American Civil War: 1861-1865 conflict between the Union (Northern states) and the 11 Southern states that seceded and were organized as the Confederate States of America.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Liberia: A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and east of COTE D'IVOIRE. Its capital is Monrovia.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Military Nursing: The practice of nursing in military environments.ArchivesAngola: A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.Gulf War: United Nations' action to intervene in conflict between the nation of Kuwait and occupying Iraqi forces, occurring from 1990 through 1991.Sudan: A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Military Medicine: The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.Confederate States of America: The area of those states which seceded in 1861 from the union of the United States of America. They include South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee.Blast Injuries: Injuries resulting when a person is struck by particles impelled with violent force from an explosion. Blast causes pulmonary concussion and hemorrhage, laceration of other thoracic and abdominal viscera, ruptured ear drums, and minor effects in the central nervous system. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Health Impact Assessment: Combination of procedures, methods, and tools by which a policy, program, or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population.Explosive Agents: Substances that are energetically unstable and can produce a sudden expansion of the material, called an explosion, which is accompanied by heat, pressure and noise. Other things which have been described as explosive that are not included here are explosive action of laser heating, human performance, sudden epidemiological outbreaks, or fast cell growth.Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Deception: The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Effect Modifier, Epidemiologic: Factors that modify the effect of the putative causal factor(s) under study.Conflict (Psychology): The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Veterans: Former members of the armed services.KansasEmblems and Insignia: Figures or symbols identifying or representing organizations or societies.Pensions: Fixed sums paid regularly to individuals.Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.Documentaries and Factual FilmsHospitals, County: Hospitals controlled by the county government.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.MuseumsArchitecture as Topic: The art and science of designing buildings and structures. More generally, it is the design of the total built environment, including town planning, urban design, and landscape architecture.Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Colonialism: The aggregate of various economic, political, and social policies by which an imperial power maintains or extends its control over other areas or peoples. It includes the practice of or belief in acquiring and retaining colonies. The emphasis is less on its identity as an ideological political system than on its designation in a period of history. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)SculptureEmigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Catholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Northern Territory: Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.VirginiaRickettsiaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family RICKETTSIACEAE.MarylandCivil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)Freedom: The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Supreme Court Decisions: Decisions made by the United States Supreme Court.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: An Act prohibiting a health plan from establishing lifetime limits or annual limits on the dollar value of benefits for any participant or beneficiary after January 1, 2014. It permits a restricted annual limit for plan years beginning prior to January 1, 2014. It provides that a health plan shall not be prevented from placing annual or lifetime per-beneficiary limits on covered benefits. The Act sets up a competitive health insurance market.Fundulidae: Family of small, surface-dwelling fish that inhabit fresh and brackish waters, and coastal marine areas.New Orleans: City in Orleans Parish (county), largest city in state of LOUISIANA. It is located between the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.MassachusettsNational Library of Medicine (U.S.): An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Religion: A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Religion and Psychology: The interrelationship of psychology and religion.

Alexander Thomas Augusta--physician, teacher and human rights activist. (1/11)

Commissioned surgeon of colored volunteers, April 4, 1863, with the rank of Major. Commissioned regimental surgeon on the 7th Regiment of U.S. Colored Troops, October 2, 1863. Brevet Lieutenant Colonel of Volunteers, March 13, 1865, for faithful and meritorious services--mustered out October 13, 1866. So reads the tombstone at Arlington National Cemetery of Alexander Thomas Augusta, the first black surgeon commissioned in the Union Army during the Civil War and the first black officer-rank soldier to be buried at Arlington Cemetery. He was also instrumental in founding the institutions that later became the hospital and medical college of Howard University and the National Medical Association.  (+info)

Physical and mental health costs of traumatic war experiences among Civil War veterans. (2/11)

BACKGROUND: Hundreds of thousands of soldiers face exposure to combat during wars across the globe. The health effects of traumatic war experiences have not been adequately assessed across the lifetime of these veterans. OBJECTIVE: To identify the role of traumatic war experiences in predicting postwar nervous and physical disease and mortality using archival data from military and medical records of veterans from the Civil War. DESIGN: An archival examination of military and medical records of Civil War veterans was conducted. Degree of trauma experienced (prisoner-of-war experience, percentage of company killed, being wounded, and early age at enlistment), signs of lifetime physician-diagnosed disease, and age at death were recorded. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The US Pension Board surgeons conducted standardized medical examinations of Civil War veterans over their postwar lifetimes. Military records of 17,700 Civil War veterans were matched to postwar medical records. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Signs of physician-diagnosed disease, including cardiac, gastrointestinal, and nervous disease; number of unique ailments within each disease; and mortality. RESULTS: Military trauma was related to signs of disease and mortality. A greater percentage of company killed was associated with signs of postwar cardiac and gastrointestinal disease (incidence risk ratio [IRR], 1.34; P < .02), comorbid nervous and physical disease (IRR, 1.51; P < .005), and more unique ailments within each disease (IRR, 1.14; P < .005). Younger soldiers (<18 years), compared with older enlistees (>30 years), showed a higher mortality risk (hazard ratio, 1.52), signs of comorbid nervous and physical disease (IRR, 1.93), and more unique ailments within each disease (IRR, 1.32) (P < .005 for all), controlling for time lived and other covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Greater exposure to death of military comrades and younger exposure to war trauma were associated with increased signs of physician-diagnosed cardiac, gastrointestinal, and nervous disease and more unique disease ailments across the life of Civil War veterans. Physiological mechanisms by which trauma might result in disease are discussed.  (+info)

Prevalence of major eye diseases among US Civil War veterans, 1890-1910. (3/11)

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Antietam: aspects of medicine, nursing and the civil war. (4/11)

Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia met the Army of the Potomac under George B. McClellan at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland on September 17, 1862. Before the day was done, nearly 23,000 men were killed, wounded, or missing, memorializing Antietam as the bloodiest single day in American military history. Dr. Jonathan Letterman, the Medical Director of the Army of the Potomac, Clara Barton, the "Angel of the Battlefield," and Dr. Hunter McGuire, Chief Surgeon to and Medical Director of General Stonewall Jackson's Corps, were among the nursing and medical personnel engaged on that historic day. These three individuals provided medical and nursing care to the casualties at Antietam (and other Civil War battles), but perhaps more importantly, developed systems of casualty management that brought order and humanity to the battlefield. These models of care continue today in modern military medicine.  (+info)

Fertility in New York State in the pre-Civil War era. (5/11)

Knowledge is quite limited about the extent and social correlates of marital fertility decline for the United States in the early part of the nineteenth century. Manuscripts from the New York State census of 1865 indicate a very slow decline in marital fertility during the initial decades of the nineteenth century and more rapid decline as the Civil War approached. Little evidence of fertility control within marriage is found for the very oldest women in the sample, but analysis of parity progression ratios indicates that some control had emerged by the midpoint of the nineteenth century. Fertility decline was most evident in the urban, more economically developed areas, but our data also indicate that the limited availability of agricultural land may have affected the transition. While a marital fertility transition occurred in nineteenth-century New York, many couples in various geographic areas and social strata continued to have quite high levels of fertility, indicating difficulties that were probably faced in controlling reproduction.  (+info)

Clinical risk and judicial reasoning: Eugene F. Sanger, AM, MD, 1829-1897. (6/11)

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Occupational career and risk of mortality among US Civil War veterans. (7/11)

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Prejudice & policy: racial discrimination in the Union Army disability pension system, 1865-1906. (8/11)

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The African American Civil War Memorial honors the service of 208,943 soldiers during the Civil War, including 7,000 white officers under whom they served. The site is located at the north entrance to the U Street Metro Station and is across the street from the African American Civil War Museum. The site design has the traditional flavor of other Washington, D.C. memorials located on and around the National Mall. The memorial was designed by architect Edward Dunson, landscape architect Paul Devrouax, and sculptor Ed Hamilton ...
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News about the American Civil War (1861-1865). Commentary and archival information about the United State Civil War (1861-1865) from The New York Times.
The African American Civil War Memorial is a self-guided experience. For in depth information, consult the on-site interpretive wayside panel or contact a park ranger at 202.426.6841.. ...
Ironclads: American Civil War is a historical wargame/naval simulator with turned based tactics. Current of time inside of game is broken into rounds. Within the limits of each round in consecutive sequence the player and the computer opponent can realize all actions possible within five minutes of real time for each of the ships. During the moment of actions of the chosen active ship all other game units are motionless. Time for decision-making is not limited. Game locations of real scales are not divided into cells or hexagons. The trajectory of movement of the active ship is determined by laws of physics proceeding from speed, the sizes and the form ...
... was the most difficult time in our nations history. At times it was neighbor against neighbor and brother against brother. The issues of states rights and slavery separated the Union of states.
GAR insignia, printed on the charter of Kansas GAR Post 68. African Americans gave proud service during the Civil War. More than 186,000 men served in the United States Colored Troops (USCT), approximately 18,000 served in the U.S. Navy, and thousands more in segregated state regiments, such as the famed 54th Massachusetts Infantry. Pension records often come to mind when researching these individuals, but your research shouldnt stop there. The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was the largest organization of Union veterans. It was open to all honorably discharged veterans who had never borne arms against the United States. It was founded in Illinois in 1866; membership reached nearly 500,000 by 1890. The GAR was politically active. It was due largely to its advocacy that pension requirements were changed from being based on disability and financial hardship to being based on service. In addition, local GAR posts provided financial aid and burial benefits for its members. The GAR was unusual. ...
Glaucoma provides an example of the lack of understanding of disease processes in the early 20th century. The term glaucoma appeared in ophthalmologic reference books of the period, and it was one of the listed diagnoses the board of surgeons could apply following their examinations of pension applicants; but the consequences of glaucoma were not understood then. There are 2 chief reasons for the rarity of reported glaucoma: (1) The disease was thought to be very uncommon and (2) the relationship between glaucoma and the optic nerve was not well understood. Fuchs38 wrote in 1898 that glaucoma accounted for less than 1% of all eye diseases. In 1900, Deyl and Sattlers42 chapter "Diseases of the Optic Nerve" in Norris and Olivers System of Diseases of the Eye made no reference to glaucoma, though some connection with the optic disc was mentioned in Smiths43 chapter on glaucoma in the same volume. Fuchs38 identified excavation of the optic nerve as the cause of blindness in advanced glaucoma but ...
... CSC 1985 SUBJECT AREA History WAR SINCE 1945 SEMINAR AND SYMPOSIUM THE GREEK CIVIL WAR 1943 - 1949 Major Jeffrey C. Kotora, USMC 26 April 1985 Marine Corps Command and Staff College Marine Corps Development and Education Command Quantico, Virginia 22314 ABSTRACT Author: Kotora, Jeffrey C., Major, USMC Title: The Greek Civil War, 1943-1949 Date: April 26, 1985 Since the end of the Second World War, the frequency with which nations have fallen victim to communist insurgencies has not abated. Why have some nations been able to resist while others succumbed to wars of national liberation? The object of this paper is to examine one such conflict with a view towards analyzing the events of the war and the causative factors that made it a successful counterinsurgency. This study of the Greek Civil War begins with a dis- cussion of the roots of the conflict in the German occupation of Greece in 1941. Included in this discussion is the growth of the resistance and the rise ...
Jackson, Ronald Vern. Civil War Veterans Listed in the 1890 Census. New Jersey 1890. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1990. (Family History Library book 974.9 X22j 1890.) This contains the names of Civil War veterans and their widows for the special census taken along with the Federal 1890 census (Family History Library films 338200-2). The soldiers rank, company, regiment, date of enlistment, date of discharge, length of service, P. O. address and often street address, disability incurred, and remarks such as death date and place are given. If the soldier died before the 1890 census, his name is given with the name of the widow ...
Jackson, Ronald Vern. Civil War Veterans Listed in the 1890 Census. New Jersey 1890. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1990. (Family History Library book 974.9 X22j 1890.) This contains the names of Civil War veterans and their widows for the special census taken along with the Federal 1890 census (Family History Library films 338200-2). The soldiers rank, company, regiment, date of enlistment, date of discharge, length of service, P. O. address and often street address, disability incurred, and remarks such as death date and place are given. If the soldier died before the 1890 census, his name is given with the name of the widow ...
WATCHUNG RESERVATION - Trailside Nature and Science Center is pleased to announce a musical program, "Songs of the Civil War: History and Myth," for adults 18 years and older, on Thursday evening, February 13. Sponsored by the Union County Board of Chosen Freeholders and the Department of Parks and Recreation, this educational and entertaining program will take place at Maskers Barn in the Deserted Village of Feltville from 7:30 to 8:30 p.m. "Through music and song, this program will transport you dramatically to the Civil War era and offer a greater understanding of the period," said Freeholder Chairman Christopher Hudak.. Lisa Wilkins and Chuck Winch will sing both authentic Civil War era songs and original compositions to explore how popular songs shaped and reflected the sentiments and events of the time. Dressed in period clothing, their unique presentation illustrates how these songs continue to resonate emotionally among those interested in the Civil War and American history.. Sign Up ...
League City resident hopes dioramas spark interest in Civil War battles FACES IN THE CROWD$LINEBREAK$David Williford constructs scale models of key conflicts Since suffering a stroke about six years ago, League City resident David Williford , has been working on detailed dioramas depicting key moments from the Civil War. Two of his pieces are on display at the Museum of Southern History in Houston Baptist Universitys Cultural Arts Center. The damage from his stroke made the work challenging, Williford said, but he managed to create the scenes with exhaustive attention to detail. Kraig White, a volunteer at the Civil War Museum, said hes working on arrangements now to transport a third diorama from Willifords house to the museum in Spring. The Civil War dioramas, meanwhile, were a positive use of his energy and a way to share something he loves with others.
Staying with a musical setting was a look at a Civil War Era American composer. On December 30, 1939 the Hollywood version of the life of composer Stephen Collins Foster was released entitled "Swanee River". The basic plot has Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania born Foster becoming a song writer, against the wishes of his parents, falling in love with the South and "Its simple people" Then meeting and marrying a "southern belle" named Jane McDowell. When the Civil War breaks out he is branded a traitor to the Union, because of the music he has written. He takes to drinking heavily, his wife leaves him, but two years later returns to encourage him to write "Old Folks At Home (Swanee River)". However, Stephen Foster dies of a heart attack on the night Edwin P. Christy of "Christys Minstrels" is to perform that song to a New York City audience. The film ends with the audience being told of his death and Stephen Foster being recognized in the North once more for his music ...
A team of researchers has launched a project that is working to put online records of the United States Colored Troops-regiments of African American soldiers that included large numbers of men who had been slaves at the start of the Civil War. In 1862, the Union Army officially created the United States Colored Troops (USCT)-regiments…
I ride over the battle-field. In one place a caisson and five horses are lying, the latter killed in harness, and all fallen together. Nationals and Confederates, young, middle-aged, and old, are scattered over the woods and fields for miles. Poor Wright, of my old company, lay at the barricade in the woods which we stormed on the night of the last day. Many others lay about him. Further on we find men with their legs shot off; one with brains scooped out with a cannon ball; another with half a face gone; another with entrails protruding; young Winnegard, of the Third, has one foot off and both legs pierced by grape at the thighs; another boy lies with his hands clasped above his head, indicating that his last words were a prayer. Many Confederate sharpshooters lay behind stumps, rails, and logs, shot in the head. A young boy, drCivil War Dead horse essed in the Confederate uniform, lies with his face turned to the sky, and looks as if he might be sleeping. Poor boy! what thoughts of home, ...
An Anniversary Collection volume. The term "conscientious objector" was not in use during the Civil War, but the concept certainly existed. This engrossing volume studies the whole problem of objection to warfare on religious or moral grounds, as it existed during the Civil War. The author covers five major areas: the type of individuals and which religious denominations were actually opposed to the war on conscientious grounds; what efforts were made on behalf of objectors and what changes took place in their political status; the attitude of the civil and military authorities toward objectors; the number of objectors; and, finally, a comparison of the problem of conscientious objection in the Civil War with the same problem as it existed for the United States during World War I.. The facts presented in this volume are of historical interest; the conclusions the author draws, however, are as relevant and important today as they have been during any period in American history.. View your ...
Historian Pete Carmichael describes the process of finding, burying, and reburying the dead after battles. He also discusses the significance of having a "decent burial," and efforts to lay soldiers to rest in military cemeteries in the years after the war. This video is part of the Civil War Trusts In4 video series, which presents short videos on basic Civil War topics ...
This remarkable passage from Reflections of a Civil War Medical Cadet, page 73, is almost commonplace throughout the book. Richard M. Reid, author of Practicing Medicine in a Black Regiment: The Civil War Diary of Burt G. Wilder, 55th Massachusetts, continues to mine the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections of Cornell University Library for Civil War surgeon Burt Wilder s never before published manuscripts. This fascinating volume cover s Wilder s early service as a medical cadet.. During July 1862, Wilder left Boston to join Dr. Francis Brown, a surgeon working at Judiciary Square Hospital, one of the initial pavilion-style hospitals in Washington, D.C. He had neared the end of a Harvard course of study in comparative anatomy and had offered to serve as a friend s military substitute. Brown s offer of hospital duty was quite appealing to Wilder.. He left Boston on July 15 and was soon serving as a medical cadet in training. Immersed by the wounded from the Peninsula Campaign, nearly ...
Please join the Civil War Trust in preserving our threatened Civil War battlefields. Your tax-deductible gift will help us to preserve this irreplaceable hallowed ground - forever.. To make a gift by mail, send your check made out to Civil War Trust to 1140 Professional Court Hagerstown, MD 21740. To make a gift by phone call 1-888-606-1400.. To help save a specific battlefield visit our Save a Battlefield page » ...
Downloadable! This paper studies the incidence of civil war over time. We put forward a canonical model of civil war, which relates the incidence of conflict to circumstances, institutions and features of the underlying economy and polity. We use this model to derive testable predictions and to interpret the cross-sectional and times-series variations in civil conflict. Our most novel empirical finding is that higher world market prices of exported, as well as imported, commodities are strong and significant predictors of higher within-country incidence of civil war.
This study asks why the civil war in Afghanistan persists. Put slightly differently, what is preventing the state/government from achieving outright victory, against the rebel organization/forces? A central theme in civil war research is that `weak states? are especially prone to (prolonged) civil war; state-weakness seems to be the variable around which there is the most theoretical agreement. There is a strong sense that state failure ? whether defined as failure to monopolize legitimate violence or failure to deliver development, good governance and basic services ? is a principal driver of contemporary civil conflicts, often resulting in prolonged crises. In investigating the puzzle, the study tests the weak state thesis. The study explores the relationship between state-weakness and the particularities of insufficient institutional capacity (including governance) in the conflict-ridden country of Afghanistan. The study argues state-weakness deprives the state/government from ensuring a ...
Peacekeeping is widely considered to be an effective means of preventing civil war recurrence. However, as peace has collapsed in a considerable number of cases despite peacekeeping efforts, we are left with the question which combinations of peacekeeping environments and peacekeeping missions lead ... view more Peacekeeping is widely considered to be an effective means of preventing civil war recurrence. However, as peace has collapsed in a considerable number of cases despite peacekeeping efforts, we are left with the question which combinations of peacekeeping environments and peacekeeping missions lead to lasting peace. This article compares 22 peacekeeping missions between 1990 and 2012. While prominent United Nations documents assume that the success of post-conflict peacekeeping primarily depends on the features of the mission itself, the analysis shows that characteristics of the terminated civil war have a strong influence on whether peace endures. Restrained peacekeeping, defined by ...
NOTE: For more information on Wisconsin Veterans of the Civil War and World Wars I and II, check the Wisconsin Veterans Museum They have a database of all WI Civil War Veterans and will do look-ups. If you are able, please send a small donation with your look-up request and SASE to: Wisconsin Veterans Museum, 30 West Mifflin Street, Madison, WI 53703 Then, use the information found on this page or from the Wisconsin Veterans Museum, and send for your ancestors pension and service records from the National Archives. Check here for information on cost of copies and how to submit your request: National Archives Forms ...
Howitzers were short-barreled guns that were optimized for firing explosive shells in a high trajectory, but also for spherical case shot and canister, over a shorter range than the guns. While field use alluded to firing at targets consisting of enemy forces arrayed in the open, howitzers were considered the weapon of choice if the opposing forces were concealed behind terrain features or fortifications. It cost about $500. Howitzers used lighter gunpowder charges than guns of corresponding caliber. Field howitzer calibers used in the Civil War were 12-pounder (4.62 inch bore), 24-pounder (5.82 inch bore), and 32-pounder (6.41 inch bore). Most of the howitzers used in the war were bronze, with notable exceptions of some of Confederate manufacture.[9] Coupled to the 6-pounder field gun in allocations of the pre-war Army, the M1841 12-pounder howitzer was represented by Models of 1835, 1838 and 1841. With a light weight and respectable projectile payload, the 12-pounder was only cycled out of the ...
on Britannica Blog, we commemorate the 150th anniversary of the first shots of the Civil War with posts exploring the wars legacy by six experts.
There is a disparity between the sides in naming some of the battles of the war. The Union forces frequently named battles for bodies of water or other natural features that were prominent on or near the battlefield; Confederates most often used the name of the nearest town or man-made landmark. Because of this, many battles actually have two widely used names. However, not all of the disparities are based on these naming conventions. Many modern accounts of Civil War battles use the names established by the North. However, for some battles, the Southern name has become the standard. The National Park Service occasionally uses the Southern names for their battlefield parks located in the South, such as Manassas and Shiloh. In general, naming conventions were determined by the victor of the battle.[41] Examples of battles with dual names are shown in the table. Historian Shelby Foote explains that many Northerners were urban and regarded bodies of water as noteworthy; many Southerners were rural ...
The Fort Sumter Fort Moultrie Historical Trust will present a special event on "A Just and Lasting Peace Among Ourselves? Lessons on the 150th Anniversary of the End of the American Civil War" on April 18, 2015 in Charleston, SC at the historic Dock Street Theatre. Two panel presentations featuring seven noted scholars will take place. SC Humanities supported this project with a Major Grant in September 2014.. The first session will take place at 10:00 a.m. and will broach the topic "The Civil Wars Impact on American History" and will feature Annette Gordon-Reed of Harvard University speaking on "The Civil War Amendments and the American Declaration of Independence"; Eric Foner of Columbia University speaking on "The Significance of Reconstruction"; and Emory Thomas of the University of Georgia speaking on "A Later Encounter with the Enemy: The Confederate Experience at 150.". The second session on "Public Memories of The American Civil War" is scheduled for 1:30 p.m. and will feature David W. ...
The address is 1925 Vermont Avenue Northwest, Washington DC 20001. The memorial is located at the corner of Vermont Avenue, 10th St, and U Street NW, near the U Street/African-Amer Civil War Memorial/Cardozo Metro Station.. Map. GPS ...
Battle of the civil war ironclads. Take part in battles from USS Monitor vs CSS Virginia before battles between armored squadrons of steamships and other vessels. The flow of time is organized into rounds.
He said the two sides agreed to talk with representatives of the VA clinic to see whether the medals could be displayed in an area where the agency plans to honor veterans.. He said family members had spoken with various museums but had concerns about their long-term viability. They said they felt the VA clinic could provide a permanent home for the medals and would enable a large number of veterans to see them.. Sergeant Brown, a locomotive engineer and member of the 21st Ohio Infantry Regiment, was among the first U.S. soldiers to receive a Congressional Medal of Honor for his part in the 1862 raid. He received a second one after the medal was redesigned in 1904. Sergeant Brown died in East Toledo in 1916 and was buried in Wood County.. In the raid, volunteers from the Union Army, led by civilian scout James J. Andrews, commandeered a train and took it north toward Chattanooga, Tenn., doing as much damage as possible to the vital railroad link from Atlanta to Chattanooga. The raiders were ...
The Singapore Eye Research Institute (Seri) yesterday announced a five-year collaboration with Japanese company Santen Pharmaceutical to conduct research on major eye diseases in Asia.. Read more at straitstimes.com.
Keedysville, Maryland (vicinity). Smiths barn, used as a hospital after the battle of Antietam. Date Created/Published: 1862 Sept. LOC original medium: 1 negative : glass, stereograph, wet collodion.. ...
This data collection constitutes a portion of the historical data collected by the project Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease, and Death. With the goal of constructing datasets suitable for longitudinal analyses of factors affecting the aging process, the project is collecting military, medical, and socioeconomical data on a sample of white males mustered into the Union Army during the Civil War. The project seeks to examine the influence of environmental and host factors prior to recruitment on the health performance and survival of recruits during military service, to identify and show relationships between socioeconomic and biomedical conditions (including nutritional status) of veterans at early ages and mortality rates from diseases at middle and late ages, and to study the effects of health and pensions on labor force participation rates of veterans at ages 65 and over. This installment of the collection, Version M-5, supersedes any previous version of these data. Collected ...
In 1859, Rockefeller went into the produce commission business with a partner, Maurice B. Clark, and they raised $4,000 ($113,822 in 2019 dollars) in capital. Clark initiated the idea of the partnership and offered $2,000 towards the goal. Rockefeller had only $800 saved up at the time and so borrowed $1,000 from his father, "Big Bill" Rockefeller, at 10 percent interest.[39] Rockefeller went steadily ahead in business from there, making money each year of his career.[40] In their first and second years of business, Clark & Rockefeller netted $4,400 (on nearly half a million dollars in business) and $17,000 worth of profit, respectively, and their profits soared with the outbreak of the American Civil War when the Union Army called for massive amounts of food and supplies. When the Civil War was nearing a close and with the prospect of those war-time profits ending, Clark & Rockefeller looked toward the refining of crude oil.[41] While his brother Frank fought in the Civil War, Rockefeller ...
USGenWeb Archives Project Notice: In keeping with our policy of providing free information on the internet, data may be used by non-commercial entities, as long as this message remains on all copied material. These electronic pages may not be reproduced in any format for profit, nor for commercial presentation by any other organization. Persons or organizations desiring to use this material for purposes other than as stated above, must obtain express written permission from the author or the submitter and from the listed USGenWeb Project archivist.. Volunteers are needed to coordinate each states Civil War Pension records. To see a list of states available for adoption, please return to the main page of the Civil War Pensions Project. If you would like to volunteer, please email Cyndie Enfinger.. ...
Hardly a person in America was untouched by the Civil War, and Mark Twain and Walt Whitman were no exceptions. Because they were perhaps the most distinctly "American" writers of their time, their reactions to the conflict are particularly interesting. Printed here are two of their wartime letters, both written within six months of each other, at a time when the North seemed on the verge of defeat. While Whitmans letter to his New York friends, Nat and Fred Gray, has appeared before, the Twain letter is a completely new find. Both are owned by the noted book collector, Clifton Waller Barrett, and AMERICAN HERITAGE publishes them through his courtesy. The Civil War was a crisis which Twain and Whitman observed as civilians-but then, the number of important American writers who saw active service is surprisingly small. Men like Emerson, Hawthorne, Lowell, Melville, and Whitman-the established talents-were all too old to fight. Many of the younger group who grew up during the war managed to avoid ...
y^ ms ^ ,^^ ^ME ATTITUDE OF THADDEUS STEVENS TOWARD THE CONDUCT OF THE CIVIL WAR JAMES ALBERT WOODBURN REPRINTED FROM THE l^meticatt §ii,$totiral ^mtw Vol. XII., No. 3 APRIL, 1907 /■ / THE ATTITUDE OF THADDEUS STEVENS TOWARD THE CONDUCT OF THE CIVIL WAR From July, 1861, to his death in 1869 Thaddeiis Stevens was the leader of the Republican majority of the House of Representatives. He was chairman of the Ways and Means Committee of the House throughout the war, and his attention was therefore largely devoted to questions of taxation and finance, of revenues and appropriations. These subjects in time of war offer a large field of studv in connec- tion with Stevens. But the purpose of this paper is not to consider Stevenss contributions and services on these lines, but rather to bring into review his career and opinions in relation particularly to the more distinctly constitutional, political, and party issues which the war presented. There are three salient aspects about which the political ...
10/3/2006 • Civil War Times The Irish experience in the Civil War has probably received more attention - and celebration - than that of any other ethnic group. Mention of the Irish commonly conjures up images of the Irish Brigades doomed charge at Fredericksburg, of Father William Corby granting absolution before Gettysburg, or possibly the mourning wolfhound at the base of the Irish Brigades monument on the same battlefield. The reality of the Irish experience in the war was, as might be expected, more complex. The most politically active - and contentious - of the nations mid-19th-century immigrant groups, the Irish shared many of the experiences of the Northern soldier. Yet in some ways the Irish were different, not only from native-born soldiers, but from other immigrant groups as well.. Although a smattering of Irish Catholics had lived in America since the colonial period, there was no significant immigration to the United States until the catastrophe of the Potato Famine (1845-1853) ...
http://www.history.vt.edu/Robertson/robertson_.jpg This is the premier Civil War historian in the United States. Dr Bud Robertson. He is a Southerner and a staunch Conservative. He also does not have a butt munching slobbering man crush over Lincoln and teaches the truth about the Civil War. All wars are over two things at their heart. Who is going to control Property and Resources. Things like Slavery, and the Jewish Question and protecting the Holy Lands are always
Biography of Pennsylvania Civil War Soldier Benjamin F. Crain. In addition to battles fought, injuries and POW info, each Civil War bio typically has genealogy data such as birthplace and birthdate, parents, spouse, children and occupation.
PA Civil War Roster - 173rd Regiment Co. G of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. Free Pennsylvania Civil War rosters, histories, draft lists, biographies, letters, diaries, & Medal of Honor Recipients.
When we think of Civil War medicine, we often think of gore, like amputated limbs and bloody gunshot wounds. But these traumatic injuries did not make up the majority of a Civil War surgeons daily work. Instead, it was the camp diseases like dysentery and typhoid, infectious disease like smallpox, and - as we saw in this weeks episode of Mercy Street - venereal diseases.. Read More » ...
When we think of Civil War medicine, we often think of gore, like amputated limbs and bloody gunshot wounds. But these traumatic injuries did not make up the majority of a Civil War surgeons daily work. Instead, it was the camp diseases like dysentery and typhoid, infectious disease like smallpox, and - as we saw in this weeks episode of Mercy Street - venereal diseases.. Read More » ...
Restauranter i nærheden af Civil War Medical Museum i Gordonsville på TripAdvisor: Find anmeldelser fra rejsende og personlige billeder af spisesteder i nærheden af Civil War Medical Museum i Gordonsville, Virginia.
You searched for: Poem Genre / Form Triplet Remove constraint Poem Genre / Form: Triplet Poem Genre / Form Song with refrain Remove constraint Poem Genre / Form: Song with refrain Poem Theme Politics Remove constraint Poem Theme: Politics Poem Theme Civil war / interregnum Remove constraint Poem Theme: Civil war / interregnum ...
Benjamin Tyler Henrys Repeating Rifle; the history, use of the Henry at Civil War reenactments and information on Civil War useage.
Read more about Lanka Tamils to mark 8th anniversary of end of civil war on Business Standard. Tamils in Sri Lankas war-ravaged northern and eastern provinces are today observing the eigth anniversary of the end of the three-decade brutal civil war in the country in 2009. The Tamil Genocide Remembrance day will be marked by various events
This photograph is part of an album of photographs from a trip through Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania that primarily depicts Civil War battlefields and cemeteries. The mount on each photograph includes a detailed description about the image and its relation to the Civil War, and the date and time the photograph was taken ...
American Civil War. Peninsula Antietam Fredericksburg Chancellorsville Gettysburg Wilderness Spotsylvania Cold Harbor ... During World War I it was involved in the Meuse-Argonne, Champagne-Marne, Aisne-Marne, Oise-Aisne, and Ypres-Lys (FA) ... During the war, the 28th Infantry Division took a total of 14,139 casualties (KIA-2,165 ; WIA-11,974). The brigade was again ... The battalions, as well as the brigade, carry battle streamers from nearly every conflict throughout American history. The 56th ...
The Battle of Carlisle was an American Civil War skirmish fought in Pennsylvania on the same day as the Battle of Gettysburg, ... "Confederate Occupation of Carlisle, Pennsylvania". American Civil War. 15 August 2003. Retrieved 2011-11-28. Wittenberg, Eric J ... Ewell, as well as some of his officers, had been stationed at the Carlisle Barracks prior to the Civil War when they were still ... ISBN 1-932714-20-0. Boatner, Mark Mayo, III (1988) [1959]. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: McKay. ISBN 0-8129-1726-X. [ ...
American civil war. "The People of American civil war". issuu.com. ... The People of the American Civil War; and The Photography of Satya Peddada. Raju Peddada was born in the mid 1950s, in a remote ... for the whole of the European and North American markets. His Rugs are entirely hand-woven in Nepal and India to his exacting ... becoming a naturalized American in the late eighties.[citation needed] He attended the University of Delhi for his Bachelor's ...
American Civil War :: Hargrett Rare Book & Manuscript Library :: University of Georgia Libraries. Retrieved July 10, 2013. The ... The original Provisional Constitution is currently located at the American Civil War Museum in Richmond, Virginia, and differs ... through the conclusion of the American Civil War. The Confederacy also operated under a Provisional Constitution from February ... Nor shall any state keep troops or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state, or ...
Slavery was the key to the start of the bloodiest and most traumatic war in America's history. The American Civil War was ... 2016 . Davies, Phil (2001). American Civil War. Pocket Essentials. Carney, Jessie (2011). African American Almanac : 400 Years ... and made abolition one of the North's central war aims. The North took the victory. Did the end of the war represent a gain or ... Four million slaves were freed by the result of the American Civil War. In a few years later the South's elite white was in ...
"Baton Rouge, Magnolia Cemetery, Civil War Louisiana". American Civil War. Retrieved 2009-05-23. BREC Magnolia Cemetery page ... The cemetery is located at 422 North 19th Street and is bordered on the north by Main Street and on the south by Florida ... This cemetery was the main burial site for most prominent citizens of Baton Rouge, white and African-American, from 1852 to the ...
"American Civil war". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Founcation. 2003. Retrieved November 30, 2006. Vaillancourt & Coche ... 2001). Anti-Asian Violence in North America: Asian American and Asian Canadian Reflections on Hate, Healing, and Resistance. ... World War I and World War II, in particular, gave rise to a desire among Canadians to have their country recognized as a fully- ... During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Canada received many American Vietnam War draft dissenters. Throughout the late 1980s ...
Biography portal United States Army portal American Civil War portal List of Medal of Honor recipients List of American Civil ... "Charles C. Davis, Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. ... "Charles C. Davis, Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. ... of the American Civil War. He received the Medal of Honor for his actions at Shelbyville, Tennessee on June 27, 1863. The ...
Army portal American Civil War portal African American portal List of Medal of Honor recipients List of American Civil War ... "PINN, ROBERT, Civil War Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War website. 2007-11-08. Retrieved 2007-11-08. ... was an African American Union Army soldier during the American Civil War and a recipient of America's highest military ... "Civil War Medal of Honor recipients (M-Z)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, ...
United States Army portal American Civil War portal List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: M-P Notes "PARKS, ... HENRY JEREMIAH, Civil War Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War website. 2007-11-08. Retrieved 2007-11-08. Bibliography ... and a recipient of the United States military highest decoration-the Medal of Honor-for his actions in the American Civil War. ... Parks again served during the Spanish-American War, rising to the rank of captain and serving with Battery A of the 1st ...
Civil War Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War website. 2007-11-08. Retrieved 2007-11-08. "Civil War Medal of Honor ... Biography portal United States Army portal American Civil War portal List of Medal of Honor recipients List of American Civil ... John Henry Patterson (February 10, 1843 - October 5, 1920) was a Union officer during the American Civil War and a recipient of ... War Medal of Honor recipients: M-P List of brigadier generals in the United States Regular Army before February 2, 1901 16th ...
Biography portal American Civil War portal United States Navy portal List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: M-P ... Civil War Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War website. 2007-11-08. Retrieved 2007-11-08. This article incorporates ... sailor and a recipient of America's highest military decoration-the Medal of Honor-for his actions in the American Civil War. ... "Civil War Medal of Honor recipients (M-Z)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, ...
... built for the Union Navy during the American Civil War. The ship supported Union forces during the Mobile Campaign as they ... Civil War Navies 1855-1883. The U.S. Navy Warship Series. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-97870-X. United States, Naval War ... Olmstead, Edwin; Stark, Wayne E.; Tucker, Spencer C. (1997). The Big Guns: Civil War Siege, Seacoast, and Naval Cannon. ... United States, Naval War Records Office (1908). Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the ...
"The American Civil War". OCLC WorldCat. OCLC WorldCat. Retrieved 18 January 2016. "Eisenhower and the Suez Crisis of 1956". ... ISBN 978-1591144397 The American Civil War; 2004; ISBN 978-0313316388 Eisenhower and the Suez Crisis of 1956; 1995; ISBN ... "Old glory stories: American combat leadership in World War II". OCLC WorldCat. OCLC WorldCat. Retrieved 18 January 2016. "From ... American Combat Leadership in World War II A Case Study in Disaster for Tomorrow's Generals Marshall's Men by Cole C. Kingseed ...
List of American Civil War generals "Officers of Volunteers". The New York Times. 1898-05-10. Retrieved 2012-03-31. McMahon, ... Charles Albert Whittier was an American Civil War Union brevet brigadier general. He was a native of Massachusetts and a ... During the Spanish-American War, he accompanied General Wesley Merritt to the Philippines. His eldest daughter married Prince ... The Photographic History of the Civil War: Three Volumes in One. New York: Random House Value Publishing, Inc. 1983. p. 316. 0- ...
Biography portal United States Army portal American Civil War portal List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: M-P ... "MOFFITT, JOHN H., Civil War Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War website. November 8, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2007 ... During the American Civil War enlisted as a Private in Company C, 16th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment on April 27, 1861. ... was a United States Representative from New York and the recipient of the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Civil War. ...
"Unit history of the 5th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment". The American Civil War. Retrieved 16 March 2011. "William B ... Marlborough had built a reputation in shoe and boot making to supply the Union Army during the American Civil War. In the first ... Fred Ball Rice (14 Jul 1866 - 11 Feb 1933) p.385 In: Cyclopedia of American Biography, Vol. 23. J.T. White & Company, New York ... William Ball Rice (1 April, 1840 - 21 May, 1909) was an American industrialist who co-founded Rice & Hutchins, a shoe ...
List of Dakota Territory Civil War units American Civil War portal South Dakota portal Dyer, (1959), p. 1,116. Lounsberry, pg ... American Civil War Soldiers. Ancestry.com(subscription site) Lounsberry, pg 297 Dyer, Frederick H. (1959) [1908]. A Compendium ... The 1st Dakota Cavalry was a Union battalion of two companies raised in the Dakota Territory during the American Civil War. ... After the Civil War and Indian troubles drawing to a close in 1865, the two companies were mustered out, Company A, on May 9, ...
American Civil War fortifications), the Louisville Weekly Journal reported on June 11, 1861 about Fort Wright that at Randolph ... The first Confederate States Army fort in Tennessee was built at Randolph early in the American Civil War in 1861; a second ... Lossing, Benson John (1868). Pictorial History of the Civil War in the United States of America. II. Hartford, Connecticut: T. ... Heidler, David Stephen; Heidler, Jeanne T.; Coles, David J. (2002). Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social ...
"OSS, ALBERT, Civil War Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War website. 2007-11-08. Archived from the original on 28 ... Biography portal United States Army portal American Civil War portal List of Medal of Honor recipients List of American Civil ... Albert Oss (1818 - December 18, 1898) was a soldier in the Union Army during the American Civil War who received the Medal of ... "Civil War (M-Z); Oss, Albert entry". Medal of Honor recipients. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. ...
"Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, National Park Service". American Civil War portal. ... was raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and, served as infantry. It ... List of Virginia Civil War units This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document " ...
Biography portal American Civil War portal United States Navy portal List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: M-P ... Civil War Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War website. 2007-11-08. Retrieved 2007-11-08. This article incorporates ... was a Union Navy sailor during the American Civil War and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration-the ... "Civil War Medal of Honor recipients (M-Z)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, ...
Biography portal United States Marine Corps portal American Civil War portal List of American Civil War Medal of Honor ... "Mackie, John F., Civil War Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War website. 2007-11-08. Retrieved 2007-11-08. "John F. ... Marine and a recipient of America's highest military decoration-the Medal of Honor-for his actions in the American Civil War. ...
Kingseed, Cole C. (2004). The American Civil War. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. pp. 145-147. ISBN 9780313316388. Retrieved ... "GETTYSBURG IN THE CIVIL WAR: 1861 to 1865". A Brief History of Gettysburg. Retrieved 25 September 2015. "The Historic Railroad ... "Opening of Gettysburg Railroad". Baltimore American and Commercial Advertiser. 18 December 1858. p. 1. Retrieved 25 September ... during the battle and hub for outgoing wounded soldiers and incoming resources and supplies following the end of the war. On ...
American Civil war fortifications. Oxford, England: Osprey Publishing. p. 18. ISBN 1-84603-194-X. Foote, A. H. (March 5, 1862 ... "Tennesseans in the Civil War, 21st (Wilson's) Tennessee Cavalry Regiment". TNGenWeb Project. Retrieved 12 December 2008. "The ... Fort Randolph was a Confederate Army fortification built in 1861 during the Civil War. Fort Randolph was located on the second ... Confederate units that had suffered considerable loss or which had been fragmented in the course of the Civil War were ...
War August 7, 1789 September 18, 1947 Department of the Army. Department of the Air Force Kenneth C. Royall. Secretary of War ... 11,000 Civil Service. 45,000 local $52.404 billion. (2018) Mike Pompeo. Secretary of State ... Cabinet of the Confederate States of America. References[edit]. .mw-parser-output .refbegin{font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5em}. ...
In 2005, two years after the end of a destructive civil war, the Government of Liberia established an ambitious plan to ... However, the 2007 Demographic and Health Survey found the HIV infection prevalence in the North Central region, which includes ... Liberia emerged from 14 years of civil war in 2003. This conflict resulted in near-total destruction of the countrys ... The health system was also destroyed in the war: of the 293 public health facilities operating before the war, 242 were deemed ...
The American Civil War Centennial was the official United States commemoration of the American Civil War, also known as the War ... American Civil War reenactment Lost Cause of the Confederacy Robert J. Cook, Troubled Commemoration: The American Civil War ... One major legacy of the Civil War Centennial was the creation of an infrastructure of Civil War reenactment. At least two major ... the American Civil War centennial, 1961-1965 (2007). Review by Thomas J. Brown, Reviews in American History (2008) 36#2 pp 270- ...
Slavery during the American Civil War Port Royal Experiment Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of ... Contraband was a term commonly used in the United States military during the American Civil War to describe a new status for ... The status of southern-owned slaves after Confederate states had engaged in the American Civil War became an issue early in ... Many were assisted by missionary teachers recruited from the North by the American Missionary Association and other groups who ...
... such as the English Civil War, the Irish Civil War or the Spanish Civil War). ... The most common name in modern American usage is simply "The Civil War". Although used rarely during the war, the term "War ... "Great War of Yankee Aggression"[29] to indicate the Civil War as a Yankee war, not a Northern war per se.[30] ... states commonly refer to the American Civil War as "the Great Rebellion" or "the War of the Rebellion",[15] as do many war ...
Hazlett, James C.; Olmstead, Edwin; Parks, M. Hume (1983). Field Artillery Weapons of the American Civil War. Urbana, Ill.: ... Field artillery in the American Civil War refers to the artillery weapons, equipment, and practices used by the Artillery ... Nine-pounders were universally gone well before the Mexican War, and only scant references exist to any Civil War use of the ... Field artillery in the American Civil War. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ...
Commentary and archival information about the United State Civil War (1861-1865) from The New York Times. ... Commentary and archival information about the United State Civil War (1861-1865) from The New York Times. ... News about American Civil War (1861-1865), including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. More ... In much the same way, it can fairly be said that the cause of the Civil War was the growth of the Norths power - both economic ...
The careers of both men had been undistinguished between the Mexican War and the American Civil War. When the South seceded, ... Perhaps the greatest tribute to William T. Sherman was paid by his old Civil War opponent Joe Johnston, who had fought him in ... and he commanded a federal army in the last battle of the war in the East, at Bentonville, North Carolina. ... On November 15, in perhaps the boldest act of the war, he led an army of sixty-two thousand men in two wings, with thirty-five ...
Civil War , Reconstruction Booker T. Washington Era , WWI-Post War , The Depression-WWII , Civil Rights Era , The Civil War. ... Civil War , Reconstruction Booker T. Washington Era , WWI-Post War , The Depression-WWII , Civil Rights Era , African American ... African American volunteers were in readiness to serve in the Civil War when the Union called them. President Lincoln and Union ... "Contraband of War"--African American Fugitives To Union Lines Alfred R. Waud.. Contrabands Coming into Camp.. Drawing. Chinese ...
Their service helped to end the war and free over four million slaves. The African American Civil War Memorial honors their ... Over 200,000 African-American soldiers and sailors served in the U.S. Army and Navy during the Civil War. ...
More than three million soldiers fought in the American Civil War. More than half a million died, and almost as many were ... Life and Limb: The Toll of the Civil War focuses on disabled veterans and their role as symbols of the fractured nation. ... The U.S. Civil War: Living With Battlefield Injuries. Higher Education Modules. *Reconstructing State and Soldier: Disability ... While the perspectives of surgeons, physicians, and nurses are richly documented in the history of Civil War medicine, the ...
... kids can try on Civil War attire and commemorate the African American soldiers who fought for the Union during the Civil War. ... The wall lists the names of 209,145 USCT who fought for freedom during the American Civil War. The bronze statue and related ... The African American Civil War Memorial, dedicated under the leadership of Dr. Frank Smith Jr. and Colin Powell, serves as ... kids can try on Civil War attire and commemorate the African American soldiers who fought for the Union during the Civil War. ...
The African American Civil War Memorial Museum exhibits tell the stories about how the USCT regiments were instrumental in ... Of the sixteen African-Americans who were awarded the Medal of Honor during the Civil War, fourteen received the honor as a ... The order was issued March 23, 1865, but only a few African-American companies were raised, and the war ended before they could ... African-American soldiers participated in every major campaign of 1864-1865 except Shermans invasion of Georgia. The year 1864 ...
Ironclads: American Civil War Game Page. News (7). Downloads (4). User Reviews. Cheats, FAQS. ... Ironclads: American Civil War is a historical wargame/naval simulator with turned based tactics. Current of time inside of game ... Top Games: Euro Truck Simulator 2 , Call of Duty: World at War , Danys Virtual Drum , Perimeter , SpellForce 2: Shadow Wars , ...
... The approximately 10,455 military engagements, some devastating to human life and some nearly ... Detailed studies of Union and Confederate military casualties are found in Numbers and Losses in the Civil War in America 1861- ... 65 by Thomas L. Livermore (I901) and Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1867-1865 by William F. Fox (1889).. Source ... RETURN TO SHOTGUNS CIVIL WAR HOME PAGE. Part of the CivilWarTalk Network: CivilWarTalk.com - CivilWarWiki.net - ...
The Civil War was a crisis which Twain and Whitman observed as civilians-but then, the number of important American writers who ... Hardly a person in America was untouched by the Civil War, and Mark Twain and Walt Whitman were no exceptions. Because they ... Missives, one by Mark Twain, the other by Walt Whitman, reflect the impact of the Civil War on the nation. ... About American Heritage. American Heritage has been the leading magazine of U.S. history, politics, culture, and heritage ...
How to Appreciate the American Civil War. Just four years -- between 1860 and 1865 -- with close to 700,000 total killed, many ... Learn and understand how the American Civil War started. It is widely agreed upon that the American Civil War began with the ... Understanding the Present-Day Impacts of the American Civil War * 1. Learn and understand how the outcome of the American Civil ... Remember that the American Civil War was really not so long ago. It was one of the first major American wars to be photographed ...
African American Civil War Memorial and Museum. The bronze Spirit of Freedom statue and the Wall of Honor, which is etched with ... and after the Civil War. (The memorial is across the street at 1000 U St. NW.) ... and after the Civil War. (The memorial is across the street at 1000 U St. NW.) ... Across the street, the heartfelt museum relates the hardships and victories of African Americans before, during, ...
The Civil War era: The extension of slavery to new territories had been a subject of national political controversy since the ... By the end of the 1850s, the North feared complete control of the ... American Civil War: African American troops * Police brutality ... American Civil War: MichiganLearn about contributions Michiganders made to the Union cause during the American Civil War, ... Civil War Trust (A Britannica Publishing Partner). Reconstruction and after. As a result of the Union victory in the Civil War ...
Social Issues and Civil Unrest: 15 hours ago, 26 flags * Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Declares War on White, Moderate Democrats. ... Civil war is a messy thing, far more than any other armed conflict. It will split families apart, and often pit brother against ... If you look at the numerous conflicts in Africa, where civil wars have taken off, it is brutal to the general population. In ... While we, the citizens may know the answer to such, if we look back at history, with any and every revolution or civil war, ...
Under the drug war, Congress has once again moved to shut the gates of education to many African-Americans. Under The Higher ... Just as Jim Crow responded to emancipation by rolling back many of the newly gained rights of African-Americans, the drug war ... And there are many more racial dimensions of the drug war. African-Americans do not use drugs more than white people; whites ... Lincoln himself suspended the fundamental right to the Writ of Habeas Corpus, citing the exigencies of the Civil War as ...
... american-civil-war shelf: Ghost Station Zero by Antony Johnston, Bettie Page, Vol. 1 by David Avallone, James Bond: Kill Cha... ... More books shelved as spy,american-civil-war » « previous 1 2 3 4 next » ... The Secret War is a needed corrective to the many overly-laudatory books that deal with the various secret services. By most ... Kraken, a James Bond is sidelined after a botched job in South America, so he is assigned as a bodyguard to Hunt Enterprises at ...
We would like to honor the Chinese people who fought for freedom in this new country, the United States of America. ... This is an electronic Monument built by our group to commemorate the Chinese serving in the American Civil War. ... Edward Day Cohota, Chinese Civil War Veteran (Chinese immigrant who fought for freedom in America.) Chinese Served in Civil War ... Edward Day Cohota, a Chinese soldier serving in the American Civil War and the US-Native American War. ...
The Civil War While economic, cultural, and political differences between the North and South all played a role in the Civil ... The Civil War. Part 4: Narrative , Resource Bank Contents , Teachers Guide. Africans in America: Home , Resource Bank Index , ... After four years of fighting, and the death of 617,000 Americans, the Civil War came to a close with the surrender of the ... The end of the war marked the end of 250 years of slavery in North America and the beginning of a new era of freedom for ...
Not all the wounds left by the Civil War had healed entirely-civil wars cut deep-but at least the country had recognized itself ... The most dramatic and tragic moment of the American Civil War was the climactic point of Picketts charge at Gettysburg on the ... About American Heritage. American Heritage has been the leading magazine of U.S. history, politics, culture, and heritage ... Help us save American Heritage!. Please consider making a donation to re-launch the magazine,. and read information about our ...
Civil War to Civil Rights The Museums permanent exhibition portrays the extraordinary African American struggle for freedom in ... Slavery to Freedom: Civil War to Civil Rights The Museums permanent exhibition portrays the extraordinary African American ... To schedule a tour of the African American Civil War Museum, please call us at 202-667-2667 (groups of less than five need not ... If you have a love of history and working with people, becoming a docent volunteer for the African American Civil War Museum ...
  • Civil War (1861-65): Causes The election of the Republican Abraham Lincoln to the presidency in November 1860 triggered a chain of events that within six months shattered the Union and culminated in the outbreak of the Civil War. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Ohio-born William Tecumseh Sherman was named after the Shawnee chief Tecumseh who had tried to unite Ohio River Valley Native American tribes in the early 19th century. (history.com)
  • Millions of slaves were brought to America between the 17th and 19th centuries . (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the voices for the liberal ideal of personal freedom and civil liberty in the 19th century was the British economist and social philosopher, John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). (aier.org)
  • Skirmishers are known from ancient times, however, our point of interest are 19th Century skirmishers that were used in American Civil War period. (twcenter.net)
  • Conclusion for such a statement comes from contemporary military observers from Europe who, when witnessing French and Indian War, War of Independence, 19th Century Indian Wars and Mexican War, made term American way of fighting. (twcenter.net)
  • The African American Civil War Museum in Washington now plans to produce an electronic archive chronicling the lives of these soldiers, both before and after the war , shedding new light on life in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. (eogn.com)
  • Shauna Devine, Ph.D., discusses 19th Century microscopes and parasitic diseases and their treatments during the Civil War. (pbs.org)
  • He is the author of "The Epidemiologic Challenge to the Conduct of Just War: Confronting Indirect Civilian Casualties of War" (2017) and, with Gary Darmstadt, of "Confronting Stillbirths and Newborn Deaths in Areas of Conflict and Political Instability: A Neglected Global Imperative" (2015) and "Strategic Governance: Addressing Neonatal Mortality in Situations of Political Instability and Weak Governance" (2015). (amacad.org)
  • For the first time, many Americans, especially white Southerners, volunteered or were recruited into historical reenactment groups that performed pageants and re-creations of Civil War battles, field maneuvers, and encampments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Second, that the stories of African American soldiers are uninteresting because so few fought in battles. (jhu.edu)
  • In this blog post, Jabour explores the multitude of women who dressed as men to fight-and die-in all the major battles of the Civil War. (pbs.org)
  • Military records reveal that women fought-and died-in all the major battles of the Civil War, participating in clashes in Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Shiloh, and Vicksburg, among many others. (pbs.org)
  • Years after illustrating some of the most seismic battles of the Civil War, illustrator Theodore Davis tried to clarify the job's requirement. (rep-am.com)
  • By recounting the battles over the memory of the war during the last 140 years, the contributors offer important insights about our identities as individuals and as a nation. (iberlibro.com)
  • The other side will still win some battles, but we're winning the war," she suggests, perhaps simply in the hopes of a miracle. (naturalnews.com)
  • At Antietam-as with other Civil War battles-the most modern weaponry was employed, rifled muskets and long-range cannons that could lob a shell a mile distant. (warhistoryonline.com)
  • In that respect, the war was a test of the viability of majority rule - indeed, of democracy itself, as President Lincoln made clear in his famous address at Gettysburg . (nytimes.com)
  • Battle of Gettysburg have on the Civil War? (majortests.com)
  • Beecham, R. K. Gettysburg, The Pivotal Battle of the Civil War. (majortests.com)
  • Often the last words (or nearly last words), or otherwise memorable actions of men whose lives were tragically cut short at Gettysburg were recorded for posterity by comrades, or even opponents, who were fortunate to have survived this particular battle, if not the war. (civilwartalk.com)
  • It will appear more like the Yugoslavia break-up, or the Russian and Chinese civil wars of the 20th Century. (thesleuthjournal.com)
  • The world, as a whole, has advanced more than it has suffered during the turbulent 20th century because of the advancements of innovations and human right, despite the demolition of the two World Wars. (bartleby.com)
  • The 20th century inflicted the greatest suffering to the world with the devastation of two World Wars. (bartleby.com)
  • In these campaigns and his later push northward from Savannah through the Carolinas, Sherman's troops carried the war to the Southern home front and blazed a wide path of destruction that delivered the death blow to the Confederacy's will and ability to fight. (history.com)
  • The Library of Congress holds histories and pictures of most of the regiments of the United States Colored Troops as well as manuscript and published accounts by African American soldiers and their white officers, documenting their participation in the successful Union effort. (loc.gov)
  • Although some Union officers sent them back to their masters, others allowed them to remain with their troops, using them as a work force and dubbing them "contraband of war. (loc.gov)
  • The year 1864 was especially eventful for African-American troops. (nps.gov)
  • More than 200,000 African-Americans filled the 175 regiments of the United States Colored Troops (USCT), comprising approximately one-tenth of the Union's forces. (atlasobscura.com)
  • What made these two conflicts great for development of such tactics was primarily enemy (especially in Seven Years War) and lack of trained troops (War of Independence). (twcenter.net)
  • Camp William Penn, located just outside of Philadelphia in Cheltanham Township, was the first Union Army training camp exclusively for African American troops. (hsp.org)
  • A team of researchers has launched a project that is working to put online records of the United States Colored Troops-regiments of African American soldiers that included large numbers of men who had been slaves at the start of the Civil War. (eogn.com)
  • Like many other Civil War technologies, these weapons were available to Northern troops but not Southern ones: Southern factories had neither the equipment nor the know-how to produce them. (bartleby.com)
  • The direct costs relates to the expenditures of the governments, the losses from Cost Of The American Civil Warproperty destruction, and the loss of human capital from the casualties. (whatitcosts.com)
  • At any rate, these casualties exceed the nation's loss in all its other wars, from the Revolution through Vietnam. (angelfire.com)
  • This essay confronts the collision of two potential global threats: the outbreak of infectious pandemics and the outbreak and protraction of civil wars. (amacad.org)
  • While the impact of this outbreak in death, human suffering, and fear was catastrophic, this essay raises the question of what might the impact of an Ebola outbreak have been if it had occurred not in 2013 but in 2000, when Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia were embroiled in brutal civil wars. (amacad.org)
  • This question seems particularly relevant given that the 2013 Ebola outbreak exposed current global health structures as largely incapable of operating effectively in countries with poor health systems and weak governance, characteristics likely to be particularly apparent in areas plagued by protracted civil unrest. (amacad.org)
  • [iv] After the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, Dr. Franklin became more politically active. (albavolunteer.org)
  • Zalmond David Franklin, also known as Solomon or Zollie, was a student studying bacteriology at the University of Wisconsin at the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. (albavolunteer.org)
  • Additional related posts include the Britannica-produced video " Mr. Lincoln's War " (April 8), a Civil War-themed crossword puzzle by Britannica research editor John Cunningham (April 11), a film series by Greg McNamee, and a post by Britannica Executive Editor on the outbreak of the Civil War (April 12). (britannica.com)
  • If the general public does not support such actions, then if those who would advocate civil war or armed rebellion, and they are not convienced, then it is doomed to fail. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Con federate Armies was published by the U.S. War Department beginning in 1888. (questia.com)
  • The Official Records of the Union and Con federate Navies in the War of the Rebellion was published by the U.S. Navy Department from 1894 to 1922. (questia.com)
  • Some sought to return the slaves to their owners, but others kept the blacks within their lines and dubbed them "contraband of war. (loc.gov)
  • Both blacks and whites were outspoken about questions of race, civil rights, and full equality for the newly-freed population during the Civil War era. (loc.gov)
  • African American leaders such as author William Wells Brown , physician and author Martin R. Delany, and Douglass vigorously recruited blacks into the Union armed forces. (britannica.com)
  • Their participation challenged the prescribed notions of both race and gender and pushed the boundaries of the role of blacks in America," the site reads. (thegrio.com)
  • The book begins with official U.S. attitudes toward black soldiers in World War I and details the struggle up until the 1970s, when commissions found that blacks were still treated unfairly by a variety of measures, including promotions and the military justice system. (abebooks.com)
  • When the rebel states refused to rejoin the Union early in the American Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation and created African-American regiments in the Union Army and Navy. (atlasobscura.com)
  • British, who could see potent force of this style of war first-handed, adopted it in their military system by seasonally drafting light infantry regiments as temporary units during field operations. (twcenter.net)
  • Identification of regiments: During the Civil War, the dominant military organizational element was the regiment. (questia.com)
  • Perhaps the originator and the first practitioner of what the twentieth century came to know as "total war," William Tecumseh Sherman in 1864 commanded the Union armies of the West in the decisive drive from Chattanooga to Atlanta and the famous "march to the sea" across Georgia. (history.com)
  • The Civil War was also the nation's first "modern" war in that it witnessed the emergence of a variety of new military technologies. (nytimes.com)
  • thus the measure of survival was the nation's ability to pass beyond the horizon of durable anguish-as he expressed it in his letter to the Gray brothers, "how certain man, our American man … holds himself cool and unquestioned master above all pains and bloody mutilations. (americanheritage.com)
  • African Americans served in the Navy with great distinction and eight were awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor , the nation's highest honor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Growing Irish presence and political power in the nation's cities worried elite Americans such as the Boston Brahmins, who accepted the British aristocracy's view of the Irish as a superstitious, ignorant and volatile people who had to be kept under control, if not barred from the nation's door. (historynet.com)
  • Mary Edwards Walker, one of the nation's 1.8 million women veterans, was the only one to earn the Congressional Medal of Honor, for her service during the Civil War. (americancivilwar.com)
  • Learn and understand the outcome of the American Civil War, and how it affected the United States in the years following the Civil War. (wikihow.com)
  • While the American Civil War may have occurred over 150 years ago, the consequences of this cataclysm are still being observed to this day. (wikihow.com)
  • 4 While incarceration rates for non-drug crimes have remained remarkably stable over many decades, the drug war has provided a new, ever increasing supply of prisoners over the past 15 years. (aclu.org)
  • With the current momentum of the drug war fueling an ever expanding prison-industrial complex, if current trends continue, only 15 years remain before the United States incarcerates as many African-American men as were forced into chattel bondage at slavery's peak, in 1860. (aclu.org)
  • After years of hard work by various groups, the U.S. House of Representative passed this resolution honoring the contributions of Asian Americans & Pacific Islanders soldiers and Navy combatants during the U.S. Civil War, and the news was announced by the office of Congressman Mike Honda in July 30, 2008. (google.com)
  • But after two years of war, Lincoln began to reconsider the idea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those were the Seven Years War (French and Indian War) and American War of Independence. (twcenter.net)
  • In Seven Years War, British and their colonists faced French and their Indian allies forming Seven Nations of Canada (Mohawk, Abenaki, Huron and Onondaga). (twcenter.net)
  • Things that you use or do now, many Native Americans have been using and doing for thousands of years. (majortests.com)
  • One hundred and fifty years after the cataclysm of the American Civil War, we still tend to think of it in terms of black-and-white: the majority white soldiers and civilians, the minority African-American slaves. (cowboysindians.com)
  • In comics this trend has been going on even longer, whether it's the 2006 Civil War comic Marvel's latest is based on, the more recent Avengers vs X-Men miniseries or any number of one-off stories over the years where heroes turn on each other over temporary disagreements. (radiotimes.com)
  • The war lasted for four years. (exclusivepapers.com)
  • Mostly agricultural, to drive its economy southern aristocracy was infected with an enormous cancer that had grown from over Cost Of The American Civil War200 years of perpetuating the exploitation of human bondage. (whatitcosts.com)
  • Finally, after years of quasi-attempts to resolve their difference, in the end the Civil War was the only means to settle the long and bitter disputes that divided the two peoples. (whatitcosts.com)
  • While estimates have varied for years, the most comprehensive study on the costs of the Civil War was done in 1975 and 1978. (whatitcosts.com)
  • 422 ] regions over which the Federal government had established its authority during the last years which preceded the civil war. (tufts.edu)
  • Russian political commentator Dmitry Kosyrev says that the war has been raging in America for the last few years. (thesleuthjournal.com)
  • Three years into the Clone Wars, the Jedi rescue Palpatine from Count Dooku. (imdb.com)
  • In this blog post, Devine discusses the development of scientific medicine and professional practice during the Civil War years. (pbs.org)
  • On December 31, nine years later, the Turner Joy arrived in Subic Bay for resupply, then crossed the South China Sea and supported the South Vietnamese and American ground advances into North Vietnam by firing almost non-stop for the next twenty-eight days. (listverse.com)
  • How Well Do The Captain America Cast Know Their Marvel Abs? (mtv.co.uk)
  • Meanwhile, we can already assume the upcoming Civil War is likely to have little impact on the Marvel cinematic universe considering that they're all teaming up again for two-part epic Avengers: Infinity War, and the "great conflict" between the military oversight-favouring Iron Man and the libertarian-ish Captain America is hardly a well-developed, organic musing on governance that'll open all our minds to new ideas. (radiotimes.com)
  • With the triumph of the communists in the Chinese Civil War in 1949, the Soviet bloc had gained another formidable ally in the People's Republic of China. (britannica.com)
  • As Van Wyck Brooks points out, it was an opportunity to measure as never before the American people en masse, and the view that resulted was as confident as Twain's was pessimistic. (americanheritage.com)
  • People all over the United States accept the idea that we need to lock up our fellow citizens in service to a higher goal, this war we are fighting. (aclu.org)
  • A four part series portraying the struggles of the African people in America, from their arrival in the 1600s to the last days before the Civil War. (berkeley.edu)
  • Art such as this does a great job showing people what the U.S. Civil War was like. (rep-am.com)
  • But all of this is now progressively spilling over into all areas of civil society, which has many people worried. (naturalnews.com)
  • In The Face of War , Gellhorn wrote about ordinary people during war, soldiers and civilians: "what was new and prophetic about the war in Spain was the life of the civilians, who stayed at home and had war brought to them. (albavolunteer.org)
  • Two thousand eight hundred North Americans volunteered to defend the Republic of Spain during the Spanish Civil War, but few people know that many of the volunteers were African Americans. (alba-valb.org)
  • People hate President Trump so much that they're hoping for the downfall of America, the start of war and the collapse of our economy so that he looks bad. (lawenforcementtoday.com)
  • levels with positive Fluid people have those packed in the perovskite-based download african americans confront, the certain group starsFour, and the early and AVPV forms. (marbleservices.com)
  • The division in America has become so dramatic over the past year that many people can only foresee it heading one place: Civil War. (thesleuthjournal.com)
  • Many people believe these extremist "sides" are made up of professional provocateurs and do not reflect the true feelings of Americans. (thesleuthjournal.com)
  • This classic war memoir, first published in 1920, is based on the author's extensive diaries describing hard combat experienced on the Western Front during World War I. It has been greatly admired by people as diverse as Bertolt Brecht and Andre Gide, and from every part of the political spectrum. (audible.com)
  • You directly are download the american civil war in the and on the any- character, the integration, and the superstructures of people that the free online family comes issued produced. (src-reservestudy.com)
  • The National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP) was an important organization that sponsored civil rights law suits and lobbied for the African-American rights. (worldatlas.com)
  • download the american civil war people within 1-3 performance original in sediment to reporting Children are the revisions in the apparent and usual queries of page views under marital waves and supply statisticians. (novelle.com)
  • At the time of the Civil War, metallurgy and other supporting technologies had just recently evolved to a point allowing the large scale production of rifled field artillery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because they were perhaps the most distinctly "American" writers of their time, their reactions to the conflict are particularly interesting. (americanheritage.com)
  • It is not until Americans are convinced (will take a long, long time) the government is acting in their best interests alone that they will have any chance of success. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • In a time before modern condoms and antibiotics, venereal disease was both seen as an inevitable consequence of war and the fault of prostitutes. (history.com)
  • This was a process that took some considerable time but will be perfected in North America. (twcenter.net)
  • By the time the Civil War started, Indians in settled regions experienced the conflict as members of larger communities whose movements they did not control. (cowboysindians.com)
  • Some may not know how much of a part African-Americans played in the Civil War, but the National Library of Medicine has produced an exhibit to shed light on their work in the health field during that time. (thegrio.com)
  • This volume collects twelve essays by leading Civil War scholars who demonstrate how the meanings of the Civil War have changed over time. (iberlibro.com)
  • Such a desire was not ignored in America nor England during the Industrial Revolution, but, rather, was seen by many as an opportune investment during a time of extraordinarily progressive innovation. (bartleby.com)
  • The American Civil War: When Time Ran Out , by David Zarefsky , Owen L. Coon Professor Emeritus of Argumentation and Debate and Professor Emeritus of Communication Studies, Northwestern University. (britannica.com)
  • So when World War I broke out, the European powers were forced to contend with each other not just in the bloody trenches - but in the treacherous jungle. (audible.com)