Ambergris: A gray substance found in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT of the SPERM WHALE.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.BelizeAircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Aerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Indians, Central American: Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.Aviation: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.Central AmericaSouth AmericaPanamaRetirement: The state of being retired from one's position or occupation.Caribbean Region: The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Sharks: A group of elongate elasmobranchs. Sharks are mostly marine fish, with certain species large and voracious.Perciformes: The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.Diving: An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.Decompression Sickness: A condition occurring as a result of exposure to a rapid fall in ambient pressure. Gases, nitrogen in particular, come out of solution and form bubbles in body fluid and blood. These gas bubbles accumulate in joint spaces and the peripheral circulation impairing tissue oxygenation causing disorientation, severe pain, and potentially death.Barotrauma: Injury following pressure changes; includes injury to the eustachian tube, ear drum, lung and stomach.Whales: Large marine mammals of the order CETACEA. In the past, they were commercially valued for whale oil, for their flesh as human food and in ANIMAL FEED and FERTILIZERS, and for baleen. Today, there is a moratorium on most commercial whaling, as all species are either listed as endangered or threatened.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Cetacea: An order of wholly aquatic MAMMALS occurring in all the OCEANS and adjoining seas of the world, as well as in certain river systems. They feed generally on FISHES, cephalopods, and crustaceans. Most are gregarious and most have a relatively long period of parental care and maturation. Included are DOLPHINS; PORPOISES; and WHALES. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp969-70)Humpback Whale: The species Megaptera novaeangliae, in the family Balaenopteridae, characterized by its huge flippers and the arching of their back when diving. They are also known for their breaching and singing.Fin Whale: The species Balaenoptera physalus, in the family Balaenopteridae, characterized by a large, strongly curved, dorsal fin. It is the second largest of the WHALES, highly migratory, but rarely seen near the shore.Dolphins: Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)Flatulence: Production or presence of gas in the gastrointestinal tract which may be expelled through the anus.HondurasEl SalvadorDirectories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Burial: The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.Molluscacides: Agents destructive to snails and other mollusks.Water Quality: A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.Perfume: A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell, especially a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Obsessive Hoarding: Persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions, regardless of the value of these possessions. Epidemiological studies suggest that hoarding occurs in 2-5% of the population and can lead to substantial distress and disability, as well as serious public health consequences.Webcasts as Topic: Transmission of live or pre-recorded audio or video content via connection or download from the INTERNET.Pacific OceanIndian Ocean: A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Convolvulaceae: The morning glory family of flowering plants, of the order Solanales, which includes about 50 genera and at least 1,400 species. Leaves are alternate and flowers are funnel-shaped. Most are twining and erect herbs, with a few woody vines, trees, and shrubs.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Blood Specimen Collection: The taking of a blood sample to determine its character as a whole, to identify levels of its component cells, chemicals, gases, or other constituents, to perform pathological examination, etc.Specimen Handling: Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.Library Collection Development: Development of a library collection, including the determination and coordination of selection policy, assessment of needs of users and potential users, collection use studies, collection evaluation, identification of collection needs, selection of materials, planning for resource sharing, collection maintenance and weeding, and budgeting.Appendix: A worm-like blind tube extension from the CECUM.Islam: A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.Holy Roman Empire: Realm in central Europe consisting of a confederation of German and Italian territories under the suzerainty of an emperor and existing from the 9th or 10th century to 1806.Appendiceal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the APPENDIX.PakistanReligion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Bible: The book composed of writings generally accepted by Christians as inspired by God and of divine authority. (Webster, 3d ed)ArchivesRadiology Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.Computer Storage Devices: Devices capable of receiving data, retaining data for an indefinite or finite period of time, and supplying data upon demand.Databases, Nucleic Acid: Databases containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS; NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.Compact Disks: Computer disks storing data with a maximum reduction of space and bandwidth. The compact size reduces cost of transmission and storage.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.

A new electronic-topological investigation of the relationship between chemical structure and ambergris odour. (1/1)

An electronic-topological approach has been used to define an active ambergris fragment (AAF) which correctly describes the presence (or absence) of the ambergris odour of all 181 compounds investigated. The AAF consists of one oxygen atom and three carbon atoms (alpha, beta, gamma) which are separated by certain key distances and which possess certain atomic charges. The C(alpha) atom must bear at least one hydrogen atom (H(alpha)) which is located at a certain distance from one of the unshared electronic pairs of the oxygen atom.  (+info)

  • Now this ambergris is a very curious substance, and so important as an article of commerce, that in 1791 a certain Nantucket-born Captain Coffin was examined at the bar of the English House of Commons on that subject. (americanliterature.com)
  • For amber, though at times found on the sea-coast, is also dug up in some far inland soils, whereas ambergris is never found except upon the sea. (americanliterature.com)
  • For at that time, and indeed until a comparatively late day, the precise origin of ambergris remained, like amber itself, a problem to the learned. (americanliterature.com)
  • S. A. Taha , General pharmacological screening on ambergris extract, Pak. (who.int)
  • ambre gris ), ambergrease , or grey amber , is a solid, waxy, flammable substance of a dull grey or blackish colour produced in the digestive system of sperm whales . (wikipedia.org)
  • Though the word ambergris is but the French compound for grey amber, yet the two substances are quite distinct. (maudnewton.com)
  • For amber, though at times found on the sea-coast, is also dug up in some far inland soils, whereas ambergris is never found except upon the sea. (maudnewton.com)
  • To learn all the info you need on what ambergris is and its differences with amber resin as well as its differences with Ambrox/Ambroxan refer to these herein linked articles. (blogspot.com)
  • There are three main types of amber, the fossilized resin that is made into jewellery, ambergris, a product of the sperm whale and liquid amber which is a sap which comes from trees of various species and which is also known as storax. (blogspot.com)
  • Centuries ago the French employed amber gris and amber jaune (gray amber and yellow amber) to distinguish between animal-based ambergris and what today has become the standard meaning: the golden-hued vegetal resin. (scientificamerican.com)
  • I know that Ambergris is the full name, but usually it is sold under the name " OIL of AMBER. (everything2.com)
  • That excretion is ambergris, or 'gray amber. (takasago.com)
  • A 1.1-kilogram (2.4 lb) lump of ambergris, found on a beach at Anglesey , Wales , was sold to a French buyer for £11,000 at an auction in Macclesfield , England, on 25 September 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • A lusciously erotic experience involves crushing a small dried lump of ambergris (percehd on the edge of the spoon) into organic coconut oil and allowing it to macerate for months before using. (blogspot.com)
  • Ambergris has been mostly known for its use in creating perfume and fragrance much like musk . (wikipedia.org)
  • Like other animal-based perfume components (such as musk) ambergris has a scent all its own-derived from its chemical component ambrein-that it imparts to popular perfumes such as Chanel No. 5. (scientificamerican.com)
  • To these put a quarter of an ounce of distilled spirit of musk, and an ounce of spirit of ambergris. (chestofbooks.com)
  • More than twenty years ago, Jeff VanderMeer first introduced the world to the fictional city of Ambergris, a beautiful and sinister sprawling metropolis populated by artists and thieves, composers and murderers, geniuses and madmen. (google.com)
  • For well over a thousand years, ambergris, a key component in classic perfumery, has been called such things as the "universal cordial," "the dearest and most valuable commodity in France," and "the odor of sanctity. (atlasobscura.com)
  • When it is fresh, ambergris has nearly no value, because its smell is extremely fecal and it has no great use for perfumery. (blogspot.com)
  • Freshly produced ambergris has a marine, fecal odor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breakdown of the relatively scentless ambrein through oxidation produces ambroxan and ambrinol, the main odor components of ambergris. (wikipedia.org)
  • As odor chemist George Preti of the Monell Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia explains, ambergris molecules are lipophilic (fat-loving), as are perfume molecules, but the ambergris molecules are larger and heavier. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The odor molecules have a high affinity for the other lipophilic molecules, so they stay associated with the ambergris molecules and don't go into the vapor phase all at once," Preti says. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Ambergris floats on the oceans for months and years, in the process losing its noisome odor under the combined effects of sunlight, seawater, air, and microbes, until it becomes a waxy mass ranging in color from dark brown to gray that emanates an exquisite fragrance. (takasago.com)
  • Recent results in the search for new molecules with ambergris odor. (bireme.br)
  • The correlation between structural, stereochemical as well as electronic features and ambergris odor of some tricyclic ethers is established based on quantum chemical calculation method. (bireme.br)
  • A definite structural fragment (a "new ambergris triangle") with certain electronic properties determining the origin of the odor is revealed. (bireme.br)
  • The influence of HOMO-LUMO energy gaps and total energies of some ambergris compounds on their odor intensity is investigated. (bireme.br)
  • As for its mysterious origin, t he Chinese thought ambergris was dragon spit that had fallen into the ocean and hardened. (atlasobscura.com)
  • Christopher Kemp tells us all about the mysterious stuff, ambergris - the subject of his new book. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • There are stories within stories, mystery, mayhem, and a dark history that threatens to consume the city itself as the gray caps, the mysterious and deadly mushroom people who once ruled Ambergris and have since been driven underground, now threaten to rise again. (google.com)
  • The Ambergris trilogy is made up of three novels, each of which has become a cult classic in its own right: City of Saints and Madmen, Shriek: An Afterword, and Finch. (google.com)
  • Se encuentra ambar gris en cachalotes machos y hembras y también en el cachalote pigmeo. (travelsdocbox.com)
  • El hallazgo más grande pesó 455 kg y se vendió en 23,000 libras esterlinas en Ambar gris se encuentra en el recto del cachalote pero no causa ni revela enfermedad. (travelsdocbox.com)
  • Los procesos bioquímicos que transforman el coprolito en ambar gris son consecuenciales de su incubación durante un largo periodo en el ambiente singular del recto saturado de bacterias. (travelsdocbox.com)
  • White crystals of a terpene known as ambrein can be separated from ambergris by heating raw ambergris in alcohol, then allowing the resulting solution to cool. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ambergris is found in lumps of various shapes and sizes, usually weighing from 15 g (~½ oz) to 50 kg (110 pounds), sometimes more. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some also think that ambergris lumps occasionally become so large that they destroy the whale's intestine, killing it. (listverse.com)
  • But ambergris is so much more than just the complex scent of "new-mown hay, the damp woodsy fragrance of a fern-copse, and the faintest possible perfume of the violet," as it was described by the New York Times in 1895. (atlasobscura.com)
  • But the endless sweetness and exceptional depth come from authentic and majestic ambergris of New Zealand, specially selected by Thierry Wasser for this fragrance. (guerlain.com)
  • Ambergris gives this fragrance its intense character. (guerlain.com)
  • Because of supply shortage and price inflation, a number of ambergris substitutes have been developed by the fragrance industry. (bireme.br)
  • Prior to the turn of the 20th century, ambergris was used by bartenders, liquor rectifiers, and makers of cordials & syrups as an additive in many products. (blogspot.com)
  • Christian Dior Dioressence perfume was said to have been inspired by perfumer Guy Robert's encounter with both real ambergris and a knock-off Miss Dior soap. (yahoo.com)
  • The Ambergris Museum opened in February 1998 in San Pedro Town, Belize. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ambergris Stadium is a multi-purpose sporting field in San Pedro Town, Belize. (wikipedia.org)
  • But over the last thirty years, the tourism industry has seen significant growth in the dive and scuba trade, and even the budding trend of ecotourism, making San Pedro Town and Ambergris Caye the gateway to paradise in this beautiful country. (nwas.com)
  • Ambergris used to be very highly valued by perfumers as a fixative that allowed the scent to last much longer, but it has been replaced by synthetic ambroxan . (wikipedia.org)
  • Ambergris - good for scent, less attractive to look at. (atlasobscura.com)
  • Some, but not all, scent qualities of ambergris have been synthesized, so the original remains valuable. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Some courtiers thought Charles II of England was poisoned by his favorite meal of eggs and ambergris, while Marie Antoinette commissioned legendary perfumes which ambergris made magical. (atlasobscura.com)
  • Ambergris smells earthy, sweet, tobacco-like, and provides a roundness and depth to perfumes. (yahoo.com)
  • This small country - with an even smaller population - is home to enough seashore to make it possible for investors to get prime waterfront real estate yet they aren't paying premium prices - even for vacation homes in Belize's most desirable location, Ambergris Caye. (digitaljournal.com)
  • Being able to give an Ambergris Caye address is considered a gold standard in Belize," said Scott Fusion, Salt Life Belize's sales director. (digitaljournal.com)
  • These stones washed up on ancient beaches along with ambergris, and they looked similar so it is understandable that the ancients were confused regarding their genesis. (blogspot.com)
  • From the beautiful beaches and azure waters of the Caribbean, to the Maya Mountains and Pine Ridge, there's paradise aplenty for everyone on Ambergris Caye. (nwas.com)
  • Its origin has attracted speculation since ambergris was first mentioned early in the ninth century when an Arab traveller recorded trade in ambergris among the islands of the Indian Ocean (Kerr, , vol. 1, p. 49). (travelsdocbox.com)
  • And a patient in a mental institution is convinced he's made up a city called Ambergris, imagined its every last detail, and that he's really from a place called Chicago. (goodreads.com)
  • The mystery of its origin made ambergris all the more popular. (atlasobscura.com)
  • " Chocolat Ambré" (of which I present a recipe below) was made with shaved dark chocolate and hot water, laced with a substantial amount of grinded ambergris. (blogspot.com)
  • My planking picture made entry number 42 in the Ambergris Today Planking Competition . (tacogirl.com)
  • The very small chance of finding ambergris, and the legal ambiguity involved led perfume makers away from ambergris and led chemists on a quest to find viable alternatives. (wikipedia.org)