The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Round, granular, mononuclear phagocytes found in the alveoli of the lungs. They ingest small inhaled particles resulting in degradation and presentation of the antigen to immunocompetent cells.
Small polyhedral outpouchings along the walls of the alveolar sacs, alveolar ducts and terminal bronchioles through the walls of which gas exchange between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood takes place.

Arrested eruption of the permanent lower second molar. (1/342)

The incidence of retention/impaction of the permanent lower second molar (M2inf) lies between 0.6/1000 and 3/1000. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the craniofacial morphology, the frequency of dental anomalies and the inclination of the affected M2inf and the adjacent first molar in patients with arrested eruption of M2inf. The overall goal was to elucidate the aetiology of arrested tooth eruption and to present the characteristics of these patients in order to improve diagnosis and treatment planning. Radiographic material (profile radiographs and orthopantomograms) from 19 patients (nine females and 10 males; 13-19 years of age at the time of referral) were analysed. The ages of the patients when profile radiographs were taken for cephalometric analysis varied from 8 to 16 years. The study shows that this group of patients, compared with a reference group, had an increased sagittal jaw relationship (Class II). Specifically, the mandibular prognathism was less, the mandibular gonial angle smaller, the mandibular alveolar prognathism enlarged and the maxillary incisor inclination less than in the reference group. Furthermore, this group of patients had a more frequent occurrence of morphological tooth anomalies, such as root deflections, invaginations, and taurodontism. However, none of the patients with arrested eruption of M2inf had agenesis of the lower third molar. The study did not reveal an association between the degree of inclination of the M2inf and that of the first molar in the same region. The results of this investigation show that conditions such as the craniofacial morphology and deviations in the dentition are associated with arrested eruption of M2inf. Therefore, it is important to evaluate these conditions in future diagnosis and treatment planning of patients with arrested eruption of M2inf.  (+info)

Imaging of a Stafne bone cavity: what MR adds and why a new name is needed. (2/342)

Stafne bone cavities are asymptomatic radiolucencies seen at the angle of the mandible. Although plain films are often sufficient for diagnosis, confirmatory imaging is needed in atypical cases. We describe the MR imaging findings of a Stafne bone cavity, describe the contents, explain why a new name is needed, and discuss the relative merits of different radiologic techniques for establishing this diagnosis.  (+info)

Efficacy of mandibular topical anesthesia varies with the site of administration. (3/342)

This study compared the threshold of pain sensitivity in the anterior mandibular mucobuccal fold with the posterior. This was followed by a comparison of the reduction of needle insertion pain in the anterior mucobuccal fold and the pterygo-temporal depression by either topical anesthesia or nitrous oxide inhalation. The pain threshold was determined by an analgometer, a pain-measuring device that depends on pressure readings; additionally, pain caused by a needle inserted by a normal technique was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS). The threshold of pain was significantly lower in the incisor and canine regions than in the premolar and the molar regions (P < 0.001). Compared to a placebo, topical anesthesia significantly reduced the pain from needle insertion in the mucobuccal fold adjacent to the mandibular canine (P < 0.001), but did not significantly reduce pain in the pterygotemporal depression. The addition of 30% nitrous oxide did not significantly alter pain reduction compared to a control of 100% oxygen. These results suggest that topical anesthesia application may be effective in reducing the pain of needle insertion in the anterior mandibular mucobuccal fold, but may not be as effective for a standard inferior alveolar nerve block. The addition of 30% nitrous oxide did not lead to a significant improvement.  (+info)

Mandibular shape and skeletal divergency. (4/342)

Pre-treatment lateral cephalograms of 41 skeletal Class I girls aged 11 to 15 were divided according to MP-SN angle: lower than 28 degrees (hypodivergent, 10 girls), between 31 and 34 degrees (normodivergent, 18 girls), or larger than 37 degrees (hyperdivergent, 13 girls). The mandibular outlines were traced and digitized, and differences in shape were quantified using the elliptic Fourier series. Size differences were measured from the areas enclosed by the mandibular outlines. Shape differences were assessed by calculating a morphological distance (MD) between the size-independent mean mathematical reconstructions of the mandibular outlines of the three divergency classes. Mandibular shape was different in the three classes: large variations were found in hyperdivergent girls versus normodivergent girls (MD = 4.61), while smaller differences were observed in hypodivergent girls (MD versus normodivergent 2.91). Mean size-independent mandibular shapes were superimposed on an axis passing through the centres of gravity of the condyle and of the chin. Normodivergent and hyperdivergent mandibles differed mostly at gonion, the coronoid process, sigmoid notch, alveolar process, posterior border of the ramus, and along the mandibular plane. A significant size effect was also found, with smaller mandibles in the hyperdivergent girls.  (+info)

Neural modulation of inflammatory reactions in dental tissues incident to orthodontic tooth movement. A review of the literature. (5/342)

This article reviews the current knowledge of the biological aspects of dental tissue changes incident to orthodontic tooth movement. The inflammatory nature of these tissue changes was first recognized in the early 1970s, and since then a number of morphological and quantitative investigations have been published in support of this view. The studies dealing with vascular and cellular dental tissue changes, as well as those concerned with inflammatory mediators present at sites of orthodontic tooth movement are systematized and presented accordingly. Special emphasis is placed upon the role of the sensory nerve fibres and their neuropeptides in the control, and development of an inflammatory process, i.e. their role in tooth movement.  (+info)

Osteometry of the mandible performed using dental MR imaging. (6/342)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: On cross-sectional and panoramic reformatted images from axial (dental) CT scans of the mandible it may be difficult to identify the inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle (IANB) in patients lacking a clear-cut bony delimitation of the mandibular canal. Dental MR images are comparable to dental CT scans, which directly show the IANB; however, measurements of length may not be reliable owing to susceptibility artifacts and field inhomogeneities in the oral cavity. Therefore, the accuracy of length measurements on dental MR images was compared with that on dental CT scans and direct osteometry. METHODS: Dental T1-weighted MR imaging using a high-resolution turbo gradient-echo sequence and dental CT were performed in six anatomic specimens. The axial scans were reformatted as panoramic and cross-sectional reconstructions on a workstation and characteristic cross sections were obtained from all mandibles. The longest axis in the bucco-lingual and apico-basal directions, the distances from the top of the mandibular canal to the top of the alveolar ridge and from the bottom of the mandibular canal to the base of the mandible, and the diameter of the bone cortex at the alveolar ridge were measured with direct osteometry on the cross sections and compared with measurements on corresponding MR and CT reformatted images. RESULTS: The correlation between direct osteometry and dental MR and CT was strong, except for the bone cortex diameter at the top of the alveolar ridge, where only a moderate correlation was found. Means of comparable length measurements were not significantly different among the three methods. CONCLUSION: The accuracy of length measurements in the jaw bones obtained using dental MR is comparable to that of dental CT and is not significantly different from direct osteometry. Thus, dental MR is a potential alternative to CT for dental imaging.  (+info)

A 5-year post-operative review of secondary alveolar bone grafting in the Yorkshire region. (7/342)

The objective of this study was to determine the quality of secondary alveolar bone grafting in the Yorkshire region, and consisted of a retrospective review of patients case notes and radiographs at five surgical units within the Yorkshire region. The subjects were 109 patients who had secondary alveolar bone grafting between 1.9.91. and 31.8.96. The quality of outcome was assessed using a four-point radiographic scale from occlusal radiographs taken at least 3 months post-operatively: Grade 1 = > 75 per cent bony in-fill, Grade 2 = 50-75 per cent bony in-fill, Grade 3 = < 50 per cent bony in-fill, and Grade 4 = no bony bridge. The radiographic assessment scale was assessed for reliability: inter-examiner weighted kappa = 0.622-0.715 and intra-examiner = 0.818-0.943. Grade 1 results were achieved in 63.2 per cent patients receiving orthodontic expansion and in 40 per cent without expansion before grafting. The four-point radiographic scale described is a useful tool in assessing alveolar bone grafting, Orthodontic expansion.  (+info)

Blood vessel response to pan-endothelium (RECA-1) antibody in normal and tooth loaded rat periodontal ligament. (8/342)

Immunolabelling of the normal rat molar periodontal ligament (PDL) with RECA-1 antibody, an endothelial cell surface marker, demonstrated the endothelium in the different categories of blood vessels. The intensity of immunolabelling was similar for venous capillaries (VC), post-capillary-sized venules (PCV), and collecting venules (CV). Arterial capillaries (AC) and terminal arterioles (TA) showed a different response, both having a high intensity of endothelium and smooth muscle cell labelling, whether they were located in the PDL or alveolar bone. An experimental, continuous loading of approximately 100 g was applied unilaterally to the mandibular molars for 10 minutes. In the PDL apical compression zone this load resulted in a loss of RECA-1 immunolabelling of the VC, PCV, and CV. Adjacent to the alveolar crest, where shear and tension loads were judged to have occurred, there was enhanced immunoreactivity of VC, PCV, and CV. In the loaded PDL, the AC and TA, irrespective of their location in the ligament or bone, showed strong immunofluorescence of their endothelium and the enveloping smooth muscle layer. Vessel and PDL immunofluorescence were analysed with standardized grey scale densitometry, and the data subjected to ANOVA. Comparison between individual vessel means showed significant differences (P < 0.05). Control teeth showed no immunostaining difference between the coronal and apical region vessels, whereas in the loaded teeth the overall cervical vessel endothelium had a significantly higher value than the apical vessel endothelium (P < 0.001). These findings demonstrate that the endothelium of this microvascular bed can undergo significant immunoreactivity changes when exposed to short-term, continuous, tooth loading.  (+info)

The alveolar process is the curved part of the jawbone (mandible or maxilla) that contains sockets or hollow spaces (alveoli) for the teeth to be embedded. These processes are covered with a specialized mucous membrane called the gingiva, which forms a tight seal around the teeth to help protect the periodontal tissues and maintain oral health.

The alveolar process is composed of both compact and spongy bone tissue. The compact bone forms the outer layer, while the spongy bone is found inside the alveoli and provides support for the teeth. When a tooth is lost or extracted, the alveolar process begins to resorb over time due to the lack of mechanical stimulation from the tooth's chewing forces. This can lead to changes in the shape and size of the jawbone, which may require bone grafting procedures before dental implant placement.

The maxilla is a paired bone that forms the upper jaw in vertebrates. In humans, it is a major bone in the face and plays several important roles in the craniofacial complex. Each maxilla consists of a body and four processes: frontal process, zygomatic process, alveolar process, and palatine process.

The maxillae contribute to the formation of the eye sockets (orbits), nasal cavity, and the hard palate of the mouth. They also contain the upper teeth sockets (alveoli) and help form the lower part of the orbit and the cheekbones (zygomatic arches).

Here's a quick rundown of its key functions:

1. Supports the upper teeth and forms the upper jaw.
2. Contributes to the formation of the eye sockets, nasal cavity, and hard palate.
3. Helps shape the lower part of the orbit and cheekbones.
4. Partakes in the creation of important sinuses, such as the maxillary sinus, which is located within the body of the maxilla.

The mandible, also known as the lower jaw, is the largest and strongest bone in the human face. It forms the lower portion of the oral cavity and plays a crucial role in various functions such as mastication (chewing), speaking, and swallowing. The mandible is a U-shaped bone that consists of a horizontal part called the body and two vertical parts called rami.

The mandible articulates with the skull at the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) located in front of each ear, allowing for movements like opening and closing the mouth, protrusion, retraction, and side-to-side movement. The mandible contains the lower teeth sockets called alveolar processes, which hold the lower teeth in place.

In medical terminology, the term "mandible" refers specifically to this bone and its associated structures.

Alveolar macrophages are a type of macrophage (a large phagocytic cell) that are found in the alveoli of the lungs. They play a crucial role in the immune defense system of the lungs by engulfing and destroying any foreign particles, such as dust, microorganisms, and pathogens, that enter the lungs through the process of inhalation. Alveolar macrophages also produce cytokines, which are signaling molecules that help to coordinate the immune response. They are important for maintaining the health and function of the lungs by removing debris and preventing infection.

Pulmonary alveoli, also known as air sacs, are tiny clusters of air-filled pouches located at the end of the bronchioles in the lungs. They play a crucial role in the process of gas exchange during respiration. The thin walls of the alveoli, called alveolar membranes, allow oxygen from inhaled air to pass into the bloodstream and carbon dioxide from the bloodstream to pass into the alveoli to be exhaled out of the body. This vital function enables the lungs to supply oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body and remove waste products like carbon dioxide.

The alveolar process is also called the alveolar bone or alveolar ridge. The curved portion is referred to as the alveolar arch ... the alveolar process was missing from her charred maxilla. Superior area of the alveolar process on the mandible The alveolar ... the alveolar processes are covered by gums. How the roots of the teeth, gums, and alveolar bone are related Eroded alveolar ... may affect the development of the alveolar processes. This occurrence can prevent the alveolar processes of either the maxillae ...
... across the alveolar process to supply the gingiva. Anterior superior alveolar arteries Posterior superior alveolar nerve Left ... The posterior superior alveolar artery (posterior dental artery) is a branch of the maxillary artery. It is one of two or three ... Some branches enter the alveolar canals to supply the upper molar and premolar teeth as well as the maxillary sinus and ... It emits branches that pass through foramina on the posterior aspect of the maxilla alongside the posterior superior alveolar ...
... , also known as dry socket, is inflammation of the alveolar bone (i.e., the alveolar process of the maxilla or ... Alveolar refers to the alveolus, the alveolar processes of the mandible or maxilla; osteitis is derived from oste-, from Greek ... Alveolar osteitis usually occurs where the blood clot fails to form or is lost from the socket (i.e., the defect left in the ... The bones of the jaws seem to have some evolutionary resistance to this process. When bone is exposed at other sites in the ...
... diagnosis using routinely processed smears of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid". Journal of Clinical Pathology. 50 (12): 981-4. doi ... a critical factor in development of alveolar macrophages. Decreased bioavailability of GM-CSF results in poor alveolar ... For example, chest x-ray may show alveolar opacities, and a CT may show a crazy paving lung pattern, both of which are seen ... Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare lung disorder characterized by an abnormal accumulation of surfactant-derived ...
... s are classified as processes that affect these units that ultimately lead to issues with ventilation. ... Chronic alveolar lung disease can be caused by pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, alveolar cell carcinoma, mineral oil pneumonia, ... and alveolar microlithiasis. Alveolar lung disease may be divided into acute or chronic. Causes of acute alveolar lung disease ... The absence of radiographic evidence early on in the course of disease does not exclude alveolar disease. Alveolar disease is ...
Alveolar bony defects • Alveolar osteitis • Alveolar process of maxilla • Alveolar ridge • Amalgam • Ameloblast • Ameloblastic ... Median alveolar cyst • Median palatal cyst • Melbourne Faculty of Dentistry • Mentadent • Metacone • Metastatic tumor of jaws ... Superior alveolar artery • Superior mouth • Supernumerary roots • Swedish Dental Association • Sydney Faculty of Dentistry ... process • Tongue • Tongue cleaner • Tongue diseases • Tongue piercing • Tongue scraper • Tongue thrust • Tonsillolith • Tooth ...
The alveolar process of the maxilla was also absent. A piece of gold (probably a filling) was found in the mouth cavity, and a ... and was broken and burnt around the alveolar process, the bulge that encases the tooth sockets. Splinters of glass and a "thin- ... Hitler's dental remains include a mandibular fragment broken around the alveolar process. Axmann also stated both that he saw ...
"Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in workers at an indium processing facility". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care ... The Technical Guideline for Preventing Health Impairment of Workers Engaged in the Indium Tin Oxide Handling Processes (PDF). ... but it is hypothesized that indium may exacerbate existing autoimmune disorders or that phagocytosis of indium by alveolar ... The major signs of indium lung are pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and pulmonary fibrosis. Symptoms include dyspnea (shortness ...
When a tooth is lost, the alveolar process begins to remodel. The vacant tooth socket collapses as it heals leaving an ...
... may refer to: The alveolar process, the ridge of bone that contains dental alveolus A dento-alveolar consonant, ... against the alveolar ridge and upper teeth This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Dento-alveolar. If ...
The gingiva covers the alveolar processes, the tooth-bearing arches of the jaws.: 1-5 Enamel is not a vital tissue, as it lacks ... 125-135 The alveolar process may be tender to palpation over the roots. The tooth may be raised in the socket and feel more ... Consequently, pathologic processes involving only enamel, such as shallow cavities or cracks, tend to be painless. Dentin ... The posterior, middle and anterior superior alveolar nerves are all closely associated with the lining of the sinus. The bone ...
Fielding, CG (1 March 2002). "Nutrient Canals of the Alveolar Process as an Anatomic Feature for Dental Identifications". ...
Riggs J (1876). "Suppurative inflammation of the gums and absorption of the gums and alveolar process". Penn J Dent Sci. 3: 99 ... Rather than a single disease entity, periodontal disease is a combination of multiple disease processes that share a common ... The disease consists of a chronic inflammation associated with loss of alveolar bone. Advanced disease features include pus and ... Features of the Advanced Lesion: Extension of the lesion into alveolar bone, periodontal ligament with significant bone loss ...
... and later expands posteriorly to fuse with the alveolar process of the maxilla. The boundary between the premaxilla and the ... Then a premaxillary process grow upwards to fuse with the frontal process of the maxilla; ... The medial processes become the septum, philtrum, and premaxilla. The first ossification centers in the area of the future ... A pair of symmetrical nasal placodes (thickenings in the epithelium) are each divided into medial and lateral processes by the ...
Alveolar macrophages are crucial in processing inhaled substances including cigarette chemicals and particulate matter. The ... The biochemical processes also lead to immunomodulation and dysregulated repair processes, so the malfunction of macrophages ... Alveolar macrophages will be excessively recruited onto the airway wall, leading to a narrower airway for oxygen to pass ... Its inhibitory effect on NF-κB also induces apoptosis of alveolar macrophage. Prolonged exposure to CSE hence leads to M2 ...
It is composed of a corpus, frontal process, zygomatic process, palatal process, and alveolar process. The corpus is long, ... The ascending process of the premaxilla dorsally overlaps the nasal. The anterior of the ascending process has a small opening ... The upper teeth of Galesaurus are located on the alveolar ridges of the premaxilla and maxilla. Palatal teeth are absent in ...
Whole mandible length measures 36 mm and alveolar processes are from 21.4 to 22 mm. In a half of mandible three incisors, one ...
... it may extend into the zygomatic process and alveolar process of the maxilla. Extension into the maxillary alveolar process may ... It has three recesses: an alveolar recess pointed inferiorly, bounded by the alveolar process of the maxilla; a zygomatic ... On the posterior wall are the alveolar canals, transmitting the posterior superior alveolar vessels and nerves to the molar ... The floor is formed by the alveolar process, and, if the sinus is of an average size, is on a level with the floor of the nose ...
The injury involves her cheek, left maxillary sinus, alveolar process, and part of her jaw; it shows no evidence of healing. ... It was possibly used as a route to remove the viscera during the mummification process and is a possible example of perineal ...
This type of fracture involves the alveolus, also termed the alveolar process of the mandible. Condylar fractures are ... Because the coronoid process of the mandible lies deep to many structures, including the zygomatic complex (ZMC), it is rare to ... Isolated fractures of the coronoid process should be viewed with suspicion and fracture of the ZMC should be ruled out. Ramus ... Vanhove, F.; Dom, M.; Wackens, G. (1997). "Fracture of the coronoid process: Report of a case". Acta Stomatologica Belgica. 94 ...
It was separated from the alveolar process (where the teeth are contained) by a wide groove. The mandibular condyle (which ... The postorbital processes behind the orbit on the parietal bone were very long, and the parietal ridges extended from the hind ... The palatal processes of the maxilla formed most of the palate. The major palatine foramina had shallow grooves extending ... The coronoid process of the mandible appears to have been relatively longer and narrower than in other djadochtatherioids. ...
Historically, the alveolar plosives and fricatives have fused with /j/, in a process referred to as yod coalescence. Words like ... In Norwegian and Swedish, this process occurs whenever the phoneme /ɾ/ is followed by an alveolar consonant. The articulation ... This process will continue for as long as there are more alveolar consonants, though when this amount exceeds four, people ... elides entirely when following alveolar consonants, in a process called yod dropping. The previous examples end up as /tuːn/ ...
A cadaveric study found the plexus to be situated in the alveolar process of the maxilla. The PSAN forms the posterior portion ... It is formed by the anterior superior alveolar nerve (ASAN), middle superior alveolar nerve (MSAN), and the posterior superior ... Murakami, G.; Ohtsuka, K.; Sato, I.; Moriyama, H.; Shimada, K.; Tomita, H. (March 1994). "The superior alveolar nerves: their ... "Palatal Injection does not Block the Superior Alveolar Nerve Trunks: Correcting an Error Regarding the Innervation of the ...
Palatine process shown in red. Inferior surface of maxilla. The bony palate and alveolar arch. Left maxilla. Nasal surface. ... In human anatomy of the mouth, the palatine process of maxilla (palatal process), is a thick, horizontal process of the maxilla ... Palatine process labeled at center.) Wikimedia Commons has media related to Palatine process of maxilla. Anatomy photo:22:os- ... Position of palatine process (shown in red). Maxilla. Palatine process shown in red. Inferior surface of maxilla. ...
Defining cranial traits of this genus include low, broad zygomatics, straight alveolar process and large maxillary sinus. ...
A study of the septa in the maxillary sinuses and the subantral alveolar processes in 30 patients. J Oral Implantol 2007;33:340 ...
The species name alveolatus refers to the pronounced development of the alveolar processes (pits) around the spines. Because of ...
By this process, liquids /l/ and /r/ are assimilated into the following alveolar (coronal) consonant: nur > nunnur ("contract ... However, processes triggered by affixes as well as adjacent words are not indicated in spelling. In order to inflect, derive, ... Some alveolar pairs produce an intervening vowel, represented as V below. Not all clusters are possible, and not all are ... This process sometimes results in vowel shortening within the incorporated noun. Any verbal suffixes, normally suffixed to the ...
It also has a unique alveolar (tooth socket) structure and a short anterior palatine process (upper mouth bone). Quinkana was ... The species has a narrower snout than Q. fortirostrum and a low alveolar ridge. Q. meboldi is also thought to be smaller than ... Although it exhibited alveolar similarities with Quinkana, the maxilla was determined to be divergent from Q. fortirostrum and ... combined with a wide but short snout and a short anterior palatine process (upper mouth bone). Quinkana also have a U-shaped ...
In bony fish, the maxilla is called the "upper maxilla," with the mandible being the "lower maxilla". The alveolar process of ... The pharyngeal jaws, so-called because they are positioned within the pharynx, are used to further process the food and move it ... In orbitostyly, the orbital process hinges with the orbital wall and the hyoid provides the majority of suspensory support. In ... In cichlids generally, the oral and pharyngeal teeth differ with different species in ways that allow them to process different ...
The alveolar process is also called the alveolar bone or alveolar ridge. The curved portion is referred to as the alveolar arch ... the alveolar process was missing from her charred maxilla. Superior area of the alveolar process on the mandible The alveolar ... the alveolar processes are covered by gums. How the roots of the teeth, gums, and alveolar bone are related Eroded alveolar ... may affect the development of the alveolar processes. This occurrence can prevent the alveolar processes of either the maxillae ...
define Alveolar Process. Explain Alveolar Process. What is Alveolar Process? Alveolar Process FAQ. ... Alveolar Process. Medical Dictionary -> Alveolar Process. Search: Alveolar Process. The thickest and spongiest part of the ...
Fractures of the alveolar process of the mandible are uncommon. Unfortunately, their treatment is often fraught with problems, ... Class IV fracture of the alveolar process - The alveolar process fracture shares one or more fracture lines with other ... the associated alveolar process undergoes atrophy. Cortical bone covers the exposed surface of the alveolar process and the ... the blow must be concentrated on a segment of the alveolar process; however, this is an uncommon event. Alveolar process ...
Different Stages of Alveolar Bone Repair Process Are Compromised in the Type 2 Diabetes Condition: An Experimental Study in ... FAPESPs process:. 16/25747-0 - Alveolar repair process evaluation in rats with type 2 diabetes, induced by high-fat diet and ... Different Stages of Alveolar Bone Repair Process Are Compromised in the Type 2 Diabetes Condition: An Experimental Study in ... Alveolar repair process evaluation in rats with type 2 diabetes, induced by high-f... ...
... during the development of this process. Some molecules are involved in several stages of the process of alveolar repair, for ... 3, in which the authors described a delay in the alveolar repair process of rats treated with zoledronic acid associated to the ... Chronologically, four fundamental stages can be considered in the evolution of the alveolar repair process 30,37: 1) exudative ... Some of these molecules involved in alveolar repair are MMPs 1,3. Specifically, MMPs 2 and 9 were related to the alveolar ...
Alveolar processes cutaway color.jpg 1,172 × 840; 585 KB. * Arbetsliv.jpg 3,799 × 2,618; 4.99 MB. ...
Alveoplasty (surgical improvement of the shape and condition of the alveolar process) ...
Oxidative-processes; Alveolar-cells; Respirable-dust; Toxic-materials; Airborne-dusts; Dust-analysis; Dust-collection; Dust- ... We have developed a lung cell model to explore the pathways of oxidative injury in lung alveolar macrophage (AM) cells exposed ...
In this process, the parasite can irreversibly damage the organs of the intermediate host, which can lead to death (1,8,9). A ... Kern P, Ammon A, Kron M, Sinn G, Sander S, Petersen LR, et al. Risk factors for alveolar echinococcosis in humans. Emerg Infect ... Domestic pets as risk factors for alveolar hydatid disease in Austria. Am J Epidemiol. 1998;147:978-81. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Human alveolar echinococcosis is a rare disease that can be caused by the parasite Echinococcus multilocularis (1,2). The ...
Categories: Alveolar Process Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted 3 ...
Caveolin-1 limits TGF-β-induced production of extracellular matrix proteins and restores the alveolar epithelial-repair process ... SP-A is secreted by type II pneumocytes, and the level of SP-A appears to be increased early after breakdown in the alveolar ... 23] These mutations in serum surfactant protein C may damage type II alveolar epithelial cells. [23] Additionally, a common ... Excess alveolar epithelial cell apoptosis and fibroblast resistance to apoptosis are also believed to contribute to ...
The raw area on the alveolar process is covered with a split-thickness skin graft that enhances the depth of the buccal sulcus. ... If the median section of the lip mucous membrane is lost, the lip retracts and adheres to the alveolar process. Adhesions of ... Then make an incision along the inner surface of the lip close to the alveolar processes. The buccal incision is extended ... This process occurs at joints, other synovial surfaces such as bursa and nerve sheaths, and the end of amputation stumps. This ...
Surfactant is produced by alveolar type II cells which can be differentiated in vitro from patient specific induced pluripotent ... Lung development is a complicated process that involves the specialization of multiple bronchiolar and alveolar epithelial ... SFTPB is a highly processed protein which starts off as a 42 kD pre-pro-SFTPB product then gets processed into a 23-25 kDa pro- ... Generation of alveolar epithelial spheroids via isolated progenitor cells from human pluripotent stem cells. Stem cell reports ...
Replacement process of carbonate apatite by alveolar bone in a rat extraction socket. Materials (Basel) 2021;14:4457.. * Cited ... This is in accordance with a recent study that assessed the replacement process of carbon apatite by alveolar bone in rat ... Changes in the alveolar ridge profile as a consequence of extraction of teeth, trauma, or periodontal disease may preclude ... a and b) Alveolar ridge at 6-month postoperative to lateral bone augmentation; (c) Mucoperiosteal flap reflection and ...
alveolar process fractures. *frontal sinus fracture. *isolated zygomatic arch fractures. *mandibular fracture ...
alveolar process fractures. *frontal sinus fracture. *isolated zygomatic arch fractures. *mandibular fracture ...
Understanding the aetiology of the eruption process is necessary for treating deviant eruption courses. ... Human eruption is a unique developmental process in the organism. The aetiology or the mechanism behind eruption has never been ... The studies [19-21] show that the two developmental processes, eruption and growth of the alveolar process, are processes that ... The process is accompanied by multiple tissue changes, such as resorption and apposition of the alveolar bone, and development ...
Huja SS, Fernandez SA, Hill KJ, Li Y (2006) Remodeling dynamics in the alveolar process in skeletally mature dogs. Anat Record ... Hu Y, Hu S, Wang W, Wu X, Marshall FB, Chen X, Hou L, Wang C (2014) Earliest evidence for commensal processes of cat ... 2019). These animals were brought into the cave in their entirety and butchered and processed in or near the cave. As a result ... There, (temporary) camps were built to process the prey. This is the case, for example, at the Moravian sites (Wilczyński et al ...
Distraction Osteogenesis for Height, Width or Repositioning of the Alveolar Process. 27. The Maxillary Sinus Lift. 28. ... Inferior Alveolar Nerve and Lingual Nerve Repair. 18. Odontogenic Infection. 19. Vestibuloplasty. Part III: Implant Surgery. 20 ...
This process results with a rapidly progressive and widespread alveolar damage with the occurrence of concomitant cytokine/ ... Article Processing Charges Pay an Invoice Open Access Policy Contact MDPI Jobs at MDPI ... The search for effective treatments for COVID-19 infection is a complex process and not all are recommended in the absence of ... Indeed, 83% of the cells expressing human ACE2 receptor are type II alveolar epithelial cells, which can serve as a reservoir ...
... model of diabetic periodontal disease diminishes the loss of alveolar bone while blocking the destructive inflammatory process ... Blockade of RAGE suppresses periodontitis-associated alveolar bone loss in diabetic mice. J Clin Invest 2000. 105:1117-1124. ... The former cells adhere to the surface and extend long processes, whereas the latter are rounded with little extension of ... The formation of intermolecular crosslinks by the same process (4) further increases the number of potential modification sites ...
Metastases of Alveolar Echinococcosis to the Skin, Pleura, Ribs, and the Xiphoid Process: A Case Report. Adem Karaman, Ömer ...
Alteration in the integrity of alveolar-capillary membrane normally affects gaseous exchange process in lungs[20]. ... alveolar injury motivate unusual responses which creates disturbance in wound healing process leads to accumulate excess of ... and peri-alveolar area and extreme reduction in alveolar spaces within lungs (fig. 5). Also, instillation of bleomycin (IT) ... lung including alveolar wall thickening, moderate to severe hemorrhage and collapsed alveolar space (fig. 5B). However, lung ...
Emphysema is a feature of severe COPD: in spite of the destructive process, alveolar wall thickening and focal fibrosis may be ... In asthma several of these structural alterations begin early in the disease process, even in the child. In COPD the changes ... The clinically observed distinctions between asthma and COPD are reflected by differences in the remodeling process, the ... The following synopsis defines and compares the key remodeling processes and proposes several hypotheses. ...
Alveolar Process 3. *. Alveolar Process/physiology 1. *«. *. 1 (current). *. 2 *. 3 *. 4 ...
Collagen fibers in alveolar septa (arrows) surrounded AECIIs in Pink1-/- mice. Scale bars: 500 nm. Data represent mean ± SEM (C ... Together, these data suggest that despite the autophagy process being induced in epithelial cells from IPF lungs, autophagy ... Activation of alveolar macrophages via the alternative pathway in herpes-virus-induced lung fibrosis. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol ... Epithelial Pten controls acute lung injury and fibrosis by regulating alveolar epithelial cell integrity. Am J Respir Crit Care ...
Systemic inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid arthritis break down skeletal bones including the delicate alveolar processes ... Dentures and dental implants are not anchored to gum tissues and living alveolar bone like your natural teeth. So they are not ... But even if you do everything right, some changes are inevitable with this complex aging process. Talk to your dentist sooner ... But your visual perception of their size compared to your facial features has changed because of natural aging processes. Some ...
Effect of force on alveolar bone surrounding miniscrew implants: a 3-dimensional microcomputed tomography study. - Texas A&M ... Effect of force on alveolar bone surrounding miniscrew implants: a 3-dimensional microcomputed tomography study. Academic ...
  • On the maxilla, the alveolar process is a ridge on the inferior surface, making up the thickest part of the bone. (
  • The alveolar arch of the maxilla is the inferior free margin of the alveolar process. (
  • Inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury is a serious complication during intraoral surgeries. (
  • Shavit I, Juodzbalys G. Inferior alveolar nerve injuries following implant placement - importance of early diagnosis and treatment: a systematic review. (
  • Zuniga JR. Sensory outcomes after reconstruction of lingual and inferior alveolar nerve discontinuities using processed nerve allograft-A case series. (
  • Iliac crest towards alveolar processes or mandibular inferior margin in mandibular reconstruction with a vascularized iliac bone flap: which is better? (
  • Common sites of extension include the tonsils, retromolar trigone, inferior or superior alveolar process, hard palate, and base of tongue. (
  • Healing of the ulcerated mucosa is usually delayed when the lesions overlie the maxillary or mandibular alveolar process. (
  • Although many differentiation protocols in the literature have been successful in mimicking lung development from stem cells, there has not been an examination of how a specific mutation impacts the differentiation process including its effects on the early endoderm, as well as the proximal and distal lung epithelial cell populations in the lung organoids. (
  • Broadly, inception of PF is considered as a cumulative effect of repetitive Alveolar Epithelial Cell (AEC) injury, abnormal wound healing, fibroblasts proliferation and subsequently their differentiation into myofibroblasts, which leads to accumulate voluminous Extracellular Matrix (ECM) within interstitial spaces and finally materialized as fibrosis[ 2 ]. (
  • We have developed a lung cell model to explore the pathways of oxidative injury in lung alveolar macrophage (AM) cells exposed to respirable grain dusts. (
  • Surfactant is produced by alveolar type II cells which can be differentiated in vitro from patient specific induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived lung organoids. (
  • Lung development is a complicated process that involves the specialization of multiple bronchiolar and alveolar epithelial populations. (
  • Alveolar type II (ATII) epithelial cells synthesize, secrete and recycle all components of surfactant and dysfunction in surfactant metabolism can result in a variety of pediatric lung diseases including respiratory distress syndrome and interstitial lung disease 3 . (
  • Four of the eight young diseases such as flock workers' lung, flavoring-related bronchiolitis obliterans, indium-related alveolar proteinosis, and asthma due to dampness in the built environment, shark cartilage, and a pesticide. (
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis (PF) is a continuous augmentative interstitial lung disease associated with poor prognosis and showing average survival span of around 2-3 y because of progressive restriction in lung function and alveolar spaces[ 1 ]. (
  • She has developed a novel method to study the process of alveolar development that can be used to investigate new therapies that may improve lung development or regeneration in newborns and adults. (
  • Emphysema is defined as enlargement of peripheral airspaces of the lung, including respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts, and alveoli, accompanied by destruction of the walls of these structures. (
  • Resident cells within the lung such as fibroblasts and alveolar type II cells may be induced by cigarette smoke to synthesize chemokines attracting and potentially activating inflammatory cells. (
  • The findings are published in mBio in an article titled, " A new tractable method for generating human alveolar macrophage-like cells in vitro to study lung inflammatory processes and diseases . (
  • Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are unique lung resident cells that contact airborne pathogens and environmental particulates," wrote the researchers. (
  • We developed cell culture conditions that mimic the lung alveolar environment in humans using lung lipids, that is, Infasurf (calfactant, natural bovine surfactant) and lung-associated cytokines (granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor, transforming growth factor-β, and interleukin 10) that facilitate the conversion of blood-obtained monocytes to an AM-like (AML) phenotype and function in tissue culture. (
  • The generated cells are 94% genetically similar to human alveolar macrophages collected from lung washes. (
  • I am excited to see the full potential of the alveolar macrophage-like cells and if they can be integrated into next-generation lung organoids," Schlesinger added. (
  • The bronchial epithelium appears more responsive to changes in oxygen levels and remodelling processes compared to the alveoli, suggesting that hypoxia may be a driver of pathogenesis in chronic lung disorders. (
  • Interstitial lung diseases such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) are caused by persistent micro-injuries to alveolar epithelial tissues accompanied by aberrant repair processes. (
  • The alveolar process (/ælˈviːələr, ˌælviˈoʊlər, ˈælviələr/) or alveolar bone is the thickened ridge of bone that contains the tooth sockets on the jaw bones (in humans, the maxilla and the mandible). (
  • This occurrence can prevent the alveolar processes of either the maxillae or the mandible from developing. (
  • Fractures of the alveolar process of the mandible are uncommon. (
  • Class III fractures, however, typically offer the most challenges, likely because the encompassing portion of the mandible is intact, and to reduce the displaced segment of the alveolar process one must overcome the resistance produced by the interaction of the small irregularities of the bony surfaces. (
  • Paired palatine processes meet at midline to form anterior 2/3 of hard palate, bounded by dental arch of maxilla 2. (
  • Alveolar bone loss is closely associated with periodontal disease. (
  • A combination of calcium phosphate-based mineral with carbon apatite structure and type 1 collagen derived from bovine Achilles tendon has been introduced for augmentation of alveolar ridge and periodontal defects. (
  • Changes in the alveolar ridge profile as a consequence of extraction of teeth, trauma, or periodontal disease may preclude dental implant placement due to insufficient bone. (
  • In animal tissue it is possible to perform cross-sectional studies on the eruption process with the surrounding periodontal membrane and bone, both histologically and immunohistochemically. (
  • The aim of the present study is to therefore highlight how the healing process of the most common periodontal and dental implant procedures should be managed and which signs and symptoms more commonly occur after surgery. (
  • The synonymous terms alveolar ridge and alveolar margin are also sometimes used more specifically to refer to the ridges on the inside of the mouth which can be felt with the tongue, either on roof of the mouth between the upper teeth and the hard palate or on the bottom of the mouth behind the lower teeth. (
  • The alveolar process is also called the alveolar bone or alveolar ridge. (
  • The aim of present case report was to investigate if synthetic mineral collagen composite bone graft (CBG) with ribose cross-linked collagen membrane (RCLM) may be successfully used to obtain lateral augmentation of alveolar ridge that is planned for dental implant placement. (
  • 4 , 5 ] The present study consists of a case report aimed at investigating the effect of composite bone graft (CBG) with ribose cross-linked collagen membrane (RCLM) in lateral augmentation of alveolar ridge that is planned for dental implant placement. (
  • Through postoperative and follow-up radiologic images, the height of the interdental bone septum was classified into four types based on the highest point of alveolar ridge. (
  • The new TUM process, known as RapidNAM uses a semi-automated approach with automated detection of the alveolar ridge (upper and lower jaw ridges). (
  • Bone is lost through the process of resorption which involves osteoclasts breaking down the hard tissue of bone. (
  • Microscopically the process of bone repair was similar in all groups, being noted only a delay of the blood clot resorption and bone formation in the group of 50 ppm F. The expression for MMP-9 showed differences betweengroups only during the initial repair (7 days). (
  • Further studies are needed to establish the relationship between the initial process of resorption of the blood clot, and the involvement of MMPs 2 and 9 and its regulators/tissue inhibitors. (
  • They concluded in their study [ 1 ] that resorption and alveolar bone formation occurring around an erupting tooth are regulated by adjacent parts after the dental follicle. (
  • Accordingly, several experimental studies have been performed that show how the follicle functions in the resorption process that is invoked in the bone tissue during eruption. (
  • 7 This is caused by fusion of the tooth dentin or cementum with the alveolar bone. (
  • If appropriate to the size of the recipient site, the chin bone is a useful graft material in alveolar cleft, as is the iliac bone. (
  • The term alveolar (/ælˈviːələr/) ('hollow') refers to the cavities of the tooth sockets, known as dental alveoli. (
  • In a process called diffusion, oxygen moves from the alveoli to the blood through the capillaries (tiny blood vessels) lining the alveolar walls. (
  • Alveolar abnormalities are changes in the tiny air sacs in the lungs, called alveoli. (
  • The ideal bone graft material for alveolar cleft reconstruction is still controversial. (
  • In COPD, there is epithelial mucous metaplasia, airway wall fibrosis, and inflammation associated with loss of surrounding alveolar attachments to the outer wall of small airways: bronchiolar smooth muscle is increased also. (
  • The alveolar bone proper, also called bundle bone, directly surrounds the teeth. (
  • The term alveolar crest describes the extreme rim of the bone nearest to the crowns of the teeth. (
  • The portion of alveolar bone between two adjacent teeth is known as the interdental septum (or interdental bone). (
  • The alveolar crest terminates uniformly at about the neck of the teeth (within about 1 to 2 mm in a healthy specimen). (
  • The alveolar process proper encases the tooth sockets, and contains a lining of compact bone around the roots of the teeth, called the lamina dura. (
  • The alveolar structure is a dynamic tissue which provides the jawbone with some degree of flexibility and resilience for the embedded teeth as they encounter numerous multi-directional forces. (
  • Periapical dental radiographs are often helpful in providing precise information about the status of teeth within a fractured segment of the alveolar process. (
  • Chronic inflammation - Systemic inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid arthritis break down skeletal bones including the delicate alveolar processes that house teeth. (
  • In addition, local irritants such as fractured or malposed teeth and ill-fitting dentures may cause mucosal ulcers of the buccal mucosa, the lateral and ventral surfaces of the tongue, and the alveolar mucosa overlying the osseous structures. (
  • Alveolar process: maxillary teeth sockets Palatine 1. (
  • The oral vestibule is bounded externally by the lips and the cheek mucosa and internally by the alveolar processes and the teeth . (
  • Reduction and immobilization of the fracture is mandated for alveolar process fractures. (
  • Clark's classes of alveolar fractures are depicted below. (
  • The various classes of alveolar fractures (per Clark). (
  • 4) remodeling stage, characterized by the substitution process of replacement of primary by secondary bone tissue (21 days after tooth extraction, in alveolus of rats) 1 . (
  • Beyond mapping the cellular and transcriptional process at single-cell resolution, Dr. Brownfield's lab hopes to identify key regulators of specification and patterning of the critical components that comprise the alveolus. (
  • Cleft alveolus is a condition in which there is a break in the continuity of the alveolar process. (
  • Cleft alveolus is the anomaly resulting from the lack of fusion between the medial nasal process and the maxillary process, and it is usually associated with a cleft lip or palate or both [ 1 ]. (
  • Thus, the alveolar bone graft is still mainly applied for the treatment of cleft alveolus. (
  • Dental sockets provide a pathway of invasion to the alveolar process of the maxillary bone and into the maxillary sinus. (
  • In the intermediate hosts, larval E. multilocularis stages (metacestodes) usually grow in the liver, where they cause alveolar echinococcosis and travel with the blood or lymph to other organs, behaving similarly to malignant tumors. (
  • Using single-cell transcriptomics, genetically engineered mouse models and 3D organotypic culture, the Brownfield lab studies processes that underlie alveolar construction, beginning with one critical for first breath: fate specification of the two alveolar epithelial types (AT), the flat AT1 cells that provide the surface of gas exchange and the cuboidal AT2 cells that secrete surfactants preventing alveolar collapse. (
  • The cortical bone consists of plates on the facial and lingual surfaces of the alveolar bone. (
  • The scientific evidence presented in this study shows that T2D prolongs the local inflammatory process, which impairs the organization and maturation of collagen fibers, delaying bone formation and bone turnover. (
  • The clinically observed distinctions between asthma and COPD are reflected by differences in the remodeling process, the patterns of inflammatory cells and cytokines, and also the predominant anatomic site at which these alterations occur. (
  • Emphysema is a feature of severe COPD: in spite of the destructive process, alveolar wall thickening and focal fibrosis may be detected. (
  • Different Stages of Alveolar Bone Repair Process A. (
  • The aim of this study was to analyze the stages of the alveolar bone repair in type 2 diabetic rats evaluating the mechanism of mineralization and bone remodeling processes after dental extraction. (
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate comparatively the effect of fluoride (F) on the activity of matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 (MMP-2 and MMP-9) involved in process of alveolar bone repair. (
  • Ours results suggest an effect of fluoride on the activity of MMPs 2 and 9 at the initial period of alveolar repair which could be associated to the process of blood clot remission and delay in bone repair. (
  • The process of bone repair is an event finely regulated and characterized by different phases with predominance of specific cellular types, aiming at the formation of tissue in the affected area. (
  • Among the different study models of bone repair, the model of bone repair in tooth socket has been very adequate because it enables a chronological evaluation of the repair process, detailing the main cellular events at each stage 31 . (
  • Tissues are complex combinations of cells and microenvironmental proteins arranged in a stereotyped architecture to perform critical physiologic processes. (
  • As a result, a problem can occur, such as oral fluid outflow through the nose, nasal secretions entering the mouth, tooth eruption at the rupture site, and alveolar collapse. (
  • The curved portion is referred to as the alveolar arch. (
  • Through the alveolar bone graft, the aforementioned problems can be solved with intact maxillary arch formation, stabilization of the bone, and the improvement of the face by a proper bone support of the nose and lips [ 6 - 9 ]. (
  • We evaluated and compared the outcomes of different ossification processes in patients with alveolar cleft in whom correction was performed using endochondral bone graft or intramembranous bone graft. (
  • The outcomes of alveolar bone grafting were not significantly different according to the type of bone graft. (
  • To understand the various mechanisms driving disease, it is important to have a good model system in vitro that can recapitulate the in vivo disease process. (
  • Considering from the initial stage of blood clot formation to the last stage of newly-formed bone tissue remodeling, several cells and signaling molecules are involved which regulate (and are also regulated) during the development of this process. (
  • Infection of iPSCs with lentiviral inserts is a highly efficient process since stem cells grow quickly, remain undifferentiated in specific cell culture conditions and can establish fully infected clones within 2-3 passages. (
  • Discussion: In conclusion, our data indicate that bronchial and alveolar epithelial cells respond differently to hypoxia and profibrotic stimuli. (
  • All studies on tooth eruption conclude that the eruption process or the mechanism behind eruption is not fully understood. (
  • The animals were submitted to dental extraction to perform analyzes at different stages of the alveolar bone. (
  • Some molecules are involved in several stages of the process of alveolar repair, for example matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) 2 , among others. (
  • Meanwhile, the eruption process has been studied longitudinally in extensive studies in humans with focus on both normal and pathological conditions. (
  • Cite this: Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage - Medscape - Apr 01, 2011. (
  • The absence of hemoptysis does not exclude a diagnosis of alveolar hemorrhage. (
  • Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a life-threatening condition which refers to hemorrhage originating in the pulmonary microvasculature, rather than from the bronchial circulation or parenchymal abnormalities. (
  • In large epidemiologic studies, diabetes has been shown to significantly increase the risk of attachment loss and alveolar bone loss approximately threefold when compared to nondiabetic control subjects. (
  • Behind the optic foramen the anterior clinoid process is directed backward and medialward and gives attachment to the tentorium cerebelli. (
  • The developmental disturbance of anodontia (or hypodontia, if only one tooth), in which tooth germs are congenitally absent, may affect the development of the alveolar processes. (
  • Studies in France, Austria, and Alaska (USA), suggest that dog ownership is one of the most significant risk factors for infection with E. multilocularis and development of alveolar echinococcosis ( 11 - 13 ). (
  • Human alveolar echinococcosis is caused by the parasite Echinococcus multilocularis , and dog ownership has been identified as a risk factor. (
  • Human alveolar echinococcosis is a rare disease that can be caused by the parasite Echinococcus multilocularis ( 1 , 2 ). (
  • Risk factors for human alveolar echinococcosis have so far been incompletely investigated. (
  • Human eruption is a unique developmental process in the organism. (
  • Researchers at Texas Biomedical Research Institute report they have created a new cell culture model for human alveolar macrophages in the lab. (
  • Human alveolar macrophages have been challenging to study because they reside deep in the lungs and are hard to access. (
  • The alveolar (gas exchange) region of human lungs. (
  • Surfactant is added along with three different cytokine proteins, which are usually found in the alveolar lining fluid. (
  • In a study conducted at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) , scientists have used 3D printing and semi-automated workflow to improve the process of nasoalveolar molding (NAM), a medical procedure used to help children with birth defects that affect their upper mouth/lip. (
  • The focus of this study was the clearance and retention of poorly soluble particles in the alveolar (gas exchange) region of the lungs. (
  • Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a life-threatening disorder characterized clinically by the presence of hemoptysis, falling hematocrit, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates and hypoxemic respiratory failure. (
  • Effect of force on alveolar bone surrounding miniscrew implants: a 3-dimensional microcomputed tomography study. (
  • The remaining alveolar bone (33%) is organic material, consisting of 28% collagen (mostly type I) and 5% non-collagenous protein. (
  • After surgical repair of the cleft lip or cleft palate, the oronasal fistula should be closed and the continuity of the alveolar bone restored. (
  • It will be demonstrated that several anatomic features of the alveolar process influence the amount of post-extraction bone loss. (
  • Various types of autogenous bone may be used as grafting materials in alveolar cleft [ 12 ]. (