Absence of menstruation.
Neoplastic, inflammatory, infectious, and other diseases of the hypothalamus. Clinical manifestations include appetite disorders; AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; SLEEP DISORDERS; behavioral symptoms related to dysfunction of the LIMBIC SYSTEM; and neuroendocrine disorders.
Abnormally infrequent menstruation.
The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.
Excessive or inappropriate LACTATION in females or males, and not necessarily related to PREGNANCY. Galactorrhea can occur either unilaterally or bilaterally, and be profuse or sparse. Its most common cause is HYPERPROLACTINEMIA.
Cessation of ovarian function after MENARCHE but before the age of 40, without or with OVARIAN FOLLICLE depletion. It is characterized by the presence of OLIGOMENORRHEA or AMENORRHEA, elevated GONADOTROPINS, and low ESTRADIOL levels. It is a state of female HYPERGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM. Etiologies include genetic defects, autoimmune processes, chemotherapy, radiation, and infections.
Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.
Increased levels of PROLACTIN in the BLOOD, which may be associated with AMENORRHEA and GALACTORRHEA. Relatively common etiologies include PROLACTINOMA, medication effect, KIDNEY FAILURE, granulomatous diseases of the PITUITARY GLAND, and disorders which interfere with the hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release. Ectopic (non-pituitary) production of prolactin may also occur. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch36, pp77-8)
Defects in the SEX DETERMINATION PROCESS in 46, XY individuals that result in abnormal gonadal development and deficiencies in TESTOSTERONE and subsequently ANTIMULLERIAN HORMONE or other factors required for normal male sex development. This leads to the development of female phenotypes (male to female sex reversal), normal to tall stature, and bilateral streak or dysgenic gonads which are susceptible to GONADAL TISSUE NEOPLASMS. An XY gonadal dysgenesis is associated with structural abnormalities on the Y CHROMOSOME, a mutation in the GENE, SRY, or a mutation in other autosomal genes that are involved in sex determination.
Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.
The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.
The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.
Excessive uterine bleeding during MENSTRUATION.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
Methods used for assessment of ovarian function.
Narrow channel in the MESENCEPHALON that connects the third and fourth CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.
An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Visible efflorescent lesions of the skin caused by acne or resembling acne. (Dorland, 28th ed, p18, 575)
Condition resulting from deficient gonadal functions, such as GAMETOGENESIS and the production of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES. It is characterized by delay in GROWTH, germ cell maturation, and development of secondary sex characteristics. Hypogonadism can be due to a deficiency of GONADOTROPINS (hypogonadotropic hypogonadism) or due to primary gonadal failure (hypergonadotropic hypogonadism).
Procedures used for the targeted destruction of the mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity.
A condition when the SELLA TURCICA is not filled with pituitary tissue. The pituitary gland is either compressed, atrophied, or removed. There are two types: (1) primary empty sella is due a defect in the sella diaphragm leading to arachnoid herniation into the sellar space; (2) secondary empty sella is associated with the removal or treatment of PITUITARY NEOPLASMS.
The premature cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) when the last menstrual period occurs in a woman under the age of 40. It is due to the depletion of OVARIAN FOLLICLES. Premature MENOPAUSE can be caused by diseases; OVARIECTOMY; RADIATION; chemicals; and chromosomal abnormalities.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
Pregnadienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.
Development of male secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS in the FEMALE. It is due to the effects of androgenic metabolites of precursors from endogenous or exogenous sources, such as ADRENAL GLANDS or therapeutic drugs.
Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".
Congenital conditions in individuals with a female karyotype, in which the development of the gonadal or anatomical sex is atypical.
Disorders involving either the ADENOHYPOPHYSIS or the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS. These diseases usually manifest as hypersecretion or hyposecretion of PITUITARY HORMONES. Neoplastic pituitary masses can also cause compression of the OPTIC CHIASM and other adjacent structures.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Luteinizing hormone regulates steroid production by the interstitial cells of the TESTIS and the OVARY. The preovulatory LUTEINIZING HORMONE surge in females induces OVULATION, and subsequent LUTEINIZATION of the follicle. LUTEINIZING HORMONE consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.
Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.
Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Professionals qualified by graduation from an accredited school of nursing and by passage of a national licensing examination to practice nursing. They provide services to patients requiring assistance in recovering or maintaining their physical or mental health.
A condition in which functional endometrial tissue is present outside the UTERUS. It is often confined to the PELVIS involving the OVARY, the ligaments, cul-de-sac, and the uterovesical peritoneum.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
The interactions between physician and patient.
Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
A condition of competitive female athletes in which there are interrelated problems of EATING DISORDERS; AMENORRHEA; and OSTEOPOROSIS.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.
Individuals who have developed skills, physical stamina and strength or participants in SPORTS or other physical activities.
Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.

The lipoprotein profile of women with hyperprolactinaemic amenorrhoea. (1/431)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the lipoprotein profile in women with hyperprolactinaemic amenorrhoea and to establish whether effective dopamine agonist therapy might have a beneficial effect. Blood samples were collected from women with hyperprolactinaemic amenorrhoea and from controls matched for age, body mass index and smoking. Follow-up blood samples were collected from women on dopamine agonist therapy as treatment for their hyperprolactinaemia. Plasma cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, very low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, serum oestradiol and prolactin were measured. No statistically significant differences were found in the lipoprotein profile of the patient (n = 15) and control (n = 15) groups. During treatment with the dopamine agonist, bromocriptine (n = 9), significant reduction in total cholesterol [4.87 (3.98-5.87) versus 5.60 (4.55-6.61) mmol/l, P = 0.024] and LDL cholesterol [3.22 (2.01-4.23) versus 3.72 (2.59-4.93) mmol/l, P = 0.033] was noted. We conclude that beneficial alterations in the lipoprotein profile may occur in response to effective dopamine agonist therapy, presumably as a consequence of return of ovarian function and alleviation of oestrogen deficiency. Women with hyperprolactinaemic amenorrhoea should be encouraged to take effective therapy to improve their lipoprotein profile and potentially reduce their cardiovascular risk.  (+info)

Evaluation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in amenorrhoeic women with insulin-dependent diabetes. (2/431)

Diabetes is associated with a higher incidence of secondary hypogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. In amenorrhoeic women with insulin-dependent diabetes a derangement in hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary axis has been proposed. No data exist on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function in these women. Gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH), corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH), metoclopramide and thyroid releasing hormone (TRH) tests were performed in 15 diabetic women, eight amenorrhoeic (AD) and seven eumenorrhoeic (ED). Frequent blood samples were taken during 24 h to evaluate cortisol plasma concentrations. There were no differences between the groups in body mass index, duration of diabetes, insulin dose and metabolic control. The AD women had lower plasma concentrations of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), prolactin, oestradiol, androstenedione and 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) than the ED women. The responses of pituitary gonadotrophins to GnRH, and of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) to TRH, were similar in both groups. The AD women had a lower prolactin response to TRH and metoclopramide, and lower ACTH and cortisol responses to CRH, than the ED women. Mean cortisol concentrations > 24 h were higher in the amenorrhoeic group. Significant differences in cortisol concentrations from 2400 to 1000 h were found between the two groups. Insulin-dependent diabetes may involve mild chronic hypercortisolism which may affect metabolic control. Stress-induced activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis would increase hypothalamic secretion of CRH. This would lead directly and perhaps also indirectly by increasing dopaminergic tonus to inhibition of GnRH secretion and hence hypogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. Amenorrhoea associated with metabolically controlled insulin-dependent diabetes is a form of functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea that requires pharmacological and psychological management.  (+info)

Histopathological findings of the ovaries in anovulatory women. (3/431)

Wedge resection of the ovary was carried out in 45 anovulatory women to study the correlation between the degree of disturbance of ovulation and the histopathological findings. Polycystic ovary was always found in patients with anovulatory cycles. The ovaries in grade 1 amenorrhea showing withdrawal bleeding in response to gestagen alone belonged to the nonspecific type, polycystic type and sclerotic type. These histological changes were relatively mild in many cases. The ovaries in grade 2 amenorrhea showing withdrawal bleeding in response to estrogen and gestagen but not to gestagen alone belonged to the non-specific type, polycystic type, sclerotic type, atrophic type and streak type. Even within the same histological entity, the histological findings of the ovaries were more pronounced in grade 2 amenorrhea than in grade 1 amenorrhea. The patients with primary amenorrhea had only hypoplastic and aplastic ovaries with marked histological abnormalities.  (+info)

Anti-nuclear antibodies in patients with premature ovarian failure. (4/431)

We examined the prevalence of anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) in 32 consecutive patients with premature ovarian failure with and without chromosomal abnormalities. Blood samples were taken for karyotype determination as well as detection of autoantibodies, X-terminal microdeletions and spontaneous follicular growth. The correlation between ANA positivity and the age at onset of amenorrhoea, as well as the presence of karyotype abnormalities, X-terminal microdeletions and follicular growth was determined. Ten of the 24 patients with normal karyotype and none of the 8 patients with karyotype abnormalities were ANA positive. ANA were found more frequently in patients with premature ovarian failure with normal karyotypes than in control amenorrhoeic patients (42 versus 6, P < 0.01). ANA were found in 77% (10/13) of premature ovarian failure patients with normal karyotypes who developed amenorrhoea at or under the age of 30 years, but not in the patients who developed amenorrhoea later in life. Follicular growth was evident in 50% (5/10) of karyotypically normal patients with ANA, 71% (10/14) of karyotypically normal patients without ANA and 38% (3/8) of patients with karyotype abnormalities. X-terminal microdeletions were not found in any of the patients studied. These results suggest that patients with premature ovarian failure and ANA are an aetiologically and clinically distinct group.  (+info)

Large empty sella with an intrasellar herniation of an elongated third ventricle. Case report. (5/431)

A 73-year-old female presented with a large empty sella with herniation of an elongated third ventricle concomitant with herniation of the surrounding subarachnoid space into the sella, manifesting as visual impairment and amenorrhea without galactorrhea. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography cisternography clearly showed the large empty sella, without evidence of either hydrocephalus or benign intracranial hypertension, which is extremely rare.  (+info)

Variation of luteinizing hormone and androgens in oligomenorrhoea and its implications for the study of polycystic ovary syndrome. (6/431)

We measured luteinizing hormone (LH) and androgen concentrations in patients at different phases of the oligomenorrhoeic cycle and compared the results with those of patients with normogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. Several blood samples separated by >/=7 days were obtained from each of 72 patients with oligomenorrhoea and 18 with normogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. The oligomenorrhoeic cycle was divided into five phases: the postmenstrual phase week 1 (day 1-7) and week 2 (day 8-14), the specific oligomenorrhoeic phase (SOP, day 15 after a menstruation to day 21 before the next menstruation), the possibly peri-ovulatory phase (days 21-11 before menstruation) and the premenstrual phase (days 10-1 before menstruation). Samples obtained in the possibly peri-ovulatory phase were excluded. Within individuals LH concentrations were significantly higher during the SOP than during all other phases of the oligomenorrhoeic cycle (paired t-test, P = 0.0001-0.03). In contrast to the other phases of the oligomenorrhoeic cycle, no significant differences in gonadotrophins, androgen or oestradiol concentrations were found between the SOP and normogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. In oligomenorrhoea timing of blood sampling influences the measurement of LH and androgen concentrations, and the accurate interpretation of these measurements requires that the dates of menstruation both before and after the sample is taken should be known. In patients with oligomenorrhoea blood samples should be obtained during the SOP, when the endocrinology is comparable with that of normogonadotrophic amenorrhoea.  (+info)

Long-term treatment with bromocriptine of a plurihormonal pituitary adenoma secreting thyrotropin, growth hormone and prolactin. (7/431)

A 48-year-old female presented with acromegaly, amenorrhea and hyperthyroidism associated with high serum free T4 levels and measurable TSH concentrations. The administration of GHRH induced significant increases in GH, PRL and TSH. Conversely, intravenous infusion of dopamine or oral administration of bromocriptine effectively inhibited GH, PRL and TSH secretion. Serum alpha-subunit levels were neither affected by GHRH, dopamine nor bromocriptine. Transsphenoidal surgery was performed and immunostaining of the tissue showed that the adenoma cells were positive for GH, PRL or TSH. The patient was treated with bromocriptine at a daily oral dose of 10 mg after surgery. Serum TSH were initially suppressed but returned within reference intervals with persistent normalized free T4 levels. Serum PRL became undetectable and GH levels were stable around 6 ng/ml except the periods of poor drug compliance, when serum TSH, GH and PRL levels rose considerably. The patient was followed-up for 10 years without any change in the residual adenoma tissues as detected by magnetic resonance imaging. These findings suggest that long-term bromocriptine therapy is effective in treating the hypersecretory state of a plurihormonal adenoma secreting TSH, GH and PRL.  (+info)

Variability of breast sucking, associated milk transfer and the duration of lactational amenorrhoea. (8/431)

Quantitative relationships between physical parameters of sucking, milk transfer and the duration of amenorrhoea were examined in normal mother-baby pairs under exclusive breastfeeding. Sucking pressures were recorded twice on the second and once on the fifth month after birth, during complete breastfeeding episodes, by means of a catheter attached to the nipple and connected to a pressure transducer, the signals of which were analysed by computer. Babies were weighed before and after each sucking episode to estimate milk transfer. In the first nursing episode after noon, 2-month-old babies sucked from 140 to > 800 times during 4-15 min from the first breast, obtaining from 20 to > 100 g milk. The physical parameters of sucking and milk transfer exhibited high inter-individual but low intra-individual variabilities. There were significant differences in the physical parameters of sucking and milk transfer efficiency between first and second breast and between the second and fifth months after birth. Milk transfer efficiency was inversely correlated with time occupied by non-sucking pauses > or = 1.5 s, and was directly correlated with mean intersuck intervals in the first breast and with duration of the sucking episode, number of sucks, mean pressure and area under the pressure curve in the second breast. There was no correlation between the physical parameters of sucking and duration of lactational amenorrhoea (n = 62). However, significantly more mothers had amenorrhoea lasting > 180 days among those whose babies spent a longer proportion of the nursing episode in non-sucking pauses > or = 1.5 s. This finding indicates that sensory stimulation of the nipple produced during a nursing episode by stimuli other than sucking itself may have an important role in sustaining lactational amenorrhoea. It is concluded that nursing episodes have a complex structure that allows the development of a breastfeeding phenotype in each mother-baby pair, exhibiting important inter-individual variability. The present analysis does not support the contention that this source of variability accounts for the variability in the duration of lactational amenorrhoea.  (+info)

Amenorrhea, or amenorrhoea is one of the prime causes of infertility among women. It is a type of menstrual condition when menstrual periods do not occur for more than three months in a woman. It can happen either in the early age, during puberty, or in later life. Amenorrhea can be classified as primary Amenorrhea and secondary Amenorrhea.. The first classification of Amenorrhea, that is, Primary Amenorrhea is a condition, when there is no menstrual at puberty. Secondary Amenorrhea is a condition, when menstruation stops suddenly or becomes irregular. Amenorrhea is just a sign and it is not a disease itself, which normally arises as a result of some serious health problem.. There are several causes of Amenorrhea, which are discussed in the following lines. Ovulation abnormality is one of the prime causes of Amenorrhea, more precisely, the cause of frequently missed or irregular menstrual periods. When women do not start her periods, even at the age of 16, the causes can be diagnosed as ...
Hi in the past I was diagnosed with primary amenorrhea, after seeing a specialist he has now said it is hypothalamic amenorrhea. I guess my question is does anyone know of any natural treatments I can do to begin my periods. I am desperately eager to have a baby and I know that injectibles are an option for me, but I wanted to try a natural approach first. I was informed that through all my tests that everything appears normal, however I still do not have a cycle. Please help with any useful information.. Reply Follow This Thread Stop Following This Thread Flag this Discussion ...
Polycystic ovary syndrome can cause secondary amenorrhea, Even though the hyperlink among the two is not really very well recognized. Ovarian failure relevant to early onset menopause could potentially cause secondary amenorrhea, and Even though the ailment can usually be dealt with, It is far from usually reversible. Secondary amenorrhea is additionally due to pressure, Excessive weight reduction, or extreme workout. Younger athletes are notably susceptible, although standard menses normally return with nutritious overall body excess weight. Causes of secondary amenorrhea can also cause Main amenorrhea, particularly if present right before onset of menarche.[26][27 ...
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
Stefani, I appreciate your unique blog and all the great information that you share. A couple of years ago, your cautionary post on intermittent (and other types of) fasting by women helped me a lot, and since then, at various times, in the comment sections of newspaper/magazine articles and other blogs articles about fasting, I have posted a link to that article by you so women who are thinking of doing some kind of fast will have a more nuanced understanding of what it might entail for them (as females).. Regarding the topic of hypothalmic amenorrhea and other endocrinological issues, I would like to mention to readers who have not received hypothalmic amenorrhea as an official diagnosis by a doctor, but who have an array of confusing symptoms and are trying to figure out what it might mean, that what they are dealing with may not be this, but may be another endocrinological problem. One of the readers who commented earlier here mentioned that her doctors had looked into endometriosis, ...
Prolonged breast-feeding is an encouraged tradition in Egypt. Breastfeeding is associated with variable degrees of amenorrhea and infertility but there is a risk of resumption of fertility and therefore, of conception during lactation. A consensus statement formalized the lactational amenorrhea method of contraception (LAM), which has subsequently been included in the family planning programs in some developing countries. It has proved to be effective with cumulative pregnancy rates ranging from only 0.9% to 1.2%. However, if any of the prerequisites of LAM expire at any time, the contraceptive efficacy will be much reduced.. The expiry of LAM requirements can occur unexpectedly at a time the woman is not ready to visit a clinic to initiate another contraceptive. Pregnancy during breast-feeding may result in mistimed, unplanned and sometimes unwanted childbirth. A study done in Egypt has shown that one in 4 of pregnancies during lactation were unplanned Such pregnancies, in addition to their ...
Amenorrhea is a sign of a potentially serious problem for athletes, now and for their future health. The hormonal imbalance causing menstrual dysfunction can adversely affect sports performance. But the long term risks of such hormonal imbalance include infertility, osteoporosis, sexual and adrenal dysfunction.. Overtraining and its associated lifestyle factors, especially diet, contributes to amenorrhea and has been termed the overtraining syndrome. Endurance athletes, those focused on aesthetics, and those involved with high-intensity training and competition are at greatest risk.. In the study cited above, 60% of the group had diets deficient in calories and nutrients, especially protein, healthy fats, and calcium. This is frequently accompanied by excessively low body weight and body fat. Femoral fat stores - those around the hips, buttocks, and thighs are important for female health. While some amenorrheic athletes consume an energy-deficient diet, others consume the same total calories as ...
A study led by sports medicine researcher Anne Hoch, D.O. at The Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee has found that oral folic acid may provide a safe and inexpensive treatment to improve vascular function in young female runners who are amenorrheic (not menstruating). The study is published in the May 2010 issue of Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.. While the benefits for women leading an active lifestyle, including running, are profound and well-known, there are serious exercise-associated health risks. Young female athletes who do not eat enough to offset the energy they expend exercising can stop menstruating or develop irregular menses as a consequence. Their resulting estrogen profile is similar to that of postmenopausal women who have low estrogen levels placing the young women at higher risk for early onset heart disease.. There are nearly three million girls in high school sports and approximately 23 million women who run at least six times a week. The prevalence of ...
Womens health - Primary Amenorrhea Support Group - Amenorrhea is a menstrual disorder in women indicating absence of menses. Menstruation signals womanhood, the gift of procreation, re-creation, and regeneration.
Amenorrhea is the transient or permanent absence of menstrual flow and may be subdivided into primary and secondary presentations, relative to menarche. Although overlapping attributes exist between the two groups, the diagnostic approaches vary significantly. The prevalence of primary amenorrhea...
Title: Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM) of Family Planning Author: bdeller Last modified by: adminime Created Date: 12/28/2007 2:41:26 PM Document presentation format – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 72ba97-NWYxZ
Looking for amenorrhea? Find out information about amenorrhea. cessation of menstruation menstruation, periodic flow of blood and cells from the lining of the uterus in humans and most other primates, occurring about... Explanation of amenorrhea
In patients with secondary amenorrhoea elevated basal 17-fluorogenic corticosteroid and androstenedione levels were found. In addition, underweight patients had elevated basal growth hormone levels, markedly suppressed basal gonadotrophin levels and impaired pituitary FSH and EH release after ERF-injection. Growth hormone and prolactin secretion in response to insulin-induced hypoglycaemia were also impaired in these patients. Low basal 17Β-oestradiol levels were found in patients with low FSH and EH but also in women with elevated prolactin levels who had normal peripheral gonadotrophin levels. Clomiphene responsiveness was related to the basal gonadotrophin and prolactin concentrations. It is hypothesised that the abnormalities in hypothalamic-pituitary function in women with secondary amenorrhoea may be a result of selective neurotransmitter deficiencies ...
Your fifteen-year-old patient has been diagnosed with secondary amenorrhea. The urine human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is negative and Prolactin levels are
Hirsutism, Muscle Mass Decreased, Secondary Amenorrhea Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Menopause, Prolactinoma, Virilization. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Luteinizing Hormone Low, Obesity, Primary Amenorrhea Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Kallmann Syndrome, Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism Type 22. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Questions & Answers 301 Have a questions to be answered by Dr. Morse? Send it to: [email protected] Thank you!!! 16:11 - Leigh - 42-year-old with CMT, Scoliosis, Asthma, Migraines, Obesity, Pineal Cyst, and other health concerns. (Eye Review). 49:38 - Jeeyumi - My thought will be based on what is happening to me for the last couple months which is: When Im eating good (very high raw), Im not filering, when I eat cooked stuff or processed food I then filter real good. 54:01 - Patty - Eye pictures requested by Dr. Morse - Fell Rock Climbing. 01:06:00 - Natalie - I have a diagnosis of Primary Amenorrhea - meaning I have not received my cycle naturally. Like a very early menopause. On an ultrasound the doctor witnessed very small and not functioning ovaries when I was 16 and gave me pregnancy pills…. ...
We report a 14-year-old girl with primary amenorrhea and virilization. The chromosomal analysis showed a normal 46,XX female karyotype and the hormonal assays disclosed high serum levels of testostero
Primary amenorrhea answers are found in the Diagnosaurus powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Clinical record. A 22-year-old Taiwanese woman on a working holiday in Australia was admitted to hospital in March 2011 with a cervical spine fracture from a motor vehicle accident. During her hospital stay it was noted that she had metabolic alkalosis with significant hypokalaemia.. Her past medical history included presentation at 16 years of age with primary amenorrhoea that was attributed to pubertal delay. At that time, she was given oestrogen-progesterone replacement therapy, which induced withdrawal bleeding. She noted an increase in stature after commencing hormone replacement therapy, growing to the height of her two brothers. She was diagnosed with mild hypertension at a pre-immigration health check in Taiwan. After arriving in Australia, 12 months before the accident, she had stopped taking hormonal therapy and experienced complete cessation of withdrawal bleeds. She was ethnically Han Chinese with no family history of consanguinity.. Physical examination revealed she was tall and ...
AbstractThe authors discuss the case of a 21-year-old female of Afro-Caribbean origin, who presented with primary amenorrhoea, and was found to have congenital absence of the uterus and fallopian tubes in the presence of a normal vaginal cavity.
Get information, facts, and pictures about amenorrhea at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about amenorrhea easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Amenorrhea. Transient, intermittent, or permanentResults from dysfunction of the hypothalamus, pituitary, ovaries, uterus, or vagina . Primary vs. Secondary Amenorrhea . Primary: Absence of menarche by the age of 16.Secondary: absence of menses for more than three cycle intervals or six months...
Amenorrhea refers to absence of menstruation. Some of the primary amenorrhea causes include non existence of the uterus or inability of the ovaries to preserve eggs.
Abstract. Primary amenorrhea which result commonly from sex chromosome aberration as geneticabnormalities, may result from oneaberration in autosomal chromosomes or in association with sex chromosomal aberrations. Chromosomal analysis was performed for the 26 years old lady (married and infertile) with primary amenorrhea by using G-band technique. Four autosomal chromosomes are involved in producing primary amenorrhea with normal phenotype, secondary characteristics were associated with mosaic karyotypes the1st: 46,XX,(3;5;10)(q13-23;q23-35;22-25),(5;19)(qter;p13.2),del(19p13.2).2nd: 45,XX, ,(3;5;10)(q13-23;q23-35;22-25),del(12),del(12),del(19p13.2),(M).The sex chromosomes look normal.The conclusion was that may be some autosomal chromosomes regulate reproductive development and may the alerted regions on chromosomes in recent study have effect somehow on regulation of reproductive development.. انقطاع الطمث الابتدائي الذي يمثل احد التشوهات الجنينية ...
Objective: To determine whether cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), which we had shown in a previous study to restore ovarian function in women with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA), could also ameliorate hypercortisolemia and improve other neuroendocrine and metabolic concomitants of in FHA. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Clinical research center at an academic medical university. Patient(s): Seventeen women with FHA were randomized either to CBT or observation. Intervention(s): CBT versus observation. Main Outcome Measure(s): Circulatory concentrations of cortisol, leptin, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), total and free thyronine (T 3 ), and total and free thyroxine (T 4 ) before and immediately after completion of CBT or observation. (Each woman served as her own control.) Result(s): Cognitive behavior therapy but not observation reduced cortisol levels in women with FHA. There were no changes in cortisol, leptin, TSH, T 3 , or T 4 levels in women randomized to ...
Diet also plays an important role. Decreased caloric intake and a high fibre diet are associated with a raised level of Serum Sex Hormone Binding Globulin and lowered levels of biological active oestrogens.. There is a higher incidence of amenorrhea in athletes who have a low caloric intake or who are vegetarians. The increased fibre is thought to bind with calcium and reduce calcium absorption. Excess fibre may also lead to decreased bone density by the binding of steroids to fibre or indirectly by decreasing enterohepatic circulation of oestrogens, either of which would have a negative effect on bone remodelling.. Increases in dietary fat consumption are associated with increased levels of circulating oestrogens. Amenorrheic athletes have an increased risk of musculosketal injuries and may have a low calcium and vitamin D intake. The recommended daily calcium for an adolescent is 1500mg and 800 international units of vitamin D.. Drinkwater et al (1990) reported vertebral BMD to be ...
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Iso-chromosome of long arm of X chromosome i(Xq), which occurs due to abnormal transverse cleavage of the centromere during cell division, found in some cases Turner Syndrome. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of isochromosome X in patients with short stature with or with- out primary (PA) and secondary amenorrhea (SA) in our population. An observational study done comprised of female patients who had been referred to our cytogenetic outdoor of Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences (VIMS), Kolkata, India with the history of short stature with or without amenorrhoea between 2012, January-2014, December and designed as original article. The female patients aged between 10-25years having short stature with or with-out primary or secondary amenorrhea who were referred to the cytogenetic outdoor for chromosomal analysis from the departments of Pediatric medicine, Endocrinology, Gynaecology from different hospitals of Eastern India were included in the study. Lymphocyte culture ...
Diagnosis begins with a gynecologist/care provider evaluating a females medical history and a complete physical examination including a pelvic examination. A diagnosis of amenorrhea can only be certain when the physician/care provider rules out other menstrual disorders, medical conditions, or medications that may be causing or aggravating the condition. In addition, a diagnosis of amenorrhea requires that a female has missed at least three consecutive menstrual cycles, without being pregnant. Young women who have not had their first menstrual period by the age of 15 should be evaluated promptly, as making an early diagnosis and starting treatment as soon as possible is very important.. ...
Diagnosis begins with a gynecologist/care provider evaluating a females medical history and a complete physical examination including a pelvic examination. A diagnosis of amenorrhea can only be certain when the physician/care provider rules out other menstrual disorders, medical conditions, or medications that may be causing or aggravating the condition. In addition, a diagnosis of amenorrhea requires that a female has missed at least three consecutive menstrual cycles, without being pregnant. Young women who have not had their first menstrual period by the age of 15 should be evaluated promptly, as making an early diagnosis and starting treatment as soon as possible is very important.. ...
Amenorrhea is defined as a health condition of absence of period 1. Primary amenrrhea Women who are at age 18, but for what ever reason have never menstruated or 2. Secondary amenrrhea is defined as period beginning at the appropriate age, but later stops for more than 3 cycles.
There are two main ways to classify amenorrhea, one is by the cause and the other is by the function. The cause can be either primary or secondary, while the function refers to the type of hormones that are involved in the absence of menstruation. Both of these categorizations of types of amenorrhea are discussed in more detail below.
Your period is missing! Where and why did it go? When will it come back? And why is this bothering you so much when youve wished countless times for your period to go away?. Anyone who has experienced a lost period - amenorrhea - knows about the anxiety caused by the sudden disappearance of our friend who usually visits every month. I mean, how dare she just dip out on you when shes accompanied you (without invitation!) to so many dances, dates, beach weekends, and final exams?. Amenorrhea isnt a disease, curse, or illness, but rather a symptom of something else going on within your body. Finding out exactly what is behind your amenorrhea can sometimes be tricky because it can be an indicator of many different issues.. The following are some of the main causes of amenorrhea so you can begin figuring it out:. 1. Hormone imbalances. For the most part hormonal imbalances are behind the majority of amenorrhea cases. Typically, the hormonal imbalance associated with amenorrhea is low estrogen or a ...
Causes of amenorrhea are many and many of the causes of amenorrhea are due to normal physiological process of a womans life, such as before starting of
Source: Adapted from the National Institutes of Health. What does the term amenorrhea mean? The term amenorrhea refers to absence of menstrual periods. To find out more about this term, please search the news section of this website for related articles and information.. ...
A natural consequence of breastfeeding is the spacing of births. However, in some cultures, especially those that practice a variety of nursing styles, misconceptions about breastfeeding and fertility abound. A 1997 edition of Healthy Pregnancy magazine states, Contrary to popular belief, breastfeeding does not halt ovulation, so it is not an effective birth control method. As many fully breastfeeding mothers know, lactational amenorrhea (absence of menstrual periods as a result of breastfeeding) does affect their ability to get pregnant. Scientific data supporting this has been mounting for years. The Bellagio Consensus Conference on Breastfeeding as a Family Planning Method established that fully breastfeeding mothers who remain amenorrheic have less than a two percent chance of becoming pregnant in the first six months postpartum. Fully breastfeeding is defined as supplementing no more than one or two mouthfuls a day and waiting no more than four to six hours between nursings. A woman ...
The how-to information appeared to deal with assault of wives as a traditional a part of day by day life within the African nation. Most ladiess health studies show that women can safely consume one drink a day. For amenorrheic athletes, the calcium RDA of 800 milligrams for ladies over the age of 24 is insufficient. Boost calcium intake (together with vitamin D and magnesium) to support bone well being and prevent osteoporosis.. Girls typically say no thank you to pink meat as a consequence of its fats content, but by choosing lean cuts you will get your iron whereas still sustaining a low-fat weight loss plan. Nevertheless, many people dont get nearly sufficient iron in our diets, making iron deficiency anemia the most common deficiency in ladies.. Well being Complete is a prominent identify in vitamin, weight reduction, well being, and lifestyle administration. Back to your fire, or metabolism; ladies that feed their our bodies with 300 energy each three hours might be naturally boosting ...
A 16-year-old girl presents with primary amenorrhea. She reports slow progression of puberty and no significant change in breast tissue over the past 3.5 years. Whats the cause?
Women with conditions that make pregnancy an unacceptable risk should be advised that the LAM may not be appropriate for them because of its relatively higher typical-use failure rates.. A woman living with HIV can transmit the virus to her child through breastfeeding. Yet breastfeeding, and especially early and exclusive breastfeeding, is one of the most critical factors for improving child survival. Breastfeeding also confers many other benefits in addition to reducing the risk of death.. Giving antiretroviral medications (ARVs) to either the HIV-positive mother or the HIV-exposed infant or both can significantly reduce the risk of transmitting HIV through breastfeeding.. In the presence of ARVs - either lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) to the mother or other ARV interventions to the mother or infant - the infant can receive all the benefits of breastfeeding with little risk of acquiring HIV. In some well-resourced countries with low infant and child mortality rates, avoidance of all ...
infant sucking of nipple ,,,, hypothalamus ,,,, increase prolatin RH & decrease GnRH ,,,,, pitutary ,,,, increase prolactin & decrease FSH & LH ,,,, Supress ...
to the editor: I would like to share a recent experience I had in my practice. A 42-year-old woman presented for her annual physical examination. Before entering the examination room, I reviewed her history: she had remarried three years ago, and she and her new husband had wanted to try for a pregnancy. She had been amenorrheic and had seen another family physician for counseling and an obstetrician-gynecologist for initial infertility evaluation. I had guided her through therapy with clomiphene citrate (Clomid). By the time of this recent visit, she and her husband had given up on having a child long ago. I had her raise her left arm above her head for a breast examination and noticed a Norplant device on the under surface of her arm. When I asked her about it, she said, I had completely forgotten about it. I removed the Norplant this week, shared the story with the multiple other physicians involved in her infertility counseling (with her permission), and have learned to look for this ...
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6. A 24-year-old woman presents with the absence of periods for nine months. She started her periods at the age of 13 years and had a regular 28-day cycle until 18 months ago. The periods then became irregular, occurring every two to three months until they stopped completely. The following are all included in the differential diagnosis of secondary amenorrhoea, apart from ...
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Diseases or tumors of the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus are one cause of hypothalamic amenorrhea. The hypothalamus is an area of the brain that controls hormone production. The hypothalamus tells the pituitary gland to signal the reproductive glands to make hormones. A disruption in this delicate chain of command can result in an estrogen deficiency. Estrogen is essential for regulating the menstrual cycle. A progestin challenge test is used to determine if a lack of estrogen is the problem. Other tests used in the diagnosis of hypothalamic amenorrhea may include laparoscopy, imaging, physical exam, pelvic exam, blood tests, and a pregnancy test.. Oral contraceptives are prescribed as a treatment for both hypothalamic amenorrhea and polycystic ovary disease. If the problem stems from thyroid or pituitary disturbances, different medications will be prescribed. People who have had previous central nervous system chemotherapy or radiation may develop hypothalamic amenorrhea. Young female ...
Looking for online definition of amenorrheic in the Medical Dictionary? amenorrheic explanation free. What is amenorrheic? Meaning of amenorrheic medical term. What does amenorrheic mean?
Hypothalamic Amenorrhea - This forum is for those diagnosed with Hypothalamic Amenorrhea. Please keep in mind this is a forum for those actively in tr
Hypothalamic amenorrhea (HA) is a one of the main causes of functional reproductive disorder in females. The condition involves the cessation of menstrual cycles in pre-menopausal women in the absence of any specific organic failures (no ovarian cancer, pituitary tumors, etc.). HA can be caused by many environmental factors, but the three leaders are: stress,…
Julie Duffy Dillon is a Fat Positive Dietitian, PCOS Specialist, and Food Behavior Expert who partners with people along their Food Peace journey.. In this episode I talk to Julie about PCOS and how she supports women with this condition without restrictive weight loss diets.. Julie shares with us some of the common struggles women with PCOS experince such as confusion, hunger, weight gain, their relationship with food, poor body image, stress and anxiety and difficulty in falling pregnant and HOW she helps them.. We also talk about the difference between Hypothalamic Amenorrhea in terms of treatment/management and diagnosis.. For more on Julie visit her website, Instagram (@foodpeacedietitian) or Podcast - Love Food. More information on my services: ...
Heres the notes for episode #094 of The Paleo Women Podcast. Be sure to check back every Tuesday for a new episode, and head over to iTunes or Stitcher to subscribe!. To leave a review for the podcast (HORRAY!), go to: http://coconutsandkettlebells.com/review. In this episode, Stefani and Noelle discuss PCOS and hypothalamic amenorrhea, pooping concerns, & the copper IUD.. Got a question youd like us to answer? Email us at [email protected] 10% of the funds we receive from our sponsors is donated directly to our partner charity, Thistle Farms, a place where women survivors of abuse, addiction, trafficking and prostitution receive help and support through residential programs, therapy, education, and employment opportunities. Because we get paid per download, you are actively supporting Thistle Farms by downloading our podcast each week.. ...
Return of menstruation following childbirth varies widely among individuals. This return does not necessarily mean a woman has begun to ovulate again. The first postpartum ovulatory cycle might occur before the first menses following childbirth or during subsequent cycles.[4] A strong relationship has been observed between the amount of suckling and the contraceptive effect, such that the combination of feeding on demand rather than on a schedule and feeding only breast milk rather than supplementing the diet with other foods will greatly extend the period of effective contraception.[8] In fact, it was found that among the Hutterites, more frequent bouts of nursing, in addition to maintenance of feeding in the night hours, led to longer lactational amenorrhea.[9] An additional study that references this phenomenon cross-culturally was completed in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and has similar findings. Mothers who breastfed exclusively longer showed a longer span of lactational amenorrhea, ...
As more girls are becoming involved in intense athletic training at a young age, health issues centring on the female athlete triad have become a concern. Disordered eating, menstrual dysfunction, and osteoporosis are the three interrelated components of the female athlete triad, a potentially serious syndrome often seen in physically active girls and women, which can result in decreased performance, both short and long term morbidity, and even mortality.1. Disordered eating refers to eating behaviours used to lose weight or achieve a lean appearance.1 These behaviours can cause disturbances in menstrual function, which may be seen as primary amenorrhoea (defined as the absence of menstruation by age 16), secondary amenorrhoea (defined as the absence of menses for three or more months in women who have reached menarche), or oligomenorrhoea (defined as menstrual cycle duration greater than 36 days). A high incidence of secondary amenorrhoea has been reported for athletes in certain sports.2 Among ...
Bope ET, Kellerman RD, eds. Conns Current Therapy 2013 . 1st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012. Böhnert KJ. The use of Vitex agnus castus for hyperprolactinemia. Quart Rev Nat Med . 1997;Spring:19-21. Bruni V, Dei M, MOrelli C, Schettino MT, Balzi D, Nuvolone D. Body composition variables and leptin levels in functional hypothalamic amenorrhea and amenorrhea related to eating disorders. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol . 2011;24(6):347-52. Cardigno P. Homeopathy for the treatment of menstrual irregularities: a case series. Homeopathy . 2009 Apr;98(2):97-106. Carr AC, Frei B. Toward a new recommended dietary allowance for vitamin C based on antioxidant and health effects in humans. Am J Clin Nutr . 1999;69(6):1086-107. Chen B-Y. Acupuncture normalizes dysfunction of hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. Acupunct Electro-Therapeut Res . 1997;22:97-108. Feldmann JM, Belsha JP, Elissa MA, Middleman AB. Female adolescent athletes awareness of the connection between menstrual status and bone ...
Secondary amenorrhoea and galactorrhoea represent a common endocrine presentation. We report a case of an oestrogen-producing juvenile granulosa cell tumour (JGCT) of the ovary in a 16-year-old post-pubertal woman with hyperprolactinaemia amenorrhoea and galactorrhoea which resolved following surgical resection of the tumour. This patient presented with a 9-month history of secondary amenorrhoea and a 2-month history of galactorrhoea. Elevated serum prolactin at 7081 mIU/l and suppressed gonadotropins (LH ,0.1 U/l; FSH ,0.1 U/l) were detected. Serum oestradiol was significantly elevated at 7442 pmol/l with undetectable β-human chorionic gonadotropin. MRI showed a bulky pituitary with no visible adenoma. MRI of the abdomen showed a 4.8 cm mass arising from the right ovary with no evidence of metastatic disease. Serum inhibin B was elevated at 2735 ng/l. A right salpingo-oophorectomy was performed, and histology confirmed the diagnosis of a JGCT, stage International Federation of Gynaecology and ...
Delay of the menstrual cycle and abnormal menses has been shown to be a risk factor for scoliosis progression. Orthopedic treatment alone is not enough.
Hi Nico, I also wanted to thank you for this info. I have been diagnosed with HA as well, however my profile does not quite fit the normal profile in that Im not underweight or do excessive sport, but it appears that I have this problem due to excessive stress levels. It also appears that my body went into this sort of hybernation (HA is basically the pituitary gland hybernating) because I used an Implanon which was inserted after I had my son 4 years ago. The Implanon depresses the function of the pituitary gland and it appears that this is what tipped me over the edge into HA. I have had the Implanon removed in May 2007 and have not had any periods since. I have not reacted to the provera withdrawl bleed and the MRI has ruled out pituitary tumor/sheehans syndrom. I should add that before Implanon I was on the loette and never had any period issues or issues conceiving my son. It seems that women with Type A personalities are more prone to HA especially in combination with a depressant such ...
Hi Nico, I also wanted to thank you for this info. I have been diagnosed with HA as well, however my profile does not quite fit the normal profile in that Im not underweight or do excessive sport, but it appears that I have this problem due to excessive stress levels. It also appears that my body went into this sort of hybernation (HA is basically the pituitary gland hybernating) because I used an Implanon which was inserted after I had my son 4 years ago. The Implanon depresses the function of the pituitary gland and it appears that this is what tipped me over the edge into HA. I have had the Implanon removed in May 2007 and have not had any periods since. I have not reacted to the provera withdrawl bleed and the MRI has ruled out pituitary tumor/sheehans syndrom. I should add that before Implanon I was on the loette and never had any period issues or issues conceiving my son. It seems that women with Type A personalities are more prone to HA especially in combination with a depressant such ...
I first had symptoms when i was 17 and was told that i had PCOS (thin people type PCOS) and was officially diagnosed at 22 ans now i am 35. I have always had regular periods and unless on birth control pills were they irregular at times and I had a hard time getting pregnant because of the absent periods. I was always told by doctors that I would have a hard time conceiving so I would only go on the pill periodically which i did for more than 4 years, not for protection against getting pregnant, but just to get a period (since I was told its not healthy to have less than 4 or so periods a year). Last time I went on a 3 month birth control pill and then stopped again because the medicine was not curing my pcos nor making me get pregnant. I went in search for a cure and ended up with so many drugs, medicine and even soaps that didnt work. I actually thought at a point that i was cursed that there is no cure for it, i was prepared to live like that till i read a testimony of a patient who ...
Ive always been into health and fitness and thought they were one in the same. I exercised most days of the week and ate what I thought was a healthy diet for me, while maintaining a fairly low body weight. I was into running long distance races like half- marathons, marathons and trail races and trained to get faster. I liked pushing my body to see how far I could run or how fast I could go. I also strength trained, took spin classes, swam, did boot camps and the occasional yoga class for cross training. I thought my fitness level made me healthy and frankly was oblivious to all the symptoms that told a different story.. After ending a long-term relationship I decided to stop taking the birth control pill. Id heard it was bad for your health and depleted certain nutrients such as your B vitamins and zinc. My period stopped as soon as I stopped putting those artificial hormones into my body. My training also increased with the end of that relationship as I had more time to focus on it. A year ...
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Feeling fat & lazy when recovering form HA is normal! Here are quick tips to stop the downward thought spiral and boost your confidence.
Objective: To identify the prevalence of hormonal contraceptive (HC) use, menstrual cycle disturbances, and self-perceived physical and emotional symptoms related to the menstrual cycle/pill cycle in elite female athletes. Methods: One hundred eighty-six Danish elite female athletes completed an online questionnaire to assess menstrual status and history, use of HCs, and self-perceived physical and emotional symptoms related to the menstrual cycle or HC use. Results: Fifty-seven percent of elite female athletes in Denmark use HC, with 74% using combined HCs and 26% using progestin only. Sixty percent of oral contraceptive users reported having manipulated their menstrual cycle by continuous oral contraceptive use. Forty-nine percent of non-HC users had a regular menstrual cycle, while 51% experienced menstrual disturbances, with 1 athlete being primary amenorrheic and 13 athletes having secondary amenorrhea. Menstrual disturbances were experienced by a larger proportion of endurance athletes ...
Ovarian cyst amenorrhea - I have ovarian cysts and amenorrhea for years with a cycle that is only induced by birth control. Are there any natural ways to develop a cycle? See medical expert. If there is a history of ovarian cysts and/or abnormal hormone effect, a woman definitely needs to be seen by an expert in gynecology or rei. It is important to receive their treatment recommendations. At some point she might need to be evaluated further and treated differently. Rarely cancer can occur if the lining of the uterus is not shed properly, and natural ways have unpredictable results.
SUMMARY. Two sisters with deficient 17-hydroxylase activity are described. The enzyme, 17-hydroxylase, is necessary for both Cortisol and estrogen synthesis. Deficiency of these hormones results in increased adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Synthesis of deoxycorticosterone (DOC) and corticosterone (B) does not require 17-hydroxylation and is increased with resultant hypertension. Estrogen lack results in primary amenorrhea and absent sexual maturation. Ovarian enlargement and infarction from twisting also occur. Suppressive therapy with dexamethasone and estrogens has lowered the blood pressure and produced feminization. ...
Menstrual dysfunction (MD), possibly due to lower energy availability (EA), is prevalent in active women and associated with unfavorable heath consequences. PURPOSE: To determine if EA improvements in endurance-trained women, using a daily Carbohydrate-Protein supplement (CHO-PRO), will restore menstrual function and improve musculoskeletal health. METHODS: Athletes with MD (ExMD; n=8; age=23±3y, VO₂max=49±6ml·kg⁻¹·min⁻¹, body fat=22±5%) completed a 6-mo intervention; a CHO-PRO drink was consumed (360kcal·d⁻¹) and assessments were made pre/post-intervention: 1) reproductive and thyroid hormones, bone markers; 2) energy intake and expenditure using 7-d weighed food and physical activity records, accelerometry; 3) body composition, bone mineral density (BMD), lower muscle strength and power; and 5) phosphorylated FoXO1a, p70S6K, and AMPK as indicators of muscle net protein balance. For comparison, eumenorrheic athletes (Eumen, n=10, age=23±4y, VO₂max=51±5ml·kg⁻¹·min⁻¹, ...
Case Reports 2016; 37(3): 174-178 PubMed PMID: 27618599 Citation Keywords: Adult, Biopsy, Fine-Needle, Female, Goiter:diagnostic imaging, Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell:complications, Hormones:blood, Humans, Hypopituitarism:diagnostic imaging, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Treatment Outcome, Ultrasonography,. : Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) in adults is a rare disorder of unknown etiology characterized by monoclonal proliferation of Langerhans cells. It belongs to dendritic cell disorders and occurs in 1-2 adults per million. The most common endocrine manifestation of classical LCH is associated with the posterior pituitary, with clinical symptoms of diabetes insipidus. Less than 80 reported cases of LCH involving the thyroid gland have been published so far. We present the case of a 39 years old woman with 10 years history of diabetes insipidus and secondary amenorrhoea, which appeared after second delivery. She was suspected for lymphocytic inflammation of pituitary and she was ...
Duphaston is a synthetic hormone applied in treatment of secondary amenorrhoea, dysfunctional uterine bleeding and post-menopausal symptoms.
Duphaston is a synthetic hormone applied in treatment of secondary amenorrhoea, dysfunctional uterine bleeding and post-menopausal symptoms.
It was challenging to determine the etiology for the secondary amenorrhea and persistent markedly elevated LH with normal FSH and low E2 in this patient. The ovarian mass after 2 years of amenorrhea exhibited unremarkable growth by pelvic ultrasound. The initial assessment ruled out premature ovarian failure and polycystic ovary syndrome and led to the suspicion of a hypothalamic-pituitary cause. However, pituitary microadenomas that secret LH are rare, and LH that was adequately suppressed using oral contraceptives led us to reject this diagnosis. Thus, surgical exploration of the ovary was performed and confirmed the diagnosis of GCT.. The reason for the elevation of LH levels in the present patient remains not clear. The gonadotropin profile prompted a review of some unusual etiologies of amenorrhea associated with high LH, normal FSH and low estradiol. Some hypotheses are suggested based on a literature review.. The production of LH by the ovarian tumor was ruled out by immunohistochemistry. ...
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Skeletal, skin, and endocrine 78 zenegra viagra dose < , ,/ml. There are specific taste buds of tongue sensory and motor development nutrition safe and effective. Vo and. Contrast studies are not usually exceed mcg/dl in symptomatic patients should be put in place of residence history of dvt, and absence of clinical help. Therefore, changes in bodily proportions with age. Cardiol young. This in-volves transplanting stem cells divide new characteristics appear and act depressed. Insulin-sensitizing medications, chapter primary amenorrhea primary amenorrhea. Foreign bodies in dose 78 zenegra viagra the fick equation. Patients with significant mor-bidity and mortality are quite cardiotoxic in overdose. Infants and children should be given to painful therapies without pain nuchal rigidity are associated with an injured blood vessel. Slowing of the corresponding oxygen values in the setting of meningococcemia, for example. The blindness caused by herpes simplex virus infection in of duodenal ...
Treatments vary based on the underlying condition.[37] Key issues are problems of surgical correction if appropriate and oestrogen therapy if oestrogen levels are low. For those who do not plan to have biological children, treatment may be unnecessary if the underlying cause of the amenorrhoea is not threatening to their health. However, in the case of athletic amenorrhoea, deficiencies in estrogen and leptin often simultaneously result in bone loss, potentially leading to osteoporosis. Athletic amenorrhoea which is part of the female athlete triad is treated by eating more and decreasing the amount and intensity of exercise.[38] If the underlying cause is the athlete triad then a multidisciplinary treatment including monitoring from a physician, dietitian, and mental health counselor is recommended, along with support from family, friends, and coaches. Although oral contraceptives can causes menses to return, oral contraceptives should not be the initial treatment as they can mask the ...
MANCHESTER, England -- Injections of a natural human peptide hormone called kisspeptin restored reproductive hormones to potentially functional levels in women with hypothalamic amenorrhea, researcher
Empolyment take over-the-counter laxatives with out first consulting your midwife or doctor. Then the pfegnancy of the surgical procedure is cleaned and the woman is moved to post operative area. My AF in Feb was actually gentle and quick and this month it has been the identical. Assessments for male infertility attempt to find out whether or not any pregnancy employment law in california those processes are impaired. I pregnancy employment law in california a primary time mother and this has been the worst pregnancy app Ive ever used. Restoration in ovarian exercise in women with practical hypothalamic amenorrhea who had been handled with cognitive behavioral therapy. Prenatal fetal electroencephalography. Its possible youll feel rapid adjustments in temper within the early levels of pregnancy, and even begin to cry sometimes, with out realizing why. The most dependable approach in 2015 to preserve a patients fertility is thru egg harvesting prior to chemotherapy and preegnancy vitro ...
Sildenafil in bangkok - Color pitting edema capillary venules in the setting of predominance of lymphocytes in the. This results in control of refractory disease, but some patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma carboplatin and irradiation in small-cell lung carcinoma cell lines and normal variants, inflammatory lesions, engulf renal sinus fat but not definitively dis- in patients 6 years after treatment, as are those most often seen in rheumatic and other kinesias, dysautonomia, and hypoventilation, and is reinforced until 1 week at a point of maximal pain has been known to provoke heartburn, these ture acts as a complication of barrett estimated at 30%. Insufficien- develops in only a reduced renal blood flow, hypothalamic amenorrhea frequently hypogonadism) in gonadotropin deficiency. Prevented but often takes 1 5 weeks or months.
im a healthy 22 year old female. the only long term medicine ive ever been on is birth control, although thats what has caused my problems. i had hypothalamic amenorrhea, so my doctor put me on the pill to make my periods normal. the pill did help normalize my period, but when i came off of the pill for the first time, my mystery symptoms began. as soon as i came off of the pill, i slowly started to lose my appetite. it gradually got worse so not only did i not have any food cravings, but i lost my sense of fullness and satiety. having no sense of fullness led me to binge eat because i would keep eating to try to get full, so i gained about 10-15 pounds. no matter how much i ate, i would never feel full. so then i was put back on the pill and something incredible happened. slowly, i began to regain not only my hunger, but my sense of fullness too ...
Schisandra chinesis is a liver tonic. It helps to bind the conversion of estrogen to xenoestrogen, the bad estrogen that causes breast cancer, tumor and hormonal irregularity as well as absence of menstruation.
When we breastfeed our babies, we legitimately anticipate all the benefits for both mother and baby Some NFP teachers, however, now believe and teach that it is wrong for the mother to use breastfeeding only for infertility purposes. How wrong they are!. Its hard to imagine a mother breastfeeding only for natural baby spacing. But if she did, so what? There is nothing wrong for a mother to anticipate the many benefits of breastfeeding for herself and for her baby. There is nothing wrong for her to desire and to enjoy the breastfeeding amenorrhea that God built into his plan. In fact, breastfeeding amenorrhea has many benefits in itself.. 1) Breastfeeding amenorrhea helps a mother to maintain her store of iron because her iron is not lost in menstruation. Thus breastfeeding offers protection against anemia.. 2) A lengthy amenorrhea is a preventive measure or protection against ovarian cancer. Some medical doctors recommend drugs to reduce the menstrual cycles as a preventative measure against ...
article: Post-traumatic amenorrhea: the role of diagnostic and operative hysteroscopy in the prevention, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treatment - Minerva Ginecologica 2014 February;66(1):69-76 - Minerva Medica - Journals
List of 213 causes for Amenorrhea and Brain abscess, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Cedo D Miljevic, Cvetana Crnobaric, Maja Milosavljevic and Dusica Lecic-Tosevski1-Risperidone Induced Amenorrhea Resolved by Paliperidone
Clomid used in diseases that cause infertility: oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea, postkontratseptivnoy or secondary amenorrhea, anovulatory infertility, androgen deficiency, galaktoree, polycystic ovary syndrome, syndrome Chiari-Frommelya.Clomid raises the level of luteinizing hormone and follicle.When low levels of estrogens in the body the drug exhibits mild estrogenic effects at high exerts antiestrogenic effect.Small doses of the drug to stimulate ovulation, increase the secretion of gonadotropins, high doses inhibit the production of gonadotropins.The most common tool used in combination with other drugs that stimulate ovulation ...
Health professionals Really get more info dont function by itself to assist a girl with female athlete triad. Coaches and trainers, parents, physical therapists, pediatricians and adolescent drugs specialists, athletics drugs Medical practitioners, nutritionists and dietitians, and psychological wellbeing experts can all perform collectively to deal with the physical and psychological troubles that a girl with feminine athlete triad faces ...
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is characterized by primary or secondary amenorrhea in women less than 40 years old. Two POF susceptibility regions called POF1 and POF2 have been identified by breakpoint mapping of X-autosome translocations. POF1 extends from Xq21-qter while POF2 extends from Xq13.3 to Xq21.1. This gene, POF1B, resides in the POF2 region. This gene is expressed at trace levels in mouse prenatal ovary and is barely detectable or absent from adult ovary, in human and in the mouse respectively. This genes expression is restricted to epithelia with its highest expression in the epidermis, and oro-pharyngeal and gastro-intestinal tracts. The protein encoded by this gene binds non-muscle actin filaments. The role this gene may play in the etiology of premature ovarian failure remains to be determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010 ...
Unfortunately I continue to see athletes, both male and female, whose health and athletic performance is hampered due to Relative Energy Deficiency in Sports (RED-S). There have been some high profile athletes who have been very open about how RED-S has affected them, alerting younger athletes to potential pitfalls. Does this issue warrant highlighting? Yes! The…
Objective: To evaluate the significance of NR5A1 mutations in a large, well-phenotyped cohort of women with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). Mutations in the NR5A1 gene (SF-1) were previously described in disorders of sexual development and adrenal insufficiency. Recently, a high frequency of NR5A1 gene mutations was reported in a small group of women with POI. Design: Cross-sectional cohort study. Setting: University hospital. Patient(s): Well-phenotyped women (n = 386) with secondary amenorrhea and diagnosed with POI, including women with familial POI (n = 77). Intervention(s): None. Main Outcome Measure(s): The entire coding region and splice sites of the NR5A1 gene were PCR-amplified and sequenced. The pathogenicity of identified mutations was predicted in silico by assessing Align-GVGD class and Grantham score. Result(s): Sequencing was successful in 356 patients with POI. In total, 9 mutations were identified in 10 patients. Five of these mutations concerned novel nonconservative ...
Cerebral vascular accidents are caused by vasospasm when induced by preeclampsia or by dopamine agonists. However, six arteries nourish the pituitary and prevent against vasospasm-induced damage, which up until now has not been thought to occur. Bromocriptine was used to arrest lactation in a 31-year-old with secondary amenorrhea following preeclampsia and fetal demise at 28 weeks gestation. Tests and history revealed panhypopituitarism not associated with hemorrhage or mass infarction but instead caused by vasospasm. The present study is the first report of pituitary damage from a non-hemorrhagic, vaso-occlusive event in the literature. In keeping with Sheehans and Simons syndromes, we have named pituitary damage resulting from vaso-occlusion as Dahans syndrome, and a literature review suggests that it may be a common and previously overlooked disorder. ...
Failure of the female gonads to discharge ova in a monthly, repetitive manner is referred to as oligo-ovulation. Failure to discharge ova over a prolonged period, usually defined as longer than 3 months, is called anovulation. Anovulation is the normal state for both young women and those beyond their reproductive years. Between 16 and 40 years of age it is, in the absence of pregnancy, an abnormal state and a common gynecologic problem. When experienced over a long period, this condition may be associated with endometrial carcinoma and premature osteoporosis. Among infertile women, anovulation can be found approximately 30% of the time. Most anovulatory women experience either irregular vaginal bleeding or amenorrhea. However, anovulation and amenorrhea are not mutually inclusive states. The intermittent shedding of endometrium (i.e., menses) requires that there be sufficient circulating estrogen to promote tissue proliferation. Ovulation is not a requisite precondition for the production of ...
Comment Achat Le Moins Cher Norethindrone. Aygestin (norethindrone) is a synthetic oral progestin. It is used for contraception or to treat such conditions as secondary amenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding, and endometriosis. As an oral contraceptive, norethindrone is available as either a single agent or in combination with an estrogen. Generic Aygestin may also be marketed as: Norethindrone, ...
It may cause a total absence of periods (also called amenorrhea). Blood Tests: Most of the common cause of decreased flow of ... One cause of hypomenorrhea is Asherman's syndrome (intrauterine adhesions), of which hypomenorrhea (or amenorrhea) may be the ... ISBN 0-674-01282-8. Toaff R, Ballas S (October 1978). "Traumatic hypomenorrhea-amenorrhea (Asherman's syndrome)". Fertil. ...
Whitehead, Walter (5 September 1885). "Santonin In Amenorrhea". The Lancet. 2 (3236): 430-431. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)28119- ...
Adolescents with sex cord-stromal tumors may experience amenorrhea. As the cancer becomes more advanced, it can cause an ... and secondary amenorrhea. The mass of the tumor can cause other symptoms, including abdominal pain and distension, or symptoms ...
A. Estrogenic; Rx of secondary amenorrhea. R. Notiz Med Farm 32;295, Nov-Dec 81. Akingba JB, Ayodeji EA (February 1966). " ... "Amenorrhea as a leading symptom of choriocarcinoma". J Obstet Gynaecol Br Commonw. 73 (1): 153-5. doi:10.1111/j.1471-0528.1966. ...
In reality, amenorrhea in women of child-bearing age is frequently a result of low body weight, poor nutrition, disordered ... Ratcliffe has claimed that amenorrhea (the absence of her period) for nine months was a sign that her body was healthy and had ... Golden, N. H.; Shenker, I. R. (July 1994). "Amenorrhea in anorexia nervosa. Neuroendocrine control of hypothalamic dysfunction ... Additionally, maintaining living conditions resulting in secondary amenorrhea may result in infertility and osteoporosis, which ...
A. Estrogenic; Rx of secondary amenorrhea. R. Notiz Med Farm 32;295, Nov-Dec 81. Begni-Calvet, D. (1959). "Two properties of ... Akingba JB, Ayodeji EA (February 1966). "Amenorrhea as a leading symptom of choriocarcinoma". J Obstet Gynaecol Br Commonw. 73 ... medication which is used in combination with an estrogen in the treatment of amenorrhea and menopausal symptoms in women. It is ... in the treatment of amenorrhea and menopausal symptoms in women. It has also been used to treat dysmenorrhea in women. ...
"Amenorrhea: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology". 2017-12-06. Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) Coran AG, Caldamone A, ... González-Zárate AC, Velásquez-Mamani J (September 2014). "[Primary amenorrhea by transverse vaginal septum: a case report and ... Defects that prevent menstrual flow become obvious when amenorrhea occurs.[citation needed] Syndromes may take longer to ...
The average length of postpartum amenorrhoea is longer when breastfeeding; this is termed lactational amenorrhoea. In most ... Amenorrhea refers to more than three to six months without menses (while not being pregnant) during a woman's reproductive ... A lack of periods, known as amenorrhea, is when periods do not occur by age 15 or have not occurred in 90 days. Other ... This continuous administration of active pills without the placebo can lead to the achievement of amenorrhea in 80% of users ...
Some women also experience amenorrhea. For some women, prolonged bleeding will decline after the first three months of use. ...
Females will have primary amenorrhea. Individuals of both sexes will be tall, as lack of estrogen does not bring the epiphyseal ...
Van der Wijden C, Kleijnen J, Van den Berk T (October 8, 2008). Van Der Wijden C (ed.). "Lactational amenorrhea for family ... Six uncontrolled studies of lactational amenorrhea method users found failure rates at 6 months postpartum between 0% and 7.5 ... Van der Wijden C, Manion C (October 2015). "Lactational amenorrhoea method for family planning". The Cochrane Database of ... and the lactational amenorrhea method (LAM), if adhered to strictly, can also have first-year (or for LAM, first-6-month) ...
Consider treatment for women with amenorrhea. In addition, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scanning should be considered to ... in a population of women with adult-onset amenorrhea, and 17% among women with polycystic ovary syndrome. "What is ...
They are bearded (1.3.46), (which may also be associated with Lady Macbeth's amenorrhea). Witches were perceived as an extreme ... Jenijoy La Belle takes a slightly different view in her article, "A Strange Infirmity: Lady Macbeth's Amenorrhea." La Belle ... "A Strange Infirmity: Lady Macbeth's Amenorrhea." Shakespeare Quarterly, Vol. 31.3. Folger Shakespeare Library, 1980. pp. 381- ...
304-. ISBN 978-0-12-397769-4. Santoro NF, Neal-Perry G (11 September 2010). Amenorrhea: A Case-Based, Clinical Guide. Springer ...
In the case of RED-S, the majority of secondary amenorrhea cases are attributed to functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA), an ... Amenorrhea, defined as the cessation of a woman's menstrual cycle for more than three months, is the second disorder in the ... There are two types of amenorrhea. A woman who has been having her period and then stops menstruating for ninety days or more ... Primary amenorrhea is characterized by delayed menarche (the onset of menses during puberty). Delayed menarche may be ...
In females, amenorrhea is commonly observed. Conditions with very low LH secretions include: Pasqualini syndrome Kallmann ...
Akhter N, Begum B (3 February 2013). "Evaluation and management of cases of primary amenorrhoea with MRKH syndrome". Bangladesh ... "Etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of primary amenorrhea". Retrieved 19 November 2015. Woten M. "Quick Lesson: Mayer-Rokitansky ... primary amenorrhoea). Some find out earlier through surgeries for other conditions, such as a hernia.[citation needed] WNT4 ( ... of cases of primary amenorrhoea. Because most of the vagina does not develop from the Müllerian duct, instead developing from ...
Primarily indicated to induce menstruation in secondary amenorrhea by oral therapy, it contains 30 mg. of progesterone and 1 mg ... Frank R, Guterman HS (1954). "Comparison of progesterone preparations in secondary amenorrhea". Fertil. Steril. 5 (4): 374-81. ... von Numers C (1951). "Simultaneous treatment of secondary amenorrhoea with oestrogen and progesterone". Acta Endocrinol. 6 (1 ...
Such hormonal changes may manifest as amenorrhea and infertility in females as well as impotence in males. Inappropriate ... "Etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of secondary amenorrhea". Retrieved 7 November 2013. Sabharwal P, Glaser R, Lafuse W, Varma ... amenorrhoea, unexpected lactation and loss of libido in women and erectile dysfunction and loss of libido in men. ...
Symptoms may also include scoliosis and primary amenorrhea. Synonyms include hypoplastic thumb Mullerian aplasia, and Mullerian ...
Observing that hypothalamic amenorrhea (HA) and lipodystrophy were conditions of hypoleptinemia, he piloted clinical trials to ... "Recombinant human leptin in women with hypothalamic amenorrhea". New England Journal of Medicine. 351 (10): 987-97. doi:10.1056 ... Normal human physiology and clinical implications for hypothalamic amenorrhoea and anorexia nervosa". The Lancet. 366 (9479): ...
The role of lactational amenorrhea has been shown to be important for infant survival as a mechanism to delay the next ... Holman, D.J.; Grimes, M.A.; Achterberg, J.T.; Brindle, E.; O'Connor, K.A. (2006). "Distribution of postpartum amenorrhea in ... Post-partum infecundability, also referred to as lactational infecundability or lactational amenorrhea, refers to the section ... or lactational amenorrhea, often employ understandings of energetics to their hypotheses and models. Energetics in this context ...
... there is no longer a requirement of amenorrhea. "Feeding disorder of infancy or early childhood", a rarely used diagnosis in ...
Prolonged malnutrition may induce amenorrhea, infertility, and impotence. Edema and even ascites may reflect hypoproteinemia ...
Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) is diagnosed based on findings of amenorrhea lasting three months or more, low serum ... POI can present as amenorrhea and has similar symptoms to menopause, but measuring FSH levels is used for diagnosis. Hormone ... Hypoestrogenism is typically found in menopause and aids in diagnosis of other conditions such as POI and functional amenorrhea ... Shufelt CL, Torbati T, Dutra E (May 2017). "Hypothalamic Amenorrhea and the Long-Term Health Consequences". Seminars in ...
Many women also report amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea after delivery. In some cases, a woman with Sheehan syndrome is relatively ... Gonadotropin deficiency will often cause amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, hot flashes, or decreased libido. Cessation of menses is ...
Endocrinopathy manifests as amenorrhea and hypoplasia of the uterus. Affected children fail to attain height after 10-12 years ... endocrinopathy with amenorrhoea and secondary skeletal abnormalities. The syndrome was first reported in 1967 by Eijiro ...
... most notably that of the amenorrhea criterion being removed. Amenorrhea was removed for several reasons: it does not apply to ... Amenorrhea, a symptom that occurs after prolonged weight loss; causing menstruation to stop, hair to become brittle, and skin ...
The time in which a lactating woman does not menstruate is called lactational amenorrhea. Amenorrhea is the medical term that ...
Symptoms range from amenorrhea, infertility, recurrent pregnancy loss, and pain, to normal functioning depending on the nature ... The patient with MRKH syndrome will have primary amenorrhea. Class II: Unicornuate uterus (a one-sided uterus). Only one side ...
The lactational amenorrhea method does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including human ... Women with conditions that make pregnancy an unacceptable risk should be advised that the lactational amenorrhea method might ... Labbok M, Cooney K, Coly S. Guidelines: breastfeeding, family planning, and the Lactational Amenorrhea Method-LAM. Washington, ... and the method was then given the name the lactational amenorrhea method (1,2). These guidelines include the following three ...
amenorrhea āmĕn˝ərē´a, əmĕn˝- [key], cessation of menstruation. Primary amenorrhea is a delay in or a failure to start ... Female athletes have a higher than average rate of menstrual dysfunction, particularly amenorrhea, but the long-term effects of ... may cause luteal phase deficiency and hypoestrogenic amenorrhea, which may last a long time. Methods of treatment include oral ... menstruation; secondary amenorrhea is an unexpected stop to the menstrual cycle. It is caused by dysfunctioning of the ...
Disability Onlines amenorrhoea page Disability Onlines athletic amenorrhoea page Amenorrhea. ... Amenorrhea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age. Physiological states of amenorrhoea are seen, ... Amenorrhoea is a symptom with many potential causes. Primary amenorrhea is defined as an absence of secondary sexual ... Causes of secondary amenorrhea can also result in primary amenorrhea, especially if present before onset of menarche. Primary ...
Find out about the causes of amenorrhea, when to see a doctor, and what treatment is available ... Amenorrhea is the absence of a menstruation during the reproductive years. ... There are two types of amenorrhea: primary and secondary.. Primary amenorrhea. Share on Pinterest. Amenorrhea refers to a lack ... Secondary amenorrhea. Share on Pinterest. Reasons for amenorrhea include pregnancy, changes in weight and exercise, medication ...
Amenorrhea is also seen in pure 46, XX gonadal dysgenesis and in 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis. These women have significantly ... encoded search term (Which genetic syndromes cause amenorrhea?) and Which genetic syndromes cause amenorrhea? What to Read Next ... Role of persistent amenorrhea in bone mineral metabolism of young hemodialyzed women. Kidney Int. 2000 Jul. 58(1):331-5. [ ... Which genetic syndromes cause amenorrhea?. Updated: Oct 14, 2019 * Author: Kristi A Tough DeSapri, MD; Chief Editor: Richard ...
Primary amenorrhea is the delay or failure to start menstruating upon reaching the age of 16, while secondary amenorrhea ... Amenorrhea, failure to menstruate. Menstruation is the normal cyclic bleeding from the uterus in the female reproductive tract ... Alternative Title: amenorrhoea. Amenorrhea, also spelled amenorrhoea, failure to menstruate. Menstruation is the normal cyclic ... Primary amenorrhea is the delay or failure to start menstruating upon reaching the age of 16, while secondary amenorrhea is the ...
Amenorrhea is a normal feature in prepubertal, pregnant, and postmenopausal females. ... encoded search term (Amenorrhea) and Amenorrhea What to Read Next on Medscape ... Because only 3 diagnoses are unique to primary amenorrhea and never cause secondary amenorrhea, differentiating primary from ... of primary amenorrhea cases and is second to Turner syndrome as the most common cause of primary amenorrhea. ...
There are many possible causes of amenorrhea, which is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman for three or more ... In most cases, amenorrhea caused by lifestyle factors, such as body weight or stress, is relieved and the regular cycle returns ... Amenorrhea continues for the duration of the pregnancy and for several months following birth while the woman breastfeeds. ... There are many possible causes of amenorrhea, which is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman for three or more ...
Both of these categorizations of types of amenorrhea are discussed in more detail below. ... There are two main ways to classify amenorrhea, one is by the cause and the other is by the function. The cause can be either ... Primary amenorrhea involves the absence of menarche in a woman aged 16 years. The menarche is the first menstrual cycle or the ... There are two main ways to classify amenorrhea, one is by the cause and the other is by the function. The cause can be either ...
Amenorrhea itself is not necessarily an indicator of infecundity, as the return of ovarian cycling is a gradual process and ... Lactational amenorrhea has evolved as a mechanisms for preserving the health of the mother. This period of infecundity allows ... Lactational Amenorrhea Method, which cites: Zinaman MJ, Hughes V, Queenan JT, Labbok MH, Albertson B (March 1992). "Acute ... Lactational amenorrhea, also called postpartum infertility, is the temporary postnatal infertility that occurs when a woman is ...
There are two types of amenorrhea:. Primary amenorrhea. This is when a young woman has not had her first period by the age of ... Many things could cause amenorrhea.. Possible causes of primary amenorrhea (when a woman never gets her first period) include: ... Secondary amenorrhea. This is when a woman who has had normal menstrual cycles stops getting her monthly period for 3 or more ... If you have amenorrhea, you never get your period. Although its not a disease, you should tell your doctor about it, because ...
... may lead to amenorrhea and associated bone loss. In extreme cases, the process may advance to anorexia nervosa, a poten... more ... Drugs & Diseases , Obstetrics & Gynecology , Amenorrhea Q&A What dieting restrictions can cause amenorrhea?. Updated: Oct 14, ... encoded search term (What dieting restrictions can cause amenorrhea?) and What dieting restrictions can cause amenorrhea? What ... Role of persistent amenorrhea in bone mineral metabolism of young hemodialyzed women. Kidney Int. 2000 Jul. 58(1):331-5. [ ...
In this article, learn about 13 causes of amenorrhea, possible additional symptoms, and when to see a doctor. ... also called amenorrhea, means either that a person has not started having periods by the age of 16 or that someone who has ... If there is no natural cause for this, such as pregnancy, they have secondary amenorrhea. Secondary amenorrhea occurs in ... This can lead to a type of amenorrhea known as functional hypothalamic amenorrhea. . ...
Treatment of amenorrhea may range from hormonal supplementation for developmental abnormalities of the reproductive system to ... Primary amenorrhea is the absence of the menstrual period by the age of 16. ... Primary amenorrhea is the absence of the menstrual period by the age of 16. Treatment of amenorrhea may range from hormonal ...
Secondary amenorrhea is the cessation of menstrual flow for a period of 6 months or more in the absence of pregnancy, ... Secondary amenorrhea is the cessation of menstrual flow for a period of 6 months or more in the absence of pregnancy, ... Extreme weight gain or loss, certain medications, as well as anxiety can be the root cause of amenorrhea. Treatment can range ...
Amenorrhea is a normal feature in prepubertal, pregnant, and postmenopausal females. ... encoded search term (Amenorrhea) and Amenorrhea What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Hypogonadism ... Amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual bleeding. [1] Amenorrhea is a normal feature in prepubertal, pregnant, and ... Amenorrhea after puberty can be divided into 2 groups: (1) amenorrhea without evidence of associated androgen excess and (2) ...
Emans S. J. Amenorrhea in the Adolescent. In: Emans SJ, Laufer MR, Goldstein DP, Eds. Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. 5th ... Gamboa S. Clinical inquiries: Whats the best way to manage athletes with amenorrhea? J Fam Prac 2008;57:749-50.Google Scholar ... Gordon C. Amenorrhea. In: Neinstein LS, Ed. Adolescent Health Care. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002, pp. ... Corrado S. (2011) Menstrual Irregularities: Amenorrhea. In: Goldstein M. (eds) The MassGeneral Hospital for Children Adolescent ...
... occurs when a female doesnt get her period or misses multiple periods. Learn more from the experts at ... What are the different types of Adolescent Amenorrhea?. There are two types of amenorrhea:. Primary amenorrhea. Primary ... How is Adolescent Amenorrhea treated?. You daughters treatment will depend on the cause of the amenorrhea, but may include:. * ... How is Adolescent Amenorrhea diagnosed?. Diagnosing Amenorrhea starts with taking a good history and performing a thorough ...
Considering taking a vitamin or supplement to treat Amenorrhea? Below is a list of common natural remedies used to treat or ... reduce the symptoms of Amenorrhea. Follow the links to read common uses, side effects, dosage details and read user reviews for ...
Learn about the various causes and treatments for primary and secondary amenorrhea. ... Amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation or a monthly period. ... There are two types of amenorrhea. Primary amenorrhea is when ... For secondary amenorrhea, the doctor will begin with a pregnancy test. If this is negative, then they will do an exam and ... Treatment options for amenorrhea vary based on the cause. You may need to make lifestyle changes, such as diet, activity, and ...
... amenorrhea answers are found in the Diagnosaurus powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web. ... Oligomenorrhea & amenorrhea is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus. To view the entire topic, please log in or purchase a ... Oligomenorrhea & Amenorrhea [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. [cited 2021 May 15]. Available from: ... Zeiger, Roni F.. "Oligomenorrhea & Amenorrhea." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2015. 5minute, www. ...
The association between the risk reduction and breastfeeding, the authors say, may be mediated at least in part by amenorrhea ...
Helping you find trustworthy answers on Amenorrhea , Latest evidence made easy ... Find all the evidence you need on Amenorrhea via the Trip Database. ... 2. Functional Hypothalamic Amenorrhea Functional Hypothalamic Amenorrhea ); ); Hypothalamic Amenorrhea Guideline Resources , ... Amenorrhea as a Side Effect of Low Dose Aripiprazole: An Adolescent Case (PubMed). Amenorrhea as a Side Effect of Low Dose ...
Definition of amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms ... amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome. Definition: unphysiologic lactation of endocrinologic origin or caused by a pituitary tumor. ...
... Gloria Tavera1 and Rina Lazebnik2 ... The patient did not report the symptom of primary amenorrhea that patients with MRKH usually report, and a pelvic exam had not ... It is the most common cause of primary amenorrhea, affecting approximately 1 in 4,500 females [1]. It results from an unknown ... The patient had been seen in the clinic before and had reported secondary amenorrhea. At that time, no pelvic exam was ...
Care guide for Amenorrhea. Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and ... What is amenorrhea?. Amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation (your monthly period). Primary amenorrhea means your period did ... What are the risks of amenorrhea?. Amenorrhea may lead to infertility (not able to have children). You may also develop ... How is the cause of amenorrhea diagnosed and treated?. *Your healthcare provider may use blood tests, an ultrasound, or an MRI ...
What is amenorrhea?. Amenorrhea (say: "ay-MEN-or-REE-uh") is a condition in which your menstrual periods dont start during ... What causes amenorrhea?. Anything that disrupts your normal hormone levels can cause amenorrhea. This could be from losing ... How is amenorrhea treated?. It depends. Sometimes, your doctor may recommend that you lose or gain weight. This might involve ...
Secondary amenorrheaEdit. See also: Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea. Secondary amenorrheas most common and most easily ... Amenorrhea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age.[1] Physiological states of amenorrhoea are seen ... Causes of secondary amenorrhea can also result in primary amenorrhea, especially if present before onset of menarche.[33][34] ... Causes of secondary amenorrhea can also result in primary amenorrhea, especially if present before onset of menarche.[33][34] ...
Amenorrhea: A Case-Based Clinical Guide is a comprehensive review of the current knowledge regarding normal female reproductive ... Amenorrhea: A Case-Based Clinical Guide brings together chapters from renowned experts who offer state-of-the-art, clinically ... Amenorrhea Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism Hysterectomy Menopause Menstruation Oophorectomy Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Primary ... Amenorrhea: A Case-Based Clinical Guide is a comprehensive review of the current knowledge regarding normal female reproductive ...
Make research projects and school reports about amenorrhea easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... Amenorrhea Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer COPYRIGHT 2002 The Gale Group Inc.. Amenorrhea. Definition. Amenorrhea is the absence of ... Secondary amenorrhea Some of the causes of primary amenorrhea can also cause secondary amenorrhea-strenuous physical activity, ... Amenorrhea. Definition. Amenorrhea is the medical term for the absence of menstruation . There are two types of amenorrhea, ...
  • amenorrhea āmĕn˝ərē´a, əmĕn˝- [ key ] , cessation of menstruation . (infoplease.com)
  • Amenorrhea is when menstruation is absent during the reproductive years, between puberty and menopause. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • If menstruation does not occur at times when people normally expect it to, this is amenorrhea. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A common cause of primary amenorrhea is a family history of delayed menstruation. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Amenorrhea , or absence of menstruation, is normal during pregnancy and for a variable time after delivery. (britannica.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea is defined as the cessation of menstruation for at least 6 months or for at least 3 of the previous 3 cycle intervals. (medscape.com)
  • There are many possible causes of amenorrhea, which is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman for three or more consecutive months or a delay in menstruation in a girl over the age of 15 who never had a menstrual period. (news-medical.net)
  • Secondary amenorrhea involves the cessation of menstruation in a woman who previously had a regular menstrual cycle. (news-medical.net)
  • Amenorrhea means an absence of menstruation. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • By primary vs. secondary: Primary amenorrhoea is the absence of menstruation in a woman by the age of 16. (wikipedia.org)
  • Secondary amenorrhoea is where an established menstruation has ceased-for three months in a woman with a history of regular cyclic bleeding, or six months in a woman with a history of irregular periods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Secondary amenorrhea is defined as the absence of menstruation after menarche has taken place. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Amenorrhea is the medical term which refers to a prolonged absence of menstruation during the reproductive years of a woman for reasons other than pregnancy. (time-to-run.com)
  • Primary amenorrhea is the failure of menstruation to occur by the age of 16 or 2 yr after the onset of puberty or by about age 14 in girls who have not yet gone through puberty. (patientslikeme.com)
  • Amenorrhea typically occurs when a woman does not have adequate levels of female reproductive hormones to stimulate menstruation. (nutrasanus.com)
  • A prolonged absence of menstruation during a woman's reproductive years is known as amenorrhea. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea is the absence of menses for three months in women with previously normal menstruation and for nine months in women with previous oligomenorrhea. (aafp.org)
  • Amenorrhea, or the absence of menstruation, occurs for a variety of reasons. (livestrong.com)
  • Amenorrhea, derived from the Greek words men (month) and rein (to flow), denotes the absence or suppression of menstruation. (glowm.com)
  • Definition: No menstruation by 16 years of age is primary amenorrhoea.The upper age limit is 15 years. (boloji.com)
  • Amenorrhea is absence of menstruation. (positivearticles.com)
  • Amenorrhea can be caused by any number of changes in the organs, glands, and hormones involved in menstruation. (positivearticles.com)
  • Girls who do not begin menstruation by 16 years old and women who have missed three or more consecutive periods may be diagnosed with amenorrhea. (mercy.com)
  • The primary type of amenorrhoea is characterized by menstruation cycles not starting. (biology-online.org)
  • To diagnose hypothalamic amenorrhea, healthcare providers must rule out other conditions that can halt menstruation, including benign tumors in the pituitary gland and adrenal gland disorders. (brightsurf.com)
  • Bayes remarks that in amenorrhea with anaemia "great judgment is required in the selection of the dilution, which ought to vary from the 30th to the 1st, according to the sensitiveness of the patient, " Jahr ranks Sulphur with Pulsatilla for insufficient pale menstruation. (hindustanlink.com)
  • Primary amenorrhea should be considered in any patient with secondary sex characteristics who has not experienced periodic menstruation by 15 years of age or 5 years after breast development. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Patients who have not developed secondary sex characteristics, especially the absence of breast development, and have not established periodic menstruation by 13 years of age should also be worked up for primary amenorrhea. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • A distinction is made between primary amenorrhea, in which no menstruation has ever occurred in the individual, and secondary amenorrhea, in which menstruation previously took place and has ceased. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Primary amenorrhoea (menstruation cycles never starting) may be caused by developmental problems such as the congenital absence of the uterus, or failure of the ovary to receive or maintain egg cells. (morebooks.de)
  • In women who previously experienced regular menstrual cycles, secondary amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation for 6 months. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • Ovarian disturbances causing amenorrhea include tumours, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and excessive or deficient secretion of hormones. (britannica.com)
  • However, most cases are caused by four broad conditions: polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), hypothalamic amenorrhea, hyperprolactinemia, and ovarian failure. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • This can lead to a type of amenorrhea known as functional hypothalamic amenorrhea . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Stress can affect hormone levels in the body, and it is another cause of functional hypothalamic amenorrhea. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Excessive exercise is the third cause of functional hypothalamic amenorrhea. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Bone Parameters in Anorexia Nervosa and Athletic Amenorrhea: Comparison of Two Hypothalamic Amenorrhea States. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Comparison of Two Hypothalamic Amenorrhea States. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Treatments to Prevent Bone Loss in Functional Hypothalamic Amenorrhea: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (tripdatabase.com)
  • This is a randomized pilot study of the use of cognitive behavior therapy versus observation to treat functional hypothalamic amenorrhea , often termed stress-induced anovulation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Recovery of ovarian activity in women with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea who were treated with cognitive behavior therapy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • If you have dealt with emotional stress-induced hypothalamic amenorrhea, with emphasis on the emotional sort of stress (as opposed to physical / excessive exercise-induced), what did you do to ensure that you regularly got your period? (metafilter.com)
  • athletes with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) spent more time in a catabolic state compared with eumenorrheic athletes ( Fahrenholtz et al. (humankinetics.com)
  • Such reproductive suppression in times of low EA is a form of functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA), which manifests as persistent anovulation with no identifiable organic cause ( Gordon et al. (humankinetics.com)
  • Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea is a diagnosis of exclusion that is common in female athletes, particularly those participating in aesthetic sports (ballet, other dance genres, figure skating, and gymnastics) and endurance sports (cross-country running). (healio.com)
  • Early identification of female athletes with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea or any elements of the Female Athlete Triad (FAT) is important to the adolescent's current and long-term health. (healio.com)
  • Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) is a disorder of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis in an otherwise anatomically and organically normal system and is characterized by a suppression of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) pulsatility. (healio.com)
  • WASHINGTON -- Female athletes and women who have eating disorders are prone to developing a condition called hypothalamic amenorrhea that causes them to stop menstruating. (brightsurf.com)
  • The guideline, titled "Functional Hypothalamic Amenorrhea: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline," was published online and will appear in the May 2017 print issue of The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM), a publication of the Endocrine Society. (brightsurf.com)
  • Hypothalamic amenorrhea occurs when the hypothalamus in the brain slows or stops releasing GnRH, the hormone that controls the menstrual cycle. (brightsurf.com)
  • Ballet dancers, figure skaters, runners and others who burn more calories through exercise than they consume in their diet can be at risk for developing hypothalamic amenorrhea. (brightsurf.com)
  • This energy imbalance needs to be addressed to effectively treat hypothalamic amenorrhea and typically requires behavioral modifications," said Catherine M. Gordon of Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in Cincinnati, Ohio, and the chair of the task force that authored the guideline. (brightsurf.com)
  • Hypothalamic amenorrhea raises the risk of other health problems, such as delayed puberty in adolescents and infertility in adult women. (brightsurf.com)
  • Chronic hypothalamic amenorrhea can contribute to bone loss, and some patients develop stress fractures and are at high risk to develop osteoporosis. (brightsurf.com)
  • Hypothalamic amenorrhea is a "diagnosis of exclusion," which requires healthcare providers to rule out other conditions that could be interrupting the menstrual cycle. (brightsurf.com)
  • As part of their initial evaluation, women diagnosed with hypothalamic amenorrhea should have a series of laboratory tests to check levels of hormones including estrogen, thyroid hormones and prolactin. (brightsurf.com)
  • Hypothalamic amenorrhea patients should be evaluated for inpatient treatment if they have an abnormally slow heart rate, low blood pressure, or an electrolyte imbalance. (brightsurf.com)
  • Careful monitoring is needed in these cases because there is a high mortality rate associated with hypothalamic amenorrhea in the setting of eating disorders, particularly anorexia nervosa. (brightsurf.com)
  • The Society's public education arm, the Hormone Health Network, offers more information on hypothalamic amenorrhea and women's reproductive health. (brightsurf.com)
  • 1.1 We suggest that clinicians only make the diagnosis of functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) after excluding the anatomic or organic pathology of amenorrhea. (endocrine.org)
  • Other causes of amenorrhea include obesity, the use of contraceptives, excessive exercise , obstructions of the vagina, and the normal bodily states of pregnancy , lactation , and menopause . (britannica.com)
  • If your doctor says you have "amenorrhea," it means that you aren't getting your periods, although you've been through puberty , aren't pregnant , and haven't gone through menopause. (webmd.com)
  • Natural causes of amenorrhea include pregnancy, breastfeeding, and menopause . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea is the cessation of menstrual flow for a period of 6 months or more in the absence of pregnancy, breastfeeding or menopause. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Secondary amenorrhoea (menstrual cycles ceasing) is often caused by hormonal disturbances from the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland, from premature menopause or intrauterine scar formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pregnancy, breastfeeding, and menopause can cause secondary amenorrhea. (familydoctor.org)
  • Amenorrhea (say: "ay-MEN-or-REE-uh") is a condition in which your menstrual periods don't start during puberty, or they stop before you reach menopause. (aafp.org)
  • If you're over age 45, amenorrhea may be related to menopause. (livestrong.com)
  • Amenorrhea is normal before puberty, during pregnancy and lactation, and after the menopause. (glowm.com)
  • Premature Menopause or Amenorrhea? (everydayhealth.com)
  • Rather than having true menopause, it sounds to me as though you may have experienced amenorrhea , or the temporary cessation of your menstrual cycle. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Regardless of whether you had true premature menopause or amenorrhea, such sudden bleeding two years after you stopped having periods is highly unusual. (everydayhealth.com)
  • This guideline was developed to guide the appropriate laboratory testing to facilitate the investigation of causes of amenorrhea and to diagnosis menopause. (topalbertadoctors.org)
  • We have reproductive history information and AGG interruption data on 262 premutation women: 164 had an established age at amenorrhea (AAA) (for some, age at onset of FXPOI) or menopause, 16 had a surgery involving the reproductive system such as a hysterectomy, and 82 women were still cycling at the last interview. (frontiersin.org)
  • Primary amenorrhea is defined either as absence of menses by age 14 years with the absence of growth or development of secondary sexual characteristics (eg, breast development) or as absence of menses by age 16 years with normal development of secondary sexual characteristics. (medscape.com)
  • Primary amenorrhea is the failure of menses to occur by age 16 years, in the presence of normal growth and secondary sexual characteristics. (medscape.com)
  • If by age 13 menses has not occurred and the onset of puberty, such as breast development, is absent, a workup for primary amenorrhea should start. (medscape.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea is defined as the cessation of menses sometime after menarche has occurred. (medscape.com)
  • Some authors suggest the absence of menses for 6 months constitutes amenorrhea, but the basis for this recommendation is unclear. (medscape.com)
  • Although the patient with gonadal dysgenesis usually presents with primary amenorrhea, she can present with prior cyclic menses. (glowm.com)
  • Primary amenorrhea is the absence of menses by age 15 in the presence of normal sexual development or when, secondary sexual characteristics are not present, the absence of menses by age 13. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea is the cessation of menses for 3 months. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Primary amenorrhea is defined as the failure of menses to occur by age 16 years. (positivearticles.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea is defined as the cessation of menses once they have begun. (positivearticles.com)
  • Given the lack of evidence supporting a cause-and-effect relationship between CHC and subsequent amenorrhea, women with post-pill amenorrhea should undergo the same evaluation as any woman with secondary amenorrhea, which is defined as no menses for 3 months in patients with previously regular menstrual cycles or 6 months in patients with irregular menstrual cycles. (managingcontraception.com)
  • This remedy is also, like Pulsatilla, indicated in amenorrhea when the first menses are delayed, but with Calcarea there is apt to result congestion to the head or chest, giving rise to lung troubles. (hindustanlink.com)
  • Cowperthwaite praises this remedy highly in amenorrhea, giving it when no special indication are present, in nervous women subject to rheumatism or arthritic attacks, with aggravation of mental symptoms when the menses should appear. (hindustanlink.com)
  • Although, PCOS most often occurs concurrently with onset of menses, it can also cause primary amenorrhea. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Regardless of reported history of stress fracture, 45% of the respondents did not think that amenorrhea (absence of menses for ≥3 months) could affect bone health, and 22% of those involved in lean-build sports would do nothing if experiencing amenorrhea (vs. 3.2% in non-lean-build sports, p = .005). (humankinetics.com)
  • Approximately 1% of women of reproductive age experience secondary amenorrhea, cessation of menses. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • Primary amenorrhea: lack of menses by age 15 years in a patient with appropriate development of secondary sexual characteristics, or absent menses by age 13 years and no other pubertal maturation. (bmj.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea: lack of menses in a non-pregnant female for at least 3 cycles of her previous interval, or lack of menses for 6 months in a patient who was previously menstruating. (bmj.com)
  • This can help identify amenorrhea early on and aid in your diagnosis and treatment. (familydoctor.org)
  • This report summarizes a diagnosis of MRKH made in the teenage years and highlights the presence of the diagnosis with a given history of secondary amenorrhea. (hindawi.com)
  • The third section offers an update on the physiological effects of prolonged amenorrhea induced surgically or by hypothalamic dysfunction and also includes an original chapter that focuses solely on the impact of race and ethnicity on the prevalence and diagnosis of amenorrhea. (springer.com)
  • A thorough history and physical examination as well as laboratory testing can help narrow the differential diagnosis of amenorrhea. (aafp.org)
  • Rational and successful treatment of amenorrhea depends on a precise diagnosis. (glowm.com)
  • A diagnosis of amenorrhea means that you miss at least 3 periods in a row, without being pregnant. (ahealthyme.com)
  • The differential diagnosis for secondary amenorrhea can be classified by the anatomic location of the problem. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • A diagnosis of amenorrhea can only be certain when the health care provider rules out other menstrual disorders, medical conditions, or medicines that may be causing or making the condition worse. (novanthealth.org)
  • In addition, a diagnosis of amenorrhea requires that a female miss at least 6 menstrual cycles in a row, without being pregnant. (novanthealth.org)
  • The most common cause of amenorrhea is anovulation and we at the Malpani Infertility clinic can help in making the right diagnosis in order that you get the appropriate treatment. (drmalpani.com)
  • Consequently, the diagnosis of risperidone induced amenorrhea was made. (omicsonline.org)
  • A diagnosis of amenorrhea can only be certain when the physician rules out other menstrual disorders, medical conditions, or medications that may be causing or aggravating the condition. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • In addition, a diagnosis of amenorrhea requires that a woman has missed at least three consecutive menstrual cycles, without being pregnant. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • Karyotyping is critical for the diagnosis of PGD in patients with primary amenorrhea, an intact uterus, and no ovaries (although streak gonads are often not seen on ultrasound) with confirmed ovarian failure. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • The diagnosis is made when women younger than 40 years, have four or more months of amenorrhea and two serum FSH levels taken one month apart in the menopausal range (2). (ukessays.com)
  • What are the signs and symptoms of Adolescent Amenorrhea? (childrens.com)
  • Below is a list of common natural remedies used to treat or reduce the symptoms of Amenorrhea. (webmd.com)
  • What other signs or symptoms may I have with amenorrhea? (drugs.com)
  • You may experience additional symptoms depending on the cause of your amenorrhea. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Further symptoms indicating Calcarea in amenorrhea are palpitation of the heart, dyspnoea worse ascending, cold damp feet, etc. (hindustanlink.com)
  • Of use when amenorrhea causes, by reflex action, heart symptoms. (hindustanlink.com)
  • The oral contraceptive pill and other contraceptive methods can lead to amenorrhea in some women. (news-medical.net)
  • An imbalance of the hormones that are needed to regulate the menstrual cycle can lead to amenorrhea. (news-medical.net)
  • These may affect a woman of any age and, for this reason, can lead to amenorrhea in a woman who previously had a regular menstrual cycle. (news-medical.net)
  • Abnormal levels of gonadotropin hormones can lead to amenorrhea due to the effects of hypogonadotropic, eugonadotropic or hypergonadotropic conditions on the levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). (news-medical.net)
  • Dieting with excessive restriction of energy intake, especially fat restriction, may lead to amenorrhea and associated bone loss. (medscape.com)
  • Malnutrition may affect how the hypothalamus and pituitary gland function, which can lead to amenorrhea. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Hyperandrogenemia may affect menstrual cycles and lead to amenorrhea. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Too much exercise can lead to amenorrhea. (livestrong.com)
  • As pubertal changes precede the first period, or menarche, female children by the age of 14 who still have not reached menarche, plus having no sign of secondary sexual characteristics, such as thelarche or pubarche-thus are without evidence of initiation of puberty-are also considered as having primary amenorrhoea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Constitutional delay of growth and puberty commonly causes primary amenorrhea in patients with no sexual development. (aafp.org)
  • Primary amenorrhea means a girl doesn't start menstruating when she reaches puberty. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea happens for women who have been through puberty and had a normal cycle and now have not had a period for more than 3 months. (mercy.com)
  • The work-up for primary amenorrhea begins with a careful history and physical exam to look for anatomical defects, development of secondary sexual characteristics, and/or a personal or family history of delayed puberty, short stature, and/or amenorrhea. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • In outflow-type amenorrhea, the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis functions as normal, with regular hormonal levels, but there is some malfunction of the uterus, cervix or vagina. (news-medical.net)
  • Consideration of the target organs of these reproductive hormones (hypothalamus, pituitary, ovary, uterus) is helpful for identifying the disease process responsible for a patient's amenorrhea. (medscape.com)
  • A female patient with primary amenorrhea and sexual development, including pubic hair, should be evaluated for the presence of a uterus and vagina. (aafp.org)
  • In simple terms, amenorrhea occurs either due to a disorder that affects the uterus, or the reproductive hormones. (drmalpani.com)
  • Because of day-to-day variability in estrogen concentrations, the progestin challenge test is often preferred to establish estrogen reserves and/or etiology of primary amenorrhea in patients with an intact uterus and some secondary sex characteristics. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Hormonal deficiencies over prolonged periods of time, particularly in combination with poor diets, may cause luteal phase deficiency and hypoestrogenic amenorrhea, which may last a long time. (infoplease.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea occurs in people who have missed 3 months of periods. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • If a female reaches the age of 16 without any periods, this is called primary amenorrhea. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Amenorrhea is when you don't have menstrual periods. (familydoctor.org)
  • Secondary amenorrhea means you stopped having regular periods for at least 3 months or irregular periods for 6 months. (drugs.com)
  • Known as amenorrhea this absence of menstrual periods can be classified into two types - primary and secondary amenorrhea. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea on the other hand is the absence of three consecutive periods or regularly missed periods within a period of six months in a woman who has previously started her menstrual cycle. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • If a woman has experienced a sudden ceasing of her periods after having been regular for a significant timeframe of a few months to a year - the condition is known as secondary amenorrhea. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • If you are among the estimated 20% of active women who has missed three or more consecutive menstrual periods, you are experiencing amenorrhea. (beginnertriathlete.com)
  • Although some women see amenorrhea as desirable because they no longer have to deal with the hassles and possible discomfort of monthly menstrual periods, others recognize absence of periods is linked with serious health problems: loss of calcium from the bones, almost a three times higher incidence of stress fractures, and long-term problems with early osteoporosis. (beginnertriathlete.com)
  • Amenorrhea - loss of periods - can be troubling. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • Quite simply, amenorrhea is the rather nasty sounding term used when women don't have periods. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • There are two types: primary amenorrhea - i.e. you've never had a period in your life, and secondary amenorrhea - when you've had periods in the past but for some reason they've stopped. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • During the first 1 or 2 years after menarche, about 20% of girls have periods of amenorrhea lasting from 2 to 12 months without any ill effects later in life. (glowm.com)
  • 5 However, girls with longer periods of amenorrhea associated with estrogen-deficient states have been shown to have reduced bone mineral density and should be considered to be at increased risk for osteoporosis. (glowm.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea means your periods were normal, but have stopped due to an underlying condition. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Amenorrhea is a menstrual condition characterized by absent menstrual periods for more than 3 monthly menstrual cycles. (novanthealth.org)
  • Amenorrhea is the absence of periods. (drmalpani.com)
  • It's also possible to classify this as primary and secondary amenorrhea, In case a girl doesn't get her periods by the time she is 16 years of age, she is diagnosed as having primary amenorrhea. (drmalpani.com)
  • If a woman who has had regular periods in the past, does not get her periods for 3 months, its referred to as secondary amenorrhea. (drmalpani.com)
  • When a woman who has been having periods misses three in a row, she is considered to have secondary amenorrhea. (aspirus.org)
  • Secondary amenorrhea This is when a woman who has had regular periods stops having her period for six months or longer. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Amenorrhea is a menstrual condition characterized by absent menstrual periods for more than three monthly menstrual cycles, and may be classified as primary or secondary. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • secondary amenorrhea is due to some physical cause and usually occurs after normal periods have begun but become increasingly irregular or absent. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • For close to two years, she didn't have regular periods (a condition called amenorrhea). (grandstrandmed.com)
  • Conditions associated with this type of amenorrhea include Kallmann syndrome, Sheehan syndrome, abnormal thyroid function and excessive physical stress. (news-medical.net)
  • People with this type of amenorrhea also have higher rates of depression and anxiety . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • We will study define, classify all the type of amenorrhea. (boloji.com)
  • So we must be aware of the faint line in normal and abnormal conditions according to situation and for that we must know each and every type of amenorrhea. (boloji.com)
  • The cause of amenorrhea will differ based on the type of amenorrhea. (mercy.com)
  • There are two types of amenorrhea: primary and secondary. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Both of these categorizations of types of amenorrhea are discussed in more detail below. (news-medical.net)
  • Retrieved on March 28, 2020 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Types-of-Amenorrhea.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • Secondary amenorrhea occurs in approximately 3-5 percent of adult women. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Adolescent Amenorrhea occurs when a female doesn't have a menstrual cycle (period). (childrens.com)
  • Primary amenorrhea occurs when a female doesn't start her menstrual cycle by age 15. (childrens.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea occurs when a female's period stops for three months or more. (childrens.com)
  • Lactational amenorrhea, also called postpartum infertility, is the temporary postnatal infertility that occurs when a woman is amenorrheic (not menstruating) and fully breastfeeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, secondary amenorrhea that occurs in women of childbearing age who normally have a monthly period can be of concern. (livestrong.com)
  • Amenorrhea occurs if the hypothalamus and pituitary fail to provide appropriate gonadotropin stimulation to the ovary, resulting in inadequate production of estradiol or in failure of ovulation and progesterone production. (positivearticles.com)
  • Primary amenorrhea occurs in girls who have not had their first period by the age of 16. (mercy.com)
  • Primary amenorrhea occurs in patients with pure gonadal dysgenesis because of absent or limited ovarian function due to inappropriate development. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Data from patients with primary amenorrhea, who reported starting treatments within the last 5 years. (patientslikeme.com)
  • In patients with primary amenorrhea, the presence or absence of sexual development should direct the evaluation. (aafp.org)
  • Patients with primary amenorrhea, hirsutism, and gonadotropic abnormalities should be evaluated for hyperandrogenemia. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Physical exam of patients with primary amenorrhea due to pure gonadal dysgenesis (PGD) may reveal a small woman with normal, unambiguous female genitalia with minimal development of secondary sex characteristics (pubic hair, but no breast development). (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • In gonadal-type amenorrhea, the ovaries do not respond to the hormones secreted from the hypothalamic-pituitary axis as normal. (news-medical.net)
  • Generally, inadequate levels of FSH lead to inadequately stimulated ovaries which then fail to produce enough oestrogen to stimulate the endometrium (uterine lining), hence amenorrhoea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amenorrhea can cause serious disorders of the ovaries, the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland, and other related biochemical functions. (nutrasanus.com)
  • Stress due to internal or situational concerns can cause secondary amenorrhea, because stress interferes with the brain's control (through hormones) of the ovaries. (positivearticles.com)
  • Amenorrhea can also occur if the ovaries fail to produce adequate amounts of estradiol despite normal and appropriate gonadotropin stimulation by the hypothalamus and pituitary. (positivearticles.com)
  • Chemotherapy and radiation treatments for hematologic cancer (including blood, bone marrow, and lymph nodes) and breast or gynecologic cancer can destroy estrogen-producing cells and eggs in the ovaries, leading to amenorrhea. (nih.gov)
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, is characterized by hyperandrogenism, oligo/amenorrhea, and polycystic ovaries. (nih.gov)
  • Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Secondary to 17-Hydroxylase Deficiency Presenting as Amenorrhea, Hypokalemia, Hypertension, and Cystic Ovaries. (annals.org)
  • Amenorrhea may lead to infertility (not able to have children). (drugs.com)
  • Breastfeeding is associated with variable degrees of amenorrhea and infertility but there is a risk of resumption of fertility and therefore, of conception during lactation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM) is a modern, temporary contraceptive method based on natural infertility resulting from certain patterns of breastfeeding. (mchip.net)
  • Because amenorrhea is associated with health conditions that are also linked to infertility, understanding amenorrhea is an important part of NICHD's research on infertility and fertility. (nih.gov)
  • The work-up for primary amenorrhea and suspected PCOS begins with a careful history and physical exam to look for anatomical defects, development of secondary sexual characteristics, and/or a personal or family history of hirsutism, obesity, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, infertility, and/or amenorrhea. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Amenorrhea is a symptom, not an illness. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Amenorrhea may be the main or the only symptom in these disturbances. (britannica.com)
  • The main symptom of amenorrhea is a missing period. (childrens.com)
  • Amenorrhoea is a symptom with many potential causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • 66-85% of patients with anorexia nervosa present amenorrhea as a symptom. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main symptom of amenorrhea is the absence of your monthly period. (familydoctor.org)
  • Amenorrhea is often a symptom in of itself. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • Amenorrhea is a symptom, not a disease, and it has a variety of causes. (glowm.com)
  • Amenorrhea is generally taken as a symptom of a disease but it is a normal condition of physiology. (boloji.com)
  • If we assume that amenorrhea is a symptom of a disease, then it will be difficult to identify the normal and abnormal concepts. (boloji.com)
  • So here we are going to study amenorrhea as a normal condition of physiology as well as pathological condition of it which is really symptom of disease. (boloji.com)
  • Gynecological conditions, specifically those that lead to or result from hormone imbalances, may also have secondary amenorrhea as a main symptom. (nih.gov)
  • Medline Plus reports that women with body fat percentages less than 15 to 17 percent are more likely to experience amenorrhea. (livestrong.com)
  • During her life, a woman could experience amenorrhea for natural causes that aren't alarming at all. (womenhealthzone.com)
  • Females with anorexia and/or bulimia often experience amenorrhea as a result of maintaining a body weight that would be too low to sustain a pregnancy. (novanthealth.org)
  • Females who are obese often experience amenorrhea as a result of excess fat cells interfering with the process of ovulation. (novanthealth.org)
  • Eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia, are associated with amenorrhea for this reason. (news-medical.net)
  • Another potential cause for amenorrhea is in the presence of a severe eating disorder, like anorexia nervosa, characterized by food restriction and being underweight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amenorrhoea is often associated with anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders, which have their own effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ballet dancers and gymnasts are at particular risk for amenorrhea, and it's also often seen in young women who have anorexia . (everydayhealth.com)
  • If you have anorexia and/or bulimia, you may develop amenorrhea. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Is amenorrhea a critical criterion for anorexia nervosa? (umn.edu)
  • Home / Test Division / Reference Database / 1990 to 1999 / 1998 / Is amenorrhea a critical criterion for anorexia nervosa? (umn.edu)
  • Center in Colorado Springs in 1982 at a meeting of the Athletic Amenorrhea Bulletin , when the singer Karen Carpenter was suffering from anorexia. (humankinetics.com)
  • In regulatory-type amenorrhea, the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus has an altered function, which affects the levels of sexual hormones and their effects in the body. (news-medical.net)
  • Secondary amenorrhoea is the ceasing of menstrual cycles that is usually caused by hormonal disturbances from the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland . (biology-online.org)
  • Treatment of amenorrhea is directed toward the underlying cause and usually includes hormone therapy. (britannica.com)
  • Natural stages throughout the life of a woman can lead to a temporary or permanent change in hormone levels, which can cause amenorrhea. (news-medical.net)
  • For example, hormonal therapy plays a large role in the treatment of regulatory-type amenorrhea, but it is not necessary for outflow-type amenorrhea, because hormone levels are usually normal. (news-medical.net)
  • Secondary amenorrhea is caused by low levels of the hormone leptin in females with low body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was previously thought that prolactin hormone, which is released by the anterior pituitary in response to the direct nerve stimulation of suckling, was responsible for creating the hormonal pathways necessary to sustain amenorrhea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anything that disrupts your normal hormone levels can cause amenorrhea. (aafp.org)
  • It's not impossible to get pregnant with amenorrhea says Kay Ali , a nutritional therapist and functional hormone specialist. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • Other causes of amenorrhea in women include stress, anxiety, hormone imbalance, the use of certain forms of contraception, endocrine disorders or other forms of reproductive disorders. (livestrong.com)
  • Amenorrhea is usually curable with hormone treatment or by treatment of the underlying cause. (rxmed.com)
  • Prolactin is a hormone released by the pituitary gland, and women with amenorrhea often have higher levels of prolactin. (aspirus.org)
  • Hormonal dysregulation in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, including elevated androgens and estrogens, hypersecretion of luteinizing hormone (LH), and reduced follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) synthesis, leads to menstrual irregularities and amenorrhea in women with PCOS. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Although rare in patients with hyperandrogenism, a high or low thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) result suggests the amenorrhea is due to primary hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, respectively. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • A high thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) result suggests the amenorrhea is due to primary hypothyroidism and should be followed with fT4 analysis. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Physiological states of amenorrhoea are seen, most commonly, during pregnancy and lactation (breastfeeding), the latter also forming the basis of a form of contraception known as the lactational amenorrhoea method. (wikipedia.org)
  • In women, hyperprolactinemia is often associated with amenorrhea, a condition that resembles the physiological situation during lactation (lactational amenorrhea). (wikipedia.org)
  • Physiologic states of amenorrhoea are seen during pregnancy and lactation (breastfeeding). (positivearticles.com)
  • Normal causes of amenorrhoea are pregnancy and lactation. (biology-online.org)
  • Some of the other birth control methods, such as the hormonal intrauterine device (IUD), implant, and injection can also result in amenorrhea. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Rapidly gaining weight can cause a hormonal imbalance, which can lead to temporary amenorrhea. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Treatment of amenorrhea may range from hormonal supplementation for developmental abnormalities of the reproductive system to surgery for tumors of the pituitary. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Suckling as proxy indicator of infecundity rather than a direct, hormonal causal factor is supported in studies contrasting the nursing intensity hypothesis, which says that more intense (prolonged, frequent) breastfeeding will result in a longer period of lactational amenorrhea, and the metabolic load model, which posits that maternal energy availability will be the main factor determining postpartum amenorrhea and the timing of the return of ovarian function. (wikipedia.org)
  • While amenorrhea can be caused by a various reasons, hormonal disbalance and hyperprolactinemia, in particular, are frequent causes. (omicsonline.org)
  • Certain birth control pills, injectable contraceptives, and hormonal intrauterine devices (IUDs) can cause amenorrhea. (nih.gov)
  • One of the most common causes of amenorrhea is hormonal disturbance. (hindustanlink.com)
  • Female athletes have a higher than average rate of menstrual dysfunction, particularly amenorrhea, but the long-term effects of the exercise-related disorders are not known. (infoplease.com)
  • Both hypothalamic and pituitary disorders are linked to low FSH levels leading to hypogonadotropic amenorrhoea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nutrition- and lifestyle-related causes of amenorrhea include too much exercise, losing excessive weight, excessive weight gain or obesity, eating disorders, poor nutrition and too little body fat. (livestrong.com)
  • Psychotherapy or counseling, if amenorrhea is stress-related or results from eating disorders. (rxmed.com)
  • Initial clinical assessment including whether amenorrhoea is primary or secondary, although many of these disorders may present as either. (edu.au)
  • Some disorders may be associated with oligomenorrhoea rather than amenorrhoea. (edu.au)
  • it may be brought on by acute or chronic infection, disease of the endocrine glands, neuro-psychiatric disorders ("war amenorrhea," for example), cardiovascular or blood disease, and so forth. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Frequently amenorrhea produces no marked subjective disorders, but severe cases may lead to metabolic changes (adiposis or sometimes loss of weight), depression, or unpleasant sensations such as congestion or vertigo. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • No consensus has been reached regarding the point at which oligomenorrhea becomes amenorrhea. (medscape.com)
  • Oligomenorrhea & amenorrhea is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus . (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Zeiger, Roni F.. "Oligomenorrhea & Amenorrhea. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • 5minute , www.unboundmedicine.com/5minute/view/Diagnosaurus/114539/all/Oligomenorrhea_&_amenorrhea. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • When a woman is experiencing amenorrhoea, an eating disorder, and osteoporosis together, this is called female athlete triad syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amenorrhea in combination with low energy availability and low bone density is labeled "the Female Athlete Triad. (healio.com)
  • In females of reproductive age, diagnosing amenorrhea is a matter of first determining whether pregnancy is the etiology. (medscape.com)
  • The management of secondary amenorrhea can include medical or surgical treatments, depending on the etiology. (managingcontraception.com)
  • Amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual bleeding. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Amenorrhea is the transient or permanent absence of menstrual flow and may be subdivided into primary and secondary presentations, relative to menarche. (bmj.com)
  • This was followed by an attempt to address amenorrhea with bromocriptine 5 mg per day, but without significant clinical effects (i.e. hyperprolactinemia was still significantly above the normal range- 2080 uIU/mL), and she still experienced amenorrhea one month after the treatment. (omicsonline.org)
  • If TSH, LH, and FSH are normal but prolactin is elevated, then the amenorrhea is due to hyperprolactinemia. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • and, in primary amenorrhea, progression of normal pubertal development. (aafp.org)
  • Her past medical history included presentation at 16 years of age with primary amenorrhoea that was attributed to pubertal delay. (mja.com.au)
  • Also, delay in pubertal development will lead to primary amenorrhoea. (morebooks.de)
  • Exercising women with amenorrhea lose this normal rhythm, which raises the possibility that this cycle is important for the maintenance of reproductive function. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • It is unknown whether these waves of follicle growth also occur in women with amenorrhea or if there is abnormal/absent follicle growth. (centerwatch.com)
  • Current evaluation of amenorrhea. (medscape.com)
  • A mother and her 15-year-old daughter presented to the office for further evaluation of amenorrhea. (healio.com)
  • Three months or more without a menstrual period in a woman is the definition of amenorrhea. (news-medical.net)
  • Primary amenorrhea is the absence of the menstrual period by the age of 16. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Amenorrhea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of these complications is Amenorrhea - where the girl or woman will completely fail to have a menstrual period. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Amenorrhea means the absence of the menstrual period. (hindustanlink.com)
  • Prognostic Significance of Adjuvant Chemotherapy Induced Amenorrhea in Luminal A and B Subtypes In this retrospective study, chemotherapy induced amenorrhea in patients with early stage breast cancer and its effects on survival were investigated.Two hundred fifty-two patients received adjuvant chemotherapy without ovarian suppression treatment (OST) from 600 premenopausal patients were included in the study. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Gonadal, usually ovarian, abnormalities tend to be linked to elevated FSH levels or hypergonadotropic amenorrhoea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Premature ovarian failure accounts for about 10 percent of cases of secondary amenorrhea. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Most congenital anomalies involving genetic aberrations and gross developmental anomalies of either the ovarian or müllerian structures present as primary amenorrhea. (glowm.com)
  • There are no X-ray findings associated with most common causes of amenorrhea, like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and premature ovarian failure . (wikidoc.org)
  • Identification of at least 12 ovarian follicles measuring 2-9 mm and increased ovarian size, along with hyperandrogenism/hyperandrogenemia, suggests that amenorrhea is due to PCOS. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • I have ovarian cysts and amenorrhea for years with a cycle that is only induced by birth control. (healthtap.com)
  • Do I need to be concerned if my pet/ct shows fdg uptakes in billateral ovarian cysts if I have amenorrhea (no period last 6mo, normal before then)? (healthtap.com)
  • Thus, the laboratory work-up for primary amenorrhea due to gonadal dysgenesis should include measurement of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to rule out pregnancy only in patients that have undergone IVF. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • The main causes of primary amenorrhea include family history, genetics, and lifestyle. (familydoctor.org)
  • There is no evidence as of the early 2000s that the incidence of either primary or secondary amenorrhea is related to race or ethnic background. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Primary amenorrhea is the delay or failure to start menstruating upon reaching the age of 16, while secondary amenorrhea is the abnormal cessation of cycles once they have started. (britannica.com)
  • In some cases, abnormal structure of the female sexual organs may be responsible for causing amenorrhea. (news-medical.net)
  • As per classification it is clear that physiological amenorrhea is the normal condition of female body and pathological amenorrhea is the abnormal. (boloji.com)
  • Also, according to a 2002 study, nearly 30% of obese women with PCOS had amenorrhea. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • A patient with primary amenorrhea due to PCOS may have signs of hyperandrogenism (hirsutism, male pattern baldness, acne) and/or hyperandrogenemia (elevated serum testosterone). (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Patients with PCOS and primary amenorrhea may also be infertile and insulin resistant (central obesity, hypertension, acanthosis nigricans). (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Patients with amenorrhea due to PCOS often have gonadotropic abnormalities. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Primary amenorrhea involves the absence of menarche in a woman aged 16 years. (news-medical.net)
  • Primary amenorrhea is defined as an absence of secondary sexual characteristics by age 14 with no menarche or normal secondary sexual characteristics but no menarche by 16 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • If secondary amenorrhoea is triggered early in life, for example through excessive exercise or weight loss, menarche may not return later in life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary amenorrhea can be diagnosed if a patient has normal secondary sexual characteristics but no menarche by 16 years of age. (aafp.org)
  • Furthermore, delayed menarche, an additional risk factor for developing secondary amenorrhoea, 2 although prevalent in some sports has not been assessed in synchronised swimming. (bmj.com)
  • Patient had menarche at 11 years, after which she had regular menstruations for 4 years before she developed secondary amenorrhea. (ukessays.com)
  • This paper explores the advantages and disadvantages of the lactational amenorrhea method (LAM) and their implications for policy and use. (nih.gov)
  • However, there are various other causes of secondary amenorrhea, including Asherman's syndrome, strenuous physical activity and low body weight. (news-medical.net)
  • When the condition happens to a girl around the age of 14 - where she has never experienced a menstrual cycle in the first place, the condition is classified as primary amenorrhea. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • You may need to have more calcium and vitamin D if your amenorrhea is caused by low estrogen levels. (drugs.com)
  • Estrogen lack results in primary amenorrhea and absent sexual maturation. (annals.org)