A veterinary coccidiostat that interferes with THIAMINE metabolism.
Agents useful in the treatment or prevention of COCCIDIOSIS in man or animals.
A thiamine antagonist due to its inhibition of thiamine pyrophosphorylation. It is used to produce thiamine deficiency.
Drugs and their metabolites which are found in the edible tissues and milk of animals after their medication with specific drugs. This term can also apply to drugs found in adipose tissue of humans after drug treatment.
Food products manufactured from poultry.
3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.
Thiamine antagonist, antimetabolite.
Softening or loss of brain tissue following CEREBRAL INFARCTION; cerebral ischemia (see BRAIN ISCHEMIA), infection, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, or other injury. The term is often used during gross pathologic inspection to describe blurred cortical margins and decreased consistency of brain tissue following infarction. Multicystic encephalomalacia refers to the formation of multiple cystic cavities of various sizes in the cerebral cortex of neonates and infants following injury, most notably perinatal hypoxia-ischemic events. (From Davis et al., Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p665; J Neuropathol Exp Neurol, 1995 Mar;54(2):268-75)
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
Concept referring to the standardized fees for services rendered by health care providers, e.g., laboratories and physicians, and reimbursement for those services under Medicare Part B. It includes acceptance by the physician.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
Therapeutic approach tailoring therapy for genetically defined subgroups of patients.
Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.
Drugs used by veterinarians in the treatment of animal diseases. The veterinarian's pharmacological armamentarium is the counterpart of drugs treating human diseases, with dosage and administration adjusted to the size, weight, disease, and idiosyncrasies of the species. In the United States most drugs are subject to federal regulations with special reference to the safety of drugs and residues in edible animal products.
Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of veterinary medicine.
The field of veterinary medicine concerned with the causes of and changes produced in the body by disease.
Anti-inflammatory analgesic.
Artificial device such as an externally-worn camera attached to a stimulator on the RETINA, OPTIC NERVE, or VISUAL CORTEX, intended to restore or amplify vision.
A clinical syndrome with intermittent abdominal pain characterized by sudden onset and cessation that is commonly seen in infants. It is usually associated with obstruction of the INTESTINES; of the CYSTIC DUCT; or of the URINARY TRACT.
Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.
1-Deoxy-1-(methylamino)-D-glucitol. A derivative of sorbitol in which the hydroxyl group in position 1 is replaced by a methylamino group. Often used in conjunction with iodinated organic compounds as contrast medium.
Pain originating from internal organs (VISCERA) associated with autonomic phenomena (PALLOR; SWEATING; NAUSEA; and VOMITING). It often becomes a REFERRED PAIN.
An application that must be submitted to a regulatory agency (the FDA in the United States) before a drug can be studied in humans. This application includes results of previous experiments; how, where, and by whom the new studies will be conducted; the chemical structure of the compound; how it is thought to work in the body; any toxic effects found in animal studies; and how the compound is manufactured. (From the "New Medicines in Development" Series produced by the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association and published irregularly.)
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
Production of drugs or biologicals which are unlikely to be manufactured by private industry unless special incentives are provided by others.
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.
Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.
Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of dihydropteroate from p-aminobenzoic acid and dihydropteridine-hydroxymethyl-pyrophosphate. EC 2.5.1.15.
A sulfanilamide that is used as an anti-infective agent.
A genus of ascomycetous FUNGI, family Pneumocystidaceae, order Pneumocystidales. It includes various host-specific species causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in humans and other MAMMALS.
Compounds based on 4-aminobenzenesulfonamide. The '-anil-' part of the name refers to aniline.
Long acting sulfonamide antibacterial agent.
A bacteriostatic antibacterial agent that interferes with folic acid synthesis in susceptible bacteria. Its broad spectrum of activity has been limited by the development of resistance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p208)

Mechanism of thiamine uptake by human jejunal brush-border membrane vesicles. (1/13)

Thiamine, a water-soluble vitamin, is essential for normal cellular functions, growth and development. Thiamine deficiency leads to significant clinical problems and occurs under a variety of conditions. To date, however, little is known about the mechanism of thiamine absorption in the native human small intestine. The objective of this study was, therefore, to characterize the mechanism of thiamine transport across the brush-border membrane (BBM) of human small intestine. With the use of purified BBM vesicles (BBMV) isolated from the jejunum of organ donors, thiamine uptake was found to be 1) independent of Na(+) but markedly stimulated by an outwardly directed H(+) gradient (pH 5.5(in)/pH 7.5(out)); 2) competitively inhibited by the cation transport inhibitor amiloride (inhibitor constant of 0.12 mM); 3) sensitive to temperature and osmolarity of the incubation medium; 4) significantly inhibited by thiamine structural analogs (amprolium, oxythiamine, and pyrithiamine), but not by unrelated organic cations (tetraethylammonium, N-methylnicotinamide, or choline); 5) not affected by the addition of ATP to the inside and outside of the BBMV; 6) potential insensitive; and 7) saturable as a function of thiamine concentration with an apparent Michaelis-Menten constant of 0.61 +/- 0.08 microM and a maximal velocity of 1.00 +/- 0.47 pmol. mg protein(-1). 10 s(-1). Carrier-mediated thiamine uptake was also found in BBMV of human ileum. These data demonstrate the existence of a Na(+)-independent, pH-dependent, amiloride-sensitive, electroneutral carrier-mediated mechanism for thiamine absorption in native human small intestinal BBMV.  (+info)

Simplified high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of residual amprolium in edible chicken tissues. (2/13)

A simplified determining method for the routine monitoring of residual amprolium in edible chicken tissues (muscle and liver) is developed using a high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with a photodiode-array detector after sample cleanup by an Ultrafree-MC/PL centrifugal ultrafiltration unit. For the HPLC determination and identification, a Mightysil RP4 GP column and a mobile phase of an ethanol-5 mM 1-heptanesulfonic acid sodium salt solution (35:65, v/v) using an ion-pairing system with a photodiode-array detector are used. Average recoveries (spiked at 0.3-3.0 microg/g) are > 90%. The inter- and intravariabilities are 1.9-2.4%. The limits of quantitation are 0.22 microg/g for muscle and 0.25 microg/g for liver. The total time and solvent required for the analysis of one sample are < 20 min and < 2 mL of ethanol, respectively. No toxic solvents and regents are used.  (+info)

Simplified high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of residual amprolium in edible chicken tissues. (3/13)

A simplified determining method for the routine monitoring of residual amprolium in edible chicken tissues (muscle and liver) is developed using a high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with a photodiode-array detector after sample cleanup by an Ultrafree-MC/PL centrifugal ultrafiltration unit. For the HPLC determination and identification, a Mightysil RP-4 GP column and a mobile phase of an ethanol-5 mM 1-heptanesulfonic acid sodium salt solution (35:65, v/v) using an ion-pairing system with a photodiode-array detector are used. Average recoveries (spiked at 0.3-3.0 microg/g) are > 90%. The inter- and intravariabilities are 1.9-2.4%. The limits of quantitation are 0.22 microg/g for muscle and 0.25 microg/g for liver. The total time and solvent required for the analysis of one sample are < 20 min and < 2 mL of ethanol, respectively. No toxic solvents and regents are used.  (+info)

Efficacy of selected oral chemotherapeutants against Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ciliophora: Ophyroglenidae) infecting rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. (4/13)

The chemotherapeutic efficacy of 6 in-feed compounds against Ichthyophthirius multifiliis Fouquet, 1876 was assessed using experimental infections of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum) fingerlings. Trial doses of 104 ppm amprolium hydrochloride or 65 ppm clopidol fed to fish for 10 d prior to infection significantly reduced the number of trophonts establishing in trout fingerlings by 62.0 and 35.2% respectively. In-feed treatments of infected trout with either 63 or 75 ppm amprolium hydrochloride, 92 ppm clopidol, or 38, 43 or 47 ppm salinomycin sodium for 10 d also significantly reduced the number of surviving trophonts by 77.6 and 32.2% for amprolium, 20.1% for clopidol and 80.2, 71.9 and 93.3% respectively for salinomycin sodium.  (+info)

Efficacy and toxicity of orally administrated anti-coccidial drugs for innovative treatments of Myxobolus sp. infection in Puntazzo puntazzo. (5/13)

This study tested drugs and therapeutic compounds to determine effective commercial treatment for fishes infected with myxosporeans. Two series of shore-based experiments and 1 field trial were performed. For the shore-based experiments we used Puntazzo puntazzo (ca. 20 g weight) with kidneys infected with Myxobolus sp. Initially, 6 different doses of Fumagillin, 2 doses of Toltrazuril, and 1 dose of Amprolium, ESB3 and Salinomycin were tested. In the second shore-based experiment, infected fish were treated with Origanum essential oils, Toltrazuril with propylene glycol, Amprolium, and a combination of Salinomycin 12% + Amprolium (SA). In the field trial, P. puntazzo (ca. 165 g) infected with the parasite were treated with SA, Origanum essential oils and Fumagillin. In all trials, the drugs were added to the feed and administered according to the selected regimen. Their efficacy was evaluated in terms of mortality (acceptable level was <3%), pathology and prevalence rate of Myxobolus sp. Lesions were observed only in fish treated with Fumagillin and Toltrazuril. Pathology due to treatment with Fumagillin was observed only at doses > 6 mg kg(-1) body wt for 6 wk in the interstitial renal tissue, where slight inflammation arose. The highest dose tested (25 mg kg(-1)) also produced necrosis in the interstitial tissue, degeneration of the epithelial cells of the tubules and a reduction in melanomacrophage centre numbers. The SA combination proved the most effective treatment for Myxobolus sp. infection of P. puntazzo as (1) the therapeutic regimen and commercial product was not toxic and (2) a significant reduction occurred in the prevalence rate.  (+info)

A degenerative encephalomyelopathy in 7 Kuvasz puppies. (6/13)

Seven Kuvasz puppies from 2 same-parentage litters developed weakness and ataxia. Six necropsied dogs had lesions in caudate nucleus, cerebellar nuclei and folia, and spinal cord. Lesions seen were felt to be familial or due to the effects of an amprolium-induced thiamine deficiency on the developing brains of these puppies.  (+info)

Evaluation of a Bacillus stearothermophilus tube test as a screening tool for anticoccidial residues in poultry. (7/13)

A Bacillus stearothermophilus var. calidolactis C953 tube test was evaluated for its ability in detecting the residue of selected anticoccidial drugs in poultry, specially sulfamethazine, furazolidone, and amprolium. Various concentrations of each drug were injected into chicken liver and kidney tissues and these tissues were tested to determine the drug detection limits for each drug. The detection limit was defined as the drug concentration at which 95 % of the test results were interpreted as positive. The limits of detection in liver tissue were 0.35 microgram/ml for furazolidone, 0.70 microgram/ml for sulfamethazine and 7.80 microgram/ml for amprolium. In kidney tissues, they were 0.30 microgram/ml for furazolidone, 0.54 microgram/ml for sulfamethazine, and 7.6 microgram/ml for amprolium. It was concluded that this tube test could be used to screen for the residue of these three drugs in poultry.  (+info)

Thiamine deficiency induces endoplasmic reticulum stress in neurons. (8/13)

Thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency (TD) causes region selective neuronal loss in the brain; it has been used to model neurodegeneration that accompanies mild impairment of oxidative metabolism. The mechanisms for TD-induced neurodegeneration remain incompletely elucidated. Inhibition of protein glycosylation, perturbation of calcium homeostasis and reduction of disulfide bonds provoke the accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and cause ER stress. Recently, ER stress has been implicated in a number of neurodegenerative models. We demonstrated here that TD up-regulated several markers of ER stress, such as glucose-regulated protein (GRP) 78, growth arrest and DNA-damage inducible protein or C/EBP-homologus protein (GADD153/Chop), phosphorylation of eIF2alpha and cleavage of caspase-12 in the cerebellum and the thalamus of mice. Furthermore, ultrastructural analysis by electron microscopic study revealed an abnormality in ER structure. To establish an in vitro model of TD in neurons, we treated cultured cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) with amprolium, a potent inhibitor of thiamine transport. Exposure to amprolium caused apoptosis and the generation of reactive oxygen species in CGNs. Similar to the observation in vivo, TD up-regulated markers for ER stress. Treatment of a selective inhibitor of caspase-12 significantly alleviated amprolium-induced death of CGNs. Thus, ER stress may play a role in TD-induced brain damage.  (+info)

1. The Na+ and Cl− transport systems of human erythrocytes have been compared for their sensitivities to diuretics known to act in the ascending limb of Henles loop. In addition, chemical analogues of loop compounds and also diuretics which act in other areas of the nephron have been examined.. 2. The Na+ transport system lacks specificity with respect to inhibition by loop diuretics and also a related chemical analogue studied at equivalent concentrations.. 3. The Cl− transport system is inhibited, at low concentrations, by diuretics known to act in the ascending limb of Henles loop.. 4. Erythrocyte Cl− transport offers a useful model with which to study the biochemical action of diuretics.. ...
Amy Cameron, Lisa Logie, Kashyap Patel, Sandra Bacon, Calum Forteath, Jean Harthill, Adam Roberts, Calum Sutherland, Derek Stewart, Benoit Viollet, Kei Sakamoto, Gordon McDougall, Marc Foretz, Graham Rena ...
Bulk Pharmaceuticals Acyclovir CAS 59277-89-3 Albendazole CAS 54965-21-8 Allopurinol CAS 315-30-0 Alpha Methyldopa CAS 555-30-6 Amodiaquine CAS 86-42-0 Amprolium HCL CAS 121-25-5 Analgin CAS
For the last 9 years or so, ever since my first visits to gyms and sports halls, i couldnt help but notice that 70 percent of muscular guys who were in these gyms were either bald, balding, or very receding. This spiked my interest at an early age to find out what preventions there were , and what could be done to help cause regrowth of lost hair.. Enter the famous DHT blockers, with an astounding array of nasty sides, I know there has to be something better!!. Well through my studies i came across a few surprising alternitive therapies.. The main reason why lots of people get receeding hair lines, thinning hair and baldness is actualy caused by a lack of blood flow to the scalp..add that to the reduced size of the follicles caused by the conversion of DHT and then it binding to the skin and you have a recipe for hair loss.. So what can be done?. Well firstly i looked at vasolidators not prostaglandins, i wanted to look at products that contained the NO chemical analog.. Nitric oxide.reason ...
臺大位居世界頂尖大學之列,為永久珍藏及向國際展現本校豐碩的研究成果及學術能量,圖書館整合機構典藏(NTUR)與學術庫(AH)不同功能平台,成為臺大學術典藏NTU scholars。期能整合研究能量、促進交流合作、保存學術產出、推廣研究成果。. To permanently archive and promote researcher profiles and scholarly works, Library integrates the services of NTU Repository with Academic Hub to form NTU Scholars.. ...
Tube test for Total hardness. Precise rapid tests for water and waste water samples. Time-saving, reliable analysis with NANOCOLOR photometers.
TRAF3, a negative regulator of noncanonical NF-κB signaling, maintains epithelial cell quiescence at confluence, and its loss triggers upregulation of immunity genes and prevents entry into G0 at high cell density.
Ultra-sensitive coupled-column liquid chromatographic determination of retinoids by direct injection of large plasma volumes and ultraviolet detectionWYSS, R; BUCHELI, F.Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis. 1990, Vol 8, Num 8-12, pp 1033-1037, issn 0731-7085, 5 p.Conference Paper ...
Djur Amprolium Pulver är en koccidiostatikum (antiprotozoiska) som används för behandling och förebyggande av koccidios hos kalvar, får, getter, kycklingar (broilers och avelsdjur) och annan fågel, såsom kalkoner, Med aktivitet mot Eimeria spp., Särskilt Eimeria tenella och Eimeria necatrix. Amprolium HCl Pulver är en ...
Amprolium is the active ingredient to aid in the treatment and prevention of bovine coccidiosis in calves caused by Eimeria bovis and E. zunii. Recommended to be administrated in the drinking water or as a drench.
Block of neurotransmitter receptors at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) has been shown to trigger upregulation of the number of synaptic vesicles released (quantal content, QC), a response termed homeostatic synaptic plasticity. The mechanism underlying this plasticity is not known. Here, we used selective toxins to demonstrate that block of α1-containing nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) at the NMJ of male and female mice triggers the upregulation of QC. Reduction of current flow through nAChRs, induced by drugs with antagonist activity, demonstrated that reduction in synaptic current per se does not trigger upregulation of QC. These data led to the remarkable conclusion that disruption of synaptic transmission is not sensed to trigger upregulation of QC. During studies of the effect of partial block of nAChRs on QC, we observed a small but reproducible increase in the decay kinetics of miniature synaptic currents. The change in kinetics was correlated with the increase in QC and raises the
Kukas WorldInformación sobre Razas de Perros.Tienda de Moda Canina de Diseño. Complementos y accesorios exclusivos para Mascotas.
Tube test for Starch. Precise rapid tests for water and waste water samples. Time-saving, reliable analysis with NANOCOLOR photometers.
3 - slide of candida & mention3 tests for identification on the medium (el bay5 eno 2al 3 w homa 3 y3ny efteker ... ana katabt germ tube test w mish 3ayza abos fel ketab 3l taneen elmohem eno fel TBL ...
by K.J. Theodore of www.shagbarkbantams.com. Amprolium shortage? Why are you worried?. Im not. Thats because I practice prevention. And if theres anything to practice prevention for, its COCCIDIOSIS. Since Coccidiosis is one of the most flock-devastating protozoan parasitic diseases, Cocci management should forever be at the forefront of any good health and nutrition program.. If youve ever survived a round of Cocci in your own flock, you know what I mean about devastating. If youre new to the Fancy with a cute little backyard flock, your days are numbered for heartbreak.. It will come from nowhere in the form of a once healthy nice little bird suddenly looking as though theyve ruffled their feathers. They may already be sulking in a corner. Then comes the bloody diarrhea or the oozing of clear fluid from the mouth when you pick them up. By this time, its too late - most of the damage is already done, and its only taken about 96 hours to get there. Cocci outbreaks are particularly ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Liquid chromatographic determination including simultaneous on-cartridge separation of ranitidine cisapride drug combinations from paediatric plasma samples using an automated solid-phase extraction procedure. AU - Hare, L.G.. AU - Mitchel, D.S.. AU - Millership, Jeffrey. AU - Collier, Paul. AU - McElnay, James. AU - Shields, Michael. AU - Carson, Dennis. AU - Fair, R.. PY - 2004/7/5. Y1 - 2004/7/5. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2542481648&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. VL - 806. SP - 263. EP - 269. JO - Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences. JF - Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences. SN - 1570-0232. IS - 2. ER - ...
Arsenic is a non-essential element that poses risks in many environments, including soil, groundwater, and surface water. Insights into the environmental biogeochemistry of As can be gained by comparing As and P reaction processes. Arsenic and P are chemical analogues, and it is proposed that they have similar chemical behaviors in environmental systems. However some chemical properties of As and P are distinct, such as redox reactions, causing the biogeochemical behavior of the two elements to differ. In the environment, As occurs as either As(V) or As(III) oxyanions (e.g., AsO43− or AsO33−). In contrast, P occurs predominantly as oxidation state five plus; most commonly as the orthophosphate ion (PO43−). In this paper, data from four published case studies are presented with a focus on P and As distribution and speciation in soil. The goal is show how analyzing P chemistry in soils can provide greater insights into As reaction processes in soils. The case studies discussed include: (1) soil
A simple, rapid and specific ion-pair liquid chromatographic method for the routine determination of the marker residue of oxytetracycline in sheep milk, at levels as low as 20 microg/kg, has been developed. Milk samples were acidified and extracted with acetonitrile. The extracts were purified by treatment with ammonium sulphate and concentrated into diluted phosphoric acid. Separation was carried out isocratically on a Nucleosil C(18) column using a mobile phase that contained both positively and negatively charged pairing ions. The in-house validated method gave overall recoveries and overall relative standard deviations better than 86% and 4.6%, respectively. The method was successfully applied to study the depletion of oxytetracycline in sheep milk and to estimate the withdrawal period after intramuscular administration of a commercial oxytetracycline formulation.
Academic Journals Database is a universal index of periodical literature covering basic research from all fields of knowledge, and is particularly strong in medical research, humanities and social sciences. Full-text from most of the articles is available. Academic Journals Database contains complete bibliographic citations, precise indexing, and informative abstracts for papers from a wide range of periodicals.
The diverse collection of microorganisms colonising the healthy gastrointestinal tract of pigs, referred to as the microbiota, plays an essential role not only for the well-being of the animal, but also for animal nutrition and performance and for the quality of animal products. A number of...
The PDB archive contains information about experimentally-determined structures of proteins, nucleic acids, and complex assemblies. As a member of the wwPDB, the RCSB PDB curates and annotates PDB data according to agreed upon standards. The RCSB PDB also provides a variety of tools and resources. Users can perform simple and advanced searches based on annotations relating to sequence, structure and function. These molecules are visualized, downloaded, and analyzed by users who range from students to specialized scientists.
The proper quantification of serotonin and melatonin in different foods is indispensable to evaluate the significance of their dietary intake on blood and plasma levels in humans. This review summarizes the issues regarding the measurements of these compounds from sour cherry and sweet cherry. Sample preparation and analytical methods are discussed, mainly focusing on the liquid chromatographic determination of these compounds, with special respect to their parallel determination in one run.. ...
The high-performance liquid chromatographic method published by Aliu & Odegaard (1983) was found to give poor peak separation when used to determine plasma diminazene concentrations in cattle. Before bioequivalence studies could be carried out, the method had to be modified. Solid-phase extraction with acetonitrile/0,025 M Na-octane sulphonate and 2% acetic acid as eluent, followed by sample concentration, gave recoveries of , 90% for diminazene and the internal standard. A mobile phase of acetonitrile/0,005 M Na-octane sulphonate, 0,1% triethylamine, pH 3,2 with acetic acid on a Nova Pak C 18 column was used for the analysis. Wavelength switching was used to determine the internal standard (imidocarb) and diminazene at their respective wavelengths of maximum absorbance, resulting in a fivefold increase in the limit of detection for diminazene. The modified method attained a detection limit of 2 ng/ml (peak 4x baseline noise) , limit of quantitation of 10 ng/ml (coefficient of variation , 15 %) ...
HOUSHMAND, M. et al. Effects of non-antibiotic feed additives on performance, immunity and intestinal morphology of broilers fed different levels of protein. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.1, pp.22-32. ISSN 2221-4062.. In order to investigate the effects of the dietary supplementation of organic acids, prebiotics and probiotics on broiler chickens, a total of 288 day-old male Cobb chicks were allocated in a completely randomized design according to a 2 x 4 factorial, consisting of two levels of crude protein (recommended or low (85% of recommended)) and a four feed-additive programme. The basal diet without any feed additive served as control and one of the following additives, organic acids, a prebiotic and a probiotic, were added to the basal diet to form the other treatments. Starter and finisher diets were offered from 1 to 21 d and 22 to 42 d of age, respectively. The birds were reared in an open-sided house system under natural tropical conditions with the same housing and ...
TY - ABST. T1 - The effect of avoparcin used as a feed additive on the occurrence of vancoycin resistant Enterococcus faecium in pig and poultry production. AU - Wegener, Henrik Caspar. PY - 1996. Y1 - 1996. M3 - Conference abstract for conference. T2 - The Toxicology Forum 1996: Annual European Meeting. Y2 - 25 March 1996 through 28 March 1996. ER - ...
The present invention relates to an algal adduct of the citrullinylarginine natural dipeptide as well as to its dermatological use and the use of chemical analogs issued from the same dipeptide displaying no toxic potential, as skin and phanera care and treatment agents, the said analogs having the following general formula (I): in which: R 1 represents an acyl or acycloxy radical, R 2 represents a hydroxyl, amine, alkylamine or alcoxy radical, R 3 represents a hydrogen atom or a hydroxyl radical.
N,α-Diethylphenylethylamine (N,α-DEPEA, 2-ethylamino-1-phenylbutane, EAPB) is a close chemical analog of methamphetamine which has been sold as a designer drug.[1][2][3] It was originally patented by Knoll Pharma as one of several analogs for pharmaceutical applications. In animals models these analogs showed properties of cognitive enhancement and increased pain tolerance.[4] Nevertheless, this class of compounds was never developed into a medicine. N,α-DEPEA has not been studied in humans, but experts such as Pieter Cohen of Harvard Medical School expect it to be less potent than methamphetamine, but greater than ephedrine.[5] ...
Fragile X syndrome is the most common monogenetic form of intellectual disability and autism. Although the Fmr1 knockout mouse model recapitulates many aspects of the human FXS condition, the establishment of robust social behavioural phenotypes suitable for drug screening has been difficult. Here, we describe a novel social behavioural paradigm, the Automated Tube Test (ATT), for which Fmr1 knockout mice demonstrate a highly reliable and robust phenotype. Fmr1 KO mice show highly dominant behaviour over wild-type littermates in the ATT. Consistent with previous findings, we observed a highly significant, albeit partial, rescue of the altered social behaviour of Fmr1 knockout mice in the ATT, using genetic (mGluR5 deletion) or pharmacological inhibition (mGluR5 antagonist) of mGluR5 signalling independently. Together, our results validate the Automated Tube Test as a robust outcome measure for social behaviour in preclinical research for FXS, and confirm the pathophysiological relevance of ...
Here, we provided evidence that RP105/MD-1 plays a major role in regulating adipose tissue inflammation and metabolic disorders. Many detrimental consequences of an HFD were ameliorated by targeting genes encoding for RP105 or MD-1. TLR4 KO mice showed reduced HFD-induced adipose tissue inflammation (Fig. 6), but our results clearly revealed more requirements of RP105/MD-1 than TLR4/MD-2 in the induction of adipose tissue inflammation and obesity. The higher levels of cell surface and transcript expression of RP105/MD-1 in eWAT might simply reflect the requirements of RP105/MD-1 (Figs. 1-3). As is demonstrated, however, RP105/MD-1 plays unique, TLR4-independent roles in adipose tissue inflammation, and a ligand and signaling pathway of RP105/MD-1 must be different from those of TLR4/MD-2 (Fig. 8A and Supplementary Fig. 9). A dietary or endogenous ligand other than palmitic and stearic acids might trigger upregulation of RP105 on macrophages that, in turn, accumulate in adipose tissue. The ...
Albinism, ocular 345 Albinotic sensorineural deafness 438 Alexander disease 335 Allodynia 190 Alpha fucosidosis 427 Alpha glucosidosis 427 Alpha iduronidase 427 Alpha mannosidase 427 Alpha melanotropism 484 Alsatian-idiopathic epilepsy 458 Alternative anticonvulsant drugs 466 American Bulldog-Ceroid lipofuscinosis 385, 428 American Miniature Horse-Narcolepsy 470 American StaffordshireTerrier-Cerebellar cortical abiotrophy 367 Amikacin 329 Aminocaproic acid 262 Aminoglycoside antibiotics 329, 439 Amprolium toxicity 421 Ampulla 320 Amygdala 195, 448, 484 Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) 102 Analgesia 234, 236 Anatomic diagnosis 487 Anencephaly 39 Angus-Cerebellar cortical abiotrophy 375 Mannosidosis 427 Anhydrosis 175 Anisocoria 169, 360 Anorexia 484 Anosmia 445 Anticonvulsant drugs 466 Antidiuretic hormone 483 Aortic thromboembolism 155 Aperture-lateral 24, 30, 56 Aplasia-Cerebral (telencephalon) 39 Spinal cord-Segmental 50 Apoptosis 27 Appetite control 484 Aqueduct-Mesencephalic 23, 32 ...
Albinism, ocular 345 Albinotic sensorineural deafness 438 Alexander disease 335 Allodynia 190 Alpha fucosidosis 427 Alpha glucosidosis 427 Alpha iduronidase 427 Alpha mannosidase 427 Alpha melanotropism 484 Alsatian-idiopathic epilepsy 458 Alternative anticonvulsant drugs 466 American Bulldog-Ceroid lipofuscinosis 385, 428 American Miniature Horse-Narcolepsy 470 American StaffordshireTerrier-Cerebellar cortical abiotrophy 367 Amikacin 329 Aminocaproic acid 262 Aminoglycoside antibiotics 329, 439 Amprolium toxicity 421 Ampulla 320 Amygdala 195, 448, 484 Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) 102 Analgesia 234, 236 Anatomic diagnosis 487 Anencephaly 39 Angus-Cerebellar cortical abiotrophy 375 Mannosidosis 427 Anhydrosis 175 Anisocoria 169, 360 Anorexia 484 Anosmia 445 Anticonvulsant drugs 466 Antidiuretic hormone 483 Aortic thromboembolism 155 Aperture-lateral 24, 30, 56 Aplasia-Cerebral (telencephalon) 39 Spinal cord-Segmental 50 Apoptosis 27 Appetite control 484 Aqueduct-Mesencephalic 23, 32 ...
Cellular innate immune sensors detect foreign signals emanating from pathogens. Nallagatla et al. report that the pivotal sensing protein, double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase (PKR), is finely tuned to recognize the 5′-triphosphate structures of single-stranded RNA molecules present in many bacteria and viruses. This recognition strategy is similar to the recently described detection of nucleic acid 5′-end signatures by another sensing protein, RIG-I. It remains unclear exactly how these key sensors go on to tailor the most appropriate cellular responses to intracellular pathogens.. S. R. Nallagatla, J. Hwang, R. Toroney, X. Zheng, C. E. Cameron, P. C. Bevilacqua, 5′-triphosphate-dependent activation of PKR by RNAs with short stem-loops. Science 318, 1455-1458 (2007). [Abstract] [Full Text]. ...
The present study shows that supplementation with the above feed additives could serve as a heat stress abatement strategy in growing KF heifers during extreme conditions in summer months
InIon Chromatography offers advice and support laboratories in method development for ion chromatographic determinations in the application area of inorganic-, organic ions. The area of ion chromatography is broad and covers also polar compounds like carbohydrates, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, amino acids ...
Alternative splicing (AS) is a widespread process facilitating the generation of regulatory and proteomic complexity. However, the function of the vast majority of AS events detected to date is unknown, and landscapes of regulated AS remain to be identified. To contribute to address these challenges, we present VAST-DB, a massive resource of genome-wide quantitative profiles generated using vast-tools (https://github.com/vastgroup/vast-tools) for all main classes of AS events of a wide range of human, mouse and chicken tissues, cell types and developmental stages. The resulting atlas of AS events reveals extensive new intergenic and intragenic regulatory and functional relationships involving different classes of AS events, as well as previously unknown conserved landscapes of tissue-regulated exons. We also report and validate hundreds of AS events that are alternatively spliced in virtually all profiled tissue and cell types. These AS events are highly enriched in genes that encode ...
Well, I feel like I am eating okay - but I am not losing any weight at all. I am really starting to believe that there is no way to lose weight by eating right - unless it is accompanied with a regular schedule of physical exercise.. This is daunting and really frustrating to me because I never have time to go to the gym and when I get home from work - all I want to do is eat and rest!!! And by eating, I dont mean pig out, I mean eat my dinner because I dont eat much and I am starving. Also, everyday this week I have set my alarm early in hopes that I would wake up and get to the gym between 7 and 8am. But I cant even get myself out of bed till 7:15 let alone be at the gym, etc at that time.. Thursday morning I am really dragging. I just feel low energy and exhausted. I dont know why I feel so worn. Maybe I didnt get enough energy food in my system on Wednesday. Maybe I just need more rest? My boyfriend said it was because I have not worked out in like a month... hmmm... ...
Coccidiosis is caused in chickens by the genus Eimeria spp, and is considered as one of the dominant poultry diseases worldwide. For decades, anticoccidial products have been used for the successful control of this disease. However, long term use of these products has led to the development of resistance. The current study therefore sought to investigate the anticoccidial activity of the methanol leaf extract of Lannea schimperi on experimentally induced Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) infection in broiler chickens in an attempt to provide good alternative therapy due to increasing resistance to the conventional anticoccidial agents. Seven groups (A-G) of 4 birds were used for the experiment and five groups (A-E) were orally inoculated with 1.0 x 103 sporulated oocysts of E. tenella. Groups A, B and C were treated with 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg body weight of L. schimperi methanolic leaf extract respectively and Group D was treated with1.5 mg/ml of amprolium, group E served as negative control. Groups F and G
inproceedings{2127976, abstract = {Yeast-extracts derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be used as feed additive to improve animal health by promoting intestinal flora and by stimulating the immune system (Patterson, 2005). The impact of such feed additives on intestinal absorption of antibiotics has however not been described yet. T-2 toxin is an emerging Fusarium mycotoxin, that can be present as feed contaminant and for which it is known it disturbs the intestinal integrity. It was therefore the aim of the present study to determine the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of orally administered chlortetracycline in pigs after intake of 100 {\textmu}g/kg T-2 toxin contaminated feed whether or not supplemented with a commercially available yeast-extract feed additive. Twenty-four 9-week-old pigs (Landrace) were randomized into a control group (n = 6) and three experimental groups (each n = 6). After an acclimatization period of one week, the groups were given respectively blank feed (control ...
Citation: Khrimian, A., Jang, E.B., Nagata, J.T., Carvalho, L.A. 2006. Consumption and metabolism of 1,2-dimethoxy-4-(3-fluoro-2-propenyl) benzene, a fluorine analog of methyl eugenol, in the oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis (hendel). Journal of Chemical Ecology. 32:1513-1526 Interpretive Summary: The Oriental Fruit Fly is a destructive pest of a broad range of plants and agricultural crops. Males of the fruit fly are strongly attracted to, and feed upon a commonly occuring plant constituent named ME. ME has been successfully used in traps and designed to detect, control and eradicate oriental fruit fly populations worldwide. A potential problem to the continued use of ME in pest management programs are reports indicating that ME byproducts may be toxic to other animals. In an attempt to develop safer alternatives to ME, we synthesized a chemical analog that was attractive to males of the fruit fly and did not appear to produce high levels of unfavorable byproduct. These results are of ...
Macrolide antibiotics like erythromycin and clarithromycin cause epigastric distress. 1 The various mechanisms of prokinetic action of erythromycin were widely studied. 2,3,4,5,6,7,8 Clarithromycin, a very close chemical analogue of erythromycin (Fig, 1 and 2) shares many actions of erythromycin. Oral clarithromycin enhances postprandial gall-bladder emptying in healthy volunteers. 9 Plasma motilin concentrations peak with the periodic contraction of the gall-bladder, which occurs in the interdigestive period, synchronous with phase III of the migrating motor complex. 22,23 Intravenous clarithromycin enhances interdigestive gastro duodenal motility of patients with functional dyspepsia and Helicobacter pylori gastritis. 10 Clarithromycin reduces fasting gall bladder volumes and enhances both fasting and postprandial gall bladder contractions in normal humans and also in those with gall stone disease. 11 Standard methods for measurement of orocecal transit time are inconvenient or difficult to ...
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ID DNJC3_HUMAN Reviewed; 504 AA. AC Q13217; Q86WT9; Q8N4N2; DT 16-AUG-2005, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot. DT 01-NOV-1996, sequence version 1. DT 27-SEP-2017, entry version 163. DE RecName: Full=DnaJ homolog subfamily C member 3; DE AltName: Full=Endoplasmic reticulum DNA J domain-containing protein 6; DE Short=ER-resident protein ERdj6; DE Short=ERdj6; DE AltName: Full=Interferon-induced, double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase inhibitor; DE AltName: Full=Protein kinase inhibitor of 58 kDa; DE Short=Protein kinase inhibitor p58; DE Flags: Precursor; GN Name=DNAJC3; Synonyms=P58IPK, PRKRI; OS Homo sapiens (Human). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; OC Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo. OX NCBI_TaxID=9606; RN [1] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], AND TISSUE SPECIFICITY. RX PubMed=8666242; DOI=10.1016/0378-1119(95)00883-7; RA Korth M.J., Lyons C.N., Wambach M., Katze M.G.; RT Cloning, expression, ...
An alternative for the 83 tube in the Hickok testers is to build a solid state replacement using two standard diodes 1-3A/600-1000V followed by two 5.6V 5W zener diodes (back to back with each diode) and two 10 ohm 2 watt resistors see diagram. This gives 150V (+/-0.5) on the plate when taken with a 1000 ohms per volt meter. Without the Zeners I was seeing 156-157V on the plate, doesnt have a significant effect on GM but does effect plate current. There are slight variations on voltage drop between different standard diodes, usually the higher the voltage/current, the higher the Vf voltage drop. I use 3 amp versions. Since the Hickok testers need to be balanced for plate to plate of the rectifier (or diode to diode) differences, try to match the diodes/zeners within 5% of the Vf. This arrangement provided similar operating voltages/tube test results to the 83 tube at various operating points that I tested. An alternate in all other applications is to use two HV rectifiers such as HV05-08 diodes ...
Blood Grouping Regents, BL 101728-34;103292 Reagent is used for testing human red blood cells by the room temperature saline tube test
Along the Pacific coast of North America, the marine fish, Porichthys notatus, is distributed as a northern nonluminescent population and a southern luminescent one. Bioluminescence capability is inducible in nonluminescent P. notatus by a single oral or intraperitoneal administration of a small amount of luciferin, a compound used by the marine ostracod crustacean, Vargula, as substrate for light emission. Once induced, the fish is capable of luminescing for more than 2 years. The results of the present study show that: (1) P. notatus photophores incorporate 14C-labelled Vargula luciferin: (2) the specific activity of the incorporated label is undiluted when recovered from the photophores 7 weeks later; (3) two chemical analogues of Vargula luciferin do not induce bioluminescence capability in the fish; (4) luciferinol, another close analogue of Vargula luciferin, induces a very weak bioluminescent capability in the fish; and (5) two key intermediates in the degradation of Vargula luciferin, ...
This study identifies PKR as an essential mediator for several forms of stress-induced apoptosis. Specifically, our results implicate PKR in a signaling pathway that is responsive not only to dsRNA, but also to TNF-α and LPS. While the activation of PKR by dsRNA has been well studied (8), the mechanism of activation by these other stimuli is presently unclear. One possibility could involve the phosphorylation of PKR by an upstream kinase that is activated by one of the above stimuli [for example, the TNF-receptor-associated kinase, RIP (27), or a TNF-α/LPS-activated MAP kinase (4)]. Regardless of the activation mechanisms involved, our data show that PKR is required for regulating the DNA-binding ability of IRF-1 in response to stress-related stimuli. Previous studies have suggested that expression of IRF-1 protein in cells is insufficient to manifest any functional activity unless a phosphorylation signal is provided, potentially by PKR (28). While the mechanistic details of the interaction ...
Researchers evaluated the effects of feeding Outpace® Swine Feed Additive on the performance of nursery pigs raised with or without antibiotics. Click to read the results.
The latest issue of the Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics compares immunosuppressants with biologics for reducing hospitalization and surgery in Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis ...
PubMed journal article: Effect of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) extracts as a feed additive on growth and hematological parameters of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
This present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary inclusion of 4, 8 and 12 g kg-1 phytogenic feed additives mixture on performance, egg quality, ovary parameters, serum biochemical parameters and yolk trimethylamine level in laying hens. The results of experiment have shown that egg weight was increased by supplementation of 12 g kg-1 feed additive whereas egg production, feed intake and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were not significantly affected. There were no significant differences in egg quality parameters by supplementation of phytogenic feed additive, whereas yolk trimethylamine level was decreased as the feed additive level increased. The sensory evaluation parameters did not differ significantly. No significant differences were found in serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels between the treatments but low- and high-density lipoprotein were significantly increased. Number of small follicles and ovary weight were significantly increased by supplementation of 12 g kg-1 feed
There are many types of feed additives on the market today that perform a variety of specific functions. Certain additives promote optimal growth and others improve palatability. Phytase is a feed additive that breaks down phytates to promote the release of inorganic phosphorus bound in plant-based feed ingredients. Phytate is classified as an indigestible acid…
The Slovak Cuvac is a Slovak breed of dog, bred for use as a livestock guard dog. This mountain dog-also known as Slovensky Cuvac, Slovak Chuvach, Tatransky Cuvac and Slovensky Kuvac-is closely related to the Hungarian Kuvasz. The alternate German and English spelling Tchouvatch reflects the pronunciation: chew-votch. The breed is recognised under sponsorship from Slovakia by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale with the name Slovenský čuvač. Despite the multiple renderings in English, these refer to only one breed. The United Kennel Club in the US uses the English version of the name Slovak Cuvac. Slovak sheep farming has a very old tradition. The Slovak Cuvac, together with mountain sheep, the Hucul horse, and typical inhabitants of the mountains, formed the fundamental economic preconditions for the utilization of pastures for cattle. The inhabitants of the Slovak mountains were mostly free people who defended the frontiers and paid duties in sheeps cheese. The institution of these ...
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1140 agribusiness professionals from across the globe provided their views on the use of phytogenic feed additives (PFAs, or botanicals) as part of the 2017 BIOMIN Phytogenic Feed Additives Survey.
1140 agribusiness professionals from across the globe provided their views on the use of phytogenic feed additives (PFAs, or botanicals) as part of the 2017 BIOMIN Phytogenic Feed Additives Survey.
A method is described for the adsorption on charcoal and desorption with carbon-disulfide (75150) for gas chromatographic determination of 2-butanone (78933). Data are given on the principle, range and sensitivity, interference, precision, accuracy, advantages and disadvantages of the method. Also described are the apparatus, reagents and procedure used; analysis of samples; determination of desor
Examples are toltrazuril (Baycox) or amprolium. After multiple infections, surviving chickens become resistant to the coccidia ...
Some of the antibiotics include sulfadimethoxine and amprolium. Coccidia is found in 3% to 38% of dogs in North America. To ...
Amprolium and salinomycin were effective in preventing severe illness and death in experimentally infected calves and lambs. ... Amprolium (100 mg/kg, daily for 30 days), fed prophylactically, reduced illness in cattle inoculated with S. cruzi. ... Prophylactic administration of amprolium or salinomycin also protected experimentally infected sheep. In horses, treatment has ...
... is mainly used as a precursor to the poultry drug amprolium. Butyronitrile is prepared industrially by the ...
Possible treatments include decoquinate, lasalocid, sulfonamides, chlortetracycline, amprolium, monensin, toltrazuril, and ...
McDougald LR (1979). "Efficacy and compatibility of amprolium and carbarsone against Coccidiosis and blackhead in turkeys". ...
"Animal Drugs @ FDA". McDougald LR (1979). "Efficacy and compatibility of amprolium and carbarsone against Coccidiosis and ...
The following drugs can be used for treatment of coccidiosis in cattle: amprolium, sulfaquinoxaline, and sulfamethazine. ...
Sensitizer-induced occupational asthma immunologic form of asthma which occurs due to inhalation of specific substances (i.e., high-molecular-weight proteins from plants and animal origins, or low-molecular-weight agents that include chemicals, metals and wood dusts) and occurs after a latency period of several weeks to years.[1]. Irritant-induced (occupational) asthma is a non-immunologic form of asthma that results from a single or multiple high dose exposure to irritant products. It is usually develops early after exposure; however can also develop insidiously over a few months after a massive exposure to a complex mixture of alkaline dust and combustion products, as shown in the World Trade Center disaster. Unlike those with sensitizer-induced occupational asthma, subjects with irritant-induced occupational asthma do not develop work-related asthma symptoms after re-exposure to low concentrations of the irritant that initiated the symptoms.[2] Reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS) is ...
... is an intermediate used in the production of some pharmaceutical drugs including amprolium, picoplatin, ...
It is available in Pakistan with Sanna Laboratories in combination with Amprolium and Vitamin K as potential treatment of ...
... combinations QP51AX59 Amprolium, combinations Empty group Empty group Empty group Empty group Empty group "The ATCvet ... Phanquinone QP51AX04 Mepacrine QP51AX05 Nifursol QP51AX06 Homidium QP51AX07 Diminazen QP51AX08 Halofuginone QP51AX09 Amprolium ...
... amprolium MeSH D03.383.725.676.925 - vitamin b 6 MeSH D03.383.725.676.925.500 - pyridoxal MeSH D03.383.725.676.925.500.500 - ...
Examples include: Amprolium Arprinocid Artemether Clazuril Clopidol Decoquinate Diclazuril Dinitolmide Ethopabate Halofuginone ...
... amprenavir amprolium (INN) AMPT ampyrimine (INN) ampyzine (INN) amquinate (INN) Amrinone amrinone (INN) amrubicin (INN) ...
... is the organic compound sold as a coccidiostat used in poultry. It has many International Nonproprietary Names. The ... Displacement of the halogen by α-picoline gives amprolium. Shimizu, Shinkichi; Watanabe, Nanao; Kataoka, Toshiaki; Shoji, ...
A list of US medications equivalent to Amprolium is available on the Drugs.com website. ... Amprolium is a medicine available in a number of countries worldwide. ... Flavomycin / Amprolium (Amprolium and Bambermycin (veterinary use)). Huvepharma, United States. *Keystat (Amprolium and ... Amprol Plus (Amprolium and Ethopabate (veterinary use)). Huvepharma, United States. *Amprolium 9.6% (veterinary use). ...
Amprolium is the organic compound sold as a coccidiostat used in poultry. It has many International Nonproprietary Names. The ... Displacement of the halogen by α-picoline gives amprolium. Shimizu, Shinkichi; Watanabe, Nanao; Kataoka, Toshiaki; Shoji, ...
Contains 96 mg amprolium per ml. As a drench: Treatment - Add 3 oz to 1 pt of wate ... Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution, by Teva Animal Health, is indicated as an aid in the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis in ... Mix Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution daily with fresh drinking water.. 5-DAY TREATMENT: Add Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution to ... USE DIRECTIONS: There are 96 mg of amprolium in every 1 mL of Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution. ...
Amprolium is extracted with methanol-water (2 + 1) containing 5mM dioctylsulfosuccinate (DOSS) and 10mM CaCl2. The analyte is ... Amprolium / analysis*. Animal Feed / analysis*. Chromatography, Liquid. Coccidiostats / analysis*. Food Contamination / ... Amprolium is extracted with methanol-water (2 + 1) containing 5mM dioctylsulfosuccinate (DOSS) and 10mM CaCl2. The analyte is ...
Sheep with amprolium-induced PEM in this experiment either died or were euthanatized in two periods after the onset of clinical ... Amprolium is a thiamine analog coccidiostat drug that blocks thiamine uptake in coccidian and has been used also as an ... In order to induce PEM, two sheep - Sheep 1 and 2 - received amprolium4 4 Amprolbase, Saúde Animal Ltda, Av. Emílio Marconato ... Amprolium poisoning of preruminant lambs: an ultrastructural study of the cerebral malacia and the nature of the inflammatory ...
... high quality gearbox of Veterinary Products CAS 137-88-2 Amprolium Hydrochloride Poultry can adjust the speed timely, avoiding ... Veterinary Products CAS 137-88-2 Amprolium Hydrochloride Poultry can improve the nutrition digestion and absorption, ... Veterinary Products CAS 137-88-2 Amprolium Hydrochloride Poultry, dry materials processing, the feed particles with high ... Veterinary Products CAS 137-88-2 Amprolium Hydrochloride Poultry Features:. Veterinary Products CAS 137-88-2 Amprolium ...
Introduction Growth in poultry sector can contribute to enhanced nutrition and poverty reduction in Pakistan, because a large share of the rural poor is dependent on poultry for food and income. Traditional medicines have the potential to improve the growth as well as health status of the birds. Ethno veterinary practices involve the traditional beliefs,. ...
The current study was aimed to understand the comparative efficacy of sulfadimidine, amprolium and triquen in wild pigeons of ... Number of oocysts were 79, 81 and 80 before treatment and 60, 44 and 44 after treatment with sulfadimidine, amprolium and ... Evaluation of sulfadimidine, amprolium and triquen to treat coccidiosis in wild pigeons / Avaliação da sulfadimidina, amprólio ... Three positive groups were treated with sulfadimidine (0.2mg/L), amprolium (25mg/L) and triquen. Sulfadimidine was most ...
... wholesaler and exporter of Amprolium Hydrochloride at reasonable price. ... Chemical Names: Amprolium hydrochloride; 137-88-2; Amprolium HCl; Mepyrium; Amprol; Amprolium Molecular Formula: C14H20Cl2N4. ... Amprolium hydrochloride is a veterinary coccidiostat that interferes with THIAMINE metabolism.. Features:. Product Name: ...
Leading Animal Amprolium Powder 20% Manufacturers & Suppliers, find Animal Amprolium Powder 20% Factory & Exporters. ... Animal Amprolium Powder Chicken,Amprolium Powder Pountry,Animal Amprolium 20% Powder ... All the Amprolium Powder Pountry are quality guaranteed. We are China Origin Factory of Animal Amprolium 20% Powder. If you ... Home > Products > Animal Parasite Drugs > Amprolium HCL Powder > Animal Amprolium Powder 20% ...
Amprolium has a unique mode of action. How CORID worksStructurally, CORID mimics thiamin (Vitamin B1) which is re ... Amprolium has a unique mode of action.. How CORID works. Structurally, CORID mimics thiamin (Vitamin B1) which is required by ...
556.50 Amprolium.. §556.52 Apramycin.. §556.60 Avilamycin.. §556.68 Azaperone.. §556.70 Bacitracin.. §556.75 Bambermycins.. § ...
The current study was aimed to understand the comparative efficacy of sulfadimidine, amprolium and triquen in wild pigeons of ... Number of oocysts were 79, 81 and 80 before treatment and 60, 44 and 44 after treatment with sulfadimidine, amprolium and ... Three positive groups were treated with sulfadimidine (0.2mg/L), amprolium (25mg/L) and triquen. Sulfadimidine was most ... This study showed that sulphadimidine, amprolium and triquen could not significantly reduce the coccidiosis in pigeons. Further ...
amprolium for chickens Manufacturers, Factory, Suppliers From China, Honesty is our principle, skilled procedure is our perform ... amprolium for chickens. amprolium for chickens - China Factory, Suppliers, Manufacturers. We goal to see good quality ... Oral Antibiotics For Goats, Amprolium Water Soluble Powder, Medicinal Oral Liquids, Cefalexin Water Soluble Powder, Water ... within the manufacturing and provide the most effective support to domestic and overseas shoppers wholeheartedly for amprolium ...
Amprolium Hcl Ronidazole Levomisole Tylosin Poultry Bird Medicine US $6-8 / Piece ...
Veterinary Drug Amprolium HCl for Animal FOB Price: $5 - $10 / KG Min. Order: 1000 KG ...
Amprolium, USP A2728 , 121-25-5 , C14H19ClN4 , Spectrum Chemical Amprolium, USP is used as a coccidiostat in poultry. All ...
Contains Amprolium. Contains Amprolium - Added to a broiler feeding program to aid in the prevention of coccidiosis. ... Warning: Use as sole source of Amprolium. Fertility, hatchability and other reproductive data are not available on Amprolium in ... Caution: Do not use Amprolium in feeds containing bentonite.. Store in a cool dry place. This product may spoil if stored under ...
79 FR 18156 - New Animal Drugs; Amprolium; Bambermycins; Ceftiofur; Deslorelin; Florfenicol; Florfenicol and Flunixin; ...
79 FR 18156 - New Animal Drugs; Amprolium; Bambermycins; Ceftiofur; Deslorelin; Florfenicol; Florfenicol and Flunixin; ...
Amprolium hydrochloride. 250 mg. DRE-C10243100. Add to basket Androsterone. 100 mg. DRE-C10255040. Add to basket ...
Amprolium hydrochloride. 250 mg. DRE-C10243100. Add to basket Androsterone. 100 mg. DRE-C10255040. Add to basket ...
558.55 - Amprolium. § 558.58 - Amprolium and ethopabate. § 558.59 - Apramycin. § 558.68 - Avilamycin. § 558.76 - Bacitracin ...
556.50 - Amprolium. § 556.52 - Apramycin. § 556.68 - Avilamycin. § 556.70 - Bacitracin. § 556.100 - Carbadox. § 556.110 - ...
Amprolium Hydrochloride Vitamin A Eethopabate sodium sulfa chlorpromazine powder as pigeon medicine ...
This will provide a dose of approximately 10 mg amprolium/kg (2.2 lb) body weight. Give daily for 5 days. Use on a herd basis ... USE DIRECTIONS: There are 96 mg of amprolium in every 1 mL of AmproMed™ FOR CALVES. ... At the usual rate of water consumption this will provide an intake of approximately 10 mg amprolium/kg (2.2 lb) body weight. ... At usual rates of water consumption, this will provide an intake of approximately 5 mg amprolium/kg (2.2 lb) body weight. Offer ...
Pyrimidine (de); pyrimidines (en); pirimidinoj (eo); pirymidyna (pl); pyrimidin (nn) any heterocyclic compound having a six-membered aromatic ring with two nitrogen heteroatoms at 1 and 3 positions (en); każdy związek heterocykliczny zawierający sześcioczłonowy, aromatyczny pierścień z dwoma heteroatomami azotu w pozycjach 1 i 3 (pl) pyrimidine (en); pyrimidina (nn); pirymidyny (pl ...
Plantain has anticoccidial activity comparable to the drug amprolium in chickens.Aug 19, 2010. ...
Amprolium) For use as an aid in the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis in calves. Can be used as either a drench or in the ... Contains amprolium for use as an aid in the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis in cattle. Can be mixed in the ration or ... AmproMed Amprolium Solution 9.6% is used as an aid in the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis in calves. Can be used in the ... Contains amprolium for the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis in calves. Mix with feed or top-dress. For prevention, feed ...
Cocciprol Amprolium 100g. Active Constituents: 200g/kg Amprolium Vetsense Cocciprol is for the prevention and tr.. ...
  • Amprolium Hydrochloride (PH: BP vet. (drugs.com)
  • Product Description Product Name Veterinary Products CAS 137-88-2 Amprolium Hydrochloride Poultry CAS NO 137-88-2 Molecular Formular. (digit-life.com)
  • It is a professional manufacturer and exporter who Veterinary Products CAS 137-88-2 Amprolium Hydrochloride Poultry upon animal pharmaceuticals. (digit-life.com)
  • Veterinary Products CAS 137-88-2 Amprolium Hydrochloride Poultry Completed a series of bread and hamburger productions such as continuous tableting, dough sheet finishing, sheet rolling, pattern making, quantitative cutting, stuffing, and forming an automatic swing plate. (digit-life.com)
  • Veterinary Products CAS 137-88-2 Amprolium Hydrochloride Poultry] uses a number of advanced technologies to integrate photoelectric sensing, electromagnetic induction, human-machine interface, microcomputer programming, new materials, and bionic technologies, with a high degree of automation. (digit-life.com)
  • Amprolium hydrochloride is a veterinary coccidiostat that interferes with THIAMINE metabolism. (shreejipharmainternational.com)
  • In this study a simple, rapid, accurate, sensitive and specific reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatographic (RP- HPLC) method was developed and subsequently validated for simultaneous estimation of Amprolium hydrochloride (AMP) and Ethopabate (ETH) in their combination syrup. (sciencepublishinggroup.com)
  • Efficacy of the feed additive consisting of amprolium hydrochloride (COXAM®) for use in chickens for fattening and chickens reared for laying (Huvepharma N.V. (europa.eu)
  • Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution, by Teva Animal Health, is indicated as an aid in the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis in calves caused by Eimeria bovis and E. zuernii. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • During periods of exposure or when experience indicates that coccidiosis is likely to be a hazard, add Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution to drinking water at the rate of 8 fl oz/100 gal. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • During periods of exposure or when experience indicates that coccidiosis is likely to be a hazard, add 1 1/2 fl oz of Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution to 1 pt of water and, with a dose syringe, give 1 fl oz of this drench solution for each 100 lb (45 kg) body weight. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • The current study was aimed to understand the comparative efficacy of sulfadimidine , amprolium and triquen in wild pigeons of Dir district, Pakistan suffering from coccidiosis . (bvsalud.org)
  • Sulfadimidine was most effective (45%) followed by amprolium (44.6%) while triquen (24.0%) showed less effectiveness against coccidiosis in pigeons . (bvsalud.org)
  • This study showed that sulphadimidine, amprolium and triquen could not significantly reduce the coccidiosis in pigeons . (bvsalud.org)
  • Poultry Medicine Amprolium Powder For the prevention and treatment of intestinal coccidiosis in poultry. (kexingpharmas.com)
  • Contains Amprolium - Added to a broiler feeding program to aid in the prevention of coccidiosis. (blueseal.com)
  • Amprolium) For use as an aid in the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis in calves. (valleyvet.com)
  • AmproMed Amprolium Solution 9.6% is used as an aid in the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis in calves. (valleyvet.com)
  • AmproMed Amprolium 20% Soluble Powder is used for the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis in calves. (valleyvet.com)
  • In a hot, damp, bad-coccidiosis year, chicks can still get coccidiosis while eating medicated food when the amprolium level is not high enough. (infobarrel.com)
  • Amprolium is the organic compound sold as a coccidiostat used in poultry. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1. Amprolium HCl is a coccidiostat, an antiprotozoal agent that acts upon Coccidia parasites. (digit-life.com)
  • Medicate small amounts of milk powder with a coccidiostat such as amprolium or salinomycin and give small amounts daily to the piglets from three days of age onwards top dressed on the creep feed. (thepigsite.com)
  • § 558.58 - Amprolium and ethopabate. (fda.gov)
  • Mahmoud Mohamed Ali, Mustafa Adballa Algozoly Ahmed, Mahgoub Ibrahim Shinger, Development and Validation of RP-HPLC Method for Simultaneous Determination of Amprolium HCl and Ethopabate in Their Combination Drug, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering . (sciencepublishinggroup.com)
  • Two control sheep did not receive either amprolium or thiamine and were kept along with the other eight sheep for the duration of the experiment. (scielo.br)
  • Four sheep that recovered from lower doses of amprolium-induced PEM after being treated with thiamine and another one that recovered spontaneously were euthanatized six months after clinical recovery and had gross changes consisting of segmental absence of cortical tissue. (scielo.br)
  • 3. Amprolium is a thiamine analog that interferes with thaimine metabolism and prevents carbohydrate synthesis. (digit-life.com)
  • The deficiency was thought to develop because the rumen did not produce enough thiamine or products such as amprolium inhibited thiamine production. (iastate.edu)
  • Previously thought to be harmful to ducks, the latest veterinary science claims that neither Amprolium nor Bacitracin are toxic to ducks. (poultryone.com)
  • Medicate the sow feed with either amprolium premix 1kg/tonne, monensin sodium 100g/tonne or sulphadimidine 100g/tonne. (thepigsite.com)
  • All the Amprolium Powder Pountry are quality guaranteed. (kexingpharmas.com)
  • We are China Origin Factory of Animal Amprolium 20% Powder. (kexingpharmas.com)
  • Each gram of AmproMed 20% Soluble Powder for Calves contains 220 mg amprolium. (valleyvet.com)
  • Effectiveness of amprolium versus lasalocid in the feed. (iastate.edu)
  • Examples of coccidiostats added to the ration include Monensin sodium, Lasalocid, Amprolium, and Salinomycin. (agriculture.com)
  • The plan may include the feeding of ionophores, treatment with sulfa drugs or amprolium, and/or using alternative treatments. (ncat.org)
  • The website provides a recipe for mixing the concentrate, Chick-En-Egg, with corn for use as a starter, grower, developer or layer ration for chickens. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Amprolium is recommended more because Sulfamethazine Sodium can be harsher on the guts of affected birds and extend the period of bleeding. (amazonaws.com)
  • Amprolium (Corid ), decoquinate (Deccox ) are products that have been proven to reduce the effects of these organisms and subsequently improve animal performance. (cattletoday.com)
  • Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution drench solutions may be stored in a clean, closed, labeled container for up to 3 days. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • Add 3 fl oz Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution to 1 pt of water and, with a dose syringe, give 1 fl oz of this drench solution for each 100 lb (45 kg) body weight. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • The preferred way to use Amprolium is to drench the puppy daily - you know the dose is in and they will also drink adequate water. (revivalanimal.com)
  • Este estudo mostrou que sulphadimidine, amprolium e triquen não poderiam reduzir significativamente a coccidiose em pombos . (bvsalud.org)
  • The Corid crumbles are 1.25 percent amprolium whereas the chicken feed version is 2.25 percent amprolium. (cattletoday.com)
  • There are 96 mg of amprolium in every 1 mL of AmproMed™ FOR CALVES. (drugs.com)
  • Active Constituents: 200g/kg Amprolium Vetsense Cocciprol is for the prevention and tr. (pets-megastore.com.au)
  • There are 96 mg of amprolium in every 1 mL of Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • Mix Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution daily with fresh drinking water. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • Add Amprolium 9.6% Oral Solution to drinking water at the rate of 16 fl oz/100 gal. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • Amprolium inhibits intestinal absorption of thiamin and also blocks phosphorylation of the vitamin (McDowell, 2000). (dsm.com)
  • Number of oocysts were 79, 81 and 80 before treatment and 60, 44 and 44 after treatment with sulfadimidine , amprolium and triquen respectively. (bvsalud.org)
  • N. Furusawa, "Simplified high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of residual amprolium in edible chicken tissues," Journal of chromatographic science, vol. 40, pp. 355-358, 2002. (sciencepublishinggroup.com)
  • Instead of using Corid crumbles use a generic chicken feed variety of amprolium crumbles. (cattletoday.com)
  • I recently switched from drenching to using the chicken feed amprolium. (cattletoday.com)
  • This will provide a dose of approximately 10 mg amprolium/kg (2.2 lb) body weight. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • Two sheep receiving high daily doses of amprolium and one sheep receiving a lower dose had acute deaths and developed acute brain lesions consisting of neuronal laminar cortical necrosis (red neurons), edema, reactive astrocytes, swollen endothelial cells and gitter cells infiltration. (scielo.br)
  • I put the feed out and then use a container calculated to get the correct dose of amprolium per 100 pounds of body weight. (cattletoday.com)
  • 20% Amprolium (1 oz=2 tbsp,16 oz=pint). (jedds.com)
  • Ion-pair reverse-phase liquid chromatographic determination of amprolium in complete feeds and premixes. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Corid (Amprolium 9.6% liquid) 1 pt. (poultrysupplies.com)
  • Eight of those sheep received varying doses of amprolium to induce PEM. (scielo.br)
  • At the usual rate of water consumption this will provide an intake of approximately 10 mg amprolium/kg (2.2 lb) body weight. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • Amprolium is extracted with methanol-water (2 + 1) containing 5mM dioctylsulfosuccinate (DOSS) and 10mM CaCl2. (biomedsearch.com)