Sulfuric acid diammonium salt. It is used in CHEMICAL FRACTIONATION of proteins.
Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with hydrocarbyl groups. These are distinguished from IMINES which are RN=CR2.
A heteropolysaccharide that is similar in structure to HEPARIN. It accumulates in individuals with MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
An acidifying agent that has expectorant and diuretic effects. Also used in etching and batteries and as a flux in electroplating.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The formation of a solid in a solution as a result of a chemical reaction or the aggregation of soluble substances into complexes large enough to fall out of solution.
Inorganic salts of sulfuric acid.
A method which uses specific precipitation reactions to separate or collect substances from a solution.
Chromatography on non-ionic gels without regard to the mechanism of solute discrimination.
Inorganic compounds that include a positively charged tetrahedral nitrogen (ammonium ion) as part of their structure. This class of compounds includes a broad variety of simple ammonium salts and derivatives.
Separation technique in which the stationary phase consists of ion exchange resins. The resins contain loosely held small ions that easily exchange places with other small ions of like charge present in solutions washed over the resins.
A naturally occurring glycosaminoglycan found mostly in the skin and in connective tissue. It differs from CHONDROITIN SULFATE A (see CHONDROITIN SULFATES) by containing IDURONIC ACID in place of glucuronic acid, its epimer, at carbon atom 5. (from Merck, 12th ed)
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
Techniques used to separate mixtures of substances based on differences in the relative affinities of the substances for mobile and stationary phases. A mobile phase (fluid or gas) passes through a column containing a stationary phase of porous solid or liquid coated on a solid support. Usage is both analytical for small amounts and preparative for bulk amounts.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Ubiquitous macromolecules associated with the cell surface and extracellular matrix of a wide range of cells of vertebrate and invertebrate tissues. They are essential cofactors in cell-matrix adhesion processes, in cell-cell recognition systems, and in receptor-growth factor interactions. (From Cancer Metastasis Rev 1996; 15(2): 177-86; Hepatology 1996; 24(3): 524-32)
The formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.
A sulfated mucopolysaccharide initially isolated from bovine cornea. At least two types are known. Type I, found mostly in the cornea, contains D-galactose and D-glucosamine-6-O-sulfate as the repeating unit; type II, found in skeletal tissues, contains D-galactose and D-galactosamine-6-O-sulfate as the repeating unit.
Proteoglycans consisting of proteins linked to one or more CHONDROITIN SULFATE-containing oligosaccharide chains.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
A type of ion exchange chromatography using diethylaminoethyl cellulose (DEAE-CELLULOSE) as a positively charged resin. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The pH in solutions of proteins and related compounds at which the dipolar ions are at a maximum.
Long-chain polymer of glucose containing 17-20% sulfur. It has been used as an anticoagulant and also has been shown to inhibit the binding of HIV-1 to CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES. It is commonly used as both an experimental and clinical laboratory reagent and has been investigated for use as an antiviral agent, in the treatment of hypolipidemia, and for the prevention of free radical damage, among other applications.
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
A colorless alkaline gas. It is formed in the body during decomposition of organic materials during a large number of metabolically important reactions. Note that the aqueous form of ammonia is referred to as AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
An anionic surfactant, usually a mixture of sodium alkyl sulfates, mainly the lauryl; lowers surface tension of aqueous solutions; used as fat emulsifier, wetting agent, detergent in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and toothpastes; also as research tool in protein biochemistry.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
A chromatographic technique that utilizes the ability of biological molecules to bind to certain ligands specifically and reversibly. It is used in protein biochemistry. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The hydroxy salt of ammonium ion. It is formed when AMMONIA reacts with water molecules in solution.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Separation of a mixture in successive stages, each stage removing from the mixture some proportion of one of the substances, for example by differential solubility in water-solvent mixtures. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Electrophoresis in which a pH gradient is established in a gel medium and proteins migrate until they reach the site (or focus) at which the pH is equal to their isoelectric point.
Technique involving the diffusion of antigen or antibody through a semisolid medium, usually agar or agarose gel, with the result being a precipitin reaction.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
The extent to which an enzyme retains its structural conformation or its activity when subjected to storage, isolation, and purification or various other physical or chemical manipulations, including proteolytic enzymes and heat.
The scattering of x-rays by matter, especially crystals, with accompanying variation in intensity due to interference effects. Analysis of the crystal structure of materials is performed by passing x-rays through them and registering the diffraction image of the rays (CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, X-RAY). (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Heteropolysaccharides which contain an N-acetylated hexosamine in a characteristic repeating disaccharide unit. The repeating structure of each disaccharide involves alternate 1,4- and 1,3-linkages consisting of either N-acetylglucosamine or N-acetylgalactosamine.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Electrophoresis in which discontinuities in both the voltage and pH gradients are introduced by using buffers of different composition and pH in the different parts of the gel column. The term 'disc' was originally used as an abbreviation for 'discontinuous' referring to the buffers employed, and does not have anything to do with the shape of the separated zones.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
A small colorless crystal used as an anticonvulsant, a cathartic, and an electrolyte replenisher in the treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. It causes direct inhibition of action potentials in myometrial muscle cells. Excitation and contraction are uncoupled, which decreases the frequency and force of contractions. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1083)
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
A group of compounds with the general formula M10(PO4)6(OH)2, where M is barium, strontium, or calcium. The compounds are the principal mineral in phosphorite deposits, biological tissue, human bones, and teeth. They are also used as an anticaking agent and polymer catalysts. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Enzymes which transfer sulfate groups to various acceptor molecules. They are involved in posttranslational sulfation of proteins and sulfate conjugation of exogenous chemicals and bile acids. EC 2.8.2.
Oligosaccharides containing two monosaccharide units linked by a glycosidic bond.
A sulfate salt of copper. It is a potent emetic and is used as an antidote for poisoning by phosphorus. It also can be used to prevent the growth of algae.
Glycoproteins which have a very high polysaccharide content.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
A basic science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter; and the reactions that occur between substances and the associated energy exchange.
The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.
Compounds and molecular complexes that consist of very large numbers of atoms and are generally over 500 kDa in size. In biological systems macromolecular substances usually can be visualized using ELECTRON MICROSCOPY and are distinguished from ORGANELLES by the lack of a membrane structure.
The composition, conformation, and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.
A compound given in the treatment of conditions associated with zinc deficiency such as acrodermatitis enteropathica. Externally, zinc sulfate is used as an astringent in lotions and eye drops. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
Substances elaborated by specific strains of bacteria that are lethal against other strains of the same or related species. They are protein or lipopolysaccharide-protein complexes used in taxonomy studies of bacteria.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A mucopolysaccharide constituent of chondrin. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The largest class of organic compounds, including STARCH; GLYCOGEN; CELLULOSE; POLYSACCHARIDES; and simple MONOSACCHARIDES. Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of Cn(H2O)n.
The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Hydrolases that specifically cleave the peptide bonds found in PROTEINS and PEPTIDES. Examples of sub-subclasses for this group include EXOPEPTIDASES and ENDOPEPTIDASES.
The circulating form of a major C19 steroid produced primarily by the ADRENAL CORTEX. DHEA sulfate serves as a precursor for TESTOSTERONE; ANDROSTENEDIONE; ESTRADIOL; and ESTRONE.
The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.
The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.
A genus of BACILLACEAE that are spore-forming, rod-shaped cells. Most species are saprophytic soil forms with only a few species being pathogenic.
A calcium salt that is used for a variety of purposes including: building materials, as a desiccant, in dentistry as an impression material, cast, or die, and in medicine for immobilizing casts and as a tablet excipient. It exists in various forms and states of hydration. Plaster of Paris is a mixture of powdered and heat-treated gypsum.
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped LACTIC ACID bacteria that is frequently used as starter culture in SILAGE fermentation, sourdough, and lactic-acid-fermented types of beer and wine.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
The separation of particles from a suspension by passage through a filter with very fine pores. In ultrafiltration the separation is accomplished by convective transport; in DIALYSIS separation relies instead upon differential diffusion. Ultrafiltration occurs naturally and is a laboratory procedure. Artificial ultrafiltration of the blood is referred to as HEMOFILTRATION or HEMODIAFILTRATION (if combined with HEMODIALYSIS).
A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.
Organic esters of sulfuric acid.
Separation of particles according to density by employing a gradient of varying densities. At equilibrium each particle settles in the gradient at a point equal to its density. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Centrifugation with a centrifuge that develops centrifugal fields of more than 100,000 times gravity. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A group of carbon-oxygen lyases. These enzymes catalyze the breakage of a carbon-oxygen bond in polysaccharides leading to an unsaturated product and the elimination of an alcohol. EC 4.2.2.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is used for forage.
Inorganic or organic salts and esters of nitric acid. These compounds contain the NO3- radical.
A mitosporic Trichocomaceae fungal genus that develops fruiting organs resembling a broom. When identified, teleomorphs include EUPENICILLIUM and TALAROMYCES. Several species (but especially PENICILLIUM CHRYSOGENUM) are sources of the antibiotic penicillin.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
A technique that combines protein electrophoresis and double immunodiffusion. In this procedure proteins are first separated by gel electrophoresis (usually agarose), then made visible by immunodiffusion of specific antibodies. A distinct elliptical precipitin arc results for each protein detectable by the antisera.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
Chloride and mercury-containing derivatives of benzoic acid.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Carbohydrates consisting of between two (DISACCHARIDES) and ten MONOSACCHARIDES connected by either an alpha- or beta-glycosidic link. They are found throughout nature in both the free and bound form.
Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Positively charged atoms, radicals or groups of atoms with a valence of plus 2, which travel to the cathode or negative pole during electrolysis.
Inorganic and organic derivatives of sulfuric acid (H2SO4). The salts and esters of sulfuric acid are known as SULFATES and SULFURIC ACID ESTERS respectively.
A chelating agent that sequesters a variety of polyvalent cations such as CALCIUM. It is used in pharmaceutical manufacturing and as a food additive.
Enzymes which catalyze the elimination of glucuronate residues from chondroitin A,B, and C or which catalyze the hydrolysis of sulfate groups of the 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galactose 6-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate. EC 4.2.2.-.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 2.7.7.4.
A highly acidic mucopolysaccharide formed of equal parts of sulfated D-glucosamine and D-glucuronic acid with sulfaminic bridges. The molecular weight ranges from six to twenty thousand. Heparin occurs in and is obtained from liver, lung, mast cells, etc., of vertebrates. Its function is unknown, but it is used to prevent blood clotting in vivo and vitro, in the form of many different salts.
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The sequence of carbohydrates within POLYSACCHARIDES; GLYCOPROTEINS; and GLYCOLIPIDS.
Intracellular fluid from the cytoplasm after removal of ORGANELLES and other insoluble cytoplasmic components.
An exocellulase with specificity for a variety of beta-D-glycoside substrates. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing residues in beta-D-glucosides with release of GLUCOSE.
A proteolytic enzyme obtained from Streptomyces griseus.
A fractionated cell extract that maintains a biological function. A subcellular fraction isolated by ultracentrifugation or other separation techniques must first be isolated so that a process can be studied free from all of the complex side reactions that occur in a cell. The cell-free system is therefore widely used in cell biology. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p166)
Serum that contains antibodies. It is obtained from an animal that has been immunized either by ANTIGEN injection or infection with microorganisms containing the antigen.
Enzymes that hydrolyze O-glucosyl-compounds. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 3.2.1.-.
A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of an alpha L-fucoside to yield an alcohol and L-fucose. Deficiency of this enzyme can cause FUCOSIDOSIS. EC 3.2.1.51.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.
The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)
The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in SOIL and WATER. Its organisms are also found in raw meats, MILK and other FOOD, hospital environments, and human clinical specimens. Some species are pathogenic in humans.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
A method of gel filtration chromatography using agarose, the non-ionic component of agar, for the separation of compounds with molecular weights up to several million.
Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Any member of the class of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of the substrate and the addition of water to the resulting molecules, e.g., ESTERASES, glycosidases (GLYCOSIDE HYDROLASES), lipases, NUCLEOTIDASES, peptidases (PEPTIDE HYDROLASES), and phosphatases (PHOSPHORIC MONOESTER HYDROLASES). EC 3.
Chemical agents that react with SH groups. This is a chemically diverse group that is used for a variety of purposes. Among these are enzyme inhibition, enzyme reactivation or protection, and labelling.
A subclass of EXOPEPTIDASES that act on the free N terminus end of a polypeptide liberating a single amino acid residue. EC 3.4.11.
An electrochemical process in which macromolecules or colloidal particles with a net electric charge migrate in a solution under the influence of an electric current.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.
A genus of bacteria that form a nonfragmented aerial mycelium. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. This genus is responsible for producing a majority of the ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS of practical value.
Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
Membrane proteins whose primary function is to facilitate the transport of positively charged molecules (cations) across a biological membrane.
A process of selective diffusion through a membrane. It is usually used to separate low-molecular-weight solutes which diffuse through the membrane from the colloidal and high-molecular-weight solutes which do not. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A metallic element with the atomic symbol Mo, atomic number 42, and atomic weight 95.94. It is an essential trace element, being a component of the enzymes xanthine oxidase, aldehyde oxidase, and nitrate reductase. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.
The adhesion of gases, liquids, or dissolved solids onto a surface. It includes adsorptive phenomena of bacteria and viruses onto surfaces as well. ABSORPTION into the substance may follow but not necessarily.
A group of simple proteins that yield basic amino acids on hydrolysis and that occur combined with nucleic acid in the sperm of fish. Protamines contain very few kinds of amino acids. Protamine sulfate combines with heparin to form a stable inactive complex; it is used to neutralize the anticoagulant action of heparin in the treatment of heparin overdose. (From Merck Index, 11th ed; Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p692)
The mineral component of bones and teeth; it has been used therapeutically as a prosthetic aid and in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.
A genus of VIBRIONACEAE, made up of short, slightly curved, motile, gram-negative rods. Various species produce cholera and other gastrointestinal disorders as well as abortion in sheep and cattle.
Purifying or cleansing agents, usually salts of long-chain aliphatic bases or acids, that exert cleansing (oil-dissolving) and antimicrobial effects through a surface action that depends on possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties.
Enzymes which catalyze the elimination of delta-4,5-D-glucuronate residues from polysaccharides containing 1,4-beta-hexosaminyl and 1,3-beta-D-glucuronosyl or 1,3-alpha-L-iduronosyl linkages thereby bringing about depolymerization. EC 4.2.2.4 acts on chondroitin sulfate A and C as well as on dermatan sulfate and slowly on hyaluronate. EC 4.2.2.5 acts on chondroitin sulfate A and C.
Compounds which inhibit or antagonize biosynthesis or actions of proteases (ENDOPEPTIDASES).
A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on primary and secondary alcohols as well as hemiacetals. They are further classified according to the acceptor which can be NAD+ or NADP+ (subclass 1.1.1), cytochrome (1.1.2), oxygen (1.1.3), quinone (1.1.5), or another acceptor (1.1.99).
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of ATP, L-glutamate, and NH3 to ADP, orthophosphate, and L-glutamine. It also acts more slowly on 4-methylene-L-glutamate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 6.3.1.2.
Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
An enzyme of the isomerase class that catalyzes the eliminative cleavage of polysaccharides containing 1,4-linked D-glucuronate or L-iduronate residues and 1,4-alpha-linked 2-sulfoamino-2-deoxy-6-sulfo-D-glucose residues to give oligosaccharides with terminal 4-deoxy-alpha-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl groups at their non-reducing ends. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 4.2.2.7.
A serine endopeptidase that is formed from TRYPSINOGEN in the pancreas. It is converted into its active form by ENTEROPEPTIDASE in the small intestine. It catalyzes hydrolysis of the carboxyl group of either arginine or lysine. EC 3.4.21.4.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
Field of chemistry that pertains to immunological phenomena and the study of chemical reactions related to antigen stimulation of tissues. It includes physicochemical interactions between antigens and antibodies.
A trace element with atomic symbol Mn, atomic number 25, and atomic weight 54.94. It is concentrated in cell mitochondria, mostly in the pituitary gland, liver, pancreas, kidney, and bone, influences the synthesis of mucopolysaccharides, stimulates hepatic synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids, and is a cofactor in many enzymes, including arginase and alkaline phosphatase in the liver. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual 1992, p2035)
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
Process of using a rotating machine to generate centrifugal force to separate substances of different densities, remove moisture, or simulate gravitational effects. It employs a large motor-driven apparatus with a long arm, at the end of which human and animal subjects, biological specimens, or equipment can be revolved and rotated at various speeds to study gravitational effects. (From Websters, 10th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The protein components of enzyme complexes (HOLOENZYMES). An apoenzyme is the holoenzyme minus any cofactors (ENZYME COFACTORS) or prosthetic groups required for the enzymatic function.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Techniques to partition various components of the cell into SUBCELLULAR FRACTIONS.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
A subclass of PEPTIDE HYDROLASES that catalyze the internal cleavage of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS.
Chromatographic techniques in which the mobile phase is a liquid.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
A rather large group of enzymes comprising not only those transferring phosphate but also diphosphate, nucleotidyl residues, and others. These have also been subdivided according to the acceptor group. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.7.
Partial proteins formed by partial hydrolysis of complete proteins or generated through PROTEIN ENGINEERING techniques.
A condensation product of riboflavin and adenosine diphosphate. The coenzyme of various aerobic dehydrogenases, e.g., D-amino acid oxidase and L-amino acid oxidase. (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p972)
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A genus of asporogenous bacteria isolated from soil that displays a distinctive rod-coccus growth cycle.
A class of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of C-C, C-O, and C-N, and other bonds by other means than by hydrolysis or oxidation. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 4.
A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.
Unstable isotopes of sulfur that decay or disintegrate spontaneously emitting radiation. S 29-31, 35, 37, and 38 are radioactive sulfur isotopes.
A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.
A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.
Conversion of an inactive form of an enzyme to one possessing metabolic activity. It includes 1, activation by ions (activators); 2, activation by cofactors (coenzymes); and 3, conversion of an enzyme precursor (proenzyme or zymogen) to an active enzyme.
3'-Phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate. Key intermediate in the formation by living cells of sulfate esters of phenols, alcohols, steroids, sulfated polysaccharides, and simple esters, such as choline sulfate. It is formed from sulfate ion and ATP in a two-step process. This compound also is an important step in the process of sulfur fixation in plants and microorganisms.
Structurally related forms of an enzyme. Each isoenzyme has the same mechanism and classification, but differs in its chemical, physical, or immunological characteristics.
Enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the transfer of a pentose group from one compound to another.
QUATERNARY AMMONIUM COMPOUNDS containing three methyl groups, having the general formula of (CH3)3N+R.
A substance occurring in the urine of mammals and also in blood plasma as the normal metabolite of tryptophan. An increased urinary excretion of indican is seen in Hartnup disease from the bacterial degradation of unabsorbed tryptophan.
Biological molecules that possess catalytic activity. They may occur naturally or be synthetically created. Enzymes are usually proteins, however CATALYTIC RNA and CATALYTIC DNA molecules have also been identified.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
Component of dermatan sulfate. Differs in configuration from glucuronic acid only at the C-5 position.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has an atomic symbol S, atomic number 16, and atomic weight [32.059; 32.076]. It is found in the amino acids cysteine and methionine.
Serum proteins that have the most rapid migration during ELECTROPHORESIS. This subgroup of globulins is divided into faster and slower alpha(1)- and alpha(2)-globulins.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
An enzyme that catalyzes the eliminative degradation of polysaccharides containing 1,4-beta-D-hexosaminyl and 1,3-beta-D-glucuronosyl or 1,3-alpha-L-iduronosyl linkages to disaccharides containing 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl groups. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992)
Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
Enzymes that catalyze the addition of a carboxyl group to a compound (carboxylases) or the removal of a carboxyl group from a compound (decarboxylases). EC 4.1.1.
An enzyme of the hydrolase class that catalyzes the reaction of triacylglycerol and water to yield diacylglycerol and a fatty acid anion. It is produced by glands on the tongue and by the pancreas and initiates the digestion of dietary fats. (From Dorland, 27th ed) EC 3.1.1.3.
The aggregation of ERYTHROCYTES by AGGLUTININS, including antibodies, lectins, and viral proteins (HEMAGGLUTINATION, VIRAL).
Serine proteinase inhibitors which inhibit trypsin. They may be endogenous or exogenous compounds.
Electrophoresis applied to BLOOD PROTEINS.
Specific, characterizable, poisonous chemicals, often PROTEINS, with specific biological properties, including immunogenicity, produced by microbes, higher plants (PLANTS, TOXIC), or ANIMALS.

Cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding a novel extracellular peroxidase from Trametes versicolor. (1/812)

The white rot basidiomycete Trametes versicolor secretes a large number of peroxidases which are believed to be involved in the degradation of polymeric lignin. These peroxidases have been classified previously as lignin peroxidases or manganese peroxidases (MnP). We have isolated a novel extracellular peroxidase-encoding cDNA sequence from T. versicolor CU1, the transcript levels of which are repressed by low concentrations of Mn2+ and induced by nitrogen and carbon but not induced in response to a range of stresses which have been reported to induce MnP expression.  (+info)

Separation and properties of two acetylacetoin reductases from Bacillus cereus YUF-4. (2/812)

The separation and purification of two kinds of acetylacetoin reductases (AACRs) from Bacillus cereus YUF-4 were examined. NADPH-linked AACR (AACR I) and NADH-linked AACR (AACR II) were separated from each other by ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE-cellulose chromatography, and hydroxyapatite chromatography. The former was purified 3.4-fold with a yield of 10.0%, and the latter was purified 29-fold with a yield of 15.6%. The two enzymes differ from each other in some enzymic properties such as substrate specificity.  (+info)

Purification of xyloglucan endotransglycosylases (XETs): a generally applicable and simple method based on reversible formation of an enzyme-substrate complex. (3/812)

We describe a novel and general, mechanism-based, method for purification of xyloglucan endotransglycosylases (XETs) from crude plant extracts. Putative isoforms, obtained by step-wise precipitation with (NH4)2SO4, were incubated with tamarind xyloglucan (approximately 1 MDa) to form stable xyloglucan-XET complexes with apparent molecular masses >500 kDa on gel-permeation chromatography (GPC). Subsequent addition of xyloglucan-derived oligosaccharides (a mixture of XET acceptor substrates) caused a shift in the GPC elution volume of the activity back to that expected of a approximately 32 kDa protein, presumably by completing the transglycosylation reaction and so freeing the enzyme from the xyloglucan (donor substrate). This simple two-step method enabled the isolation of each XET activity attempted [various (NH4)2SO4 cuts from extracts of cauliflower florets and mung bean seedlings], in pure form as judged by SDS/PAGE.  (+info)

Differences in phosphofructokinase regulation in normal and tumor rat thyroid cells. (4/812)

The kinetic and molecular properties of a phosphofructokinase derived from a transplantable rat thyroid tumor lacking regulatory control on the glycolytic pathway were studied. The properties of the near-purified enzyme (specific activity 140 units/mg) were compared with those of phosphofructokinase from normal rat thyroid (specific activity 134 units/mg). The electrophoretic mobilities and gel elution behavior of these two enzymes were almost similar. The thyroid tumor phosphofructokinase showed, however, a greater degree of size and/or shape heterogeneity in the presence of ATP than the normal thyroid enzyme, as determined by gel filtration and sucrose density gradient centrifugation. Kinetic studies below pH 7.4 showed a sigmoid response curve for both enzymes when the velocity was determined at 1 mM ATP with varying levels of fructose-6-P. The interaction coefficient, however, was 4.2 and 2.6 for normal and tumor thyroid phosphofructokinase, respectively. Ammonium sulfate decreased the cooperative interactions with the substrate fructose-6-P in both enzymes. The thyroid tumor enzyme, however, was less sensitive to the inhibition by ATP and by citrate. The reversal of citrate inhibition by cyclic 3':5'-adenosine monophosphate was also less effective with the thyroid tumor phosphofructokinase, while the protective effect of fructose-6-P was stronger. The difference in citrate inhibition between tumor and normal thyroid enzyme was not strongly affected by varying the MgCl2 concentration up to 10 mM. It is concluded that the complex allosteric regulation typical of the normal thyroid phosphofructokinase is still present in the enzyme isolated from the thyroid tumor tissue. The latter, however, is more loosely controlled by its physiological effectors, such as ATP, citrate, and cyclic AMP.  (+info)

Magnesium-dependent folding of self-splicing RNA: exploring the link between cooperativity, thermodynamics, and kinetics. (5/812)

Folding of the Tetrahymena self-splicing RNA into its active conformation involves a set of discrete intermediate states. The Mg2+-dependent equilibrium transition from the intermediates to the native structure is more cooperative than the formation of the intermediates from the unfolded states. We show that the degree of cooperativity is linked to the free energy of each transition and that the rate of the slow transition from the intermediates to the native state decreases exponentially with increasing Mg2+ concentration. Monovalent salts, which stabilize the folded RNA nonspecifically, induce states that fold in less than 30 s after Mg2+ is added to the RNA. A simple model is proposed that predicts the folding kinetics from the Mg2+-dependent change in the relative stabilities of the intermediate and native states.  (+info)

Selective peroxisome degradation in Yarrowia lipolytica after a shift of cells from acetate/oleate/ethylamine into glucose/ammonium sulfate-containing media. (6/812)

We have shown that peroxisomes of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica are subject to specific degradation after exposure of acetate/oleate-grown cells to glucose excess conditions. Electron microscopic analysis has revealed that the peroxisomes were degraded by uptake in the vacuole. Our results suggest that peroxisomes are taken up by macroautophagic processes, because sequestration of individual peroxisomes, which occurs typically at the beginning of microautophagy, was never observed. The observation that a peroxisomal amine oxidase activity is specifically induced by ethylamine was used for the development of a plate assay screening procedure to isolate peroxisome degradation-defective mutants.  (+info)

Complementary effects of bifidogenic growth stimulators and ammonium sulfate in natural rubber serum powder on Bifidobacterium bifidum. (7/812)

Natural rubber serum powder, rich in crude protein and carbohydrates, had a strong growth-stimulating activity for Bifidobacterium bifidum JCM 1254, which was unable to grow in a fully synthetic medium, B12 assay medium. Natural rubber serum powder was fractionated by ultrafiltration (molecular weight cutoff 1000). The active ultrafiltrate was further concentrated and desalted with an adsorptive microconcentrator, which adsorbs virtually all amino acids and peptides. Through this purification step, it was found that the adsorbed fraction obtained did not stimulate growth independently but acted complementarily with a small amount of ammonium sulfate. The adsorbed fraction was subsequently analyzed on reversed-phase high pressure liquid chromatography, and the activities of the eluates were measured on B12 assay medium with ammonium sulfate. Consequently, it was proved that several peptidic ingredients in the adsorbed fraction increased the growth of B. bifidum.  (+info)

Stimulation of peroxidase activity by decamerization related to ionic strength: AhpC protein from Amphibacillus xylanus. (8/812)

AhpC protein, purified from Amphibacillus xylanus with a molecular mass of 20.8 kDa, protects cells against oxidation damage. The enzyme catalyses the reduction of hydroperoxides in cooperation with the 55 kDa flavoprotein, A. xylanus NADH oxidase (NADH oxidase-AhpC system). A. xylanus AhpC has two disulfide linkages between monomers and can act in the homodimer form. Gel-filtration column chromatography and dynamic light scattering (DLS) suggest that A. xylanus AhpC also forms a large oligomeric assembly (10-12 mers). A. xylanus AhpC was crystallized and X-ray diffraction data were collected to 3.0 A. The self-rotation function revealed fivefold and twofold axes located perpendicularly to each other, suggesting that the molecular assembly of A. xylanus AhpC is composed of ten monomers. The oligomerization of A. xylanus AhpC is affected by ionic strength in the DLS measurements. The H(2)O(2) reductase activity of the A. xylanus NADH oxidase-AhpC system is also affected by ionic strength, and it was found that the decamerization of AhpC might be required for the activation of the NADH oxidase-AhpC system.  (+info)

Definition of Ammonium sulphate precipitation with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more information.
Ammonium Sulfate Calculator from EnCor Biotechnology Inc., Ammonium Sulfate Precipitation is a simple and effective means of fractionating proteins. It is based on the fact that at high salt concentrations the natural tendency of proteins not to aggregate is...Ammonium sulfate, Ammonium sulfate (American English and international scientific usage; ammonium sulphate in British English); (NH4)2SO4, is an inorganic salt with a number of commercial uses. The most common use is as a soil fertilizer. It contains 21% nitrogen and 24% sulfur.Ammonium sulphate, Ammonium sulphate. Regulatory process names 3 Translated names 23 CAS names 1 IUPAC names 24 Trade names 57 Other identifiers 9.To Prepare a Pure Sample of Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate..., ...sulphate and ammonium sulphate in water containing a little of sulphuric acid, and then subjecting the resulting solution to crystallisation when light green crystals of ferrous ammonium sulphate... ...
I need to produce amylase immobilized from bacillus subtilis. Before that, i have to do ammonium sulphate precipitation. I add the ammonium sulphate 4.5g (30 saturated) into 20ml of amylase produced at 4 degree celcius and centrifuge it. But, there is no pellet found and I cant proceed to immobilization. I am very worry as i have to finish my project in one month. I need some advice. ...
A protein purification procedure must obtain high-value recombinant injectable vaccine proteins produced in plants as a bioreactor. anti-GA733 mAb was as efficient as the native GA733M-Fc. Thus, the purification process was effectively optimized for A 922500 obtaining A 922500 a high yield of plant-derived antigenic protein with good quality. In conclusion, the purification recovery rate of large quantities of recombinant protein A 922500 from plant expression systems can be enhanced via optimization of ammonium sulfate concentration during downstream processes, thereby offering a promising solution for production of recombinant GA733-Fc protein in plants. plants was purified by protein-G affinity chromatography. Therefore, we optimized ammonium sulfate TSP precipitation circumstances to improve the recovery price of GA733-FcK in transgenic vegetable leaves. Components and Methods Vegetable Materials Seedlings of transgenic cigarette (for 30 min at 4C, the supernatant was filtered through a ...
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Persulfate Market by Type (Ammonium Persulfate, Sodium Persulfate, and Potassium Persulfate) & Application (Polymers, Electronics, Cosmetics & Personal Care, Pulp, Paper and Textile, Water Treatment - Market research report and industry analysis - 9384172
Ammonium sulfate precipitaion problem - posted in Molecular Biology: Hi, I cannot fractionate transgene protein from plant protein by ammonium sulfate precipitation. The total protein is extracted from leave by TCA precipitation. In order to identify the protein of interest, the western analysis is performed. I can see the expected protein ban but it is hard to see. I cannot increase the amount of the protein in the SDS PAGE because the gel is overloaded. So I think ammonium sulfate can he...
When an aqueous solution of lithium chloride is mixed with an aqueous solution of ammonium sulfate a precipitate forms a new salt is formed a gas is evolved an acid and base are formed no reaction occurs I either thought it was a precipitate ...
ammonium sulfate mining_ammonium sulfate mining fotocraftdc.orgammonium sulfate mining_Ammonium nitrate WikipediaAmmonium nitrate is a chemical compound, the nitrate salt of the ammonium cation. It …ammonium sulfate
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Ammonium sulfate, (NH4)2SO4 is an inorganic salt with a number of commercial uses. The primary use of ammonium sulfate is as a fertilizer for alkaline soils. It is also used as an agricultural spray adjuvant for water-soluble insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides. There, it functions to bind iron and calcium cations that are present in both well water and plant cells. ...
Ammonium sulfate, (NH4)2SO4 is an inorganic salt with a number of commercial uses. The primary use of ammonium sulfate is as a fertilizer for alkaline soils. It is also used as an agricultural spray adjuvant for water-soluble insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides. There, it functions to bind iron and calcium cations that are present in both well water and plant cells. ...
Here are 10 great reasons to use Sulf-N ammonium sulfate: Honeywell is the worlds largest single-site producer of ammonium sulfate, and a global leader in agronomic research and promotion of this product University-proven across a broad geography of field and …. ...
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SGS provides you with complete, accurate and timely fertilizer analysis, including tests for ammonium sulphate. Contact us today.
Furhter to the sensible sounding advice of using a simple Ammonium Sulphate precipiation in conjunction with a nickel column His.Tag purification, can anybody give me advice on how to set yourself up for such a step. Whats the easiest and most systematic way of determining what percentages of Ammonium Sulphate are needed for a particular protein; come to think of it, how exactly do you do the precipitation? Is it best before or after the nickel column? Thanks in advance, Jared -- Jared Head at the Department of Biochemistry, University of Bristol A computer lets you make more mistakes faster than any invention in human history - with the possible exceptions of handguns and tequila. Mitch Ratliffe ...
Press Release issued Oct 12, 2017: Future Market Insights (FMI) delivers key insights on the global and Far East & Baltic nations ammonium sulphate market in its upcoming report titled, Ammonium Sulphate Market: Global Industry Analysis and Opportunity Assessment, 2015-2025. The global ammonium sulphate market is projected to expand at a CAGR of 4.0% in terms of value during the forecast period owing to various factors, regarding which FMI offers vital insights in detail in this report.
Ammonium Sulfate (Granular/Certified ACS) Ammonium sulphate. Characteristic: the commercial product is a kind of white or light color crystals, the relative density is D - 20 1.769 it will break down at 235 degrees, it is easy to soluble in water and its aqueous solution becomes acidic, it doesn¡¯t dissolve in ethanol, acetone, it is hygroscopic, it will become pieces after hygroscopic and .... Get Price ...
Hi Guys, I am expressing the recombinant protein 6xHis tagged at C terminal secreting in YP-Galactose media by K lactis. My problem is whenever i try to purify by using Ni-NTA column, it turns the column white as if supernatant is chelating Ni from the column. I tried to condition supernatant by adjusting pH 8.0 and Salt upto 1M with no success. Please suggest me what should i do. Ammonium sulphate precipitation result in inactivation of protein. i cant do dialysis economically to huge culture volume. so these will not be a good option for conditioning media. Thanks ...
Molecular Formula: (NH4)2SO4 Molecular Weight: 132.14 CAS Number: 7783-20-2 Protect from moisture, and avoid prolonged exposure to air. Store tightly closed in…
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Dr. bob could you please check this work cus i cant seem to get it right the first step of the synthesis is described by the reaction below. When 1.750 g of Fe(NH4)2(SO4)2 6H2O is mixed with 13 mL of 1.0 M H2C2O4, the theoretical ...
An experiment to measure the parity violating analyzing power, $A\sb{z}$, in proton-proton scattering at 221 MeV is in progress using the TRIUMF cyclotron. At this beam energy, a unique opportunity exists to isolate the $\sp3P\sb2$-$\sp1D\sb2$ parity mixed partial wave amplitude, which has not been measured before. In terms of the single meson exchange model for the weak nucleon-nucleon interaction, this experiment will determine the weak $\rho$-proton-proton coupling constant, $h\sbsp{\rho}{pp}$. The scale of $A\sb{z}$, which is set by the relative strength of the weak interaction, is of order 10$\sp{-7}$. The goal of the TRIUMF experiment is to determine $A\sb{z}$ to ${\pm}0.2 \times 10\sp{-7}$, which has been achieved in existing measurements at lower energies. The experiment is made extremely challenging by the need to control and minimize coherent fluctuations in the properties of the polarized proton beam, which can introduce large systematic effects to the measured analyzing power. The ...
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LONDON - As one of the first and most widely used nitrogen fertilizers, ammonium sulfate is used mainly to supply various nutritional chemicals to growing plants. Proper usage of ammonium sulfate fertilizer helps to maintain healthy nitrogen levels and pH balance in soils. However, when used in excess it could cause a number of undesirable plant conditions.. In the years to come, the global market for ammonium sulfate fertilizer is set to keep on gaining traction, spurred by soaring demand for fertilizers on the back of constantly rising population along with decreasing arable lands. Moreover, shift in trend towards rising crop yield by enhancing nutrient contents in soil is also predicted to give a boost to the ammonium sulfate market growth.. Meantime, severe regulatory guidelines associated with the adoption of ammonium sulfate in countries like Germany, France, the UK and the USA are likely to significantly restrain the market growth in the offing.. Regionally, APAC dominates the worlds ...
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0070] Phenyl Sepharose® HP hydrophobic interaction resin (GE Healthcare) and a Chromaflow® Acrylic chromatography column (GE Healthcare) were utilized for this process step. The phenyl column was 60 cm in diameter with a target height of 15±1 cm (bed volume 42.4 L). The loading limit for the column was 40 grams of sample per liter of Phenyl Sepharose® HP resin. The step was performed at 17±2° C., and at a flow rate of 75 cm/hr. The load material was warmed, when required, to 17±2° C. prior to the start of the first cycle. The column was pre-washed with water and equilibrated with 1.0 M ammonium sulfate and 18 mM sodium phosphate, pH 7.0. Following equilibration, the column was loaded with the diluted phenyl load. After loading, the column was washed to baseline absorbance (A280) with 1.1 M ammonium sulfate and 20 mM sodium phosphate, pH 7.0, followed by 0.95 M ammonium sulfate and 17 mM sodium phosphate, pH 7.0, respectively. The product was eluted from the column at a reduced flow rate ...
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Ammonium Sulphate (AS) is an inorganic salt which is commonly use as soil fertilizer for alkaline soils to lower pH balance of soil, while contributing essential nitrogen for plant growth. This material is a by-product of the facility ammonia scrubbers, which remove levels of airborne ammonia from the compost tunnel air exhaust stream. This ammonium sulphate has fertilizer properties and Orgaworld London has registered this product with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) as a fertilizer. In 2016 the London facility produced 1,986 tonnes of ammonium sulphate.. ...
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Abstract The use of bovine serum albumin (BSA) in routine biochemical assays such as restriction enzyme digestion and immunodetection is plagued largely by two common contaminants, DNase and immunoglobulins G (IgGs). Acetylation of BSA
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Eurosolids Ammonium Sulphate Horticultural Grade is a highly pure Nitrogen fertilizer which dissolve rapidly and completely. Our product is not sensitive to caking and is recommended during periods of vegetative growth. The high level of Nitrogen in our formula improves cell elongation and contributes to the production of protein, supporting enzymatic reactions. ...
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Metall : Fachzeitschrift für Metallurgie ; Technik, Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft. - Clausthal-Zellerfeld : GDMB-Informationsges, ISSN 0026-0746, ZDB-ID 2077589. - Vol. 55.2001, 11, p. 436-634 ...
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Ric: You are SO right. The fungal fighting of the potassium sulfate and IF using ammonium sulfate as a Nitrogen source, far outweigh other...
பொட்டாசியம் பெர்சல்பேட்டு (Potassium persulfate) என்பது K2S2O8 என்ற மூலக்கூற்று வாய்ப்பாடு கொண்ட ஒரு கனிம வேதியியல் சேர்மமாகும். பொட்டாசியம் பெராக்சி இருசல்பேட்டு என்றும் அழைக்கப்படும் இச்சேர்மம் வெண்மை நிறத் திண்மமாகவும் தண்ணீரில் நன்றாகக் கரையக்கூடியதாகவும் உள்ளது. வலிமையான ஆக்சிசனேற்றியாகச் செயல்படும் இவ்வுப்பு பலபடியாதல் வினைகளை தொடங்கி வைக்கும் சேர்மமாக விளங்குகிறது. ...
I received 4 plants from a nearby nursery that are splotchy brown all over. I have been fertilizing lightly with ammonium sulfate and have had them planted in 50/50
[115 Pages Report] Check for Discount on United States Ammonium Silicofluoride Market Report 2016 report by QYResearch Group. Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Ammonium Silicofluoride Revenue,...
過硫酸鈉(sodium persulfate, SPS)可經由熱活化產生硫酸根自由基(SO4-‧)強氧化劑(E0 = 2.6 V),於酸性pH環境下,SO4-‧為優勢之氧化劑自由基物種;於中性pH環境下,SO4-‧可與氫氧根離子(OH-)進行自由基轉換反應,生成氫氧根自由基(OH‧);於鹼性pH環境下,OH‧為主要之氧化劑自由基物種。由於污染物對自由基之反應速率不盡相同,造成各污染物於不同pH條件下反應速率及去除效率亦不相同。因此本研究推導於酸性(pH = 3)、中性(pH = 7)及鹼性(pH = 11)環境下,70℃熱活化過硫酸鹽降解甲基藍之反應動力式,並求得甲基藍與硫酸根自由基間之反應速率常數及SO4-‧/OH‧之濃度。過硫酸鹽與甲基藍反應動力實驗結果顯示,當溫度為60、70及80℃,所有pH環境下,反應一小時後,甲基藍之脫色率皆 > 95 %,且皆符合假一階反應動力。過硫酸鹽降解甲基藍之脫色速率於不同pH條件下之影響為
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Ammonium Sulfate Plant 20. The Works Study Department 21. The Model Shop 22. The Works Estimators Department 23. The Medical ... The Aluminum Sulfate Plant 13. The Plant Investigation Department 14. The Sample House 15. Yard and Traffic 16. Vehicle Shop 17 ...
Nickel ammonium sulfate. NiSO4·(NH4)2SO4·6H2O. 8 oz/gal. ... All-sulfate[edit]. An all-sulfate solution is used for electro- ... Sulfate-chloride[edit]. A Sulfate-Chloride bath operates at lower voltages than a Watts bath and provide a higher rate of ... Nickel sulfate. NiSO4·6H2O. 150-300 g/L. 20-40 oz/gal. 225-300 g/L. 30-40 oz/gal. ... Nickel sulfate. NiSO4·6H2O. 24 oz/gal. 179.7g/L. ... Nickel sulfate. NiSO4·6H2O. 30-53 oz/gal. Boric acid. H3BO3. 4- ...
In the laboratory barium sulfate is generated by combining solutions of barium ions and sulfate salts. Because barium sulfate ... Barium sulfate (or sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula BaSO4. It is a white crystalline solid that is ... To produce highly pure barium sulfate, the sulfide or chloride is treated with sulfuric acid or sulfate salts:. BaS + H2SO4 → ... Barium sulfate is one of the most insoluble salts of sulfate. Its low solubility is exploited in qualitative inorganic analysis ...
organics, sulfate, nitrate, and ammonium). The term non-refractory is assigned to species that evaporate rapidly at 600 °C ...
Subsequently, ammonium sulfate can be removed using dialysis. During the ammonium sulfate precipitation step, hydrophobic ... In bulk protein purification, a common first step to isolate proteins is precipitation with ammonium sulfate (NH4)2SO4. This is ... doi:10.1007/978-1-4757-2333-5. ISBN 978-1-4419-2833-7. Wingfield P (May 2001). "Protein precipitation using ammonium sulfate". ... A detergent such as sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) can be used to dissolve cell membranes and keep membrane proteins in solution ...
Magnesium ammonium sulfate hexahydrate and nickel ammonium sulfate hexahydrate". Acta Crystallographica. International Union of ... The Tutton's salts were once termed "false alums". Unit cell of ferrous ammonium sulfate (N is violet, O is red, S is orange, ... Perhaps the best-known is Mohr's salt, ferrous ammonium sulfate (NH4)2Fe(SO4)2.(H2O)6). Other examples include the vanadous ... V. Manganese ammonium sulfate hexahydrate". Acta Crystallographica. 20 (6): 731-733. doi:10.1107/S0365110X66001762. ISSN 0365- ...
... the cationic surfactants have quaternary ammonium as the polar end. The ammonium sulfate center is positively charged. Non- ...
Among other things, Vigani devised a method for purifying iron sulphate from copper; for making ammonium sulphate; and for ...
Unit cell of the Tutton salt ferrous ammonium sulfate, which features the aquo complex [Fe(H2O)6)]2+ (N is violet, O is red, S ... These complexes are the predominant species in aqueous solutions of many metal salts, such as metal nitrates, sulfates, and ...
The most commonly used salt is ammonium sulfate. There is a low variation in salting out over temperatures 0 °C to 30 °C. ... Addition of a neutral salt, such as ammonium sulfate, compresses the solvation layer and increases protein-protein interactions ...
Ionic strength Protein precipitation Salting in Ammonium sulfate precipitation Hofmeister series Genck, Wayne (2010). "Make The ... "Salting out of Proteins Using Ammonium Sulfate Precipitation". Laboratory Methods in Enzymology: Protein Part C. Methods in ...
In 1767, Torbern Bergman observed the need for potassium or ammonium sulfates to convert aluminium sulfate into alum, while ... Ammonium aluminium sulfate Alum "Alum-(K) Mineral Data". Mineralogy Database. Retrieved 19 April 2013. International Union of ... If much iron should be present in the sulfate then it is preferable to use potassium chloride in place of potassium sulfate. ... Potassium alum, potash alum, or potassium aluminium sulfate is a chemical compound: the double sulfate of potassium and ...
... ammonium sulfate, and sulfuric acid; and toluene for use in explosives. Toluene was in high demand during World War II, and ...
Typical agents are ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulfate. Based on measurements of a taper-type, paraffin wax candle, a modern ...
Ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3). *Ammonium sulfate [(NH4)2SO4] ...
... is a rare ammonium sulfate mineral (NH4)2SO4. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic system typically forming as ...
... ammonium hydroxide, ammonium chloride, ammonia, sodium hydroxide, sodium sulfate, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid ... In March 1946 the production of ammonium sulfate resumed. In 1947 large parts of the factory were rebuilt and in the summer of ... One year later the production of the fertilizer ammonium sulfate begins. In 1866 the factory begins to use the Leblanc process ... The company continued to expand, with a factory producing ammonium sulfate opening in 1865 in Raderberg near Cologne ( ...
However, the pores are easily plugged by fine particulates, ammonium sulfate, ammonium bisulfate (ABS), and silica compounds. ... Other issues that must be considered in using SCR for NO x control in power plants are the formation of ammonium sulfate and ... Other possible reductants include cyanuric acid and ammonium sulfate. SCR catalysts are made from various porous ceramic ... ammonium bisulfate due to the sulfur content of the fuel as well as the undesirable catalyst-caused formation of SO 3 from the ...
The plutonium was reduced again by adding ferrous ammonium sulfate. Bismuth nitrate and phosphoric acid were added and bismuth ... sulfates and ammonium nitrate were added to the solution and the hexavalent plutonium was precipitated as plutonium peroxide. ...
It uses ammonium sulfate to make the fertilizer less explosive. In the decade following the bombing, there was criticism of ... He decided not to steal any of the 40,000 pounds (18,000 kg) of ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil) he found at the scene, as he ... This was achieved by tamping the aluminum side panel of the truck with bags of ammonium nitrate fertilizer to direct the blast ... Of the 13 filled barrels, nine contained ammonium nitrate and nitromethane, and four contained a mixture of the fertilizer and ...
Ludwig corrected the situation with the application of ammonium sulfate. He included cattle farming to feed on the grass that ...
Titan is resurfaced through the process by grain-sized ice and ammonium sulfate ash, which helps produce a wind-shaped ... Fortes, A. D.; Grindroda, P.M.; Tricketta, S. K.; Vočadloa, L. (May 2007). "Ammonium sulfate on Titan: Possible origin and role ... The low-pressure ice, overlaying a liquid layer of ammonium sulfate, ascends buoyantly, and the unstable system can produce ...
Many cellulose companies use a blend of ammonium sulfate and borate for fire retardation. Although ammonium sulfate is normally ... The other 15% is a fire retardant such as boric acid or ammonium sulphate. Cellulose has the highest recycled content of any ... Many cellulose companies use a blend of ammonium sulfate and borate. A vapor barrier may not be needed with cellulose ...
Ammonium sulfate is a common agricultural fertilizer providing nitrogen and sulfur. The most common reaction mechanism of the ... Sulfuric acid is the most commonly used acid for commercial lactam production due to its formation of an ammonium sulfate by- ...
saturation ammonium sulfate β-glutelin (minor component) - cuts at 18% rel. saturation ammonium sulfate Rye (Secalin) has one ...
Although widely used, the ACH route coproduces substantial amounts of ammonium sulfate. (CH3)2CO + HCN → (CH3)2C(OH)CN (CH3)2C( ... each kilogram of methyl methacrylate produced yields roughly 1.1 kg of ammonium hydrogen sulfate. Disposal of this salt is ... In fact the sulfate ester of the amide is initially produced as an adduct with sulfuric acid ((CH3)2C(OSO3H)C(O)NH2. H2SO4), ... The sulfate ester is then methanolyzed (reacted with methanol): (CH3)2C(OSO3H)C(O)NH2 + CH3OH → CH2 =C(CH3)C(O)OCH3 + NH4HSO4 ...
Apr 1931 : Showa Fertilizers opened the first ammonium sulfate factory in Japan. Mar 1934 : Nihon Iodine K.K. was renamed as ...
Elmer, Wade H.; LaMondia, James A. (1 February 1999). "Influence of Ammonium Sulfate and Rotation Crops on Strawberry Black ...
Fuel oil, lubricating oil and grease, and ammonium sulfate were also produced. The oil shale industry expanded immediately ... Only Syzran processing plant continued using oil shale for production of ammonium bituminosulfonate. Existing shale oil ... the Swedish alum shale dating from the Cambrian and Ordovician periods was used for extracting potassium aluminium sulfate by ...
Aids in separation of proteins using purification techniques such as salting out, e.g. ammonium sulfate precipitation.[10] ...
Ammonium and derivativesEdit. Similarly to the alkali metals, ammonia reacts with hydrochloric acid to form the salt ammonium ... "Dietary Reference Intakes: Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate". Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, ... a property which ammonium salts share.[171] Ammonium is expected to behave stably as a metal (NH+. 4 ions in a sea of ... The ammonium ion (NH+. 4) has very similar properties to the heavier alkali metals, acting as an alkali metal intermediate ...
Ammonium cerium(IV) nitrate - (NH4)2Ce(NO3)6. *Ammonium cerium(IV) sulfate - (NH4)4Ce(SO4)4 ... Copper(II) sulfate - CuSO4 and the pentahydrate - CuSO4·5H2O ... Titanyl sulfate - TiOSO4. TiO[edit]. *Titanyl sulfate - TiOSO4 ...
... and ammonium sulfate (or aluminium sulfate).[14][15][16][17] The Bradford assay uses the spectral properties of Coomassie ...
It can be reacted with iron(II) sulfate to detoxify (remove the toxicity of) it. ... Ammonium dichromate. *Chromate. Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Potassium_dichromate&oldid= ...
Another possibility is an inorganic flux composed of zinc chloride or tin(II) chloride,[16] ammonium chloride, and a fluoride ( ... including chlorides and sulfates, are ingested by the turbines and deposited in the hot sections of the engine; other elements ... Common fluxes are ammonium chloride or resin acids (contained in rosin) for soldering copper and tin; hydrochloric acid and ... ammonium chloride, thermally decomposing to ammonia and hydrochloric acid. *amine hydrochlorides, decomposing to the amine and ...
Solutions of substances in reagent bottles, including ammonium hydroxide and nitric acid, illuminated in different colors ... Charged polyatomic collections residing in solids (for example, common sulfate or nitrate ions) are generally not considered " ...
... is prepared by electrolysis of a cold concentrated solution of either ammonium sulfate or ammonium ... "Ammonium Persulphate: Copper Etchant". MG Chemicals.. *^ Turrentine, J. W. (1908). "Action of Ammonium Persulphate on Metals". ... The sulfate radical adds to the alkene to give a sulfate ester radical. It is also used along with tetramethylethylenediamine ... Ammonium persulfate (APS) is the inorganic compound with the formula (NH4)2S2O8. It is a colourless (white) salt that is highly ...
In some designs, the ammonium chloride is replaced by zinc chloride. Molten salt. Molten salt batteries are primary or ... This is a process in which lead sulfate forms on the plates and, during charge, is converted to lead dioxide (positive plate) ... The electrolyte is ammonium chloride in the form of a paste next to the zinc anode. The remaining space between the electrolyte ... It consisted of a copper pot filled with a copper sulfate solution, in which was immersed an unglazed earthenware container ...
Kalsiyum sulfate - flour treatment agent, mineral salt, sequestrant, improving agent, firming agent ... Ferric ammonium citrate - yiyecek asidi. *Ferrous gluconate - renk tutucu. *Ferrous lactate -. *Filé powder - ...
The synthesis of benzonitrile by Hermann Fehling in 1844 by heating ammonium benzoate was the first method yielding enough of ... this approach is the One-pot synthesis of nitriles from aldehyde with hydroxylamine in the presence of sodium sulfate.[12] ... since one equivalent of the acid or base is consumed to form the ammonium or carboxylate salt, respectively. ... so one could name the substance that originates from ammonium benzoate perhaps "benzonitril".) ...
Amber Amblygonite Amedeo Avogadro Americium Amethyst amide amine amino acid Ammonia ammonium Ammonium nitrate Ammonium ... State of matter Staurolite Steatite Stereochemistry Stoichiometry Strontianite Strontium structural formula Sublimation sulfate ...
... polymyxin B sulfate or bacitracin zinc. ... Smelling salts (ammonium carbonate). Topical medications * ...
Neuroactive steroids (e.g., 3α-androsterone sulfate, 3β-androsterone sulfate, deoxycorticosterone, DHEA sulfate, pregnenolone ... ammonium salt, corn steep liquor, peptone, meat or yeast extract, and little amounts of inorganic salts.[12] ... sulfate, progesterone). *Opioids (e.g., codeine, dextromethorphan, dextrorphan, levomethadone, levorphanol, morphine, oripavine ...
... whereas the outer parts are a quasiracemic mixture of ammonium (+)-bitartrate and ammonium (−)-bimalate.. Resolution[edit]. The ... A single amphetamine dose combines the neutral sulfate salts of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine, with the dextro isomer of ... One of the first such racemates studied, by Pasteur in 1853, forms from a 1:2 mixture of the bis ammonium salt of (+)-tartaric ... Re-investigated in 2008,[6] the crystals formed are dumbbell-shape with the central part consisting of ammonium (+)-bitartrate ...
The original method entailed its conversion to diethyl sulfate, followed by hydrolysis. The main method practiced since the mid ...
Aluminium sulfate has the chemical formula Al2(SO4)3. The form of aluminium sulfate hexadecahydrate is Al2(SO4)3•16H2O.. ... such as the sulfate [SO. 4]2−. ion. Each polyatomic ion in a compound is written individually in order to illustrate the ...
In the Menshutkin reaction, a tertiary amine is converted into a quaternary ammonium salt by reaction with an alkyl halide. ... Dimethyl sulfate is intermediate in electrophilicity. ...
Natural sulfate esters[edit]. The reduction of sulfate in nature involves the formation of one or sometimes two sulfate esters ... Structure of an alkylsulfate (not shown is the cation such as sodium or ammonium). ... Alkyl sulfates if ingested are well-absorbed and are metabolized into a C3, C4 or C5 sulfate and an additional metabolite. The ... Alkyl sulfates consist of a hydrophobic hydrocarbon chain, a polar sulfate group (containing an anion) and either a cation or ...
Prominent alkyl sulfates include ammonium lauryl sulfate, sodium lauryl sulfate (sodium dodecyl sulfate, SLS, or SDS), and the ... related alkyl-ether sulfates sodium laureth sulfate (sodium lauryl ether sulfate or SLES), and sodium myreth sulfate. ... Anionic: sulfate, sulfonate, and phosphate, carboxylate derivatives[edit]. Anionic surfactants contain anionic functional ... The cationic part is based on primary, secondary, or tertiary amines or quaternary ammonium cations. The anionic part can be ...
... decomposes rapidly in solutions of ammonium acetate or the acetates, carbonates, citrates, or hydroxides of the alkali ... For example, acetazolamide and ammonium chloride are known to enhance the intoxicating effect of salicylates, and alcohol also ...
The works of Thompson and Way involved the action of water-soluble fertilizer salts, ammonium sulfate and potassium chloride. ... S (Methyl sulfate) Typical technique[edit]. A sample is introduced, either manually or with an autosampler, into a sample loop ... An ion chromatography system used to detect and measure cations such as sodium, ammonium and potassium in Expectorant Cough ... sulfate, sulfamate, phosphate, as well as various electrolytes including potassium, and sodium. In total, the 2009 edition of ...
... the salts potassium cyanate and ammonium sulfate), in what is now called the Wöhler synthesis. Although Wöhler himself was ...
... , also known as ammonium alum or just alum, is a white crystalline double sulfate usually encountered ... Ammonium alum is made from aluminium hydroxide, sulfuric acid and ammonium sulfate. It forms a solid solution with potassium ... Aluminum Ammonium Sulfate Material Safety Data Sheet, J. T. Baker, March 2009, retrieved 2009-11-23. . ... Aluminium sulfate, closely related to ammonium alum, is considered nontoxic up to LD50 of 6207 mg/kg. For reduced ...
Many other inorganic thorium compounds with polyatomic anions are known, such as the perchlorates, sulfates, sulfites, nitrates ... and ammonium are known for thorium fluorides, chlorides, and bromides.[50] For example, when treated with potassium fluoride ...
... to shine a beam of X-rays through a copper sulfate crystal and record its diffraction on a photographic plate. After being ... the octahedral bonding of metals observed in ammonium hexachloroplatinate (IV),[46] and the resonance observed in the planar ... "The Crystal Structure of Ammonium Chloroplatinate". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 43 (11): 2292. doi:10.1021/ja01444a002 ...
Ipecac was used in cough mixtures as an expectorant or an emetic from the 18th until the early 20th century.[citation needed] For instance, Ipecac and opium were used to produce Dover's powder, which was used in syrup form.[citation needed] In 1965, the FDA approved the sale of up to one ounce of syrup of ipecac without a prescription. At the time it was approved, its use was recommended by the AAP, AAPCC, AMA, and the FDA's medical advisory board as a method to induce vomiting "for quick first-aid use in the home, under medical supervision", for use in cases of accidental poisoning.[2][3] Current guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics, however, strongly advise against this and in fact recommend the disposal of any syrup of ipecac present in the home.[4] Many toxicological associations have also issued position papers recommending against its use as a first-line treatment for most ingested poisons,[5] because of a lack of evidence that syrup of ipecac actually helps improve the ...
E.g. ammonium dichromate is used as a catalyst in ammonium nitrate based propellant formulas. Other catalysts are e.g. iron(III ... Potassium sulfate - a high-temperature oxidizer, a purple colorant Sodium sulfate - a high-temperature oxidizer, a yellow ... With ammonium salts produces unstable ammonium chlorate. Used in match head compositions, some colored smokes, and small ... Barium sulfate - a high-temperature oxidizer for e.g. strobe compositions, a green colorant Calcium sulfate - a high- ...
Double metal sulfates include ammonium cobaltous sulfate, ferrous diammonium sulfate, ammonium nickel sulfate which are known ... Ammonium sulfate. Ammonium sulfate (2:1). Diammonium sulfate. Sulfuric acid diammonium salt. Mascagnite. Actamaster. Dolamin ... The filtrate on evaporation yields ammonium chloride. Ammonium sulfate forms many double salts (ammonium metal sulfates) when ... Ammonium sulfate (American English and international scientific usage; ammonium sulphate in British English); (NH4)2SO4, is an ...
Ammonium aluminium sulfate, also known as ammonium alum or just alum, is a white crystalline double sulfate usually encountered ... Ammonium alum is made from aluminium hydroxide, sulfuric acid and ammonium sulfate. It forms a solid solution with potassium ... Aluminum Ammonium Sulfate Material Safety Data Sheet, J. T. Baker, March 2009, retrieved 2009-11-23. . ... Aluminium sulfate, closely related to ammonium alum, is considered nontoxic up to LD50 of 6207 mg/kg. For reduced ...
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
Ammonium nitrogen the form in ammonium sulfate also improved root growth and reduced damage from take-all in research at Purdue ... Adding ammonium sulfate to blends or solutions with urea or urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) contributes both nitrogen and sulfur in ... Visit www.sulfn.com or contact your Honeywell representative for more information on how Sulf-N ® ammonium sulfate can boost ... its a great time to consider the role of a pre-plant application of ammonium sulfate in improving wheat yields.Wheat demands a ...
Ammonium sulfate has several key advantages as a delivery source for both sulfur and nitrogen, including: *Sulfate sulfur is ... With 100 percent ammonium nitrogen, ammonium sulfate is a more efficient source of nitrogen than nitrate or urea-based ... Visit www.sulfn.com or contact your Honeywell representative for more details on how Sulf-N ® ammonium sulfate can improve your ... Ammonium Sulfate: Higher Efficiency, Higher Corn YieldsSulfur has become recognized as the fourth macronutrient, joining ...
Ammonium sulfate. Other names. ammonium sulfate (2:1);. diammonium sulfate;. sulfuric acid diammonium salt;. mascagnite;. ... Ammonium sulfate is prepared commercially by reacting ammonia with sulfuric acid (H2SO4). Ammonium sulfate is prepared ... Chemical Profile: Ammonium Sulfate. *Using Ammonium Sulfate Fertilizer as an Organic Mulch Fire Retardant (A Research Note) ... ammonium sulfate precipitation is a common method for purifying proteins by precipitation. As such, ammonium sulfate is also ...
... Jared Head bijgh at zeus.bris.ac.uk Thu Apr 24 09:24:36 EST 1997 *Previous message: ... Furhter to the sensible sounding advice of using a simple Ammonium Sulphate precipiation in conjunction with a nickel column ... Whats the easiest and most systematic way of determining what percentages of Ammonium Sulphate are needed for a particular ...
Double metal sulfates include ammonium cobaltous sulfate, ferrous diammonium sulfate, ammonium nickel sulfate which are known ... Ammonium sulfate is used on a small scale in the preparation of other ammonium salts, especially ammonium persulfate. Ammonium ... The filtrate on evaporation yields ammonium chloride. Ammonium sulfate forms many double salts (ammonium metal sulfates) when ... Ammonium sulfate (American English and international scientific usage; ammonium sulphate in British English); (NH4)2SO4, is an ...
ammonium sulfate synonyms, ammonium sulfate pronunciation, ammonium sulfate translation, English dictionary definition of ... ammonium sulfate. n. An odorless white crystalline salt, 2SO4, used in fertilizers, fire retardants, and water purification. n ... Ammonium sulfate - definition of ammonium sulfate by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/ammonium+sulfate ... ammonium sulfate. Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. ammonium sulfate. n.. An odorless white ...
Ammonium lauryl sulfate (ALS) is the common name for ammonium dodecyl sulfate (CH3(CH2)10CH2OSO3NH4). The anion consists of a ... Sodium lauryl sulfate Sodium laureth sulfate Potassium lauryl sulfate Sodium pareth sulfate "Household Products Database - ... "Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Sodium Lauryl Sulfate and Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate". JACT, CIR Publication. 2 (7): 127- ... "Chemical Information Sheet - Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-08-23. Retrieved 2007-01- ...
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High Purity Ammonium Sulphate Products from Global High Purity Ammonium Sulphate Suppliers and High Purity Ammonium Sulphate ... High Purity Ammonium Sulphate, Wholesale Various High Quality ... ammonium sulphate ammonium sulfate nickel ammonium sulphate ... granular ammonium sulphate ammonium phosphate sulphate preparation of ammonium sulphate liquid ammonium sulphate ammonium ... n21 sinopec ammonium sulphate 21% crystal ammonium sulphate supply 21%n ammonium sulphate ammonium sulphate in chemical More... ...
... multi constituent substance of ammonium dihydrogenorthophosphate and ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulphate and potassium ... Ammonium sulphate. ↓Other names: Regulatory process names [3] Trade names [67] IUPAC names [28] ... Ammonium sulphate nitrat (ASN) * Ammonium sulphate solution * Ammonium Sulphate Standard * Ammonium Sulphate standard without ... 231-984-1, Koksownia Częstochowa Nowa, ammonium sulphate * 231-984-1, Kombinat Koksochemiczny Zabrze S.A., ammonium sulphate ...
Looking for YNB with Ammonium Sulfate, 454g? Find it at Grainger.com®. With over 1.6M products and 24/7 customer service we ...
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Ammonium sodium sulphate. Regulatory process names 5 IUPAC names 2 Other identifiers 1 ...
Spectrum Ammonium Sulfate, Crystal, Reagent, ACS, 99%, Spectrum™, 125 g, Plastic Bottle, Plastic Bottle Chemicals:Other ... Spectrum™ Ammonium Sulfate, Crystal, Reagent, ACS is an inorganic salt that is very soluble in water Most often used as a soil ...
Use of this information is subject to copyright laws and may require the permission of the owner of the information, as described in the ECHA Legal Notice.. ...
This paper, through an analysis of the structure, conduct and performance of the Japanese ammonium sulphate industry during the ... "Trade and Industrial Organization: Japanese Ammonium Sulphate Industry in the Interwar Period," Discussion Paper Series a459, ... This paper, through an analysis of the structure, conduct and performance of the Japanese ammonium sulphate industry during the ... Trade and Industrial Organization: Japanese Ammonium Sulphate Industry in the Interwar Period. ...
Make your classroom electrifying with activities and information spanning chemistry and physics content. Everything from equilibrium to electricity and reactions to rocketry at your fingertips.. ...
... ammonium aluminium sulfate online Wholesalers - choose ammonium aluminium sulfate from 414 list of China ammonium aluminium ... ammonium aluminum sulfate Detailed description Alias:Aluminium ammonium sulfate; Ammonium aluminum sulfate; Aluminum ammonium ... Alias: Aluminium ammonium sulfate; Ammonium aluminum sulfate; Aluminum ammonium sulfate hydrate (11212); Aluminum ammonium ... Aluminum Ammonium Sulphate Other Name: Aluminium Ammonium Sulfate, Ammonium Aluminium Sulphate, Ammonium Alum Chemical Formula ...
... ethyl sulfate , C17H31NO5S , CID 169348 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents ...
... ammonium sulfate mining fotocraftdc.orgammonium sulfate mining_Ammonium nitrate WikipediaAmmonium nitrate is a chemical ... compound, the nitrate salt of the ammonium cation. It …ammonium sulfate ... Iron(II) sulfate Wikipedia. Ammonium iron(II) sulfate, also known as Mohrs salt, the common double salt of ammonium sulfate ... ammonium sulfate mining fotocraftdc.org. ammonium sulfate mining_Ammonium nitrate WikipediaAmmonium nitrate is a chemical ...
5 ammonium ferrous sulfate hexahydrate online Wholesalers provide popular ammonium ferrous sulfate hexahydrate from China. ... ammonium phosphate sulfate. *ammonium methyl sulfate. *agriculture grade ammonium aluminum sulfate. *ammonium aluminum sulfate ... ammonium per sulfate persulphate. *shampoo without ammonium lauryl sulfate. * ...
ammonium sulfate, diammonium sulfate, ammonium sulphate, mascagnite, sulfuric acid diammonium salt, ammonium sulfate 2:1, ... ammonium sulfate, diammonium sulfate, ammonium sulphate, mascagnite, sulfuric acid diammonium salt, ammonium sulfate 2:1, ...
Ammonium Sulphate CAS No:7783-20-2 EINECS Code:231-984-1 MF:NH4)2SO4 Appearance:White Granular Specification: Item Value Item ... 7783-20-2 Other Names : Ammonium Sulphate MF : (NH4)2SO4 EINECS No. : 231-984-1 Release Type : Quick State : Granular Purity ...
Examples include Ammonium Capryleth Sulfate, Ammonium Pareth-25 Sulfate, Ammonium Myreth Sulfate, Magnesium Coceth Sulfate, ... Sodium Deceth Sulfate, Sodium Laneth Sulfate, Sodium Myreth Sulfate, Sodium Oleth Sulfate, Sodium Trideceth Sulfate and Zinc ... Others - specifically, Magnesium Coceth Sulfate, Sodium Coceth Sulfate, Sodium Myreth Sulfate, Sodium Trideceth Sulfate and ... Magnesium Oleth Sulfate, Sodium Coceth Sulfate, Sodium C10-15 Pareth Sulfate, Sodium C12-13 Pareth Sulfate, Sodium C12-15 ...
Ammonium aluminum sulfate , AlH4NO8S2 , CID 3032540 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, ...
RIBONUCLEASE A COMPLEX WITH CYTIDYLIC ACID (5CMP) CRYSTALLIZED FROM 80% AMMONIUM SULPHATE. *DOI: 10.2210/pdb1RNM/pdb ...
Ammonium Sulfate Suspensions - Technical Note Note that for an ammonium sulfate suspension, most of the enzyme will be in solid ... ammonium sulfate suspension, ≥50 units/mg protein Synonym: Donor:hydrogen peroxide oxidoreductase, Peroxidase ... It is likely that only negligible amounts of enzyme will be in the ammonium sulfate solution.. Keywords: Enzyme activity ...
  • The main disadvantage to the use of ammonium sulfate is its low nitrogen content relative to ammonium nitrate, which elevates transportation costs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The EBFGT technology is aimed at achieving higher rates of removal of pollutants for better economic competitiveness in the generation of useful byproducts such as ammonium nitrate and Ammonium sulfate in addition to the lower operating costs by 25 per cent of other competitive technologies. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 5 % nitrate & (b) 2 production lines of crystalline ammonium sulfate fertilizers of 20. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Since 1 pound of any dry fertilizer equals about two cups, that is about four cups of ammonium sulfate , two overflowing cups of ammonium nitrate, or 1. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In the mining industry, the term ANFO specifically describes a mixture of solid ammonium nitrate prills and diesel fuel. (kidzworld.co.za)
  • Since 2014, Slovenia Import of Ammonium Sulphate, Double Salts and Mixtures of Ammonium Sulphate and Ammonium Nitrate decreased by 14.5% year on year. (nationmaster.com)
  • In 2019, the country was ranked number 50 comparing other countries in Import of Ammonium Sulphate, Double Salts and Mixtures of Ammonium Sulphate and Ammonium Nitrate at $615,617.64. (nationmaster.com)
  • Since 2013, Norway Export of Ammonium Sulphate, Double Salts and Mixtures of Ammonium Sulphate and Ammonium Nitrate fell by 45.4% year on year. (nationmaster.com)
  • With $237.31 in 2018, the country was number 81 comparing other countries in Export of Ammonium Sulphate, Double Salts and Mixtures of Ammonium Sulphate and Ammonium Nitrate. (nationmaster.com)
  • UAN = urea ammonium nitrate solution. (shibang-china.com)
  • The nitrogen in ammonium form can be absorbed by the plant, but is largely converted into nitrate in the soil, making it slower and less easy to wash out. (nutrinorm.nl)
  • Yao, X. and Zhang, L.: Decoding long-term trends in the wet deposition of sulfate, nitrate, and ammonium after reducing the perturbation from climate anomalies, Atmos. (atmos-chem-phys.net)
  • Ammonium sulfate is a salt of ammonia and sulfuric acid , and its chemical formula is (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Ammonium sulfate is prepared commercially by reacting ammonia with sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4 ). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The aqueous solution on boiling loses some ammonia and forms an acid sulfate. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Ammonium sulfate is made by treating ammonia with sulfuric acid: 2 NH3 + H2SO4 → (NH4)2SO4 A mixture of ammonia gas and water vapor is introduced into a reactor that contains a saturated solution of ammonium sulfate and about 2 to 4% of free sulfuric acid at 60 °C. Concentrated sulfuric acid is added to keep the solution acidic, and to retain its level of free acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • are either ammonia gas or water solutions of ammonia or ammonium sulphate. (shibang-china.com)
  • ammonium sulfate ammonia stainless steel. (shibang-china.com)
  • Ammonium sulfate Molecular Formula: (NH4)2SO4 CAS NO.: 7783-20-2 Purity: 99%min Appearance: white solid Quality standard: Standard: National Standard. (eceurope.com)
  • Gradients of ammonium sulfate in liposomes [(NH4)2SO4]lip. (nih.gov)
  • 4.0 gram of ferrous ammonium sulphate, FeSO4*(NH4)2SO4 * 6H2O, is used. (jiskha.com)
  • 4.0 g of ferrous ammmonium sulphate, FeSO4(NH4)2SO4 6H2O, is used. (jiskha.com)
  • also ammonium sulphate in British English), (NH4)2SO4, is an inorganic salt with a number of commercial uses. (comunicati.net)
  • Ammonium aluminium sulfate , also known as ammonium alum or just alum , is a white crystalline double sulfate usually encountered as the dodecahydrate, formula (NH 4 )Al(SO 4 ) 2 ·12H 2 O. It is used in small amounts in a variety of niche applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • 21% fertilizer price caprolactam grade crystalline ammonium sulphate Product Description 1. (eceurope.com)
  • Ammonium sulphate is a salty, odourless white crystalline solid that is mainly used as a direct nitrogenous fertiliser or in compound fertilisers. (marketresearch.com)
  • Ammonium Chloride, Granular, Reagent, ACS is an inorganic compound, that presents itself as a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water. (fitnesshealthandwellnesscenter.com)
  • Granulated ammonium sulfate is a high-quality fertilizer that is traded at higher prices than standard products in crystalline form. (homeschool-curriculum-and-support.com)
  • Mar 2, 2017 - Ammonium sulfate is a solid, crystalline salt, primarily used as a fertilizer. (davidswansonantiques.com)
  • Ammonium sulfate precipitation is a common method for protein purification by precipitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ammonium sulfate is extremely soluble in water due to its ionic nature, therefore it can "salt out" proteins by precipitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Precipitation by ammonium sulfate is a result of a reduction in solubility rather than protein denaturation, thus the precipitated protein can be solubilized through the use of standard buffers . (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] Ammonium sulfate precipitation provides a convenient and simple means to fractionate complex protein mixtures. (wikipedia.org)
  • In biochemistry , ammonium sulfate precipitation is a common method for purifying proteins by precipitation. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Ammonium Sulfate (Precipitation) Calculator EnCor Biotechnology Inc. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The ammonium sulfate precipitation was carried out by adding solid ammonium sulfate to crude enzyme mixture until 0-30 per cent saturation (w/v) with continuous stirring at 4[degrees]C. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • After centrifugating the broth (having LAB), the obtained lysate was subjected to purification by using ammonium sulfate precipitation method. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Selective precipitation with ammonium sulfate, opposite to the usual precipitation technique which uses acetic acid, does not interfere with the determination of volatile fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hi, I cannot fractionate transgene protein from plant protein by ammonium sulfate precipitation. (protocol-online.org)
  • I don't understand why ammonium sulfate precipitation cannot partially purified my protein and why most of the protein precipitate at 20% saturation? (protocol-online.org)
  • Ynthetic crystals of nickel ammonium sulphate (NiSO4(NH4)2.6H2O) Such crystals are made by precipitation from a solution of nickel in sulphuric acid. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Before that, i have to do ammonium sulphate precipitation. (protocol-online.org)
  • Iliev, P. 2016-11-24 00:00:00 The process of precipitation of ammonium ferric sulfate dodecahydrate (NH4Fe(SO4)2·12H2O) from waste solutions, obtained during autoclave oxidation of pyrite concentrate has been studied. (deepdyve.com)
  • Based on comprehensive laboratory tests, the study determined the optimal conditions for the precipitation process of ammonium ferric sulfate dodecahydrate (AFS) by salting out with ammonium sulfate: reagent excess (100% over stoichiometric, temperature 276 K, time 1 h). (deepdyve.com)
  • The Precipitation of Egg-Albumin by Ammonium Sulphate. (biochemj.org)
  • Ammonium alum is made from aluminium hydroxide , sulfuric acid and ammonium sulfate . (wikipedia.org)
  • Ammonium alum is not a major industrial chemical or a particularly useful laboratory reagent, but it is cheap and effective, which invites many niche applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] The pH of the solution resulting from the topical application of ammonium alum with perspiration is typically in the slightly acid range, from 3 to 5. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aluminium sulfate , closely related to ammonium alum, is considered nontoxic up to LD 50 of 6207 mg/kg. (wikipedia.org)
  • Product Brief: We are Manufacturer of aluminum ammonium sulfate,ammonium alum,tschermigite. (ecvv.com)
  • We bring a comprehensive range of Aluminum Sulphate ( Non- Ferric Alum) widely used for Medicinal, Cosmetics, Flame retardant and Industrial purposes. (indiamart.com)
  • Forecast of international trade of ammonium sulphate (2017-2021), thous. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Analyze the top manufacturers of Ammonium Sulfate, with sales, revenue, and price of Ammonium Sulfate, in 2015 and 2017. (comunicati.net)
  • Show the global market by regions, with sales, revenue and market share of Ammonium Sulfate , for each region, from 2011 to 2017. (comunicati.net)
  • In Chapter Eleven Ammonium Sulfate forecast, by regions, type and application, with sales and revenue, from 2017 to 2022. (comunicati.net)
  • This report splits Ammonium sulfate market by Purity, by Production Process, which shares the history data information from 2012 to 2016 and forecast from 2017 to 2022. (qyresearchreports.com)
  • The research report studies the global Global and china ammonium sulfate industry professional market report 2017 market on the basis of several criteria, including type, application, and geography to provide a better understanding to the readers. (qyresearchreports.com)
  • The report also sheds light on the current trends related to the demand, supply, and sales of Global and china ammonium sulfate industry professional market report 2017, along with the recent developments in the field. (qyresearchreports.com)
  • The research report takes into consideration the drivers, restraints, trends, and opportunities of the global Global and china ammonium sulfate industry professional market report 2017 market in order to identify the future of the market. (qyresearchreports.com)
  • The report also provides an estimation of the overall market size in terms of both value and volume and offers qualitative and quantitative insights into the key segments and the geographical subdivisions of the Global and china ammonium sulfate industry professional market report 2017 market. (qyresearchreports.com)
  • According to the report, equipment and raw material are two primary components of the manufacturing process of Global and china ammonium sulfate industry professional market report 2017. (qyresearchreports.com)
  • Therefore, the report provides a 360-degree view of the global Global and china ammonium sulfate industry professional market report 2017 market. (qyresearchreports.com)
  • YNB w/o Ammonium Sulfate w/o Copper Sulfate w/o Ferric Chloride is a component of synthetic defined yeast media. (mpbio.com)
  • When excess barium chloride was added to the first portion it was found that 3.5g of barium sulfate was precipitated. (enotes.com)
  • Find Ammonium Chloride, Granular, FCC at SpectrumChemical.com now. (fitnesshealthandwellnesscenter.com)
  • You have three solutions, A, B, and C, each of which are believed to be one of the following: calcium hydroxide, potassium sulfate, and sodium chloride. (jiskha.com)
  • 1) An unknown solution was treated with ammonium hydroxide and then with barium chloride. (jiskha.com)
  • Animal Feed Additives Powder Crystal Granular Industrial Grade Ammonium Chloride Product details Product name Tetradecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride Other name: Myristyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, 1431 Purity: 99% CAS NO.: 4574-04-3 Molecular Formula. (gimpguru.org)
  • Dear Sulf-N Ambassador:As farmers tune up their drills for wheat planting, it's a great time to consider the role of a pre-plant application of ammonium sulfate in improving wheat yields.Wheat demands a lot of sulfur an 80-bushel wheat crop needs 20 pounds of sulfur per acre, and a 100-bushel crop will utilize 25 pounds of sulfur per season. (honeywell.com)
  • The sulfate form of sulfur is immediately available for root uptake. (honeywell.com)
  • Ammonium Sulfate: Higher Efficiency, Higher Corn Yields Sulfur has become recognized as the fourth macronutrient, joining nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) on the list of vital nutrients for corn production. (honeywell.com)
  • A critical period of sulfur uptake in corn occurs very early in the growing season, before microbes can release tied-up sources of sulfur and before root systems are large enough to reach subsoil sulfate reserves.Sulfur is especially vital to today's corn crops. (honeywell.com)
  • Sulfate sulfur is immediately available to crops. (honeywell.com)
  • Visit www.sulfn.com or contact your Honeywell representative for more details on how Sulf-N ® ammonium sulfate can improve your corn yields.Regards,Mercedes GearhartAgronomy Manager, Honeywell 1 Plant food uptake tables International Plant Nutrition Institute 2 Evaluation of banded application of sulfur for corn production in conservation tillage production systems. (honeywell.com)
  • It contains 21 percent nitrogen in the form of ammonium ions and 24 percent sulfur as sulfate ions. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • A saturated solution of ammonium sulfate in heavy water (D2O) is used as an external standard in sulfur (33S) NMR spectroscopy with shift value of 0 ppm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ammonium sulfate has a high sulfur content in the sulfate form which occurs naturally in volcanic fumaroles as a rare mineral, mascagnite. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • It contains 21% nitrogen as ammonium cations, and 24% sulfur as sulfate anions. (vertellus.com)
  • Ammonium sulfate is a weaker source of acidic compounds than elemental sulfur or aluminum sulfate. (sfgate.com)
  • The global demand for ammonium sulfate is expected to increase in areas with rising sulfur-deficient soils, especially in areas with tight environmental controls such as North America. (comunicati.net)
  • Which One Is Better for Blueberry Plants: Sulfur or Ammonium Sulfate? (sfgate.com)
  • Sulfur and ammonium sulfate benefit blueberry bushes. (sfgate.com)
  • Sulfur and ammonium sulfate are used to lower the pH of the soil, but each works differently. (sfgate.com)
  • http://homeguides.sfgate.com/one-better-blueberry-plants-sulfur-ammonium-sulfate-81116.html. (sfgate.com)
  • Ammonium phosphate and ammonium sulfate , known for their use as agricultural fertilizers, are also often added to provide nutrients to help the forest regenerate after a burn. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Ammonium sulphate is used in wide range of applications such as fertilizers for alkaline soils, purifying protein, flame retardants, food additives, and for the preparation of ammonium salts such as ammonium persulfate. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • Globally demand for ammonium sulphate market is driven by factors such as increasing consumption of nitrogen based fertilizers globally to increase crop yields and increasing usage of ammonium sulphate in the food and beverage industr. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • Product Specification: Ammonium sulphate is one of the most widely used nitrogen fertilizers. (fitnesshealthandwellnesscenter.com)
  • Ammonium sulfate [(NH4)2 SO4] was one of the first and most widely used nitrogen (N) fertilizers for crop production. (fitnesshealthandwellnesscenter.com)
  • However, as a major portion of ammonium sulfate is manufactured involuntarily as a co-product or by-product, its volume of production is influenced more by the general industrial output than by the demand for fertilizers. (comunicati.net)
  • Spectrum™ Ammonium Sulfate, Crystal, Reagent, ACS is an inorganic salt that is very soluble in water Most often used as a soil fertilizer to release minute amounts of acid. (fishersci.com)
  • Aluminium ammonium sulfate Appearance: White powder or crystal Formula: NH4Al(SO4)2·12H2O Molecular Weight: 453. (opencroquet.org)
  • crystal Capro Grade Ammonium Sulphate fertiliser Unit Price: USD 100.00 / Ton Payment Type: L/C,T/T Incoterm: FOB,CFR,CIF Min. (spintoband.com)
  • Ammonium Sulfate (AS) 1 Steel Grade AS White Crystal Powder N20.5% MIN. (spintoband.com)
  • fertilizer ammonium sulphateAmmonium Sulphate Crystal(Caprolac Product Description - - - - Ammonium sulphate (Caprolactam Grade) is the Top Grade Quality. (eceurope.com)
  • China Ammonium Sulphate Granular/Ammonium Sulfate Crystal. (davidswansonantiques.com)
  • Quickly generate murine models of intestinal inflammatory diseases using our high-quality, high-purity dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). (mpbio.com)
  • Reagecon's Ammonium Sulphate 0.5M (1.0N) Analytical Volumetric Solution (AVL) is a fully factorised, high purity, stable product, developed and tested for oxidation/reduction titrations. (reagecon.com)
  • Tables for the preparation of ammonium sulfate solutions. (nih.gov)
  • It is also used in the preparation of other ammonium salts . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Ammonium sulfate is used on a small scale in the preparation of other ammonium salts, especially ammonium persulfate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ammonium Sulfate is also used as a food additive and in the preparation of other ammonium salts. (vertellus.com)
  • In the analysis of rubber lattices, volatile fatty acids are analyzed by precipitating rubber with a 35% ammonium sulfate solution, which leaves a clear liquid from which volatile fatty acids are regenerated with sulfuric acid and then distilled with steam. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the soil, the sulfate ion is released and forms sulfuric acid , lowering the pH balance of the soil (as do other sulfate compounds such as aluminum sulfate), while contributing essential nitrogen for plant growth. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • All capro grade ammonium sulphate wholesalers & capro grade ammonium sulphate manufacturers come from members. (spintoband.com)
  • We doesn't provide capro grade ammonium sulphate products or service, please contact them directly and verify their companies info carefully. (spintoband.com)
  • Ammonium sulphate Ammoium Sulphate Ammonium Sulfate Msds Ammonium Sulfate Price Ammonium Sulphate Agriculture Grade Ammonium Sulphate N21% Ammonium Sulphate Powder Ammonium Sulphate Producer Capro Grade Ammonium Sulphate Cpl Grade . (spintoband.com)
  • Powder Tech Grade Ammonium Sulphate, 25 Kg, 500 Kg. (davidswansonantiques.com)
  • Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European … Our company provides this Ammonium Sulfate Sulphate SDS information sheet contained herein in good faith but makes no representation as to its comprehensiveness or accuracy. (mercinewyork.com)
  • Since ammonium sulphate is majorly produced as a by-product of caprolactam, the report also covers an extensive list of ammonium sulphate manufacturers by caprolactam along with their capacity for both caprolactam and ammonium sulphate in the specified regions. (marketresearch.com)
  • On the basis of production process, the global and Far East & Baltic nations ammonium sulphate market is segmented by caprolactam, coke oven gas, gypsum and neutralisation & others. (sbwire.com)
  • In 2014, ammonium sulphate was majorly produced as a by-product of caprolactam. (sbwire.com)
  • With exponentially high growth in the caprolactam capacity, China also witnessed high capacity additions, though indirectly, for ammonium sulphate over the past couple of years. (sbwire.com)
  • In 2014, more than half of the total ammonium sulphate was produced as by-product of caprolactam. (sbwire.com)
  • The forecast also assesses the total revenue as well as volume of ammonium sulphate. (marketresearch.com)
  • Reaction between copper(II) sulphate and ammonium hydroxide. (sciencephoto.com)
  • When a small amount of ammonium hydroxide is added (centre) a precipitate of copper(II) hydroxide is formed. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Adding more ammonium hydroxide dissolves the copper(II) hydroxide (right). (sciencephoto.com)
  • This is also soluble in ammonium hydroxide, so not precipitate forms, but a deep blue colour is seen in solution. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Ammonium sulfate occurs naturally as the rare mineral mascagnite in volcanic fumaroles and due to coal fires on some dumps. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • ISO 9001 Approved Aluminium Sulfate Iron Free and Low Iron Provided for Water Treatment Product Description: Aluminum sulfate is used as a precipitant for rosin rubber, wax emulsion and other rubber materials in the. (opencroquet.org)
  • Ammonium lauryl sulfate (ALS) is the common name for ammonium dodecyl sulfate (CH3(CH2)10CH2OSO3NH4). (wikipedia.org)
  • The CIR report concluded that both sodium and ammonium lauryl sulfate "appear to be safe in formulations designed for discontinuous, brief use followed by thorough rinsing from the surface of the skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical Information Sheet - Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] Due to the high dielectric constant of water, the dissociated salt ions being cationic ammonium and anionic sulfate are readily solvated within hydration shells of water molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ammonium Sulfate is an inorganic salt with a number of commercial uses. (vertellus.com)
  • 6 months) due to the aggregation and gelation of anthracycline sulfate salt. (nih.gov)
  • Ferrous ammonium sulfate is a pale green or blue-green solid (powder or lumpy crystals). (chemicalbook.com)
  • The global ammonium sulphate market is expected to expand at a CAGR of 4.0% in terms of value during the projected period. (marketresearch.com)
  • The primary objective of the report is to offer updates on developments made in the global ammonium sulphate market and conduct quantitative as well as qualitative assessment of the market across various production processes and regional market segments. (marketresearch.com)
  • The Global Ammonium Sulfate Fertilizer Sales Industry report contains a complete product overview and its scope in the market to define the key terms and provide the clients a holistic idea of the market and its tendencies. (pdf-archive.com)
  • The report also contains key values and facts of the Global Ammonium Sulfate Fertilizer Sales market in terms of value and volume, sales and its growth rate, and revenue and its growth rate. (pdf-archive.com)
  • One of the major mainstays of the Global Ammonium Sulfate Fertilizer Sales Industry report is the coverage on the competition. (pdf-archive.com)
  • Key market trends, expert opinions, and a well curated forecast are all included in Global Ammonium Sulfate Fertilizer Sales Market report. (pdf-archive.com)
  • The global ammonium sulphate market is projected to expand at a CAGR of 4.0% in terms of value during the forecast period owing to various factors, regarding which FMI offers vital insights in detail in this report. (sbwire.com)
  • Ammonium sulphate provides an equal balance of nitrogen and sulphur and can. (fitnesshealthandwellnesscenter.com)
  • Increasing use of ammonium sulphate in compound fertilisers for nitrogen and sulphur nutrients in the agricultural industry is driving its demand globally. (sbwire.com)
  • OCI Agro's Ammonium Sulphate contains ammoniacal nitrogen and sulphur. (nutrinorm.nl)
  • Ammonium Sulphate can provide nitrogen and sulphur and can make crops thrive and improve fruit quality , yield and strengthen resistance to disaster.Ammonium Sulphate is the best quick-acting nitrogen fertilizer. (davidswansonantiques.com)
  • The final chapter provides in-depth analysis of prospects for the country's foreign trade in ammonium sulphate, as well the forecast for the development of the market for ammonium sulphate up to 2021. (marketpublishers.com)
  • We present average price forecast for ammonium sulphate. (marketpublishers.com)
  • This report identifies the ammonium sulfate market size in for the year 2014-2016, and forecast of the same for year 2021. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • This FMI study offers a 10-year forecast for the Global, Far East and Baltic Nations Ammonium Sulphate market over 2015-2025. (marketresearch.com)
  • The study demonstrates market dynamics and trends across regions that are expected to influence the current status and future prospects of the ammonium sulphate market over the forecast period. (marketresearch.com)
  • ChEBI: A hydrate that is the hexahydrate form of ferrous ammonium sulfate. (chemicalbook.com)
  • Ferrous ammonium sulfate hexahydrate is used in photography, analytical chemistry and in dosimeters. (chemicalbook.com)
  • Ferrous ammonium sulfate hexahydrate Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler. (chemicalbook.com)
  • 6H 2 O Molecular Weight : 392.14 g/mol Component Concentration Ammonium ferrous sulfate hexahydrate CAS -No. (mercinewyork.com)
  • Ammonium sulfate crystals can be incorporated into soil mixes for lawns and gardens or broadcast as a top dressing then watered in. (sfgate.com)
  • Ammonium sulfate is an inorganic chemical compound with the chemical formula (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Production specification of ammonium sulphate (1) Most typical inorganic nitrogen fertilizer. (eceurope.com)
  • All Verified ammonium aluminium sulfate suppliers & ammonium aluminium sulfate manufacturers have passed our Business License Check, they can provide quality ammonium aluminium sulfate products. (opencroquet.org)
  • In 2010, the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel evaluated the scientific data for these ingredients and the closely related sodium laureth sulfate and ammonium laureth sulfate and concluded that all of these ingredients were safe for use in cosmetics and personal care products in the present practices of use and concentration, when formulated to be non-irritating. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • 3781 products - Supply high quality Ammonium sulphate White crystaline --best quality in China. (davidswansonantiques.com)
  • 1486 products - Looking for affordable ammonium sulfate fertilizer price? (davidswansonantiques.com)
  • Substance name : Ammonium Sulfate CAS-No. Ammonium Sulfate Solution Acidified Flinn Scientific, Inc. P.O. Date: August 18, 2015 Revision: 2.1 Page 1 of 6 Prepared according to Regulation (EC)No 1272/2008 (CLP) The material contained herein is the property of StatLab Medical Products. (mercinewyork.com)
  • The report provides the following analytical materials on the ammonium sulphate: general description, international trade dynamics (2011-2016), exports/imports (2016) broken down by country, major suppliers and consumers, average price. (marketpublishers.com)
  • It also assesses the dynamics of country's foreign trade in ammonium sulphate in 2006-2016. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Increasing use of ammonium sulphate as fertiliser (especially for alkaline soils), as major supply source for sulphur nutrient and for enhancing herbicide efficiency is fuelling its demand. (sbwire.com)
  • Ammonium sulphate is mainly used as a direct nitrogenous fertiliser or in producing compound fertilisers. (sbwire.com)
  • In the soil the ammonium ion is released and forms a small amount of acid, lowering the pH balance of the soil , while contributing essential nitrogen for plant growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lauryl sulfates however exhibit poor soil suspending capacity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fertilizer the purpose of the sulfate is to reduce the soil pH. (vertellus.com)
  • A pot experiment was carried out using a Bangladesh sandy loam paddy soil of pH 6.9 to compare the rates at which nitrogen from Azolla and ammonium sulphate was available to a high yielding rice variety, IR8, grown for 60 days in pots with 4 cm standing flood water. (springer.com)
  • Ammonium sulfate is generally a safe and easy chemical option to lower your soil's pH, either to prepare your soil for planting or to maintain a lower pH in naturally alkaline or neutral soils. (sfgate.com)
  • It's a good idea to conduct a thorough soil test before applying ammonium sulfate. (sfgate.com)
  • Before applying ammonium sulfate to your lawn or garden soil, conduct a thorough soil test. (sfgate.com)
  • Adding ammonium sulfate to untested, naturally acidic soil can lower its pH to the point that it negatively impacts plant health. (sfgate.com)
  • Ammonium sulfate has been produced since the 19th century as a horticultural fertilizer and soil treatment. (sfgate.com)
  • In the presence of water and oxygen in the soil, ammonium and sulfate are decomposed by naturally occurring microbes. (sfgate.com)
  • Since ammonium sulfate gradually lowers soil pH, periodic applications may be required over several seasons, especially if your soil is significantly alkaline in its natural state. (sfgate.com)
  • Ammonium sulfate (7783-20-2) Log Pow -5.1 (at 25 °C) Mobility in Soil: Not available Other Adverse Effects Other Information: Avoid release to the environment. (mercinewyork.com)
  • Ammonium sulfate [(NH)SO] deposition and elevated ozone (O) concentrations may negatively affect plants and trophic interactions. (americanelements.com)
  • To calculate the market size, the report considers average price of ammonium sulphate across geographies on a regional/country basis, as and when required. (marketresearch.com)