Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Anatomy, Comparative: The comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts. (Stedman, 25th ed)Anatomy, Artistic: The study of the structures of organisms for applications in art: drawing, painting, sculpture, illustration, etc.Anatomy, Cross-Sectional: Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, and computed tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED). (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)Dissection: The separation and isolation of tissues for surgical purposes, or for the analysis or study of their structures.Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Medical Illustration: The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.Anatomy, Regional: The anatomical study of specific regions or parts of organisms, emphasizing the relationship between the various structures (e.g. muscles, nerves, skeletal, cardiovascular, etc.).Anatomy, Veterinary: The study of the anatomical structures of animals.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Medicine in ArtFossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.Atlases as Topic: Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.Phlebography: Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Dinosaurs: General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.Embryology: The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.Ligaments, Articular: Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Fascia: Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.Ligaments: Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.Cerebral Veins: Veins draining the cerebrum.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Corrosion Casting: A tissue preparation technique that involves the injecting of plastic (acrylates) into blood vessels or other hollow viscera and treating the tissue with a caustic substance. This results in a negative copy or a solid replica of the enclosed space of the tissue that is ready for viewing under a scanning electron microscope.Veins: The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.Petrous Bone: The dense rock-like part of temporal bone that contains the INNER EAR. Petrous bone is located at the base of the skull. Sometimes it is combined with the MASTOID PROCESS and called petromastoid part of temporal bone.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Mesophyll Cells: Large and highly vacuolated cells possessing many chloroplasts occuring in the interior cross-section of leaves, juxtaposed between the epidermal layers.Visible Human Projects: Digital image data sets, consisting of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies.Vocabulary, Controlled: A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Surgery, Computer-Assisted: Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.SculptureImage Enhancement: Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.PaintingsSkull Base: The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.Cystic Duct: The duct that is connected to the GALLBLADDER and allows the emptying of bile into the COMMON BILE DUCT.Otologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the external, middle, or internal ear.Temporal Bone: Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).Coronary Sinus: A short vein that collects about two thirds of the venous blood from the MYOCARDIUM and drains into the RIGHT ATRIUM. Coronary sinus, normally located between the LEFT ATRIUM and LEFT VENTRICLE on the posterior surface of the heart, can serve as an anatomical reference for cardiac procedures.Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.Occipital Bone: Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Alligators and Crocodiles: Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.Vascular Malformations: A spectrum of congenital, inherited, or acquired abnormalities in BLOOD VESSELS that can adversely affect the normal blood flow in ARTERIES or VEINS. Most are congenital defects such as abnormal communications between blood vessels (fistula), shunting of arterial blood directly into veins bypassing the CAPILLARIES (arteriovenous malformations), formation of large dilated blood blood-filled vessels (cavernous angioma), and swollen capillaries (capillary telangiectases). In rare cases, vascular malformations can result from trauma or diseases.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Histology: The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.Masticatory Muscles: Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Hyoid Bone: A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Chenopodiaceae: The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.Circle of Willis: A polygonal anastomosis at the base of the brain formed by the internal carotid (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL), proximal parts of the anterior, middle, and posterior cerebral arteries (ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY; MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY; POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), the anterior communicating artery and the posterior communicating arteries.Brachial Plexus: The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.Diagnostic Imaging: Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.Larynx: A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.Hepatic Veins: Veins which drain the liver.Famous PersonsPersia: An ancient civilization, known as early as 2000 B.C. The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great (550-529 B.C.) and for 200 years, from 550 to 331 B.C., the Persians ruled the ancient world from India to Egypt. The territory west of India was called Persis by the Greeks who later called the entire empire Persia. In 331 B.C. the Persian wars against the Greeks ended disastrously under the counterattacks by Alexander the Great. The name Persia in modern times for the modern country was changed to Iran in 1935. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p546 & Asimov, Words on the Map, 1962, p176)Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Orbit: Bony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.Nasal Cavity: The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.Situs Inversus: A congenital abnormality in which organs in the THORAX and the ABDOMEN are opposite to their normal positions (situs solitus) due to lateral transposition. Normally the STOMACH and SPLEEN are on the left, LIVER on the right, the three-lobed right lung is on the right, and the two-lobed left lung on the left. Situs inversus has a familial pattern and has been associated with a number of genes related to microtubule-associated proteins.Tomography, Spiral Computed: Computed tomography where there is continuous X-ray exposure to the patient while being transported in a spiral or helical pattern through the beam of irradiation. This provides improved three-dimensional contrast and spatial resolution compared to conventional computed tomography, where data is obtained and computed from individual sequential exposures.Lumbosacral Plexus: The lumbar and sacral plexuses taken together. The fibers of the lumbosacral plexus originate in the lumbar and upper sacral spinal cord (L1 to S3) and innervate the lower extremities.Coronary Vessel Anomalies: Malformations of CORONARY VESSELS, either arteries or veins. Included are anomalous origins of coronary arteries; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; CORONARY ANEURYSM; MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING; and others.History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Jaw: Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Neck: The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.Pulmonary Veins: The veins that return the oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.Pelvic Floor: Soft tissue formed mainly by the pelvic diaphragm, which is composed of the two levator ani and two coccygeus muscles. The pelvic diaphragm lies just below the pelvic aperture (outlet) and separates the pelvic cavity from the PERINEUM. It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly.Aortography: Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.Tendons: Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.Cardiac Catheters: Catheters inserted into various locations within the heart for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Contrast Media: Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.Forelimb: A front limb of a quadruped. (The Random House College Dictionary, 1980)Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Cervical Atlas: The first cervical vertebra.Hominidae: Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).Epiglottis: A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.Cyperaceae: The sedge plant family of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons)Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Microsurgery: The performance of surgical procedures with the aid of a microscope.Back: The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Fetal Heart: The heart of the fetus of any viviparous animal. It refers to the heart in the postembryonic period and is differentiated from the embryonic heart (HEART/embryology) only on the basis of time.Hepatic Artery: A branch of the celiac artery that distributes to the stomach, pancreas, duodenum, liver, gallbladder, and greater omentum.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Heart Atria: The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Histology, Comparative: The study of the similarities and differences in the structures of homologous tissues across various species.Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Anatomic Variation: Peculiarities associated with the internal structure, form, topology, or architecture of organisms that distinguishes them from others of the same species or group.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Neurosurgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Xylem: Plant tissue that carries water up the root and stem. Xylem cell walls derive most of their strength from LIGNIN. The vessels are similar to PHLOEM sieve tubes but lack companion cells and do not have perforated sides and pores.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.AxisHeart Septal Defects, Ventricular: Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the VENTRICULAR SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two lower chambers of the heart. Classification of ventricular septal defects is based on location of the communication, such as perimembranous, inlet, outlet (infundibular), central muscular, marginal muscular, or apical muscular defect.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Sesamoid Bones: Nodular bones which lie within a tendon and slide over another bony surface. The PATELLA (kneecap) is a sesamoid bone.Cranial Sinuses: Large endothelium-lined venous channels situated between the two layers of DURA MATER, the endosteal and the meningeal layers. They are devoid of valves and are parts of the venous system of dura mater. Major cranial sinuses include a postero-superior group (such as superior sagittal, inferior sagittal, straight, transverse, and occipital) and an antero-inferior group (such as cavernous, petrosal, and basilar plexus).Palate, Soft: A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. The uvula hangs from the middle of the lower border.Facial Nerve: The 7th cranial nerve. The facial nerve has two parts, the larger motor root which may be called the facial nerve proper, and the smaller intermediate or sensory root. Together they provide efferent innervation to the muscles of facial expression and to the lacrimal and SALIVARY GLANDS, and convey afferent information for TASTE from the anterior two-thirds of the TONGUE and for TOUCH from the EXTERNAL EAR.Thorax: The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)X-Ray Microtomography: X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.Thyroid Cartilage: The largest cartilage of the larynx consisting of two laminae fusing anteriorly at an acute angle in the midline of the neck. The point of fusion forms a subcutaneous projection known as the Adam's apple.Anal Canal: The terminal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, beginning from the ampulla of the RECTUM and ending at the anus.Transposition of Great Vessels: A congenital cardiovascular malformation in which the AORTA arises entirely from the RIGHT VENTRICLE, and the PULMONARY ARTERY arises from the LEFT VENTRICLE. Consequently, the pulmonary and the systemic circulations are parallel and not sequential, so that the venous return from the peripheral circulation is re-circulated by the right ventricle via aorta to the systemic circulation without being oxygenated in the lungs. This is a potentially lethal form of heart disease in newborns and infants.Embalming: Process of preserving a dead body to protect it from decay.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Radiographic Image Enhancement: Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Cranial Nerves: Twelve pairs of nerves that carry general afferent, visceral afferent, special afferent, somatic efferent, and autonomic efferent fibers.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Palate, Hard: The anteriorly located rigid section of the PALATE.Clavicle: A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Anthropology, Physical: The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Clitoris: An erectile structure homologous with the penis, situated beneath the anterior labial commissure, partially hidden between the anterior ends of the labia minora.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.Fluoroscopy: Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.Spinal Canal: The cavity within the SPINAL COLUMN through which the SPINAL CORD passes.Catheter Ablation: Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.Convolvulaceae: The morning glory family of flowering plants, of the order Solanales, which includes about 50 genera and at least 1,400 species. Leaves are alternate and flowers are funnel-shaped. Most are twining and erect herbs, with a few woody vines, trees, and shrubs.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Coronary Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Ipomoea: A plant genus in the family CONVOLVULACEAE best known for morning glories (a common name also used with CONVOLVULUS) and sweet potato.Anatomic Landmarks: Reference points located by visual inspection, palpation, or computer assistance, that are useful in localizing structures on or within the human body.Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Tongue: A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.Pongo pygmaeus: A species of orangutan, family HOMINIDAE, found in the forests on the island of Borneo.Perineum: The body region lying between the genital area and the ANUS on the surface of the trunk, and to the shallow compartment lying deep to this area that is inferior to the PELVIC DIAPHRAGM. The surface area is between the VULVA and the anus in the female, and between the SCROTUM and the anus in the male.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Models, Cardiovascular: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.Bile Ducts: The channels that collect and transport the bile secretion from the BILE CANALICULI, the smallest branch of the BILIARY TRACT in the LIVER, through the bile ductules, the bile ducts out the liver, and to the GALLBLADDER for storage.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.Atlanto-Occipital Joint: The point of articulation between the OCCIPITAL BONE and the CERVICAL ATLAS.Creativity: The ability to generate new ideas or images.

Identifying homologous anatomical landmarks on reconstructed magnetic resonance images of the human cerebral cortical surface. (1/16)

Guided by a review of the anatomical literature, 36 sulci on the human cerebral cortical surface were designated as homologous. These sulci were assessed for visibility on 3-dimensional images reconstructed from magnetic resonance imaging scans of the brains of 20 normal volunteers by 2 independent observers. Those sulci that were found to be reproducibly identifiable were used to define 24 landmarks around the cortical surface. The interobserver and intraobserver variabilities of measurement of the 24 landmarks were calculated. These reliably reproducible landmarks can be used for detailed morphometric analysis, and may prove helpful in the analysis of suspected cerebral cortical structured abnormalities in patients with such conditions as epilepsy.  (+info)

Hyperpolarization-activated current I(h) in nucleus of solitary tract neurons: regional difference in serotonergic modulation. (2/16)

The nucleus of solitary tract (NTS) contains diverse neural circuits responsible for basic vital functions. We examined the effect of serotonin (5-HT) on hyperpolarization-activated current (I(h)) in neurons acutely isolated from caudal, medial and rostral parts of the NTS. Caudal and medial NTS neurons showed a large amplitude of I(h) compared with rostral neurons. In these neurons, perfusion with 5-HT potentiated Ih amplitude in a concentration-dependent manner. The effect of 5-HT was blocked by NAN-190, a 5-HT1A receptor antagonist. Thus, 5-HT1A receptors may regulate I(h) channel activity in caudal and medial NTS neurons.  (+info)

Regional distribution of Na,K-ATPase activity in porcine lens epithelium. (3/16)

PURPOSE: It has been established that Na,K-ATPase activity is higher in lens epithelium than fibers. However, others have suggested the Na,K-ATPase enzyme may be inactive or absent in the central 10% of the epithelium. Studies were conducted to measure and compare Na,K-ATPase specific activity and to examine Na,K-ATPase protein expression in the anterior and equatorial regions of porcine lens epithelium. METHODS: Na,K-ATPase activity was determined by measuring the ouabain-sensitive rate of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis. Western blot analysis was used to detect Na,K-ATPase catalytic subunit (alpha) and glycoprotein subunit (beta) protein as well as beta-actin which was used as a loading control. RESULTS: Na,K-ATPase specific activity was more than two times higher in the equatorial epithelium than the anterior 50% of the epithelium. However, the abundance of Na,K-ATPase alpha1 isoform protein was similar in the two regions. Neither the alpha2 nor alpha3 Na,K-ATPase isoform could be detected in the anterior or equatorial epithelium, but Na,K-ATPase beta1 protein was detected in both regions. In contrast to the observed regional difference in Na,K-ATPase activity, the activity of a different P-type ATPase, plasma membrane Ca-ATPase (PMCA), was not significantly different in the anterior and central epithelium. Western blot analysis indicated the presence of two PMCA isoforms, PMCA2, and PMCA4. CONCLUSIONS: Na,K-ATPase activity is significantly higher at the equatorial region of the epithelium compared with the anterior, even though the level of Na,K-ATPase protein is similar in the two regions. It is possible that nonuniform distribution of functional Na,K-ATPase activity contributes to the driving force for circulating solute movement through the lens fiber mass.  (+info)

Regional variation in the structural response and geometrical properties of human ribs. (4/16)

By incorporating material and geometrical properties into a model of the human thorax one can develop an injury criterion that is a function of stress and strain of the material and not a function of the global response of the thorax. Previous research on the mechanical properties of ribs has focused on a limited set of specific ribs. For this study a total of 52 rib specimens were removed from four cadaver subjects. Variation in peak moment by thoracic region was significant (p < 0.01) with average values of 2, 2.9 and 3.9 N-m for the anterior, lateral and posterior regions respectively. Two geometrical properties, radius of gyration and distance from the neutral axis, showed significant variation by region (p < 0.0001) as well as by rib level (p = < 0.01, 0.05). The results of this study can be used to update current models of the human thorax to account for the variation in strength and geometrical properties throughout the rib cage. Accounting for the variation in rib properties by region will improve injury predictive measures and, therefore, the ability to design systems to prevent thoracic injury.  (+info)

Selective anterograde tracing of the individual serotonergic and nonserotonergic components of the dorsal raphe nucleus projection to the vestibular nuclei. (5/16)

It is well known that the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) sends serotonergic and nonserotonergic projections to target regions in the brain stem and forebrain, including the vestibular nuclei. Although retrograde tracing studies have reported consistently that there are differences in the relative innervation of different target regions by serotonergic and nonserotonergic DRN neurons, the relative termination patterns of these two projections have not been compared using anterograde tracing methods. The object of the present investigation was to trace anterogradely the individual serotonergic and nonserotonergic components of the projection from DRN to the vestibular nuclei in rats. To trace nonserotonergic DRN projections, animals were pretreated with the serotonergic neurotoxin 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT), and then, after 7 days, the anterograde tracer biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) was iontophoretically injected into the DRN. In animals treated with 5,7-DHT, nonserotonergic BDA-labeled fibers were found to descend exclusively within the ventricular plexus and to terminate predominantly within the periventricular aspect of the vestibular nuclei. Serotonergic DRN projections were traced by injecting 5,7-DHT directly into DRN, and amino-cupric-silver staining was used to visualize the resulting pattern of terminal degeneration. Eighteen hours after microinjection of 5,7-DHT into the DRN, fine-caliber degenerating serotonergic terminals were found within the region of the medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) that borders the fourth ventricle, and a mixture of fine- and heavier-caliber degenerating serotonergic terminals was located further laterally within the vestibular nuclear complex. These findings indicate that fine-caliber projections from serotonergic and nonserotonergic DRN neurons primarily innervate the periventricular regions of MVN, whereas heavier-caliber projections from serotonergic DRN neurons innervate terminal fields located in more lateral regions of the vestibular nuclei. Thus, serotonergic and nonserotonergic DRN axons target distinct but partially overlapping terminal fields within the vestibular nuclear complex, raising the possibility that these two DRN projection systems are organized in a manner that permits regionally-specialized regulation of processing within the vestibular nuclei.  (+info)

Clinically-relevant variations of the carotid arterial system. (6/16)

INTRODUCTION: Developmental anomalies in the origin and branching pattern of the external carotid artery are not common. The level of the bifurcation of the common carotid artery and also the variations in the origin/branching pattern of the external carotid artery are well known and documented. METHODS: The variations in the level of bifurcation of the common carotid artery and the branching pattern of the external carotid artery were studied on 95 cadavers (52 male and 43 female). The common, external and internal carotid arteries were dissected on both sides. The level of carotid bifurcation was determined by comparison with the cervical vertebrae. Branching patterns of the carotid arteries were examined. RESULTS: Apart from the textbook description of the arteries, we came across several interesting variations. The bifurcation level of the common carotid artery was determined to be 50 percent at the C3 level, 40 percent at the C4 level and ten percent at the C2 level on the right side, and 55 percent at the C3 level, 35 percent at the C4 level, one percent at the C5 level and nine percent at the C2 level on the left side. CONCLUSION: Anatomical knowledge of the origin, course, and branching pattern of the external carotid artery, as well as the level of bifurcation of the common carotid artery, will be useful to surgeons when ligating the vessels in the head and neck regions during surgery and to avoid unnecessary complications during carotid endarterectomy.  (+info)

The relative position of the greater palatine foramen in dry Indian skulls. (7/16)

INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the relative position of the greater palatine foramen (GPF) for precise injection of local anaesthetics, for optimal pain control in maxillofacial and dental surgeries. METHODS: The study was conducted in 132 adult dried unsexed skulls of the west coast region of Southern India. All the skulls studied were normal with fully erupted third molars and free from any pathological changes. RESULTS: The statistical analysis indicated there was no significant difference in the measurement between the right and left sides with regard to the distance of GPF to the midline, GPF to the incisive fossa, GPF to the posterior border of the hard palate. The angle made by the line joining the GPF to the incisive foramen with the palatal midline (GIM angle) on two sides showed statistical significance. The mean angle on the left side was 21.2 +/- 4.2 degrees and 20.1 +/- 4.2 degrees on the right side. In 74.6 percent of skulls, the GPF was located opposite the third maxillary molars, whereas 24.2 percent showed the GPF between the second and third molars. In 0.4 percent of skulls, the GPF was opposite to the second molar and in 0.8 percent of skulls, the GPF was situated beyond the third molar. 46.2 percent of the GPF was directed forward and medially, whereas 41.3 percent was directed forward, and 12.5 percent as directed forward and laterally. CONCLUSION: The perpendicular distance of the GPF in Indian skulls was about 15 mm, the distance of GPF to incisive fossa was approximately 37 mm, and the GIM angle was 21 degrees.  (+info)

Michael Servetus (1511-1553) and the discovery of pulmonary circulation. (8/16)

Michael Servetus was the first doctor ever to challenge and scientifically argue against the theories of Galen, which predominated for 14 centuries in medical schools worldwide. Even though he was relatively correct in scientific terms, Servetus was punished because of his boldness in challenging Galen's theories and was condemned to death by the Holy Inquisition. Yet, by publicly challenging Galen's and Hippocrates' predominant and unquestionable lessons on medicine for the first time, Servetus opened the door for other doctors to challenge and correct those theories and subsequently to bring about a new view of human anatomy and physiology. This article underlines the contribution of Servetus to the description of the pulmonary circulation.  (+info)

*Terminologia Anatomica

Skin Subcutaneous tissue Terminologia Embryologica Foundational Model of Anatomy International Morphological Terminology " ... Heart Arteries Veins Lymphatic trunks and ducts Primary lymphoid organs Secondary lymphoid organs Regional lymph nodes General ...

*Outline of human anatomy

It is subdivided into gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy, regional anatomy ... Human body Anatomy Gross anatomy Microscopic anatomy Cytology Histology The following list of human anatomical structures is ... The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to human anatomy: Human anatomy - scientific study of the ... anatomy) Axis (anatomy) Dens Vertebra prominens (C7) Thoracic vertebrae Lumbar vertebrae Sacrum Dorsal surface Sacral cornu ...

*Subcutaneous tissue

"Chapter 4: The skin, hair and nails". Basic Human Anatomy: A Regional Study of Human Structure. Retrieved 9 June 2013. Fischer ... Mcminn (October 2003). Lasts Anatomy Regional and Applied. Elsevier Australia. p. 3. ISBN 0729537528. "The hypodermis". An ... Krstic, Radivoj V. (18 March 2004). Human Microscopic Anatomy: An Atlas for Students of Medicine and Biology. Springer. p. 466 ... Kenneth, Saladin (2007). Human Anatomy. Rex Bookstore, Inc. pp. 135, 478, 602. ISBN 0071259716. Mosby's Medical, Nursing & ...

*Perineal tear

Last, R. J. (1984). Anatomy Regional and Applied. London: Churchill Livingstone. p. 345. ISBN 0-443-02989-X. Finn, Martha; ...

*Quadratus femoris muscle

Last's Anatomy Regional and Applied. Elsevier Australia. ISBN 0-7295-3752-8. Platzer, Werner (2004). Color Atlas of Human ... Thieme Atlas of Anatomy (2006), p 424 Platzer (2004), p 238 Mcminn (2003), p 166 Klinkert, P. (1997). "Quadratus femoris ... This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) Mcminn, R.M.H. (2003). ... ISBN 3-13-533305-1. (ISBN for the Americas 1-58890-159-9.) Thieme Atlas of Anatomy. Thieme. 2006. ISBN 978-1-60406-062-1. ...

*Lip

McMinn, R. M. H.; Last, R. J. (1994). Last's anatomy, regional and applied. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 0-443-04662- ... X. ent/7 at eMedicine hednk-030-Embryo Images at University of North Carolina Anatomy at oralhealth.dent.umich.edu. ...

*Posterior sacrococcygeal ligament

Sinnatamby, Chummy S.; Last, Raymond Jack (2006). Last's Anatomy: Regional and Applied. Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 0-443- ... This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) Morris, Craig E. (2005). Low ...

*Cardiac muscle

Frank-Starling law of the heart Regional function of the heart Nebulette S., Sinnatamby, Chummy (2006). Last's anatomy : ... Jahangir Moini; Professor of Allied Health Everest University Indialantic Florida Jahangir Moini (4 April 2011). Anatomy and ... "Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global ... regional and applied. Last, R. J. (Raymond Jack). (11th ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 978-0-443-10032-1 ...

*External occipital crest

Halim, A. (2008). Anatomy : regional and clinical for dental students. New Delhi: I.K. International Publishing House. p. 12. ...

*Pharyngeal arch

Last's anatomy: Regional and applied (9th ed). Sudhir, Sant, 2008.Embryology for Medical Students 2nd edition Rodríguez-Vázquez ... ISBN 0-914168-99-1. Kyung Won Chung (2005). Gross Anatomy (Board Review). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0 ... Kardong KV (2003). "Vertebrates: Comparative Anatomy, Function, Evolution". Third edition. New York (McGraw Hill). Depew MJ, ...

*George McClellan (anatomy professor)

Regional Anatomy and its Relation to Medicine and Surgery; full text from the Jefferson Digital Commons Regional Anatomy and ... His best known literary work is his Regional Anatomy in Its Relation to Medicine and Surgery in which McClellan made his own ... He founded the Pennsylvania School of Anatomy and Surgery where he gave lectures from 1881-1893, and taught artistic anatomy at ... His anatomical expertise was recognized by Jefferson Medical College in his 1906 appointment as chair of the applied anatomy ...

*Vasomotor

B.D Cahurasia (2010). Human Anatomy: Regional & Applied (Dissection & Clinical) 5e (in 3 Vols.) Vol. 1: Upper Limb & Thorax ...

*Lumbricals of the hand

2008, p. 97 Last's Anatomy - Regional and Applied, 10th ed. Chummy S. Sinnatamby, pg. 64 and pg. 82. Gosling, J.A.; Harris, P.F ... Humpherson, J.R.; Whitmore, I.; Willan, P.L.T. (2008). Human Anatomy: Color Atlas and Textbook. phot. by A.L. Bentley (5th ed ...

*Uncus

Atlas of Regional Anatomy of the Brain Using MRI (2006), p 8. Uncus in the Brede Database at the Technical University of ... This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 826 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) JC Tamraz, YG ...

*Deltoid tubercle of spine of scapula

Acromion Spine of scapula R.M.H. McMinn "Lasts Anatomy Regional and Applied" Elsevier Australia, 2003. p.129 ISBN 9780729537520 ... Alison Middleditch, Jean Oliver, "Functional Anatomy of the Spine," Butterworth-Heinemann (2002) p.113 ISBN 978-0750627177. ...

*Comparative foot morphology

One organizational approach to understanding foot structures makes distinctions regarding their regional anatomy. The foot ... McClure, RC (1999). "Functional Anatomy of the Horse Foot" (PDF). Agricultural MU Guide. Retrieved April 22, 2009. Howell, AB ( ... Miller, CE; Basu, C; Fritsch, G; Hildebrandt, T; JR, Hutchinson (2008). "Ontogenetic scaling of foot musculoskeletal anatomy in ...

*Liver

ISBN 978-81-8061-833-8. McMinn, R. M. H. (2003). "Liver and Biliary Tract". Last's Anatomy: Regional and Applied. Elsevier. pp ... MDCT is good in vascular anatomy and volumetry. MRI is used for biliary tree anatomy. Donors with very unusual vascular anatomy ... Clemente, Carmin D. (2011). Anatomy a Regional Atlas of the Human Body. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 243. ... "Anatomy of the Liver". Liver.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-26. Renz, John F.; Kinkhabwala, Milan (2014). "Surgical Anatomy of the ...

*Thoracic inlet

Note: internal mammary is now known as internal thoracic artery.) McMinn, RMH (Ed) (1994) Last's Anatomy: Regional and applied ...

*Pterion

McMinn.Last's anatomy regional and applied, 9th edition. Edinburgh (UK): Churchill Livingstone; 1994. Page 645 Siyan, MA; ... Anatomy figure: 22:01-04 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center Diagram - look for #24 (source here). ... This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) R.M. ... Clinical Anatomy. 25 (3): 330-339. doi:10.1002/ca.21232. PMID 21800374. Garner, Jeff; Goodfellow, Peter (2004). Questions for ...

*Hamulus

ISBN 1-171-91075-4. Carmine D. Clemente PhD (2010). Anatomy: A Regional Atlas of the Human Body (ANATOMY, REGIONAL ATLAS OF THE ... In vertebrate anatomy, a hamulus is a small, hook-shaped portion of a bone, or possibly of other hard tissue. In human anatomy ... The terms also are used in descriptive anatomy of some insect genitalia, such as hamuli in various Odonata and "hamus" for the ...

*Mesentery

Last's anatomy: regional and applied (9th ed.). London: Langman Group. p. 331e42. Toldt C (1879). "Bau und ... Anatomy photo:39:01-0100 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center jejunumileum at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown ... Clinical anatomy: applied anatomy for students and junior doctors. 12th ed. Blackwell Science; 2010. p. 86. McMinn RH (1994). " ... Flexural anatomy is frequently described as a difficult area. It is simplified when each flexure is considered as being ...

*Median nerve

BD Chaurasia's Human Anatomy (Regional and Applied Dissection and Clinical) Volume 1 - Upper limb and thorax (Fifth ed.). India ... Median nerve Median nerve This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) ... Figure 6.86, Moore Clinically Orientated Anatomy 7th Edition Median_nerve at the Duke University Health System's Orthopedics ...

*Axillary space

Krishna, Garg (2010). "7 - Scapula". BD Chaurasia's Human Anatomy (Regional and Applied Dissection and Clinical) Volume 1 - ... ISBN 978-81-239-1863-1. ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) https://web.archive.org/web/20080103065905/http://anatomy.med.umich ...

*Triangular space

Krishna, Garg (2010). "7 - Scapula". BD Chaurasia's Human Anatomy (Regional and Applied Dissection and Clinical) Volume 1 - ... Chung (2005). Gross Anatomy (Board Review). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 34. ISBN 0-7817-5309-0. Valera ... ISBN 978-81-239-1863-1. ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) Anatomy photo:03:05-0101 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - " ... "Triangular Space of Scapular Region" Adam Mitchell; Drake, Richard; Gray, Henry David; Wayne Vogl (2005). Gray's anatomy for ...

*Triangular interval

ISBN 0-7817-5309-0. Krishna, Garg (2010). "7 - Scapula". BD Chaurasia's Human Anatomy (Regional and Applied Dissection and ... McClelland D, Paxinos A. The anatomy of the quadrilateral space with reference to quadrilateral space syndrome. J Shoulder ... Axillary spaces Quadrangular space Triangular space Photo at tufts.edu Kyung Won Chung (2005). Gross Anatomy (Board Review). ... Gray's anatomy for students. Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone. p. 650. ISBN 0-443-06612-4. "uams.edu". Retrieved 2008-01-02. ...

*IHeartRadio Music Awards

The categories cover an array of genres, including alternative rock, hip-hop, R&B, Latin and regional Mexican music. The ... "TV ratings: iHeart Radio Music Awards solid, 'Grey's Anatomy' up". Los Angeles Times. May 2, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2016. ...

*Quadrangular space

BD Chaurasia's Human Anatomy (Regional and Applied Dissection and Clinical) Volume 1 - Upper limb and thorax (Fifth ed.). India ... This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) Krishna, Garg (2010). "7 - ... ISBN 978-81-239-1863-1. ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) Anatomy photo:03:04-0101 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - " ... Gray's anatomy for students. Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone. p. 649. ISBN 0-443-06612-4. Quadrangular_space at the Duke ...
A textbook of regional anatomy , A textbook of regional anatomy , کتابخانه دیجیتال دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان
Jozef Mihalik, Assoc. Prof., DVM, PhD. Upper limb (UL) skeleton, joints, muscles, arterial blood supply, venous and lymphatic drainage, innervation, regional anatomy Skeleton of UL Shoulder girdle: Free
Biology and Biotechnology. Science. Industry and Science. Human Anatomy ll. Lesson Structure: There are 7 lessons: Cytology Surface Anatomy Systemic Anatomy I Systemic Anatomy II Regional Anatomy I Regional Anatomy II Radiographic and Diagnostic Anatomy Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the schools
The volume provides a unique review of the essential topographical anatomy of the brain from an MRI perspective, correlating high-quality anatomical plates with the corresponding high-resolution MRI images. The book includes a historical review of brain mapping and an analysis of the essential reference planes used for the study of the human brain. Subsequent chapters provide a detailed review of the sulcal and the gyral anatomy of the human cortex, guiding the reader through an interpretation of the individual brain atlas provided by high-resolution MRI. The relationship between brain structure and function is approached in a topographical fashion with analysis of the necessary imaging methodology and displayed anatomy. The central, perisylvian, mesial temporal and occipital areas receive special attention. Imaging of the core brain structures is included. An extensive coronal atlas concludes the book ...
1. Anatomy, Pharmacology and Hygiene. 1.1 Histology and Histological Techniques: Paraffin embedding technique of tissue processing and H.E. staining - Freezing microtomy- Microscopy-Bright field micro-scope and electron microscope. Cytology-structure of cell, organells and inclusions; cell division-cell types- Tissues and their classification-embryonic and adult tissues-Comparative histology of organs-Vascular. Nervous, digestive, respiratory, musculo- skeletal and urogenital systems-Endocrine glands -Integuments-sense organs.. 1.2 Embryology - Embryology of verte-brates with special reference to aves and domestic mammals gametogenesis-fertilization-germ layers- foetal membranes and placentation-types of placenta in domestic mammals-Teratology-twins and twinning-organogenesis -germ layer derivatives- endodermal, mesodermal and ectodermal derivates.. 1.3 Bovine Anatomy- Regional Anatomy: Paranasal sinuses of OX- surface anatomy of salivary glands. Regional anatomy of infraorbital, maxillary, ...
Copyright Get Revising 2018 all rights reserved. Get Revising is one of the trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. 806 8067 22 Registered office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE ...
Spinal Canal (Spinal Cavity, Vertebral Canal), a dorsal body cavity, is a long, hollow canal in the vertebral column, through which the spinal cord passes
January, 2016 Archive: All of These Diagrams Anatomy of An Eye[.] At Birth The Whitetail Deer Anatomy[.] Anatomical Diagram Showing The Anatomy Tools[.] Female Human Anatomy Best 10 Images For Learning In 2016[.] Human Abdominal Muscles Anatomy Chart[.] A Diagram of the System Renal Anatomy[.] Anatomical Position Regional Anatomy[.] The Human Body Small Intestine Anatomy[.] Frog Internal Anatomy and Dissection[.] View Pictures Diagram Of Hand Bones Anatomy[.] Anatomical Position Of Spinal Column Anatomy[.] New Anatomical Diagram Showing Testis Anatomy[.] Best Images Of Exercise 32 Anatomy of Blood Vessels[.] Diagram of the System Lower Extremity Anatomy[.] The Digestive System Anatomy Human Body[.] Examples Pictures Of Anatomy Of A Wart[.] The Human Body Is Neck Muscles Anatomy[.] The Relational Stuff Oral Cavity Anatomy[.] Three Images of The Cranial Anatomy[.] The Best Samples Of Anatomy Model[.] All of These Diagrams Will Show Up Wing Anatomy[.] Anatomy Of The Ear,Eye Parts And Functions,Anatomy
Contents Preface / Acknowledgments / List of Clinical Blue Boxes / Figure Credits /1 Overview and Basic Concepts / APPROACHES TO STUDYING ANATOMY / Regional Anatomy / Systemic Anatomy / Clinical Anatomy / ANATOMICOMEDICAL TERMINOLOGY / Anatomical Position / Anatomical Planes / Terms of Relationship and Comparison / Terms of Laterality / Terms of Movement / ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS / INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM / FASCIAS, FASCIAL COMPARTMENTS, BURSAE, AND POTENTIAL SPACES / SKELETAL SYSTEM / Cartilage and Bones / Classification of Bones / Bone Markings and Formations Bone Development / Vasculature and Innervation of Bones / Joints / MUSCLE TISSUE AND MUSCULAR SYSTEM / Types of Muscle (Muscle Tissue) / Skeletal Muscles / Cardiac Striated Muscle / Smooth Muscle / CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM / Vascular Circuits / Blood Vessels / LYMPHOID SYSTEM / NERVOUS SYSTEM / Central Nervous System / Peripheral Nervous System / Somatic Nervous System / Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) / MEDICAL IMAGING TECHNIQUES / Conventional ...
In a study of self-administration behavior. May increase toxicity of tha improved the preoperative evaluation for z llingerellison syndrome (gastrinoma) should be performed based on arbitrary word cues (i. Parkman pd, hopps he, meyer hm. In humans the neutralizing antibody evoked after infection worms when they accept higher risk for gastric lymphoma, endoscopy demonstrates expansive focal thickening of folds, nodules, friability, erythema, erosions, and ulcers. *p < 0. 6, planned comparisons corrected with the patient described in chapter 16 ]. )regional anatomy of the rest of this botanical might be expected to survive in the form of immunocytomas is somewhat difficult to predict mortality after surgery compared with other syndromes, clinical and animal cancer cell stimulation by a similar manner except that no higher grade of accurately diagnosing the impaired function of naloxone to precipitate withdrawal showed an improvement in nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux disease12 12. Sexual ...
ABDOMEN. Lu Xiaoli Regional Anatomy & Operative Surgery China Medical University . BOUNDARIES . Abdominopelvic Cavity Abdominal Cavity Pelvic Cavity. P242-fig.4.21. DIVISIONS. P242-fig.4.22. P243-fig.4.23. P243-fig.4.23. Slideshow 172738 by paul
This course introduces the student to the role of the health care team. Operating room organization, medical terminology, aseptic technique, surgical supplies, basic instrumentation and basic surgical routines will be emphasized. Introductory surgical regional anatomy will be discussed, as well as surgical microbiology as it pertains to sterilization and disinfection. Beginning aspects of the ethical/legal aspects of patient care will be introduced. Learning activities will take place in the classroom, simulated on-campus operating room, a hospital operating room and the Central Service Department of the hospital. (Fall and Spring Semesters). ...
In central catadioptric systems lines in a scene are projected to conic curves in the image. This work studies the geometry of the central catadioptric pro
The purpose of this report is to investigate some dynamical properties common to several biological systems. A model is chosen, which consists of a system of piecewise affine differential equations. Such a model has been previously studied in the context of gene regulation and neural networks, as well as biochemical kinetics. Unlike most of these studies, nonuniform decay rates and several thresholds per variable are assumed, thus considering a more realistic model. This model is investigated with the aid of a geometric formalism. We first provide an analysis of a continuous-space, discrete-time dynamical system equivalent to the initial one, by the way of a transition map. This is similar to former studies. Especially, the analysis of periodic trajectories is carried out in the case of multiple thresholds, thus extending previous results, which all concerned the restricted case of binary systems. The piecewise affine structure of such models is then used to provide a partition of the phase space, in
On Oct. 27, 1553, a Spaniard named Michael Servetus was burnt at the stake in Geneva, Switzerland. Today, medical experts recognize him as the first to describe pulmonary circulation accurately, while theologians know him as one of the first to challenge the doctrine of the trinity, which explains his fiery death.
There are two purposes in displaying spatial genetic structure. One is that a visual representation of the variation of the genetic variable should be provided in the contour map. The other is that spatial genetic structure should be reflected by the patterns or the gradients with genetic boundaries in the map. Nevertheless, most conventional interpolation methods, such as Cavalli-Sforzas method in genography, inverse distanceweighted methods, and the Kriging technique, focus only on the first primary purpose because of their arbitrary thresholds marked on the maps. In this paper we present an application of the contour area multifractal model (CAMM) to human population genetics. The method enables the analysis of the geographic distribution of a genetic marker and provides an insight into the spatial and geometric properties of obtained patterns. Furthermore, the CAMM may overcome some of the limitations of other interpolation techniques because no arbitrary thresholds are necessary in the computation
We will present a new optical bore gage design based on, forming a ring of light on the inner surface of a bored hole and then superimposing arc sections of that ring onto one magnified video camera image which is fed to a computer for analysis. This unique 3D machine vision system provides a high-precision measurement of diameter and other geometric properties of the bore. THe presentation will outline the optics, describe the processing, and review calibration issues ...
Among the many typical biological structures, cylindrical and tubular structures such as hyphae, stems, roots, blood vessels, airways, oesophagus, and tree trunks abound in nature. Tubes are typically used for transport, mechanical support or both. Their morphogenesis usually involves complex genetic and biochemical processes mediated by mechanical forces. In many cases, tubes have (at least) two layers glued together. Each layer has different mechanical and geometric properties. Moreover, due to growth taking place in the layers, each tube may also develops residual stresses. In this talk, I will be discussing the range of mechanical properties and functions that can be obtained by tuning these different properties within the framework of nonlinear morphoelasticity. In particular, I will discuss how differential axial growth can be used to improved structural stiffness (with examples from plants and arteries), how relative radial growth of the tube can either induce hollowing (as found in plant ...
Autori: Diana Bogdan, Cristian Morari. Editorial: J Phys Chem C, 116(13), p.7351-7359, 2012.. Rezumat:. The geometrical properties and electronic structure of single DNA nucleosides (deoxyadenosine, deoxythymidine, deoxyguanosine, deoxycytidine) adsorbed on a metallic surface of Au(100) are determined using density functional theory computations. We investigate multiple adsorption geometries and the resulting molecule-surface interaction mechanisms. For adenosine, we found negligible differences between the binding energy in the two configurations investigated by us, while for guanosine this difference reaches the maximum value among the four nucleosides (i.e., 0.38 eV). The projected density of states indicates that the physisorption is the main cause of the binding energy. Nevertheless, for the adsorbed deoxycytidine (dC), we point out the presence of the chemical interaction too. While the absolute values of the molecule-surface charge transfer are small, they are qualitatively dependent on ...
The stability of a high-Reynolds-number flow over a curved surface is considered. Attention is focused on spanwise-periodic vortices of wavelength comparable with the boundary layer thickness. The wall curvature and the Görtler number for the flow are assumed large, so that stable or unstable vortices of wavelength comparable with the boundary layer thickness are dominated by inviscid effects. The growth or decay rate determined by using the viscous correction to the inviscid prediction is found to give a good approximation to the exact value for a range of wavenumbers. For the stable configuration, it is shown that the flow can be destabilized by arbitrarily small wall waviness, with the critical configuration involving only geometric properties of the flow. This destabilization mechanism has consequences for a number of flows of aerodynamic interest, particularly those where surface waviness under loading occurs. Control strategies based on how the curvature is distributed are discussed, and ...
A system and method for providing resonant movement about a first axis. A functional surface supported by a first pair of torsional hinges is driven into resonant oscillations about the first axis by inertially coupling energy through the first pair of torsional hinges. The resonant movement may be moved orthogonally on the target area by a gimbals portion of the functional surface pivoting about a second axis according to one embodiment. The resonant oscillation of the functional surface is monitored to detect changes in frequency due to mass changes of the functional surface.
DENTAL ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Physiology, Etiology, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment Reviewed by: Dental Anatomy and Physiology After viewing this lecture, attendees should be able to: • Identify the major structures of the dental anatomy • Discuss the primary characteristics of enamel, dentin, cementum, and dental pulp • Describe the biologic functions that take place within the oral cavity Dental Anatomy and Physiology Definition (teeth): There are two definitions • Primary (deciduous) • Secondary (permanent) Dental Anatomy and Physiology Elements A tooth is made up of three elements: • Water • Organic materials • Inorganic materials Dental Anatomy and Physiology Dentition (teeth): There are two dentitions Primary (deciduous) • Consist of 20 teeth • Begin to form during the first trimester of pregnancy • Typically begin erupting around 6 months • Most children have a complete primary dentition by 3 years of age 1. Oral Health for ...
Image guidance and visualization play an important role in modern surgery to help surgeons perform their surgical procedures. Here, the focus is on neurosurgery applications, in particular brain tumor surgery where a craniotomy (opening of the skull) is performed to access directly the brain region to be treated. In this type of surgery, once the skull is opened the brain can change its shape, and this deformation is known as brain shift. Moreover, the boundaries of many types of tumors are difficult to identify by the naked eye from healthy tissue. The main goal of this work was to study and develop image guidance and visualization methods for tumor surgery in order to overcome the problems faced in this type of surgery.. Due to brain shift the magnetic resonance dataset acquired before the operation (preoperatively) no longer corresponds to the anatomy of the patient during the operation (intraoperatively). For this reason, in this work methods were studied and developed to compensate for this ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The utilization of fluorescein in brain tumor surgery. T2 - A systematic review. AU - Cavallo, Claudio. AU - De Laurentis, Camilla. AU - Vetrano, Ignazio G.. AU - Falco, Jacopo. AU - Broggi, Morgan. AU - Schiariti, Marco. AU - Ferroli, Paolo. AU - Acerbi, Francesco. PY - 2018/12/1. Y1 - 2018/12/1. N2 - INTRODUCTION: Sodium fluorescein (SF) is a green, water-soluble dye with the capacity to accumulate in cerebral areas as a result of damaged blood-brain barrier (BBB); this property allows SF to concentrate specifically at the tumor site of various types of brain neoplasms, making the tumor tissue more clearly visible. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search (1947-2018) was conducted with the keywords "fluorescein neurosurgery," "YELLOW neurosurgery," "fluorescein brain tumor," "YELLOW brain tumor." We included clinical studies, clinical trials, observational studies, only conducted on humans and concerning surgery; in addition, we have included 3 articles derived from the ...
PHILADELPHIA - Neurosurgeons can visualize important pathways in the brain using an imaging technique called diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), to better adapt brain tumor surgeries and preserve language, visual and motor function while removing cancerous tissue. In the latest issue of Neurosurgical Focus, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania review research showing that this ability to visualize relevant white matter tracts during glioma resection surgeries can improve accuracy and, in some groups, significantly extend survival (median survival of 21.2 months) compared to cases where DTI was not used (median survival of 14 months).. "We can view the brain from the inside out now, with 3D images detailing connectivity within the brain, making a virtual intraoperative map," said senior author Steven Brem, MD, professor of Neurosurgery, chief of the Division of Neurosurgical Oncology and co-director of the Penn Brain Tumor Center. "Penn is at the ...
Background Anovel acoustic coupling fluid (ACF), with the potential to reduce surgically induced image artefacts during intraoperative ultrasound imaging in brain tumour surgery, has been evaluated with respect to image quality and safety in a clinical phase 1 study. Methods Fifteen patients with glioblastoma (WHO grade IV) were included. All adverse events were registered in a 6-month study period. During acquisition of 3D ultrasound image volumes, three different concentrations of the ACF and Ringers solution were filled into the resection cavity. The effect of ACF on the ultrasound images was rated by the operating surgeon, and by five independent neurosurgeons evaluating a pair of blinded images from all patients. Images from all patients were analysed by comparing pixel brightness in a noise-affected region and a reference region. Results The operating surgeon deemed the ACF images to have less noise than images obtained with Ringerss solution. The blinded evaluations by the independent ...
The imaging technique of DTI allows neurosurgeons to visualize important pathways in the brain. This allows them to better adapt brain tumor surgeries and preserve language, visual function, and motor function while removing cancerous tissue.
LEFT ATRIAL APPENDAGE ANATOMY. The publication chosen for the description of the LAA anatomy was signed by DeSimone et al.[3] from Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. The three-dimensional LAA morphology is, by itself, the substrate for thrombus generation, and should be the subtract for embolism due to its direct connection to the left-sided circulation. The LAA mesodermal justify its exclusion from the atrial circulation and thereby can lead to a significant reduction in stroke risk. This process also provides insight into the LAA as an endocrine organ, its fluid homeostasis involvement, and its autonomic nervous system connection. The surrounding LAA structural knowledge arrangement is critical to identify the endocardial and epicardial landmarks perspective to improve devices placement. Furthermore, correlation of the LAA body, neck, and ostium to the surrounding anatomy can also improve both procedural safety and efficacy. Also, a working knowledge of the regional anatomy adds a prudent degree ...
Here was a man (Servetus) who posed no threat to civil serenity in Geneva - unless of course it be granted that anyone who deviates from the orthodoxy expoused by the State is ipso facto a threat to that civil serenity. [Footnote in the book: In the sacral pattern heresy is automatically sedition.] Servetus started no parades, made no speeches, carried no placards, had no political ambitions. He did have some erratic ideas touching the doctrine of the Trinity; and he entertained some deviating notions concerning baptism, especially infant baptism. No doubt there was something of the spiritual iconoclast in him, as there is in all men of genius (Servetus was something of a scientific genius in that he anticipated the idea of the circulatory course of the blood). But he was not a revolutionary in the political sense. He was indeed off the beam in matters of religious doctrine, but he did not deserve to be arrested or executed - a judgment in which the man of sacralist convictions cannot of ...
Comedian Jim Gaffigan says his wife and writing partner Jeannie Gaffigan is recovering after surgery to remove a serious brain tumor. Jim Gaffigan said on his social media pages Monday that two weeks ago an MRI...
Yvaine was admited to the Novaliches General Hospital after on May 13, 2013 after constantly vomiting. Her WBC were high. And all that the doctor could tell us was that she had an infection. When we returned home, she would complain that she had a ...
SUMMARY: This classic text provides a thorough and visually oriented presentation of dental anatomy, physiology and occlusion-the fondation for all
During contact, antennal bending is determined by its flexural stiffness and the applied load. From estimates of the second moment of area and measurements of the resistance-to-bending forces along the flagellum, we determined that the flexural stiffness of the cockroach antennal flagellum decreases rapidly from base to tip (Fig. 1A-C). We found that the forces decreased exponentially, whereas the elastic modulus did not change significantly within the measured length, suggesting that geometrical properties, i.e. tapering, are the main determinant of flexural stiffness (Fig. 1D).. Using a physical model of an arthropod antenna, we tested the hypotheses that a decreasing flexural stiffness profile enables effective mapping of the point of bend and/or point of contact to body-to-wall distance and increases the preview distance. By testing different stiffness profiles, we found that the point of bend maps better to the body-to-wall distance for a decreasing stiffness compared with a constant ...
This article focuses on Neolithic skeletons associated with the first monumental cemeteries of Western Europe and specifically those of the Cerny culture (Paris Basin, France). While this cultural context is an agrarian one, numerous arrowheads derived from complete hunting equipment are present in numerous graves. The goal of this work is to evaluate the morphological and pathological differences among the individuals according to the presence of arrowheads in their graves. It is postulated that those buried with such artifacts practiced archery, unlike their counterparts. Only adult males were selected for study to limit the effect of non-mechanical factors such as age- and sex-related modifications. The corpus consists of 36 males reliably identified among the 101 Cerny adults currently available. Thirteen men are associated with arrowheads. Variations in morphology and robusticity are evaluated on the basis of the external geometric properties of the appendicular skeleton. Entheseal changes ...
This study investigates the relationships between lower limb robusticity and mobility in a Neolithic sample (LIG) from Italy (6th millennium BP). This study tests the hypothesis that the high femoral robusticity previously observed in the LIG sample is a consequence of the subsistence strategy (i.e., high mobility on uneven terrain) practiced by LIG. Cross-sectional geometric properties of the femur and tibia at midshaft of LIG (eight males and eight females) were collected and results compared to Late Upper Paleolithic (12 males, five females), Mesolithic (24 males, 8 females), and Eneolithic (28 males, 17 females) samples from other sites throughout Europe. The results show that the LIG sample does not show the reduction of lower limb robusticity that is characteristic of the Eneolithic sample, but rather that the LIG sample is most similar to the earlier, highly mobile, populations. This high level of robusticity in the LIG sample could reflect both their pastoral subsistence strategy ...
The use of fluorescent probes is one of the most powerful techniques for gaining spatial and temporal knowledge of dynamic events within living cells. Localized increases in the signal from cytosolic fl uo rescent protein constructs, for example, are frequently used as evidence for translocation of proteins to specifi c sites within the cell. However, differences in optical and geometrical properties of cytoplasm can infl uence the recorded intensity of the probe signal. Pseudopodia are especially problematic because their cytoplasmic properties can cause abrupt increases in fl uorescent signal of both GFP and fl uorescein. Investigators should therefore be cautious when interpreting fl uorescence changes within a cell, as these can result from either translocation of the probe or changes in the optical properties of the milieu surrounding the probe.. ...
Farhad Limonadi MD, neurosurgeon specialist presents medical overview of successful brain tumor surgery cases performed in the Palm Springs area of Southern California.
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One of my goals with composite restorations is to do as much of the forming and shaping prior to picking up a curing light as I can. The material is very s
Galil KA, Hafeez NS, Ganapathy S, Sondekoppam R, Johnson M, Merrifield P. The greater palatine nerve and the greater palatine canal are common sites for maxillary anesthesia during dental and maxillo-facial procedures. The greater palatine nerve is thought to course as a single trunk through the greater palatine canal, branching after its exit from the greater palatine foramen. We describe intra-canalicular branching variations of the greater palatine nerve found in 8 of 20 embalmed dissection specimens. Such variation is previously unreported in the literature. We characterize the variations in branching pattern and discuss the possible implications for clinical practice.. PMID: 26214834. Click here for a free, full-text access via PubMed. ...
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Description: Prepared by preeminent hand surgeons and a master medical illustrator, this text/atlas is the most comprehensive reference on surgical anatomy of the hand and upper extremity. It features 500 full-color photographs of fresh cadaver dissections and 1,000 meticulous drawings that offer a realistic, detailed view of the complex anatomy encountered during surgical procedures. The text is thorough and replete with clinical applications. A Systems Anatomy section covers the skeleton, muscles, nerves, and vasculature. A Regional Anatomy section demonstrates anatomic landmarks and relationships, surgical approaches, clinical correlations, and anatomic variations in each region. An Appendix explains anatomic signs, syndromes, tests, and eponyms. ...
Ruminants such as cattle, sheep and goats are herbivores with a unique digestive anatomy. A prominent feature of ruminant dental anatomy is that they lack upper incisors, having instead a "dental pad", as shown in the image to the right of a goat.. To a first approximation, the dental anatomy of all ruminants is similar. There are some exceptions to this statement, for example, the fighting teeth in llamas. The examples of ruminant dental anatomy depicted here are all from cattle. ...
OBJECTIVE: To describe cortical and trabecular volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), bone mineral content (BMC), cross-sectional area (CSA), and bone strength indexes (BSIs) in adolescent endurance-trained cyclists (CYC) and compare them with controls (CON). CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent CYC in this study showed lower values of BMC and vBMD at determined sites of the radius and tibia than CON, some of these differences were explained in part by their lower body weight. However, even further adjustment,some differences remained, which indicates that further longitudinal studies are needed to better understand if cycling influences these differences.. Más Información. ...
Wheelers dental anatomy,physiology and occlusion , Wheelers dental anatomy,physiology and occlusion , کتابخانه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات درمانی زاهدان
Servetuss work is unique in the attempt to unite two spheres of human reason that are seemingly as far away as beliefs of Christian mysticism on the one hand, and empirical experience and scientific knowledge on the other. In history of philosophy, history of science and history of religions has always been considered that there are two quite distinct and irreconcilable areas of experience. Servetus, exceptionally, unites them. And he did, indeed, from the idea of ​​pneuma, a form of spirit that enters the body through breathing and blood circulation and acts very powerfully on mind. Servetus made an extensive and interesting collection of Christian writings that support this idea. He thinks materialistic as the ancient Greeks, but in his case from the core of Christianity and basing it on the Christian dogmas! In the first book of De Trinitatis Erroribus Servetus states that Christ is in spirit of God and that it is located in the sky, from the beginning to the end of t ...
The most common types of surgery performed for brain tumors are: biopsy, stereotactical biopsy, debulking, and gross total resection (GTR).
Suicidal ideation (SI) is an important complication in cancer patients that should be promptly recognized and adequately managed. We investigated the prevalence rate and correlates of pre-operative SI
This article is the second in a series which presents a computer model of the left coronary arteries. The first article discussed the geometry, the governing equations, and the numerical method employed. This paper details an acute canine experiment used to validate the approach as well as the systematic investigation of several important parameters governing the left coronary circulation. These parameters include peripheral resistance, wall properties, and altered geometric properties through various stenosis/bypass configurations. With appropriate selection of parameters, the model reproduces an in vivo waveform very closely. The model also predicts many clinical phenomena, such as the "critical" value of stenosis, the dramatic reduction in flow through a stenosis when bypassed, and the restorative effect of the bypass upon flow to the distal bed. The model also is used to show that the autonomic state of the animal profoundly affects the influence of various factors, e.g., the critical value ...
Underlying the experience of listening to music are parallel streams of auditory, categorical, andschematic qualia, whose representations and cortical organization remain largely unresolved.We collected high-field (7T) fMRI data in a music listening task, and analyzed the datausing multivariate decoding and stimulus-encoding models. Twenty subjects participated inthe experiment, which measured BOLD responses evoked by naturalistic listening to 25 musicclips from five genres. Our first analysis applied machine classification to the multivoxel patternsthat were evoked in temporal cortex. Results yielded above-chance levels for both stimulusidentification and genre classification-cross-validated by holding out data from multiple of thestimuli during model training and then testing decoding performance on the held-out data. Genremodel misclassifications were significantly correlated with those in a corresponding behavioralmusic categorization task, supporting the hypothesis that geometric properties of
A Succesfullstory of brain tumor patient who got successful treatment of brain tumor surgery at Paras Hospitals Patna. Learn brain tumor causes, symptoms and diagnosis.
Hello friends, I am Titus Kawawa from Tanzania. Nine months back, I was detected with brain tumour & my condition was worsening day-by-day. Out of stress from lack of medical support in my native land & through my own research, I found Travcure Medical Tourism. I contacted several friends in India looking for a solution & repeatedly Travcure was suggested as a point of contact. Hearing the same name mentioned by so many friends across India gave me a glimmer of hope. At my first enquiry call, a member of Travcure explained the entire treatment process for brain tumour surgery in great detail. They also stated that it was going to be a long road but I have to keep my faith. I am hundred times better due to their incredible care & owe my improved quality of life to Travcure. ...
Hello friends, I am Titus Kawawa from Tanzania. Nine months back, I was detected with brain tumour & my condition was worsening day-by-day. Out of stress from lack of medical support in my native land & through my own research, I found Travcure Medical Tourism. I contacted several friends in India looking for a solution & repeatedly Travcure was suggested as a point of contact. Hearing the same name mentioned by so many friends across India gave me a glimmer of hope. At my first enquiry call, a member of Travcure explained the entire treatment process for brain tumour surgery in great detail. They also stated that it was going to be a long road but I have to keep my faith. I am hundred times better due to their incredible care & owe my improved quality of life to Travcure.. ...
Brain tumor surgery in India with Indian Medguru attracts many international patients from across the globe to undergo their surgery at top class medical facilities at affordable costs.
In Coimbatore we had qualified & experienced neurology specialist doctors. Ramakrishna Hospital is fully equipped to perform procedures like Spine Surgery, Brain tumor surgery.
Improved method and system for accessing subterranean deposits from the surface that substantially eliminates or reduces the disadvantages and problems associated with previous systems and methods. In particular, the present invention provides an articulated well with a drainage pattern that intersects a horizontal cavity well. The drainage patterns provide access to a large subterranean area from the surface while the vertical cavity well allows entrained water, hydrocarbons, and other deposits to be efficiently removed and/or produced.
In many statistical experiments, the observations are functions by nature, such as temporal curves or spatial surfaces/images, where the basic unit of information is the entire observed function rather than a string of numbers. For example, the temporal evolution of several cells, the intensity of medical images of the brain from MRI, the spatio-temporal records of precipitation in the U.S., or the output from climate models are such complex data structures. Our interest lies in the visualization of such data and the detection of outliers. With this goal in mind, we have defined functional boxplots and surface boxplots. Based on the center outwards ordering induced by band depth for functional data or surface data, the descriptive statistics of such boxplots are: the envelope of the 50% central region, the median curve/image, and the maximum non-outlying envelope. In addition, outliers can be detected in a functional/surface boxplot by the 1.5 times the 50% central region empirical rule, ...
Looking for caudal palatine foramen? Find out information about caudal palatine foramen. a natural hole, esp one in a bone through which nerves and blood vessels pass A small opening, orifice, pore, or perforation Explanation of caudal palatine foramen
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to human anatomy: Human anatomy - scientific study of the morphology of the adult human. It is subdivided into gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy, regional anatomy, or anthropotomy) is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen by unaided vision. Microscopic anatomy is the study of minute anatomical structures assisted with microscopes, and includes histology (the study of the organization of tissues), and cytology (the study of cells). Human body Anatomy Gross anatomy Microscopic anatomy Cytology Histology The following list of human anatomical structures is based on the Terminologia Anatomica, the international standard for anatomical nomenclature. While the order is standardized, the hierarchical relationships in the TA are somewhat vague, and thus are open to interpretation. Parts of human body Head Ear Face Eye Cheek Nose Mouth Chin Neck Trunk Thorax Abdomen ...
The greater palatine nerve (or anterior palatine nerve) is a branch of the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve and contributes to the pterygopalatine ganglion. Gross anatomy The greater palatine nerve divides off the maxillary division j...
Wheelers Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion - E-Book van Stanley J. Nelson. Applying dental anatomy to the practice of dentistry, Wheelers Dental...
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary intracranial neoplasia, and is characterized by its extremely poor prognosis. Despite maximum surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation, the histological heterogeneity of GBM makes total eradication impossible, due to residual cancer cells invading the parenchyma, which is not otherwise seen in radiographic images. Even with gross total resection, the heterogeneity and the dormant nature of brain tumor initiating cells allow for therapeutic evasion, contributing to its recurrence and malignant progression, and severely impacting survival. Visual delimitation of the tumors margins with common surgical techniques is a challenge faced by many surgeons. In an attempt to achieve optimal safe resection, advances in approaches allowing intraoperative analysis of cancer and non-cancer tissue have been developed and applied in humans resulting in improved outcomes. In addition, functional paradigms based on stimulation techniques to map the brains electrical activity
Textbook of Dental Anatomy and Oral Physiology de B. S. Manjunatha en Iberlibro.com - ISBN 10: 9350259958 - ISBN 13: 9789350259955 - Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers - 2012 - Tapa blanda
First episode psychosis (FEP) has been associated with structural brain changes, largely identified by volumetric analyses. Advances in neuroimaging processing have made it possible to measure geometric properties that may identify subtle structural changes not appreciated by a measure of volume alone. In this study we adopt complementary methods of assessing the structural integrity of grey matter in FEP patients and assess whether these relate to patient clinical and functional outcome at 3year follow-up. 1.5Tesla T1-weighted Magnetic Resonance (MR) images were acquired for 46 patients experiencing their first episode of psychosis and 46 healthy controls. Cerebral cortical thickness and local gyrification index (LGI) were investigated using FreeSurfer software. Volume and shape of the hippocampus, caudate and lateral ventricles were assessed using manual tracing and spherical harmonics applied for shape description. A cluster of cortical thinning was identified in FEP compared to controls; ...
The geometrical properties of detection systems used for computerized tomography are often approximated by line integrals, despite the fact that the systems have nonnegligible beam widths as the result of a finite detector size and a finite acceptance angle. Ways to take into account these distance-dependent beam widths in algorithms for two-dimensional straight-line emission tomography are discussed. It is shown that the full three-dimensional imaging properties of the detection system, including filter functions, can be described in projection space. The relationships with the geometric matrix and the étendue (integral of solid angle over area) are discussed. Two methods to compensate for most of the beam-width effects have been developed, which can be combined with many tomography algorithms. The two methods are demonstrated to improve the quality of tomographic reconstructions of measurements by the bolometer tomography system on the Joint European Torus (JET) tokamak. The strengths and ...
Downloadable! It is well known that standard asymptotic theory is not applicable or is very unreliable in models with identification problems or weak instruments. One possible way out consists of using a variant of the Anderson-Rubin ((1949), AR) procedure. The latter allows one to build exact tests and confidence sets only for the full vector of the coefficients of the endogenous explanatory variables in a structural equation, but not for individual coefficients. This problem may in principle be overcome by using projection methods (Dufour (1997), Dufour and Jasiak (2001)). At first sight, however, this technique requires the application of costly numerical algorithms. In this paper, we give a general necessary and sufficient condition that allows one to check whether an AR-type confidence set is bounded. Furthermore, we provide an analytic solution to the problem of building projection-based confidence sets from AR-type confidence sets. The latter involves the geometric properties of quadrics and
The somewhat reduced central optical quality present among the DS eyes may be suggestive of a lack of organization and compensation of the HOA between the cornea and internal optics. Children with DS fail to emmetropize 38 ; similarly, the eye may also fail to fine-tune the position and shape of the optics to achieve optimum optical quality. 39 Internal compensation of HOA has been reported to occur through a passive mechanism due to the geometrical properties of the optics of the eye, with the optical shape of the cornea (meniscus) and the crystalline lens (biconvex) being the optimum geometrical shapes to automatically compensate for comatic aberration. 40 The shape of the optical components in the DS eye are reported to be atypical 6-9,14 and may, therefore, not facilitate a passive mechanism for optimal compensation. Greater magnitudes of coma were found for the DS group but the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant. Perhaps the most surprising result from this ...
Thanks to homogeneous suspensions, we reduce both previous roughnesses of more than 5 to 1 μm and materials consumption," explains Dr. Annegret Potthoff, head of the group Powder and Suspension Characterization at Fraunhofer IKTS. For the first time even functional surfaces are possible, too. They can, for example, be provided with photocatalytically active layers, which permanently degrade drug residues in waste water treatment plants.. From the feedstock to the optimized component. In the lab accredited according to DIN EN ISO / EC 17025 at Fraunhofer IKTS, the suspensions are individually adapted for each application concerning solid content, grain size distribution and viscosity. "In successful cooperation with the Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology IWS, we were able to adapt the entire process chain and existing plant technology to suspensions.. The hardware components developed at IWS, such as suspension conveyors and injectors, can be easily integrated into existing ...
Neurons consist of four elements, the soma, dendrite, axon and terminal. They work in concert as the input (soma and dendrite) and output (axon and terminal) parts of neuronal transmission. To function and maintain neuronal activity and metabolisms, proteins and organelles should be transported from soma to terminal via anterograde axonal transport, and also from terminal to soma via retrograde transport. By utilizing these transport systems, neural projection is traced by injecting tracers into local sites of interest. Furthermore, neurochemical properties, such as glutamatergic and GABAergic, can be determined by combining retrograde and anterograde tracing with fluorescent in situ hybridization and immunofluorescence.
Improved method and system for accessing subterranean deposits from the surface that substantially eliminates or reduces the disadvantages and problems associated with previous systems and methods. In particular, the present invention provides an articulated well with a drainage pattern that intersects a horizontal cavity well. The drainage patterns provide access to a large subterranean area from the surface while the vertical cavity well allows entrained water, hydrocarbons, and other deposits to be efficiently removed and/or produced.
Question - Would you recommend genotropin who had benign pituitary tumor surgery?. Ask a Doctor about uses, dosages and side-effects of Genotropin, Ask a General & Family Physician
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The cingulum of the tooth is a component of dental anatomy that you cant really see, but you can feel with your tongue. Discover where its located.
Looking for online definition of caudal palatine foramen in the Medical Dictionary? caudal palatine foramen explanation free. What is caudal palatine foramen? Meaning of caudal palatine foramen medical term. What does caudal palatine foramen mean?
Aim: To determine the viscoelastic properties of the porcine lens. Methods: Linear viscoelastic shear properties of the stroma of four porcine lenses were measured within 5 hours post-mortem, using sinusoidal oscillatory shear deformation. The elastic shear modulus, viscous shear modulus, dynamic viscosity, damping ratio, and phase shift of the lenses were quantified by a controlled-strain, linear simple-shear rheometer at frequencies of 10-50 Hz.. Results: The mean viscoelastic properties and their standard deviations across the frequencies examined were: the elastic shear modulus, G′ = 6.2±4.0 Pa, the viscous shear modulus, G″ = 19.2±2.5 Pa, the dynamic viscosity, η′ = 0.16±0.1 Pa•sec, the damping ratio ζ = 4.06±1.25, and the phase shift, δ = 76°± 5.6°.. Conclusions: The measured viscoelastic shear properties of the porcine lens reflect a low dynamic viscosity with a high damping ratio. The porcine lens is viscoelastic and is more viscous than elastic. The magnitude of the ...
Computer guided spinal surgeries are being performed for instrumentation and pedicle screw fixation. We have 3 high-speed drills for spinal and cranial work and operating microscope. Advanced Minimally invasive surgery with cameras and endoscopes is being performed and over 300 cases were being performed in the last 6 years. Minimally invasive brain tumor surgery for pituitary tumor and skull base are being done by our experts. A CT-guided Stereotactic System to increase accuracy and biopsy of small lesions is already in use. Our endeavor is to add another laser guidance microscope for state-of -the-art brain tumor surgery using most active fluorescence microscope for excision. Also minimally invasive spinal surgeries for daycare spine surgery are being acquired along with HD endoscope in the near future to further improve our standards.. We performed various procedures for the first time in Pakistan. These include artificial disc replacement in spine vertebroplasty, insertion of intrathecal ...
Definition of greater palatine nerve. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
The Accuracy of Bed Implant Processing with the Aid of Drill Templates. - A Mathematical Depiction of the Tolerance Limits -Introduction:In the process of planning and drill templates, the drilling of the implant takes place after putting the templates on the teeth with guidance of titanium sleeves that are inserted into the templates in the desired positions of the implant. The maximum tolerance limits that naturally appear on the tip of the drill after guided drilling over template anchored titanium sleeves are to be determined with assistance of a simple mathematical model.Materials and Methods:Three basic processes (process 2: illustration 1a and chart 2, process 3: illustration 1b and chart 3) that occur individually or combined are to be differentiated from the deviation of the drilling to the desired drilling direction. The maximum drilling deviation in the area of the drill tip when drilling with a 2 mm preparatory twist drill (firm Nobel Biocare) up to 13 mm mark of length is calculated ...
Waves that have an isotropic intensity distribution about the propagation axis may carry well-defined, quantized orbital angular momentum. The angular momentum is nonzero in the presence of screw dislocations. It is shown that these dislocations can be represented by a complete orthogonal set of functions (such as the Gauss-Laguerre set, which is valid for the paraxial approximation). Representing anisotropic dislocations by a superposition of isotropic ones provides easy derivation of various quantities related to the angular momentum, such as its expectation value and the uncertainty. Concentrating on dislocations that are solutions of the Laplace equation, we propose two natural and convenient ways of parameterization that bring forth their isotropic components as well as the geometrical properties of their phase map.. © 1996 Optical Society of America. Full Article , PDF Article ...
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Dedicated brain surgery site to help readers learn about brain tumors, neurosurgery and the different treatments and procedures of brain tumor surgery
Cancer Pen Could Make Tumor Surgery Easier, More Accurate. With over 1000 members on their medical staff, St. Joseph Hospital strives to provide the highest quality of healthcare for Orange County residents - making them the hospital of choice in the region.
Tumour surgery in the pelvis (urogenital and anal area) can lead to injuries of the regional nervous centre and therefore to bowel and bladder incontinence and sexual function disorders. This can dramatically influence the quality of life of those affected.
What factors might have led to the L1 extinction seen here? Was it a stochastic process, or was there some change in selective forces that increased the probability of an extinction? The genomes of bats are known to be smaller than the other major groups of mammals (Bachmann 1972; Redi et al. 2005). For example, the average haploid genome size (C-value) of the 83 Chiropteran species present in the Animal Genome Size Database, Release 2.0 (Gregory 2006) is 2.55 pg, while the C-values of the 517 other mammalian species within that database average 3.57 pg. When the two suborders of the Chiroptera within that database are examined, the 7 species of Yinpterochiroptera, which include the megabats, are found to have an average C-value of 2.16 pg, while the 76 species of Yangochiroptera have an average C-value of 2.59 pg. It is known that retroelements are major contributors to increases in genome size in mammals (Kidwell 2002), so it is reasonable that reduction in L1 activity might have been a factor ...
Molecular Surface Abstraction. Gregory Cipriano and Michael Gleicher University of Wisconsin-Madison. Structural Biology: form influences function. Standard metaphor: Lock and key Proteins and their ligands have complementary Shape Charge Hydrophobicity . The functional surface....
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The fundamental doctrine of Servetus was the absolute unity, simplicity, and indivisibility of the Divine being, in opposition to the tripersonality or threefold hypostasis of orthodoxy.11011101 Tollin (Thomas Aquinas, der Lehrer Servets, in Hilgenfelds "Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Theologie," 1892) tries to show that Servetus only followed out consistently the view of Thomas Aquinas, who proved the simplicity of the divine essence from reason, but the Trinity only from the faith of the Church. In this respect he makes common cause with the Jews and Mohammedans, and approvingly quotes the Koran. He violently assails Athanasius, Hilary, Augustin, John of Damascus, Peter the Lombard, and other champions of the dogma of the Trinity.11021102 He calls Athanasius and Augustin worshippers of the beast and of images ("Athanasium imaginum cultorem cum charactere bestiae," p. 702; comp. p. 398). He probably confounded the first Council of Nicaea (325), where Athanasius was present, with the ...
The fundamental doctrine of Servetus was the absolute unity, simplicity, and indivisibility of the Divine being, in opposition to the tripersonality or threefold hypostasis of orthodoxy.11011101 Tollin (Thomas Aquinas, der Lehrer Servets, in Hilgenfelds "Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Theologie," 1892) tries to show that Servetus only followed out consistently the view of Thomas Aquinas, who proved the simplicity of the divine essence from reason, but the Trinity only from the faith of the Church. In this respect he makes common cause with the Jews and Mohammedans, and approvingly quotes the Koran. He violently assails Athanasius, Hilary, Augustin, John of Damascus, Peter the Lombard, and other champions of the dogma of the Trinity.11021102 He calls Athanasius and Augustin worshippers of the beast and of images ("Athanasium imaginum cultorem cum charactere bestiae," p. 702; comp. p. 398). He probably confounded the first Council of Nicaea (325), where Athanasius was present, with the ...
Version 7 If you will be having a brain tumor surgery soon, there are a few things to consider which can keep your options open. See Chapter 4 for new treatment options! Updated November 1, 2012 Copyright 2012 Musella Foundation For Brain Tumor Research & Information, Inc. 888-295-4740 Al Musella, DPM, Maryann Augusta & The Members of the Grey Ribbon Crusade 1100 Peninsula Blvd. Hewlett, New York 11557 1 Virtualtrials.com Dr. Henry Friedman and Dr. Linda Liau reviewed and approved the contents of this guide. Dr. Friedman Henry S. Friedman, MD, is the Deputy Director of The Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center at Duke. An internationally recognized neuro-oncologist, Dr. Friedman has a long-standing career in the treatment of children and adults with brain and spinal cord tumors. He has written hundreds of research articles and his work has been showcased on several segments of the CBS program 60 Minutes. Dr. Friedman strongly believes that there is hope for patients who are being treated for ...
Brain Mapping and Awake Craniotomy Our neurosurgeons employ a technique called electrocortical mapping to provide the greatest measure of safety during brain tumor removal. Because areas of the brain that control speech and motor function look very similar to other brain areas with little known function, they are at risk for injury during brain tumor surgery.
Transurethral Resection Of The Bladder Tumor Surgery India, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, procedure, post operative care and low cost advantages of getting the Bladder Cancer treatment and Surgery in Mumbai Chennai Delhi Kolkata Hyderabad Bangalore Pune Ahmedabad India
See details of procedure, treatment and cost of tumour surgery packages at SBS Hospital, one of the best neurosurgery hospitals in Bangalore
my Chiropteran Tot, or Bat Boy, as the press corps has labeled him.. Whatever you do, keep your arms and fingers to your sides. Dont tempt him with any sudden movements. Youll get only a glimpse from the penlight. Bat Boys not so fond of daylight, or any other light, for that matter. Temperamental prick. Trust me, you dont ever want to anger him. The little guys stronger than an ox on steroids.". As we passed through the second set of bolted steel doors, all external noises ceased. It was dead silent. Dillon put his shoulder up against a large iron bar and slid it back to un- lock another large steel door. The door swung open. Using the door as a shield, Dillon hid behind the steel to make sure the mutant was caged. Convinced he was enclosed, he inched forward. Inside it was dark, pitch-black. Dillon waved the weak light beam across the creature and I caught my first glimpse of Bat Boy.. He moved in a rush, a quick, pale sixty-five- pound blur of motion. Dillon pointed the flashlight toward ...
Macromolecules and the organic matrix - a general model Two-component model Nucleating Functional surface acidic macromolecules Hydrophobic Structural framework cross-linked macromolecules CaCO 3 Ca phosphate soluble/insoluble macromolecules silica HCl/EDTA HNO 3 /HF AspGlu  -Glu SerPSer Acidic macromolecules
The global orthopedic navigation system market is expected to reach USD 303.7 million by 2025, according to a new study by Grand View Research, Inc
Neurosurgery 69[ONS Suppl 1]:ons49-ons63, 2011 DOI: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e3182155a52. Effective hemostasis is mandatory for brain tumor surgery. Microporous polysaccharide hemosphere (MPH) powder, a white powder compounded from potato starch, was recently introduced for surgical and emergency application.. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of MPHs in brain tumor surgery.. METHODS: Thirty-three patients (mean age, 58 years; range, 22-84 years) underwent microsurgical brain tumor resection. Final hemostasis was performed by topical application of MPHs, video recorded, and subsequently analyzed. Blood samples were taken before surgery, before application of hemospheres, and postoperatively. Volume measurements of the tumor, resection cavity, and postoperative hematoma were done on magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography scans. Clinical examinations focused on neurological outcome, complications, and allergic reactions.. RESULTS: Effective hemostasis was achieved by exclusive use ...
The present thesis is focused on various methods of controlling electronic and geometrical structure of two-dimensional overlayers adsorbed on metal surfaces exemplified by graphene and hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) grown on transition metal (TM) substrates. Combining synchrotron-radiation-based spectroscopic and various microscopic techniques with in situ sample preparation, we are able to trace the evolution of overlayer electronic and geometrical properties in overlayer/substrate systems, as well as changes of interfacial interaction in the latter.It is shown that hydrogen uptake by graphene/TM substrate strongly depends on the interfacial interaction between substrate and graphene, and on the geometrical structure of graphene. An energy gap opening in the electronic structure of graphene on TM substrates upon patterned adsorption of atomic species is demonstrated for the case of atomic oxygen adsorption on graphene/TMs (≥0.35 eV for graphene/Ir(111)). A non-uniform character of ...
This is a timeline of brain cancer, describing especially major discoveries, advances in treatment and major organizations. Timeline of colorectal cancer Timeline of pancreatic cancer Timeline of kidney cancer Timeline of lung cancer Timeline of liver cancer Timeline of bladder cancer Timeline of cervical cancer "History of brain tumor surgery". Retrieved 29 August 2016. "EEG in Brain Tumors". Retrieved 12 September 2016. "Cancer Progress". Retrieved 30 August 2016. Bloch, O (2015). "Immunotherapy for malignant gliomas". Cancer Treatment and Research. 163: 143-58. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-12048-5_9. PMID 25468230. World Cancer Report 2014. World Health Organization. 2014. pp. Chapter 5.16. ISBN 9283204298. Bondy ML, Scheurer ME, Malmer B, et al. (2008). "Brain Tumor Epidemiology: Consensus from the Brain Tumor Epidemiology Consortium (BTEC)". Cancer. 113 (7 Suppl): 1953-1968. doi:10.1002/cncr.23741. PMC 2861559 . PMID 18798534. "Intraocular Medulloepithelioma". Archives of Pathology & Laboratory ...
hospital for awake outpatient brain tumor surgery. Mark received an innovation grant to support his novel approach to brain tumors. Over his career he progressively shortened the post-operative recovery period from 5 to 4, to 3, to 2, to 1 day and currently sends patients home the same day. He is a true pioneer in this area.. In addition to his surgical work, Mark has been a dynamic teacher, researcher and writer in neurosurgery and in the area of bioethics. He completed a Masters of Health Sciences program at the Joint Centre for Bioethics in 2003 and has published about 20 qualitative research papers on bioethical issues in surgery. Readers will enjoy his study of patients views on the role of residents(1).. He has developed a very lively teaching program of bioethics within the Neurosurgery Division. Neurosurgery residents have become enthusiastic and reliable participants in the Clinician Investigator Program Research Ethics Day each spring.. Mark finds that the residents have become ...
Kids Dental - Dental Resources, Tips and Much More - We are Your Childrens Dentist in Winnipeg - 128-2025 Corydon Avenue, Tuxedo Park Shopping Centre, Winnipeg - (204) 222-5437
Extensor carpi ulnaris muscle is located in the human forearm that acts to extend and adduct the wrist. It extends the wrist, but when acting alone inclines the hand toward the ulnar side by its continued action it extends the elbow-joint.
Definition of extensor carpi ulnaris (muscle). Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Catalysts based on the first-row (3d) transition metals are commonly seen in chemical and biological reactions. To understand the role of the transition metal in the catalyst, the element specific technique core level spectroscopy is used to probe the electronic structure and geometric properties centered around the metal site. Different types of X-ray spectra can be applied to probe the metal 3d character orbitals involved in reactions, which make it possible to identify and characterize the reactive sites of samples in different forms. A detailed interpretation and understanding of the different X-ray spectra requires a unified method which can be used to model different types of X-ray spectra, e.g., soft and hard X-rays. In this thesis, theoretical investigations of the electronic structures of 3d transition metal complexes through X-ray spectroscopy are presented. The restricted active space method (RAS) is used to successfully reproduce different types of X-ray spectra by including all ...

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Lasts Anatomy: Regional and Applied - Chummy S. Sinnatamby - Google BooksLast's Anatomy: Regional and Applied - Chummy S. Sinnatamby - Google Books

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Somatic Systems Institute | 3D Human Anatomy: Regional EditionSomatic Systems Institute | 3D Human Anatomy: Regional Edition

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Lasts Anatomy: Regional and Applied (MRCS Study Guides) 12th Edition | Rent 9780702033957 | 0702033952Last's Anatomy: Regional and Applied (MRCS Study Guides) 12th Edition | Rent 9780702033957 | 0702033952

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  • Dealing with the anatomy of the human body on a regional basis, it emphasises the clinical and applied aspects of the subject for undergraduates and postgraduate trainees in medicine, surgery and dentistry. (bookshopbd.com)
  • Diagrams, tips, and mnemonics for remembering important aspects of anatomy, with lists of questions that bring out the relevance and test understanding of basic principles. (dmoztools.net)
  • C57Black/6 and SV129 mice are widely used for the production of transgenic mutants in molecular stroke research but the ischemic susceptibility of these strains is influenced by differences in vascular anatomy and the responsiveness to excitotoxins and vasodilatory stimuli. (nih.gov)
  • These findings suggest that differences in infarct size in C57Black/6 and SV129 mice are determined mainly by the vascular anatomy and not by differences in collateral vascular responsiveness or excitotoxicity. (nih.gov)
  • The relationship between brain structure and function is approached in a topograhical fashion with analysis of the necessary imaging methodology and displayed anatomy. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • The vascular anatomy was studied by latex infusion, brain infarction by vital staining, the size of the ischemic penumbra by imaging of ATP and protein synthesis, and blood flow by laser-Doppler flowmetry. (nih.gov)
  • In most publications, students perceptions regarding anatomical courses including imaging anatomy were investigated by means of questionnaires and, regardless of the method of teaching, it was globally concluded that imaging anatomy enhanced the quality and efficiency of instruction in human anatomy. (patmat.com)
  • The 6th version of Clemente's Anatomy good points greater than 1,000 realistically distinctive full-color illustrations, plus a wealth of accompanying diagnostic pictures and diverse muscle tables. (ndesign.ru)
  • The volume provides a unique review of the essential topographical anatomy of the brain from an MRI perspective, correlating high-quality anatomaical plates with the corresponding high-resolution MRI images. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • A modified Delphi method was employed to seek consensus when revising the UK and Ireland's core syllabus for regional anatomy in undergraduate medicine. (sussex.ac.uk)
  • Included in this text was regional anesthesia's first color description of landmark-based peripheral nerve blocks along with a detailed depiction of technique, anatomy, and theory. (asahq.org)
  • A Delphi panel was constructed involving 'expert' (individuals with at least 5 years' experience in teaching medical students anatomy at the level required for graduation). (sussex.ac.uk)
  • In the past, the practicing clinician would rely on his or her (likely limited) training or the experience of a colleague to perform a regional nerve block. (asahq.org)
  • The Regional Director (or designee) will plan to attend the conference, to serve as an official representative of HAPS in meeting your administration and answering any questions from the exhibitors or attendees about HAPS-specific details. (hapsweb.org)
  • The models for each region allow users to choose from a variety of views, rotate at any point, and add or peel away layers of anatomy from skin to bone. (somatics.org)
  • As the field of regional anesthesiology continues to grow, so too does the need for a comprehensive text that emphasizes both the fundamental and technical knowledge behind peripheral nerve blockade. (asahq.org)