Dictionaries, MedicalAmylose: An unbranched glucan in starch.Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Amylopectin: A highly branched glucan in starch.Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Starch Synthase: An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of glucose from ADPglucose to glucose-containing polysaccharides in 1,4-alpha-linkages. EC 2.4.1.21.Dictionaries, Chemical1,4-alpha-Glucan Branching Enzyme: In glycogen or amylopectin synthesis, the enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a segment of a 1,4-alpha-glucan chain to a primary hydroxy group in a similar glucan chain. EC 2.4.1.18.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Herbicides: Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid: Nucleic acid sequences involved in regulating the expression of genes.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Databases, Genetic: Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium: A cellulose derivative which is a beta-(1,4)-D-glucopyranose polymer. It is used as a bulk laxative and as an emulsifier and thickener in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals and as a stabilizer for reagents.Nanofibers: Submicron-sized fibers with diameters typically between 50 and 500 nanometers. The very small dimension of these fibers can generate a high surface area to volume ratio, which makes them potential candidates for various biomedical and other applications.Cellulose: A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.Methylcellulose: Methylester of cellulose. Methylcellulose is used as an emulsifying and suspending agent in cosmetics, pharmaceutics and the chemical industry. It is used therapeutically as a bulk laxative.Ointment Bases: Various mixtures of fats, waxes, animal and plant oils and solid and liquid hydrocarbons; vehicles for medicinal substances intended for external application; there are four classes: hydrocarbon base, absorption base, water-removable base and water-soluble base; several are also emollients.Cellulase: An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-glucosidic linkages in CELLULOSE, lichenin, and cereal beta-glucans.Administration, Buccal: Administration of a soluble dosage form between the cheek and gingiva. It may involve direct application of a drug onto the buccal mucosa, as by painting or spraying.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Nanostructures: Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.Trisaccharides: Oligosaccharides containing three monosaccharide units linked by glycosidic bonds.Betaxolol: A cardioselective beta-1-adrenergic antagonist with no partial agonist activity.Aspartate Aminotransferase, Mitochondrial: An aspartate aminotransferase found in MITOCHONDRIA.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Levobunolol: The L-Isomer of bunolol.Carteolol: A beta-adrenergic antagonist used as an anti-arrhythmia agent, an anti-angina agent, an antihypertensive agent, and an antiglaucoma agent.Timolol: A beta-adrenergic antagonist similar in action to PROPRANOLOL. The levo-isomer is the more active. Timolol has been proposed as an antihypertensive, antiarrhythmic, antiangina, and antiglaucoma agent. It is also used in the treatment of MIGRAINE DISORDERS and tremor.Adrenergic beta-Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.Glycemic Index: A numerical system of measuring the rate of BLOOD GLUCOSE generation from a particular food item as compared to a reference item, such as glucose = 100. Foods with higher glycemic index numbers create greater blood sugar swings.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Norpregnadienes: Pregnadienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.Megestrol: 17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregna-3,6-diene-3,20-dione. A progestational hormone used most commonly as the acetate ester. As the acetate, it is more potent than progesterone both as a progestagen and as an ovulation inhibitor. It has also been used in the palliative treatment of breast cancer.

Thermus aquaticus ATCC 33923 amylomaltase gene cloning and expression and enzyme characterization: production of cycloamylose. (1/213)

The amylomaltase gene of the thermophilic bacterium Thermus aquaticus ATCC 33923 was cloned and sequenced. The open reading frame of this gene consisted of 1,503 nucleotides and encoded a polypeptide that was 500 amino acids long and had a calculated molecular mass of 57,221 Da. The deduced amino acid sequence of the amylomaltase exhibited a high level of homology with the amino acid sequence of potato disproportionating enzyme (D-enzyme) (41%) but a low level of homology with the amino acid sequence of the Escherichia coli amylomaltase (19%). The amylomaltase gene was overexpressed in E. coli, and the enzyme was purified. This enzyme exhibited maximum activity at 75 degrees C in a 10-min reaction with maltotriose and was stable at temperatures up to 85 degrees C. When the enzyme acted on amylose, it catalyzed an intramolecular transglycosylation (cyclization) reaction which produced cyclic alpha-1,4-glucan (cycloamylose), like potato D-enzyme. The yield of cycloamylose produced from synthetic amylose with an average molecular mass of 110 kDa was 84%. However, the minimum degree of polymerization (DP) of the cycloamylose produced by T. aquaticus enzyme was 22, whereas the minimum DP of the cycloamylose produced by potato D-enzyme was 17. The T. aquaticus enzyme also catalyzed intermolecular transglycosylation of maltooligosaccharides. A detailed analysis of the activity of T. aquaticus ATCC 33923 amylomaltase with maltooligosaccharides indicated that the catalytic properties of this enzyme differ from those of E. coli amylomaltase and the plant D-enzyme.  (+info)

Granule-bound starch synthase I in isolated starch granules elongates malto-oligosaccharides processively. (2/213)

Isoforms of starch synthase belonging to the granule-bound starch synthase I (GBSSI) class synthesize the amylose component of starch in plants. Other granule-bound isoforms of starch synthase, such as starch synthase II (SSII), are unable to synthesize amylose. The kinetic properties of GBSSI and SSII that are responsible for these functional differences have been investigated using starch granules from embryos of wild-type peas and rug5 and lam mutant peas, which contain, respectively, both GBSSI and SSII, GBSSI but not SSII and SSII but not GBSSI. We show that GBSSI in isolated granules elongates malto-oligosaccharides processively, adding more than one glucose molecule for each enzyme-glucan encounter. Granule-bound SSII can elongate malto-oligosaccharides, but has a lower affinity for these than GBSSI and does not elongate processively. As a result of these properties GBSSI synthesizes longer malto-oligosaccharides than SSII. The significance of these results with respect to the roles of GBSSI and SSII in vivo is discussed.  (+info)

Stable, inducible thermoacidophilic alpha-amylase from Bacillus acidocaldarius. (3/213)

Bacillus acidocaldarius Agnano 101 produces an inducible thermoacidophilic alpha-amylase. The enzyme production occurs during the stationary phase of growth in the presence of compounds with alpha-1,4-glucosidic linkages. The enzymatic activity is both present in the culture medium and associated with the cells; the enzymes purified from both sources show identical molecular and catalytic properties. The purified amylase has a single polypeptide chain of molecular weight 68,000 and behaves like an alpha-amylase with affinity constants for starch and related substances of 0.8 to 0.9 mg/ml. The pH and temperature optima for activity are 3.5 and 75degreesC, respectively. The amylase is stable at acidic pH (below 4.5). Its thermal stability is strictly dependent upon protein concentration; the half-life at 60degreesC of the amylase in a 70-mug/ml solution is about 5 days.  (+info)

Mechanism of porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase inhibition of amylose and maltopentaose hydrolysis by kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) inhibitor and comparison with that by acarbose. (4/213)

The effects of Phaseolus vulgaris inhibitor (alpha-AI) on the amylose and maltopentaose hydrolysis catalysed by porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase (PPA) were investigated. Based on a statistical analysis of the kinetic data and using the general velocity equation, which is valid at equilibrium for all types of inhibition in a single-substrate reaction, it was concluded that the inhibitory mode is of the mixed noncompetitive type involving two molecules of inhibitor. In line with this conclusion, the Lineweaver-Burk primary plots intersect in the second quadrant and the secondary plots of the slopes and the intercepts versus the inhibitor concentrations are parabolic curves, whether the substrate used was amylose or maltopentaose. A specific inhibition model of the mixed noncompetitive type applies here. This model differs from those previously proposed for acarbose [Al Kazaz, M., Desseaux, V., Marchis-Mouren, G., Payan, F., Forest, E. & Santimone, M. (1996) Eur. J. Biochem. 241, 787-796 and Al Kazaz, M., Desseaux, V., Marchis-Mouren, G., Prodanov, E. & Santimone, M. (1998) Eur. J. Biochem. 252, 100-107]. In particular, with alpha-AI, the inhibition takes place only when PPA and alpha-AI are preincubated together before the substrate is added. This shows that the inhibitory PPA-alphaAI complex is formed during the preincubation period. Secondly, other inhibitory complexes are formed, in which two molecules of inhibitor are bound to either the free enzyme or the enzyme-substrate complex. The catalytic efficiency was determined both with and without inhibitor. Using the same molar concentration of inhibitor, alpha-AI was found to be a much stronger inhibitor than acarbose. However, when the inhibitor amount is expressed on a weight basis (mg x L-1), the opposite conclusion is drawn. In addition, limited proteolysis was performed on PPA alone and on the alpha-AI-PPA complex. The results show that, in the complex, PPA is more sensitive to subtilisin attack, and shorter fragments are obtained. These data reflect the conformational changes undergone by PPA as the result of the protein inhibitor binding, which differ from those previously observed with acarbose.  (+info)

Psyllium shifts the fermentation site of high-amylose cornstarch toward the distal colon and increases fecal butyrate concentration in rats. (5/213)

We examined the combination effects of psyllium (PS) and resistant starch on large bowel short-chain fatty acids (SCFA). Rats were fed one of the following four diets: low amylose (LAS) or high amylose cornstarch diets (HAS, 50 g/kg diet) with or without 15 g PS/kg diet (LAS/PS and HAS/PS diets). HAS and/or PS were substituted for the same amounts of LAS in diets. Cecal butyrate concentrations were significantly higher in rats fed the HAS and HAS/PS diets than in those fed the LAS and LAS/PS diets. However, butyrate and total SCFA concentrations in rats fed the HAS diet decreased along the length of the colon and fecal butyrate concentration was reduced to one-third of that in the cecum. In contrast, the HAS/PS diet maintained higher butyrate concentrations throughout the large bowel. Fecal butyrate concentration in the HAS/PS diet-fed group significantly exceeded the sum of the concentrations in rats fed the LAS/PS and HAS diets. PS supplementation to the HAS diet significantly increased fecal starch excretion by 10 fold compared with that of rats fed the HAS diet. There was a positive correlation between fecal butyrate concentration and fecal starch excretion (r = 0.709, P < 0.0001). In a further experiment, ileorectostomized rats were fed the HAS and HAS/PS diets. From the difference in fecal starch excretion between normal and ileorectostomized rats, starch degradation by large bowel microflora in rats fed the HAS and HAS/PS diets was deduced to be 96% and 63%, respectively. These findings support the hypothesis that PS may delay the fermentation rate of HAS in the cecum and shift the fermentation site of HAS toward the distal colon, leading to the higher butyrate concentration in the distal colon and feces.  (+info)

Characterization and crystallization of an active N-terminally truncated form of the Escherichia coli glycogen branching enzyme. (6/213)

The prokaryotic glycogen branching enzymes (GBE) can be divided into two groups on the basis of their primary structures: the first group of enzymes, which includes GBE from Escherichia coli, is characterized by a long N-terminal extension that is absent in the enzymes of the second group. The extension consists of approximately 100 amino-acid residues with unknown function. In order to characterize the function of this region, the 728 amino-acid residue, full-length E. coli GBE, and a truncated form (nGBE) missing the first 107 amino-acid residues were overexpressed in E. coli. Both enzymes were purified to homogeneity by a simple purification procedure involving ammonium sulphate precipitation, ion-exchange chromatography, and a second ammonium sulphate precipitation. Purified full-length enzyme was poorly soluble and formed aggregates, which were inactive, at concentrations above 1 mg.mL-1. In contrast, the truncated form could be concentrated to 6 mg.mL-1 without any visible signs of aggregation or loss of activity on concentration. The ability to overexpress nGBE in a highly soluble form has allowed us to produce diffracting crystals of a branching enzyme for the first time. A comparison of the specific activities of purified GBE and nGBE in assays where amylose was used as substrate demonstrated that nGBE retained approximately half of the branching activity of full-length GBE and is therefore a suitable model for the study of the enzymes' catalytic mechanism.  (+info)

Mapping of genes for cooking and eating qualities in Thai jasmine rice (KDML105). (7/213)

Thai jasmine rice, KDML 105, is known as the best quality rice. It is known not only for its aroma but also for its good cooking and eating qualities. Amylose content (AC), gel consistency (GC) and gelatinization temperature (GT) are important traits determining rice quality. A population of recombinant inbred lines (RIL) derived from KDML105 x CT9993 cross was used to study the genetic control of AC, GC and GT traits. A total of 191 markers were used in the linkage map construction. The 1605.3 cM linkage map covering nearly the whole rice genome was used for QTL (define QTL) analysis. Four QTLs for AC were detected on chromosomes 3, 4, 6 and 7. These QTLs accounted for 80% of phenotypic variation explained (PVE) in AC. The presence of one major gene as well as several modifiers was responsible for the expression of the trait. Two QTLs on chromosome 6 and one on chromosome 7 were detected for GC, which accounts for 57% of PVE. A single gene of major effect along with modifier genes controls GC from this cross. The QTLs in the vicinity of waxy locus were major contributors in the expression of AC and GC. The finding that the position of QTLs for AC and GC were near each other may reflect tight linkage or pleiotropy. Three QTLs were detected, one on chromosome 2 and two on chromosome 6, which accounted for 67% of PVE in GT. Just like AC and GC, one major gene and modifier genes governed the variation in GT resulting from the KDML105 x CT9993 cross. Breeding for cooking and eating qualities will largely rely on the preferences of the end users.  (+info)

Suppression of extablished Friend virus leukemia by statolon: potentiation of statolon's leukemosuppressive activity by chlorite-oxidized oxyamylose. (8/213)

Treatment of Friend virus (FV)-infected mice, 3 days after FV inoculation, with statolon, an extract of the mold Penicillium stoloniferum, induces interferon and restores immunocompetence to viral and nonviral antigens such as sheep erythrocytes. Clinical remissions are established in 20 to 70% of the infected mice. Cholorite-oxidized oxyamylose administered intraperitoneally 24 h before, 3 h before, or 3 h after statolon enhanced interferon production, but the increased number of mice protected against FV disease was more closely related to the associated enhanced synthesis of FV cytotoxic antibody. The prolonged selective immunodepression to intraperitoneal sheep erythrocytes after intraperitoneal administration of chlorite-oxidized oxyamylose-statolon appeared to be related to a stimulation in number and erythrocyte-phagocytic capacity of peritoneal macrophages. The marked activation of macrophages in FV leukemic mice after such treatment may also have contributed to the enhanced FV leukemosuppressive effects of chlorite-oxidized oxyamylose-statolon.  (+info)

*Corn starch

Amylomaize, high amylose starch Bird's Custard, the English custard based on cornflour, invented in 1837 Waxy corn, waxy maize ...

*Amylose

It is also used in amylose magnetic beads and resin to separate maltose-binding protein High-amylose varieties of rice, the ... H.-J. Chung, Q. Liu, Impact of molecular structure of amylopectin and amylose on amylose chain association during cooling, ... Amflora, genetically modified low amylose potato (high in amylopectin) Amylomaize, high amylose maize starch Russet Burbank ... high-amylose starch is more resistant to digestion. Unlike amylopectin, amylose is not soluble in cold water. It also reduces ...

*Floridean starch

... floridean starch has been described as lacking amylose. However, amylose has been identified as a component of floridean starch ... ISBN 978-4-431-55494-3. McCracken, D. A.; Cain, J. R. (May 1981). "Amylose in Floridean Starch". New Phytologist. 88 (1): 67-71 ... which use amylopectin and amylose. There is strong phylogenomic evidence that the Archaeplastida are monophyletic and originate ... a mixture of amylopectin and amylose) and glycogen: Historically, ...

*Tulaipanji

... contains amylose - 28.3%, protein - 7.3%. It has comparable quality parameters like 77.1% hulling, 65% milling, 54.2 ... Cooked rice is tasty, good in texture, bright in appearance, non-sticky and friable due to high amylose content. ...

*Cryptococcus antarcticus

Cryptococcus anarcticus is able to produce amylose. This species is also able to assimilate L-lysine, nitrate and cadaverine as ...

*4-alpha-glucanotransferase

Walker GJ, Whelan WJ (1959). "Synthesis of amylose by potato D-enzyme". Nature. 183 (4653): 46. doi:10.1038/183046a0. PMID ... "Potato D-enzyme Catalyzes the Cyclization of Amylose to Produce Cycloamylose, a Novel Cyclic Glucan". Journal of Biological ...

*Athene Donald

doi:10.1016/S0008-6215(98)00079-2. Jenkins, P. J.; Donald, A.M. (1995). "The influence of amylose on starch granule structure ...

*Cryptococcus albidosimilis

C. albidosimilis is DBB positive, and produces amylose. Fonseca A., Scorzeti G., and Fell J. (2000) Diversity in the yeast ...

*Branching (polymer chemistry)

The unbranched form of starch is called amylose. The ultimate in branching is a completely crosslinked network such as found in ...

*Grain quality

Gelatinization temperature is direct related to amylose contents; the higher the amylose the higher the gelatinization ... In terms of amylose rice can be classified as waxy 0-2%, very low 2-10%, low 10-20%, intermediate20-25% and high 25-32% (rice ... It is another important factors in rice quality, like other cereal rice is good sources of starch especially amylose. It is ... The two most important physiochemical properties of cooking quality of rice are amylose content and gelatinization temperature ...

*Amylopectin

In contrast, amylose contains very few α(1→6) bonds, or even none at all. This causes amylose to be hydrolyzed more slowly, but ... amylose "Amylose, Amylopectin (starch)". GMO Compass. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 2011-02-07. ... It is one of the two components of starch, the other being amylose. Glucose units are linked in a linear way with α(1→4) ... Glycogenosis type IV Amflora, a genetically modified potato high in amylopectin (low in amylose) with a high glycemic index ...

*Staling

The starch amylose and amylopectin molecules realign themselves causing recrystalisation. This results in stale bread's ...

*Resistant starch

Starches with high amylose content generally have increased resistant starch. Resistant starch (RS) is any starch or starch ... RS2 resistant starch from high amylose corn can be consumed raw or baked into foods. Asp NG. (1992). "Resistant starch. ... Starch consists of amylose and amylopectin which affect the textural properties of manufactured foods. ... RS2 - Resistant starch is inaccessible to enzymes due to starch conformation, as in high amylose corn starch RS3 - Resistant ...

*Mochi

... amylose, in its starch granules. A non-glutinous rice grain contains amylose at about 10-30% weight by weight and amylopectin ... amylose content. The table below summarizes the amylose and amylopectin content of different starches, waxy and non-waxy: The ... Amylose and amylopectin are both components of starch and polysaccharides made from D-glucose units. The big difference between ... This rice is characterized by its lack of amylose in the starch and is derived from short or medium japonica rices. The protein ...

*Dubraj rice

It is a traditional Indian cultivar with intermediate amylose and gelatinization temperature. It is most common in Madhya ...

*Cassava

... amylose-free) mutant. This tolerance to PPD was thought to be cosegregated with the starch mutation, and is not a pleiotropic ...

*Low-glycemic diet

High glycemic foods contain refined grains, refined sugars, and increased amylopectin/amylose ratio. There are other factors ...

*Lugol's iodine

Starches include the plant starches amylose and amylopectin and glycogen in animal cells. Lugol's solution will not detect ...

*Crustose lichen

Lichenin is identical chemically to amylose from starch grains, although it differs physically. The properties of lichenin ...

*Maltose-binding protein

The fusion protein binds to amylose columns while all other proteins flow through. The MBP-protein fusion can be purified by ... as an affinity handle for the purification of foreign proteins and peptides by affinity chromatography on cross-linked amylose ...

*Iris halophila

Several chemical compounds were found including, flavones, phenolic compounds amylose and organic acid. The salt tolerance and ...

*Bomba rice

It is known for its nonstick properties due to its high amylose content. It is short grained with a pearly white color and a ...

*ose

The polysaccharide that makes up plant starch is named amylose, or "starch sugar"; see amyl. There are these theories about the ...

*Khan tok

It has opaque grains, very low amylose content and is sticky when cooked. It is called glutinous (< Latin glūtinōsus) in the ...

*Starch

About one quarter of the mass of starch granules in plants consist of amylose, although there are about 150 times more amylose ... The strength of the resulting blue color depends on the amount of amylose present. Waxy starches with little or no amylose ... High amylose starch, amylomaize, is cultivated for the use of its gel strength and for use as a resistant starch (a starch that ... While amylose was thought to be completely unbranched, it is now known that some of its molecules contain a few branch points. ...
In this study, the film forming behaviour of low amylose (LA) and high amylose (HA) starches was studied. The starch-alone and a blend of plasticizer (polyol)-starch films were developed by gelatinising at various temperatures and casting at 25 °C. The starch-plasticizer films contained glycerol and xylitol either individually or in 1:1 combination. The concentration of plasticizer used was 15%, 20% and 30% for LA films while it was 20%, 30% and 40% for HA films on dry solid basis. The HA-glycerol films retained the highest moisture content among all the films. The HA films exhibited higher glass transition temperature, higher tensile strength, higher modulus of elasticity and lower elongation at break than those obtained from LA starch. The tensile strength and modulus of elasticity decreased and the elongation increased with increasing plasticizer concentrations above 15% on dry solid basis regardless the starch type. Low water vapour permeability was evident in LA and HA films plasticized by ...
1. Functions as a useful prebiotic. A particularly significant benefit of amylose is the way it functions as a prebiotic. These non-digestible compounds reach the colon without being digested, where they are fermented by gut microflora. (9) While most prebiotics are fibrous and classified chemically as oligosaccharides, amylose is one of the non-fiber types of prebiotic.. Remember, though, that not all amylose is the same. In lab tests, the amylose in lotus seed and purple potatoes outperforms that found in high amylose maize starch (RS4) by producing healthy gut bacteria more efficiently. (10, 11). Prebiotics contribute to good gut microflora, which in turn affect every internal body system. Its the feature that makes them so effective for boosting health in such a large number of ways.. 2. Boosts immunity. One such benefit of good gut bacteria is a boosted immune response. In general, prebiotic foods cause the "prebiotic effect," referring to a decreased concentration of cancer-promoting ...
The sizing compositions and sized glass fibers formed therefrom are provided, wherein the sized glass fibers have a reduced tendency to form gumming deposits on fabrication machinery under relatively high humidity conditions, and wherein processibility of the sized glass fibers with the sizing composition is improved, and wherein the sized glass fiber strand package is improved. The sizing composition comprises in weight percent of the non-aqueous ingredients, about 50 to about 75 weight percent of a starch mixture having about 75 to about 95 percent by weight of the mixture comprised of an underivatized, high amylose starch component and about 5 to about 25 weight percent of the mixture comprised of an easily cookable low amylose starch component; and about 5 to about 35 percent of one or more waxes selected from the group consisting of animal waxes, vegetable waxes, mineral waxes, synthetic waxes, and petroleum waxes; and about 9 to about 77 percent by weight of a nonionic lubricant having fatty
A card sheet including a top material layer having pre-cut weakened lines extending partially but not completely through the top material layer, the top material layer having a front side and a back side; and a starch composition layer applied to the back side of the top material layer, wherein at least a portion of the starch composition diffuses into the top material layer to a depth and renders the top material layer breakable along the weakened lines. A method of making the card sheet, including providing the top material layer, cutting partially through the top material layer; and applying a starch composition to form the starch composition layer on the back side of the top material layer; and at least partially removing any diluent present in the starch composition. The top material layer may be printable, and the card sheet may include a second top material layer.
Starch is made of two homopolymers: amylose and amylopectin, themselves composed of D-glucose molecules. During the process of digestion, starch is dissociated into simple sugar molecules that are readily assimilated by the body. High amylose starch is more resistant to enzymatic digestion and is used as a food supplement for its high fiber content and low glycemic index. It is also used in the textile industry, cosmetic industry, pharmaceutical industry and the production of biodegradable plastics. We are currently working on the generation amylose-rich wheat lines. This is achieved by knocking out genes encoding starch-branching enzymes in the wheat genome. ...
We investigate the influence of sorbitol and natural Na+-montmorillonite (nanoclay) loading on the characteristic of high amylose nanocomposites and the distribution of nanoclay after extrusion processing. The innovative aspect is the modification of the nanoclay using the sorbitol plasticizer, and as shown in the XRD results, good intercalated/exfoliated morphology had been achieved in all nanocomposites. The expansion of nanoclay gallery relates to sorbitol loading and nanoclay concentration. Evidence of newly formed hydrogen bonds, due to plasticizer and nanoclay interaction, and also the ternary interaction among starch/sorbitol/nanoclay were taken from peaks associated with -OH stretching located at 3300cm−1 and 999cm−1 from the FTIR spectra. Further, 13C NMR spectra demonstrated that the sorbitol mobility was significantly lowered with 1% nanoclay and overall, sorbitol mobility was lower than that of starch chains. TEM directly supported the presence of exfoliated and ...
Shafie, Siti Raihanah binti (2017) Saturated fatty acids, linseed components and high amylose wheat in attenuation of diet-induced metabolic syndrome. [Thesis (PhD/Research)] ...
Muscat, Delina, Adhikari, Raju, McKnight, Stafford, Guo, Qipeng and Adhikari, Benu 2013, The physicochemical characteristics and hydrophobicity of high amylose starch-glycerol films in the presence of three natural waxes, Journal of food engineering, vol. 119, no. 2, pp. 205-219, doi: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2013.05.033. ...
Starch analyzer,Amylose analyzer is your partner when you need excellence in grain amylose analysis. Our experience and expertise in automated grain quality analysis is long and proven.
Novel hydrogel compositions of diester crosslinked polyglucans and a process for their preparation are provided. Amylose, dextran, and pullulan succinates and glutarates when crosslinked as described were found to not only have use as general fluid sorbants but also to have exceptional hemostatic activity, adherence to a wound, and bioabsorption without causing undue irritation of the tissue or toxic effects. Reticulated hydrogel sponges made of the crosslinked diesters which are particularly useful as general fluid sorbants, and those of amylose succinate and amylose glutarate are most excellent bioabsorbable hemostatic agents. The sponges are made by lyophilizing water-soluble salts of the mono- or half-esters, such as water-soluble salts of amylose succinate or amylose glutarate, under process conditions of the invention in the presence of a reticulating agent which causes a controlled melting of the salt solution as it nears the dry state during the lyophilizing step. The resulting reticulated,
The consumption of cereals-based foods with low glycemic indexes, high micronutrients and fibers contents are highly recommended. The target of this work is to provide new solutions for cereal based foods: the knowledge and understanding on the in vivo fate will be used to define structural features to gain in foods ...
Influence of waxy and high-amylose starch genes on the composition of barley and the cholesterolemic and glycemic responses in chicks and ...
Use Absolute Mag™ Amylose Magnetic Particles for fast, easy, and consistent Antibody/Protein Purification, DNA Blunting, Phage Display, Immunoassay
Hi everybody, I have expressed a recombinant mouse protein, p97, in High Five insect cells using Gibcos baculovirus protocol. This is a fusion protein with Maltose binding protein at the N-terminal end. After purifying on amylose resin, I get very pure protein; only two bands show up by Coomassie staining. One is my recombinant fusion protein, MBP-p97, the other is the native p97 from the insect cells. Since p97 forms normally forms homohexamers, I assume the insect p97 is similar enough to complex with the overexpressed recombinant p97. Has anyone come across this problem? If so, I need ideas to get rid of the native protein. Amylose resin is not compatible with denaturing protocols and I would prefer not to have to try to renature to restore ATPase activity. Virginia ...
Dextrose and amylose It is our great pleasure to introduce ourself as leading manufacturers of dextrose a product which is widely used in manufacturing of papers.We are supllying this product at india and to other europeon countries as well.The main advantage of this is, a starch with more than 75% to 80% of amylose contents.This is 100 % ecofriendly and soluble in water.This is a very good ...
Carnaroli rice has elongated grains and a small central pearl in the middle. It has a low-starch loss and high-absorption capacity. Perfect for cooking smooth, creamy risotto dishes. Italians love Carnaroli because of its high Amylose content (a component of starch) which results in creamier, more velvety risottos. Carnaroli is a staple of the Northern Italian pantry, risottos and rice based soups and are a great way to highlight whatever is in season!. Product Added: 24/02/2017 ...
Joining proteins together into multi-functional assemblies could be useful for improved diagnostic and therapeutic tools. However, it is tricky to link protein units with precise orientation. Also, if reversible bridges are used between the protein units, the assemblies can soon re-arrange or fall apart.. In 2012 Bijan Zakeri in the Howarth lab developed the SpyTag/SpyCatcher linkage system by re-engineering a protein from Streptococcus pyogenes. The approach here depended on Raphael Gayet in the lab creating a 2nd specific linkage from Streptococcus pneumoniae called SnoopTag/SnoopCatcher. Teams are formed by alternating SpyTag reaction with SnoopTag reaction on amylose resin.. The group decided to apply the new technology to synthesise controlled protein assemblies to induce cancer cell apoptosis. Team building just involves adding and washing, with each subunit expressed in bacteria. So we could produce lots of combinations for simultaneous stimulation of Death Receptors and various ...
This report serves to document research conducted under a Specific Cooperative Agreement with Washington State University. The parent research is 5348-43440-005-00D. Several genetic systems are highly relevant to wheat grain quality and utilization (cf. parent project). These include polyphenol oxidase (PPO), an enzyme that plays a primary role in product discoloration, arabinoxylans, important non-starch carbohydrates of wheat grain and flour, puroindolines, the genes responsible for soft kernel texture, and starch amylose content. Successful collaborations on polyphenol oxidase and arabinoxylans have spawned the award of an AFRI competitive grant during a previous round of funding. A PhD student has been secured and her stipend and other AFRI monies are expended through this SCA. Progress: over 1,000 Regional nursery samples have been obtained and milling and baking tests were completed. ADODR monitoring: Cooperators performance is monitored frequently via face-to-face meetings, and e-mail ...
Who doesnt like a hot steaming bowl of risotto on a cool crisp fall day? I look forward to this time of year when we can indulge ourselves in the pleasure of what I think is the ultimate comfort food. There are several varieties out there of risotto rice, however, the principal varieties used in Italy are Carnaroli, Vialone Nano and Arborio. Carnaroli and Vialone Nano are considered to be the best (and most expensive) varieties, but I have been using the Arborio variety pretty exclusively and have been happy with the results. The thing all these varieties have in common is there high starch to low amylose ratio that gives the finished dish its classic creaminess. ...
1. Enzymes are complex proteins produced by living cells that catalyze specific biochemical reactions usually at body temperature (98.6 F or 37 C). Enzymes are usually sold in powder form and are obtained from animal, plant (particularly fungal), and bacteriological sources. In addition to their source designation, enzymes are also described in terms of unit definition, activity, and purity.. 2. The α-amylases attack randomly along the amylose chain (the major component of wheat starch) to convert it into dextrins (short-chained polysaccharides), which are very water soluble. The β-amylases attack amylose only from one end at a time and are therefore much less effective compared to α-amylases. Diastases contain both α- and β-amylases and, therefore, are not as effective as the α-amylases alone. Proteases cleave the bonds of proteins leading to shorter chain polypeptides and finally to amino acid molecules, which are water soluble. Trypsins, which come from the ferments of pancreatic ...
Two monosaccharide molecules can be joined together in a condensation reaction, where a new bond called a glycosidic bond forms, and water is eliminated. Building polysaccharides such as starch and glycogen involves the making and breaking of glycosidic bonds. Glucose is C6H12O6. it can be drawn in either a chain or ring structure, and has slightly different arrangements which cause different properties.. Two alpha glucoses=maltose. Three or more glucose molecules=amylose. (1-4). Long chains of amylose coil into a spring because of the shape of the glucose molecule and the formation of the glycosidic bonds. Makes it compact ...
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THE eating quality of Australian beef continues to rise, with the national average MSA Index reaching 57.56 points in 2015-17 - thats a large rise of 0.84 index points since the 2010-11 grading year, a newly released report has shown. The post MSA eating quality performance continues to rise appeared first on Beef Central ...
Medium grain rice - This size classification is for rice grains which are less than three times as long as they are is wide. Medium grain is sometimes labeled short grain to distinguish it from long grain rice. The cooked grains are moist and tender, and they cling together. It contains approximately 15 to 19 percent amylose and is typically used in recipes that call for a creamy consistency, such as rice pudding and paella ...
Here, we demonstrated that the activity of FKBP38 is controlled by its association with Ca2+/CaM. Enzymatic activity was observed at calcium concentrations below 1 μM. Simultaneously, appearance of an FK506‐binding site in the heterodimeric complex was observed. In the absence of Ca2+/CaM, the enzyme remained completely inactive, and commonly known FKBP ligands, such as immunosuppressive and nonimmunosuppressive peptidomacrolides and their derivatives, failed to bind.. Our study provides the first example for a cofactor‐regulated folding helper enzyme. In order to verify enzyme activation by intracellular Ca2+ rise, the active site concentration of endogenous FKBP38 was determined by co‐immunoprecipitation and affinity absorption on MBP‐Bcl‐2 amylose beads. The inactive form of FKBP38 dominates in unstimulated SH‐SY5Y cells.. Near‐UV CD spectroscopy revealed activation of FKBP38 in the Ca2+/CaM/FKBP38 complex by changes of the tertiary structure‐related signals of the enzyme. As ...
Looking for online definition of amylose in the Medical Dictionary? amylose explanation free. What is amylose? Meaning of amylose medical term. What does amylose mean?
To our knowledge the present paper shows for the first time the kinetic parameters of all the three starch branching enzyme (BE) isozymes, BEI, BEIIa and BEIIb, from rice with both amylopectin and synthetic amylose as glucan substrate. The activities of these BE isozymes with a linear glucan amylose decreased with a decrease in the molar size of amylose, and no activities of BEIIa and BEIIb were found when the degree of polymerization (DP) of amylose was lower than at least 80, whereas BEI had an activity with amylose of a DP higher than approximately 50. Detailed analyses of debranched products from BE reactions revealed the distinct chain length preferences of the individual BE isozymes. BEIIb almost exclusively transferred chains of DP7 and DP6 while BEIIa formed a wide range of short chains of DP6 to around DP15 from outer chains of amylopectin and amylose. On the other hand, BEI formed a variety of short chains and intermediate chains of a DP ≤40 by attacking not only outer chains but ...
Microstructural and rheological changes during gelatinisation are important indicators of starch functionality. A combined rheometer and optical microscope system (Rheoscope 1, Thermo Haake) was used to monitor the gelatinisation of different starches (maize starch containing 0%, 24%, 55% and 85% amylose; wheat starch and barley starch) suspended in a 0.1% guar solution (to minimise settling during the initial stages of gelatinisation). The 0.1% guar solution was selected after Rapid Visco Analyser, Modulated DSC and settling studies indicated that it minimised any effect on starch gelatinisation compared to carboxy methyl cellulose and xanthan. The Rheoscope study demonstrated that the viscosity of the starch during gelatinisation is related to changes in starch granules as a result of swelling. There was a two to threefold increase in starch granule size during the gelatinisation for all starches except for high amylose maize starches. Viscosity development during the gelatinisation was ...
High-amylose starch is in great demand by the starch industry for its unique functional properties. However, very few high-amylose crop varieties are commercially available. In this paper we describe the generation of very-high-amylose potato starch by genetic modification. We achieved this by simultaneously inhibiting two isoforms of starch branching enzyme to below 1% of the wild-type activities. Starch granule morphology and composition were noticeably altered. Normal, high-molecular-weight amylopectin was absent, whereas the amylose content was increased to levels comparable to the highest commercially available maize starches. In addition, the phosphorus content of the starch was increased more than fivefold. This unique starch, with its high amylose, low amylopectin, and high phosphorus levels, offers novel properties for food and industrial applications ...
Of the 22 species within the Oryza genus, only two, O. sativa and O. glaberrima, have been domesticated. Although food security is supported by accessing wild Oryza resources for new genes and alleles which enhance plant performance, wild Oryza grain properties have not been extensively studied. Evaluation of the grain physico-chemical properties of eight wild Oryza species found amylose content, amylopectin structure and cooking properties fell within a narrow range relative to cultivated rice. The amylopectin of the wild species had a lower proportion of short branch chains (DP 6-14) relative to cultivated rice and were all of high apparent amylose content and gelatinization temperature. The grain of the wild species did not elongate to the same extent as the cultivated rice and had lower viscosity parameters. These results highlight how significant physio-chemical changes have been made by human selection in the domestication of rice, especially japonica rice. The wild species may be useful for
Yam is the third most important root and tuber crop in the tropics but few species are grown as health food and/or for medicinal purposes. To ascertain the potential health benefits and alternate usage of the species, 20 varieties of Dioscorea alata (water yam) were investigated for their total dietary fiber (TDF), dry matter and amylose contents as well as selected minerals in comparison with Dioscorea rotundata, the preferred species in yam-growing areas. The TDF content varied widely ranging from 4.10 to 11.00%. The dry matter composition ranged from 19.10 to 33.80% and amylose was from 27.90 to 32.30%. In mg kg 1, mineral contents of the varieties were from 10.10-17.60 for Zn, 10 550-20 100 for K, 83-131 for Na, 260-535 for Ca, and 390-595 for Mg. The results show significant differences (P , 0.05) among the test varieties in all the parameters determined. Generally, the test varieties had lower dry matter but higher amylose contents. TDF contents of the varieties were higher than that ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Differential scanning calorimetry. T2 - Gelatinisation of sago starch in the presence of sucrose and sodium chloride. AU - Abd. Ghani, Ma`Aruf. AU - Che Man, Yaakob B.. AU - Ali, Asbi B.. AU - Mat Hashim, Dzulkifly B.. PY - 1999. Y1 - 1999. N2 - The effect of sucrose and sodium chloride (NaCl) on sago starch gelatinisation was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The gelatinisation of starch in the presence of low levels of water and high levels of sucrose was studied. The gelatinisation temperature was found to increase in the presence of sucrose, whereas the gelatinisation enthalpy was unaffected. The gelatinisation temperature range was not as broad in the presence of sucrose as without sucrose. Furthermore, the shape of the gelatinisation endotherm was changed by the addition of sucrose. The double endotherm obtained in limited water-starch systems was changed into a single endotherm, similar to the endotherm obtained in excess water-starch systems at ...
alpha amylase amylose digestion. Alpha-Amylase Assay Kit - Measurement Alpha-Amylase .... Bowtrol Colon Cleanser Health Support forumlas include natural colon cleanse supplements and natural Sensitive Digestion remedies.
Tensides or surfactants are amphiphilic organic compounds that consist of both hydrophobic and hydrophilic parts. Tenzides are used in food industry (bakery), pharmaceutical industry, chemical industry, etc. Amylose is an essential unbranched form of starch. It is composed of glucose units which are linked with α-1,4- glucosidic bounds creating a spiral chain in shape of a helix. Potentiometric titration of amylose (0; 0.1; 0.5; 1; 2 and 4%) with octadecyl-trimethyl ammonium bromide (4 x 10-3 moldm-3) was followed by the formation of inclusion complex by changing the critical micellar concentration. In amylose OTAB complex formation mechanism fatty hydrocarbon chain cationic surfactants OTAB enters the amylose helix. The electrodes that were used during the experiment were silver/silver chloride (Metrohm) as the reference electrode and surfactant-sensitive electrodes with plasticized PVC membrane ...
Alpha amylase amylose digestion - Glycogen Digestion and Metabolism - alpha amylase what is .... Bowtrol Colon Cleanser Health Support forumlas include natural colon cleanse supplements and natural Sensitive Digestion remedies.
alpha amylase amylose digestion. Alpha Amylase | Chemistry | Foods - Scribd. Bowtrol Colon Cleanser Health Support forumlas include natural colon cleanse supplements and natural Sensitive Digestion remedies.
Starchy foods Unlike sugary foods, the type of starch contained in a food is not as strong a predictor of its GI for a variety of reasons. There are two main types of starch - amylose and amylopectin, with amylose having a lower GI than amylopectin. So a food with more amylose may have a lower GI than one higher in amylopectin, but this is not always the case. This is partly because the starches in unrefined grains like hulled barley, brown rice or wheat berries are encapsulated by the germ and bran, which when left intact can make the starch - regardless of type - very hard to digest. Of course, this is why we process them to provide us with more digestible forms (e.g. pearl barley, white rice and bulgur) or into flour. We have found that the milling method (e.g., stone grinding versus modern steel roller milling) generally has a more significant effect on the ultimate GI of grain foods. Traditionally stone ground flours retain much more of the germ and bran and have more coarsely ground ...
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The objective of this study was to investigate the physicochemical properties of starch isolated from transgenic corn (Ajeeb YG) and its near isogenic (Ajeeb). The amylose content was significantly differed, also there are some significant differences in the physicochemical properties between the investigated samples. These include water absorption capacity, solubility index and viscosity. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that both corn starch samples had intact granular and multi-angular shapes with an average diameter of about 12.8 m. The samples showed native X-Ray diffraction pattern of the A-type starch. Relative crystallinity for isogenic and transgenic corn starch samples was 16.75 and 19.5%, respectively. The result of DSC analysis showed that there are some differences in the transition temperatures, the gelatinization temperature, enthalpies of gelatinization and peak height indices. Also, the data revealed some differences between the isogenic and transgenic corn starch samples ...
The objective of this study was to investigate the physicochemical properties of starch isolated from transgenic corn (Ajeeb YG) and its near isogenic (Ajeeb). The amylose content was significantly differed, also there are some significant differences in the physicochemical properties between the investigated samples. These include water absorption capacity, solubility index and viscosity. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that both corn starch samples had intact granular and multi-angular shapes with an average diameter of about 12.8 m. The samples showed native X-Ray diffraction pattern of the A-type starch. Relative crystallinity for isogenic and transgenic corn starch samples was 16.75 and 19.5%, respectively. The result of DSC analysis showed that there are some differences in the transition temperatures, the gelatinization temperature, enthalpies of gelatinization and peak height indices. Also, the data revealed some differences between the isogenic and transgenic corn starch samples ...
Starch is the most abundant storage glucan composed of two main structural components, amylose and amylopectin. Based on the rate of digestion, starch can be classified as rapidly digestible starch (RDS), slowly digestible starch (SDS), and resistant starch (RS) (Shi and Maningat 2013). In recent years, the effect of RS has drawn increasing interests in that it is not digested in the upper gastrointestinal tract, but is fermented in the large intestine and is beneficial for the gut environment (Lafiandra et al. 2014). Our recent research has shown that the applications of RS in foods can moderate the glycemic response and maintain a proper microorganism profile in the human gut (Zhou et al. 2013a, b). It has also been found that RS with a slow absorption and a low glycemic index can reduce blood lipids and improve insulin sensitivity, which can improve the glucose intolerance and insulin resistance (Goda et al. 2014). Previous studies have also shown that RS can reduce cholesterol and ...
Figure 1. Model of bread staling. In fresh bread, amylose and amylopectin exist in amorphous or gelled forms. During storage, moisture is lost, the amylose and
Genotype had a significant effect on protein and starch concentrations in pea and fababean, on pasting, trough, cooling and final viscosities of starch from pea and fababean, and on onset and peak temperatures of gelatinization of starch from fababean. Significant genotype x environment interactions were observed for the concentrations of starch in pea and fababean, the concentration of amylose, endothermic enthalpy and trough viscosity in starch from fababean, and pasting viscosities of starch from pea. The effects of genotype and environment on the physicochemical characteristics of starch from pea and fababean grown in western Canada would likely not be of practical significance. Native, heat-moisture-treated and pregelatinized blends of pea starch and starch from corn, waxy corn, high-amylose corn or potato exhibited a variety of functionalities due to differences in the functionalities of the constituent starches and to the effects of heat-moisture treatment and pregelatinization. Compared ...
Results of a new clinical trial conducted using HI-MAIZ high amylose resistant starch from Ingredion Incorporated found that the ingredient may improve insulin sensitivity in women. The study was conducted by Barbara Gower, PhD, in the Department of
The genetically modified potato line show a shift of the tuber starch composition to amylose. No difference regarding persistence in agricultural habitats or invasiveness in natural habitats compared to conventional potato varieties is expected. Nor is it expected that a selective advantage or disadvantage is conferred to the GM lines via the introduced traits. Due to the measures to be taken during the release (distance to or absence of cultivated and wild relatives) will the potential for gene transfer virtually be excluded. Interactions of the GM potato lines with non-target species and resulting effects will be comparable to those of conventional potato varieties. No toxic or allergenic effects are expected from elevated levels of amylose, nor from the nptII gene. Measures in place under current field trial practice will safeguard that all tubers and plant material is properly managed, harvested, stored, transported or disposed of to minimize contact to humans or animals. No effects are ...
Polysaccharides are polymers made up from simple sugar monomers joined by glycosidic links into long chains.There are 3 main types found in food; starch and glucose in plants, and glycogen in animals.They are hard to dissolve and do not taste sweet. Starch and glycogen act as engery storage molecules within cells. These polysaccharides are suitable for storage because they are compact molecues with low solubilty in water. This means that they do not affect the concentration of water in the cytoplasm and so do not affect the movement of water into or out of the cell by osmosis. Starch, the storage carbohydrate found in plants, is made up of a mixture of 2 molecules. Amylose and amylopectin. Amylose: between 200 and 5000 glucose molecules with 1,4 glycosidic links. The posistion of the bonds causes the cain to coil into a spiral shape.. Amylopectin: has side branches. A 1,6 glycosidic links holds each side branch onto the main chain. The compact spiral structure of starch and its insoluble nature ...
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FINALLY...ater MUCh delay.... Wazy Maize Starch will be going out first thing in the morning, and should be up by Monday. Thanks everyone for your
The latest diet craze to hit the market is one that swings the food pendulum in the exact opposite direction from the recent Adkins-inspired, no-carb craze. The Carb Lovers Diet encourages readers to eat carbohydrates, specifically foods rich in resistant starch. Resistant Starch is considered a weight-loss powerhouse because it does not get absorbed into the bloodstream or broken down into glucose. According to Prevention magazine, the leading the way with this high carb diet revolution, "Resistant starch is a type of dietary fiber naturally found in many carbohydrate-rich foods. … It gets its name because it resists digestion in the body, and though this is true of many types of fiber, what makes resistant starch so special is the powerful impact it has on weight loss and overall health." In support of the diet is this weeks delcartionnd this week nutritionists have declared that far from being a food to avoid, bread is positively beneficial. Its full of essential nutrients, -vitamins ...
Hello I have been following this thread for awhile. I also started the Resistant Starch because I am open to anything that comes in regards to this disease. I was diagnosed 4 years ago with RA and put on plaquenil immediately and decided on that till it got worse and then Sulfasalazine was added and recently started Enbrel, through there Safety Net foundation. Its been 8 weeks and although no side effects it hasnt helped in relieving pain. So what I was wondering Scott007, do you think that the resistant starch would help me even though I have never had inflammation. I get tested every month, Crp and Esr and always very low. I keep reading about everyone having inflammation and the resistant starch helping for that in general. I have been trying the resistant starch now for 2 months, yes am very gassy but I havent seen an improvement as of yet. Im interested in your opinion. When I was first diagnosed my RF was 57 and now its normal but my anti-ccp is 250 which the Rheumatologist claims that ...
Modern crops have usually experienced domestication selection and subsequent genetic improvement (post-domestication selection). Chinese waxy maize, which originated from non-glutinous domesticated maize (Zea mays ssp. mays), provides a unique model for investigating the post-domestication selection of maize. In this study, the genetic diversity of six key genes in the starch pathway was investigated in a glutinous population that included 55 Chinese waxy accessions, and a selective bottleneck that resulted in apparent reductions in diversity in Chinese waxy maize was observed. Significant positive selection in waxy (wx) but not amylose extender1 (ae1) was detected in the glutinous population, in complete contrast to the findings in non-glutinous maize, which indicated a shift in the selection target from ae1 to wx during the improvement of Chinese waxy maize. Our results suggest that an agronomic trait can be quickly improved into a target trait with changes in the selection target among genes in a
Vitamins and medications may one day take rides on starch compounds creating stable vitamin-enriched ingredients and cheaper controlled-release drugs, according to Penn State food scientists.. The technique may offer drug and food companies a less expensive, more environmentally friendly alternative in creating, among other products, medications and food supplements.. In a series of experiments, researchers formed pockets with corn starch and a fatty acid ester to carry oil soluble vitamins, such as vitamin A and vitamin C, into the body, according to Gregory Ziegler, professor, food sciences.. Heat and acids can harm or destroy vitamins. The starch molecule forms a protective pocket around the vitamins as they travel through the highly acidic stomach and into the small intestines, where they can be absorbed into the blood stream.. To form the pocket, the researchers, who released their findings in a recent issue of Carbohydrate Polymers, used a type of corn starch called high amylose maize ...
How do you make sure your family is getting enough fiber? Have you ever tried increasing your resistant starch?. References:. [1] Thompson LU, et al. In vitro digestion of RS4-type resistant wheat and potato starches and fermentation of indigestible fractions. Cereal Chem. 2011; 88(1):72-79.. [2] Zelman K, Magee E. Fiber, how much do you need? 2014 Aug 20. WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/diet/guide/fiber-how-much-do-you-need. [3] Martinez I, et al. Resistant starches types 2 and 4 have different effects on the composition of the fecal microbiota in human subjects. PLOS One 2010 Nov; 5(11).. [4] Zhang L, et al. Effects of dietary resistant starch on prevention and treatment of obesity-related diseases and its possible mechanisms. Biomed Environ Sci. 2015 Apr 28(4):291-7.. [5] Maki KC, Phillips AK. Dietary substitutions for refined carbohydrates that show promise for reducing risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women. J Nutr. 2015 Jan;145(1):159S-63S.. [6] Veromel M, et al. Energy value of a ...
Since cancer cells depend on glucose more than normal cells, we compared the effects of low carbohydrate (CHO) diets to a Western diet on the growth rate of tumors in mice. To avoid caloric restriction-induced effects, we designed the low CHO diets isocaloric with the Western diet by increasing protein rather than fat levels because of the reported tumor-promoting effects of high fat and the immune-stimulating effects of high protein. We found that both murine and human carcinomas grew slower in mice on diets containing low amylose CHO and high protein compared with a Western diet characterized by relatively high CHO and low protein. There was no weight difference between the tumor-bearing mice on the low CHO or Western diets.. Additionally, the low CHO-fed mice exhibited lower blood glucose, insulin, and lactate levels. Additive antitumor effects with the low CHO diets were observed with the mTOR inhibitor CCI-779 and especially with the COX-2 inhibitor Celebrex, a potent anti-inflammatory ...
I always wondered why vitamin B-besides vitamin B 12 injections-caused mould symptoms.. The next lot of testing ordered by Dr Tania Ash will be published in The Way Out as soon as I get the results. Testing has not happened as yet as its mighty costly. But its going ahead in the next few weeks; therefore, Ive had to stop all probiotics, which were starting to work. I have a part-time carer, which is good and bad. This just happens to be the person I am building a house with so its making the build project even tighter. Yet, if I dont get mould free premises… I dont want to think about it.. I spend everyday hooked up to oxygen. Sometimes I use it to do yoga workouts with Yoga teacher Michelle Muench aka Banana Blondie 108. This helps with my stress levels; and with my breathing issues, The benefits of yoga are amazing for me. But more on this later.. I have committed to a whole food vegan lifestyle. Dr Ash has put me on a Low Amylose diet. Standard practice while undergoing this ...
BPD is known to induce a greater weight loss than LAGB, independently of initial BMI; this information comes from a meta-analysis [25] and from two comparative studies [27, 28]. This finding was confirmed in the present study. Surgery was clearly more effective than control treatment, as already reported in the only study including control patients [21]. The pattern of BMI depicted in Figure 1 indicates that our findings were representative of what happens with the two surgical procedures. In agreement with two small studies [27, 28], the effect on metabolic variables, and the disappearance of diabetes mellitus (patients were treated with metformin, when required) were not different for the 2 procedures. Also disappearance of metabolic syndrome was not different. As to metabolic effects, the only difference was in cholesterol decrease, which appears more due to the technique than to amount of weight loss. We have other data [39] showing that another malabsorptive technique ...
Tim-you make some interesting points, but I think your slant on pharma is overly paranoid (and I sure would want such things as fecal transplants regulated if I were going to have one!). At least with pharmaceutical products, they have to demonstrate safety and efficacy-two things that are never proven with supplements because they are not regulated in the same way, and supplement manufacturers and food manufacturers routinely make claims (along with disclaimers about the claims) without proving efficacy. You are leading the effort to measure amounts of resistant starch, which is terrific, but I would like to see more proof (like clinical trials) showing how resistant starch helps improve specific disease conditions, and I imagine that needs to happen before drug companies will be really interested. I can find studies on PubMed, usually claiming benefits in terms of weight loss, insulin resistance, and colon health, but they seem to be similar to benefits conferred by eating a high-fiber diet. ...
Carb Lovers Diet - Lose weight with Resistant Starch. Get the thing to lose weight by this diet plan and the steps involved in that. Resistant starch boosts
Oxidised Starch is a modified starch formulation with controlled viscosity and extra strong film properties. Oxidised Starch finds wide application in the field of paper (coating & sizing). It help in improving wax pick, gloss smoothness of paper...
Specifically, we wish to examine the glycemic response of barley tortillas containing different ratios of amylose and amylopectin and different amounts of soluble and insoluble fibre with an appropriate control during acute phase testing in healthy volunteers. Possible relationships between composition of the barley tortillas and the degree of physiological response will also be investigated as the secondary objective ...
A polysaccharide coated chiral stationary phase and columns which are produced using a unique production process of coating the proven chiral selector, tris-(3,5-di- methylphenyl) carbamoyl amylose on high purity silica gel. ChromegaChiral CCA columns, similar in selectivity to ChiralPak® AD, are available in 3, 5, 10, and 20 micron particle sizes enabling easy scale up from analytical to preparative scale using HPLC or SFC conditions.
In low-fat emulsified dressing applications, its vital to rebuild texture lost by decreasing fat within the formulation with thickeners. This is because it can result in a pasty texture and mouthfeel which can be unfavourable to consumers," ​she said, adding that N-Creamer 2230 starch means less thickener is required in the recipe.​. Ingredion recently published a report​​ detailing its own research into individual texture preferences, according to which people can be divided into one of four categories - crunchers, chewers, smooshers or suckers. This has ramifications for manufacturers when it comes to recipe formulation, reformulation and repositioning as people gain more satisfaction from foods that allow a certain mouth behaviour.. People can be divided into one of four categories depending on how they eat - crunching, chewing, smooshing or sucking - and each group has unique, unexpressed needs in terms of texture choice and food satisfaction, according to a report by Ingredion. ...
Background: Due to their lower glycaemic index, leguminous seeds affect human carbohydrate metabolism lesser than do cereals. Problems, however, could arise from side effects, e.g., increasing flatule
This product is highly recommended for starching of polyester & other synthetic workwear. Gives high resistance against mildew, mold and similar spoilage
Nutrition researchers in the LSU AgCenter believe a form of starch may have a greater effect on metabolism and fat deposition than other types of dietary fiber.. The LSU AgCenter research team has shown that fermentation of natural resistant starch in the large intestine is an important and previously underestimated mechanism in weight management. The results of their most recent study will be presented next week (Jan. 14-19, 2007) in Keystone, Colo., at a symposium on diabetes and molecular genetics sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, according to Dr. Michael Keenan of the LSU AgCenters School of Human Ecology.. During digestion the body changes starch into sugar in the small intestine, and the sugar, which is measured in energy units called calories, is used by the body, Keenan explained. But the energy that isnt used is stored in the body as fat, so eating more calories than the body uses leads to obesity.. When the diet has too much energy, it is stored as fat, Keenan pointed ...
Im a fan of resistant starch in the form of Bobs Red Mill Potato starch. If if you need assistance in maintaining normal blood sugars give it a try.
Together, these foods provide an average of just 18g per day for adults - well below the recommended 30g per day.. To meet the new fibre guideline, the Eatwell Guide depicts a diet where more than 75% of foods are plant-based, so more wholegrains, wholemeal products, pulses and vegetables will need to feature.. But are there other considerations?. Included in the definition of fibre is resistant starch (RS) - starch that passes through the small intestine intact.. Naturally present in some foods​. RS is naturally present in some foods such as bananas, potatoes, grains, bread, pulses and seeds (known as RS1 & RS2).. It is formed when starchy foods such as potatoes and pasta are cooked then cooled (RS3). It is also produced or modified commercially (RS4 & RS5) and incorporated into some food products.. The benefits of RS for gut health, glucose metabolism and appetite control have been reviewed​.. The strongest evidence, which supports an EU health claim, is for blood sugar response after a ...
Felipoff, Ana Lia et al. Not any type of rice performs equally to improve lactose-induced diarrhea characteristics in rats: is amylose an antidiarrheal factor?. Ci nc. Tecnol. Aliment., June 2012, vol.32, no.2, p.323-328. ISSN 0101- ...
Identification of GEMC1 interacting proteinsa) WB of indicated proteins on pull-downs performed with amylose resin that was untreated (Mock), pre-bound to MBP (
Apoptosis, Human, Tumor, Oxygen, Amylose, Anemia, Cancer, Cells, Chicken, Chicken Anemia Virus, Cytoplasm, Virus, Bacteria, Burn, Cell, Cell Migration, Heart, Infarction, Injury, Literature
Learn more about resistant starch and sources of it, how it acts as a prebiotic, what those mean for probiotics, and why its so important for gut health.
This is what we have all been waiting for. How does the gut flora of a habitual resistant starch consumer compare to that of a SAD eater, or, even an LC eater?
This is what we have all been waiting for. How does the gut flora of a habitual resistant starch consumer compare to that of a SAD eater, or, even an LC eater?
Our research on the bacteria in the gut (microbiome) has led to important discoveries on the role that fibre from food plays in gut health.
Buy quality concentrated liquid starch products from concentrated liquid starch manufacturer, 1740 concentrated liquid starch manufacturers & concentrated liquid starch suppliers from China.
The report package Starch and Starch Product Markets in Americas to 2021 offers the most up-to-date industry data on the actual market situation, and future outlook for starches and starch
When you punch the cornstarch, you force the long starch molecules closer together. The impact of this force traps the water between the starch chains to form a semi-rigid structure. When the pressure is released, the cornstarch flows again ...
Definition of starch blocker - A substance that (supposedly) prevents the absorption of starch from the intestine or that inhibits the breakdown of starch, used
Most well-liked" listings, or those with featured Web site buttons, reveal YP advertisers who immediately give information regarding their organizations to help people make more informed obtaining conclusions. YP advertisers acquire larger placement from the default purchasing of search results and could surface in sponsored listings on the top, facet, or bottom of your search results web page ...
Starch constitutes the most important carbon reserve in plants and is composed of branched amylopectin and linear amylose. The latter is synthesized exclusively by the Granule-Bound Starch Synthase (GBSS, EC 2.4.1.21). Here we report a readily reproducible, specific and highly sensitive protocol, which includes the isolation of intact starch granules from Arabidopsis thaliana leaves and the subsequent determination of GBSS activity. We have applied this method to study GBSS activity in diurnal cycles in vegetative growth and during the photoperiodic transition to flowering in Arabidopsis (Tenorio et al., 2003; Ortiz-Marchena et al., 2014).
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics - Crop Genetics and Biotechnology, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Science and Technology, Aarhus ...
0021]In the literature, numerous methods are described with the help of which the amylose content of starch can be reduced by chemical means. However, in these methods for reducing the amylose content treatment at elevated temperatures (normally at greater than 140° C.) is required, whereby degradation products are produced by necessity. However, such degradation products can interfere with many applications. In the construction sector for example, a significant setting delay has to be anticipated. Moreover, the fractionation method is very complex and cost-intensive, so that so far such products have not become prevalent in large-scale applications. To avoid chemical separation of amylose and amylopectin, in recent years potato plants have also been genetically modified in such a way that the starch produced by these plants has a higher amylopectin content compared to traditional potato starch. By antisense inhibition of a GBSS gene (GBSS--granule bound starch synthase) such a modification in ...
TY - JOUR ID - 19322 AU - Green,Adam F AU - Ramsey,Tara S AU - Ramsey,Justin T1 - Phylogeny and Biogeography of Ivies (Hedera spp., Araliaceae), a Polyploid Complex of Woody Vines PY - 2010 KW - chloroplast DNA KW - chromosome evolution KW - low-copy nuclear gene KW - molecular systematics KW - phylogeography UR - http://dx.doi.org/ N2 - Ivy (Hedera spp., Araliaceae) is a polyploid complex of woody vines. Native to Eurasia and northern Africa, ivy is cultivated worldwide and has become an aggressive invader of North American forests. Despite its ecological impacts and economic significance to the horticultural industry, the taxonomy of Hedera is controversial and historical relationships are poorly defined. Here we characterize the phylogeny of Hedera based on the low-copy nuclear locus Granule-Bound Starch Synthase I (GBSSI) and twelve noncoding cpDNA regions. Maximum parsimony and Bayesian analyses of both data sets generally identified Hedera as monophyletic. For GBSSI, we isolated eighteen ...
Read Myprotein Waxy Maize Starch Reviews on HealthKart.com. Check 1 Reviews, Feedbacks & User Experiences of Myprotein Waxy Maize Starch.
0010] Disclosed herein are edible surface-modifying precursor compositions for preparing edible surface-modifying particles, comprising one or more starches resulting in a total amylose content from said one or more starches of about 0% to about 20% of the total weight of the composition; and a ground cereal comprising about 10% to about 40% of the total weight of the composition. In embodiments, edible surface-modifying precursor compositions for preparing edible surface-modifying particles, comprising one or more starches resulting in a total amylose content from said one or more starches of about 0% to about 20% of the total weight of the composition; a ground cereal comprising about 10% to about 40% of the total weight of the composition; and water are disclosed. As used herein, the term "cereal" refers to a grain, preferably pregelatinized (e.g., pregelatinized corn meal, pregelatinized barley meal, pregelatinized rice meal, etc.) grains. Generally, pregelatinized grain meal can be prepared ...
Un homme de 46 ans, sans ant c dents pathologiques notables, est hospitalis pour une alt ration de l tat g n ral avec troubles de la marche voluant depuis 6 mois. On constate lexamen physique des ecchymoses p riorbitaires droites et une tum faction de lextr mit interne de la clavicule droite et du sternum. Limagerie standard ainsi que la tomodensitom trie thoraco-abdominale r v le un aspect h t rog ne diffus toute la trame osseuse avec une fracture pathologique de lextr mit externe de la clavicule (A) et une masse lytique sternale (B) dont la biopsie conclu la pr sence de d p ts amylo des. On notait par ailleurs la biologie une hypercalc mie 2,8 mmol/l et une an mie normochrome normocytaire 10 g/l. L lectrophor se des protides tait normale et le my logramme ne montre pas dinfiltration lympho-plasmocytaire. A La biopsie ost om dullaire on note la pr sence dune amylose m dullaire et l chographie cardiaque, un aspect infiltr tigr du myocarde, un trouble restrictif et une lame
The characteristics of starches from 17 endosperm mutant genotypes in a common Oh43 inbred background were examined by gel-permeation chromatography (GPC), iodine affinity (IA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The chain-length distributions of amylopectins were determined by an enzymatic- chromatographic method. Each genotype exhibited distinctive GPC elution patterns of its native and isoamylase-debranched starches and distinctivemorphology as noted by SEM. The amylose-extender (ae), dull-1 (du1), and sugary-1 (su1) genes were associated with increased amounts of amylose and intermediate fractions compared with normal starch. The waxy (wx) gene was epistatic to other genes relative to the accumulation of amylopectin, which was consistent with work done elsewhere. The discrepancy in amylose percentage determined by GPC and IA in some genotypes may have resulted from the presence of a large amount of intermediate materials in those genotypes, which could not always be distinguished from amylose
IronMaxx have developed this long-chain carbohydrate that provides your body with energy better than some other carbs on the market. This is because this formula restores depleted glycogen faster than a maltodextrin blend. Waxy Maize Starch has a much higher molecule weight than other carbohydrates which enable it to pass through the digestion process quicker and move into the blood stream where it can do its job. In addition to giving you much needed energy taking Waxy Maize can help you to gain weight by packing in the calories. This supplement can be taken alongside other supplements, it is unflavoured so is perfect for mixing with protein powders etc.. 100% Waxy Maize Starch.. ...
The first cassette comprises fragments of both the asparagine synthetase-1 gene (Asn1) and the polyphenol oxidase-5 gene (Ppo5), arranged as inverted repeats between the Agp promoter of the ADP glucose pyrophosphorylase gene (Agp) and the Gbss promoter of the granule-bound starch synthase gene (Gbss) and results in silencing of both the Ppo5 and Asn1 genes ...
Citation: Fanta, G.F., Kenar, J.A., Felker, F.C., Byars, J.A. 2013. Preparation of starch-stabilized silver nanoparticles from amylose-sodium palmitate inclusion complexes. Carbohydrate Polymers. 92(1):260-268. Interpretive Summary: Silver nanoparticles are well known for their antibacterial properties. Although starch products have been frequently used as stabilizers to retard the aggregation of these particles, these starch-based products have limited water solubility and their application to solid substrates such as fabrics is often difficult. In this study, the starch-based stabilizer used was prepared by combining a hot, jet-cooked solution of corn starch with a fatty acid salt (sodium palmitate) to form a stable complex between sodium palmitate and the amylose component of starch. Sodium palmitate within the amylose complex was next converted to silver palmitate by adding silver nitrate to the solution, and the silver ions bound to the amylose complex were then reduced to nanoparticles of ...
WMS (Waxy Maize Starch) is a complex carbohydrate that is free of sugar and lactose. The high Amylopectin content makes WMS easy for the stomach to digest.
Fig. 5 Particle size distributions of potato starch (top), wheat starch (centre) and rice starch (bottom) as determined by the use of the Malvern Bread making 38 Mastersizer X. The lines on the charts show the cumulative results. ) Lipids in wheat starch are reported as being mainly lysophosphatidyl choline (Morrison, 1978). They are strongly associated with the starch as amylose inclusion complexes, and are not completely extracted even by hot polar solvents. Separation of the linear amylose from the branched amylopectin of starch without degradation of either component has been difficult. Thus proteins are molecules encoded by genes. The gene is copied, a process called transcription, and the copy messenger, mRNA, directs the assembly of amino acids in the required The chemistry and biochemistry of wheat 43 sequence for a particular protein. 2 Classification and one-letter symbols for the common amino acids Neutral, aliphatic Glutamine (Q), glycine (G), leucine (L), isoleucine (I), serine ...
PUBLICATIONS (Journals):. Denyer, K. and Keeling P.L. (in progress) The functions of the structural domains of starch synthase enzymes. To be submitted. The Plant Journal.. Tziotis A, Seetharaman K, Klucinec JD, Keeling P, White PJ (2005) Functional properties of starch from normal and mutant corn genotypes. Carb Polymers: 61: 238-247.. Gao Z., Guan H. and Keeling P.L. (2004) Involvement of lysine-193 of the conserved KTGG motif in the catalysis of maize starch synthase IIa. ABB., 427: 1-7.. Imparl-Radosevich J.M., Gameon, J.R., McKean, A., Wetterberg. D., Keeling P.L. and Guan H. (2003) Understanding catalytic properties and functions of maize starch synthase enzymes. J.Appl.Glycosci., 50: 177-182.. Han, Xian-Zhong, O.H. Campanella, H. Guan, P.L. Keeling and B. Hamaker. (2002) Influence of maize starch granule-associated protein on the rheological properties of starch pastes. Part I. Large deformation measurements of paste properties. Carbohydrate polymers 49: 315-321.. Han, Xian-Zhong, O.H. ...
Elymus (Poaceae) is a large genus of polyploid species in the wheat tribe Triticeae. It is polyphyletic, exhibiting many distinct allopolyploid genome combinations, and its history might be further complicated by introgression and lineage sorting. We focus on a subset of Elymus species with a tetraploid genome complement derived from Pseudoroegneria (genome St) and Hordeum (H). We confirm the species allopolyploidy, identify possible genome donors, and pinpoint instances of apparent introgression or incomplete lineage sorting. We sequenced portions of three unlinked nuclear genes-phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, β-amylase, and granule-bound starch synthase I-from 27 individuals, representing 14 Eurasian and North American StStHH Elymus species. Elymus sequences were combined with existing data from monogenomic representatives of the tribe, and gene trees were estimated separately for each data set using maximum likelihood. Trees were examined for evidence of allopolyploidy and additional ...
Abstract: Many pharmaceuticals contain active ingredients that have more than one stereoisomer. An important concern is the recognition that these different stereoisomers do not necessarily have identical, or even desirable biological activity. Consequently, analytical methods for the analysis and separation of enantiomers are important in the proper development of a marketed pharmaceutical product. In this research, direct HPLC methods for the chromatographic separation of oxyphene optical isomers have been developed and optimized using three types of chiral stationary phases. The research carried out a systematic study of the conditions for the separation of oxyphene optical isomers using synthetic polymer chiral stationary phase of cellulose tris (3, 5-dimethylphenylcarbamate) Chiralcel OD, ß-cyclodextrin chiral stationary phase, and a1-acid glycoprotein chiral stationary phase. The methods using the ß-cyclodextrin and Chiralcel OD columns provide for the accurate determination of the ...
The small Refolding CA Kit is supplied with guanidine hydrochloride (GdmCl) and dithiothreitol (DTT) for protein unfolding, four different surfactants that can be added independently to the unfolded protein solution (protecting the protein from molecular aggregation), and highly polymerized cycloamylose (CA), an artificial chaperone, for surfactant removal and recovery of protein activity. Overnight incubation of the CA-treated protein is followed by a quick 10-minute centrifugation step and collection of the refolded protein-containing supernatant.. The large Refolding CA Kit is intended for large scale protein refolding after reaction conditions have been optimized using the small Refolding CA kit. The large kit consists of only denaturant and CA.. The artificial chaperone technology in the Refolding CA Kit is licensed from NFRI, BTRAI and Ezaki Glico Co, Ltd.. ...
Replacing dietary starch with sugar has been reported to improve production in dairy cows. Two sets of 24 Holstein cows averaging 41 kg/d of milk were fed a covariate diet, blocked by days in milk, and randomly assigned in 2 phases to 4 groups of 6 cows each. Cows were fed experimental diets containing [dry matter (DM) basis]: 39% alfalfa silage, 21% corn silage, 21% rolled high-moisture shelled corn, 9% soybean meal, 2% fat, 1% vitamin-mineral supplement, 7.5% supplemental nonstructural carbohydrate, 16.7% crude protein, and 30% neutral detergent fiber. Nonstructural carbohydrates added to the 4 diets were 1) 7.5% corn starch, 0% sucrose; 2) 5.0% starch, 2.5% sucrose; 3) 2.5% starch, 5.0% sucrose; or 4) 0% starch, 7.5% sucrose. Cows were fed the experimental diets for 8 wk. There were linear increases in DM intake and milk fat content and yield, and linear decreases in ruminal concentrations of ammonia and branched-chain volatile fatty acids, and urinary excretion of urea-N and total N, and ...
Author: Kossmann, J. et al.; Genre: Journal Article; Published in Print: 1999; Keywords: antisense potato|br/|isoform (starch synthase)|br/|solanum (starch synthase)|br/|starch structure|br/|transgenic potato|br/|tuber|br/|escherichia-coli|br/|branching enzyme|br/|2 isoforms|br/|gene|br/|pea|br/|sequence|br/|leaves|br/|identification|br/|biosynthesis|br/|organs; Title: Cloning and functional analysis of a cDNA encoding a starch synthase from potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) that is predominantly expressed in leaf tissue
Product Data Sheet. Directions: Mix 2 scoops (approx. 64 g) with 12-16 oz ice cold water. Shake or stir slowly to avoid excess foaming. Suggested use immediately after workout preferably without food. Stay well hydrated throughout the day while using this product especially in hot and humid temperatures. OTHER INGREDIENTS (FRUIT PUNCH): Whey Protein Concentrate, Fructose, Whey Protein Isolate, Maltodextrin, Dextrose, Waxy Maize Starch, Citric Acid, Natural & Artificial Flavors (FD&C Red No. 40 and Blue No. 1), Acesulfame Potassium, Sucralose Sweetener. OTHER INGREDIENTS (GRAPE): Whey Protein Concentrate, Fructose, Whey Protein Isolate, Maltodextrin, Dextrose, Waxy Maize Starch, Citric Acid, Natural & Artificial Flavors (FD&C Red No. 40 and Blue No. 1), Acesulfame Potassium, Sucralose Sweetener. OTHER INGREDIENTS (INTENSE STRAWBERRY): Whey Protein Concentrate, Fructose, Whey Protein Isolate, Maltodextrin, Dextrose, Waxy Maize Starch, Citric Acid, Natural & Artificial Flavors (FD&C Red No. 40), ...
Glycogen-branching enzyme deficiency (GBED) is an inheritable glycogen storage disease affecting American Quarter Horses and American Paint Horses. It leads to abortion, stillbirths, or early death of affected animals. Glycogen is a molecular polymer of glucose used to store energy. It is important for providing energy for skeletal and cardiac muscle contraction, and for maintaining glucose hemostasis in the blood. Molecules of glucose are linked into linear chains by α-1,4-glycosidic bonds. Additionally, branches of glucose are formed off of the chain via α-1,6-glycosidic bonds. 2 molecules of glucose are joined into an α-1,4-glycosidic bonds by an enzyme known as glycogen synthase. This bond may be broken by amylase when the body wishes to break down glycogen into glucose for energy. Glycogen branching enzyme is responsible for the required α-1,6-glycosidic bonds needed to start a branch off of these linear chains. These branches are important, as they provide additional "free ends" for ...

Production of waxy (amylose-free) wheats | SpringerLinkProduction of waxy (amylose-free) wheats | SpringerLink

... which is involved in amylose synthesis in plants. Although common wheat ( Triticum aestivumL.) has... ... The Waxy (Wx) protein has been identified as granule-bound starch synthase (GBSS; EC 24.1.21), which is involved in amylose ... Both mutants showed loss of Wx protein and amylose. This is the first demonstration of genetic modification of wheat starch. ... Isolation of an amylose-free starch mutant of the potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Theor Appl Genet 75:217-221Google Scholar ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02191591

Amylose - definition of amylose by The Free DictionaryAmylose - definition of amylose by The Free Dictionary

amylose synonyms, amylose pronunciation, amylose translation, English dictionary definition of amylose. n. A linear, unbranched ... Amylose lipid complexes (ALCs) exist naturally in cereal starches.. Amylose lipid nanomaterials find use as fat replacers ... Amylose - definition of amylose by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/amylose ... amylose. Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. am·y·lose. (ăm′ə-lōs′, -lōz′). n.. A linear, unbranched ...
more infohttps://www.thefreedictionary.com/amylose

Diffusion coefficient of cyclohepta-amylose in water | SpringerLinkDiffusion coefficient of cyclohepta-amylose in water | SpringerLink

This chapter provides the diffusion coefficient of cyclohepta-amylose in water at different concentrations measured using ... Winkelmann J. (2018) Diffusion coefficient of cyclohepta-amylose in water. In: Lechner M.D. (eds) Diffusion in Gases, Liquids ... This chapter provides the diffusion coefficient of cyclohepta-amylose in water at different concentrations measured using ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-662-54089-3_1184

Amylose | definition of amylose by Medical dictionaryAmylose | definition of amylose by Medical dictionary

... amylose explanation free. What is amylose? Meaning of amylose medical term. What does amylose mean? ... Looking for online definition of amylose in the Medical Dictionary? ... amylose. Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. amylose. [am´ĭ-lōs] 1. any carbohydrate other than a glucose or ... amylose. a carbohydrate polymer composed of unbranched chains of GLUCOSE units. See STARCH.. amylose. 1. polysaccharide of d- ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/amylose

Metabolic Effects of High-amylose Wheat-based Breads - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govMetabolic Effects of High-amylose Wheat-based Breads - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Experimental: 70% amylose bread Mixed meal with 80g of available carbohydrates coming mainly from high-amylose bread (made with ... Experimental: 85% amylose bread Mixed meal with 80g of available carbohydrates coming mainly from high-amylose bread (made with ... The amylose-amylopectin ratio influences starch properties. A higher amylose content is associated with slower starch digestion ... Metabolic Effects of High-amylose Wheat-based Breads. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of ...
more infohttps://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03899974

Amylose protein - toxicity, ecological toxicity and regulatory informationAmylose protein - toxicity, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Amylose protein Illinois EPA list. Keith list. Colborn list. Benbrook list. Danish Inert list. EU list. Not Listed. Not Listed ... Amylose protein WHO Acute Hazard. TRI Acute Hazard. Material Safety Data Sheets. Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label. U.S ... Amylose protein CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin. U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin. CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin. CA Prop 65 ... Amylose protein IARC Carcinogens. U.S. NTP Carcinogens. California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens. U.S. EPA Carcinogens. TRI ...
more infohttp://www.pesticideinfo.org/Detail_Chemical.jsp?Rec_Id=PC43730

Amylose - WikipediaAmylose - Wikipedia

It is also used in amylose magnetic beads and resin to separate maltose-binding protein High-amylose varieties of rice, the ... H.-J. Chung, Q. Liu, Impact of molecular structure of amylopectin and amylose on amylose chain association during cooling, ... Amflora, genetically modified low amylose potato (high in amylopectin) Amylomaize, high amylose maize starch Russet Burbank ... high-amylose starch is more resistant to digestion. Unlike amylopectin, amylose is not soluble in cold water. It also reduces ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amylose

WO2017096411 AMYLOSE-LIPID COMPLEXESWO2017096411 AMYLOSE-LIPID COMPLEXES

The amylose-lipid complexes has nano-structure dimensions and can be used a fat replacer in foodstuffs. ... The invention provides a method for the manufacture of amylose-lipid complexes The method includes the steps of pasting a ... EN) AMYLOSE-LIPID COMPLEXES. (FR) COMPLEXES AMYLOSE-LIPIDE. Abstract: (EN) The invention provides a method for the manufacture ... The amylose-lipid complexes has nano-structure dimensions and can be used a fat replacer in foodstuffs.. (FR) Linvention ...
more infohttps://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2017096411

Fibers  | Free Full-Text | Hierarchically Self-Assembled Nanofiber Films from  Amylose-Grafted Carboxymethyl Cellulose | NotesFibers | Free Full-Text | Hierarchically Self-Assembled Nanofiber Films from Amylose-Grafted Carboxymethyl Cellulose | Notes

The mechanical properties of the films under tensile mode also depended on the self-assembled morphologies of the amylose- ... The films were obtained by drying aqueous alkaline solutions of the amylose-grafted NaCMCs. The scanning electron microscopy ( ... the fibers partially merged with each other at the interfacial area owing to the double helix formation between the amylose- ... 1-phosphate from the nonreducing ends of the primer chains on the products was conducted to produce the prescribed amylose- ...
more infohttp://www.mdpi.com/2079-6439/2/1/34/notes

Amylose In Relation To Diabetes - Diabetic LiveAmylose In Relation To Diabetes - Diabetic Live

Amylose In Relation To Diabetes: Amylose is a molecule that is found in starch. While most people who have not been science ... As studies show that an ongoing diet which contains foods that are rich in Amylose can be beneficial to a diabetic, this is ... While foods which are rich in Amylose can be beneficial in causing long term stabilization of blood sugar, some diabetics may ... Simply finding out which foods Amylose is present in, and attempting to adjust your everyday diet accordingly, can be greatly ...
more infohttps://www.diabeticlive.com/diet-and-exercise/nutrition/amylose-in-relation-to-diabetes/

Phenomenex HPLC Application #20088: Betaxolol on Lux 5µm Amylose-2 in NPPhenomenex HPLC Application #20088: Betaxolol on Lux 5µm Amylose-2 in NP

Column used: Lux® 5 µm Amylose-2, LC Column 250 x 4.6 mm, Ea Part#: 00G-4472-E0 ... SecurityGuard Cartridges, Lux Amylose-2, 4 x 3.0mm ID, 10/Pk Part No.: AJ0-8470. - Holder Part No.: KJ0-4282 ... Column: Lux® 5 µm Amylose-2, LC Column 250 x 4.6 mm, Ea ... Betaxolol on Lux 5µm Amylose-2 in NP. ...
more infohttp://www.phenomenex.com/Application/Detail/20088

Phenomenex HPLC Application #21018: Ambucetamide on Lux 5µm Amylose-2 by SFCPhenomenex HPLC Application #21018: Ambucetamide on Lux 5µm Amylose-2 by SFC

Column used: Lux® 5 µm Amylose-2, LC Column 250 x 4.6 mm, Ea Part#: 00G-4472-E0 ... SecurityGuard Cartridges, Lux Amylose-2, 4 x 3.0mm ID, 10/Pk Part No.: AJ0-8470. - Holder Part No.: KJ0-4282 ... Column: Lux® 5 µm Amylose-2, LC Column 250 x 4.6 mm, Ea ... Ambucetamide on Lux 5µm Amylose-2 by SFC. ...
more infohttp://www.phenomenex.com/Application/Detail/21018

Polymers | Free Full-Text | Preparation and Material Application of Amylose-Polymer Inclusion Complexes by Enzymatic...Polymers | Free Full-Text | Preparation and Material Application of Amylose-Polymer Inclusion Complexes by Enzymatic...

Amylose is a well-known polysaccharide and forms inclusion complexes with various hydrophobic small molecules. Pure amylose is ... We determined that a propagating chain of amylose during enzymatic polymerization wraps around hydrophobic polymers present in ... review presents our researches on the preparation and material application of inclusion complexes that comprises an amylose ... Amylose is a well-known polysaccharide and forms inclusion complexes with various hydrophobic small molecules. Pure amylose is ...
more infohttps://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/9/12/729

High fat diet partially attenuates fermentation responses in rats fed resistant starch from high-amylose maize.  - PubMed - NCBIHigh fat diet partially attenuates fermentation responses in rats fed resistant starch from high-amylose maize. - PubMed - NCBI

The effects of type 2 resistant starch from high-amylose maize (HAM-RS2) in rodents fed with low-fat diets were demonstrated in ... High fat diet partially attenuates fermentation responses in rats fed resistant starch from high-amylose maize.. Charrier JA1, ... High Fat Diet Partially Attenuates Fermentation Responses in Rats Fed Resistant Starch from High-Amylose Maize ... High Fat Diet Partially Attenuates Fermentation Responses in Rats Fed Resistant Starch from High-Amylose Maize ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23512798/

Molecular insights into how a deficiency of amylose affects carbon allocation--carbohydrate and oil analyses and gene...Molecular insights into how a deficiency of amylose affects carbon allocation--carbohydrate and oil analyses and gene...

... with a low content of amylose to gain molecular insight into how a deficiency of amylose affects carbon allocation to other end ... B) Content of total starch and amylose was determined as Sun et al. []. 1No significant difference of total starch content ... Carbohydrate analysis indicated that the content of amylose in GM077 seeds was significantly reduced, while that of amylopectin ... Molecular insights into how a deficiency of amylose affects carbon allocation--carbohydrate and oil analyses and gene ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=23217057

Inclusion complexes between amylose and polytetrahydrofurans. The supramolecular assembly of homopolymers and block copolymers ...Inclusion complexes between amylose and polytetrahydrofurans. The supramolecular assembly of homopolymers and block copolymers ...

Other polymers such as amylose-b-PTHFb- amylose and three-arm PTHF-b-amylose were synthesized and are also expected to act as ... the V 6II -amylose which indicates the presence of guest PTHF in between the amylose helices was observed in PTHF-bamylose. ... demonstrates that the complexed amylose is in the form of V-amylose with 6 glucose residues per helix turn (V 6 - amylose), ... Amylose is a linear polysaccharide having α -(1 -, 4)-glycosidic linkages. The single helical V-amylose has a hydrophobic ...
more infohttps://www.rug.nl/news/2012/05/20_rachmawati

YMC Chiral ART Amylose-C - YMC AmericaYMC Chiral ART Amylose-C - YMC America

Polysaccharide Chiral Phases. YMC Chiral ART phases are available in packed columns for analytical scale separations. Guard column cartridges and guard column cartridge holders are also available.. YMC Chiral ART Polysaccharide Phases exhibit high stereoselectivity. They are suitable for separations of a wide range of chiral compounds, cis-trans isomers, and geometric isomers.. Amylose and Cellulose phases are available in two types:. ...
more infohttps://www.ymcamerica.com/ymc-chiral-art-amylose-c-2/

NOMAC : New Tools for Managing the Fate of Cereal Nutrients in the Gut : Effects of Amylose Content on Glycemic Index. - Full...NOMAC : New Tools for Managing the Fate of Cereal Nutrients in the Gut : Effects of Amylose Content on Glycemic Index. - Full...

Experimental: Bread with 10% amylose content Bread with 10% amylose content. Dietary Supplement: 10% amylose bread 10% amylose ... Other: 20% amylose bread Dietary Supplement: 10% amylose bread Dietary Supplement: Carbohydrates ... To compare the glycemic index of breads made with different amylose content. (S1 to S6) A total of 6 visits. In each visit, ... NOMAC : New Tools for Managing the Fate of Cereal Nutrients in the Gut : Effects of Amylose Content on Glycemic Index. (NOMAC) ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01437917

YMC Chiral ART Amylose-SA Analytical Guard Columns - YMC AmericaYMC Chiral ART Amylose-SA Analytical Guard Columns - YMC America

Specifically, YMC Chiral Art Amylose-SA is an immobilized-type polysaccharide stationary phase [Amylose tris(3,5- ... Polysaccharide Chiral Phases: Amylose-SA. YMC Chiral ART Polysaccharide Phases exhibit high stereoselectivity. They are ...
more infohttps://www.ymcamerica.com/ymc-chiral-art-amylose-sa-analytical-guard-columns/

Field performance and starch characteristics of high-amylose potatoes obtained by antisense gene targeting of two branching...Field performance and starch characteristics of high-amylose potatoes obtained by antisense gene targeting of two branching...

Amylose starch from potatoes differs from cereal amyloses in several functionally important aspects, such as a higher degree of ... Amylose starch from potatoes differs from cereal amyloses in several functionally important aspects, such as a higher degree of ... Amylose starch from potatoes differs from cereal amyloses in several functionally important aspects, such as a higher degree of ... The high-amylose potato lines were tested in multiple year field trials of agronomic performance and were used for the pilot ...
more infohttps://lup.lub.lu.se/search/publication/139327

Increasing the amylose content of durum wheat through silencing of the SBEIIagenes | BMC Plant Biology | Full TextIncreasing the amylose content of durum wheat through silencing of the SBEIIagenes | BMC Plant Biology | Full Text

Amylose content can be modified by a targeted manipulation of the starch biosynthetic pathway. In particular, the inactivation ... Amylose content was markedly increased in the durum wheat transgenic lines exhibiting SBEIIa gene silencing. Moreover the ... RVA analysis showed new pasting properties associated with high amylose lines in comparison with untransformed controls. ... leading to high amylose wheat. Results obtained with two different methods of transformation and in two durum wheat cultivars ...
more infohttps://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2229-10-144

US6284273B1 - Cross-linked high amylose starch resistant to amylase as a matrix for the slow release of biologically active...US6284273B1 - Cross-linked high amylose starch resistant to amylase as a matrix for the slow release of biologically active...

... and cross-linked high amylose starch, wherein the cross-linking of the high amylose starch has been carried out with a covalent ... or non-covalent cross-linking agent with from about 0.1 g to about 30 g of cross-linking agent per 100 g of high amylose starch ... b) high amylose starch, wherein said high amylose starch comprises 10-60% by weight amylopectin and 40-90% by weight amylose; ... Amylose A contains 8 molecules of H2O and Amylose B (hydrated) contains 36 molecules of H2O per elementary cell unit. V-Amylose ...
more infohttps://patents.google.com/patent/US6284273B1/en

Effects of different emulsifiers on the bonding performance, freeze-thaw stability and retrogradation behavior of the resulting...Effects of different emulsifiers on the bonding performance, freeze-thaw stability and retrogradation behavior of the resulting...

... freeze-thaw stability and retrogradation behavior of the resulting high amylose starch-based wood adhesive, Geoderma" on ... Differences in amylose aggregation and starch gel formation with emulsifiers. Richardson, G.; Kidman, S.; Langton, M.; ... Effects of sucrose fatty acid esters on the stability and bonding performance of high amylose starch-based wood adhesive ... The addition of emulsifiers improved the performance and stability of high amylose starch based wood adhesive. ...
more infohttps://www.deepdyve.com/lp/elsevier/effects-of-different-emulsifiers-on-the-bonding-performance-freeze-OaYBzK3c0X

Association mapping of starch chain length distribution and amylose content in pea (Pisum sativum L.) using carbohydrate...Association mapping of starch chain length distribution and amylose content in pea (Pisum sativum L.) using carbohydrate...

To understand how allelic variation in the pea starch metabolic pathway affects starch structure and percent amylose, partial ... Variation in the percent amylose composition of extracted seed starch and (amylopectin) chain length distribution, one measure ... in carbohydrate and starch metabolic genes with variation in amylopectin chain length distribution and percent amylose may help ... was undertaken to identify polymorphisms associated with the variation in starch chain length distribution and percent amylose ...
more infohttps://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12870-017-1080-9

Degradation of the starch components amylopectin and amylose by barley α-amylase 1: Role of surface binding site 2 - DTU OrbitDegradation of the starch components amylopectin and amylose by barley α-amylase 1: Role of surface binding site 2 - DTU Orbit

Degradation of the starch components amylopectin and amylose by barley α-amylase 1: Role of surface binding site 2. Archives of ... Degradation of the starch components amylopectin and amylose by barley α-amylase 1: Role of surface binding site 2. Archives of ... Degradation of the starch components amylopectin and amylose by barley α-amylase 1: Role of surface binding site 2. Publication ... Degradation of the starch components amylopectin and amylose by barley α-amylase 1: Role of surface binding site 2. / Nielsen, ...
more infohttp://orbit.dtu.dk/en/publications/degradation-of-the-starch-components-amylopectin-and-amylose-by-barley-amylase-1-role-of-surface-binding-site-2
  • (EN) The invention provides a method for the manufacture of amylose-lipid complexes The method includes the steps of pasting a mixture of starch and a fatty acid until after the second biphasic peak viscosity is reached, hydrolysing the starch with a hydrolysing enzyme, and dispersing the hydrolysed starch and working up of the residue. (wipo.int)
  • This review presents our researches on the preparation and material application of inclusion complexes that comprises an amylose host and polymeric guests through phosphorylase-catalyzed enzymatic polymerization. (mdpi.com)
  • Amylose is a well-known polysaccharide and forms inclusion complexes with various hydrophobic small molecules. (mdpi.com)
  • The products of vine-twining polymerization form polymeric continuums of inclusion complexes, where the enzymatically produced amylose chains elongate from the conjugates included in the guest segments of the other conjugates. (mdpi.com)
  • Inclusion complexes between amylose and polytetrahydrofurans. (rug.nl)
  • The complexes were formed immediately upon mixing of soluble amylose and emulsified PTHF. (rug.nl)
  • This structure was also observed for complexation of low DP n PTHF with PTHF- b amylose (t m complexes 120-139 °C). However, the V 6II -amylose which indicates the presence of guest PTHF in between the amylose helices was observed in PTHF- b amylose. (rug.nl)
  • So far, limited evidence is available on the metabolic effect of wheat-based foods rich in amylose. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This randomised controlled study investigated the acute metabolic effects of amylose-rich wheat-based breads in overweight subjects focusing on potential mechanisms. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Participants received in random order the three test meal (700Kcal, 80g available carbohydrates) containing breads prepared with amylose-rich wheat flours (70% or 85%) or conventional flour. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We have found that the silencing of SBEIIa genes in durum wheat causes obvious alterations in granule morphology and starch composition, leading to high amylose wheat. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Analyses of carbohydrate and oil fractions and gene expression profiling on a global scale in the rice waxy mutant GM077 revealed several candidate genes implicated in the carbon reallocation response to an amylose deficiency, including genes encoding AGPase and SUSIBA2-like. (nih.gov)
  • Understanding carbon partitioning in cereal seeds is of critical importance to develop cereal crops with enhanced starch yields for food security and for producing specified end-products high in amylose, β-glucan, or fructan, such as functional foods or oils for biofuel applications. (nih.gov)
  • Amylose starch from potatoes differs from cereal amyloses in several functionally important aspects, such as a higher degree of polymerization. (lu.se)
  • It can be assumed that this wastewater is comprised of acids, such as acetic, butyric, propionic, butyric and lactic acids, and the products of amylose and amylopectin degradation, such as dextrin, oligosaccharides and monosaccharides (data non published). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • When other things including amylopectin bind to amylose, the viscosity can be affected, but incorporating κ-carrageenan, alginate, xanthan gum, or low-molecular-weight sugars can reduce the loss in stability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both major alleles (Wxi and SSIIaj) reduced peak viscosity (PV), onset, peak and end gelatinization temperatures (GTs) of amylopectin, and increased amylose-lipid complex dissociation enthalpy compared with their counterpart-alleles, respectively.SBEIIai and SBEIIbj decreased PV, whereas SSIi and SBEIIbj decreased FV.SBEIi reduced setback viscosity and gelatinization enthalpy. (nih.gov)
  • Topics of the other nine chapters include microalgae in novel food products, the ochratoxin A concentration in wines, the role of amylose and amylopectin in starchy foods, protein and lipid recovery from food processing by-products, and the gelation of high methoxy pectins. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Amylose concentration in barley grain is one of the important quality traits. (usda.gov)
  • Both mutants showed loss of Wx protein and amylose. (springer.com)
  • Molecular insights into how a deficiency of amylose affects carbon allocation--carbohydrate and oil analyses and gene expression profiling in the s. (nih.gov)
  • A single inserted gene construct for the inhibition of both forms resulted in structural changes of the starch to levels of branching that were below the commercially available amylose standards of potato. (lu.se)
  • The Wx gene locus was determined to be polymorphic, and was positively correlated with amylose. (agriculturejournals.cz)
  • Bollieh C.N., Webb B.D. (1973): Inheritance of amylose in two hybrid populations of rice. (agriculturejournals.cz)
  • Gelatinized starch is, in essence, an amylose gel network with the swollen granules as filler . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The transmission electron microscopic images of GEMS-0067 endosperm tissues harvested at an early stage (20 days after pollination) of the kernel development showed that the elongated starch granules formed by fusion of small granules through amylose interaction in the amyloplast at the early stage of granule development. (iastate.edu)
  • However, studies on the changes in starch granules in terms of morphology, swelling, amylose leaching and so on during gelatinization, which are key to uncovering the starch gelatinization process, have rarely been reported. (usda.gov)
  • However, amylose has been identified as a component of floridean starch granules in some cases, particularly in unicellular red algae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The carbon atoms on glucose are numbered, starting at the aldehyde (C=O) carbon, so, in amylose, the 1-carbon on one glucose molecule is linked to the 4-carbon on the next glucose molecule (α(1→4) bonds). (wikipedia.org)
  • Amylose is a molecule that is found in starch. (diabeticlive.com)
  • In the presence of flavor compounds, amylose changes from a double helix to a single helix. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Additionally, X-ray diffraction (XRD) demonstrates that the complexed amylose is in the form of V-amylose with 6 glucose residues per helix turn (V 6 - amylose), possibly a mixture or an intermediate between V 6I - and V 6II -amylose. (rug.nl)
  • Mutational analysis of Tyr-380 situated at SBS2 previously revealed that Tyr-380 is required for binding of the amylose helix mimic, β-cyclodextrin. (dtu.dk)
  • A bioinformatics analysis of the putative SUSIBA2-like binding elements in the promoter regions of the upregulated genes indicated that the SUSIBA2-like transcription factor may be instrumental in promoting the carbon reallocation from amylose to amylopectin. (nih.gov)
  • To understand how allelic variation in the pea starch metabolic pathway affects starch structure and percent amylose, partial sequences of 25 candidate genes were characterized for polymorphisms using a panel of 92 diverse pea lines. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The association of polymorphisms in carbohydrate and starch metabolic genes with variation in amylopectin chain length distribution and percent amylose may help to guide manipulation of pea seed starch structural and functional properties through plant breeding. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Between the Wxi allele group (containing average 22.0% amylose) and the Wxj allele group (containing average 13.1% amylose), the former contained ~9% significantly higher AC than the latter. (nih.gov)
  • The present invention relates to a slow release pharmaceutical tablet, and more particularly to a slow release pharmaceutical tablet incorporating a covalent or non-covalent cross-linked polymer of a mixture of amylose and amylopectin as the slow release matrix. (google.com)
  • Ahmad, Naveed 2019-02-15 00:00:00 The addition of emulsifiers improved the performance and stability of high amylose starch based wood adhesive. (deepdyve.com)
  • While most people who have not been science majors may be either disinterested or even overwhelmed by a discussion of the chemical composition and purpose of Amylose, diabetics who need to regulate their diets may appreciate an overview of what Amylose is all about. (diabeticlive.com)
  • Variation in the percent amylose composition of extracted seed starch and (amylopectin) chain length distribution, one measure of starch structure, were characterized for these lines. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Association mapping was undertaken to identify polymorphisms associated with the variation in starch chain length distribution and percent amylose, using a mixed linear model that incorporated population structure and kinship. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the interest of your long term health, and to avoid the possibility of any unnecessary complications , it is essential that you do not try to switch to either a high-Amylose diet for the purpose of blood sugar regulating, nor to eliminate Amylose-rich foods altogether in an attempt to lose weight . (diabeticlive.com)
  • High-amylose potato lines have been achieved by inhibiting the two known branching enzyme forms of potato. (lu.se)
  • The high-amylose potato lines were tested in multiple year field trials of agronomic performance and were used for the pilot plant production of starch. (lu.se)
  • RVA analysis showed new pasting properties associated with high amylose lines in comparison with untransformed controls. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The addition of emulsifiers improved the performance and stability of high amylose starch based wood adhesive. (deepdyve.com)
  • Winkelmann J. (2018) Diffusion coefficient of cyclohepta-amylose in water. (springer.com)