Aluminum Hydroxide: A compound with many biomedical applications: as a gastric antacid, an antiperspirant, in dentifrices, as an emulsifier, as an adjuvant in bacterins and vaccines, in water purification, etc.Calcium Hydroxide: A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.Hydroxides: Inorganic compounds that contain the OH- group.Aluminum Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain aluminum as an integral part of the molecule.Magnesium Hydroxide: An inorganic compound that occurs in nature as the mineral brucite. It acts as an antacid with cathartic effects.Adjuvants, Immunologic: Substances that augment, stimulate, activate, potentiate, or modulate the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. The classical agents (Freund's adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum, et al.) contain bacterial antigens. Some are endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Their mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a wide variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, i.e., affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. The therapeutic efficacy of many biological response modifiers is related to their antigen-specific immunoadjuvanticity.Alum Compounds: Aluminum metal sulfate compounds used medically as astringents and for many industrial purposes. They are used in veterinary medicine for the treatment of ulcerative stomatitis, leukorrhea, conjunctivitis, pharyngitis, metritis, and minor wounds.Sodium Hydroxide: A highly caustic substance that is used to neutralize acids and make sodium salts. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Antacids: Substances that counteract or neutralize acidity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Calcium Carbonate: Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.Aluminum: A metallic element that has the atomic number 13, atomic symbol Al, and atomic weight 26.98.Ammonium Hydroxide: The hydroxy salt of ammonium ion. It is formed when AMMONIA reacts with water molecules in solution.Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic: Agents that aid or increase the action of the principle drug (DRUG SYNERGISM) or that affect the absorption, mechanism of action, metabolism, or excretion of the primary drug (PHARMACOKINETICS) in such a way as to enhance its effects.Dihydrotachysterol: A VITAMIN D that can be regarded as a reduction product of vitamin D2.Sucralfate: A basic aluminum complex of sulfated sucrose.Propantheline: A muscarinic antagonist used as an antispasmodic, in rhinitis, in urinary incontinence, and in the treatment of ulcers. At high doses it has nicotinic effects resulting in neuromuscular blocking.Aluminum Oxide: An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.Ovalbumin: An albumin obtained from the white of eggs. It is a member of the serpin superfamily.Phosphates: Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.Freund's Adjuvant: An antigen solution emulsified in mineral oil. The complete form is made up of killed, dried mycobacteria, usually M. tuberculosis, suspended in the oil phase. It is effective in stimulating cell-mediated immunity (IMMUNITY, CELLULAR) and potentiates the production of certain IMMUNOGLOBULINS in some animals. The incomplete form does not contain mycobacteria.Anthrax Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent ANTHRAX.Bacterial Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed bacteria administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious bacterial disease.Immunization: Deliberate stimulation of the host's immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).Enoxacin: A broad-spectrum 6-fluoronaphthyridinone antibacterial agent that is structurally related to NALIDIXIC ACID.Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis: An evanescent cutaneous reaction occurring when antibody is injected into a local area on the skin and antigen is subsequently injected intravenously along with a dye. The dye makes the rapidly occurring capillary dilatation and increased vascular permeability readily visible by leakage into the reaction site. PCA is a sensitive reaction for detecting very small quantities of antibodies and is also a method for studying the mechanisms of immediate hypersensitivity.Vaccines, Synthetic: Small synthetic peptides that mimic surface antigens of pathogens and are immunogenic, or vaccines manufactured with the aid of recombinant DNA techniques. The latter vaccines may also be whole viruses whose nucleic acids have been modified.Adsorption: The adhesion of gases, liquids, or dissolved solids onto a surface. It includes adsorptive phenomena of bacteria and viruses onto surfaces as well. ABSORPTION into the substance may follow but not necessarily.Mice, Inbred BALB CAntibody Formation: The production of ANTIBODIES by proliferating and differentiated B-LYMPHOCYTES under stimulation by ANTIGENS.Vaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.Root Canal Irrigants: Chemicals used mainly to disinfect root canals after pulpectomy and before obturation. The major ones are camphorated monochlorophenol, EDTA, formocresol, hydrogen peroxide, metacresylacetate, and sodium hypochlorite. Root canal irrigants include also rinsing solutions of distilled water, sodium chloride, etc.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Immunoglobulin E: An immunoglobulin associated with MAST CELLS. Overexpression has been associated with allergic hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).Tetanus ToxoidAbsorption: The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.Injections, Subcutaneous: Forceful administration under the skin of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the skin.Biological Availability: The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.Malaria Vaccines: Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.Buffers: A chemical system that functions to control the levels of specific ions in solution. When the level of hydrogen ion in solution is controlled the system is called a pH buffer.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Energy Transfer: The transfer of energy of a given form among different scales of motion. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed). It includes the transfer of kinetic energy and the transfer of chemical energy. The transfer of chemical energy from one molecule to another depends on proximity of molecules so it is often used as in techniques to measure distance such as the use of FORSTER RESONANCE ENERGY TRANSFER.Medical Secretaries: Individuals responsible for various duties pertaining to the medical office routine.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Caustics: Strong alkaline chemicals that destroy soft body tissues resulting in a deep, penetrating type of burn, in contrast to corrosives, that result in a more superficial type of damage via chemical means or inflammation. Caustics are usually hydroxides of light metals. SODIUM HYDROXIDE and potassium hydroxide are the most widely used caustic agents in industry. Medically, they have been used externally to remove diseased or dead tissues and destroy warts and small tumors. The accidental ingestion of products (household and industrial) containing caustic ingredients results in thousands of injuries per year.Burns, ChemicalLye: Generally speaking, it is the alkaline substance obtained from wood ashes by percolation. Preparations of lye can be solutions of either potassium or sodium hydroxide. The term lye, is also used to refer to the household product which is a mixture of sodium hydroxide and sodium carbonate.Alkalies: Usually a hydroxide of lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium or cesium, but also the carbonates of these metals, ammonia, and the amines. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Receptors, Purinergic P2X1: A purinergic P2X neurotransmitter receptor found at sympathetically innervated SMOOTH MUSCLE. It may play a functional role regulating the juxtoglomerular apparatus of the KIDNEY.Product Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.

Induction of atherosclerosis in Brown Norway rats by immunization with ovalbumin. (1/301)

A study was carried out to establish an animal model that would be suitable for evaluating the role of the diet in immune cell-mediated atherogenesis. Brown Norway rats were initially treated with hypervitamin D2 for 4 days and then fed on an atherogenic diet for 3 months, during which period the rats were either immunized with ovalubumin plus Al(OH)3 (OVA group) or with Al(OH)3 alone (control group) every 3 weeks. Aortic lesions were mainly composed of foam cells, the lesions evaluated by the intimal thickness of the ascending aorta being more severe in the OVA group than in the control group. The OVA group, in comparison with the control group, showed prominently increased serum levels of OVA-specific IgG and rat chymase, an indicator of mast cell degranulation. The intimal thickness was positively correlated with the level of chymase. Immunization had no effect on the serum lipid levels. These results support the hypothesis that mast cells play a role in the early stage of atherosclerosis and suggest that this animal model could be useful for evaluating the role of the diet in immune-related atherogenesis.  (+info)

Pharmacokinetics of gatifloxacin and interaction with an antacid containing aluminum and magnesium. (2/301)

The pharmacokinetics of gatifloxacin (400 mg orally) and the influence of the antacid aluminum magnesium hydroxide (20 ml of Maalox 70) on the bioavailability of gatifloxacin in 24 healthy volunteers were assessed. In an open, randomized, six-period crossover study, the volunteers received either gatifloxacin alone (treatments A and D); aluminum magnesium hydroxide concomitant with gatifloxacin (treatment C); or aluminum magnesium hydroxide 2 h before (treatment B), 2 h after (treatment E), or 4 h after gatifloxacin administration (treatment F). Gatifloxacin concentrations were measured by a validated bioassay and high-performance liquid chromatography. Pharmacokinetics of a single 400-mg dose of gatifloxacin alone were characterized as follows (mean +/- standard deviation): peak concentration (Cmax), 3.8 +/- 0. 5 (treatment A) and 3.4 +/- 0.9 (treatment D) microgram/ml; time to Cmax, 1.4 +/- 0.8 (treatment A) and 1.7 +/- 0.7 (treatment D) h; area under the curve from time zero to infinity (AUC0-infinity), 33. 5 +/- 5.9 (treatment A) and 31.4 +/- 3.4 (treatment D) microgram. h/ml; urine recovery, (83 +/- 6)% (treatment A) and (84 +/- 8)% (treatment D). Comparison of the results obtained by bioassay showed a good correlation. Aluminum magnesium hydroxide administration 2 h before (treatment B) or concomitant with (treatment C) gatifloxacin decreased the Cmax by 45% (2.1 +/- 1.2 microgram/ml) or even 68% (1.2 +/- 0.4 microgram/ml) highly significantly (P < 0.01). AUC0-infinity was significantly reduced from 33.5 +/- 5.9 to 19.4 +/- 6.9 microgram. h/ml (by 42%) or even to 11.9 +/- 3.3 microgram. h/ml (by 64%) (P < 0. 01). If aluminum magnesium hydroxide was given 2 h after gatifloxacin (treatment E), there was no significant reduction of concentration in serum but AUC0-infinity was significantly reduced from 31.4 +/- 3.4 to 25.9 +/- 5.3 microgram. h/ml (18%) (P < 0.01). Aluminum magnesium hydroxide given 4 h after gatifloxacin (treatment F) showed no influence on the gatifloxacin pharmacokinetics. Therefore, the optimal time between gatifloxacin application and the intake of an aluminum-containing antacid should be 4 h.  (+info)

Clinical and immune responses in resected colon cancer patients treated with anti-idiotype monoclonal antibody vaccine that mimics the carcinoembryonic antigen. (3/301)

PURPOSE: We generated an anti-idiotype antibody, designated CeaVac, that is an internal image of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). We previously demonstrated that the majority of patients with advanced colorectal cancer generate specific anti-CEA responses. The purpose of the current study was to treat patients with surgically resected colon cancer with CeaVac to determine the immune response and clinical outcome to treatment with vaccine. We also compared the immune responses between patients treated with fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy regimens plus vaccine versus vaccine alone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with resected Dukes' B, C, and D, and incompletely resected Dukes' D disease were treated with 2 mg of CeaVac every other week for four injections and then monthly until tumor recurrence or progression. Fourteen patients were treated concurrently with 5-FU chemotherapy regimens. RESULTS: All 32 patients entered onto this trial generated high-titer immunoglobulin G and T-cell proliferative immune responses against CEA. The 5-FU regimens did not have a qualitative or quantitative effect on the immune response. Three of 15 patients with Dukes' B and C disease progressed at 19, 24, and 35 months. Seven of eight patients with completely resected Dukes' D disease remained on study from 12 to 33 months; one patient with resected Dukes' D disease relapsed at 9 months. One patient with incompletely resected Dukes' D disease remained on study at 14 months without evidence of progression; eight experienced disease progression at 6 to 31 months. CONCLUSION: CeaVac consistently generated a potent anti-CEA humoral and cellular immune response in all 32 patients entered onto this trial. A number of very high-risk patients continue on study. 5-FU regimens, which are the standard of care for patients with Dukes' C disease, did not affect the immune response. These data warrant a phase III trial for patients with resected colon cancer.  (+info)

Large subcutaneous calcification in systemic lupus erythematosus: treatment with oral aluminum hydroxide administration followed by surgical excision. (4/301)

A 32-year-old woman with a long-standing systemic lupus erythematosus had multiple subcutaneous nodules on her axillae, iliac crests and limbs. Three years ago, these nodules began to appear and slowly became larger. Some of them amassed to form a large, fungating, lobulated mass on her right iliac crest. Roentgenographic and histological examination showed that they were calcium deposits. She was initially treated with aluminum hydroxide administration for nine months, which resulted in moderate decrease in size and softening in consistency, but not complete resolution. Then, the mass on the right iliac crest was excised, with an excellent early result.  (+info)

Repeated antigen inhalations alter chemical mediators that cause asthmatic obstruction in guinea pigs. (5/301)

The contributions of histamine, cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) to the asthmatic responses and the magnitudes of blood and lung eosinophilia at acute and chronic stages of our asthmatic model were comparatively determined. Guinea pigs were alternately sensitized/challenged by inhalation with ovalbumin+Al(OH)3 and ovalbumin, once every 2 weeks. Effects of mepyramine, pranlukast (a CysLT antagonist) and seratrodast (a TXA2 antagonist) on the early (EAR) and/or the late asthmatic response (LAR) were assessed at the second and fourth antigen challenges. The second challenge caused EAR but not LAR. Although the EAR was decreased at the fourth challenge, a substantial LAR was seen. Both mepyramine and seratrodast inhibited the EAR at the second challenge by approximately 50%. However, at the fourth challenge, these drugs did not inhibit the EAR. The LAR at the fourth challenge was attenuated by pranlukast and seratrodast by 45% and 40%, respectively. Both the blood and lung eosinophilia were modestly and markedly induced 5 h after the second and fourth challenges, respectively. These results strongly suggest that repetition of antigen challenge induces quantitative alterations of chemical mediators participating in the asthmatic responses and a change of the body state under which eosinophils exhibit enhanced migratory activities.  (+info)

Aluminium hydroxide adjuvant initiates strong antigen-specific Th2 responses in the absence of IL-4- or IL-13-mediated signaling. (6/301)

Previous studies demonstrate that aluminium hydroxide adjuvant (alum) produces increased Th1 responses in IL-4-deficient mice compared with wild-type animals, although the continued production of IL-5 by spleen cells from these mice also indicates that Th2 responses are induced. In the present study, we demonstrate that alum can induce Th2-associated IL-4 and IL-5 production in the absence of IL-4 signaling in mice deficient in either IL-4Ralpha or Stat6. The Th2 responses observed could not be due to IL-13 as IL-13 responses are also impaired in IL-4Ralpha- and Stat6-deficient mice. We also detected higher levels of IL-4 in IL-4Ralpha gene-deficient, though not Stat6-deficient, mice compared with their wild-type counterparts. The increased levels of IL-4 could be explained by the IL-4R being unavailable to neutralize this cytokine in IL-4Ralpha-deficient mice. While levels of IL-5 production in IL-4Ralpha- or Stat6-deficient mice were similar to IL-4-deficient and wild-type mice, other type 2-associated responses, which are largely or wholly IL-4 dependent, such as the production of IgG1 or IgE Abs, were either reduced or absent. We conclude that alum adjuvants can induce IL-4 production and Th2 responses independently of IL-4 or IL-13, negating the requirement for an early source of IL-4 in the Th2 response induced by this adjuvant.  (+info)

Onset of action during on-demand treatment with maalox suspension or low-dose ranitidine for heartburn. (7/301)

AIM: To compare the onset of action of the local antacid Maalox and the systemic H2-antagonist ranitidine, during 'on demand' ambulant treatment of a single heartburn episode, using a randomized, parallel group, double-blind, double-dummy design. METHODS: Subjects with self-perceived heartburn without known gastrointestinal disease or interfering treatments were selected with questionnaires. The study was performed unsupervised, whenever heartburn required medication. An electronic patient diary gave instructions when to take study medication, and provided visual analogue scales and five-item relief ratings for heartburn, at frequent time intervals activated by an alarm-clock. RESULTS: After a study of the natural history of heartburn and the feasibility of the study procedures in 23 patients, 49 subjects took Maalox and 45 ranitidine. Half of these experienced meaningful heartburn relief within 19 min after Maalox, and within 70 min after ranitidine. One hour after intake, the average heartburn relief score was 3.43 in the Maalox group and 3.04 in the ranitidine group (3 means 'slight improvement' and 4 'strong improvement'). Heartburn was similar in both groups after 3 h. CONCLUSIONS: Maalox provides faster relief of heartburn than ranitidine. Heartburn can be assessed frequently and reliably under ambulant conditions using an electronic patient diary.  (+info)

A new, surface-antigen-adsorbed influenza virus vaccine. I. Studies on immunogenicity in hamsters. (8/301)

The ability of a new, surface-antigen-adsorbed influenza virus vaccine to induce serum antibody in hamsters, and to protect these hamsters against subsequent homologous virus challenge, is reported. In addition, similar studies in hamsters have also been carried out using the surface antigen material prior to adsorption to the aluminium hydroxide carrier. The new, adsorbed vaccine is at least as effective as inactivated saline influenza virus vaccine in inducing serum antibody and protection in hamsters; the unadsorbed surface antigen material, however, did not confer protection to hamsters challenged subsequently with homologous virus.  (+info)

Looking for online definition of aluminum hydroxide gel in the Medical Dictionary? aluminum hydroxide gel explanation free. What is aluminum hydroxide gel? Meaning of aluminum hydroxide gel medical term. What does aluminum hydroxide gel mean?
Dried aluminium hydroxide gel is also known as aluminium hydroxide gel, which is currently available as a generic drug and over the counter product in the various distribution channel. Citrate enriched food intake must be prevented while consuming aluminium hydroxide gel as it promotes excessive absorption of aluminium which is fatally toxic.. An antacid is presently reigning the clinical application segment for dried aluminium hydroxide gels market. The drug is a popular acid-neutralizing agent which is used in combination with other chemical moieties such as magnesium hydroxide and dimethicone for neutralizing excess hydrochloric acid present in the stomach environment. The dosage as an antacid for oral intake is liquid 320mg/5ml is 5 to 15 ml after every 6 hours. Hyperphosphatemia is expected to grow at a rampant pace owing to the growing incidence of hyperphosphatemia in patients suffering from chronic kidney diseases. The serum level of phosphorus is greater than 7mg/dl then use dried ...
VIENCEE PHARMA SCIENCE - Exporter, Manufacturer, Distributor, Supplier, Trading Company of Dried Aluminium Hydroxide Gel, Magnesium Hydroxide and Simethicone Suspension based in Chennai, India
Disclosed is a method of producing a functionalized layer and an aluminum hydroxide layer on an aluminum substrate, the aluminum hydroxide layer located between the substrate and the functionalized layer. The method comprises the steps of subjecting an aluminum substrate to a hydrothermal treatment in an aqueous solution having a pH in the range of 2 to 14 to form a layer of aluminum hydroxide on said substrate and thereafter treating said aluminum substrate with a phosphorus-containing acid selected from phosphonic and phosphonic acid to form a functionalized layer on said aluminum hydroxide layer, the functionalized layer comprised of the reaction product of said acid and the layer of aluminum hydroxide.
Business Directory for Aluminium Hydroxide Suppliers in Bhavnagar - Get contact details of Aluminium Hydroxide Manufacturers, Wholesale Aluminium Hydroxide Exporters, Best Aluminium Hydroxide Traders & Distributors Across the Bhavnagar.
Product list of China Halogen Free Aluminum Hydroxide, show the variety of China products related to Halogen Free Aluminum Hydroxide; You can choose the right product of China Halogen Free Aluminum Hydroxide on this list.
China Market Price Aluminum Hydroxide, Find details about China Aluminum Hydroxide, Alumina Trihydrate from Market Price Aluminum Hydroxide - Lanzhou Qianmiaonuo Trading Co., Ltd.
Find patient medical information for Aluminum Hydroxide Gel Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings.
This is a double-blind, randomized, controlled, dose-ranging, Phase I-II study in healthy ambulatory elderly adults. The primary objectives are to: determine the dose-related safety of subvirion-inactivated H5N1 vaccine adjuvanted with aluminum hydroxide in healthy elderly adults (65 years of age and older); determine the potential for aluminum hydroxide to enhance the immune response to subvirion inactivated H5N1 vaccine in healthy elderly adults approximately 1 month following receipt of 2 doses of vaccine; and provide information for the selection of the best dosage level for further studies. A secondary objective is to evaluate dose-related immunogenicity and the percent of subjects responding approximately 1 and 7 months after the first vaccination. Approximately 600 elderly subjects are planned for enrollment. Subjects will be screened for health status by history and targeted physical examination. Subjects who meet the entry criteria for the study will be randomized into 8 groups to ...
Aluminum Hydroxide Capsule may be prescribed for Cats with Ulcers. Aluminum Hydroxide preparation information is provided by Wedgewood Pharmacy.
Aluminum Hydroxide containing medications, Aluminum Hydroxide indications and usages ATC and ICD codes, combinations with other active ingredients and trade names information from Drugs-about.com
[113 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Ultra-Fine Aluminum Hydroxide Market Research Report 2018 report by QYResearch Group. In this report, the global Ultra-Fine Aluminum Hydroxide market...
Most purified protein and peptide antigens are poorly immunogenic so adjuvants must be included in vaccines to activate and direct adaptive immune responses. The most commonly used adjuvants in clinical use are aluminium salts, particularly aluminium hydroxide adjuvant, which is chemically crystalline aluminium oxyhydroxide 1, 2 and comprises nanoparticles that form porous aggregates of 1-20 μm in diameter 2. Although not technically correct, aluminium-containing adjuvants are generally referred to as "alum". Alum is not an optimal adjuvant for all protein antigens and is a relatively poor inducer of cell-mediated immunity. As a result, other particulate adjuvants, including chitosan, liposomes and biodegradable microparticles and nanoparticles are being investigated 3. However, despite the widespread use of particulates in both clinical and research settings for over 80 years, their mode of action is still not fully understood.. In 2007 it was found that aluminium-containing adjuvants enhanced ...
Unfortunately, Merck, the manufacturers of this adjuvant have not made it available for any independent analyses, never mind safety testing. The visual evidence of the toxicity of aluminium adjuvants at the injection site is limited by their intramuscular administration (the adjuvant is hidden away in the muscle tissue) while their actual injection site toxicity is experienced by many as significant muscular pain, and associated events, in the receiving limb which can last for hours and even days. However, the role of the injection site toxicity is to attract a variety of immune-responsive cells and these cells proceed to load up their cell cytoplasm with particles of aluminium adjuvant as well as antigen, the latter may or may not be associated with the adjuvant material. Thereafter, dogma dictates that the delivery of antigen to lymph nodes initiates antigen-specific adaptive immunity. ...
Vaccines are frequently administered together with an adjuvant, a compound that boosts the immune response to the vaccines active ingredient. One of the most popular adjuvants is aluminium hydroxide, or alum, which has been used for 80 years or so, because it works. How it works was not known - until now. Aluminium salts are shown to activate the Nalp3 inflammasome, an intracellular innate immune response system active in macrophages. Understanding how this widely used adjuvant acts could help in the design of more powerful, more specific adjuvants working in the same way. The mechanism by which the widely used vaccine adjuvant alum acts on the immune system has been unclear to-date. This paper shows that alum-mediated stimulation of the adaptive immune response requires activation of the Nalp3 inflammasome in antigen presenting cells. Aluminium adjuvants, typically referred to as alum, are the most commonly used adjuvants in human and animal vaccines worldwide, yet the mechanism underlying the
The immune system represents a promising novel target for prevention of atherosclerosis. Several pilot vaccines that reduce atherosclerosis in experimental animals have been developed. The aluminum hydroxide adjuvant Alum has been shown to have antiatherogenic properties in itself, suggesting that it may be a suitable adjuvant in possible future atherosclerosis vaccines. To characterize the immune pathways mediating this protection, we treated wild-type C57BL/6 and Apoe(-)(/)(-) mice with Alum or PBS. Analyses of splenocytes isolated from 12-week-old mice demonstrated that Alum increased the presence of CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells and downregulated the expression of T cell activation markers CD28 and ICOS in Apoe(-)(/)(-) mice but not in C57BL/6 wild-type mice. A similar immunosuppressive phenotype was found also in 25-week-old Apoe(-)(/)(-) mice and was associated with reduced atherosclerosis. Alum precipitates recovered from the injection site of Apoe(-)(/)(-) mice contained ...
Where can I purchase Aluminum Hydroxide (ALOH) for my dog who has kidney failure, and do I use this instead of Epakitin and Azodyl, or along with it?
Vaccines can have adverse side-effects, and these are predominantly associated with the inclusion of chemical additives such as aluminum hydroxide adjuvant. The objective of this study was to establish an in vitro model system amenable to mechanistic investigations of cytotoxicity induced by hepatitis B vaccine, and to investigate the mechanisms of vaccine-induced cell death.. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=hepatitis+b+vaccine+apoptosis+hamza. ...
A method of treating lake water to remove suspended solids and to precipitate and inactivate phosphorus comprises adding aluminum hydroxide sulfate to the water in a concentration such that the pH of the water is maintained at a level of greater than 6.0 and precipitation of suspended solids and precipitation and inactivation of phosphorus occurs. This invention is advantageous in that it provides a method of removing suspended solids as well as precipitating and inactivating phosphorus in water while simultaneously preventing the solublizing of toxic amounts of aluminum into the water with subsequent detrimental effects to aquatic life.
Aluminium hydroxide- નાં ઉપયોગો, ડોઝ, આડઅસરો, ફાયદાઓ, ક્રિયાપ્રતિક્રિયાઓ અને ચેતવણી વિશે જાણો
... , the formulation of which is Al(OH)3, can be found in nature in the following forms: gibbsite, doyleite, nordstrandite and bayerite.
Aluminum hydroxide sulfate/ACM1332736 can be provided in Alfa Chemistry. We are dedicated to provide our customers the best products and services.
In combination with elevations of serum or urine aluminium ranges, numerous research have demonstrated elevated levels of aluminium during the Mind right after oral 27Al publicity, demonstrating oral aluminium absorption. Some illustrations stick to. Rats and canines were being fed 300 or 3000 mg aluminium hydroxide day by day inside their food for 5 months. These animals exhibited a big elevation of Mind aluminium concentrations, in comparison with All those not getting the aluminium hydroxide (Arieff et al., 1979). A big elevation of brain aluminium was claimed just after a single administration of oral aluminium hydroxide to mice (Cutrufo et al., 1984), While these authors didnt report their genuine benefits. Rat bone, although not Mind, aluminium was substantially elevated following intake for 8 weeks of a diet plan containing 570 mg sucralfate/kg. Sucralfate is usually a sucrose aluminium sulphate elaborate ...
When Jodi Ferris unknowingly unleashed the wrath of Social Services at Penn State Hershey Medical Center by questioning the necessity of the Hepatitis B vaccine for her newborn daughter, little did she know just how big a can of worms she was opening.. A study reported in the journal Apoptosis just weeks ago indicates that this controversial vaccine normally injected into newborns within hours of birth induces liver damage primarily due to the presence of the toxic vaccine adjuvant aluminum hydroxide.. ...
Study - Aluminum adjuvants of vaccines injected into the muscle: Normal fate, pathology and associated disease. Safety concerns largely depend on the long biopersistence time inherent to this adjuvant, which may be related to its quick withdrawal from the interstitial fluid by avid cellular uptake; and the capacity of adjuvant particles to migrate and slowly…
Are aluminum adjuvants plus Gardasil a uniquely damaging neuroinflammatory cocktail? By CLAIRE DWOSKIN Childrens Medical Safety Research Institute Health
Vaccines against pneumococcal disease for use in developing countries should be safe, effective against a broad range of serotypes and affordable. The existing conjugate vaccines offer protection against the serotypes included in the vaccine which were selected based on their prevalence in North America and Europe, and are predicted to provide incomplete protection against pneumococcal infections in Asia and Africa. In addition, these conjugate vaccines are expensive to produce. The work in this report demonstrates that a vaccine composed of killed whole cell, nonencapsulated pneumococci and formulated with AH, induces a strong antibody and IL-17 response. Both the antigen and adjuvant are relatively inexpensive suggesting that the vaccine will be affordable for use in developing countries.. Previous work with a simple protein antigen, alpha casein, indicated that the strength of adsorption of antigens onto aluminum-containing adjuvants is inversely related to the antibody response to these ...
Alum is applied to lake water as aluminum sulfate, or Al2(SO4)3 · 14 H2O. As aluminum sulfate is added to water, it forms aluminum ions, which are hydrated (combined with water):. Al+3 + 6 H2O ⇄ Al (H2O)63+. In a series of chemical hydrolysis steps, hydrogen ions are liberated, which may lower the water pH, and ultimately forms aluminum hydroxide (Al(OH)3), which is a solid precipitate:. Al3+ + H2O ⇄ intermediate reactions ⇄ Al(OH)3(s) + H+. The solid precipitate forms a flocculent material, referred to as a floc, that has a high capacity to adsorb phosphates. The aluminum hydroxide blanket, when applied appropriately, separates the sediment from the water column, which reduces internally supplied phosphorus.. Free aluminum may persist at pH less than 6 or other hydroxides may form at pH greater than 9; although toxicity may occur at pH , 8 in some conditions. Both forms may be toxic to aquatic life. As a practical matter, the use of buffered alum has mitigated this concern by controlling ...
An additional testing report shows that Merck tested Gardasil against an aluminum-containing placebo. While most placebos are saline based, the FDA allowed Merck to use a placebo with an undisclosed amount of aluminum in it. Gardasil itself contains 225 mcg of aluminum. Aluminum can cause many serious problems including temporary and permanent nerve damage. Using a reactive aluminum-containing placebo instead of a non-reactive saline base can make vaccines seem safer than they may actually be. While Merck has repeatedly stated that Gardasil is on a comparable safety rate with the placebo, if the placebo itself is responsible for adverse effects then it is more difficult to ascertain the vaccines safety. Mercks testing report shows charts of clinical tests, and compares Gardasil with the aluminum-containing placebo. It is true that the adverse reaction rates are comparable in most of the tests, but since the vaccine is being tested against a reactive, potentially harmful substance, the numbers ...
Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the label. Chew the tablets well so that foam forms in your mouth before swallowing. Do not suck on or crush the tablets. The protective foam will not form if you do this. After taking this medicine, drink a full glass of water. Antacids are usually taken after meals and at bedtime, or as directed by your doctor or health care professional. You should remain in an upright position for 1 to 2 hours after taking this medicine. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this medicine may be used in children for selected conditions, precautions do apply.. ...
Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the label. Shake well before using. Use a specially marked spoon or container to measure your medicine. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have one. Household spoons are not accurate. Antacids are usually taken after meals and at bedtime, or as directed by your doctor or health care professional. After taking the medication, drink a full glass of water. You should remain in an upright position for 1 to 2 hours after taking this medicine. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this medicine may be used in children for selected conditions, precautions do apply.. ...
Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the label. Shake well before using. Use a specially marked spoon or container to measure your medicine. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have one. Household spoons are not accurate. Antacids are usually taken after meals and at bedtime, or as directed by your doctor or health care professional. After taking the medication, drink a full glass of water. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this medicine may be used in children for selected conditions, precautions do apply.. ...
Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the label. Shake well before using. Use a specially marked spoon or container to measure your medicine. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have one. Household spoons are not accurate. Antacids are usually taken after meals and at bedtime, or as directed by your doctor or health care professional. After taking the medication, drink a full glass of water. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this medicine may be used in children for selected conditions, precautions do apply.. ...
Aluminum hydroxide is used to reduce hyperphosphatemia (elevated blood levels of phosphate) in patients with kidney failure. Aluminum salts work by reducing the amount of phosphorus absorbed from the intestine by physically binding to dietary phosphorus.. Normally, the kidneys filter out any excess phosphorus from the body, but when the kidneys are failing, phosphorus will accumulate in the blood. Elevated phosphorus levels in the blood are associated with lethargy and poor appetite. In some cases, phosphorus levels can be controlled through the use of a special diet formulated for kidney disease. When dietary restriction alone is not sufficient to control the elevated blood phosphate levels, aluminum hydroxide is used to reduce the amount of phosphorus absorbed from the intestines. Controlling hyperphosphatemia has been shown to increase the lifespan of animals with chronic kidney failure.. ...
pathogen are appallingly low. Biofilm is an important virulence factor and immunogenic structure of S. aureus that makes it resistant to phagocytosis and antibiotics. Reports on the efficacy of vaccine prepared from a biofilm producing S. aureus are infrequent. The present study was designed to evaluate the role of a bacterin-toxoid prepared from a strong biofilm producing S. aureus in effective immunization of rabbits. The strong biofilm producing S. aureus selected from 64 isolates of staphylococci was used to prepare bacterin-toxoid and aluminum hydroxide gel was added as an adjuvant. The vaccine was evaluated in rabbits by challenge protection assay and humoral immune response. The mortality rates in control and vaccinated groups were 80% and 10% at day 7 post challenge and 100% and 20% at day 15 post challenge, respectively. Serum antibody titer [GMT] was significantly higher [294.0] in vaccinated group as compared to control group of rabbits [2.63] at day 45. The results showed that the ...
Postmortem iliac crest biopsies were performed on 16 uremic patients. 3 had been treated conservatively while 13 had been entered into a maintenance dialysis program. The dialysate was treated by reve
Data presented at ICAAC showed the GEN-004 study met safety, tolerability and immunogenicity goals, including increases in the blood of T helper 17 (TH17) cells, a rare cell type that provides immunity at epithelial and mucosal surfaces. By generating a TH17 T cell-mediated immune response, immunization with GEN-004 may prevent or reduce pneumococcus colonization in the nasopharynx, a precursor to infection caused by all serotypes of pneumoccocus.. The Phase 1 study was a randomized, double-blind, dose-escalation, placebo-controlled clinical trial that enrolled 90 healthy adult volunteers. The primary objective was to evaluate safety and tolerability of GEN-004, which is comprised of three protein antigens, SP0148, SP2108 and SP1912, when administered with and without aluminum hydroxide as an adjuvant. Subjects were randomized to receive 10, 30 or 100µg of each protein/dose with or without 350µg aluminum hydroxide, or placebo, and received three doses, each four weeks apart. GEN-004 was ...
Within this observer-blind study (NCT00423046) ladies (N = 1 106 stratified by age (18-26 27 36 y) were randomized (1:1) to get the HPV-16/18 vaccine (R595 strain. improved antibody and storage B-cell replies when HPV-16/18 L1 VLP vaccine was developed with AS04 weighed against aluminum hydroxide by itself.6 The HPV-6/11/16/18 vaccine includes a proprietary AAHS adjuvant. When developed with HPV-16 vaccine AAHS provides demonstrated greater natural convenience of adsorption of HPV-16 L1 VLPs and better anti-HPV-16 L1 VLP antibody replies compared with lightweight aluminum hydroxide.8 However no research has directly compared the comparative efforts of AS04 and AAHS (using identically portrayed antigens) to vaccine-induced anti-HPV-16/18 defense responses. Talents of our research include the usage of a PBNA which methods a variety of neutralizing antibodies and similar methodology for evaluation of both vaccine groupings. The cell series found in the PBNA isnt found in the creation of either ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Admag-M information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by T. P. Drug Laboratories, Admag-M indications, usages and related health products lists
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
This blog discusses education and the latest developments in my business PhDave and other businesses in which I am a partner or collaborator.. ...
Nearly all modern vaccines contain at least one vaccine adjuvant and some of them also contain preservatives.. An adjuvant is an agent/compound added to vaccines to potentiate (make more potent, activate) the immune response. The most common group of adjuvants used in vaccines are aluminum salts (aluminum phosphate, aluminum hydroxide and potassium aluminum sulfate).. Aluminum is a well known neurotoxin (3) & (7). Research have also showed that there may be a correlation between aluminum in vaccines and the rising occurrence of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) (10) & (12). The most questionable preservative used in vaccines is undoubtedly Thiomersal, which is a form of mercury capable of inducing CNS damage by migrating into the brain by crossing the blood brain barrier (11).. Other questionable adjuvants & preservatives used in vaccines are; Monosodium Slutamate (MSG), formaldehyde, Squalene, Paraffin Oil which is a petroleum product used in and adjuvant called Freunds Incomplete Adjuvant (FIA ...
Dimethicone, Trimethylsiloxysilicate, Isododecane, Nylon-611/Dimethicone Copolymer, Dimethicone Crosspolymer, C30-45 Alkyldimethylsilyl Polypropylsilsesquioxane, Lauroyl Lysine, Alumina, Silica Silylate, Disodium Stearoyl Glutamate, Phenoxyethanol, Caprylyl Glycol, Limonene, Aluminum Hydroxide, Paraffin, Benzyl Benzoate, Benzyl Alcohol, Citronellol, Parfum/Fragrance, [+/- May Contain: CI 45410/Red 28 Lake, CI 77891/Titanium Dioxide, CI 15850/Red 7, CI 77491, CI 77492, CI 77499/Iron Oxides, CI 45380/Red 22 Lake, CI 15985/Yellow 6 Lake, CI 19140/Yellow 5 Lake, CI 42090/Blue 1 Lake, CI 15850/Red 6, CI 17200/Red 33 Lake, Mica].. ...
How to precipitate aluminium hydroxide Al(OH)3 from potassium aluminate K2Al2O4 which is dissolved in potassium hydroxide KOH? Are there any seeding agents which could be used? What will be the resulting compound(s) (ions) of the reaction(s)? Alternatively other methods how to make aluminium precipitate ...
Abstract. We describe the results from a human clinical trial of a dengue virus serotype-1, purified-inactivated vaccine (DENV-1 PIV) adjuvanted with aluminum hydroxide. This first-in-man, Phase 1, open-label clinical trial consisted of two groups of flavivirus-naïve healthy adult volunteers that received two intramuscular vaccine doses of either 2.5 μg or 5 μg of DENV-1 PIV administered on days 0 and 28. Following vaccination, both vaccine doses exhibited an acceptable safety profile with minimal injection site and systemic reactions. By study day 42, 2 weeks following the second vaccine dose, all volunteers in both vaccine groups developed serum-neutralizing antibodies against DENV-1. Additional testing using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay demonstrated induction of a humoral immune response following both vaccine doses. The DENV-1 PIV was safe and immunogenic in a small number of volunteers supporting development and further testing of a tetravalent DENV PIV formulation.
The effect of calcium carbonate (6 g daily) and of aluminum hydroxide (Amphojel, 7.2 g daily) on human gastrointestinal function… Expand ...
Vaccinations via subdermal injection have been used for the past century, with the theory being that vaccinations boost your immune system and allow your body to resist deadly viruses. While it may seem like a legitimate reason to vaccinate, unfortunately these vaccines are oftentimes more damaging and harmful than they are helpful. Recently, a report from the Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology found that aluminum hydroxide, the main metal-based adjuvant present in vaccines…. ...
SmithKline Beecham Biologicals. Borrelia burgdorferi. 12/21/1998. Three i.m. injections, administered at 0, 1, 12 months for those aged 15 to 70 years.. Aluminum hydroxide, 2 - Phenoxyethanol, Kanamycin (antibiotic), Saline solution, Yeast extract, Lipoprotein OspA, Silicon.. Prescribing Information. http://www.fda.gov/cber/efoi/approve.htm ...
Polyaluminium Chloride is an acidic solution. Classified as corrosive at higher concentrations, it is typically yellow in colour. It is miscible with water at all concentrations although dilute solutions hydrolyse to precipitate Aluminium Hydroxide (Al(OH)3 ...
"UVITE (Calcium Iron Magnesium Aluminum Boro-silicate Hydroxide)". Galleries.com. Retrieved 2016-08-09. "Uvite Mineral Data". ...
"LABEL: EQUALINE ANTACID- aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, simethicone suspension". DailyMed. "Mylanta heartburn remedy ... Aluminium hydroxide - 800 mg Magnesium hydroxide - 800 mg Simethicone - 80 mg Other, non-active ingredients include benzyl ...
Liquid Maalox contains aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide and simethicone. Maalox Regular Strength chewable tablets ... Their main product was a flavored liquid containing aluminium hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide, which acts to neutralize or ... to be a successful anti-diarrhea treatment due to the aluminum hydroxide content, which in normal situations has a tendency to ... Women who are pregnant can, with the permission of a health care provider, use this product as the aluminum content is deemed ...
Aluminum hydroxide has been implicated in hemodialysis-associated pseudoporphyria. Aluminum hydroxide is found in dialysis ...
It consists of aluminum hydroxide and monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL). Furthermore, it is the successor of AS03 which is a ...
Aluminum alkyls allowed the preparation of aluminum hydroxide and alumina with ultra-low alpha-particle emission, suitable for ... Preparation of aluminum hydroxide and alumina with ultra-low alpha-particle emission, suitable for ceramic memory-chip ... Purity of aluminum hydroxide derived from triethylaluminum, Tebbe, Fred N.; Morris, Patricia A.; French, Roger H.; Chowdhry, ... His work on thermoplastic organoaluminum precursor of aluminum nitride allowed spinning of the precursor into fibers before ...
When levofloxacin is taken with anti-acids containing magnesium hydroxide or aluminum hydroxide, the two combine to form ... October 1993). "Mechanistic study of inhibition of levofloxacin absorption by aluminum hydroxide". Antimicrob. Agents Chemother ...
Aluminum powder reacts with calcium hydroxide and water to form hydrogen. The hydrogen gas foams and doubles the volume of the ... Aluminum powder is used at a rate of 0.05%-0.08% by volume (depending on the pre-specified density). In some countries, like ... By using new formulations, containing only quartz sand, calcined gypsum, lime (mineral), cement, water and aluminum powder, ... quartz sand reacts with calcium hydroxide to form calcium silicate hydrate, which gives AAC its high strength and other unique ...
The aluminium hydroxide is calcined to produce alumina. The process was used in France at Salindres until 1923 and in Germany ... The alumina is converted in sodium aluminate. Iron oxide remains unchanged and silica forms a polysilicate. In the second stage ... It is based on the extraction of alumina with sodium carbonate. The first stage is the calcination of the bauxite at 1200 °C ... The amount of sodium hydroxide solution needed depends upon the amount of silica present in the raw material. The solution is ...
... aluminum trihydroxide, and magnesium hydroxide. Record of Decabromodiphenyl ether in the GESTIS Substance Database of the ... magnesium hydroxide, and other chemicals as alternatives to decaBDE that are "most likely to be used." A March 2007 report from ...
Effect of diverse anions on the pH of maximum precipitation of aluminum hydroxide." Journal of Colloid Science, 1, 221-34. Houk ... Thomas, A. W., & Whitehead, T. H. (1930). Effect of sulfate and chloride ion on solutions of aluminum salts. Journal of the ... Thomas, A. W., & Vartanian, R. D. (1935). The action of acids on hydrous alumina. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 57 ... Thomas, A. W., & Tai, A. P. (1932). The nature of "aluminum oxide" hydrosols. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 54, 841 ...
... determination of hydroxide and alumina in Bayer process solutions. Anal. Chem. 45 (13) 2248-2251, (1973 ... The alumina-tartrate complex is broken in favour of the formation of an aluminium fluoride complex and the concomitant release ... The thermometric titrimetric analysis of sodium aluminate liquor ("Bayer liquor") in the production of alumina from bauxite is ...
Every second aluminum tetrahedron is attached to a hydroxide ion and the structure is interrupted. The oxygen tetrahedra ... These oxygen and aluminum tetrahedra connect by their corners. It is a sorosilicate because two silicate tetrahedra connect at ... Partheite is different from most zeolites in that it contains the extra hydroxide ions, but is still considered a zeolite by ... The framework of the mineral is interrupted due to these hydroxyl groups attaching themselves to aluminum centered oxygen ...
In medicine, "alum" may also refer to aluminum hydroxide gel used as a vaccine adjuvant. Aluminum-based alums have a number of ... Pliny describes several other species of alumen but it is not clear as to what these minerals are. The alumen of the ancients ... Native alumen from Melos appears to have been a mixture mainly of alunogen (Al 2(SO 4) 3·17H 2O) with alum and other minor ... The word 'alumen' occurs in Pliny's Natural History. In the 52nd chapter of his 35th book, he gives a detailed description. By ...
These materials are prepared by combining alumina, phosphoric acid, and sodium hydroxide. In addition to the usual hydrate, an ... "E541 : Sodium aluminum phosphate". Food-Info. Wageningen University. Retrieved 2011-03-06. ...
A sample of diaspore, an aluminum oxide hydroxide mineral, α-AlO(OH) ... Production of aluminum-scandium alloys began in 1971 following a U.S. patent. Aluminum-scandium alloys were also developed in ... Also seeing much use is all-aluminum-alloy conductor. Aluminum is used because it has about half the weight of a comparable ... Prices of aluminum dropped and aluminum became widely used in jewelry, everyday items, eyeglass frames, optical instruments, ...
Hydroxide mineralizers are also used to control the alumina/silica ratio of zeolites. A typical recipe for the production of a ... At high pH, zeolites with high alumina content are formed, because hydroxides prevent the ability of silica to condense and ... Typical mineralizers are hydroxides (NaOH, KOH, LiOH), carbonates (Na2CO3) and halides (NaF, KF, LiF, NaCl, KCl, LiCl). ... Hydroxides and carbonates make silica more soluble by forming water-soluble sodium silicates. Simplified equations can be ...
Typical procedures entail heating aqueous solutions of alumina and silica with sodium hydroxide. Equivalent reagents include ... There are over 200 synthetic zeolites that have been synthesized by a process of slow crystallization of a silica-alumina gel ... Since the principal raw materials used to manufacture zeolites are silica and alumina, which are among the most abundant ...
The lithium aluminate was precipitated by the addition of a solution of lithium hydroxide to a solution of aluminum salts, or ... Corrosion resistance improvement technology of anodic oxide films on aluminum alloy that uses a lithium hydroxide solution. ... to him lithium aluminate may also be precipitated by the addition of a solution of lithium hydroxide to a solution of aluminum ... Rogers asserted that an insoluble aluminate of lithium is formed when aluminum is dissolved in a solution of lithium hydroxide ...
... and magnesium hydroxide. When heated, aluminium hydroxide dehydrates to form aluminum oxide (alumina, Al2O3), releasing water ... Additionally, the residue of alumina forms a protective layer on the material's surface. Mixtures of huntite and hydromagnesite ... Commonly used fire retardant additives include mixtures of huntite and hydromagnesite, aluminium hydroxide, ...
Among commonly used adjuvants are Complete and Incomplete Freund's adjuvant and solutions of aluminum hydroxide or aluminum ...
If oxygen or aluminum are present, iron and aluminum hydroxides clog the system, causing failure. Alkalinity producing systems ... Anoxic limestone drains consist of a buried limestone gravel system that requires the exclusion of oxygen and aluminum in the ...
The hexahydrate is obtained from a reaction between metallic aluminum or aluminum hydroxide with hydrogen iodide or hydroiodic ... Gugelchuk, M. (2004). "Aluminum Iodide". In L. Paquette. Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. New York: J. Wiley & ... Dohmeier, C.; Loos, D.; Schnöckel, H. (1996). "Aluminum(I) and Gallium(I) Compounds: Syntheses, Structures, and Reactions". ... Watt, George W; Hall, James L; Taylor, William Lloyd; Kleinberg, Jacob (1953). "Aluminum Iodide". Inorganic Syntheses. ...
Aluminum hydroxide, the byproduct of the synthesis, can be dehydrated to give alumina, which, at high purities, has a high ... Trialkylaluminium is oxidized with air to form aluminum alkoxides, and finally hydrolyzed to aluminum hydroxide and the desired ... The process uses an aluminum catalyst to oligomerize ethylene and allow the resulting alkyl group to be oxygenated. The usually ... is synthesized by action of aluminum, ethylene, and hydrogen gas. In the production process, two-thirds of the ...
... aluminum hydroxide, multivitamins, acetaminophen, bisacodyl, aspirin, thiamine, prednisone, atropine, codeine, ...
Soluble contaminants, such as aluminum hydroxide, itself a product of corrosion by halide ions, clog the fuel system over time ...
Aluminum magnesium hydroxide Suppliers, Aluminum magnesium hydroxide Manufacturers, related products of Aluminum magnesium ... Information for Aluminum magnesium hydroxide 39366-43-3 including Aluminum magnesium hydroxide CAS NO 39366-43-3, ... About Aluminum magnesium hydroxide. Powerd by ChemNet Aluminum magnesium hydroxide. Product Name:. Aluminum magnesium hydroxide ... Enquiry for Aluminum magnesium hydroxide Address:. Akzo Nobel Base Chemicals bv Stationsstraat 77 3811 MH Amersfoort Postbus ...
Some drain cleaners also contain small pieces of aluminum metal. Aluminum reacts with sodium hydroxide in water to produce ... Sodium Hydroxide - Sodium hydroxide in household products, Industrial uses of sodium hydroxide. ... Sodium Hydroxide - Sodium hydroxide in household products, Industrial uses of sodium hydroxide. ... Solutions of sodium hydroxide in water are at the upper limit (most basic) of the pH scale. Sodium hydroxide is made by the ...
Sodium hydroxide CAS 1310-73-2 Caustic soda sodium hydrate soda lye white caustic solid caustic soda from China manufacturer on ... Product Details of Sodium hydroxide CAS 1310-73-2 Liquid Caustic Soda Food Additives Sodium Hydroxide, ... In the Bayer process, sodium hydroxide is used in the refining of alumina containing ores (bauxite) to produce alumina ( ... Caustic Soda Sodium Hydroxide Sodium Hydroxide Sodium Aluminium Hydroxide Sodium Hydroxide Pearls Liquid Caustic Soda Caustic ...
Hydroxide Factory. *Food Grade Silicone Factory. *Aluminium Hydroxide Price. *Aluminum Hydroxide Price ...
Also offering potassium hydroxide, potassium carbonate, stearic acid, 12-hydroxy stearic acid, ricinoleic acid and hydrochloric ... Also offering acid slurry, carbon tetrachloride, ammonium chloride, aluminum chloride and caustic potash. ... Hindustan Produce CompanyKolkata, IndiaManufacturer & exporter of lithium hydroxide monohydrate. Also offering basic ... Also offering sodium metabi sulphite, hexamine, sodium formate, potassium hydroxide pellets, insoluble sacchrine and phosphoric ...
Long-term follow-up of cognitive dysfunction in patients with aluminum hydroxide-induced macrophagic myofasciitis (MMF).. ... is characterized by specific muscle lesions assessing long-term persistence of aluminum hydroxide within macrophages at the ...
Aluminum Hydroxide: learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more on MedlinePlus ... Before taking aluminum hydroxide,. *tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to aluminum hydroxide or any other ... Aluminum hydroxide comes as a capsule, a tablet, and an oral liquid and suspension. The dose and frequency of use depend on the ... Aluminum hydroxide is used for the relief of heartburn, sour stomach, and peptic ulcer pain and to promote the healing of ...
Wang, X.; Andrews, L., Infrared Spectroscopic Observation of the Group 13 Metal Hydroxides, M(OH), J. Phys. Chem. A, 2007, 111 ... Gas-Phase Chemistry of the Dimethylaluminum Oxide Ion and Related Aluminum Oxide Ions - Comparison of Reactivity with Siloxide ...
About ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE: Aluminum hydroxide, also known as hydrated alumina, is a form of aluminum used as a colorant.. ... Synonym(s): ALUMINA HYDRATE; ALUMINA, HYDRATED; ALUMINA, TRIHYDRATE; ALUMINIUM HYDROXIDE SULPHATE; ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE SULFATE ( ... AL (OH) (SO4) ) ; ALUMINUM OXIDE TRIHYDRATE; ALUMINUM OXIDE, HYDRATE; ALUMINUM TRIHYDROXIDE; ALUMUNUM HYDROXIDE; CI 77002; ...
Aluminum Hydroxide and Magnesium Hydroxide: learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more on MedlinePlus ... Magnesium Hydroxide antacids,. *tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to Aluminum Hydroxide, Magnesium Hydroxide ... Aluminum Hydroxide and Magnesium Hydroxide. pronounced as (a loo mi num) (hye drox ide) (mag nee zhum) (hye drox ide) ... Take Aluminum Hydroxide, Magnesium Hydroxide antacids exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often ...
ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 5QB0T2IUN0) (ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE - UNII:5QB0T2IUN0) ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE. 320 mg in 5 mL. ... ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE liquid. To receive this label RSS feed. Copy the URL below and paste it into your RSS Reader application. ... Aluminum Hydroxide Gel, USP. ANTACID SUGAR FREE This is a bulk package. Dispense contents with a child-resistant closure in a ... ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE liquid. If this SPL contains inactivated NDCs listed by the FDA initiated compliance action, they will be ...
Products containing ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE made by company: Del Laboratories, Inc. Showing 1 - 10 of 44 results See more: 1 2 3 4 5 ...
Comprehensive disease interaction information for aluminum hydroxide/magnesium carbonate. Includes Magnesium salts - renal ... Aluminum hydroxide / magnesium carbonate alcohol/food interactions. There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with aluminum hydroxide ... Aluminum hydroxide / magnesium carbonate drug interactions. There are 420 drug interactions with aluminum hydroxide / magnesium ... More about aluminum hydroxide/magnesium carbonate. *Aluminum hydroxide/magnesium carbonate Side Effects ...
View drug interactions between aluminum hydroxide and simethicone. These medicines may also interact with certain foods or ... Aluminum hydroxide is in the following drug classes: antacids, phosphate binders.. *Aluminum hydroxide is used to treat the ... aluminum hydroxide. A total of 381 drugs are known to interact with aluminum hydroxide. ... When aluminum hydroxide is taken during enteral nutrition therapy (tube feeding), the tube may get clogged. Therefore, aluminum ...
Sodium hydroxide is otherwise known as lye or caustic soda. When aluminum and sodium hydroxide come into contact with one ... Aluminum sulfate, however, may be mixed with sodium hydroxide to form aluminum hydroxide, a compound that is used in filtering ... Aluminum reacts with sodium hydroxide. Sodium hydroxide is otherwise known as lye or caustic soda. ... When aluminum and sodium hydroxide come into contact with one another, there is quite a vigorous reaction. ...
... aluminum hydroxide and magnesium carbonate liquid), including warnings and precautions, directions, and the names of other ...
Find patient medical information for Aluminum-Magnesium Hydroxide Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, ... How to use Aluminum-Magnesium Hydroxide Tablet, Chewable. Take this medication by mouth, usually after meals and at bedtime as ... Before taking this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to aluminum hydroxide; or to magnesium; or if ... Aluminum-Magnesium Hydroxide Tablet, Chewable. COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Gaviscon, Gelusil, Maalox, Mylanta, Wingel ...
Aluminum Hydroxide and Magnesium Hydroxide Adult Medication. *. ... If you have an allergy to aluminum, magnesium, or any other ...
... aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, simethicone tablet, chewable), including warnings and precautions, directions, and the ...
Aluminum Hydroxide and Magnesium Carbonate - Generated on April 24, 2019. ©2019 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. ... Aluminum Hydroxide and Magnesium Carbonate Adult Medication. *. ... If you have an allergy to aluminum, magnesium, or any other ...
Find treatment reviews for Aluminum hydroxide-magnesium carbonate from other patients. Learn from their experiences about ...
Find the most comprehensive real-world treatment information on Aluminum hydroxide-magnesium carbonate at PatientsLikeMe. 0 ... bipolar I disorder or mild depression currently take Aluminum hydroxide-magnesium carbonate. ...
Find information on Aluminum Hydroxide (AlternaGEL, Alu-Cap) in Daviss Drug Guide including dosage, side effects, interactions ... aluminum hydroxide is a topic covered in the Daviss Drug Guide. To view the entire topic, please sign in or purchase a ... "Aluminum Hydroxide." Daviss Drug Guide, 16th ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2019. Washington Manual, www.unboundmedicine.com/ ... washingtonmanual/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/51034/all/aluminum_hydroxide. Quiring C, Sanoski CA, Vallerand AH. Aluminum hydroxide. ...
... may also be used for purposes not... ... magnesium hydroxide, and simethicone is a combination medicine used to treat heartburn, acid indigestion, upset stomach, ... What is aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, and simethicone?. Aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, and simethicone is ... Avoid taking any other medicine within 2 hours before or 2 hours after you take aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, and ...
WebMD provides information about interactions between Antacid Liquid-Simethicone II Oral and aluminum-hydroxide-magnesium- ... If you need to take an antacid containing aluminum hydroxide and/or magnesium hydroxide, try to take it at least two hours ... Rosuvastatin/Aluminum Hydroxide; Magnesium Hydroxide Interactions. This information is generalized and not intended as specific ... The effect of a combination antacid preparation containing aluminium hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide on rosuvastatin ...
  • Aluminum sulfate, however, may be mixed with sodium hydroxide to form aluminum hydroxide, a compound that is used in filtering out particles during water treatment. (reference.com)
  • A method of treating lake water to remove suspended solids and to precipitate and inactivate phosphorus comprises adding aluminum hydroxide sulfate to the water in a concentration such that the pH of the water is maintained at a level of greater than 6.0 and precipitation of suspended solids and precipitation. (google.com)
  • 2. A method according to claim 1, in which the aluminum hydroxide sulfate is of the formula Al n (OH) x (SO 4 ) y where 3n=x+2y and n has a value of 2-13, x has a value of 0.60-27.30, y has value of 0.90-17.99, and x+y has a value of 3.30-33.15. (google.com)
  • More particularly, this invention relates to a method of removing suspended solids and precipitating and inactivating phosphorus contained in lake water comprising adding aluminum hydroxide sulfate to the water in a concentration such that the pH of the water is maintained at a level of greater than 6.0 and precipitation of suspended solids and precipitation and inactivation of phosphorous occurs. (google.com)
  • The use of aluminum sulfate compounds to treat lake water for the removal of suspended solids as well as the precipitation and inactivation of phosphorus compounds is well known to those skilled in the art, as illustrated, for example, by Cooke, G. D. et al. (google.com)
  • However, the use of aluminum sulfate as an additive has inherent problems when employed in lake water having low alkalinity and low pH, as aluminum sulfate tends to further depress the pH of the entire lake. (google.com)
  • Chemistry: KAl 3 (SO 4 ) 2 (OH) 6 , Potassium Aluminum Sulfate Hydroxide. (galleries.com)
  • aluminum sulfate a compound used as an astringent solution and antiperspirant. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • With an expertise in inorganic materials, it has a portfolio of high value products: alumina trihydrate, magnesium hydroxide, engineered molybdate compounds, specialty aluminas, organic matting agents, precipitated silicas and silicates, barium sulfate and industrial, food and USP calcium carbonate. (hubermaterials.com)
  • One of the major uses of aluminium hydroxide is as a feedstock for the manufacture of other aluminium compounds: speciality calcined aluminas, aluminium sulfate, polyaluminium chloride, aluminium chloride, zeolites, sodium aluminate, activated alumina, and aluminium nitrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • If your pet is receiving any of these medications, you should administer the aluminum hydroxide at least 2 hours before or after the other medication to reduce the interaction. (vcahospitals.com)
  • To offset this interaction, administer aluminum hydroxide two hours before or after administering any other medication. (hillsboroanimalhospital.net)
  • Recently, a water-impermeable prescription cream (Tetrix®, Coria Laboratories, Ltd., Fort Worth, Texas) containing aluminum magnesium hydroxide stearate (AMHS) and several silicate derivatives (dimethicone, cetyl dimethicone, cyclomethicone), formulated as an aqueous emulsion, has been cleared by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is available for clinical use. (jcadonline.com)
  • form metal hydroxide particles, as discussed above. (themediaconsortium.com)
  • 6. The method in accordance with claim 1 wherein the treatment is in an aqueous solution containing a material selected from triethanol amine, propyl amine, triethyl amine, alkali metal hydroxide, alkaline earth metal hydroxide, ammoniumhydroxide, alkali metal carbonate and bicarbonate. (patentgenius.com)
  • Gibbsite has a typical metal hydroxide structure with hydrogen bonds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here, the synthesis of atomically thin sheets and nanofibers of boehmite (γ‐AlOOH) and their transformation into cubic alumina (γ‐Al2O3) via annealing is explored. (edu.au)
  • When dietary restriction alone is not sufficient to control the elevated blood phosphate levels, aluminum hydroxide is used to reduce the amount of phosphorus absorbed from the intestines. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Aluminum hydroxide is also used to reduce phosphate levels in people with certain kidney conditions. (peacehealth.org)
  • Where can I purchase Aluminum Hydroxide (ALOH) for my dog who has kidney failure, and do I use this instead of Epakitin and Azodyl, or along with it? (medhelp.org)
  • A total of 600 healthy adults ≥ 65 years were randomized to receive 2 vaccinations 1 month apart of a subvirion avian influenza A/H5N1 vaccine containing 3.75, 7.5, 15, or 45 μg of hemagglutinin (HA) with or without aluminum hydroxide (AlOH). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • At the Interfacial Dynamics in Radioactive Environments and Materials (IDREAM) Energy Frontier Research Center, researchers are investigating the radiolytic stability of aluminum hydroxides and oxyhydroxides, where the radiolysis effects at the solid-water interface can be distinguished from radiation damage to the bulk material . (phys.org)
  • List Of China Halogen Free Aluminum Hydroxide Products And Quality Supplier Of China Halogen Free Aluminum Hydroxide From China, Bossgoo.com Provide You Reliable China Halogen Free Aluminum Hydroxide Manufacturers With Through The Certification. (bossgoo.com)
  • If You Are Interested In Halogen Free Aluminum Hydroxide, You Will Be Amazed By The Variety Of The Product Choices Such As accept Paypal Free Shipping , accessorie Aluminum , accessories Aluminum , acetone Free , Acetyl Hydroxide . (bossgoo.com)
  • In this study, a calcium-aluminum-layered double hydroxide (CaAl-LDH) thin film was grown on an AA6082 aluminum alloy, for the very first time, by using a facile in situ growth method in an effort to investigate the CaAl-LDH structural geometry and corresponding corrosion resistance properties. (rsc.org)
  • It lowers serum phosphate to near normal levels in hemodialysis patients as effectively as calcium acetate without inducing hypercalcemia or increased aluminum levels. (medscape.com)
  • This invention is advantageous in that it provides a method of removing suspended solids as well as precipitating and inactivating phosphorus in water while simultaneously preventing the solublizing of toxic amounts of aluminum into the water with subsequent detrimental effects to aquatic life. (google.com)
  • Aluminum hydroxide, in the presence of low phosphorus diets, may cause phosphorus deficiency. (rxmed.com)
  • Listing your company for Aluminum hydroxide, 75% allows buyers to find your information through our directory pages which appear in the top positions when a search is conducted in Google, Yahoo! (poulvet.com)
  • I. Gorlov, and A. A. Chiko UDC 548:541.11/.123:539.192 A method is presented for taking into account the boundary conditions in cluster models of crystal structures containing aluminum atoms in the octahedral oxygen environment. (themediaconsortium.com)
  • The four combinations are: Gibbsite Bayerite Nordstrandite Doyleite All polymorphs are composed of layers of octahedral aluminium hydroxide units with the aluminium atom in the centre and the hydroxyl groups on the sides, with hydrogen bonds holding the layers together. (wikipedia.org)