Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Counterfeit Drugs: Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.Veterinary Drugs: Drugs used by veterinarians in the treatment of animal diseases. The veterinarian's pharmacological armamentarium is the counterpart of drugs treating human diseases, with dosage and administration adjusted to the size, weight, disease, and idiosyncrasies of the species. In the United States most drugs are subject to federal regulations with special reference to the safety of drugs and residues in edible animal products.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Schools, Veterinary: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of veterinary medicine.Pathology, Veterinary: The field of veterinary medicine concerned with the causes of and changes produced in the body by disease.Veterinarians: Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.Powders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Medicare Assignment: Concept referring to the standardized fees for services rendered by health care providers, e.g., laboratories and physicians, and reimbursement for those services under Medicare Part B. It includes acceptance by the physician.Medicine, Chinese Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.Individualized Medicine: Therapeutic approach tailoring therapy for genetically defined subgroups of patients.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Internal Medicine: A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.Competitive Bidding: Pricing statements presented by more than one party for the purpose of securing a contract.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Nuclear Medicine: A specialty field of radiology concerned with diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative use of radioactive compounds in a pharmaceutical form.Clonixin: Anti-inflammatory analgesic.Visual Prosthesis: Artificial device such as an externally-worn camera attached to a stimulator on the RETINA, OPTIC NERVE, or VISUAL CORTEX, intended to restore or amplify vision.Colic: A clinical syndrome with intermittent abdominal pain characterized by sudden onset and cessation that is commonly seen in infants. It is usually associated with obstruction of the INTESTINES; of the CYSTIC DUCT; or of the URINARY TRACT.Meglumine: 1-Deoxy-1-(methylamino)-D-glucitol. A derivative of sorbitol in which the hydroxyl group in position 1 is replaced by a methylamino group. Often used in conjunction with iodinated organic compounds as contrast medium.Visceral Pain: Pain originating from internal organs (VISCERA) associated with autonomic phenomena (PALLOR; SWEATING; NAUSEA; and VOMITING). It often becomes a REFERRED PAIN.ReadingMusculoskeletal Diseases: Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.Stifle: In horses, cattle, and other quadrupeds, the joint between the femur and the tibia, corresponding to the human knee.Platelet Factor 3: A phospholipid from the platelet membrane that contributes to the blood clotting cascade by forming a phospholipid-protein complex (THROMBOPLASTIN) which serves as a cofactor with FACTOR VIIA to activate FACTOR X in the extrinsic pathway of BLOOD COAGULATION.Investigational New Drug Application: An application that must be submitted to a regulatory agency (the FDA in the United States) before a drug can be studied in humans. This application includes results of previous experiments; how, where, and by whom the new studies will be conducted; the chemical structure of the compound; how it is thought to work in the body; any toxic effects found in animal studies; and how the compound is manufactured. (From the "New Medicines in Development" Series produced by the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association and published irregularly.)United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.Legislation, Drug: Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.Orphan Drug Production: Production of drugs or biologicals which are unlikely to be manufactured by private industry unless special incentives are provided by others.Drug and Narcotic Control: Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.Safety-Based Drug Withdrawals: Removal of a drug from the market due to the identification of an intrinsic property of the drug that results in a serious risk to public health.Drug Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.Food Safety: Activities involved in ensuring the safety of FOOD including avoidance of bacterial and other contamination.Dihydropteroate Synthase: An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of dihydropteroate from p-aminobenzoic acid and dihydropteridine-hydroxymethyl-pyrophosphate. EC 2.5.1.15.Sulfadimethoxine: A sulfanilamide that is used as an anti-infective agent.Pneumocystis: A genus of ascomycetous FUNGI, family Pneumocystidaceae, order Pneumocystidales. It includes various host-specific species causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in humans and other MAMMALS.Sulfanilamides: Compounds based on 4-aminobenzenesulfonamide. The '-anil-' part of the name refers to aniline.Sulfamonomethoxine: Long acting sulfonamide antibacterial agent.Sulfamethoxazole: A bacteriostatic antibacterial agent that interferes with folic acid synthesis in susceptible bacteria. Its broad spectrum of activity has been limited by the development of resistance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p208)Dapsone: A sulfone active against a wide range of bacteria but mainly employed for its actions against MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. Its mechanism of action is probably similar to that of the SULFONAMIDES which involves inhibition of folic acid synthesis in susceptible organisms. It is also used with PYRIMETHAMINE in the treatment of malaria. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p157-8)Dry Powder Inhalers: A device that delivers medication to the lungs in the form of a dry powder.SulfathiazolesHuman Experimentation: The use of humans as investigational subjects.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Ethics Committees, Research: Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.United StatesInformed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Thiamine: 3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.Thiamine Pyrophosphate: The coenzyme form of Vitamin B1 present in many animal tissues. It is a required intermediate in the PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX and the KETOGLUTARATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX.Thiamine Monophosphate: Thiamine dihydrogen phosphate ester. The monophosphate ester of thiamine. Synonyms: monophosphothiamine; vitamin B1 monophosphate.Thiamine Triphosphate: 3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-4-methyl-5-(4,6,8,8-tetrahydroxy-3,5,7-trioxa-4,6,8-triphosphaoct-1-yl)thiazolium hydroxide, inner salt, P,P',P''-trioxide. The triphosphate ester of thiamine. In Leigh's disease, this compound is present in decreased amounts in the brain due to a metabolic block in its formation.Pyrithiamine: A thiamine antagonist due to its inhibition of thiamine pyrophosphorylation. It is used to produce thiamine deficiency.Oxythiamine: Thiamine antagonist, antimetabolite.Wernicke Encephalopathy: An acute neurological disorder characterized by the triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and disturbances of mental activity or consciousness. Eye movement abnormalities include nystagmus, external rectus palsies, and reduced conjugate gaze. THIAMINE DEFICIENCY and chronic ALCOHOLISM are associated conditions. Pathologic features include periventricular petechial hemorrhages and neuropil breakdown in the diencephalon and brainstem. Chronic thiamine deficiency may lead to KORSAKOFF SYNDROME. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1139-42; Davis & Robertson, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp452-3)Amprolium: A veterinary coccidiostat that interferes with THIAMINE metabolism.Beriberi: A disease caused by a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1) and characterized by polyneuritis, cardiac pathology, and edema. The epidemic form is found primarily in areas in which white (polished) rice is the staple food, as in Japan, China, the Philippines, India, and other countries of southeast Asia. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Mechanism of thiamine uptake by human jejunal brush-border membrane vesicles. (1/13)

Thiamine, a water-soluble vitamin, is essential for normal cellular functions, growth and development. Thiamine deficiency leads to significant clinical problems and occurs under a variety of conditions. To date, however, little is known about the mechanism of thiamine absorption in the native human small intestine. The objective of this study was, therefore, to characterize the mechanism of thiamine transport across the brush-border membrane (BBM) of human small intestine. With the use of purified BBM vesicles (BBMV) isolated from the jejunum of organ donors, thiamine uptake was found to be 1) independent of Na(+) but markedly stimulated by an outwardly directed H(+) gradient (pH 5.5(in)/pH 7.5(out)); 2) competitively inhibited by the cation transport inhibitor amiloride (inhibitor constant of 0.12 mM); 3) sensitive to temperature and osmolarity of the incubation medium; 4) significantly inhibited by thiamine structural analogs (amprolium, oxythiamine, and pyrithiamine), but not by unrelated organic cations (tetraethylammonium, N-methylnicotinamide, or choline); 5) not affected by the addition of ATP to the inside and outside of the BBMV; 6) potential insensitive; and 7) saturable as a function of thiamine concentration with an apparent Michaelis-Menten constant of 0.61 +/- 0.08 microM and a maximal velocity of 1.00 +/- 0.47 pmol. mg protein(-1). 10 s(-1). Carrier-mediated thiamine uptake was also found in BBMV of human ileum. These data demonstrate the existence of a Na(+)-independent, pH-dependent, amiloride-sensitive, electroneutral carrier-mediated mechanism for thiamine absorption in native human small intestinal BBMV.  (+info)

Simplified high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of residual amprolium in edible chicken tissues. (2/13)

A simplified determining method for the routine monitoring of residual amprolium in edible chicken tissues (muscle and liver) is developed using a high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with a photodiode-array detector after sample cleanup by an Ultrafree-MC/PL centrifugal ultrafiltration unit. For the HPLC determination and identification, a Mightysil RP4 GP column and a mobile phase of an ethanol-5 mM 1-heptanesulfonic acid sodium salt solution (35:65, v/v) using an ion-pairing system with a photodiode-array detector are used. Average recoveries (spiked at 0.3-3.0 microg/g) are > 90%. The inter- and intravariabilities are 1.9-2.4%. The limits of quantitation are 0.22 microg/g for muscle and 0.25 microg/g for liver. The total time and solvent required for the analysis of one sample are < 20 min and < 2 mL of ethanol, respectively. No toxic solvents and regents are used.  (+info)

Simplified high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of residual amprolium in edible chicken tissues. (3/13)

A simplified determining method for the routine monitoring of residual amprolium in edible chicken tissues (muscle and liver) is developed using a high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with a photodiode-array detector after sample cleanup by an Ultrafree-MC/PL centrifugal ultrafiltration unit. For the HPLC determination and identification, a Mightysil RP-4 GP column and a mobile phase of an ethanol-5 mM 1-heptanesulfonic acid sodium salt solution (35:65, v/v) using an ion-pairing system with a photodiode-array detector are used. Average recoveries (spiked at 0.3-3.0 microg/g) are > 90%. The inter- and intravariabilities are 1.9-2.4%. The limits of quantitation are 0.22 microg/g for muscle and 0.25 microg/g for liver. The total time and solvent required for the analysis of one sample are < 20 min and < 2 mL of ethanol, respectively. No toxic solvents and regents are used.  (+info)

Efficacy of selected oral chemotherapeutants against Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ciliophora: Ophyroglenidae) infecting rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. (4/13)

The chemotherapeutic efficacy of 6 in-feed compounds against Ichthyophthirius multifiliis Fouquet, 1876 was assessed using experimental infections of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum) fingerlings. Trial doses of 104 ppm amprolium hydrochloride or 65 ppm clopidol fed to fish for 10 d prior to infection significantly reduced the number of trophonts establishing in trout fingerlings by 62.0 and 35.2% respectively. In-feed treatments of infected trout with either 63 or 75 ppm amprolium hydrochloride, 92 ppm clopidol, or 38, 43 or 47 ppm salinomycin sodium for 10 d also significantly reduced the number of surviving trophonts by 77.6 and 32.2% for amprolium, 20.1% for clopidol and 80.2, 71.9 and 93.3% respectively for salinomycin sodium.  (+info)

Efficacy and toxicity of orally administrated anti-coccidial drugs for innovative treatments of Myxobolus sp. infection in Puntazzo puntazzo. (5/13)

This study tested drugs and therapeutic compounds to determine effective commercial treatment for fishes infected with myxosporeans. Two series of shore-based experiments and 1 field trial were performed. For the shore-based experiments we used Puntazzo puntazzo (ca. 20 g weight) with kidneys infected with Myxobolus sp. Initially, 6 different doses of Fumagillin, 2 doses of Toltrazuril, and 1 dose of Amprolium, ESB3 and Salinomycin were tested. In the second shore-based experiment, infected fish were treated with Origanum essential oils, Toltrazuril with propylene glycol, Amprolium, and a combination of Salinomycin 12% + Amprolium (SA). In the field trial, P. puntazzo (ca. 165 g) infected with the parasite were treated with SA, Origanum essential oils and Fumagillin. In all trials, the drugs were added to the feed and administered according to the selected regimen. Their efficacy was evaluated in terms of mortality (acceptable level was <3%), pathology and prevalence rate of Myxobolus sp. Lesions were observed only in fish treated with Fumagillin and Toltrazuril. Pathology due to treatment with Fumagillin was observed only at doses > 6 mg kg(-1) body wt for 6 wk in the interstitial renal tissue, where slight inflammation arose. The highest dose tested (25 mg kg(-1)) also produced necrosis in the interstitial tissue, degeneration of the epithelial cells of the tubules and a reduction in melanomacrophage centre numbers. The SA combination proved the most effective treatment for Myxobolus sp. infection of P. puntazzo as (1) the therapeutic regimen and commercial product was not toxic and (2) a significant reduction occurred in the prevalence rate.  (+info)

A degenerative encephalomyelopathy in 7 Kuvasz puppies. (6/13)

Seven Kuvasz puppies from 2 same-parentage litters developed weakness and ataxia. Six necropsied dogs had lesions in caudate nucleus, cerebellar nuclei and folia, and spinal cord. Lesions seen were felt to be familial or due to the effects of an amprolium-induced thiamine deficiency on the developing brains of these puppies.  (+info)

Evaluation of a Bacillus stearothermophilus tube test as a screening tool for anticoccidial residues in poultry. (7/13)

A Bacillus stearothermophilus var. calidolactis C953 tube test was evaluated for its ability in detecting the residue of selected anticoccidial drugs in poultry, specially sulfamethazine, furazolidone, and amprolium. Various concentrations of each drug were injected into chicken liver and kidney tissues and these tissues were tested to determine the drug detection limits for each drug. The detection limit was defined as the drug concentration at which 95 % of the test results were interpreted as positive. The limits of detection in liver tissue were 0.35 microgram/ml for furazolidone, 0.70 microgram/ml for sulfamethazine and 7.80 microgram/ml for amprolium. In kidney tissues, they were 0.30 microgram/ml for furazolidone, 0.54 microgram/ml for sulfamethazine, and 7.6 microgram/ml for amprolium. It was concluded that this tube test could be used to screen for the residue of these three drugs in poultry.  (+info)

Thiamine deficiency induces endoplasmic reticulum stress in neurons. (8/13)

Thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency (TD) causes region selective neuronal loss in the brain; it has been used to model neurodegeneration that accompanies mild impairment of oxidative metabolism. The mechanisms for TD-induced neurodegeneration remain incompletely elucidated. Inhibition of protein glycosylation, perturbation of calcium homeostasis and reduction of disulfide bonds provoke the accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and cause ER stress. Recently, ER stress has been implicated in a number of neurodegenerative models. We demonstrated here that TD up-regulated several markers of ER stress, such as glucose-regulated protein (GRP) 78, growth arrest and DNA-damage inducible protein or C/EBP-homologus protein (GADD153/Chop), phosphorylation of eIF2alpha and cleavage of caspase-12 in the cerebellum and the thalamus of mice. Furthermore, ultrastructural analysis by electron microscopic study revealed an abnormality in ER structure. To establish an in vitro model of TD in neurons, we treated cultured cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) with amprolium, a potent inhibitor of thiamine transport. Exposure to amprolium caused apoptosis and the generation of reactive oxygen species in CGNs. Similar to the observation in vivo, TD up-regulated markers for ER stress. Treatment of a selective inhibitor of caspase-12 significantly alleviated amprolium-induced death of CGNs. Thus, ER stress may play a role in TD-induced brain damage.  (+info)

*Amprolium

... is the organic compound sold as a coccidiostat used in poultry. It has many (International Nonproprietary Names. The ... Displacement of the halogen by α-picoline gives amprolium. Shinkichi Shimizu, Nanao Watanabe, Toshiaki Kataoka, Takayuki Shoji ...

*Coccidiosis

Examples are toltrazuril (Baycox) or amprolium. After multiple infections, surviving chickens become resistant to the coccidia ...

*Sarcocystis

Amprolium (100 mg/kg, sid for 30 days), fed prophylactically, reduced illness in cattle inoculated with S. cruzi. Prophylactic ... Amprolium and salinomycin was effective in preventing severe illness and death in experimentally infected calves and lambs. ... administration of amprolium or salinomycin also protected experimentally infected sheep. In horses treatment has been confined ...

*Butyronitrile

... is mainly used as a precursor to the poultry drug amprolium. Butyronitrile is prepared industrially by the ...

*2-Methylpyridine

N-alkylation of picoline is used in production of amprolium, an antiprotozoan. Picoplatin is also N-alkylated. Dimethindene ...

*Carbarsone

McDougald LR (1979). "Efficacy and compatibility of amprolium and carbarsone against Coccidiosis and blackhead in turkeys". ...

*Eimeria

The following drugs can be used for treatment of coccidiosis in cattle: amprolium, sulfaquinoxaline, and sulfamethazine. ...

*Cystoisospora canis

Some of the antibiotics include: Sulfadimethoxine Amprolium Coccidia is found in 3% to 38% of dogs in North America. To prevent ...

*Sulfaquinoxaline

It is available in Pakistan with Sanna Laboratories in combination with Amprolium and Vitamin K as potential treatment of ...

*ATCvet code QP51

... combinations QP51AX59 Amprolium, combinations Empty group Empty group Empty group Empty group Empty group "ATCvet Index 2018: ... Phanquinone QP51AX04 Mepacrine QP51AX05 Nifursol QP51AX06 Homidium QP51AX07 Diminazen QP51AX08 Halofuginone QP51AX09 Amprolium ...

*List of MeSH codes (D03)

... amprolium MeSH D03.383.725.676.925 --- vitamin b 6 MeSH D03.383.725.676.925.500 --- pyridoxal MeSH D03.383.725.676.925.500.500 ...

*Coccidiostat

Examples include: amprolium arprinocid artemether clazuril clopidol decoquinate diclazuril dinitolmide ethopabate halofuginone ...

*List of drugs: Am

... amprenavir amprolium (INN) AMPT ampyrimine (INN) ampyzine (INN) amquinate (INN) Amrinone amrinone (INN) amrubicin (INN) ...
I have seen both. Is it ok to use lasalocid? The food I just bought has this in it. The concentration of Amprolium in chicken food says .0125% while...
Listing your company for Amprolium allows buyers to find your information through our directory pages which appear in the top positions when a search is conducted in Google, Yahoo!, MSN etc ...
Listing your company for AMPROLIUM HCL allows buyers to find your information through our directory pages which appear in the top positions when a search is conducted in Google, Yahoo!, MSN etc ...
Description: Chemical characteristics of the actinides (Th, U, Np, Pu, Am) have been studied relative to nonradioactive chemical elements that have similar characteristics in an attempt to identify a group of actinide chemical analogues that are nonradioactive. In general, the chemistries of the actinides, especially U, Np, Pu, and Am, are very complex and attempts to identify a single chemical analogue for each oxidation state were not successful. However, the rationale for selecting a group of chemical analogues that would mimic the actinides as a group is provided. The categorization of possible chemical analogues (tracers) with similar chemical properties was based on the following criteria. Categorization was studied according. ...
A while ago I emailed Purine to ask them about their medicated chick feed and eating the chickens, this is what they emailed back to me. Just for...
Product Number , 48538940. CAS Number , 137-88-2. EC , 205-307-5. Molecular Formula , C14H19N4Cl.HCl. Molecular Weight , 315.24. Storage Temp , Harmonized Tariff code , 29335995. Signal Word , ...
Continue with 0.006% amprolium medicated water for an additional 1 to 2 weeks. No other source of drinking water should be available to the birds during this time. Use as the sole source of amprolium ...
1. The Na+ and Cl− transport systems of human erythrocytes have been compared for their sensitivities to diuretics known to act in the ascending limb of Henles loop. In addition, chemical analogues of loop compounds and also diuretics which act in other areas of the nephron have been examined.. 2. The Na+ transport system lacks specificity with respect to inhibition by loop diuretics and also a related chemical analogue studied at equivalent concentrations.. 3. The Cl− transport system is inhibited, at low concentrations, by diuretics known to act in the ascending limb of Henles loop.. 4. Erythrocyte Cl− transport offers a useful model with which to study the biochemical action of diuretics.. ...
A quick HPLC method is reported for the analysis of polysorbate 80 in pharmaceutical suspensions. A typical pharmaceutical suspension was mixed with dilute potassium hydroxide, and heated at 40 °C for 6 h. This procedure resulted in quantitative hydrolysis of polysorbate 80 to release oleic acid. A quick HPLC procedure was used to analyze the hydrolyzed samples without further sample treatment. Polysorbate 80 USP, treated in the same way as the pharmaceutical suspensions, was used as standard. Full validation tests were carried out and the validation studies demonstrated that this method is suitable for accurate and reproducible analysis of polysorbate 80 in pharmaceutical suspensions ...
Bulk Pharmaceuticals Acyclovir CAS 59277-89-3 Albendazole CAS 54965-21-8 Allopurinol CAS 315-30-0 Alpha Methyldopa CAS 555-30-6 Amodiaquine CAS 86-42-0 Amprolium HCL CAS 121-25-5 Analgin CAS
Most globally popular drugs are plant neurotoxins or their close chemical analogs. These compounds evolved to deter, not reward or reinforce, consumption. Moreover, they reliably activate virtually all toxin defense mechanisms, and are thus correctly identified by human neurophysiology as toxins. Acute drug toxicity must therefore play a more central role in drug use theory. We accordingly challenge the popular idea that the rewarding and reinforcing properties of drugs hijack the brain, and propose instead that the brain evolved to carefully regulate neurotoxin consumption to minimize fitness costs and maximize fitness benefits. This perspective provides a compelling explanation for the dramatic changes in substance use that occur during the transition from childhood to adulthood, and for pervasive sex differences in substance use: because nicotine and many other plant neurotoxins are teratogenic, children, and to a lesser extent women of childbearing age, evolved to avoid ingesting them. However,
For the last 9 years or so, ever since my first visits to gyms and sports halls, i couldnt help but notice that 70 percent of muscular guys who were in these gyms were either bald, balding, or very receding. This spiked my interest at an early age to find out what preventions there were , and what could be done to help cause regrowth of lost hair.. Enter the famous DHT blockers, with an astounding array of nasty sides, I know there has to be something better!!. Well through my studies i came across a few surprising alternitive therapies.. The main reason why lots of people get receeding hair lines, thinning hair and baldness is actualy caused by a lack of blood flow to the scalp..add that to the reduced size of the follicles caused by the conversion of DHT and then it binding to the skin and you have a recipe for hair loss.. So what can be done?. Well firstly i looked at vasolidators not prostaglandins, i wanted to look at products that contained the NO chemical analog.. Nitric oxide.reason ...
Amprolium is the active ingredient to aid in the treatment and prevention of bovine coccidiosis in calves caused by Eimeria bovis and E. zunii. Recommended to be administrated in the drinking water or as a drench.
The present specification provides novel analogs of carbacyclin (CBA.sub.2), 6a-carba-prostacyclin (6a-carba-PGI.sub.2), which have pronounced prostacyclin-like pharmacological activity, e.g., as platelet antiaggregatory agents. Specifically the novel chemical analogs of CBA.sub.2 are those substituted by fluoro (C-5), alkyl (C-9), interphenylene (C-5), and methano (C-6a,9). Further provided are benzindene analogs of CBA.sub.2 and substituted forms thereof, i.e., 9-deoxy-2,9-methano (or 2,9-metheno)-3-oxa-4,5,6-trinor-3,7-(1,3-interphenylene)-PGF.sub.1 compounds. Also provided are a variety of novel chemical intermediates, e.g., substituted bicyclo[3.3.0]octane intermediates, and chemical process utilizing such intermediates which are useful in the preparation of the novel CBA.sub.2 analogs.
Kukas WorldInformación sobre Razas de Perros.Tienda de Moda Canina de Diseño. Complementos y accesorios exclusivos para Mascotas.
3 - slide of candida & mention3 tests for identification on the medium (el bay5 eno 2al 3 w homa 3 y3ny efteker ... ana katabt germ tube test w mish 3ayza abos fel ketab 3l taneen elmohem eno fel TBL ...
A method for high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) multiresidue determination of six pesticides in tomatoes was developed and validated. Silica-based C18 (octadecyl) and NH2 (aminopropyl) solid-phase extraction (SPE) sorbents, made in our laboratory, were used for sample preparation. The SPE materials were obtained by thermal immobilization of appropriate polysiloxanes onto 40 microm silica surfaces and were used in sample preparation for multiresidue analysis of the following pesticides: tebuthiuron and diuron (urea herbicides), simazine, atrazine and ametryn (triazines herbicides) and benomyl (benzimidazol fungicide). The results were compared with similar commercial materials. Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) using a Purospher RP-18 5 microm column and ACN: 0.01% aqueous NH4OH, pH 8.4 (35:65, v/v) as mobile phase, at 0.7 mlmin(-1), with 235 nm UV detection, was used for separation and quantification of the pesticides. Method validation was performed at ...
by K.J. Theodore of www.shagbarkbantams.com. Amprolium shortage? Why are you worried?. Im not. Thats because I practice prevention. And if theres anything to practice prevention for, its COCCIDIOSIS. Since Coccidiosis is one of the most flock-devastating protozoan parasitic diseases, Cocci management should forever be at the forefront of any good health and nutrition program.. If youve ever survived a round of Cocci in your own flock, you know what I mean about devastating. If youre new to the Fancy with a cute little backyard flock, your days are numbered for heartbreak.. It will come from nowhere in the form of a once healthy nice little bird suddenly looking as though theyve ruffled their feathers. They may already be sulking in a corner. Then comes the bloody diarrhea or the oozing of clear fluid from the mouth when you pick them up. By this time, its too late - most of the damage is already done, and its only taken about 96 hours to get there. Cocci outbreaks are particularly ...
Some recent studies have put forward the hypothesis that the presence oftrans-resveratrol (trans-3,5,4′-trihydroxystilbene) in red wine may be related to some of its therapeutic properties. A fundamental step in view of this evaluation is the development of a method for the quick, accurate and precise analysis of this compound. Sample enrichment and purification can be obtained by solid-phase extraction using reverse-phase C18 cartridges. HPLC analysis carried out by means of a photodiode-array detector, with an internal standard method, allows the detection of up to 10 μg/L in wine, with a linear range between 0.6 and 300 ng injected and a precision of 3.3%. The results of the first analyses show that the concentrations oftrans-resveratrol in wines might be much higher than so far reported in the literature. ...
http://www.all-laptopfan.com/,http://www.all-keyboard.com/ Silicon, a tetravalent metalloid is a chemical element with the symbol Si and atomic number 14. It is less reactive than its chemical analog carbon, the nonmetal directly above it in the periodic table, but more reactive thangermanium, the metalloid directly below it in the table. Controversy about silicons character dates to its discovery; it was first prepared and characterized in pure form in 1823. HP Pavilion dv7-1157cl CPU Fan In 1808, it was given the name silicium (from Latin:silex, hard stone or flint), with an -ium word-ending to suggest a metal, a name which the element retains in several non-English languages. However, its final English name, first suggested in 1817, reflects the more physically similar elements carbon and boron. Silicon is the eighth most common element in the universe by mass, but very rarely occurs as the pure free element in nature. HP Pavilion dv6-3163eo CPU Fan It is most widely distributed in dusts, ...
A simple, rapid and specific ion-pair liquid chromatographic method for the routine determination of the marker residue of oxytetracycline in sheep milk, at levels as low as 20 microg/kg, has been developed. Milk samples were acidified and extracted with acetonitrile. The extracts were purified by treatment with ammonium sulphate and concentrated into diluted phosphoric acid. Separation was carried out isocratically on a Nucleosil C(18) column using a mobile phase that contained both positively and negatively charged pairing ions. The in-house validated method gave overall recoveries and overall relative standard deviations better than 86% and 4.6%, respectively. The method was successfully applied to study the depletion of oxytetracycline in sheep milk and to estimate the withdrawal period after intramuscular administration of a commercial oxytetracycline formulation.
Academic Journals Database is a universal index of periodical literature covering basic research from all fields of knowledge, and is particularly strong in medical research, humanities and social sciences. Full-text from most of the articles is available. Academic Journals Database contains complete bibliographic citations, precise indexing, and informative abstracts for papers from a wide range of periodicals.
The diverse collection of microorganisms colonising the healthy gastrointestinal tract of pigs, referred to as the microbiota, plays an essential role not only for the well-being of the animal, but also for animal nutrition and performance and for the quality of animal products. A number of...
The PDB archive contains information about experimentally-determined structures of proteins, nucleic acids, and complex assemblies. As a member of the wwPDB, the RCSB PDB curates and annotates PDB data according to agreed upon standards. The RCSB PDB also provides a variety of tools and resources. Users can perform simple and advanced searches based on annotations relating to sequence, structure and function. These molecules are visualized, downloaded, and analyzed by users who range from students to specialized scientists.
The high-performance liquid chromatographic method published by Aliu & Odegaard (1983) was found to give poor peak separation when used to determine plasma diminazene concentrations in cattle. Before bioequivalence studies could be carried out, the method had to be modified. Solid-phase extraction with acetonitrile/0,025 M Na-octane sulphonate and 2% acetic acid as eluent, followed by sample concentration, gave recoveries of , 90% for diminazene and the internal standard. A mobile phase of acetonitrile/0,005 M Na-octane sulphonate, 0,1% triethylamine, pH 3,2 with acetic acid on a Nova Pak C 18 column was used for the analysis. Wavelength switching was used to determine the internal standard (imidocarb) and diminazene at their respective wavelengths of maximum absorbance, resulting in a fivefold increase in the limit of detection for diminazene. The modified method attained a detection limit of 2 ng/ml (peak 4x baseline noise) , limit of quantitation of 10 ng/ml (coefficient of variation , 15 %) ...
HOUSHMAND, M. et al. Effects of non-antibiotic feed additives on performance, immunity and intestinal morphology of broilers fed different levels of protein. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.1, pp.22-32. ISSN 2221-4062.. In order to investigate the effects of the dietary supplementation of organic acids, prebiotics and probiotics on broiler chickens, a total of 288 day-old male Cobb chicks were allocated in a completely randomized design according to a 2 x 4 factorial, consisting of two levels of crude protein (recommended or low (85% of recommended)) and a four feed-additive programme. The basal diet without any feed additive served as control and one of the following additives, organic acids, a prebiotic and a probiotic, were added to the basal diet to form the other treatments. Starter and finisher diets were offered from 1 to 21 d and 22 to 42 d of age, respectively. The birds were reared in an open-sided house system under natural tropical conditions with the same housing and ...
The present invention relates to an algal adduct of the citrullinylarginine natural dipeptide as well as to its dermatological use and the use of chemical analogs issued from the same dipeptide displaying no toxic potential, as skin and phanera care and treatment agents, the said analogs having the following general formula (I): in which: R 1 represents an acyl or acycloxy radical, R 2 represents a hydroxyl, amine, alkylamine or alcoxy radical, R 3 represents a hydrogen atom or a hydroxyl radical.
N,α-Diethylphenylethylamine (N,α-DEPEA, 2-ethylamino-1-phenylbutane, EAPB) is a close chemical analog of methamphetamine which has been sold as a designer drug.[1][2][3] It was originally patented by Knoll Pharma as one of several analogs for pharmaceutical applications. In animals models these analogs showed properties of cognitive enhancement and increased pain tolerance.[4] Nevertheless, this class of compounds was never developed into a medicine. N,α-DEPEA has not been studied in humans, but experts such as Pieter Cohen of Harvard Medical School expect it to be less potent than methamphetamine, but greater than ephedrine.[5] ...
Fragile X syndrome is the most common monogenetic form of intellectual disability and autism. Although the Fmr1 knockout mouse model recapitulates many aspects of the human FXS condition, the establishment of robust social behavioural phenotypes suitable for drug screening has been difficult. Here, we describe a novel social behavioural paradigm, the Automated Tube Test (ATT), for which Fmr1 knockout mice demonstrate a highly reliable and robust phenotype. Fmr1 KO mice show highly dominant behaviour over wild-type littermates in the ATT. Consistent with previous findings, we observed a highly significant, albeit partial, rescue of the altered social behaviour of Fmr1 knockout mice in the ATT, using genetic (mGluR5 deletion) or pharmacological inhibition (mGluR5 antagonist) of mGluR5 signalling independently. Together, our results validate the Automated Tube Test as a robust outcome measure for social behaviour in preclinical research for FXS, and confirm the pathophysiological relevance of ...
Here, we provided evidence that RP105/MD-1 plays a major role in regulating adipose tissue inflammation and metabolic disorders. Many detrimental consequences of an HFD were ameliorated by targeting genes encoding for RP105 or MD-1. TLR4 KO mice showed reduced HFD-induced adipose tissue inflammation (Fig. 6), but our results clearly revealed more requirements of RP105/MD-1 than TLR4/MD-2 in the induction of adipose tissue inflammation and obesity. The higher levels of cell surface and transcript expression of RP105/MD-1 in eWAT might simply reflect the requirements of RP105/MD-1 (Figs. 1-3). As is demonstrated, however, RP105/MD-1 plays unique, TLR4-independent roles in adipose tissue inflammation, and a ligand and signaling pathway of RP105/MD-1 must be different from those of TLR4/MD-2 (Fig. 8A and Supplementary Fig. 9). A dietary or endogenous ligand other than palmitic and stearic acids might trigger upregulation of RP105 on macrophages that, in turn, accumulate in adipose tissue. The ...
Polio in Cattle can be Caused by Sulfur Toxicity. Polioencephalomalacia (PEM) was first reported in 1956 and was described as a neurologic disorder of cattle characterized by blindness, ataxia, recumbancy and seizures. The micropathologic description was a laminar cortical necrosis. This description of PEM is still accurate 50 years later, but several additional causes have been identified. Polioencephalomalacia in cattle was thought at one time to be caused exclusively by a thiamine deficiency. The deficiency was thought to develop because the rumen did not produce enough thiamine or products such as amprolium inhibited thiamine production. Some of the confusion surrounding the cause of PEM is because there is no method to accurately evaluate thiamine status in animals. It is now known that the laminar cortical necrosis observed in the brain can be caused by sulfur toxicity in addition to lead toxicity, salt toxicity, hypoxia, thiamine deficiency and vascular damage in general. Sulfur toxicity ...
Albinism, ocular 345 Albinotic sensorineural deafness 438 Alexander disease 335 Allodynia 190 Alpha fucosidosis 427 Alpha glucosidosis 427 Alpha iduronidase 427 Alpha mannosidase 427 Alpha melanotropism 484 Alsatian-idiopathic epilepsy 458 Alternative anticonvulsant drugs 466 American Bulldog-Ceroid lipofuscinosis 385, 428 American Miniature Horse-Narcolepsy 470 American StaffordshireTerrier-Cerebellar cortical abiotrophy 367 Amikacin 329 Aminocaproic acid 262 Aminoglycoside antibiotics 329, 439 Amprolium toxicity 421 Ampulla 320 Amygdala 195, 448, 484 Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) 102 Analgesia 234, 236 Anatomic diagnosis 487 Anencephaly 39 Angus-Cerebellar cortical abiotrophy 375 Mannosidosis 427 Anhydrosis 175 Anisocoria 169, 360 Anorexia 484 Anosmia 445 Anticonvulsant drugs 466 Antidiuretic hormone 483 Aortic thromboembolism 155 Aperture-lateral 24, 30, 56 Aplasia-Cerebral (telencephalon) 39 Spinal cord-Segmental 50 Apoptosis 27 Appetite control 484 Aqueduct-Mesencephalic 23, 32 ...
The present study shows that supplementation with the above feed additives could serve as a heat stress abatement strategy in growing KF heifers during extreme conditions in summer months
Alternative splicing (AS) is a widespread process facilitating the generation of regulatory and proteomic complexity. However, the function of the vast majority of AS events detected to date is unknown, and landscapes of regulated AS remain to be identified. To contribute to address these challenges, we present VAST-DB, a massive resource of genome-wide quantitative profiles generated using vast-tools (https://github.com/vastgroup/vast-tools) for all main classes of AS events of a wide range of human, mouse and chicken tissues, cell types and developmental stages. The resulting atlas of AS events reveals extensive new intergenic and intragenic regulatory and functional relationships involving different classes of AS events, as well as previously unknown conserved landscapes of tissue-regulated exons. We also report and validate hundreds of AS events that are alternatively spliced in virtually all profiled tissue and cell types. These AS events are highly enriched in genes that encode ...
Well, I feel like I am eating okay - but I am not losing any weight at all. I am really starting to believe that there is no way to lose weight by eating right - unless it is accompanied with a regular schedule of physical exercise.. This is daunting and really frustrating to me because I never have time to go to the gym and when I get home from work - all I want to do is eat and rest!!! And by eating, I dont mean pig out, I mean eat my dinner because I dont eat much and I am starving. Also, everyday this week I have set my alarm early in hopes that I would wake up and get to the gym between 7 and 8am. But I cant even get myself out of bed till 7:15 let alone be at the gym, etc at that time.. Thursday morning I am really dragging. I just feel low energy and exhausted. I dont know why I feel so worn. Maybe I didnt get enough "energy" food in my system on Wednesday. Maybe I just need more rest? My boyfriend said it was because I have not worked out in like a month... hmmm... ...
inproceedings{2127976, abstract = {Yeast-extracts derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be used as feed additive to improve animal health by promoting intestinal flora and by stimulating the immune system (Patterson, 2005). The impact of such feed additives on intestinal absorption of antibiotics has however not been described yet. T-2 toxin is an emerging Fusarium mycotoxin, that can be present as feed contaminant and for which it is known it disturbs the intestinal integrity. It was therefore the aim of the present study to determine the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of orally administered chlortetracycline in pigs after intake of 100 {\textmu}g/kg T-2 toxin contaminated feed whether or not supplemented with a commercially available yeast-extract feed additive. Twenty-four 9-week-old pigs (Landrace) were randomized into a control group (n = 6) and three experimental groups (each n = 6). After an acclimatization period of one week, the groups were given respectively blank feed (control ...
Citation: Khrimian, A., Jang, E.B., Nagata, J.T., Carvalho, L.A. 2006. Consumption and metabolism of 1,2-dimethoxy-4-(3-fluoro-2-propenyl) benzene, a fluorine analog of methyl eugenol, in the oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis (hendel). Journal of Chemical Ecology. 32:1513-1526 Interpretive Summary: The Oriental Fruit Fly is a destructive pest of a broad range of plants and agricultural crops. Males of the fruit fly are strongly attracted to, and feed upon a commonly occuring plant constituent named ME. ME has been successfully used in traps and designed to detect, control and eradicate oriental fruit fly populations worldwide. A potential problem to the continued use of ME in pest management programs are reports indicating that ME byproducts may be toxic to other animals. In an attempt to develop safer alternatives to ME, we synthesized a chemical analog that was attractive to males of the fruit fly and did not appear to produce high levels of unfavorable byproduct. These results are of ...
Macrolide antibiotics like erythromycin and clarithromycin cause epigastric distress. 1 The various mechanisms of prokinetic action of erythromycin were widely studied. 2,3,4,5,6,7,8 Clarithromycin, a very close chemical analogue of erythromycin (Fig, 1 and 2) shares many actions of erythromycin. Oral clarithromycin enhances postprandial gall-bladder emptying in healthy volunteers. 9 Plasma motilin concentrations peak with the periodic contraction of the gall-bladder, which occurs in the interdigestive period, synchronous with phase III of the migrating motor complex. 22,23 Intravenous clarithromycin enhances interdigestive gastro duodenal motility of patients with functional dyspepsia and Helicobacter pylori gastritis. 10 Clarithromycin reduces fasting gall bladder volumes and enhances both fasting and postprandial gall bladder contractions in normal humans and also in those with gall stone disease. 11 Standard methods for measurement of orocecal transit time are inconvenient or difficult to ...
Hoyumpa AM Jr.; Am J Clin Nutr. 1980 Dec;33(12):2750-61. ABSTRACT: In the United States and other developed countries thiamin deficiency is often related to chronic alcoholism. A number of mechanisms may be involved in the pathogenesis of thiamin deficiency in the alcoholic population. An important cause is inadequate intake of thiamin. Moreover, there may be decreased conversion of thiamin to the active coenzyme, reduced hepatic storage of the vitamin in patients with fatty metamorphosis, ethanol inhibition of intestinal thiamin transport, and impaired thiamin absorption secondary to other states of nutritional deficiency. The present discussion focuses on the mechanism of ethanol-related thiamin malabsorption. Under normal conditions thiamin transport in animals and humans is biphasic. At low or physiological thiamin concentrations, transport is a saturable, carrier-mediated, active process; but at higher concentrations, the transport of thiamin is predominantly passive. Ethanol reduces the ...
Product list of China Green Feed Additive, show the variety of China products related to Green Feed Additive; You can choose the right product of China Green Feed Additive on this list.
ID DNJC3_HUMAN Reviewed; 504 AA. AC Q13217; Q86WT9; Q8N4N2; DT 16-AUG-2005, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot. DT 01-NOV-1996, sequence version 1. DT 27-SEP-2017, entry version 163. DE RecName: Full=DnaJ homolog subfamily C member 3; DE AltName: Full=Endoplasmic reticulum DNA J domain-containing protein 6; DE Short=ER-resident protein ERdj6; DE Short=ERdj6; DE AltName: Full=Interferon-induced, double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase inhibitor; DE AltName: Full=Protein kinase inhibitor of 58 kDa; DE Short=Protein kinase inhibitor p58; DE Flags: Precursor; GN Name=DNAJC3; Synonyms=P58IPK, PRKRI; OS Homo sapiens (Human). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; OC Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. OX NCBI_TaxID=9606; RN [1] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], AND TISSUE SPECIFICITY. RX PubMed=8666242; DOI=10.1016/0378-1119(95)00883-7; RA Korth M.J., Lyons C.N., Wambach M., Katze M.G.; RT "Cloning, expression, ...
Along the Pacific coast of North America, the marine fish, Porichthys notatus, is distributed as a northern nonluminescent population and a southern luminescent one. Bioluminescence capability is inducible in nonluminescent P. notatus by a single oral or intraperitoneal administration of a small amount of luciferin, a compound used by the marine ostracod crustacean, Vargula, as substrate for light emission. Once induced, the fish is capable of luminescing for more than 2 years. The results of the present study show that: (1) P. notatus photophores incorporate 14C-labelled Vargula luciferin: (2) the specific activity of the incorporated label is undiluted when recovered from the photophores 7 weeks later; (3) two chemical analogues of Vargula luciferin do not induce bioluminescence capability in the fish; (4) luciferinol, another close analogue of Vargula luciferin, induces a very weak bioluminescent capability in the fish; and (5) two key intermediates in the degradation of Vargula luciferin, ...
This study identifies PKR as an essential mediator for several forms of stress-induced apoptosis. Specifically, our results implicate PKR in a signaling pathway that is responsive not only to dsRNA, but also to TNF-α and LPS. While the activation of PKR by dsRNA has been well studied (8), the mechanism of activation by these other stimuli is presently unclear. One possibility could involve the phosphorylation of PKR by an upstream kinase that is activated by one of the above stimuli [for example, the TNF-receptor-associated kinase, RIP (27), or a TNF-α/LPS-activated MAP kinase (4)]. Regardless of the activation mechanisms involved, our data show that PKR is required for regulating the DNA-binding ability of IRF-1 in response to stress-related stimuli. Previous studies have suggested that expression of IRF-1 protein in cells is insufficient to manifest any functional activity unless a phosphorylation signal is provided, potentially by PKR (28). While the mechanistic details of the interaction ...
Researchers evaluated the effects of feeding Outpace® Swine Feed Additive on the performance of nursery pigs raised with or without antibiotics. Click to read the results.
The latest issue of the Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics compares immunosuppressants with biologics for reducing hospitalization and surgery in Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis ...
This present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary inclusion of 4, 8 and 12 g kg-1 phytogenic feed additives mixture on performance, egg quality, ovary parameters, serum biochemical parameters and yolk trimethylamine level in laying hens. The results of experiment have shown that egg weight was increased by supplementation of 12 g kg-1 feed additive whereas egg production, feed intake and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were not significantly affected. There were no significant differences in egg quality parameters by supplementation of phytogenic feed additive, whereas yolk trimethylamine level was decreased as the feed additive level increased. The sensory evaluation parameters did not differ significantly. No significant differences were found in serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels between the treatments but low- and high-density lipoprotein were significantly increased. Number of small follicles and ovary weight were significantly increased by supplementation of 12 g kg-1 feed
There are many types of feed additives on the market today that perform a variety of specific functions. Certain additives promote optimal growth and others improve palatability. Phytase is a feed additive that breaks down phytates to promote the release of inorganic phosphorus bound in plant-based feed ingredients. Phytate is classified as an indigestible acid…
The Slovak Cuvac is a Slovak breed of dog, bred for use as a livestock guard dog. This mountain dog-also known as Slovensky Cuvac, Slovak Chuvach, Tatransky Cuvac and Slovensky Kuvac-is closely related to the Hungarian Kuvasz. The alternate German and English spelling Tchouvatch reflects the pronunciation: chew-votch. The breed is recognised under sponsorship from Slovakia by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale with the name Slovenský čuvač. Despite the multiple renderings in English, these refer to only one breed. The United Kennel Club in the US uses the English version of the name Slovak Cuvac. Slovak sheep farming has a very old tradition. The Slovak Cuvac, together with mountain sheep, the Hucul horse, and typical inhabitants of the mountains, formed the fundamental economic preconditions for the utilization of pastures for cattle. The inhabitants of the Slovak mountains were mostly free people who defended the frontiers and paid duties in sheeps cheese. The institution of these ...
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1140 agribusiness professionals from across the globe provided their views on the use of phytogenic feed additives (PFAs, or botanicals) as part of the 2017 BIOMIN Phytogenic Feed Additives Survey.
1140 agribusiness professionals from across the globe provided their views on the use of phytogenic feed additives (PFAs, or botanicals) as part of the 2017 BIOMIN Phytogenic Feed Additives Survey.
A method is described for the adsorption on charcoal and desorption with carbon-disulfide (75150) for gas chromatographic determination of 2-butanone (78933). Data are given on the principle, range and sensitivity, interference, precision, accuracy, advantages and disadvantages of the method. Also described are the apparatus, reagents and procedure used; analysis of samples; determination of desor
A method is described for the filter collection, ether extraction and subsequent gas chromatographic determination of tributyl- phosphate (126738) in the air. Data are given on the principle, range and sensitivity, precision, accuracy, advantages and disadvantages of the method. Also described are the apparatus, reagents and procedure used; analysis of samples; interferences; calibration and stand
Effect of temperature, humidity and additives on the formation of biogenic amines in sucuk during ripening and storage periods ...
Herbal Feed Additive Manufacturers , Herbal Feed Additive Suppliers Directory - Find China Herbal Feed Additive Manufacturers, List of Herbal Feed Additive Companies on Bossgoo.com
This is Digital Version of (Ebook) Brittle Matrix Composites: Influence of mineral additives on concrete carbonation Product Will Be Delivered Via Ema
With the successful sales of its feed additives sourced from Biomin, Zintec Feed Supplements has decided to set up a stand alone division: Zintec Feed Solutions. This new division will be responsible for the distribution of feed additives to the feed industry.
Feed additive are the functional ingredients added to the feed to aid healthy growth of animals. There are various types of feed additives catering to a...
* found in: COD Tube Tests, The Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) test is widely used as a measure of organic contamination by determining the quantity of..
Today, the Gel Test is widely used in the world since it quickly became the human Gold standard in the Immunohematology diagnostic field. Thanks to this new technology the sensitivity has been highly increased compared to conventional methods (tube tests or others).. One of the main advantages of the Gel Test technology is the fact that cells never need to be washed for crossmatching or to perform direct antiglobulin testing. Other positive effects are the small sample size needed and the time saving.. Thanks to his long experience in the Immuno-hematology field, we were able to launch the Alvedia Gel Test range which aims at becoming the new veterinarian gold standard in order to provide veterinary health professionals with the most sensitive, reliable and rapid technology.. ...
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Thiamine HCl Cytex is a medicine available in a number of countries worldwide. A list of US medications equivalent to Thiamine HCl Cytex is available on the Drugs.com website.
Puppies need to be vaccinated at 5, 6, 9, 12, and then 15 weeks of age to prevent and protect them from potential diseases they may be exposed to. For the majority of puppies and dogs, Drs. Foster & Smith recommend the following: ...
Puppies need to be vaccinated at 5, 6, 9, 12, and then 15 weeks of age to prevent and protect them from potential diseases they may be exposed to. For the majority of puppies and dogs, Drs. Foster & Smith recommend the following: ...
Learn how to treat puppy vomiting properly, and protect your pup from the dangers associated with this common puppy health problem.
Meet /moni.schiflerazank, view pictures of /moni.schiflerazanks puppies or sign up, create your profile and submit your own puppy.
An interlaboratory study was organised to validate the preliminary CEN method PrEN 12673: Water Quality - Gas Chromatographic determination of some selected chlorophenols in water. This intercomparison study on three types of water - drinking water, surface water and waste water - comprised a total of nine samples: a high-level, low-level and blank for each of the three types of water. The level of sample was based on the water quality objectives. The variation of the samples with respect to homogeneity and stability of the components appeared after extensive testing to be negligible in comparison with the variation between the results of the participants. In this data set about 7% of the data were detected as statistical outliers and subsequently rejected. For the remaining data set the relative standard deviations for repeatability varied between 5% and 25% and reproducibility between 25% and 55%. Both these ranges comply with the general variation in interlaboratory studies as found by ...
Kerns, J.C., Arundel, C., Chawla, L.S. (2015) Thiamin Deficiency in People with Obesity. Advances in Nutrition 6(2): 147-153. http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/an.114.007526. ...
Kerns, J., Arundel, C., & Chawla, L. S. (2015). Thiamin deficiency in people with obesity.. Advances in Nutrition, 6 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/an.114.007526 ...
To investigate the role of social hierarchy in the behavior of Nlgn3y/- mice and their wild-type (Nlgn3y/+) littermates, we analyzed the behavior of mice from litters consisting of both genotypes (MGH) in comparison to litters in which male mice were all of the same Nlgn3y/+ genotype (SGH). As previously reported (Radyushkin et al., 2009; Fischer and Hammerschmidt, 2011), Nlgn3y/- mice from MGH emitted fewer ultrasonic vocalizations during courtship in comparison to Nlgn3y/+ from MGH [Nlgn3y/+ 22.2 ± 3.5 s and Nlgn3y/- 9.8 ± 2.8 s, P = 0.007, F(18,16) = 1.49; Fig. 2A]. Additionally, in the tube test, Nlgn3y/- mice from MGH lost more frequently when competing against Nlgn3y/+ mice from MGH (Nlgn3y/+ 72.9% ± 9.8% and Nlgn3y/- 29.4% ± 10.3%; P = 0.0074; Fig. 2B), suggesting that they are socially submissive to their wild-type littermates (Wang et al., 2011). In groups of mice with a stable social hierarchy, there is a correlation between ranking in courtship vocalization and in the tube test ...
The Global and Chinese Animal Feed Additive Industry, 2012-2022 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global Animal Feed Additive industry with a focus on the Chinese market. The report provides key statistics on the market status of the Animal Feed Additive manufacturers and is a valuable…
Catalyzes the phosphorylation of thiamine to thiamine pyrophosphate. Can also catalyze the phosphorylation of pyrithiamine to pyrithiamine pyrophosphate.
China Nutrition Enhancers, Feed Additives, Additive, offered by China manufacturer & supplier -Weifang Bochuang Chemical Co., Ltd., page1
China Nutrition Enhancers, Feed Additives, Additive, offered by China manufacturer & supplier -Weifang Bochuang Chemical Co., Ltd., page1
The research data is accumulating to explain why some carbohydrates are not just feed ingredients- they are effective feed additives, affecting specific metabolic functions. One in particular, appears not only to be able to prevent pathogens getting hold in the intestine, but can improve gut-associated immune function too.
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MilPro-TX®, a feed additive, supports intestinal health in animals by reinforcing the intestinal mucosa barrier and assisting in the regeneration of epithelium.
Feed - Additives, page 21, Product Description This product uses the high quality Star Anise as raw material, processed through selecting, removing...
Surprise! Surprise! The puppy that has sulked in its crate has magically produced a litter of furry puppies overnight. The puppy is no longer a puppy after all! At what age does a puppy go into heat? Breeds of dog vary not only in appearance, in...
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PEDIGREE® offers a variety of puppy and dog facts, along with puppy and dog care tips & information. See if your doing these for your puppy or dog.
PEDIGREE® offers a variety of puppy and dog facts, along with puppy and dog care tips & information. See if your doing these for your puppy or dog.
... ? Signs of puppy teething when at around six or seven months, puppies will begin losing their baby teeth.
This poor puppy was found covered in a sticky black resin, and no ones sure how it happened. Luckily volunteers from Zoonosis Lanus decided to step in and help, and after an intense five hour bath, the puppy was finally clean again.. ...
Thank you for visiting and your interest in acquiring a Captiva puppy. Please take a few minutes to fill out our easy form to help us determine if a Captiva puppy is right for you ...
Teach your puppy to sit, stay and walk on a loose leash. Puppies get to socialize with others and youll learn how to manage play biting and potty training.
What could be cuter than a tiny puppy, you ask? How about a tiny puppy practicing his tiny howl? In this viral clip, an 8-week-old beagle pup named Co...

Amprolium - Drugs.comAmprolium - Drugs.com

A list of US medications equivalent to Amprolium is available on the Drugs.com website. ... Amprolium is a medicine available in a number of countries worldwide. ... Flavomycin / Amprolium (Amprolium and Bambermycin (veterinary use)). Huvepharma, United States. *Keystat (Amprolium and ... Amprol Plus (Amprolium and Ethopabate (veterinary use)). Huvepharma, United States. *Amprolium 9.6% (veterinary use). ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/international/amprolium.html

Amprolium - WikipediaAmprolium - Wikipedia

Amprolium is the organic compound sold as a coccidiostat used in poultry. It has many (International Nonproprietary Names. The ... Displacement of the halogen by α-picoline gives amprolium. Shinkichi Shimizu, Nanao Watanabe, Toshiaki Kataoka, Takayuki Shoji ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amprolium

Amprolium 9.6% Oral SolutionAmprolium 9.6% Oral Solution

Contains 96 mg amprolium per ml. As a drench: Treatment - Add 3 oz to 1 pt of wate ... Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution, by Teva Animal Health, is indicated as an aid in the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis in ... Mix Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution daily with fresh drinking water.. 5-DAY TREATMENT: Add Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution to ... USE DIRECTIONS: There are 96 mg of amprolium in every 1 mL of Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution. ...
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  • Honestly, I wouldn't even worry about getting non-medicated chicken feed if you already use medicated, as long as the medication in the food is AMPROLIUM. (backyardchickens.com)