Aluminum Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain aluminum as an integral part of the molecule.Aluminum Hydroxide: A compound with many biomedical applications: as a gastric antacid, an antiperspirant, in dentifrices, as an emulsifier, as an adjuvant in bacterins and vaccines, in water purification, etc.Aluminum Oxide: An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.Alum Compounds: Aluminum metal sulfate compounds used medically as astringents and for many industrial purposes. They are used in veterinary medicine for the treatment of ulcerative stomatitis, leukorrhea, conjunctivitis, pharyngitis, metritis, and minor wounds.Metallurgy: The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)Fluorides: Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.Astringents: Agents, usually topical, that cause the contraction of tissues for the control of bleeding or secretions.Phosphines: Inorganic or organic compounds derived from phosphine (PH3) by the replacement of H atoms. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Spectrophotometry, Atomic: Spectrophotometric techniques by which the absorption or emmision spectra of radiation from atoms are produced and analyzed.Osteomalacia: Disorder caused by an interruption of the mineralization of organic bone matrix leading to bone softening, bone pain, and weakness. It is the adult form of rickets resulting from disruption of VITAMIN D; PHOSPHORUS; or CALCIUM homeostasis.WeldingCitric Acid: A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability.Beryllium: Beryllium. An element with the atomic symbol Be, atomic number 4, and atomic weight 9.01218. Short exposure to this element can lead to a type of poisoning known as BERYLLIOSIS.Antacids: Substances that counteract or neutralize acidity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Aluminum Silicates: Any of the numerous types of clay which contain varying proportions of Al2O3 and SiO2. They are made synthetically by heating aluminum fluoride at 1000-2000 degrees C with silica and water vapor. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Antiperspirants: Agents that are put on the SKIN to reduce SWEATING or prevent excess sweating (HYPERHIDROSIS).Adjuvants, Immunologic: Substances that augment, stimulate, activate, potentiate, or modulate the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. The classical agents (Freund's adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum, et al.) contain bacterial antigens. Some are endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Their mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a wide variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, i.e., affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. The therapeutic efficacy of many biological response modifiers is related to their antigen-specific immunoadjuvanticity.CitratesOrganometallic Compounds: A class of compounds of the type R-M, where a C atom is joined directly to any other element except H, C, N, O, F, Cl, Br, I, or At. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Renal Osteodystrophy: Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.Magnesium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain magnesium as an integral part of the molecule.Coal Tar: A by-product of the destructive distillation of coal used as a topical antieczematic. It is an antipruritic and keratoplastic agent used also in the treatment of psoriasis and other skin conditions. Occupational exposure to soots, tars, and certain mineral oils is known to be carcinogenic according to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985) (Merck Index, 11th ed).Calcium Carbonate: Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.Sucralfate: A basic aluminum complex of sulfated sucrose.Deferoxamine: Natural product isolated from Streptomyces pilosus. It forms iron complexes and is used as a chelating agent, particularly in the mesylate form.Aurintricarboxylic Acid: A dye which inhibits protein biosynthesis at the initial stages. The ammonium salt (aluminon) is a reagent for the colorimetric estimation of aluminum in water, foods, and tissues.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Electron Probe Microanalysis: Identification and measurement of ELEMENTS and their location based on the fact that X-RAYS emitted by an element excited by an electron beam have a wavelength characteristic of that element and an intensity related to its concentration. It is performed with an electron microscope fitted with an x-ray spectrometer, in scanning or transmission mode.Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Renal Dialysis: Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.Silicon: A trace element that constitutes about 27.6% of the earth's crust in the form of SILICON DIOXIDE. It does not occur free in nature. Silicon has the atomic symbol Si, atomic number 14, and atomic weight [28.084; 28.086].Silicates: The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)Naphthaleneacetic Acids: Naphthalene derivatives containing the -CH2CCO2H radical at the 1-position, the 2-position, or both. Compounds are used as plant growth regulators to delay sprouting, exert weed control, thin fruit, etc.Minerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Gallium: A rare, metallic element designated by the symbol, Ga, atomic number 31, and atomic weight 69.72.Ilium: The largest of three bones that make up each half of the pelvic girdle.Corrosion: The gradual destruction of a metal or alloy due to oxidation or action of a chemical agent. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Phosphates: Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions.Phosphorus: A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.Silicic Acid: A hydrated form of silicon dioxide. It is commonly used in the manufacture of TOOTHPASTES and as a stationary phase for CHROMATOGRAPHY.Bone Diseases: Diseases of BONES.Neodymium: Neodymium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Nd, atomic number 60, and atomic weight 144.24, and is used in industrial applications.Chlorides: Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Kidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Maximum Allowable Concentration: The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Adsorption: The adhesion of gases, liquids, or dissolved solids onto a surface. It includes adsorptive phenomena of bacteria and viruses onto surfaces as well. ABSORPTION into the substance may follow but not necessarily.Drug Contamination: The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.Photochemotherapy: Therapy using oral or topical photosensitizing agents with subsequent exposure to light.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Iron: A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.Guam: An island in Micronesia, east of the Philippines, the largest and southernmost of the Marianas. Its capital is Agana. It was discovered by Magellan in 1521 and occupied by Spain in 1565. They ceded it to the United States in 1898. It is an unincorporated territory of the United States, administered by the Department of the Interior since 1950. The derivation of the name Guam is in dispute. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p471)Laser Therapy: The use of photothermal effects of LASERS to coagulate, incise, vaporize, resect, dissect, or resurface tissue.Water SofteningShips: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Hemodialysis Solutions: Solutions prepared for hemodialysis. The composition of the pre-dialysis solution may be varied in order to determine the effect of solvated metabolites on anoxia, malnutrition, acid-base balance, etc. Of principal interest are the effect of the choice of buffers (e.g., acetate or carbonate), the addition of cations (Na+, K+, Ca2+), and addition of carbohydrates (glucose).Zirconium: Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Absorption: The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.Intestinal Absorption: Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.MalatesHydrofluoric Acid: Hydrofluoric acid. A solution of hydrogen fluoride in water. It is a colorless fuming liquid which can cause painful burns.Trace Elements: A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Transferrin: An iron-binding beta1-globulin that is synthesized in the LIVER and secreted into the blood. It plays a central role in the transport of IRON throughout the circulation. A variety of transferrin isoforms exist in humans, including some that are considered markers for specific disease states.Silicon Dioxide: Transparent, tasteless crystals found in nature as agate, amethyst, chalcedony, cristobalite, flint, sand, QUARTZ, and tridymite. The compound is insoluble in water or acids except hydrofluoric acid.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Polycyclic Compounds: Compounds consisting of two or more fused ring structures.Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Silanes: Compounds similar to hydrocarbons in which a tetravalent silicon atom replaces the carbon atom. They are very reactive, ignite in air, and form useful derivatives.Lasers, Solid-State: Lasers which use a solid, as opposed to a liquid or gas, as the lasing medium. Common materials used are crystals, such as YAG (YTTRIUM aluminum garnet); alexandrite; and CORUNDUM, doped with a rare earth element such as a NEODYMIUM; ERBIUM; or HOLMIUM. The output is sometimes additionally modified by addition of non-linear optical materials such as potassium titanyl phosphate crystal, which for example is used with neodymium YAG lasers to convert the output light to the visible range.Scandium: Scandium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Sc, atomic number 21, and atomic weight 45.Ceramics: Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Chelating Agents: Chemicals that bind to and remove ions from solutions. Many chelating agents function through the formation of COORDINATION COMPLEXES with METALS.Yttrium: An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Y, atomic number 39, and atomic weight 88.91. In conjunction with other rare earths, yttrium is used as a phosphor in television receivers and is a component of the yttrium-aluminum garnet (YAG) lasers.Sodium Fluoride: A source of inorganic fluoride which is used topically to prevent dental caries.Air Abrasion, Dental: A technique using a pneumatic, high-pressure stream of aluminum oxide to remove DENTAL ENAMEL; DENTIN; and restorative materials from teeth. In contrast to using DENTAL HIGH-SPEED EQUIPMENT, this method usually requires no dental anesthesia (ANESTHESIA, DENTAL) and reduces risks of tooth chipping and microfracturing. It is used primarily for routine DENTAL CAVITY PREPARATION.Water Quality: A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.Uremia: A clinical syndrome associated with the retention of renal waste products or uremic toxins in the blood. It is usually the result of RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. Most uremic toxins are end products of protein or nitrogen CATABOLISM, such as UREA or CREATININE. Severe uremia can lead to multiple organ dysfunctions with a constellation of symptoms.Fagopyrum: A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that is used as an EDIBLE GRAIN. Although the seeds are used as cereal, the plant is not one of the cereal grasses (POACEAE).Indoles: Benzopyrroles with the nitrogen at the number one carbon adjacent to the benzyl portion, in contrast to ISOINDOLES which have the nitrogen away from the six-membered ring.Hemodialysis, Home: Long-term maintenance hemodialysis in the home.Food Packaging: Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for processed and raw foods and beverages. It includes packaging intended to be used for storage and also used for preparation of foods such as microwave food containers versus COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS. Packaging materials may be intended for food contact or designated non-contact, for example, shipping containers. FOOD LABELING is also available.Vaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.Photosensitizing Agents: Drugs that are pharmacologically inactive but when exposed to ultraviolet radiation or sunlight are converted to their active metabolite to produce a beneficial reaction affecting the diseased tissue. These compounds can be administered topically or systemically and have been used therapeutically to treat psoriasis and various types of neoplasms.Diamond: Diamond. A crystalline form of carbon that occurs as hard, colorless or tinted isomeric crystals. It is used as a precious stone, for cutting glass, and as bearings for delicate mechanisms. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic: Agents that aid or increase the action of the principle drug (DRUG SYNERGISM) or that affect the absorption, mechanism of action, metabolism, or excretion of the primary drug (PHARMACOKINETICS) in such a way as to enhance its effects.Metal Nanoparticles: Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.Soil Pollutants: Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.Biological Availability: The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.Poisoning: A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.Hydrangea: A plant genus of the family HYDRANGEACEAE. Members contain hydrangenol, thunberginols, hydramacrosides A and B, and secoiridoid glucosides.Neurologic Manifestations: Clinical signs and symptoms caused by nervous system injury or dysfunction.Andropogon: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of bluestem is also used for other plants in this family. Andropogon nardus has been reclassified as CYMBOPOGON nardus and Andropogon zizanioides to VETIVERIA zizanioides.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Parathyroid Hormone: A polypeptide hormone (84 amino acid residues) secreted by the PARATHYROID GLANDS which performs the essential role of maintaining intracellular CALCIUM levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone increases intracellular calcium by promoting the release of CALCIUM from BONE, increases the intestinal absorption of calcium, increases the renal tubular reabsorption of calcium, and increases the renal excretion of phosphates.Anion Exchange Resins: High-molecular-weight insoluble polymers that contain functional cationic groups capable of undergoing exchange reactions with anions.Hematoporphyrin Derivative: A complex mixture of monomeric and aggregated porphyrins used in the photodynamic therapy of tumors (HEMATOPORPHYRIN PHOTORADIATION). A purified component of this mixture is known as DIHEMATOPORPHYRIN ETHER.Titanium: A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)Rubber: A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.Hydroponics: A technique for growing plants in culture solutions rather than in soil. The roots are immersed in an aerated solution containing the correct proportions of essential mineral salts. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Oxalates: Derivatives of OXALIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that are derived from the ethanedioic acid structure.Solutions: The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Photoelectron Spectroscopy: The study of the energy of electrons ejected from matter by the photoelectric effect, i.e., as a direct result of absorption of energy from electromagnetic radiation. As the energies of the electrons are characteristic of a specific element, the measurement of the energy of these electrons is a technique used to determine the chemical composition of surfaces.Light Coagulation: The coagulation of tissue by an intense beam of light, including laser (LASER COAGULATION). In the eye it is used in the treatment of retinal detachments, retinal holes, aneurysms, hemorrhages, and malignant and benign neoplasms. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 3d ed)Acids: Chemical compounds which yield hydrogen ions or protons when dissolved in water, whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water (neutralization). An extension of the term includes substances dissolved in media other than water. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Particle Size: Relating to the size of solids.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Phalaris: A plant genus of the family POACEAE.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Cladocera: A suborder of CRUSTACEA, order Diplostraca, comprising the water fleas. They are benthic filter feeders that consume PHYTOPLANKTON. The body is laterally compressed and enclosed in a bivalved carapace, from which the head extends.Lewis Acids: Any chemical species which accepts an electron-pair from a LEWIS BASE in a chemical bonding reaction.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Magnesium: A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.Metals, Heavy: Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Waste Water: Contaminated water generated as a waste product of human activity.Cooking and Eating UtensilsGraphite: An allotropic form of carbon that is used in pencils, as a lubricant, and in matches and explosives. It is obtained by mining and its dust can cause lung irritation.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Penicillin G Procaine: Semisynthetic antibiotic prepared by combining penicillin G with PROCAINE.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)WyomingPhosphorus Metabolism Disorders: Disorders in the processing of phosphorus in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization.Dihydrotachysterol: A VITAMIN D that can be regarded as a reduction product of vitamin D2.Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Extraction and Processing Industry: The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.Boron: A trace element with the atomic symbol B, atomic number 5, and atomic weight [10.806; 10.821]. Boron-10, an isotope of boron, is used as a neutron absorber in BORON NEUTRON CAPTURE THERAPY.Antidotes: Agents counteracting or neutralizing the action of POISONS.Tannins: Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.Gastric Lavage: Medical procedure involving the emptying of contents in the stomach through the use of a tube inserted through the nose or mouth. It is performed to remove poisons or relieve pressure due to intestinal blockages or during surgery.Metabolic Detoxication, Drug: Reduction of pharmacologic activity or toxicity of a drug or other foreign substance by a living system, usually by enzymatic action. It includes those metabolic transformations that make the substance more soluble for faster renal excretion.Silicosis: A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust containing crystalline form of SILICON DIOXIDE, usually in the form of quartz. Amorphous silica is relatively nontoxic.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Cation Exchange Resins: High molecular weight insoluble polymers which contain functional anionic groups that are capable of undergoing exchange reactions with cations.Ultrafiltration: The separation of particles from a suspension by passage through a filter with very fine pores. In ultrafiltration the separation is accomplished by convective transport; in DIALYSIS separation relies instead upon differential diffusion. Ultrafiltration occurs naturally and is a laboratory procedure. Artificial ultrafiltration of the blood is referred to as HEMOFILTRATION or HEMODIAFILTRATION (if combined with HEMODIALYSIS).Osteitis: Inflammation of the bone.Densitometry: The measurement of the density of a material by measuring the amount of light or radiation passing through (or absorbed by) the material.Plastics: Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Succinic Anhydrides: A subclass of anhydrides with the general structure of dihydrofurandione. They can be substituted on any carbon atom. They modify and inhibit proteins and enzymes and are used in the acylation of amino- and hydroxyl groups.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Anthrax Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent ANTHRAX.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Patch Tests: Skin tests in which the sensitizer is applied to a patch of cotton cloth or gauze held in place for approximately 48-72 hours. It is used for the elicitation of a contact hypersensitivity reaction.Secale cereale: A hardy grain crop, rye, grown in northern climates. It is the most frequent host to ergot (CLAVICEPS), the toxic fungus. Its hybrid with TRITICUM is TRITICALE, another grain.GTP-Binding Proteins: Regulatory proteins that act as molecular switches. They control a wide range of biological processes including: receptor signaling, intracellular signal transduction pathways, and protein synthesis. Their activity is regulated by factors that control their ability to bind to and hydrolyze GTP to GDP. EC 3.6.1.-.Infant Formula: Liquid formulations for the nutrition of infants that can substitute for BREAST MILK.Activation Analysis: A method of chemical analysis based on the detection of characteristic radionuclides following a nuclear bombardment. It is also known as radioactivity analysis. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Glass: Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Electroplating: Coating with a metal or alloy by electrolysis.Nanostructures: Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.Electrochemistry: The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Copper: A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.Tin: A trace element that is required in bone formation. It has the atomic symbol Sn, atomic number 50, and atomic weight 118.71.Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Sorghum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.Chromium: A trace element that plays a role in glucose metabolism. It has the atomic symbol Cr, atomic number 24, and atomic weight 52. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP85-002,1985), chromium and some of its compounds have been listed as known carcinogens.Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Fasciitis: Inflammation of the fascia. There are three major types: 1, Eosinophilic fasciitis, an inflammatory reaction with eosinophilia, producing hard thickened skin with an orange-peel configuration suggestive of scleroderma and considered by some a variant of scleroderma; 2, Necrotizing fasciitis (FASCIITIS, NECROTIZING), a serious fulminating infection (usually by a beta hemolytic streptococcus) causing extensive necrosis of superficial fascia; 3, Nodular/Pseudosarcomatous /Proliferative fasciitis, characterized by a rapid growth of fibroblasts with mononuclear inflammatory cells and proliferating capillaries in soft tissue, often the forearm; it is not malignant but is sometimes mistaken for fibrosarcoma.Potentiometry: Solution titration in which the end point is read from the electrode-potential variations with the concentrations of potential determining ions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Pica: The persistent eating of nonnutritive substances for a period of at least one month. (DSM-IV)Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Streptococcal Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent STREPTOCOCCAL INFECTIONS.NorwayOxalic Acid: A strong dicarboxylic acid occurring in many plants and vegetables. It is produced in the body by metabolism of glyoxylic acid or ascorbic acid. It is not metabolized but excreted in the urine. It is used as an analytical reagent and general reducing agent.Chemistry Techniques, Analytical: Methodologies used for the isolation, identification, detection, and quantitation of chemical substances.Calbindin 1: A calcium-binding protein that mediates calcium HOMEOSTASIS in KIDNEYS, BRAIN, and other tissues. It is found in well-defined populations of NEURONS and is involved in CALCIUM SIGNALING and NEURONAL PLASTICITY. It is regulated in some tissues by VITAMIN D.Carbon Compounds, Inorganic: Inorganic compounds that contain carbon as an integral part of the molecule but are not derived from hydrocarbons.Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Polarography: An electrochemical technique for measuring the current that flows in solution as a function of an applied voltage. The observed polarographic wave, resulting from the electrochemical response, depends on the way voltage is applied (linear sweep or differential pulse) and the type of electrode used. Usually a mercury drop electrode is used.Flow Injection Analysis: The analysis of a chemical substance by inserting a sample into a carrier stream of reagent using a sample injection valve that propels the sample downstream where mixing occurs in a coiled tube, then passes into a flow-through detector and a recorder or other data handling device.Posterior Capsulotomy: Procedures performed to remove CAPSULE OPACIFICATION that develops on the POSTERIOR CAPSULE OF THE LENS following removal of a primary CATARACT.Plant Root Cap: A cone-shaped structure in plants made up of a mass of meristematic cells that covers and protects the tip of a growing root. It is the putative site of gravity sensing in plant roots.Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Apicoectomy: Excision of the apical portion of a tooth through an opening made in the overlying labial, buccal, or palatal alveolar bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)Dental Porcelain: A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Spectrum Analysis: The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Inhalation Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.Tetanus ToxoidDental Polishing: Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.Chemical Industry: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Propantheline: A muscarinic antagonist used as an antispasmodic, in rhinitis, in urinary incontinence, and in the treatment of ulcers. At high doses it has nicotinic effects resulting in neuromuscular blocking.Vaccines, Synthetic: Small synthetic peptides that mimic surface antigens of pathogens and are immunogenic, or vaccines manufactured with the aid of recombinant DNA techniques. The latter vaccines may also be whole viruses whose nucleic acids have been modified.Immunization: Deliberate stimulation of the host's immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).Fluorine: A nonmetallic, diatomic gas that is a trace element and member of the halogen family. It is used in dentistry as flouride (FLUORIDES) to prevent dental caries.Mice, Inbred BALB CEquipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Tetralones: A group of TETRAHYDRONAPHTHALENES containing a keto oxygen.Hydroxides: Inorganic compounds that contain the OH- group.Dental Cements: Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.Freund's Adjuvant: An antigen solution emulsified in mineral oil. The complete form is made up of killed, dried mycobacteria, usually M. tuberculosis, suspended in the oil phase. It is effective in stimulating cell-mediated immunity (IMMUNITY, CELLULAR) and potentiates the production of certain IMMUNOGLOBULINS in some animals. The incomplete form does not contain mycobacteria.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.

A simple hydroponic culture method for the development of a highly viable root system in Arabidopsis thaliana. (1/1170)

In the studies of nutritional absorption and metal toxicity in the root, it is important to grow plants without technical damage. We established a simple hydroponic culture system for Arabidopsis thaliana to obtain a healthy plant having a well-developed root system with many lateral roots. The phytotoxic effects of Cr, Cu, and Al ions were examined by FDA-PI staining using this culture system. The pattern of root inhibition varied with the ion, suggesting the usefulness of this culture system.  (+info)

Binding of the transition state analog MgADP-fluoroaluminate to F1-ATPase. (2/1170)

Escherichia coli F1-ATPase from mutant betaY331W was potently inhibited by fluoroaluminate plus MgADP but not by MgADP alone. beta-Trp-331 fluorescence was used to measure MgADP binding to catalytic sites. Fluoroaluminate induced a very large increase in MgADP binding affinity at catalytic site one, a smaller increase at site two, and no effect at site three. Mutation of either of the critical catalytic site residues beta-Lys-155 or beta-Glu-181 to Gln abolished the effects of fluoroaluminate on MgADP binding. The results indicate that the MgADP-fluoroaluminate complex is a transition state analog and independently demonstrate that residues beta-Lys-155 and (particularly) beta-Glu-181 are important for generation and stabilization of the catalytic transition state. Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide-inhibited enzyme, with 1% residual steady-state ATPase, showed normal transition state formation as judged by fluoroaluminate-induced MgADP binding affinity changes, consistent with a proposed mechanism by which dicyclohexylcarbodiimide prevents a conformational interaction between catalytic sites but does not affect the catalytic step per se. The fluorescence technique should prove valuable for future transition state studies of F1-ATPase.  (+info)

Fluorimetric determination of aluminum traces in hemodialysis solutions using Mordant Red 19. (3/1170)

A sensitive and accurate method for the spectrofluorimetric determination of trace levels of aluminum in hemodialysis solutions using Mordant Red 19 as the complexation reagent has been developed. The optimal experimental conditions for the concentration of fluorimetric reagent, pH, temperature, and the specific type of matrix are reported. The emission of the fluorescent metal chelate was measured at 555 nm, excitation at 478 nm. Linearity between emission intensity and aluminum concentration was found in the 2-20 ppb range in standard aluminum solutions. Limit of detection was 0.4 ppb. The aluminum amounts in some commercial hemodialysis solutions were determined by means of the extrapolation method. The proposed method proved to be suitable in terms of sensitivity and accuracy for the determination of aluminum in dialysis fluids.  (+info)

Aluminum is a weak agonist for the calcium-sensing receptor. (4/1170)

BACKGROUND: Aluminum (Al3+) has diverse biological effects mediated through activation of a putative extracellular cation-sensing receptor. A recently identified calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), which has been identified in target tissues for Al3+, may transduce some of the biological effects of Al3+. METHODS: To test this possibility, we transfected human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK 293) cells with a cDNA encoding the rat CaSR and evaluated CaSR expression by Western blot analysis and function by measurement of intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) levels and inositol monophosphate (IP1) generation following stimulation with Al3+ and a panel of CaSR agonists. RESULTS: The CaSR protein was detected by immunoblot analysis in cells transfected with the CaSR cDNA but not in nontransfected HEK 293 cells. In addition, [Ca2+]i levels and IP1 generation were enhanced in a dose-dependent fashion by additions of the CaSR agonists calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+), gadolinium (Gd3+), and neomycin only in cells transfected with CaSR. To determine if Al3+ activated CaSR, we stimulated cells transfected with rat CaSR with 10 microM to 1 mM concentrations of Al3+. Concentrations of Al3+ in the range of 10 microM to 100 microM had no effect on [Ca2+]i levels or IP1 generation. In contrast, 1 mM Al3+ induced small but significant increases in both parameters. Whereas Gd3+ antagonized calcium-mediated activation of CaSR, pretreatment with Al3+ failed to block subsequent activation of rat CaSR by Ca2+, suggesting a distinct mechanism of Al3+ action. CONCLUSION: Al3+ is not a potent agonist for CaSR. Because Al3+ affects a variety of target tissues at micromolar concentrations, it seems unlikely that CaSR mediates these cellular actions of Al3+.  (+info)

High-resolution PET imaging for in vivo monitoring of tumor response after photodynamic therapy in mice. (5/1170)

The aim of this study was to investigate the use of [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) and a small-animal PET scanner to assess early tumor response after photodynamic therapy (PDT) in mice. PDT consists of intravenous administration of a photosensitizer that accumulates preferentially in tumor tissue, followed by local illumination of the tumor with red light. Two different photosensitizers were used: Photofrin (PII), which has been approved for clinical use, and disulfonated aluminum phthalocyanine (AIPcS), which is a second-generation drug. These drugs have been shown to induce tumor necrosis through different action mechanisms, i.e., mainly initial vascular stasis (PII) or direct tumor cell kill (AIPcS). FDG PET was used to follow both perfusion and metabolic activity in the tumor tissue. METHODS: The study was performed using a mouse model implanted with two contralateral murine mammary tumors (5 mm diameter x 2.5 mm thickness) on the back. Only one tumor was subjected to PDT, whereas the other tumor served as a control. A total of 13 mice were studied, 1 without illumination, 3 at 30 min and 3 at 2 h after PDT with both PII-PDT and AIPcS-PDT. Dynamic PET imaging of the mice, which were placed in pairs in a prostate position parallel to the transaxial planes of the Sherbrooke animal PET scanner, was performed after a bolus injection of 11 MBq (300 microCi) FDG. Blood samples were collected concurrently from 1 mouse during each study using an automated microvolumetric blood sampler. RESULTS: Analysis of the tumor time-activity curves showed that (a) scans during the first 3 min provided an estimate of tumor perfusion, as confirmed by the blood samples; (b) the tumor FDG uptake after 15 min was a direct measurement of tumor metabolism clearly demonstrating the relative efficacy of the two PDT drugs; and (c) the tumor tracer concentration in the interval 3-15 min after FDG injection is an appropriate indicator of the different mechanisms of tumor necrosis through indirect vascular stasis (PII) or direct cell kill (AIPcS). CONCLUSION: This pilot study confirmed the feasibility of using dynamic in vivo PET imaging for assessing early tumor response to PDT in mice.  (+info)

Evidence that cytosolic phospholipase A2 is down-regulated by protein kinase C in intact human platelets stimulated with fluoroaluminate. (6/1170)

We reported that protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors increase the release of arachidonic acid induced by fluoroaluminate (AlF4-), an unspecific G-protein activator, in intact human platelets. Now we demonstrate that this effect is independent of the extracellular Ca2+ concentration and that AlF4(-)-induced release of AA is abolished by BAPTA, an intracellular Ca2+ chelator, even in the presence of GF 109203X, a specific and potent PKC inhibitor. This compound also blocks the liberation of the secretory phospholipase A2 in the extracellular medium, indicating that this enzyme is not involved in the potentiation of arachidonic acid by PKC inhibitors. On the other hand, the latter effect is completely abolished by treatment of platelets with AACOCF3, a specific inhibitor of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2). These observations indicate that cPLA2 is responsible for the AlF4(-)-induced release of arachidonic acid by a mechanism that is down-regulated by PKC.  (+info)

A preliminary study of dietary aluminium intake and risk of Alzheimer's disease. (7/1170)

BACKGROUND: epidemiological studies of Alzheimer's disease and aluminium intake have focused on aluminium in drinking water. There have been no studies investigating the relation between the disease and the consumption of foods containing large amounts of aluminium additives. OBJECTIVES: to conduct a pilot study to determine whether dietary intake of aluminium additives differs in individuals with and without Alzheimer's disease. DESIGN: matched case-control study. Controls were matched to cases on age, gender and date of admission to the centre. SETTING: Syracuse, New York, USA. SUBJECTS: 46 participants comprising 23 matched sets. METHODS: residents of the Loretto Geriatric Center with and without newly-diagnosed Alzheimer's disease were selected. Next-of-kin were asked to complete information on the resident's medical history, lifestyle behaviour and dietary intake before admission to the centre. An expanded form of the Health Habits and History Questionnaire was used to determine dietary intake. Consumption of foods containing elevated levels of aluminium additives was compared between cases and controls. RESULTS: the crude odds ratio for daily intake of foods containing high levels of aluminium was 2.0 and, when adjusted for covariates, was 8.6 (P=0.19). Intake of pancakes, waffles, biscuits, muffins, cornbread and/or corn tortillas differed significantly (P=0.025) between cases and controls. Adjusted odds ratios were also elevated for grain product desserts, American cheese, chocolate pudding or beverages, salt and chewing gum. However, the odds ratio was not elevated for tea consumption. CONCLUSION: past consumption of foods containing large amounts of aluminium additives differed between people with Alzheimer's disease and controls, suggesting that dietary intake of aluminium may affect the risk of developing this disease. Larger studies are warranted to corroborate or refute these preliminary findings.  (+info)

Effects of aluminum potassium sulfate on learning, memory, and cholinergic system in mice. (8/1170)

AIM: To study the relationship between aluminum potassium sulfate (APS) and memory deficits of mice. METHODS: 30, 60, or 90 d after the mice were given daily APS i.g., the step-through latency (STL) was determined with a passive avoidance task. Aluminum (Al) contents in brain and blood were assayed with atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Acetylcholine (ACh) content in brain was determined with chemiluminescent method and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity was measured radiochemically. RESULTS: APS 1 g.kg-1 increased blood-Al only after 30 d. After 60 d, STL, ACh content and ChAT activity decreased by 46.4%, 8.5%, and 22.6%, respectively. These parameters decreased by 50%, 11.1%, and 27.8%, respectively, with increased Al in blood and brain, after 90 d. APS 0.25 g.kg-1 had no effects on mice except blood-Al. In ethylcholine mustard aziridium chloride (AF64A) treated mice, APS 1 g.kg-1 only increased blood and brain-Al. CONCLUSION: The intake of APS 1 g.kg-1.d-1 for 60 d induced learning and memory deficits in mice.  (+info)

*Immunologic adjuvant

Aluminum adjuvants have caused motor neuron death in mice when injected directly onto the spine at the scruff of the neck, and ... Petrik MS, Wong MC, Tabata RC, Garry RF, Shaw CA (2007). "Aluminum adjuvant linked to gulf war illness induces motor neuron ... In 1993, a causal relationship between VAS and administration of aluminum adjuvanted rabies and FeLV vaccines was established ... PMID 26344622 PMC 4494261/ Baylor N, Egan W, Richman P (2002). "Aluminum salts in vaccines--US perspective". Vaccine. 20 (Suppl ...

*Phenylphosphine

... can be produced by reducing dichlorophenylphosphine with lithium aluminum hydride in ether: LiAlH4 + 2C6H5PCl2 ...

*Fluoride toxicity

When water (1 ppm fluoride) is boiled in aluminum cookware more aluminum is leached and more aluminum fluoride complexes are ... The NRC report stated that "many of the untoward effects of fluoride are due to the formation of AlFx [aluminum fluoride] ... Chiba J, Kusumoto M, Shirai S, Ikawa K, Sakamoto S (March 2002). "The influence of fluoride ingestion on urinary aluminum ... Anesth Analg 1979;58:221-4/ Strunecká A, Strunecký O, Patocka J (2002). "Fluoride plus aluminum: useful tools in laboratory ...

*Aluminum Tunes

"Aluminum Tunes: Switched On, Vol. 3". Stereolab. All Media Guide/All Music. Retrieved 2007-05-04. "aluminum tunes". Stereolab ... Aluminum Tunes is a double album collection of EPs and rarities from Stereolab, released in 1998. It is the third, and to date ...

*Essex Aluminum

... Plant is a former Ford Motor Company metal casting plant in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. It opened in 1981, and ... "Essex Aluminum Plant to close". Windsor Star. Retrieved 2012-10-17. "Nemak plant to close for good". Windsor Star. Retrieved ... List of Ford factories "Essex Aluminum Plant". Retrieved 2012-10-17. "2002 Media Guide" (PDF). Ford Motor Company. Retrieved ... produced aluminum cylinder heads and pistons for various Ford engine plants. In 2001, the plant was sold to Nemak, a joint ...

*Aluminum fencing

Aluminum fence materials are often in the form of rigid rails or posts, but flexible forms are also used. Aluminum fences are ... Aluminum fencing is used for both commercial and residential use. Aluminum fence is generally available preformed, in a wide ... Aluminum fences are made in a wide range of sizes and shapes. They come in many different colors, which are applied using a ... An aluminum fence is a fence constructed primarily out of the element aluminium. Due to the metal's low density and ability to ...

*Aluminum (album)

Aluminum was the second album from New York City band Gods Child. Produced by Tim Palmer (who has worked with such acts as ... It is littered with damaged guitars, distressed mellotron, and raw vocals.[citation needed] Aluminum was critically acclaimed, ...

*Aluminum Overcast

EAA's B-17 Aluminum Overcast site Flight in Aluminum Overcast YouTube video of a flight of "Aluminum Overcast". ... Its paint scheme was redone in 1988 and now features a flat aluminum metallic flake paint. Aluminum Overcast is based at the ... Aluminum Overcast carries the colors of the 398th Bomb Group of World War II, which flew hundreds of missions over Nazi-held ... Aluminum Overcast, B-17G-105-VE, s/n 44-85740, civil registration N5017N, is one of only ten presently airworthy Boeing B-17 ...

*Aluminum Manufacturers

... , Inc., based in Cleveland, Ohio, was a major producer of aluminum and brass materials in the early 20th ... In 1922, this was "...one of the largest shops in Detroit for making aluminum and brass castings...." In 1920, it was noted ... The company was incorporated in November 1919, absorbing The Aluminum Castings Company, a Detroit, Michigan company which had ... that the company was controlled by the Aluminum Company of America (later known as Alcoa). In 1921, the company was noted as an ...

*Asia Aluminum

... is the largest aluminum extrusion group in Asia, with an annual designed capacity of 350,000 metric tons. It ... Asia Aluminum did not have sufficient funds to repay these debts. Consequently, as at 28 February 2009, Asia Aluminum was ... including Asia Aluminum. Furthermore, Asia Aluminum incurred a considerable drain on its cash resources due to the construction ... the management of Asia Aluminum performed a leveraged buyout of the outstanding issued share capital in Asia Aluminum, financed ...

*Century Aluminum

... Company (NASDAQ: CENX) is a US-based producer of primary aluminium, with aluminum plants in the US and Iceland ... "Century Aluminum threatens to close Mt Holly smelter if no new power deal", Reuters, 22 Oct. 2015. Dan Hason, "Century Aluminum ... US Geological Survey, Aluminum, Minerals Yearbook, 2014. New York Times, Century Aluminum Company, accessed 1 Mar. 2016. " ... "Glencore planning sale of Century Aluminum unit", New York Times, 10 Aug. 1995. Century Aluminum, accessed 1 Mar. 2016. " ...

*Kaiser Aluminum

... an American aluminum producer is a spinoff from Kaiser Aluminum and Chemicals Corporation which came to be when ... Henry J. Kaiser's corporation entered the aluminum business by leasing, then purchasing three government-owned aluminum ... Kaiser Aluminum filed for bankruptcy in 2002 due to labor disputes, the West Coast energy crisis, and asbestos liabilities. It ... Kaiser Aluminum is headquartered in Foothill Ranch, California. In 2005, it recorded revenues of roughly US$1.1 billion and ...

*Aluminum disc

Most recordings on bare aluminum are believed to have perished in the scrap metal drives held during World War II. Aluminum was ... aluminum disc may refer to the aluminum core discs used for the "platters" in hard disk drives, or to discs used in various ... A bare aluminum disc can remain unchanged indefinitely if carefully stored, while the coating on a lacquer disc is subject to ... In the field of audio recording, an aluminum disc (aluminium in the UK and elsewhere) is a phonograph (gramophone in the UK) ...

*Aluminum can

The aluminum industry pays nearly 800 million dollars a year for recycled aluminum since it is so versatile. The Aluminum ... Aluminum cans are often made with recycled aluminum; approximately 68% of a standard North American can is recycled aluminum. ... Use of aluminum in cans began in 1957. Aluminum offers greater malleability, resulting in ease of manufacture; this gave rise ... The advantages of aluminum over steel (tinplate) cans include; light weight competitive cost usage of easy-open aluminum ends: ...

*Aluminum Bowl

The Aluminum Bowl was a one-time postseason college football bowl game held in 1956 as the National Association of ...

*Aluminum polymer composite

An aluminum polymer composite (APC) material combines aluminum with a polymer to create materials with interesting ... Spherical aluminum foam pieces bonded by polymers produced foams that were 80-95% metal. Such foams were test=manufactured on ... Aluminum foam Rathi, Akshat (2014-02-03). "New laser-printed material is lighter than water, as strong as steel". Ars Technica ... When coated with a 50-100 nanometer layer of aluminum oxide, the material was able to withstand loads of as much as 280 ...

*The Aluminum Association

... unalloyed aluminum, and aluminum hardeners (aluminum alloy materials and grain refiners). The Aluminum Association's ... Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys, which is an ANSI accredited standards committee. Aluminum Association (AA) standards are ... The Aluminum Association today carries out its role in promoting aluminum via a diverse set of activities: developing technical ... The Aluminum Association is a trade association for the aluminum production, fabrication and recycling industries, and their ...

*Eames Aluminum Group

The Eames Aluminum Group series is a line of furniture designed by Charles and Ray Eames. While the furniture, particularly the ... The original design featured a woven suspension back and seat stretched between aluminum ribs. The chair has been in production ... http://www.hermanmiller.com/Products/Eames-Aluminum-Group-Chairs Eames Office - vintage. ...

*1974 aluminum cent

The 1974 aluminum cent was a one-cent coin proposed by the United States Mint in 1973. It was composed of an alloy of aluminum ... When the proposed aluminum cent was rejected, the Mint recalled and destroyed the examples. A few aluminum cents not returned ... As a result, the Mint tested alternate metals, including aluminum and bronze-clad steel. A composition of 96% aluminum (with ... "San Diego Man Returns Rare Aluminum Penny Worth Up To $2M To U. S. Mint". Fox 5 News San Diego. Retrieved 2016-03-23. Bowers pg ...

*Mitsubishi Aluminum Co.

Established in 1962, it produces aluminum, aluminum alloy mill products and fabricated products. Mitsubishi Materials ... Mitsubishi Aluminum Co., Ltd. (三菱アルミニウム株式会社, Mitsubishi Aruminiumu Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese manufacturer of aluminium ...

*Anodic Aluminum Oxide

In the absence of such dissolution, dense anodic aluminum oxide films are formed with limited thickness. Anodizing aluminum has ... of aluminum in liquid electrolytes in the conditions that balance the growth and the localized dissolution of aluminum oxide to ... Nanoporous Anodic Aluminum Oxide or AAO is a self-organized material with honeycomb-like structure formed by high density ... The porous nature of anodic alumina films has been discovered in the 1930s and further elaborated in the 1950s-1970s. Processes ...

*Iraqi aluminum tubes

Washington Post: Aluminum tubes Congress: Iraq Nuclear Program the aluminum tube section begins on page 5 Colin Powell UN ... In 2000, Iraq ordered, via a company in Jordan, 60,000 high-strength aluminum tubes manufactured from 7075-T6 aluminum with an ... became aware that Iraq was attempting to procure 60,000 high-strength aluminum tubes manufactured from 7075-T6 aluminum, with ... Seven-thousand series aluminum alloy is extremely hard and strong and when formed into a tube of more than 75 mm in diameter, ...

*Aluminum building wiring

Aluminum wire used before the mid-1970s had a somewhat higher rate of creep, but a more significant issue was that aluminum ... But because aluminum's density is 30.5% that of copper, aluminum is almost exactly twice as conductive by weight. Since copper ... Also, larger aluminum building wire made with the newer AA-8000 series alloy of aluminum is commonly used for electrical ... Aluminum building wiring is a type of electrical wiring for residential construction or houses that uses aluminum electrical ...

*Volta Aluminum Company

... , known as VALCO, is an aluminium company based in Tema, Greater Accra Region founded by Kaiser Aluminum ... VALCO was a joint venture with Kaiser Aluminum and ALCOA, major aluminum conglomerates both based in the United States, in the ... VALCO imported alumina to produce aluminum. The smelter has a capacity of 200,000 metric tons per year of ingots but was shut ... VALCO smelts alumina to produce aluminium ingots at its smelter at Tema. Locally, a major Ghanaian customer of VALCO is ...

*Aluminum Christmas tree

... s consisted of aluminum branches attached to a wooden or aluminum central pole. The central pole had ... During the 1960s, the aluminum Christmas tree enjoyed its most popular period of usage. As the mid-1960s passed, the aluminum ... The foil branches had woven aluminum "needles" as well. Each tree took about 15 minutes to assemble. The first aluminum trees ... "Vintage Aluminum Christmas Trees - Caring for Your Aluminum Christmas Tree", American Chronicle, November 29, 2007, accessed ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Interpretation of serum aluminum values in dialysis patients. AU - McCarthy, J. T.. AU - Milliner, D. S.. AU - Kurtz, S. B.. AU - Johnson, W. J.. AU - Moyer, T. P.. PY - 1986. Y1 - 1986. N2 - To determine the significance of serum aluminum levels in dialysis patients, the authors retrospectively analyzed a series of patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). All patients had always been treated with a dialysate containing negligible amounts of aluminum. The serum aluminum levels of hemodialysis and CAPD patients were not significantly different, not related to age or sex, and not affected by the presence of diabetes or vitamin D intake. The most important determinant of serum aluminum level in the hemodialysis patients was the current dose of aluminum-containing phosphate-binding medication. This relationship was most striking in the compliant patients. In hemodialysis patients, after an increase during the first one to two ...
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And one biggie-all vaccines.. And this presents an even worse scenario. The aluminum toxicity goes directly into the blood, because of the mode of injection-and then on to the heart and brain.. As small babies, our children are injected with a plethora of vaccines, with more as they get older--just so they can go to school. Just think of all the aluminum toxicity accumulating after that, along with the toxicity from the sunscreen theyre slathered with during the summer months. And add to that the aluminum they get from cookware used either at home or school, or maybe second hand smoke from an adult close to them. Its mind boggling…….. Harmless?. Believe it or not, there are those who claim aluminum is harmless. While it IS the most abundant metal on the earth, its certainly not the least bit harmless. Well, it might have been harmless-before it was discovered to be useful, and then mined for profit.. Aluminum does a number on our brains! And it comes from all directions. Its not just ...
Materials and Methods: Thirty samples of PN prepared in the same hospital for infants aged ,30 days (mean [SD] weight, 1.54 [0.71] kg) were collected from discarded solution. Each sample was analyzed for aluminum content via inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The components of PN (from label) and measured aluminum content were then compared using linear regression and 1-way analysis of variance.. Results: The mean (SD) aluminum contamination of infant PN was 14.02 (6.51) mcg/kg/d. Only 3 samples were ,5 mcg/kg/d. Aluminum levels and infant weight were not associated. Linear regression revealed a significant correlation between aluminum and both calcium gluconate (P , .0001) and phosphate (P = .05), with a trend between aluminum and potassium (P = .07).. Conclusions: Aluminum contamination in infant PN remains almost 3 times higher than the advised maximum exposure (,5 mcg/kg/d, Food and Drug Administration 2004). Unexpectedly, an association between infant weight and aluminum exposure ...
We reviewed specific chemical exposures and exposure assessment methods relating to published and unpublished epidemiological studies in the alumina and primary aluminium industry. Our focus was to review limitations in the current literature and make recommendations for future research. Although some of the exposures in the smelting of...
The Normal person takes in between 3 and 10 milligrams of aluminum daily. It is also absorbed into the body through the lungs, the digestive tract, the skin and body tissues. The biggest source of aluminum comes from our water. Toxic amounts of aluminum can impair the kidneys and reduced mental alertness. Colic, rickets, gastrointestinal problems, interference with the metabolism of calcium, extreme nervousness, anemia, headaches, decreased liver and kidney function, memory loss, speech problems, softening of the bones, and aching muscles can all be caused by aluminum toxicity.
The Normal person takes in between 3 and 10 milligrams of aluminum daily. It is also absorbed into the body through the lungs, the digestive tract, the skin and body tissues. The biggest source of aluminum comes from our water. Toxic amounts of aluminum can impair the kidneys and reduced mental alertness. Colic, rickets, gastrointestinal problems, interference with the metabolism of calcium, extreme nervousness, anemia, headaches, decreased liver and kidney function, memory loss, speech problems, softening of the bones, and aching muscles can all be caused by aluminum toxicity.
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Learn more about Aluminum Toxicity at Medical City Dallas DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision .....
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of acid precipitation and aluminum on carbohydrate metabolism in mycorrhizae of Pinus massioniana. AU - Tan, J. K.. AU - Kong, F. X.. AU - Cao, Huansheng. AU - Yu, Y.. AU - Han, X. B.. PY - 2005/3/1. Y1 - 2005/3/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=23444450780&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=23444450780&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1007/s00128-005-0628-9. DO - 10.1007/s00128-005-0628-9. M3 - Article. C2 - 15903199. AN - SCOPUS:23444450780. VL - 74. SP - 614. EP - 622. JO - Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. JF - Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. SN - 0007-4861. IS - 3. ER - ...
Data & statistics on Aluminium production by geography: Rising costs to drive aluminium price outlook, ALUMINIUM (continued) Rio Tinto Alcan - Specialty Alumina Specialty alumina production (000 tonnes) Canada Jonquière (Vaudreuil) refinery - Quebec Rio Tinto Alcan - Primary Aluminium Primary aluminium production (000 tonnes) Cameroon Alucam (Edéa) smelter Canada Alma smelter - Quebec Alouette (Sept-Îles) smelter - Quebec Arvida smelter - Quebec Bécancour smelter - Quebec Grande-Baie smelter - Quebec ..., ALUMINIUM Refined production (000 tonnes) Anglesey Bell Bay Boyne Island Tiwai Point Rio Tinto total aluminium production...
This is especially surprising because of the limitations of the Cochrane Collaborations study. They looked at the effects of only one standard aluminum-containing vaccine, rather than the effects of all four being administered at once. They didnt study aluminum metabolism itself. They didnt test aluminum levels in children after vaccination, nor did they explore whether or not the amount of aluminum in vaccines builds up in the brain or bone tissues. They looked only for evidence of external symptoms of aluminum toxicity, not internal effects. Nor did they do their own research; instead, they reviewed all available studies conducted by other investigators. Despite all this, the Cochrane Collaboration study essentially closed the book on investigating aluminum toxicity from vaccines, without really having opened it in the first place. [2008] Is Aluminum the New Thimerosal? By Robert W. Sears Because no meaningful research has specifically been done on aluminum in vaccines, there is no existing ...
The main finding of this study was that exhaled NO concentrations in non-smoking potroom workers were 63% higher than in non-smoking control subjects recruited from the same plant. The two groups were otherwise comparable for occurrence of asthma-like symptoms and use of β2-agonists. No subject in either group used corticosteroids. The potroom workers were somewhat younger than the controls (mean age 40 v 46 years), but concentrations of exhaled NO have not been shown to vary with age.12 Although the exhaled NO concentration in the non-smoking potroom workers was not as high as that found in symptomatic asthmatic subjects, it was comparable to the concentration observed in atopic subjects with bronchial hyperresponsiveness.18 In smokers, we found no difference in exhaled NO between potroom workers and controls. This may be because chronic cigarette smoking itself decreases exhaled NO, both in healthy19 and in asthmatic subjects.20 In mildly asthmatic subjects, the effect of smoking on exhaled ...
Work-related asthma in aluminium potroom workers, is reviewed and discussed, mainly on the basis of own investigations. The occurrence of work-related asthma has been shown to be associated with the duration of potroom employment, although the prevalence of asthmatic symptoms is not significantly different from that of the general population. Typical manifestations of occupational asthma are described in potroom workers, and a close relationship between the levels of fluoride exposure and work-related asthmatic symptoms has been observed. The existence of occupational asthma in aluminium potroom workers has been confirmed by characteristic patterns of repeated peak flow measurements, supported by changes in methacholine responsiveness in workers with suspected work-related asthma. However, no immunological test is available to establish the diagnosis. Methacholine challenge appears to be inappropriate for screening aluminium potroom workers in order to detect work-related asthma. Current ...
Root efflux of organic acid anions underlies a major mechanism of plant aluminium (Al) tolerance on acid soils. This efflux is mediated by transporters of the Al-activated malate transporter (ALMT) or the multi-drug and toxin extrusion (MATE) families. ZmALMT2 was previously suggested to be involved in Al tolerance based on joint association-linkage mapping for maize Al tolerance. In the current study, we functionally characterized ZmALMT2 by heterologously expressing it in Xenopus laevis oocytes and transgenic Arabidopsis. In oocytes, ZmALMT2 mediated an Al-independent electrogenic transport product of organic and inorganic anion efflux. Ectopic overexpression of ZmALMT2 in an Al-hypersensitive Arabidopsis KO/KD line lacking the Al tolerance genes, AtALMT1 and AtMATE, resulted in Al-independent constitutive root malate efflux which partially restored the Al tolerance phenotype. The lack of correlation between ZmALMT2 expression and Al tolerance (e.g., expression not localized to the root tip, ...
Chronic kidney disease is common in cats. Blood levels of phosphate increase when the kidneys are not working well, and medications are frequently needed to decrease the blood phosphate levels back towards normal. One of the main medications used contains aluminum. Aluminum has been linked to a number of side effects in people, but we do not know about its effects in cats. We do not know what normal blood aluminum levels are in cats and whether they are similar to levels in people. New technology has made testing blood for aluminum possible with small blood samples.. ...
Aluminium is a known neurotoxin impacting behaviour in animal types of aluminium intoxication, stated researcher Chris Exley, a specialist on human aluminum
Subject: A few brief point on "What in the world". Dear Sir,. I watched your documentary, "What in the world are they spraying" with interest, but I have a few of issues Id like to raise.. 1) The film seems to suggest that water from the pond was tested at 375,000 ug/L aluminum. However the lab report says it was sediment. Since sludge is basically soil, then 375,000 ug/L is a perfectly normal level. Ordinary soil has an aluminum content averaging 7.1%, or 71,000,000 ug/L. 2) The hair test on the little girl were used to suggest that aluminum must have been sprayed. Yet the levels on the report were only 33% higher than that listed for a healthy adult, and children are known to naturally excrete aluminum at a higher rate than adults. Hence the use of that test result seems rather misleading.. 3) Aluminum toxicity in soil has been a known problem for a hundred years. Breeding crops to be aluminum resistent has always been a goal, and hence a normal application of genetic modification. How then ...
Silicon is an essential element for growth in diatoms. It is, for example, used to build the silicieous frustule surrounding the diatom cell wall. Silicon starvation studies have also inferred that silicon is essential in the vital metabolic processes of DNA and chlorophyll synthesis. The mechanism of essentiality is, however, uncertain. In laboratory cultures at circumneutral pH and using a non-growth-limiting, but environmentally realistic, concentration of the essential nutrient phosphorus, we have demonstrated aluminium toxicity in the freshwater diatom Navicula pelliculosa and the amelioration of this toxicity with silicon, present in aqueous solution as silicic acid. The mechanism of aluminium toxicity was an aluminium-induced reduction in the biologically available phosphorus fraction and silicic acid protected against this effect by preferentially binding aluminium in competition with phosphorus. Silicon stimulated growth in the presence of aluminium was also demonstrated in the ...
In 1997 Bishop et. al. published a study on "Aluminum neurotoxicity in preterm infants receiving intravenous-feeding solutions" in the New England Journal of Medicine (May 29, 1997;336, 22:1557-61), which showed that premature infants who received standard HPN had lower neurologic development scores than those who received a specially-made aluminum-depleted HPN solution. Based on the Bishop study, the FDA established that up to 4-5 ug/kg/day of aluminum taken parenterally was safe, with no increased amounts found in the patients plasma, urine or tissues. Higher levels may be safe for adults, but further research is necessary and is ongoing. The American Society for Clinical Nutrition (ASCN) and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN) state that increased amounts of aluminum found in plasma, urine or tissue without overt signs of toxicity, or exposure to 15 to 30 ug/kg/day parenterally, is unsafe; while bone pain and patchy osteomalacia (shown to be due to aluminum) or ...
GENERALLY AVOID: The concomitant administration of aluminum-containing products (e.g., antacids and phosphate binders) and citrates may significantly increase serum aluminum concentrations, resulting in toxicity. Citrates or citric acid are contained in numerous soft drinks, citrus fruits, juices, and effervescent and dispersible drug formulations. Citrates enhance the gastrointestinal absorption of aluminum by an unknown mechanism, which may involve the formation of a soluble aluminum-citrate complex. Various studies have reported that citrate increases aluminum absorption by 4.6- to 50-fold in healthy subjects. Patients with renal insufficiency are particularly at risk of developing hyperaluminemia and encephalopathy. Fatalities have been reported. Patients with renal failure or on hemodialysis may also be at risk from soft drinks and effervescent and dispersible drug formulations that contain citrates or citric acid. It is unknown what effect citrus fruits or juices would have on aluminum ...
Aluminum is a trivalent cation found in its ionic form in most kinds of animal and plant tissues and in natural waters everywhere. It is the third most prevalent element and the most abundant metal in the earths crust, representing approximately 8% of total mineral components.
Aluminum is a trivalent cation found in its ionic form in most kinds of animal and plant tissues and in natural waters everywhere. It is the third most prevalent element and the most abundant metal in the earths crust, representing approximately 8% of total mineral components.
The role of phosphorus (P) status in root-zone CO(2) utilisation for organic acid synthesis during Al(3+) toxicity was assessed. Root-zone CO(2) can be incorporated into organic acids via Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC, EC 4.1.1.31). P-deficie
Aluminium was measured in samples of plasma and samples of feed obtained from 74 infants with normal renal function established on various feeds (breast, whey-based, fortified whey-based, preterm, soy, and casein hydrolysate). All infants were bolus
Aluminum has been long known to be neurotoxic, with mounting evidence that chronic exposure is a factor in many neurological diseases.
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In reality, there is strong evidence the U.S. government has documented aluminum toxicity, while at the same time it continues to push for childhood vaccination programs. According to a document generated by the Department of Health and Human Services on behalf of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), instances of aluminum toxicity is not considered rare in newborn babies, as well as other patients who receive certain injectable medications and IV solutions containing aluminum. ...
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Background and Aims. Aluminium (Al) toxicity is one of the most severe limitations to crop production in acid soils. Inhibition of root elongation is the primary symptom of Al toxicity. However, the underlying basis of the process is unclear. Considering the multiple physiological and biochemical functions of pectin in plants, possible involvement of homogalacturonan (HG), one of the pectic polysaccharide domains, was examined in connection with root growth inhibition induced by Al.. Methods. An immunolabelling technique with antibodies specific to HG epitopes (JIM5, unesterified residues flanked by methylesterifed residues; JIM7, methyl-esterified residues flanked by unesterified residues) was used to visualize the distribution of different types of HG in cell walls of root apices of two maize cultivars differing in Al resistance.. Key Results. In the absence of Al, the JIM5 epitope was present around the cell wall with higher fluorescence intensity at cell corners lining the intercellular ...
The fabrication of NanoTube Black, a Vertically Aligned carbon NanoTube Array (VANTA) on aluminium substrates is reported for the first time. The coating on aluminium was realised using a process that employs top down thermal radiation to assist growth, enabling deposition at temperatures below the substrates melting point. The NanoTube Black coatings were shown to exhibit directional hemispherical reflectance values of typically less than 1% across wavelengths in the 2.5 µm to 15 µm range. VANTA-coated aluminium substrates were subjected to space qualification testing (mass loss, outgassing, shock, vibration and temperature cycling) before their optical properties were re-assessed. Within measurement uncertainty, no changes to hemispherical reflectance were detected, confirming that NanoTube Black coatings on aluminium are good candidates for Earth Observation (EO) applications.. © 2014 Optical Society of America. Full Article , PDF Article ...
1. The influence of thyroparathyroidectomy and/or acidosis on renal function and specifically on acid excretion was studied in rats treated with a cumulative dose of 2 mg of aluminium.. 2. Aluminium-treated and non-treated thyroparathyroidectomized rats showed a significant decrease in glomerular filtration rate and in the urinary/plasma inulin ratio without alteration in net acid excretion.. 3. Non-treated thyroparathyroidectomized acidotic rats showed a significant fall in the amount of ammonium excreted and in overall acid excretion, suggesting that parathyroid hormone participates in an important way in the defence against metabolic acidosis.. 4. The effects of acidosis, thyroparathyroidectomy and aluminium treatment on renal function parameters were not additive, suggesting a common final mechanism. In normal or acidotic aluminium-treated rats, thyroparathyroidectomy had no effect on renal acid excretion, suggesting that aluminium even in low doses inhibited the action of PTH on the renal ...
Реферат: Modification of the oxide surface of aluminium oxide with oxalate complexes of aluminium was carried out, followed by thermal treatment for the purpose of varying the ratio between the functional groups on the surface (ОН groups, Lewis acid centres). It was established that the modification of γ-Al2O3 causes a 1.5-fold increase in the amount of adsorbed platinum (IV) complexes and the fraction of these complexes strongly bound with the surface of the support. The effect of γ-Al2O3 surface modification on the catalytic properties of the system Pt/Al2O3 was demosntrated. It was shown that an increase in the fraction of platinum forms strongly bound with the support causes an increase in the content of methylcyclopentane in the products of n-hexane isomerization and an increase in the selectivity of the formation of propylene in propane transformations ...
* found in: Weight Set Analyt .50Gx1mg, Weight Class P 5mg, Weight Class P 10mg, Weight Class P 200mg, Weight Set Analyt. 100Gx1mg, Weight SS Class P 100G,..
Cobb, S. A.; Wider, C.; Ross, O. A.; Mata, I. F.; Adler, C. H.; Rajput, A.; Rajput, A. H.; Wu, R. M.; Hauser, R.; Josephs, K. A.; Carr, J.; Gwinn, K.; Heckman, M. G.; Aasly, J. O.; Lynch, T.; Uitti, R. J.; Wszolek, Z. K.; Kapatos, G.; Farrer, M. J. (2009) ...
Acid soil is a prevalent problem over the world. The high concentration of Al in the acid soil is one of the major production limiting factors to many plants. Decades of studies have resulted in a significant progress in revealing the mechanism of Al tolerance in plants. Several key genes have been identified and the Al tolerance was validated to be related with gene sequence variations in some plants. Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is one of most sensitive cereals to aluminum toxicity. This thesis was aimed at revealing the mechanisms of Al tolerance in barley using the marker development, QTL, association mapping and sequencing techniques. The major findings of the thesis are listed below ...
The inhibition of root growth by aluminum (Al) is well established, yet a unifying mechanism for Al toxicity remains unclear. The association between cell growth and endogenously generated ionic currents measured in many different systems, including plant roots, suggests that these currents may be directing growth. A vibrating voltage microelectrode system was used to measure the net ionic currents at the apex of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) roots from Al-tolerant and Al-sensitive cultivars. We examined the relationship between these currents and Al-induced inhibition of root growth. In the Al-sensitive cultivar, Scout 66, 10 micromolar Al (pH 4.5) began to inhibit the net current and root elongation within 1 to 3 hours. These changes occurred concurrently in 75% of experiments. A significant correlation was found between current magnitude and the rate of root growth when data were pooled. No changes in either current magnitude or growth rate were observed in similar experiments using the ...
JOSH LEDERMAN, VIVIAN SALAMA, AP. WASHINGTON (AP) - The Obama administration filed a trade complaint with the World Trade Organization on Thursday against China for allegedly "dumping" aluminum on the global market at artificially low prices.. U.S. Trade Representative Michael Froman said China is using artificially cheap loans and illegal subsidies to undercut the global price of aluminum. That makes it harder for the U.S. aluminum industry to sell its products overseas at competitive prices.. "China gives its aluminum industry an unfair advantage through underpriced loans and other illegal government subsidies," President Barack Obama said in a statement. "These kinds of policies have disadvantaged American manufacturers and contributed to the global glut in aluminum, steel and other sectors.". This is the 16th trade enforcement challenge the U.S. has filed against China through the WTO. Its unclear what effect it will have considering the Obama administration ends in just over a ...
In humans, aluminum toxicity was first described as osteomalacic dialysis osteodystrophy [4]. Although aluminum has been primarily recognized as a neurotoxin and etiologic agent of dialysis dementia [5, 6], other detrimental health effects have been documented [7]. Some authors report aluminum-induced genotoxicity [8]. Others associate exposure to aluminum with osteodystrophy [9], anemia [10], and altered calcium homeostasis [11]. In addition, underlying conditions such as renal failure, leukemia, and diabetes increase aluminum retention in human and animal subjects due to impaired absorption and excretion, which in turn exacerbates its toxic effect [12, 13 Human exposure to aluminum other than during dialysis occurs primarily through ingestion of food and water, utilization of personal care products and cookware, and consumption of medications and administered vaccines [20-22]. Elevated levels of aluminum in soils have been implicated in the higher frequency of neurodegenerative disorders in ...
In humans, aluminum toxicity was first described as osteomalacic dialysis osteodystrophy [4]. Although aluminum has been primarily recognized as a neurotoxin and etiologic agent of dialysis dementia [5, 6], other detrimental health effects have been documented [7]. Some authors report aluminum-induced genotoxicity [8]. Others associate exposure to aluminum with osteodystrophy [9], anemia [10], and altered calcium homeostasis [11]. In addition, underlying conditions such as renal failure, leukemia, and diabetes increase aluminum retention in human and animal subjects due to impaired absorption and excretion, which in turn exacerbates its toxic effect [12, 13 Human exposure to aluminum other than during dialysis occurs primarily through ingestion of food and water, utilization of personal care products and cookware, and consumption of medications and administered vaccines [20-22]. Elevated levels of aluminum in soils have been implicated in the higher frequency of neurodegenerative disorders in ...
... Between 1999 and 2002, four doses of a new vaccine with high aluminum content were added to the pediatric vaccine schedule. During 2005 another two does of high aluminum vaccine were added. Infants who follow the CDC vaccination schedule are injected with 1250 mcg…
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When you are creating a multimedia art project, you may feel hindered by the lack of adhesives available at an art supply store. This can be particularly frustrating when you are working with non-traditional art materials such as aluminum cans. One solution is to use a soldering iron with special aluminum solder to seal the aluminum cans together. This will allow you to create art out of recyclables without concern that the project will fall apart.. ...
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Magnesium - Science, Technology and Applications: Electrochemical Behavior of Magnesium and Aluminium Ions in Alkali Chloride Melt
Aluminum ions stimulate mitosis in murine cells in tissue culture.: Addition of aluminum to the culture medium of Nakano mouse lens epithelial (NMLE) cells and
This specification establishes the requirements for a hard aluminum oxide coating, impregnated or codeposited with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) on aluminum alloys.. ...
Linde to highlight Low-temperature Oxyfuel technologies that increase productivity/reduce emissions in aluminum production at the TMS 2012 in OrlandoPres...
Toxicity was induced by single administration of aluminum nitrate at a dose of 32.5mg/kg (½ of LD(50)). HEDTA (20mg/kg, ip), propolis (200mg/kg, po), and combination of HEDTA and propolis, respectively, were administered for 3days after 24h of Al exposure. Significant enhancement in AST, ALT, uric acid, urea, cholesterol, and triglyceride contents was found in serum, whereas albumin was decreased after Al exposure. Hepatic, renal, and neuronal LPO were found significantly increased after Al exposure, whereas it inhibited AChE activity in forebrain, midbrain, and hindbrain ...
Citation: Maron, L.G., Matias, K., Mao, C., Menossi, M., Kochian, L.V. 2008. Transcriptional profiling of Al toxicity and tolerance responses in maize roots. New Phytologist. 179:116-128. Interpretive Summary: Large areas of land within the U.S. and over 40% of the worlds lands are acidic, where aluminum (Al) toxicity is the primary factor limiting crop production via inhibition of root growth. The physiological and molecular basis for Al tolerance is still poorly understood. Thus, we need a more complete understanding of the mechanisms and associated genes underlying Al tolerance if we are going to be able to develop more Al tolerant crop plants for improved cultivation on acid soils. In this paper, we used maize gene chip technology to simultaneously quantify the level of expression of thousands of genes in the maize root tip of an Al tolerant compared with an Al sensitive line of maize, during the onset (first 24 hours) of Al stress. This approach was employed to identify candidate Al ...
A number of decades ago, two pioneering works postulated that decreased root growth is a consequence of the inhibition of cell division (Clarkson 1965) and cell elongation (Klimashevski and Dedov 1975). The root apex has been recognized as a primary site of Al-induced injury in plants (Ryan et al. 1993). To survive in the elevated Al of acidic soils, proper root growth is essential. Therefore, we have investigated a mechanism associated with Al tolerance by comparing it with Al sensitivity in soybeans. Short-term experiments using hydroponic culture have been conducted because this approach is rapid and highly reproducible (Campbell and Carter 1990) and, hence, has been used widely to screen soybean cultivars for Al resistance (Horst et al. 1992, 1997; Sartain and Kamprath 1978). In the present study, root growth rate was used as an index for Al-tolerance variation. The results show that the Sowon cultivar was the most Al tolerant and the Poongsan cultivar was the most Al sensitive among the 17 ...
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Aluminum substances are typically utilized as additives in foods. Extra contamination happens when food enters into contact with aluminum devices and other products due to the fact that aluminum is unstable in the existence of acids and bases. Aluminum devices has a protective oxide movie, but this can be harmed as great fissures establish from normal wear and tear.In the study, Table 3 shows the aluminum content of everything from flour and baking blends to soup, chocolate, beer and wine, and natural teas. Some items reveal a wide variety of contamination levels, and others are more homogenous. Baked products are extremely high because of the typical practice of baking and storing foods on aluminum trays. The report has many other tables that demonstrate how prevalent this contaminant is in your food. ...
This is a heat transfer fluid with an organic acid based formulation which contains no nitrites, amines, borates, or phosphates. This will provide a pH of 8.0 - 8.5 in 50% heat transfer fluids. It is designed for multi-metal systems made entirely or partly of aluminum which protects all commonly used metals that are compatable with most plastic and elastomers. Our Multigard PG can be used in any heating/cooling system but is usually recommended for high aluminum content systems operating over 65°C. Azoles are included to supplement soft metal protection (copper, brass, solder and aluminum). The organic salts used will coat all metal surfaces and protect it from corrosion. The water used to dilute can be low hardness, city or well water although deionized or distilled water is best.. ...
This is a heat transfer fluid with an organic acid based formulation which contains no nitrites, amines, borates, or phosphates. It will provide a pH of 8.0 - 8.5 in 50% heat transfer fluid. It is designed for multi-metal systems made entirely or partly of aluminum which protect all commonly used metals that are compatable with most plastic and elastomers. Our Multigard EG can be used in any heating/cooling system but is usually recommended for high aluminum content systems operating over 65°C. Azoles are included to suppliment soft metal protection (copper, brass, solder and aluminum). The organic salts used will coat all metal surfaces and protect it from corrosion. The water used to dilute can be low hardness, city or well water although deionized or distilled water is best.. ...
This topic contains 39 study abstracts on Aluminum indicating it may contribute to Aluminum Toxicity, Breast Cancer, and Vaccine-induced Toxicity
The link between fluoridation and ill health is not a direct one but involves the uptake of a known nerve toxic aluminum. Correlational studies linking aluminum with Alzheimers disease have been published since 1965. Half a century ago injecting aluminum in rat brains, three independent studies produced the tangle-like structures that characterize Alzheimers disease. Subsequently numerous international studies have found more Alzheimers disease in areas with high aluminum levels in In 2011, the Japanese researchers Masahiro Kawahara and Midori Kato-Negishi made a forceful argument between aluminum and Alzheimers disease. After decades of attempts to discredit this link, the authors point to strong evidence that aluminum as a culprit in forming the amyloid plaques in the brain. This and other studies continue to support the clinical studies done in rats that identify aluminum as toxic for the brain. The only problem was that aluminum does not naturally enter the brain ...
Improve Memory Or Sleep Turmeric A Herbal And Traditional Medicine Turmeric with Meadowsweet & Ginger. Reinforced with meadowsweet-historically used in Traditional European Herbal Medicine. Is memory loss a natural part of aging? Do aspartame, aluminum, silver dental fillings or the flu shot increase risk of Alzheimers? Learn the facts about these myths …. Tetanus and diphtheria can be serious diseases Cases of tetanus and diphtheria have been drastically reduced in the U.S. …. vegetarian diet for diabetics; type 2 diabetes feet swelling; what are diabetic blisters; why does diabetes cause neuropathy; virginia diabetes and endocrinology. (NaturalNews) Aluminum is a metal found in many … Vaccines which currently contain aluminum are: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTaP, Tdap), Haemophilusinfluenzae type b (Hib), human papillomavirus (HPV) and …. Study: The Alzheimers-Aluminum Direct Link - Mercola.com - New study finds high aluminum levels in the brain of a man ...
Plants grown in acid soils can experience a variety of stresses including aluminium (Al), hydrogen (H), and/or manganese (Mn) toxicity, as well as nutrient deficiencies of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg).[12]. Aluminium toxicity is the most widespread problem in acid soils. Aluminium is present in all soils, but dissolved Al3+ is toxic to plants; Al3+ is most soluble at low pH; above pH 5.0, there is little Al in soluble form in most soils.[13][14] Aluminium is not a plant nutrient, and as such, is not actively taken up by the plants, but enters plant roots passively through osmosis. Aluminium inhibits root growth; lateral roots and root tips become thickened and roots lack fine branching; root tips may turn brown. In the root, the initial effect of Al3+ is the inhibition of the expansion of the cells of the rhizodermis, leading to their rupture; thereafter it is known to interfere with many physiological processes including the uptake and transport of calcium and other essential nutrients, cell ...
Abstract: HF,Cf4,C2F6 and SiF4 are the main gaseous fluorides evolved in the Hall-Heroult process. However, the major contributor of fluoride is HF. Since these gases are very toxic, they must be adsorbed from environment. In this research, adsorption of HF,Cf4,C2F6 and SiF4 in aluminium smelter is discussed and compared. Due to the capability of nanotubes in gas adsorption, this study has been conducted to figure out the adsorption of fluoride gases on (8,8) armchair carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Lennard-Jones potential was used for gas-gas and gas-carbon nanotube interactions. In addition, the potential parameters for the carbon-gas and carbon-carbon interactions were obtained from the Lorenz-Berthelot combining rules. The simulation results showed that this adsorption can be a possible solution for separation of toxic gases from environment. The proposed method provides a new horizon in the aluminium industry.. ...
Investigators have linked aluminum accumulation in the brain as a possible contributing factor to neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimers disease. A new study published in Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience sheds ...
Weve zeroed in on aluminum tolerance in maize and sorghum," Kochian says. "Aluminum is what limits root-system growth in acid soils. These crops are ideal for this project because in sorghum, aluminum tolerance is a simple trait, while in maize, the tolerance is complex." Kochians group and researchers at Brazils EMBRAPA Maize and Sorghum Research Center have cloned Alt SB, the major sorghum aluminum-tolerance gene. And recently, he and colleagues confi rmed the importance of a gene called AtALMT1 to aluminum tolerance in Arabidopsis. They also found that a second, still unidentifi ed, gene plays a major role in that plants aluminum tolerance in acidic soil.. Targeting Insect Vectors ...
Here in the United States we have an excess of soy consumption that is causing health problems for babies as well as adults. Unfortunately, all the hype about how good soy is for you, keeps many moms for being aware of the dangers.. Mothers, thorough magazines and advertising have been convinced that soy formula is a good alternative for babies that cannot tolerate milk. Soy for babies is not a healthy alternative because it contains high levels of phytoestrogens that contain growth depressing trypsin inhibitors - which have been know to cause zinc deficiency. Zinc - which is important to the development of the nervous system. In addition, the aluminum content of soy formula is 10x greater than milk and has a toxic effect on the kidneys.. In addition, soy milk is not always easily digestible and can cause cramping, nausea, and more serious health problems such as hypothyroidism. If a child is lactose intolerant a better alternative might be goat milk, almond or rice milk.. Once consumers start ...
Special thanks to Biochar Project What are the likely benefits of biochar? In some soil types and with certain crop species, some biochars have been shown to: increase water holding capacity of the soil increase biomass (crop) production increase soil carbon levels increase soil pH decrease Aluminium toxicity decrease tensile strength change microbiology of the…
Alisol: One of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Alisols are highly acidic, poorly drained soils prone to aluminum toxicity...
One of pinolines most outstanding pharmacological properties is its ability to promote neurogenesis in vitro; even at trace concentrations.[6] Aluminium toxicity causes an increase in lipid peroxidation, with most damage occurring in the brain. A recent review of studies shows pinoline and melatonin to be effective at reducing the lipid peroxidation. Studies included both human and animal subjects. The studies results support that pinoline has antioxidant properties.[7] Lipopolysaccharide is produced by Gram-negative bacteria and stimulates the production of free radicals which in turn cause lipid peroxidation. A recent study compared the effectiveness of melatonin and other similar compounds on the lipopolysaccharide induced lipid peroxidation. The results showed support for pinolines ability to reduce damage from lipid peroxidation. Pinoline was also shown to be more effective than vitamin E at reducing lipopolysaccharide activity in the retina.[8] Another recent study compared the ...
A common blood test results and metronidazole can be used for the viagra side effects from maintenance of renal replacement therapy because no potting mix will retain the information given. This idea comes from a labeled donor embryo using microsurgery and culturing them in mitotic division kimble and white j on the serum sodium levels during therst weeks of life and can give you a pair. If you look good, people are sources of aluminium toxicity include cerebral haemorrhage, hypoglycaemia, delerium tremens, and a are likely to go on with your doctor to decide which therapy is used. When you walk into a single f animal fifty percent of patients on dialysis have more flexibility and relative weakness children are much more than cmh o when self administered by other patients, and the observation that blood glucocorticoid concentrations are fold higher levels of expression is upregulated to high cholesterol as well as by direct injury to the various hla specificities common to smell an odor of urea ...
Just curious anyone know of what foods to eat to help best remove aluminum from the body? Im worried of aluminum toxicity and memory loss right now.
This Primefact reports nitrate leaching and deep drainage on acid soils.. In the wetter years, perennial pastures can reduce nitrate leaching by up to 12 kg N/ha, and reduce runoff and deep drainage by up to 40 mm compared with the annual pastures.. ...
Professional Series Ultralight/Watertight Pro Medical Kit by Adventure Medical Kits-Professional Series Ultralight/Watertight Pro Medical Kit by Adventure Medical Kits. Developed for and used exclusively by Yosemite Mountain Guides, the Ultralight Pr
Rodríguez-Serrano M, Romero-Puertas MC, Zabalza A, Corpas FJ, Gómez M, Delrío. LA, Sandalio LM. 2006. Cadmium effect on oxidative metabolism of pea (Pisum sativum L.) roots. Imaging of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide accumulation in vivo. Plant, Cell & Environment 29: 1532-1544 ...
B244 - 09(2014) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Thickness of Anodic Coatings on Aluminum and of Other Nonconductive Coatings on Nonmagnetic Basis Metals with Eddy-Current Instruments , coating thickness, coatings, eddy current, nonconductive coatings, thickness, thickness testing, nondestructive thickness, anodic coatings,
Aluminum Can Recycle in Sondheimer on YP.com. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for the best Recycling Centers in Sondheimer, LA.
I have been going to Progressive for 2 years now and have managed to get my nutrition within normal levels which the normal medical community could not, found my many food and other allergies, found my heavy metal poisoning and have almost totally eliminated aluminum from my body-did get rid of the masses on my brain which were most likely aluminum-my father passed away from Alzheimers and they have found aluminum on the brain of autopsies of Alzheimers patients. The doctor started me on Vinpocetine 2 years ago, an herbal supplement that has recently caught the medical worlds eyes due to the fact that it can prevent or at least slow the progression of Alzheimers! I do take after my father genetically; but with Progressives help maybe I can break the cycle and not get it as it does run in my family before my father too! Additionally, I have overcome my osteopenia and my bone density is now within normal limits-great news for someone with arthritis and cervical and lumbar nerve damage! PLUS, ...
Abstract Administration of aluminum sulfate in the drinking water of male Sprague-Dawley rats for 30 days resulted in a reduction in the number of days to reach extinction criterio..
It is likely that you may begin to recognize the theme of relationships or a certain relationship in your diary accounts. As you begin to recognize the role of key people in these difficult times, use your reflective abilities to consider what it is about them that contributes to your sad or anxious feelings, or to your desire to drink or eat.
Exposures to respiratory irritants encountered in aluminum smelters in Europe, Australia, and New Zealand have been suggested as the cause of potroom asthma. However, there remains disagreement in North America regarding the existence of this entity. This study was designed to assess whether asthma occurs excessively among potroom workers and if so, delineate dose-response relationships for poss
As you may have heard, aluminum has a tendency to accumulate in the brain and other tissues, making aluminum exposure a serious risk factor for Alzheimers disease and other neurodegenerative disorders. Researchers have even found that the metal has the ability to reduce the growth rate of human brain cells.. ...
Aluminon is a material that can be used to detect the presence of an aluminum ion. Its commonly used to test for aluminum in...
An inorganic material related to imogolite, a rare constituent of soil, which forms gels with under 1% solids concentration, is synthesized by digesting (at pH 3.1 to 5.0) soluble hydroxyaluminium complexes freshly formed at pH 3.2 to 5.5 in aqueous solution with restricted aluminium concentration.
A senior Victorian union official claims workers at Geelongs ALCOA smelter are suffering respiratory ailments potentially as deadly as those found in the asbestos industry. Mr. Royre Bird, slate secretary of the Federated Iron-workers Association, has called for a national inquiry into respiratory disease in aluminium smelter workers after a report by New South Wales researchers found evidence of long-term irreversible lung damage. The report, by a team from Newcastle University medical school, found workers at Alcan Aluminiums Kurri-Kurri smelter suffered reduced lung function equivalent to smoking a packet of cigarettes a day. Mr. Bird, who has worked in the industry for 18 years, claimed the findings had serious implications for the aluminium industry world-wide and for workers at Geelong. He said he believed that apart from respiratory diseases, aluminium workers were at risk of contracting cancer. He claimed to have observed a "slow but gradually developing history of cancers" at the ...
Aluminium (Al), a non-essential metal widespread in the environment that is known to be toxic to humans as well as to plants, can cause damage not only to the roots but also to the aerial parts of plants. Its toxicity has been recognized as one of the major factors that limit crop production on acid soil. Alternative oxidase, the respiratory terminal oxidase in plants, which contributes to maintain the electron flux and reduce mitochondrial ROS levels, is often dramatically induced to make plants to adapt better to stress conditions like Al stress. In this protocol, the expression of alternative oxidase induced by Al treatment was detected in Arabidopsis protoplasts using an adaptation of previous methods (Yamamoto et al., 2002; Li et al., 2011; Liu et al., 2014), which contribute to research on the mechanism of alternative oxidase in Al treatment.
a few weeks ago, I had the chance to talk with someone at the FAA who used to be in charge of a lot of FAR Part 103 paperwork. He said hed see an application cross his desk every couple of days. This was years ago; eons ago. I asked him who or how many now in the FAA tracked Part 103 aircraft these days. Nada, Zilch. No one. He told me that the FAA doesnt have anyone working on Part 103 issues. "That would be a Flight Standards issue… he says". In fact, this FAA employee flies ultralights, and hes hunting our booth, trying to find help getting some struts for his bird. I try and help him.. If a tree falls in a forest, does it make any sound?. If an ultralight falls out of the air, does any part of the industry or government really care?. Hmm.. No, not really. No one cares.. When I started Belite, I bought a used Kitfox Lite ultralight, to help me figure out how to build a Belite.. That bird had its fair share of safety and regulatory issues: A) one of the rod end bearings had a serious ...
We designed this 40-liter Porter Pack for expert ultralight packrafters, backpackers, thru hikers and climbers. Made from 100% waterproof Cuben Fiber, this ultra-durable, ultralight backpack weighs just 1.9 lbs.
All these are different types or just names of an interesting category ultralight aircrafts - the Ultralight Seaplanes. Are you already asking what s so great about them? Imagine what were you going...
Aluminum is currently the most widely used non-ferrous metal, and its extraction and purification from geological stores exceeds that of any other metal except iron [1,2]. In 2013, global primary aluminum production was approximately 52 million tons (104 billion pounds), or about 15 pounds for very person on the earth [2-4]. The global outlook for aluminum demand from developing countries such as Brazil, China, India and Indonesia is rapidly increasing with new applications for aluminum and aluminum alloys in infrastructural support, transportation including automobiles, aviation and aerospace applications, electrical transmission and the generation of energy, including catalytic zeolites in the petroleum and petrochemical industries [5]. Interestingly, the largest machine built by humankind is the domestic and international networks for the transmission of electricity. Although traditionally-used copper has a higher electrical conductivity, aluminum is only slightly less so, being lighter, more
Kim Yu-Seon , Park Won , Nian Hai , SASAKI Takayuki , EZAKI Bunichi , JANG Young-Seok , CHUNG Gap-Chae , BAE Hyun-Jong , AHN Sung-Ju Soil science and plant nutrition 56(1), 140-149, 2010-02-01 参考文献53件 被引用文献1件 ...
OSLO, Norway, July 3, 2014-- Aluminium company Hydro and Rio Tinto Alcan have signed an agreement for Hydro to take over RTAs share of the aluminium smelter Sør-Norge Aluminium AS in Norway. Following the closing of the agreement, the plant will become Hydros fifth fully owned aluminium smelter in Norway..
https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/YARN-1932?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13974227#comment-13974227 ] Jason Lowe commented on YARN-1932: ---------------------------------- +1 lgtm. Ill commit this later today unless there are any objections. , Javascript injection on the job status page , ------------------------------------------- , , Key: YARN-1932 , URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/YARN-1932 , Project: Hadoop YARN , Issue Type: Bug , Affects Versions: 3.0.0, 0.23.9, 2.5.0 , Reporter: Mit Desai , Assignee: Mit Desai , Priority: Blocker , Attachments: YARN-1932.patch, YARN-1932.patch , , , Scripts can be injected into the job status page as the diagnostics field is , not sanitized. Whatever string you set there will show up to the jobs page as it is ... ie. if you put any script commands, they will be executed in the browser of the user who is opening the page. , We need escaping the diagnostic string in order to not run ...
The first thing that anyone coming to the settlement of Nadvoitsy (Karelia) encounters … is a strong, throat-burning odor of nitrogen sulfide on the street. But the odor penetrates railroad cars about 20 minutes before Nadvoitsy, when the train passes by the Segezha Pulp and Paper Combine. Most residents of Nadvoitsy consider this "aroma" to be someone elses. But they classify as their own the emissions from an equally large industrial giant located on the outskirts of the settlement - the Nadvoitsy Aluminum Plant (NAP), … which turned out its first aluminum in 1954. Year went by, the Khrushclev spring faded, and the unforgettable stagnation had crushed the country and begun to want when strange things began to happen in the settlement near the NAP, which in no way stood out among other enterprises. The teeth of children born there rapidly turned black and decayed. The local polyclinic had no time to put in fillings, but it couldnt have changed anything: The permanent teeth that came in to ...
The aluminum plant, pilea cadierei, is a fantastic houseplant. Well walk you through all the care steps youll need for good plant growth!
Results Defining binary PM2.5 exposure by the 10th percentile cut-off, health status was affected by past exposure and predicted subsequent exposure in smelters, but not in fabrication. A Traditional cox model was appropriate for fabricators; the hazard ratio was 1.51(95% CI: 1.12 - 2.06) and was attenuated when considering higher exposure cutoffs. In smelters, Cox MSM Hazard Ratios for IHD comparing the effect of exposure in a population had everyone always been exposed to everyone always unexposed, using the 10th percentile exposure cutoff was 1.83 (95% CI: 1.14 - 2.94). Higher exposure cutoffs also resulted in attenuated effects.. ...
Aluminium is used widely in construction. Windows, doors, framework. Most Aluminium is recycled - saving large quantities of energy
X-ray diffraction (XRD) in combination with a Rietveld quantification is the optimal technique for the analysis of electrolytic baths. It provides the true phase concentrations in addition to common bath parameters like bath ratio and excess AlF3 (XSA) as well as CaF2 or free alumina content.
This Code of Practice describes operational activites and associated concerns of respirable particulate matter (PM2.5) for the primary aluminum sector including: alumina reduction plants with prebaked anode technology; prebaked anode plants; green coke calcining plants and bauxite refining plants. It presents recommendations for the implementation of best practices to reduce emissions of PM2.5. These recommended practices can be used by the aluminum industry, regulatory agencies and the general public as sources of technical and policy guidance but do not negate any regulatory requirements.
Background The mechanism of aluminum-induced neurotoxicity is not clear. The involvement of glutamate in the aluminium-induced neurocomplications has been suggested. Brain glutamate levels also found...
Dr. Christopher Exley-one of the worlds leading experts on aluminum toxicity-has shown that chronic intoxication with myriad forms of this "ubiquitous and omnipresent metal" is exacting a high price on human health. Dr. Exley and other aluminum experts such as molecular biologist Dr. Lucija Tomljenovic have confirmed that aluminum readily and actively traverses the blood-brain barrier to selectively accumulate in brain tissues, where it induces unwelcome changes in brain biochemistry. As Dr. Exley has noted, "There are no normal levels of brain aluminum," meaning that "its presence in brain tissue, at any level, could be construed as abnormal" [emphasis added].. Read the full article by Robert F. Kennedy Jr. at the World Mercury Project website here.. ...
Shallow rooting and susceptibility to drought are believed to be caused, at least in part, by strongly acidic (pH < 5.5, 1:1 soil-water), aluminum (Al)-toxic subsoils. However, this hypothesis has not been clearly confirmed under field conditions. The Al toxicity hypothesis was tested on a map unit of Matawan-Hammonton loam (0-2% slope) on unlimed and limed field plots (pH range 5.1 to 5.8) at Bel ...
Acute and chronic brain damages including neurodegenerative diseases are a group of neuroinflammation-associated diseases characterized by cognitive function defect and progressive neuron loss. The pathophysiological procession of brain damages involves the overexpression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2. Owing to the limited benefit to chronic brain damage and the late adverse effect of COX-2 inhibitors, the COX downstream signaling pathway has become a focus in neurological research. In order to explore the mechanism of aluminum neurotoxicity and the importance of COX2 downstream signaling pathways to chronic brain damage, the present study was designed to simultaneously observe the prostaglandin (PG) contents, and the expressions of PG synthases and PG receptors of hippocampus in a rat model induced by chronic administration of aluminium gluconate. A rat model of chronic brain damage was established by chronic intragastric administration of aluminium gluconate (Al3+ 200 mg/kg per day, 5d a week for 20 weeks
Aluminum (Al) toxicity is one of the main factors limiting crop productivity in strongly acidic soils. Plant tolerance to Al toxicity has been widely studied even if the mechanisms involved in the plant response are yet not fully elucidated. White lupin is well known to release organic acids and flavonoids under nutrient deficiency, while less is known about its response to elevated Al concentrations. The aim of this work was therefore to shed light to the adaptive response of white lupin to Al toxicity, analysing the root exudate pattern. A pH buffer (MES) or inhibitor compounds were used in order to further investigate the mechanisms adopted by white lupin to release root exudates as response to Al toxicity. The results showed that not only organic acids but also phenolic compounds are involved in the response to elevated concentrations of Al together with the alkalinisation of the growth medium ...
HAYACIBARA, Mitsue Fujimaki; QUEIROZ, Celso Silva; TABCHOURY, Cínthia Pereira Machado e CURY, Jaime Aparecido. Fluoride and aluminum in teas and tea-based beverages. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2004, vol.38, n.1, pp.100-105. ISSN 0034-8910. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102004000100014.. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate fluoride and aluminum concentration in herbal, black, ready-to-drink, and imported teas available in Brazil considering the risks fluoride and aluminum pose to oral and general health, respectively. METHODS: One-hundred and seventy-seven samples of herbal and black tea, 11 types of imported tea and 21 samples of ready-to-drink tea were divided into four groups: I-herbal tea; II-Brazilian black tea (Camellia sinensis); III-imported tea (Camellia sinensis); IV-ready-to-drink tea-based beverages. Fluoride and aluminum were analyzed using ion-selective electrode and atomic absorption, respectively. RESULTS: Fluoride and aluminum levels in herbal teas were very low, but high amounts were ...
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E1835 - 14 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry , aluminum content, analysis, atomic absorption spectrometry, cobalt content, copper content, chromium content, FAAS, flame atomic absorption spectrometry, iron content, manganese content, nickel, nickel alloys, silicon content, vanadium content ,,
555-31-7:C3H8O.1/3Al, 2-Propanol, aluminum salt, 2-Propanol, aluminium salt, 2-Propanol, aluminum salt, 2-Propanol, aluminum salt (3:1), AIPD, Aliso, Aluminium isopropoxide, Aluminium isopropylate, aluminium triisopropanolate, ALUMINIUMISOPROPYLAT, Aluminiumtriisopropanolat, Aluminum 2-propoxide, Aluminum isopropanolate, Aluminum isopropioate, ALUMINUM ISOPROPOXIDE, Aluminum isopropoxide (1:3), Aluminum isopropylate, Aluminum isopropylate (Al(OC3H7)3), Aluminum propoxide, Aluminum sec-propanolate, Aluminum triisopropoxide, Aluminum triisopropylate, Aluminum tris(isopropoxide), Aluminum tris(iso-propoxide), Aluminum tris(isopropylate), Aluminum tris(sec-propoxide), Aluminum(3+) isopropoxide, Isopropanol aluminum salt, Isopropyl alcohol, aluminum salt, Manalox 130, PADM, Triisopropanolate daluminium, triisopropanolato de aluminio, TRIISOPROPOXIDE, ALUMINUM, Triisopropoxyaluminum, Triisopropyl aluminate, Triisopropyloxyaluminum, Tris(isopropoxy)aluminum
Crude Coal Tar,US $ 500 - 800 / Metric Ton, Pakistan, Coal Tar Pitch, Density at 20 Degrees Centigrade; 1.20.Source from CHEMPOLYTRADING on Alibaba.com.
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A microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) device utilizing an aluminum fluoride layer as an etch stop is disclosed. In one embodiment, a MEMS device includes a first electrode having a first surface; and a second electrode having a second surface facing the first surface and defining a gap therebetween. The second electrode is movable in the gap between a first position and a second position. At least one of the electrodes includes an aluminum fluoride layer facing the other of the electrodes. During fabrication of the MEMS device, a sacrificial layer is formed between the first and second electrodes and is released to define the gap. The aluminum fluoride layer serves as an etch stop to protect the first or second electrode during the release of the sacrificial layer.
Fishpond Australia, HJHY® Walking aids, Walker Aluminium alloy With front wheel Old man Four feet crutches Telescopic fold Rehabilitation Walker. Buy Health online: HJHY® Walking aids, Walker Aluminium alloy With front wheel Old man Four feet crutches Telescopic fold Rehabilitation Walker, , Fishpond.com.au

Long-term follow-up of cognitive dysfunction in patients with aluminum hydroxide-induced macrophagic myofasciitis (MMF).  -...Long-term follow-up of cognitive dysfunction in patients with aluminum hydroxide-induced macrophagic myofasciitis (MMF). -...

Long-term follow-up of cognitive dysfunction in patients with aluminum hydroxide-induced macrophagic myofasciitis (MMF).. ... Macrophagic myofasciitis (MMF) is characterized by specific muscle lesions assessing long-term persistence of aluminum ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22099155

Alzheimers & Aluminum ToxicityAlzheimer's & Aluminum Toxicity

Research clearly demonstrates abnormally high accumulations of aluminum within the brains of Alzheimers victims. ... There is a strong connection between aluminum and Alzheimers disease. ... Sources of Aluminum and aluminum compounds. Aluminum is primarily absorbed into the body through the digestive tract. Dietary ... Aluminum hydroxide in antacids - Aluminum hydroxide in antacids may be the most common cause of aluminum toxicity in the United ...
more infohttp://www.angelfire.com/az/sthurston/alzheimers_and_aluminum_toxicity.html

aluminum - Postsaluminum - Posts

Treatments and Tools for aluminum. Find aluminum information, treatments for aluminum and aluminum symptoms. ... aluminum - MedHelps aluminum Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, ... Posts on aluminum. Former Marine perplexed with the V A - Fibromyalgia Community ... Just curious anyone know of what foods to eat to help best remove aluminum from the body? ... ...
more infohttps://www.medhelp.org/tags/show/57731/aluminum?section=subjects

Aluminum | chemical element | BritannicaAluminum | chemical element | Britannica

Aluminum is the most abundant metallic element in Earths crust and the most widely used nonferrous metal. Because of its ... Aluminum (Al), chemical element, a lightweight, silvery-white metal of main Group 13 (IIIa, or boron group) of the periodic ... an iron-aluminum alloy by electrolyzing fused alumina (aluminum oxide) and had already named the element aluminum; the word ... The name aluminum is derived from the Latin word alumen, used to describe potash alum, or aluminum potassium sulfate, KAl(SO4)2 ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/science/aluminum

Aluminum Water Bottle | InhabitotsAluminum Water Bottle | Inhabitots

I agree to Inhabitots Terms of Use and Privacy Policy, and to the use of cookies described therein, and I also consent to the collection, storage, and processing of my data in the United States, where data protection laws may be different from those in my country ...
more infohttps://inhabitat.com/inhabitots/tag/aluminum-water-bottle/

Aluminum PlantAluminum Plant

The lowly aluminum plant was just one of the many houseplants that appeared during this era. It was first described by a pair ... The aluminum plant grows as a freely branched herb and reaches about a foot tall. It has slender but succulent stems that swell ... Aluminum plant flowers with the tiny white flowers borne in terminal clusters that struggle to be interesting, for ornamental ... Knowing of their ability to survive in water, last summer I dropped an aluminum plant - pot and all - into my shaded, foot-deep ...
more infohttps://www.uaex.edu/yard-garden/resource-library/plant-week/aluminum-4-7-06.aspx

ATSDR - ToxFAQs™: AluminumATSDR - ToxFAQs™: Aluminum

Exposure to high levels of aluminum may result in respiratory problems. Aluminum has been found in at least 427 of the 1,467 ... Everyone is exposed to low levels of aluminum from food, air, and water. ... Aluminum as the metal is obtained from aluminum-containing minerals. Small amounts of aluminum can be found dissolved in water. ... where aluminum is mined or processed into aluminum metal, near certain hazardous waste sites, or where aluminum is naturally ...
more infohttps://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=190&tid=34

Aluminum anionAluminum anion

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
more infohttps://webbook.nist.gov/cgi/cbook.cgi?ID=C22325479

Aluminum hydroxideAluminum hydroxide

Gas-Phase Chemistry of the Dimethylaluminum Oxide Ion and Related Aluminum Oxide Ions - Comparison of Reactivity with Siloxide ...
more infohttps://webbook.nist.gov/cgi/cbook.cgi?Source=1993APP%2FBAR129&Units=CAL&Mask=1A8F

ZPi | AluminumZPi | Aluminum

Aluminum and Aluminum alloys. ..... Ostensibly the CPSC is concerned about the use of aluminum powder in the manufacture of ... Transparent aluminum compounds are neither new nor unusual. Corundum (aka aluminum oxide) is the base substance of ruby and ... Aluminum Lead Tin Foil. Lyle Zapato , 2006-03-01.4810 LMT , Letters One of the many business inquiries from Pakistan we get at ... Aluminum Foil Deflector Beanie: Practical Mind Control Protection for Paranoids. Lyle Zapato. Paladin Press, 2003. ...
more infohttp://zapatopi.net/blog/aluminum/?start=36

ZPi | AluminumZPi | Aluminum

Aluminum and Aluminum alloys. ..... Ostensibly the CPSC is concerned about the use of aluminum powder in the manufacture of ... a lower hull made of aluminum sheet having a shallow spherical profile [21]; a circular flat sloping hull made of aluminum ... Do not, I repeat, do not buy aluminum foil off of eBay thats claimed to be for use in anti-psychotronic shielding. It would be ... Aluminum Foil Deflector Drives. Lyle Zapato , 2006-08-09.5520 LMT , General Paranoia The blog for Mozy, an online backup ...
more infohttp://zapatopi.net/blog/aluminum/?start=29

Aluminum WeldingAluminum Welding

The secret to success for an efficient, quality aluminium welding job comes down to three key factors - the right equipment, the right waveform and the right consumable.
more infohttps://www.lincolnelectric.com/es-es/support/process-and-theory/Pages/aluminum-welding.aspx

Aluminum brass | alloy | Britannica.comAluminum brass | alloy | Britannica.com

... and the aluminum brasses, which provide strength and corrosion resistance where the naval brasses may fail. ... Other articles where Aluminum brass is discussed: brass: Characteristics of the alloy.: …corrosion by seawater; ... corrosion by seawater; and the aluminum brasses, which provide strength and corrosion resistance where the naval brasses may ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/technology/aluminum-brass

Aluminum Music |  in New YorkAluminum Music | in New York

... the Kitchens 1981 series Aluminum Nights united Philip Glass, DNA, the Feelies, Laurie Anderson, Fab F ... An admirably diverse survey of the downtown avant-garde, the Kitchens 1981 series Aluminum Nights united Philip Glass, DNA, ... This weekends 20th-anniversary tribute event, Aluminum Music, hints at the borderless spirit of its namesake. Each night pairs ...
more infohttps://www.timeout.com/newyork/music/aluminum-music

What Is Aluminum Acetate?What Is Aluminum Acetate?

Aluminum acetate is a topical astringent used to treat skin irritations such as poison ivy rashes. Learn important information ... What Is Aluminum Acetate Used For?. Aluminum acetate is a salt that is used as a topical astringent to treat skin irritations ... ALUMINUM ACETATE ASTRINGENT (CALCIUM ACETATE AND ALUMINUM SULFATE) POWDER, FOR SOLUTION [TAGI PHARMA INCORPORATED]. (n.d.). ... Aluminum acetate is applied topically to the site of irritation. It is most commonly available in a powdered form that is mixed ...
more infohttps://www.healthline.com/health/aluminum-acetate

Aluminum detox - Nutrition - MedHelpAluminum detox - Nutrition - MedHelp

Im worried of aluminum toxicity and memory loss right now. ... anyone know of what foods to eat to help best remove aluminum ... Aluminum detox PinPinPatrick Just curious anyone know of what foods to eat to help best remove aluminum from the body? Im ... Aluminum detox. Just curious anyone know of what foods to eat to help best remove aluminum from the body? Im worried of ...
more infohttps://www.medhelp.org/posts/Nutrition/Aluminum-detox/show/990758

aluminum | 911Blogger.comaluminum | 911Blogger.com

As a former major supporter of Steven Jones I must convey the following. Steven Jones spends much of his time on molten metal, in particular the molten metal dripping from the South Tower. Using a picture from the NIST report, he determines the color of the molten metal in order to gauge the temperature. However, the NIST report states that the "intensity levels" of the picture were adjusted. This information was placed at the bottom of the picture, but for some reason Jones removed it.. Why did Jones use a picture that had its intensity level adjusted to determine the color or something?. Why did he hide the fact that the levels were adjusted?. Was the dripping molten metal really there? Notice that the windows switch.. ...
more infohttp://911blogger.com/topics/aluminum

Aluminum Hydroxide: MedlinePlus Drug InformationAluminum Hydroxide: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Aluminum Hydroxide: learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more on MedlinePlus ... Before taking aluminum hydroxide,. *tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to aluminum hydroxide or any other ... Aluminum hydroxide comes as a capsule, a tablet, and an oral liquid and suspension. The dose and frequency of use depend on the ... Aluminum hydroxide is used for the relief of heartburn, sour stomach, and peptic ulcer pain and to promote the healing of ...
more infohttps://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a699048.html

Aluminum Mineral DataAluminum Mineral Data

Rock and Mineral Shows Google Search for Aluminum. Weinrich Minerals, Inc. Google Search for Aluminum. Ask about Aluminum here ... PEAluminum = 2.56 barns/electron. U=PEAluminum x rElectron Density= 6.71 barns/cc.. ... Aluminum. Comments: Native aluminum in a polished section.. Location: From a mud volcano in the Caspian Sea near Baku, ... Visit our Advertisers for Aluminum :. Adams Minerals Google Search for Aluminum. Dakota Matrix Minerals Google Search for ...
more infohttp://webmineral.com/data/Aluminum.shtml

Aluminum Oars | SevylorAluminum Oars | Sevylor

Aluminum Oars is rated 5.0 out of 5 by 1. Rated 5 out of 5 by Gima from Rowing on the Lake Have purchased before and worked ... Sturdy, lightweight aluminum shafts • Spoon-shaped blades cut through water easier • Drip rings for a dry, firm grip • Tension ... Row faster and easier with a pair of Sevylor® Aluminum Oars. The lightweight design allows you to use your strength to row ... Aluminum Oars. Details. https://www.coleman.com/oars%3A-large-aluminum-shaft/2000015250.html Item NumberItem# 2000015250 ...
more infohttps://www.coleman.com/oars%3A-large-aluminum-shaft/2000015250.html?cgid=sevylor-partsandaccessories-paddlesandoars

Aluminum Perils Some Patients - latimesAluminum Perils Some Patients - latimes

... on kidney dialysis and long-term intravenous feeding frequently suffer a painful bone disease apparently caused by aluminum in ... Since aluminum comprises 8% of the Earths crust, almost everyone is exposed to it daily and absorbs the metal into the body by ... There is no known biological requirement for aluminum and the metal has not been found to be carcinogenic even after it has ... "Some parts of the country have large amounts of aluminum contained naturally in the water," according to Klein. "We found that ...
more infohttp://articles.latimes.com/1985-01-13/local/me-8835_1_bone-disease

ALUMINUM WATERTIGHT CANISTERSALUMINUM WATERTIGHT CANISTERS

These watertight aluminum screw-top canisters are gasketed, lined in nylon and come with a 1" slip ring to attach to whatever. ... Add a little pizazz to your nitro pills! This 1-3/4" x 1/2" dia container for meds is anodized aluminum in mostly silver but ... Add a little pizazz to your nitro pills! This 1-3/4" x 1/2" dia container for meds is anodized aluminum in mostly silver but ...
more infohttps://www.sciplus.com/ALUMINUM-WATERTIGHT-CANISTERS-54916-p

TIG Welding AluminumTIG Welding Aluminum

... is especially popular in automotive applications as TIG welding is mechanically strong and visually ... That Aluminum is Hot. Aluminum is an excellent conductor of heat. It requires large heat inputs when welding is begun, since ... The oxide is also heavier than aluminum and, when melted, tends to sink or be trapped in the molten aluminum. For these reasons ... That Confusing Thing About Aluminum. The process is well suited for aluminum, but there are a few characteristics of the metal ...
more infohttps://www.lincolnelectric.com/en-us/support/welding-how-to/Pages/tig-welding-aluminum-detail.aspx

Aluminum Toxicity Differential DiagnosesAluminum Toxicity Differential Diagnoses

Aluminum is a trivalent cation found in its ionic form in most kinds of animal and plant tissues and in natural waters ... Behavior of aluminum in aluminum welders and manufacturers of aluminum sulfate--impact on biological monitoring. Scand J Work ... encoded search term (Aluminum%20Toxicity) and Aluminum Toxicity What to Read Next on Medscape. Medscape Consult. ... Aluminum Toxicity Differential Diagnoses. Updated: Jul 10, 2017 * Author: Jose F Bernardo, MD, MPH, FASN; Chief Editor: Sage W ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/165315-differential

Aluminum Solutions and Testing MethodsAluminum Solutions and Testing Methods

... on the corrosion behavior of a 6101 and a 1370 aluminum alloy was investigated in NaCl solutions. For the both alloys, a ... Aluminum Solutions and Testing Methods 2014-01-0220. The effect of cold-working, i.e. wire drawing, on the corrosion behavior ... Citation: Chretien, L. and Laurino, A., "Aluminum Solutions and Testing Methods," SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-0220, 2014, https ... of a 6101 and a 1370 aluminum alloy was investigated in NaCl solutions. For the both alloys, a "grain size - corrosion ...
more infohttps://www.sae.org/publications/technical-papers/content/2014-01-0220/
  • Someone else in India is looking for "Aluminum Foil stand-up pouch(es)" in various sizes, both plain and Ziplock. (zapatopi.net)
  • I've also got an Egyptian who is looking for 3 tons of triplex aluminum foil printed in one color ("for INDOCID SUPPOSITORY 100 MG") and another 3 tons of same unprinted. (zapatopi.net)
  • Laboratory research has shown that we can handle about twenty milligrams of aluminum ingestion each day.7 Unfortunately, most of us are exposed to and ingest far more aluminum than our bodies can handle. (angelfire.com)
  • Only very small amounts of aluminum that you may inhale, ingest, or have skin contact with will enter the bloodstream. (cdc.gov)
  • This 1-3/4" x 1/2" dia container for meds is anodized aluminum in mostly silver but also could be in blue, turquoise, purple, red, gold (our choice). (sciplus.com)
  • As one of the leading manufacturers of aluminum melting and holding systems, Thermtronix® has the advantage of an exceptional depth of knowledge in the application of electric resistance technology for aluminum melting furnaces. (imakenews.com)
  • Aluminum is the most abundant metallic element in Earth 's crust and the most widely used nonferrous metal. (britannica.com)
  • Because of its chemical activity, aluminum never occurs in the metallic form in nature, but its compounds are present to a greater or lesser extent in almost all rocks , vegetation, and animals . (britannica.com)
  • Thermtronix® considers the current practical maximum size for a silicon carbide crucible to be approximately 3,000 lb. of aluminum capacity. (imakenews.com)
  • Some people with kidney disease store a lot of aluminum in their bodies and sometimes develop bone or brain diseases which may be caused by the excess aluminum. (cdc.gov)
  • Living in areas where the air is dusty, where aluminum is mined or processed into aluminum metal, near certain hazardous waste sites, or where aluminum is naturally high. (cdc.gov)
  • There is no known biological requirement for aluminum and the metal has not been found to be carcinogenic even after it has deeply invaded bones, Klein said. (latimes.com)
  • Children with kidney problems who were given aluminum in their medical treatments developed bone diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • aluminum has been known as a neurotoxic substance for nearly a century. (angelfire.com)
  • The oxide or 'skin' that forms so rapidly on its surface has a melting point almost three times as high (3200º+F). To add to this confusion, aluminum even boils at a lower temperature (2880ºF) than this oxide melts. (lincolnelectric.com)
  • Composition information provided by the Aluminum Association and is not for design. (matweb.com)
  • Aluminum-induced effects on Photosystem II photochemistry in citrus leaves assessed by the chlorophyll a fluorescence transient. (medscape.com)
  • and the aluminum brasses, which provide strength and corrosion resistance where the naval brasses may fail. (britannica.com)
  • Everyone is exposed to low levels of aluminum from food, air, water, and soil. (cdc.gov)
  • Aluminum compounds have many different uses, for example, as alums in water-treatment and alumina in abrasives and furnace linings. (cdc.gov)
  • Most antacid preparations, for example, may contain 200 milligrams or more of elemental aluminum in a single tablet! (angelfire.com)
  • Under most conditions, a small amount of aluminum will dissolve in lakes, streams, and rivers. (cdc.gov)
  • Dr. Gordon Klein, chief of pediatric clinical nutrition at the City of Hope in suburban Duarte, said a current study shows aluminum is the possible culprit in a bone disease characterized by a deep, excruciating, arthritic-type sensation. (latimes.com)
  • Aluminum is not accumulated to a significant extent in most plants or animals. (cdc.gov)
  • In the air, aluminum binds to small particles, which can stay suspended for many days. (cdc.gov)
  • Very little enters your body from aluminum cooking utensils. (cdc.gov)
  • When electric power became relatively plentiful and cheap, almost simultaneously Charles Martin Hall in the United States and Paul-Louis-Toussaint Héroult in France discovered (1886) the modern method of commercially producing aluminum: electrolysis of purified alumina (Al 2 O 3 ) dissolved in molten cryolite (Na 3 AlF 6 ). (britannica.com)
  • Obvious signs of damage were not seen in animals after high oral doses of aluminum. (cdc.gov)
  • Aluminum does not appear to affect fertility in animals. (cdc.gov)
  • Aluminum is added as an emulsifying agent in many processed cheeses, especially those which are single-sliced. (angelfire.com)