Amputation: The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.Amputation Stumps: The part of a limb or tail following amputation that is proximal to the amputated section.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Pain Management: A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Dictionaries, MedicalCompression Bandages: Strips of elastic material used to apply pressure to body parts to control EDEMA and aid circulation.Bandages: Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.Stockings, Compression: Tight coverings for the foot and leg that are worn to aid circulation in the legs, and prevent the formation of EDEMA and DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS. PNEUMATIC COMPRESSION STOCKINGS serve a similar purpose especially for bedridden patients, and following surgery.Varicose Ulcer: Skin breakdown or ulceration caused by VARICOSE VEINS in which there is too much hydrostatic pressure in the superficial venous system of the leg. Venous hypertension leads to increased pressure in the capillary bed, transudation of fluid and proteins into the interstitial space, altering blood flow and supply of nutrients to the skin and subcutaneous tissues, and eventual ulceration.Leg Ulcer: Ulceration of the skin and underlying structures of the lower extremity. About 90% of the cases are due to venous insufficiency (VARICOSE ULCER), 5% to arterial disease, and the remaining 5% to other causes.Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Bandages, Hydrocolloid: Dressings comprised of a self-adhesive matrix to which hydrophilic absorbent particles are embedded. The particles consist of CELLULOSE derivatives; calcium ALGINATES; PECTINS; or GELS. The utility is based on providing a moist environment for WOUND HEALING.Occlusive Dressings: Material, usually gauze or absorbent cotton, used to cover and protect wounds, to seal them from contact with air or bacteria. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Dictionaries, ChemicalTerminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Surgical Flaps: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.Mammaplasty: Surgical reconstruction of the breast including both augmentation and reduction.Facial Hemiatrophy: A syndrome characterized by slowly progressive unilateral atrophy of facial subcutaneous fat, muscle tissue, skin, cartilage, and bone. The condition typically progresses over a period of 2-10 years and then stabilizes.Surgery, Plastic: The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.Lipectomy: Removal of localized SUBCUTANEOUS FAT deposits by SUCTION CURETTAGE or blunt CANNULATION in the cosmetic correction of OBESITY and other esthetic contour defects.Buttocks: Either of two fleshy protuberances at the lower posterior section of the trunk or HIP in humans and primate on which a person or animal sits, consisting of gluteal MUSCLES and fat.Skin Pigmentation: Coloration of the skin.Transplantation, Autologous: Transplantation of an individual's own tissue from one site to another site.Tissue Survival: The span of viability of a tissue or an organ.Poly A: A group of adenine ribonucleotides in which the phosphate residues of each adenine ribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the ribose moieties.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Fagopyrum: A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that is used as an EDIBLE GRAIN. Although the seeds are used as cereal, the plant is not one of the cereal grasses (POACEAE).Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Medical Staff: Professional medical personnel who provide care to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Life Tables: Summarizing techniques used to describe the pattern of mortality and survival in populations. These methods can be applied to the study not only of death, but also of any defined endpoint such as the onset of disease or the occurrence of disease complications.Job Application: Process of applying for employment. It includes written application for employment or personal appearance.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Arm Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.Leg Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.Wound Healing: Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Conflict (Psychology): The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Accident Proneness: Tendency toward involvement in accidents. Implies certain personality characteristics which predispose to accidents.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: Compression of the ULNAR NERVE in the cubital tunnel, which is formed by the two heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle, humeral-ulnar aponeurosis, and medial ligaments of the elbow. This condition may follow trauma or occur in association with processes which produce nerve enlargement or narrowing of the canal. Manifestations include elbow pain and PARESTHESIA radiating distally, weakness of ulnar innervated intrinsic hand muscles, and loss of sensation over the hypothenar region, fifth finger, and ulnar aspect of the ring finger. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p43)Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome: Entrapment of the distal branches of the posterior TIBIAL NERVE (which divides into the medial plantar, lateral plantar, and calcanial nerves) in the tarsal tunnel, which lies posterior to the internal malleolus and beneath the retinaculum of the flexor muscles of the foot. Symptoms include ankle pain radiating into the foot which tends to be aggravated by walking. Examination may reveal Tinel's sign (radiating pain following nerve percussion) over the tibial nerve at the ankle, weakness and atrophy of the small foot muscles, or loss of sensation in the foot. (From Foot Ankle 1990;11(1):47-52)Brachial Plexus Neuritis: A syndrome associated with inflammation of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS. Clinical features include severe pain in the shoulder region which may be accompanied by MUSCLE WEAKNESS and loss of sensation in the upper extremity. This condition may be associated with VIRUS DISEASES; IMMUNIZATION; SURGERY; heroin use (see HEROIN DEPENDENCE); and other conditions. The term brachial neuralgia generally refers to pain associated with brachial plexus injury. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1355-6)Ulnar Nerve Compression Syndromes: Ulnar neuropathies caused by mechanical compression of the nerve at any location from its origin at the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its terminations in the hand. Common sites of compression include the retroepicondylar groove, cubital tunnel at the elbow (CUBITAL TUNNEL SYNDROME), and Guyon's canal at the wrist. Clinical features depend on the site of injury, but may include weakness or paralysis of wrist flexion, finger flexion, and ulnar innervated intrinsic hand muscles, and impaired sensation over the ulnar aspect of the hand, fifth finger, and ulnar half of the ring finger. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p43)Musculoskeletal Abnormalities: Congenital structural abnormalities and deformities of the musculoskeletal system.Complex Regional Pain Syndromes: Conditions characterized by pain involving an extremity or other body region, HYPERESTHESIA, and localized autonomic dysfunction following injury to soft tissue or nerve. The pain is usually associated with ERYTHEMA; SKIN TEMPERATURE changes, abnormal sudomotor activity (i.e., changes in sweating due to altered sympathetic innervation) or edema. The degree of pain and other manifestations is out of proportion to that expected from the inciting event. Two subtypes of this condition have been described: type I; (REFLEX SYMPATHETIC DYSTROPHY) and type II; (CAUSALGIA). (From Pain 1995 Oct;63(1):127-33)Metacarpus: The region of the HAND between the WRIST and the FINGERS.Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Entrapment of the MEDIAN NERVE in the carpal tunnel, which is formed by the flexor retinaculum and the CARPAL BONES. This syndrome may be associated with repetitive occupational trauma (CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS); wrist injuries; AMYLOID NEUROPATHIES; rheumatoid arthritis (see ARTHRITIS, RHEUMATOID); ACROMEGALY; PREGNANCY; and other conditions. Symptoms include burning pain and paresthesias involving the ventral surface of the hand and fingers which may radiate proximally. Impairment of sensation in the distribution of the median nerve and thenar muscle atrophy may occur. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p45)Metacarpophalangeal Joint: The articulation between a metacarpal bone and a phalanx.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Amputation, Traumatic: Loss of a limb or other bodily appendage by accidental injury.Artificial Limbs: Prosthetic replacements for arms, legs, and parts thereof.Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Genetic Privacy: The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.Clonidine: An imidazoline sympatholytic agent that stimulates ALPHA-2 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS and central IMIDAZOLINE RECEPTORS. It is commonly used in the management of HYPERTENSION.Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Adrenergic alpha-Agonists: Drugs that selectively bind to and activate alpha adrenergic receptors.Myocytes, Cardiac: Striated muscle cells found in the heart. They are derived from cardiac myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, CARDIAC).Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Cardiac Output: The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Cardiac Output, Low: A state of subnormal or depressed cardiac output at rest or during stress. It is a characteristic of CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, including congenital, valvular, rheumatic, hypertensive, coronary, and cardiomyopathic. The serious form of low cardiac output is characterized by marked reduction in STROKE VOLUME, and systemic vasoconstriction resulting in cold, pale, and sometimes cyanotic extremities.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.

RA regulation of keratin expression and myogenesis suggests different ways of regenerating muscle in adult amphibian limbs. (1/114)

Formation of a regeneration blastema following limb amputation is believed to occur through a process of dedifferentiation. It has been suggested, however, that the cells contributed to the blastema by the stump muscle are satellite-like cells, rather than cells originated by dedifferentiation. We have previously shown that simple epithelial keratins 8 and 18 are expressed in the mesenchymal progenitor cells of the regenerating amphibian limb and in cultured cells with myogenic potential, and that their expression appears to be causally related to changes in proliferation and differentiation. We show here that retinoic acid (RA) affects the expression of these keratins differently in myogenic cells originated from normal limb and limb blastema. Furthermore, we find that the effects of RA on proliferation, myogenic differentiation and adhesion of these cells also differ. In fact, whereas RA does not affect keratin expression, proliferation or myogenic differentiation in blastemal cells, it does decrease keratin levels and thymidine incorporation and increase myogenesis in cells from normal limb. Conversely, RA increases cell adhesion only in blastemal cells. Significantly, these effects of RA on cultured cells are consistent with those observed in vivo. Overall the results presented here suggest that in the urodele limb there are two distinct cell populations with myogenic potential, one originating from dedifferentiation and one equivalent to the satellite cells of the mammalian muscle, which are likely to be primarily involved in blastema formation and muscle repair, respectively.  (+info)

Lengthening of congenital below-elbow amputation stumps by the Ilizarov technique. (2/114)

Patients with short congenital amputations below the elbow often function as if they have had a disarticulation of the elbow. We have reviewed the results in six patients who had lengthening of such stumps by the Ilizarov technique to improve the fitting of prostheses. The mean lengthening was 5.6 cm (3.4 to 8.4), and in two patients flexion contractures of the elbows were corrected simultaneously. Additional lateral distraction was used in one patient to provide a better surface on the stump. There were no major complications. All six patients were able to use their prosthesis at the latest follow-up after 39 to 78 months.  (+info)

Thalamic and cortical contributions to neural plasticity after limb amputation. (3/114)

Little is known about the substrates for the large-scale shifts in the cortical representation produced by limb amputation. Subcortical changes likely contribute to the cortical remodeling, yet there is little data regarding the extent and pattern of reorganization in thalamus after such a massive deafferentation. Moreover, the relationship between changes in thalamus and in cortex after injuries of this nature is virtually unexplored. Multiunit microelectrode maps were made in the somatosensory thalamus and cortex of two monkeys that had long-standing, accidental forelimb amputations. In the deprived portion of the ventroposterior nucleus of the thalamus (VP), where stimulation to the hand would normally activate neurons, new receptive fields had emerged. At some recording sites within the deprived zone of VP, neurons responded to stimulation of the remaining stump of the arm and at other sites neurons responded to stimulation of both the stump and the face. This same overall pattern of reorganization was present in the deprived hand representation of cortical area 3b. Thus thalamic changes produced by limb amputation appear to be an important substrate of cortical reorganization. However, a decrease in the frequency of abnormal stump/face fields in area 3b compared with VP and a reduction in the size of the fields suggests that cortical mechanisms of plasticity may refine the information relayed from thalamus.  (+info)

Suppression of hindlimb inputs to S-I forelimb-stump representation of rats with neonatal forelimb removal: GABA receptor blockade and single-cell responses. (4/114)

Neonatal forelimb removal in rats results in the development of inappropriate hindlimb inputs in the forelimb-stump representation of primary somatosensory cortex (S-I) that are revealed when GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptor activity are blocked. Experiments carried out to date have not made clear what information is being suppressed at the level of individual neurons. In this study, three potential ways in which GABA-mediated inhibition could suppress hindlimb expression in the S-I stump representation were evaluated: silencing S-I neurons with dual stump and hindlimb receptive fields, silencing neurons with receptive fields restricted to the hindlimb alone, and/or selective silencing of hindlimb inputs to neurons that normally express a stump receptive field only. These possibilities were tested using single-unit recording techniques to evaluate the receptive fields of S-I forelimb-stump neurons before, during, and after blockade of GABA receptors with bicuculline methiodide (for GABA(A)) and saclofen (for GABA(B)). Recordings were also made from normal rats for comparison. Of 92 neurons recorded from the S-I stump representation of neonatally amputated rats, only 2.2% had receptive fields that included the hindlimb prior to GABA receptor blockade. During GABA receptor blockade, 54.3% of these cells became responsive to the hindlimb, and in all but two cases, these same neurons also expressed a stump receptive field. Most of these cells (82.0%) expressed only stump receptive fields prior to GABA receptor blockade. In 71 neurons recorded from normal rats, only 5 became responsive to the hindlimb during GABA receptor blockade. GABA receptor blockade of cortical neurons, in both normal and neonatally amputated rats, resulted in significant enlargements of receptive fields as well as the emergence of receptive fields for neurons that were normally unresponsive. GABA receptor blockade also resulted in increases in both the spontaneous activity and response magnitudes of these neurons. These data support the conclusion that GABA mechanisms generally act to specifically suppress hindlimb inputs to S-I forelimb-stump neurons that normally express a receptive field on the forelimb stump only.  (+info)

Reorganization of primary motor cortex in adult macaque monkeys with long-standing amputations. (5/114)

The organization of primary motor cortex (M1) of adult macaque monkeys was examined years after therapeutic amputation of part of a limb or digits. For each case, a large number of sites in M1 were electrically stimulated with a penetrating microelectrode, and the evoked movements and levels of current needed to evoke the movements were recorded. Results from four monkeys with the loss of a forelimb near or above the elbow show that extensive regions of cortex formerly devoted to the missing hand evoked movements of the stump and the adjoining shoulder. Threshold current levels for stump movements were comparable to those for normal arm movements. Few or no sites in the estimated former territory of the hand evoked face movements. Similar patterns of reorganization were observed in all four cases, which included two monkeys injured as adults, one as a juvenile, and one as an infant. In a single monkey with a hindlimb amputation at the knee as an infant, stimulation of cortex in the region normally devoted to the foot moved the leg stump, again at thresholds in the range for normal movements. Finally, in a monkey that had lost digit 5 and the distal phalanges of digits 2-4 at 2 yr of age, much of the hand portion of M1 was devoted to movements of the digit stumps.  (+info)

The use of bone bridges in transtibial amputations. (6/114)

We sought to describe the bone bridge technique in adults, and present a variation for use in children, as well as to present its applicability as an option in elective transtibial amputations. This paper presents a prospective study of 15 transtibial amputations performed between 1992 and 1995 in which the bone bridge technique was employed. The patients' ages ranged from 8 to 48 years, with an average of 22.5 years. This technique consisted of the preparation of a cylinder of periosteum extracted from the tibia and with cortical bone fragments attached to it to promote a tibiofibular synostosis on the distal extremity of the amputation stump. We noted that the cortical bone fragments were dispensable when the technique was employed in children, due to the increased osteogenic capacity of the periosteum. This led to a variation of the original technique, a bone bridge without the use of the cortical bone fragments. RESULTS: The average time spent with this procedure, without any significant variation between adults and children, was 171 minutes. The adaptation to the definitive prosthesis was accomplished between 20 and 576 days, with an average of 180 days. Revision of the procedure was necessary in 3 amputations. CONCLUSIONS: This technique may be employed in transtibial amputations in which the final length of the stump lies next to the musculotendinous transition of the gastrocnemius muscle, as well as in the revision of amputation stumps in children, where the procedure has been shown to be effective in the prevention of lesions due to excessive bone growth.  (+info)

Intracortical pathway involving dysgranular cortex conveys hindlimb inputs to S-I forelimb-stump representation of neonatally amputated rats. (7/114)

Reorganization of the primary somatosensory cortex (S-I) forelimb-stump representation of rats that sustained neonatal forelimb removal is characterized by the expression of hindlimb inputs that are revealed when cortical GABA receptors are pharmacologically blocked. Recent work has shown that the majority of these inputs are transmitted from the S-I hindlimb representation to the forelimb-stump field via an, as yet, unidentified pathway between these regions. In this study, we tested the possibility that hindlimb inputs to the S-I forelimb-stump representation of neonatally amputated rats are conveyed through an intracortical pathway between the S-I hindlimb and forelimb-stump representations that involves the intervening dysgranular cortex by transiently inactivating this area and evaluating the effect on hindlimb expression in the S-I forelimb-stump representation during GABA receptor blockade. Of 332 S-I forelimb-stump recording sites from six neonatally amputated rats, 68.3% expressed hindlimb inputs during GABA receptor blockade. Inactivation of dysgranular cortex with cobalt chloride (CoCl(2)) resulted in a significant decrease in the number of hindlimb responsive sites (9.5%, P < 0.001 vs. cortex during GABA receptor blockade before CoCl(2) treatment). Results were also compiled from S-I forelimb recording sites from three normal rats: 14.1% of 136 sites were responsive to the hindlimb during GABA receptor blockade, and all of these responses were abolished during inactivation of dysgranular cortex with CoCl(2) (P < 0.05). These results indicate that the S-I hindlimb representation transmits inputs to the forelimb-stump field of neonatally amputated rats through a polysynaptic intracortical pathway involving dysgranular cortex. Furthermore the findings from normal rats suggest that this pathway might reflect the amplification of a neuronal circuit normally present between the two representations.  (+info)

Spinal cord atrophy and reorganization of motoneuron connections following long-standing limb loss in primates. (8/114)

Primates with long-standing therapeutic amputations of a limb at a young age were used to investigate the possibility that deefferented motor nerves sprout to new muscle targets. Injections of anatomical tracers into the muscles proximal to the amputated stump labeled a larger extent of motoneurons than matched injections on the intact side or in normal animals, including motoneurons that would normally supply only the missing limb muscles. Although the total numbers of distal limb motoneurons remained normal, some distal limb motoneurons on the amputated side were smaller in size and simpler in form. These results suggest that deprived motoneurons survive and retain function by reinnervating new muscle targets. The sprouted motor efferents may account for some of the reorganization of primary motor cortex that follows long-standing amputation.  (+info)

*Stump sock

They are worn on amputation stumps for a number of reasons. As stump socks are typically worn on body parts that do not contain ... The skin of amputation stumps can be very sensitive to allergic, chemical or mechanical irritation and thus may have to be ... Amputation stumps can be sensitive to cold or heat, particularly as their capacity to regulate tissue congestion is limited. ... Stump socks are tubular medical or clothing accessories with a blind end that are fashioned similar to socks, usually without a ...

*Lymphatic filariasis

... and amputation stumps are affected less frequently. However, various species of filarial worms tend to affect different parts ...

*Casey Owens

The muscle and skin flaps on his amputation stumps failed to close properly and resulted in nonhealing wounds. Owens said he ... subsequently underwent repeated amputations which further reduced the size of his stumps while a patient at VA and military ... His injuries resulted in the amputation of his right leg above the knee and his left leg below the knee. Owens underwent ...

*Godfrey Huggins

His surgical work at this time led to his writing a book, Amputation Stumps: Their Care and After Treatment (Frowde, Hodder & ...

*Regeneration (biology)

After amputation, the epidermis migrates to cover the stump in 1-2 hours, forming a structure called the wound epithelium (WE ... After amputation, stump cells form a blastema formed from neoblasts, pluripotent cells found throughout the planarian body. New ... Amputation is also thought to cause a large migration of cells to the injury site, and these form a wound plug. Tissue ... Following amputation, most annelids are capable of sealing their body via rapid muscular contraction. Constriction of body ...

*Hermann Krukenberg

This procedure involves separation of the ulna and radius bones in order to convert a below-elbow amputation stump into a " ...

*List of MeSH codes (A01)

... amputation stumps MeSH A01.378.610 --- lower extremity MeSH A01.378.610.100 --- buttocks MeSH A01.378.610.250 --- foot MeSH ...

*Nellie Unthank

Because of the imprecise amputation, her stumps never healed and were bloody for the rest of her life. She became a symbol for ...

*Replantation

... requiring revision amputation of the stump. Replantation requires microsurgery and must be performed within several hours of ... In replantation surgery following macro-amputation (e.g. arm or leg amputation) maximal length of the replanted extremity can ... Märdian S, Krapohl BD, Roffeis J, Disch AC, Schaser KD, Schwabe P. Complete major amputation of the upper extremity: Early ... Win, Thet Su; Henderson, James (2014-02-10). "Management of traumatic amputations of the upper limb". BMJ (Clinical research ed ...

*The Goddamn George Liquor Program

Stump - Stump, George Liquor's family doctor, prescribes amputation as treatment for various ills. Harvey Whiteman, the Barber ...

*Phantom limb

In extreme cases, surgeons would perform a second amputation, shortening the stump, with the hope of removing the inflamed ... "Amputation, Prosthesis Use, and Phantom Limb Pain", Amputation, Prosthesis Use, and Phantom Limb Pain, Springer: 1-5, doi: ... Phantom sensations may also occur after the removal of body parts other than the limbs, e.g. after amputation of the breast, ... Sherman, R. A., Sherman, C.J. & Parker, L. (1984). "Chronic phantom and stump pain among American veterans: Results of a survey ...

*Osseointegration Group of Australia

... the world to be fitted with a bionic limb after lengthening her bone by two inches as the remaining stump after her amputation ... Iain McGregor from New Zealand was the first patient in the southern hemisphere to go straight from amputation to bionic leg. ...

*On My Way to Paradise

The bloody stump on the end of her arm, signifying a traumatic amputation. It transpires that she is on the run from powerful ...

*Phantom pain

Although it has not been fully explored, one investigation of lower limb amputation observed that as stump length decreased, ... phantom limb pain occurs almost exclusively as a result of amputation. Almost immediately following the amputation of a limb, ... Although stump neuromas contribute to phantom pains, they are not the sole cause. This is because patients with congenital limb ... Sensations are recorded most frequently following the amputation of an arm or a leg, but may also occur following the removal ...

*Pain

Phantom limb, phantom pain and stump pain in amputees during the first 6 months following limb amputation. Pain. 1983;17(3):243 ... Local anesthetic injections into the nerves or sensitive areas of the stump may relieve pain for days, weeks, or sometimes ... Vigorous vibration or electrical stimulation of the stump, or current from electrodes surgically implanted onto the spinal cord ... Immediate and long-term phantom limb pain in amputees: incidence, clinical characteristics and relationship to pre-amputation ...

*Forequarter amputation

He was left with a gangrenous stump and had a few days to live. "The first thing I realised when I saw J was that he was dying ... Forequarter amputation is amputation of the arm, scapula and clavicle. It is usually performed as a last resort to remove a ... A further amputation had left him open to infection, and now he was facing the prospect of an awful, agonising death over a ... "British surgeon tells of how he carried out amputation via text message". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-07-06. "Surgeon saves ...

*T42 (classification)

People with arm amputations in this class can have elevated padded blocks to place their stumps on for the start of the race. ... The nature of an A9 athletes's amputations can effect their physiology and sports performance. Because they are missing a limb ... applying to athletes with single above the knee amputations or a disability that is comparable. This class includes ISOD ... "Single above knee amputees and athletes with other impairments that are comparable to a single above knee amputation. This ...

*T45 (classification)

People with arm amputations in this class can have elevated padded blocks to place their stumps on for the start of the race. ... For A5 and A7 competitors in this class, the nature of a person's amputations in this class can effect their physiology and ... for people with double above or below the elbow amputations, or a similar disability. The class includes people who are ISOD ... Sometimes the health examination may not be done on site because the nature of the amputation could cause not physically ...

*T47 (classification)

People with arm amputations in this class can have elevated padded blocks to place their stumps on for the start of the race. ... Sometimes the health examination may not be done on site because the nature of the amputation could cause not physically ... The nature of a person's amputations in this class can effect their physiology and sports performance. Because they are missing ... Classification is often based on the anatomical nature of the amputation. The classification system takes several things into ...

*T43 (classification)

People with arm amputations in this class can have elevated padded blocks to place their stumps on for the start of the race. ... For people in this class with amputations, classification is often based on the anatomical nature of the amputation. The ... "Double below knee amputation (or combined arm/leg amputation) or similar disability." It includes ISOD classified athletes from ... People in this class use around 7% more oxygen to walk or run the same distance as someone without a lower limb amputation. ...

*Medicine in the American Civil War

A flap of skin was saved, and stitched to the stump to cover the wound. There were two types of amputations, primary and ... The primary amputation was done between 24-48 hours after the injury. The secondary amputation was done after a longer period ... The most common battlefield operation was amputation. If a soldier was badly wounded in the arm or leg, amputation was usually ... Amputations had to be made at the point above where the wound occurred, often leaving men with stub limbs. ...

*ICD-9-CM Volume 3

Abdominopelvic amputation Hemipelvectomy (84.2) Reattachment of extremity (84.3) Revision of amputation stump (84.4) ... Amputation of lower limb (84.10) Lower limb amputation, not otherwise specified (84.11) Amputation of toe (84.12) Amputation ... Other amputation below knee (84.16) Disarticulation of knee (84.17) Amputation above knee (84.18) Disarticulation of hip (84.19 ... Amputation of penis (64.4) Repair and plastic operation on penis (64.5) Operations for sex transformation, not elsewhere ...

*LW2 (classification)

When falling, skiers in this class with above the knee amputations are taught to try to prevent the stump of their leg from ... A skier with an above the knee amputation may have a better ability to complete turns on the opposite of their amputation. In ... It is for people with a severe disability in a lower limb, which may be a result of an amputation, arthrodesis in the leg and ... When working on side stepping, the skier is supported to keep the stump of their leg on the uphill side. Elite skiers are ...

*Stump

... nicknamed Stump The remains of a limb after amputation A coastal landform which forms when a stack (geology) is eroded Stump ( ... Stump may refer to: Stump (band), a band from Cork, Ireland Stump (cricket), one of three small wooden posts which the fielding ... Stump (drawing), an artists' drawing tool made of rolled paper USS Stump (DD-978), a Spruance-class destroyer Tree stump, the ... "Stump" Cross, of Stump and Stumpy, American dance performers during the 1930s-50s Stump Edington (1891-1969), American baseball ...

*Medieval medicine of Western Europe

The stump was then bandaged and left to heal. The rates of mortality among amputation patients was around 39%, that number grew ... After amputation the common procedure was to cauterize the open end of the amputated appendage to stop the haemorrhaging. This ... If the wound was too advance for simple stitch and bandage, it would often result in amputation of the limb. Surgeons of the ... He was the first to design artificial hands and limbs for amputation patients. On one of the artificial hands, the two pairs of ...

*Hand transplantation

Then he sutured them together and attached them to the stump of bone to keep them from retracting. This is the first known hand ... On June 23, 2015, Koch had the amputation surgery also performed by Dr. Kodi Azari, that was designed to prep him to receive a ... Azari's theory, that prepping the hand for a transplant during the initial amputation surgery, would later be supported by Koch ... The long-term functionality varies patient to patient and is affected by several factors including level of amputation and ...
Amputation, Amputation Stump, Infection, Limb, Patient, Patients, Wound, Wound Infection, Sclerotherapy, Ulcers, Venous Ulcers, Recurrence, Saphenous Vein, Surgery, Varicose Vein, Vein, Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm, Aged, Aneurysm, Aortic Aneurysm
The Medigrip Elasticated Tubular Support Bandage is constructed of a durable knitted fabric with interwoven elastomer, making it a practical, easy-to-use solution to the problems posed by soft tissue injuries and sprains. Also suitable for a wide range of clinical uses including the management of hypertrophic scarring, support for amputation stumps, reduction of edema, assisting venous return and prevention of varicose veins. Each roll is 11 yds in length.Medigrip Elasticated Tubular Bandage Stabilizes Soft Tissue Injuries and SprainsMedigrip Elasticated Tubular Bandage - Size F, 4" Wide For Large Knees Or ...
Nursing wounds can be added to the simulator for realism in wound assessment and care scenarios.. • Chest surgical incision with skin staples (lay-on). • Abdominal packing and irrigation wound (lay-on). • Abdominal surgical incision lay-ons, one with nylon sutures and penrose drain and one with staples and penrose drain. • Infected colostomy stoma. • Lacerated hand. • Gluteal and ventro-gluteal pressure ulcer modules. • Thigh packing and irrigation wound. • Thigh suture module. • Thigh debridement module. • Below knee amputation stump. • Varicose vein leg with stasis ulcer. • Diabetic foot with gangrenous toes and heel decubitus ulcer. ...
Surgical Sally- A readily available patient with 14 surgical wounds including a Mid-Sternal Split with two simulated drains, a Sacral Decubitus Ulcer - Stage 2, and a Leg Amputation Stump. The skin has also been reformulated so it is drier, allowing
These modules can also be used with Nursing Anne manikins with the exception of the chest surgical incision module, the lacerated hand with forearm, the below elbow amputation stump and the ventral and dorsal gluteal decubitus ulcers ...
Silas Weir Mitchell (1829-1914) was a noted 19th century neurologist. He graduated from Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia in 1850, went on to spend a year in Europe studying under Claude Bernard and Charles Philippe Robin; and then returned to the United States in 1851 to work at his fathers medical practice. During the Civil War he worked with military physician William Alexander Hammond at the renowned Turners Lane Hospital in Philadelphia, where he was exposed to a wide variety of nerve injuries and neurological conditions. His experiences at the hospital formed the basis of the 1864 publication Gunshot Wounds and Other Injuries of the Nerves, which Mitchell co-wrote with George R. Morehouse and William W. Keen. After the Wars conclusion he wrote on numerous other neurological subjects including causalgia, the effects of weather on amputation stumps, and traumatic neuralgia. One of Mitchells most enduring legacies, however, is his association with the rest cure. The rest cure was ...
Heat and perspiration inside the prosthesis cause discomfort and adherence problems for lower limb amputees. To bench test new prosthetic socket interventions, we developed a thermal residual limb manikin (TRLM) and used it to compare two novel cooling technologies: (1) a vacuum pump which provides ventilation across the skin (FLOW) and (2) a liquid cooling sleeve (SLEEVE). Power to maintain TRLM core temperature was measured to indicate cooling effectiveness. Power increased by 7% and 8% after 90 minutes of convective cooling and evaporative cooling, respectively, with the FLOW system. Power increased by 28% with the SLEEVE system.. ...
Bonide Stump Out is a chemical stump remover substance that destroys the lignin that binds the cellulose layers of the wood, making the stump porous. Stump Out accelerates the process of natural stump decomposition, reducing the time from years to weeks. Bonide claims Stump Out is safe, easy to use and will not affect ...
To supply clearance for pedestrians and for other causes, you can raise the crown by carefully pruning the tree. Maintain Are living branches on not less than two-thirds of the trees top. In the event you get rid of too many branches near the bottom fifty percent, the tree is probably not in the position to acquire a powerful stem. ...
Nora if the stumps are too short to rock as verdun suggested try this way.....Dig about a foot back from the stump in a circle. Any roots you hit that are not too big chop with a saw or a good pair of loppers. Keep going round and round doing this until you can just lift the stump out. Then go back to getting each cut root out. I have managed to get huge stumps out this way much to the surprise of many a male customer who had given up lol ...
I know this isnt the right site, i should ask this in tree services.com or whatever, but i didnt feel like creating a new account over there just to...
Introduction. Investigation into the effect of temperature on the activity of the enzyme urease Urea + Urease ? Ammonium Carbonate The aim of this experiment is to investigate the affect of different temperatures on the rate of activity of the enzyme urease. I will achieve this by heating 5 solutions to different temperatures. They will be heated in a water bath and left for approximately 40 minutes. After this time, acid will be added to neutralize the solution and the activity of the enzyme will be measured via the volume of acid added. My predication is that as I increase the temperature of the solutions, the speed in which the reaction takes place, and amount of products produced will increase. However, I predict that at a high temperature the enzymes will denature and activity will cease. This is because of the following reasons. Firstly, at a high temperature, molecules are given more kinetic energy. ...read more. Middle. Also, at around 60�C, the yeast ceased to be active, suggesting ...
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Rationale:. Phantom limb pain following amputation is a major clinical problem. Current evidence how to best prevent phantom limb pain is equivocal because previous trials have included small numbers of patients, and tested heterogeneous patient collectives. There is some evidence that optimized perioperative pain control is effective in preventing phantom limb pain, but the potential added role of regional anesthesia has not been defined.. Objective:. The Aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that sciatic nerve block decreases the point prevalence of phantom limb pain 12 months after transtibial amputation for peripheral vascular disease compared to optimized intravenous pain therapy.. Study design:. Randomized, prospective, double-blind (patient, physician, statistician) clinical trial. All patients will receive standard optimized intravenous anesthesia and analgesia (opiate patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), intravenous ketamine). Patients in the intervention group will receive ...
This project will investigate two main hypotheses based on our previous studies on phantom limb sensation and phantom limb pain. The first hypothesis states that phantom limb sensation and phantom limb pain both correlate with the phantom limb, while the second one maintains that the phantom limb can interact with the patients body by means of the meridian system. With the far infrared ray applied to the phantom limbs in amputees and the corresponding normal legs in healthy subjects, the sensation of (phantom) limb will be assessed for each subject using the techniques of fMRI and meridian response. By analyzing the data collected from both groups, the investigators expect both hypotheses will be supported by the results of experiments in this project ...
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CASE 2 A patient sustained an avulsive amputation of the left lower extremity, with loss of the fibula and all soft tissue circumferentially around the knee. (From Hall, E.J., and Buncke, H.J.: Microsurgical techniques to reconstruct irreparable nerve loss. Orthop. Clin. North Am. 12:381, 1981.) FIG. 25-08. The below-knee amputation stump was covered with unstable split-thickness skin grafts. An above-knee amputation was considered until a microvascular transplant was suggested. The pattern of the proposed tensor fascia lata flap is next to the leg. ...
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Acro-angiodermatitis is a benign vascular process which histologically closely resembles Kaposis Sarcoma and had thus been named pseudo-Kaposis sarcoma. Acro-angiodermatitis is often associated with different disorders like: chronic venous insufficiency, arterio-venous malformations, arterio-venous shunts, acquired arteriovenous fistula, paralysed limb, Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome. It has also been reported above knee amputation stump.. Site: Lower part of the legs and on the feet.. Clinical presentation: The lesion presents as circumscribed violaceous, brown or dusky macules, papules, plaques and nodules.. Microscopic features:. Proliferation of small dilated vessels in a thickened edematous papillary dermis and sometimes in the upper reticular dermis.. The vessels have a regular profile. Some lesions show nodular collection of blood vessels with perivascular inflammation.. The small vessels are thick walled and are lined by plump endothelial cells. There are no atypical ...
Is The Phantom Pain a Metal Gear Game ? - Metal Gear Solid 5: The Phantom Pain: At GDC 2013 it was indeed revealed that The Phantom Pain is a Metal Gear Solid game. Below you will find all the information that pointed towards thi...
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The exact cause of phantom pain is unclear, but it appears to originate in the spinal cord and brain. During imaging scans - such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or positron emission tomography (PET) - portions of the brain that had been neurologically connected to the nerves of the amputated limb show activity when the person feels phantom pain.. Many experts believe phantom pain may be at least partially explained as a response to mixed signals from the brain. After an amputation, areas of the spinal cord and brain lose input from the missing limb and adjust to this detachment in unpredictable ways. The result can trigger the bodys most basic message that something is not right: pain.. Studies also show that after an amputation the brain may remap that part of the bodys sensory circuitry to another part of the body. In other words, because the amputated area is no longer able to receive sensory information, the information is referred elsewhere - from a missing hand to a still-present ...
Pain and pain-related interference in adults with lower-limb amputation: Comparison of knee-disarticulation, transtibial, and transfemoral surgical sites.
As noted earlier, ocular symptoms in patients with SS are out of proportion with objective observations of the ocular surface, largely due to the mysterious perception of "phantom pain.". The concept of "phantom pain" may arise at the level of the cranial nerve, spinal dorsal root ganglia, and thalamus or brain cortex. As noted above, these processes may be strongly influenced by local release of cytokines by microglial cells.3 This observation correlates with our clinical observation that the pain and discomfort in patients with SS whose disease is longstanding is much less improved following treatment with biologic agents than in patients with early disease.. Phantom pain explains the aberrant, painful ocular sensation that chronic post-Lasik patients or patients with SS experience when they report that their pain is only partially relieved by a topical anesthetic.. Sites for ocular pain have been mapped by functional magnetic resonance imaging to a specific region of the prefrontal cortex ...
When you are fitted for an artificial limb for the first time, it can be intimidating. You may not feel very comfortable about the newness of the prosthetic, but as you learn how to use it that feeling will fade. What may not fade is any rubbing, itching or sweating sensations. Although you may initially be fitted with a stump sock to reduce some friction, you do not have to stay with the product you were given if your prosthetic is causing the stump sock to be ineffective. Here are three ways to make your artificial limbs more comfortable.. Moisturizers and Stump Socks with Built-in Moisturizers. Prosthetics tend to produce a certain amount of expected friction, especially when the limb that is replaced is a leg. That friction dries out your skin and causes more irritation. You can reduce the amount of friction and irritation by using lots of moisturizer on the end of the amputated limb. The more moist the skin is here, the less friction you will feel. If you want a more convenient product for ...
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Some off-screen new images of The Phantom Pain has arrived on internet. These are the same images that were showcased by Moby Dick Studio head Joakim Mogren to GTTV host Geoff Keighley.Check out the images below. The Phantom Pain will be officially
The evolution of the modern artificial limb is the subject of the Christmas lecture at the University of Greenwichs Medway Campus on Wednesday 13 December.. Professor Peter Kyberd, Head of Engineering Science, is talking about the technological advancement of artificial limbs and there will be live demonstrations of some of the technology that goes into make a bionic man. The event is part of the Faculty of Engineering & Science public lecture series.. Artificial limbs are some of the oldest medical devices created by mankind. It is an exciting field and Professor Kyberd has a wealth of experience in designing, programming and testing artificial limbs.. "It is an engineering challenge to make limbs that are practical for the wearers; they must be compact, useful and cheap enough to be widely fitted. This is not always easy," he says.. "In recent years our image of artificial limbs has changed from the fearsome hook and peg-leg of the seafarers of old to the modern prosthetic supermen of ...
PATIENT PRESENTATION Your patient is a 72-year-old male with a left transtibial amputation. His surgery was done 3 days before. He has an 18-year history of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). He was diagnosed with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) 2 years ago. He presents in a semi-recumbent position in the hospital bed with his left limb supported on three pillows. His limb is wrapped, but you can see drainage on the outer layer of the bandage distal to the knee. He is receiving IV antibiotics and pain medication. He is also receiving supplemental oxygen via a nasal cannula.. ...
List of published articles and documents from the Disabled World Prostheses and Prosthetics: Artificial Limbs News and Information category
The concept of "preemptive analgesia" (i.e. , the idea that central sensitization might be mitigated or prevented altogether by reducing or eliminating the barrage of nociceptive input reaching the central nervous system and thereby decreasing the degree of central sensitization) arose more than a decade ago.6 Anesthesiologists embraced the concept that establishing neural blockade in the area of surgery before the surgical insult might improve pain treatment. The idea that preoperative epidural blockade could be used preemptively to provide analgesia before amputation and reduce the prevalence of persistent postamputation pain in the first 12 months after surgery was first tested by Bach et al. 7 in 1988. In this study, 11 patients received a continuous lumbar epidural block so that they were pain free for 3 days before the operation; however, patients who received epidural analgesia and remained in pain were excluded from the trial, a significant shortcoming in this small study. The control ...
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Mr J.E. Hanger in his workshop supervises soldiers who have themselves lost limbs, at work on artificial limbs for others.. Show full synopsis ...
Artificial limbs offer Syrians new chances at life - AP News: REYHANLI, Turkey (AP) - Every time 3-year-old Seif wears his .09/23/2017 4:32:21AM EST.
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To dream of artificial limbs represents feelings about never allowing anything to limit your beliefs or sense of independence. You may have been cut off fr
Sir David Price Asked the Secretary of State for Social Services when he expects to respond to the detailed recommendations of the McColl Committee on its review of the artificial limbs and appliances services; and if he will make a statement.. Mr. Major I refer my hon. Friend to my reply to the right hon. Member for Manchester, Wythenshawe (Mr. Morris) on 29 October 1986 at column 187.. ...
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Background: Phantom limb pain is a frequent and persistent problem following amputation. Achieving sustainable favorable effects on phantom limb pain requires therapeutic interventions such as mirror therapy that target maladaptive neuroplastic changes in the central nervous system. Unfortunately, patients adherence to unsupervised exercises is generally poor and there is a need for effective strategies such as telerehabilitation to support long-term self-management of patients with phantom limb pain. Objective: The main aim of this study was to describe the user-centered approach that guided the design and development of a telerehabilitation platform for patients with phantom limb pain. We addressed 3 research questions: (1) Which requirements are defined by patients and therapists for the content and functions of a telerehabilitation platform and how can these requirements be prioritized to develop a first prototype of the platform? (2) How can the user interface of the telerehabilitation ...
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This Metal Gear Solid 5 Phantom Pain Venom Snake Action Figure is exactly what fans of the video game are looking for. Based on the Metal Gear Solid 5
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The purposes of this descriptive study were (a) to identify the relative frequencies of a priori categories of phantom limb pain (PLP) quality descriptors reported by Mid-Southerners with limb loss, (b) to analyze their descriptions for emerging categories of PLP, and (c) to identify the relative frequencies of the emerging categories. ...
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A new generation of dexterous prosthetic hands is becoming available, which are capable of a greater number of functions than conventional prostheses. To enable this increased functionality, we have pioneered a novel control platform which includes a surface electromyography (EMG) pattern recognition algorithm called MyoSense and a first-of-its-kind multi-channel conformal electrode interface called MyoLiner. The combination of these two technologies has allowed us, forthe first time, to give amputees the ability to point their index finger and operate their thumb independently in addition to the conventional hand open and close functionality. This technology has the potential to shift the paradigm in prosthetic controlfor the first time in over 50 years. In order to maximize the impact and accuracy of the technology, rehabilitation therapy is required, ideally within a 30-day golden window following amputation. However, the realities of patient fitting and ...
Though your body part isnt there, its still causing discomfort and pain. Here are the treatments recommended to treat phantom limb pain.
Prosthetics 101 is a comprehensive resource for anyone concerned with upper limb amputation surgery, rehabilitation, and prosthetic solutions.
EPFL scientists from the Center for Neuroprosthetics have used functional MRI to show how the brain re-maps motor and sensory pathways following targeted motor and sensory reinnervation (TMSR), a neuroprosthetic approach where residual limb nerves are rerouted towards intact muscles and skin regions to control a robotic limb.
A first embodiment of the present invention includes a magnetic weight bearing prosthetic socket system for coupling a prosthesis to an amputated limb. A pair of magnetic fixtures are used to hold the prosthesis in spaced apart relation with the amputated limb. One of the magnetic fixtures is implanted in the remnant bone and the other magnetic fixture is embedded in the prosthetic socket. The magnetic fixtures are magnetically oriented to oppose one another and are used to transfer loads associated with typical weight-bearing surfaces through the soft tissue covering the remnant bone without having the magnetic structures physically touch one another. A second embodiment of the present invention includes repelling magnetic fixtures implanted within opposing bones in an articulating joint to hold the bones apart during relative articulating movement of the bones in the joint.
Chicago IL (SPX) Jul 23, 2012 - When a farmer or rancher is injured on the job, theres an 11 percent chance that an amputation will occur. Thats two and a half times more likely than in any other industry. Most of these amputati
Four universities won a $1.2 million grant to develop prosthetics that deliver sensory information to patients and can be controlled by their thoughts.
Pic courtesy of Scope.. After being bummed out by the bad behavior of companies like Frontier Airlines, its always nice to find a company doing good things for folks with disabilities. And Bespoke Innovations is doing awesome things. As reported by Scope, the Stanford Med School Blog, Bespoke uses a 3D scanner to take a detailed picture of the clients surviving limb, should they have one, and creates a mirror image of that limb as a basis for the prosthesis. They then work closely with the patient to design a limb that matches their aesthetic tastes and personality, using fashion-forward materials like wood, metal, cloth, and leather. And at around $4,000, their designs arent exactly cheap, but nor are they necessarily prohibitively expensive.. The prostheses sound pretty spectacular:. ...
One of the biggest roadblocks as far as bionic limbs are concerned comes in the materials used for construction. Most of the actuators used are either motors or wires that contract when current is passed through them. These allow for simple movement, but nothing close to what a real human hand is capable of. In this regard, the current state of the art is the Luke Arm (pictured above), created by DEKA Research for DARPA [3]. This arm makes use of additional switches on the users feet that wirelessly transmit signals to the arm, allowing the user to perform complex, lifelike movements. Meanwhile, researchers in Ohio have created a robotic hand with 20 different touch sensors on its fingers, back and sides, which enable the user to perform delicate actions such as removing the stem from a cherry without crushing it. The sensors can also be tuned to produce different sensations - a step up from earlier feedback technology, which only provided a "vague buzzing feeling" [4]. ...
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The Alternative Limb Project creates one-of-a-kind pieces of wearable limb art decorated with henna and snakes, studded with crystals and zippers, and altogether mesmerizing.
Naij.com News ★ Between 2008 and 2013, the right hand of Peter Kola-Ibitowa, a journalist, was paralysed - a result of an accident. Last year, he got a chance to travel abro...
Scientists are working on a motorised prosthetic arm that responds directly to signals from the brain, allowing it to perform more functions than existing artificial arms.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations presented in this material are strictly those of the speakers. They do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. NSF takes no responsibility for and exercises no control over the accuracy of the information contained in this material.. ...
The internet is a pissing ground for assholes! Theyre more commonly called jerks and I also call them INTERNET JERK GANGS. Everyone has an opinion (including me) about everything under the sun and I think we have a right to express it without being dumb unless were clearly asking for it. If I dont agree with what I take a moment to decide whether or not I want to get involved in it or not for the scene that may going around. Whenever I do express my opinion I try my best to do it respectively and without fucking anyone off…on purpose. But, there is bound of my inside me to be the person that feels the need to put me in my place by responding with a superior tone. View all posts by Yogesh P. Bhadja ...
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Theres no denying that amputation or the loss of a limb is a life-changing experience. It not only involves a tremendous physical loss, but also can be emotionally devastating. If youre facing, or already have had, an amputation, know that youre not alone - theres around 1.7 million people living with limb loss in the U.S. alone. Working with experienced professionals such as those at Ernest Health Systems who can help you through every step of the process - including prosthetic care - is vital. Post-Operative Care. There are several options for post-operative care after youve had an amputation. In many cases, a rigid dressing is placed on the residual limb that protects the surgical site. A removable dressing can be taken off and put back on to allow medical staff to carefully monitor the surgical site.. Another option is a post-operative prosthesis thats applied in the operating room immediately after surgery. Studies have shown that patients who wear an immediate prosthesis feel more ...
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Six Thirty day period Study In the 6 month target animal safety study, meloxicam was administered orally at one, 3, and 5X the suggested dose with no significant scientific adverse reactions. All animals in all dose groups (controls, 1, 3, and 5X the encouraged dose) exhibited some gastrointestinal distress (diarrhea and vomiting). Treatment connected modifications observed in hematology and chemistry incorporated lowered purple blood cell counts in 7 of 24 dogs (four 3X and three 5X dogs), diminished hematocrit in 18 of 24 dogs (which include a few control dogs), dose-associated neutrophilia in one 1X, two 3X and three 5X dogs, evidence of regenerative anemia in two 3X and one 5X Pet. Also observed ended up greater BUN in two 5X dogs and decreased albumin in a single 5X Pet dog ...
Welcome to the Brain, Body and Self Laboratory home page. We use neuroimaging and behavioral methods to study how we come to experience our own body as an object distinct from the environment. Our aim is to characterize the perceptual rules and brain mechanisms whereby a central representation of ones own body is constructed by the integration of signals from the different sensory modalities (e.g., vision, touch, and proprioception). We also investigate how the central body representation influences how we think, feel and remember ourselves, and how the external world looks to us. Finally, we study how the human body can be extended by machines and artificial limb devices for the purpose of designing, for example, advanced prosthetic limbs that feel more like real limbs.. ...
Whether its the result of accident or disease, coping with limb amputation in dogs can be hard - but not impossible! Visit Purina for further help and advice.
We arrived at 6 am; got a little paperwork done and maybe 20 minutes later I was taken to the prep-op room. The nurse there got the IV started and soon we met with Dr. Ohlson. We went over the Ertl procedure and discovered his mentor was a doctor at Union Memorial, one I had read about when I was first looking into foot and ankle reconstructive procedures. That seems just like the way everything was falling into place today. He decided I could have a 7" residuum with my amputation which will give me more area for the socket. I had research the optimal residual limb length quite a bit and this definitely fell into the quite acceptable range ...
CWRU researchers have added a sense of touch to prosthetics so the artificial limbs can perform tasks that require precision.. ...
have been inconceivable until comparatively recently, and this is extremely satisfactory. As with many advances, however, the pendulum may have swung further than is ultimately desirable, with limbs being preserved which are never likely to function effectively.. Such results represent a triumph of enthusiasm for a technique over realism concerning its results. The injury which is likely to be most crippling in the long term is one where there is anaesthesia of the weightbearing surface of the foot. Experience in other contexts has shown that such a foot does not do well. It would be wrong to deprive a patient of the chance to save his lower limb entire but it should also be recognised that on occasion conservation can be carried too far.. With the currently available prostheses, a below-knee amputation need not be a significant disability, and the surgeon needs to compare the alternatives both in terms of final function and in terms of time spent in hospital. Without suggesting that a decision ...
Wrap your lower leg with an elastic bandage (such as a Tensor wrap) to help decrease swelling. Dont wrap it too tightly, since this can cause more swelling below the affected area. Loosen the bandage if it gets too tight. Signs that the bandage is too tight include numbness, tingling, increased pain, coolness, or swelling in the area below the bandage ...
Hand-Wrap is a knitted cotton fabric designed for constant unchanging pressure. Elastic bandages tend to tighten and "band" into tight strips causing swelling distally. Gauze wrap tends to loosen and shift with motion and time. Hand-Wrap holds position and the pressure you apply remains quite constant over long periods. ...
in 2003. With the help of this technology, the artificial limbs are controlled & synchronized by the brain. The device is designed to help those who have
Why just use the foot? http://www.synthzone.com/bsynth.html profiles the Body Synth, which, amongst other things, might also be able to help disabled folks in the event someone writes some firmware to use MIDI to control artificial limbs and such. Its been used in performance apparently by a number of artists, mostly in the SF area. ...
The distribution of interface stresses between the residual limb and prosthetic socket of a transtibial amputee has been considered as a direct indicator of the socket quality fit and comfort. Therefore, researchers have been very interested in quantifying these interface stresses in order to evaluate the extent of any potential damage caused by the socket to the residual limb tissues. During the past 50 years a variety of measurement techniques have been employed in an effort to identify sites of excessive stresses which may lead to skin breakdown, compare stress distributions in various socket designs, and evaluate interface cushioning and suspension systems, among others. The outcomes of such measurement techniques have contributed to improving the design and fitting of transtibial sockets. This article aims to review the operating principles, advantages, and disadvantages of conventional and emerging techniques used for interface stress measurements inside transtibial sockets. It also reviews and
Leg amputations can overweight people get a prosthetic limb - Is a diabetic double amputee overweight a good candidate for prosthetic limbs? Depends. The level of amputation is most important as the higher the amputation the more difficult it is to walk with the prosthesis. Diabetes by itself is not a problem if controlled. Foot care is crucial to prevent amputation of the other leg. Weight might limit the options an amputee has as prosthetic components have weight limits. Inability to tolerate exercise is another limiting factor.
Prosthetic fitting, use, function, and satisfaction are important rehabilitation goals following lower-limb amputation. This study prospectively examined these outcomes in a cohort of individuals who underwent lower-limb amputation secondary to peripheral vascular disease and/or diabetes. A wide range of demographic, psychosocial, and comorbid medical data were evaluated at baseline in the perioperative period, which enabled an assessment of possible contributing factors and their effect on these outcomes. This cohort of subjects was then followed for a year following amputation by utilizing a wide spectrum of objective and validated self-report outcome measures. These study design characteristics make this investigation unique compared to prior studies examining similar outcomes following dysvascular lower-limb amputation [1-11].. The study population included in this investigation is important for a number of reasons. First, only individuals with amputations secondary to peripheral vascular ...
The phantom eye syndrome (PES) is a phantom pain in the eye and visual hallucinations after the removal of an eye (enucleation, evisceration). Many patients experience one or more phantom phenomena after the removal of the eye: Phantom pain in the (removed) eye (prevalence: 26%) Non-painful phantom sensations Visual hallucinations. About 30% of patients report visual hallucinations of the removed eye. Most of these hallucinations consist of basic perceptions (shapes, colors). In contrast, visual hallucinations caused by severe visual loss without removal of the eye itself (Charles Bonnet syndrome) are less frequent (prevalence 10%) and often consist of detailed images. Phantom pain and non-painful phantom sensations result from changes in the central nervous system due to denervation of a body part. Phantom eye pain is considerably less common than phantom limb pain. The prevalence of phantom pain after limb amputation ranged from 50% to 78%. The prevalence of phantom eye pain, in contrast, is ...
Amputation Stumps; Arachnodactyly; Arthrogryposis; Bones of Upper Extremity; Brachial Plexus; Brachial Plexus Neuritis; Brachial Plexus Neuropathies; Brachydactyly; Carpal Joints; Carpal Tunnel Syndrome; Carpometacarpal Joints; Complex Regional Pain Syndromes; Cubital Tunnel Syndrome; Ectromelia; Finger Joint; Fingers; Forearm; Hand; Hand Deformities; Hand Joints; Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome; Limb Deformities, Congenital; Median Neuropathy; Metacarpophalangeal Joint; Metacarpus; Mononeuropathies; Musculoskeletal Abnormalities; Musculoskeletal Diseases; Nerve Compression Syndromes; Peripheral Nerve Injuries; Peripheral Nerves; Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms; Polydactyly; Radial Neuropathy; Rheumatic Diseases; Syndactyly; Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome; Tendons; Tennis Elbow; Thumb; Ulnar Nerve Compression Syndromes; Ulnar Neuropathies; Upper Extremity Deformities, Congenital; Wrist; Wrist Joint ...
The purpose of this paper is to report prosthesis-related issues of importance that were identified by a diverse group of persons living with lower limb amputations (LLA) and prostheses. These perceptions and themes validate some old assumptions and challenge others, report both common and unusual experiences, and indirectly identify the information level of our respondents concerning prostheses. Persons with LLA were identified from computerized rosters at a level one regional trauma center and at the VA Puget Sound Health Care System-Seattle, Division. Inclusion criteria specified that respondents were to: 1) be one or more years post-unilateral amputation at the Symes level (ankle disarticulation) or higher, 2) use their prosthesis at least 5 days a week, 3) read English, and 4) be able to provide informed consent. Respondents completed the Prosthesis Evaluation Questionnaire-field version (PEQ) and the standard form (SF)-36, a health status measure. Of 114 persons who agreed to participate, 92 (85%
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These days, skin problems and aging have become major concerns for many individuals. Wrinkles, pimples, scars and acne are some of the skin problems. As a result, these people have planned to undergo cosmetic treatments. Most health clinics have come up with a variety of solutions to provide their patients demands including, plastic surgery, creams and laser therapies along with others.. Laser skin therapy has really become known as a broadly used treatment method for aging and skin problem. It involves the laser technology application in helping individuals who want to enhance their appearance. It utilizes range from anti-aging, tattoo removal and treatment of certain skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema. Nonetheless, the failure or success of the treatment depends on the application of various types of lasers such as ablative lasers, fractioned lasers and excimer lasers.. Ablative lasers work best for individuals who want to eliminate their acne scars. It has collected a huge ...

The lengthening of short upper extremity amputation stumps. - Semantic ScholarThe lengthening of short upper extremity amputation stumps. - Semantic Scholar

RESULTS Eleven patients with 14 amputation stumps underwent lengthening. Mean stump length increase was 264% (4 cm). Nine ... CONCLUSIONS Lengthening is a viable but controversial option for very short upper extremity amputation stumps and may result in ... This article reviews our experience with lengthening short upper extremity amputation stumps in children. METHODS All patients ... Anecdotal reports of lengthening short amputation stumps have been published. ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/The-lengthening-of-short-upper-extremity-amputation-Bernstein-Watts/60c8ddd28a15a5afd557e117506dc7d408278203

A Real World  Observational Registry of Chronic Wounds and Ulcers | Clinical Research Trial Listing ( Peripheral vascular...A Real World Observational Registry of Chronic Wounds and Ulcers | Clinical Research Trial Listing ( Peripheral vascular...

Amputation stump , Venous Insufficiency , Leg Ulcer , Varicose Ulcer , Skin Ulcer , DIABETIC NEUROPATHY , Diabetic Foot , ... and major and minor amputation. Data on wound care specific quality measures developed by the QCDR are also available. ...
more infohttps://www.centerwatch.com/clinical-trials/listings/164194/diabetic-foot-real-world-observational/?radius=50

Sciatic Perineural Versus Stump Catheter for Below Knee Amputation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govSciatic Perineural Versus Stump Catheter for Below Knee Amputation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Active Comparator: Stump catheter Procedure: Stump catheter intraoperative placed stump catheter. Other Name: surgeon placed ... Sciatic Perineural Versus Stump Catheter for Below Knee Amputation. This study has been completed. ... Ultrasound Guided Sciatic Perineural Catheter vs Surgically Placed Sciatic Stump Catheter for Below Knee Amputations: Is There ... We wish to determine the most effective site for the continuous infusion of local anesthetic for patients undergoing amputation ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01608035

Compression bandage | definition of compression bandage by Medical dictionaryCompression bandage | definition of compression bandage by Medical dictionary

amputation-stump bandage. An elastic bandage applied to an amputation stump to control postoperative edema and to shape the ... A descending spica is used for the thumb and figure-of-eight bandage for an amputation stump or clenched fist. ... A bandage over the end of a stump. reversed bandage. A bandage applied to a limb in such a way that the roller is inverted or ... recurrent bandage one used on a distal stump, such as that of a finger, toe, or limb, turned lengthwise to cover the end of the ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/compression+bandage

Flannel bandage | definition of flannel bandage by Medical dictionaryFlannel bandage | definition of flannel bandage by Medical dictionary

amputation-stump bandage. An elastic bandage applied to an amputation stump to control postoperative edema and to shape the ... A descending spica is used for the thumb and figure-of-eight bandage for an amputation stump or clenched fist. ... A bandage over the end of a stump. reversed bandage. A bandage applied to a limb in such a way that the roller is inverted or ... recurrent bandage one used on a distal stump, such as that of a finger, toe, or limb, turned lengthwise to cover the end of the ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/flannel+bandage

bandage | Tabers Medical Dictionarybandage | Taber's Medical Dictionary

amputation-stump bandage. An elastic bandage applied to an amputation stump to control postoperative edema and to shape the ... A descending spica is used for the thumb and figure-of-eight bandage for an amputation stump or clenched fist. ... A bandage applied to the head or shoulder or to a stump like a cap or hood. ... stump. The elastic bandage is applied in a recurrent or figure-of-eight fashion with more pressure applied to the distal, ...
more infohttps://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/731000/all/forearm_bandage

January 2016 - Volume 76 - Issue 1 : Annals of Plastic SurgeryJanuary 2016 - Volume 76 - Issue 1 : Annals of Plastic Surgery

Amputation Stump Revision Using a Free Sural Neurocutaneous Perforator Flap. Lu, Shengdi; Wang, Chunyang; Zhong, Wanrun; More ... Coverage of Amputation Stumps Using a Latissimus Dorsi Flap With a Serratus Anterior Muscle Flap: A Comparative Study. Kim, ...
more infohttps://journals.lww.com/annalsplasticsurgery/toc/2016/01000

Enriched Autologous Fat Grafting for Treating Pain at Amputation Sites - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.govEnriched Autologous Fat Grafting for Treating Pain at Amputation Sites - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov

The aspirated fat is then injected into the amputation stump.In this study, we will concentrate the adipose stromal cells (ASCs ... Treatment of Painful Amputation Sites [ Time Frame: 26 months ]. 1) Treat painful amputation sites in 5 patients with fat ... Soft tissue deficiencies are noted at amputation stump and are covered by intact skin ... Stinner DJ, Burns TC, Kirk KL, Scoville CR, Ficke JR, Hsu JR; Late Amputation Study Team. Prevalence of late amputations during ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01645722?term=Fat+Grafting&rank=1

Phantom Limb/Stump PainPhantom Limb/Stump Pain

AMPUTATION STUMP PAIN. This patient underwent 2 separate procedures for neuropathic pain in his amputation stumps. We performed ... Phantom Limb/Stump Pain Look at me move along Dr. Dellon. It is 7 months since my amputation. The approach you used, implanting ... the nerves into muscle at the time of the amputation, has made so much difference. No more foot pain. No phantom pain. Thank ...
more infohttp://dellon.com/phantom-limb-stump-pain.html

Plus itPlus it

Healing amputation stump. Wounding patterns. Gunshot wounds. The incidence of gunshot wounds in conflict depends on the type ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/330/7506/1498

November 2015 - Volume 3 - Issue 11 : Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global OpenNovember 2015 - Volume 3 - Issue 11 : Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open

Reconstruction of Choparts Amputation Stump Using Artificial Dermis Combined with Free Anterolateral Thigh Flap. Shimizu, Mari ... Forequarter Amputation and Immediate Reconstruction with a Free Extended Humeral-Radial Forearm Flap. de la Parra, Miguel; ...
more infohttps://journals.lww.com/prsgo/toc/2015/11000

Program Members > Yale Cancer Center | Yale School of...Program Members > Yale Cancer Center | Yale School of...

Amputation Stumps; Arachnodactyly; Arthrogryposis; Bones of Upper Extremity; Brachial Plexus; Brachial Plexus Neuritis; ...
more infohttp://yalecancercenter.org/patient/programs/breast/members/

Alberta Queens PrinterAlberta Queen's Printer

a) amputation stumps-secondary; (b) blood clots; (c) bone fragments and ligaments; ...
more infohttp://www.qp.alberta.ca/1266.cfm?page=1990_247.cfm&leg_type=Regs&isbncln=9780779722143&display=html

Table of Contents - October 21, 1950, 2 (4685) | The BMJTable of Contents - October 21, 1950, 2 (4685) | The BMJ

Arteriovenous Fistula Complicating an Amputation Stump Br Med J 1950; 2 :928 (Published 21 October 1950) ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/2/4685

Category:Amputations - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Amputations - Wikimedia Commons

Infected amputation stump.jpg 1,182 × 792; 533 KB. *. Inscription on the back of a painting by George Cumberland. Wellcome ... Media in category "Amputations". The following 97 files are in this category, out of 97 total. ... Amputation being performed in a hospital tent, Gettysburg, 07-1863 - NARA - 520203.jpg 3,000 × 2,388; 1.48 MB. ... Amputation being performed in a hospital tent, Gettysburg, 07-1863 - NARA - 520203.tif 3,000 × 2,388; 6.83 MB. ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Amputations

Setoguchi Y[au] - PubMed - NCBISetoguchi Y[au] - PubMed - NCBI

Outcomes of lengthening short lower-extremity amputation stumps with planar fixators.. Bowen RE, Struble SG, Setoguchi Y, Watts ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=search&term=Setoguchi+Y%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50

Coblation  - Medical Clinical Policy Bulletins | AetnaCoblation - Medical Clinical Policy Bulletins | Aetna

Unspecified complications of amputation stump [stump pain]. Nasal coblation plasma surgery:. No specific code. ... The stump pain was completely relieved immediately after operation. At 1, 3, and 6 months post-operative review, 80 % relief of ... Coblation of Femoral and Sciatic Nerve for Stump Pain and Phantom Limb Pain:. Zeng and colleagues (2016) noted that there is ... In a case report, these researchers described the use of Coblation on femoral and sciatic nerve for stump pain and phantom limb ...
more infohttp://www.aetna.com/cpb/medical/data/400_499/0475.html

Electrical Stimulation for Pain - Medical Clinical Policy Bulletins | AetnaElectrical Stimulation for Pain - Medical Clinical Policy Bulletins | Aetna

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for phantom pain and stump pain following amputation in adults. Cochrane ... Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for phantom pain and stump pain following amputation in adults. Cochrane ... investigating the use of TENS for the management of phantom pain and stump pain following an amputation in adults were included ... updated of a Cochrane review published in 2010 on TENS for phantom pain and stump pain following amputation in adults. The ...
more infohttp://www.aetna.com/cpb/medical/data/1_99/0011.html

Cardiac failure congestive with ClonidineCardiac failure congestive with Clonidine

Amputation Stumps. Interventions: Drug: Meperdine; Drug: Fentanyl. Outcome Measures: the hemodynamic effects .; the analgesic ...
more infohttp://patientsville.com/i.htm?q=CARDIAC%20FAILURE%20CONGESTIVE&mp=Clonidine

Blood glucose increased with ACTIQBlood glucose increased with ACTIQ

Amputation Stumps. Interventions: Drug: Meperdine; Drug: Fentanyl. Outcome Measures: the hemodynamic effects .; the analgesic ...
more infohttp://patientsville.com/i.htm?q=BLOOD%20GLUCOSE%20INCREASED&mp=ACTIQ

2009 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 998.2 : Accidental puncture or laceration during a procedure not elsewhere classified2009 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 998.2 : Accidental puncture or laceration during a procedure not elsewhere classified

amputation stump (late) 997.60. *. anastomosis - see Complications, anastomosis. *. burst stitches or sutures (external) (see ...
more infohttp://www.icd9data.com/2009/Volume1/800-999/996-999/998/998.2.htm

Bilateral Upper Limb Amputation ObservatoryBilateral Upper Limb Amputation Observatory

... there is currently no data to directly estimate the number of bilateral upper limb amputations, their characteri... ... Amputation Stumps. The part of a limb or tail following amputation that is proximal to the amputated section. ... Lower limb amputation is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus. Understanding how amputation risk differs by population ... limb amputation with, 6 bilateral amputations observed. The causes are varied: traumatic, infectious or related to diabetes. ...
more infohttps://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/trial/162117/Bilateral-Upper-Limb-Amputation-Observatory.html

Female Wound Care and Assessment SetFemale Wound Care and Assessment Set

Below Knee Amputation Stump. *Suitable for training stump care including wrapping. *May be articulated to manikin ...
more infohttps://www.laerdal.com/cn/item/325-00550
  • In general, thermal burns and frostbite injuries should be managed nonoperatively until the extent of the damage can be assessed accurately and the amputation can be performed at the most distal level consistent with good healing. (medscape.com)
  • This patient underwent 2 separate procedures for neuropathic pain in his amputation stumps. (dellon.com)
  • The objective of this pilot study is to assess the efficacy of minimally invasive autologous fat transfers at the amputation sites and the modulation of pain at the respective sites. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • As stump socks are typically worn on body parts that do not contain a foot, their definition is distinct from the average sock type garment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The skin of amputation stumps can be very sensitive to allergic, chemical or mechanical irritation and thus may have to be protected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stump socks are tubular medical or clothing accessories with a blind end that are fashioned similar to socks, usually without a heel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Options in the past have included stump and prosthetic modification, both of which provide limited improvement in function. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Understanding how amputation risk differs by population subgroups is crucial in terms of directing preventive strategies. (bioportfolio.com)