Anesthesia, General: Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.Anesthesia: A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.Anesthesia, Local: A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.Anesthesia, Epidural: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.Anesthesia, Spinal: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected directly into the spinal cord.Anesthesia, Inhalation: Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.Anesthesia, Conduction: Injection of an anesthetic into the nerves to inhibit nerve transmission in a specific part of the body.Anesthesia, Intravenous: Process of administering an anesthetic through injection directly into the bloodstream.Anesthesia, Obstetrical: A variety of anesthetic methods such as EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA used to control the pain of childbirth.Anesthesia Recovery Period: The period of emergence from general anesthesia, where different elements of consciousness return at different rates.Anesthesia, Dental: A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.Anesthetics, Inhalation: Gases or volatile liquids that vary in the rate at which they induce anesthesia; potency; the degree of circulation, respiratory, or neuromuscular depression they produce; and analgesic effects. Inhalation anesthetics have advantages over intravenous agents in that the depth of anesthesia can be changed rapidly by altering the inhaled concentration. Because of their rapid elimination, any postoperative respiratory depression is of relatively short duration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p173)Anesthetics, Intravenous: Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately. Repeated administration results in accumulation and prolongs the recovery time. Since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p174)Adjuvants, Anesthesia: Agents that are administered in association with anesthetics to increase effectiveness, improve delivery, or decrease required dosage.Propofol: An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.Isoflurane: A stable, non-explosive inhalation anesthetic, relatively free from significant side effects.Methyl Ethers: A group of compounds that contain the general formula R-OCH3.Anesthesiology: A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Anesthetics, Combined: The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially to induce anesthesia. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.Monitoring, Intraoperative: The constant checking on the state or condition of a patient during the course of a surgical operation (e.g., checking of vital signs).Anesthetics: Agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain. They may act to induce general ANESTHESIA, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site.Nitrous Oxide: Nitrogen oxide (N2O). A colorless, odorless gas that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic. High concentrations cause a narcotic effect and may replace oxygen, causing death by asphyxia. It is also used as a food aerosol in the preparation of whipping cream.Halothane: A nonflammable, halogenated, hydrocarbon anesthetic that provides relatively rapid induction with little or no excitement. Analgesia may not be adequate. NITROUS OXIDE is often given concomitantly. Because halothane may not produce sufficient muscle relaxation, supplemental neuromuscular blocking agents may be required. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p178)Lidocaine: A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of PROCAINE but its duration of action is shorter than that of BUPIVACAINE or PRILOCAINE.Anesthesia, Closed-Circuit: Inhalation anesthesia where the gases exhaled by the patient are rebreathed as some carbon dioxide is simultaneously removed and anesthetic gas and oxygen are added so that no anesthetic escapes into the room. Closed-circuit anesthesia is used especially with explosive anesthetics to prevent fires where electrical sparking from instruments is possible.Fentanyl: A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)Anesthetics, General: Agents that induce various degrees of analgesia; depression of consciousness, circulation, and respiration; relaxation of skeletal muscle; reduction of reflex activity; and amnesia. There are two types of general anesthetics, inhalation and intravenous. With either type, the arterial concentration of drug required to induce anesthesia varies with the condition of the patient, the desired depth of anesthesia, and the concomitant use of other drugs. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p.173)Bupivacaine: A widely used local anesthetic agent.Preanesthetic Medication: Drugs administered before an anesthetic to decrease a patient's anxiety and control the effects of that anesthetic.Ketamine: A cyclohexanone derivative used for induction of anesthesia. Its mechanism of action is not well understood, but ketamine can block NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE) and may interact with sigma receptors.Ambulatory Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on an outpatient basis. It may be hospital-based or performed in an office or surgicenter.Nerve Block: Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.Thiopental: A barbiturate that is administered intravenously for the induction of general anesthesia or for the production of complete anesthesia of short duration.Anesthesia, Caudal: Epidural anesthesia administered via the sacral canal.Pentobarbital: A short-acting barbiturate that is effective as a sedative and hypnotic (but not as an anti-anxiety) agent and is usually given orally. It is prescribed more frequently for sleep induction than for sedation but, like similar agents, may lose its effectiveness by the second week of continued administration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p236)Anesthetics, Dissociative: Intravenous anesthetics that induce a state of sedation, immobility, amnesia, and marked analgesia. Subjects may experience a strong feeling of dissociation from the environment. The condition produced is similar to NEUROLEPTANALGESIA, but is brought about by the administration of a single drug. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed)Enflurane: An extremely stable inhalation anesthetic that allows rapid adjustments of anesthesia depth with little change in pulse or respiratory rate.Xylazine: An adrenergic alpha-2 agonist used as a sedative, analgesic and centrally acting muscle relaxant in VETERINARY MEDICINE.Intubation, Intratracheal: A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.Anesthesia Department, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration of functions and activities pertaining to the delivery of anesthetics.Conscious Sedation: A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)Anesthesia, IntratrachealIntraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.Intraoperative Period: The period during a surgical operation.Anesthesia and Analgesia: Medical methods of either relieving pain caused by a particular condition or removing the sensation of pain during a surgery or other medical procedure.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Prilocaine: A local anesthetic that is similar pharmacologically to LIDOCAINE. Currently, it is used most often for infiltration anesthesia in dentistry.Methohexital: An intravenous anesthetic with a short duration of action that may be used for induction of anesthesia.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Mepivacaine: A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)Consciousness: Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.Alfentanil: A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.Hypnotics and Sedatives: Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.Surgical Procedures, Minor: Surgery restricted to the management of minor problems and injuries; surgical procedures of relatively slight extent and not in itself hazardous to life. (Dorland, 28th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)Xenon: A noble gas with the atomic symbol Xe, atomic number 54, and atomic weight 131.30. It is found in the earth's atmosphere and has been used as an anesthetic.Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting: Emesis and queasiness occurring after anesthesia.Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents: Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction without causing depolarization of the motor end plate. They prevent acetylcholine from triggering muscle contraction and are used as muscle relaxants during electroshock treatments, in convulsive states, and as anesthesia adjuvants.EthersMidazolam: A short-acting hypnotic-sedative drug with anxiolytic and amnestic properties. It is used in dentistry, cardiac surgery, endoscopic procedures, as preanesthetic medication, and as an adjunct to local anesthesia. The short duration and cardiorespiratory stability makes it useful in poor-risk, elderly, and cardiac patients. It is water-soluble at pH less than 4 and lipid-soluble at physiological pH.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Hemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Ether: A mobile, very volatile, highly flammable liquid used as an inhalation anesthetic and as a solvent for waxes, fats, oils, perfumes, alkaloids, and gums. It is mildly irritating to skin and mucous membranes.Surgical Procedures, Operative: Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)Chloralose: A derivative of CHLORAL HYDRATE that was used as a sedative but has been replaced by safer and more effective drugs. Its most common use is as a general anesthetic in animal experiments.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Sufentanil: An opioid analgesic that is used as an adjunct in anesthesia, in balanced anesthesia, and as a primary anesthetic agent.Consciousness Monitors: Devices used to assess the level of consciousness especially during anesthesia. They measure brain activity level based on the EEG.Laryngeal Masks: A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.Medetomidine: An agonist of RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 that is used in veterinary medicine for its analgesic and sedative properties. It is the racemate of DEXMEDETOMIDINE.Neuromuscular Blocking Agents: Drugs that interrupt transmission of nerve impulses at the skeletal neuromuscular junction. They can be of two types, competitive, stabilizing blockers (NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS) or noncompetitive, depolarizing agents (NEUROMUSCULAR DEPOLARIZING AGENTS). Both prevent acetylcholine from triggering the muscle contraction and they are used as anesthesia adjuvants, as relaxants during electroshock, in convulsive states, etc.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Carticaine: A thiophene-containing local anesthetic pharmacologically similar to MEPIVACAINE.Intraoperative Awareness: Occurence of a patient becoming conscious during a procedure performed under GENERAL ANESTHESIA and subsequently having recall of these events. (From Anesthesiology 2006, 104(4): 847-64.)Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Succinylcholine: A quaternary skeletal muscle relaxant usually used in the form of its bromide, chloride, or iodide. It is a depolarizing relaxant, acting in about 30 seconds and with a duration of effect averaging three to five minutes. Succinylcholine is used in surgical, anesthetic, and other procedures in which a brief period of muscle relaxation is called for.Neuromuscular Blockade: The intentional interruption of transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION by external agents, usually neuromuscular blocking agents. It is distinguished from NERVE BLOCK in which nerve conduction (NEURAL CONDUCTION) is interrupted rather than neuromuscular transmission. Neuromuscular blockade is commonly used to produce MUSCLE RELAXATION as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures. It is also often used as an experimental manipulation in basic research. It is not strictly speaking anesthesia but is grouped here with anesthetic techniques. The failure of neuromuscular transmission as a result of pathological processes is not included here.Manuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.Piperidines: A family of hexahydropyridines.Laryngoscopy: Examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the larynx performed with a specially designed endoscope.Androstanols: Androstanes and androstane derivatives which are substituted in any position with one or more hydroxyl groups.Hypotension, Controlled: Procedure in which arterial blood pressure is intentionally reduced in order to control blood loss during surgery. This procedure is performed either pharmacologically or by pre-surgical removal of blood.Etomidate: Imidazole derivative anesthetic and hypnotic with little effect on blood gases, ventilation, or the cardiovascular system. It has been proposed as an induction anesthetic.Deep Sedation: Drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposely following repeated painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function may be impaired. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)Operating Rooms: Facilities equipped for performing surgery.Analgesia: Methods of PAIN relief that may be used with or in place of ANALGESICS.Intraoperative Care: Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.Urethane: Antineoplastic agent that is also used as a veterinary anesthetic. It has also been used as an intermediate in organic synthesis. Urethane is suspected to be a carcinogen.Ephedrine: A phenethylamine found in EPHEDRA SINICA. PSEUDOEPHEDRINE is an isomer. It is an alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonist that may also enhance release of norepinephrine. It has been used for asthma, heart failure, rhinitis, and urinary incontinence, and for its central nervous system stimulatory effects in the treatment of narcolepsy and depression. It has become less extensively used with the advent of more selective agonists.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Hypotension: Abnormally low BLOOD PRESSURE that can result in inadequate blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. Common symptom is DIZZINESS but greater negative impacts on the body occur when there is prolonged depravation of oxygen and nutrients.Shivering: Involuntary contraction or twitching of the muscles. It is a physiologic method of heat production in man and other mammals.Postoperative Period: The period following a surgical operation.Hernia, Inguinal: An abdominal hernia with an external bulge in the GROIN region. It can be classified by the location of herniation. Indirect inguinal hernias occur through the internal inguinal ring. Direct inguinal hernias occur through defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL (transversalis fascia) in Hesselbach's triangle. The former type is commonly seen in children and young adults; the latter in adults.Respiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Droperidol: A butyrophenone with general properties similar to those of HALOPERIDOL. It is used in conjunction with an opioid analgesic such as FENTANYL to maintain the patient in a calm state of neuroleptanalgesia with indifference to surroundings but still able to cooperate with the surgeon. It is also used as a premedicant, as an antiemetic, and for the control of agitation in acute psychoses. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p593)Brachial Plexus: The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.Epinephrine: The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.Laryngismus: A disorder in which the adductor muscles of the VOCAL CORDS exhibit increased activity leading to laryngeal spasm. Laryngismus causes closure of the VOCAL FOLDS and airflow obstruction during inspiration.Blood Gas Analysis: Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.Mandibular Nerve: A branch of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The mandibular nerve carries motor fibers to the muscles of mastication and sensory fibers to the teeth and gingivae, the face in the region of the mandible, and parts of the dura.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Nurse Anesthetists: Professional nurses who have completed postgraduate training in the administration of anesthetics and who function under the responsibility of the operating surgeon.Vecuronium Bromide: Monoquaternary homolog of PANCURONIUM. A non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent with shorter duration of action than pancuronium. Its lack of significant cardiovascular effects and lack of dependence on good kidney function for elimination as well as its short duration of action and easy reversibility provide advantages over, or alternatives to, other established neuromuscular blocking agents.Acepromazine: A phenothiazine that is used in the treatment of PSYCHOSES.Hypothermia: Lower than normal body temperature, especially in warm-blooded animals.Maxillary Nerve: The intermediate sensory division of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The maxillary nerve carries general afferents from the intermediate region of the face including the lower eyelid, nose and upper lip, the maxillary teeth, and parts of the dura.Surgical Procedures, Elective: Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.Amides: Organic compounds containing the -CO-NH2 radical. Amides are derived from acids by replacement of -OH by -NH2 or from ammonia by the replacement of H by an acyl group. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Body Temperature: The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.Tetracaine: A potent local anesthetic of the ester type used for surface and spinal anesthesia.Dexmedetomidine: A imidazole derivative that is an agonist of ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 RECEPTORS. It is closely-related to MEDETOMIDINE, which is the racemic form of this compound.Cervical Plexus: A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four CERVICAL SPINAL CORD segments. The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head. It also distributes motor fibers to muscles of the cervical SPINAL COLUMN, infrahyoid muscles, and the DIAPHRAGM.Barbiturates: A class of chemicals derived from barbituric acid or thiobarbituric acid. Many of these are GABA MODULATORS used as HYPNOTICS AND SEDATIVES, as ANESTHETICS, or as ANTICONVULSANTS.Atracurium: A non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent with short duration of action. Its lack of significant cardiovascular effects and its lack of dependence on good kidney function for elimination provide clinical advantage over alternate non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Premedication: Preliminary administration of a drug preceding a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure. The commonest types of premedication are antibiotics (ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS) and anti-anxiety agents. It does not include PREANESTHETIC MEDICATION.Awareness: The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.Dermatologic Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures performed on the SKIN.Fiber Optic Technology: The technology of transmitting light over long distances through strands of glass or other transparent material.Ethyl EthersTiletamine: Proposed anesthetic with possible anticonvulsant and sedative properties.Needles: Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.Gynecologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the female genitalia.Alfaxalone Alfadolone Mixture: A 3:1 mixture of alfaxalone with alfadolone acetate that previously had been used as a general anesthetic. It is no longer actively marketed. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1445)Monitoring, Physiologic: The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Pancuronium: A bis-quaternary steroid that is a competitive nicotinic antagonist. As a neuromuscular blocking agent it is more potent than CURARE but has less effect on the circulatory system and on histamine release.Analgesia, Epidural: The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.Perioperative Care: Interventions to provide care prior to, during, and immediately after surgery.Morphine: The principal alkaloid in opium and the prototype opiate analgesic and narcotic. Morphine has widespread effects in the central nervous system and on smooth muscle.Injections: Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.Pulmonary Atelectasis: Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.Partial Pressure: The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Chloral Hydrate: A hypnotic and sedative used in the treatment of INSOMNIA.Methoxyflurane: An inhalation anesthetic. Currently, methoxyflurane is rarely used for surgical, obstetric, or dental anesthesia. If so employed, it should be administered with NITROUS OXIDE to achieve a relatively light level of anesthesia, and a neuromuscular blocking agent given concurrently to obtain the desired degree of muscular relaxation. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p180)Procaine: A local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action. It is mainly used for infiltration anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal block. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1016).Autonomic Nerve Block: Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.Dental Pulp Test: Investigations conducted on the physical health of teeth involving use of a tool that transmits hot or cold electric currents on a tooth's surface that can determine problems with that tooth based on reactions to the currents.Postoperative Care: The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Oral Surgical Procedures: Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Guaifenesin: An expectorant that also has some muscle relaxing action. It is used in many cough preparations.Zolazepam: A pyrazolodiazepinone with pharmacological actions similar to ANTI-ANXIETY AGENTS. It is commonly used in combination with TILETAMINE to obtain immobilization and anesthesia in animals.Cataract Extraction: The removal of a cataractous CRYSTALLINE LENS from the eye.Meperidine: A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.Respiration, Artificial: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).Bronchial Spasm: Spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.Body Temperature Regulation: The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Apnea: A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.Injections, Intravenous: Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.Evoked Potentials, Auditory: The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.Tourniquets: Devices for the compression of a blood vessel by application around an extremity to control the circulation and prevent the flow of blood to or from the distal area. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Pneumonia, Aspiration: A type of lung inflammation resulting from the aspiration of food, liquid, or gastric contents into the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Risk Management: The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)Single-Blind Method: A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.Sensation: The process in which specialized SENSORY RECEPTOR CELLS transduce peripheral stimuli (physical or chemical) into NERVE IMPULSES which are then transmitted to the various sensory centers in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Drug Interactions: The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.Skin Temperature: The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.Airway Management: Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.Infusions, Intravenous: The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.Propoxycaine: A local anesthetic of the ester type that has a rapid onset of action and a longer duration of action than procaine hydrochloride. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1017)Cardiac Output: The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.gamma-Cyclodextrins: Cyclic GLUCANS consisting of eight (8) glucopyranose units linked by 1,4-glycosidic bonds.Airway Obstruction: Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.Neuromuscular Depolarizing Agents: Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction by causing sustained depolarization of the motor end plate. These agents are primarily used as adjuvants in surgical anesthesia to cause skeletal muscle relaxation.Emergencies: Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Recovery Room: Hospital unit providing continuous monitoring of the patient following anesthesia.Surgery, Oral: A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.Unconsciousness: Loss of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment combined with markedly reduced responsiveness to environmental stimuli. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp344-5)Reflex: An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.Analgesia, Patient-Controlled: Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).Antiemetics: Drugs used to prevent NAUSEA or VOMITING.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Muscle Relaxants, Central: A heterogeneous group of drugs used to produce muscle relaxation, excepting the neuromuscular blocking agents. They have their primary clinical and therapeutic uses in the treatment of muscle spasm and immobility associated with strains, sprains, and injuries of the back and, to a lesser degree, injuries to the neck. They have been used also for the treatment of a variety of clinical conditions that have in common only the presence of skeletal muscle hyperactivity, for example, the muscle spasms that can occur in MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p358)Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Tidal Volume: The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.Femoral Nerve: A nerve originating in the lumbar spinal cord (usually L2 to L4) and traveling through the lumbar plexus to provide motor innervation to extensors of the thigh and sensory innervation to parts of the thigh, lower leg, and foot, and to the hip and knee joints.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Wakefulness: A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.Bradycardia: Cardiac arrhythmias that are characterized by excessively slow HEART RATE, usually below 50 beats per minute in human adults. They can be classified broadly into SINOATRIAL NODE dysfunction and ATRIOVENTRICULAR BLOCK.Etidocaine: A local anesthetic with rapid onset and long action, similar to BUPIVACAINE.Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Diazepam: A benzodiazepine with anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, sedative, muscle relaxant, and amnesic properties and a long duration of action. Its actions are mediated by enhancement of GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID activity.

The posterior nasal nerve plays an important role on cardiopulmonary reflexes to nasal application of capsaicin, distilled water and l-menthol in anesthetized dogs. (1/2933)

The sensory innervation of the cardiopulmonary reflexes to nasal application of capsaicin (CAPS), distilled water (DW) and l-menthol (LM) was studied in anesthetized dogs breathing through tracheostomy. A marked cardiopulmonary reflex was observed by CAPS and DW into the nasal cavity, while a prolongation of expiration was induced by LM. All these reflexes were significantly decreased by bilateral section of the posterior nasal nerve (PNN) and completely abolished by topical nasal anesthesia with lidocaine. Responses of the whole nerve activity of the PNN to these substances corresponded to the magnitude of the reflexes. These results indicate that PNN afferents play an important role on the reflex elicitation of the noxious, water and cold stimuli from the nasal cavity.  (+info)

Physiological properties of raphe magnus neurons during sleep and waking. (2/2933)

Neurons in the medullary raphe magnus (RM) that are important in the descending modulation of nociceptive transmission are classified by their response to noxious tail heat as ON, OFF, or NEUTRAL cells. Experiments in anesthetized animals demonstrate that RM ON cells facilitate and OFF cells inhibit nociceptive transmission. Yet little is known of the physiology of these cells in the unanesthetized animal. The first aim of the present experiments was to determine whether cells with ON- and OFF-like responses to noxious heat exist in the unanesthetized rat. Second, to determine if RM cells have state-dependent discharge, the activity of RM neurons was recorded during waking and sleeping states. Noxious heat applied during waking and slow wave sleep excited one group of cells (ON-U) in unanesthetized rats. Other cells were inhibited by noxious heat (OFF-U) applied during waking and slow wave sleep states in unanesthetized rats. NEUTRAL-U cells did not respond to noxious thermal stimulation applied during either slow wave sleep or waking. ON-U and OFF-U cells were more likely to respond to noxious heat during slow wave sleep than during waking and were least likely to respond when the animal was eating or drinking. Although RM cells rarely respond to innocuous stimulation applied during anesthesia, ON-U and OFF-U cells were excited and inhibited, respectively, by innocuous somatosensory stimulation in the unanesthetized rat. The spontaneous activity of >90% of the RM neurons recorded in the unanesthetized rat was influenced by behavioral state. OFF-U cells discharged sporadically during waking but were continuously active during slow wave sleep. By contrast, ON-U and NEUTRAL-U cells discharged in bursts during waking and either ceased to discharge entirely or discharged at a low rate during slow wave sleep. We suggest that OFF cell discharge functions to suppress pain-evoked reactions during sleep, whereas ON cell discharge facilitates pain-evoked responses during waking.  (+info)

Nonlinear tension summation of different combinations of motor units in the anesthetized cat peroneus longus muscle. (3/2933)

The purpose of this study was to examine the linearity of summation of the forces produced by the stimulation of different combinations of type identified motor units (MUs) in the cat peroneus longus muscle (PL) under isometric conditions. The muscle was fixed at its twitch optimal length, and the tension produced by the single MU was recorded during 24- and 72-Hz stimulation. The summation analysis was first carried out for MUs belonging to the same functional group, and then different combinations of fast fatigable (FF) MUs were added to the nonfatigable slow (S) and fatigue resistant (FR) group. The tension resulting from the combined stimulation of increasing numbers of MUs (measured tension) was evaluated and compared with the linearly predicted value, calculated by adding algebraically the tension produced by the individual MUs assembled in the combination (calculated tension). Tension summation displayed deviations from linearity. S and FR MUs mainly showed marked more than linear summation; FF MUs yielded either more or less than linear summation; and, when the FF units were recruited after the S and FR MUs, less than linear summation always occurred. The magnitude of the nonlinear summation appeared stimulus frequency dependent for the fatigable FF and FI group. The relationship between measured tension and calculated tension for each MU combination was examined, and linear regression lines were fitted to each set of data. The high correlation coefficients and the different slope values for the different MU-type combinations suggested that the nonlinear summation was MU-type specific. The mechanisms of nonlinear summations are discussed by considering the consequences of internal shortening and thus the mechanical interactions among MUs and shifts in muscle fiber length to a more or less advantageous portion of single MU length-tension curves.  (+info)

A comparison of an A1 adenosine receptor agonist (CVT-510) with diltiazem for slowing of AV nodal conduction in guinea-pig. (4/2933)

1. The purpose of this study was to compare the pharmacological properties (i.e. the AV nodal depressant, vasodilator, and inotropic effects) of two AV nodal blocking agents belonging to different drug classes; a novel A1 adenosine receptor (A1 receptor) agonist, N-(3(R)-tetrahydrofuranyl)-6-aminopurine riboside (CVT-510), and the prototypical calcium channel blocker diltiazem. 2. In the atrial-paced isolated heart, CVT-510 was approximately 5 fold more potent to prolong the stimulus-to-His bundle (S-H interval), a measure of slowing AV nodal conduction (EC50 = 41 nM) than to increase coronary conductance (EC50 = 200 nM). At concentrations of CVT-510 (40 nM) and diltiazem (1 microM) that caused equal prolongation of S-H interval (approximately 10 ms), diltiazem, but not CVT-510, significantly reduced left ventricular developed pressure (LVP) and markedly increased coronary conductance. CVT-510 shortened atrial (EC50 = 73 nM) but not the ventricular monophasic action potentials (MAP). 3. In atrial-paced anaesthetized guinea-pigs, intravenous infusions of CVT-510 and diltiazem caused nearly equal prolongations of P-R interval. However, diltiazem, but not CVT-510, significantly reduced mean arterial blood pressure. 4. Both CVT-510 and diltiazem prolonged S-H interval, i.e., slowed AV nodal conduction. However, the A1 receptor-selective agonist CVT-510 did so without causing the negative inotropic, vasodilator, and hypotensive effects associated with diltiazem. Because CVT-510 did not affect the ventricular action potential, it is unlikely that this agonist will have a proarrythmic action in ventricular myocardium.  (+info)

Effects of phrixotoxins on the Kv4 family of potassium channels and implications for the role of Ito1 in cardiac electrogenesis. (5/2933)

1. In the present study, two new peptides, phrixotoxins PaTx1 and PaTx2 (29-31 amino acids), which potently block A-type potassium currents, have been purified from the venom of the tarantula Phrixotrichus auratus. 2. Phrixotoxins specifically block Kv4.3 and Kv4.2 currents that underlie I(to1), with an 5 < IC50 < 70 nM, by altering the gating properties of these channels. 3. Neither are the Shaker (Kv1), Shab (Kv2) and Shaw (Kv3) subfamilies of currents, nor HERG, KvLQT1/IsK, inhibited by phrixotoxins which appear specific of the Shal (Kv4) subfamily of currents and also block I(to1) in isolated murine cardiomyocytes. 4. In order to evaluate the physiological consequences of the Ito1 inhibition, mice were injected intravenously with PaTx1, which resulted in numerous transient cardiac adverse reactions including the occurrence of premature ventricular beats, ventricular tachycardia and different degrees of atrioventricular block. 5. The analysis of the mouse electrocardiogram showed a dose-dependent prolongation of the QT interval, chosen as a surrogate marker for their ventricular repolarization, from 249 +/- 11 to 265 +/- 8 ms (P < 0.05). 6. It was concluded that phrixotoxins, are new and specific blockers of Kv4.3 and Kv4.2 potassium currents, and hence of I(to1) that will enable further studies of Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 channel and/or I(to1) expression.  (+info)

Efficacy of recombinant human Hb by 31P-NMR during isovolemic total exchange transfusion. (6/2933)

The ability of recombinant human Hb (rHb1.1), which is being developed as an oxygen therapeutic, to support metabolism was measured by in vivo 31P-NMR surface coil spectroscopy of the rat abdomen in control animals and in animals subjected to isovolemic exchange transfusion to hematocrit of <3% with human serum albumin or 5 g/dl rHb1.1. No significant changes in metabolite levels were observed in control animals for up to 6 h. The albumin-exchange experiments, however, resulted in a more than eightfold increase in Pi and a 50% drop in phosphocreatine and ATP within 40 min. The tissue pH dropped from 7.4 to 6.8. The decrease in high-energy phosphates obeyed Michaelis-Menten kinetics, with a Michaelis-Menten constant of 3% as the hematocrit at which a 50% drop in high-energy phosphates was observed. Exchange transfusion with rHb1.1 resulted in no significant drop in high-energy phosphates, no rise in Pi, and no change in tissue pH from 7.35 +/- 0.15 for up to 5 h after exchange. By these criteria, rHb1.1 at a plasma Hb concentration of approximately 5 g/dl after total exchange transfusion was able to sustain energy metabolism of gut tissue at levels indistinguishable from control rats with a threefold higher total Hb level in erythrocytes.  (+info)

Nitric oxide release in penile corpora cavernosa in a rat model of erection. (7/2933)

1. Nitric oxide (NO) levels were measured in the corpus cavernosum of urethane-anaesthetized rats by using differential normal pulse voltammetry with carbon fibre microelectrodes coated with a polymeric porphyrin and a cation exchanger (Nafion). A NO oxidation peak could be recorded at 650 mV vs. a Ag-AgCl reference electrode every 100 s. 2. This NO signal was greatly decreased by the NO synthase inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), given by local and systemic routes, and enhanced by the NO precursor L-arginine. Treatment with L-arginine reversed the effect of L-NAME on the NO peak. 3. Both the NO signal and the intracavernosal pressure (ICP) were increased by electrical stimulation of cavernosal nerves (ESCN). However, the rise in the NO levels long outlived the rapid return to baseline of the ICP values at the end of nerve stimulation. 4. The ICP and the NO responses to ESCN were suppressed by local and systemic injections of L-NAME. Subsequent treatment with L-arginine of L-NAME-treated animals restored the NO signal to basal levels and the NO response to ESCN. The ICP response to ESCN was restored only in part by L-arginine. 5. The observed temporal dissociation between the NO and ICP responses could be accounted for by several factors, including the buffering of NO by the blood filling the cavernosal spaces during erection. 6. These findings indicate that an increased production of NO in the corpora cavernosa is necessary but not sufficient for maintaining penile erection and suggest a complex modulation of the NO-cGMP-cavernosal smooth muscle relaxation cascade.  (+info)

Trigeminal nerve ganglion stimulation-induced neurovascular reflexes in the anaesthetized cat: role of endothelin(B) receptors in carotid vasodilatation. (8/2933)

1. The effects of intravenous administration of endothelin (ET) receptor antagonists SB-209670 (0.001-10.0 mg kg(-1)), SB-217242, SB-234551 (0.01-10.0 mg kg(-1)) and BQ-788 (0.001-1.0 mg kg(-1)) were investigated on trigeminal nerve ganglion stimulation-induced neurovascular reflexes in the carotid vasculature of the anaesthetized cat. Comparisons were made with sumatriptan (0.003-3.0 mg kg(-1)) and alpha-CGRP8-37 (0.001-0.1 mg kg(-1)). 2. Trigeminal nerve ganglion stimulation produced frequency related increases in carotid blood flow, reductions in carotid vascular resistance and non-frequency related increases in blood pressure. Guanethidine (3 mg kg(-1), i.v.) blocked trigeminal nerve ganglion-induced increases in blood pressure but had no effect on changes in carotid flow or resistance. Maximal reductions in carotid vascular resistance was observed at 10 Hz, and this frequency was selected to investigate the effects of drugs on trigeminal nerve ganglion stimulation-induced responses in guanethidine treated cats. 3. Saline, alpha-CGRP8-37 SB-209670 and BQ-788 had little or no effect on resting haemodynamic parameters. SB-217242 (10 mg kg(-1), n=3) produced a 56% reduction in arterial blood pressure whereas SB-233451 (10 mg kg(-1), n=3) produced a 30% reduction in carotid vascular resistance. Sumatriptan produced dose-related reductions in resting carotid flow and increases (max. 104% at 0.3 mg kg(-1), n = 5) in vascular resistance. 4. SB-209670 (n=6-7), SB-217242 (n=3) and BQ-788 (n=3) produced inhibition of trigeminal nerve ganglion stimulation-induced reductions in carotid vascular resistance. Saline, SB-234551, alpha-CGRP8-37 and sumatriptan had no effect. 5. These data demonstrate ET(B) receptor blockade attenuates the vasodilator effects of trigeminal nerve ganglion stimulation in the carotid vascular bed of guanethidine pretreated anaesthetized cats.  (+info)

NEW ROCHELLE, NY--(Marketwired - February 09, 2016) - Somnia Anesthesia, a national anesthesia practice management company, has just published new marketing material identifying hospital and outpatient facility executives highest-priority concerns relating to partnering with an anesthesia management company.The new booklet identifies the value of an anesthesia management companys understanding of...
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The 2nd International Conference on Anesthesia and Pain Management (APM 2018) will be held during May 29-31, 2018 in Chengdu, China. APM 2018 is sponsored by Engineering Information Institute, Open Access Library, Scientific Research Publishing, and 1000thinktank. The conference will cover issues on Anesthesia and Pain Management. It dedicates to creating a stage for exchanging the latest research results and sharing the advanced research methods in related fields.
Anesthesia Management of a Pneumonectomy Research Papers delve into an order placed for an anesthesia related topic with specific sections needed such as abstract, literature review and reference page. Custom Written and Plagiarism Free Medical Health Term Papers .
Practical, user-friendly, and to the point, the newly updated Kaplans Essentials of Cardiac Anesthesia, 2ndedition focuses on the most common topics and clinically applicable information in cardiac anesthesia today. Designed for residents, nurses, and clinicians seeking quick, high-yield answers rather than the encyclopedic information commonly found in larger references―in fact, its concise format makes it easy to complete a section in a single sitting. For an initial introduction to cardiac anesthesia, nothing compares to Kaplans Essentials!
The discovery of anesthesia has resulted in surgeries becoming painless and a much more pleasant experience. Test your knowledge on anesthesia by taking this quiz.
Heart surgery can be an anxiety provoking event in anyones life. Our goal is to ensure your safety and maximize your comfort while you receive the care your heart needs. We hope that knowing you will be cared for by a board certified anesthesiologist will help put you at ease as you prepare for your procedure. With Pikes Peak Anesthesia Associates, you will always be cared for, one-on-one, by a physician anesthesiologist. All of the doctors selected on our Cardiac Anesthesia Team graduated from medical school, completed an accredited residency program in anesthesiology, obtained board certification in anesthesiology and are credentialed in perioperative transesophageal echocardiography.. What to Expect. On the day of your procedure, you will meet your cardiac anesthesiologist. He or she will discuss with you important aspects of your health. In addition, your anesthesiologist will explain to you the anesthetic care plan, describe what to expect before and after your procedure, and address any ...
In the United States, Ahphealthcare.com has an unknown rank, with an estimated 1,021 monthly visitors a month. Click to view other data about this site.
As the field pediatric anesthesia advances and expands, so too does the gamut of challenges that are faced by todays anesthesiologists. Gregorys Pediatric Anesthesia aims to fully prepare trainees and experienced professionals for modern practice by equipping them with the knowledge and cutting-edge techniques necessary to safely and successfully anesthetize children for a range of different surgeries and other procedures. Supporting their work with current data and evidence, the authors explore topics including basic principles, potential complications, and best practice, and illustrate their findings with detailed case studies that cover all major subspecialties. This essential new edition includes access to illustrative videos and features new and expanded sections, such as: Anesthesia for Spinal Surgery complications including postoperative blindness Robotic surgery for Pediatric Urological Procedures Anesthesia for Non-Cardiac Surgery in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease (new ...
Surgical anesthesias impact on the brain has long been debated, and even anesthesiologists have admitted the effects of these drugs on humans is not clearly understood.
An Awake Paralysis Victim in SICU and Cardiac Anesthesia. R1 胡念之. Patient Profile. Age: 47 y/o Sex: male Weight: 87.5 Kg Height: 177.6 cm P.H: DM under insulin control for 10+ yrs HTN under Renitec control for 7+ yrs Slideshow 181905 by jana
Today I participated in a CABG with an upper level. Both the upper level and attending recommended this book: Practical Approach to Cardiac Anesthesia by...
Pediatric Anesthesia: Android app (2.4 ★, 500+ downloads) → The Pediatric Anesthesia Calculator is an application for anesthesiologists, CRNAs and emergency service...
The use of herbal and alternative therapies is increasing all over the developed as well as the developing world. As pharmacological data on drug interactions involving herbal therapies becomes available, it is important to be familiar with the challenges that concomitant use of these medications may present within the peri-operative period. This review aims to shed light on the more commonly used herbal drugs, and to discuss drug interactions and complications that may be expected in their use.
OBJECTIVE: Adjustment in the doses of opioids has been a focus of interest for achieving better fast-track conditions in cardiac anesthesia, but relatively sparse information exists on the potential effect of psychologic and behavioral factors, such as stress, anxiety, and type of personality, on anesthesia requirements and patient turnover in the cardiac recovery unit (CRU); to the authors knowledge, this particular focus has not been systematically investigated. In this randomized study, the authors tested the hypothesis that low-dose sufentanil, compared with a standard dose, can improve fast-track parameters and the overall quality of recovery ...
Strategy Anesthesia specializes in anesthesia management services for various office facilities. Our utilization of MAC sedation makes procedures safe and easy.
The CROSSWALK and Reverse CROSSWALK are guides to practical application. The CROSSWALK lists CPT procedure codes and provides guidance as to the applicable anesthesia code. The Reverse CROSSWALK offers this information based by anesthesia code.. As noted in the first article of this Payment Basics series, some anesthesia codes cover a broad scope of procedures. It is also possible that there may be multiple options as the best anesthesia code for a single procedure -- and this is where the CROSSWALK can be of particular help. Consider CPT Procedure Code 20525 - Removal of foreign body in muscle or tendon sheath; deep or complicated. The CROSSWALK suggests Anesthesia Code 01810 - Anesthesia for all procedures on nerves, muscles, tendons, fascia, and bursae of forearm, wrist, and hand as this procedure is often performed on that body area. However, that is not always that case so the CROSSWALK provides a list of alternatives that may represent an anesthesia code more specific to the situation. In ...
European "Workstation" Rules Will Influence U.S. Anesthesia Machines by Stanley Weitzner, M.D. Anesthesia equipment standards now being formulated in Europe may well have a significant influence on American anesthesia gas machines in the near future, particularly regarding mandatory monitoring of volatile anesthesia agents and the interrelationships of monitors and their alarms with anesthesia machines. American anesthesiologists have been active for a quarter of a century in the development of minimum safety and performance standards for anesthesia equipment. As a result, when the International Standards Organization (ISO) Technical Committee on Anesthesia and Respiratory Equipment was approached by European delegations to prepare a safety and performance standard covering the essential requirements of an Anesthesia Workstation for the recently constituted European Economic Community (EEC), a "neutral North American expert" long active in this area (this author) was asked to chair this effort. ...
Headline: Bitcoin & Blockchain Searches Exceed Trump! Blockchain Stocks Are Next!. New report on Anesthesia and Respiratory Devices provide accurate and continuous supply of medical gases mixed with an accurate concentration of anesthetic vapor and serves the purpose of induced coma. Respiratory devices help in removal of mucus from the respiratory airways and thereby improve pulmonary function. Anesthesia and respiratory devices market has experienced a promising growth rate over the past few years. The respiratory devices lead the market as compared to anesthetic devices, which has limited end users. Increased healthcare expenditure has shifted the preferences of patients from hospital care to home care. Therefore, the demand for portable devices for better healthcare monitoring is rising. This report analyses the global anesthesia and respiratory devices market, its trends and opportunities. The study also focuses on the market categorization, potential segments and global key leaders. This ...
Youngs Pediatric Anesthesia Reference Sheet is an outstanding resource that gives vital information for doing anesthesia on pediatric patients. Accurate equipm
NEW ROCHELLE, NY--(Marketwired - Mar 16, 2015) -   Somnia Anesthesia, a national anesthesia practice management company, has just published a helpful resource identifying the signs of an underperforming anesthesia team. This new white paper illustrates the common shortfalls of an anesthesia team whose goals are not aligned with those of...
Objective: This study is designed to test the hypothesis that the EEGo monitor will be superior to the BIS monitor to assess emergence following neuroanesthesia. The EEGo will be able to more accurately indicate emergence and direct therapy at the end of the operative procedure. The EEGo will be superior because the raw EEG signal is processed using phase delay analysis, with each patients raw EEG analyzed instead of a proprietary but generic signal processing approach on a linear scale as with the BIS monitor. Phase delay analysis is a standard approach to display nonlinear signals. A highly reproducible signal transition occurs from deep anesthesia to emergence. It is this transition that permits acute assessment of emergence. The ability to process the EEG and display phase delay plots in 50 msec is what makes the EEGo monitor attractive to acutely assess emergence from neuroanesthesia. Accurate emergence will allow better anesthesia management.. This pilot study will be done to assess a ...
Jellish W. S. ✉. Department of Anesthesiology, Loyola University Medical Center, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood IL, USA. ...
Anesthesiologist Assistant Search for Anesthesiologist Assistant , locum tenen and permanent job opportunities nationwide. Search AA resumes. AnesthesiologistAssistant.com is an exclusive Anesthesiologist Assistant job posting website, Updated daily!
Nouman, I.A. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Survey about Hydration in Pediatric Anesthesia Patients; Findings from a University Teaching Hospital. (2016) J Anesth Surg 3(1): 131- 134.. ...
Commercial or non-commercial affiliations that are or may be perceived to be a conflict of interest with the work of each author; and any other associations, such as consultancies: No author has any commercial or other affiliations that are, or may be perceived to be, a conflict of interest. ...
Edited by true leaders in the field of pediatric anesthesia, with contributions from internationally renowned physicians, this book remains the most complete resource available for your training, practice and continuing education.
Citation Machine® helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your film / online video in Pediatric Anesthesia format for free.
Citation Machine® helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your thesis in Pediatric Anesthesia format for free.
Study Flashcards On anesthesia pre-clinical med review at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
If your pet is going under anesthesia for a veterinary procedure, you might be concerned and wondering how to prepare. Pre-procedure, a thorough physical examination and medical history will be conducted. This could help detect any abnormalities in the heart and lungs which would change how anesthesia affects your pet. In general, older animals have less tolerance for the depression in heart function that anesthesia causes and may recover more slowly. Additionally, certain breeds are prone for sensitivity to anesthesia. As a result, their vital signs will be monitored especially carefully during a procedure.. Here are some tips if your pet is undergoing an anesthetic procedure:. ...
From the *Division of Pediatric Anesthesia. †Division of Pain Medicine, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.. Published ahead of print 27 May 2020.. Accepted for publication April 20, 2020.. Funding: None.. Conflicts of Interest: See Disclosures at the end of the article.. Reprints will not be available from the authors.. Address correspondence to Sarah S. Titler, MD, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Dr, 6JCP, Iowa City, IA 52240. Address e-mail to [email protected] ...
The information here is to help parents and/or guardians prepare and better anticipate their childs anesthetic experience. Hopefully it will help you feel more comfortable and help you support your child through their surgery or procedure. Feel free to ask staff or your anesthesiologist about any questions you have about your childs anesthesia.. Pre-op. On the day of surgery you will be able to meet and talk to your anesthesiologist. You can help by complying with the fasting guidelines (below) and being aware of your childs medical problems and current medications. You can help prepare your child by talking to your child and making a plan for what to do when they feel nervous. Ideas that may be helpful include bringing a book they like to read, telling them a story they like, or talking about something fun they like to do. Staying calm will likely benefit your child as well because your child will take emotional cues from you. If you can comfort and encourage your child and respect their ...
An interesting take on anaesthesia induction and intubation of the acute neuro-patient by EMCrits Scott Weingart. Listen to the podcast here.
I brought Lucky and Sparky to the Nationals today for the heart clinic. Sparky was fine, but Lucky has a grade 2 murmur. No meds yet, no restrictions on anesthesia. I had an echo done at the clinic and am getting baseline chest x-rays, blood pressure etc. done at my vet and then well repeat the echo in a year. Lucky was six on 6/19. I know the statistics, so I wasnt really surprised, but it is still sad news to hear! Ive been working hard to keep them both trim ... any other
Funding research has been an essential part of our strategy and over the last five years we have committed around £28 million for grants to develop and characterise new 3Rs approaches and technologies. We have also recognised the importance of complementing this with support for 3Rs infrastructure, including networks, equipment, databases and online resources. In 2013, we launched our Infrastructure for Impact scheme which is exclusively for non-research proposals. In the first call we made four awards totalling £1.3 million. This included awards for the development of e-learning resources on anaesthesia and assessing pain and distress and dedicated support for researchers to undertake systematic reviews of animal research to make better use of the data available in the literature. Based on the success of the first call, we ran the competition again recently and I am really pleased to be able to announce in my monthly blog the £1 million of awards we are making this time round. An award of £400k has
We will speak to the team on Monday about circumcision and the skin tag removal. It almost seems cruel to me to put him through that after all he has been through however many of the boys get it done after the Glenn. If we wait until his fontan he will be older and will be more aware of it. It may extend our stay a few days since he will have to be put on anesthesia to get it done. I will leave it up to the docs here to decide if they think he is recovered well enough to have it done. I know its a simple procedure compared to the Glenn but still I dont want to put him through too much ...
Considers practical issues and controversies in the obese anesthetic management Simple to consult Addresses key questions in pre-, intra- and
Topics beginning with All Topics M were found in Anesthesia Central. Anesthesia Central is an all-in-one web and mobile solution for treating patients before, during, and after surgery. This collection of drug, procedures and test information is derived from Daviss Drug, MGH Clinical Anesthesia Procedures, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals.
Topics beginning with All Topics R were found in Anesthesia Central. Anesthesia Central is an all-in-one web and mobile solution for treating patients before, during, and after surgery. This collection of drug, procedures and test information is derived from Daviss Drug, MGH Clinical Anesthesia Procedures, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals.
Important advances in the history of anesthesia changed the specialty forever. The discovery of surgical anesthesia was a recent development in 1846.
We advance the safety and quality of anesthesia care, perioperative care, and pain management in children by educating clinicians, supporting research, and fostering collaboration among clinicians, patient families, and professional organizations worldwide.. Find a way to get involved!. ...
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There are different types of anesthetics that may be used for your surgery. The decision as to which type of anesthesia that will be used will be dependent upon your personal medical history, the type of surgery you are scheduled for, your surgeons preference and your anesthesiologist. With all types of anesthesia, you will be monitored very closely. The anesthesiologist will monitor your breathing and blood oxygen level, heart rate, blood pressure, EKG and temperature. In our practice, an Anesthesiologist will always be present.
During surgery, you will be given some form of anesthesia - medication administered for the relief of pain and sensation during surgery. The type and dosage of anesthesia is determined by the anesthesiologist.
In the above link look down towards the bottom of the page. There you will see a new device used for pediatric surgery. I wonder if they would use that for the people who have extreme phobia of
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During your surgery or procedure, our team ensures that you receive exceptional care from qualified physicians who have dedicated themselves to the highest standards in pain management.. Prior to your surgery, a board-certified anesthesiologist will meet with you to discuss the type of anesthesia that will be administered and answer any questions that you may have. The surgery and your comfort level will determine what type of anesthesia is used during the surgery.. ...
Medac Anesthesia billing and Anesthesia business solutions include and financial and, revenue cycle management compliance, auditing for anesthesiologist.
... which may be performed under local anesthesia, moderate sedation, or full general anesthesia.[16] While no methods of ... If the patient chooses an interval tubal ligation, the procedure will typically be performed under general anesthesia in a ... Risks associated with surgery and anesthesia[edit]. Most tubal ligation procedures involve accessing the abdominal cavity ... Since most forms of tubal ligation require abdominal surgery under regional or general anesthesia, tubal ligation is also ...
Anesthesia oxygen masks[edit]. Anesthesia masks are face masks that are designed to administer anesthetic gases to a patient ... Anesthesia masks fit over the mouth and nose and have a double hose system. One hose carries inhaled anesthetic gas to the mask ... Anesthesia masks have 4 point head strap harnesses to securely fit on the head to hold the mask in place as the anaesthesia ... Anesthesia masks are either made of anti-static silicone or rubber, as a static electricity spark may ignite some anesthetic ...
Anesthesia for procedures on the upper abdomen *^ "Anesthesia for lower abdomen".. ,Anesthesia for procedures on the lower ... "Anesthesia for Procedures on the Upper Abdomen". Archived from the original on 2016-10-05. Retrieved 2016-10-04.. , ...
Dental anesthesia[edit]. Main article: Dental anesthesia. Dentists inject anesthetic to block sensory transmission by the ... This procedure can be done under local or general anesthesia and is very common - many people have their wisdom teeth removed ...
Anesthesia recovery[edit]. Analeptics can be used to increase the speed of recovery from propofol, remifentanil, and ... "Effect of flumazenil on recovery from anesthesia and the bispectral index after sevoflurane/fentanyl general anesthesia in ... In clinical settings, analeptics such as Doxapram have been used to help patients recover from anesthesia better, as well as ... One purpose is to help patients recover from anesthesia more efficiently. Another purpose is the management of respiratory ...
Anesthesia fetishism is a sexual fetish for anesthesia. This may include the sexual attraction to the equipment, processes, ... Edgeplay may involve obtaining and scening with various anesthesia-related paraphernalia-usually anesthesia masks for ... Anesthesia fetishism[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to ... Older-style anesthesia masks of black rubber, still in occasional use today, are one of the more common elements fetishized, ...
Post anesthesia care unit[edit]. Nurses provide extensive care to patients in the early stages of emergence from anesthetic and ... In Canada, the Canadian Nurses Association has recently added peri- or post-anesthesia nursing as a certified specialty with ... from the PreAdmission/PreOperative Phase through to the Anesthesia Phase and all of the PostAnesthesia phases) in education, ... is a nursing specialty practice area concerned with providing nursing care to patients undergoing or recovering from anesthesia ...
Anesthesia[edit]. Main articles: History of general anesthesia and History of tracheal intubation ... Modern pain control through anesthesia was discovered in the mid-19th century. Before the advent of anesthesia, surgery was a ... He was the first person to perform surgery with the aid of anesthesia, some 1600 years before the practice was adopted by ... and mandrake as anesthesia. Most of what we know of them comes from Celsus and Galen of Pergamum (Greek: Γαληνός)[16][30] ...
"This Month in Anesthesia History: March". Anesthesia History Association. Archived from the original on 2011-05-01.. ... History of Anesthesia with Emphasis on the Nurse Specialist. J.B. Lippincott. ISBN 0-8240-6525-5.. ... Anesthesia[edit]. Sodium thiopental is an ultra-short-acting barbiturate and has been used commonly in the induction phase of ... In addition to anesthesia induction, sodium thiopental was historically used to induce medical comas.[8] It has now been ...
... with anesthesia, on a patient, this time under ether anesthesia administered by Wells' colleague and competitor, William Thomas ... In 1846 he gave permission to William T.G. Morton to provide ether anesthesia while Warren performed a minor surgical procedure ... News of this first public demonstration of surgical anesthesia quickly circulated around the world. He was a founder of the New ... Warren was involved not once but twice in the earliest history of anesthesia. The first incident was a failed demonstration of ...
Anesthesia[edit]. To induce general anesthesia, propofol is the drug used nearly 100% of the time,[12]and for maintenance of ... Propofol is used today to initiate anesthesia in nearly 100% of general anesthesia cases worldwide.. ... and vecuronium mixtures designed for potential use in anesthesia and patient transport". Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 8 (4 ... "Anesthesia Medications". Veterinary Dentistry for the Small Animal Technician. Hoboken: Wiley. 2013. ISBN 9781118694800. .. ...
Anesthesia. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is the phenomenon of nausea, vomiting or retching experienced by a patient ... Gibbison, B; Spencer, R (December 2009). "Post-operative nausea and vomiting". Anesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine. 10 (12): ... On average the incidence of nausea or vomiting after general anesthesia ranges between 25 and 30% [Cohen 1994]. Nausea and ... Anesthetic strategies to prevent vomiting include using regional anesthesia whenever possible and avoiding medications that ...
Anesthesia Cardiology Medicine Disease of the cardiovascular system Cardiovascular surgery Surgery The operation of heart and ...
Morris Fishbein, M.D., ed (1976). "Anesthesia". The New Illustrated Medical and Health Encyclopedia. 1 (Home Library Edition ed ...
Bissonnette, Bruno (2010). Pediatric Anesthesia. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical. p. 1182. ISBN 9781607950936.. ...
... or anesthesia. Most of these have branched from one or other of the two camps above; for example anaesthesia developed first as ... Anesthesia & Analgesia. 116 (6): 1360-1363. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31828f2d5e. PMID 23709076.. ...
Jaap Vuyk, Elske Sitsen and Marije Reekers (2015). Miller's Anesthesia. Elsevier.. *^ Messenger DW, Murray HE, Dungey PE, van ... General Anesthesia Responsiveness. Normal to verbal stimulus. Purposeful response to verbal or tactile stimulus. Purposeful to ... Etomidate is an imidazole derivative, commonly used for the induction of general anesthesia. Effects kick in almost immediately ... "Continuum of Depth of Sedation; Definition of General Anesthesia and Levels of Sedation/Analgesia". American Society of ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 117 (3): 597. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31824a0b1c.. ...
De Menezes Lyra, Roberto (1999). "Glottis Simulator". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 88 (6): 1422-3. doi:10.1213/00000539-199906000- ...
"Anesthesia & Analgesia. 80 (1): 108. Retrieved 5 April 2011.. *^ a b Costanzo, Linda S. (2003). Physiology. Board Review Series ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia.. *^ Kranke, P.; Apfel, C.C.; Eberhart, L.H.; Georgieff, M.; Roewer, N. (2001). "The influence of a ... The first published allegations of research fraud by Fujii appeared in 2000 in a letter to the editor of the journal Anesthesia ... The editors of Anesthesia & Analgesia did not follow up on the fraud allegations against Fujii until about 2010, when its ... the editor of Anesthesia & Analgesia acknowledged that the journal's response to the allegations made in 2000 had been " ...
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 116 (6): 1360-1363. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31828f2d5e. PMID 23709076.. ...
Pediatric Anesthesia. 17 (2): 148-53. doi:10.1111/j.1460-9592.2006.02037.x. PMID 17238886. Grindlay J, Babl FE (2009). " ... Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 17 (3): 275-8. doi:10.1007/BF03004607. PMID 5512851. Packer KJ, Titel JH (1969). " ... Inhaler for supervised self-administration of inhalation anesthesia". Abbott Park, Illinois: Abbott Laboratories. Retrieved ...
ISBN 0-7817-8763-7. Clinical Anesthesia. Books.google.se. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 8 December ... Page 592 in: Cahalan, Michael D.; Barash, Paul G.; Cullen, Bruce F.; Stoelting, Robert K. (2009). Clinical Anesthesia. ... are used clinically for their synergistic effect in the management of pain and maintenance of dissociative anesthesia (sedation ...
Wawersik, Juergen (1991). "History of Anesthesia in Germany". Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 3 (3): 235-44. doi:10.1016/0952- ... rectal anesthesia, or intravenous anesthesia. While otherwise effective, these techniques did not protect the airway from ... After World War I, further advances were made in the field of intratracheal anesthesia. Among these were those made by Sir Ivan ... 2000). Anesthesia, Volume 1 (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 978-0-443-07995-5. Retrieved 6 September 2010 ...
Anesthesia Resident. Nurse Anesthetist. - You (or a family member) require major surgery so you spend hours finding the most ... "I will be administering your anesthesia.". You need to know what kind of anesthesia you will be getting. "In general anesthesia ... In regional anesthesia, your anesthesiologist makes an injection near a cluster of nerves to numb the area of your body that ... In local anesthesia, the anesthetic drug is usually injected into the tissue to numb just the specific location of your body ...
Abstract: The purpose of this exploratory qualitative study was to identify experiences or barriers that arise during the first year as Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) transition into management and; if these shared experiences can prepare future CRNA managers by providing insight into what knowledge, skills, and abilities are necessary to ensure a smooth and successful career transition. A representative sample by email and Facebook (FB) elicited 18 phone interviews of current and past Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) managers. One interviewer asked 16 questions: seven demographic and nine open-ended. Survey information was (1) transcribed, (2) reviewed and de-identified, and (3) coded for content and classical analysis by two experienced independent coders. A coding tree was developed by coders after independent and random assessment of codes with an IRR (0.93). NVivo 11 software was used to assist with analysis of codes. CRNA participants (66%) had less than five ...
Peds Anesthesia (CRNA, Pediatric) in Hospice with Nemours Childrens Health System. Apply Today. ... Discharges patients from the post-anesthesia care area and provides post-anesthesia follow-up evaluation and care as ... Graduate from a nurse anesthesia educational program that is accredited by the Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia ... administers anesthesia to patients as a qualified member of the anesthesia care team. Case assignment and oversight of the ...
... and local anesthesia for all age groups from birth to death within multiple settings, ie: operating room, labor & delivery, ... or as approved by the state board of nursing and who is authorized to provide anesthesia care including administration and ... is an advanced practice registered nurse educated in the specialty care area of anesthesia and certified according to the ...
Legibly record/document evaluations, anesthesia care notes in standard anesthesia records in hospital settings in a timely ... anesthesia induction, maintenance and emergence, c) post-anesthesia care, and d) peri-anesthetic and clinical support functions ... The stated mission of the nurse anesthesia program at Samuel Merritt University is to educate and prepare certified registered ... Master of Science in Nursing - Nurse Anesthesia Program ADA Guidelines Definitions. Samuel Merritt University affirms the ...
... all are types of anesthesia. Learn about how anesthesia reduces or blocks pain before a surgery. ... What are the types of anesthesia?. There are several different types of anesthesia:. *Local anesthesia numbs a small part of ... What are the risks of anesthesia?. Anesthesia is generally safe. But there can be risks, especially with general anesthesia, ... Types of Anesthesia (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish * What Is Anesthesia? (National Institute of General Medical Sciences) ...
... and 115 years about Meyer and Overton discovered a strong correlation between how potent a chemical anesthesia was and how well ...
Anesthesia is medicine that doctors give to make people feel comfortable when theyre having surgery, stitches, or other things ... Anesthesia. Say: ah-nus-thee-zhuh. Anesthesia is medicine that doctors and nurses give to make people feel comfortable when ... There are different types of anesthesia: general and local. General anesthesia is cool because it helps you fall asleep for a ... Local anesthesia doesnt make you fall asleep, but it numbs the area so you wont feel pain while you get stitches or minor ...
What happens when we wake up from Anesthesia?. The waking up part is no less magical. When the anesthetic gas is eliminated ... What Anesthesia Reveals To Us About Human Consciousness. Does It Have Long-Lasting Irreversible Effects?. By Madhava Setty, MD ... How does Anesthesia work?. From an Anesthesiologists point of view, we really shouldnt charge for putting someone to sleep. ... With todays medications, putting someone to sleep, or in more correct terms, inducing general anesthesia, is straightforward. ...
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template_talk:Anesthesia&oldid=669445013" ...
We administer medications and operate specialized equipment to provide anesthesia, pain management, organ protection and life ... When your child needs surgery or other medical care that requires anesthesia, our staff works to make the experience as safe ... Anesthesia Research and Education Explore projects undertaken by our world-class researchers. Additionally, learn about our ... When your child needs surgery or other medical care that requires anesthesia, our staff works to make the experience as safe ...
Etymology of "anesthesia"[edit]. The word "anesthesia", coined by Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809-1894) in 1846 from the Greek ἀν- ... Corssen, G; Domino, EF; Sweet, RB (November-December 1964). "Neuroleptanalgesia and Anesthesia". Anesthesia & Analgesia. 43 (6 ... c. 1020, Ibn Sīnā (980-1037) described the use of inhaled anesthesia in The Canon of Medicine.[citation needed] The Canon ... rectal anesthesia, or intravenous anesthesia. While otherwise effective, these techniques did not protect the airway from ...
Department of Anesthesia Albert Moore Fellowship Program Director Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesia Giuseppe Fuda ... Department of Anesthesia Academic Affairs Academic Affairs (Undergraduate, Graduate & Research Studies) Natalie Buu Post- ... MUHC Chairman McGill University Department of Anesthesia Caroline Goyer Associate Chair, Clinical Affairs Assistant Professor, ... Graduate Education Program Director Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesia Paul Wieczorek Continuing Medical Education ...
Conscious sedation, otherwise known as alert anesthesia or moderate sedation, is a black box in more ways than one, says Dr. ... "When anesthesia was first developed in the early 1800s, 50 percent [of patients] died because of the anesthesia. The [mortality ... Gross says, "but the problems are that it is easy for a patient to slide into a state of general anesthesia, and it is a wicked ... Conscious sedation, otherwise known as alert anesthesia or moderate sedation, is a black box in more ways than one, says Dr. ...
Her interests include anesthesia for the geriatric patient, cognitive dysfunction following anesthesia, and emergency ... Will I obtain experience in regional anesthesia?. The Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs ... Cardiovascular Physiology & Pathophysiology For Nurse Anesthesia Practice (3) Nurse Anesthesia Care for Patients with ... All nurse anesthesia courses must be completed at BC.. *I am currently working at a hospital that will allow me to go there for ...
Obstetric Anesthesia: Hiroyuki Sumikura, Tokyo. ICU & Emergency Medicine:. Moritoki Egi, Kobe. Respiratory Medicine:. Kanji ... Regional Anesthesia:. Kunihisa Hotta, Shimotsuke. Cardiovascular Medicine:. Naoyuki Hirata, Sapporo. Clinical Monitoring:. ... Pediatric Anesthesia:. Kazuyoshi Aoyama, Toronto. Neuroscience:. Tetsuya Kushikata, Hirosaki. Clinical Pharmacology:. Takashi ...
Anesthesias Default Costume for changing clothes. There are no refunds for this item. For more information, see www.xbox.com/ ... Anesthesias Default Costume for changing clothes. There are no refunds for this item. For more information, see www.xbox.com/ ... http://marketplace.xbox.com/en-US/Product/Anesthesias-Costume/00000000-0000-400c-80cf-00284b4e07d1?cid=SLink Click to create ...
Anesthesia) Pulling Teeth is the fifth song from Metallicas first album Killem all which was released in 1983 P.S - R.I.P ... Mix - Metallica - (Anesthesia) Pulling Teeth (HD)YouTube. * Metallica : Cliff Burton - Bass Solo - Anesthesia (Pulling Teeth) ... Anesthesia) Pulling Teeth is the fifth song from Metallicas first album Killem all which was released in 1983 P.S - R.I.P ... Anesthesia)--Pulling Teeth (Remastered) by Metallica Listen ad-free with YouTube Red ...
acetylcholine Acta action potential activity adenylate cyclase agonist alcohols alter anesthesia Anesthesiology anesthetic ... Molecular Mechanisms of Anesthesia. Volume 2 of Progress in anesthesiology, ISSN 0099-1546. ... books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Molecular_Mechanisms_of_Anesthesia.html?id=_WBb0Uo0NIkC&utm_source=gb- ... 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Molecular_Mechanisms_of_Anesthesia.html?id=_WBb0Uo0NIkC ...
1986 Year Book acute administration airway Analg analgesia Anesth anesthesia Anesthesiology anesthetic assessed atracurium ... The Year Book of Anesthesia: 1989. Robert R. Kirby,Ronald D. Miller. Snippet view - 1989. ... books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Year_Book_of_Anesthesia.html?id=4TwXAQAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareYear ... 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Year_Book_of_Anesthesia.html?id=4TwXAQAAMAAJ ...
... obstetric regional anesthesia; pediatric regional anesthesia; ophthalmic regional anesthesia; and treatment of acute and ... Complications of Regional Anesthesia. Principles of Safe Practice in Local and Regional Anesthesia. ... Complications of Regional Anesthesia, with its newly added subtitle, Principles of Safe Practice in Local and Regional ... Complications of Regional Anesthesia: Upper and Lower Extremity Blockade Stephen Choi, Patrick B. Y. Wong, Kristen Gadbois, ...
anesthetic: General anesthetics: …as conscious sedation (also called procedural sedation). This semiconscious or drowsy state can be induced when the drugs are administered in relatively small doses. Conscious sedation typically is used for outpatient diagnostic or minor surgical procedures, such as dental procedures, laceration repair, or endoscopy. Examples of drugs used for procedural…
... postdoctoral fellow or clinical fellow training within the McGill Anesthesia Department may submit a completed manuscript that ... The14th Kresimir Krnjevic Research Award for Anesthesia Trainees 14th_krnjevic_award2016.docx ATTENTION: Clinical Fellow, Post- ... Department of Anesthesia. c/o Royal Victoria Hospital. 1001 boulevard Décarie, C05.2756. Montreal, QC H4A 3J1. Tel: 514-934- ... Department of Anesthesia. McGill University Health Centre Glen Site, Royal Victoria Hospital. 1001 Boulevard Decarie. Room ...
The definitive up-to-date clinical reference on neonatal anesthesia Edited and written by world-class experts in anesthesia, ... The definitive up-to-date clinical reference on neonatal anesthesia. *Edited and written by world-class experts in anesthesia, ... Perioperative focus on the safe delivery of anesthesia and sedation, pain prevention and management to surgical anesthesia ... Neonatal Anesthesia. Editors. * Jerrold Lerman Copyright. 2015. Publisher. Springer-Verlag New York. Copyright Holder. Springer ...
General anesthesia is treatment with certain medicines that puts you into a deep sleep so you do not feel pain during surgery. ... General anesthesia is usually safe for healthy people. You may have a higher risk of problems with general anesthesia if you:. ... General anesthesia is treatment with certain medicines that puts you into a deep sleep so you do not feel pain during surgery. ... This is to prevent you from vomiting while you are under the effect of the anesthesia. Vomiting can cause food in the stomach ...
  • Here we hypothesize that caffeine is able to accelerate emergence from anesthesia in humans and may represent a useful adjunct to modern anesthesiology. (medscape.com)
  • The mission of SASM is to advance standards of care for clinical problems shared by Anesthesiology and Sleep Medicine, including perioperative management of sleep disordered breathing, and to promote interdisciplinary communication, education and research in matters common to anesthesia and sleep. (lww.com)
  • Anesthesia Progress is the official publication of the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology (ADSA). (prweb.com)
  • At the Stanford sites, fellows' educational objectives in regional anesthesiology focus on mastering the techniques and management of basic and advanced regional anesthesia procedures, teaching residents on their regional anesthesia rotations, and coordinating the care of surgical patients who receive nerve block procedures through consultation with all members of the perioperative team. (stanford.edu)
  • The Stanford rotations also expose fellows to specialized experiences in pediatric regional anesthesiology as well as regional anesthesia for trauma patients. (stanford.edu)
  • Other medicines may be used along with anesthesia, such as ones to help you relax or to reverse the effects of anesthesia. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • But while researchers are able to separate out the effects of anesthesia on animals by exposing them only to anesthesia, they cannot do the same in children, making it difficult to determine whether ADHD is related to the anesthetic drugs, to the specific procedures, or to other medical conditions. (go.com)
  • The purpose of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia is to continually advance the safety and quality of anesthetic care, perioperative management, and alleviation of pain in children. (lww.com)
  • Recent legislative and regulatory issues related to anesthesia delivery have focused on challenging the team delivery model, adopting pediatric considerations and amending mandatory equipment requirements to require the use of capnography. (aaoms.org)
  • See the Pediatric Anesthesia Conference (PAC) link for details. (sickkids.ca)
  • The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) is hosting the biennial Pediatric Anesthesia Conference (PAC), This conference is geared towards paediatric anesthesiologists, anesthesiologists who periodically work with children, anesthesia trainees and allied health care professionals. (sickkids.ca)
  • 1 hour lectures covering major topics in pediatric anesthesia, simulation and board review. (stanford.edu)
  • Pediatric Anesthesia is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by John Wiley and Sons covering research on the use of anesthetics in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2019 Northwest States Anesthesia Conference, October 11-13 at the historic Davenport Hotel in Spokane, WA. (constantcontact.com)
  • Most times, a doctor called an anesthesiologist will give you the anesthesia. (medlineplus.gov)
  • He or she will give you the anesthesia and closely monitor you. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Any graduate student, resident, postdoctoral fellow or clinical fellow training within the McGill Anesthesia Department may submit a completed manuscript that has been published or is in press, submitted, or ready to be submitted for publication. (mcgill.ca)
  • A large percentage of this population will require anesthesia for surgical, diagnostic and interventional procedures either in elective or emergency settings. (springer.com)
  • Although anesthesia and surgical techniques have improved significantly, anesthesia related morbidity and mortality is still high in this vulnerable population. (springer.com)
  • Anesthesia is a group of medical treatments that allow surgical procedures to be performed safely, effectively and comfortably. (massgeneral.org)
  • [ 9 ] Many factors affect the surgical outcomes, one of which is the choice of suitable anesthesia approach. (medscape.com)
  • NXP ® technology in anesthesia machines helps surgical teams monitor and control the delivery of anesthetic drugs to patients with extreme precision. (nxp.com)
  • One of our anesthesiologists was on 'Standby Anesthesia' for a surgical case that ended up not needing anesthesia. (aapc.com)
  • Anesthesia is administered to a surgical patient at City of Hope National Medical Center in Duarte, Calif. A team at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston says it has had been able to use EEGs to identify signatures of loss and recovery of consciousness under the anesthesia drug propofol. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Preparing a child for anesthesia can help lower their anxiety, make them more cooperative and help them develop coping skills. (cancer.ca)
  • The purpose of anesthesia can be distilled down to three basic goals or end points: hypnosis (a temporary loss of consciousness and with it a loss of memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • The delivery of anesthesia in the OMS office is regulated by state boards of dentistry, which stipulate prerequisite training, staffing and facility requirements. (aaoms.org)
  • The Society for Technology in Anesthesia (STA) is an international organization of physicians, engineers, students and others with an interest in anesthesia-related technologies. (lww.com)
  • How much do Associates In Anesthesia employees make? (glassdoor.com)
  • 20 Associates In Anesthesia employees have shared their salaries on Glassdoor. (glassdoor.com)
  • Select your job title and find out how much you could make at Associates In Anesthesia. (glassdoor.com)
  • See Associates In Anesthesia Hourly Pay or Associates In Anesthesia Bonuses . (glassdoor.com)
  • Work at Associates In Anesthesia? (glassdoor.com)
  • This title presents essential clinical knowledge in cardiac anesthesia in a practical, user-friendly format. (worldcat.org)
  • Provides the key cardiac anesthesia information you need to know by authorities you trust. (worldcat.org)
  • This title is suitable those clinicians who would like an economical yet dependable resource in cardiac anesthesia. (worldcat.org)
  • As experts in operating room safety and efficiency, certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs) provide anesthesia care before, during, and after surgery, helping to ensure the best possible outcomes. (bc.edu)
  • Did you also provide anesthesia for labor? (aapc.com)
  • When your child needs surgery or other medical care that requires anesthesia, our staff works to make the experience as safe and comfortable as possible. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • The choice of technique depends on the area of the ear that requires anesthesia. (medscape.com)
  • Who Provides Anesthesia? (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • The ring block, shown in the image below, provides anesthesia to the entire ear, excluding the concha and external auditory canal. (medscape.com)
  • The Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology (SOAP) was founded in 1968 to provide a forum for discussion of problems unique to the peripartum period. (lww.com)
  • Chestnut and his 79 expert contributors have once again released a current guide to obstetric anesthesia that proves useful to both junior learners and subspecialty providers. (elsevier.com)
  • Delivers contributions from many leaders in the fields of obstetric anesthesia and maternal-fetal medicine from all over the world. (elsevier.com)
  • Rhinoplasty is performed all over the world with multiple different anesthesia options available. (slideshare.net)
  • A technique for inhalation anesthesia in which valves exhaust all exhaled air from the circuit. (dictionary.com)
  • The Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia is one of the fastest growing anesthesia organizations, responding to the education and research needs of perioperative physicians practicing ambulatory anesthesia. (lww.com)
  • Intravenous caffeine is able to accelerate emergence from isoflurane anesthesia in healthy males without any apparent adverse effects. (medscape.com)
  • The International Society for Anaesthetic Pharmacology (formerly the Society for Intravenous Anesthesia) is a nonprofit organization with an international membership, which is dedicated to teaching and research about clinical pharmacology in anesthesia, with particular reference to anesthetic drugs. (lww.com)
  • Using a mask with anesthesia air, your child will fall asleep and then receive an intravenous line (IV) after they are asleep. (childrens.com)
  • The preoperative average marginal reflex distance (MRD1) in the local, general, and sedative anesthesia groups was 0.90, 0.35, and 0.47 mm, respectively. (medscape.com)
  • Approximately one hour prior to induction of anesthesia in preoperative holding area all enrolled subjects will receive PO Acetaminophen 650 mg, the Gabapentin group will receive PO Gabapentin 1200 mg, while the Control group will receive PO Placebo, with a small amount of water. (centerwatch.com)
  • Anesthesia & Analgesia126(3):1090-1091, March 2018. (lww.com)
  • This 36-month, full-time program is accredited by the Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs and is a collaborative effort with the Associated Physicians of Harvard Medical Faculty Physicians. (bc.edu)
  • A practicing CRNA since 1986, Susan Emery developed and now directs the nurse anesthesia program at Boston College. (bc.edu)
  • The full-time, 100-credit curriculum over 36 months (May start) provides students with core and specialty theory courses and a structured practicum, all of which follow the standards of the Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs. (bc.edu)
  • Founded in 1966, KU's program has produced a consistently high level of outstanding clinicians, educators and leaders in the nurse anesthesia profession. (kumc.edu)
  • As one of only two nurse anesthesia programs in the state of Kansas, KU plays a vital role in ensuring anesthesia care is available across the state, especially in rural areas. (kumc.edu)
  • Certified registered nurse anesthetists comprise 70% of all anesthesia providers in Kansas and 83 percent of the hospitals in Kansas rely exclusively on CRNAs for anesthesia care. (kumc.edu)
  • Nurse anesthesia is one of many academic programs of the KU School of Health Professions and is located on the campus of the KU Medical Center in Kansas City, Kan. (kumc.edu)
  • Knowledge of the policies and information in the GIG, A-State Nurse Anesthesia Student Handbook and A-State Graduate Bulletin are required following admission. (astate.edu)
  • A-State Nurse Anesthesia Program does not accept Emergency Room, Post-Anesthesia Care Unit, Operating Room or Obstetrical - Labor & Delivery Unit experience . (astate.edu)
  • Anesthesiologists may also direct Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists or Anesthesiologist Assistants as part of the Anesthesia Care Team. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • In the Anesthesia Care Team model, the anesthesiologist works with either nurse anesthetists or anesthesiologist assistants in a supervisory manner. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Murray State University/Baptist Health Madisonville Program of Anesthesia DNP program is accredited by the Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs. (murraystate.edu)