Body Fluids: Liquid components of living organisms.Corrosion: The gradual destruction of a metal or alloy due to oxidation or action of a chemical agent. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Rheology: The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Corrosion Casting: A tissue preparation technique that involves the injecting of plastic (acrylates) into blood vessels or other hollow viscera and treating the tissue with a caustic substance. This results in a negative copy or a solid replica of the enclosed space of the tissue that is ready for viewing under a scanning electron microscope.Blood Viscosity: The internal resistance of the BLOOD to shear forces. The in vitro measure of whole blood viscosity is of limited clinical utility because it bears little relationship to the actual viscosity within the circulation, but an increase in the viscosity of circulating blood can contribute to morbidity in patients suffering from disorders such as SICKLE CELL ANEMIA and POLYCYTHEMIA.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Foramen Ovale, Patent: A condition in which the FORAMEN OVALE in the ATRIAL SEPTUM fails to close shortly after birth. This results in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. An isolated patent ovale foramen without other structural heart defects is usually of no hemodynamic significance.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Russia (Pre-1917)Formularies as Topic: Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.Societies, Pharmaceutical: Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.Economics, Pharmaceutical: Economic aspects of the fields of pharmacy and pharmacology as they apply to the development and study of medical economics in rational drug therapy and the impact of pharmaceuticals on the cost of medical care. Pharmaceutical economics also includes the economic considerations of the pharmaceutical care delivery system and in drug prescribing, particularly of cost-benefit values. (From J Res Pharm Econ 1989;1(1); PharmacoEcon 1992;1(1))China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Counterfeit Drugs: Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.Pharmaceutical Services: Total pharmaceutical services provided by qualified PHARMACISTS. In addition to the preparation and distribution of medical products, they may include consultative services provided to agencies and institutions which do not have a qualified pharmacist.Pharmaceutical Preparations: Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Crystallization: The formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Charcoal: An amorphous form of carbon prepared from the incomplete combustion of animal or vegetable matter, e.g., wood. The activated form of charcoal is used in the treatment of poisoning. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Waste Products: Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Alum Compounds: Aluminum metal sulfate compounds used medically as astringents and for many industrial purposes. They are used in veterinary medicine for the treatment of ulcerative stomatitis, leukorrhea, conjunctivitis, pharyngitis, metritis, and minor wounds.Crystallography, X-Ray: The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Posters as Topic: Single or multi-sheet notices made to attract attention to events, activities, causes, goods, or services. They are for display, usually in a public place and are chiefly pictorial.LaunderingCoffee: A beverage made from ground COFFEA beans (SEEDS) infused in hot water. It generally contains CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE unless it is decaffeinated.Tears: The fluid secreted by the lacrimal glands. This fluid moistens the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA.Deodorants: Agents that remove, correct, repress, or mask undesirable ODORS. In personal hygiene, deodorants often contain astringent preparations that reduce SWEATING, referred to as ANTIPERSPIRANTS. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)CarbanilidesAntiperspirants: Agents that are put on the SKIN to reduce SWEATING or prevent excess sweating (HYPERHIDROSIS).Odors: The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Antistatic Agents: Chemical compounds applied to materials to reduce their retention of an electrostatic charge.Gelatin: A product formed from skin, white connective tissue, or bone COLLAGEN. It is used as a protein food adjuvant, plasma substitute, hemostatic, suspending agent in pharmaceutical preparations, and in the manufacturing of capsules and suppositories.Surface-Active Agents: Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics.Silver: Silver. An element with the atomic symbol Ag, atomic number 47, and atomic weight 107.87. It is a soft metal that is used medically in surgical instruments, dental prostheses, and alloys. Long-continued use of silver salts can lead to a form of poisoning known as ARGYRIA.Anions: Negatively charged atoms, radicals or groups of atoms which travel to the anode or positive pole during electrolysis.Halogens: A family of nonmetallic, generally electronegative, elements that form group 17 (formerly group VIIa) of the periodic table.Silver Nitrate: A silver salt with powerful germicidal activity. It has been used topically to prevent OPHTHALMIA NEONATORUM.Silver Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain silver as an integral part of the molecule.Bromides: Salts of hydrobromic acid, HBr, with the bromine atom in the 1- oxidation state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Adjuvant-guided type-1 and type-2 immunity: infectious/noninfectious dichotomy defines the class of response. (1/209)

Traditionally, protein Ags have been injected in CFA (oil with inactivated mycobacteria) to induce immunity and with IFA (oil alone) to induce tolerance. We report here that injection of hen eggwhite lysozyme, a prototypic Ag, in CFA-induced and IFA-induced pools of hen eggwhite lysozyme-specific memory T cells of comparable fine specificity, clonal size, and avidity spectrum, but with type-1 and type-2 cytokine signatures, respectively. This adjuvant-guided induction of virtually unipolar type-1 and type-2 immunity was observed with seven protein Ags and in a total of six mouse strains. Highly polarized type-1 and type-2 immunity are thus readily achievable through the choice of adjuvant, irrespective of the genetic bias of the host and of the nature of the protein Ag. This finding should have far-reaching implications for the development of vaccines against infectious and autoimmune diseases. Furthermore, our demonstration that Ag injected with IFA is as strongly immunogenic for T cells as it is with CFA shows that the presence of the mycobacteria determines not the priming of naive T cells through the second-signal link but the path of downstream differentiation toward CD4 memory cells that express either type-1 or type-2 cytokines.  (+info)

Humoral response suppression observed with CD23 transgenics. (2/209)

CD23, also known as the low affinity IgE receptor (FcepsilonRII), has been hypothesized to have a role in IgE regulation. A new CD23 transgenic mouse was generated using the MHC class I promoter and IgH enhancer to further test the hypothesis that CD23 plays a role in the down-regulation of IgE. Study of three founder lines by FACS showed overexpression to varying extents on both B and T lymphocytes. No alterations in lymphocyte populations was observed. All three founder lines exhibited strong suppression of IgE in response to DNP-keyhole limpet hemocyanin/alum and Nippostrongylus brasiliensis infection compared with that in parental or littermate controls. The founder line exhibiting the highest level of suppression also was less susceptible to Ag-induced systemic anaphylactic shock. Overall, the data support the concept that enhancing CD23 levels can be used to suppress IgE-mediated disease. The mechanism involves decreased IgE synthesis, because the serum half-life of IgE was not altered in transgenics, and enzyme-linked immunospot analysis demonstrated lower IgE-producing cells stimulated by injection of anti-IgD. Transgenics also exhibited significantly decreased IgG1 responses and exhibited lower levels of all Ig isotypes, although this was more variable in different founder lines.  (+info)

Effects of aluminum potassium sulfate on learning, memory, and cholinergic system in mice. (3/209)

AIM: To study the relationship between aluminum potassium sulfate (APS) and memory deficits of mice. METHODS: 30, 60, or 90 d after the mice were given daily APS i.g., the step-through latency (STL) was determined with a passive avoidance task. Aluminum (Al) contents in brain and blood were assayed with atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Acetylcholine (ACh) content in brain was determined with chemiluminescent method and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity was measured radiochemically. RESULTS: APS 1 g.kg-1 increased blood-Al only after 30 d. After 60 d, STL, ACh content and ChAT activity decreased by 46.4%, 8.5%, and 22.6%, respectively. These parameters decreased by 50%, 11.1%, and 27.8%, respectively, with increased Al in blood and brain, after 90 d. APS 0.25 g.kg-1 had no effects on mice except blood-Al. In ethylcholine mustard aziridium chloride (AF64A) treated mice, APS 1 g.kg-1 only increased blood and brain-Al. CONCLUSION: The intake of APS 1 g.kg-1.d-1 for 60 d induced learning and memory deficits in mice.  (+info)

Disturbance of cerebral function in people exposed to drinking water contaminated with aluminium sulphate: retrospective study of the Camelford water incident. (4/209)

OBJECTIVE: To establish whether people exposed to drinking water contaminated with 20 tonnes of aluminium sulphate in the Camelford area of Cornwall in the south west of England in July 1988 had suffered organic brain damage as opposed to psychological trauma only. DESIGN: Retrospective study of affected people. PARTICIPANTS: 55 affected people and 15 siblings nearest in age to one of the group but who had not been exposed to the contaminated water were studied. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Various clinical and psychological tests to determine medical condition and anxiety levels in affected people. Assessment of premorbid IQ (pFSIQ) with the national adult reading test, a computerised battery of psychomotor testing, and measurement of the difference in latencies between the flash and pattern visual evoked potentials in all participants. RESULTS: The mean (SE) pFSIQ was above average at 114.4 (1.1). The most sensitive of the psychomotor tests for organic brain disease was the symbol digit coding (SDC) test (normal score 100, abnormal <85). PARTICIPANTS performed less well on this test (54.5 (6.0)) than expected from their pFSIQ (P<0.0001) and a little less poorly on the averaged less discriminating tests within the battery (86.1 (2.5), P<0.0001). In a comparison with the 15 sibling pairs (affected people's age 41.0 (3.3) years v sibling age of 42.7 (3.1) years (P=0.36) the exposed people had similar pFSIQ (114.7 (2.1)) to their siblings (116.3 (2.1), (P=0.59) but performed badly on the symbol digit coding test (51.8 (16.6)) v (87.5 (4.9) for siblings, P=0.03). The flash-pattern differences in exposed people were greater than in 42 unrelated control subjects of similar age (27.33 (1.64) ms v 18. 57 (1.47) ms, P=0.0002). The 15 unexposed siblings had significantly better flash-pattern differences than their affected siblings (13.4 (2.4) ms v 29.6 (2.9) ms, P=0.0002). No effect of anxiety could be shown on these measurements from the analysis of the anxiety scores of exposed people. CONCLUSION: People who were exposed to the contaminated water at Camelford suffered considerable damage to cerebral function, which was not related to anxiety. Follow up studies would be required to determine the longer term prognosis for affected individuals.  (+info)

Protective immunity using recombinant human IL-12 and alum as adjuvants in a primate model of cutaneous leishmaniasis. (5/209)

Protection from cutaneous leishmaniasis, a chronic ulcerating skin lesion affecting millions, has been achieved historically using live virulent preparations of the parasite. Killed or recombinant Ags that could be safer as vaccines generally require an adjuvant for induction of a strong Th1 response in murine models. Murine rIL-12 as an adjuvant with soluble Leishmania Ag has been shown to protect susceptible mice. We used 48 rhesus macaques to assess the safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of a vaccine combining heat-killed Leishmania amazonensis with human rIL-12 (rhIL-12) and alum (aluminum hydroxide gel) as adjuvants. The single s.c. vaccination was found to be safe and immunogenic, although a small transient s.c. nodule developed at the site. Groups receiving rhIL-12 had an augmented in vitro Ag-specific IFN-gamma response after vaccination, as well as increased production of IgG. No increase in IL-4 or IL-10 was found in cell culture supernatants from either control or experimental groups. Delayed hypersensitivity reactions were not predictive of protection. Intradermal forehead challenge infection with 107 metacyclic L. amazonensis promastigotes at 4 wk demonstrated protective immunity in all 12 monkeys receiving 2 microgram rhIL-12 with alum and Ag. Partial efficacy was seen with lower doses of rhIL-12 and in groups lacking either adjuvant. Thus, a single dose vaccine with killed Ag using rhIL-12 and alum as adjuvants was safe and fully effective in this primate model of cutaneous leishmaniasis. This study extends the murine data to primates, and provides a basis for further human trials.  (+info)

Archaeosome vaccine adjuvants induce strong humoral, cell-mediated, and memory responses: comparison to conventional liposomes and alum. (6/209)

Ether glycerolipids extracted from various archaeobacteria were formulated into liposomes (archaeosomes) possessing strong adjuvant properties. Mice of varying genetic backgrounds, immunized by different parenteral routes with bovine serum albumin (BSA) entrapped in archaeosomes ( approximately 200-nm vesicles), demonstrated markedly enhanced serum anti-BSA antibody titers. These titers were often comparable to those achieved with Freund's adjuvant and considerably more than those with alum or conventional liposomes (phosphatidylcholine-phosphatidylglycerol-cholesterol, 1. 8:0.2:1.5 molar ratio). Furthermore, antigen-specific immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1), IgG2a, and IgG2b isotype antibodies were all induced. Association of BSA with the lipid vesicles was required for induction of a strong response, and >80% of the protein was internalized within most archaeosome types, suggesting efficient release of antigen in vivo. Encapsulation of ovalbumin and hen egg lysozyme within archaeosomes showed similar immune responses. Antigen-archaeosome immunizations also induced a strong cell-mediated immune response: antigen-dependent proliferation and substantial production of cytokines gamma interferon (Th1) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) (Th2) by spleen cells in vitro. In contrast, conventional liposomes induced little cell-mediated immunity, whereas alum stimulated only an IL-4 response. In contrast to alum and Freund's adjuvant, archaeosomes composed of Thermoplasma acidophilum lipids evoked a dramatic memory antibody response to the encapsulated protein (at approximately 300 days) after only two initial immunizations (days 0 and 14). This correlated with increased antigen-specific cell cycling of CD4(+) T cells: increase in synthetic (S) and mitotic (G(2)/M) and decrease in resting (G(1)) phases. Thus, archaeosomes may be potent vaccine carriers capable of facilitating strong primary and memory humoral, and cell-mediated immune responses to the entrapped antigen.  (+info)

Impaired affinity maturation in Cr2-/- mice is rescued by adjuvants without improvement in germinal center development. (7/209)

Cr2-/- mice have an impairment in humoral immunity, as shown by the decrease in the Ab titers against T cell-dependent Ags and abnormalities in germinal center formation. Germinal centers are present, but they are decreased in size and number, indicating problems in their development. In this study, we investigated whether this abnormality in germinal center development is associated with problems in the establishment of optimal affinity maturation and the generation of memory B cells, processes closely related to the germinal center reaction. We immunized the Cr2-/- animals with different Ags with or without adjuvants. We showed that, when immunized without adjuvants, complement receptors are absolutely required for optimal affinity maturation. Although limited affinity maturation is elicited in the Cr2-/- Ab response, it is decreased as compared with normal animals. Memory B cell generation is also impaired. In the presence of adjuvants, germinal center development in the Cr2-/- mice is still abnormal, as demonstrated by their decreased size and number. Surprisingly, adjuvants establish optimal affinity maturation and partially restore the amount of Ab produced during the primary response and memory B cell generation. However, adjuvants cannot improve the ability of follicular dendritic cells to retain Ags in the form of immune complexes. These observations indicate that immunization with inflammatory Ags offset some of the immunological abnormalities found in the Cr2-/- mice and show that optimal affinity maturation in the Cr2-/- mice can be achieved in the absence of normal germinal centers.  (+info)

Calcium phosphate nanoparticle adjuvant. (8/209)

Vaccination to protect against human infectious diseases may be enhanced by using adjuvants that can selectively stimulate immunoregulatory responses. In a murine model, a novel nanoparticulate adjuvant composed of calcium phosphate (CAP) was compared with the commonly used aluminum (alum) adjuvants for its ability to induce immunity to herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections. Results indicated that CAP was more potent as an adjuvant than alum, elicited little or no inflammation at the site of administration, induced high titers of immunoglobulin G2a (IgG2a) antibody and neutralizing antibody, and facilitated a high percentage of protection against HSV-2 infection. Additional benefits of CAP include (i) an insignificant IgE response, which is an important advantage over injection of alum compounds, and (ii) the fact that CAP is a natural constituent of the human body. Thus, CAP is very well tolerated and absorbed. These studies were performed with animal models. By virtue of the potency of this CAP adjuvant and the relative absence of side effects, we believe that this new CAP formulation has great potential for use as an adjuvant in humans.  (+info)

*Aluminium: The Thirteenth Element

... alum' - compound substances with chemical structures containing aluminium; production technologies alum and areas of their ... Basic data on the structure of aluminium atoms; different compounds containing aluminium; chemical and physical properties; ...

*List of MeSH codes (D01)

... alum compounds MeSH D01.875.800.800.850.050 --- ammonium sulfate MeSH D01.875.800.800.850.075 --- barium sulfate MeSH D01.875. ...

*Alum (surname)

... an English medieval bishop and university chancellor Alum, a chemical compound Alum Bay, Isle of Wight, England. ... Alum is a surname. Notable people with the surname include: Robert Alum (died 1417), ...

*List of minerals A (complete)

Alum (chemical compound) Alum-(K) (IMA2007 s.p., 1951) 07.CC.20 [271] [272] [273] (IUPAC: potassium aluminium disulfate ... dodecahydrate) Alum-(Na) (IMA2007 s.p., 1951) 07.CC.20 [274] [275] [276] (IUPAC: sodium aluminium disulfate dodecahydrate) ...

*Adjuvant

Analgesic adjuvants Inorganic compounds: alum, aluminum hydroxide, aluminum phosphate, calcium phosphate hydroxide Mineral oil ... Hutchison S, Benson RA, Gibson VB, Pollock AH, Garside P, Brewer JM (March 2012). "Antigen depot is not required for alum ... Some adjuvants, such as alum, function as delivery systems by generating depots that trap antigens at the injection site, ... Help the antigen presenting cells absorb antigen Activate macrophages and lymphocytes Support the production of cytokines Alum ...

*Alum Rock

... may refer to: Alum rock, specific chemical compound and a class of chemical compounds. Alum Rock, California, United ... States, formerly a town, now a neighborhood of San Jose, California Alum Rock Park in San Jose, California Alum Rock, ...

*Alum (disambiguation)

Alum is a species and class of chemical compound. Potassium alum, the prototypical member of the class, often referred to ... Denmark Alum Bay Alum Creek (disambiguation) Alum Rock (disambiguation) Alum Springs (disambiguation). ... Alum may also refer to: Alum, Texas, a community in the United States Alumnus, a graduate of a particular institution Alum Pot ...

*Saalfeld Fairy Grottoes

However, in the 19th century more effective chemical compounds were developed, and alum ceased to be a profitable mining ... Historically, alum was employed in a range of medicinal products, as a food preservative, to clarify water and to finish cloth ... In the first chamber, information is presented about the history of the mine - in the 16th to 19th centuries an alum shale mine ...

*Sequencing batch reactor

To remove phosphorus compounds from the liquor, aluminium sulfate (alum) is often added during this period. It reacts to form ... non-soluble compounds, which settle into the sludge in the next stage. The settling stage is usually the same length in time as ...

*Potassium alum

... , potash alum, or potassium aluminium sulfate is a chemical compound: the potassium double sulfate of aluminium. ... "alum , chemical compound". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2016-01-18. Helmenstine, Anne Marie. "What is Alum?". About.com. Retrieved ... Potassium alum may be a weak irritant to the skin. Ammonium aluminium sulfate Alum "Alum-(K) Mineral Data". Mineralogy Database ... Alum is the common name for this chemical compound, given the nomenclature of potassium aluminum sulfate dodecahydrate. It is ...

*Alum

An alum /ˈæləm/ is a type of chemical compound, specifically a hydrated double sulfate salt of aluminum with the general ... Other alums are named after the monovalent ion, such as sodium alum and ammonium alum. The name "alum" is also used, more ... Soon after, J.A. Chaptal published the analysis of four different kinds of alum, namely, Roman alum, Levant alum, British alum ... The most common of these analogs is chrome alum KCr(SO 4) 2·12H 2O. In some industries, the name "alum" (or "papermaker's alum ...

*Ammonium iron(III) sulfate

... or iron alum, is a double salt in the class of alums, which consists of compounds with the general formula AB(SO4)2 · 12 H2O. ... "On the Cause of the Amethyst Color of Ferric Alum and of Mixed Crystals of Ferric and Manganic Alum". Chem. Lab. Roy. Vet. Agr ... Bonnell, Jane; Philip Perman, Edgar (1921). "CCXXIX.-The colour of iron alum". J. Chem. Soc., Trans. 119: 1994-1997. doi: ... with some ascribing it to impurities in the compound, and others claiming it to be a property of the crystal itself. FAS is ...

*Alum Bay

The sands are coloured due to oxidised iron compounds formed under different conditions. Alum Bay Chine begins as a small ... Alum Bay: Geology of the Isle of Wight. Internet site: www.soton.ac.uk/~imw/Alum-Bay.htm. School of Ocean and Earth Sciences, ... It is possible that Alum Bay was once fed by a Chine by this name, which has long since eroded away. Alum Bay sand includes ... Sand Shop, Needles Park website The Alum in Alum Bay, Isle of Wight Industrial Archaeology Society report Marconi My Beloved, ...

*Isomorphism (crystallography)

Alums, such as KAl(SO4)2.12H2O, are another series of isomorphous compounds, though there are three series of alums with ... form a series of isomorphous compounds which were important in the nineteenth century in establishing the correct atomic ...

*Bristol-Myers Squibb

5, where a brief allusion appears under the appellation of Compound Alum Powder. Dr. F. R. Squibb, however, in a letter to the ...

*List of inorganic compounds

H2PtCl6 Chrome-alum - K2SO4Cr2(SO4)3·24H2O Chromic acid - CrO3 Chromium trioxide (Chromic acid) - CrO3 Chromium(II) chloride - ... of compounds List of elements by name List of minerals List of organic compounds Named inorganic compounds Organic compound ... Although most compounds are referred to by their IUPAC systematic names (following IUPAC nomenclature), "traditional" names ... PuO2 Potash Alum - K2SO4.Al2(SO4)3·24H2O Potassium aluminium fluoride - KAlF4 Potassium borate - K2B4O7•4H2O Potassium bromide ...

*Index of chemistry articles

... alicyclic compound aliphatic compound Alkali Alkali metal Alkaline earth alkane alkene Allingite allotrope Allotropy alloy Alum ... Chemical compounds are listed separately at list of organic compounds, list of inorganic compounds or list of biomolecules. ... of elements named after places List of inorganic compounds List of inorganic compounds by element List of organic compounds ... Octane Odd Hassel Oganesson ohm Olivine Opal Optical isomerism Organic chemistry organic compound Organic nomenclature Organic ...

*Sal ammoniac

In any case, that salt ultimately gave ammonia and ammonium compounds their name. It typically forms as encrustations formed by ... Associated minerals include sodium alum, native sulfur and other fumarole minerals. Notable occurrences include Tajikistan; ... Sal ammoniac is also the archaic name for the chemical compound ammonium chloride. The Romans called the ammonium chloride ...

*Sri Lankan ivories

Later the object is polished using alum. If there are any holes in the object, they are filled up with lac and decorated. ... Ultimately natural pigments like red, yellow and black together with minerals and adhesive compounds are used to get the end ...

*Ammonium aluminium sulfate

... , also known as ammonium alum or just alum, is a white crystalline double sulfate usually encountered ... "Aluminum Compounds, Inorganic" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2007, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim.doi:10.1002/14356007 ... Ammonium alum is a common ingredient in animal repellant sprays. Alum was once a common pickling ingredient used to promote ... fyi.uwex.edu/safepreserving/2013/09/18/safe-preserving-grape-leaves-alum-and-old-wives-tales/ "Ammonium alum", PAN Pesticide ...

*Haematoxylin

... is the compound that combines with aluminium ions to form the active dye-metal complex. Alum haematoxylin solutions impart to ... Hence, acid solutions of alum haematoxylin become red. During staining, alum haematoxylin-stained sections are usually passed ... Alum or potassium aluminium sulfate used as the mordant usually dissociates in an alkaline solution, combining with HO− of ... The three main alum haematoxylin solutions employed are Ehrlich's haematoxylin, Harris's haematoxylin, and Mayer's haematoxylin ...

*Sodium aluminium sulfate

The classical cubic alum structure is the dodecahydrate, which is known in mineralogy as alum-(Na). Two other rare mineral ... Sodium aluminium sulfate is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaAl(SO4)2·12H2O (sometimes written Na2SO4·Al2(SO4 ... 3·24H2O). Also known as soda alum or sodium alum, this white solid is used in the acidity regulator of food (E521) mainly in ... Alum-(Na), WebMineral.com, retrieved 2009-11-28 .Alum-(Na), MinDat.org, retrieved 2009-11-28 . Mendozite, WebMineral.com, ...

*Alkali metal

Caesium compounds are rarely encountered by most people, but most caesium compounds are mildly toxic. Like rubidium, caesium ... which yields pure rubidium alum after approximately 30 recrystallisations. The limited applications and the lack of a mineral ... Organometallic compounds of the higher alkali metals are even more reactive than organosodium compounds and of limited utility ... Unlike the organolithium compounds, the organometallic compounds of the heavier alkali metals are predominantly ionic. The ...

*Potassium aluminate

... is an inorganic compound with the formula KAlO2, which in aqueous solution exists as K[Al(OH)4]. It is used ... Potassium aluminate can be used to produce Potassium alum with Sulfuric acid in this reaction. K2Al2O4 + 4 H2SO4 = 2 KAl(SO4)2 ...

*Sindoor

As with other compounds of mercury, sindoor is toxic and must be handled carefully. Sometimes, red lead (lead tetroxide, also ... Traditional sindoor was made with turmeric and alum or lime, or from other herbal ingredients. Unlike red lead and vermilion, ...

*Eliza Acton

... into a strange sort of compound, for which it is difficult to find a name". Modern Cookery remained in print until 1918, when ... which included the addition of alum and what she called "other deleterious substances". The food writer Elizabeth Ray observes ...
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Thus we questioned whether IL-4-producing CD8 T cells would be induced in vivo in response to primary immunization with alum-precipitated protein. The approach has been to compare the polarization of transgenic naïve ovalbumin-specific CD4 (OTII) and CD8 (OTI) T cells during their response to alum-precipitated ovalbumin (alumOVA). By addressing this question we have obtained further insight into the way early Th2-features are acquired by CD4 T cells in vivo in response to alum-precipitated protein.. Although both CD4 and CD8 OVA-specific T cells proliferate (30) in response to alumOVA, the acquisition of Th2-features, such as IL-4 and IL-13 mRNA up-regulation, is exclusively confined to CD4 T cells (Fig. 2). In addition, we confirm that mRNA specific for IL-17RB is strongly induced in vivo in alumOVA-responding OTII cells, but not in OTI cells responding to the same antigen (Fig. 2).. Conclusions. These findings indicate that the induction of IL-17RB expression is a selective feature of CD4 T ...
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is caused by a deficiency of insulin as a result of an autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic ² -cells. A possibility to preserve remaining ² -cells in children with newly diagnosed T1D is of great importance since sustained ² -cell function is recognized to result in reduced end-organ complications. Glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) is one of the major antigens targeted by self-reactive T cells in T1D, and immunomodulation with GAD65 formulated in aluminum (GAD-alum) has been considered both in prevention and treatment of T1D. Results from a Phase II trial have shown clinical effect of subcutaneous injections with GAD-alum, this was unfortunately not fully confirmed in the following larger Phase III trial which therefore was closed after 15 months. The general aim of this thesis was to study the immunomodulatory effect of GAD-alum-treatment in children with T1D participating in the Phase II and Phase III trials. We hypothesized that treatment with GAD-alum ...
By carefully studying the kinetics and distribution of the innate and adaptive T cell immune response after i.p. injection of OVA in alum, we have uncovered a previously unappreciated role for monocyte-derived DCs in mediating the adjuvant effects of alum on cellular and humoral immunity. This is underscored by the fact that inflammatory monocytes and DCs were attracted to the peritoneum after injection of OVA-alum; that they took up and processed the Ag on their way to the MLNs; that they acquired a functional phenotype of mature DCs once in the LN; and, finally, that removal of CD11c+ DCs abolished T cell proliferation in OVA-alum-immunized mice, an effect that was restored by adoptive transfer of Ly6Chi monocytes.. One of the aspects of our study that allowed us to uncover this new mechanism of action of alum was the assessment of the precise localization where Ag presentation occurred after i.p. injection. The peritoneal route is easily accessible and often used as a site for immunization to ...
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Abstract. Aluminum-based adjuvants (aluminum salts or alum) are widely used in human vaccination, although their mechanisms of action are poorly understood. Here we report that, in mice, alum causes cell death and the subsequent release of host cell DNA, which acts as a potent endogenous immunostimulatory signal mediating alum adjuvant activity. Furthermore, we propose that host DNA signaling differentially regulates IgE and IgG1 production after alum-adjuvanted immunization. We suggest that, on the one hand, host DNA induces primary B cell responses, including IgG1 production, through interferon response factor 3 (Irf3)-independent mechanisms. On the other hand, we suggest that host DNA also stimulates canonical T helper type 2 (TH2) responses, associated with IgE isotype switching and peripheral effector responses, through Irf3-dependent mechanisms. The finding that host DNA released from dying cells acts as a damage-associated molecular pattern that mediates alum adjuvant activity may ...
Acquired tolerance to BSA in rabbits was terminated following the injection of certain preparations of altered BSA. Injections of Freunds adjuvant containing BSA complexed to anti-BSA, heat-denatured BSA, acetyl-BSA, picryl-BSA, or arsanil-BSA failed to terminate the tolerant state. Except in an occasional tolerant rabbit, injections of these preparations failed to cause the production of precipitating antibody to the altered preparation. Similar results were obtained following injections of alum-precipitated preparations of pepsin-degraded BSA, acetyl-BSA, and picryl-BSA. Injections of Freunds adjuvant containing sulfanil-BSA terminated the tolerant state, but only small amounts of non-precipitating anti-BSA were produced. Injections of Freunds adjuvant containing picryl-acetyl-BSA terminated the tolerant state in two of six rabbits, but again, only small amounts of non-precipitating anti-BSA were produced. Injections of an alum-precipitated preparation of picryl-acetyl-BSA failed to ...
res in response to alumOVA in vivo. The responding cells were analyzed for cytokine production after ex vivo restimulation. CD4 T cells were induced to produce Th2 cytokines by this antigen. A subset of 2% of OTII cells differentiating into IL-4-producing effector cells in responses to alumOVA (Fig. 2). This is consistent with other studies assessing the proportion of IL-4-containing OTII cells in response to the same antigen (8, 11, 12). On the other hand, neither IL-4, nor IL-13 and nor IL-5 was induced in vivo in OTI cells responding to alumOVA in LN. Nevertheless, the OTI cells did respond to alumOVA by proliferating and producing IFN-g -a classical feature of Th1 immune responses. These results show that OTI cells responding to alumOVA in vivo fail to mimic the Th2 response of OTII cells responding to this same antigen, but acquire Th1-related features.. Conclusions. The study shows that the Th2-cytokines ‑ IL-4, IL-13, IL-5 (mRNA and/or protein) ‑ as well as the transcription factor ...
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Define alum. alum synonyms, alum pronunciation, alum translation, English dictionary definition of alum. n. Any of various double sulfates of a trivalent metal such as aluminum, chromium, or iron and a univalent metal such as potassium or sodium, especially...
well, its a bit nitpicky and just depends on naming but it could be either depending on how you define 1 molecule of potassium alum and how exactly the right side of the equation is written. If potassium alum is defined as [tex]2KAl(SO_{4})_{2} * 12H_{2}O[/tex] then it would be 2 moles of aluminum equating with 1 mole of potassium alum. If potassium alum is defined as [tex]KAl(SO_{4})_2*12H_{2}O[/tex] then it would be 2 moles of aluminum equating with 2 moles of potassium alum ...
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Cytokines have important roles in the control of bacterial and viral infections such as HIV-1. Interleukin 17 which is secreted by Th17 is one of these cytokines with a special role in controlling microbial infections. In the present study, adjuvant activity of Alum and Naloxone mixture has been studied on immune responses, especially IL-17 cytokine. Naloxone and Alum adjuvant are mixed with 10 µg of recombinant vaccine HIV-1-gag-pol-tat-env. Experimental groups, consisting of 36 inbred male Balb/c mice divided into six groups, were injected subcutaneouslyat days 0, 14 and 28 with total volume of 200 µl. 2 weeks after final injection, mouse spleens were removed in sterile conditions and used to prepare suspensions. Lymphocyte proliferation responses were evaluated with Brdu test and evaluation of cytokines IL-4, IL-17 and INF-γ were completed using ELISA kit, plus total antibody and antibody isotopes IgG1 and IgG2a using ELISA test. All results show that the mixture of Alum with Naloxone
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Immune responses in HIV-uninfected individuals receiving subunit envelope vaccines formulated with alum adjuvant suggest that functional antibodies capable of neutralizing HIV-1 in vitro may be induced, but the titers are relatively low in comparison to those measured in individuals with natural HIV-1 infection. These limitations might be overcome by the addition or substitution of a more suitable adjuvant such as QS-21.. Volunteers are randomized to 20 treatment arms containing four patients each. rsgp120/HIV-1MN is administered at four dose levels: 0, 100, 300, and 600 mcg, and QS-21 adjuvant is administered at three dose levels: 0, 50, and 100 mcg. Some subject cohorts receive alum in the vaccine formulation. Sixty volunteers receive injections at months 0, 1, and 10, and 20 volunteers receive injections at months 0, 1, and 6. AS PER AMENDMENT 07/02/97: All consenting volunteers who have received three immunizations will be tested for DTH response to HIV-1 envelope with use of intradermal MN ...
We have previously demonstrated that mouse antisera against yeast-produced recombinant forms of the ookinete surface proteins of Plasmodium vivax (Pvs25 and Pvs28) blocks transmission of the homologous P. vivax (Sal I strain). In this study, we developed mouse and rabbit antisera against Pvs25 and Pvs28 and evaluated the efficacy of these vaccine candidates against natural isolates of P. vivax in Thailand. Although both Pvs25 and Pvs28 genes are polymorphic, sera from mice immunized using alum adjuvant completely inhibited oocyst development for most human isolates, whereas sera from rabbits immunized with either alum or Freunds adjuvant were partially inhibitory. All inhibition occurred in an antibody dose dependent fashion. Data from this study clearly demonstrates that antibodies raised against Sal I-based vaccines overcome the genetic polymorphism of Pvs25 and Pvs28 present in natural isolates of P. vivax, suggesting the wide range applicability of Sal I based vaccines.
A series of mesoporous molecular sieves (AIMCM-41) were synthesized with varying silicon-to-aluminium ratios and using three different aluminium sources, viz., sodium aluminate, aluminium isopropoxide and aluminium. sulphate. The samples were characterized systematically using XRD, TG-DTA, BET surface area, and ICP-AES. In addition, the extent of framework substitution as well as the nature of acid sites was deduced employing Al-27 MAS-NMR, pyridine FT-IR, and NH3-TPD methods. These studies indicate that in case of samples prepared with sodium aluminate, most of the aluminium existed in tetrahedral positions even after calcination. Also, such samples posses moderate-to-strong (Bronsted) acid sites along with small amounts of structural as well as non-framework Lewis acid sites. The density of non-framework acid sites depended upon the source of aluminium following a trend in the order of sodium aluminate , aluminium sulphate , aluminium isopropoxide. Among the various catalysts investigated, ...
In 2003 a 58-year-old Caucasian male with no previous medical history of note was diagnosed with Alzheimers disease. Ten years previous to this the man, from the north-east of England, began to work with the preparation of a novel material (DARMATT KM1) used as insulation in the nuclear fuel and space industries. This work exposed him to aluminium sulphate dust on a daily basis over 8 years. An ordinary dust mask was supplied to protect against inhalation of the materials. Within a short time of starting this work the man complained of headaches, tiredness and mouth ulcers. By 1999 he started to show problems in relation to memory and suffered depression ...
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No presente estudo, casca de arroz submetida à calcinação e lixívia ácida, crisotila na forma natural e após lixívia ácida, uma sílica oriunda de rejeito e papel alumínio foram utilizados com fontes de silício e alumínio na síntese da zeólita A. Para fins comparativos, sílica pirogênica comercial também foi empregada como fonte de silício. As matérias-primas, bem como os produtos obtidos, foram caracterizados por um conjunto de técnicas espectroscópicas, térmicas, eletroquímicas, volumétricas e microscópicas, a saber: Difratometria de raios-X (XRD), espectroscopia fotoeletrônica de Raios-X (XPS), espectroscopia molecular de absorção no infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier (FTIR), espectroscopia de reflectância difusa no infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier (DRIFTS), adsorção de nitrogênio, análise termogravimétrica (TGA), espectroscopia de reflectância difusa no ultravioleta-visível (DRS), microscopia de força atômica (AFM), microscopia eletrônica ...
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All those fans who dreamed of having One Life to Live alum Corbin Bleu (ex-Jeffrey King) as a hubby will have to start looking for a replacement, because the actor has tied the knot. Bleu, who went on to High School Musical fame after leaving Llanview in 2013, married actress Sasha Clements in Santa Barbara on Saturday, July 23, People reports. Getting married to Sasha... was the best moment of my life, the actor told the publication of the special moment that included 160 guests. I have to say my favorite part was the feeling that started in my toes and went all the way to the top of my head when Sasha came through the gate to the entrance of our venue and walked down the aisle. From the flowing veil in the wind as she walked, to the big smile on her face, it suddenly hit me that this stunning woman that was looking at me was going to marry me and make me the happiest man in the world." The couple, who met in a Toronto grocery store in 2011 and got engaged in Disney World in October 2014, ...
Rachel Russo, a resident in the UC Davis Department of Surgery, has been selected as the 2016 Elks National Foundation Scholarship Programs Alum of the Year for her commitment to community service and inspiring others.
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On Saturday, September27, 2008, as part of the ServiceNation Day of Action AmeriCorps Alumni and national service supporters across the country made our voices heard . More than 200,000 Americans participated in over 2,700 events across the country to demonstrate the power and citizen support of national and community service. Now we need your help to make sure national service is a politically relevant issue for Congressional candidates in your district for the next 32 days of the election ...
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Matthew Morrison is trading in glee for gloom! The 38-year-old former Glee star is reportedly joining the cast of Greys Anatomy in a guest starring role. TVLine originally reported that the m…
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IL-33 drives alum-induced cytokine production.WT (black bars) and IL-33 KO (white bars) mice (n = 10-15 mice/group) were injected i.p. with PBS or alum mi
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The immune system represents a promising novel target for prevention of atherosclerosis. Several pilot vaccines that reduce atherosclerosis in experimental animals have been developed. The aluminum hydroxide adjuvant Alum has been shown to have antiatherogenic properties in itself, suggesting that it may be a suitable adjuvant in possible future atherosclerosis vaccines. To characterize the immune pathways mediating this protection, we treated wild-type C57BL/6 and Apoe(-)(/)(-) mice with Alum or PBS. Analyses of splenocytes isolated from 12-week-old mice demonstrated that Alum increased the presence of CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells and downregulated the expression of T cell activation markers CD28 and ICOS in Apoe(-)(/)(-) mice but not in C57BL/6 wild-type mice. A similar immunosuppressive phenotype was found also in 25-week-old Apoe(-)(/)(-) mice and was associated with reduced atherosclerosis. Alum precipitates recovered from the injection site of Apoe(-)(/)(-) mice contained ...
Introduction. Wastewater treatment systems are pre-emptive systems used to control water pollution reaching surface water bodies such as lakes, rivers and seas (Perez et al., 2004). Water quality is augmented through adequate wastewater treatment, thus having beneficial effects on both the environment and public health, as well as enhancing the potential for re-use (Silva et al., 2008; Tebbutt, 1999).. Water reuse and recycling is a necessary strategy for the sustainability of all of the economic activities which water supports (Dominguez et al., 2003; Ortiz, 2005). However, appropriate treatment is necessary to ensure high efficiency, low cost and protection of the environment in the use of recycled water (Arreguin and Mejia, 2006). The coagulation/flocculation/sedi-mentation process, also known as advanced primary treatment (APT) (Andia, 2000; Rodriguez et al., 2007), is an effective treatment, but also represents a huge disbursement to be made.. Coagulation/flocculation/sedimentation is a ...
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Vaccines are frequently administered together with an adjuvant, a compound that boosts the immune response to the vaccines active ingredient. One of the most popular adjuvants is aluminium hydroxide, or alum, which has been used for 80 years or so, because it works. How it works was not known - until now. Aluminium salts are shown to activate the Nalp3 inflammasome, an intracellular innate immune response system active in macrophages. Understanding how this widely used adjuvant acts could help in the design of more powerful, more specific adjuvants working in the same way. The mechanism by which the widely used vaccine adjuvant alum acts on the immune system has been unclear to-date. This paper shows that alum-mediated stimulation of the adaptive immune response requires activation of the Nalp3 inflammasome in antigen presenting cells. Aluminium adjuvants, typically referred to as alum, are the most commonly used adjuvants in human and animal vaccines worldwide, yet the mechanism underlying the
Various receptors transduce signals in immune cells by associating with G proteins, and the signals modulate cellular motility (e.g., S1P and chemokine receptors; refs. 12, 13). PTX from Bordetella pertussis is an ADP-ribosylating toxin that prevents G protein-coupled receptor activation and consequently disrupts the signal transduction cascade for lymphocyte egress (14, 15). In order to clarify whether G protein-coupled receptors are involved in the migration of lymphocytes from aLNs to peripheral lymphoid tissues in SCID mice, aLNs were produced in BALB/c mice that had been immunized with alum-precipitated NP-OVA. The aLNs were then cultured in vitro for 3 hours in medium containing PTX before transplantation into SCID mice. After 2 i.v. immunizations with NP-OVA as described above, aLNs, spleens, and BM cells of recipient mice were collected. The number of IgG1 NP-specific AFCs in aLNs was greatly increased by treatment with PTX before transfer into SCID mice (Figure 8A). Conversely, the ...
The amino acid sequence of HIV-1 gp120 can vary as much as 40 percent from isolate to isolate. Thus, the identification of an immunogen that can elicit broadly neutralizing antibodies to HIV-1 is a major challenge in AIDS vaccine development. Two candidate vaccines, recombinant envelope subunit proteins from the SF-2 and MN isolates of HIV-1, have shown immunogenicity and good tolerance in healthy immunocompetent adults. This study will expand testing into a larger population base, particularly targeting individuals at high risk for HIV infection.. HIV-seronegative volunteers (including four populations at higher risk for HIV infection and two populations at lower risk) receive one of four regimens. Two treatment groups receive 50 mcg SF-2 rgp 120 (BIOCINE) in MF59 adjuvant or 600 mcg MN rgp120 (Genentech) in alum. Two control groups receive vehicle (placebo) in MF59 adjuvant alone or alum adjuvant alone. Immunizations are given at months 0, 1, and 6. AS PER AMENDMENT 10/93: patients enrolled by ...
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Medication and surgery simply treats the symptoms not the root cause of the condition, which is rarely cured. Surgeons are usually paid hansomely for each operation they perform. Therefore it would be wise to get another opinion before you accept surgery! - * * * * * The Pharmaceutical industry is slow to change, even under pressure, and will continue to use the cheapest ingredients if you let them. It was recently reported in the Irish Independent newspaper an 11-year-old girls experiment went tragically wrong, when she died right after sniffing her mothers deodorant while playing in the bed room. - It is a well-known fact that some odours can cause respiratory asphyxiation, nevertheless it is not generally known that antiperspirant deodorants contain aluminium sulphate, which can gradually poison the bodys lymphatic system and increase the risk of breast cancer - see toxic toiletries article. - Discomfort killers: If youre such as many people who suffer with chronic pain - from ...
Yes. Multiply the weight of a gallon of water by the specific gravity of your wanna be alum solution to get the weight of a gallon of 48% w/w alum sulfate. Multiply that by. 48 and multiply that answer by 8000 ...
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TORONTO--(Marketwired - Jun 11, 2013) - IC Potash Corp. (ICP or the Company) (TSX: ICP) (OTCQX: ICPTF) today announced that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) has issued the Company a Jurisdictional Determination confirming that there are no Waters of the United States on the Ochoa Sulphate of Potash...
Continued good demand for potash and magnesium products, the further stabilisation of potash prices on a low level and a positive special item of about € 30 million characterised the business development of the K+S Group from April to June 2014. EBIT I for the quarter was only slightly below the figure of a year ago, but down significantly when adjusted for the extraordinary effect.. "Giving the starting position on global potash markets, we had a solid first half of the year", says Norbert Steiner, chairman of the Board of Executive Directors of K+S Aktiengesellschaft. "The good salt business in North America and the positive development of our fertilizer specialties were particularly pleasing. We are making good progress on "Fit for the Future" and our Legacy Project.". In the first half of the year, the K+S Group saw revenues fall by about 8% to € 1.97 billion. Higher sales volumes in the Salt business unit in the wake of the severe winter in North America could only partially offset ...
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We are very encouraged with the results from the Phase 1 resource delineation drilling at Mariana that confirmed our belief in the potential of this multi-commodity potash-lithium-boron brine project. The observed extent of high grade potash brine encountered provides ILC the support and confidence to continue to advance our plans towards development. The objective for the next stage of exploration is to complete the remaining 10 to 12 holes needed for delineation drilling in conjunction with hydrogeological testing required to produce a reportable resource. Drilling will be designed to test structures that may control higher grade potash, lithium or boron zones" states Kirill Klip, President of the Company.The Company has received analytical results for Phase 1 of the Resource Delineation drilling program at the Companys 100% owned Mariana potash-lithium-boron brine project. Four (4) widely spaced drill holes (totalling 444 metres), were positioned approximately 5 km apart to characterize the ...
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View Notes - Discussion 1 from ECON 4428 at Drew. In this lab, scraps of aluminum foil were turned into common alum. This is a common process that industries use, in which aluminum is chemically
Double-Blind Randomized Efficacy Field Trial of Alum Precipi¬tated Autoclaved Leishmania major (Alum-ALM) Vaccine Mixed With BCG Plus Imiquimod Vs. Placebo Control Group
A kinetic study of the dehydrations of the alums KCr(SO4)2. 12H2O and KAl(SO4)2. 12H2O in water vapour atmospheres is reported. The product-yield-time data are described by the Avrami-Erofeev (n = 2) and contracting cube equations. The observed kinetic behaviour differed from expectation for this reaction, which is known to proceed through the growth of three-dimensional nuclei. The retention of the volatile product (water) in the vicinity of the reactant solid influences the course of interface generation and development during the early stages of dehydration. Later there is a first order approach to the establishment of equilibrium between water vapour and the solid reactant/product mixture. This pattern of kinetic behaviour is confirmed by a parallel thermal analysis (DSC) study in dry nitrogen. Evidence was obtained that an appreciable quantity of water was retained by the solids throughout these reactions. This is consistent with the view that water, temporarily retained at the active ...
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Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is caused by a deficiency of insulin as a result of an autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic ² -cells. A possibility to preserve remaining ² -cells in children with newly diagnosed T1D is of great importance since sustained ² -cell function is recognized to result in reduced end-organ complications. Glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) is one of the major antigens targeted by self-reactive T cells in T1D, and immunomodulation with GAD65 formulated in aluminum (GAD-alum) has been considered both in prevention and treatment of T1D. Results from a Phase II trial have shown clinical effect of subcutaneous injections with GAD-alum, this was unfortunately not fully confirmed in the following larger Phase III trial which therefore was closed after 15 months. The general aim of this thesis was to study the immunomodulatory effect of GAD-alum-treatment in children with T1D participating in the Phase II and Phase III trials. We hypothesized that treatment with GAD-alum ...
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4 ± 88.4 (log10 2.45 ± 1.95). YC-Brij700chitosan-gp140 but not YC-SDS-gp140 nor YC-NaMA-gp140 promoted significant specific-gp140 IgA titers (P < 0.05) after three immunizations (90 days). Such effect was comparable to that of Alum at the same time point (P < 0.05). However, the effect of NP as a whole on serum specific-gp140 IgA after i.d. immunization was low because the kinetics and magnitude of specific-gp140 IgA responses promoted by Alum after the first boost (60 days) was significantly superior to those of NP ( Fig. 4C). To test whether YC-wax NP modulated T-helper cell responses, the gp140 specific IgG1/IgG2a. ratio was also determined by ELISA. Of note, gp140 alone induced an IgG response that was biased selleck screening library towards a Th2 phenotype. Such a response did not appear to be modulated by Alum, YC-wax NaMA or YC-wax Brij700-chitosan (Fig. 4D). However, YC-wax SDS appeared to induce a more balanced Th1/Th2 response. (Fig. 4D). To test whether NP were also capable of ...
To prepare the crystals of the given substances (Copper sulphate,Potash alum ,Benzoic acid) form their impure samples through crystallization.
The separate effects of size dependent growth and size dispersion can be evaluated from batch crystallization tests using seeds with a bimodal size distribution. Size dependency of growth is evaluated from the separation of the means of each peak, and size dispersion by the spreading of the peaks. Results are given for sucrose and potash alum ...
I had a 1.094g of mystery Alum. "AB(SO4)c. dH2O" (I assume that that the Alum is KAl(SO4)2-12H2O but we dont know A B c or d, we do know that mass percent of water is 51.9) After processing the alum (Ba(NO3)2 and HNO3 through a gooch ...
If soil Indices* are below the target level the second section of the Calculator provides a guide to the quantity of nutrient which is likely to be required to correct the deficiency. This will vary according to the level of deficiency and the soil type. The quantity will usually be more than can reasonably be applied in one season, and the Calculator asks by how much and how quickly you want to correct the deficiency, i.e. over how many years. The desired improvement can be input by Index or more precisely by mg/litre as determined by soil analysis*. Once all relevant information has been input (for one or both nutrients) clicking on the Calculate button will provide a guide to the total quantity of nutrient(s) which will be required. The annual dressing is also shown, according to the timescale selected. The bottom line shows this annual deficiency-correcting application, together with the maintenance dressing. The cost of the nutrient(s) required to correct the deficiency should not be ...
Potash Corp. lowered earnings guidance just a couple of weeks before its third quarter earnings release. That comes after dour comments from chief competitors Mosaic and Agrium . But don't
Aluminum Sulfate - Mixing a 1/4 lb of this mild acetic crystal in a gallon of water, along with 1 lb of salt, will aid in the pickling and setting of hair on your skins. Can be used in conjunction with other types of acids when you have a problem skin come into the shop. AVAILABLE IN 5LB, 10LB, 25LB AND 50LB QUANTITIES.. ...
AllianceBernstein Holding LP AB, +0.36% said Monday it has named former McGraw-Hill Cos. MHP, +0.00% executive John C. Weisenseel as its new financial chief.. Weisenseel most recently worked as chief financial officer for McGraw-Hills Standard & Poors credit ratings business. Prior to his time with Standard & Poors, Weisenseel was McGraw-Hills corporate treasurer.. Before working at McGraw-Hill, Weisenseel served as corporate treasurer for Barnes & Noble Inc. (BKS) and in a variety of derivatives trading and financial positions at Citigroup Inc. (C).. John brings a wealth of experience from his years of managing corporate finance and treasury functions for multi-billion-dollar corporations, as well as deep industry knowledge from the time hes spent in trading and risk management, AllianceBernstein Chief Operating Office James A. Gingrich said Monday.. Weisenseel replaces Edward J. Farrell in the post, who had been working as the firms interim chief financial officer since February 2011. ...
According to a new paper published in the journal Nature, Esteva and a team of researchers have trained a computer to identify images of skin cancer moles and lesions as accurately as a dermatologist.
Joseph Berardino 72 sees parallels between leadership and classic Greek tragedies. "There are incredible calamities," he said recently in an interview with The Mirror, "but the focus is not that there was trouble, but what you did with it, where you went from there." Berardino is still remembered in business circles for one major calamity: He was CEO of Anderson Worldwide, one of the "Big 5" accounting firms, at the time when one of its biggest clients, Enron, collapsed in 2002 in what was one of the largest bankruptcy scandals in U.S. history, leaving many people unemployed. "I was the CEO of the company, and when we got in trouble I was the voice of our firm," said Berardino, who tried mightily to explain the situation to both the media and Congress. "In a crisis, the only thing you can do is lead with your values; you cant cover up or spin it." Read about Berardinos "Fall from Grace" After graduating from Fairfield in 1972 with a degree in accounting, Berardino joined Arthur Andersen. He ...
Last years guidance on how firms can comply with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act can be a key guidepost for firms looking to stay in line with the anti-bribery law, members of a panel of U.S. Department of Justice alumni said.
Given the rigorous yet supportive nature of the Honors College at Westminster, graduates of the program are successful in a variety of careers and fields.
Just keeping track for the folks at home, here -- this is his alma mater, after all. Sounds like a great fit for his skill-set, too. Heres the story, out of San Francisco -- do go read it all: . . . .Kim, 55, who earned his Ph.D. in biochemistry from Stanford in 1985, will…
morning : Phos.. ++ afternoon : Gels.. ++ evening, in bed : Carb-v.. ++ night : Kali-c.. ++ bed, in : Carb-v., fago., led.. ++ external : Carb-an.. ++ loss of fluids : Ph-ac.. ++ menses, during : Carb-v.. ++ scratching, after : Kreos.. ++ spots : Plan.. ++ wandering : Plat.. ++ Joints : Abrot., ant-t., carb-v., guare., kali-c., mang., nat-c., nat-n., nit-ac., plat., thu., zinc.. ++ Nails : Alum., ant-c., calc., caust., Graph., hep., merc., nat-m., nux-v., puls., sep., sulph.. ++ Upper limbs : Agar., alum., ars-h., ars., arum-t., arund., asaf., aur-m-n., aur-m., aur., bell., berb., bov., bry., bufo-r., calc., carb-v., chin., com., con., corn., crot-t., cur., dig., graph., hep., jug-c., jug-r., kali-bi., kali-c., lith-m., lyc., lyss., mag-m., med., merc., mez., mur-ac., nat-m., petr., ph-ac., phos., plat., plb., puls., rhus-t., rhus-v., sil., spong., stann., stram., sulph., thu., urt-u., zinc.. ...
Dosing Chemicals like RO Antiscalent, Coagulants ( Lime, PAC, Ferrous Sulphate & Alum) & PH Correction Chemicals.. We Offer customised Dosing System by understanding the dosing requirements. It also can be upgraded to automate by PLC and SCADA.. ...
February 2011 This video focuses on probability with geometry representations. Download the activity sheet here. Download the activity sheet solutions here. Video by Art of Problem Solvings Richard Rusczyk, a MATHCOUNTS alum. Visit Art of Problem Solving for many more educational resources.
Extensor muscles : Calc-p.. ++ Flexors : Ptel.. ++ Upper limbs : Alum., arg-n., ars., asaf., benz-ac., berb., bry., cact., calc-p., calc., cann-i., carb-ac., carb-s., caust., cham., chin-s., com., croc., dios., dirc., dol., dulc., Eup-per., euphr., fl-ac., gamb., gels., glon., ham., ip., jug-c., kalm., lac-c., lach., lil-t., lob-s., lyc., lyss., merc-i-f., merc., mosch., myric., naja., nat-a., nit-ac., ph-ac., phyt., pip-m., puls-n., raph., rhod., staph., sumb., tarax., thu., verat-v., zing.. ...
Old School 1983 Scarab III New 565 Cu in 600 hp/ 650 ft lbs Full Roller Gen VI motors Withh Alum Heads )Pro Built (Neal Vance Racing ) Have Dyno
|img src=\http://cdnph.upi.com/rss/upi/68e39e29750c89d13487aa3fdb10403b/Matthew-Lewis-visits-Cursed-Child-cast-in-London_t.jpg\ /|Sarah Mulé|br /|LONDON, Nov. 7 (UPI) -- \Harry Potter\ alum Matthew Lewis took in the \&q
A story in Global Comment featured alums Kate Trumbull and Joanna Sokolowski, who noted, "Kate and I met in grad school and were looking to make a film together. We were coming from a UC Santa Cruz program run by badass women--(professors) B. Ruby Rich and Renee Tajima--Peña. Not only is their personal work inspiring, but they fostered an environment that changed my vision of what feminist films and filmmakers could achieve." ...
(So named (Dutch: potasch, potash) in 1807 by Humphry Davy, who first isolated it from potash) A soft, silver-white, waxlike metallic chemic...
Wessely not only denies the existence of ME and of Gulf War Syndrome: he has denied that residents of Camelford were poisoned by aluminium sulphate. In July 1988, 20 tonnes of aluminium sulphate were accidentally pumped into the drinking water supplies of the small town of Camelford in Cornwall. It was reported that in the Camelford catastrophe, seven people died; 25,000 suffered serious health effects, and 40,000 animals were affected. (Dr Douglas Cross. The Ecologist:1990:20:6:228-233). Five years later, an article by Bernard Dixon entitled "Still waters" was published in the BMJ (5th August 1995: 311:395); it informed readers that: "mass hysteria was largely responsible for the furore". Dixons article was based on a 1995 "re-assessment" of the Camelford incident by psychiatrists Anthony David and Simon Wessely which was published in the Journal of Psychosomatic Research (1995:39:1-9). Dixon noted that David and Wessely had found that anxiety was the cause of the symptoms and that there was ...
Business Directory for caustic potash flakes Suppliers in Navi Mumbai - Get contact details of caustic potash flakes Manufacturers, Wholesale caustic potash flakes Exporters, Best caustic potash flakes Traders & Distributors Across the Navi Mumbai.
Alum sludge from a Tampa water treatment plant was found to significantly reduce phosphorus release from anaerobic bottom sediments. The kinetics of phosphorus uptake by the sludge was evaluated in batch reactors. Further, the impact of the sludge on benthic organisms was determined in aquarium systems. Aquariums were set up with sediments and organisms from various lake habitats. Organisms were allowed to establish themselves and then test aquaria were dosed with alum sludge to cover the sediments. Benthic survival and heavy metal uptake were evaluated. Favorable phosphorus uptake was demonstrated in the batch reactors. The uptake kinetics were found to closely follow both Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms over a wide range of sludge dose and phosphorus concentrations. Benthic organisms typical of polluted environments were not adversely affected by the sludge additions. However, oligochaetes exposed to the sludge had elevated metal concentrations. Clean water organisms were somewhat less
Many people believe that you can get a single dose tetanus-only shot. The only tetanus vaccine available in the U.S. contains both diphtheria toxoid and tetanus toxoid. Following are the ingredients and description of manufacturing for Sanofi Pasteur s DT (Diphtheria/Tetanus) pediatric vaccine taken straight out of the package insert: DESCRIPTION Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids Adsorbed USP (For Pediatric Use) (DT), for intramuscular use, is a sterile suspension of alum-precipitated (aluminum potassium sulfate) toxoid in an isotonic sodium chloride solution. The vaccine, after shaking, is a turbid liquid, whitish-gray in color. Corynebacterium diphtheriae cultures are grown in a modified Mueller and Miller medium.1 Clostridium tetani cultures are grown in a peptone-based medium containing bovine extract. The meat used in this medium is US sourced. Both toxins are detoxified with formaldehyde. The detoxified materials are then separately purified by serial ammonium sulfate fractionation and ...
Disclosed is a method of producing a functionalized layer and an aluminum hydroxide layer on an aluminum substrate, the aluminum hydroxide layer located between the substrate and the functionalized layer. The method comprises the steps of subjecting an aluminum substrate to a hydrothermal treatment in an aqueous solution having a pH in the range of 2 to 14 to form a layer of aluminum hydroxide on said substrate and thereafter treating said aluminum substrate with a phosphorus-containing acid selected from phosphonic and phosphonic acid to form a functionalized layer on said aluminum hydroxide layer, the functionalized layer comprised of the reaction product of said acid and the layer of aluminum hydroxide.
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Performance of Moringa oleifera seed extract as primary coagulant and as coagulant aid with alum in clarification of turbid coloured water was examined and compared with the performance of alum. M. oleifera seed extract is effective as prime coagulant and as coagulant aid with alum. Compared with alum (residual filtrate turbidity 2 NTU and residual colour 3 TCU), it produces water with slightly higher residual filtrate turbidity (4 and 3 NTU) and residual colour (15 and 13 TCU), but the residual turbidity and residual colour are within the WHO (2006) drinking water guideline values for turbidity (5 NTU) and colour (15 TCU). ...

iHerb.com - Customer Reviews -Crystal Body Deodorant, Travel Stick, Deodorant, 1.5 oz (40 g)iHerb.com - Customer Reviews -Crystal Body Deodorant, Travel Stick, Deodorant, 1.5 oz (40 g)

Ive searched for studies on the safety of ammonium alum, the compound in this deodorant, but have not been able to find ... This mineral salts (Alum) fights with the bacteria that cause the odor. Prevent smell and not harmful as an antiperspirants. It ... This mineral salts (Alum) fights with the bacteria that cause the odor. Prevent smell and not harmful as an antiperspirants. It ... This mineral salts (Alum) fights with the bacteria that cause the odor. Prevent smell and not harmful as an antiperspirants. It ...
more infohttps://www.iherb.com/r/Crystal-Body-Deodorant-Travel-Stick-Deodorant-1-5-oz-40-g/5665/?p=1

Deodorant Health Risks | Side Effects of Deodorant & AntiperspirantDeodorant Health Risks | Side Effects of Deodorant & Antiperspirant

Mineral salts or potassium alum, occur naturally and work by forming a temporary layer on the skin, rather than plugging up the ... The studies further suggeest that aluminum-based compounds that are applied and absorbed near the breast can cause estrogen- ...
more infohttp://www.cleure.com/Antiperspirant-Deodorant-Health-Risk-s/244.htm

How to Make Homemade Natural Deodorant: A RecipeHow to Make Homemade Natural Deodorant: A Recipe

... can be broken down in the digestive tract to create a compound called TMA (trimethylamine). This compound can be excreted ... Dont want to go back to "natural" store bought because it has alum and Im not sure that isnt aluminum in disguise. So I just ... I got an email from a company that makes a natural deo saying, " Corn starch can contain many chemicals and alum salts from the ... So, if youre looking for something natural b/c you dont want the alum in your system. Avoid this crystal like the plague. ...
more infohttps://www.kitchenstewardship.com/effective-homemade-deodorant-my-baby-steps-story/

Category:Alum - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Alum - Wikimedia Commons

... chemical compound (en) alumbres (es); 白礬, Alum (yue); ကျောက်ချဥ် (my); Kalialun, Alumen, Aluminiumkaliumsulfat, E 522, ... alum (ca); Alaun (de); زاج (fa); สารส้ม (th); 矾 (zh-hans); alum (sco) composto chimico (it); terme générique désignant les ... Media in category "Alum". The following 38 files are in this category, out of 38 total. ... Sandsend Alum Workings - geograph.org.uk - 218000.jpg 640 × 480; 95 KB. ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Alum

Comparison of antibody avidity and titre elicited by peptide as a protein conjugate or as expressed in vacciniaComparison of antibody avidity and titre elicited by peptide as a protein conjugate or as expressed in vaccinia

Alum Compounds (MeSH) * Animals (MeSH) * Antibodies, Protozoan (MeSH) * Antibody Affinity (MeSH) * Antigens, Protozoan (MeSH) ... Alum was a poor adjuvant, producing the lowest titre and avidity of antibody compared with all the other groups. Peptide ...
more infohttps://scholars.latrobe.edu.au/display/publication17642

AnthraxAnthrax

Alum Compounds. 1. + 14. Ciprofloxacin. 1. + 15. Receptors, Peptide. 1. + 16. Diaminopimelic Acid. 1. + ...
more infohttps://lookfordiagnosis.com/results.php?symptoms=Anthrax&lang=1&parent=%2F&mode=F&therapy_ap=1

Aluminium: The Thirteenth Element - WikipediaAluminium: The Thirteenth Element - Wikipedia

... alum - compound substances with chemical structures containing aluminium; production technologies alum and areas of their ... Basic data on the structure of aluminium atoms; different compounds containing aluminium; chemical and physical properties; ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aluminium:_The_Thirteenth_Element

Aluminum alloys facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Aluminum alloysAluminum alloys facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Aluminum alloys

Aluminum was named for one its most important compounds, alum. Alum is a compound of potassium, aluminum, sulfur, and oxygen. ... No one is sure when alum was first used by humans. The ancient Greeks and Romans were familiar with the compound alum. It was ... Aluminum was named for one of its most important compounds, alum, a compound of potassium, aluminum, sulfur, and oxygen. The ... formation on the type of magnesia, potassa, soda for the earth of alum, aluminium oxide. f. L. alūmen, alūmin- ALUM.. So ...
more infohttps://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/chemistry/compounds-and-elements/aluminum-alloys

Bristol-Myers Squibb - WikipediaBristol-Myers Squibb - Wikipedia

5, where a brief allusion appears under the appellation of Compound Alum Powder. Dr. F. R. Squibb, however, in a letter to the ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bristol-Myers_Squibb

Scientists Analyze Composition of Ancient Egyptian Bones - Archaeology MagazineScientists Analyze Composition of Ancient Egyptian Bones - Archaeology Magazine

The aluminum is thought to have come from the potassium alum compound added to drinking water to reduce cloudiness, while the ...
more infohttps://www.archaeology.org/news/8184-191114-egypt-bones-soil

Spicey Pickled Dogs or Homemade Bahama Mamas: 4 StepsSpicey Pickled Dogs or Homemade Bahama Mama's: 4 Steps

You need a compound called alum. Amazon sell it as Fatakdi powder, potassium Suphate. It has quite a few uses apart from ... Yes, Ive used the alum each time. Im beginning to think after watching some shows on smoking sausage that I might be cooking ...
more infohttp://www.instructables.com/id/Pickled-dogs-or-homemade-Bahama-Mamas/

alum facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about alumalum facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about alum

Make research projects and school reports about alum easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... or potash alum, KAl(SO4)2·12H2O, a colorless-to-white, crystalline compound. It is used in water purification, leather tanning ... alum (ăl´əm), any one of a series of isomorphous double salts that are hydrated sulfates of a univalent cation (e.g., potassium ... Aluminum sulfate, Al2(SO4)3·18H2O, is also called alum. A pseudoalum is a double sulfate salt of a divalent cation (e.g., ...
more infohttps://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/chemistry/compounds-and-elements/alum

List of MeSH codes (D01) - WikipediaList of MeSH codes (D01) - Wikipedia

... alum compounds MeSH D01.875.800.800.850.050 --- ammonium sulfate MeSH D01.875.800.800.850.075 --- barium sulfate MeSH D01.875. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MeSH_codes_(D01)

Patent US4440649 - Well drilling and completion fluid composition - Google PatentsPatent US4440649 - Well drilling and completion fluid composition - Google Patents

Process for producing purified cesium compound from cesium alum. US6017856 *. Dec 4, 1998. Jan 25, 2000. Verdugt B.V.. Well ... The anionic portions of the compounds are non-reactive with clays, are non-toxic and do not form insoluble compounds with ... Process for producing a predetermined cesium compound. US6484821 *. Nov 10, 2000. Nov 26, 2002. M-I L.L.C.. Shale hydration ... Other potassium compounds such as potassium carbonate and potassium bicarbonate have been utilized in well treatment fluids, ...
more infohttp://www.google.com/patents/US4440649?dq=6978253

MATH 1105 : College Algebra - Palm Beach Community CollegeMATH 1105 : College Algebra - Palm Beach Community College

What is Alum? and Application areas of Alum.(10 points) Alums are iconic compounds cons ... Kamel 1 Rachel Kamel Professor Ozlem Yavuz-Petrowski CHM1045L 13 October 2016 Experiment 6: Synthesis of Alum 1. ... The surface contains lots of iron oxide, the same compound that gives blood and ru ...
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Platelet Disorder Support Association - for People with ITP - Deaths from flu complications/flu - PDSA Discussion GroupPlatelet Disorder Support Association - for People with ITP - Deaths from flu complications/flu - PDSA Discussion Group

Vaccines commonly contain adjuvants [e.g., aluminum compound (alum)] which prod immune and inflammatory responses. ... Alum activates the inflammasome at least in part, in causing a Muckle-Wells syndrome-like effect which is manifested as fever, ... Vaccine makers claim that the trace amount of alum blended into a vaccine is harmless thus has to be reexamined from a chronic ... Alum adjuvant has been implicated in exacerbating vaccination-induced inflammation by modulating multiple immune cells toward ...
more infohttps://pdsa.org/discussion-group/10-social-chat/30257-deaths-from-flu-complications-flu.html

Dual Diaphragm Pump & Chemical Feed Sensor  | WWDDual Diaphragm Pump & Chemical Feed Sensor | WWD

Alum is a chemical compound. It is a hydrated double sulfate of aluminum and potassium used to remove turbidity. When used ... However, there had been concern that the amount of pressure needed to inject the alum is too high for use with M-3 peristaltic ... In addition, by installing the feed sensor, Suez can quickly verify the exact amount of alum injected into the application, and ... Suez Water Treatment Plant in Toms River needed to precisely meter a low concentration of alum at a high pressure. ...
more infohttps://www.wwdmag.com/pumps-chemical-feed/dual-diaphragm-pump-chemical-feed-sensor

post by Nairdapost by Nairda

All of the earths aluminum has combined with other elements to form compounds. Two of the most common compounds are alum, such ...
more infohttp://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread661940/pg14

NAVER Academic > Search...NAVER Academic > Search...

Adjuvants, Immunologic, chemistry, Alum Compounds, Animals, Antigens, CD11b, biosynthesis, CpG Islands, Cytokines, metabolism, ...
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NAVER Academic > Search...NAVER Academic > Search...

Alum Compounds, chemistry, Aluminum, analysis, blood, pharmacokinetics, Animals, Brain, metabolism, Drugs, Chinese Herbal, Hot ... Assay of aluminum content in alum and alum-processed medicinal herbs and its distribution in blood and brain in mice].. 1999 Y ...
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  • Although alum is known to induce the production of proinflammatory cytokines in vitro, it has been repeatedly demonstrated that alum does not require intact Toll-like receptor signalling to activate the immune system. (nih.gov)
  • Production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta and interleukin-18 by macrophages in response to alum in vitro required intact inflammasome signalling. (nih.gov)
  • Suez Water Treatment Plant in Toms River needed to precisely meter a low concentration of alum at a high pressure. (wwdmag.com)
  • However, there had been concern that the amount of pressure needed to inject the alum is too high for use with M-3 peristaltic style pumps, which could result in decreased tube life, thus the need for numerous tube replacements. (wwdmag.com)
  • Suez successfully injects a low concentration of alum at high pressure using the dual diaphragm metering pump, and there is never a need for tube replacement. (wwdmag.com)
  • In addition, by installing the feed sensor, Suez can quickly verify the exact amount of alum injected into the application, and that information is automatically sent to the SCADA system. (wwdmag.com)
  • b , LPS-primed macrophages were stimulated with the indicated amount of Imject alum for 8 h and analysed as in a . c , Unprimed or LPS-primed WT, ASC-deficient, Nalp3-deficient, caspase-1-deficient (Casp1) and Ipaf-deficient macrophages were stimulated with Imject alum (500 µg ml −1 ) for 8 h, and the IL-1β released into the culture supernatants was measured by ELISA. (nih.gov)
  • 2. To introduce the lesson, display the crystals you have grown, along with saucers or petri dishes of salt, sugar, and alum granules. (iit.edu)
  • production technologies alum and areas of their application in the Ancient Times and Middle Ages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sprinkling alum over a cut causes the skin to close over the cut and start its healing. (encyclopedia.com)