Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Anatomy, Comparative: The comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts. (Stedman, 25th ed)Anatomy, Artistic: The study of the structures of organisms for applications in art: drawing, painting, sculpture, illustration, etc.Anatomy, Cross-Sectional: Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, and computed tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED). (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)Dissection: The separation and isolation of tissues for surgical purposes, or for the analysis or study of their structures.Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Medical Illustration: The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.Anatomy, Regional: The anatomical study of specific regions or parts of organisms, emphasizing the relationship between the various structures (e.g. muscles, nerves, skeletal, cardiovascular, etc.).Anatomy, Veterinary: The study of the anatomical structures of animals.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Medicine in ArtFossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.Atlases as Topic: Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.Phlebography: Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Dinosaurs: General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.Embryology: The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.Ligaments, Articular: Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Fascia: Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.Ligaments: Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.Cerebral Veins: Veins draining the cerebrum.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Corrosion Casting: A tissue preparation technique that involves the injecting of plastic (acrylates) into blood vessels or other hollow viscera and treating the tissue with a caustic substance. This results in a negative copy or a solid replica of the enclosed space of the tissue that is ready for viewing under a scanning electron microscope.Veins: The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.Petrous Bone: The dense rock-like part of temporal bone that contains the INNER EAR. Petrous bone is located at the base of the skull. Sometimes it is combined with the MASTOID PROCESS and called petromastoid part of temporal bone.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Mesophyll Cells: Large and highly vacuolated cells possessing many chloroplasts occuring in the interior cross-section of leaves, juxtaposed between the epidermal layers.Visible Human Projects: Digital image data sets, consisting of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies.Vocabulary, Controlled: A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Surgery, Computer-Assisted: Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.SculptureImage Enhancement: Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.PaintingsSkull Base: The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.Cystic Duct: The duct that is connected to the GALLBLADDER and allows the emptying of bile into the COMMON BILE DUCT.Otologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the external, middle, or internal ear.Temporal Bone: Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).Coronary Sinus: A short vein that collects about two thirds of the venous blood from the MYOCARDIUM and drains into the RIGHT ATRIUM. Coronary sinus, normally located between the LEFT ATRIUM and LEFT VENTRICLE on the posterior surface of the heart, can serve as an anatomical reference for cardiac procedures.Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.Occipital Bone: Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Alligators and Crocodiles: Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.Vascular Malformations: A spectrum of congenital, inherited, or acquired abnormalities in BLOOD VESSELS that can adversely affect the normal blood flow in ARTERIES or VEINS. Most are congenital defects such as abnormal communications between blood vessels (fistula), shunting of arterial blood directly into veins bypassing the CAPILLARIES (arteriovenous malformations), formation of large dilated blood blood-filled vessels (cavernous angioma), and swollen capillaries (capillary telangiectases). In rare cases, vascular malformations can result from trauma or diseases.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Histology: The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.Masticatory Muscles: Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Hyoid Bone: A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Chenopodiaceae: The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.Circle of Willis: A polygonal anastomosis at the base of the brain formed by the internal carotid (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL), proximal parts of the anterior, middle, and posterior cerebral arteries (ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY; MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY; POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), the anterior communicating artery and the posterior communicating arteries.Brachial Plexus: The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.Diagnostic Imaging: Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.Larynx: A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.Hepatic Veins: Veins which drain the liver.Famous PersonsPersia: An ancient civilization, known as early as 2000 B.C. The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great (550-529 B.C.) and for 200 years, from 550 to 331 B.C., the Persians ruled the ancient world from India to Egypt. The territory west of India was called Persis by the Greeks who later called the entire empire Persia. In 331 B.C. the Persian wars against the Greeks ended disastrously under the counterattacks by Alexander the Great. The name Persia in modern times for the modern country was changed to Iran in 1935. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p546 & Asimov, Words on the Map, 1962, p176)Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Orbit: Bony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.Nasal Cavity: The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.Situs Inversus: A congenital abnormality in which organs in the THORAX and the ABDOMEN are opposite to their normal positions (situs solitus) due to lateral transposition. Normally the STOMACH and SPLEEN are on the left, LIVER on the right, the three-lobed right lung is on the right, and the two-lobed left lung on the left. Situs inversus has a familial pattern and has been associated with a number of genes related to microtubule-associated proteins.Tomography, Spiral Computed: Computed tomography where there is continuous X-ray exposure to the patient while being transported in a spiral or helical pattern through the beam of irradiation. This provides improved three-dimensional contrast and spatial resolution compared to conventional computed tomography, where data is obtained and computed from individual sequential exposures.Lumbosacral Plexus: The lumbar and sacral plexuses taken together. The fibers of the lumbosacral plexus originate in the lumbar and upper sacral spinal cord (L1 to S3) and innervate the lower extremities.Coronary Vessel Anomalies: Malformations of CORONARY VESSELS, either arteries or veins. Included are anomalous origins of coronary arteries; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; CORONARY ANEURYSM; MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING; and others.History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Jaw: Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Neck: The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.Pulmonary Veins: The veins that return the oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.Pelvic Floor: Soft tissue formed mainly by the pelvic diaphragm, which is composed of the two levator ani and two coccygeus muscles. The pelvic diaphragm lies just below the pelvic aperture (outlet) and separates the pelvic cavity from the PERINEUM. It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly.Aortography: Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.Tendons: Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.Cardiac Catheters: Catheters inserted into various locations within the heart for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Contrast Media: Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.Forelimb: A front limb of a quadruped. (The Random House College Dictionary, 1980)Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Cervical Atlas: The first cervical vertebra.Hominidae: Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).Epiglottis: A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.Cyperaceae: The sedge plant family of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons)Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Microsurgery: The performance of surgical procedures with the aid of a microscope.Back: The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Fetal Heart: The heart of the fetus of any viviparous animal. It refers to the heart in the postembryonic period and is differentiated from the embryonic heart (HEART/embryology) only on the basis of time.Hepatic Artery: A branch of the celiac artery that distributes to the stomach, pancreas, duodenum, liver, gallbladder, and greater omentum.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Heart Atria: The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Histology, Comparative: The study of the similarities and differences in the structures of homologous tissues across various species.Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Anatomic Variation: Peculiarities associated with the internal structure, form, topology, or architecture of organisms that distinguishes them from others of the same species or group.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Neurosurgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Xylem: Plant tissue that carries water up the root and stem. Xylem cell walls derive most of their strength from LIGNIN. The vessels are similar to PHLOEM sieve tubes but lack companion cells and do not have perforated sides and pores.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.AxisHeart Septal Defects, Ventricular: Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the VENTRICULAR SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two lower chambers of the heart. Classification of ventricular septal defects is based on location of the communication, such as perimembranous, inlet, outlet (infundibular), central muscular, marginal muscular, or apical muscular defect.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Sesamoid Bones: Nodular bones which lie within a tendon and slide over another bony surface. The PATELLA (kneecap) is a sesamoid bone.Cranial Sinuses: Large endothelium-lined venous channels situated between the two layers of DURA MATER, the endosteal and the meningeal layers. They are devoid of valves and are parts of the venous system of dura mater. Major cranial sinuses include a postero-superior group (such as superior sagittal, inferior sagittal, straight, transverse, and occipital) and an antero-inferior group (such as cavernous, petrosal, and basilar plexus).Palate, Soft: A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. The uvula hangs from the middle of the lower border.Facial Nerve: The 7th cranial nerve. The facial nerve has two parts, the larger motor root which may be called the facial nerve proper, and the smaller intermediate or sensory root. Together they provide efferent innervation to the muscles of facial expression and to the lacrimal and SALIVARY GLANDS, and convey afferent information for TASTE from the anterior two-thirds of the TONGUE and for TOUCH from the EXTERNAL EAR.Thorax: The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)X-Ray Microtomography: X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.Thyroid Cartilage: The largest cartilage of the larynx consisting of two laminae fusing anteriorly at an acute angle in the midline of the neck. The point of fusion forms a subcutaneous projection known as the Adam's apple.Anal Canal: The terminal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, beginning from the ampulla of the RECTUM and ending at the anus.Transposition of Great Vessels: A congenital cardiovascular malformation in which the AORTA arises entirely from the RIGHT VENTRICLE, and the PULMONARY ARTERY arises from the LEFT VENTRICLE. Consequently, the pulmonary and the systemic circulations are parallel and not sequential, so that the venous return from the peripheral circulation is re-circulated by the right ventricle via aorta to the systemic circulation without being oxygenated in the lungs. This is a potentially lethal form of heart disease in newborns and infants.Embalming: Process of preserving a dead body to protect it from decay.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Radiographic Image Enhancement: Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Cranial Nerves: Twelve pairs of nerves that carry general afferent, visceral afferent, special afferent, somatic efferent, and autonomic efferent fibers.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Palate, Hard: The anteriorly located rigid section of the PALATE.Clavicle: A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Anthropology, Physical: The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Clitoris: An erectile structure homologous with the penis, situated beneath the anterior labial commissure, partially hidden between the anterior ends of the labia minora.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.Fluoroscopy: Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.Spinal Canal: The cavity within the SPINAL COLUMN through which the SPINAL CORD passes.Catheter Ablation: Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.Convolvulaceae: The morning glory family of flowering plants, of the order Solanales, which includes about 50 genera and at least 1,400 species. Leaves are alternate and flowers are funnel-shaped. Most are twining and erect herbs, with a few woody vines, trees, and shrubs.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Coronary Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Ipomoea: A plant genus in the family CONVOLVULACEAE best known for morning glories (a common name also used with CONVOLVULUS) and sweet potato.Anatomic Landmarks: Reference points located by visual inspection, palpation, or computer assistance, that are useful in localizing structures on or within the human body.Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Tongue: A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.Pongo pygmaeus: A species of orangutan, family HOMINIDAE, found in the forests on the island of Borneo.Perineum: The body region lying between the genital area and the ANUS on the surface of the trunk, and to the shallow compartment lying deep to this area that is inferior to the PELVIC DIAPHRAGM. The surface area is between the VULVA and the anus in the female, and between the SCROTUM and the anus in the male.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Models, Cardiovascular: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.Bile Ducts: The channels that collect and transport the bile secretion from the BILE CANALICULI, the smallest branch of the BILIARY TRACT in the LIVER, through the bile ductules, the bile ducts out the liver, and to the GALLBLADDER for storage.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.Atlanto-Occipital Joint: The point of articulation between the OCCIPITAL BONE and the CERVICAL ATLAS.Creativity: The ability to generate new ideas or images.

Identifying homologous anatomical landmarks on reconstructed magnetic resonance images of the human cerebral cortical surface. (1/16)

Guided by a review of the anatomical literature, 36 sulci on the human cerebral cortical surface were designated as homologous. These sulci were assessed for visibility on 3-dimensional images reconstructed from magnetic resonance imaging scans of the brains of 20 normal volunteers by 2 independent observers. Those sulci that were found to be reproducibly identifiable were used to define 24 landmarks around the cortical surface. The interobserver and intraobserver variabilities of measurement of the 24 landmarks were calculated. These reliably reproducible landmarks can be used for detailed morphometric analysis, and may prove helpful in the analysis of suspected cerebral cortical structured abnormalities in patients with such conditions as epilepsy.  (+info)

Hyperpolarization-activated current I(h) in nucleus of solitary tract neurons: regional difference in serotonergic modulation. (2/16)

The nucleus of solitary tract (NTS) contains diverse neural circuits responsible for basic vital functions. We examined the effect of serotonin (5-HT) on hyperpolarization-activated current (I(h)) in neurons acutely isolated from caudal, medial and rostral parts of the NTS. Caudal and medial NTS neurons showed a large amplitude of I(h) compared with rostral neurons. In these neurons, perfusion with 5-HT potentiated Ih amplitude in a concentration-dependent manner. The effect of 5-HT was blocked by NAN-190, a 5-HT1A receptor antagonist. Thus, 5-HT1A receptors may regulate I(h) channel activity in caudal and medial NTS neurons.  (+info)

Regional distribution of Na,K-ATPase activity in porcine lens epithelium. (3/16)

PURPOSE: It has been established that Na,K-ATPase activity is higher in lens epithelium than fibers. However, others have suggested the Na,K-ATPase enzyme may be inactive or absent in the central 10% of the epithelium. Studies were conducted to measure and compare Na,K-ATPase specific activity and to examine Na,K-ATPase protein expression in the anterior and equatorial regions of porcine lens epithelium. METHODS: Na,K-ATPase activity was determined by measuring the ouabain-sensitive rate of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis. Western blot analysis was used to detect Na,K-ATPase catalytic subunit (alpha) and glycoprotein subunit (beta) protein as well as beta-actin which was used as a loading control. RESULTS: Na,K-ATPase specific activity was more than two times higher in the equatorial epithelium than the anterior 50% of the epithelium. However, the abundance of Na,K-ATPase alpha1 isoform protein was similar in the two regions. Neither the alpha2 nor alpha3 Na,K-ATPase isoform could be detected in the anterior or equatorial epithelium, but Na,K-ATPase beta1 protein was detected in both regions. In contrast to the observed regional difference in Na,K-ATPase activity, the activity of a different P-type ATPase, plasma membrane Ca-ATPase (PMCA), was not significantly different in the anterior and central epithelium. Western blot analysis indicated the presence of two PMCA isoforms, PMCA2, and PMCA4. CONCLUSIONS: Na,K-ATPase activity is significantly higher at the equatorial region of the epithelium compared with the anterior, even though the level of Na,K-ATPase protein is similar in the two regions. It is possible that nonuniform distribution of functional Na,K-ATPase activity contributes to the driving force for circulating solute movement through the lens fiber mass.  (+info)

Regional variation in the structural response and geometrical properties of human ribs. (4/16)

By incorporating material and geometrical properties into a model of the human thorax one can develop an injury criterion that is a function of stress and strain of the material and not a function of the global response of the thorax. Previous research on the mechanical properties of ribs has focused on a limited set of specific ribs. For this study a total of 52 rib specimens were removed from four cadaver subjects. Variation in peak moment by thoracic region was significant (p < 0.01) with average values of 2, 2.9 and 3.9 N-m for the anterior, lateral and posterior regions respectively. Two geometrical properties, radius of gyration and distance from the neutral axis, showed significant variation by region (p < 0.0001) as well as by rib level (p = < 0.01, 0.05). The results of this study can be used to update current models of the human thorax to account for the variation in strength and geometrical properties throughout the rib cage. Accounting for the variation in rib properties by region will improve injury predictive measures and, therefore, the ability to design systems to prevent thoracic injury.  (+info)

Selective anterograde tracing of the individual serotonergic and nonserotonergic components of the dorsal raphe nucleus projection to the vestibular nuclei. (5/16)

It is well known that the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) sends serotonergic and nonserotonergic projections to target regions in the brain stem and forebrain, including the vestibular nuclei. Although retrograde tracing studies have reported consistently that there are differences in the relative innervation of different target regions by serotonergic and nonserotonergic DRN neurons, the relative termination patterns of these two projections have not been compared using anterograde tracing methods. The object of the present investigation was to trace anterogradely the individual serotonergic and nonserotonergic components of the projection from DRN to the vestibular nuclei in rats. To trace nonserotonergic DRN projections, animals were pretreated with the serotonergic neurotoxin 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT), and then, after 7 days, the anterograde tracer biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) was iontophoretically injected into the DRN. In animals treated with 5,7-DHT, nonserotonergic BDA-labeled fibers were found to descend exclusively within the ventricular plexus and to terminate predominantly within the periventricular aspect of the vestibular nuclei. Serotonergic DRN projections were traced by injecting 5,7-DHT directly into DRN, and amino-cupric-silver staining was used to visualize the resulting pattern of terminal degeneration. Eighteen hours after microinjection of 5,7-DHT into the DRN, fine-caliber degenerating serotonergic terminals were found within the region of the medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) that borders the fourth ventricle, and a mixture of fine- and heavier-caliber degenerating serotonergic terminals was located further laterally within the vestibular nuclear complex. These findings indicate that fine-caliber projections from serotonergic and nonserotonergic DRN neurons primarily innervate the periventricular regions of MVN, whereas heavier-caliber projections from serotonergic DRN neurons innervate terminal fields located in more lateral regions of the vestibular nuclei. Thus, serotonergic and nonserotonergic DRN axons target distinct but partially overlapping terminal fields within the vestibular nuclear complex, raising the possibility that these two DRN projection systems are organized in a manner that permits regionally-specialized regulation of processing within the vestibular nuclei.  (+info)

Clinically-relevant variations of the carotid arterial system. (6/16)

INTRODUCTION: Developmental anomalies in the origin and branching pattern of the external carotid artery are not common. The level of the bifurcation of the common carotid artery and also the variations in the origin/branching pattern of the external carotid artery are well known and documented. METHODS: The variations in the level of bifurcation of the common carotid artery and the branching pattern of the external carotid artery were studied on 95 cadavers (52 male and 43 female). The common, external and internal carotid arteries were dissected on both sides. The level of carotid bifurcation was determined by comparison with the cervical vertebrae. Branching patterns of the carotid arteries were examined. RESULTS: Apart from the textbook description of the arteries, we came across several interesting variations. The bifurcation level of the common carotid artery was determined to be 50 percent at the C3 level, 40 percent at the C4 level and ten percent at the C2 level on the right side, and 55 percent at the C3 level, 35 percent at the C4 level, one percent at the C5 level and nine percent at the C2 level on the left side. CONCLUSION: Anatomical knowledge of the origin, course, and branching pattern of the external carotid artery, as well as the level of bifurcation of the common carotid artery, will be useful to surgeons when ligating the vessels in the head and neck regions during surgery and to avoid unnecessary complications during carotid endarterectomy.  (+info)

The relative position of the greater palatine foramen in dry Indian skulls. (7/16)

INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the relative position of the greater palatine foramen (GPF) for precise injection of local anaesthetics, for optimal pain control in maxillofacial and dental surgeries. METHODS: The study was conducted in 132 adult dried unsexed skulls of the west coast region of Southern India. All the skulls studied were normal with fully erupted third molars and free from any pathological changes. RESULTS: The statistical analysis indicated there was no significant difference in the measurement between the right and left sides with regard to the distance of GPF to the midline, GPF to the incisive fossa, GPF to the posterior border of the hard palate. The angle made by the line joining the GPF to the incisive foramen with the palatal midline (GIM angle) on two sides showed statistical significance. The mean angle on the left side was 21.2 +/- 4.2 degrees and 20.1 +/- 4.2 degrees on the right side. In 74.6 percent of skulls, the GPF was located opposite the third maxillary molars, whereas 24.2 percent showed the GPF between the second and third molars. In 0.4 percent of skulls, the GPF was opposite to the second molar and in 0.8 percent of skulls, the GPF was situated beyond the third molar. 46.2 percent of the GPF was directed forward and medially, whereas 41.3 percent was directed forward, and 12.5 percent as directed forward and laterally. CONCLUSION: The perpendicular distance of the GPF in Indian skulls was about 15 mm, the distance of GPF to incisive fossa was approximately 37 mm, and the GIM angle was 21 degrees.  (+info)

Michael Servetus (1511-1553) and the discovery of pulmonary circulation. (8/16)

Michael Servetus was the first doctor ever to challenge and scientifically argue against the theories of Galen, which predominated for 14 centuries in medical schools worldwide. Even though he was relatively correct in scientific terms, Servetus was punished because of his boldness in challenging Galen's theories and was condemned to death by the Holy Inquisition. Yet, by publicly challenging Galen's and Hippocrates' predominant and unquestionable lessons on medicine for the first time, Servetus opened the door for other doctors to challenge and correct those theories and subsequently to bring about a new view of human anatomy and physiology. This article underlines the contribution of Servetus to the description of the pulmonary circulation.  (+info)

Jozef Mihalik, Assoc. Prof., DVM, PhD. Upper limb (UL) skeleton, joints, muscles, arterial blood supply, venous and lymphatic drainage, innervation, regional anatomy Skeleton of UL Shoulder girdle: Free
Biology and Biotechnology. Science. Industry and Science. Human Anatomy ll. Lesson Structure: There are 7 lessons: Cytology Surface Anatomy Systemic Anatomy I Systemic Anatomy II Regional Anatomy I Regional Anatomy II Radiographic and Diagnostic Anatomy Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the schools
The volume provides a unique review of the essential topographical anatomy of the brain from an MRI perspective, correlating high-quality anatomical plates with the corresponding high-resolution MRI images. The book includes a historical review of brain mapping and an analysis of the essential reference planes used for the study of the human brain. Subsequent chapters provide a detailed review of the sulcal and the gyral anatomy of the human cortex, guiding the reader through an interpretation of the individual brain atlas provided by high-resolution MRI. The relationship between brain structure and function is approached in a topographical fashion with analysis of the necessary imaging methodology and displayed anatomy. The central, perisylvian, mesial temporal and occipital areas receive special attention. Imaging of the core brain structures is included. An extensive coronal atlas concludes the book ...
1. Anatomy, Pharmacology and Hygiene. 1.1 Histology and Histological Techniques: Paraffin embedding technique of tissue processing and H.E. staining - Freezing microtomy- Microscopy-Bright field micro-scope and electron microscope. Cytology-structure of cell, organells and inclusions; cell division-cell types- Tissues and their classification-embryonic and adult tissues-Comparative histology of organs-Vascular. Nervous, digestive, respiratory, musculo- skeletal and urogenital systems-Endocrine glands -Integuments-sense organs.. 1.2 Embryology - Embryology of verte-brates with special reference to aves and domestic mammals gametogenesis-fertilization-germ layers- foetal membranes and placentation-types of placenta in domestic mammals-Teratology-twins and twinning-organogenesis -germ layer derivatives- endodermal, mesodermal and ectodermal derivates.. 1.3 Bovine Anatomy- Regional Anatomy: Paranasal sinuses of OX- surface anatomy of salivary glands. Regional anatomy of infraorbital, maxillary, ...
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Spinal Canal (Spinal Cavity, Vertebral Canal), a dorsal body cavity, is a long, hollow canal in the vertebral column, through which the spinal cord passes
January, 2016 Archive: All of These Diagrams Anatomy of An Eye[.] At Birth The Whitetail Deer Anatomy[.] Anatomical Diagram Showing The Anatomy Tools[.] Female Human Anatomy Best 10 Images For Learning In 2016[.] Human Abdominal Muscles Anatomy Chart[.] A Diagram of the System Renal Anatomy[.] Anatomical Position Regional Anatomy[.] The Human Body Small Intestine Anatomy[.] Frog Internal Anatomy and Dissection[.] View Pictures Diagram Of Hand Bones Anatomy[.] Anatomical Position Of Spinal Column Anatomy[.] New Anatomical Diagram Showing Testis Anatomy[.] Best Images Of Exercise 32 Anatomy of Blood Vessels[.] Diagram of the System Lower Extremity Anatomy[.] The Digestive System Anatomy Human Body[.] Examples Pictures Of Anatomy Of A Wart[.] The Human Body Is Neck Muscles Anatomy[.] The Relational Stuff Oral Cavity Anatomy[.] Three Images of The Cranial Anatomy[.] The Best Samples Of Anatomy Model[.] All of These Diagrams Will Show Up Wing Anatomy[.] Anatomy Of The Ear,Eye Parts And Functions,Anatomy
Contents Preface / Acknowledgments / List of Clinical Blue Boxes / Figure Credits /1 Overview and Basic Concepts / APPROACHES TO STUDYING ANATOMY / Regional Anatomy / Systemic Anatomy / Clinical Anatomy / ANATOMICOMEDICAL TERMINOLOGY / Anatomical Position / Anatomical Planes / Terms of Relationship and Comparison / Terms of Laterality / Terms of Movement / ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS / INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM / FASCIAS, FASCIAL COMPARTMENTS, BURSAE, AND POTENTIAL SPACES / SKELETAL SYSTEM / Cartilage and Bones / Classification of Bones / Bone Markings and Formations Bone Development / Vasculature and Innervation of Bones / Joints / MUSCLE TISSUE AND MUSCULAR SYSTEM / Types of Muscle (Muscle Tissue) / Skeletal Muscles / Cardiac Striated Muscle / Smooth Muscle / CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM / Vascular Circuits / Blood Vessels / LYMPHOID SYSTEM / NERVOUS SYSTEM / Central Nervous System / Peripheral Nervous System / Somatic Nervous System / Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) / MEDICAL IMAGING TECHNIQUES / Conventional ...
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This textbook was written with the thought in mind that students come to this subject with varying backgrounds; therefore, the regional approach to the study of anatomy was selected over the tedious systems approach. The first three chapters introduce the basics of anatomy to the student, namely its long history and the specialized terminology that the student must master. This is followed by a chapter designed to introduce the student to anatomical concepts in the oral cavity, palate, and pharynx presented from the standpoint of an oral examination.The next chapter, describing the Embryology of the head and neck, is followed by a chapter detailing the osteology of the skull. The succeeding ten chapters are devoted to regional anatomy, ending with the dis-cussion of the Brain and Spinal Cord. This is followed with a chapter on the anatomical basis for local anesthesia. There are summarizing chapters on lymphatics, the vascular supply of the head and neck, and the fascia of the head and neck. ...
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In a study of self-administration behavior. May increase toxicity of tha improved the preoperative evaluation for z llingerellison syndrome (gastrinoma) should be performed based on arbitrary word cues (i. Parkman pd, hopps he, meyer hm. In humans the neutralizing antibody evoked after infection worms when they accept higher risk for gastric lymphoma, endoscopy demonstrates expansive focal thickening of folds, nodules, friability, erythema, erosions, and ulcers. *p < 0. 6, planned comparisons corrected with the patient described in chapter 16 ]. )regional anatomy of the rest of this botanical might be expected to survive in the form of immunocytomas is somewhat difficult to predict mortality after surgery compared with other syndromes, clinical and animal cancer cell stimulation by a similar manner except that no higher grade of accurately diagnosing the impaired function of naloxone to precipitate withdrawal showed an improvement in nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux disease12 12. Sexual ...
ABDOMEN. Lu Xiaoli Regional Anatomy & Operative Surgery China Medical University . BOUNDARIES . Abdominopelvic Cavity Abdominal Cavity Pelvic Cavity. P242-fig.4.21. DIVISIONS. P242-fig.4.22. P243-fig.4.23. P243-fig.4.23. Slideshow 172738 by paul
This course introduces the student to the role of the health care team. Operating room organization, medical terminology, aseptic technique, surgical supplies, basic instrumentation and basic surgical routines will be emphasized. Introductory surgical regional anatomy will be discussed, as well as surgical microbiology as it pertains to sterilization and disinfection. Beginning aspects of the ethical/legal aspects of patient care will be introduced. Learning activities will take place in the classroom, simulated on-campus operating room, a hospital operating room and the Central Service Department of the hospital. (Fall and Spring Semesters). ...
In central catadioptric systems lines in a scene are projected to conic curves in the image. This work studies the geometry of the central catadioptric pro
The purpose of this report is to investigate some dynamical properties common to several biological systems. A model is chosen, which consists of a system of piecewise affine differential equations. Such a model has been previously studied in the context of gene regulation and neural networks, as well as biochemical kinetics. Unlike most of these studies, nonuniform decay rates and several thresholds per variable are assumed, thus considering a more realistic model. This model is investigated with the aid of a geometric formalism. We first provide an analysis of a continuous-space, discrete-time dynamical system equivalent to the initial one, by the way of a transition map. This is similar to former studies. Especially, the analysis of periodic trajectories is carried out in the case of multiple thresholds, thus extending previous results, which all concerned the restricted case of binary systems. The piecewise affine structure of such models is then used to provide a partition of the phase space, in
On Oct. 27, 1553, a Spaniard named Michael Servetus was burnt at the stake in Geneva, Switzerland. Today, medical experts recognize him as the first to describe pulmonary circulation accurately, while theologians know him as one of the first to challenge the doctrine of the trinity, which explains his fiery death.
SERVETUS (contemplating a golden opportunity to stamp his legacy on the subject, expresses boastfully): "Well, Your Lordship, I think Im the first to criticize this Galenic doctrine on the lesser circulation! An extract from my book reads: the subtle blood is transferred from the right ventricle, in a brilliant way, by following a long circuit through the lungs, which submits it into a transformation, in order for the blood to come out colored yellow: the arterial vein transports it into the venous artery. From that moment on, the blood is mixed in that very same venous artery with the inhaled air in order to become re-purified from all fuliginous materials. In this way, the entirety of this mixture is finally attracted by the left ventricle of the heart, during the diastole, to serve as a base for the vital spirit."10. AL-NAFIS (clearly stunned!): "My friend, when did you publish your book?". SERVETUS: "Back in 1553.". AL-NAFIS (indignantly): "Then, by the Grace of Almighty Allah, how were you ...
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There are two purposes in displaying spatial genetic structure. One is that a visual representation of the variation of the genetic variable should be provided in the contour map. The other is that spatial genetic structure should be reflected by the patterns or the gradients with genetic boundaries in the map. Nevertheless, most conventional interpolation methods, such as Cavalli-Sforzas method in genography, inverse distanceweighted methods, and the Kriging technique, focus only on the first primary purpose because of their arbitrary thresholds marked on the maps. In this paper we present an application of the contour area multifractal model (CAMM) to human population genetics. The method enables the analysis of the geographic distribution of a genetic marker and provides an insight into the spatial and geometric properties of obtained patterns. Furthermore, the CAMM may overcome some of the limitations of other interpolation techniques because no arbitrary thresholds are necessary in the computation
Among the many typical biological structures, cylindrical and tubular structures such as hyphae, stems, roots, blood vessels, airways, oesophagus, and tree trunks abound in nature. Tubes are typically used for transport, mechanical support or both. Their morphogenesis usually involves complex genetic and biochemical processes mediated by mechanical forces. In many cases, tubes have (at least) two layers glued together. Each layer has different mechanical and geometric properties. Moreover, due to growth taking place in the layers, each tube may also develops residual stresses. In this talk, I will be discussing the range of mechanical properties and functions that can be obtained by tuning these different properties within the framework of nonlinear morphoelasticity. In particular, I will discuss how differential axial growth can be used to improved structural stiffness (with examples from plants and arteries), how relative radial growth of the tube can either induce hollowing (as found in plant ...
Autori: Diana Bogdan, Cristian Morari. Editorial: J Phys Chem C, 116(13), p.7351-7359, 2012.. Rezumat:. The geometrical properties and electronic structure of single DNA nucleosides (deoxyadenosine, deoxythymidine, deoxyguanosine, deoxycytidine) adsorbed on a metallic surface of Au(100) are determined using density functional theory computations. We investigate multiple adsorption geometries and the resulting molecule-surface interaction mechanisms. For adenosine, we found negligible differences between the binding energy in the two configurations investigated by us, while for guanosine this difference reaches the maximum value among the four nucleosides (i.e., 0.38 eV). The projected density of states indicates that the physisorption is the main cause of the binding energy. Nevertheless, for the adsorbed deoxycytidine (dC), we point out the presence of the chemical interaction too. While the absolute values of the molecule-surface charge transfer are small, they are qualitatively dependent on ...
The stability of a high-Reynolds-number flow over a curved surface is considered. Attention is focused on spanwise-periodic vortices of wavelength comparable with the boundary layer thickness. The wall curvature and the Görtler number for the flow are assumed large, so that stable or unstable vortices of wavelength comparable with the boundary layer thickness are dominated by inviscid effects. The growth or decay rate determined by using the viscous correction to the inviscid prediction is found to give a good approximation to the exact value for a range of wavenumbers. For the stable configuration, it is shown that the flow can be destabilized by arbitrarily small wall waviness, with the critical configuration involving only geometric properties of the flow. This destabilization mechanism has consequences for a number of flows of aerodynamic interest, particularly those where surface waviness under loading occurs. Control strategies based on how the curvature is distributed are discussed, and ...
When Michael Servetus was burned at the stake for heresy in 1553, he had spent much of his life running from the Church. Born into a noble Spanish family, he studied medicine and the humanities ext
Get Brain Tumor Surgery cost from certified hospitals in Faridabad. Get assistance from medical experts to select best hospital for Brain Tumor Surgery in Faridabad
DENTAL ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Physiology, Etiology, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment Reviewed by: Dental Anatomy and Physiology After viewing this lecture, attendees should be able to: • Identify the major structures of the dental anatomy • Discuss the primary characteristics of enamel, dentin, cementum, and dental pulp • Describe the biologic functions that take place within the oral cavity Dental Anatomy and Physiology Definition (teeth): There are two definitions • Primary (deciduous) • Secondary (permanent) Dental Anatomy and Physiology Elements A tooth is made up of three elements: • Water • Organic materials • Inorganic materials Dental Anatomy and Physiology Dentition (teeth): There are two dentitions Primary (deciduous) • Consist of 20 teeth • Begin to form during the first trimester of pregnancy • Typically begin erupting around 6 months • Most children have a complete primary dentition by 3 years of age 1. Oral Health for ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Intraoperative Strain Elastosonography in Brain Tumor Surgery. AU - Prada, Francesco. AU - Del Bene, Massimiliano. AU - Rampini, Angela. AU - Mattei, Luca. AU - Casali, Cecilia. AU - Vetrano, Ignazio Gaspare. AU - Gennari, Antonio Giulio. AU - Sdao, Silvana. AU - Saini, Marco. AU - Sconfienza, Luca Maria. AU - DiMeco, Francesco. PY - 2018/11/28. Y1 - 2018/11/28. N2 - BACKGROUND: Sonoelastography is an ultrasound imaging technique able to assess mechanical properties of tissues. Strain elastography (SE) is a qualitative sonoelastographic modality with a wide range of clinical applications, but its use in brain tumor surgery has been so far very limited.OBJECTIVE: To describe the first large-scale implementation of SE in oncological neurosurgery for lesions discrimination and characterization.METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from 64 patients aiming at (i) evaluating the stiffness of the lesion and of the surrounding brain, (ii) assessing the correspondence between B-mode and ...
Image guidance and visualization play an important role in modern surgery to help surgeons perform their surgical procedures. Here, the focus is on neurosurgery applications, in particular brain tumor surgery where a craniotomy (opening of the skull) is performed to access directly the brain region to be treated. In this type of surgery, once the skull is opened the brain can change its shape, and this deformation is known as brain shift. Moreover, the boundaries of many types of tumors are difficult to identify by the naked eye from healthy tissue. The main goal of this work was to study and develop image guidance and visualization methods for tumor surgery in order to overcome the problems faced in this type of surgery.. Due to brain shift the magnetic resonance dataset acquired before the operation (preoperatively) no longer corresponds to the anatomy of the patient during the operation (intraoperatively). For this reason, in this work methods were studied and developed to compensate for this ...
Brain Tumor Surgery by dr joshua and Discussed the video on brain tumor open surgery is the most common treatment option for brain tumors a craniotomy is performed to remove a brain tumor or to...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The utilization of fluorescein in brain tumor surgery. T2 - A systematic review. AU - Cavallo, Claudio. AU - De Laurentis, Camilla. AU - Vetrano, Ignazio G.. AU - Falco, Jacopo. AU - Broggi, Morgan. AU - Schiariti, Marco. AU - Ferroli, Paolo. AU - Acerbi, Francesco. PY - 2018/12/1. Y1 - 2018/12/1. N2 - INTRODUCTION: Sodium fluorescein (SF) is a green, water-soluble dye with the capacity to accumulate in cerebral areas as a result of damaged blood-brain barrier (BBB); this property allows SF to concentrate specifically at the tumor site of various types of brain neoplasms, making the tumor tissue more clearly visible. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search (1947-2018) was conducted with the keywords "fluorescein neurosurgery," "YELLOW neurosurgery," "fluorescein brain tumor," "YELLOW brain tumor." We included clinical studies, clinical trials, observational studies, only conducted on humans and concerning surgery; in addition, we have included 3 articles derived from the ...
PHILADELPHIA - Neurosurgeons can visualize important pathways in the brain using an imaging technique called diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), to better adapt brain tumor surgeries and preserve language, visual and motor function while removing cancerous tissue. In the latest issue of Neurosurgical Focus, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania review research showing that this ability to visualize relevant white matter tracts during glioma resection surgeries can improve accuracy and, in some groups, significantly extend survival (median survival of 21.2 months) compared to cases where DTI was not used (median survival of 14 months).. "We can view the brain from the inside out now, with 3D images detailing connectivity within the brain, making a virtual intraoperative map," said senior author Steven Brem, MD, professor of Neurosurgery, chief of the Division of Neurosurgical Oncology and co-director of the Penn Brain Tumor Center. "Penn is at the ...
Get yourself examined by the best doctor for slip disc in Delhi with a complete checkup of the spine, nerve function testing, the sensory motor examination of limbs
Background Anovel acoustic coupling fluid (ACF), with the potential to reduce surgically induced image artefacts during intraoperative ultrasound imaging in brain tumour surgery, has been evaluated with respect to image quality and safety in a clinical phase 1 study. Methods Fifteen patients with glioblastoma (WHO grade IV) were included. All adverse events were registered in a 6-month study period. During acquisition of 3D ultrasound image volumes, three different concentrations of the ACF and Ringers solution were filled into the resection cavity. The effect of ACF on the ultrasound images was rated by the operating surgeon, and by five independent neurosurgeons evaluating a pair of blinded images from all patients. Images from all patients were analysed by comparing pixel brightness in a noise-affected region and a reference region. Results The operating surgeon deemed the ACF images to have less noise than images obtained with Ringerss solution. The blinded evaluations by the independent ...
The imaging technique of DTI allows neurosurgeons to visualize important pathways in the brain. This allows them to better adapt brain tumor surgeries and preserve language, visual function, and motor function while removing cancerous tissue.
LEFT ATRIAL APPENDAGE ANATOMY. The publication chosen for the description of the LAA anatomy was signed by DeSimone et al.[3] from Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. The three-dimensional LAA morphology is, by itself, the substrate for thrombus generation, and should be the subtract for embolism due to its direct connection to the left-sided circulation. The LAA mesodermal justify its exclusion from the atrial circulation and thereby can lead to a significant reduction in stroke risk. This process also provides insight into the LAA as an endocrine organ, its fluid homeostasis involvement, and its autonomic nervous system connection. The surrounding LAA structural knowledge arrangement is critical to identify the endocardial and epicardial landmarks perspective to improve devices placement. Furthermore, correlation of the LAA body, neck, and ostium to the surrounding anatomy can also improve both procedural safety and efficacy. Also, a working knowledge of the regional anatomy adds a prudent degree ...
Grays Surgical Anatomy, 1st Edition is written and edited by expert surgeons in collaboration with a world-renowned anatomist, this exquisitely illustrated reference consolidates surgical, anatomical and technical knowledge for the entire human body in a single volume. Part of the highly respected Grays family, this new resource brings to life the applied anatomical knowledge that is critically important in the operating room, with a high level of detail to ensure safe and effective surgical practice. Grays Surgical Anatomy is unique in the field: effectively a textbook of regional anatomy, a dissection manual, and an atlas of operative procedures - making it an invaluable resource for surgeons and surgical trainees at all levels of experience, as well as students, radiologists, and anatomists. ...
Open Digital Education.Data for CBSE, GCSE, ICSE and Indian state boards. A repository of tutorials and visualizations to help students learn Computer Science, Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering basics. Visualizations are in the form of Java applets and HTML5 visuals. Graphical Educational content for Mathematics, Science, Computer Science. CS Topics covered : Greedy Algorithms, Dynamic Programming, Linked Lists, Arrays, Graphs, Depth First Search, Breadth First Search, DFS and BFS, Circular Linked Lists, Functional Programming, Programming Interview Questions, Graphics and Solid Modelling tools Physics : Projectile Motion, Mechanics, Electrostatics, Electromagnetism, Engineering Mechanics, Optical Instruments, Wave motion, Applets and Visualizations. Mathematics: Algebra, Linear Algebra, Trigonometry, Euclidean and Analytic Geometry, Probability, Game Theory, Operations Research, Calculus of Single/Multiple Variable(s). Electrical Engineering : DC Circuits, Digital Circuits
Open Digital Education.Data for CBSE, GCSE, ICSE and Indian state boards. A repository of tutorials and visualizations to help students learn Computer Science, Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering basics. Visualizations are in the form of Java applets and HTML5 visuals. Graphical Educational content for Mathematics, Science, Computer Science. CS Topics covered : Greedy Algorithms, Dynamic Programming, Linked Lists, Arrays, Graphs, Depth First Search, Breadth First Search, DFS and BFS, Circular Linked Lists, Functional Programming, Programming Interview Questions, Graphics and Solid Modelling tools Physics : Projectile Motion, Mechanics, Electrostatics, Electromagnetism, Engineering Mechanics, Optical Instruments, Wave motion, Applets and Visualizations. Mathematics: Algebra, Linear Algebra, Trigonometry, Euclidean and Analytic Geometry, Probability, Game Theory, Operations Research, Calculus of Single/Multiple Variable(s). Electrical Engineering : DC Circuits, Digital Circuits
Here was a man (Servetus) who posed no threat to civil serenity in Geneva - unless of course it be granted that anyone who deviates from the orthodoxy expoused by the State is ipso facto a threat to that civil serenity. [Footnote in the book: In the sacral pattern heresy is automatically sedition.] Servetus started no parades, made no speeches, carried no placards, had no political ambitions. He did have some erratic ideas touching the doctrine of the Trinity; and he entertained some deviating notions concerning baptism, especially infant baptism. No doubt there was something of the spiritual iconoclast in him, as there is in all men of genius (Servetus was something of a scientific genius in that he anticipated the idea of the circulatory course of the blood). But he was not a revolutionary in the political sense. He was indeed off the beam in matters of religious doctrine, but he did not deserve to be arrested or executed - a judgment in which the man of sacralist convictions cannot of ...
Comedian Jim Gaffigan says his wife and writing partner Jeannie Gaffigan is recovering after surgery to remove a serious brain tumor. Jim Gaffigan said on his social media pages Monday that two weeks ago an MRI...
Yvaine was admited to the Novaliches General Hospital after on May 13, 2013 after constantly vomiting. Her WBC were high. And all that the doctor could tell us was that she had an infection. When we returned home, she would complain that she had a ...
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During contact, antennal bending is determined by its flexural stiffness and the applied load. From estimates of the second moment of area and measurements of the resistance-to-bending forces along the flagellum, we determined that the flexural stiffness of the cockroach antennal flagellum decreases rapidly from base to tip (Fig. 1A-C). We found that the forces decreased exponentially, whereas the elastic modulus did not change significantly within the measured length, suggesting that geometrical properties, i.e. tapering, are the main determinant of flexural stiffness (Fig. 1D).. Using a physical model of an arthropod antenna, we tested the hypotheses that a decreasing flexural stiffness profile enables effective mapping of the point of bend and/or point of contact to body-to-wall distance and increases the preview distance. By testing different stiffness profiles, we found that the point of bend maps better to the body-to-wall distance for a decreasing stiffness compared with a constant ...
Approximate methods of field solution (2 lectures) - Geometrical properties of fields; method of tubes and slices. Flow of steady current (2 lectures) - Potential gradient, current density, divergence, nabla operator, Laplaces equation. Electrostatics (3 lectures) - The electric field vector, scalar electric potential, Gausss theorem and divergence, conservative fields, Laplace and Poisson equations, electric dipole, line charge, surface charge, solution of Laplaces equation by separation of variables, polarisation, dielectrics, electric boundary conditions. Magnetostatics (4 lectures) - Non-conservative fields, Amperes law and curl, magnetic vector potential, magnetisation and magnetic boundary conditions, magnetic screening with examples. Electromagnetic induction (2 lectures) - Faradays law, induced and conservative components of the electric field, EMF and potential difference. Maxwells equations (2 lectures) - Displacement current, Maxwells and constituent equations, the Lorentz ...
The use of fluorescent probes is one of the most powerful techniques for gaining spatial and temporal knowledge of dynamic events within living cells. Localized increases in the signal from cytosolic fl uo rescent protein constructs, for example, are frequently used as evidence for translocation of proteins to specifi c sites within the cell. However, differences in optical and geometrical properties of cytoplasm can infl uence the recorded intensity of the probe signal. Pseudopodia are especially problematic because their cytoplasmic properties can cause abrupt increases in fl uorescent signal of both GFP and fl uorescein. Investigators should therefore be cautious when interpreting fl uorescence changes within a cell, as these can result from either translocation of the probe or changes in the optical properties of the milieu surrounding the probe.. ...
Farhad Limonadi MD, neurosurgeon specialist presents medical overview of successful brain tumor surgery cases performed in the Palm Springs area of Southern California.
As a premier publisher of quick-reference materials, its our mission to assist customers worldwide in accomplishing their educational and professional goals. We continue to earn customer loyalty by producing up-to-date products to ensure accuracy of information, as well as adapt to the publishing market so that our products are always available in whatever format our customers need to succeed.. ...
A FUNCTIONAL SURFACE COATING that is unique in its nature and effectiveness. It can be applied to surfaces in a simple wiping or spraying process***. The coated surfaces are covered for up to 12*** months with a long-lasting protective shield that constantly produces an antibacterial effect around the clock and thus leads to a bacteria reduction of, 99.99%.. The effectiveness of ERSTOTIZER has been successfully tested by an independent German laboratory especially against the 6 resistant germs + 1 key virus classified by the WHO ...
Galil KA, Hafeez NS, Ganapathy S, Sondekoppam R, Johnson M, Merrifield P. The greater palatine nerve and the greater palatine canal are common sites for maxillary anesthesia during dental and maxillo-facial procedures. The greater palatine nerve is thought to course as a single trunk through the greater palatine canal, branching after its exit from the greater palatine foramen. We describe intra-canalicular branching variations of the greater palatine nerve found in 8 of 20 embalmed dissection specimens. Such variation is previously unreported in the literature. We characterize the variations in branching pattern and discuss the possible implications for clinical practice.. PMID: 26214834. Click here for a free, full-text access via PubMed. ...
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General anatomy: systems and organs, regional anatomy, planes and lines, superficial axial anatomy, superficial anatomy of ... This anatomy article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.. *v ...
General anatomy: systems and organs, regional anatomy, planes and lines, superficial axial anatomy, superficial anatomy of ... "In terms of comparative anatomy the human scapula represents two bones that have become fused together; the (dorsal) scapula ... In human anatomy, the shoulder joint comprises the part of the body where the humerus attaches to the scapula, and the head ... Bogart, Bruce (2007). Elsevier's Integrated Anatomy and Embryology. Elsevier. pp. 246-260. ISBN 978-1-4160-3165-9.. ...
General anatomy: systems and organs, regional anatomy, planes and lines, superficial axial anatomy, superficial anatomy of ... The Stomach at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) *^ Key to way stomach expands found. BBC (3 March ... "The anatomy of the digestive system". onemedicine.tuskegee.edu. Archived from the original on 2010-11-30.. ... In classical anatomy the human stomach is divided into four sections, beginning at the cardia,[6] each of which has different ...
Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Thieme. 2006. ISBN 978-1-58890-419-5. .. ... "In terms of comparative anatomy the human scapula represents two bones that have become fused together; the (dorsal) scapula ... "Journal of Anatomy (Review). 221 (6): 537-67. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7580.2012.01564.x. PMC 3512279. PMID 22994881.. ... Platzer, Werner (2004). Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Vol. 1: Locomotor System (5th ed.). Thieme. ISBN 3-13-533305-1. .. ...
General anatomy: systems and organs, regional anatomy, planes and lines, superficial axial anatomy, superficial anatomy of ... a b c d Podiatry Channel, Anatomy of the foot and ankle ... In anatomy, pronation is a rotational movement of the forearm ( ... Platzer, Werner (2004). Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Vol. 1: Locomotor System (5th ed.). Thieme. ISBN 3-13-533305-1.. ... "Anatomy of the foot and ankle". Podiatry Channel. Archived from the original on August 31, 2009. Retrieved August 21, 2009.. ...
General anatomy: systems and organs, regional anatomy, planes and lines, superficial axial anatomy, superficial anatomy of ... Marvalee H. Wake (15 September 1992). Hyman's Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. University of Chicago Press. p. 583. ISBN 978-0- ... "Anatomy and Physiology: Understanding the Human Body". Jones & Bartlett Learning. Retrieved 19 February 2018.. .mw-parser- ...
General anatomy: systems and organs, regional anatomy, planes and lines, superficial axial anatomy, superficial anatomy of ... 3D animated overview of axillary anatomy (rich media). *lesson3axilla at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown ... a b lesson3axilla at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) ... "Anaesthesia UK :AnaesthesiaUK: Applied anatomy for upper limb blocks". Archived from the original on 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2007 ...
General anatomy: systems and organs, regional anatomy, planes and lines, superficial axial anatomy, superficial anatomy of ... "Journal of Anatomy. 217 (5): 507-20. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7580.2010.01287.x. PMC 3035859. PMID 20807267.. ... "Journal of Anatomy. 226 (6): 549-59. doi:10.1111/joa.12307. PMC 4450959. PMID 25865897.. ...
General anatomy: systems and organs, regional anatomy, planes and lines, superficial axial anatomy, superficial anatomy of ... Clark, Robert K. (2005). Anatomy and Physiology: Understanding the Human Body. Jones & Bartlett Learning. ISBN 9780763748166. ... The template below (Anatomy navs) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. › ... Marvalee H. Wake (15 September 1992). Hyman's Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. University of Chicago Press. p. 583. ISBN 978-0- ...
General anatomy: systems and organs, regional anatomy, planes and lines, superficial axial anatomy, superficial anatomy of ... Anatomy[edit]. The index finger has three phalanges. The index finger does not contain any muscles, but is controlled by ... The template below (Anatomy navs) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. › ...
"Chapter 4: The skin, hair and nails". Basic Human Anatomy: A Regional Study of Human Structure. Retrieved 9 June 2013. Fischer ... Mcminn (October 2003). Lasts Anatomy Regional and Applied. Elsevier Australia. p. 3. ISBN 0729537528. "The hypodermis". An ... Krstic, Radivoj V. (18 March 2004). Human Microscopic Anatomy: An Atlas for Students of Medicine and Biology. Springer. p. 466 ... Kenneth, Saladin (2007). Human Anatomy. Rex Bookstore, Inc. pp. 135, 478, 602. ISBN 0071259716. Mosby's Medical, Nursing & ...
New York School of Regional Anesthesia. 2013-09-20. Moore, K.L.; Agur, A.M. (2007). Essential Clinical Anatomy (3rd ed.). ... Saladin, Kenneth (2015). Anatomy and Physiology (7 ed.). New York: McGraw Hill. pp. 489-491. ISBN 9789814646437. Goel, Shivi; ... Saladin, Kenneth (2014). Anatomy and Physiology (7th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education. p. 491. Kishner, Stephen. "Brachial Plexus ... 430-1. ISBN 978-0-7817-6274-8. Saladin, Kenneth (2007). Anatomy and Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function. New York, NY: ...
Human anatomy 1-511.............General 531-549...........Regional anatomy 550-577.8.........Human and comparative histology ... Plant anatomy 710-899...........Plant physiology 900-989...........Plant ecology 1-991..............Zoology 1-355............. ...
Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine. Archived from the original on 13 May 2015. Retrieved 19 December ... Anatomy and Physiology' 2007. Rex Bookstore, Inc. p. 122. ISBN 9789712348075. Draelos, Zoe Diana (2010). "Prevention of ... Krstic, Radivoj V. (18 March 2004). Human Microscopic Anatomy: An Atlas for Students of Medicine and Biology. Springer. pp. 464 ...
Last, R. J. (1984). Anatomy Regional and Applied. London: Churchill Livingstone. p. 345. ISBN 0-443-02989-X. Finn, Martha; ...
Clemente, Carmine (1987). Anatomy, a regional atlas of the human body. Baltimore: Urban & Schwarzenberg. ISBN 978-0-8067-0323-7 ... Anatomy[edit]. Main article: Dental anatomy. Dental anatomy is a field of anatomy dedicated to the study of tooth structure. ... Dental anatomy is also a taxonomic science as it is concerned with the naming of teeth and their structures. This information ... Ash, Major M.; Nelson, Stanley J. (2003). Wheeler's Dental Anatomy, Physiology, and Occlusion (8th ed.). ISBN 978-0-7216-9382-8 ...
McMinn, R. M. H.; Last, R. J. (1994). Last's anatomy, regional and applied. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 0-443-04662- ... X. ent/7 at eMedicine hednk-030-Embryo Images at University of North Carolina Anatomy at oralhealth.dent.umich.edu. ...
Sinnatamby, Chummy S.; Last, Raymond Jack (2006). Last's Anatomy: Regional and Applied. Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 0-443- ... This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) Morris, Craig E. (2005). Low ...
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger. 187 (5-6): 539-53. doi:10.1016/j.aanat.2005.07.004. PMID 16320833. Check date values ... "Isolation and regional assignment of human chromosome 12p cDNAs". Genomics. 29 (1): 44-52. doi:10.1006/geno.1995.1213. PMID ...
Regional, Systemic and Radiological Anatomy. Springer Electronic Media, New York, 2003 (DVD-ROM, ISBN 978-3-540-40069-1). ... J. Venuti, C. Imielinska, P. Molholt: "New Views of Male Pelvic Anatomy: Role of Computer Generated 3D Images" Clinical Anatomy ... It is used as a tool for the progression of medical findings, in which these findings link anatomy to its audiences. A male and ... By studying the data set, researchers at Columbia University found several errors in anatomy textbooks, related to the shape of ...
Frank-Starling law of the heart Regional function of the heart Nebulette S., Sinnatamby, Chummy (2006). Last's anatomy : ... Jahangir Moini; Professor of Allied Health Everest University Indialantic Florida Jahangir Moini (4 April 2011). Anatomy and ... "Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global ... regional and applied. Last, R. J. (Raymond Jack). (11th ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 978-0-443-10032-1 ...
Last's Anatomy Regional and Applied. Elsevier Australia. ISBN 0-7295-3752-8. Platzer, Werner (2004). Color Atlas of Human ... Thieme Atlas of Anatomy (2006), p 424 Platzer (2004), p 238 Mcminn (2003), p 166 Klinkert, P. (1997). "Quadratus femoris ... This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) Mcminn, R.M.H. (2003). ... ISBN 3-13-533305-1. (ISBN for the Americas 1-58890-159-9.) Thieme Atlas of Anatomy. Thieme. 2006. ISBN 978-1-60406-062-1. ...
"External anatomy and explanatory notes". Roy's List of Stomatopods for the Aquarium. University of California Museum of ... FAO Regional Office for Africa. p. 191. ISBN 92-5-103048-0. "Mantis shrimp". togar.de. Retrieved August 26, 2007. F. Maynou, P ...
"Anatomy: World's Most Isolated Countries." World Policy Journal 30.1 (2013): 22-23. Reiff, Joseph T. Born of Conviction: White ... Eritrea has a closed, militarized, and heavily fortified border with Ethiopia, its regional rival with which tensions are high ...
Gow-Gates GA (April 1998). "The Gow-Gates mandibular block: regional anatomy and analgesia". Australian Endodontic Journal. 24 ... of Wisconsin, Local Anesthesia and Regional Anesthetics *^ a b Weinberg GL, VadeBoncouer T, Ramaraju GA, Garcia-Amaro MF, Cwik ... Trauma (peripheral nerve blocks, intravenous regional anesthesia, epidural anesthesia). Chronic pain[edit]. Chronic pain is a ... Intravenous regional anesthesia was first described by August Bier in 1908. This technique is still in use and is remarkably ...
"Comparative Anatomy of the Stomach in Mammalian Herbivores". Quarterly Journal of Experimental Physiology. 69: 615-625. doi ...
Topics include anatomy, form concepts, proportion, structure, composition and design. Individual attention will be given to ... He has done many commissions, including for the Bearden-Josey Center for Breast Health at Spartanburg Regional Hospital in ...
Although regional in approach each chapter is structured to clearly explain the structure and function of the component systems ... The author brings his continuing experience of teaching anatomy to trainee surgeons to ensure the contents reflects the ... This regional textbook of anatomy is aimed at trainee surgeons and medical students. Throughout it is rich in applied clinical ... Lasts Anatomy: Regional and Applied. ClinicalKey 2012. Lasts Anatomy. MRCS Study Guides. ...
We have a great range of Regional Anatomy from top brands. Delivery is free on all UK orders over £20. ... Atlas of Regional Anatomy of the Brain Using Mri With Clinical and Functional Correlations ... Atlas of Regional Anatomy of the Brain Using Mri With Clinical and Functional Correlations ... www.whsmith.co.uk/products/atlas-of-regional-anatomy-of-the-brain-using-mri-with-clinical-and-fun/j-c-tamraz/yg-comair/hardback ...
Buy Atlas of Regional Anatomy of the Brain Using Mri: With Clinical and Functional Correlations by Y.G. Comair From WHSmith ... Atlas of Regional Anatomy of the Brain Using Mri: With Clinical and Functional Correlations. By: Y.G. Comair (author), J. C. ... Subsequent chapters provide a detailed review of the sulcal and the gyral anatomy of the human cortex, guiding the reader ... The volume provides a unique review of the essential topographical anatomy of the brain from an MRI perspective, correlating ...
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Functional anatomy of human procedural learning determined with regional cerebral blood flow and PET. ST Grafton, JC Mazziotta ... Functional anatomy of human procedural learning determined with regional cerebral blood flow and PET ... Functional anatomy of human procedural learning determined with regional cerebral blood flow and PET ... Functional anatomy of human procedural learning determined with regional cerebral blood flow and PET ...
Lasts Anatomy: Regional and Applied (MRCS Study Guides). by Sinnatamby, Chummy S., Last, R. J. by Sinnatamby, Chummy S., Last ... Sinnatamby, Chummy S. is the author of Lasts Anatomy: Regional and Applied (MRCS Study Guides), published 2011 under ISBN ... Lasts Anatomy: Regional and Applied (MRCS Study Guides). ...
Regional metabolic disturbances and cerebrovascular anatomy after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in C57black/6 and ... The vascular anatomy was studied by latex infusion, brain infarction by vital staining, the size of the ischemic penumbra by ... findings suggest that differences in infarct size in C57Black/6 and SV129 mice are determined mainly by the vascular anatomy ... in molecular stroke research but the ischemic susceptibility of these strains is influenced by differences in vascular anatomy ...
Regional anatomy of neck. 山东大学医学院 解剖教研室 李振华. Parts and regions of the neck. Boundaries Superior - a line joining inferior ... Regional anatomy of neck. 山东大学医学院 解剖教研室 李振华. Parts and regions of the neck. Boundaries Superior - a line joining inferior ... Regional anatomy of neck. An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the ... neck -. lu tingting regional anatomy department. brief. muscle vessel. review. fascia and fasical
Regional Edition, features comprehensive, fully labeled, interactive, three-dimensional anatomical models for nine regions: • ... 3D Human Anatomy, Regional Edition, is the essential addition to your anatomy library, providing hundreds of images and ... An valuable resource, 3D Human Anatomy, Regional Edition, features comprehensive, fully labeled, interactive, three-dimensional ... surface anatomy videos, and animations. The 2009 release features an updated interface that allows a larger viewing pane for ...
Regional anatomy - Josef Stingl, Milo Grim, Rastislav Druga, . Nakladatelstv p edev m l ka sk literatury, internetov ... Regional anatomy. Vydavatel. Gal n. EAN. 9788072628797. Typ titulu. u ebnice. Jazyk. angli tina. Po et stran. 123. Form t. ...
Find Regional Human Anatomy Textbook at Plymouth State University (theclockonline), along with other Textbooks in Plymouth, New ... Regional Human Anatomy Description. Regional Human Anatomy: A Laboratory Workbook for Use With Models and Prosections 5 Edition ... The Grine Lab Workbook is designed for the Human Anatomy Lab course and takes a Regional approach as opposed to a systems ... This approach is becoming more and more popular as a way to teach Human Anatomy. Instructors who use a lab book with a " ...
In this study, we used magnetic resonance imaging to examine brain anatomy in 4- to 7-year-old SGA children with and without ... Regional differences in prefrontal cortical thickness suggest a different development of the cerebral cortex. SGA children with ... these children strongly differ on brain organisation when compared with healthy controls relating to both global and regional ...
Regional Anatomy 1) (Rango) (ME). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. ...
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Abstract: Anatomy of coal bearing reservoirs: new insights at regional and reservoir scale form the upper Carboniferous ...
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  • C57Black/6 and SV129 mice are widely used for the production of transgenic mutants in molecular stroke research but the ischemic susceptibility of these strains is influenced by differences in vascular anatomy and the responsiveness to excitotoxins and vasodilatory stimuli. (nih.gov)
  • These findings suggest that differences in infarct size in C57Black/6 and SV129 mice are determined mainly by the vascular anatomy and not by differences in collateral vascular responsiveness or excitotoxicity. (nih.gov)
  • Regional differences in neurovascular coupling in rat brain as determined by fMRI and electrophysiology. (ox.ac.uk)
  • regional differences in pronunciation. (dictionary.com)
  • Early PET studies concentrated on quantitative imaging of resting-state blood flow and metabolism [ 2 , 5 ], whereas later PET and then fMRI studies used tools with some form of global mean normalization (GMN), most notably statistical parametric mapping (SPM), or the Scaled Subprofile Model of principal component analysis (SSM-PCA), to obtain regional differences among control and metabolically/functionally perturbed states. (hindawi.com)
  • The seventh edition now features : Newly drawn diagrams, redesigned on the basis of reader-teacher perceptions, in vivid colours, imposing dimensions, with clarity of depiction, using fresh labeling, Enhanced and well illustrated clinical anatomy given along with each concerned topic to increase the book's utility to the student during the clinical years, Volume 3 presents reinforced material on Head and Neck, Volume 4 now highlights Brain and Neuroanatomy. (slugbooks.com)
  • From "Lower Face: Clinical Anatomy and Regional Approaches with Injectable Fillers. (lww.com)
  • The Sixth Edition of Clemente's Anatomy features over 1,000 bright, almost comprehensive full-color examples, along with a wealth of accompanying analytical images and numerous muscle construction tables. (freebooksmedical.com)
  • The 6th version of Clemente's Anatomy good points greater than 1,000 realistically distinctive full-color illustrations, plus a wealth of accompanying diagnostic pictures and diverse muscle tables. (ndesign.ru)
  • The volume provides a unique review of the essential topographical anatomy of the brain from an MRI perspective, correlating high-quality anatomaical plates with the corresponding high-resolution MRI images. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • Tom Myers presents his unique take on pelvic anatomy and SI joint dynamics, and takes us on a systematic tour of the 20 'myofascial units' (muscles) surrounding the pelvis, demonstrating and explaining the anatomy, the approach, and Fascial Release techniques. (anatomytrains.co.uk)
  • In most publications, students perceptions regarding anatomical courses including imaging anatomy were investigated by means of questionnaires and, regardless of the method of teaching, it was globally concluded that imaging anatomy enhanced the quality and efficiency of instruction in human anatomy. (patmat.com)
  • The vascular anatomy was studied by latex infusion, brain infarction by vital staining, the size of the ischemic penumbra by imaging of ATP and protein synthesis, and blood flow by laser-Doppler flowmetry. (nih.gov)
  • At the heart of the book lies the question of how the changing global and regional order facilitated or even fuelled the 2017 Crisis, which it argues was only the most recent climax in an ongoing crisis in the Gulf, on that had been simmering since 2011 and is rooted in historical feuds that date back to the 1800s. (worldcat.org)
  • Conclusions Variations in epidural anatomy due to vertebral level, age, and disease may alter the ease of epidural entry and passage of catheters and injected solution. (bmj.com)
  • Beyond clinically relevant anatomy, the book features regional anesthesia equipment (needles, catheters, surgical gloves) and overview of some cutting edge research instruments (e. g. scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy). (callisto.ro)
  • Biology is one of the original natural sciences, even reaching back as far as the study of anatomy in ancient Egypt, where evidence has been found of surgery, forensics, and anatomical knowledge of both organ structure and function. (southeastregionalcollege.org)
  • Intravenous regional analgesia is best used for brief minor surgery (up to 1 hour) of the hand and forearm. (scribd.com)
  • Dealing with the anatomy of the human body on a regional basis, it emphasises the clinical and applied aspects of the subject for undergraduates and postgraduate trainees in medicine, surgery and dentistry. (bookshopbd.com)
  • In order to understand your options for pain relief following shoulder surgery, it's important to first understand the anatomy of the shoulder. (asra.com)
  • He founded the Pennsylvania School of Anatomy and Surgery where he gave lectures from 1881-1893, and taught artistic anatomy at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts for the last 23 years of his life. (wikipedia.org)
  • His best known literary work is his Regional Anatomy in Its Relation to Medicine and Surgery in which McClellan made his own photographs from his own dissections and completed the illustrations himself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Regional Human Anatomy: A Laboratory Workbook for Use With Models and Prosections 5 Edition The Grine Lab Workbook is designed for the Human Anatomy Lab course and takes a Regional approach as opposed to a systems approach. (theclockonline.com)
  • This approach is becoming more and more popular as a way to teach Human Anatomy. (theclockonline.com)
  • Instructors who use a lab book with a "regional approach" and combine it with a text that takes a "systems" approach offer their students a combination that serves to reinforce anatomical knowledge since it forces the student to see each anatomical structure from two perspectives. (theclockonline.com)
  • While global information was lost with GMN, the quantitative approach (i.e., a validated method for quantitative baseline metabolic activity without GMN) not only preserved global CMR glc alterations induced by opening eyes, sedation, and varying consciousness but also detected regional CMR glc variations in the congenitally blind. (hindawi.com)
  • Further, we DESCRIBE THE feasibility of performing regional nerve blocks in challenging SITUATIONS such as in patients with spinal instrumentation and baclofen catheter in situ. (springer.com)