The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
WHO regional office for the Americas acting as a coordinating agency for the improvement of health conditions in the hemisphere. The four main functions are: control or eradication of communicable diseases, strengthening of national and local health services, education and training, and research.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A republic in the north of South America, east of VENEZUELA and west of SURINAME. Its capital is Georgetown.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
A mitosporic fungal genus. P. brasiliensis (previously Blastomyces brasiliensis) is the etiologic agent of PARACOCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A mycosis affecting the skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes, and internal organs. It is caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. It is also called paracoccidioidal granuloma. Superficial resemblance of P. brasiliensis to Blastomyces brasiliensis (BLASTOMYCES) may cause misdiagnosis.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
The area of those states which seceded in 1861 from the union of the United States of America. They include South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Several species are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Acute respiratory illness in humans caused by the Muerto Canyon virus whose primary rodent reservoir is the deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus. First identified in the southwestern United States, this syndrome is characterized most commonly by fever, myalgias, headache, cough, and rapid respiratory failure.
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.
The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A mosquito-borne viral illness caused by the WEST NILE VIRUS, a FLAVIVIRUS and endemic to regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Common clinical features include HEADACHE; FEVER; maculopapular rash; gastrointestinal symptoms; and lymphadenopathy. MENINGITIS; ENCEPHALITIS; and MYELITIS may also occur. The disease may occasionally be fatal or leave survivors with residual neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13; Lancet 1998 Sep 5;352(9130):767-71)
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
A subfamily of assassin bugs (REDUVIIDAE) that are obligate blood-suckers of vertebrates. Included are the genera TRIATOMA; RHODNIUS; and PANSTRONGYLUS, which are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, the agent of CHAGAS DISEASE in humans.
A French overseas department on the northeast coast of South America. Its capital is Cayenne. It was first settled by the French in 1604. Early development was hindered because of the presence of a penal colony. The name of the country and the capital are variants of Guyana, possibly from the native Indian Guarani guai (born) + ana (kin), implying a united and interrelated race of people. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p418 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p195)
A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE causing HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS, first identified during the Korean war. Infection is found primarily in rodents and humans. Transmission does not appear to involve arthropods. HANTAAN VIRUS is the type species.
The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.
Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
A genus of the subfamily SIGMODONTINAE consisting of 49 species. Two of these are widely used in medical research. They are P. leucopus, or the white-footed mouse, and P. maniculatus, or the deer mouse.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus. The severe form is characterized by fever, HEMOLYTIC JAUNDICE, and renal damage.
Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
A disease of the CARDIAC MUSCLE developed subsequent to the initial protozoan infection by TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI. After infection, less than 10% develop acute illness such as MYOCARDITIS (mostly in children). The disease then enters a latent phase without clinical symptoms until about 20 years later. Myocardial symptoms of advanced CHAGAS DISEASE include conduction defects (HEART BLOCK) and CARDIOMEGALY.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.
The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
A form of arboviral encephalitis (primarily affecting equines) endemic to eastern regions of North America. The causative organism (ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS, EASTERN EQUINE) may be transmitted to humans via the bite of AEDES mosquitoes. Clinical manifestations include the acute onset of fever, HEADACHE, altered mentation, and SEIZURES followed by coma. The condition is fatal in up to 50% of cases. Recovery may be marked by residual neurologic deficits and EPILEPSY. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp9-10)
Small, hairy, moth-like flies which are of considerable public health importance as vectors of certain pathogenic organisms. Important disease-related genera are PHLEBOTOMUS, Lutzomyia, and Sergentomyia.
Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.
A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans. The virus ranges along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States and Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Infections in horses show a mortality of up to 90 percent and in humans as high as 80 percent in epidemics.
Small solar system planetary bodies including asteroids. Most asteroids are found within the gap lying between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.
The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)
Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.
A family of the order DIPTERA with over 700 species. Important species that may be mechanical vectors of disease include Musca domesticus (HOUSEFLIES), Musca autumnalis (face fly), Stomoxys calcitrans (stable fly), Haematobia irritans (horn fly) and Fannia spp.
A species of ALPHAVIRUS that is the etiologic agent of encephalomyelitis in humans and equines. It is seen most commonly in parts of Central and South America.
The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)
A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.
A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE that is a source of TANNINS. Do not confuse with Holly (ILEX).
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
The type species of the FLAVIVIRUS genus. Principal vector transmission to humans is by AEDES spp. mosquitoes.
The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.
A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.
Several species of the genus Simulium (family Simuliidae) that act as intermediate hosts (vectors) for the parasitic disease ONCHOCERCIASIS.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Slow-moving exclusively arboreal mammals that inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
The dimension of the physical universe which, at a given place, orders the sequence of events. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
Termination of all transmission of infection by global extermination of the infectious agent through surveillance and containment (From Porta, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed).
A subfamily of the family MURIDAE comprised of 69 genera. New World mice and rats are included in this subfamily.
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
Infection with a fungus of the genus COCCIDIOIDES, endemic to the SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES. It is sometimes called valley fever but should not be confused with RIFT VALLEY FEVER. Infection is caused by inhalation of airborne, fungal particles known as arthroconidia, a form of FUNGAL SPORES. A primary form is an acute, benign, self-limited respiratory infection. A secondary form is a virulent, severe, chronic, progressive granulomatous disease with systemic involvement. It can be detected by use of COCCIDIOIDIN.
A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
Infections with viruses of the genus HANTAVIRUS. This is associated with at least four clinical syndromes: HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME caused by viruses of the Hantaan group; a milder form of HFRS caused by SEOUL VIRUS; nephropathia epidemica caused by PUUMALA VIRUS; and HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME caused by SIN NOMBRE VIRUS.
The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.
Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.
Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
Diseases of plants.
A plant genus of the family LYTHRACEAE that contains ALKALOIDS.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.

Measles eradication: experience in the Americas. (1/346)

In 1994, the Ministers of Health from the Region of the Americas targeted measles for eradication from the Western Hemisphere by the year 2000. To achieve this goal, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) developed an enhanced measles eradication strategy. First, a one-time-only "catch-up" measles vaccination campaign is conducted among children aged 9 months to 14 years. Efforts are then made to vaccinate through routine health services ("keep-up") at least 95% of each newborn cohort at 12 months of age. Finally, to assure high population immunity among preschool-aged children, indiscriminate "follow-up" measles vaccination campaigns are conducted approximately every 4 years. These vaccination activities are accompanied by improvements in measles surveillance, including the laboratory testing of suspected measles cases. The implementation of the PAHO strategy has resulted in a marked reduction in measles incidence in all countries of the Americas. Indeed, in 1996 the all-time regional record low of 2109 measles cases was reported. There was a relative resurgence of measles in 1997 with over 20,000 cases, due to a large measles outbreak among infants, preschool-aged children and young adults in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Contributing factors for this outbreak included: low routine infant vaccination coverage, failure to conduct a "follow-up" campaign, presence of susceptible young adults, and the importation of measles virus, apparently from Europe. PAHO's strategy has been effective in interrupting measles virus circulation. This experience demonstrates that global measles eradication is an achievable goal using currently available measles vaccines.  (+info)

Linguistic diversity of the Americas can be reconciled with a recent colonization. (2/346)

The Americas harbor a very great diversity of indigenous language stocks, many more than are found in any other continent. J. Nichols [(1990) Language 66, 475-521] has argued that this diversity indicates a great time depth of in situ evolution. She thus infers that the colonization of the Americas must have begun around 35,000 years ago. This estimate is much earlier than the date for which there is strong archaeological support, which does not much exceed 12,000 years. Nichols' assumption is that the diversity of linguistic stocks increases linearly with time. This paper compares the major continents of the world to show that this assumption is not correct. In fact, stock diversity is highest in the Americas, which are by consensus the youngest continents, intermediate in Australia and New Guinea, and lowest in Africa and Eurasia where the time depth is greatest. If anything, then, after an initial radiation, stock diversity decreases with time. A simple model is outlined that predicts these dynamics. It assumes that early in the peopling of continents, there are many unfilled niches for communities to live in, and so fissioning into new lineages is frequent. As the habitat is filled up, the rate of fissioning declines and lineage extinction becomes the dominant evolutionary force.  (+info)

Evolution and origins of tobamoviruses. (3/346)

More than a dozen tobamoviruses are known. In nature, each species probably survives by moving between several closely related host species. Each infected plant contains a population of variants, but in most host populations the tobamovirus population is stable. The phylogenetic relationships of tobamovirus species broadly correlate with those of their angiosperm hosts. The simplest explanation for this correlation is that they have coevolved with the angiosperms, and hence, like them, are about 120-140 million years old. Gene sequence differences between species also indicate that the tobamoviruses are an ancient genus. Their gene sequences, and the protein motifs they encode, link them to tobraviruses, hordeiviruses and soil-borne wheat mosaic virus, more distantly to the tricornaviruses, and even to hepatitis virus E and other furoviruses, rubiviruses and alphaviruses. Their progenitors may have been associated with charophycean algae, and perhaps also plasmodiophoromycete fungi.  (+info)

Interspecies transfer of female mitochondrial DNA is coupled with role-reversals and departure from neutrality in the mussel Mytilus trossulus. (4/346)

Mussels of the genus Mytilus have distinct and highly diverged male and female mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genomes with separate routes of inheritance. Previous studies of European populations of Mytilus trossulus demonstrated that 33% of males are heteroplasmic for a second mtDNA genome of increased length and that hybridization with Mytilus edulis does not block mtDNA introgression, in contrast to reports for American populations. Here, we demonstrate that the female mtDNA type of M. edulis has replaced the resident female mtDNA type of European M. trossulus. This is supported by COIII sequence data indicating that the female mtDNA of European M. trossulus is very similar to that of M. edulis and that in phylogenetic trees, the mtDNAs of these two species cluster together but separately from American M. trossulus sequences, the latter not being disturbed by introgressive hybridization. We also provide evidence that the mtDNA genome of increased length found in heteroplasmic males of European M. trossulus derives from a recent partition of an introgressed M. edulis female type into the male route of transmission. Neutrality tests reveal that European populations of M. trossulus display an excess of replacement polymorphism within the female mtDNA type with respect to conspecific American populations, as well as a significant excess of rare variants, of a similar magnitude to those previously reported for the invading European M. edulis mtDNA. Results are consistent with a nearly neutral model of molecular evolution and suggest that selection acting on European M. trossulus mtDNA is largely independent of the nuclear genetic background.  (+info)

Suicide, religion, and socioeconomic conditions. An ecological study in 26 countries, 1990. (5/346)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Relative risks are frequently assumed to be stable across populations but this may not apply in psychiatric epidemiology where sociocultural context may modify them. Such ecological effect modification will give curved associations between aggregated risk factor and outcome. This was examined in connection with the ecological association between suicide rates and an aggregate index of religiosity. DESIGN: Ecological study of associations between suicide rates and an index of religiosity, adjusted for socioeconomic variation. The effect of stratification of the study sample according to levels of religiosity, was examined. SETTING: 26 European and American countries. SUBJECTS: Interview data from 37,688 people aggregated by country. OUTCOME MEASURES: Age and sex specific (1986-1990) suicide rates. MAIN RESULT: Adjusted for socioeconomic variation, negative associations of male suicide rates with religiosity were apparent in the 13 least religious countries only (test for interaction F (1, 25) = 5.6; p = 0.026). Associations between religiosity and female suicide rates did not vary across countries. CONCLUSION: The bent ecological association was apparent only after adjustment for socioeconomic variation suggesting that, rather than confounding, ecological modification of individual level links between religion and male (but not female) suicide risk is the responsible mechanism. This concurs with micro-level findings suggesting that suicide acceptance depends not only on personal but also on contextual levels of religious belief, and that men are more sensitive to this phenomenon than women. In psychiatric epidemiology, relative risks vary with the exposure's prevalence. This has important implications for research and prevention.  (+info)

Genetic structure of natural populations of Escherichia coli in wild hosts on different continents. (6/346)

Current knowledge of genotypic and phenotypic diversity in the species Escherichia coli is based almost entirely on strains recovered from humans or zoo animals. In this study, we analyzed a collection of 202 strains obtained from 81 mammalian species representing 39 families and 14 orders in Australia and the Americas, as well as several reference strains; we also included a strain from a reptile and 10 from different families of birds collected in Mexico. The strains were characterized genotypically by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) and phenotypically by patterns of sugar utilization, antibiotic resistance, and plasmid profile. MLEE analysis yielded an estimated genetic diversity (H) of 0.682 for 11 loci. The observed genetic diversity in this sample is the greatest yet reported for E. coli. However, this genetic diversity is not randomly distributed; geographic effects and host taxonomic group accounted for most of the genetic differentiation. The genetic relationship among the strains showed that they are more associated by origin and host order than is expected by chance. In a dendrogram, the ancestral cluster includes primarily strains from Australia and ECOR strains from groups B and C. The most differentiated E. coli in our analysis are strains from Mexican carnivores and strains from humans, including those in the ECOR group A. The kinds and numbers of sugars utilized by the strains varied by host taxonomic group and country of origin. Strains isolated from bats were found to exploit the greatest range of sugars, while those from primates utilized the fewest. Toxins are more frequent in strains from rodents from both continents than in any other taxonomic group. Strains from Mexican wild mammals were, on average, as resistant to antibiotics as strains from humans in cities. On average, the Australian strains presented a lower antibiotic resistance than the Mexican strains. However, strains recovered from hosts in cities carried significantly more plasmids than did strains isolated from wild mammals. Previous studies have shown that natural populations of E. coli harbor an extensive genetic diversity that is organized in a limited number of clones. However, knowledge of this worldwide bacterium has been limited. Here, we suggest that the strains from a wide range of wild hosts from different regions of the world are organized in an ecotypic structure where adaptation to the host plays an important role in the population structure.  (+info)

Update: influenza activity--worldwide, May-September 1999. (7/346)

In collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), the WHO international network of collaborating laboratories, and state and local health departments, CDC conducts surveillance to monitor influenza activity and to detect antigenic changes in the circulating strains of influenza viruses. From October 1998 through April 1999, influenza activity was moderate to severe in the Northern Hemisphere. Influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominated but influenza type B viruses were isolated more frequently than influenza A in some countries. Influenza A(H1N1) viruses were isolated from sporadic cases in Asia, Europe, and North America, and from outbreaks in South America. Since May 1999, influenza activity associated primarily with influenza A(H3N2) viruses has peaked and is declining in the Southern Hemisphere. This report summarizes worldwide influenza activity during May-September 1999 and the antigenic characteristics of influenza isolates collected during May-August 1999.  (+info)

Status of national diabetes programmes in the Americas. (8/346)

Reported are the responses in the latter half of 1997 of all ministries of health in the Region of the Americas to the Declaration of the Americas on Diabetes, which was adopted by the Directing Council of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in 1996 as a basis for national programme development in diabetes. The short-term targets were the designation of national focal points, the preparation of national estimates of the disease burden, and the development and implementation of national strategies and plans to deal with diabetes. The survey found that most countries recognized diabetes as a significant public health problem. In terms of global relevance, a number of lessons have been learned from this exercise: the role of broadly based participation in gaining recognition at the national health policy level; the wide acceptance of an integrated programme model; the relevance of process-related targets to achieve short-term success; and the critical role of having a designated focal point within the managerial approach.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Group-velocity tomography and lithospheric S-velocity structure of the South American continent. AU - Feng, Mei. AU - Assumpção, Marcelo. AU - Van der Lee, Suzan. PY - 2004/12/15. Y1 - 2004/12/15. N2 - The lithosphere of the South American continent has been studied little, especially in northern Brazil (the Amazonian region). A 3D lithospheric S-velocity model of South America was obtained by first carrying out Rayleigh and Love wave group-velocity tomography, and then inverting the regionalized dispersion curves. Fundamental mode group velocities were measured using a Multiple Filtering Technique. More than 12,000 paths were examined and about 6000 Rayleigh- and 3500 Love-wave dispersion curves with good quality were retrieved. Checkerboard tests showed that our dataset permits the resolution of features 400-800 km across laterally in the central part of the continent from crustal to upper mantle depths. Our results confirm previous tomographic results and correlate well with ...
Friedman paints a rather pessimistic picture of a future of exactly the same kind of nationalistic war that took up most of the 20th century. Ive never been comfortable with tub-thumping nationalism/patriotism as something to dictate beliefs and action. To me the future of the people living on Earth is as much about cultures, attitudes, and society as it is about the fight for power between specific nation states [1].. But states will remain the single most powerful entity on Earth over the next few decades, and as such it is worth thinking about which of them might gain greater influence in the future.. The central conclusion of Friedmans article is that they that control the North American continent, control the world as they will have access to both the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans as well as the vast wealth of the North American continent. As such he posits Mexico as a potential rival to US power. He also suggests that Japan might engage on further military ventures. Turkey may become ...
P gina 234 - God and one of another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. ...
The Kellogg Institute for International Studies, part of the University of Notre Dames new Keough School of Global Affairs, is an interdisciplinary community of scholars that promotes research, provides educational opportunities, and builds linkages related to democracy and human development.. ... offers a wide array of National Geographic maps, including the Eastern Hemisphere Wall Map, which are available in six different sizes and priced as low as $85. This map is laminated on both sides using 3mm hot lamination, which protects your map and allows you to write on it with dry-erase markers.
Extinct and vanishing mammals of the Western Hemisphere, with the marine species of all the oceans / by Glover M. Allen. - [Cambridge, Mass.], 1942 ...
Very good hardcover of the 1972 reprint of a work originally published in 1942. With the marine species of all the oceans. With b&w drawings by Earl L. Poole.
trivia 3/26 DID YOU KNOW... The Amazon Rain Forest produces half the worlds oxygen. 1. How many countries on the South American Continent are landlocked ? (Bonus: Name them) 2. What types of birds
Seventy-seven major components of the North American continent were delineated at a general scale (1:5,000,000); including the general composition, geological environment, and types of primary metals endowments that can be expected in each domain ...
Seventy-seven major components of the North American continent were delineated at a general scale (1:5,000,000); including the general composition, geological environment, and types of primary metals endowments that can be expected in each domain ...
HistoryTen thousand years ago, the last ice age receded from the northern half of the North American continent. The Minnesota River helped drain the g
but the virus would keep coming back year after year, popping out of its remote hiding places. And in the end, the only hope for eliminating human disease would rest with the invention of an effective vaccine and mass, routine vaccination of hundreds of millions of people across the Western Hemisphere. ...
FACT & CHALLENGE: No hospital in the western hemisphere has yet been certified MSC. It requires food management system traceability…are you game for national a…
Follow your heart but bring your brain along with you. Im sure all of us have heard that term one time or another in our lives. People say that but when you really think about it, thats not how most of us were taught in the west.(western hemisphere)
The GOES-R Series (a collaboration of NOAA and NASA) is the Western Hemispheres most advanced weather-monitoring satellite system.
Between April 25 and May 2, 2020, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and its partners will celebrate the 18th annual Vaccination Week in the Americas with the slogan
The elimination of industrially produced trans fatty acids (IP-TFA) is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) to prevent non communicable diseases, such as coronary heart disease. Increased intake of trans fat (|1% of total energy intake) is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease mortality and events. Trans-fatty acids (TFA) intake is responsible for more than 500,000 premature deaths from coronary heart disease each year around the world.
Pan American Health Organization; Pan American Health Organization (Washington, D.C; Pan American Health Organization, 1990-04-18) ...
On 5 October 2005, eight months prior to FDA approval of the HPV vaccine Gardasil, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO, a regional office of the World Health Organization) sponsored a meeting in Washington D.C. The theme of this meeting was, Partnering for HPV Vaccine Introduction. According to the final report issued after this meeting, its purpose was to, accelerate and strengthen the dialogue between invited partner agencies regarding their interests and plans related to the introduction of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines.. Of course, both potential vaccine suppliers, Merck and GlaxoSmithKline, were invited. In addition to the potential suppliers, representatives from the following partnering agencies were in attendance:. • The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). • The World Health Organization (WHO). • The International Union Against Cancer (UICC). • The American Cancer Society (ACS). • The United States Agency for International Development (USAID). • The ...
BOOKS AND REPORTS. Holzer JC, Kohn R, Recupero PR, Ellison JM (eds.): Geriatric Forensic Psychiatry: Principles and Practice. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018. Kohn R: Treatment Gap in the Americas, Technical Document. Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization, 2013. Rodríguez J, Kohn R, Aguilar-Gaxiola S (eds.): Epidemiology of Mental Illness in Latin America and the Caribbean [Epidemiología de los Trastornos Mentales en América Latina y el Caribe] Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization, 2009 (in Spanish). Mello Ade A, Mello MF, Kohn R (eds.): Epidemiology of Mental Health in Brazil [Epidemiologia da Saúde Mental no Brasil] São Paulo, Brazil: Artmed, 2007 (in Portuguese). Levav I, Kohn R, Flaherty J, Lerner Y, Aisenberg E: Research Report: Mental health attitudes and practices of Soviet immigrants. Jerusalem: Falk Institute for Mental Health and Behavioral Studies, 1989. JOURNAL ARTICLES AND BOOK CHAPTERS. Okpaku SO, Adeponle AB, Kohn R: Migration and psychosis, in ...
30 July, 2021 PAHO Director presents Annual Report at Organization of American States meeting Pan American Health Organization Director Dr. Carissa F.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Phylogeny of the Western Hemisphere Ozaenini (Coleoptera. T2 - Carabidae: Paussinae) based on DNA sequence data. AU - Moore, Wendy. PY - 2008/7/20. Y1 - 2008/7/20. N2 - Western Hemisphere species of bombardier beetles in the carabid tribe Ozaenini are distributed from southern Arizona and southern Texas to southern Chile, with more than 80% of described species being endemic to the tropics. Recent taxonomic works variously classify the 145 described species into six or 17 genera, indicating general disagreement on what constitutes natural lineages in the group. This study provides the first phylogenetic analysis of the Western Hemisphere Ozaenini using DNA sequence data from the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes. In the resulting trees, the following three suprageneric clades are supported by high bootstrap and posterior probability values: the Ozaena group (Ozaena Olivier + Platycerozaena Bänninger + Goniotropis Gray), the Tropopsis group (Tropopsis Solier + Entomoantyx Ball ...
To improve detection and management of the disease, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has published a new Guide for Diagnosis and Treatment of Chagas Disease.. ...
The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) works with the countries of the Americas to improve the health and quality of life of their populations. Founded in 1902, it is
WILLEMSTAD - The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in its recent epidemiological alert, calls on Member States to increase vigilance and establish/maintain the capacity to detect and confirm cases of Zika virus infection.. The Zika virus infection is spread via the vector Aedes mosquito which is also prevalent in the Caribbean and Curaçao.. The Department of Public Health (GGD), a department in the Ministry of Public Health, Social Development and Labor, is calling on the population to give the elimination of mosquito breeding grounds their urgent attention especially after the heavy rainfall in order to prevent the spread of mosquito-borne diseases such as Zika.. Zika virus is a member of the Flaviviridae family and is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. It is related to other pathogenic vector borne flaviviruses including dengue, West-Nile and Japanese encephalitis viruses but produces a comparatively mild disease in humans.. Since 2014, indigenous circulation of Zika has been detected ...
There are more than 200 million cases of malaria every year, causing almost 1 million deaths worldwide. In the Americas, the situation is improving but 284 million people continue to be at risk and hundreds of thousands still suffer from this preventable and curable disease.. Please join the Pan American Health Organization, Center for Global Health at George Washington University, the Global Health Network, and the Pan American Health and Education Foundation in commemorating World Malaria Day 2010 by celebrating the work of those who have chosen to become part of the solution for the challenge of malaria in the Americas. Witness the stories of the 2009 Malaria Champions of the Americas; understand the various dimensions of this menacing disease; and share the hope of Counting Malaria Out.. ...
CDC staff from the Division of Global Health Protection (DGHP) and Global Immunization Division (GID), along with partner organizations including the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), supported various aspects of the outbreak response. Colombia was able to harness multiple rapid response actions that were implemented across federal, departmental, and local public health entities.. With support from the World Health Organization (WHO), PAHO, and CDC, national rapid response workshops trained more than 100 officials from 32 departments on measles outbreak response. Vaccination stations also were set up on the border with Venezuela, and additional vaccinators were deployed in priority municipalities. In just one vaccination event conducted from May to July 2018, measles and other vaccinations were administered to 11,009 Venezuelan migrants at points of entry.. In addition, CDC, in collaboration with the U.S. Agency for International ...
Zika virus was recognised in 2016 as an important vector-borne cause of congenital malformations and Guillain-Barré syndrome, during a major epidemic in Latin America, centred in Northeastern Brazil. The WHO and Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO), with partner agencies, initiated a coordinated global response including public health intervention and urgent scientific research, as well as ethical analysis as a vital element of policy design. In this paper, we summarise the major ethical issues raised during the Zika epidemic, highlighting the PAHO ethics guidance and the role of ethics in emergency responses, before turning to ethical issues that are yet to be resolved ...
WHO/PAHO release - Health ministers from the Americas at the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Directing Council were briefed today on the Disease Control Priorities project, which outlines the best health investments to reduce the burden of disease in developing countries.
Dave Locke was not able to make the call so Ian covered C and Java Clients: - Ian and Dave are working minor bugs and suggestions. Please use the Paho Dev forum or Bugzilla to discuss these. - We discussed feedback that current committers and others at IBM, Eurotech and others familiar with MQTT design/usage need to try and get more involved in community. Nick OLeary, who has been engaged in the Eclipse and forums was on the call and made some comments later on in the call. - A Paho near term goal is to get up binary files in the Repository. - Ian is looking into the availability of code to test MQTT Client installations and ports. Feedback, participation and new contributions are welcome. It was suggested that a protocol level compatibility test suite for MQTT and its design points needs to be a Paho plan item. - Another item Ian is considering for Paho is an MQTT tracing program to monitor the interactions between the client and the server. - Andy Piper mentioned that the original ...
After being the first continent in the world declared free of measles in 2016, nine countries in the region have registered cases last year. With almost 900 cases, Venezuela was the most affected. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) warns that the countries of the region should intensify their efforts to immunize the population and stop the spread of the disease.
Though whooping cough may seem like an antiquated affliction, an estimated 50 million cases and 300,000 deaths still occur every year. Pertussis, as the disease is formally known, is a highly contagious disease marked by an intense cough that can last up to twelve weeks, and is regarded as a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries.. Sabin, in partnership with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), is working to assess and strengthen the laboratory capacity for diagnosis of pertussis in three countries; Argentina, Panama and Mexico. Currently, pertussis surveillance in most Latin American countries is based on outdated methods and materials, and an improvement in these techniques is key to guiding prevention and control strategies. The goal is to better understand the spread and impact of pertussis, in order to protect populations from this vaccine-preventable disease.. The project also provides ...
In January 2007, Sabin joined forces with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Harvard School of Public Health and the Institut Catala dOncologia (Barcelona, Spain) to conduct a comprehensive study of HPV epidemiological data in Latin America, in an attempt to address this alarming global health concern. This study, the first major assessment of HPV impact in the region, showed that the virus is far more common than anyone expected. It also effectively demonstrated that routine screening, along with vaccination, is the most promising way to tackle this disease. Differences in resources and available screening programs exist, making it difficult for each country to decide whether vaccination is affordable, even if it may be cost-effective. If these challenges could be addressed, researchers concluded that half a million cervical cancer deaths could be prevented over 10 years with the introduction of an HPV vaccine in the ...
The Ministry of Health, in collaboration with the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, is hosting a two-day National Workshop on Workers Health.. The workshop, which began yesterday (April 27), is being held under the theme Healthy Workplaces - Healthy Spaces - Healthy Workers at the Jamaica Conference Centre in downtown Kingston.. Bringing remarks at the opening, Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) Country Representative for Jamaica, Dr. Noreen Jack, said the discussions will be useful in getting recommendations for action in the workplace.. We expect to leave this meeting after reaching important consensus related to the design and implementation of the action plan, and (this) should allow us to address the social, environmental and economic determinants of workers health, close the gaps of inequalities they cause and boost prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) at the workplace, she said.. Minister of Labour and Social Security, ...
The cholera death toll is up to 7,155, with 543,042 infections over 586 days (and no UN apology so far), according to a new cholera counter created by advocacy group Just Foreign Policy.. Inter Press Jane Regan also writes that on May 1, OCHA put the national fatality rate at above three percent, the highest since the beginning of the outbreak. And the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) announced that between 200,000 and 250,000 more people will likely contract the disease during the course of 2012 - a figure also cited in a recent New York Times editorial that said the U.N. and the international community have a responsibility to meet the crisis head-on, to the tune of $800 million to $1.1 billion to build water and sanitation infrastructure (thus echoing the demands of the Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti, Rep. John Conyers - who is currently circulating a letter in Congress, and so many others).. Regan goes on to note a key factor that this blog, a feature New York ...
CIDRAP News) Global health officials responding to a quickly spreading cholera outbreak in Haiti say cases in the past few days have doubled, to 3,015, while deaths are up by about 100, to 253. The figures were published yesterday by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), which also reported that the disease is reaching new parts of the country. ...
CIDRAP News) Global health officials responding to a quickly spreading cholera outbreak in Haiti say cases in the past few days have doubled, to 3,015, while deaths are up by about 100, to 253. The figures were published yesterday by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), which also reported that the disease is reaching new parts of the country. ...
This publication explores organizational and technical aspects of radiology, analyzed within the context of the Pan American Health Organizations strategic and programmatic orientations for 1995-1998. PAHO Publications Catalog
This just arrived from the Pan American Health Organization: Epidemiological Alert: On Probable Influenza A(H1N1) 2009 Outbreaks (Published on 20 April 2011). Excerpt: Since the beginning of 2011, in the region of the Americas, there have been significant outbreaks of...
Every two seconds, somewhere in the world, a child dies before reaching its fifth birthday. Two probably died while you were reading that sentence.. An estimated 15 million children under 5 die each year, but world health authorities are zeroing in on another number, smaller but still huge. For them, the number 3.5 million is a symbol of both horror and hope.. That is how many children under age 5 die every year of diseases that are preventable by vaccines. Another 4 million to 5 million children die of fluid loss from diarrhea.. The numbers are staggering, said Dr. Ralph H. Henderson, director of the World Health Organizations program on immunization. Thats a childs death every time you take a breath.. Henderson and several dozen other doctors and health ministers from around the world spoke last week at the International Vaccine Symposium, a two-day conference of world health leaders at the Pan American Health Organization in Washington.. The World Health Organizations current effort ...
The Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization is publishing weekly counts of suspected and confirmed cases, by country and territory, as reported by each country. The data portal includes a few important notes: The suspected cases in Brazil are unofficial (media monitoring)
Haiti has launched a vaccination campaign against tetanus and the rotavirus that causes severe, fatal diarrhea in children under the age of 5. The campaign comes a year after the Michel Martelly administration launched a similar campaign against several childhood diseases, including measles and polio. Newly appointed director of the Pan American Health Organization Dr…
A 2014 study released by the Pan American Health Organization and World Health Organization says that 15 deaths on average occur from alcohol alone in Canada. Photo courtesy of Flickr. Dr. Sobey agrees, saying that the brains reward and inhibitory zones are the main contributors to an addiction. The inhibitory zone is controlled by the frontal lobes, which is an individuals knowledge and memory function. But it also tells us what we learn is appropriate and inappropriate, says Dr. Sobey.. The reward zone is part of the brain that focuses on reinforcement. Thats clearly the pleasure centre in the brain. So in a normal functioning brain, people who seek out food, procreation, sex and childhood care, it causes dopamine in the nucleus accumbens. In addition, there are certain people who are genetically predisposed who develop too much dopamine production in the nucleus accumbens, says Dr. Sobey. They drink alcohol, they experience extreme pleasure it turns off the frontal lobes so that they ...
PAN AMERICAN CLIPPERS. The Golden Age of Flying Boats. 2nd Edition Revised & Expanded.. The photographs and artwork will enable readers to grasp the magnificence of the transoceanic flying boats...The accurate, authoritative text will provide information that is new to all but the exceptionally well-informed aviation buff and nonspecialist historian. For a world recovering from the Great Depression, the Pan American Airways Clipper symbolized luxury, adventure and a brighter future. Illustrated with rare period photographs, vintage travel posters, magazine ads and colorful company brochures, Pan American Clippers covers all aspects of the Golden Age of Pan Americans graceful flying boats.. This edition has an additional 16 pages to add more historical and current information and provide additional detail and context to the historical importance of the flying boats.. Including: . Pan Ams Art Deco terminals,. . The fate of the last Pan Am Clippers and where to see the survivor. . The Foynes ...
In the foreword of this book, Professor Hoeppli gives his motivation and approach to the study of the parasitic diseases in Africa and the Western Hemisphere as follows:
10th YEAR PACIFIC-ALASKA DIVISION Pa/v Am/ifCA/v World Alruavs PACIFIC-ALASKA DIVISION WLÍPPPP 17th Year Pan American World Airways VOL. 3, No. 17 PUBLISHED BY THE EMPLOYES OF PAN AMERICAN WORLD AIRWAYS JUNE 15, 1945 PHONE FUND CAMPAIGN ENDS The Panair Club expresses appreciation to everyone for the sincere interest and financial support that has been given the Phone Fund. This Fund has enabled many seriously wounded service men returning on PAA aircraft to hear the voices of their wives and relatives in all parts of the United States immediately upon arrival. Glowing letters in praise of the PAA employees for providing this welcomed service have been received from the veterans. However, sufficient money is available in the Fund now to continue operation for the next few months and, consequently, no more donations will be accepted for the present. GO EAST, YOUNG MAN The advance guard of the Junior Pilots who are leaving this week for the Latin American Division are R. F. Child, W. W. Salter, ...
This publication is a compilation of guidelines designed to provide caregivers with appropriate direction regarding optimal feeding of infants and young children. PAHO Publications Catalog
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The gaps in the archipelago of Central America filled in with material eroded off North America and South America, plus new ... Speakers of English generally refer to the landmasses of North America and South America as the Americas, the Western ... ISBN 978-0-618-83595-9. Western Hemisphere The half of the earth comprising North America, Central America, and South America ... North and South America). Latin America and Central America are generally referred to as Latijns Amerika and Midden-Amerika ...
The Americas Society, together with Council of the Americas, produces the publication Americas Quarterly, a policy journal for ... The Americas Society is an organization dedicated to education, debate, and dialogue on the Americas. It is located at 680 Park ... The Americas Society produces the MetLife Music of the Americas (concert series) to showcase the diversity of styles and genres ... The Americas Society also published Review: Literature and Arts of the Americas founded in 1968. Review is an English-language ...
... on the IFAF Website v t e v t e (International Federation of American Football, IFAF Americas, Pan-American ... IFAF Americas is the federation that governs the sport of American football in the Americas and qualifies teams from North ... America, Central America, the Caribbean and South America in the IFAF World Cup. It replaced the Pan American Federation of ...
I spoke often of the two Americas: the America of the privileged and the wealthy, and the America of those who lived from ... Two Americas is a phrase used by Martin Luther King Jr. in his speech "The Other America" to describe the differences in what ... In this America millions of work-starved men walk the streets daily in search for jobs that do not exist. In this America ... One America is beautiful for situation. And, in a sense, this America is overflowing with the milk of prosperity and the honey ...
The Americas Nines is a rugby league nines competition staged by the Canada Rugby League and was founded in 2018. The first ... "Inaugural Americas Nines tournament in Toronto , Rugby League Planet". (Rugby league nines, Rugby league in Canada, 2019 in ...
The Americas Challenge is a curling challenge held by the World Curling Federation between teams in its Americas zone. The ... Americas Challenge, International curling competitions, International sports championships in the Americas, Curling ... and only takes place when a team in the Americas zone challenges the second-ranked Americas team in that year's World Curling ... "Three teams set to battle in America's Challenge". World Curling Federation. November 13, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2018. ( ...
... , also known as 1177 Avenue of the Americas, is a 50-story, 692-foot (211 m) skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan, New ... "Americas Tower". Archived from the original on February 20, 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2008. "Americas Tower". ... "Weather Channel Signs New Lease at 1177 Avenue of the Americas". JLL. Retrieved April 3, 2017. "Kramer Levin Renews, Reduces at ... "The Midtown Book: 1177 Avenue of the Americas". The City Review. Archived from the original on January 30, 2008. Retrieved ...
Americas Under-18 Championship FIBA Americas Under-18 Championship for Women FIBA Americas Under-16 Championship FIBA Americas ... The current FIBA Americas President is Carol Callan of the United States. FIBA AmeriCup (formerly known as the FIBA Americas ... FIBA Americas is responsible for the organization and governance of the major international tournaments in the Americas. It has ... for Women FIBA South America Under-21 Championship FIBA South America Under-21 Championship for Women FIBA South America Under- ...
310 Million Americas II Supply Contract press release from Tyco International April 1998 Embratel Inaugurates Americas II Cable ... AMERICAS-II consists of three interconnected rings (North, South, and West Systems), each operating at 2.5 gigabits per second ... AMERICAS-II is a fiber optic submarine communications cable that carries telecommunications between Florida, the U.S. Virgin ... 2000 establishments in North America, 2000 establishments in South America). ...
... is an anthology of alternate history science fiction short stories edited by Gregory Benford and Martin H. ... Alternate Americas title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (1992 anthologies, Science fiction anthologies, ... Alternate Americas (Bantam Spectra/SFBC, December 1992). The book collects fourteen novellas, novelettes and short stories by ...
... (AQ) is a publication dedicated to politics, business and culture in the Americas. AQ has an established ... The 2014 Social Inclusion Index generated press coverage both in the U.S. and throughout Latin America. "About". Americas ... the Americas Society/Council of the Americas (AS/COA) and Control Risks, the consulting firm specializing in global risks, ... "The Index shows in detail how the anti-corruption wave that was advancing in Latin America a few years ago has lost steam and, ...
... (OTC Pink: DKAM) is a beverage distribution company based out of Wilton, Connecticut. Drinks Americas Holdings ... Drinks Americas Holdings. "Drinks Americas Rheingold Beer Continues Expansion". "CNN Larry King Live: Interview With Donald ... "Drinks Americas Holdings, LTD. (DKAMD.OB) Adds Former Coca Cola Executive as an Advisor - International Business Times". ... Drinks Americas currently holds trademarks on the following products: TKO, Success Distilled, Trumptini, Cohete, and those ...
... is a Western Hemisphere tall ship race founded in 1992 as a non-profit association of volunteers from the ... The second Americas' Sail race was run in 1998, with a route between Savannah, Georgia, Greenport (Suffolk County) and Glen ... "Americas' Sail 2002 Comes to Jamaica in June" Americas' Sail '98 more than just a ... List of tall ships Business Wire - " ...
Subsequently, Americas Petrogas entered into a joint venture with ExxonMobil on 4 of its 9 shale blocks with Americas Petrogas ... "Americas Petrogas". LinkedIn. "Barclay Hambrook, CEO, Americas Petrogas". Oil Council. Archived from the original on 8 August ... "Americas Petrogas Announces Name Change to GrowMax Resources Corp" (Press release). Marketwired. August 4, 2016. "Americas ... "Americas Petrogas". Google. Google Finance. Retrieved 22 June 2014. "Bayovar concessions granted to Americas Petrogas' ...
On September 28, 2010, 3G Americas announced the organization's name change to 4G Americas. 4G Americas works throughout the ... "3G Americas broadens mission, becomes 4G Americas", "Fierce Wireless", September 28, 2010. Pearson, Chris. "Reality Check: ... 4G Americas is a wireless industry trade association representing the 3GPP family of technologies. The organization was ... 4G Americas works with government agencies, regulatory bodies, technical standards organizations and other global wireless ...
... the continent of America includes Northern America, Central America, the Caribbean and South America. United States of America- ... North America and South America. The Americas are also considered to be a single continent named America in parts of Europe, ... Central America-the narrow southern portion of mainland North America connecting with South America, extending from the Isthmus ... British America-former designation for British possessions in the Americas. British North America-former designation for ...
... at Other Americas title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Street Meat title ... Other Americas is a collection of science fiction stories by author Norman Spinrad. It was originally published by Bantam ...
"ICC announces Americas Regional team" - ICC Americas. Retrieved 11 October 2015. Women's Americas Championship 2007 - ... located in Northern America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean, and is responsible for the development, ... ICC Americas is an international body which oversees cricket in countries in the Americas. It is a subordinate body to the ... It is unclear if Cuba remains a formal member of ICC Americas. The short-lived Cricket Council of the Americas (CCAM) was ...
In the late 1980s and early 1990s COPABE concentrated on developing tournaments at the youth level all over the Americas. World ... The WBSC Americas, formerly known as Pan American Baseball Confederation (COPABE, Spanish: Confederación Panamericana de ... Talks of the need of a baseball confederation in the Americas sparked with the founding of the Confederation of European ... Americas Latin American Series Caribbean Series South American Baseball Championship "The WBSC World Ranking". WBSC. 31 ...
... 5 → Galaxy 25 Telstar 6 → Intelsat Americas 6 → Galaxy 26 Telstar 7 → Intelsat Americas 7 → Galaxy 27 Telstar ... Intelsat Americas, was the re-designation given to the several Telstar satellites serving North America following their sale to ... 8 → Intelsat Americas 8 → Galaxy 28 Telstar 13 → Intelsat Americas 13 → Galaxy 23 Intelsat Americas 9, while under construction ...
"Americas Cardroom to host poker cash game in Costa Rica". 21 September 2018. "Anarchy at Americas Cardroom as ... Americas Cardroom is a US-themed online poker site founded in 2001 and headquartered in San José, Costa Rica. The company ... In October 2011, Americas Cardroom acquired Doyles Room, the online poker site named after Doyle Brunson, a poker professional ... In April 2019, Americas Cardroom and its parent the Winning Poker Network took "transparent action" against bots, confirming ...
On March 4, 2021, it was announced that a new studio show, Fútbol Americas, would first air on March 8, 2021. Fútbol Americas ... Fútbol Americas is a TV show that is streaming exclusively on ESPN+. It is hosted by Sebastian Salazar and Herculez Gomez. ... Talk, World Soccer (2021-03-08). "Futbol Americas premieres on ESPN+ with focus on U.S. and Mexican soccer". World Soccer Talk ... "Exclusively on ESPN+: Futbol Americas Premieres March 8". ESPN Press Room U.S. 2021-03-04. Retrieved 2021-06-03. ...
The French in the West Indies (1971). Portals: Politics France South America North America (Articles to be expanded from March ... leading to the development of the Jesuit missions in North America. The efforts of the Jesuits in North America were paralleled ... France-Americas relations started in the 16th century, soon after the discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus, and ... The Americas were not a priority concern. French relations with the New World suddenly became of great importance, in the ...
"America's Challenge 2018". "Americas Challenge Men: Teams". "Americas Challenge Men: Teams". (All articles with bare URLs for ... The 2017 Americas Challenge was a curling challenge taking place from January 27 to 29 at the Duluth Curling Club in Duluth, ... The challenge round was held to determine which nation would qualify for the last Americas Zone spot at the 2017 Ford World ... The World Curling Federation allots two spots at the World Men's Curling Championship to the Americas Zone, which are normally ...
... may refer to: 2018 Americas Challenge (January) 2018 Americas Challenge (November) This disambiguation ... page lists articles associated with the title 2018 Americas Challenge. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change ...
The WWL Americas Championship (Campeonato de Las Américas de la WWL in Spanish) is a professional wrestling championship ... During the first week of January 2019, "El Hombre Bestia" Enyel defended the WWL Americas Championship in appearances for Bronx ...
... nameplates in North America. In South America, the sixth generation Fairlane was marketed through 1981; Ford Australia used the ... The Ford Fairlane is an automobile model that was sold between the 1955 and 1970 model years by Ford in North America. Taking ... ISBN 978-0-7864-3229-5. "Six Decades of Best-Sellers - How America's Best-Selling Car has Changed - Motor Trend". Archived from ...
The ICC Americas Championship is a one-day cricket tournament organised by ICC Americas for non-Test national cricket teams in ... However, this is the 7th edition of the ICC Americas Championship. The 2011 Americas Division Three was held 13-20 March in ... Brazil won the tournament, remaining undefeated, and qualified for 2010 Americas Division Two. The 2010 Americas Division Two ... Webarchive template wayback links, ICC Americas Championship, Cricket in the Americas, Recurring sporting events established in ...
Source: BCL Americas Source: BCL Americas Source: BCL Americas Source: BCL Americas The playoffs, also called the Final Eight, ... "Basketball Champions League Americas groups and schedule confirmed". Retrieved 2 October 2019. "Minas y Obras ... The 2021 Basketball Champions League Americas season was the 14th edition of the top-tier level professional club basketball ... A total of 12 teams from 6 countries participated in the 2020-21 Basketball Champions League Americas. League positions after ...
... (acronym: APC; Spanish: Comité Paralímpico de Américas ; Portuguese: Comitê Paralímpico das ... 2010 Americas Paralympic Committee Official Website (Webarchive template wayback links, Articles containing Spanish-language ... "Americas Paralympic Committee - About us". Retrieved September 5, 2015. National Paralympic Committees (NPCs), International ...
Everyone knows someone with arthritis. It is a leading cause of disability, and causes pain, aching, stiffness, and swelling of the joints, but is not a normal part of aging.
The State of Americas Children 2020 - Child PovertyBen Dawson2021-05-03T21:10:16-05:00 Find the latest version of this report ... Immigrant Children are Americas Children: Poverty. Maria is a proud mom of two teens, a son and a daughter. Shes a hard ... CHILDREN IN AMERICA LIVE IN POVERTY-. MAKING THEM THE POOREST AGE GROUP. IN THE COUNTRY. ... Children remain the poorest age group in America. Nearly 1 in 6 lived in poverty in 2018-nearly 11.9 million children (see ...
SHAPE America sets the national standards for physical education and best practices and guidelines that define highly-effective ... Job Openings at SHAPE America SHAPE America Announces Establishment of the Chuck and Cathie Corbin Equity, Diversity and ... SHAPE America Calendars. New! Mind & Body Calendars. The new Elementary and Secondary Mind & Body Calendars have various daily ... SHAPE America envisions a nation where all children are prepared to lead healthy, physically active lives through health and ...
Americas Customers Procurement Analyst will have a direct interface to the finance team to ensure value delivery is being ... The Americas Customers Procurement Analyst role is part of dynamic regional procurement team that is partnering with our ...
Americas Best Idea is story of an idea as American as the Declaration of Independence and just as radical. Full documentary by ... The National Parks: Americas Best Idea is a six-episode series produced by Ken Burns and Dayton Duncan and written by Dayton ... The National Parks: Americas Best Idea is nonetheless a story of people: people from every conceivable background - rich and ... In the early 20th century, America has a dozen national parks, but they are a haphazard patchwork of special places under ...
Autor desconhecido (‎1984)‎. Dengue in the Americas, 1983.. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. ...
Factors related to health and social well-being are associated with higher rates of suicide mortality in the Americas, ... "In the region of the Americas, the suicide mortality rate has been increasing, whereas in all other World Health Organization ... "By identifying those contextual factors associated with the suicide mortality rates in the Americas, we are essentially ... Cite this: Contextual Factors Are Associated With Suicide Mortality in the Americas - Medscape - Mar 06, 2023. ...
A look at the deep fractures within America and what it might take to mend them ... Making America Again A look at the deep fractures within America and what it might take to mend them ... Americas Plastic Hour Is Upon Us The country is at a low point. But we may be on the cusp of an era of radical reform that ... America Needs a Rebirth of Public Service We need every ounce of talent and energy to not only rebuild but reinvent our society ... ...
Aside from length, the greatest difficulty in adapting "Angels in America" for the screen-the small screen, at that-is ... There is wide agreement, and no compelling counterargument, that Tony Kushners "Angels in America" is the most important play ... To get the most out of the film, watch it with friends; "Angels in America" calls for celebration. ♦ ...
Mathematical Association of America Honors Members with Service Awards WASHINGTON, DC (July 27th, 2020) Mathematical ... Mathematical Association of America Honors Members with Service Awards WASHINGTON, DC (July 27th, 2020) Mathematical ... Mathematical Association of America. P: (800) 331-1622. F: (240) 396-5647. Email:[email protected] ... Mathematical Association of America. 11 Dupont Circle NW. Washington, D.C. 20036-1358 ...
Mission Statement: The American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs promotes rational therapy and disease management within the discipline of cardiology by providing a regular program of independent review articles covering all aspects of the management of cardiovascular disorders, particularly the place in therapy of newer and established agents and procedures. ...
If you have never given birth before, you may think you will just know when the time comes. In reality, it is not always easy to know when you are going into labor. The steps leading up to labor can drag
PEN America: Arrest of Protesters in Georgia on Broad and Vaguely-Worded Domestic Terrorism Charges Could Chill the Right to ... PEN America Los Angeles. 1370 N. St Andrews Place. Los Angeles, CA 90028. T (323) 424-4939 ... PEN America. 588 Broadway, Suite 303. New York, NY 10012. T (212) 334-1660 F (212) 334-2181 ... PEN America Washington, D.C.. 1100 13th Street NW, Suite 800. Washington, D.C. 20005. ...
Hands-On: ,cite,Rhythm Heaven,/cite, Coming to America, Awesome. LOS ANGELES - Nintendo always makes some stealth announcement ... Either way, you should buy this when it comes out in America, whenever that is. ...
The Suzuki Association of the Americas improves the quality of life in the Americas through Suzuki education. We create a ... Suzuki Association of the Americas is a 501 (c)(3) • Privacy Policy • Terms of Use • Site Map • ©2023 ... The Suzuki Association of the Americas, Inc. is the organization officially licensed by the International Suzuki Association to ... and others who are dedicated to making music and early childhood education available to all children throughout the Americas ...
The next generation of politicians is already here. Two millennial presidents and scores of legislators, mayors and governors are showing that the change of the guard has already started. What will this new generation bring to the table? ...
Albeit imperfect, Uruguay consistently outranks its peers in Latin America when it comes to the quality of its democracy and ...
United states of america definition, official name of the United States. Abbreviations: U.S.A., USA See more. ... It would became one of the first great mysteries in the United States of America, as it was only then 23 years old. ... functioning as singular or plural) a federal republic mainly in North America consisting of 50 states and the District of ... As there are still many varieties of the plant grown in America, so there doubtless was when cultivated by the Indians. ...
Democrats hemorrhaging Black America support in US cities By Kerry J. Byrne and Social Links for Kerry J. Byrne * View Author ... "Black America is wising up to [Democrat failures] and the question now is whether or not it is too late," said conservative ... commentator Candace Owens, noting that "every single metric is worse for black America under a Biden presidency than under a ...
It looks like you are accessing Blackboard from the North America region. Please help us direct you. ...
By signing up to the SPIN Weekly newsletter you agree to receive electronic communications from SPIN that may sometimes include advertisements or sponsored content.. ...
"America SCORES is honored to be named Sports Business Journals 2022 Celebration of Service Award winner and to join the ... America SCORES believes that every child deserves equitable access to quality sport experiences. Through our free school-based ...
EY Americas Vice Chair of the Office of Strategic Execution, based in Boston. ... EY Americas Vice Chair of the Office of Strategic Execution Strategy advisor providing insights and clarity into complex ... Jim is currently the Americas Vice Chair of the Office of Strategic Execution, after holding the role of Global EY-Parthenon ...
Kaunakakai - Molokai (United States of America) weather. Find a forecast. Search for a place, autocomplete also includes a Use ...
Ghost Towns of America: Cahaba, Alabama. Cahaba lay in a bend where two major rivers, the Alabama River and the Cahaba River, ...
These Are the Most Expensive Small Towns in America. Two are located in Colorado.. By Jessica Poitevien. ...
  • It looks like you are accessing Blackboard from the North America region. (
  • Sara Rivers-Cofield has something a little unsavory sitting on her desk: a fragile, round-tipped sheath dug out of an abandoned well that she thinks could be the oldest surviving condom in North America. (
  • North America is a dynamic migration region, with the United States home to more immigrants than any other country in the world, the Mexico-U.S. corridor the globe's top migration corridor, and Canada a leading destination for migrants. (
  • Within the Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art's universal collection, the Art of the Americas is the largest in scope and broadly represents the artistic development of the indigenous communities from the twentieth and twenty-first centuries in North America, with limited representation from Central and South America. (
  • The French language has historically played a significant role in North America and retains a distinctive presence in some regions. (
  • Socially and culturally, North America presents a well-defined entity. (
  • Spanish-speaking North America shares a common past as former Spanish colonies. (
  • Five years ago, millions of sea stars off the west coast of North America were killed by a mysterious virus that. (
  • A historic climate boundary which marks the division between the humid eastern region of North America and the. (
  • New genetic evidence suggests that all people of Native or indigenous descent in North America are descendants. (
  • Archaeologists have confirmed only one site in North America with evidence of Viking inhabitants, but new discoveries. (
  • [5] The organizing principles of the society were the enhancement of the study of plants in North America and to professionalize such efforts. (
  • But while planning a trip through New Hampshire, I consulted a guidebook and learned that here, in the southeast corner of the state just a few miles from Massachusetts, is located "possibly the oldest megalithic complex in North America, and one of the most important archeological sites in the Western Hemisphere. (
  • North America belongs to the most urbanized parts of the world. (
  • Throughout North America, BASF Corporation operates more than 100 production and research and development sites as well as Verbund sites in Geismar, Louisiana and Freeport, Texas. (
  • As caches of Clovis tools were uncovered across North America over subsequent decades, nearly all archaeologists signed on to the idea that the Clovis people were the first Americans. (
  • In contrast to her male colleagues who were also dismissed in 1933, she committed herself to psychiatry after her arrival in North America and belonged to the early campaigners for the rights of homosexuals. (
  • The Suzuki Association of the Americas, Inc. is the organization officially licensed by the International Suzuki Association to support, guide, and promote Suzuki education in North, Central, and South America. (
  • South America lies to the southeast. (
  • ARCHAEOLOGY TEACHES US THAT THE vast, inviting, resource-rich continents of North and South America were among the very last places on earth to have been inhabited by human beings. (
  • You're continuing to another website that Bank of America doesn't own or operate. (
  • To learn more about relationship-based ads, online behavioral advertising and our privacy practices, please review Bank of America Online Privacy Notice and our Online Privacy FAQs . (
  • Erica now includes more ways to quickly answer your questions, including a live chat with a Bank of America specialist. (
  • Erica is able to consider a range of data within Bank of America, like your cash flow, balances, transaction history and upcoming bills, to help you stay on top of your finances. (
  • Erica learns from the conversations with you and other Bank of America customers and has a dedicated team that's continually working to expand the capabilities offered. (
  • The market's latest selloff has taken a toll on banks, in particular Bank of America (ticker: BAC). (
  • the countries of Central America and the Caribbean are at various levels of development. (
  • Much of Central America and the Caribbean have similar seasonal rainfall patterns with a dry season that historically starts around December-January. (
  • Explore the many Historic Hotels of America that either played a significant role in the Civil War or have paid tribute to that period. (
  • Historic Hotels of America is the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation for recognizing and celebrating the finest Historic Hotels. (
  • The Peregrine Omaha Downtown, Curio Collection by Hilton-a member of Historic Hotels of America since 2022-dates back to 1912. (
  • America SCORES is honored to be named Sports Business Journal's 2022 Celebration of Service Award winner and to join the distinguished list of past winners who use sport as a vehicle to drive social change. (
  • The Los Angeles Agreement on Migration and Protection signed by leaders from 20 countries across the Western Hemisphere at the 2022 Summit of the Americas marks a significant step forward in creating a common language and a coherent set of ideas for more cooperatively managing migration movements across a region that has seen very significant mobility in recent years, as this commentary explains. (
  • WASHINGTON, DC (July 27th, 2020) The Mathematical Association of America (MAA) is pleased to recognize Dr. William. (
  • WASHINGTON, DC (July 27th, 2020) Mathematical Association of America members receive service awards for their. (
  • Am J Obstet Gynecol;223(3): 433.e1-433.e14, 2020 09. (
  • Dengue in the Americas, 1983. (
  • mosquitoes are found throughout much of the Americas, including parts of the United States, and also transmit dengue and chikungunya viruses. (
  • Currently, only yellow fever and dengue vaccines are licensed in the Americas, with several candidate vaccines in clinical trials. (
  • For several decades, the Americas have observed an increasing trend in dengue incidence, evolving from low to hyperendemicity, with epidemics recurring approximately every 3 to 5 years. (
  • The term Anglo-America is used to refer to the anglophone countries of the Americas: namely Canada (where English and French are co-official) and the United States, but also sometimes Belize and parts of the Caribbean. (
  • Today, America's image as a defender of democracy and justice has been further eroded by the School of the Americas (SOA), which trains Latin American and Caribbean military officers and soldiers to subvert democracy and kill hope in their own countries. (
  • The Americas region comprises Credit Suisse's operations in the US, Canada, the Caribbean and Latin America. (
  • In 2015, The Caribbean Hub and the USDA Foreign Agriculture Service hosted the Climate Hub in the Americas workshop , which was attended by agricultural representatives from seven Central American countries as well as international non-profit organizations, university faculty, and agricultural officials from Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. (
  • modeling studies estimate as many as 53.8 million DENV infections in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2010, including 13.3 million symptomatic infections-way above the numbers reported to PAHO. (
  • The PGA of America is one of the world's largest sports organizations, composed of PGA Professionals who work daily to grow interest and participation in the game of golf. (
  • The late oil baron J. Paul Getty's formula for success is working rather well for America, which may already have surpassed Russia as the world's largest producer of oil and gas (see article ). (
  • New ideas, new connections and plenty of inspiration are waiting for you at SHAPE America's national, regional and online events, including the SHAPE America National Convention & Expo. (
  • By signing this I understand that I am entering into an agreement with America's Big Sister Organization as an Employee, Volunteer, or Mentor. (
  • tags: Purpur Clematis, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, travel, nature, flowers, image of the day, photography Purpur Clematis (Clematis species) Image: GrrlScientist, 14 July 2010 [larger view] Some of the lovely purple clematis that are growing at the Vietnamese Restaurant near where I live in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (
  • Nordwestzentrum open air market, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (
  • Image: GrrlScientist, 14 April 2010 [larger view] This is a busker whom I photographed at Hauptwache train station in downtown Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (
  • Americas Cardroom is one of the main poker websites in the world, offering massive poker tournaments with incredible guaranteed prize pools. (
  • Impossible to be part of this system any longer": die Vertreibung von Neurowissenschaftlerinnen und Neurowissenschaftlern aus Frankfurt am Main (1933-1939). (
  • We have five Regional Offices in Africa , Americas , Asia , Europe and Oceania . (
  • If we want to respond effectively to the increasingly large and increasingly desperate migration from Central America, then we must help make Central America a place that people don't need to flee simply to survive. (
  • President Joe Biden has made anti-corruption efforts a central piece of his administration's proposed U.S. Strategy for Addressing the Root Causes of Migration in Central America , and on Nov. 4, USAID announced a new $300 million initiative to work with local leaders to improve governance and fight corruption. (
  • The Americas Customers Procurement Analyst role is part of dynamic regional procurement team that is partnering with our Mobility & Convenience Retail Operating Organization (ROO) to support creating scaled, integrated and highly differentiated customer focused offer. (
  • Regional Office for the Americas (‎ World Health Organization. (
  • In May 2015, the World Health Organization reported the first local transmission of Zika virus in the Region of the Americas (Americas), with autochthonous cases identified in Brazil ( 4 ). (
  • By January 20, 2016, locally-transmitted cases had been reported to the Pan American Health Organization from Puerto Rico and 19 other countries or territories in the Americas* ( Figure ) ( 6 ). (
  • To do that I have to hit the back button, then with this dial thing I have to bump the dial up to get the top menu, turn the dial to get audio options, click the dial to select audio options, then turn the dial again to select satellite radio (vs. other choices like FM or AM) and then click the dial to select. (
  • Linklaters' lawyers have practiced in Latin America for decades and Linklaters was one of the first international firms to open an office in Brazil in 1997. (
  • For decades, scientists thought that the Clovis hunters were the first to cross the Arctic to America. (
  • The online poker industry's push to engage Twitch users is being taken up a level thanks to Americas Cardroom and a $75,000 cash giveaway. (
  • Americas Cardroom is aiming to find the next generation of talent with its $75,000 King of Twitch Poker contest. (
  • Announcing its latest innovation on September 30, Americas Cardroom said events will take place online between October and December. (
  • Per the rules, each Twitch celebrity will act as a figurehead for satellites running on Americas Cardroom. (
  • Americas Cardroom expects 120 players to make it through to the final, where the top finishers will take home a share of $75,000. (
  • Shortly before the Americas Cardroom announcement, PokerStars rolled out a unique product known as Chat Plays Poker . (
  • Americas Cardroom spokesperson, Michael Harris, believes the game-changing prize pool could unearth a new talent pool. (
  • Despite their not so fancy software, Americas Cardroom is around for ages together with the other big players in the field. (
  • From then on it continued under the name Americas Cardroom. (
  • Obviously, as the name suggests, Americas Cardroom has mainly focused on the USA poker market , but in recent years they have become very well known all over the world. (
  • Americas Cardroom is very beneficial for all players when it comes to poker bonus and promotions. (
  • The rake structure at Americas Cardroom is similar compared to top rooms. (
  • Americas Cardroom offers an appealing rakeback program for active players. (
  • We routinely had Latin American students at the School of the Americas (SOA) who were known human rights abusers, and it didn't make any difference to us. (
  • The Wilson Center's prestigious Latin American Program provides non-partisan expertise to a broad community of decision makers in the United States and Latin America on critical policy issues facing the Hemisphere. (
  • PHILADELPHIA , Oct. 28, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Medical Guardian announced today that it has acquired MedScope America Corporation to create one of the nation's top providers of personal emergency response systems (PERS). (
  • In this episode of the Wilson Center's Americas 360 podcast, our experts discuss the nearshoring potential of U.S. neighbors in the Americas, the progress made in this area since the IX Summit of the Americas, and the challenges faced by companies looking to relocate operations closer to home. (
  • Countries in the Northern Triangle region of Central America (El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras) have long struggled to contain the corrosive and dangerous effects of corruption. (
  • In El Salvador, in 1989, a Salvadoran army patrol executed six Jesuit priests as they lay face-down on the ground at Central America University. (
  • America is experiencing one of the greatest public health crises in its history with up to 110 million people potentially exposed to drinking water contaminated with per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, or PFAS. (
  • But like dozens of manufacturers and others across America interviewed for this story, his anger isn't directed at China, which he and others say is doing what it deems as necessary to boost its own people's prosperity. (
  • Or, to compare from the other perspective: how many French people in America can be truly happy with the bread, knowing what they've left behind? (
  • I feel fortunate that I have the privilege of pursuing an education , as I am fully aware that many people can't afford that luxury. (
  • I always thought the people in America knew English, were already Christians, and could afford the nice things in life like Whole Foods or the latest Apple watch. (
  • Along with most people in my economic situation, I believe I am living what is supposed to be the American dream. (
  • I am angry that the will of the American people is ignored on every issue imaginable. (
  • he also helped to kill off the reigning theory of how people got to the Americas. (
  • But findings over the past few years - and a re-examination of old ones, such as the mastodon rib - have shown conclusively that humans reached the Americas well before the Clovis people. (
  • In May 2015, the first local transmission of Zika virus in the Region of the Americas was reported in Brazil. (
  • The objectives of the Regional Meeting on the Regulation of Medical Devices were focused on strengthening the Regulatory Capacity of the NRAs (National regulatory authorities) of the Region of the Americas in the field of medical devices, through the establishment of strategies to achieve joint objectives, exchange of experiences and strengthening collaboration between countries. (
  • In light of the recent outbreaks in the Americas, the number of Zika virus disease cases among travelers visiting or returning to the United States is likely to increase. (
  • Peter Navarro, a professor of economics and public policy at the University of California, who correctly predicted the U.S. housing bust, predicts that the crash America faces if it neglects manufacturing for too long is 'going to be far worse. (
  • Show me an America made of apple pie and hot dogs, baseball and Chevrolet, and I won't recognize it. (
  • Dan Smyth is a poker media journeyman who politely reminds CardsChat readers that poker is played all around the world, not just America. (
  • The Botanical Society of America ( BSA ) represents professional and amateur botanists , researchers, educators and students in over 80 countries of the world. (
  • I am angry that the media has sold its soul to the evil forces running the world. (
  • I am angry that the world stands silently by while my government bombs foreign lands with weapons containing depleted uranium and the news magazines wonder on their front covers why lung cancer has increased six-fold in the last year. (
  • I am angry that the Constitution is routinely declared irrelevant making it easier for a fascist police state and new world order to take over. (
  • The energy boom is good for America and the world. (
  • Yet even if it were politically sensible for America to disengage from the world-which this newspaper does not believe it is-the economic logic is flawed. (
  • Visually exciting, at times hilarious and at times devastating, Athos in America will only add to Jason's well-deserved reputation as a star of the graphic novel world. (
  • [ 6 , 12-16 ] By late 2016, ZIKV transmission had extended to 48 countries and territories in the Americas, with a total of 707 133 reported cases. (
  • Once the decision came down around 7:10 AM local time, the networks wanted an immediate reaction. (
  • Much of my time in America is spent on the road, vacationing with my foreign-born wife to national parks and various cities and many obscure attractions. (
  • This greatly extended time frame, taking us back deep into the Ice Age, has profound implications for how we view, interpret, and date all the monuments of the Americas built before the time of Columbus. (
  • Vaccine introduction status in United States of America over time. (
  • Besides, it was standard teaching in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that the Americas-North, Central, and South-were among the last great landmasses on earth to be inhabited by humans, that these humans were nomadic hunter-gatherers, that most of them subsequently remained hunter- gatherers, and that nothing much of great cultural significance began to happen there until relatively recently. (
  • Persistent heavy rain in 2012 precipitated an outbreak of coffee rust in Central America that destroyed an estimated 20% of the region's crop, caused $1 billion in economic damages, and displaced thousands of workers. (
  • ZIKV, like CHIKV, had not previously circulated within the Western Hemisphere, and resulted in an explosive outbreak in the Americas, with its identification first on Easter Island, Chile, in 2014, followed by northeast Brazil in 2015, and then spreading throughout the Americas. (
  • The PGA of America is made up of nearly 29,000 PGA Professionals who are ready to help you further your love for the game of golf. (
  • Fracking has made gas extraordinarily cheap in America. (
  • Authorities say ISIS has made it to America. (
  • I came to this country as a small child from Uganda, naively unaware of the significance of my journey to America, the land of opportunity and possibilities. (
  • He offers a lucid, historically informed reading of the problems that beset America today, in a changed global economy that has adapted assembly-line technology to its advantage even as the American worker has been marginalized. (
  • Allow me to share with you some of the reasons why I am an angry American. (
  • Nye describes this evolution and the new global landscape of increasingly automated factories, with fewer industrial jobs in America and questionable working conditions in developing countries. (
  • The Global Arbovirus Group of Experts provides in this article an overview of progress, challenges, and recommendations on arboviral prevention and control for countries of the Americas. (
  • Subsequently, CHIKV spread pandemically at an unprecedented pace, reaching the Americas in 2013, rapidly resulting in more than 1.3 million infections reported in more than 43 countries. (
  • I had considered other possibilities, as readers of my previous books know, but I had to admit that an immense island lying far to the west of Europe across the Atlantic Ocean does sound a lot like America. (
  • SHAPE America offers a wide variety of professional development opportunities, including standards-based workshops, webinars, timely podcasts and events for preK-12 educators, college/university faculty, coaches and researchers. (
  • It would became one of the first great mysteries in the United States of America , as it was only then 23 years old. (
  • One hundred years of American botany: a short history of the Botanical Society of America. (
  • I am expected to believe that weapons of mass destruction threatened my freedom and then I am told several years and billions of squandered dollars later that a massive intelligence network got the wrong information. (
  • Far from being very recent, it is beginning to look as though the human presence in the Americas may be very old-perhaps more than 100,000 years older than has hitherto been believed. (
  • I am over 18 years old and agree to PokerListings Terms of Service and Privacy Policy . (
  • I am deeply grieved over this violence, which should have no place in our communities, our political process, or our great nation," said Archbishop José H. Gomez of Los Angeles. (