A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
The comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts. (Stedman, 25th ed)
International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
The study of the structures of organisms for applications in art: drawing, painting, sculpture, illustration, etc.
Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, and computed tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED). (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)
The separation and isolation of tissues for surgical purposes, or for the analysis or study of their structures.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
A dead body, usually a human body.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
Prepaid health and hospital insurance plan.
Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.
The anatomical study of specific regions or parts of organisms, emphasizing the relationship between the various structures (e.g. muscles, nerves, skeletal, cardiovascular, etc.).
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The study of the anatomical structures of animals.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The simultaneous or sequential binding of multiple cell surface receptors to different ligands resulting in coordinated stimulation or suppression of signal transduction.
Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.
The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.
The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.
Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.
Veins draining the cerebrum.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A tissue preparation technique that involves the injecting of plastic (acrylates) into blood vessels or other hollow viscera and treating the tissue with a caustic substance. This results in a negative copy or a solid replica of the enclosed space of the tissue that is ready for viewing under a scanning electron microscope.
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The dense rock-like part of temporal bone that contains the INNER EAR. Petrous bone is located at the base of the skull. Sometimes it is combined with the MASTOID PROCESS and called petromastoid part of temporal bone.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Large and highly vacuolated cells possessing many chloroplasts occuring in the interior cross-section of leaves, juxtaposed between the epidermal layers.
Digital image data sets, consisting of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
Protection conferred on a host by inoculation with one strain or component of a microorganism that prevents infection when later challenged with a similar strain. Most commonly the microorganism is a virus.
The educational process of instructing.
The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.
The duct that is connected to the GALLBLADDER and allows the emptying of bile into the COMMON BILE DUCT.
Surgery performed on the external, middle, or internal ear.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
A short vein that collects about two thirds of the venous blood from the MYOCARDIUM and drains into the RIGHT ATRIUM. Coronary sinus, normally located between the LEFT ATRIUM and LEFT VENTRICLE on the posterior surface of the heart, can serve as an anatomical reference for cardiac procedures.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.
Specialized non-fenestrated tightly-joined ENDOTHELIAL CELLS with TIGHT JUNCTIONS that form a transport barrier for certain substances between the cerebral capillaries and the BRAIN tissue.
Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
A spectrum of congenital, inherited, or acquired abnormalities in BLOOD VESSELS that can adversely affect the normal blood flow in ARTERIES or VEINS. Most are congenital defects such as abnormal communications between blood vessels (fistula), shunting of arterial blood directly into veins bypassing the CAPILLARIES (arteriovenous malformations), formation of large dilated blood blood-filled vessels (cavernous angioma), and swollen capillaries (capillary telangiectases). In rare cases, vascular malformations can result from trauma or diseases.
The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.
The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
An infant during the first month after birth.
This structure includes the thin muscular atrial septum between the two HEART ATRIA, and the thick muscular ventricular septum between the two HEART VENTRICLES.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the VENTRICULAR SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two lower chambers of the heart. Classification of ventricular septal defects is based on location of the communication, such as perimembranous, inlet, outlet (infundibular), central muscular, marginal muscular, or apical muscular defect.
A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.
Malformations of CORONARY VESSELS, either arteries or veins. Included are anomalous origins of coronary arteries; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; CORONARY ANEURYSM; MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING; and others.
Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.
The circulation in a portion of the body of one individual of blood supplied from another individual.
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
The adaptive superiority of the heterozygous GENOTYPE with respect to one or more characters in comparison with the corresponding HOMOZYGOTE.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.
A polygonal anastomosis at the base of the brain formed by the internal carotid (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL), proximal parts of the anterior, middle, and posterior cerebral arteries (ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY; MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY; POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), the anterior communicating artery and the posterior communicating arteries.
The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
A front limb of a quadruped. (The Random House College Dictionary, 1980)
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
Veins which drain the liver.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
An ancient civilization, known as early as 2000 B.C. The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great (550-529 B.C.) and for 200 years, from 550 to 331 B.C., the Persians ruled the ancient world from India to Egypt. The territory west of India was called Persis by the Greeks who later called the entire empire Persia. In 331 B.C. the Persian wars against the Greeks ended disastrously under the counterattacks by Alexander the Great. The name Persia in modern times for the modern country was changed to Iran in 1935. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p546 & Asimov, Words on the Map, 1962, p176)
Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Bony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.
A congenital abnormality in which organs in the THORAX and the ABDOMEN are opposite to their normal positions (situs solitus) due to lateral transposition. Normally the STOMACH and SPLEEN are on the left, LIVER on the right, the three-lobed right lung is on the right, and the two-lobed left lung on the left. Situs inversus has a familial pattern and has been associated with a number of genes related to microtubule-associated proteins.
Computed tomography where there is continuous X-ray exposure to the patient while being transported in a spiral or helical pattern through the beam of irradiation. This provides improved three-dimensional contrast and spatial resolution compared to conventional computed tomography, where data is obtained and computed from individual sequential exposures.
The lumbar and sacral plexuses taken together. The fibers of the lumbosacral plexus originate in the lumbar and upper sacral spinal cord (L1 to S3) and innervate the lower extremities.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A congenital cardiovascular malformation in which the AORTA arises entirely from the RIGHT VENTRICLE, and the PULMONARY ARTERY arises from the LEFT VENTRICLE. Consequently, the pulmonary and the systemic circulations are parallel and not sequential, so that the venous return from the peripheral circulation is re-circulated by the right ventricle via aorta to the systemic circulation without being oxygenated in the lungs. This is a potentially lethal form of heart disease in newborns and infants.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The veins and arteries of the HEART.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.
Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
The veins that return the oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.
Soft tissue formed mainly by the pelvic diaphragm, which is composed of the two levator ani and two coccygeus muscles. The pelvic diaphragm lies just below the pelvic aperture (outlet) and separates the pelvic cavity from the PERINEUM. It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
Catheters inserted into various locations within the heart for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.
The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
The first cervical vertebra.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.
The sedge plant family of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The performance of surgical procedures with the aid of a microscope.
Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.
The heart of the fetus of any viviparous animal. It refers to the heart in the postembryonic period and is differentiated from the embryonic heart (HEART/embryology) only on the basis of time.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.
A branch of the celiac artery that distributes to the stomach, pancreas, duodenum, liver, gallbladder, and greater omentum.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.
The study of the similarities and differences in the structures of homologous tissues across various species.
The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.
A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Peculiarities associated with the internal structure, form, topology, or architecture of organisms that distinguishes them from others of the same species or group.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
Plant tissue that carries water up the root and stem. Xylem cell walls derive most of their strength from LIGNIN. The vessels are similar to PHLOEM sieve tubes but lack companion cells and do not have perforated sides and pores.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.

Plaque area increase and vascular remodeling contribute to lumen area change after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of the femoropopliteal artery: an intravascular ultrasound study. (1/356)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the change in lumen area (LA), plaque area (PLA), and vessel area (VA) after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of the femoropopliteal artery. METHODS: This was a prospective study. Twenty patients were studied with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) immediately after PTA and at follow-up examination. Multiple corresponding IVUS cross-sections were analyzed at the segments that were dilated by PTA (ie, treated sites; n = 168), including the most stenotic site (n = 20) and the nondilated segments (ie, reference sites; n = 77). RESULTS: At follow-up examination, both the PLA increase (13%) and the VA decrease (9%) resulted in a significant LA decrease (43%) at the most stenotic sites (P =.001). At the treated sites, the LA decrease (15%) was smaller and was caused by the PLA increase (15%). At the reference sites, the PLA increase (15%) and the VA increase (6%) resulted in a slight LA decrease (3%). An analysis of the IVUS cross-sections that were grouped according to LA change (difference >/=10%) revealed a similar PLA increase in all the groups: the type of vascular remodeling (VA decrease, no change, or increase) determined the LA change. At the treated sites, the LA change and the VA change correlated closely (r = 0.77, P <.001). At the treated sites, significantly more PLA increase was seen in the IVUS cross-sections that showed hard lesion or media rupture (P <.05). No relationship was found between the presence of dissection and the quantitative changes. CONCLUSION: At the most stenotic sites, lumen narrowing was caused by plaque increase and vessel shrinkage. Both the treated sites and the reference sites showed a significant PLA increase: the type of vascular remodeling determined the LA change at follow-up examination. The extent of the PLA increase was significantly larger in the IVUS cross-sections that showed hard lesion or media rupture.  (+info)

Prenatal diagnosis of a lean umbilical cord: a simple marker for the fetus at risk of being small for gestational age at birth. (2/356)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the prenatal diagnosis of a 'lean' umbilical cord in otherwise normal fetuses identifies fetuses at risk of being small for gestational age (SGA) at birth and of having distress in labor. The umbilical cord was defined as lean when its cross-sectional area on ultrasound examination was below the 10th centile for gestational age. METHOD: Pregnant women undergoing routine sonographic examination were included in the study. Inclusion criteria were gestational age greater than 20 weeks, intact membranes, and singleton gestation. The sonographic cross-sectional area of the umbilical cord was measured in a plane adjacent to the insertion into the fetal abdomen. Umbilical artery Doppler waveforms were recorded during fetal apnea and fetal anthropometric parameters were measured. RESULTS: During the study period, 860 patients met the inclusion criteria, of whom 3.6% delivered a SGA infant. The proportion of SGA infants was higher among fetuses who had a lean umbilical cord on ultrasound examination than among those with a normal umbilical cord (11.5% vs. 2.6%, p < 0.05). Fetuses with a lean cord had a risk 4.4-fold higher of being SGA at birth than those with a normal umbilical cord. After 25 weeks of gestation, this risk was 12.4 times higher when the umbilical cord was lean than when it was of normal size. The proportion of fetuses with meconium-stained amniotic fluid at delivery was higher among fetuses with a lean cord than among those with a normal umbilical cord (14.6% vs. 3.1%, p < 0.001). The proportion of infants who had a 5-min Apgar score < 7 was higher among those who had a lean cord than among those with normal umbilical cord (5.2% vs. 1.3%, p < 0.05). Considering only patients admitted in labor with intact membranes and who delivered an appropriate-for-gestational-age infant, the proportion of fetuses who had oligohydramnios at the time of delivery was higher among those who had a lean cord than among those with a normal umbilical cord (17.6% versus 1.3%, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: We conclude that fetuses with a lean umbilical cord have an increased risk of being small for gestational age at birth and of having signs of distress at the time of delivery.  (+info)

Velocity associated characteristics of force production in college weight lifters. (3/356)

OBJECTIVE: To determine velocity specific isokinetic forces and cross sectional areas of reciprocal muscle groups in Olympic weight lifters. METHODS: The cross sectional area of the flexor or extensor muscles of the elbow or knee joint was determined by a B-mode ultrasonic apparatus in 34 college weight lifters and 31 untrained male subjects matched for age. Maximum voluntary force produced in the flexion and extension of the elbow and knee joints was measured on an isokinetic dynamometer at 60, 180, and 300 degrees/s. RESULTS: The average cross sectional area was 31-65% higher, and the force was 19-62% higher in weight lifters than in the untrained subjects. The ratio of force to cross sectional area was the same in both groups. The weight lifters showed a lower velocity associated decline in force than untrained subjects in the elbow and knee flexors but not in the extensors. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that for muscle contractions with velocities between 60 degrees/s and 300 degrees/s the difference in isokinetic force between weight lifters and untrained subjects can be primarily attributed to the difference in the muscle cross sectional area. However, the lower velocity associated decline in force implies that weight lifters may have a higher force per cross sectional area than untrained subjects at velocities above 300 degrees/s.  (+info)

Sonographic incidence of tendon microtears in athletes with chronic Achilles tendinosis. (4/356)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the number and distribution of tendon microtears in asymptomatic controls and athletes with chronic Achilles tendinitis or partial thickness tears using high resolution ultrasound. METHODS: The mean number of microtears in three random tendon cross sections were recorded per tendon third in 19 asymptomatic volunteers, 16 athletes with symptomatic chronic Achilles tendinitis, and eight athletes with partial Achilles tendon rupture. RESULTS: Microtears were most numerous in the middle third section of the Achilles tendon. Some 67% of tendons in the control group had no microtears, and 28% showed a single microtear. Only 18% of the athletes with chronic Achilles tendinitis and none of the athletes with partial tendon rupture were without microtears in the middle third of their Achilles tendon. Of the tendons with chronic tendinitis, 13% had more than three microtears per section which increased to 87% in tendons exhibiting partial rupture. CONCLUSIONS: There appears to be an association between microtear formation and Achilles tendon rupture.  (+info)

Angiographic abnormalities in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: an explanation based on neuropathologic findings. (5/356)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is typically occult at angiography and fails to enhance on MR images. After observing angiographic abnormalities characterized by arteriovenous shunting and pathologic parenchymal blush in patients with AIDS-related PML, often in the absence of contrast enhancement on MR images, we hypothesized that there might be distinct changes in the cerebral microvasculature that account for the reduction in vascular transit time (arteriovenous shunting) in the absence of blood-brain barrier dysfunction. METHODS: The imaging studies and neuropathologic specimens of six patients with biopsy-proved PML were reviewed retrospectively. In all patients contrast-enhanced MR imaging and CT, followed by cerebral angiography, were performed before stereotactically directed biopsy. The angiograms were evaluated for the presence of vascular displacement, pathologic parenchymal blush, arteriovenous shunting, and neovascularity. The CT and MR studies were reviewed for the presence of enhancement of the PML lesions. Biopsy specimens were examined for the presence of necrosis, perivascular inflammation, and neovascularity. RESULTS: All patients had oligodendrocytic intranuclear inclusions diagnostic of PML, together with perivascular inflammation and neovascularity to a varying extent; no other neuropathologic processes were identified. Angiographic abnormalities, characterized by a pathologic parenchymal blush and arteriovenous shunting, were identified in four of the six patients. In only one of these cases, however, was abnormal enhancement identified on cross-sectional imaging studies (MR and CT), and this patient had florid perivascular inflammatory infiltrates histologically. CONCLUSION: The pathologic parenchymal blush and arteriovenous shunting seen angiographically in some patients with PML reflect small-vessel proliferation and perivascular inflammatory changes incited by the presence of the JC virus in infected oligodendrocytes.  (+info)

A surgical pathology system for gross specimen examination. (6/356)

The concepts used in the storage of still digital images obtained during gross specimen examination of tissues and organs in surgical pathology using a digital camera are described. We address the technical aspects related with the implementation of a prototype tool to assist the pathologist during the sampling process as well the logic archive support to store the acquired images. We describe, also, the hypermedia concepts that allow the navigation and the efficient examination of the information contained in the stored images. The advantages, the technological and human limitations, and the effects of using images in the documentation of a case are also discussed.  (+info)

Anatomical information in radiation treatment planning. (7/356)

We report on experience and insights gained from prototyping, for clinical radiation oncologists, a new access tool for the University of Washington Digital Anatomist information resources. This access tool is designed to integrate with a radiation therapy planning (RTP) system in use in a clinical setting. We hypothesize that the needs of practitioners in a clinical setting are different from the needs of students, the original targeted users of the Digital Anatomist system, but that a common knowledge resource can serve both. Our prototype was designed to help define those differences and study the feasibility of a full anatomic reference system that will support both clinical radiation therapy and all the existing educational applications.  (+info)

The Virtual Pelvic Floor, a tele-immersive educational environment. (8/356)

This paper describes the development of the Virtual Pelvic Floor, a new method of teaching the complex anatomy of the pelvic region utilizing virtual reality and advanced networking technology. Virtual reality technology allows improved visualization of three-dimensional structures over conventional media because it supports stereo vision, viewer-centered perspective, large angles of view, and interactivity. Two or more ImmersaDesk systems, drafting table format virtual reality displays, are networked together providing an environment where teacher and students share a high quality three-dimensional anatomical model, and are able to converse, see each other, and to point in three dimensions to indicate areas of interest. This project was realized by the teamwork of surgeons, medical artists and sculptors, computer scientists, and computer visualization experts. It demonstrates the future of virtual reality for surgical education and applications for the Next Generation Internet.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Dynamic changes in the dural Sac cross-sectional area on axial loaded MR imaging. T2 - Is there a difference between degenerative spondylolisthesis and spinal stenosis?. AU - Ozawa, H.. AU - Kanno, Haruo. AU - Koizumi, Y.. AU - Morozumi, N.. AU - Aizawa, T.. AU - Kusakabe, T.. AU - Ishii, Y.. AU - Itoi, E.. PY - 2012/6. Y1 - 2012/6. N2 - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Axial loaded MR imaging, which can simulate the spinal canal of patients in a standing position, demonstrates a significant reduction of the DCSA compared with conventional MR imaging and provides valuable imaging findings in the assessment of the lumbar spinal canal. The purpose of this study was to compare the DCSA on axial loaded MR imaging between patients with DS and SpS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-eight consecutive patients were divided into DS and SpS groups. DCSA on conventional MR imaging and axial loaded MR imaging and changes in the DCSA induced by axial loading were compared between DS and SpS groups. The ...
A horizontal pipe has a cross sectional area of 40.0 cm^2 at the wider portions and 10.0 cm^2 at the constriction. Water is flowing in the pipe, and the discharge from the pipe is 6.00*10^-3 m^3/s(6.00 L/s). Find (a) the flow speeds at the wide and the narrow portions; (b) the pressure difference between those portions; (c) the difference in height between the mercury columns and the U-shaped tube. ...
Techniques and systems for distracting a spinal disc space and supporting adjacent vertebrae are provided. Trial instruments are insertable into the disc space to determine a desired disc space height and to select a corresponding implant. Implants can be also be self-distracting and the implant providing the desired disc space height can be implanted in the spinal disc space.
The sectional area of the splenotomogram scanned parallel to the ribs provides useful information for differential diagnosis and determination of prognosis in liver diseases. To establish a relationship between sectional area and actual spleen volume, 10 spleens obtained at splenectomy or autopsy were studied. A good linear correlation (r = 0.956) was present between the sectional area (S) and the actual spleen volume (V). The spleen volume could be calculated as V = 7.5S - 77.5. Therefore the value of the sectional area obtained from one ultrasonic splenotomogram has practical application as a parameter reflecting the spleen volume in vivo. ...
Pendrin is a Cl-/HCO3- exchanger expressed in the apical regions of renal intercalated cells. Following pendrin gene ablation, blood pressure falls, in part, from reduced renal NaCl absorption. We asked if pendrin is expressed in vascular tissue and if the lower blood pressure observed in pendrin null mice is accompanied by reduced vascular reactivity. Thus, the contractile responses to KCl and phenylephrine (PE) were examined in isometrically mounted thoracic aortas from wild-type and pendrin null mice. Although pendrin expression was not detected in the aorta, pendrin gene ablation changed contractile protein abundance and increased the maximal contractile response to PE when normalized to cross sectional area (CSA). However, the contractile sensitivity to this agent was unchanged. The increase in contractile force/cross sectional area observed in pendrin null mice was due to reduced cross sectional area of the aorta and not from increased contractile force per vessel. The pendrin-dependent ...
Objective: To establish a bedside test with ultrasonography for evaluation of foot muscle atrophy in diabetic patients.. Research Design and Methods: Thickness and cross sectional area of the extensor digitorum brevis muscle (EDB) and of the muscles of the first interstitium (MIL) were determined in 26 diabetic patients and in 26 matched control subjects using ultrasonography. To estimate the validity findings were related to the total volume of all foot muscles determined at magnetic resonance imaging (MRI-FMvol). Furthermore, the relations of ultrasonographic estimates to nerve conduction, sensory perception tresholds and clinical condition were established.. Results: In diabetic patients the ultrasonographic thickness of EDB (U-EDBt) was 6.4 ± 2.1 mm (mean ± SD) vs. 9.0 ± 1.0 mm in controls (p,0.001), thickness of MIL (U-MILt) was 29.6 ± 8.3 mm vs. 40.2 ± 3.6 mm in controls (p,0.001) and the cross sectional area of EDB (U-EDBCSA) was 116 ± 65 mm2 vs. 214 ± 38 mm2 in controls (p,0.001). ...
The extent of luminal narrowing varies with underlying plaque morphology. TCFAs and fibroatheromas have the least luminal narrowing while lesions with acute plaque rupture, haemorrhage, or healed repair sites show the most stenosis. Over 74% of TCFAs have , 75% cross sectional area luminal narrowing (equivalent to , 50% diameter stenosis). Healed and acute plaque ruptures show the greatest luminal narrowing with 46% and 43%, respectively, containing , 75% cross sectional area narrowing. In contrast, only 26% of TCFAs show severe luminal narrowing (fig 3B). In a population where sudden cardiac death is the first manifestation of coronary disease, these morphologic findings strongly suggest that TCFAs are precursors to acute ruptures and healed plaque ruptures are often clinically silent.. TCFAs with ⩽ 50% diameter stenosis may be the ideal candidate lesions one should first attempt to identify and treat as a measure to reduce the incidence of myocardial infarction in high risk patients. If a ...
2016-2-1 Sweep Factor is defined as:-(3) SF = A gas 0.25 e m 0 e x × F gas A cell Where SF denotes the Sweep Factor (min −1), A gas is the total cross sectional area of bubbles per unit volume (m 2 gas/m 3 gas), F gas is the gas volumetric flow rate (m 3 min −1) and A cell is the cross sectional area of flotation cell ...
The present invention relates to a system of modeling a three dimensional target object which is represented by a plurality of cross-sectional images in order to provide a representative corresponding three dimensional model. The invention selects an initial model from a plurality of available initial models. This selection involves identifying an initial model based on physical similarity to the target object and then superimposing an initial model upon the target object, for each of the plurality of cross-sectional images. A determination is then made of an intersection contour of the initial model and a cross-sectional image of the target object and the determined intersection contour is refined in order to more closely delineate the target object. By sub-sampling points which represent the refined determined intersection contour, the invention obtains a sub-sampled contour dataset. The initial model is then adjusted towards the sub-samples contour to obtain a representative three dimensional
Left-hand pages carry a cadaver cross section (in color) and a diagram showing the level of the cut; right-hand pages carry a table of identifications for the cross-section numeric labels for structures, the corresponding computer-tomographic image and a diagram of it, and an explanatory note. The succession of sections is from the top of the cranium, through the neck, thorax, abdomen, pelvis, and the leg, and then down the arm. The cadaveric sections are detailed and finely printed. ...
Medical Book Cross Sectional Anatomy CT & MRI This atlas of cross sectional CT and MRI images is written to give the medical student and trainee radiologist a thorough knowledge of normal anatomy in cross section. The book features clearly labelled images taken in all three planes, accompanied by anatomical diagrams to enhance understanding.
A dilator retractor and the dilators that are used for minimally invasive spinal surgery or other surgery are configured to accommodate the anatomical structure of the patient as by configuring the cross sectional area in an elliptical shape, or by forming a funnel configuration with the wider end at the proximate end. In some embodiments the distal end is contoured to also accommodate the anatomical structure of the patient so that a cylindrically shaped, funnel shaped, ovoid shaped dilator retractor can be sloped or tunneled to accommodate the bone structure of the patient or provide access for implants. The dilator retractor is made with different lengths to accommodate the depth of the cavity formed by the dilators.
From all subjects, the means of the greater and lesser orthogonal diastolic diameters in mm were: MPA, 22.9 ± 2.4 (M) and 21.2 ± 2.1 (F), RPA 16.6 ± 2.8 (M) and 14.7 ± 2.2 (F), and LPA 17.3 ± 2.5 (M) and 15.9 ± 2.0 (F), p , 0.0001 between genders in each case. The diastolic diameters increased with BSA and age, and plots are provided for reference. From measurements of minimum diastolic and maximum systolic cross sectional areas, the % systolic distensions were: MPA 42.7 ± 17.2 (M) and 41.8 ± 15.7 (F), RPA 50.6 ± 16.9 (M) and 48.2 ± 14.5 (F), LPA 35.6 ± 10.1 (M) and 35.2 ± 10.3 (F), and there was a decrease in distension with age (p , 0.0001 for the MPA).. ...
10 Pro Tips to Increased Gains. Increase your workout productivity. 1. Get stronger on basics. If your goal is to build muscle in record time, then you need to get stronger. Physiologically speaking, as a muscle gets stronger (produces more force), the cross sectional area grows larger (i.e., it hypertrophies). Your wo
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During a CT scan, a thin x-ray beam rotates around the patient. Detectors measure the x-rays and a computer creates a cross-sectional image or slice of that part of the body. A three-dimensional image can be created by combining the slices. The images interpreted by a radiologist (a doctor specialized in the reading of x-rays), who will report the results to your doctor. Your doctor will then provide you with this information ...
Individual projections create a cross-sectional image of the object as if it had been perfectly cut in half. The process, which functions much like when a doctor takes a CAT scan of a patients brain to look for abnormalities, renders a highly-detailed perspective that allows for unparalleled diagnostic analysis of the object. Even the most minor of structural flaws can be measured for repair or rendered large for study. Multiple X-ray images can be arrayed to create a single, three-dimensional model for a more in-depth consideration.. This technology allows for new possibilities in non-destructive testing:. ...
Introduction to basic NMR theory. Examples of biochemical data obtained using NMR summarized along with other related experiments. Detailed study of NMR imaging techniques includes discussions of basic cross-sectional image reconstruction, image contrast, flow and real-time imaging, and hardware design considerations. Exposure to laboratory NMR spectroscopic and imaging equipment included.
With CT scanning, several x-ray beams plus a list of electronic x-ray detectors rotate close to you, measuring the quantity of radiation getting absorbed throughout Ones body. Occasionally, the examination desk will transfer in the course of the scan, so that the x-ray beam follows a spiral route. A Exclusive Laptop or computer system procedures this large volume of data to develop two-dimensional cross-sectional images of The body, which happen to be then shown with a keep an eye on ...
Cross-sectional images of the human fingertip acquired in vivo at different A-line rate with HRES-OCT. Image acquired using HRES-OCT with illumination power of 4.8mW at an A-line rate of 60K Hz, i.e., 117 fps. For details, see Yu et al., Opt. Express 23, 26399-26413 (2015). ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of intravenous arginine vasopressin on epicardial coronary artery cross sectional area in a swine resuscitation model. AU - Wenzel, Volker. AU - Kern, Karl B. AU - Hilwig, Ronald W.. AU - Berg, Robert A.. AU - Schwarzacher, Severin. AU - Butman, Samuel M.. AU - Lindner, Karl H.. AU - Ewy, Gordon A.. PY - 2005/2. Y1 - 2005/2. N2 - Although arginine vasopressin (AVP) has been shown to be a promising drug during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), concern has been raised about the potential for AVP-mediated vasoconstriction of the coronary arteries. In a prospective, randomized laboratory investigation employing an established porcine model, the effects of AVP on haemodynamic variables, left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery cross sectional area employing intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and return of spontaneous circulation were studied. During sinus rhythm, the LAD coronary artery cross sectional area was measured by IVUS at baseline, and 90 s and 5 min after AVP ...
A graphical regression between Bankfull cross sectional area and drainage area is typically performed on a log-log plot. Cross-sectional area is measured using techniques discussed earlier, typically at a representative riffle or some average riffle area where Bankfull is readily determined. As would be expected, Bankfull cross-sectional area typically increases with drainage area, but again, deviations exist within and between regions. ...
0059] The unit weight of a wireline cable, for example lbs/ft, may be reduced at lower portions by reducing the unit weight of the strength members at the lower portions of the cable. One skilled in the art will appreciate that the unit weight of the strength members is directly proportional to the density of the strength member material and the cross sectional area of the strength members at a location along the cable. By reducing the total cross sectional area of the strength members at a lower location with respect to an upper location, and assuming a substantially constant material density, the unit weight of the cable will be proportionately lighter at the lower location. The technique of tapering the strength members, described above, is one way to accomplish this reduction. FIG. 13A-C show other embodiments wherein the total cross sectional area of the strength members of the cable may be reduced at lower locations. FIG. 13A shows an upper end of cable 1300 having an inner layer 1302 and ...
During Rutherford cable production the wires are plastically deformed and their initially round shape is distorted. Using X-ray absorption tomography we have determined the 3D shape of an unreacted Nb3Sn 11 T dipole Rutherford cable, and of a reacted and impregnated Nb3Sn cable double stack. State-of-theart image processing was applied to correct for tomographic artefacts caused by the large cable aspect ratio, for the segmentation of the individual wires and subelement bundles inside the wires, and for the calculation of the wire cross sectional area and shape variations. The 11 T dipole cable cross section oscillates by 2% with a frequency of 1.24 mm (1/80 of the transposition pitch length of the 40 wire cable). A comparatively stronger cross sectional area variation is observed in the individual wires at the thin edge of the keystoned cable where the wire aspect ratio is largest ...
The rising popularity of lumbar interbody fusion over the past 2 decades has led to the concomitant evolution of a variety of interbody spacers. This proliferation of interbody spacers includes various combinations of different materials, architectures, and geometries with relatively little evidence basis for efficacy of any individual design. Initially, interbody spacers were designed at a fixed or static height. Expandable interbody spacers, whose height can be increased after insertion, allow for the smaller insertion height, theoretically minimizing some of the complications of PLIF or TLIF such as postoperative neurologic deficits. Additionally, by increasing disc space height, expandable spacers maximize the available interbody space for graft material. These theoretical benefits may be accentuated during MIS procedures due to the relatively limited decompression and disc space exposure. Potential concerns regarding expandable spacers include implant subsidence, mechanical failure, and ...
Blood flow in series increases the resistance; blood flow in parallel decreases the resistance (TPR).. By blocking the umbilical veins you have in respect limited the excess flood flow to the placenta.. This reduces the flow in parallel circulation; thus increases the TPR. (MAP = cardiac out put times TPR). This is because the total cross sectional area is reduced. From this, there is an increased pressure in the fetal circulation.. The baroreceptors located immediately distal to the bifurcation of the common carotid artery would sense a high pressure and increase their afferent signal via CN9.. This Reduces the sympathetics and increases the parasympathetics via CN10 (vagus).. Thus, reducing the heart rate!. ...
Suppose we have a PFR with the reaction B + 3C --, 2D, where B, C, and D are gaseous species. We are going to assume that the shear stress at the wall is very small so that the pressure gradient along the tube is very low, in which case the total pressure P is constant at the inlet pressure throughout the reactor. We are also going to assume that the heat of reaction is zero, so that the temperature throughout the reactor is constant at the inlet temperature T. We are going to assume ideal gas behavior, and that B, C, and D comprise the entire flow stream. Let x be the axial position along the reactor, and let v(x) represent the axial velocity a position x. Let A be the cross sectional area of the tube. Let yB(x), yc(x), and yd(x) represent the mole fractions of the three species, and let Mb, Mc, and Md represent the molecular weights of the three species ...
This paper presents the evaluation of a miniature liquid microflow sensor, directly integrated on a PCB. The sensor operation is based on the convective heat transfer principle. The heating and sensing elements are thin Pt resistors which are in direct electrical contact with the external copper tracks of the printed circuit board. Due to the low thermal conductivity of the substrate material, a high degree of thermal isolation is obtained which improves the operating characteristics of the device. The sensor is able to operate under both the hot-wire and the calorimetric principle. In order to fully exploit the temperature distribution in the flowing liquid, multiple sensing elements are positioned in various distances from the heater. A special housing was developed which allowed implementation of the sensor into tubes of various cross sectional areas. The sensor sensitivity and measurement range as a function of the sensing element distance were quantified. A minimum resolution of 3 μL/min and a
I would do a quick and dirty look at it by taking the load point as the fixed end of a cantilever beam and the force applied at the free end. That will give you the max bending moment and the resultant max bending stress. With only 72 N as your force, you will have plenty of saftey factor if you go with aluminum or steel with a decent cross sectional area. It shouldnt have to be very big. I would assume that dynamic forces will not be an issue here, i.e the speeds are low and the impact forces are negligible ...
A thermal treating apparatus and process providing convection thermal transfer for elevated processing temperatures and chemical treatment. A recirculation plenum for passage of spent treatment fluid from and fresh treatment fluid to a treatment chamber may contain a thermal control source, a chemical control source, and a blower to provide predetermined programmable temperatures and chemical environments to articles in the treatment chamber. Decreasing cross sectional areas along the length of the treatment chamber cause introduction of fresh treatment fluid at different locations along the length of the treatment chamber to achieve desired uniform thermal and chemical treatment of articles along the length of the treatment chamber.
Cross-sectional anatomy of the canine head on CT imaging (brain, face, skull, face, palate, hyoid apparatus, muscles, arteries and veins)
Cross-sectional anatomy of the canine head on CT imaging (brain, face, skull, face, palate, hyoid apparatus, muscles, arteries and veins)
Diagnosis is primarily symptomatic and asymptomatic dog flagyl to severely impaired. The postoperative appear- ance (fig. 5. Use both hands may become short of breath and notice a yellow-gray cast to the trapezius muscle. Creatine phosphokinase leaks out of medication. 6. Use safer sex practices, such as radionucleotide, mag- netic resonance imaging scan demonstrating extensive metastatic disease (a) that did not show any abnormality, then appropriate immediate intervention by health care provider of sudden cardiac death. Major salivary glands a tragal incision (fig. 5. Follow contact precautions may be along anatomic divisions of the disease typically begins with inammation of the. Determine if the child depends on the location (levels) and number of neonates less than 3, scoring continues every 8 minutes or to stop smoking, or use of metformin that prompts caution when shaving around stitches on the. 4. Serial x-rays are taken and the cross-sectional anatomy of the antrum and to minimize ...
Amber has done a great job (I REALLY appreciate what you done with this topic, Amber!!) of laying out what you get for your money when you join a family operated, local, small farm CSA. These benefits, the super fresh food, the highly nutritious food (because a small farm can afford to give food plants all the nutrients they need for real nutrient density but a broad acre farm just cant afford to do it), the soil building, the biodiversity building, the community building, the social and educational outreach and the tremendous beneficial ecological impact of conscious farming just dont happen with big farms, even if they market as CSAs.. Full Circle Farm is to real CSAs what Starbucks has been to small coffee houses. (Oh, God, Robb, I hope you dont chug Starbucks (and think its good coffee (anymore))) 400 acres, cooperative farms, umpteen shares in many states. Oh, come on, this aint what Amber was talking about in her wonderful discussion of CSAs Heres a nice write up by a small family ...
Computed tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan). A diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to produce cross-sectional images (often called slices), both horizontally and vertically, of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general X-rays. ...
Computed tomography, also called CT or CT scan, is a process that uses X-rays and computer technology to make cross-sectional images of the body. A series…
Boyd-Buchanan showed two things Friday night in its District 5-A boys high school basketball game against Arts & Sciences. The Buccaneers know how to blow a big lead, but they also know how to regroup from it.
The same separation results can be obtained by setting the flow rate and sample quantity in proportion to the column sectional area. ...
Looking for farm fresh produce without the hassle of planting your own? Sign up for a CSAs (Community Supported Agriculture) and youll get produce straight from a local NYC farm.
Anatomical structure that has as its parts two or more multi-tissue structures of at least two different types and which through specific morphogenetic processes forms a single distinct structural unit demarcated by bona fide boundaries from other distinct anatomical structures of different types ...
Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Cross-section of the Forearm in minutes with SmartDraw. SmartDraw includes 1000s of professional healthcare and anatomy chart templates that you can modify and make your own.
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Background Content: This case study examined the effects of a single Prolotherapy injection series on the left iliolumbar ligament. The ligament measurements were split between medial and lateral portions of the iliolumbar ligament and we hypothesized that growth would occur increasing the cross sectional area and thus provided added stability to the pelvis and lumbar spine.. Purpose: The purpose of our study was to answer two questions: 1) how do you know that the Prolotherapy injectant actually reaches the ligamentous structure you are attempting to heal; and 2) how long does it take for the ligament to recover?. Study Design: Single case study.. Methods: One subject, 32 year-old female with no history of lower back pain (LBP) participated in our study. Her job tasks as a physical therapist required her to twist turn and bend; putting pressure on her pelvis and ligamentous system. The primary author (A.A.) assessed her pelvic ligaments which lead to using a specified Prolotherapy solution for ...
Has anyone got this configured for silant install along with configuration settings deployed? EDIT: Found a working solution after 8 hours digging, (Download and Install QuickTimeInstaller.exe first from Apple Direct) (Configure QuickTime First & Get QuickTime.qts, QuickTime.qtp, com.apple.QuickTime.plist , QTPlayerSession.xml) (Save above Files into one folder) (Unpack QuickTimeInstaller.exe with 7zip) (Delete all files except AppleApplicationSupport.msi , QuickTime.msi, save these files into the same folder created above) (make a batch file with the one below) QuickTime.cmd (For XP) ====================================================================================== @ECHO OFF TITLE QuickTime Installer msiexec /i AppleApplicationSupport.msi /qn /norestart msiexec /i QuickTime.msi /qn /norestart XCOPY /S /E /I /Y QuickTime.qts %PROGRAMFILES%\QuickTime\QTSystem\ XCOPY /S /E /I /Y QuickTime.qtp %USERPROFILE%\Local Settings\Application Data\Apple Computer\QuickTime\ XCOPY /S /E /I ...
DDD typically begins with small tears in the annulus of the disc (elastic outer ring of collagen fibers) and can lead to a decrease in the water content of the nucleus of the disc (soft gel center). The degenerative cascade of DDD can lead to disc bulging, development of bone spurs (called osteophytes), and loss of disc space height and/or alignment, which can cause nerve impingement. DDD can also lead to degenerative instability, the loss of the ability of the spine under physiologic loads to maintain its pattern of normal movement due to disc degeneration. ...
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The invention provides encircling devices by which anatomical structures, such as blood vessels, fallopian tubes, ureters, vas deferens and outer nerve sheaths are anastomosed. Such an encircling device provides an opening that receives an end of a tubular anatomical structure having a prepared opening, and the tubular structure is anastomosed to a second anatomical structure having a prepared opening by tethering the two structures to the encircling device holding the structures under radial stress in apposition to each other to form a fluid-tight peripheral seal around their openings. Encircling devices are also used to join a tubular anatomical structure to a second anatomical structure having a cavity, e.g., a fallopian tube to a uterus or a uterer to the bladder. The tubular structure is received in the opening of the encircling device and tethered thereto to hold its end open, and then the encircling device is extended through a passageway in the second anatomical structure by means of a trocar,
Up to approximately 205 (dependent on drop-out rate) healthy elderly individuals (at least 65 years old) are recruited as subjects.. Upon inclusion, each individual will be randomized into one of the five groups stratified according to gender (M/F) and 30s chair stand (,16 OR ≥16). The five groups are: Heavy Resistance Training (N=30-35), Light Intensity Training (N=30-35), Protein Whey (N=40-50), Protein Collagen (N=40-50) and Carbohydrate (N=30-35). The individuals randomized into one of the supplementation groups (Protein Whey, Protein Collagen or Carbohydrate) will be blinded to the supplement content.. Assessments will be performed at Baseline (before intervention start), and after 6 and 12 months of intervention and again at 18 months (after 6 months of follow up).. The primary outcome is change in quadriceps muscle cross sectional area from Baseline to 12 months of intervention.. The primary hypothesis is that by applying the intension-to-treat analysis, the Light Intensity Training ...
Oct 10 MRI shows increased sciatic nerve cross sectional area in inherited and inflammatory neuropathies. C D J Sinclair, M A Miranda, P Cowley, J M Morrow, I Davagnanam, H Mehta, M G Hanna, M Koltzenburg, M M Reilly, T A Yousry, J S ThorntonJ Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry jnnp.2010.211334Published Online First: 22 October ...
A method and a device for virtual endoscopy in a hollow tract is disclosed in which at least one volume record of the hollow tract, recorded by tomographic imaging, is provided from which a virtual fl
vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]On the other hand, we denounce with righteous indignation and dislike men who are so beguiled and demoralized by the charms of pleasure of the moment, so blinded by desire, that they cannot foresee the pain and trouble that are bound to ensue; and equal blame belongs to those who fail in their duty through weakness of will, which is the same as saying through shrinking from toil and pain. These cases are perfectly simple and easy to distinguish. In a free hour, when our power of choice is untrammelled and when nothing prevents our being able to do what we like best. They cannot foresee the pain and trouble that are bound to ensue and equal blame belongs.[/vc_column_text][vc_empty_space height=15px ...
Industry Watch Version 2.5 of Apples Quicktime multimedia architecture will support the increasingly popular Motion-JPEG video CODEC. This will allow
Looking for Cross-sectional area? Find out information about Cross-sectional area. The area of a section cut transversely to the longitudinal axis of a member. In masonry units, the gross cross-sectional area of a section minus the average... Explanation of Cross-sectional area
Computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is a noninvasive diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of x-rays and computer technology to produce cross-sectional images (often called slices), both horizontally and vertically, of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays.. In standard x-rays, a beam of energy is aimed at the body part being studied. A plate behind the body part captures the variations of the energy beam after it passes through skin, bone, muscle, and other tissue. While much information can be obtained from a standard x-ray, a lot of detail about internal organs and other structures is not available.. In computed tomography, the x-ray beam moves in a circle around the body. This allows many different views of the same organ or structure. The x-ray information is sent to a computer that interprets the x-ray data and displays it in a two-dimensional (2D) ...
The CT (Computed Tomography) scan or the CAT (Computer-Aided Tomography) scan is a diagnostic procedure that takes a detailed cross-sectional x-ray picture of a slice of the body.. To get a CT scan, the patient lies very still on a table, which is slowly moved horizontally while the x-ray machine rotates around the patient and takes pictures from many angles. A computer then combines the pictures into a very detailed cross-sectional image. The length of the procedure depends on the areas to be x-rayed. For the chest area, the procedure takes about 20 seconds.. CT scans can show the shape, size and the exact location of organs and tissues in any slice of the body more clearly than other diagnostic tools. This technique can help find enlarged lymph nodes, which might contain cancer that has spread from the lung. CT scans are more sensitive than routine chest x-rays in finding early lung cancers. CT scans are also used in detecting masses in the liver, adrenal glands, brain and other internal ...
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create cross-sectional images of your head and body. Your doctor uses these detailed, clear images to identify and diagnose many conditions. It is particularly helpful in providing details about soft tissues, including the spinal cord, nerves and the discs between the bones of the spine.
Computerized Tomography (CT Scan or CT) combines a series of x-ray views taken from many different angles and computer processing to create cross-sectional images of the bones and soft tissues inside your body. A CT scanner is a tube (shaped like a donut) surrounded by a giant magnet. The patient is placed on a moveable bed that is inserted into the magnet. Occasionally, patients require injections of liquid intravenously to enhance the images of the study. CT Scanning time depends on the exact area of the body being studied, but ranges from 5 to 30 minutes.. ...
MODEL RELEASED. CT scanning. Doctors examining the results of a computed tomography (CT) scan of a patients chest and head (seen on screen). The patient (upper right) has been passed through the hole in the scanner. CT scanning uses X-rays to produce cross-sectional images of the scanned area, compiled by computer. This allows doctors to view internal body structures and diagnose medical conditions. In this case, the larynx was being examined. Photographed at the Fondation Rothschild, Paris, France. - Stock Image C002/1287
QuickTime Components is now a project hosted on xiph.org. You have to write a Quicktime Plugin for the Ogg container and the Xiph Codec Family. qtcomponents provides support for Ogg Vorbis and MNG. This could be used as start. Xiph Quicktime Plugin has to support encoding/decoding for: ...
Does anyone know what anatomical structure does the Thoracic Aorta become the ABD aorta? Also @ what structure does the common iliac become the Fem-po
tensile test done on utm tensile testing machine. Lets now look at another figure. In this figure, the gauge length (L 0) is the length over which the elongation of the specimen is measured.The minimum parallel length (L c) is the minimum length over which the specimen must maintain a constant cross- sectional area before the test load is applied.. The lengths L. ...
If you are going to Vectorize a binary raster image it is suggest that you use Enhance Binary prior to using the Vectorize tool to enhance the binary raster image and improve Vectorization. ...
I have been using Quicktime 7 to crop these but its super old and surely cant be the only way. iMovie is too heavy and also I have to convert .mov to even use it. Is there something simpler? I have been idly looking at Videopad and FFWorks but Im not sure about if that is overkill. I really just need to trim these files and keep them for reference. What should I be looking at - I dont mind paying if it isnt a $ ...
Class Price & DiscountsPlease contact sponsor for pricing. Class Preparation Preparation for LCFS-FMWe have provided a list of terms below you need to study before attending this course.Be sure you are familiar with the following pathologies / anatomical structures / physiological terms:
The LEADTOOLS Document Compare library provides programming tools for text based comparisons between string, DocumentPageText , and LEADDocument objec
1977). Cross-Sectional Anatomy: An Atlas for Computerized Tomography. Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 978-0- ...
Hinshaw WS, Andrew ER, Bottomley PA, Holland GN, Moore WS (April 1978). "Display of cross sectional anatomy by nuclear magnetic ... Raymond Andrew's research group had published small novel cross sectional images of fruit and also a human wrist in the ... Beck, Felix (2008). "Professor Rex Ernest Coupland 1923-2008". Journal of Anatomy. 213 (6): 631-632. doi:10.1111/j.1469- ...
The surgeon must be thoroughly familiar with the cross-sectional anatomy before operating. 2. Overdistraction - If there is no ...
... s have core knowledge in ultrasound physics, cross-sectional anatomy, physiology, and pathology. Sonographer is the ... videos or three-dimensional volumes of anatomy and diagnostic data. The requirements for clinical practice vary greatly by ...
This data consists of a series of cross sectional images of the human anatomy. In these images different tissues show up as ... Reproduction accuracy". Surgical & Radiologic Anatomy. 19 (3): 193-9. Winder, RJ; Bibb, R (2009). "A Review of the Issues ... parts in a layer by layer fashion using photochemical processes by which light causes chemical monomers and oligomers to cross- ...
American Head and Neck Society The Anatomy Wiz. An Interactive Cross-Sectional Anatomy Atlas. ... "Surface Anatomy - Advanced Anatomy 2nd. Ed". pressbooks.bccampus.ca. Retrieved 2019-09-26. Genebra, Caio Vitor Dos Santos; ... In anatomy, the neck is also called by its Latin names, cervix or collum, although when used alone, in context, the word cervix ... "Neck anatomy". Kenhub. Retrieved 2019-09-26. Galis, Frietson (1999). "Why do almost all mammals have seven cervical vertebrae? ...
Wijetunga AR, Tsang VH, Giuffre B (March 2019). "The utility of cross-sectional imaging in the management of suspected scaphoid ... 1. The Carpus". Anatomy of the Human Body. 4 - via Bartleby.com. Drake RL, Vogl W, Mitchell AW (2005). Gray's anatomy for ... or cross-sectional imaging via MRI or CT scan. A condition called scapholunate instability can occur when the scapholunate ... Cross section of wrist (thumb on left). Scaphoid (labelled as "Navicular") shown in red. Wrist joint. Deep dissection. ...
... recording protocols for entheseal changes in regards to expressing activity patterns using archival data and cross-sectional ... Lane, W. Arbuthnot (1888-07-01). "Anatomy and Physiology of the Shoemaker". Journal of Anatomy and Physiology. 22 (Pt 4): 592.1 ... Differences in male and female skeletal anatomy are used by bioarchaeologists to determine the biological sex of human ...
March 1992). "Quantitative cerebral anatomy of the aging human brain: a cross-sectional study using magnetic resonance imaging ...
... the use of ether anaesthesia into Russia and made important contributions to the study of cross-sectional human anatomy. With ...
Sahinis C, Kellis E, Ellinoudis A, Dafkou K (2020) In Vivo Assessment of the Tensor Vastus Intermedius Cross-sectional Area ... Journal of Anatomy. 168: 235-239. ISSN 0021-8782. PMC 1256904. PMID 2323995. Golland, JA; Mahon, M; Willan, PL (1986). " ... these studies have suggested that the tensor of vastus intermedius has a small cross-sectional area compared to other ... and inter-muscular differences in the cross-sectional area of the quadriceps muscles assessed by extended field-of-view ...
Saladin, Kenneth S. Anatomy & Physiology: the Unity of Form and Function. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2007. ... Diagram of the alveoli with both cross-section and external view.. Details. ... Saladin, K (2011). Human anatomy (3rd ed.). McGraw-Hill. pp. 640-641. ISBN 9780071222075. .. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{ ...
From Radiography to Cross-Sectional Imaging Techniques". Radiology Research and Practice. 2016: 1-15. doi:10.1155/2016/6369237 ... Anatomy photo:43:os-0407 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The Female Pelvis: Articulated bones of pelvis" Anatomy portal ... Acetabulum This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 237 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) Field ... Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Anatomy photo:17:01-0501 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Major Joints of the ...
The Visible Human Project is an effort to create a detailed data set of cross-sectional photographs of the human body, in order ... J. Venuti, C. Imielinska, P. Molholt: "New Views of Male Pelvic Anatomy: Role of Computer Generated 3D Images" Clinical Anatomy ... It is used as a tool for the progression of medical findings, in which these findings link anatomy to its audiences. A male and ... By studying the data set, researchers at Columbia University found several errors in anatomy textbooks, related to the shape of ...
Examples of subspeciality training in radiology include abdominal imaging, thoracic imaging, cross-sectional/ultrasound, MRI, ... This comprises a medical physics and anatomy examination. Following completion of their part 1 exam, they are then required to ... producing a computer-generated cross-sectional image (tomogram). CT is acquired in the axial plane, with coronal and sagittal ... Radiocontrast agents are usually administered by swallowing or injecting into the body of the patient to delineate anatomy and ...
... a cross-sectional cadaver study". The Journal of Sexual Medicine. 10 (9): 2211-2218. doi:10.1111/jsm.12230. ISSN 1743-6109. ... Peter Scardino's Prostate Book, Avery, 2005 Blue Torch [1] December 2007 Gray's Anatomy, 1918 edition. ...
... oval or irregular cross-sectional shape) and lateral parts (fins, anastomoses and accessory canals). In fact, this lateral ... Root canal anatomy consists of the pulp chamber and root canals. Both contain the dental pulp. The smaller branches, referred ... Root canals presenting an oval cross-section are found in 50-70% of root canals. In addition, canals with a "tear-shaped" cross ... When rotary nickel titanium (NiTi) files are used in canals with flat-oval or tear-shaped cross sections, a circular bore is ...
MeSH G01.100.091 - anatomy, artistic MeSH G01.100.154 - anatomy, comparative MeSH G01.100.185 - anatomy, cross-sectional MeSH ... G01.100.185.900 - visible human project MeSH G01.100.216 - anatomy, regional MeSH G01.100.279 - anatomy, veterinary MeSH ...
Cross sectional cut of vocalis muscle This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 1083 of the 20th edition of ... Gray's Anatomy (1918) Frank H. Netter, MD "Atlas of Human anatomy", 7th Edition, 2019, Plate 91, superior view Anatomy photo:32 ... st-0605 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center Atlas image: rsa4p5 at the University of Michigan Health System Anatomy portal. ...
... and attention to the cross-sectional anatomy. Another noticeable feature of his illustrations was the aerial perspective that ... ISBN 0-387-97563-2. Brödel, Max (1946). Three Unpublished Drawings of the Anatomy of the Human Ear. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders ... Charles Bardeen as part of the Hopkins Anatomy Department in 1900. The pair realized their similar musical and artistic ... showed the anatomy as seen through a surgeon's eyes. Some of his early illustrations were also for physicians Spalteholz, His ...
From Radiography to Cross-Sectional Imaging Techniques". Radiology Research and Practice. 2016: 1-15. doi:10.1155/2016/6369237 ... Thieme Atlas of Anatomy (2006), p 381 Faller (2004), pp 174-175 Thieme Atlas of Anatomy (2006), p 365 Thieme Atlas of Anatomy ( ... Updated: Apr 2, 2012 Thieme Atlas of Anatomy (2006), pp 383, 440 Clemente (2006), p 227 Thieme Atlas of Anatomy (2006), p 386 ... ISBN 3-13-533305-1. Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Thieme. 2006. ISBN 978-1-58890-419-5. ...
Each spine varies in cross-sectional shape from its base to its tip in what is known as "dimetrodont" differentiation.[20] Near ... Huttenlocker, A.K.; Rega, E.; Sumida, S.S. (2010). "Comparative anatomy and osteohistology of hyperelongate neural spines in ... Layered lamellar bone makes up most of the neural spine's cross-sectional area, and contains lines of arrested growth that can ... The figure-eight shape is thought to reinforce the spine, preventing bending and fractures.[21] A cross section of the spine of ...
The cross sectional area of a Remak bundle is proportional to the number of axons found inside it.[3] Remak bundles in the ... Structure and anatomy[edit]. Location[edit]. C fibers are one class of nerve fiber found in the nerves of the somatic sensory ...
Muscle volume is determined by the cross-sectional area. Anatomical cross-sectional area is C S A = V l {\displaystyle CSA={\ ... Fiber length is also a key variable in muscle anatomy. Fiber length is the product of both the number of sarcomeres in series ... the anatomical cross-sectional area cannot be used as in parallel fibered muscles. Instead, the physiological cross-sectional ... The force produced by a given muscle is proportional to the cross-sectional area, or the number of parallel sarcomeres present ...
CHEN, M; LANDER, T; MURPHY, C (May 2006). "Nasal health in Down syndrome: A cross-sectional study". Otolaryngology - Head and ... The amygdala (in olfaction) processes pheromone, allomone, and kairomone (same-species, cross-species, and cross-species where ...
Fundakowski, C. E.; Anderson, J.; Angeli, S. (2012). "Cross-Sectional Vestibular Nerve Analysis in Vestibular Neuritis". Annals ... Illustration at dizziness-and-balance.com Anatomy portal. ... Vestibular System Anatomy at eMedicine Osler, Callum J.; ... of otolith organs This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 906 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918 ...
... that its cross-sectional area is larger in women than in men. Also, a study by Lasco et al. (2002) said: We examined the cross- ... 2002 May 17;936(1-2):95-8. Overview at University of Cambridge "Anatomy diagram: 13048.000-3". Roche Lexicon - illustrated ... NIF Search - Anterior Commissure via the Neuroscience Information Framework Anatomy portal. ... sectional area of the AC in postmortem material from 120 individuals, and found no variation in the size of the AC with age, ...
Sickle scalers tend to have a stronger tip that is less likely to break off during use due to the triangular cross sectional ... for subgingival scaling and root planing due to the design of the instrument that allows for best adaptation to root anatomy. ... The working end has a rounded back and a rounded toe with a semicircular cross section. This design allows the instrument to be ... Similar to the universal curette, the Gracey curette features a rounded back and toe with a semicircular cross section, which ...
... programs for creation and visualization of three-dimensional digital models of the human body derived from cross-sectional ... Khan, S. A. (1998). "Voxel-Man Junior Interactive 3D Anatomy and Radiology in Virtual Reality Scenes, Part I: Brain and Skull ... VOXEL-MAN Interactive 3D-Atlases of Anatomy and Radiology (free download) VOXEL-MAN Surgery Simulators and Virtual Body Models ... The 3D interactive atlases of anatomy and radiology for brain/skull (published 1998) and inner organs (published 2000) are ...
Gray's Anatomy for Students, 2nd edition *↑ 4.0 4.1 The Pelvis University College Cork Archived from the original on 2008-02-27 ... Schematic diagram of uterine arterial vasculature seen as a cross-section through the myometrium and endometrium. ... Sectional plan of the gravid uterus in the third and fourth month. ...
Cross-sectional imaging (CT or MRI) *Plain films are generally sufficient in making a joint dislocation diagnosis. However, ... or distal anatomy) may be compromised. This is especially true in the case of a dislocated ankle, due to the anatomy of the ... cross-sectional imaging can subsequently be used to better define and evaluate abnormalities that may be missed or not clearly ...
... a cross-sectional evaluation using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills". Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 48 (9 ... bony procedures aim at prevention of hip dislocation in the early phases or aim at hip containment and restoration of anatomy ... Although such cross-over benefit might happen, not enough high-quality studies have been done to demonstrate it.[93] ...
A = cross sectional area of valve. L = axial length of valve. Λ(t) = single degree of freedom; when. Λ. 2. (. t. ). =. A. (. L ... This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) ... Anatomy photo:20:29-0104 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Heart: The Aortic Valve and Aortic Sinuses" ... Mitral Valve Repair at The Mount Sinai Hospital - "Mitral Valve Anatomy". *3D, animated, rotatable heart valves (Rich media ...
The cross-sectional area of a muscle (rather than volume or length) determines the amount of force it can generate by defining ... Anatomy. The anatomy of muscles includes gross anatomy, which comprises all the muscles of an organism, and microanatomy, which ... Because muscle strength is determined by cross-sectional area, a shorter muscle will be stronger "pound for pound" (i.e., by ... cross sectional area, available crossbridging, responses to training), neurological strength (how strong or weak is the signal ...
Bipennate muscle is stronger than both unipennate muscle and fusiform muscle, due to a larger physiological cross-sectional ... This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) ... Martini, Frederic; William C. Ober; Claire W. Garrison; Kathleen Welch; Ralph T. Hutchings (2001). Fundamentals of Anatomy and ... Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) ...
The quadriceps tendon has approximately 20% greater collagen per cross-sectional area than the patellar tendon, and a greater ... Anatomy and Gender Disparity of ACL injuries Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ...
Diener and colleagues point to longitudinal and cross-sectional research to argue that happiness set point can change, and ... Augustine, cited in Robert Burton's 1621 Anatomy of Melancholy: "A true saying it is, Desire hath no rest, is infinite in ... Research on happiness has spanned decades and crossed cultures in order to test the true limits of our hedonic set point. ...
This non-invasive technique allows one to obtain a 3D volumetric or high resolution cross-sectional tomogram of the fine ... Remington, Lee Ann (2012). Clinical anatomy and physiology of the visual system (3rd ed.). St. Louis: Elsevier/Butterworth- ... The axons from the nasal half cross the brain at the optic chiasma to join with axons from the temporal half of the other eye ... "Simple Anatomy of the Retina". Webvision. PMID 21413391. Retrieved 1 January 2018.. ...
... small cross-sectional area of atrioventricular valves, stiff valves, slow left ventricular relaxation time, right tricuspid ... Riegal, Ronald; Susan Hakola (14 June 2004). The Illustrated Atlas of Clinical Equine Anatomy and Common Disorders of the Horse ... Riegal, Ronald; Susan Hakola (14 June 2004). The Illustrated Atlas of Clinical Equine Anatomy and Common Disorders of the Horse ...
2010). "Optimising Breast Support in Female Patients Through Correct Bra Fit: A Cross-Sectional Study". Journal of Science and ... Bras are designed for an ideal body, but women's anatomy vary widely. Ten percent of women's breasts are asymmetrical, with the ... The shoulder straps of some sports bras cross over at the back to take the pressure off the shoulders when arms are raised. ... two stitched white cantilevered cones which bore no resemblance to the female anatomy. The willingly suffered discomfort of the ...
Vasoconstriction is the constriction of blood vessels (narrowing, becoming smaller in cross-sectional area) by contracting the ... a b c Anatomy Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function, Saladin, McGraw Hill, 2012 ...
Its cross-sectional images are used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in various medical disciplines.[4] The rest of this ... For more complex anatomies and procedures, such as heart valve interventions, a true 3D reconstruction or a 3D print is created ... Once a vessel has been "straightened" in this way, quantitative measurements of length and cross sectional area can be made, so ... which produces a series of cross-sectional images. Pixels in an image obtained by CT scanning are displayed in terms of ...
Another example: Force is dependent on the cross-sectional area of muscle (CSA), which is L2. If comparing force to a length, ... Allometry is the study of the relationship of body size to shape,[1] anatomy, physiology and finally behaviour,[2] first ... but the strength of its bones and muscles is dependent upon their cross-sectional area, which has only increased fourfold. ...
... a cross-sectional study". The Lancet. 361 (9365): 1252-1257. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(03)12980-7. PMID 12699952.. ... genital anatomies has not been borne out, and that medically credible pathways other than surgery do not yet exist.[19] ... a cross-sectional study". Lancet. 361 (9365): 1252-7. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(03)12980-7. PMID 12699952.. ... depending on the initial anatomy. If a normal internal uterus, cervix and upper vagina (the Müllerian derivatives) exist, and ...
Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Thieme. 2006. pp. 248-249. ISBN 1-58890-419-9. .. ... Flexing the wrist causes the flexor retinaculum to move closer to the radius which considerably decreases the cross section of ... section of the tunnel is located a centimetre beyond the mid-line of the distal row of carpal bones where the sectional area is ... Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Thieme. 2006. p. 354. ISBN 1-58890-419-9. .. ...
B-scan ultrasonography, or B-scan, which is a B-mode scan that produces a cross-sectional view of the eye and the orbit. It is ... It images the immediate perianal anatomy and is able to detect occult defects such as tearing of the anal sphincter. ... Using B-mode imaging, assessment of renal anatomy is easily performed, and US is often used as image guidance for renal ... The commonest is a B-mode image (Brightness), which displays the acoustic impedance of a two-dimensional cross-section of ...
Baltes, P.; Reinert, G. (1969). "Cohort effects in cognitive development in children as revealed by cross sectional sequences ... The concept has been revived by the University of Western Ontario to teach anatomy to medical students.[36] ... "Learning surgically oriented anatomy in a student-run extracurricular club: an education through recreation initiative". Anat ...
... a cross-sectional analysis". European Journal of Nutrition. 57: 191-198. doi:10.1007/s00394-016-1308-8. PMC 5513780 . PMID ... Hoehn K, Marieb EN (2008). Anatomy & Physiology (3rd ed.). San Francisco, Calif.: Pearson/Benjamin Cummings. ISBN 978-0-8053- ...
A = cross sectional area (cm2). Turbulence[edit]. Blood flow is also affected by the smoothness of the vessels, resulting in ... Tortora, Gerard J.; Derrickson, Bryan (2012). "The Cardiovascular System: The Blood". Principles of Anatomy & Physiology (13th ... This value is inversely related to the total cross-sectional area of the blood vessel and also differs per cross-section, ... The more bifurcations, the higher the total cross-sectional area, therefore the pressure across the surface drops. This is why[ ...
... but the frog axon has a roughly 30-fold smaller diameter and 1000-fold smaller cross-sectional area. Also, since the ionic ... Anatomy of a neuronEdit. Structure of a typical neuron Neuron Dendrite ... The few ions that do cross are pumped out again by the continuous action of the sodium-potassium pump, which, with other ion ... Comparison of action potentials (APs) from a representative cross-section of animals[58]. Animal. Cell type. Resting potential ...
As a result, the increase in the thickness of the extension of the myelin sheath in its cross-sectional diameter is easily ... Anatomy photo: nervous/pns/nerve2/nerve5 - Comparative Organology at University of California, Davis - "PNS, nerve (LM, Medium ... He was the chairman of General Anatomy at the Collège de France in 1875. ...
"Sleep problems outperform depression and hopelessness as cross-sectional and longitudinal predictors of suicidal ideation and ... Gutman Y, Berenbaum M (1998). Anatomy of the Auschwitz death camp (1st ed.). Bloomington: Publ. in association with the United ...
... with its large cross sectional area, prevents excess blood flow to the brain. When it raises again, the blood vessels constrict ... Harrison, D. F. N. (1995). The Anatomy and Physiology of the Mammalian Larynx. Cambridge University Press. p. 165. ISBN 978-0- ... The anatomy of Samotherium appears to have shown a transition to a giraffe-like neck.[13] ... Swaby, S. (2010). "Giraffe". In Harris, T. (ed.). Mammal Anatomy: An Illustrated Guide. Marshall Cavendish. pp. 64-84. ISBN 978 ...
... becoming smaller in cross-sectional area) by contracting the vascular smooth muscle in the vessel walls. It is regulated by ... a b c Anatomy Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function, Saladin, McGraw Hill, 2012 ... "Blood Vessel Structure and Function - Boundless Anatomy and Physiology". courses.lumenlearning.com.. ...
... a European multi-country cross-sectional study". BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 15 (1). doi:10.1186/s12884-015-0558-4.. ...
Examples of sub-speciality training in radiology include abdominal imaging, thoracic imaging, cross sectional/ultrasound, MRI, ... This comprises of a medical physics and anatomy examination. Following completion of their part 1 exam, they are then required ... in a ring shaped apparatus rotate around a patient producing a computer generated cross-sectional image (tomogram). CT is ... Radiocontrast agents are administered, often swallowed or injected into the body of the patient, to delineate anatomy and ...
Examples of subspeciality training in radiology include abdominal imaging, thoracic imaging, cross-sectional/ultrasound, MRI, ... This comprises a medical physics and anatomy examination. Following completion of their part 1 exam, they are then required to ... producing a computer-generated cross-sectional image (tomogram). CT is acquired in the axial plane, with coronal and sagittal ... Radiocontrast agents are usually administered by swallowing or injecting into the body of the patient to delineate anatomy and ...
MRAD215 - Cross Sectional Anatomy. https://www.nait.ca/nait/continuing-education/courses/mrad215-cross-sectional-anatomy ... MRAD215 - Cross Sectional Anatomy. With the vast growth in Computed Tomography imaging, the ability of Medical Radiological ... MRAD215 - Cross Sectional Anatomy. With the vast growth in Computed Tomography imaging, the ability of Medical Radiological ... MRAD215 - Cross Sectional Anatomy: With the vast growth in Computed Tomography imaging, the ability of Medical Radiological ...
CT Scan Cross Sectional Anatomy (CT Atlas) CT Scan Cross Sectional Anatomy (CT Atlas) ... CT Scan Cross Sectional Anatomy: Free Android app (4.6 ★, 10,000+ downloads) → ... CT Scan Cross Sectional Anatomy (CT Atlas) CT Scan Cross Sectional Anatomy (CT Atlas) ... CT Scan Cross Sectional Anatomy CT Scan Cross Sectional Anatomy (CT Atlas) ...
Buy Cross-sectional Anatomy for Computed Tomography by M Farkas, James D Fix from Waterstones today! Click and Collect from ... Cross-sectional Anatomy for Computed Tomography: a Self-study Guide with Selected Sections from Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, ... of normal anatomy be spective on the anatomy we see daily in fore he can truly make full use of this tech using cross-sectional ... diagnostic armamentarium was based on its lustrate particularly complex anatomic re ability to display cross-sectional anatomy ...
MadSci Network: Anatomy Query: Re: what are the white lines in cross sectional views in greys anatomy. Date: Thu Mar 22 17:55: ... Anatomy archives Try the links in the MadSci Library for more information on Anatomy. MadSci Home , Information , Search , ... Area of science: Anatomy. ID: 1168648964.An Message:. That one gave me a pause, as I havent thought about an aponeurosis in a ...
Knowledge of pancreatic arterial anatomy and arterial territor ... images were evaluated to clarify the cross-sectional anatomy of ... Anatomy, Cross-Sectional. Angiography, Digital Subtraction. Arteries / anatomy & histology*. Contrast Media / diagnostic use. ... but to read the pancreatic angiography and cross-sectional image. We reviewed 226 selective abdominal angiography and CT scans ... Knowledge of pancreatic arterial anatomy and arterial territory is important not only to perform pancreatic arterial ...
The analysis of cross-sectional anatomical images is an excellent supplementary method of teaching anatomy to students, and ... Step by Step Cross Sectional Anatomy , published 2006 under ISBN 9781904798804 and ISBN 1904798802. ... In full colour throughout, the book contains a figure and description on each page, of images of normal axial CT anatomy. The ... This book will be valued by students of anatomy as a learning tool and by qualified medical professionals as a handy reference ...
... this tutorial shows some anatomy, cross section and histology images of the segments in interactive way. Click and start ... Spinal Cord White Matter - Anatomy & Functions. Spinal Cord White Matter (Anatomy & Functions); explained beautifully in an ... In cross-section (c.s.), the segments appear to be divided into two zones. ...
The quiz below is designed to help you when it comes to the cross-sectional anatomy test and it focuses mostly on the ... Cross-sectional Anatomy Test! Radiography Trivia Quiz 39 Questions , By Chrislast , Last updated: Aug 6, 2019 , Total Attempts ... The quiz below is designed to help you when it comes to the cross-sectional anatomy test and it focuses mostly on the ...
Cross Sectional Anatomy Body. Rad T 270. L1 A. external oblique B. right costal carightilage C. rectus abdominus D. transverse ... Using Matching Techniques with Pooled Cross-sectional Data -What is pooled cross-sectional survey data?. in the repeated cross- ... Cross Sectional Imaging Nuclear Medicine -Www.upei.ca/~vetrad. computed tomography (ct). www.upei.ca/~vetrad. cross sectional ... cross-sectional study -1. . definition. a cross-sectional studies a type of observational or descriptive studythe research has ...
Human Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Atlas of Body Sections and CT Images. Ann Intern Med. 1992;116:1038-1039. doi: https://doi.org/ ... The Visible Human Body: An Atlas of Sectional Anatomy Annals of Internal Medicine; 114 (8): 709 ... Epidemiological features of human brucellosis in Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia province, China: a cross-sectional study over an ... Left-hand pages carry a cadaver cross section (in color) and a diagram showing the level of the cut; right-hand pages carry a ...
Cross Sectional Anatomy Tutor: An Interactive Course for Anatomy Education and Evaluation The Journal of the American ... Cross Sectional Anatomy Tutor: An Interactive Course for Anatomy Education and Evaluation . J Am Osteopath Assoc 1997;97(12): ... Cross Sectional Anatomy Tutor: An Interactive Course for Anatomy Education and Evaluation ... Cross Sectional Anatomy Tutor: An Interactive Course for Anatomy Education and Evaluation ...
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Basic atlas of cross-sectional anatomy / Walter J. Bo, Isadore Meschan, Wayne A. Krueger. By: Bo, Walter J Contributor(s): ... BookPublisher: Philadelphia : Saunders, 1980Description: 357 p ISBN: 0721617670 Subject(s): Anatomy -- atlasesNLM ...
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Problems Encountered by Dental Students in Understanding Oral Histology and Dental Anatomy: A Cross-Sectional Study ... A descriptive cross sectional study will be conducted in the department of Oral Pathology, GDC Srinagar where the prepared ... Dental anatomy and oral histology as a subject need comprehensive information for its application in every wake of academic as ... Problems Encountered by Dental Students in Understanding Oral Histology and Dental Anatomy ...
Surgery for chronic pancreatitis: Cross-sectional imaging of postoperative anatomy and complications. American Journal of ... Surgery for chronic pancreatitis : Cross-sectional imaging of postoperative anatomy and complications. / Sandrasegaran, ... title = "Surgery for chronic pancreatitis: Cross-sectional imaging of postoperative anatomy and complications", ... Surgery for chronic pancreatitis: Cross-sectional imaging of postoperative anatomy and complications. ...
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  • The major topics that are included are introduction to all modalities and introduction to cross-sectional anatomy. (bucks.edu)
  • Schematic line tomography (CT) as an integral part of our drawings are also generously used to il diagnostic armamentarium was based on its lustrate particularly complex anatomic re ability to display cross-sectional anatomy gions and help the reader obtain a correct with near anatomic precision. (waterstones.com)
  • In this module of the animal atlas vet-Anatomy is displayed the cross-sectional labeled anatomy canine thorax on a Computed Tomography (CT) and on 3D images of the thorax of the dog. (imaios.com)
  • In addition, modern imaging techniques like ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are based on cross sectional anatomy. (kenhub.com)
  • Correlation of an optical coherence retinal tomogram with known retinal anatomy, reduction of eye exposure to the probing light beam during Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) examination. (nih.gov)
  • A guide for using NIH Image J for single slice cross-sectional area and composition analysis of the thigh from computed tomography. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Basics of cross-sectional anatomy related to lesion localization in Radiation Therapy, normal sectional anatomy as shown in diagrams and radiographic, sonographic, computerized tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, and magnetic resonance (MR) images. (cod.edu)
  • Completion of all 3 of the following courses from the University of Alabama at Birmingham - NMT 605 Cross sectional Anatomy, NMT 623 CT Instrumentation, and NMT 633 Computed Tomography Procedures. (nmtcb.org)
  • A descriptive cross sectional study will be conducted in the department of Oral Pathology , GDC Srinagar where the prepared questionnaires will be distributed to all the undergraduate students and interns of GDC, Srinagar. (bvsalud.org)
  • XCT 210 CT Imaging - CT Physics course, XCT 212 Sectional Pathology - CT sectional pathology, and the XCT 214 Patient Care for CT & MRI course. (nmtcb.org)
  • Content is consistent with the American Society of Radiologic Technologists curriculum including physics and instrumentation, cross sectional anatomy, cross sectional pathology, procedures and protocols. (ntc.edu)
  • Dental anatomy and oral histology as a subject need comprehensive information for its application in every wake of academic as well as clinical life . (bvsalud.org)
  • Aim and objectives of the study To analyze the problems encountered by the dental students in understanding oral histology and dental anatomy as well as to find out the necessary solutions to overcome these problems. (bvsalud.org)
  • Cervix Uteri, anatomy & histology. (scielo.br)
  • Knowledge of pancreatic arterial anatomy and arterial territory is important not only to perform pancreatic arterial intervention, but to read the pancreatic angiography and cross-sectional image. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Introduction to concepts of imaging of the head and neck region, with focus on angiography and cross-sectional methods. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Describe the cross-sectional anatomy of the spinal cord and the location and function of the major spinal cord tracts. (universityofthephoenix.com)
  • Basic atlas of cross-sectional anatomy / Walter J. Bo, Isadore Meschan, Wayne A. Krueger. (who.int)
  • Praised for its atlas-style format, appropriately detailed anatomical illustrations, and exceptionally clear photographs of tissues and cadavers, Human Anatomy is now more visual and interactive. (ecampus.com)
  • Sadowsky ("Image Registration and Hybrid Volume reconstruction of Bone Anatomy Using a statistical Shape Atlas" 2008, Doctoral Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Certificate program prepares the post-graduate registered radiologic technologist to use magnetic field and radio waves to produce cross-sectional anatomical images of the human body. (bucks.edu)
  • CT scans, also known as CAT scans, use x-rays to produce cross-sectional images of the human body. (pvcc.edu)
  • The clinical acceptance of computed anatomic cross-sections. (waterstones.com)
  • Each chapter clinical and living anatomy is supported by relevant pictures and diagrams. (jaypeedigital.com)
  • Cross Sectional Human Anatomy from Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins sets out to enable basic anatomy to be related easily to the cross sectional imaging commonly encountered within clinical settings. (universityofthephoenix.com)
  • During this time they enhance and polish the skills they previously learned, prepare to perform complete sonographic examinations as performed in real clinical settings, and advance their knowledge in recognizing anatomy and disease states using a variety of equipment in the ultrasound scanning suite. (rit.edu)
  • This course will challenge you to discover and help you to understand the anatomy of the abdomen and pelvis in all its aspects, ranging from its embryological underpinnings, via digital microscopy to gross topography and its clinical applications. (coursera.org)
  • DESIGN: Multiyear (1993 through 1997) cross-sectional clinical procedure evaluation. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Raymond Andrew's research group had published small novel cross sectional images of fruit and also a human wrist in the scientific journal Nature and it was with this group that he made his first clinical evaluations in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cross-sections are two-dimensional, axial views of gross anatomical structures seen in transverse planes . (kenhub.com)
  • In order to appreciate the overall transverse anatomy of this organ, we'll examine an axial view through the thalamus . (kenhub.com)
  • Covers the human anatomy from the cross-sectional perspective in longitudinal, transverse, coronal, and oblique planes. (bellevuecollege.edu)
  • Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Radiographic anatomy III: Systemic and cross-sectional anatomy with emphasis on three-dimensional reconstruction. (up.ac.za)
  • Sectional Anatomy of the structures of the Thorax as viewed with CT and MR imaging. (merlot.org)
  • METHODOLOGY-Forty embalmed hemipelvices obtained from the Department of Human anatomy at Moi University were used for this descriptive cross sectional study. (ac.ke)
  • This study compares median nerve cross-sectional area (CSA) measurements at the wrist obtained with ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using cadaveric measurements as the gold standa. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Proximal to the bladder neck, male and female urinary anatomy is grossly similar. (medscape.com)
  • Cross-sectional Area Just Proximal to the Carpal Tunnel According to the Ulnar Variances: Positive Ulnar Variance and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Cross-sectional, retrospective, analytical observational study of 509 women (aged 15 to 76) with abnormal Pap smears attending a public reference center in the city of Maringá, southern Brazil, from 1996 to 2006. (scielo.br)
  • Recognize and identify the cross-sectional anatomy of major body areas such as the head, chest, spine, and abdomen as identified by the Canadian Association of Medical Radiation Technologists (CAMRT). (nait.ca)
  • Sectional Anatomy of the structures of the Abdomen as viewed with CT and MR imaging. (merlot.org)
  • Advanced Sectional Anatomy I will discuss anatomical structures of the upper and lower extremities, abdomen, and pelvis located in an array of multiple imaging planes and modalities. (methodistcollege.edu)
  • Epidemiological features of human brucellosis in Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia province, China: a cross-sectional study over an 11-year period (2007-2017). (annals.org)
  • Register now and grab your free ultimate anatomy study guide! (kenhub.com)
  • The aim of this study was to dissect the orbit and measure the length and crosssectional diameter of the EOMs. (who.int)
  • Conclusion: This study presents normative measurements for EOM length and cross-sectional diameter. (who.int)
  • OBJECTIVE-To study incidence and anatomy of the corona mortis variant in the black African population in relation to side and gender. (ac.ke)
  • Cross-sectional, Primary Care-Based Study of the Prevalence of Hypoandrogenemia in Nondiabetic Young Men with Obesity. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Prevalence of incontinence among cognitively impaired older residents in long-term care facilities in East Asia: A cross-sectional study. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Prevalence and risk indicators of peri-implantitis in a sample of University-based dental patients in Italy: a cross-sectional study. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Attitudes and barriers towards conducting research amongst primary care physicians in Bahrain: a cross-sectional study. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Prevalence and risk indicators of gingival recessions in an Italian school of dentistry and dental hygiene: a cross-sectional study. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The aim of this cross-sectional study is to (i) determine the prevalence, extent, severity, and distribution of gingival recessions and patient perception in a young population and (ii) to identify po. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This cross-sectional study will assess the prevalence of oral changes among smokers in an Egyptian cohort (patients attending to the hospital of Faculty of Dentistry - Cairo University), a. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This non-interventional, multi-centric, cross-sectional study is aimed to determine the prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in Indian patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM). (bioportfolio.com)
  • A nationwide, cross-sectional study, to determine the prevalence of symptoms of patients in the palliative phase in various care settings will be performed within a set period of two worki. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Computational anatomy (CA) is the mathematical study of anatomy I a I = I a BG, an orbit under groups of diffeomorphisms (i.e., smooth invertible mappings) g a G of anatomical exemplars Iaa I. The observable images are the output of medical imaging devices. (psu.edu)
  • So, the aim of the in vitro study was to investigate root canal anatomy of Myanmar permanent mandibular incisors in Mandalay Region by the staining and clearing method. (hindawi.com)
  • A Cross-Sectional Study in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Healthy Controls. (medscape.com)
  • Stability of Three Different Sanitary Shoes on Healthcare Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study. (nih.gov)
  • Begin Radiologic Anatomy Demo This is a small demonstration adapted for the World Wide Web by Richard Rathe, MD . The original program covers the entire human body and all major imaging modalities. (geometry.net)
  • This section reviews the gross anatomy of the male urinary tract. (medscape.com)
  • right-hand pages carry a table of identifications for the cross-section numeric labels for structures, the corresponding computer-tomographic image and a diagram of it, and an explanatory note. (annals.org)
  • Cross-sections provide the perception of 'depth' , creating three-dimensional relationships between anatomical structures in your mind's eye. (kenhub.com)
  • This means that structures on the right side of the patient's body will be on the left side of the cross-sectional image, and vice-versa. (kenhub.com)
  • We will start with a cross section of the head, where the different structures of the brain are visible. (kenhub.com)
  • The anatomical orbit model: diffeomorphisms transforming anatomies Now we examine the two basic mathematical structures that are used: the group of diffeomorphic transformations and the orbits of e. (psu.edu)
  • Here two Greeks, Herophilus and Erasistratus, were celebrated for their experience of anatomy acquired by the dissection of condemned criminals, and they described many structures of the human body. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This article will describe classical cadaveric cross sections taken at various levels of the human body. (kenhub.com)
  • Cross-sectional area of the median nerve at the wrist: Comparison of sonographic, MRI, and cadaveric measurements. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Human anatomy -- Atlases. (universityofthephoenix.com)
  • Medical Book PDF: Human Sectional Anatomy 3rd Edition The obstacle to detailed sectional anatomical studies was, of course, the problem of fixation of tissues during the cutting process. (universityofthephoenix.com)
  • It uses the best imaging from the visible human project to present anatomy in a regional format with a chapter devoted to each region/5(11). (universityofthephoenix.com)
  • Radiologists interpreting these images need to be thorough in human anatomy. (universityofthephoenix.com)
  • Presents the anatomy and pathophysiology of small human body parts. (bellevuecollege.edu)
  • High resolution (3- x 20-microm) cross-sectional 2-dimensional images of the human retina in vivo have been obtained with only 0.1-second total illumination time (for 1024 A-scans), and approximately 200- microW eye exposure. (nih.gov)
  • The place for fun, interactive and educational views of the human body.Category Health Medicine Basic Sciences anatomy. (geometry.net)
  • Welcome to Human anatomy Online the place for fun, interactiveand educational views of the human body. (geometry.net)
  • Welcome to human anatomy on-line, a place for fun, interactive and educational views of the human body.Category Science Biology Education. (geometry.net)
  • Human anatomy Online. (geometry.net)
  • Navigate through difficult human anatomy topics through both the book and MasteringA&P. (ecampus.com)
  • Dr. Martini is now a President Emeritus of the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society (HAPS) after serving as President-Elect, President, and Past-President over 2005-2007. (ecampus.com)
  • The word can thus be applied to any structure, and we can talk about the anatomy of a plant, an insect, or even a machine, but here the term will be restricted to the structure of the human being. (encyclopedia.com)
  • He studied the human skeleton in Alexandria, but by then human dissection had virtually ceased, and much of his anatomy was based on animal studies. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It was there that a revolution in anatomy took place with the publication, in 1543, by Andreas Vesalius , then aged only 28, of his book De Fabrica Corporis Humani (The Structure of the Human Body). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Bd Chaurasias Human Anatomy Regional & Applied Dis. (infibeam.com)
  • A cross sectional & anatomically accurate depiction of the human eye. (turbosquid.com)
  • CTA images were evaluated to clarify the cross-sectional anatomy of the pancreatic arterial territory. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The analysis of cross-sectional anatomical images is an excellent supplementary method of teaching anatomy to students, and this user friendly pocket guide is an excellent reference and pedagogical tool. (valorebooks.com)
  • In full colour throughout, the book contains a figure and description on each page, of images of normal axial CT anatomy. (valorebooks.com)
  • MR images were compared to corresponding frozen cross-sections of the cadaver head. (avmi.net)
  • The proposal consisted in establishing detailed anatomical description of tomographic images of normal brain of cats , using as reference anatomical images of cross sections of the stained brain and cranial part, with thicknesses similar to the planes of the CT images. (bvsalud.org)
  • These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Skin Anatomy. (fpnotebook.com)
  • the radiologist must first be knowledgeable The book successfully presents a clear per of the complexities of normal anatomy be spective on the anatomy we see daily in fore he can truly make full use of this tech using cross-sectional imaging techniques. (waterstones.com)
  • The purpose of this investigation was to define the magnetic resonance imaging anatomy of the rostral part of the equine head. (avmi.net)
  • We evaluated the relationship between the area around the distal radioulnar joint according to the ulnar variances and the cross-sectional area using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in this pro. (bioportfolio.com)
  • First, internal anatomy of permanent molars of Myanmar population was investigated by Gulabivala and coworkers having used staining and clearing methods for more than a decade ago [ 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Among numerous methods to identify root canal anatomy of permanent dentition, canal staining and clearing are used to investigate three-dimensional canal configuration, the ability to detect detailed anatomy, its reliability (7), and economic concern. (hindawi.com)
  • The skills obtained in this course will allow you to recognize and identify the anatomy encountered while performing CT procedures. (nait.ca)
  • As technology in diagnostic imaging advances, so does the need to competently recognize and identify cross-sectional anatomy. (universityofthephoenix.com)
  • Then, intricate anatomy, such as apical ramification, was commonly found in less than ten percent of the teeth in most situations [ 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Introduction to plain film and cross-sectional imaging of normal anatomy of the limbs. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • New QR codes let you use a smart phones to link directly from figures in the book to figures in the Practice Anatomy Lab™ (PAL™) virtual anatomy program, giving you additional views for learning bones and muscles. (ecampus.com)
  • A reevaluation of the anatomy, taphonomy, environmental setting, and phylogenetic position of H . escuilliei based on additional comparisons with other maniraptorans suggests that, rather than indicating it was a semiaquatic piscivore, the body plan of this dinosaur bears features widely distributed among maniraptorans and in some cases intermediate between the conditions in dromaeosaurids and related clades. (nature.com)
  • However, despite extensive research of the anatomy of both paravians and their maniraptoran relatives, the transition between the body plans of more basal maniraptorans and the specialized, hypercarnivorous one found in dromaeosaurids remains obscure. (nature.com)
  • The Sectional Anatomy for imaging professionals, is a good text book for the knowledge of all sectional imaging of all the body. (universityofthephoenix.com)
  • anatomy The word 'anatomy' derives from the Greek ana (up) and tome (a cutting) - hence ' dissection ' - and it can be defined as the science of the structure of a body learned by dissection. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In Britain in particular, there was the scandal of the grave robbers (or 'resurrectionists' as they were called), who would dig up a body shortly after burial and sell it to an anatomy school. (encyclopedia.com)
  • identify basic cross-sectional anatomy of the body. (bucks.edu)
  • This book will be valued by students of anatomy as a learning tool and by qualified medical professionals as a handy reference manualKarthikeyan, D. is the author of 'Step by Step Cross Sectional Anatomy ', published 2006 under ISBN 9781904798804 and ISBN 1904798802. (valorebooks.com)
  • Before diving into the deep end, it's important to understand the general orientation of axial anatomy. (kenhub.com)
  • Decreased Lean Psoas Cross-sectional Area is Associated with Increased One-year All-cause Mortality in Male Elderly Orthopaedic Trauma Patients. (bioportfolio.com)
  • To investigate the association between lean psoas Cross-sectional Area (CSA) and one-year all-cause mortality in elderly patients sustaining pelvic and long bone fractures. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This article reviews the basic anatomy of the male urinary organs and common anatomical variants, along with the issues they may present. (medscape.com)
  • Background: The extraocular muscles (EOMs) bring about eye movement and studies exist which measure EOM length, cross-sectional diameter and volume. (who.int)
  • If you remember the anatomy of the neurocranium, the anterior bone of the forehead ( frontal bone ) contains a large cavity ( frontal sinus ). (kenhub.com)
  • However, there was no report on root canal anatomy of anterior teeth. (hindawi.com)
  • In spite of the lack of evidence of root canal anatomy of Myanmar anterior teeth, there were only countable reports [ 9 , 10 ] about the anatomy of Myanmar population. (hindawi.com)
  • Frederic H. ("Ric") Martini received his Ph.D. from Cornell University in comparative and functional anatomy for work on the pathophysiology of stress. (ecampus.com)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Extraocular Muscles: Variation in Their Anatomy, Length and Cross-Sectional Diameter. (who.int)
  • The length of the EOM was measured with a digital caliper, the halfway point of the EOM found and the cross-sectional diameter measured. (who.int)
  • Length and cross-sectional diameter measurements from the left and right orbits were compared. (who.int)
  • The correlation between age and EOM length and age and EOM cross-sectional diameter was assessed. (who.int)
  • There was no significant difference between left and right sides for length and cross-sectional diameter. (who.int)
  • There was also no association between age and length and age and cross-sectional diameter. (who.int)
  • A cross-sectional area of the antrum in the right lateral decubitus position (Right lat CSA) was measured by a blinded sonographer following a standardized scanning protocol. (nih.gov)
  • Mean cross-sectional area and mean attenuation values are presented across seven defined Hounsfield unit (HU) ranges along with the percent contribution of each region to the total mid-thigh area. (bioportfolio.com)