American Heart Association: A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Cardiology: The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.United StatesSocieties, Medical: Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: The artificial substitution of heart and lung action as indicated for HEART ARREST resulting from electric shock, DROWNING, respiratory arrest, or other causes. The two major components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are artificial ventilation (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) and closed-chest CARDIAC MASSAGE.Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Heart Arrest: Cessation of heart beat or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. If it is treated within a few minutes, heart arrest can be reversed in most cases to normal cardiac rhythm and effective circulation.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Emergency Medical Services: Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.American Hospital Association: A professional society in the United States whose membership is composed of hospitals.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Advisory Committees: Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Heart Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Defibrillators: Cardiac electrical stimulators that apply brief high-voltage electroshocks to the HEART. These stimulators are used to restore normal rhythm and contractile function in hearts of patients who are experiencing VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION or ventricular tachycardia (TACHYCARDIA, VENTRICULAR) that is not accompanied by a palpable PULSE. Some defibrillators may also be used to correct certain noncritical dysrhythmias (called synchronized defibrillation or CARDIOVERSION), using relatively low-level discharges synchronized to the patient's ECG waveform. (UMDNS, 2003)Cardiac Imaging Techniques: Visualization of the heart structure and cardiac blood flow for diagnostic evaluation or to guide cardiac procedures via techniques including ENDOSCOPY (cardiac endoscopy, sometimes refered to as cardioscopy), RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; TOMOGRAPHY; or ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Ethics Committees: Committees established by professional societies, health facilities, or other institutions to consider decisions that have bioethical implications. The role of these committees may include consultation, education, mediation, and/or review of policies and practices. Committees that consider the ethical dimensions of patient care are ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL; committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects are ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Brain Ischemia: Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Committee Membership: The composition of a committee; the state or status of being a member of a committee.Voluntary Health Agencies: Non-profit organizations concerned with various aspects of health, e.g., education, promotion, treatment, services, etc.National Academy of Sciences (U.S.): A United States organization of distinguished scientists and engineers established for the purpose of investigating and reporting upon any subject of art or science as requested by any department of government. The National Research Council organized by NAS serves as the principal operating agency to stimulate and support research.Viridans Streptococci: A large heterogeneous group of mostly alpha-hemolytic streptococci. They colonize the respiratory tract at birth and generally have a low degree of pathogenicity. This group of species includes STREPTOCOCCUS MITIS; STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS; STREPTOCOCCUS ORALIS; STREPTOCOCCUS SANGUIS; STREPTOCOCCUS SOBRINUS; and the STREPTOCOCCUS MILLERI GROUP. The latter are often beta-hemolytic and commonly produce invasive pyogenic infections including brain and abdominal abscesses.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Cerebrovascular Disorders: A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.Endocarditis, Bacterial: Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Ethics Committees, Research: Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (ENDOCARDIUM), the continuous membrane lining the four chambers and HEART VALVES. It is often caused by microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and rickettsiae. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage heart valves and become life-threatening.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Professional Staff Committees: Committees of professional personnel who have responsibility for determining policies, procedures, and controls related to professional matters in health facilities.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Bariatrics: Activities related to WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with OBESITY. Treatment methods include DIET; EXERCISE; BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION; medications; and BARIATRIC SURGERY.Stroke Volume: The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Disease Management: A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)Ethics Committees, Clinical: Hospital or other institutional ethics committees established to consider the ethical dimensions of patient care. Distinguish from ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH, which are established to monitor the welfare of patients or healthy volunteers participating in research studies.Advanced Cardiac Life Support: The use of sophisticated methods and equipment to treat cardiopulmonary arrest. Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) includes the use of specialized equipment to maintain the airway, early defibrillation and pharmacological therapy.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary: Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Fibrinolytic Agents: Fibrinolysin or agents that convert plasminogen to FIBRINOLYSIN.Resuscitation: The restoration to life or consciousness of one apparently dead. (Dorland, 27th ed)Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.Anticoagulants: Agents that prevent clotting.Antibiotic Prophylaxis: Use of antibiotics before, during, or after a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure to prevent infectious complications.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Life Support Care: Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors: Drugs or agents which antagonize or impair any mechanism leading to blood platelet aggregation, whether during the phases of activation and shape change or following the dense-granule release reaction and stimulation of the prostaglandin-thromboxane system.Consensus: General agreement or collective opinion; the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.Metabolic Syndrome X: A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)Cardiac Catheterization: Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome: An acute, febrile, mucocutaneous condition accompanied by swelling of cervical lymph nodes in infants and young children. The principal symptoms are fever, congestion of the ocular conjunctivae, reddening of the lips and oral cavity, protuberance of tongue papillae, and edema or erythema of the extremities.Coronary Artery Disease: Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Electric Countershock: An electrical current applied to the HEART to terminate a disturbance of its rhythm, ARRHYTHMIAS, CARDIAC. (Stedman, 25th ed)European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Asian Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Heart Transplantation: The transference of a heart from one human or animal to another.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Ischemic Attack, Transient: Brief reversible episodes of focal, nonconvulsive ischemic dysfunction of the brain having a duration of less than 24 hours, and usually less than one hour, caused by transient thrombotic or embolic blood vessel occlusion or stenosis. Events may be classified by arterial distribution, temporal pattern, or etiology (e.g., embolic vs. thrombotic). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp814-6)Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Diet, Fat-Restricted: A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)Arrhythmias, Cardiac: Any disturbances of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified by the abnormalities in HEART RATE, disorders of electrical impulse generation, or impulse conduction.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Thrombolytic Therapy: Use of infusions of FIBRINOLYTIC AGENTS to destroy or dissolve thrombi in blood vessels or bypass grafts.Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Surgical Procedures, Operative: Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Endarterectomy, Carotid: The excision of the thickened, atheromatous tunica intima of a carotid artery.Acute Coronary Syndrome: An episode of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA that generally lasts longer than a transient anginal episode that ultimately may lead to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Adrenergic beta-Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Animal Care Committees: Institutional committees established to protect the welfare of animals used in research and education. The 1971 NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals introduced the policy that institutions using warm-blooded animals in projects supported by NIH grants either be accredited by a recognized professional laboratory animal accrediting body or establish its own committee to evaluate animal care; the Public Health Service adopted a policy in 1979 requiring such committees; and the 1985 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act mandate review and approval of federally funded research with animals by a formally designated Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC).Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Ethical Review: A formal process of examination of patient care or research proposals for conformity with ethical standards. The review is usually conducted by an organized clinical or research ethics committee (CLINICAL ETHICS COMMITTEES or RESEARCH ETHICS COMMITTEES), sometimes by a subset of such a committee, an ad hoc group, or an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS).Atrial Fibrillation: Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.Carotid Stenosis: Narrowing or stricture of any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES, most often due to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Ulcerations may form in atherosclerotic plaques and induce THROMBUS formation. Platelet or cholesterol emboli may arise from stenotic carotid lesions and induce a TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT; or temporary blindness (AMAUROSIS FUGAX). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp 822-3)Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee: An advisory group composed primarily of staff physicians and the pharmacist which serves as the communication link between the medical staff and the pharmacy department.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Coronary Artery Bypass: Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.Death, Sudden, Cardiac: Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)Myocardial Revascularization: The restoration of blood supply to the myocardium. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Primary Prevention: Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.Vital Statistics: Used for general articles concerning statistics of births, deaths, marriages, etc.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Mexican Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Hospital Mortality: A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Cholesterol, HDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.Cardiomyopathy, Dilated: A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease that is characterized by ventricular dilation, VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION, and HEART FAILURE. Risk factors include SMOKING; ALCOHOL DRINKING; HYPERTENSION; INFECTION; PREGNANCY; and mutations in the LMNA gene encoding LAMIN TYPE A, a NUCLEAR LAMINA protein.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Ventricular Dysfunction, Left: A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Carotid Artery Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Cholesterol, LDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.Coronary Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.Aspirin: The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)Antihypertensive Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular HYPERTENSION regardless of pharmacological mechanism. Among the antihypertensive agents are DIURETICS; (especially DIURETICS, THIAZIDE); ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS; ADRENERGIC ALPHA-ANTAGONISTS; ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS; CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS; GANGLIONIC BLOCKERS; and VASODILATOR AGENTS.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Cardiac Output, Low: A state of subnormal or depressed cardiac output at rest or during stress. It is a characteristic of CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, including congenital, valvular, rheumatic, hypertensive, coronary, and cardiomyopathic. The serious form of low cardiac output is characterized by marked reduction in STROKE VOLUME, and systemic vasoconstriction resulting in cold, pale, and sometimes cyanotic extremities.Inpatients: Persons admitted to health facilities which provide board and room, for the purpose of observation, care, diagnosis or treatment.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Hypercholesterolemia: A condition with abnormally high levels of CHOLESTEROL in the blood. It is defined as a cholesterol value exceeding the 95th percentile for the population.EuropeCardiac Pacing, Artificial: Regulation of the rate of contraction of the heart muscles by an artificial pacemaker.Atherosclerosis: A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.Blood Pressure Determination: Techniques for measuring blood pressure.Hemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Ventricular Function, Left: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Sports: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.Angina, Unstable: Precordial pain at rest, which may precede a MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Diabetes Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Emergencies: Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Heart Failure, Systolic: Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.Heart Function Tests: Examinations used to diagnose and treat heart conditions.Weight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.Heart Valve Prosthesis: A device that substitutes for a heart valve. It may be composed of biological material (BIOPROSTHESIS) and/or synthetic material.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Hemorrhage: Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.Heart Atria: The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Fetal Heart: The heart of the fetus of any viviparous animal. It refers to the heart in the postembryonic period and is differentiated from the embryonic heart (HEART/embryology) only on the basis of time.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics, Subcommittee (1. 1. 2013). "Heart disease and stroke ... statistics--2013 update: a report from the American Heart Association". Circulation. 127 (1): e6-e245. doi:10.1161/cir. ... World Health Organization in collaboration with the World Heart Federation and the World Stroke Organization. str. 3-18. ISBN ... World Health Organization in collaboration with the World Heart Federation and the World Stroke Organization. str. 48. ISBN ...
Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2009 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke ... Heart disease and stroke statistics-2012 update: a report from the American Heart Association. 125. American Heart Association ... Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2011 update: a report from the American Heart Association. 123. American Heart Association ... Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics 2010;121:e46-e215. American Heart Association. "Donald Lloyd-Jones". scholar.google.com. ...
"Heart disease and stroke statistics-2008 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke ... American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics, Subcommittee (1 January 2013). "Heart disease and stroke ... American Heart Association Clinical Pharmacology and Heart Failure and Transplantation Committees of the Council on Clinical ... A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee ...
"Heart disease and stroke statistics-2009 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke ... a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines: ... a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines ... hypertensive heart disease with heart failure (I11.0) and hypertensive heart disease without heart failure (I11.9) are ...
"Heart disease and stroke statistics-2007 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke ... American Heart Association:Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2007 Update. AHA, Dallas, Texas, 2007 Archived 1 July 2007 at ... a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on the ... a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines, and the American ...
March 2018). "Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2018 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association". Circulation. 137 ... In 2010, the American Heart Association and International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation updated their CPR guidelines.[5]: ... American Heart Association Archived 2012-02-17 at the Wayback Machine *^ American Heart Association, Ad Council launch Hands- ... "Highlights of the 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for CPR and ECC" (PDF). American Heart Association. Archived (PDF) ...
International Cardiovascular Disease Statistics, American Heart Association, 2007. Kaste, Markku. "Every Day is a World Stroke ... twitter.com/WStrokeCampaign/status/477438429626368 The World Stroke Campaign Committee consists of the following experts: Erin ... Mongolian Stroke Association, Mongolian Stroke Association. Indian Stroke Association Plans to Endorse 200 ISA Centres, Express ... In the US, The American Heart Association launched an iPhone app for stroke prevention. In Sri Lanka, a musical group FLAME ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics, Subcommittee (27 January 2015). "Heart disease and ... heart disease and stroke statistics-2012 update: a report from the American Heart Association". Circulation. 125 (1): 188-97. ... stroke statistics-2015 update: a report from the American Heart Association". Circulation. 131 (4): e29-322. doi:10.1161/cir. ... Open Directory Project American Heart Association's Heart Attack web site - Information and resources for preventing, ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics, Subcommittee (1 January 2013). "Heart disease and stroke ... Other CVDs include stroke, heart failure, hypertensive heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, heart arrhythmia ... of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force and the European Society of Cardiology Committee ... "Understand Your Risk of Heart Attack". American Heart Association.http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/ ...
February 2010). "Heart disease and stroke statistics--2010 update: a report from the American Heart Association". Circulation ... A scientific statement from the American Heart Association Professional Education Committee of the Council for High Blood ... American Society for Preventive Cardiology, American Society of Hypertension, American Society of Nephrology, Association of ... American Heart Association memperkirakan biaya kesehatan langsung dan tidak langsung dari tekanan darah tinggi sebesar $76,6 ...
February 2010). "Heart disease and stroke statistics--2010 update: a report from the American Heart Association". Circulation. ... A scientific statement from the American Heart Association Professional Education Committee of the Council for High Blood ... American Society for Preventive Cardiology, American Society of Hypertension, American Society of Nephrology, Association of ... Implications for Stroke Prevention" (PDF). Stroke. 5 (1), s. 76-77. doi:10.1161/01.STR.5.1.76. PMID 4811316.. ...
Heart disease and stroke statistics-2010 update: a report from the american heart association. Circulation 2010; 121:e46-e215. ... A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee to ... J. Medical Engineering and Informatics; 2013 Vol.5, No.1 American Heart Association American Heart Association. ... Exercise Standards for Testing and Training A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2013; 128 ...
The American Heart Association defined a daily sodium consumption limit should be 1500 milligrams (contained in less than 0.75 ... stroke, arterial stiffness and heart failure. In the majority of studies, reducing sodium intake lowers the risk of ... According to Statistics Canada, Canadians' potassium intake in all age groups are lower than recommended, while sodium intake ... "The 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee Scientific Report: Development and Major Conclusions". Adv Nutr. 7: 438-444. doi ...
A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association". Stroke. 45 (10): ... State of North Dakota. NHS Leeds West CCG Assurance Committee (2014-01-02). "Complementary and Alternative Therapies Evidence ... "Chiropractors". U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-05. "Canadian Chiropractic Association: Chiropractic ... "Code of Ethics". American Chiropractic Association. Staff. "ICA code of Ethics". International Chiropractor's Association. ...
A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association". Stroke. 45 (10): ... North Dakota Department of Human Services. State of North Dakota.. *^ NHS Leeds West CCG Assurance Committee (2014-01-02). " ... "U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-05.. *^ "Canadian Chiropractic Association: Chiropractic in Canada". ... "American Veterinary Medical Association. March 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.. *^ ACA House of Delegates (1994). "'Veterinary' ...
In this case, Nell supported an African-American group since he believed its cause was closer to the hearts of blacks than ... He also helped found the New England Freedom Association in the early 1840s, and later the Committee of Vigilance, to aid ... 1870-92) and Frank Ames (1872-81). Nell died of a stroke in 1874 at the age of 58. His wife survived him by more than twenty ... and Property Statistics. New York: Thomas Hamilton and Wm. H. Leonard. 1860. OCLC 191228058. Farewell to the Liberator. Boston ...
Most modern protocols, including those of the American Heart Association and the American Red Cross, recommend several stages, ... Committee on Injury, Violence (2010-03-01). "Prevention of Choking Among Children". Pediatrics. 125 (3): 601-607. doi:10.1542/ ... Research and Statistics Department. (2015 ed.). Itasca, IL. ISBN 9780879123345. OCLC 910514461. Ross, Darrell Lee; Chan, ... Conditions that can cause difficulty swallowing and/or impaired coughing include neurologic conditions such as strokes, ...
National Fire Protection Association. Fire Department Calls. Accessed February 14, 2011. National Volunteer Fire Council Heart- ... and the Section Chair sits on the NVFC Executive Committee. Statistics show that the volunteer fire service is an aging ... including heart attack and stroke. This is accomplished by promoting a healthier lifestyle and by providing firefighters with ... Corporate Members include companies and organizations that are dedicated to supporting America's volunteer emergency services. ...
3 March 2013) A portfolio of content dedicated to the Cardiovascular and Stroke Professional. American Heart Association. ... The Senate committee currently responsible for oversight of the USDA is the Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee. ... These statistics point to the complexities surrounding the lack of health/nutrition literacy and reveal the degree to which ... American Dietetic Association; Dietitians Of, Canada (2003). "Position of the American Dietetic Association and Dietitians of ...
National Heart, Lung, and Blood, Institute; American College of Cardiology, Foundation; American Heart, Association. 110 (2): ... The 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (2015). "Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee" ( ... "Total cholesterol as a risk factor for coronary heart disease and stroke in women compared with men: A systematic review and ... Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics. http://nccih.nih.gov/news/2004/052704.htm (343): 6-9. Retrieved 2010-11-04. ...
This was supported by the American Association for Cancer Research in 2005 though some scientists felt this goal was impossible ... Stroke accounted for 6.7 million annual deaths. There is evidence for progress in reducing cancer mortality. Age-specific ... Jemal, A; Siegel, R; Xu, J; Ward, E (2010-07-07). "Cancer Statistics, 2010". CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. CA Cancer J ... Despite these reductions, the report noted, cancer still accounts for more deaths than heart disease in persons younger than 85 ...
These exercise trends are contributing to the rising rates of chronic diseases including: obesity, heart disease, stroke and ... Active transport (walking, bicycling, etc.) has been found to be inversely related to obesity in Europe, North America, and ... Ottawa, Ontario: Statistics Canada. Levine JA, Lanningham-Foster LM, McCrady SK, Krizan AC, Olson LR, Kane PH, Jensen MD, Clark ... Studies in children and adults have found an association between the number of hours of television watched and the prevalence ...
American Psychiatric Association (September 2013), "Five Things Physicians and Patients Should Question", Choosing Wisely: an ... Qaseem, A; Kansagara, D; Forciea, MA; Cooke, M; Denberg, TD; Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of, ... Heart disease. Deviated nasal septum and nocturnal breathing disorders. Restless legs syndrome, which can cause sleep onset ... "Restless Legs Syndrome Fact Sheet , National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke". www.ninds.nih.gov. Archived from ...
... and Statistics Sections of the American Public Health Association, at the Seventy-eighth Annual Meeting in St. Louis, Mo., ... Exercise decreases risk of heart disease, and obesity increases it. 1970s Elevated blood pressure increases risk of stroke. In ... A committee gathered and considered that, after 20 years of research, the Framingham study should come to an end, since their ... American Heart Association considers certain genomic findings of the Framingham Heart Study one of the top research ...
"Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2017 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association". Circulation. 135 (10): e146- ... ECC Committee, Subcommittees and Task Forces of the American Heart Association (December 2005). "2005 American Heart ... ECC Committee, Subcommittees and Task Forces of the American Heart Association (December 2005). "2005 American Heart ... American Heart, Association (May 2006). "2005 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation ( ...
American Heart Association Nutrition Committee of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism, Council on ... Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, diabetic ketoacidosis, heart disease, strokes, diabetic retinopathy, kidney failure, ... A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association and the American Diabetes Association". Diabetes Care. 38 (9): 1777- ... A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association and the American Diabetes Association". Diabetes Care (Professional ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee; Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics-2016 ... American Heart Association Strategic Planning Task Force and Statistics Committee. Defining and setting national goals for ... American Heart Association Advocacy Coordinating Committee; Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; Council on the Kidney in ... Assessment of American Heart Associations ideal cardiovascular health metrics among employees of a large healthcare ...
Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2009 Update. A Report From the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke ... and for the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee ... Judith Wylie-Rosett and Yuling Hong for the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee ... Judith Wylie-Rosett and Yuling Hong for the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee ...
"American heart association statistics committee; Stroke statistics subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics-2016 ... Journal of the American Heart Association, vol. 3, no. 6, article e001249, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · ... a report from the American Heart Association," Circulation, vol. 133, no. 4, pp. e38-e60, 2016. View at Publisher · View at ... American Heart Journal, vol. 164, no. 5, pp. 706-714, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. 2014. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics−− ... the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association - all ... a report of the American College of Cardiology American/Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 129( ... American Heart Association. 2006. Dietary recommendations for children and adolescents: a guide for practitioners. Pediatrics. ...
... ischemic stroke), or when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures (hemorrhagic stroke), causing brain cells to die and leading to ... Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability both globally and in the U.S., where approximately 800,000 people experience ... A stroke occurs when the blood supply to brain tissue is blocked by a blood clot ( ... American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2017 ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics-2014 ... a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2014;129(3):e28-e292. ... American Diabetes Association. (8) Cardiovascular disease and risk management. Diabetes Care 2015; 38 Suppl:S49-57. ... The patch records the time of ingestion and personalized data such as heart rate, physical activity, and rest. This information ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. (2013) Heart disease and stroke statistics- ... 2013 update: A report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 127(1):e6-e245. ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee.. Circulation. 2014 Jan 21;129(3):e28-e292. ... American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee.. Circulation. 2014 Jan 21;129(3):399-410. ... Executive summary: heart disease and stroke statistics--2014 update: a report from the American Heart Association. ... Heart disease and stroke statistics--2014 update: a report from the American Heart Association. ...
Heart disease and stroke statistics-2006 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke ... a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on ... a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee to ... American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines ...
... of the nearly 800,000 strokes that occur annually in the United States. Risk factors for ischemic stroke include hypertension, ... Antiplatelet therapy is recommended to reduce the risk of recurrent ischemic stroke. The selection of antiplatelet therapy ... Aspirin is recommended as initial treatment to prevent recurrent ischemic stroke. Clopidogrel is recommended as an alternative ... Warfarin should not be used for prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke. ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee, Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics 2016 ... such as stroke (67 percent), heart attack (67 percent), and breast cancer (65 percent) than osteoporosis (56 percent),2 even ... though more women over the age of 55 are hospitalized every year in the U.S. for osteoporosis-related fractures than for heart ... attacks, breast cancer, or strokes.5-6 7 8. *Of postmenopausal women, 43 percent with osteoporosis and 44 percent without ...
Jensen and Mads Melbye Recurrence of Congenital Heart Defects in Families Print ISSN: 0009-7… ... for the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics ... a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation. 2007;115:e69 ... 2009 American Heart Association, Inc. All rights reserved. is published by the American Heart Association, 7272 Greenville ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. . Heart disease and stroke statistics-2009 ... a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation 2009;119:e21- ... Association and a scientific statement of the American College of Cardiology Foundation and the American Heart Association. ... American Diabetes Association. . Report of the expert committee on the diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. ...
Heart disease and stroke statistics-2008 update. A report from the American Heart Association statistics committee and stroke ... 2015). Heart disease and stroke statistics-2016 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. https://doi. ... The Medical Clinics of North America, 91, 537-552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 15(7), 1667-1687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. ... Heart disease and stroke statistics - 2014 update: a report from the American Heart Association. ... Genome-wide association study of cardiac structure and systolic function in African Americans: the Candidate Gene Association ... In the largest genome-wide association study of cardiac structure and function to date in African-Americans, researchers ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics-2014 ... 2017 American Heart Association, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized use prohibited. The American Heart Association is a ... The American College of Sports Medicine and American Heart Association recommend that older adults engage in at least 30 min/d ... With ischemic stroke, the associations were similar. Significant associations were not observed for hemorrhagic stroke, but ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics-2009 ... a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. ... Prediabetes, defined by the American Diabetes Association as impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance, is ... A randomized trial of an intervention to improve self-care behaviors of African-American women with type 2 diabetes: impact on ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. . Heart disease and stroke statistics-2011 ... the American Heart Association (10GRNT3650024), the Atlantic Philanthropies, the American Diabetes Association (1-09-IG-01), ... a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2011;123:e18-e209pmid:21160056. ... 2013 by the American Diabetes Association.. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee.. Circulation. 2014 Jan 21;129(3):e28-e292. ... American Heart Association Statistics Committee; Stroke Statistics Subcommittee.. Circulation. 2016 Jan 26;133(4):447-54. doi: ... American Heart Association Statistics Committee; Stroke Statistics Subcommittee.. Circulation. 2016 Jan 26;133(4):e38-360. doi ... American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee.. Circulation. 2014 Jan 21;129(3):399-410. ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee; Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics-2016 ... A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2016;133:38-360 ... EAT: epicardial adipose tissue; HFp-EF: heart failure preserved-ejection fraction; HFr-EF: heart failure reduced ejection ... Adiponectin and p53 mRNA in epicardial and subcutaneous fat from heart failure patients. Eur J Clin Invest. 2014;44:29-37 ...
American Heart Association Statistics Committee, Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics-2015 ... American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology® and the APS® logo are registered trademarks of the American ... a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 131: e29-322, 2015. ... American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology Published 1 September 2016 Vol. 311 no. 3, H592-H603 DOI: ...
On Behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart Disease and Stroke ... Statistics - 2015 Update: A Report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015;131(4):e29-e322.. 3 Rosenberg S, ... vessels to the heart that supply the heart with blood, oxygen, and nutrients), reducing blood flow to the heart muscle. This ... Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a very common heart condition in the United States. One in seven deaths among Americans is ...
... and mobility of these post-stroke patients. Future studies with more robust methodology will be needed to provide a more ... and functional mobility among stroke survivors. The sum PEDro score ranged from five to nine points (fair-to-good ... exercises on mood and functional capabilities in patients with stroke. Methods: A structured literature review was performed in ... The effects of stroke are both physical and mental in nature and may have serious implications on the overall well-being of ...
Congestive heart failure symptoms is a heart condition that causes symptoms of shortness of breath, weakness, fatigue, and ... What are the early signs of congestive heart failure? ... the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke ... "Heart disease and stroke statistics -- 2011 update: a report from the American Heart Association." Circulation 123.4 (2011): ... The New York Heart Association has developed a scale that commonly is used to determine the functional capabilities of heart ...
  • J Am Heart Assoc . 2018 Mar 26;7(7). (nih.gov)
  • LISLE, Ill., Sept. 14, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Endotronix, Inc. , a digital health, medtech company dedicated to advancing the treatment of heart failure, today announced the close of a Series D financing round totaling $45 million. (pharmiweb.com)
  • The effects of stroke are both physical and mental in nature and may have serious implications on the overall well-being of stroke survivors. (mdpi.com)
  • Based on the random effects model, we used the pooled effect size to determine the magnitude of rehabilitative effect of MB exercise intervention on depression, anxiety, activities of daily living, and functional mobility among stroke survivors. (mdpi.com)
  • Research suggests that only 12% of stroke survivors achieve complete motor recovery by 6 months after the stroke ( 8 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • 2 Moreover, 30%-50% of stroke survivors do not regain functional independence and 15%-30% of all stroke survivors are permanently disabled (ie, not able to walk, talk clearly, or feed themselves with a favored hand). (ajnr.org)
  • A stroke occurs when the blood supply to brain tissue is blocked by a blood clot (ischemic stroke), or when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures (hemorrhagic stroke), causing brain cells to die and leading to functional impairments. (nih.gov)
  • When administered quickly after stroke onset (within three hours, as approved by the FDA), tPA helps to restore blood flow to brain regions affected by a stroke, thereby limiting the risk of damage and functional impairment. (nih.gov)
  • The CHD birth prevalence is 5 to 10 per 1000 live births.1-7 CHDs are gross structural abnormalities of the heart or intrathoracic vessels that are actually or potentially of functional significance.8 In the online database Mendelian Inheritance in Man (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/omim/), Ͼ400 entries include CHDs. (slideshare.net)
  • The adequate expression of thermogenic genes has been shown as possible protective factors against heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, suggesting that a loss of functional epicardial adipose tissue brown-like features would participate in a deleterious manner on heart metabolism. (medsci.org)
  • C. Grefkes and N. S. Ward, "Cortical reorganization after stroke: how much and how functional? (hindawi.com)
  • 80 bpm belonging to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) III/IV functional classification. (dovepress.com)
  • We discovered that, when MANF was administered to the peri-infarct region 2 or 3 days after stroke, it promoted functional recovery of the animals without affecting the lesion volume. (sciencemag.org)
  • Advanced heart failure leads to significant limitations, affecting functional status, quality of life, and survival, despite optimal medical treatment with evidence-based therapies. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the physical activities of individuals post-stroke and their HRQL, as well as to determine whether their functional abilities contribute to their amounts of physical activity. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Importantly, one of the main challenges after stroke is the loss of one's functional motor abilities. (frontiersin.org)
  • 14 The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) rtPA Stroke Study Group conducted a randomized, double-blind trial evaluating the benefits of IV rtPA treatment (0.9 mg/kg) administered within 3 hours of ischemic stroke onset (n=624). (ahrq.gov)
  • In 1996, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved intravenous (IV) thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA, alteplase) for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke within 3 hours of onset after reviewing the results of the National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke (NINDS) and rtPA Stroke Study Group trial. (ajnr.org)
  • 2 Costs associated with acute stroke were estimated to approach $68.9 billion in 2009, with inpatient hospital costs accounting for 70 percent of the total cost in the first-year after stroke. (ahrq.gov)
  • In this article, we will review the various pharmacologic strategies for acute stroke treatment, providing both a historic context and the state of the art. (ajnr.org)
  • 3 IV rtPA thrombolysis was the first approved treatment for acute stroke that effectively treats the causative vascular occlusion and, hence, was a landmark development. (ajnr.org)
  • Effect of treatment delay, age, and stroke severity on the effects of intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase for acute ischaemic stroke: a meta-analysis of individual patient data from randomised trials. (intramed.net)
  • Endovascular thrombectomy after large-vessel ischaemic stroke: a meta-analysis of individual patient data from five randomised trials. (intramed.net)
  • Main outcome measures Ischaemic stroke, cerebral or gastrointestinal haemorrhage, and all cause mortality. (bmj.com)
  • The hazard ratios for ischaemic stroke, haemorrhage, and all cause mortality for those on anticoagulants were 2.60 (95% confidence interval 2.00 to 3.38), 2.42 (1.44 to 4.05), and 0.82 (0.74 to 0.91) compared with those who received no anticoagulation. (bmj.com)
  • In the lungs, oxygen is loaded onto red blood cells and returns to the left atrium of the heart via the pulmonary veins. (rxlist.com)
  • The product platform consists of a comprehensive remote patient management software solution coupled with a seamlessly integrated, next generation implantable pulmonary artery sensor to streamline heart failure care management and provide early detection of worsening heart failure. (pharmiweb.com)
  • Chang and colleagues found that Impella-based LVEDPs matched left heart catheter-based LVEDPs more closely than pulmonary capillary wedge pressure-inferred LVEDPs. (sciencemag.org)
  • Blood clots increase the risk for death from a pulmonary embolism, stroke or a heart attack. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • AstraZeneca today announced two updates to its global heart failure (HF) research programme for Forxiga (dapagliflozin), a selective sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT-2i) currently approved for the treatment of type-2 diabetes (T2D). (astrazeneca.com)
  • World Health Organization in collaboration with the World Heart Federation and the World Stroke Organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the World Stroke Organization, one out of six people will suffer from a stroke, making stroke a leading cause of adult long-term disability worldwide ( 5 - 7 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • On the basis of 2005 mortality rate data, nearly 2400 Americans die of CVD each day-an average of 1 death every 37 seconds. (ahajournals.org)
  • 2,4 In 2005, the overall mortality rate from stroke was approximately 44.7 per 100,000 for Caucasian males, 70.5 per 100,000 for black males, 44.0 per 100,000 for Caucasian females, and 60.7 per 100,000 for black females. (ahrq.gov)
  • Studies from around the world have provided evidence for the reduced incidence of heart attacks and hospitalizations after implementation of smoke-free air laws (4). (heart.org)
  • METHODS: The study`s subjects included 90 individuals post-stroke. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Post-Stroke Rehabilitation. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • We then examine how the anatomical variability in tDCS placement [e.g., neural target(s) and montages employed] may alter the neuromodulatory effects that tDCS exerts on the post-stroke motor system. (frontiersin.org)
  • Accordingly, there is a need to find new potential therapeutic tools to enhance post-stroke motor recovery. (frontiersin.org)
  • Rebalancing interhemispheric interactions and/or restoring excitability in the ipsilesional hemisphere is thought to be beneficial for post-stroke motor recovery ( 11 - 17 ). (frontiersin.org)