These compounds stimulate anabolism and inhibit catabolism. They stimulate the development of muscle mass, strength, and power.
A non-steroidal estrogen analog.
A synthetic estrogen that has been used as a hormonal antineoplastic agent.
An anabolic steroid used mainly as an anabolic agent in veterinary practice.
A synthetic hormone with anabolic and androgenic properties.
A polypeptide that consists of the 1-34 amino-acid fragment of human PARATHYROID HORMONE, the biologically active N-terminal region. The acetate form is given by intravenous infusion in the differential diagnosis of HYPOPARATHYROIDISM and PSEUDOHYPOPARATHYROIDISM. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
Bone-forming cells which secrete an EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX. HYDROXYAPATITE crystals are then deposited into the matrix to form bone.
A polypeptide hormone (84 amino acid residues) secreted by the PARATHYROID GLANDS which performs the essential role of maintaining intracellular CALCIUM levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone increases intracellular calcium by promoting the release of CALCIUM from BONE, increases the intestinal absorption of calcium, increases the renal tubular reabsorption of calcium, and increases the renal excretion of phosphates.
The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
Agents that inhibit BONE RESORPTION and/or favor BONE MINERALIZATION and BONE REGENERATION. They are used to heal BONE FRACTURES and to treat METABOLIC BONE DISEASES such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
A synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen used in the treatment of menopausal and postmenopausal disorders. It was also used formerly as a growth promoter in animals. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), diethylstilbestrol has been listed as a known carcinogen. (Merck, 11th ed)
The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
An examination, review and verification of all financial accounts.
Reorganization of the hospital corporate structure.
Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.
A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic females associated with the karyotype 45,X (or 45,XO). Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated GONADS (streak gonads), SEXUAL INFANTILISM, HYPOGONADISM, webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS, decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood, and CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS. NOONAN SYNDROME (also called Pseudo-Turner Syndrome and Male Turner Syndrome) resembles this disorder; however, it occurs in males and females with a normal karyotype and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.
A group of cardiac arrhythmias in which the cardiac contractions are not initiated at the SINOATRIAL NODE. They include both atrial and ventricular premature beats, and are also known as extra or ectopic heartbeats. Their frequency is increased in heart diseases.
A 191-amino acid polypeptide hormone secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR), also known as GH or somatotropin. Synthetic growth hormone, termed somatropin, has replaced the natural form in therapeutic usage such as treatment of dwarfism in children with growth hormone deficiency.
The use of hormonal agents with estrogen-like activity in postmenopausal or other estrogen-deficient women to alleviate effects of hormone deficiency, such as vasomotor symptoms, DYSPAREUNIA, and progressive development of OSTEOPOROSIS. This may also include the use of progestational agents in combination therapy.
A polypeptide that is secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Growth hormone, also known as somatotropin, stimulates mitosis, cell differentiation and cell growth. Species-specific growth hormones have been synthesized.
A syndrome that results from abnormally low secretion of THYROID HORMONES from the THYROID GLAND, leading to a decrease in BASAL METABOLIC RATE. In its most severe form, there is accumulation of MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES in the SKIN and EDEMA, known as MYXEDEMA.
Facilities which provide programs for rehabilitating the mentally or physically disabled individuals.
Restoration of human functions to the maximum degree possible in a person or persons suffering from disease or injury.
Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.
Breaks in bones.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is used in folk medicine (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL).
Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the metabolism, physiology, and disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
Illegitimate use of substances for a desired effect in competitive sports. It includes humans and animals.
Agents that improve the ability to carry out activities such as athletics, mental endurance, work, and resistance to stress. The substances can include PRESCRIPTION DRUGS; DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS; phytochemicals; and ILLICIT DRUGS.
The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.
A synthetic steroid with anabolic properties that are more pronounced than its androgenic effects. It has little progestational activity. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1188)
C18 steroid with androgenic and anabolic properties. It is generally prepared from alkyl ethers of ESTRADIOL to resemble TESTOSTERONE but less one carbon at the 19 position.
A synthetic hormone used for androgen replacement therapy and as an hormonal antineoplastic agent (ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS, HORMONAL).

Alterations in diaphragm contractility after nandrolone administration: an analysis of potential mechanisms. (1/470)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential mechanisms underlying the improved contractility of the diaphragm (Dia) in adult intact male hamsters after nandrolone (Nan) administration, given subcutaneously over 4 wk via a controlled-release capsule (initial dose: 4.5 mg. kg-1. day-1; with weight gain, final dose: 2.7 mg. kg-1. day-1). Control (Ctl) animals received blank capsules. Isometric contractile properties of the Dia were determined in vitro after 4 wk. The maximum velocity of unloaded shortening (Vo) was determined in vitro by means of the slack test. Dia fibers were classified histochemically on the basis of myofibrillar ATPase staining and fiber cross-sectional area (CSA), and the relative interstitial space was quantitated. Ca2+-activated myosin ATPase activity was determined by quantitative histochemistry in individual diaphragm fibers. Myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms were identified electrophoretically, and their proportions were determined by using scanning densitometry. Peak twitch and tetanic forces, as well as Vo, were significantly greater in Nan animals compared with Ctl. The proportion of type IIa Dia fibers was significantly increased in Nan animals. Nan increased the CSA of all fiber types (26-47%), whereas the relative interstitial space decreased. The relative contribution of fiber types to total costal Dia area was preserved between the groups. Proportions of MHC isoforms were similar between the groups. There was a tendency for increased expression of MHC2B with Nan. Ca2+-activated myosin ATPase activity was increased 35-39% in all fiber types in Nan animals. We conclude that, after Nan administration, the increase in Dia specific force results from the relatively greater Dia CSA occupied by hypertrophied muscle fibers, whereas the increased ATPase activity promotes a higher rate of cross-bridge turnover and thus increased Vo. We speculate that Nan in supraphysiological doses have the potential to offset or ameliorate conditions associated with enhanced proteolysis and disordered protein turnover.  (+info)

Effects of implants on daily gains of steers wintered on dormant native tallgrass prairie, subsequent performance, and carcass characteristics. (2/470)

Fall-weaned crossbred steer calves (n = 300; 184 +/- 2.9 kg) received either no implant (Control) or were implanted with Synovex-C (SC = 10 mg estradiol benzoate + 100 mg progesterone), Synovex-S (SS = 20 mg estradiol benzoate + 200 mg progesterone), or Revalor-G (RG = 8 mg estradiol-17beta + 40 mg trenbolone acetate) to determine the effects of implants on weight gain during winter grazing on dormant tallgrass prairie, subsequent grazing and finishing performance, and carcass characteristics. Steers grazed two dormant tallgrass prairie pastures from October 16, 1996, until March 29, 1997 (164 d), and received 1.36 kg/d of a 25% CP supplement that supplied 100 mg of monensin/steer. Following winter grazing, all steers were implanted with Ralgro (36 mg zeranol) and grazed a common tallgrass prairie pasture until July 17 (110 d). After summer grazing, all steers were implanted with Revalor-S (24 mg estradiol-17beta + 120 mg trenbolone acetate), and winter implant treatment groups were equally allotted to four feedlot pens. Steers were harvested November 17, 1997, after a 123-d finishing period. Daily gains during the winter grazing phase averaged .28, .32, .32, or .35 kg/d, respectively, for Control, SC, SS, or RG steers and were greater (P < .01) for implanted steers than for Controls. Summer daily gains were similar (1.05 +/- .016 kg/d; P > or = .61) for all treatment groups. Feedlot daily gains were also similar (1.67 +/- .034 kg/d; P > or = .21), with implanted steers weighing 14 kg more than Control steers (P = .05) at harvest, despite similar management during summer grazing and feedlot phases. Control steers tended (P = .06) to have lower yield grades. There were no differences (P = .99) in marbling between implanted and nonimplanted steers. Steers implanted during the wintering phase had increased skeletal and overall (P < .01) carcass maturities compared with nonimplanted steers, which resulted in more "B" and "C" maturity carcasses. Because carcass maturity score affects quality grade, the increased maturities of implanted steers resulted in a $9.04 decrease in carcass value/100 kg (P < .01) compared with Controls. The results of this study indicate that growth-promoting implants are efficacious for cattle wintered on dormant native range despite low daily gains. This increased weight is maintained through the summer grazing and feedlot phases; however, the benefit of the increased weight may be offset by decreased carcass quality grade and value due to increased carcass maturity.  (+info)

Increased dopaminergic and 5-hydroxytryptaminergic activities in male rat brain following long-term treatment with anabolic androgenic steroids. (3/470)

1. The effects of treating groups of rats with four different anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) (testosterone, nandrolone, methandrostenolone, and oxymetholone) on 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) neurones in different brain regions were examined. The AAS was injected six times with 1 week's interval and the rats were sacrificed 2 days after the final injection. 5-HT and its metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), DA and its metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) were measured. The effect on DA and 5-HT synthesis rate was analysed as the accumulation of 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-alanine (DOPA) and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), respectively, after inhibition of the amino acid decarboxylase with NSD-1015 (3-hydroxy-benzylhydrazine dihydrochloride). Additionally, the monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity was analysed in the hypothalamus. 2. The DOPAC + HVA/DA ratio was increased in the striatum in all treatment groups. However, the synthesis rate of DA was significantly increased only in the methandrostenolone treated group. 3. The 5-HIAA/5-HT ratio was increased in all treatment groups in the hippocampus, in the frontal cortex in the methandrostenolone-treated animals and in the hypothalamus in the testosterone- and oxymetholone-treated rats, while the 5-HT synthesis rate was not affected by the AAS-treatments. 4. The MAO-A activity was increased in the oxymetholone-treated rats while the other treatment groups were unaffected. The MAO-B activity was not changed. 5. The results indicate that relatively high doses of AAS increase dopaminergic and 5-hydroxytryptaminergic metabolism in male rat brain, probably due to enhanced turnover in these monaminergic systems.  (+info)

Reversal of weightlessness-induced musculoskeletal losses with androgens: quantification by MRI. (4/470)

Microgravity causes rapid decrement in musculoskeletal mass is associated with a marked decrease in circulatory testosterone levels, as we reported in hindlimb-suspended (HLS) rats. In this model which simulates microgravity, we hypothesized that testosterone supplementation should prevent these losses, and we tested this in two studies. Muscle volumes and bone masses were quantitated by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on day 12. In the first study, 12-wk-old Sprague-Dawley rats that were HLS for 12 days lost 28.5% of muscle volume (53.3 +/- 4.8 vs. 74.5 +/- 3.6 cm3 in the ground control rats; P < 0.001) and had a 5% decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) (P < 0.05). In the second study, 30 male 12-wk-old Wistar rats were HLS and were administered either a vehicle (control), testosterone, or nandrolone decanoate (ND). An additional 20 rats were used as ground controls, one-half of which received testosterone. HLS rats had a significant reduction in muscle volume (42.9 +/- 3.0 vs. 56 +/- 1.8 cm3 in ground control rats; P < 0.01). Both testosterone and ND treatments prevented this muscle loss (51.5 +/- 2 and 51.6 +/- 1.2 cm3, respectively; a 63% improvement; P < 0. 05). There were no statistical differences between the two active treatment groups nor with the ground controls. Similarly, there was an 85% improvement in BMD in the testosterone group (1.15 +/- 0.04 vs. 1.04 +/- 0.04 density units in vehicle controls; P < 0.05) and a 76% improvement in the ND group (1.13 +/- 0.07 density units), whereas ground control rats had a BMD of 1.17 +/- 0.03 density units. Because serum testosterone levels are markedly reduced in this model of simulated microgravity, androgen replacement seems to be a rational countermeasure to prevent microgravity-induced musculoskeletal losses.  (+info)

Effects of anabolic-androgenic steroid use or gonadal testosterone suppression on serum leptin concentration in men. (5/470)

OBJECTIVE: Serum leptin concentration shows a sexual dimorphism that is not accounted for by gender differences in adiposity. A strong inverse association exists between serum leptin and testosterone concentrations in men, pointing to a likely influence of gonadal sex steroids on serum leptin concentration. The aim of this study was to investigate whether manipulation of sex steroid hormones in men would alter serum leptin concentration independently of changes in fat mass. DESIGN AND METHODS: The effects of sex steroid suppression on serum leptin concentration were investigated in nine healthy men in whom testosterone had been reversibly suppressed for 5 weeks after treatment with intramuscular triptorelin. The effects of sex steroid supplementation were investigated in nine male bodybuilders who self-administered anabolic--androgenic steroids (AAS) for a mean period of 6.5 weeks. A control group received no hormonal treatment. RESULTS: Testosterone concentration was significantly reduced by triptorelin administration (7.32+/- 1.92ng/ml at baseline compared with 1.15+/-0.57ng/ml at 5 weeks, P=0.002). High-dose AAS use was confirmed by urine analysis. Body fat percentage was unaffected by the AAS or triptorelin intervention (P>0.19). Leptin concentration was significantly reduced after one cycle of AAS use (2.40+/-0. 98ng/ml off cycle compared with 1.63+/-0.37ng/ml on cycle, P=0.012), and was significantly increased by triptorelin administration (2. 96+/-1.50ng/ml at baseline compared with 6.63+/-4.67ng/ml at five weeks, P=0.004). No significant change occurred in the control group. CONCLUSION: Androgenic sex hormone supplementation decreases serum leptin concentration, whereas suppression increases serum leptin concentration, independently of changes in body fat mass in healthy men. The sexual dimorphism evident in serum leptin concentration is likely to be due to a suppressive effect of testosterone on serum leptin concentration in males.  (+info)

Effects of anabolic steroids on diaphragm impairment induced by methylprednisolone in emphysematous hamsters. (6/470)

This study was designed to investigate whether the administration of the anabolic steroid nandrolone decanoate is able to antagonize the loss in diaphragm function induced by long-term administration of a low-dose of methylprednisolone in emphysematous hamsters. Normal and emphysematous male hamsters were randomized to receive either saline or methylprednisolone 0.2 mg x kg(-1) x day(-1) for 9 months, with or without nandrolone decanoate 1 mg x kg(-1) x week(-1) i.m. during the final 3 months. Diaphragm contractile properties and myosin heavy chain composition were determined. Compared to control hamsters, the force generating capacity of isolated diaphragm strips decreased by approximately 12% in the emphysema group and by approximately 22% in the emphysema plus methylprednisolone group. Addition of nandrolone decanoate to the emphysema plus methylprednisolone hamsters significantly improved force generation. The atrophy of type IIa and IIx diaphragm fibres in the emphysema plus methylprednisolone group was completely reversed to the level of control hamsters by the addition of nandrolone decanoate. In conclusion, nandrolone decanoate in part reversed the loss in diaphragm force-generating capacity in emphysematous hamsters treated with methylprednisolone, and reversed type IIa and IIx fibre atrophy completely.  (+info)

Effects of anabolic steroid (19-nortestosterone) on the secretion of testicular hormones in the stallion. (7/470)

The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of anabolic steroids on the testicular endocrine function of mature stallions. Mature thoroughbred stallions were treated with 800 mg nandrolone decanoate every 3 weeks for 3 months. After the first treatment, plasma concentrations of LH, immunoreactive inhibin and testosterone decreased rapidly to the nadir. These hormones were maintained at significantly lower concentrations compared with concentrations in intact stallions. Histology of the testicular tissue indicated the arrest of advanced spermatogenesis in the seminiferous tubules and a severe depletion of the number of Leydig cells in the interstitial compartment as a result of treatment. Most of the immunopositive cells for the inhibin alpha-subunit and steroidogenesis enzymes in the interstitial compartment decreased below detectable amounts, whereas immunopositive reactions of inhibin alpha-subunit in the seminiferous tubules were clearly observed. In conclusion, the treatment of mature stallions with nandrolone decanoate caused a decrease in the secretion of ir-inhibin and testosterone from the testis, the depletion of the number of Leydig cells and a decrease below detectable amounts of inhibin alpha-subunit and steroidogenesis enzymes. The concentration of ir-inhibin in the peripheral blood may be a useful marker for the examination of testicular activity in stallions being treated with anabolic steroids.  (+info)

Over-the-counter anabolic steroids 4-androsten-3,17-dione; 4-androsten-3beta,17beta-diol; and 19-nor-4-androsten-3,17-dione: excretion studies in men. (8/470)

Since the appearance of 4-androsten-3,17-dione (I) as a nutritional supplement in early 1997, we have frequently observed a characteristic deterioration of endogenous steroid profiles in athletes' urine in routine anabolic steroid testing in which concentrations of major endogenous urinary steroids and testosterone exceed normal. Human excretion studies are performed with I and newer, over-the-counter "supplements" 4-androsten-3beta,17beta-diol (II) and 19-nor-4-androsten-3,17-dione (III). Endogenous urinary steroids affected by I and II are androsterone, etiocholanolone, their hydroxylated derivatives 5alpha- and 5beta-androstan-3alpha,17beta-diols, testosterone, and epitestosterone. Their concentrations briefly increase by one to two orders of magnitude and return to normal 24 h after oral administration of I and II. The average male may test positive for testosterone because testosterone concentration rises faster than that of epitestosterone, causing the testosterone/epitestosterone (T/E) ratio to rise above the positive cutoff of 6:1. A remarkable distinction in excretion patterns was observed in eastern Asian men, for whom I and II did not affect urinary concentrations of testosterone and did not increase the T/E ratio. First-pass metabolism deactivates most of the orally administered drugs I and II, rapidly converting them into inactive androsterone and etiocholanolone. Drug II is a more effective testosterone booster because of its different metabolic pathway. After the use of III, a precursor of the potent anabolic nandrolone, high concentrations of norandrosterone and noretiocholanolone appear in urine, similar to nandrolone. These are detectable in urine for 7-10 days after a single oral dose of III (50 mg).  (+info)

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Abstract: Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are widely used illicitly to gain muscle and lose body fat. Here we review the accumulating human and animal evidence showing that AAS may cause a distinct dependence syndrome, often associated with adverse psychiatric and medical effects.We present an illustrative case of AAS dependence, followed by a summary of the human and animal literature on this topic, based on publications known to us or obtained by searching the PubMed database.About 30% of AAS users appear to develop a dependence syndrome, characterized by chronic AAS use despite adverse effects on physical, psychosocial or occupational functioning. AAS dependence shares many features with classical drug dependence. For example, hamsters will self-administer AAS, even to the point of death, and both humans and animals exhibit a well-documented AAS withdrawal syndrome, mediated by neuroendocrine and cortical neurotransmitter systems. AAS dependence may particularly involve opioidergic ...
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The comparative analyses of AAS users consider in the US context. As the US country is most famous for AAS use, and there are the AAS users in the most significant numbers. The illicit use of anabolic steroids in the US arose before other countries as American culture valued particularly-shaped man figure. U.S movies, dramas, and fitness magazines promoted heroes with bulky and muscular bodies. The US population has the most significant proportion of anabolic steroid users. There have been least surveys conducted on AAS since 1994.. A study revealed that Americans with age group of 13-50 were 108.5 million users that increased to 103.6-113.5 million during 1990-2011.. During the Youth-survey 1991, the data gathered from Americas High-schools revealed that AAS use was every day among 1oth to 12th graders. Mathematical models predicted that currently, more than 4.0 M American population depends on AAS.. MTF data shows that young adults of age group 19-28 were AAS users cover 3.1 million of ...
In a new study discussed at the American Physiological Society, a Swedish group found that the use of anabolic steroids produced long lasting enhancement of the muscle cells. (The Science Blog; Scientific American) A team of researchers has examined the impact of anabolic steroid use on power lifters years after the athletes had ceased to take the drugs. The researchers found that while physical traces of the drug no longer remained, changes in the shoulder and quadriceps still gave lifters an advantage years later. The research was conducted by Anders Eriksson and Lars-Eric Thornell, Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Section...
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Anabolic Steroids or anabolic androgenic steroids are a form of drugs that are used for growing muscles and increasing your strength. Your body naturally produces an anabolic steroid-like hormone, known as testosterone. Testosterone is the major male hormone that is responsible for all of your male characteristics.. But it doesnt let you have such huge muscle gains that you can get from taking anabolic steroids. Secondly, as you keep on aging, your levels of testosterone keep on decreasing, due to which you lose all of your machismo. Thats another reason people go for these.. Having androgenic properties, anabolic steroids serve as the testosterone hormone to bring back all those manly traits in you, with a much higher intensity. Testosterone is also available and widely consumed for the same purpose by many athletes. But, anabolic steroids are preferred over them because they have a lot more to offer in terms of benefits.. Anabolic steroids are basically used and acknowledged for their ...
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Bodybuilders and weightlifters have used anabolic-androgenic steroids since the 1950s (Yesalis, Wright, & Bahrke, 1989). Today, competitive bodybuilders often self-administer anabolic-androgenic steroids to increase muscular size and to remain competitive (Hurley, Seals, Hagberg, Goldberg, Ostrove, Holloszy, Wiest, & Goldberg, 1984). Athletes often simultaneously use different anabolic steroids, commonly referred to as stacking. Athletes often begin with a low dosage of a particular compound and then increase the dosage along with the number of compounds, until a peak intake is reached. After peaking, dosages and compounds are gradually reduced, or tapered. A cycle usually lasts 6 to 16 weeks and may be repeated throughout the athletes career (Kleiner, Bazzarre, & Litchford, 1990; Balon, Horowitz, & Fitzsimmons, 1992; Kleiner, Calabrese, Fielder, Naito, Skibinski, 1989). Few studies have documented bodybuilders anabolic steroid cycles in depth. Hurley (1984) documented the pharmaceutical ...
What are the health consequences of steroid abuse, Anabolic steroid abuse has been associated with a wide range of adverse side effects ranging from some that are physically unattractive, such as acne and breast. Steroids (anabolic) , national institute on drug abuse (nida), Brief description anabolic steroids are synthetic variations of the male sex hormone testosterone. the proper term for these compounds is anabolic-androgenic steroids.. Steroid abuse in todays society, Over the last few years, a number of metabolic precursors to either testosterone or nandrolone have been marketed as dietary supplements in the u.s.. ...
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Background: There is a perception that the prevalence of anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use is increasing in the UK, with consequent individual and public health risks. Nevertheless, there is a lack of real-time surveillance data to support the development of effective policy. This paper explores the potential of Google Trends to complement existing surveillance methods by analysing user generated search term data. Methods: The Google Trends web tool was used to identify patterns of UK online interest in 15 AAS from January 2011 to December 2015, with 10 ultimately suitable for further analysis. Time series analysis was applied to the data. Results: 10 steroids were ranked from most to least popular. All compounds had peaks in interest between April to July, potentially indicating a consumer driven desire to attain a desired physique in time for summer. Oral steroids were among the most searched for drugs which may have relevance for current service provision to steroid users. Conclusion: ...
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S: Anabolic Steroids. BC: THE END. FC: Anabolic Steroids By:Dylan Fulmer. 2: Have you ever wondered how far your body can get from using a drug that will cheat your way for you? Well there is a drug that was invented for your purpose, Anabolic Steroids, also known as Juice, Arnold, and Hulk. However it may help you accomplish your short term goals, this drug can also affect you in the long run. Many MLB, NFL, and top Olympic athletes are being busted and accused of using anabolic steroids now more than ever.. 3: Anabolic Steroids should continue to be banned because of the illegal use, health effects and the unfair advantages it allows athletes to have.. 4: Reason 1: Steroid stacking is no good!. 5: Users also frequently combine several different types of steroids in a process known as stacking.(Stefan). So by using multiple forms of steroids the user believes that the drug will have a much better growth rate than using a single drug.(Stefan). These people are actually shortening ...
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Nandrolone decanoate, sold under the brand name Deca-Durabolin among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used primarily in the treatment of anemias and wasting syndromes, as well as osteoporosis in menopausal women. It is given by injection into muscle once every one to four weeks. Side effects of nandrolone decanoate include symptoms of masculinization like acne, increased hair growth, voice changes, and increased sexual desire. The drug is a synthetic androgen and anabolic steroid and hence is an agonist of the androgen receptor (AR), the biological target of androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It has strong anabolic effects and weak androgenic effects, which give it a mild side effect profile and make it especially suitable for use in women. Nandrolone decanoate is a nandrolone ester and a long-lasting prodrug of nandrolone in the body. Nandrolone decanoate was first described in 1960 and was introduced for medical use in 1962. It was ...
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ERGO Nandrolone decanoate 250mg/ml 10 mlDescriptionNandrolone decanoate is clear, pale yellow, oily liquid for Intramuscular administration. Each ml contains 250 mg of Nandrolone Decanoate.PharmacokineticsNandrolone Decanoate is slowly released from the injection site into the blood stream with a half-life of 6 days. The ester is rapidly hydrolyzed to nandrolone in the blood with a half-life of one hour or less. The half-life for the combined process of nandrolone decanoate hydrolysis , distribution and elimination is 4.3 hours. Nandrolone is metabolized by the liver.Indications and UsageOsteoporosis, catabolic states, renal insufficiency to counteract glucocorticoid, suboptimal growth in children, hypoplastic, hemolytic or malignancy associated anaemia, to enhance physical ability in athletes, chronic debilitating diseases especially in elderly patients to correct defective protein metabolism.Dosage and AdministrationNandrolone Decanoate is intramuscular injection only, preferably into the gluteal
Nandrolone decanoate is an injectable form of the anabolic steroid nandrolone.The decanoate ester provides a slow release of nandrolone from the site of injection, lasting for up to three weeks. Nandrolone is very similar to testosterone in structure, although it lacks a carbon atom at the 19th position (hence its other name, 19nortestosterone). Like testosterone, nandrolone exhibits relatively strong anabolic properties. Unlike testosterone, however, its tissue-building activity is accompanied by weak androgenic properties. Much of this has to do with the reduction of nandrolone to a weaker steroid, dihydronandrolone, in the same androgen-responsive target tissues that potentate the action of testosterone (by converting it to DHT). The mild properties of nandrolone decanoate have made it one ofthe most popular injectable steroids worldwide, highly favored by athletes for its ability to promote significant strength and lean muscle mass gains without strong androgenic or estrogenic side ...
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Nandrolone decanoate is a androgenic anabolic steroid (AAS) which targets the satellite cells in skeletal muscles. These cells are considered the stem cells of skeletal muscle, and they are essential for muscle growth and repair. Myostatin is a negative regulator of muscle mass that inhibits myoblast proliferation and differentiation. Recognizing the mechanisms related to AAS action in skeletal muscle is critical for a better understand of muscular physiology under AAS use. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aquatic plyometric training (APT) with overload associated with AAS on the gastrocnemius muscle of rats. Animals were grouped into: sedentary (S); S with AAS (AAS); trained (T); and T with AAS (AAST). Exercised groups performed jumps in water: 4 sets of 10 jumps each and 30-second rest interval between series, for 7 weeks with a progressive overload of 50 to 80% of body weight and were killed after the last exercise session. AAS (5 mg/kg - supraphysiological dose) was injected
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What are anabolic steroids? Anabolic steroids are synthetic variations of the male sex hormone testosterone. The proper term for these compounds is anabolic-androgenic steroids. Anabolic refers to muscle building, and androgenic refers to increased male sex characteristics. Some common names for anabolic steroids are Gear, Juice, Roids, and Stackers.
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Body composition and anthropometry in bodybuilders: Regional changes due to nandrolone decanoate administration. AU - Hartgens, F. AU - Lichtenbelt, W D Van Marken. AU - Ebbing, S. AU - Vollaard, Niels. AU - Rietjens, G. AU - Kuipers, H. PY - 2001. Y1 - 2001. M3 - Article. VL - 22. SP - 235. EP - 241. JO - International Journal of Sports Medicine. JF - International Journal of Sports Medicine. SN - 0172-4622. ER - ...
However, androstanolone is nonetheless described as a very poor anabolic agent.[35] This is attributed to its high affinity as ... "Anabolic Doping Agents". In Mozayani A, Raymon L (eds.). Handbook of Drug Interactions: A Clinical and Forensic Guide. Springer ... Footnotes: a = Ratio of androgenic to anabolic activity. Sources: See template. Androstanolone is a potent agonist of the AR. ... See also: Anabolic steroid § Adverse effects. Adverse effects of androstanolone are similar to those of other AAS and include ...
Metzler M (April 1989). "Metabolism of some anabolic agents: toxicological and analytical aspects". J. Chromatogr. 489 (1): 11- ... List of androgens/anabolic steroids. References[edit]. *^ a b c Liane BJ, Magee C (October 2016). "Guerilla Warfare on the ... is an androgen prohormone as well as metabolite of the anabolic steroid trenbolone.[1][2][3][4][5] Trendione is to trenbolone ... A potent anabolic steroid with reduced androgenic and estrogenic activity". Steroids. 75 (6): 377-89. doi:10.1016/j.steroids. ...
... anabolic agents; diuretics and other masking agents; "street drugs" (the NCAA gives as examples heroin, marijuana, ...
Anabolic Agents , List of Prohibited Substances and Methods". English. Archived from the original on May 27, 2016. Retrieved ... Testosterone is classified as an anabolic agent and is on the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) List of Prohibited Substances and ... and this is primarily responsible for the dissociation of anabolic and androgenic effects with these agents. In addition to DHT ... Taylor WN (2002). Anabolic Steroids and the Athlete (2 ed.). McFarland. p. 180. ISBN 978-0-7864-1128-3. Archived from the ...
... anabolic steroids, alcohol, opioids, efavirenz, alkylating agents, and omeprazole. Certain components of personal care products ... Androgens/anabolic steroids may be effective for gynecomastia. Testosterone itself may not be suitable to treat gynecomastia as ... The use of anabolic steroids and exposure to chemicals that mimic estrogen in cosmetic products, organochlorine pesticides, and ... Nieschlag, E; Vorona, E (August 2015). "MECHANISMS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY: Medical consequences of doping with anabolic androgenic ...
von Deutsch DA, Abukhalaf IK, Lapu-Bula R (2003). "Anabolic Doping Agents". In Mozayani A, Raymon L (eds.). Handbook of Drug ... DHT has been reported to be a very poor anabolic agent when administered exogenously as a medication. In addition to normal ... Llewellyn W (2009). Anabolics. Molecular Nutrition Llc. pp. 19, 163. ISBN 978-0967930473. Chang C (2002). Androgens and ... DHT is available in pharmaceutical formulations for medical use as an androgen or anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS). It is used ...
doi:10.1021/ja01511a040.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) Julius A. Vida (1969). Androgens and Anabolic Agents: ... assays to determine methasterone's anabolic and androgenic activity were published in Vida's Androgens and Anabolic Agents, a ... "potent orally active anabolic agent exhibiting only weak androgenic activity." The results of subsequent ... as anabolic and 20% as androgenic, yielding a Q-ratio (anabolic to androgenic ratio) of 20, which is considered very high. It ...
... a bone anabolic and catabolic agent". Current Opinion in Pharmacology. 5 (6): 612-7. doi:10.1016/j.coph.2005.07.004. PMID ... Martin TJ (Mar 2004). "Does bone reabsorption inhibition affect the anabolic response to parathyroid hormone?". Trends in ...
Poole KE, Reeve J (December 2005). "Parathyroid hormone - a bone anabolic and catabolic agent". Current Opinion in Pharmacology ...
She tested positive for Dehydrochlormethyltestosterone (S1.1 Anabolic agents). In November 2016, she was stripped of her 2012 ...
Poole K, Reeve J (2005). "Parathyroid hormone - a bone anabolic and catabolic agent". Curr Opin Pharmacol 5 (6): 612-7. PMID ... Martin TJ (2004). "Does bone resorption inhibition affect the anabolic response to parathyroid hormone?". Trends Endocrinol. ...
Poole KE, Reeve J (Dec 2005). "Parathyroid hormone - a bone anabolic and catabolic agent". Current Opinion in Pharmacology. 5 ( ... Martin TJ (Mar 2004). "Does bone resorption inhibition affect the anabolic response to parathyroid hormone?". Trends in ...
NADPH is used as a reducing agent in many anabolic reactions. Proton translocating NAD(P)+ transhydrogenase is one of the main ...
For diuretic or masking agent-two regular and/or postseason games. For stimulants or anabolic agent-four regular and/or ... At the conclusion of the survey, researchers found that out of 2552 ex-NFL players, 9.1% self reported using anabolic steroids ... For a prohibited substance plus a diuretic or masking agent/attempt to substitute, dilute or adulterate a specimen/attempt to ... In the U.S., anabolic steroids are currently listed as Schedule III controlled substances under the Controlled Substances Act, ...
Anabolic agents: include the use of anabolic steroids that increase testosterone levels in players. The drug is prohibited as ... A full list of itemised anabolic agents is listed on the ITF website. Peptide hormones: include the use of drugs with amino ... Due to the change on hormones, the use of these agents can also effect athletes metabolism. Diuretics and masking agents: ... "Anabolic Steroids - Fact sheets". www.health.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-09-18. "Overview". ITF Tennis. Retrieved 18 September ...
On February 11, 2020, news surfaced that Prazeres tested positive for anabolic agents in two out-of-competition samples on ... "Michel Prazeres accepts two-year USADA sanction after testing positive for anabolic agent". mmafighting.com. Staff (2021-04-02 ...
The β2 adrenoreceptor has been correlated with anabolic properties and muscular hypertrophy with usage of agents such as oral ... Clenbuterol remains banned not as a beta-agonist, but rather an anabolic agent. Heart muscle contraction Increase cardiac ... As a result, most of these agents are banned by WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency), though some are permissible under a ... Choo JJ, Horan MA, Little RA, Rothwell NJ (July 1992). "Anabolic effects of clenbuterol on skeletal muscle are mediated by beta ...
The IOC said both samples indicated the presence of the anabolic agent metenolone. New Zealand's Valerie Adams was subsequently ...
July 2019). "Ecdysteroids as non-conventional anabolic agent: performance enhancement by ecdysterone supplementation in humans ... July 2019). "Ecdysteroids as non-conventional anabolic agent: performance enhancement by ecdysterone supplementation in humans ... The study was funded by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and demonstrated a significant dose-responsive anabolic effect of ... However, a number of earlier studies (,) supported the anabolic effects of 20-Hydroxyecdysone. A more recent study conducted in ...
The World Anti-Doping Agency lists 7-keto-DHEA as a prohibited anabolic agent. The FDA has proposed that it be banned from use ... 7-Keto-DHEA is reported to be an anabolic androgenic steroid that may be subject to abuse in sport. "The World Anti-Doping Code ...
He claims it was in an anti-baldness treatment; however, the drug is banned as it is a masking agent for anabolic steroids. On ...
Anabolic agents, or Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS), are any of a group of synthetic or natural steroid hormones that builds ... Anabolic agents are abused by athletes in training to increase the size and strength of their muscles. However, the muscle ... Side effects with anabolic agents are very serious and are not to be ignored. Side effects include: acne, nervous tension, ... Examples of anabolic agents are boldenone, clenbuterol, dehydrocholormethyl-testosterone (DHEA), nandrolone, stanozolol, ...
Anabolic agents may have some efficacy but are not often used due to side effects. There are multiple treatments and ...
The compound is listed as a banned anabolic agent by the World Anti-Doping Agency. Chlorodehydromethylandrostenediol ... orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and designer steroid that has been sold on the Internet as a "dietary ...
Like the related drug teriparatide, and unlike bisphosphonates, it is an anabolic (i.e., bone growing) agent. In 2017, it was ... It works as an anabolic agent for the bone, through selective activation of the parathyroid hormone 1 receptor (PTH1R), a G ... The anabolic effects of abaloparatide on bone were demonstrated in two preclinical studies conducted in ovariectomized rats. ... "FDA Approves Radius Health's TYMLOS (abaloparatide), a Bone Building Agent for the Treatment of Postmenopausal Women with ...
The substance was probenecid, a medicine for the kidney and also a masking agent for anabolic steroids. In 1988, every sport ... Delgado tested positive for the known masking agent, probenecid, during the 1988 tour, was allowed to continue racing and was ...
Zhou tested positive to clenbuterol, a Class 1 Anabolic Agent on the WADA Prohibited List of substances. On 27 October 2011, ...
It is classified by the World Anti-Doping Agency as an anabolic agent, not as a β2 agonist. Clenbuterol is prescribed for ... As of 2011, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) listed Clenbuterol as an anabolic agent, despite the fact there is no evidence ... Likewise, Duchaine erred in promoting the drug Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) as an anabolic agent, and served time for the ... The notion that Clenbuterol is an anabolic agent likely originated from author and renowned authority on performance- ...
Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. At ... Anabolic steroids. *Avermectins (e.g., ivermectin). *Barbiturates (e.g., phenobarbital). *Benzodiazepines (e.g., diazepam) ...
Hormonal agents[edit]. In women, the use of combined birth control pills can improve acne.[100] These medications contain an ... Melnik B, Jansen T, Grabbe S (February 2007). "Abuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids and bodybuilding acne: an underestimated ... "Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 63 (1). doi:10.1128/AAC.01297-18. PMC 6325184. PMID 30397052.. ... Hassoun LA, Chahal DS, Sivamani RK, Larsen LN (June 2016). "The use of hormonal agents in the treatment of acne". Seminars in ...
List of androgens/anabolic steroids available in the United States. References[edit]. *^ Sriram. "Steroids". Medicinal ... Prostate cancer may be treated by removing the major source of testosterone: testicle removal (orchiectomy); or agents which ... Main article: Anabolic steroid § Medical. Aa low testosterone level (hypogonadism) in men may be treated with testosterone ...
It was widely used, but has largely been abandoned for this indication in favor of newer agents with improved safety profiles ... Anabolic-androgenic steroid. *Androgen insensitivity syndrome. *Antiandrogens in the environment. *Selective androgen receptor ... See also: Acne vulgaris § Hormonal agents, Seborrhoeic dermatitis § Antiandrogens, and Hirsutism § Medications ... current status and future directions for agent development". Urology. 58 (2 Suppl 1): 83-90. doi:10.1016/s0090-4295(01)01247-x ...
Sedative actions of benzodiazepines limit their usefulness as analgesic agents and they are therefore generally not considered ... Certain anabolic-androgenic steroids. *Cholesterol. *DHDOC. *3α-DHP. *5α-DHP ...
List of investigational hormonal agents § Estrogenics. References[edit]. *^ Gauthier, S; Cloutier, J; Dory, YL; Favre, A; ... Anabolic steroids (e.g., testosterone and esters, methyltestosterone, metandienone (methandrostenolone), nandrolone and esters ... Androgens/anabolic steroids (e.g., testosterone, testosterone esters, nandrolone esters, oxandrolone, fluoxymesterone) ... Certain androgens/anabolic steroids (e.g., testosterone, testosterone esters, methyltestosterone, metandienone, nandrolone ...
See also: Anabolic-androgenic steroids abuse § Childhood trauma. Yohimbine has been studied as a way to improve the effects of ... nor did it confirm that its use can increase the endogenous level of anabolic steroids, in particular of 19-norandrostenedione ...
Sex steroid agonists (via negative feedback on the HPG axis): Androgens/anabolic steroids (e.g., testosterone, nandrolone ... The agents nafarelin and triptorelin are agonists with single substitutions at position 6. ... Cryptorchidism; Delayed puberty; Diagnostic agent (pituitary disorders); Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism; Veterinary medicine ( ... endometrial thinning agent); Uterine fibroids; Uterine hemorrhage. Implant. 1989. 400,000 ...
Synthetic androgens are often referred to as anabolic steroids. Synthetic estrogens and progestins are used in methods of ... List of investigational hormonal agents. *Sexual motivation and hormones. *Sex hormone therapy ...
1990 The Anabolic Steroids Act, passed as part of the Crime Control Act of 1990, which placed anabolic steroids into Schedule ... Drug enforcement administration agents inspect packages for illegal drug shipments at an international mail facility in New ... Anabolic steroids (including prohormones such as androstenedione); the specific end molecule testosterone in many of its forms ... Exempt Anabolic Steroids (21 CFR § 1308.33 and 21 CFR § 1308.34) 05 February 2015 Drug Enforcement Administration Office of ...
antifungal, alkalinizing agents, quinolones, antibiotics, cholinergics, anticholinergics, antispasmodics, 5-alpha reductase ... anabolic drugs, haematopoietic drugs, food product drugs ... In the inter-war period, the first anti-bacterial agents such ... These were drugs that worked chiefly as anti-anxiety agents and muscle relaxants. The first benzodiazepine was Librium. Three ... HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) for lowering LDL cholesterol inhibitors: hypolipidaemic agents. ...
Cannabinoids are used in patients with cachexia, cytotoxic nausea, and vomiting, or who are unresponsive to other agents. These ...
Heels can also be other characters held in low esteem by the public such as a repossession agent (a role played by Barry Darsow ... In addition, when WWF top officials and employees were facing allegations of anabolic steroid abuse and sexual harassment ...
Certain anabolic-androgenic steroids. *Cholesterol. *DHDOC. *3α-DHP. *5α-DHP ...
Psychotropic agents[edit]. Other psychotropic analgesic agents include ketamine (an NMDA receptor antagonist), clonidine and ... Unselective agents Aceclofenac. Comes in betadex salt and free acid forms; practically insoluble in water, soluble in many ... Other agents directly potentiate the effects of analgesics, such as using hydroxyzine, promethazine, carisoprodol, or ... When choosing analgesics, the severity and response to other medication determines the choice of agent; the World Health ...
It may be used as a nasal/sinus decongestant, as a stimulant,[119] or as a wakefulness-promoting agent.[120] ... Tashkin, D. P. (1 March 2001). "Airway effects of marijuana, cocaine, and other inhaled illicit agents". Current Opinion in ... and anorectic agent.[112] It is commonly used in prescription and over-the-counter cough and cold preparations. In veterinary ... Anabolic steroid legality. *Cannabis legality *Annual use. *Lifetime use. *Cigarette consumption. *Cocaine legality *Cocaine ...
... is also being studied as a potential antiviral agent against the viruses chikungunya and yellow fever.[66] ... Thadanipon K, Anothaisintawee T, Rattanasiri S, Thakkinstian A, Attia J (2019). "Efficacy and safety of antiscabietic agents: A ... Certain anabolic-androgenic steroids. *Cholesterol. *DHDOC. *3α-DHP. *5α-DHP ...
An example of a niche use is as an anesthetic agent (in an 85% ethylene/15% oxygen ratio).[15] It can also be used to hasten ... Certain anabolic-androgenic steroids. *Cholesterol. *DHDOC. *3α-DHP. *5α-DHP ...
Available agents[edit]. Main article: List of antineoplastic agents. There is an extensive list of antineoplastic agents. ... Alkylating agents[edit]. Main article: Alkylating antineoplastic agent. Alkylating agents are the oldest group of ... Siddik ZH (2005). Mechanisms of Action of Cancer Chemotherapeutic Agents: DNA-Interactive Alkylating Agents and Antitumour ... Anti-microtubule agents[edit]. Vinca alkaloids prevent the assembly of microtubules, whereas taxanes prevent their disassembly ...
List of agents[edit]. Adrenaline releasing agents[edit]. Main article: Norepinephrine releasing agent ... 3 List of agents *3.1 Adrenaline releasing agents *3.1.1 Common or widely marketed ... since these agents lose effectiveness after a few days. ... Anabolic steroids. *Anti-inflammatories *NSAIDs. * ...
anabolic steroids. *antacids. *diarrhoea and infection. *bile and liver. *functional gastrointestinal disorders ...
For example, abnormal hormonal responses to challenges with serotonergic agents have been observed during acute illness, but ... of boys in grade nine used anabolic steroids.[41] Anorexic men are sometimes referred to as manorexic.[132] ...
The use of hormonal agents in the treatment of acne»։ Semin Cutan Med Surg 35 (2): 68-73։ June 2016։ PMID 27416311։ doi: ... Melnik B, Jansen T, Grabbe S (February 2007)։ «Abuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids and bodybuilding acne: An underestimated ... 135,0 135,1 Brandt Staci (May 2013)։ «The clinical effects of zinc as a topical or oral agent on the clinical response and ... International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents (Review) 45 (2): 106-10։ PMID 25465857։ doi:10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2014.10.011 ...
Another controversial investigation was one into the use of anabolic steroids by players in Major League Baseball.[18] The ... a leak of classified or secret information naming Central Intelligence Agency agent Valerie Plame, abuses and war crimes traced ...
Others: Anabolic-androgenic steroids (e.g., nandrolone and esters, trenbolone and esters, ethylestrenol, norethandrolone, ... See also: Sex-hormonal agent and List of sex-hormonal medications available in the United States ... Androgens/anabolic steroids (e.g., testosterone, testosterone esters, nandrolone esters, oxandrolone, fluoxymesterone) ... Certain androgens/anabolic steroids (e.g., testosterone, testosterone esters, methyltestosterone, metandienone, nandrolone ...
Brown GA, Vukovich MD, Reifenrath TA, Uhl NL, Parsons KA, Sharp RL, King DS (2000). "Effects of anabolic precursors on serum ... were introduced into the United States as biocontrol agents in 1961. Both species of weevils are available for purchase from ... Sep 2000). "Effects of anabolic precursors on serum testosterone concentrations and adaptations to resistance training in young ... a finding indicating that the purported anabolic steroid effects of Tribulus terrestris are untrue. ...
International Agency for Research on Cancer; World Health Organization (2001). Some Thyrotropic Agents. World Health ... Sica DA (2005). "Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of mineralocorticoid blocking agents and their effects on potassium ...
There is evidence that it is a serotonin releasing agent and possibly even a serotonin reuptake inhibitor.[29][30][31] ... It is used in schizophrenia along with other medications and as a second-line agent in bipolar disorder.[3][1] Carbamazepine ... Certain anabolic-androgenic steroids. *Cholesterol. *DHDOC. *3α-DHP. *5α-DHP ...
Others: Anabolic-androgenic steroids (e.g., nandrolone and esters, trenbolone and esters, ethylestrenol, norethandrolone, ... van Vloten WA, Sigurdsson V (2004). "Selecting an oral contraceptive agent for the treatment of acne in women". Am J Clin ... Anabolic steroids (e.g., testosterone and esters, methyltestosterone, metandienone (methandrostenolone), nandrolone and esters ... Androgens/anabolic steroids (e.g., testosterone, testosterone esters, nandrolone esters, oxandrolone, fluoxymesterone) ...
Venoocclusive disease: Chemotherapeutic agents, bush tea. Peliosis hepatis: Anabolic steroids. Hepatic vein thrombosis: Oral ... Vinyl chloride, combined oral contraceptive pill, anabolic steroid, arsenic, thorotrast. Diagnosis[edit]. ... Other chemical agents, such as those used in laboratories and industries, natural chemicals (e.g., microcystins) and herbal ... Anabolic steroid. Chlorpromazine. Clopidogrel. Erythromycin. Hormonal contraception. Amitriptyline,. Enalapril. Carbamazepine. ...
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10 Curated Medical Research astracts associated with Anabolic Agents. FRIEND membership. $8 / month $75 / year FRIEND USER get ... Pharmacological Actions : Anabolic Agents : CK(44) : AC(11), Matrix Metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) Inhibitor : CK(23) : AC(11) ... PRO MEMBERS get Unlimited Access to downloadable documents like this, with curated research on Anabolic Agents. ... Some Example Abstracts on Anabolic Agents. Resistance exercise and training results in the secretion of testosterone. ...
Anabolic Agents: These compounds stimulate anabolism and inhibit catabolism. They stimulate the development of muscle mass, ... Anabolic Agents. Subscribe to New Research on Anabolic Agents These compounds stimulate anabolism and inhibit catabolism. They ... 04/01/1998 - "The addition of anabolic agents in burn care and nutrition may be of importance. ". 09/01/1999 - "Anabolic agents ... to improve available agents to stimulate bone formation, and to identify potential new anabolic agents for osteoporosis.". 11/ ...
Progestational and anabolic-androgenic compounds may have extensive effects upon plasma triglycerides, triglyceride clearing ... Effects of anabolic and progestational agents upon triglycerides and triglyceride kinetics in normals and hyperlipemic patients ... Progestational and anabolic-androgenic compounds may have extensive effects upon plasma triglycerides, triglyceride clearing ...
Anabolic Agents - Testromax 90T Testromax improves Testosterone Levels and Muscle Gain* Massive Strength and Energy* Rapid ...
Recent studies suggest that the anabolic effect of ecdysterone, a naturally occurring steroid hormone claimed to enhance ... Parr MK, Botre F, Nass A, Hengevoss J, Diel P, Wolber G (2015a) Ecdysteroids: A novel class of anabolic agents? Biol Sport 32(2 ... Isenmann, E., Ambrosio, G., Joseph, J.F. et al. Ecdysteroids as non-conventional anabolic agent: performance enhancement by ... In comparison with the prohibited anabolic agents (e.g., metandienone and others), ecdysterone revealed to be even more ...
Antihypertensive agents. Class Summary. These products are used to control hypertension and to ultimately prevent complications ... These agents are the primary treatment for short stature. They stimulate growth of linear bone, skeletal muscle, and organs. ... Anabolic steroids. Class Summary. This is an adjuvant for growth hormone therapy. ...
Anabolic Agents - Sugar Balance 180C SugarBalance takes a two-pronged approach to weight loss. First, it supports balance... ...
Treatment with an anabolic agent is associated with improvement in respiratory function in persons with tetraplegia: a pilot ... Anabolic steroids have been used to increase muscle mass and improve muscle performance. Oxandrolone, an anabolic steroid, may ... due to the adverse complications associated with this class of agents. ...
Age-associated sarcopenia--issues in the use of testosterone as an anabolic agent in older men.. Bhasin S, Tenover JS. ...
Adrenergic Agents. Neurotransmitter Agents. Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action. Anti-Arrhythmia Agents. ... Assessment of the Treatment of Severely Burned With Anabolic Agents on Clinical Outcomes, Recovery and Rehabilitation. The ... Anabolic Agents. Propranolol. Metoprolol. Hydroxyitraconazole. Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists. ... Assessment of the Treatment of the Severely Burned With Anabolic Agents on Clinical Outcomes, Recovery and Rehabilitation. ...
Home › News › Clinical Trials › Radius Investigational Bone Anabolic Agent, BA058, Increased Bone Mineral Density (BMD) at Key ... Radius Investigational Bone Anabolic Agent, BA058, Increased Bone Mineral Density (BMD) at Key Fracture Sites in Phase 2 ... Forteo(R), a form of parathyroid hormone, is the only anabolic (bone-building) agent approved for marketing by the U.S. Food ... The studys co-primary endpoints were change from baseline in lumbar spine BMD and changes in anabolic bone markers. BMD is a ...
In comparison with the prohibited anabolic agents (e.g., metandienone and others), ecdysterone revealed to be … ... Recent studies suggest that the anabolic effect of ecdysterone, a naturally occurring steroid hormone claimed to enhance ... Ecdysteroids as non-conventional anabolic agent: performance enhancement by ecdysterone supplementation in humans Arch Toxicol ... In comparison with the prohibited anabolic agents (e.g., metandienone and others), ecdysterone revealed to be even more ...
... comprising any or all of anabolic, anti-catabolic, anti-oxidant and analgesic agents, including aminosugars, S- ... two anabolic agents (e.g., AA and glucosamine); an anabolic agent and an anti-catabolic agent (e.g., AA and pentosan); an anti- ... Use of anabolic agents, anti-catabolic agents, antioxidant agents and analgesics for protection, treatment and repair of ... Use of anabolic agents, anti-catabolic agents, antioxidant agents and analgesics for protection, treatment and repair of ...
... Suvannasankha, Attaya ; Chirgwin, John M. ... Agents with both anti-tumor and bone-anabolic actions have been tested in the setting of multiple myeloma, a hematological ... Role of bone-anabolic agents in the treatment of breast cancer bone metastases. Login ... Cite As: Suvannasankha, A., & Chirgwin, J. M. (2014). Role of bone-anabolic agents in the treatment of breast cancer bone ...
Anabolic agents increased carcass (p=0.002) and muscle weights (Vastus Lateralis: p,0.001; Semitendinosus: p=0.075). Skeletal ... We aimed to identify novel molecular mechanisms for muscle growth during administration of anabolic agents. Growing pigs (Duroc ... and serine biosynthetic pathway genes are co-ordinately increased during anabolic agent-induced skeletal muscle growth ... and serine biosynthetic pathway genes are co-ordinately increased during anabolic agent-induced skeletal muscle growth. ...
Rights & permissionsfor article Anabolic Agents and Histamine Metabolism . Opens in a new window. ...
Anabolic Agents for Osteoporosis: Journal of the Endocrine Society. (2018). "Osteoanabolic Agents for Osteoporosis." ncbi.nlm. ... Anabolic agents are limited to one or two years use (depending on the drug) due to potentially serious side effects. The drug ... Anabolic agents are all administered through injections, including:. * Evenity (romosozumab-aqqg), given once a month for up to ... Anabolic Agents. These drugs help build up your bones, so theyre less likely to break. Their function is to activate ...
Anabolic Agents. *Forteo (Teriparatide) (20 mcg/day by injection). *Additional potential benefits: none unless high risk of ...
Somavert is used for the treatment of acromegaly, which arises from excessive IGF-1 levels. Somavert selectively binds to growth hormone (GH) receptors on cell surfaces, where it blocks the binding of endogenous GH, and thus interferes with GH signal transduction. Inhibition of GH action results in decreased serum concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3). This reduces the symptoms of acromegaly ...
Octreotide exerts pharmacologic actions similar to the natural hormone, somatostatin. It is an even more potent inhibitor of growth hormone, glucagon, and insulin than somatostatin. Like somatostatin, it also suppresses leuteinizing hormone (LH) response to GnRH, decreases splanchnic blood flow, and inhibits release of serotonin, gastrin, vasoactive intestinal peptide, secretin, motilin, and pancreatic polypeptide. Octreotide has been used to treat the symptoms associated with metastatic carcinoid tumors (flushing and diarrhea), and Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP) secreting adenomas (watery diarrhea). Octreotide substantially reduces and in many cases can normalize growth hormone and/or IGF-1 (somatomedin C) levels in patients with acromegaly ...
Click here to see pre-clinical animal studies that show how abaloparatide improves bone strength. See Warning and Important Safety
ANABOLIC AGENTS. Two groups of drugs fall into the category, the anabolic androgenic steroids and the beta-2-agonists. ... anabolic effect). Manufacturers of anabolic steroids aim to minimise the androgenic and maximise the anabolic effects. They ... Beta-2 agonists are not anabolic steroids, however they do have potent anabolic effects, Drugs such as salbutamol and ... Anabolic androgenic steroids. Anabolic steroids include nandrolone, oxandrolone, stanozolol, testosterone, metenolone, ...
Anabolic Agents. Insulin promotes anabolism as well as lowering blood sugar. Proteolysis is higher in patients with CF than ... Until more data become available that show the benefits outweigh the risks, anabolic agents cannot be recommended for routine ... Patients with excessive bloating may benefit from the addition of pro-kinetic agents or use of a semi-elemental formula. ... controls, but those with CF exhibit resistance to the anabolic effects of insulin (104). Insulin therapy improves weight in ...
Anabolic agents. There are a number of drugs that are used in an attempt to increase lean muscle mass. Of these, the most well ... Other growth factors are commonly used in between courses of anabolic agent use and these include human chorionic gonadotropin ... Second, this review focuses on anabolic agents and stimulants. According to WADAs adverse analytical findings report from 2010 ... In addition to AS there are non-steroid agents that are used in an attempt to generate the same anabolic effects. These include ...
Anabolic agents in animal production : FAO/WHO Symposium, Rome, March 1975 / guest editors, Frank C. Lu and Jan Rendel ; ... Anabolic agents -- pharmacology -- congresses , Food additives -- congressesNLM classification: SF 95 Tags from this library: ... FAO/WHO Symposium on Anabolic Agents in Animal Production Rome, Italy) (1975 : Material type: BookSeries: Environmental quality ...
Anabolic agents in animal production : FAO/WHO Symposium, Rome, March 1975 / guest editors, Frank C. Lu and Jan Rendel ; ... Regional Office for Europe , Working Group on the Health Aspects of Residues of Anabolic Agents in Meat Bilthoven, Netherlands) ... FAO/WHO Symposium on Anabolic Agents in Animal Production Rome, Italy) (1975 : ... Health aspects of residues of anabolics in meat : report on a WHO working group, Bilthoven, 10-13 November 1981. by World ...
... as the strongest anabolic available on the market. How it Works - What to Expect: TREN-BAL is a premium anabolic formula that ... active ingredients anabolic effects anabolic properties anabolic steroid anabolic steroid Nandrolone anabolic steroids Anadrol ... TRENBALONE T-BAL 75 CUTTING & BULKING AGENT. May 7, 2015. May 8, 2015. alliekirk1 anabolic effects, anabolic steroid, free ... Produce fast-acting anabolic results. Fast Muscle Gains. Trenbolone is Universally known as the strongest Anabolic available on ...
... +. ... Review Use of doping agents, particularly anabolic steroids, in sports and society Folke Sjöqvist, Mats Garle, Anders Rane ... Anabolic steroid use by male and female middle school students. Pediatrics 1998; 101: E6. Brower KJ. Anabolic steroid abuse and ... of US high-school students have tried growth hormone as an anabolic agent.30 www.thelancet.com Vol 371 May 31, 2008 Table 1: ...
Anabolic Agents. Parathyroid hormone peptides. Fujita et al report the results of a randomized, double-blind trial of 28.2 µg ... This study provides compelling evidence that SrRan is not an anabolic agent and indeed, it does not really have substantive ... The study makes the important point that this potent agent is likely to be effective at lower doses. There is evidence that a ... ALN because SrRan does not suppress surface level remodeling, alendronate does because it is a classic antiresorptive agent. ...
  • Bathori M, Toth N, Hunyadi A, Marki A, Zador E (2008) Phytoecdysteroids and anabolic-androgenic steroids-structure and effects on humans. (springer.com)
  • Anabolic steroids have been used to increase muscle mass and improve muscle performance. (nih.gov)
  • Two groups of drugs fall into the category, the anabolic androgenic steroids and the beta-2-agonists. (sports-drugs.com)
  • Over 100 different anabolic steroids are available. (sports-drugs.com)
  • Manufacturers of anabolic steroids aim to minimise the androgenic and maximise the anabolic effects. (sports-drugs.com)
  • Anabolic steroids are known as 'training drugs' as they are often taken during training prior to competition and then stopped for several weeks before a competition to reduce the likelihood of positive testing. (sports-drugs.com)
  • Beta-2 agonists are not anabolic steroids, however they do have potent anabolic effects, Drugs such as salbutamol and clenbuterol, when taken orally, increase muscle mass improving muscular strength. (sports-drugs.com)
  • Further, we delimit our discussion to the CV consequences of anabolic steroids and stimulant (including amphetamines and cocaine) use. (bmj.com)
  • Physiotherapy, Nutritional Supplement and Anabolic Steroids in Rehabilitation of Patients With Hip Fracture. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Preliminary Effect and Safety of Physiotherapy With Strength Training and Protein-rich Nutritional Supplement in Combination With Anabolic Steroids in Cross-continuum Rehabilitation of Patients With Hip Fracture - a Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Over the past decades, research on doping agents, such as anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), has revealed that these compounds are often used in combination with other drugs of abuse. (nih.gov)
  • Ergogenic drugs that are commonly used by youths today include anabolic-androgenic steroids, steroid precursors (androstenedione and dehydroepiandrosterone), growth hormone, creatine, and ephedra alkaloids. (aappublications.org)
  • Anabolic steroids and creatine do offer potential gains in body mass and strength but risk adverse effects to multiple organ systems. (aappublications.org)
  • 1 Furthermore, up to one third of high school students who use anabolic steroids are in the population of nonathletes who use steroids to improve their appearance. (aappublications.org)
  • We performed a forensic evaluation of a 16-year-old boy convicted of murdering his 14-year-old girlfriend while he was taking anabolic steroids. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Taking Anabolic Steroids 101! (elitefitness.com)
  • within the Anabolic Steroids category. (elitefitness.com)
  • In the US, Stanozolol (stanozolol systemic) is a member of the drug class androgens and anabolic steroids and is used to treat Angioedema and Hereditary Angioedema . (drugs.com)
  • On November 29, 1990, the President signed into law the Anabolic Steroids Control Act of 1990 (Title XIX of Pub. (usdoj.gov)
  • This law established and regulated anabolic steroids as a class of drugs under Schedule III of the CSA. (usdoj.gov)
  • This Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) proposes to classify the following three steroids as 'anabolic steroids' under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA): boldione, desoxymethyltestosterone, and 19-nor-4,9(10)-androstadienedione. (usdoj.gov)
  • The androgenic anabolic steroids (AAS) are a group of testosterone derived substances classically indicated for hypogonadism and protein deficiency 1 . (scielo.br)
  • However, athletes try to promote muscle growth by manipulating testosterone levels or assuming androgen anabolic steroids (AAS). (frontiersin.org)
  • Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are synthetic compounds derived from testosterone, which is the main male hormone. (frontiersin.org)
  • The idea of designing and developing steroids with anabolic properties arose during the 1930s soon after the identification and isolation of the hormone androsterone by the German investigator Butenandt, who collected this compound from thousands of liters of pooled human urine derived from a number of military service volunteers. (frontiersin.org)
  • One of the anabolic steroids in conjunction with exercise and dietary counseling should help. (thebody.com)
  • Forteo(R), a form of parathyroid hormone, is the only anabolic (bone-building) agent approved for marketing by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of osteoporosis in women and men at high risk of fracture. (drugs.com)
  • Drugs with limited anti-tumor activity but which are anabolic for bone include intermittent parathyroid hormone and antibodies that neutralize the WNT inhibitors DKK1 and sclerostin, as well as the activin A blocker sotatercept and the osteoporosis drug strontium ranelate. (iupui.edu)
  • The systemic agents used include the administration of parathyroid hormone 18 , bisphosphonates 19 , strontium ranelate 20 , and raloxifene 21 . (scielo.br)
  • Insulin is one of the body's most anabolic muscle-building hormones. (bodybuilding.com)
  • [1] The medication is a naturally occurring androgen and anabolic steroid and hence is an agonist of the androgen receptor (AR), the biological target of androgens like testosterone and DHT. (wikipedia.org)
  • As antiresorptive agents do not restore microstructural deterioration existing at the time of starting treatment, under some circumstances, anabolic therapy may be more appropriate first line treatment. (frontiersin.org)
  • Combining antiresorptive and anabolic therapy is an alternative but whether anti-fracture efficacy is greater than that achieved by either treatment alone is not known. (frontiersin.org)
  • These substances were originally synthesized to obtain anabolic effects greater than testosterone. (frontiersin.org)
  • Progestational and anabolic-androgenic compounds may have extensive effects upon plasma triglycerides, triglyceride clearing enzymes, and upon mechanisms of triglyceride clearing from the plasma. (springer.com)
  • Oxandrolone, an anabolic steroid, may have beneficial effects on breathing in persons with tetraplegia. (nih.gov)
  • However, long-term use of oxandrolone may not be indicated, due to the adverse complications associated with this class of agents. (nih.gov)
  • Various agents are assessed for effectiveness on long term burn outcome, such as growth hormone, oxandrolone, propranolol,ketoconazole, inhospital exercise and home exercise. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This review discusses the future role of bone-anabolic agents for the specific treatment of osteolytic breast cancer metastases. (iupui.edu)
  • Agents with both anti-tumor and bone-anabolic actions have been tested in the setting of multiple myeloma, a hematological malignancy that causes severe osteolytic bone loss and suppression of osteoblastic new bone formation. (iupui.edu)
  • This review provides an overview of agents with bone-anabolic properties, which may have utility in the treatment of breast cancer metastatic to the skeleton. (iupui.edu)
  • Assessment of Bone Quality in Osteoporosis Treatment with Bone Anabolic Agents: Really Something New? (benthamscience.com)
  • What are some potential side effects of anabolic steroid abuse? (usada.org)
  • Some physiological and psychological side effects of anabolic steroid abuse have potential to impact any user, while other side effects are gender specific. (usada.org)
  • Agents that are administered in association with anesthetics to increase effectiveness, improve delivery, or decrease required dosage. (nih.gov)
  • In fact, the effectiveness of leucine as an anabolic signal activator has been tested and proven by some of the world's most renowned universities. (bodybuilding.com)
  • In addition to early detection, patient education, exercise, and nutritional supplementation, multiple therapeutic agents should be implemented early in an attempt to prevent initial and subsequent fractures. (jaoa.org)
  • Recent studies suggest that the anabolic effect of ecdysterone, a naturally occurring steroid hormone claimed to enhance physical performance, is mediated by estrogen receptor (ER) binding. (springer.com)
  • Trenbolone is the, bulking agent, product that will allow you to pack on 10-15lbs of lean muscle in 30 days as it is nearly 5 times as potent as testosterone in its anabolic effects. (wordpress.com)
  • The results of this study affirm BA058's safety and bone-building activity and support its promise as a next-generation anabolic treatment for osteoporosis," said C. Richard Lyttle, PhD, President and CEO of Radius. (drugs.com)
  • Anabolic agents represent a novel approach to improving bone quality in people with osteoporosis. (nature.com)
  • This Review discusses anabolic agents in relation to other therapeutic options for osteoporosis to help guide their clinical application in the future. (nature.com)
  • 1-androsterone (3α-hydroxy-5α-androst-1‑ene‑17-one) was added in S1.a as an example of exogenous anabolic steroid. (fina.org)
  • Alkylating agents are used to treat cancer because they interfere with cell metabolism and growth. (tabers.com)
  • Resveratrols anabolic effects on degenerated discs indicate that it is a promising candidate for treatment of degenerative disc disease. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • As a Type 1 diabetic, Hall is an authority on insulin, a hormone that is prohibited in all Olympic sports because it has anabolic (muscle-building) effects. (nydailynews.com)
  • Hall is aware that bodybuilders and others have discovered the anabolic effects of insulin, but he quickly dismisses this notion as absurd in the face of the constant work he needs to do just to manage his disease. (nydailynews.com)
  • The binding of testosterone to androgen receptors has anabolic and androgenic effects. (frontiersin.org)
  • Human growth hormone (HGH), a particularly expensive drug, is also thought to have an anabolic effect. (sports-drugs.com)
  • Testosterone and human growth hormone (hGH) are anabolic agents. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Most of the AAS used before the 1990s were pharmacological agents approved for medicinal or veterinary use. (frontiersin.org)
  • Sulfonylureas are known as insulinotropic agents, insulin releaser agents, or secretogogues because they stimulate the pancreas to secrete insulin. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Find out why anabolic agent L-leucine rises above the rest for bodybuilders! (bodybuilding.com)
  • Find out why L-leucine rises above the rest and is considered to be one of the best anabolic agents for bodybuilders! (bodybuilding.com)
  • Being anabolic is vital for building insanely dense muscle and the following will outline why the underestimated amino-acid, L-leucine, rises above the rest and is considered to be one of the best anabolic agents for bodybuilders! (bodybuilding.com)
  • Double your power when stacked with D-Bal Trenbalone (Trenbolone) is an ultra, enhanced, formula created for immediate results and known, universally, as the strongest anabolic available on the market. (wordpress.com)
  • Trenbolone is Universally known as the strongest Anabolic available on the market. (wordpress.com)
  • nickname Trenavar ), also known as estra-4,9,11-triene-3,17-dione , is an androgen prohormone as well as metabolite of the anabolic steroid trenbolone . (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment with an anabolic agent is associated with improvement in respiratory function in persons with tetraplegia: a pilot study. (nih.gov)
  • These agents are the primary treatment for short stature. (medscape.com)
  • These agents are used for treatment of hypothyroidism. (medscape.com)
  • Androstanolone , or stanolone , also known as dihydrotestosterone ( DHT ) and sold under the brand name Andractim among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication and hormone which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men. (wikipedia.org)
  • Testosterone enanthate, sold under the brand name Delatestryl among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men. (chemchart.com)
  • A-Bomb Targets Numerous Anabolic/Anti-Catabolic Pathways to Initiate Muscle Growth! (illpumpyouup.com)
  • These agents stimulate the growth or manufacture of body tissues. (tabers.com)
  • any such agent (like mustard gas) used in chemical warfare. (tabers.com)
  • Any chemical, biological, radiologic, nuclear, or explosive agent that may be used as a weapon in military or terrorist activities. (tabers.com)
  • A pesticide or chemical agent that kills mites and ticks. (nih.gov)
  • Inconsistencies in the definition of cachexia have limited the epidemiological characterisation of the condition and there has been slow progress in identifying therapeutic agents and trialling them in the clinical setting. (hindawi.com)
  • In comparison with the prohibited anabolic agents (e.g., metandienone and others), ecdysterone revealed to be even more effective in a recent study performed in rats. (springer.com)
  • Evaluation, biopsy and medical therapy, including metabolic agents and bio targeting. (springer.com)
  • Agents from this class are used to treat hypertension, prostatic hyperplasia and kidney stones. (tabers.com)
  • Oral turinabol is in the class of anabolic agents. (crossfit.com)
  • Stanozolol is in the class of anabolic agents. (crossfit.com)
  • Pharmaceutical compositions, including unit dosage forms, comprising fine particle abiraterone acetate with or without an antioxidant and or a sequestering agent as well as methods for producing. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Proteasome inhibitors (bortezomib and carfilzomib) inhibit the growth of myeloma directly and are anabolic for bone. (iupui.edu)
  • Furthermore, the administered supplement has been tested for the absence of anabolic steroid contaminations prior to administration. (springer.com)
  • 2) long term administration of anabolic agents. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Recent results from the Breast cancer trials of Oral Everolimus-2 trial suggest that agents such as the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor everolimus may have efficacy against breast cancer bone metastases in part via stimulating osteoblasts as well as by inhibiting tumor growth. (iupui.edu)
  • Transforming growth factor-beta inhibitors have little tumor antiproliferative activity but block breast cancer production of osteolytic factors and are also anabolic for bone. (iupui.edu)
  • TREN-BAL is a premium anabolic formula that releases extensive amounts of free testosterone and increases nitrogen retention for serious gains in muscle mass. (wordpress.com)
  • This inhaled anticholinergic agent has a duration of effect longer than 24 hours, and so can be taken once daily. (mja.com.au)
  • Testosterone is responsible for stimulating development of male sexual characteristics (androgenic effect) and the build up of muscle tissue (anabolic effect). (sports-drugs.com)
  • Your search for the best Natural Muscle Building Agents are ï¬ nally over. (psychosisprevention.org)
  • So Click the Add to Cart button and try Muscle Building Agents for yourself today at no risk. (psychosisprevention.org)
  • Anabolics: The Hardcore Truth & Leucine's Muscle-Building Potential Explained! (bodybuilding.com)
  • You have to be anabolic to build muscle. (bodybuilding.com)
  • As a bodybuilder, you have to realize that you can train all you want but if you're not anabolic, you simply won't build up the skin-splitting muscle you hunger for! (bodybuilding.com)
  • Innovative Anabolic - Advanced Muscle Builder! (illpumpyouup.com)