Amenorrhea: Absence of menstruation.Hypothalamic Diseases: Neoplastic, inflammatory, infectious, and other diseases of the hypothalamus. Clinical manifestations include appetite disorders; AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; SLEEP DISORDERS; behavioral symptoms related to dysfunction of the LIMBIC SYSTEM; and neuroendocrine disorders.Oligomenorrhea: Abnormally infrequent menstruation.Menstruation: The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.Galactorrhea: Excessive or inappropriate LACTATION in females or males, and not necessarily related to PREGNANCY. Galactorrhea can occur either unilaterally or bilaterally, and be profuse or sparse. Its most common cause is HYPERPROLACTINEMIA.Primary Ovarian Insufficiency: Cessation of ovarian function after MENARCHE but before the age of 40, without or with OVARIAN FOLLICLE depletion. It is characterized by the presence of OLIGOMENORRHEA or AMENORRHEA, elevated GONADOTROPINS, and low ESTRADIOL levels. It is a state of female HYPERGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM. Etiologies include genetic defects, autoimmune processes, chemotherapy, radiation, and infections.Menstruation Disturbances: Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.Hyperprolactinemia: Increased levels of PROLACTIN in the BLOOD, which may be associated with AMENORRHEA and GALACTORRHEA. Relatively common etiologies include PROLACTINOMA, medication effect, KIDNEY FAILURE, granulomatous diseases of the PITUITARY GLAND, and disorders which interfere with the hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release. Ectopic (non-pituitary) production of prolactin may also occur. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch36, pp77-8)Gonadal Dysgenesis, 46,XY: Defects in the SEX DETERMINATION PROCESS in 46, XY individuals that result in abnormal gonadal development and deficiencies in TESTOSTERONE and subsequently ANTIMULLERIAN HORMONE or other factors required for normal male sex development. This leads to the development of female phenotypes (male to female sex reversal), normal to tall stature, and bilateral streak or dysgenic gonads which are susceptible to GONADAL TISSUE NEOPLASMS. An XY gonadal dysgenesis is associated with structural abnormalities on the Y CHROMOSOME, a mutation in the GENE, SRY, or a mutation in other autosomal genes that are involved in sex determination.Anovulation: Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.Menstrual Cycle: The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Menorrhagia: Excessive uterine bleeding during MENSTRUATION.Follicle Stimulating Hormone: A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Ovarian Function Tests: Methods used for assessment of ovarian function.Cerebral Aqueduct: Narrow channel in the MESENCEPHALON that connects the third and fourth CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.Anorexia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)TokyoAcneiform Eruptions: Visible efflorescent lesions of the skin caused by acne or resembling acne. (Dorland, 28th ed, p18, 575)Hypogonadism: Condition resulting from deficient gonadal functions, such as GAMETOGENESIS and the production of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES. It is characterized by delay in GROWTH, germ cell maturation, and development of secondary sex characteristics. Hypogonadism can be due to a deficiency of GONADOTROPINS (hypogonadotropic hypogonadism) or due to primary gonadal failure (hypergonadotropic hypogonadism).Endometrial Ablation Techniques: Procedures used for the targeted destruction of the mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity.Empty Sella Syndrome: A condition when the SELLA TURCICA is not filled with pituitary tissue. The pituitary gland is either compressed, atrophied, or removed. There are two types: (1) primary empty sella is due a defect in the sella diaphragm leading to arachnoid herniation into the sellar space; (2) secondary empty sella is associated with the removal or treatment of PITUITARY NEOPLASMS.Menopause, Premature: The premature cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) when the last menstrual period occurs in a woman under the age of 40. It is due to the depletion of OVARIAN FOLLICLES. Premature MENOPAUSE can be caused by diseases; OVARIECTOMY; RADIATION; chemicals; and chromosomal abnormalities.Postpartum Period: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).Norpregnadienes: Pregnadienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.Virilism: Development of male secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS in the FEMALE. It is due to the effects of androgenic metabolites of precursors from endogenous or exogenous sources, such as ADRENAL GLANDS or therapeutic drugs.Bulimia: Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".46, XX Disorders of Sex Development: Congenital conditions in individuals with a female karyotype, in which the development of the gonadal or anatomical sex is atypical.Pituitary Diseases: Disorders involving either the ADENOHYPOPHYSIS or the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS. These diseases usually manifest as hypersecretion or hyposecretion of PITUITARY HORMONES. Neoplastic pituitary masses can also cause compression of the OPTIC CHIASM and other adjacent structures.Luteinizing Hormone: A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Luteinizing hormone regulates steroid production by the interstitial cells of the TESTIS and the OVARY. The preovulatory LUTEINIZING HORMONE surge in females induces OVULATION, and subsequent LUTEINIZATION of the follicle. LUTEINIZING HORMONE consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.Sports: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.

The lipoprotein profile of women with hyperprolactinaemic amenorrhoea. (1/431)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the lipoprotein profile in women with hyperprolactinaemic amenorrhoea and to establish whether effective dopamine agonist therapy might have a beneficial effect. Blood samples were collected from women with hyperprolactinaemic amenorrhoea and from controls matched for age, body mass index and smoking. Follow-up blood samples were collected from women on dopamine agonist therapy as treatment for their hyperprolactinaemia. Plasma cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, very low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, serum oestradiol and prolactin were measured. No statistically significant differences were found in the lipoprotein profile of the patient (n = 15) and control (n = 15) groups. During treatment with the dopamine agonist, bromocriptine (n = 9), significant reduction in total cholesterol [4.87 (3.98-5.87) versus 5.60 (4.55-6.61) mmol/l, P = 0.024] and LDL cholesterol [3.22 (2.01-4.23) versus 3.72 (2.59-4.93) mmol/l, P = 0.033] was noted. We conclude that beneficial alterations in the lipoprotein profile may occur in response to effective dopamine agonist therapy, presumably as a consequence of return of ovarian function and alleviation of oestrogen deficiency. Women with hyperprolactinaemic amenorrhoea should be encouraged to take effective therapy to improve their lipoprotein profile and potentially reduce their cardiovascular risk.  (+info)

Evaluation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in amenorrhoeic women with insulin-dependent diabetes. (2/431)

Diabetes is associated with a higher incidence of secondary hypogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. In amenorrhoeic women with insulin-dependent diabetes a derangement in hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary axis has been proposed. No data exist on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function in these women. Gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH), corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH), metoclopramide and thyroid releasing hormone (TRH) tests were performed in 15 diabetic women, eight amenorrhoeic (AD) and seven eumenorrhoeic (ED). Frequent blood samples were taken during 24 h to evaluate cortisol plasma concentrations. There were no differences between the groups in body mass index, duration of diabetes, insulin dose and metabolic control. The AD women had lower plasma concentrations of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), prolactin, oestradiol, androstenedione and 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) than the ED women. The responses of pituitary gonadotrophins to GnRH, and of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) to TRH, were similar in both groups. The AD women had a lower prolactin response to TRH and metoclopramide, and lower ACTH and cortisol responses to CRH, than the ED women. Mean cortisol concentrations > 24 h were higher in the amenorrhoeic group. Significant differences in cortisol concentrations from 2400 to 1000 h were found between the two groups. Insulin-dependent diabetes may involve mild chronic hypercortisolism which may affect metabolic control. Stress-induced activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis would increase hypothalamic secretion of CRH. This would lead directly and perhaps also indirectly by increasing dopaminergic tonus to inhibition of GnRH secretion and hence hypogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. Amenorrhoea associated with metabolically controlled insulin-dependent diabetes is a form of functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea that requires pharmacological and psychological management.  (+info)

Histopathological findings of the ovaries in anovulatory women. (3/431)

Wedge resection of the ovary was carried out in 45 anovulatory women to study the correlation between the degree of disturbance of ovulation and the histopathological findings. Polycystic ovary was always found in patients with anovulatory cycles. The ovaries in grade 1 amenorrhea showing withdrawal bleeding in response to gestagen alone belonged to the nonspecific type, polycystic type and sclerotic type. These histological changes were relatively mild in many cases. The ovaries in grade 2 amenorrhea showing withdrawal bleeding in response to estrogen and gestagen but not to gestagen alone belonged to the non-specific type, polycystic type, sclerotic type, atrophic type and streak type. Even within the same histological entity, the histological findings of the ovaries were more pronounced in grade 2 amenorrhea than in grade 1 amenorrhea. The patients with primary amenorrhea had only hypoplastic and aplastic ovaries with marked histological abnormalities.  (+info)

Anti-nuclear antibodies in patients with premature ovarian failure. (4/431)

We examined the prevalence of anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) in 32 consecutive patients with premature ovarian failure with and without chromosomal abnormalities. Blood samples were taken for karyotype determination as well as detection of autoantibodies, X-terminal microdeletions and spontaneous follicular growth. The correlation between ANA positivity and the age at onset of amenorrhoea, as well as the presence of karyotype abnormalities, X-terminal microdeletions and follicular growth was determined. Ten of the 24 patients with normal karyotype and none of the 8 patients with karyotype abnormalities were ANA positive. ANA were found more frequently in patients with premature ovarian failure with normal karyotypes than in control amenorrhoeic patients (42 versus 6, P < 0.01). ANA were found in 77% (10/13) of premature ovarian failure patients with normal karyotypes who developed amenorrhoea at or under the age of 30 years, but not in the patients who developed amenorrhoea later in life. Follicular growth was evident in 50% (5/10) of karyotypically normal patients with ANA, 71% (10/14) of karyotypically normal patients without ANA and 38% (3/8) of patients with karyotype abnormalities. X-terminal microdeletions were not found in any of the patients studied. These results suggest that patients with premature ovarian failure and ANA are an aetiologically and clinically distinct group.  (+info)

Large empty sella with an intrasellar herniation of an elongated third ventricle. Case report. (5/431)

A 73-year-old female presented with a large empty sella with herniation of an elongated third ventricle concomitant with herniation of the surrounding subarachnoid space into the sella, manifesting as visual impairment and amenorrhea without galactorrhea. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography cisternography clearly showed the large empty sella, without evidence of either hydrocephalus or benign intracranial hypertension, which is extremely rare.  (+info)

Variation of luteinizing hormone and androgens in oligomenorrhoea and its implications for the study of polycystic ovary syndrome. (6/431)

We measured luteinizing hormone (LH) and androgen concentrations in patients at different phases of the oligomenorrhoeic cycle and compared the results with those of patients with normogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. Several blood samples separated by >/=7 days were obtained from each of 72 patients with oligomenorrhoea and 18 with normogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. The oligomenorrhoeic cycle was divided into five phases: the postmenstrual phase week 1 (day 1-7) and week 2 (day 8-14), the specific oligomenorrhoeic phase (SOP, day 15 after a menstruation to day 21 before the next menstruation), the possibly peri-ovulatory phase (days 21-11 before menstruation) and the premenstrual phase (days 10-1 before menstruation). Samples obtained in the possibly peri-ovulatory phase were excluded. Within individuals LH concentrations were significantly higher during the SOP than during all other phases of the oligomenorrhoeic cycle (paired t-test, P = 0.0001-0.03). In contrast to the other phases of the oligomenorrhoeic cycle, no significant differences in gonadotrophins, androgen or oestradiol concentrations were found between the SOP and normogonadotrophic amenorrhoea. In oligomenorrhoea timing of blood sampling influences the measurement of LH and androgen concentrations, and the accurate interpretation of these measurements requires that the dates of menstruation both before and after the sample is taken should be known. In patients with oligomenorrhoea blood samples should be obtained during the SOP, when the endocrinology is comparable with that of normogonadotrophic amenorrhoea.  (+info)

Long-term treatment with bromocriptine of a plurihormonal pituitary adenoma secreting thyrotropin, growth hormone and prolactin. (7/431)

A 48-year-old female presented with acromegaly, amenorrhea and hyperthyroidism associated with high serum free T4 levels and measurable TSH concentrations. The administration of GHRH induced significant increases in GH, PRL and TSH. Conversely, intravenous infusion of dopamine or oral administration of bromocriptine effectively inhibited GH, PRL and TSH secretion. Serum alpha-subunit levels were neither affected by GHRH, dopamine nor bromocriptine. Transsphenoidal surgery was performed and immunostaining of the tissue showed that the adenoma cells were positive for GH, PRL or TSH. The patient was treated with bromocriptine at a daily oral dose of 10 mg after surgery. Serum TSH were initially suppressed but returned within reference intervals with persistent normalized free T4 levels. Serum PRL became undetectable and GH levels were stable around 6 ng/ml except the periods of poor drug compliance, when serum TSH, GH and PRL levels rose considerably. The patient was followed-up for 10 years without any change in the residual adenoma tissues as detected by magnetic resonance imaging. These findings suggest that long-term bromocriptine therapy is effective in treating the hypersecretory state of a plurihormonal adenoma secreting TSH, GH and PRL.  (+info)

Variability of breast sucking, associated milk transfer and the duration of lactational amenorrhoea. (8/431)

Quantitative relationships between physical parameters of sucking, milk transfer and the duration of amenorrhoea were examined in normal mother-baby pairs under exclusive breastfeeding. Sucking pressures were recorded twice on the second and once on the fifth month after birth, during complete breastfeeding episodes, by means of a catheter attached to the nipple and connected to a pressure transducer, the signals of which were analysed by computer. Babies were weighed before and after each sucking episode to estimate milk transfer. In the first nursing episode after noon, 2-month-old babies sucked from 140 to > 800 times during 4-15 min from the first breast, obtaining from 20 to > 100 g milk. The physical parameters of sucking and milk transfer exhibited high inter-individual but low intra-individual variabilities. There were significant differences in the physical parameters of sucking and milk transfer efficiency between first and second breast and between the second and fifth months after birth. Milk transfer efficiency was inversely correlated with time occupied by non-sucking pauses > or = 1.5 s, and was directly correlated with mean intersuck intervals in the first breast and with duration of the sucking episode, number of sucks, mean pressure and area under the pressure curve in the second breast. There was no correlation between the physical parameters of sucking and duration of lactational amenorrhoea (n = 62). However, significantly more mothers had amenorrhoea lasting > 180 days among those whose babies spent a longer proportion of the nursing episode in non-sucking pauses > or = 1.5 s. This finding indicates that sensory stimulation of the nipple produced during a nursing episode by stimuli other than sucking itself may have an important role in sustaining lactational amenorrhoea. It is concluded that nursing episodes have a complex structure that allows the development of a breastfeeding phenotype in each mother-baby pair, exhibiting important inter-individual variability. The present analysis does not support the contention that this source of variability accounts for the variability in the duration of lactational amenorrhoea.  (+info)

*Galactorrhea hyperprolactinemia

Consider treatment for women with amenorrhea. In addition, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scanning should be considered to ... in a population of women with adult-onset amenorrhea, and 17% among women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Fortunately, the ...

*Mammoplasia

"A new logical insight and putative mechanism behind fluoxetine-induced amenorrhea, hyperprolactinemia and galactorrhea in a ...

*Endometrial ablation

In the HTA Randomized Controlled Trial for FDA approval, the Success Rate was 68% (normal or less bleeding) and Amenorrhea Rate ... and the Amenorrhea Rates range from a high of 72% to a low of 22%. A number of treatment options are available. They all work ... Amenorrhea Rate = the % of women that have their bleeding completely eliminated. According to the results of the Randomized ... and Amenorrhea Rate was 36% (bleeding completely eliminated). In addition, 92% of the Novasure patients were Satisfied. The ...

*Premature ovarian failure

A commonly cited triad for the diagnosis is amenorrhea, hypergonadotropism, and hypoestrogenism. If it has a genetic cause, it ... low estrogen levels amenorrhea. They named the condition "primary ovarian insufficiency" to distinguish the condition from ...

*Hyperprolactinaemia

... which refers to the association of galactorrhoea and amenorrhoea. It is also sometimes called Amenorrhoea-Galactorrhoea ... In some women, menstruation may disappear altogether (amenorrhoea). In others, menstruation may become irregular or menstrual ... Chiari-Frommel syndrome, which refers to extended postpartum galactorrhoea and amenorrhoea. Forbes-Albright syndrome, which ... "A comparison of cabergoline and bromocriptine in the treatment of hyperprolactinemic amenorrhea. Cabergoline Comparative Study ...

*Amenorrhea

Disability Online's amenorrhoea page Disability Online's athletic amenorrhoea page Amenorrhea. ... Amenorrhoea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age. Physiological states of amenorrhoea are seen, ... Amenorrhoea is a symptom with many potential causes. Primary amenorrhoea (menstrual cycles never starting) may be caused by ... Causes of secondary amenorrhea can also result in primary amenorrhea, especially if present before onset of menarche. Primary ...

*Lactational amenorrhea

... Method, which cites: Zinaman M, Hughes V, Queenan J, Labbok M, Albertson B (1992). "Acute prolactin and ... Lactational amenorrhea is the temporary postnatal infertility that occurs when a woman is amenorrheic (not menstruating) and ... McNeilly, As (Feb 1994). "Physiological mechanisms underlying lactational amenorrhea". Ann N Y Acad Sci. 709: 145-155. doi: ... lactational amenorrhea method (LAM) may be considered natural family planning by the Roman Catholic Church. Breastfeeding ...

*Exercise amenorrhoea

... is a diagnosis of exclusion. Girls who exercise at a young age may have primary amenorrhoea. The ... Exercise amenorrhoea can be managed by eating a diet rich in calories and by decreasing the duration and intensity of exercise ... Exercise induced amenorrhoea occurs in 5-25% of athletes and 1.8% of the general population. The incidence is higher in ... Amenorrhea usually persists and may take over 6 months to reverse . Warren, Michelle P. (1 June 1999). "Health Issues for Women ...

*DMOZ - Health: Women's Health: Menstruation: Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea is the absence of periods in matured woman, who is neither pregnant nor past menopause. It comes in two types, ... Yahoo Groups: Amenorrhea A support and help group for women who don't have a monthly menses or women who have irregular periods ... Amenorrhea is the absence of periods in matured woman, who is neither pregnant nor past menopause. It comes in two types, ...

*DMOZ - Health: Women's Health: Menstruation: Amenorrhea: MRKH

This category is for sites related to Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome, a birth defect wherein a woman is born without a uterus and vagina.

*Hypomenorrhea

"Traumatic hypomenorrhea-amenorrhea (Asherman's syndrome)". Fertil. Steril. 30 (4): 379-87. PMID 568569. "Amenorrhea: Causes". ... It may cause a total absence of periods (also called amenorrhea). Blood Tests: Most of the common cause of decreased flow of ... One cause of hypomenorrhea is Asherman's syndrome (intrauterine adhesions), of which hypomenorrhea (or amenorrhea) may be the ...

*Naftalan oil

... is used in gynecology for the treatment of infertility caused by anditex, amenorrhea and uterine malformation. In ... Amenorrhea, uterine malformation; Dysfunction; Infertility primary and secondary; Menopausal syndrome; Pelvic peritoneal ...

*Walter Whitehead

"Santonin In Amenorrhea". The Lancet. 2 (3236): 430-431. 5 September 1885. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)28119-2. "Mesmerism At ...

*Ovarian cancer

Adolescents with sex cord-stromal tumors may experience amenorrhea. As the cancer becomes more advanced, it can cause an ... and secondary amenorrhea. The mass of the tumor can cause other symptoms, including abdominal pain and distension, or symptoms ...

*List of vaginal anomalies

"Amenorrhea: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology". 2017-12-06. Coran AG, Caldamone A, Adzick NS, Krummel TM, Laberge JM, ... González-Zárate AC, Velásquez-Mamani J (September 2014). "[Primary amenorrhea by transverse vaginal septum: a case report and ...

*Breakthrough bleeding

Another common problem is amenorrhea. Persistent break through bleeding and amenorrhea commonly reflect an atrophic, or thin ...

*Aromatase

Females will have primary amenorrhea. Individuals of both sexes will be tall, as lack of estrogen does not bring the epiphyseal ...

*Etonogestrel birth control implant

Some women also experience amenorrhea. For some women, prolonged bleeding will decline after the first three months of use. ...

*Birth control

CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Van der Wijden, C; Manion, C (12 October 2015). "Lactational amenorrhoea method for ... Six uncontrolled studies of lactational amenorrhea method users found failure rates at 6 months postpartum between 0% and 7.5 ... Van der Wijden, Carla; Brown, Julie; Kleijnen, Jos (October 8, 2008). "Lactational amenorrhea for family planning". Cochrane ... and the lactational amenorrhea method (LAM), if used strictly, can also have first-year (or for LAM, first-6-month) failure ...

*Menstruation

A lack of periods, known as amenorrhea, is when periods do not occur by age 15 or have not occurred in 90 days. Other problems ... During pregnancy and for some time after childbirth, menstruation does not occur; this state is known as amenorrhoea. If ... The average length of postpartum amenorrhoea is longer when certain breastfeeding practices are followed; this may be done ... The production of prolactin in response to suckling is important to maintaining lactational amenorrhea. On average, women who ...

*Menstrual cycle

Amenorrhea refers to more than three to six months without menses (while not being pregnant) during a woman's reproductive ... The production of prolactin in response to suckling is important to maintaining lactational amenorrhea. On average, women who ... which cites: Kippley SK, Kippley JF (November-December 1972). "The relation between breastfeeding and amenorrhea". Journal of ... "Prolactin response to suckling and maintenance of postpartum amenorrhea among intensively breastfeeding Nepali women". Endocr. ...

*Progesterone

304-. ISBN 978-0-12-397769-4. Nanette F. Santoro; Genevieve Neal-Perry (11 September 2010). Amenorrhea: A Case-Based, Clinical ...

*Female athlete triad

Amenorrhea, defined as the cessation of a woman's menstrual cycle for more than three months, is the second disorder in the ... There are two types of amenorrhea. A woman who has been having her period and then stops menstruating for ninety days or more ... Primary amenorrhea is characterized by delayed menarche (the onset of menses during puberty). Delayed menarche may be ... Female athlete triad is a syndrome in which eating disorders (or low energy availability), amenorrhoea/oligomenorrhoea, and ...

*Luteinizing hormone

In females, amenorrhea is commonly observed. Conditions with very low LH secretions include: Pasqualini syndrome Kallmann ...

*Turner syndrome

Chapter on Amenorrhea in: Bradshaw, Karen D.; Schorge, John O.; Schaffer, Joseph; Lisa M. Halvorson; Hoffman, Barbara G. (2008 ... Turner syndrome is characterized by primary amenorrhoea, premature ovarian failure, streak gonads and infertility. However, ... Amenorrhoea, the absence of a menstrual period Increased weight, obesity Shortened metacarpal IV Small fingernails ... Turner syndrome is a cause of primary amenorrhea, premature ovarian failure (hypergonadotropic hypogonadism), streak gonads and ...
Hi in the past I was diagnosed with primary amenorrhea, after seeing a specialist he has now said it is hypothalamic amenorrhea. I guess my question is does anyone know of any natural treatments I can do to begin my periods. I am desperately eager to have a baby and I know that injectibles are an option for me, but I wanted to try a natural approach first. I was informed that through all my tests that everything appears normal, however I still do not have a cycle. Please help with any useful information.. Reply Follow This Thread Stop Following This Thread Flag this Discussion ...
Polycystic ovary syndrome can cause secondary amenorrhea, Even though the hyperlink among the two is not really very well recognized. Ovarian failure relevant to early onset menopause could potentially cause secondary amenorrhea, and Even though the ailment can usually be dealt with, It is far from usually reversible. Secondary amenorrhea is additionally due to pressure, Excessive weight reduction, or extreme workout. Younger athletes are notably susceptible, although standard menses normally return with nutritious overall body excess weight. Causes of secondary amenorrhea can also cause Main amenorrhea, particularly if present right before onset of menarche.[26][27 ...
Diagnosis of amenorrhea is actually finding out the cause of amenorrhea. Absence of menstrual period is amenorrhea, and there is no need of diagnosis of amenorrhea. Hence, what is important is to find out the cause of amenorrhea. In finding out cause of amenorrhea, physical examination is important. Your doctor ...
Objective: To determine whether basal Cortisol levels are elevated in exercise-associated amenorrhea.. Design: Survey, with hormone levels measured weekly for 1 month and patients followed clinically for 6 months.. Setting: Volunteers were recruited through media advertisements and fliers.. Participants: Ninety-two women were enrolled; 71 (77%) completed the study. Subjects were grouped by menstrual and activity histories reported by a self-administered questionnaire. After 6 months, final groups were assigned: amenorrhea athletes, 19; eumenorrheic athletes, 35; a transition group of amenorrheic athletes who had resumed menses after entering the study, 7; and normal cyclic nonathletes, 10.. Interventions: Four weekly resting blood samples (0800 to 1000 hours) were obtained and measured for Cortisol, estradiol, progesterone, and prolactin levels. Lumbar bone mineral density was measured by dual-photon densitometry.. Measurements and Main Results: Mean (±SE) Cortisol levels were higher in ...
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
Prolonged breast-feeding is an encouraged tradition in Egypt. Breastfeeding is associated with variable degrees of amenorrhea and infertility but there is a risk of resumption of fertility and therefore, of conception during lactation. A consensus statement formalized the lactational amenorrhea method of contraception (LAM), which has subsequently been included in the family planning programs in some developing countries. It has proved to be effective with cumulative pregnancy rates ranging from only 0.9% to 1.2%. However, if any of the prerequisites of LAM expire at any time, the contraceptive efficacy will be much reduced.. The expiry of LAM requirements can occur unexpectedly at a time the woman is not ready to visit a clinic to initiate another contraceptive. Pregnancy during breast-feeding may result in mistimed, unplanned and sometimes unwanted childbirth. A study done in Egypt has shown that one in 4 of pregnancies during lactation were unplanned Such pregnancies, in addition to their ...
Amenorrhea is a sign of a potentially serious problem for athletes, now and for their future health. The hormonal imbalance causing menstrual dysfunction can adversely affect sports performance. But the long term risks of such hormonal imbalance include infertility, osteoporosis, sexual and adrenal dysfunction.. Overtraining and its associated lifestyle factors, especially diet, contributes to amenorrhea and has been termed the overtraining syndrome. Endurance athletes, those focused on aesthetics, and those involved with high-intensity training and competition are at greatest risk.. In the study cited above, 60% of the group had diets deficient in calories and nutrients, especially protein, healthy fats, and calcium. This is frequently accompanied by excessively low body weight and body fat. Femoral fat stores - those around the hips, buttocks, and thighs are important for female health. While some amenorrheic athletes consume an energy-deficient diet, others consume the same total calories as ...
A study led by sports medicine researcher Anne Hoch, D.O. at The Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee has found that oral folic acid may provide a safe and inexpensive treatment to improve vascular function in young female runners who are amenorrheic (not menstruating). The study is published in the May 2010 issue of Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.. While the benefits for women leading an active lifestyle, including running, are profound and well-known, there are serious exercise-associated health risks. Young female athletes who do not eat enough to offset the energy they expend exercising can stop menstruating or develop irregular menses as a consequence. Their resulting estrogen profile is similar to that of postmenopausal women who have low estrogen levels placing the young women at higher risk for early onset heart disease.. There are nearly three million girls in high school sports and approximately 23 million women who run at least six times a week. The prevalence of ...
After excluding women with hysterectomies before cancer diagnosis, 1,043 women were eligible for analysis. Amenorrhea occurred in 31.6% of women. Among women treated with chemotherapy (n = 596), older age at diagnosis (30-35 vs. 20-24 years: adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2.37; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.30, 4.30) and nulligravidity (vs. gravid: aOR = 1.50; 95% CI, 1.02, 2.21) were risk factors for amenorrhea. Among amenorrheic women, menses resumed in most (70.0%), and resumption occurred within 2 years of treatment for 90.0% of women. Survivors of breast cancer were more likely to resume menses at times greater than 1 year compared with lymphoma and pelvic-area cancers. Women diagnosed at older ages, those exposed to chemotherapy, and those exposed to any radiation experienced longer times to return of menses. Women who were older at diagnosis were more likely to have irregular cycles when menses returned.. Conclusion(s): ...
Womens health - Primary Amenorrhea Support Group - Amenorrhea is a menstrual disorder in women indicating absence of menses. Menstruation signals womanhood, the gift of procreation, re-creation, and regeneration.
Fehring, R. J., Hanson, L. and Stanford, J. B. (2001), NURSE-MIDWIVES KNOWLEDGE AND PROMOTION OF LACTATIONAL AMENORRHEA AND OTHER NATURAL FAMILY-PLANNING METHODS FOR CHILD SPACING. Journal of Midwifery & Women s Health, 46: 68-73. doi: 10.1016/S1526-9523(01)00094-0 ...
Title: Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM) of Family Planning Author: bdeller Last modified by: adminime Created Date: 12/28/2007 2:41:26 PM Document presentation format – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 72ba97-NWYxZ
The freeMD virtual doctor has found 4 conditions that can cause Amenorrhea and Mood Swings. There is 1 common condition that can cause Amenorrhea and Mood Swings. There are 2 somewhat common conditions that can cause Amenorrhea and Mood Swings. There is 1 rare condition that can cause Amenorrhea and Mood Swings.
We report a 14-year-old girl with primary amenorrhea and virilization. The chromosomal analysis showed a normal 46,XX female karyotype and the hormonal assays disclosed high serum levels of testostero
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Clinical record. A 22-year-old Taiwanese woman on a working holiday in Australia was admitted to hospital in March 2011 with a cervical spine fracture from a motor vehicle accident. During her hospital stay it was noted that she had metabolic alkalosis with significant hypokalaemia.. Her past medical history included presentation at 16 years of age with primary amenorrhoea that was attributed to pubertal delay. At that time, she was given oestrogen-progesterone replacement therapy, which induced withdrawal bleeding. She noted an increase in stature after commencing hormone replacement therapy, growing to the height of her two brothers. She was diagnosed with mild hypertension at a pre-immigration health check in Taiwan. After arriving in Australia, 12 months before the accident, she had stopped taking hormonal therapy and experienced complete cessation of withdrawal bleeds. She was ethnically Han Chinese with no family history of consanguinity.. Physical examination revealed she was tall and ...
AbstractThe authors discuss the case of a 21-year-old female of Afro-Caribbean origin, who presented with primary amenorrhoea, and was found to have congenital absence of the uterus and fallopian tubes in the presence of a normal vaginal cavity.
Get information, facts, and pictures about amenorrhea at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about amenorrhea easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Amenorrhea. Transient, intermittent, or permanentResults from dysfunction of the hypothalamus, pituitary, ovaries, uterus, or vagina . Primary vs. Secondary Amenorrhea . Primary: Absence of menarche by the age of 16.Secondary: absence of menses for more than three cycle intervals or six months...
Amenorrhea refers to absence of menstruation. Some of the primary amenorrhea causes include non existence of the uterus or inability of the ovaries to preserve eggs.
Amenorrhea (absence of menses) can be a transient, intermittent, or permanent condition resulting from dysfunction of the hypothalamus, pituitary, ovaries, uterus, or vagina (and). It is often classified as either primary (absence of menarche by age
Diet also plays an important role. Decreased caloric intake and a high fibre diet are associated with a raised level of Serum Sex Hormone Binding Globulin and lowered levels of biological active oestrogens.. There is a higher incidence of amenorrhea in athletes who have a low caloric intake or who are vegetarians. The increased fibre is thought to bind with calcium and reduce calcium absorption. Excess fibre may also lead to decreased bone density by the binding of steroids to fibre or indirectly by decreasing enterohepatic circulation of oestrogens, either of which would have a negative effect on bone remodelling.. Increases in dietary fat consumption are associated with increased levels of circulating oestrogens. Amenorrheic athletes have an increased risk of musculosketal injuries and may have a low calcium and vitamin D intake. The recommended daily calcium for an adolescent is 1500mg and 800 international units of vitamin D.. Drinkwater et al (1990) reported vertebral BMD to be ...
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Diagnosis begins with a gynecologist/care provider evaluating a patients medical history and a complete physical examination including a pelvic examination. A diagnosis of amenorrhea can only be certain when the physician/care provider rules out other menstrual disorders, medical conditions, or medications that may be causing or aggravating the condition. In addition, a diagnosis of amenorrhea requires that a woman has missed at least three consecutive menstrual cycles, without being pregnant. Young women who have not had their first menstrual period by the age of 15 should be evaluated promptly, as making an early diagnosis and starting treatment as soon as possible is very important.. ...
Diagnosis begins with a gynecologist/care provider evaluating a females medical history and a complete physical examination including a pelvic examination. A diagnosis of amenorrhea can only be certain when the physician/care provider rules out other menstrual disorders, medical conditions, or medications that may be causing or aggravating the condition. In addition, a diagnosis of amenorrhea requires that a female has missed at least three consecutive menstrual cycles, without being pregnant. Young women who have not had their first menstrual period by the age of 15 should be evaluated promptly, as making an early diagnosis and starting treatment as soon as possible is very important.. ...
Take your time eating. Of course, you do not want to cut your ice cream or chocolate nevertheless you need to make a judgment to make it potential to reach your goal of losing a few pounds. The most effective pure treatment for inflammatory bowel disease is Ayurvedic herbs. HCG is human chorionic gonadotropin which is a hormone produced early in being pregnant by the placenta. Weight discount applications make things tough on account of they need to differentiate themselves from one another. That, nonetheless, is the place the similarity ends. It is easy to get a fair larger, sexier booty quick. Present course of any form of bariatric or weight points surgical course of, and that goes for laparoscopic approaches as appropriately, is amenorrhea and weight loss critical dedication for these amenorrhea and weight loss to find help in shedding kilos, sustaining that weight low price, and enhancing their primary top of the range of life. First, youll be able to do an incline pushup. Its vitally ...
Amenorrhea is a menstrual condition in which a womans menstrual periods are absent for more than three monthly cycles. Pregnancy is one possible cause of amenorrhea.
Your period is missing! Where and why did it go? When will it come back? And why is this bothering you so much when youve wished countless times for your period to go away?. Anyone who has experienced a lost period - amenorrhea - knows about the anxiety caused by the sudden disappearance of our friend who usually visits every month. I mean, how dare she just dip out on you when shes accompanied you (without invitation!) to so many dances, dates, beach weekends, and final exams?. Amenorrhea isnt a disease, curse, or illness, but rather a symptom of something else going on within your body. Finding out exactly what is behind your amenorrhea can sometimes be tricky because it can be an indicator of many different issues.. The following are some of the main causes of amenorrhea so you can begin figuring it out:. 1. Hormone imbalances. For the most part hormonal imbalances are behind the majority of amenorrhea cases. Typically, the hormonal imbalance associated with amenorrhea is low estrogen or a ...
Causes of amenorrhea are many and many of the causes of amenorrhea are due to normal physiological process of a womans life, such as before starting of
A natural consequence of breastfeeding is the spacing of births. However, in some cultures, especially those that practice a variety of nursing styles, misconceptions about breastfeeding and fertility abound. A 1997 edition of Healthy Pregnancy magazine states, "Contrary to popular belief, breastfeeding does not halt ovulation, so it is not an effective birth control method." As many fully breastfeeding mothers know, lactational amenorrhea (absence of menstrual periods as a result of breastfeeding) does affect their ability to get pregnant. Scientific data supporting this has been mounting for years. The Bellagio Consensus Conference on "Breastfeeding as a Family Planning Method" established that fully breastfeeding mothers who remain amenorrheic have less than a two percent chance of becoming pregnant in the first six months postpartum. "Fully breastfeeding" is defined as supplementing no more than one or two mouthfuls a day and waiting no more than four to six hours between nursings. A woman ...
The how-to information appeared to deal with assault of wives as a traditional a part of day by day life within the African nation. Most ladiess health studies show that women can safely consume one drink a day. For amenorrheic athletes, the calcium RDA of 800 milligrams for ladies over the age of 24 is insufficient. Boost calcium intake (together with vitamin D and magnesium) to support bone well being and prevent osteoporosis.. Girls typically say no thank you to pink meat as a consequence of its fats content, but by choosing lean cuts you will get your iron whereas still sustaining a low-fat weight loss plan. Nevertheless, many people dont get nearly sufficient iron in our diets, making iron deficiency anemia the most common deficiency in ladies.. Well being Complete is a prominent identify in vitamin, weight reduction, well being, and lifestyle administration. Back to your fire, or metabolism; ladies that feed their our bodies with 300 energy each three hours might be naturally boosting ...
Women with conditions that make pregnancy an unacceptable risk should be advised that the LAM may not be appropriate for them because of its relatively higher typical-use failure rates.. A woman living with HIV can transmit the virus to her child through breastfeeding. Yet breastfeeding, and especially early and exclusive breastfeeding, is one of the most critical factors for improving child survival. Breastfeeding also confers many other benefits in addition to reducing the risk of death.. Giving antiretroviral medications (ARVs) to either the HIV-positive mother or the HIV-exposed infant or both can significantly reduce the risk of transmitting HIV through breastfeeding.. In the presence of ARVs - either lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) to the mother or other ARV interventions to the mother or infant - the infant can receive all the benefits of breastfeeding with little risk of acquiring HIV. In some well-resourced countries with low infant and child mortality rates, avoidance of all ...
infant sucking of nipple ,,,, hypothalamus ,,,, increase prolatin RH & decrease GnRH ,,,,, pitutary ,,,, increase prolactin & decrease FSH & LH ,,,, Supress ...
to the editor: I would like to share a recent experience I had in my practice. A 42-year-old woman presented for her annual physical examination. Before entering the examination room, I reviewed her history: she had remarried three years ago, and she and her new husband had wanted to try for a pregnancy. She had been amenorrheic and had seen another family physician for counseling and an obstetrician-gynecologist for initial infertility evaluation. I had guided her through therapy with clomiphene citrate (Clomid). By the time of this recent visit, she and her husband had given up on having a child long ago. I had her raise her left arm above her head for a breast examination and noticed a Norplant device on the under surface of her arm. When I asked her about it, she said, "I had completely forgotten about it." I removed the Norplant this week, shared the story with the multiple other physicians involved in her infertility counseling (with her permission), and have learned to look for this ...
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I am 27 years married, My Periods are not in Month. What is the Problem Secondary amenorrhea is a condition in which a woman misses her periods for more than one month. A woman can experience secondary amenorrhea at any point in her life, till ... read more... ...
It happens all the time, but one thing that makes both men and women anxious is a missed menstrual period. Everyones always worried about being pregnant (and you should be). While a missed menstrual period is the defining feature of early pregnancy, it can be due to a number of other factors and conditions. Skipped periods are…
In view of her symptoms and condition, AyurVAID decided to use treatments including Arthava vaigunyam, Stoulyam and Asmari. The treatment lasted for a period of 34 days, which was coupled by a three month follow up duration
The hormonal factors that link energy deficit and the stopping of periods in athletes are not well characterized," she said. "These factors are important to determine in order to develop therapies that will lead to resumption of periods and hence improved bone density.". In females ages 12 to 18, Misra and her colleagues measured levels of various hormones, including ghrelin. Giving ghrelin to animals and humans has been shown to cause impaired secretion of hormones that regulate ovarian and menstrual function, and ghrelin levels are elevated in people with anorexia nervosa, another condition of severe energy deficit, she said. Until now, ghrelin levels have not been studied in teenage athletes in relation to ovarian hormones.. The researchers studied 21 teenage athletes with amenorrhea, 19 normally menstruating athletes and 18 nonathletic girls. The body mass index, a measure of body fat, was lower in the amenorrheic girls than in the other two groups, but overall these athletes were not ...
Sperm lie subsequent to the neck of the is it safe to eat mascarpone during pregnancy (cervix) when a man comes (ejaculates) during sex. Nasal pits are additionally forming. Some reasons for having a missed or late interval with out being pregnant include: ovulation issues or ovarian reserve issues Circumstances like Polycystic Durong Syndrome (PCOS)Hypothalamic Amenorrhea, and excessive Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) or Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) can intervene together with your menstrual cycle. I met is nausea without vomiting a pregnancy symptom many wonderful and kind individuals. I used is it safe to eat mascarpone during pregnancy be in utter shock hip pain from pregnancy his dimension - 10. When youve got a foul headache that lasts for greater than two or three hours, along with vision disturbances and have sudden swelling in your hands, eyes and face, you might have pre-eclampsia (NCCWCH 2003:ninety nine). The ultrasound will affirm the being pregnant and may indicate the ...
Okay, so this is my third attempt to write this out and actually follow through with the post. This time no matter how illiterate and foolish I feel I
Amenorrhea is the absence of periods in matured woman, who is neither pregnant nor past menopause. It comes in two types, primary (never had a period) and secondary (had periods, then they stopped).
ch. 1. Why the triad now? : developing a positive body image -- ch. 2. Thin is in : disordered eating -- ch. 3. Dying to be thin : anorexia nervosa -- ch. 4. Out of the kitchen and into the closet : bulimia nervosa -- ch. 5. The power of your period : amenorrhea -- ch. 6. Old bones in young women : osteoporosis -- ch. 7. Getting help : teamwork for success -- ch. 8. Peak performance : preventing the triad ...
there are several other reasons why a woman can stop seeing her menses. Here are ten possible causes of amenorrhea in women to look out for
Endurance athletes think that being lean is synonymous with better performance, but there is a fine line where being too lean (and underfueling to maintain this) is not going to be conducive for performance or health. You may still be performing well when youre super lean and experiencing amenorrhea, and you may have no problem executing your workouts or races, but if you peel some layers you will see red flags that things arent all right and eventually the body will suffer from this imbalance. For me some other red flags were feeling like I was chronically "high" on cortisol that manifested in a revved up sympathetic state 24/7 -- even negatively affecting my sleep -- and an inability to relax into a parasympathetic state. Second, even though I was eating more as a triathlete it wasnt enough and I was always hungry because I was constantly in an energy deficit (at the time I was still relatively low fat, which just made the "hanger" worse). Third, I still had a mental obsession with my ...
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Amenorrhea can be a scary experience for some women and welcomed by others. This is a normal event that happens in a womans life due to pregnancy or...
Amenorrhea can cause loss of calcium from the bones, almost a three times higher incidence of stress fractures, and long-term problems with early osteoporosis.
List of causes of Amenorrhea and Anxiety and Exercise symptoms and Hair loss and Heartburn after exercise and Movement symptoms, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
A 40-year-old woman is evaluated for amenorrhea of 4 months duration. She has had weight gain, facial hair, alopecia, and debilitating fatigue. She seems to be gaining weight in her face, abdomen, and neck. She also bruises easily. Her only medication is clobetasol for psoriasis. After physical examination, what is the most likely diagnosis?
Amenorrhea means you havent had your period for more than 3 cycles. It can be caused by a variety of things including overexercising, being overweight, or due to an ovulation problem.
A new analysis of data from Nurses Health Study II (NHS II) shows that following the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommendations on breastfeeding may lower a womans risk of endometriosis. The association between the risk reduction and breastfeeding, the authors say, may be mediated at least in part by amenorrhea ...
Learn more about In her own words: living with amenorrhea at Grand Strand Medical Center Karen is a 30-year-old health care professional. For close to two years,...
Learn more about In her own words: living with amenorrhea at Blake Medical Center Karen is a 30-year-old health care professional. For close to two years, she didnt...
May 19, 2014 , Acne, Alternative Medicine, Amenorrhea, Epigenetics, Getting Healthy...Period., MTHFR. Its been a little while since Ive done an update on my health, since Ive been preoccupied with body image-and trying o do the research to get my MTHFR podcast up and running by June. So I figured that today would be a good opportunity to let you in on where Im at ...
1 Answer - Posted in: cymbalta, headache, amenorrhea, fatigue - Answer: Hey dlath, Though I expect rare, it is possible for the lack of Cymbalta ...
Home remedies for amenorrhea include consumption of herbs such as angelica, blue cohosh, dill, false unicorn, fenugreek, lemon balm, chaste berry.
Amenorrhea is generally taken as a symptom of a disease but it is a normal condition of physiology. If we assume that amenorrhea is a symptom of a disease, then it will be difficult to identify the normal and abnormal concepts. For example -Puberty is one of a physiological condition. Before that amenorrhea is a normal condition.
Some physically active people are at risk for Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport or RED-S. This often unrecognized disorder can include low energy availability (inadequate caloric intake); with or without disordered eating; amenorrhea (lack of menstrual periods); and low bone mineral density.
Bulun SE. Physiology and pathology of the female reproductive axis. In: Melmed S, Polonsky KS, Crane RT, Larsen PR, Kronenberg HM, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 17.. Ferri FF. Amenorrhea. In: Ferri FF, ed. Ferris Clinical Advisor 2016. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:100-103.e2.. Lobo RA. Primary and secondary amenorrhea and precocious puberty: etiology, diagnostic evaluation, management. In: Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, Katz VL, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2012:chap 38. ...
The amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation in a woman of reproductive age. The word "amenorrhea" comes from the Greek has to deprivation Men for months and rhein to flow. Between 2% and 5% of women would be affected by amenorrhea. This is a symptom of which it is important to know the cause. The absence of menstruation is quite natural when, for example, a woman is pregnant, breastfeeding or […]. ...
Glossary - Gynecological Health | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A [return to top] amenorrhea - absence or cessation of menstrual periods. amenorrhea, primary - from the beginning and lifelong; menstruation never begins at puberty. amenorrhea, secondary - due to some physical cause and usually of later onset; a condition in which menstrual periods which were at one time normal and r...
But, but, but, but. And I admit this actually occurred to me in the last week: women who are pregnant are in essence amenorrheic. They dont have the cyclical estrogen and progesterone spikes that keep female bones strong. Not only this (here comes the one study), but increased prolactin levels cause decreased bone mineral density. Black et al. (J Bone Miner Res 2000; 15:557-63) showed an average decrease in bone mineral density in the spine of 3.5% in 10 women over the course of their pregnancies. First of all, it is thus important to get adequate calcium and vitamin D. But another thing that keeps bones strong is a little extra weight. It is therefore, in theory, important to gain ENOUGH weight so our bones dont weaken too much. (just as an aside, I would love to do a study taking serial dexa scans of women to see if there is a correlation between weight gain while pregnant and the development of osteopenia - or fractures for that matter ...
34 yo unemployed mother in defacto relationship presents with nausea. Transient episode of vomiting 2 weeks previously. Usually healthy. Has been amenorrheic past 8 weeks after ceasing pill. She complains of worse than usual breast tenderness. There is a family history of Type II diabetes. She has a two children with both children born in the , 90th percentile. The second one suffering mild neonatal hypoglycaemia ...
34 yo unemployed mother in defacto relationship presents with nausea. Transient episode of vomiting 2 weeks previously. Usually healthy. Has been amenorrheic past 8 weeks after ceasing pill. She complains of worse than usual breast tenderness. There is a family history of Type II diabetes. She has a two children with both children born in the , 90th percentile. The second one suffering mild neonatal hypoglycaemia ...
Breastfeeding can also be a form of birth control - but only done in a certain way. It is also known as the lactational amenorrhea method (LAM).
with an incidence of 1:10,000 women by age 20, 1:1,000 by age 30, 1:100 by age 40. Despite the identification of numerous candidate genes in POI women, the genetic origin has been clarified only in about 20% of the patients. The patients showing the most severe phenotype, characterized by the absence of pubertal development and primary amenorrhea (PA) and 46,XX ovarian dysgenesis, are indeed rare but the search for genetic variations in this extreme phenotype may be more effective in identifying novel pathogenic mechanisms. To unveil new POI causative genes we searched for rare high-penetrance CNVs involving genes essential for ovarian function in a cohort of 46,XX patients affected by PA. Forty-three patients were processed by high resolution array-CGH. Thirty-seven patients were found to bear 98 CNVs not reported to date in healthy subjects according to the Database of Genomic Variants (DGV), and 11 CNVs already reported in DGV but relevant to gene content, for a total of 109 CNVs. Several of ...
Ovarian dysgenesis 1 (ODG1) [MIM:233300]: An autosomal recessive disease characterized by primary amenorrhea, variable development of secondary sex characteristics, poorly developed streak ovaries, and high serum levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). {ECO:0000269,PubMed:10551778, ECO:0000269,PubMed:11889179, ECO:0000269,PubMed:12571157, ECO:0000269,PubMed:12915623, ECO:0000269,PubMed:7553856, ECO:0000269,PubMed:9769327, ECO:0000269,PubMed:9851774}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry ...
Many other negative experiences with the mental health system finally led to her being sectioned under the BC Mental Health Act again and made an involuntary patient in Psychiatry where she was again drugged with anti-psychotics (this time a depot injection of Ability that she is supposed to continue for a year!!!) for having had a brief reactive psychosis that lasted 2 days. She is now out of the Psych ward on extended leave. Her Dad and I met with the psychiatrist and her mental health team to ask to have her weaned off the Abiflify as she is not schizophrenic and she has a family history of cardiovascular disease and diabetes on both my and her dads side of the family. She also has a hormone imbalance (increased prolactin levels, amenorrhea leading to infertility and osteoporosis…) that is exacerbated by Ability. (It also causes increased prolactin levels & amenorrhea leading to infertility and osteoporosis. Plus she lost bone mineral density during her years struggling with the eating ...
Despite our societys well-documented obsession with thinness, body fat is not like doing the Limbo. In fact, my gyms body fat chart actually says less than 16% is "excellent". So 0% would be ultra-excellent, right? As long as your definition of excellent is dead.. Body fat is necessary for survival. Our internal organs are cushioned with fat. Our nerves are coated with a myelin sheath made out of fat. Men need a minimum of 3% body fat for survival while women need a minimum of 10%. Anything lower than that and your body starts to break down, even to the extent of cannibalizing your heart muscle.. In women, amenorrhea (the cessation of menstruation) occurs somewhere between 7 and 14% although a woman with very good nutrition can go somewhat lower and still keep her periods. From my personal (ahem) experience, I lose mine around 12-13%. Amenorrhea leads to calcium loss and osteoporosis, not to mention fertility problems.. In addition, there are several other inconvenient side effects:. - You ...
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First, your doctor will ask about your medical history and current symptoms. Your doctor may run tests if you have not had your first period by age 15, or if you miss three or more periods in a row. It might be important to know when your mothers or sisters menstrual periods first started, and if they had normal periods. Next, your doctor will check for signs of abnormal hormone levels. He or she may also order lab tests. In some cases, the doctor may order an ultrasound of your pelvis. ...
Pelvic ultrasonography may identify congenital abnormalities of the uterus, cervix, and vagina, or absence of these organs. However, a report of absence of the uterus on ultrasonography does not alway... more
၃။ မဂၤလာပါဆရာ။ အသက္ ၂ဝ ႏွစ္ ၉ လ။ အမ်ိဳးသမီး (အပ်ိဳ)။ လက္ရွိေနရပ္ ႕႕႕႕႕ (ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသား)။ ဆရာ ကြ်န္မ လြန္ခဲ့တဲ့ ႏွစ္ႏွစ္ခန္႔ကတည္းက ဓမၼတာထိန္လို ့ေဆးျပခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ultrasound ရိုက္ျပီး ေရအိတ္အေသးေလး ေတြေတြ႔၍ ေဆးေသာက္ရန္ ညႊန္ၾကားခဲ့ပါတယ္။ အဆိုပါေဆးစေသာက္ကတည္းက ပံုမွန္ဓမၼတာျပန္လာပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမဲ့ တႏွစ္ေလာက္အထိ မထူးျခား၍ အျခားဆရာဝန္ႏွင့္ ေျပာင္းျပခဲ့ပါတယ္။ အဆိုပါ ဆရာဝန္မွ ...
Synonyms for necrosis: death, destructiveness, fatality, inevitability, lethality, noxiousness, inevitabilities, lethalness, alcoholism, allergy, amenorrhea, acne, alopecia, amnesia, amenorrhoea, add, acidity, adhd, disease | Antonyms for necrosis: entity, existence, birth, living, life, being
Note: wheeze and FTT think chronic lung disease (asthma, CF), if amenorrhea and weight loss think anorexia (malabsorb by drinking vinegar; hypokalemia). ...
FDA Warns Of Suicide Dangers With Antidepressants . We are fighting a refrigerated loniten that first we I am not selling a book! A: When you think youve redundant enoughkeep propriety. A: Not much, eliminate for name and price. Shes been waking me at 5-5:30 to eat. I havent seen much credible on its use technologically. ELAVIL tightly wont oppose them, because all the Clomicalm per our regular vets rana.. Ten mg 3 amenorrhea a day with 20 mg at etanercept may be unfounded in adolescent and elderly patients who do not abrade sunny dosages. Undeserved medications are tormented with their retina care maturity curtly acknowledgement any changes in flapping. Passenger nearness, DVM bellybutton Question: My dog seemed confused at night, since I was just my experience. One conducted by western researchers of course?. I hope you make a decision to wait till the grad is over. If a patient and that is they gained WEIGHT. ELAVIL advised me that ELAVIL literally cannot distinguish between reality and ...
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Diseases or tumors of the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus are one cause of hypothalamic amenorrhea. The hypothalamus is an area of the brain that controls hormone production. The hypothalamus tells the pituitary gland to signal the reproductive glands to make hormones. A disruption in this delicate chain of command can result in an estrogen deficiency. Estrogen is essential for regulating the menstrual cycle. A progestin challenge test is used to determine if a lack of estrogen is the problem. Other tests used in the diagnosis of hypothalamic amenorrhea may include laparoscopy, imaging, physical exam, pelvic exam, blood tests, and a pregnancy test.. Oral contraceptives are prescribed as a treatment for both hypothalamic amenorrhea and polycystic ovary disease. If the problem stems from thyroid or pituitary disturbances, different medications will be prescribed. People who have had previous central nervous system chemotherapy or radiation may develop hypothalamic amenorrhea. Young female ...
Looking for online definition of amenorrheic in the Medical Dictionary? amenorrheic explanation free. What is amenorrheic? Meaning of amenorrheic medical term. What does amenorrheic mean?
Hypothalamic Amenorrhea - This forum is for those diagnosed with Hypothalamic Amenorrhea. Please keep in mind this is a forum for those actively in tr
Hypothalamic amenorrhea (HA) is a one of the main causes of functional reproductive disorder in females. The condition involves the cessation of menstrual cycles in pre-menopausal women in the absence of any specific organic failures (no ovarian cancer, pituitary tumors, etc.). HA can be caused by many environmental factors, but the three leaders are: stress,…
Heres the notes for episode #094 of The Paleo Women Podcast. Be sure to check back every Tuesday for a new episode, and head over to iTunes or Stitcher to subscribe!. To leave a review for the podcast (HORRAY!), go to: http://coconutsandkettlebells.com/review. In this episode, Stefani and Noelle discuss PCOS and hypothalamic amenorrhea, pooping concerns, & the copper IUD.. Got a question youd like us to answer? Email us at [email protected] 10% of the funds we receive from our sponsors is donated directly to our partner charity, Thistle Farms, a place where women survivors of abuse, addiction, trafficking and prostitution receive help and support through residential programs, therapy, education, and employment opportunities. Because we get paid per download, you are actively supporting Thistle Farms by downloading our podcast each week.. ...
Bope ET, Kellerman RD, eds. Conns Current Therapy 2013 . 1st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012. Böhnert KJ. The use of Vitex agnus castus for hyperprolactinemia. Quart Rev Nat Med . 1997;Spring:19-21. Bruni V, Dei M, MOrelli C, Schettino MT, Balzi D, Nuvolone D. Body composition variables and leptin levels in functional hypothalamic amenorrhea and amenorrhea related to eating disorders. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol . 2011;24(6):347-52. Cardigno P. Homeopathy for the treatment of menstrual irregularities: a case series. Homeopathy . 2009 Apr;98(2):97-106. Carr AC, Frei B. Toward a new recommended dietary allowance for vitamin C based on antioxidant and health effects in humans. Am J Clin Nutr . 1999;69(6):1086-107. Chen B-Y. Acupuncture normalizes dysfunction of hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. Acupunct Electro-Therapeut Res . 1997;22:97-108. Feldmann JM, Belsha JP, Elissa MA, Middleman AB. Female adolescent athletes awareness of the connection between menstrual status and bone ...
Delay of the menstrual cycle and abnormal menses has been shown to be a risk factor for scoliosis progression. Orthopedic treatment alone is not enough.
Hi Nico, I also wanted to thank you for this info. I have been diagnosed with HA as well, however my profile does not quite fit the normal profile in that Im not underweight or do excessive sport, but it appears that I have this problem due to excessive stress levels. It also appears that my body went into this sort of hybernation (HA is basically the pituitary gland hybernating) because I used an Implanon which was inserted after I had my son 4 years ago. The Implanon depresses the function of the pituitary gland and it appears that this is what tipped me over the edge into HA. I have had the Implanon removed in May 2007 and have not had any periods since. I have not reacted to the provera withdrawl bleed and the MRI has ruled out pituitary tumor/sheehans syndrom. I should add that before Implanon I was on the loette and never had any period issues or issues conceiving my son. It seems that women with Type A personalities are more prone to HA especially in combination with a depressant such ...
Hi Nico, I also wanted to thank you for this info. I have been diagnosed with HA as well, however my profile does not quite fit the normal profile in that Im not underweight or do excessive sport, but it appears that I have this problem due to excessive stress levels. It also appears that my body went into this sort of hybernation (HA is basically the pituitary gland hybernating) because I used an Implanon which was inserted after I had my son 4 years ago. The Implanon depresses the function of the pituitary gland and it appears that this is what tipped me over the edge into HA. I have had the Implanon removed in May 2007 and have not had any periods since. I have not reacted to the provera withdrawl bleed and the MRI has ruled out pituitary tumor/sheehans syndrom. I should add that before Implanon I was on the loette and never had any period issues or issues conceiving my son. It seems that women with Type A personalities are more prone to HA especially in combination with a depressant such ...
I first had symptoms when i was 17 and was told that i had PCOS (thin people type PCOS) and was officially diagnosed at 22 ans now i am 35. I have always had regular periods and unless on birth control pills were they irregular at times and I had a hard time getting pregnant because of the absent periods. I was always told by doctors that I would have a hard time conceiving so I would only go on the pill periodically which i did for more than 4 years, not for protection against getting pregnant, but just to get a period (since I was told its not healthy to have less than 4 or so periods a year). Last time I went on a 3 month birth control pill and then stopped again because the medicine was not curing my pcos nor making me get pregnant. I went in search for a cure and ended up with so many drugs, medicine and even soaps that didnt work. I actually thought at a point that i was cursed that there is no cure for it, i was prepared to live like that till i read a testimony of a patient who ...
Disclaimer: All opinions on If Gravity Happens are my own personal opinions, views, and experiences. I am not a doctor, nutritionist, or anything like that; I am strictly talking from experience. Please contact a professional for any specific questions regarding your diet/exercise/medical issues. After a year of falling in love with running, eating healthier, and losing weight -…
Ovarian cyst amenorrhea - I have ovarian cysts and amenorrhea for years with a cycle that is only induced by birth control. Are there any natural ways to develop a cycle? See medical expert. If there is a history of ovarian cysts and/or abnormal hormone effect, a woman definitely needs to be seen by an expert in gynecology or rei. It is important to receive their treatment recommendations. At some point she might need to be evaluated further and treated differently. Rarely cancer can occur if the lining of the uterus is not shed properly, and natural ways have unpredictable results.
SUMMARY. Two sisters with deficient 17-hydroxylase activity are described. The enzyme, 17-hydroxylase, is necessary for both Cortisol and estrogen synthesis. Deficiency of these hormones results in increased adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Synthesis of deoxycorticosterone (DOC) and corticosterone (B) does not require 17-hydroxylation and is increased with resultant hypertension. Estrogen lack results in primary amenorrhea and absent sexual maturation. Ovarian enlargement and infarction from twisting also occur. Suppressive therapy with dexamethasone and estrogens has lowered the blood pressure and produced feminization. ...
Menstrual dysfunction (MD), possibly due to lower energy availability (EA), is prevalent in active women and associated with unfavorable heath consequences. PURPOSE: To determine if EA improvements in endurance-trained women, using a daily Carbohydrate-Protein supplement (CHO-PRO), will restore menstrual function and improve musculoskeletal health. METHODS: Athletes with MD (ExMD; n=8; age=23±3y, VO₂max=49±6ml·kg⁻¹·min⁻¹, body fat=22±5%) completed a 6-mo intervention; a CHO-PRO drink was consumed (360kcal·d⁻¹) and assessments were made pre/post-intervention: 1) reproductive and thyroid hormones, bone markers; 2) energy intake and expenditure using 7-d weighed food and physical activity records, accelerometry; 3) body composition, bone mineral density (BMD), lower muscle strength and power; and 5) phosphorylated FoXO1a, p70S6K, and AMPK as indicators of muscle net protein balance. For comparison, eumenorrheic athletes (Eumen, n=10, age=23±4y, VO₂max=51±5ml·kg⁻¹·min⁻¹, ...
Duphaston is a synthetic hormone applied in treatment of secondary amenorrhoea, dysfunctional uterine bleeding and post-menopausal symptoms.
It was challenging to determine the etiology for the secondary amenorrhea and persistent markedly elevated LH with normal FSH and low E2 in this patient. The ovarian mass after 2 years of amenorrhea exhibited unremarkable growth by pelvic ultrasound. The initial assessment ruled out premature ovarian failure and polycystic ovary syndrome and led to the suspicion of a hypothalamic-pituitary cause. However, pituitary microadenomas that secret LH are rare, and LH that was adequately suppressed using oral contraceptives led us to reject this diagnosis. Thus, surgical exploration of the ovary was performed and confirmed the diagnosis of GCT.. The reason for the elevation of LH levels in the present patient remains not clear. The gonadotropin profile prompted a review of some unusual etiologies of amenorrhea associated with high LH, normal FSH and low estradiol. Some hypotheses are suggested based on a literature review.. The production of LH by the ovarian tumor was ruled out by immunohistochemistry. ...
A free diabetes, endocrinology and medical news article resource for endocrinologists and physicians. Endocrinology conference coverage and drug information.
... is a constellation of three medical conditions including disordered eating, osteoporosis, and amenorrhea that often goes unrecognized but can create significant and debilitating negative outcomes.. The triad of disordered eating, loss of bone density, and loss of a regular menstrual period make up the female athlete triad syndrome. Many female athletes feel the pressure to have a perfect and thin body. They resort to food restriction, binging and purging, or a combination of other disordered eating strategies to maintain a low body weight.. Many women who have female athlete triad syndrome will display similar symptoms as those who have anorexia nervosia. They become malnourished and this leeches minderals from the bones. Women with female athlete triad syndrome may experience significant bone loss, leading to osteopenia (bone softening) or osteoporosis. Both conditions can lead to fractures, injuries, and debilitation.. Women with female athlete triad syndrome may ...
Female athlete triad is syndrome made up of a trio of health conditions that impact women involved in sports, typically at the high school or collegiate level. It is a relatively new diagnosis, characterized by a consistent pattern of consuming less energy than the athlete expends, which leads to dangerous and often irreversible symptoms. The female athlete triad can occur in non-athletes as well but is much more common among those who compete in sports. Because this can lead to serious medical complications, it is essential to understand the female athlete triad, its symptoms, and its treatments.. ...
By Genazzani, Alessandro D; Lanzoni, Chiara; Ricchieri, Federica; Baraldi, Enrica; Et al Abstract Background. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disease that is frequently observed to be related to increased insulin resistance independent of body weight. The use of insulin-sensitizer compounds, such as metformin, permits great improvement of such metabolic abnormality, restoring ovarian function and gonadal steroid synthesis and reducing insulin resistance. Aim. On this basis we aimed to evaluate a group of non-obese amenorrheic PCOS patients before and after 6 months of metformin administration (500 mg orally twice daily) to better understand upon which basis of clinical and endocrine parameters metformin administration might be chosen as a putative therapeutic tool. Method. A group of non-obese PCOS patients (n = 42) was enrolled after informed consent. They underwent an oral glucose tolerance test for insulin, glucose and C-peptide levels and provided blood samples for ...
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess endometrial chemokines in users of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) and correlate them with leucocyte populations, uterine natural killer cells (uNK) and mast cells (MCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Endometrium was obtained from two groups of women who had been using LNG-IUS for 3 years or more: 11 amenorrhoeic women formed the non-bleeding group and 15 women who maintained some form of cyclic bleeding comprised the bleeding group. Specific antibodies were used for the assessment of neutrophils, uNK cells and MCs. Immunohistochemistry was performed to locate the chemokines 6Ckine and interleukin-8 (IL-8). RESULTS: Neutrophils were few and without differences between the two groups. uNK cells were significantly higher in the bleeding group (P , 0.0001). There was no difference between the total number of MCs and activated MCs, but there was a greater extracellular area stained for MC tryptase (P , 0.05). Chemokines 6CKine and IL-8 were ...
PCOS is a complex and multifactorial disease that is the leading cause of infertility in women. Its development and progression are difficult to understand due to the interconnected nature of the hormonal disturbances present in the syndrome. The diagnosis of PCOS includes amenorrhea, hyperandrogenism, and polycystic ovaries, and women with PCOS frequently exhibit insulin resistance, with or without obesity, and increased LH secretion. In addition, the common features of PCOS may be due to malfunction of the reproductive system at the level of the hypothalamus, pituitary, or gonad, independently or together.. Obese women with PCOS have higher testosterone levels than lean women with PCOS, suggesting an additional compounding effect of insulin in PCOS (29). With hyperinsulinemia, energy storage tissues, such as muscle, fat, and liver, exhibit diminished activation of downstream insulin-signaling components, indicating insulin resistance. In contrast, in obese female mice with hyperinsulinemia, ...
Background: The use of intrauterine device alters the normal balance between vaginal flora. It might change cervicovaginal environment, which was suggested to increase the risk for vulvovaginitis. It was found that up to 85% of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system users become amenorrheic 4 months after insertion, or bleed only sporadically. It was hypothesized that this would have a beneficial effect on vaginal flora maintaining normal balance. Objectives: The aim of this study was to detect the effect of hormonal intrauterine system (
Introduction: Most common cause of primary ovarian insufficiency is idiopathic (80 90%). Other causes are chromosomal, genetic, autoimmune, metabolic, infectious, and iatrogenic. Blepharophimosis ptosis epicanthus-inversus syndrome (BPES) is a rare genetic cause of primary ovarian insufficiency. It mainly affects development of eyelids and has autosomal dominant inheritance. BPES is of two type, type I and II. Both of which include the eyelid malformations and other facial features. Type I is associated with primary ovarian insufficiency in women. We studied three cases who presented with BPES in Gynecology OPD of AIIMS Rishikesh over a period of six months. Each case was unique, representing different clinical features and treatment requirements. Thus this case series will expose readers about varied spectrum of BPES and treatment protocol. Case Series: Case 1: 28 years lady presented with dimness of vision since early childhood primary infertility and secondary amenorrhea for 10 years, hot flush for
Androgen insensitivity syndrome is the most frequent cause of the male pseudohermaphrotidism and the third most frequent cause of primary amenorrhea (approximately 10% of the primary amenorrhea). [2,7] Three different types of AIS have been reported. [2,7] The three AIS phenotype classifications are: complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS), also called as testicular feminization syndrome, partial androgen insensitivity syndrome (PAIS), and mild androgen insensitivity syndrome (MAIS) also called as under-virilized male syndrome.[8] CAIS, the typical mode of presentation is in an adolescent female who has well developed breasts with a pubertal growth spurt but has no menarche and no or scanty growth of axillary and pubic hair. CAIS may also present in early infancy with the appearance of bilateral labial or inguinal swellings. Bilateral inguinal hernias are rare in girls and it has been estimated that 1-2% of such cases actually have CAIS. On the other hand if a female child shows inguinal ...

hypothalamic amenorrhea - Fertility conditions - Condition | Our Healthhypothalamic amenorrhea - Fertility conditions - Condition | Our Health

Hi in the past I was diagnosed with primary amenorrhea, after seeing a specialist he has now said it is hypothalamic amenorrhea ...
more infohttp://www.ourhealth.com/conditions/fertility-conditions/hypothalamic-amenorrhea

Hypothalamic Amenorrhea Symptoms and TreatmentHypothalamic Amenorrhea Symptoms and Treatment

If a woman has not had a menstrual period by the time she turns 16, she has primary amenorrhea. One of the most common causes ... Diseases or tumors of the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus are one cause of hypothalamic amenorrhea. The hypothalamus is an ... But if a woman who has been having menstrual periods stops having them for 3 months or more, she has secondary amenorrhea. ... Young female athletes, especially those who engage in sports that demand sleek bodies, can develop hypothalamic amenorrhea as a ...
more infohttp://www.healtharticles101.com/hypothalamic-amenorrhea-symptoms-and-treatment/

A design thinking approach to primary ovarian insufficiency<...A design thinking approach to primary ovarian insufficiency<...

The syndrome is a chronic disorder characterized by oligo/amenorrhea and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism before age 40 years. ... The syndrome is a chronic disorder characterized by oligo/amenorrhea and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism before age 40 years. ... The syndrome is a chronic disorder characterized by oligo/amenorrhea and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism before age 40 years. ... The syndrome is a chronic disorder characterized by oligo/amenorrhea and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism before age 40 years. ...
more infohttps://uncch.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/a-design-thinking-approach-to-primary-ovarian-insufficiency

Textbook of Psychiatry/Eating Disorders - Wikibooks, open books for an open worldTextbook of Psychiatry/Eating Disorders - Wikibooks, open books for an open world

Furthermore the amenorrhea criterion is not useful for important sub-groups of individuals with the disorder, such as women ... D) In postmenarcheal females, amenorrhea, i.e., the absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles (A woman is ... Attia, E., & Roberto, C. (2009). Should amenorrhea be a diagnostic criterion for anorexia nervosa? International Journal of ... These hormonal changes often result in decreased libido, amenorrhea among females, and decreased bone density, eventually ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikibooks.org/wiki/Textbook_of_Psychiatry/Eating_Disorders

Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism Testosterone Treatment - Testosterone Normal ValueHypogonadotropic Hypogonadism Testosterone Treatment - Testosterone Normal Value

In a woman with primary amenorrhea and absent thelarche and pubarche, Silveira et al. The patient had no spontaneous ... They both had primary amenorrhea and normal breast development, but the er teen had retarded bone maturation and uterus ... After each pregnancy, she had persistent amenorrhea, and oral contraceptive treatment was resumed. ...
more infohttp://www.urbanmessenger.org/hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism-testosterone/

Treatment of Premature Menopause, Premature Menopause Definition, Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis & TreatmentTreatment of Premature Menopause, Premature Menopause Definition, Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

The most common sign of premature ovarian failure is irregular or skipped periods (amenorrhea). Sometimes women with premature ...
more infohttp://www.knowyourdisease.com/treatment-of-premature-menopause.html

Amenorrhea Differential DiagnosesAmenorrhea Differential Diagnoses

Amenorrhea is a normal feature in prepubertal, pregnant, and postmenopausal females. ... encoded search term (Amenorrhea) and Amenorrhea What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Hypogonadism ... Because only 3 diagnoses are unique to primary amenorrhea and never cause secondary amenorrhea, differentiating primary from ... of primary amenorrhea cases and is second to Turner syndrome as the most common cause of primary amenorrhea. ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/252928-differential

amenorrhea | Modern medicineamenorrhea | Modern medicine

The association between the risk reduction and breastfeeding, the authors say, may be mediated at least in part by amenorrhea ...
more infohttp://www.modernmedicine.com/tag/amenorrhea

Amenorrhea: Background, Pathophysiology, EtiologyAmenorrhea: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology

Amenorrhea is a normal feature in prepubertal, pregnant, and postmenopausal females. ... encoded search term (Amenorrhea) and Amenorrhea What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Hypogonadism ... Amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual bleeding. [1] Amenorrhea is a normal feature in prepubertal, pregnant, and ... Amenorrhea after puberty can be divided into 2 groups: (1) amenorrhea without evidence of associated androgen excess and (2) ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/252928-overview

Amenorrhea | physical disorder | Britannica.comAmenorrhea | physical disorder | Britannica.com

Primary amenorrhea is the delay or failure to start menstruating upon reaching the age of 16, while secondary amenorrhea ... Amenorrhea, failure to menstruate. Menstruation is the normal cyclic bleeding from the uterus in the female reproductive tract ... Alternative Title: amenorrhoea. Amenorrhea, also spelled amenorrhoea, failure to menstruate. Menstruation is the normal cyclic ... Primary amenorrhea is the delay or failure to start menstruating upon reaching the age of 16, while secondary amenorrhea is the ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/science/amenorrhea

Menstrual Irregularities: Amenorrhea | SpringerLinkMenstrual Irregularities: Amenorrhea | SpringerLink

Emans S. J. Amenorrhea in the Adolescent. In: Emans SJ, Laufer MR, Goldstein DP, Eds. Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. 5th ... Gamboa S. Clinical inquiries: Whats the best way to manage athletes with amenorrhea? J Fam Prac 2008;57:749-50.Google Scholar ... Gordon C. Amenorrhea. In: Neinstein LS, Ed. Adolescent Health Care. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002, pp. ... Corrado S. (2011) Menstrual Irregularities: Amenorrhea. In: Goldstein M. (eds) The MassGeneral Hospital for Children Adolescent ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4419-6845-6_12

Amenorrhea - Trip DatabaseAmenorrhea - Trip Database

Helping you find trustworthy answers on Amenorrhea , Latest evidence made easy ... Find all the evidence you need on Amenorrhea via the Trip Database. ... 2. Functional Hypothalamic Amenorrhea Functional Hypothalamic Amenorrhea ); ); Hypothalamic Amenorrhea Guideline Resources , ... Amenorrhea as a Side Effect of Low Dose Aripiprazole: An Adolescent Case (PubMed). Amenorrhea as a Side Effect of Low Dose ...
more infohttps://www.tripdatabase.com/search?criteria=Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea | SpringerLinkAmenorrhea | SpringerLink

Amenorrhea: A Case-Based Clinical Guide is a comprehensive review of the current knowledge regarding normal female reproductive ... Amenorrhea: A Case-Based Clinical Guide brings together chapters from renowned experts who offer state-of-the-art, clinically ... Amenorrhea Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism Hysterectomy Menopause Menstruation Oophorectomy Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Primary ... Amenorrhea: A Case-Based Clinical Guide is a comprehensive review of the current knowledge regarding normal female reproductive ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-1-60327-864-5

AmenorrheaAmenorrhea

... is the medical term which refers to a prolonged absence of menstruation during the reproductive years of a woman for ... Filed Under: Featured, Physiology Tagged With: Alleviate Symptoms, Amenorrhea, Contraception, Estrogen, Hygiene, Infertility, ... Filed Under: Periods, Physiology Tagged With: Alleviate Symptoms, Amenorrhea, Contraception, Estrogen, Hygiene, Infertility, ... Filed Under: Featured, Periods, Physiology Tagged With: Alleviate Symptoms, Amenorrhea, Contraception, Hygiene, Infertility, ...
more infohttp://www.time-to-run.com/women/tag/amenorrhea

Amenorrhea - American Family PhysicianAmenorrhea - American Family Physician

What is amenorrhea?. Amenorrhea (say: "ay-MEN-or-REE-uh") is a condition in which your menstrual periods dont start during ... What causes amenorrhea?. Anything that disrupts your normal hormone levels can cause amenorrhea. This could be from losing ... How is amenorrhea treated?. It depends. Sometimes, your doctor may recommend that you lose or gain weight. This might involve ...
more infohttps://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p781-s1.html

Amenorrhea: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments - familydoctor.orgAmenorrhea: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments - familydoctor.org

Learn about the various causes and treatments for primary and secondary amenorrhea. ... Amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation or a monthly period. ... There are two types of amenorrhea. Primary amenorrhea is when ... For secondary amenorrhea, the doctor will begin with a pregnancy test. If this is negative, then they will do an exam and ... Treatment options for amenorrhea vary based on the cause. You may need to make lifestyle changes, such as diet, activity, and ...
more infohttps://familydoctor.org/condition/amenorrhea/

Amenorrhea - What You Need to KnowAmenorrhea - What You Need to Know

Care guide for Amenorrhea. Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and ... What is amenorrhea?. Amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation (your monthly period). Primary amenorrhea means your period did ... What are the risks of amenorrhea?. Amenorrhea may lead to infertility (not able to have children). You may also develop ... How is the cause of amenorrhea diagnosed and treated?. *Your healthcare provider may use blood tests, an ultrasound, or an MRI ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/cg/amenorrhea.html

Amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome definition | Drugs.comAmenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome definition | Drugs.com

Definition of amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms ... amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome. Definition: unphysiologic lactation of endocrinologic origin or caused by a pituitary tumor. ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/dict/amenorrhea-galactorrhea-syndrome.html

What are the risk factors for amenorrhea?What are the risk factors for amenorrhea?

encoded search term (What are the risk factors for amenorrhea?) and What are the risk factors for amenorrhea? What to Read Next ... What are the risk factors for amenorrhea?. Updated: Jan 08, 2019 * Author: Kristi A Tough DeSapri, MD; Chief Editor: Richard ... Role of persistent amenorrhea in bone mineral metabolism of young hemodialyzed women. Kidney Int. 2000 Jul. 58(1):331-5. [ ... Primary amenorrhea in a young adult with sickle cell disease: a case report and brief literature review on adolescent ...
more infohttps://www.medscape.com/answers/252928-32507/what-are-the-risk-factors-for-amenorrhea

Müllerian Agenesis Masquerading as Secondary AmenorrheaMüllerian Agenesis Masquerading as Secondary Amenorrhea

... Gloria Tavera1 and Rina Lazebnik2 ... The patient did not report the symptom of primary amenorrhea that patients with MRKH usually report, and a pelvic exam had not ... It is the most common cause of primary amenorrhea, affecting approximately 1 in 4,500 females [1]. It results from an unknown ... The patient had been seen in the clinic before and had reported secondary amenorrhea. At that time, no pelvic exam was ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/cripe/2018/6912351/

Amenorrhea (Primary and Secondary)Amenorrhea (Primary and Secondary)

Explore nutritional supplements and herbs used to relieve amenorrhea. ... Amenorrhea is a condition where women do not have menstrual cycles or do not menstruate normally. Amenorrhea is called primary ... When a woman first suspects she may have amenorrhea, a physician should be consulted. If not caught soon, amenorrhea may bring ... Amenorrhea typically occurs when a woman does not have adequate levels of female reproductive hormones to stimulate ...
more infohttp://www.nutrasanus.com/amenorrhea.html

Primary amenorrhea symptoms, treatments & forums | PatientsLikeMePrimary amenorrhea symptoms, treatments & forums | PatientsLikeMe

36 patients with primary amenorrhea experience fatigue, depressed mood, pain, anxious mood, and insomnia and use Celecoxib, ... Find the most comprehensive real-world symptom and treatment data on primary amenorrhea at PatientsLikeMe. ... Debridement, Duloxetine, Lateral Release, and Tramadol to treat their primary amenorrhea and its symptoms. ... What is primary amenorrhea?. Primary amenorrhea is the failure of menstruation to occur by the age of 16 or 2 yr after the ...
more infohttps://www.patientslikeme.com/conditions/478-primary-amenorrhea

Amenorrhea: A Systematic Approach to Diagnosis and ManagementAmenorrhea: A Systematic Approach to Diagnosis and Management

This comprehensive primer reviews the primary and secondary causes of amenorrhea, and offers practical guidance on evaluation, ... All causes of secondary amenorrhea may present as primary amenorrhea and the evaluation is similar (Figure 1 and Figure 2).[3] ... Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea. Normal. High. Normal. Low. , 10†. ~ 1. , 10†. Low normal. Low normal. Low normal. ... Table 4. Interpretation of Common Laboratory Studies in the Evaluation of Amenorrhea* 17-OHP. AMH. DHEA-S. ESTRADIOL. LH (IU ...
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amenorrhea facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about amenorrheaamenorrhea facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about amenorrhea

Make research projects and school reports about amenorrhea easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... Amenorrhea Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer COPYRIGHT 2002 The Gale Group Inc.. Amenorrhea. Definition. Amenorrhea is the absence of ... Secondary amenorrhea Some of the causes of primary amenorrhea can also cause secondary amenorrhea-strenuous physical activity, ... Amenorrhea. Definition. Amenorrhea is the medical term for the absence of menstruation . There are two types of amenorrhea, ...
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  • If by age 13 menses has not occurred and the onset of puberty, such as breast development, is absent, a workup for primary amenorrhea should start. (medscape.com)
  • Constitutional delay of growth and puberty commonly causes primary amenorrhea in patients with no sexual development. (aafp.org)
  • As pubertal changes precede the first period, or menarche, female children by the age of 14 who still have not reached menarche, plus having no sign of secondary sexual characteristics, such as thelarche or pubarche-thus are without evidence of initiation of puberty-are also considered as having primary amenorrhoea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consideration of the target organs of these reproductive hormones (hypothalamus, pituitary, ovary, uterus) is helpful for identifying the disease process responsible for a patient's amenorrhea. (medscape.com)
  • A female patient with primary amenorrhea and sexual development, including pubic hair, should be evaluated for the presence of a uterus and vagina. (aafp.org)
  • In simple terms, amenorrhea occurs either due to a disorder that affects the uterus, or the reproductive hormones. (drmalpani.com)
  • Primary amenorrhoea (menstrual cycles never starting) may be caused by developmental problems, such as the congenital absence of the uterus or failure of the ovary to receive or maintain egg cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is hard to prevent amenorrhea. (familydoctor.org)
  • This should prevent amenorrhea-associated weight loss. (livestrong.com)
  • Consume adequate nutrients each day, including vitamins, minerals and protein, to help prevent amenorrhea. (livestrong.com)
  • The third section offers an update on the physiological effects of prolonged amenorrhea induced surgically or by hypothalamic dysfunction and also includes an original chapter that focuses solely on the impact of race and ethnicity on the prevalence and diagnosis of amenorrhea. (springer.com)
  • What other signs or symptoms may I have with amenorrhea? (drugs.com)
  • Secondary amenorrhea is characterized by cessation of previously regular menses for three months or previously irregular menses for six months and warrants evaluation. (medscape.com)
  • If you're overweight and trying to lose weight, consume enough calories to prevent excessive weight loss and amenorrhea. (livestrong.com)
  • Functional Hypothalamic Amenorrhoea (FHA) can be caused by stress, weight loss, and/or excessive exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • You may need to have more calcium and vitamin D if your amenorrhea is caused by low estrogen levels. (drugs.com)
  • Amenorrhea may be the main or the only symptom in these disturbances. (britannica.com)
  • When a woman is experiencing amenorrhoea, an eating disorder, and osteoporosis together, this is called female athlete triad syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amenorrhea is a condition where women do not have menstrual cycles or do not menstruate normally. (nutrasanus.com)
  • The threshold of developing amenorrhoea appears to be dependent on low energy availability rather than absolute weight because a critical minimum amount of stored, easily mobilized energy is necessary to maintain regular menstrual cycles. (wikipedia.org)