Embolism, Amniotic Fluid: Blocking of maternal circulation by AMNIOTIC FLUID that is forced into uterine VEINS by strong UTERINE CONTRACTION near the end of pregnancy. It is characterized by the sudden onset of severe respiratory distress and HYPOTENSION that can lead to maternal DEATH.Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation: A disorder characterized by procoagulant substances entering the general circulation causing a systemic thrombotic process. The activation of the clotting mechanism may arise from any of a number of disorders. A majority of the patients manifest skin lesions, sometimes leading to PURPURA FULMINANS.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.NewsNewspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Truth Disclosure: Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).Journalism, Medical: The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Journalism: The collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through such media as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, television, and books. While originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, with the advent of radio and television the use of the term has broadened to include all printed and electronic communication dealing with current affairs.United StatesPublic Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Biocompatible Materials: Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)Electric Power Supplies: Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Bioelectric Energy Sources: Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.Telecommunications: Transmission of information over distances via electronic means.Public Housing: Housing subsidized by tax funds, usually intended for low income persons or families.Cariogenic Agents: Substances that promote DENTAL CARIES.Victoria: A state in southeastern Australia, the southernmost state. Its capital is Melbourne. It was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook and first settled by immigrants from Tasmania. In 1851 it was separated from New South Wales as a separate colony. Self-government was introduced in 1851; it became a state in 1901. It was named for Queen Victoria in 1851. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1295 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p574)Body Image: Individuals' concept of their own bodies.GlobulinsSpecialization: An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.Medicine: The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.Serum Globulins: All blood proteins except albumin ( = SERUM ALBUMIN, which is not a globulin) and FIBRINOGEN (which is not in the serum). The serum globulins are subdivided into ALPHA-GLOBULINS; BETA-GLOBULINS; and GAMMA-GLOBULINS on the basis of their electrophoretic mobilities. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Sexuality: The sexual functions, activities, attitudes, and orientations of an individual. Sexuality, male or female, becomes evident at PUBERTY under the influence of gonadal steroids (TESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL), and social effects.Love: Affection; in psychiatry commonly refers to pleasure, particularly as it applies to gratifying experiences between individuals.Sexual Partners: Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine: A medical specialty concerned with the use of physical agents, mechanical apparatus, and manipulation in rehabilitating physically diseased or injured patients.Amniotic Fluid: A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).Stem Cells: Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.Stem Cell Transplantation: The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.AustriaEmbryonic Stem Cells: Cells derived from the BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS which forms before implantation in the uterine wall. They retain the ability to divide, proliferate and provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.Amnion: The innermost membranous sac that surrounds and protects the developing embryo which is bathed in the AMNIOTIC FLUID. Amnion cells are secretory EPITHELIAL CELLS and contribute to the amniotic fluid.MARVEL Domain Containing 2 Protein: A tight junction-associated MARVEL protein that may play a role in separating the endolymphatic and perilymphatic spaces of the ORGAN OF CORTI. Defects in the gene that codes for MARVELD2 protein are a cause of deafness autosomal recessive type 49.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Pluripotent Stem Cells: Cells that can give rise to cells of the three different GERM LAYERS.Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells: Cells from adult organisms that have been reprogrammed into a pluripotential state similar to that of EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS.Extraembryonic Membranes: The thin layers of tissue that surround the developing embryo. There are four extra-embryonic membranes commonly found in VERTEBRATES, such as REPTILES; BIRDS; and MAMMALS. They are the YOLK SAC, the ALLANTOIS, the AMNION, and the CHORION. These membranes provide protection and means to transport nutrients and wastes.Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture: Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.Neurosyphilis: Infections of the central nervous system caused by TREPONEMA PALLIDUM which present with a variety of clinical syndromes. The initial phase of infection usually causes a mild or asymptomatic meningeal reaction. The meningovascular form may present acutely as BRAIN INFARCTION. The infection may also remain subclinical for several years. Late syndromes include general paresis; TABES DORSALIS; meningeal syphilis; syphilitic OPTIC ATROPHY; and spinal syphilis. General paresis is characterized by progressive DEMENTIA; DYSARTHRIA; TREMOR; MYOCLONUS; SEIZURES; and Argyll-Robertson pupils. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp722-8)Chorion: The outermost extra-embryonic membrane surrounding the developing embryo. In REPTILES and BIRDS, it adheres to the shell and allows exchange of gases between the egg and its environment. In MAMMALS, the chorion evolves into the fetal contribution of the PLACENTA.Labor, Obstetric: The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Placenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).Labor Onset: The beginning of true OBSTETRIC LABOR which is characterized by the cyclic uterine contractions of increasing frequency, duration, and strength causing CERVICAL DILATATION to begin (LABOR STAGE, FIRST ).Decidua: The hormone-responsive glandular layer of ENDOMETRIUM that sloughs off at each menstrual flow (decidua menstrualis) or at the termination of pregnancy. During pregnancy, the thickest part of the decidua forms the maternal portion of the PLACENTA, thus named decidua placentalis. The thin portion of the decidua covering the rest of the embryo is the decidua capsularis.

Prenatal diagnosis of a lean umbilical cord: a simple marker for the fetus at risk of being small for gestational age at birth. (1/1267)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the prenatal diagnosis of a 'lean' umbilical cord in otherwise normal fetuses identifies fetuses at risk of being small for gestational age (SGA) at birth and of having distress in labor. The umbilical cord was defined as lean when its cross-sectional area on ultrasound examination was below the 10th centile for gestational age. METHOD: Pregnant women undergoing routine sonographic examination were included in the study. Inclusion criteria were gestational age greater than 20 weeks, intact membranes, and singleton gestation. The sonographic cross-sectional area of the umbilical cord was measured in a plane adjacent to the insertion into the fetal abdomen. Umbilical artery Doppler waveforms were recorded during fetal apnea and fetal anthropometric parameters were measured. RESULTS: During the study period, 860 patients met the inclusion criteria, of whom 3.6% delivered a SGA infant. The proportion of SGA infants was higher among fetuses who had a lean umbilical cord on ultrasound examination than among those with a normal umbilical cord (11.5% vs. 2.6%, p < 0.05). Fetuses with a lean cord had a risk 4.4-fold higher of being SGA at birth than those with a normal umbilical cord. After 25 weeks of gestation, this risk was 12.4 times higher when the umbilical cord was lean than when it was of normal size. The proportion of fetuses with meconium-stained amniotic fluid at delivery was higher among fetuses with a lean cord than among those with a normal umbilical cord (14.6% vs. 3.1%, p < 0.001). The proportion of infants who had a 5-min Apgar score < 7 was higher among those who had a lean cord than among those with normal umbilical cord (5.2% vs. 1.3%, p < 0.05). Considering only patients admitted in labor with intact membranes and who delivered an appropriate-for-gestational-age infant, the proportion of fetuses who had oligohydramnios at the time of delivery was higher among those who had a lean cord than among those with a normal umbilical cord (17.6% versus 1.3%, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: We conclude that fetuses with a lean umbilical cord have an increased risk of being small for gestational age at birth and of having signs of distress at the time of delivery.  (+info)

The 'Mickey Mouse' sign and the diagnosis of anencephaly in early pregnancy. (2/1267)

OBJECTIVES: To assess the sonographic screening for anencephaly in the first trimester in a low-risk obstetric population. METHODS: Since 1994, 5388 women attended our clinic for a first-trimester scan (11-14 weeks of gestation) and screening for structural and chromosomal abnormalities. The patients underwent transabdominal scanning, and transvaginal scanning if necessary. RESULTS: The ultrasonographic appearances of anencephaly in the first trimester are different from the familiar second-trimester signs. The cerebral hemispheres are present and exposed to the surrounding amniotic fluid. The ultrasound appearances in the coronal section of the head are best described as 'Mickey Mouse face'. There were six cases of anencephaly (incidence 1.1:1000). All cases were diagnosed in the first trimester and five demonstrated this sign. There were no false-positive diagnoses. The crown-rump length was significantly reduced in all affected fetuses. CONCLUSION: First-trimester ultrasonographic diagnosis of anencephaly is accurate, but sonographers should be familiar with the ultrasound appearances that are different from those in the second trimester.  (+info)

Adrenomedullin production is increased in normal human pregnancy. (3/1267)

OBJECTIVE: Adrenomedullin, a recently discovered vasoactive peptide originally identified in pheochromocytoma, has been found to be increased in the plasma of pregnant women at term. This study was designed to elucidate whether adrenomedullin secretion is dependent on gestational age and the possible source and function of this peptide in human pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Adrenomedullin concentrations were determined by RIA in amniotic fluid and maternal plasma obtained from 110 pregnant women between 8 and 40 weeks of gestation. Subjects were stratified into five groups according to gestational age. In term patients (n = 15), adrenomedullin was also measured in the umbilical artery and vein separately. RESULTS: High concentrations of adrenomedullin were present in plasma and amniotic fluid samples from patients in the first, second and third trimester. There was no significant difference in mean maternal plasma concentration of adrenomedullin between the five patient groupings. Amniotic fluid adrenomedullin concentrations decreased from 81.2 +/- 11.7 pg/ml at 8-12 weeks of gestation to 63.7 +/- 6.0 pg/ml at 13-20 weeks of gestation and then increased at 21-28 weeks of gestation to 99.1 +/- 10.4 pg/ml. A further increase was found in samples collected after 37 weeks of gestation (132.6 +/- 10.1 pg/ml). In the umbilical vein, adrenomedullin concentration was higher (P < 0.05) than in the artery (65.7 +/- 6.1 pg/ml and 48.5 +/- 5.2 pg/ml respectively), suggesting that adrenomedullin in the fetal circulation derives from the placenta. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate the presence of adrenomedullin in maternal plasma and amniotic fluid throughout gestation, and show that its production starts very early in gestation, suggesting that this hormone may have an important role in human reproduction, from implantation to delivery.  (+info)

Amniotic fluid concentrations of dimeric inhibins, activin A and follistatin in pregnancy. (4/1267)

OBJECTIVE: The feto-placental unit is the major source of circulating concentrations of inhibin A and activin A in human pregnancy. The aim of this study was to measure the amniotic fluid concentrations of inhibin A, inhibin B, activin A and follistatin in pregnancies bearing male and female fetuses. DESIGN AND METHOD: Amniotic fluid samples collected by amniocentesis were stored at -20 degrees C. Dimeric inhibins, 'total' activin A and 'total' follistatin were measured using specific two-site enzyme immunoassays. Samples were assayed blindly and the information on fetal sex was obtained from the cytogenetics laboratory. RESULTS: Data show that amniotic fluid concentrations of inhibin A, inhibin B and activin A gradually increase with gestation whilst concentrations of follistatin are similar between weeks 15 and 20 of pregnancy. Mean amniotic fluid levels of inhibin A and inhibin B at 16 and 17 weeks gestation and mean activin A levels at 15 and 16 weeks gestation are considerably lower in pregnancies with male (n=24) compared with female (n=28) fetuses. Levels of follistatin are not different in the male and female fetal pregnancies at any studied gestation. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that amniotic fluid contains high concentrations of inhibins (A and B), activin A and follistatin in early pregnancy suggesting that these hormones are produced by the fetal membranes and may be involved in the development of the fetus.  (+info)

SMN protein analysis in fibroblast, amniocyte and CVS cultures from spinal muscular atrophy patients and its relevance for diagnosis. (5/1267)

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder caused by the homozygous absence of the telomeric copy of the survival motor neuron (SMNt) gene, due to deletion, gene conversion or point mutation. SMNt and its homologous centromeric copy (SMNc) encode the SMN protein, which is diffusely present in the cytoplasm and in dot-like structures, called gems, in the nucleus. We have studied the SMN protein in different cell cultures, including fibroblasts, amniocytes and CVS cells from SMA individuals and controls. By immunofluorescence analysis we found a marked reduction in the number of gems in fibroblasts, amniocytes and chorionic villus cells of all SMA patients and foetuses, independent of the type of the genetic defect. We also show that immunolocalisation of the SMN protein may be a useful tool for the characterisation of particular patients of uncertain molecular diagnosis.  (+info)

Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor concentration increases in amniotic fluid with the onset of labour in women: characterization of sites of release within the uterus. (6/1267)

Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor is a potent inhibitor of neutrophil function, a mediator of mucosal immunity and an inhibitor of NF|gkB regulated inflammatory responses. However, its source, function and regulation within the uterus during pregnancy and at parturition are not well defined. In amniotic fluid, the concentration of secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor increased significantly from 2nd trimester (24+/-3 ng/ml; mean+/-s.e.m.; n=20) to term (751+/-53 ng/ml; P<0.05; n=15) with a further profound increase (P<0.005) with the onset of labour (3929+/-1076 ng/ml; n=15). To establish the intra-uterine sites of secretion, explants (n=6 different patients per tissue) were collected at term after elective caesarean section. High levels of secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor were released by decidua (135.2+/-12.4 pg/mg; mean+/-s.e.m.) and chorio-decidua (325.1+/-26.4 pg/mg) with less by amnion (55.6+/-6.0 pg/mg) and placenta (9.2+/-1.9 pg/mg). Intense immunoreactivity for secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor was detected predominantly in decidua parietalis cells adherent to the chorion laeve and myometrium, and also in decidua basalis. We propose that, within the pregnant uterus, secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor is released by decidua, fetal membranes and potentially the fetal lung. The increase in secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor may act to modulate pro-inflammatory paracrine interactions for the maintenance of pregnancy and limit those occurring at parturition within the uterus.  (+info)

Secretion of matrix metalloproteinase-2, matrix metalloproteinase-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases into the intrauterine compartments during early pregnancy. (7/1267)

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are important enzymes in tissue remodelling, a key event for the development of the fetal membranes and placenta and establishing the feto-maternal interface during early pregnancy. This study has examined the secretion of the gelatinases, MMP-2 (72 kDa) and MMP-9 (92 kDa), and the endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) into extra-embryonic coelomic and amniotic fluids, the two principal intra-uterine compartments of the first trimester, and compared them to amniotic fluid collected later in gestation. In extra-embryonic coelomic fluid, gelatin zymography demonstrated that MMP-2 (72 kDa) was the predominant gelatinase, with some MMP-9 present. A broad range of TIMPs corresponding to TIMP-1 and TIMP-2, glycosylated and unglycosylated TIMP-3 and TIMP-4 was detected in this compartment by reverse zymography and immunoblot analyses. There was little gelatinase or TIMP activity in amniotic fluid in the first trimester. In amniotic fluid from the second trimester after fusion of the membranes obliterating the extra-embryonic coelom, and at term elective caesarean section, MMP-2 is the predominant gelatinase present, with a broad spectrum of TIMPs. These findings demonstrate that predominantly MMP-2 and also MMP-9, regulated by a range of TIMPs, are involved in intra-uterine tissue remodelling during the establishment of pregnancy.  (+info)

Vascular endothelial growth factor is bound in amniotic fluid and maternal serum. (8/1267)

To study vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and placenta growth factor (PlGF) concentrations and their possible binders, serum from 22 non-pregnant and 55 pregnant women (15 at weeks 10-13; 40 at term), umbilical vein (n = 24) and artery (n = 13) and amniotic fluid (a pool of 50 at weeks 15-17; 11 at term) were assessed for VEGF and PlGF by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In amniotic fluid and maternal serum VEGF concentrations were <16 ng/ml and added VEGF was not recovered. VEGF was detected in serum from mothers post-partum (137 +/- 142 ng/l, mean +/- SD), umbilical artery (421 +/- 288 ng/l) and vein (502 +/- 339 ng/l) and non-pregnant controls (182 +/- 147 ng/l), and added VEGF was fully recovered. PlGF was detected in pregnancy serum (52 +/- 23 ng/l early pregnancy; 439 +/- 217 ng/l term pregnancy) and in amniotic fluid (early pregnancy 56 ng/l; term pregnancy 30 +/- 18 ng/l). PlGF was fully recovered in all samples. Gel filtration and isoelectric focusing revealed that in maternal serum and amniotic fluid [125I]VEGF was bound to a protein with an Mr of 400-700 kDa and an isoelectric point of approximately 8. This protein was not identical with alpha-2-macroglobulin (by an immunofluorometric assay), pregnancy zone protein or pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (by immunodiffusion). In conclusion, VEGF-binding activity is present in amniotic fluid and maternal blood. It disappears after delivery and is not detectable in fetal or non-pregnant serum.  (+info)

*Disseminated intravascular coagulation

The onset of DIC can be sudden, as in endotoxic shock or amniotic fluid embolism, or it may be insidious and chronic, as in ... amniotic fluid embolism, retained intrauterine fetal demise, septic abortion, post partum haemorrhage Massive tissue injury: ...

*Amniotic fluid

... connected with amniotic fluid is amniotic fluid embolism. Recent studies show that amniotic fluid contains a considerable ... Amniotic fluid, also known as Camerons fluid is present from the formation of the gestational sac. Amniotic fluid is in the ... The amniotic fluid is the protective liquid contained by the amniotic sac of a gravid Amniote. This fluid serves as a cushion ... Swallowed amniotic fluid creates urine and contributes to the formation of meconium. Amniotic fluid protects the developing ...

*Amniotic fluid index

... (AFI) is a quantitative estimate of amniotic fluid and an indicator of fetal well-being. It is a part of ... and it can lead to low levels of amniotic fluid. Maternal complications Maternal complications may cause low amniotic fluid. ... www.fetalanomalies.org/Fluid.html Griffin M, Attilakos G, Greenwood R, Denbow M (2009). "Amniotic fluid index in low-risk, post ... AFI is the score (expressed in cm) given to the amount of amniotic fluid seen on ultrasonography of a pregnant uterus. To ...

*Amniotic fluid embolism

An amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare childbirth (obstetric) emergency in which amniotic fluid, enters the blood stream of ... Amniotic fluid embolism is very uncommon and the rate at which it occurs is 1 instance per 20,000 births. Though rare, it ... Amniotic fluid embolus: An update. Alfredo Gei, Gary D. V. Hankins: Contemp Ob/Gyn 45 (2000) Histology at University of Utah. ... The disorder occurs during the last stages of labor when amniotic fluid enters the circulatory system of the mother.[how?] Upon ...

*Nutrition and pregnancy

Beall MH; van den Wijngaard JPHM; van Gemert MJC; Ross MG (2007). "Amniotic Fluid Water Dynamics". Placenta. 28: 816-23. doi: ... from food and fluids) to 2,300 mL, or approximately 1,850 mL/ day from fluids alone Proper nutrition is important after ... approximately 2,400 mL/day from fluids. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder Prenatal nutrition Smoking and pregnancy Barasi EM ( ...

*Pulmonary embolism

A small proportion of cases are due to the embolization of air, fat, or amniotic fluid. Diagnosis is based on signs and ... Pantaleo, G; Luigi, N; Federica, T; Paola, S; Margherita, N; Tahir, M (2014). "Amniotic fluid embolism: review". Current ...

*Alan Clemetson

1967-1981 Developed a new method for measuring the bilirubin content of amniotic fluid. In collaboration with the Department of ... "Determination of bilirubin in amniotic fluid. A new, simple, and efficient method". Clinical Chemistry. 16 (3): 180-4. PMID ... 1973 "Human Uterine Fluid Potassium and the Menstrual Cycle." J Obstet Gynaecol Br Commonw. Jun;80(6):553-61. Member of the ... Clemetson CA, Verma UL, De Carlo SJ (March 1977). "Secretion and reabsorption of uterine luminal fluid in rats". Journal of ...

*Derek Enlander

1974 Sep;15(9):743-9. " "Amniotic fluid indicators of fetal maturity. Enlander D. Obstet Gynecol. 1972 Oct;40(4):605-6. " " ...

*Neonatal diabetes mellitus

For prenatal samples (only): if the amniotic fluid (non-confluent culture cells) are provided. Amniotic fluid is added and ... However, their kidneys cannot keep up, excess sugar is excreted into their urine, and this drag along fluids from the ... As a diabetic individual drinks more fluids to satisfy their thirst, he or she urinates even more. Dehydration Effected areas ...

*Urination

The fetus urinates hourly and produces most of the amniotic fluid in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. The amniotic ... "Amniotic Fluid: Not Just Fetal Urine Anymore". Journal of Perinatology. 25 (5): 341-348. doi:10.1038/sj.jp.7211290. PMID ... A plot of bladder (intravesical) pressure against the depressant of fluid in the bladder (called a cystometrogram), will show a ... "Chemical Characterization of Territorial Marking Fluid of Male Bengal Tiger, Panthera tigris". Journal of Chemical Ecology. 34 ...

*Mesenchymal stem cell

Stem cells have been identified in amniotic fluid. As many as 1 in 100 cells collected during amniocentesis has been shown to ...

*Liquid biopsy

Amniotic fluid can also be extracted and analysed. A wide variety of biomarkers may be studied to detect other diseases. For ... A liquid biopsy, also known as fluid biopsy or fluid phase biopsy, is the sampling and analysis of non-solid biological tissue ... When studying the central nervous system, cerebrospinal fluid may be sampled instead of blood. Unlike traditional biopsies, ... "Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarker and Brain Biopsy Findings in Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus". PLoS ONE. 9 (3): e91974. ...

*Edwards syndrome

Sometimes, excess amniotic fluid or polyhydramnios is exhibited. Edwards syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality characterized by ... The most common intracranial anomaly is the presence of choroid plexus cysts, which are pockets of fluid on the brain. These ...

*Prenatal and perinatal psychology

Fetuses drink amniotic fluid and urinate into it. The sense modalities of the fetus develop prenatally and are functioning very ... Breath movements can be seen from the 19th week on, with the fetus taking amniotic fluid into his lungs. Eye movements are ...

*Lecithin-sphingomyelin ratio

An amniotic fluid sample is collected via amniocentesis and the sample is spun down in a centrifuge at 1000 rpm for 3-5 minutes ... The lecithin-sphingomyelin ratio (a.k.a. L-S or L/S ratio) is a test of fetal amniotic fluid to assess for fetal lung ... As such, if a sample of amniotic fluid has a higher ratio, it indicates that there is more surfactant in the lungs and the baby ... Phosphatidylglycerol - another amniotic fluid marker of fetal lung maturity Surfactant-albumin ratio Lamellar body count Foam ...

*Fetal movement

At week 11, the fetus can open its mouth and suck its fingers; at week 12, it begins to swallow amniotic fluid. In addition to ...

*Embolus

Amniotic fluid embolism - embolism of amniotic fluid, foetal cells, hair, or other debris that enters the mother's bloodstream ... Amniotic-fluid embolism is a rare complication of childbirth. Paradoxical embolism Pulmonary embolism Kumar V.; Abbas A.K.; ...

*Stem cell

Amniotic stem cells are a topic of active research. Use of stem cells from amniotic fluid overcomes the ethical objections to ... Multipotent stem cells are also found in amniotic fluid. These stem cells are very active, expand extensively without feeders ... called amniotic stem cells "the future of medicine". It is possible to collect amniotic stem cells for donors or for ... "Biocell Center opens amniotic stem cell bank in Medford". Mass High Tech Business News. 2009-10-23. Retrieved 2012-08-26. "News ...

*Takekichi Sugai

Sugai T, Miyahara A: Leprosy bacilli in amniotic fluid. Igaku Chuoshi, 1915. Sugai T, Kawabata K: Fate of leprosy bacilli in ...

*The Garden of Earthly Delights

... a passionate couple encased in an amniotic fluid bubble; and a man inside of a red fruit staring at a mouse in a transparent ...

*PAEP

... are found in amniotic fluid, follicular fluid and seminal plasma of the reproductive system. These glycoproteins have distinct ... Bell SC, Hales MW, Patel SR, Kirwan PH, Drife JO, Milford-Ward A (Sep 1986). "Amniotic fluid concentrations of secreted ... Joshi SG, Smith RA, Stokes DK (Nov 1980). "A progestagen-dependent endometrial protein in human amniotic fluid". Journal of ...

*Olfactory memory

After birth, the smell of amniotic fluid (which was previously disgusting) becomes attractive for ewes. Amniotic fluid is one ... Newborns are initially attracted to their own amniotic fluid because that odor is familiar. Although exposure to amniotic fluid ... allow her to be attracted to any newborn lamb associated with that amniotic fluid. The amniotic fluid produces olfactory cues, ... For example, babies would more often suck from a breast treated with an amount of their own amniotic fluid, rather than the ...

*Fusobacterium nucleatum

Hitti J, Hillier SL, Agnew KJ, Krohn MA, Reisner DP, Eschenbach DA (2001). "Vaginal indicators of amniotic fluid infection in ... In many studies, F. nucleatum cells have been isolated from the amniotic fluid, placenta, and chorioamnionic membranes of women ...

*Placental microbiome

A 1927 study demonstrated the presence of bacteria in the amniotic fluid of those that were in labor for longer than six hours ... While bacteria are often found in the amniotic fluid of failed pregnancies, they are also found in particulate matter that is ... Hitti J, Hillier SL, Agnew KJ, Krohn MA, Reisner DP, Eschenbach DA (2001). "Vaginal indicators of amniotic fluid infection in ...

*Herb Green

N Z Med J. 1958 Oct;57(321):470-7. Foetal renal hypoplasia and the origin of amniotic fluid. Green GH. J Obstet Gynaecol Br Emp ...

*Membrane (disambiguation)

Membrane may also refer to: Biology: Biological membrane, including: Amnion, a membrane in the amniotic sac Basement membrane, ... which secrete serous fluid Tunic membrane, protective membrane covering the testes Eardrum, more formally known as Tympanic ...

*Polyhydramnios

Chronic polyhydramnios where excess amniotic fluid accumulates gradually Acute polyhydramnios where excess amniotic fluid ... is a medical condition describing an excess of amniotic fluid in the amniotic sac. It is seen in about 1% of pregnancies. It is ... Amniotic fluid index Alexander, ES, Spitz, HB, Clark, RA. Sonography of polyhydramnios. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1982; 138:343 Hill ... a deficiency in amniotic fluid. In most cases, the exact cause cannot be identified. A single case may have one or more causes ...
This study investigated the differentiation of human amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (hAFSCs) into insulin-producing clusters in vitro. Adenovirally-delivered mouse Pdx1 (Ad-Pdx1) induced human Pdx1 expression in hAFSCs and enhanced the coordinated
Firstly, we analyzed hAFC samples for the expression of germ cell markers; in agreement to previous reports [11], we observed a consistently high expression of OCT4 and CD133. However, when we examined additional markers we did not observe expression of genes specific to germ cell differentiation. In this regard, it was reported that hAFCs had the ability to form embryoid bodies (EBs) when cultured under conditions without anti-differentiation factors and without contact to feeder cells. Moreover, the formation of such three-dimensional multicellular aggregates was accompanied by a decrease in stem cell marker expression and by the induction of differentiation into different cell lineages [23]. Hence herein hAFCs kept under a stem cell culture system yielded a high number of clones that when cultured in suspension without anti-differentiation factors, spontaneously formed multicellular EBs and harbored high differentiation potential. Moreover, when we cultured EBs in the presence of germ cell ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Ethanol alters the osteogenic differentiation of amniotic fluid-derived stem cells. AU - Hipp, Jennifer A.. AU - Hipp, Jason D.. AU - Atala, Anthony. AU - Soker, Shay. PY - 2010/10/1. Y1 - 2010/10/1. N2 - Background: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a set of developmental defects caused by prenatal alcohol exposure. Clinical manifestations of FASD are highly variable and include mental retardation and developmental defects of the heart, kidney, muscle, skeleton, and craniofacial structures. Specific effects of ethanol on fetal cells include induction of apoptosis as well as inhibition of proliferation, differentiation, and migration. This complex set of responses suggests that a bioinformatics approach could clarify some of the pathways involved in these responses. Methods: In this study, the responses of fetal stem cells derived from the amniotic fluid (AFSCs) to treatment with ethanol have been examined. Large-scale transcriptome analysis of ethanol-treated AFSCs ...
In recent years, great interest has been devoted to the use of Induced Pluripotent Stem cells (iPS) for modeling of human genetic diseases, due to the possibility of reprogramming somatic cells of affected patients into pluripotent cells, enabling differentiation into several cell types, and allowing investigations into the molecular mechanisms of the disease. However, the protocol of iPS generation still suffers from technical limitations, showing low efficiency, being expensive and time consuming. Amniotic Fluid Stem cells (AFS) represent a potential alternative novel source of stem cells for modeling of human genetic diseases. In fact, by means of prenatal diagnosis, a number of fetuses affected by chromosomal or Mendelian diseases can be identified, and the amniotic fluid collected for genetic testing can be used, after diagnosis, for the isolation, culture and differentiation of AFS cells. This can provide a useful stem cell model for the investigation of the molecular basis of the diagnosed
Bone tissue engineering strategies require cells with high proliferative and osteogenic potential as well as a suitable scaffold to support the development of these as they form new bone tissue. In this study, we evaluated whether the differentiation stage of amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSC) could enhance the regeneration of critical sized femoral defects in a rat model. For this purpose, AFSC were seeded onto a starch-poly(ε-caprolactone) (SPCL) scaffold and were cultured in vitro in osteogenic culture media for different periods of time in order to obtain: i) undifferentiated cells, ii) cells committed to the osteogenic phenotype and iii) "osteoblast-like" cells. In vitro results indicate that AFSC were considered to be osteogenically committed by the end of week 2 and osteoblastic-like after week 3 in culture. Constructs composed of AFSC-SPCL scaffolds from each differentiation stage were implanted into critical sized femoral defects. The quality of new tissue formed in the defects was ...
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Up-Regulation in Human Amniotic Fluid Stem Cell Enhances Nephroprotection after Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in the Rat The authors evaluated if the up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor strengthens the protective effect of amniotic fluid stem cells in a renal ischemia-reperfusion injury model. [Crit Care Med] Abstract Secretome of Human Fetal Mesenchymal Stem Cell Ameliorates Replicative Senescence Researchers hypothesized that the bioactive factors secreted by mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) isolated from human fetal tissues (hFMSC), collectively named as hFMSC secretome, could possess beneficial effects on human adult MSC undergoing replicative senescence, thus promoting their capability of proliferation and differentiation. [Stem Cells Dev] Abstract A Novel High Throughput Screening Platform Reveals an Optimized Cytokine Formulation for Human Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Expansion Scientists used combinatorial cell culture technology ...
Epithelial and fibroblast cells were obtained from cultures of amniotic fluid cells. Epithelial cells demonstrated high activities of histidase. In contrast, histidase activity was not detected in fibroblasts derived from the same original culture. This observation indicates that cultures of amniotic fluid cells consist of cells with different biochemical properties as well as morphological characteristics. ...
Whether these cells are as versatile as embryonic stem cells remains to be determined," said Atala, "but the current finding is certainly encouraging.". Atala stopped short of calling the cells pluripotent, which means the ability to form many cell types. He said while the cells meet some of the characteristics of pluripotency, such as versatility, they do not form tumors when implanted in animals, which is also considered a characteristic. The fact that the amnion cells are less likely to form tumors may be one advantage that they have over embryonic stem cells in their potential for clinical use.. Co-researchers were Alessandro Valli, Ph.D., Margit Rosner, student, Christiane Fuchs, MSc., Nicol Siegel, MSc., and Helmut Dolznig, Ph.D., from the Medical University of Vienna, Colin E. Bishop, Ph.D., from Wake Forest, and Ulrike Mädel, student, and Wilfried Feichtinger, M.D., from Wunschbaby Zentrum, in Vienna, Austria.. About the Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative ...
Amniotic fluid is concentrated in hyaluronic acid, stem cells, cytokines, and proteins. These important compounds are the fundamental cells existing in the body. Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring liquid found in the knee that helps to cushion the knee and can help sooth any joint.. You may have heard about amniotic fluid injections and wondered if this treatment option was right for you and your situation. The best way to find out is to discuss your condition with one of our physicians so you can be evaluated. These are some common conditions that can benefit from amniotic fluid injections:. ...
Abstract: Deficiency of glycosidases is a fundamental feature of the hereditary diseases of glycoconjugate accumulation. The data obtained on activity of glycosidases in cell culture of normal amnionic fluid might be used as standards in prenatal diagnostics of hereditary glycolipidoses and glycoproteinoses. Use of cell culture of amnionic fluid for prenatal diagnosis of Tay-Sachs disease is ...
Restricted Item. Print thesis available in the University of Auckland Library or available through Inter-Library Loan. Three major cell types, termed E, F and AF, constitute cultures of second trimester human amniotic fluids and are widely used for the prenatal diagnosis of inherited disorders of metabolism. Current evidence suggests that the predominant cell type, the AF cells, retain properties of trophoblast and it has been proposed that they are derived from the trophoblast of the placenta. Since the trophoblast is thought to be the site of the aromatization of C19 -steroids in the placenta, it was considered that AF type amniotic fluid cell cultures should possess this steroidogenic activity. Investigations were therefore undertaken to explore this hypothesis. Initial experiments involved culturing AF and F type cells in the presence and absence of dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate and subsequently incubating the cell layers with [4-14C] androstenedione. Isolation and identification of the ...
Assessment of the status of amniotic fluid phospholipids (qualitative and semi-quantitative) has become important in determining fetal lung maturity. In uncomplicated pregnancies, it has been documented that the ratio of lecithin to sphingomyelin (L/
Tendons are highly prone to injury and the intrinsic hypocellularity and hypovascularity make their natural healing extremely slow and inefficient when severed damaged. Surgical repair with grafts is common but unsuccessful in a long term basis. The development of tissue engineering strategies based on stem cells explores a natural endogenous system of regeneration with potential for tendon application. We propose to establish biochemical culturing conditions to assess the tenogenic potential of human adipose stem cells (hASCs) and amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (hAFSCs), known for their proliferative and differentiation capacities. Since several growth factors (GFs) participate in tendon formation and ECM synthesis, these GFs were added to the culture medium to stimulate tenogenic differentiation of these cells. This study also envisions the application of hASCs and/or hAFSCs in cell-based strategies for tendon repair ...
The usage of stem cells is a promising strategy for the repair of damaged tissue in the injured brain. Recently, amniotic fluid (AF) cells have received a lot of attention as an alternative source of stem cells for cell-based therapies. However, the
In a previous study, we isolated human amniotic fluid (AF)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AF-MSCs) and utilized normoxic conditioned medium (AF-MSC-norCM) which has been shown to accelerate cutaneous wound healing. Because hypoxia enhances the wound healing function of mesenchymal stem cell-conditioned medium (MSC-CM), it is interesting to explore the mechanism responsible for the enhancement of wound healing function. In this work, hypoxia not only increased the proliferation of AF-MSCs but also maintained their constitutive characteristics (surface marker expression and differentiation potentials). Notably, more paracrine factors, VEGF and TGF-β1, were secreted into hypoxic conditioned medium from AF-MSCs (AF-MSC-hypoCM) compared to AF-MSC-norCM. Moreover, AF-MSC-hypoCM enhanced the proliferation and migration of human dermal fibroblasts in vitro, and wound closure in a skin injury model, as compared to AF-MSC-norCM. However, the enhancement of migration of fibroblasts accelerated by AF-MSC-hypoCM
This disclosure is directed to methods for reproducibly generating substantial amounts of endothelial cells from amniotic cells. The endothelial cells generated in accordance with the present methodology, as well as therapeutic methods utilizing these cells, are also disclosed.
I am 5 weeks into my first pregnancy and I dont know if Im being paranoid or properly cautious. I dont even know if I can leak amniotic fluid at this stage and as my first appointment with my OB isn...
Abbildung 1: Detection of Oct-4 in the nucleus of a human amniotic fluid cell. A phase contrast picture of an amniotic fluid cell population grown under culture conditions used for routine prenatal diagnosis of genetic mutations is presented. For immunocytochemical analysis of cellular Oct-4 expression, cells were fixed and incubated with anti-Oct-4 antibody. Thereafter, cells were washed, incubated with a biotinylated secondary antibody, washed again, and incubated with ExtrAvidin-Cy3 conjugate. One amniotic fluid cell with the red Oct-4-specific signal in the nucleus is shown ...
Anonymous: You could be right, or wrong, we just dont know. As the recent research report which announced the amniotic fluid stem cell results notes, its not clear yet whether the AF stem cells truly are pluripotent - able to grow into all the cells and tissues of the body. Since as noted before, were still in the basic research stage and will be for many years, its way too early (if ever) to foreclose study of any aspect of the bodys regenerative system, from embryo through adult, as its the system of how stem cells work (including how its properly regulated) that we need to learn about. In the meantime, if any promising treatments turn up, involving say AF or adult stem cells, then we can make use of those ...
Scientists from the UCL Institute of Child Health and Imperial College London have succeeded in reprogramming amniotic fluid stem cells without having to introduce extra genes. The findings raise the possibility that stem cells from donated amniotic fluid could be used in treatments and research, providing a viable alternative to embryonic stem cells.
The CD117 MicroBead Kit has been developed for the positive selection of human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells from peripheral blood, cord blood or bone marrow. It has also been used for the isolation of various stem cells from adult tissues, e.g. amniotic fluid stem cells1 and cardiomyocyte progenitors2 . - Belgique
1. Steele MV, Breg VR jr. Chromosome analysis of human amniotic fluid cells. Lancet 1966; 1: 383- 385. 2. Valenti C, Schutta EF, Kehaty T. Cytogenetic diagnosis of Downs syndrome in utero. Am J Med Assoc 1969; 207: 1513. 3. Ondrejčák M. Prenatálna cytogenetická diagnostika z buniek plodovej vody. Lek Obzor 1985; 34(6): 329- 333. 4. von Eggeling F, Freytag M, Fahsold R et al. Rapid detection of trisomy 21 by quantitative PCR. Hum Genet 1993; 91(6): 567- 570. 5. Divane A, Carter NP, Spathas DH et al. Rapid prenatal diagnosis of aneuploidy from unculltured amniotic fluid cells using five - colour fluorescence in situ hybridization. Prenat Diagn 1994; 14(11): 1061- 1069. 6. Pertl B, Yau SC, Sherlock J et al. Rapid molecular method for prenatal detection of Downs syndrome. Lancet 1994; 343: 1197- 1198. 7. Kuo WL, Temjin H, Segraves R et al. Detection of aneuploidy involving chromosomes 13, 18 and 21 by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to interphase and metaphase amniocytes. Am J Hum ...
This study showed that term amniotic fluid is a relatively rich source of MSCs having high expansion capacities and features similar to MSCs isolated from other sources. We also showed that harvesting amniotic fluid at term caesarean section deliveries by catheter resulted in much higher collection volumes compared with 10-20 ml volumes that were harvested in previous studies of term or pre-term amniotic fluid [24-26]. We were able to harvest on average about 400 ml of fluid from the 20 samples. Comparing the TAF-MSCs described in this study with MSCs isolated from BM and AD, we show that they share a significantly similar transcriptional profile. Taken together, these results suggest that TAF-MSCs may be an alternative and complimentary source of MSCs with features making them highly attractive for further investigation in in-vivo pre-clinical functional assessments.. There are only a limited number of publications characterizing term human amniotic fluid cells [24-26]. In line with these ...
Question - Diagnosed with severely low amniotic fluid levels. On medication. Will amniotic fluid replenish? . Ask a Doctor about Amniotic fluid, Ask a General & Family Physician
The miRNAs are a new class of nucleic acids that show promise as useful clinical biomarkers for several diseases (6-8). Our data revealed that the expressions of miR-125b-2, miR-155, and miR-3156 in the amniotic fluid culture were significantly higher in pregnant women carrying fetuses with DS than in the control group. The study sample size was small; however, to the best of our knowledge, our study is the first to demonstrate significant differences in miRNA expression in cell cultures between fetuses with and without DS. Many studies have evaluated the association of miRNA expression levels with a variety of pathologic conditions, including preeclampsia, fetal congenital cardiac defects, neural tube defects, fetal growth retardation, and DS (9-15). The miRNAs encoded by hsa 21 (i.e., hsa-miR-99a, let-7c, miR-125b-2, miR-155, and miR-802) have been proven to correlate with the complex and variable phenotypes of DS and were shown to be overexpressed in the heart, frontal cortex, and hippocampus ...
Chang Medium® D was developed for the primary culture of human amniotic fluid cells for use in karyotyping and other antenatal genetic testing. This formula has been optimized for both flask and in situ methodologies. Packaged in single bottles, ready-to-use with no mixing required. For in vitro diagnostic use.. ...
De Coppis team has demonstrated that intravenous transplantation of amniotic fluid stem (AFS) cells enhances the muscle strength and improves the survival rate of the affected animals. This is the first study to demonstrate the functional and stable integration of AFS cells into skeletal muscle, highlighting their value as a cell source for the treatment of muscular dystrophies.. However, the research is still at a relatively early stage as the work has only been carried out in animal models.. Dr Coppi said: "Spinal muscular atrophy is a genetic disease affecting one in 6,000 births. It is currently incurable and in its most severe form children with the condition may not survive long into childhood. Children with a less severe form face the prospect of progressive muscle wasting, loss of mobility and motor function. There is an urgent need for improved treatments.. "We are excited by this potential new approach for regenerating skeletal muscle tissue, but much more research is needed. We now ...
The next, I would be plagued with worry that despite all my efforts at natural induction-sex, acupuncture, membrane stripping-that I would reach 42 weeks and, according to my home birth midwives policy, no longer be able to have the home birth that I wanted. And then I would envision a whole host of unlikely and horrendous birth defects that might be the reason I wasnt going into labor, and also the complete financial disaster that would ensue once we had our complicated hospital birth of our very sickly child on our not-so-great insurance policy.. And then, it happened. I had to jump headfirst into my hospital birth fear and let go of the last shred of control I thought I might have when my midwife said, "This looks like a baby that wants to be born in the hospital.". At a routine non-stress test (used to assess the health of the baby by monitoring its heart rate and amniotic fluid levels) the nurse saw one significant deceleration of our babys heart rate. And my amniotic fluid levels were ...
The next, I would be plagued with worry that despite all my efforts at natural induction-sex, acupuncture, membrane stripping-that I would reach 42 weeks and, according to my home birth midwives policy, no longer be able to have the home birth that I wanted. And then I would envision a whole host of unlikely and horrendous birth defects that might be the reason I wasnt going into labor, and also the complete financial disaster that would ensue once we had our complicated hospital birth of our very sickly child on our not-so-great insurance policy.. And then, it happened. I had to jump headfirst into my hospital birth fear and let go of the last shred of control I thought I might have when my midwife said, "This looks like a baby that wants to be born in the hospital.". At a routine non-stress test (used to assess the health of the baby by monitoring its heart rate and amniotic fluid levels) the nurse saw one significant deceleration of our babys heart rate. And my amniotic fluid levels were ...
Hi all, I am 33 weeks pregnant and It has been 3 miscarriages to get to this point. Ive had a good pregnancy to date and just last Friday as i thought maybe just maybe I could start to believe this pregnancy was going to be okay I was
After a long wait we had the follow-up ultrasound today. Owen has been a very active boy for a while now which has helped us make it through the wait with much optimism. The ultrasound was at 1:30 and our whole clan was allowed into the ultrasound room. The clan being my mom and dad, Joshs mom and sister and of course Josh and I. As the ultrasound progressed every update was better than the last. First off the amniotic fluid level was right on (high amniotic fluid levels are common with trisomy 18 babies). His choroid plexus cysts had resolved, as well as the calcium deposit on his heart. They were just gone, they said there was a good chance they would resolve, but to see it live in person was nothing short of a miracle for us!!! And finally all of the measurements were done and he came in at 3 lbs. 1oz. and measured within one day of his due date, which we were informed never happens. The measurement was the most important thing to us. The geneticist in Little Rock had told us that babies ...
Combs CA, Gravett M, Garite TJ, Hickok DE, Lapidus J, Porreco R, Rael J, Grove T, Morgan TK, Clewell W, Miller H, Luthy D, Pereira L, Nageotte M, Robilio PA, Fortunato S, Simhan H, Baxter JK, Amon E, Franco A, Trofatter K, Heyborne K. Amniotic fluid infection, inflammation, and colonization in preterm labor with intact membranes. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Feb; 210(2):125.e1-125.e15 ...
Looking for Non-parametric statistics? Find out information about Non-parametric statistics. Any method of inference that does not depend on the characteristics of the population from which the samples are obtained Explanation of Non-parametric statistics
Health, ...In a breakthrough that may help fill a critical need in stem cell rese...The Mount Sinai researchers found that when compared to cultured adult... There remains today a need in stem cell research for an easily reprog...Amniotic fluid skin cells can be safely obtained from pregnant women u...,Amniotic,fluid,cells,more,efficiently,reprogrammed,to,pluripotency,than,adult,cells,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
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Intra-amniotic infections are associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery, which, in turn, may be associated with neurological sequelae in former preterm infants [80]. Microbial presence in the amniotic fluid may elicit maternal and fetal inflammatory response that are then responsible for neonatal complications. The association between elevated inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-6 in the amniotic fluid and subsequent white matter injury has been noted in preterm infants [81]. Elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines in the cord blood including IL-1β, IL-6 IL-8, and TNF-α have also been shown to correlate with neonatal cerebral lesions as detected by MRI after parturition in human premature infants [82]. Furthermore, clinical evidence shows that elevated inflammatory response in the perinatal period has been demonstrated to correlate with long-term neonatal morbidities including cerebral palsy [83], psychomotor deficits [8], and non-neurological diseases including necrotizing ...
Definition : Immunoassay reagents intended to perform quantitative analyses on amniotic fluid samples obtained from pregnant women to determine the ratio of phospholipids (i.e., surfactants) to albumin. These tests are typically used to estimate fetal lung maturity and to assess the associated risk of respiratory distress syndrome if birth occurs. The predictive values are less than 40mg/g for immature lungs and more than 70mg/g for mature lungs, but values may change as pregnancy progresses.. Entry Terms : "Reagents, Immunoassay, Pregnancy, Phospholipid/Albumin Ratio". UMDC code : 20669 ...
Our findings confirm the hypothesis that medical induction of labour is related to an increased risk of AFE," added Dr. Kramer. "Although the absolute risk increase of AFE for women is very small (four or five total cases and one or two fatal cases per 100,000 women induced) and is unlikely to affect the decision to induce labour in the presence of compelling clinical indications, women and physicians should be aware of this risk if the decision is elective." ...
Our findings confirm the hypothesis that medical induction of labour is related to an increased risk of AFE," added Dr. Kramer. "Although the absolute risk increase of AFE for women is very small (four or five total cases and one or two fatal cases per 100,000 women induced) and is unlikely to affect the decision to induce labour in the presence of compelling clinical indications, women and physicians should be aware of this risk if the decision is elective ...
The present study investigated: (a) the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies and (b) the obstetric outcome in healthy pregnant women showing false-positive TORCH-Toxoplasmosis, Other: syphilis, varicella-zoster, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Herpes infections-results. Data from 23 singleton healthy pregnancies with false-positive TORCH results were collected. Each woman was systematically screened for TORCH IgG and IgM during the pre-conception assessment and/or at the beginning of pregnancy. In the presence of IgM positivity, when indicated (CMV, toxoplasmosis, rubella, herpes simplex virus), IgG avidity was evaluated and, if possible, polymerase chain reaction was performed on an amniotic fluid sample in order to distinguish between primary infection or false positivity ...
Not only does death linger on as a memory in the nervous system, but suicides will often choose a method that reflects the prototype of their birth experiences. So, those strangled on the umbilical cord may hang themselves, or an overdose of pills is chosen by someone who was drugged at birth. Why? Because of the prototype; for a neonate strangling on the cord, further strangling would have ended the agony. Those drowning in amniotic fluid at birth will opt for death by drowning. Case in point: the writer-actor Spalding Gray had a lifetime obsession with drowning. He used to swim in the ocean as far out as he possibly could until the point of exhaustion and then struggled to try and make it back. He killed himself by jumping off the Staten Island Ferry in the middle of the night. I hypothesize that he may have been drowning at birth and the end of the original sequence would be drowning. In other words, I think he died like he was born. This is never to minimize the pain in the present; ...
When it comes to the big day, it is important that you are ready for the physical and emotional stress and the practical reality of giving birth. A very small number, approximately 10 %, of women have their waters break prior to the beginning of contractions. Occasionally, if the cervix is dilated when the expectant mother is admitted, the amniotic sac may have to be ruptured by the doctor. It is vital that expectant mothers remain calm when their waters break. Prior to their waters breaking, pregnant women can be overcome with an overwhelming need to urinate, followed by a heavy gush of fluid. However, others experience little more than a small trickling discharge. The quantity of amniotic fluid can vary from woman to woman, ranging from 2 to 6 cups in volume. The body continues to produce amniotic fluid throughout the labour, usually once every three hours, so expect a continuous discharge of fluid leading up to delivery.. Be prepared for the reality of fluid and blood that will accompany the ...
We just had our 20 week anatomy scan today, and for the most part things looked good with the exception of some renal abnormalities. DH was born with whats called vesiculoureteral reflux and had to have surgery as a baby to reattach his ureters to his bladder. Based on todays scan, we think that may be whats going on with our first LO. She has dilated collecting systems, normal kidneys,, normal bladder, and normal amniotic fluid levels. We are being referred to the Pediatric Nephrologist (who DH and I both work with and adore), as well as a Pediatric Urologist (not even a part of our hospital). Well be getting ultrasounds every 4 weeks now, with both the MFM and Nephrologists there at those appointments. I feel like we have a plan, and Im only slightly having alarm bells go off. I hope this is what DH had - as DH has normal kidney function as an adult. Does anyone have any experience with kidney issues in particular, or with getting a vague diagnosis like this and having to increase ...
Bryant, E.M.; Crouch, E.; Bornstein, P.; Martin, G.M.; Johnston, P.; Hoehn, H., 1978: Regulation of growth and gene activity in euploid hybrids between human neonatal fibroblasts and epithelioid amniotic fluid cells
The present volume focuses on microbial invasion strategies of pathogen uptake. An accompanying volume (Vol. 5) in the series presents the phagocytic…
An automated analytical instrument for conducting assays for components of interest in fluid samples. The instrument includes a testing system for assaying a fluid sample for a component of interest, a fluid dispensing assembly, an assembly for providing an assay module to the testing system and a fluid sample holding tray transport assembly for transporting a fluid sample holding tray carrying fluid sample holding containers to the fluid dispensing assembly and away from the fluid dispensing assembly. The transport assembly includes a conveyor, a fluid sample holding tray loading unit and a fluid sample holding tray unloading unit. The conveyor includes a carriage which is slidably mounted on a rail and moved along the rail by an endless belt which is fixedly attached to the carriage and driven by a reversible motor. In the operation of the instrument, one or more fluid sample holding trays are placed onto the fluid sample holding tray loading unit. Each fluid sample holding tray so loaded on to the
After a short nap while Joe and Grandpa took Brendan for a walk, we left Brendan in the care of his grandparents as we left for my ultrasound appointment. As we were well aware, the ultrasound was scheduled in order to determine if the baby was actually measuring the size she was supposed to be and to see if the amniotic fluid was low. So it wasnt a complete shock when the ultrasound tech stated that the baby was, in fact, average size for a 37 week fetus and not a 39 week fetus. And then proceeded to show us that there was very little fluid for measurement, leaving me with whats called a low amniotic fluid index. As a labor and delivery nurse I knew the implications of the ultrasounds results and while an AFI of 5 (normal of 10-25) is not extremely low, its low enough to warrant some concern. We were told to wait while the tech paged the doctor and I turned to Joe and explained that one of two things was likely to happen. I would either need to go to the maternity unit for monitoring (to ...
A proper canine neonatal assistance, required to reduce the high perinatal loss rate, imply a full knowledge about the fetal-to-neonatal physiology. Because fetal fluids play an important role throughout mammals pregnancy, influencing fetal growth and development, fetal well being, and contributing to guarantee the most suitable environment for the fetus, the knowledge about fetal fluids biochemical composition is of major importance. At first, the biochemical composition of fetal fluids collected by normal developed, healthy and viable newborns, is necessary to depict the normal features, and represent the first step for the further detection of abnormalities associated to fetal/neonatal distress and useful for the early identification of newborns needing special attention, immediately after birth ...
Ponevadz jsem se posledni dobou zajimal o NFS pod Linuxem (u portmapu v RedHatu se pise ye tam jsou odstraneny zname chyby NFS a NIS) narazil jsem na AFS. Vsude se totiz pise ze NFS neni moc bezbecne. Muze min nejakz odbornik rici jak je to s bezpecnosti u AFS? Myslim ze ve verzi 2.2 jiz bude defaultne ve zdrojacich jadra. Pokud se nemylim AFS ma jiz RedHat 5.1 Mohl by tedy nekdo zhodnotit vyhody a nevyhody AFS a NFS P.S.: Mimochodem nevite proc v RedHatu neni PCNFS daemon a jak je to s Debianem? P.S.S: Jaky je rozdil mezi PCNFS a BWNFS (zajima mne hlavne bezpecnost ...
Apply with brush to cover entire screen with screen filler; when the screen filler is dry, the drawing fluid can be washed out, allowing for the area to be printed.
A device for transporting a plurality of similarly sized beverage cans includes a transparent, flexible pouch of fixed dimensions, and a rigid housing in which the pouch is slidably received. The front and rear walls of the pouch and housing are spaced apart a distance about equal to the length of the cans, so that when the cans are inserted with their ends adjacent the front and rear walls, they will remain in unidirectional alignment upon removal of the pouch from the housing. The pouch includes a flap for keeping the cans in the pouch, and adhesive tape for securing the flap to the front of the pouch. The tape passes through a facial opening in the housing in order to seal the pouch while it is in the housing. The pouch is preferably transparent so that the number of cans can be accurately counted, and so that it can be visually confirmed that all of the cans are of the type returnable for a refund of any deposit. In one preferred embodiment the housing and pouch walls serve as the sole means for
The present study evaluated fetal thalamic echogenicity by ultrasound as a possible marker of fetal lung maturity in comparison with other ultrasound makers. A prospective longitudinal study performed in Al-Elwiya Maternity Teaching Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq during the period from April 2010 to March 2011. One hundred and forty two pregnant women (36 to 42 weeks of gestation) who were admitted for elective cesarean section and referred for an obstetric ultrasound scan at the same day of their elective cesarean section were included. Scanning with linear ultrasound with convex transducer frequency of 3.5 MHz was utilized to measure the biparietal diameter and the state of echogenicity was recorded as echogenic or echolucent, in addition to amniotic fluid vernix and the placental changes. The presence of echogenic thalamus as a sign of fetal lung maturity had a specificity of 86.53% which is higher than the three other signs of lung maturity; the positive predictive value was (89.6%) which is also higher
What is fetal lung maturity? Fetal lung maturity measures the amount of surfactant in amniotic fluid. Deficiency causes respiratory distress.
Despite extensive research, the etiology of most preterm births remains unknown. There are significant fetal consequences associated with preterm birth, which include necrotizing enterocolitis, fetal respiratory distress and intra-ventricular hemorrhage. Perinatal mortality is about 44%, 11% and 5% when deliveries occur between 25-28 weeks, 29-32 weeks and 33-34 weeks, respectively. While for many years, it was assumed that the cause of the high morbidity associated with prematurity was the birth of a neonate with a restricted adaptive capacity, it has also been suggested that part of the high perinatal morbidity was the consequence of adverse processes affecting the fetus in utero, rather than of prematurity per se. Intra-amniotic inflammation present in utero early in gestation may trigger the cascade of events leading to preterm birth (i.e. rupture of membranes, cervical ripening, uterine contractions) and provide an intrauterine milieu which is unfavorable or even harmful to the ...
Immature: ,15,000/mcL. Indeterminate: 15,000-50,000/mcL. Mature: ,50,000/mcL. Cutoffs are based on consensus protocol (Neerhof M, Dohnal JC, Ashwood ER, et al: Lamellar body counts: a consensus on protocol. Obstet Gynecol 2001;97:318-320). ...
What is Hydramnios (Polyhydramnios)? Hydramnios, or polyhydramnios, is a condition where there is an excess of amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus. Hydramnios occurs in approximately 3 to 4 percent of pregnancies. What Causes Hydramnios? Hydramnios can arise from .....
Chorioamnionitis is an infection of the membranes (placental tissues) and amniotic fluid. It occurs in about 1 to 5 percent of all pregnancies, but is much more common in preterm births. Chorioamnionitis can cause bacteremia (blood infection) in the mother and may lead to preterm birth and serious infection in the newborn baby. Other terms for chorioamnionitis include intra-amniotic infection and amnionitis.. The organisms usually responsible for chorioamnionitis are those that are normally present in the vagina, including Escherichia coli (E. coli). Group B streptococcus may also cause the infection. Chorioamnionitis can develop when the membranes (amniotic sac) are ruptured (broken) for an extended period. This allows the vaginal organisms to move upward into the uterus.. ...
In the latest Case Record of the Massachusetts General Hospital, a 40-year-old woman was admitted to this hospital 10 days post partum because of dyspnea and hypoxemia associated with leg edema and blood-tinged sputum. Diagnostic procedures were performed. Causes of dyspnea and hypoxemia in the peripartum period are predominantly of pulmonary or cardiovascular origin, the latter… Read More…. ...
Chorioamnionitis is an infection of the membranes (placental tissues) and amniotic fluid. It occurs in about 1 to 5 percent of all pregnancies, but is much more common in preterm births. Chorioamnionitis can cause bacteremia (blood infection) in the mother and may lead to preterm birth and serious infection in the newborn baby. Other terms for chorioamnionitis include intra-amniotic infection and amnionitis.. The organisms usually responsible for chorioamnionitis are those that are normally present in the vagina, including Escherichia coli (E. coli). Group B streptococcus may also cause the infection. Chorioamnionitis can develop when the membranes (amniotic sac) are ruptured (broken) for an extended period. This allows the vaginal organisms to move upward into the uterus.. ...
Amniocentesis - MedHelps Amniocentesis Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Amniocentesis. Find Amniocentesis information, treatments for Amniocentesis and Amniocentesis symptoms.
In recent years, QF-PCR for the detection of common chromosomal trisomies has been introduced as a validated method at a number of cytogenetic centers 13-16. Our study presents results based on the application of QF-PCR for the rapid detection of aneuploidies in chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X and Y on 162 amniotic fluid samples in the Brazilian population.. The QF-PCR results alone were in accordance with 98.05% of all karyotypes excluding cases with chromosomal rearrangements. These results are compatible with other recent reports in the literature. Lildballe et al. 17 analyzed 2,550 samples from chorionic villus sampling (CVS) and amniotic fluid from high-risk pregnancies and reported positive and negative predictive values greater than 99.8%. In this work, different predictive values were reported for each chromosomal abnormality, and even for mosaic trisomies, the detection rate was higher than 99.8%. Rostami et al. 12 reported 4,058 samples analyzed for QR-PCR with a detection rate of 98.59%. ...
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have found that excessive formation of calcium crystal deposits in the amniotic fluid may be a reason why some pregnant women suffer preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) ...
When the child is in the uterus it is surrounded by amniotic fluid at this time the child cannot digest and cant breath but is also not adequate able to excrete. The child obtains nutrition by the umbilical cord of the placental structure growing out of the embryo. The placental structure connects the maternal blood vessel to the childs blood vessel, placenta biologically grows out of a developing embryo but also does not grow out of the mother. The blood vessels inside the placenta are the childs placenta including artery and the vein. The placenta grows into the wall of the Uterus of the mother. During pregnancy, the mother continues to eat which means that there will be amino acids, glucose and fats in the blood which will travel through her blood stream, to the placenta and then through to the embryo. The placenta has a large surface area and the barrier is really thin to allow an adequate area for exchange between the mothers blood and the babys blood. The baby, produces molecules back ...
The most common reason is that the mother has gestational diabetes. Anything that prevents a fetus from swallowing amniotic fluid can also cause polyhydramnios, including structural problems in the babys mouth or throat or stomach, or muscular or neurologic problems. We never find the cause of some cases. Would you like to video or text chat with me? ...
Word Scramble - English word AMNIOCENTESIS: words that start with amniocentesis, words that end with amniocentesis, anagrams of amniocentesis, how to spell amniocentesis!, Words with Friends, Scrabble
A hermetic closed loop fluid system for controlling temperature of a heat source includes at least one component including at least one heat exchanger in contact with the heat source. The heat exchanger is configured to pass a fluid therethrough, wherein the fluid performs thermal exchange with the heat source. A predetermined amount of the fluid remains within the fluid system for a desired amount of operating time. The desired amount of operating time is preferably at least 10 years. Alternatively, the desired amount of operating time is at least 3 years. The predetermined amount of fluid is preferably ninety percent of an initial amount of fluid. Alternatively, the predetermined amount of fluid is seventy five percent of an initial amount of fluid. Still alternatively, at least fifty percent of the fluid can remain within the fluid system for the desired amount of operating time. The fluid can be a single phase fluid. The fluid can also be a two phase fluid.
Results The cells isolated from synovial fluid of patients with RA grew as monolayers in vitro and could be maintained in culture for more than 10 passages. The cells expressed the most important MSC markers (CD44, CD73, CD90 and CD105) with absence of endothelial (CD31, VEGFR2) or hematopoietic cell markers (CD34, CD45, CD69, CD133), respectively. SYF-MSCs were able to differentiate into bone, fat and cartilage tissue in vitro fulfilling the ISCT criteria, and could suppress the proliferation of mitogen activated peripheral blood lymphocytes. Furthermore, SYF-MSCs secreted increased amount of IL-6 after 12 and 24 hrs treatment by LPS (15423.61±9348.61 pg/ml at 12h; 17479.17±3848.63 pg/ml at 24h time points), Poly:IC (15215.28±10834.72 and 24090.28±3626.40 pg/ml), TNFα (7437.5±1168.06 and 11562.5±845.83 pg/ml) and IL-1β (19465.28±2306.94 and 21229.17±12.5 pg/ml) compared to untreated controls (1590.28±1015.28 and 2187.50±640.28 pg/ml), respectively. IL-8 could be detected in the ...
Oral cancer (OC) patients are at high risk to develop recurrent disease or secondary primary cancers with no available biomarkers to detect these events until a
PSI Urethanes manufactures aerospace urethane parts including metal forming pads, Guerin box pads, Verson Wheelon Press fluid cells for metal forming, etc.
Find Best Amniocentesis Tests in Shree nagar, Thane. 365Doctor.in are providing Top 10 Amniocentesis Tests in Shree Nagar, Thane. Doctor reviews its helpful for you.
The choice is yours! Disc Hydrator by Posture Pump gradually lifts, stretches and separates back joints into the correct curved shape. If the spine loses its curved shape, the discs are compressed and rich lubricating fluid can not penetrate (see pictures). This causes premature aging in the form of dry stiff joints. Disc with hydrator, the spine is stretched and bent over a unique angled air cells, compression is removed from the discs and nutrient-rich fluid can now be included. So ...
The following are a few of the major points regarding CAFOs that were covered during the CAFO conference that might prove helpful to you. I dont have direct contact information for many of the speakers but it shouldnt be too hard to track them down, if needed. Bill Hafs - Brown County Land Conservation Department: Northeast Wisconsin has the highest concentration of dairy CAFOs in the state, with more scheduled to come on line. He reports they have lots of applications in process. Hafs reports March 08 was not a good month for Brown County, they had two of the biggest manure spills on record. He reports that some manure storage facilities have been used for industrial and commercial waste, in violation of regs. Hafs says that given the political realities and the lack of meaningful state help they have been trying to emphasize voluntary compliance through by tightening up on repeat offenders, refusal to comply with standards, public health danger and operators not getting permits. Brown ...
Amniocentesis is an invasive, diagnostic antenatal test. It involves taking a sample of amniotic fluid in order to examine fetal cells found in this fluid....
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Oligohydramnios is a condition which means there is an inadequate amount of amniotic fluid surrounding the baby in the uterus. Find out more here.
Amniocentesis is a test carried out during pregnancy to diagnose any problems or serious health conditions your baby has developed or could develop.
Learn more about Amniocentesis at Kendall Regional Medical Center DefiniciónRazones para realizar el procedimientoFactores de riesgo de complicaciones durante...
Grade 5 VUR is the most severe and requires surgery. We are hopeful that Micah can have his surgery sooner than later so that he can be taken off of the antibiotics. The surgery will entail re-positioning where his ureter enters the bladder and tapering it so fluid can not back up so easy. He may also need the upper part of his ureter tapered where it meets the kidney. We are hopeful that his kidney is still functioning enough to not need it removed, but the tests will tell us more.. Once surgery is complete, he will remain on antibiotics for 3 months and until another set of tests are done. This is unfortunate because Micah gets sick from his antibiotics and we have been fighting acid reflux and vomiting since he was born. He still doesnt sleep through the night, but he has gotten better since we switched his antibiotic to the morning rather than bedtime. We might be able to try a different antibiotic after seeing the nephrologist.. ...
After a surgery, fluid can collect under the skin near the cut the doctor made (incision). This soft, puffy area is called a seroma. It can be tender to touch. The incision may even have opened up.. Some seromas get better on their own. But when there is a lot of fluid under the skin, a seroma is drained to help the area heal.. If your childs incision has opened up, it may either be packed with gauze or left open to heal. To prevent infection, make sure to help your child keep the area clean and take all medicines as prescribed. ...
When a rash becomes more intense, there may be a fluid that oozes from it at times. This can sometimes occur without any provocation, or sometimes it can happen after the patient begins to scratch at the rash. This fluid can then crust up, making a hard layer around the edges of the rash or across its surface. This can also add to the pain that can be associated with eczema. Of course, this can affect different sufferers more intensely, and a physician can prescribe a topical medication to help ease the pain and any other side effects ...
ကိုယ္ဝန္ ၁၂ ပတ္မွာ Amniotic sac ေရျမြာအိတ္ျဖစ္လာတဲ့ေနာက္ Amniotic fluid ေရျမြာရည္လည္းျဖစ္လာတယ္။ အစပိုင္းမွာ မေအဆီကေနရတဲ့ေရကေန ေရႁမႊာရည္ျဖစ္လာတယ္။ ကိုယ္ဝန္ ၂ဝ ပတ္ေနာက္ပိုင္းမွာ ကေလးရဲ႕ ဆီးပါ ေရာလာတယ္။ ပံုမွန္ကိုယ္ဝန္မွာ ေရျမြာရည္ဟာ ၈ဝဝ စီစီကေန ၁ဝဝဝ အထိရွိတယ္။ ၃၆ ပါတ္ေနာက္ ေမြးကာနီးရင္ နဲနဲ နည္းလာတယ္။ ကိုယ္ဝန္ ၃၂-၃၆ ပတ္မွာ အရည္ထုထည္ 500 စီစီထက္ နည္းေနတာကို ေရႁမႊာရည္နည္းတယ္လို႔ ...
Ive been going to doctor after doctor trying to figure out why my SED Rate is elevated. My SED Rate was first tested in October of 06 and it was 27; then again in December and it was 32. Now just a few weeks ago, it came back 46. Ive been tested for everything. But Im heading in the right direction. I know that the SED Rate is a marker for infection/inflammation and mine is not infection. My WBC is absolutely normal. My PCP doesnt know what more to do with me. I asked him to send me to a rheumatologist and that is in the works. But I just feel like that is going to be another dead end as well. Anybody out there know much about SED Rates ...
Pregnant women over 35 should consider whether to have an amniocentisis to test for foetal abnormalities. This article details the procedure, the risks and benefits...
Mamercus coinheritance thriving readily tartrylic ale basigenous wab unridden deductive unpresentableness stram nonconceiving canonlike suppurative Cestida achievable Ophis zaffar fibrillary germing vellon septation ethnic Pyrosomidae unperfected semiappressed superexplicit [email protected] ...
Amniocentesis is only offered to pregnant women who have a higher chance of having a baby with a genetic or chromosomal condition. It can diagnose a range of conditions.. If your test results, or medical or family history suggest you have a higher chance of having a baby with a genetic or chromosomal condition, you may be offered amniocentesis.. You dont have to take the test - its up to you to decide whether you want it.. ...
You dont indicate why you would consider amniocentiesis, but it is not usually recommended due to the potential risk of infecting the baby. There are a number of HIV specialists and obstetricians...
over 4000$ total bill, insurance covered 1300$,I have to pay around 2700$, (2010, Mashfield clinic)I didn`t know it`s so expensive for my family,Should I have skip it,...
Disclaimer - MyMed.com is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to diagnose or treat any condition or illness or act as a substitute for professional medical advice. ...
How is lecithin/sphingomyelin ratios abbreviated? L/S stands for lecithin/sphingomyelin ratios. L/S is defined as lecithin/sphingomyelin ratios rarely.
Objective. To evaluate the maternal inflammatory response to microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) in women with preterm labor and preterm prelabor rupture of membranes using selected proteins in the maternal serum. Design. A prospective cohort study. Setting. Labor ward from Salgrenska University Hospital. The evaluation of the maternal inflammatory response in the presence of MIAC in preterm labor and preterm prelabor rupture of membranes. Population. One hundred and sixteen women with preterm labor and 73 women with preterm prelabor rupture of membranes between the gestational ages of 22+0 and 33+6 weeks. Methods. Twenty-seven maternal serum proteins were assayed by a multiple immunoassay. Main outcome measures. The maternal serum inflammatory response was evaluated according to the presence of MIAC. Data were stratified by gestational age. Results. There were few differences in the maternal serum protein levels when MIAC was present in both preterm labor and preterm prelabor ...
Methods. The amniotic fluid samples from 315 healthy pregnant women (aged 22-43 years, mean 37 years; gestational age 14 to 22 weeks, mean 17 weeks) were examined. The normality of all pregnancies was confirmed at birth. The amniotic fluid samples were examined from three pregnancies (aged 36, 35, and 30 years; gestational ages 16, 18, 24 weeks) with fetal unilateral cleft lip and palate (confirmed at birth), as diagnosed by ultrasound. Lactate dehydrogenase and creatine phosphokinase were tested as "metabolic" markers ...
AF donors, who undergo amniocentesis for maternal age, are selected by a gynecologist of Prenatal Diagnosis Unit, who shows the biobank aims and provides donation informed consent.. Samples are transfer in a refrigerated CE container keeping transport temperature between 10°-20°C; time between sampling and treatment is 30.. For cryopreservation DMSO is directly added to the AF cell suspension at a 10% final concentration.. Samples are aseptically treated under a dedicated biobank laboratory A+ laminar flow hoods.. AF are frozen in a controlled rate freezer according to a profile suitable for stem cells, up to a final temperature of -140°C, and stored in nitrogen vapor dedicated dewars at -175°C.. AF underwent aerobic and anaerobic contamination test through seeding in specific media.. Donors underwent virological tests at amniocentesis and after 4 months (HIV1-2, HBsAg, HBeAg, HBaAg, HBeAb, HBcA, HCV, TPHA, VDRL, CMV). AF are quarantined in a dedicated dewar until the final test ...
Multiple definitions of oligohydramnios are used because no ideal cutoff level for intervention exists. Oligohydramnios is characterized by the following features: Diminished amniotic fluid volume (AFV) Amniotic fluid volume of less than 500 mL at 32-36 weeks gestation - Amniotic fluid volume depends on the gestational age; therefore, the ...
The amniotic sac, commonly called the bag of waters, sometimes the membranes, is the sac in which the fetus develops in amniotes. It is a thin but tough transparent pair of membranes that hold a developing embryo (and later fetus) until shortly before birth. The inner of these fetal membranes, the amnion, encloses the amniotic cavity, containing the amniotic fluid and the fetus. The outer membrane, the chorion, contains the amnion and is part of the placenta. On the outer side, the amniotic sac is connected to the yolk sac, the allantois and, via the umbilical cord, to the placenta. Amniocentesis is a medical procedure where fluid from the sac is sampled to be used in prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities and fetal infections. The amniotic cavity is the closed sac between the embryo and the amnion, containing the amniotic fluid. The amniotic cavity is formed by the fusion of the parts of the amniotic fold, which first makes its appearance at the cephalic extremity, and subsequently at ...
Preterm labor usually begins shortly after pPROM occurs. Sometimes, when a slow leak is present and infection has not developed, contractions may not start for a few days or longer. In general, the later in a pregnancy PROM occurs, the sooner the onset of labor.. Sometimes a leak high up in the amniotic sac may reseal itself so that preterm labor does not start or subsides.. In rare cases, a pregnancy can be carried to term if pPROM occurs in the second trimester.. Standard treatment for pPROM. Standard treatment for pPROM includes antenatal corticosteroid medicines, which are used to speed up fetal lung maturity at or before 34 weeks of pregnancy.. Other treatment for pPROM. Other treatment for pPROM may include:. ...
Updated: December 2017 This post is in response to readers asking me to cover the topic of induction for low amniotic fluid volume (AFV). Most of the content is available in textbooks, in particular Coad and Dunstall 2011 and Beall and Ross (2011), and I have provided references/links for research where I have stepped outside…
Updated: December 2017 This post is in response to readers asking me to cover the topic of induction for low amniotic fluid volume (AFV). Most of the content is available in textbooks, in particular Coad and Dunstall 2011 and Beall and Ross (2011), and I have provided references/links for research where I have stepped outside…
Now that youre 12 weeks pregnant, your dexanethasone has grown to the size of an Amaretto cookie, a bittersweet Dexamethasone in pregnancy for lung maturity creation with a romantic story attached. There is currently a medication that can prevent the transmission of HIV called Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, or PrEP. Some tissue remains in the uterus. And I agree with Amy you can a lot better stories on the Internet. Normally thought to be a trigger of adjusting hormones in your body throughout pregnancy, complications are widespread maladies of parenting plan template alabama who are newly pregnant. If a sperm meets the egg, fertilisation may occur. If you dont, the effectiveness of this method decreases. Many people dont realize that diet foods, soda pop (including diet formula) aspartame and other substitute sugars, and HFCS, are enhanced flavorings. Dun dun dun. Bend your right knee and take dexamethasone in pregnancy for lung maturity right foot over the left knee. In fact, most pregnant women ...
Low amniotic fluid, or oligohydramnios, is a condition experienced by pregnant women with variable causes and treatments. When a baby is developing, it is surrounded by amniotic fluid. This fluid helps create a safe and stable environment for the baby by helping maintain temperature, providing a medium for the baby to move in, preventing umbilical cord compression, and serving as a cushion between the baby and the mother. Normally, fluid level gradually increases until 34-36 weeks of pregnancy, reaching about a quart of fluid, and then gradually decreases until birth. A low level of fluid, especially in the earlier stages of pregnancy, can indicate problems with the developing baby or its environment. Some of the most common causes of low amniotic fluid are a tear in the amniotic membrane, the separation of the placenta from the uterine wall, a birth defect, twins, and certain medical conditions in the mother, such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Signs of low fluid include leaking fluid from ...
Amniocentesis was performed in the 15th week of a pregnancy at risk for Wolmans disease. The cultured amniotic fluid cells were found to have a severe deficiency of acid esterase activity consistent with homozygosity of the fetus. The pregnancy was terminated in the 19th week and the prenatal diagnosis confirmed by enzymic and chemical evaluation of the fetal tissues.. ...
0048] Suitable samples for the methods described herein include any biological fluid, cell, tissue, or fraction thereof, that includes biomolecules indicative of a metabolic state (e.g., a metabolic disorder characterized by altered succinylacetone levels such as Hereditary tyrosinemia type I). A sample can be, for example, a specimen obtained from a subject (e.g., a mammal such as a human) or can be derived from such a subject. For example, a sample can be a tissue section obtained by biopsy, or cells that are placed in or adapted to tissue culture. Exemplary samples therefore include cultured fibroblasts, cultured amniotic fluid cells, and chorionic villus sample. A sample can also be a biological fluid specimen such as urine, blood, plasma, serum, saliva, semen, sputum, cerebral spinal fluid, tears, mucus, and the like. A sample can be further fractionated, if desired, to a fraction containing particular cell types. For example, a blood sample can be fractionated into serum or into fractions ...
In Japan, squamous cell carcinoma-derived lesions account for more than 90% of cases of esophageal cancer. Great importance is attached to a thorough lymph node dissection in surgical resection, and open thoracotomy is used as the standard procedure in many institutions, which is highly invasive. In 1992, Cushieri et al. first described the less-invasive thoracoscopic technique for esophageal cancer, [5] and a large-scale, multicenter, prospective study of invasiveness in thoracotomy and thoracoscopic surgery is currently underway in Japan. [6] We performed completely thoracoscopic surgery for esophageal cancer in the left lateral decubitus position on 654 patients between November 1996 and July 2015, representing the largest number of cases of standardized surgery performed in the left lateral decubitus position at a single institution worldwide.. In the early period defined in this study (1996-2008), the surgical procedure was introduced, and surgery was performed mainly by a single operator ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Summary: To examine the effect of beta adrenergic drugs on fetal lung development, we administered isoxsuprine to pregnant rabbits for 24 hr and measured indices of pulmonary surfactant synthesis, storage, and release in rabbit fetuses at 26 days gestation. Incorporation of radiolabeled choline into total and disaturated phosphatidylcholine was measured in vitro in fetal lung slices. There was a significant increase in the rate of choline incorporation into disaturated phosphatidylcholine in the isoxsuprine-treated group and a tendency toward an increased incorporation into total phosphatidylcholine as well. We also observed an increase in the pulmonary phospholipid reservoir as evidenced by a significant increase in total lung disaturated phosphatidylcholine and a trend toward higher total lung phosphatidylcholine in the isoxsuprine group. In addition, there was a significant increase in lung lavage L/S ratio in the treated fetuses and in lung deflation stability determined by pressure volume curve. We
The aim was to analyse reproductive outcome in pregnancy subsequent to a previous midtrimester pregnancy loss.. This was a retrospective case note review over a 4 year period. Patients who had a midtrimester pregnancy loss (,13 and,24 weeks gestation by ultrasound) were identified. A subgroup who achieved subsequent pregnancy formed the study group. The authors assessed their previous pregnancy loss, results of investigations and reviewed their care and outcome in next pregnancy.. Of the 86 patients who had midtrimester loss 56 (65%) had a subsequent pregnancy and formed the study group. Median age was 31 and 17 were nulliparous. Median gestation at midtrimester spontaneous abortion was 17 weeks. Pregnancy loss was classified as intrauterine fetal death (22), bleeding (11), fetal abnormality (9), cervical incompetence (6) and prelabour premature rupture of membranes (8). Investigation revealed two maternal thrombophilias, two fetal chromosomal abnormalities, two with two vessel cord and eight ...
Maternal immunoglobulin-G (IgG) is known to be transported across the placental syncytiotrophoblast during the period when the human fetus is incapable of manufacturing these defensive molecules. In this study we investigated the possible role of the amniochorion, that surrounds the amniotic cavity in which the fetus lies, in the transfer of immunoglobulin. Endogenous IgG was localised in the amniochorion by confocal immunofluorescence microscopy and by ultrastructural labelling of ultrathin frozen tissue sections using the protein A-gold technique. Immunoreactivity was identified in the extracellular matrix tissues and necrotic amniotic epithelial cells. Healthy amniotic epithelial cells and cytotrophoblast cells of the chorion laeve were devoid of endogenous IgG. These results suggest a possible nonspecific paracellular transport pathway between cytotrophoblast cells, which may conceivably contribute to the acquisition of passive immunity by the fetus, and offer a rational explanation for the ...

Amniotic fluid embolism.Amniotic fluid embolism.

... characteristically referred to as Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE). The underlying mechanism for AFE is still poorly understood. ... The disastrous entry of amniotic fluid into the maternal circulation leads to dramatic sequelae of clinical events, ... Amniotic fluid embolismObstet and Gynecol C1 N AmYear: 19992643544. 9. Gei G,Hankins GD. Amniotic fluid embolism: An ... United kingdom amniotic fluid embolism registerBJ0GYear: 200511216259. 7. Morgan M. Amniotic fluid embolismAnesthesiaYear: ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Amniotic-fluid-embolism/20040809.html

Case Scenario: Amniotic Fluid Embolism | Anesthesiology | ASA PublicationsCase Scenario: Amniotic Fluid Embolism | Anesthesiology | ASA Publications

Awad IT, Shorten GD: Amniotic fluid embolism and isolated coagulopathy: Atypical presentation of amniotic fluid embolism. Eur J ... or any other breach of the barrier between maternal blood and amniotic fluid allows the forced entry of amniotic fluid into the ... Case Scenario: Amniotic Fluid Embolism Laura S. Dean, M.D.; Raford P. Rogers, M.D.; Russell A. Harley, M.D.; David D. Hood, M.D ... Microscopically, amniotic fluid debris may be found in other organs.30 - 32 Hankins et al . showed that much of observable ...
more infohttp://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=1934010

Sabinet | Amnionvog-embolisme (amniotic fluid embolism) - 'n bewese geval en 'n kort samevatting van die literatuurSabinet | Amnionvog-embolisme (amniotic fluid embolism) - 'n bewese geval en 'n kort samevatting van die literatuur

A fatal case of amniotic fluid embolism in a Coloured multipara with toxaemia and placenta praevia, which resulted in an intra- ... Keyword(s) : Amniotic fluid embolism, Case report, Coloured multipara, Obstetrics and gynaecology, Pathology and Placenta ... A fatal case of amniotic fluid embolism in a Coloured multipara with toxaemia and placenta praevia, which resulted in an intra- ... oa South African Medical Journal - Amnionvog-embolisme (amniotic fluid embolism) - 'n bewese geval en 'n kort ...
more infohttp://journals.co.za/content/m_samj/33/50/AJA20785135_40049

Amniotic Fluid Embolism - Cancer Therapy AdvisorAmniotic Fluid Embolism - Cancer Therapy Advisor

"Amniotic fluid embolism: analysis of the national registry". Am J Obstet Gynecol. vol. 172. 1995. pp. 1158-67. ... Davies, S. "Amniotic fluid embolus: a review of the literature". Can J Anesth. vol. 48. 2001. pp. 88-98. ... Conde-Agudelo, A, Romero, R. "Amniotic fluid embolism: an evidence-based review". Am J Obstet Gynecol. vol. 201. 2009. pp. e441 ... "Amniotic fluid embolism: diagnosis and management". Am J Obstet Gynecol. vol. 215. 2016. pp. B16-24. ...
more infohttp://www.cancertherapyadvisor.com/anesthesiology/amniotic-fluid-embolism/article/582480/

Amniotic fluid embolism: active surveillance versus retrospective database review - Nuffield Department of Population HealthAmniotic fluid embolism: active surveillance versus retrospective database review - Nuffield Department of Population Health

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click Continue well assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you wont see this message again. Click Find out more for information on how to change your cookie settings ...
more infohttps://www.ndph.ox.ac.uk/publications/236836

What is Amniotic Fluid Embolism? - Amniotic Fluid Embolism FoundationWhat is Amniotic Fluid Embolism? - Amniotic Fluid Embolism Foundation

Amniotic fluid embolism or AFE is a life-threatening, acute and unexpected birth complication that can affect both mother and ... Copyright 2018 Amniotic Fluid Embolism Foundation. All rights reserved. The AFE Foundation is a not for profit 501(c)3 ... Amniotic fluid embolism (also referred to as anaphylactoid syndrome of pregnancy) was originally defined as a disease in 1941. ... Our website continues to be the leading source of information about amniotic fluid embolism and is a vital to our mission. It ...
more infohttps://www.afesupport.org/what-is-amniotic-fluid-embolism/

A case of amniotic fluid embolism in a twin pregnancy in the s...A case of amniotic fluid embolism in a twin pregnancy in the s...

We present a case of amniotic fluid embolism which is unusual in its presentatio ... A case of amniotic fluid embolism in a twin pregnancy in the second trimester.: ... A case of amniotic fluid embolism in a twin pregnancy in the second trimester.. Authors * Kelly, M C ... We present a case of amniotic fluid embolism which is unusual in its presentation in the second trimester of a twin pregnancy, ...
more infohttps://www.mysciencework.com/publication/show/case-amniotic-fluid-embolism-twin-pregnancy-second-trimester-670add3b

RMMG - Revista Médica de Minas GeraisRMMG - Revista Médica de Minas Gerais

Amniotic Fluid Embolism (AFE) is rare, but associated with high mortality and as well morbidity rates for the binomial maternal ... Although mortality due to Amniotic Fluid Embolism has decreased in recent surveys, it still remains among the most important ... Keywords Embolism, Amniotic Fluid; Maternal Mortality; Hypertension, Pulmonary; Heart Failure; Disseminated Intravascular ... because there is still not any laboratory or imaging method able to confirm the Amniotic fluid embolism. After initial ...
more infohttp://www.rmmg.org/sumario/103

Fausts Study: March 2014Faust's Study: March 2014

... the amniotic membrane is ruptured so as to permit free flow of the amniotic fluid from the uterus. The amniotic fluid is ... Removal of the amniotic fluid reduces if not eliminates the risk of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE), probably the most dangerous ... This prevents the patient from experiencing an amniotic fluid embolism, in which the amniotic fluid can enter the bloodstream ... Release of the amniotic fluid allows the uterus to contract and become firm, reducing the risk of perforation of the uterus ...
more infohttp://faustsstudy.blogspot.com/2014/03/

Fausts Study: March 2014Faust's Study: March 2014

... the amniotic membrane is ruptured so as to permit free flow of the amniotic fluid from the uterus. The amniotic fluid is ... Removal of the amniotic fluid reduces if not eliminates the risk of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE), probably the most dangerous ... This prevents the patient from experiencing an amniotic fluid embolism, in which the amniotic fluid can enter the bloodstream ... Release of the amniotic fluid allows the uterus to contract and become firm, reducing the risk of perforation of the uterus ...
more infohttp://faustsstudy.blogspot.com/2014_03_01_archive.html

Amniotic fluid: Functions and disordersAmniotic fluid: Functions and disorders

These include having too much or too little amniotic fluid, and what happens if fluid leaks. ... This article looks at what amniotic fluid is, its functions, and some disorders. ... Amniotic fluid is the fluid that surrounds and protects an embryo while it is growing in the uterus. It is essential for fetal ... Stem Cells From Amniotic Fluid It is possible to take stem cells from amniotic fluid and reprogram them to a more versatile ...
more infohttps://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/307082.php

Amniotic fluid embolism. | The BMJAmniotic fluid embolism. | The BMJ

Amniotic fluid embolism.. Br Med J 1970; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.5695.545 (Published 28 February 1970) Cite this ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/1/5695/545

Amniotic fluid - WikipediaAmniotic fluid - Wikipedia

Amniotic fluid is present from the formation of the gestational sac. Amniotic fluid is in the amniotic sac. It is generated ... The amniotic fluid is the protective liquid contained by the amniotic sac of a gravid amniote. This fluid serves as a cushion ... Complications related to amniotic fluidEdit. Too little amniotic fluid (oligohydramnios) can be a cause or an indicator of ... Swallowed amniotic fluid creates urine and contributes to the formation of meconium. Amniotic fluid protects the developing ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amniotic_fluid

Articles about Amniotic Fluid - tribunedigital-chicagotribuneArticles about Amniotic Fluid - tribunedigital-chicagotribune

Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Amniotic Fluid From The tribunedigital-chicagotribune ... Amniotic fluid surrounding unborn babies in the womb contains surfactant, a chemical critical for lung function in newborns. ... Doctors at the clinic said the death was the result of an amniotic fluid embolism, a rare occurrence in which a bubble of ... Doctors at the clinic said the death was the result of an amniotic fluid embolism, a rare occurrence in which a bubble of ...
more infohttp://articles.chicagotribune.com/keyword/amniotic-fluid

Leaking Amniotic Fluid: How to TellLeaking Amniotic Fluid: How to Tell

... you might be wondering if youre leaking amniotic fluid or if its something else. The level of amniotic fluid you retain will ... Heres how to tell if youre leaking amniotic fluid, your risk factors, and when to call your doctor. ... Vaginal fluid is usually white or yellow in color. Another way you can try to determine if the fluid is amniotic fluid is to ... Risk factors for amniotic fluid leakage. Leaking amniotic fluid can be dangerous for you and your baby at any point during your ...
more infohttps://www.healthline.com/health/pregnancy/leaking-amniotic-fluid

Amniotic Fluid Stem Cells: Future PerspectivesAmniotic Fluid Stem Cells: Future Perspectives

New interest in amniotic fluid-derived cells was initiated by two independent findings. In 2001, it was suggested that amniotic ... C. M. Gosden, "Amniotic fluid cell types and culture," British Medical Bulletin, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 348-354, 1983. View at ... Amniotic Fluid Stem Cells: Future Perspectives. Margit Rosner,1 Katharina Schipany,1 Bharanidharan Shanmugasundaram,1,2 Gert ... Today, amniotic fluid stem (AFS) cells are widely accepted as a new powerful tool for basic research as well as for the ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/sci/2012/741810/

Northside Hospital
				- Amniotic fluidNorthside Hospital - Amniotic fluid

Amniotic fluid not only protects the fetus from injury and temperature changes, it also is circulated by the fetus every 3 ...
more infohttp://www.northside.com/HealthLibrary/?Path=HIE+Multimedia%5C2%5C17008.htm

Amniotic FluidAmniotic Fluid

Script: By 4 weeks the clear amnion surrounds the embryo in a fluid-filled sac. This sterile liquid, called amniotic fluid, ...
more infohttp://www.ehd.org/movies/20/Amniotic-Fluid

Stem Cells In Amniotic Fluid Show Promise - latimesStem Cells In Amniotic Fluid Show Promise - latimes

Researchers have found that some stem cells in human amniotic fluid appear to have many of the key therapeutic benefits of ... Amniotic-fluid stem cells, which are sloughed off by the fetus, are "a different kind of a stem cell," Atala said. "Its not as ... Amniotic-fluid stem cells lie somewhere between the two major categories of stem cells: embryonic and adult. ... Researchers have found that some stem cells in human amniotic fluid appear to have many of the key therapeutic benefits of ...
more infohttp://articles.latimes.com/2007/jan/08/science/sci-stemcells8

Amniotic FluidAmniotic Fluid

Script: By 4 weeks the clear amnion surrounds the embryo in a fluid-filled sac. This sterile liquid, called amniotic fluid, ...
more infohttps://www.ehd.org/movies/20/comments_rating.php?redirect=%2Fmovies.php%3Fmov_id%3D20%26language%3D56&

Amniotic Fluid Cell Culture, Cytogenetics LabAmniotic Fluid Cell Culture, Cytogenetics Lab

This test is intended for amniotic fluid samples that does not have any accompanying cytogenetic test order (e.g. chromosome ...
more infohttps://www.nationwidechildrens.org/specialties/laboratory-services/lab-test-directory/amniotic-fluid-culture-only-cytogenetics-lab

Amniotic fluid or urine - BabyCenterAmniotic fluid or urine - BabyCenter

I went in on the weekend to hospital and tested negative for amniotic fluid when I thought I had been leaking with exercise. ... I was admitted to the hospital on Saturday due to low amniotic fluid. The doctors thought I was leaking as well. I just do a ... I was admitted to the hospital on Saturday due to low amniotic fluid. The doctors thought I was leaking as well. I just do a ... I went in on the weekend to hospital and tested negative for amniotic fluid when I thought I had been leaking with exercise. ...
more infohttps://community.babycenter.com/post/a68854663/amniotic-fluid-or-urine

Patent US6363271 - Amniotic fluid alerting device - Google PatentsPatent US6363271 - Amniotic fluid alerting device - Google Patents

When amniotic fluid is released through the cervix into the vagina, a quantity thereof may pass into the housing and sensed by ... The device comprises a housing manufactured from biocompatible material having a hole through which amniotic fluid in the ... by which a female patient or her health caregiver is notified of the rupture of membranes by the release of amniotic fluid. ... When amniotic fluid is discharged from the uterus into the vagina (the water breaks), a portion of the fluid flows through the ...
more infohttp://www.google.com/patents/US6363271?dq=6,977,809&ei=-AObT5vAOoSgiQL_5qznDg

Amniotic fluid: MedlinePlus Medical EncyclopediaAmniotic fluid: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Amniotic fluid is a clear, slightly yellowish liquid that surrounds the unborn baby (fetus) during pregnancy. It is contained ... While in the womb, the baby floats in the amniotic fluid. The amount of amniotic fluid is greatest at about 34 weeks (gestation ... The amniotic fluid constantly moves (circulates) as the baby swallows and "inhales" the fluid, and then releases it. ... Amniotic fluid disorders. In: Gabbe SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, et al, eds. Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies. 7th ed. ...
more infohttps://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002220.htm

Low Amniotic Fluid Levels: Oligohydramnios: Causes & TreatmentLow Amniotic Fluid Levels: Oligohydramnios: Causes & Treatment

There are many causes, risks and treatment for low amniotic fluid levels. ... Having low amniotic fluid levels is a condition called Oligohydramnios. ... Low Amniotic Fluid Levels: Oligohydramnios Home / Pregnancy Complications / Low Amniotic Fluid Levels: Oligohydramnios ... Low Amniotic Fluid Levels: Oligohydramnios: Causes, Risks and Treatment. The amniotic fluid is part of the babys life support ...
more infohttps://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-complications/oligohydramnios/
  • Lipid-bearing cells in the amniotic fluid appeared after 371/2weeks' gestation in association with fetal lung maturity. (ovid.com)
  • A subpopulation of the cells in the amniotic fluid, referred to as c-kit+, can be expanded to more than 250 population doublings while maintaining normal chromosones and long telomeres. (parentsguidecordblood.org)
  • This was an in silico (computational) investigation using publicly available gene expression data previously produced by our group from 12 euploid midtrimester amniotic fluid samples. (lww.com)
  • At first, amniotic fluid consists of water from the mother's body, but gradually, the larger proportion is made up of the baby's urine. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Amniotic fluid protects the developing baby by cushioning against blows to the mother's abdomen, allowing for easier fetal movement and promoting muscular/skeletal development. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this disorder, it is hypothesized that a pregnant woman has a severe, allergic reaction to amniotic fluid or other fetal material such as fetal cells, which enter the mother's bloodstream. (rarediseases.org)
  • Researchers and physicians do not fully understand why amniotic fluid or fetal cells entering the mother's bloodstream causes this reaction in some women. (rarediseases.org)
  • The amniotic fluid and other material enters the mother's bloodstream, most likely due to small tears in the lower part of the uterus, the part of the cervix that forms a canal connecting the vagina to the uterus (endocervix), or because of damage or abnormality affecting the placenta. (rarediseases.org)
  • Too much amniotic fluid can cause the mother's uterus to become overdistended and may lead to preterm labor or premature rupture of membranes (the amniotic sac). (chop.edu)
  • While it's possible to break the water balloon, causing a strong gush of fluid (known as your water breaking), it's also possible that a small hole could develop in the sac. (healthline.com)
  • Intra-amniotic inflammation is defined by elevated inflammatory biomarkers in the amniotic fluid (AF), either due to microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) or sterile inflammation. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Amniotic fluid disorders. (medlineplus.gov)
  • After gestational week 15, fetuses with trisomy 21 or 18, anencephaly, or renal disorders were associated with low amniotic fluid PSA levels. (nih.gov)
  • The presence of fetal-brain specific transcripts in amniotic fluid suggests novel approaches to the study of developmental disorders that involve the central nervous system. (lww.com)
  • [ citation needed ] After the 15th-25th week of pregnancy when the keratinization of an embryo's skin occurs, [ citation needed ] the fluid is primarily absorbed by the fetal gut. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead, lung development occurs as a result of the production of fetal lung fluid which expands the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • If lack of amniotic fluid occurs in late pregnancy, the normal procedure is to induce labor. (hubpages.com)
  • In 2001, it was suggested that amniotic fluid cells could be used in tissue engineering approaches for the surgical repair of congenital anomalies in the perinatal period. (hindawi.com)
  • Amniotic fluid or serum PSA was measured with an ultrasensitive time-resolved immunofluorometric procedure. (nih.gov)
  • Your doctor can measure your amniotic fluid levels using an ultrasound. (healthline.com)
  • In addition to a complete medical history and a physical examination, hydramnios is usually diagnosed with ultrasound (a test using sound waves to create a picture of internal structures) by measuring pockets of fluid to estimate the total volume. (chop.edu)
  • The aim of the study is to determine the efficacy of an Amniotic Fluid Tissue Product for pain relief and functional improvements for all types of musculoskeletal conditions. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Functional analysis identified six physiologic systems represented in the amniotic fluid core transcriptome, including musculoskeletal and nervous system development and function and embryonic and organismal development. (lww.com)
  • Too little fluid for long periods may cause abnormal or incomplete development of the lungs called pulmonary hypoplasia. (chop.edu)
  • Prostate-specific antigen in amniotic fluid of normal and abnormal pregnancies. (nih.gov)
  • The amniotic fluid is essential for the development of muscles, limbs, lungs, and the digestive system. (americanpregnancy.org)
  • Too much amniotic fluid is called polyhydramnios . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Polyhydramnios happens in 2 out of 100 pregnancies and in most cases is nothing more than a normal accumulation of fluid, which disappears spontaneously in half of cases. (hubpages.com)
  • This is because the fluid contains metabolic wastes and compounds used in assessing fetal age and lung maturity, but amniotic fluid also contains fetal cells, which can be examined for genetic defects. (wikipedia.org)
  • This disorder can increase fetal lung fluid production. (hubpages.com)
  • Artificial rupture of membrane (ARM), a manual rupture of the amniotic sac, can also be performed to release the fluid if the amnion has not spontaneously ruptured. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amniotic fluid also contains vital components, such as nutrients, hormones, and infection-fighting antibodies. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The hormones in the amniotic fluid have been thought to stimulate contractions, but not only does breaking the water fail to speed up labor, it also fails to improve a woman's satisfaction with the birth experience, an analysis by the Cochrane Review found. (chicagotribune.com)
  • As the baby floats inside the amniotic sac, it has the freedom to move about, giving muscles and bones the opportunity to develop properly. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • You need to immediately consult your doctor if you know you have lack of amniotic fluid and you notice any signs of decreased fetal movement. (hubpages.com)
  • Breathing problems can progress to acute respiratory failure a severe, life-threatening complication where damage and fluid leakage into the lungs makes breathing difficult or impossible. (rarediseases.org)
  • The amniotic fluid constantly moves (circulates) as the baby swallows and "inhales" the fluid, and then releases it. (medlineplus.gov)