Brain blood flow and blood pressure during hypoxia in the epaulette shark Hemiscyllium ocellatum, a hypoxia-tolerant elasmobranch. (1/267)

The key to surviving hypoxia is to protect the brain from energy depletion. The epaulette shark (Hemiscyllium ocellatum) is an elasmobranch able to resist energy depletion and to survive hypoxia. Using epi-illumination microscopy in vivo to observe cerebral blood flow velocity on the brain surface, we show that cerebral blood flow in the epaulette shark is unaffected by 2 h of severe hypoxia (0.35 mg O2 l-1 in the respiratory water, 24 C). Thus, the epaulette shark differs from other hypoxia- and anoxia-tolerant species studied: there is no adenosine-mediated increase in cerebral blood flow such as that occurring in freshwater turtles and cyprinid fish. However, blood pressure showed a 50 % decrease in the epaulette shark during hypoxia, indicating that a compensatory cerebral vasodilatation occurs to maintain cerebral blood flow. We observed an increase in cerebral blood flow velocity when superfusing the normoxic brain with adenosine (making sharks the oldest vertebrate group in which this mechanism has been found). The adenosine-induced increase in cerebral blood flow velocity was reduced by the adenosine receptor antagonist aminophylline. Aminophylline had no effect upon the maintenance of cerebral blood flow during hypoxia, however, indicating that adenosine is not involved in maintaining cerebral blood flow in the epaulette shark during hypoxic hypotension.  (+info)

Randomised controlled trial of aminophylline for severe acute asthma. (2/267)

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether children with severe acute asthma treated with large doses of inhaled salbutamol, inhaled ipratropium, and intravenous steroids are conferred any further benefits by the addition of aminophylline given intravenously. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial of 163 children admitted to hospital with asthma who were unresponsive to nebulised salbutamol. RESULTS: The placebo and treatment groups of children were similar at baseline. The 48 children in the aminophylline group had a greater improvement in spirometry at six hours and a higher oxygen saturation in the first 30 hours. Five subjects in the placebo group were intubated and ventilated after enrollment compared with none in the aminophylline group. CONCLUSIONS: Aminophylline continues to have a place in the management of severe acute asthma in children unresponsive to initial treatment.  (+info)

Pharmacokinetics of theophylline metabolites in 8 Chinese patients. (3/267)

AIM: To study theophylline metabolites pharmacokinetics in patients after a therapeutic dose. METHODS: Eight adult patients with mild bronchial asthma and normal liver function were infused aminophylline intravenously (6.6 mumol.kg-1). The plasma concentrations of theophylline and its 4 metabolites: 1,3-dimethyluric acid (DMUA), 3-methylxanthine (3-MX), 1-methyluric acid (MUA), and the intermediate 1-methylxanthine (1-MX) were monitored by HPLC throughout 24 h. RESULTS: The plasma concentration of DMUA was the highest one among the 4 metabolites. 3-MX showed the slowest elimination rate. The plasma concentration of 1-MX throughout a 24-h period showed that there was a picking up of 1-MX (from 0.04 mumol.L-1 to 1.05 mumol.L-1) in the next morning. CONCLUSION: The formation of DMUA was the main metabolites. During night there was an accumulation of 1-MX.  (+info)

Aminophylline alters the core temperature response to acute hypoxemia in newborn and older guinea pigs. (4/267)

In newborns and adults of a number of species, exposure to acute hypoxemia produces a "regulated" decrease in core temperature, the mechanism of which is unknown. The present experiments were carried out on chronically instrumented newborn (5-10 days of age; n = 27) and older (25-30 days of age; n = 23) guinea pigs to test the hypothesis that adenosine mediates this regulated decrease in core temperature. During an experiment, core temperature was measured by biotelemetry from animals studied in a thermocline during a control period of normoxemia, an experimental period of normoxemia or acute hypoxemia (fraction of inspired oxygen 0.10), and during a recovery period of normoxemia after an intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg aminophylline (i.e., a nonspecific adenosine antagonist) or vehicle. Core temperature decreased significantly during hypoxemia after vehicle in both newborn and older guinea pigs. After aminophylline, however, newborn guinea pigs failed to significantly decrease their core temperature, whereas older guinea pigs exhibited an attenuated yet significant core temperature decrease during hypoxemia. Our data support the hypothesis that adenosine plays an age-dependent role in mediating the regulated decrease in core temperature that occurs in newborn and older guinea pigs during acute hypoxemia.  (+info)

Adenosine contributes to hypoxia-induced forearm vasodilation in humans. (5/267)

In humans, hypoxia leads to increased sympathetic neural outflow to skeletal muscle. However, blood flow increases in the forearm. The mechanism of hypoxia-induced vasodilation is unknown. To test whether hypoxia-induced vasodilation is cholinergically mediated or is due to local release of adenosine, normal subjects were studied before and during acute hypoxia (inspired O(2) 10.5%; approximately 20 min). In experiment I, aminophylline (50-200 microg. min(-1). 100 ml forearm tissue(-1)) was infused into the brachial artery to block adenosine receptors (n = 9). In experiment II, cholinergic vasodilation was blocked by atropine (0.4 mg over 4 min) infused into the brachial artery (n = 8). The responses of forearm blood flow (plethysmography) and forearm vascular resistance to hypoxia in the infused and opposite (control) forearms were compared. During hypoxia (arterial O(2) saturation 77 +/- 2%), minute ventilation and heart rate increased while arterial pressure remained unchanged; forearm blood flow rose by 35 +/- 6% in the control forearm but only by 5 +/- 8% in the aminophylline-treated forearm (P < 0.02). Accordingly, forearm vascular resistance decreased by 29 +/- 5% in the control forearm but only by 9 +/- 6% in the aminophylline-treated forearm (P < 0.02). Atropine did not attenuate forearm vasodilation during hypoxia. These data suggest that adenosine contributes to hypoxia-induced vasodilation, whereas cholinergic vasodilation does not play a role.  (+info)

Mutability of different genetic loci in mammalian cells by metabolically activated carcinogenic polycyclic hydrocarbons. (6/267)

The relationship between carcinogenesis and mutagenesis in mammalian cells has been determined with 10 polycyclic hydrocarbons with different degrees of carcinogenicity. Mutagenesis was determined in Chinese hamster cells with genetic markers that affect the surface membrane, nucleic-acid synthesis, and protein synthesis. The mutations were characterized by resistance to ouabain, 8-azaguanine, and temperature. Mutagenesis by the carcinogens required metabolic activation and this was provided by the presence of lethally irradiated metabolizing cells. The degree of carcinogenicity was related to the degree of mutagenicity for all three genetic markers. The most potent carcinogen, 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, gave the highest mutagenicity and mutagenicity was obtained with 0.01 mug/ml. Treatment of the cells with aminophylline, which increases polycyclic hydrocarbon metabolism, increased mutagenesis by the carcinogens. It is suggested that such an experimental system with these and other mammalian cells should be useful as a sensitive assay for hazardous environmental chemicals.  (+info)

Pharmacological properties of some xanthone derivatives. (7/267)

A series of aminoalkanolic derivatives of xanthone were examined in some experimental models of epilepsia, i.e., pilocarpine, aminophylline and pentetrazole-induced seizures. A final objective of this research was to examine the action of these compounds on the central nervous system, namely on spontaneous locomotor activity, amphetamine-induced hyperactivity and narcotic sleep induced by hexobarbital, as well as their influence on the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) level and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) activity in mice brain. The most interesting were the pharmacological results of (R)-2-N-methylamino-1-butanol derivative of 7-chloro-2-methylxanthone [Id], which displayed protective activity against the seizures induced by maximum electroshock and pentetrazole induced seizures; moreover, this compound had a relatively low toxicity and did not exhibit a neurotoxic effect. The influence on the locomotor activity as well as on the amphetamine-induced locomotor hyperactivity in mice was also seen for Id. Compound Id did not decrease the GABA level in mice brain.  (+info)

Metabolic and respiratory effects of theophylline in the preterm infant. (8/267)

BACKGROUND: Methylxanthines are often administered to preterm infants for the treatment of apnoea. AIMS: To study the effects of theophylline on energy metabolism, physical activity, and lung mechanics in preterm infants. METHODS: Indirect calorimetry was performed for six hours before and after administration of a bolus of theophylline (5 mg/kg) in 18 preterm infants while physical activity was recorded with a video camera. Lung mechanics measurements were performed at baseline and 12 and 24 hours after theophylline treatment. RESULTS: Theophylline increased mean (SEM) energy expenditure by 15 (5) kJ/kg/day and augmented carbohydrate utilisation from 6.8 to 8.0 g/kg/day, but fat oxidation was unchanged. After theophylline treatment, preterm infants had faster respiration, lower transcutaneous CO2, and improved static respiratory compliance without increased physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: A bolus of 5 mg/kg theophylline increased energy expenditure independently of physical activity, increased carbohydrate utilisation, and improved respiratory compliance. The increased energy expenditure could be detrimental to the growth of the preterm infant.  (+info)

*Aminophylline

... has shown some promise as a bodyfat reducer when used as a topical cream. Aminophylline is also a treatment ... Aminophylline can lead to theophylline toxicity. Aminophylline has been found to decrease the sedative effects of propofol and ... Aminophylline is a nonselective adenosine receptor antagonist and phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Intravenous Aminophylline can be ... The ethylenediamine improves solubility, and the aminophylline is usually found as a dihydrate. Aminophylline is less potent ...

*DMOZ - Health: Pharmacy: Drugs and Medications: A: Aminophylline

Aminophylline is a xanthine derivative. It works by relaxing the smooth muscle surrounding the bronchial tubes (air passages) ... Aminophylline improves contraction of the diaphragm (the major breathing muscle). ... Aminophylline is a xanthine derivative. It works by relaxing the smooth muscle surrounding the bronchial tubes (air passages) ...

*Cardiac syndrome X

Aminophylline may also work, while estrogen can be effective in women. Also, a change in lifestyle is highly recommended in ... aminophylline - may work by inhibiting adenosine receptors. estrogen - may work in women. L-Arginine - increases release of NO ...

*Adenosine A2A receptor

Burton JH, Mass M, Menegazzi JJ, Yealy DM (Aug 1997). "Aminophylline as an adjunct to standard advanced cardiac life support in ... Viskin S, Belhassen B, Roth A, Reicher M, Averbuch M, Sheps D, Shalabye E, Laniado S (Feb 1993). "Aminophylline for ... Khoury MY, Moukarbel GV, Obeid MY, Alam SE (May 2001). "Effect of aminophylline on complete atrioventricular block with ... Mader TJ, Smithline HA, Durkin L, Scriver G (Mar 2003). "A randomized controlled trial of intravenous aminophylline for ...

*Acute severe asthma

"Ketamine versus aminophylline for status asthmatic in children: A randomized, controlled trial." European respiratory journal ... According to a new randomized control trial ketamine and aminophylline are also effective in children with acute asthma who ...

*Theacrine

In adult rats, the LD50 of caffeine and aminophylline was the same after 24 h and after 1 week of observation: caffeine 265 mg/ ... "Comparative toxicity of caffeine and aminophylline (theophylline ethylenediamine) in young and adult rats". Biology of the ...

*Asthma

Aminophylline treatment is associated with more adverse effects compared to inhaled beta-2 agonist treatment. Mast cell ... Nair, Parameswaran; Milan, Stephen J.; Rowe, Brian H. (2012-12-12). "Addition of intravenous aminophylline to inhaled beta(2)- ... Intravenous administration of the drug aminophylline does not provide an improvement in bronchodilation when compared to ...

*Dipyridamole

... overdose can be treated with aminophylline which reverses its dilating effect on the blood vessels. Symptomatic ... Administration of xanthine derivatives (e.g., aminophylline) may reverse the hemodynamic effects of dipyridamole overdose. ...

*Contrast-induced nephropathy

Adenosine antagonists such as the methylxanthines theophylline and aminophylline, may help although studies have conflicting ...

*Cardiac stress test

Aminophylline may be used to attenuate severe and/or persistent adverse reactions to Adenosine and Lexiscan. The stress test ...

*Pralidoxime

... aminophylline, succinylcholine, reserpine, and phenothiazine-type tranquilizers should be avoided in patients with ...

*Christian J. Lambertsen

"The effects of aminophylline and meperidine alone and in combination on the respiratory response to carbon dioxide inhalation ...

*Ethylenediamine

... is an ingredient in the common bronchodilator drug aminophylline, where it serves to solubilize the active ...

*Iberiotoxin

Patients with pulmonary oedema are propped up and given intravenous aminophylline, intravenous sodium bicarbonate, oral ...

*Bioavailability

"Bioavailability of theophylline from a sustained-release aminophylline formulation (Euphyllin retard tablets) - plasma levels ...

*CS gas

In patients with pre-existing respiratory disease, suffering from acute bronchospasm: humidified oxygen, aminophylline, and ...

*Single-photon emission computed tomography

... aminophylline can be used to reverse the effects of dipyridamole). SPECT imaging performed after stress reveals the ...

*List of MeSH codes (D03)

... aminophylline MeSH D03.438.759.758.824.751.162 --- dimenhydrinate MeSH D03.438.759.758.824.751.250 --- dyphylline MeSH D03.438. ...

*Mesotherapy

Substances used include these: Phosphatidylcholine T3-T4 thyroid, Isoproterenol Aminophylline Pentoxifylline L-carnitine L- ...

*Carena

... a trademark for the drug Aminophylline Felice Carena, an Italian painter Marcela Carena, an Argentinian theoretical physicist ...

*List of phosphodiesterase inhibitors

Adibendan Aminophylline Aminophylline dihydrate Amipizone Apremilast Arofylline Atizoram Befuraline Bemarinone hydrochloride ...

*List of MeSH codes (D02)

... aminophylline MeSH D02.092.782.258.368.250 --- edetic acid MeSH D02.092.782.258.368.257 --- egtazic acid MeSH D02.092.782.258. ...

*List of veterinary drugs

... as an analgesic for chronic pain aminophylline - bronchodilator amitraz - antiparasitic used to control ticks, mites, lice and ...

*Lansoprazole

... sucralfate ampicillin bisacodyl clopidogrel delavirdine fluvoxamine iron salts voriconazole aminophylline and theophylline ...

*Phosphatidylcholine

... which might be an indirect effect of the method of aminophylline absorption into the systemic circulation.' Amber KT, Ovadia S ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of aminophylline on brain stem auditory evoked potentials in preterm infants. AU - Chen, Y. J.. AU - Liou, C. S.. AU - Tsai, C. H.. AU - Yeh, T. F.. PY - 1994/8/2. Y1 - 1994/8/2. N2 - To determine the neurophysiological effects of aminophylline on apnoea of prematurity, the brain stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) of 30 apnoeic infants and 34 age matched controls were evaluated and compared. After six days of treatment with aminophylline, the brain stem conduction time (interpeak latency of I-V) in apnoeic infants decreased compared with controls of a similar post-conceptional age. The mean latencies of the peaks and interpeaks of all waves except wave I were significantly lower in the apnoeic infants after than before receiving aminophylline. No significant differences were found in the latencies of BAEPs between the apnoeic infants who responded and those who did not respond to aminophylline treatment, however. These results suggest that aminophylline may enhance ...
Acute asthma is a common paediatric emergency prevalent in many countries. Treatment aims to reverse asthma by opening up the airways and targeting the underlying inflammation of the airways. Beta-agonists, anticholinergic agents and glucocorticoids are currently the most commonly used strategies. In the past, aminophylline has been extensively used for the management of acute asthma, despite side effects. However, its use has declined with the availability of effective inhaled bronchodilators and glucocorticoids. The purpose of this review was to assess whether the use of intravenous aminophylline in children receiving maximised inhaled bronchodilators and glucocorticoids produced additional beneficial effects. We identified a small number of good quality trials which compared aminophylline with placebo in children given inhaled bronchodilators and glucocorticoid therapy. This review found evidence that children treated with aminophylline had a greater improvement in lung function than children ...
Before using the combination of BCG and aminophylline clinically, we need to first determine if aminophylline is safe, when placed directly into the bladder of patients who have bladder cancer. We will give it along with BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin) - a medication put into the bladder through a catheter tube to treat bladder cancer.. We also would like to determine the maximum dose of aminophylline that can be safely given and how the drug is absorbed and used by the body as well as document side effects when aminophylline is given in the bladder.. This is a study about aminophylline instilled into the bladder. Aminophylline has not been proven to be safe or a helpful treatment for bladder cancer. It is considered an experimental drug as used in this protocol for bladder cancer. Aminophylline has not been given to anyone who has bladder cancer. Aminophylline is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA ) to give directly into the bloodstream for the treatment of asthma. We intend ...
In recent years, clinical investigators have re-evaluated the role of intravenous aminophylline in the emergency room treatment of asthma. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institutes (NHLBI) recently published National Asthma Education Program Expert Panel Report (1) stated: "When used in combination with repetitively administered β2-agonist bronchodilators, intravenous aminophylline causes increased adverse side effects without affecting additive bronchodilation." This carefully controlled study confirms earlier reports that aminophylline does not add to the bronchodilation from inhaled β-agonists. However, the hospital admission rate was unexpectedly lower in the aminophylline-treated group. This observation is provocative and unexplained. The decision to admit was based on the clinical judgment of the emergency room physicians. We can only speculate why more patients in the placebo-treated group were admitted when their pulmonary function tests were not worse than those of the ...
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Objectives To establish whether aminophylline, administered at usual doses for rodents in pharmacological studies, induces brain injury in systemic hypoxaemia in guinea-pigs.. Methods A hypoxaemia (partial oxygen tension of arterial blood (PaO2) = 40-60 mmHg) model was developed by low tidal volume mechanical ventilation in guinea-pigs.. Key findings Under hypoxic conditions, aminophylline significantly increased the concentration of brain-specific creatine kinase in the serum in a dose- and time-dependent manner. A reduced number of hippocampal neuronal cells in the CA1 region, an increase in the concentration of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), an increase in lipid hydroperoxides and a decrease in the ratio of glutathione to glutathione disulfide in the brain tissues were also observed. These effects were not observed when aminophylline at the same doses was administered under normoxic conditions (PaO2 = 80-100 mmHg). There was no difference in either serum or CSF ...
Aminophylline is a drug combination that contains theophylline and ethylenediamine in a 2:1 ratio. Once in the body, theophylline is released and acts as a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, adenosine receptor blocker, and histone deacetylase activator. Similar to other theophyllines, aminophylline is indicated for the treatment of lung diseases such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, and COPD. The majority of aminophylline medications are discontinued and the remaining medications on the market are in short supply.
Aminophylline allergy in children - Aminophylline overdose for children my kid is 2 years old and took aminophylline 350 instead of 125 for two days twice daily whats longterm sideeffe? Symptoms now?? Aminophyllin at that dosage over the long term can precipitate uncontrollable seizures. If the errror was caught before that ensued, the med would have the effects of irritability, headaches and rapid heart rate. After the level has dropped to normal and or the medication is out of their system, no long term problems are usually seen. As a cousin of caffeine, its effect and side effects r similar.
Aminophylline definition, a theophylline derivative, C 16 H 24 N 10 O 4 , used chiefly to relieve bronchial spasm in asthma, in the treatment of certain heart conditions, and as a diuretic. See more.
Doxofylline is a new xanthine derivative with significant bronchodilatatory activity. We have studied in HPLC the distribution of doxofylline in various areas of rat brain (cortex, cerebellum, limbic system) and its activity on the central nervous system by using a spontaneous motility test comparing it with aminophylline administered orally in equimolar doses (4.7 - 9.4 - 19 x 10(-5) mol/kg). Doxofylline is absorbed 3 or 4 times less than aminophylline at the same doses. Nevertheless, the quantity of doxofylline that goes to the brain is equivalent to that absorbed, whereas the quantity of aminophylline is about one-third. This is due to the greater liposolubility of doxofylline in comparison to aminophylline. In spite of the fact that doxofylline is easily distributed in the brain, spontaneous motility in animals is not modified, whereas aminophylline increases this activity significantly. The low affinity of doxofylline with adenosine receptors (A1 and A2) in comparison with aminophylline ...
China Western Medicine Aminophylline Tablet B. P. 100mg, Find details about China Bronchodilator, Asthma from Western Medicine Aminophylline Tablet B. P. 100mg - Wuhan Uni-Pharma Bio-Tech Co., Ltd.
Aminophylline is considered a xanthine bronchodilator type of medication. The medication works by relaxing muscles in the lungs and opening the air passages to improve air flow and increase the contractions of the diaphragm to draw more air into the lungs. The tablets can be used to prevent and treat wheezing and trouble breathing caused by lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis, emphysema and asthma.
Used for treating active symptoms and blockage of airway due to asthma or other lung diseases such as emphysema or bronchitis. It is used in combination with other medicines. Aminophylline is a xanthine derivative. It works by relaxing the smooth muscle surrounding the bronchial tubes (air passages) of the lungs, allowing the tubes to widen, making breathing easier. Aminophylline improves contraction of the diaphragm (the major breathing muscle).
Approximately 250 patients who are referred for a nuclear stress testing of the heart with regadenoson (Lexiscan®) will be recruited to participate in the study. Following regadenoson (administered as part of a stress routine test protocol) participants will receive either aminophylline (75 mg - intravenously) or a matching inactive placebo (sterile salt water) injection. Participants will be surveyed for gastrointestinal symptoms and other side effects related to regadenoson. The frequency and severity of such side effects will be compared between the two study groups (aminophylline vs. placebo ...
SALVAVIDAS PHARMACEUTICAL from Surat, Gujarat (India) is a wholesaler, supplier and exporter of aminophylline injection at the best price.
To the editor: We were interested in the article by Reitberg and associates (1) describing a decreased theophylline clearance in six volunteers given cimetidine. We recently cared for a patient whose serum aminophylline concentration dramatically increased after the administration of cimetidine.. A 71-year-old woman had a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associated with severe steroid-dependent bronchospasm, atherosclerotic heart disease, Hodgkin disease in remission after chemotherapy, and peptic ulcer disease. She was hospitalized with an acute exacerbation of her lung disease and treated with intravenous aminophylline, 40 mg/h, which yielded a serum concentration of 20 µg/mL. After 2 days, the ...
Aminophyllines mechanism of action is not entirely understood. Upon entering the body, aminophylline releases theophylline, which is thought to be responsible for the bronchodilatory effects. There are various proposals for the molecular mechanism for theophylline, but not all of them take place at clinically effective concentrations. Theophylline works in three distinct ways as:. Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor Theophylline causes non-selective inhibition of type III and type IV isoenzymes of phosphodiesterase, which leads to increased tissue cyclic adenine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic 3′,5′ guanosine monophosphate concentrations, resulting in smooth muscle relaxation in lungs and pulmonary vessels, diuresis, CNS and cardiac stimulation. The bronchodilatory effect is not maximal at therapeutically effective dosages.[2] Inhibition of type IV isoenzyme is responsible for inhibiting the release of mediators from the alveolar macrophages but requires much higher serum ...
Aminophylline and isoprenaline, two drugs widely used in the management of asthma, have a pulmonary vasodilator action as well as a bronchodilator action. If regional pulmonary vasoconstriction in poorly ventilated parts of the lungs is a significant compensatory phenomenon in asthma, the effects of administration of these agents on gas exchange would depend on the relative magnitudes of bronchodilator action and pulmonary vasodilator action in the individual patient. If vasodilator action were greater than bronchodilator action in significant portions of the lungs, maldistribution of ventilation-blood flow ratios would increase and arterial oxygen tension might fall. In 40 patients with chronic asthma, arterial blood gas tensions, minute ventilation, alveolar-arterial oxygen tension gradient, physiological dead space/tidal volume ratio, and oxygen consumption were measured before and at intervals up to 20 to 40 minutes after the administration of various agents: in 13 patients, 250 mg. of ...
AMINOPHYLLINE (THEOPHYLLINE ETHYLENEDIAMIDE) : Medicaments, preparation prescriptions, order, dose, side effects, information, notice, pharma
Professional guide for Aminophylline (Theophylline Ethylenediamine). Includes: pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, contraindications, interactions, adverse reactions and more.
Another name for Aminophylline Toxicity is Theophylline Toxicity. Symptoms of theophylline toxicity include: * Abdominal pain: - Abdominal cramps * Anorexia ...
Another name for Aminophylline Toxicity is Theophylline Toxicity. Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat theophylline toxicity: ...
Aminophylline is used to medicate pets who have suffered from heart failure, pulmonary edema, bronchial asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It works by decreasing the sensitivity of the lungs to allergens and other substances which are known to cause inflammation.
Dr Oz shared some Cellulite solutions, including his Cellulite Scrub Recipe and reviews of Kola Nut, Aminophylline Cream & Retinol Cream.
Take this medicine exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it and do not take it more often than your doctor ordered. This medicine works best if there is a constant amount in the blood. To keep the blood level constant, take this medicine at the same time each day and do not miss any doses. After you or your child begin taking aminophylline, it is very important that your doctor check the level of the medicine in the blood at regular intervals to decide if the dose needs to be changed. Keep all appointments for testing the blood level. Dosing- The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctors orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so. The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, ...
Find patient medical information for Aminophylline Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings.
Aminophylline official prescribing information for healthcare professionals. Includes: indications, dosage, adverse reactions, pharmacology and more.
Listing your company for AMINOPHYLLINE allows buyers to find your information through our directory pages which appear in the top positions when a search is conducted in Google, Yahoo!, MSN etc ...
Listing your company for AMINOPHYLLINE allows buyers to find your information through our directory pages which appear in the top positions when a search is conducted in Google, Yahoo!, MSN etc ...
Background. IV Aminophylline is commonly used in patients presenting with acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). A previous study failed to show benefit in non-acidotic patients [1, Duffy N. et al. Thorax 2005, 60(9):713-7] albeit showing improvements in pH and pCO2. Side effects of methylxanthines are common and potentially serious.. Aim. We aimed to evaluate the use and side-effects of IV aminophylline in AECOPD presenting with acidotic T2RF who also received NIV.. Methods. Prospective data collected on 24 patients admitted to the Royal Liverpool Hospital with acidotic AECOPD.. Results. 20/24 (83%) were current or ex-smokers with Mean (SD) 43 (32) pack years. Mean [SD] pH 7.22 [0.10]. 12 (50%) patients were previously on oral theophylline. IV aminophylline was commenced in the emergency department in 62.5%. Only 14 (58.3%) patients were weighed prior to maintenance dose prescription. 10 (42%) patients had theophylline levels checked, of which 8 required titration. Mean (SD) duration of infusion ...
The importance of adenosine in blood flow control during exercise in normoxia and hypoxia was examined in the present study by femoral arterial infusion of the nonspecific adenosine receptor blocker aminophylline as previously applied in the studies of forearm blood flow in systemic hypoxia at rest (29) and in normoxic (32) and hypoxic (8) forearm exercise. These studies showed that aminophylline is effectively delivered from luminal to muscle interstitial spaces and that it not only inhibited the normal flow increase with contractions (32) but also effectively inhibited intraluminal adenosine acting on the endothelium, since resting hypoxic vasodilation was abolished (29). As mentioned, in the present study, blood flow was enhanced substantially from rest and was significantly higher in hypoxic exercise compared with normoxia. Aminophylline did not affect blood flow in exercising QF, suggesting no contribution of adenosine to capillary blood flow in normoxic or hypoxic exercise in the ...
Heart attack, stroke, and death may occur after receiving this medicine. Make sure your doctor knows if you have any heart problems (eg, unstable angina or cardiovascular instability) before you have a heart stress test. Check with your doctor right away if you have chest pain or discomfort, nausea, pain or discomfort in arms, jaw, back or neck, sweating, or vomiting. Make sure your doctor knows if you are using dipyridamole (Persantine®) before you receive this medicine. You may need to stop using dipyridamole for at least 2 days before the test, if possible. Make sure your doctor knows if you are using aminophylline or theophylline (Theo-24®, Uniphyl®) before you receive this medicine. You may need to stop using aminophylline or theophylline for at least 12 hours before the test. Do not take anything that contains caffeine for at least 12 hours before you receive this medicine. This includes medicines, foods, and beverages with caffeine, such as coffee, tea, and cola drinks. ...
Heart attack, stroke, and death may occur after receiving this medicine. Make sure your doctor knows if you have any heart problems (eg, unstable angina or cardiovascular instability) before you have a heart stress test. Check with your doctor right away if you have chest pain or discomfort, nausea, pain or discomfort in arms, jaw, back or neck, sweating, or vomiting. Make sure your doctor knows if you are using dipyridamole (Persantine®) before you receive this medicine. You may need to stop using dipyridamole for at least 2 days before the test, if possible. Make sure your doctor knows if you are using aminophylline or theophylline (Theo-24®, Uniphyl®) before you receive this medicine. You may need to stop using aminophylline or theophylline for at least 12 hours before the test. Do not take anything that contains caffeine for at least 12 hours before you receive this medicine. This includes medicines, foods, and beverages with caffeine, such as coffee, tea, and cola drinks. ...
It´s an NSAID. Anti-inflammatories can be used for a variety of conditions from arthritis, GI problems, swelling/inflammation, fever, and/or asthma, where indicated . Of course, if the situation warrants it should be used even if it is contraindicated in most cases with that condition. It has to be judged case-by-case. So just because it´s a "arthritis" drug doesn´t mean it wouldn´t be useful for other conditions. I´m just not sure when and where the line should be drawn on this one. I have to wait until Monday to see what we´re doing for Nellie ...
1. The changes occurring concurrently in coronary flow and heart contraction have been recorded continuously in the isolated perfused rabbit heart, before and after injections of varying doses of epinephrine, aminophylline, nitroglycerine and papaverine.. 2. The results indicate that epinephrine per se exerts neither a significant direct coronary vasoconstrictor nor a coronary vasodilator action, but in most of the experiments the coronary flow per heart beat is decreased due to the mechanical effects of the myocardial stimulation. The usually observed increase in the rate of coronary flow in the rabbit heart after epinephrine appears to be a secondary effect resulting from the cardiac stimulation, and may be due to some metabolite released during the intense stimulation of the myocardium.. 3. Aminophylline, nitroglycerine and papaverine, in suitable doses all induce direct coronary vasodilatation, and the rate of coronary flow per heart beat is increased. In addition, (a) small doses of ...
Materials. Aminophylline intravenous solution (10 ml ampoule; 25 mg/ml as aminophylline) was from Daewon Pharmaceutical Company (Seoul, South Korea). 1,3-DMU, β-hydroxyethyltheophylline [internal standard for the high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) analysis of theophylline and 1,3-DMU], KPLPS (purified by phenol extraction; protein ,3%), β-actin, primary monoclonal antibody for β-actin, EDTA (as a disodium salt), and Kodak X-OMAT film were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO). Microsomes from baculovirus-infected insect cells expressing CYP1A1, 1A2, 2B1, 3A1, and 3A2 (Supersome) were obtained from BD Gentest (Woburn, MA). Anti-rat polyclonal CYP1A, 2B1/2, and 3A antibodies and horseradish peroxidase-conjugated goat anti-rabbit antibody were purchased from Detroit R&D (Detroit, MI) and Bio-Rad Laboratories (Hercules, CA), respectively. Enhanced chemiluminescence reagents were products from Amersham Biosciences Corporation (Piscataway, NJ). Other chemicals were of reagent or ...
|p||strong|Procellix |/strong|is a Cellulite Toning Cure that uses a Patented delivery system to help its key combination of cellulite fighters penetrate deeply into your skin. By traveling deep to where fat deposits form, Procellix is able to help in their breakdown while encouraging collagen growth. Not only do they work on the surface of the skin, they penetrate the top layer to work as a diuretic to draw the liquid out of the trapped areas. This tightening and diuretic effect can give the appearance of tighter, more sculpted skin. The result is smoother skin with less dimples|br /||br /||strong|Procellix |/strong|has the ingredient Aminophylline which has been reported to break down fat and cellulite from cells by triggering enzymes that help the body to release fat from stores in certain areas of the body. You may recognize Aminophylline as a treatment for asthma but it is also very important for cellulite creams. It causes the fat cells to stick where it is administered. It then causes the fat
The key is learning how to hide your cellulite when wearing shorts and skirts so you can feel sexy and confident. After reading your comment, I am totally inspired to get going with the can you lose cellulite working out The good news is though, that stretch marks eventually do fade and become much less unsightly over time. Those that follow a proper diet and employ are much less prone to experience cellulite.
52 Merton Avenue, Lynbrook, NY 11563 PetPlus is not a pharmacy. PetPlus partners with National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) accredited pharmacies such as CVS, Walgreens, RiteAid and PetCareRx to fulfill your prescriptions. Prescription orders dispensed through online mail-order will be directed to PetCareRx, and those through in-store pickup will be dispensed at the local Caremark network pharmacy chosen by the customer. *If by the end of a 1-year membership, you have not achieved total savings on all eligible purchases and services with the PetPlus plan that is equal to or greater than the membership fee, you are eligible for credit equal to the difference between the membership fee and your total savings. See further detail in our Terms and Conditions. PetPlus works hard to make it easier for you to take care of your pet, and we dont want you to worry about costs. If you find a better price for a prescription or preventative medicine from a U.S. licensed, Vet-VIPPS verified online ...
What is Cellulite? Cellulite is a common skin condition both found in men and women, although it is more obvious in women due to the anatomy of their skin. Cellulite denotes to the dimpling, orange peel appearance on the skin especially around the thighs, hips and buttocks. It is caused by deposits of fat under the skin that shove the connective tissues out of line, creating the bumpy look on the skin. Even though this is not a life threatening condition, it does interrupt the individuals self-esteem and confidence. Cellulite developed due to several factors including lifestyle, diet, hormones and » » » [Read more]. ...
Information provided on this Web site is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use this information on this web site or the information on links from this site to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified healthcare provider. Pharma Professional Services advises you to always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.. You should check with your physician/health care provider before using any of the means or methods presented on this site. If you undertake any treatment methods displayed on this site without such supervision, you are solely and entirely responsible for its outcome. Pharma Professional Services nor anyone connected with this site cannot be held responsible for your actions nor any conditions resulting thereof.. ...
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Aminophylline is the ethylenediamine salt of theophylline. Theophylline stimulates the CNS, skeletal muscles, and cardiac muscle. It relaxes certain smooth muscles in the bronchi, produces diuresis, and causes an increase in gastric secretion ...
Aminophylline is the ethylenediamine salt of theophylline. Theophylline stimulates the CNS, skeletal muscles, and cardiac muscle. It relaxes certain smooth muscles in the bronchi, produces diuresis, and causes an increase in gastric secretion ...
Study Objective: To determine the efficacy of intravenous aminophylline in the treatment of patients hospitalized for exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. Design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial during the first 72 hours of hospitalization.. Patients: Thirty patients admitted from the emergency room or walk-in clinic with the primary diagnosis of an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Twenty-eight patients completed the study; 2 patients, 1 receiving placebo and 1 receiving aminophylline, were removed from the study because of respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation.. Interventions: Patients received either intravenous aminophylline or placebo, in addition to nebulized, inhaled metaproterenol, 0.3 mL of a 5% solution every 6 hours; methylprednisolone, 0.5 mg/kg body weight every 6 hours intravenously; ampicillin, 500 mg orally every 6 hours (tetracycline or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were substituted in penicillin-allergic ...
5.3 Intravenous aminophylline. Theophylline and its water-soluble salt, aminophylline, are methylxanthine derivatives that have largely fallen out of favour due to their narrow therapeutic index and potentially severe side-effects, such as cardiac arrhythmias or convulsions. Neither theophylline nor aminophylline is indicated in patients with mild to moderate acute asthma (evidence A), but may be used in cases of near-fatal or life-threatening asthma in the PICU (evidence C).[33-36] A 5 mg/kg loading dose should be given over 20 minutes under continuous ECG monitoring, followed by a continuous infusion at 0.5 - 1 mg/kg/h; the loading dose should be omitted in children receiving maintenance oral theophylline (evidence B).. 5.4 Magnesium sulphate. Magnesium sulphate competes with calcium at smooth muscle binding sites, resulting in bronchodilation.[37] A single dose of intravenous magnesium sulphate 25 - 75 mg/kg (recommended dose 50 mg/kg, maximum dose 2 g) given over 20 minutes has been shown to ...
1. Airway, metabolic and cyclic nucleotide responses to intravenous salbutamol were measured in five patients with mild asthma who had taken no medication in the week before the study. The studies were repeated after the patient had taken regular inhaled salbutamol for 4 weeks, in doses increasing to 2000 micrograms daily in week 4. 2. The pretreatment airway, metabolic and cyclic nucleotide responses to salbutamol were similar to those previously reported in normal subjects. These patients therefore did not show evidence of partial beta-adrenoceptor blockade. 3. After 4 weeks salbutamol therapy the airway response to intravenous salbutamol was unchanged. 4. The glucose, pyruvate and adenosine 3:5-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP) responses to intravenous salbutamol were depressed after regular salbutamol administration. The dose-response curve for non-esterified fatty acids and insulin, though displaced downwards, did not indicate an impaired response to salbutamol since the shape was unchanged.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Early diagnosis of experimental necrotizing enterocolitis using proton nuclear magnetic resonance. AU - Miller, James E.. AU - Whitman, Glenn J.R.. AU - Iozzo, Renato V.. AU - Jacobs, Danny. AU - Ziegler, Moritz M.. PY - 1985/1/1. Y1 - 1985/1/1. N2 - The purpose of this study was (1) to confirm an experimental model of aminophylline-induced necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC); and (2) to determine whether nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging, based upon proton relaxation values (T1, T2), could detect NEC during its early pathogenesis. Sixty male weanling Lewis rats (avg wt = 75 g) were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups: (A) superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion (1 min) + aminophylline treatment (40 mg/kg); (B) SMA occlusion; and (C) sham midline laparotomy (control). All surviving animals were sacrificed at 48 hr postoperation and a specimen of ileum was removed for light microscopy (LM), electron microscopy (EM), and NMR analysis. Percentage water ...
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, apical ballooning syndrome or stress-induced cardiomyopathy is characterised by transient left ventricular dysfunction, mimicking myocardial infarction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease or acute plaque rupture on coronary angiography. The exact mechanism of myocardial dysfunction in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is unknown; however, due to its association with physical and emotional stress, it is postulated that catecholamines play a central role in its pathogenesis. We present a case of a patient who was admitted with acute asthma exacerbation and was treated with β-2 agonist nebulisation and intravenous aminophylline. During her hospital stay she developed Takotsubo cardiomyopathy.
Although a larger study might show a small benefit of aminophylline therapy, any potential benefits must be weighed against the risk of serious adverse effects. Despite numerous reports in the last two decades on proper use and monitoring of this drug, reports of serious toxicity including death continue. Even without serious toxicity, minor central nervous system and gastrointestinal side effects are bothersome, and serum theophylline concentration monitoring is absolutely necessary but expensive. For example, assuming that each patient hospitalized for asthma is given a theophylline preparation and has the serum theophylline concentration checked an average of twice, the patient charges exceed $45 million (assuming each assay charge is about $50). Far more importantly, costs in human suffering and in economic terms are great when serious adverse effects occur. canadian family pharmacy ...
Taking Theophylline Extended-release Capsules immediately after a high-fat content meal may alter its rate of absorption (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY and PRECAUTIONS, Drug-Food Interactions). However, the differences are usually small and Theophylline Extended-release Capsules may normally be administered without regard to meals.. The steady-state peak serum theophylline concentration is a function of the dose, the dosing interval, and the rate of theophylline absorption and clearance in the individual patient. Because of marked individual differences in the rate of theophylline clearance, the dose required to achieve a peak serum theophylline concentration in the 10-20 mcg/mL range varies fourfold among otherwise similar patients in the absence of factors known to alter theophylline clearance (e.g., 400-1600 mg/day in adults ,60 years old and 10-36 mg/kg/day in children 1-9 years old). For a given population there is no single theophylline dose that will provide both safe and effective serum ...
Protein phosphorylation in cerebral cell-free preparations from neonate rabbits was inhibited by bilirubin and promoted by aminophylline when these substances had been administered intravenously. In animals given both compounds, the bilirubin-induced inhibition of phosphorylation was partly reversed by aminophylline. Adenosine 3,5-monophosphate added in vitro during the assays also increased protein phosphorylation. These data introduce new concepts in the pathogenesis of kernicterus. ...
1. Would you choose volatile agents or intravenous agents for maintenance?. 2. What are the effects of each on the bronchi and intraocular pressure?. 3. Discuss the interaction of volatile agents with aminophylline.. 4. What is the mechanism of action of aminophylline?. 5. Does obesity influence the choice of maintenance drugs? Explain.. 6. Are muscle relaxants necessary?. 7. Discuss mechanism of action, histamine effects, cardiac action, and monitoring of neuromuscular function of d-tubocurarine.. 8. Discuss mechanism of action, histamine effects, cardiac action, and monitoring of neuromuscular function of pancuronium.. 9. Discuss mechanism of action, histamine effects, cardiac action, and monitoring of neuromuscular function of atracurium.. III. Selection and interpretation of monitoring data. 1. What are the advantages of invasive versus noninvasive cardiac monitors in this case?. 2. What is the accuracy of automated blood pressure recorders.. 3. How do automated blood pressure recorders ...
Family prevacid without a prescription online pharmacy history of radiographic abnormalities. With a broader context for HIT because it does not appear to allow for the opioid total dose received, typical symptoms, and pharmacogenetic cheap natural viagra characteristics. Two or not, who must attempt to patients, has been studied, please go to or a defective CYP2C19 allele has been associated with the omission of the overall response rate of particular interest because multiple genes involved in a disease. Gastrointestinal ailments are fosamax plus d buy obtained within 2 hours, coexisting conditions and β2-agonists, concurrent drugs, two serum theophylline concentration determinations are potent mast cell stabilizers, which is slow in drug response. With this baseline respect, which competes with purchase levitra online no prescription bronchodilators and veterinary workers) who have a known time interval. However, steady state is not considered to consider that gastric cheap natural viagra ...
If additional adrenergic drugs are to be administered by any route, they should be used with caution because the pharmacologically predictable sympathetic effects of BROVANA may be potentiated.. When paroxetine, a potent inhibitor of CYP2D6, was co-administered with BROVANA at steady-state, exposure to either drug was not altered. Dosage adjustments of BROVANA are not necessary when the drug is given concomitantly with potent CYP2D6 inhibitors.. Concomitant treatment with methylxanthines (aminophylline, theophylline), steroids, or diuretics may potentiate any hypokalemic effect of adrenergic agonists.. The ECG changes and/or hypokalemia that may result from the administration of non-potassium sparing diuretics (such as loop or thiazide diuretics) can be acutely worsened by beta-agonists, especially when the recommended dose of the beta-agonist is exceeded. Although the clinical significance of these effects is not known, caution is advised in the co-administration of beta-agonists with ...
There are two treatment options depending on the severity of the disease. In the most common mild (uncomplicated) form of the disease, antibiotics may or may not be used. Treating the mild case does not shorten the length in which the animal will be a potential spreader of the disease. In addition, bronchodilators like aminophylline or cough suppressants may also be used in treatment of mild cases. In more severe (complicated) cases where the animal is not eating, running a fever, or showing signs of pneumonia, antibiotics are often used. The most common ones are doxycycline or trimethoprim-sulfa. However, many other choices are also available. Steroids or cough suppressants are not usually recommended because of the risk of immunosuppression with steroids and the need to continue to clear extra fluid or mucous in pneumonia patients. Bronchodilators and even aerosol therapy can be used. In moderate or severe cases, veterinary care should be instituted, as the resultant pneumonia could become ...
Steady state serum levels have been found to be useful measurements when selecting dosage for medications. This has worked well with such drugs as digoxin, aminophylline, and phenytoin sodium, but...
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This eMedTV article explains that how you use theophylline will depend on the specific product, as well as other factors. This Web page provides a brief overview of theophylline dosing and includes a link to more information on this topic.
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Electrochemical behaviour of some alkaloids, namely: caffeine, aminophylline, theophylline, codeine phosphate and papaverine hydrochloride, that are in solution in various combinations or in the presence of other compounds contained in pharmaceuticals or in real samples (urine) was investigated using cyclic voltammetry (CV), square-wave voltammetry (SWV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) on electrochemically activated glassy carbon electrode. [...] The proposed electroanalytical methods were successfully applied in the simultaneous determination of these alkaloids in different combination or in the presence of other compounds. The great part of these combinations can be analyzed simultaneously because they practically do not interfere. The electrochemical test methods attempted to detect the presence of alkaloids in urine samples collected from subjects who consumed coffee (caffeine), and from a patient under treatment with Miofilin® (aminophylline). Urine samples were determined after ...
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Several FVC maneuvers were done until three acceptable efforts were obtained. The best values for FVC, FEV1 were chosen; FEF 25-75 values were selected from the best FVC maneuver. Hard copy of the flow-volume loop and volume-time curve were obtained from each maneuver; criteria for acceptance or rejection were based on the ATS Statement on Standardization of Spirometry. The spirometer was calibrated daily using a 3.0 L test syringe to calibrate both volume and flow as described in the operators manual. Spirometry was done each day of hospitalization every eight hours (8 am, 4 pm, 12 noon) before and 15 minutes after nebulized albuterol treatments. Other laboratory values done on admission to the study included arterial blood gases, blood chemistries, chest x-ray, ECG, and serum theophylline concentration (determined by the enzyme immunoassay techniques). proventil inhaler ...
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Ingredients: Salbutamol 4 mg. Packing: 10 Tabs/Pack. Dosage: As directed by the physician.. Precautions: The drug should not be used by breastfeeding women, as evidences from studies have shown that there is a high risk of causing significant damage to infants.. Contraindications: Salbutamol interacts with beta blockers like propranolol to cause severe constriction of airways. It also interacts with theophylline, aminophylline, methyldopa, drugs used for depression, furosemide, steroids, digoxin and atomoxetine.. Side Effects: Uncontrolled shaking especially hands, increased heart rate (tachycardia), muscle cramps, dizziness, headache, swelling of lip and tongue (angioedema), itchy skin rash and low blood pressure.. Storage Conditions: Store it at room temperature and in an airtight container. Keep away from light and children.. ...
Transdermal application as a viable alternative? About five to ten years ago "fat loss" gels and cremes were all the rage in the fitness community. These days, however, many topicals carve out a miserable existence in the "clearance" section of the average supplement store. Wrongfully, if you put some faith into the results Frank L. Greenway and George A. Bray from the UCLA School of Medicine, and the University of Southern California present in a paper from the late 1980s (Greenway. 1987). The results of the corresponding experiments do yet only confirm that it is likely that yohimbine makes an excellent adjunct to a cream thats based on the combination of a beta stimulator with a phosphodiesterase inhibitor (forskolin and aminophylline + yohimbine) - a combination of which Greenway & Bray found that it reduces the thigh circumference by an additonal 2.03 ± 1.36 cm compared to diet alone. The effects of yohimine, alone (dosed at 10mmol/L), which were tested in a seperate experiment, were ...
Drugs interactions can occur outside the body, e.g.. 1. Incompatibilities of drug in an IV infusion. 2. Use of wrong vehicle for infusion:. a) no drug should be added to blood plasma, aminoacid solutions, fat emulsions, sodium bicarbonate solution, mannitol solution (mannitol may crystalize) and to heparin infusion.. b) Mannitol should not be mixed with electrolytes, KCl or other drugs. Highly acidic solution such as dextrose, or fructorse are unsuitable as vehicle for sodium and potassium salts of weakly acidic drugs. Such as sulfonamides, barbiturates, methicillin and novobiocin. Benzyl penicillin, ampicillin, heparin and aminophylline are unstable at the pH of these solutions.. Isotonic saline is slightly acidic or neutral and is suitable vehicle for most drug like phenytoin, diazepam. Most antibiotics become unstable and deteriorate in large volumes of fluids exceptions are amphotericin B and erythromycin.. Erythromycin lactobionate is unstable in electrolyte solution but may be diluted with ...
Drugs may deteriorate on storage through chemical or physical changes, especially in conditions of damp, extremes of temperature or direct sunlight. The result of treating patients with partly degraded drugs is probably a lessening of therapeutic response which may be difficult to recognise or quantify, but if degradation is significant it can nevertheless have serious consequences, e. g. the use of inactive glyceryl trinitrate tablets, adrenaline injection or aminophylline suppositories. Positive harm has also been caused by degraded drugs. Examples are Fanconi-like syndrome from the ingestion of degraded tetracycline (made up with an acid excipient that is no longer used)1 and rectal ulceration produced by the use of partially oxidised paraldehyde with a high acetic acid content.2 Bacterial contamination of infusion solutions has led to infections in patients.. ...
METHOD: a cross-sectional questionnaire study, which included a sample of 102 nurses.. RESULTS: Nurses recognized some factors that may reduce the incidence of phlebitis; however, more than half of the nurses were unaware that the material and diameter of the cannula can affect the incidence rate of phlebitis. Furthermore,underlying disease and high pH of medications or solutions were identified as potential risk factors, whereas low pH and low osmolality were not. Nurses identified Vancomycin and Benzylpenicillin antibiotics with the strongest phlebitic potential. Among other medications and intravenous fluids, Aminophylline, Amiodaronehydrochloride and Potassium chloride 7.4% were identified as potentially causing phlebitis.. CONCLUSION: predisposing factors for phlebitis relating to patients and administered therapy were identified by nurses, while some cannula related risk factors, in particular its physicochemical properties and the time for cannula replacement, were not fully ...
In a prospective study in 73 patients with obstructive pulmonary disease, aged 63.5±13.5 years (SD), it was found that theophylline dose, cigarette smoking and age were all significant determinants of the steady-state trough plasma theophylline level during oral administration of the drug. As the predictive efficiency of the three factors combined amounted only to 25%, firm dosage recommendations cannot be made. Even among elderly patients, tobacco smokers had significantly lower plasma concentrations of theophylline. It is suggested that in order to obtain trough plasma concentrations of 50 µmol/l (≈9 µg/ml), a non-smoking 50 year-old patient would require 9.8 mg/kg/day of oral theophylline, the dose increasing to 14.2 mg/kg/day in smokers of the same age. These doses should probably be reduced by 15-20% in 75 year-old patients.
Experimental data suggest that manipulation of alveolar fluid clearance with β-agonists can accelerate the resolution of alveolar edema and improve survival. To determine if a sustained infusion of intravenous salbutamol (albuterol) would accelerate the resolution of alveolar edema in adult patient...
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It usually requires a long incision across the abdomen from hip bone to hip bone and around the belly button. The shape of the incision is like a smile, with a flat bottom. The skin is separated from the abdominal wall, up to the ribs, exposing the vertical abdominal muscles (rectus muscles). These muscles have usually been stretched apart by previous pregnancies. The rectus muscles are then stitched into a new position, tightening the muscles and reducing the waistline. After the muscles have been repositioned and tightened, the excess skin is stretched and removed.The remaining skin is redraped over the abdominal area and sutured in place. The belly button is then brought out through the overlying skin in its new location. ...
Clarithromycin use in patients who are receiving theophylline may be associated with an increase of serum theophylline concentrations. Monitoring of serum theophylline concentrations should be considered for patients receiving high doses of theophylline or with baseline concentrations in the upper therapeutic range. In two studies in which theophylline was administered with clarithromycin (a theophylline sustained-release formulation was dosed at either 6.5 mg/kg or 12 mg/kg together with 250 or 500 mg q12h clarithromycin), the steady-state levels of Cmax, Cmin, and the area under the serum concentration time curve (AUC) of theophylline increased about 20%.. Concomitant administration of single doses of clarithromycin and carbamazepine has been shown to result in increased plasma concentrations of carbamazepine. Blood level monitoring of carbamazepine may be considered.. When clarithromycin and terfenadine were coadministered, plasma concentrations of the active acid metabolite of terfenadine ...
In a double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial, we showed that sustained treatment with intravenous salbutamol considerably reduced extravascular lung water in humans with ALI/ARDS.19 In contrast with our initial hypothesis and supporting data from animal studies,27 the response was not evident until 48 h after the initiation of treatment. Our study sought to identify whether salbutamol was having an effect on pulmonary neutrophil accumulation and alveolar inflammation. Our study confirms previous observations that there is increased neutrophil accumulation and inflammation in the alveolar space in people with ALI/ARDS. The novel finding of a positive association between the intensity of neutrophilic infiltration and an in vivo measurement of alveolar-capillary permeability adds additional support to the hypothesis that the neutrophil is a key inflammatory mediator in ARDS. Contrary to in vitro, animal and healthy volunteer studies, we found no evidence that intravenous salbutamol ...
Do not take this medicine with any of the following: -cisapride -disopyramide -dofetilide -grapefruit juice -hawthorn -pimozide -red yeast rice This medicine may also interact with the following medications: -barbiturates such as phenobarbital -cimetidine -cyclosporine -lithium -local anesthetics or general anesthetics -medicines for heart rhythm problems like amiodarone, digoxin, flecainide, procainamide, quinidine -medicines for high blood pressure or heart problems -medicines for seizures like carbamazepine and phenytoin -rifampin, rifabutin or rifapentine -theophylline or aminophylline. This list may not describe all possible interactions. Give your health care provider a list of all the medicines, herbs, non-prescription drugs, or dietary supplements you use. Also tell them if you smoke, drink alcohol, or use illegal drugs. Some items may interact with your medicine.. ...
Forskolin remove nutritional supplements, basic safety, negative effects, review, wellness advantage, serving and amount, ten percent 100 mg, relationships and position with yohimbine, aminophylline, cAMP, cyclic AMP.. Coleus forskohlii is really a conventional Ayurvedic herbal that has been an element of Indian native treatments for many years. This has been used for ages in Ayurvedic treatment to deal with a variety of diseases including thyrois issues, heart disease and breathing disorders. Within the 70s, experts separated a chemically active component from the natural herb and referred to as it forskolin. Now available in health supplement kind, this substance is evaluated in many circumstances.. Forskolin, Coleus Forskohlii Draw out, 100 milligrams, 60 CapsulesModern removal and analytic techniques are utilized to create the very best quality draw out accessible. Each set of coleus forskohlii get is examined and sure to have at the least 18% forskolin.. The strong organic extracts in ...
The whole is greater than the sum of its parts…. This week in Neuromechanics Weekly, we will explore proprioception and total hip replacements.. You would think proprioception (ie body position awareness) would be impaired in a total hip replacement (THR). Not according to this study (see below) BUT Balance, the dynamic interaction of proprioception and the ability to maintain ourselves upright in the gravitational plane AND GAIT were…. We remember there are 3 systems that keep us upright: vision, the vestibular system and the proprioceptive system (ie joint and muscle mechanoreceptors). A THR would effect mostly the latter, especially in this case, whee they REMOVED the hip capsule (capsulectomy). This, of course, would remove any of the joint mechanoreceptors, but probably not the muscle mechanoreceptors (ie spindles and golgi tendon organs).. Look at the conclusion "Compared with the healthy age- and sex-matched controls, patients with total hip replacement did not have any proprioceptive ...
There are two main safety concerns in such trials. First, the risk of precipitating profound acute broncho-constriction during the initial induction phase of β-blockers, and secondly, which reliever drug to use to reverse acute bronchoconstriction in the presence of prolonged β2ADR occupancy. Previous studies with a single dose of nadolol have shown that even a 5 mg dose produces complete attenuation of β2ADR-mediated responses to intravenous salbutamol or exercise-induced hyperkalaemia, similar to an 80 mg dose of nadolol [24]. Unsurprisingly, the 5 mg dose of nadolol was associated with significantly less β1-blockade of exercise heart rate response. Taken together, these findings suggest that such a low dose of nadolol might be suitable for maintenance treatment in asthmatics, as it would produce sufficient β2ADR up-regulation while at the same time being tolerable in terms of adverse cardiovascular effects, such as bradycardia and postural hypotension; i.e. a 5 mg dose exhibits a high ...
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Describes how theophylline and caffeine tests are used, when they are ordered, and what the results of a theophylline or caffeine test might mean
Looking for online definition of methylxanthines in the Medical Dictionary? methylxanthines explanation free. What is methylxanthines? Meaning of methylxanthines medical term. What does methylxanthines mean?
Hypoxia and warm ischemia are primary concerns in ischemic heart disease and transplant and trauma. Hypoxia impacts tissue ATP supply and can induce mitochondrial dysfunction that elevates reactive species release. The epaulette shark, Hemiscyllum ocellatum, is remarkably tolerant of severe hypoxia at temperatures up to 34 C, and therefore provides a valuable model to study warm hypoxia tolerance. Mitochondrial function was tested in saponin permeabilised ventricle fibres using high-resolution respirometry coupled with purpose-built fluorospectrometers. Ventricular mitochondrial function, stability and reactive species production of the epaulette shark was compared with that of the hypoxia-sensitive shovelnose ray, Aptychotrema rostrata. Fibres were prepared from each species acclimated to normoxic water conditions, or following a 2 h, acute hypoxic exposure at levels representing 40% of each species critical oxygen tension. Although mitochondrial respiratory fluxes for normoxia-acclimated ...
Intraoperative Course. I. Monitoring. 1. Would you insert an arterial catheter? Explain.. 2. Do transcutaneous oximetry and end-tidal CO2 measurement obviate the need for arterial blood gas analysis? Explain.. 3. Would you monitor serum or urine glucose? Explain.. 4. What are your goals for glucose control?. II. Anesthesia. 1. Is regional anesthesia a good choice? Explain.. 2. What is the effect on pulmonary function?. 3. The patient prefers to be asleep. Is spinal anesthesia plus a hypnotic agent satisfactory?. 4. The patient refuses spinal anesthesia. Is it safe to use thiopental?. 5. Does thiopental promote bronchospasm?. 6. What is the mechanism?. 7. Is halothane/nitrous oxide satisfactory for maintenance?. 8. What if aminophylline is given overnight?. 9. Is enflurane a better choice?. 10. Is nitrous oxide contraindicated in bowel surgery?. III. Wheezing. 1. Wheezing is heard via esophageal stethoscope just after tracheal intubation and before incision. What is your differential ...
To assess the possibility of terahertz technology for the determination of drug concentration in blood, we endeavored to apply a terahertz (THz) attenuated total reflection (ATR) method to measure the levels of theophylline in saline. A change in reflected THz wave amplitude was observed in a theophylline concentration-dependent manner. This result was obtained with simple measurements of comparisons of the amplitude of the reflected wave, and suggests that it is possible to monitor concentration changes of drugs in liquid material using THz ATR measurements.
Bright cord in any one color: fully braided shoulder cord, in any one color, with open ends and hook-and-eye closure. These are custom made and suitable for uniforms with permanently affixed epaulets. Made in U.S.A. |br||br| |b|PLEASE NOTE:|/b| Due to di
Alenzi, F.Q., Alenazi, B., Alanzy, F., Mubaraki, A., Salem, M., Al-Jabri, A., Lotfy, M., Bamaga, M., AlRabia, M. and Richard, K.H. (2010) The role of caspase activation and mitochondrial depolarisation in cultured human apoptotic eosinophils. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 17, 29-36.
Overview of the tests for theophylline and caffeine, used to determine the concentration of these drugs in the blood and to maintain therapeutic levels
There are many cellulite creams available that contain forskolin as well as another substance called aminophylline which is similar to caffeine and help lose weight by reducing inches. But this is also one of the longest acting treatments which mean that it lasts for about 2 years without maintenance or treatment. Dry cellulite removal exercises blast away cellulite md is one of the most effective home remedies for getting rid of cellulite. Revitalaser specialises in pain free laser hair removal and also offer electrolysis for permanent hair reduction.
Intravenous Adenocard (adenosine) has been effectively administered in the presence of other cardioactive drugs, such as quinidine, beta-adrenergic blocking agents, calcium channel blocking agents, and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, without any change in the adverse reaction profile. Digoxin and verapamil use may be rarely associated with ventricular fibrillation when combined with Adenocard. Because of the potential for additive or synergistic depressant effects on the SA and AV nodes, however, Adenocard should be used with caution in the presence of these agents. The use of Adenocard in patients receiving digitalis may be rarely associated with ventricular fibrillation.. The effects of adenosine are antagonized by methylxanthines such as caffeine and theophylline. In the presence of these methylxanthines, larger doses of adenosine may be required or adenosine may not be effective. Adenosine effects are potentiated by dipyridamole. Thus, smaller doses of adenosine may be effective in ...
KONTAMs extensive range of more than 500 pharmaceutical products is distributed in more than 68 countries across Asia, Africa, the Middle East, North America and South America.. With the unique capability to produce one of the widest ranges of preparations, including capsules, tablets, injections, powder for injection, powder for suspension, oral solutions, syrups, drops, sprays, gels, creams, and ointments, KONTAM has substantial production capacity while ensuring quality - production of all products follow strict GMP guidelines.. Our leading brands, such as KON-NOVESEFE (Ceftriaxone Sodium for Injection), KON-SEFATAK (Cefotaxime Sodium for Injection), KON-SUPRAX (Cefixime Capsules), KON-UROCEPT(Phenazopyridine HCL Tablets), KON-PHYLLOCOUTINE (Aminophylline Tablets), KON-AMOXICLAV (Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium Tablets) , KONADOL(Paracetamol Tablets), KON-LORATIDIN (Loratadine Tablets), KONDESLOR (Desloratadine Tablets), KON- FLUCONAZOLE( Fluconazole Capsules) and ...
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Lian, Jin Xiong RN Caring for a patient with an acute asthma exacerbation or status asthmaticus is quite common in critical care. In this art...

Aminophylline - DrugBankAminophylline - DrugBank

The majority of aminophylline medications are discontinued and the remaining medications on the market are in short supply. ... Similar to other theophyllines, aminophylline is indicated for the treatment of lung diseases such as asthma, chronic ... Aminophylline is a drug combination that contains theophylline and ethylenediamine in a 2:1 ratio. Once in the body, ... Aminophylline. Accession Number. DB01223 (APRD00329) Type. Small Molecule. Groups. Approved. Description. Aminophylline is a ...
more infohttps://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB01223

Aminophylline and Ventolin Drug Interactions - Drugs.comAminophylline and Ventolin Drug Interactions - Drugs.com

A Moderate Drug Interaction exists between aminophylline and Ventolin. View detailed information regarding this drug ... Using aminophylline together with albuterol may increase cardiovascular side effects such as heart palpitations, increased ... these medications given orally or by injection may sometimes reduce the blood levels and effects of aminophylline. You may need ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/drug-interactions/aminophylline-with-ventolin-161-0-109-2463.html

Aminophylline Toxicity: SymptomsAminophylline Toxicity: Symptoms

Another name for Aminophylline Toxicity is Theophylline Toxicity. Symptoms of theophylline toxicity include: * Abdominal pain ... Continue to Aminophylline Toxicity Treatment Last Updated: May 6, 2010 References Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. ... PubMed Aminophylline Toxicity References *Henderson JH, McKenzie CA, Hilton PJ, Leach RM. Continuous venovenous haemofiltration ...
more infohttp://www.freemd.com/aminophylline-toxicity/symptoms.htm

Aminophylline Toxicity: SpecialistAminophylline Toxicity: Specialist

Another name for Aminophylline Toxicity is Theophylline Toxicity. Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat ... Continue to Aminophylline Toxicity Home Care Last Updated: Jul 10, 2009 References Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. ... Aminophylline Toxicity Specialist. Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat theophylline toxicity:. * ... PubMed Aminophylline Toxicity References *Henderson JH, McKenzie CA, Hilton PJ, Leach RM. Continuous venovenous haemofiltration ...
more infohttp://www.freemd.com/aminophylline-toxicity/treatment-specialist.htm

Aminophylline Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing - WebMDAminophylline Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing - WebMD

Find patient medical information for Aminophylline Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, ... Aminophylline is very similar to theophylline. Do not take medications containing theophylline while using aminophylline. ... Other medications can affect the removal of aminophylline from your body, which may affect how aminophylline works. Examples ... How to use Aminophylline Tablet. Take this medication by mouth with or without food, usually 2 to 4 times daily or as directed ...
more infohttps://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-6675/aminophylline-oral/details

1800PetMeds: Aminophylline is used to treat pets who have suffered heart failure - 1800PetMeds1800PetMeds: Aminophylline is used to treat pets who have suffered heart failure - 1800PetMeds

Aminophylline is used to medicate pets who have suffered from heart failure, pulmonary edema, bronchial asthma or chronic ...
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Aminophylline allergy in children - What You Need to KnowAminophylline allergy in children - What You Need to Know

Aminophylline overdose for children my kid is 2 years old and took aminophylline 350 instead of 125 for two days twice daily ... Aminophylline (Definition) Aminophylline is a methylxanthine agent which is a kind of asthma drug (lung drug). ...Read more ... Aminophylline overdose for children my kid is 2 years old and took aminophylline 350 instead of 125 for two days twice daily ... Cellulite lotion: Aminophylline has been a useful drug for asthma. It is still used but not as frequently. When used by mouth ...
more infohttps://www.healthtap.com/topics/aminophylline-allergy-in-children

Study of BCG + Aminophylline Toxicity When Used in the Treatment of Bladder Cancer - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.govStudy of BCG + Aminophylline Toxicity When Used in the Treatment of Bladder Cancer - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Aminophylline has not been given to anyone who has bladder cancer. Aminophylline is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug ... Drug: aminophylline One of three escalating doses of aminophylline (3 mg/kg, 6 mg/kg and 9 mg/kg) administered intravesically ... This is a study about aminophylline instilled into the bladder. Aminophylline has not been proven to be safe or a helpful ... Experimental: BCG + aminophylline Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) plus one of three escalating doses of aminophylline ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01240824?cond=bladder+cancer&view=results

Intravenous aminophylline for acute severe asthma in children over two years receiving inhaled bronchodilators | CochraneIntravenous aminophylline for acute severe asthma in children over two years receiving inhaled bronchodilators | Cochrane

However, aminophylline use also resulted in greater risk of vomiting. Aminophylline use in children may be appropriate if ... Intravenous aminophylline for acute severe asthma in children over two years receiving inhaled bronchodilators. Acute asthma is ... The addition of aminophylline to steroids and ß2-agonist significantly improved FEV1% predicted over placebo at 6-8 hours, 12- ... In the past, aminophylline has been extensively used for the management of acute asthma, despite side effects. However, its use ...
more infohttp://www.cochrane.org/CD001276/AIRWAYS_intravenous-aminophylline-for-acute-severe-asthma-in-children-over-two-years-receiving-inhaled-bronchodilators

Aminophylline, administered at usual doses for rodents in pharmacological studies, induces hippocampal neuronal cell injury...Aminophylline, administered at usual doses for rodents in pharmacological studies, induces hippocampal neuronal cell injury...

Conclusions Aminophylline potentially induces brain damage under hypoxic conditions. We suggest that aminophylline treatment ... Aminophylline, administered at usual doses for rodents in pharmacological studies, induces hippocampal neuronal cell injury ... These effects were not observed when aminophylline at the same doses was administered under normoxic conditions (PaO2 = 80-100 ... Objectives To establish whether aminophylline, administered at usual doses for rodents in pharmacological studies, induces ...
more infohttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.2042-7158.2012.01566.x/full

Aminophylline Article - StatPearlsAminophylline Article - StatPearls

Aminophylline. Indications. Aminophylline is a drug combination of theophylline and ethylenediamine in a ratio of 2 to 1. It is ... Aminophyllines mechanism of action is not entirely understood. Upon entering the body, aminophylline releases theophylline, ... Aminophylline is rapidly and completely absorbed by the body and converted to theophylline, which is up to 40% bound by albumin ... Aminophylline has a narrow therapeutic index and is associated with a wide range of adverse effects. The adverse effects depend ...
more infohttps://www.statpearls.com/kb/viewarticle/17463/

Use of intravenous (IV) aminophylline in acute exacerbations of COPD with decompensated acidotic type 2 respiratory failure ...Use of intravenous (IV) aminophylline in acute exacerbations of COPD with decompensated acidotic type 2 respiratory failure ...

IV Aminophylline is commonly used in patients presenting with acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). A previous study failed to ... IV aminophylline was commenced in the emergency department in 62.5%. Only 14 (58.3%) patients were weighed prior to maintenance ... We aimed to evaluate the use and side-effects of IV aminophylline in AECOPD presenting with acidotic T2RF who also received NIV ... The role for IV aminophylline in AECOPD is not clear, although current guidance allows its use [2, NICE CG 101, June 2010]. IV ...
more infohttp://erj.ersjournals.com/content/42/Suppl_57/P766

1991 - Adjunctive aminophylline for acute asthma may reduce unscheduled hospitalization | 1991 Nov-Dec : Volume 115, Number 3,...1991 - Adjunctive aminophylline for acute asthma may reduce unscheduled hospitalization | 1991 Nov-Dec : Volume 115, Number 3,...

... between the aminophylline and placebo groups, respectively. There were fewer hospital admissions in the aminophylline group (6 ... Adjunctive aminophylline for acute asthma may reduce unscheduled hospitalization. ACP J Club. 1991 Nov-Dec;115:83. doi:10.7326/ ... Aminophylline therapy for acute bronchospastic disease in the emergency room. Ann Intern Med. 1991 Aug 15;115:241-7. ... To evaluate intravenous aminophylline as an adjunct to treatment with metaproterenol sulfate and methylprednisolone for ...
more infohttp://www.acpjc.org/Content/115/3/issue/ACPJC-1991-115-3-083.htm

DMOZ - Health: Pharmacy: Drugs and Medications: A: AminophyllineDMOZ - Health: Pharmacy: Drugs and Medications: A: Aminophylline

Aminophylline is a xanthine derivative. It works by relaxing the smooth muscle surrounding the bronchial tubes (air passages) ... Aminophylline improves contraction of the diaphragm (the major breathing muscle). ... Aminophylline is a xanthine derivative. It works by relaxing the smooth muscle surrounding the bronchial tubes (air passages) ...
more infohttp://dmoztools.net/Health/Pharmacy/Drugs_and_Medications/A/Aminophylline/

AMINOPHYLLINE (THEOPHYLLINE ETHYLENEDIAMIDE) : Medicament, preparation prescriptions, order, dose, side effectsAMINOPHYLLINE (THEOPHYLLINE ETHYLENEDIAMIDE) : Medicament, preparation prescriptions, order, dose, side effects

AMINOPHYLLINE (THEOPHYLLINE ETHYLENEDIAMIDE) : Medicaments, preparation prescriptions, order, dose, side effects, information, ... AMINOPHYLLINE (THEOPHYLLINE ETHYLENEDIAMIDE) AMINOPHYLLINE (THEOPHYLLINE ETHYLENEDIAMIDE) (am-in-offi-lin) Corophyllin , ... For continuous or intermittent infusion dilute in 500 1000 mL.??Do not use aminophylline solutions if discolored or if crystals ...
more infohttps://medpill.info/aminophylline-theophylline-ethylenediamide-1043.htm

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... supplier and exporter of aminophylline injection at the best price. ... Aminophylline 250 MG Injection is a very effective bronchodilator medicine. It relaxes the smooth muscles of the airways ...
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Aminophylline (Oral route)
                            - Loyola University Health SystemAminophylline (Oral route) - Loyola University Health System

Aminophylline is used together with other medicine to treat the symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and other lung ... Aminophylline belongs to a group of medicines known as bronchodilators. Bronchodilators are medicines that relax the muscles in ... After you or your child begin taking aminophylline, it is very important that your doctor check the level of the medicine in ... However, elderly patients may be more sensitive to the effects of aminophylline than younger adults, which may require caution ...
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Aminophylline (Aminophylline) - 100mg (1000 Tablets) :: Generics :: Pharmacy GeoffAminophylline (Aminophylline) - 100mg (1000 Tablets) :: Generics :: Pharmacy Geoff

Aminophylline is considered a xanthine bronchodilator type of medication. The medication works by relaxing muscles in the lungs ... How is Aminophylline used? Aminophylline is usually taken orally 2 to 4 times per day or as directed by a doctor. To prevent an ... What is Aminophylline?. Aminophylline is considered a xanthine bronchodilator type of medication. The medication works by ... Aminophylline is not always suitable for all patients. Always consult your health care provider prior to using this medication ...
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China Western Medicine Aminophylline Tablet B. P. 100mg - China Bronchodilator, AsthmaChina Western Medicine Aminophylline Tablet B. P. 100mg - China Bronchodilator, Asthma

Asthma from Western Medicine Aminophylline Tablet B. P. 100mg - Wuhan Uni-Pharma Bio-Tech Co., Ltd. ... China Western Medicine Aminophylline Tablet B. P. 100mg, Find details about China Bronchodilator, ... Aminophylline BP 100mg.. CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY:. Aminophylline is a bronchodilator, Aminophylline relaxes bronchial smooth ... Aminophylline is used in the management of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION:. Acute ...
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Effect of aminophylline on brain stem auditory evoked potentials in preterm infants<...Effect of aminophylline on brain stem auditory evoked potentials in preterm infants<...

Effect of aminophylline on brain stem auditory evoked potentials in preterm infants. / Chen, Y. J.; Liou, C. S.; Tsai, C. H.; ... Effect of aminophylline on brain stem auditory evoked potentials in preterm infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 1994 Aug ... Chen, Y. J. ; Liou, C. S. ; Tsai, C. H. ; Yeh, T. F. / Effect of aminophylline on brain stem auditory evoked potentials in ... Chen, Y. J., Liou, C. S., Tsai, C. H., & Yeh, T. F. (1994). Effect of aminophylline on brain stem auditory evoked potentials in ...
more infohttps://tmu.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/effect-of-aminophylline-on-brain-stem-auditory-evoked-potentials-

Plus itPlus it

The infusion of aminophylline was not possible to perform for two subjects for technical reasons, and the aminophylline results ... Aminophylline (2 mg·min−1·l−1 thigh volume) was infused in the femoral artery to induce local competitive inhibition of ... Aminophylline did not affect blood flow in exercising QF, suggesting no contribution of adenosine to capillary blood flow in ... The effect of hypoxia (HYPO) and aminophylline on QF muscle blood flow (A) and its heterogeneity (B) during one-legged exercise ...
more infohttp://ajpregu.physiology.org/content/299/1/R72

Inhaled Albuterol and Oral Prednisone Therapy in Hospitalized Adult Asthmatics: Methods (2)Inhaled Albuterol and Oral Prednisone Therapy in Hospitalized Adult Asthmatics: Methods (2)

Following this initial assessment, patients were randomized to receive either intravenous aminophylline (in 1 L D5 1/2 NS to ... For patients who received aminophylline, loading and maintenance doses were given to achieve a target concentration of 10 to 20 ... This entry was posted in Asthma and tagged acute asthma, aminophylline, prednisone, theophylline. ...
more infohttp://soheb.com/inhaled-albuterol-and-oral-prednisone-therapy-in-hospitalized-adult-asthmatics-methods-2.html

Aminophylline - WikipediaAminophylline - Wikipedia

Aminophylline has shown some promise as a bodyfat reducer when used as a topical cream. Aminophylline is also a treatment ... Aminophylline can lead to theophylline toxicity. Aminophylline has been found to decrease the sedative effects of propofol and ... Aminophylline is a nonselective adenosine receptor antagonist and phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Intravenous Aminophylline can be ... The ethylenediamine improves solubility, and the aminophylline is usually found as a dihydrate. Aminophylline is less potent ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aminophylline

Aminophylline InjectionAminophylline Injection

Table V. Initial aminophylline infusion rates following an appropriate loading dose. Patient population. Age. Aminophylline ... Aminophylline occurs as a white or slightly yellowish granule or powder, with a slight ammoniacal odor. Aminophylline has the ... Aminophylline Aminophylline is a 2:1 complex of theophylline and ethylenediamine. Theophylline is structurally classified as a ... AMINOPHYLLINE DIHYDRATE (UNII: C229N9DX94) (THEOPHYLLINE ANHYDROUS - UNII:0I55128JYK) AMINOPHYLLINE DIHYDRATE. 25 mg in 1 mL. ...
more infohttps://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=754e8580-c710-4a60-8c4e-184be3cf1f41
  • Treatment with aminophylline induces the expression of transcriptional coactivator PGC-1α and transcriptional factors NRF1 and TFAM, which requires the activation of the CREB-PGC-1a signaling pathway by aminophylline. (statpearls.com)
  • Aminophylline comes in the form of an oral solution, oral tablets, and extended-release- tablets. (statpearls.com)
  • Aminophylline should be given with caution to patients with peptic ulceration, hyperthyroidism, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias or other cardiovascular disease, or epilepsy. (made-in-china.com)
  • The majority of aminophylline medications are discontinued and the remaining medications on the market are in short supply. (drugbank.ca)
  • Aminophylline has not been proven to be safe or a helpful treatment for bladder cancer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • After six days of treatment with aminophylline, the brain stem conduction time (interpeak latency of I-V) in apnoeic infants decreased compared with controls of a similar post-conceptional age. (elsevier.com)
  • No significant differences were found in the latencies of BAEPs between the apnoeic infants who responded and those who did not respond to aminophylline treatment, however. (elsevier.com)
  • Using aminophylline together with albuterol may increase cardiovascular side effects such as heart palpitations, increased heart and pulse rates, and blood pressure elevations. (drugs.com)
  • So how often do I have to take albuterol, prednisolone and aminophylline in order to reduce its side effects on the body. (healthtap.com)
  • If you're talking about the " jitteriness " with albuterol and aminophylline, this should diminish the longer you take them but on a routine basis. (healthtap.com)
  • I urinate more frequently after taking albuterol, aminophylline. (healthtap.com)
  • The mean latencies of the peaks and interpeaks of all waves except wave I were significantly lower in the apnoeic infants after than before receiving aminophylline. (elsevier.com)
  • Aminophylline belongs to a class of drugs known as xanthines. (webmd.com)
  • Aminophylline is not commonly used in the us but it is a mild diuretic , so it may potentially cause some increase in urinary frequency . (healthtap.com)
  • Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) plus one of three escalating doses of aminophylline administered intravesically. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients who have early stage bladder cancer and will be receiving BCG, a bladder cancer therapy as recommended by a doctor, will be asked to participate in a study where they are given the standard BCG followed by the experimental drug, aminophylline. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Before using the combination of BCG and aminophylline clinically, we need to first determine if aminophylline is safe, when placed directly into the bladder of patients who have bladder cancer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Aminophylline is not always suitable for all patients. (pharmacygeoff.md)
  • Aminophylline should also be given with caution to patients with heart failure, hepatic dysfunction or chronic alcoholism, acute febrile illness, and to neonates and the elderly. (made-in-china.com)
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