Anaerobiospirillum: A genus of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria in the family SUCCINIVIBRIONACEAE. It has been isolated from the THROAT and COLON of beagle dogs and from human FECES.Ribitol: A sugar alcohol formed by the reduction of ribose.Spirochaetaceae: A family of spiral bacteria of the order SPIROCHAETALES.Gram-Negative Anaerobic Bacteria: A large group of anaerobic bacteria which show up as pink (negative) when treated by the Gram-staining method.Bacteria, AnaerobicGram-Negative Bacterial Infections: Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Succinates: Derivatives of SUCCINIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain a 1,4-carboxy terminated aliphatic structure.Carboxylic Acids: Organic compounds containing the carboxy group (-COOH). This group of compounds includes amino acids and fatty acids. Carboxylic acids can be saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic.Metabolic Engineering: Methods and techniques used to genetically modify cells' biosynthetic product output and develop conditions for growing the cells as BIOREACTORS.GluconatesCitric Acid: A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Ustilago: A genus of basidiomycetous smut fungi comprising the loose smuts.Martinique: An island in the Lesser Antilles, one of the Windward Islands. Its capital is Fort-de-France. It was discovered by Columbus in 1502 and from its settlement in 1635 by the French it passed into and out of Dutch and British hands. It was made a French overseas department in 1946. One account of the name tells of native women on the shore calling "Madinina" as Columbus approached the island. The meaning was never discovered but was entered on early charts as Martinique, influenced by the name of St. Martin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p734 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p339)ParisAtlantic Islands: Widely scattered islands in the Atlantic Ocean as far north as the AZORES and as far south as the South Sandwich Islands, with the greatest concentration found in the CARIBBEAN REGION. They include Annobon Island, Ascension, Canary Islands, Falkland Islands, Fernando Po (also called Isla de Bioko and Bioko), Gough Island, Madeira, Sao Tome and Principe, Saint Helena, and Tristan da Cunha.Shared Paranoid Disorder: A condition in which closely related persons, usually in the same family, share the same delusions.Factor V: Heat- and storage-labile plasma glycoprotein which accelerates the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin in blood coagulation. Factor V accomplishes this by forming a complex with factor Xa, phospholipid, and calcium (prothrombinase complex). Deficiency of factor V leads to Owren's disease.Prothrombin: A plasma protein that is the inactive precursor of thrombin. It is converted to thrombin by a prothrombin activator complex consisting of factor Xa, factor V, phospholipid, and calcium ions. Deficiency of prothrombin leads to hypoprothrombinemia.Ameloblasts: Cylindrical epithelial cells in the innermost layer of the ENAMEL ORGAN. Their functions include contribution to the development of the dentinoenamel junction by the deposition of a layer of the matrix, thus producing the foundation for the prisms (the structural units of the DENTAL ENAMEL), and production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Gilbert Disease: A benign familial disorder, transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. It is characterized by low-grade chronic hyperbilirubinemia with considerable daily fluctuations of the bilirubin level.Biometric Identification: A method of differentiating individuals based on the analysis of qualitative or quantitative biological traits or patterns. This process which has applications in forensics and identity theft prevention includes DNA profiles or DNA fingerprints, hand fingerprints, automated facial recognition, iris scan, hand geometry, retinal scan, vascular patterns, automated voice pattern recognition, and ultrasound of fingers.Radio Frequency Identification Device: Machine readable patient or equipment identification device using radio frequency from 125 kHz to 5.8 Ghz.Doping in Sports: Illegitimate use of substances for a desired effect in competitive sports. It includes humans and animals.NorwayBenzoylarginine Nitroanilide: A chromogenic substrate that permits direct measurement of peptide hydrolase activity, e.g., papain and trypsin, by colorimetry. The substrate liberates p-nitroaniline as a chromogenic product.Hyperbilirubinemia, Hereditary: Inborn errors of bilirubin metabolism resulting in excessive amounts of bilirubin in the circulating blood, either because of increased bilirubin production or because of delayed clearance of bilirubin from the blood.Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.Stichopus: A genus of very large, epibenthic SEA CUCUMBERS in the family Stichopodidae, commercially harvested in Southeast Asia for food.Biopolymers: Polymers synthesized by living organisms. They play a role in the formation of macromolecular structures and are synthesized via the covalent linkage of biological molecules, especially AMINO ACIDS; NUCLEOTIDES; and CARBOHYDRATES.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Quantum Dots: Nanometer sized fragments of semiconductor crystalline material which emit PHOTONS. The wavelength is based on the quantum confinement size of the dot. They can be embedded in MICROBEADS for high throughput ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES.Genetic Engineering: Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.Rhipicephalus: A genus of TICKS, in the family IXODIDAE, widespread in Africa. Members of the genus include many important vectors of animal and human pathogens.Tick Infestations: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.Ticks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)Rhipicephalus sanguineus: A species of tick (TICKS) in the family IXODIDAE, distributed throughout the world but abundant in southern Europe. It will feed on a wide variety of MAMMALS, but DOGS are its preferred host. It transmits a large number of diseases including BABESIOSIS; THEILERIASIS; EHRLICHIOSIS; and MEDITERRANEAN SPOTTED FEVER.Tick Control: Chemical, biological, or medical measures designed to prevent the spread of ticks or the concomitant infestations which result in tick-borne diseases. It includes the veterinary as well as the public health aspects of tick and mite control.Acaricides: A pesticide or chemical agent that kills mites and ticks. This is a large class that includes carbamates, formamides, organochlorines, organophosphates, etc, that act as antibiotics or growth regulators.Ixodidae: A family of hardbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include DERMACENTOR and IXODES among others.Metagenome: A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.Microbiota: The full collection of microbes (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.) that naturally exist within a particular biological niche such as an organism, soil, a body of water, etc.Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental: An experimental animal model for central nervous system demyelinating disease. Inoculation with a white matter emulsion combined with FREUND'S ADJUVANT, myelin basic protein, or purified central myelin triggers a T cell-mediated immune response directed towards central myelin. The pathologic features are similar to MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, including perivascular and periventricular foci of inflammation and demyelination. Subpial demyelination underlying meningeal infiltrations also occurs, which is also a feature of ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, ACUTE DISSEMINATED. Passive immunization with T-cells from an afflicted animal to a normal animal also induces this condition. (From Immunol Res 1998;17(1-2):217-27; Raine CS, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p604-5)Gastrointestinal Tract: Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Prebiotics: Non-digestible food ingredients mostly of a carbohydrate base that improve human health by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of existing BACTERIA in the COLON.Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein: A transmembrane protein present in the MYELIN SHEATH of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is one of the main autoantigens implicated in the pathogenesis of MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.Multiple Sclerosis: An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)Hydrogenation: Addition of hydrogen to a compound, especially to an unsaturated fat or fatty acid. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Physicochemical Processes: Physical reactions involved in the formation of or changes in the structure of atoms and molecules and their interactions.EthersSapindaceae: The soapberry plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. Some members contain SAPONINS.Hepatopancreas: A primitive form of digestive gland found in marine ARTHROPODS, that contains cells similar to those found in the mammalian liver (HEPATOCYTES), and the PANCREAS.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Acetates: Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.

Ileocolitis associated with Anaerobiospirillum in cats. (1/7)

Ileocolitis associated with spiral bacteria identified as an Anaerobiospirillum sp. was found in six cats. Two cats had acute onset of gastrointestinal signs characterized by vomiting and diarrhea in one cat and vomiting in another cat, one cat had chronic diarrhea that was refractory to medical therapy; one cat had acute onset of anorexia and lethargy, and two cats had clinical signs that were not related to the gastrointestinal tract. The presence of an Anaerobiospirillum sp. was demonstrated on the basis of ultrastructural morphology of spiral bacteria associated with intestinal lesions and PCR amplification of a genus-specific 16S rRNA gene from affected tissues from each cat. The colons of three clinically healthy cats without lesions and one cat with mild colitis not associated with spiral bacteria were negative for Anaerobiospirillum spp. in the same assay. Comparative nucleotide sequence analysis of cloned PCR products from three affected cats further suggested that the spiral bacteria were closely related to Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens.  (+info)

Fatal bacteremia due to Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens: first description in Brazil. (2/7)

Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens is an anaerobic, Gram-negative, spiral shaped bacteria, which is motile by means of bipolar tuffs of flagella. This organism appears to be a rare cause of bacteremia in humans, and it usually affects patients submitted to immunosuppressive therapy. Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens resembles Campylobacter spp. in Gram-stained preparations, however, it is considered resistant to most antimicrobial drugs that are used to treat Campylobacter infections. We observed Gram-negative, spiral shaped bacteria in Gram-stained preparations from blood culture flasks. Growth occurred only under anaerobic incubation, and identification to the species level was achieved by PCR amplification of the 16S rRNA gene, followed by direct sequencing and a GenBank homology search. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported Brazilian case of Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens bacteremia.  (+info)

Cell recycled culture of succinic acid-producing Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens using an internal membrane filtration system. (3/7)

Cell recycled culture of succinic acid-producing Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens was anaerobically carried out using an internal membrane filter module in order to examine the physiological response of A. succiniciproducens to a high-cell-density environment. The optimal growth of A. succiniciproducens and its enhanced succinic acid productivity were observed under CO2-rich conditions, established by adding NaHCO3 and Na2CO3, in the cell recycled system. A. succiniciproducens grew up to 6.50 g-DCW/l, the highest cell concentration obtained so far, in cell recycled cultures. The cells did not change their morphology, which is known to be easily changed in unfavorable or stress environments. The maximum productivity of succinic acid was about 3.3 g/l/h, which is 3.3 times higher than those obtained in batch cultures. These results can serve as a guide for designing highly efficient cell recycled systems for succinic acid at a commercial level.  (+info)

Succinic acid production by Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens ATCC 29305 growing on galactose, galactose/glucose, and galactose/lactose. (4/7)

Succinic acid-producing Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens was anaerobically grown on galactose, galactose/glucose, or galactose/lactose in order to study its galactose fermentation. Unlike a previous report, A. succiniciproducens was found to efficiently metabolize galactose as the sole carbon source at a rate of 2.4 g/g-DCW/h and produced succinic acid with as high a yield of 87% as with using glucose. When glucose and galactose were present, A. succiniciproducens metabolized both sugars simultaneously. Furthermore, when lactose and galactose coexisted, lactose did not inhibit the galactose fermentation of A. succiniciproducens. Therefore, co-utilization of galactose and other sugars can improve the productivity and economy of bio-based succinic acid processes.  (+info)

Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens bacteraemia in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. (5/7)

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Kinetic study of organic acid formations and growth of Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens during continuous cultures. (6/7)

Succinic acid-producing Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens was anaerobically grown in glucose-fed continuous cultures using glucose as a carbon source, and the metabolic flexibility of A. succiniciproducens in response to varying glucose concentrations and dilution rates was examined. Both succinic acid (SA) and acetic acid (AA) formation was growth-associated, and their growth-rate-related coefficients (KSA/X, KAA/X) and nongrowth-rate-related coefficients (K'SA/X, K'AA/X) were slightly influenced by glucose concentrations. A high glucose concentration (38 g/l) and high growth rate (0.63 h-1) did not induce by-product formation.  (+info)

First report of treatment of Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens bloodstream infection with levofloxacin. (7/7)

 (+info)

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Part of the ABC transporter complex CcmAB involved in the biogenesis of c-type cytochromes; once thought to export heme, this seems not to be the case, but its exact role is uncertain. Responsible for energy coupling to the transport system.
Ileocolitis is the most common type of Crohn’s disease. It causes inflammation in the end of the small intestine (known as the ileum) and the colon.
What are the five types of Crohns disease? The five types of Crohns disease and their symptoms are: Ileocolitis: Ileocolitis is the most common type of Crohns disease. It affects the small intestine, known as the ileum, and the colon. People who have ileocolitis experience considerable weight loss, diarrhea, and cramping or pain in the…
The above procedure is medically necessary. The American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons defines "medical necessity" as (1) appropriate for the symptoms and diagnosis, care and treatment of the patients condition, disease or injury; (2) provided for the diagnosis, care and treatment of the patients condition, disease or injury; and (3) in accordance with standards of good oral and maxiollfacial surgery practice. Stephanie has a facial skeletal deformity. The orthognathic surgery which is recommended would be done to establish normal functional relationships between osseous, muscular and contiguous structures. I feel that medical necessity is established by the diagnosis of a musculoskeletal deformity, which is by itself, pathologic, and constitutes a medical condition which requires surgical correction. I would cite corrective surgeries that are routinely allowable, such as scoliosis of the spine, cleft palate, and club foot, and would request that Stephanies orthognathic ...
High Quality Succinic Acid Supplier, FOODCHEM is Top Succinic Acid Supplier and Manufacturer in China for more than 10 years, Buy Succinic Acid Food Grade and Feed Grade at Foodchem
Anaerobiospirillum thomasii, Succinimonas amylolytica and Succinivibrio dextrinosolvens and proposal of Succinivibrionaceae fam ...
Mannheimia succiniciproducens and Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens or genetically modified Escherichia coli, ...
Anaerobiospirillum MeSH B03.440.425.410.194 --- bacteroidaceae MeSH B03.440.425.410.194.152 --- Bacteroides MeSH B03.440. ... Anaerobiospirillum MeSH B03.660.250.770 --- thiotrichaceae MeSH B03.660.250.830 --- vibrionaceae MeSH B03.660.250.830.590 --- ...
... (or Anaerobiospirillum thomasii) is a Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria recognized as human flora in human ... Anaerobiospirillum thomasii Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. at GBIF Portal. N4L Name DOI Record. Biology portal ...
Anaerobiospirillum (or Anaerobiospirillum thomasii) is a Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria recognized as human flora in human ... Anaerobiospirillum thomasii Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. at GBIF Portal. N4L Name DOI Record. Biology portal ...
Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens ATCC ® 53488™ Designation: S411 TypeStrain=False Application: Produces succinic acid ... Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens Davis et al. (ATCC® 53488™) Strain Designations: S411 / Type Strain: no / Biosafety Level ...
Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens ATCC ® 55617™ Designation: FA-10 TypeStrain=False Application: Produces succinic acid ... Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens Davis et al. (ATCC® 55617™) Strain Designations: FA-10 / Type Strain: no / Biosafety ... Method for making succinic acid, Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens variants for use in process and methods for obtaining ...
Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens Bacteremia Blood culture MeSH Terms expand_less. expand_more. Aged Anaerobiospirillum ... A Case of Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens Isolated from Blood Culture.. Jang WR , Nahm CH , Moon YS , Je YS , Yong D , ... Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens is a spiral-shaped, gram-negative anaerobic bacterium. A. succiniciproducens is a rare ...
... succinate-producing bacterium Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Escherichia coli. ... Cloning, sequencing, and overexpression of the Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (pckA) ... article{Laivenieks1997CloningSA, title={Cloning, sequencing, and overexpression of the Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens ... succinate-producing bacterium Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Escherichia coli. ...
Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens Davis et al. (ATCC® 55617™) ATCC® Number: 55617™ Strain Designations: FA-10 ... Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens Davis et al. (ATCC® 53488™) ATCC® Number: 53488™ Strain Designations: S411 ... Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens Davis et al. (ATCC® 29305™) ATCC® Number: 29305™ Strain Designations: S411 ...
Genus Anaerobiospirillum [VII]. *Genus Anaerovibrio [X]. *Genus Bacteroides [I]. *Genus Butyrivibrio [IV] ...
Anaerobiospirillum [13477] Aotus [13298] [13439] Aotus nancymaae [13297] Ateles fusciceps rufiventris [13414] ...
Anaerobiospirillum Succiniciproducens. Mannheimia Succiniciproducens. Actinobacillus Succinogenes. Escherichia Coli. ...
An unusual causative pathogen of sepsis after a cat bite: Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens. ...
Description of a medium for isolating Anaerobiospirillum spp., a possible cause of zoonotic disease, from diarrheal feces and ... and Anaerobiospirillum (human, cat, and dog feces) (31). NICU mobiles showed a greater abundance of Fusobacterium, Neisseria, ...
Case report: Anaerobiospirillum prosthetic joint infection in a heart transplant recipient.. Madden GR, Poulter MD, Crawford MP ...
Ileocolitis associated with Anaerobiospirillum in cats. J. Clin. Microbiol. 42:2752-2758. ... Anaerobiospirillum, and Lactobacillus were also lower in GM maize-fed sows (P , 0.05); with respect to Lactobacillus this may ... the family Succinivibrionaceae and its member genus Anaerobiospirillum). A lower relative abundance of Proteobacteria was also ...
Anaerobiospirillum, a new genus of spiral-shaped bacteria. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1976; 26: 498-504. [ Links ]. 17. Beji A, ...
and Anaerobiospirillum spp. in healthy and diarrheic dogs and cats. Vet. Microbiol., 129: 301-314.. PubMed , Sandberg, M., B. ...
Malnick H: Anaerobiospirillum thomasii sp. nov., an anaerobic spiral bacterium isolated from the feces of cats and dogs and ... from diarrheal feces of humans, and emendation of the genus Anaerobiospirillum. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1997 Apr;47(2):381-4. [ ...
Anaerobiospirillum, a new genus of spiral-shaped bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 26:498-504. ... The naturally isolated obligate anaerobe Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens (6) and facultative anaerobes belonging to the ...
Phylogenetic analysis of Formivibrio citricus, Propionivibrio dicarboxylicus, Anaerobiospirillum thomasii, Succinimonas ...
Feed-control development for succinic acid production with Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens. Bretz, K.; Kabasci, S.. ... Medium optimization for the fermentative production of succinic acid with Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens. Bretz, K.; ... Vom Gold des Meeres zum Stoff der Zukunft: Optimierung der fermentativen Bernsteinsäureherstellung mit Anaerobiospirillum ...
Anaerobiospirillum thomasii, Succinimonas amylolytica and Succinivibrio dextrinosolvens and proposal of Succinivibrionaceae fam ...
Biological conversion of wood hydrolysate to succinic acid by Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens. Lee, P.C.; Lee, S.Y.; Hong ... Succinic acid production with reduced by-product formation in the fermentation of Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens using ...
241000722955 Anaerobiospirillum Species 0 description 2 * 229910004373 HOAc Inorganic materials 0 description 2 ...
M. Laivenieks, C. Vieille, and J. G. Zeikus, "Cloning, sequencing, and overexpression of the Anaerobiospirillum ... Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens [21]). These natural producers show excellent tolerance to osmotic pressure caused by ... "Succinic acid production with reduced by-product formation in the fermentation of Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens using ... "Kinetic study on succinic acid and acetic acid formation during continuous cultures of Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens ...
First report of treatment of Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens bloodstream infection with levofloxacin J Clin Microbiol. ...
Method for making succinic acid, anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens variants for use in process and methods for obtaining ...
  • Case report: Anaerobiospirillum prosthetic joint infection in a heart transplant recipient. (nih.gov)