American Civil War: 1861-1865 conflict between the Union (Northern states) and the 11 Southern states that seceded and were organized as the Confederate States of America.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Liberia: A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and east of COTE D'IVOIRE. Its capital is Monrovia.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Military Nursing: The practice of nursing in military environments.ArchivesAngola: A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.New YorkGulf War: United Nations' action to intervene in conflict between the nation of Kuwait and occupying Iraqi forces, occurring from 1990 through 1991.Sudan: A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Deception: The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Video Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)EncyclopediasDictionaries, MedicalHospitals, County: Hospitals controlled by the county government.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.MuseumsArchitecture as Topic: The art and science of designing buildings and structures. More generally, it is the design of the total built environment, including town planning, urban design, and landscape architecture.Washington

Alexander Thomas Augusta--physician, teacher and human rights activist. (1/11)

Commissioned surgeon of colored volunteers, April 4, 1863, with the rank of Major. Commissioned regimental surgeon on the 7th Regiment of U.S. Colored Troops, October 2, 1863. Brevet Lieutenant Colonel of Volunteers, March 13, 1865, for faithful and meritorious services--mustered out October 13, 1866. So reads the tombstone at Arlington National Cemetery of Alexander Thomas Augusta, the first black surgeon commissioned in the Union Army during the Civil War and the first black officer-rank soldier to be buried at Arlington Cemetery. He was also instrumental in founding the institutions that later became the hospital and medical college of Howard University and the National Medical Association.  (+info)

Physical and mental health costs of traumatic war experiences among Civil War veterans. (2/11)

BACKGROUND: Hundreds of thousands of soldiers face exposure to combat during wars across the globe. The health effects of traumatic war experiences have not been adequately assessed across the lifetime of these veterans. OBJECTIVE: To identify the role of traumatic war experiences in predicting postwar nervous and physical disease and mortality using archival data from military and medical records of veterans from the Civil War. DESIGN: An archival examination of military and medical records of Civil War veterans was conducted. Degree of trauma experienced (prisoner-of-war experience, percentage of company killed, being wounded, and early age at enlistment), signs of lifetime physician-diagnosed disease, and age at death were recorded. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The US Pension Board surgeons conducted standardized medical examinations of Civil War veterans over their postwar lifetimes. Military records of 17,700 Civil War veterans were matched to postwar medical records. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Signs of physician-diagnosed disease, including cardiac, gastrointestinal, and nervous disease; number of unique ailments within each disease; and mortality. RESULTS: Military trauma was related to signs of disease and mortality. A greater percentage of company killed was associated with signs of postwar cardiac and gastrointestinal disease (incidence risk ratio [IRR], 1.34; P < .02), comorbid nervous and physical disease (IRR, 1.51; P < .005), and more unique ailments within each disease (IRR, 1.14; P < .005). Younger soldiers (<18 years), compared with older enlistees (>30 years), showed a higher mortality risk (hazard ratio, 1.52), signs of comorbid nervous and physical disease (IRR, 1.93), and more unique ailments within each disease (IRR, 1.32) (P < .005 for all), controlling for time lived and other covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Greater exposure to death of military comrades and younger exposure to war trauma were associated with increased signs of physician-diagnosed cardiac, gastrointestinal, and nervous disease and more unique disease ailments across the life of Civil War veterans. Physiological mechanisms by which trauma might result in disease are discussed.  (+info)

Prevalence of major eye diseases among US Civil War veterans, 1890-1910. (3/11)

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Antietam: aspects of medicine, nursing and the civil war. (4/11)

Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia met the Army of the Potomac under George B. McClellan at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland on September 17, 1862. Before the day was done, nearly 23,000 men were killed, wounded, or missing, memorializing Antietam as the bloodiest single day in American military history. Dr. Jonathan Letterman, the Medical Director of the Army of the Potomac, Clara Barton, the "Angel of the Battlefield," and Dr. Hunter McGuire, Chief Surgeon to and Medical Director of General Stonewall Jackson's Corps, were among the nursing and medical personnel engaged on that historic day. These three individuals provided medical and nursing care to the casualties at Antietam (and other Civil War battles), but perhaps more importantly, developed systems of casualty management that brought order and humanity to the battlefield. These models of care continue today in modern military medicine.  (+info)

Fertility in New York State in the pre-Civil War era. (5/11)

Knowledge is quite limited about the extent and social correlates of marital fertility decline for the United States in the early part of the nineteenth century. Manuscripts from the New York State census of 1865 indicate a very slow decline in marital fertility during the initial decades of the nineteenth century and more rapid decline as the Civil War approached. Little evidence of fertility control within marriage is found for the very oldest women in the sample, but analysis of parity progression ratios indicates that some control had emerged by the midpoint of the nineteenth century. Fertility decline was most evident in the urban, more economically developed areas, but our data also indicate that the limited availability of agricultural land may have affected the transition. While a marital fertility transition occurred in nineteenth-century New York, many couples in various geographic areas and social strata continued to have quite high levels of fertility, indicating difficulties that were probably faced in controlling reproduction.  (+info)

Clinical risk and judicial reasoning: Eugene F. Sanger, AM, MD, 1829-1897. (6/11)

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Occupational career and risk of mortality among US Civil War veterans. (7/11)

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Prejudice & policy: racial discrimination in the Union Army disability pension system, 1865-1906. (8/11)

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*Deception

2001). Deception in War. John Murray. ISBN 978-0-7195-5605-0. Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. The Journal of ... According to the Scientific American, "nine out of ten online daters will fib about their height, weight, or age" such that men ... Deceit and dishonesty can also form grounds for civil litigation in tort, or contract law (where it is known as ... Example: Depicting an act of war (an attack) as a "peace" mission or "spinning" a kidnapping as a protective custody. Example: ...

*American Civil War spies

The African American in the Civil War. Boston, Little, Brown, 1953. Rose, P. K., Black Dispatches: Black American Contributions ... Tactical or battlefield intelligence became very vital to both armies in the field during the American Civil War. Units of ... The most useful military intelligence of the American Civil War was probably provided to Union officers by slaves and smugglers ... Fishel, E. C., The Secret War for The Union: The Untold Story of Military Intelligence in the Civil War. Boston, Houghton ...

*Ironclads: American Civil War

... is a 3D naval historical turned-based strategy game based on the American Civil War. The player ... "Ironclads: American Civil War". SimHQ. January 8, 2009. Archived from the original on May 12, 2016. Retrieved May 12, 2016. " ... "Ironclads: American Civil War". metacritic. Archived from the original on May 12, 2016. Retrieved May 12, 2016. Official ... sloops-of-war, gunboats and screw commerce raiders. The player is tasked with destroying the opponent's ships, coastal ...

*American Civil War Centennial

The American Civil War Centennial was the official United States commemoration of the American Civil War, also known as the War ... American Civil War reenactment Lost Cause of the Confederacy Robert J. Cook, Troubled Commemoration: The American Civil War ... One major legacy of the Civil War Centennial was the creation of an infrastructure of Civil War reenactment. At least two major ... the American Civil War centennial, 1961-1965 (2007). Review by Thomas J. Brown, Reviews in American History (2008) 36#2 pp 270- ...

*American Civil War Museum

Boyd, Scott C. (February-March 2014). "'American Civil War Museum' Is The Name For Richmond Civil War Entity". Civil War News. ... "American Civil War Museum, Our History". "American Civil War Museum, Nov 5 2014 Expansion". Confederate Memorial Literary ... The American Civil War Museum is a multi-site museum in the Greater Richmond Region of central Virginia, dedicated to the ... The museum operates three sites: The Museum and White House of the Confederacy and the American Civil War Center at Historic ...

*Contraband (American Civil War)

Slavery during the American Civil War Port Royal Experiment Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of ... Contraband was a term commonly used in the United States military during the American Civil War to describe a new status for ... The status of southern-owned slaves after Confederate states had engaged in the American Civil War became an issue early in ... Many were assisted by missionary teachers recruited from the North by the American Missionary Association and other groups who ...

*Union (American Civil War)

The War Was You and Me: Civilians in the American Civil War (2001), Fellman, Michael et al. This Terrible War: The Civil War ... American Civil War Confederate States of America American Civil War prison camps Stampp, Kenneth M. (1980). "The Concept of a ... Life in the North during the Civil War: A Source History (1966) Voss-Hubbard, Mark, ed. Illinois's War: The Civil War in ... The Negro's Civil War (1982); first edition was The Negro's Civil War: How American Negroes Felt and Acted During the War for ...

*America's Civil War

... is a full-color history magazine published bi-monthly which covers the American Civil War. It was ... America's Civil War, along with its sister publication Civil War Times, is published in Leesburg, Virginia, by the Weider ... "About America's Civil War Magazine". Weider History Network. Retrieved May 19, 2014. Magazine website. ... and common soldiers of the Civil War. It contains thought-provoking essays on the way the war is remembered today as well as ...

*Mud March (American Civil War)

The Mud March was an abortive offensive in January 1863 by Union Army Major General Ambrose Burnside in the American Civil War ... The Civil War Dictionary. New York: McKay, 1988. ISBN 0-8129-1726-X. First published 1959 by McKay. Furgurson, Ernest B. ... U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. ... As Cochrane himself had been a congressman at the start of the war, he had political connections and thus got in a meeting with ...

*African American Civil War Memorial

... and Museum, Official Website, 2011, accessed 21 July 2011 African American Civil War ... portal American Civil War portal District of Columbia portal Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War ... and uniforms and weaponry of the Civil War. The African American Civil War Memorial Registry at the museum documents the family ... Ed Hamilton Official Web Site Spirit of Freedom Inventory of American Sculpture Survey "African Americans and the Civil War", ...

*Border states (American Civil War)

Last Rebel of the Civil War (2002) Joseph T. Glatthaar, The American Civil War: The War in the West, 1863-1865 (2001) p. 27-28 ... The Civil War in Kentucky University Press of Kentucky, 1975. Josephy, Alvin M. Jr., The Civil War in the American West. 1991. ... Inside War: The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri in the American Civil War. (1989) ISBN 0-19-506471-2, p. 25 "The Lawrence ... Inside War. The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri during the American Civil War (1989). Fields, Barbara. Slavery and Freedom on ...

*American Civil War Corps Badges

Corps badges in the American Civil War were originally worn by soldiers of the Union Army on the top of their army forage cap ( ... Designs of Civil War Corps Badges Union Corps Badges. ...

*John Ritchie (American Civil War)

... and would serve in the American Civil War, in the 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. In 1866, Ritchie married his ... Ritchie served as a 1st Lieutenant of the 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry during the US Civil War. He is listed ... Duncan, edited by Russell (1999). Blue-eyed child of fortune : the Civil War letters of Colonel Robert Gould Shaw (Pbk. ed.). ... The National Civil Service Reform League, the Boston Civil Service Reform Association, the Citizen's Association of Boston, the ...

*Slavery during the American Civil War

Love and ambition in the civil war South. Oxford University Press, 2004. Glatthaar, Joseph T. "The" New" Civil War History: An ... In the war, both sides used African Americans for military purposes; in the South as slave labor and in the north as wage labor ... Slavery played the central role during the American Civil War. The primary catalyst for secession was slavery, especially ... Fountain, Daniel L. Slavery, Civil War, and Salvation: African American Slaves and Christianity, 1830-1870. LSU Press, 2010. - ...

*Salt in the American Civil War

Encyclopedia Of The American Civil War (W. W. Norton & Company, 2002) pp.708 Davis, William. The Civil War and Reconstruction ... Salt was a crucial resource during the American Civil War. Salt not only preserved food in the days before refrigeration, but ... Kennedy, Frances (1998). The Civil War Battlefield Guide. Houghton Mifflin Books. p. 588. ISBN 978-0-395-74012-5. OCLC 39108553 ... Confederate law made those involved in salt-making immune to being drafted, making it a popular profession in war-time Florida ...

*Campaigns of the American Civil War

... ) The Civil War campaign streamers are equally divided with blue and gray. Units that ... The campaigns of the American Civil War are categorized in various ways. The U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry has identified 25 ... Joined together they represent the unification of the country after the Civil War. The following inscriptions in yellow, shown ... An alternative campaign categorization is that of the National Park Service, charged with maintaining Civil War battlefields ...

*Cleveland in the American Civil War

Ohio in the American Civil War Cleveland Civil War Roundtable Cleveland Civil War Roundtable website Condon, George E., ... Cleveland, Ohio, was an important Northern city during the American Civil War. It provided thousands of troops to the Union ... nor were all convinced that a civil war would resolve ideological differences between North and South. As the 1860 election ... The Civil War years brought an economic boom to Cleveland. The city made the transition from a small town to an industrial ...

*Catawba in the American Civil War

American Civil War portal Cherokee in the American Civil War Choctaw in the American Civil War Seminole in the American Civil ... In 1900, the Catawba was honored by a monument for their service during the American Civil War. One son whose father was in the ... An elderly Catawba who lived through the American Civil War noted that a "good many [Catawba Indians] went, about 20." The ... The Catawba in the American Civil War participated in the Eastern Theater. From the very beginning, the Catawba allied ...

*Uniforms of the American Civil War

1986) American Civil War armies: Volunteer militia Osprey ISBN 978-0-85045-679-0 Spencer, John D. (2006) The American Civil War ... This article covers military uniforms during the American Civil War (1861-1865). During the years 1860-1865 there were three ... Styles used were traditional similar to those used in the Napoleonic Wars, a regimental dress such as used during the American ... At the onset of the war the Confederate States Army uniforms were highly varied as the majority were made at home. Between 1861 ...

*Kentucky in the American Civil War

... in the American Civil War Indiana in the American Civil War Missouri in the American Civil War Ohio in the American Civil War ... Civil War Virginia in the American Civil War West Virginia in the American Civil War Western Theater of the American Civil War ... American Civil War generals Timeline of Kentucky in the American Civil War Kentucky's adjacent states in the American Civil War ... in the American Civil War Lexington, Kentucky, in the American Civil War Timeline of Kentucky history Border states (American ...

*Ghosts of the American Civil War

There is speculation over the existence of ghosts from the American Civil War. Among the locales that have become famous for ... ISBN 1-56414-764-9 Scott p. 70 Scott pp.116, 117 Coleman, Christopher K. Ghosts and Haunts of the Civil War (Nashville: ... 1-IV (Gettysburg: self published). Roberts, Nancy Civil War Ghosts and Legends (Columbia,SC: Univ. SC Press, 1992). Hertzog, ... The Battle of Gettysburg was the largest battle in North America. It has many ghost stories. The Soldiers' Orphanage cellar is ...

*Michigan in the American Civil War

Michigan in the Civil War (2004). 239 pp. Bratt, Peter. "A Great Revolution in Feeling: The American Civil War in Niles and ... Michigan and the Civil War Years, 1860-1866: A Wartime Chronicle (Michigan Civil War Centennial Observance Commission, 1964), p ... Michigan made a substantial contribution to the Union during the American Civil War. While the state itself was far removed ... The American Civil War in Niles and Grand Rapids, Michigan," Michigan Historical Review (2005) 31#2 pp 43-66. Bak, Richard. A ...

*Photographers of the American Civil War

The American Civil War (1861-65) was the fifth war in history to be photographed, the first four being the Mexican-American War ... The American Civil War was the first war in history, whose intimate reality would be brought home to the public, not only in ... 261 Center for Civil War Photography - The only clearinghouse for information about Civil War photography on the Internet. ... the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The number of Civil War photographs that are available contrasts sharply with the scarcity ...

*Cherokee in the American Civil War

... the American Civil War Catawba in the American Civil War Choctaw in the American Civil War Seminole in the American Civil War ... American Civil War portal Indian Territory in the American Civil War Native Americans in ... The Cherokee in the American Civil War were active in Trans-Mississippi and Western Theaters. In the east, Confederate ... American Indians in the Civil War. The Free Press. p. 42. ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) Rozema p.48 Rozema p.49 Hauptman ...

*Rifles in the American Civil War

The American Civil War: A Military History. Vintage Books. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-307-27314-7. Barnett, Bertram. "Civil War Small ... When the American Civil War broke out in April 1861, neither the North (about 360,000 small arms) nor the South (about 240,000 ... C.W. Cason, Civil War Re-enactor and Historian. Bilby, Joseph (2005). Civil War Firearms: Their Historical Background and ... "Civil War Firearms: Their Historical Background and Tactical Use" By Joseph G. Bilby Smith, G. (2011). Civil War Weapons. New ...

*Chen Houei-kuen

September 23, 2000, Chen Shui-bian to move America into the house of God, the exhibition "Wulai Waterfall." 66.2001, the 11th ... five years of post-war Taiwan Art" exhibition, on display "Verde" 74.2003 on April 19 - June 15, Taipei Fine Arts Museum hosted ... ", "civil and military Taying Court." 59.1998, the National Art fifteenth, painting exhibition "Jialing." 60.1999, the art ...

*Canada in the American Civil War

Civil War Bahamas in the American Civil War France in the American Civil War Foreign enlistment in the American Civil War Jones ... Canada Civil War Association "American Civil War" The Canadian Encyclopedia. Canadians in the American Civil War Franco- ... "Civil War, Culture War: French Quebec and the American War between the States" (2001) Bourne (1961) Desmond Morton (2009). A ... "Civil War, Culture War: French Quebec and the American War between the States," Catholic Historical Review. Volume: 87. Issue: ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about American Civil War at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about American Civil War easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Remembering the American Civil War - Picturing the war: Photography was still relatively new both as a technology and as an art form when the Civil War began, yet the prolific efforts of wartime photographers left a legacy of thousands of images that continue to provide
The African American Civil War Memorial honors the service of 208,943 soldiers during the Civil War, including 7,000 white officers under whom they served. The site is located at the north entrance to the U Street Metro Station and is across the street from the African American Civil War Museum. The site design has the traditional flavor of other Washington, D.C. memorials located on and around the National Mall. The memorial was designed by architect Edward Dunson, landscape architect Paul Devrouax, and sculptor Ed Hamilton ...
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Every war is different, but the principle similarity between the American Civil War and Americas role in the Iraq war is the underlying goal of freeing the oppressed.. Another similarity is the relentless opposition by some short-sighted Americans to the unselfish cause of liberation.. The election of 2006 was nothing like the election of 1864. The 2006 election did not choose a president.. The election two years ago had similarities to 1864. In 1864, the Democrats put up a candidate for president who was willing to abandon the idea of freeing the slaves, as long as the South rejoined the Union. In 2004, the Democrats nominated a candidate whose definition of "success" in the Iraq war excluded the idea of leaving a democracy where there had been tyranny.. In the Civil War, Lincoln initially made no goal of liberating the slaves. In his 1861 inaugural address, he specifically said he had no intention of ending slavery in states where it existed. Though everyone knew Lincoln was morally opposed ...
News about the American Civil War (1861-1865). Commentary and archival information about the United State Civil War (1861-1865) from The New York Times.
Anaconda plan: Military strategy proposed by Union General Winfield Scott early in the American Civil War. The plan called for a naval blockade of the Confederate littoral, a thrust down the...
The American Civil War by John Keegan available in on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews. For the past half century, John Keegan, the greatest military historian of our time, has been...
The African American Civil War Memorial is a self-guided experience. For in depth information, consult the on-site interpretive wayside panel or contact a park ranger at 202.426.6841.. ...
Find out more about the history of the American Civil War, including videos, articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on History.com.
Download this American Civil War Richmond Virginia vector illustration now. And search more of the webs best library of royalty-free vector art from iStock.
This is an electronic Monument built by our group to commemorate the Chinese serving in the American Civil War. We would like to honor the Chinese people who fought for freedom in this new country, the United States of America.
... was the most difficult time in our nations history. At times it was neighbor against neighbor and brother against brother. The issues of states rights and slavery separated the Union of states.
Ironclads: American Civil War is a historical wargame/naval simulator with turned based tactics. Current of time inside of game is broken into rounds. Within the limits of each round in consecutive sequence the player and the computer opponent can realize all actions possible within five minutes of real time for each of the ships. During the moment of actions of the chosen active ship all other game units are motionless. Time for decision-making is not limited. Game locations of real scales are not divided into cells or hexagons. The trajectory of movement of the active ship is determined by laws of physics proceeding from speed, the sizes and the form ...
Glaucoma provides an example of the lack of understanding of disease processes in the early 20th century. The term glaucoma appeared in ophthalmologic reference books of the period, and it was one of the listed diagnoses the board of surgeons could apply following their examinations of pension applicants; but the consequences of glaucoma were not understood then. There are 2 chief reasons for the rarity of reported glaucoma: (1) The disease was thought to be very uncommon and (2) the relationship between glaucoma and the optic nerve was not well understood. Fuchs38 wrote in 1898 that glaucoma accounted for less than 1% of all eye diseases. In 1900, Deyl and Sattlers42 chapter "Diseases of the Optic Nerve" in Norris and Olivers System of Diseases of the Eye made no reference to glaucoma, though some connection with the optic disc was mentioned in Smiths43 chapter on glaucoma in the same volume. Fuchs38 identified excavation of the optic nerve as the cause of blindness in advanced glaucoma but ...
Cet article est une ébauche concernant lhistoire et les États-Unis. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en laméliorant (comment ?) selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. The Organization and Administration of the Union Army, 1861-1865 (en français, LOrganisation et ladministration de larmée de lUnion, 1861-1865) est un livre écrit par lhistorien américain Fred Albert Shannon. Cet ouvrage étudie lhistoire de larmée de lUnion, le recrutement et lenrôlement de ses soldats, durant la Guerre de Sécession. Publié en 1928, il vaut à son auteur le prix Pulitzer dHistoire en 1929 et le prix Justin Winsor de lAmerican Historical Association. The Organization and Administration of the Union Army, 1861-1865, 2 volumes, Cleveland, Arthur H. Clark Co, 1928, 323 p. et 348 p. (en) Cet article est partiellement ou en totalité issu de larticle de Wikipédia en anglais intitulé « The Organization and Administration of the Union Army, 1861-1865 » (voir la liste des ...
This data collection was designed to compare the differences between adult white males rejected by the Union Army and those accepted into the Union Army. Information includes each persons first and last name, date, place, and term of enlistment, place of birth, military identification number, occupation before enlistment, age at enlistment, and height. Summary of physical conditions, international classification of diseases code, and reason for rejection also are presented.. ...
... CSC 1985 SUBJECT AREA History WAR SINCE 1945 SEMINAR AND SYMPOSIUM THE GREEK CIVIL WAR 1943 - 1949 Major Jeffrey C. Kotora, USMC 26 April 1985 Marine Corps Command and Staff College Marine Corps Development and Education Command Quantico, Virginia 22314 ABSTRACT Author: Kotora, Jeffrey C., Major, USMC Title: The Greek Civil War, 1943-1949 Date: April 26, 1985 Since the end of the Second World War, the frequency with which nations have fallen victim to communist insurgencies has not abated. Why have some nations been able to resist while others succumbed to wars of national liberation? The object of this paper is to examine one such conflict with a view towards analyzing the events of the war and the causative factors that made it a successful counterinsurgency. This study of the Greek Civil War begins with a dis- cussion of the roots of the conflict in the German occupation of Greece in 1941. Included in this discussion is the growth of the resistance and the rise ...
Jackson, Ronald Vern. Civil War Veterans Listed in the 1890 Census. New Jersey 1890. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1990. (Family History Library book 974.9 X22j 1890.) This contains the names of Civil War veterans and their widows for the special census taken along with the Federal 1890 census (Family History Library films 338200-2). The soldiers rank, company, regiment, date of enlistment, date of discharge, length of service, P. O. address and often street address, disability incurred, and remarks such as death date and place are given. If the soldier died before the 1890 census, his name is given with the name of the widow ...
Jackson, Ronald Vern. Civil War Veterans Listed in the 1890 Census. New Jersey 1890. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1990. (Family History Library book 974.9 X22j 1890.) This contains the names of Civil War veterans and their widows for the special census taken along with the Federal 1890 census (Family History Library films 338200-2). The soldiers rank, company, regiment, date of enlistment, date of discharge, length of service, P. O. address and often street address, disability incurred, and remarks such as death date and place are given. If the soldier died before the 1890 census, his name is given with the name of the widow ...
WATCHUNG RESERVATION - Trailside Nature and Science Center is pleased to announce a musical program, "Songs of the Civil War: History and Myth," for adults 18 years and older, on Thursday evening, February 13. Sponsored by the Union County Board of Chosen Freeholders and the Department of Parks and Recreation, this educational and entertaining program will take place at Maskers Barn in the Deserted Village of Feltville from 7:30 to 8:30 p.m. "Through music and song, this program will transport you dramatically to the Civil War era and offer a greater understanding of the period," said Freeholder Chairman Christopher Hudak.. Lisa Wilkins and Chuck Winch will sing both authentic Civil War era songs and original compositions to explore how popular songs shaped and reflected the sentiments and events of the time. Dressed in period clothing, their unique presentation illustrates how these songs continue to resonate emotionally among those interested in the Civil War and American history.. Sign Up ...
League City resident hopes dioramas spark interest in Civil War battles FACES IN THE CROWD$LINEBREAK$David Williford constructs scale models of key conflicts Since suffering a stroke about six years ago, League City resident David Williford , has been working on detailed dioramas depicting key moments from the Civil War. Two of his pieces are on display at the Museum of Southern History in Houston Baptist Universitys Cultural Arts Center. The damage from his stroke made the work challenging, Williford said, but he managed to create the scenes with exhaustive attention to detail. Kraig White, a volunteer at the Civil War Museum, said hes working on arrangements now to transport a third diorama from Willifords house to the museum in Spring. The Civil War dioramas, meanwhile, were a positive use of his energy and a way to share something he loves with others.
Staying with a musical setting was a look at a Civil War Era American composer. On December 30, 1939 the Hollywood version of the life of composer Stephen Collins Foster was released entitled "Swanee River". The basic plot has Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania born Foster becoming a song writer, against the wishes of his parents, falling in love with the South and "Its simple people" Then meeting and marrying a "southern belle" named Jane McDowell. When the Civil War breaks out he is branded a traitor to the Union, because of the music he has written. He takes to drinking heavily, his wife leaves him, but two years later returns to encourage him to write "Old Folks At Home (Swanee River)". However, Stephen Foster dies of a heart attack on the night Edwin P. Christy of "Christys Minstrels" is to perform that song to a New York City audience. The film ends with the audience being told of his death and Stephen Foster being recognized in the North once more for his music ...
Find out more about the history of Spying in the Civil War, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on HISTORY.com
A team of researchers has launched a project that is working to put online records of the United States Colored Troops-regiments of African American soldiers that included large numbers of men who had been slaves at the start of the Civil War. In 1862, the Union Army officially created the United States Colored Troops (USCT)-regiments…
I ride over the battle-field. In one place a caisson and five horses are lying, the latter killed in harness, and all fallen together. Nationals and Confederates, young, middle-aged, and old, are scattered over the woods and fields for miles. Poor Wright, of my old company, lay at the barricade in the woods which we stormed on the night of the last day. Many others lay about him. Further on we find men with their legs shot off; one with brains scooped out with a cannon ball; another with half a face gone; another with entrails protruding; young Winnegard, of the Third, has one foot off and both legs pierced by grape at the thighs; another boy lies with his hands clasped above his head, indicating that his last words were a prayer. Many Confederate sharpshooters lay behind stumps, rails, and logs, shot in the head. A young boy, drCivil War Dead horse essed in the Confederate uniform, lies with his face turned to the sky, and looks as if he might be sleeping. Poor boy! what thoughts of home, ...
Lehigh county, Pennsylvania 1883 Civil War pension roll. Pensioners from Civil War and War of 1812. Hundreds of free Pennsylvania Civil War rosters and muster rolls, regimental histories and Medal of Honor Recipients.
Historian Pete Carmichael describes the process of finding, burying, and reburying the dead after battles. He also discusses the significance of having a "decent burial," and efforts to lay soldiers to rest in military cemeteries in the years after the war. This video is part of the Civil War Trusts In4 video series, which presents short videos on basic Civil War topics ...
This remarkable passage from Reflections of a Civil War Medical Cadet, page 73, is almost commonplace throughout the book. Richard M. Reid, author of Practicing Medicine in a Black Regiment: The Civil War Diary of Burt G. Wilder, 55th Massachusetts, continues to mine the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections of Cornell University Library for Civil War surgeon Burt Wilder s never before published manuscripts. This fascinating volume cover s Wilder s early service as a medical cadet.. During July 1862, Wilder left Boston to join Dr. Francis Brown, a surgeon working at Judiciary Square Hospital, one of the initial pavilion-style hospitals in Washington, D.C. He had neared the end of a Harvard course of study in comparative anatomy and had offered to serve as a friend s military substitute. Brown s offer of hospital duty was quite appealing to Wilder.. He left Boston on July 15 and was soon serving as a medical cadet in training. Immersed by the wounded from the Peninsula Campaign, nearly ...
Please join the Civil War Trust in preserving our threatened Civil War battlefields. Your tax-deductible gift will help us to preserve this irreplaceable hallowed ground - forever.. To make a gift by mail, send your check made out to Civil War Trust to 1140 Professional Court Hagerstown, MD 21740. To make a gift by phone call 1-888-606-1400.. To help save a specific battlefield visit our Save a Battlefield page » ...
Downloadable! This paper studies the incidence of civil war over time. We put forward a canonical model of civil war, which relates the incidence of conflict to circumstances, institutions and features of the underlying economy and polity. We use this model to derive testable predictions and to interpret the cross-sectional and times-series variations in civil conflict. Our most novel empirical finding is that higher world market prices of exported, as well as imported, commodities are strong and significant predictors of higher within-country incidence of civil war.
This study asks why the civil war in Afghanistan persists. Put slightly differently, what is preventing the state/government from achieving outright victory, against the rebel organization/forces? A central theme in civil war research is that `weak states? are especially prone to (prolonged) civil war; state-weakness seems to be the variable around which there is the most theoretical agreement. There is a strong sense that state failure ? whether defined as failure to monopolize legitimate violence or failure to deliver development, good governance and basic services ? is a principal driver of contemporary civil conflicts, often resulting in prolonged crises. In investigating the puzzle, the study tests the weak state thesis. The study explores the relationship between state-weakness and the particularities of insufficient institutional capacity (including governance) in the conflict-ridden country of Afghanistan. The study argues state-weakness deprives the state/government from ensuring a ...
NOTE: For more information on Wisconsin Veterans of the Civil War and World Wars I and II, check the Wisconsin Veterans Museum They have a database of all WI Civil War Veterans and will do look-ups. If you are able, please send a small donation with your look-up request and SASE to: Wisconsin Veterans Museum, 30 West Mifflin Street, Madison, WI 53703 Then, use the information found on this page or from the Wisconsin Veterans Museum, and send for your ancestors pension and service records from the National Archives. Check here for information on cost of copies and how to submit your request: National Archives Forms ...
Bulletin Board: A Post From the Community | The Fullersburg Historic Foundation presents a Living History Program, Leslie Goddard in a first-person portrayal of Civil War Nurse, Clara Barton, Saturday, August 24th, 1:30 pm at the Oak Brook Public Library. History will come alive in the talented hands of historian Leslie Goddard, who will introduce Barton, the first woman to serve as a nurse on the front lines of a battlefield, as a tireless worker who faced remarkable challenges in her quest to care for wounded soldiers. Learn about the medical conditions during the American Civil War and about the courage required for a woman who dared to ...
Thousands of children were directly involved in the Civil War. Older boys served as soldiers. Many younger boys were also invoved, some boys as young as 11 years old. The younger boys generlly served as drummer or buggle boys. Commonly the drummer and buggle boys were 13-15 years of age. Both the Confederate and Union soldiers tried to look after the younger boys. In major engagements they were often sent to the rear when charges into fortifications were planned. In some cases they had to be forced to the rear crying. Such a scene is portrayed in the movie Glory. In addition, over 1 million boys of 17 or under served in the Federal Army alone. Beyond the use of very young boys as deummer boys and buggle boys, about 1 million boys 17 years of age and under fought with the Federal Army alone. Almost surely very large numbers of similarly aged boys fpught with the Conderacy, although actual records are less available. So many boys served in both the Federal and Confederate Army that one author has
on Britannica Blog, we commemorate the 150th anniversary of the first shots of the Civil War with posts exploring the wars legacy by six experts.
The Fort Sumter Fort Moultrie Historical Trust will present a special event on "A Just and Lasting Peace Among Ourselves? Lessons on the 150th Anniversary of the End of the American Civil War" on April 18, 2015 in Charleston, SC at the historic Dock Street Theatre. Two panel presentations featuring seven noted scholars will take place. SC Humanities supported this project with a Major Grant in September 2014.. The first session will take place at 10:00 a.m. and will broach the topic "The Civil Wars Impact on American History" and will feature Annette Gordon-Reed of Harvard University speaking on "The Civil War Amendments and the American Declaration of Independence"; Eric Foner of Columbia University speaking on "The Significance of Reconstruction"; and Emory Thomas of the University of Georgia speaking on "A Later Encounter with the Enemy: The Confederate Experience at 150.". The second session on "Public Memories of The American Civil War" is scheduled for 1:30 p.m. and will feature David W. ...
Dealing with the civil war, this title takes a close look at the battlefield doctors in whose hands rested the lives of thousands of Union and Confederate soldiers. It also examines the impact on major campaigns - Manassas, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Shiloh, Atlanta - of ignorance, understaffing, inexperience, and overcrowded hospitals.
The address is 1925 Vermont Avenue Northwest, Washington DC 20001. The memorial is located at the corner of Vermont Avenue, 10th St, and U Street NW, near the U Street/African-Amer Civil War Memorial/Cardozo Metro Station.. Map. GPS ...
Battle of the civil war ironclads. Take part in battles from USS Monitor vs CSS Virginia before battles between armored squadrons of steamships and other vessels. The flow of time is organized into rounds.
He said the two sides agreed to talk with representatives of the VA clinic to see whether the medals could be displayed in an area where the agency plans to honor veterans.. He said family members had spoken with various museums but had concerns about their long-term viability. They said they felt the VA clinic could provide a permanent home for the medals and would enable a large number of veterans to see them.. Sergeant Brown, a locomotive engineer and member of the 21st Ohio Infantry Regiment, was among the first U.S. soldiers to receive a Congressional Medal of Honor for his part in the 1862 raid. He received a second one after the medal was redesigned in 1904. Sergeant Brown died in East Toledo in 1916 and was buried in Wood County.. In the raid, volunteers from the Union Army, led by civilian scout James J. Andrews, commandeered a train and took it north toward Chattanooga, Tenn., doing as much damage as possible to the vital railroad link from Atlanta to Chattanooga. The raiders were ...
The Singapore Eye Research Institute (Seri) yesterday announced a five-year collaboration with Japanese company Santen Pharmaceutical to conduct research on major eye diseases in Asia.. Read more at straitstimes.com.
Keedysville, Maryland (vicinity). Smiths barn, used as a hospital after the battle of Antietam. Date Created/Published: 1862 Sept. LOC original medium: 1 negative : glass, stereograph, wet collodion.. ...
This data collection constitutes a portion of the historical data collected by the project Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease, and Death. With the goal of constructing datasets suitable for longitudinal analyses of factors affecting the aging process, the project is collecting military, medical, and socioeconomical data on a sample of white males mustered into the Union Army during the Civil War. The project seeks to examine the influence of environmental and host factors prior to recruitment on the health performance and survival of recruits during military service, to identify and show relationships between socioeconomic and biomedical conditions (including nutritional status) of veterans at early ages and mortality rates from diseases at middle and late ages, and to study the effects of health and pensions on labor force participation rates of veterans at ages 65 and over. This installment of the collection, Version M-5, supersedes any previous version of these data. Collected ...
Hardly a person in America was untouched by the Civil War, and Mark Twain and Walt Whitman were no exceptions. Because they were perhaps the most distinctly "American" writers of their time, their reactions to the conflict are particularly interesting. Printed here are two of their wartime letters, both written within six months of each other, at a time when the North seemed on the verge of defeat. While Whitmans letter to his New York friends, Nat and Fred Gray, has appeared before, the Twain letter is a completely new find. Both are owned by the noted book collector, Clifton Waller Barrett, and AMERICAN HERITAGE publishes them through his courtesy. The Civil War was a crisis which Twain and Whitman observed as civilians-but then, the number of important American writers who saw active service is surprisingly small. Men like Emerson, Hawthorne, Lowell, Melville, and Whitman-the established talents-were all too old to fight. Many of the younger group who grew up during the war managed to avoid ...
y^ ms ^ ,^^ ^ME ATTITUDE OF THADDEUS STEVENS TOWARD THE CONDUCT OF THE CIVIL WAR JAMES ALBERT WOODBURN REPRINTED FROM THE l^meticatt §ii,$totiral ^mtw Vol. XII., No. 3 APRIL, 1907 /■ / THE ATTITUDE OF THADDEUS STEVENS TOWARD THE CONDUCT OF THE CIVIL WAR From July, 1861, to his death in 1869 Thaddeiis Stevens was the leader of the Republican majority of the House of Representatives. He was chairman of the Ways and Means Committee of the House throughout the war, and his attention was therefore largely devoted to questions of taxation and finance, of revenues and appropriations. These subjects in time of war offer a large field of studv in connec- tion with Stevens. But the purpose of this paper is not to consider Stevenss contributions and services on these lines, but rather to bring into review his career and opinions in relation particularly to the more distinctly constitutional, political, and party issues which the war presented. There are three salient aspects about which the political ...
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10/3/2006 • Civil War Times The Irish experience in the Civil War has probably received more attention - and celebration - than that of any other ethnic group. Mention of the Irish commonly conjures up images of the Irish Brigades doomed charge at Fredericksburg, of Father William Corby granting absolution before Gettysburg, or possibly the mourning wolfhound at the base of the Irish Brigades monument on the same battlefield. The reality of the Irish experience in the war was, as might be expected, more complex. The most politically active - and contentious - of the nations mid-19th-century immigrant groups, the Irish shared many of the experiences of the Northern soldier. Yet in some ways the Irish were different, not only from native-born soldiers, but from other immigrant groups as well.. Although a smattering of Irish Catholics had lived in America since the colonial period, there was no significant immigration to the United States until the catastrophe of the Potato Famine (1845-1853) ...
http://www.history.vt.edu/Robertson/robertson_.jpg This is the premier Civil War historian in the United States. Dr Bud Robertson. He is a Southerner and a staunch Conservative. He also does not have a butt munching slobbering man crush over Lincoln and teaches the truth about the Civil War. All wars are over two things at their heart. Who is going to control Property and Resources. Things like Slavery, and the Jewish Question and protecting the Holy Lands are always
Biography of Pennsylvania Civil War Soldier Benjamin F. Crain. In addition to battles fought, injuries and POW info, each Civil War bio typically has genealogy data such as birthplace and birthdate, parents, spouse, children and occupation.
The editors of Portraits of Conflict: A Photographic History of Missouri in the Civil War are William Garrett Piston, professor of history at Missouri State University and author of Lees Tarnished Lieutenant: James Longstreet and his Place in Southern History, and Thomas P. Sweeney, a retired physician and long-time Civil War historian who opened the first museum at Missouris Wilsons Creek battlefield site. General editors for the series are Carl Moneyhon, professor of history at University of Arkansas at Little Rock, and Bobby Roberts, director of Central Arkansas Library System ...
This is a three part assignment that allows students to explore different aspects of Civil War life Part I (Song Analysis): Students will be able to listen to two different Civil War era songs (one from the North and one from the South) and answer some questions
In February 1863, the abolitionist Gov. John A. Andrew of Massachusetts (whose portrait is in the Great Hall at Mechanics Hall) issued the Civil Wars first call for black soldiers. Massachusetts did not have many African-American residents, but by the time 54th Infantry regiment headed off to training camp two weeks later more than 1,000 men had volunteered. Mechanics Hall continues its Civil War Movie Series with a screening of the 1989 film Glory Sunday. Starring Matthew
Photo given me by Brenda Robertson in 2011 My 3rd great grandfather, Claudius Buchanan Abbe, died from the number one killer of the Civil War, Dysentery. That is correct, the #1 killer in the Civil War was not due to enemy fire, but to a disease caused by unsanitary conditions our soldiers lived in. The…
When we think of Civil War medicine, we often think of gore, like amputated limbs and bloody gunshot wounds. But these traumatic injuries did not make up the majority of a Civil War surgeons daily work. Instead, it was the camp diseases like dysentery and typhoid, infectious disease like smallpox, and - as we saw in this weeks episode of Mercy Street - venereal diseases.. Read More » ...
When we think of Civil War medicine, we often think of gore, like amputated limbs and bloody gunshot wounds. But these traumatic injuries did not make up the majority of a Civil War surgeons daily work. Instead, it was the camp diseases like dysentery and typhoid, infectious disease like smallpox, and - as we saw in this weeks episode of Mercy Street - venereal diseases.. Read More » ...
Restauranter i nærheden af Civil War Medical Museum i Gordonsville på TripAdvisor: Find anmeldelser fra rejsende og personlige billeder af spisesteder i nærheden af Civil War Medical Museum i Gordonsville, Virginia.
You searched for: Poem Genre / Form Triplet Remove constraint Poem Genre / Form: Triplet Poem Genre / Form Song with refrain Remove constraint Poem Genre / Form: Song with refrain Poem Theme Politics Remove constraint Poem Theme: Politics Poem Theme Civil war / interregnum Remove constraint Poem Theme: Civil war / interregnum ...
It really is sad to see how things have turned out. Doesnt seem like our country. I havent exactly been a big Bush supporter but I think he has done in this case everything he can. We have something like 15k+ worth of National Guard troops over in Iraq from Louisiana and Mississippi. Right or wrong they are there. That put homeland defense in great jeopardy. We didnt have much to work with to fix the problem down there. I will say Bush has done well with what he has to try and fix what is a catastrophy. I just think this civil war could have been avoided had our Guard been left at home where they belong. You could go through and read these news stories and change New Orleans to Falujah (sp?) and it would be hard to tell them apart. Weve seen riots in LA. That just doesnt compare to this. What will the pictures show once the water goes down? What is the appropriate amount of force to use to squash this mess down there? I dont know if Id go so far as to call it civil war. There is nothing ...
The Civil War still rages across the South in ways both quirky and compelling. Hardcore re-enactors crash-diet to resemble starved Confederates, a Scarlett OHara impersonator lifts her skirts for Japanese tourists, and Sons, Daughters, and Children of the Confederacy gather to sing Dixie and salute the rebel flag. Pulitzer Prize winner Tony Horwitz takes us on a ten-state adventure, from Gettysburg to Vicksburg, from Charleston graveyards to Tennessee taverns, probing both the history of the Civil War and its potent echo in the present.
A documentary about rival Civil War Reenactors (Tony Hale & Adam Pally) recreating the worlds most significant Civil War: Captain Americas Civil
Americas Second Civil War: Dispatches from the Political Center by Professor Stanley A Renshon starting at . Americas Second Civil War: Dispatches from the Political Center has 0 available edition to buy at Alibris
This photograph is part of an album of photographs from a trip through Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania that primarily depicts Civil War battlefields and cemeteries. The mount on each photograph includes a detailed description about the image and its relation to the Civil War, and the date and time the photograph was taken ...
Read more about Lanka Tamils to mark 8th anniversary of end of civil war on Business Standard. Tamils in Sri Lankas war-ravaged northern and eastern provinces are today observing the eigth anniversary of the end of the three-decade brutal civil war in the country in 2009. The Tamil Genocide Remembrance day will be marked by various events
Benjamin Tyler Henrys Repeating Rifle; the history, use of the Henry at Civil War reenactments and information on Civil War useage.
A discussion of the American Civil War Battle of Antietam/Sharpsburg and closely related subjects. Please feel free to open a discussion topic, ask a question, post an opinion, etc. Itll be boring without you! This is not meant as a gossip board or chat room, and is not the place for very much off-topic discussion. Please use private email, a telephone, or snail-mail for that.
A discussion of the American Civil War Battle of Antietam/Sharpsburg and closely related subjects. Please feel free to open a discussion topic, ask a question, post an opinion, etc. Itll be boring without you! This is not meant as a gossip board or chat room, and is not the place for very much off-topic discussion. Please use private email, a telephone, or snail-mail for that.
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Get ready for five years of misery, self-absorption, class warfare, occasional (perhaps even frequent) denials of racism, interminable militaristic posturing, and so much more. The US is about to start commemorating, if thats the word, the 150th anniversary of the beginning of the American Civil War. Well, maybe not everyone in the US-just the South,…
Out of this commissions report, was born, on March 4, 1865, the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, also known as the Freedmens Bureau. Despite its official title its main purpose was to help the more than four million former slaves, most with any resources or education populating the South after the war. Congress created the Freedmans Bureau, with a life span of just one year, to distribute clothing, food, and fuel to destitute freedmen and to oversee all subjects relating to their condition in the South. The bureau was not granted a separate budget for its work, but instead drew funds from the Department of War. Heading the bureau was none other than General Oliver O. Howard, a graduate of Bowdoin and West point and a very distinguished Civil War veteran. A devout church goer and fervent civil rights advocate, Howard helped manage the bureaus approximately 900 agents ...
Michiko Kakutani, The New York Times An audacious and powerful debut novel: a second American Civil War, a devastating plague, and one family caught deep in the middle--a story that asks what might happen if America were to turn its most devastating policies and deadly weapons upon itself. Sarat Chestnut, born in Louisiana, is only six when the Second American Civil War breaks out in 2074. But even she knows that oil is outlawed, that Louisiana is half underwater, and that unmanned drones fill the sky. When her father is killed and her family is forced into Camp Patience for displaced persons, she begins to grow up shaped by her particular time and place. But not everyone at Camp Patience is who they claim to be. Eventually Sarat is befriended by a mysterious functionary, under whose influence she is turned into a deadly instrument of war. The decisions that she makes will have tremendous consequences not just for Sarat but for her family and her country, rippling through generations of ...
Commander Rodgers first war assignment was to go with Commodore Louis M. Goldsborough to Gosport Navy Yard on April 20, 1861, where with other officers he was to remove Naval vessels and assets so they could not be used by the Confederates. Virginia had only just declared her secession from the Union. Upon arrival they found the yard in shambles, as Commodore McCauley had already ordered the vessels at Gosport scuttled, including the Merrimack, since he considered the yard indefensible. Commodore Goldsborough made the decision to destroy the yard, and Commander Rodgers and Army Captain of Engineers Horatio G. Wright were given the job of destroying the drydock. They were thwarted in this attempt when the fuse was extinguished by water in the pumping gallery. Commander Rodgers and Captain Wright were captured by General William B. Taliaferro of the Virginia State Militia, but since Virginia had not yet joined the Confederate States, and was therefore not at war against the United States, ...
p,James Monroe Trotter served in the 55,sup,th,/sup, Massachusetts Infantry Regiment during the American Civil War and, following this conflict, became the first African American to find employment in the Boston, Massachusetts division of the United States Post Office.,/p, ,p,Trotter was born in Grand Gulf, Mississippi on November 8, 1842. His mother, Letitia, was a slave, and his father was Richard S. Trotter, his mothers owner. Letitia, Trotter, and his brother eventually escaped slavery, making their way to Cincinnati, Ohio, where James Trotter enrolled in the Gilmer School. He also attended the Albany Academy in Athens County, Ohio, where he received training as a schoolteacher. Upon graduating from this institution, Trotter taught in African-American schools in Pike, Muskingum, and Ross Counties, Ohio.,/p, ,p,In June 1863, Trotter enlisted in the 55,sup,th,/sup, Massachusetts Infantry Regiment. By the American Civil Wars conclusion, Trotter had attained the rank of second lieutenant. Upon ...
Greetings TT Titor,I have not been on this site in a long while,I am acquantinces with Al Bielek,and I have been in close quarters with beings not human and not from this place or time.The Humans who talk with you on this post have not asked you yet how you feel about your travels?How has it effected you emotionally,Do you age ?Does the hair grow on your face faster,do your nails grow quicker,Does the air taste different in different time periods?How is the food in the future,Have you tried to eat things not found in your time?Do you know me in the future?I plan on living 120 years,so i am sure going to look for you later 35 years from now i will be 66,I was born in 1970.I have met a few other TT people(TimeTravel),I did not ask them about lotteries or sh1t like that(How petty)I like my time,but i see Traveling into Another Time and Space as too much for most humans,to think on different levels,to not lose oneself,to not fall in love or like with peoples from different times.That must be the ...
Strategic Reserves is a professional reserve study firm that specializes in providing reserve studies, workbooks & reserve study software to community associations nationwide.
CONKLIN, Morris; Private; C.; 81 N.Y. Inf.; Oct. 23, 1861; Oct. 2, 1862; 11 mo 9 da; Grant, Herk. Co. N.Y. CONKLIN, Morris; Private; F.; 16 N.Y. Art.; Dec. 21, 1863; July 28, 1865; 1 yr 7 mo 7 da; Grant, Herk. Co. N.Y. (Shot in Right Leg, night before Battle of Malvern Hill) Page No. 5. 441, ...
While Navy veterans have the highest rates of mesothelioma of any of the armed forces, army veterans have also been largely at risk during the 20th century. Asbestos, the most common cause of mesothelioma, was used by the U.S. Army in great quantities in bases, barracks, mess halls and other buildings and installations.. In the 1990s, an audit of U.S. Army installations uncovered the fact that asbestos was the leading toxic material at 32 sites. The army was forced to spend over $1 billion to clean up asbestos where it was possible. Other sites had to be demolished or abandoned.. Even though the army stopped using asbestos in new construction in the late 1970s, the toxic material remained in place where it had already been installed. It was not until decades later that existing asbestos was removed. Because of this and the fact that it may take 10 to 40 years after exposure for symptoms to develop, mesothelioma continues to be diagnosed in army veterans even today. Hundreds of thousands of ...
Throughout the war, Sumner had been the special champion of blacks, being the most vigorous advocate of emancipation, of enlisting blacks in the Union Army, and of the establishment of the Freedmens Bureau. As one of the Radical Republican leaders in the post-war Senate, Sumner fought to provide equal civil and voting rights for the freedmen on the grounds that "consent of the governed" was a basic principle of American republicanism and in order to keep ex-Confederates from gaining political offices and undoing the Norths victory in the Civil War.. The Reconstruction Era of the United States after the American Civil War was in the nineteenth and early twentieth century usually viewed as an era of Southern exploitation and corruption by Northern politicians and harsh federal policies, led by the Radical Republicans.[67] The plight of the freedmen during Reconstruction was largely ignored by conservative historians who followed the Dunning School. According to historian Eric Foner, during the ...
There are few places better than Bowdoin College to study the American Civil War (1861-1865). There is a saying that the war started and ended in Brunswick, Maine. For some, the war started not in 1861 with the attack on Fort Sumter but with Harriet Beecher Stowes 1852 anti-slavery novel, Uncle Toms Cabin, which she wrote on Federal Street. Bowdoin College Professor and President, General Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain accepted the final surrender of the Confederate infantry at Appomattox Court House in April of 1865. Students who engage in Bowdoins Civil War cluster have the unique opportunity to explore this critical period in United States history through a range of disciplinary lenses with a focus on the people and places that helped to shape it. History courses seek to interpret the meaning of the events surrounding the war, including its causes and consequences. Courses in literature explore how American literature shaped Civil War history. And studies in Art History focus on "reading" the ...
We are proud to announce the arrival of a Civil War movie unlike any youve seen before. Copperhead, a film for the whole family, opening in theaters June 28! Did you know that this year marks the 150 year anniversary of the Civil War & The Battle of Gettysburg? We were all taught about the Civil War in school, but how much do we really know about the challenging stories of the brave families during the era? Mothers, fathers, and children all experienced intense hardship as family members left to fight in combat. 150 years later the timeless stories of families affected by war still remain especially pertinent. Commemorate the 150 year anniversary & keep your kids learning during the summer by catching Copperhead, a Civil War movie the whole family can watch together and talk about! About Copperhead: From director Ron Maxwell, (Gettysburg, Gods and Generals) Copperhead is unlike any other Civil War movie. Far from the Virginia battlefield, its the exciting story of Abner Beech (Billy Campbell), ...
We are proud to announce the arrival of a Civil War movie unlike any youve seen before. Copperhead, a film for the whole family, opening in theaters June 28! Did you know that this year marks the 150 year anniversary of the Civil War & The Battle of Gettysburg? We were all taught about the Civil War in school, but how much do we really know about the challenging stories of the brave families during the era? Mothers, fathers, and children all experienced intense hardship as family members left to fight in combat. 150 years later the timeless stories of families affected by war still remain especially pertinent. Commemorate the 150 year anniversary & keep your kids learning during the summer by catching Copperhead, a Civil War movie the whole family can watch together and talk about! About Copperhead: From director Ron Maxwell, (Gettysburg, Gods and Generals) Copperhead is unlike any other Civil War movie. Far from the Virginia battlefield, its the exciting story of Abner Beech (Billy Campbell), ...
Civil War enthusiasts, people interested in American History and photographers who want to explore the beginning of photojournalism will want to mark their calendars to make time to visit an exhibit at Western Kentucky University featuring 3D images in a multimedia environment as well as reproduction photographs from the Civil War.. The show "Witness: Photographs of a Nation Divided" will feature a collection of over 60 Civil War images looking at the portfolios of several well-known and some more obscure photographers as well as a re-creation of Matthew Bradys 1862 New York City gallery called "The Dead of Antietam" documenting the Battle of Antietam. The Sept. 17, 1862, battle at Sharpsburg, Md., is known as the bloodiest single day in American military history.. The exhibit runs thru March 29, excluding the week of March 11, in the universitys Mass Media & Technology Hall atrium and gallery. The gallery is free and open to the public.. Monday - Wednesday, 9 am - 9 pm,. Thursday - Friday, 9 ...
The Cairo Historical Society is proud to announce the publication of a new book about one of Cairos Civil War soldiers. Entitled May God in His Mercy Spare our Lives, the Civil War Letters and Diary of Eseck G. Wilber, 120th NYV, this book captures the Civil War exploits of Eseck G. Wilber, who was just 21 when he volunteered for the Union Army in August of 1862. He was full of youthful arrogance and pride which slowly eroded as disease, hunger and death surrounded him. Eseck was at the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg before he was captured by the Rebels at James City, Va and sent to Libby Prison. Moved to Pemberton, then Belle Isle and finally Andersonville, GA, Eseck saw first hand the deprivations of his fellow soldiers. Esecks 80 letters and his diary tell the tale of his military exploits and his incarceration by the South ...
Todays Birthday: Mary Edwards Walker (1832) Walker was an American surgeon and feminist. She served as a nurse in the Union army in the American Civil War, before being commissioned as an assistant surgeon. She was the first woman to serve in such a capacity and was awarded the Medal of Honor for her service.…
Lack of Money One of the reasons why the civil war broke out in England in 1642 was because of Charles lack of money. To discover the source of this, we have to go back to the beginning of James reign. James was the first King to reign over both England and Scotland, and when he came down from Scotland it is said that he was astonished at how rich England was, while James had needed to borrow money for his travelling expenses. When James died in 1625, Charles came to the throne, and he, like his father, had very little money. Once Charles became King, the County Faction1 wanted him to go to war with the Catholics in Spain, so Charles asked them for taxes to use on the war. They refused to pay enough, so the war was hopeless, and Parliament blamed the King for this. The reason Parliament granted so few taxes was that they wanted to make sure they were called again. Charles, a firm believer in the Divine Right of Kings, thought that he should not have to rule with Parliament, and the only thing ...
By the end of the Civil War, Champ Ferguson had become a notorious criminal whose likeness covered the front pages of Harper’s Weekly, Leslie’s Illustrated, and other newspapers across the country. His crime? Using the war as an excuse to steal, plunder, and murder Union civilians and soldiers. Cumberland Blood: Champ Ferguson’s Civil War offers insights into Fergusons lawless brutality and a lesser-known aspect of the Civil War, the bitter guerrilla conflict in the Appalachian highlands, extending from the Carolinas through Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia, and West Virginia. This compelling volume delves into the violent story of Champ Ferguson, who acted independently of the Confederate army in a personal war that eventually garnered the censure of Confederate officials. Author Thomas D. Mays traces Fergusons life in the Cumberland highlands of southern Kentucky, where—even before the Civil War began—he had a reputation as a vicious killer. Ferguson, a rising ...
Written in the same engaging and comfortable style as the All American History Volume 2 series is written in the same engaging and comfortable style as Volume 1. Thirty-two weekly lessons examine important events in American history, including the atmosphere in which they occurred and their impact on the future of America. . Learn about the latter half of American history with units on the Civil War and Reconstruction, the Gilded Age, World War I & II, The Great Depression, The Cold War and more! Weekly lessons include a chapter from the reader, while the student activity book includes maps, forms and review questions. The integral teachers guide provides all answers, as well as teacher hints, hands-on research ideas, unit book lists, family activities, adaptations for younger students, timeline dates, and mapping instructions. Looking at the past through a distinctly Christian lens, All American History provides a full years worth of history for grades 6-12. This Kit Includes: Student Reader: 557
Post Traumatic-Stress Disorder is a fairly common diagnosis among veterans returning from battle in Iraq and Afghanistan. But the psychological impact of war on soldiers is hardly new.. Professor Matt Warshauer of Central Connecticut State University has been researching instances of PTSD during the Civil War, which was then referred to as Soldiers Heart. His research has been tripped up by a relatively modern medical issue: privacy.. ...
Although the Southerners had some local and state relief organizations, they enjoyed nothing similar to the Sanitary Commission in scope or efficiency; yet in the effects of camp disease and unsanitary conditions, the Confederacy and the Union shared common experiences indeed. The two armies had similar experiences as their forces were being trained, usually in an instruction camp as a gathering place for the troops of each state. Medical officers did not know how to requisition drugs and medical supplies. Commissaries did not know how to requisition rations. It has been said that the Americans are a warlike but unmilitary people, and the first months of the Civil War proved the adage. Too many men, when entering the army after a lifetime of being cared for by mothers and wives, had a tendency to go native to ignore washing themselves or their clothing and, worst of all, to ignore all regulations about camp sanitation, Each company was supposed to have a sink, a trench eight feet deep and ...
According to the National Library of Medicine, for African-Americans, the Civil War was "a fight for freedom and a chance for full participation in American society.". "Their participation challenged the prescribed notions of both race and gender and pushed the boundaries of the role of blacks in America," the site reads.. The traveling exhibit will stop first at the New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park, a fitting start, considering that one of the exhibits main focuses is New Bedford native William P. Powell. Powell, who served as a contract Union surgeon during the war.. Jill L. Newmark, the exhibits curator, said the project "brings a voice to those that have remained silent for nearly 150 years.". The free, eight-panel exhibit will stop in 47 locations throughout the next several years. After New Bedford, Massachussetts, it will move on to other cities, including New Orleans, New York, Memphis and Washington, D.C.. Follow Ugonna on Twitter at @ugonnaokpalaoka. ...
The Confederate government, meanwhile, impressed African Americans labor for the war effort. Free blacks between the ages of fifteen and fifty were required to report to the courthouse, where they were examined by a doctor from the Charlottesville General Hospital who determined how and where they should work. If they did not report, they were taken by gunpoint. Against the protestations of their owners, slaves were taken, too. Between 1862 and 1864, about 940 slaves were impressed. In 1863, four slaves murdered a Confederate officer attempting to take them. In some cases, slave owners moved their African Americans rather than lend them to the Confederacy.. African Americans also took advantage of the shifting social conditions during the Civil War to establish their own Baptist congregation. About half of Charlottesville and Albemarle Countys blacks, both free and enslaved, had a connection to the biracial First Baptist Church and its pastor, A. B. Brown. On April 20, 1863, these "African ...
After the Civil War, a reinvigorated group of small farm owners emerged in North Carolinas Lower Cape Fear region. Former slaves and landless freemen joined the established antebellum yeomanry in accumulating small farms carved out of the exhausted turpentine-producing forests of the region. This book explores their growth and decline between 1880 and 1980, focusing on how the simultaneous rise of the Jim Crow social order destroyed their ability to defend their interests as unified class. Small farm owners reemerged as a class at a particularly dynamic moment. Agrarian protest movements were sweeping the countryside. Thrust into commercial production and relations of debt, these farmers struggled to reconcile their ideological commitment to self-sufficiency with the merchant-driven demand for cash-crop production. Underway since the end of the nineteenth century, the gradual transformation of agriculture and rural society gained traction after World War II, dramatically reshaping the southern
Size Wall Map Tubed National Geographic Reference Map the plains of passage earth s One Night With. 1812: a traveler s guide to the war that defined a.. Pacific Centered Wall Map (tubed) National Geographic. to the April 2005 NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC magazine, Battles of the Civil War is rich. reference map of the ...
Shiloh Relics is one of the world s largest Civil War and World War marketplaces on the web. We provide online trading exchange between the individual customer and Shiloh Relics. Individuals not big businesses use Shiloh Relics to buy and sell items
Shiloh Relics is one of the world s largest Civil War and World War marketplaces on the web. We provide online trading exchange between the individual customer and Shiloh Relics. Individuals not big businesses use Shiloh Relics to buy and sell items
Im so pleased to be hosting author Jocelyn Green this week. She e-mailed me a feasibility question and I managed to rope her into writing a few posts about the medical aspects of the Civil War!I know...Im a tricky girl.Jocelyn has graciously agreed to give away a signed copy of her novel Wedded to War.…
In 1861, James B. Griffin left Edgefield, South Carolina, and rode off to Virginia to take up duty with the Confederate Army. He was thirty-five years old, a wealthy planter, and the owner of sixty-one slaves when he joined Wade Hamptons elite Legion as a major of cavalry. This book features eighty of Griffins letters written at the Virginia front, and during later postings on the South Carolina coast, to his wife Leila Burt Griffin. The letters encompass Griffins entire Civil War service, detailing living conditions and military maneuvers, the jockeying for position among officers, and the different ways in which officers and enlisted men interacted. The letters shed light on the life of a middle officer-a life of extreme military hardship, complicated further by the need for reassurance about personal valor and status common to men of the southern gentry. Griffin describes secret troop movements, such as the Hampton Legions role in the Peninsula Campaign. Here he relates the march from Manassas to
BANGOR, Maine - Wesley Martin, an Aroostook County native, weighed 44 pounds when he was released from Andersonville, the largest military prison in the Confederacy, at the end of the Civil War. He was one of more than 45,000 Union soldiers who was confined…. Maine news, sports, politics, election results, and obituaries from the Bangor Daily News.
The seven figures who suddenly leap onto historys stage and shape the great moments to come are: Jefferson Davis, who lived a life out of a Romantic novel, and who almost died from herpes simplex of the eye; the disgruntled Col. Robert E. Lee, who had to decide whether he would stay in the military or return to Virginia to run his familys plantation; William Tecumseh Sherman, one of the great Union generals, who had been reduced to running a roadside food stand in Kansas; the uprising of eight abolitionists in Oberlin, Ohio, who freed a slave apprehended by slave catchers, and set off a fiery debate across America; a dramatic speech by New York Senator William Seward in Rochester, which foreshadowed the civil war and which seemed to solidify his hold on the 1860 Republican Presidential nomination; John Browns raid on a plantation in Missouri, where he freed several slaves, and marched them eleven hundred miles to Canada, to be followed a year later by his catastrophic attack on Harpers Ferry; ...
May Book Review: "Guide to Haunted Places of the Civil War". Author: Blue and Gray Magazine. Publisher: Blue Gray Publishing. I picked this book up last weekend, eyes glazed over, in my frenzy to read another good Civil War Ghost book (Im a CW ghost fiend). But, to my dismay, I was very disappointed.. This book contains stories which can be found in about every other Civil War ghost book, through and through. Some of the stories I wouldnt even rate as ghost stories, but as mere coincidence. The Blue and the Gray did a poor job on this book, and its left a bitter taste in my mouth. Now, Ill think twice before buying another one of their books Overall rating: *. By the way, last weekend I attended the Mansfield Civil War Show, and picked up a good years worth of Civil War reading. Expect some great book reviews in the future!. Rating system will go as follows:. *=not worth reading. **=better, but still not good. ***=okay book. recomended. ****=great book. recomended!. *****=Excellent book. ...
There are allegations that war crimes were committed by the Sri Lankan military and the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (Tamil Tigers) during the Sri Lankan Civil War, particularly during the final months of the Eelam War IV phase in 2009. The alleged war crimes include attacks on civilians and civilian buildings by both sides; executions of combatants and prisoners by both sides; enforced disappearances by the Sri Lankan military and paramilitary groups backed by them; acute shortages of food, medicine, and clean water for civilians trapped in the war zone; and child recruitment by the Tamil Tigers. A panel of experts appointed by United Nations Secretary-General (UNSG) Ban Ki-moon to advise him on the issue of accountability with regard to any alleged violations of international human rights and humanitarian law during the final stages of the civil war found "credible allegations" which, if proven, indicated that war crimes and crimes against humanity were committed by the Sri Lankan ...
Left: chicory root Right: chicory flowers. You see, when the city of New Orleans was under siege during the American Civil War, coffee supplies dwindled to near nothing. However, inventive locals stretched out their coffee supplies by adding roasted chicory root.. While it lacks caffeine, chicory root is cheap and tasty and makes a great addition to coffee. So even after the supply lines were reopened, citizens of New Orleans kept chicory in their coffee. In fact, chicory coffee is still available in many New Orleans restaurants.. But what folks didnt realize at the time, adding this earthy root to their coffee wasnt just padding the supply. It was also boosting their health.. In more recent years, chicory root has been the subject of many health studies. Its been shown to reduce inflammation, delay or prevent the onset of diabetes, and even help folks arthritis.. In one study, folks who took chicory root extract saw improved A1c levels, which is an indicator of diabetes. In addition, ...
WASHINGTON, Oct. 14 - A federal panel of medical experts studying illnesses among veterans of the 1991 war in the Persian Gulf has broken with several earlier studies and concluded that many suffer from neurological damage caused by exposure to toxic chemicals, rejecting past findings that the ailments resulted mostly from wartime stress.. Citing new scientific research on the effects of exposure to low levels of neurotoxins, the Research Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veterans Illnesses concludes in its draft report that "a substantial proportion of Gulf War veterans are ill with multisymptom conditions not explained by wartime stress or psychiatric illness.". It says a growing body of research suggests that many veterans symptoms have a neurological cause and that there is a "probable link" to exposure to neurotoxins. The report says possible sources include sarin, a nerve gas, from an Iraqi weapons depot blown up by American forces in 1991; a drug, pyridostigmine bromide, given to troops to ...
Caritas Sierra Leone was established in 1981 by the Catholic Bishops Conference of Sierra Leone with the mandate to serve as the relief and development wing of the Catholic Church in Sierra Leone. Most of the agencys efforts during the 1990s concentrated on responding to the plight of the people caught up in the brutal civil war, by providing food, shelter, and lobbying for the release of child soldiers. Today, Caritas Sierra Leone remains steadfast in post war peace building initiatives but is also active in various fields such as - HIV/AIDS prevention, food security, emergency and humanitarian relief, youth empowerment, environmental protection, poverty eradication and gender equality.. One of the focus areas of Caritas Sierra Leone work is continued support of families and communities after the civil war through initiatives such as peacebuilding, trauma counselling and resettlement support to refugees.. Caritas Sierra Leone in partnership with Catholic Relief Services instituted a life ...
7. However, in our assessment, so far the involvement of Syrian veterans in terrorism and subversion in the various Arab countries is still nascent. However, there have been cases which indicate what the future may hold: in Egypt it was reported that jihadist veterans of the Syrian conflict were detained for their involvement in terrorist activities against the Egyptian regime, or were killed during a terrorist attack carried out by the Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis (which is affiliated with the global jihad).[4] In May 2014 the Saudi Arabian ministry of the interior recently announced the exposure of a terrorist network that was in contact with extremists in Syria and Yemen. In Jordan the ISISencouraged demonstrations and riots in the southern city of Maan, a hotbed of anti-regime subversive activity. In Israel, two Israeli Arabs were asked by jihadist organizations to carry out terrorist attacks in Israeli territory after they had returned from Syria. In addition, in December 2013 a jihadist network ...
London) - The British government today regrettably allowed an abusive former Tamil Tiger leader who had been in its custody to return to Sri Lanka as a free man, Human Rights Watch said today. Human Rights Watch called on the Sri Lankan government to investigate and prosecute Vinayagamoorthi Muralitharan, known as Colonel Karuna Amman, for war crimes committed as a commander of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and later as head of an anti-LTTE armed group.. Karuna was the top commander of the LTTE in eastern Sri Lanka, and the reputed number two in the LTTE hierarchy until he left to form his own armed group in March 2004. Tamil Tiger forces under Karunas command were directly involved in some of the worst crimes of Sri Lankas ongoing civil war, including torture, summary execution, and use of children as soldiers. Because his armed group fought against the LTTE in recent years, the Sri Lankan government did not prosecute him. "The British government had an alleged war criminal in ...
Cambridge, Massachusetts. To the Editors:. In his review of David Halberstams book on the Korean War, The Coldest Winter [NYR, October 25], Richard Bernstein mentions the thesis "advanced in particular by Bruce Cumings" that Syngman Rhee or the South Korean military might have provoked Kim Il Sungs attack in June 1950. In a long chapter entitled "Who Started the Korean War?" I examined just about every thesis on how the war started including this thesis, first advanced not by me but by I.F. Stone in his Hidden History of the Korean War. I used formerly secret archival documents in English and Korean (including a large captured North Korean archive) to conclude this chapter by saying that all the theses were wrong, because civil wars do not start, they come along after years or even decades of internecine conflict-as in Korea.. Because the top US commander in Korea had secretly told his superiors that South Korean military forces started the majority of fighting along the 38th parallel in 1949, ...
Books by Wilson Jeremiah Moses. Golden Age of Black Nationalism, 1850-1925 (1988) / The Wings of Ethiopia (1990). Alexander Crummell: A Study of Civilization and Discontent (1992) / Destiny & Race: Selected Writings, 1840-1898 (1992) Black Messiahs and Uncle Toms: Social and Literary Manipulations of a Religious Myth (1993) Liberian Dreams: Back-to-Africa Narratives from the 1850s / Afrotopia: The Roots of African American Popular History (2002). Creative Conflict in African American Thought (2004). * * * * *. Books by By Benjamin Quarles. Frederick Douglass (1948) / The Negro in the Civil War (1953) / The Negro in the American Revolution (1961). Lincoln and the Negro (1962) / The Negro in the Making of America (1964) / Black Abolitionists (1969). Allies for Freedom and Blacks on John Brown (1974) / Black Mosaic: Essays in Afro-American History and Historiography (1988). * * * * * Historiography and African Americans Benjamin Quarles The Negro In The Making Of America. By Wilson J. ...

WHO | Availability of essential health services in post-conflict LiberiaWHO | Availability of essential health services in post-conflict Liberia

In 2005, two years after the end of a destructive civil war, the Government of Liberia established an ambitious plan to ... However, the 2007 Demographic and Health Survey found the HIV infection prevalence in the North Central region, which includes ... Liberia emerged from 14 years of civil war in 2003. This conflict resulted in near-total destruction of the countrys ... The health system was also destroyed in the war: of the 293 public health facilities operating before the war, 242 were deemed ...
more infohttp://who.int/bulletin/volumes/88/7/09-071068/en/

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z List - «N»Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z List - «N»

Created in 1863 by a congressional charter approved by President Abraham Lincoln at the height of the Civil War.... ... in the US by reducing the percentage of Americans with high blood cholesterol. Through educational efforts directed at health ... issued first by the American Pharmaceutical Association and now yearly by the United States Pharmacopeial Convention, that ...
more infohttp://drugster.info/medic/letter/N/page/5

Can a Post-Crisis Country Survive in the Time of Ebola? Issues Arising with Liberias Post-war Recovery | Harvard International...Can a Post-Crisis Country Survive in the Time of Ebola? Issues Arising with Liberia's Post-war Recovery | Harvard International...

This is a different type of war now, not the civil war of the 1990s, but a war brought about in part by a health system unable ... The Radical States and American Foreign Policy. By Stephen M. Walt. March 28, 2017. ... creating the dynamics that led to civil war and the deprivation, suffering, and traumatization of the Liberian people.. This ... This is further undermining the fragile social fabric that had been slowly rebuilding after the war.. Lessons for Re-engaging ...
more infohttp://hir.harvard.edu/article/?a=9407

Avian Flu Diary: WHO: Liberia, Ebola Cases Increasing `ExponentiallyAvian Flu Diary: WHO: Liberia, Ebola Cases Increasing `Exponentially'

The John F Kennedy Medical Center in Monrovia, which was largely destroyed during Liberias civil war, remains the countrys ... American Red Cross. *(APHA) Get Ready For Flu. *CARE. *Save The Children ...
more infohttp://afludiary.blogspot.com/2014/09/who-liberia-ebola-cases-increasing.html

American Civil War spies - WikipediaAmerican Civil War spies - Wikipedia

The African American in the Civil War. Boston, Little, Brown, 1953. Rose, P. K., Black Dispatches: Black American Contributions ... Tactical or battlefield intelligence became very vital to both armies in the field during the American Civil War. Units of ... The most useful military intelligence of the American Civil War was probably provided to Union officers by slaves and smugglers ... Fishel, E. C., The Secret War for The Union: The Untold Story of Military Intelligence in the Civil War. Boston, Houghton ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War_spies

Ironclads: American Civil War - WikipediaIronclads: American Civil War - Wikipedia

Ironclads: American Civil War is a 3D naval historical turned-based strategy game based on the American Civil War. The player ... "Ironclads: American Civil War". SimHQ. January 8, 2009. Archived from the original on May 12, 2016. Retrieved May 12, 2016. " ... "Ironclads: American Civil War". metacritic. Archived from the original on May 12, 2016. Retrieved May 12, 2016. Official ... sloops-of-war, gunboats and screw commerce raiders. The player is tasked with destroying the opponents ships, coastal ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ironclads:_American_Civil_War

Names of the American Civil War - WikipediaNames of the American Civil War - Wikipedia

... such as the English Civil War, the Irish Civil War or the Spanish Civil War). ... The most common name in modern American usage is simply "The Civil War". Although used rarely during the war, the term "War ... "Great War of Yankee Aggression"[29] to indicate the Civil War as a Yankee war, not a Northern war per se.[30] ... states commonly refer to the American Civil War as "the Great Rebellion" or "the War of the Rebellion",[15] as do many war ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_the_American_Civil_War

American Civil War (1861-1865) - The New York TimesAmerican Civil War (1861-1865) - The New York Times

Commentary and archival information about the United State Civil War (1861-1865) from The New York Times. ... Commentary and archival information about the United State Civil War (1861-1865) from The New York Times. ... News about American Civil War (1861-1865), including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. More ... In much the same way, it can fairly be said that the cause of the Civil War was the growth of the Norths power - both economic ...
more infohttps://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/american-civil-war-18611865?query=Shaw,%20Robert%20G&field=per&match=exact

William Tecumseh Sherman - American Civil War - HISTORY.comWilliam Tecumseh Sherman - American Civil War - HISTORY.com

The careers of both men had been undistinguished between the Mexican War and the American Civil War. When the South seceded, ... Perhaps the greatest tribute to William T. Sherman was paid by his old Civil War opponent Joe Johnston, who had fought him in ... and he commanded a federal army in the last battle of the war in the East, at Bentonville, North Carolina. ... On November 15, in perhaps the boldest act of the war, he led an army of sixty-two thousand men in two wings, with thirty-five ...
more infohttps://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/william-t-sherman

Cost Of The American Civil WarCost Of The American Civil War

... The approximately 10,455 military engagements, some devastating to human life and some nearly ... Detailed studies of Union and Confederate military casualties are found in Numbers and Losses in the Civil War in America 1861- ... 65 by Thomas L. Livermore (I901) and Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1867-1865 by William F. Fox (1889).. Source ... RETURN TO SHOTGUNS CIVIL WAR HOME PAGE. Part of the CivilWarTalk Network: CivilWarTalk.com - CivilWarWiki.net - ...
more infohttp://civilwarhome.com/warcosts.html

Life and Limb: The Toll of the American Civil WarLife and Limb: The Toll of the American Civil War

More than three million soldiers fought in the American Civil War. More than half a million died, and almost as many were ... Life and Limb: The Toll of the Civil War focuses on disabled veterans and their role as symbols of the fractured nation. ... The U.S. Civil War: Living With Battlefield Injuries. Higher Education Modules. *Reconstructing State and Soldier: Disability ... While the perspectives of surgeons, physicians, and nurses are richly documented in the history of Civil War medicine, the ...
more infohttps://www.nlm.nih.gov/hmd/about/exhibition/lifeandlimb.html

Real Talk - American Civil War, page 5Real Talk - American Civil War, page 5

Social Issues and Civil Unrest: 15 hours ago, 26 flags * Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Declares War on White, Moderate Democrats. ... Civil war is a messy thing, far more than any other armed conflict. It will split families apart, and often pit brother against ... If you look at the numerous conflicts in Africa, where civil wars have taken off, it is brutal to the general population. In ... While we, the citizens may know the answer to such, if we look back at history, with any and every revolution or civil war, ...
more infohttp://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread916951/pg5

Ironclads: American Civil War Cheats, FAQs and TrainersIronclads: American Civil War Cheats, FAQs and Trainers

Ironclads: American Civil War Game Page. News (7). Downloads (4). User Reviews. Cheats, FAQS. ... Ironclads: American Civil War is a historical wargame/naval simulator with turned based tactics. Current of time inside of game ... Top Games: Euro Truck Simulator 2 , Call of Duty: World at War , Danys Virtual Drum , Perimeter , SpellForce 2: Shadow Wars , ...
more infohttp://www.gamershell.com/pc/ironclads_american_civil_war/cheats.html

African American Civil War Memorial  (U.S. National Park Service)African American Civil War Memorial (U.S. National Park Service)

Their service helped to end the war and free over four million slaves. The African American Civil War Memorial honors their ... Over 200,000 African-American soldiers and sailors served in the U.S. Army and Navy during the Civil War. ...
more infohttps://www.nps.gov/afam/index.htm

African American Civil War Memorial & Museum, Washington DC - TripAdvisorAfrican American Civil War Memorial & Museum, Washington DC - TripAdvisor

The African American Civil War Museum tells the story of the black regiment that fought on the Union side during the civil war ... The African-American Civil War Museum and Memorial was created to tell the story and pay tribute to African-Americans who ... The African American Civil War Memorial is across the street from the Museum. The Memorial is just a cylindrical sculpture of ... If you are interested in African American contributions to the Civil war, then I highly suggest you visit this museum. It is ...
more infohttps://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g28970-d535036-Reviews-African_American_Civil_War_Memorial_Museum-Washington_DC_District_of_Columbia.html

African American Civil War Memorial and Museum | Travel + LeisureAfrican American Civil War Memorial and Museum | Travel + Leisure

African American Civil War Memorial and Museum. The bronze Spirit of Freedom statue and the Wall of Honor, which is etched with ... and after the Civil War. (The memorial is across the street at 1000 U St. NW.) ... and after the Civil War. (The memorial is across the street at 1000 U St. NW.) ... Across the street, the heartfelt museum relates the hardships and victories of African Americans before, during, ...
more infohttps://www.travelandleisure.com/travel-guide/u-street/things-to-do/african-american-civil-war-memorial-and-museum

Stories - African American Civil War Memorial  (U.S. National Park Service)Stories - African American Civil War Memorial (U.S. National Park Service)

The African American Civil War Memorial Museum exhibits tell the stories about how the USCT regiments were instrumental in ... Of the sixteen African-Americans who were awarded the Medal of Honor during the Civil War, fourteen received the honor as a ... The order was issued March 23, 1865, but only a few African-American companies were raised, and the war ended before they could ... African-American soldiers participated in every major campaign of 1864-1865 except Shermans invasion of Georgia. The year 1864 ...
more infohttps://www.nps.gov/afam/learn/historyculture/stories.htm

Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War - WikipediaMilitary history of African Americans in the American Civil War - Wikipedia

A large contingent of African Americans served in the American Civil War. 186,097 black men joined the Union Army: 7,122 ... Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... Jane E. Schultz, "Seldom Thanked, Never Praised, and Scarcely Recognized: Gender and Racism in Civil War Hospitals", Civil War ... "Reading Marlboro Jones: A Georgia Slave in Civil War Virginia", Virginias Civil War. Charlottesville, VA: University of ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_African_Americans_in_the_American_Civil_War

Rons spy,american-civil-war books on Goodreads (114 books)Ron's 'spy,american-civil-war' books on Goodreads (114 books)

... american-civil-war shelf: Ghost Station Zero by Antony Johnston, Bettie Page, Vol. 1 by David Avallone, James Bond: Kill Cha... ... More books shelved as spy,american-civil-war » « previous 1 2 3 4 next » ... The Secret War is a needed corrective to the many overly-laudatory books that deal with the various secret services. By most ... Kraken, a James Bond is sidelined after a botched job in South America, so he is assigned as a bodyguard to Hunt Enterprises at ...
more infohttps://www.goodreads.com/review/list/1954469-ron?order=d&page=1&shelf=spy%2Camerican-civil-war&view=table

African-American Civil War Memorial - Washington, D.C.
 - Atlas ObscuraAfrican-American Civil War Memorial - Washington, D.C. - Atlas Obscura

The first memorial dedicated solely to the African-American troops who fought for the Union. ... Discover African-American Civil War Memorial in Washington, D.C.: ... washington.org/find-dc-listings/african-american-civil-war-memorial * https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_American_Civil_War_ ... African-American Civil War Memorial. The first memorial dedicated solely to the African-American troops who fought for the ...
more infohttps://www.atlasobscura.com/places/african-american-civil-war-memorial

Edward Day Cohota - Association to commemorate the Chinese serving in the American Civil WarEdward Day Cohota - Association to commemorate the Chinese serving in the American Civil War

We would like to honor the Chinese people who fought for freedom in this new country, the United States of America. ... This is an electronic Monument built by our group to commemorate the Chinese serving in the American Civil War. ... Edward Day Cohota, Chinese Civil War Veteran (Chinese immigrant who fought for freedom in America.) Chinese Served in Civil War ... Edward Day Cohota, a Chinese soldier serving in the American Civil War and the US-Native American War. ...
more infohttps://sites.google.com/site/accsacw/Home/cohota

American Civil War facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about American Civil WarAmerican Civil War facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about American Civil War

Make research projects and school reports about American Civil War easy with credible articles from our FREE, online ... and pictures about American Civil War at Encyclopedia.com. ... MORTARS, CIVIL WAR NAVAL. MORTARS, CIVIL WAR NAVAL. Civil War ... SUBSTITUTES, CIVIL WAR. SUBSTITUTES, CIVIL WAR. No conscription in the North during the Civil War was absolute. The drafted man ... Civil War America: 1850-1870 (2011); J. I. Stokesbury, A Short History of the Civil War (2011); H. Zinn, The Other Civil War: ...
more infohttps://www.encyclopedia.com/history/united-states-and-canada/us-history/american-civil-war

History] Skirmishers of 19th Century and American Civil WarHistory] Skirmishers of 19th Century and American Civil War

American Civil War - Research&Essays SKIRMISHERS OF 19TH CENTURY AND AMERICAN CIVIL WAR SKIRMISHERS OF 19TH CENTURY AND ... Original Thread: American Civil War - Research&Essays. SKIRMISHERS OF 19TH CENTURY AND AMERICAN CIVIL WAR. SKIRMISHERS OF 19TH ... when witnessing French and Indian War, War of Independence, 19th Century Indian Wars and Mexican War, made term American way of ... Reason why such accounts don t exist can be explained by Civil War soldier s willingness to take casualties. Civil War armies ...
more infohttp://www.twcenter.net/forums/showthread.php?556814-History-Skirmishers-of-19th-Century-and-American-Civil-War

Mary Edwards Walker Doctor American Civil War WomenMary Edwards Walker Doctor American Civil War Women

Civil War Women. Women Civil War Soldiers. Womens Sufferage. Civil War Music History Civil War Exhibits. Civil War Timeline. ... Walker and the Civil War A picture of Mary Walker that allows us to see the furrows in her brow as she continued to stubbornly ... Dear America: When Will This Cruel War Be Over?. The peaceful, traditional Southern life that Emma Simpson and her family know ... At the outbreak of the Civil War, she volunteered in Washington to join the Union effort, and worked as a nurse in a temporary ...
more infohttps://www.americancivilwar.com/women/mary_edwards_walker.html

African American Civil War Memorial  | The Landscape Architects Guide to Washington, D.C.African American Civil War Memorial | The Landscape Architect's Guide to Washington, D.C.

African American Civil War Museum. The African American Civil War Museum is conveniently located across Vermont Street from the ... The African American Civil War Memorial honors the service of 208,943 soldiers during the Civil War, including 7,000 white ... African American Civil War Memorial Vermont Ave and U Street, NW (202) 667-2667. Web site. U Street Your Guide. Glenn LaRue ... The marker for the African American Civil War Memorial is prominently displayed at the corner of U and Vermont streets. The ...
more infohttps://www.asla.org/guide/Site.aspx?id=36072
  • Ohio-born William Tecumseh Sherman was named after the Shawnee chief Tecumseh who had tried to unite Ohio River Valley Native American tribes in the early 19th century. (history.com)
  • Skirmishers are known from ancient times, however, our point of interest are 19th Century skirmishers that were used in American Civil War period. (twcenter.net)
  • Conclusion for such a statement comes from contemporary military observers from Europe who, when witnessing French and Indian War, War of Independence, 19th Century Indian Wars and Mexican War, made term American way of fighting. (twcenter.net)
  • Millions of slaves were brought to America between the 17th and 19th centuries . (wikipedia.org)
  • In dollars and cents, the U.S. government estimated Jan. 1863 that the war was costing $2.5 million daily. (civilwarhome.com)
  • On July 17, 1862, the U.S. Congress passed two Acts allowing for the enlistment of "colored" troops (African Americans) but official enrollment occurred only after the effective date of the Emancipation Proclamation in January 1863. (wikipedia.org)
  • In May 1863, Congress established the Bureau of Colored Troops in an effort to organize black efforts in the war. (wikipedia.org)
  • African Americans served as medical officers after 1863, beginning with Baltimore surgeon Alexander Augusta . (wikipedia.org)
  • As captain of C.S.S. Florida during her 1863 cruise he captured 24 American merchant ships and he commissioned tender Clarence, commanded by Lieutenant Charles W. Read, whose subsequent exploits accounted for 23 additional merchantmen. (wargame.ch)
  • Later in the War, many regiments were recruited and organized as the United States Colored Troops , which reinforced the Northern side substantially in the last two years. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the rebel states refused to rejoin the Union early in the American Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation and created African-American regiments in the Union Army and Navy. (atlasobscura.com)
  • More than 200,000 African-Americans filled the 175 regiments of the United States Colored Troops (USCT), comprising approximately one-tenth of the Union's forces. (atlasobscura.com)
  • British, who could see potent force of this style of war first-handed, adopted it in their military system by seasonally drafting light infantry regiments as temporary units during field operations. (twcenter.net)
  • The chapter dedicated to "colored troops" is a condensed history of the origins of 166 African American regiments and a list of more than 35 battles in which they participated. (jhu.edu)
  • If the general public does not support such actions, then if those who would advocate civil war or armed rebellion, and they are not convienced, then it is doomed to fail. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • In that respect, the war was a test of the viability of majority rule - indeed, of democracy itself, as President Lincoln made clear in his famous address at Gettysburg . (nytimes.com)
  • Battle of Gettysburg have on the Civil War? (majortests.com)
  • Beecham, R. K. Gettysburg, The Pivotal Battle of the Civil War. (majortests.com)
  • Often the last words (or nearly last words), or otherwise memorable actions of men whose lives were tragically cut short at Gettysburg were recorded for posterity by comrades, or even opponents, who were fortunate to have survived this particular battle, if not the war. (civilwartalk.com)
  • The Civil War was also the nation's first "modern" war in that it witnessed the emergence of a variety of new military technologies. (nytimes.com)
  • Growing Irish presence and political power in the nation's cities worried elite Americans such as the Boston Brahmins, who accepted the British aristocracy's view of the Irish as a superstitious, ignorant and volatile people who had to be kept under control, if not barred from the nation's door. (historynet.com)
  • later, he led a corps in one of its climactic campaigns, against Vicksburg, Mississippi , and he commanded a federal army in the last battle of the war in the East, at Bentonville, North Carolina . (history.com)
  • On November 15, in perhaps the boldest act of the war, he led an army of sixty-two thousand men in two wings, with thirty-five thousand horses and twenty-five hundred wagons, on an overland march to Savannah-cutting himself off from his line of supply and sustaining his army on the land. (history.com)
  • When war broke out, she came to Washington and tried to join the Union Army. (americancivilwar.com)
  • Perhaps the originator and the first practitioner of what the twentieth century came to know as "total war," William Tecumseh Sherman in 1864 commanded the Union armies of the West in the decisive drive from Chattanooga to Atlanta and the famous "march to the sea" across Georgia. (history.com)
  • The year 1864 was especially eventful for African-American troops. (nps.gov)
  • New Market Heights, Virginia (Chaffin's Farm) One of the most heroic engagements involving African-Americans happened on September 29, 1864, when the USCT division of the Eighteenth Corps, after being pinned down by Confederate artillery fire for about 30 minutes, charged the earthworks and rushed up the slopes of the heights. (nps.gov)
  • The most useful military intelligence of the American Civil War was probably provided to Union officers by slaves and smugglers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their service helped to end the war and free over four million slaves. (nps.gov)
  • He was afraid that if he armed African Americans, especially escaped or former slaves, the border states would secede . (wikipedia.org)
  • In these campaigns and his later push northward from Savannah through the Carolinas, Sherman's troops carried the war to the Southern home front and blazed a wide path of destruction that delivered the death blow to the Confederacy's will and ability to fight. (history.com)
  • What made these two conflicts great for development of such tactics was primarily enemy (especially in Seven Years War) and lack of trained troops (War of Independence). (twcenter.net)
  • On July 17, 1862, Congress passed two acts allowing the enlistment of African-Americans, but official enrollment occurred only after the September 1862 issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation. (nps.gov)
  • A historical account of the neutrality of Great Britain during the American civil war [electronic resource] 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Freedom for whites coexisted uneasily with bondage for African Americans, some 20 percent of the population. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Mostly agricultural, to drive its economy southern aristocracy was infected with an enormous cancer that had grown from over Cost Of The American Civil War200 years of perpetuating the exploitation of human bondage. (whatitcosts.com)
  • Tactical or battlefield intelligence became very vital to both armies in the field during the American Civil War. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the last year of the war in particular, field armies took to relying on sophisticated entrenchments that foreshadowed the trench warfare of World War I. (nytimes.com)
  • Unlike other wars, however, it was particularly devastating to the infant country as a whole since both adversaries were American citizens, and in many cases, brothers fighting brothers, sons fighting fathers. (whatitcosts.com)
  • If you look at the numerous conflicts in Africa, where civil wars have taken off, it is brutal to the general population. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • The National Park Service , the government organization entrusted by the United States Congress to preserve the battlefields of the war, uses this term. (wikipedia.org)
  • I believe that the only things people remember about Native Americans are their brutal tendencies-but they contribute too many positive things as well. (majortests.com)
  • In much the same way, it can fairly be said that the cause of the Civil War was the growth of the North's power - both economic and political - and the fear this bred in the Southern states. (nytimes.com)
  • Potter did not consider religion at all as a factor in the war, but this essay's intention is to explore religious issues in the English Civil War of the mid-seventeenth century, the Spanish Civil War of the 1930s, and the American Civil War. (questia.com)
  • In most East Asian languages, the war is called "Battle between North and South side of the United States" or more commonly as "American (U.S.) North-South War", depending on the individual language. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the population of the South was much less than that of the North, on a per capita basis, the Civil War cost the South about $375 per person while in the North it was approximately $150 per person . (whatitcosts.com)
  • After qualifying for a Master's License, he was employed by a shipping company and commanded the merchant steamer Widgeon trading between Liverpool and South American ports. (wargame.ch)
  • Congress has never adopted an official name for the war. (wikipedia.org)
  • I thank groups such as the Chinese American Citizens Alliance and all my colleagues in Congress who made possible this long overdue resolution. (google.com)