Amenorrhea: Absence of menstruation.Hypothalamic Diseases: Neoplastic, inflammatory, infectious, and other diseases of the hypothalamus. Clinical manifestations include appetite disorders; AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; SLEEP DISORDERS; behavioral symptoms related to dysfunction of the LIMBIC SYSTEM; and neuroendocrine disorders.Oligomenorrhea: Abnormally infrequent menstruation.Menstruation: The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.Galactorrhea: Excessive or inappropriate LACTATION in females or males, and not necessarily related to PREGNANCY. Galactorrhea can occur either unilaterally or bilaterally, and be profuse or sparse. Its most common cause is HYPERPROLACTINEMIA.Primary Ovarian Insufficiency: Cessation of ovarian function after MENARCHE but before the age of 40, without or with OVARIAN FOLLICLE depletion. It is characterized by the presence of OLIGOMENORRHEA or AMENORRHEA, elevated GONADOTROPINS, and low ESTRADIOL levels. It is a state of female HYPERGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM. Etiologies include genetic defects, autoimmune processes, chemotherapy, radiation, and infections.Menstruation Disturbances: Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.Hyperprolactinemia: Increased levels of PROLACTIN in the BLOOD, which may be associated with AMENORRHEA and GALACTORRHEA. Relatively common etiologies include PROLACTINOMA, medication effect, KIDNEY FAILURE, granulomatous diseases of the PITUITARY GLAND, and disorders which interfere with the hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release. Ectopic (non-pituitary) production of prolactin may also occur. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch36, pp77-8)Gonadal Dysgenesis, 46,XY: Defects in the SEX DETERMINATION PROCESS in 46, XY individuals that result in abnormal gonadal development and deficiencies in TESTOSTERONE and subsequently ANTIMULLERIAN HORMONE or other factors required for normal male sex development. This leads to the development of female phenotypes (male to female sex reversal), normal to tall stature, and bilateral streak or dysgenic gonads which are susceptible to GONADAL TISSUE NEOPLASMS. An XY gonadal dysgenesis is associated with structural abnormalities on the Y CHROMOSOME, a mutation in the GENE, SRY, or a mutation in other autosomal genes that are involved in sex determination.Anovulation: Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.Menstrual Cycle: The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Menorrhagia: Excessive uterine bleeding during MENSTRUATION.Follicle Stimulating Hormone: A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Ovarian Function Tests: Methods used for assessment of ovarian function.Cerebral Aqueduct: Narrow channel in the MESENCEPHALON that connects the third and fourth CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.Anorexia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)TokyoAcneiform Eruptions: Visible efflorescent lesions of the skin caused by acne or resembling acne. (Dorland, 28th ed, p18, 575)Hypogonadism: Condition resulting from deficient gonadal functions, such as GAMETOGENESIS and the production of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES. It is characterized by delay in GROWTH, germ cell maturation, and development of secondary sex characteristics. Hypogonadism can be due to a deficiency of GONADOTROPINS (hypogonadotropic hypogonadism) or due to primary gonadal failure (hypergonadotropic hypogonadism).Endometrial Ablation Techniques: Procedures used for the targeted destruction of the mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity.Empty Sella Syndrome: A condition when the SELLA TURCICA is not filled with pituitary tissue. The pituitary gland is either compressed, atrophied, or removed. There are two types: (1) primary empty sella is due a defect in the sella diaphragm leading to arachnoid herniation into the sellar space; (2) secondary empty sella is associated with the removal or treatment of PITUITARY NEOPLASMS.Menopause, Premature: The premature cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) when the last menstrual period occurs in a woman under the age of 40. It is due to the depletion of OVARIAN FOLLICLES. Premature MENOPAUSE can be caused by diseases; OVARIECTOMY; RADIATION; chemicals; and chromosomal abnormalities.Postpartum Period: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).Norpregnadienes: Pregnadienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.Virilism: Development of male secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS in the FEMALE. It is due to the effects of androgenic metabolites of precursors from endogenous or exogenous sources, such as ADRENAL GLANDS or therapeutic drugs.Bulimia: Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".46, XX Disorders of Sex Development: Congenital conditions in individuals with a female karyotype, in which the development of the gonadal or anatomical sex is atypical.Pituitary Diseases: Disorders involving either the ADENOHYPOPHYSIS or the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS. These diseases usually manifest as hypersecretion or hyposecretion of PITUITARY HORMONES. Neoplastic pituitary masses can also cause compression of the OPTIC CHIASM and other adjacent structures.Luteinizing Hormone: A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Luteinizing hormone regulates steroid production by the interstitial cells of the TESTIS and the OVARY. The preovulatory LUTEINIZING HORMONE surge in females induces OVULATION, and subsequent LUTEINIZATION of the follicle. LUTEINIZING HORMONE consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.Sports: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.

The lipoprotein profile of women with hyperprolactinaemic amenorrhoea. (1/431)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the lipoprotein profile in women with hyperprolactinaemic amenorrhoea and to establish whether effective dopamine agonist therapy might have a beneficial effect. Blood samples were collected from women with hyperprolactinaemic amenorrhoea and from controls matched for age, body mass index and smoking. Follow-up blood samples were collected from women on dopamine agonist therapy as treatment for their hyperprolactinaemia. Plasma cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, very low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, serum oestradiol and prolactin were measured. No statistically significant differences were found in the lipoprotein profile of the patient (n = 15) and control (n = 15) groups. During treatment with the dopamine agonist, bromocriptine (n = 9), significant reduction in total cholesterol [4.87 (3.98-5.87) versus 5.60 (4.55-6.61) mmol/l, P = 0.024] and LDL cholesterol [3.22 (2.01-4.23) versus 3.72 (2.59-4.93) mmol/l, P = 0.033] was noted. We conclude that beneficial alterations in the lipoprotein profile may occur in response to effective dopamine agonist therapy, presumably as a consequence of return of ovarian function and alleviation of oestrogen deficiency. Women with hyperprolactinaemic amenorrhoea should be encouraged to take effective therapy to improve their lipoprotein profile and potentially reduce their cardiovascular risk.  (+info)

Evaluation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in amenorrhoeic women with insulin-dependent diabetes. (2/431)

Diabetes is associated with a higher incidence of secondary hypogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. In amenorrhoeic women with insulin-dependent diabetes a derangement in hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary axis has been proposed. No data exist on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function in these women. Gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH), corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH), metoclopramide and thyroid releasing hormone (TRH) tests were performed in 15 diabetic women, eight amenorrhoeic (AD) and seven eumenorrhoeic (ED). Frequent blood samples were taken during 24 h to evaluate cortisol plasma concentrations. There were no differences between the groups in body mass index, duration of diabetes, insulin dose and metabolic control. The AD women had lower plasma concentrations of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), prolactin, oestradiol, androstenedione and 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) than the ED women. The responses of pituitary gonadotrophins to GnRH, and of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) to TRH, were similar in both groups. The AD women had a lower prolactin response to TRH and metoclopramide, and lower ACTH and cortisol responses to CRH, than the ED women. Mean cortisol concentrations > 24 h were higher in the amenorrhoeic group. Significant differences in cortisol concentrations from 2400 to 1000 h were found between the two groups. Insulin-dependent diabetes may involve mild chronic hypercortisolism which may affect metabolic control. Stress-induced activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis would increase hypothalamic secretion of CRH. This would lead directly and perhaps also indirectly by increasing dopaminergic tonus to inhibition of GnRH secretion and hence hypogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. Amenorrhoea associated with metabolically controlled insulin-dependent diabetes is a form of functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea that requires pharmacological and psychological management.  (+info)

Histopathological findings of the ovaries in anovulatory women. (3/431)

Wedge resection of the ovary was carried out in 45 anovulatory women to study the correlation between the degree of disturbance of ovulation and the histopathological findings. Polycystic ovary was always found in patients with anovulatory cycles. The ovaries in grade 1 amenorrhea showing withdrawal bleeding in response to gestagen alone belonged to the nonspecific type, polycystic type and sclerotic type. These histological changes were relatively mild in many cases. The ovaries in grade 2 amenorrhea showing withdrawal bleeding in response to estrogen and gestagen but not to gestagen alone belonged to the non-specific type, polycystic type, sclerotic type, atrophic type and streak type. Even within the same histological entity, the histological findings of the ovaries were more pronounced in grade 2 amenorrhea than in grade 1 amenorrhea. The patients with primary amenorrhea had only hypoplastic and aplastic ovaries with marked histological abnormalities.  (+info)

Anti-nuclear antibodies in patients with premature ovarian failure. (4/431)

We examined the prevalence of anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) in 32 consecutive patients with premature ovarian failure with and without chromosomal abnormalities. Blood samples were taken for karyotype determination as well as detection of autoantibodies, X-terminal microdeletions and spontaneous follicular growth. The correlation between ANA positivity and the age at onset of amenorrhoea, as well as the presence of karyotype abnormalities, X-terminal microdeletions and follicular growth was determined. Ten of the 24 patients with normal karyotype and none of the 8 patients with karyotype abnormalities were ANA positive. ANA were found more frequently in patients with premature ovarian failure with normal karyotypes than in control amenorrhoeic patients (42 versus 6, P < 0.01). ANA were found in 77% (10/13) of premature ovarian failure patients with normal karyotypes who developed amenorrhoea at or under the age of 30 years, but not in the patients who developed amenorrhoea later in life. Follicular growth was evident in 50% (5/10) of karyotypically normal patients with ANA, 71% (10/14) of karyotypically normal patients without ANA and 38% (3/8) of patients with karyotype abnormalities. X-terminal microdeletions were not found in any of the patients studied. These results suggest that patients with premature ovarian failure and ANA are an aetiologically and clinically distinct group.  (+info)

Large empty sella with an intrasellar herniation of an elongated third ventricle. Case report. (5/431)

A 73-year-old female presented with a large empty sella with herniation of an elongated third ventricle concomitant with herniation of the surrounding subarachnoid space into the sella, manifesting as visual impairment and amenorrhea without galactorrhea. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography cisternography clearly showed the large empty sella, without evidence of either hydrocephalus or benign intracranial hypertension, which is extremely rare.  (+info)

Variation of luteinizing hormone and androgens in oligomenorrhoea and its implications for the study of polycystic ovary syndrome. (6/431)

We measured luteinizing hormone (LH) and androgen concentrations in patients at different phases of the oligomenorrhoeic cycle and compared the results with those of patients with normogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. Several blood samples separated by >/=7 days were obtained from each of 72 patients with oligomenorrhoea and 18 with normogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. The oligomenorrhoeic cycle was divided into five phases: the postmenstrual phase week 1 (day 1-7) and week 2 (day 8-14), the specific oligomenorrhoeic phase (SOP, day 15 after a menstruation to day 21 before the next menstruation), the possibly peri-ovulatory phase (days 21-11 before menstruation) and the premenstrual phase (days 10-1 before menstruation). Samples obtained in the possibly peri-ovulatory phase were excluded. Within individuals LH concentrations were significantly higher during the SOP than during all other phases of the oligomenorrhoeic cycle (paired t-test, P = 0.0001-0.03). In contrast to the other phases of the oligomenorrhoeic cycle, no significant differences in gonadotrophins, androgen or oestradiol concentrations were found between the SOP and normogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. In oligomenorrhoea timing of blood sampling influences the measurement of LH and androgen concentrations, and the accurate interpretation of these measurements requires that the dates of menstruation both before and after the sample is taken should be known. In patients with oligomenorrhoea blood samples should be obtained during the SOP, when the endocrinology is comparable with that of normogonadotrophic amenorrhoea.  (+info)

Long-term treatment with bromocriptine of a plurihormonal pituitary adenoma secreting thyrotropin, growth hormone and prolactin. (7/431)

A 48-year-old female presented with acromegaly, amenorrhea and hyperthyroidism associated with high serum free T4 levels and measurable TSH concentrations. The administration of GHRH induced significant increases in GH, PRL and TSH. Conversely, intravenous infusion of dopamine or oral administration of bromocriptine effectively inhibited GH, PRL and TSH secretion. Serum alpha-subunit levels were neither affected by GHRH, dopamine nor bromocriptine. Transsphenoidal surgery was performed and immunostaining of the tissue showed that the adenoma cells were positive for GH, PRL or TSH. The patient was treated with bromocriptine at a daily oral dose of 10 mg after surgery. Serum TSH were initially suppressed but returned within reference intervals with persistent normalized free T4 levels. Serum PRL became undetectable and GH levels were stable around 6 ng/ml except the periods of poor drug compliance, when serum TSH, GH and PRL levels rose considerably. The patient was followed-up for 10 years without any change in the residual adenoma tissues as detected by magnetic resonance imaging. These findings suggest that long-term bromocriptine therapy is effective in treating the hypersecretory state of a plurihormonal adenoma secreting TSH, GH and PRL.  (+info)

Variability of breast sucking, associated milk transfer and the duration of lactational amenorrhoea. (8/431)

Quantitative relationships between physical parameters of sucking, milk transfer and the duration of amenorrhoea were examined in normal mother-baby pairs under exclusive breastfeeding. Sucking pressures were recorded twice on the second and once on the fifth month after birth, during complete breastfeeding episodes, by means of a catheter attached to the nipple and connected to a pressure transducer, the signals of which were analysed by computer. Babies were weighed before and after each sucking episode to estimate milk transfer. In the first nursing episode after noon, 2-month-old babies sucked from 140 to > 800 times during 4-15 min from the first breast, obtaining from 20 to > 100 g milk. The physical parameters of sucking and milk transfer exhibited high inter-individual but low intra-individual variabilities. There were significant differences in the physical parameters of sucking and milk transfer efficiency between first and second breast and between the second and fifth months after birth. Milk transfer efficiency was inversely correlated with time occupied by non-sucking pauses > or = 1.5 s, and was directly correlated with mean intersuck intervals in the first breast and with duration of the sucking episode, number of sucks, mean pressure and area under the pressure curve in the second breast. There was no correlation between the physical parameters of sucking and duration of lactational amenorrhoea (n = 62). However, significantly more mothers had amenorrhoea lasting > 180 days among those whose babies spent a longer proportion of the nursing episode in non-sucking pauses > or = 1.5 s. This finding indicates that sensory stimulation of the nipple produced during a nursing episode by stimuli other than sucking itself may have an important role in sustaining lactational amenorrhoea. It is concluded that nursing episodes have a complex structure that allows the development of a breastfeeding phenotype in each mother-baby pair, exhibiting important inter-individual variability. The present analysis does not support the contention that this source of variability accounts for the variability in the duration of lactational amenorrhoea.  (+info)

Amenorrhea, or amenorrhoea is one of the prime causes of infertility among women. It is a type of menstrual condition when menstrual periods do not occur for more than three months in a woman. It can happen either in the early age, during puberty, or in later life. Amenorrhea can be classified as primary Amenorrhea and secondary Amenorrhea.. The first classification of Amenorrhea, that is, Primary Amenorrhea is a condition, when there is no menstrual at puberty. Secondary Amenorrhea is a condition, when menstruation stops suddenly or becomes irregular. Amenorrhea is just a sign and it is not a disease itself, which normally arises as a result of some serious health problem.. There are several causes of Amenorrhea, which are discussed in the following lines. Ovulation abnormality is one of the prime causes of Amenorrhea, more precisely, the cause of frequently missed or irregular menstrual periods. When women do not start her periods, even at the age of 16, the causes can be diagnosed as ...
Hi in the past I was diagnosed with primary amenorrhea, after seeing a specialist he has now said it is hypothalamic amenorrhea. I guess my question is does anyone know of any natural treatments I can do to begin my periods. I am desperately eager to have a baby and I know that injectibles are an option for me, but I wanted to try a natural approach first. I was informed that through all my tests that everything appears normal, however I still do not have a cycle. Please help with any useful information.. Reply Follow This Thread Stop Following This Thread Flag this Discussion ...
Polycystic ovary syndrome can cause secondary amenorrhea, Even though the hyperlink among the two is not really very well recognized. Ovarian failure relevant to early onset menopause could potentially cause secondary amenorrhea, and Even though the ailment can usually be dealt with, It is far from usually reversible. Secondary amenorrhea is additionally due to pressure, Excessive weight reduction, or extreme workout. Younger athletes are notably susceptible, although standard menses normally return with nutritious overall body excess weight. Causes of secondary amenorrhea can also cause Main amenorrhea, particularly if present right before onset of menarche.[26][27 ...
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
Stefani, I appreciate your unique blog and all the great information that you share. A couple of years ago, your cautionary post on intermittent (and other types of) fasting by women helped me a lot, and since then, at various times, in the comment sections of newspaper/magazine articles and other blogs articles about fasting, I have posted a link to that article by you so women who are thinking of doing some kind of fast will have a more nuanced understanding of what it might entail for them (as females).. Regarding the topic of hypothalmic amenorrhea and other endocrinological issues, I would like to mention to readers who have not received hypothalmic amenorrhea as an "official" diagnosis by a doctor, but who have an array of confusing symptoms and are trying to figure out what it might mean, that what they are dealing with may not be this, but may be another endocrinological problem. One of the readers who commented earlier here mentioned that her doctors had looked into endometriosis, ...
Prolonged breast-feeding is an encouraged tradition in Egypt. Breastfeeding is associated with variable degrees of amenorrhea and infertility but there is a risk of resumption of fertility and therefore, of conception during lactation. A consensus statement formalized the lactational amenorrhea method of contraception (LAM), which has subsequently been included in the family planning programs in some developing countries. It has proved to be effective with cumulative pregnancy rates ranging from only 0.9% to 1.2%. However, if any of the prerequisites of LAM expire at any time, the contraceptive efficacy will be much reduced.. The expiry of LAM requirements can occur unexpectedly at a time the woman is not ready to visit a clinic to initiate another contraceptive. Pregnancy during breast-feeding may result in mistimed, unplanned and sometimes unwanted childbirth. A study done in Egypt has shown that one in 4 of pregnancies during lactation were unplanned Such pregnancies, in addition to their ...
Amenorrhea is a sign of a potentially serious problem for athletes, now and for their future health. The hormonal imbalance causing menstrual dysfunction can adversely affect sports performance. But the long term risks of such hormonal imbalance include infertility, osteoporosis, sexual and adrenal dysfunction.. Overtraining and its associated lifestyle factors, especially diet, contributes to amenorrhea and has been termed the overtraining syndrome. Endurance athletes, those focused on aesthetics, and those involved with high-intensity training and competition are at greatest risk.. In the study cited above, 60% of the group had diets deficient in calories and nutrients, especially protein, healthy fats, and calcium. This is frequently accompanied by excessively low body weight and body fat. Femoral fat stores - those around the hips, buttocks, and thighs are important for female health. While some amenorrheic athletes consume an energy-deficient diet, others consume the same total calories as ...
A study led by sports medicine researcher Anne Hoch, D.O. at The Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee has found that oral folic acid may provide a safe and inexpensive treatment to improve vascular function in young female runners who are amenorrheic (not menstruating). The study is published in the May 2010 issue of Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.. While the benefits for women leading an active lifestyle, including running, are profound and well-known, there are serious exercise-associated health risks. Young female athletes who do not eat enough to offset the energy they expend exercising can stop menstruating or develop irregular menses as a consequence. Their resulting estrogen profile is similar to that of postmenopausal women who have low estrogen levels placing the young women at higher risk for early onset heart disease.. There are nearly three million girls in high school sports and approximately 23 million women who run at least six times a week. The prevalence of ...
Womens health - Primary Amenorrhea Support Group - Amenorrhea is a menstrual disorder in women indicating absence of menses. Menstruation signals womanhood, the gift of procreation, re-creation, and regeneration.
Title: Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM) of Family Planning Author: bdeller Last modified by: adminime Created Date: 12/28/2007 2:41:26 PM Document presentation format – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 72ba97-NWYxZ
In patients with secondary amenorrhoea elevated basal 17-fluorogenic corticosteroid and androstenedione levels were found. In addition, underweight patients had elevated basal growth hormone levels, markedly suppressed basal gonadotrophin levels and impaired pituitary FSH and EH release after ERF-injection. Growth hormone and prolactin secretion in response to insulin-induced hypoglycaemia were also impaired in these patients. Low basal 17Β-oestradiol levels were found in patients with low FSH and EH but also in women with elevated prolactin levels who had normal peripheral gonadotrophin levels. Clomiphene responsiveness was related to the basal gonadotrophin and prolactin concentrations. It is hypothesised that the abnormalities in hypothalamic-pituitary function in women with secondary amenorrhoea may be a result of selective neurotransmitter deficiencies ...
Your fifteen-year-old patient has been diagnosed with secondary amenorrhea. The urine human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is negative and Prolactin levels are
Hirsutism, Muscle Mass Decreased, Secondary Amenorrhea Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Menopause, Prolactinoma, Virilization. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Luteinizing Hormone Low, Obesity, Primary Amenorrhea Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Kallmann Syndrome, Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism Type 22. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Questions & Answers 301 Have a questions to be answered by Dr. Morse? Send it to: [email protected] Thank you!!! 16:11 - Leigh - 42-year-old with CMT, Scoliosis, Asthma, Migraines, Obesity, Pineal Cyst, and other health concerns. (Eye Review). 49:38 - Jeeyumi - My thought will be based on what is happening to me for the last couple months which is: When Im eating good (very high raw), Im not filering, when I eat cooked stuff or processed food I then filter real good. 54:01 - Patty - Eye pictures requested by Dr. Morse - Fell Rock Climbing. 01:06:00 - Natalie - I have a diagnosis of Primary Amenorrhea - meaning I have not received my cycle naturally. Like a very early menopause. On an ultrasound the doctor witnessed very small and not functioning ovaries when I was 16 and gave me pregnancy pills…. ...
We report a 14-year-old girl with primary amenorrhea and virilization. The chromosomal analysis showed a normal 46,XX female karyotype and the hormonal assays disclosed high serum levels of testostero
Clinical record. A 22-year-old Taiwanese woman on a working holiday in Australia was admitted to hospital in March 2011 with a cervical spine fracture from a motor vehicle accident. During her hospital stay it was noted that she had metabolic alkalosis with significant hypokalaemia.. Her past medical history included presentation at 16 years of age with primary amenorrhoea that was attributed to pubertal delay. At that time, she was given oestrogen-progesterone replacement therapy, which induced withdrawal bleeding. She noted an increase in stature after commencing hormone replacement therapy, growing to the height of her two brothers. She was diagnosed with mild hypertension at a pre-immigration health check in Taiwan. After arriving in Australia, 12 months before the accident, she had stopped taking hormonal therapy and experienced complete cessation of withdrawal bleeds. She was ethnically Han Chinese with no family history of consanguinity.. Physical examination revealed she was tall and ...
AbstractThe authors discuss the case of a 21-year-old female of Afro-Caribbean origin, who presented with primary amenorrhoea, and was found to have congenital absence of the uterus and fallopian tubes in the presence of a normal vaginal cavity.
Get information, facts, and pictures about amenorrhea at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about amenorrhea easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Amenorrhea. Transient, intermittent, or permanentResults from dysfunction of the hypothalamus, pituitary, ovaries, uterus, or vagina . Primary vs. Secondary Amenorrhea . Primary: Absence of menarche by the age of 16.Secondary: absence of menses for more than three cycle intervals or six months...
Amenorrhea refers to absence of menstruation. Some of the primary amenorrhea causes include non existence of the uterus or inability of the ovaries to preserve eggs.
Abstract. Primary amenorrhea which result commonly from sex chromosome aberration as geneticabnormalities, may result from oneaberration in autosomal chromosomes or in association with sex chromosomal aberrations. Chromosomal analysis was performed for the 26 years old lady (married and infertile) with primary amenorrhea by using G-band technique. Four autosomal chromosomes are involved in producing primary amenorrhea with normal phenotype, secondary characteristics were associated with mosaic karyotypes the1st: 46,XX,(3;5;10)(q13-23;q23-35;22-25),(5;19)(qter;p13.2),del(19p13.2).2nd: 45,XX, ,(3;5;10)(q13-23;q23-35;22-25),del(12),del(12),del(19p13.2),(M).The sex chromosomes look normal.The conclusion was that may be some autosomal chromosomes regulate reproductive development and may the alerted regions on chromosomes in recent study have effect somehow on regulation of reproductive development.. انقطاع الطمث الابتدائي الذي يمثل احد التشوهات الجنينية ...
Objective: To determine whether cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), which we had shown in a previous study to restore ovarian function in women with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA), could also ameliorate hypercortisolemia and improve other neuroendocrine and metabolic concomitants of in FHA. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Clinical research center at an academic medical university. Patient(s): Seventeen women with FHA were randomized either to CBT or observation. Intervention(s): CBT versus observation. Main Outcome Measure(s): Circulatory concentrations of cortisol, leptin, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), total and free thyronine (T 3 ), and total and free thyroxine (T 4 ) before and immediately after completion of CBT or observation. (Each woman served as her own control.) Result(s): Cognitive behavior therapy but not observation reduced cortisol levels in women with FHA. There were no changes in cortisol, leptin, TSH, T 3 , or T 4 levels in women randomized to ...
Diet also plays an important role. Decreased caloric intake and a high fibre diet are associated with a raised level of Serum Sex Hormone Binding Globulin and lowered levels of biological active oestrogens.. There is a higher incidence of amenorrhea in athletes who have a low caloric intake or who are vegetarians. The increased fibre is thought to bind with calcium and reduce calcium absorption. Excess fibre may also lead to decreased bone density by the binding of steroids to fibre or indirectly by decreasing enterohepatic circulation of oestrogens, either of which would have a negative effect on bone remodelling.. Increases in dietary fat consumption are associated with increased levels of circulating oestrogens. Amenorrheic athletes have an increased risk of musculosketal injuries and may have a low calcium and vitamin D intake. The recommended daily calcium for an adolescent is 1500mg and 800 international units of vitamin D.. Drinkwater et al (1990) reported vertebral BMD to be ...
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Diagnosis begins with a gynecologist/care provider evaluating a females medical history and a complete physical examination including a pelvic examination. A diagnosis of amenorrhea can only be certain when the physician/care provider rules out other menstrual disorders, medical conditions, or medications that may be causing or aggravating the condition. In addition, a diagnosis of amenorrhea requires that a female has missed at least three consecutive menstrual cycles, without being pregnant. Young women who have not had their first menstrual period by the age of 15 should be evaluated promptly, as making an early diagnosis and starting treatment as soon as possible is very important.. ...
Diagnosis begins with a gynecologist/care provider evaluating a females medical history and a complete physical examination including a pelvic examination. A diagnosis of amenorrhea can only be certain when the physician/care provider rules out other menstrual disorders, medical conditions, or medications that may be causing or aggravating the condition. In addition, a diagnosis of amenorrhea requires that a female has missed at least three consecutive menstrual cycles, without being pregnant. Young women who have not had their first menstrual period by the age of 15 should be evaluated promptly, as making an early diagnosis and starting treatment as soon as possible is very important.. ...
Amenorrhea is defined as a health condition of absence of period 1. Primary amenrrhea Women who are at age 18, but for what ever reason have never menstruated or 2. Secondary amenrrhea is defined as period beginning at the appropriate age, but later stops for more than 3 cycles.
There are two main ways to classify amenorrhea, one is by the cause and the other is by the function. The cause can be either primary or secondary, while the function refers to the type of hormones that are involved in the absence of menstruation. Both of these categorizations of types of amenorrhea are discussed in more detail below.
Your period is missing! Where and why did it go? When will it come back? And why is this bothering you so much when youve wished countless times for your period to go away?. Anyone who has experienced a lost period - amenorrhea - knows about the anxiety caused by the sudden disappearance of our friend who usually visits every month. I mean, how dare she just dip out on you when shes accompanied you (without invitation!) to so many dances, dates, beach weekends, and final exams?. Amenorrhea isnt a disease, curse, or illness, but rather a symptom of something else going on within your body. Finding out exactly what is behind your amenorrhea can sometimes be tricky because it can be an indicator of many different issues.. The following are some of the main causes of amenorrhea so you can begin figuring it out:. 1. Hormone imbalances. For the most part hormonal imbalances are behind the majority of amenorrhea cases. Typically, the hormonal imbalance associated with amenorrhea is low estrogen or a ...
Causes of amenorrhea are many and many of the causes of amenorrhea are due to normal physiological process of a womans life, such as before starting of
Source: Adapted from the National Institutes of Health. What does the term "amenorrhea" mean? The term "amenorrhea" refers to absence of menstrual periods. To find out more about this term, please search the news section of this website for related articles and information.. ...
A natural consequence of breastfeeding is the spacing of births. However, in some cultures, especially those that practice a variety of nursing styles, misconceptions about breastfeeding and fertility abound. A 1997 edition of Healthy Pregnancy magazine states, "Contrary to popular belief, breastfeeding does not halt ovulation, so it is not an effective birth control method." As many fully breastfeeding mothers know, lactational amenorrhea (absence of menstrual periods as a result of breastfeeding) does affect their ability to get pregnant. Scientific data supporting this has been mounting for years. The Bellagio Consensus Conference on "Breastfeeding as a Family Planning Method" established that fully breastfeeding mothers who remain amenorrheic have less than a two percent chance of becoming pregnant in the first six months postpartum. "Fully breastfeeding" is defined as supplementing no more than one or two mouthfuls a day and waiting no more than four to six hours between nursings. A woman ...
The how-to information appeared to deal with assault of wives as a traditional a part of day by day life within the African nation. Most ladiess health studies show that women can safely consume one drink a day. For amenorrheic athletes, the calcium RDA of 800 milligrams for ladies over the age of 24 is insufficient. Boost calcium intake (together with vitamin D and magnesium) to support bone well being and prevent osteoporosis.. Girls typically say no thank you to pink meat as a consequence of its fats content, but by choosing lean cuts you will get your iron whereas still sustaining a low-fat weight loss plan. Nevertheless, many people dont get nearly sufficient iron in our diets, making iron deficiency anemia the most common deficiency in ladies.. Well being Complete is a prominent identify in vitamin, weight reduction, well being, and lifestyle administration. Back to your fire, or metabolism; ladies that feed their our bodies with 300 energy each three hours might be naturally boosting ...
A 16-year-old girl presents with primary amenorrhea. She reports slow progression of puberty and no significant change in breast tissue over the past 3.5 years. Whats the cause?
Women with conditions that make pregnancy an unacceptable risk should be advised that the LAM may not be appropriate for them because of its relatively higher typical-use failure rates.. A woman living with HIV can transmit the virus to her child through breastfeeding. Yet breastfeeding, and especially early and exclusive breastfeeding, is one of the most critical factors for improving child survival. Breastfeeding also confers many other benefits in addition to reducing the risk of death.. Giving antiretroviral medications (ARVs) to either the HIV-positive mother or the HIV-exposed infant or both can significantly reduce the risk of transmitting HIV through breastfeeding.. In the presence of ARVs - either lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) to the mother or other ARV interventions to the mother or infant - the infant can receive all the benefits of breastfeeding with little risk of acquiring HIV. In some well-resourced countries with low infant and child mortality rates, avoidance of all ...
infant sucking of nipple ,,,, hypothalamus ,,,, increase prolatin RH & decrease GnRH ,,,,, pitutary ,,,, increase prolactin & decrease FSH & LH ,,,, Supress ...
to the editor: I would like to share a recent experience I had in my practice. A 42-year-old woman presented for her annual physical examination. Before entering the examination room, I reviewed her history: she had remarried three years ago, and she and her new husband had wanted to try for a pregnancy. She had been amenorrheic and had seen another family physician for counseling and an obstetrician-gynecologist for initial infertility evaluation. I had guided her through therapy with clomiphene citrate (Clomid). By the time of this recent visit, she and her husband had given up on having a child long ago. I had her raise her left arm above her head for a breast examination and noticed a Norplant device on the under surface of her arm. When I asked her about it, she said, "I had completely forgotten about it." I removed the Norplant this week, shared the story with the multiple other physicians involved in her infertility counseling (with her permission), and have learned to look for this ...
Pain management information for pain medicine healthcare professionals in treating and caring for their patients. Clinical Pain Advisor offers news, case studies and more.
6. A 24-year-old woman presents with the absence of periods for nine months. She started her periods at the age of 13 years and had a regular 28-day cycle until 18 months ago. The periods then became irregular, occurring every two to three months until they stopped completely. The following are all included in the differential diagnosis of secondary amenorrhoea, apart from ...
Neurology news, research and treatment studies for epilepsy, neurodegenerative disorders, patients with MS and other brain and central nervous system disorders and diseases.
I am 27 years married, My Periods are not in Month. What is the Problem Secondary amenorrhea is a condition in which a woman misses her periods for more than one month. A woman can experience secondary amenorrhea at any point in her life, till ... read more... ...
It happens all the time, but one thing that makes both men and women anxious is a missed menstrual period. Everyones always worried about being pregnant (and you should be). While a missed menstrual period is the defining feature of early pregnancy, it can be due to a number of other factors and conditions. Skipped periods are…
In view of her symptoms and condition, AyurVAID decided to use treatments including Arthava vaigunyam, Stoulyam and Asmari. The treatment lasted for a period of 34 days, which was coupled by a three month follow up duration
The hormonal factors that link energy deficit and the stopping of periods in athletes are not well characterized," she said. "These factors are important to determine in order to develop therapies that will lead to resumption of periods and hence improved bone density.". In females ages 12 to 18, Misra and her colleagues measured levels of various hormones, including ghrelin. Giving ghrelin to animals and humans has been shown to cause impaired secretion of hormones that regulate ovarian and menstrual function, and ghrelin levels are elevated in people with anorexia nervosa, another condition of severe energy deficit, she said. Until now, ghrelin levels have not been studied in teenage athletes in relation to ovarian hormones.. The researchers studied 21 teenage athletes with amenorrhea, 19 normally menstruating athletes and 18 nonathletic girls. The body mass index, a measure of body fat, was lower in the amenorrheic girls than in the other two groups, but overall these athletes were not ...
Sperm lie subsequent to the neck of the is it safe to eat mascarpone during pregnancy (cervix) when a man comes (ejaculates) during sex. Nasal pits are additionally forming. Some reasons for having a missed or late interval with out being pregnant include: ovulation issues or ovarian reserve issues Circumstances like Polycystic Durong Syndrome (PCOS)Hypothalamic Amenorrhea, and excessive Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) or Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) can intervene together with your menstrual cycle. I met is nausea without vomiting a pregnancy symptom many wonderful and kind individuals. I used is it safe to eat mascarpone during pregnancy be in utter shock hip pain from pregnancy his dimension - 10. When youve got a foul headache that lasts for greater than two or three hours, along with vision disturbances and have sudden swelling in your hands, eyes and face, you might have pre-eclampsia (NCCWCH 2003:ninety nine). The ultrasound will affirm the being pregnant and may indicate the ...
Amenorrhea is the absence of periods in matured woman, who is neither pregnant nor past menopause. It comes in two types, primary (never had a period) and secondary (had periods, then they stopped).
ch. 1. Why the triad now? : developing a positive body image -- ch. 2. Thin is in : disordered eating -- ch. 3. Dying to be thin : anorexia nervosa -- ch. 4. Out of the kitchen and into the closet : bulimia nervosa -- ch. 5. The power of your period : amenorrhea -- ch. 6. Old bones in young women : osteoporosis -- ch. 7. Getting help : teamwork for success -- ch. 8. Peak performance : preventing the triad ...
Maraming puwedeng dahilan bakit nawawalan ng regla. Ang medical term dito ay amenorrhea. Puwedeng normal lang ang amenorrhea, katulad kung buntis, nagpapasuso o menopause na. Puwede ring dahil sa gamot katulad kung umiinom ng pills, may injectable o implant para hindi mabuntis. Ang pagiging underweight o kulang sa timbang, sobrang ehersisyo at stress ay puwede ring maging dahilan ng amenorrhea. Puwede ring hormonal imbalance ang dahilan ng amenorrhea. Puwedeng magpatingin sa endocrinologist kung ito ang problema. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) Problema sa thyroid: puwedeng HYPO- (kulang sa thyroid hormones) or HYPERthyroid (sobra sa thyroid hormones) Tumor sa pituitary gland Premature menopause: Kadalasan nagme-menopause edad 50 pataas, pero may mga ilang babae na nauubos ang itlog sa mga obaryo edad 40 pa lamang at dahil dito ay nawawalan ng regla Puwede ring may problema sa mga internal organs kaya walang regla. Kailangang magpatingin sa obstetrician-gynecologist. May peklat sa uterus (matris o
Lactational Amenorrhea Method[change , change source]. This is when a woman is breastfeeding (using her breasts to make milk ...
AmenorrheaEdit. Although the pill is sometimes prescribed to induce menstruation on a regular schedule for women bothered by ... This produced the same 15% pregnancy rate during the following four months without the amenorrhea of the previous continuous ... amenorrhea, menstrual cramps, menstrual migraines, menorrhagia (excessive menstrual bleeding), menstruation-related or fibroid- ... pill before the end of the first year because of the annoyance of side effects such as breakthrough bleeding and amenorrhea.[46 ...
If the mother was experiencing lactational amenorrhea her periods will return along with the return of her fertility. When no ... Exclusive breastfeeding usually delays the return of fertility through lactational amenorrhea, although it does not provide ... a phenomenon known as lactational amenorrhea.[3] Long-term benefits for the mother include decreased risk of breast cancer, ... prolonged lactational amenorrhea, avoidance of nipple confusion, and stimulation of an adequate milk supply to ensure higher ...
The term for cycles with intervals exceeding 35 days is oligomenorrhea.[80] Amenorrhea refers to more than three[79] to six[80] ... Kippley SK, Kippley JF (November-December 1972). "The relation between breastfeeding and amenorrhea". Journal of Obstetric, ... Main article: Lactational amenorrhea method. Breastfeeding causes negative feedback to occur on pulse secretion of gonadotropin ... The production of prolactin in response to suckling is important to maintaining lactational amenorrhea.[110] On average, women ...
"Traumatic hypomenorrhea-amenorrhea (Asherman's syndrome)". Fertil. Steril. 30 (4): 379-87. PMID 568569. "Amenorrhea: Causes". ... It may cause a total absence of periods (also called amenorrhea). Blood Tests: Most of the common cause of decreased flow of ... One cause of hypomenorrhea is Asherman's syndrome (intrauterine adhesions), of which hypomenorrhea (or amenorrhea) may be the ...
... is used in gynecology for the treatment of infertility caused by anditex, amenorrhea and uterine malformation. In ... Amenorrhea, uterine malformation; Dysfunction; Infertility primary and secondary; Menopausal syndrome; Pelvic peritoneal ...
"Santonin In Amenorrhea". The Lancet. 2 (3236): 430-431. 5 September 1885. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)28119-2. "Mesmerism At ...
Adolescents with sex cord-stromal tumors may experience amenorrhea. As the cancer becomes more advanced, it can cause an ... and secondary amenorrhea. The mass of the tumor can cause other symptoms, including abdominal pain and distension, or symptoms ...
"Amenorrhea: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology". 2017-12-06. Coran AG, Caldamone A, Adzick NS, Krummel TM, Laberge JM, ... González-Zárate AC, Velásquez-Mamani J (September 2014). "[Primary amenorrhea by transverse vaginal septum: a case report and ...
Many women also report amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea after delivery. In some cases, a woman with Sheehan syndrome might be ... First Aid for the Obstetrics and Gynecology Clerkship, p. 226, PITUITARY (HYPOESTROGENIC AMENORRHEA) Schrager S, Sabo L (2001 ... Gonadotropin deficiency will often cause amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, hot flashes, or decreased libido. Growth hormone ...
... most notably that of the amenorrhea criterion being removed.[7][79] Amenorrhea was removed for several reasons: it does not ... Amenorrhea, a symptom that occurs after prolonged weight loss; causes menstruation to stop, hair becomes brittle, and skin ...
Another common problem is amenorrhea. Persistent break through bleeding and amenorrhea commonly reflect an atrophic, or thin ...
Females will have primary amenorrhea. Individuals of both sexes will be tall, as lack of estrogen does not bring the epiphyseal ...
Some women also experience amenorrhea. For some women, prolonged bleeding will decline after the first three months of use. ...
CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Van der Wijden, C; Manion, C (12 October 2015). "Lactational amenorrhoea method for ... Six uncontrolled studies of lactational amenorrhea method users found failure rates at 6 months postpartum between 0% and 7.5 ... Van der Wijden, Carla; Brown, Julie; Kleijnen, Jos (October 8, 2008). "Lactational amenorrhea for family planning". Cochrane ... and the lactational amenorrhea method (LAM), if used strictly, can also have first-year (or for LAM, first-6-month) failure ...
Amenorrhea There is a movement among gynecologists to discard the terms noted above, which although they are widely used, do ... A lack of periods, known as amenorrhea, is when periods do not occur by age 15 or have not occurred in 90 days.[2] Other ... During pregnancy and for some time after childbirth, menstruation does not occur; this state is known as amenorrhoea. If ... Kippley SK, Kippley JF (November-December 1972). "The relation between breastfeeding and amenorrhea". Journal of Obstetric, ...
Amenorrhea and sexual dysfunction. *Reduced body temperature. *Altered amino acid levels. *Bone disease due to phosphate ...
Consider treatment for women with amenorrhea. In addition, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scanning should be considered to ... in a population of women with adult-onset amenorrhea, and 17% among women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Fortunately, the ...
A lack of periods, known as amenorrhea, is when periods do not occur by age 15 or have not occurred in 90 days. Other problems ... During pregnancy and for some time after childbirth, menstruation does not occur; this state is known as amenorrhoea. If ... The average length of postpartum amenorrhoea is longer when certain breastfeeding practices are followed; this may be done ... The production of prolactin in response to suckling is important to maintaining lactational amenorrhea. On average, women who ...
Amenorrhea refers to more than three to six months without menses (while not being pregnant) during a woman's reproductive ... The production of prolactin in response to suckling is important to maintaining lactational amenorrhea. On average, women who ... which cites: Kippley SK, Kippley JF (November-December 1972). "The relation between breastfeeding and amenorrhea". Journal of ... "Prolactin response to suckling and maintenance of postpartum amenorrhea among intensively breastfeeding Nepali women". Endocr. ...
304-. ISBN 978-0-12-397769-4. Nanette F. Santoro; Genevieve Neal-Perry (11 September 2010). Amenorrhea: A Case-Based, Clinical ...
Amenorrhea, defined as the cessation of a woman's menstrual cycle for more than three months, is the second disorder in the ... There are two types of amenorrhea. A woman who has been having her period and then stops menstruating for ninety days or more ... Primary amenorrhea is characterized by delayed menarche (the onset of menses during puberty). Delayed menarche may be ... Female athlete triad is a syndrome in which eating disorders (or low energy availability), amenorrhoea/oligomenorrhoea, and ...
In females, amenorrhea is commonly observed. Conditions with very low LH secretions include: Pasqualini syndrome Kallmann ...
Chapter on Amenorrhea in: Bradshaw, Karen D.; Schorge, John O.; Schaffer, Joseph; Lisa M. Halvorson; Hoffman, Barbara G. (2008 ... Turner syndrome is characterized by primary amenorrhoea, premature ovarian failure, streak gonads and infertility. However, ... Amenorrhoea, the absence of a menstrual period Increased weight, obesity Shortened metacarpal IV Small fingernails ... Turner syndrome is a cause of primary amenorrhea, premature ovarian failure (hypergonadotropic hypogonadism), streak gonads and ...
Such hormonal changes may manifest as amenorrhea and infertility in females as well as impotence in males. Inappropriate ... "Etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of secondary amenorrhea". Retrieved 7 November 2013. Sabharwal P, Glaser R, Lafuse W, Varma ... amenorrhoea, unexpected lactation and loss of libido in women and erectile dysfunction and loss of libido in men. ...
If a woman has not had a menstrual period by the time she turns 16, she has primary amenorrhea. One of the most common causes ... Diseases or tumors of the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus are one cause of hypothalamic amenorrhea. The hypothalamus is an ... But if a woman who has been having menstrual periods stops having them for 3 months or more, she has secondary amenorrhea. ... Young female athletes, especially those who engage in sports that demand sleek bodies, can develop hypothalamic amenorrhea as a ...
Amenorrhea can be classified as primary Amenorrhea and secondary Amenorrhea.. The first classification of Amenorrhea, that is, ... Amenorrhea, or amenorrhoea is one of the prime causes of infertility among women. It is a type of menstrual condition when ... Secondary Amenorrhea is a condition, when menstruation stops suddenly or becomes irregular. Amenorrhea is just a sign and it is ... You will be surprised to know that eating disorder is also one of the prime causes of Amenorrhea. When people suffer from ...
N2 - Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hyperprolactinaemia are both common causes of secondary amenorrhoea in reproductive ... AB - Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hyperprolactinaemia are both common causes of secondary amenorrhoea in reproductive ... Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hyperprolactinaemia are both common causes of secondary amenorrhoea in reproductive women ... abstract = "Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hyperprolactinaemia are both common causes of secondary amenorrhoea in ...
The syndrome is a chronic disorder characterized by oligo/amenorrhea and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism before age 40 years. ... The syndrome is a chronic disorder characterized by oligo/amenorrhea and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism before age 40 years. ... The syndrome is a chronic disorder characterized by oligo/amenorrhea and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism before age 40 years. ... The syndrome is a chronic disorder characterized by oligo/amenorrhea and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism before age 40 years. ...
Furthermore the amenorrhea criterion is not useful for important sub-groups of individuals with the disorder, such as women ... D) In postmenarcheal females, amenorrhea, i.e., the absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles (A woman is ... Attia, E., & Roberto, C. (2009). Should amenorrhea be a diagnostic criterion for anorexia nervosa? International Journal of ... These hormonal changes often result in decreased libido, amenorrhea among females, and decreased bone density, eventually ...
In a woman with primary amenorrhea and absent thelarche and pubarche, Silveira et al. The patient had no spontaneous ... They both had primary amenorrhea and normal breast development, but the er teen had retarded bone maturation and uterus ... After each pregnancy, she had persistent amenorrhea, and oral contraceptive treatment was resumed. ...
The most common sign of premature ovarian failure is irregular or skipped periods (amenorrhea). Sometimes women with premature ...
The lactational amenorrhea method does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including human ... Women with conditions that make pregnancy an unacceptable risk should be advised that the lactational amenorrhea method might ... Labbok M, Cooney K, Coly S. Guidelines: breastfeeding, family planning, and the Lactational Amenorrhea Method-LAM. Washington, ... and the method was then given the name the lactational amenorrhea method (1,2). These guidelines include the following three ...
Find out about the causes of amenorrhea, when to see a doctor, and what treatment is available ... Amenorrhea is the absence of a menstruation during the reproductive years. ... There are two types of amenorrhea: primary and secondary.. Primary amenorrhea. Share on Pinterest. Amenorrhea refers to a lack ... Secondary amenorrhea. Share on Pinterest. Reasons for amenorrhea include pregnancy, changes in weight and exercise, medication ...
Amenorrhea is also seen in pure 46, XX gonadal dysgenesis and in 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis. These women have significantly ... encoded search term (Which genetic syndromes cause amenorrhea?) and Which genetic syndromes cause amenorrhea? What to Read Next ... Role of persistent amenorrhea in bone mineral metabolism of young hemodialyzed women. Kidney Int. 2000 Jul. 58(1):331-5. [ ... Which genetic syndromes cause amenorrhea?. Updated: Oct 14, 2019 * Author: Kristi A Tough DeSapri, MD; Chief Editor: Richard ...
Primary amenorrhea is the delay or failure to start menstruating upon reaching the age of 16, while secondary amenorrhea ... Amenorrhea, failure to menstruate. Menstruation is the normal cyclic bleeding from the uterus in the female reproductive tract ... Alternative Title: amenorrhoea. Amenorrhea, also spelled amenorrhoea, failure to menstruate. Menstruation is the normal cyclic ... Primary amenorrhea is the delay or failure to start menstruating upon reaching the age of 16, while secondary amenorrhea is the ...
Amenorrhea is a normal feature in prepubertal, pregnant, and postmenopausal females. ... encoded search term (Amenorrhea) and Amenorrhea What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Hypogonadism ... Because only 3 diagnoses are unique to primary amenorrhea and never cause secondary amenorrhea, differentiating primary from ... of primary amenorrhea cases and is second to Turner syndrome as the most common cause of primary amenorrhea. ...
Both of these categorizations of types of amenorrhea are discussed in more detail below. ... There are two main ways to classify amenorrhea, one is by the cause and the other is by the function. The cause can be either ... Primary amenorrhea involves the absence of menarche in a woman aged 16 years. The menarche is the first menstrual cycle or the ... There are two main ways to classify amenorrhea, one is by the cause and the other is by the function. The cause can be either ...
Disability Onlines amenorrhoea page Disability Onlines athletic amenorrhoea page Amenorrhea. ... Amenorrhoea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age. Physiological states of amenorrhoea are seen, ... Amenorrhoea is a symptom with many potential causes. Primary amenorrhoea (menstrual cycles never starting) may be caused by ... Causes of secondary amenorrhea can also result in primary amenorrhea, especially if present before onset of menarche. Primary ...
There are two types of amenorrhea:. Primary amenorrhea. This is when a young woman has not had her first period by the age of ... Many things could cause amenorrhea.. Possible causes of primary amenorrhea (when a woman never gets her first period) include: ... Secondary amenorrhea. This is when a woman who has had normal menstrual cycles stops getting her monthly period for 3 or more ... If you have amenorrhea, you never get your period. Although its not a disease, you should tell your doctor about it, because ...
... may lead to amenorrhea and associated bone loss. In extreme cases, the process may advance to anorexia nervosa, a poten... more ... Drugs & Diseases , Obstetrics & Gynecology , Amenorrhea Q&A What dieting restrictions can cause amenorrhea?. Updated: Oct 14, ... encoded search term (What dieting restrictions can cause amenorrhea?) and What dieting restrictions can cause amenorrhea? What ... Role of persistent amenorrhea in bone mineral metabolism of young hemodialyzed women. Kidney Int. 2000 Jul. 58(1):331-5. [ ...
Treatment of amenorrhea may range from hormonal supplementation for developmental abnormalities of the reproductive system to ... Primary amenorrhea is the absence of the menstrual period by the age of 16. ... Primary amenorrhea is the absence of the menstrual period by the age of 16. Treatment of amenorrhea may range from hormonal ...
Secondary amenorrhea is the cessation of menstrual flow for a period of 6 months or more in the absence of pregnancy, ... Secondary amenorrhea is the cessation of menstrual flow for a period of 6 months or more in the absence of pregnancy, ... Extreme weight gain or loss, certain medications, as well as anxiety can be the root cause of amenorrhea. Treatment can range ...
Amenorrhea is a normal feature in prepubertal, pregnant, and postmenopausal females. ... encoded search term (Amenorrhea) and Amenorrhea What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Hypogonadism ... Amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual bleeding. [1] Amenorrhea is a normal feature in prepubertal, pregnant, and ... Amenorrhea after puberty can be divided into 2 groups: (1) amenorrhea without evidence of associated androgen excess and (2) ...
Emans S. J. Amenorrhea in the Adolescent. In: Emans SJ, Laufer MR, Goldstein DP, Eds. Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. 5th ... Gamboa S. Clinical inquiries: Whats the best way to manage athletes with amenorrhea? J Fam Prac 2008;57:749-50.Google Scholar ... Gordon C. Amenorrhea. In: Neinstein LS, Ed. Adolescent Health Care. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002, pp. ... Corrado S. (2011) Menstrual Irregularities: Amenorrhea. In: Goldstein M. (eds) The MassGeneral Hospital for Children Adolescent ...
... occurs when a female doesnt get her period or misses multiple periods. Learn more from the experts at ... What are the different types of Adolescent Amenorrhea?. There are two types of amenorrhea:. Primary amenorrhea. Primary ... How is Adolescent Amenorrhea treated?. You daughters treatment will depend on the cause of the amenorrhea, but may include:. * ... How is Adolescent Amenorrhea diagnosed?. Diagnosing Amenorrhea starts with taking a good history and performing a thorough ...
Lactational Amenorrhea Method, which cites: Zinaman M, Hughes V, Queenan J, Labbok M, Albertson B (1992). "Acute prolactin and ... Lactational amenorrhea is the temporary postnatal infertility that occurs when a woman is amenorrheic (not menstruating) and ... McNeilly, As (Feb 1994). "Physiological mechanisms underlying lactational amenorrhea". Ann N Y Acad Sci. 709: 145-155. doi: ... lactational amenorrhea method (LAM) may be considered natural family planning by the Roman Catholic Church. Breastfeeding ...
Considering taking a vitamin or supplement to treat Amenorrhea? Below is a list of common natural remedies used to treat or ... reduce the symptoms of Amenorrhea. Follow the links to read common uses, side effects, dosage details and read user reviews for ...
Learn about the various causes and treatments for primary and secondary amenorrhea. ... Amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation or a monthly period. ... There are two types of amenorrhea. Primary amenorrhea is when ... For secondary amenorrhea, the doctor will begin with a pregnancy test. If this is negative, then they will do an exam and ... Treatment options for amenorrhea vary based on the cause. You may need to make lifestyle changes, such as diet, activity, and ...
The association between the risk reduction and breastfeeding, the authors say, may be mediated at least in part by amenorrhea ...
  • Thyroid disorders, hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, are responsible for Amenorrhea, as they secrete too low or too high amounts of thyroid in the blood stream, which is unfavorable for reproduction.When a woman is overweight or obese, the fat cells interfere in the ovulation process, thus giving rise to the condition of Amenorrhea. (pregnancyweeks.org)
  • Amenorrhea is curable with various kinds of treatments, such as oral contraceptives, dietary modifications and progesterone supplements, which you can resort to, only on the advice of your medical practitioner. (pregnancyweeks.org)
  • Two intermittent 3-months treatment courses of ulipristal acetate 10 mg resulted in amenorrhea at the end of the first treatment course in 79.5%, at the end of the second course in 88.5% of subjects. (mdwiki.org)
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