North AmericaSouth AmericaAmericas: The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Central AmericaCaribbean Region: The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)ArgentinaPan American Health Organization: WHO regional office for the Americas acting as a coordinating agency for the improvement of health conditions in the hemisphere. The four main functions are: control or eradication of communicable diseases, strengthening of national and local health services, education and training, and research.EuropeHistory, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Indians, South American: Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.Oceania: The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)AfricaGenetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Indians, Central American: Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.ChileColombiaMexicoGuatemalaUnited StatesPeruArchaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Radiometric Dating: Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Siberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.PanamaBelizeHondurasVenezuelaBrazilEmigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Chagas Disease: Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.Dinosaurs: General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.EcuadorEcosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)BoliviaHistory, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Guyana: A republic in the north of South America, east of VENEZUELA and west of SURINAME. Its capital is Georgetown.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.DNA, Ribosomal Spacer: The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).Insect Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.Trypanosoma cruzi: The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.El SalvadorHaplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.ParaguaySpecies Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Paracoccidioides: A mitosporic fungal genus. P. brasiliensis (previously Blastomyces brasiliensis) is the etiologic agent of PARACOCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Paracoccidioidomycosis: A mycosis affecting the skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes, and internal organs. It is caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. It is also called paracoccidioidal granuloma. Superficial resemblance of P. brasiliensis to Blastomyces brasiliensis (BLASTOMYCES) may cause misdiagnosis.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Costa RicaDisease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.UruguayPrevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Animal Distribution: A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Confederate States of America: The area of those states which seceded in 1861 from the union of the United States of America. They include South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Communicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.NicaraguaEurope, EasternHistory, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Triatoma: A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Several species are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome: Acute respiratory illness in humans caused by the Muerto Canyon virus whose primary rodent reservoir is the deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus. First identified in the southwestern United States, this syndrome is characterized most commonly by fever, myalgias, headache, cough, and rapid respiratory failure.Extinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.West Nile virus: A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)West Nile Fever: A mosquito-borne viral illness caused by the WEST NILE VIRUS, a FLAVIVIRUS and endemic to regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Common clinical features include HEADACHE; FEVER; maculopapular rash; gastrointestinal symptoms; and lymphadenopathy. MENINGITIS; ENCEPHALITIS; and MYELITIS may also occur. The disease may occasionally be fatal or leave survivors with residual neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13; Lancet 1998 Sep 5;352(9130):767-71)Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Disease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Triatominae: A subfamily of assassin bugs (REDUVIIDAE) that are obligate blood-suckers of vertebrates. Included are the genera TRIATOMA; RHODNIUS; and PANSTRONGYLUS, which are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, the agent of CHAGAS DISEASE in humans.French Guiana: A French overseas department on the northeast coast of South America. Its capital is Cayenne. It was first settled by the French in 1604. Early development was hindered because of the presence of a penal colony. The name of the country and the capital are variants of Guyana, possibly from the native Indian Guarani guai (born) + ana (kin), implying a united and interrelated race of people. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p418 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p195)Far East: A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.Hantavirus: A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE causing HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS, first identified during the Korean war. Infection is found primarily in rodents and humans. Transmission does not appear to involve arthropods. HANTAAN VIRUS is the type species.Paleopathology: The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Genetic Speciation: The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Gene Pool: The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Peromyscus: A genus of the subfamily SIGMODONTINAE consisting of 49 species. Two of these are widely used in medical research. They are P. leucopus, or the white-footed mouse, and P. maniculatus, or the deer mouse.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Dengue: An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Yellow Fever: An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus. The severe form is characterized by fever, HEMOLYTIC JAUNDICE, and renal damage.Chiroptera: Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.West Indies: Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Paleodontology: The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.American Native Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.Molecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Neglected Diseases: Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).Geological Phenomena: The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.Tropical Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.Communicable DiseasesAnimals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Anthropology: The science devoted to the comparative study of man.Northwestern United States: The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.Dentition: The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Chagas Cardiomyopathy: A disease of the CARDIAC MUSCLE developed subsequent to the initial protozoan infection by TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI. After infection, less than 10% develop acute illness such as MYOCARDITIS (mostly in children). The disease then enters a latent phase without clinical symptoms until about 20 years later. Myocardial symptoms of advanced CHAGAS DISEASE include conduction defects (HEART BLOCK) and CARDIOMEGALY.Societies, Medical: Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Biography as Topic: A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Geological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.AlaskaAtlantic OceanSouthwestern United States: The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.Encephalomyelitis, Eastern Equine: A form of arboviral encephalitis (primarily affecting equines) endemic to eastern regions of North America. The causative organism (ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS, EASTERN EQUINE) may be transmitted to humans via the bite of AEDES mosquitoes. Clinical manifestations include the acute onset of fever, HEADACHE, altered mentation, and SEIZURES followed by coma. The condition is fatal in up to 50% of cases. Recovery may be marked by residual neurologic deficits and EPILEPSY. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp9-10)Psychodidae: Small, hairy, moth-like flies which are of considerable public health importance as vectors of certain pathogenic organisms. Important disease-related genera are PHLEBOTOMUS, Lutzomyia, and Sergentomyia.Cytochromes b: Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.Basidiomycota: A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.Culicidae: A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.Australasia: Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Encephalitis Virus, Eastern Equine: A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans. The virus ranges along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States and Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Infections in horses show a mortality of up to 90 percent and in humans as high as 80 percent in epidemics.Minor Planets: Small solar system planetary bodies including asteroids. Most asteroids are found within the gap lying between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.Ascomycota: A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.Pacific Islands: The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)Rabies: Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.Muscidae: A family of the order DIPTERA with over 700 species. Important species that may be mechanical vectors of disease include Musca domesticus (HOUSEFLIES), Musca autumnalis (face fly), Stomoxys calcitrans (stable fly), Haematobia irritans (horn fly) and Fannia spp.Encephalitis Virus, Venezuelan Equine: A species of ALPHAVIRUS that is the etiologic agent of encephalomyelitis in humans and equines. It is seen most commonly in parts of Central and South America.Guadeloupe: The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)Cestoda: A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.Quercus: A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE that is a source of TANNINS. Do not confuse with Holly (ILEX).DNA, Protozoan: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.Developed Countries: Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.Yellow fever virus: The type species of the FLAVIVIRUS genus. Principal vector transmission to humans is by AEDES spp. mosquitoes.Geography, Medical: The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.Canidae: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.Simuliidae: Several species of the genus Simulium (family Simuliidae) that act as intermediate hosts (vectors) for the parasitic disease ONCHOCERCIASIS.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Sloths: Slow-moving exclusively arboreal mammals that inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Time: The dimension of the physical universe which, at a given place, orders the sequence of events. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Genome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.Disease Eradication: Termination of all transmission of infection by global extermination of the infectious agent through surveillance and containment (From Porta, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed).Sigmodontinae: A subfamily of the family MURIDAE comprised of 69 genera. New World mice and rats are included in this subfamily.Topography, Medical: The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.WyomingCoccidioidomycosis: Infection with a fungus of the genus COCCIDIOIDES, endemic to the SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES. It is sometimes called valley fever but should not be confused with RIFT VALLEY FEVER. Infection is caused by inhalation of airborne, fungal particles known as arthroconidia, a form of FUNGAL SPORES. A primary form is an acute, benign, self-limited respiratory infection. A secondary form is a virulent, severe, chronic, progressive granulomatous disease with systemic involvement. It can be detected by use of COCCIDIOIDIN.Rodentia: A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.Hantavirus Infections: Infections with viruses of the genus HANTAVIRUS. This is associated with at least four clinical syndromes: HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME caused by viruses of the Hantaan group; a milder form of HFRS caused by SEOUL VIRUS; nephropathia epidemica caused by PUUMALA VIRUS; and HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME caused by SIN NOMBRE VIRUS.Food Parasitology: The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.Onchocerciasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.Sentinel Surveillance: Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Asteraceae: A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Lythrum: A plant genus of the family LYTHRACEAE that contains ALKALOIDS.

Measles eradication: experience in the Americas. (1/346)

In 1994, the Ministers of Health from the Region of the Americas targeted measles for eradication from the Western Hemisphere by the year 2000. To achieve this goal, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) developed an enhanced measles eradication strategy. First, a one-time-only "catch-up" measles vaccination campaign is conducted among children aged 9 months to 14 years. Efforts are then made to vaccinate through routine health services ("keep-up") at least 95% of each newborn cohort at 12 months of age. Finally, to assure high population immunity among preschool-aged children, indiscriminate "follow-up" measles vaccination campaigns are conducted approximately every 4 years. These vaccination activities are accompanied by improvements in measles surveillance, including the laboratory testing of suspected measles cases. The implementation of the PAHO strategy has resulted in a marked reduction in measles incidence in all countries of the Americas. Indeed, in 1996 the all-time regional record low of 2109 measles cases was reported. There was a relative resurgence of measles in 1997 with over 20,000 cases, due to a large measles outbreak among infants, preschool-aged children and young adults in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Contributing factors for this outbreak included: low routine infant vaccination coverage, failure to conduct a "follow-up" campaign, presence of susceptible young adults, and the importation of measles virus, apparently from Europe. PAHO's strategy has been effective in interrupting measles virus circulation. This experience demonstrates that global measles eradication is an achievable goal using currently available measles vaccines.  (+info)

Linguistic diversity of the Americas can be reconciled with a recent colonization. (2/346)

The Americas harbor a very great diversity of indigenous language stocks, many more than are found in any other continent. J. Nichols [(1990) Language 66, 475-521] has argued that this diversity indicates a great time depth of in situ evolution. She thus infers that the colonization of the Americas must have begun around 35,000 years ago. This estimate is much earlier than the date for which there is strong archaeological support, which does not much exceed 12,000 years. Nichols' assumption is that the diversity of linguistic stocks increases linearly with time. This paper compares the major continents of the world to show that this assumption is not correct. In fact, stock diversity is highest in the Americas, which are by consensus the youngest continents, intermediate in Australia and New Guinea, and lowest in Africa and Eurasia where the time depth is greatest. If anything, then, after an initial radiation, stock diversity decreases with time. A simple model is outlined that predicts these dynamics. It assumes that early in the peopling of continents, there are many unfilled niches for communities to live in, and so fissioning into new lineages is frequent. As the habitat is filled up, the rate of fissioning declines and lineage extinction becomes the dominant evolutionary force.  (+info)

Evolution and origins of tobamoviruses. (3/346)

More than a dozen tobamoviruses are known. In nature, each species probably survives by moving between several closely related host species. Each infected plant contains a population of variants, but in most host populations the tobamovirus population is stable. The phylogenetic relationships of tobamovirus species broadly correlate with those of their angiosperm hosts. The simplest explanation for this correlation is that they have coevolved with the angiosperms, and hence, like them, are about 120-140 million years old. Gene sequence differences between species also indicate that the tobamoviruses are an ancient genus. Their gene sequences, and the protein motifs they encode, link them to tobraviruses, hordeiviruses and soil-borne wheat mosaic virus, more distantly to the tricornaviruses, and even to hepatitis virus E and other furoviruses, rubiviruses and alphaviruses. Their progenitors may have been associated with charophycean algae, and perhaps also plasmodiophoromycete fungi.  (+info)

Interspecies transfer of female mitochondrial DNA is coupled with role-reversals and departure from neutrality in the mussel Mytilus trossulus. (4/346)

Mussels of the genus Mytilus have distinct and highly diverged male and female mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genomes with separate routes of inheritance. Previous studies of European populations of Mytilus trossulus demonstrated that 33% of males are heteroplasmic for a second mtDNA genome of increased length and that hybridization with Mytilus edulis does not block mtDNA introgression, in contrast to reports for American populations. Here, we demonstrate that the female mtDNA type of M. edulis has replaced the resident female mtDNA type of European M. trossulus. This is supported by COIII sequence data indicating that the female mtDNA of European M. trossulus is very similar to that of M. edulis and that in phylogenetic trees, the mtDNAs of these two species cluster together but separately from American M. trossulus sequences, the latter not being disturbed by introgressive hybridization. We also provide evidence that the mtDNA genome of increased length found in heteroplasmic males of European M. trossulus derives from a recent partition of an introgressed M. edulis female type into the male route of transmission. Neutrality tests reveal that European populations of M. trossulus display an excess of replacement polymorphism within the female mtDNA type with respect to conspecific American populations, as well as a significant excess of rare variants, of a similar magnitude to those previously reported for the invading European M. edulis mtDNA. Results are consistent with a nearly neutral model of molecular evolution and suggest that selection acting on European M. trossulus mtDNA is largely independent of the nuclear genetic background.  (+info)

Suicide, religion, and socioeconomic conditions. An ecological study in 26 countries, 1990. (5/346)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Relative risks are frequently assumed to be stable across populations but this may not apply in psychiatric epidemiology where sociocultural context may modify them. Such ecological effect modification will give curved associations between aggregated risk factor and outcome. This was examined in connection with the ecological association between suicide rates and an aggregate index of religiosity. DESIGN: Ecological study of associations between suicide rates and an index of religiosity, adjusted for socioeconomic variation. The effect of stratification of the study sample according to levels of religiosity, was examined. SETTING: 26 European and American countries. SUBJECTS: Interview data from 37,688 people aggregated by country. OUTCOME MEASURES: Age and sex specific (1986-1990) suicide rates. MAIN RESULT: Adjusted for socioeconomic variation, negative associations of male suicide rates with religiosity were apparent in the 13 least religious countries only (test for interaction F (1, 25) = 5.6; p = 0.026). Associations between religiosity and female suicide rates did not vary across countries. CONCLUSION: The bent ecological association was apparent only after adjustment for socioeconomic variation suggesting that, rather than confounding, ecological modification of individual level links between religion and male (but not female) suicide risk is the responsible mechanism. This concurs with micro-level findings suggesting that suicide acceptance depends not only on personal but also on contextual levels of religious belief, and that men are more sensitive to this phenomenon than women. In psychiatric epidemiology, relative risks vary with the exposure's prevalence. This has important implications for research and prevention.  (+info)

Genetic structure of natural populations of Escherichia coli in wild hosts on different continents. (6/346)

Current knowledge of genotypic and phenotypic diversity in the species Escherichia coli is based almost entirely on strains recovered from humans or zoo animals. In this study, we analyzed a collection of 202 strains obtained from 81 mammalian species representing 39 families and 14 orders in Australia and the Americas, as well as several reference strains; we also included a strain from a reptile and 10 from different families of birds collected in Mexico. The strains were characterized genotypically by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) and phenotypically by patterns of sugar utilization, antibiotic resistance, and plasmid profile. MLEE analysis yielded an estimated genetic diversity (H) of 0.682 for 11 loci. The observed genetic diversity in this sample is the greatest yet reported for E. coli. However, this genetic diversity is not randomly distributed; geographic effects and host taxonomic group accounted for most of the genetic differentiation. The genetic relationship among the strains showed that they are more associated by origin and host order than is expected by chance. In a dendrogram, the ancestral cluster includes primarily strains from Australia and ECOR strains from groups B and C. The most differentiated E. coli in our analysis are strains from Mexican carnivores and strains from humans, including those in the ECOR group A. The kinds and numbers of sugars utilized by the strains varied by host taxonomic group and country of origin. Strains isolated from bats were found to exploit the greatest range of sugars, while those from primates utilized the fewest. Toxins are more frequent in strains from rodents from both continents than in any other taxonomic group. Strains from Mexican wild mammals were, on average, as resistant to antibiotics as strains from humans in cities. On average, the Australian strains presented a lower antibiotic resistance than the Mexican strains. However, strains recovered from hosts in cities carried significantly more plasmids than did strains isolated from wild mammals. Previous studies have shown that natural populations of E. coli harbor an extensive genetic diversity that is organized in a limited number of clones. However, knowledge of this worldwide bacterium has been limited. Here, we suggest that the strains from a wide range of wild hosts from different regions of the world are organized in an ecotypic structure where adaptation to the host plays an important role in the population structure.  (+info)

Update: influenza activity--worldwide, May-September 1999. (7/346)

In collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), the WHO international network of collaborating laboratories, and state and local health departments, CDC conducts surveillance to monitor influenza activity and to detect antigenic changes in the circulating strains of influenza viruses. From October 1998 through April 1999, influenza activity was moderate to severe in the Northern Hemisphere. Influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominated but influenza type B viruses were isolated more frequently than influenza A in some countries. Influenza A(H1N1) viruses were isolated from sporadic cases in Asia, Europe, and North America, and from outbreaks in South America. Since May 1999, influenza activity associated primarily with influenza A(H3N2) viruses has peaked and is declining in the Southern Hemisphere. This report summarizes worldwide influenza activity during May-September 1999 and the antigenic characteristics of influenza isolates collected during May-August 1999.  (+info)

Status of national diabetes programmes in the Americas. (8/346)

Reported are the responses in the latter half of 1997 of all ministries of health in the Region of the Americas to the Declaration of the Americas on Diabetes, which was adopted by the Directing Council of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in 1996 as a basis for national programme development in diabetes. The short-term targets were the designation of national focal points, the preparation of national estimates of the disease burden, and the development and implementation of national strategies and plans to deal with diabetes. The survey found that most countries recognized diabetes as a significant public health problem. In terms of global relevance, a number of lessons have been learned from this exercise: the role of broadly based participation in gaining recognition at the national health policy level; the wide acceptance of an integrated programme model; the relevance of process-related targets to achieve short-term success; and the critical role of having a designated focal point within the managerial approach.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Group-velocity tomography and lithospheric S-velocity structure of the South American continent. AU - Feng, Mei. AU - Assumpção, Marcelo. AU - Van der Lee, Suzan. PY - 2004/12/15. Y1 - 2004/12/15. N2 - The lithosphere of the South American continent has been studied little, especially in northern Brazil (the Amazonian region). A 3D lithospheric S-velocity model of South America was obtained by first carrying out Rayleigh and Love wave group-velocity tomography, and then inverting the regionalized dispersion curves. Fundamental mode group velocities were measured using a Multiple Filtering Technique. More than 12,000 paths were examined and about 6000 Rayleigh- and 3500 Love-wave dispersion curves with good quality were retrieved. Checkerboard tests showed that our dataset permits the resolution of features 400-800 km across laterally in the central part of the continent from crustal to upper mantle depths. Our results confirm previous tomographic results and correlate well with ...
P gina 234 - God and one of another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. ...
The Kellogg Institute for International Studies, part of the University of Notre Dames new Keough School of Global Affairs, is an interdisciplinary community of scholars that promotes research, provides educational opportunities, and builds linkages related to democracy and human development.. ...
Extinct and vanishing mammals of the Western Hemisphere, with the marine species of all the oceans / by Glover M. Allen. - [Cambridge, Mass.], 1942 ...
Very good hardcover of the 1972 reprint of a work originally published in 1942. With the marine species of all the oceans. With b&w drawings by Earl L. Poole.
trivia 3/26 DID YOU KNOW... The Amazon Rain Forest produces half the worlds oxygen. 1. How many countries on the South American Continent are landlocked ? (Bonus: Name them) 2. What types of birds
Seventy-seven major components of the North American continent were delineated at a general scale (1:5,000,000); including the general composition, geological environment, and types of primary metals endowments that can be expected in each domain ...
Seventy-seven major components of the North American continent were delineated at a general scale (1:5,000,000); including the general composition, geological environment, and types of primary metals endowments that can be expected in each domain ...
but the virus would keep coming back year after year, popping out of its remote hiding places. And in the end, the only hope for eliminating human disease would rest with the invention of an effective vaccine and mass, routine vaccination of hundreds of millions of people across the Western Hemisphere." ...
Follow your heart but bring your brain along with you. Im sure all of us have heard that term one time or another in our lives. People say that but when you really think about it, thats not how most of us were taught in the west.(western hemisphere)
Between April 25 and May 2, 2020, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and its partners will celebrate the 18th annual Vaccination Week in the Americas with the slogan
On 5 October 2005, eight months prior to FDA approval of the HPV vaccine Gardasil, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO, a regional office of the World Health Organization) sponsored a meeting in Washington D.C. The theme of this meeting was, Partnering for HPV Vaccine Introduction. According to the final report issued after this meeting, its purpose was to, "accelerate and strengthen the dialogue between invited partner agencies regarding their interests and plans related to the introduction of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines.". Of course, both potential vaccine suppliers, Merck and GlaxoSmithKline, were invited. In addition to the potential suppliers, representatives from the following partnering agencies were in attendance:. • The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). • The World Health Organization (WHO). • The International Union Against Cancer (UICC). • The American Cancer Society (ACS). • The United States Agency for International Development (USAID). • The ...
World No Tobacco Day is celebrated every 31 May. This year, WHO is launching a counter-marketing campaign in response to the tobacco and related industries systematic, aggressive and sustained tactics to hook a new generation of users. The global campaign will debunk myths and expose devious tactics employed by these industries. It will provide young people with the knowledge required to easily detect industry manipulation and equip them with the tools to rebuff such tactics, thereby empowering young people to stand up against them.. WHO calls on all young people to join the fight to become a tobacco-free generation. This campaign will reinforce WHOs work in assisting country-level implementation of effective policy interventions to reduce the demand for tobacco and protect against industry tactics to undermine global and national efforts to implement evidence-based tobacco control policies.. ...
BOOKS AND REPORTS. Holzer JC, Kohn R, Recupero PR, Ellison JM (eds.): Geriatric Forensic Psychiatry: Principles and Practice. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018. Kohn R: Treatment Gap in the Americas, Technical Document. Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization, 2013. Rodríguez J, Kohn R, Aguilar-Gaxiola S (eds.): Epidemiology of Mental Illness in Latin America and the Caribbean [Epidemiología de los Trastornos Mentales en América Latina y el Caribe] Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization, 2009 (in Spanish). Mello Ade A, Mello MF, Kohn R (eds.): Epidemiology of Mental Health in Brazil [Epidemiologia da Saúde Mental no Brasil] São Paulo, Brazil: Artmed, 2007 (in Portuguese). Levav I, Kohn R, Flaherty J, Lerner Y, Aisenberg E: Research Report: Mental health attitudes and practices of Soviet immigrants. Jerusalem: Falk Institute for Mental Health and Behavioral Studies, 1989. JOURNAL ARTICLES AND BOOK CHAPTERS. Okpaku SO, Adeponle AB, Kohn R: Migration and psychosis, in ...
To improve detection and management of the disease, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has published a new Guide for Diagnosis and Treatment of Chagas Disease.. ...
WILLEMSTAD - The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in its recent epidemiological alert, calls on Member States to increase vigilance and establish/maintain the capacity to detect and confirm cases of Zika virus infection.. The Zika virus infection is spread via the vector Aedes mosquito which is also prevalent in the Caribbean and Curaçao.. The Department of Public Health (GGD), a department in the Ministry of Public Health, Social Development and Labor, is calling on the population to give the elimination of mosquito breeding grounds their urgent attention especially after the heavy rainfall in order to prevent the spread of mosquito-borne diseases such as Zika.. Zika virus is a member of the Flaviviridae family and is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. It is related to other pathogenic vector borne flaviviruses including dengue, West-Nile and Japanese encephalitis viruses but produces a comparatively mild disease in humans.. Since 2014, indigenous circulation of Zika has been detected ...
Zika virus was recognised in 2016 as an important vector-borne cause of congenital malformations and Guillain-Barré syndrome, during a major epidemic in Latin America, centred in Northeastern Brazil. The WHO and Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO), with partner agencies, initiated a coordinated global response including public health intervention and urgent scientific research, as well as ethical analysis as a vital element of policy design. In this paper, we summarise the major ethical issues raised during the Zika epidemic, highlighting the PAHO ethics guidance and the role of ethics in emergency responses, before turning to ethical issues that are yet to be resolved ...
WHO/PAHO release - Health ministers from the Americas at the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Directing Council were briefed today on the Disease Control Priorities project, which outlines the best health investments to reduce the burden of disease in developing countries.
Dave Locke was not able to make the call so Ian covered C and Java Clients: - Ian and Dave are working minor bugs and suggestions. Please use the Paho Dev forum or Bugzilla to discuss these. - We discussed feedback that current committers and others at IBM, Eurotech and others familiar with MQTT design/usage need to try and get more involved in community. Nick OLeary, who has been engaged in the Eclipse and MQTT.org forums was on the call and made some comments later on in the call. - A Paho near term goal is to get up binary files in the Repository. - Ian is looking into the availability of code to test MQTT Client installations and ports. Feedback, participation and new contributions are welcome. It was suggested that a protocol level compatibility test suite for MQTT and its design points needs to be a Paho plan item. - Another item Ian is considering for Paho is an MQTT tracing program to monitor the interactions between the client and the server. - Andy Piper mentioned that the original ...
Though "whooping cough" may seem like an antiquated affliction, an estimated 50 million cases and 300,000 deaths still occur every year. Pertussis, as the disease is formally known, is a highly contagious disease marked by an intense cough that can last up to twelve weeks, and is regarded as a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries.. Sabin, in partnership with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), is working to assess and strengthen the laboratory capacity for diagnosis of pertussis in three countries; Argentina, Panama and Mexico. Currently, pertussis surveillance in most Latin American countries is based on outdated methods and materials, and an improvement in these techniques is key to guiding prevention and control strategies. The goal is to better understand the spread and impact of pertussis, in order to protect populations from this vaccine-preventable disease.. The project also provides ...
In January 2007, Sabin joined forces with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Harvard School of Public Health and the Institut Catala dOncologia (Barcelona, Spain) to conduct a comprehensive study of HPV epidemiological data in Latin America, in an attempt to address this alarming global health concern. This study, the first major assessment of HPV impact in the region, showed that the virus is far more common than anyone expected. It also effectively demonstrated that routine screening, along with vaccination, is the most promising way to tackle this disease. Differences in resources and available screening programs exist, making it difficult for each country to decide whether vaccination is affordable, even if it may be cost-effective. If these challenges could be addressed, researchers concluded that half a million cervical cancer deaths could be prevented over 10 years with the introduction of an HPV vaccine in the ...
The Ministry of Health, in collaboration with the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, is hosting a two-day National Workshop on Workers Health.. The workshop, which began yesterday (April 27), is being held under the theme Healthy Workplaces - Healthy Spaces - Healthy Workers at the Jamaica Conference Centre in downtown Kingston.. Bringing remarks at the opening, Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) Country Representative for Jamaica, Dr. Noreen Jack, said the discussions will be useful in getting recommendations for action in the workplace.. "We expect to leave this meeting after reaching important consensus related to the design and implementation of the action plan, and (this) should allow us to address the social, environmental and economic determinants of workers health, close the gaps of inequalities they cause and boost prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) at the workplace," she said.. Minister of Labour and Social Security, ...
CIDRAP News) Global health officials responding to a quickly spreading cholera outbreak in Haiti say cases in the past few days have doubled, to 3,015, while deaths are up by about 100, to 253. The figures were published yesterday by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), which also reported that the disease is reaching new parts of the country. ...
CIDRAP News) Global health officials responding to a quickly spreading cholera outbreak in Haiti say cases in the past few days have doubled, to 3,015, while deaths are up by about 100, to 253. The figures were published yesterday by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), which also reported that the disease is reaching new parts of the country. ...
This publication explores organizational and technical aspects of radiology, analyzed within the context of the Pan American Health Organizations strategic and programmatic orientations for 1995-1998. PAHO Publications Catalog
This just arrived from the Pan American Health Organization: Epidemiological Alert: On Probable Influenza A(H1N1) 2009 Outbreaks (Published on 20 April 2011). Excerpt: Since the beginning of 2011, in the region of the Americas, there have been significant outbreaks of...
Every two seconds, somewhere in the world, a child dies before reaching its fifth birthday. Two probably died while you were reading that sentence.. An estimated 15 million children under 5 die each year, but world health authorities are zeroing in on another number, smaller but still huge. For them, the number 3.5 million is a symbol of both horror and hope.. That is how many children under age 5 die every year of diseases that are preventable by vaccines. Another 4 million to 5 million children die of fluid loss from diarrhea.. "The numbers are staggering," said Dr. Ralph H. Henderson, director of the World Health Organizations program on immunization. "Thats a childs death every time you take a breath.". Henderson and several dozen other doctors and health ministers from around the world spoke last week at the International Vaccine Symposium, a two-day conference of world health leaders at the Pan American Health Organization in Washington.. The World Health Organizations current effort ...
The Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization is publishing weekly counts of suspected and confirmed cases, by country and territory, as reported by each country. The data portal includes a few important notes: The suspected cases in Brazil are unofficial (media monitoring)
Haiti has launched a vaccination campaign against tetanus and the rotavirus that causes severe, fatal diarrhea in children under the age of 5. The campaign comes a year after the Michel Martelly administration launched a similar campaign against several childhood diseases, including measles and polio. Newly appointed director of the Pan American Health Organization Dr…
In the foreword of this book, Professor Hoeppli gives his motivation and approach to the study of the parasitic diseases in Africa and the Western Hemisphere as follows:
This publication is a compilation of guidelines designed to provide caregivers with appropriate direction regarding optimal feeding of infants and young children. PAHO Publications Catalog
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DBSA Expresses Concerns About Impact of American Health Care Act Proposed legislation will significantly reduce access to mental health care.
Permanent Residents can choose to live anywhere in the United States. The North American Continent, of which the US is a large part, is incredibly diverse in
The data refer to 3,477 elderly people, 67.7% of whom were women (n=2,353). Among men, age varied between 65 and 97 years and average age was 73.3 years, while among women age varied between 65 and 101 years and average age was 72.8 years. Average BMI among men was 26.2kg/m2(95%CI 26.0; 26.5), while among women it was 27.4kg/m2(95%CI 27.2; 27.6). In relation to proportion of overweight, significant difference was found between the sexes: the proportions among women were 51.4%, 42.9% and 67.7%, while among men they were 40.0%, 31.0% and 60.3%, according to the NSI, PAHO and WHO criteria, respectively (p,0.001).. The COPs obtained for WC, using the WHO, NSI and PAHO criteria, were equal to 86.5cm, 88.7cm and 91.5cm for women, and equal to 93.0cm, 96.0cm and 97.5cm for men. For both sexes, the NSI criterion resulted in higher score estimates for sensitivity, corresponding to a COP of 88.7cm for women and 96.0cm for men ( Table 1 ), with no statistically significant difference and overlapping ...
Compelling new scientific evidence suggests United Nations peacekeepers have carried a virulent strain of cholera - a super bug -- into the Western Hemisphere for the first time.
Brazil also known as Federative Republic of Brazil is a part of South American continent, it is the fifth largest country in terms of area as well as..
Canada had led the democracies of both the American continents. The same indomitable spirit which made her capable of that effort and sacrifice made her equally incapable of accepting at the Peace Conference, in the League of Nations, or elsewhere, a status inferior to that accorded to nations less advanced in their development ...
The title compound, C9H7NO2, was prepared by alkynylation of 4-iodo-nitro-benzene with 1,3-dili-thio-propyne in the presence of 1 equivalent of CuI and catalytic amounts of Pd(PPh3)2Cl2. The complete mol-ecule is generated ...
Opera medicinalia. The first book of medicine at American continent written by Dr. Francisco Bravo and printed in 1570 at Novohispana capital. ...
Polio was eliminated from the Western Hemisphere in the early 1990s. It was stamped out in Europe a few years later. And now, even the Congo and Somalia
Polio was eliminated from the Western Hemisphere in the early 1990s. It was stamped out in Europe a few years later. And now, even the Congo and Somalia
Qualifying rounds - Day Four: Europe and the US extend their gains with Frances CAC pushing India out of second place. Asian stocks rally following yesterdays run in the Western Hemisphere. Today we profile Brazil and some of its big winners YTD.
An agency of the Organization of American States (OAS), a regional forum to deal with narcotrafficking and drug abuse in the Western Hemisphere.
An agency of the Organization of American States (OAS), a regional forum to deal with narcotrafficking and drug abuse in the Western Hemisphere.
Washingtons long-standing neglect of the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere is deteriorating into opportunistic crisis management. As the armed rebellion against Haitis President
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere, Civilian Security, and Trade ...
The following is a list of guest stars that appeared on the television series Mission: Impossible. Luther Adler as Leo Vorka (Season 4, Episode 19) Philip Ahn as Dr. Liu (Season 3, Episode 17) Charles Aidman as General Envir Qaisette (Season 3, Episode 1) Claude Akins as Sam Hibbing (Season 7, Episode 19) Richard Anderson as Judge Wilson Chase (Season 1, Episode 28) John Aniston as First IMF Captain (Season 4, Episode 12) Michael Ansara as Ed Stoner (Season 7, Episode 21) Elizabeth Ashley as Lois Stoner (Season 6, Episode 7) and Andrea (Season 7, Episode 16) Luke Askew as Dawson (Season 7, Episode 17) Leon Askin as Riva (Season 4, Episode 24) Edward Asner as George Simpson (Season 3, Episode 13) Barry Atwater as Dr. Carlos Enero (Season 1, Episode 13), Premier Leon Vados (Season 3, Episode 9), Grand Duke Clement (Season 4, Episode 18), General Marin (Season 5, Episode 17) and Matthew Royce (Season 7, Episode 21) Barbara Babcock as Major Maria Felder (Season 3, Episode 6) Diane Baker as Princess ...
This is a complete list of extant pre-modern Noh plays, their supposed authors, and categorisations. A short English translation of the title is given where one exists. A list of those plays which have a separate article on Wikipedia can be found here. Some plays are given different names by different schools. The words bangai kyoku signify that a play is no longer part of current repertoire. This list is largely a condensed version of that compiled by Michael Watson at Meiji Gakuin University, which includes more information on translations into European languages and relevant journal articles. [1 ...
"Panama Papers: Mossack Fonseca 'helped firm with links to North Korea's nuclear weapons programme' , Americas , News". The ...
The Americas. 58. David Marley (2005), "Santiago", Historic Cities of the Americas, Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO, p. 728+, ... David F. Marley (2008), Wars of the Americas: a chronology of armed conflict in the Western Hemisphere, 1492 to the present ( ... 1995). "Santiago". Americas. International Dictionary of Historic Places. Routledge. p. 637+. ISBN 978-1-134-25930-4. Eduardo ... 1976). "Santiago Chile, 1541-1581: A Case Study of Urban Stagnation". The Americas. 33. JSTOR 980784. Trudy Ring and Robert M. ...
"CMOS Logic ICs , TOSHIBA Semiconductor & Storage Products Company , Americas". toshiba.semicon-storage.com. Retrieved 2016-04- ...
BBC NEWS , Americas , Canada jails Rwandan war criminal CTV News , Munyaneza handed life sentence for war crimes[permanent dead ...
Americas. Gallery 214, Montclair, NJ. Taboo. Go Fish Gallery, New York, NY. "Relative Closeness - June 14 - August 7, 2007". ...
Americas". Standardandpoors.com. Retrieved 25 February 2013. "Sovereign Ratings History", Global Credit Portal, S&P Global ...
Guatemala has one of the highest murder rates in Latin America and is frequented by drug traffickers traveling from Colombia, ... List of unsolved deaths BBC NEWS , Americas , Gunmen kill Guatemala prosecutor Salvadoran president condemns killings of 3 ... http://www.politicalaffairs.net/index.php/article/articleview/5088/1/251/ A Murder Spree in Central America Guatemala killings ...
BBC NEWS , Americas , Spanish surgeon examines Castro - BBC, December 25, 2006: Surgeon 'flew in to treat Castro' Spanish ... "Castro dominates Latin America media". BBC News. August 1, 2006. Retrieved August 1, 2006. Alencar, Kennedy (August 2006). " ... Bush told WAQI-AM, a Spanish-language radio station in Miami, "If Fidel Castro were to move on because of natural causes, we've ...
The Americas. 4. Washington, D.C. (United States): Catholic University of America Press on behalf of Academy of American ... "Americas , Massive security at Colombia's airports". BBC News. 19 July 2002. Retrieved 18 December 2010. "Recordando los 10 ... Avianca is the largest airline in Colombia and second largest in Latin America. Avianca together with its subsidiaries has the ... most extensive network of destinations in Latin America. It is wholly owned by Synergy Group S.A., a South American holding ...
Today, about 37% of all Christians live in the Americas, about 26% live in Europe, 24% live in sub-Saharan Africa, about 13% ... Christianity is growing in Africa, Asia, Latin America, Muslim world, and Oceania. According to a study from 2015, Christians ... n.p. Beal, Timothy (2008). Religion in America: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 35, 39. Beal ... Ostling, Richard N. (24 June 2001). "The Battle for Latin America's Soul". TIME.com. Retrieved 14 February 2015. "In China, ...
The Mérida Cathedral in Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico, is one of the oldest cathedrals in the Americas. The cathedral was built on ... Rasmussen, Christian (October 1998). "Yucatán's church of all ages". Americas. Retrieved 2009-01-03. ...
"Americas , US judges admit taking kickbacks". BBC News. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2016-07-29. "US judges admit to jailing children ...
BBC NEWS , Americas , Leading Farc commander surrenders "impresa.prensa.com - La Prensa". La Prensa. Retrieved 16 December 2014 ...
Individuals are kept in captive-breeding programmes in more than 50 institutions across North America and Panama. The lifespan ... Konstant, Bill (2007). "The Frogs And The Fungus". Americas. 59 (5): 6-12. Retrieved 26 October 2015. Poole, Vicky (2008). " ...
The House of the First Print Shop in the Americas at the corner of Moneda and Licenciado Primo Verdad streets was the home of ... The Zocalo is the largest plaza in Latin America. It can hold up to nearly 100,000 people. This section of the capital has just ... The Torre Latinoamericana This is one of the best-known skyscrapers in Latin America. It was begun in 1948 and completed in ... ISBN 968-5437-29-7. "Casa de a la Primera Imprenta de America" (in Spanish). May 2002. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22 ...
"World , Americas , Rare photo sets $2.9m sale record". BBC News. February 15, 2006. Retrieved April 28, 2010. Haskell, Barbara ... ISBN 0-517-59373-4. Sandeen, Eric J. (1995). Picturing an Exhibition: The Family of Man and 1950's America. University of New ... Triond link to David J. Marcou's article "From Luxembourg and America to the World: Edward Steichen's Photographic Legacy" ...
p. 5. Butler, Ron (Nov-Dec 1999). "A New Face for the Zocalo". Americas. 51 (6): 4-6. 03790940. Alejandro, Cruz (2008-08-30). " ... Greste, Peter (2008-09-12). "World: Americas Saving Mexico's sinking cathedral". BBC. Retrieved 2008-09-18. Salgado, Agustin ( ...
"Hells Angels get stay from court - Friday, July 22, 2005 , 11:09 am". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved October 20, 2011. Unlimited ... Summers, Chris (July 25, 2005). "Americas , A murderous night in Nevada". BBC News. Retrieved October 20, 2011. " ...
Murphy-Larronde, Suzanne (May-June 2001). "All fired up in Metepec". Americas. 53 (3): 30+. Fabiola Montes de Oca R. (October ... the discovery of the Americas, the life of poet Sor Juana, the Mexican War of Independence and an epic tree with the title of " ... which relates to Day of the Dead as well as a piece dedicated to the 500th anniversary of Columbus's discovery of America. His ...
Rasmussen, Christian (October 1998). "Yucatan's church of all ages". Americas. Retrieved 2009-01-03. [permanent dead link]. ...
"Americas , US man in 1964 race attack charge". BBC News. January 25, 2007. Retrieved February 13, 2011. ...
BBC NEWS , Americas , Mexico troops sent to fight drugs Vuelve terror a Michoacán: mueren 4 narcos en balacera - El Universal ... am_ca/lt_drug_war_mexico Matan a 10 policías federales en Michoacán - El Universal - Sociedad Ejército 'blinda' Zitácuaro tras ...
... in Latin America and 77.4% in North America) identified themselves as Christians. By 2010 about 157 countries and territories ... A 2011 Pew Research Center survey found that 76.2% of Europeans, 73.3% in Oceania and about 86.0% in the Americas (90.0% ... Following the Age of Discovery, Christianity spread to the Americas, Oceania, sub-Saharan Africa and the rest of the world ... Christianity is the predominant religion in Europe, the Americas and Southern Africa. In Asia, it is the dominant religion in ...
Welcome to the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA). The ELCA is a church of about 4 million members who actively ... Copyright & Trademark 2018 Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. All Rights Reserved. , Privacy Policy , Terms of Use , ...
We can all see, though, that those meaningful roles are imperiled by the forces disrupting virtually every workplace in America ... But manufacturing used to be Americas No. 1 employer, and look what happened there: jobs lost and factories abandoned. ...
For his new book, Gruesome Spectacles: Botched Executions and Americas Death Penalty, Austin Sarat, a professor of ... Sarat says science and technology have played important roles in shaping capital punishment in America over the past century. ... long history of executions gone wrong deserves more attention in the current conversation about the death penalty in America. ...
I Am APatient / CaregiverDiseases & ConditionsLiving Well with Rheumatic DiseaseExercise and Arthritis ...
Pages in category "Americas". The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent ... Note: for the Prehistory of the Americas see Category:Pre-Columbian era. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Americas.. ... The main article for this category is Americas.. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Americas&oldid=699168863" ...
Organised crime, armed groups, statelessness and decades of conflict all pose a serious risk to populations in the Americas. ... The Brazil Declaration and Plan of Action: a Road Map for Latin America. ...
BP Acetyls Americas is headquartered in Naperville, IL. We offer efficient supply chains and distribution networks to cost- ... In 2016, BP Acetyls Americas celebrated the 30-year anniversary of a production agreement with the Texas City acetic acid site ... effectively serve customers throughout the Americas, as well as effectively integrating with the entire BP Global Acetyls ...
The work of the ITU Field Offices in the Americas aims at ensuring that all members benefit from the work of the three Sectors ... The ITU provides assistance and support in the Americas region through a Regional Office based in Brasilia, hosted by the ... ITU and Samsung are proud to announce the winners of the 2017 ITU Regional Competition for Latin America and the Caribbean " ... Regional Workshop Accessible Americas IV: Information and Communication for ALL Tuesday, November 21, 2017 - Thursday, November ...
The rubric of "America" was loosely constructed, and they encouraged literary exploration of pre-Columbian America, the ... OSullivan was already hinting at Americas soon-to-be-manifest destiny with leading articles on South America and Canada, and ... Young America. The Flowering of Democracy in New York City. By EDWARD L. WIDMER. Oxford University Press Read the Review The ... in giving to America a native Magazine." With a prophetic voice, Langtree called forth "the genius of this young America." ...
The 6-foot-3, 210-pound Neighbors Athlete of the Week has been playing a key role this spring for coach Trent Dues Greater Miami Valley Conference champions, who were 22-2, rated No. 1 in the state (Division II) and looming large in postseason play.. In fact, Hertlein has provided a two-way spark as both a pitcher and hitter for the soaring Aviators ...
I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. I can unsubscribe any time using the unsubscribe link at the end of all emails. Contact Lonely Planet here. Lonely Planet Privacy Policy. ...
News Front Page , Africa , Americas , Asia-Pacific , Europe , Middle East , South Asia UK , Business , Entertainment , Science/ ...
Visit the vast continent of South America with a Telegraph Travel Tour and see Machu Picchu, Patagonia and wonders like the ... South Americas scale and incredibly varied landscapes and cultures lend themselves perfectly to a tour, so we at the Telegraph ... We offer a range of tours, some of which include flights to a huge variety of destinations across South America. ...
Radio, VCY America. Retrieved February 26, 2019. *^ a b "VCY America Central Time Schedule" VCY America. Retrieved July 4, 2019 ... Voice of Christian Youth America, a.k.a. VCY America, is a traditional, evangelical Christian ministry based in Milwaukee, ... WVCY-AM. 690. Oshkosh, Wisconsin. 250 (day). 77 (night). 0 m (0 ft). B. FCC ... The VCY America Radio Network maintains a format of Christian talk and teaching, as well as traditional Christian music through ...
Our regularly updated South America tours page features expert advice and inspiration to help you plan the perfect trip. Find ... Meet the couple who ran 6,500 miles across South America - dodging hurricane-force winds and the Venezuelan mafia ... Why the Paris of South America should be your next city break ... The best hotels in South America View all * Tierra Patagonia ...
Welcome to Citrix Americas. From the Golden State to the Sunshine State, we offer opportunities to master new technologies and ... Join some of the best and brightest at our locations across the Americas. ...
Nov 2, 2017 -PRICED:Allena Pharmaceuticals (US, biotech) - $74.6m IPO.5.33m shares (100% prim) at $14.00 versus $14-$16 marketing. CS,JEFF, COWN.Algonquin Power & Utilities (Canada, utility) - C$500mBlock. 37.8m shares (100% prim) at C$13.25 versus C$13.75 lastsale. SCOT, CIBC, TD.Assembly Biosciences (US, biotech) - $60m ABB. 2.2mshares (100% prim) at $27.25, versus $27.25-$27.75 marketing and$28.58 last sale. JEFF, WMB.Evoqua Water Holdings (US, water services) - $500m IPO. 27.8mshares (100% prim) at $18.00 at $17-$19 marketing. CS, JPM, RBC.NYSE AQUA.Intellia Therapeutics (US, biotech) - $150m FO. 6.25mshares (100% prim) at $24.00 versus $25.47 last sale and $31.12launch. CS, JEFF, LEER.Funko (US, consumer products) - $125m IPO. 10.4m (100%prim) at $12.00 versus $14-$16. GS, JPM, BAML, PJ, JEFF.Downsized from 13.3m shares.Spero Therapeutics (US, biotech) - $77m IPO. 5.5mshares (100% prim) at $14.00 versus $14-$16 marketing. BAML,COWN, STFL. Upsized from 5m shares.NEAR-TERM CALENDAR:Day-to-Day:
Born in La Paz in 1792, Andrés de Santa Cruz lived through the turbulent times that led to independence across Latin America. ... This new edition incorporates the latest findings of the last decade in slave trade studies carried out in Europe and America. ... Seeing Latin Americas environmental past from the perspective of many centuries illustrates that human civilizations, ancient ... Yet long after it had been abolished elsewhere in the Americas, slavery stubbornly persisted in the three nations. It took a ...
See an archive of all americas sweetheart stories published on the New York Media network, which includes NYMag, The Cut, ... Julia Roberts on Jennifer Lawrence: Too CoolRoberts side-eyes questions about who exactly is Americas Sweetheart. ... Sarah Palin Fightin for Duck Dynasty HomophobeSaving America from the "intolerants." ...
To avoid this calamity it is necessary now to show the people of the world the other America. For there are two Americas-and ... There is the other America-the America of the workers and farmers and the "little people". They constitute the great majority ... We firmly believe the real America-the America of the workers, the people-will help save the world by saving herself. ... The Two Americas. James P. Cannon. Delivered: 1948. Source: Fighting for Socialism in the "American Century"; Reprinted from ...
Ineos-Chlor Americas Settlement. (Washington, DC - August 21, 2012) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a ... INEOS Chlor Americas, Inc. (INEOS) is headquartered in Wilmington, Delaware. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of INEOS, a global ... settlement with INEOS Chlor Americas, Inc., based in Wilmington, Del., to resolve violations of the Toxic Substances Control ...
More about "Americas Children". A new Federal report being issued today provides a composite picture of the well-being of the ... Americas Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 1997 pdf icon[PDF - 1.4 MB] ... "Americas Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being," presents, in a single document, 25 key indicators on critical ...
More from The Americas. Hand-ups, not handcuffs. How will Mexicos president handle "El Mencho", a kingpin on the rise?. ... This article appeared in the The Americas section of the print edition under the headline The judgment ...
Princess Cruises has announced its 2017-2018 Americas cruise itineraries from Fall 2017 to Spring 2018... ... Our 2017-2018 Americas season offers exciting itineraries for our guests to choose the perfect cruise vacation from homeports ... Full details of Princess Cruises 2017-2018 Americas cruise season include:. Caribbean. Offering the youngest fleet in the ... SANTA CLARITA, Calif., May 31, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Princess Cruises has announced its 2017-2018 Americas cruise itineraries ...
More from The Americas. Justin Trudeaus drug problem. Canada ponders a federal programme for pharmaceuticals. ... The new president is Bharrat Jagdeo, Mrs Jagans finance minister, and, at 35, the youngest head of state in the Americas. Will ... This article appeared in the The Americas section of the print edition under the headline Guyanas new generation ...
  • Large-scale constitutional reforms are extremely popular with citizens,' said Jonathan Hartlyn, a political scientist at the University of North Carolina who has studied constitutional politics throughout Latin America. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The two-day event aims to create jobs and promote democracy throughout Latin America. (npr.org)
  • November 3, 2005 President Bush is beginning a five-day trip to Latin America on Thursday. (npr.org)
  • The journey includes an appearance at Friday's opening session of the Summit of the Americas, an event that aims to create jobs and promote democracy throughout Latin America. (npr.org)
  • It also means that booming U.S. exports to Latin America will grow still more. (washingtontimes.com)
  • ‌ Start-up Latin America 2016 presents an update of start-up promotion policies in the region. (oecd.org)
  • Start-ups are becoming a reality in Latin America and public policies are playing an important role in supporting their creation and expansion. (oecd.org)
  • The ongoing assessment shows that Latin America is a region in motion: the policy mix of targeted tools has been modernized and new actors and forms rose up in start-up promotion since 2012. (oecd.org)
  • A progress report, "Startup Latin America 2016: Building and Innovative Future", was presented and benefited from comments from high level participants at the Startup Nation Summit (SNS) in Monterrey (Mexico) on November 20, 2015. (oecd.org)
  • Start-up Latin America: Promoting Innovation in the Region analyses the role of policies in promoting the creation and expansion of start-ups. (oecd.org)
  • Start-up Latin America: Promoting Innovation in the Region was pre-launched in Panamá City at a plenary session of the First Regional Telecom Congress (23-26 July 2013) in the frame of the associated meetings of the XXIII Iberoamerican Head of States and Governments Summit. (oecd.org)
  • The meeting gathered Ministries, regulatory agencies, CEOs of major telecom companies, experts and representatives of major international organisations to discuss the challenges to close the digital gap in Latin America by 2020. (oecd.org)
  • Since taking office, he's met with a half dozen heads of government from Latin America, including Chile's president this week. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Labor laws are so bad in Latin America that free trade only makes it easier for big companies to pay low wages and to fire workers who speak out. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Stuart Comer, Chief Curator of Media and Performance Art at MoMA and curator of the exhibition Transmissions: Art in Eastern Europe and Latin America, 1960-1980 , joins Marilys Downey, Director of the Juan Downey Foundation, and art historian and curator David Ross for a discussion about Juan Downey's landmark artwork Video Trans Americas . (moma.org)
  • This event accompanies Transmissions: Art in Eastern Europe and Latin America, 1960-1980 . (moma.org)
  • Review Magazine is an English language journal for literature from Latin America, the Caribbean, and Canada. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2019 Ram Heavy Duty: Jim Morrison, Head of Ram Brand North America - Duration: 2 minutes, 30 seconds. (youtube.com)
  • Following their British success, America returned to North America, beginning a supporting tour for the Everly Brothers. (apple.com)
  • Historians may record 1906 as the year of the Great San Francisco Earthquake, but, for anthropologists, it is the year that split the Hopi community of Orayvi, the longest continually occupied settlement in North America. (amnh.org)
  • Make Roads Safe, North America, is composed of a diverse group of national, state, local, academic, advocacy, and other organizations in the US and Canada united in a Campaign for Global Road Safety (see Supporters at www.makeroadssafe.org). (who.int)
  • If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA's collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations). (moma.org)
  • Agriculture arose independently in at least three regions: South America, Mesoamerica, and eastern North America. (britannica.com)
  • Swidden production, also known as slash-and-burn agriculture , was practiced from temperate eastern North America to the tropical lowlands of South America . (britannica.com)
  • IFAF Americas is the federation that governs the sport of American football in the Americas and qualifies teams from North America, Central America, the Caribbean and South America in the IFAF World Cup. (wikipedia.org)
  • SANTA CLARITA, Calif. , May 31, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Princess Cruises has announced its 2017-2018 Americas cruise itineraries from Fall 2017 to Spring 2018 including sailings to the Caribbean , Panama Canal, Mexico , Hawaii , and the California Coast. (prnewswire.com)
  • Our 2017-2018 Americas season offers exciting itineraries for our guests to choose the perfect cruise vacation from homeports in the United States and Canada ,' said Jan Swartz , Princess Cruises president. (prnewswire.com)
  • The Credit Suisse Americas CEO Awards Scholarship is available to member of the class of 2017 (junior), enrolled in a full-time undergraduate program in the US & able to participate in an internship during the summer of 2016. (fastweb.com)
  • In 2016, BP Acetyls Americas celebrated the 30-year anniversary of a production agreement with the Texas City acetic acid site that has been in place since 1986. (bp.com)
  • America's oldest hat maker, the Bollman Hat Company, wants to bring manufacturing jobs to America and actor Samuel Jackson has joined the push. (cnbc.com)
  • Dan DiMicco, "American Made" author, says the way to solve America's jobs problem and improve the economy is to make things in America, not just buy things in America. (cnbc.com)
  • Completing the circle of unlikelihoods, the last count of Bearhaven was possibly the most energetic spokesman for democracy America has ever seen. (nytimes.com)
  • But the Bush administration hopes to make clear this weekend that the Americas are a priority, with democracy and free trade its key planks to boost hemispheric prosperity. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The official Summit of the Americas puts special emphasis to strengthening democracy, but so far, there's little consensus among hemispheric leaders on how to achieve that goal. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The Americas Society has also organized working groups on the topics of women's empowerment and leadership, Cuba, energy policy, immigration, trade facilitation and Venezuela. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is well to recall now that America was born of revolution in 1776, and secured its unity as a nation through another revolution-the Civil War-which smashed the abomination of chattel slavery in the process. (marxists.org)
  • These Wall Street money-sharks are just as foreign to the real America as were the despots who ruled the land before the revolution of 1776. (marxists.org)
  • In January 2018, Foster America launched its second cohort of fellows in a total of nine agencies nationwide. (idealist.org)
  • Zika virus evolution and spread in the Americas. (nih.gov)
  • Although the recent Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic in the Americas and its link to birth defects have attracted a great deal of attention, much remains unknown about ZIKV disease epidemiology and ZIKV evolution, in part owing to a lack of genomic data. (nih.gov)
  • November 6, 2005 Negotiators were unable to agree on a U.S.-favored free-trade zone covering most of North and South America at this week's Summit of the Americas in Mar Del Plata, Argentina. (npr.org)
  • November 5, 2005 President Bush's attendance at the Summit of the Americas triggered violent protests in Mar Del Plata, Argentina, the site of the summit. (npr.org)
  • The weekend of April 20-22, the worlds attention will be focused on the third Summit of the Americas that will be held in Quebec, Canada. (washingtontimes.com)
  • This because its government is the only remaining dictatorship in the Americas, and the summit has been limited to democratic countries since it was first held in Miami in 1995. (washingtontimes.com)
  • First, the summit will help underscore the importance that the Western Hemisphere´s leaders attach to increasing the solidarity and integration of the Americas. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The summit´s script calls for the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) to go into effect by 2005. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Pioneer Solutions will be traveling to Houston on January 21 - 23, 2014 to attend the Argus Americas Crude Summit. (prweb.com)
  • That's the word from the White House on the eve of the Third Summit of the Americas in Quebec, Canada, where Bush will meet Friday with 33 hemispheric counterparts to discuss trade and cooperation, amid heavy security. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • After releasing America in Concert in the summer of 1985, the group continued to tour successfully into the '90s, re-surfacing in 1998 with Human Nature. (apple.com)
  • The Center for Inter-American Relations was later to be absorbed into Americas Society in 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • Visit the menu items above for the history of the Trans Am as well as samples of these great cars here in Canada . (google.com)
  • The Americas Society is an organization dedicated to education, debate, and dialogue on the Americas and is located at 680 Park Avenue on the Upper East Side of Manhattan. (wikipedia.org)
  • The masters of America, drunk with power, are threatening and terrifying the people of the world-seeking to dominate and enslave them-striving to transform the other countries of the world into colonies of the American empire. (marxists.org)
  • To avoid this calamity it is necessary now to show the people of the world the other America. (marxists.org)
  • For there are two Americas-and millions of the people already distinguish between them. (marxists.org)
  • This is the America the people of the world hate and fear. (marxists.org)
  • Although the Eye Foundation of America serves people of all ages, we have a special place in our hearts for children because it is they who have the most to lose. (google.com)
  • A string of Top Ten singles and albums followed during the middle years of the decade ('Tin Man,' 'Lonely People,' 'Sister Golden Hair'), plus America scored a latter-day hit in 1982 with 'You Can Do Magic. (apple.com)
  • Holiday returned America to the top of the charts, peaking at number three and launching the hit singles 'Tin Man' and 'Lonely People. (apple.com)
  • Encompassing national parks, indigenous territories, productive fisheries, World Heritage sites, migratory corridors, peatlands, and rangelands, the world's largest roadless natural habitats and more, our six priority regions here are not only vital to the Americas' biodiversity but to its people and economies as well. (wcs.org)
  • Since pre-recession America had the biggest houses in the known universe, we're finding it perfectly possible to physically accommodate all these extra people by having twentysomethings live with their parents, siblings doubling up, etc. (slate.com)
  • Hundreds of images of the now extinct mammoths and mastodons - elephant-like animals hunted by prehistoric people - have been found in Europe, but none had surfaced in the Americas, until now. (livescience.com)
  • If genuine, this rare and spectacular find provides evidence that ancient people living in the Americas during the end of the Pleistocene Epoch created artistic images of the animals they hunted, Purdy and her colleagues write online in the Journal of Archaeological Science. (livescience.com)
  • The early part of the new millennium saw America release not only a handful of live albums and a holiday-themed studio recording, but also the exhaustive, career-spanning box set Highway, released in 2000. (apple.com)
  • The Pontiac Trans Am Canada website is not affiliated with, authorized by, or in any way a product of Pontiac Motor Division or General Motors Corporation. (google.com)
  • Americas markets were mixed at midday Friday, with stocks in Canada and Mexico trading slightly lower as Brazil's shares jumped 2.2% on hopes for further interest-rate cuts. (wsj.com)
  • Indigenous peoples in the Americas created a variety of agricultural systems that were suited to a wide range of environments , from southern Canada to southern South America and from high elevations in the Andes to the lowlands of the Amazon River . (britannica.com)
  • No one in South America is talking about abandoning electoral politics, but each of the three countries undergoing constitutional battles is experimenting with what the Venezuelan president calls '21st-century socialism. (washingtonpost.com)
  • In addition to the grants from Whole Planet Foundation, their NYC stores held a 5% Day in 2009 that raised $44,000 to fund microlending programs in Queens and last week Whole Foods Market supported the 2nd annual Grameen America Week by donating banana splits for Grameen America staff to hand out in each of the NYC stores, raising awareness during their 30th Anniversary bash. (wholefoodsmarket.com)
  • CNBC's Eamon Javers reports on the White House attempting to shift focus from Russia investigation with "Made in America" week. (cnbc.com)
  • The work of the ITU Field Offices in the Americas aims at ensuring that all members benefit from the work of the three Sectors of the Union, addressing the specific needs of the region and of each country. (itu.int)
  • Foster America is a nonprofit startup that aims to improve the lives of our nation's most vulnerable children: those in foster care or at risk of abuse or neglect, who are served by the child welfare system. (idealist.org)
  • Washington, DC - August 21, 2012) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a settlement with INEOS Chlor Americas, Inc., based in Wilmington, Del. (epa.gov)
  • The great majority of the peoples of the world do not want to be slaves of America. (marxists.org)
  • One is the America of the imperialists-of the little clique of capitalists, landlords, and militarists who are threatening and terrifying the world. (marxists.org)
  • This is the America which must and will solve the world crisis-by taking power out of the hands of the little clique of exploiters and parasites, and establishing a government of workers and farmers. (marxists.org)
  • But our America has fallen into the hands of a small, selfish group, who are trying to dominate the world-and to set up a police state at home. (marxists.org)
  • Indigenous peoples in the Americas domesticated fewer animal species than their Old World counterparts, in large part because the Americas were home to fewer gregarious , or herding, species of appropriate size and temperament. (britannica.com)
  • The ITU provides assistance and support in the Americas region through a Regional Office based in Brasilia, hosted by the government of Brazil and other three Area Offices located in Bridgetown (Barbados), Santiago (Chile) and Tegucigalpa (Honduras). (itu.int)
  • The Alaskan Arctic may be the most pristine wilderness in America - the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is a haven for musk ox, wolves and caribou. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The work provides the first firm evidence that ancient Polynesians voyaged as far as South America, and also strongly suggests that they were responsible for the introduction of chickens to the continent - a question that has been hotly debated for more than 30 years. (newscientist.com)
  • Adopting the name America, the group landed a contract with Jeff Dexter, a promoter for the Roundhouse concert venue. (apple.com)
  • The Americas Society produces the MetLife Music of the Americas (concert series) to showcase the diversity of styles and genres of music in the Americas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shortened form of America or American , particularly as used in commercial names. (wiktionary.org)
  • its mission is "to increase public awareness and appreciation of the diverse cultural heritage of the Americas and the importance of the inter-American relationship. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Slack workspace, you'll find brigade members sharing best practices (#brigade), discussions of the current day's civic tech news (#general-discussion), opportunities from our network to transition into a civic tech career (#jobs-for-america), and more. (google.com)
  • Chilean archaeologists working at the site of El Arenal-1, on the Arauco Peninsula in south-central Chile, discovered what they thought might be the first prehistoric chicken bones unearthed in the Americas. (newscientist.com)
  • Other researchers have found indirect evidence that Polynesians might have made it to the Americas before Europeans. (newscientist.com)
  • All Kiehl's formulas sold in the U.S. are made in America. (cnbc.com)
  • Is there a way to determine if the calls I previously made would have gone through on Americas choice? (tomshardware.com)
  • The Americas Society Building is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Americas Society, together with Council of the Americas, produces the publication Americas Quarterly, a policy journal for the Western Hemisphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • He will urge quick action to form a Free Trade Area of the Americas, spanning the hemisphere, excluding Cuba. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • VCY America radio also provides programming such as Crosstalk , Worldview Weekend , and Music 'til Dawn to stations throughout the country via satellite. (wikipedia.org)
  • For America, REITs have helped revitalize both large and small downtowns and redeveloped old and new suburbs across the country, and helped foster innovation in communications, health care and more. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Probably the least-understood economic issue in America today is that notwithstanding high vacancy rates in some portions of the country, we're now objectively undersupplied with housing relative to the size of our population. (slate.com)
  • Links to more Americas stories are at the foot of the page. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Just make sure to select the Eye Foundation of America as your charity of choice when using Amazon.com. (google.com)
  • How much do Drinks Americas employees make? (glassdoor.com)
  • Official website "César Alierta recibe la 'Medalla de Oro' de la Americas Society" [César Alierta receives the 'Gold Medal' of the Americas Society]. (wikipedia.org)
  • CALGARY, ALBERTA--(Marketwired - May 1, 2013) - Americas Petrogas Inc. ("Americas Petrogas" or the "Company") (TSX VENTURE:BOE) announces that it has filed its 2012 audited consolidated financial statements and Management's Discussion and Analysis ("MD&A") relating to its 2012 year-end results. (yahoo.com)