A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.
A form of anemia in which the bone marrow fails to produce adequate numbers of peripheral blood elements.
A condition of inadequate circulating red blood cells (ANEMIA) or insufficient HEMOGLOBIN due to premature destruction of red blood cells (ERYTHROCYTES).
Congenital disorder affecting all bone marrow elements, resulting in ANEMIA; LEUKOPENIA; and THROMBOPENIA, and associated with cardiac, renal, and limb malformations as well as dermal pigmentary changes. Spontaneous CHROMOSOME BREAKAGE is a feature of this disease along with predisposition to LEUKEMIA. There are at least 7 complementation groups in Fanconi anemia: FANCA, FANCB, FANCC, FANCD1, FANCD2, FANCE, FANCF, FANCG, and FANCL. (from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/dispomim.cgi?id=227650, August 20, 2004)
Acquired hemolytic anemia due to the presence of AUTOANTIBODIES which agglutinate or lyse the patient's own RED BLOOD CELLS.
Anemia characterized by a decrease in the ratio of the weight of hemoglobin to the volume of the erythrocyte, i.e., the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration is less than normal. The individual cells contain less hemoglobin than they could have under optimal conditions. Hypochromic anemia may be caused by iron deficiency from a low iron intake, diminished iron absorption, or excessive iron loss. It can also be caused by infections or other diseases, therapeutic drugs, lead poisoning, and other conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Miale, Laboratory Medicine: Hematology, 6th ed, p393)
Anemia characterized by larger than normal erythrocytes, increased mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and increased mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH).
A megaloblastic anemia occurring in children but more commonly in later life, characterized by histamine-fast achlorhydria, in which the laboratory and clinical manifestations are based on malabsorption of vitamin B 12 due to a failure of the gastric mucosa to secrete adequate and potent intrinsic factor. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.
Anemia characterized by the presence of erythroblasts containing excessive deposits of iron in the marrow.
A disorder characterized by the presence of ANEMIA, abnormally large red blood cells (megalocytes or macrocytes), and MEGALOBLASTS.
A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus equine lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, EQUINE), causing acute and chronic infection in horses. It is transmitted mechanically by biting flies, mosquitoes, and midges, and iatrogenically through unsterilized equipment. Chronic infection often consists of acute episodes with remissions.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
A severe sometimes chronic anemia, usually macrocytic in type, that does not respond to ordinary antianemic therapy.
Hemolytic anemia due to various intrinsic defects of the erythrocyte.
Viral disease of horses caused by the equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV; INFECTIOUS ANEMIA VIRUS, EQUINE). It is characterized by intermittent fever, weakness, and anemia. Chronic infection consists of acute episodes with remissions.
Glycoprotein hormone, secreted chiefly by the KIDNEY in the adult and the LIVER in the FETUS, that acts on erythroid stem cells of the BONE MARROW to stimulate proliferation and differentiation.
The type species of GYROVIRUS, a small, non-enveloped DNA virus originally isolated from contaminated vaccines in Japan. It causes chicken infectious anemia and may possibly play a key role in hemorrhagic anemia syndrome, anemia dermatitis, and blue wing disease.
A familial disorder characterized by ANEMIA with multinuclear ERYTHROBLASTS, karyorrhexis, asynchrony of nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation, and various nuclear abnormalities of bone marrow erythrocyte precursors (ERYTHROID PRECURSOR CELLS). Type II is the most common of the 3 types; it is often referred to as HEMPAS, based on the Hereditary Erythroblast Multinuclearity with Positive Acidified Serum test.
A rare congenital hypoplastic anemia that usually presents early in infancy. The disease is characterized by a moderate to severe macrocytic anemia, occasional neutropenia or thrombocytosis, a normocellular bone marrow with erythroid hypoplasia, and an increased risk of developing leukemia. (Curr Opin Hematol 2000 Mar;7(2):85-94)
A diverse group of proteins whose genetic MUTATIONS have been associated with the chromosomal instability syndrome FANCONI ANEMIA. Many of these proteins play important roles in protecting CELLS against OXIDATIVE STRESS.
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a blood disease (HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES) which involves BLOOD CELLS or COAGULATION FACTORS. The hematologic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
The mildest form of erythroblastosis fetalis in which anemia is the chief manifestation.
Agents which improve the quality of the blood, increasing the hemoglobin level and the number of erythrocytes. They are used in the treatment of anemias.
Chronic refractory anemia with granulocytopenia, and/or thrombocytopenia. Myeloblasts and progranulocytes constitute 5 to 40 percent of the nucleated marrow cells.
A Fanconi anemia complementation group protein that regulates the activities of CYTOCHROME P450 REDUCTASE and GLUTATHIONE S-TRANSFERASE. It is found predominately in the CYTOPLASM, but moves to the CELL NUCLEUS in response to FANCE PROTEIN.
A Fanconi anemia complementation group protein that undergoes mono-ubiquitination by FANCL PROTEIN in response to DNA DAMAGE. Also, in response to IONIZING RADIATION it can undergo PHOSPHORYLATION by ataxia telangiectasia mutated protein. Modified FANCD2 interacts with BRCA2 PROTEIN in a stable complex with CHROMATIN, and it is involved in DNA REPAIR by homologous RECOMBINATION.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
A Fanconi anemia complementation group protein that is the most commonly mutated protein in FANCONI ANEMIA. It undergoes PHOSPHORYLATION by PROTEIN KINASE B and forms a complex with FANCC PROTEIN in the CELL NUCLEUS.
The production of red blood cells (ERYTHROCYTES). In humans, erythrocytes are produced by the YOLK SAC in the first trimester; by the liver in the second trimester; by the BONE MARROW in the third trimester and after birth. In normal individuals, the erythrocyte count in the peripheral blood remains relatively constant implying a balance between the rate of erythrocyte production and rate of destruction.
Any one of a group of congenital hemolytic anemias in which there is no abnormal hemoglobin or spherocytosis and in which there is a defect of glycolysis in the erythrocyte. Common causes include deficiencies in GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE ISOMERASE; PYRUVATE KINASE; and GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE.
A clinical manifestation consisting of an unnatural paleness of the skin.
The number of RED BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD.
Iron-containing proteins that are widely distributed in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Their major function is to store IRON in a nontoxic bioavailable form. Each ferritin molecule consists of ferric iron in a hollow protein shell (APOFERRITINS) made of 24 subunits of various sequences depending on the species and tissue types.
ERYTHROCYTE size and HEMOGLOBIN content or concentration, usually derived from ERYTHROCYTE COUNT; BLOOD hemoglobin concentration; and HEMATOCRIT. The indices include the mean corpuscular volume (MCV), the mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC).
Measurement of hemoglobin concentration in blood.
The introduction of whole blood or blood component directly into the blood stream. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.
A Fanconi anemia complementation group protein that undergoes PHOSPHORYLATION by CDC2 PROTEIN KINASE during MITOSIS. It forms a complex with other FANCONI ANEMIA PROTEINS and helps protect CELLS from DNA DAMAGE by genotoxic agents.
A test to detect non-agglutinating ANTIBODIES against ERYTHROCYTES by use of anti-antibodies (the Coombs' reagent.) The direct test is applied to freshly drawn blood to detect antibody bound to circulating red cells. The indirect test is applied to serum to detect the presence of antibodies that can bind to red blood cells.
The number of RETICULOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. The values are expressed as a percentage of the ERYTHROCYTE COUNT or in the form of an index ("corrected reticulocyte index"), which attempts to account for the number of circulating erythrocytes.
Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.
Organic and inorganic compounds that contain iron as an integral part of the molecule.
Forms of hepcidin, a cationic amphipathic peptide synthesized in the liver as a prepropeptide which is first processed into prohepcidin and then into the biologically active hepcidin forms, including in human the 20-, 22-, and 25-amino acid residue peptide forms. Hepcidin acts as a homeostatic regulators of iron metabolism and also possesses antimicrobial activity.
Oxygen-carrying RED BLOOD CELLS in mammalian blood that are abnormal in structure or function.
The transfer of erythrocytes from a donor to a recipient or reinfusion to the donor.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 12 in the diet, characterized by megaloblastic anemia. Since vitamin B 12 is not present in plants, humans have obtained their supply from animal products, from multivitamin supplements in the form of pills, and as additives to food preparations. A wide variety of neuropsychiatric abnormalities is also seen in vitamin B 12 deficiency and appears to be due to an undefined defect involving myelin synthesis. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p848)
The senescence of RED BLOOD CELLS. Lacking the organelles that make protein synthesis possible, the mature erythrocyte is incapable of self-repair, reproduction, and carrying out certain functions performed by other cells. This limits the average life span of an erythrocyte to 120 days.
The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.
A disorder characterized by reduced synthesis of the beta chains of hemoglobin. There is retardation of hemoglobin A synthesis in the heterozygous form (thalassemia minor), which is asymptomatic, while in the homozygous form (thalassemia major, Cooley's anemia, Mediterranean anemia, erythroblastic anemia), which can result in severe complications and even death, hemoglobin A synthesis is absent.
A genus in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE containing one species: Infectious salmon anemia virus.
Deficiency of all three cell elements of the blood, erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets.
A group of hereditary hemolytic anemias in which there is decreased synthesis of one or more hemoglobin polypeptide chains. There are several genetic types with clinical pictures ranging from barely detectable hematologic abnormality to severe and fatal anemia.
A Fanconi anemia complementation group protein. It is an essential component of a nuclear core complex that protects the GENOME against CHROMOSOMAL INSTABILITY. It interacts directly with FANCG PROTEIN and helps stabilize a complex with FANCA PROTEIN and FANCC PROTEIN.
Diazo derivatives of aniline, used as a reagent for sugars, ketones, and aldehydes. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A Fanconi anemia complementation group protein that interacts with FANCC PROTEIN and FANCD2 PROTEIN. It promotes the accumulation of FANCC protein in the CELL NUCLEUS.
The major component of hemoglobin in the fetus. This HEMOGLOBIN has two alpha and two gamma polypeptide subunits in comparison to normal adult hemoglobin, which has two alpha and two beta polypeptide subunits. Fetal hemoglobin concentrations can be elevated (usually above 0.5%) in children and adults affected by LEUKEMIA and several types of ANEMIA.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
The number of LEUKOCYTES and ERYTHROCYTES per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD. A complete blood count (CBC) also includes measurement of the HEMOGLOBIN; HEMATOCRIT; and ERYTHROCYTE INDICES.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of FOLIC ACID in the diet. Many plant and animal tissues contain folic acid, abundant in green leafy vegetables, yeast, liver, and mushrooms but destroyed by long-term cooking. Alcohol interferes with its intermediate metabolism and absorption. Folic acid deficiency may develop in long-term anticonvulsant therapy or with use of oral contraceptives. This deficiency causes anemia, macrocytic anemia, and megaloblastic anemia. It is indistinguishable from vitamin B 12 deficiency in peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, but the neurologic lesions seen in B 12 deficiency do not occur. (Merck Manual, 16th ed)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A cobalt-containing coordination compound produced by intestinal micro-organisms and found also in soil and water. Higher plants do not concentrate vitamin B 12 from the soil and so are a poor source of the substance as compared with animal tissues. INTRINSIC FACTOR is important for the assimilation of vitamin B 12.
Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.
Enlargement of the spleen.
Immature, nucleated ERYTHROCYTES occupying the stage of ERYTHROPOIESIS that follows formation of ERYTHROID PRECURSOR CELLS and precedes formation of RETICULOCYTES. The normal series is called normoblasts. Cells called MEGALOBLASTS are a pathologic series of erythroblasts.
RED BLOOD CELL sensitivity to change in OSMOTIC PRESSURE. When exposed to a hypotonic concentration of sodium in a solution, red cells take in more water, swell until the capacity of the cell membrane is exceeded, and burst.
Immature ERYTHROCYTES. In humans, these are ERYTHROID CELLS that have just undergone extrusion of their CELL NUCLEUS. They still contain some organelles that gradually decrease in number as the cells mature. RIBOSOMES are last to disappear. Certain staining techniques cause components of the ribosomes to precipitate into characteristic "reticulum" (not the same as the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM), hence the name reticulocytes.
Serum containing GAMMA-GLOBULINS which are antibodies for lymphocyte ANTIGENS. It is used both as a test for HISTOCOMPATIBILITY and therapeutically in TRANSPLANTATION.
The presence of parasites (especially malarial parasites) in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Inorganic or organic compounds that contain divalent iron.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
An excessive accumulation of iron in the body due to a greater than normal absorption of iron from the gastrointestinal tract or from parenteral injection. This may arise from idiopathic hemochromatosis, excessive iron intake, chronic alcoholism, certain types of refractory anemia, or transfusional hemosiderosis. (From Churchill's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 1989)
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
An antineoplastic antibiotic produced by Streptomyces caespitosus. It is one of the bi- or tri-functional ALKYLATING AGENTS causing cross-linking of DNA and inhibition of DNA synthesis.
Abnormal intracellular inclusions, composed of denatured hemoglobin, found on the membrane of red blood cells. They are seen in thalassemias, enzymopathies, hemoglobinopathies, and after splenectomy.
Infection of humans or animals with hookworms other than those caused by the genus Ancylostoma or Necator, for which the specific terms ANCYLOSTOMIASIS and NECATORIASIS are available.
Membrane glycoproteins found in high concentrations on iron-utilizing cells. They specifically bind iron-bearing transferrin, are endocytosed with its ligand and then returned to the cell surface where transferrin without its iron is released.
A group of inherited disorders characterized by structural alterations within the hemoglobin molecule.
A subnormal level of BLOOD PLATELETS.
An abnormal hemoglobin resulting from the substitution of valine for glutamic acid at position 6 of the beta chain of the globin moiety. The heterozygous state results in sickle cell trait, the homozygous in sickle cell anemia.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A glycoprotein secreted by the cells of the GASTRIC GLANDS that is required for the absorption of VITAMIN B 12 (cyanocobalamin). Deficiency of intrinsic factor leads to VITAMIN B 12 DEFICIENCY and ANEMIA, PERNICIOUS.
A disorder characterized by reduced synthesis of the alpha chains of hemoglobin. The severity of this condition can vary from mild anemia to death, depending on the number of genes deleted.
A group of familial congenital hemolytic anemias characterized by numerous abnormally shaped erythrocytes which are generally spheroidal. The erythrocytes have increased osmotic fragility and are abnormally permeable to sodium ions.
The process by which fetal Rh+ erythrocytes enter the circulation of an Rh- mother, causing her to produce IMMUNOGLOBULIN G antibodies, which can cross the placenta and destroy the erythrocytes of Rh+ fetuses. Rh isoimmunization can also be caused by BLOOD TRANSFUSION with mismatched blood.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Small cationic peptides that are an important component, in most species, of early innate and induced defenses against invading microbes. In animals they are found on mucosal surfaces, within phagocytic granules, and on the surface of the body. They are also found in insects and plants. Among others, this group includes the DEFENSINS, protegrins, tachyplesins, and thionins. They displace DIVALENT CATIONS from phosphate groups of MEMBRANE LIPIDS leading to disruption of the membrane.
The destruction of ERYTHROCYTES by many different causal agents such as antibodies, bacteria, chemicals, temperature, and changes in tonicity.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The cells in the erythroid series derived from MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS or from the bi-potential MEGAKARYOCYTE-ERYTHROID PROGENITOR CELLS which eventually give rise to mature RED BLOOD CELLS. The erythroid progenitor cells develop in two phases: erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E) followed by erythroid colony-forming units (CFU-E); BFU-E differentiate into CFU-E on stimulation by ERYTHROPOIETIN, and then further differentiate into ERYTHROBLASTS when stimulated by other factors.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Agents used to prevent or reverse the pathological events leading to sickling of erythrocytes in sickle cell conditions.
The type species of ERYTHROVIRUS and the etiological agent of ERYTHEMA INFECTIOSUM, a disease most commonly seen in school-age children.
A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (POACEAE). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia.
The persistent eating of nonnutritive substances for a period of at least one month. (DSM-IV)
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Hemoglobins characterized by structural alterations within the molecule. The alteration can be either absence, addition or substitution of one or more amino acids in the globin part of the molecule at selected positions in the polypeptide chains.
Virus infections caused by the PARVOVIRIDAE.
A condition characterized by the recurrence of HEMOGLOBINURIA caused by intravascular HEMOLYSIS. In cases occurring upon cold exposure (paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria), usually after infections, there is a circulating antibody which is also a cold hemolysin. In cases occurring during or after sleep (paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria), the clonal hematopoietic stem cells exhibit a global deficiency of cell membrane proteins.
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Surgical procedure involving either partial or entire removal of the spleen.
A disease-producing enzyme deficiency subject to many variants, some of which cause a deficiency of GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE activity in erythrocytes, leading to hemolytic anemia.
Disorders of the blood and blood forming tissues.
An iron-binding beta1-globulin that is synthesized in the LIVER and secreted into the blood. It plays a central role in the transport of IRON throughout the circulation. A variety of transferrin isoforms exist in humans, including some that are considered markers for specific disease states.
An increase in circulating RETICULOCYTES, which is among the simplest and most reliable signs of accelerated ERYTHROCYTE production. Reticulocytosis occurs during active BLOOD regeneration (stimulation of red bone marrow) and in certain types of ANEMIA, particularly CONGENITAL HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA.
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
Tests used in the analysis of the hemic system.
The condition of being heterozygous for hemoglobin S.
A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
In utero transfusion of BLOOD into the FETUS for the treatment of FETAL DISEASES, such as fetal erythroblastosis (ERYTHROBLASTOSIS, FETAL).
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
An enzyme of the transferase class that catalyzes condensation of the succinyl group from succinyl coenzyme A with glycine to form delta-aminolevulinate. It is a pyridoxyal phosphate protein and the reaction occurs in mitochondria as the first step of the heme biosynthetic pathway. The enzyme is a key regulatory enzyme in heme biosynthesis. In liver feedback is inhibited by heme. EC
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Increased numbers of platelets in the peripheral blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A synthetic hormone with anabolic and androgenic properties. It is used mainly in the treatment of anemias. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002), this compound may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
An abnormal hemoglobin that results from the substitution of lysine for glutamic acid at position 26 of the beta chain. It is most frequently observed in southeast Asian populations.
Suppression of erythropoiesis with little or no abnormality of leukocyte or platelet production.
A sugar acid derived from D-glucose in which both the aldehydic carbon atom and the carbon atom bearing the primary hydroxyl group are oxidized to carboxylic acid groups.
The development and formation of various types of BLOOD CELLS. Hematopoiesis can take place in the BONE MARROW (medullary) or outside the bone marrow (HEMATOPOIESIS, EXTRAMEDULLARY).
The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.
A condition characterized by the abnormal presence of ERYTHROBLASTS in the circulation of the FETUS or NEWBORNS. It is a disorder due to BLOOD GROUP INCOMPATIBILITY, such as the maternal alloimmunization by fetal antigen RH FACTORS leading to HEMOLYSIS of ERYTHROCYTES, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), general edema (HYDROPS FETALIS), and SEVERE JAUNDICE IN NEWBORN.
Porphyrins with four methyl, two vinyl, and two propionic acid side chains attached to the pyrrole rings. Protoporphyrin IX occurs in hemoglobin, myoglobin, and most of the cytochromes.
Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.
Agents that suppress immune function by one of several mechanisms of action. Classical cytotoxic immunosuppressants act by inhibiting DNA synthesis. Others may act through activation of T-CELLS or by inhibiting the activation of HELPER CELLS. While immunosuppression has been brought about in the past primarily to prevent rejection of transplanted organs, new applications involving mediation of the effects of INTERLEUKINS and other CYTOKINES are emerging.
Stable iron atoms that have the same atomic number as the element iron, but differ in atomic weight. Fe-54, 57, and 58 are stable iron isotopes.
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Removal of bone marrow and evaluation of its histologic picture.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.

Diagnosing anaemia in pregnancy in rural clinics: assessing the potential of the Haemoglobin Colour Scale. (1/4177)

Anaemia in pregnancy is a common and severe problem in many developing countries. Because of lack of resources and staff motivation, screening for anaemia is often solely by clinical examination of the conjunctiva or is not carried out at all. A new colour scale for the estimation of haemoglobin concentration has been developed by WHO. The present study compares the results obtained using the new colour scale on 729 women visiting rural antenatal clinics in Malawi with those obtained by HemoCue haemoglobinometer and electronic Coulter Counter and with the assessment of anaemia by clinical examination of the conjunctiva. Sensitivity using the colour scale was consistently better than for conjunctival inspection alone and interobserver agreement and agreement with Coulter Counter measurements was good. The Haemoglobin Colour Scale is simple to use, well accepted, cheap and gives immediate results. It shows considerable potential for use in screening for anaemia in antenatal clinics in settings where resources are limited.  (+info)

'Common' uncommon anemias. (2/4177)

Of the uncommon anemias, "common" types include the anemia of renal disease, thalassemia, myelodysplastic syndrome and the anemia of chronic disease. These conditions may be suggested by the clinical presentation, laboratory test values and peripheral blood smear, or by failure of the anemia to respond to iron supplements or nutrient replacement. The principal cause of the anemia of renal disease is a decreased production of red blood cells related to a relative deficiency of erythropoietin. When treatment is required, erythropoietin is administered, often with iron supplementation. In the anemia of chronic disease, impaired iron transport decreases red blood cell production. Treatment is predominantly directed at the underlying condition. Since iron stores are usually normal, iron administration is not beneficial. Thalassemia minor results from a congenital abnormality of hemoglobin synthesis. The disorder may masquerade as mild iron deficiency anemia, but iron therapy and transfusions are often not indicated. In the myelodysplastic syndrome, blood cell components fail to mature, and the condition may progress to acute nonlymphocytic leukemia. The rate of progression depends on the subtype of myelodysplasia, but the leukemia is usually resistant to therapy.  (+info)

Anaemia in the patient with renal insufficiency: documenting the impact and reviewing treatment strategies. (3/4177)

This paper attempts to present a context in which nephrologists can re-evaluate definitions of acceptable haemoglobin levels in renal populations, and re-examine previous notions about the impact of relative and absolute anaemia on patients with progressive renal insufficiency. Also, the nephrology community needs to examine rigorously treatment strategies aimed at reversing anaemia specifically in this population. Data are presented to support the notion that anaemia is disadvantageous to the patients with progressive renal insufficiency, and does need to be treated. The ongoing poor prognosis of patients receiving renal replacement therapy may well be due to our previous inattention to this correctable cause of morbidity early in the course of progressive renal disease. Long-term studies addressing these important clinical issues need to be supported, and evaluated within both immediate and future economic implications.  (+info)

Kleine-Levin and Munchausen syndromes in a patient with recurrent acromegaly. (4/4177)

Hypothalamic disease often affects the patients' personality and this also applies to pituitary tumors with suprasellar extension. We report on a patient with a 12-year history of recurrent acromegaly, treated with three transphenoidal operations, single field radiation therapy and bromocriptine/octreotide administration. During the course of follow-up she presented with self-inflicted anemia and Kleine-Levin syndrome (hypersomnia, hyperphagia and hypersexuality). Furthermore, she developed post-radiation necrosis within the right temporal lobe. Whether her neurological and personality disorders result - at least partially - from the acromegaly or the temporal lobe necrosis remains unclear.  (+info)

Decreased lactic acidosis and anemia after transfusion of o-raffinose cross-linked and polymerized hemoglobin in severe murine malaria. (5/4177)

Severe anemia is a major cause of death in falciparum malaria. Blood transfusion increases survival in humans and in animal models of this disease. Because of logistic constraints and viral contamination of the blood supply, transfusions are frequently not practical in endemic regions. Modified hemoglobin is an effective O2 carrier in hemorrhagic shock. It is free of infectious contamination, may not require refrigeration, and because of its nitric oxide scavenging and small size, may have pharmacologic benefits in malaria. The effects of transfusions of modified hemoglobin in rats with high-grade parasitemia were evaluated. Modified hemoglobin decreased lactic acidosis and corrected anemia as well as transfusions with red blood cells; these findings may correlate with improved survival and suggest a possible proerythropoietic effect. Further study of this novel therapy is warranted.  (+info)

Regional left ventricular dysfunction in a patient with severe prolonged anemia. (6/4177)

A 47-year-old woman with severe prolonged anemia developed heart failure. After treatment of the heart failure and anemia, she showed regional dysfunction of the left ventricular wall and myocardial fatty acid metabolism was disturbed in these sites. Coronary arteriography showed normal images. It took about 4 months to recover both left ventricular wall motion and fatty acid metabolism. Prolonged decrease of oxygen supply to the myocardium, which is caused by severe prolonged anemia, seemed to affect the myocardial function in this case, which could be another model of anemia-related myocardial dysfunction.  (+info)

Treatment of multiple myeloma. (7/4177)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Multiple myeloma (MM) accounts for about 10% of all hematologic malignancies. The standard treatment with intermittent courses of melphalan and prednisone (MP) was introduced more than 30 years ago and, since then there has been little improvement in event-free and overall survival (EFS & OS). The aim of this article is to review: 1) the role of initial chemotherapy (ChT), maintenance treatment with alpha-interferon and salvage ChT, 2) the results of high-dose therapy (HDT) followed by allogeneic or autologous stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT and auto-SCT), and 3) the most important supportive measures. EVIDENCE AND INFORMATION SOURCES: The authors of this review have been actively working and contributing with original investigations on the treatment of MM during the last 15 years. In addition, the most relevant articles and recent abstracts published in journals covered by the Science Citation Index and Medline are also reviewed. STATE OF THE ART AND PERSPECTIVES: The importance of avoiding ChT in asymptomatic patients (smoldering MM) is emphasized. The criteria and patterns of response are reviewed. MP is still the standard initial ChT with a response rate of 50-60% and an OS of 2-3 years. Combination ChT usually increases the response rate but does not significantly influence survival when compared with MP. Exposure to melphalan should be avoided in patients in whom HDT followed by auto-SCT is planned, in order to not preclude the stem cell collection. The median response duration to initial ChT is 18 months. Interferon maintenance usually prolongs response duration but in most studies does not significantly influence survival (a large meta-analysis by the Myeloma Trialists' Collaborative Group in Oxford is being finished). In alkylating-resistant patients, the best rescue regimens are VBAD or VAD. In patients already resistant to VBAD or VAD and in those in whom these treatments are not feasible we recommend a conservative approach with alternate day prednisone and pulse cyclophosphamide. While HDT followed by autotransplantation is not recommended for patients with resistant relapse, patients with primary refractory disease seem to benefit from early myeloablative therapy. Although results from large randomized trials are still pending in order to establish whether early HDT intensification followed by auto-SCT is superior to continuing standard ChT in responding patients, the favorable experience with autotransplantation of the French Myeloma Intergroup supports this approach. However, although the complete response rate is higher with intensive therapy, the median duration of response is relatively short (median, 16 to 36 months), with no survival plateau. There are several ongoing trials comparing conventional ChT with HDT/autoSCT in order to identify the patients who are likely to benefit from one or another approach. With allo-SCT there is a transplant-related mortality ranging from 30 to 50% and also a high relapse rate in patients achieving CR. However, 10 to 20% of patients undergoing allo-SCT are long-term survivors (> 5 years) with no evidence of disease and, consequently, probably cured. The use of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) in order to speed the engraftment and also the use of partially T-cell depleted PBSC which can decrease the incidence of graft-versus-host disease are promising approaches. In the setting of allo-SCT, donor lymphocyte infusion is an encouraging strategy in order to treat or prevent relapses. Finally, important supportive measures such as the treatment of anemia with erythropoietin, the management of renal failure and the use of bisphosphonates are reviewed.  (+info)

Isolation of infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) from Atlantic salmon in New Brunswick, Canada. (8/4177)

Infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) was isolated at a marine grow-out site in New Brunswick, Canada, from Atlantic salmon Salmo salar which experienced mortalities due to hemorrhagic kidney syndrome (HKS). Of 20 fish sampled in this study, 14 showed histologically various degrees of interstitial hemorrhaging, tubular epithelial degeneration and necrosis, and tubular casts in the posterior kidney, typical of HKS. Posterior kidney and spleen homogenates produced a cytopathic effect on chinook salmon embryo (CHSE-214) cells 10 to 14 d after inoculation. Pleomorphic virus particles in the size range 80 to 120 nm were seen by electron microscopy. The virus was confirmed as ISAV using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). This is a systematic diagnostic study of the isolation of ISAV on the North American continent and the first description of the growth of ISAV on the CHSE-214 cell line.  (+info)

Normocytic Anemias are a categorization of anemias defined as those anemias which display normal-sized erythrocytes (i.e. Normal Mean Corpuscular Volume or MCV) and low reticulocyte counts. In general, normocytic anemias are caused by failure of the bone marrow to conduct proper hematopoiesis; consequently, normocytic anemias typically occur in the context of an overall pancytopenia. Failure of the bone marrow may be due to inherent defects of the marrow itself as in aplastic anemia and the myelodysplastic syndromes, or may be due to exogenous infiltration of the bone marrow by malignant cells or infectious organisms (myelophthisic anemia ...
Called The Partnership for Anemia: Clinical and Translational Trials in the Elderly (PACTTE), the consortium received a six-year, $16 million grant from the National Institute on Aging to conduct clinical trials and translational studies, with the goal of developing better treatments for unexplained anemia. The consortium comprises physicians and researchers from Duke University, University of Chicago, Stanford University, University of California in Los Angeles, Case Western University, Johns Hopkins University, Howard University, and the University of Utah.. A study of this size and scope is long overdue, according to Josef T. Prchal, M.D., a U of U hematologist and professor of internal medicine, pathology, and genetics who chairs the consortiums Translational Committee. The lack of information hematologists and geriatricians have about the underlying causes of unexplained anemia has been a major barrier for testing treatment strategies, said Prchal, also a member of the PACTTE steering ...
February 18, 2010: A $16 million grant from the National Institute on Aging will enable a team of national experts to study why unexplained anemia is so common in older adults and find better treatments. The Partnership for Anemia: Clinical and Translational Trials in the Elderly brings together specialists from seven leading centers to study older adults with unexplained anemia and to use the knowledge gained to develop improved therapies.
Anemia is defined as a hemoglobin level of less than the 5th percentile for age. Causes vary by age. Most children with anemia are asymptomatic, and the condition is detected on screening laboratory evaluation. Screening is recommended only for high-risk children. Anemia is classified as microcytic, normocytic, or macrocytic, based on the mean corpuscular volume. Mild microcytic anemia may be treated presumptively with oral iron therapy in children six to 36 months of age who have risk factors for iron deficiency anemia. If the anemia is severe or is unresponsive to iron therapy, the patient should be evaluated for gastrointestinal blood loss. Other tests used in the evaluation of microcytic anemia include serum iron studies, lead levels, and hemoglobin electrophoresis. Normocytic anemia may be caused by chronic disease, hemolysis, or bone marrow disorders. Workup of normocytic anemia is based on bone marrow function as determined by the reticulocyte count. If the reticulocyte count is elevated, ...
Middle East & Africa (South Africa, Saudi Arabia, etc.). Click here to get [email protected] https://www.researchkraft.com/check-discount/954312. A chapter-wise format in the form of numbers, graphical representations are given. The Anemia Treatment leading industry players all around the world are identified to help in-process state and direction of the business. In addition, complete Anemia Treatment information of these manufacturers and their market share by various regions, with the company and product introduction. The Anemia Treatment is a crucial source for each market segment, speculator, and other players.. Anemia Treatment solutions help customers in various application areas such as supply chain analytics, risk study, demand forecasting, and vendor management. The Anemia Treatment market solutions include various modules, such as financial survey, real-time and batch data analysis, category management, and compliance and policy management. The implementation of Anemia Treatment modules in ...
Cancer-related anaemia has a number of causes, not least the underlying malignancy itself which plays a role in suppressing erythropoiesis. Anaemia is often exacerbated by cancer treatments, in particular routinely used cytotoxic chemotherapy. Chronic anaemia of cancer is often characterized by inappropriately low levels of endogenous erythropoietin for the degree of anaemia, and manifests clinically with generalized hypoxia and resultant severe fatigue. Epoetin alfa is one recombinant form of erythropoietin, the primary human growth factor responsible for promoting proliferation and survival of erythroid progenitor cells. Epoetin alfa has been widely studied for the treatment of anaemia associated with renal failure and is now recognized as having significant potential in the management of cancer-related anaemia. Studies suggest that epoetin alfa is an effective treatment in a proportion of cancer patients with symptomatic anaemia. It also appears useful for the prevention of ...
chronic anemia - MedHelps chronic anemia Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for chronic anemia. Find chronic anemia information, treatments for chronic anemia and chronic anemia symptoms.
Looking for normochromic erythrocyte? Find out information about normochromic erythrocyte. : see blood blood, fluid pumped by the heart that circulates throughout the body via the arteries, veins, and capillaries . An adult male of average size... Explanation of normochromic erythrocyte
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Normocytic Anemia, Anemia of Chronic Disease, Anemia of Inflammation, Anemia of Systemic Disease.
Doctors help you with trusted information about Fibroids in Anemia: Dr. Knecht on can a fibroid tumor cause anemia: Yes, fibroid tumors very commonly cause heavy bleeding and anemia, which can be offset by taking iron and folic acid.
This guest post was written by Elisha of My Health Maven. She is deeply passionate about educating people and empowering them to lead healthier lives. I encourage you to check out her blog.. According to the National Institutes of Healths, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, there are more than 400 types of anemia. Anemia is generally diagnosed by your doctor through family history, physical exam and lab tests.. Anemia is a common blood condition that develops when your blood has a lower than normal number of healthy red blood cells. Anemia can also occur if your red blood cells dont contain enough hemoglobin. Many cases are mild and easily treated with supplements and nutritional changes, while other forms can be severe and life threatening.. It is important to treat anemia, as severe forms of anemia can damage your brain, heart and other organs in your body. Some forms of anemia can be long term and life threatening if not diagnosed and treated.. ...
Anemia is common among people living with HIV infection (PLWH) and is associated with adverse health outcomes. Information on risk factors for anemia incidence in the current antiretroviral therapy (ART) era is lacking. Within a prospective clinical cohort of adult PLWH receiving care at eight sites across the United States between 1/2010-3/2018, Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were conducted among a) PLWH free of anemia at baseline and b) PLWH free of severe anemia at baseline to determine associations between time-updated patient characteristics and development of anemia (hemoglobin | 10 g/dL), or severe anemia (hemoglobin | 7.5 g/dL). Linear mixed effects models were used to examine relationships between patient characteristics and hemoglobin levels during follow-up. Hemoglobin levels were ascertained using laboratory data from routine clinical care. Potential risk factors included: age, sex, race/ethnicity, body mass index, smoking status, hazardous alcohol use, illicit drug use,
This review analyzes which people have Hemolytic anemia with Plaquenil. Brand name: Plaquenil. The effects may be increased because of the slower removal of chloroquine from the body. Less common side effects include rash, changes in skin pigment (such as darkening or dark spots), hair changes, and muscle weakness. I have a hysterectomy 5 years ago due to an ovarian mass, so heavy periods are not the culprit View answer Anemia , Anemia due to Malaria Anemia due to Malaria Malaria remains an enormous problem in public health around the world. Find patient medical information for Chloroquine Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings There is no Hemolytic anemia reported by people who take Plaquenil yet. It is created by eHealthMe based on reports from Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and is updated regularly Aralen (chloroquine) is an antimalarial drug used for the treatment of malaria and extraintestinal amebiasis. There are ...
Severe malarial anemia (SMA) is a leading cause of mortality among children in sub-Saharan Africa. Although the novel cytokine, interleukin (IL)-23, promotes anemia in chronic inflammatory diseases, the role of IL-23 in SMA remains undefined. Since IL-23 and IL-12 share the IL-12p40 subunit and IL-12Rbeta1 receptor, and are down-regulated by IL-10, relationships among these cytokines were explored in Kenyan children with varying severities of malarial anemia. Children with malarial anemia had increased circulating IL-23 and IL-10 and decreased IL-12 relative to healthy controls. Enhanced anemia severity and elevated parasitemia were associated with increased IL-10 relative to IL-23 and IL-12. Further exploration of the relationships among the cytokines using an in vitro model in which peripheral blood mononuclear cells were treated with synthetic hemozoin (sHz, malarial pigment) revealed that IL-12p35 and IL-23p19 transcripts had a sustained induction over 72 h, while IL-12p40 and IL-10 message ...
By: Louis Faye and Leyla Merlo Anemia OVERVIEW Anemia commonly occurs due to nutritional problems. Anemia is not Sex-Linked, it is Autosomal recessive. Autosomes are any chromosome other than a sex chromosome(X and Y). CAUSES DEMOGRAPHICS Women,teens,the elderly, and people with other types of chronic diseases are at higher risk of becoming anemic.(having anemia) Anemia -a condition due to a lack of hemoglobin/healthy red blood cells in the blood. Anemia can be caused by blood loss, decreased or faulty red blood cell production, and destruction of red blood cells.There are many forms of anemia, each with its own cause. Anemia can be temporary or long term, and ranges from mild to severe. Symptoms range from some fatigue and loss of energy,to unusually rapid heart beat, (particularly with exercise), shortness of breath and headache,(also w/exercise), difficulty concentrating, dizziness, leg cramps,pale skin, and insomnia. SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS You could receive blood tests(CBC count), genetic tests ...
Cancers that involve the marrow space, such as leukemia or lymphoma, compete with the marrows function and interfere with normal red blood cell production. This, then, causes anemia, ONeill says.. Thats also why cancers, like breast and prostate cancer, can metastasize to the bone marrow, which may also cause anemia, according to Steensma.. But bone marrow doesnt necessarily need to be involved for anemia to be present in patients. Cancers of the gastrointestinal (GI) system, like colon and stomach cancers, can lead to anemia because of frequent bleeding often associated with those types of cancer.. If you detect anemia in a person over age 50 and theres no other easy way to explain it, that could be a sign of cancer in the gastrointestinal system.. Occasionally, rapidly growing cancers can also bleed into the center of a tumor. This might be the cause of an acute drop in blood levels, and an acute cause of anemia, ONeill says. ...
Anemia - Animation Do you feel tired and listless? Do you find your mind drifting during the day? Do you get dizzy or short of breath whenever you climb the stairs? There are a few possible reasons for the way you feel, but you could have anemia. You could even have anemia without noticing any symptoms at all. Anemia is a problem with hemoglobin, a substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body. Without enough hemoglobin, your heart and other organs cant get the oxygen they need to work. When your organs slow down, you slow down and you start feeling tired and listless. Many different health conditions can cause anemia, from heavy blood loss during a womans period, to pregnancy, to an underactive thyroid gland. Healthy red blood cells are made in your bone marrow, the soft tissue in the middle of your bones. Any disease that damages blood marrow, such as lymphoma or leukemia, can also affect your red blood cell production. Anemia can also be caused by an immune system ...
There are various types of disorders that your body can be affected if you have deficiency in proteins, calcium, minerals, iron etc.. Anemia is a disease that is caused due to the lack of red blood cells (RBC) in your body. The liquid made with various cell types is known as blood.. Deficiency of iron, hemoglobin percentage or RBC in the blood leads to anemia.. Red blood cells are the main cells that deliver oxygen to the whole body. If you are suffering with anemia you will have the low blood count and you will be named as anemic.. Anemia can occur due to the loss of red blood cells as production of RBC is slower than it is required and your body can be destroying RBC.. Iron deficiency anemia is the most important anemia that will be seen in the teens. This will occur due to the lack of iron in your blood. This anemia will be mostly seen in teens. Iron deficiency will be caused when the percentage of iron in your body is reduced.. This is the first step that leads to anemia. The continuous iron ...
Anemia is a decrease in the amount of oxygen-carrying substance (hemoglobin) found in red blood cells. Anemia causes weakness, pale skin, and general tiredness (fatigue).. Anemia can be caused by blood loss or bleeding, an increase in the destruction of red blood cells, or a decrease in the production of red blood cells. Types of anemia include iron deficiency anemia, folate deficiency anemia, and vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, among others. Each type of anemia is treated differently.. ...
Many types of anemia are diagnosed early by routine blood tests during regular physical exams. If not, anemia may be diagnosed when you describe your symptoms to a doctor. The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history and perform a physical exam. If your symptoms suggest anemia or other blood conditions, you will have a blood test called a complete blood count (CBC). A CBC determines the number of red blood cells and the amount of hemoglobin in your blood. If you have too few red blood cells or too little hemoglobin, you are considered to have anemia. The next task for your doctor is to determining what type of anemia you have and what is causing it. Based on your medical history and your CBC, your doctor may be able to determine the cause. A careful assessment of your dietary intake, medical and surgical history, and bowel function may be helpful. Common causes of nutritional anemia include: ...
Different medical conditions, including anemia, can affect mental health. Anemia is characterized as a health condition involving a deficiency in hemoglobin, which helps red blood cells carry oxygen, according to an article on www.familydoctor.org.. Many women know how it can feel to lose too much blood during their menstrual cycles. Iron deficiency can be caused by heavier periods, and this can lead to anemia in some cases, according to an article on www.familydoctor.org. This type of anemia is referred to as iron deficiency anemia. General mental health symptoms of anemia include fatigue, dizziness, headaches, difficulty thinking and concentrating, according to an article on the National Center for Biotechnology Information website.. Nzinga Harrison, a board-certified physician who specializes in general psychiatry and addiction, said in an email that anemia can have comparable symptoms to some mental health disorders.. Anemia is one of the most prevalent illnesses in America that has mental ...
Anemia is a common and serious complication in both Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and pregnant women. Anemia has shown to have serious implications for both the mother and her fetus. However, the prevalence of anemia in HIV-infected pregnant women in Cameroon has not been well characterized in the era of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART). This study seeks to investigate the correlation between CD4+ count and hemoglobin (Hb) values in pregnant women with HIV infection.. At enrolment, the prevalence of any grade of anemia (Hb , 11 g/dl) was 128(42.2%). The prevalence of anemia was significantly high (p =0.042) in women who were not on treatment 61(49.2%). Moderate grades of anemia 63(20.8%) were common in HIV-infected patients while 3 of the 4 cases of severe grades of anemia were common in patients who were on HAART. The low prevalence of anemia among treated HIV-infected, pregnant women indicate that the treatment of all HIV positive pregnant women at the first ...
Anemia can be caused by a number of things, including:. * Loss like blood. This is one of those no-brainers: if a person loses blood, he loses red blood cells, so if he loses too much blood, hes going to have anemia. Fortunately, this kind about anemia is temporary (unless a guy just keeps on losing blood, in which case there might exist a significant problem that needs to be treated.). * Genetics. Some people are born with inherited conditions, such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia, that can affect the bodys ability to universe firm color blood cells. In these instances, the anemia can be long term and lasting, unless lawful treatment is received.. * Autoimmune problems. Sometimes, the body gets its signals mixed up and starts destroying perfectly healthy red blood cells faster than it can create new ones, creating an autoimmune issue.. * Iron deficiency. This is a fairly common cause of anemia. Fagot plays a part in creating hemoglobin, which is the substance in red blood cells that ...
Vitamin deficiency anemia (or megaloblastic [MEG-uh-loh-BLASS-tik] anemia). Low levels of vitamin B12 or folate are the most common causes of this type of anemia. Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia (or pernicious [pur-NISH-us] anemia). This type of anemia happens due to a lack of vitamin B12 in the body. Your body needs vitamin B12 to make red blood cells and to keep your nervous system working normally. This type of anemia occurs most often in people whose bodies are not able to absorb vitamin B12 from food because of an autoimmune disorder. It also can happen because of intestinal problems.. You also can get this type of anemia if the foods you eat dont have enough vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 is found in foods that come from animals. Fortified breakfast cereals also have vitamin B12. Folic acid supplements (pills) can treat this type of anemia. But, folic acid cannot treat nerve damage caused by a lack of vitamin B12.. With this type of anemia, your doctor may not realize that youre not getting ...
LONG BEACH, California-Treating anemia can reverse the declines it causes in physical function and quality of life for cancer patients and may have an impact on outcomes of cancer therapy, reported Simon Tchekmedyian, MD. Statistics suggest that anemia and its effects are under-recognized and undertreated, he noted, but barriers to treatment may fall as new therapeutic agents prove to be more effective and can be administered more easily and less frequently. 1
Background: Severe malarial anemia is a major cause of mortality from malaria. Although of enormous relevance, its pathogenesis is largely unknown. Interestingly, the extent of anemia greatly exceeds the loss of erythrocytes due to direct destruction by the pathogen Plasmodium falciparum. Immune response against the parasite is partially mediated through the Fc receptor for immunoglobulin (Ig) G IIa (FcγRIIa, CD32). The presence of an arginine instead of a histdine residue at amino acid position 131 (H131R) in the extracellular domain of FcγRIIa reduces the affinity of the receptor for IgG2 and IgG3 isotypes but increases the binding activity for C-reactive protein (CRP). Methods: In Ghana, West Africa, 2504 children with severe malaria and 2027 matched healthy controls were studied for the FcγRIIaH131R polymorphism in order to ascertain its influence on major manifestations of the disease. The study group included patients with partly overlapping symptoms of severe malaria, among them 1591 ...
There are many different things that can cause anemia. You can rule out different forms of anemia through most blood testing. Given the conditions you have and the medications listed, any of those can be contributing to anemia. Naproxen (a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory: NSAID) can cause increased bleeding time and bleeding which can lead to anemia. NSAIDs are often associated with GI bleeding if taken for long periods of time. Methotrexate is an immunosuppressant and has a labeled side effect of aplastic anemia, which is caused from suppression of the bone marrow leading to a decrease in the production of red blood cells. Plaquenil is also associated with aplastic anemia through bone marrow suppression.. In regards to autoimmune diseases - anemia of chronic disease is really common in those with rheumatoid arthritis. Inflammation in chronic inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and many other autoimmune diseases can affect blood production in a number of different ways. Many ...
MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT: You or someone you care about may have been diagnosed with anemia as a result of chronic kidney disease or CKD. This video will help you understand some of the available treatment options for CKD anemia. Anemia means your blood does not have enough healthy red blood cells to deliver oxygen to the body. Anemia can result from chronic kidney disease. Normally, the kidneys make a hormone called erythropoietin. This hormone helps bone marrow make new red blood cells. When the kidneys are damaged, they dont make enough of this hormone. As a result, bone marrow doesnt make enough red blood cells causing CKD anemia. This means that organs and tissues may not work as well as they should. Treatment options for CKD anemia may include one or more of the following: an erythropoietin stimulating agent, iron, and a blood transfusion. An erythropoietin stimulating agent or ESA helps your bone marrow make new red blood cells. Another treatment option is iron. Your doctor may prescribe
Anaemia commonly occurs in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, often necessitating blood transfusion. This multicentre study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of epoetin alpha in preventing the decline in haemoglobin (Hb) level, and to determine whether the transfusion requirement could be reduced, in patients receiving 4-6 cycles of primarily platinum-based combination cyclic chemotherapy for small cell lung cancer (SCLC). A total of 130 non-anaemic SCLC patients were randomized to receive no additional treatment (n = 44), epoetin alpha 150 IU kg(-1) subcutaneously (s.c.) three times a week (n = 42) or 300 IU kg(-1) s.c. three times a week (n = 44). Reductions in epoetin alpha dosage were made during the study if Hb level increased to ,15 g dl(-1). The mean weekly dosage was 335 and 612 IU kg(-1), respectively, in the two active treatment groups. Significantly fewer (P , 0.05) epoetin alpha-treated patients experienced anaemia (Hb , 10 g dl(-1)) during the course of ...
TREATMENT: Treatment will consist of either medications or surgery, depending on the cause of anemia.. If the anemia is life threatening, your dog will need an immediate blood transfusion, which will temporarily stabilize them. This allows your veterinarian to determine the cause of the anemia, and begin the appropriate treatment.. PREVENTION:. There are a variety of causes for anemia, and most of them are preventable. The best thing to do is to ensure your dog is up to date on all preventives, especially for fleas, ticks and internal parasites.. PROGNOSIS:. The prognosis depends on the medical problem that is causing the anemia. If you catch the anemia early and your dog is in overall good health, there is a good prognosis for recovery.Sometimes, a more severe disease, such as cancer, causes anemia, and it could be life threatening.. ...
While many conditions may cause anemia, it is often caused by chronic kidney disease (CKD). The main function of red blood cells, how CKD causes anemia, and a common blood test to diagnose CKD anemia are explained.
There is a high prevalence of nutritional anemia in breastfeeding mothers (Shashiraj 2006), which rises to 47% in mothers of low socioeconomic status (Bodnar 2001). During gestation and breastfeeding there is iron transfer from mother to child that tends to avoid both iron-mediated infection and oxidative stress as well as the potential risk of maternal and infant iron deficiency (Miller 2016). Maternal anemia must be prevented and treated, but neither the disease nor its treatment contraindicate breastfeeding. Loss of blood during labor is an important factor in postpartum anemia (Chan 2001). Pregnancy during breastfeeding increases the risk of anemia (Shaaban 2015). In contrast, prolonged breastfeeding is a protective factor for anemia in breastfeeding mothers (Lakew 2015). Iron deficiency anemia increases the risk of postpartum depression (Sheikh 2015) and is a risk factor for early cessation of breastfeeding (Rioux 2006), possibly because of (actual or not) insufficient milk (Henly 1995).
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My sisters dog was recently diagnosed with Anemia. He was extremely sluggish and always sleeping. Unfortunately, dogs, like people, can easily develop anemia. Caused by a reduction or loss of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin, anemia can become a serious problem in a very short time. This article explores the signs and symptoms to watch for, along with recommendations on diet and supplements that can help combat anemia in your canine.. What is anemia? It is a serious condition caused by red blood cell loss. Lack of iron in the diet is usually the culprit. However with animals, anemia is usually caused by parasitic worms or fleas that feed on blood and tissues. On occasion, it can also be caused by a toxicity from exposure to certain drugs.. Find The Cause First. Is it possible that your dog has anemia? Symptoms to watch for are pale or white gums, signs of weakness and a fast pulse.. The first step in reversing this condition is to remove the cause. If your dog has fleas or intestinal ...
BACKGROUND: Kidney failure causes anemia and is associated with a very high risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Mildly to moderately decreased kidney function is far more common and also is associated with an elevated prevalence of anemia and CHD risk. Recent data suggest an even higher risk of CHD when both conditions are present.. METHODS: We investigated the association of kidney dysfunction and anemia with CHD events (fatal or nonfatal CHD or coronary revascularization procedures) and CHD and all-cause mortality over 12 years of follow-up in 14971 adults aged 45 to 64 years in the ARIC Study. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was estimated from calibrated serum creatinine using the MDRD Study equation ( RESULTS: The prevalence of anemia was progressively higher at lower estimated GFR or = 90 mL/min per 1.73 m2) were 1.7 (95% CI 1.3-2.2) in the absence of anemia and 3.5 (95% CI 2.4-5.1) in the presence of anemia (P interaction = .001).. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of moderately decreased ...
As individuals become older, the frequency of anemia increases. While the cause of anemia in many cases can be determined and corrected, in a number of individuals there is no correctable cause found and the patient must live with their anemia. This is known as idiopathic anemia, and can have serious consequences for the individual. Numerous studies have demonstrated that anemia is associated with loss of energy and stamina, causing individuals to decrease their activities, which adversely affects both their sense of well-being as well as their physical strength. Losses in these areas are associated with the clinical manifestations of frailty.. The current pilot study will examine whether or not administration of Epoetin Alfa, a hormone stimulating production of red blood cells, can reverse this type of anemia. We will examine the consequences of reversing the anemia in terms of physical strength and function, cardiovascular function and sense of well-being and mental function.. In this study, ...
What Do You Know About Anemia? Anemia is a condition that affects the number of red blood cells in your body. A number of diseases and conditions can cause anemia. Find out more by taking the following quiz. 1. Anemia is a common condition. What happens when a person has anemia? You didnt answer this question. You answered The correct answer is These cells carry oxygen and iron to nourish all the cells in the body. Anemia isnt a single disease but a condition that has many different causes. A. The bod...
1. INTRODUCTION. Anemia is one of the major nutritional deficiency health disorders, affecting significant proportion of population. Although it effects all age groups but it is most prevalent in pregnant women. Anemia is pathological deficiency in oxygen carrying capacity of blood measured in hemoglobin concentration, red blood cells numbers. Blood is mainly composed of two parts 1) Plasma, constituting 55% of blood and 2) White blood cells, red blood cells & platelets.. Common causes of anemia are dietary deficiencies, inherited genetic defects, side effects of medicine, chronic diseases, blood loss from injuries and internal bleeding, destruction of red blood cells or insufficient red blood cells production. Causes of anemia depend upon its severity the more severe the anemia is the more likely the chances of multiple reasons of anemia. Iron deficiency anemia is more common in pregnant because of increased need of iron for growing fetus. Women who start their pregnancy with low stored iron ...
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Anemia occurs when there are not enough healthy red blood cells (RBCs) in the body. Mild anemia can cause your child to feel very tired or have less energy than normal. Severe anemia can cause many health problems.
Anemia occurs when there are not enough healthy red blood cells (RBCs) in the body. Mild anemia can cause your child to feel very tired or have less energy than normal. Severe anemia can cause many health problems.
Anemia is a common cause of qualitative or quantitative deficiency of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron rich protein that caries the oxygen from lungs to the other parts of body tissue. The hemoglobin deficiency is generally associated with the decrease in the number of red blood cells and hematocrit. Anemia causes low transfer of oxygen to the rest of the body. Anemia is easily preventable and treated however, there are mild or vague symptoms for detection of anemia due to which anemia mostly goes undetectable. Commonly, the symptoms such as weakness or fatigue due to exercise, malaise and sometimes poor concentration are observed in patients with anemia. In addition, as the anemia progresses patients suffer from shortness of breath due to exertion, increase in cardiac output leading to palpitations, sweeting and heart failure. Anemia is commonly found in patients with nutrition deficiency (poor iron or vitamin diet), chronic diseases (such as cancer, kidney diseases, diabetes, etc.), chronic ...
Anemia in dogs occurs when your dogs red blood cells are functioning improperly or simply arent able to oxygenate his cells. Anemia in dogs can have a number of different causes involving blood loss, red blood cell destruction, and inadequate red blood cell production. Injury, cancer, autoimmune disease, infectious disease, iron deficiency, and genetic defects can all be at the root of anemia in dogs. Thankfully, some causes of anemia in dogs can be cured with treatment. The most common symptom of anemia in dogs is pale gums. Anemic dogs may become weak and even collapse from time to time. Anemic dogs experience yellowing of the skin, weight loss, and vomiting. Blood may appear in the urine or feces. Anemic dogs may suffer from a loss of appetite and a distended abdomen. Hemolytic anemia in dogs is an autoimmune disease-related type of anemia. Hemolytic anemia in dogs can be a primary condition or can occur as a result of another condition. Female dogs are at higher risk for developing ...
The high rate of anemia prevalence in the male harvesters of fresh oil palm fruits at the X Company has been a serious problem that needs to be managed. For this purpose, a study employing the situation analysis method the followed with an experimental study to analyze the application of anemia management in work health program by a company with integrated institution agencies and the intervention model development of anemia prevalence reduction have been done at the X Company. Qualitative data were obtained through the in-depth interviews using open questionnaires from 10 informants; 4 from the X Company, 2 from the Department of Residential (population) affairs, and 4 from the Department of Health. The data were analyzed by using the content analysis method. The findings reveal that the X Company, together with the intersectional agencies such as the Department of Health and Department of Residential (population) Affairs, has not yet been seen to have applied the anemia management in its work ...
Ageing populations will impact on healthcare provision, especially since extra years are not necessarily spent in good health. It is important to identify and understand the significance of common medical problems in older people. Anaemia may be one such problem. We report on the prevalence of anaemia in cohorts of elderly people in the general population. The presence of anaemia is associated with a worse prognosis for both morbidity and mortality. Electronic searching and reference lists of published reports were used to identify studies that reported on prevalence of anaemia in cohorts of at least 100 individuals predominantly aged 65 years and over living in developed countries, together with criteria used to define anaemia. Studies of anaemia prevalence in specific disease groups or published before 1980 were excluded. Prevalence data for the entire cohort, for men and women separately and for different age bands were extracted. Forty-five studies contributed data. Thirty-four studies (n = 85,409)
Approximately two-thirds of patients were screened for anaemia during the median 2 year follow-up period (68.1% CD, 65.3% UC). However, only 18.1% of the cohort underwent annual screening as recommended by ECCO and other guidelines. Of the 29.8% of patients with IBD with anaemia, iron deficiency was common (81.9%) among those with sufficient information to make the calculation.. No other study has examined the adherence to screening guidelines, so it is unknown if the results in this insured American population are generalisable to other settings. At least one-third of the screened cohort had anaemia, which is similar to published European studies on anaemia (24-33%) in IBD.4 ,20 ,21 ,23 Our findings were also similar to predictors of anaemia in the USA. A recently published study on anaemia in a US IBD cohort showed a statistically significant higher prevalence of anaemia in CD compared with UC (p value 0.001).33 This mirrors our findings and also findings from other European studies.13 ,20 ,21 ...
Chronic Inflammation. There are several causes of anemia in rheumatoid arthritis. The most common is anemia of chronic disease. The cause is not completely understood. However, chronic inflammation can affect the bodys ability to use iron and its ability to produce red blood cells which leads to low blood counts ...
To study factors associated with anemia and its effect on survival in HIV-infected persons treated with modern combined antiretroviral therapy (cART), we characterized the prevalence of anemia in the Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS) and used a candidate gene approach to identify proinflammatory gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with anemia in HIV disease. The study comprised 1597 HIV+ and 865 HIV- VACS subjects with DNA, blood, and annotated clinical data available for analysis. Anemia was defined according to World Health Organization criteria (hemoglobin , 13 g/dL and , 12 g/dL in men and women, respectively). The prevalence of anemia in HIV+ and HIV- subjects was 23.1% and 12.9%, respectively. Independent of HIV status, anemia was present in 23.4% and 8% in blacks and whites, respectively. Analysis of our candidate genes revealed that the leptin -2548 G/A SNP was associated with anemia in HIV+, but not HIV-, patients, with the AA and AG genotypes significantly ...
Adapun jenis-jenis anemia pada kehamilan dapat diketahui oleh para ibu seperti anemia defisiensi besi, anemia jenis ini dialami selama masa kehamilan dan masa nifas. Kondisi demikian terjadi defisiensi besi dan kehilangan darah akut. Adapula anemia akibat perdarahan akut, anemia jenis ini terjadi ketika masa nifas, solusio plasenta dan plasenta previa dapat menjadi sumber perdarahan serius dan anemia sebelum atau setelah melahirkan. Ada lagi anemia pada penyakit kronik, gejala yang ditimbulkan biasanya tubuh akan terasa lemah, penurunan pada berat badan, wajah pucat. Selain itu ada pula anemia megaloblastik atau defisiensi vitamin B12, hal ini disebabkan oleh kekurangan vitamin B12 selama masa kehamilan, adanya kegagalan dalam proses penyerapan vitamin B12 karena tidak ada faktor pendukung dari dalam ...
Synonyms for anemia of inflammatory disease in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for anemia of inflammatory disease. 3 synonyms for anemia: anaemia, anaemia, genus Anemia. What are synonyms for anemia of inflammatory disease?
Look up anemia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Anemia, U.S. National Library of Medicine [About Anemia] (CS1: long volume ... Fanconi anemia is a hereditary disorder or defect featuring aplastic anemia and various other abnormalities. Anemia of kidney ... Anemia of folate deficiency, as with vitamin B12, causes megaloblastic anemia Anemia of prematurity, by diminished ... Hyperanemia is a severe form of anemia, in which the hematocrit is below 10%. Refractory anemia, an anemia which does not ...
The most common type of normocytic anemia is anemia of chronic disease. A normocytic anemia is when the red blood cells (RBCs) ... microcytic anemias are defined as an anemia with a mean corpuscular volume (MCV) less than 80 fL and macrocytic anemias have a ... Normocytic anemia is a type of anemia and is a common issue that occurs for men and women typically over 85 years old. Its ... Treatment will depend on the cause of the normocytic anemia. Treatment for anemia due to chronic diseases, such as kidney ...
... (or myelophthisis) is a severe type of anemia found in some people with diseases that affect the bone ... "Myelophthisic Anemia: Anemias Caused by Deficient Erythropoiesis: Merck Manual Professional". Retrieved 2008-03-08. ... from myelophthisic anemia because in aplastic anemia the hematopoietic cells are damaged and immature blood cells are not seen ... Myelophthisic Anemia at eMedicine (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Aplastic ...
... Research Fund GeneReviews/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on Fanconi Anemia OMIM entries on Fanconi Anemia Fanconi anemia at ... Fanconi Anemia~clinical at eMedicine Kutler DI, Auerbach AD (2004). "Fanconi anemia in Ashkenazi Jews". Fam. Cancer. 3 (3-4): ... 1994). "Hematologic abnormalities in Fanconi anemia: an International Fanconi Anemia Registry study". Blood. 84 (5): 1650-4. ... Fanconi anaemia (FA) is a rare genetic disease resulting in impaired response to DNA damage. Although it is a very rare ...
... is a type of vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, a disease in which not enough red blood cells are produced due to ... Pernicious anemia may not be diagnosed at first. More in-depth diagnosis may be required. Pernicious anemia caused by a loss of ... A case of anemia with a first recognition of associated atrophic gastritis a feature of pernicious anemia, was first described ... "Anemia". www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Retrieved 25 February 2022. Zhang, Qin; Lv, Xue-ying; Yang, Yun-mei (2015). "Megaloblastic anemia ...
Look up anemia or anaemia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Anemia or anaemia may refer to: Anemia, a qualitative or ... Anemia (beetle), a genus of darkling beetle Anemia (plant), a genus of fern Anemia (film), a 1986 Italian film "Anaemia", a ... a type of anemia of lack of iron Ischemia, producing localized anemic effects in a body part (but "anemia" is not merely ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Anemia. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to ...
... , also known as nosocomial anemia or hospital-acquired anemia, is a condition in which a person develops ... This iatrogenic anemia often occurs alongside the anemia caused by kidney disease.: 629 Another factor that contributes to ... This is not a true anemia, as no red blood cells are lost and the body eventually compensates for the effects of the infusion. ... Iatrogenic anemia is of particular concern in intensive care medicine,: 629 because people who are critically ill require ...
... may refer to: Hyperchromic anemia or chlorosis Pernicious anemia This disambiguation page lists articles ... associated with the title Primary anemia. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly ...
... is a form of anemia in which the concentration of hemoglobin in the red blood cells is within the standard ... Conditions where this is found include aplastic, posthemorrhagic, and hemolytic anemias and anemia of chronic disease. MCH ( ... Normocytic anemia Stoelting's Anesthesia and Co-Existing Disease (7 ed.). Elsevier. 2018. pp. 477-506. v t e (Articles with ... short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Anemias, All stub articles, Disease stubs, Cardiovascular system stubs) ...
... is a type of macrocytic anemia. An anemia is a red blood cell defect that can lead to an undersupply of ... Megaloblastic anemia is a blood disorder in which there is anemia with larger-than-normal red blood cells. Anemia is a ... Megaloblastic anemia has a rather slow onset, especially when compared to that of other anemias. The defect in red cell DNA ... GeneReview/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on Thiamine-Responsive Megaloblastic Anemia Syndrome Rare Anemias Foundation (CS1 maint: url- ...
... nutritional anemia and non-nutritional anemia. Nutritional anemia refers to anemia that can be directly attributed to ... However, Iron deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional disorder. Signs of anemia include cyanosis, jaundice, and easy ... Often, symptoms can go undetected as mild forms of the anemia have only minor symptoms. Internationally, anemia caused by iron ... Examples include Iron deficiency anemia and pernicious anemia. It is often discussed in a pediatric context. According to the ...
... is known to have caused the deaths of Eleanor Roosevelt and Marie Curie. Anemia may lead to fatigue, pale skin ... Aplastic anemia must be differentiated from pure red cell aplasia. In aplastic anemia, the patient has pancytopenia (i.e., also ... Acton, Ashton (22 July 2013). Aplastic Anemia. ScholarlyEditions. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-4816-5068-7. Aplastic anaemia (AA) is a ... ISBN 978-0-07-140235-4.[page needed] Merck Manual, Professional Edition, Aplastic Anemia (Hypoplastic Anemia) "How a mysterious ...
... is also caused by thalassemia and congenital disorders like Benjamin anemia. Microcytic anemia Iron ... Hypochromic anemia is a generic term for any type of anemia in which the red blood cells are paler than normal. (Hypo- refers ... Hypochromic anemia occurs in patients with hypochromic microcytic anemia with iron overload. The condition is autosomal ... The most common causes of this kind of anemia are iron deficiency and thalassemia. Hypochromic anemia was historically known as ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anemia rotundifolia. Anemia rotundifolia is a fern species in the genus Anemia, ... Wikispecies has information related to Anemia rotundifolia. ...
... , or sideroachrestic anemia, is a form of anemia in which the bone marrow produces ringed sideroblasts ... Congenital sideroblastic anemia X-linked sideroblastic anemia: This is the most common congenital cause of sideroblastic anemia ... congenital sideroblastic anemia, acquired clonal sideroblastic anemia, and acquired reversible sideroblastic anemia. All cases ... Acquired reversible sideroblastic anemia Causes include excessive alcohol use (the most common cause of sideroblastic anemia), ...
... , the Mexican flowering fern, is a fern species in the genus Anemia, sometimes called flowering ferns. It is ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anemia mexicana. Wikispecies has information related to Anemia mexicana. v t e (Articles ... Diggs, Jr., George M.; Lipscomb, Barney L. "Anemia mexicana". Ferns of Texas: A web portal for "The Ferns and Lycophytes of ... Mickel, John T. (1981). "Revision of Anemia subgenus Anemiorrhiza (Schizaeaceae)". Brittonia. 33 (3): 413-429. doi:10.2307/ ...
... they may also be seen in other anemias (e.g., iron deficiency anemia) and thus are suggestive of megaloblastic anemia but not ... Non-megaloblastic macrocytic anemias with a low reticulocyte count (indicating a poor bone marrow response to the anemia) ... The term macrocytic is from Greek words meaning "large cell". A macrocytic class of anemia is an anemia (defined as blood with ... Megaloblastic anemias represent a type of macrocytic anemia characterized by certain morphologic abnormalities noted on a ...
Treatments for microcytic anemia depend on the cause of the anemia. Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is treated by addressing the ... In theory, the three most common microcytic anemias (iron deficiency anemia, anemia of chronic disease, and thalassemia) can be ... of anemia in general and of microcytic anemia in particular Thalassemia Adulthood Iron deficiency anemia Thalassemia Anemia of ... hypochromic anemia". Typical causes of microcytic anemia include: Childhood Iron deficiency anemia by far the most common cause ...
... is a fern endemic to the state of Tabasco, Mexico. It grows on road banks on a single hill in Huimanguillo. ... Anemia tabascana was described by Carvajal-Hernández, Córdova-Hernández and Krömer in 2020, based on a specimen collected in ... It belongs to the subgenus Anemia. So far, the species has only been collected from a single hill, the Cerro La Antena, in ... Carvajal-Hernández, César I.; Córdova-Hernández, Ena E.; Krömer, Thorsten; Burelo-Ramos, Carlos M. (2020). "Anemia tabascana ( ...
Anemia was shot in Rome and off the Amalfi Coast. The film included references to Gothic fiction including Nosferatu and The ... Anemia is a 1986 Italian film directed and written by Alberto Abruzzese and Achille Pisanti based on Abruzzese's novelette ... Zanotto, Piero (September 9, 1986). "Dopo l'effimero viene L'Anemia". La Stampa (in Italian). Anemia at IMDb (Articles with ... Anemia was shown at the Venice Film Festival on September 9, 1986. Curti stated the film received "generally perplexed, if not ...
Anemia pubescens Mickel & Labiak Anemia pulchra Pohl Anemia pumilio Mickel Anemia pyrenaea Taub. Anemia raddiana Link Anemia ... Anemia costata Sehnem Anemia cuneata Kuntze Anemia damazii Christ Anemia dardanoi Brade Anemia delicatula Mickel Anemia dentata ... Anemia ayacuchensis Mickel Anemia barbatula Christ Anemia bartlettii Mickel Anemia blackii Brade Anemia blechnoides Sm. Anemia ... Anemia multiplex Mickel Anemia munchii Christ Anemia mynsseniana Mickel Anemia myriophylla Christ Anemia nana Baker Anemia ...
... or haemolytic anaemia is a form of anemia due to hemolysis, the abnormal breakdown of red blood cells (RBCs), ... Symptoms of hemolytic anemia include those that can occur in all anemias as well as the specific consequences of hemolysis. All ... Symptoms of hemolytic anemia are similar to other forms of anemia (fatigue and shortness of breath), but in addition, the ... Symptoms of hemolytic anemia are similar to the general signs of anemia. General signs and symptoms include: fatigue, pallor, ...
GeneReviews/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on Diamond-Blackfan Anemia OMIM entries on Diamond-Blackfan Anemia Diamond-Blackfan anemia ... Diamond-Blackfan anemia is characterized by normocytic or macrocytic anemia (low red blood cell counts) with decreased ... Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital erythroid aplasia that usually presents in infancy. DBA causes low red blood cell ... "Diamond-Blackfan anemia". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2018-04-17. Boria, I; Garelli, E; Gazda, H. T.; Aspesi, A; ...
... (AOP) refers to a form of anemia affecting preterm infants with decreased hematocrit. AOP is a ... Although their anemia is multifactorial, repeated blood sampling and reduced erythropoiesis with extremely low serum levels of ... These reactions are the most frequent symptoms of anemia in very low birth weight infants. During the first weeks of life, all ... Blood sampling done for laboratory testing can easily remove enough blood to produce anemia. Obladen, Sachsenweger and Stahnke ...
... or acute blood loss anemia is a condition in which a person quickly loses a large volume of ... ISBN 0-7817-5007-5. (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Anemias). ...
... is anemia caused by a lack of iron. Anemia is defined as a decrease in the number of red blood cells or ... Iron Deficiency Anemia - From the National Anemia Action Council NPS News 70: Iron deficiency anaemia: NPS - Better choices, ... As iron-deficiency anemia becomes more severe, if the anemia does not respond to oral treatments, or if the treated person does ... Anemia can also be caused by hypermanganesemia... Zeglam A, Abugrara A, Kabuka M. Autosomal-recessive iron deficiency anemia, ...
... hemorrhagic aplastic anemia syndrome, infectious chicken anemia, chicken infectious anemia virus, and chicken anemia agent.[ ... The disease and virus have many names including chicken anemia, blue wing disease, anemia dermatitis syndrome, chicken/avian ... anemia_virus_infection.html 2. Chicken Anaemia Virus Disease, expert reviewed and published by Wikivet, accessed 30/08/2011. ( ... Chicken anemia virus, or CAV, is currently a member of the Anelloviridae family which is found worldwide. The virus only ...
... (FIA) is an infectious disease found in felines, causing anemia and other symptoms. The disease is ... USA Feline Infectious Anemia Anemia in Cats .. Cause, Signs, Diagnosis and Treatment Archived 2011-05-30 at the Wayback Machine ... Prevalence of Infectious Agents and Anti-Erythrocyte Antibodies in Cats with Anemia ACVIM 2009. K. L. Dowers; A. G. Miller; C. ...
... (MAHA) is a microangiopathic subgroup of hemolytic anemia (loss of red blood cells through ... Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia is also seen in cancer. Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia may be suspected based on routine ... It is identified by the finding of anemia and schistocytes on microscopy of the blood film. In diseases such as hemolytic ... The resulting fragments are the schistocytes observed in light m Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia results in isolated increase ...
Hemolytic anemia is the hemolytic state in which anemia is present, and bone marrow function is inferentially unable to ... AIHA can be classified as warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia or cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia, which includes cold agglutinin ... Although MeSH uses the term "autoimmune hemolytic anemia", some sources prefer the term "immunohemolytic anemia" so drug ... The National Cancer Institute considers "immunohemolytic anemia", "autoimmune hemolytic anemia", and "immune complex hemolytic ...
Anemia is strictly defined as a decrease in red blood cell (RBC) mass. The function of the RBC is to deliver oxygen from the ... Response to anemia. The physiologic response to anemia varies according to acuity and the type of insult. Gradual onset may ... Anemia. Decreased production of red blood cells is suggested in certain patients with anemia. Bone marrow biopsy specimen ... More than one third of patients who were not anemic on admission developed anemia during their stay. Even mild anemia was ...
Fanconi Anemia~clinical at eMedicine *^ Kutler DI, Auerbach AD (2004). "Fanconi anemia in Ashkenazi Jews". Fam. Cancer. 3 (3-4 ... Fanconi Anemia~treatment at eMedicine *^ Page 29 in Moore, Pete (2007). The Debate About Genetic Engineering (Ethical Debates) ... Fanconi anaemia (FA) is a rare genetic disease resulting in impaired response to DNA damage. Although it is a very rare ... DNA double-strand damages also activate the Fanconi anemia core complex (FANCA/B/C/E/F/G/L/M).[13] The FA core complex ...
Number of visits to physician offices with with anemias as the primary diagnosis group: 2.8 million ... Number of visits to emergency departments with anemias as the primary diagnosis group: 623,000 ...
... Sickle-cell anemia is a hereditary blood disorder that inhibits the bloods ability to carry oxygen. ...
Anemia occurs when your blood doesnt carry enough oxygen to the rest of your body. Read about conditions that lead to it and ... Anemia in People with Cancer (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish * Craving and Chewing Ice: A Sign of Anemia? (Mayo ... Anemia (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Anemia caused by low iron - infants and toddlers (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in ... Anemia (March of Dimes Foundation) Also in Spanish * Anemia (Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Womens Health) ...
2006)‎. Anemia falciforme. Organización Mundial de la Salud. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/24051 ...
Anemia is strictly defined as a decrease in red blood cell (RBC) mass. The function of the RBC is to deliver oxygen from the ... Response to anemia. The physiologic response to anemia varies according to acuity and the type of insult. Gradual onset may ... Anemia. Decreased production of red blood cells is suggested in certain patients with anemia. Bone marrow biopsy specimen ... More than one third of patients who were not anemic on admission developed anemia during their stay. Even mild anemia was ...
Anemia is strictly defined as a decrease in red blood cell (RBC) mass. The function of the RBC is to deliver oxygen from the ... Anemia. Decreased production of red blood cells is suggested in certain patients with anemia. Bone marrow biopsy specimen ... encoded search term (Anemia) and Anemia What to Read Next on Medscape ... Anemia Clinical Presentation. Updated: Sep 27, 2021 * Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD more... ...
2006)‎. Anemia falciforme. Organización Mundial de la Salud. https://extranet.who.int/iris/restricted/handle/10665/24630 ...
... anemia - Featured Topics from the National Center for Health Statistics ... Will anemia kill you?. Well, that depends of course - however, anemia can be deadly. In 2006, the latest data available, 3,996 ... QuickStats: Prevalence of Anemia Among Adults Aged 65 Years or Older, by Sex and Age Group - National Health and Nutrition ... During 2013-2016, the prevalence of anemia among persons aged 65 years or older increased with increasing age for both men and ...
Learn about anemia, why kids get it, and how its treated in our article for kids. ... What does it mean when a kid has anemia? ... Qué es la anemia?. What Is Anemia?. Anemia (say: uh-NEE-mee-uh ... How Is Anemia Treated?. Treatment for anemia depends on the cause. In kids, the most common cause of anemia is not getting ... What Are the Signs of Anemia?. Some kids with anemia dont know they have it because they dont have any symptoms. A kid who ...
https://www.analysisgroup.com/Insights/publishing/anemia-related-costs-for-cancer-patients/ ... https://www.analysisgroup.com/Insights/publishing/anemia-related-costs-for-cancer-patients/ ...
Learn about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for iron-deficiency anemia. ... Iron-deficiency anemia develops if you do not have enough iron in your body. ... What is iron-deficiency anemia?. What it is. Iron-deficiency anemia is a type of anemia that develops if you do not have enough ... How do you prevent iron-deficiency anemia?. Prevention. Iron-deficiency anemia may be preventable if you are able to treat the ...
... quick guide from the American College of Sports Medicine will help you recommend the right exercise for patients with anemia. ... If you have chronic anemia, exercise may leave you easily fatigued and short of breath. Because your blood is iron deficient ... Improving Quality of Care in Patients With Iron Deficiency Anemia and Inflammatory Bowel Disease 0.5 CME / CE / ABIM MOC ... Improving Quality of Care in Patients With Iron Deficiency Anemia and Inflammatory Bowel Disease ...
Words that rhyme with hemolytic anemia: (261 results) 3 syllables:. -aemia, -emia, -haemia, -hemia, -phemia, aemia, cemea, ... amimia, anaemia, aphemia, artemia, asemia, bohemia, bulemia, bullemia, cacaemia, cachaemia, calcemia, cholemia, copraemia, ...
... J Neurol. 2004 Jun;251(6):747-9. doi: 10.1007/s00415-004-0428-x. ...
Learn more about the link between anemia and depression here. ... Research suggests that people with anemia may develop symptoms ...
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare recessive genetic disorder that disproportionately affects individuals of Jewish Ashkenazi ( ... Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare recessive genetic disorder that affects individuals of all ethnic and racial groups, although the ... Fanconi anemia was first described by Swiss pediatrician Guido Fanconi. FA should not be confused with Fanconi syndrome, a rare ...
Anemia causes weakness, pale skin, and general tiredness ... Anemia is a decrease in the amount of oxygen-carrying substance ... Types of anemia include iron deficiency anemia, folate deficiency anemia, and vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, among others. Each ... Anemia causes weakness, pale skin, and general tiredness (fatigue).. Anemia can be caused by blood loss or bleeding, an ... Anemia is a decrease in the amount of oxygen-carrying substance (hemoglobin) found in red blood cells. ...
Megaloblastic anemia is a type of macrocytic anemia. An anemia is a red blood cell defect that can lead to an undersupply of ... Megaloblastic anemia is a blood disorder in which there is anemia with larger-than-normal red blood cells. Anemia is a ... "Megaloblastic Anemia: Overview - eMedicine Hematology". Retrieved 2009-02-07.. *^ "Megaloblastic (Pernicious) Anemia - Lucile ... Megaloblastic anemia has a rather slow onset, especially when compared to that of other anemias. The defect in red cell DNA ...
Current Trends CDC Criteria for Anemia in Children and Childbearing-Aged Women ... Anemia Cutoffs for Children, Nonpregnant Women, and Men. Anemia Cutoffs during Pregnancy. References. POINT OF CONTACT FOR THIS ... Because most anemia in children and women of childbearing age is related to iron deficiency (1), the main purpose of anemia ... The new criteria may also be useful for defining anemia in clinical research and nutrition surveys.. The anemia reference ...
ICU Anemia, Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Anemia, Anemia Clinical Clues, Anemia Evaluation, Macrocytic Anemia, Folate Deficiency, ... Vitamin B12 Deficiency, Microcytic Anemia, Iron Deficiency Anemia, Sideroblastic Anemia, Normocytic Anemia, Anemia with ... Anemia is a chapter in the book, Hematology and Oncology, containing the following 13 pages: ...
Learn signs of anemia and of pregnancy-supportive nutrients to consume daily as prevention. ... What Causes Anemia During Pregnancy?. Iron-Deficient Anemia occurs when you dont have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen ... While not very common, severe anemia can increase your risk of pre-term delivery, low birth weight or anemia in your baby, and ... If you have anemia related to folate deficiency, folate is available through foods like:. dark leafy greens. avocado. citrus ...
Determinants of Anemia among Pregnant Women at Public Hospitals in West Shewa, Central Ethiopia: A Case-Control Study. Berhanu ... Anemia and Its Determinants among Male and Female Adolescents in Southern Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study. Melat ... Magnitude of Anemia and Its Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care at Najo General Hospital, ... Prevalence of Anemia and Associated Factors among Secondary School Adolescent Girls in Jimma Town, Oromia Regional State, ...
Learn about our approach to treating Anemia and find information on signs and symptoms, diagnosis, and resources and support ... Mild anemia may cause minimal to no symptoms. With progressively worsening anemia, or anemia with sudden onset, people often ... Anemia can also cause pale skin, and if severe enough, a rapid heart rate. Some types of anemia can make the skin and the white ... Anemia. Signs and Symptoms Red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to other tissues. Therefore, anemia symptoms usually ...
The Cooleys Anemia Foundation strongly encourages you to consult your health care provider with any questions or concerns you ... The suggested donation is $10, and all proceeds will benefit the Cooleys Anemia Foundation. Bring your dancing shoes, and get ... 2023 Cooleys Anemia Foundation. 330 7th Ave Ste 200. New York, NY 10001. (212) 279-8090 ...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
Iron-deficiency anemia. Because iron-deficiency anemia is more common in athletes, its important to monitor iron status. ... Treating iron-deficiency anemia. Properly-diagnosed cases of iron-deficiency anemia should be treated with therapeutic doses of ... Iron-deficiency anemia occurs in three stages, with stage 3 having the most detrimental effect on athletic performance. ... Symptoms of iron-deficiency anemia include muscle burning, shortness of breath during exercise, nausea, frequent infections, ...
This review paper aims to: (1) assess the burden of anemia vs. iron deficiency anemia amongst women of reproductive age, ... Nutritional anaemia and obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: The protective role of breastfeeding for two years. ... Anemia is a multifactorial condition, with a complex etiology that involves nutritional and non-nutritional factors. The ... The aim of this study is to examine trends and relationships of nutritional anaemia in women and children under-five years of ...
  • Among those affected, the majority develop cancer , most often acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), and 90% develop aplastic anemia (the inability to produce blood cells) by age 40. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anemic disorders associated with orofacial signs and symptoms include iron deficiency anemia, Plummer-Vinson syndrome, megaloblastic anemia, sickle cell anemia, thalassaemia and aplastic anemia. (ijdr.in)
  • Aplastic anemia is a rare form of anemia, caused by damaged bone marrow. (i40club.com)
  • Aplastic Anemia is a blood disorder where bone marrow would not be able to produce enough blood cells. (ayurpedia.org)
  • Following is a proven remedy for Aplastic Anemia. (ayurpedia.org)
  • Common polymorphic deletion of glutathione S-transferase theta predisposes to acquired aplastic anemia: Independent cohort and meta-analysis of 609 patients. (medscape.com)
  • Aplastic anemia due to the progressive failure of the bone marrow, malignant neoplasias such as acute myeloid leukemia, liver tumors and squamous cell carcinoma are some of the possible evolutions of Fanconi Anemia. (bvsalud.org)
  • Autoimmune pathogenesis, immunosuppressive therapy and pharmacological mechanism in aplastic anemia. (bvsalud.org)
  • Acquired aplastic anemia (AA) is an autoimmune disease of bone marrow failure mediated by abnormally activated T cells , manifested by severe depletion of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) and peripheral blood cells . (bvsalud.org)
  • Deaths have been reported secondary to aplastic anemia. (cdc.gov)
  • About 2% of FA cases are X-linked recessive, which means that if the mother carries one mutated Fanconi anemia allele on one X chromosome , a 50% chance exists that male offspring will present with Fanconi anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some kids with anemia don't know they have it because they don't have any symptoms. (kidshealth.org)
  • What are the symptoms of iron-deficiency anemia? (nih.gov)
  • People with mild or moderate iron-deficiency anemia may not have any symptoms. (nih.gov)
  • More serious iron-deficiency anemia may cause common symptoms of anemia, such as tiredness, shortness of breath, or chest pain. (nih.gov)
  • Therefore, anemia symptoms usually relate to the tissues not receiving enough oxygen. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Mild anemia may cause minimal to no symptoms. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Symptoms of iron-deficiency anemia include muscle burning, shortness of breath during exercise, nausea, frequent infections, respiratory illnesses and a pale, washed-out appearance. (active.com)
  • A dog's symptoms of anemia may be subtle at first, mimicking fatigue from exercise or just having an 'off' day, but they will get progressively worse over several weeks. (thesprucepets.com)
  • Anemia symptoms reflect a lack of oxygen in a dog's blood, indicating that the dog is not capable of performing normal daily activities due to tiredness. (thesprucepets.com)
  • Combined with the appearance of pale skin and gums, the more vague symptoms of anemia are important initial clues in the diagnostic process. (thesprucepets.com)
  • The symptoms of iron deficiency anemia appear gradually and may not be noticed. (shoppersdrugmart.ca)
  • What are the symptoms of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia? (childrenshospital.org)
  • Because some of these symptoms can also point to other conditions, and because anemia itself can be a symptom of another medical problem, it's important to have your child evaluated by a qualified medical professional for an accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment . (childrenshospital.org)
  • What are the symptoms of Fanconi anemia in a child? (childrensnational.org)
  • This article will explore the symptoms of low iron and when we should call it anemia. (ingramer.org)
  • In case of mild anemia, you may not experience any symptoms. (ingramer.org)
  • Symptoms of anemia -- like fatigue -- occur because organs aren't getting what they need to function properly. (gmscaramel.com)
  • Anemia treatment should be explored as anemia is a common health condition that can cause a wide range of symptoms and, in some cases, lead to serious health problems. (i40club.com)
  • There are several types of anemia, each with their own range of symptoms, causes and anemia treatments. (i40club.com)
  • While anemia can cause distressing symptoms, most cases can be easily treated. (i40club.com)
  • Symptoms will depend on the type, cause and severity of anemia. (i40club.com)
  • Many symptoms associated with anemia are not caused by diminished RBC mass. (medscape.com)
  • Symptoms and mortality associated with rapidly developing anemia are more profound than in slowly developing anemia. (medscape.com)
  • November 3, 2021 - The Cooley's Anemia Foundation is accepting applications for medical research grants and fellowships in areas related to thalassemia. (thalassemia.org)
  • October 19, 2021 - Steve Hemraj, MPA is very excited and honored to join the team at Cooley's Anemia Foundation as its Patient Outreach Director. (thalassemia.org)
  • October 15, 2021 - The Cooley's Anemia Foundation is now accepting applications for its 2021-2022 Patient Incentive Awards, as well as the 2021-2022 Educational Incentive Awards for Children of Individuals with Thalassemia. (thalassemia.org)
  • Piriyakhuntorn P, Tantiworawit A, Rattanathammethee T, Chai-Adisaksopha C, Rattarittamrong E, Norasetthada L. The role of red cell distribution width in the differential diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia and non-transfusiondependent thalassemia patients. (medscape.com)
  • Due to the increased susceptibility to the development of cancer in this specific population, it is important for the dentist to know the common oral manifestations and potentially cancerous lesions, in order to make an early diagnosis in individuals with Fanconi Anemia. (bvsalud.org)
  • While the full IMCI process would have referred most of the children in Uganda and nearly all the children in Bangladesh with severe anaemia to hospital , few would have received a diagnosis of severe anaemia. (bvsalud.org)
  • Grunting may serve as a useful adjunct to pallor in the diagnosis of severe anaemia. (bvsalud.org)
  • Anemia (say: uh-NEE-mee-uh) happens when a person doesn't have the normal amount of red blood cells or if the person is low on hemoglobin (say: HEE - muh-glow-bin). (kidshealth.org)
  • To help diagnose iron-deficiency anemia, your doctor will order a blood test to check your complete blood count (CBC), hemoglobin levels, blood iron levels, and ferritin levels. (nih.gov)
  • Anemia is a decrease in the amount of oxygen-carrying substance (hemoglobin) found in red blood cells. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (Hct) measurements are the laboratory tests used most commonly in clinical and public health settings for screening for anemia. (cdc.gov)
  • Anemia refers to a condition in which a dog's blood has low red cells and/or hemoglobin, a component of blood that delivers oxygen to the cells and tissues of the body. (thesprucepets.com)
  • Anemia occurs when there isn't enough hemoglobin (an iron-protein compound in red blood cells that transports oxygen) in the blood and there are too few red blood cells. (shoppersdrugmart.ca)
  • Pregnant women who don't take iron supplements may develop iron deficiency anemia because their iron stores are used as a source of hemoglobin for the baby. (shoppersdrugmart.ca)
  • Anemia is a condition that develops when your blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells or hemoglobin. (gmscaramel.com)
  • When anemia is present, the level of hemoglobin in the blood is lower than normal. (i40club.com)
  • My father was suffering apastic anemia and he have sugar also.his condition is less than 4000 platelets, hemoglobin is 4-5,last month doctor was provide injection to his body,still not find any good result,can I suggest the above medicine at this situation.plz help me to out of this diease from my father,hopeing for your valuable response. (ayurpedia.org)
  • For example, ice chewing, calf cramps, and diminished capability to perform muscular work occur in iron deficiency anemia with a hemoglobin (Hb) level of 10-11 g/dL because of depletion of iron-containing proteins other than Hb. (medscape.com)
  • An integrated pharmacodynamic analysis of erythropoietin, reticulocyte, and hemoglobin responses in acute anemia. (medscape.com)
  • AOP is a normocytic, normochromic, hyporegenerative anemia characterized by a low serum EPO level, often despite a remarkably reduced hemoglobin concentration. (medscape.com)
  • 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) air concentrations, hemoglobin changes, and anemia cases in respirator protected TNT munitions demilitarization workers. (cdc.gov)
  • No studies encountered looked at hemoglobin change or anemia cases in respiratory protected workers. (cdc.gov)
  • It is hypothesized that respiratory protection is insufficient to protect TNT workers from the risk of anemia development and hemoglobin concentration drop. (cdc.gov)
  • Methods: A records review of eight groups of respiratory protected TNT workers' pre-exposure hemoglobin levels were compared with their during-exposure hemoglobin levels for statistically significant (alpha level 0.05) hemoglobin level changes, and anemia cases were recorded. (cdc.gov)
  • Results: Statistically significant hemoglobin level drops and anemia cases were apparent at TNT air concentrations about the REL and PEL in respiratory protected workers. (cdc.gov)
  • There were no anemia cases or statistically significant hemoglobin level drops at concentrations about the TLV, however. (cdc.gov)
  • With progressively worsening anemia, or anemia with sudden onset, people often experience fatigue or shortness of breath. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Those studies can help identify various causes of splenomegaly, such as sickle cell disease, spherocytosis, and other hereditary hemolytic anemias. (medscape.com)
  • It is helpful for people with a history of substance abuse, chronic liver issues from hepatitis and hemolytic anemias. (joyfulbelly.com)
  • To address this a multitude of public and NGO funded health programs are working towards achieving the 'Second Global Nutrition Target 2025' - a 50% reduction of anemia in women of reproductive age, as outlined in the Comprehensive Implementation Plan on Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition and endorsed by the 65th World Health Assembly (resolution WHA65.6). (news-medical.net)
  • The anaemia status of women of reproductive age is assessed using blood haemoglobin concentration. (who.int)
  • Parkin PC, DeGroot J, Maguire JL, Birken CS, Zlotkin S. Severe iron-deficiency anaemia and feeding practices in young children. (medscape.com)
  • Ahaptoglobinaemia and predisposition to iron-deficiency anaemia. (bmj.com)
  • Deaths from Iron-deficiency anaemia in 2012 per million persons. (news-medical.net)
  • Fast Five Quiz: Anemia - Medscape - Feb 20, 2019. (medscape.com)
  • Only 2 in 5 children 2-9 years used recommended medication that can prevent sickle cell anemia complications in 2019. (cdc.gov)
  • Band 3 null VIENNA , a novel homozygous SLC4A1 p.Ser477X variant causing severe hemolytic anemia, dyserythropoiesis and complete distal renal tubular acidosis. (medscape.com)
  • Therapeutic equivalence of epoetin zeta and alfa, administered subcutaneously, for maintenance treatment of renal anemia. (ccdrdag.com)
  • Recombinant human erythropoietin for chronic renal failure anaemia in pre-dialysis patients. (qxmd.com)
  • To assess the effects of rHu EPO use in pre-dialysis patients with renal anaemia. (qxmd.com)
  • Arsine causes massive hemolysis and results in anemia, jaundice, and hemoglobinuric renal failure. (cdc.gov)
  • Unexplained decline in the prevalence of anemia among US children and women between 1988-1994 and 1999-2002. (medscape.com)
  • During 2013-2016, the prevalence of anemia among persons aged 65 years or older increased with increasing age for both men and women. (cdc.gov)
  • Findings show a gradual decline in undernutrition indicators for children under five, a decline in the prevalence of anemia among the targeted women, and an increase of low birth weight in newborn infants. (who.int)
  • In Brazil, the prevalence of anemia among children has increased in the last three decades, especially among children under two years old. (bvsalud.org)
  • Chlorella pyrenoidosa Supplementation Reduces the Risk of Anemia, Proteinuria and Edema in Pregnant Women. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Poor vitamin D status increases the risk of anemia in school children. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Women, young children, and people with chronic diseases are at increased risk of anemia. (gmscaramel.com)
  • Some medications, such as PPI (proton pump inhibitors) are also thought to increase the risk of anemia, although no conclusive proof of a link has yet been found. (i40club.com)
  • Adenomyosis," I say, Googling it on my phone to make sure I get the definition right: A chronic condition in which the lining of the uterus breaks through the muscle wall, causing extensive bleeding, increased risk of anemia, heavy cramping, and severe bloating. (theatlantic.com)
  • Omonge E., Ogutu E.O., Aluoch J.R. Clinical and laboratory predictors of Cholelithiasis in patients with sickle cell anaemia. (ac.ke)
  • We therefore studied the role of clinical (Body Mass Index), haematological (reticulocyte count, haemoglobin level), and biochemical (serum bilirubin: direct and indirect, serum alkaline phosphatase, serum transaminase) indices in predicting sickle cell anaemia patients likely to develop gallstones. (ac.ke)
  • The term sickle-cell disease is preferred because it is more comprehensive than sickle-cell anaemia . (who.int)
  • Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA) is a group of rare, inherited, conditions characterized by ineffective red blood cell production. (childrenshospital.org)
  • How is congenital dyserythropoietic anemia diagnosed? (childrenshospital.org)
  • Fanconi Anemia is a recessive and rare genetic disorder, characterized by chromosomal instability that induces congenital alterations in individuals. (bvsalud.org)
  • Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare recessive genetic disorder that affects individuals of all ethnic and racial groups, although the disease is disproportionately more common among individuals of Jewish Ashkenazi (Eastern European) descent, with a carrier frequency of 1 in 90. (brighthub.com)
  • Accidental consumption or inhalation of chemicals and poisons, such as zinc or rat bait, can lead to anemia as it spreads through a dog's bloodstream and affects their red blood cells or ability to clot. (thesprucepets.com)
  • This means potatoes could play an important role in efforts to reduce iron deficiency - the leading cause of anemia, which affects about 2 billion people globally. (cipotato.org)
  • Pernicious anaemia affects approximately 1 in 10 adults over 75 and is estimated to affect about 1 in 10 000 people in northern Europe. (pr.com)
  • Anemia is the most common blood condition in the U.S. It affects about 3.5 million Americans. (gmscaramel.com)
  • Left untreated, anemia affects the immune system and increases vulnerability to infections and illness. (i40club.com)
  • Anemia affects one third of the global population , and iron deficiency is the most common cause. (medscape.com)
  • Sickle cell anemia, which primarily affects Black people, can shorten life expectancy by more than 20 years. (cdc.gov)
  • Sickle cell anemia, which primarily affects Black or African American people, is associated with a shorter life span and life-threatening complications that can affect all parts of the body. (cdc.gov)
  • When anemia affects children in the early years of life, it's effects may be irreversible, even with treatment. (bvsalud.org)
  • Often, practicing physicians overlook mild anemia. (medscape.com)
  • Though severe anemia is life-threatening and requires immediate veterinary attention, mild cases can be easier to reverse or manage. (thesprucepets.com)
  • Date palm consumption as a nutrition source for mild anemia. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Despite this broad indication, the incorporation of rHuEPO in clinical practice was limited because of a variety of factors, including physician perception that mild-to-moderate anemia in the cancer patient was generally asymptomatic and did not warrant intervention. (cancernetwork.com)
  • Based on this aggregate of data, the use of erythropoietin in the treatment of mild-to-moderate anemia has become a standard of care. (cancernetwork.com)
  • Combining "conjunctival or palmar pallor " detected 71-87% of moderate anaemia and half or more of mild anaemia. (bvsalud.org)
  • About half the children with no anaemia were incorrectly classified as having "moderate or mild" anaemia. (bvsalud.org)
  • The most common cause of vitamin B12 deficiency is an autoimmune disease called pernicious anemia , which damages the stomach. (i40club.com)
  • With pernicious anemia, the body is unable to absorb vitamin B12 through the stomach, leading to deficiency. (i40club.com)
  • Pernicious anemia is most common in older people, particularly women. (i40club.com)
  • A family history of the disease or other autoimmune diseases increases the risk of developing pernicious anemia. (i40club.com)
  • [ 12 ] Pernicious anemia is often detected incidentally in patients who are asymptomatic despite an Hb level as low as 6 g/dL. (medscape.com)
  • Anemia is a common symptom of chronic kidney disease (CKD). (greatist.com)
  • Anemia tends to develop in about 12% of patients with Chronic Kidney disease (CKD). (uclahealth.org)
  • Rates of anemia among agricultural workers, who are also at risk for kidney injury and chronic kidney disease of unknown cause (CKDu), are unknown. (cdc.gov)
  • This guideline covers diagnosing, assessing, managing and monitoring anaemia in people with chronic kidney disease. (bvsalud.org)
  • It aims to improve care for people with chronic kidney disease by specifying how to assess when their anaemia needs treating, and by making detailed recommendations on treatment with erythr. (bvsalud.org)
  • Fanconi anemia has an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fanconi anaemia ( FA ) is a rare genetic disease resulting in impaired response to DNA damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] The well-known cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are also examples of FA genes (FANCS and FANCD1 respectively), and biallelic mutation of any of the two genes usually results in an embryonically lethal outcome, and should the proband come to term, experience a severe form of Fanconi anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] [5] Some forms of Fanconi anemia, such as those of complementation group D1, N, and S, are embryonically lethal in most cases, which might account for the rare observation of these complementation groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • [8] Genetic counseling and genetic testing are recommended for families who may be carriers of Fanconi anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fanconi anemia was first described by Swiss pediatrician Guido Fanconi. (brighthub.com)
  • Fanconi anemia is a very rare genetic condition. (childrensnational.org)
  • Stem cell transplants offer the only cure for Fanconi anemia. (childrensnational.org)
  • What is Fanconi anemia in children? (childrensnational.org)
  • Fanconi anemia is a blood disorder. (childrensnational.org)
  • What causes Fanconi anemia in a child? (childrensnational.org)
  • Which children are at risk for Fanconi anemia? (childrensnational.org)
  • How is Fanconi anemia diagnosed in a child? (childrensnational.org)
  • Diagnosing Fanconi anemia is difficult. (childrensnational.org)
  • These experts will have experience in diagnosing Fanconi anemia. (childrensnational.org)
  • Join us this holiday season as we give people with Fanconi anemia more research and more hope! (fanconi.org)
  • Content on this website is the property of the Fanconi Anemia Research Fund and may only be reprinted with prior authorization. (fanconi.org)
  • The aim of this critical review of the literature was to discourse about the main oral manifestations and their involvement in the health of individuals who are ill with Fanconi Anemia. (bvsalud.org)
  • An increased risk for the development of malignant neoplasias in individuals with Fanconi Anemia has been reported, and this is progressive after bone marrow transplantation. (bvsalud.org)
  • Head and Neck Cancer Susceptibility and Metabolism in Fanconi Anemia. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Because representative data are not yet available for pregnant women, anemia reference values are based on the most current clinical studies available. (cdc.gov)
  • Data from regional database banks of WHO and UNICEF for anaemia in pregnant and non-pregnant women and children under-five years of age were used. (who.int)
  • In developing countries, about half of pregnant women and 40% of preschool children suffer anemia, which impairs children's physical and mental development, makes adults less productive, and contributes to about 20% of maternal deaths. (cipotato.org)
  • Anaemia prevalence among pregnant women is even higher at 61.8 per cent and during pregnancy only 27.7 per cent of women are reported consuming 100 IFA supplementation. (assamtribune.com)
  • If you are having trouble getting pregnant, low iron levels can effect your ability to get pregnant by up to 60% so get checked for anemia. (i40club.com)
  • For some other types of anemia, the kid may need to see a specialist and have other tests before treatment can start. (kidshealth.org)
  • Types of anemia include iron deficiency anemia, folate deficiency anemia, and vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, among others. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Some types of anemia can make the skin and the white part of the eyes turn yellow. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • there are several types of anemia. (shoppersdrugmart.ca)
  • There are more than 400 types of anemia. (greatist.com)
  • Scientist shows that pernicious anaemia is an autoimmune disease (the body attacks itself) and occurs when the secretion of gastric mucosal is deficient. (pr.com)
  • Ballin A, Hussein A, Vaknine H, Senecky Y, Avni Y, Schreiber L. Anemia associated with acute infection in children: an animal model. (medscape.com)
  • Anemia caused by an infection usually will go away when the infection is treated and the body gets healthy again. (kidshealth.org)
  • As a result, more than 50% of the children with the most severe form of the disease die before the age of five, usually from an infection or severe anaemia. (who.int)
  • Anemia in infants and children is associated with retardation in growth and cognitive development, and with lower resistance to infection. (bvsalud.org)
  • Anemia, like a fever, is a sign that requires investigation to determine the underlying etiology. (medscape.com)
  • The purpose of this article is to provide a method of determining the etiology of an anemia. (medscape.com)
  • Anemia is a multifactorial condition, with a complex etiology that involves nutritional and non-nutritional factors. (who.int)
  • Read more about the etiology of anemia . (medscape.com)
  • Pernicious anaemia is an inability for the body to absorb sufficient vitamin B12 into the body from the gastro-intestinal tract and accounts for 80% of all megaloblastic anaemia. (pr.com)
  • Pernicious anaemia is caused by a lack of vitamin B12 and the bodies inability to absorb B12 vitamins, which is essential for the creation of new red blood cells. (pr.com)
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia can be treated with a simple injection followed by vitamin supplements. (pr.com)
  • Deficiency of vitamin B12 and folic acid can also lead to anemia. (i40club.com)
  • Nutritional deficiencies of iron, vitamin E, vitamin B-12, and folate may exaggerate the degree of anemia, as may blood loss and/or a reduced red cell life span. (medscape.com)
  • The most serious complications of severe anemia arise from tissue hypoxia. (medscape.com)
  • EPO is synthesized in response to anemia and consequent relative tissue hypoxia. (medscape.com)
  • Whatever the cause, a person with severe anemia may need a blood transfusion . (kidshealth.org)
  • Some medicines, infections, and diseases also may cause anemia. (kidshealth.org)
  • Bacterial infections, tick-borne diseases, and infectious diseases such as Babesiosis can also affect red blood cells and cause anemia. (thesprucepets.com)
  • Chicken anemia virus (CAV) causes diseases in young chickens, which include increased pathogenicity of secondary infectious agents, generalized lymphoid depletion, and immunodepression. (frontiersin.org)
  • The aim of this paper is to review the literature and identify orofacial manifestations of hematological diseases, with particular reference to anemias and disorders of hemostasis. (ijdr.in)
  • A computerized literature search using MEDLINE was conducted for published articles on orofacial manifestations of hematological diseases, with emphasis on anemia. (ijdr.in)
  • Many countries, however, don't have the resources to do such screening or provide the necessary lifelong care needed to keep people with sickle cell anemia healthy. (npr.org)
  • Everyone can help improve care for people with sickle cell anemia by taking steps to address racism and prejudice. (cdc.gov)
  • The suggested donation is $10, and all proceeds will benefit the Cooley's Anemia Foundation. (thalassemia.org)
  • The Cooley's Anemia Foundation strongly encourages you to consult your health care provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition. (thalassemia.org)
  • We estimate that it's about 300,000 births affected with sickle cell anemia per year," Piel says. (npr.org)
  • Thus, criteria for anemia should be specific for age, sex, and stage of pregnancy. (cdc.gov)
  • Current major reference criteria for anemia, however, are not based on representative samples and fail to take into account the normal hematologic changes occurring during pregnancy. (cdc.gov)
  • Because of the change of Hb and Hct during pregnancy, anemia must be characterized according to the specific stage of pregnancy. (cdc.gov)
  • Nutritional anaemia during pregnancy increases regional rates of low birth weight, stunting and mortality. (who.int)
  • Medindia provides you with the latest news and research breakthroughs on Diet for Anemia in Pregnancy. (medindia.net)
  • Adebisi OY, Strayhorn G. Anemia in pregnancy and race in the United States: blacks at risk. (medscape.com)
  • Go to Anemia , Pediatric Chronic Anemia , Anemia and Thrombocytopenia in Pregnancy , and Acute Anemia for complete information on these topics. (medscape.com)
  • Several treatments can be used to treat anemia. (nih.gov)
  • There are screenings and treatments available to ease children's suffering from sickle cell anemia. (cdc.gov)
  • Sickle Cell Anemia (SCA) is a hereditary hemolytic disease which causes complex and several clinical manifestations. (fapesp.br)
  • Arteriolar lesions with localized platelet thrombi and fibrin deposits lead to thrombocytopenia and hemolytic anemia. (medscape.com)
  • The new criteria may also be useful for defining anemia in clinical research and nutrition surveys. (cdc.gov)
  • Our program provides comprehensive care for children with all types of rare anemias and iron disorders, as well as ongoing medical management and access to new treatment approaches through our clinical research. (childrenshospital.org)
  • The clinical indication was to decrease the need for transfusion in patients for whom anemia was not due to other reversible causes. (cancernetwork.com)
  • Mugisha JO, Baisley K, Asiki G, Seeley J, Kuper H. Prevalence, types, risk factors and clinical correlates of anaemia in older people in a rural Ugandan population. (healthdata.org)
  • The object of this study was to assess the ability of pallor and other clinical signs, including those in the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness ( IMCI ) guidelines developed by WHO and UNICEF , to identify severe anaemia and some anaemia in developing country settings with and without malaria . (bvsalud.org)
  • Using the haematocrit or haemoglobin level as the reference standard , the correctness of assessments using severe and some pallor and other clinical signs in classifying severe and some anaemia was determined. (bvsalud.org)
  • Our results show that simple clinical signs can correctly classify the anaemia status of most children . (bvsalud.org)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Fanconi's anemia. (who.int)
  • Fanconi's anemia. (who.int)
  • Iron-deficiency anemia is a type of anemia that develops if you do not have enough iron in your body. (nih.gov)
  • It is the most common type of anemia. (nih.gov)
  • Each type of anemia is treated differently. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Here's a breakdown of each type of anemia and what can cause it. (greatist.com)
  • This type of anemia occurs when your body kills red blood cells faster than it can replace them. (greatist.com)
  • Anemia was present among 13% of workers, 70% of which were normochromic normocytic, a type of anemia suggesting potential underlying chronic disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Losing a little blood over a long period of time also can lead to anemia. (kidshealth.org)
  • This form of anemia occurs quite often in pre-menopausal women because women lose blood during menstruation. (shoppersdrugmart.ca)
  • Hepatosplenomegaly, gallbladder stones , and a milder form of anemia. (childrenshospital.org)
  • This rare form of anemia happens when your body doesn't make enough red blood cells. (greatist.com)
  • It can help rule out causes of anemia other than CKD. (uclahealth.org)
  • Other causes of anemia include cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, coeliac disease, kidney failure and bowel disease. (i40club.com)
  • Children with a blood level measurement and assessment of pallor at both sites were included in the anaemia analysis . (bvsalud.org)
  • Palmar pallor did not work as well as conjunctival pallor in Bangladesh for the detection for severe or some anaemia. (bvsalud.org)
  • Pale gums , lethargy , or weight loss may all indicate anemia and should be investigated by a veterinarian to determine the cause and course of treatment. (thesprucepets.com)
  • Anemia in 85-year-old subjects is associated with folate deficiency and elevated homocysteine levels. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Anemia causes weakness, pale skin, and general tiredness (fatigue). (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Polimorfismos GSTM1, GSTT1 e GSTP1 da enzima Glutationa S-transferase como fatores moduladores do fenótipo na anemia falciforme. (fapesp.br)
  • In pediatrics beyond the immediate neonatal period, acute anemia is uncommon in otherwise healthy children. (medscape.com)
  • The most common reason for hospitalization due to acute anemia is so-called aplastic crisis in children with chronic hemolytic anemia who otherwise had been stable. (medscape.com)
  • Alder L, Tambe A. Acute Anemia. (medscape.com)
  • Acute silent cerebral ischemia and infarction during acute anemia in children with and without sickle cell disease. (medscape.com)
  • In general, anemia screening to detect iron deficiency is not indicated for infants less than 6 months of age because younger infants usually have adequate iron nutritional status (6). (cdc.gov)
  • Amy was diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia, one of the most common nutritional deficiencies among female athletes. (active.com)
  • The aim of this study is to examine trends and relationships of nutritional anaemia in women and children under-five years of age with obesity and breastfeeding practices in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. (who.int)
  • Anemia, specially iron deficiency anemia, is one of the most common nutritional problem. (bvsalud.org)
  • Megaloblastic anemia is a type of macrocytic anemia . (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] Megaloblastic anemia results from inhibition of DNA synthesis during red blood cell production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Megaloblastic anemia has a rather slow onset, especially when compared to that of other anemias. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peripheral blood smear showing hypersegmented neutrophils, characteristic of megaloblastic anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Megaloblastic anemia not due to hypovitaminosis may be caused by antimetabolites that poison DNA production directly, such as some chemotherapeutic or antimicrobial agents (for example azathioprine or trimethoprim ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHu EPO) in dialysis patients has been shown to be highly effective in terms of correcting anaemia and improving quality of life. (qxmd.com)
  • Anemia can be caused by blood loss or bleeding, an increase in the destruction of red blood cells, or a decrease in the production of red blood cells. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • The resulting loss of red blood cells can result in anemia, especially in puppies and smaller dogs. (thesprucepets.com)
  • Anemia happens when your body does not produce enough healthy red blood cells. (greatist.com)
  • Anemia is a condition that can occur if you don't have enough healthy red blood cells. (greatist.com)
  • Certain conditions interfere with the production of red blood cells and have close links to anemia. (greatist.com)
  • If your cat has anemia, there's been a drop in the number of his red blood cells or his red blood cells aren't functioning properly. (pethealthnetwork.com)
  • Anemia is a condition caused by a lack of red blood cells in the blood. (uclahealth.org)
  • Anemia is a health condition characterized by a reduction in the number of healthy red blood cells in the blood. (i40club.com)
  • Hemolytic anemia is a rare condition in which red blood cells are destroyed by the body. (i40club.com)
  • Medical implants, such as heart valves, can sometimes destroy blood cells, leading to anemia. (i40club.com)
  • Sickle cell anemia is the most severe form of sickle cell disease , a group of inherited red blood cell disorders causing unusually shaped, hard, and sticky red blood cells. (cdc.gov)
  • Eventually they may develop anemia , which is when the body has too few red blood cells. (kidshealth.org)
  • Sherry B, Mei Z, Yip R. Continuation of the decline in prevalence of anemia in low-income infants and children in five states. (medscape.com)
  • Even though no data are available from NHANES II to determine anemia cutoffs for infants less than 1 year of age, cutoff values for children 1-2 years can be extrapolated back to 6 months of age. (cdc.gov)
  • Anemia is a problem of the poor and underserved and the most vulnerable population groups are women, infants and children. (news-medical.net)
  • If infants, children, or adolescents have rapid growth spurts, they may get iron deficiency anemia. (shoppersdrugmart.ca)
  • Infants with anemia who are not treated can develop growth and learning difficulties. (shoppersdrugmart.ca)
  • Silva DG, Priore SE, Franceschini Sdo C. Risk factors for anemia in infants assisted by public health services: the importance of feeding practices and iron supplementation. (medscape.com)
  • Overtraining, stress, or many other external factors can cause fatigue, but many cases of fatigue are attributable to a lack of iron in the blood, a condition known as anemia. (active.com)