Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
A group of islands of SAMOA, in the southwest central Pacific. Its capital is Pago Pago. The islands were ruled by native chiefs until about 1869. An object of American interest beginning in 1839, Pago Pago and trading and extraterritorial rights were granted to the United States in 1878. The United States, Germany, and England administered the islands jointly 1889-99, but in 1899 they were granted to the United States by treaty. The Department of the Interior has administered American Samoa since 1951. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p44)
A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Professional society representing the field of medicine.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of cancer through education and research.
The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.
A division of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that is responsible for the public health and the provision of medical services to NATIVE AMERICANS in the United States, primarily those residing on reservation lands.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.
Inuktitut-speakers generally associated with the northern polar region.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
A plant genus of the family CAPPARACEAE that contains cleogynol and 15alpha-acetoxycleomblynol (dammaranes) and 1-epibrachyacarpone (a triterpene), and ISOTHIOCYANATES.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)
A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A professional society in the United States whose membership is composed of hospitals.
Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.
Professional society representing the field of dentistry.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.
WHO regional office for the Americas acting as a coordinating agency for the improvement of health conditions in the hemisphere. The four main functions are: control or eradication of communicable diseases, strengthening of national and local health services, education and training, and research.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies, south of Florida. With the adjacent islands it forms the Republic of Cuba. Its capital is Havana. It was discovered by Columbus on his first voyage in 1492 and conquered by Spain in 1511. It has a varied history under Spain, Great Britain, and the United States but has been independent since 1902. The name Cuba is said to be an Indian name of unknown origin but the language that gave the name is extinct, so the etymology is a conjecture. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p302 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p132)
The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.
The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.
A genus of the family Bovidae having two species: B. bison and B. bonasus. This concept is differentiated from BUFFALOES, which refers to Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of members of minority groups.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
An araliaceous genus of plants that contains a number of pharmacologically active agents used as stimulants, sedatives, and tonics, especially in traditional medicine. Sometimes confused with Siberian ginseng (ELEUTHEROCOCCUS).
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Non-profit organizations concerned with various aspects of health, e.g., education, promotion, treatment, services, etc.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
The interrelationship of psychology and religion.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is San Juan. It is a self-governing commonwealth in union with the United States. It was discovered by Columbus in 1493 but no colonization was attempted until 1508. It belonged to Spain until ceded to the United States in 1898. It became a commonwealth with autonomy in internal affairs in 1952. Columbus named the island San Juan for St. John's Day, the Monday he arrived, and the bay Puerto Rico, rich harbor. The island became Puerto Rico officially in 1932. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p987 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p436)
Organizations which certify physicians and dentists as specialists in various fields of medical and dental practice.
A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.
Persons ordained for religious duties, who serve as leaders and perform religious services.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A system of hand gestures used for communication by the deaf or by people speaking different languages.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
An endemic disease that is characterized by the development of single or multiple localized lesions on exposed areas of skin that typically ulcerate. The disease has been divided into Old and New World forms. Old World leishmaniasis is separated into three distinct types according to epidemiology and clinical manifestations and is caused by species of the L. tropica and L. aethiopica complexes as well as by species of the L. major genus. New World leishmaniasis, also called American leishmaniasis, occurs in South and Central America and is caused by species of the L. mexicana or L. braziliensis complexes.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
A group of islands in Polynesia, in the north central Pacific Ocean, comprising eight major and 114 minor islands, largely volcanic and coral. Its capital is Honolulu. It was first reached by Polynesians about 500 A.D. It was discovered and named the Sandwich Islands in 1778 by Captain Cook. The islands were united under the rule of King Kamehameha 1795-1819 and requested annexation to the United States in 1893 when a provisional government was set up. Hawaii was established as a territory in 1900 and admitted as a state in 1959. The name is from the Polynesian Owhyhii, place of the gods, with reference to the two volcanoes Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa, regarded as the abode of the gods. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p493 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p2330)
The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Armed conflict that resulted in separation of American colonies from Britain and established the United States of America.
Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Common name for the largest birds in the order PASSERIFORMES, family Corvidae. These omnivorous black birds comprise most of the species in the genus Corvus, along with ravens and jackdaws (which are often also referred to as crows).
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The geographic area of the midwestern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not indicated. The states usually included in this region are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Differential treatment or unequal access to opportunities, based on group membership such as origin or ethnicity.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of neoplasms.
Sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)
Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
A genus in the family Blattidae containing several species, the most common being P. americana, the American cockroach.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania viannia that infects man and animals. It causes cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS) depending on the subspecies of this organism. The sandfly, Lutzomyia, is the vector. The Leishmania braziliensis complex includes the subspecies braziliensis and peruviana. Uta, a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the New World, is caused by the subspecies peruviana.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Family of large marine CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA. These are called clawed lobsters because they bear pincers on the first three pairs of legs. The American lobster and Cape lobster in the genus Homarus are commonly used for food.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.

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Reducing the Risk of Russian-American Standoff. Editors Note: Dr. Martin Hellman, Adjunct Fellow for Nuclear Risk, professor ... Posted on Jul.16, 2014 in Nuclear, Risk by Martin Hellman What Are Acceptable Nuclear Risks?. When I read Eric Schlossers ... Most importantly, it would reduce the risk of a Russian-American standoff which could lead to nuclear threats, or even nuclear ... Using a slope factor of 5% added risk of cancer fatality per 1 Sv (100 rem) of exposure, the risk of developing cancer from 1 ...
... as well as ways to reduce this risk. ... data suggesting a strong relationship between cancer risk and ... It also highlights ways to reduce that risk by following American Cancer Society guidelines for achieving and maintaining a ... Body Weight & Cancer Risk. There is growing data suggesting a strong relationship between excess body weight and increased risk ... 2020 American Cancer Society, Inc. All rights reserved. The American Cancer Society is a qualified 501(c)(3) tax-exempt ...
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they ... Farther north, the shifting climate is proving to be a boon for stinging insects. Jeffrey Demain, director of the Allergy, ... This increases risks for people who are already sensitized and threatens those with respiratory problems. The spread of ... Climate Change Expands Allergy Risk. A warming climate makes for a brutal allergy season in the U.S., which may become even ...
... author of Risk Management Handbook for Health Care Organizations, on LibraryThing ... American Society for Healthcare Risk Management. Author division. American Society for Healthcare Risk Management is currently ... American Society for Healthcare Risk Management. Author of Risk Management Handbook for Health Care Organizations. ... Risk Management Handbook for Health Care Organizations 8 copies. *Training manual for health care central service technicians 3 ...
Association of Insurance and Risk Managers in Industry and Commerce Professional Risk Managers International Association Risk ... The American Risk and Insurance Association (ARIA) is a professional organization whose focus is the study and promotion of ... It was formed in 1932 and publishes two journals: Journal of Risk and Insurance and Risk Management and Insurance Review. The ... Official website Journal of Risk and Insurance Risk Management and Insurance Review. ...
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they ... Gene Increases Risk for Pot Addiction. First gene associated with cannabis abuse likely affects how people respond to the drug ... The gene doesnt make someone a pot smoker, but it can increase the risk of addiction for those who try cannabis, says Ditte ... Using a larger database will help to find many more risk genes as well as perhaps genes connected to some populations but not ...
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Mel Watt, D-N.C., said he is concerned that empowering the Fed with systemic risk functions would clash with monetary policy ... Mike Castle, R-Del., asked if the Fed should give up some powers in order to take on systemic risk regulation. ... But Ed Yingling, the president and chief executive of the American Bankers Association, said the Fed should give up regulation ... Theyre also the most diverse, most educated, comprise the largest segment of the American workforce, hold the most purchasing ...
Assessing risk and assigning risk ratings to define and measure the severity of a risk of a hazard is a crucial part of hazard ... The primary goal of risk rating is to differentiate between an institutions high-risk activities and low-risk activities. ... Risk ratings and scaling can show where additional resources are required.. In our discussion, well focus on rating risks ... Risk is the probability that a hazard will result in an adverse consequence. Assessing risk of potential hazards helps to ...
He will be speaking at the 14th Annual National Collections & Credit Risk Conference next month in MIami. ... Credit risk needs to be handled across the entire lifecycle so banks have a better view of the customer as a whole and all ... Because of the shift in the volume of collections and the uncertainty behind identifying customers at risk, there is more at ... Top customers might receive the best offers and service and those that pose a default risk can be dealt with quickly. ...
Younger Americans are being exposed to worrisome amounts of radiation from medical scans that increase their risk of cancer, U. ... Younger Americans are being exposed to worrisome amounts of radiation from medical scans that increase their risk of cancer, U. ... Their three-year study of nearly 1 million Americans aged 18 to 64 suggests that as many as 4 million Americans a year are ... We may know the costs and we may have a good guess at the risk, but we dont know the value, said Lauer, who wrote a commentary ...
Injury Risk of Nonpowder Guns. Danielle Laraque and Committee on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention ... These findings were similar to those of Walsh et al.18 In 1 study, the predominant risk factors for ocular injury from an air ... Although some comments have been made on risk factors for injury, this report is not meant to be an exhaustive review of the ... American Society for Testing and Materials, Committee on Standards. Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Powder Guns. ...
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... low risk while one in 12 had highly hazardous ingredients. ... that less than a quarter of products aimed at African-Americans ... Could African-American beauty products pose health risks? By Meera Senthilingam, CNN ... Knowing the risks. Most cosmetics and ingredients dont need approval from the US Food and Drug Administration before they go ... Since data began to emerge on the risks associated with hair relaxers, many women have veered away from them. But both Leiba ...
Some risk communication researchers suggest that natural risks are generally more acceptable than man-made risks.35 At an IOM ... Other attributes of risk also affect risk acceptability and may complicate parental risk decisions.33 Voluntary, controllable ... Covello VT, Sandman PM, Slovic P. Risk Communication, Risk Statistics, and Risk Comparisons: A Manual for Plant Managers. ... Second, effective risk communication acknowledges factors influencing risk perception and risk acceptability, and addresses ...
At the risk of pointing out what should be common-sense measures, here are things that all "cool" dog owners do for their best ...
... and their risk of target vessel revascularization is almost doubled, new research shows. ... African American women are three times as likely as white women to have a myocardial infarction (MI) in the year following ... However, African American women had more than triple the risk of MI compared to whites (hazard ratio 3.45) and their risk of ... Cite this: African American Women at Higher Risk of Revascularization, MI After PCI - Medscape - Apr 29, 2019. ...
The reason is obvious: Each time an unborn child is presumed in American law to be a rights-bearing person is potential ... Thats why everyone who cares about the reproductive freedom of American women needs to be aware of the present danger - as ... votes to confirm a justice who could conceivably declare unconstitutional a procedure that fewer than one-fifth of Americans ...
... is believed to have been killed last week after traveling to North Sentinel - part of the Indian archipelago of Andaman and ... Citing disease risk to tribe, group urges halt to hunt for dead American. ... "The risk of a deadly epidemic of flu, measles or other outside disease is very real, and increases with every such contact," ... recover the body of an American missionary believed to have been killed by an isolated tribe on a remote island due to the risk ...
The Pew Charitable Trusts About News Room Opinion Opinion: Americas Young Scientists at Risk ... Read the letter Americas Young Scientists at Risk on the Sacramento Bees Web site. ... Today, the risk of losing our leadership position is even greater. In this increasingly competitive world, we need to renew and ... But as the hurricane metaphor in the reports title broadcasts, our nation is more at risk than ever: "It would appear that ...
For many Americans, the Fourth of July will be more intimate this year. Saturday will be unlike any Independence Day in recent ... More fireworks in Americans hands for July 4 raises risks. Read full article. *. ... Fourth of July Fireworks Risk. People purchase fireworks on Thursday, July 2, 2020, in Dublin, Calif. For many Americans, the ... For many Americans, the Fourth of July wont be about big festivities but setting off fireworks themselves. Hundreds of cities ...
Your business deserves loss control strategy to protect its risks. Check out our extensive resources that will help you plan ... Why American Family Insurance? Corporate Careers Students & Recent Grads Agency Careers Community Involvement Getting Hired ... Insurance Products Tools & Calculators Grow Your Business Landlord Toolbox Insurance 101 Articles Loss & Risk Control FAQs ...
CAPs risk-sharing plan. To build an ideal risk-sharing plan, the Center for American Progress started with the idea that ... Other papers on risk sharing in higher education In addition to "Sharing the Risk," the Center for American Progress ... In this report, the Center for American Progress proposes a new vision for institutions to share in the risk of federal student ... This report is part of a series of papers on higher education risk sharing commissioned by the Center for American Progress ...
Competency Aspiration Establish and maintain proactive risk management practices that address safety within the camp experience ... Establish and maintain an environment in which risk assessment and management practices are implemented. ... American Camp Association. 5000 State Road 67 North. Martinsville, IN 46151-7902. Phone: 800-428-2267. Phone: 765-342-8456. Fax ... The American Camp Association is a community of camp professionals who, for over 100 years, have joined together to share our ...
Find out how much these and other demographic factors increase your risk of burnout. ... Several of the workplace-related risk factors listed in the discussion paper also indicate a strong potential for overlap with ... It also reported on the current state of physician demographic characteristics that point to a higher risk for physician ... Workplace pressures tend to dominate the discussion on physician burnout, but for many doctors there are substantial risk ...
Drusen are typically a result of aging and are commonly found in people age 60 and older. Caucasians are more likely to develop drusen, as well as age-related m
Some people are at greater risk for developing glaucoma and should see their ophthalmologist on a regular basis, specifically ... Talk with an ophthalmologist about your risk for getting glaucoma. People with more than one of these risk factors have an even ...
Learn how weakening global growth and a persistently strong dollar could raise exchange rate risk for U.S. companies trading ... These third party articles do not represent the opinions, views or analysis of American Express and American Express does not ... Its not just developing countries that are at risk when capital flows become unstable and exchange rate risk increases. Carney ... raising the risk of corporate defaults and bankruptcies along supply chains. A strong dollar exchange rate can also risk making ...
The medical risk feedback will also be randomized as to whether they receive disease risk information only (predisposing risk ... Risk Communication Within Mexican-American Families. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of ... complex diseases and the development of strategies by Mexican American families to address this risk. For the Mexican American ... Risk Communication Within Mexican-American Families. Official Title ICMJE The Role of Family History and Culture in Communal ...
Because heterogeneity in breast cancer risk in these ethnic populations is similar to that in international comparisons and ... Asian-American women born in the West had a breast cancer risk 60% higher than Asian-American women born in the East. Among ... Migration patterns and breast cancer risk in Asian-American women J Natl Cancer Inst. 1993 Nov 17;85(22):1819-27. doi: 10.1093/ ... Asian-American women with three or four grandparents born in the West had a risk 50% higher than those with all grandparents ...
  • The study evaluated more than 1,500 African-American patients with IBD -- including 1,088 with Crohn's disease and 361 with ulcerative colitis -- from 35 IBD centers across North America and used 1,797 African-Americans without IBD for comparison. (
  • 20/04/2015 - Experts and policy makers gathered today at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) to discuss the future of pensions in Latin America and the Caribbean. (
  • The event marked the launch of Pensions at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean , a publication co-published by the IDB, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and the World Bank. (
  • Pensions at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean provides a detailed analysis of the systems in 26 countries, focusing on their structures, rules and parameters. (
  • Danish researchers have for the first time identified a gene that increases the risk for cannabis use disorder. (
  • Research shows that drinking alcohol increases the risk of many forms of cancer. (
  • Strong evidence shows that as alcohol consumption increases, it increases the risk of many forms of cancer. (
  • Alcohol increases the risk of all forms of breast cancer, and risk is particularly increased for estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer, which is the most common form. (
  • The disease increases the risk of serious health problems like nerve damage, kidney failure, and heart disease. (
  • Secondhand smoke, exposure to other people's smoke, also increases the risk of heart disease for nonsmokers. (
  • Hospitalization for any reason increases the risk, so people in the hospital should ask about prevention. (
  • Previous research indicates that loneliness increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and poor health outcomes. (
  • Women are known to be at increased risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared to men, and some studies suggest black and Hispanic women have worse outcomes than whites, Mehran and her team note in their April 10 report in Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions. (
  • Any outcomes-based accountability system has a very real risk of creating unintended consequences. (
  • In assessing failure rates, drug efficacy, election outcomes, hurricane paths and more, we are seeing the results of continued efforts to quantify the ideas of risk and reliability. (
  • A study from one of the largest public health systems in the country has found that African American patients experienced significantly worse outcomes after angioplasty and stenting than patients of other races, though researchers are not sure why. (
  • To examine the relationship of smoking to sexual risk outcomes among African American adolescent females. (
  • To identify social cognitive outcomes relevant to a specific adolescent sexual risk reduction intervention, and to examine the program's impact on these. (
  • More research is needed to determine the extent to which outcomes are related to short and long term risk behaviors. (
  • To synthesize and summarize existing knowledge on the effectiveness of mind-body therapies on MetS outcomes in African-American (AA) women, a US subpopulation at high risk for CVD. (
  • Widely accepted risk-aversion theories, including Expected Utility Theory (EUT) and Prospect Theory (PT), arrive at risk aversion only indirectly, as a side effect of how outcomes are valued or how probabilities are judged. (
  • The Danish researchers identified a single variant of the gene CHRNA2 (cholinergic receptor nicotinic α2 subunit), which affects the risk of becoming addicted to cannabis. (
  • Younger Americans are being exposed to worrisome amounts of radiation from medical scans that increase their risk of cancer, U.S. researchers said on Wednesday. (
  • According to the BUSM researchers, specific types of vegetables may play a greater role in reducing breast cancer risk. (
  • The researchers also observed evidence suggesting that increased carrot consumption may be associated with lower risk of breast cancer. (
  • ANN ARBOR, MI African-American men face a higher risk of developing prostate cancer in their lifetime, but researchers do not fully understand why. (
  • The researchers are now comparing rates of stroke risk factors in Native American stroke survivors with those from other racial groups who have a lower incidence of stroke. (
  • Black Americans often experience greater obstacles to preventing, detecting and treating cancer, researchers say. (
  • In a new study examining the influence of social disadvantage and its effect on loneliness, researchers recruited 50 African-American and 49 non-Hispanic white postmenopausal women with at least two risk factors for cardiovascular disease. (
  • The researchers are continuing to comb through the data for factors that signal an increased risk for African Americans after PCI. (
  • The researchers found that among those without a stroke at the start of the study, African-Americans were 2.7 times more likely to have a stroke than the white participants at age 45, however, there was no difference at age 85. (
  • In a new study published this week in the journal BMJ , researchers from several universities, including from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Brigham and Women's Hospital, tracked nearly 17,000 female nurses and their kids to observe how mothers' habits may influence risk of childhood obesity. (
  • With one in five American children and adolescents aged 6-19 diagnosed as obese, researchers hope the new study highlights "the potential benefits of implementing family or parental based multifactorial interventions to curb the risk of childhood obesity. (
  • Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, along with colleagues at Emory University and Cedars-Sinai, have published in the journal Gastroenterology the first major, in-depth analysis of genetic risk factors of inflammatory bowel disease in African-Americans. (
  • The researchers also examined if, within the majority of these IBD genetic loci, there are genetic variations that are of particular risk for causing IBD in African-Americans that are distinct from those identified in whites. (
  • The researchers found gene variants within three of the most highly associated regions for Crohn's disease in whites -- NOD2, interleukin 23 receptor (IL23R) and a region on chromosome 5 known as 5p15.1 -- are also important risk factors for Crohn's disease in African-Americans. (
  • For the study, researchers looked at pain as a predictor of frailty in older Mexican American adults in a follow-up period of 18 years. (
  • In another study released in August in "Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology," researchers found that ibuprofen is one of the most frequent causes of drug-induced liver injuries listed in the Spanish and Latin-American registries of the Drug-Induced Liver Injury Network. (
  • The researchers suggest people at risk of heart disease are likely confused about whether to take aspirin because they are hearing contradictory advice. (
  • Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, reporting in the February issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, say these findings suggest it is important to ensure that African American women understand their risk of developing cancer, and genetic counseling to address cultural beliefs and values may be one way of doing so. (
  • The researchers surveyed 95 African-American women who had a personal and family history of breast cancer that was suggestive of hereditary disease, had been treated for the disease with either lumpectomy or mastectomy, and had one intact breast. (
  • The researchers found that 53 percent of respondents felt they had the same or a lower risk of developing breast cancer again compared to other women, but that a substantial minority of the survivors (47 percent) reported that they had a higher or much higher risk. (
  • With testing more than a decade old, researchers are just beginning to have better data to understand the benefits of risk-reducing surgery. (
  • In a study published in the most recent issue of The American Journal of Medicine , researchers found that inhaled corticosteroids were associated with a 34% increase in the rate of diabetes onset and in the rate of diabetes progression. (
  • Since these items require participants to judge the benefits and risks that would affect them personally, the researchers hoped the scale would be more emotionally stimulating than one used in the first investigation. (
  • The researchers concluded, "acetaminophen may reduce negative affect and risk perception in turn and, thereby, increase risk-taking. (
  • Low health literacy in older Americans is linked to poorer health status and a higher risk of death, according to a new evidence review by researchers at RTI International-University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center. (
  • The researchers found an association between low health literacy in Americans age 18 and older and poorer use of health care services, including more frequent use of emergency rooms and more hospital admissions, a lower likelihood of getting flu shots and of understanding medical labels and instructions, and a greater likelihood of taking medicines incorrectly compared to adults with higher health literacy. (
  • After accounting for multiple risk factors for stroke, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high 'bad' cholesterol levels, and older age, researchers calculated that current smokers carried a risk for stroke that was more than double the risk for never smokers. (
  • The researchers found that African American smokers who smoked 20 or more cigarettes a day had higher CIMT compared to never smokers. (
  • Researchers said this suggests that the buildup of plaque in the major blood vessels of the brains of African American smokers could play a role in the development of stroke. (
  • According to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 40 percent of American adults are obese, the highest rates ever recorded in the country. (
  • During its 2010 "System Worth Saving" Task Force visits to 32 VA medical centers nationwide, The American Legion heard a common theme repeated in staff interviews: a shortage of personnel, especially nurses and other staff with specialty training. (
  • While cured meats are cancer causing, as the World Health Organization has indicated, the overall risk to developing colorectal cancer from eating cured meats is relatively low. (
  • They said the cumulative risk of repeated exposure to radiation from medical scans is a public health threat that needs to be addressed. (
  • Dr. Michael Lauer of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, one of the National Institutes of Health, said imaging equipment makers are working on new products to reduce radiation risks. (
  • Could African-American beauty products pose health risks? (
  • This analysis is the first to assess products tailored to this demographic for their risks and dangers to consumer health. (
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - African American women are three times as likely as white women to have a myocardial infarction (MI) in the year following stent placement, and their risk of target vessel revascularization is almost doubled, new research shows. (
  • Within the Mexican-American community, the family culture provides an important setting in which individuals interpret and share their health information and formulate strategies to engage in health-promoting behaviors. (
  • Participants are interviewed about their medical history, family history of disease, health behaviors, beliefs about disease and disease risk, experiences living in the United States, and relationships with family members and close friends. (
  • Two additional interviews are conducted over the telephone that include questions about how the participants communicate with family members about their risk and health behaviors. (
  • The study results, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, were based on data from the Black Women's Health Study (BWHS), a large follow-up study of 59,000 African American women from across the U.S. conducted by investigators at the Slone Epidemiology Center since 1995. (
  • The majority of births in rural America are paid for by Medicaid, and Medicaid is not the most generous payer," said Diane Calmus, government affairs and policy manager for the National Rural Health Association. (
  • All health/medical information on this website has been reviewed and approved by the American Heart Association, based on scientific research and American Heart Association guidelines. (
  • The American Bone Health Fracture Risk Calculator asks you a set of questions to help you figure out your level of risk. (
  • Did you recently attend an American Bone Health event? (
  • Yes, I would like to receive additional information from American Bone Health. (
  • This affects their ability to acquire health insurance, with some 20% of African Americans reporting not having any insurance at all. (
  • Exceptions include when the woman's life is at immediate risk, when the fetus suffers from conditions that are incompatible with a good quality of life, or when the woman's health is seriously threatened by a medical or psychological condition that continued pregnancy will exacerbate. (
  • Racial misidentification of American Indians/Alaska Natives in the HIV/AIDS reporting systems of five states and one urban health jurisdiction, US, 1984-2002. (
  • In fact, climate change is "one of the most serious public health threats facing our nation," according to Dr. Georges Benjamin, Executive Director of the American Public Health Association. (
  • Heat and drought contribute to wildfire risks and their health-harming smoke. (
  • Smoke from fires can pose a health risk to people living far beyond the blaze. (
  • We can protect our families from these health risks. (
  • Identifying increases in risk factors in ethnic groups with health and socioeconomic disparities can help us target these risks to reduce the stroke burden going forward. (
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors. (
  • A randomized control trial involving 763 adolescents (recruited during 2012-2014) who were randomly assigned to either an 8-session general health intervention (control) or an 8-session sexual risk reduction intervention (treatment). (
  • Having excess body fat, measured as body mass index, can put children at higher risk of other chronic health conditions and diseases, including asthma, Type 2 diabetes, bone and joint problems, sleep apnea and heart disease. (
  • Older Mexican-Americans are an underserved population with disparities in healthcare access and delivery and health risks associated to their demographic group," said National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) Director Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable, M.D. "This study identifies the need to effectively manage pain in Latino populations by culturally appropriate interventions. (
  • Across America there are thousands of people like the Buchanans, the Owenses and the Bobbies making the same hard decision to go without health insurance, despite the benefits. (
  • While the share of Americans without health insurance is near historic lows four years after the Affordable Care Act extended coverage to almost 20 million people, the Trump administration has been rolling back parts of the law. (
  • The conference is designed for district, council, regional health and safety, and/or risk management committee members, plus council professionals who are assigned as the ERM committee staff advisers. (
  • and professionals, such as rangers, have health and safety or risk management responsibilities and will also benefit from this course. (
  • Your instructors will include key volunteers from the the National Health and Safety Support Committee, a representative of the Risk Management Advisory Panel, and members of the National Council Health and Safety and Risk Management teams. (
  • The Center for American Progress estimates that ACA sabotage through just two actions-repeal of the individual mandate and increased availability of short-term plans-will result in an additional $970 in premiums for a typical 40-year-old purchasing health insurance through the marketplace, beyond what the person would have paid absent that sabotage. (
  • This column focuses on the threat that ACA sabotage actions-such as expanded availability of junk plans and administration rules that could limit access to important services and roll back protections-pose to women's health, highlighting the particular risk for women with pre-existing conditions. (
  • The Trump administration has taken numerous actions that put the health of women and girls with pre-existing conditions once again at risk. (
  • It is possible to get relief from pain - without risking your health. (
  • Wider use of low-dose aspirin by older Americans at higher risk of cardiovascular disease could be a cost-effective way to generate substantial population health benefits over the next 20 years. (
  • A coalition [11] of more than 100 labor, environmental, and health organizations has advocated for comprehensive chemical security legislation that would help remove the threat of a poison gas disaster by requiring the highest risk facilities to use safer processes where feasible. (
  • While The American Legion commended VA for showing "great responsibility" in bringing the violation of cleaning protocol to public attention, Searle reminded the committee that, "a lack of compliance with those protocols had led to a situation where veterans' confidence in their health-care system is being eroded. (
  • Rates of limited health literacy are higher among seniors, minorities, lower-income Americans and those with less than a high school education. (
  • African Americans who smoke are nearly 2.5 times more likely to have a stroke than those who never smoked, while former smokers show a similarly lower risk as never smokers, according to a new study funded by the National Institutes of Health. (
  • The study's findings, funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and the National Institute for Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), both part of NIH, will appear online in the Journal of the American Heart Association . (
  • He noted that while smoking has been shown in major studies to raise the risk of stroke 1.5 times for the general population, 'these adverse health effects seem to be magnified in African Americans. (
  • It can cause your blood pressure to increase dramatically and can also increase your risk of cancer, obesity, alcoholism, suicide and accidents. (
  • For the first time, AICR research found that obesity links to increased risk for this cancer. (
  • Mexican-Americans were more likely than those living in Mexico to have liver cancer risk factors such as obesity, diabetes and heavy drinking. (
  • Having a combination of risk factors for liver disease, such as obesity and excessive drinking, or diabetes and chronic hepatitis C infection, has been shown to increase risk of liver cancer," she said. (
  • Obesity --- people with obesity have 2 times the risk of VTE as people with normal weight, and the higher the weight, the higher the risk. (
  • The website of the US government's cancer research agency lists a range of risk factors for colorectal cancer, from smoking and obesity to family history. (
  • One of those risk factors is obesity, which also disproportionately affects Black people in the US. (
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the problem of obesity in Mexican American children and provide a method for identifying Mexican American children at risk for obesity. (
  • CONCLUSION: This study provides schools with a simple procedure for identifying Mexican American children at risk for obesity. (
  • They also mention that prospective research on a father's role in childhood obesity risk is needed. (
  • In addition, older Mexican-American adults are particularly prone to risk factors linked to pain, such as diabetes, obesity and disability. (
  • This study will examine what methods work best for encouraging Mexican-American family members to talk about their risk for diabetes, heart disease, breast cancer and colon cancer. (
  • They are then provided information about their family risk for diabetes, heart disease, breast cancer and colon cancer, based on the information they provided in the interview. (
  • Medical risk information (feedback) will be provided to participants based upon family history information that they provide about four complex diseases: diabetes, heart disease, breast cancer and colon cancer. (
  • Diabetes affects millions of Americans and it's a leading cause of disability and death in the United States. (
  • November is American Diabetes Month , the ideal time for you to find out if you're at risk and learn about the services and diabetic supplies covered by Medicare. (
  • You may be at high risk for diabetes if you're obese, have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or a family history of diabetes. (
  • If you're at high risk for developing diabetes or you're diagnosed with pre-diabetes, you may be eligible for up to 2 fasting blood glucose (blood sugar) tests each year. (
  • The program may include tips for eating healthy, being active, monitoring blood sugar, taking drugs, and reducing diabetes risk factors. (
  • It also increases your risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and high blood pressure. (
  • Major risk factors for CHD include diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, male sex, older age, smoking, and a father who had a heart attack before 55 years of age or mother who had a heart attack before 65 years of age. (
  • All of us need to be aware of risk factors like high blood pressure, smoking and diabetes that can lead to stroke," he added. (
  • Further analysis revealed a significant rise in all the risk factors, except for diabetes, between 2000 and 2016. (
  • Diabetes and high blood pressure also run in families, and can increase your risk of getting kidney disease. (
  • Due to genetics, people of these races/ethnicities are at higher risk for having high blood pressure and diabetes. (
  • Being obese puts you at greater risk for the two biggest causes of kidney disease: diabetes and high blood pressure. (
  • Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance are strongly linked with essential hypertension (EH) and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), both of which afflict African American women with greater incidence, morbidity, and mortality compared to Caucasians. (
  • The relationship between social determinants, diabetes, physical function, mobility, frailty and pain in older Mexican-Americans is complex and poorly understood. (
  • At the highest inhaled doses the risk increased by 64% in diabetes onset and 54% in diabetes progression. (
  • There is growing data suggesting a strong relationship between excess body weight and increased risk of certain cancers. (
  • The numbers of cancers predicted by the CARE model agreed well with observed numbers of cancers (i.e., it was well calibrated) in data from the WHI, except that it underestimated risk in African American women with breast biopsy examinations. (
  • September is Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month and with breast cancer awareness a few weeks away, it's a good time to highlight how women can reduce the risk of many of the most common cancers. (
  • For each of the cancers listed, AICR research shows that what women weigh, eat, and how much they exercise play a role in reducing the risk. (
  • Cancer - all cancers increase the risk, especially if the cancer has spread widely, and if it is cancer of the lung, brain, lymphoma, gynecologic system (like ovary or uterus), or gastrointestinal tract (like pancreas or stomach). (
  • How do shared risk factors affect the risk of second cancers? (
  • For some cancers, having that cancer means you are at an increased risk of getting another cancer in the same organ or nearby. (
  • For example, although there are many risk factors for colorectal and breast cancer, many of these cancers have no clear cause. (
  • But the larynx isn't the only part of the body exposed to cigarette smoke, so it isn't surprising that people who have had cancer of the larynx also have a higher risk of other smoking-related cancers, such as cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus (tube connecting the throat to the stomach), and lung. (
  • People who have had bladder cancer have an increased risk of some other cancers linked to smoking, such as cancers of the lung and larynx. (
  • For example, women with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome, which is linked to mutations in the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 , have a high risk of breast, ovarian, and some other cancers. (
  • Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer syndrome (HNPCC), also known as Lynch syndrome, is linked to a high risk of colorectal, endometrial, bladder, and some other cancers. (
  • Colon and rectal cancers, which the National Cancer Institute (NCI) says are the third most common form of the disease in the country, are front-page news after the death of the American actor Chadwick Boseman. (
  • After all, as the NCI says, older age is the main risk factor for most cancers. (
  • Wider use of daily low-dose aspirin by older Americans at risk of heart disease could reduce their risk of heart attack, prevent some cancers and death from cancer, and help them live longer. (
  • The risk of getting or transmitting HIV varies widely depending on the type of exposure or behavior. (
  • And the present research suggests acetaminophen might increase risk-taking behavior too. (
  • Conversely, the rejection of a sure thing in favor of a gamble of lower or equal expected value is known as risk-seeking behavior. (
  • This estimate is based upon 4 American Express TRS Risk Management Manager salary report(s) provided by employees or estimated based upon statistical methods. (
  • Much of the rest of book is a cornucopia of probability models and inference methods for different problems in risk and reliability. (
  • University of Queensland Professor Jim Joy, who developed the programme, said: This initiative leads the industry in recognising that in order to achieve zero harm you need good understanding of the issues and of the methods required for achieving line-driven ownership of approaches to reducing risk. (
  • This clinical guideline was designed to address colon ischemia (CI) including its definition, epidemiology, risk factors, presentations, methods of diagnosis, and therapeutic interventions. (
  • This increases risks for people who are already sensitized and threatens those with respiratory problems. (
  • These conditions already afflict 60 million people in the United States, according to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, and annually cost $21 billion. (
  • Even though the individual risk for any patient exposed to these kinds of doses may be small, when you add that up over millions of people, that can be a concerning population risk, Dr. Reza Fazel of Emory University in Atlanta and colleagues wrote in the New England Journal of Medicine. (
  • The organization analyzed more than 1,100 products marketed to black women -- people who identify as African-American as well as those from the Caribbean and other areas -- and found that less than a quarter scored "low" on its hazard scale. (
  • What you choose to bring into your home is a very personal choice," Leiba said, adding that the goal is not to dictate what people should and shouldn't buy but to help them perceive their risk. (
  • Some people have a higher than normal risk of getting glaucoma . (
  • People with more than one of these risk factors have an even higher risk of glaucoma. (
  • Race African-Americans tend to develop high blood pressure more often than people of any other racial background in the United States. (
  • Obstructive sleep apnea may increase risk of developing HBP and is common in people with resistant hypertension . (
  • Americans have poured record amounts of money into savings accounts even though interest rates are at historic lows, new federal data show, a sign that average people may be missing out on a booming stock market and recovering real estate sector. (
  • People have lost their appetite for risk," said Karen Dynan, co-director of the economic studies program at the Brookings Institution. (
  • A lot of people are taking a lot more risk in conservative investments than they realize. (
  • It also tells you if your risk is higher than other people your age. (
  • For some people, taking an aspirin every day can reduce the risk of a heart attack. (
  • People at the highest risk, like those with cancer, having surgery, or with major trauma like fractures or immobilization, should ask about getting prevention treatments. (
  • Finally, this article highlights the fact that suicide is a particular problem among young American Indian/Alaskan Native people: in this sample, 22 percent of those completing suicide were under 21, and half were under 29. (
  • This October, NRDC released a report that looked at data from the 2011 wildfire season and found that two-thirds of Americans-nearly 212 million people-lived in counties affected by smoky skies. (
  • Lipoprotein(a) or Lp(a) cholesterol is not commonly screened for in Canada, so most people do not even know they are at risk. (
  • People who have had acute kidney injury before are more at risk for chronic kidney disease than people who have never had acute kidney injury. (
  • Professor Jean-Paul Franzidis of the Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Cape Town (UCT) agreed: We believe this global initiative has the potential to change the mindset of people on the mines towards risk and safety. (
  • People at risk for asbestos exposure also include a homeowner who is remodeling an older house that contains asbestos floor or ceiling tiles or an asbestos jacket around the water heater. (
  • Although the risk of mesothelioma is greater for people exposed to high levels of asbestos, there is no known safe level of exposure. (
  • By 2050, between 63 and 83 million people in the region will be at risk of not receiving an adequate pension, unless pension systems are reformed and efforts are made to increase formal sector employment, including by improving access to quality education. (
  • People all around the world still dream about coming to live in America. (
  • America is one of the few countries in the world where people go hunting on a full stomach. (
  • According to the company's own reports to the EPA, Koch Industries and its subsidiaries Invista, Flint Hills, and Georgia Pacific operate 57 dangerous chemical facilities in the United States that together put 4.4 million people at risk. (
  • Many of these facilities are located in densely populated areas with stockpiles of hazardous chemicals that threaten hundreds, thousands, or, in some cases, millions of people with unnecessary risks. (
  • According to a 2012 FBI report, the risk of a home robbery is one in 36, but people think they're more likely to be robbed than to become disabled. (
  • Consequently, people are often risk seeking in dealing with improbable gains and risk averse in dealing with unlikely losses. (
  • While EUT has dominated the analysis of decision-making under risk and has generally been accepted as a normative model of rational choice (telling us how we should make decisions), descriptive models of how people actually behave deviate significantly from this normative model. (
  • Participants for the current project will be recruited from an ongoing population-based cohort of Mexican American households initiated by the Department of Epidemiology at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (UTMDACC). (
  • Absolute risks were obtained by combining this information with data on invasive breast cancer incidence in African American women from the NCI's Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program and with national mortality data. (
  • Investigators from the Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have reported that African American women who consume more vegetables are less likely to develop estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer than women with low vegetable intake. (
  • ACG Clinical Guideline: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Patterns. (
  • Therefore, persons with chronic HBV infection need to be identified so that they can receive counseling and appropriate medical management to reduce their risk for chronic liver disease," they wrote. (
  • More studies are needed to evaluate how the accumulation of specific risk factors may be contributing to the increased risk of chronic liver disease in Mexican-Americans," Flores concluded. (
  • Among the three main types of participants in the federal student loan program-students, the federal government, and institutions of higher education-only schools currently share none of the risk associated with those debts. (
  • This is the main risk factor as prostate cancer seldom occurs in men younger than 45. (
  • The University of Pretoria s Head of the Department of Mining Engineering, Dr Ronny Webber-Youngman said: The main objective is that all mining companies internationally will eventually be in a position where the risk management process, incorporating principles and practices, are uniform and transferable from one company to another. (
  • Combining the results of the three investigations, the authors found a significant main effect of acetaminophen on risk-taking. (
  • In contrast, my preliminary risk analysis of nuclear deterrence indicates that risk to be at least a factor 100 and possibly a factor of 1,000 times higher. (
  • As the formula indicates, the higher the assessed probability of occurrence and severity of consequences, the greater the risk rating will be. (
  • Cite this: African American Women at Higher Risk of Revascularization, MI After PCI - Medscape - Apr 29, 2019. (
  • Asian-American women born in the West had a breast cancer risk 60% higher than Asian-American women born in the East. (
  • Asian-American women with three or four grandparents born in the West had a risk 50% higher than those with all grandparents born in the East. (
  • Migrants from urban areas had a risk 30% higher than migrants from rural areas. (
  • Migrants who had lived in the West for a decade or longer had a risk 80% higher than more recent migrants. (
  • The CARE model usually gave higher risk estimates for African American women than the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool and is recommended for counseling African American women regarding their risk of breast cancer. (
  • Men at higher risk of prostate cancer either African-Americans or men with a family history should begin screening earlier. (
  • Age - Patients older than 40 years are at higher risk, and that risk doubles with each subsequent decade. (
  • Previous research has shown that Native Americans have a higher rate of stroke than other racial groups in the United States. (
  • Colorectal cancer rates are higher for Black Americans and rising among younger age groups. (
  • According to data reported today at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) 32nd Annual Scientific Sessions, no single factor explains why African Americans were at higher risk after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but the hazard was clear. (
  • MINNEAPOLIS - Even though young African-Americans are at three times greater risk of a first stroke than their white counterparts, they may not be at a higher risk for a second stroke, according to a study published in the January 20, 2016, online issue of Neurology ®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (
  • Finally, since higher androgenicity is linked with cardiovascular risk in women, to determine if the risk factors associated with hyperinsulinemia are modulated by sex hormones. (
  • For those aged 60-69 years who have a 10 percent or higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease, the decision should be an individual one, say the USPSTF guidelines. (
  • Investigators found support for one of their hypotheses -- that women with more education were significantly more likely to perceive a higher risk of breast cancer recurrence. (
  • We can enhance genetic counseling if we develop a better understanding of why women believe they may be at higher or lower risk," she said. (
  • Women with the faulty genes have a dramatically higher cancer risk than other women - five times greater for breast cancer and at least 10 times greater for ovarian cancer. (
  • Risk aversion is a preference for a sure outcome over a gamble with higher or equal expected value. (
  • This content was developed in partnership with the CHEST Foundation, the philanthropic arm of the American College of Chest Physicians. (
  • The gene doesn't make someone a pot smoker, but it can increase the risk of addiction for those who try cannabis, says Ditte Demontis, an associate professor at Aarhus University in Denmark, who led the work. (
  • Gelernter says previous data shows that schizophrenia can increase the risk of cannabis use disorder and vice versa-suggesting that some genes may play a role in both. (
  • Excess weight and weight gain increase the risk of at least 12 forms of cancer. (
  • Several things can increase your risk of a heart attack. (
  • In patients with cancer, chemotherapy and surgery for cancer further increase the risk. (
  • It was alarming to find a significant increase in modifiable risk factors, like smoking and high blood pressure," said study author Dr. Dinesh Jillella. (
  • If you are related to someone who has kidney disease, you are at greater risk, because there are certain genes that can increase your chances of getting kidney disease. (
  • Race did not appear to increase second stroke risk for African-American participants at any age. (
  • According to the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America, recent years have seen a steady increase in reported cases of IBD in African-Americans. (
  • Recurring blood clots may increase the risk of developing CTEPH. (
  • Some medical conditions such blood disorders, inflammatory diseases or a history of cancer can also increase the risk of developing CTEPH. (
  • Why might acetaminophen increase risk-taking? (
  • The American Risk and Insurance Association (ARIA) is a professional organization whose focus is the study and promotion of knowledge of risk management and insurance. (
  • It was formed in 1932 and publishes two journals: Journal of Risk and Insurance and Risk Management and Insurance Review. (
  • Association of Insurance and Risk Managers in Industry and Commerce Professional Risk Managers' International Association Risk and Insurance Management Society Global Association of Risk Professionals "ARIA 2013 Annual Meeting Program" (PDF). (
  • The typical American Express TRS Risk Management Manager salary is $109,417. (
  • Risk Management Manager salaries at American Express TRS can range from $105,290 - $114,092. (
  • See all Risk Management Manager salaries to learn how this stacks up in the market. (
  • See all Risk Management Manager Salaries. (
  • Check out the latest Risk Management Manager Jobs or see Risk Management Manager Salaries at other companies. (
  • Establish and maintain an environment in which risk assessment and management practices are implemented. (
  • Establish and maintain proactive risk management practices that address safety within the camp experience and environment for staff and participants. (
  • Explores the distinct product characteristics and risk factors that affect performance and prudent credit risk management processes and practices. (
  • Risk management and control professionals in first, second or third line functions with primary responsibilities including monitoring and risk reporting of loan portfolios, underwriting, stress testing, audit or governance across credit risk or financial risk categories. (
  • Directors, members of senior management, State/Federal bank examiners, external risk consultants or auditors. (
  • A loss control and risk management program seeks to reduce potential losses that could occur at your place of business. (
  • Loss control is having effective safety and risk management program in place in order to protect your employees, assets and keep your business goals on track. (
  • Through our loss control resources, American Family Insurance helps our policyholders reduce claims and losses by providing informative instructive safety and risk management information. (
  • We have previously discussed basic FX hedging using currency forwards and vanilla forex options, and we have also looked at how exotic FX options can help businesses control the cost of foreign exchange risk management. (
  • In this piece, we discuss how exotic forex options can help to provide longer-term "structured" protection as part of a sophisticated foreign exchange risk management strategy. (
  • 1.4 Risk Management: A Motivation for Risk Analysis. (
  • Respondents to Accenture's 2015 Global Risk Management study representing North American banks are seeing a number of risk management trends that are shaping the industry. (
  • Recommendations from the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology 2019 guidelines for the management of abnormal cervical cancer screening tests and cancer precursors are based on risk, not results. (
  • From webinars and certificates to online courses, find training opportunities covering the latest risk management topics that fit your needs. (
  • Nonprofit leaders tend to assume that if they have insurance and perform financial audits, they are covered from a risk management perspective. (
  • Effective risk management requires committing to a regular process of looking for threats and opportunities in every part of the organization-operations, IT, talent management, reputation management and others-then prioritizing and addressing those issues and improving routines over time. (
  • In this lively and engaging webinar, Ted Bilich, founder and CEO of Risk Alternatives LLC, and Linda Levin, N4A board member and CEO of ElderSource in Jacksonville, Fla., will explain how to begin using risk-management tools to gain greater clarity, resilience and sustainability in any organization. (
  • Any organization not doing risk management is in peril. (
  • Learn practical tools and how to begin implementing risk management practices (or improving current risk management programs). (
  • Anglo American is therefore making its awardwinning Safety Risk Management Programme (SRMP) available across the mining industry to help drive a systemic improvement in safety and risk management. (
  • Cynthia Carroll, Chief Executive of Anglo American, said: We have set an industry standard for risk management with SRMP. (
  • In South Africa, for example, Professor May Hermanus of the Centre for Sustainability in Mining and Industry at the University of the Witwatersrand said: Translating risk management into a serviceable strategy in the workplace and in the boardroom is a difficult challenge. (
  • Extending this to a global network of universities will see the course used as a vehicle for effecting radical and fundamental improvements in safety and risk management, creating a new paradigm in mine safety. (
  • Risk management is central to the development of any medical device or combination product. (
  • Shortly after the policy was issued, the Bank sought coverage and a defense against allegations made by American Special Risk Management Corporation (American). (
  • American alleged that the Bank was guilty of negligence and conversion by failing to exercise ordinary care when it allowed an American employee, William Cahow, to open a business (a doing business as [d/b/a] or a sole proprietorship) account in the name of "Bill Cahow d/b/a American Special Risk Management" and when it honored improperly endorsed checks that were owned by American and presented by Cahow. (
  • A $1.36 billion catastrophe bond illustrates a growing effort to explore new options for disaster risk management. (
  • Clinicians should address modifiable risk factors such as tobacco use, and provide counseling to patients about colposcopy based on their individual risks. (
  • Clinicians should aggressively target modifiable stroke risk factors in the Native American population," Jillella said in a news release from the American Stroke Association. (
  • Black Americans are about 20% more likely to get colorectal cancer than most other groups. (
  • In the clinical setting, the presence of a tattoo noted during clinical examination of an adolescent should prompt in-depth assessment for a variety of high-risk behaviors. (
  • It also tends to be more severe in African Americans, and some medications are less effective in treating HBP in blacks. (
  • The study also extends the literature by showing that alcohol use and intoxication prior to suicide is particularly prevalent among American Indian/Alaskan Native (AI/AN) populations and, to some extent, Latinos, compared to Whites, but less prevalent among Blacks and Asians. (
  • The police brutality of Blacks in America today is the natural progression and extension of the government hypocrisy that brought about and protected slavery. (
  • MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Mexican-Americans have more risk factors for liver cancer than residents of Mexico do, a new study finds. (
  • THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Stroke risk factors are on the rise among Native Americans, a new study reveals. (
  • Using a larger database will help to find many more risk genes as well as perhaps genes connected to some populations but not others, she says. (
  • Because heterogeneity in breast cancer risk in these ethnic populations is similar to that in international comparisons and because analytic epidemiologic studies offer the opportunity to disentangle correlated exposures, this study should provide new insights into the etiology of breast cancer. (
  • If the genetic risk factors are different between African-American men and Caucasian men, we need to know that in order to develop genetic tests appropriate for different populations, says Cooney, interim chief of hematology/oncology and co-director of the urologic oncology program at the U-M Comprehensive Cancer Center. (
  • Chronic pain is a known risk factor for frailty among older adults, but research is lacking on the relationship between pain and frailty in older Hispanic American populations, the nation's fastest growing segment of older adults. (
  • Study data was sourced from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly (H-EPESE), an ongoing longitudinal study of 3,050 Mexican Americans ages 65 years and older and residing in five Southwestern states. (
  • We know that quitting smoking is one way to lower the risk for stroke, which is particularly important for the most vulnerable populations during this pandemic. (
  • It's important to communicate this risk to vulnerable populations, especially with the growing popularity of new tobacco products. (
  • Godfrey Gomwe, Executive Director of Anglo American South Africa, said: Our Tripartite partners, the Unions and the Government, have been active participants and supporters of the SRMP. (
  • We analyzed baseline data from an HIV intervention trial, including sexual risk (older sex partners, number of vaginal sex partners, sex while high on drugs/alcohol, STI diagnosis) and smoking status among 715 participants. (
  • After about 45 minutes (sufficient time for drug uptake), participants completed a questionnaire that measured their risk/benefit perceptions. (
  • Participants then completed the Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART) . (
  • With each pump, there is a risk of the balloon exploding and the participants losing all they have earned on that trial. (
  • The results from the first two experiments showed participants who took acetaminophen, compared to the placebo, took significantly more risks on BART. (
  • Top customers might receive the best offers and service and those that pose a default risk can be dealt with quickly. (
  • Through enormous campaign contributions, an army of lobbyists, and funding of think tanks and front groups, David and Charles Koch push their agenda of a world in which their company can operate without regard for the risks they pose to communities, workers, and the environment. (
  • As Congress debates how to protect Americans from dangerous chemical facilities, Koch is once again opposing disaster prevention legislation, despite the enormous risk its facilities pose to communities, workers, and the environment. (
  • The investigators reported that high intake of cruciferous vegetables in particular may be associated with reduced risk of breast cancer overall. (
  • NEW YORK, May 11 - Asian immigrants in the United States are at a dramatically increased risk for hepatitis B-related liver disease and should be targeted by educational and screening programs, investigators here have found. (
  • In the study, the investigators used data from 700 hospitals nationwide to identify more than 4,700 Native Americans who had an ischemic (clot-caused) stroke between 2000 and 2016. (
  • In addition, the investigators are also examining the rates of stroke risk factors among Native Americans who suffer a bleeding (hemorrhagic) stroke. (
  • Changes in cervical cancer screening and guidelines, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination recommendations, and colposcopy standards from the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP) have implications for all primary care clinicians, not only those who perform colposcopies. (
  • Primary care clinicians should recognize the degrees of risk of high-grade CIN and cancer conferred by cytology, HPV subtype, and persistence of HPV infection. (
  • Clinicians should conduct shared decision-making about immediate loop electrosurgical excision procedure vs. colposcopy with multiple biopsies and endocervical sampling for patients with the highest risk of cervical cancer, and for patients who are older than 25 years with at least two of the following: HPV-16, HPV-18, and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion cytology. (
  • Primary care clinicians should be familiar with the 2019 ASCCP guidelines and develop clinic-based systems to ensure appropriate follow-up of abnormal cytology, positive high-risk HPV testing, diagnosed CIN, and cervical cancer. (
  • Clinicians working with heavier drinkers, especially those who are depressed, should be very aware of the increased risk that these clients have. (
  • Edenberg says he expects that some genes will be found to contribute to the risk of several forms of abuse while others are unique to specific conditions like alcoholism or cannabis use disorder. (
  • Different genes may be involved in prostate cancer in African-American men than in Caucasian men. (
  • We hope to be able to find a gene or genes associated with risk for prostate cancer. (
  • This information might result in more intense screening for men carrying the risk genes, Cooney says. (
  • women with these genes are at greater risk for developing breast cancer than women without alterations in those genes. (
  • This means that being obese puts you at greater risk for kidney disease too. (
  • But Ed Yingling, the president and chief executive of the American Bankers Association, said the Fed should give up regulation of holding companies of smaller institutions. (
  • The American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology 2017 consensus recommendations for colposcopy practice incorporate a patient's risk factors for high-grade CIN 2 or worse into decision-making about tissue sampling. (
  • Following our acquisition of Reynolds American Inc. in 2017, we are now one of the world's leading vapour companies. (
  • African-American women at risk for cardiovascular disease face unique factors that cause them to report more loneliness than non-Hispanic white women, suggests a small study presented at the Nursing Symposium taking place during the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2017. (
  • It's largely a reflection of differences in risk factors and healthcare access , both of which are related to socioeconomic status, according to the American Cancer Society. (
  • Explain to Asian-American patients born outside the United States that they may be at increased risk for chronic hepatitis-B infection and subsequent liver disease. (
  • In a comment, the editors of MMWR pointed to similar high rates of HBV infection among Asian-American immigrants in other U.S. cities. (
  • As a result, more than 1,800 veterans were exposed to the risk of infection with HIV and hepatitis viruses. (
  • Because risk identification and rating establish priorities, this assessment should be incorporated early in the experimental process. (
  • They are comprehensive assessment tools and provide greater differentiation of risks based on actual laboratory operations. (
  • The Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) is widely used for counseling and determining eligibility for breast cancer prevention trials, although its validity for projecting risk in African American women is uncertain. (
  • We developed a model for projecting absolute risk of invasive breast cancer in African American women and compared its projections with those from the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool. (
  • Relative risks for family history and number of biopsies and attributable risks estimated from the CARE population were lower than those from the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool, as was the discriminatory accuracy (i.e., concordance). (
  • Using eligibility screening data from the STAR trial, we estimated that 30.3% of African American women would have had 5-year invasive breast cancer risks of at least 1.66% by use of the CARE model, compared with only 14.5% by use of the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool. (
  • The book is a detailed risk assessment and biological synopsis of the bigheaded carps of the genus Hypophthalmichthys, which includes the bighead, silver, and largescale silver carps. (
  • Candace C. Johnson, Karen M. Sheffield, and Roy E. Brown, "Mind-Body Therapies for African-American Women at Risk for Cardiometabolic Disease: A Systematic Review," Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , vol. 2018, Article ID 5123217, 11 pages, 2018. (
  • Physicians in rural communities across America are facing the same tough choices as Dr. Arthur. (
  • This handout is provided to you by your family doctor and the American Academy of Family Physicians. (
  • Because there are fewer African American physicians, the care of black patients resides almost entriely in the hands of white doctors. (
  • Ethnic-specific incidence rates of breast cancer in the migrating generation were clearly elevated above those in the countries of origin, while rates in Asian-Americans born in the West approximated the U.S. White rate. (
  • African-American men have the highest incidence of prostate cancer in the world. (
  • 5 Because older patients are less likely to clear high-risk HPV infections, 5 this could decrease cervical cancer incidence. (
  • Women were more at risk than men, and while mammograms accounted for some of that, they did not account for all, Fazel said. (
  • One in 12 beauty and personal care products marketed to African-American women in the US contains highly hazardous ingredients, according to research released Tuesday by the Environmental Working Group , a nonprofit environmental organization in the US specializing in research and advocacy. (
  • We saw there was a deficit associated with African-American women," Leiba said, adding that as consumers, this demographic makes up a significant proportion of consumers of personal care products. (
  • Since data began to emerge on the risks associated with hair relaxers, many women have veered away from them. (
  • We need to take care of their risk factors, we need to take care of these women. (
  • However, African American women had more than triple the risk of MI compared to whites (hazard ratio 3.45) and their risk of target vessel revascularization was nearly doubled (HR 1.82). (
  • Yes, women are underrepresented, but African American and Hispanic women are really, really underrepresented, and we know nothing about them. (
  • When Chinese, Japanese, or Filipino women migrate to the United States, breast cancer risk rises over several generations and approaches that among U.S. Whites. (
  • Our objective was to quantify breast cancer risks associated with the various migration patterns of Asian-American women. (
  • Among the Asian-American women born in the East, breast cancer risk was determined by whether their communities prior to migration were rural or urban and by the number of years subsequently lived in the West. (
  • Risk was unrelated to age at migration for women migrating at ages less than 36 years. (
  • Projecting individualized absolute invasive breast cancer risk in African American women. (
  • Data from 1607 African American women with invasive breast cancer and 1647 African American control subjects in the Women's Contraceptive and Reproductive Experiences (CARE) Study were used to compute relative and attributable risks that were based on age at menarche, number of affected mother or sisters, and number of previous benign biopsy examinations. (
  • Tables and graphs for estimating relative risks and projecting absolute invasive breast cancer risk with confidence intervals were developed for African American women. (
  • African American women are more likely than white women to be diagnosed with estrogen receptor-negative tumors, which have a poorer prognosis than estrogen receptor-positive tumors. (
  • Long-term follow-up in a Swedish study of women older than 30 years uncovered no patients with CIN 2 or worse who cleared their high-risk HPV infections and a 100% progression to CIN 2 or worse over 13 years when high-risk HPV persisted. (
  • Women who are pregnant, or have just had a baby are at greater risk of developing a blood clot. (
  • And African American women are nearly 20 times more likely to acquire the deadly virus than white women. (
  • Among African American women, however, some 80% are infected through heterosexual contact. (
  • African-American women at risk for cardiovascular disease have unique predictors of loneliness - financial stress and subjective social status - as compared to non-Hispanic white women. (
  • Although African-American women are at greater risk than non-Hispanic white women for cardiovascular disease, the influence of social disadvantages on loneliness in African-American women at risk for cardiovascular disease have not been examined. (
  • African-American women at risk for cardiovascular disease have unique predictors of loneliness - financial stress and subjective social status - as compared to non-Hispanic white women," said Karen Saban, R.N., Ph.D., lead author and associate professor and associate dean for research at Loyola University Chicago Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing in Maywood, Illinois. (
  • Some 32% were women and 46% were African American. (
  • Also, to determine if the hyperinsulinemia per se contributes to excess risk for cardiovascular disease in African American women. (
  • Results of these studies should help to determine if insulin and androgens define risk for cardiovascular disease in African American women. (
  • These data can lead to new insights to the excess prevalence of EH and NIDDM in African American women, and to the development of strategies for prevention. (
  • The study was designed to test the overall hypothesis that cosegregation of hyperinsulinemia and androgenicity correlated with greater cardiovascular risk in African American women. (
  • The study was conducted on a population of young adult African American men and women that had been studied longitudinally. (
  • Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States, where over 610,000 Americans die from heart disease each year - that is 1 in every 4 deaths. (
  • Having a personal and family history of breast cancer are known risk factors for breast cancer, and it is surprising and worrisome that most of these women with such a history don't recognize that risk," said the study's lead author, Chanita Hughes Halbert, Ph.D., assistant professor of psychiatry and Director of the Community and Minority Cancer Control Program at the University of Pennsylvania's Abramson Cancer Center. (
  • In an earlier study, Halbert found that African American women with a family history of breast cancer had a lower risk perception than did Caucasian breast cancer survivors. (
  • We thought, based on earlier work, that African American women who were most concerned about things that might happen in the future would have a heightened perception of risk. (
  • Women who thought more about the past were about three times more likely to report that they had a high risk of developing breast cancer again. (
  • Because past experiences with disease may still be salient to women who think about the past a lot, these women may be likely to believe that they have a high risk of developing breast cancer again," she said. (
  • Surgery to remove healthy ovaries gives a triple benefit to high-risk women: It lowers their threat of breast and ovarian cancer, and boosts their chances of living longer, new research suggests. (
  • The study, appearing in Wednesday's Journal of the American Medical Association, found benefits for women with two different BRCA gene variants whether they had previously had breast cancer or not. (
  • For ovarian cancer, the lifetime risk in the general population is a little more than 1 in 100 compared to 15-to-40 in 100 women with BRCA mutations. (
  • But several signs point to "the beginning of a new era" for high-risk women, said Joanna Rudnick, a 36-year-old Los Angeles filmmaker. (
  • For high-risk women, equally important are the breakthroughs in cosmetic breast reconstruction, laws to prevent genetic discrimination and evolving attitudes toward removing body parts to avoid cancer, Rudnick said. (
  • The study included 4,410 black men and women without a history of stroke and who were enrolled in the Jackson Heart Study, the largest study of cardiovascular disease in African Americans. (
  • We sought to determine the prevalence and sociodemographic characteristics of tattooed adolescents in a nationally representative sample and to evaluate the association between tattooing and several high-risk behaviors. (
  • The association among permanent tattoos, sociodemographic factors, and high-risk behaviors was evaluated using bivariate and logistic regression analyses using SUDAAN. (
  • Permanent tattoos are strongly associated with high-risk behaviors among adolescents. (
  • Many prostate cancer research programs include too few African Americans, yet African-American men have such a tremendously high risk of the disease, we felt it important to reach out to this community, says Kathleen Cooney, M.D., professor of internal medicine and urology at the University of Michigan Medical School. (
  • As of July 2011, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has identified 4,069 "high risk" domestic chemical facilities. (
  • The included trials were small, short term, and at high risk of bias. (
  • A sixfold gradient in breast cancer risk by migration patterns was observed. (
  • Exposure to Western lifestyles had a substantial impact on breast cancer risk in Asian migrants to the United States during their lifetime. (
  • A unique survey of African American breast cancer survivors at heightened risk for hereditary breast cancer has found the majority do not believe they have an increased chance of developing the cancer again. (
  • The study also found preventive mastectomy lowered the risk of breast cancer. (
  • Rudnick's glad to hear ovary removal may reduce her risk of breast cancer as well as ovarian cancer. (
  • From basic information about cancer and its causes to in-depth information on specific cancer types - including risk factors, early detection, diagnosis, and treatment options - you'll find it here. (
  • You can help reduce your risk of cancer by making healthy choices like eating right, staying active and not smoking. (
  • The American Cancer Society couldn't do what we do without the support of our partners. (
  • At the American Cancer Society, we're on a mission to free the world from cancer. (
  • This infographic highlights current research that shows the significant cancer risk of excess body weight, poor nutrition and physical inactivity. (
  • It also highlights ways to reduce that risk by following American Cancer Society guidelines for achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. (
  • And, while these molecules can cause cancer, the relative risk that we expose ourselves to by eating them is relatively small. (
  • Ingredients have been tied to hazards including risk of cancer, hormone disruption, developmental and reproductive damage, and allergies. (
  • Members of households with at least three adults 18 to 70 years of age who are part of the existing Mexican-American households recruited by the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center may be eligible for this study. (
  • When you include the American Institute for Cancer Research in your estate plans, you make a major difference in the fight against cancer. (
  • The Continuous Update Project (CUP) is an ongoing program that analyzes global research on how diet, nutrition and physical activity affect cancer risk and survival. (
  • Limiting alcohol reduces the risk of several types of cancer. (
  • There is a consistent link with increased cancer risk and alcohol, regardless of whether it's beer, wine, or distilled liquor. (
  • After a systematic review of the global scientific literature, AICR/WCRF analyzed how alcohol affects the risk of developing cancer. (
  • Evidence categorized as "convincing" is the strongest, and means that research shows a causal relationship to cancer - either decreasing or increasing risk - that is considered unlikely to change with additional studies. (
  • Carrots are rich sources of carotenoids, which may reduce cancer risk through their antioxidant properties. (
  • Prostate cancer tends to be more aggressive in African Americans compared to Caucasians. (
  • African-American men are more likely to die from prostate cancer than their Caucasian counterparts. (
  • African-American men are 1.6 times more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer than Caucasian men. (
  • Prostate cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer deaths in American men, with about 27,050 men expected to die from the disease this year. (
  • African-Americans are 2.4 times more likely to die from prostate cancer. (
  • If your father or brother had prostate cancer, you re at an increased risk. (
  • The American Cancer Society recommends a PSA test and digital rectal exam every year beginning at age 50. (
  • If you re an African-American man and you have at least one brother affected with prostate cancer, you have a greater chance of being diagnosed with the disease compared to the general population. (
  • For more information on the latest research on diet, physical activity and weight on cancer risk visit the Continuous Update Project . (
  • Visit the National Cancer Institute for more information on screening and other factors that play a role in reducing cancer risk. (
  • The American Institute for Cancer Research helps the public understand the relationship between lifestyle, nutrition and cancer risk. (
  • We wanted to compare the prevalence of risk factors in these two groups," she explained in a news release from the American Association for Cancer Research. (
  • Doctors need to be aware of the numerous liver cancer risk factors among patients of Mexican descent, according to Flores. (
  • The study was to be presented Monday at the American Association for Cancer Research annual meeting, in Atlanta. (
  • The American Cancer Society has more on liver cancer . (
  • The practice of colposcopy, a diagnostic procedure to evaluate for vaginal, vulvar, and cervical dysplasia, has evolved to incorporate patient risk factors for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cancer. (
  • Family cancer syndromes are often linked to increased risks of more than one kind of cancer. (
  • American Cancer Society medical information is copyrighted material. (
  • Movie star Boseman's death begs the question: why are Black Americans more likely than others to die of cancer? (
  • But incidences are rising among younger age groups , increasing since the mid-1980s in adults aged 20-39, and since the mid-1990s in those aged 40-54, according to the American Cancer Society. (
  • In fact, Black Americans are disproportionately affected by cancer full stop. (
  • For one cancer epidemiologist at the American Cancer Society, Rebecca Siegel, it's the big difference in mortality this situation creates that's most striking. (
  • They're risking it-betting that they've got enough savings, enough of a back-up plan, or enough luck to get them through a twisted knee, a cancer, or a car wreck. (
  • The findings suggest that during genetic counseling, more focus should be placed on providing cancer risk information and in understanding the basis of risk perceptions, especially how they may be related to past experiences with disease, Halbert said. (
  • The information from the study will be used to design risk communication approaches for Mexican-American households. (
  • The current project aims to understand the mechanisms underlying communications about familial risk for common, complex diseases and the development of strategies by Mexican American families to address this risk. (
  • At least three adults, two of which are biological relatives, living within the same residence from 160 multigenerational Mexican American households will participate in this study. (
  • SUBJECTS: Mexican American children, ages 5-11 (kindergarten (K)-5th grade) were studied in cross-sectional (girls=463, boys=448) and retrospective (girls=124, boys=92) samples. (
  • Isn't it time we started paying more attention to those risks, and taking steps to reduce them? (
  • Applying appropriate control measures to your highest risks should reduce the probability of occurrence and severity of consequences. (
  • But in the second investigation, using DOSPERT, acetaminophen did reduce the perceptions of risk, and this mediated increased risk-taking observed on BART. (
  • The findings from the Jackson Heart Study suggests that even after years of smoking, African Americans--who as a group are twice as likely as whites to have a stroke and die from it--could significantly reduce their risk if they kicked the habit. (
  • The American Camp Association is a community of camp professionals who, for over 100 years, have joined together to share our knowledge and experience and to ensure the quality of camp programs. (
  • The report is scheduled for presentation Feb. 7 at the American Stroke Association annual meeting in Honolulu. (
  • is a service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. (
  • The American Academy of Neurology, an association of 30,000 neurologists and neuroscience professionals, is dedicated to promoting the highest quality patient-centered neurologic care. (
  • Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. (
  • Nancy Brown, CEO of the American Heart Association. (
  • This association was similar across sex and age groups and persisted in subgroups of children with various risk profiles defined by factors such as pregnancy complications, birth weight, gestational age, and gestational weight gain," authors wrote in the report. (
  • Matthew Hartings, assistant professor of chemistry, is an expert in communicating chemistry for public engagement and is an official American Chemical Society expert. (
  • These associations indicate that heavier drinkers are more at risk and should be targeted for prevention efforts," said Caetano. (
  • For example, updated guidelines from the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), a government-backed panel of experts, recommend daily low-dose aspirin for the prevention of a first heart attack (so-called primary prevention) among at-risk older Americans who meet certain criteria. (
  • The FDA say there are certain primary prevention situations where the risk of bleeding in the stomach and brain from use of aspirin outweighs the benefits. (
  • However, this is not their view for preventing a second heart attack or stroke, where they note "patients who have had such cardiovascular events, the known benefits of aspirin for secondary prevention outweigh the risk of bleeding. (
  • Drs. Ernst and Resch [1] present a comprehensive review of the role of fibrinogen as a cardiovascular risk factor. (
  • The primary goal of the study was to determine whether African-Americans share the same 163 separate genetic variations established in white Americans as IBD genetic risk factors. (
  • The report required that the expected number of deaths due to an accidental nuclear detonation should be no greater than the number of American deaths each year due to natural disasters, such as hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. (
  • Today, the risk of losing our leadership position is even greater. (
  • A number of factors and variables can put you at a greater risk for developing high blood pressure (HBP or hypertension). (
  • Findings show that American Indians are at much greater risk than other ethnic groups. (
  • A study of the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of suicide involving acute alcohol intoxication among U.S. ethnic minorities has found that American Indians are at much greater risk than other groups. (
  • This also puts them at greater risk for kidney disease. (
  • The study included 925 Asian-Americans living in New York who had never been screened previously for HBV. (
  • According to a recent study, some 67% of African Americans infected with HIV are unaware of their HIV status, compared with 48% of Hispanics and 18% of whites. (
  • This study examines intrasibling correlations at 2 points during childhood for African American siblings with the same father, different fathers, a father present in the home, and no father present in the home. (
  • The study is one of the first of its kind to look at race and second stroke risk. (
  • The interaction between black race and age appears to be remarkably different for the risk of first versus second stroke," said study author George Howard, DrPH, with the University of Alabama at Birmingham. (
  • The study, "Characterization of Genetic Loci That Affect Susceptibility to Inflammatory Bowel Diseases in African Americans," is an intensive evaluation of the genetics of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the African-American population. (
  • Clearly, there are differences with disease presentations with IBD in African-Americans," says Subra Kugathasan, M.D., of the Emory University School of Medicine and a senior author of the study. (
  • Older Mexican-Americans who struggle with pain are 1.7 times more likely to become frail, compared to those without pain, according to a new study at the University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston. (
  • As a participant, you will study the leading causes of incidents and conduct exercises in hazard and risk identification, analysis, and resolutions using the latest in program hazard analysis techniques. (
  • According to a 2015 study, Hispanic Americans spend 34 percent more on over-the-counter pain medicines per year than non-Hispanics. (
  • Only Study 3 did not find the same effects of acetaminophen on risk-taking, perhaps due to the novel BART software or the new drug preparation used. (
  • This new study did that and also analyzed traditional risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and inflammation. (
  • This study provides further strong evidence of the link between cigarette smoking and stroke in African Americans. (
  • Assessing risk of potential hazards helps to determine the proper mitigation strategy and priorities. (
  • This is done by analyzing potential hazards and risks in the workplace, implementing controls, practices, policies and training for employees on best safety practices. (
  • This workshop will teach best practices in identifying use errors and analysing risks stemming from use of medical products. (
  • At that rate, previous studies may not have had sufficient data to detect the excess risk. (
  • Thank you for your interest in spreading the word on American Academy of Pediatrics. (
  • Message Body (Your Name) thought you would like to see the American Academy of Pediatrics web site. (
  • The risk of a deadly epidemic of flu, measles or other outside disease is very real, and increases with every such contact," they said. (
  • Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors were assessed in 267 pairs of African American siblings (visit 1) and in 79 of these siblings approximately 28 months later (visit 2). (
  • They are also considered risk factors, because having either condition increases your risk of getting kidney disease. (
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been historically underdiagnosed in African-Americans and is increasing in frequency. (
  • Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are chronic autoimmune diseases that affect as many as 1.6 million Americans. (
  • Risk is the probability that a hazard will result in an adverse consequence. (
  • The numerical values from the severity of consequences will contribute to other types of risk rating tools, like the hazard risk rating with standard linear scaling. (
  • After you enter your information, it estimates your risk of having heart-related chest pain, having a heart attack, or dying within the next 10 years. (
  • Just complete the survey and click on "Calculate Risk" to see how likely you might be to break a bone in the next 10 years. (