A group of three related eukaryotic phyla whose members possess an alveolar membrane system, consisting of flattened membrane-bound sacs lying beneath the outer cell membrane.
Flagellate EUKARYOTES, found mainly in the oceans. They are characterized by the presence of transverse and longitudinal flagella which propel the organisms in a rotating manner through the water. Dinoflagellida were formerly members of the class Phytomastigophorea under the old five kingdom paradigm.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.

Kingdoms Protozoa and Chromista and the eozoan root of the eukaryotic tree. (1/52)

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High-level congruence of Myrionecta rubra prey and Dinophysis species plastid identities as revealed by genetic analyses of isolates from Japanese coastal waters. (2/52)

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Diversity in a hidden world: potential and limitation of next-generation sequencing for surveys of molecular diversity of eukaryotic microorganisms. (3/52)

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The Alveolate Perkinsus marinus: biological insights from EST gene discovery. (4/52)

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Telomeres and telomerase activity in scleractinian corals and Symbiodinium spp. (5/52)

Telomeres are the repetitive sequences of DNA and associated proteins that cap the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes and play an essential role in maintaining chromosome stability. Compromised telomeres can lead to cell cycle arrest, senescence, apoptosis, or genetic instability, whereas maintenance of telomeres can endow cells with the capacity for indefinite self-renewal. Telomere integrity is maintained in most cells by the activity of telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein that can catalyze the addition of repeat sequences onto chromosome ends. Using the telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) assay, we detected telomerase activity in host nuclear extracts prepared from two scleractinian corals, Madracis auretenra and Madracis decactis, and also in cultured Symbiodinium, the symbiotic algae that live within corals. Sequencing the TRAP reaction products indicated that the telomeric DNA repeat sequence was TTAGGG for coral and TTTAGGG for Symbiodinium. Using this sequence information, we estimated telomere lengths by terminal restriction fragment (TRF) analysis to be greater than 19 kb for several species of coral and their associated Symbiodinium. Maintenance of coral telomeres by telomerase activity may be a mechanism that confers continuous growth and reproductive plasticity to these long-lived organisms.  (+info)

Parallel analyses of Alexandrium catenella cell concentrations and shellfish toxicity in the Puget Sound. (6/52)

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Transcriptome analysis reveals nuclear-encoded proteins for the maintenance of temporary plastids in the dinoflagellate Dinophysis acuminata. (7/52)

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Biogenesis of the inner membrane complex is dependent on vesicular transport by the alveolate specific GTPase Rab11B. (8/52)

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Alveolata is a group of predominantly unicellular eukaryotes that includes dinoflagellates, apicomplexans (such as Plasmodium, the causative agent of malaria), and ciliates. This grouping is based on the presence of unique organelles called alveoli, which are membrane-bound sacs or vesicles located just beneath the cell membrane. These alveoli provide structural support and may also be involved in various cellular processes such as osmoregulation, nutrient uptake, and attachment to surfaces.

The medical significance of Alveolata lies primarily within the Apicomplexa, which contains many important parasites that infect humans and animals. These include Plasmodium spp., which cause malaria; Toxoplasma gondii, which causes toxoplasmosis; and Cryptosporidium parvum, which is responsible for cryptosporidiosis. Understanding the biology and behavior of these parasites at the cellular level can provide valuable insights into their pathogenesis, transmission, and potential treatment strategies.

Dinoflagellida is a large group of mostly marine planktonic protists, many of which are bioluminescent. Some dinoflagellates are responsible for harmful algal blooms (HABs), also known as "red tides," which can produce toxins that affect marine life and human health.

Dinoflagellates are characterized by two flagella, or whip-like structures, that they use for movement. They have complex cell structures, including a unique structure called the nucleomorph, which is the remnant of a former endosymbiotic event where another eukaryotic cell was engulfed and became part of the dinoflagellate's cell.

Dinoflagellates are important contributors to the marine food chain, serving as both primary producers and consumers. Some species form symbiotic relationships with other marine organisms, such as corals, providing them with nutrients in exchange for protection and other benefits.

Eukaryota is a domain that consists of organisms whose cells have a true nucleus and complex organelles. This domain includes animals, plants, fungi, and protists. The term "eukaryote" comes from the Greek words "eu," meaning true or good, and "karyon," meaning nut or kernel. In eukaryotic cells, the genetic material is housed within a membrane-bound nucleus, and the DNA is organized into chromosomes. This is in contrast to prokaryotic cells, which do not have a true nucleus and have their genetic material dispersed throughout the cytoplasm.

Eukaryotic cells are generally larger and more complex than prokaryotic cells. They have many different organelles, including mitochondria, chloroplasts, endoplasmic reticulum, and Golgi apparatus, that perform specific functions to support the cell's metabolism and survival. Eukaryotic cells also have a cytoskeleton made up of microtubules, actin filaments, and intermediate filaments, which provide structure and shape to the cell and allow for movement of organelles and other cellular components.

Eukaryotes are diverse and can be found in many different environments, ranging from single-celled organisms that live in water or soil to multicellular organisms that live on land or in aquatic habitats. Some eukaryotes are unicellular, meaning they consist of a single cell, while others are multicellular, meaning they consist of many cells that work together to form tissues and organs.

In summary, Eukaryota is a domain of organisms whose cells have a true nucleus and complex organelles. This domain includes animals, plants, fungi, and protists, and the eukaryotic cells are generally larger and more complex than prokaryotic cells.

Phylogeny is the evolutionary history and relationship among biological entities, such as species or genes, based on their shared characteristics. In other words, it refers to the branching pattern of evolution that shows how various organisms have descended from a common ancestor over time. Phylogenetic analysis involves constructing a tree-like diagram called a phylogenetic tree, which depicts the inferred evolutionary relationships among organisms or genes based on molecular sequence data or other types of characters. This information is crucial for understanding the diversity and distribution of life on Earth, as well as for studying the emergence and spread of diseases.

... is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae. The length of the shell ... MNHN, Paris: Kermia alveolata (holotype) Tucker, J.K. (2004). "Catalog of recent and fossil turrids (Mollusca: Gastropoda)" ( ... Kermia alveolata (Dautzenberg, 1912). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 5 April 2010. Dautzenberg, P., ... "5(3): 111 p, 3 pls Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kermia alveolata. ...
... is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pisaniidae. Engina alveolata (Kiener, 1836 ...
... occurs on the bottom third or so of the intertidal zone and in the shallow subtidal zone. The worms ... Sabellaria alveolata is an annelid (ringed worm) that lives in small tubes it constructs from cemented coarse sand and/or shell ... Sabellaria alveolata is found in the Mediterranean and the north Atlantic from Britain south to Morocco. In Britain and Ireland ... Sabellaria alveolata, (also known as the honeycomb worm), is a reef-forming polychaete. It is distributed around the ...
... is a species of beetle in the family Cerambycidae. It was described by Martins in 1984. Bezark, Larry G ...
Alveolata, Myzozoa)". Eur. J. Protistol. 44 (1): 55-70. doi:10.1016/j.ejop.2007.08.004. PMID 17936600. "Alveolates". Retrieved ... Myzozoa is a grouping of specific phyla within Alveolata, that either feed through myzocytosis, or were ancestrally capable of ... However, the taxonomic term Myzozoa specifically excludes ciliates which are rather under the higher taxonomic rank Alveolata. ... Alveolata): insights into the phagotrophic ancestry of apicomplexans". J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 50 (5): 334-40. doi:10.1111/j. ...
Collybia alveolata Sacc. Collybia butyracea Quel. Collybia chortophila Sacc. Collybia confluens Quel. Collybia dryophila Quel. ...
... alveolata (Hinds, 1844). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 13 April 2010. Hastulopsis amoena ( ... Hastulopsis alveolata (Hinds, 1844): synonym of Maculauger alveolatus (Hinds, 1844) Hastulopsis amoena (Deshayes, 1859): ...
... alveolata (Kiener, 1836). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 17 April 2010. Engina bonasia Martens, ... Species within the genus Engina include: Engina albocincta Pease, 1860 Engina alveolata (Kiener, 1836) Engina androyensis ... synonym of Engina alveolata (Kiener, 1836) Engina schrammi Crosse, 1863: synonym of Muricopsis schrammi (Crosse, 1863) Engina ... synonym of Engina alveolata (Kiener, 1836) Engina incarnata (Deshayes, 1834): synonym of Pollia incarnata (Deshayes, 1830) ...
... alveolata (Dautzenberg, 1912). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 14 April 2010. Kermia aniani Kay, ... Kermia alveolata (Dautzenberg, 1912) Kermia aniani Kay, 1979 Kermia apicalis (Montrouzier in Souverbie, 1861) Kermia benhami ...
... alveolata Schewiakoff, 1893; A. subalpina West, 1901; A. vesiculata Penard, 1901) Actinophrys pontica Valkanov, 1940 ...
1881accepted as Hymenopellis alveolata (Kalchbr.) R.H. Petersen [as alveolatus], (2010) Agaricus (Collybia) butyraceus Bull. ...
In 2017, Thomas Cavalier-Smith described the phylogeny of the Alveolata as follows: Alveolata Cavalier-Smith 1991 [ ... The Alveolata consist of Myzozoa, Ciliates, and Colponemids. In other words, the term Myzozoa, meaning "to siphon the contents ... Cavalier-Smith introduced the formal name Alveolata in 1991, although at the time he considered the grouping to be a ... Many biologists prefer the use of the colloquial name 'alveolate'. Alveolata include around nine major and minor groups. They ...
Über die karyokinetische Kerntheilung der Euglypha alveolata. "Morphologische Jahrbuch" 13, ss. 193-258 (1888) Man wünscht eine ...
N. (Colponemida, Alveolata) from the Red Sea". Zool. Zhurnal. 88: 1163-1169. (CS1: abbreviated year range, Articles with short ... description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Flagellates, Alveolata). ...
Mylnikov, A. P. (2009-12-01). "Ultrastructure and phylogeny of colpodellids (Colpodellida, Alveolata)". Biology Bulletin. 36 (6 ... Alveolata)". Inland Water Biology. 2 (3): 199-204. doi:10.1134/S199508290903002X. ISSN 1995-0837. ...
Alveolata, Ciliophora)". Zoologica Scripta. 38 (6): 651-662. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2009.00395.x. S2CID 84951188. Xu, Yuan; Li ... Alveolata)". Scientific Reports. 6 (1): 24874. Bibcode:2016NatSR...624874G. doi:10.1038/srep24874. PMC 4850378. PMID 27126745. ...
The type species is Sabellaria alveolata (Linnaeus, 1767). These worms are sedentary and build tubes in which to live from sand ... 1906 Sabellaria alveolata (Linnaeus, 1767) Sabellaria bella (Grube, 1870) Sabellaria bellani Kirtley, 1994 Sabellaria bellis ...
Ellobiopsis, now in Alveolata, was considered a chytrid. The bacteria were also included in fungi in some classifications, as ...
The Chromalveolata included Stramenopiles, Haptophyta, Cryptophyta and Alveolata. However, in 2008 the group was found not to ... Alveolata and Rhizaria) and Hacrobia (Haptista and Cryptista). Patron et al. (2004) considered the presence of a unique class ...
... alveolata S.A.Hammer Bulbine angustifolia Poelln. Bulbine annua (L.) Willd. Bulbine asphodeloides (L.) Spreng. Bulbine ...
... alveolata C.K.Allen Litsea amicorum Kosterm. Litsea anamo Kosterm. Litsea andreana Ng Litsea aneityensis Guillaumin ...
The SAR supergroup (i.e., Stramenopiles, Alveolata, and Rhizaria) heavily dominated PIDA, and comparisons against a global- ... Gómez F (2012). "A checklist and classification of living dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata, Alveolata)". CICIMAR Oceánides. 27 ( ... Al Alveolata, St Stramenopiles, Ha Haptista, Cy Cryptista, Ap Archaeplastida, Ex Excavata, Ob Obazoa, Am Amoebozoa, Cu CRuMS, ...
Gómez, F. (2012-06-04). "A checklist and classification of living dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata, Alveolata)". CICIMAR ...
Gómez F (2012). "A checklist and classification of living dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata, Alveolata)". CICIMAR Oceánides. 27 ( ...
... alveolata [[Udai Chandra Pradhan,Pradha Goodyera amoena Schltr. Goodyera angustifolia Schltr. Goodyera araneosa H.Z. ...
Gómez F (2012). "A checklist and classification of living dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata, Alveolata)". CICIMAR Oceánides. 27 ( ...
Gómez F (2012). "A checklist and classification of living dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata, Alveolata)". CICIMAR Oceánides. 27 ( ...
doi: 10.1111/jeu.12180 Gómez, F. (2012). "A checklist and classification of living dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata, Alveolata ...
Alveolata)". CICIMAR Oceánides. 27 (1): 65-140. doi:10.37543/oceanides.v27i1.111. Ruggiero; et al. (2015), "Higher Level ...
Gómez F (2012). "A checklist and classification of living dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata, Alveolata)" (PDF). CICIMAR Oceánides ...
Kermia alveolata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae. The length of the shell ... MNHN, Paris: Kermia alveolata (holotype) Tucker, J.K. (2004). "Catalog of recent and fossil turrids (Mollusca: Gastropoda)" ( ... Kermia alveolata (Dautzenberg, 1912). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 5 April 2010. Dautzenberg, P., ... "5(3): 111 p, 3 pls Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kermia alveolata. ...
Sabellaria alveolata reefs on sand-abraded eulittoral rock. JNCC 2022. LS.LBR.Sab.Salv. Sabellaria alveolata reefs on sand- ... Sabellaria alveolata reefs on sand-abraded eulittoral rock. JNCC 2004. LS.LBR.Sab.Salv. Sabellaria alveolata reefs on sand- ... A2.711 - Sabellaria alveolata reefs on sand-abraded eulittoral rock. JNCC 2015. LS.LBR.Sab.Salv - Sabellaria alveolata reefs on ... Although settlement of Sabellaria alveolata is sporadic, areas that are good for Sabellaria alveolata tend to remain so because ...
Fiery branchia and a wreathed ...
Sabellaria alveolata (Linnaeus, 1767). T4014727 Quick-Link [ https://copepedia.org/?id=T4014727 ]. Species ( WoRMS-Aphia: ...
Stentor roeselii; dividing specimen; focus plane on the long adoral membranelle zone. Cilia in metachronic movement. The new oral region of the daughter is already developing on left side of the image. ...
Widespread occurrence and genetic diversity of marine parasitoids belonging to ,i,Syndiniales,/i, (,i,Alveolata,/i,) ... Widespread occurrence and genetic diversity of marine parasitoids belonging to Syndiniales (Alveolata). ...
Alveolata, Syndinea) detected in marine decapod crustaceans from waters of Denmark and Greenland ... Alveolata, Syndinea) detected in marine decapod crustaceans from waters of Denmark and Greenland. ... Alveolata, Syndinea) detected in marine decapod crustaceans from waters of Denmark and Greenland ...
Dive into the research topics of Prevalence and seasonality of Hematodinium (Alveolata: Syndinea) in a Scottish crustacean ... Prevalence and seasonality of Hematodinium (Alveolata: Syndinea) in a Scottish crustacean community. ...
2000-1 NE Mapping, Condition & Conservation Assessment of Honeycomb Worm Sabellaria alveolata Reefs Published by:. Natural ... Survey name: 2000-1 NE Mapping, Condition & Conservation Assessment of Honeycomb Worm Sabellaria alveolata Reefs This is a ...
Infraregnum: Alveolata Phylum: Ciliophora. Subphylum: Postciliodesmatophora. Class: Heterotrichea Order: Heterotrichida ...
Infraregnum: Alveolata Phylum: Ciliophora. Subphylum: Intramacronucleata. Infraphylum: Ventrata Classis: Plagiopylea Ordo: ...
The Protista is not a monophyletic group. It is a useful category of single-celled eukaryotes. A few are multi-celled, but with no differentiated tissues. ...
European Marine Sites, Datasets, Species and Distribution - MarBEF Integrated Data System (MarIDaS)
Alveolata (Infrakingdom). *Myzozoa (Phylum). *Dinozoa (Subphylum). *Dinoflagellata (Infraphylum). *Dinophyceae (Class). * ...
Depressorotunda alveolata Kontschán & Starý, 2011 , PT. Depressorotunda batuensis Kontschán & Starý, 2012 , PT. Deraiophorus ...
Patterns of genetic diversity in the marine heterotrophic flagellate Oxyrrhis marina (Alveolata: Dinophyceae).. ... Patterns of genetic diversity in the marine heterotrophic flagellate Oxyrrhis marina (Alveolata: Dinophyceae).. ... Alveolata: Dinophyceae): response to salinity examined by 454 sequencing. BMC genomics, 12, 519-519. ... Alveolata: Dinophyceae): response to salinity examined by 454 sequencing. BMC genomics, 12, 519-519. ...
241001466460 Alveolata Species 0.000 description 3 * OIFBSDVPJOWBCH-UHFFFAOYSA-N Diethyl carbonate Chemical compound CCOC(=O) ...
Alveolata, Ciliophora, Phyllopharyngea). LIJUAN WANG, YUANJUN ZHAO & JUN GONG (China). Preview (PDF; 20KB) , Full article (PDF ...
... and Alveolata was higher at high-pH. Gammaproteobacteria were more abundant at low-pH (Figure 1 and Supplementary Table 1). ...
Reinstatement of the dinoflagellate genus Tripos to replace Neoceratium, marine species of Ceratium (Dinophyceae, Alveolata). ...
Eukaryota; Alveolata; Apicomplexa; Aconoidasida; Haemosporida; Plasmodiidae; Plasmodium; Plasmodium (Vinckeia). Old locus tag. ...
But it also recorded from rock, artificial substrata, and Sabellaria alveolata reefs (Blanchard, 1997, 2009; Bohn et al., 2012 ...
But it also recorded from rock, artificial substrata, and Sabellaria alveolata reefs (Blanchard, 1997, 2009; Bohn et al., 2012 ...
... and two sandy areas showing biogenic reefs of Sabelleria alveolata. We adopted, for the first time, UAV-based raster thematic ...
Alveolata - dinoflagellate (eg. Protoperidinium). Stramenopila - Chaetoceros. Rhizaria - Gromia. "Hacrobia" - centrohelid " ...
Amoebae are spread in several supergroups, including Amoe-bozoa, Rhizaria, Excavata, Heterokonta, Alveolata, Opisthokonta, and ...
Alveolata Infrakingdom. :. Myzozoa Phylum. :. Dinozoa Subphylum. :. Dinoflagellata Infraphylum. :. Dinophyceae Class. :. ...
The case of Sabellaria alveolata L. in Ireland Marine Environmental Research 169, 105344-105344 , DOI Open access ...
Alveolata , Apicomplexa , Conoidasida , . . .. . . . , Sarcocystidae , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasma gondii ] Picture Source Taxonomy ... Eukaryota , Alveolata , Apicomplexa , Conoidasida , Coccidia , Eucoccidiorida , Eimeriorina , Sarcocystidae , Toxoplasma , ...
  • Sabellaria alveolata growing on sand abraded eulittoral rocks. (marlin.ac.uk)
  • Small hummock of Sabellaria alveolata at Dunraven, Southerndown, south Wales. (marlin.ac.uk)
  • Many wave-exposed boulder scar grounds in the eastern basin of the Irish Sea (and as far south as Cornwall), are characterized by reefs of Sabellaria alveolata which build tubes from the mobile sand surrounding the boulders and cobbles. (marlin.ac.uk)
  • The tubes formed by Sabellaria alveolata form large reef-like hummocks, which serve to further stabilize the boulders. (marlin.ac.uk)
  • Sabellaria alveolata can perform important stabilization of habitat, particularly when forming raised structures and reefs (see Ecology). (marlin.ac.uk)
  • Collins (2001) found 59 faunal taxa and 18 floral taxa associated with Sabellaria alveolata reefs at Criccieth in North Wales, dominated by annelids, molluscs, nematodes and hexapods. (marlin.ac.uk)
  • Dias & Paula (2001) recorded a total of 137 taxa in Sabellaria alveolata colonies on two shores on the central coast of Portugal. (marlin.ac.uk)
  • 1998) often attributed to the presence of extensive Sabellaria alveolata sheets. (marlin.ac.uk)
  • Conservation Assessment of Honeycomb Worm Sabellaria alveolata Reefs This is a collation of surveys to gather data and evidence from a variety of. (data.gov.uk)
  • Coastwatch Team member Mick Berry gives a brief overview of Honeycomb Reef, the Sabellaria alveolata, and our effect on their natural environment. (coastwatch.org)
  • godini, sam Cavalier-Smith izrazio je želju da se u Chromista premjeste Alveolata , Rhizaria i Heliozoa . (wikipedia.org)
  • [17] A secondary endosymbiosis event involving an ancestral red alga and a heterotrophic eukaryote resulted in the evolution and diversification of several other photosynthetic lineages such as Cryptophyta , Haptophyta , Stramenopiles (or Heterokontophyta) , and Alveolata . (wikipedia.org)
  • The transcriptome of the novel dinoflagellate Oxyrrhis marina (Alveolata: Dinophyceae): response to salinity examined by 454 sequencing. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • A continuación describiremos un árbol filogenético con varias especies Organismos celulares Eukaryota Alveolata Viridiplantae Lophotrochozoa Ecdysozoa Opisthokonta Chordata Millerieae Chondrichthyes Liliopsida Teleostomi Bacteria (Outgroup) Eso es todo por hoy! (powtoon.com)
  • Kermia alveolata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Bay of Mont-Saint-Michel, France, S. alveolata reefs are considered the largest reef formations in Europe and are increasingly endangered by anthropogenic pressure. (int-res.com)
  • In order to understand the role of larval transport on the resilience capacity of these biogenic reefs, multiple complementary approaches were carried out within the bay in 2002 to study horizontal and vertical distribution of S. alveolata larvae and assess larval dispersal processes. (int-res.com)
  • En av disse gruppene er sporedyrene (Apicomplexa), som blant annet inkluderer malariaparasitten. (artsdatabanken.no)
  • One of the objectives of the REEHAB project ( http://www.honeycombworms.org ) was to combine historical records with contemporary data to document changes in the distribution and abundance of S. alveolata . (seanoe.org)