The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
WHO regional office for the Americas acting as a coordinating agency for the improvement of health conditions in the hemisphere. The four main functions are: control or eradication of communicable diseases, strengthening of national and local health services, education and training, and research.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A republic in the north of South America, east of VENEZUELA and west of SURINAME. Its capital is Georgetown.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
A mitosporic fungal genus. P. brasiliensis (previously Blastomyces brasiliensis) is the etiologic agent of PARACOCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A mycosis affecting the skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes, and internal organs. It is caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. It is also called paracoccidioidal granuloma. Superficial resemblance of P. brasiliensis to Blastomyces brasiliensis (BLASTOMYCES) may cause misdiagnosis.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
The area of those states which seceded in 1861 from the union of the United States of America. They include South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Several species are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Acute respiratory illness in humans caused by the Muerto Canyon virus whose primary rodent reservoir is the deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus. First identified in the southwestern United States, this syndrome is characterized most commonly by fever, myalgias, headache, cough, and rapid respiratory failure.
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.
The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A mosquito-borne viral illness caused by the WEST NILE VIRUS, a FLAVIVIRUS and endemic to regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Common clinical features include HEADACHE; FEVER; maculopapular rash; gastrointestinal symptoms; and lymphadenopathy. MENINGITIS; ENCEPHALITIS; and MYELITIS may also occur. The disease may occasionally be fatal or leave survivors with residual neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13; Lancet 1998 Sep 5;352(9130):767-71)
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
A subfamily of assassin bugs (REDUVIIDAE) that are obligate blood-suckers of vertebrates. Included are the genera TRIATOMA; RHODNIUS; and PANSTRONGYLUS, which are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, the agent of CHAGAS DISEASE in humans.
A French overseas department on the northeast coast of South America. Its capital is Cayenne. It was first settled by the French in 1604. Early development was hindered because of the presence of a penal colony. The name of the country and the capital are variants of Guyana, possibly from the native Indian Guarani guai (born) + ana (kin), implying a united and interrelated race of people. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p418 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p195)
A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE causing HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS, first identified during the Korean war. Infection is found primarily in rodents and humans. Transmission does not appear to involve arthropods. HANTAAN VIRUS is the type species.
The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.
Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
A genus of the subfamily SIGMODONTINAE consisting of 49 species. Two of these are widely used in medical research. They are P. leucopus, or the white-footed mouse, and P. maniculatus, or the deer mouse.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus. The severe form is characterized by fever, HEMOLYTIC JAUNDICE, and renal damage.
Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
A disease of the CARDIAC MUSCLE developed subsequent to the initial protozoan infection by TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI. After infection, less than 10% develop acute illness such as MYOCARDITIS (mostly in children). The disease then enters a latent phase without clinical symptoms until about 20 years later. Myocardial symptoms of advanced CHAGAS DISEASE include conduction defects (HEART BLOCK) and CARDIOMEGALY.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.
The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
A form of arboviral encephalitis (primarily affecting equines) endemic to eastern regions of North America. The causative organism (ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS, EASTERN EQUINE) may be transmitted to humans via the bite of AEDES mosquitoes. Clinical manifestations include the acute onset of fever, HEADACHE, altered mentation, and SEIZURES followed by coma. The condition is fatal in up to 50% of cases. Recovery may be marked by residual neurologic deficits and EPILEPSY. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp9-10)
Small, hairy, moth-like flies which are of considerable public health importance as vectors of certain pathogenic organisms. Important disease-related genera are PHLEBOTOMUS, Lutzomyia, and Sergentomyia.
Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.
A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans. The virus ranges along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States and Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Infections in horses show a mortality of up to 90 percent and in humans as high as 80 percent in epidemics.
Small solar system planetary bodies including asteroids. Most asteroids are found within the gap lying between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.
The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)
Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.
A family of the order DIPTERA with over 700 species. Important species that may be mechanical vectors of disease include Musca domesticus (HOUSEFLIES), Musca autumnalis (face fly), Stomoxys calcitrans (stable fly), Haematobia irritans (horn fly) and Fannia spp.
A species of ALPHAVIRUS that is the etiologic agent of encephalomyelitis in humans and equines. It is seen most commonly in parts of Central and South America.
The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)
A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.
A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE that is a source of TANNINS. Do not confuse with Holly (ILEX).
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
The type species of the FLAVIVIRUS genus. Principal vector transmission to humans is by AEDES spp. mosquitoes.
The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.
A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.
Several species of the genus Simulium (family Simuliidae) that act as intermediate hosts (vectors) for the parasitic disease ONCHOCERCIASIS.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Slow-moving exclusively arboreal mammals that inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
The dimension of the physical universe which, at a given place, orders the sequence of events. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
Termination of all transmission of infection by global extermination of the infectious agent through surveillance and containment (From Porta, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed).
A subfamily of the family MURIDAE comprised of 69 genera. New World mice and rats are included in this subfamily.
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
Infection with a fungus of the genus COCCIDIOIDES, endemic to the SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES. It is sometimes called valley fever but should not be confused with RIFT VALLEY FEVER. Infection is caused by inhalation of airborne, fungal particles known as arthroconidia, a form of FUNGAL SPORES. A primary form is an acute, benign, self-limited respiratory infection. A secondary form is a virulent, severe, chronic, progressive granulomatous disease with systemic involvement. It can be detected by use of COCCIDIOIDIN.
A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
Infections with viruses of the genus HANTAVIRUS. This is associated with at least four clinical syndromes: HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME caused by viruses of the Hantaan group; a milder form of HFRS caused by SEOUL VIRUS; nephropathia epidemica caused by PUUMALA VIRUS; and HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME caused by SIN NOMBRE VIRUS.
The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.
Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.
Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
Diseases of plants.
A plant genus of the family LYTHRACEAE that contains ALKALOIDS.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.

Measles eradication: experience in the Americas. (1/346)

In 1994, the Ministers of Health from the Region of the Americas targeted measles for eradication from the Western Hemisphere by the year 2000. To achieve this goal, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) developed an enhanced measles eradication strategy. First, a one-time-only "catch-up" measles vaccination campaign is conducted among children aged 9 months to 14 years. Efforts are then made to vaccinate through routine health services ("keep-up") at least 95% of each newborn cohort at 12 months of age. Finally, to assure high population immunity among preschool-aged children, indiscriminate "follow-up" measles vaccination campaigns are conducted approximately every 4 years. These vaccination activities are accompanied by improvements in measles surveillance, including the laboratory testing of suspected measles cases. The implementation of the PAHO strategy has resulted in a marked reduction in measles incidence in all countries of the Americas. Indeed, in 1996 the all-time regional record low of 2109 measles cases was reported. There was a relative resurgence of measles in 1997 with over 20,000 cases, due to a large measles outbreak among infants, preschool-aged children and young adults in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Contributing factors for this outbreak included: low routine infant vaccination coverage, failure to conduct a "follow-up" campaign, presence of susceptible young adults, and the importation of measles virus, apparently from Europe. PAHO's strategy has been effective in interrupting measles virus circulation. This experience demonstrates that global measles eradication is an achievable goal using currently available measles vaccines.  (+info)

Linguistic diversity of the Americas can be reconciled with a recent colonization. (2/346)

The Americas harbor a very great diversity of indigenous language stocks, many more than are found in any other continent. J. Nichols [(1990) Language 66, 475-521] has argued that this diversity indicates a great time depth of in situ evolution. She thus infers that the colonization of the Americas must have begun around 35,000 years ago. This estimate is much earlier than the date for which there is strong archaeological support, which does not much exceed 12,000 years. Nichols' assumption is that the diversity of linguistic stocks increases linearly with time. This paper compares the major continents of the world to show that this assumption is not correct. In fact, stock diversity is highest in the Americas, which are by consensus the youngest continents, intermediate in Australia and New Guinea, and lowest in Africa and Eurasia where the time depth is greatest. If anything, then, after an initial radiation, stock diversity decreases with time. A simple model is outlined that predicts these dynamics. It assumes that early in the peopling of continents, there are many unfilled niches for communities to live in, and so fissioning into new lineages is frequent. As the habitat is filled up, the rate of fissioning declines and lineage extinction becomes the dominant evolutionary force.  (+info)

Evolution and origins of tobamoviruses. (3/346)

More than a dozen tobamoviruses are known. In nature, each species probably survives by moving between several closely related host species. Each infected plant contains a population of variants, but in most host populations the tobamovirus population is stable. The phylogenetic relationships of tobamovirus species broadly correlate with those of their angiosperm hosts. The simplest explanation for this correlation is that they have coevolved with the angiosperms, and hence, like them, are about 120-140 million years old. Gene sequence differences between species also indicate that the tobamoviruses are an ancient genus. Their gene sequences, and the protein motifs they encode, link them to tobraviruses, hordeiviruses and soil-borne wheat mosaic virus, more distantly to the tricornaviruses, and even to hepatitis virus E and other furoviruses, rubiviruses and alphaviruses. Their progenitors may have been associated with charophycean algae, and perhaps also plasmodiophoromycete fungi.  (+info)

Interspecies transfer of female mitochondrial DNA is coupled with role-reversals and departure from neutrality in the mussel Mytilus trossulus. (4/346)

Mussels of the genus Mytilus have distinct and highly diverged male and female mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genomes with separate routes of inheritance. Previous studies of European populations of Mytilus trossulus demonstrated that 33% of males are heteroplasmic for a second mtDNA genome of increased length and that hybridization with Mytilus edulis does not block mtDNA introgression, in contrast to reports for American populations. Here, we demonstrate that the female mtDNA type of M. edulis has replaced the resident female mtDNA type of European M. trossulus. This is supported by COIII sequence data indicating that the female mtDNA of European M. trossulus is very similar to that of M. edulis and that in phylogenetic trees, the mtDNAs of these two species cluster together but separately from American M. trossulus sequences, the latter not being disturbed by introgressive hybridization. We also provide evidence that the mtDNA genome of increased length found in heteroplasmic males of European M. trossulus derives from a recent partition of an introgressed M. edulis female type into the male route of transmission. Neutrality tests reveal that European populations of M. trossulus display an excess of replacement polymorphism within the female mtDNA type with respect to conspecific American populations, as well as a significant excess of rare variants, of a similar magnitude to those previously reported for the invading European M. edulis mtDNA. Results are consistent with a nearly neutral model of molecular evolution and suggest that selection acting on European M. trossulus mtDNA is largely independent of the nuclear genetic background.  (+info)

Suicide, religion, and socioeconomic conditions. An ecological study in 26 countries, 1990. (5/346)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Relative risks are frequently assumed to be stable across populations but this may not apply in psychiatric epidemiology where sociocultural context may modify them. Such ecological effect modification will give curved associations between aggregated risk factor and outcome. This was examined in connection with the ecological association between suicide rates and an aggregate index of religiosity. DESIGN: Ecological study of associations between suicide rates and an index of religiosity, adjusted for socioeconomic variation. The effect of stratification of the study sample according to levels of religiosity, was examined. SETTING: 26 European and American countries. SUBJECTS: Interview data from 37,688 people aggregated by country. OUTCOME MEASURES: Age and sex specific (1986-1990) suicide rates. MAIN RESULT: Adjusted for socioeconomic variation, negative associations of male suicide rates with religiosity were apparent in the 13 least religious countries only (test for interaction F (1, 25) = 5.6; p = 0.026). Associations between religiosity and female suicide rates did not vary across countries. CONCLUSION: The bent ecological association was apparent only after adjustment for socioeconomic variation suggesting that, rather than confounding, ecological modification of individual level links between religion and male (but not female) suicide risk is the responsible mechanism. This concurs with micro-level findings suggesting that suicide acceptance depends not only on personal but also on contextual levels of religious belief, and that men are more sensitive to this phenomenon than women. In psychiatric epidemiology, relative risks vary with the exposure's prevalence. This has important implications for research and prevention.  (+info)

Genetic structure of natural populations of Escherichia coli in wild hosts on different continents. (6/346)

Current knowledge of genotypic and phenotypic diversity in the species Escherichia coli is based almost entirely on strains recovered from humans or zoo animals. In this study, we analyzed a collection of 202 strains obtained from 81 mammalian species representing 39 families and 14 orders in Australia and the Americas, as well as several reference strains; we also included a strain from a reptile and 10 from different families of birds collected in Mexico. The strains were characterized genotypically by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) and phenotypically by patterns of sugar utilization, antibiotic resistance, and plasmid profile. MLEE analysis yielded an estimated genetic diversity (H) of 0.682 for 11 loci. The observed genetic diversity in this sample is the greatest yet reported for E. coli. However, this genetic diversity is not randomly distributed; geographic effects and host taxonomic group accounted for most of the genetic differentiation. The genetic relationship among the strains showed that they are more associated by origin and host order than is expected by chance. In a dendrogram, the ancestral cluster includes primarily strains from Australia and ECOR strains from groups B and C. The most differentiated E. coli in our analysis are strains from Mexican carnivores and strains from humans, including those in the ECOR group A. The kinds and numbers of sugars utilized by the strains varied by host taxonomic group and country of origin. Strains isolated from bats were found to exploit the greatest range of sugars, while those from primates utilized the fewest. Toxins are more frequent in strains from rodents from both continents than in any other taxonomic group. Strains from Mexican wild mammals were, on average, as resistant to antibiotics as strains from humans in cities. On average, the Australian strains presented a lower antibiotic resistance than the Mexican strains. However, strains recovered from hosts in cities carried significantly more plasmids than did strains isolated from wild mammals. Previous studies have shown that natural populations of E. coli harbor an extensive genetic diversity that is organized in a limited number of clones. However, knowledge of this worldwide bacterium has been limited. Here, we suggest that the strains from a wide range of wild hosts from different regions of the world are organized in an ecotypic structure where adaptation to the host plays an important role in the population structure.  (+info)

Update: influenza activity--worldwide, May-September 1999. (7/346)

In collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), the WHO international network of collaborating laboratories, and state and local health departments, CDC conducts surveillance to monitor influenza activity and to detect antigenic changes in the circulating strains of influenza viruses. From October 1998 through April 1999, influenza activity was moderate to severe in the Northern Hemisphere. Influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominated but influenza type B viruses were isolated more frequently than influenza A in some countries. Influenza A(H1N1) viruses were isolated from sporadic cases in Asia, Europe, and North America, and from outbreaks in South America. Since May 1999, influenza activity associated primarily with influenza A(H3N2) viruses has peaked and is declining in the Southern Hemisphere. This report summarizes worldwide influenza activity during May-September 1999 and the antigenic characteristics of influenza isolates collected during May-August 1999.  (+info)

Status of national diabetes programmes in the Americas. (8/346)

Reported are the responses in the latter half of 1997 of all ministries of health in the Region of the Americas to the Declaration of the Americas on Diabetes, which was adopted by the Directing Council of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in 1996 as a basis for national programme development in diabetes. The short-term targets were the designation of national focal points, the preparation of national estimates of the disease burden, and the development and implementation of national strategies and plans to deal with diabetes. The survey found that most countries recognized diabetes as a significant public health problem. In terms of global relevance, a number of lessons have been learned from this exercise: the role of broadly based participation in gaining recognition at the national health policy level; the wide acceptance of an integrated programme model; the relevance of process-related targets to achieve short-term success; and the critical role of having a designated focal point within the managerial approach.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Group-velocity tomography and lithospheric S-velocity structure of the South American continent. AU - Feng, Mei. AU - Assumpção, Marcelo. AU - Van der Lee, Suzan. PY - 2004/12/15. Y1 - 2004/12/15. N2 - The lithosphere of the South American continent has been studied little, especially in northern Brazil (the Amazonian region). A 3D lithospheric S-velocity model of South America was obtained by first carrying out Rayleigh and Love wave group-velocity tomography, and then inverting the regionalized dispersion curves. Fundamental mode group velocities were measured using a Multiple Filtering Technique. More than 12,000 paths were examined and about 6000 Rayleigh- and 3500 Love-wave dispersion curves with good quality were retrieved. Checkerboard tests showed that our dataset permits the resolution of features 400-800 km across laterally in the central part of the continent from crustal to upper mantle depths. Our results confirm previous tomographic results and correlate well with ...
Friedman paints a rather pessimistic picture of a future of exactly the same kind of nationalistic war that took up most of the 20th century. Ive never been comfortable with tub-thumping nationalism/patriotism as something to dictate beliefs and action. To me the future of the people living on Earth is as much about cultures, attitudes, and society as it is about the fight for power between specific nation states [1].. But states will remain the single most powerful entity on Earth over the next few decades, and as such it is worth thinking about which of them might gain greater influence in the future.. The central conclusion of Friedmans article is that they that control the North American continent, control the world as they will have access to both the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans as well as the vast wealth of the North American continent. As such he posits Mexico as a potential rival to US power. He also suggests that Japan might engage on further military ventures. Turkey may become ...
P gina 234 - God and one of another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. ...
The Kellogg Institute for International Studies, part of the University of Notre Dames new Keough School of Global Affairs, is an interdisciplinary community of scholars that promotes research, provides educational opportunities, and builds linkages related to democracy and human development.. ...
Extinct and vanishing mammals of the Western Hemisphere, with the marine species of all the oceans / by Glover M. Allen. - [Cambridge, Mass.], 1942 ...
Very good hardcover of the 1972 reprint of a work originally published in 1942. With the marine species of all the oceans. With b&w drawings by Earl L. Poole.
trivia 3/26 DID YOU KNOW... The Amazon Rain Forest produces half the worlds oxygen. 1. How many countries on the South American Continent are landlocked ? (Bonus: Name them) 2. What types of birds
Seventy-seven major components of the North American continent were delineated at a general scale (1:5,000,000); including the general composition, geological environment, and types of primary metals endowments that can be expected in each domain ...
Seventy-seven major components of the North American continent were delineated at a general scale (1:5,000,000); including the general composition, geological environment, and types of primary metals endowments that can be expected in each domain ...
HistoryTen thousand years ago, the last ice age receded from the northern half of the North American continent. The Minnesota River helped drain the g
but the virus would keep coming back year after year, popping out of its remote hiding places. And in the end, the only hope for eliminating human disease would rest with the invention of an effective vaccine and mass, routine vaccination of hundreds of millions of people across the Western Hemisphere. ...
FACT & CHALLENGE: No hospital in the western hemisphere has yet been certified MSC. It requires food management system traceability…are you game for national a…
Follow your heart but bring your brain along with you. Im sure all of us have heard that term one time or another in our lives. People say that but when you really think about it, thats not how most of us were taught in the west.(western hemisphere)
Between April 25 and May 2, 2020, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and its partners will celebrate the 18th annual Vaccination Week in the Americas with the slogan
The elimination of industrially produced trans fatty acids (IP-TFA) is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) to prevent non communicable diseases, such as coronary heart disease. Increased intake of trans fat (|1% of total energy intake) is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease mortality and events. Trans-fatty acids (TFA) intake is responsible for more than 500,000 premature deaths from coronary heart disease each year around the world.
Pan American Health Organization; Pan American Health Organization (Washington, D.C; Pan American Health Organization, 1990-04-18) ...
On 5 October 2005, eight months prior to FDA approval of the HPV vaccine Gardasil, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO, a regional office of the World Health Organization) sponsored a meeting in Washington D.C. The theme of this meeting was, Partnering for HPV Vaccine Introduction. According to the final report issued after this meeting, its purpose was to, accelerate and strengthen the dialogue between invited partner agencies regarding their interests and plans related to the introduction of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines.. Of course, both potential vaccine suppliers, Merck and GlaxoSmithKline, were invited. In addition to the potential suppliers, representatives from the following partnering agencies were in attendance:. • The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). • The World Health Organization (WHO). • The International Union Against Cancer (UICC). • The American Cancer Society (ACS). • The United States Agency for International Development (USAID). • The ...
BOOKS AND REPORTS. Holzer JC, Kohn R, Recupero PR, Ellison JM (eds.): Geriatric Forensic Psychiatry: Principles and Practice. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018. Kohn R: Treatment Gap in the Americas, Technical Document. Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization, 2013. Rodríguez J, Kohn R, Aguilar-Gaxiola S (eds.): Epidemiology of Mental Illness in Latin America and the Caribbean [Epidemiología de los Trastornos Mentales en América Latina y el Caribe] Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization, 2009 (in Spanish). Mello Ade A, Mello MF, Kohn R (eds.): Epidemiology of Mental Health in Brazil [Epidemiologia da Saúde Mental no Brasil] São Paulo, Brazil: Artmed, 2007 (in Portuguese). Levav I, Kohn R, Flaherty J, Lerner Y, Aisenberg E: Research Report: Mental health attitudes and practices of Soviet immigrants. Jerusalem: Falk Institute for Mental Health and Behavioral Studies, 1989. JOURNAL ARTICLES AND BOOK CHAPTERS. Okpaku SO, Adeponle AB, Kohn R: Migration and psychosis, in ...
30 July, 2021 PAHO Director presents Annual Report at Organization of American States meeting Pan American Health Organization Director Dr. Carissa F.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Phylogeny of the Western Hemisphere Ozaenini (Coleoptera. T2 - Carabidae: Paussinae) based on DNA sequence data. AU - Moore, Wendy. PY - 2008/7/20. Y1 - 2008/7/20. N2 - Western Hemisphere species of bombardier beetles in the carabid tribe Ozaenini are distributed from southern Arizona and southern Texas to southern Chile, with more than 80% of described species being endemic to the tropics. Recent taxonomic works variously classify the 145 described species into six or 17 genera, indicating general disagreement on what constitutes natural lineages in the group. This study provides the first phylogenetic analysis of the Western Hemisphere Ozaenini using DNA sequence data from the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes. In the resulting trees, the following three suprageneric clades are supported by high bootstrap and posterior probability values: the Ozaena group (Ozaena Olivier + Platycerozaena Bänninger + Goniotropis Gray), the Tropopsis group (Tropopsis Solier + Entomoantyx Ball ...
To improve detection and management of the disease, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has published a new Guide for Diagnosis and Treatment of Chagas Disease.. ...
The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) works with the countries of the Americas to improve the health and quality of life of their populations. Founded in 1902, it is
WILLEMSTAD - The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in its recent epidemiological alert, calls on Member States to increase vigilance and establish/maintain the capacity to detect and confirm cases of Zika virus infection.. The Zika virus infection is spread via the vector Aedes mosquito which is also prevalent in the Caribbean and Curaçao.. The Department of Public Health (GGD), a department in the Ministry of Public Health, Social Development and Labor, is calling on the population to give the elimination of mosquito breeding grounds their urgent attention especially after the heavy rainfall in order to prevent the spread of mosquito-borne diseases such as Zika.. Zika virus is a member of the Flaviviridae family and is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. It is related to other pathogenic vector borne flaviviruses including dengue, West-Nile and Japanese encephalitis viruses but produces a comparatively mild disease in humans.. Since 2014, indigenous circulation of Zika has been detected ...
There are more than 200 million cases of malaria every year, causing almost 1 million deaths worldwide. In the Americas, the situation is improving but 284 million people continue to be at risk and hundreds of thousands still suffer from this preventable and curable disease.. Please join the Pan American Health Organization, Center for Global Health at George Washington University, the Global Health Network, and the Pan American Health and Education Foundation in commemorating World Malaria Day 2010 by celebrating the work of those who have chosen to become part of the solution for the challenge of malaria in the Americas. Witness the stories of the 2009 Malaria Champions of the Americas; understand the various dimensions of this menacing disease; and share the hope of Counting Malaria Out.. ...
CDC staff from the Division of Global Health Protection (DGHP) and Global Immunization Division (GID), along with partner organizations including the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), supported various aspects of the outbreak response. Colombia was able to harness multiple rapid response actions that were implemented across federal, departmental, and local public health entities.. With support from the World Health Organization (WHO), PAHO, and CDC, national rapid response workshops trained more than 100 officials from 32 departments on measles outbreak response. Vaccination stations also were set up on the border with Venezuela, and additional vaccinators were deployed in priority municipalities. In just one vaccination event conducted from May to July 2018, measles and other vaccinations were administered to 11,009 Venezuelan migrants at points of entry.. In addition, CDC, in collaboration with the U.S. Agency for International ...
Zika virus was recognised in 2016 as an important vector-borne cause of congenital malformations and Guillain-Barré syndrome, during a major epidemic in Latin America, centred in Northeastern Brazil. The WHO and Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO), with partner agencies, initiated a coordinated global response including public health intervention and urgent scientific research, as well as ethical analysis as a vital element of policy design. In this paper, we summarise the major ethical issues raised during the Zika epidemic, highlighting the PAHO ethics guidance and the role of ethics in emergency responses, before turning to ethical issues that are yet to be resolved ...
WHO/PAHO release - Health ministers from the Americas at the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Directing Council were briefed today on the Disease Control Priorities project, which outlines the best health investments to reduce the burden of disease in developing countries.
Dave Locke was not able to make the call so Ian covered C and Java Clients: - Ian and Dave are working minor bugs and suggestions. Please use the Paho Dev forum or Bugzilla to discuss these. - We discussed feedback that current committers and others at IBM, Eurotech and others familiar with MQTT design/usage need to try and get more involved in community. Nick OLeary, who has been engaged in the Eclipse and MQTT.org forums was on the call and made some comments later on in the call. - A Paho near term goal is to get up binary files in the Repository. - Ian is looking into the availability of code to test MQTT Client installations and ports. Feedback, participation and new contributions are welcome. It was suggested that a protocol level compatibility test suite for MQTT and its design points needs to be a Paho plan item. - Another item Ian is considering for Paho is an MQTT tracing program to monitor the interactions between the client and the server. - Andy Piper mentioned that the original ...
After being the first continent in the world declared free of measles in 2016, nine countries in the region have registered cases last year. With almost 900 cases, Venezuela was the most affected. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) warns that the countries of the region should intensify their efforts to immunize the population and stop the spread of the disease.
Though whooping cough may seem like an antiquated affliction, an estimated 50 million cases and 300,000 deaths still occur every year. Pertussis, as the disease is formally known, is a highly contagious disease marked by an intense cough that can last up to twelve weeks, and is regarded as a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries.. Sabin, in partnership with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), is working to assess and strengthen the laboratory capacity for diagnosis of pertussis in three countries; Argentina, Panama and Mexico. Currently, pertussis surveillance in most Latin American countries is based on outdated methods and materials, and an improvement in these techniques is key to guiding prevention and control strategies. The goal is to better understand the spread and impact of pertussis, in order to protect populations from this vaccine-preventable disease.. The project also provides ...
In January 2007, Sabin joined forces with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Harvard School of Public Health and the Institut Catala dOncologia (Barcelona, Spain) to conduct a comprehensive study of HPV epidemiological data in Latin America, in an attempt to address this alarming global health concern. This study, the first major assessment of HPV impact in the region, showed that the virus is far more common than anyone expected. It also effectively demonstrated that routine screening, along with vaccination, is the most promising way to tackle this disease. Differences in resources and available screening programs exist, making it difficult for each country to decide whether vaccination is affordable, even if it may be cost-effective. If these challenges could be addressed, researchers concluded that half a million cervical cancer deaths could be prevented over 10 years with the introduction of an HPV vaccine in the ...
The Ministry of Health, in collaboration with the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, is hosting a two-day National Workshop on Workers Health.. The workshop, which began yesterday (April 27), is being held under the theme Healthy Workplaces - Healthy Spaces - Healthy Workers at the Jamaica Conference Centre in downtown Kingston.. Bringing remarks at the opening, Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) Country Representative for Jamaica, Dr. Noreen Jack, said the discussions will be useful in getting recommendations for action in the workplace.. We expect to leave this meeting after reaching important consensus related to the design and implementation of the action plan, and (this) should allow us to address the social, environmental and economic determinants of workers health, close the gaps of inequalities they cause and boost prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) at the workplace, she said.. Minister of Labour and Social Security, ...
The cholera death toll is up to 7,155, with 543,042 infections over 586 days (and no UN apology so far), according to a new cholera counter created by advocacy group Just Foreign Policy.. Inter Press Jane Regan also writes that on May 1, OCHA put the national fatality rate at above three percent, the highest since the beginning of the outbreak. And the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) announced that between 200,000 and 250,000 more people will likely contract the disease during the course of 2012 - a figure also cited in a recent New York Times editorial that said the U.N. and the international community have a responsibility to meet the crisis head-on, to the tune of $800 million to $1.1 billion to build water and sanitation infrastructure (thus echoing the demands of the Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti, Rep. John Conyers - who is currently circulating a letter in Congress, and so many others).. Regan goes on to note a key factor that this blog, a feature New York ...
CIDRAP News) Global health officials responding to a quickly spreading cholera outbreak in Haiti say cases in the past few days have doubled, to 3,015, while deaths are up by about 100, to 253. The figures were published yesterday by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), which also reported that the disease is reaching new parts of the country. ...
CIDRAP News) Global health officials responding to a quickly spreading cholera outbreak in Haiti say cases in the past few days have doubled, to 3,015, while deaths are up by about 100, to 253. The figures were published yesterday by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), which also reported that the disease is reaching new parts of the country. ...
This publication explores organizational and technical aspects of radiology, analyzed within the context of the Pan American Health Organizations strategic and programmatic orientations for 1995-1998. PAHO Publications Catalog
This just arrived from the Pan American Health Organization: Epidemiological Alert: On Probable Influenza A(H1N1) 2009 Outbreaks (Published on 20 April 2011). Excerpt: Since the beginning of 2011, in the region of the Americas, there have been significant outbreaks of...
Every two seconds, somewhere in the world, a child dies before reaching its fifth birthday. Two probably died while you were reading that sentence.. An estimated 15 million children under 5 die each year, but world health authorities are zeroing in on another number, smaller but still huge. For them, the number 3.5 million is a symbol of both horror and hope.. That is how many children under age 5 die every year of diseases that are preventable by vaccines. Another 4 million to 5 million children die of fluid loss from diarrhea.. The numbers are staggering, said Dr. Ralph H. Henderson, director of the World Health Organizations program on immunization. Thats a childs death every time you take a breath.. Henderson and several dozen other doctors and health ministers from around the world spoke last week at the International Vaccine Symposium, a two-day conference of world health leaders at the Pan American Health Organization in Washington.. The World Health Organizations current effort ...
The Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization is publishing weekly counts of suspected and confirmed cases, by country and territory, as reported by each country. The data portal includes a few important notes: The suspected cases in Brazil are unofficial (media monitoring)
Haiti has launched a vaccination campaign against tetanus and the rotavirus that causes severe, fatal diarrhea in children under the age of 5. The campaign comes a year after the Michel Martelly administration launched a similar campaign against several childhood diseases, including measles and polio. Newly appointed director of the Pan American Health Organization Dr…
A 2014 study released by the Pan American Health Organization and World Health Organization says that 15 deaths on average occur from alcohol alone in Canada. Photo courtesy of Flickr. Dr. Sobey agrees, saying that the brains reward and inhibitory zones are the main contributors to an addiction. The inhibitory zone is controlled by the frontal lobes, which is an individuals knowledge and memory function. But it also tells us what we learn is appropriate and inappropriate, says Dr. Sobey.. The reward zone is part of the brain that focuses on reinforcement. Thats clearly the pleasure centre in the brain. So in a normal functioning brain, people who seek out food, procreation, sex and childhood care, it causes dopamine in the nucleus accumbens. In addition, there are certain people who are genetically predisposed who develop too much dopamine production in the nucleus accumbens, says Dr. Sobey. They drink alcohol, they experience extreme pleasure it turns off the frontal lobes so that they ...
PAN AMERICAN CLIPPERS. The Golden Age of Flying Boats. 2nd Edition Revised & Expanded.. The photographs and artwork will enable readers to grasp the magnificence of the transoceanic flying boats...The accurate, authoritative text will provide information that is new to all but the exceptionally well-informed aviation buff and nonspecialist historian. For a world recovering from the Great Depression, the Pan American Airways Clipper symbolized luxury, adventure and a brighter future. Illustrated with rare period photographs, vintage travel posters, magazine ads and colorful company brochures, Pan American Clippers covers all aspects of the Golden Age of Pan Americans graceful flying boats.. This edition has an additional 16 pages to add more historical and current information and provide additional detail and context to the historical importance of the flying boats.. Including: . Pan Ams Art Deco terminals,. . The fate of the last Pan Am Clippers and where to see the survivor. . The Foynes ...
In the foreword of this book, Professor Hoeppli gives his motivation and approach to the study of the parasitic diseases in Africa and the Western Hemisphere as follows:
10th YEAR PACIFIC-ALASKA DIVISION Pa/v Am/ifCA/v World Alruavs PACIFIC-ALASKA DIVISION WLÍPPPP 17th Year Pan American World Airways VOL. 3, No. 17 PUBLISHED BY THE EMPLOYES OF PAN AMERICAN WORLD AIRWAYS JUNE 15, 1945 PHONE FUND CAMPAIGN ENDS The Panair Club expresses appreciation to everyone for the sincere interest and financial support that has been given the Phone Fund. This Fund has enabled many seriously wounded service men returning on PAA aircraft to hear the voices of their wives and relatives in all parts of the United States immediately upon arrival. Glowing letters in praise of the PAA employees for providing this welcomed service have been received from the veterans. However, sufficient money is available in the Fund now to continue operation for the next few months and, consequently, no more donations will be accepted for the present. GO EAST, YOUNG MAN The advance guard of the Junior Pilots who are leaving this week for the Latin American Division are R. F. Child, W. W. Salter, ...
This publication is a compilation of guidelines designed to provide caregivers with appropriate direction regarding optimal feeding of infants and young children. PAHO Publications Catalog
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Ma'i Ho'oka'awale: The Separating Sickness, by Ted Gugelyk and Milton Bloombaum. vi + 121 pages, illustrated. University of Hawaii Press, 2840 Kolowalu Street, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822. 1984. $9.00, paperbound. Epidemiology and Control of Falciparum Malaria in the Americas, Scientific Publication No. 471, Pan American Health Organization. iv + 46 pages. Pan American Health Organization, 525 Twenty-third Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. 1984. $6.00, paperbound. Infectious Diseases in Europe: A Fresh Look, B. Velimirovic. x + 330 pages, illustrated. World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Scherfigsvej 8, D-K 2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark. 1984. Sw. fr. 35, paperbound. Bulletin of the Society of Vector Ecologists, Volume 9, Number 2, edited by James P. Webb. Pages 71-430. Published by the Society of Vector Ecologists, P.O. Box 87, Santa Ana, California 92702. 1984. $20.00. Biological, Biochemical, and Biomedical Aspects of Actinomycetes, edited by Librado Ortiz-Ortiz, Luis F.
An intensive and selective survey to review the current status of medical mycology in Latin America was carried out from 19 October to 19 November 1969. The countries visited were Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, and Mexico. Centers of competence in every phase of medical mycology were found to exist in these countries, but virtually all are one-man operations. An International Symposium on the Mycoses, sponsored by Pan American Health Organization was held in Washington, D.C., on 24-26 February 1970 and attended by over 60 investigators from the Americas and Europe. As a result of the Symposium and recommendations of the PAHO Advisory Committee on Medical Research, a permanent Coordinating Committee for the Mycoses has been appointed by PAHO to help strengthen resources in the Western Hemisphere so as to provide service, training, and research in this field. Parasitic infections have long been recognized as very important causes of morbidity and death in Latin America and the Caribbean area. As
The WHO, along with the Pan American Health Organization, announced the landmark health accomplishment on September 27th. This makes the Americas the first region in the world to eliminate the infectious disease, which can cause serious health problems. Marked by the appearance of flat, red spots all over the body, measles can lead to blindness, pneumonia, brain swelling, and can even be fatal.. Attended by ministers of health from throughout the western hemisphere, the announcement was made at the 55th Directing Council of the PAHO/WHO. This will make measles the fifth vaccine-preventable disease to be eliminated from the Americas. Smallpox was regionally eradicated in 1971, poliomyelitis in 1994, and congenital rubella syndrome was eliminated in 2015.. It is proof of the remarkable success that can be achieved when countries work together in solidarity towards a common goal. It is the result of a commitment made more than two decades ago, in 1994, when the countries of the Americas pledged to ...
URGENT steps must be taken to deal effectively with communicable diseases if this countrys development, particularly in the eco-tourism sector, is to gain momentum. This charge was delivered by Representative of the Pan American Health Organisation/World Health Organisation (PAHO/WHO), Dr. Bernadette Theodore Gandi. She was at the time addressing the opening session of a joint PAHO/WHO Technical Evaluation Workshop in Guyana at Le Meridien Pegasus yesterday. Citing examples of where health and development are closely linked, she said that diseases such as malaria cause significant morbidity and mortality. In addition to the individual and community suffering and economic loss to the family due to inability to work, it also affects the countrys development. We are all aware of the opportunities for development in eco-tourism ... Without control of these communicable diseases, and the availability of good quality diagnostic and treatment facilities at a basic level, the tourism sector will be ...
The program has transformed and revolutionized our health system, especially for the most vulnerable, Health Minister Ariana Campero told teleSUR.. The Pan American Health Organization, or PAHO, has praised the program for bringing medical care to some of Bolivias must rural communities. The My Health project is on the right path to ensure that people have access to services everywhere in Bolivia said Carissa Etienne, a Director at PAHO.. One of the main achievements of the program has been the sharp reduction in the number of maternal deaths. Doctors say more than half of the conditions and treatments are diagnosed in the patients own homes during routine check ups and and the rest in medical centers across 306 different municipalities.. The most important part of the program is our house to house visits in the most rural parts of the country says Ariana Campero. The Health Minister says doctors and mobile clinics are now present in 25 indigenous communites in Bolivia. Before ...
The Report on Epilepsy in Latin America and the Caribbean (2013) prepared by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) with the support of the International League against Epilepsy and the International Bureau for Epilepsy is now available. Spanish , English. ...
The number of babies born with HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean has decreased by 78 percent - from 10,700 in 2001, to 2,324 in 2013 - according to a new report by the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO), and the United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF). The report entitled, Elimination of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Congenital Syphilis in the Americas, documents progress made towards the 2015 goals of eliminating mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV and congenital syphilis in the region. ...
The number of babies born with HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean has decreased by 78 percent - from 10,700 in 2001, to 2,324 in 2013 - according to a new report by the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO), and the United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF). The report entitled, Elimination of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Congenital Syphilis in the Americas, documents progress made towards the 2015 goals of eliminating mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV and congenital syphilis in the region. ...
Baaklini, Abdo I. The Brazilian Legislature and Political System. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1992. Becker, Bertha K. Brazil: A New Regional Power in the World-economy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992. Besse, Susan K. Restructuring Patriarchy: The Modernization of Gender Inequality in Brazil, 1914-1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996. Burns, E. Bradford. A History of Brazil , 3rd ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. Garretón, Manuel Antonio, and Edward Newman, eds. Democracy in Latin America: (Re)constructing Political Society. New York: United Nations University Press, 2001. Graham, Richard (ed.). Brazil and the World System. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1991. Hartness, Ann. Brazil in Reference Books, 1965-1989: An Annotated Bibliography. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1991. Health in the Americas, 2002 edition. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization, Pan American Sanitary Bureau, Regional Office of the World Health ...
World Health Organization Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Ibero-American Programme for the Development of Science and Technology (CYTED) Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnologia e Innovacion Colciencias 1115-569-348899 Universidad de Antioquia CPT-1801 SIIU-2019-25272 International Agency for Research on Cancer Ligue nationale contre le cancer
Were a member of a global network of WHOCCs supporting WHO global health priorities. Our work is focused on the goal of health for all through nursing and midwifery. As a collaborating center, we commit to a certain number of projects with the WHO during each four-year cycle of work. For 2018-2022, we are in collaboration with the WHO and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) to focus on three Terms of Reference (TOR). The TORs are 1) promotion of maternal health and reduction of maternal mortality in the Region (particularly Nicaragua), 2) development of leadership in nursing education, and 3) development of leadership in nursing research. See below for resources created by Penn Nursing that support our WHOCC Work. ...
Introduction: In this research project, we studied the quality and capacity of the equipments functionality and non-structural vulnerability of seven hospitals in the city of Tehran during an earthquake. Materials and Methods: The researchs place was general hospitals with private and governmental management; the research society was all Tehran general hospitals where a random sample of seven general hospitals were studied in eleven different categories. The methodology of the study was descriptive cross sectional; sampling was random simple and the instrument for the study was World Health Organization (WHO)/Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Standard checklist. The lowest levels of functionality were observed in emergency exit systems, communication systems, furniture, and equipments. Results: The heating and cooling systems, air conditioning of specific sections, medical gas systems, fire detection and extinguisher of most hospitals in the study were functioning at satisfactory levels. ...
HIV and other C-NCDs have serious socioeconomic consequences, often creating a financial barrier for individuals in need of proper care and treatment, and forcing them to pay high out-of-pocket fees. Despite advancements in service delivery, only twenty countries worldwide currently have Universal Health Coverage (UHC) plans in which everyone can receive basic health services.. While some advocates in the AIDS community may see UHC as a threat to the provision of HIV & AIDS resources, others see it as a solution. Sir George Alleyne from the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) reminds us that UHC is feasible, socially desirable, and economically possible.. We have acceptance that UHC is possible. It is a myth that poor countries cannot afford UHC. There is no country that cannot afford UHC, Sir Alleyne says. It is a matter of social justice.. According to Dr. Jonathan D. Quick, President and CEO of Management Sciences for Health, UHC is becoming the driving vision for prevention, care ...
Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites. The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. The outbreak in Brazil led to reports of…
Newsroom America) -- A new study reveals that between 2007 and 2009, alcohol was a necessary cause of death (i.e., death would not have occurred in the absence of alcohol consumption) in an average of 79,456 cases per year. Liver disease was the main culprit in most countries.. The new study is published in the scientific journal Addiction by the Pan American Health Organization, a branch of the World Health Organization, and measured the number and pattern of deaths caused by alcohol consumption in 16 North and Latin American countries.. According to the authors, Dr. Vilma Gawryszewski and Dr. Maristela Monteiro, the mortality rates found in this study reveal the tip of the iceberg of a broader problem. There is a wide range of diseases and conditions linked to alcohol use, including tuberculosis, heart disease, stroke, epilepsy, falls, suicides, transport-related injuries, and interpersonal violence, among others. Our study simply shows how many deaths are wholly attributable to alcohol ...
When Dr. Carissa Etienne, the director of the Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) warned a few years ago that Dominica is being seriously threatened by a tsunami of non-communicable diseases, ...
It was once called a childhood disease, but there was never anything childish or innocent about it. Measles, also called rubeola, is an infectious virus that can cause severe complications such as blindness and even death. At its height, there were millions of cases of measles in the United States each year, resulting in hundreds of deaths and tens of thousands of hospitalizations. Recently, officials at the Pan American Health Organization in Washington, D.C., declared that North
Michael A. Rodríguez, MD, MPH is professor and vice chair in the Department of Family Medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, professor in the Department of Community Health Sciences at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, founding chair of the UCLA Global Health Minor, founding director of the Health Equity Network of the Americas, Co-Director of the UCLA Firearm Violence Prevention Center, and founding director of the UCLA Blum Center on Poverty and Health in Latin America. Dr. Rodríguez is published widely in the areas of research that include, ethnic/racial and immigrant health equity, gun and intimate partner violence prevention, and primary care systems. He has consulted for the World Health Organization, UNICEF, the Pan American Health Organization, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Institute of Medicine. He is also a Board Member for Blue Shield of California, and the Latino Coalition for a Healthy California. Dr. Rodriguez mentors and ...
Anna Coates is the Chief of Gender and Cultural Diversity at the Pan American Health Organization, which operates as the regional office of the World Health Organization for the Americas. Of British nationality, Anna Coates holds a Masters degree in Modern International Studies from the University of Leeds and a PhD in Gender from the London School of Economics and Political Science (with a thesis focussed upon identity and policy issues related to indigenous womens reproductive health in Mexico). Subsequent to an earlier career as a university lecturer and researcher, and as Global Gender Advisor for Oxfam G.B.s policy and programmes, Anna entered the UN system in 2007. She was firstly in ECLAC (the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean) where she was Chief of the Social Development Unit at the subregional office based in Mexico City from 2007 to 2010 and since then has undertaken roles as the Acting Chief of the Gender Equality and Womens Empowerment Section at UN-ESCAP ...
Meanwhile, In the Middle East, starting June 15, Abu Dhabi will restrict access to shopping malls, restaurants, cafes and other public places to those who have been vaccinated or who have recently tested negative.. The new rules were announced as the United Arab Emirates, a federation of seven emirates, has seen daily cases rise over the past three weeks. The UAE, which does not give a breakdown for each emirate, recorded 2,179 new infections on Wednesday, up from 1,229 on May 17.. On the vaccine front, If the spread of COVID-19 continues at current rates it will be years before the virus is controlled in the Americas, the Pan American Health Organization said, as it called for countries to share excess vaccine doses.. Brazils health regulator Anvisa authorized Phase 1 and 2 clinical tests to be carried out on volunteers for the domestically developed Butanvac vaccine.. Moderna Inc. said on Thursday it has filed for U.S. authorization to use its COVID-19 vaccine in adolescents aged 12 to 18, to ...
The Graduate Certificate in Global Health is designed to provide interdisciplinary knowledge in global health delivery to those employed or seeking employment in positions requiring this knowledge or to individuals who desire this added credential. The University of Marylands Global Health Certificate provides knowledge of issues, policies, and practices in global health that enables individuals to work effectively in agencies and programs providing global health services. The Global Health Certificate program addresses some of the selected global health competencies defined by the ASPPH. Courses in the Global Health Certificate are taught by faculty who bring a wealth of knowledge and field-based skills drawn from experiences with agencies such as the World Health Organization, Pan American Health Organization, Environmental Protection Agency, Food and Drug Administration, Center for Strategic and International Studies, and the USAID.. The Global Health Certificate is 12 credit program that ...
Funding The activities of the South African Stress and Health study were supported by the United States National Institute of Mental Health (R01MH070884), the John D and Catherine T MacArthur Foundation, the Pfizer Foundation, the US Public Health Service (R13-MH066849, R01-MH069864, and R01 DA016558), the Fogarty International Center (FIRCA R01-TW006481), the Pan American Health Organisation, Eli Lilly and Company, Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical, GlaxoSmithKline and Bristol-Myers Squibb. The South Africa Stress and Health study was funded by grant R01-MH059575 from the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute of Drug Abuse with supplemental funding from the South African Department of Health and the University of Michigan. ...
Corresponding author: Ned Calonge, MD, MPH, Chair, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, c/o Program Director, USPSTF, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 540 Gaither Road, Rockville, MD 20850, e-mail: [email protected] Members of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force* are Alfred O. Berg, MD, MPH, Chair, USPSTF (Professor and Chair, Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA); Janet D. Allan, PhD, RN, CS, Vice-chair, USPSTF (Dean, School of Nursing, University of Maryland Baltimore, Baltimore, MD); Ned Calonge, MD, MPH (Acting Chief Medical Officer, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Denver, CO); Paul Frame, MD (Tri-County Family Medicine, Cohocton, NY, and Clinical Professor of Family Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY); Joxel Garcia, MD, MBA (Deputy Director, Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC); Russell Harris, MD, MPH (Associate Professor of Medicine, Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of ...
Elaborated within the framework of the National Development Strategy, the plan is an integral, multi-sectoral answer [that incorporates] the participation of the society, aimed at reducing teenage pregnancies in the Dominican Republic. The plan is expected to be implemented until 2016 through the Inter-institutional Technical Committee on Teenage Pregnancy Prevention, made up of the Office of the First Lady, the Womens Ministry, Ministry of Public Health and Ministry of Education, and international organizations such as the Pan American Health Organization, the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA) and UNICEF among other public and private organizations ...
NIA CHARLESTOWN NEVIS (March 12, 2013) - In an address to herald in a week of activities of the Nevis Renal Society to mark World Kidney Day themed Kidneys For Life: Stop Kidney Attack, Deputy Premier and Minister of Health on Nevis Hon. Mark Brantley told the people of Nevis that the onus was on all to ensure that kidney disease and the factors which caused it remained minimal.. He said on March 11, 2013, that he was reminded of the words of the newly appointed Director of the Pan American Health Organization Dr. Carissa Etienne that everyone had a powerful potential to create positive change in health and that improved health and access to health care, would transcend into stronger economies, more conducive societies and nations better able to integrate and compete in the global world.. I implore the people of Nevis to reflect on these simple yet profound words as we take charge of our health not only during this week but throughout our lives. Our continued prosperity is entirely dependent ...
DUARTE MARRERO, Eduardo y JIMENEZ BEATO, Patricia. Guide of maxillofacial trauma intervention for diagnosis and treatment of facial burns. MediSur [online]. 2010, vol.8, n.3, pp.72-78. ISSN 1727-897X.. The guide for maxillofacial trauma intervention for diagnosis and treatment of facial burns has been developed on the basis of the results obtained in a retrospective descriptive study of a series of patients for facial burns, were treated in serving Burned Cienfuegos University General Hospital Dr. Gustavo Lima Aldereguía between January 2005 and September 2007. The document describes the set of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, both general and local, to treat patients with facial burns depending on the extent and depth of burns, also describes some special considerations depending on their location in central facial structures (eyelids, flag ear, nose, mouth, neck). It took into account national guidelines and the Pan American Health Organization, were also consulted experts and ...
The totality of features or characteristics that bear on our ... PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION, Publicaci n Cientifica No. 499, Control de ... annual: 2 days ... - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: a75f1-ZDcxZ
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American Health Research employs Clinical Research Coordinators, Data Entry Coordinators, Clinical Research Assistants, Marketing and Community Outreach Coordinators, a Recruitment Specialist, and a Regulatory Specialist that specialize in quick study start-up, patient recruitment, collecting good quality data and patient retention. We all follow a set of standard operating procedures as well as trial protocols, Good Clinical Practice and HIPAA guidelines to provide a smooth clinical trial process for all involved.. American Health Research is a clinical research company located in Charlotte, North Carolina dedicated to obtaining quality data in healthcare and pharmaceutical research. Dr. Selwyn Spangenthal has 20+ years of clinical research experience. American Health Research focuses on Phase II, III, and IV clinical trials. Subjects for research studies are generated from our large pulmonary practice and large patient database. Our facility includes: ...
PAHO has published Diphtheria in the Americas - Summary of the situation. Excerpt: Between epidemiological week (EW) 1 and EW 30 of 2018, three countries in the Region of the Americas (Colombia, Haiti, and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela) have...
Looking for North America? Find out information about North America. third largest continent , c.9,400,000 sq mi , the northern of the two continents of the Western Hemisphere. North America includes all of the mainland and... Explanation of North America
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Few contemporary social problems in the U.S. affect more people daily than those within the American health care system. Social Movements and the Transformation of American Health Care is the first collection of essays to examine dynamics of change in health care institutions through the lens of contemporary theory and research on collective action.
University of Washington. In spite of considerable human development, the southeastern United States region could provide some of the Western Hemispheres more heavily used thoroughfares for mammals, birds and amphibians on their way to cooler environments in a warming world, according to new research led by the University of Washington. The region is among half a dozen areas that could experience heavier traffic compared with the average species-movement across the Western Hemisphere in response to a warming climate. The estimate in southeastern states, for example, is up to 2.5 times the average amount of movement across North and South America. Other areas that could see pronounced animal movements are northeastern North America, including around the Great Lakes and north into Canada; southeastern Brazil, home to both the species-rich Atlantic Forest and major cities such as Sao Paulo with its 11 million residents; and the Amazon Basin. The basin, stretching across seven South American ...
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Objective. To obtain an evaluation of current type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) clinical practice guidelines. Methods. Relevant guidelines were identified through a systematic search of MEDLINE/ PubMed. Pan American Health ...
Find info concerning UT Pan American dialysis technician program. Seek out accredited nursing programs for the best training. Given a brief hospital internship or prior work experience, you can expect a great return on your medical education.
Info concerning UT Pan American zoology program. Nursing is one of the fastest-growing job areas, and for good reason. As the population ages, medical care will continue to expand rapidly.
/CNW/ - Pan American Silver Corp. (NASDAQ: PAAS) (TSX: PAA) (Pan American or the Company) has decided to proceed with the expansion of its La Colorada mine...
The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMFs Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a.... ...
The main focus of this report is the outlook for the region in the face of the downturn now projected for the U.S. economy and the continuing risks that affect the global outlook. Overall the region is better placed than in the past to navigate the current financial turbulence, given reduced vulnerabilities and stronger policy frameworks. Nonetheless, the report points to risks that the global financial stress could curtail capital flows to the region and world commodity prices could fall more than expected. There are also risks arising from rising inflation and rapid private credit growth in a number of countries. The report then explores the policy options facing governments in the region, underscoring the need to preserve the gains of recent years
The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMFs Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a.... ...
Pe Jaw Crusher 26 2339 3bs Dimensi its langeeupe jaw crusher 39 s dimension pe jaw crusher 26 2339 3bs dimension positivecharacter american 26 2339 3bs gottalent bene crusher Crusher Machine concrete grinding san diego american 39 s gottalent bene crusher pe jaw crusher 39 s dimension; Amp Cone Crusher Dimension Mobile Crushing & Screening american indian slate grinding stone telcentralenlAmerican Indian Slate Grinding Stone kasprzyk arteu Indian stone tools, artifacts, how to identify ancient May 24, 2014 stone artifacts found on the American Continent used by the Ancient inhabitants of the Americas including the American In this particular video a variety of grinding stones, metates and manos are shown and compared to each other in their similarities and differenccrusher manufacturers in america cakestudiobeJaw Crusher In America, Jaw Crusher In America Suppliers and , Jaw Crusher In America, Wholesale Various High Quality Jaw Crusher In America Productsfrom Global Jaw Crusher In America ...
Antique Maps of South and North America. Gallery of authentic historic and rare maps of North America, South America & the Western Hemisphere from the 16th to the 19th centuries.
The large moth family Arctiidae contains the following genera with names beginning from A to M: (For names beginning from N to Z, see List of arctiid genera: N-Z.) Abnormipterus Abrochocis Acantharctia Acanthofrontia Acco Acerbia Achroosia Aclytia Acsala Adoxosia Aedoea Aemilia Aeolosia Aethalida Aethosia Aethria Afroarctia Agaltara Agaraea Agkonia Aglaomorpha Aglossosia Agrisius Agunaix Agylla Agylloides Agyrta Agyrtidia Agyrtiola Alandria Alepista Alexicles Allanwatsonia Aloa Alpenus Alphaea Amalodeta Amastus Amata Amatula Amaxia Amerila Ammalo Amphelarctia Amphicallia Amplicincia Amsacta Amsactarctia Amsactoides Amurrhyparia Anaemosia Anaene Anaphe Anaphlebia Anaphleps Anaphosia Anapisa Anaulosia Anaxita Andala Antichloris Antiotricha Antona Anycles Apaidia Apantesis Apeplopoda Aphra Aphyarctia Aphyle Apiconoma Apisa Apistosia Apocerea Apocrisias Apogurea Apothosia Aptilosia Apyre Arachnis Araeomolis Archilema Archithosia Arctagyrta Arctia Arctiarpia Arctiites Ardices Ardonea Ardonissa Are ...
This is a list of film remakes. Excluded are films based on the same source material. For example, the 1962 version of Mutiny on the Bounty is not a remake of the 1935 film; both are based on the novel Mutiny on the Bounty. Reboots are also omitted. This list is ordered by the title of the original film, inasmuch as there can be multiple remakes. # - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z - See also Note: Original films where the leading number is spelled out are listed by letter, not number. [1] "Mark of the Vampire (1935)". American Film Institute. List of film remakes (N-Z) List of American television series based on British television ...
Maryland has a long history concerning sports and a number of major and minor professional sport figures have hailed from the state. Maryland enjoys considerable historical repute for the talented sports players of its past, including Cal Ripken Jr, Michael Phelps and Babe Ruth. Marcus Hatten (born 1980), basketball player, 2006 top scorer in the Israel Basketball Premier League List of people from Maryland#Athletes Sports in Maryland Maryland#Sports "Rob Abiamiri". nfl.com. NFL Enterprises LLC. Retrieved February 3, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Victor Abiamiri". nfl.com. NFL Enterprises LLC. Retrieved February 3, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Nick Adenhart Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved February 3, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "David Alexander". nfl.com. NFL Enterprises LLC. Retrieved February 3, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Matt Alrich". bostoncannons.com. Boston Cannons. Retrieved March 30, 2009. CS1 maint: ...
a b c Patti McGill Peterson, The Young Socialist Movement in America from 1905 to 1940: A Study of the Young People's Socialist ... Michael J. Schaack, Anarchy and Anarchists: A History of the Red Terror and the Social Revolution in America and Europe. ... Socialist Party of America, How to Organize, Maintain, and Conduct the 'SSS' (Socialist Schools of Science, Sometimes ... Schools of the Socialist Party of America[edit]. The Socialist Sunday School of Williamsbridge, Bronx, New York was organized ...
Central America and the Caribbean. Barbados. * Find this book in the University of the West Indies (Cave Hill campus) Library ...
Move to America[edit]. The Hesse government levied harsher fines and rents against the Community in the wake of economic ...
South America[edit]. In South America, tick-borne disease recognition and occurrence is rising. In Brazil, a Lyme-like disease ... North America[edit]. Many studies in North America have examined ecological and environmental correlates of the number of ... found in North America), B. burgdorferi sensu stricto (predominant in North America, but also present in Europe), B. afzelii, ... "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 100 (2): 567-71. Bibcode:2003PNAS..100..567L. ...
North America[edit]. See also: Gold mining in the United States. The first significant gold rush in the United States was in ... Successive gold rushes occurred in western North America: Fraser Canyon, the Cariboo district and other parts of British ...
The Ancient Americas[edit]. *The Ancient Americas displays 13,000 years of human ingenuity and achievement in the Western ... Coleman, LV (1939). The Museums in America: A critical study, Volumes 1-3. The American Association of Museums.. ... Berthold Laufer, America's first sinologist and Curator of Anthropology until his death in 1934 consists of about 7,000 volumes ... "The Ancient Americas". The Field Museum. Retrieved 2018-03-31.. *^ "Cyrus Tang Hall of China Exhibition Online". chinahall. ...
Another example is seen in the immersion of children in some Indigenous communities of the Americas into the adult world and ... Children from indigenous heritage communities of the Americas often learn through observation, a strategy that can carry over ...
Over the course of the 1990s, with the end of the Cold War, the return to democracy in Latin America, and the thrust toward ... Americas. The Organization of American States (OAS) is an international organization, headquartered in Washington, D.C., United ... For example, Female genital mutilation occurs in different cultures in Africa, Asia and South America. It is not mandated by ... In Western Europe and North America, labour unions brought about laws granting workers the right to strike, establishing ...
United States of America[edit]. In the United States, recruit training in the U.S. Army is called Basic Combat Training; U.S. ...
For more on this, see Mark Hewitt, Catch Wrestling: A Wild and Wooly Look at the Early Days of Pro Wrestling in America. ... Satake would later travel to South America with Maeda and settle in Manaus, Amazonas State, while Maeda continued traveling. ... jujutsu was just starting to become known in Europe and the Americas. Excepting literal circus acts, few non-Japanese had much ... the Japanese Legation in the USA asked the Kodokan to send more judo teachers to America, providing continuity to Yamashita's ...
North America[edit]. Canada[edit]. Pepper spray designed to be used against people is considered a prohibited weapon in Canada ... South America[edit]. *Brazil: Classified as weapon by Federal Act n° 3665/2000 (Regulation for Fiscalization of Controlled ...
Socialist Party of America involvement[edit]. For many years, Haywood was an active member of the Socialist Party of America. ... "Tonight I am going to speak on the class struggle and I am going to make it so plain that even a lawyer can understand it."[21] ... J. Anthony Lukas, Big Trouble: A Murder in a Small Western Town Sets Off a Struggle for the Soul of America. New York: Simon ... J. Anthony Lukas, Big Trouble: A Murder in a Small Western Town Sets Off a Struggle for the Soul of America (New York: Simon ...
The Americas. Some Indigenous peoples of the Americas conceptualize a third gender for women who dress as, and fulfill the ... Faderman, Lillian (1991). Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers: A History of Lesbian Life in Twentieth Century America, Penguin Books ... Brenshoff, Harry, Griffin, Sean (2006). Queer Images: A History of Gay and Lesbian Film in America, Rowman & Littlefield ... In the 1950s and 1960s, however, the roles were pervasive and not limited to North America: from 1940 to 1970, butch/femme bar ...
North America[edit]. In North America, barbecue chicken is often seasoned with a spice rub, then coated with a tomato based ...
5, (Sep 1986). Americas; Washington. pp. 32-35, 64. Retrieved 21 May 2018. Cowley, Vic. "A Tribute to Nelson Avila". Retrieved ...
"Panama Papers: Mossack Fonseca 'helped firm with links to North Korea's nuclear weapons programme' , Americas , News". The ...
I would honestly love to revolutituonize this country from one end to the other! I am sure this would bring happiness to the ... "Americas , Ailing Castro still dominates Cuba". BBC News. 11 August 2006. Retrieved 13 January 2010. Juan Reinaldo Sanchez, The ... Balfour also noted that throughout Latin America, Castro served as "a symbol of defiance against the continued economic and ... ISBN 978-1-4696-1886-9. Kozloff, Nicholas (2008). Revolution!: South America and the Rise of the New Left. New York: Palgrave ...
Butler, Ron (November-December 1999). "A New Face for the Zocalo". Americas. 51 (6): 4-6. 03790940. "El Zócalo de la Ciudad de ... should be one of the most compelling architectural destinations in the Americas. Instead, much of it is a slum of gutted ...
The Americas. 58. David Marley (2005), "Santiago", Historic Cities of the Americas, Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO, p. 728+, ... David F. Marley (2008), Wars of the Americas: a chronology of armed conflict in the Western Hemisphere, 1492 to the present ( ... 1995). "Santiago". Americas. International Dictionary of Historic Places. Routledge. p. 637+. ISBN 978-1-134-25930-4. Eduardo ... 1954). "The First Franciscans in Chile; Founding of the Monasteries of Santiago and Concepcion, 1553". The Americas. 10. "La ...
BBC News , AMERICAS , Hezbollah suspects arrested http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa468.pdf CNN Transcript - Breaking News: ... Cigarette smuggling case offers inside look at Hezbollah's presence in America - US News and World Report https://www.fbi.gov/ ...
Chile holds its highest rating in South America: A2. The UK, in comparison, is rated at A3. Following the accident, a lawsuit ... Chilean copper mine workers are among the highest-paid miners in South America. Although the accident has called mine safety in ... Barrionuevo, Alexei; Romero, Simon (17 October 2010). "Rescued Miners' Secrecy Pact Erodes in Spotlight". Americas. The New ... including Latin America, South Africa, Australia, the United States and Canada. NASA specialists helped develop a sophisticated ...
BBC NEWS , Americas , Canada jails Rwandan war criminal CTV News , Munyaneza handed life sentence for war crimes[permanent dead ...
Americas. Gallery 214, Montclair, NJ. Taboo. Go Fish Gallery, New York, NY. "Relative Closeness - June 14 - August 7, 2007". ...
White Supremacist Earnest Sevier Cox and white musician John Powell founded the Anglo-Saxon Clubs of America in Richmond and ... 1995). "Richmond". Americas. International Dictionary of Historic Places. Routledge. p. 542+. ISBN 978-1-134-25930-4. Peter ... Black America. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia. Richard Pillsbury, ed. (2006). "Richmond". Geography. New Encyclopedia of ... James Blair, becomes became commissary (making him the Anglican bishop's representative in America and the Virginia colony's ...
UNESCO's World Heritage listing for Papahānaumokuākea Accessed 1 August 2010 "Bush creates new marine sanctuary". Americas. BBC ... larger than all of America's national parks combined. It contains approximately 10 percent of the tropical shallow water coral ...
"BBC News , Americas , De la Rua: 'People say I'm boring'". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2020-04-09. ":: Revista Noticias , Home ...
"BBC NEWS , Americas , US jails Yemeni al-Qaeda backer". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2019-10-17. "Treasury Designates the Union of ...
I Am APatient / CaregiverDiseases & ConditionsLiving Well with Rheumatic DiseaseExercise and Arthritis ...
Pages in category "Americas". The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent ... Note: for the Prehistory of the Americas see Category:Pre-Columbian era. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Americas.. ... The main article for this category is Americas.. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Americas&oldid=699168863" ...
BP Acetyls Americas is headquartered in Naperville, IL. We offer efficient supply chains and distribution networks to cost- ... In 2016, BP Acetyls Americas celebrated the 30-year anniversary of a production agreement with the Texas City acetic acid site ... effectively serve customers throughout the Americas, as well as effectively integrating with the entire BP Global Acetyls ...
The work of the ITU Field Offices in the Americas aims at ensuring that all members benefit from the work of the three Sectors ... The ITU provides assistance and support in the Americas region through a Regional Office based in Brasilia, hosted by the ... ITU and Samsung are proud to announce the winners of the 2017 ITU Regional Competition for Latin America and the Caribbean " ... Regional Workshop Accessible Americas IV: Information and Communication for ALL Tuesday, November 21, 2017 - Thursday, November ...
Americas Cardroom - Use code REDDITPOKER when signing up. Americas Cardroom is the largest operator and flagship skin on ... Americas Cardroom and the Winning Poker Network reserve the rights to change, suspend or terminate any bonus or promotion at ... So again, why are the residents of Kentucky not permitted to play on AMERICAS card room, and why would one of your reps tell a ... Also can you develop a site similar to boomplayer.com like stars has so I can show my friends how bad I am. Kappa ...
The rubric of "America" was loosely constructed, and they encouraged literary exploration of pre-Columbian America, the ... OSullivan was already hinting at Americas soon-to-be-manifest destiny with leading articles on South America and Canada, and ... Young America. The Flowering of Democracy in New York City. By EDWARD L. WIDMER. Oxford University Press Read the Review The ... in giving to America a native Magazine." With a prophetic voice, Langtree called forth "the genius of this young America." ...
News Front Page , Africa , Americas , Asia-Pacific , Europe , Middle East , South Asia UK , Business , Entertainment , Science/ ...
Lawrence and Coast of America Station (which was to become the North America Station in 1813, the North America and Lakes of ... Over the next several centuries more colonies were established in North America, Central America, South America, and the ... Meinig, Donald William (1986). The Shaping of America: Atlantic America, 1492-1800. Yale University Press.. ... the North America and West Indies Station about 1820, and finally the America and West Indies Station from 1915 to 1956) before ...
Visit the vast continent of South America with a Telegraph Travel Tour and see Machu Picchu, Patagonia and wonders like the ... South Americas scale and incredibly varied landscapes and cultures lend themselves perfectly to a tour, so we at the Telegraph ... We offer a range of tours, some of which include flights to a huge variety of destinations across South America. ...
America does have its version of the former Soviet Union s KGB. America s version of the KGB simply does things a little ... Americas Secret Government America has always had a secret government. The secret government consists of prominent and ... They are the social architects or social engineers of America. Their decisions will shape and guide America for decades to come ... America s racial tensions peeked in the 60 s and 70 s with the fight for civil rights. If the United States government were to ...
... the Americas: Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450 dictionary. ... the AmericasAlthough a complex mosaic of factors underpinned Spanish imperialism in the Americas, there is abundant evidence ... Mining, the Americas. Although a complex mosaic of factors underpinned Spanish imperialism in the Americas, there is abundant ... In South America total output declined in the first quarter of the eighteenth century (from 6.4 to 3.5 million pesos a year), ...
Markets in the Americas ended mixed Monday, with Argentinas stocks leaping ahead and Canadas shares posting measured gains. ... Markets in the Americas ended mixed Monday, with Argentinas stocks leaping ahead and Canadas shares posting measured gains. ...
While these fears have been far from assuaged, tales of Americas IT demise now seem more greatly exaggerated. ... and a future where all of Americas IT would have to be imported or outsourced. ...
See an archive of all americas sweetheart stories published on the New York Media network, which includes NYMag, The Cut, ... Julia Roberts on Jennifer Lawrence: Too CoolRoberts side-eyes questions about who exactly is Americas Sweetheart. ... Sarah Palin Fightin for Duck Dynasty HomophobeSaving America from the "intolerants." ...
School of the Americas: School of Assassins, USA. The School of the Americas. World War II was the good war. After that ... The war in Vietnam ended the illusion that America was always on the right side. Today, Americas image as a defender of ... It is time for all of us to demand that the School of the Americas be closed.. What you can do. Call, fax, or write the ... Ask them to end funding for the SOA and stop training terrorists and murderers in America.. Ask them to support House of ...
According to an April 6, 2006, article in the Kansas City Strips The Pitch by Eric Barton, Americas Majority president Richard ... Americas Majority is a 501(c)(4) policy group, which was "founded to increase the constituency for conservative causes: free ... Robert Novak reported in the May 20, 2006 Human Events Online on a "new television ad" by Americas Majority that "attempts to ... Americas Majority was described in March 2005 as "a not-for-profit dedicated to expanding the electoral base of conservative ...
More from The Americas. Hand-ups, not handcuffs. How will Mexicos president handle "El Mencho", a kingpin on the rise?. ... This article appeared in the The Americas section of the print edition under the headline The judgment ...
BRIEF-Lithium Americas Corp Files For Mixed Shelf Of Up to $500 Million. * LITHIUM AMERICAS CORP FILES FOR MIXED SHELF OF UPTO ... BRIEF-Lithium Americas Provides Update On NYSE Listing. * LITHIUM AMERICAS - INTENDS TO LIST DIRECTLY ON NYSE; WILL NOT BE ... About Lithium Americas Corp. Lithium Americas Corp., formerly Western Lithium USA Corp., is a resource company. The Company is ... Lithium Americas sees rapid development of major U.S. lithium project. Lithium Americas Corp plans rapid development of its ...
More from The Americas. Changing the guard. An interview with Uruguays president-elect, Luis Lacalle Pou. ... This article appeared in the The Americas section of the print edition under the headline Real-politik ...
Links to more Americas stories are at the foot of the page. ...
... yes. Test,Forbidden America,Current Events. Forbidden America returns. 7614c05e-6095-42a1-824d-e0645aa2ddd0 ... Forbidden America. yes. Forbidden America,Racism,The 1%,Class War,Unions. Death of the Living Wage in the U.S.. 938b284c-d2c8- ... Forbidden America Returns. Forbidden America has been off the air for some time but is now returning and a 30-minute format ... Homeless in America - Author Pat LaMarche. Left Out in America, a book authored by Pat LaMarche which chronicles her tour ...
Shortened form of America or American, particularly as used in commercial names. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Am&oldid=46101725" ...
AM with SABRA LANE. Monday to Saturday from 8.00am ABC Radio and 7:10 am on RN. ... AM is Australias most informative morning current affairs program. AM sets the agenda for the nation s daily news and current ... AM has learnt that some of the information presented in the case against Gold Coast doctor Mohammed Haneef may have been ...
For an in-depth look at Americas Most Profitable Hospitals, click here.. Some say profitable hospitals may be using local ... Forbes first-ever survey of Americas most profitable hospitals reveals that some American hospitals make 25 cents or more for ... For an in-depth look at Americas Most Profitable Hospitals, click here.. ...
The upcoming International Womens Day should be used to rethink the impact of our everyday choices on the situation of women. This includes the way we shop. Indeed, recent research suggests that it is very likely that my power suit means enslavement, forced labor and abuse of Uyghur women ...
... the Trans Am. Originally created in 1969 as a top-level model of the Firebird, the Trans Am went through 4 different ... The Pontiac Trans Am Canada website is not affiliated with, authorized by, or in any way a product of Pontiac Motor Division or ... Visit the menu items above for the history of the Trans Am as well as samples of these great cars here in Canada. ... Originally created in 1969 as a top-level model of the Firebird, the Trans Am went through 4 different generations - the last ...
Eye Foundation of AmericaEye Foundation of America, Morgantown, West Virginia. 387 likes. Eye Foundation of America 695 ... Although the Eye Foundation of America serves people of all ages, we have a special place in our hearts for children because it ... The Eye Foundation of Americas (EFA) mission is to go where the need is greatest- often rural and remote areas of developing ... Just make sure to select the Eye Foundation of America as your charity of choice when using Amazon.com. ...
America Recycles Event Recordings Available You can still register to view the America Recycles Innovation Fair and Summit. ... America Recycles. Growing and strengthening the U.S. recycling system through multi-stakeholder collaboration. ... Are you a U.S.-based organization interested in working toward a more resilient materials economy? If so, sign the America ...
OKAY America (1932) is a "Walter Winchell Theme Movie," one of several worth seeing 31 December 2014 , by DavidAllenUSA - See ... OKAY America (1932) is a Walter Winchell Theme Movie, one of several worth seeing.. Remember that in 1932, Walter Winchell ... The high quality of the actor cast in OKAY America (1932) shows the investment big shots in Hollywood thought worth making in a ... BLESSED EVENT (1932 starring Lee Tracy appeared the same year as OKAY America (1932), and was based on a Broadway play from ...
Americas Sweethearts (2001) PG-13 , 1h 42min , Comedy, Romance , 20 July 2001 (USA) ... Narrator: America first fell in love with Eddie Thomas and Gwen Harrison in the box office smash "Autumn With Greg And Peg". ... Americas Sweethearts See more » Filming Locations:. Greystone Park & Mansion - 905 Loma Vista Drive, Beverly Hills, California ... The Go-Gos on Sundance Doc: Neither Americas Sweethearts Nor Drug-Crazed Demons 25 January 2020 , Variety ...
  • Over the next several centuries more colonies were established in North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. (wikipedia.org)
  • In El Salvador, in 1989, a Salvadoran army patrol executed six Jesuit priests as they lay face-down on the ground at Central America University. (thirdworldtraveler.com)
  • Still others, like the Central American nations that welcome the challenges of globalization, will seek FTAA on an accelerated timetable and will lobby for a free trade agreement between Central America and the United States and Canada by, say, 2002 as an interim step. (washingtontimes.com)
  • THE UNITED STATES and Central America are in the grip of their worst measles epidemics in years. (newscientist.com)
  • In Central America the problem is more severe. (newscientist.com)
  • Since the Americas extend 14,000 km (8,700 mi) from north to south, the climate and ecology vary widely, from the arctic tundra of Northern Canada, Greenland, and Alaska, to the tropical rain forests in Central America and South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • SANTA CLARITA, Calif. , May 31, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Princess Cruises has announced its 2017-2018 Americas cruise itineraries from Fall 2017 to Spring 2018 including sailings to the Caribbean , Panama Canal, Mexico , Hawaii , and the California Coast. (prnewswire.com)
  • Our 2017-2018 Americas season offers exciting itineraries for our guests to choose the perfect cruise vacation from homeports in the United States and Canada ,' said Jan Swartz , Princess Cruises president. (prnewswire.com)
  • O ur regularly updated South America tours page features expert advice and inspiration to help you plan the perfect trip. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • In 2016, BP Acetyls Americas celebrated the 30-year anniversary of a production agreement with the Texas City acetic acid site that has been in place since 1986. (bp.com)
  • ‌ Start-up Latin America 2016 presents an update of start-up promotion policies in the region. (oecd.org)
  • A progress report, "Startup Latin America 2016: Building and Innovative Future", was presented and benefited from comments from high level participants at the Startup Nation Summit (SNS) in Monterrey (Mexico) on November 20, 2015. (oecd.org)
  • 2019 Ram Heavy Duty: Jim Morrison, Head of Ram Brand North America - Duration: 2 minutes, 30 seconds. (youtube.com)
  • The 2019 Americas Rugby Challenge or ARCh 2019 was the second edition of the Americas Rugby Challenge, a men's rugby union international tournament for tier 2 teams in North and South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the 2019 edition, the host nation, Colombia, was joined by Sudamérica Rugby rivals Paraguay while the Cayman Islands and Mexico represented Rugby Americas North. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, America's image as a defender of democracy and justice has been further eroded by the School of the Americas (SOA), which trains Latin American and Caribbean military officers and soldiers to subvert democracy and kill hope in their own countries. (thirdworldtraveler.com)
  • Completing the circle of unlikelihoods, the last count of Bearhaven was possibly the most energetic spokesman for democracy America has ever seen. (nytimes.com)
  • The Americas Majority website states that the War of Words Project "assembles veterans, and particularly veterans of the Operation Iraqi Freedom , to describe the rationale of U.S. pro-democracy policy in the Middle East. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The two-day event aims to create jobs and promote democracy throughout Latin America. (npr.org)
  • The journey includes an appearance at Friday's opening session of the Summit of the Americas, an event that aims to create jobs and promote democracy throughout Latin America. (npr.org)
  • But the Bush administration hopes to make clear this weekend that the Americas are a priority, with democracy and free trade its key planks to boost hemispheric prosperity. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The official Summit of the Americas puts special emphasis to strengthening democracy, but so far, there's little consensus among hemispheric leaders on how to achieve that goal. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • After several sustained periods of political instability in the 1960s and 1970s, especially in Latin America and the Caribbean, democracy rapidly spread throughout the Region, leading to 25 years of relative stability that fostered institutional and social reform, especially civil society engagement in policy development and implementation. (paho.org)
  • Petrobras had planned to change its brand name to boost its international appeal at a time when the company is moving to become a global oil player, with investments in Latin America and Africa. (wsj.com)
  • this period saw Britain increasingly focus on Asia and Africa instead of the Americas, and increasingly focus on the expansion of trade rather than territorial possessions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chikungunya's carrier in Africa, Aedes aegypti , also lives in the warmer parts of the Americas and could have carried the outbreak in St Martin. (newscientist.com)
  • Diseases introduced from Europe and West Africa devastated the indigenous peoples, and the European powers colonized the Americas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The feminine form America accorded with the feminine names of Asia, Africa, and Europa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since December 2013, the chikungunya virus has spread to many new countries and territories in the Americas (the Caribbean, Central, Latin, North and South America) and infected increasing numbers of people. (cdc.gov)
  • Drawing on the collections of NLM's History of Medicine Division and including works from the United States, Latin America, the Caribbean and Canada, this initial release of Medicine in the Americas encompasses monographs dating from 1610 to 1865. (nih.gov)
  • Alessandra Pinna is the Senior Program Manager for the Latin America and the Caribbean programs at Freedom House. (freedomhouse.org)
  • Deborah Ullmer is Freedom House's Director for Latin America and the Caribbean. (freedomhouse.org)
  • Review is an English language journal for literature from Latin America, the Caribbean, and Canada. (wikipedia.org)
  • The meeting gathered Ministries, regulatory agencies, CEOs of major telecom companies, experts and representatives of major international organisations to discuss the challenges to close the digital gap in Latin America by 2020. (oecd.org)
  • The ITU provides assistance and support in the Americas region through a Regional Office based in Brasilia, hosted by the government of Brazil and other three Area Offices located in Bridgetown (Barbados), Santiago (Chile) and Tegucigalpa (Honduras). (itu.int)
  • In the Americas, only Brazil, Canada, the US and the French territories of French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique have the capability to test for the virus, says Donna Eberwine-Villagrán of PAHO. (newscientist.com)
  • The Americas are home to nearly a billion inhabitants, two-thirds of whom reside in the United States, Brazil, and Mexico. (wikipedia.org)
  • New Approaches to the Americas is an innovative series, intended to provide concise but authoritative surveys of major themes and problems in Latin American history from the colonial period to the present day. (cambridge.org)
  • The early part of the new millennium saw America release not only a handful of live albums and a holiday-themed studio recording, but also the exhaustive, career-spanning box set Highway, released in 2000. (apple.com)
  • Wikimedia Commons has media related to Americas . (wikipedia.org)
  • You can still register to view the America Recycles Innovation Fair and Summit. (epa.gov)
  • President Bush attends the Summit of the Americas in Mar del Plata, Argentina. (npr.org)
  • November 6, 2005 Negotiators were unable to agree on a U.S.-favored free-trade zone covering most of North and South America at this week's Summit of the Americas in Mar Del Plata, Argentina. (npr.org)
  • November 5, 2005 The 34-nation Summit of the Americas concludes in Mar del Plata, Argentina, with little apparent progress on a free-trade area promoted by President Bush. (npr.org)
  • November 5, 2005 President Bush's attendance at the Summit of the Americas triggered violent protests in Mar Del Plata, Argentina, the site of the summit. (npr.org)
  • November 4, 2005 President Bush faces tens of thousands of protesters and harsh questioning at the two-day Summit of the Americas in Argentina. (npr.org)
  • November 3, 2005 President Bush travels Thursday to the Argentine city of Mar del Plata for the fourth Summit of the Americas. (npr.org)
  • November 3, 2005 The leaders of more than 30 Western Hemisphere nations, including President Bush, are arriving at the Argentine seaside resort of Mar del Plata for Friday's Summit of the Americas. (npr.org)
  • The weekend of April 20-22, the worlds attention will be focused on the third Summit of the Americas that will be held in Quebec, Canada. (washingtontimes.com)
  • This because its government is the only remaining dictatorship in the Americas, and the summit has been limited to democratic countries since it was first held in Miami in 1995. (washingtontimes.com)
  • First, the summit will help underscore the importance that the Western Hemisphere´s leaders attach to increasing the solidarity and integration of the Americas. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The summit´s script calls for the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) to go into effect by 2005. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Pioneer Solutions will be traveling to Houston on January 21 - 23, 2014 to attend the Argus Americas Crude Summit. (prweb.com)
  • Start-up Latin America: Promoting Innovation in the Region was pre-launched in Panamá City at a plenary session of the First Regional Telecom Congress (23-26 July 2013) in the frame of the associated meetings of the XXIII Iberoamerican Head of States and Governments Summit. (oecd.org)
  • That's the word from the White House on the eve of the Third Summit of the Americas in Quebec, Canada, where Bush will meet Friday with 33 hemispheric counterparts to discuss trade and cooperation, amid heavy security. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Visit the menu items above for the history of the Trans Am as well as samples of these great cars here in Canada . (google.com)
  • The British colonization of the Americas was the history of establishment of control, settlement, and colonization of the continents of the Americas by England , Scotland and Great Britain (after 1707). (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the first voyage of Christopher Columbus in 1492, Spain and Portugal established colonies in the New World , beginning the European colonization of the Americas . (wikipedia.org)
  • however, the legacy of the colonization and settlement by Europeans is that the Americas share many common cultural traits, most notably Christianity and the use of Indo-European languages: primarily Spanish, English, Portuguese, French, and, to a lesser extent, Dutch. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic to European colonization during the Early Modern period. (wikipedia.org)
  • These imperialist rulers of America are the worst enemies of the American people. (marxists.org)
  • Cathay Pacific Airways has appointed Tom Owen to senior vice president, Americas. (flightglobal.com)
  • The Norwegian software vendor eZ Systems AS ( http://www.ez.no ), known for its award-winning Open Source Web Content Management Platform eZ Publish, announces that Dylan T. Williams joins the company as the new Vice President of the Americas. (prweb.com)
  • In early 1973, America won the Grammy Award for Best New Artist of 1972. (apple.com)
  • A prediction: The damage done by Harvey - as well as the physical, psychic and political costs - will cause many to echo the slogan of George McGovern in 1972, when he exhorted the country to "come home, America. (lewrockwell.com)
  • The Pontiac Trans Am Canada website is not affiliated with, authorized by, or in any way a product of Pontiac Motor Division or General Motors Corporation. (google.com)
  • Make Roads Safe, North America, is composed of a diverse group of national, state, local, academic, advocacy, and other organizations in the US and Canada united in a Campaign for Global Road Safety (see Supporters at www.makeroadssafe.org). (who.int)
  • Indigenous peoples in the Americas created a variety of agricultural systems that were suited to a wide range of environments , from southern Canada to southern South America and from high elevations in the Andes to the lowlands of the Amazon River . (britannica.com)
  • Assemblages of artifacts such as Collins', painstakingly excavated over years, form an ever-advancing line of research into the population of the Americas.They are a primary means of overturning the long-standing theory that a group of big-game hunter-gatherers crossed over a land bridge from Siberia to Alaska, known as Beringia, making their way south through an ice-free corridor in western Canada around 13,000 years ago. (archaeology.org)
  • In modern English, North and South America are generally considered separate continents, and taken together are called the Americas, or more rarely America. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first documented settlement of Europeans in the Americas was established by Norse people led by Leif Erikson around 1000 AD in what is now Newfoundland , called Vinland by the Norse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Washington, DC - August 21, 2012) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a settlement with INEOS Chlor Americas, Inc., based in Wilmington, Del. (epa.gov)
  • Historians may record 1906 as the year of the Great San Francisco Earthquake, but, for anthropologists, it is the year that split the Hopi community of Orayvi, the longest continually occupied settlement in North America. (amnh.org)
  • The subsequent migration of the Inuit into the neoarctic around 3500 BCE completed what is generally regarded as the settlement by the indigenous peoples of the Americas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first known European settlement in the Americas was by the Norse explorer Leif Erikson. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the recent Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic in the Americas and its link to birth defects have attracted a great deal of attention 1 , 2 , much remains unknown about ZIKV disease epidemiology and ZIKV evolution, in part owing to a lack of genomic data. (nature.com)
  • The earliest evidence of crops appears between 9000 and 8000 bp in Mexico and South America. (britannica.com)
  • Historically, in the English-speaking world, the term America usually referred to a single continent until the 1950s (as in Van Loon's Geography of 1937): According to historians Kären Wigen and Martin W. Lewis, While it might seem surprising to find North and South America still joined into a single continent in a book published in the United States in 1937, such a notion remained fairly common until World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • NEW YORK (Reuters) - Goldman Sachs Group Inc ( GS.N ) has appointed investment bankers David Dubner and Pete Michelsen to be co-heads of activism and shareholder advisory for the Americas, the bank said on Monday in a memo. (reuters.com)
  • Indigenous peoples in the Americas domesticated fewer animal species than their Old World counterparts, in large part because the Americas were home to fewer gregarious , or herding, species of appropriate size and temperament. (britannica.com)
  • The Spanish presence involved the enslavement of large numbers of the indigenous population of America. (wikipedia.org)
  • He will urge quick action to form a Free Trade Area of the Americas, spanning the hemisphere, excluding Cuba. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • It is the first time the mosquito-borne virus is known to have spread in the Americas. (newscientist.com)
  • In 1497, King Henry VII of England dispatched an expedition led by John Cabot to explore the coast of North America, but the lack of precious metals or other riches discouraged both the Spanish and English from permanently settling in North America during the early 17th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • After releasing America in Concert in the summer of 1985, the group continued to tour successfully into the '90s, re-surfacing in 1998 with Human Nature. (apple.com)
  • The Center for Inter-American Relations was later to be absorbed into Americas Society in 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benemerito de las Americas may refer to: Benemérito de las Américas, a town and one of the 119 Municipalities of Chiapas, in southern Mexico Benemerito De Las Americas, a former private high school operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints in Mexico City, which now functions as a Missionary Training Center for that church This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Benemerito de las Americas. (wikipedia.org)
  • I am absolutely confident that he and his team in New York will bring forward our goals of increasing our market share and broadening the presence of eZ Systems across the Americas, particularly North America. (prweb.com)
  • Organised crime, armed groups, statelessness and decades of conflict all pose a serious risk to populations in the Americas . (unhcr.org)
  • Their decisions will shape and guide America for decades to come. (angelfire.com)
  • For the last several decades, in addition to capturing everyone's attention because of the skill that making them requires, Clovis points have been thought to have been made by the first people to inhabit the Americas. (archaeology.org)
  • The flatter eastern side of the Americas is dominated by large river basins, such as the Amazon, St. Lawrence River-Great Lakes basin, Mississippi, and La Plata. (wikipedia.org)
  • The masters of America, drunk with power, are threatening and terrifying the people of the world-seeking to dominate and enslave them-striving to transform the other countries of the world into colonies of the American empire. (marxists.org)
  • To avoid this calamity it is necessary now to show the people of the world the other America. (marxists.org)
  • For there are two Americas-and millions of the people already distinguish between them. (marxists.org)
  • This is the America the people of the world hate and fear. (marxists.org)
  • A string of Top Ten singles and albums followed during the middle years of the decade ('Tin Man,' 'Lonely People,' 'Sister Golden Hair'), plus America scored a latter-day hit in 1982 with 'You Can Do Magic. (apple.com)
  • Holiday returned America to the top of the charts, peaking at number three and launching the hit singles 'Tin Man' and 'Lonely People. (apple.com)
  • One of the initial clues that people had arrived in the Americas before Clovis came from the southernmost tip of the hemisphere: the Monte Verde site in Chile, 600 miles south of the capital, Santiago. (archaeology.org)
  • The secret government decided that the passage of civil rights laws and affirmative action would not be enough to overcome the white population s resistance to transforming America into a multicultural society. (angelfire.com)
  • Originally created in 1969 as a top-level model of the Firebird, the Trans Am went through 4 different generations - the last one being built in 2002. (google.com)
  • Following the onset of the Cold War , most of the remaining British colonies in the Americas gained independence between 1962 and 1983. (wikipedia.org)
  • REITs have also played a critical role for both investors and communities across America. (washingtonpost.com)
  • According to an April 6, 2006, article in the Kansas City Strip 's The Pitch by Eric Barton, Americas Majority president Richard Nadler "recruited" Iraq war vet U.S. Marine Corporal Richard Gibson "to join two other Iraq vets who [were] convinced that news outlets aren't showing the real war" in Iraq. (sourcewatch.org)
  • AM sets the agenda for the nation s daily news and current affairs coverage. (abc.net.au)
  • Legal Compass delivers you the full scope of information, from the rankings of the Am Law 200 and NLJ 500 to intricate details and comparisons of firms' financials, staffing, clients, news and events. (law.com)
  • americas rugby news. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spread of chikungunya virus from other areas outside of the Americas. (cdc.gov)
  • Is this chikungunya epidemic going to continue spreading throughout the Americas? (cdc.gov)
  • The mosquitoes that can transmit chikungunya virus are common in many parts of the Americas, including parts of the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • But "controlling the spread of [insect-borne] viruses in the Americas has not been very successful," admits PAHO in its chikungunya response report. (newscientist.com)
  • By the second half of the sixteenth century, New Granada was emerging as the major gold-producer in South America , particularly as miners invested in the purchase of black slaves to replace the diminishing native labor force in Cáceres and Zaragoza. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The great majority of the peoples of the world do not want to be slaves of America. (marxists.org)
  • China's Ganfeng Lithium Co said on Friday it will take control of an Argentina lithium project it has been developing with Lithium Americas Corp, cementing its control over a key source of the white metal for electric vehicle batteries. (reuters.com)
  • Lithium Americas Corp, which is developing lithium projects in Argentina and Nevada, said on Wednesday that its quarterly loss shrank as costs fell and sales rose, and that its chief executive would retire. (reuters.com)
  • China's Ganfeng Lithium Co said on Monday it would spend $160 million to boost its ownership stake in an Argentina lithium project with Lithium Americas Corp, part of a plan to solidify its access to the white metal used to make electric vehicle batteries. (reuters.com)
  • Later European exploration of North America resumed with Christopher Columbus 's 1492 expedition sponsored by Spain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several other English colonies were established in North America during the 17th and 18th centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • England captured the Dutch colony of New Netherland in the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the mid-17th century, leaving North America divided amongst the English, Spanish , and French empires . (wikipedia.org)
  • In the mid-19th century, Britain began the process of granting self-government to its remaining colonies in North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following their British success, America returned to North America, beginning a supporting tour for the Everly Brothers. (apple.com)
  • While FTAA will entail turbulence for some outdated, inefficient industries both north and south of the Rio Grande, it harbors brighter prospects for all of the Americas. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Agriculture arose independently in at least three regions: South America, Mesoamerica, and eastern North America. (britannica.com)
  • Swidden production, also known as slash-and-burn agriculture , was practiced from temperate eastern North America to the tropical lowlands of South America . (britannica.com)
  • Collins was en route to the Paleoamerican Odyssey conference, where he and other researchers would lay out their evidence, gathered from sites throughout North, Central, and South America, as part of the ongoing effort to piece together a picture of how and when humans settled these lands millennia ago. (archaeology.org)
  • 96 The Americas, which are also collectively called America, are a landmass comprising the totality of North and South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was applied to both North and South America by Gerardus Mercator in 1538. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the 1950s, however, virtually all American geographers had come to insist that the visually distinct landmasses of North and South America deserved separate designations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The competition brings together Rugby Americas North (RAN) and Sudamérica Rugby, following the example of the Americas Rugby Championship (ARC). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Americas Society, together with Council of the Americas, produces the publication Americas Quarterly, a policy journal for the Western Hemisphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adopting the name America, the group landed a contract with Jeff Dexter, a promoter for the Roundhouse concert venue. (apple.com)
  • The Americas Society produces the MetLife Music of the Americas (concert series) to showcase the diversity of styles and genres of music in the Americas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since taking office, he's met with a half dozen heads of government from Latin America, including Chile's president this week. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • On display this week was America at her best. (lewrockwell.com)
  • The work of the ITU Field Offices in the Americas aims at ensuring that all members benefit from the work of the three Sectors of the Union, addressing the specific needs of the region and of each country. (itu.int)
  • Nokia led the first 5G network implementations in the Latin America region. (nokia.com)
  • The ongoing assessment shows that Latin America is a region in motion: the policy mix of targeted tools has been modernized and new actors and forms rose up in start-up promotion since 2012. (oecd.org)
  • Start-up Latin America: Promoting Innovation in the Region analyses the role of policies in promoting the creation and expansion of start-ups. (oecd.org)
  • Throughout these years, recognition that health is a right was gaining ground, and these documents became the backbone of important international strategies in pursuit of universal health and well-being for all in the Region of the Americas. (paho.org)
  • The Microscopy Society of America (MSA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to the promotion and advancement of techniques and applications of microscopy and microanalysis in all relevant scientific disciplines. (cambridge.org)
  • The Americas Society is an organization dedicated to education, debate, and dialogue on the Americas. (wikipedia.org)