Alveolata: A group of three related eukaryotic phyla whose members possess an alveolar membrane system, consisting of flattened membrane-bound sacs lying beneath the outer cell membrane.Dinoflagellida: Flagellate EUKARYOTES, found mainly in the oceans. They are characterized by the presence of transverse and longitudinal flagella which propel the organisms in a rotating manner through the water. Dinoflagellida were formerly members of the class Phytomastigophorea under the old five kingdom paradigm.Eukaryota: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Rectal Fistula: An abnormal anatomical passage connecting the RECTUM to the outside, with an orifice at the site of drainage.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Coral Reefs: Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.Sphagnopsida: A class of BRYOPHYTA which is best known for Sphagnum forming PEAT bogs.Marine Biology: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Tidal Waves: Water waves caused by the gravitational interactions between the EARTH; MOON; and SUN.Anthozoa: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.Giardia lamblia: A species of parasitic EUKARYOTES that attaches itself to the intestinal mucosa and feeds on mucous secretions. The organism is roughly pear-shaped and motility is somewhat erratic, with a slow oscillation about the long axis.Euglenozoa: A large group of flagellated EUKARYOTES found in both free-living and parasitic forms. The flagella are present in pairs and contain unique paraxonemal rods.Giardia: A genus of flagellate intestinal EUKARYOTES parasitic in various vertebrates, including humans. Characteristics include the presence of four pairs of flagella arising from a complicated system of axonemes and cysts that are ellipsoidal to ovoidal in shape.Euglenida: A phylum of unicellular flagellates of ancient eukaryotic lineage with unclear taxonomy. They lack a CELL WALL but are covered by a proteinaceous flexible coat, the pellicle, that allows the cell to change shape. Historically some authorities considered them to be an order of protozoa and others classed them as ALGAE (some members have CHLOROPLASTS and some don't).Giardiasis: An infection of the SMALL INTESTINE caused by the flagellated protozoan GIARDIA LAMBLIA. It is spread via contaminated food and water and by direct person-to-person contact.Plasmodium knowlesi: A protozoan parasite from Southeast Asia that causes monkey malaria. It is naturally acquired by man in Malaysia and can also be transmitted experimentally to humans.Plasmodium cynomolgi: A protozoan parasite that occurs naturally in the macaque. It is similar to PLASMODIUM VIVAX and produces a type of malaria similar to vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species has been found to give rise to both natural and experimental human infections.Macaca fascicularis: A species of the genus MACACA which typically lives near the coast in tidal creeks and mangrove swamps primarily on the islands of the Malay peninsula.Tropical Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Plasmodium: A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.Macaca mulatta: A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.Sin Nombre virus: A species of HANTAVIRUS which emerged in the Four Corners area of the United States in 1993. It causes a serious, often fatal pulmonary illness (HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME) in humans. Transmission is by inhaling aerosolized rodent secretions that contain virus particles, carried especially by deer mice (PEROMYSCUS maniculatus) and pinyon mice (P. truei).Quercetin: A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.Tourette Syndrome: A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)Ulnar Neuropathies: Disease involving the ULNAR NERVE from its origin in the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its termination in the hand. Clinical manifestations may include PARESIS or PARALYSIS of wrist flexion, finger flexion, thumb adduction, finger abduction, and finger adduction. Sensation over the medial palm, fifth finger, and ulnar aspect of the ring finger may also be impaired. Common sites of injury include the AXILLA, cubital tunnel at the ELBOW, and Guyon's canal at the wrist. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51 pp43-5)Mars: The fourth planet in order from the sun. Its two natural satellites are Deimos and Phobos. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the solar system.Esophageal Sphincter, Lower: The physiologic or functional barrier to GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX at the esophagogastric junction. Sphincteric muscles remain tonically contracted during the resting state and form the high-pressure zone separating the lumen of the ESOPHAGUS from that of the STOMACH. (Haubrich et al, Bockus Gastroenterology, 5th ed., pp399, 415)Trombiculidae: Family of MITES in the superfamily Trombiculoidea, suborder Prostigmata, which attack humans and other vertebrates, causing DERMATITIS and severe allergic reactions. Chiggers, red bugs, and harvest mites commonly refer to the larval stage of Trombiculid mites, the only parasitic stage of the mite's life cycle.Phthiraptera: An order of small, wingless parasitic insects, commonly known as lice. The suborders include ANOPLURA (sucking lice); AMBLYCERA; ISCHNOCERA; and Rhynchophthirina (elephant and warthog lice).Esocidae: A family of freshwater fish of the order ESOCIFORMES, comprising the pikes, inhabiting the waters of the Northern Hemisphere. There is one genus, Esox, with five species: northern pike, grass pickerel, chain pickerel, muskellunge, and Amur pike.Arguloida: An order of CRUSTACEA that are parasitic on freshwater fish.Acari: A large, subclass of arachnids comprising the MITES and TICKS, including parasites of plants, animals, and humans, as well as several important disease vectors.Mites: Any arthropod of the subclass ACARI except the TICKS. They are minute animals related to the spiders, usually having transparent or semitransparent bodies. They may be parasitic on humans and domestic animals, producing various irritations of the skin (MITE INFESTATIONS). Many mite species are important to human and veterinary medicine as both parasite and vector. Mites also infest plants.Argasidae: A family of softbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include ARGAS and ORNITHODOROS among others.Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels: A family of membrane proteins that selectively conduct SODIUM ions due to changes in the TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE. They typically have a multimeric structure with a core alpha subunit that defines the sodium channel subtype and several beta subunits that modulate sodium channel activity.Smell: The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.Olfaction Disorders: Loss of or impaired ability to smell. This may be caused by OLFACTORY NERVE DISEASES; PARANASAL SINUS DISEASES; viral RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; SMOKING; and other conditions.Templates, Genetic: Macromolecular molds for the synthesis of complementary macromolecules, as in DNA REPLICATION; GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of DNA to RNA, and GENETIC TRANSLATION of RNA into POLYPEPTIDES.Joints: Also known as articulations, these are points of connection between the ends of certain separate bones, or where the borders of other bones are juxtaposed.Odors: The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Olfactory Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of olfactory stimuli, such as odors, are recognized and interpreted by the brain.Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Annexins: Family of calcium- and phospholipid-binding proteins which are structurally related and exhibit immunological cross-reactivity. Each member contains four homologous 70-kDa repeats. The annexins are differentially distributed in vertebrate tissues (and lower eukaryotes) and appear to be involved in MEMBRANE FUSION and SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION.Plasmodium vivax: A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.Rhizaria: A large supergroup of mostly amoeboid EUKARYOTES whose three main subgroups are CERCOZOA; FORAMINIFERA; and HAPLOSPORIDA. Nearly all of the species possess MITOCHONDRIA and historically many were considered ANIMALS.Haptophyta: A group (or phylum) of unicellular EUKARYOTA (or algae) possessing CHLOROPLASTS and FLAGELLA.Cryptophyta: A class of EUKARYOTA (traditionally algae), characterized by biflagellated cells and found in both freshwater and marine environments. Pigmentation varies but only one CHLOROPLAST is present. Unique structures include a nucleomorph and ejectosomes.Bone Morphogenetic Protein 6: A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of BONE formation. It plays additional roles in regulating CELL DIFFERENTIATION of non-osteoblastic cell types and epithelial-mesenchymal interactions.Stramenopiles: A common name (but used formally) for a group of organisms that are mostly kinds of algae including BACILLARIOPHYTA; OOMYCETES; PHAEOPHYCEAE; and CHRYSOPHYCEAE. They all contain CHLOROPLASTS that are thought to have been derived from the endosymbiosis of ancient RED ALGAE.Plasmodiophorida: A group of EUKARYOTES that are parasites of plants. Life cycle stages include zoospores and plasmodia.

Kingdoms Protozoa and Chromista and the eozoan root of the eukaryotic tree. (1/52)

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High-level congruence of Myrionecta rubra prey and Dinophysis species plastid identities as revealed by genetic analyses of isolates from Japanese coastal waters. (2/52)

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Diversity in a hidden world: potential and limitation of next-generation sequencing for surveys of molecular diversity of eukaryotic microorganisms. (3/52)

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The Alveolate Perkinsus marinus: biological insights from EST gene discovery. (4/52)

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Telomeres and telomerase activity in scleractinian corals and Symbiodinium spp. (5/52)

Telomeres are the repetitive sequences of DNA and associated proteins that cap the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes and play an essential role in maintaining chromosome stability. Compromised telomeres can lead to cell cycle arrest, senescence, apoptosis, or genetic instability, whereas maintenance of telomeres can endow cells with the capacity for indefinite self-renewal. Telomere integrity is maintained in most cells by the activity of telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein that can catalyze the addition of repeat sequences onto chromosome ends. Using the telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) assay, we detected telomerase activity in host nuclear extracts prepared from two scleractinian corals, Madracis auretenra and Madracis decactis, and also in cultured Symbiodinium, the symbiotic algae that live within corals. Sequencing the TRAP reaction products indicated that the telomeric DNA repeat sequence was TTAGGG for coral and TTTAGGG for Symbiodinium. Using this sequence information, we estimated telomere lengths by terminal restriction fragment (TRF) analysis to be greater than 19 kb for several species of coral and their associated Symbiodinium. Maintenance of coral telomeres by telomerase activity may be a mechanism that confers continuous growth and reproductive plasticity to these long-lived organisms.  (+info)

Parallel analyses of Alexandrium catenella cell concentrations and shellfish toxicity in the Puget Sound. (6/52)

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Transcriptome analysis reveals nuclear-encoded proteins for the maintenance of temporary plastids in the dinoflagellate Dinophysis acuminata. (7/52)

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Biogenesis of the inner membrane complex is dependent on vesicular transport by the alveolate specific GTPase Rab11B. (8/52)

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Apicomplexa are protist parasites that include Plasmodium spp., the causative agents of malaria, and Toxoplasma gondii, responsible for toxoplasmosis. Most Apicomplexa possess a relict plastid, the apicoplast, which was acquired by secondary endosymbiosis of a red alga. Despite being nonphotosynthetic, the apicoplast is otherwise metabolically similar to algal and plant plastids and is essential for parasite survival. Previous studies of Toxoplasma gondii identified membrane lipids with some structural features of plastid galactolipids, the major plastid lipid class. However, direct evidence for the plant-like enzymes responsible for galactolipid synthesis in Apicomplexan parasites has not been obtained. Chromera velia is an Apicomplexan relative recently discovered in Australian corals. C. velia retains a photosynthetic plastid, providing a unique model to study the evolution of the apicoplast. Here, we report the unambiguous presence of plant-like monogalactosyldiacylglycerol and
Chromera velia is an autotrophic protist isolated from stony corals. C. velia possesses a chloroplast thought to be most closely related to the apicoplasts of non-photosynthetic apicomplexa. . The ventral side of the flagellated C. velia cell has two grooves extending from the anterior flagella insertion point with a ridge rising towards the anterior apex of the cell. The anterior flagellum is shorter than the posterior flagellum and possesses a distinct, small curved appendage. The insertion point of the anterior flagellum is partly enclosed by a flap extending from the cell. The posterior flagellum is approximately four times the length of the cell and possesses mastigonemes. ...
Empirical evidence to assess the likely recovery rate of Sabellaria alveolata reefs from impacts is limited and significant information gaps regarding recovery rates, stability and persistence of Sabellaria alveolata reefs were identified for the biotope LS.LBR.Sab.Salv. No evidence was found regarding recovery of subtidal Sabellaria reefs on sediment and the resilience assessments are based on evidence for intertidal or shallow subtidal reefs on rock. Although the recovery mechanisms and life-history information should be applicable, the more limited extent of subtidal biotopes may restrict larval supply and the biotope will be more affected by sediment and water column conditions.. Studies carried out on reefs of Sabellaria alveolata within the low inter-tidal suggest that areas of small, surficial damage within reefs may be rapidly repaired by the tube building activities of adult worms. Vorberg (2000) found that trawl impressions made by a light trawl in Sabellaria alveolata reefs ...
We focus on the key results from a 3-year intensive investigation of soil protozoan diversity sponsored by the Natural Environment Research Council (UK). The investigation enabled us to study simultaneously all major protozoan groups at a single site-the 1 ha area of upland grassland at the Macaulay Land Use Research Institutes Sourhope Research Station in Southern Scotland. A total of 365 protozoan species were recorded, in four broad taxonomic groups-ciliates, testate amoebae, naked amoebae and flagellates. We explored the natural history of these groups, recording species richness, growth rates, and absolute abundance, as well as community structures within the context of the fractal character of the soil. We developed methods for estimating the abundance and growth potential of the soil protozoan community, plus seasonal variation in protozoan abundance within taxonomic groups. We isolated new species, re-described others, and produced a guide to the identification of testate amoebae in ...
Cysts of free-living protozoa have an impact on the ecology and epidemiology of bacteria because they may act as a transmission vector or shelter the bacteria against hash environmental conditions. Detection and localization of intracystic bacteria and examination of the en- and excystment dynamics is a major challenge because no detailed protocols for ultrastructural analysis of cysts are currently available. Transmission electron microscopy ...
J 240; LR 347; Grisar, Geschichte Rorns i. 48-50). A little north of this site, in the villa Casali, were found other ruins and an inscribed basis of L,. Valerius Poplicola Maximus, consul in 232 or 253 A.D. (CIL vi. 1532; cf. 1531 ; Pros. iii. 376. 121). (2) on the Palatine, said to have been presented by the state to M. Valerius Volusus Maximus, dictator in 494 B.C. (Val. Ant. ap. Asc. in Pison. 52; JRS 1914, 208). (3) in summa Velia, the house in which P. Valerius Publicola, consul in 509 B.C., lived until he was forced to tear it down because it seemed too much like a stronghold, and to build again infra Veliam (Liv. ii. 7; Cic. de rep. ii. 53; Plut. Popl. o ; Dionys. v. 19; Val. Max. iv. I. 1). This site was afterwards occupied by the temple of Vica Pota (Liv. loc. cit.). According to a variant tradition, a house sub Veliis (Asc. in Pison. 52, ubi aedes Victoriae=Vicae Potae), or in Velia (Cic. de Har. resp. 16), was given to Valerius as a special honour (cf. Plin. NH xxxvi. ...
Pyrosequencing assays consist of PCR primers and sequencing primers designed for use with PyroMark systems. PyroMark CpG Assays for human, mouse and rat gene sequences are available in convenient tube or 96-well formats. User-designed assays can be ordered through PyroMark Custom Assays ...
The Oriental subgenus Haldwania of the genus Velia is revised. It includes five previously described species, Velia (H.) championi Tamanini 1955 from northwestern India; V. (H.) steelei Tamanini, 1955 from northeastern India; V. (H.) sinensis Andersen, 1981 from Sichuan, China; V. (H.) tomokunii Polhemus & Polhemus, 1998 from Nepal; V. (H.) tonkina Polhemus & Polhemus, 2003 from northern Vietnam; and four species new to science: V. (H.) anderseni sp.n. from Bengal, India; V. (H.) longiconnexiva sp.n. from Guizhou, China; V. (H.) yunnana sp.n. from Yunnan, China; V. (H.) laticaudata sp.n. from northern Vietnam. Detailed diagnoses of known species and illustrations of all species are given. Diagnostic characteristics for species identification are discussed. A key to species of Haldwania and a map illustrating their distribution are given.
The phylogenetic relationships of the Dinophyceae (Alveolata) are not sufficiently resolved at present. The Thoracosphaeraceae (Peridiniales) are the only group of the Alveolata that include members with calcareous coccoid stages; this trait is considered apomorphic. Although the coccoid stage appar- ently is not calcareous, Bysmatrum has been assigned to the Thoracosphaeraceae based on thecal morphology. We tested the monophyly of the Thoracosphaeraceae using large sets of ribosomal RNA sequence data of the Alveolata including the Dinophyceae. Phylogenetic analyses were performed using Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian approaches. The Thoracosphaeraceae were monophyletic, but included also a number of non-calcareous dinophytes (such as Pentapharsodinium and Pfiesteria) and even parasites (such as Duboscquodinium and Tintinnophagus). Bysmatrum had an isolated and uncertain phylogenetic position outside the Thoracosphaeraceae. The phylogenetic relationships among calcareous dinophytes appear ...
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Perkinsus marinus ATCC ® 50771™ Designation: LA9-8 [LA-9-8] Isolation: clone derived from strain LA9 (ATCC 50770), which came from eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, Louisiana Gulf Coast
Perkinsus marinus ATCC ® 50773™ Designation: LA21 [LA-21] Isolation: eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, LA, Gulf Coast
Size refers to individual worms. It is typically gregarious forming colonies of sheets, hummocks or reefs. In Cornwall, their tubes are up to 20 cm in length and around 5 mm in diameter at the external opening. Each tube has an additional porch over the opening. In northern France, the tubes were reported to grow in length at 12 cm/year.. This species appears to be favoured by elevated winter temperatures associated with cooling water discharges (Bamber & Irving, 1997) but growth is inhibited below 5 C. Communities associated with Sabellaria alveolata are not particularly remarkable being species poor on young dense reef and up to 38 species on older reefs. Honeycomb worm aggregations that bind together mobile cobbles increase heterogeneity. ...
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ID C5M0K1_PERM5 Unreviewed; 343 AA. AC C5M0K1; DT 28-JUL-2009, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 28-JUL-2009, sequence version 1. DT 07-JUN-2017, entry version 25. DE RecName: Full=V-type proton ATPase subunit a {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU361189}; DE Flags: Fragment; GN ORFNames=Pmar_PMAR001829 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EEQ97491.1}; OS Perkinsus marinus (strain ATCC 50983 / TXsc). OC Eukaryota; Alveolata; Perkinsea; Perkinsida; Perkinsidae; Perkinsus. OX NCBI_TaxID=423536 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000007800}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EEQ97491.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000007800} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=ATCC 50983 / TXsc {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000007800}; RA El-Sayed N., Caler E., Inman J., Amedeo P., Hass B., Wortman J.; RL Submitted (JUL-2008) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. CC -!- FUNCTION: Essential component of the vacuolar proton pump (V- CC ATPase), a multimeric enzyme that catalyzes the translocation of CC protons across the membranes. Required for ...
Researchers studying the waters of Northport Harbor say theyve found a type of harmful algae in the water never seen before at these levels in New York. The algae, Dinophysis acuminata, produces a to
Huber and Suhner Type SK Torque Wrench 1.30 Nm for 8.0mm (74Z-0-0-174) HUBER & SUHNER Type-N with a 19mm opening. Variant Torque Wrench 1 Newton-meter. The Huber Suhner 74Z-0-0-174 steel torque wrench is designed for use on SK series connectors. It has a torque of 1.30 Newton-meters (11.51 inch-pounds) and an opening of 8mm (.315
the artificial pond constructed by Nero within the DOMUS AUREA (q.v.), in the low ground between the Velia, the Esquiline, and the Caelian, where the Colosseum was afterwards built (Suet. Nero 31 :stagnum maris instar, circumsaeptum aedificiis ad urbium speciem; Mart. de spect. ii. 5-6: hic ubi conspicui venerabilis amphitheatri / erigitur moles, stagna Neronis erant).. ...
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Provider of DNA methylation analysis services. We are experts in CpG methylation, Pyrosequencing assay design, and epigenomic applications.
Provider of DNA methylation analysis services. We are experts in CpG methylation, Pyrosequencing assay design, and epigenomic applications.
The number of cingular plates has been used to differentiate Protoperidinium from Peridinium and related genera. Protoperidinium is characterized by the presence of three cingular plates plus a transitional plate (3C+t). However, many Protoperidinium species have been described that exhibit different cingular plate tabulations. How these species should be classified within the genus remains unclear. To address this question, the phylogenetic relationship of four Protoperidinium species, with three or four cingular plates and lacking a transitional plate, were examined in relationship to other Protoperidinium species. These four species were germinated from cysts deposited in surface sediments collected from the East China Sea, the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea. Three of the isolated species, P. tricingulatum, P. americanum and P. parthenopes, were described previously. The fourth is here described as P. haizhouense sp. nov. with the plate formula Po, X, 4′, 3a, 7′′, 3C, 6S, 5′′′, ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Alveolata; Apicomplexa; Aconoidasida; Haemosporida; Plasmodiidae; Plasmodium; Plasmodium (Vinckeia ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Alveolata; Apicomplexa; Aconoidasida; Haemosporida; Plasmodiidae; Plasmodium; Plasmodium (Vinckeia ...
Rapid and specific detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing (ESBL) bacteria is crucial both for timely antibiotic therapy when treating infected patients as well as for appropriate infection control measures aimed at curbing the spread of ESBL-producing isolates. Whereas a variety of phenotypic methods are currently available for ESBL detection, they remain time consuming and sometimes difficult to interpret while being also affected by a lack of sensitivity and specificity. Considering the longer turnaround time (TAT) of susceptibility testing and culture results, DNA-based ESBL identification would be a valuable surrogate for phenotypic-based methods. Putative ESBL-positive Enterobacteriaceae isolates (n = 330) from clinical specimen were prospectively collected in Bulgaria, Romania and Democratic Republic of Congo and tested in this study. All isolates were assessed for ESBL-production by the E-test method and those giving undetermined ESBL status were re-tested using the ...
Actin Dynamics: Roles in Cell and Tissue Morphogenesis in Development. Our laboratory studies the role of actin dynamics in regulating assembly and function of the diverse cytoskeletal structures that contribute to cell and tissue morphogenesis during embryonic development. Current research focuses on tropomodulins (Tmods), a conserved family of actin pointed end-capping proteins that block association and dissociation at slow-growing (pointed) ends of actin filaments. Tmods also bind tropomyosins (TMs), which cooperate with Tmods to tightly cap actin pointed ends, regulating actin filament lengths and stability in the spectrin-based membrane skeleton of non-muscle cells and in the contractile myofibrils of skeletal and cardiac muscle. Differences among Tmod family members in expression patterns, TM isoform binding, and actin monomer and polymer regulation suggest unique functions for each of the four vertebrate Tmods. Recent studies of mouse knockouts further implicate key requirements for ...
Determining the photosynthetic relatives of Rafflesiales has long presented a challenge owing to the extreme reduction and/or modification of morphological structures that have accompanied the evolution of this lineage [3, 11]. Molecular phylogenetic approaches, although providing great promise in resolving such questions, also come with their own set of challenges that includes losses of some genes, substitution rate increases in other genes, and horizontal gene transfer. Examples of the first process can be seen in chloroplast genes such as rbcL that are typically used to infer phylogenetic relationships among angiosperms but have not yet been amplified from any Rafflesiales and are presumed lost [5]. Increased substitution rates in the normally conservative plastid rDNA has been demonstrated in these holoparasites [4, 12]. Similarly, accelerated rates in mitochondrial SSU rDNA, typically very conservative in many photosynthetic angiosperms, occur in Rafflesia and Cytinus [13]. Despite these ...
Barkman, T. J., S.-H. Lim, K. M. Salleh, and J. Nais. 2004. Mitochondrial DNA sequences reveal the photosynthetic relatives of Rafflesia, the worlds largest flower. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 101(3):787-792.. Endress, P. K. and S. Stumpf. 1991. The diversity of stamen structures in Lower Rosidae (Rosales, Fabales, Proteales, Sapindales). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 107:217-293.. Hilu, K. W., T. Borsch, K. M ller, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis, V. Savolainen, M. W. Chase, M. P. Powell, L. A. Alice, R. Evans, H. Sauquet, C. Neinhuis, T. A. B. Slotta, J. G. Rohwer, C. S. Campbell, and L. W. Chatrou. 2003. Angiosperm phylogeny based on matK sequence information. American Journal of Botany 90(12):1758-1776.. Hufford, L. 1992. Rosidae and their relationships to other nonmagnoliid dicotyledons: a phylogenetic analysis using morphological and chemical data. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 79:218-248.. Savolainen, V., M. W. Chase, S. B. Hoot, C. M. Morton, ...
The protozoan oyster parasite Perkinsus marinus causes extensive mortality in eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) populations during summer and fall across much of the oysters distribution. Despite more than 40 yr of ...
Chu, F.-L. E., E. D. Lund, et al. 2006. Effects of triclosan on the oyster parasite, Perkinsus marinus and its host, the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica: A comparison at different temperatures. 98 Annual Meeting National Shellfisheries Association, Monterey, CA (USA), 26-30 Mar 2006. Journal of Shellfish Research 25(2): 719 ...
Symbioses between microbes and higher organisms underpin high diversity in many ecosystems, including coral reefs, however mechanisms underlying the early establishment of symbioses remain unclear. Here we examine the roles of Symbiodinium type and cell surface recognition in the establishment of algal endosymbiosis in the reef-building coral, Acropora tenuis. We found 20-70% higher infection success (proportion of larvae infected) and five-fold higher Symbiodinium abundance in larvae exposed to ITS-1 type C1 compared to ITS-1 type D in the first 96 h following exposure. The highest abundance of Symbiodinium within larvae occurred when C1-type cells were treated with enzymes that modified the 40-100 kD glycome, including glycoproteins and long chain starch residues. Our finding of declining densities of Symbiodinium C1 through time in the presence of intact cell surface molecules supports a role for cell surface recognition molecules in controlling post-phagocytosis processes, leading to ...
The aim of the present study is to determine presence of Plasmid-R in isolated bacteria of C. virginica, during its process of collection, distribution, commercialization, and consumption in Alvarado, Veracruz lagoon.
A Perspective on Biogenic Reefs and SACs The distribution of major examples of biogenic reefs is given by species in Table 3 and Figure 2, both within cSACs and pSACs, and elsewhere. No currently proposed SACs were selected specifically on the basis that they contain biogenic reefs. However, biogenic reefs are sub-features of other Annex I features such as reefs , estuaries or large shallow inlets and bays . In some cases biogenic reefs are specifically mentioned as reasons why a site is a particularly good example of an Annex 1 habitat e.g. Mytilus in Morecambe Bay, Modiolus in Strangford Lough, Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau and Loch Maddy; Sabellaria alveolata in the Solway Firth and Morecambe Bay. There are candidate SACs selected on the basis of the presence of reefs which do have substantial areas of Modiolus reef (Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh, Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau), Sabellaria alveolata reef (Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau); and probably Sabellaria spinulosa reef (Lleyn Peninsula ...
Bérard-Therriault, L., Poulin, M. & Bossé, L. (1999). Guide didentification du phytoplancton marin de lestuaire et du Golfe du Saint-Laurent incluant également certains protozoaires. Publication Spéciale Canadienne des Sciences Halieutiques et Aquatiques 128: 1-387.. Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majestys Stationery Office.. Dodge, J.D. (1985). Atlas of dinoflagellates. A scanning electron microscope survey. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-119. Farrand Press.. Gómez, F., Moreira, D. & López-Garcia, P. (2010). Neoceratium gen. nov., a new genus for all marine species currently assigned to Ceratium (Dinophyceae). Protist 161: 35-54.. Lin Yongshi [Lin, Y.S.] (2009). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus VI Pyrrophyta No. I Dinophyceae Ceratiaceae. pp. [i]-xx, 1-93, pls I-XVIII. Beijing: Science Press.. McDermott, G. & Raine, R. (2006). The dinoflagellate genus Ceratium in Irish shelf seas. pp. [viii] + 1-86, 31 figs. Galway: ...
Coined:The first attempt for describing and naming organisms is began by ancient philosopher Aristotle (384-322BC) who tried to classify animal species in his work : The History of Animals. In parallel his pupill Theophrastus (c.371-c.287 BC) wrote about plant classification (Historia Plantarum). During the 1700s Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist Carl Linnaeus (1707 -1778) simplified the classification system of living organisms by imparting a two-part naming system, called binomial nomenclature, to make identification easier. American plant ecologist Robert Harding Whittaker (1920-1980) in 1969 proposed 5 kingdoms: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista and Monera. Prof Thomas Cavalier-Smith (1942- ) proposed a new Kingdom of Chromista in the system of 6 kingdoms: Plantae (eukaryotic characterised by cell wall) , Animalia (eukaryotic characterised by cells without cell wall), Fungi (eukaryotic characterised by cells without cell wall), Chromista (eukaryotic algae), Protozoa (unicellular ...
Gardiner, W. E., Rushing, A. E. & Dawes, C. J. 1989. Ultrastructural observations of Gyrodinium estuariale (Dinophyceae) (Note). J. Phycol. 25: 178-183.. Hulburt, E. M. 1957. The taxonomy of unarmored Dinophyceae of shallow embayments on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Biological Bulletin. 112: 196-219.. Steidinger, K. A. & Tangen, K. 1996. Dinoflagellates. In: Tomas, C. R. (ed.) Identifying marine diatoms and dinoflagellates. Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, p. 387-584.. Throndsen, J. 1969. Flagellates of Norwegian coastal waters. Nytt Mag. Bot. 16: 161-216.. ...
CUIABA, Brazil - Bosnia-Hercegovinas maiden appearance at a World Cup finals ended in disappointment as Peter Odemwingies goal condemned them to a 1-0 defeat by African champions Nigeria in Cuiaba and ensured they could not qualify for the second roun
Monophyly of the species of Hepatozoon (Adeleorina: Hepatozoidae) parasitizing (African) anurans, with the description of three new species from hyperoliid frogs in South Africa - Edward C. Netherlands, Courtney A. Cook, Louis H. Du Preez, Maarten P.M. Vanhove, Luc Brendonck, Nico J. Smit
Placement of Porites cylindrica in the aquarium should be similar to the conditions where it is found in the wild. In fact, it is a must if this species is to thrive!
Cirripectes obscurus és una espècie de peix de la família dels blènnids i de lordre dels perciformes. És un peix marí de clima tropical i associat als esculls de corall que viu entre 0-6 m de fondària.[4][5] Es troba a Hawaii[6][7][8] i a latol Midway.[4][9] És ovípar.[10] Els mascles poden assolir 20 cm de longitud total.[4][11] ...
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG). 1998. An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: 531-553.. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG II). 2003. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 399-436.. Baillon, H. 1869. Histoires des plantes, vol. 1. L. Hachette & Cie. Paris, France.. Barkman, T. J., G. Chenery, J. R. Mcneal, J. Lyons-Weiler, and C. W. Depamphilis. 2000. Independent and combined analyses of sequences from all three genomic compartments converge on the root of flowering plant phylogeny. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 97: 13166-13171.. Barkman, T. J., S.-H. Lim, K. M. Salleh, and J., Nais. 2004. Mitochondrial DNA sequences reveal the photosynthetic relatives of Rafflesia, the worlds largest flower. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 101: 787-792.. Barraclough, T. G. and V. ...
Single colonies of the scleractinian corals Lobophyllia corymbosa, Favites abdita, Favia matthaii, Favia stelligera, Platygyra daedalea, Leptoria phrygia, Cyphastrea serailia, Hydnophora exesa and Astreopora myriophthalma were permanently marked with buoys on the reef flat at Heron Island, Great Barrier Reef. Portions of colonies were removed up to seven times at intervals of two or three months. Aqueous extracts of the colony portions were assayed using six bioassay regimes namely, toxicity to mice, toxicity to a coral and a hydroid, cytolytic activity on sheep erythrocytes and sea urchin ova and for antimicrobial activity on eight bacterial species. The incidence of one type of bioactivity in an extract was not correlated with the incidence of any other type of activity in that extract. Although each coral colony provided extracts that affected at least two of the bioassay systems, different activity profiles were obtained from successive extracts of each colony. Thus there is a temporal ...
Dinoflagellates are ubiquitous marine and freshwater protists. The endosymbiotic relationship between dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium (also known as zooxanthellae) and corals forms the basis of coral reefs. We constructed and analyzed a cDNA library from a cultured Symbiodinium species clade A (CassKB8). The majority of annotated ESTs from the Symbiodinium sp. CassKB8 library cover metabolic genes. Most of those belong to either carbohydrate or energy metabolism. In addition, components of extracellular signal transduction pathways and genes that play a role in cell-cell communication were identified. In a subsequent analysis, we determined all orthologous cDNA sequences between this library (1,484 unique sequences) and a library from a Symbiodinium species clade C (C3) (3,336 unique sequences) that was isolated directly from its symbiotic host. A set of 115 orthologs were identified between Symbiodinium sp. CassKB8 and Symbiodinium sp. C3. These orthologs were subdivided into three ...
In Matthew 19:14 Jesus said, "Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these." We The Mission Partners at The Good Fight Foundation are committed to children in need, whether spiritual, emotional, mental or physical. Together through Gods love and power within us are changing the lives of countless children and teens for The Good. Our premier adipose stem cell therapy helps transform young lives in a tangible way. Your tax-deductible donation to The Good Fight Foundation will offer Families in need hope and life-changing SVF stem cell therapies. 100% of donations go directly to pay for therapies.. ...
http://www.lifeplusvitamins.com/discovery.htm. OMEGOLD - Special DHA - EPA Omega 3 Fatty Acid Fish Oil. OmeGold sets itself apart by including a specialized mix of essential plant oils, which are potent fat-soluble antioxidants. Each softgel capsule contains a precise blend of DHA and EPA omega-3 fatty acids combined with vitamin D and an exclusive proprietary blend of antioxidant-rich essential oils.. Research has shown that DHA is a critical component of the brain. In fact, one quarter of all brain lipids are comprised of DHA. OmeGold is full of the critically important omega-3 fatty acid that has been shown to positively affect cognitive function. The omega-3 fatty acids in OmeGold also help support cardiac health. Supportive but not conclusive research shows that consumption of EPA and DHA omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. Higher levels of DHA in the blood may support already normal levels of C reactive protein, a marker of inflammation and an indicator of ...
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Article Checklist of Mediterranean free-living dinoflagellates. An annotated checklist of free-living dinoflagellates (Dinophyceae) of the Black Sea, based on literature records, is reported and compared to the Mediterranean Sea and world oceans. Tox...
The invasive stages (zoites) of most apicomplexan parasites are polarised cells that use their actinomyosin-powered gliding motility or
Alveolata, Myzozoa)". Eur. J. Protistol. 44 (1): 55-70. doi:10.1016/j.ejop.2007.08.004. PMID 17936600. "Alveolates". Retrieved ... Myzozoa is a grouping of specific phyla within Alveolata, that either feed through myzocytosis, or were ancestrally capable of ... However, the taxonomic term Myzozoa specifically excludes ciliates which are rather under the higher taxonomic rank Alveolata. ... Alveolata): insights into the phagotrophic ancestry of apicomplexans". J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 50 (5): 334-40. doi:10.1111/j. ...
Pleurothallis altoserrana (Brazil - São Paulo). Pleurothallis alvaroi (Colombia). Pleurothallis alveolata (Ecuador). ...
... alveolata (Hinds, 1844). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 13 April 2010. Hastulopsis amoena ( ... Species within the genus Hastulopsis include: Hastulopsis alveolata (Hinds, 1844) Hastulopsis amoena (Deshayes, 1859) ... synonym of Hastulopsis alveolata (Hinds, 1844) Hastulopsis gotoensis (E.A. Smith, 1961): synonym of Hastulopsis gotoensis (E.A ...
... alveolata (Kiener, 1836). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 17 April 2010. Engina bonasia Martens, ... synonym of Engina alveolata (Kiener, 1836) Engina schrammi Crosse, 1863: synonym of Muricopsis schrammi (Crosse, 1863) Engina ... synonym of Engina alveolata (Kiener, 1836) Engina incarnata (Deshayes, 1834): synonym of Pollia incarnata (Deshayes, 1830) ... 1860 Engina alveolata (Kiener, 1836) Engina androyensis Fraussen, Monnier & Rosado, 2015 Engina armillata (Reeve, 1846) Engina ...
... alveolata (Dautzenberg, 1912). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 14 April 2010. Kermia aniani Kay, ... Kermia alveolata (Dautzenberg, 1912) Kermia aniani Kay, 1979 Kermia apicalis (Montrouzier in Souverbie, 1861) Kermia benhami ...
... is a genus of Alveolata. It includes the species Ornithocercus steini. Mijares, A. J.; Sevcik; Barboza; Saavedra ...
Über die karyokinetische Kerntheilung der Euglypha alveolata. "Morphologische Jahrbuch" 13, ss. 193-258 (1888) Man wünscht eine ...
15: 327 (1918). Goodyera alveolata Pradhan, Indian Orchids: Guide Identif. & Cult. 2: 691 (1979). Goodyera amoena Schltr., ...
Alveolata, Ciliophora)". Zoologica Scripta. 38 (6): 651-662. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2009.00395.x. Xu, Yuan; Li, Jiamei; Song, ... Alveolata)". Scientific Reports. 6 (1). doi:10.1038/srep24874. ISSN 2045-2322. PMC 4850378 . PMID 27126745. Foissner, Wilhelm ( ...
The type species is Sabellaria alveolata (Linnaeus, 1767). These worms are sedentary and build tubes in which to live from sand ... 1906 Sabellaria alveolata (Linnaeus, 1767) Sabellaria bella (Grube, 1870) Sabellaria bellani Kirtley, 1994 Sabellaria bellis ...
Ellobiopsis, now in Alveolata, was considered a chytrid. The bacteria were also included in fungi in some classifications, as ...
Alveolata comprises around 9 major and minor groups, which are very diverse in form, and are known to be related by various ... The Alveolata consist of Myzozoa, Ciliates, and Colponemids. In other words, the term Myzozoa, meaning "to siphon the contents ... Cavalier-Smith introduced the formal name Alveolata in 1991, although at the time he actually considered the grouping to be a ... Alveolata Cavalier-Smith 1991 [Alveolatobiontes] Phylum Ciliophora Doflein 1901 stat. n. Copeland 1956 [Ciliata Perty 1852; ...
... alveolata S.A.Hammer Bulbine angustifolia Poelln. Bulbine annua (L.) Willd. Bulbine asphodeloides (L.) Spreng. Bulbine ...
Eukaryota: SAR: Alveolata. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. Domain. Archaea. Bacteria. Eukaryota. (Supergroup. ...
Micronuclei primarily result from acentric chromosome fragments or lagging whole chromosomes that are not included in the daughter nuclei produced by mitosis because they fail to correctly attach to the spindle during the segregation of chromosomes in anaphase. These full chromosomes or chromatid fragments are eventually enclosed by a nuclear membranes and are structurally similar to conventional nuclei, albeit smaller in size. This small nucleus is referred to as a micronucleus. The formation of micronuclei can only be observed in cells undergoing nuclear division and can be clearly seen using cytochalasin B to block cytokinesis to produce a binucleated cells.[2] Acentric chromosome fragments may arise in a variety of ways. One way is that disrepair of DNA double-strand breaks can lead to symmetrical or asymmetrical chromatid and chromosome exchanges as well as chromatid and chromosome fragments. If DNA damage exceeds the repair capacity of the cell, unrepaired double-stranded DNA breaks may ...
A cryptogam (scientific name Cryptogamae) is a plant (in the wide sense of the word) that reproduces by spores, without flowers or seeds. "Cryptogamae" (Greek κρυπτός kryptos, "hidden" + γαμέω, gameein, "to marry") means "hidden reproduction", referring to the fact that no seed is produced, thus cryptogams represent the non-seed bearing plants. Other names, such as "thallophytes", "lower plants", and "spore plants" are also occasionally used. As a group, Cryptogamae are the opposite of the Phanerogamae (Greek φανερός, phaneros = "visible") or Spermatophyta (Greek σπέρμα, sperma = "seed" and φυτόν, phyton = "plant"), the seed plants. The best-known groups of cryptogams are algae, lichens, mosses and ferns,[1] but it also includes non-photosynthetic organisms traditionally classified as plants, such as fungi, slime molds, and bacteria.[2]The classification is now deprecated in Linnaean taxonomy. At one time, the cryptogams were formally recognised as a group within ...
Eukaryota: SAR: Alveolata. Domain. Archaea. Bacteria. Eukaryota. (Supergroup. Plant. Hacrobia. Heterokont. Alveolata. Rhizaria ...
... make up the taxonomic group Alveolata.[5] ...
Alveolata Phylum: Apicomplexa Class: Aconoidasida Order: Achromatorida Family: Theileriidae Genus: Cytauxzoon Species: C. felis ...
Alveolata Phylum: Apicomplexa Class: Aconoidasida Order: Haemospororida Family: Plasmodiidae Genus: Plasmodium. Marchiafava & ...
In 1876, Robert Koch (1843-1910) established that microorganisms can cause disease. He found that the blood of cattle that were infected with anthrax always had large numbers of Bacillus anthracis. Koch found that he could transmit anthrax from one animal to another by taking a small sample of blood from the infected animal and injecting it into a healthy one, and this caused the healthy animal to become sick. He also found that he could grow the bacteria in a nutrient broth, then inject it into a healthy animal, and cause illness. Based on these experiments, he devised criteria for establishing a causal link between a microorganism and a disease and these are now known as Koch's postulates.[18] Although these postulates cannot be applied in all cases, they do retain historical importance to the development of scientific thought and are still being used today.[19] The discovery of microorganisms such as Euglena that did not fit into either the animal or plant kingdoms, since they were ...
Alveolata)" (PDF). CICIMAR Océanides. 27 (1): 65-140. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-27. Ruggiero; et al. (2015 ...
Gómez F (2012). "A checklist and classification of living dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata, Alveolata)" (PDF). CICIMAR Océanides ...
A phylogenomic analysis published in 2016 casts doubt on Halvaria, suggesting that Alveolata is the sister group to Rhizaria ( ... Halvaria is a grouping that includes Alveolata and Heterokonta (Stramenopiles). Analyses in 2007 and 2008 agree that the ... "Reducing long-branch effects in multi-protein data uncovers a close relationship between Alveolata and Rhizaria". Molecular ... Stramenopiles and the Alveolata are related, forming a reduced chromalveolate clade. They group together with the Rhizaria ( ...
Eukaryota -- Alveolata -- Amoebozoa -- Archaeplastida -- Chromista -- Excavata -- Metazoa -- Mycota -- Rhizaria. *Le vivant ( ... o Alveolata │ ├─o Ciliophora │ └─o │ ├─o Dinoflagellata │ └─o Apicomplexa └─o ├─o Stramenopiles │ ├─o Opalinata │ └─o │ ├─o ... o infra-règne des Alveolata │ │ ├─o super-embranchement des Miozoa │ │ │ ├─o embranchement des Dinozoa │ │ │ │ ├─o sous- ... o Alveolata ├─o Ciliata └─o ├─o Apicomplexa └─o Dinoflagellata ...
The transcriptome of the novel dinoflagellate Oxyrrhis marina (Alveolata: Dinophyceae): response to salinity examined by 454 ...
Alveolata (cs); Alveolata (bs); Alveolata (it); এল্ভিয়োলাটা (bn); Alveolata (fr); Alveolata (jv); Alveolata (hr); Alveolata ( ... Alveolata (uk); Alveolats, Alveolata (ca); Alveolata (gl); Alveolatoj, Alveolata (eo); Alveolata (en); Alveolata (pl) ... Alveolata (es); Alveolata (ast); альвеоляты (ru); Alveolata (de); Ailbheolach (ga); حبابچه‌داران (fa); 囊泡虫类 (zh); Alveolata (ro ... vi); Alveolata (sr); Alveolate (tl); Alveolados (gl); Alveolata (id); alweolaty (pl); Alveolata (nb); Alveolatae (nl); 알베올라타 ( ...
Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Eucalyptus_subg._Alveolata&oldid=246162604" ...
Kermia alveolata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae. Kermia alveolata ( ...
Engina alveolata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pisaniidae. Engina alveolata (Kiener, 1836 ...
Sabellaria alveolata reefs are well represented in candidate SACs. Sabellaria alveolata does not have its own Species Action ... Sabellaria alveolata larva about seven and a half weeks old. Dorsal view.. Photographer: Douglas P. Wilson Copyright: Journal ... Sabellaria alveolata Honeycomb worm. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and ... Sabellaria alveolata reef at Dunraven, Southerndown, south Wales.. Photographer: Judith Oakley Copyright: Judith Oakley ...
Sabellaria alveolata on variable salinity sublittoral mixed sediment. Sabellaria alveolata on variable salinity sublittoral ... Sabellaria alveolata on variable salinity sublittoral mixed sediment. JNCC 2015. SS.SBR.PoR.SalvMx. Sabellaria alveolata on ... Sabellaria alveolata reefs. Habitat Action Plan. In UK Biodiversity Group. Tranche 2 Action Plans. English Nature for the UK ... A quantitative survey of the associated flora and fauna of Sabellaria alveolata (L.) reefs at Criccieth, North Wales. MSc ...
... allowing the inference of the evolutionary framework of these Alveolata members. ... The two latter belong to the Alveolata lineage. Main groups composing Alveolata are ciliates and a clade named Myzozoa. The ... Alveolata, Perkinsozoa), a parasitoid of dinoflagellates. Eur. J. Protistol. 58, 9-25. doi: 10.1016/j.ejop.2016.11.006 ... Garcés, E., Alacid, E., Bravo, I., Fraga, S., and Figueroa, R. I. (2013). Parvilucifera sinerae (Alveolata, Myzozoa) is a ...
Infection development and kinetics of Parvilucifera sinerae Figueroa & Garces 2008 (Perkinsozoa, Alveolata) in the marine toxic ...
The transcriptome of the novel dinoflagellate Oxyrrhis marina (Alveolata: Dinophyceae): response to salinity examined by 454 ... Alveolata: Dinophyceae). Protist. 2010, 161: 212-21. 10.1016/j.protis.2009.11.003.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar. ...
Alveolata. Authored by Brian S. Leander. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial ... Alveolata. Brian S. Leander Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window ... The Alveolata is a monophyletic group of primarily single-celled eukaryotes that have adopted extremely diverse modes of ... The Alveolata forms a sister group to two major clades of photosynthetic eukaryotes, namely the (ochrophyte) stramenopiles and ...
Alveolata[edit]. Alveolata are a group of protists which includes the Ciliophora, Apicomplexa and Dinoflagellata. Members of ...
Introduction to Kingdom Alveolata. The kingdom Alveolata is another diverse group. It includes some of the most familiar and ... Kingdom Alveolata: Apicomplexans. Apicomplexans are parasites, specialized for living and reproducing within the tissues of ... Kingdom Alveolata: Dinoflagellates. Dinoflagellates typically possess distinct shapes due to frames of cellulose within their ... Members of Kingdom Alveolata are even more diverse. They include the dinoflagellates that are involved in such diverse ...
Introduction to Kingdom Alveolata. The kingdom Alveolata is another diverse group. It includes some of the most familiar and ... Kingdom Alveolata: Dinoflagellates. Dinoflagellates usually have distinct shapes due to frames of cellulose within their cell ... Kingdom Alveolata: Apicomplexans. Apicomplexans are parasites, specialized for living and reproducing within the tissues of ... Members of Kingdom Alveolata are even more diverse. They include the dinoflagellates that are involved in such diverse ...
Eukaryota: SAR: Alveolata. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. Domain. Archaea. Bacteria. Eukaryota. (Supergroup. ...
Ganser, M., & Agatha, S. (2019). Capsules - unique organelles characterising specific tintinnid ciliate clades (Alveolata, ... Ganser, M & Agatha, S 2019, Capsules - unique organelles characterising specific tintinnid ciliate clades (Alveolata, ... Capsules - unique organelles characterising specific tintinnid ciliate clades (Alveolata, Ciliophora). Maximilian Ganser, ... Capsules - unique organelles characterising specific tintinnid ciliate clades (Alveolata, Ciliophora). / Ganser, Maximilian; ...
Eukaryota; Alveolata; Ciliophora; Intramacronucleata; Oligohymenophorea; Peniculida; Parameciidae; Paramecium. Genomic context ...
Eukaryota -- Alveolata -- Amoebozoa -- Archaeplastida -- Chromista -- Excavata -- Metazoa -- Mycota -- Rhizaria. *Le vivant ( ... o Alveolata │ ├─o Ciliophora │ └─o │ ├─o Dinoflagellata │ └─o Apicomplexa └─o ├─o Stramenopiles │ ├─o Opalinata │ └─o │ ├─o ... o infra-règne des Alveolata │ │ ├─o super-embranchement des Miozoa │ │ │ ├─o embranchement des Dinozoa │ │ │ │ ├─o sous- ... o Alveolata ├─o Ciliata └─o ├─o Apicomplexa └─o Dinoflagellata ...
Dinoflagellates (Eukaryota; Alveolata; Dinophyceae) are single-cell eukaryotic microorganisms implicated in many toxic ...
COLUMNARIA ALVEOLATA. Hudson River Group.. 3. Portion of the upper surface of a corallum found in Nelson county. Collection of ... COLUMNARIA ALVEOLATA. Hudson River Group.. 2. Longitudinal section of a corallum found near Fisherville, Jefferson county. ...
2.6 Alveolata 153. 2.6.1 Apicomplexa 155. 2.6.1.1 Development 155. 2.6.1.2 Morphology 157 ...
Alveolata. *Amoebozoa(英语:Template:Amoebozoa). *Excavata. *Protist(英语:Template:Protist structures) ...
Plasmodium är ett släkte protister som sprids med myggor till olika värddjur. Här återfinns bland annat de arter som hos människan ger upphov till malaria.. Plasmodierna sprids genom blodsugande myggor.. ...
Alveolata. All members have cilia and a membrane sac called an alveoulus. Euglenozoa. Characterized by the presence of one ot ...
Alveolata Cavalier-Smith, 1991 *Protalveolata Cavalier-Smith. 1991 przywrócony przez Adl i inni, 2012 ...
  • Opisthokonta (mainly Fungi and Metazoa ), Chloroplastida , Alveolata (ciliates) and Excavata ( Trichomonas ) for Eukaryota and Cyanobacteria , Actinobacteria , Proteobacteria and Firmicutes for Bacteria . (rsc.org)
  • Each major subgroup has certain unique features, including the alveoli of the Alveolata, the haptonema of the Haptophyta, the ejectisome of the Crytophyta, and the two different flagella of the Heterokontophyta. (thefullwiki.org)
  • The morphological features and phylogenetic position of these parasitoids represent ancestral characters for the Perkinsozoa phylum, and also for Dinozoa clade, allowing the inference of the evolutionary framework of these Alveolata members. (frontiersin.org)
  • Kermia alveolata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Molecular phylogeny and surface morphology of Colpodella edax (Alveolata): insights into the phagotrophic ancestry of apicomplexans. (eol.org)
  • Based on the phylogeny of SSU rRNA gene, the organism in question was shown to belong to Alveolata. (wiley.com)