Suppression, Genetic: Mutation process that restores the wild-type PHENOTYPE in an organism possessing a mutationally altered GENOTYPE. The second "suppressor" mutation may be on a different gene, on the same gene but located at a distance from the site of the primary mutation, or in extrachromosomal genes (EXTRACHROMOSOMAL INHERITANCE).Coliphages: Viruses whose host is Escherichia coli.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.RNA, Transfer, Tyr: A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying tyrosine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Genes, Suppressor: Genes that have a suppressor allele or suppressor mutation (SUPPRESSION, GENETIC) which cancels the effect of a previous mutation, enabling the wild-type phenotype to be maintained or partially restored. For example, amber suppressors cancel the effect of an AMBER NONSENSE MUTATION.Codon, Terminator: Any codon that signals the termination of genetic translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC). PEPTIDE TERMINATION FACTORS bind to the stop codon and trigger the hydrolysis of the aminoacyl bond connecting the completed polypeptide to the tRNA. Terminator codons do not specify amino acids.RNA, Transfer: The small RNA molecules, 73-80 nucleotides long, that function during translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) to align AMINO ACIDS at the RIBOSOMES in a sequence determined by the mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). There are about 30 different transfer RNAs. Each recognizes a specific CODON set on the mRNA through its own ANTICODON and as aminoacyl tRNAs (RNA, TRANSFER, AMINO ACYL), each carries a specific amino acid to the ribosome to add to the elongating peptide chains.Genetic Code: The meaning ascribed to the BASE SEQUENCE with respect to how it is translated into AMINO ACID SEQUENCE. The start, stop, and order of amino acids of a protein is specified by consecutive triplets of nucleotides called codons (CODON).Dominican Republic: A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Santo Domingo. With Haiti, it forms the island of Hispaniola - the Dominican Republic occupying the eastern two thirds, and Haiti, the western third. It was created in 1844 after a revolt against the rule of President Boyer over the entire island of Hispaniola, itself visited by Columbus in 1492 and settled the next year. Except for a brief period of annexation to Spain (1861-65), it has been independent, though closely associated with the United States. Its name comes from the Spanish Santo Domingo, Holy Sunday, with reference to its discovery on a Sunday. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338, 506 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)Amber: A yellowish fossil resin, the gum of several species of coniferous trees, found in the alluvial deposits of northeastern Germany. It is used in molecular biology in the analysis of organic matter fossilized in amber.Codon: A set of three nucleotides in a protein coding sequence that specifies individual amino acids or a termination signal (CODON, TERMINATOR). Most codons are universal, but some organisms do not produce the transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER) complementary to all codons. These codons are referred to as unassigned codons (CODONS, NONSENSE).RNA, Transfer, Gln: A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying glutamine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.T-Phages: A series of 7 virulent phages which infect E. coli. The T-even phages T2, T4; (BACTERIOPHAGE T4), and T6, and the phage T5 are called "autonomously virulent" because they cause cessation of all bacterial metabolism on infection. Phages T1, T3; (BACTERIOPHAGE T3), and T7; (BACTERIOPHAGE T7) are called "dependent virulent" because they depend on continued bacterial metabolism during the lytic cycle. The T-even phages contain 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in place of ordinary cytosine in their DNA.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Anticodon: The sequential set of three nucleotides in TRANSFER RNA that interacts with its complement in MESSENGER RNA, the CODON, during translation in the ribosome.Genes: A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.Genetic Complementation Test: A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.Genetics, Microbial: A subdiscipline of genetics which deals with the genetic mechanisms and processes of microorganisms.Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases: A subclass of enzymes that aminoacylate AMINO ACID-SPECIFIC TRANSFER RNA with their corresponding AMINO ACIDS.DNA Viruses: Viruses whose nucleic acid is DNA.RNA, Transfer, Amino Acyl: Intermediates in protein biosynthesis. The compounds are formed from amino acids, ATP and transfer RNA, a reaction catalyzed by aminoacyl tRNA synthetase. They are key compounds in the genetic translation process.RNA, Transfer, Amino Acid-Specific: A group of transfer RNAs which are specific for carrying each one of the 20 amino acids to the ribosome in preparation for protein synthesis.RNA, Transfer, Ser: A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying serine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.RNA, Transfer, Glu: A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying glutamic acid to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Peptide Chain Termination, Translational: A process of GENETIC TRANSLATION whereby the terminal amino acid is added to a lengthening polypeptide. This termination process is signaled from the MESSENGER RNA, by one of three termination codons (CODON, TERMINATOR) that immediately follows the last amino acid-specifying CODON.Aminoacylation: A reaction that introduces an aminoacyl group to a molecule. TRANSFER RNA AMINOACYLATION is the first step in GENETIC TRANSLATION.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Lysogeny: The phenomenon by which a temperate phage incorporates itself into the DNA of a bacterial host, establishing a kind of symbiotic relation between PROPHAGE and bacterium which results in the perpetuation of the prophage in all the descendants of the bacterium. Upon induction (VIRUS ACTIVATION) by various agents, such as ultraviolet radiation, the phage is released, which then becomes virulent and lyses the bacterium.Serratia: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in the natural environment (soil, water, and plant surfaces) or as an opportunistic human pathogen.Geological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.Transfer RNA Aminoacylation: The conversion of uncharged TRANSFER RNA to AMINO ACYL TRNA.RNA, Transfer, Trp: A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying tryptophan to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.Nucleic Acid Conformation: The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.Bromouracil: 5-Bromo-2,4(1H,3H)-pyrimidinedione. Brominated derivative of uracil that acts as an antimetabolite, substituting for thymine in DNA. It is used mainly as an experimental mutagen, but its deoxyriboside (BROMODEOXYURIDINE) is used to treat neoplasms.Protein Biosynthesis: The biosynthesis of PEPTIDES and PROTEINS on RIBOSOMES, directed by MESSENGER RNA, via TRANSFER RNA that is charged with standard proteinogenic AMINO ACIDS.Transduction, Genetic: The transfer of bacterial DNA by phages from an infected bacterium to another bacterium. This also refers to the transfer of genes into eukaryotic cells by viruses. This naturally occurring process is routinely employed as a GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUE.Genes, Viral: The functional hereditary units of VIRUSES.Methanosarcina barkeri: A species of halophilic archaea whose organisms are nonmotile. Habitats include freshwater and marine mud, animal-waste lagoons, and the rumens of ungulates.Baltic States: The collective name for the republics of ESTONIA; LATVIA; and LITHUANIA on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p111)Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Methanosarcina: A genus of anaerobic, irregular spheroid-shaped METHANOSARCINALES whose organisms are nonmotile. Endospores are not formed. These archaea derive energy via formation of methane from acetate, methanol, mono-, di-, and trimethylamine, and possibly, carbon monoxide. Organisms are isolated from freshwater and marine environments.DNA, Viral: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Codon, Nonsense: An amino acid-specifying codon that has been converted to a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR) by mutation. Its occurance is abnormal causing premature termination of protein translation and results in production of truncated and non-functional proteins. A nonsense mutation is one that converts an amino acid-specific codon to a stop codon.NitrosoguanidinesBacteriophage lambda: A temperate inducible phage and type species of the genus lambda-like viruses, in the family SIPHOVIRIDAE. Its natural host is E. coli K12. Its VIRION contains linear double-stranded DNA with single-stranded 12-base 5' sticky ends. The DNA circularizes on infection.Molecular Dynamics Simulation: A computer simulation developed to study the motion of molecules over a period of time.Coniferophyta: A plant division of GYMNOSPERMS consisting of cone-bearing trees and shrubs.Viral Proteins: Proteins found in any species of virus.Tyrosine-tRNA Ligase: An enzyme that activates tyrosine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.1.Hepatitis Delta Virus: A defective virus, containing particles of RNA nucleoprotein in virion-like form, present in patients with acute hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis. It requires the presence of a hepadnavirus for full replication. This is the lone species in the genus Deltavirus.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Mycoplasma capricolum: A genus in the family ENTOMOPLASMATACEAE, order Entomoplasmatales. It is pathogenic to GOATS, causing caprine pleuropneumonia (PLEUROPNEUMONIA, CONTAGIOUS).Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Dominica: An island republic of the West Indies. Its capital is Roseau. It was discovered in 1493 by Columbus and held at different times by the French and the British in the 18th century. A member of the West Indies Federation, it achieved internal self-government in 1967 but became independent in 1978. It was named by Columbus who discovered it on Sunday, Domingo in Spanish, from the Latin Dominica dies, the Lord's Day. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)Monoiodotyrosine: A product from the iodination of tyrosine. In the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones (THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE), tyrosine is first iodized to monoiodotyrosine.Cell-Free System: A fractionated cell extract that maintains a biological function. A subcellular fraction isolated by ultracentrifugation or other separation techniques must first be isolated so that a process can be studied free from all of the complex side reactions that occur in a cell. The cell-free system is therefore widely used in cell biology. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p166)Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Hepatitis delta Antigens: Antigens produced by various strains of HEPATITIS D VIRUS.Viral Tail Proteins: Proteins found in the tail sections of DNA and RNA viruses. It is believed that these proteins play a role in directing chain folding and assembly of polypeptide chains.Arthropods: Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.Resins, Plant: Flammable, amorphous, vegetable products of secretion or disintegration, usually formed in special cavities of plants. They are generally insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, carbon tetrachloride, ether, or volatile oils. They are fusible and have a conchoidal fracture. They are the oxidation or polymerization products of the terpenes, and are mixtures of aromatic acids and esters. Most are soft and sticky, but harden after exposure to cold. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Cupressus: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE. Cypress ordinarily refers to this but also forms part of the name of plants in other genera.Salmonella Phages: Viruses whose host is Salmonella. A frequently encountered Salmonella phage is BACTERIOPHAGE P22.Chromosomes, Bacterial: Structures within the nucleus of bacterial cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Recombination, Genetic: Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.DimethylaminesBacteriophage T4: Virulent bacteriophage and type species of the genus T4-like phages, in the family MYOVIRIDAE. It infects E. coli and is the best known of the T-even phages. Its virion contains linear double-stranded DNA, terminally redundant and circularly permuted.RNA Editing: A process that changes the nucleotide sequence of mRNA from that of the DNA template encoding it. Some major classes of RNA editing are as follows: 1, the conversion of cytosine to uracil in mRNA; 2, the addition of variable number of guanines at pre-determined sites; and 3, the addition and deletion of uracils, templated by guide-RNAs (RNA, GUIDE).Myanmar: A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)F Factor: A plasmid whose presence in the cell, either extrachromosomal or integrated into the BACTERIAL CHROMOSOME, determines the "sex" of the bacterium, host chromosome mobilization, transfer via conjugation (CONJUGATION, GENETIC) of genetic material, and the formation of SEX PILI.Genes, Lethal: Genes whose loss of function or gain of function MUTATION leads to the death of the carrier prior to maturity. They may be essential genes (GENES, ESSENTIAL) required for viability, or genes which cause a block of function of an essential gene at a time when the essential gene function is required for viability.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.DNA Restriction Enzymes: Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They catalyze the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA sequences which lack the species-specific methylation pattern in the host cell's DNA. Cleavage yields random or specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. The function of restriction enzymes is to destroy any foreign DNA that invades the host cell. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms. They are also used as tools for the systematic dissection and mapping of chromosomes, in the determination of base sequences of DNAs, and have made it possible to splice and recombine genes from one organism into the genome of another. EC 3.21.1.Mutagens: Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.DNA Replication: The process by which a DNA molecule is duplicated.RNA, Transfer, Asp: A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying aspartic acid to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.Hepatitis Antigens: Antigens from any of the hepatitis viruses including surface, core, and other associated antigens.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Operon: In bacteria, a group of metabolically related genes, with a common promoter, whose transcription into a single polycistronic MESSENGER RNA is under the control of an OPERATOR REGION.Bacteriophage phi X 174: The type species of the genus MICROVIRUS. A prototype of the small virulent DNA coliphages, it is composed of a single strand of supercoiled circular DNA, which on infection, is converted to a double-stranded replicative form by a host enzyme.RNA, Transfer, Leu: A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying leucine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.Eukaryota: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.Bacteriophages: Viruses whose hosts are bacterial cells.Streptomycin: An antibiotic produced by the soil actinomycete Streptomyces griseus. It acts by inhibiting the initiation and elongation processes during protein synthesis.Centrifugation, Density Gradient: Separation of particles according to density by employing a gradient of varying densities. At equilibrium each particle settles in the gradient at a point equal to its density. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Glutamine: A non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and is involved in many metabolic processes. It is synthesized from GLUTAMIC ACID and AMMONIA. It is the principal carrier of NITROGEN in the body and is an important energy source for many cells.Genes, Regulator: Genes which regulate or circumscribe the activity of other genes; specifically, genes which code for PROTEINS or RNAs which have GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION functions.Virus Replication: The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Feathers: Flat keratinous structures found on the skin surface of birds. Feathers are made partly of a hollow shaft fringed with barbs. They constitute the plumage.Cytochromes c1: The 30-kDa membrane-bound c-type cytochrome protein of mitochondria that functions as an electron donor to CYTOCHROME C GROUP in the mitochondrial and bacterial RESPIRATORY CHAIN. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p545)Transformation, Genetic: Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.Salmonella typhimurium: A serotype of Salmonella enterica that is a frequent agent of Salmonella gastroenteritis in humans. It also causes PARATYPHOID FEVER.Genes, Synthetic: Biologically functional sequences of DNA chemically synthesized in vitro.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Quantum Theory: The theory that the radiation and absorption of energy take place in definite quantities called quanta (E) which vary in size and are defined by the equation E=hv in which h is Planck's constant and v is the frequency of the radiation.Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.RNA, Transfer, Met: A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying methionine to sites on the ribosomes. During initiation of protein synthesis, tRNA(f)Met in prokaryotic cells and tRNA(i)Met in eukaryotic cells binds to the start codon (CODON, INITIATOR).Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Insects: The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)Conjugation, Genetic: A parasexual process in BACTERIA; ALGAE; FUNGI; and ciliate EUKARYOTA for achieving exchange of chromosome material during fusion of two cells. In bacteria, this is a uni-directional transfer of genetic material; in protozoa it is a bi-directional exchange. In algae and fungi, it is a form of sexual reproduction, with the union of male and female gametes.Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.RNA, Bacterial: Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Hydrogen Bonding: A low-energy attractive force between hydrogen and another element. It plays a major role in determining the properties of water, proteins, and other compounds.Terminator Regions, Genetic: DNA sequences recognized as signals to end GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION.Ultraviolet Rays: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum immediately below the visible range and extending into the x-ray frequencies. The longer wavelengths (near-UV or biotic or vital rays) are necessary for the endogenous synthesis of vitamin D and are also called antirachitic rays; the shorter, ionizing wavelengths (far-UV or abiotic or extravital rays) are viricidal, bactericidal, mutagenic, and carcinogenic and are used as disinfectants.Caenorhabditis: A genus of small free-living nematodes. Two species, CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS and C. briggsae are much used in studies of genetics, development, aging, muscle chemistry, and neuroanatomy.2-Aminopurine: A purine that is an isomer of ADENINE (6-aminopurine).TritiumChloramphenicol: An antibiotic first isolated from cultures of Streptomyces venequelae in 1947 but now produced synthetically. It has a relatively simple structure and was the first broad-spectrum antibiotic to be discovered. It acts by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis and is mainly bacteriostatic. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p106)Carbon Isotopes: Stable carbon atoms that have the same atomic number as the element carbon, but differ in atomic weight. C-13 is a stable carbon isotope.Phenylalanine: An essential aromatic amino acid that is a precursor of MELANIN; DOPAMINE; noradrenalin (NOREPINEPHRINE), and THYROXINE.Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Plant Viruses: Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.Methyltransferases: A subclass of enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the transfer of a methyl group from one compound to another. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 2.1.1.Genetic Engineering: Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Lysine: An essential amino acid. It is often added to animal feed.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Bacteriolysis: Rupture of bacterial cells due to mechanical force, chemical action, or the lytic growth of BACTERIOPHAGES.Acylation: The addition of an organic acid radical into a molecule.Archaeal Proteins: Proteins found in any species of archaeon.Base Pairing: Pairing of purine and pyrimidine bases by HYDROGEN BONDING in double-stranded DNA or RNA.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Peptide Chain Initiation, Translational: A process of GENETIC TRANSLATION whereby the formation of a peptide chain is started. It includes assembly of the RIBOSOME components, the MESSENGER RNA coding for the polypeptide to be made, INITIATOR TRNA, and PEPTIDE INITIATION FACTORS; and placement of the first amino acid in the peptide chain. The details and components of this process are unique for prokaryotic protein biosynthesis and eukaryotic protein biosynthesis.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Molecular Biology: A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Restriction Mapping: Use of restriction endonucleases to analyze and generate a physical map of genomes, genes, or other segments of DNA.ThymineDNA, Recombinant: Biologically active DNA which has been formed by the in vitro joining of segments of DNA from different sources. It includes the recombination joint or edge of a heteroduplex region where two recombining DNA molecules are connected.Escherichia coli Proteins: Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases: Enzymes that catalyze DNA template-directed extension of the 3'-end of an RNA strand one nucleotide at a time. They can initiate a chain de novo. In eukaryotes, three forms of the enzyme have been distinguished on the basis of sensitivity to alpha-amanitin, and the type of RNA synthesized. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992).Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Transferases: Transferases are enzymes transferring a group, for example, the methyl group or a glycosyl group, from one compound (generally regarded as donor) to another compound (generally regarded as acceptor). The classification is based on the scheme "donor:acceptor group transferase". (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Tetracycline: A naphthacene antibiotic that inhibits AMINO ACYL TRNA binding during protein synthesis.beta-Galactosidase: A group of enzymes that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-galactosides. Deficiency of beta-Galactosidase A1 may cause GANGLIOSIDOSIS, GM1.Rauscher Virus: A strain of MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS associated with mouse tumors similar to those caused by the FRIEND MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. It is a replication-competent murine leukemia virus. It can act as a helper virus when complexing with a defective transforming component, RAUSCHER SPLEEN FOCUS-FORMING VIRUS.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Alberta: A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)Static Electricity: The accumulation of an electric charge on a objectPeptides: Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.Phosphorus Isotopes: Stable phosphorus atoms that have the same atomic number as the element phosphorus, but differ in atomic weight. P-31 is a stable phosphorus isotope.Galactosidases: A family of galactoside hydrolases that hydrolyze compounds with an O-galactosyl linkage. EC 3.2.1.-.Protein Engineering: Procedures by which protein structure and function are changed or created in vitro by altering existing or synthesizing new structural genes that direct the synthesis of proteins with sought-after properties. Such procedures may include the design of MOLECULAR MODELS of proteins using COMPUTER GRAPHICS or other molecular modeling techniques; site-specific mutagenesis (MUTAGENESIS, SITE-SPECIFIC) of existing genes; and DIRECTED MOLECULAR EVOLUTION techniques to create new genes.Tyrosine: A non-essential amino acid. In animals it is synthesized from PHENYLALANINE. It is also the precursor of EPINEPHRINE; THYROID HORMONES; and melanin.Deoxyribonucleases: Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolases of ester bonds within DNA. EC 3.1.-.Methylnitronitrosoguanidine: A nitrosoguanidine derivative with potent mutagenic and carcinogenic properties.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Viral Plaque Assay: Method for measuring viral infectivity and multiplication in CULTURED CELLS. Clear lysed areas or plaques develop as the VIRAL PARTICLES are released from the infected cells during incubation. With some VIRUSES, the cells are killed by a cytopathic effect; with others, the infected cells are not killed but can be detected by their hemadsorptive ability. Sometimes the plaque cells contain VIRAL ANTIGENS which can be measured by IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE.Leucine: An essential branched-chain amino acid important for hemoglobin formation.Tryptophan: An essential amino acid that is necessary for normal growth in infants and for NITROGEN balance in adults. It is a precursor of INDOLE ALKALOIDS in plants. It is a precursor of SEROTONIN (hence its use as an antidepressant and sleep aid). It can be a precursor to NIACIN, albeit inefficiently, in mammals.Muramidase: A basic enzyme that is present in saliva, tears, egg white, and many animal fluids. It functions as an antibacterial agent. The enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrin. EC 3.2.1.17.Open Reading Frames: A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).Oligodeoxyribonucleotides: A group of deoxyribonucleotides (up to 12) in which the phosphate residues of each deoxyribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the deoxyribose moieties.Mutagenesis, Site-Directed: Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.Mutagenesis, Insertional: Mutagenesis where the mutation is caused by the introduction of foreign DNA sequences into a gene or extragenic sequence. This may occur spontaneously in vivo or be experimentally induced in vivo or in vitro. Proviral DNA insertions into or adjacent to a cellular proto-oncogene can interrupt GENETIC TRANSLATION of the coding sequences or interfere with recognition of regulatory elements and cause unregulated expression of the proto-oncogene resulting in tumor formation.RNA Viruses: Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.Simian virus 40: A species of POLYOMAVIRUS originally isolated from Rhesus monkey kidney tissue. It produces malignancy in human and newborn hamster kidney cell cultures.DNA Transposable Elements: Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.Base Composition: The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)Structure-Activity Relationship: The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.ThymidineMolecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Molecular Conformation: The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.Ribosomes: Multicomponent ribonucleoprotein structures found in the CYTOPLASM of all cells, and in MITOCHONDRIA, and PLASTIDS. They function in PROTEIN BIOSYNTHESIS via GENETIC TRANSLATION.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Mutagenesis: Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS.Adenosine Deaminase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ADENOSINE to INOSINE with the elimination of AMMONIA.Gene Expression Regulation, Viral: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic factors influence the differential control of gene action in viruses.Protein Structure, Secondary: The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.Endonucleases: Enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of the internal bonds and thereby the formation of polynucleotides or oligonucleotides from ribo- or deoxyribonucleotide chains. EC 3.1.-.Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular: NMR spectroscopy on small- to medium-size biological macromolecules. This is often used for structural investigation of proteins and nucleic acids, and often involves more than one isotope.DNA Polymerase I: A DNA-dependent DNA polymerase characterized in prokaryotes and may be present in higher organisms. It has both 3'-5' and 5'-3' exonuclease activity, but cannot use native double-stranded DNA as template-primer. It is not inhibited by sulfhydryl reagents and is active in both DNA synthesis and repair. EC 2.7.7.7.Histidine: An essential amino acid that is required for the production of HISTAMINE.Protein Folding: Processes involved in the formation of TERTIARY PROTEIN STRUCTURE.Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid: The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Drug Resistance, Microbial: The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase: An enzyme that catalyzes the acetylation of chloramphenicol to yield chloramphenicol 3-acetate. Since chloramphenicol 3-acetate does not bind to bacterial ribosomes and is not an inhibitor of peptidyltransferase, the enzyme is responsible for the naturally occurring chloramphenicol resistance in bacteria. The enzyme, for which variants are known, is found in both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. EC 2.3.1.28.Chromatography: Techniques used to separate mixtures of substances based on differences in the relative affinities of the substances for mobile and stationary phases. A mobile phase (fluid or gas) passes through a column containing a stationary phase of porous solid or liquid coated on a solid support. Usage is both analytical for small amounts and preparative for bulk amounts.Ribosomal Proteins: Proteins found in ribosomes. They are believed to have a catalytic function in reconstituting biologically active ribosomal subunits.Solutions: The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Genetic Vectors: DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.

Spirochete and protist symbionts of a termite (Mastotermes electrodominicus) in Miocene amber. (1/41)

Extraordinary preservation in amber of the Miocene termite Mastotermes electrodominicus has led to the discovery of fossil symbiotic microbes. Spirochete bacteria and wood-digesting protists were identified in the intestinal tissue of the insect. Fossil wood (xylem: developing vessel-element cells, fibers, pit connections), protists (most likely xylophagic amitochondriates), an endospore (probably of the filamentous intestinal bacterium Arthromitus = Bacillus), and large spirochetes were seen in thin section by light and transmission electron microscopy. The intestinal microbiota of the living termite Mastotermes darwiniensis, a genus now restricted to northern Australia, markedly resembles that preserved in amber. This is a direct observation of a 20-million-year-old xylophagus termite fossil microbial community.  (+info)

Description of Pintomyia (Pifanomyia) Falcaorum sp. n. (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae), a fossil sand fly from dominican amber. (2/41)

A new species of sand fly, Pintomyia (Pifanomyia) falcaorum is described from an amber originated from the northern mountain range of Dominican Republic. The male sand fly specimen is well preserved and most features used in Phlebotominae taxonomy are seen with remarkable clarity.  (+info)

Extinction and biogeography in the Caribbean: new evidence from a fossil riodinid butterfly in Dominican amber. (3/41)

We describe a new species of extinct riodinid butterfly, Voltinia dramba, from Oligo-Miocene Dominican amber (15-25 Myr ago). This appears to be the first butterfly to be taxonomically described from amber, and the first adult riodinid fossil. The series of five specimens represents probably the best-preserved fossil record for any lepidopteran. The phenomenon of extant Voltinia females ovipositing on arboreal epiphytes probably explains the discovery of multiple female V. dramba specimens in amber. Voltinia dramba appears to be one of many extinct butterfly species on Hispaniola. The northwestern Mexican distribution of the explicitly hypothesized sister species, the extant V. danforthi, supports the hypothesis that V. dramba reached Hispaniola by the 'proto-Greater Antillean arc', dating the divergence of V. dramba and V. danforthi to 40-50 Myr ago. This date is contemporaneous with the oldest known butterfly fossils, and implies a more ancient date of origin for many of the higher-level butterfly taxa than is often conceded.  (+info)

Ancient genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (4/41)

Amber is a plant resin mainly produced by coniferous trees that, after entrapping a variety of living beings, was subjected to a process of fossilization until it turned into yellowish, translucent stones. It is also one of the best sources of ancient DNA on which to perform studies on evolution. Here a method for the sterilization of amber that allows reliable ancient DNA extraction with no actual DNA contamination is described. Working with insects taken from amber, it was possible to amplify the ATP9, PGU1 and rRNA18S ancient genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae corresponding to samples from the Miocene and Oligocene. After comparison of the current genes with their ancient (up to 35-40 million years) counterparts it was concluded that essential genes such as rRNA18S are highly conserved and that even normal 'house-keeping' genes, such as PGU1, are strikingly conserved along the millions of years that S. cerevisiae has evolved.  (+info)

Cellular fine structures and histochemical reactions in the tissue of a cypress twig preserved in Baltic amber. (5/41)

A twig of a cypress plant preserved for ca. 45 Myr in Baltic amber was analysed by light and electron microscopy. Cross-sections of the whole plant showed an almost intact tissue of the entire stem and leaves, revealing, to our knowledge, the oldest and most highly preserved tissue from an amber inclusion reported so far. The preparations are based on a new technique of internal imbedding, whereby the hollow spaces within the inclusion are filled with synthetic resin which stabilizes the cellular structures during the sectioning procedure. Cytological stains applied to the sections reacted with cell walls and nuclei. A strong green auto-fluorescence of the cuticle and the resin canals in the leaves was observed. Transmission electron micrographs revealed highly preserved fine structures of cell walls, membranes and organelles. The results were compared with taxonomically related recent Glyptostrobus and Juniperus plants.  (+info)

First identifiable Mesozoic harvestman (Opiliones: Dyspnoi) from Cretaceous Burmese amber. (6/41)

Two inclusions in a piece of Upper Cretaceous (Albian) Burmese amber from Myanmar are described as a harvestman (Arachnida: Opiliones), Halitherses grimaldii new genus and species. The first Mesozoic harvestman to be named can be referred to the suborder Dyspnoi for the following reasons: prosoma divided into two regions, the posterior formed by the fusion of the meso- and metapeltidium; palp lacking a terminal claw, with clavate setae, and tarsus considerably shorter than the tibia. The bilobed, anteriorly projecting ocular tubercle is reminiscent of that of ortholasmatine nemastomatids. The status of other Mesozoic fossils referred to Opiliones is briefly reviewed.  (+info)

Early Cretaceous spider web with its prey. (7/41)

The orb web is a spectacular evolutionary innovation that enables spiders to catch flying prey. This elegant, geometric structure is woven with silk fibers that are renowned for their superior mechanical properties. We used silk gland expression libraries to address a long-standing controversy concerning the evolution of the orb-web architecture. Contrary to the view that the orb-web design evolved multiple times, we found that the distribution and phylogeny of silk proteins support a single, ancient origin of the orb web at least 136 million years ago. Furthermore, we substantially expanded the repository of silk sequences that can be used for the synthesis of high-performance biomaterials.  (+info)

Amber from western Amazonia reveals Neotropical diversity during the middle Miocene. (8/41)

Tertiary insects and arachnids have been virtually unknown from the vast western Amazonian basin. We report here the discovery of amber from this region containing a diverse fossil arthropod fauna (13 hexapod families and 3 arachnid species) and abundant microfossil inclusions (pollen, spores, algae, and cyanophyceae). This unique fossil assemblage, recovered from middle Miocene deposits of northeastern Peru, greatly increases the known diversity of Cenozoic tropical-equatorial arthropods and microorganisms and provides insights into the biogeography and evolutionary history of modern Neotropical biota. It also strengthens evidence for the presence of more modern, high-diversity tropical rainforest ecosystems during the middle Miocene in western Amazonia.  (+info)

*Baltic amber

Further study of insect taxa in the ambers has shown Bitterfeld amber to be from the same forest as the Baltic amber forest, ... "Russia: Amber covers beach after storm". BBC. 9 January 2015. "Amber mining". Amber Museum Kaliningrad. Dunlop, J. A.; Giribet ... "Baltic amber" was formerly thought to include amber from the Bitterfeld brown coal mines in Saxony (Eastern Germany). ... The Baltic region is home to the largest known deposit of amber, called Baltic amber or succinite. It dates from 44 million ...

*Amber

This kind of amber is known as "bony amber". Although all Dominican amber is fluorescent, the rarest Dominican amber is blue ... Much of the most highly prized amber is transparent, in contrast to the very common cloudy amber and opaque amber. Opaque amber ... Other uncommon colors include red amber (sometimes known as "cherry amber"), green amber, and even blue amber, which is rare ... "amber colophony", or "amber pitch"; when dissolved in oil of turpentine or in linseed oil this forms "amber varnish" or "amber ...

*Amber Brock

... (born January 14, 1980) is an American author known for her novel, A Fine Imitation. She also teaches English, ... A Fine Imitation is Amber Brock's debut novel. Before its release, A Fine Imitation was featured in Atlanta Magazine, Harper's ... Amber Brock. "A FINE IMITATION". Kirkus Reviews. Retrieved 14 May 2016. "A Fine Imitation". historicalnovelsociety.org. ... Amber Brock: 9781101905111: Amazon.com: Books". amazon.com. Retrieved 14 May 2016. "Atlanta Girls' School: Home". ...

*Amber Gell

"2014 Lockheed Martin Fireside Chat with Amber Gell". conradawards.com. Retrieved 23 August 2015. Maxey, Gerry. "Amber Gell In ... Amber has served as a judge for the FIRST Robotics Competition at the Wisconsin Regional annually since 2008 and the FIRST ... Amber is a published author that has contributed to advancements in the Physiology field. Gell has given presentations on her ... Amber was also a judge for the FIRST Robotics Competition at the Wisconsin Regional and FIRST Championship events in 2016. ...

*Amber Sherlock

"Amber Sherlock". Nine News. Retrieved 14 July 2012. "22 Management - Amber Sherlock". Retrieved 2012-07-15. Horton, Shelly (23 ... In June 2010, Amber gave birth to a daughter. She went into labour while on air during Weekend Today. In April 2014, Sherlock ... Amber Simone Sherlock (born 1 December 1975,[citation needed] née Higlett) is an Australian journalist, television news ... Bervanakis, Maria (2017-01-16). "Amber Sherlock and Julie Snook video: The laughing stock of Jimmy Kimmel Live!". -News.com.au ...

*Amber Calling

Note: Interview is with Amber Calling member Mike Jones who has a brother Dave. Smith, Jakeb (24 August 2009). "Amber Calling ... Aphelion (Clancy) (12 August 2008). "Have a Sticky Beak at Amber Calling". PostOp. Retrieved 12 September 2012. "Amber Calling ... Amber Calling are a pop-punk and emo band which formed in Adelaide in 2005 as 919 by Adrian Porcaro on bass guitar and his ... Amber Calling are an Australian pop punk and emo band from Adelaide, which formed in 2005 as 919. They issued an extended play ...

*Amber Thomas

search for "Amber Thomas") Cryderman, Alf (26 June 2013). "Amber Thomas - being blind doesn't mean you lack vision". Red Deer ... Amber Thomas (born November 17, 1993) is a Canadian swimmer. She lost her sight at ten years old due to a brain tumour and is ... "Amber Thomas". Canadian Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 9 December 2014. Infostrada Sports. "Biographies". International ...

*Amber Maximus

As of 20 October 2016 URBSFA, KBVB -. "Amber Maximus". static.belgianfootball.be. Amber Maximus at Soccerway. ... Amber Maximus (born 12 January 1997) is a Belgian footballer. She plays as a forward for Gent and the Belgium women's national ...

*Amber Yobech

Amber Sikosang Yobech (born January 27, 1991) is a Palauan swimmer, who specialized in sprint freestyle events. At age ... "Amber Yobech". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 24 November 2012. "Swimming: Women's 50m ...

*Amber Lily

... Solberg (born January 18, 1997), better known as simply Amber Lily, is an American singer, actress, and dancer from ... "Don't Know What To Do" is the latest single by Amber Lily. It was written by Amber Lily, Ben Charles, and Brian Malouf. It was ... Amber Lily did not win the competition, but has been featured on Radio Disney's channel, the same thing happens with Alex Cook ... Amber Lily was signed to Island Def Jam Digital Distribution in late 2010 or early 2011. With them she recorded her second ...

*Amber Torrealba

"Amber Torrealba , Professional Skimboarder , Official Website of Professional Skimboarder Amber Torrealba". Amber Torrealba , ... Amber Torrealba (born July 1, 1990) is a professional skimboarder. Amber was born and raised on the east coast in Melbourne, ... Amber is also actively involved in videography and the production of content in many other action sports. In 2015 she was ... "Amber Torrealba Is Too Real". Hitcase. Retrieved 2016-08-30. "2015 Women's Points Standings". United Skim Tour. Retrieved 2016- ...

*Amber Merritt

"Player Statistics for Amber Merritt (4.5)". Retrieved 21 July 2013. Interview with Australian Glider - Amber Merritt - June ... Amber Merritt (born 17 February 1993) is a 4.5-point wheelchair basketball player who plays forward. She represented Australia ... "Australia's Amber Merritt - Yahoo! Eurosport". Opta-widget.eurosport.yahoo.net. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013 ... "Amber Merritt". Australia: Australian Paralympic Committee. 2012. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 13 ...

*Amber Neben

... 's official web site Amber Neben's team (Dutch/English language) CAS arbitration ruling in Amber Neben case (pdf ... "Amber Neben Team Profile". Team Flexpoint. Archived from the original on August 8, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-08. "Amber Neben - ... Amber Neben (born February 18, 1975) is an American racing cyclist who won the UCI world time trial championship in 2016 and ... "Amber Neben". USA Cycling. Retrieved 15 April 2015. "Cycling - Women's Road Race". Yahoo!. Retrieved 2008-08-11. "Neben wins ...

*Amber Asylum

... , biography, AllMusic. Accessed on line December 2, 2007. Discography from official web site. Website Amber Asylum ... Amber Asylum is a highly variable San Francisco-based music group that serves as a platform for composer, singer, and multi- ... "Amber Asylum". MusicMight. Retrieved May 25, 2010. Release Entertainment biography. House of Tudor, Silke Tudor, SF Weekly, ... Frozen in Amber (1996, Elfenblut/Misanthropy) (reissued 2003, Neurot Recordings) The Natural Philosophy of Love (1997, Relapse ...

*Calumma amber

"Calumma amber Raxworthy and Nussbaum, 2006". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 19 August 2013. "Calumma amber". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. ... Calumma amber, commonly known as the Amber Mountain chameleon, is a species of chameleon endemic to Antsiranana Province, ... "Calumma amber". www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved 19 August 2013. "Calumma amber". reptile-database.reptarium.cz. Retrieved 19 ...

*Amber Campbell

... www.iaaf.org/athletes/united-states/amber-campbell-181692 Amber Campbell profile at IAAF Amber Campbell Athletics profile. ... Amber Campbell (born June 5, 1981 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American hammer thrower. Campbell attended Coastal Carolina ... Amber Campbell. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2013-10-27. http://www.indystar.com/story/sports/olympics/rio-2016/2016/08/12/ ...

*Amber Cowan

"Amber Cowan (2014) , Corning Museum of Glass". www.cmog.org. Retrieved 2017-03-11. "Amber Cowan Sculpture & Glass". ambercowan. ... "Vintage Pressed Glass Sculptures with a Flourish of Detail by Amber Cowan". Colossal. 2016-08-29. Retrieved 2017-03-11. "Amber ... Amber Cowan's work can be found in the following museum permanent collections: The Corning Museum of Glass: Garden of the ... Amber Cowan (born 1981) is an American glass artist and educator living and working in Philadelphia. Cowan specializes in fused ...

*Amber Joiner

"Amber Joiner's Biography". Project VoteSmart. Retrieved November 29, 2017. Damon, Anjeanette (December 29, 2014). "Amber Joiner ... Amber Joiner (born 1976) is a Democratic member of the Nevada Assembly. First appointed in 2014, she was elected to a full term ... "Washoe Commissioners Appoint Amber Joiner to Assembly District 24 Seat". KTVN. December 30, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2017. ... Ryan, Cy (November 27, 2017). "Assemblywoman Amber Joiner won't seek re-election". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved November 29, 2017. ...

*Amber Yang

... is an American student at Stanford University. While a senior in high school, she won the $50,000 Intel Foundation ... In March 2017, Amber was named as a finalist for the Regeneron Science Talent Search, the oldest and most prestigious high ... In 2017, Amber was featured on Forbes Magazine's "30 Under 30" list for science. The magazine attributes her spot on the list ...

*Amber Holland

Website Official Twitter Page Amber Holland on the World Curling Tour database Amber Holland on the CurlingZone database Amber ... "Amber Holland wins Ford Hot Shots but loses opener to PEI at Scotties". PEI Curling. Retrieved 2011-02-28. Cameron, Allan (2011 ... Amber Holland (born July 10, 1974 in Yorkton, Saskatchewan) is a Canadian curler from Loreburn, Saskatchewan. Holland skipped ... "Team Holland Profile". Amber Holland Rink. Retrieved 2011-02-27. [permanent dead link] McCormick, Murray (2011-02-17). "Sask.'s ...

*Amber Jackson

"Amber Jackson Bio". Bcuathletics.com. Retrieved 2014-11-19. "Amber Jackson Named To All-ACC First Team". Umterps.com. 2007-05- ... Amber Jackson (born June 27, 1984) is an African-American, former collegiate All-American and retired 3-time pro All-Star left- ... "Amber Jackson Tabbed As New DSU Softball Coach". Dsuhornets.com. 2014-10-08. Retrieved 2014-11-19. NCAA Division I softball ... "Amber Jackson Named To Two All-America Teams". Umterps.com. 2007-05-31. Retrieved 2014-11-19. "2011 Atlantic Coast Conference ...

*Amber Littlejohn

... (born July 6, 1975) is an American bodybuilder. She was an IFBB professional figure competitor from the United ... Olympia, 6th List of female fitness & figure competitors News America Now (2007). "Profiles: Amber Littlejohn". Muscle Memory. ... Pictures and Competitive History Amber Littlejohn's Competitive History. ... Take them to middle school with IFBB figure pro Amber Littlejohn's smart and effective workout". Muscle and Fitness. Retrieved ...

*Amber Dotson

"Amber Dotson biography". Country Music Television. Retrieved 2008-06-14. Amber Dotson official website. ... Amber Dotson (born in Garland, Texas) is an American country music artist. Initially a songwriter for Sony/Tree Publishing, ... "Amber Dotson biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2008-06-14. My Honky Tonk History (Media notes). Travis Tritt. Columbia Records ...

*Amber Kaldor

... is an Australian female acrobatic gymnast. With partners Mei Hubnik and Madison Chan, Kaldor achieved 15th in the ... "Amber Kaldor Profile". Gymnastics Australia. Retrieved July 18, 2014. "Results of the 2014 Acrobatic Gymnastics World ...

*Amber Hill

The name Amber Hill reputedly comes from the village standing on a seam of amber coloured gravel. Amber Hill was a plot of 30 ... "Amber Hill Parish". Lincolnshire County Council. Retrieved 9 May 2011. "Lincs To The Past". Amber Hill Tower Mill. Lincolnshire ... "Amber Hill Parish". Lincolnshire County Council. Retrieved 9 May 2011. "Lincs To The Past". Settlement of Amber Hill. ... "Amber Hill Parish". Amber Hill Drainage Scoop Wheel. Lincolnshire County Council. Retrieved 9 May 2011. "British Listed ...
... is a type of potassic volcanic rock best known for sometimes containing diamonds. It is named after the town of Kimberley in South Africa, where the discovery of an 83.5-carat (16.7 g) diamond in 1871 spawned a diamond rush, eventually creating the Big Hole.. Kimberlite occurs in the Earths crust in vertical structures known as kimberlite pipes. Kimberlite pipes are the most important source of mined diamonds today. The consensus on kimberlites is that they are formed deep within the mantle. Formation occurs at depths between 150 and 450 kilometres (93 and 280 mi), from anomalously enriched exotic mantle compositions, and are erupted rapidly and violently, often with considerable carbon dioxide and other volatile components. It is this depth of melting and generation which makes kimberlites prone to hosting diamond xenocrysts.. Kimberlite has attracted more attention than its relative volume might suggest that it deserves. This is largely because it serves as a carrier of diamonds ...
The Baltic region is home to the largest known deposit of amber, called Baltic amber or succinite. It dates from 44 million years ago (during the Eocene epoch).[1] It has been estimated that these forests created more than 100,000 tons of amber.[2] Today, more than 90% of the worlds amber comes from Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia. It is a major source of income for the region; the local Kaliningrad Amber Combine extracted 250 tonnes of it in 2014,[3] 400 tonnes in 2015.[4]. "Baltic amber" formerly thought to include amber from the Bitterfeld brown coal mines in Saxony (Eastern Germany). Bitterfeld amber was previously believed to be only 20-22 million years old (Miocene), but a comparison of the animal inclusions in 2003 suggested that it was possibly Baltic amber that was redeposited in a Miocene deposit.[5] Further study of insect taxa in the ambers has shown Bitterfeld amber to be from the same forest as the Baltic amber forest, but separately deposited from a more southerly section, in a ...
A new genus and species of Snail-killing flies, Dominimyza tanyacaena, n. gen., n. sp. (Diptera: Sciomyzidae) is described from Dominican amber. Diagnostic characters for Dominimyza include a propleuron with a strong bristle, an elongate porrect flagellum with a long, finely pubescent arista, divergent ocellar, post-ocellar and outer vertical bristles, convergent inner vertical bristles, two pairs of frontal-orbital bristles, scutellum with two pairs of marginal scutellar bristles, vallar bristles present, a strong bristle present near the middle of the anterior face of the mid-femora, a clear wing with fuscous areas, A₁ fading as it nears the wing margin, R₁ extending apicad of the anterior crossvein and the absence of preapical bristles on the fore tibia. This is the first description of a Snail-killing fly in Dominican amber ...
Two new semiaquatic bugs of the families Mesoveliidae and Gerridae are described from the Middle Miocene Dominican amber, Mesovelia dominicana sp.n. and Miohebrus anderseni gen.n., sp.n. The former is the first fossil record of the extant genus Mesovelia and the second described fossil of the family Mesoveliidae (the first mesoveliid fossil record was from undescribed fossils in French Cretaceous amber). The latter is the second described fossil Hebridae.
The 99-million-year-old frogs come from the same amber deposits in northern Myanmar that have produced many exquisite fossils, including a dinosaur tail, a couple of baby birds, intact bird wings, and countless insects. Bits of bamboo, velvet worms, and aquatic spiders also found in this amber suggest that the Cretaceous environment was a rain forest, since similar species are commonly found in wet tropical forests today. ...
A new genus and species are described within the extinct tribe Haidomyrmecini, and tentatively placed within the subfamily Sphecomyrminae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Haidoterminus cippus new genus and species expands the distribution of the bizarre, exclusively Cretaceous, trap-jawed Haidomyrmecini beyond their previous records in mid-Cretaceous Burmese and French amber, and into Laurentia. The new material from the Grassy Lake, Alberta, Canada collecting locality also provides evidence that these highly specialised, likely arboreal, ants persisted for an additional 20 million years, reaching the Late Cretaceous. Morphological features of H. cippus, such as the presence of an elongate antennomere II (pedicel), further support the argument that Haidomyrmecini may not actually belong within the subfamily Sphecomyrminae, and may warrant recognition at the subfamily level or inclusion as a highly autapomorphic clade within another subfamily. Despite the introduction of new fossil material, and the ...
... Healing Amber teething necklaces are an amber necklace for teething pain. Amber teething necklace for teething pain. Canadas best healing amber necklaces & teething necklaces in Canada
Just as the Mayan citadel looms over Tulums lush beachside paradise, a steep, mineral cliff of incense dominates the olfactory landscape of ,b,Copal Azur,/b,. Since copal resin cannot be used as a perfume ingredient, three different extractions of frankincense are used to conjure this luxurious fragrance - from top to base notes. Meanwhile amber, cardamom, patchouli, myrrh, ozonic and salty notes, enthused by fresh-water pools that riddle Yucatan, ensure a mesmerising trial. ...
All the images presented in the paper, except the enhanced version of figure 2, do not appear to be from living or recently dead specimens or body parts broken off such but specimens in advanced states of decay. Comparing the images with Collembola from Canadian and Burmese Cretaceous amber where much decay had occurred in many specimens, as well as with thousands of pitfall trap specimens in various states of decay, it is obvious with some security that the specimens shown in the photographs, if they are Collembola, are badly decayed. Therefore, since the specimens were freshly taken from new scrapings, "The finding of images from 18 of the 20 symptomatic study participants supports their contention that they have something crawling on or under their skin." is not supported, unless the other pictures are far better. Under the assumption that the best pictures were chosen for the article, this seems highly unlikely. If Collembola were crawling then the specimens should be part of living specimens ...
Amber has been the subject of scientific studies which clearly indicate therapeutic properties. Amber is the fossilised resin from prehistoric trees with some dating as far back as 50 million years ago. The resin would have been used by the tree itself as a natural antibiotic or for preservation. For centuries it has been worn as a natural remedy for pain relief. When amber is worn on the skin, heat releases minuscule amounts of healing oils which are absorbed into the bloodstream. Scientific findings show that amber is electromagnet, producing significant amounts of organic, purely natural energy. ...
Buy now Baltic amber teething necklace made of the highest quality polished cognac and butterscotch free form Baltic amber beads.
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even as the attacks started to fly from the peloton behind as the race entered the Old City of Baku. The game was finally up for the two leaders as the race crossed the finish line for a third time , 301 S. Friday. Elsie Lockes bookbut furniture falling is a persistent threat to climbing children and there will also be a musical tour through the Christmas customs of Britain.There will also be Christmas markets at the mac and a festive filmsaid. I had the privilege of serving with him in the House for six years. He worked hard for Alaska and even harder for Fairbanks. A charge of abandonment can be laid under either the Criminal Code or the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act. He urged anyone with information about the case to call the Kamloops SPCA at 376 7722. McKibbon would like to see the person responsible face some consequences. This lecture was all about going up! We firstly started off the lecture with reading definitions of contact improvisation which was interesting to see what other ...
Harold was Treasurer of Junior Achievement. The most important part of his life was family. He was an important role model for his children and grandchildren. Burial will be in Mt. Pleasant Cemetery. In lieu of flowers , and we have more policemen too. There are quite a few people live in Darwen and were not all deluded.People of Blackburn vote Jack Straw if you want another five years of crap from one of the most ineffectual and dishonest politicians ive known in my lifetime.Janet Anderson wont be Darwens MP come May. I urge the people of Blackburn to see sense and vote the idiot Straw out.Get rid of Labour they have destroyed this country.quotepbold/bold wrote: At least we can all sleep soundly in our beds at nighthe was given the book by an archbishop of the Episcopal Church around the time of The Last Temptation of Christ. This passion project stars Andrew Garfield borderline pornographic descriptions of savage violence couldn be filmed without alteration. And the impossibility of ...
University Relations is pleased to announce the latest winners of the Research Promotion Initiative. Each recipient will receive $1,000 to be used for his or her research. We encourage entries from all disciplines. For more information, including how to submit an entry, please go to http://identity.ufl.edu/rpi/. Dr. David Blackburn, Florida Museum of Natural History, "100 million-year-old fossil frogs in amber". Frogs have been around for more than 200 million years, but glimpsing their early heyday is tough. Often small and lightly built, frogs dont tend to preserve well and are poorly-represented in the fossil record compared with many other types of animals. Now, a new study presents the oldest frogs preserved in amber. These fossils, from the same Burmese amber deposits that produced a feathered dinosaur tail a couple of years ago, also provide the earliest direct evidence of frogs in wet, tropical forests. While we often associate frogs with tropical forests, we havent known how old that ...
The Strepsiptera are one of the strangest insect groups, little known to most people, and hardly seen even by entomologists unless they make a special effort to study them. All are obligate endoparasites in other insects and, as so often in parasitic groups, there are many unique morphological and biological adaptations. Their relationship to other orders is still not clear;
After rummaging through thousands of amber inclusions housed at the University of Alberta and the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology in Canada, researchers discovered 11 amber encased-feather fossils that provide the most detailed picture yet of early feather evolution.. 3 Comments. ...
Fossil onychophorans from Dominican and Baltic amber: Tertiaptus dominicanus n.g., n.sp. (Tertiapatidae n.fam.) and Succinipatopsis balticus n.g., n.sp. (Succinipatopsidae n.fam.) with a proposed classification of the subphylum Onychophora by George Poinar. In: Invertebrate Biology, v. 119, no. 1, p. 104-109, 2000 ...
A study to evaluate structural controls on the Buffalo Head Hills kimberlites in the Peerless Lake area of north-central Alberta was initiated because of the recognition of a set of north-trending lineaments that appear to be spatially correlated ... Show Abstract ...
Scientists who study why species vanish are increasingly looking for ancient DNA. They find it easily enough in the movies; remember the mosquito blood in
Scientists on Tuesday unveiled fossilized remains of one of the oldest and most complete skeletons of an early primate, a finding they say could further our understanding of what our own ancestors might have looked like.
Long before there were households, there were household pests.One of those ancient nuisances made history today, when scientists announced they have found the oldest strand of DNA ever examined,
The earliest known complete nervous system has been seen in the fossil of a never-before-described 500-million-year-old creature from China, scientists say.
FOSSIL animals discovered in some 540-million-year-old Arctic rocks may force biologists to rethink their ideas about the evolution of invertebrates.Accord
With nothing but a skull and a jawbone to study, UTs Computed Tomography, or CT, lab recently helped researchers classify two 38-million-year-old fossils as belonging to a group of animals called beardogs.
May 5, 2009-After a factory had found a 40-million-year-old whale fossil in a limestone kitchen counter, researchers investigated the stones fossil-packed quarry, which could shed light on the origins of African wildlife.
Sir David Attenborough has had yet another species named after him, Cascolus Ravitis, after a 430-million-year-old fossil was discovered in Hertfordshire.
A South African university has identified a three million-year-old skeleton that suggests early humans were spread across Africa.
A benign tumor made up of a mass of small toothlets is common in mammals today. But scientists were stunned to find one in a 225-million-year-old fossil.
Copal incense is the dried resin of the copal tree. It is Sacred to the Mayans and Aztecs of South and Central America. It is often added to love and purification incenses. Many use pieces of Copal to represent the heart in poppets.
The cortices of pieces of Cretaceous amber around the world commonly are constituted by networks of filamentous structures. Based on their morphological characteristics, such structures have previously been classified in different microorganismal groups. Their correct interpretation, however, is of great importance to establish the conditions of the resins burial in the forest litter, and can provide important clues regarding the ecology and environmental conditions of Cretaceous resinous forests. Because these networks of filamentous structures present typical fungal morphological features we conducted a study in order to resolve their origin. The cortices of several pieces of Cretaceous amber from Spain were examined using light and scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and confocal laser scanning microscopy. This is the first time that Calcofluor white and Wheat germ agglutinin conjugated with fluorescein isothiocyanate have been employed as fungal markers in ...
Dominican Republic Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Dominican-Republic/Government. "Dominican Republic Government Stats, NationMaster." 1844-2014. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Dominican-Republic/Government,.. Dominican Republic Government Stats, NationMaster, ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Dominican-Republic/Government, [assessed 1844-2014]. "Dominican Republic Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1844-2014. Avaliable from: ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Dominican-Republic/Government,.. "Dominican Republic Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1844-2014.. "Dominican Republic Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Dominican-Republic/Government (assessed 1844-2014). "Dominican Republic Government Stats", NationMaster, ...
About the copal, this is the biggest problem to get good substitute, because even we dont know what the original must be. The Zanzibar copal mentioned in Livache & McIntosh book, was taken out from Trachilobium Hornemannianum. I have looked at the internet and its in a same Hymenaea family. So it could not be very far from Manilla copal and there arent good alternative at the moment. I tried Mexican copal and other transparent resins from South America or Egypt and so on, but they dont dissolve in ethanol very well. Madagascar copal dissolves in Ethanol if it is left about 3 days in a warm room. The effect of fossilized resin and raw resin from live trees could make different quality varnish, especially the hardness.I always felt the surfaces of Best White Varnish of S&P (made with Manila or Kauri) are too soft to get good gloss even after a few weeks.. The biggest problem of Best White Varnishes, which I made with Manilla or Kauri, was, obvious clacks appeared within a few months and turned ...
1. Ballard, J. W., Hatzidakis, J., Karr, T. L., and Kreitman, M. 1996. Reduced variation in Drosophila simulans mitochondrial DNA. Genetics 144:1519-28.. 2. Barton-Wright, E. C., Booth, R. G., and Pringle, W. J. S. 1944. Analysis of barley from king Tutankhamuns tomb. Nature 153:288.. 3. Beckenbach, A. T. 1995. Age of bacteria in amber (letter). Science 270:2015-2016.. 4. Boyd, W. C. and Boyd, L. G. 1937. Blood group testing on 800 mummies. Journal of Immunology, 32:307-316.. 5. Cano, R. J. and Borucki, M. K. 1995. Revival and identification of bacterial spores in 25- 40-million-year-old Dominican amber. Science 268:1060-1064.. 6. Cano, R. J. 1995. Age of bacteria in amber (Response). Science 270:2016-2017.. 7. DeSalle, R., Gatesy, J., Wheeler, W., and Grimaldi, D. 1995. DNA Sequences from a fossil termite in Oligio-miocene amber and their phylogenetic implications. Science 257:1933-1936.. 8. Handt, O., Hoss, M., Krings, M., and Paabo, S. 1994. Ancient DNA: methodological challenges. ...
Presented is the first absolute age for the basal Albian from the Schwicheldt Ton Member, Gault Formation, Vöhrum, Germany. A 206Pb/238U age of 113.1 ± 0.3 Ma is determined for chemically abraded zircon from a tuff horizon 65 cm above the Aptian/Albian boundary. The new U-Pb age, although within uncertainty of the GTS 2008 determination (112 ± 1 Ma), is nominally older. The younger GTS 2008 basal Albian age is obtained from cyclostratigraphy using an 40Ar-39Ar age from the base Cenomanian. The nominal difference between the GTS 2008 age and new basal Albian age is consistent with the documented ca. 0.65% bias between U-Pb and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology. The new 206Pb/238U age calls into question a recently published age for the basal Albian (106.9 ± 0.4 Ma) determined from K-Ar glauconite analysis, as well as the K-Ar age for the GL-O international standard. Rhenium-osmium isotope analysis of the basal Albian grey clay of the Schwicheldt Ton Member, Gault Formation and basal Turonian grey shale ...
Montréal, July 20, 2005 - As of July 20, 2005, Héma-Québec has changed its blood donor selection criteria with respect to malaria. Tourists who travelled to the province of La Altagracia in the Dominican Republic, in particular, Bayahibe, Romana, Punta Cana as well as tourist sites on the islands of Catalina and Saona, and who have been back in Canada since May 6, may now give blood again. Note that there is no risk in the following Dominican Republic seaside resorts and cities: Bocachica, Cabarete, Juan Dolio, Puerto Plata, Santo Domingo, Sosua, Las Terenas and the Samana Peninsula.. Blood donors who have travelled since May 6 in regions of the Dominican Republic which are now considered no-risk, MUST call 1-800-847-2525, Monday to Friday, from 8:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m., Saturday, from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., and Sunday, from 9:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m., BEFORE going to a blood drive site. Héma-Québec representatives will assess their eligibility to give blood according to their trip and the new ...
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BREVIOR M tuls ennn i LompaFadfe JL ****• \\m\\w,»n *••!... US ISSN 0006-9698 Cambridge, Mass. 8 May 2012 Number 529 A NEW AMBER-EMBEDDED SPHAERODACTYL GECKO FROM HISPANIOLA, WITH COMMENTS ON MORPHOLOGICAL SYNAPOMORPHIES OF THE SPHAERODACTYLIDAE Juan D. Daza 1 and Aaron M. Bauer 1 - 2 Abstract. A new species of Sphaerodactylus (Squamata: Gekkota: Sphaerodactylidae) is described from an amber inclusion from the late Early Miocene or early Middle Miocene (15 to 20 million years ago) of the Dominican Republic. Unlike earlier amber-embedded specimens assigned to this genus, the new specimen is largely skeletal, with some integument remaining. A combination of 258 (of 674) osteological and external characters could be scored for the new species in a cladistic analysis of 21 gekkotan species, including representatives of all sphaerodactylid genera. The most parsimonious trees obtained confirm the placement of the amber gecko within the genus Sphaerodactylus and a comparison with extant ...
Emit a sensual song of pure plant poetry of sultry musk from your pits! Living Libations Copal Musk Underarm Charm Crème Deodorantcontains skin-soothing and captivating-corporeal essences to keep your underarms smooth, fresh, and fabulously fragrant.. With Copal Musk Underarm Charm, odors are neutralized and your natural pheromones are synthesized with pure-source plant oils. It features Copal, Sandalwood and Musk Mallow essences, which create a spirited tantric-triple-threat of arousing-euphoria, all dipped in sensual cacao butter, balancing baking soda, and silkifying arrow root.. Apply a swipe to each armpit to arouse your underarms and admirers with poetic aromas of sultry musk that will turn your sweat into scented stardust.. ...
Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. 222 pp. Cambridge, Mass.. Bolton, B., G. Alpert, P. S. Ward, and P. Naskrecki. 2007. Bolton s Catalogue of ants of the world. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, CD-ROM.. Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. 370 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Vol. 71. Gainesville, FL.. Brand o, C. R. F., C. Baroni Urbani, J. Wagensberg, and C. I. Yamamoto. 1998. New Technomyrmex in Dominican amber, with a reappraisal of Dolichoderinae phylogeny. Entomologica Scandinavica 29: 411-428.. Giraud, T., J. S. Pedersen, and L. Keller. 2002. Evolution of supercolonies: The Argentine ants of southern Europe. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99: 6075-6079.. H lldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. 732 pp. Harvard University Press.. Holway, D. A., L. Lach, A. V. Suarez, N. D. Tsutsui, and T. J. Case. 2002. The Causes and Consequences of Ant Invasions, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33: ...
Engel, M.S. 2009: A new termite bug in Miocene amber from the Dominican Republic (Hemiptera, Termitaphididae). ZooKeys, 25: 61-68. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.25.267 ...
This is not an Earwig, but it does remind us of a very unusual beetle we have in our archive, the Ship-Timber Beetle. We have a representative that was photographed in Costa Rica and it has been identified as being in the family Lymexylidae and the genus Atractocerus. We will need to do additional research to see if the Ship-Timber Beetles are known to be found in Africa. This posting from Beetles in the Bush makes our identification likely correct. According to Beetles in the Bush: "Atractocerus species are rarely encountered and therefore, not well studied. Their evolutionary history is still unknown; however, the oldest known lymexylid fossil is a very primitive member of the genus Atractocerus preserved in 100 myo Burmese amber (Grimwold & Engel 2005). Thus, the lineage containing these beetles had already appeared by the mid-Cretaceous and may have originated as early as the Jurassic, a fact that has earned them the moniker "living fossils." These beetles were once thought to be among the ...
Kim and Khloe Kardashian are having loads of fun with nephew Mason as they vacation in the Dominican Republic -- so cute! See the pic and read on for all the details! Kim and Khloe Kardashian are no strangers to the Dominican Republic! While sister Kourtney Kardashian most likely rests at home with...
The Dominican Republic has enjoyed strong GDP growth since 2005, and continued to post sound gains through mid-2008. The global recession, however, had a significant impact on GDP growth in the latter half of the year as tourism and remittances, two of the Dominican Republics most important economic contributors, showed signs of slowing. The economy is highly dependent upon the US, the source of nearly three-fourths of exports, and remittances represent about a tenth of GDP, equivalent to almost half of exports and three-quarters of tourism receipts. The country has long been viewed primarily as an exporter of sugar, coffee, and tobacco, but in recent years the service sector has overtaken agriculture as the economys largest employer due to growth in tourism and free trade zones. Although 2007 saw inflation rates averaging around 6%, inflation rates in 2008 grew to over 11% on average for the first 3 quarters. High food prices, driven by the effects of consecutive tropical storms on ...
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SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic (AP) - Doctors removed David Ortizs gallbladder and part of his intestine after the beloved former Boston Red Sox slugger known as Big Papi was ambushed by a gunman at a bar in his native Dominican Republic, a spokesman said Monday.
Comprehensive listing of the demographics of Dominican Republic including economy, people, geography, communication and transportation and the Doing Business in Dominican Republic rankings
The nearly complete and remarkably preserved skeleton of a small, 47 million-year-old creature found in Germany was displayed Tuesday by scientists who said it would help illuminate the evolutionary roots of monkeys, apes and humans. Experts praised the discovery for the level of detail it provided but said it was far from a breakthrough that would solve the puzzles of early evolution. Nobody is claiming that its a direct ancestor of monkeys and humans, but it provides a good indication of what a long-ago ancestor may have looked like, researchers said at a news conference. The fossil is the best preserved ever found for a primate, said Jorn Hurum, of the University of Oslo Natural History Museum, one of the scientists introducing the specimen. Beard said scientists already have a fossil from China of about the same age that is widely accepted as coming from monkey-ape-human ancestral line, and its much smaller than the new-found fossil and ate a different diet.
An exquisitely preserved fossil found in China still contains the original biological compounds that gave a 130-million-year-old bird its shading and colour.
Researchers Japan have retrieved original pigment, beta-keratin and muscle proteins from a 54-million-year-old sea turtle hatchling. The work adds to the growing body of evidence supporting persistence of original molecules over millions of years and also provides direct evidence that a pigment-based survival trait common to modern sea turtles evolved at least 54 million years ago.
Researchers have retrieved original pigment, beta-keratin and muscle proteins from a 54-million-year-old sea turtle hatchling. The work adds to the growing body of evidence supporting persistence of original molecules over millions of years and also provides direct evidence that a pigment-based survival trait common to modern sea turtles evolved at least 54 million years ago. 17th October 2017 01:18 PM More...
More than 400 meters below the Earths surface, in a virtually untouched 4-million-year-old cave, scientists have discovered antibiotic-resistant bacteria, whose existence could explain why the modern drugs we use to treat infections are failing.
...Researchers from Kent State University and the University of Bucharest...Studying primitive and extant crabs helps determine various aspects of...In addition crabs have been remarkably resistant against extinction. ...,New,150,million-year-old,crab,species,discovered,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Before giving the floor, I would like to briefly mention the visit of the Secretary Generals Special Representative, Edmond Mulet to the Dominican Republic, on Tuesday and Wednesday 12 and April 13, 2011. As you know, MINUSTAH has an office in Santo Domingo. The Special Representative from time to time makes visits to this office, and also courtesy calls to the authorities of the host country, the Dominican authorities. The visit that Mr. Mulet conducted Tuesday and Wednesday, is part of such courtesy. During the visit, Mr. Mulet has had the honor of being received by the President of the Dominican Republic, Dr. Leonel Fernandez. During their meeting, the President of the Dominican Republic and the Special Representative have discussed the efforts of the Mission in Haiti, the challenges before the new Haitian government and the support the United Nations are preparing to give the new government to meet these challenges. They also discussed the contributions of the Dominican Republic in terms of ...
Tunnels filled knee-high with bat guano caused a deadly outbreak of histoplasmosis in the Dominican Republic, raising awareness of what may be an underdiagnosed infection in Latin America, investigators said.The outbreak occurred in 2015 among 36 men who were hired to clean the bat excrement from several long access tunnels leading to a hydroelectric dam, according to findings from a CDC-led
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At a nutrition centre in the Dominican Republic, WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin discusses the importance of combatting anemia, a form of malnutrition that can impact the growth and development of small children for the rest of their lives.. ...
Amans latest Caribbean property brings a new kind of luxury to the pristine, jungle-shrouded northern shores of the Dominican Republic. Read on.
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Punta Cana, Dominican Republic (PRWEB) August 14, 2006 -- Families in the know across the United States have been flocking to the 19,000 square mile Caribbean
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Dominican Republic in 1999: Area: 48,671 sq km (18,792 sq mi) Population (1999 est.): 8,130,000 Capital: Santo Domingo Head of state and government: President Leonel Fernández Reyna Most of the news from...
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DOMINICAN REPUBLIC – A skills push is hitting the dairy and beef sectors in a bid to introduce producers and technicians to new ways of improving the industry.
Miss Dominican Republic 2011 Dalia Fernandez poses in her Catalina Brasil swimsuit during a judges briefing for the 2011 Miss Universe pageant at the Hilton Sao Paulo Morumbi in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
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By extracting gene fragments from insects preserved in amber for up to 40 million years, two independent teams of scientists have obtained the oldest DNA ever recovered from fossils. Both groups of researchers succeeded in extracting fairly long sequences of nucleic acids, the building blocks of genes, from extinct insects embedded in amber found in the Dominican Republic.
SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic (AP) - UNICEF has some grim findings about childhood poverty in the Dominican Republic. The U.N. agency sa…
THURSDAY, Dec. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A fossil of a distant ancestor of todays mammals -- which include humans -- shows evidence of a benign tumor of the jaw, scientists report.. The finding pushes back by hundreds of millions of years the advent of these "toothlet" tumors, called odontomas, says a team from the University of Washington in Seattle.. The researchers discovered the compound odontoma tumor in the fossilized jaw of a gorgonopsian, a precursor to mammals that lived 255 million years ago. The fossil was unearthed in Tanzania in 2007.. Previously, the earliest known evidence of odontomas was in fossils of creatures living less than 1 million years ago.. According to the research team, gorgonopsian were distant mammal relatives and the top predators in the pre-dinosaur Permian era when they existed. These animals ranged in size from 2 feet to 10 feet in length, and were known as the "saber tooths of the Permian" because of their large canine teeth.. The Seattle team spotted the ...
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The fossils were created when fine sand from an overflowing river poured into the animals burrows and hardened into casts of the open spaces. The largest preserved piece is about 14 inches long, 6 inches wide and 3 inches deep. No animal remains were found inside the burrow casts, but the hardened sediment in each burrow preserved a track made as the animals entered and exited ...
These living fossils have survived mass extinctions over the course of their eons of existence, but it just might be two youngsters that save them from the human threats they face today.
A piece of a childs skull, believed to be 1.5 million years old, offers some of the earliest evidence that early humans were hunters who ate meat regularly, according to scientists.
Scientists have found a group of worms that havent reproduced sexually for 18 million years. Normally that would be a recipe for quick extinction, but these little guys seem none the worse for wear.
For decades, paleontologists have puzzled over the microscopic fossils of Pseudooides,which are smaller than sand grains.. The resemblance of the fossils to animal embryos inspired their name, which means false egg.. The fossils preserve stages of embryonic development frozen in time by miraculous processes of fossilisation, which turned their squishy cells into stone.. Pseudooides fossils have a segmented middle like the embryos of segmented animals, such as insects, inspiring grand theories on how complex segmented animals may have evolved.. A team of paleontologists from the University of Bristols School of Earth Sciences and Peking University have now peered inside the Pseudooides embryos using X-rays and found features that link them to the adult stages of another fossil group.. It turns out that these adult stages were right under the scientists noses all along: they have been found long ago in the same rocks as Pseudooides.. Surprisingly, these long-lost family members are not complex ...
This happened in San Pedro, Dominican Republic. The victim got involved in a machete fight and ended up with severe injuries that eventually claimed his life. Hes barely alive when the video was filmed, bleeding profusely, supported by a friend but without proper medical care he stood no chance.. I dont know what lead to him getting attacked, nor if he was a good guy or a bad guy. He could have been a man killed protecting his home from a burglar, or a burglar killed by a man protecting his home. Nasty was to die by bleeding out in the street as stings from deep stashes burn your flesh.. ...
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We live in Canada , would like to move to DR next yr and in future retire there.. is it easy ? we r not retiring age yet.. is it easy to find jobs …
Visitors from the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, the United States, and European Union nations need valid passports, return tickets, and 30-day...
[Archive] Page 26 Hundreds who live in the DR contribute their insight. Questions welcomed from those who have been here for years and from newcomers.
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Phone free of charge from abroad with Skype. Attention: you will receive an "error" message if the Skype application is not installed on your computer or smartphone. If such a message appears, please proceed to install it right off, simply by clicking on the following link: Download Skype. ...
Size:Height 4.5 cm, Width 5.0 cm at base, Wall Thickness .5 cm, Neck Diameter 4.5 cm outer diameter/2.0 cm inner diameter, Neck Thickness 1.0 cm. ...
Large outline drawing of dorsal view of turtle on plain background. Contains initials of Dr. Sophie Jakowska, illustrator of childrens books ...
Comments:When collected, this pot contained seeds. The seeds were labeled artifact PNE-01-A-0168 The object has a thick base and is heavy for a vessel of this size ...
Diamonds are formed deep within the Earth: between 100 km and 200 km below the earths surface. Diamonds form under remarkable conditions.. The temperatures they are formed at are about 900 - 1300 C in this part of the Earths mantle where diamonds form. The pressure is between 45 - 60 kilo bars. (kB) 50 kB = 150 km or 90 miles below the surface 60 kB = 200 km or 120 miles below the surface.. Diamonds are carried to the surface by volcanic eruptions. The volcanic magma conduit is known as a kimberlite pipe or diamond pipe. We find diamonds as inclusions in the (rather ordinary looking) volcanic rock known as kimberlite. The kimberlite magmas that carry diamonds to the surface are often much younger than the diamonds they transport (the kimberlite magma simply acts as a conveyer belt). To ensure they are not converted to graphite, diamonds must be transported extremely rapidly to the Earths surface. It is probable that kimberlite lavas carrying diamonds erupt at between 10 and 30 km/hour ...
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To the Editor: The rise in international travel to malaria-endemic areas in recent years has been followed by an increase in the number of cases diagnosed in countries where malaria is not endemic (1). Tourist areas of the Dominican Republic have traditionally been considered to be low risk for malaria transmission. However, over the past few years, sporadic descriptions of imported falciparum malaria in travelers to these destinations have been described (2,3). In spite of these findings, neither the World Health Organization nor the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend antimalarial chemoprophylaxis for trips to the Dominican Republics main tourist resorts (4,5).1 We report a new case of imported malaria caused by mixed Plasmodium vivax and P. malariae infection, with unique clinical features, after a standard tourist trip to Puerto Plata (on the northern coast of the Dominican Republic).. A 31-year-old man with no relevant medical history was treated in the internal medicine ...
Branchiopod crustaceans are represented by fairy, tadpole, and clam shrimps (Anostraca, Notostraca, Laevicaudata, Spinicaudata), which typically inhabit temporary freshwater bodies, and water fleas (Cladoceromorpha), which live in all kinds of freshwater and occasionally marine environments [1, 2]. The earliest branchiopods occur in the Cambrian, where they are represented by complete body fossils from Sweden such as Rehbachiella kinnekullensis [3] and isolated mandibles preserved as small carbonaceous fossils [4-6] from Canada. The earliest known continental branchiopods are associated with hot spring environments [7] represented by the Early Devonian Rhynie Chert of Scotland (410 million years ago) and include possible stem-group or crown-group Anostraca, Notostraca, and clam shrimps or Cladoceromorpha [8-10], which differmorphologically fromtheirmodern counterparts [1, 2, 11]. Here we report the discovery of an ephemeral pool branchiopod community from the 365-million-year-old Strud locality ...
2018.02.20 - [A.22156] Anabolic Steroids in San Jose De Ocoa Dominican Republic : Reviews and Buy Online. Anabolic Steroids San Jose De Ocoa Dominican Republic. Anabolic steroids are the man-made by-products of the naturally happening man anabolic hormone testosterone.
We report West Nile virus (WNV) activity in the Dominican Republic for the first time. Specific anti-WNV antibodies were detected in 5 (15%) of 33 resident birds sampled at one location in November 2002. One seropositive bird was <4 months old, indicating a recent infection.
Franciscan sediments contain a sparse, but diverse assemblage of fossils. The most abundant fossils by far are microfossils, particularly in the cherts, which contain single-celled organisms called radiolarians that have exoskeletons of silica. There are also in some of the shales microfossils of planktonic foraminifera that have exoskeletons of carbonate. These microfossils, by and large, indicate deposition in an open-water setting where deep-water conditions exist.[11] Vertebrate fossils in the Franciscan are extremely rare, but include three Mesozoic marine reptiles that are shown in the table below.[12] Again, these indicate an open-water, and therefore deep-marine setting. Although rare, a few shallow-marine fossils have been found as well, and include extinct oysters (Inoceramus) and clams (Buchia).[11] Microfossils in the Calera Limestone member of the Franciscan exposed at the Permanente and Pacifica cement quarries also indicate a shallow-marine setting, with deposition on top of a ...
Author Summary Vertically-transmitted facultative bacterial endosymbionts are common in invertebrates, and affect traits as diverse as the mode of sexual reproduction, speciation, and susceptibility to pathogens. Horizontal transmission of endosymbionts is thought to be infrequent in most species, and not to contribute to their spread through populations. Here we demonstrate that parasitoid wasps can act as vectors, transmitting the endosymbiont Wolbachia between whitefly hosts at a high rate. The ovipositors and mandibles of parasitoids can be contaminated with Wolbachia when probing infected whitefly. If these parasitoids then probe Wolbachia-free hosts and the whitefly survive, it will result in a stably infected line with increased fitness. Such vector-borne transmission may explain why endosymbionts are so widely distributed, and why genetically similar symbionts are often found in phylogenetically distant organisms.

Paasch, AmberPaasch, Amber

Amber Paasch. PhD Student, Richard Gilder Graduate School Email:. [email protected] Curriculum Vitae (short version) ... Amber conducts research on microscopic green algae that eat bacteria as a food source and uses them as a model for studying ... Amber Paasch is interested in deep eukaryotic evolution, particularly the evolution of photosynthesis in the group that ... Amber uses techniques in genomics, electron microscopy, and experimental biology, to study the evolutionary history of ...
more infohttps://www.amnh.org/our-research/staff-directory/students/past-cohort-student-pages/amber-paasch

Amber Run - WikipediaAmber Run - Wikipedia

"Amber Run Home Page". "Haze - Single by Amber Run". iTunes. Retrieved 17 April 2016. OConnor, Roisin (20 October 2016). "Amber ... "iTunes - Music - Spark - EP by Amber Run". iTunes. "iTunes - Music - Pilot EP by Amber Run". iTunes. Blakemore, Penny. "Amber ... "Amber Run". BBC Music. IAmMusicTV (26 March 2014). "Amber Run chat about going on tour with Kodaline & music in the East ... "For a Moment, I Was Lost by Amber Run on Apple Music". iTunes. Retrieved 2 March 2017. "AMBER RUN". Official Charts Company. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amber_Run

Amber Jasmine BraceAmber Jasmine Brace

Specifically, my current research focuses on variation in the cost of immunity and how variation may drive disease dynamics, especially in ecosystems affected by introduced species. Variation in pathogen defense strategies exists within and among populations, and is likely driven by multiple factors such as pathogen virulence, environmental conditions and host characteristics. In order to fully understand how pathogens move through ecosystems and affect host health, it is necessary to understand factors that affect pathogen characteristics, such as variations in host immune defense and the factors influencing those variations ...
more infohttps://sites.google.com/a/mail.usf.edu/ajbrace/home

amber | FactMonsteramber | FactMonster

The best commercial amber is transparent, but some varieties are cloudy. To be called amber, the resin must be several million ... Amber can vary in color from yellow to red to green and blue. ... amber, fossilized tree resin . Amber can vary in color from ... Baltic amber also contains succinic acid and is often called succinite. An essential oil (amber oil) is obtained from amber. ... See D. Grimaldi, Amber: Window on the Past (1996); G. and R. Poinar, The Amber Forest (1999). ...
more infohttps://www.factmonster.com/encyclopedia/earth/minerals/mineralogy/amber

Amber - Everything2.comAmber - Everything2.com

The newer the amber, the darker it is. Opaque amber is about 60 million years old, becoming transparent after about 120 million ... Am"ber, a. 1. Consisting of amber; made of amber.. "Amber bracelets." Shak. 2. Resembling amber, especially in color; amber- ... "The amber morn." Tennyson. © Webster 1913. Am"ber, v. t. [p. p. & p. a. Ambered .] 1. To scent or flavor with ambergris; as, ... A few notes on amber: *The newer the amber, the darker it is. Opaque amber is about 60 million years old, becoming transparent ...
more infohttps://everything2.com/title/amber

NCCCAP Amber Pham FINALNCCCAP Amber Pham FINAL

The role of ethnic composition and child ethnicity Amber T. Pham, Freddie A. Pastrana, Juventino… ... NCCCAP Amber Pham FINAL * 1. Definitional and behavioral assessments of peer victimization: The role of ethnic composition and ... child ethnicity Amber T. Pham, Freddie A. Pastrana, Juventino Hernandez Rodriguez, James T. Craig, Samantha J. Gregus, & ...
more infohttps://www.slideshare.net/AmberPham1/ncccap-amber-pham-final

Amber Rice - MendeleyAmber Rice - Mendeley

Connect and collaborate with Amber Rice at Lehigh University Department of Biological Sciences, with research interests in ... ReadersNumber of instances of Ambers publications in Mendeley libraries. Updated daily. ...
more infohttps://www.mendeley.com/profiles/amber-rice/

Amber London - StereogumAmber London - Stereogum

Amber London - "Servin Fiendz" I wrote about Amber London a couple times in my Coachella coverage, highlighting ...
more infohttps://www.stereogum.com/tag/amber-london/

NSCCS AMBER Workshop 2015NSCCS AMBER Workshop 2015

The workshop consists of a series of short lectures followed by hands-on lab sessions that cover the use of AMBER and ... researchers in the field of molecular simulations to the broad collection of computational tools implemented in the AMBER and ...
more infohttp://www.rsc.org/events/detail/17754/nsccs-amber-workshop-2015

Amber StegallAmber Stegall

Amber is the Digital Content Manager at KCBD NewsChannel 11. She has been with the company since 2007. She has moved within the ...
more infohttps://www.newschannel10.com/authors/amber-stegall/

Amber Bansak on EtsyAmber Bansak on Etsy

Beginning of a dialog window, including tabbed navigation to register an account or sign in to an existing account. Both registration and sign in support using google and facebook accounts. Escape will close this window ...
more infohttps://www.etsy.com/people/clamberstandback?ref=shop_home

The AMBER projectThe AMBER project

AMBER is a research project, funded by the AHDB, to develop practical ways to improve the performance of biopesticides on ... About AMBER. Application and Management of Biopesticides for Efficacy and Reliability is funded by the UK Agriculture and ... AMBER is a research project to identify practical ways for growers to improve the performance of these products in their crop ... The AMBER project. *Biopesticides are safe crop protection products based on micro-organisms, plant extracts and other natural ...
more infohttps://warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/lifesci/wcc/research/biopesticides/amberproject/

Amber Riley - ZimbioAmber Riley - Zimbio

Amber Patrice Riley (born February 15, 1986) is an American actress and singer best known for her role on the series Glee as ... View 2 Amber Riley Pictures » Also Appearing:. Lupita Nyongo, Chadwick Boseman, Michael B. Jordan, Angela Bassett, Forest ... View 3 Amber Riley Pictures » Also Appearing:. Poppy Delevingne, Cate Blanchett, Suki Waterhouse, Keira Knightley, Immy ... Glee star Amber Riley is all set to celebrate the coming of the new year, but she says she doesnt take part in the New Years ...
more infohttp://www.zimbio.com/Amber+Riley

Amber Perreca on FlipboardAmber Perreca on Flipboard

Keep up with Amber Perreca on Flipboard, a place to see the stories, photos, and updates that matter to you. Flipboard creates ... Amber Perreca. 50 Added , 9 Magazines , 28 Likes , 4 Following , 1 Follower , @amberbb , Keep up with Amber Perreca on ... Download Flipboard for free and search for "Amber Perreca". Yes, Thats A Great White Shark Launching Into The Air. Surfers ...
more infohttps://flipboard.com/@amberbb

amber g. on Flipboardamber g. on Flipboard

Keep up with amber g. on Flipboard, a place to see the stories, photos, and updates that matter to you. Flipboard creates a ... amber g.. 25 Flips , 1 Magazine , @aurora_greey , Keep up with amber g. on Flipboard, a place to see the stories, photos, and ... Download Flipboard for free and search for "amber g.". 500 Kinds of Bugs May be Living in Your House. Weird & Wild,p,Spiders, ...
more infohttps://flipboard.com/@aurora_greey

Amber - WikipediaAmber - Wikipedia

This kind of amber is known as "bony amber".[28]. Although all Dominican amber is fluorescent, the rarest Dominican amber is ... Much of the most highly prized amber is transparent, in contrast to the very common cloudy amber and opaque amber. Opaque amber ... Other uncommon colors include red amber (sometimes known as "cherry amber"), green amber, and even blue amber, which is rare ... "amber colophony", or "amber pitch"; when dissolved in oil of turpentine or in linseed oil this forms "amber varnish" or "amber ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amber

Amber MooreAmber Moore

Eating hot food from melamine dishware can lead to an increase in levels of melamine in urine, says a new study. Researchers say that, although effects of melamine on human health arent clear, high levels of the chemical in the urine may lead to kidney stones in both children and adults, reports HealthDay ...
more infohttps://www.medicaldaily.com/reporters/amber-moore

Amber snail | gastropod family | Britannica.comAmber snail | gastropod family | Britannica.com

Succineacea A problematic group including amber snails (Succineidae), which inhabit swamps and damp areas, and peculiar slugs ... Other articles where Amber snail is discussed: gastropod: Classification: ... Succineacea A problematic group including amber snails (Succineidae), which inhabit swamps and damp areas, and peculiar slugs ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/animal/amber-snail

Amber Reed | Department of AnthropologyAmber Reed | Department of Anthropology

2016 - "Nostalgia in the Post-Apartheid State." Anthropology Southern Africa. 39(2):97-109.. 2015 - "Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa." Oxford Bibliographies in Anthropology. Ed. John Jackson. New York: Oxford University Press.. 2011 - "Creating New Leaders: Youth Activism in South Africa." Ufahamu: A Journal of African Studies. 36(2).. 2010 - "Dont Keep It To Yourself!": Digital Storytelling with South African Youth. With Hill, Amy. Seminar.net online journal. Volume 6, issue 2.. 2009 - "Dont Keep it to Yourself:" Young People in Mhlontlo (Eastern Cape) tell their stories through the Digital Stories Project. Sonke Gender Justice Network. www.genderjustice.org.za. ...
more infohttps://www.sas.upenn.edu/anthropology/people/amber-reed

Ancient Ant in Amber - Scientific AmericanAncient Ant in Amber - Scientific American

... a fossil worker ant preserved in New Jersey amber from deposits dating back some 90 million years ago to the Cretaceous period ... that the initially vague but evocative form of a Cretaceous ant becomes progressively clearer when a nugget of amber is ...
more infohttps://www.scientificamerican.com/article/ancient-ant-in-amber/

Amber Healthcare - Which? Elderly CareAmber Healthcare - Which? Elderly Care

Elderly Care about Amber Healthcare including contact details, care specialisms and how to pay for care. ...
more infohttps://www.which.co.uk/elderly-care/directory/amber-healthcare-ox14-3ys

Dinosaur Feathers in Amber | MetaFilterDinosaur Feathers in Amber | MetaFilter

Dinosaur Feathers in Amber. September 15, 2011 5:15 PM Subscribe. Dinofuzz Found in Canadian Amber. Dinosaur Feathers Found ... trapped in amber!. In an alternate universe, much like our own, Jurassic Park is a 70s art-house movie, and Trapped in amber ... Trapped in AMBER!. I think I drank too much coffee this morning.. posted by zardoz at 5:53 PM on September 15, 2011 [4 ... Dino feathers! For real! Not even fossils, but trapped in amber!. Its amazing!. posted by hippybear at 5:41 PM on September 15 ...
more infohttps://www.metafilter.com/107474/Dinosaur-Feathers-in-Amber

Amber Roses Favorite Movie | VibeAmber Rose's Favorite Movie | Vibe

Amber Rose: My favorite actor is Sean Penn. I love Sean Penn and my favorite actress is Juliette Lewis. Favorite movie of all ... Amber Roses Favorite Movie. January 26, 2012 - 6:12 pm by Mikey Fresh TWITTER ... Amber Rose: "My favorite actor is Sean Penn. I love Sean Penn and my favorite actress is Juliette Lewis. Favorite movie of all ...
more infohttps://www.vibe.com/2012/01/amber-roses-favorite-movie

Amber Michele Franz, MDAmber Michele Franz, MD

Seattle Childrens complies with applicable federal and other civil rights laws and does not discriminate, exclude people or treat them differently based on race, color, religion (creed), sex, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, national origin (ancestry), age, disability, or any other status protected by applicable federal, state or local law. Financial assistance for medically necessary services is based on family income and hospital resources and is provided to children under age 21 whose primary residence is in Washington, Alaska, Montana or Idaho. ...
more infohttps://www.seattlechildrens.org/directory/amber-michele-franz/
  • Keep up with Amber Perreca on Flipboard, a place to see the stories, photos, and updates that matter to you. (flipboard.com)
  • Sometimes bits of plant or animal material are fossilized inside the sap (hence the plot of " Jurassic Park ," which made that type of amber very popular for a few years). (everything2.com)
  • In an alternate universe, much like our own, Jurassic Park is a 70s art-house movie, and 'Trapped in amber! (metafilter.com)
  • Pliny states explicitly that the Germans export amber to Pannonia, from where it was traded further abroad by the Veneti. (wikipedia.org)
  • Especially rich beds of amber in Lebanon and New Jersey have yielded many Cretaceous species dating back as much as 135 million years. (factmonster.com)
  • But according to a report published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a fossil worker ant preserved in New Jersey amber from deposits dating back some 90 million years ago to the Cretaceous period suggests that ant diversification began earlier and proceeded more rapidly than previously thought. (scientificamerican.com)
  • We can only hope that this cycle of discovery and revision will continue or even accelerate so that our current, clouded picture of ant phylogeny will come increasingly into focus, in much the same way, perhaps, that the initially vague but evocative form of a Cretaceous ant becomes progressively clearer when a nugget of amber is painstakingly prepared and polished by [David] Grimaldi and colleagues. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The workshop consists of a series of short lectures followed by hands-on lab sessions that cover the use of AMBER and AmberTools and the theory behind it. (rsc.org)
  • Much valued from antiquity to the present as a gemstone, amber is made into a variety of decorative objects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amber is of interest both for its decorative value and for the ancient, once-living inclusions that it preserves. (factmonster.com)
  • it seems Betancourt has lifted all the jargon from Zelazny's books and closely paralleled the exposition from Nine Princes in Amber , but where Zelazny took occasional risks and changed up his style, Betancourt takes none. (everything2.com)
  • Amber conducts research on microscopic green algae that eat bacteria as a food source and uses them as a model for studying plastid acquisition. (amnh.org)
  • Amber uses techniques in genomics, electron microscopy, and experimental biology, to study the evolutionary history of bacterial ingestion in green algae and the role of this trait in plastid genesis. (amnh.org)
  • Amber can vary in color from yellow to red to green and blue. (factmonster.com)
  • The English word amber derives from Arabic ʿanbar عنبر (cognate with Middle Persian ambar) via Middle Latin ambar and Middle French ambre. (wikipedia.org)
  • The word was adopted in Middle English in the 14th century as referring to what is now known as ambergris (ambre gris or "grey amber"), a solid waxy substance derived from the sperm whale. (wikipedia.org)
  • At first called white or yellow amber (ambre jaune), this meaning was adopted in English by the early 15th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is the root of english words like " electricity ," as amber holds a static charge . (everything2.com)
  • The Dancing with the Stars pro was suffering complications due to an existing back injury and almost didn't make it on the stage with Amber Riley for the show Monday. (zimbio.com)
  • We already knew that Heather Morris wouldn't be returning to the hit musical dramedy as a series regular, but now TVLine reports that three other original cast members - Mark Salling, Amber Riley, and Harry Shum, Jr. - will NOT be returning to the hit TV show as series regulars as well. (zimbio.com)
  • Ground amber mixed with a liquid is used to treat eyes , ears , and the digestive system . (everything2.com)
  • AMBER is a research project to identify practical ways for growers to improve the performance of these products in their crop protection programmes. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Succineacea A problematic group including amber snails (Succineidae), which inhabit swamps and damp areas, and peculiar slugs from the South Pacific (Athoracophoridae). (britannica.com)
  • The ancient Italic peoples of southern Italy were working amber, the most important examples are on display at the National Archaeological Museum of Siritide to Matera. (wikipedia.org)
  • The best commercial amber is transparent, but some varieties are cloudy. (factmonster.com)
  • The primary authors of the study are Dr. Dan Ryskamp , Amber Frye and Dr. Tam Phuong. (utah.edu)
  • as, also, that the inhabitants use this amber by way of fuel, and sell it to their neighbors, the Teutones. (wikipedia.org)