Mutation process that restores the wild-type PHENOTYPE in an organism possessing a mutationally altered GENOTYPE. The second "suppressor" mutation may be on a different gene, on the same gene but located at a distance from the site of the primary mutation, or in extrachromosomal genes (EXTRACHROMOSOMAL INHERITANCE).
Viruses whose host is Escherichia coli.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying tyrosine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Genes that have a suppressor allele or suppressor mutation (SUPPRESSION, GENETIC) which cancels the effect of a previous mutation, enabling the wild-type phenotype to be maintained or partially restored. For example, amber suppressors cancel the effect of an AMBER NONSENSE MUTATION.
Any codon that signals the termination of genetic translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC). PEPTIDE TERMINATION FACTORS bind to the stop codon and trigger the hydrolysis of the aminoacyl bond connecting the completed polypeptide to the tRNA. Terminator codons do not specify amino acids.
The small RNA molecules, 73-80 nucleotides long, that function during translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) to align AMINO ACIDS at the RIBOSOMES in a sequence determined by the mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). There are about 30 different transfer RNAs. Each recognizes a specific CODON set on the mRNA through its own ANTICODON and as aminoacyl tRNAs (RNA, TRANSFER, AMINO ACYL), each carries a specific amino acid to the ribosome to add to the elongating peptide chains.
The meaning ascribed to the BASE SEQUENCE with respect to how it is translated into AMINO ACID SEQUENCE. The start, stop, and order of amino acids of a protein is specified by consecutive triplets of nucleotides called codons (CODON).
A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Santo Domingo. With Haiti, it forms the island of Hispaniola - the Dominican Republic occupying the eastern two thirds, and Haiti, the western third. It was created in 1844 after a revolt against the rule of President Boyer over the entire island of Hispaniola, itself visited by Columbus in 1492 and settled the next year. Except for a brief period of annexation to Spain (1861-65), it has been independent, though closely associated with the United States. Its name comes from the Spanish Santo Domingo, Holy Sunday, with reference to its discovery on a Sunday. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338, 506 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)
A yellowish fossil resin, the gum of several species of coniferous trees, found in the alluvial deposits of northeastern Germany. It is used in molecular biology in the analysis of organic matter fossilized in amber.
A set of three nucleotides in a protein coding sequence that specifies individual amino acids or a termination signal (CODON, TERMINATOR). Most codons are universal, but some organisms do not produce the transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER) complementary to all codons. These codons are referred to as unassigned codons (CODONS, NONSENSE).
A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying glutamine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
A series of 7 virulent phages which infect E. coli. The T-even phages T2, T4; (BACTERIOPHAGE T4), and T6, and the phage T5 are called "autonomously virulent" because they cause cessation of all bacterial metabolism on infection. Phages T1, T3; (BACTERIOPHAGE T3), and T7; (BACTERIOPHAGE T7) are called "dependent virulent" because they depend on continued bacterial metabolism during the lytic cycle. The T-even phages contain 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in place of ordinary cytosine in their DNA.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The sequential set of three nucleotides in TRANSFER RNA that interacts with its complement in MESSENGER RNA, the CODON, during translation in the ribosome.
A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.
A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.
A subdiscipline of genetics which deals with the genetic mechanisms and processes of microorganisms.
A subclass of enzymes that aminoacylate AMINO ACID-SPECIFIC TRANSFER RNA with their corresponding AMINO ACIDS.
Viruses whose nucleic acid is DNA.
Intermediates in protein biosynthesis. The compounds are formed from amino acids, ATP and transfer RNA, a reaction catalyzed by aminoacyl tRNA synthetase. They are key compounds in the genetic translation process.
A group of transfer RNAs which are specific for carrying each one of the 20 amino acids to the ribosome in preparation for protein synthesis.
A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying serine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying glutamic acid to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
A process of GENETIC TRANSLATION whereby the terminal amino acid is added to a lengthening polypeptide. This termination process is signaled from the MESSENGER RNA, by one of three termination codons (CODON, TERMINATOR) that immediately follows the last amino acid-specifying CODON.
A reaction that introduces an aminoacyl group to a molecule. TRANSFER RNA AMINOACYLATION is the first step in GENETIC TRANSLATION.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The phenomenon by which a temperate phage incorporates itself into the DNA of a bacterial host, establishing a kind of symbiotic relation between PROPHAGE and bacterium which results in the perpetuation of the prophage in all the descendants of the bacterium. Upon induction (VIRUS ACTIVATION) by various agents, such as ultraviolet radiation, the phage is released, which then becomes virulent and lyses the bacterium.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in the natural environment (soil, water, and plant surfaces) or as an opportunistic human pathogen.
Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.
The conversion of uncharged TRANSFER RNA to AMINO ACYL TRNA.
A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying tryptophan to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.
5-Bromo-2,4(1H,3H)-pyrimidinedione. Brominated derivative of uracil that acts as an antimetabolite, substituting for thymine in DNA. It is used mainly as an experimental mutagen, but its deoxyriboside (BROMODEOXYURIDINE) is used to treat neoplasms.
The biosynthesis of PEPTIDES and PROTEINS on RIBOSOMES, directed by MESSENGER RNA, via TRANSFER RNA that is charged with standard proteinogenic AMINO ACIDS.
The transfer of bacterial DNA by phages from an infected bacterium to another bacterium. This also refers to the transfer of genes into eukaryotic cells by viruses. This naturally occurring process is routinely employed as a GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUE.
The functional hereditary units of VIRUSES.
A species of halophilic archaea whose organisms are nonmotile. Habitats include freshwater and marine mud, animal-waste lagoons, and the rumens of ungulates.
The collective name for the republics of ESTONIA; LATVIA; and LITHUANIA on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p111)
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
A genus of anaerobic, irregular spheroid-shaped METHANOSARCINALES whose organisms are nonmotile. Endospores are not formed. These archaea derive energy via formation of methane from acetate, methanol, mono-, di-, and trimethylamine, and possibly, carbon monoxide. Organisms are isolated from freshwater and marine environments.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.
An amino acid-specifying codon that has been converted to a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR) by mutation. Its occurance is abnormal causing premature termination of protein translation and results in production of truncated and non-functional proteins. A nonsense mutation is one that converts an amino acid-specific codon to a stop codon.
A temperate inducible phage and type species of the genus lambda-like viruses, in the family SIPHOVIRIDAE. Its natural host is E. coli K12. Its VIRION contains linear double-stranded DNA with single-stranded 12-base 5' sticky ends. The DNA circularizes on infection.
A computer simulation developed to study the motion of molecules over a period of time.
A plant division of GYMNOSPERMS consisting of cone-bearing trees and shrubs.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
Substances which reduce or eliminate dentinal sensitivity or the pain associated with a source of stimulus (such as touch, heat, or cold) at the orifice of exposed dentinal tubules causing the movement of tubular fluid that in turn stimulates tooth nerve receptors.
A defective virus, containing particles of RNA nucleoprotein in virion-like form, present in patients with acute hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis. It requires the presence of a hepadnavirus for full replication. This is the lone species in the genus Deltavirus.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
A genus in the family ENTOMOPLASMATACEAE, order Entomoplasmatales. It is pathogenic to GOATS, causing caprine pleuropneumonia (PLEUROPNEUMONIA, CONTAGIOUS).
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
An island republic of the West Indies. Its capital is Roseau. It was discovered in 1493 by Columbus and held at different times by the French and the British in the 18th century. A member of the West Indies Federation, it achieved internal self-government in 1967 but became independent in 1978. It was named by Columbus who discovered it on Sunday, Domingo in Spanish, from the Latin Dominica dies, the Lord's Day. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)
A product from the iodination of tyrosine. In the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones (THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE), tyrosine is first iodized to monoiodotyrosine.
A fractionated cell extract that maintains a biological function. A subcellular fraction isolated by ultracentrifugation or other separation techniques must first be isolated so that a process can be studied free from all of the complex side reactions that occur in a cell. The cell-free system is therefore widely used in cell biology. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p166)
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Antigens produced by various strains of HEPATITIS D VIRUS.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.
Flammable, amorphous, vegetable products of secretion or disintegration, usually formed in special cavities of plants. They are generally insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, carbon tetrachloride, ether, or volatile oils. They are fusible and have a conchoidal fracture. They are the oxidation or polymerization products of the terpenes, and are mixtures of aromatic acids and esters. Most are soft and sticky, but harden after exposure to cold. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE. Cypress ordinarily refers to this but also forms part of the name of plants in other genera.
Viruses whose host is Salmonella. A frequently encountered Salmonella phage is BACTERIOPHAGE P22.
Structures within the nucleus of bacterial cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.
Virulent bacteriophage and type species of the genus T4-like phages, in the family MYOVIRIDAE. It infects E. coli and is the best known of the T-even phages. Its virion contains linear double-stranded DNA, terminally redundant and circularly permuted.
A process that changes the nucleotide sequence of mRNA from that of the DNA template encoding it. Some major classes of RNA editing are as follows: 1, the conversion of cytosine to uracil in mRNA; 2, the addition of variable number of guanines at pre-determined sites; and 3, the addition and deletion of uracils, templated by guide-RNAs (RNA, GUIDE).
A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)
A plasmid whose presence in the cell, either extrachromosomal or integrated into the BACTERIAL CHROMOSOME, determines the "sex" of the bacterium, host chromosome mobilization, transfer via conjugation (CONJUGATION, GENETIC) of genetic material, and the formation of SEX PILI.
Genes whose loss of function or gain of function MUTATION leads to the death of the carrier prior to maturity. They may be essential genes (GENES, ESSENTIAL) required for viability, or genes which cause a block of function of an essential gene at a time when the essential gene function is required for viability.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They catalyze the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA sequences which lack the species-specific methylation pattern in the host cell's DNA. Cleavage yields random or specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. The function of restriction enzymes is to destroy any foreign DNA that invades the host cell. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms. They are also used as tools for the systematic dissection and mapping of chromosomes, in the determination of base sequences of DNAs, and have made it possible to splice and recombine genes from one organism into the genome of another. EC 3.21.1.
Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The process by which a DNA molecule is duplicated.
A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying aspartic acid to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
Antigens from any of the hepatitis viruses including surface, core, and other associated antigens.
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
In bacteria, a group of metabolically related genes, with a common promoter, whose transcription into a single polycistronic MESSENGER RNA is under the control of an OPERATOR REGION.
The type species of the genus MICROVIRUS. A prototype of the small virulent DNA coliphages, it is composed of a single strand of supercoiled circular DNA, which on infection, is converted to a double-stranded replicative form by a host enzyme.
A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying leucine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
Viruses whose hosts are bacterial cells.
Separation of particles according to density by employing a gradient of varying densities. At equilibrium each particle settles in the gradient at a point equal to its density. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
A non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and is involved in many metabolic processes. It is synthesized from GLUTAMIC ACID and AMMONIA. It is the principal carrier of NITROGEN in the body and is an important energy source for many cells.
Genes which regulate or circumscribe the activity of other genes; specifically, genes which code for PROTEINS or RNAs which have GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION functions.
The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Flat keratinous structures found on the skin surface of birds. Feathers are made partly of a hollow shaft fringed with barbs. They constitute the plumage.
The 30-kDa membrane-bound c-type cytochrome protein of mitochondria that functions as an electron donor to CYTOCHROME C GROUP in the mitochondrial and bacterial RESPIRATORY CHAIN. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p545)
Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.
Sialylated Lewis blood group carbohydrate antigen found in many adenocarcinomas of the digestive tract, especially pancreatic tumors.
Biologically functional sequences of DNA chemically synthesized in vitro.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
The theory that the radiation and absorption of energy take place in definite quantities called quanta (E) which vary in size and are defined by the equation E=hv in which h is Planck's constant and v is the frequency of the radiation.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying methionine to sites on the ribosomes. During initiation of protein synthesis, tRNA(f)Met in prokaryotic cells and tRNA(i)Met in eukaryotic cells binds to the start codon (CODON, INITIATOR).
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)
A parasexual process in BACTERIA; ALGAE; FUNGI; and ciliate EUKARYOTA for achieving exchange of chromosome material during fusion of two cells. In bacteria, this is a uni-directional transfer of genetic material; in protozoa it is a bi-directional exchange. In algae and fungi, it is a form of sexual reproduction, with the union of male and female gametes.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A circumscribed collection of purulent exudate in the brain, due to bacterial and other infections. The majority are caused by spread of infected material from a focus of suppuration elsewhere in the body, notably the PARANASAL SINUSES, middle ear (see EAR, MIDDLE); HEART (see also ENDOCARDITIS, BACTERIAL), and LUNG. Penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA and NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES may also be associated with this condition. Clinical manifestations include HEADACHE; SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits; and alterations of consciousness. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp712-6)
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
A low-energy attractive force between hydrogen and another element. It plays a major role in determining the properties of water, proteins, and other compounds.
DNA sequences recognized as signals to end GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum immediately below the visible range and extending into the x-ray frequencies. The longer wavelengths (near-UV or biotic or vital rays) are necessary for the endogenous synthesis of vitamin D and are also called antirachitic rays; the shorter, ionizing wavelengths (far-UV or abiotic or extravital rays) are viricidal, bactericidal, mutagenic, and carcinogenic and are used as disinfectants.
A genus of small free-living nematodes. Two species, CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS and C. briggsae are much used in studies of genetics, development, aging, muscle chemistry, and neuroanatomy.
A purine that is an isomer of ADENINE (6-aminopurine).
An antibiotic first isolated from cultures of Streptomyces venequelae in 1947 but now produced synthetically. It has a relatively simple structure and was the first broad-spectrum antibiotic to be discovered. It acts by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis and is mainly bacteriostatic. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p106)
Stable carbon atoms that have the same atomic number as the element carbon, but differ in atomic weight. C-13 is a stable carbon isotope.
An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosylmethionine to N-acetylserotonin to form N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine (MELATONIN).
Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.
A subclass of enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the transfer of a methyl group from one compound to another. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 2.1.1.
Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
An essential amino acid. It is often added to animal feed.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Rupture of bacterial cells due to mechanical force, chemical action, or the lytic growth of BACTERIOPHAGES.
The addition of an organic acid radical into a molecule.
Proteins found in any species of archaeon.
Pairing of purine and pyrimidine bases by HYDROGEN BONDING in double-stranded DNA or RNA.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of phosphatidylinositol (PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOLS) to phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate, the first committed step in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
Use of restriction endonucleases to analyze and generate a physical map of genomes, genes, or other segments of DNA.
Biologically active DNA which has been formed by the in vitro joining of segments of DNA from different sources. It includes the recombination joint or edge of a heteroduplex region where two recombining DNA molecules are connected.
Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.
Enzymes that catalyze DNA template-directed extension of the 3'-end of an RNA strand one nucleotide at a time. They can initiate a chain de novo. In eukaryotes, three forms of the enzyme have been distinguished on the basis of sensitivity to alpha-amanitin, and the type of RNA synthesized. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992).
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Transferases are enzymes transferring a group, for example, the methyl group or a glycosyl group, from one compound (generally regarded as donor) to another compound (generally regarded as acceptor). The classification is based on the scheme "donor:acceptor group transferase". (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
A naphthacene antibiotic that inhibits AMINO ACYL TRNA binding during protein synthesis.
A group of enzymes that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-galactosides. Deficiency of beta-Galactosidase A1 may cause GANGLIOSIDOSIS, GM1.
A strain of MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS associated with mouse tumors similar to those caused by the FRIEND MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. It is a replication-competent murine leukemia virus. It can act as a helper virus when complexing with a defective transforming component, RAUSCHER SPLEEN FOCUS-FORMING VIRUS.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)
The accumulation of an electric charge on a object
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
Stable phosphorus atoms that have the same atomic number as the element phosphorus, but differ in atomic weight. P-31 is a stable phosphorus isotope.
A family of galactoside hydrolases that hydrolyze compounds with an O-galactosyl linkage. EC 3.2.1.-.
Procedures by which protein structure and function are changed or created in vitro by altering existing or synthesizing new structural genes that direct the synthesis of proteins with sought-after properties. Such procedures may include the design of MOLECULAR MODELS of proteins using COMPUTER GRAPHICS or other molecular modeling techniques; site-specific mutagenesis (MUTAGENESIS, SITE-SPECIFIC) of existing genes; and DIRECTED MOLECULAR EVOLUTION techniques to create new genes.
A non-essential amino acid. In animals it is synthesized from PHENYLALANINE. It is also the precursor of EPINEPHRINE; THYROID HORMONES; and melanin.
Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolases of ester bonds within DNA. EC 3.1.-.
A nitrosoguanidine derivative with potent mutagenic and carcinogenic properties.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Method for measuring viral infectivity and multiplication in CULTURED CELLS. Clear lysed areas or plaques develop as the VIRAL PARTICLES are released from the infected cells during incubation. With some VIRUSES, the cells are killed by a cytopathic effect; with others, the infected cells are not killed but can be detected by their hemadsorptive ability. Sometimes the plaque cells contain VIRAL ANTIGENS which can be measured by IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE.
An essential branched-chain amino acid important for hemoglobin formation.
An essential amino acid that is necessary for normal growth in infants and for NITROGEN balance in adults. It is a precursor of INDOLE ALKALOIDS in plants. It is a precursor of SEROTONIN (hence its use as an antidepressant and sleep aid). It can be a precursor to NIACIN, albeit inefficiently, in mammals.
A basic enzyme that is present in saliva, tears, egg white, and many animal fluids. It functions as an antibacterial agent. The enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrin. EC 3.2.1.17.
A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).
A group of deoxyribonucleotides (up to 12) in which the phosphate residues of each deoxyribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the deoxyribose moieties.
Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.
Mutagenesis where the mutation is caused by the introduction of foreign DNA sequences into a gene or extragenic sequence. This may occur spontaneously in vivo or be experimentally induced in vivo or in vitro. Proviral DNA insertions into or adjacent to a cellular proto-oncogene can interrupt GENETIC TRANSLATION of the coding sequences or interfere with recognition of regulatory elements and cause unregulated expression of the proto-oncogene resulting in tumor formation.
Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.
A species of POLYOMAVIRUS originally isolated from Rhesus monkey kidney tissue. It produces malignancy in human and newborn hamster kidney cell cultures.
Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.
The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.
Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.
Multicomponent ribonucleoprotein structures found in the CYTOPLASM of all cells, and in MITOCHONDRIA, and PLASTIDS. They function in PROTEIN BIOSYNTHESIS via GENETIC TRANSLATION.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ADENOSINE to INOSINE with the elimination of AMMONIA.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic factors influence the differential control of gene action in viruses.
The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.
Enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of the internal bonds and thereby the formation of polynucleotides or oligonucleotides from ribo- or deoxyribonucleotide chains. EC 3.1.-.
NMR spectroscopy on small- to medium-size biological macromolecules. This is often used for structural investigation of proteins and nucleic acids, and often involves more than one isotope.
A DNA-dependent DNA polymerase characterized in prokaryotes and may be present in higher organisms. It has both 3'-5' and 5'-3' exonuclease activity, but cannot use native double-stranded DNA as template-primer. It is not inhibited by sulfhydryl reagents and is active in both DNA synthesis and repair. EC 2.7.7.7.
An essential amino acid that is required for the production of HISTAMINE.
Processes involved in the formation of TERTIARY PROTEIN STRUCTURE.
The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
An enzyme that catalyzes the acetylation of chloramphenicol to yield chloramphenicol 3-acetate. Since chloramphenicol 3-acetate does not bind to bacterial ribosomes and is not an inhibitor of peptidyltransferase, the enzyme is responsible for the naturally occurring chloramphenicol resistance in bacteria. The enzyme, for which variants are known, is found in both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. EC 2.3.1.28.
Techniques used to separate mixtures of substances based on differences in the relative affinities of the substances for mobile and stationary phases. A mobile phase (fluid or gas) passes through a column containing a stationary phase of porous solid or liquid coated on a solid support. Usage is both analytical for small amounts and preparative for bulk amounts.
Proteins found in ribosomes. They are believed to have a catalytic function in reconstituting biologically active ribosomal subunits.
The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.
The outer protein protective shell of a virus, which protects the viral nucleic acid.

Spirochete and protist symbionts of a termite (Mastotermes electrodominicus) in Miocene amber. (1/41)

Extraordinary preservation in amber of the Miocene termite Mastotermes electrodominicus has led to the discovery of fossil symbiotic microbes. Spirochete bacteria and wood-digesting protists were identified in the intestinal tissue of the insect. Fossil wood (xylem: developing vessel-element cells, fibers, pit connections), protists (most likely xylophagic amitochondriates), an endospore (probably of the filamentous intestinal bacterium Arthromitus = Bacillus), and large spirochetes were seen in thin section by light and transmission electron microscopy. The intestinal microbiota of the living termite Mastotermes darwiniensis, a genus now restricted to northern Australia, markedly resembles that preserved in amber. This is a direct observation of a 20-million-year-old xylophagus termite fossil microbial community.  (+info)

Description of Pintomyia (Pifanomyia) Falcaorum sp. n. (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae), a fossil sand fly from dominican amber. (2/41)

A new species of sand fly, Pintomyia (Pifanomyia) falcaorum is described from an amber originated from the northern mountain range of Dominican Republic. The male sand fly specimen is well preserved and most features used in Phlebotominae taxonomy are seen with remarkable clarity.  (+info)

Extinction and biogeography in the Caribbean: new evidence from a fossil riodinid butterfly in Dominican amber. (3/41)

We describe a new species of extinct riodinid butterfly, Voltinia dramba, from Oligo-Miocene Dominican amber (15-25 Myr ago). This appears to be the first butterfly to be taxonomically described from amber, and the first adult riodinid fossil. The series of five specimens represents probably the best-preserved fossil record for any lepidopteran. The phenomenon of extant Voltinia females ovipositing on arboreal epiphytes probably explains the discovery of multiple female V. dramba specimens in amber. Voltinia dramba appears to be one of many extinct butterfly species on Hispaniola. The northwestern Mexican distribution of the explicitly hypothesized sister species, the extant V. danforthi, supports the hypothesis that V. dramba reached Hispaniola by the 'proto-Greater Antillean arc', dating the divergence of V. dramba and V. danforthi to 40-50 Myr ago. This date is contemporaneous with the oldest known butterfly fossils, and implies a more ancient date of origin for many of the higher-level butterfly taxa than is often conceded.  (+info)

Ancient genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (4/41)

Amber is a plant resin mainly produced by coniferous trees that, after entrapping a variety of living beings, was subjected to a process of fossilization until it turned into yellowish, translucent stones. It is also one of the best sources of ancient DNA on which to perform studies on evolution. Here a method for the sterilization of amber that allows reliable ancient DNA extraction with no actual DNA contamination is described. Working with insects taken from amber, it was possible to amplify the ATP9, PGU1 and rRNA18S ancient genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae corresponding to samples from the Miocene and Oligocene. After comparison of the current genes with their ancient (up to 35-40 million years) counterparts it was concluded that essential genes such as rRNA18S are highly conserved and that even normal 'house-keeping' genes, such as PGU1, are strikingly conserved along the millions of years that S. cerevisiae has evolved.  (+info)

Cellular fine structures and histochemical reactions in the tissue of a cypress twig preserved in Baltic amber. (5/41)

A twig of a cypress plant preserved for ca. 45 Myr in Baltic amber was analysed by light and electron microscopy. Cross-sections of the whole plant showed an almost intact tissue of the entire stem and leaves, revealing, to our knowledge, the oldest and most highly preserved tissue from an amber inclusion reported so far. The preparations are based on a new technique of internal imbedding, whereby the hollow spaces within the inclusion are filled with synthetic resin which stabilizes the cellular structures during the sectioning procedure. Cytological stains applied to the sections reacted with cell walls and nuclei. A strong green auto-fluorescence of the cuticle and the resin canals in the leaves was observed. Transmission electron micrographs revealed highly preserved fine structures of cell walls, membranes and organelles. The results were compared with taxonomically related recent Glyptostrobus and Juniperus plants.  (+info)

First identifiable Mesozoic harvestman (Opiliones: Dyspnoi) from Cretaceous Burmese amber. (6/41)

Two inclusions in a piece of Upper Cretaceous (Albian) Burmese amber from Myanmar are described as a harvestman (Arachnida: Opiliones), Halitherses grimaldii new genus and species. The first Mesozoic harvestman to be named can be referred to the suborder Dyspnoi for the following reasons: prosoma divided into two regions, the posterior formed by the fusion of the meso- and metapeltidium; palp lacking a terminal claw, with clavate setae, and tarsus considerably shorter than the tibia. The bilobed, anteriorly projecting ocular tubercle is reminiscent of that of ortholasmatine nemastomatids. The status of other Mesozoic fossils referred to Opiliones is briefly reviewed.  (+info)

Early Cretaceous spider web with its prey. (7/41)

The orb web is a spectacular evolutionary innovation that enables spiders to catch flying prey. This elegant, geometric structure is woven with silk fibers that are renowned for their superior mechanical properties. We used silk gland expression libraries to address a long-standing controversy concerning the evolution of the orb-web architecture. Contrary to the view that the orb-web design evolved multiple times, we found that the distribution and phylogeny of silk proteins support a single, ancient origin of the orb web at least 136 million years ago. Furthermore, we substantially expanded the repository of silk sequences that can be used for the synthesis of high-performance biomaterials.  (+info)

Amber from western Amazonia reveals Neotropical diversity during the middle Miocene. (8/41)

Tertiary insects and arachnids have been virtually unknown from the vast western Amazonian basin. We report here the discovery of amber from this region containing a diverse fossil arthropod fauna (13 hexapod families and 3 arachnid species) and abundant microfossil inclusions (pollen, spores, algae, and cyanophyceae). This unique fossil assemblage, recovered from middle Miocene deposits of northeastern Peru, greatly increases the known diversity of Cenozoic tropical-equatorial arthropods and microorganisms and provides insights into the biogeography and evolutionary history of modern Neotropical biota. It also strengthens evidence for the presence of more modern, high-diversity tropical rainforest ecosystems during the middle Miocene in western Amazonia.  (+info)

Kimberlite is a type of potassic volcanic rock best known for sometimes containing diamonds. It is named after the town of Kimberley in South Africa, where the discovery of an 83.5-carat (16.7 g) diamond in 1871 spawned a diamond rush, eventually creating the Big Hole.. Kimberlite occurs in the Earths crust in vertical structures known as kimberlite pipes. Kimberlite pipes are the most important source of mined diamonds today. The consensus on kimberlites is that they are formed deep within the mantle. Formation occurs at depths between 150 and 450 kilometres (93 and 280 mi), from anomalously enriched exotic mantle compositions, and are erupted rapidly and violently, often with considerable carbon dioxide and other volatile components. It is this depth of melting and generation which makes kimberlites prone to hosting diamond xenocrysts.. Kimberlite has attracted more attention than its relative volume might suggest that it deserves. This is largely because it serves as a carrier of diamonds ...
A new genus and species of Snail-killing flies, Dominimyza tanyacaena, n. gen., n. sp. (Diptera: Sciomyzidae) is described from Dominican amber. Diagnostic characters for Dominimyza include a propleuron with a strong bristle, an elongate porrect flagellum with a long, finely pubescent arista, divergent ocellar, post-ocellar and outer vertical bristles, convergent inner vertical bristles, two pairs of frontal-orbital bristles, scutellum with two pairs of marginal scutellar bristles, vallar bristles present, a strong bristle present near the middle of the anterior face of the mid-femora, a clear wing with fuscous areas, A₁ fading as it nears the wing margin, R₁ extending apicad of the anterior crossvein and the absence of preapical bristles on the fore tibia. This is the first description of a Snail-killing fly in Dominican amber ...
This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Enrique Peñalver, Antonio Arillo, Xavier Delclòs, David Peris, David A. Grimaldi, Scott R. Anderson, Paul C. Nascimbene, Ricardo Pérez-de la Fuente (2017): parasitised feathered dinosaurs as Cretaceous amber assemblages revealed. Nature Communications 8 (1924): 1-13, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-01550-z ...
Lot of 4 natural Baltic Amber stones genuine 20 grams old vintage retro antique authentic butterscotch / egg yolk / yellow.Ruler in the pictures is in centimeters. Scales shows weight in grams.This item is made of 100% natural Baltic Amber.You get the exact item that you see in the pictures.Conditi
The 99-million-year-old frogs come from the same amber deposits in northern Myanmar that have produced many exquisite fossils, including a dinosaur tail, a couple of baby birds, intact bird wings, and countless insects. Bits of bamboo, velvet worms, and aquatic spiders also found in this amber suggest that the Cretaceous environment was a rain forest, since similar species are commonly found in wet tropical forests today. ...
This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Parisi, Francesco, Fanti, Fabrizio (2019): A new fossil Malthodes Kiesenwetter, 1852 from the Eocene Baltic amber (Coleoptera Cantharidae). Zootaxa 4652 (1): 189-195, DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4652.1.13 ...
Baltic Amber Teething Necklaces - Healing Amber Necklaces in Canada. Healing Amber teething necklaces are an amber necklace for teething pain. Amber teething necklace for teething pain. Canadas best healing amber necklaces & teething necklaces in Canada
Amber INFANT Black Anklet from Wee Rascals. Approximately 15cm. Genuine Baltic Amber Made in Lithuania. Amber is naturally occuring and due to being handmade each piece is unique. Sizes and colours may vary slightly. For Teething:. Natural Baltic amber teething necklaces have anti-inflammatory and therapeutic properties, which make these necklaces the ideal solution for parents looking for a natural product to relieve the symptoms of teething. Natural Baltic amber will promote fast healing and boost the immune sys-tem. It will aid in the reduction of acidity in the body, redness in the cheeks due to teething, swollen gums, nappy rash, and fevers.. For Breast Feeding:. In addition to the therapeutic aspects of having Baltic amber near the breast during feeding, which may help to reduce inflammation, tenderness and mastitis, A nursing necklace is designed to appeal to your babys senses - vision, touch, hearing. Wearing a nursing necklace refocuses your baby during feeding time, encouraging baby ...
Baltic amber stone with fossil inclusion - rare pine cone Pinaceae, a bit cut. It weighs 0.7 grams. Measurements of stone 15x15x4mm, length of plant ~ 6.3mm. I can send digital high resolution picture by e-mail for p.... ...
Baltic amber stone with fossil inclusion - rare pine cone Pinaceae, a bit cut. It weighs 0.7 grams. Measurements of stone 15x15x4mm, length of plant ~ 6.3mm. I can send digital high resolution picture by e-mail for p.... ...
Dazzle your audience with these genuine Baltic amber and sterling silver decor earrings! Their ornate frame and golden color makes them stand out from the crowd
Pain Relief Strengthens the bodys immune system Restoring Energy Maintaining Wellness To help break a cycle of (chronic) inflammation Historically, Baltic Amber has been used in Europe as a natural and traditional remedy and curative for many ailments for centuries. Long ago it was considered one of the leading medici
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12030. Friedrich, F., Matsumura, Y., Pohl, H., Bai, M., Hörnschemeyer, T. & Beutel, R.G. (2014) Insect morphology in the age of phylogenomics: innovative techniques and its future role in systematics. Entomological Science, 17, 1-24.. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ens.12053. Grimaldi, D. & Engel, M.S. (2005) Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 755 pp.. Hamilton, K.G.A. (1981) Morphology and evolution of the rhynchotan head (Insecta: Hemiptera, Homoptera). Canadian Entomologists, 113, 953-974.. http://dx.doi.org/10.4039/Ent113953-11. Hörnschemeyer, T. (2002) Phylogenetic significance of the wing-base of the Holometabola (Insecta). Zoologica Scripta, 31, 17-29.. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.0300-3256.2001.00086.x. Huang, D.Y., Nel, A., Azar, D. & Nel, P. (2008) Phylogenetic relationships of the Mesozoic paraneopteran family Archipsyllidae (Insecta: Psocodea). Geobios, 41, 461-464.. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geobios.2007.11.003. Ishiwata, ...
I have been doing some recent work with Columbian Amber/Copal and thought I would throw this out for a general discussion. It is fun, if nothing else Most of my life I have believed that there is no difference between Copal and Amber. I know chemically there is no difference between the two. Ambe...
Just as the Mayan citadel looms over Tulums lush beachside paradise, a steep, mineral cliff of incense dominates the olfactory landscape of ,b,Copal Azur,/b,. Since copal resin cannot be used as a perfume ingredient, three different extractions of frankincense are used to conjure this luxurious fragrance - from top to base notes. Meanwhile amber, cardamom, patchouli, myrrh, ozonic and salty notes, enthused by fresh-water pools that riddle Yucatan, ensure a mesmerising trial. ...
The sacred scent of copal continues to be a very popular incense.A 20gm box of copal scented, hand rolled, incense sticks.6 individual boxes per case.
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Bangalore, India, April 13 2010 - Underwriters Laboratories (UL), a global leader in drinking water quality and safety, today announced that Kimberlite Chemicals India Pvt. Ltd.,…
por le processing plant for kimberlite ProductsHGT gyratory crusher has many incomparable advantages such as high crushing efficiency, low production cost and s
Brown, RJ, Field, M, Gernon, TM, Gilbertson, M & Sparks, RSJ (2008). Problems with an in-vent column collapse model for the emplacement of massive volcaniclastic kimberlite. A discussion of In-vent column collapse as an alternative model for massive volcaniclastic kimberlite emplacement: An example from the Fox kimberlite, Ekati Diamond Mine, NWT, Canada by Porritt et al. [J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 174, 90-102]. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 178(4): 847-850. ...
Its a beaded necklace made of Amber, designed to be worn around a teething babys neck.. The benefits of the amber teething necklaces dont come from baby chewing on the beads but just from baby wearing the necklace.. But How?!. Amber is a gemstone, yellowish-orange in color and is made of resin from fossilized coniferous trees - trees so old they could make the talking ones in lord of the rings look young… seriously though, amber comes from extinct trees that existed up to 90 million years ago.. But, just like gold, not all amber is created equal.. There is amber and then theres Baltic amber and its kind of like comparing the Tesla Model S to the Model 3.. Baltic amber originates from the surrounding regions of the Baltic Sea. Its a unique type of amber because its composed of 8% succinic acid, also called amber acid. FYI this isnt the type of acid that Steve Jobs used to rave about either {not even close}.. Amber acid has anti-inflammatory properties and acts as an analgesic {fancy ...
Amber has been the subject of scientific studies which clearly indicate therapeutic properties. Amber is the fossilised resin from prehistoric trees with some dating as far back as 50 million years ago. The resin would have been used by the tree itself as a natural antibiotic or for preservation. For centuries it has been worn as a natural remedy for pain relief. When amber is worn on the skin, heat releases minuscule amounts of healing oils which are absorbed into the bloodstream. Scientific findings show that amber is electromagnet, producing significant amounts of organic, purely natural energy. ...
Buy now Baltic amber teething necklace made of the highest quality polished cognac and butterscotch free form Baltic amber beads.
|div style=font-family:raleway;| |p||span style=font-family: Raleway; font-size: 1.5em;|Amber Buddy Classic Collection|/span||/p| |p|Amber Buddy Classic Collection consists of the most popular colors and shapes.|br|It is suited for children from 3 u
|div style=font-family:raleway;| |p||span style=font-family: Raleway; font-size: 1.5em;|Amber Buddy Classic Collection|/span||/p| |p|Amber Buddy Classic Collection consists of the most popular colors and shapes.|br|It is suited for children from 3 u
even as the attacks started to fly from the peloton behind as the race entered the Old City of Baku. The game was finally up for the two leaders as the race crossed the finish line for a third time , 301 S. Friday. Elsie Lockes bookbut furniture falling is a persistent threat to climbing children and there will also be a musical tour through the Christmas customs of Britain.There will also be Christmas markets at the mac and a festive filmsaid. I had the privilege of serving with him in the House for six years. He worked hard for Alaska and even harder for Fairbanks. A charge of abandonment can be laid under either the Criminal Code or the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act. He urged anyone with information about the case to call the Kamloops SPCA at 376 7722. McKibbon would like to see the person responsible face some consequences. This lecture was all about going up! We firstly started off the lecture with reading definitions of contact improvisation which was interesting to see what other ...
Harold was Treasurer of Junior Achievement. The most important part of his life was family. He was an important role model for his children and grandchildren. Burial will be in Mt. Pleasant Cemetery. In lieu of flowers , and we have more policemen too. There are quite a few people live in Darwen and were not all deluded.People of Blackburn vote Jack Straw if you want another five years of crap from one of the most ineffectual and dishonest politicians ive known in my lifetime.Janet Anderson wont be Darwens MP come May. I urge the people of Blackburn to see sense and vote the idiot Straw out.Get rid of Labour they have destroyed this country.quotepbold/bold wrote: At least we can all sleep soundly in our beds at nighthe was given the book by an archbishop of the Episcopal Church around the time of The Last Temptation of Christ. This passion project stars Andrew Garfield borderline pornographic descriptions of savage violence couldn be filmed without alteration. And the impossibility of ...
University Relations is pleased to announce the latest winners of the Research Promotion Initiative. Each recipient will receive $1,000 to be used for his or her research. We encourage entries from all disciplines. For more information, including how to submit an entry, please go to http://identity.ufl.edu/rpi/. Dr. David Blackburn, Florida Museum of Natural History, 100 million-year-old fossil frogs in amber. Frogs have been around for more than 200 million years, but glimpsing their early heyday is tough. Often small and lightly built, frogs dont tend to preserve well and are poorly-represented in the fossil record compared with many other types of animals. Now, a new study presents the oldest frogs preserved in amber. These fossils, from the same Burmese amber deposits that produced a feathered dinosaur tail a couple of years ago, also provide the earliest direct evidence of frogs in wet, tropical forests. While we often associate frogs with tropical forests, we havent known how old that ...
1 Personal life 2 Career 3 Filmography 4 Trivia 5 Gallery 6 References Facinelli was born to Bruna Reich and Pierino (Peter) Facinelli Sr. Little trinkets and toys will be given out with the codes. The Squadron Supreme has its roots in the Squadron Sinister, which first appeared in Avengers #69 as a pastiche of the Justice League. Visit the Fallen London Advent Calendar or the Failbetter Twitter page for the newest access codes! Kitsumaho, or Fox Magic, is an ability all Kitsunes have depending on the number of tails they have. Wikis. D&D Beyond It consists of four kimberlite pipes associated with the Lac de Gras kimberlite field and is located on an island 20 km 2 (7.7 sq mi) in Lac de Gras informally known as East Island. Peter Facinelli, born November 26, 1973,is an American actor, producer and author. If Cinders HP is lowered on every turn (Cant be removed) is not active on an ally: Inflicts Cinders HP is lowered on every turn (Cant be removed) Duration: Indefinite on one ally. After ...
The Strepsiptera are one of the strangest insect groups, little known to most people, and hardly seen even by entomologists unless they make a special effort to study them. All are obligate endoparasites in other insects and, as so often in parasitic groups, there are many unique morphological and biological adaptations. Their relationship to other orders is still not clear;
After rummaging through thousands of amber inclusions housed at the University of Alberta and the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology in Canada, researchers discovered 11 amber encased-feather fossils that provide the most detailed picture yet of early feather evolution.. 3 Comments. ...
Fossil onychophorans from Dominican and Baltic amber: Tertiaptus dominicanus n.g., n.sp. (Tertiapatidae n.fam.) and Succinipatopsis balticus n.g., n.sp. (Succinipatopsidae n.fam.) with a proposed classification of the subphylum Onychophora by George Poinar. In: Invertebrate Biology, v. 119, no. 1, p. 104-109, 2000 ...
Delhi: An Emerging Megacity RegionDelhi is a fast growing megalopolis, which also contributes to the growth of the National Capital Region (NCR). The urban planning approach has gone through quite some change in India. The book is a testimony to the changes that have taken place in the last two deca ...
The former home of Little London Plane will soon traffic in tamales and carne seca and lots of different Latin American beers.
Aguiar, A.P.; Janzen, J.-W. 2000(1999): An overview of fossil Stephanidae (Hymenoptera), with description of two new taxa from Baltic amber, and key to species of Electrostephanus Brues. Entomologica scandinavica, 30: 443-452 ...
A new species from the extinct ant genus Eocenomyrma, E. groehnisp. nov., is described based on worker from the Baltic amber (Late Eocene, Priabonian stage, 33.9-37.2 Ma). It the most resembles E. orthospina Dlussky et Radchenko, 2006 by shape of the propodeal spines and by the general appearance, but well differs from the latter by structure of the frontal carinae, which merging with the rugae th ...
A study to evaluate structural controls on the Buffalo Head Hills kimberlites in the Peerless Lake area of north-central Alberta was initiated because of the recognition of a set of north-trending lineaments that appear to be spatially correlated ... Show Abstract ...
Despite the large number of insect species, their fossils are found in only a few deposits scattered across the globe and through time. Their fossilisation has been facilitated by their external skeleton. One of the various forms of fossilisation, inclusion in amber, was popularised in a 1990s science-fiction film, Jurassic Park.
Scientists who study why species vanish are increasingly looking for ancient DNA. They find it easily enough in the movies; remember the mosquito blood in
Scientists on Tuesday unveiled fossilized remains of one of the oldest and most complete skeletons of an early primate, a finding they say could further our understanding of what our own ancestors might have looked like.
Scientists have unearthed an early Cambrian fossil that displays the creatures nervous system. What makes this find significant?
Long before there were households, there were household pests.One of those ancient nuisances made history today, when scientists announced they have found the oldest strand of DNA ever examined,
Rutgers University is an equal access/equal opportunity institution. Individuals with disabilities are encouraged to direct suggestions, comments, or complaints concerning any accessibility issues ...
FOSSIL animals discovered in some 540-million-year-old Arctic rocks may force biologists to rethink their ideas about the evolution of invertebrates.Accord
Captive bead rings are a body jewelry favorite because they look great in a variety of piercings, and the captive bead makes for easy insertion and a secure hold. Once you find your preferred jewelry style, however, its hard not to get bored by the standard. With the Baltic Amber Twisted Captive Bead Ring, youll be able to enjoy all of the benefits of a captive bead hoop with a fresh new take. In addition to the unique style, you can reap the rewards the amazing natural boosters Baltic Amber has to offer and rock your new ring with extra energy!
Baltic Amber bracelet natural genuine stones real authentic 14 grams unique mens / womens / unisex jewelry butterscotch / egg yolk / yellow / black / brindled.Ruler in the pictures is in centimeters. Scales shows weight in grams.This item is 100% natural Baltic Amber.You get the exact ite
The cortices of pieces of Cretaceous amber around the world commonly are constituted by networks of filamentous structures. Based on their morphological characteristics, such structures have previously been classified in different microorganismal groups. Their correct interpretation, however, is of great importance to establish the conditions of the resins burial in the forest litter, and can provide important clues regarding the ecology and environmental conditions of Cretaceous resinous forests. Because these networks of filamentous structures present typical fungal morphological features we conducted a study in order to resolve their origin. The cortices of several pieces of Cretaceous amber from Spain were examined using light and scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and confocal laser scanning microscopy. This is the first time that Calcofluor white and Wheat germ agglutinin conjugated with fluorescein isothiocyanate have been employed as fungal markers in ...
Dominican Republic Government Stats, NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Dominican-Republic/Government. Dominican Republic Government Stats, NationMaster. 1844-2014. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Dominican-Republic/Government,.. Dominican Republic Government Stats, NationMaster, ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Dominican-Republic/Government, [assessed 1844-2014]. Dominican Republic Government Stats, NationMaster [Internet]. 1844-2014. Avaliable from: ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Dominican-Republic/Government,.. Dominican Republic Government Stats, NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1844-2014.. Dominican Republic Government Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Dominican-Republic/Government (assessed 1844-2014). Dominican Republic Government Stats, NationMaster, ...
About the copal, this is the biggest problem to get good substitute, because even we dont know what the original must be. The Zanzibar copal mentioned in Livache & McIntosh book, was taken out from Trachilobium Hornemannianum. I have looked at the internet and its in a same Hymenaea family. So it could not be very far from Manilla copal and there arent good alternative at the moment. I tried Mexican copal and other transparent resins from South America or Egypt and so on, but they dont dissolve in ethanol very well. Madagascar copal dissolves in Ethanol if it is left about 3 days in a warm room. The effect of fossilized resin and raw resin from live trees could make different quality varnish, especially the hardness.I always felt the surfaces of Best White Varnish of S&P (made with Manila or Kauri) are too soft to get good gloss even after a few weeks.. The biggest problem of Best White Varnishes, which I made with Manilla or Kauri, was, obvious clacks appeared within a few months and turned ...
In our April 27 Facebook Live session, Co-director Jeremy McDermott spoke with Senior Editor Mike LaSusa about InSight Crimes research and reporting on the Dominican Republics growing role in the global drug trade.. The conversation opened with LaSusa discussing the recent arrest of several suspected Dominican gang members in New York City, which served as a reminder of the dominance Dominican gangs have asserted over the cocaine trade in the United States biggest city, as well as in several other cities on the East Coast.. McDermott spoke about his recent research trip to the Dominican Republic, where the head of the national anti-drug police told him that as much as 120 tons of cocaine - some 15 percent of annual global production - flows through the island nation each year, a large percentage of which is destined to Europe where Dominican crime groups also maintain a presence in several major cities. SEE ALSO: Coverage of the Dominican Republic. LaSusa and McDermott also discussed the role ...
The Dominican Republic has unlawfully expelled hundreds of Dominicans to Haiti who have been caught in the middle of a wave of returns and deportations of more than 100,000 people in recent months, Amnesty International said in a new report a year after the Dominican Republic ended a moratorium on deportations on June 18, 2015.. Where are We Going to Live? Migration and Statelessness in Haiti and the Dominican Republic reveals the reckless way in which the two governments are handling the deportation, expulsion and spontaneous return of tens of thousands of people from the Dominican Republic to Haiti following an 18-month long regularization plan for undocumented foreigners living in the Dominican Republic.. Since arbitrarily stripping thousands of Dominicans of Haitian descent of their nationality, Dominican authorities created a human rights crisis that is leaving tens of thousands of people in an absolute and desperate legal limbo, said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas Director at Amnesty ...
Jatobá Family: Fabaceae Genus: Hymenaea Species: courbaril Synonyms: Hymenaea animifera, H. candolleana, H. multiflora, H. resinifera, H. retusa, H. stilbocarpa, Inga megacarpa Common Names: Jatoba, jatobá, stinking toe, algarrobo, azucar huayo, jataí, copal, Brazilian copal, courbaril, nazareno, Cayenne copal, demarara copal, gomme animee, pois confiture, guapinol, guapinole, loksi, South American locust Part Used: Bark, resin, leaves JATOBA Herbal Properties and Actions …. Locust Bark - Jatoba - Stinking ToeRead More. ...
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1. Ballard, J. W., Hatzidakis, J., Karr, T. L., and Kreitman, M. 1996. Reduced variation in Drosophila simulans mitochondrial DNA. Genetics 144:1519-28.. 2. Barton-Wright, E. C., Booth, R. G., and Pringle, W. J. S. 1944. Analysis of barley from king Tutankhamuns tomb. Nature 153:288.. 3. Beckenbach, A. T. 1995. Age of bacteria in amber (letter). Science 270:2015-2016.. 4. Boyd, W. C. and Boyd, L. G. 1937. Blood group testing on 800 mummies. Journal of Immunology, 32:307-316.. 5. Cano, R. J. and Borucki, M. K. 1995. Revival and identification of bacterial spores in 25- 40-million-year-old Dominican amber. Science 268:1060-1064.. 6. Cano, R. J. 1995. Age of bacteria in amber (Response). Science 270:2016-2017.. 7. DeSalle, R., Gatesy, J., Wheeler, W., and Grimaldi, D. 1995. DNA Sequences from a fossil termite in Oligio-miocene amber and their phylogenetic implications. Science 257:1933-1936.. 8. Handt, O., Hoss, M., Krings, M., and Paabo, S. 1994. Ancient DNA: methodological challenges. ...
Nothing gets between a fiercely protective mother spider and her children. Dripping tree resin trapped adult female spiders and baby spiderlings about 99 million years ago, forever showcasing the maternal care exhibited by these arthropods, according to new research.. The Lagonomegopidae family of spiders is now extinct, but spiders have a long history and first appeared during the Carboniferous period between 359 to 299 million years ago.. The fossilized Burmese amber pieces tell two different stories. A study detailing the observations of the amber specimens published Tuesday in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.. One shows a female lagonomegopid spider clutching an egg sac containing eggs about to hatch (you can see the little pre-hatchlings within the egg sac), said study author Paul Selden, the Gulf-Hedberg Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of Kansas, in an email. This is exactly how a living female spider which is nestled in a crevice ...
The fossilized Burmese amber pieces tell two different stories. A study detailing the observations of the amber specimens published Tuesday in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.. One shows a female lagonomegopid spider clutching an egg sac containing eggs about to hatch (you can see the little pre-hatchlings within the egg sac), said study author Paul Selden, the Gulf-Hedberg Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of Kansas, in an email. This is exactly how a living female spider which is nestled in a crevice in tree bark would look (in this case, right before being swamped with tree resin).. Other pieces of amber show a group of tiny spiderlings that had just hatched. This shows that a female lagonomegopid spider guarded her egg sac from harm. Once the spiderlings hatched, they stayed together and were guarded by their mother - as evidenced by the Lagonomegopidae leg fragments from the same piece of amber.. This suggests that baby spiderlings ...
Presented is the first absolute age for the basal Albian from the Schwicheldt Ton Member, Gault Formation, Vöhrum, Germany. A 206Pb/238U age of 113.1 ± 0.3 Ma is determined for chemically abraded zircon from a tuff horizon 65 cm above the Aptian/Albian boundary. The new U-Pb age, although within uncertainty of the GTS 2008 determination (112 ± 1 Ma), is nominally older. The younger GTS 2008 basal Albian age is obtained from cyclostratigraphy using an 40Ar-39Ar age from the base Cenomanian. The nominal difference between the GTS 2008 age and new basal Albian age is consistent with the documented ca. 0.65% bias between U-Pb and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology. The new 206Pb/238U age calls into question a recently published age for the basal Albian (106.9 ± 0.4 Ma) determined from K-Ar glauconite analysis, as well as the K-Ar age for the GL-O international standard. Rhenium-osmium isotope analysis of the basal Albian grey clay of the Schwicheldt Ton Member, Gault Formation and basal Turonian grey shale ...
July 19, 2017 - A 9-year-old boy walking through the New Mexico desert stumbled upon an extremely rare find-a million-year-old Stegomastodon fossil. While hiking with his family, the boy literally tripped over the fossil as it protruded from the ground. Stegomastodons were ancient tusked mammals, distant cousins to mammoths and modern elephants. They lived an estimated 1.2 million years ago. Only a couple hundred Stegomastodon fossils have been discovered in the world. The fossil was eventually excavated and brought to a museum.Click here to read Boy Found Million-Year-Old Fossil by Tripping Over It.
July 19, 2017 - A 9-year-old boy walking through the New Mexico desert stumbled upon an extremely rare find-a million-year-old Stegomastodon fossil. While hiking with his family, the boy literally tripped over the fossil as it protruded from the ground. Stegomastodons were ancient tusked mammals, distant cousins to mammoths and modern elephants. They lived an estimated 1.2 million years ago. Only a couple hundred Stegomastodon fossils have been discovered in the world. The fossil was eventually excavated and brought to a museum.Click here to read Boy Found Million-Year-Old Fossil by Tripping Over It.
Montréal, July 20, 2005 - As of July 20, 2005, Héma-Québec has changed its blood donor selection criteria with respect to malaria. Tourists who travelled to the province of La Altagracia in the Dominican Republic, in particular, Bayahibe, Romana, Punta Cana as well as tourist sites on the islands of Catalina and Saona, and who have been back in Canada since May 6, may now give blood again. Note that there is no risk in the following Dominican Republic seaside resorts and cities: Bocachica, Cabarete, Juan Dolio, Puerto Plata, Santo Domingo, Sosua, Las Terenas and the Samana Peninsula.. Blood donors who have travelled since May 6 in regions of the Dominican Republic which are now considered no-risk, MUST call 1-800-847-2525, Monday to Friday, from 8:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m., Saturday, from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., and Sunday, from 9:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m., BEFORE going to a blood drive site. Héma-Québec representatives will assess their eligibility to give blood according to their trip and the new ...
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2018.05.17 - Phen375 Sabana Grande De Boya Dominican Republic : Reviews And Where to Buy?. Phen375 Sabana Grande De Boya Dominican Republic: Evaluations And Where to Buy? Phen375 could aid folks in Sabana Grande De Boya Dominican Republic securely lose up to 10 pounds in the initial 2 weeks. If you take it for 6 weeks, the ordinary weight loss was stated to be 25 pounds and additional for even more over weight individuals.
Schaup-Werner died of respiratory failure and pulmonary edema, according to the hotel. Kimberly Guilfoyle, Donald Trump Jr. What Would You Do? The U. State Department said back in June that, despite the deaths, it had not seen an uptick in fatal incidents. Shows Good Morning America. Toxicology tests done by the FBI have confirmed that three American tourists found dead this spring in the Dominican Republic died of natural causes, the U. The FBI was assisting in the probe at the neighboring resorts in the Caribbean nation.. The View. This Week. Our investigation is continuing, and we will not have any further comment until we receive the results of our investigation. ABC Dominican republic deaths 2020 Live.. Kanye West celebrates July 4th by saying hes running for president. The results were consistent with the findings of local authorities, according to a statement from the State Department on Friday. As monuments fall, Confederate carving has size on its side. Their deaths were among the ...
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The oldest named fossil tabanid is a species of Tabanus from the Eocene/ Oligocene deposits of the Isle of Wight described by Cockerell (1921c). The species of Haematopota described by Stuckenberg (1975) as from Baltic amber has been shown by Lewis et al. (1977) to actually be a copal inclusion from an unknown locality in Africa. An older undetermined compression fossil of Tabanidae from the Middle Jurassic Mont-Saint-Marin deposit in Luxemburg was noted by Maurice (1882). There are Cretaceous genera described by Kovalev (1986) from Mongolia, but are treated in this catalog as unplaced in Tabanoidea ...
BREVIOR M tuls ennn i LompaFadfe JL ****• \\m\\w,»n *••!... US ISSN 0006-9698 Cambridge, Mass. 8 May 2012 Number 529 A NEW AMBER-EMBEDDED SPHAERODACTYL GECKO FROM HISPANIOLA, WITH COMMENTS ON MORPHOLOGICAL SYNAPOMORPHIES OF THE SPHAERODACTYLIDAE Juan D. Daza 1 and Aaron M. Bauer 1 - 2 Abstract. A new species of Sphaerodactylus (Squamata: Gekkota: Sphaerodactylidae) is described from an amber inclusion from the late Early Miocene or early Middle Miocene (15 to 20 million years ago) of the Dominican Republic. Unlike earlier amber-embedded specimens assigned to this genus, the new specimen is largely skeletal, with some integument remaining. A combination of 258 (of 674) osteological and external characters could be scored for the new species in a cladistic analysis of 21 gekkotan species, including representatives of all sphaerodactylid genera. The most parsimonious trees obtained confirm the placement of the amber gecko within the genus Sphaerodactylus and a comparison with extant ...
The Application of Biofluid Mechanics: Boundary Effects on Phoretic Motions of Colloidal Spheres focuses on the phoretic motion behavior of various micron- to nanometer-size particles. The content of this book is divided into two parts: one on the concentration gradient-driven diffusiophoresis
Emit a sensual song of pure plant poetry of sultry musk from your pits! Living Libations Copal Musk Underarm Charm Crème Deodorantcontains skin-soothing and captivating-corporeal essences to keep your underarms smooth, fresh, and fabulously fragrant.. With Copal Musk Underarm Charm, odors are neutralized and your natural pheromones are synthesized with pure-source plant oils. It features Copal, Sandalwood and Musk Mallow essences, which create a spirited tantric-triple-threat of arousing-euphoria, all dipped in sensual cacao butter, balancing baking soda, and silkifying arrow root.. Apply a swipe to each armpit to arouse your underarms and admirers with poetic aromas of sultry musk that will turn your sweat into scented stardust.. ...
Three issues immediately put Dominican Republic brides forward of various mail order brides. Eventually Anna educated Mursel that she cant marry him if his household doesnt find out about her children. Dominican girls are very critical about their traditions and would acknowledge it should you had the equal ranges of respect as them. Their tradition could be very numerous and is stuffed with newer options which could probably be very totally different from the Western one.. One of those components is the Dominican mail order brides wish to have totally different lives and relationships. Informal unions are common in the Dominican Republic, whereby girls and adolescents transfer into the homes of grownup males and switch into their wives. The most generally spoken language in the Dominican Republic is Spanish, however the wonderful news is that it wont make your relationship more difficult. There is a big chance that you already know a bit of Spanish from school and your Dominican bride is ...
File Title: Bicalcasura maculata n. gen., n. sp (Curculionoidea: Dryophthoridae) with a list of weevils described from Dominican amber ...
Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. 222 pp. Cambridge, Mass.. Bolton, B., G. Alpert, P. S. Ward, and P. Naskrecki. 2007. Bolton s Catalogue of ants of the world. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, CD-ROM.. Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. 370 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Vol. 71. Gainesville, FL.. Brand o, C. R. F., C. Baroni Urbani, J. Wagensberg, and C. I. Yamamoto. 1998. New Technomyrmex in Dominican amber, with a reappraisal of Dolichoderinae phylogeny. Entomologica Scandinavica 29: 411-428.. Giraud, T., J. S. Pedersen, and L. Keller. 2002. Evolution of supercolonies: The Argentine ants of southern Europe. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99: 6075-6079.. H lldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. 732 pp. Harvard University Press.. Holway, D. A., L. Lach, A. V. Suarez, N. D. Tsutsui, and T. J. Case. 2002. The Causes and Consequences of Ant Invasions, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33: ...
In the Colonial Zone on July 8, 2001 the Association of Spanish Festivities in Dominican Republic held the islands first bull run, a version of Spains San Fermin bull run. A three-minute bull run took place from Calle Atarazana, through Vicente Celestino Duarte to Cristobal Colon. Youths raced and the poor, confused bulls had no idea what was happening. It seems that the Dominican bulls were just too lazy, resulting in them having to be pushed through the streets, instead of them chasing the participants.. *Did you know that there was a small town in Dominican Republic where it was discovered and documented in the early 1970s that girls turned into boys? It seems that children appearing to be girls turned into men at puberty. First girls when they reached puberty they grew testes, and a penis. They called these children guevedoces which literally means penis at 12 years. Also known locally as machihembras (first women, then man). It was published in the American Journal of Medicine. For ...
This is not an Earwig, but it does remind us of a very unusual beetle we have in our archive, the Ship-Timber Beetle. We have a representative that was photographed in Costa Rica and it has been identified as being in the family Lymexylidae and the genus Atractocerus. We will need to do additional research to see if the Ship-Timber Beetles are known to be found in Africa. This posting from Beetles in the Bush makes our identification likely correct. According to Beetles in the Bush: Atractocerus species are rarely encountered and therefore, not well studied. Their evolutionary history is still unknown; however, the oldest known lymexylid fossil is a very primitive member of the genus Atractocerus preserved in 100 myo Burmese amber (Grimwold & Engel 2005). Thus, the lineage containing these beetles had already appeared by the mid-Cretaceous and may have originated as early as the Jurassic, a fact that has earned them the moniker living fossils. These beetles were once thought to be among the ...
Public Release: 17-Jan-2019 , Two tiny beetle fossils offer evolution and biogeography clues , Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters , [snip] Recently, an international team led by Dr. CAI Chenyang, from the Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, reported two new and rare species of the extant family Clambidae from Burmese amber: Acalyptomerus thayerae Cai and Lawrence, 2019, and Sphaerothorax uenoi Cai and Lawrence, 2019. They are important for understanding the early evolution and biogeography of the family and even for polyphagan beetles.[/snip] , Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological ...
Survival rate to Grade 4 of primary education, female (%) in Dominican Republic was reported at 89.55 % in 2017, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Dominican Republic - Survival rate to Grade 4 of primary education, female - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on July of 2020.
The Dominican Republic has enjoyed strong GDP growth since 2005, and continued to post sound gains through mid-2008. The global recession, however, had a significant impact on GDP growth in the latter half of the year as tourism and remittances, two of the Dominican Republics most important economic contributors, showed signs of slowing. The economy is highly dependent upon the US, the source of nearly three-fourths of exports, and remittances represent about a tenth of GDP, equivalent to almost half of exports and three-quarters of tourism receipts. The country has long been viewed primarily as an exporter of sugar, coffee, and tobacco, but in recent years the service sector has overtaken agriculture as the economys largest employer due to growth in tourism and free trade zones. Although 2007 saw inflation rates averaging around 6%, inflation rates in 2008 grew to over 11% on average for the first 3 quarters. High food prices, driven by the effects of consecutive tropical storms on ...
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Comprehensive listing of the demographics of Dominican Republic including economy, people, geography, communication and transportation and the Doing Business in Dominican Republic rankings
The Dominican Republic has enjoyed strong GDP growth since 2005 and continued to post sound gains through mid-2008. The global recession, however, had a significant impact on GDP growth in the latter half of the year as tourism and remittances, two of the Dominican Republics most important economic contributors, showed signs of slowing. The economy is highly dependent upon the US, the destination for about two-thirds of exports. Remittances from the US amount to about a tenth of GDP, equivalent to almost half of exports and three-quarters of tourism receipts. The country has long been viewed primarily as an exporter of sugar, coffee, and tobacco but in recent years the service sector has overtaken agriculture as the economys largest employer due to growth in tourism and free trade zones. Although 2007 saw inflation around 6%, the rate grew to over 12% in 2008. High food prices, driven by the effects of consecutive tropical storms on agricultural products, and education prices were significant ...
just-drinks covers the beverage industry in Dominican Republic. We report daily on the latest beverage news, analysis and comment from Dominican Republic.
Labor Force Employment for Dominican Republic from International Monetary Fund (IMF) for the International Financial Statistics (IFS) release. This page provides forecast and historical data, charts, statistics, news and updates for Dominican Republic Labor Force Employment.
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SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic (AP) - Doctors removed David Ortizs gallbladder and part of his intestine after the beloved former Boston Red Sox slugger known as Big Papi was ambushed by a gunman at a bar in his native Dominican Republic, a spokesman said Monday.
The nearly complete and remarkably preserved skeleton of a small, 47 million-year-old creature found in Germany was displayed Tuesday by scientists who said it would help illuminate the evolutionary roots of monkeys, apes and humans. Experts praised the discovery for the level of detail it provided but said it was far from a breakthrough that would solve the puzzles of early evolution. Nobody is claiming that its a direct ancestor of monkeys and humans, but it provides a good indication of what a long-ago ancestor may have looked like, researchers said at a news conference. The fossil is the best preserved ever found for a primate, said Jorn Hurum, of the University of Oslo Natural History Museum, one of the scientists introducing the specimen. Beard said scientists already have a fossil from China of about the same age that is widely accepted as coming from monkey-ape-human ancestral line, and its much smaller than the new-found fossil and ate a different diet.
An exquisitely preserved fossil found in China still contains the original biological compounds that gave a 130-million-year-old bird its shading and colour.
A missing link in the evolution of the front claw of living scorpions and horseshoe crabs was identified with the discovery of a 390-million-year-old fossil by researchers at Yale and the University of Bonn, Germany.
Researchers have retrieved original pigment, beta-keratin and muscle proteins from a 54-million-year-old sea turtle hatchling. The work adds to the growing body of evidence supporting persistence of original molecules over millions of years and also provides direct evidence that a pigment-based survival trait common to modern sea turtles evolved at least 54 million years ago. 17th October 2017 01:18 PM More...
Gentarus beautiful earrings - finest Polish Baltic amber jewelry. Check out original amber earrings with cognac, yellow, cherry, green or milky amber.
Amber passed into Mughal hands without a war.[17] Jodhpur[edit]. Jaswant Singh was the leader of the Rathore in Jodhpur (in ... In Amber he announced his intention to march to Jodhpur when Mihrab Khan defeated Ajit Singh at Mairtha, and he reached the ... While the emperor was on his way to Deccan to punish Muhammad Kam Bakhsh the three Rajput Raja's of Amber, Udaipur and Jodhpur ... On 10 November Shah began his march to Amber (in Rajputana, present day Rajasthan state of India), visiting the tomb of Salim ...
Amber[edit]. For any emergency vehicle, amber lights can be used with or without blue, to warn other drivers the emergency ... Amber[edit]. Amber lights grant no priority in traffic and exist purely to advertise the vehicle's presence, usually as a ... Amber lights[edit]. Amber lights grant no priority in traffic and exist purely to advertise the vehicle's presence, except when ... Amber[edit]. Amber or yellow flashing lights and lightbars are for warning some special attribute (e.g. oversized, slow, ...
Even though amber is considered to be like gold, some people have russet or copper colored amber eyes that many people mistake ... This is how many people mistake hazel eyes to be amber and vice versa.[69][70][71][72][73][74][75] This can sometimes produce a ... Amber eyes should not be confused with hazel eyes; although hazel eyes may contain specks of amber or gold, they usually tend ... Amber eyes are of a solid color and have a strong yellowish/golden and russet/coppery tint. This may be due to the deposition ...
Amber Alert. In 1984, Sam Amirante, one of Gacy's two defense attorneys at his 1980 trial, authored procedures that were ... This has since developed into the Child Abduction Emergency-commonly known today as an Amber Alert.[249] ...
Along the Amber Road[edit]. Romanized tombs of Szombathely (Savaria)[citation needed], Sopron (Scarbantia)[22], Hegykő[23] and ... particularly from settlements that lay directly on the Amber Road[5]. The Franks document some of their missionary activity and ...
"Webmineral: Amber Mineral Data". Retrieved 2008-06-21.. *^ "Emporia State University: GO 340 Gemstones & Gemology: Jade". ... A principal example is amber, which is a form of fossilized resin.[10] ...
Amber 2015-16 The Rabbits Songbird Helpmann Award for Best New Australian Work (with Lally Katz and Iain Grandage). Helpmann ... Miller-Heidke sang the screen-role of Amber in the world premiere of Michel van der Aa's opera Sunken Garden for the English ...
amber - - - CRT Computer displays InBO3:Tb+InBO3:Eu+ZnS:Ag White - - - CRT - ...
Notable examples of plant resins include amber, Balm of Gilead, balsam, Canada balsam, Boswellia, copal from trees of Protium ... Amber is fossil resin (also called resinite) from coniferous and other tree species. Copal, kauri gum, dammar and other resins ... David Grimaldi, Amber: Window to the Past, 1996, p 16-20, American Museum of Natural History ... Subfossil copal can be distinguished from genuine fossil amber because it becomes tacky when a drop of a solvent such as ...
Amber. p. 194. ISBN 1904687385. .. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes ...
AMBER. Advanced Materials and Bio-engineering Research. 2013. http://www.ambercentre.ie ...
Amber. CBS pilot[24]. 2017. Trew Calling. Kendra. 2018. Nesting Doll. Kat. ...
"Amber Valley Borough Council. Retrieved 14 April 2016.. *^ "ALDI - High Street". Aldi Stores Limited. Retrieved 17 April 2016. ... Amber Valley Borough Council. 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2016.. *^ "Area: Heanor and Loscoe (Parish). Dwellings, Household Spaces ... Heanor ( /ˈhiːnə/) is a town in the Amber Valley district of Derbyshire in the East Midlands of England. It lies 8 miles (13 km ... For Amber Valley Borough Council, Heanor and Loscoe civil parish divides into three electoral wards - Heanor East, Heanor West ...
Esping, Amber. "Does Birth Order Affect Intelligence?". Human Intelligence.. *^ a b c Alan, E.S. (2012). "Issues in Birth Order ...
Amber Barsaleau. Area. • Total. 45.2 sq mi (117.2 km2). • Land. 44.7 sq mi (115.7 km2). ...
Kember, David; Ho, Amber; Hong, Celina (2008). "The importance of establishing relevance in motivating student learning". ...
Hogart, Amber; Wu, David; Lasalle, Janine M.; Schanen, N. Carolyn (2008). "The comorbidity of autism with the genomic disorders ...
Sulfur, together with carbon and iron salts, is used to form iron polysulfides and produce amber glass ranging from yellowish ...
van Heezik, Yolanda; Smyth, Amber; Mathieu, Renaud (2008). "Diversity of native and exotic birds across an urban gradient in a ...
Canobbio, Mary M.; Warnes, Carole A.; Aboulhosn, Jamil; Connolly, Heidi M.; Khanna, Amber; Koos, Brian J.; Mital, Seema; Rose, ...
Iain M. McIntyre; Amber Trochta; Ray D. Gary; Jennifer Wright; Othon Mena (December 2015). "An Acute Butyr-Fentanyl Fatality: A ...
"Amber Waves. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 23 March 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015.. ...
Amber Riley Glee actress Derek Hough Winner. on November 26, 2013 Scoring charts[edit]. Couple Place 1 2 1+2 3 4 5 6 7 6+7 8 9 ... Amber & Derek Cha-cha-cha Jive Charleston Tango Foxtrot Samba Switch-up 2 Paso doble Freestyle Rumba Immunity Quickstep Salsa ... Amber Riley. 30. Corbin Bleu. Jack Osbourne. 27 Couples' highest and lowest scoring dances[edit]. According to the traditional ... Amber & Derek 1. 2. 3. 4 Switch-Up 2 "Sexy and I Know It"-LMFAO. "The Blue Danube"-Johann Strauss II. "Chillando Goma"-Fulanito ...
Amber champagne E/- A/- d/d CH/- z/z cr/cr Prl/Prl ... Visually, the horse may be bay, buckskin, bay dun, amber ... Visually, the horse may be bay dun, grullo, red dun, palomino dun, amber dun, gray, and so on. Such a horse will always pass on ... Champagne: A rare but dominant dilution gene that creates pumpkin-colored freckled skin, amber, greenish, or blue eyes, and ... Affected horses are born with blue eyes which darken to amber, green, or light brown, and bright pink skin which acquires ...
"Amber Champagne". Classifications. Champagne Horse Breeders and Owners Association. Retrieved 2009-06-08. "Amber Champagne". ... Amber champagne is produced by the action of champagne on a bay coat. The coat is gold with chocolate points. Just as there are ... Amber cream, similarly, is an otherwise-bay coat affected by the champagne gene and a single copy of the cream gene. The mane ... Amber dun refers to an otherwise-bay coat affected by both the champagne gene and dun gene. The mane and tail and primitive ...
Oswald Syme retired in 1964 and his grandson Ranald Macdonald was appointed managing director at the age of 26 and Two years later he appointed Graham Perkin as editor. in order to ensure that the 36-year-old Perkin was free of board influence, Macdonald took on the role of editor-in-chief, a position he held until 1970. Together they radically changed the paper's format and shifted its editorial line from rather conservative liberalism to a new "left liberalism" characterised by attention to issues such as race, gender, the disabled and the environment, as well as opposition to White Australia and the death penalty. It also became more supportive of the Australian Labor Party after years of having usually supported the Coalition. The Liberal Premier of Victoria, Henry Bolte, subsequently called The Age "that pinko rag" in a view conservatives have maintained ever since. Former editor Michael Gawenda in his book American Notebook wrote that the "default position of most journalists at The Age ...
Gabbey, Amber. "Lordosis". Healthline Networks Incorporated. Retrieved 10 December 2013.. *. Gylys, Barbara A.; Mary Ellen ...
Amber Pollard. Sun Blood Stories is an American experimental band from Boise, Idaho, founded in 2011.[1] Named after the color ...
Colangelo began his career in 1966 in professional basketball with the Chicago Bulls. He worked as a marketing director, scout, and assistant to the president of the team.[7] In 1968, he left the Bulls and was hired as the first general manager of the expansion team, the Phoenix Suns. He was the youngest general manager in professional sports.[8] When he and his family left for Arizona, he had $200 in his wallet.[6] Colangelo got off to an unlucky start, losing a 1969 coin flip to the Milwaukee Bucks for the rights to UCLA phenom Lew Alcindor (now known as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar). The Suns were competitive most of the 1970s, making it to the NBA Finals in 1976, but losing to the Boston Celtics in six games. Colangelo had two stints as head coach during that decade, compiling a record of 59 wins and 60 losses. During much of the 1980s, Colangelo's Suns faced trouble. Some players, including 1976 NBA Finals player Garfield Heard, were involved in an infamous drug scandal, young center Nick Vanos died ...
... has been said to have set a trend of musicians releasing albums with complementary film projects on Netflix. Lonely Island's The Unauthorized Bash Brothers Experience, Thom Yorke's Anima, Sturgill Simpson's Sound & Fury, and Kid Cudi's Entergalactic are all cited as examples of projects that have followed the precedent that Homecoming: The Live Album set.[56] Sheldon Pearce for Pitchfork wrote that Homecoming kickstarted the "ongoing uprising" where "black women have been demanding ownership of their outsized impact on culture"; Jamila Woods' LEGACY! LEGACY! and Rapsody's Eve, as well as exhibitions such as "Black Women: Power and Grace" and "Posing Modernity", are mentioned as later works that constitute the "formative syllabus" that started with Homecoming.[57] Frankie Beverly, who originally sang "Before I Let Go", praised Beyoncé's cover of the song in Homecoming: The Live Album, saying "It's a blessing... She's done so much, this is one of the high points of my ...
Amber Waves. *Rural Areas Show Overall Population Decline and Shifting Regional Patterns of Population Change ...
"Amber Run Home Page". "Haze - Single by Amber Run". iTunes. Retrieved 17 April 2016. OConnor, Roisin (20 October 2016). "Amber ... "iTunes - Music - Spark - EP by Amber Run". iTunes. "iTunes - Music - Pilot EP by Amber Run". iTunes. Blakemore, Penny. "Amber ... "Amber Run". BBC Music. IAmMusicTV (26 March 2014). "Amber Run chat about going on tour with Kodaline & music in the East ... "For a Moment, I Was Lost by Amber Run on Apple Music". iTunes. Retrieved 2 March 2017. "AMBER RUN". Official Charts Company. ...
Amber Paasch. PhD Student, Richard Gilder Graduate School Email:. [email protected] Curriculum Vitae (short version) ... Amber conducts research on microscopic green algae that eat bacteria as a food source and uses them as a model for studying ... Amber Paasch is interested in deep eukaryotic evolution, particularly the evolution of photosynthesis in the group that ... Amber uses techniques in genomics, electron microscopy, and experimental biology, to study the evolutionary history of ...
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely. ...
Tropical frogs were alive 99 million years ago, and we have the amber to prove it. Han Solo prefers carbonite, tropical frogs ... These insects preserved in amber are still glowing 99 million years later. The fossilized insects are a rare find for ... This adorable lil baby bird was perfectly preserved in amber for 99 million years. A Cretaceous-era cutie. ...
The best commercial amber is transparent, but some varieties are cloudy. To be called amber, the resin must be several million ... Amber can vary in color from yellow to red to green and blue. ... amber, fossilized tree resin . Amber can vary in color from ... Baltic amber also contains succinic acid and is often called succinite. An essential oil (amber oil) is obtained from amber. ... See D. Grimaldi, Amber: Window on the Past (1996); G. and R. Poinar, The Amber Forest (1999). ...
Kahl, Daniel, and Amber Campbell. 2018. "Engaging Communities in Dialog on Climate Change." In Addressing Climate Change at the ... Campbell, Amber R., and Michael Finnegan. 2010. "Age Estimation by Root Dentin Transparency of Single Rooted Teeth." In Age ... Campbell Hibbs, Amber R, Daniel W. Kahl, Lisa PytlikZillig, Ben Champion, Tarik L. Abdel-Monem, Timothy R. Steffensmeier, ... Campbell Hibbs, Amber R, W. Evan Secor, Dennis Van Gerven, and George Armelagos. 2011. "Irrigation and Infection: The ...
https://www.mediafire.com/file/cg9oumgiou9s0s1/ND_Amber_Living_Room_-_Plant.zip/file. .header { position: absolute; width: ...
How does the Indiana Amber Alert system work?. *How will stations receive updated information if the Amber Alert is activated ... What is the protocol for the Amber Alert program in Indiana?. *Can the station mention the name and/or broadcast a photo of the ... AMBER ALERT. But when youre done reading it, click the close button in the corner to dismiss this alert. ... Click Here for more information about Amber Alert Plan criteria. *Information about your missing child will be entered into the ...
Am"ber, a. 1. Consisting of amber; made of amber.. "Amber bracelets." Shak. 2. Resembling amber, especially in color; amber- ... "The amber morn." Tennyson. © Webster 1913. Am"ber, v. t. [p. p. & p. a. Ambered .] 1. To scent or flavor with ambergris; as, ... A few notes on amber: *The newer the amber, the darker it is. Opaque amber is about 60 million years old, becoming transparent ... The fumes of burning amber helps a womans labor go well. *Holding amber helps a someone with a fever stay cool. *Amber beads ...
Amber London - "Servin Fiendz" I wrote about Amber London a couple times in my Coachella coverage, highlighting ...
... a fossil worker ant preserved in New Jersey amber from deposits dating back some 90 million years ago to the Cretaceous period ... that the initially vague but evocative form of a Cretaceous ant becomes progressively clearer when a nugget of amber is ...
Amber Waves Review: Cereal Drama Our history with wheat has been a rocky path over the millennia, replete with heartbreak, ... As Catherine Zabinski recounts in "Amber Waves: The Extraordinary Biography of Wheat, From Wild Grass to World Megacrop," its ...
Succineacea A problematic group including amber snails (Succineidae), which inhabit swamps and damp areas, and peculiar slugs ... Other articles where Amber snail is discussed: gastropod: Classification: ... Succineacea A problematic group including amber snails (Succineidae), which inhabit swamps and damp areas, and peculiar slugs ...
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.
Amber Coffman. Amber Coffman blev født i U.S.A. d. 15. jun 1984 og er 36 år. . ...
Keep up with Amber Perreca on Flipboard, a place to see the stories, photos, and updates that matter to you. Flipboard creates ... Amber Perreca. 50 Added , 9 Magazines , 28 Likes , 4 Following , 1 Follower , @amberbb , Keep up with Amber Perreca on ... Download Flipboard for free and search for "Amber Perreca". Yes, Thats A Great White Shark Launching Into The Air. Surfers ...
Amber is the Digital Content Manager at KCBD NewsChannel 11. She has been with the company since 2007. She has moved within the ...
Amber Rudd wasnt drawn to answer questions on the Tory rebels calling for a leadership contest after Theresa Mays conference ... Amber Rudd wasnt drawn to answer questions on the Tory rebels calling for a leadership contest after Theresa Mays conference ...
Official profile of Olympic athlete Amber MCDERMOTT (born 10 Mar 1993), including games, medals, results, photos, videos and ...
https://www.mediafire.com/file/3qgvuq3ofpyety3/ND_Amber_Living_Room_Decor_Recolor_Set.zip/file. .header { position: absolute; ...
The Amber biomolecular simulation programs.. Case DA1, Cheatham TE 3rd, Darden T, Gohlke H, Luo R, Merz KM Jr, Onufriev A, ... We describe the development, current features, and some directions for future development of the Amber package of computer ... 1 in Amber) is shown as a solid line. All curves are computed for ρi = 1.7 Å. ...
Back to Ambers Awesome Egg Breakfast Bowl All Reviews for Ambers Awesome Egg Breakfast Bowl ... Reviews for: Photos of Ambers Awesome Egg Breakfast Bowl. Reviews: Most Helpful ...
Merle Corey escapes from prison into Amber, a world of wonders and confusions where ... ... Blood of Amber. [Roger Zelazny; Linda Burr] -- Merle Corey, hero of Trumps of Doom (1985), escapes from prison with the help of ... Amber (Imaginary place)--Fiction. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Amber (Imaginary place)--Fiction"@en ;. .. ... schema:name "Amber novels." ;. .. amber_imaginary_place_fiction> ...
Amber pieces can be reworked and redeposited in younger deposits; therefore, dating amber is sometimes controversial. The amber ... The amber also contains some shell sand.. Of the many thousands of specimens of Burmese amber studied, only one ammonite is ... Burmese amber (from northern Myanmar) contains the most diverse biota of all known Cretaceous ambers (13, 14). Over the last ... The amber piece (BA18100) is deposited in the Lingpoge Amber Museum in Shanghai. Photographs were taken using a Zeiss AXIO Zoom ...
The entire nation has been gripped by abduction stories this summer, and weve heard of the Amber Alert system to get radio ...
Get the best deals on amber teething bracelet when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. Free shipping on many ... Baby Amber Necklace Bracelet Natural Not Pressed Amber Kids Boys & Girls Teeth. $12.00 ... Mermaid Pink Honey Baltic Amber Girls Anklet Bracelet Blue Dragon Agate No Teeth. $31.44 to $36.91 ... Amber Teething Bracelet/Anklet - No invoice, no price, no logo - 4 Sizes - 4. $22.99 ...
Ethiopian amber and its microinclusions. (A) Large translucent piece of amber of ≈1150 g (NHMW, N3881). (B) Color of amber ... The amber pieces are colorful and translucent (Fig. 2 A and B). Chemical analysis of the Ethiopian amber indicates that it is a ... Here, we report a unique fossiliferous African amber. The amber pieces were discovered within the Debre Libanos Sandstone Unit ... and various microbes from different habitats in and close to the amber forests are commonly preserved (1-6). Ambers and other ...
Throughout July, were donating $2.50 to Gender Justice LA for every copy we sell of Emerson Whitneys Heaven. GJLA is led by and for Non-binary, 2S, Trans, Black, Indigenous, POC, and has been working to build a strong grassroots multi-racial coalition of transgender people and allies to advocate for our rights, win concrete improvements in our lives, and challenge oppression for the last 18 years. Support trans lives, and read this powerful memoir today. ...
Amber Asay / Tags / print everyone / print 54 Shots. * Variety Show Theres only 25 of this print left! Its definitely my ... Amber Asay Pro * Variety Show Closing Hi all! Ive decided to close up my shop I opened back in 2014. If you never had the ... Amber Asay Pro * Lobby Bar Killed concept for a lobby bar menu. It ended up being a slight modification of this. More to show ... Amber Asay Pro * 50% OFF Hi friends! Remember this post from a while back? Well this print is now 50% off (among others), in my ...
  • The medication that was supposed to treat her Crohn's wasn't working, and in February of 2016, when Amber was 25, she was hospitalized for months. (3m.com)
  • Especially rich beds of amber in Lebanon and New Jersey have yielded many Cretaceous species dating back as much as 135 million years. (factmonster.com)
  • But according to a report published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a fossil worker ant preserved in New Jersey amber from deposits dating back some 90 million years ago to the Cretaceous period suggests that ant diversification began earlier and proceeded more rapidly than previously thought. (scientificamerican.com)
  • We can only hope that this cycle of discovery and revision will continue or even accelerate so that our current, clouded picture of ant phylogeny will come increasingly into focus, in much the same way, perhaps, that the initially vague but evocative form of a Cretaceous ant becomes progressively clearer when a nugget of amber is painstakingly prepared and polished by [David] Grimaldi and colleagues. (scientificamerican.com)
  • We report an ammonite and several marine gastropods alongside a mixed assemblage of intertidal and terrestrial forest floor organisms in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. (pnas.org)
  • Marine fossils are extremely rare in Cretaceous and Cenozoic ambers. (pnas.org)
  • Here, we report a record of an ammonite with marine gastropods, intertidal isopods, and diverse terrestrial arthropods as syninclusions in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. (pnas.org)
  • Here, we report a unique find of African amber with inclusions, from the Cretaceous of Ethiopia. (pnas.org)
  • Ambers and other fossil tree resins are found in hundreds of Old and New World localities ( 7 ), with particular abundance in the Cretaceous and the Eocene to Miocene. (pnas.org)
  • With the exception of the Cretaceous Lebanese and Jordanian ambers ( 8 , 9 ) and the Eocene Indian and Miocene Amazonian ambers ( 10 , 11 ), no fossiliferous amber deposit was known from the southern continents that formerly formed Gondwana. (pnas.org)
  • A number of spectacular pieces of amber recently recovered from Myanmar provided a clear answer: Eusociality was going strong in both groups during the Cretaceous, between 65 and 145 million years ago. (amnh.org)
  • Now, lumps of amber dating back to the Cretaceous period have revealed a set of four tiny tropical frogs that lived alongside the dinosaurs, making them the oldest frog fossils of their kind. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Scientists discovered a dinosaur feather encased in pieces of Cretaceous-era amber, with a tick tangled up in the plumage. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Bits of bamboo, velvet worms, and aquatic spiders also found in this amber suggest that the Cretaceous environment was a rain forest, since similar species are commonly found in wet tropical forests today. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • As of 2018 the primary protein model used by the AMBER suit is the ff14SB force field. (wikipedia.org)
  • amber, fossilized tree resin . (factmonster.com)
  • Amber is fossilized tree resin, and inclusions usually comprise terrestrial and, rarely, aquatic organisms. (pnas.org)
  • This result suggests Cheirolepidiaceae did not produce the resin, despite the presence of pollen grains of this Mesozoic conifer family in the amber-bearing sediment. (pnas.org)
  • Amber is fossilized resin, which once oozed from the bark of a living tree. (newsday.com)
  • They analyzed bubbles that they believe were trapped directly in amber - hardened yellow lumps of resin from pine trees. (nytimes.com)
  • Amber is the common name for fossil resin or tree sap that is appreciated for its inherent and interesting mixture of colors. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Semi-fossilized resin or sub-fossil amber is called copal. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Relics of an abundant flora occur as inclusions trapped within the amber while the resin was yet fresh, suggesting relations with the flora of Eastern Asia and the southern part of North America. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Amber is fossilized tree resin , which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because it originates as a soft, sticky tree resin, amber sometimes contains animal and plant material as inclusions . (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Romance languages , the sense of the word had come to be extended to Baltic amber (fossil resin) from as early as the late 13th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Book 37, section XI of Natural History, Pliny wrote: Amber is produced from a marrow discharged by trees belonging to the pine genus, like gum from the cherry, and resin from the ordinary pine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Liquid amber trees do, however, have a fragrant resin that is routinely used in perfumes and incense. (ehow.com)
  • The oldest known fossils of arthropods (see Arthropoda ) are entombed in amber that dates from the Triassic period (230 million years ago). (factmonster.com)
  • The ammonite also provides supporting evidence for the age of the amber, which is still debated, and represents a rare example of dating using fossils present inside the amber. (pnas.org)
  • Because this geologic unit lacks index fossils ( 12 , 13 ), we used independent age-relevant information from the amber itself, its inclusions, and the sporomorphs of the amber-bearing layer to date the amber. (pnas.org)
  • Not even fossils, but trapped in amber! (metafilter.com)
  • The amber ant fossils also froze a number of eusocial behaviors in time. (amnh.org)
  • The 99-million-year-old frogs come from the same amber deposits in northern Myanmar that have produced many exquisite fossils, including a dinosaur tail , a couple of baby birds , intact bird wings, and countless insects . (nationalgeographic.com)
  • As quickly as Amber Heard and Johnny Depp burned bright, they just as speedily split up. (radaronline.com)
  • From the moment they met, through their contentious divorce proceedings and legal entanglements that still ensnarl both celebrities, we present the definitive chronicle of the whirlwind romance and equally as swift demise that was Amber Heard and Johnny Depp. (radaronline.com)
  • Testifying in his libel suit against a British tabloid that called him a "wife-beater," actor Johnny Depp denied Thursday that he had assaulted ex-wife Amber Heard on a private Caribbean island and during a furious rampage in Australia. (latimes.com)
  • Just two days after the conclusion of her contentious divorce proceedings with ex-husband Johnny Depp, Amber Heard has donated the $7 million she received in the settlement to two charities. (latimes.com)
  • Amber is of interest both for its decorative value and for the ancient, once-living inclusions that it preserves. (factmonster.com)
  • Therefore, the discovery of amber inclusions is important not only for tracing the evolutionary history of lineages with otherwise poor fossil records, but also for elucidating the composition, diversity, and ecology of terrestrial paleoecosystems. (pnas.org)
  • The fictitious world of Amber comes from Roger Zelazny 's "Amber" series of fantasy novels. (everything2.com)
  • Baltic amber also contains succinic acid and is often called succinite. (factmonster.com)
  • Hence they gave it the expressive name of Suceinum or Gum-Stone a name that is still in use today to describe succinic acid as well as succinite, a term given to a particular type of Amber by James Dwight Dana (see below under Baltic Amber). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Baltic amber or succinite (historically documented as Prussian amber) is found as irregular nodules in a marine glauconitic sand, known as blue earth, occurring in the Lower Oligocene strata of Sambia in Kaliningrad Oblast, where it is now systematically mined. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • A mosquito and a fly in this Baltic amber necklace are between 40 and 60 million years old. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Unique colors of Baltic amber. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fishing for amber on the coast of Baltic Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a diverse assemblage (at least 40 individuals) of arthropods in this amber sample from both terrestrial and marine habitats, including Isopoda, Acari (mites), Araneae (spiders), Diplopoda (millipedes), and representatives of the insect orders Blattodea (cockroaches), Coleoptera (beetles), Diptera (true flies), and Hymenoptera (wasps). (pnas.org)
  • Arthropods and other invertebrates, small reptiles, feathers, mammal hairs, plants, and various microbes from different habitats in and close to the amber forests are commonly preserved ( 1 - 6 ). (pnas.org)
  • Have any of yall heard any good things about an Amber Necklace. (medhelp.org)
  • Secondly, amber is not some special prehistoric substance, but is still being formed today and is only one of a number of plant resins, some of which are very suitable for similar treatment. (halfbakery.com)
  • The Amber Room refers to a beautiful room created out of the prehistoric substance, amber, and almost countless numbers of jewels. (wisegeek.com)
  • In Scotland necklaces of amber beads are said to have been particularly prized among the fishing population of the East Coast on account of the talismanic virtues of the substance. (electricscotland.com)
  • According to an old rhyme, amber beads possessed the power of driving away witches. (electricscotland.com)
  • Four small amber beads, presented to the Museum in 1849, were stated by the donor to have been formerly regarded by the Macdonalds of Glencoe as a charm for the cure of blindness. (electricscotland.com)
  • Until now, most amber deposits have been discovered on the former northern supercontinent Laurasia ( SI Appendix , Fig. S1 ). (pnas.org)
  • Amber used in antiquity as at Mycenae and in the prehistory of the Mediterranean comes from deposits of Sicily . (wikipedia.org)
  • But in fossilized amber, we often find a tiny animal's actual body, from eyes to wings to antennae, perfectly preserved. (newsday.com)
  • Looks and smells like a lager much more than an amber. (beeradvocate.com)
  • The history of Dos Equis Amber is traced to the development of the popular Oktoberfest-style of Vienna lager originally created during the mid-19th century. (ratebeer.com)
  • Han Solo prefers carbonite, tropical frogs prefer amber. (popsci.com)
  • Lizards and frogs in amber are certainly not unheard of, but ones this old are exceptional," says Marc Jones , an expert on fossil frogs based at the Natural History Museum in London, U.K. "The frog fossil record remains biased and patchy but does include the occasional gem, like this, that helps us appreciate what we are missing. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • This nice amber pours from the growler in a snifter with a nice clear amber color with a subtle head of dissipating foam that settles to a thin ring and light lacing. (beeradvocate.com)
  • pours nice pale amber with some head. (ratebeer.com)
  • Pours an amber/orange and clear with a thin white head. (ratebeer.com)
  • Our discovery indicates that the Burmese amber forest was living near a dynamic and shifting coastal environment. (pnas.org)
  • If amber sales are funding bloodshed there, then a strict boycott of Burmese amber is absolutely necessary. (newscientist.com)
  • Ambers contain very important terrestrial taphocenoses. (pnas.org)
  • Poured a medum and clear amber color with a smaller sized off white head. (ratebeer.com)
  • Clear amber color off white head. (ratebeer.com)
  • Amber is heterogeneous in composition, but consists of several resinous bodies more or less soluble in alcohol , ether and chloroform , associated with an insoluble bituminous substance. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The word was adopted in Middle English in the 14th century as referring to what is now known as ambergris ( ambre gris or "grey amber"), a solid waxy substance derived from the sperm whale . (wikipedia.org)
  • The company is partnering with the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children to launch Amber Alerts for Facebook, which will allow users to sign up for missing children notifications specific to their state. (go.com)
  • Facebook users will now be able to follow Amber Alert pages for their states, and news of missing children nearby will then show up in their news feed. (go.com)
  • Use the Healthgrades insurance check to verify if Amber Stallard accepts your insurance. (healthgrades.com)
  • Amber Lindeman, MED generally accepts new patients on Healthgrades. (healthgrades.com)
  • Scientists have even unearthed amber containing thousands of long-extinct ants. (newsday.com)
  • The tail of a 99-million year old dinosaur has been found entombed in amber , an unprecedented discovery that has blown away scientists. (metafilter.com)
  • Keep up with Amber Perreca on Flipboard, a place to see the stories, photos, and updates that matter to you. (flipboard.com)
  • Amber is also found off the coasts of Sicily and England and in Lebanon and Jordan and Myanmar (Burma). (factmonster.com)
  • Graham Lawton unveils a monstrous situation surrounding the mining and sale of amber in Myanmar ( 4 May, p 38 ). (newscientist.com)
  • Two recent amber fossil finds, one in Myanmar (Burma) and the other in Lebanon, have revealed some very interesting examples of similarities between fossil and extant forms, both in morphology and in lifestyle/behavior. (answersingenesis.org)
  • This lump of amber from Myanmar holds a tiny frog that lived alongside the dinosaurs. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Amber Patrice Riley (born February 15, 1986) is an American actress and singer best known for her role on the series Glee as Mercedes Jones. (zimbio.com)
  • An amber violin bow frog , made by Keith Peck in 1996/97. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of August 2015, NCMEC says the Amber Alert system has successfully rescued 772 missing children since the system began in 1996. (csmonitor.com)
  • A nice amber tone with a lot of transparency and a half inch cream white head. (beeradvocate.com)
  • Nice amber gold pour with a small head of foam. (ratebeer.com)
  • We don't find any oxygen in any amber, old or modern,'' Harmon Craig, a geologist at Scripps Institution of Oceanography in San Diego, said yesterday. (nytimes.com)
  • This amber find was covered in the journal Palaeontology . (answersingenesis.org)
  • 1 The paper detailed a find of green lacewing larvae and some of their egg cases which had been preserved in amber. (answersingenesis.org)
  • We sat down with Amber to find out what she learned in the past year about living life with an ostomy. (3m.com)
  • Aquatic organisms are rarely found in amber, but when they occur they provide invaluable evidence for the better understanding of amber taphonomy and past ecosystems. (pnas.org)
  • So far, the oldest creatures found in amber are two tiny mites, discovered in Italy. (newsday.com)
  • [4] Amber occurring in coal seams is also called resinite , and the term ambrite is applied to that found specifically within New Zealand coal seams. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two substances ("yellow amber" and "grey amber") conceivably became associated or confused because they both were found washed up on beaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • Three of these EBs (a triangular-shaped and serrated piece of chitin) were found inside the eggs from which the larvae hatched, and even the orientation of the slit they made (vertically, from the top of the egg to the middle) can be determined in the clear amber inclusion in which they were entombed. (answersingenesis.org)
  • She was found two states away on Thursday, after a driver reported a vehicle described in an Amber Alert on the radio. (csmonitor.com)
  • was found safe Thursday in Ohio because of the Amber Alert system. (csmonitor.com)
  • True orb weaving spiders found trapped in amber from 121-115 million years ago are the oldest of their type yet found, according to the BBC News. (pravda.ru)
  • The best commercial amber is transparent, but some varieties are cloudy. (factmonster.com)
  • Despite the name, liquid amber trees don't provide the same kind of sweet syrup that some varieties of maple trees do. (ehow.com)
  • The amber pieces are colorful and translucent ( Fig. 2 A and B ). Chemical analysis of the Ethiopian amber indicates that it is a Class Ic amber. (pnas.org)
  • A ) Large translucent piece of amber of ≈1150 g (NHMW, N3881). (pnas.org)
  • The recent discovery of oxygen-rich bubbles that had apparently been preserved in amber since the time of the dinosaurs has drawn its first major challenge. (nytimes.com)
  • The amber adds to fossil evidence that many dinosaurs sported feathers rather than scales. (metafilter.com)
  • Amber Paasch is interested in deep eukaryotic evolution, particularly the evolution of photosynthesis in the group that contains green algae and land plants. (amnh.org)
  • The Lebanese amber fossil deposit also demonstrates the instantaneous nature of the fossilization of these lacewings and the surprising similarity between the extinct and the modern green lacewings across supposedly 130 MY of evolution , as acknowledged by the paper's authors. (answersingenesis.org)
  • Amber uses techniques in genomics, electron microscopy, and experimental biology, to study the evolutionary history of bacterial ingestion in green algae and the role of this trait in plastid genesis. (amnh.org)
  • The modern term electron was coined in 1894, using the Greek word for amber (and which was then translated as Electr um ) because of its electrostatic properties and whilst analyzing elementary charge for the first time. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • As Catherine Zabinski recounts in "Amber Waves: The Extraordinary Biography of Wheat, From Wild Grass to World Megacrop," it's been a rocky path over the millennia, replete with heartbreak, endless drama and even an unlikely love affair. (wsj.com)
  • Amber allows us to see with our own eyes what ancient, now-extinct life actually looked like (such as a praying mantis, trapped 87 million years ago in Japan). (newsday.com)
  • The classical names for amber, Latin electrum and Ancient Greek ἤλεκτρον ( ēlektron ), are connected to a term ἠλέκτωρ ( ēlektōr ) meaning "beaming Sun ". [9] [10] According to myth, when Phaëton son of Helios (the Sun) was killed, his mourning sisters became poplar trees, and their tears became elektron , amber. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ancient Italic peoples of southern Italy were working amber, the most important examples are on display at the National Archaeological Museum of Siritide to Matera . (wikipedia.org)
  • Fighting ants, giant solider termites, and foraging worker ants recently discovered in 100-million-year-old amber provide direct evidence for advanced social behavior in ancient ants and termites-two groups that are immensely successful because of their ability to organize in hierarchies. (amnh.org)
  • As mentioned above, amber was well known for its electrostatic properties since antiquity (though not identified as such until the concept of electronic charge became clear). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • [2] Much valued from antiquity to the present as a gemstone , amber is made into a variety of decorative objects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tree species that produced amber are now extinct. (factmonster.com)
  • 2 It was due to these larval features that the new genus and species, Tragichrysa ovoruptora , discovered in this amber deposit were not assigned to the family Chrysopidae, but instead were left uncategorized at the Superfamily level of Chrysopoidea. (answersingenesis.org)
  • The ammonite is a juvenile Puzosia ( Bhimaites ) and provides supporting evidence for a Late Albian-Early Cenomanian age of the amber. (pnas.org)
  • Combined analysis of these physicochemical and biological parameters revealed a Late Cenomanian age (≈93-95 million years old) for the amber ( SI Appendix ). (pnas.org)
  • Infrared spectroscopy shows that this amber is unique compared with all other fossil resins studied to date. (pnas.org)
  • If resins other than amber were used, they could well be quite stable - rosin and dragon's blood are quite stable even in thin layers. (halfbakery.com)
  • Some plant resins are already coloured, either red or amber usually, i think. (halfbakery.com)
  • Based on the amber, the island could have been Heligoland , Zealand , the shores of Bay of Gdansk , the Sambia Peninsula or the Curonian Lagoon , which were historically the richest sources of amber in northern Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amber can vary in color from yellow to red to green and blue. (factmonster.com)
  • B ) Color of amber pieces (MB. (pnas.org)
  • Dos Equis Amber is a rich, full-bodied Mexican import with a reddish-gold color and is made from the finest ingredients, representing the brand's traditional Mexican heritage. (ratebeer.com)
  • On Tweedside an amber bead was also used for the cure of sore eyes and sprained limbs. (electricscotland.com)
  • To Dr R. de Bras Trotter of Perth, I am indebted for the following account of an amber bead in his possession, which was formerly used as a charm. (electricscotland.com)
  • The occurrence of insects inside amber was duly noticed by the Romans and led them to the (correct) theory that at some point, amber had to be in a liquid state to cover the bodies of insects. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Among the Romans amber was worn as an amulet by children against secret poison, and as a counter-charm against sorcery. (electricscotland.com)
  • Amber is of great paleontological importance because it preserves a diverse array of organisms and associated remains from different habitats in and close to the amber-producing forests. (pnas.org)
  • And sometimes, amber preserves a scene from the past. (newsday.com)
  • Sometimes bits of plant or animal material are fossilized inside the sap (hence the plot of " Jurassic Park ," which made that type of amber very popular for a few years). (everything2.com)
  • In an alternate universe, much like our own, Jurassic Park is a 70s art-house movie, and 'Trapped in amber! (metafilter.com)