Anabaena: A genus of CYANOBACTERIA consisting of trichomes that are untapered with conspicuous constrictions at cross-walls. A firm individual sheath is absent, but a soft covering is often present. Many species are known worldwide as major components of freshwater PLANKTON and also of many saline lakes. The species ANABAENA FLOS-AQUAE is responsible for acute poisonings of various animals.Lonicera: A plant genus of the family CAPRIFOLIACEAE. Members contain iridoid glucosides.Carthamus: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE.Chrysanthemum: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common names of daisy or marguerite are easily confused with other plants. Some species in this genus have been reclassified to TANACETUM.Anabaena variabilis: A species of ANABAENA that can form SPORES called akinetes.Chlorogenic Acid: A naturally occurring phenolic acid which is a carcinogenic inhibitor. It has also been shown to prevent paraquat-induced oxidative stress in rats. (From J Chromatogr A 1996;741(2):223-31; Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 1996;60(5):765-68).Cyanobacteria: A phylum of oxygenic photosynthetic bacteria comprised of unicellular to multicellular bacteria possessing CHLOROPHYLL a and carrying out oxygenic PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Cyanobacteria are the only known organisms capable of fixing both CARBON DIOXIDE (in the presence of light) and NITROGEN. Cell morphology can include nitrogen-fixing heterocysts and/or resting cells called akinetes. Formerly called blue-green algae, cyanobacteria were traditionally treated as ALGAE.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.Forsythia: A plant genus of the family OLEACEAE. Members contain suspensaside.Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Fumigation: The application of smoke, vapor, or gas for the purpose of disinfecting or destroying pests or microorganisms.Pueraria: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE a common weed of the southeast US. There has been folk use for alcoholism and liver protection. It contains puerarin, kakkalide, daidzein (isoflavonoids), and kudzusaponins (oleanene-type triterpene glycosides).Butylene Glycols: 4-carbon straight chain aliphatic hydrocarbons substituted with two hydroxyl groups. The hydroxyl groups cannot be on the same carbon atom.Anabaena flos-aquae: A species in the genus ANABAENA containing gas vacuoles that gives buoyancy to the organism. It can form extensive blooms in FRESH WATER and is responsible for acute poisonings of various animals.Abelmoschus: A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE, order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae best known for okra.Pentanes: Five-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives.Nitrogen Fixation: The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Glycols: A generic grouping for dihydric alcohols with the hydroxy groups (-OH) located on different carbon atoms. They are viscous liquids with high boiling points for their molecular weights.Tissue Array Analysis: The simultaneous analysis of multiple samples of TISSUES or CELLS from BIOPSY or in vitro culture that have been arranged in an array format on slides or microchips.Sodium Oxybate: The sodium salt of 4-hydroxybutyric acid. It is used for both induction and maintenance of ANESTHESIA.Racemases and Epimerases: Enzymes that catalyze inversion of the configuration around an asymmetric carbon in a substrate having one (racemase) or more (epimerase) center(s) of asymmetry. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 5.1.Nitrogenase: An enzyme system that catalyzes the fixing of nitrogen in soil bacteria and blue-green algae (CYANOBACTERIA). EC 1.18.6.1.Anabaena cylindrica: A species in the genus ANABAENA whose trichomes are composed of cylindrical cells.AcetyleneProtein Array Analysis: Ligand-binding assays that measure protein-protein, protein-small molecule, or protein-nucleic acid interactions using a very large set of capturing molecules, i.e., those attached separately on a solid support, to measure the presence or interaction of target molecules in the sample.Glycosides: Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Phycocyanin: The metal-free blue phycobilin pigment in a conjugated chromoprotein of blue-green algae. It functions as light-absorbing substance together with chlorophylls.Flavodoxin: A low-molecular-weight (16,000) iron-free flavoprotein containing one molecule of flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and isolated from bacteria grown on an iron-deficient medium. It can replace ferredoxin in all the electron-transfer functions in which the latter is known to serve in bacterial cells.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Coma: A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.Automation: Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)Nostoc: A form-genus of CYANOBACTERIA in the order Nostocales. Trichomes composed of spherical or ovoid vegetative cells along with heterocysts and akinetes. The species form symbiotic associations with a wide range of eukaryotes.Ferredoxin-NADP Reductase: An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation and reduction of FERREDOXIN or ADRENODOXIN in the presence of NADP. EC 1.18.1.2 was formerly listed as EC 1.6.7.1 and EC 1.6.99.4.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.Tumor Markers, Biological: Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Microcystins: Cyclic heptapeptides found in MICROCYSTIS and other CYANOBACTERIA. Hepatotoxic and carcinogenic effects have been noted. They are sometimes called cyanotoxins, which should not be confused with chemicals containing a cyano group (CN) which are toxic.Oscillatoria: A genus of filamentous CYANOBACTERIA in the order Oscillatoriales. It is commonly found in freshwater environments, especially hot springs.Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of ATP, L-glutamate, and NH3 to ADP, orthophosphate, and L-glutamine. It also acts more slowly on 4-methylene-L-glutamate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 6.3.1.2.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Methionine SulfoximineAmino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Microcystis: A form-genus of CYANOBACTERIA in the order Chroococcales. Many species are planktonic and possess gas vacuoles.Phycobilisomes: Light energy harvesting structures attached to the THYLAKOID MEMBRANES of CYANOBACTERIA and RED ALGAE. These multiprotein complexes contain pigments (PHYCOBILIPROTEINS) that transfer light energy to chlorophyll a.Sensory Rhodopsins: Photosensory rhodopsins found in microorganisms such as HALOBACTERIA. They convert light signals into biochemical information that regulates certain cellular functions such as flagellar motor activity.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Dinitrogenase Reductase: A non-heme iron-sulfur protein isolated from Clostridium pasteurianum and other bacteria. It is a component of NITROGENASE along with molybdoferredoxin and is active in nitrogen fixation.Ferredoxins: Iron-containing proteins that transfer electrons, usually at a low potential, to flavoproteins; the iron is not present as in heme. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Phycobilins: Open chain tetrapyrroles that function as light harvesting chromophores in PHYCOBILIPROTEINS.

Analysis of tryptic digests indicates regions of GvpC that bind to gas vesicles of Anabaena flos-aquae. (1/5)

The gas vesicles of the cyanobacterium Anabaena flos-aquae contain two main proteins: GvpA, which forms the ribs of the hollow cylindrical shell, and GvpC, which occurs on the outer surface. Analysis by MALDI-TOF MS shows that after incubating Anabaena gas vesicles in trypsin, GvpA was cleaved only at sites near the N-terminus, whereas GvpC was cleaved at most of its potential tryptic sites. Many of the resulting tryptic peptides from GvpC remained attached to the underlying GvpA shell: the pattern of attachment indicated that there are binding sites to GvpA at both ends of the 33-residue repeats (33RRs) in GvpC, although one of the tryptic peptides within the 33RR did not remain attached. Tryptic peptides near the two ends of the GvpC molecule were also lost. The mean critical collapse pressure of Anabaena gas vesicles decreased from 0.63 MPa to 0.20 MPa when GvpC was removed with urea or fully digested with trypsin; partial digestion resulted in partial decrease in critical pressure.  (+info)

Purification and characterization of extracellular beta-glucosidase from Sinorhizobium kostiense AFK-13 and its algal lytic effect on Anabaena flos-aquae. (2/5)

A beta-glucosidase from the algal lytic bacterium Sinorhizobium kostiense AFK-13, grown in complex media containing cellobiose, was purified to homogeneity by successive ammonium sulfate precipitation, and anion-exchange and gel-filtration chromatographies. The enzyme was shown to be a monomeric protein with an apparent molecular mass of 52 kDa and isoelectric point of approximately 5.4. It was optimally active at pH 6.0 and 40'C and possessed a specific activity of 260.4 U/mg of protein against 4-nitrophenyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (pNPG). A temperature-stability analysis demonstrated that the enzyme was unstable at 50 degrees C and above. The enzyme did not require divalent cations for activity, and its activity was significantly suppressed by Hg+2 and Ag+, whereas sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and Triton X-100 moderately inhibited the enzyme to under 70% of its initial activity. In an algal lytic activity analysis, the growth of cyanobacteria, such as Anabaena flos-aquae, A. cylindrica, A. macrospora, Oscillatoria sancta, and Microcystis aeruginosa, was strongly inhibited by a treatment of 20 ppm/disc or 30 ppm/disc concentration of the enzyme.  (+info)

Solid-state NMR evidence for inequivalent GvpA subunits in gas vesicles. (3/5)

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An amyloid organelle, solid-state NMR evidence for cross-beta assembly of gas vesicles. (4/5)

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Gas vesicles across kingdoms: a comparative solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study. (5/5)

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Theelastic compressibility of gas vesicles isolated from Anabaena flos-aquae has been measured with a specially constructed apparatus. The gas vesicle suspension was contained in a glass tube, closed at one end with a piston allowing volume adjustment and attached at the other end to a microcapillary, and was subjected to pressure from compressed air. The elastic compressibility of the gas vesicle suspension was determined by applying or removing pressure and measuring the ensuing displacement of the meniscus in the capillary with a vernier microscope. After allowing for the compressibility of the compression tube and of water in the suspension, the compressibility of the intact gas vesicles has been calculated to be 0.00155 bar-1, and the elastic bulk modulus 645 bar. The elastic modulus of the protein that forms the gas vesicle wall can also be calculated from these measurements; it is 27500 bar. These measurements confirm that the gas vesicle is a rigid structure and show that the buoyancy ...
Max E. Rubinson 00:34, 5 April 2013 (EDT): I was wondering if maybe the expression of gas vesicles in flos-aquae remains constant, and buyoancy is attenuated solely by an increase in carbohydrate concentration due to increased rates of photosynthesis at the surface, but in the 1994 review from Walsby, there is a section discussing the fact that increased gas vesicle content in flos-aquae and other species correlates with decreased photon irradiance ...
The purpose of this study is to describe the morphological characteristics of the Aphanizomenon spp. and related species from the natural samples collected in the Nakdong River of South Korea. Morphological characteristics in the four species classified into the genera Aphanizomenon Morren ex Bornet et Flahault 1888 and Cuspidothrix Rajaniemi et al. 2005 were observed by light microscopy. The following four taxa were identified: Aphanizomenon flos-aquae Ralfs ex Bornet et Flahault, Aphanizomenon klebahnii Elenkin ex Pechar, Aphanizomenon skujae Komárková-Legnerová et Cronberg, and Cuspidothrix issatschenkoi (Usačev) Rajaniemi et al. Aph. flos-aquae and Aph. klebahnii always formed in fascicles; the others only occurred in solitary. Aph. flos-aquae was similar to Aph. klebahnii, whereas these species differed from each other by the size and shape of fascicles, which was macroscopic in Aph. flos-aquae and microscopic in the Aph. klebahnii. One of their characteristics was that trichomes are easily
Wild Bluegreen Body is the whole, complete algae, and provides essential fatty acids, proteins, complex sugars, vitamins, minerals, and essential amino acids. Because its cell walls are composed of peptidoglycan (carbohydrates and peptides), lipids (oils), polysaccharides (sugars) and proteins, Wild Bluegreen Body products provide an easily digestible natural complex that is critical for the health and vitality of tissues and cells.. Algae is the fundamental basis of the entire food chain-the foundational nutrient source for creating and renewing all life on earth. Aphanizomenon flos-aquae is the crème de la crème of algae, one of the planets most powerful foods. Tucked away in the Cascade Mountains of southern Oregon, fed by a network of mountain streams and springs, anchored in deep volcanic soil and 35 feet of mineral-rich sediment, Upper Klamath Lake is one of natures most miraculous nutrition resources of Aphanizomenon flos-aquae.. ...
Americas food supply is highly refined, processed, genetically altered and nutrient deficient. All of these factors negatively affect our bodies over time. It is very difficult to eat and stay healthy on the typical American diet. Over production of our farmlands have depleted the soils, causing our foods to be nutrient deficient. Most of the major degenerative diseases are largely caused by poor diet and unhealthy foods. Dr. Stanley S. Bass, N.D., D.C., Ph.C. says, "The closer the food comes to the natural state in which it occurs, or the closer we come to its raw, unfired form, the higher its quality is." In this condition, all the enzymes are found intact. The amino acids are in their finest form. The minerals, vitamins, trace elements, carbohydrates and life force are present.. Aphanizomenon flos-aquae is natures most basic food. It exists at the beginning of the food chain, provides perfect nutrition and contains more protein than other whole foods. This super nutrition provides rich ...
Lake Thunderbird Algae Study 2003 Final Report Lake Thunderbird Algae 2003 for the Central Oklahoma Master Conservancy District May 2004 Final Report Oklahoma Water Resources Board 3800 North Classen Boulevard Oklahoma City, OK 73118 Oklahoma Water Resources Board LAKE THUNDERBIRD ALGAE STUDY FINAL REPORT 2 Executive Summary Algae have long been known to cause water quality problems in many municipal water systems. From the available data, Lake Thunderbird contains algae with the potential to produce taste and odor (T&O) and toxin chemicals (Table 0.1). Table 0.1: Summary of potential taste and odor and toxin producing species identified in Lake Thunderbird in 2003. Species Division Potential T&O Potential Toxin Anabaena bergeii v. limnetica Cyanophyta X X Anabaena flos-aquae Cyanophyta X X Anabaena spiroides Cyanophyta X X Anabaenopsis elenkinii** Cyanophyta X Aphanizomenon issatschenkoi Cyanophyta X X Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii Cyanophyta X Planktolyngbya contorta (Lyngbya lagerheimii f. ...
Lake Thunderbird Algae Study 2003 Final Report Lake Thunderbird Algae 2003 for the Central Oklahoma Master Conservancy District May 2004 Final Report Oklahoma Water Resources Board 3800 North Classen Boulevard Oklahoma City, OK 73118 Oklahoma Water Resources Board LAKE THUNDERBIRD ALGAE STUDY FINAL REPORT 2 Executive Summary Algae have long been known to cause water quality problems in many municipal water systems. From the available data, Lake Thunderbird contains algae with the potential to produce taste and odor (T&O) and toxin chemicals (Table 0.1). Table 0.1: Summary of potential taste and odor and toxin producing species identified in Lake Thunderbird in 2003. Species Division Potential T&O Potential Toxin Anabaena bergeii v. limnetica Cyanophyta X X Anabaena flos-aquae Cyanophyta X X Anabaena spiroides Cyanophyta X X Anabaenopsis elenkinii** Cyanophyta X Aphanizomenon issatschenkoi Cyanophyta X X Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii Cyanophyta X Planktolyngbya contorta (Lyngbya lagerheimii f. ...
A method for removing a gas from a site comprising placing cells having gas vesicles under conditions that induce the cells to float to a surface of an aqueous medium, harvesting the cells from the surface of the medium, lysing the cells, separating the gas vesicles from the lysed cells, crosslinking the gas vesicles with a crosslinking agent, loading a gas with a lowered partial pressure for the compound to be removed into the gas vesicles, and placing the gas vesicles such that the gas compound is removed from the site. Harvesting gas-vesicle-containing cells is achieved by placing the cells under conditions that induce the cells to rise to the surface of an aqueous medium-such as darkness, exponential growth stage, flocculation, or dissolved gas flotation-then collecting the cells from the surface of the medium. Gas vesicles are isolated by lysing the cells and separating the gas vesicles from the lysate. Once the gas vesicles are isolated, they can be modified, such as by crosslinking with
A short list (with links! - as well as the first to mention the new audio feature which will officially turn some of the blogs into podcasts! click on the lil speaker icon at the lower right of select posts to listen.). VitamineralGreen - Living on this immaculate green stuff daily, 4 years strong. If theres one food product I believe in, a nutrient supply I cant live without, Its this.. E3 Live and Camu Camu. I swear in studio I was tripping half the time and if it wasnt due to the long hours of intense creation in a controlled environment, it was likely due to the shots of E3 Live and the cap-fulls of Camu Camu. E3 Live is 100% Aphanizomenon flos-aquae blue-green algae (AFA for short) that is an all-organic wild-harvested aqua-botanical considered by renowned health authorities to be natures most beneficial superfoodalgae. Say that 5 xs fast.. Kittens. Kittens on YouTube. Birthday Cards with Kittens on them. It doesnt matter. Kittens win me over every time. They always have. In ...
Though Stemtech got its start less than a decade ago, botanical researcher and neurophysiologist Christian Drapeau, MSc, began researching the science the company is founded on during the 1990s. Having learned of the health benefits people experienced when eating nutrient-rich algae known as Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (AFA), Drapeau and fellow scientist Dr. Gitte Jensen began examining how AFA supports health. In their research, Drapeau and Jensen discovered that AFA supports the bodys release of adult stem cells. Soon Drapeau developed a nutritional product based on these findings.. Around the same time, Ray C. Carter Jr. took a position with a direct selling company. He was brought on to increase the companys U.S. market and then take over as president. With a bachelors and MBA under his belt, Carter also had decades of industry experience in direct sales and marketing. He understood the business from the distributor side, having built a successful organization with a telephone reseller as ...
BrainON is a super concentrated organic E3AFA (Aphanizomenon flos-aquae) extract of Phycocyanin and Phenylethylamine (PEA). BrainON contains the active ingredient in wild-harvested AFA that may help promote mood balance and enhanced focus*. PEA (also found in chocolate) is a naturally occurring extract that may promote clear thinking and focus to give you optimal cognitive function. Phycocyanin is a powerful antioxidant and natural anti-inflammatory.
Di samping mendukung system peremajaan alami, peningkatan jumlah stem cell tersebut juga masih dalam kisaran fisiologis normal tubuh dan tidak beresiko terhadap tubuh. AFA juga diketahui merangsang aktivitas makrofage yang merupakan benteng pertahanan awal tubuh manusia, dengan polisakarida mendukungan aktivasi sel limposit tertentu yang disebut NK (Natural Killer) cell. Sehingga membantu tubuh meningkatkan imunitas tubuh. Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (AFA) mengandung 3 sampai 5x lebih banyak kandungan Klorofil dibandingkan dengan berbagai makanan alami lainnya. Selain itu kandungan gizi pada alga biru - hijau ini sangat berlimpah dan lengkap serta memiliki fungsi yang saling melengkapi untuk kebutuhan tubuh manusia ...
The overall project goal is to adapt and validate a rapid and accurate optical fiber-based technology for cyanoHAB cell detection and enumeration in both laboratory and field settings. Specific objectives are to: 1) design ribosomal RNA (rRNA) signal and capture probes for the three most important toxic cyanobacteria (Microcystis aeruginosa, Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, and Anabaena flos-aquae) using published sequences; 2) design and test a second probe pair for each species to incorporate redundancy into the array; 3) test these probes in the fiber-optic array format and determine detection limits, specificity, and dynamic range; 4) refine hybridization conditions to reduce processing time; 5) develop procedures to analyze multiple cyanoHAB species simultaneously using a single fiber bundle in a multiplexed format and validate it using mixed cultures and spiked and unspiked field samples; 6) work with individuals and agencies responsible for fresh- and brackish water management to determine ...
Freshen breath and strengthen your teeth, without harsh abrasives or irritating chemicals. Sea Fresh® all mouthwash features Blue Green Algae (Aphanizomenon Flos-Aquae), rich in Calcium, proteins and antioxidants, to strengthen your teeth and gums. Potent Spearmint Oil keeps your breath fresh and clean. Grapefruit Seed
The Buoyancy module is key to both the Degradation and the Aggregation systems. Buoyancy is required to position our bacteria in the water column, and also to enable them to buoy the plastic aggregates. This module requires driving the expression of a gas vesicle gene cluster. Gas vesicles are formed within the cell, and are hollow spaces surrounded by a wall of hydrophobic protein. These gas vesicles are permeable to gases, which diffuse into the gas vesicles, increasing its partial pressure, thereby increasing buoyancy. Gas vesicles are found largely in cyanobacteria and halophillicarchea, where they are necessary to access oxygen and light. Their formation is driven by a number of genes required for production and regulation. We are using the gas vesicle gene to attribute buoyancy to our cells so that they float on to the surface of the ocean. Our particular cluster -known as GVP is extracted from Bacillus Megaterium which contains 14 putative gens gvp-A,-P,-Q,-B,-R,-N,-F,-G,-L,-S,-K,-J,-T ...
The Buoyancy module is key to both the Degradation and the Aggregation systems. Buoyancy is required to position our bacteria in the water column, and also to enable them to buoy the plastic aggregates. This module requires driving the expression of a gas vesicle gene cluster. Gas vesicles are formed within the cell, and are hollow spaces surrounded by a wall of hydrophobic protein. These gas vesicles are permeable to gases, which diffuse into the gas vesicles, increasing its partial pressure, thereby increasing buoyancy. Gas vesicles are found largely in cyanobacteria and halophillicarchea, where they are necessary to access oxygen and light. Their formation is driven by a number of genes required for production and regulation. We are using the gas vesicle gene to attribute buoyancy to our cells so that they float on to the surface of the ocean. Our particular cluster -known as GVP is extracted from Bacillus Megaterium which contains 14 putative gens gvp-A,-P,-Q,-B,-R,-N,-F,-G,-L,-S,-K,-J,-T ...
Sinorhizobium kostiense strain LMG19227 clone SK173R conserved hypothetical protein gene, partial cds; and oligopeptide ABC transporter permease protein gene, complete ...
250g Spirulina powder 100% GMO Free detox diet weight loss cleanse,cyanobacterium,dietary supplement, aquaculture, aquarium,poultry industries,Algas Verdiazul, Algues Bleu-Vert,Anabaena, Aphanizomenon flos-aquae,dietary protein, B-vitamins,attenti
500g Spirulina powder 100% GMO Free detox diet weight loss cleanse,cyanobacterium,dietary supplement, aquaculture, aquarium,poultry industries,Algas Verdiazul, Algues Bleu-Vert,Anabaena, Aphanizomenon flos-aquae,dietary protein, B-vitamins,attenti
As a heath-food trend, its easy to be confused by blue-green algae (BGA). Not only does it sound gross, but googling it produces news reports of local officials at war with the toxic pond scum it can create.. Yet, many swear by BGAs energy-boosting properties. In health-food circles, BGA usually refers to spirulina, chlorella, or - the hippest algae - Aphanizomenon Flos-aquae (AFA). Still, some BGAs can be toxic, so nutritionists recommend proceeding with caution.. The strain that appears in E3Live was discovered in the 1970s by Victor Colman, who as legend has it, was looking for a way to feed NASA scientists. In the 1990s, it became a popular racehorse supplement after Tamera Campbell, now CEO of the E3Live company began selling it to trainers for their Kentucky Derby-bound thoroughbreds.. Now E3Live is sold in powder, capsule, or frozen form at health-food stores and on Amazon. According to Campbell, the company uses a mechanical filtration system and meets all standards set by the Oregon ...
E3 AFA Powder (Blue-Green Algae) 50 g. Dietary Supplement. E3 AFA Powder (Blue-Green Algae) 50 g is a premium blue-green algae dried after harvest in a window refractive dryer preserving the integrity of the algae. E3 AFA is 100% pure Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (AFA), one of natures most perfect foods.* This unique blue-green algae grows wild in the spring-fed pristine waters of Upper Klamath Lake, Oregon. It is also dried using a process unique to Klamath Lake called Window Refractance Drying. It removes water gently preserving the nutritional qualities of the algae. Vision is one of the only companies that produces this high quality algae.*. INGREDIENTS: Aphanizomenon-flos aquae (AFA). SUPPLEMENT FACTS: Serving Size 1 tsp, Servings per container 25, Amounts per serving protein 1920 mg, Vitamin K 80 mcg, AFA 2 g. Daily Values (DV) based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Store in cool dry place. Do not use if seal is broken.. Recommended Use: Adult as dietary supplement as recommended by a healthcare ...
Die Goethe-Universität ist eine forschungsstarke Hochschule in der europäischen Finanzmetropole Frankfurt. Lebendig, urban und weltoffen besitzt sie als Stiftungsuniversität ein einzigartiges Maß an Eigenständigkeit.
The Graduate Division of Arts and Sciences oversees the graduation process for all PhD, AM and MS degrees at the University. Degree candidates should apply online via the Degree Candidate System according to the dates listed in the Degree Calendar. The Universitys requirements for formatting the dissertation are in the Dissertation Manual (revised October 2012 ...
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Buy high quality life-jackets and buoyancy aids for all your watersport needs here at Apnea. Please call (0)1534 876621 for more information.
Property for sale. This home contains 4 rooms including 4 bedrooms and has a livable surface of 208 m?. It was built in 1997. The land has a total surface area of 485 m?. The property is situated on the 2nd floor. This home contains 3 bathrooms. There is air conditioning. The listed price is of 2... More details › ...
China Canoeing Buoyancy Aids (DH-041), Find details about China Canoeing Buoyancy Aids, Foam Life Jackets from Canoeing Buoyancy Aids (DH-041) - Shanghai Dehuan Industry Co., Ltd.
My kohaku, Blondie, has been in my pond for 20 years. She seemed to lose buoyancy in early July, but otherwise has remained healthy. If theres the prospect of food, she comes swimming off the bottom and circles the pond. If it turns out theres no food or she gets fed she returns to the bottom, exact same spot (shes worn the algae off). Her fins are never clamped. She is strong. Ive checked out her skin, but there are no problems, not even on her underside. Its like she accidentally
Whitehead PR, Brown NL (April 1985). "Three restriction endonucleases from Anabaena flos-aquae". J Gen Microbiol. 131 (4): 951- ... de Waard A, Korsuize J, van Beveren CP, Maat J (December 1978). "A new sequence-specific endonuclease from Anabaena cylindrica ... Hughes SG, Murray K (January 1980). "The nucleotide sequences recognized by endonucleases AvaI and AvaII from Anabaena ... "Complete genomic sequence of the filamentous nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120". DNA Res. 8 (5): 227- ...
Anabaena flos-aquae and Aphanizomenon gracile. The fauna in the lake consists of eight types of benthos and ten types of fish ...
ISBN 0-12-597180-X. Carmichael WW, Gorham PR (1978). "Anatoxins from clones of Anabaena flos-aquae isolated from lakes of ... Carmichael WW, Biggs DF, Gorham PR (1975). "Toxicology and pharmacological action of Anabaena flos-aquae toxin". Science. 187 ( ... a toxic alkaloid from Anabaena flos-aquae NRC-44h". Can. J. Chem. 55 (8): 1367-1371. doi:10.1139/v77-189. Moore RE (1977). " ... Saxitoxin is produced by the cyanobacteria Anabaena spp., some Aphanizomenon spp., Cylindrospermopsis sp., Lyngbya sp. and ...
Devlin JP, Edwards OE, Gorham PR, Hunter NR, Pike RK, Stavric B (1977). "Anatoxin-a, a toxic alkaloid from Anabaena flos-aquae ... Carmichael WW, Gorham PR (1978). "Anatoxins from clones of Anabaena flos-aquae isolated from lakes of western Canada". Mitt. ... "Toxicology and pharmacological action of Anabaena flos-aquae toxin". Science. 187 (4176): 542-544. doi:10.1126/science.803708. ...
It was later isolated (1972) by J.P. Devlin from the cyanobacteria Anabaena flos aquae. In 1977, Carmichael, Gorham, and Biggs ... Anatoxin-a is synthesized in vivo in the species Anabaena flos aquae, as well as several other genera of cyanobacteria. ... Anabaena flos-aquae NRC-44-1". Can Vet J. 18 (3): 71-75. PMC 1697489 . PMID 404019. Wood SA; Selwood AI; Rueckert A.; et al. ( ... They introduced toxic cultures of Anabaena flos aquae into the stomachs of two young male calves, and observed that muscular ...
Kinsman, R (January 1991). "Gas vesicle collapse by turgor pressure and its role in buoyancy regulation by Anabaena flos-aquae ... "What is a pressure unit "bar" (b)". www.aqua-calc.com. Retrieved 2017-04-27. J., Kramer, Paul (2012-01-01). WATER RELATIONS OF ...
2006) Analysis of tryptic digests indicates regions of GvpC that bind to gas vesicles of Anabaena flos-aquae. Microbiology, ... The distribution of the outer gas vesicle protein, GvpC, on the Anabaena gas vesicle, and its ratio to GvpA. Journal of General ...
For Anabaena flos-aquae, higher light intensities leads to vesicle collapse from an increase in turgor pressure and greater ... "Direct evidence for the role of light-mediated gas vesicle collapse in the buoyancy regulation of Anabaena flos-aquae ( ...
Devlin JP, Edwards OE, Gorham PR, Hunter NR, Pike RK, Stavric B (1977). „Anatoxin-a, a toxic alkaloid from Anabaena flos-aquae ... Carmichael WW, Biggs DF, Gorham PR (1975). „Toxicology and pharmacological action of Anabaena flos-aquae toxin". Science. 187 ( ... Carmichael WW, Gorham PR (1978). „Anatoxins from clones of Anabaena flos-aquae isolated from lakes of western Canada." Mitt. ...
Carmichael WW, Biggs DF, Gorham PR (1975). "Toxicology and pharmacological action of Anabaena flos-aquae toxin". Science 187 ( ... Carmichael WW, Gorham PR (1978). "Anatoxins from clones of Anabaena flos-aquae isolated from lakes of western Canada." Mitt. ... a toxic alkaloid from Anabaena flos-aquae NRC-44h". Can. J. Chem. 55 (8): 1367-1371. doi:10.1139/v77-189. ...
... is synthesized in vivo in the species Anabaena flos aquae,[2] as well as several other genera of cyanobacteria. ... In 1977, Carmichael, Gorham, and Biggs experimented with anatoxin-a. They introduced toxic cultures of Anabaena flos aquae into ... It was later isolated (1972) by J.P. Devlin from the cyanobacteria Anabaena flos aquae.[2] ... Anabaena flos-aquae NRC-44-1". Can Vet J. 18 (3): 71-75. PMC 1697489 . PMID 404019.. ...
... previous studies had attributed neuro-toxin production to Anabaena flos-aquae species which is also a type of nitrogen fixing ... Further research may be needed to ascertain that Anabaena.azollae indeed produce neuro-toxins. Azolla has been used for at ... They form a symbiotic relationship with the cyanobacterium Anabaena azollae, which fixes atmospheric nitrogen, giving the plant ... However, Azolla's cyanobacteria belongs to the genus Anabaena and species A. azollae,[better source needed] ...
Anabaena MeSH B03.440.475.100.100.150 --- Anabaena cylindrica MeSH B03.440.475.100.100.300 --- Anabaena flos-aquae MeSH B03.440 ... Anabaena cylindrica MeSH B03.280.100.300 --- Anabaena flos-aquae MeSH B03.280.100.900 --- Anabaena variabilis MeSH B03.280. ... 100.900 --- Anabaena variabilis MeSH B03.440.475.100.110 --- Aphanizomenon MeSH B03.440.475.100.200 --- Cyanothece MeSH B03.440 ...
Some cyanobacteria are sold as food, notably Aphanizomenon flos-aquae and Arthrospira platensis (Spirulina). Despite the ... Cyanobacteria such as Anabaena (a symbiont of the aquatic fern Azolla), can provide rice plantations with biofertilizer. Many ... doi:10.1016/0038-0717(84)90118-4. "Azolla-Anabaena as a Biofertilizer for Rice Paddy Fields in the Po Valley, a Temperate Rice ... Golden JW, Yoon HS (December 1998). "Heterocyst formation in Anabaena". Current Opinion in Microbiology. 1 (6): 623-9. PMID ...
Aphanizomenon flos-aquae is a cyanobacteria similar to spirulina, which is used as a nutritional supplement. Extracts and oils ... such as Anabaena. The most well-known of these odor-causing chemicals are MIB (2-methylisoborneol) and geosmin. They give a ... "Aphanizomenon Flos-Aquae Blue Green Algae". Energy For Life Wellness Center. Archived from the original on 2006-04-26. ...
Anabaena flos-aquae ATCC ® 22664™ Designation: TypeStrain=False Application: Toxicity testing Fixes nitrogen This strain is ... Anabaena flos-aquae (Lyngbye) Brebisson (ATCC® 22664™) Type Strain: no / Biosafety Level: 1 ...
... flos-aquae. At metsulfuronconcentrations from 0.01 to 10 mg/L, A. flos-aquae ALS inhibition was basically equivalent to ... was compared in vitro and in vivo in Anabaena flos-aquae todetermine the mechanism of ALS inhibition by metsulfuron. In vitro ... flos-aquae was strongly inhibited bymetsulfuron, with higher concentrations producing greater inhibition and an IC50 of 0.026 ... flos-aquae. At metsulfuronconcentrations from 0.01 to 10 mg/L, A. flos-aquae ALS inhibition was basically equivalent to ...
Anabaena flos-aquae (Lyngbye) Brebisson (ATCC® 22664™) ATCC® Number: 22664™ Type Strain: no ...
Anabaena flos-aquae (Lyngbye) Brebisson (ATCC® 22664™) ATCC® Number: 22664™ Type Strain: no ...
Effects of nutrient loading on Anabaena flos-aquae biofilm: biofilm growth and nutrient removals Effects of three different ... on the structure and functions of algal biofilm using Anabaena flos-aquae were investigated using synthetic wastewater. ...
Carmichael WW, Gorham PR (1978). "Anatoxins from clones of Anabaena flos-aquae isolated from lakes of western Canada". Mitt. ... Carmichael WW, Biggs DF, Gorham PR (1975). "Toxicology and pharmacological action of Anabaena flos-aquae toxin". Science. 187 ( ... a toxic alkaloid from Anabaena flos-aquae NRC-44h". Can. J. Chem. 55 (8): 1367-1371. doi:10.1139/v77-189.. ... Saxitoxin is produced by the cyanobacteria Anabaena spp., some Aphanizomenon spp., Cylindrospermopsis sp., Lyngbya sp. and ...
Kearns, K.D.; Hunter, M.D. Toxin-producing anabaena flos-aquae induces settling of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, a competing ... For example, the microcystin-LR, produced and secreted out to the extracellular medium by Anabaena flosaquae, paralyzed the ... and Anabaena sp. are able to degrade various phenols such as pentachlorophenol, p-nitrophenol, and naphthalenesulphonic acids [ ... Nogueira, P.F.; Melao, M.G.; Lombardi, A.T.; Nogueira, M.M.; Vieira, A.A. The effects of Anabaena spiroides exopolysaccharides ...
Anabaena spp. (e.g., Anabaena circinalis, Anabaena flos-aquae), Aphanizomenon spp. (e.g., Aphanizomenon flos-aquae), ... e.g., Anabaena circinalis, Anabaena flos-aquae), Aphanizomenon spp. (e.g., Aphanizomenon flos-aquae), Aphanocapsa spp., ... Particular cyanobactia include, but are not limited to, Anabaena spp. ( ...
Whitehead PR, Brown NL (April 1985). "Three restriction endonucleases from Anabaena flos-aquae". J Gen Microbiol. 131 (4): 951- ... de Waard A, Korsuize J, van Beveren CP, Maat J (December 1978). "A new sequence-specific endonuclease from Anabaena cylindrica ... Hughes SG, Murray K (January 1980). "The nucleotide sequences recognized by endonucleases AvaI and AvaII from Anabaena ... "Complete genomic sequence of the filamentous nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120". DNA Res. 8 (5): 227- ...
Anabaena flos-aquae and Aphanizomenon gracile. The fauna in the lake consists of eight types of benthos and ten types of fish ...
Microcystins fromAnabaena flos-aquae NRC 525-17. Chem Res Toxicol 4: 535-540.PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Two cyclic peptides, anabaenopeptins, a third group of bioactive compounds from the cyanobacteriumAnabaena flos-aquae NRC 525- ... Puwainaphycin C, a cardioactive cyclic peptide from the blue-green algaAnabaena BQ-16-1. Use of two-dimensional13C−13C and13C− ... 9-Deazaadenosine and its 5′-α-d-glucopyranoside isolated from the cyanobacteriumAnabaena affinis strain VS-1. J Am Chem Soc 115 ...
Chemical analysis of the phenol-water-extractable materials from Anabaena flos-aquae. ...
anatoxin-a, produced by the freshwater cyanophyte Anabaena flos-aquae. Toxicon 17:229-236. 9. Codd GA, Edwards C, Beattie KA, ... flos-aquae are frequently infested with gram-negative rod bacteria.,algae.html#6a.6a A. flos-aquae also produces hepatotoxins ... flos-aquae was not about health benefits, but health hazards.,algae.html#2.2 A. flos-aquae is the green pond scum that sewage ... flos-aquae Alpha Sun.,algae.html#3.3 Spirulina contains about the same or more B vitamins than A. flos-aquae, with the ...
Therefore, Anabaena flos aquae, where the vesicles comprise about 10% of the volume of the cell, is a preferred source of ... is pressure collapse curves for gas vesicles of Anabaena flos aquae. FIG. 6. is the effect of glutaraldehyde treatment of gas ... The filamentous gas vacuolate cyanobacterium strain Anabaena flos-aquae CCAP 1403/13f was obtained from the Institute of ... Smith, et al., "Growth and Gas-Vacuole Development in Vegetative Cells of Anabaena flos-aquae," Archiv. fur Mikrobiologie, vol ...
Carmichael, W. W., Biggs, D. F., and Gorham, P. R. (1975). Toxicology and pharmacological action of Anabaena flos-aquae toxin. ... The genus Anabaena is known to encode several toxins, including the dangerous anatoxin-a, and to produce toxic blooms in lakes ... Bins 1 and 2 (Anabaena genus) are more abundant in the PA group, especially on samples B7 and B9 (and also the replicates Old_ ... The bins 1 (69.54% completeness) and 2 (16.52%) were classified as the genus Anabaena, showing NRPS and hybrid NRPS-type 1 PKS ...
and Anabaena spp.), nodularin (Nodularia spumigena), and anatoxin-a (Anabaena flos-aquae and Phormidium spp.) [1,2]. As toxin- ... PCC 7120 (also known as Anabaena sp. PCC 7120, hereafter Nostoc 7120) selected as the test organism was previously reported to ... Genome-derived insights into the biology of the hepatotoxic bloom-forming cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain 90. BMC Genomics ... Rapala, J.; Sivonen, K.; Lyra, C.; Niemelä, S.I. Variation of microcystins, cyanobacterial hepatotoxins, in Anabaena spp. as a ...
Effects of Nitrogen Sources on P-Limited Growth of Anabaena Flos-Aquae.. ... Anabaena flos-aquae ... Anabaena ; Carbon fixation Holdings. Library. Call Number. ...
Anabaena flos-aquae Last post by Nu_Crow « Sun Jan 14, 2007 9:51 pm ...
Anabaena flos-aquae f. flos-aquae. From the Anabaena Microbial Culture Collection ... Anabaena sp. PCC 7120, Anabaena flos-aque, Anabaena aequalis Description and Significance. Anabaena provides a model for the ... Anabaena grow in long filaments of vegetative cells.. Anabaena. The arrow points to a heterocyst From from: University of ... Figure A shows normal Anabaena grown in a complete medium. Figure B shows normal Anabaena growing in a medium lacking nitrogen ...
Anabaena flos-aquae f. flos-aquae. From the Microbial Culture Collection Anabaena oumiana. From the Anabaena Microbial Culture ... Anabaena sp. PCC 7120, Anabaena flos-aque, Anabaena aequalis Description and Significance. Anabaena provides a model for the ... Figure A shows normal Anabaena grown in a complete medium. Figure B shows normal Anabaena growing in a medium lacking nitrogen ... Unlike most other strains of Anabaena, Anabaena sp. strain ATCC 29413 differenciates between their hetrocyst and akinetes forms ...
Devlin JP, Edwards OE, Gorham PR, Hunter NR, Pike RK, Stavric B (1977). „Anatoxin-a, a toxic alkaloid from Anabaena flos-aquae ... Carmichael WW, Biggs DF, Gorham PR (1975). „Toxicology and pharmacological action of Anabaena flos-aquae toxin". Science. 187 ( ... Carmichael WW, Gorham PR (1978). „Anatoxins from clones of Anabaena flos-aquae isolated from lakes of western Canada." Mitt. ...
A5 Anabaena flos-aquae Bajo Abejas miel s (Apis spp.) Contacto aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1 ... A5 Anabaena flos-aquae Bajo Algas - Cr s 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) 5.0 ... Octanol-aqua coeficiente de partici en pH 7, 20oC P - - - ... Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (d庯) - - - Fase de agua sola DT50 (d庯) - - ... Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 783 A3 Alto ...
Carmichael WW, Biggs DF, Gorham PR (1975). "Toxicology and pharmacological action of Anabaena flos-aquae toxin". Science 187 ( ... Carmichael WW, Gorham PR (1978). "Anatoxins from clones of Anabaena flos-aquae isolated from lakes of western Canada." Mitt. ... a toxic alkaloid from Anabaena flos-aquae NRC-44h". Can. J. Chem. 55 (8): 1367-1371. doi:10.1139/v77-189. ...
Allelopathic effects of the Baltic cyanobacteria Nodularia spumigena, Aphanizomenon flos-aquae and Anabaena lemmermannii on ... aquae were added to the treatment, whereas the control lacked cyanobacteria. A. flos-aquae decayed rapidly, and was absent from ... The rapidly decaying A. flos-aquae biomass imposed a significant bottom-up regulation in the treatment mesocosms, and the ... Effects of products released by Aphanizomenon flos-aquae and purified saxitoxin on the movements of Daphnia carinata feeding ...
Pharmacology of anatoxin-a, produced by the freshwater cyanophyte Anabaena flos-aquae. Toxicon 17:229-236. ... flos-aquae Alpha Sun.3 Spirulina contains about the same or more B vitamins than A. flos-aquae, with the exception of B12. ... flos-aquae was not about health benefits, but health hazards.2 A. flos-aquae is the green pond scum that sewage engineers ... flos-aquae are frequently infested with gram-negative rod bacteria.6a A. flos-aquae also produces hepatotoxins and neurotoxins ...
  • This has made Anabaena azollae completely dependent on its host, as several of its genes are either lost or has been transferred to the nucleus in Azolla's cells. (orange.com)
  • algae.html#1.1 When I searched the scientific literature, most of the information regarding A. flos-aquae was not about health benefits, but health hazards. (rense.com)
  • algae.html#2.2 A. flos-aquae is the green pond scum that sewage engineers constantly try to control. (rense.com)
  • algae.html#7.7 Neurotoxins produced by A. flos-aquae include neosaxitoxin and anatoxin. (rense.com)
  • In vitro ALS from A. flos-aquae was strongly inhibited bymetsulfuron, with higher concentrations producing greater inhibition and an IC50 of 0.026 mg/L. Metsulfuron at 0.001mg/L showed almost no ALS inhibition in vivo, possibly due to metsulfuron breakdown by A. flos-aquae. (cnki.com.cn)