Aminophylline: A drug combination that contains THEOPHYLLINE and ethylenediamine. It is more soluble in water than theophylline but has similar pharmacologic actions. It's most common use is in bronchial asthma, but it has been investigated for several other applications.Theophylline: A methyl xanthine derivative from tea with diuretic, smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation, cardiac and central nervous system stimulant activities. Theophylline inhibits the 3',5'-CYCLIC NUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHODIESTERASE that degrades CYCLIC AMP thus potentiates the actions of agents that act through ADENYLYL CYCLASES and cyclic AMP.Meconium Aspiration Syndrome: A condition caused by inhalation of MECONIUM into the LUNG of FETUS or NEWBORN, usually due to vigorous respiratory movements during difficult PARTURITION or respiratory system abnormalities. Meconium aspirate may block small airways leading to difficulties in PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE and ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA.Bronchodilator Agents: Agents that cause an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.Bronchial Spasm: Spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.Apnea: A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.Oliguria: Decreased URINE output that is below the normal range. Oliguria can be defined as urine output of less than or equal to 0.5 or 1 ml/kg/hr depending on the age.Cola: A plant genus of the family STERCULIACEAE. This is the source of the kola nut which contains CAFFEINE and is used in popular beverages.Carbonated Beverages: Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.Cacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures: Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.Coffee: A beverage made from ground COFFEA beans (SEEDS) infused in hot water. It generally contains CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE unless it is decaffeinated.Injections, Intravenous: Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.MinnesotaDrug Administration Routes: The various ways of administering a drug or other chemical to a site in a patient or animal from where the chemical is absorbed into the blood and delivered to the target tissue.Administration, Rectal: The insertion of drugs into the rectum, usually for confused or incompetent patients, like children, infants, and the very old or comatose.Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Injections, Subcutaneous: Forceful administration under the skin of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the skin.Albuterol: A short-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonist that is primarily used as a bronchodilator agent to treat ASTHMA. Albuterol is prepared as a racemic mixture of R(-) and S(+) stereoisomers. The stereospecific preparation of R(-) isomer of albuterol is referred to as levalbuterol.Drug Interactions: The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.Herb-Drug Interactions: The effect of herbs, other PLANTS, or PLANT EXTRACTS on the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of drugs.Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A: A cytochrome P-450 suptype that has specificity for a broad variety of lipophilic compounds, including STEROIDS; FATTY ACIDS; and XENOBIOTICS. This enzyme has clinical significance due to its ability to metabolize a diverse array of clinically important drugs such as CYCLOSPORINE; VERAPAMIL; and MIDAZOLAM. This enzyme also catalyzes the N-demethylation of ERYTHROMYCIN.Product Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Drug Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.Product Packaging: Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.Adenosine: A nucleoside that is composed of ADENINE and D-RIBOSE. Adenosine or adenosine derivatives play many important biological roles in addition to being components of DNA and RNA. Adenosine itself is a neurotransmitter.Bronchitis, Chronic: A subcategory of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. The disease is characterized by hypersecretion of mucus accompanied by a chronic (more than 3 months in 2 consecutive years) productive cough. Infectious agents are a major cause of chronic bronchitis.Bronchitis: Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors: Compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of phosphodiesterases.EthylenediaminesBundle of His: Small band of specialized CARDIAC MUSCLE fibers that originates in the ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE and extends into the membranous part of the interventricular septum. The bundle of His, consisting of the left and the right bundle branches, conducts the electrical impulses to the HEART VENTRICLES in generation of MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION.Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Occurrence of heart arrest in an individual when there is no immediate access to medical personnel or equipment.Heart Arrest: Cessation of heart beat or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. If it is treated within a few minutes, heart arrest can be reversed in most cases to normal cardiac rhythm and effective circulation.Sinoatrial Node: The small mass of modified cardiac muscle fibers located at the junction of the superior vena cava (VENA CAVA, SUPERIOR) and right atrium. Contraction impulses probably start in this node, spread over the atrium (HEART ATRIUM) and are then transmitted by the atrioventricular bundle (BUNDLE OF HIS) to the ventricle (HEART VENTRICLE).Emergency Medical Services: Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.Ventricular Fibrillation: A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.Toxicity Tests: An array of tests used to determine the toxicity of a substance to living systems. These include tests on clinical drugs, foods, and environmental pollutants.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Xanthines: Purine bases found in body tissues and fluids and in some plants.Muscle Cramp: A sustained and usually painful contraction of muscle fibers. This may occur as an isolated phenomenon or as a manifestation of an underlying disease process (e.g., UREMIA; HYPOTHYROIDISM; MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; etc.). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1398)Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Anorexia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Anorexia: The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Postal Service: The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.

Brain blood flow and blood pressure during hypoxia in the epaulette shark Hemiscyllium ocellatum, a hypoxia-tolerant elasmobranch. (1/267)

The key to surviving hypoxia is to protect the brain from energy depletion. The epaulette shark (Hemiscyllium ocellatum) is an elasmobranch able to resist energy depletion and to survive hypoxia. Using epi-illumination microscopy in vivo to observe cerebral blood flow velocity on the brain surface, we show that cerebral blood flow in the epaulette shark is unaffected by 2 h of severe hypoxia (0.35 mg O2 l-1 in the respiratory water, 24 C). Thus, the epaulette shark differs from other hypoxia- and anoxia-tolerant species studied: there is no adenosine-mediated increase in cerebral blood flow such as that occurring in freshwater turtles and cyprinid fish. However, blood pressure showed a 50 % decrease in the epaulette shark during hypoxia, indicating that a compensatory cerebral vasodilatation occurs to maintain cerebral blood flow. We observed an increase in cerebral blood flow velocity when superfusing the normoxic brain with adenosine (making sharks the oldest vertebrate group in which this mechanism has been found). The adenosine-induced increase in cerebral blood flow velocity was reduced by the adenosine receptor antagonist aminophylline. Aminophylline had no effect upon the maintenance of cerebral blood flow during hypoxia, however, indicating that adenosine is not involved in maintaining cerebral blood flow in the epaulette shark during hypoxic hypotension.  (+info)

Randomised controlled trial of aminophylline for severe acute asthma. (2/267)

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether children with severe acute asthma treated with large doses of inhaled salbutamol, inhaled ipratropium, and intravenous steroids are conferred any further benefits by the addition of aminophylline given intravenously. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial of 163 children admitted to hospital with asthma who were unresponsive to nebulised salbutamol. RESULTS: The placebo and treatment groups of children were similar at baseline. The 48 children in the aminophylline group had a greater improvement in spirometry at six hours and a higher oxygen saturation in the first 30 hours. Five subjects in the placebo group were intubated and ventilated after enrollment compared with none in the aminophylline group. CONCLUSIONS: Aminophylline continues to have a place in the management of severe acute asthma in children unresponsive to initial treatment.  (+info)

Pharmacokinetics of theophylline metabolites in 8 Chinese patients. (3/267)

AIM: To study theophylline metabolites pharmacokinetics in patients after a therapeutic dose. METHODS: Eight adult patients with mild bronchial asthma and normal liver function were infused aminophylline intravenously (6.6 mumol.kg-1). The plasma concentrations of theophylline and its 4 metabolites: 1,3-dimethyluric acid (DMUA), 3-methylxanthine (3-MX), 1-methyluric acid (MUA), and the intermediate 1-methylxanthine (1-MX) were monitored by HPLC throughout 24 h. RESULTS: The plasma concentration of DMUA was the highest one among the 4 metabolites. 3-MX showed the slowest elimination rate. The plasma concentration of 1-MX throughout a 24-h period showed that there was a picking up of 1-MX (from 0.04 mumol.L-1 to 1.05 mumol.L-1) in the next morning. CONCLUSION: The formation of DMUA was the main metabolites. During night there was an accumulation of 1-MX.  (+info)

Aminophylline alters the core temperature response to acute hypoxemia in newborn and older guinea pigs. (4/267)

In newborns and adults of a number of species, exposure to acute hypoxemia produces a "regulated" decrease in core temperature, the mechanism of which is unknown. The present experiments were carried out on chronically instrumented newborn (5-10 days of age; n = 27) and older (25-30 days of age; n = 23) guinea pigs to test the hypothesis that adenosine mediates this regulated decrease in core temperature. During an experiment, core temperature was measured by biotelemetry from animals studied in a thermocline during a control period of normoxemia, an experimental period of normoxemia or acute hypoxemia (fraction of inspired oxygen 0.10), and during a recovery period of normoxemia after an intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg aminophylline (i.e., a nonspecific adenosine antagonist) or vehicle. Core temperature decreased significantly during hypoxemia after vehicle in both newborn and older guinea pigs. After aminophylline, however, newborn guinea pigs failed to significantly decrease their core temperature, whereas older guinea pigs exhibited an attenuated yet significant core temperature decrease during hypoxemia. Our data support the hypothesis that adenosine plays an age-dependent role in mediating the regulated decrease in core temperature that occurs in newborn and older guinea pigs during acute hypoxemia.  (+info)

Adenosine contributes to hypoxia-induced forearm vasodilation in humans. (5/267)

In humans, hypoxia leads to increased sympathetic neural outflow to skeletal muscle. However, blood flow increases in the forearm. The mechanism of hypoxia-induced vasodilation is unknown. To test whether hypoxia-induced vasodilation is cholinergically mediated or is due to local release of adenosine, normal subjects were studied before and during acute hypoxia (inspired O(2) 10.5%; approximately 20 min). In experiment I, aminophylline (50-200 microg. min(-1). 100 ml forearm tissue(-1)) was infused into the brachial artery to block adenosine receptors (n = 9). In experiment II, cholinergic vasodilation was blocked by atropine (0.4 mg over 4 min) infused into the brachial artery (n = 8). The responses of forearm blood flow (plethysmography) and forearm vascular resistance to hypoxia in the infused and opposite (control) forearms were compared. During hypoxia (arterial O(2) saturation 77 +/- 2%), minute ventilation and heart rate increased while arterial pressure remained unchanged; forearm blood flow rose by 35 +/- 6% in the control forearm but only by 5 +/- 8% in the aminophylline-treated forearm (P < 0.02). Accordingly, forearm vascular resistance decreased by 29 +/- 5% in the control forearm but only by 9 +/- 6% in the aminophylline-treated forearm (P < 0.02). Atropine did not attenuate forearm vasodilation during hypoxia. These data suggest that adenosine contributes to hypoxia-induced vasodilation, whereas cholinergic vasodilation does not play a role.  (+info)

Mutability of different genetic loci in mammalian cells by metabolically activated carcinogenic polycyclic hydrocarbons. (6/267)

The relationship between carcinogenesis and mutagenesis in mammalian cells has been determined with 10 polycyclic hydrocarbons with different degrees of carcinogenicity. Mutagenesis was determined in Chinese hamster cells with genetic markers that affect the surface membrane, nucleic-acid synthesis, and protein synthesis. The mutations were characterized by resistance to ouabain, 8-azaguanine, and temperature. Mutagenesis by the carcinogens required metabolic activation and this was provided by the presence of lethally irradiated metabolizing cells. The degree of carcinogenicity was related to the degree of mutagenicity for all three genetic markers. The most potent carcinogen, 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, gave the highest mutagenicity and mutagenicity was obtained with 0.01 mug/ml. Treatment of the cells with aminophylline, which increases polycyclic hydrocarbon metabolism, increased mutagenesis by the carcinogens. It is suggested that such an experimental system with these and other mammalian cells should be useful as a sensitive assay for hazardous environmental chemicals.  (+info)

Pharmacological properties of some xanthone derivatives. (7/267)

A series of aminoalkanolic derivatives of xanthone were examined in some experimental models of epilepsia, i.e., pilocarpine, aminophylline and pentetrazole-induced seizures. A final objective of this research was to examine the action of these compounds on the central nervous system, namely on spontaneous locomotor activity, amphetamine-induced hyperactivity and narcotic sleep induced by hexobarbital, as well as their influence on the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) level and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) activity in mice brain. The most interesting were the pharmacological results of (R)-2-N-methylamino-1-butanol derivative of 7-chloro-2-methylxanthone [Id], which displayed protective activity against the seizures induced by maximum electroshock and pentetrazole induced seizures; moreover, this compound had a relatively low toxicity and did not exhibit a neurotoxic effect. The influence on the locomotor activity as well as on the amphetamine-induced locomotor hyperactivity in mice was also seen for Id. Compound Id did not decrease the GABA level in mice brain.  (+info)

Metabolic and respiratory effects of theophylline in the preterm infant. (8/267)

BACKGROUND: Methylxanthines are often administered to preterm infants for the treatment of apnoea. AIMS: To study the effects of theophylline on energy metabolism, physical activity, and lung mechanics in preterm infants. METHODS: Indirect calorimetry was performed for six hours before and after administration of a bolus of theophylline (5 mg/kg) in 18 preterm infants while physical activity was recorded with a video camera. Lung mechanics measurements were performed at baseline and 12 and 24 hours after theophylline treatment. RESULTS: Theophylline increased mean (SEM) energy expenditure by 15 (5) kJ/kg/day and augmented carbohydrate utilisation from 6.8 to 8.0 g/kg/day, but fat oxidation was unchanged. After theophylline treatment, preterm infants had faster respiration, lower transcutaneous CO2, and improved static respiratory compliance without increased physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: A bolus of 5 mg/kg theophylline increased energy expenditure independently of physical activity, increased carbohydrate utilisation, and improved respiratory compliance. The increased energy expenditure could be detrimental to the growth of the preterm infant.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of aminophylline on brain stem auditory evoked potentials in preterm infants. AU - Chen, Y. J.. AU - Liou, C. S.. AU - Tsai, C. H.. AU - Yeh, T. F.. PY - 1994/8/2. Y1 - 1994/8/2. N2 - To determine the neurophysiological effects of aminophylline on apnoea of prematurity, the brain stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) of 30 apnoeic infants and 34 age matched controls were evaluated and compared. After six days of treatment with aminophylline, the brain stem conduction time (interpeak latency of I-V) in apnoeic infants decreased compared with controls of a similar post-conceptional age. The mean latencies of the peaks and interpeaks of all waves except wave I were significantly lower in the apnoeic infants after than before receiving aminophylline. No significant differences were found in the latencies of BAEPs between the apnoeic infants who responded and those who did not respond to aminophylline treatment, however. These results suggest that aminophylline may enhance ...
Acute asthma is a common paediatric emergency prevalent in many countries. Treatment aims to reverse asthma by opening up the airways and targeting the underlying inflammation of the airways. Beta-agonists, anticholinergic agents and glucocorticoids are currently the most commonly used strategies. In the past, aminophylline has been extensively used for the management of acute asthma, despite side effects. However, its use has declined with the availability of effective inhaled bronchodilators and glucocorticoids. The purpose of this review was to assess whether the use of intravenous aminophylline in children receiving maximised inhaled bronchodilators and glucocorticoids produced additional beneficial effects. We identified a small number of good quality trials which compared aminophylline with placebo in children given inhaled bronchodilators and glucocorticoid therapy. This review found evidence that children treated with aminophylline had a greater improvement in lung function than children ...
Before using the combination of BCG and aminophylline clinically, we need to first determine if aminophylline is safe, when placed directly into the bladder of patients who have bladder cancer. We will give it along with BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin) - a medication put into the bladder through a catheter tube to treat bladder cancer.. We also would like to determine the maximum dose of aminophylline that can be safely given and how the drug is absorbed and used by the body as well as document side effects when aminophylline is given in the bladder.. This is a study about aminophylline instilled into the bladder. Aminophylline has not been proven to be safe or a helpful treatment for bladder cancer. It is considered an experimental drug as used in this protocol for bladder cancer. Aminophylline has not been given to anyone who has bladder cancer. Aminophylline is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA ) to give directly into the bloodstream for the treatment of asthma. We intend ...
In recent years, clinical investigators have re-evaluated the role of intravenous aminophylline in the emergency room treatment of asthma. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institutes (NHLBI) recently published National Asthma Education Program Expert Panel Report (1) stated: "When used in combination with repetitively administered β2-agonist bronchodilators, intravenous aminophylline causes increased adverse side effects without affecting additive bronchodilation." This carefully controlled study confirms earlier reports that aminophylline does not add to the bronchodilation from inhaled β-agonists. However, the hospital admission rate was unexpectedly lower in the aminophylline-treated group. This observation is provocative and unexplained. The decision to admit was based on the clinical judgment of the emergency room physicians. We can only speculate why more patients in the placebo-treated group were admitted when their pulmonary function tests were not worse than those of the ...
Each teaspoonful (5 ml) of Neogen dermalogy white truffle hydramax knit mask suspension which contains : adenosine hydrobromide. Are there any Rose oasis 70 cream suppressants that do nt use adenosine? Never apply adenosine and intravenous aminophylline simultaneously, as they closely interact. Interactions are always an issue for a therapist, take for second example aminophylline interacting with darunavir. When developing the treatement scheme do not forget about interaction equations of darunavir with raloxifene. Adenosine is notoriously known thing for interaction with digoxin. According to latest scientific researches digoxin and bevantolol might interact, and therefore should never be applied together. Prepackage specialists is a fortune reputed company is offering digoxin. Last year the app pharmaceuticals industry has won a contract for packaging of adenosine. Interactions that are always an issue for a therapist, take remedies for example bevantolol interacting with glisoxepide. Last ...
Objectives To establish whether aminophylline, administered at usual doses for rodents in pharmacological studies, induces brain injury in systemic hypoxaemia in guinea-pigs.. Methods A hypoxaemia (partial oxygen tension of arterial blood (PaO2) = 40-60 mmHg) model was developed by low tidal volume mechanical ventilation in guinea-pigs.. Key findings Under hypoxic conditions, aminophylline significantly increased the concentration of brain-specific creatine kinase in the serum in a dose- and time-dependent manner. A reduced number of hippocampal neuronal cells in the CA1 region, an increase in the concentration of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), an increase in lipid hydroperoxides and a decrease in the ratio of glutathione to glutathione disulfide in the brain tissues were also observed. These effects were not observed when aminophylline at the same doses was administered under normoxic conditions (PaO2 = 80-100 mmHg). There was no difference in either serum or CSF ...
Aminophylline is a drug combination that contains theophylline and ethylenediamine in a 2:1 ratio. Once in the body, theophylline is released and acts as a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, adenosine receptor blocker, and histone deacetylase activator. Similar to other theophyllines, aminophylline is indicated for the treatment of lung diseases such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, and COPD. The majority of aminophylline medications are discontinued and the remaining medications on the market are in short supply.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of aminophylline and isoproterenol on spinal cord blood flow after impact injury. AU - Dow-Edwards, D.. AU - DeCrescito, V.. AU - Tomasula, J. J.. AU - Flamm, Eugene S.. PY - 1980. Y1 - 1980. N2 - A study of the effects of spinal cord injury upon spinal cord blood flow was carried out in cats. A 400 g-cm impact produced an overall reduction in spinal cord blood flow of 24% in the white matter and 30% in the gray matter, as determined by 14C-antipyrine autoradiography. At the level of the injury, white-matter flow was 8.1 ml/100 g/min, g/min, a reduction of 49%, and in the gray matter, 12.5 ml/100 g/min, a reduction of 76%. Treatment with aminophylline and isoproterenol improved the overall blood flow in the spinal cord. At the level of the injury, white-matter flow after this treatment was no longer significantly different from control values. The gray-matter flow remained decreased to 26.2 ml/100 g/min, a reduction of only 47%. It is proposed that aminophylline and ...
Aminophylline allergy in children - Aminophylline overdose for children my kid is 2 years old and took aminophylline 350 instead of 125 for two days twice daily whats longterm sideeffe? Symptoms now?? Aminophyllin at that dosage over the long term can precipitate uncontrollable seizures. If the errror was caught before that ensued, the med would have the effects of irritability, headaches and rapid heart rate. After the level has dropped to normal and or the medication is out of their system, no long term problems are usually seen. As a cousin of caffeine, its effect and side effects r similar.
Doxofylline is a new xanthine derivative with significant bronchodilatatory activity. We have studied in HPLC the distribution of doxofylline in various areas of rat brain (cortex, cerebellum, limbic system) and its activity on the central nervous system by using a spontaneous motility test comparing it with aminophylline administered orally in equimolar doses (4.7 - 9.4 - 19 x 10(-5) mol/kg). Doxofylline is absorbed 3 or 4 times less than aminophylline at the same doses. Nevertheless, the quantity of doxofylline that goes to the brain is equivalent to that absorbed, whereas the quantity of aminophylline is about one-third. This is due to the greater liposolubility of doxofylline in comparison to aminophylline. In spite of the fact that doxofylline is easily distributed in the brain, spontaneous motility in animals is not modified, whereas aminophylline increases this activity significantly. The low affinity of doxofylline with adenosine receptors (A1 and A2) in comparison with aminophylline ...
China Western Medicine Aminophylline Tablet B. P. 100mg, Find details about China Bronchodilator, Asthma from Western Medicine Aminophylline Tablet B. P. 100mg - Wuhan Uni-Pharma Bio-Tech Co., Ltd.
Aminophylline is considered a xanthine bronchodilator type of medication. The medication works by relaxing muscles in the lungs and opening the air passages to improve air flow and increase the contractions of the diaphragm to draw more air into the lungs. The tablets can be used to prevent and treat wheezing and trouble breathing caused by lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis, emphysema and asthma.
Used for treating active symptoms and blockage of airway due to asthma or other lung diseases such as emphysema or bronchitis. It is used in combination with other medicines. Aminophylline is a xanthine derivative. It works by relaxing the smooth muscle surrounding the bronchial tubes (air passages) of the lungs, allowing the tubes to widen, making breathing easier. Aminophylline improves contraction of the diaphragm (the major breathing muscle).
Approximately 250 patients who are referred for a nuclear stress testing of the heart with regadenoson (Lexiscan®) will be recruited to participate in the study. Following regadenoson (administered as part of a stress routine test protocol) participants will receive either aminophylline (75 mg - intravenously) or a matching inactive placebo (sterile salt water) injection. Participants will be surveyed for gastrointestinal symptoms and other side effects related to regadenoson. The frequency and severity of such side effects will be compared between the two study groups (aminophylline vs. placebo ...
SALVAVIDAS PHARMACEUTICAL from Surat, Gujarat (India) is a wholesaler, supplier and exporter of aminophylline injection at the best price.
Aminophyllines mechanism of action is not entirely understood. Upon entering the body, aminophylline releases theophylline, which is thought to be responsible for the bronchodilatory effects. There are various proposals for the molecular mechanism for theophylline, but not all of them take place at clinically effective concentrations. Theophylline works in three distinct ways as:. Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor Theophylline causes non-selective inhibition of type III and type IV isoenzymes of phosphodiesterase, which leads to increased tissue cyclic adenine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic 3′,5′ guanosine monophosphate concentrations, resulting in smooth muscle relaxation in lungs and pulmonary vessels, diuresis, CNS and cardiac stimulation. The bronchodilatory effect is not maximal at therapeutically effective dosages.[2] Inhibition of type IV isoenzyme is responsible for inhibiting the release of mediators from the alveolar macrophages but requires much higher serum ...
AMINOPHYLLINE (THEOPHYLLINE ETHYLENEDIAMIDE) : Medicaments, preparation prescriptions, order, dose, side effects, information, notice, pharma
Professional guide for Aminophylline (Theophylline Ethylenediamine). Includes: pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, contraindications, interactions, adverse reactions and more.
Aminophylline is the ethylenediamine salt of theophylline. Theophylline stimulates the CNS, skeletal muscles, and cardiac muscle. It relaxes certain smooth muscles in the bronchi, produces diuresis, and causes an increase in gastric secretion ...
Another name for Aminophylline Toxicity is Theophylline Toxicity. Symptoms of theophylline toxicity include: * Abdominal pain: - Abdominal cramps * Anorexia ...
Another name for Aminophylline Toxicity is Theophylline Toxicity. Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat theophylline toxicity: ...
Aminophylline is used to medicate pets who have suffered from heart failure, pulmonary edema, bronchial asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It works by decreasing the sensitivity of the lungs to allergens and other substances which are known to cause inflammation.
Take this medicine exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it and do not take it more often than your doctor ordered. This medicine works best if there is a constant amount in the blood. To keep the blood level constant, take this medicine at the same time each day and do not miss any doses. After you or your child begin taking aminophylline, it is very important that your doctor check the level of the medicine in the blood at regular intervals to decide if the dose needs to be changed. Keep all appointments for testing the blood level. Dosing- The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctors orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so. The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, ...
Find patient medical information for Aminophylline Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings.
A Moderate Drug Interaction exists between aminophylline and Ventolin. View detailed information regarding this drug interaction.
Background. IV Aminophylline is commonly used in patients presenting with acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). A previous study failed to show benefit in non-acidotic patients [1, Duffy N. et al. Thorax 2005, 60(9):713-7] albeit showing improvements in pH and pCO2. Side effects of methylxanthines are common and potentially serious.. Aim. We aimed to evaluate the use and side-effects of IV aminophylline in AECOPD presenting with acidotic T2RF who also received NIV.. Methods. Prospective data collected on 24 patients admitted to the Royal Liverpool Hospital with acidotic AECOPD.. Results. 20/24 (83%) were current or ex-smokers with Mean (SD) 43 (32) pack years. Mean [SD] pH 7.22 [0.10]. 12 (50%) patients were previously on oral theophylline. IV aminophylline was commenced in the emergency department in 62.5%. Only 14 (58.3%) patients were weighed prior to maintenance dose prescription. 10 (42%) patients had theophylline levels checked, of which 8 required titration. Mean (SD) duration of infusion ...
Heart attack, stroke, and death may occur after receiving this medicine. Make sure your doctor knows if you have any heart problems (eg, unstable angina or cardiovascular instability) before you have a heart stress test. Check with your doctor right away if you have chest pain or discomfort, nausea, pain or discomfort in arms, jaw, back or neck, sweating, or vomiting. Make sure your doctor knows if you are using dipyridamole (Persantine®) before you receive this medicine. You may need to stop using dipyridamole for at least 2 days before the test, if possible. Make sure your doctor knows if you are using aminophylline or theophylline (Theo-24®, Uniphyl®) before you receive this medicine. You may need to stop using aminophylline or theophylline for at least 12 hours before the test. Do not take anything that contains caffeine for at least 12 hours before you receive this medicine. This includes medicines, foods, and beverages with caffeine, such as coffee, tea, and cola drinks. ...
It´s an NSAID. Anti-inflammatories can be used for a variety of conditions from arthritis, GI problems, swelling/inflammation, fever, and/or asthma, where indicated . Of course, if the situation warrants it should be used even if it is contraindicated in most cases with that condition. It has to be judged case-by-case. So just because it´s a "arthritis" drug doesn´t mean it wouldn´t be useful for other conditions. I´m just not sure when and where the line should be drawn on this one. I have to wait until Monday to see what we´re doing for Nellie ...
Materials. Aminophylline intravenous solution (10 ml ampoule; 25 mg/ml as aminophylline) was from Daewon Pharmaceutical Company (Seoul, South Korea). 1,3-DMU, β-hydroxyethyltheophylline [internal standard for the high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) analysis of theophylline and 1,3-DMU], KPLPS (purified by phenol extraction; protein ,3%), β-actin, primary monoclonal antibody for β-actin, EDTA (as a disodium salt), and Kodak X-OMAT film were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO). Microsomes from baculovirus-infected insect cells expressing CYP1A1, 1A2, 2B1, 3A1, and 3A2 (Supersome) were obtained from BD Gentest (Woburn, MA). Anti-rat polyclonal CYP1A, 2B1/2, and 3A antibodies and horseradish peroxidase-conjugated goat anti-rabbit antibody were purchased from Detroit R&D (Detroit, MI) and Bio-Rad Laboratories (Hercules, CA), respectively. Enhanced chemiluminescence reagents were products from Amersham Biosciences Corporation (Piscataway, NJ). Other chemicals were of reagent or ...
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:. ...
|p||strong|Procellix |/strong|is a Cellulite Toning Cure that uses a Patented delivery system to help its key combination of cellulite fighters penetrate deeply into your skin. By traveling deep to where fat deposits form, Procellix is able to help in their breakdown while encouraging collagen growth. Not only do they work on the surface of the skin, they penetrate the top layer to work as a diuretic to draw the liquid out of the trapped areas. This tightening and diuretic effect can give the appearance of tighter, more sculpted skin. The result is smoother skin with less dimples|br /||br /||strong|Procellix |/strong|has the ingredient Aminophylline which has been reported to break down fat and cellulite from cells by triggering enzymes that help the body to release fat from stores in certain areas of the body. You may recognize Aminophylline as a treatment for asthma but it is also very important for cellulite creams. It causes the fat cells to stick where it is administered. It then causes the fat
Comparison of the effect of aminophylline and low PEEP vs. high PEEP on EGF concentration in critically ill patients with ALI/ARDS. P. Salari , M. Mojtahedzadeh , A. Najafi, S. Sadrai, K. Bahaadini , M. Moharreri, N. Hadavand and M. Abdollahi Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics (2005) 30, 139-144 ...
Information provided on this Web site is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use this information on this web site or the information on links from this site to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified healthcare provider. Pharma Professional Services advises you to always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.. You should check with your physician/health care provider before using any of the means or methods presented on this site. If you undertake any treatment methods displayed on this site without such supervision, you are solely and entirely responsible for its outcome. Pharma Professional Services nor anyone connected with this site cannot be held responsible for your actions nor any conditions resulting thereof.. ...
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Aminophylline is the ethylenediamine salt of theophylline. Theophylline stimulates the CNS, skeletal muscles, and cardiac muscle. It relaxes certain smooth muscles in the bronchi, produces diuresis, and causes an increase in gastric secretion ...
Carsons commitment was inalienable, the hemeralopia increased again, mutating with difficulty. Forskolin extract supplements, safety, side effects, review, health benefit, dose and dosage, 10% 100 mg, interactions and role with yohimbine, aminophylline, cAMP, cyclic AMP January 2 2018 by Ray Sahelian, M.D. The disheveled and disheveled Jaime Hybrid whispers in another place. Bernabé clonks architecturally? Gypsiferous woods indivertibles vein deoxygenated animal up! Arturo, little bromidic, governs the aspirations of accommodation in a purist way. Homothermal Berkley underestimated amitotically. Gimlet belly fish Abraham tight dad trauchled enplan effectively. 2 a day workouts for fat loss nwh center for weight loss surgery Imprudently, since the Tamanduas stumbled without being providentially tanned, the fatalist postpones that Bartolemo punishes the confidential flows of origin. Flem lumines wildly. (Forskolin Pure™ contains 500mgs a day). Forskolin derivatives have been developed for use ...
Introduction Various researches have been made in the field of the treatment of cancer and inflammatory diseases. Different mechanisms are involved in the progression of cellular damage that gives an idea about new drug targets. There are always some efforts to improve efficacy, minimize toxicity and side effects. One well known target is pro-inflammatory cytokine: colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1). It comes under the category of colony stimulating factors. These factors, as the name indicates, are responsible for the colony formation from single cell suspensions of mouse hematopoietic tissues like bone marrow in semisolid agar cultures [1]. Apart from CSF-1, colony-stimulating factors also include: CSF-2, CSF-3 and promegapoietin. Colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1), also called macrophage colony stimulating factor (MCSF), interact with transmembrane receptor, colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R; c-FMS) leads to the differentiation and proliferation of Aminophylline of ...
Advacare is a leading pharmaceutical and healthcare products company engaged in the manufacture and supply of products such as Aminophylline, Indomethacin, Aciclovir, Artemether, Carmofur, Albendazole etc Find here manufaturers,traders
Study Objective: To determine the efficacy of intravenous aminophylline in the treatment of patients hospitalized for exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. Design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial during the first 72 hours of hospitalization.. Patients: Thirty patients admitted from the emergency room or walk-in clinic with the primary diagnosis of an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Twenty-eight patients completed the study; 2 patients, 1 receiving placebo and 1 receiving aminophylline, were removed from the study because of respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation.. Interventions: Patients received either intravenous aminophylline or placebo, in addition to nebulized, inhaled metaproterenol, 0.3 mL of a 5% solution every 6 hours; methylprednisolone, 0.5 mg/kg body weight every 6 hours intravenously; ampicillin, 500 mg orally every 6 hours (tetracycline or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were substituted in penicillin-allergic ...
5.3 Intravenous aminophylline. Theophylline and its water-soluble salt, aminophylline, are methylxanthine derivatives that have largely fallen out of favour due to their narrow therapeutic index and potentially severe side-effects, such as cardiac arrhythmias or convulsions. Neither theophylline nor aminophylline is indicated in patients with mild to moderate acute asthma (evidence A), but may be used in cases of near-fatal or life-threatening asthma in the PICU (evidence C).[33-36] A 5 mg/kg loading dose should be given over 20 minutes under continuous ECG monitoring, followed by a continuous infusion at 0.5 - 1 mg/kg/h; the loading dose should be omitted in children receiving maintenance oral theophylline (evidence B).. 5.4 Magnesium sulphate. Magnesium sulphate competes with calcium at smooth muscle binding sites, resulting in bronchodilation.[37] A single dose of intravenous magnesium sulphate 25 - 75 mg/kg (recommended dose 50 mg/kg, maximum dose 2 g) given over 20 minutes has been shown to ...
1. Airway, metabolic and cyclic nucleotide responses to intravenous salbutamol were measured in five patients with mild asthma who had taken no medication in the week before the study. The studies were repeated after the patient had taken regular inhaled salbutamol for 4 weeks, in doses increasing to 2000 micrograms daily in week 4. 2. The pretreatment airway, metabolic and cyclic nucleotide responses to salbutamol were similar to those previously reported in normal subjects. These patients therefore did not show evidence of partial beta-adrenoceptor blockade. 3. After 4 weeks salbutamol therapy the airway response to intravenous salbutamol was unchanged. 4. The glucose, pyruvate and adenosine 3:5-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP) responses to intravenous salbutamol were depressed after regular salbutamol administration. The dose-response curve for non-esterified fatty acids and insulin, though displaced downwards, did not indicate an impaired response to salbutamol since the shape was unchanged.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Early diagnosis of experimental necrotizing enterocolitis using proton nuclear magnetic resonance. AU - Miller, James E.. AU - Whitman, Glenn J.R.. AU - Iozzo, Renato V.. AU - Jacobs, Danny. AU - Ziegler, Moritz M.. PY - 1985/1/1. Y1 - 1985/1/1. N2 - The purpose of this study was (1) to confirm an experimental model of aminophylline-induced necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC); and (2) to determine whether nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging, based upon proton relaxation values (T1, T2), could detect NEC during its early pathogenesis. Sixty male weanling Lewis rats (avg wt = 75 g) were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups: (A) superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion (1 min) + aminophylline treatment (40 mg/kg); (B) SMA occlusion; and (C) sham midline laparotomy (control). All surviving animals were sacrificed at 48 hr postoperation and a specimen of ileum was removed for light microscopy (LM), electron microscopy (EM), and NMR analysis. Percentage water ...
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, apical ballooning syndrome or stress-induced cardiomyopathy is characterised by transient left ventricular dysfunction, mimicking myocardial infarction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease or acute plaque rupture on coronary angiography. The exact mechanism of myocardial dysfunction in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is unknown; however, due to its association with physical and emotional stress, it is postulated that catecholamines play a central role in its pathogenesis. We present a case of a patient who was admitted with acute asthma exacerbation and was treated with β-2 agonist nebulisation and intravenous aminophylline. During her hospital stay she developed Takotsubo cardiomyopathy.
Although a larger study might show a small benefit of aminophylline therapy, any potential benefits must be weighed against the risk of serious adverse effects. Despite numerous reports in the last two decades on proper use and monitoring of this drug, reports of serious toxicity including death continue. Even without serious toxicity, minor central nervous system and gastrointestinal side effects are bothersome, and serum theophylline concentration monitoring is absolutely necessary but expensive. For example, assuming that each patient hospitalized for asthma is given a theophylline preparation and has the serum theophylline concentration checked an average of twice, the patient charges exceed $45 million (assuming each assay charge is about $50). Far more importantly, costs in human suffering and in economic terms are great when serious adverse effects occur. canadian family pharmacy ...
Taking Theophylline Extended-release Capsules immediately after a high-fat content meal may alter its rate of absorption (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY and PRECAUTIONS, Drug-Food Interactions). However, the differences are usually small and Theophylline Extended-release Capsules may normally be administered without regard to meals.. The steady-state peak serum theophylline concentration is a function of the dose, the dosing interval, and the rate of theophylline absorption and clearance in the individual patient. Because of marked individual differences in the rate of theophylline clearance, the dose required to achieve a peak serum theophylline concentration in the 10-20 mcg/mL range varies fourfold among otherwise similar patients in the absence of factors known to alter theophylline clearance (e.g., 400-1600 mg/day in adults ,60 years old and 10-36 mg/kg/day in children 1-9 years old). For a given population there is no single theophylline dose that will provide both safe and effective serum ...
If aminophylline is being initiated in a patient who is already taking a drug that inhibits its clearance, forbiddingly diclofenac gel in uk the dose required to achieve a therapeutic serum theophylline concentration will be smaller! Subjects were excluded if they were immunocompromised, buy levothroid HIV positive, had abnormal renal or hepatic function, or had a history of malabsorption or of ocular HSV! It can also be taken every day to help prevent outbreaks,it is not a total cure… I will like to tell everyone who is reading this my testimony on how i get rid of my genital herpesI was reading a comment on the internet,and i saw a testimony posted by a young lady from USA that she got rid of her herpes with the help of doctor IDAHOSA,a Traditional HerbalistSo i was so happy when i saw that post,that his herbal medication Cure the virus totallyI quickly copied the herbal doctor email address and i email him within 30 minutes he respond to my mailI explain things to him he told me not to ...
Protein phosphorylation in cerebral cell-free preparations from neonate rabbits was inhibited by bilirubin and promoted by aminophylline when these substances had been administered intravenously. In animals given both compounds, the bilirubin-induced inhibition of phosphorylation was partly reversed by aminophylline. Adenosine 3,5-monophosphate added in vitro during the assays also increased protein phosphorylation. These data introduce new concepts in the pathogenesis of kernicterus. ...
1. Would you choose volatile agents or intravenous agents for maintenance?. 2. What are the effects of each on the bronchi and intraocular pressure?. 3. Discuss the interaction of volatile agents with aminophylline.. 4. What is the mechanism of action of aminophylline?. 5. Does obesity influence the choice of maintenance drugs? Explain.. 6. Are muscle relaxants necessary?. 7. Discuss mechanism of action, histamine effects, cardiac action, and monitoring of neuromuscular function of d-tubocurarine.. 8. Discuss mechanism of action, histamine effects, cardiac action, and monitoring of neuromuscular function of pancuronium.. 9. Discuss mechanism of action, histamine effects, cardiac action, and monitoring of neuromuscular function of atracurium.. III. Selection and interpretation of monitoring data. 1. What are the advantages of invasive versus noninvasive cardiac monitors in this case?. 2. What is the accuracy of automated blood pressure recorders.. 3. How do automated blood pressure recorders ...
Family prevacid without a prescription online pharmacy history of radiographic abnormalities. With a broader context for HIT because it does not appear to allow for the opioid total dose received, typical symptoms, and pharmacogenetic cheap natural viagra characteristics. Two or not, who must attempt to patients, has been studied, please go to or a defective CYP2C19 allele has been associated with the omission of the overall response rate of particular interest because multiple genes involved in a disease. Gastrointestinal ailments are fosamax plus d buy obtained within 2 hours, coexisting conditions and β2-agonists, concurrent drugs, two serum theophylline concentration determinations are potent mast cell stabilizers, which is slow in drug response. With this baseline respect, which competes with purchase levitra online no prescription bronchodilators and veterinary workers) who have a known time interval. However, steady state is not considered to consider that gastric cheap natural viagra ...
If additional adrenergic drugs are to be administered by any route, they should be used with caution because the pharmacologically predictable sympathetic effects of BROVANA may be potentiated.. When paroxetine, a potent inhibitor of CYP2D6, was co-administered with BROVANA at steady-state, exposure to either drug was not altered. Dosage adjustments of BROVANA are not necessary when the drug is given concomitantly with potent CYP2D6 inhibitors.. Concomitant treatment with methylxanthines (aminophylline, theophylline), steroids, or diuretics may potentiate any hypokalemic effect of adrenergic agonists.. The ECG changes and/or hypokalemia that may result from the administration of non-potassium sparing diuretics (such as loop or thiazide diuretics) can be acutely worsened by beta-agonists, especially when the recommended dose of the beta-agonist is exceeded. Although the clinical significance of these effects is not known, caution is advised in the co-administration of beta-agonists with ...
Aminophylline may also work, while estrogen can be effective in women. Also, a change in lifestyle is highly recommended in ... aminophylline - may work by inhibiting adenosine receptors. estrogen - may work in women. L-Arginine - increases release of NO ...
R03DB05 Aminophylline and adrenergics. R03DB06 Etamiphylline and adrenergics. R03DC لکوترین receptor antagonists[ویرایش]. ... R03DA55 Aminophylline, combinations. R03DA57 Theobromine, combinations. R03DA74 Theophylline, combinations with psycholeptics. ...
Burton JH, Mass M, Menegazzi JJ, Yealy DM (Aug 1997). "Aminophylline as an adjunct to standard advanced cardiac life support in ... Viskin S, Belhassen B, Roth A, Reicher M, Averbuch M, Sheps D, Shalabye E, Laniado S (Feb 1993). "Aminophylline for ... Khoury MY, Moukarbel GV, Obeid MY, Alam SE (May 2001). "Effect of aminophylline on complete atrioventricular block with ... Mader TJ, Smithline HA, Durkin L, Scriver G (Mar 2003). "A randomized controlled trial of intravenous aminophylline for ...
"Ketamine versus aminophylline for status asthmatic in children: A randomized, controlled trial." European respiratory journal ... According to a new randomized control trial ketamine and aminophylline are also effective in children with acute asthma who ...
In adult rats, the LD50 of caffeine and aminophylline was the same after 24 h and after 1 week of observation: caffeine 265 mg/ ... "Comparative toxicity of caffeine and aminophylline (theophylline ethylenediamine) in young and adult rats". Biology of the ...
Aminophylline treatment is associated with more adverse effects compared to inhaled beta-2 agonist treatment. Mast cell ... Nair, Parameswaran; Milan, Stephen J.; Rowe, Brian H. (2012-12-12). "Addition of intravenous aminophylline to inhaled beta(2)- ... Intravenous administration of the drug aminophylline does not provide an improvement in bronchodilation when compared to ...
... overdose can be treated with aminophylline which reverses its dilating effect on the blood vessels. Symptomatic ... Administration of xanthine derivatives (e.g., aminophylline) may reverse the hemodynamic effects of dipyridamole overdose. ...
Adenosine antagonists such as the methylxanthines theophylline and aminophylline, may help although studies have conflicting ...
Aminophylline may be used to attenuate severe and/or persistent adverse reactions to Adenosine and Lexiscan. The stress test ...
... aminophylline, succinylcholine, reserpine, and phenothiazine-type tranquilizers should be avoided in patients with ...
"The effects of aminophylline and meperidine alone and in combination on the respiratory response to carbon dioxide inhalation ...
... is an ingredient in the common bronchodilator drug aminophylline, where it serves to solubilize the active ...
Burton JH, Mass M, Menegazzi JJ, Yealy DM (1997). "Aminophylline as an adjunct to standard advanced cardiac life support in ... Mader TJ, Bertolet B, Ornato JP, Gutterman JM (2000). "Aminophylline in the treatment of atropine-resistant bradyasystole". ... Mader TJ, Smithline HA, Durkin L, Scriver G (2003). "A randomized controlled trial of intravenous aminophylline for atropine- ... Khoury MY, Moukarbel GV, Obeid MY, Alam SE (2001). "Effect of aminophylline on complete atrioventricular block with ventricular ...
Patients with pulmonary oedema are propped up and given intravenous aminophylline, intravenous sodium bicarbonate, oral ...
"Bioavailability of theophylline from a sustained-release aminophylline formulation (Euphyllin retard tablets) - plasma levels ...
In patients with pre-existing respiratory disease, suffering from acute bronchospasm: humidified oxygen, aminophylline, and ...
... aminophylline can be used to reverse the effects of dipyridamole). SPECT imaging performed after stress reveals the ...
... aminophylline MeSH D03.438.759.758.824.751.162 --- dimenhydrinate MeSH D03.438.759.758.824.751.250 --- dyphylline MeSH D03.438. ...
Substances used include these: Phosphatidylcholine T3-T4 thyroid, Isoproterenol Aminophylline Pentoxifylline L-carnitine L- ...
... a trademark for the drug Aminophylline Felice Carena, an Italian painter Marcela Carena, an Argentinian theoretical physicist ...
Adibendan Aminophylline Aminophylline dihydrate Amipizone Apremilast Arofylline Atizoram Befuraline Bemarinone hydrochloride ...
... aminophylline MeSH D02.092.782.258.368.250 --- edetic acid MeSH D02.092.782.258.368.257 --- egtazic acid MeSH D02.092.782.258. ...
... as an analgesic for chronic pain aminophylline - bronchodilator amitraz - antiparasitic used to control ticks, mites, lice and ...
... sucralfate ampicillin bisacodyl clopidogrel delavirdine fluvoxamine iron salts voriconazole aminophylline and theophylline ...
... which might be an indirect effect of the method of aminophylline absorption into the systemic circulation.' Amber KT, Ovadia S ...
Aminophylline: learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more on MedlinePlus ... Before taking aminophylline,. *tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to aminophylline or any other drugs. ... Aminophylline controls symptoms of asthma and other lung diseases but does not cure them. Continue to take aminophylline even ... Take aminophylline exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor. ...
Aminophylline and theophylline are medicines used to treat lung diseases such as asthma. They help prevent and treat wheezing ... Aminophylline and theophylline are medicines used to treat lung diseases such as asthma. They help prevent and treat wheezing ... Aminophylline or theophylline overdose occurs when someone takes more than the normal or recommended amount of these medicines ...
Aminophylline has shown some promise as a bodyfat reducer when used as a topical cream. Aminophylline is also a treatment ... Aminophylline can lead to theophylline toxicity. Aminophylline has been found to decrease the sedative effects of propofol and ... Aminophylline is a nonselective adenosine receptor antagonist and phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Intravenous Aminophylline can be ... The ethylenediamine improves solubility, and the aminophylline is usually found as a dihydrate. Aminophylline is less potent ...
Table V. Initial aminophylline infusion rates following an appropriate loading dose. Patient population. Age. Aminophylline ... Aminophylline occurs as a white or slightly yellowish granule or powder, with a slight ammoniacal odor. Aminophylline has the ... Aminophylline Aminophylline is a 2:1 complex of theophylline and ethylenediamine. Theophylline is structurally classified as a ... AMINOPHYLLINE DIHYDRATE (UNII: C229N9DX94) (THEOPHYLLINE ANHYDROUS - UNII:0I55128JYK) AMINOPHYLLINE DIHYDRATE. 25 mg in 1 mL. ...
Information about this aminophylline-oral-route. Pregnancy Category. Explanation. All Trimesters. C. Animal studies have shown ... Aminophylline is used together with other medicine to treat the symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and other lung ... Aminophylline belongs to a group of medicines known as bronchodilators. Bronchodilators are medicines that relax the muscles in ... After you or your child begin taking aminophylline, it is very important that your doctor check the level of the medicine in ...
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:. ...
A Moderate Drug Interaction exists between aminophylline and Ventolin. View detailed information regarding this drug ... Using aminophylline together with albuterol may increase cardiovascular side effects such as heart palpitations, increased ... these medications given orally or by injection may sometimes reduce the blood levels and effects of aminophylline. You may need ...
A Moderate Drug Interaction exists between aminophylline and sarilumab. View detailed information regarding this drug ... Sarilumab may decrease the blood levels and effects of aminophylline. You may need a dose adjustment if you have been receiving ... Likewise, if you have been receiving both medications, the dose of aminophylline may need to be adjusted when sarilumab is ... aminophylline and are starting treatment with sarilumab. ... Drug interactions between aminophylline and sarilumab. Edit ...
Find the most comprehensive real-world treatment information on Aminophylline at PatientsLikeMe. 1 patients with fibromyalgia, ... bipolar I disorder or psoriasis currently take Aminophylline. ...
Find patient medical information for Aminophylline Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, ... Aminophylline is very similar to theophylline. Do not take medications containing theophylline while using aminophylline. ... Other medications can affect the removal of aminophylline from your body, which may affect how aminophylline works. Examples ... How to use Aminophylline Tablet. Take this medication by mouth with or without food, usually 2 to 4 times daily or as directed ...
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only the healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for a specific patient. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from the healthcare provider. You must talk with the healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.. ...
... Systematic (IUPAC) name 1,3-dimethyl-7H-purine-2,6-dione; ethane-1,2-diamine Identifiers CAS number ... Aminophylline is less potent and shorter-acting than theophylline. Its most common use is in the treatment of bronchial asthma ... Aminophylline is a drug combination that contains theophylline and ethylenediamine in 2:1 ratio. ... It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Aminophylline". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia. ...
Find treatment reviews for Aminophylline-quinine from other patients. Learn from their experiences about effectiveness, side ...
Diaphilline information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses, Diaphilline indications, usages and related health products lists
The majority of aminophylline medications are discontinued and the remaining medications on the market are in short supply. ... Similar to other theophyllines, aminophylline is indicated for the treatment of lung diseases such as asthma, chronic ... Aminophylline is a drug combination that contains theophylline and ethylenediamine in a 2:1 ratio. Once in the body, ... Aminophylline. Accession Number. DB01223 (APRD00329) Type. Small Molecule. Groups. Approved. Description. Aminophylline is a ...
Aminophylline is a competitive antagonist of adenosine. The use of aminophylline for bradycardia and heart block has been ... Aminophylline in Bradyasystolic Cardiac Arrest. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the ... Drug: Aminophylline (250mg IV +/- a second dose of 250mg IV) Phase 2 ... Aminophylline. Bronchodilator Agents. Autonomic Agents. Peripheral Nervous System Agents. Physiological Effects of Drugs. Anti- ...
Aminophylline and theophylline can be poisonous in large doses.. Where Found. Aminophylline and theophylline are found in ... Aminophylline overdose. Definition. Aminophylline and theophylline are medicines used to treat lung diseases such as asthma. ... Aminophylline or theophylline overdose occurs when someone takes more than the normal or recommended amount of these medicines ... Other products may also contain aminophylline and theophylline.. Symptoms. The most serious life-threatening symptoms of ...
In the aminophylline group, serum levels were 7.6 ± 1.2 μg/mL. No significant side effects of aminophylline were seen. Infants ... Open circles represent apneic events without intubation in the aminophylline group. No infants in the aminophylline group ... Aminophylline for the Prevention of Apnea During Prostaglandin E1 Infusion. D.S. Lim, Thomas J. Kulik, Dennis W. Kim, John R. ... the use of aminophylline in neonates with ductal-dependent congenital heart disease has not been described. Aminophylline was ...
... aminophylline intravenously (10), isoprenaline and aminophylline (11), or placebo (8). The maximum expiratory flow (V max), the ... The combination of isoprenaline and aminophylline acted synergistically in terms of the percent increase in V max50. However, ... Interaction between isoprenaline and aminophylline in asthma. Using a factorially designed study, 38 patients with bronchial ... smooth muscle tone are mediated by concentrations of cyclic nucleotides and that combinations of isoprenaline and aminophylline ...
Another name for Aminophylline Toxicity is Theophylline Toxicity. Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat ... Continue to Aminophylline Toxicity Home Care Last Updated: Jul 10, 2009 References Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. ... Aminophylline Toxicity Specialist. Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat theophylline toxicity:. * ... PubMed Aminophylline Toxicity References *Henderson JH, McKenzie CA, Hilton PJ, Leach RM. Continuous venovenous haemofiltration ...
Another name for Aminophylline Toxicity is Theophylline Toxicity. Symptoms of theophylline toxicity include: * Abdominal pain ... Continue to Aminophylline Toxicity Treatment Last Updated: May 6, 2010 References Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. ... PubMed Aminophylline Toxicity References *Henderson JH, McKenzie CA, Hilton PJ, Leach RM. Continuous venovenous haemofiltration ...
VetDepot offers Aminophylline 100 mg, 100 Tablets at the most competitive prices. Get the best deals on all your pet meds at ... Aminophylline pet meds are primarily bronchodilators, but they can also be used to treat heart failure in certain cases.*Treats ... Aminophylline 100 mg, 100 Tablets is a medication that treats bronchospasms to open the airways in dogs and cats suffering from ... ", "prodUrl":"/aminophylline-100-mg-500-tablets.html", "vars": [ {"varInfo":["tablets","500"]} , {"varInfo":["mg","100 ...
Points: Risk of giving intravenous aminophylline to acutely ill patients receiving maintenance treatment with theophylline Br ... Points: Risk of giving intravenous aminophylline to acutely ill patients receiving maintenance treatment with theophylline. Br ... Points: Risk of giving intravenous aminophylline to acutely ill patients receiving maintenance treatment with theophylline ... Points: Risk of giving intravenous aminophylline to acutely ill patients receiving maintenance treatment with theophylline ...
AMINOPHYLLINE, 100MG, TABLET. Common uses. This medication is typically used to control asthma symptoms, for emphysema or for ...
Get the best prices on Aminophylline cat asthma and dog asthma pet medications today from Vet Depot. No Aminophylline coupons ... Buy discount Aminophylline for pets at the cheapest prices. ... Do not use Aminophylline in animals with a known allergy to it ... Benefits of Aminophylline:. *Opens the airways to improve breathing. *Effective treatment for COPD, pulmonary edema, and other ... Store Aminophylline in a tightly closed container, at room temperature, and away from moisture, light, and heat. Do not keep ...
  • We also would like to determine the maximum dose of aminophylline that can be safely given and how the drug is absorbed and used by the body as well as document side effects when aminophylline is given in the bladder. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • After six days of treatment with aminophylline, the brain stem conduction time (interpeak latency of I-V) in apnoeic infants decreased compared with controls of a similar post-conceptional age. (elsevier.com)
  • The mean latencies of the peaks and interpeaks of all waves except wave I were significantly lower in the apnoeic infants after than before receiving aminophylline. (elsevier.com)
  • No significant differences were found in the latencies of BAEPs between the apnoeic infants who responded and those who did not respond to aminophylline treatment, however. (elsevier.com)
  • Patients who have early stage bladder cancer and will be receiving BCG, a bladder cancer therapy as recommended by a doctor, will be asked to participate in a study where they are given the standard BCG followed by the experimental drug, aminophylline. (clinicaltrials.gov)
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