AMP Deaminase: An enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of AMP to IMP. EC 3.5.4.6.Nucleotide Deaminases: Catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleotides with the elimination of ammonia.Adenosine Deaminase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ADENOSINE to INOSINE with the elimination of AMMONIA.Inosine Monophosphate: Inosine 5'-Monophosphate. A purine nucleotide which has hypoxanthine as the base and one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety.Adenosine Deaminase Inhibitors: Drugs that inhibit ADENOSINE DEAMINASE activity.Cytidine Deaminase: An enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of cytidine, forming uridine. EC 3.5.4.5.Coformycin: A ribonucleoside antibiotic synergist and adenosine deaminase inhibitor isolated from Nocardia interforma and Streptomyces kaniharaensis. It is proposed as an antineoplastic synergist and immunosuppressant.Adenosine Monophosphate: Adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety in the 2'-, 3'-, or 5'-position.Cytosine Deaminase: An enzyme which catalyzes the deamination of CYTOSINE resulting in the formation of URACIL. It can also act on 5-methylcytosine to form THYMIDINE.DCMP Deaminase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic deamination of deoxycytidylic acid to deoxyuridylic acid and ammonia. It plays an important role in the regulation of the pool of deoxynucleotides in higher organisms. The enzyme also acts on some 5-substituted deoxycytidylic acids. EC 3.5.4.12.Nucleoside Deaminases: Catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleosides with the elimination of ammonia.Cyclic AMP: An adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group which is esterified to both the 3'- and 5'-positions of the sugar moiety. It is a second messenger and a key intracellular regulator, functioning as a mediator of activity for a number of hormones, including epinephrine, glucagon, and ACTH.Guanine Deaminase: An enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of guanine to form xanthine. EC 3.5.4.3.Adenine NucleotidesRibonucleosides: Nucleosides in which the purine or pyrimidine base is combined with ribose. (Dorland, 28th ed)Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Adenosine Triphosphate: An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.Phosphates: Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.Inosine: A purine nucleoside that has hypoxanthine linked by the N9 nitrogen to the C1 carbon of ribose. It is an intermediate in the degradation of purines and purine nucleosides to uric acid and in pathways of purine salvage. It also occurs in the anticodon of certain transfer RNA molecules. (Dorland, 28th ed)5'-Nucleotidase: A glycoprotein enzyme present in various organs and in many cells. The enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of a 5'-ribonucleotide to a ribonucleoside and orthophosphate in the presence of water. It is cation-dependent and exists in a membrane-bound and soluble form. EC 3.1.3.5.Adenosine: A nucleoside that is composed of ADENINE and D-RIBOSE. Adenosine or adenosine derivatives play many important biological roles in addition to being components of DNA and RNA. Adenosine itself is a neurotransmitter.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Hydroxymethylbilane Synthase: An enzyme that catalyzes the tetrapolymerization of the monopyrrole PORPHOBILINOGEN into the hydroxymethylbilane preuroporphyrinogen (UROPORPHYRINOGENS) in several discrete steps. It is the third enzyme in the 8-enzyme biosynthetic pathway of HEME. In humans, deficiency in this enzyme encoded by HMBS (or PBGD) gene results in a form of neurological porphyria (PORPHYRIA, ACUTE INTERMITTENT). This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.3.1.8Purine Nucleotides: Purines attached to a RIBOSE and a phosphate that can polymerize to form DNA and RNA.Hypoxanthine: A purine and a reaction intermediate in the metabolism of adenosine and in the formation of nucleic acids by the salvage pathway.

Regulation of AMP deaminase from chicken erythrocytes. A kinetic study of the allosteric interactions. (1/194)

The allosteric properties of AMP deaminase [EC 3.5.4.6] from chicken erythrocytes have been qualitatively and quantitatively accounted for by the concerted transition theory of Monod et al., on the assumption that this enzyme has different numbers of binding sites for each ligand. Theoretical curves yield a satisfactory fit for all experimental saturation functions with respect to activation by alkali metals and inhibition by Pi, assuming that the numbers of binding sites for AMP, alkali metals, and Pi are 4, 2, and 4, respectively. The enzyme was inhibited by concentrations of ATP and GTP below 0.1 and 0.25 mM, respectively, whereas activation of the enzyme was observed at ATP and GTP concentrations above 0.4 and 1.5 mM, respectively. These unusual kinetics with respect to ATP and GTP could be also accounted for by assuming 2 inhibitory and 4 activating sites for each ligand.  (+info)

Regulation of chicken erythrocyte AMP deaminase by phytic acid. (2/194)

AMP deaminase [EC 3.5.6.4] purified from chicken erythrocytes was inhibited by phytic acid (inositol hexaphosphate), which is the principal organic phosphate in chicken red cells. Kinetic analysis has indicated that this inhibition is of an allosteric type. The estimated Ki value was within the normal range of phytic acid concentration, suggesting that this compound acts as a physiological effector. Divalent cations such as Ca2+ and Mg2+ were shown to affect AMP deaminase by potentiating inhibition by lower concentrations of phytic acid, and by relieving the inhibition at higher concentrations of phytic acid. These results suggests that Ca2+ and Mg2+ can modify the inhibition of AMP deaminase by phytic acid in chicken red cells.  (+info)

Common variant in AMPD1 gene predicts improved clinical outcome in patients with heart failure. (3/194)

BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to identify gene(s) that may be associated with improved clinical outcome in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The adenosine monophosphate deaminase locus (AMPD1) was selected for study. We hypothesized that inheritance of the mutant AMPD1 allele is associated with increased probability of survival without cardiac transplantation in patients with CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: AMPD1 genotype was determined in 132 patients with advanced CHF and 91 control reference subjects by use of a polymerase chain reaction-based, allele-specific oligonucleotide detection assay. In patients with CHF, those heterozygous (n=20) or homozygous (n=1) for the mutant AMPD1 allele (AMPD1 +/- or -/-, respectively) experienced a significantly longer duration of heart failure symptoms before referral for transplantation evaluation than CHF patients homozygous for the wild-type allele (AMPD1 +/+; n=111; 7.6+/-6.5 versus 3.2+/-3.6 years; P<0.001). The OR of surviving without cardiac transplantation >/=5 years after initial hospitalization for CHF symptoms was 8.6 times greater (95% CI: 3.05, 23.87) in those patients carrying >/=1 mutant AMPD1 allele than in those carrying 2 wild-type AMPD1 +/+ alleles. CONCLUSIONS: After the onset of CHF symptoms, the mutant AMPD1 allele is associated with prolonged probability of survival without cardiac transplantation. The mechanism by which the presence of the mutant AMPD1 allele may modify the clinical phenotype of heart failure remains to be determined.  (+info)

AMP deaminase in piglet cardiac myocytes: effect on nucleotide metabolism during ischemia. (4/194)

The purpose of this study was to examine in situ regulation of AMP deaminase in newborn piglet cardiac myocytes and to determine its role in nucleotide metabolism during ischemia. When a rapid deenergization paradigm was used to assay AMP deaminase, enzyme activity depended on the hormonal and metabolic status of cells just before deenergization. Inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP) formation was increased 150% in deenergized myocytes pretreated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA; EC50 = 4.7 x 10(-8) M). This effect was 90% blocked with the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor staurosporine. In addition, the beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol stimulated AMP deaminase activity (EC50 = 1.5 x 10(-8) M), and IMP formation was directly correlated to intracellular cAMP levels (r2 = 0.9). Furthermore, adenosine increased IMP formation, whereas nonrespiring, glycolyzing piglet myocytes had reduced AMP deaminase activity. Pretreatment of perfused piglet hearts with adenosine, but not PMA, before exposure to global ischemia resulted in enhanced conversion of AMP to IMP during the ischemic period. Similar results were obtained in piglet myocytes preincubated with adenosine or PMA before exposure to simulated ischemia. These results may be relevant to the preconditioning phenomenon.  (+info)

5'-Nucleotidase as a marker of both general and local inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis patients. (5/194)

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate measurements of serum and synovial fluid 5'-nucleotidase (5'N) activity as a marker of general and local inflammation in arthritis, and to resolve a contradiction in the literature as to whether or not the activity of 5'N in the synovial fluids of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients is raised in comparison with that in the synovial fluids of other arthritis patients. METHODS: Assays for 5'N were carried out in the presence of inhibitors of other phosphatases, AMP deaminase and of 5'N itself. RESULTS: The 5'N activity in the synovial fluid of RA patients was both significantly higher (mean 1.7-fold) and had a greater variance than that in the synovial fluids of other arthritis patients, and the contradiction in the literature was resolved. There was a strong correlation between the 5'N activity in the sera of RA patients and their erythrocyte sedimentation rate. There was no significant correlation between the 5'N in the serum and synovial fluid for the RA patients, in marked contrast to the strong correlation between the two 5'N activities shown by the osteoarthritis patients. The 5'N activity was greater in the synovial fluid than in the serum for virtually all the patients, showing that it was being made locally. CONCLUSIONS: The 5'N activity in the serum (which came mostly from the liver) could be used as a marker of general inflammation, whereas the 5'N in the synovial fluid was mostly produced locally, and could be used as a marker of joint inflammation, particularly for the RA patients.  (+info)

Regulation of AMP deaminase by phosphoinositides. (6/194)

AMP deaminase (AMPD) converts AMP to IMP and is a diverse and highly regulated enzyme that is a key component of the adenylate catabolic pathway. In this report, we identify the high affinity interaction between AMPD and phosphoinositides as a mechanism for regulation of this enzyme. We demonstrate that endogenous rat brain AMPD and the human AMPD3 recombinant enzymes specifically bind inositide-based affinity probes and to mixed lipid micelles that contain phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. Moreover, we show that phosphoinositides specifically inhibit AMPD catalytic activity. Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate is the most potent inhibitor, effecting pure noncompetitive inhibition of the wild type human AMPD3 recombinant enzyme with a K(i) of 110 nM. AMPD activity can be released from membrane fractions by in vitro treatment with neomycin, a phosphoinositide-binding drug. In addition, in vivo modulation of phosphoinositide levels leads to a change in the soluble and membrane-associated pools of AMPD activity. The predicted human AMPD3 sequence contains pleckstrin homology domains and (R/K)X(n)(R/K)XKK sequences, both of which are characterized phosphoinositide-binding motifs. The interaction between AMPD and phosphoinositides may mediate membrane localization of the enzyme and function to modulate catalytic activity in vivo.  (+info)

Energy metabolism and lipid peroxidation of human erythrocytes as a function of increased oxidative stress. (7/194)

To study the influence of oxidative stress on energy metabolism and lipid peroxidation in erythrocytes, cells were incubated with increasing concentrations (0.5-10 mM) of hydrogen peroxide for 1 h at 37 degrees C and the main substances of energy metabolism (ATP, AMP, GTP and IMP) and one index of lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde) were determined by HPLC on cell extracts. Using the same incubation conditions, the activity of AMP-deaminase was also determined. Under nonhaemolysing conditions (at up to 4 mM H2O2), oxidative stress produced, starting from 1 mM H2O2, progressive ATP depletion and a net decrease in the intracellular sum of adenine nucleotides (ATP + ADP + AMP), which were not paralleled by AMP formation. Concomitantly, the IMP level increased by up to 20-fold with respect to the value determined in control erythrocytes, when cells were challenged with the highest nonhaemolysing H2O2 concentration (4 mM). Efflux of inosine, hypoxanthine, xanthine and uric acid towards the extracellular medium was observed. The metabolic imbalance of erythrocytes following oxidative stress was due to a dramatic and unexpected activation of AMP-deaminase (a twofold increase of activity with respect to controls) that was already evident at the lowest dose of H2O2 used; this enzymatic activity increased with increasing H2O2 in the medium, and reached its maximum at 4 mM H2O2-treated erythrocytes (10-fold higher activity than controls). Generation of malondialdehyde was strictly related to the dose of H2O2, being detectable at the lowest H2O2 concentration and increasing without appreciable haemolysis up to 4 mM H2O2. Besides demonstrating a close relationship between lipid peroxidation and haemolysis, these data suggest that glycolytic enzymes are moderately affected by oxygen radical action and strongly indicate, in the change of AMP-deaminase activity, a highly sensitive enzymatic site responsible for a profound modification of erythrocyte energy metabolism during oxidative stress.  (+info)

IMP and AMP deaminase in reperfusion injury down-regulates neutrophil recruitment. (8/194)

We examined gene regulation in murine lungs after hind-limb vessel occlusion and reperfusion. A rapid increase of transcript for the AMP deaminase 3 gene (AMPD3) and its enzymatic activity (EC) generating inosine monophosphate (IMP) were identified with transcripts located in bronchial and alveolar epithelium. AMP deaminase inhibitor decreased IMP levels and significantly enhanced neutrophil recruitment within lung tissue during reperfusion. In addition, IMP inhibited cytokine-initiated neutrophil infiltration in vivo and selectively attenuated neutrophil rolling by 90% in microvessels. We prepared labeled IMP and demonstrated that IMP specifically binds to neutrophils. IMP also stimulated binding of gamma-[(35)S]thio-GTP, suggesting that IMP is a potent regulator of neutrophils. Taken together, these results elucidate a previously unrecognized mechanism that protects tissues from the potentially deleterious consequences of aberrant neutrophil accumulation. Moreover, they are relevant for new therapeutic approaches to regulate neutrophil responses in inflammation and vascular disease.  (+info)

*5'-nucleotidase

AMP nucleotidase, AMP phosphohydrolase, IMP 5'-nucleotidase). Studies of the soluble form of human ecto-5'nucleotidase, without ... association with adenosine deaminase deficiency and non association with deoxyadenosine toxicity". Clinical Immunology and ... AMP), which are generally impermeable, to the corresponding nucleoside (e.g. adenosine) which can readily enter most cells. ... Nucleotidase in the Uptake of Adenosine from AMP by Human Lymphocytes" (PDF). Journal of Biological Chemistry. 250 (23): 8889- ...

*Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency type 1

The genetic form is caused by a defect in the gene for AMP deaminase though there is also an acquired form of AMP deficiency. ... AMP is normally converted into IMP by myoadenylate deaminase-so myoadenylate deaminase deficiency reduces energy that would be ... AMP deaminase is an enzyme that converts adenosine monophosphate (AMP) to inosine monophosphate (IMP), freeing an ammonia ... Fischer, H.; Esbjornsson, M.; Sabina, R. L.; Stromberg, A.; Peyrard-Janvid, M.; Norman, B. (2007). "AMP deaminase deficiency is ...

*AMP deaminase

... 1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the AMPD1 gene. Adenosine monophosphate deaminase is an enzyme that ... by directly inhibiting AMP deaminase, thereby increasing cellular AMP. It has been shown that in environments with high ... "Metformin activates AMP kinase through inhibition of AMP deaminase". J. Biol. Chem. 286 (1): 1-11. doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.121806 ... 1998). "Control of AMP deaminase 1 binding to myosin heavy chain". Am. J. Physiol. 275 (3 Pt 1): C870-81. PMID 9730972. Sims B ...

*AMP deaminase 2

... is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the AMPD2 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000116337 - Ensembl ... Bausch-Jurken MT, Mahnke-Zizelman DK, Morisaki T, Sabina RL (1992). "Molecular cloning of AMP deaminase isoform L. Sequence and ... Van den Bergh F, Sabina RL (1996). "Characterization of human AMP deaminase 2 (AMPD2) gene expression reveals alternative ... "Cloning of human AMP deaminase isoform E cDNAs. Evidence for a third AMPD gene exhibiting alternatively spliced 5'-exons". J ...

*AMPD3

AMP deaminase 3 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the AMPD3 gene. This gene encodes a member of the AMP deaminase gene ... 1987). "Deficiency of AMP deaminase in erythrocytes". Hum. Genet. 75 (1): 15-8. doi:10.1007/BF00273831. PMID 3804327. Yamada Y ... Yamada Y, Goto H, Wakamatsu N, Ogasawara N (2001). "A rare case of complete human erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency due to ... Yamada Y, Goto H, Ogasawara N (1994). "A point mutation responsible for human erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency". Hum. Mol. ...

*MYH2

1998). "Control of AMP deaminase 1 binding to myosin heavy chain". Am. J. Physiol. 275 (3 Pt 1): C870-81. PMID 9730972. Weiss A ...

*Chromosome 11 (human)

... encoding enzyme AMP deaminase 3 API5: encoding protein Apoptosis inhibitor 5 APLNR: Apelin receptor (APJ receptor) APOA4: ...

*Purine metabolism

... synthase converts IMP to adenylosuccinate adenylosuccinate lyase converts adenylosuccinate into AMP AMP deaminase converts AMP ... then adenosine deaminase creates inosine Alternatively, AMP deaminase creates inosinic acid, then a nucleotidase creates ... GMP and AMP in high concentration binds the enzyme to exerts inhibition while PRPP is in large amount binds to the enzyme which ... which is activated by PRPP and inhibited by AMP, GMP and IMP. PRPP + L-Glutamine + H2O → PRA + L-Glutamate + PPi In the second ...

*List of MeSH codes (D08)

... nucleotide deaminases MeSH D08.811.277.151.653.060 --- amp deaminase MeSH D08.811.277.151.653.200 --- dcmp deaminase MeSH ... nucleoside deaminases MeSH D08.811.277.151.486.075 --- adenosine deaminase MeSH D08.811.277.151.486.250 --- cytidine deaminase ... cyclic amp-dependent protein kinases MeSH D08.811.913.696.620.682.700.150.125.500 --- beta-adrenergic-receptor kinase MeSH ... guanine deaminase MeSH D08.811.277.151.418 --- methenyltetrahydrofolate cyclohydrolase MeSH D08.811.277.151.486 --- ...

*Deamination

AMP deaminase (AMPD1) Cytodine deaminase of mononucelotides (CDA) Adenosine Deaminase acting on tRNA (ADAT) Adenosine Deaminase ... Guanine Deaminase (GDA) Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency type 1 Gallinari, P. (1996). "Cloning and Expression of ... Enzymes that catalyse this reaction are called deaminases. In the human body, deamination takes place primarily in the liver, ... APOBEC1 APOBEC3A-H, APOBEC3G - affects HIV Activation-induced (cytidine) deaminase (AICDA) ...

*Chromosome 1 (human)

... encoding enzyme AMP deaminase 2 ARID1A (1p36) ATXN7L2: Ataxin 7-like 2 AZIN2: encoding enzyme Antizyme inhibitor 2 (AzI2) also ...

*Purine nucleotide cycle

... catalysed by the enzyme AMP deaminase: AMP + H2O → IMP + NH4+ The second stage is the formation of adenylosuccinate from IMP ... This reaction helps to dispose AMP produced after following reaction. ATP → ADP + Pi (Utilisation of ATP for Muscle contraction ... The first stage is the deamination of the purine nucleotide Adenosine monophosphate (AMP) to form inosine monophosphate (IMP), ... AMP + Fumarate A recent study conducted by Sridharan et al. (AJP Cell Physiology, 2008, 295:C29-C37) showed that activation of ...

*Amp

... optimized for mobile web browsing AMP deaminase, a human enzyme encoded by the AMPD1 gene Adenosine monophosphate, a nucleotide ... Amp or AMP may refer to: Ampere, a unit of electric current, often shortened to Amp Amplifier, a device that increases the ... 1997 compilation Amp (comics), a Marvel Comics fictional mutant Amp (TV series), music video show on MTV The Amp, a British ... finance company AMP Incorporated, U.S. electronic connector company AMP Limited, Australian financial services company Amp ...

*List of EC numbers (EC 3)

... adenine deaminase EC 3.5.4.3: guanine deaminase EC 3.5.4.4: adenosine deaminase EC 3.5.4.5: cytidine deaminase EC 3.5.4.6: AMP ... pterin deaminase EC 3.5.4.12: dCMP deaminase EC 3.5.4.13: dCTP deaminase EC 3.5.4.14: deoxycytidine deaminase EC 3.5.4.15: ... adenosine-phosphate deaminase EC 3.5.4.18: ATP deaminase EC 3.5.4.19: phosphoribosyl-AMP cyclohydrolase EC 3.5.4.20: ... dCTP deaminase (dUMP-forming) EC 3.5.4.31: S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine deaminase EC 3.5.4.32: 8-oxoguanine deaminase EC 3.5.5.1: ...

*Adenosine-phosphate deaminase

In enzymology, an adenosine-phosphate deaminase (EC 3.5.4.17) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 5'-AMP + H2O ... Other names in common use include adenylate deaminase, adenine nucleotide deaminase, and adenosine (phosphate) deaminase. Su JC ... Yates MG (1969). "A non-specific adenine nucleotide deaminase from desulfovibrio desulfuricans". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 171 (2 ... displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 5'-IMP + NH3 Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 5'-AMP and H2O, whereas its two ...

*Adenosine monophosphate

AMP can be converted into IMP by the enzyme myoadenylate deaminase, freeing an ammonia group. In a catabolic pathway, adenosine ... AMP Or AMP may be produced by the hydrolysis of one high energy phosphate bond of ADP: ADP + H2O → AMP + Pi AMP can also be ... AMP is used as a monomer in the synthesis of RNA. AMP does not have the high energy pyrophosphate bond associated with ADP and ... AMP can be regenerated to ATP as follows: AMP + ATP → 2 ADP (adenylate kinase in the opposite direction) ADP + Pi → ATP (this ...

*Adenosine

... deaminase deficiency is a known cause of immunodeficiency. The adenosine analog NITD008 has been reported to directly ... Adenosine used as a second messenger can be the result of de novo purine biosynthesis via adenosine monophosphate (AMP), though ... When adenosine enters the circulation, it is broken down by adenosine deaminase, which is present in red cells and the vessel ...

*Index of molecular biology articles

... amp resistance - amplification - amplicon - anchor sequence - animal model - anneal - anti-sense strand - antibiotic resistance ... adenosine deaminase deficiency - adenovirus - agarose gel electrophoresis - agarose gel - Alagille syndrome - alkaline lysis - ...

*Morpheein

Phillips, A.T.; Wood, W.A. (1964). "Basis for AMP activation of "Biodegradative" threonine dehydrase from". Biochemical and ... "Subunit structure of biodegradative threonine deaminase". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 252 (7): 2206-8. PMID 321452. ...

*Nucleic acid metabolism

AMP and GMP can then be converted into ATP and GTP, respectively, by kinases that add additional phosphates. ATP stimulates ... "Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency". Learn.Genetics. Retrieved 31 October 2014. Nucleic Acids Book (free online book on the ... Guanine is then deaminated via guanine deaminase to form xanthine which is then converted to uric acid. Oxygen is the final ... IMP is then converted to AMP (adenosine monophosphate) using GTP and aspartate, which is converted into fumarate. While IMP can ...

*Adenosine kinase

Gupta RS: Adenosine-AMP exchange activity is an integral part of the mammalian adenosine kinase. Biochem Mol Biol Int 1996, 39 ... Arch JR, Newsholme EA: Activities and some properties of 5'-nucleotidase, adenosine kinase and adenosine deaminase in tissues ... The AdK from mammalian sources, in addition to carrying out ATP-dependent phosphorylation of Ado, also catalyzes an Ado-AMP ... Explanation of exchange reaction between adenosine and AMP. J Biol Chem 1994, 269: 17820-17825. Henderson JF, Mikoshiba A, Chu ...

*AICA ribonucleotide

AICAR is an analog of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) that is capable of stimulating AMP-dependent protein kinase (AMPK) activity ... AICAR is able to enter the de novo synthesis pathway for adenosine synthesis to inhibit adenosine deaminase causing an increase ... A specific method for activating AMP-activated protein kinase in intact cells? Eur J Biochem 229:558-565(1995) Galinanes M, ... Potential Role of AMP-Activated Protein Kinase. Pharmacology Toxicology 10-16 (2009).doi:10.1111/j.1742-7843.2009.00402.x Zhang ...

*Vascular resistance

Adenosine is quickly broken down by adenosine deaminase, which is present in red cells and the vessel wall A decrease in SVR (e ... AMP). Most of the adenosine that is produced leaves the cell and acts as a direct vasodilator on the vascular wall. Because ...

*Phosphodiesterase 2

EHNA is also a very potent adenosine deaminase inhibitor with an IC50 ~2 nM. This dual inhibition would lead to the ... van Calker D, Müller M, Hamprecht B (1978). "Adenosine inhibits the accumulation of cyclic AMP in cultured brain cells". Nature ... Although EHNA potently inhibits adenosine deaminase, it has been successfully used with the proper controls as a tool to probe ... Theoretically, this problem can be resolved if the effect of adenosine accumulated by EHNA, a result of adenosine deaminase ...

*Bacterial microcompartment

This induction is mediated by the global regulator proteins Crp and ArcA (sensing cyclic AMP and anaerobic conditions ... The presence of genes predicted to code for amidohydrolases and deaminases could indicate that this BMC is involved in the ...

*Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase

This functions as the nucleophile to attack the anomeric carbon of PRPP, forming AMP and displacing pyrophosphate from PRPP. ... decreased purine nucleoside phosphorylase and adenosine deaminase activity". Blut. 39 (5): 309-15. doi:10.1007/BF01014193. PMID ... After the phosphoribosyl transfer occurs, pyrophosphate leaves first, followed by AMP. Kinetic studies indicate that the ... AMP) + Pyrophosphate (PPi) In organisms that can synthesize purines de novo, the nucleotide salvage pathway provides an ...

*List of EC numbers (EC 4)

FAD-AMP lyase (cyclizing) EC 4.6.1.16: TRNA-intron endonuclease EC 4.99.1.1: ferrochelatase EC 4.99.1.2: alkylmercury lyase EC ... 4-dihydroxyphenylalanine reductive deaminase EC 4.3.1.23: tyrosine ammonia-lyase EC 4.3.1.24: phenylalanine ammonia-lyase EC ...
AMPD2; adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2; adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2 (isoform L); AMP deaminase 2; AMPD isoform L; adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2 isoform L; AMP deaminase isoform L; AMPD 2; AMPD2_HUMAN; AMPD ...
Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency type 1, also called myoadenylate deaminase deficiency (MADD), is a recessive genetic metabolic disorder that affects approximately 1-2% of populations of European descent. It appears to be considerably rarer in Asian populations. The genetic form is caused by a defect in the gene for AMP deaminase though there is also an acquired form of AMP deficiency. Although many people with a defective AMPD gene are asymptomatic, others may have symptoms such as exercise intolerance, muscle pain, and muscle cramping. Fatigue MADD lowers aerobic power output, so increased anaerobic power is needed to perform the same amount of work.[citation needed] Without myoadenlyate deaminase, heavy activity causes adenosine to be released into the cell or perfused into the surrounding tissues. Fatigue and sedation after heavy exertion can be caused by excess adenosine in the cells which signals muscle fiber to feel fatigued. In the brain, excess adenosine decreases alertness ...
Re: myoadenylate deaminase deficiency [ Follow Ups ] [ Post Followup ] [ The Neurology Forum ] [ FAQ ] Posted by ccf neuro M.D. on April 21, 1997 at 18:56:14: In Repl...
Reaction of rabbit skeletal-muscle AMP deaminase with a low molar excess of diethyl pyrocarbonate results in conversion of the enzyme into a species with one or two carbethoxylated histidine residues per subunit that retains sensitivity to ATP at pH 7.1 but, unlike the native enzyme, it is not sensitive to regulation by ATP at pH 6.5. This effect mimics that exerted on the enzyme by limited proteolysis with trypsin, which removes the 95-residue N-terminal region from the 80 kDa enzyme subunit. These observations suggest involvement of some histidine residues localized in the region HHEMQAHILH (residues 51-60) in the regulatory mechanism which stabilizes the binding of ATP to its inhibitory site at acidic pH. Carbethoxylation of two histidine residues per subunit abolishes the inhibition by ATP of the proteolysed enzyme at pH 7.1, suggesting the obligatory participation of a second class of histidine residues, localized in the 70 kDa subunit core, in the mechanism of the pH-dependent inhibition ...
A major finding in the current study was the ability of the muscle to maintain TCA cycle intermediate (TCAi) concentrations and cellular energy charge during exercise in spite of AMPD activity being less than 1 % of control values. This finding demonstrates the utility of using an inborn error of metabolism to unravel a fundamental question in muscle physiology, namely, that the PNC is not required for TCA cycle anaplerosis. From a clinical perspective, the main finding in this study is that patients with less than 1 % residual AMPD activity were not markedly different from subjects with normal AMPD activity in their tolerance for progressive cycle ergometry exercise.. One conceivable consequence of AMPD deficiency would be an impairment of the PNC with a resultant attenuation of TCAi anaplerosis (Sabina et al. 1980; Flanagan et al. 1986). It has previously been demonstrated that the total muscle TCAi content increased severalfold during the initial minutes of moderate to intense contraction, ...
Studies on the effect of genetic polymorphisms known to affect AMP deaminase (AMPD) activity on progress of heart disease are conflicting: some highlights benefit of decreased AMPD activity in heart failure and ischemic heart disease while the other failed to confirm it. Detailed studies to identify clinical scenario that benefits from decreased AMPD activity are thus needed. We evaluated cardiac effects of decreased AMPD activity during acute oxygen deprivation in clinical and experimental settings. Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with use of extracorporeal circulation (n=184) were clinically analyzed and genotyped for C34T mutation of AMPD1 that we previously found to decrease cardiac AMPD activity. The effect of new inhibitor of AMPD: 3-[2-(3-carboxy-4-bromo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthyl)ethyl]-3,6,7,8-tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-d][1,3]diazepin-8-ol (AMPDI) was tested in apoA/LDLr knockout mouse exposed for 5 min to 5% oxygen in breathing air. The activity of AMP regulated protein ...
Build: Wed Jun 21 18:33:50 EDT 2017 (commit: 4a3b2dc). National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), 6701 Democracy Boulevard, Bethesda MD 20892-4874 • 301-435-0888. ...
Metallochaperones function as intracellular shuttles for metal ions. At present, no evidence for the existence of any eukaryotic zinc-chaperone has been provided although metallochaperones could be critical for the physiological functions of Zn2+ metalloenzymes. We propose that the complex formed in skeletal muscle by the Zn2+ metalloenzyme AMP deaminase (AMPD) and the metal binding protein histidine-proline-rich glycoprotein (HPRG) acts in this manner. HPRG is a major plasma protein. Recent investigations have reported that skeletal muscle cells do not synthesize HPRG but instead actively internalize plasma HPRG. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) performed on fresh preparations of rabbit skeletal muscle AMPD provided evidence for a dinuclear zinc site in the enzyme compatible with a (μ-aqua)(μ-carboxylato)dizinc(II) core with two histidine residues at each metal site. XAS on HPRG isolated from the AMPD complex showed that zinc is bound to the protein in a dinuclear cluster where each Zn2+ ion is
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Homo sapiens adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2 (isoform L) (AMPD2), transcript variant 3, mRNA. (H00000271-R03) - Products - Abnova
Complete information for AMPD3 gene (Protein Coding), Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 3, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
Complete information for AMPD1 gene (Protein Coding), Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 1, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
Tracy, Saoirse and Gómez, José Fernández and Sturrock, Craig and Wilson, Zoe A. and Ferguson, Alison (2017) Non-destructive determination of floral staging in cereals using X-ray micro computed tomography (µCT). Plant Methods, 13 (9). ISSN 1746-4811 Ferguson, Alison and Pearce, Simon and Band, Leah R. and Yang, Caiyun and Ferjentsikova, Ivana and King, John and Yuan, Zheng and Zhang, Dabing and Wilson, Zoe A. (2016) Biphasic regulation of the transcription factor ABORTED MICROSPORES (AMS) is essential for tapetum and pollen development in Arabidopsis. New Phytologist, 213 . pp. 778-790. ISSN 1469-8137 Chew, Bee Lynn and Fisk, Ian D. and Fray, Rupert and Tucker, Gregory A. and Bodi, Zsuzsanna and Ferguson, Alison and Xiao, Wei and Seymour, Graham B. (2016) The effect of adenosine monophosphate deaminase overexpression on the accumulation of umami-related metabolites in tomatoes. Plant Cell Reports, 36 (1). pp. 81-87. ISSN 1432-203X Pearce, Simon and Ferguson, Alison and King, John and Wilson, ...
AMPD1 gene, c.1261C,T (p.Arg421Trp) One report in ClinVar (based on OMIM) of a single individual in which this is reported to be a recessively inherited mutation leading to muscle AMP deaminase deficiency. ...
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Tip: to save time, you can create & save a named Bugzilla query for [https://bugs.eclipse.org/bugs/colchange.cgi?rememberedquery=product%3DEMFT%26bug_status%3DASSIGNED%26order%3Dbugs.bug_id%26query_format%3Dadvanced&column_changeddate=on&column_bug_severity=on&column_priority=on&column_rep_platform=on&column_bug_status=on&column_product=on&column_component=on&column_version=on&column_target_milestone=on&column_short_short_desc=on&splitheader=0 ,tt style=color: DarkGreen,All Assigned,/tt,], in order to quickly [https://bugs.eclipse.org/bugs/colchange.cgi?rememberedquery=product%3DEMFT%26bug_status%3DASSIGNED%26order%3Dbugs.bug_id%26query_format%3Dadvanced%26tweak%3D=1&column_changeddate=on&column_bug_severity=on&column_priority=on&column_rep_platform=on&column_bug_status=on&column_product=on&column_component=on&column_version=on&column_target_milestone=on&column_short_short_desc=on&splitheader=0 ,tt ...
Learn more about Ribose at Medical City Dallas Uses Principal Proposed Uses None Other Proposed Uses AMPD (Congenital Myoadenylate Deaminase...
Learn more about Ribose at Sky Ridge Medical Center Uses Principal Proposed Uses None Other Proposed Uses AMPD (Congenital Myoadenylate Deaminase...
Rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against recombinant AMPD1. Recombinant protein corresponding to amino acids of human AMPD1. (PAB22103) - Products - Abnova
Given that aldolase B is Commonly current in kidney and intestinal mucosa and in liver, Cox et al. (1982) ended up ready to detect heterozygotes by intestinal biopsy. In a Jewish relatives, they shown that evident dominant inheritance was the result of a homozygote-heterozygote mating. Diagnosis In aldolase B-deficient tissues, cytoplasmic accumulation of fructose-1-phosphate causes sequestration of inorganic phosphate with ensuing activation of AMP deaminase that catalyzes the irreversible deamination of AMP to IMP (inosine monophosphate), a precursor of uric acid. During the cytoplasm, AMP, ADP, and ATP are managed inside a point out approaching equilibrium. Depletion of tissue ATP takes place by means of large degradation to uric acid and impairment of regeneration by oxidative phosphorylation while in the mitochondria on account of inorganic phosphate depletion ...
Description This activity is closed to further registration. Come and learn soul line-dancing to the music of Motown, R&B and Jazz; it will work out the ...
Muscle & Strength explains that most weight training experts do not recommend working out the same muscle group more than once per training session. Overworking the muscles leads to severe muscle...
AMPD1兔多克隆抗体(ab78045)可与小鼠, 大鼠, 牛, 人, 黑猩猩, 猴, 斑马鱼样本反应并经WB, IHC实验严格验证。所有产品均提供质保服务,中国75%以上现货。
The reconstituted glycolytic system described previously (Scopes, 1973) was used to simulate post-mortem glycolytic metabolism in muscle. The effects of the following factors have been investigated: ATPase (adenosine triphosphatase) amount, AMP deaminase amount, percentage of the phosphorylase in the a form and the effect of diluting the glycolytic enzyme complex as a whole. It was confirmed that the rate of metabolism was solely dependent on the amount of ATPase present and that various concentrations of the glycolytic enzymes had no effect over a wide range encompassing the variation found in anatomically different muscles. The extent of metabolism, represented by the value of the ultimate pH, depended markedly on the amount of phosphorylase in the a form; as little as 1% of the a form resulted in a considerably lower pH than in its absence. To a lesser extent the amount of AMP deaminase also affected the ultimate pH, but this was probably only significant for comparisons of genetically ...
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amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;div class="statcounter"&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;a title="tumblr visit counter" href="http://statcounter.com/tumblr/" target="_blank"&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;img class="statcounter" src="http://c.statcounter.com/4311352/0/e2e03977/1/" alt="tumblr visit ...
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Get the &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;a href="http://www.widgetbox.com/widget/welcome-clock-widgia"&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;welcome ...
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amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;span itemprop="name" content="Why ending violence is a development imperative"&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;/span&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt; &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;span itemprop="description" content=""&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;/span&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt; &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;span itemprop="duration" content="333"&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;/span&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt; &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;span itemprop="thumbnail" content="https://cfvod.kaltura.com/p/619672/sp/61967200/thumbnail/entry_id/1_747uficf/version/100011/acv/211"&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;/span&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt; &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;span itemprop="width" ...
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lt;p>&amp;amp;amp;lt;p&amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;p&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;p&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;a href="http://video.news.com.au/2227300814/Shorten-supports-PM-on-Slipper"&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;VIDEO: Shorten supports PM on Slipper&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;/a&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;/p&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;/p&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;&amp;amp;amp;lt;/p&amp;amp;amp;gt;</p> ...
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A List with 343 English Words That Starts With MYO - Words: MYOADENYLATE - MYOXINE -- -- WordMine.info is a search engine for finding words. The searches can be done in a lots of different languages. Search Type: Crossword Solver, Words that starts with, Words Ending in, Words with, Palindrome Words Matching, Anagrams of, Words From Letters, Words In the Word, Words Matching Pattern,
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Continuous growth of E. coli on AMP LB plate - posted in Molecular Biology: Hi my LB AMP plates were streaked with transformed E.coli and colonies dont grow. Rather this creamy continuous film like lawn grows. I wonder if this is transformed E. coli or not...
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The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain. This section includes genomic Reference Sequences (RefSeqs) from all assemblies on which this gene is annotated, such as RefSeqs for chromosomes and scaffolds (contigs) from both reference and alternate assemblies. Model RNAs and proteins are also reported here.. ...
Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AICDA) antibody | Q9GZX7 | Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AICDA), Cytidine aminohydrolase, AID
Looking for online definition of adenosine deaminase in the Medical Dictionary? adenosine deaminase explanation free. What is adenosine deaminase? Meaning of adenosine deaminase medical term. What does adenosine deaminase mean?
3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine oxidative deaminase (EC 1.13.12.15, 3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine: oxidative deaminase, oxidative deaminase, DOPA oxidative deaminase, DOPAODA) is an enzyme with systematic name 3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine:oxygen oxidoreductase (deaminating). This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction 2 L-dopa + O2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 2 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpyruvate + 2 NH3 This enzyme is one of the three enzymes involved in L-dopa (3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine) catabolism in the bacterium Rubrivivax benzoatilyticus. Ranjith, N.K.; Ramana, Ch.V.; Sasikala, Ch. (2008). "Purification and characterization of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine oxidative deaminase from Rhodobacter sphaeroides OU5". Can. J. Microbiol. 54 (10): 829-834. doi:10.1139/w08-071. PMID 18923551. 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine oxidative deaminase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular Biology ...
Looking for online definition of threonine deaminase in the Medical Dictionary? threonine deaminase explanation free. What is threonine deaminase? Meaning of threonine deaminase medical term. What does threonine deaminase mean?

Abstract 19495: Cardioprotective Effect of AMP Deaminase Inhibition in Oxygen Deprivation | CirculationAbstract 19495: Cardioprotective Effect of AMP Deaminase Inhibition in Oxygen Deprivation | Circulation

Abstract 19495: Cardioprotective Effect of AMP Deaminase Inhibition in Oxygen Deprivation. Ryszard T Smolenski, Tomasz ... Studies on the effect of genetic polymorphisms known to affect AMP deaminase (AMPD) activity on progress of heart disease are ... Abstract 19495: Cardioprotective Effect of AMP Deaminase Inhibition in Oxygen Deprivation. Ryszard T Smolenski, Tomasz ... Abstract 19495: Cardioprotective Effect of AMP Deaminase Inhibition in Oxygen Deprivation. Ryszard T Smolenski, Tomasz ...
more infohttp://circ.ahajournals.org/content/122/Suppl_21/A19495

Regulation of skeletal-muscle AMP deaminase: involvement of histidine residues in the pH-dependent inhibition of the rabbit...Regulation of skeletal-muscle AMP deaminase: involvement of histidine residues in the pH-dependent inhibition of the rabbit...

Reaction of rabbit skeletal-muscle AMP deaminase with a low molar excess of diethyl pyrocarbonate results in conversion of the ... Regulation of skeletal-muscle AMP deaminase: involvement of histidine residues in the pH-dependent inhibition of the rabbit ... Regulation of skeletal-muscle AMP deaminase: involvement of histidine residues in the pH-dependent inhibition of the rabbit ... Regulation of skeletal-muscle AMP deaminase: involvement of histidine residues in the pH-dependent inhibition of the rabbit ...
more infohttp://www.biochemj.org/content/309/3/845

Myoadenylate deaminase deficiency does not affect muscle anaplerosis during exhaustive exercise in humans - Tarnopolsky - 2001 ...Myoadenylate deaminase deficiency does not affect muscle anaplerosis during exhaustive exercise in humans - Tarnopolsky - 2001 ...

Hisatome, I., Morisake, T., Kamma, H., Sugama, T., Morisaki, H., Ohtahara, A. & Holmes, E. W. (1998). Control of AMP deaminase ... Sinkeler S. P., Binkhorst, R. A., Joosten, E. M., Wevers, R. A., Coerwinkei, M. M. & Oei, T. L. (1987). AMP deaminase ... Morisaki, T., Gross, M., Morisaki, H., Pongratz, D., Zollner, N. & Holmes, E. W. (1992). Molecular basis of AMP deaminase ... Norman, B., Mahnke-Zizelman, D. K., Vallis, A. & Sabina, R. L. (1998). Genetic and other determinants of AMP deaminase activity ...
more infohttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.t01-1-00881.x/full

AMPD3 Gene - GeneCards | AMPD3 Protein | AMPD3 AntibodyAMPD3 Gene - GeneCards | AMPD3 Protein | AMPD3 Antibody

Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 3, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards ... AMP + H(2)O = IMP + NH(3). *AMPD3_HUMAN,Q01432. UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: AMP deaminase plays a critical role in energy ... GO annotations related to this gene include deaminase activity and AMP deaminase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ... Cloning of human AMP deaminase isoform E cDNAs. Evidence for a third AMPD gene exhibiting alternatively spliced 5-exons. (PMID ...
more infohttp://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?id_type=entrezgene&id=272

Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiencyAdenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency

AMP deaminase 3. Tchem. Enzyme. AMP deaminase 1. Tchem. Enzyme. Name. Description. ...
more infohttps://pharos.nih.gov/idg/diseases/umls:C2931781

ampd2, adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2 - Creative Biogeneampd2, adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2 - Creative Biogene

AMP deaminase 2; AMPD isoform L; adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2 isoform L; AMP deaminase isoform L; AMPD 2; AMPD2_HUMAN; ... Adenosine monophosphate deaminase-2 (EC 3.5.4.6) catalyzes the deamination of AMP to IMP and plays an important role in the ... AMPD2; adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2; adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2 (isoform L); ...
more infohttps://www.creative-biogene.com/symbolsearch_ampd2.html

Elevated Adenosine Induces Placental DNA Hypomethylation Independent of A2B Receptor Signaling in Preeclampsia | HypertensionElevated Adenosine Induces Placental DNA Hypomethylation Independent of A2B Receptor Signaling in Preeclampsia | Hypertension

The use of genetic approaches to express an adenosine deaminase minigene specifically in placentas, or adenosine deaminase ... Genetic deletion of CD73 (an ectonucleotidase that converts AMP to adenosine) prevented the elevation of placental adenosine in ... Using 2 independent experimental models of preeclampsia, adenosine deaminase-deficient mice and a pathogenic autoantibody- ... and abolished placental DNA hypomethylation in adenosine deaminase-deficient mice. ...
more infohttp://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/early/2017/05/15/HYPERTENSIONAHA.117.09536

AMP deaminase (IPR006329) | InterPro | EMBL-EBIAMP deaminase (IPR006329) | InterPro | EMBL-EBI

Expression patterns of AMP-deaminase isozymes in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).. Mol. Cell. Biochem. null null 2008 ... AMP-deaminase (AMPD) is a large, well-conserved eukaryotic protein that catalyzes the hydrolytic deamination of adensosine ... In mammalian liver, the reaction catalysed by AMP-deaminase constitutes a rate-limiting step in adenine nucleotide catabolism [ ... monophosphate (AMP) to inosine monophosphate (IMP), and so plays an important role in purine metabolism. ...
more infohttp://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/entry/IPR006329

AMP deaminase - WikipediaAMP deaminase - Wikipedia

AMP deaminase 1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the AMPD1 gene. Adenosine monophosphate deaminase is an enzyme that ... by directly inhibiting AMP deaminase, thereby increasing cellular AMP. It has been shown that in environments with high ... "Metformin activates AMP kinase through inhibition of AMP deaminase". J. Biol. Chem. 286 (1): 1-11. doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.121806 ... 1998). "Control of AMP deaminase 1 binding to myosin heavy chain". Am. J. Physiol. 275 (3 Pt 1): C870-81. PMID 9730972. Sims B ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AMP_deaminase

AMP deaminase 2 - WikipediaAMP deaminase 2 - Wikipedia

AMP deaminase 2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the AMPD2 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000116337 - Ensembl ... Bausch-Jurken MT, Mahnke-Zizelman DK, Morisaki T, Sabina RL (1992). "Molecular cloning of AMP deaminase isoform L. Sequence and ... Van den Bergh F, Sabina RL (1996). "Characterization of human AMP deaminase 2 (AMPD2) gene expression reveals alternative ... "Cloning of human AMP deaminase isoform E cDNAs. Evidence for a third AMPD gene exhibiting alternatively spliced 5-exons". J ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AMP_deaminase_2

Variation in the Gene for Muscle-Specific AMP Deaminase Is Associated With Insulin Clearance, a Highly Heritable Trait |...Variation in the Gene for Muscle-Specific AMP Deaminase Is Associated With Insulin Clearance, a Highly Heritable Trait |...

By converting AMP to inosine monophosphate, AMPD1 plays a major role in regulating cellular AMP levels; AMP activates AMP ... codes for the muscle-specific form of the AMP deaminase enzyme (myoadenylate deaminase), which catalyzes the deamination of AMP ... We tested the candidate gene AMP deaminase 1 (AMPD1) for association with insulin-related traits because it codes for an enzyme ... Morisaki T, Gross M, Morisaki H, Pongratz D, Zollner N, Holmes EW: Molecular basis of AMP deaminase deficiency in skeletal ...
more infohttp://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/54/4/1222

Erythrocyte Amp Deaminase Deficiency disease: Malacards - Research Articles, Drugs, Genes, Clinical TrialsErythrocyte Amp Deaminase Deficiency disease: Malacards - Research Articles, Drugs, Genes, Clinical Trials

MalaCards integrated aliases for Erythrocyte Amp Deaminase Deficiency:. Name: Erythrocyte Amp Deaminase Deficiency 57 75 29 6 ... An important gene associated with Erythrocyte Amp Deaminase Deficiency is AMPD3 (Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 3). OMIM : ... MalaCards based summary : Erythrocyte Amp Deaminase Deficiency, is also known as adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency ... ClinVar genetic disease variations for Erythrocyte Amp Deaminase Deficiency:. 6 (show top 50) (show all 114) #. Gene. Variation ...
more infohttps://www.malacards.org/card/erythrocyte_amp_deaminase_deficiency

Dihydrofolate reductase - WikipediaDihydrofolate reductase - Wikipedia

IMP→AMP:. *Adenylosuccinate synthase. *Adenylosuccinate lyase. *reverse *AMP deaminase. IMP→GMP:. *IMP dehydrogenase ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dihydrofolate_reductase

Nucleic acid metabolism - WikipediaNucleic acid metabolism - Wikipedia

XMP is then converted into GMP by using the hydrolysis of 1 ATP and the conversion of glutamine to glutamate.[1] AMP and GMP ... Guanine is then deaminated via guanine deaminase to form xanthine which is then converted to uric acid. Oxygen is the final ... While IMP can be directly converted to AMP, synthesis of GMP (guanosine monophosphate) requires an intermediate step, in which ... The nucleoside, adenosine, is then deaminated and hydrolyzed to form hypoxanthine via adenosine deaminase and nucleosidase ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nucleic_acid_metabolism

View the content page [c]View the content page [c]

A nucleotidase creates adenosine, then adenosine deaminase creates inosine. *Alternatively, AMP deaminase creates inosinic acid ... AMP[edit]. *adenylosuccinate synthase converts IMP to adenylosuccinate. *adenylosuccinate lyase converts adenylosuccinate into ... So IMP, GMP and AMP are inhibitors while PRPP is an activator. Between the formation of 5-phosphoribosyl, aminoimidazole and ... 1. Severe Immunodeficiency by loss of adenosine deaminase. 2. Hyperuricemia and Lesch-Nyhan syndrome by the loss of ...
more infohttp://www.let.rug.nl/~gosse/termpedia2/termpedia.php?language=dutch_general&density=7&link_color=000000&termpedia_system=perl_db&url=http%3A%2F%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FPurine_metabolism

KEGG PATHWAY: hsa00230KEGG PATHWAY: hsa00230

AMP deaminase deficiency. H02309 Adenosine deaminase deficiency. Drug. D00155 Pentostatin (JAN/USAN/INN). ... AMPD2; adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2 [KO:K01490] [EC:3.5.4.6]. 272 AMPD3; adenosine monophosphate deaminase 3 [KO:K01490 ...
more infohttps://www.genome.jp/dbget-bin/www_bget?hsa00230

An X-linked mitochondrial disease affecting cardiac muscle, skeletal muscle and neutrophil leucocytes.  - PubMed - NCBIAn X-linked mitochondrial disease affecting cardiac muscle, skeletal muscle and neutrophil leucocytes. - PubMed - NCBI

Muscle AMP deaminase was deficient (5 resp. 17%). Only one previous report (Neustein et al. 1979) on X-linked mitochondrial ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6142097?dopt=Abstract

Search: All Pfam signatures | InterPro | EMBL-EBISearch: All Pfam signatures | InterPro | EMBL-EBI

Adenosine/AMP deaminase domain (IPR001365) Pfam signature: PF00962 Cellulosome anchoring protein, cohesin domain (IPR002102) ... Porphobilinogen deaminase, N-terminal (IPR022417) Pfam signature: PF01379 Sugar isomerase (SIS) (IPR001347) Pfam signature: ... AMP-dependent synthetase/ligase (IPR000873) Pfam signature: PF00501 Phycobilisome, alpha/beta subunit (IPR012128) Pfam ... Cytidine and deoxycytidylate deaminase domain (IPR002125) Pfam signature: PF00383 Molybdopterin oxidoreductase (IPR006656) Pfam ...
more infohttp://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/member-database/Pfam

Substituted oxetanes, method of making, and method of use thereof - Patent # 7687500 - PatentGeniusSubstituted oxetanes, method of making, and method of use thereof - Patent # 7687500 - PatentGenius

Bookser, Brett C., et al; AMP Deaminase Inhibitors. 2. Initial Dicovery of a Non-Nucleotide Transition-State Inhibitor Series; ... Bookser, Brett C., et al; AMP Deaminase Inhibitors. 4. Further N3-Substituted Coformycin Aglycon Analogues: N3-Alkylmalonates ... Kasibhatla, Srinivas Rao, et al; "AMP Deaminase Inhibitors. 3. SAR of 3-(Carboxyarylalkyl)coformycin Aglycon Analogues"; J. Med ... Terasaka, Tadashi, et al; "A Highly Potent Non-Nucleoside Adenosine Deaminase Inhibitor: Efficient Drug Discovery by ...
more infohttp://www.patentgenius.com/patent/7687500.html

Plus itPlus it

AMP deaminase; AICAside, aminoimidazole carboxamidoribonucleoside; ADA, adenosine deaminase; AK, adenosine kinase; RFC1, ... Because AICAR inhibits AMP deaminase and AICARs dephosphorylated metabolite AICARiboside directly inhibits adenosine deaminase ... adenosine deaminase and 5′-adenylate deaminase by polyglutamates of methotrexate and oxidized folates and by 5-aminoimidazole-4 ... AICAR accumulation could lead to the release of AMP (which may be dephosphorylated to adenosine) and/or adenosine (Barankiewicz ...
more infohttp://pharmrev.aspetjournals.org/content/57/2/163

Purine metabolism and related disorders (Homo sapiens) - WikiPathwaysPurine metabolism and related disorders (Homo sapiens) - WikiPathways

AMP deaminase deficiency. IMP DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY. ADENOSINE DEAMINASE. DEFICIENCY. ADENOSINE DEAMINASE. PURINE NUCLEOSIDE ... AMP deaminase deficiency 102770 (OMIM) aka Myoadenylate deaminase. AMP. Metabolite. CHEBI:2356 (ChEBI) AMPD1. GeneProduct. ... AMP. Gln. AO. GUANINE. AICARP. 6-oxopyrimidine metabolite M1. dGMP. ADA. H2O. GDP. adenine. GTP. AMPD1. S-Amphetamine. dATP. RR ... Adenosine deaminase. PNP. Phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase superactivity. ADENYL-. SUCCINATE LYASE. DEFICIENCY. AICAr ...
more infohttps://www.wikipathways.org/index.php?title=Pathway:WP4224&oldid=96636

Dihydrofolate reductase - wikidocDihydrofolate reductase - wikidoc

IMP→AMP:. *Adenylosuccinate synthase. *Adenylosuccinate lyase. *reverse *AMP deaminase. IMP→GMP:. *IMP dehydrogenase ...
more infohttp://wikidoc.org/index.php/Dihydrofolate_reductase

ADA Gene - GeneCards | ADA Protein | ADA AntibodyADA Gene - GeneCards | ADA Protein | ADA Antibody

Adenosine Deaminase, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene ... Adenosine and AMP deaminases family.. Family:. * Belongs to the metallo-dependent hydrolases superfamily. Adenosine and AMP ... two well known members of this group are adenosine deaminase and cytidine deaminase. ... adenosine deaminase,adenine nucleotide catalytic pathway,including a locus control region LCR-ADA (see symbol) in intron 1 *ADA ...
more infohttps://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=ADA

Chromosome 1 - WikipediaChromosome 1 - Wikipedia

AMPD2: encoding enzyme AMP deaminase 2. *ARID1A (1p36). *ATXN7L2: Ataxin 7-like 2 ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome_1
  • Muscle AMP deaminase was deficient (5 resp. (nih.gov)
  • In mammalian liver, the reaction catalysed by AMP-deaminase constitutes a rate-limiting step in adenine nucleotide catabolism [ PMID: 18493842 ]. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • The first committed step is the reaction of PRPP, glutamine and water to 5'-phosphoribosylamine (PRA), glutamate , and pyrophosphate - catalyzed by amidophosphoribosyltransferase , which is activated by PRPP and inhibited by AMP , GMP and IMP . (rug.nl)
  • AMP deaminase plays a critical role in energy metabolism. (genecards.org)
  • It has been shown that in environments with high potassium concentrations, AMP-deaminase is regulated by ATP and ADP through a "Km-type" mechanism. (wikipedia.org)