North AmericaSouth AmericaAmericas: The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Central AmericaCaribbean Region: The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)ArgentinaPan American Health Organization: WHO regional office for the Americas acting as a coordinating agency for the improvement of health conditions in the hemisphere. The four main functions are: control or eradication of communicable diseases, strengthening of national and local health services, education and training, and research.EuropeHistory, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Indians, South American: Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.Oceania: The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)AfricaGenetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Indians, Central American: Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.ChileColombiaMexicoGuatemalaUnited StatesPeruArchaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Radiometric Dating: Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Siberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.PanamaBelizeHondurasVenezuelaBrazilEmigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Chagas Disease: Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.Dinosaurs: General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.EcuadorEcosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)BoliviaHistory, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Guyana: A republic in the north of South America, east of VENEZUELA and west of SURINAME. Its capital is Georgetown.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.DNA, Ribosomal Spacer: The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).Insect Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.Trypanosoma cruzi: The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.El SalvadorHaplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.ParaguaySpecies Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Paracoccidioides: A mitosporic fungal genus. P. brasiliensis (previously Blastomyces brasiliensis) is the etiologic agent of PARACOCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Paracoccidioidomycosis: A mycosis affecting the skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes, and internal organs. It is caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. It is also called paracoccidioidal granuloma. Superficial resemblance of P. brasiliensis to Blastomyces brasiliensis (BLASTOMYCES) may cause misdiagnosis.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Costa RicaDisease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.UruguayPrevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Animal Distribution: A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Confederate States of America: The area of those states which seceded in 1861 from the union of the United States of America. They include South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Communicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.NicaraguaEurope, EasternHistory, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Triatoma: A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Several species are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome: Acute respiratory illness in humans caused by the Muerto Canyon virus whose primary rodent reservoir is the deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus. First identified in the southwestern United States, this syndrome is characterized most commonly by fever, myalgias, headache, cough, and rapid respiratory failure.Extinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.West Nile virus: A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)West Nile Fever: A mosquito-borne viral illness caused by the WEST NILE VIRUS, a FLAVIVIRUS and endemic to regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Common clinical features include HEADACHE; FEVER; maculopapular rash; gastrointestinal symptoms; and lymphadenopathy. MENINGITIS; ENCEPHALITIS; and MYELITIS may also occur. The disease may occasionally be fatal or leave survivors with residual neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13; Lancet 1998 Sep 5;352(9130):767-71)Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Disease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Triatominae: A subfamily of assassin bugs (REDUVIIDAE) that are obligate blood-suckers of vertebrates. Included are the genera TRIATOMA; RHODNIUS; and PANSTRONGYLUS, which are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, the agent of CHAGAS DISEASE in humans.French Guiana: A French overseas department on the northeast coast of South America. Its capital is Cayenne. It was first settled by the French in 1604. Early development was hindered because of the presence of a penal colony. The name of the country and the capital are variants of Guyana, possibly from the native Indian Guarani guai (born) + ana (kin), implying a united and interrelated race of people. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p418 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p195)Far East: A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.Hantavirus: A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE causing HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS, first identified during the Korean war. Infection is found primarily in rodents and humans. Transmission does not appear to involve arthropods. HANTAAN VIRUS is the type species.Paleopathology: The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Genetic Speciation: The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Gene Pool: The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Peromyscus: A genus of the subfamily SIGMODONTINAE consisting of 49 species. Two of these are widely used in medical research. They are P. leucopus, or the white-footed mouse, and P. maniculatus, or the deer mouse.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Dengue: An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Yellow Fever: An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus. The severe form is characterized by fever, HEMOLYTIC JAUNDICE, and renal damage.Chiroptera: Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.West Indies: Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Paleodontology: The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.American Native Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.Molecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Neglected Diseases: Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).Geological Phenomena: The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.Tropical Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.Communicable DiseasesAnimals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Anthropology: The science devoted to the comparative study of man.Northwestern United States: The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.Dentition: The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Chagas Cardiomyopathy: A disease of the CARDIAC MUSCLE developed subsequent to the initial protozoan infection by TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI. After infection, less than 10% develop acute illness such as MYOCARDITIS (mostly in children). The disease then enters a latent phase without clinical symptoms until about 20 years later. Myocardial symptoms of advanced CHAGAS DISEASE include conduction defects (HEART BLOCK) and CARDIOMEGALY.Societies, Medical: Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Biography as Topic: A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Geological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.AlaskaAtlantic OceanSouthwestern United States: The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.Encephalomyelitis, Eastern Equine: A form of arboviral encephalitis (primarily affecting equines) endemic to eastern regions of North America. The causative organism (ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS, EASTERN EQUINE) may be transmitted to humans via the bite of AEDES mosquitoes. Clinical manifestations include the acute onset of fever, HEADACHE, altered mentation, and SEIZURES followed by coma. The condition is fatal in up to 50% of cases. Recovery may be marked by residual neurologic deficits and EPILEPSY. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp9-10)Psychodidae: Small, hairy, moth-like flies which are of considerable public health importance as vectors of certain pathogenic organisms. Important disease-related genera are PHLEBOTOMUS, Lutzomyia, and Sergentomyia.Cytochromes b: Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.Basidiomycota: A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.Culicidae: A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.Australasia: Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Encephalitis Virus, Eastern Equine: A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans. The virus ranges along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States and Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Infections in horses show a mortality of up to 90 percent and in humans as high as 80 percent in epidemics.Minor Planets: Small solar system planetary bodies including asteroids. Most asteroids are found within the gap lying between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.Ascomycota: A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.Pacific Islands: The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)Rabies: Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.Muscidae: A family of the order DIPTERA with over 700 species. Important species that may be mechanical vectors of disease include Musca domesticus (HOUSEFLIES), Musca autumnalis (face fly), Stomoxys calcitrans (stable fly), Haematobia irritans (horn fly) and Fannia spp.Encephalitis Virus, Venezuelan Equine: A species of ALPHAVIRUS that is the etiologic agent of encephalomyelitis in humans and equines. It is seen most commonly in parts of Central and South America.Guadeloupe: The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)Cestoda: A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.Quercus: A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE that is a source of TANNINS. Do not confuse with Holly (ILEX).DNA, Protozoan: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.Developed Countries: Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.Yellow fever virus: The type species of the FLAVIVIRUS genus. Principal vector transmission to humans is by AEDES spp. mosquitoes.Geography, Medical: The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.Canidae: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.Simuliidae: Several species of the genus Simulium (family Simuliidae) that act as intermediate hosts (vectors) for the parasitic disease ONCHOCERCIASIS.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Sloths: Slow-moving exclusively arboreal mammals that inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Time: The dimension of the physical universe which, at a given place, orders the sequence of events. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Genome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.Disease Eradication: Termination of all transmission of infection by global extermination of the infectious agent through surveillance and containment (From Porta, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed).Sigmodontinae: A subfamily of the family MURIDAE comprised of 69 genera. New World mice and rats are included in this subfamily.Topography, Medical: The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.WyomingCoccidioidomycosis: Infection with a fungus of the genus COCCIDIOIDES, endemic to the SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES. It is sometimes called valley fever but should not be confused with RIFT VALLEY FEVER. Infection is caused by inhalation of airborne, fungal particles known as arthroconidia, a form of FUNGAL SPORES. A primary form is an acute, benign, self-limited respiratory infection. A secondary form is a virulent, severe, chronic, progressive granulomatous disease with systemic involvement. It can be detected by use of COCCIDIOIDIN.Rodentia: A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.Hantavirus Infections: Infections with viruses of the genus HANTAVIRUS. This is associated with at least four clinical syndromes: HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME caused by viruses of the Hantaan group; a milder form of HFRS caused by SEOUL VIRUS; nephropathia epidemica caused by PUUMALA VIRUS; and HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME caused by SIN NOMBRE VIRUS.Food Parasitology: The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.Onchocerciasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.Sentinel Surveillance: Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Asteraceae: A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Lythrum: A plant genus of the family LYTHRACEAE that contains ALKALOIDS.

Measles eradication: experience in the Americas. (1/346)

In 1994, the Ministers of Health from the Region of the Americas targeted measles for eradication from the Western Hemisphere by the year 2000. To achieve this goal, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) developed an enhanced measles eradication strategy. First, a one-time-only "catch-up" measles vaccination campaign is conducted among children aged 9 months to 14 years. Efforts are then made to vaccinate through routine health services ("keep-up") at least 95% of each newborn cohort at 12 months of age. Finally, to assure high population immunity among preschool-aged children, indiscriminate "follow-up" measles vaccination campaigns are conducted approximately every 4 years. These vaccination activities are accompanied by improvements in measles surveillance, including the laboratory testing of suspected measles cases. The implementation of the PAHO strategy has resulted in a marked reduction in measles incidence in all countries of the Americas. Indeed, in 1996 the all-time regional record low of 2109 measles cases was reported. There was a relative resurgence of measles in 1997 with over 20,000 cases, due to a large measles outbreak among infants, preschool-aged children and young adults in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Contributing factors for this outbreak included: low routine infant vaccination coverage, failure to conduct a "follow-up" campaign, presence of susceptible young adults, and the importation of measles virus, apparently from Europe. PAHO's strategy has been effective in interrupting measles virus circulation. This experience demonstrates that global measles eradication is an achievable goal using currently available measles vaccines.  (+info)

Linguistic diversity of the Americas can be reconciled with a recent colonization. (2/346)

The Americas harbor a very great diversity of indigenous language stocks, many more than are found in any other continent. J. Nichols [(1990) Language 66, 475-521] has argued that this diversity indicates a great time depth of in situ evolution. She thus infers that the colonization of the Americas must have begun around 35,000 years ago. This estimate is much earlier than the date for which there is strong archaeological support, which does not much exceed 12,000 years. Nichols' assumption is that the diversity of linguistic stocks increases linearly with time. This paper compares the major continents of the world to show that this assumption is not correct. In fact, stock diversity is highest in the Americas, which are by consensus the youngest continents, intermediate in Australia and New Guinea, and lowest in Africa and Eurasia where the time depth is greatest. If anything, then, after an initial radiation, stock diversity decreases with time. A simple model is outlined that predicts these dynamics. It assumes that early in the peopling of continents, there are many unfilled niches for communities to live in, and so fissioning into new lineages is frequent. As the habitat is filled up, the rate of fissioning declines and lineage extinction becomes the dominant evolutionary force.  (+info)

Evolution and origins of tobamoviruses. (3/346)

More than a dozen tobamoviruses are known. In nature, each species probably survives by moving between several closely related host species. Each infected plant contains a population of variants, but in most host populations the tobamovirus population is stable. The phylogenetic relationships of tobamovirus species broadly correlate with those of their angiosperm hosts. The simplest explanation for this correlation is that they have coevolved with the angiosperms, and hence, like them, are about 120-140 million years old. Gene sequence differences between species also indicate that the tobamoviruses are an ancient genus. Their gene sequences, and the protein motifs they encode, link them to tobraviruses, hordeiviruses and soil-borne wheat mosaic virus, more distantly to the tricornaviruses, and even to hepatitis virus E and other furoviruses, rubiviruses and alphaviruses. Their progenitors may have been associated with charophycean algae, and perhaps also plasmodiophoromycete fungi.  (+info)

Interspecies transfer of female mitochondrial DNA is coupled with role-reversals and departure from neutrality in the mussel Mytilus trossulus. (4/346)

Mussels of the genus Mytilus have distinct and highly diverged male and female mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genomes with separate routes of inheritance. Previous studies of European populations of Mytilus trossulus demonstrated that 33% of males are heteroplasmic for a second mtDNA genome of increased length and that hybridization with Mytilus edulis does not block mtDNA introgression, in contrast to reports for American populations. Here, we demonstrate that the female mtDNA type of M. edulis has replaced the resident female mtDNA type of European M. trossulus. This is supported by COIII sequence data indicating that the female mtDNA of European M. trossulus is very similar to that of M. edulis and that in phylogenetic trees, the mtDNAs of these two species cluster together but separately from American M. trossulus sequences, the latter not being disturbed by introgressive hybridization. We also provide evidence that the mtDNA genome of increased length found in heteroplasmic males of European M. trossulus derives from a recent partition of an introgressed M. edulis female type into the male route of transmission. Neutrality tests reveal that European populations of M. trossulus display an excess of replacement polymorphism within the female mtDNA type with respect to conspecific American populations, as well as a significant excess of rare variants, of a similar magnitude to those previously reported for the invading European M. edulis mtDNA. Results are consistent with a nearly neutral model of molecular evolution and suggest that selection acting on European M. trossulus mtDNA is largely independent of the nuclear genetic background.  (+info)

Suicide, religion, and socioeconomic conditions. An ecological study in 26 countries, 1990. (5/346)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Relative risks are frequently assumed to be stable across populations but this may not apply in psychiatric epidemiology where sociocultural context may modify them. Such ecological effect modification will give curved associations between aggregated risk factor and outcome. This was examined in connection with the ecological association between suicide rates and an aggregate index of religiosity. DESIGN: Ecological study of associations between suicide rates and an index of religiosity, adjusted for socioeconomic variation. The effect of stratification of the study sample according to levels of religiosity, was examined. SETTING: 26 European and American countries. SUBJECTS: Interview data from 37,688 people aggregated by country. OUTCOME MEASURES: Age and sex specific (1986-1990) suicide rates. MAIN RESULT: Adjusted for socioeconomic variation, negative associations of male suicide rates with religiosity were apparent in the 13 least religious countries only (test for interaction F (1, 25) = 5.6; p = 0.026). Associations between religiosity and female suicide rates did not vary across countries. CONCLUSION: The bent ecological association was apparent only after adjustment for socioeconomic variation suggesting that, rather than confounding, ecological modification of individual level links between religion and male (but not female) suicide risk is the responsible mechanism. This concurs with micro-level findings suggesting that suicide acceptance depends not only on personal but also on contextual levels of religious belief, and that men are more sensitive to this phenomenon than women. In psychiatric epidemiology, relative risks vary with the exposure's prevalence. This has important implications for research and prevention.  (+info)

Genetic structure of natural populations of Escherichia coli in wild hosts on different continents. (6/346)

Current knowledge of genotypic and phenotypic diversity in the species Escherichia coli is based almost entirely on strains recovered from humans or zoo animals. In this study, we analyzed a collection of 202 strains obtained from 81 mammalian species representing 39 families and 14 orders in Australia and the Americas, as well as several reference strains; we also included a strain from a reptile and 10 from different families of birds collected in Mexico. The strains were characterized genotypically by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) and phenotypically by patterns of sugar utilization, antibiotic resistance, and plasmid profile. MLEE analysis yielded an estimated genetic diversity (H) of 0.682 for 11 loci. The observed genetic diversity in this sample is the greatest yet reported for E. coli. However, this genetic diversity is not randomly distributed; geographic effects and host taxonomic group accounted for most of the genetic differentiation. The genetic relationship among the strains showed that they are more associated by origin and host order than is expected by chance. In a dendrogram, the ancestral cluster includes primarily strains from Australia and ECOR strains from groups B and C. The most differentiated E. coli in our analysis are strains from Mexican carnivores and strains from humans, including those in the ECOR group A. The kinds and numbers of sugars utilized by the strains varied by host taxonomic group and country of origin. Strains isolated from bats were found to exploit the greatest range of sugars, while those from primates utilized the fewest. Toxins are more frequent in strains from rodents from both continents than in any other taxonomic group. Strains from Mexican wild mammals were, on average, as resistant to antibiotics as strains from humans in cities. On average, the Australian strains presented a lower antibiotic resistance than the Mexican strains. However, strains recovered from hosts in cities carried significantly more plasmids than did strains isolated from wild mammals. Previous studies have shown that natural populations of E. coli harbor an extensive genetic diversity that is organized in a limited number of clones. However, knowledge of this worldwide bacterium has been limited. Here, we suggest that the strains from a wide range of wild hosts from different regions of the world are organized in an ecotypic structure where adaptation to the host plays an important role in the population structure.  (+info)

Update: influenza activity--worldwide, May-September 1999. (7/346)

In collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), the WHO international network of collaborating laboratories, and state and local health departments, CDC conducts surveillance to monitor influenza activity and to detect antigenic changes in the circulating strains of influenza viruses. From October 1998 through April 1999, influenza activity was moderate to severe in the Northern Hemisphere. Influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominated but influenza type B viruses were isolated more frequently than influenza A in some countries. Influenza A(H1N1) viruses were isolated from sporadic cases in Asia, Europe, and North America, and from outbreaks in South America. Since May 1999, influenza activity associated primarily with influenza A(H3N2) viruses has peaked and is declining in the Southern Hemisphere. This report summarizes worldwide influenza activity during May-September 1999 and the antigenic characteristics of influenza isolates collected during May-August 1999.  (+info)

Status of national diabetes programmes in the Americas. (8/346)

Reported are the responses in the latter half of 1997 of all ministries of health in the Region of the Americas to the Declaration of the Americas on Diabetes, which was adopted by the Directing Council of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in 1996 as a basis for national programme development in diabetes. The short-term targets were the designation of national focal points, the preparation of national estimates of the disease burden, and the development and implementation of national strategies and plans to deal with diabetes. The survey found that most countries recognized diabetes as a significant public health problem. In terms of global relevance, a number of lessons have been learned from this exercise: the role of broadly based participation in gaining recognition at the national health policy level; the wide acceptance of an integrated programme model; the relevance of process-related targets to achieve short-term success; and the critical role of having a designated focal point within the managerial approach.  (+info)

*Valley of Mexico

permanent dead link] Gallup, John Luke (2003). Is Geography Destiny? Lessons from Latin America. Washington, D.C., USA: World ...

*Boundary Treaty of 1866 between Chile and Bolivia

... a formula devised mainly to prevent European nations from setting foot in America, on the plea that between one heritage and ... several long-running border conflicts arose in America after independence throughout the 19th century. Bolivia had claimed ...

*Costa Chica of Guerrero

Another states that they migrated from South America. Amuzgo folklore states that they came from islands in the sea. The Amuzgo ... as Mexico was the second-largest slave importer in the Americas, after Brazil. The first Africans brought to the Pacific coast ...

*Economic history of Chile

Following a tendency common in the whole Spanish America haciendas were formed as the economy moved away from mining and into ... The overall development resulted in Chile becoming one of the high-income countries in South America. Following the discovery ... 3 (Apr., 1996), S. 299-320, 308 f. Anil Hira, Ideas and Economic Policy in Latin America, Praeger Publishers, 1998, ISBN 0-275- ... Hoover Press, 1984, ISBN 0-8179-8062-8, p. 8. Anil Hira, Ideas and Economic Policy in Latin America, Praeger Publishers, 1998, ...

*Quetzaltenango

In 2008, the Central American Congress PARLACEN stated that every September 15, Quetzaltenango will be Central America's ... one of the states or provinces of the Federal Republic of Central America. As the union broke up, the army of Guatemala under ... Central America; Describing Each of the States of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. London: Trelawney ... pro football team History of Guatemala History of Central America Tromsø, Norway, Quetzaltenango's twin city Livermore, ...

*Health care in Colombia

"21 Colombian clinics among the best 44 in Latin America". America Economia magazine. Retrieved 9 June 2017. "Centro de ... Alberto Villegas performed the first heart transplant in Latin America to Antonio Yepes. On May 20, 1994 Dr. Manuel Elkin ... A study conducted by América Economía magazine ranked 21 Colombian health care institutions among the top 44 in Latin America, ...

*Peruvian Ribereño Spanish

Between 1535 and 1739, Lima was the capital of the Spanish Empire in South America, from where Hispanic culture spread, and its ... it exists throughout contemporary Latin America but it was never used in the capitals of the viceroyalties, such as Lima or ... Spanish pronunciation in the Americas, Chicago: University of Chicago Press Caravedo, Rocío (1977), Norma Culta de la ciudad de ... in Lima became used to living an ostentatious and courtly life style that people in the other capital cities of Spanish America ...

*Chilean expansionism

Chile had joined the stand as one of the high-income countries in South America by 1870. To its south and east, Chile used ... Valparaíso had also become the most important port in the Pacific coast of South America, providing Chilean merchants with the ... ISBN 956-13-0776-6. Burr, Robert (1974). By Reason Or Force: Chile and the Balancing of Power in South America, 1830-1905. ... Japan, the United States, and Latin America. London: The Macmillan Press Ltd. ISBN 978-1-349-13130-3. Salazar Sparks, Juan ( ...

*Economy of Argentina

Latin America sees uncertain 2011 BBC News "La mesa de los Argentinos". 7 Días. Argentina can't print enough pesos Financial ... "Latin America's - telecoms, mobile and broadband overview shared in new research report". Whatech. 3 May 2015. "El 60% de la ... A network of pipelines (next to Mexico's, the second-longest in Latin America) send raw product to Bahía Blanca, center of the ... The economy of Argentina is an upper-middle income economy for fiscal year 2016 according to World Bank Latin America's third ...

*History of mining in Chile

Crow, The Epic of Latin America, p. 180 Foster, John B. & Clark, Brett. (2003). "Ecological Imperialism: The Curse of ...

*Rivadavia, Salta

The highest temperature ever recorded in South America was held by Rivadavia, when it peaked at 48.9 °C (120.0 °F) on December ...

*Americas Tower

... , also known as 1177 Avenue of the Americas, is a 50-story, 692-foot (211 m) office tower in Midtown Manhattan, ... "Americas Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-01-12. "German-American investors buy Americas Tower in NYC". Emporis.com. 2002-07 ... "The Midtown Book: 1177 Avenue of the Americas". The City Review. Archived from the original on 30 January 2008. Retrieved 2008- ... "Weather Channel Signs New Lease at 1177 Avenue of the Americas". JLL. Retrieved 2017-04-03. "Kramer Levin Renews, Reduces at ...

*Americas Petrogas

Subsequently, Americas Petrogas entered into a joint venture with ExxonMobil on 4 of its 9 shale blocks with Americas Petrogas ... "Americas Petrogas Inc (BOE.V)". Reuters. Retrieved 21 April 2014. "Barclay Hambrook Executive, President and CEO of Americas ... "Americas Petrogas". Google. Google Finance. Retrieved 22 June 2014. "Bayovar concessions granted to Americas Petrogas' ... This includes 4 blocks with partner ExxonMobil with Americas Petrogas as the operator. Americas Petrogas has specialized in ...

*IFAF Americas

... is the federation that governs the sport of American football in the Americas and qualifies teams from North ... America, Central America, the Caribbean and South America in the IFAF World Cup. It replaced the Pan American Federation of ...

*Americas Quarterly

Notable contributors to Americas Quarterly include: "About". Americas Quarterly. Retrieved November 14, 2015. "About". Americas ... In 2012, Americas Quarterly launched a mobile app, available for download in the App Store (iOS) and Google Play. Americas ... Americas Quarterly is the leading publication on politics, business and culture in the Americas. Its audience includes CEOs, ... AQ reaches over 15,000 readers and is an independent publication of Americas Society and Council of the Americas. The journal ...

*Drinks Americas

... (OTC Pink: DKAM) is a beverage distribution company based out of Wilton, Connecticut. Drinks Americas Holdings ... Drinks Americas Holdings,. "Drinks Americas Rheingold Beer Continues Expansion". "Larry King Live". 2006-09-06. Missing or ... Drinks Americas currently holds trademarks on the following products: TKO, Success Distilled, Trumptini, Cohete, and those ... In February 2008, Drinks Americas entered into an equity partnership with Dr. Dre to develop a line of alcoholic and non- ...

*Americas (terminology)

... the continent of North America comprises Northern America, Central America, and the Caribbean. United States of America-a ... The Americas are recognised in the English-speaking world to comprise two separate continents: North America and South America ... British America-former designation for British possessions in the Americas. British North America-former designation for ... Federal Republic of Central America-formerly the United Provinces of Central America, a federal republic in Central America ...

*4G Americas

", "4G Americas". "4G Americas and GSMA", "4G Americas". "4G Americas and UMTS Forum", "4G Americas". "4G Americas and NGMN", " ... "4G Americas". "4G Americas and CINTEL", "4G Americas". "4G Americas and CASETEL", "4G Americas". "4G Americas and ASETA", "4G ... "3G Americas broadens mission, becomes 4G Americas", "Fierce Wireless", September 28, 2010. Pearson, Chris. "Reality Check: ... On September 28, 2010, 3G Americas announced the organization's name change to 4G Americas and a realignment of its mission and ...

*Combate Americas

"COMBATE AMERICAS EMPIRE RISING". Sherdog. "COMBATE AMERICAS COMBATE OCHO". "COMBATE AMERICAS COMBATE OCHO". "COMBATE AMERICAS ... ". "COMBATE AMERICAS COMBATE OCHO". "COMBATE AMERICAS COMBATE OCHO". "COMBATE AMERICAS COMBATE OCHO". "COMBATE AMERICAS COMBATE ... It's also broadcast on ESPN 3 and ESPN Latin America, as well as Azteca America, Azteca Siete, GOL TV, The Fight Network, and ... Combate Americas and Telemundo Deportes announce 'Copa Combate' $100k tournament on Nov. 11 "Combate Americas and Telemundo ...

*Two Americas

... two Americas' to center stage (USA TODAY) Two Americas: One Rich, One Poor? Understanding Income Inequality in the United ... Two Americas is a catch phrase referring to social stratification in American society, made famous in a 2004 speech by former U ... Red states and blue states Poverty in the United States The Other America Cross of Gold speech I Have a Dream Read my lips: no ... I stand here tonight ready to work with you and John [Kerry] to make America stronger. And we have much work to do, because the ...

*FIBA Americas

Americas Under-18 Championship FIBA Americas Under-18 Championship for Women FIBA Americas Under-16 Championship FIBA Americas ... Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico.) South America National teams FIBA South America Championship played by South ... FIBA Americas Official Website (in Spanish) FIBA Americas Official Twitter FIBA Americas League Official Website (in English) ... formerly known as the FIBA Americas Championship for Women) FIBA Americas Under-20 Championship (no longer held) FIBA Americas ...

*Americas Society

The Americas Society, together with Council of the Americas, produces the publication Americas Quarterly, a policy journal for ... The Americas Society is an organization dedicated to education, debate, and dialogue on the Americas and is located at 680 Park ... The Americas Society produces the MetLife Music of the Americas (concert series) to showcase the diversity of styles and genres ... The Americas Society was established by David Rockefeller in 1965. The Americas Society promotes the understanding of the ...

*ICC Americas

The organisation currently has 17 members, located in North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean, and is ... ICC Americas is an international body which oversees cricket in countries in North and South America, and the Caribbean islands ... The body is also responsible for the ICC Americas Championship, which is the premier international competition in the region, ... The organisation is also responsible for hosting the ICC Americas Under-19 Championship, which fills a similar role in ...

*Intelsat Americas

... 5 → Galaxy 25 Telstar 6 → Intelsat Americas 6 → Galaxy 26 Telstar 7 → Intelsat Americas 7 → Galaxy 27 Telstar ... Intelsat Americas, was the re-designation given to the several Telstar satellites serving North America following their sale to ... 8 → Intelsat Americas 8 → Galaxy 28 Telstar 13 → Intelsat Americas 13 → Galaxy 23 Intelsat Americas 9, while under construction ...

*Americas II

310 Million Americas II Supply Contract press release from Tyco International April 1998 Embratel Inaugurates Americas II Cable ... AMERICAS-II is a fiber optic submarine communications cable that extends among the United States, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin ... AMERICAS-II consists of three interconnected rings (North, South, and West Systems), each operating at 2.5 gigabits per second ... United States List of international submarine communications cables AMERICAS-II Cable Landing License as adopted by the Federal ...
It is less than five months since President Bill Clinton presided over a summit of Latin American chiefs of state in Miami, at which the goal of a free-trade zone for the Americas was proclaimed.
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Extinct and vanishing mammals of the Western Hemisphere, with the marine species of all the oceans / by Glover M. Allen. - [Cambridge, Mass.], 1942 ...
Andy Kershaw reports from the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere, on the people whove been deported to Haiti from the USA.
trivia 3/26 DID YOU KNOW... The Amazon Rain Forest produces half the worlds oxygen. 1. How many countries on the South American Continent are landlocked ? (Bonus: Name them) 2. What types of birds
but the virus would keep coming back year after year, popping out of its remote hiding places. And in the end, the only hope for eliminating human disease would rest with the invention of an effective vaccine and mass, routine vaccination of hundreds of millions of people across the Western Hemisphere." ...
Rubella Elimination 2015on Pan American Health Organization on Livestream - Watch live streaming Internet TV. Broadcast your own live streaming videos, like Pan American Health Organization in Widescreen HD. Livestream, Be There.
Pan American Health Organization (Google Maps). Explore Pan American Health Organization in Washington, DC as it appears on Google Maps as well as...
Information from WorldCat about PAHO Pan American Health Organization Document Center in Belize City, , such as address, phone, catalog search and newest items.
Pan American Health Organization is abbreviated as PAHO and it works on technical and scientific grounds related to health of American people. It has offices in twenty seven States and all 35 states in the USA are its member states. This organization deals with health issues and precautions among people. These are governing bodies setting up technical and admin policies related to health.. The charge of this organization is to fortify local health systems and give measures for improvement of the health of the people in the America. It has collaboration with Health Ministries and International Agencies; along with international, non-government, community, security and university collaborations. PAHO promotes health of people and gives access to health system strengthening. It mainly emphasizes on the chronic diseases, like TB, HIV, Dengue, Cholera, Malaria, Heart diseases, Diabetes and Cancer. Read some instresting information about teacups pigs at www.teacuppigs.net. PAHO coordinates with ...
2004 Pan American Health Organization Outline Data of foodborne diseases in WHO/AMRO Region PAHO/WHO strategy to improve FBD surveillance Networks -INFAL -WHO-Global Salm Surv (LAC) -EpiEta -PulseNet LA -SIRVETA Data of foodborne diseases in WHO/AMRO Region PAHO/WHO strategy to improve FBD surveillance Networks -INFAL -WHO-Global Salm Surv (LAC) -EpiEta -PulseNet LA -SIRVETA
The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), which functions as the regional office for the Americas of the World Health Organization, is committed to provide technical cooperation to countries to update the epidemiological information available for mapping and modelling of the neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), a set of diseases mainly caused by parasites affecting people living in low socioeconomic and favourable environmental conditions. This communication discusses PAHOs role and perspectives in the use of mapping and modelling of these diseases with a view to promote its use in the development and implementation of integrated, inter-programmatic and inter-sectoral plans for the prevention, control or elimination of the NTDs and other infectious diseases related to poverty.. ...
On 5 October 2005, eight months prior to FDA approval of the HPV vaccine Gardasil, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO, a regional office of the World Health Organization) sponsored a meeting in Washington D.C. The theme of this meeting was, Partnering for HPV Vaccine Introduction. According to the final report issued after this meeting, its purpose was to, "accelerate and strengthen the dialogue between invited partner agencies regarding their interests and plans related to the introduction of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines.". Of course, both potential vaccine suppliers, Merck and GlaxoSmithKline, were invited. In addition to the potential suppliers, representatives from the following partnering agencies were in attendance:. • The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). • The World Health Organization (WHO). • The International Union Against Cancer (UICC). • The American Cancer Society (ACS). • The United States Agency for International Development (USAID). • The ...
BOOKS AND REPORTS. Holzer JC, Kohn R, Recupero PR, Ellison JM (eds.): Geriatric Forensic Psychiatry: Principles and Practice. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018. Kohn R: Treatment Gap in the Americas, Technical Document. Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization, 2013. Rodríguez J, Kohn R, Aguilar-Gaxiola S (eds.): Epidemiology of Mental Illness in Latin America and the Caribbean [Epidemiología de los Trastornos Mentales en América Latina y el Caribe] Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization, 2009 (in Spanish). Mello Ade A, Mello MF, Kohn R (eds.): Epidemiology of Mental Health in Brazil [Epidemiologia da Saúde Mental no Brasil] São Paulo, Brazil: Artmed, 2007 (in Portuguese). Levav I, Kohn R, Flaherty J, Lerner Y, Aisenberg E: Research Report: Mental health attitudes and practices of Soviet immigrants. Jerusalem: Falk Institute for Mental Health and Behavioral Studies, 1989. JOURNAL ARTICLES AND BOOK CHAPTERS. Okpaku SO, Adeponle AB, Kohn R: Migration and psychosis, in ...
The Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) is working to help relieve the humanitarian crisis in Haiti, co-ordinating the provision of medical supplies to hospitals in affected areas and strengthening support for the health system, according to PAHO officials.
To improve detection and management of the disease, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has published a new Guide for Diagnosis and Treatment of Chagas Disease.. ...
WILLEMSTAD - The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in its recent epidemiological alert, calls on Member States to increase vigilance and establish/maintain the capacity to detect and confirm cases of Zika virus infection.. The Zika virus infection is spread via the vector Aedes mosquito which is also prevalent in the Caribbean and Curaçao.. The Department of Public Health (GGD), a department in the Ministry of Public Health, Social Development and Labor, is calling on the population to give the elimination of mosquito breeding grounds their urgent attention especially after the heavy rainfall in order to prevent the spread of mosquito-borne diseases such as Zika.. Zika virus is a member of the Flaviviridae family and is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. It is related to other pathogenic vector borne flaviviruses including dengue, West-Nile and Japanese encephalitis viruses but produces a comparatively mild disease in humans.. Since 2014, indigenous circulation of Zika has been detected ...
Zika virus was recognised in 2016 as an important vector-borne cause of congenital malformations and Guillain-Barré syndrome, during a major epidemic in Latin America, centred in Northeastern Brazil. The WHO and Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO), with partner agencies, initiated a coordinated global response including public health intervention and urgent scientific research, as well as ethical analysis as a vital element of policy design. In this paper, we summarise the major ethical issues raised during the Zika epidemic, highlighting the PAHO ethics guidance and the role of ethics in emergency responses, before turning to ethical issues that are yet to be resolved ...
WHO/PAHO release - Health ministers from the Americas at the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Directing Council were briefed today on the Disease Control Priorities project, which outlines the best health investments to reduce the burden of disease in developing countries.
Dave Locke was not able to make the call so Ian covered C and Java Clients: - Ian and Dave are working minor bugs and suggestions. Please use the Paho Dev forum or Bugzilla to discuss these. - We discussed feedback that current committers and others at IBM, Eurotech and others familiar with MQTT design/usage need to try and get more involved in community. Nick OLeary, who has been engaged in the Eclipse and MQTT.org forums was on the call and made some comments later on in the call. - A Paho near term goal is to get up binary files in the Repository. - Ian is looking into the availability of code to test MQTT Client installations and ports. Feedback, participation and new contributions are welcome. It was suggested that a protocol level compatibility test suite for MQTT and its design points needs to be a Paho plan item. - Another item Ian is considering for Paho is an MQTT tracing program to monitor the interactions between the client and the server. - Andy Piper mentioned that the original ...
Though "whooping cough" may seem like an antiquated affliction, an estimated 50 million cases and 300,000 deaths still occur every year. Pertussis, as the disease is formally known, is a highly contagious disease marked by an intense cough that can last up to twelve weeks, and is regarded as a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries.. Sabin, in partnership with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), is working to assess and strengthen the laboratory capacity for diagnosis of pertussis in three countries; Argentina, Panama and Mexico. Currently, pertussis surveillance in most Latin American countries is based on outdated methods and materials, and an improvement in these techniques is key to guiding prevention and control strategies. The goal is to better understand the spread and impact of pertussis, in order to protect populations from this vaccine-preventable disease.. The project also provides ...
In January 2007, Sabin joined forces with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Harvard School of Public Health and the Institut Catala dOncologia (Barcelona, Spain) to conduct a comprehensive study of HPV epidemiological data in Latin America, in an attempt to address this alarming global health concern. This study, the first major assessment of HPV impact in the region, showed that the virus is far more common than anyone expected. It also effectively demonstrated that routine screening, along with vaccination, is the most promising way to tackle this disease. Differences in resources and available screening programs exist, making it difficult for each country to decide whether vaccination is affordable, even if it may be cost-effective. If these challenges could be addressed, researchers concluded that half a million cervical cancer deaths could be prevented over 10 years with the introduction of an HPV vaccine in the ...
The Ministry of Health, in collaboration with the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, is hosting a two-day National Workshop on Workers Health.. The workshop, which began yesterday (April 27), is being held under the theme Healthy Workplaces - Healthy Spaces - Healthy Workers at the Jamaica Conference Centre in downtown Kingston.. Bringing remarks at the opening, Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) Country Representative for Jamaica, Dr. Noreen Jack, said the discussions will be useful in getting recommendations for action in the workplace.. "We expect to leave this meeting after reaching important consensus related to the design and implementation of the action plan, and (this) should allow us to address the social, environmental and economic determinants of workers health, close the gaps of inequalities they cause and boost prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) at the workplace," she said.. Minister of Labour and Social Security, ...
CIDRAP News) Global health officials responding to a quickly spreading cholera outbreak in Haiti say cases in the past few days have doubled, to 3,015, while deaths are up by about 100, to 253. The figures were published yesterday by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), which also reported that the disease is reaching new parts of the country. ...
CIDRAP News) Global health officials responding to a quickly spreading cholera outbreak in Haiti say cases in the past few days have doubled, to 3,015, while deaths are up by about 100, to 253. The figures were published yesterday by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), which also reported that the disease is reaching new parts of the country. ...
This publication explores organizational and technical aspects of radiology, analyzed within the context of the Pan American Health Organizations strategic and programmatic orientations for 1995-1998. PAHO Publications Catalog
INTRODUCTION: Given the severity and impact of the current Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in the Americas, numerous countries have rushed to develop research studies to assess ZIKV and its potential health consequences. In an effort to ensure that studies are comprehensive, both internally and externally valid, and with reliable results, the World Health Organization, the Pan American Health Organization, Institut Pasteur, the networks of Fiocruz, the Consortia for the Standardization of Influenza Seroepidemiology (CONSISE) and the International Severe Acute Respiratory and Emerging Infection Consortium (ISARIC) have generated six standardized clinical and epidemiological research protocols and questionnaires to address key public health questions on ZIKV ...
This just arrived from the Pan American Health Organization: Epidemiological Alert: On Probable Influenza A(H1N1) 2009 Outbreaks (Published on 20 April 2011). Excerpt: Since the beginning of 2011, in the region of the Americas, there have been significant outbreaks of...
Every two seconds, somewhere in the world, a child dies before reaching its fifth birthday. Two probably died while you were reading that sentence.. An estimated 15 million children under 5 die each year, but world health authorities are zeroing in on another number, smaller but still huge. For them, the number 3.5 million is a symbol of both horror and hope.. That is how many children under age 5 die every year of diseases that are preventable by vaccines. Another 4 million to 5 million children die of fluid loss from diarrhea.. "The numbers are staggering," said Dr. Ralph H. Henderson, director of the World Health Organizations program on immunization. "Thats a childs death every time you take a breath.". Henderson and several dozen other doctors and health ministers from around the world spoke last week at the International Vaccine Symposium, a two-day conference of world health leaders at the Pan American Health Organization in Washington.. The World Health Organizations current effort ...
Research at the CVD focuses on infectious diseases that affect those domestically and internationally, with a focus on less-developed countries. Infections of particular interest include cholera, typhoid fever, shigellosis, and the various types of Escherichia coli that cause diarrhea. Also of interest are diseases caused by other Vibrio species, malaria, AIDS, pertussis and meningitis due to Haemophilus influenzae type b. Faculty and staff consult with international agencies such as the World Health Organization, Pan American Health Organization, Agency for International Development and World Bank, as well as with individual governments.. ...
The Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization is publishing weekly counts of suspected and confirmed cases, by country and territory, as reported by each country. The data portal includes a few important notes: The suspected cases in Brazil are unofficial (media monitoring)
Haiti has launched a vaccination campaign against tetanus and the rotavirus that causes severe, fatal diarrhea in children under the age of 5. The campaign comes a year after the Michel Martelly administration launched a similar campaign against several childhood diseases, including measles and polio. Newly appointed director of the Pan American Health Organization Dr…
In the foreword of this book, Professor Hoeppli gives his motivation and approach to the study of the parasitic diseases in Africa and the Western Hemisphere as follows:
3 1. Surveillance Defining and understanding the problem 2. Research Identifying causes and risk factors 3.Monitoring and evaluation 4. Implementation Innovative and effective strategies Achieving results and sharing findings The public health model for prevention
This publication is a compilation of guidelines designed to provide caregivers with appropriate direction regarding optimal feeding of infants and young children. PAHO Publications Catalog
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LOS ANGELES, July 22, 2014-- Pan American Bank, the oldest Hispanic community bank in the Western United States, announced today that it will remain open thanks to the unprecedented cooperation of 16 leading western community banks.
Get the facts about UT Pan American radiography program. Seek out accredited nursing programs for the best training. Given a brief hospital internship or prior work experience, you can expect a great return on your medical education.
DBSA Expresses Concerns About Impact of American Health Care Act Proposed legislation will significantly reduce access to mental health care.
Permanent Residents can choose to live anywhere in the United States. The North American Continent, of which the US is a large part, is incredibly diverse in
Compelling new scientific evidence suggests United Nations peacekeepers have carried a virulent strain of cholera - a super bug -- into the Western Hemisphere for the first time.
Brazil also known as Federative Republic of Brazil is a part of South American continent, it is the fifth largest country in terms of area as well as..
Canada had led the democracies of both the American continents. The same indomitable spirit which made her capable of that effort and sacrifice made her equally incapable of accepting at the Peace Conference, in the League of Nations, or elsewhere, a status inferior to that accorded to nations less advanced in their development ...
Polio was eliminated from the Western Hemisphere in the early 1990s. It was stamped out in Europe a few years later. And now, even the Congo and Somalia
Polio was eliminated from the Western Hemisphere in the early 1990s. It was stamped out in Europe a few years later. And now, even the Congo and Somalia
Qualifying rounds - Day Four: Europe and the US extend their gains with Frances CAC pushing India out of second place. Asian stocks rally following yesterdays run in the Western Hemisphere. Today we profile Brazil and some of its big winners YTD.
An agency of the Organization of American States (OAS), a regional forum to deal with narcotrafficking and drug abuse in the Western Hemisphere.
An agency of the Organization of American States (OAS), a regional forum to deal with narcotrafficking and drug abuse in the Western Hemisphere.
Washingtons long-standing neglect of the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere is deteriorating into opportunistic crisis management. As the armed rebellion against Haitis President
Get this from a library! Guatemala.. [International Monetary Fund Western Hemisphere Dept] -- KEY ISSUESContext. Guatemalas economy has performed solidly since the 2008-09 crisis. Output has converged to potential, inflation is under control, and macroeconomic policies remain prudent. ...
Would you like to among the first to investigate the 1799 Lazaretto Quarantine Hospital in Essington PA ? - posted in 2010 Events: Here is your chance to go thru the halls of the oldest standing quarantine hospital in the western hemisphere and the 4th oldest still standing in the world. This is an opportunity that does not come along too often. There will also be a history presentation of the Lazaretto at 5 PM. For the first 50 people, by postmark, who donate $50:00 or greater they...
The Week magazines Opinion Awards dinner last night was dedicated to bipartisanship, comity and loving one another among the Washington elite. But Sally Quinn was having none of it. No kissing tonight, the doyenne of Washingtons high society declared. Not with the threat of swine flu engulfing the Western Hemisphere. Quinn air kissed her way through the cocktail reception and dinner, save for a few...
Ma'i Ho'oka'awale: The Separating Sickness, by Ted Gugelyk and Milton Bloombaum. vi + 121 pages, illustrated. University of Hawaii Press, 2840 Kolowalu Street, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822. 1984. $9.00, paperbound. Epidemiology and Control of Falciparum Malaria in the Americas, Scientific Publication No. 471, Pan American Health Organization. iv + 46 pages. Pan American Health Organization, 525 Twenty-third Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. 1984. $6.00, paperbound. Infectious Diseases in Europe: A Fresh Look, B. Velimirovic. x + 330 pages, illustrated. World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Scherfigsvej 8, D-K 2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark. 1984. Sw. fr. 35, paperbound. Bulletin of the Society of Vector Ecologists, Volume 9, Number 2, edited by James P. Webb. Pages 71-430. Published by the Society of Vector Ecologists, P.O. Box 87, Santa Ana, California 92702. 1984. $20.00. Biological, Biochemical, and Biomedical Aspects of Actinomycetes, edited by Librado Ortiz-Ortiz, Luis F.
An intensive and selective survey to review the current status of medical mycology in Latin America was carried out from 19 October to 19 November 1969. The countries visited were Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, and Mexico. Centers of competence in every phase of medical mycology were found to exist in these countries, but virtually all are one-man operations. An International Symposium on the Mycoses, sponsored by Pan American Health Organization was held in Washington, D.C., on 24-26 February 1970 and attended by over 60 investigators from the Americas and Europe. As a result of the Symposium and recommendations of the PAHO Advisory Committee on Medical Research, a permanent Coordinating Committee for the Mycoses has been appointed by PAHO to help strengthen resources in the Western Hemisphere so as to provide service, training, and research in this field. Parasitic infections have long been recognized as very important causes of morbidity and death in Latin America and the Caribbean area. As
URGENT steps must be taken to deal effectively with communicable diseases if this countrys development, particularly in the eco-tourism sector, is to gain momentum. This charge was delivered by Representative of the Pan American Health Organisation/World Health Organisation (PAHO/WHO), Dr. Bernadette Theodore Gandi. She was at the time addressing the opening session of a joint PAHO/WHO Technical Evaluation Workshop in Guyana at Le Meridien Pegasus yesterday. Citing examples of where health and development are closely linked, she said that diseases such as malaria cause significant morbidity and mortality. In addition to the individual and community suffering and economic loss to the family due to inability to work, it also affects the countrys development. We are all aware of the opportunities for development in eco-tourism ... Without control of these communicable diseases, and the availability of good quality diagnostic and treatment facilities at a basic level, the tourism sector will be ...
The program has transformed and revolutionized our health system, especially for the most vulnerable, Health Minister Ariana Campero told teleSUR.. The Pan American Health Organization, or PAHO, has praised the program for bringing medical care to some of Bolivias must rural communities. The My Health project is on the right path to ensure that people have access to services everywhere in Bolivia said Carissa Etienne, a Director at PAHO.. One of the main achievements of the program has been the sharp reduction in the number of maternal deaths. Doctors say more than half of the conditions and treatments are diagnosed in the patients own homes during routine check ups and and the rest in medical centers across 306 different municipalities.. The most important part of the program is our house to house visits in the most rural parts of the country says Ariana Campero. The Health Minister says doctors and mobile clinics are now present in 25 indigenous communites in Bolivia. Before ...
Baaklini, Abdo I. The Brazilian Legislature and Political System. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1992. Becker, Bertha K. Brazil: A New Regional Power in the World-economy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992. Besse, Susan K. Restructuring Patriarchy: The Modernization of Gender Inequality in Brazil, 1914-1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996. Burns, E. Bradford. A History of Brazil , 3rd ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. Garretón, Manuel Antonio, and Edward Newman, eds. Democracy in Latin America: (Re)constructing Political Society. New York: United Nations University Press, 2001. Graham, Richard (ed.). Brazil and the World System. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1991. Hartness, Ann. Brazil in Reference Books, 1965-1989: An Annotated Bibliography. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1991. Health in the Americas, 2002 edition. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization, Pan American Sanitary Bureau, Regional Office of the World Health ...
Introduction: In this research project, we studied the quality and capacity of the equipments functionality and non-structural vulnerability of seven hospitals in the city of Tehran during an earthquake. Materials and Methods: The researchs place was general hospitals with private and governmental management; the research society was all Tehran general hospitals where a random sample of seven general hospitals were studied in eleven different categories. The methodology of the study was descriptive cross sectional; sampling was random simple and the instrument for the study was World Health Organization (WHO)/Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Standard checklist. The lowest levels of functionality were observed in emergency exit systems, communication systems, furniture, and equipments. Results: The heating and cooling systems, air conditioning of specific sections, medical gas systems, fire detection and extinguisher of most hospitals in the study were functioning at satisfactory levels. ...
In 1995, at the request of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Secretary of Health of Mexico, NIOSH detailed a medical epidemiologist to Mexico to develop long-term collaboration with Mexican institutions to improve occupational safety and health. A collaboration was begun with the Mexican Institute for Social Security (IMSS), which has the most extensive research and training role
HIV and other C-NCDs have serious socioeconomic consequences, often creating a financial barrier for individuals in need of proper care and treatment, and forcing them to pay high out-of-pocket fees. Despite advancements in service delivery, only twenty countries worldwide currently have Universal Health Coverage (UHC) plans in which everyone can receive basic health services.. While some advocates in the AIDS community may see UHC as a threat to the provision of HIV & AIDS resources, others see it as a solution. Sir George Alleyne from the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) reminds us that UHC is "feasible, socially desirable, and economically possible.". "We have acceptance that UHC is possible. It is a myth that poor countries cannot afford UHC. There is no country that cannot afford UHC," Sir Alleyne says. "It is a matter of social justice.". According to Dr. Jonathan D. Quick, President and CEO of Management Sciences for Health, "UHC is becoming the driving vision for prevention, care ...
By Benjamin Flowers, Staff Reporter. In commemoration of upcoming World Diabetes Day, the Diabetes Association of Belize (DAB) held a health fair on Friday.. The event at the Battlefield Park, provided an opportunity for the Association to engage the public with vital information pertaining to diabetes, health and wellness. The DAB also provided free blood sugar testing.. Several of the DABs partners also joined in on the event including: the Ministry of Health, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the Kidney Association of Belize, Belize Cancer Society and the Belize Lions Club.. Nutritionist and supporter of the DAB for 15 years, Karen Rosito, explained that the fair was important because it helps to provide medically sound information to help dispel misconceptions people may have about diabetes.. "People often think its the sweets that you eat that cause diabetes, but its not", Rosito said. "Its the ill health that comes from eating too much junk food and the damage it does to ...
Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites. The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. The outbreak in Brazil led to reports of…
Bolivia: the Health and Sport Ministry, in coordination with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), WHO, the Municipal Government of La Paz, the Bolivian Police and Armed Forces organised a festival to inform people of the negative effects that nicotine produces on the body. WNTD was also an opportunity highlight the findings from a study which showed increased smoking among young women, and a lower age of initiation. Read more here. Congo: The tobacco control group ROCAT in partnership with the Ministry of Health and Population and WHO Country celebrated World No Tobacco Day 2013 with a series of events including a press Conference by the Minister of Health briefing, outreach campaigns, and TV and radio coverage. Read more here. Gabon: WNTD in Gabon focused on a number of high level meetings held with key authorities including the President of the National Assembly and the Minister Delegate to Health. Held from 28-30 May, the meetings were a chance to discuss government policy making in ...
Newsroom America) -- A new study reveals that between 2007 and 2009, alcohol was a necessary cause of death (i.e., death would not have occurred in the absence of alcohol consumption) in an average of 79,456 cases per year. Liver disease was the main culprit in most countries.. The new study is published in the scientific journal Addiction by the Pan American Health Organization, a branch of the World Health Organization, and measured the number and pattern of deaths caused by alcohol consumption in 16 North and Latin American countries.. According to the authors, Dr. Vilma Gawryszewski and Dr. Maristela Monteiro, the mortality rates found in this study reveal the tip of the iceberg of a broader problem. "There is a wide range of diseases and conditions linked to alcohol use, including tuberculosis, heart disease, stroke, epilepsy, falls, suicides, transport-related injuries, and interpersonal violence, among others. "Our study simply shows how many deaths are wholly attributable to alcohol ...
It was once called a childhood disease, but there was never anything childish or innocent about it. Measles, also called rubeola, is an infectious virus that can cause severe complications such as blindness and even death. At its height, there were millions of cases of measles in the United States each year, resulting in hundreds of deaths and tens of thousands of hospitalizations. Recently, officials at the Pan American Health Organization in Washington, D.C., declared that North
It was once called a childhood disease, but there was never anything childish or innocent about it. Measles, also called rubeola, is an infectious virus that can cause severe complications such as blindness and even death. At its height, there were millions of cases of measles in the United States each year, resulting in hundreds of deaths and tens of thousands of hospitalizations. Recently, officials at the Pan American Health Organization in Washington, D.C., declared that North
The Graduate Certificate in Global Health is designed to provide interdisciplinary knowledge in global health delivery to those employed or seeking employment in positions requiring this knowledge or to individuals who desire this added credential. The University of Marylands Global Health Certificate provides knowledge of issues, policies, and practices in global health that enables individuals to work effectively in agencies and programs providing global health services. The Global Health Certificate program addresses some of the selected global health competencies defined by the ASPPH. Courses in the Global Health Certificate are taught by faculty who bring a wealth of knowledge and field-based skills drawn from experiences with agencies such as the World Health Organization, Pan American Health Organization, Environmental Protection Agency, Food and Drug Administration, Center for Strategic and International Studies, and the USAID.. The Global Health Certificate is 12 credit program that ...
Funding The activities of the South African Stress and Health study were supported by the United States National Institute of Mental Health (R01MH070884), the John D and Catherine T MacArthur Foundation, the Pfizer Foundation, the US Public Health Service (R13-MH066849, R01-MH069864, and R01 DA016558), the Fogarty International Center (FIRCA R01-TW006481), the Pan American Health Organisation, Eli Lilly and Company, Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical, GlaxoSmithKline and Bristol-Myers Squibb. The South Africa Stress and Health study was funded by grant R01-MH059575 from the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute of Drug Abuse with supplemental funding from the South African Department of Health and the University of Michigan. ...
Elaborated within the framework of the National Development Strategy, the plan "is an integral, multi-sectoral answer [that incorporates] the participation of the society, aimed at reducing teenage pregnancies in the Dominican Republic." The plan is expected to be implemented until 2016 through the Inter-institutional Technical Committee on Teenage Pregnancy Prevention, made up of the Office of the First Lady, the Womens Ministry, Ministry of Public Health and Ministry of Education, and international organizations such as the Pan American Health Organization, the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA) and UNICEF among other public and private organizations ...
DUARTE MARRERO, Eduardo y JIMENEZ BEATO, Patricia. Guide of maxillofacial trauma intervention for diagnosis and treatment of facial burns. MediSur [online]. 2010, vol.8, n.3, pp.72-78. ISSN 1727-897X.. The guide for maxillofacial trauma intervention for diagnosis and treatment of facial burns has been developed on the basis of the results obtained in a retrospective descriptive study of a series of patients for facial burns, were treated in serving Burned Cienfuegos University General Hospital "Dr. Gustavo Lima Aldereguía "between January 2005 and September 2007. The document describes the set of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, both general and local, to treat patients with facial burns depending on the extent and depth of burns, also describes some special considerations depending on their location in central facial structures (eyelids, flag ear, nose, mouth, neck). It took into account national guidelines and the Pan American Health Organization, were also consulted experts and ...
The totality of features or characteristics that bear on our ... PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION, Publicaci n Cientifica No. 499, Control de ... annual: 2 days ... - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: a75f1-ZDcxZ
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American Health Research employs Clinical Research Coordinators, Data Entry Coordinators, Clinical Research Assistants, Marketing and Community Outreach Coordinators, a Recruitment Specialist, and a Regulatory Specialist that specialize in quick study start-up, patient recruitment, collecting good quality data and patient retention. We all follow a set of standard operating procedures as well as trial protocols, Good Clinical Practice and HIPAA guidelines to provide a smooth clinical trial process for all involved.. American Health Research is a clinical research company located in Charlotte, North Carolina dedicated to obtaining quality data in healthcare and pharmaceutical research. Dr. Selwyn Spangenthal has 20+ years of clinical research experience. American Health Research focuses on Phase II, III, and IV clinical trials. Subjects for research studies are generated from our large pulmonary practice and large patient database. Our facility includes: ...
Looking for North America? Find out information about North America. third largest continent , c.9,400,000 sq mi , the northern of the two continents of the Western Hemisphere. North America includes all of the mainland and... Explanation of North America
Few contemporary social problems in the U.S. affect more people daily than those within the American health care system. Social Movements and the Transformation of American Health Care is the first collection of essays to examine dynamics of change in health care institutions through the lens of contemporary theory and research on collective action.
University of Washington. In spite of considerable human development, the southeastern United States region could provide some of the Western Hemispheres more heavily used thoroughfares for mammals, birds and amphibians on their way to cooler environments in a warming world, according to new research led by the University of Washington. The region is among half a dozen areas that could experience heavier traffic compared with the average species-movement across the Western Hemisphere in response to a warming climate. The estimate in southeastern states, for example, is up to 2.5 times the average amount of movement across North and South America. Other areas that could see pronounced animal movements are northeastern North America, including around the Great Lakes and north into Canada; southeastern Brazil, home to both the species-rich Atlantic Forest and major cities such as Sao Paulo with its 11 million residents; and the Amazon Basin. The basin, stretching across seven South American ...
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The main focus of this report is the outlook for the region in the face of the downturn now projected for the U.S. economy and the continuing risks that affect the global outlook. Overall the region is better placed than in the past to navigate the current financial turbulence, given reduced vulnerabilities and stronger policy frameworks. Nonetheless, the report points to risks that the global financial stress could curtail capital flows to the region and world commodity prices could fall more than expected. There are also risks arising from rising inflation and rapid private credit growth in a number of countries. The report then explores the policy options facing governments in the region, underscoring the need to preserve the gains of recent years
Antique Maps of South and North America. Gallery of authentic historic and rare maps of North America, South America & the Western Hemisphere from the 16th to the 19th centuries.
The Arctic Institute of North America is concerned with the prosecution of research in the arctic and subarctic regions of the North American continent and in Greenland. The United States, Canada, and Greenland are represented on its Board of Governors. In the ten years during which the Institute has functioned, it has financed, or helped to finance, 177 projects of research in these northern areas, in a great variety of fields of scientific endeavour. In so doing, it has assisted in building up a corps of younger scientists competent to work in arctic territory. From these younger men much will be expected in the future. For the need is great. There are other agencies that are responsible for research work in the far north-governmental departments, private corporations, industrial firms. But the Arctic Institute of North America is the only agency that is international in scope. It deals with the problems in their wider scientific importance, unimpeded by national boundaries. Not only is this ...
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While it became generally accepted after Vespucci that Columbuss discoveries were not Asia but a "New World", the geographic relationship between the two continents was still unclear. That there must be a large ocean between Asia and the Americas was implied by the known existence of vast continuous sea along the coasts of East Asia. Even prior to Vespucci, several maps, e.g. the Cantino planisphere of 1502 and the Canerio map of 1504, placed a large open ocean between China on the east side of the map, and the inchoate largely water-surrounded American discoveries on the western side of map. However, out of uncertainty, they depicted a finger of the Asian land mass stretching across the top to the eastern edge of the map, suggesting it carried over into the western hemisphere (e.g. the Cantino Planisphere denotes Greenland as "Punta dAsia" - "edge of Asia"). Some maps, e.g. the 1506 Contariniâ "Rosselli map and the 1508 Johannes Ruysch map, bowing to Ptolemaic authority and Columbuss ...
Hyracotherium was previously called Eohippus (meaning "dawn horse"). It is a Eurasian species ancestral to the horse, but not the same animal as Eohippus.. Hyracotherium lived during the early Eocene epoch, about 55-45 million years ago. It lived in the northern hemisphere in Asia and Europe. The first fossils of this tiny horse were found in England by Richard Owen in 1841 and named Hyracotherium.. The type species, H. leporinum, is now regarded as a paleothere, ancestral to both horses and brontotheres.[1][2] Eohippus has been brought back as a name, to describe the early proto-horse found in North America.[1] The main stream of horse evolution occurred on the North American continent.. ...
In fact, this might have been the storyline that was planned all along only it never made its way onscreen. 2X25: Anasazi speaks of the Anasazi, a tribe that vanished with no reason and without a trace. 4X09: Tunguska / 4X10: Terma presents a vaccine created in Russia. 5X20: The End, about somebody presenting alien traits with potentially Filipino ascent, would have been a two-parter named "Zhigansk", a Siberian meteor crash site, and "Okhotsk", the Russian city from which Bering sailed away the Strait that took his name and crossed to the American continent, the same way Siberian tribes emigrated and populated the Americas some 40,000 years ago. 9X19-20: The Truth says that magnetite that arrived from meteors is lethal to aliens. From there, one could elaborate a theory that may correspond to Carters plans. Magnetite and/or Black Oil in a meteorite that fell on Earth a long time ago caused a mutation on a tribe of people (through the shock of the fall? through long-term exposure?). These ...
Kachur, Curcuma zedoaria or white turmeric or zedoary is not very well known in the West.In India Zedoary is considered a weed, and it is believed that it grows in Panama and other parts of the South American continent where it is called the "Res… read more ...
Note: Oldest existing permanent European settlement on the North American continent; burned by Sir Francis Drake in 1586; attacked by British in 18th-cen. wars; was a Tory refuge during the American Revolutionary War. ...
all along at independence, and like the Bedford party in parliament, he held it fortunate that matters had so soon been brought to a crisis. As a lover of mankind, he was ready to bewail the check to prosperous and growing states; but, said he, we are past the hour of lenitives and half exertions. On the other hand, John Millar, the professor of law in the university of Glasgow, taught the youth of Scotland who frequented his lectures, that the republican form of government is by far the best, either for a very small or a very extensive country. I cannot but agree with him, said David Hume, who yet maintained that it would be most criminal to disjoint the established government in Great Britain, where he believed a republic would so certainly be the immediate forerunner of despotism, that none but fools would think to augment liberty by shaking off monarchy. He had written the history of England without love for the country, or comprehension of its early popular liberty, or any deep ...
As part of an international consortium, INRA researchers, in partnership with the CEA and INRIA, have sequenced one of the first genomes of a moth from the superfamily Noctuoidea: Spodoptera frugiperda, or armyworm. This crop pest - until now only known on the American continent - has become invasive in Africa since 2016.. ...
Actually, Id say that almost every fossil enlightens evolutionary scientists. "My paleontologists" (the ones I do volunteer prep work for) announced the finding of the oldest bird on the North American continent (90 million years old... looks like a roadrunner with teeth) here in Texas. The vertebra that Im *STILL* working on (in 4 years, Ive done 1 1/2 vertebra) is helping decide a debate over what group was the founding sauropod group for the Alamosaurus (a titanosaur the size of a 3 story building. Thats why its taking me so darn long to prep up one neckbone ...
A complete line of professional products for hair care, coloring, styling, scalp & skin care, made in Italy with high quality and innovative technology and distributed in the United States and throughout the American continent by Emsibeth USA.. ...
References. 1. Gutierrez-Saravia E, Gutierrez CE. Chikungunya virus in the Caribbean: a threat for all of the Americas. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2015;4(1):1-3. doi:10.1093/jpids/piv002 [ Links ] 2. Morrison TE. Reemergence of chikungunya virus. J Virol. 2014;88(20):11644-7. doi:10.1128/JVI.01432-14 [ Links ] 3. Garg M, Alcalde V. Update on emerging infections: news from the centers for disease control and prevention. Ann Emerg Med. 2014;64(5):553-5. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.07.456 [ Links ] 4. Halstead SB. Reappearance of chikungunya, formerly called dengue, in the Americas. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;;21(4):557-61. doi:10.3201/eid2104.141723 [ Links ] 5. Carbajo AE, Vezzani D. Waiting for chikungunya fever in Argentina: spatio-temporal risk maps. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2015;110(2):259-62. doi:10.1590/0074-02760150005 [ Links ] 6. Pan American Health Organization - PAHO. Cases of Chikungunya Fever in the Americas, 2016 (for week). Washington, DC: Pan American Health Organization; 2016 ...
Acha PN, Szyfres B [Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)]. Zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals. Volume 3. Parasitoses. 3rd ed. Washington DC: PAHO; 2003. Scientific and Technical Publication No. 580. Babesiosis; p. 15-20.. Allsopp MT, Allsopp BA. Molecular sequence evidence for the reclassification of some Babesia species. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006;1081:509-17. Barros CSL, Fighera R. Babesiosis. In: Foreign animal diseases. 7th edition. Boca Raton, FL: United States Animal Health Association; 2008. p.147-158.. Beaver PC, Jung RC, Cupp EW. Clinical parasitology. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger; 1984. Family Babesiidae; p. 205-212.. Benavides MV, Sacco AM. Differential Bos taurus cattle response to Babesia bovis infection. Vet Parasitol. 2007;150:54-64.. Bock R, Jackson L, de Vos A, Jorgensen W. Babesiosis of cattle. Parasitology. 2004;129 Suppl:S247-69.. Cantu A, Ortega-S JA, Mosqueda J, Garcia-Vazquez Z, Henke SE, George JE. Immunologic and molecular identification ...
Since the first local transmission of chikungunya in Chiapas, Mexico 13 months ago, the cumulative total has reached 11,199 autochthonous cases as of mid-December 2015, according to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).. Now, the Mexican Department of Epidemiology says the mosquito borne viral infection has spread to 28 states, with Veracruz, Michoacan, Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas being hit the hardest.. The number of dengue fever cases in Mexico topped the 200,000 mark in November, according to the PAHO. In addition, 31 dengue-related fatalities have been reported year-to-date. All four dengue serotypes have been reported in Mexico this year.. Finally, one month ago, national health authorities in Mexico notified PAHO/WHO of 3 cases of Zika virus infection, including two autochthonous cases (residents of Nuevo León and Chiapas) and one imported case (with history of travel to Colombia).. Chikungunya, dengue fever and Zika virus are viral diseases transmitted by the bite of infected ...
Dengvaxia has been approved by Mexico, the Philippines and Brazil in Dec. 2015.. The vaccine is approved for the prevention of disease caused by four dengue serotypes in individuals aged 9-45 years old living in endemic areas.. "The adoption of much-needed dengue vaccine is welcome news for our country, "said Dr. Maria Lourdes Duenas, infectious disease specialist at Childrens Hospital Benjamin Bloom in El Salvador.. "The burden of dengue in El Salvador has grown every year in the last decade. Access to this vaccine is essential to boost our prevention efforts dengue in the country and reduce the burden of disease ". El Salvador reported more than 50,000 dengue fever cases in 2015, according to the Pan American Health Organization. Dengue serotype 1,2 and 3 were reported circulating in El Salvador last year.. "This latest approval of the vaccine against dengue in El Salvador shows the speed that we are moving to a preventable disease dengue vaccine in countries where the disease burden is the ...
Over the past few weeks, the Latin American country has seen an uptick in yellow fever cases in some of its rural areas.. According to the Pan American Health Organization, there are 326 confirmed cases of yellow fever in Brazil with 916 suspected cases.. In an on-going outbreak in rural Brazil though there had been no human-to-human transmission through Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, the infection had spread via non-human forest-dwelling primates, write Infectious Disease Fellow Catharine I Paules, MD, and NIAID Director Anthony S Fauci, MD, in an article published online yesterday in the New England Journal of Medicine.. Fauci clarified that it has not reached a critical level but they would be alarmed if residents in urban areas started showing symptoms of yellow fever, the Los Angeles Times reported.. But an increasing number of people have also been infected, making it Brazils worst yellow fever outbreak among humans in decades.. Dr. Fauci and Dr. Paules also warned that USA territories like ...
West Nile virus, an Old World flavivirus related to St. Louis encephalitis virus, was first recorded in the New World during August 1999 in the borough of Queens, New York City. Through October 1999, 62 patients, 7 of whom died, had confirmed infections with the virus. Ornithophilic mosquitoes are the principal vectors of West Nile virus in the Old World, and birds of several species, chiefly migrants, appear to be the major introductory or amplifying hosts. If transovarial transmission or survival in overwintering mosquitoes were the principal means for its persistence, West Nile virus might not become established in the New World because of aggressive mosquito suppression campaigns conducted in the New York area. However, the pattern of outbreaks in southern Europe suggests that viremic migratory birds may also contribute to movement of the virus. If so, West Nile virus has the potential to cause outbreaks throughout both temperate and tropical regions of the Western Hemisphere.

Home - Evangelical Lutheran Church in AmericaHome - Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

Welcome to the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA). The ELCA is a church of about 4 million members who actively ... Copyright & Trademark 2018 Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. All Rights Reserved. , Privacy Policy , Terms of Use , ...
more infohttp://www.elca.org

Tips to Manage Anxiety and Stress | Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAATips to Manage Anxiety and Stress | Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA

By submitting this form, I am consenting to receive communications from ADAA. I have read and understand ADAAs Privacy Policy. ... This infographic was created in collaboration with Mental Health America. You can download the infographic here. ...
more infohttps://adaa.org/tips-manage-anxiety-and-stress

Americas Long and Gruesome History of Botched Executions | WIREDAmerica's Long and Gruesome History of Botched Executions | WIRED

For his new book, Gruesome Spectacles: Botched Executions and Americas Death Penalty, Austin Sarat, a professor of ... Sarat says science and technology have played important roles in shaping capital punishment in America over the past century. ... long history of executions gone wrong deserves more attention in the current conversation about the death penalty in America. ...
more infohttps://www.wired.com/2014/05/botched-executions-austin-sarat/

The Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal | Genetics Society of AmericaThe Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal | Genetics Society of America

Born shortly after the Civil War in 1866 and raised in Kentucky, Morgan received his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University and spent most of his professional life teaching at three institutions: Bryn Mawr College for Women (1891-1904), Columbia University in New York (1904-1928) and the California Institute of Technology (1928-1942). Like flies attracted to honey, Morgan attracted talented graduate students at Columbia, including A. H. Sturtevant (GSA President, 1944), C. B. Bridges (published the first paper in the first volume of GENETICS) and H. J. Muller (Nobel Laureate, 1946; GSA President, 1947), which is part of his legacy to the field of genetics. At Caltech, he became the first Director of the Biology Division and by then moved from studying Drosophila to marine animals, which had been an earlier interest for him. Morgan was not only interested in genetics, but he was also known for his work in experimental embryology and regeneration.. Nominees will be considered for three years without ...
more infohttp://www.genetics-gsa.org/awards/thomashuntaward.shtml

Zika virus evolution and spread in the Americas.  - PubMed - NCBIZika virus evolution and spread in the Americas. - PubMed - NCBI

Zika virus evolution and spread in the Americas.. Metsky HC1,2, Matranga CB1, Wohl S1,3, Schaffner SF1,3,4, Freije CA1,3, ... Shown with and without the use of sequences (outgroup) from outside the Americas. b-e, Posterior density of the date of the ... Although the recent Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic in the Americas and its link to birth defects have attracted a great deal of ... The substitution rate for sequences within the Americas outbreak only, indicated by the slope of the green regression line, is ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28538734

Exercise and ArthritisExercise and Arthritis

I Am APatient / CaregiverDiseases & ConditionsLiving Well with Rheumatic DiseaseExercise and Arthritis ...
more infohttps://www.rheumatology.org/i-am-a/patient-caregiver/diseases-conditions/living-well-with-rheumatic-disease/exercise-and-arthritis

Safe Routes InfoSafe Routes Info

The National Center for Safe Routes to School is part of the UNC Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC), which in 2016 received funding from USDOT to lead the Collaborative Sciences Center for Road Safety, a National University Transportation Center. We work closely with the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), which is also part of HSRC and serves as the US Department of Transportations clearinghouse for pedestrian and bicycle research and tools. The National Center was established in 2006 when HSRC was selected to serve as the Federal Highway Administrations Safe Routes to School Clearinghouse. The National Center is applying what we have learned during our ten years of serving as the clearinghouse as we broaden our initiatives. This experience informs the thinking behind our framework for advancing the larger goals of Vision Zero. Our Vision Zero for Youth initiative was launched with support from the FIA Foundation and the US Department of Transportation. Our SRTS funders have ...
more infohttp://www.saferoutesinfo.org

GoogleGoogle

Search the worlds information, including webpages, images, videos and more. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what youre looking for.
more infohttp://www.google.co.uk

High maternal death rate shames America among developed nationsHigh maternal death rate shames America among developed nations

... The Editorial Board, USA TODAY Published 6:17 p.m. ET July 31 ... It is Americas shame.. .oembed-frame { width: 100%; height: 100%; margin: 0; border: 0; } USA TODAYs editorial opinions are ... About 700 mothers in America die each year in childbirth, many of them needlessly - a maternal death rate far higher than that ... High maternal death rate shames America among developed nations. 700 die each year in childbirth, many needlessly. Newborns are ...
more infohttps://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2018/07/31/high-maternal-death-rate-shames-america-developed-nations-editorials-debates/866752002/

All I Am Offering Is The TruthAll I Am Offering Is The Truth

... Paul Craig Roberts This is my quarterly call for your support. Click donate on the homepage of ... All I Am Offering Is The Truth. March 5, 2018 , Categories: Articles & Columns , Tags: , Print This Article ... All I am offering is the truth: https://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=YouTube+Matrix+Red+Pill&&view=detail&mid= ...
more infohttps://www.paulcraigroberts.org/2018/03/05/all-i-am-offering-is-the-truth/

AllThyroid.org: Your Lifelong Thyroid ResourceAllThyroid.org: Your Lifelong Thyroid Resource

We maintain accurate and up-to-date lists of thyroid specialists in the USA and can provide you with a list of physicians in your area. All physicians are board certified thyroid specialists and registered members of either the American Thyroid Association, the Endocrine Society, or the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists.. ...
more infohttp://www.allthyroid.org

UV Light Can Aid Hospitals Fight to Wipe Out Drug-Resistant Superbugs | Duke TodayUV Light Can Aid Hospitals' Fight to Wipe Out Drug-Resistant Superbugs | Duke Today

A new tool -- a type of ultraviolet light called UVC -- could aid hospitals in the ongoing battle to keep drug-resistant bacteria from lingering in patient rooms and causing new infections.. Some hospitals have already begun using UVC machines in addition to standard chemical disinfection to kill potentially dangerous bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), but research on their effectiveness has been preliminary.. A large randomized trial led by Duke Health and published in The Lancet finds use of UVC machines can cut transmission of four major superbugs by a cumulative 30 percent. The finding is specific to patients who stay overnight in a room where someone with a known positive culture or infection of a drug-resistant organism had previously been treated. "Some of these germs can live on the environment so long that even after a patient with the organism has left the room and it has been cleaned, the next patient in the room could potentially be exposed," said ...
more infohttps://today.duke.edu/2017/01/uv-light-can-aid-hospitals%E2%80%99-fight-wipe-out-drug-resistant-superbugs

Category:Americas - WikipediaCategory:Americas - Wikipedia

Pages in category "Americas". The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent ... Note: for the Prehistory of the Americas see Category:Pre-Columbian era. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Americas.. ... The main article for this category is Americas.. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Americas&oldid=699168863" ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Americas

UNHCR - AmericasUNHCR - Americas

Organised crime, armed groups, statelessness and decades of conflict all pose a serious risk to populations in the Americas. ... The Brazil Declaration and Plan of Action: a Road Map for Latin America. ...
more infohttp://www.unhcr.org/en-us/americas.html

Americas | Science | AAASAmericas | Science | AAAS

A new book offers guidance to young researchers and their supervisors on how they can implement the best research practices wherever they are ...
more infohttp://www.sciencemag.org/careers-region/americas

Acetyls Americas | PetrochemicalsAcetyls Americas | Petrochemicals

BP Acetyls Americas is headquartered in Naperville, IL. We offer efficient supply chains and distribution networks to cost- ... In 2016, BP Acetyls Americas celebrated the 30-year anniversary of a production agreement with the Texas City acetic acid site ... effectively serve customers throughout the Americas, as well as effectively integrating with the entire BP Global Acetyls ...
more infohttps://www.bp.com/en/global/petrochemicals/acetyls-americas.html

ITU in AmericasITU in Americas

The work of the ITU Field Offices in the Americas aims at ensuring that all members benefit from the work of the three Sectors ... The ITU provides assistance and support in the Americas region through a Regional Office based in Brasilia, hosted by the ... ITU and Samsung are proud to announce the winners of the 2017 ITU Regional Competition for Latin America and the Caribbean " ... Regional Workshop Accessible Americas IV: Information and Communication for ALL Tuesday, November 21, 2017 - Thursday, November ...
more infohttps://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Regional-Presence/Americas/Pages/default.aspx

Americas role in GermanyAmericas role in Germany

The BookReader requires JavaScript to be enabled. Please check that your browser supports JavaScript and that it is enabled in the browser settings. You can also try one of the other formats of the book. ...
more infohttp://www.archive.org/stream/AmericasRoleInGermany/231947

Americas travel - Lonely PlanetAmericas travel - Lonely Planet

I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. I can unsubscribe any time using the unsubscribe link at the end of all emails. Contact Lonely Planet here. Lonely Planet Privacy Policy. ...
more infohttps://www.lonelyplanet.com/americas

APV Americas Scholarship - FastwebAPV Americas Scholarship - Fastweb

The APV Americas Scholarship is open to students at Wayne Community College. You must be majoring in industrial systems ... The APV Americas Scholarship is open to students at Wayne Community College. You must be majoring in industrial systems ...
more infohttps://www.fastweb.com/college-scholarships/scholarships/31700-apv-americas-scholarship

IFR Americas ECM Pipeline | ReutersIFR Americas ECM Pipeline | Reuters

Sept 14, 2017 -PRICEDEpizyme (US, biotech) - $140m ABB. 9.2m shares (100%prim) at $15.25-$15.75 versus $15.95 at launch. MS, JEFF, LEER.Upsized from $120m fixed-size.First Data Corp (US, payments provider) - $1.51bn FO.85m shares (100% sec) at $17.75 versus $18.41 last sale and$18.85 launch. BAML, CITI, KKR.Performance Food (US, food distribution) - $142m Block.5m shares (100% sec) at $28.40 versus $28.40-$29.00 marketingand $29.40 last sale. BARC.Social Capital Hedosophia (US, SPAC) - $600m IPO. 60munits (100% prim) at $10 each. CS. Each unit consists of oneClass A shares and one-third of a warrant with each warrantexercisable at $11.50 a share. Upsized from 50m units.Tremont Mortgage Trust (US, Mortgage REIT) - $50m IPO. 2.5mshares (100% prim) at $20.00, inline with fixed-price marketing.UBS, CITI, RBC. Nasdaq TRMT. Downsized from 4.5m shares.US Foods (US, food distribution) - $1.1bn Block. 40mshares (100% sec) at $27.50 versus $27.50-$27.60 marketing and$28.01 last sale. JPM, MS.William Lyon
more infohttps://www.reuters.com/article/ifr-americas-ecm-pipeline/ifr-americas-ecm-pipeline-idUSL2N1LV0S3

The Two AmericasThe Two Americas

To avoid this calamity it is necessary now to show the people of the world the other America. For there are two Americas-and ... There is the other America-the America of the workers and farmers and the "little people". They constitute the great majority ... We firmly believe the real America-the America of the workers, the people-will help save the world by saving herself. ... The Two Americas. James P. Cannon. Delivered: 1948. Source: Fighting for Socialism in the "American Century"; Reprinted from ...
more infohttps://www.marxists.org/archive/cannon/works/1948/twoamer.htm

Complacent America?Complacent America?

The declinists who worry that America is growing decadent sometimes decry Chapter 11. The system indulges managers who make ...
more infohttp://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/27/AR2005092701592.html

Americas News - Bing NewsAmericas News - Bing News

News from world, national, and local news sources, organized to give you in-depth news coverage of sports, entertainment, business, politics, weather, and more.
more infohttp://www.bing.com/news?q=Americas+News&FORM=NSBABR

Young AmericaYoung America

The rubric of "America" was loosely constructed, and they encouraged literary exploration of pre-Columbian America, the ... OSullivan was already hinting at Americas soon-to-be-manifest destiny with leading articles on South America and Canada, and ... Young America. The Flowering of Democracy in New York City. By EDWARD L. WIDMER. Oxford University Press Read the Review The ... in giving to America a native Magazine." With a prophetic voice, Langtree called forth "the genius of this young America." ...
more infohttp://www.nytimes.com/books/first/w/widmer-america.html
  • The ITU provides assistance and support in the Americas region through a Regional Office based in Brasilia, hosted by the government of Brazil and other three Area Offices located in Bridgetown (Barbados), Santiago (Chile) and Tegucigalpa (Honduras). (itu.int)
  • The work of the ITU Field Offices in the Americas aims at ensuring that all members benefit from the work of the three Sectors of the Union, addressing the specific needs of the region and of each country. (itu.int)
  • As of 2014, the Buenos Aires offices of Americas Petrogas Argentina employed almost 35 people and 15 field personnel (representing a total 800 combined years oil and gas experience), many of whom worked together in the past under Chauvco Resources Argentina and Pioneer Natural Resources (Argentina). (wikipedia.org)
  • High maternal death rate shames America among developed nations 700 die each year in childbirth, many needlessly. (usatoday.com)
  • Even better, these incidents, reeking of high-seas romance and international intrigue, gave birth to a magazine that cut a piratical swath across antebellum America: the Democratic Review . (nytimes.com)
  • The great majority of the peoples of the world do not want to be slaves of America. (marxists.org)
  • One is the America of the imperialists-of the little clique of capitalists, landlords, and militarists who are threatening and terrifying the world. (marxists.org)
  • This is the America which must and will solve the world crisis-by taking power out of the hands of the little clique of exploiters and parasites, and establishing a government of workers and farmers. (marxists.org)
  • But our America has fallen into the hands of a small, selfish group, who are trying to dominate the world-and to set up a police state at home. (marxists.org)
  • Although the recent Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic in the Americas and its link to birth defects have attracted a great deal of attention, much remains unknown about ZIKV disease epidemiology and ZIKV evolution, in part owing to a lack of genomic data. (nih.gov)
  • He spoke with WIRED about why he believes the long history of executions gone wrong deserves more attention in the current conversation about the death penalty in America. (wired.com)