Ancylostomatoidea: A superfamily of nematode parasitic hookworms consisting of four genera: ANCYLOSTOMA; NECATOR; Bunostomum; and Uncinaria. ANCYLOSTOMA and NECATOR occur in humans and other mammals. Bunostomum is common in ruminants and Uncinaria in wolves, foxes, and dogs.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Dictionaries, ChemicalCaenorhabditis elegans: A species of nematode that is widely used in biological, biochemical, and genetic studies.Nematode Infections: Infections by nematodes, general or unspecified.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Entomology: A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.Moon: The natural satellite of the planet Earth. It includes the lunar cycles or phases, the lunar month, lunar landscapes, geography, and soil.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Floods: Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.Forensic Sciences: Disciplines that apply sciences to law. Forensic sciences include a wide range of disciplines, such as FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY; FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY; FORENSIC MEDICINE; FORENSIC DENTISTRY; and others.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Ancylostoma: A genus of nematode intestinal parasites that consists of several species. A. duodenale is the common hookworm in humans. A. braziliense, A. ceylonicum, and A. caninum occur primarily in cats and dogs, but all have been known to occur in humans.Hookworm Infections: Infection of humans or animals with hookworms other than those caused by the genus Ancylostoma or Necator, for which the specific terms ANCYLOSTOMIASIS and NECATORIASIS are available.Ancylostomiasis: Infection of humans or animals with hookworms of the genus ANCYLOSTOMA. Characteristics include anemia, dyspepsia, eosinophilia, and abdominal swelling.Necator americanus: A common parasite of humans in the moist tropics and subtropics. These organisms attach to villi in the small intestine and suck blood causing diarrhea, anorexia, and anemia.Necatoriasis: Infection of humans or animals with hookworms of the genus NECATOR. The resulting anemia from this condition is less severe than that from ANCYLOSTOMIASIS.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Zimbabwe: A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.Parasitology: The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Parasitic Diseases: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Veterinary Drugs: Drugs used by veterinarians in the treatment of animal diseases. The veterinarian's pharmacological armamentarium is the counterpart of drugs treating human diseases, with dosage and administration adjusted to the size, weight, disease, and idiosyncrasies of the species. In the United States most drugs are subject to federal regulations with special reference to the safety of drugs and residues in edible animal products.Foxes: Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.Schools, Veterinary: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of veterinary medicine.Duddingtonia: A genus of ascomycetous mitosporic fungi in the family Orbiliaceae. It is used for the biological control of nematodes in livestock.Antibodies, Helminth: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.Th2 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.Th1 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Pharmacy Administration: The business and managerial aspects of pharmacy in its broadest sense.TaiwanPorifera: The phylum of sponges which are sessile, suspension-feeding, multicellular animals that utilize flagellated cells called choanocytes to circulate water. Most are hermaphroditic. They are probably an early evolutionary side branch that gave rise to no other group of animals. Except for about 150 freshwater species, sponges are marine animals. They are a source of ALKALOIDS; STEROLS; and other complex molecules useful in medicine and biological research.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Invertebrates: Animals that have no spinal column.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Placozoa: A phylum of primitive invertebrate animals that exemplify a simple body organization. Trichoplax adhaerens is considered a key species for early metazoan evolution.

A common muscarinic pathway for diapause recovery in the distantly related nematode species Caenorhabditis elegans and Ancylostoma caninum. (1/92)

Converging TGF-beta and insulin-like neuroendocrine signaling pathways regulate whether Caenorhabditis elegans develops reproductively or arrests at the dauer larval stage. We examined whether neurotransmitters act in the dauer entry or recovery pathways. Muscarinic agonists promote recovery from dauer arrest induced by pheromone as well as by mutations in the TGF-beta pathway. Dauer recovery in these animals is inhibited by the muscarinic antagonist atropine. Muscarinic agonists do not induce dauer recovery of either daf-2 or age-1 mutant animals, which have defects in the insulin-like signaling pathway. These data suggest that a metabotropic acetylcholine signaling pathway activates an insulin-like signal during C. elegans dauer recovery. Analogous and perhaps homologous cholinergic regulation of mammalian insulin release by the autonomic nervous system has been noted. In the parasitic nematode Ancylostoma caninum, the dauer larval stage is the infective stage, and recovery to the reproductive stage normally is induced by host factors. Muscarinic agonists also induce and atropine potently inhibits in vitro recovery of A. caninum dauer arrest. We suggest that host or parasite insulin-like signals may regulate recovery of A. caninum and could be potential targets for antihelminthic drugs.  (+info)

Nippostrongylus brasiliensis in young rats. Lymphocytes expel larval infections but not adult worms. (2/92)

Young rats were not able to expel adult N. brasiliensis infections even when the worms were damaged by antibodies and the young rats were given all the cellular components (sensitized lymphocytes and bone marrow cells) shown to be necessary for the expulsion of antibody-damaged worms from adult rats. In contrast, most of the worms were expelled from young rats given sensitized lymph node cells on the day of a larval infection. These results show that the reduced ability of young rats to respond to infection by producing sensitized lymphocytes only partly explains their inability to expel the worms. It was not possible to explain the failure of young rats to expel adult worms by hypothesizing that they develop an active factor which prevents the cells from acting on the worms. It is also unlikely that worms persist in young rats because they differ in their susceptibility to cells compared with antibody-damaged worms from mature rats. This work suggests that the immune mechanism which affects the immature stages of this nematode may differ from that which controls the adult stages.  (+info)

Immune responses in hookworm infections. (3/92)

Hookworms infect perhaps one-fifth of the entire human population, yet little is known about their interaction with our immune system. The two major species are Necator americanus, which is adapted to tropical conditions, and Ancylostoma duodenale, which predominates in more temperate zones. While having many common features, they also differ in several key aspects of their biology. Host immune responses are triggered by larval invasion of the skin, larval migration through the circulation and lungs, and worm establishment in the intestine, where adult worms feed on blood and mucosa while injecting various molecules that facilitate feeding and modulate host protective responses. Despite repeated exposure, protective immunity does not seem to develop in humans, so that infections occur in all age groups (depending on exposure patterns) and tend to be prolonged. Responses to both larval and adult worms have a characteristic T-helper type 2 profile, with activated mast cells in the gut mucosa, elevated levels of circulating immunoglobulin E, and eosinophilia in the peripheral blood and local tissues, features also characteristic of type I hypersensitivity reactions. The longevity of adult hookworms is determined probably more by parasite genetics than by host immunity. However, many of the proteins released by the parasites seem to have immunomodulatory activity, presumably for self-protection. Advances in molecular biotechnology enable the identification and characterization of increasing numbers of these parasite molecules and should enhance our detailed understanding of the protective and pathogenetic mechanisms in hookworm infections.  (+info)

Cleavage of hemoglobin by hookworm cathepsin D aspartic proteases and its potential contribution to host specificity. (4/92)

Hookworms routinely reach the gut of nonpermissive hosts but fail to successfully feed, develop, and reproduce. To investigate the effects of host-parasite coevolution on the ability of hookworms to feed in nonpermissive hosts, we cloned and expressed aspartic proteases from canine and human hookworms. We show here that a cathepsin D-like protease from the canine hookworm Ancylosotoma caninum (Ac-APR-1) and the orthologous protease from the human hookworm Necator americanus (Na-APR-1) are expressed in the gut and probably exert their proteolytic activity extracellularly. Both proteases were detected immunologically and enzymatically in somatic extracts of adult worms. The two proteases were expressed in baculovirus, and both cleaved human and dog hemoglobin (Hb) in vitro. Each protease digested Hb from its permissive host between twofold (whole molecule) and sixfold (synthetic peptides) more efficiently than Hb from the nonpermissive host, despite the two proteases' having identical residues lining their active site clefts. Furthermore, both proteases cleaved Hb at numerous distinct sites and showed different substrate preferences. The findings suggest that the paradigm of matching the molecular structure of the food source within a host to the molecular structure of the catabolic proteases of the parasite is an important contributing factor for host-parasite compatibility and host species range.  (+info)

Ultrastructure of the adults of Bunostomium phlebotomum (Nematoda: Ancylostomatidae). (5/92)

The morphology of the male and female of Bunostomum phlebotomum are described based on scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations. The attachment of the worms to the small intestinal mucosa and during the copula were observed. Structures of the buccal capsule and genital organs were also studied.  (+info)

Impact of antihelminthic treatment on infection by Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworms in Covas, a rural community of Pernambuco, Brazil. (6/92)

This work aims to evaluate the impact of drug treatment on infection by Ascaris lumbricoides (Al), Trichuris trichiura (Tt) and hookworms (Hook) in a rural community from the sugar-cane zone of Pernambuco, Brazil. Four parasitological surveys were carried out from March 2001 to March 2002. Individual diagnosis was based on eight slides (four by the Kato-Katz method and four by the Hoffman method) per survey. Infected subjects were assigned to two groups for treatment with either albendazole (n = 62) or mebendazole (n = 57). Prevalence of infection fell significantly (p < 0.05) one month after treatment: Al (from 47.7% to 6.6%); Tt (from 45.7% to 31.8%) and Hook (from 47.7% to 24.5%). One year after treatment, infections by Tt and Hook remained significantly below pre-control levels. A substantial decrease in single-infection cases and multiple infections was found. Egg-negative rate was significant for Al (94.0%), Hook (68.3%) but not for Tt (45.5%), and did not differ significantly between subjects treated with mebendazole or albendazole. Egg counts fell significantly in the individuals remaining positive for Tt. It is recommended that antihelminthic treatment should be selective and given at yearly intervals preferably with albendazole, due to its cost-effectiveness.  (+info)

Helminth infection is not associated with faster progression of HIV disease in coinfected adults in Uganda. (7/92)

BACKGROUND: We studied a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults in Uganda who were not receiving antiretroviral therapy, to explore the impact of helminths on HIV progression in areas where antiretrovirals are not available. METHODS: A total of 663 patients were screened for helminths, treated presumptively with albendazole and selectively with praziquantel, and monitored for 6 months. Blood samples were analyzed for CD4+ cell count and HIV-1 RNA. RESULTS: Schistosoma mansoni, hookworm, Strongyloides stercoralis, and Mansonella perstans were the most prevalent helminths. Helminth infection was not associated with higher viral load, lower CD4+ cell count, or faster decrease in CD4+ cell count preceding antihelminthic therapy. The effect of coinfection on HIV disease progression varied with species. CD4+ cell counts were highest in subjects with hookworm and Mansonella perstans infection. For most helminths, effective treatment was associated with greater decrease in CD4+ cell count than in those in whom infection was still present at follow-up. A highly significant decrease in viral load at 6 months was seen in patients with persistent Mansonella perstans infection at follow-up. Mortality was lower in subjects with hookworm infection at enrollment. CONCLUSION: Helminth infection was not associated with more-advanced HIV disease or faster disease progression. Antihelminthic therapy may not be beneficial in slowing HIV progression in coinfected adults.  (+info)

An in vitro larval motility assay to determine anthelmintic sensitivity for human hookworm and Strongyloides species. (8/92)

With the implementation of programs to control lymphatic filariasis and soil-transmitted helminths using broad spectrum anthelmintics, including albendazole and ivermectin, there is a need to develop an in vitro assay for detection of drug resistance. This report describes an in vitro assay for measuring the effects of ivermectin and benzimidazoles on the motility of larvae of the hookworm species Ancylostoma ceylanicum, A. caninum, and Necator americanus, and Strongyloides species including Strongyloides stercoralis, and S. ratti. A dose-response relationship was demonstrated with each of the parasite species, with distinct differences observed between the various species. In pilot field testing of the assay with N. americanus larvae recovered from human fecal samples, a dose-response relationship was observed with ivermectin. While the assay has demonstrated the ability to determine drug responsiveness, its usefulness in resistance detection will require correlation with the clinical outcome among individuals infected with parasite strains showing different drug sensitivities.  (+info)

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Foreword. Foreword to the first edition. Preface. Preface to the first edition. 1 Introduction or Exploration. Exercises. 2 Main Ideas: Gittins Index. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Decision processes. 2.3 Simple families of alternative bandit processes. 2.4 Dynamic programming. 2.5 Gittins index theorem. 2.6 Gittins index. 2.7 Proof of the index theorem by interchanging bandit portions. 2.8 Continuous-time bandit processes. 2.9 Proof of the index theorem by induction and interchange argument. 2.10 Calculation of Gittins indices. 2.11 Monotonicity conditions. 2.12 History of the index theorem. 2.13 Some decision process theory. Exercises. 3 Necessary Assumptions for Indices. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Jobs. 3.3 Continuous-time jobs. 3.4 Necessary assumptions. 3.5 Beyond the necessary assumptions. Exercises. 4 Superprocesses, Precedence Constraints and Arrivals. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Bandit superprocesses. 4.3 The index theorem for superprocesses. 4.4 Stoppable bandit processes. 4.5 Proof of the index theorem ...
Meaning and definition of the name Bandit. Learn the meaning of Bandit, learn about the origin of the name Bandit and find other information about the name Bandit.
The Intimidator™ 18XP is Bandits most popular hand-fed drum-style chipper. With a 19.75-inch by 20.5-inch throat opening, 37-inch diameter drum, aggressive engine options and Bandits Slide Box Feed System it absolutely dominates everything else in the 18-inch chipper category. Its designed for tree services and municipalities that regularly work both small projects and big takedowns, yet still want a machine thats easy to maneuver and transport.. ...
Fangrrls is about kicking down doors, breaking boundaries and celebrating female fans with fun, witty and entertaining content ...
Effort holds potential to control disease plaguing nearly 700 million people. AMSTERDAM & WASHINGTON, DC - September 26, 2013 - The HOOKVAC consortium, led by the Academic Medical Center (AMC) at the University of Amsterdam, today announced it has been awarded a grant of six million Euros from the European Commission FP7 programme to expand the Sabin Vaccine Institute Product Development Partnerships (Sabin PDP) work to develop and test a vaccine for human hookworm, a disease that infects 600-700 million of the worlds poorest people. Under this grant, the HOOKVAC consortium, which includes partners from the European Union, United States and Africa, will begin the first clinical testing of the human hookworm vaccine in the West African nation of Gabon.. The HOOKVAC consortium will build on the clinical development of a safe and cost-effective hookworm vaccine by conducting clinical Phase I studies that test two previously identified lead candidate antigens, Na-GST-1 and Na-APR-1, in African ...
Today, the Sabin Vaccine Institute, in partnership with the George Washington University and the Childrens National Medical Center, began vaccinating participants for a Phase 1 clinical trial of a novel human hookworm vaccine. The trial will investigate the Na-GST-1 antigen developed by the Sabin Vaccine Institute Product Development Partnership to prevent hookworm infections in endemic areas.
The WHO treatment guidelines for the soil-transmitted helminths (STH) focus on targeting children for the control of morbidity induced by heavy infections. However, unlike the other STHs, the majority of hookworm infections are harboured by adults. This untreated burden may have important implications for controlling both hookworms morbidity and transmission. This is particularly significant in the context of the increased interest in investigating STH elimination strategies. We used a deterministic STH transmission model and parameter estimates derived from field epidemiological studies to evaluate the impact of child-targeted (2-14 year olds) versus community-wide treatment against hookworm in terms of preventing morbidity and the timeframe for breaking transmission. Furthermore, we investigated how mass treatment may influence the long-term programmatic costs of preventive chemotherapy for hookworm. The model projected that a large proportion of the overall morbidity due to hookworm was unaffected
But the bandit didnt speak English, and the Ranger didnt speak Spanish. Fortunately, an interpreter was in the saloon and offers to translate for the Ranger. He tells the bandit he is under arrest, and the ranger wants to know where he hid the loot. The bandit replies in Spanish, "Vete al infierno!". The ranger tells the translator "Did you tell him I will shoot him, if he doesnt tell me?". The translator repeats this to the bandit. The bandit spits at the ranger. The ranger shoots him in the kneecap and puts the gun again to the bandits head. He tells the translator "Tell him this is his last chance. He tells me where the money is, or I kill him ...
But the bandit didnt speak English, and the Ranger didnt speak Spanish. Fortunately, an interpreter was in the saloon and offers to translate for the Ranger. He tells the bandit he is under arrest, and the ranger wants to know where he hid the loot. The bandit replies in Spanish, "Vete al infierno!". The ranger tells the translator "Did you tell him I will shoot him, if he doesnt tell me?". The translator repeats this to the bandit. The bandit spits at the ranger. The ranger shoots him in the kneecap and puts the gun again to the bandits head. He tells the translator "Tell him this is his last chance. He tells me where the money is, or I kill him ...
Is a sexy masked bandit/cat burglar too much to ask for? Really, Universe? REALLY? Just one of these, just ONE in the rats nest of banditry that is My Neighborhood? Guess not, eh? Well, let me tell you about the cat burglar/bandit who broke into my apartment recently. S/he/it looked nothing like any of the…
The Belly Bandit post-pregnancy wrap might help your tummy return to its former glory faster. Learn more in this Belly Bandit wrap review.
Since 1999, Bandits Goalie School has prided itself on training, educating and mentoring some of the best goalies in North America. The relationships that ha...
Bandit Industries is proud to be a supporter and sponsor of the annual Cans From Race Fans food drive that merges the generosity of racing fans with the need of a local soup kitchen. Over the last eight years, more than 60,000 pounds of food and thousands of dollars have been raised and donated in Isabella County, Mich., because of the unwavering generosity of the Isabella County community. (ID::26208)
This product is a packet of comprehension questions for the a to z mysteries book: The Bald Bandit. There are questions for each chapter. It is a good way to for the students to practice answering in complete sentences and "turning the question around".
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Use your best strategy and get rid of the animals trying to destroy your territory. Place your tools and click on BEGIN RAID to let the animals come and kill them automatically. Play with your mouse.
What happens when you cross post-apocalyptic vehicular combat, dualing armies of biker clones, a surf rock soundtrack that sounds right out of Six String Samurai, and more explosions than Michael Bays wet dreams?
Directed by Barry Levinson. With Bruce Willis, Billy Bob Thornton, Cate Blanchett, Troy Garity. Two bank robbers fall in love with the girl theyve kidnapped.
Did you notice something wrong? Or that something important didnt get mentioned? In spite of our best efforts, mistakes occur, even in the Handbook of Texas. Please let us know if you have any revisions to suggest. These may include typographical or factual corrections, as well as additional information.
Abstract. We report a case of hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans diagnosed microscopically. Viable hookworm larvae were found by microscopic examination of a skin scraping from follicular lesions. Amplification and sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer 2 allowed the specific identification of the larvae as Ancylostoma braziliense.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Quantitative genetic analysis of susceptibility to hookworm infection in a population from rural Zimbabwe. AU - Williams-Blangero, S.. AU - Blangero, J.. AU - Bradley, M.. PY - 1997/4/1. Y1 - 1997/4/1. N2 - Overdispersion is a common feature of population distribution patterns for hookworm infection in humans. Genetic factors may be partially responsible for this observed increased susceptibility in a fraction of the exposed population. However, the hypothesis that there are genetic components to susceptibility to this infections disease has not been tested explicitly. The purpose of this study is to quantify the influence of genetic factors on patterns of hookworm infection in a rural population in Zimbabwe. A quantitative measure of hookworm load, number of hookworm eggs per gram of feces, as determined by the Kato thick smear technique, was available for 289 individuals. Of these, 279 individual were members of 62 nuclear families and 10 were independent individuals. We ...
Results:. The infections in three of the patients were diagnosed during the initial 6 years and six in the last 2 years. All owned a dog and described activity potentially exposing them to infection with canine hookworm larvae. Three patients had a laparotomy for acute abdominal pain, and six had colonoscopies (five with pain and one without symptoms). Six of the nine had blood eosinophilia (mean, 0.97 × 109/L), and five of eight had elevated immunoglobulin E levels (mean level, 756 µg/L); six of eight had eosinophilic inflammation of the gut. In six patients, the worm was identified as A. caninum, whereas in three, damage to the specimen did not allow specific identification; however, they were unlikely to be human parasite species. Although all parasites were in the adult stage, none were sexually mature. Positive serologic findings in seven of the eight patients tested confirmed presence of antibody to the parasite. ...
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With an estimated 740 million individuals infected, hookworm is a major public health concern. While hookworm infection may not directly lead to mortality, its effects on morbidity demand immediate attention. When considering disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), neglected tropical diseases, including hookworm, rank among diarrheal diseases, ischemic heart disease, malaria, and tuberculosis as one of the most important health problems of the developing world.. It has been estimated that as many as 22.1 million DALYs have been lost due to hookworm. Recently, there has been increasing interest to address the public health concerns associated with hookworm. For example, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation recently donated US$34 million to fight Neglected Tropical Diseases including hookworm infection.[13] Former US President Clinton also announced a mega-commitment at the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) 2008 Annual Meeting to de-worm 10 million children.[14]. Most of these public health concerns ...
Hookworm infection, a parasitic intestinal infection is more prevalent in places with poor sanitation and hygiene as the hookworms spread through contaminated soil.
A paper published in this weeks PLoS Medicine shows that vacci... Hookworms are intestinal parasites of mammals including humans...These results set the stage for the next stage of vaccine developme......,Candidate,hookworm,vaccine,shows,benefits,in,animal,study,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Hookworm infection is defined as any infection caused by Ankylostoma or Nectar. Infection of either or both the organisms can occur in the same person.
Due to the recent announcements in relation to COVID-19, BlockchainNZ has made the decision to postpone this upcoming event. We are working to find a new date for this event which will be after 30 April. Keep an eye on our newsletters for updates on this event and more ...
Define Brickmaker's anæmia. Brickmaker's anæmia synonyms, Brickmaker's anæmia pronunciation, Brickmaker's anæmia translation, English dictionary definition of Brickmaker's anæmia. n. Any of numerous small parasitic nematode worms of the family Ancylostomatidae having hooklike mouthparts with which they fasten to the intestinal walls...
MDA for the neglected diseases of neglected populations is neither an exclusively tropical nor recent phenomenon. In 1910, for instance, the Rockefeller Sanitary Commission (RSC) found that 40% of school-aged children in the deep south of the USA were infected with STHs, and in particular hookworm [16]. The RSC sponsored an antihelminthic MDA campaign, combined with sanitation and education, across the region which substantially reduced hookworm infection prevalence levels, intensities and morbidity. Moreover, areas with higher levels of hookworm infection prior to the RSC MDA control programme showed greater increases in school enrolment, attendance and literacy after the intervention, and long-term follow-ups indicated a substantial gain in income that coincided with inclusions within this hookworm MDA programme [16]. Such success in terms of the health, education and economic development of those poorest of the poor within the USA lends support in favour of the contribution of MDA to similar ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
By Tim Barlow Lets get one thing out of the way, this is a very creatively envisioned movie, from the script and plot to the sets and costumes, Time Bandits feels original and imaginative. And despite dipping into some familiar waters: time travel, disenfranchised children escaping home, Sean Connery in a leather skirt, etc..., it…
Increasing attacks by groups of bandits along the main routes through Nigers northern Agadez region threaten the security of travellers and jeopardize safe transport and commerce.
Bandit, the worlds heaviest raccoon, died Saturday at his owners house in Palmerton, ending an eventful 10-year life that included international attention and listings as a Guinness World Record
Its not often that concert-goers can experience a song with 500 million YouTube views in a venue with a 200-person capacity: Wednesday the 7th was an exception. Clean Bandit are a homegrown electronic band who have earned stardom through musical fusions, their songs Rather Be and Rockabye have garnered transatlantic support and Grammy Awards. The […]
The bandits were banished from the farm. We released them in fields far, far away from our ducks.. Much more happened this week that I hope to eventually get the opportunity to share. My weekly blogging schedule has been a bit derailed by the 500 preschoolers I have 45 days to meet, a rapidly approaching deadline for an article, the start of a new semester, and the contemplation of how I wind up in these situations.. ...
Nom dune pipe ! Jai rien bu ! Bandit, 2 albums. Le premier selftitle a le mérite davoir un sacré vocal, il nest pas présent sur le second album ( seconde vidéo ). Sur le second album seul McIntosh est encore présent de la formation originelle. ...
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Thanks to the scientists who managed to unravel the genome of the hookworm, new remedies for this disease-causing parasite that affects 700 million people will now be developed
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Credit goes to Time Bandits (a really great movie), which is exactly what Ive been feeling like lately. Where does the time go? Ive been working on a lot of
miRNAs are known to play important roles in the diagnosis and prognosis of many cancers, and they are useful in developing targeted therapies
ID A0A016UVF9_9BILA Unreviewed; 993 AA. AC A0A016UVF9; DT 11-JUN-2014, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 11-JUN-2014, sequence version 1. DT 20-DEC-2017, entry version 12. DE RecName: Full=V-type proton ATPase subunit a {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU361189}; GN Name=Acey_s0024.g1072 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EYC19414.1}; GN ORFNames=Y032_0024g1072 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EYC19414.1}; OS Ancylostoma ceylanicum. OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Ecdysozoa; Nematoda; Chromadorea; Rhabditida; OC Strongylida; Ancylostomatoidea; Ancylostomatidae; Ancylostomatinae; OC Ancylostoma. OX NCBI_TaxID=53326 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EYC19414.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000024635}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000024635} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE. RC STRAIN=HY135 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000024635}; RX PubMed=25730766; DOI=10.1038/ng.3237; RA Schwarz E.M., Hu Y., Antoshechkin I., Miller M.M., Sternberg P.W., RA Aroian R.V.; RT "The genome and transcriptome of the zoonotic hookworm Ancylostoma RT ceylanicum identify infection-specific gene ...
Globally, hookworms infect 440 million people in developing countries. Especially children and women of childbearing age are at risk of developing anaemia as a result of infection. To control hookworm infection and disease (i.e. reduce the prevalence of medium and heavy infection to |1 %), the World Health Organization has set the target to provide annual or semi-annual preventive chemotherapy (PC) with albendazole (ALB) or mebendazole (MEB) to at least 75 % of all children and women of childbearing age in endemic areas by 2020. Here, we predict the feasibility of achieving |1 % prevalence of medium and heavy infection, based on simulations with an individual-based model. We developed WORMSIM, a new generalized individual-based modelling framework for transmission and control of helminths, and quantified it for hookworm transmission based on published data. We simulated the impact of standard and more intense PC strategies on trends in hookworm infection, and explored the potential additional impact of
Vol 8: Diagnostic Accuracy and Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative Methods for Detection of Soil-Transmitted Helminths in a Post-Treatment Setting in Western Kenya.. This article is from PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, volume 8.AbstractObjectives: This study evaluates the diagnostic . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Study Parasitology - Small Animal PGE flashcards from Karen Richardson
OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Ecdysozoa; Nematoda; Chromadorea; Rhabditida; OC Strongylida; Ancylostomatoidea; Ancylostomatidae; ...
2015). "Superfamily Ancylostomatoidea". Veterinary parasitology (4th ed.). John Wiley & Sons. pp. 38-41. ISBN 9781119073697. ...
Categories: Ancylostomatoidea Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted ...
Strongylida: Strongyloidea und Ancylostomatoidea. 1994. Gustav Fischer, Jena, Germany. 157 pp., 170 Figs, 98 DM * Author: E. ...
1. any intestinal bloodsucking nematode worm with hooks around the mouth, belonging to the superfamily Ancylostomatoidea and ...
Hutchison, W. D., Burkness, E. C., Mitchell, P. D., Moon, R. D., Leslie, T. W., Fleischer, S. J., Abrahamson, M., Hamilton, K. L., Steffey, K. L., Gray, M. E., Hellmich, R. L., Kaster, L. V., Hunt, T. E., Wright, R. J., Pecinovsky, K., Rabaey, T. L., Flood, B. R. & Raun, E. S., Oct 8 2010, In : Science. 330, 6001, p. 222-225 4 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
Wise, S. K., Lin, S. Y., Toskala, E., Orlandi, R. R., Akdis, C. A., Alt, J. A., Azar, A., Baroody, F. M., Bachert, C., Canonica, G. W., Chacko, T., Cingi, C., Ciprandi, G., Corey, J., Cox, L. S., Creticos, P. S., Custovic, A., Damask, C., DeConde, A., DelGaudio, J. M. & 52 others, Ebert, C. S., Eloy, J. A., Flanagan, C. E., Fokkens, W. J., Franzese, C., Gosepath, J., Halderman, A., Hamilton, R. G., Hoffman, H. J., Hohlfeld, J. M., Houser, S. M., Hwang, P. H., Incorvaia, C., Jarvis, D., Khalid, A. N., Kilpeläinen, M., Kingdom, T. T., Krouse, H., Larenas-Linnemann, D., Laury, A. M., Lee, S. E., Levy, J. M., Luong, A. U., Marple, B. F., McCoul, E. D., McMains, K. C., Melén, E., Mims, J. W., Moscato, G., Mullol, J., Nelson, H. S., Patadia, M., Pawankar, R., Pfaar, O., Platt, M. P., Reisacher, W., Rondón, C., Rudmik, L., Ryan, M., Sastre, J., Schlosser, R. J., Settipane, R. A., Sharma, H. P., Sheikh, A., Smith, T. L., Tantilipikorn, P., Tversky, J. R., Veling, M. C., Wang, D. Y., Westman, M., ...
... ancylostomatoidea MeSH B01.500.500.294.700.775.100.100 --- ancylostoma MeSH B01.500.500.294.700.775.100.550 --- necator MeSH ...
Rhabditoidea larvae and Ancylostomatoidea eggs were equally distributed in the fresh vegetables of both places. Parasitic forms ... Larvas de Rhabditoidea e ovos de Ancylostomatoidea encontravam-se igualmente distribuídos nas hortali as de ambos os locais. ...
Strongyloidiasis is caused by the human infective nematodes Strongyloides stercoralis, Strongyloides fuelleborni subsp. fuelleborni and Strongyloides fuelleborni subsp. kellyi. The zoonotic potential of S. stercoralis and the potential role of dogs in the maintenance of strongyloidiasis transmission …
Elsik, C. G., Tellam, R. L., Worley, K. C., Gibbs, R. A., Muzny, D. M., Weinstock, G. M., Adelson, D. L., Eichler, E. E., Elnitski, L., Guigó, R., Hamernik, D. L., Kappes, S. M., Lewin, H. A., Lynn, D. J., Nicholas, F. W., Reymond, A., Rijnkels, M., Skow, L. C., Zdobnov, E. M., Schook, L. & 288 others, Womack, J., Alioto, T., Antonarakis, S. E., Astashyn, A., Chappie, C. E., Chen, H. C., Chrast, J., Câmara, F., Ermolaeva, O., Henrichsen, C. N., Hlavina, W., Kapustin, Y., Kiryutin, B., Kitts, P., Kokocinski, F., Landrum, M., Maglott, D., Pruitt, K., Sapojnikov, V., Searle, S. M., Solovyev, V., Souvorov, A., Ucla, C., Wyss, C., Anzola, J. M., Gerlach, D., Elhaik, E., Graur, D., Reese, J. T., Edgar, R. C., McEwan, J. C., Payne, G. M., Raison, J. M., Junier, T., Kriventseva, E. V., Eyras, E., Plass, M., Donthu, R., Larkin, D. M., Reecy, J., Yang, M. Q., Chen, L., Cheng, Z., Chitko-McKown, C. G., Liu, G. E., Matukumalli, L. K., Song, J., Zhu, B., Bradley, D. G., Brinkman, F. S. L., Lau, L. P. L., ...
Superfamily ancylostomatoidea (organism) {106657004 , SNOMED-CT } Parent/Child (Relationship Type) Family Ancylostomatidae ( ...
Adult , Ancylostomatoidea , Animals , Animals, Wild , Dogs , Echinococcus granulosus , Eggs , Foxes , Helminths , Humans , ... Adult , Ancylostomatoidea , Animals , Cestoda , Comb and Wattles , Diagnosis , Eggs , Helminths , Humans , Magnesium , ... Aged , Ancylostomatoidea , Ancylostomiasis , Anemia , China , Duodenum , Dyspnea , Edema , Hookworm Infections , Humans , Lower ... Ancylostoma , Ancylostomatoidea , Animals , Cats , DNA , Freezing , Methods , Plasmids , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Real ...
Superfamilies: Trichostrongyloidea Strongyloidea Metastrongyloidea Ancylostomatoidea (hookworms) Order Strongylida ... These are Trichostrongyloidea, Strongyloidea, Metastrongyloidea, Ancylostomatoidea, Rhabditoidea, Trichuroidea, Filarioidea, ... Superfamilies: Trichostrongyloidea Strongyloidea Metastrongyloidea Ancylostomatoidea (hookworms) ORDER STRONGYLIDA - Bursate ...
Superfamilies: Trichostrongyloidea Strongyloidea Metastrongyloidea Ancylostomatoidea (hookworms) Order Strongylida ... Superfamilies: Trichostrongyloidea Strongyloidea Metastrongyloidea Ancylostomatoidea (hookworms) ORDER STRONGYLIDA - Bursate ...
Ancylostomatoidea / isolation & purification Actions. * Search in PubMed * Search in MeSH * Add to Search ...
Sequence differences in the internal transcribed spacers of DNA among four species of hookworm (Ancylostomatoidea: Ancylostoma ...
Disease due to superfamily Ancylostomatoidea Current Synonym true false 3291363011 Disease caused by superfamily ... Disease caused by superfamily Ancylostomatoidea (disorder) {105694003 , SNOMED-CT } Parent/Child (Relationship Type) ... Disease caused by superfamily Ancylostomatoidea (disorder). Code System Preferred Concept Name. Disease caused by superfamily ...
Disease caused by superfamily Ancylostomatoidea (disorder) {105694003 , SNOMED-CT } Download Relationships Other Relationships ...
Homma, H., Prayogo, G. & Kanto, Y., 1 Dec 1997, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, p. 55-60 6 p. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; vol. 2921).. Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Conference contribution ...
Ancylostomatoidea Medicine & Life Sciences Anthelmintics Medicine & Life Sciences Palmitic Acid Medicine & Life Sciences ...
The Center for One Health Research Department of Environment & Occupational Health Sciences School of Public Health University of Washington Box 357234 Seattle, WA, USA ...
Blastocystis is a common enteric protist colonizing probably more than 1 billion people with a large variety of non-human hosts. Remarkable genetic diversity has been observed, leading to the subdivision of the genus into multiple subtypes (ST), some of which are exclusively found in non-human hosts. The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of Blastocystis STs/18S alleles in symptomatic (abdominal pain, anal pruritus, diarrhea, headache, nauseas and/or vomit) and asymptomatic children from nine geographical regions of Colombia. A total of 2026 fecal samples were collected as part of a national survey to estimate the frequency of intestinal parasites in children. A set of 256 samples that were Blastocystis positive was finally selected. The samples were submitted to DNA extraction, Real Time PCR and sequencing using Blastocystis-specific primers targeting the small subunit rRNA gene for ST identification. DNA of Ascaris lumbricoides (16.4%), Trichuris trichiura (8.2%), hookworms ...
Hulverson, M. A., Vinayak, S., Choi, R., Schaefer, D. A., Castellanos, A., Vidadala, R. S. R., Brooks, C. F., Herbert, G. T., Betzer, D. P., Whitman, G. R., Sparks, H. N., Arnold, S. L. M., Rivas, K. L., Barrett, L. K., White, A. C., Maly, D. J., Riggs, M. W., Striepen, B., Van Voorhis, W. C. & Ojo, K. K., Apr 15 2017, In : The Journal of infectious diseases. 215, 8, p. 1275-1284 10 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...