Amazona: One of the largest genera of PARROTS, ranging from South American to Northern Mexico. Many species are commonly kept as house pets.Parrots: BIRDS of the large family Psittacidae, widely distributed in tropical regions and having a distinctive stout, curved hooked bill. The family includes LOVEBIRDS; AMAZON PARROTS; conures; PARAKEETS; and many other kinds of parrots.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.Hylobates: A genus of the family HYLOBATIDAE consisting of six species. The members of this genus inhabit rain forests in southeast Asia. They are arboreal and differ from other anthropoids in the great length of their arms and very slender bodies and limbs. Their major means of locomotion is by swinging from branch to branch by their arms. Hylobates means dweller in the trees. Some authors refer to Symphalangus and Nomascus as Hylobates. The six genera include: H. concolor (crested or black gibbon), H. hoolock (Hoolock gibbon), H. klossii (Kloss's gibbon; dwarf siamang), H. lar (common gibbon), H. pileatus (pileated gibbon), and H. syndactylus (siamang). H. lar is also known as H. agilis (lar gibbon), H. moloch (agile gibbon), and H. muelleri (silvery gibbon).Cebus: A genus of the family CEBIDAE, subfamily CEBINAE, consisting of four species which are divided into two groups, the tufted and untufted. C. apella has tufts of hair over the eyes and sides of the head. The remaining species are without tufts - C. capucinus, C. nigrivultatus, and C. albifrons. Cebus inhabits the forests of Central and South America.Steam: Water in its gaseous state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Costa RicaBlogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.BrazilDrama: A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Medicine in ArtSocial Networking: Individuals connecting by family, work or other interests. It also includes connectivity facilitated by computer-based communications.Wit and Humor as Topic: The faculty of expressing the amusing, clever, or comical or the keen perception and cleverly apt expression of connections between ideas that awaken amusement and pleasure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Cordia: A plant genus of the family BORAGINACEAE. Members contain TRITERPENES and naphthoxirene.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Forehead: The part of the face above the eyes.Cuba: An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies, south of Florida. With the adjacent islands it forms the Republic of Cuba. Its capital is Havana. It was discovered by Columbus on his first voyage in 1492 and conquered by Spain in 1511. It has a varied history under Spain, Great Britain, and the United States but has been independent since 1902. The name Cuba is said to be an Indian name of unknown origin but the language that gave the name is extinct, so the etymology is a conjecture. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p302 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p132)Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Mansonelliasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus MANSONELLA. Symptoms include pruritus, headache, and articular swelling.Mansonella: A genus of parasitic nematodes whose organisms are distributed in Central and South America. Characteristics include a smooth cuticle and an enlarged anterior end.Career Mobility: The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.Indians, South American: Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.

An outbreak of psittacosis due to Chlamydophila psittaci genotype A in a veterinary teaching hospital. (1/8)

An outbreak of psittacosis in a veterinary teaching hospital was recognized in December 2004. Outbreak management was instituted to evaluate the extent of the outbreak and to determine the avian source. Real-time PCR, serologic testing and sequencing of the ompA gene of Chlamydophila psittaci were performed. Sputum samples from patients, throat-swab samples from exposed students and staff, and faecal specimens from parrots and pigeons were tested. In this outbreak, 34 % (10/29) of the tested individuals were infected. The clinical features of the infection ranged from none to sepsis with multi-organ failure requiring intensive-care-unit admission. C. psittaci genotype A was identified as the outbreak strain. Parrots, recently exposed to a group of cockatiels coming from outside the teaching facility, which were used in a practical class, appeared to be the source of the outbreak. One of the tested pigeons harboured an unrelated C. psittaci genotype B strain. The microbiological diagnosis by real-time PCR on clinical specimens allowed for rapid outbreak management; subsequent genotyping of the isolates identified the avian source. Recommendations are made to reduce the incidence and extent of future outbreaks.  (+info)

Population genetic structure of the blue-fronted Amazon (Amazona aestiva, Psittacidae: Aves) based on nuclear microsatellite loci: implications for conservation. (2/8)

The blue-fronted Amazon (Amazona aestiva) is a widely distributed Neotropical parrot and one of the most captured parrots in nature to supply the illegal trade of wild animals. The objectives of the present study were to analyze the genetic structure of A. aestiva to identify management units and support conservation planning and to verified if A. aestiva populations have undergone a recent bottleneck due to habitat loss and capture for the pet trade. The genetic structure was accessed by analyzing six microsatellite loci in 74 individuals of A. aestiva, including samples from the two subspecies (A. a. aestiva and A. a. xanthopteryx), from five populations: four in Brazil and one in Argentina. A significant genetic differentiation (theta = 0.007, p = 0.005) could be detected only between the most distant populations, Tocantins and Argentina, localized at the northeast and southwest limits of the sample sites, respectively. There was no evidence of inbreeding within or between populations, suggesting random mating among individuals. These results suggest a clinal distribution of genetic variability, as observed for variation in plumage color of the two A. aestiva subspecies. Bottleneck analysis did not show a recent reduction in population size. Thus, for the management and conservation of the species, the populations from Argentina and Tocantins should be considered as different management units, and the other populations from the center of the geographical distribution as another management unit.  (+info)

Surface structure and frictional properties of the skin of the Amazon tree boa Corallus hortulanus (Squamata, Boidae). (3/8)


First finding of melanic sylvatic Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) colonies in the Argentine Chaco. (4/8)

Triatoma infestans (Klug), the most important vector of Chagas disease in southern South America, is a highly domiciliated species with well-known sylvatic foci only in the Bolivian Andean valleys and in the Bolivian Chaco, where melanic insects designated as "dark morphs" were found. After the tentative identification of two melanic bugs collected from parrot nests in a forest reserve in the Argentine Chaco as T. infestans, we conducted an intensive search there using mouse-baited sticky traps in summer 2006 and 2007. Four live T. infestans bugs were collected in trees without parrot nests in 288 trap-nights, whereas no bug was collected from inside trees with active parrot nests in 51 trap-nights. To increase bug captures, hollow tree trunks that recently had had Amazona aestiva (Berlepsch) and Aratinga acuticaudata (Vieillot) parrot nests were treated with insecticide fumigant canisters exhibiting strong knockdown power. Four (22%) of 18 trees were positive for T. infestans with a dark phenotype. A fragment of the mitochondrial gene COI of 8 of the 14 triatomine bugs collected was successfully sequenced and confirmed as T. infestans. Most of the bugs were captured from Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco (Schlechter) hollow tree trunks harboring parrot nests. All of the T. infestans collected from the nearest house located at 10 km from the sylvatic foci displayed normal chromatic characters. The repeated finding of T. infestans in sylvatic habitats, albeit at very low density, shows that this species is capable of maintaining viable sylvatic foci in the absence of human hosts and immigration from domestic populations. These are the first confirmed findings of sylvatic T. infestans colonies in Argentina and of dark morphs in the Argentine Chaco.  (+info)

Evidence for vocal learning and limited dispersal as dual mechanisms for dialect maintenance in a parrot. (5/8)


Retrobulbar adenocarcinoma in an Amazon parrot (Amazona autumnalis). (6/8)


Combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma in a Yellow-headed Amazon (Amazona oratrix). (7/8)

A 9-year-old male Yellow-headed Amazon (Amazona oratrix) with a history of anorexia and vomiting died of a liver tumor. The tumor consisted of neoplastic cells with hepatocellular and cholangiocellular differentiations and their intermingled areas. Neoplastic hepatocytes showed islands or trabecular growth with vacuolated eosinophilic cytoplasm. Cells showing biliary differentiation formed ducts or tubules lined by cytokeratin AE1/AE3-positive epithelia, accompanied by desmoplasia consisting of myofibroblasts reacting to alpha-smooth muscle actin and desmin. The tumor was diagnosed as a combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma, which is very rare in the avian.  (+info)

Spectral tuning of Amazon parrot feather coloration by psittacofulvin pigments and spongy structures. (8/8)


  • Objective To determine the mydriatic effects of topical rocuronium bromide administration in Hispaniolan Amazon parrots (Amazona ventralis) and to identify any adverse effects associated with treatment. (
  • Construction on the neo-classical style Teatro Amazonas (Amazon Theatre) began in Manaus in 1884. (
  • This report describes a case of fatal YF in an unvaccinated traveler who had returned from a 6-day fishing trip on the Rio Negro west of Manaus in the state of Amazonas, Brazil. (
  • Manaus is a city found in Amazonas, Brazil . (
  • Manaus has a population of 1,598,210 making it the biggest city in Amazonas. (
  • A blue-white-yellow horizontal tricolor with a gold shield enclosing the Amazonas state flag and Manaus city flag at the top and the Civil Guard coat of arms in the center. (
  • The health system in the city of Manaus is collapsing due to an overwhelming need for treatment of severe COVID-19 patients in Brazil' s Amazonas state. (
  • Over the past few weeks, mortality rates have reached alarming levels in Manaus, the capital of Amazonas, even as local hospitals have increased the number of intensive care unit (ICU) beds. (
  • JOSE OLIVEIRA SANTOS NETO is located in MANAUS, AMAZONAS, Brazil and is part of the Public Relations Services Industry. (
  • 5 Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina Tropical , Universidade do Estado do Amazonas, Manaus, AM. (
  • Felipe Gomes Naveca Laboratório de Ecologia de Doenças Transmissíveis na Amazônia, Instituto Leônidas e Maria Deane - Fiocruz Amazônia, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. (
  • Regina M.P. de Figueiredo Gerência de Virologia, Fundação de Medicina Tropical Doutor Heitor Vieira Dourado, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. (
  • The specimens were obtained between the first and second day after symptom onset and sent to Fundação de Medicina Tropical - Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado (FMT-HVD) at Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil for dengue virus (DENV) testing using RT-PCR 1 . (
  • The BDFFP study area is an experimentally fragmented landscape spanning 1,000 km2 located 70-90 km north of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. (
  • This data set reports the results of a comprehensive study of mound building termites at the Embrapa research station in the Distrito Agropecuario da SUFRAMA, located at km 53 of the federal highway BR 174 outside Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. (
  • To date, 12 measles deaths have been confirmed in Brazil, with four deaths in the state of Roraima (3 in foreigners and 1 in Brazilian), 6 deaths in the state of Amazonas (all Brazilians, three in the municipality of Manaus, two in Brazil). (
  • It is found in Amazonas, Brazil. (
  • This species was only recently discovered, and appears to be confined to the Amazon basin of Brazil in Amazonas and Pará. (
  • Amazonas, where 98 per cent of forests are preserved, is the biggest state in Brazil - with a territory equivalent to France, Spain, Sweden and Greece combined - and one of nine states in the Brazilian Amazon region. (
  • The international medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières(MSF) is scaling up its response to the coronavirus outbreak in the state of Amazonas, northwestern Brazil, to provide intensive care for critically ill patients, medical isolation for mild or moderate cases of COVID-19, and health promotion in urban and rural areas. (
  • The situation in Amazonas is very worrying," said Dr Cecilia Hirata, MSF field coordinator in Brazil. (
  • Brazil now has the second highest number of cases of coronavirus the world, and the state of Amazonas has among the highest numbers of deaths in the country, despite its relatively small population. (
  • In 1854, the first leprosy cases were identified in State of Amazonas in the north of Brazil. (
  • This paper provides a historical overview of leprosy in State of Amazonas, which is an endemic state in Brazil. (
  • Methods: We collected serum samples from a series of dengue suspected cases in Tefé, a mid-size city located in the interior of the Amazonas state, Brazil. (
  • Seventeen species are recorded from Brazil, but only O. elegantula Young, 1977, O. insipida Young, 1977, and O. jurua Young, 1977 are recorded from Amazonas State. (
  • Oragua partitula (Jacobi, 1905) is herein firstly recorded from Brazil, ocurring in Amazonas State. (
  • Amazonas Florestal Ltd. is a natural resources company dedicated to innovative, sustainable management of large tracts of land in the rainforests of Amazonas, Brazil, that include the certification and sale of carbon credits and the growth, harvesting, research and development of Industrial Hemp and related products in the U.S. (
  • We provide the first record for Scinax cruentommus from the upper Rio Negro, Amazonas state, Brazil. (
  • Boto (Inia geoffrensis-Cetacea: Iniidae) aggregations in two provisioning sites in the lower Negro River-Amazonas, Brazil: are they related? (
  • To determine the agreement between three methods of nutritional assessment status of children 2 to 6 years old from Lower Amazonas region, Brazil. (
  • Amazonas 3 is equipped with 33 Ku-Band and 19 C-Band transponders that will provide communication coverage to Brazil, Latin America and the United States. (
  • Currently, Brazil is facing two outbreaks of measles: in Amazonas there are 2,000 confirmed cases and in Roraima with 332 confirmed cases of the disease. (
  • Ischionodonta amazona' is a species of beetle in the family Cerambycidae. (
  • This pleasant personality can also be found in its more readily available cousins, such as the Red-lored Amazon Amazona a. autumnalis , the nominate species. (
  • Relationships among species of Rivulus endemic to the Brazilian Amazonas river basin are evaluated through an analysis of morphological characters, including terminal taxa representative of all Rivulus lineages. (
  • The aim of the study was to describe eight new species of Oragua, to provide a key to males of the species of the genus that are recorded from Amazonas State and to study in detail the female terminalia of these new species. (
  • This work raises the number of Oragua species occurring in Amazonas State from three to twelve. (
  • Wenner, TJ and Russello, MA and Wright, TF, Cryptic species in a Neotropical parrot: genetic variation within the Amazona farinosa species complex and its conservation implications, Conservation Genetics, 13, (5) pp. 1427-1432. (
  • Amazona vinacea (Vinaceous Amazon) is a species of birds in the family parrots . (
  • The Lilac-crowned Amazon has one sub-species, Amazona finschi woodi, which is a poorly differentiated sub-species confined to north-west Mexico from extreme south-eastern Sonora and south Western Chihuahua south to central-eastern Sinaloa and Durango. (
  • Relationships and taxonomy of the killifish genus Rivulus (Cyprinodontiformes: Aplocheiloidei: Rivulidae) from the Brazilian Amazonas river basin, with notes on historical ecology. (
  • HAUPPAUGE, NY - March 27, 2018 - Globecomm today announced a contract with Spanish satellite operator Hispasat to design and deploy a 7.3m Ka-band gateway satellite earth station in Ixtlahuaca de Rayón in Mexico to support high-throughput services via the Ka-band payload on Amazonas 5, which was launched in September 2017. (
  • Kourou, French Guiana (SPX) Oct 02, 2009 - On Thursday evening, October 1, Arianespace boosted two payloads into geostationary transfer orbit: the Amazonas-2 civil communications satellite for the Spanish operator Hispasat, and the ComsatbW-1 military communications satellite, built by Astrium for the German Ministry of Defense. (
  • The 68th launch of Ariane 5 set a new record for weight injected into geostationary transfer orbit: the launcher on this mission carried a total payload of 10,317 kg, including 9,503 kg for the two satellites, Amazonas-3 and Azerspace/Africasat-1a. (
  • On Thursday, February 7, 2013, Arianespace successfully carried out the 54th Ariane 5 launch in a row, orbiting two telecommunications satellites: Amazonas-3 for Spanish operator Hispasat, and Azerspace/Africasat-1a for the Azerbaijani operator Azercosmos 0JSC and the Azerbaijan Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies. (
  • ANA Agência Nacional de águas (2015) Avaliação dos Aquíferos das Bacias Sedimentares da Província Hidrogeológica Amazonas no Brasil (escala 11.000.000) e Cidades Pilotos (escala 150.000) Hidrogeologia e Modelo Numérico da PHA Brasil. (
  • ANA Agência Nacional de águas (2015) Avaliação dos Aquíferos das Bacias Sedimentares da Província Hidrogeológica Amazonas no Brasil (escala 1:1.000.000) e Cidades Pilotos (escala 1:50.000): Hidrogeologia e Modelo Numérico da PHA Brasil. (
  • However, due to the problem of dapsone resistance detected in more than 40 endemic countries, including the State of Amazonas (8) during the 1970s and 1980s, in October 1981, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the introduction of a new therapeutic regimen known as the multidrug therapy (MDT), which included dapsone, rifampicin and clofazimine (9) (10) . (
  • Dr. Oz Raspberry Ketone have actually been obtaining appeal just recently in Amazonas Peru, in huge part because Dr. Oz included them on his award gaining tv program as a weight loss wonder. (
  • It's now the greatest diet plan trend in Amazonas Peru, and permanently factor. (
  • This brand-new discovery in weight-loss supplements in Amazonas Peru is swiftly ending up being considerably prominent among slimmers and athletes worldwide. (
  • Exactly what they discovered was that that the addition of raspberry ketones assisted individuals in Amazonas Peru opposite weight gain caused by a high-fat weight loss by raising the production of adiponectin. (
  • Exactly what does this mean to individuals in Amazonas Peru? (
  • It implies Raspberry Ketones manage to improve metabolism, and increase weight loss for folks in Amazonas Peru. (
  • While the Raspberry Ketones assistance raise body fat metabolism for people in Amazonas Peru, they will see a boost in your organic electricity level, which will really aid individuals in Amazonas Peru with your workouts, so the Ketones are doing double duty! (
  • Malaria, vaccinations Peru (Amazonas) - relevant? (
  • It is important with the right travel immunisations for Peru (Amazonas). (
  • Here is information about which vaccinations are needed for a trip to Peru (Amazonas) depending on the length of your trip. (
  • In Amazonas, FAPEAM issued a call for project that would inject funds - as economic subsidies - into companies to promote innovation through a partnership with Brazil's Financier of Studies and Projects (FINEP). (
  • A unique community-funded project in Puerto Rico has launched whole-genome sequencing of the critically endangered Puerto Rican Parrot Amazona vittata, with interpretation by genome bioinformaticians and students, and deposition into public online databases. (
  • PARIS (Reuters) - French oil major Total said on Wednesday that its plans to drill in the ecologically sensitive Foz do Amazonas basin were still alive, despite Brazil's decision to reject its drilling application. (
  • Find out how diagnostic techniques help to save people's sight in the Amazonas basin. (
  • The Amazonas region is famous for its cloud forests, páramo (alpine tundra ecosystem) and exceptional microclimates. (
  • Throughout its lifetime, Amazonas 1 has made more than 25,000 transmissions from 19 different countries, 613 manoeuvres in orbit, and has borne witness to 1,170 eclipses of the Earth and 29 of the moon. (
  • The satellite will replace the Amazonas 1 Satellite at 61 degrees West in Geostationary Orbit. (
  • The Russian Proton-M rocket brought the European communication satellite Amazonas to the base intermediate orbit at 2:41 a.m. (
  • Amazonas 3 provides expanded internet access, television broadcasting, corporate fixed and mobile telephone services, tele-education and tele-medicine services and broadband and integrated communications solutions for telecommunications operators. (
  • Through a strategy of selective harvesting, certification and sale of carbon, biomass and biofuel production, and conservation incentives, Amazonas Florestal Ltd. intends to help protect one of the world's greatest natural resources and show how its preservation can be a profitable activity. (
  • The Amazonas Sustainable Foundation (FAS) and Ecosystem Services Program for Poverty Reduction (English, ESPA) perform the next day 26 of June 1 webinar to share experiences of nine years working in global sustainability, conducted by researchers from around the world. (
  • One of them, Colonia Antônio Aleixo was built in Amazonas in 1956 according to the most advanced recommendations for isolation at that time and was deactivated in 1979. (
  • If the Amazon is strategic for the country, let us transform Amazonas into the biggest reference platform for biodiversity and biotechnology research. (