Phosphorus: A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.Phosphorus, Dietary: Phosphorus used in foods or obtained from food. This element is a major intracellular component which plays an important role in many biochemical pathways relating to normal physiological functions. High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. Low concentrations of dietary phosphorus cause an increase in calcitriol in the blood and osteoporosis.Phosphorus Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain phosphorus as an integral part of the molecule.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Calcium, Dietary: Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.Phosphates: Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.Dietary Fiber: The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.Phosphorus Metabolism Disorders: Disorders in the processing of phosphorus in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Minerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)6-Phytase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate and water to 1L-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5-pentakisphosphate and orthophosphate. EC 220.127.116.11.Parathyroid Hormone: A polypeptide hormone (84 amino acid residues) secreted by the PARATHYROID GLANDS which performs the essential role of maintaining intracellular CALCIUM levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone increases intracellular calcium by promoting the release of CALCIUM from BONE, increases the intestinal absorption of calcium, increases the renal tubular reabsorption of calcium, and increases the renal excretion of phosphates.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Hyperphosphatemia: A condition of abnormally high level of PHOSPHATES in the blood, usually significantly above the normal range of 0.84-1.58 mmol per liter of serum.Phosphorus Isotopes: Stable phosphorus atoms that have the same atomic number as the element phosphorus, but differ in atomic weight. P-31 is a stable phosphorus isotope.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Eutrophication: The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.Phytic Acid: Complexing agent for removal of traces of heavy metal ions. It acts also as a hypocalcemic agent.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Dietary Fats, Unsaturated: Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.Cholesterol, Dietary: Cholesterol present in food, especially in animal products.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Hypophosphatemia: A condition of an abnormally low level of PHOSPHATES in the blood.Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Magnesium: A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Calcitriol: The physiologically active form of vitamin D. It is formed primarily in the kidney by enzymatic hydroxylation of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (CALCIFEDIOL). Its production is stimulated by low blood calcium levels and parathyroid hormone. Calcitriol increases intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphorus, and in concert with parathyroid hormone increases bone resorption.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Nephrocalcinosis: A condition characterized by calcification of the renal tissue itself. It is usually seen in distal RENAL TUBULAR ACIDOSIS with calcium deposition in the DISTAL KIDNEY TUBULES and the surrounding interstitium. Nephrocalcinosis causes RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.Sodium, Dietary: Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.Food Additives: Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.Alkaline Phosphatase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC 18.104.22.168.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Phosphites: Inorganic salts or organic esters of phosphorous acid that contain the (3-)PO3 radical. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Rickets: Disorders caused by interruption of BONE MINERALIZATION manifesting as OSTEOMALACIA in adults and characteristic deformities in infancy and childhood due to disturbances in normal BONE FORMATION. The mineralization process may be interrupted by disruption of VITAMIN D; PHOSPHORUS; or CALCIUM homeostasis, resulting from dietary deficiencies, or acquired, or inherited metabolic, or hormonal disturbances.Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary: Abnormally elevated PARATHYROID HORMONE secretion as a response to HYPOCALCEMIA. It is caused by chronic KIDNEY FAILURE or other abnormalities in the controls of bone and mineral metabolism, leading to various BONE DISEASES, such as RENAL OSTEODYSTROPHY.Potassium, Dietary: Potassium or potassium compounds used in foods or as foods.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Polyphosphates: Linear polymers in which orthophosphate residues are linked with energy-rich phosphoanhydride bonds. They are found in plants, animals, and microorganisms.Electron Probe Microanalysis: Identification and measurement of ELEMENTS and their location based on the fact that X-RAYS emitted by an element excited by an electron beam have a wavelength characteristic of that element and an intensity related to its concentration. It is performed with an electron microscope fitted with an x-ray spectrometer, in scanning or transmission mode.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Intestinal Absorption: Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.Absorption: The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.Renal Dialysis: Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.Vitamin D: A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.Calcium Carbonate: Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Kidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Manure: Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)Sewage: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Phosphorus Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of phosphorus that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. P atoms with atomic weights 28-34 except 31 are radioactive phosphorus isotopes.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Iron, Dietary: Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.Nutritive Value: An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.Parathyroid Glands: Two pairs of small oval-shaped glands located in the front and the base of the NECK and adjacent to the two lobes of THYROID GLAND. They secrete PARATHYROID HORMONE that regulates the balance of CALCIUM; PHOSPHORUS; and MAGNESIUM in the body.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Halomonadaceae: A family of gram-negative, moderately halophilic bacteria in the order Oceanospirillales. Members of the family have been isolated from temperate and Antarctic saline lakes, solar salt facilities, saline soils, and marine environments.Aluminum: A metallic element that has the atomic number 13, atomic symbol Al, and atomic weight 26.98.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Diet Records: Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.Metacarpus: The region of the HAND between the WRIST and the FINGERS.Renal Insufficiency, Chronic: Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)Phosphocreatine: An endogenous substance found mainly in skeletal muscle of vertebrates. It has been tried in the treatment of cardiac disorders and has been added to cardioplegic solutions. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1996)Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Plant Shoots: New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Elements: Substances that comprise all matter. Each element is made up of atoms that are identical in number of electrons and protons and in nuclear charge, but may differ in mass or number of neutrons.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Renal Osteodystrophy: Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.Lupinus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is a source of SPARTEINE, lupanine and other lupin alkaloids.Trace Elements: A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Hydroxycholecalciferols: Hydroxy analogs of vitamin D 3; (CHOLECALCIFEROL); including CALCIFEDIOL; CALCITRIOL; and 24,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D 3.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.Calcium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain calcium as an integral part of the molecule.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Ergocalciferols: Derivatives of ERGOSTEROL formed by ULTRAVIOLET RAYS breaking of the C9-C10 bond. They differ from CHOLECALCIFEROL in having a double bond between C22 and C23 and a methyl group at C24.Organophosphorus Compounds: Organic compounds that contain phosphorus as an integral part of the molecule. Included under this heading is broad array of synthetic compounds that are used as PESTICIDES and DRUGS.Food, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Waste Disposal, Fluid: The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Water Quality: A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.Nutrition Policy: Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)PolyaminesCalcification, Physiologic: Process by which organic tissue becomes hardened by the physiologic deposit of calcium salts.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Hypophosphatemia, Familial: An inherited condition of abnormally low serum levels of PHOSPHATES (below 1 mg/liter) which can occur in a number of genetic diseases with defective reabsorption of inorganic phosphorus by the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. This leads to phosphaturia, HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA, and disturbances of cellular and organ functions such as those in X-LINKED HYPOPHOSPHATEMIC RICKETS; OSTEOMALACIA; and FANCONI SYNDROME.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Uremia: A clinical syndrome associated with the retention of renal waste products or uremic toxins in the blood. It is usually the result of RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. Most uremic toxins are end products of protein or nitrogen CATABOLISM, such as UREA or CREATININE. Severe uremia can lead to multiple organ dysfunctions with a constellation of symptoms.Calcinosis: Pathologic deposition of calcium salts in tissues.Biological Availability: The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.Phytoplankton: Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.Fibroblast Growth Factors: A family of small polypeptide growth factors that share several common features including a strong affinity for HEPARIN, and a central barrel-shaped core region of 140 amino acids that is highly homologous between family members. Although originally studied as proteins that stimulate the growth of fibroblasts this distinction is no longer a requirement for membership in the fibroblast growth factor family.Phospholipids: Lipids containing one or more phosphate groups, particularly those derived from either glycerol (phosphoglycerides see GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS) or sphingosine (SPHINGOLIPIDS). They are polar lipids that are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids, although not stored in large amounts in the system.Food Preservatives: Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.Mycorrhizae: Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Recommended Dietary Allowances: The amounts of various substances in the diet recommended by governmental guidelines as needed to sustain healthy life.Bioreactors: Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.Electrolytes: Substances that dissociate into two or more ions, to some extent, in water. Solutions of electrolytes thus conduct an electric current and can be decomposed by it (ELECTROLYSIS). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Vitamins: Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Hyperparathyroidism: A condition of abnormally elevated output of PARATHYROID HORMONE (or PTH) triggering responses that increase blood CALCIUM. It is characterized by HYPERCALCEMIA and BONE RESORPTION, eventually leading to bone diseases. PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is caused by parathyroid HYPERPLASIA or PARATHYROID NEOPLASMS. SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is increased PTH secretion in response to HYPOCALCEMIA, usually caused by chronic KIDNEY DISEASES.Dihydroxycholecalciferols: Cholecalciferols substituted with two hydroxy groups in any position.Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Osteomalacia: Disorder caused by an interruption of the mineralization of organic bone matrix leading to bone softening, bone pain, and weakness. It is the adult form of rickets resulting from disruption of VITAMIN D; PHOSPHORUS; or CALCIUM homeostasis.Hypocalcemia: Reduction of the blood calcium below normal. Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, Chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm. (Dorland, 27th ed)Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
... they also supply dietary fiber and the essential minerals, magnesium and phosphorus whereas other nutrients are in low amounts ... This can require large amounts of energy in the form of combustible gases (propane or natural gas) and electricity to power the ... Many forms of maize are used for food, sometimes classified as various subspecies related to the amount of starch each has: ... Within the United States, the usage of maize for human consumption constitutes about 1/40th of the amount grown in the country ...
The same amount of chia seeds contains high amounts (48-130% DV) of the dietary minerals calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, ... phosphorus and zinc (table). Chia seeds may be added to other foods as a topping or put into smoothies, breakfast cereals, ... In 2009 permission was given to include small amounts of chia in bread products and a consumption limit of 15 g (0.53 oz) a day ...
In a 100 gram amount, cooked amaranth provides 103 Calories and is a moderate-rich source of dietary minerals, including ... phosphorus, manganese, and iron. Cooked amaranth is 75% water, 19% carbohydrates, 4% protein, and 2% fat (table). According to ... Grain amaranth is also grown as a food crop in limited amounts in Mexico, where it is used to make a candy called alegría ( ...
Bladder stone (animal)
Increased dietary magnesium and phosphorus decreases the amount of calcium in the urine, and increased dietary calcium reduces ... By feeding proper amounts of calcium and potassium we avoid this issue, which is especially common in male cats. When symptoms ... Sodium, calcium, phosphorus and potassium ratios and quantities play a large role in urinary health of animals. Research ... Dietary reduction of protein and alkalinization of the urine may help prevent formation. Medications such as D-penicillamine ...
List of diets
People's dietary choices are sometimes affected by intolerance or allergy to certain types of food. There are also dietary ... The healthy kidney diet restricts large amounts of protein which are hard for the kidney to break down but especially limits: ... potassium and phosphorus-rich foods and beverages. Liquids are often restricted as well-not forbidden, just less of. Ketogenic ... Dietary advice includes (1) wholesome plants "in the season thereof", (2) eating meat sparingly and only "in times of winter, ...
Dietary calcium and phosphorus ratio, along with vitamin D, regulates bone mineralization and turnover by affecting calcium and ... Most vegetation around the world lacks sufficient amounts of phosphate. Phosphorus is an essential mineral for all animals, as ... The importance of having sufficient amounts of phosphorus further resides in the physiological importance of maintaining a ... The resulting phosphorus deficiency in grizzly bear diets results in a skewed calcium to phosphorus ratio and creates an ...
... excess amount of potassium Hypercalcemia: excess amount of calcium Hyperphosphatemia: excess amount of phosphorus "The ... In addition to deficiencies of particular minerals, dietary excesses of certain elements occurring in specific geographic ... The largest amount of radiation comes from radon. Certain places are called 'high background radiation areas' (HBRAs), such as ...
Unenriched oatmeal, cooked by boiling or microwave, is 84% water, and contains 12% carbohydrates, including 2% dietary fiber, ... and 2% each of protein and fat (table). In a 100 gram amount, cooked oatmeal provides 71 Calories and contains 29% of the Daily ... Value (DV) for manganese and moderate content of phosphorus and zinc (11% DV each), with no other micronutrients in significant ...
Typical of milk, several dietary minerals are found in kefir, such as calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, ... including dietary minerals, vitamins, essential amino acids, and conjugated linoleic acid, in amounts similar to unfermented ... Also similar to milk, kefir contains vitamins in variable amounts, including vitamin A, vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 ( ... copper, molybdenum, manganese, and zinc in amounts that have not been standardized to a reputable nutrient database. ...
A 100-gram amount provides 406 kilojoules (97 kcal) of dietary energy. As a proportion of the Daily Value (DV), a serving of ... yogurt is a rich source of vitamin B12 (31% DV) and riboflavin (23% DV), with moderate content of protein, phosphorus, and ... Large amounts of sugar - or other sweeteners for low-energy yogurts - are often used in commercial yogurt. Some yogurts contain ... The starter culture may be a small amount of live yogurt. Dried starter culture is available commercially. Milk with a higher ...
Micronutrients in significant content include the dietary minerals manganese, iron, phosphorus, and zinc. Coconut water serves ... Per 100-gram serving with 354 calories, raw coconut meat supplies a high amount of total fat (33 grams), especially saturated ... Coconuts are common in the Sri Lankan diet and the main source of dietary fat. In the United States, coconut palms can be grown ...
Vitamin and mineral supplementation for dialysis patients
However, many patients on dialysis must follow dietary restrictions, making it difficult for them to get the necessary amounts ... Phosphorus: The kidneys also help to regulate phosphorus levels in the body. When the kidneys are damaged, they aren't able to ... phosphorus). Normally, we are able to get adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals by eating a wide variety of foods. ... Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, meaning that excessive amounts can be damaging so it should be prescribed and monitored by ...
Dietary supplement. Blood meal can be used as a livestock dietary supplement and is mainly added to supply dietary lysine ... Blood meal is different from bone meal in that blood meal contains a higher amount of nitrogen, while bone meal contains ... phosphorus. Alternatives to Blood Meal include feather meal and alfalfa meal. Blood meal is sometimes used as a composting ...
Mostly sold in dried, shelled form, the seeds contain rich contents of protein, B vitamins, and dietary minerals. Two types of ... and phosphorus (63% DV). The most common use of the seed is in the form of lotus seed paste (蓮蓉), which is used extensively in ... In a 100 gram reference amount, dried lotus seeds supply 332 calories and contain 64% carbohydrates, 2% fat, 15% protein, and ... The seeds contain B vitamins in rich content, particularly thiamin at 43% of the Daily Value (DV), and numerous dietary ...
... vitamin E and several dietary minerals, including iron, calcium, potassium, and phosphorus (see table "Kale, raw"). Boiling raw ... Like collards, it contains a large amount of vitamin K: several times the Daily Value (DV). It is a rich source (20% or more of ... In Japan and South Korea, kale juice, known in Japan as aojiru (AKA "green juice"), is used as a dietary supplement. The ...
... and phosphorus (27% DV) (table). Macadamia nuts are 76% fat, 14% carbohydrates, including 9% dietary fiber, and 8% protein ( ... In a 100-gram amount, macadamia nuts provide 740 Calories and are a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of ... They have a high amount of monounsaturated fats (59% of total content, table) and contain, as 17% of total fat, the ...
... with lower moderate content of phosphorus (table). Otherwise, raw white mushrooms generally have low amounts of essential ... Lee GS, Byun HS, Yoon KH, Lee JS, Choi KC, Jeung EB (March 2009). "Dietary calcium and vitamin D2 supplementation with enhanced ... especially for dietary minerals (table for boiled mushrooms). The content of vitamin D is absent or low unless mushrooms are ... ibotenic acid is not in high enough concentration to produce any physical or psychological effects unless massive amounts are ...
Among other nutrients lost are dietary fiber and small amounts of fatty acids. It has been found that germinated grains in ... Brown rice is a whole grain and a good source of magnesium, phosphorus, selenium, thiamine, niacin, vitamin B6, and manganese, ... Several vitamins and dietary minerals are lost in this removal and the subsequent polishing process. A part of these missing ... Brown rice and white rice have similar amounts of calories and carbohydrates. White rice, unlike brown rice, has the bran and ...
A sufficient amount of ultraviolet B light in sunlight each day and adequate supplies of calcium and phosphorus in the diet can ... Treatment involves increasing dietary intake of calcium, phosphates and vitamin D. Exposure to ultraviolet B light (most easily ... Children who do not get adequate amounts of vitamin D are at increased risk of rickets. Vitamin D is essential for allowing the ... People with darker skin produce less vitamin D than those with lighter skin, for the same amount of sunlight. The most common ...
For U.S. food and dietary supplement labeling purposes the amount in a serving is expressed as a percent of Daily Value (%DV). ... phosphorus exists in two major forms-white phosphorus and red phosphorus-but because it is highly reactive, phosphorus is never ... Military uses of white phosphorus are constrained by international law. In trace amounts, phosphorus is used as a dopant for n- ... Violet phosphorus is a form of phosphorus that can be produced by day-long annealing of red phosphorus above 550 °C. In 1865, ...
... phosphorus, and zinc. The same amount is also a good source (10-19% DV) of the B vitamins thiamine, vitamin B6, and folate; ... These phenolic compounds and almond skin prebiotic dietary fiber have commercial interest as food additives or dietary ... The almond is a nutritionally dense food (see chart pictured right) and a 100 gram amount is a rich source (>20% of the Daily ... Bitter almonds may yield 4-9 mg of hydrogen cyanide per almond and contain 42 times higher amounts of cyanide than the trace ...
Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Calcium. 2013. Web. . ... The amount of calcium from milk that is absorbed by the human body is disputed. Calcium from dairy products has a greater ... Soluble calcium and phosphorus decrease by 5%, thiamin and vitamin B12 by 10%, and vitamin C by 20%. Because losses are ... The Office of Dietary Supplements recommends that healthy adults between ages 19 and 50 get about 1,000 mg of calcium per day.[ ...
... in several B vitamins and dietary minerals, especially iron, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, and zinc (table). The byproduct ... Amounts as low as 100 mg of sesame seeds or flour and 3 ml of oil can trigger allergic reactions in severe cases of sesame ... In a 100-gram amount, dried whole sesame seeds provide 573 calories and are composed of 5% water, 23% carbohydrates (including ... 12% dietary fiber), 50% fat, and 18% protein (table). Whole sesame seeds are rich (20% or more of the Daily Value) ...
A sufficient amount of ultraviolet B light in sunlight each day and adequate supplies of calcium and phosphorus in the diet can ... Treatment involves increasing dietary intake of calcium, phosphates and vitamin D. Exposure to ultraviolet B light (most easily ... Serum calcium may show low levels of calcium, serum phosphorus may be low, and serum alkaline phosphatase may be high from ... Children who do not get adequate amounts of vitamin D are at increased risk of rickets. Vitamin D is essential for allowing the ...
... dietary fiber, manganese, phosphorus and niacin (table). Several B vitamins and other dietary minerals are in significant ... protein and dietary minerals. Manufacturers of foods containing wheat as a whole grain in specified amounts are allowed a ... Dietary fiber may also help people feel full and therefore help with a healthy weight. Further, wheat is a major source for ... Estimates of the amount of wheat production lost owing to plant diseases vary between 10-25% in Missouri. A wide range of ...
List of diets
People's dietary choices are sometimes affected by intolerance or allergy to certain types of food. There are also dietary ... The healthy kidney diet restricts large amounts of protein which are hard for the kidney to break down but especially limits: ... potassium and phosphorus-rich foods and beverages. Liquids are often restricted as well-not forbidden, just less of. ... Islamic dietary laws: Muslims follow a diet consisting solely of food that is halal - permissible in Islam. The opposite of ...
Fluoride - Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride - NCBI Bookshelf
Although the total amount of fluoride ingested daily by older children and adults is greater than by infants or young children ... Fluoride - Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin.... Fluoride - Dietary Reference Intakes for ... Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride.. Show details. Institute of Medicine (US ... Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington (DC): National Academies ...
Current Dietary Phosphorus Intake | The New York Academy of Sciences
In recent decades the availability of dietary phosphorus has increased because of its widespread use as an additive in ... Nutrient databases may underestimate the amount of phosphorus in some foods.*Dietary Guidelines for Americans, a report issued ... including phosphorus. It is unclear whether high dietary phosphorus intake or elevated serum phosphorus levels have health ... Phosphorus, calcium, and bone health. Mona S. Calvo returned to the podium to address the effect of excess dietary phosphorus ...
Understanding Sources of Dietary Phosphorus in the Treatment of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease | American Society of...
Serving Amount. P (mg). Protein (g). K (g). P-to-Protein Ratio (mg/g). Commentsa. ... Understanding Sources of Dietary Phosphorus in the Treatment of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease. Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, ... Dietary P intake 874 ± 1352 mg/d (range 294 to 2137 mg/d), dietary protein intake 66.6 ± 26.9 g/d (range 24.1 to 160.7 g/d), ... Understanding Sources of Dietary Phosphorus in the Treatment of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease ...
Vitamins, Minerals, and Trace Elements
Calcium and Phosphorus. While there is a recommended dietary intake for calcium and phosphorus, deficiencies are rarely a ... The RDA, or recommended dietary allowance, is a baseline figure. It is used to suggest the lowest amount of a given substance ... Calcium will be found in your multivitamins in varying amounts; about 30 to 150 milligrams of phosphorus will be present in ... Dietary sources of thiamine include red meat, whole grains, potatoes, peas, beans, nuts, and yeast. As this nutrient is water- ...
Current Dietary Phosphorus Intake: Are there Potential Implications for Public Health? | The New York Academy of Sciences
Changes in the food supply over recent decades have led to increasing amounts of phosphorus in our diets. Although phosphorus ... the link between dietary phosphorus consumption with serum phosphorus concentrations, and, (2) the link between dietary ... When assessing the dietary intake of phosphorus, however, it remains standard practice to sum the phosphorus measures in the ... Phosphorus Content of the United States Food Supply: Dietary Intake Guidelines, Current Intake Levels and Primary Dietary ...
Low Starch Dietary Education Program vs. Traditional Treatment for PCOS
... clinicaltrials.gov Compare weight loss and metabolic parameters in patients using a low starch dietary education program vs. ... Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.. Phosphorus, Dietary ... High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. Low ... Iron, Dietary. Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis ...
Lanthanum: MedlinePlus Drug Information
Talk to your doctor about foods that contain high amounts of phosphorus. ... or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a ... It binds phosphorus that you get from foods in your diet and prevents it from being absorbed into your blood stream. ... Sprinkle the oral powder on a small amount of applesauce or a similar food and take the mixture immediately, along with your ...
Sevelamer: MedlinePlus Drug Information
Talk to your doctor about foods that contain high amounts of phosphorus. ... or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a ... It binds phosphorus that you get from foods in your diet and prevents it from being absorbed into your blood stream. ... Mix the powder with the recommended amount of water for your dose and stir the mixture vigorously. The mixture will be cloudy ...
Kidney Disease in Pets: A Better Method for Quicker Diagnosis
Very low levels of phosphorus. *Variable amounts of protein to control symptoms and maintain muscle mass ... Early dietary intervention has been proven to prolong the life patients with kidney disease. Diets that include the following ... I am really excited by this news, because getting dogs and cats on an appropriate phosphorus restricted diets sooner may have a ... Early detection of kidney disease with SDMA will mean earlier dietary intervention. Earlier treatment can extend the life of ...
Full cream, double toned or skimmed? This is the healthiest milk for you - fitness - Hindustan Times
It contains moderate amounts of dietary fibre unlike dairy and almond milk with nil or negligible amounts of fibre. It contains ... minerals like potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, iron and selenium. Vitamin B9 (Folate), B6, and K are also ... "It contains sufficient amounts of calcium, Vitamin E and flavonoids. Vitamin E, along with Flavonoids nourishes the skin, ... With almost half the calories than the whole milk, skimmed milk provides same amount of protein, vitamins and minerals. It is ...
6 Essential Minerals | LIVESTRONG.COM
... or minerals of which the body needs only a small amount, and... ... The main dietary sources for phosphorus are milk and meats. ... Diets containing an adequate daily intake of calcium and protein will provide the necessary amount of phosphorus. The incidence ... Phosphorus. Phosphorus, the second most abundant mineral in your body, helps build strong teeth and bones, filters out waste in ... or minerals of which the body needs only a small amount, and macrominerals--minerals of which a larger amount is required. A ...
Strategies to Reduce Amounts of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in Dairy Rations | VCE Publications | Virginia Tech
This allows the cows requirements to be met with a reduced dietary N content, reducing N excretion. Phosphorus requirements ... Strategies to Reduce Amounts of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in Dairy Rations (PDF) ... Maximizing the amount of forage in the ration not only improves cow health but also reduces the need for supplemental feeds ... Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) are the two nutrients that cause the most concern with respect to environmental pollution from ...
malnutrition facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about malnutrition
... are the amount of mineral content in the soil in which the food providing the mineral was grown; dietary fiber consumed in the ... Calcium and phosphorus, for example, are needed to produce teeth and bones. Diseases resulting from the lack of a mineral are ... National Academy of Sciences (NAS). "Dietary Reference Intakes: Applications in Dietary Assessment," 2000. www.nap.edu ... dietary fiber, sufficient fluid intake, and the role of dietary supplements in maintaining adequate nutrient intakes. ...
JECFA Evaluations-DISODIUM HYDROGEN PHOSPHATE
0-30 (CONDITIONAL, 30-70; AS TOTAL DIETARY PHOSPHORUS INTAKES FROM BOTH FOOD AND FOOD ADDITIVES). CO. N. ... 0-30 (CONDITIONAL, 30-70; BOTH THE UNCONDITIONAL AND CONDITIONAL ADIs INCLUDE THE AMOUNT OCCURRING IN THE DIET). CO. S 1963, ... 0-70 (TOTAL PHOSPHORUS LOAD FOR MAN). FU. S 1970, NMRS 48/TRS 462-JECFA 14/15, FAS 70.39/NMRS 48A-JECFA 14/62. ...
Phosphate Supplement (Oral Route, Parenteral Route) Description and Brand Names - Mayo Clinic
Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) are the amount of vitamins and minerals needed to provide for adequate nutrition in most ... Phosphates are used as dietary supplements for patients who are unable to get enough phosphorus in their regular diet, usually ... Daily Values (DVs) are used on food and dietary supplement labels to indicate the percent of the recommended daily amount of ... The best dietary sources of phosphorus include dairy products, meat, poultry, fish, and cereal products. ...
Corn 101: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits
Phosphorus: Found in decent amounts in both popcorn and sweet corn, phosphorus is a mineral that plays an important role in the ... Dietary intake of antioxidants, most notably carotenoids, such as zeaxanthin and lutein, may have considerable benefits for eye ... Corn may contain a fair amount of several vitamins and minerals. However, the amount is highly variable depending on the corn ... Aside from containing varying amounts of water, corn is mainly composed of carbohydrates, and has small amounts of protein and ...
Pro's and Cons about Regular or Low protein in Diet - Barfplaats.nl
moderate to high amounts of fat,. • moderate amounts of high-quality protein,. • low amounts of phosphorus,. • moderate amounts ... There are no nutritional reasons that support providing excessive amounts of dietary protein; older dogs (, 7 years) do not ... Calcium is a phosphorus binder, so add small amounts of finely ground eggshell to each meal (½ teaspoon per pound of food) to ... Restricting phosphorus intake to about 30 mg/pound/day [about half the amount found in normal diets] as soon as polyuria is ...
Foeniculum vulgare Mill: A Review of Its Botany, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Contemporary Application, and Toxicology
... phosphorus, and calcium. According to USDA data for the Mission variety, fennels are richest in dietary fiber and vitamins, ... Fennels have smaller amounts of many other nutrients. On a weight basis, fennels contain more calcium (49 mg/100 g) as compared ... Thus, the dietary intake of F. vulgare may lower the risk of M. tuberculosis infection . ... 64] identify a total of 28 components by GC and GC/MS from fennel oil, representing 95.8% of the total amount. Trans-Anethole ( ...
Phosphate supplement Oral, Parenteral Advanced Patient Information - Drugs.com
However, taking large amounts of a dietary supplement in pregnancy may be harmful to the mother and/or fetus and should be ... Phosphates are used as dietary supplements for patients who are unable to get enough phosphorus in their regular diet, usually ... However, taking large amounts of a dietary supplement while breast-feeding may be harmful to the mother and/or baby and should ... Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) are the amount of vitamins and minerals needed to provide for adequate nutrition in most ...
Effects of dietary phosphorus and protein in dogs with chronic renal failure
... phosphorus--diet 1; 16% protein and 1.4% phosphorus--diet 2; 32% protein and 0.4% phosphorus--diet 3; and 32% protein and 1.4% ... phosphorus--diet 4. Forty-eight dogs were fed diet 1 for 3 months after surgical reduction of renal mass, then we … ... Urine protein excretion was not significantly affected by dietary amount of either protein or P, when measured by either timed ... Effects of dietary phosphorus and protein in dogs with chronic renal failure Am J Vet Res. 1992 Dec;53(12):2264-71. ...
Lower dietary phosphorus supply in pigs match both animal welfare aspects and resource efficiency | Springer for Research &...
Dietary phosphorus frequently exceeds age-specific requirements and pig manure often contains high phosphorus load which causes ... amounts of phosphorus and calcium. Dietary responses were reflected by performance parameters, bone characteristics, and ... Dietary phosphorus frequently exceeds age-specific requirements and pig manure often contains high phosphorus load which causes ... The course of phosphorus excretion in growing pigs fed continuously increasing phosphorus concentrations after a phosphorus ...
Nutraceutical Properties of Legume Seeds and Their Impact on Human Health | IntechOpen
It is an excellent source of magnesium, phosphorus, calcium and potassium. It provides an adequate amount of iron and selenium ... Not only proteins but legumes also supply adequate amount of energy, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, and dietary fiber with ... Legumes are a very good source of dietary fibers. Dietary fibers include resistant starch, nonstarch polysaccharides (cellulose ... Dietary fiber comes from the portion of plants that is not digested by enzymes in the intestinal tract. Bacteria present in ...
Update on Nutrition for People with Chronic Kidney Disease | Quizzes
d) Choose foods with less phosphorus.. e) Limit dietary potassium when serum level is high.. f) a, b, d. g) All of the above. ... b) Eat the right amount and type of protein.. c) Choose foods that are heart healthy.. ... If protein intake is reduced, nitrogen, sodium, phosphorus and potassium intakes are also decreased. a) True. b) False. ... 5. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for American recommends that adults consume less than 2,300 mg. sodium per day as part of a ...
Macadamias, Pecans and Walnuts Should Be on Your Shopping List
In addition, raw macadamia nuts contain high amounts of B vitamins, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus and potassium. Just one ... Participants were asked about their dietary choices over the course of just one to two days, which may or may not represent ... Magnesium and phosphorus, as well as calcium, all of which are available in macadamias, are useful to support bone and teeth ... The high amount of thiamin in pecans helps your cells convert carbs into energy and also supports your heart, muscle and ...
The Effects of Elk Velvet Antler Dietary Supplementation on Physical Growth and Bone Development in Growing Rats
Calcium, Phosphorus, and Alkaline Phosphatase. The serum content of calcium and phosphorus and serum activity of alkaline ... It has also been reported that the amount of skeletal ALP activity in serum could be correlated with the rate of bone formation ... but in males, these percentages did not differ between the dietary groups (. , Table 2). ... The kidney indices were greater in EVA dietary supplemented male rats at 5 and 16 weeks of age, in females at 16 weeks of age, ...
Eating coriander protects your heart from damage - NaturalNews.com
It is a great source of dietary fiber, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Its leaves contain high amounts of vitamin C, vitamin K ... This herb also contains small amounts of calcium, phosphorus, potassium, thiamin, niacin, and carotene. If these are not enough ... 3 Nutrients that reduce excessive amounts of the stress hormone cortisol - NaturalNews.com ... A study published in the Journal of Dietary Supplements found that the herb offers protective effects against heart failure. ...
Nutritional Management of Chronic Renal Disease | School of Veterinary Medicine
... by reducing the amount of phosphorus contained in the diet or by reducing the intestinal absorption of dietary phosphorus. ... restriction of dietary protein alone is often not sufficient to control blood phosphorus levels. Further control of phosphorus ... In dogs, dietary phosphorus restriction has been shown to slow the progression of renal failure. One goal in the management of ... Dietary protein sources contain high levels of phosphorus. This is another reason that foods designed for the management and ...
Onions: Health benefits, nutrition risks, and dietary tips
Menopause and Bone Health - Healthy.net
A diet containing good amounts of fish, leafy greens, whole grains, and dairy foods will support healthy bones. Phosphorus, ... The nutrient program presented here includes dietary plus supplemental needs. Nutrients such as chloride, phosphorus, fluoride ... Many people eat a diet that is much higher in phosphorus than in calcium. This can lead to improper bone metabolism and loss of ... One advantage of using milk products is that they have a very good calcium-to-phosphorus ratio, with actually slightly more ...
IntakeZincPhosphateManganeseFiberRestrictionIntakesNitrogenKidneysRecommended Dietary AllowancesSerum phosphorusChronicExcessExcretionConcentrationsPhosphatesCopperFoodsReducing phosphorus absorptionProtein and phosphorusAdequate1,000 mgMeatDeficiencyParathyroid HormoneEnough phosphorusDietBindsSupplementationManureKidney failureDialysisNutrientBones and teethBloodUrineSmall amountsCaloriesPhosphorous
- Dietary P intake 874 ± 1352 mg/d (range 294 to 2137 mg/d), dietary protein intake 66.6 ± 26.9 g/d (range 24.1 to 160.7 g/d), age 56.0 ± 12.4 years, men 60%, black patients 43%, Hispanic patients 36%, patients with diabetes 62%, dialysis vintage 42.1 ± 33.7 months, postdialysis dry weight 75.1 ± 20.8 kg (range 42.6 to 172.1 kg), single-pool Kt/V 1.58 ± 0.28. (asnjournals.org)
- Mortality predictability of the difference of the percentiles of the changes in dietary protein intake, represented by nPNA (nPCR), and serum P concentration in 30,075 MHD patients. (asnjournals.org)
- Current Dietary Phosphorus Intake: Are there Potential Implications for Public Health? (nyas.org)
- Dietary intake for magnesium, as reported by the United States Department of Agriculture, can be found in foods such as halibut, white beans, oat bran, spinach, cashews and Brazil nuts. (livestrong.com)
- Diets containing an adequate daily intake of calcium and protein will provide the necessary amount of phosphorus. (livestrong.com)
- Problems in children have not been reported with intake of normal daily recommended amounts. (drugs.com)
- If you have kidney disease, your physician may recommend limiting your phosphorus intake to between 800 and 1,000 mg per day. (livestrong.com)
- Based on typical amounts of feed intake, phosphorus concentrations in rations would range from 0.32 to 0.38% (dry matter basis). (msu.edu)
- Dietary Reference Intakes is the general term for a set of reference values used for planning and assessing nutrient intake for healthy people. (medicinenet.com)
- Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA), Adequate Intakes (AI), and Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (UL). (medicinenet.com)
- Both types of dialysis, but particularly hemodialysis, require that diet be limited with regard to fluids, phosphorus, and salt intake. (rchsd.org)
- While avoiding excessive protein intake is advisable and will also help limit phosphorus intake, it's important to remember that kids do need enough protein for growth - so strict protein restriction (the kind recommended for adult patients) should not be used. (rchsd.org)
- When it comes to dietary intake, some nutrients are used as part of the structure of bone. (fosters.com)
- Dietary protein intake for patients with CKD is based on the stage of kidney disease , nutrition status and body size. (davita.com)
- The daily needs for minerals are labeled with either Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) or Adequate Intake (AIs). (fitday.com)
- Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) are the recommended daily needs of nutrients for most healthy adults of specific age and gender groups, this is chosen when there is firm scientific nutrient intake consensus. (fitday.com)
- They're especially high in vitamins K and C, providing 116% and 68%, respectively, of the recommended dietary intake per serving. (todaysdietitian.com)
- Phosphorus deficiency is uncommon, because dietary intake is usually adequate. (kaiserpermanente.org)
- High phosphorus intake may impair absorption of iron , copper , and zinc . (kaiserpermanente.org)
- Between 1961 and 2007, rising meat consumption and total calorie intake underpinned a 38% increase in the world's per capita "phosphorus footprint," the researchers conclude in a paper published online in Environmental Research Letters . (healthcanal.com)
- The needed amount of vitamin D is expressed as an Adequate Intake (AI) rather than an Required Daily Amount (RDA). (encyclopedia.com)
- One cup of cantaloupe has under 60 calories, but is already well above your recommended intake of vitamin A. It also has in its orange flesh vitamins B-6, B-1, B-5 and B-3, folate, and a nice chunk of dietary fiber. (healthiertalk.com)
- However, if you look at changes in fatigue symptoms from studies in which participants were given magnesium supplements at levels at least as high as the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) and you couple these study results with information we already know about low intake of magnesium by the average U.S. adult you can draw a conclusion that low dietary intake of magnesium increases our risk of fatigue. (whfoods.com)
- This provides the rationale for recommendations to restrict dietary phosphate intake to 800 mg/d. (asnjournals.org)
- We show that equivalent total protein and phosphorus from grain-based vegetarian sources has a significant effect on serum phosphorus and on the homeostatic response to dietary phosphate intake. (asnjournals.org)
- Dietary counseling should encourage the consumption of foods with the least amount of inorganic or absorbable phosphorus, low phosphorus-to-protein ratios, and adequate protein content, and discourage excessive calcium intake in high-risk patients. (ebscohost.com)
- The impact of processing meat and fish products on phosphorus intake in chronic kidney disease patients. (ebscohost.com)
- A margin of safety should be added based on the length of time the diet will be stored before feeding, changes in rates of feed intake due to environmental temperature or dietary energy content, genetic strain, husbandry conditions (especially the level of sanitation), and the presence of stressors (such as diseases or mycotoxins). (merckvetmanual.com)
- Energy needs and, consequently, feed intake also vary considerably with environmental temperature and amount of physical activity. (merckvetmanual.com)
- The adult requirements for zinc are based on metabolic studies of zinc absorption, defined as the minimum amount of dietary zinc necessary to offset total daily losses of the nutrient. (nap.edu)
- This legume contains phosphorus, as the major mineral, followed by magnesium and calcium, and trace elements (iron, copper and zinc). (mdpi.com)
- Dairy is the best dietary source of calcium, and provides high amounts of phosphorus, various B vitamins, magnesium and zinc. (healthline.com)
- It is needed for a healthy immune systems and skin integrity, and helps better utilize vitamin A. If there is inadequate amounts in the diet, zinc deficiency can impair growth in children and birth defects during pregnancy. (fitday.com)
- Dietary zinc is found in meat, seafood, whole grains and fortified products. (woundsource.com)
- The dietary reference for zinc for adults is 11mg per day for men and 8mg per day for women, which can easily be met with two servings daily of animal protein such as meat or seafood. (woundsource.com)
- Phosphate is the drug form (salt) of phosphorus. (mayoclinic.org)
- 2008 ). Consequently, both activity and intracellular redistribution of sodium-dependent phosphate transporters (SLC34 family) rely on dietary P levels in porcine jejunum (Saddoris et al. (springer.com)
- Calcium absorption may be decreased by high dietary levels of phosphate, oxalate (in rhubarb and certain leafy green vegetables), or phytate compounds in fiber . (healthychildren.org)
- The body uses small amounts of phosphate to help maintain tissue health and to balance the fluids in our body. (earthturns.com)
- Restriction of dietary phosphorus is necessary to control for phosphate balance during both conservative therapy and dialysis treatment. (biomedsearch.com)
- Phosphorus in the form of phosphate additives is found in foods such as colas and some other bottled or canned beverages, processed meat and cheese, instant puddings and sauces and many highly processed foods. (davita.com)
- Phosphorus is an essential mineral that is usually found in nature combined with oxygen as phosphate. (kaiserpermanente.org)
- Small amounts of phosphate play important roles in numerous biochemical reactions throughout the body. (kaiserpermanente.org)
- The authors of this study recommend that, for elderly people, at least some of the supplemental calcium be taken in the form of tricalcium phosphate or some other phosphorus-containing preparation. (kaiserpermanente.org)
- When dietary restriction alone is not sufficient to control the elevated blood phosphate levels, aluminum hydroxide is used to reduce the amount of phosphorus absorbed from the intestines. (vcahospitals.com)
- Phosphate is an intracellular ion and is derived from salt of phosphorus. (diethealthclub.com)
- Phosphate supplements are given to those who are unable to get enough phosphorus from their regular diet due to some disease or illness. (diethealthclub.com)
- Phosphorus and phosphate supplements should be taken in recommended amounts under the guidance and supervision of a health care professional as it has to be monitored carefully and may even interact with certain drugs, herbal or dietary supplements. (diethealthclub.com)
- Calcitriol allows absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the gut, primarily in the small intestine, and maintains the body's balance of calcium and phosphate through the kidney and bone. (faqs.org)
- Therefore, dietary counseling of patients with CKD must include information on not only the amount of phosphate but also the source of protein from which the phosphate derives. (asnjournals.org)
- In theory, a low phosphate diet and/or the administration of phosphate binders to individuals with CKD stages 3 and 4, even in the setting of normal serum phosphorus levels, may prevent the development of these abnormalities ( 4 - 7 ). (asnjournals.org)
- However, there are no human clinical trials that have clearly demonstrated that lowering dietary phosphate absorption in patients with normal phosphorus levels can prevent hyperparathyroidism or elevations in FGF23. (asnjournals.org)
- Unfortunately, dietary restriction of phosphate is difficult because of the high phosphate content of the typical Western diet from dairy products and protein sources. (asnjournals.org)
- The purpose of the study presented here is to determine if the dietary protein source of phosphate influences phosphorus metabolism and hormonal changes in humans because this would affect dietary recommendations. (asnjournals.org)
- Emerging educational initiatives include food labeling using a "traffic light" scheme, motivational interviewing techniques, and the Phosphate Education Program - whereby patients no longer have to memorize the phosphorus content of each individual food component, but only a "phosphorus unit" value for a limited number of food groups. (ebscohost.com)
- Introduction and objectives: The use of phosphate additives in meat and fish processing leads to a phosphorus overload that we cannot quantify through labelling or food composition tables. (ebscohost.com)
- The amount of phosphate group in starch differs with potato cultivar. (go.jp)
- Just one serving of macadamias provides 58 percent of your dietary requirement for manganese and 23 percent of the recommended daily value of vitamin B1. (mercola.com)
- An ounce of garlic contains 23 percent of the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of manganese, 17 percent of the RDA of vitamin B6, 15 percent of the RDA of vitamin C, six percent of the RDA of selenium, and 0.6 grams of fiber. (naturalnews.com)
- Corn contains a fair amount of fiber. (healthline.com)
- A serving of 10 to 12 macadamia nuts contains 2.4 g of dietary fiber, which represents about 10 percent of your daily fiber requirement. (mercola.com)
- For healthy dogs, the calcium, vitamin K and dietary fiber provided by apples makes them a good nutritional choice. (reference.com)
- Moreover, a University of California, Davis, study found beer provides both dietary fiber and prebiotics, non-digestible carbohydrates that act as food for probiotics and thus help to improve gut health. (foodandwine.com)
- seeds produced in Côte d'Ivoire shows a 19% content of protein, containing all the essential amino acids with tryptophan as the limiting amino acid, a total dietary fiber level of 10%, with a low soluble fraction content, and a fat content of 1.4%, with a high proportion of total unsaturated fatty acids (61%) of which 36% were n-6 fatty acids. (mdpi.com)
- Mediterranean diet which is rich in dietary fiber, monounsaturated fatty acids, omega fatty acids and antioxidants help prevent coronary artery disease and strokes by favoring healthy blood lipid profile. (gardenvisit.com)
- Dried figs are high in dietary fiber . (hubpages.com)
- The flesh is juicy, with soft fibrils rich in dietary fiber. (hubpages.com)
- Dietary fiber helps your body maintain gastrointestinal regularity, promotes stable blood sugar, and maintains healthy cholesterol levels (Mayo Clinic, 2015). (nuts.com)
- Dietary fiber present in it promotes regular bowel function, delays nutrient absorption which helps in maintaining blood sugar levels and blood cholesterol levels. (onlymyhealth.com)
- Dietary fiber also works for weight loss by trapping the extra fat and providing a feeling of fullness. (onlymyhealth.com)
- Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/332586-nutrition-facts-for-glutinous-rice/#ixzz1aQtoFmyj A 1-cup serving of cooked glutinous white rice contains 169 calories, 36.7 g of carbohydrate, 3.5 g of protein, 1.7 g of fiber, 0.3 g of fat, 9 mg of sodium, a negligible amount of saturated fat and no cholesterol, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Nutrient Database. (answers.com)
- Restriction of dietary protein has been demonstrated to slow the rate of progression of renal damage in rats and people. (ucdavis.edu)
- In dogs, dietary phosphorus restriction has been shown to slow the progression of renal failure. (ucdavis.edu)
- Restriction of dietary phosphorus is a major aspect of patient care in those with renal disease. (biomedsearch.com)
- Specifically, in seven healthy men in whom restriction of dietary phosphorus had doubled their serum concentration of 1,25(OH)2D, we induced metabolic acidosis of moderate severity with oral NH4Cl, administered for 7 days. (physiology.org)
- With induction of acidosis, the serum concentration of 1,25(OH)2D decreased sharply and remained decreased and near constant throughout the period of acidosis, the decrease amounting to one-half of the increment induced by phosphorus restriction alone. (physiology.org)
- These data demonstrate in humans that metabolic acidosis can substantially reverse the increase in serum concentration of 1,25(OH)2D induced by phosphorus restriction. (physiology.org)
- Phosphorus binders are associated with a clear survival advantage in CKD patients, overcome the limitations associated with dietary phosphorus restriction, and permit a more flexible approach to achieving normalization of phosphorus levels. (ebscohost.com)
- Institute of Medicine (US) Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes. (nih.gov)
- This is the same level recommended by the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for a healthy diet for normal adults. (davita.com)
- However, the disease occurs among older toddlers and children in these countries, which in these circumstances is attributed to low dietary calcium intakes due to a mainly cereal-based diet. (wikipedia.org)
- Nitrogen and phosphorus losses can be managed through improving the accuracy and digestibility of the diet and reducing feed waste. (msu.edu)
- Nitrogen is a component of dietary protein and is essential in cattle diets. (msu.edu)
- Nutritionists should have feeds analyzed for composition routinely (monthly or whenever there is a change), especially forages and by-product feeds in which phosphorus and nitrogen concentrations can vary greatly. (msu.edu)
- One way to evaluate status and adequacy of dietary protein nutrition is to monitor milk urea nitrogen (MUN) concentrations. (msu.edu)
- Using a combination of strategies to improve formulation and feeding accuracy, feed digestibility and production will conserve nitrogen and phosphorus. (msu.edu)
- Blood meal is different from bone meal in that blood meal contains a higher amount of nitrogen, while bone meal contains phosphorus. (wikipedia.org)
- What can producers do to reduce the nitrogen and phosphorus that is excreted in livestock manure? (umn.edu)
- They estimated that if just 5% of feed is wasted, a net income loss of $1.77/pig depending on the market can result and an additional 327 grams of nitrogen and 82 grams of phosphorus is excreted per pig. (umn.edu)
- Therefore, while it is important that all animals are supplied sufficient amounts of each needed nutrient, it is also critical that producers do not grossly over-supply nitrogen and phosphorus in the diet. (umn.edu)
- Phosphorus and nitrogen-containing protein are well recognized as essential components to dairy cattle feed. (farmanddairy.com)
- Additionally, 50 percent of the nitrogen and 60 percent of the phosphorus that Pennsylvania contributes to the Chesapeake Bay comes from agriculture. (farmanddairy.com)
- Significantly, Pennsylvania has agreed to reduce 37 million pounds of nitrogen and 1.3 million pounds of phosphorus to the Chesapeake Bay annually. (farmanddairy.com)
- These diet modifications could reduce nitrogen by 30 percent to 50 percent and phosphorus by 40 percent to 60 percent. (farmanddairy.com)
- Animals should be fed their nutrient requirements, especially nitrogen and phosphorus. (farmanddairy.com)
- University of Pennsylvania veterinarian Jim Ferguson illustrated the effects of phosphorus and nitrogen in dairy cow fertility. (farmanddairy.com)
- An excess of nitrogen results in rumen degradable protein above the amount needed for rumen synthesis of microbial protein. (farmanddairy.com)
- Sevelamer is used to control high blood levels of phosphorus in people with chronic kidney disease who are on dialysis (medical treatment to clean the blood when the kidneys are not working properly). (medlineplus.gov)
- Phosphorus, the second most abundant mineral in your body, helps build strong teeth and bones, filters out waste in the kidneys and helps your body store and use energy, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. (livestrong.com)
- The consumption of diets containing reduced protein levels decrease the amount of nitrogenous waste delivered to the kidneys for excretion in the urine. (ucdavis.edu)
- One of the first alterations in mineral status that occurs with renal disease is phosphorus retention by the kidneys and this is manifested as elevated phosphorus concentrations in the blood (referred to as hyperphosphatemia). (ucdavis.edu)
- Excess phosphorus is excreted by healthy kidneys. (davita.com)
- Phosphorus helps filter out waste in the kidneys and plays an essential role in how the body stores and uses energy. (encognitive.com)
- Normally, the kidneys filter out any excess phosphorus from the body, but when the kidneys are failing, phosphorus will accumulate in the blood. (vcahospitals.com)
- Phosphorus is an important mineral that makes to 1% of our total body weight and plays vital functions in the body like maintaining calcium balance, energy metabolism and storage, buffer body fluids, formation of healthy bones, teeth and soft tissues (85% of body phosphorus is found in bones and teeth), proper muscle and nerve function and hydrogen ion excretion from kidneys. (diethealthclub.com)
Recommended Dietary Allowances1
- Metabolic acidosis induced a modest increase in the concentrations of blood ionized calcium and serum phosphorus. (physiology.org)
- 0.001), but not with those of blood ionized calcium or serum phosphorus. (physiology.org)
- Results The results indicated that 1 week of a vegetarian diet led to lower serum phosphorus levels and decreased FGF23 levels. (asnjournals.org)
- Objectives: This review explores the challenges and solutions in educating patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) to lower serum phosphorus while avoiding protein insufficiency and hypercalcemia. (ebscohost.com)
- Needs of kids with chronic kidney disease often include dietary changes. (rchsd.org)
- 1 Chronic alcoholics may become deficient in phosphorus. (kaiserpermanente.org)
- Background and objectives Patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) are in positive phosphorus balance, but phosphorus levels are maintained in the normal range through phosphaturia induced by increases in fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) and parathyroid hormone (PTH). (asnjournals.org)
- MUN is a general indicator of amount of dietary protein fed in excess of requirement or dietary protein with poor amino acid profile or quality. (msu.edu)
- You are unlikely to consume excess from dietary sources but a deficiency could appear to look like diabetes. (fitday.com)
- Excess amount can cause an enlarged liver, skin coloring, diabetes and internal damage. (fitday.com)
- It is rare to have a deficiency or consume excess from dietary sources. (fitday.com)
- On the other hand in conditions like compromised kidney function there might be serious electrolyte imbalances due to excess phosphorus levels in blood. (diethealthclub.com)
- N and P excretion can be better managed by getting the proper nutrient amounts into cows at the proper stages of their production cycle. (vt.edu)
- This allows the cow's requirements to be met with a reduced dietary N content, reducing N excretion. (vt.edu)
- Urine protein excretion was not significantly affected by dietary amount of either protein or P, when measured by either timed urine collection or urine protein-to-creatinine ratio. (nih.gov)
- At high P supply, P absorption and excretion will continue to increase, while P retention will reach a plateau at certain amounts (Rodehutscord et al. (springer.com)
- Nutrient losses can be managed through improving the accuracy of the diet offered, improving digestibility of the diet consumed (thus reducing manure excretion) and reducing the amount of feed waste. (msu.edu)
- Finally, the 24-hour fractional excretion of phosphorus was highly correlated to a 2-hour fasting urine collection for the vegetarian diet but not the meat diet. (asnjournals.org)
- The damaged kidney is unable to fully excrete a phosphorus load, which leads to compensatory secondary hyperparathyroidism and elevations in fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) in an attempt to increase urinary phosphorus excretion to maintain phosphorus balance ( 1 , 2 ). (asnjournals.org)
- In the absence of high dietary concentrations of calcium and certain other cations with which fluoride may form insoluble and poorly absorbed compounds, 80 percent or more is typically absorbed. (nih.gov)
- High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. (bioportfolio.com)
- Low concentrations of dietary phosphorus cause an increase in calcitriol in the blood and osteoporosis. (bioportfolio.com)
- One goal in the management of renal disease is to normalize blood phosphorus concentrations. (ucdavis.edu)
- Phosphorus used in foods or obtained from food. (bioportfolio.com)
- It binds phosphorus that you get from foods in your diet and prevents it from being absorbed into your blood stream. (medlineplus.gov)
- d) Choose foods with less phosphorus. (ihs.gov)
- Phosphorus is in almost all animal and vegetable foods and is often found in foods that contain calcium. (healthychildren.org)
- If you're deficient in phosphorus , ask your doctor about taking a phosphorous supplement or phosphorus tablets especially if you are unable to source it from natural foods. (earthturns.com)
- Calcium absorption depends upon the calcium needs of the body, the food eaten and the amount of calcium in the foods eaten. (stylecraze.com)
- Your dietitian will provide guidelines for including these healthy phosphorus-containing foods in your meal plan. (davita.com)
- Various amounts of calcium can be found in dairy products, dark leafy vegetables, beans/lentils, tofu, almonds/almond butter, and fortified foods/beverages. (fosters.com)
- Phosphorus is highest in protein-rich foods and cereal grains. (kaiserpermanente.org)
- In addition, phosphorus additives are used in many soft drinks and packaged foods. (kaiserpermanente.org)
- Mary Ellen Posthauer RDN, CD, LD, FAND is an award winning dietitian, consultant for MEP Healthcare Dietary Services, published author, and member of the Purdue University Hall of Fame, Department of Foods and Nutrition, having held positions on numerous boards and panels including the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel and the American Dietetic Association's Unintentional Weight Loss work group. (woundsource.com)
- A person with kidney disease requiring diet modification must change one's diet by discontinuing the use of some foods and adjusting the amount of others. (vitaminsdiary.com)
- Magnesium is a key mineral in human metabolism, and found in small to medium amounts in many of the World's Healthiest Foods. (whfoods.com)
Reducing phosphorus absorption1
Protein and phosphorus1
- The bottom line is degradable and undegradable protein should be balanced with adequate rumen-available energy in order to maximize the amount of microbial protein produced. (vt.edu)
- When your body does not absorb an adequate amount of any of the micronutrients, diseases can occur. (medicinenet.com)
- AIs meet or exceed the amount needed to maintain an adequate nutritional state in nearly everyone of a specific age and gender group. (medicinenet.com)
- Another contributor is phosphorus, which is mainly supplied by meat and dairy products. (viva.org.uk)
- Dietary iron is found primarily in meat and non-heme iron is in vegetables and fortified cereals. (woundsource.com)
- In particular, reduced consumption of meat, and especially beef, in countries with large phosphorus footprints could put a big dent in demand for mined phosphorus - since it takes many kilograms of feed, which is fertilized, to produce a kilogram of meat. (healthcanal.com)
- Meat and poultry contain 10 - 20 times as much phosphorus as calcium, and carbonated beverages such as colas have as much as 500 mg of phosphorus in one serving. (encognitive.com)
- Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia. (bioportfolio.com)
- Calcium deficiency is a condition resulting from inadequate amounts of calcium in the body. (stylecraze.com)
- The most important cause of dietary calcium deficiency is failure to consume optimum amounts of calcium in your daily diet. (stylecraze.com)
- 5 Ingestion of excessive amounts of aluminum-containing antacids (such as Di-Gel, Riopan, Maalox, or Mylanta) can cause phosphorus deficiency. (kaiserpermanente.org)
- Your doctor may instruct you to follow a low-phosphorus diet. (medlineplus.gov)
- The NRC model also considers the amount of ruminal energy that is available when calculating the microbial protein produced by a given diet. (vt.edu)
- and 32% protein and 1.4% phosphorus--diet 4. (nih.gov)
- Results suggest that a diet containing low phosphorus and calcium levels might be useful to improve resource efficiency and to reduce phosphorus losses along the agricultural value chain. (springer.com)
- Too much protein in the diet may increase the amount of calcium excreted in the urine and decrease the amount available for building bones. (healthychildren.org)
- If you must avoid whole-grain bread in your diet, you may wish to explore other dietary options. (livestrong.com)
- Hypocalcemia is not caused due to insufficient amount of calcium in your diet. (stylecraze.com)
- Diet influences the acid-alkali balance in the body and dietary data can be used as an estimate for endogenous acid production - ie the amount of acid produced in the body as a result of the food eaten. (viva.org.uk)
- Seniors with low phosphorus levels in their diet may want to take supplemental calcium in a phosphorus-containing preparation. (kaiserpermanente.org)
- A well balanced diet must give your body both the required amount of protein for tissue growth and repair as well as enough calories for your energy needs. (vitaminsdiary.com)
- Excessive amounts of salt in the diet result in the retention of too much water. (vitaminsdiary.com)
- This new study sheds more light, in particular, on how diet choices have affected the intensity of phosphorus use around the world. (healthcanal.com)
- Our results demonstrate that changes in diet can be a significant part of the strategy for enhancing sustainability of phosphorus management," says lead author Geneviève Metson, a doctoral student in McGill's Department of Natural Resource Sciences. (healthcanal.com)
- Metson and her co-authors, Prof. Elena M. Bennett of the McGill School of the Environment and Arizona State University Prof. James J. Elser, computed phosphorus-footprint values based on annual country-by-country diet composition data from the Food and Agriculture Organization. (healthcanal.com)
- The authors also examined the statistical relationship between economic development and phosphorus-footprint values, and developed scenarios to consider the relative importance of diet changes. (healthcanal.com)
- Nutritionists recommend a balance of calcium and phosphorus in the diet. (encognitive.com)
- The typical Western diet, however, contains roughly 2 - 4 times more phosphorus than calcium. (encognitive.com)
- In some cases, phosphorus levels can be controlled through the use of a special diet formulated for kidney disease. (vcahospitals.com)
- Spears (1996) found that the typical diet for North Carolina finishers contained 0.40 to 0.70% total dietary phosphorus. (umn.edu)
- Phosphorus is another essential dietary mineral, but is so abundant in the diet that it does not need to be included in an MVM formula. (evitamins.com)
- Results: Hyperphosphatemia is a strong predictor of mortality in advanced CKD and is remediated via diet, phosphorus binders, and dialysis. (ebscohost.com)
- Free fatty acids in serum were significantly lowered by dietary HK starch compared with control, and serum triglyceride in rats fed the HK diet was also decreased. (go.jp)
- With fewer dietary and fluid restrictions, peritoneal dialysis can mean more lifestyle flexibility, and children tend to grow better. (rchsd.org)
- My meal plan is evolving as I am now also on dialysis, which has a whole other set of dietary guidelines, in some cases almost exactly opposite of what a person with diabetes needs. (diabeticconnect.com)
- Using a processor on corn silage and grinding concentrate feeds can greatly increase the amount of feed digested and therefore reduce nutrient loss. (msu.edu)
- As milk production increases, dietary nutrient requirements increase at a slower rate, thereby increasing nutrient utilization efficiency per unit of milk produced. (msu.edu)
- Animals are only able to utilize a certain amount of any given nutrient for maintenance and productive purposes. (umn.edu)
- generally they indicate the amount of a particular nutrient that is needed to avoid nutritional diseases. (answers.com)