Multiple symptoms associated with reduced oxygen at high ALTITUDE.
Disorder caused by motion, as sea sickness, train sickness, car sickness, air sickness, or SPACE MOTION SICKNESS. It may include nausea, vomiting and dizziness.
A sport involving mountain climbing techniques.
Immune complex disease caused by the administration of foreign serum or serum proteins and characterized by fever, lymphadenopathy, arthralgia, and urticaria. When they are complexed to protein carriers, some drugs can also cause serum sickness when they act as haptens inducing antibody responses.
An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
A condition occurring as a result of exposure to a rapid fall in ambient pressure. Gases, nitrogen in particular, come out of solution and form bubbles in body fluid and blood. These gas bubbles accumulate in joint spaces and the peripheral circulation impairing tissue oxygenation causing disorientation, severe pain, and potentially death.
Chronic absence from work or other duty.
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
An insect-borne reovirus infection of horses, mules and donkeys in Africa and the Middle East; characterized by pulmonary edema, cardiac involvement, and edema of the head and neck.
A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
The pressure at any point in an atmosphere due solely to the weight of the atmospheric gases above the point concerned.
Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.
A hemoflagellate subspecies of parasitic protozoa that causes Gambian or West African sleeping sickness in humans. The vector host is usually the tsetse fly (Glossina).
Experimental devices used in inhalation studies in which a person or animal is either partially or completely immersed in a chemically controlled atmosphere.
Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.
Symptoms of NAUSEA and VOMITING in pregnant women that usually occur in the morning during the first 2 to 3 months of PREGNANCY. Severe persistent vomiting during pregnancy is called HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDARUM.
Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.
Carrying out of specific physical routines or procedures by one who is trained or skilled in physical activity. Performance is influenced by a combination of physiological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors.
A clinical condition characterized by fever and profuse sweating and associated with high mortality. It occurred in epidemic form five times in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in England, first in 1485 and last in 1551, specially during the summer and early autumn, attacking the relatively affluent adult male population. The etiology was unknown.
A hemoflagellate subspecies of parasitic protozoa that causes Rhodesian sleeping sickness in humans. It is carried by Glossina pallidipes, G. morsitans and occasionally other species of game-attacking tsetse flies.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Bolivia" is not a medical term that has a definition in the field of medicine. It is actually the name of a country, specifically the Plurinational State of Bolivia, located in South America. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you!
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Nepal" is not a medical term that has a definition in the field of medicine. It is actually the name of a country located in South Asia, known officially as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you!
Fixed sums paid regularly to individuals.
A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)
Bloodsucking flies of the genus Glossina, found primarily in equatorial Africa. Several species are intermediate hosts of trypanosomes.
One of the CARBONIC ANHYDRASE INHIBITORS that is sometimes effective against absence seizures. It is sometimes useful also as an adjunct in the treatment of tonic-clonic, myoclonic, and atonic seizures, particularly in women whose seizures occur or are exacerbated at specific times in the menstrual cycle. However, its usefulness is transient often because of rapid development of tolerance. Its antiepileptic effect may be due to its inhibitory effect on brain carbonic anhydrase, which leads to an increased transneuronal chloride gradient, increased chloride current, and increased inhibition. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p337)
Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.
A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.
Arsenical used in trypanosomiases. It may cause fatal encephalopathy and other undesirable side effects.
Resumption of normal work routine following a hiatus or period of absence due to injury, disability, or other reasons.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Agents destructive to the protozoal organisms belonging to the suborder TRYPANOSOMATINA.
A hemoflagellate subspecies of parasitic protozoa that causes nagana in domestic and game animals in Africa. It apparently does not infect humans. It is transmitted by bites of tsetse flies (Glossina).
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)
Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Peru" is not a medical term or concept, it is a country located in South America, known officially as the Republic of Peru. If you have any questions about medical topics that I can help clarify, please let me know!
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sweden" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. It is a country located in Northern Europe. If you have any questions related to medical topics or definitions, I would be happy to try to help answer them!
An acute, often fatal disease caused by the ingestion of milk, milk products, or the flesh of cattle or sheep which have a disease known as trembles. It is marked by weakness, anorexia, vomiting, constipation, and sometimes muscular tremors. It is caused by poisoning by white snakeroot (Eupatorium rugosum) and the rayless goldenrod (Haplopappus heterophyllus). (From Dorland, 27th ed)
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Reducing staff to cut costs or to achieve greater efficiency.
A class of compounds that reduces the secretion of H+ ions by the proximal kidney tubule through inhibition of CARBONIC ANHYDRASES.
An increase in the total red cell mass of the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Government sponsored social insurance programs.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
Physicians employed in a company or corporate setting that is generally not in the health care industry.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
Planning, organizing, and administering all activities related to personnel.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.

Barometric pressures on Mt. Everest: new data and physiological significance. (1/315)

Barometric pressures (PB) near the summit of Mt. Everest (altitude 8, 848 m) are of great physiological interest because the partial pressure of oxygen is very near the limit for human survival. Until recently, the only direct measurement on the summit was 253 Torr, which was obtained in October 1981, but, despite being only one data point, this value has been used by several investigators. Recently, two new studies were carried out. In May 1997, another direct measurement on the summit was within approximately 1 Torr of 253 Torr, and meteorologic data recorded at the same time from weather balloons also agreed closely. In the summer of 1998, over 2,000 measurements were transmitted from a barometer placed on the South Col (altitude 7,986 m). The mean PB values during May, June, July, and August were 284, 285, 286, and 287 Torr, respectively, and there was close agreement with the PB-altitude (h) relationship determined from the 1981 data. The PB values are well predicted from the equation PB = exp (6.63268 - 0.1112 h - 0.00149 h2), where h is in kilometers. The conclusion is that on days when the mountain is usually climbed, during May and October, the summit pressure is 251-253 Torr.  (+info)

Effects of acute prolonged exposure to high-altitude hypoxia on exercise-induced breathlessness. (2/315)

The direct effects of hypoxia on exercise-induced breathlessness are unclear. Increased breathlessness on exercise is known to occur at high altitude, but it is not known whether this is related to the hypoxia per se, or to other ventilatory parameters. To examine the role of high-altitude hypoxia in exercise-induced breathlessness, studies were performed in 10 healthy, normal subjects at sea level and after acute exposure to an altitude of 4450 m. Although the perception of hand weights did not alter between sea level and high altitude, the intensity of exercise-induced breathlessness increased significantly at high altitude. This was associated with a higher minute ventilation and respiratory frequency for any given exercise level, whereas tidal volume was not significantly altered from sea level values. The increased intensity of breathlessness with exercise did not change significantly over the 5 days at high altitude. These results suggest that the increased intensity of exercise-induced breathlessness at high altitude is not related to peripheral mechanisms or the pattern of ventilation, or to the level of hypoxia per se, but to the level of reflexly increased ventilation.  (+info)

Acute mountain sickness is not related to cerebral blood flow: a decompression chamber study. (3/315)

To evaluate the pathogenetic role of cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes occurring before and during the development of acute mountain sickness (AMS), peak mean middle cerebral artery flow velocities () were assessed by transcranial Doppler sonography in 10 subjects at 490-m altitude, and during three 12-min periods immediately (SA1), 3 (SA2), and 6 (SA3) h after decompression to a simulated altitude of 4,559 m. AMS cerebral scores increased from 0. 16 +/- 0.14 at baseline to 0.44 +/- 0.31 at SA1, 1.11 +/- 0.88 at SA2 (P < 0.05), and 1.43 +/- 1.03 at SA3 (P < 0.01); correspondingly, three, seven, and eight subjects had AMS. Absolute and relative at simulated altitude, expressed as percentages of low-altitude values (%), did not correlate with AMS cerebral scores. Average % remained unchanged, because % increased in three and remained unchanged or decreased in seven subjects at SA2 and SA3. These results suggest that CBF is not important in the pathogenesis of AMS and shows substantial interindividual differences during the first hours at simulated altitude.  (+info)

Appetite at "high altitude" [Operation Everest III (Comex-'97)]: a simulated ascent of Mount Everest. (4/315)

We hypothesized that progressive loss of body mass during high-altitude sojourns is largely caused by decreased food intake, possibly due to hypobaric hypoxia. Therefore we assessed the effect of long-term hypobaric hypoxia per se on appetite in eight men who were exposed to a 31-day simulated stay at several altitudes up to the peak of Mt. Everest (8,848 m). Palatable food was provided ad libitum, and stresses such as cold exposure and exercise were avoided. At each altitude, body mass, energy, and macronutrient intake were measured; attitude toward eating and appetite profiles during and between meals were assessed by using questionnaires. Body mass reduction of an average of 5 +/- 2 kg was mainly due to a reduction in energy intake of 4.2 +/- 2 MJ/day (P < 0.01). At 5,000- and 6,000-m altitudes, subjects had hardly any acute mountain sickness symptoms and meal size reductions (P < 0.01) were related to a more rapid increase in satiety (P < 0.01). Meal frequency was increased from 4 +/- 1 to 7 +/- 1 eating occasions per day (P < 0. 01). At 7,000 m, when acute mountain sickness symptoms were present, uncoupling between hunger and desire to eat occurred and prevented a food intake necessary to meet energy balance requirements. On recovery, body mass was restored up to 63% after 4 days; this suggests physiological fluid retention with the return to sea level. We conclude that exposure to hypobaric hypoxia per se appears to be associated with a change in the attitude toward eating and with a decreased appetite and food intake.  (+info)

Effects of high altitude and hypophagia on mineral metabolism of rats. (5/315)

Electrolyte excretion and balance were compared in meal-eating, adlibitum-fed rats maintained in Denver (1,600 m) and on Pikes Peak (4,300 m) and in meal-eating rats maintained in Denver but pair-fed to the Pikes Peak animals. Most of the changes in excretion and balance at Pikes Peak were attributable to hypophagia. At both elevations, equivalent decrements in mineral intake led to nearly equivalent decrements in mineral excretion. Comparisons of the Pikes Peak and Denver pair-fed animals, however, revealed certain changes that were unique to high altitude. These included a marked and sustained reduction in ammonia excretion over the 13-day period of exposure. The higher elevation also produced an enhanced sodium excretion on day 1 of exposure and a reduced sodium balance over the first 6 days. Potassium balance showed no changes unique to high altitude during the first 6 days on Pikes Peak but was significantly reduced during week 2 of exposure. The urinary sodium:potassium ratio was elevated during the first 4 days at 4,300 m, but this effect was attributable to altitude on day 1 only. Enhanced calcium and magnesium excretions, relative to those observed in the pair-fed rats, were observed over the middle and latter portions of the exposure period. The balance of these two minerals showed no altitude-dependent effects. Chloride and phosphate excretions showed an altitude-dependent reduction during day 1 and week 1 of exposure, respectively. These changes were associated with more positive balances. It is concluded that the altitude-dependent effects on mineral metabolism are largely, if not entirely, attributable to hypocapnia and associated alkalosis.  (+info)

Role of the spleen in the exaggerated polycythemic response to hypoxia in chronic mountain sickness in rats. (6/315)

In a rat model of chronic mountain sickness, the excessive polycythemic response to hypoxic exposure is associated with profound splenic erythropoiesis. We studied the uptake and distribution of radioactive iron and red blood cell (RBC) morphology in intact and splenectomized rats over a 30-day hypoxic exposure. Retention of (59)Fe in the plasma was correlated with (59)Fe uptake by both spleen and marrow and the appearance of (59)Fe-labeled RBCs in the blood. (59)Fe uptake in both the spleen and the marrow paralleled the production of nucleated RBCs. Splenic (59)Fe uptake was approximately 10% of the total marrow uptake under normoxic conditions but increased to 60% of the total marrow uptake during hypoxic exposure. Peak splenic (59)Fe uptake and splenomegaly occurred at the most intense phase of erythropoiesis and coincided with the rapid appearance of (59)Fe-labeled RBCs in the blood. The bone marrow remains the most important erythropoietic organ under both resting and stimulated states, but inordinate splenic erythropoiesis in this rat strain accounts in large measure for the excessive polycythemia during the development of chronic mountain sickness in chronic hypoxia.  (+info)

Hypoxia reduces airway epithelial sodium transport in rats. (7/315)

Ascent to high altitude leads to pulmonary edema formation in some individuals. Recent laboratory evidence supports the hypothesis that hypoxia may impair the function of the alveolar epithelium and thus augment edema accumulation via reduced clearance of lung liquid. We investigated the effect of hypobaric hypoxia on epithelial sodium transport in adult Sprague-Dawley rats by measuring the nasal transepithelial potential difference (PD) as an index of airway sodium transport. Baseline PDs were similar to those previously reported in other species. Administration of amiloride resulted in a significant fall in nasal PD, as did ouabain administration for 24 h (-27.8 vs. -18.8 mV; P = 0.001; n = 5 rats). Exposure to hypobaric hypoxia (0.5 atm) for 24 h caused a significant fall in nasal PD (-23.7 vs. -18.8 mV; P = 0.002; n = 15 rats), which was not additive to the changes in nasal PD produced by amiloride or ouabain. We conclude that subacute exposure to moderate hypobaric hypoxia can inhibit sodium transport by the airway epithelium in rats.  (+info)

Blood pressure and plasma catecholamines in acute and prolonged hypoxia: effects of local hypothermia. (8/315)

This study measured the pressor and plasma catecholamine response to local hypothermia during adaptation to hypobaric hypoxia. Eight healthy men were studied at rest and after 10 and 45 min of local cooling of one hand and forearm as well as after 30 min of rewarming at sea level and again 24 h and 5 days after rapid, passive transport to high altitude (4,559 m). Acute mountain sickness scores ranged from 5 to 16 (maximal attainable score: 20) on the first day but were reduced to 0-8 by the fifth day. Systolic blood pressure, heart rate, and plasma epinephrine increased on day 1 at altitude compared with sea level but declined again on day 5, whereas diastolic and mean blood pressures continued to rise in parallel with plasma norepinephrine. With local cooling, an increased vasoactive response was seen on the fifth day at altitude. Very high pressures were obtained, and the pressure elevation was prolonged. Heart rate increased twice as much on day 5 compared with the other two occasions. Thoracic fluid index increased with cooling on day 5, suggesting an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance. In conclusion, prolonged hypoxia seems to elicit an augmented pressor response to local cooling in the systemic and most likely also the pulmonary circulation.  (+info)

Altitude sickness, also known as mountain sickness or hypobaropathy, is a condition that can occur when you travel to high altitudes (usually above 8000 feet or 2400 meters) too quickly. At high altitudes, the air pressure is lower and there is less oxygen available for your body to use. This can lead to various symptoms such as:

1. Headache
2. Dizziness or lightheadedness
3. Shortness of breath
4. Rapid heart rate
5. Nausea or vomiting
6. Fatigue or weakness
7. Insomnia
8. Swelling of the hands, feet, and face
9. Confusion or difficulty with coordination

There are three types of altitude sickness: acute mountain sickness (AMS), high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), and high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE). AMS is the mildest form, while HAPE and HACE can be life-threatening.

Preventive measures include gradual ascent to allow your body time to adjust to the altitude, staying hydrated, avoiding alcohol and heavy meals, and taking it easy during the first few days at high altitudes. If symptoms persist or worsen, immediate medical attention is necessary.

Motion sickness is a condition characterized by a disturbance in the balance and orientation senses, often triggered by conflicting information received from the eyes, inner ears, and other bodily sensory systems. It's typically brought on by motion such as that experienced during travel in cars, trains, boats, or airplanes, or even while using virtual reality devices. Symptoms can include dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and cold sweats.

The inner ear's vestibular system plays a key role in this condition. When the body is in motion but the inner ear remains still, or vice versa, it can cause the brain to receive conflicting signals about the body's state of motion, leading to feelings of disorientation and sickness.

Preventative measures for motion sickness include fixating on a stationary point outside the vehicle, avoiding reading or looking at electronic screens during travel, taking over-the-counter medications like dimenhydrinate (Dramamine) or scopolamine (Transderm Scop), and engaging in relaxation techniques such as deep breathing.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "mountaineering" is not a medical term. It is a term used to describe the sport or recreational activity of climbing mountains.

However, if we are talking about potential medical aspects related to mountaineering, it would be appropriate to discuss terms like "altitude sickness," "hypothermia," or "frostbite" which are conditions that a mountaineer might experience during their activities. But without further context, I can't provide a specific medical definition directly related to 'mountaineering'.

Serum sickness is an immune-mediated hypersensitivity reaction that typically occurs within 1 to 3 weeks after the administration of foreign proteins or drugs, such as certain types of antibiotics, antiserums, or monoclonal antibodies. It is characterized by symptoms such as fever, rash, joint pain, and lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes). These symptoms are caused by the formation of immune complexes, which deposit in various tissues and activate the complement system, leading to inflammation. Serum sickness can be treated with antihistamines, corticosteroids, and other immunomodulatory agents. It is important to note that serum sickness is different from anaphylaxis, which is a more severe, life-threatening allergic reaction that occurs immediately after exposure to an allergen.

"Sick leave" is not a medical term, but rather a term used in the context of employment and human resources. It refers to the time off from work that an employee is allowed to take due to illness or injury, for which they may still receive payment. The specific policies regarding sick leave, such as how much time is granted and whether it is paid or unpaid, can vary based on the employer's policies, labor laws, and collective bargaining agreements.

Decompression sickness (DCS), also known as "the bends," is a medical condition that results from dissolved gases coming out of solution in the body's tissues and forming bubbles during decompression. This typically occurs when a person who has been exposed to increased pressure at depth, such as scuba divers or compressed air workers, ascends too quickly.

The elevated pressure at depth causes nitrogen to dissolve into the blood and tissues of the body. As the diver ascends and the pressure decreases, the dissolved gases form bubbles, which can cause symptoms ranging from joint pain and rashes to paralysis and death. The risk of DCS is influenced by several factors, including depth, duration of exposure, rate of ascent, and individual susceptibility.

Prevention of DCS involves following established dive tables or using a personal decompression computer to calculate safe ascent rates and decompression stops. Additionally, proper hydration, fitness, and avoiding alcohol and tobacco before diving can reduce the risk of DCS. Treatment typically involves administering oxygen and recompression therapy in a hyperbaric chamber.

Absenteeism is a term used in the medical and occupational health fields to describe the habitual pattern of absence from work or school. It refers to an employee or student's repeated failure to show up for scheduled work or classes without a valid reason or excuse. Absenteeism can have various causes, including physical illness or injury, mental health issues, stress, burnout, disengagement, and poor job or school satisfaction. Chronic absenteeism can lead to negative consequences such as decreased productivity, increased healthcare costs, and reduced academic performance.

Acclimatization is the process by which an individual organism adjusts to a change in its environment, enabling it to maintain its normal physiological functions and thus survive and reproduce. In the context of medicine, acclimatization often refers to the body's adaptation to changes in temperature, altitude, or other environmental factors that can affect health.

For example, when a person moves from a low-altitude area to a high-altitude area, their body may undergo several physiological changes to adapt to the reduced availability of oxygen at higher altitudes. These changes may include increased breathing rate and depth, increased heart rate, and altered blood chemistry, among others. This process of acclimatization can take several days or even weeks, depending on the individual and the degree of environmental change.

Similarly, when a person moves from a cold climate to a hot climate, their body may adjust by increasing its sweat production and reducing its heat production, in order to maintain a stable body temperature. This process of acclimatization can help prevent heat-related illnesses such as heat exhaustion and heat stroke.

Overall, acclimatization is an important physiological process that allows organisms to adapt to changing environments and maintain their health and well-being.

African Horse Sickness (AHS) is a viral disease that primarily affects horses, donkeys, and mules. It is caused by the African horse sickness virus (AHSV), which belongs to the family Reoviridae and the genus Orbivirus. The disease is transmitted through the bite of certain species of midges or mosquitoes, known as Culicoides spp.

The clinical signs of AHS can vary in severity but typically include fever, depression, loss of appetite, and respiratory distress. The disease can manifest in three forms: the acute form, which is characterized by high fever, severe respiratory distress, and a high fatality rate; the subacute form, which features milder respiratory symptoms and a lower fatality rate; and the chronic form, which is marked by intermittent fever and swelling of the limbs and neck.

AHS is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa but has also been reported in the Middle East, North Africa, and parts of Asia. The disease is not found in the Americas or Australia, and strict quarantine measures are in place to prevent its introduction into these regions. There is no specific treatment for AHS, and prevention efforts focus on vaccination and vector control.

African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness, is a vector-borne parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma brucei. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected tsetse fly (Glossina spp.). The disease has two stages: an early hemolymphatic stage characterized by fever, swollen lymph nodes, and skin rashes; and a late neurological stage characterized by sleep disturbances, personality changes, and motor abnormalities. If left untreated, it can be fatal. The disease is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa, where an estimated 65 million people are at risk of infection.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Tibet" is not a medical term. It is a region in Asia that is currently under the political control of China, although it has a distinct cultural and historical heritage. Tibet is geographically located in the Tibetan Plateau, which is the highest region on Earth, with an average elevation of over 14,000 feet (4,267 meters) above sea level.

If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer them for you!

Anoxia is a medical condition that refers to the absence or complete lack of oxygen supply in the body or a specific organ, tissue, or cell. This can lead to serious health consequences, including damage or death of cells and tissues, due to the vital role that oxygen plays in supporting cellular metabolism and energy production.

Anoxia can occur due to various reasons, such as respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, severe blood loss, carbon monoxide poisoning, or high altitude exposure. Prolonged anoxia can result in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, a serious condition that can cause brain damage and long-term neurological impairments.

Medical professionals use various diagnostic tests, such as blood gas analysis, pulse oximetry, and electroencephalography (EEG), to assess oxygen levels in the body and diagnose anoxia. Treatment for anoxia typically involves addressing the underlying cause, providing supplemental oxygen, and supporting vital functions, such as breathing and circulation, to prevent further damage.

Atmospheric pressure, also known as barometric pressure, is the force per unit area exerted by the Earth's atmosphere on objects. It is measured in units of force per unit area, such as pascals (Pa), pounds per square inch (psi), or, more commonly, millimeters of mercury (mmHg).

Standard atmospheric pressure at sea level is defined as 101,325 Pa (14.7 psi) or 760 mmHg (29.92 inches of mercury). Atmospheric pressure decreases with increasing altitude, as the weight of the air above becomes less. This decrease in pressure can affect various bodily functions, such as respiration and digestion, and may require adaptation for individuals living at high altitudes. Changes in atmospheric pressure can also be used to predict weather patterns, as low pressure systems are often associated with stormy or inclement weather.

Decompression, in the medical context, refers to the process of reducing pressure on a body part or on a tissue, organ, or fluid within the body. This is often used to describe procedures that are intended to relieve excessive pressure built up inside the body, such as:

1. Decompression sickness treatment: Also known as "the bends," this condition occurs when nitrogen bubbles form in the blood and tissues due to rapid decompression, typically during scuba diving. Decompression involves using a hyperbaric chamber to slowly reduce the pressure and allow the nitrogen to safely dissolve and be eliminated from the body.

2. Spinal decompression: This is a minimally invasive therapeutic treatment for managing pain in the spine, often used to alleviate pressure on nerves or discs within the spinal column. Decompression can be achieved through various methods, such as traction, motorized tables, or vacuum-created devices that gently stretch and realign the spine, promoting circulation and reducing pressure on compressed nerves.

3. Ear decompression: This procedure is used to equalize pressure in the middle ear during scuba diving or flying at high altitudes. It can be achieved by swallowing, yawning, or performing the Valsalva maneuver (pinching the nose and blowing gently). In some cases, a doctor may need to perform a myringotomy, which involves making a small incision in the eardrum to relieve pressure.

4. Decompression of body parts: This can be relevant in situations where a part of the body is subjected to increased pressure due to various reasons, such as compartment syndrome or edema. In these cases, decompression may involve surgical intervention to release the pressure and prevent further damage to tissues and nerves.

Please note that this list is not exhaustive, and there might be other medical scenarios where the term "decompression" is used in a similar context.

Trypanosoma brucei gambiense is a species of protozoan flagellate parasite that causes Human African Trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected tsetse fly (Glossina spp.). The parasite multiplies in various body fluids, including blood and cerebrospinal fluid, leading to a range of symptoms such as fever, headache, joint pain, and eventually severe neurological disorders if left untreated. T. b. gambiense is responsible for the majority of reported cases in West and Central Africa and is considered to be an anthroponosis, meaning it primarily infects humans.

An Atmosphere Exposure Chamber (AEC) is a controlled environment chamber that is designed to expose materials, products, or devices to specific atmospheric conditions for the purpose of testing their durability, performance, and safety. These chambers can simulate various environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, pressure, and contaminants, allowing researchers and manufacturers to evaluate how these factors may affect the properties and behavior of the materials being tested.

AECs are commonly used in a variety of industries, including automotive, aerospace, electronics, and medical devices, to ensure that products meet regulatory requirements and industry standards for performance and safety. For example, an AEC might be used to test the durability of a new aircraft material under extreme temperature and humidity conditions, or to evaluate the performance of a medical device in a contaminated environment.

The design and operation of AECs are subject to various regulations and standards, such as those established by organizations like the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), and the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). These standards ensure that AECs are designed and operated in a consistent and controlled manner, allowing for accurate and reliable test results.

A Work Capacity Evaluation (WCE) is a set of systematic and objective procedures used to assess an individual's physical and cognitive abilities in relation to their ability to perform specific job tasks. It is typically conducted by a team of healthcare professionals, including occupational therapists, physiatrists, and kinesiologists, who evaluate the person's strength, endurance, flexibility, range of motion, sensation, balance, coordination, and cognitive abilities.

The goal of a WCE is to determine an individual's functional limitations and capabilities, and to provide recommendations regarding their ability to return to work or perform specific job tasks. The evaluation may include a variety of tests and measurements, such as lifting and carrying capacities, fine motor skills, visual tracking, and problem-solving abilities.

The results of the WCE can be used to develop a treatment plan, modify job duties, or determine eligibility for disability benefits. It is an important tool in helping individuals with injuries or disabilities return to work safely and effectively, while also ensuring that employers have the information they need to accommodate their employees' needs.

Morning sickness is a common condition during pregnancy, typically characterized by nausea and vomiting. It usually occurs in the morning, although it can happen at any time of the day. The exact cause is not known, but it's thought to be due to the hormonal changes that occur during early pregnancy. For most women, morning sickness improves or goes away after the first trimester. However, for some, it may last longer. While it can be unpleasant and uncomfortable, morning sickness is generally not harmful to the mother or baby, unless it's severe and leads to dehydration or weight loss. In such cases, medical attention is required.

Certification is the act of granting a formal warranty or guarantee (a certificate) that a product, process, or service conforms to specified requirements. In the medical field, certification often refers to the process by which a regulatory body or professional organization grants recognition to a healthcare professional, institution, or program that meets certain predetermined standards.

For example, in the United States, physicians can become certified in a particular medical specialty through the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) after completing residency training and passing a rigorous examination. Similarly, hospitals and other healthcare facilities may be certified by organizations such as The Joint Commission to demonstrate that they meet established quality and safety standards.

Medical certification serves several purposes, including:

1. Ensuring competence: Certification helps establish that the certified individual or organization possesses the necessary knowledge, skills, and abilities to provide safe and effective care in their area of expertise.
2. Protecting patients: By setting and enforcing standards, certification organizations aim to protect patients from harm and ensure they receive high-quality care.
3. Promoting continuous improvement: Certification programs often require ongoing professional development and continuing education, encouraging healthcare professionals and institutions to stay current with best practices and advancements in their field.
4. Enhancing public trust: Certification can help build public confidence in the competence and expertise of healthcare providers and organizations, making it easier for patients to make informed decisions about their care.

Athletic performance refers to the physical and mental capabilities and skills displayed by an athlete during training or competition. It is a measure of an individual's ability to perform in a particular sport or activity, and can encompass various factors such as strength, power, endurance, speed, agility, coordination, flexibility, mental toughness, and technique.

Athletic performance can be influenced by a variety of factors, including genetics, training, nutrition, recovery, lifestyle habits, and environmental conditions. Athletes often engage in rigorous training programs to improve their physical and mental abilities, with the goal of enhancing their overall athletic performance. Additionally, sports scientists and coaches use various methods and technologies to assess and analyze athletic performance, such as timing systems, motion analysis, and physiological testing, to help optimize training and competition strategies.

"Sweating sickness" is not a widely recognized medical term for a specific disease. However, it is often associated with the historical context of the English sweating sickness, also known as the Sudor anglicus, which was a mysterious and highly contagious illness that swept through England during the 15th and 16th centuries.

The exact cause and nature of the English sweating sickness remain unknown, although some theories suggest it may have been caused by a virus or bacterium. The disease was characterized by sudden onset, with symptoms including severe sweating, headache, body aches, fever, and rapid heart rate. In severe cases, the illness could lead to death within hours or days after the onset of symptoms.

Due to the lack of modern medical knowledge and technology during the time of the English sweating sickness, there is no official medical definition for this disease. However, it remains an important historical example of a contagious illness that had significant social and economic impacts in Europe during the late medieval and early modern periods.

Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense is a species of protozoan parasite that causes African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness, in humans. It is transmitted through the bite of an infected tsetse fly and is endemic to certain regions of East and Southern Africa.

The life cycle of T. b. rhodesiense involves two hosts: the tsetse fly and a mammalian host (such as a human). In the tsetse fly, the parasite undergoes development and multiplication in the midgut, then migrates to the salivary glands where it transforms into the metacyclic trypomastigote stage. When the infected tsetse fly bites a mammalian host, the metacyclic trypomastigotes are injected into the skin and enter the lymphatic system and bloodstream, where they multiply by binary fission as bloodstream trypomastigotes.

The symptoms of African trypanosomiasis caused by T. b. rhodesiense include fever, headache, joint pain, and itching, which may progress to more severe symptoms such as sleep disturbances, confusion, and neurological disorders if left untreated. The disease can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated promptly.

It is important to note that T. b. rhodesiense is distinct from another subspecies of Trypanosoma brucei called T. b. gambiense, which causes a different form of African trypanosomiasis that is endemic to West and Central Africa.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Bolivia" is not a medical term or concept. It is the name of a country located in South America, known officially as the Plurinational State of Bolivia. If you have any questions related to geography, history, or culture, I would be happy to try and help with those. However, for medical advice or information, it's always best to consult a qualified healthcare professional.

Occupational health is a branch of medicine that focuses on the physical, mental, and social well-being of workers in all types of jobs. The goal of occupational health is to prevent work-related injuries, illnesses, and disabilities, while also promoting the overall health and safety of employees. This may involve identifying and assessing potential hazards in the workplace, implementing controls to reduce or eliminate those hazards, providing education and training to workers on safe practices, and conducting medical surveillance and screenings to detect early signs of work-related health problems.

Occupational health also involves working closely with employers, employees, and other stakeholders to develop policies and programs that support the health and well-being of workers. This may include promoting healthy lifestyles, providing access to mental health resources, and supporting return-to-work programs for injured or ill workers. Ultimately, the goal of occupational health is to create a safe and healthy work environment that enables employees to perform their jobs effectively and efficiently, while also protecting their long-term health and well-being.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Nepal" is not a medical term. It is a country located in South Asia, between China and India. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "pensions" are not a medical term. A pension is a retirement plan that provides a regular payment to retirees, typically based on their salary history and length of employment. It is a type of employee benefit provided by many employers, including government agencies and private companies.

If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, I'd be happy to try to help!

An "aircraft" is not a medical term, but rather a general term used to describe any vehicle or machine designed to be powered and operated in the air. This includes fixed-wing aircraft such as airplanes and gliders, as well as rotary-wing aircraft such as helicopters and autogyros.

However, there are some medical conditions that can affect a person's ability to safely operate an aircraft, such as certain cardiovascular or neurological disorders. In these cases, the individual may be required to undergo medical evaluation and obtain clearance from aviation medical examiners before they are allowed to fly.

Additionally, there are some medical devices and equipment that are used in aircraft, such as oxygen systems and medical evacuation equipment. These may be used to provide medical care to passengers or crew members during flight.

Tsetse flies are not a medical condition but rather insects that can transmit diseases. Here is their medical relevance:

Tsetse flies (Glossina spp.) are large, biting flies found primarily in tropical Africa. They are vectors for African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness in humans and Nagana in animals. The fly ingests the parasite when it takes a blood meal from an infected host, then transmits the disease to another host through its saliva during subsequent feedings. This makes tsetse flies medically relevant due to their role in spreading these diseases.

Acetazolamide is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs called carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. It works by decreasing the production of bicarbonate in the body, which helps to reduce the amount of fluid in the eye and brain, making it useful for treating conditions such as glaucoma and epilepsy.

In medical terms, acetazolamide can be defined as: "A carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that is used to treat glaucoma, epilepsy, altitude sickness, and other conditions. It works by decreasing the production of bicarbonate in the body, which helps to reduce the amount of fluid in the eye and brain."

Acetazolamide may also be used for other purposes not listed here, so it is important to consult with a healthcare provider for specific medical advice.

Pulmonary edema is a medical condition characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the alveoli (air sacs) and interstitial spaces (the area surrounding the alveoli) within the lungs. This buildup of fluid can lead to impaired gas exchange, resulting in shortness of breath, coughing, and difficulty breathing, especially when lying down. Pulmonary edema is often a complication of heart failure, but it can also be caused by other conditions such as pneumonia, trauma, or exposure to certain toxins.

In the early stages of pulmonary edema, patients may experience mild symptoms such as shortness of breath during physical activity. However, as the condition progresses, symptoms can become more severe and include:

* Severe shortness of breath, even at rest
* Wheezing or coughing up pink, frothy sputum
* Rapid breathing and heart rate
* Anxiety or restlessness
* Bluish discoloration of the skin (cyanosis) due to lack of oxygen

Pulmonary edema can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, chest X-ray, and other diagnostic tests such as echocardiography or CT scan. Treatment typically involves addressing the underlying cause of the condition, as well as providing supportive care such as supplemental oxygen, diuretics to help remove excess fluid from the body, and medications to help reduce anxiety and improve breathing. In severe cases, mechanical ventilation may be necessary to support respiratory function.

Altitude is the height above a given level, especially mean sea level. In medical terms, altitude often refers to high altitude, which is generally considered to be 1500 meters (about 5000 feet) or more above sea level. At high altitudes, the air pressure is lower and there is less oxygen available, which can lead to altitude sickness in some people. Symptoms of altitude sickness can include headache, dizziness, shortness of breath, and fatigue. It's important for people who are traveling to high altitudes to allow themselves time to adjust to the lower oxygen levels and to watch for signs of altitude sickness.

Oxygen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that constitutes about 21% of the earth's atmosphere. It is a crucial element for human and most living organisms as it is vital for respiration. Inhaled oxygen enters the lungs and binds to hemoglobin in red blood cells, which carries it to tissues throughout the body where it is used to convert nutrients into energy and carbon dioxide, a waste product that is exhaled.

Medically, supplemental oxygen therapy may be provided to patients with conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, heart failure, or other medical conditions that impair the body's ability to extract sufficient oxygen from the air. Oxygen can be administered through various devices, including nasal cannulas, face masks, and ventilators.

Physiological adaptation refers to the changes or modifications that occur in an organism's biological functions or structures as a result of environmental pressures or changes. These adaptations enable the organism to survive and reproduce more successfully in its environment. They can be short-term, such as the constriction of blood vessels in response to cold temperatures, or long-term, such as the evolution of longer limbs in animals that live in open environments.

In the context of human physiology, examples of physiological adaptation include:

1. Acclimatization: The process by which the body adjusts to changes in environmental conditions, such as altitude or temperature. For example, when a person moves to a high-altitude location, their body may produce more red blood cells to compensate for the lower oxygen levels, leading to improved oxygen delivery to tissues.

2. Exercise adaptation: Regular physical activity can lead to various physiological adaptations, such as increased muscle strength and endurance, enhanced cardiovascular function, and improved insulin sensitivity.

3. Hormonal adaptation: The body can adjust hormone levels in response to changes in the environment or internal conditions. For instance, during prolonged fasting, the body releases stress hormones like cortisol and adrenaline to help maintain energy levels and prevent muscle wasting.

4. Sensory adaptation: Our senses can adapt to different stimuli over time. For example, when we enter a dark room after being in bright sunlight, it takes some time for our eyes to adjust to the new light level. This process is known as dark adaptation.

5. Aging-related adaptations: As we age, various physiological changes occur that help us adapt to the changing environment and maintain homeostasis. These include changes in body composition, immune function, and cognitive abilities.

The term "diving" is generally not used in the context of medical definitions. However, when referring to diving in relation to a medical or physiological context, it usually refers to the act of submerging the body underwater, typically for activities such as swimming, snorkeling, or scuba diving.

In a medical or physiological sense, diving can have specific effects on the human body due to changes in pressure, temperature, and exposure to water. Some of these effects include:

* Changes in lung volume and gas exchange due to increased ambient pressure at depth.
* Decompression sickness (DCS) or nitrogen narcosis, which can occur when dissolved gases form bubbles in the body during ascent from a dive.
* Hypothermia, which can occur if the water is cold and the diver is not adequately insulated.
* Barotrauma, which can occur due to pressure differences between the middle ear or sinuses and the surrounding environment.
* Other medical conditions such as seizures or heart problems can also be exacerbated by diving.

It's important for divers to undergo proper training and certification, follow safe diving practices, and monitor their health before and after dives to minimize the risks associated with diving.

Melarsoprol is an arsenic-based medication that is primarily used to treat the later stages of African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness. It works by inhibiting the enzyme involved in energy metabolism of the parasite causing the disease, leading to its death. However, melarsoprol has a significant risk of serious side effects, including encephalopathy, which can be fatal. Therefore, it is typically used as a last resort when other treatments have failed or are not available. It is administered by intravenous injection in a hospital setting under close medical supervision.

"Return to Work" (RTW) is a term used in the medical and occupational health fields to describe the process of an individual who has been unable to work due to illness or injury, returning to their previous job or a new role that accommodates their limitations. The goal of RTW is to help the individual safely and effectively reintegrate into the workforce while considering their medical condition and any restrictions or accommodations needed. This process often involves collaboration between healthcare professionals, employers, and sometimes insurance companies or vocational specialists. A successful RTW program can improve outcomes for both the employee and the employer by promoting recovery, reducing disability duration, and minimizing lost productivity.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "workplace" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. The term "workplace" generally refers to a place where people work or carry out their jobs. It could be an office, a factory, a construction site, a retail store, or any other location where work-related activities take place.

If you're looking for a term related to health or medicine that describes a physical location, some examples might include "healthcare facility," "clinic," "hospital," "operating room," or "examination room." If you could provide more context or clarify what you're looking for, I'd be happy to help further!

Occupational diseases are health conditions or illnesses that occur as a result of exposure to hazards in the workplace. These hazards can include physical, chemical, and biological agents, as well as ergonomic factors and work-related psychosocial stressors. Examples of occupational diseases include respiratory illnesses caused by inhaling dust or fumes, hearing loss due to excessive noise exposure, and musculoskeletal disorders caused by repetitive movements or poor ergonomics. The development of an occupational disease is typically related to the nature of the work being performed and the conditions in which it is carried out. It's important to note that these diseases can be prevented or minimized through proper risk assessment, implementation of control measures, and adherence to safety regulations.

Trypanocidal agents are a type of medication specifically used for the treatment and prevention of trypanosomiasis, which is a group of diseases caused by various species of protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Trypanosoma. These agents work by killing or inhibiting the growth of the parasites in the human body.

There are two main types of human trypanosomiasis: African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness, which is caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense; and American trypanosomiasis, also known as Chagas disease, which is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi.

Trypanocidal agents can be divided into two categories:

1. Drugs used to treat African trypanosomiasis: These include pentamidine, suramin, melarsoprol, and eflornithine. Pentamidine and suramin are used for the early stages of the disease, while melarsoprol and eflornithine are used for the later stages.
2. Drugs used to treat American trypanosomiasis: The main drug used for Chagas disease is benznidazole, which is effective in killing the parasites during the acute phase of the infection. Another drug, nifurtimox, can also be used, although it has more side effects than benznidazole.

It's important to note that trypanocidal agents have limited availability and are often associated with significant toxicity, making their use challenging in some settings. Therefore, prevention measures such as avoiding insect vectors and using vector control methods remain crucial in controlling the spread of these diseases.

Trypanosoma brucei brucei is a species of protozoan flagellate parasite that causes African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness in humans and Nagana in animals. This parasite is transmitted through the bite of an infected tsetse fly (Glossina spp.). The life cycle of T. b. brucei involves two main stages: the insect-dwelling procyclic trypomastigote stage and the mammalian-dwelling bloodstream trypomastigote stage.

The distinguishing feature of T. b. brucei is its ability to change its surface coat, which helps it evade the host's immune system. This allows the parasite to establish a long-term infection in the mammalian host. However, T. b. brucei is not infectious to humans; instead, two other subspecies, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, are responsible for human African trypanosomiasis.

In summary, Trypanosoma brucei brucei is a non-human-infective subspecies of the parasite that causes African trypanosomiasis in animals and serves as an essential model organism for understanding the biology and pathogenesis of related human-infective trypanosomes.

Occupational Health Services (OHS) refer to a branch of healthcare that focuses on the prevention and management of health issues that arise in the workplace or are caused by work-related factors. These services aim to promote and maintain the highest degree of physical, mental, and social well-being of workers in all occupations.

OHS typically includes:

1. Health surveillance and screening programs to identify early signs of work-related illnesses or injuries.
2. Occupational health education and training for employees and managers on topics such as safe lifting techniques, hazard communication, and bloodborne pathogens exposure control.
3. Ergonomic assessments and interventions to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal disorders and other work-related injuries.
4. Development and implementation of policies and procedures to address workplace health and safety issues.
5. Case management and return-to-work programs for employees who have been injured or become ill on the job.
6. Medical monitoring and treatment of work-related injuries and illnesses, including rehabilitation and disability management services.
7. Collaboration with employers to identify and address potential health hazards in the workplace, such as chemical exposures, noise pollution, or poor indoor air quality.

Overall, Occupational Health Services play a critical role in protecting the health and safety of workers, reducing the burden of work-related illnesses and injuries, and promoting a healthy and productive workforce.

Air pressure, also known as atmospheric pressure, is the force exerted by the weight of air in the atmosphere on a surface. It is measured in units such as pounds per square inch (psi), hectopascals (hPa), or inches of mercury (inHg). The standard atmospheric pressure at sea level is defined as 101,325 Pa (14.7 psi/1013 hPa/29.92 inHg). Changes in air pressure can be used to predict weather patterns and are an important factor in the study of aerodynamics and respiratory physiology.

Musculoskeletal diseases are a group of medical conditions that affect the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and nerves. These diseases can cause pain, stiffness, limited mobility, and decreased function in the affected areas of the body. They include a wide range of conditions such as:

1. Osteoarthritis: A degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage in joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation in the lining of the joints, resulting in swelling, pain, and bone erosion.
3. Gout: A form of arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, leading to severe pain, redness, and swelling.
4. Osteoporosis: A condition characterized by weakened bones that are more susceptible to fractures due to decreased bone density.
5. Fibromyalgia: A disorder that causes widespread muscle pain, fatigue, and tenderness in specific areas of the body.
6. Spinal disorders: Conditions affecting the spine, such as herniated discs, spinal stenosis, or degenerative disc disease, which can cause back pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness.
7. Soft tissue injuries: Damage to muscles, tendons, and ligaments, often caused by overuse, strain, or trauma.
8. Infections: Bone and joint infections (septic arthritis or osteomyelitis) can cause pain, swelling, and fever.
9. Tumors: Benign or malignant growths in bones, muscles, or soft tissues can lead to pain, swelling, and limited mobility.
10. Genetic disorders: Certain genetic conditions, such as Marfan syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, can affect the musculoskeletal system and cause various symptoms.

Treatment for musculoskeletal diseases varies depending on the specific condition but may include medications, physical therapy, exercise, surgery, or a combination of these approaches.

Aerospace medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with the health and safety of pilots, astronauts, and passengers during space travel or aircraft flight. It involves studying the effects of various factors such as altitude, weightlessness, radiation, noise, vibration, and temperature extremes on the human body, and developing measures to prevent or mitigate any adverse effects.

Aerospace medicine also encompasses the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions that occur during space travel or aircraft flight, as well as the development of medical standards and guidelines for pilot and astronaut selection, training, and fitness for duty. Additionally, it includes research into the physiological and psychological challenges of long-duration space missions and the development of countermeasures to maintain crew health and performance during such missions.

Disability insurance is a type of health insurance that provides coverage and financial benefits to individuals who become unable to work due to illness or injury. This insurance replaces a portion of the insured's income, typically between 50% to 70%, during the period of disability, helping to maintain their standard of living and cover ongoing expenses such as housing, food, and medical care.

There are two main types of disability insurance: short-term and long-term. Short-term disability insurance usually provides benefits for a limited period, typically up to 6 months or a year, while long-term disability insurance offers coverage for an extended duration, often until the insured reaches retirement age or is no longer disabled.

Disability insurance policies can be obtained through employers as part of their employee benefits package or purchased individually by individuals. The specific terms and conditions of disability insurance, including the definition of disability, waiting period, benefit amount, and duration, may vary depending on the policy and insurer.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Peru" is not a medical term. It is a country located in South America, known for its rich history, diverse culture, and beautiful landscapes. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help answer those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sweden" is not a medical term. It is a country located in northern Europe. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help answer those!

Medical Milk Sickness, also known as "baby's sickness" or "the slows," is a rare but serious condition that can affect newborns and infants. It is caused by the consumption of milk contaminated with the poisonous plant alkaloid called swainsonine, which is found in certain plants such as locoweeds (Astragalus and Oxytropis spp.) and related species.

Swainsonine interferes with the normal functioning of enzymes in the body that are responsible for breaking down complex carbohydrates, leading to a buildup of toxic byproducts in various organs, including the brain. This can result in symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, weakness, tremors, seizures, and developmental delays.

Milk sickness is preventable by avoiding exposure to contaminated milk or plants that contain swainsonine. If you suspect your child has been exposed to contaminated milk or plants, seek medical attention immediately. Treatment typically involves supportive care, such as fluid replacement and management of symptoms, as well as removal of the source of exposure.

Oxygen consumption, also known as oxygen uptake, is the amount of oxygen that is consumed or utilized by the body during a specific period of time, usually measured in liters per minute (L/min). It is a common measurement used in exercise physiology and critical care medicine to assess an individual's aerobic metabolism and overall health status.

In clinical settings, oxygen consumption is often measured during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to evaluate cardiovascular function, pulmonary function, and exercise capacity in patients with various medical conditions such as heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other respiratory or cardiac disorders.

During exercise, oxygen is consumed by the muscles to generate energy through a process called oxidative phosphorylation. The amount of oxygen consumed during exercise can provide important information about an individual's fitness level, exercise capacity, and overall health status. Additionally, measuring oxygen consumption can help healthcare providers assess the effectiveness of treatments and rehabilitation programs in patients with various medical conditions.

Medical Definition of Respiration:

Respiration, in physiology, is the process by which an organism takes in oxygen and gives out carbon dioxide. It's also known as breathing. This process is essential for most forms of life because it provides the necessary oxygen for cellular respiration, where the cells convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and releases waste products, primarily carbon dioxide.

In humans and other mammals, respiration is a two-stage process:

1. Breathing (or external respiration): This involves the exchange of gases with the environment. Air enters the lungs through the mouth or nose, then passes through the pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchi, finally reaching the alveoli where the actual gas exchange occurs. Oxygen from the inhaled air diffuses into the blood, while carbon dioxide, a waste product of metabolism, diffuses from the blood into the alveoli to be exhaled.

2. Cellular respiration (or internal respiration): This is the process by which cells convert glucose and other nutrients into ATP, water, and carbon dioxide in the presence of oxygen. The carbon dioxide produced during this process then diffuses out of the cells and into the bloodstream to be exhaled during breathing.

In summary, respiration is a vital physiological function that enables organisms to obtain the necessary oxygen for cellular metabolism while eliminating waste products like carbon dioxide.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "personnel downsizing" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It is a business or organizational term that refers to the reduction of the number of employees in a company or organization, often as a cost-cutting measure. The health impacts on displaced employees can vary widely and may include stress, depression, anxiety, and financial difficulties.

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors are a class of medications that work by blocking the action of carbonic anhydrase, an enzyme that is responsible for converting carbon dioxide and water into carbonic acid. This enzyme is found in various tissues throughout the body, including the eyes, kidneys, and nervous system.

By inhibiting the activity of carbonic anhydrase, these medications can reduce the production of bicarbonate ions in the body, which helps to lower the rate of fluid buildup in certain tissues. As a result, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors are often used to treat conditions such as glaucoma, epilepsy, and altitude sickness.

In glaucoma, for example, these medications can help to reduce pressure within the eye by promoting the drainage of fluid from the eye. In epilepsy, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors can help to reduce the frequency and severity of seizures by reducing the acidity of the blood and brain. And in altitude sickness, these medications can help to alleviate symptoms such as headache, nausea, and shortness of breath by reducing the buildup of fluid in the lungs.

Some common examples of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors include acetazolamide, methazolamide, and dorzolamide. These medications are available in various forms, including tablets, capsules, and eye drops, and are typically prescribed by a healthcare professional.

Polycythemia is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal increase in the total red blood cell (RBC) mass or hematocrit (the percentage of RBCs in the blood). This results in a higher-than-normal viscosity of the blood, which can lead to various complications such as impaired circulation, increased risk of blood clots, and reduced oxygen supply to the tissues.

There are two main types of polycythemia: primary and secondary. Primary polycythemia, also known as polycythemia vera, is a rare myeloproliferative neoplasm caused by genetic mutations that lead to excessive production of RBCs in the bone marrow. Secondary polycythemia, on the other hand, is a reactive condition triggered by various factors such as chronic hypoxia (low oxygen levels), high altitude, smoking, or certain medical conditions like sleep apnea, heart disease, or kidney tumors.

Symptoms of polycythemia may include fatigue, headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, itching, and a bluish or reddish tint to the skin (cyanosis). Treatment depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition and may involve phlebotomy, medications to reduce RBC production, and management of associated complications.

"Social Security" is a term that refers to a social insurance program, providing financial security to eligible individuals primarily through retirement, disability, and survivor's benefits. In the United States, it is administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA). The program is funded through payroll taxes known as Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) tax, paid by workers and their employers.

It's important to note that "Social Security" is not a medical term per se, but rather a term used in the context of social welfare programs and policies. However, it does have an impact on healthcare as many Americans rely on Social Security benefits to help cover their medical expenses, especially during retirement.

"Employment" is a term that is commonly used in the context of social sciences and law rather than medicine. It generally refers to the state or condition of being employed, which means an individual is engaged in a job or occupation, providing services to an employer in exchange for compensation, such as wages or salary. Employment may involve various types of work arrangements, including full-time, part-time, temporary, contract, or freelance positions.

In the context of medicine and public health, employment is often discussed in relation to its impact on health outcomes, healthcare access, and socioeconomic status. For instance, research has shown that unemployment or underemployment can negatively affect mental and physical health, while stable employment can contribute to better health outcomes and overall well-being. Additionally, employment may influence an individual's ability to afford healthcare, medications, and other essential needs, which can impact their health status.

In summary, the medical definition of 'employment' pertains to the state or condition of being engaged in a job or occupation, providing services to an employer for compensation. Employment has significant implications for health outcomes, healthcare access, and socioeconomic status.

In the field of medicine, "time factors" refer to the duration of symptoms or time elapsed since the onset of a medical condition, which can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Understanding time factors is crucial in determining the progression of a disease, evaluating the effectiveness of treatments, and making critical decisions regarding patient care.

For example, in stroke management, "time is brain," meaning that rapid intervention within a specific time frame (usually within 4.5 hours) is essential to administering tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a clot-busting drug that can minimize brain damage and improve patient outcomes. Similarly, in trauma care, the "golden hour" concept emphasizes the importance of providing definitive care within the first 60 minutes after injury to increase survival rates and reduce morbidity.

Time factors also play a role in monitoring the progression of chronic conditions like diabetes or heart disease, where regular follow-ups and assessments help determine appropriate treatment adjustments and prevent complications. In infectious diseases, time factors are crucial for initiating antibiotic therapy and identifying potential outbreaks to control their spread.

Overall, "time factors" encompass the significance of recognizing and acting promptly in various medical scenarios to optimize patient outcomes and provide effective care.

I believe you are asking for a description or explanation of the indigenous peoples of South America, rather than a "medical definition." A medical definition would typically apply to a condition or disease. Here is some information about the indigenous peoples of South America:

The indigenous peoples of South America are the original inhabitants of the continent and its islands, who lived there before the European colonization. They include a wide variety of ethnic groups, languages, and cultures, with distinct histories and traditions. Many indigenous communities in South America have faced significant challenges, including displacement from their lands, marginalization, and discrimination.

According to estimates by the United Nations, there are approximately 45 million indigenous people in Latin America, of which about 30 million live in South America. They represent around 7% of the total population of South America. Indigenous peoples in South America can be found in all countries, with the largest populations in Bolivia (62%), Guatemala (41%), and Peru (25%).

Indigenous peoples in South America have a rich cultural heritage, including unique languages, arts, and spiritual practices. Many of these cultures are under threat due to globalization, urbanization, and the loss of traditional lands and resources. In recent years, there has been increased recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples in international law, including the right to self-determination, cultural heritage, and free, prior, and informed consent for projects that affect their territories. However, significant challenges remain, and many indigenous communities continue to face violence, discrimination, and poverty.

Hemoglobin (Hb or Hgb) is the main oxygen-carrying protein in the red blood cells, which are responsible for delivering oxygen throughout the body. It is a complex molecule made up of four globin proteins and four heme groups. Each heme group contains an iron atom that binds to one molecule of oxygen. Hemoglobin plays a crucial role in the transport of oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues, and also helps to carry carbon dioxide back to the lungs for exhalation.

There are several types of hemoglobin present in the human body, including:

* Hemoglobin A (HbA): This is the most common type of hemoglobin, making up about 95-98% of total hemoglobin in adults. It consists of two alpha and two beta globin chains.
* Hemoglobin A2 (HbA2): This makes up about 1.5-3.5% of total hemoglobin in adults. It consists of two alpha and two delta globin chains.
* Hemoglobin F (HbF): This is the main type of hemoglobin present in fetal life, but it persists at low levels in adults. It consists of two alpha and two gamma globin chains.
* Hemoglobin S (HbS): This is an abnormal form of hemoglobin that can cause sickle cell disease when it occurs in the homozygous state (i.e., both copies of the gene are affected). It results from a single amino acid substitution in the beta globin chain.
* Hemoglobin C (HbC): This is another abnormal form of hemoglobin that can cause mild to moderate hemolytic anemia when it occurs in the homozygous state. It results from a different single amino acid substitution in the beta globin chain than HbS.

Abnormal forms of hemoglobin, such as HbS and HbC, can lead to various clinical disorders, including sickle cell disease, thalassemia, and other hemoglobinopathies.

Occupational Health Physicians are medical professionals who specialize in the prevention and management of health issues that arise out of or are exacerbated by work or the working environment. They provide a wide range of services, including:

1. Fitness for work assessments: These assessments ensure that employees are physically and mentally able to perform their job duties safely and effectively.
2. Workplace hazard identification and control: Occupational Health Physicians identify potential health hazards in the workplace and recommend controls to minimize or eliminate exposure.
3. Disease prevention and management: They provide guidance on how to prevent work-related illnesses and manage existing conditions to reduce their impact on an employee's ability to work.
4. Health promotion and education: Occupational Health Physicians promote healthy lifestyles and behaviors among employees, providing education on topics such as ergonomics, stress management, and substance abuse.
5. Rehabilitation and return-to-work programs: They help injured or ill employees return to work as soon as possible, providing rehabilitation services and recommending accommodations that allow them to perform their job duties safely and effectively.
6. Legal and regulatory compliance: Occupational Health Physicians ensure that employers comply with relevant health and safety regulations, providing guidance on issues such as medical surveillance, record-keeping, and reporting requirements.

Overall, the role of an Occupational Health Physician is to promote and protect the health and well-being of employees in the workplace, while also ensuring compliance with legal and regulatory requirements.

Hematocrit is a medical term that refers to the percentage of total blood volume that is made up of red blood cells. It is typically measured as part of a complete blood count (CBC) test. A high hematocrit may indicate conditions such as dehydration, polycythemia, or living at high altitudes, while a low hematocrit may be a sign of anemia, bleeding, or overhydration. It is important to note that hematocrit values can vary depending on factors such as age, gender, and pregnancy status.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Personnel Management" and "medical definition" are two separate concepts that don't typically intersect.

Personnel management is a function of management concerned with hiring, training, developing, compensating, and motivating employees, as well as maintaining appropriate records and ensuring legal compliance. It's a crucial aspect of human resource management in any organization, including healthcare institutions.

However, if you're looking for a medical term related to the management of personnel in a healthcare setting, you might consider "Healthcare Human Resources Management" or "Clinical Workforce Management." These terms refer to the specific application of personnel management principles and practices within the context of healthcare organizations.

Blood gas analysis is a medical test that measures the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood, as well as the pH level, which indicates the acidity or alkalinity of the blood. This test is often used to evaluate lung function, respiratory disorders, and acid-base balance in the body. It can also be used to monitor the effectiveness of treatments for conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, and other respiratory illnesses. The analysis is typically performed on a sample of arterial blood, although venous blood may also be used in some cases.

... , the mildest form being acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a harmful effect of high altitude, caused by rapid ... Look up altitude sickness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Altitude sickness. Travel at ... Chronic mountain sickness may occur after long-term exposure to high altitude. Altitude sickness typically occurs only above ... However, in extreme cases, altitude sickness can be fatal. High altitude illness can be classified according to the altitude: ...
Decompression sickness. Altitude sickness. Frostbite or hypothermia from exposure to freezing cold air at high altitude. ... This measure of altitude is known as the Armstrong limit, which is the practical limit to survivable altitude without ... This type of decompression may also come about from a failure to cabin pressurization as an aircraft climbs to altitude. An ... This special exemption allows the A380 to operate at a higher altitude than other newly designed civilian aircraft, which have ...
Harold Crane Dies; Studied Altitude Sickness". Hartford Courant. 1974-01-15. p. 5. Retrieved 2022-05-04 - via ( ...
the benefits of acetazolamide prophylaxis to reduce the incidence of altitude sickness, as part of the Birmingham Medical ... Coote, JH (December 1991). "Pharmacological control of altitude sickness". Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. 12 (12): 450-5. ... West, John B. (1998). High Life a History of High-Altitude Physiology and Medicine. New York, NY: Springer New York. p. 385. ... to study the effects of high altitude on human performance. Coote was an autonomic physiology who maintained active hands on ...
... but may cause decompression sickness. Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), altitude illness, ... Altitude sickness is primarily a consequence of hypoxia. Altitude sickness can be avoided and treated by breathing ... Altitude decompression sickness often resolves on return to the saturation altitude, but sometimes treatment on elevated ... There is little evidence of altitude decompression sickness occurring among healthy individuals at altitudes below 18,000 feet ...
It is primarily used for treating severe cases of altitude sickness, high-altitude cerebral edema, and high-altitude pulmonary ... ISBN 978-1-4160-4698-1. "Altitude Sickness". Retrieved 2016-09-18. (CS1 maint: unfit URL, Articles with short ... Altitude tent Wilderness medicine N Stuart Harris, MD (December 11, 2017). "Altitude Illness - Pulmonary Syndromes Treatment & ... Within minutes, the effective altitude can be decreased by 1000 m to as much as 3000 m (3281 to 9743 feet) depending on the ...
Soroche also translates to altitude sickness. taladro ("drill"): a man who has sex with boys. teso: (1) expert, "hardcore" ( ...
How do Tibetans avoid altitude sickness?. HowStuffWorks. Retrieved 2015-12-22. Is a free market "free" if it's regulated?. ...
Master, Farah (29 October 2010). "China Motorcycle Diaries: altitude sickness at 5000m". Reuters. Archived from the original on ...
When humans from the general lowlands go to altitudes above 2,500 meters (8,200 ft) they experience altitude sickness, which is ... Altitude Effects of high altitude on humans (including acclimatisation) High-altitude adaptation High-altitude football ... Brundrett G (March 2002). "Sickness at high altitude: a literature review". The Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion ... Adapting to High Altitude Archived 2013-01-06 at the Wayback Machine High Altitude and Cold: Adaptation to the extremes ...
Mountain sickness may progress to HACE (high-altitude cerebral edema) and HAPE (high-altitude pulmonary edema), both of which ... Rapid ascent can lead to altitude sickness. The best treatment is to descend immediately. The climber's motto at high altitude ... the chewing of coca leaves has been traditionally used to treat altitude sickness symptoms. Common symptoms of altitude ... This is the underlying cause of altitude sickness. Everyone needs to acclimatise, even exceptional mountaineers that have been ...
May 9, 2002) Callwood, Brett (September 27, 2016). "Disturbed Not Down With the (Altitude) Sickness". Westword. Childers, Chad ... "The Sickness - Disturbed". AllMusic. Retrieved January 27, 2017. "American album certifications - Disturbed - The Sickness". ... Arnopp, Jason (2011). Slipknot: Inside the Sickness, Behind the Masks With an Intro by Ozzy Osbourne and Afterword by Gene ... That same year, both Papa Roach's second studio album Infest and Disturbed's debut studio album The Sickness were released. ...
"Nepal's ex-minister died of altitude sickness". AFP. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013. "Weylandt dies in crash at ... Shailendra Kumar Upadhyaya, 82, Nepali politician, Foreign Minister (1986-1990), altitude sickness. Wouter Weylandt, 26, ... Joëlle Brupbacher, 32, Swiss mountaineer, acute mountain sickness. Chidananda Dasgupta, 89, Indian film critic. Bill Eaton, 79 ...
He described the symptoms of altitude sickness. In 1883, Tissandier fit a Siemens electric motor to an airship, thus creating ... were able to reach in a balloon the magnificent altitude of 8,600 meters (28,200 feet). Both of his companions died from ...
"Why do low oxygen levels cause altitude sickness?". Archived from the original on 2010-04-16. Retrieved 2010-04- ... The suggested rate of ascent is the same that applies to the prevention of acute mountain sickness and high-altitude cerebral ... It is severe presentation of altitude sickness. There are many factors that can make a person more susceptible to developing ... "Altitude Illness Clinical Guide For Physicians". Archived from the original on 2006-10-18. ...
Kreps, Daniel (30 August 2015). "Motorhead Cancel Gigs Over Lemmy's Altitude Sickness". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 16 January ... the result of an altitude sickness).[citation needed] They also had to cancel an appearance at Denver Riot Fest on 28 August ... "Motorhead Cancel Another Date as Lemmy Recovers From Altitude Sickness - "Lemmy will resume duties the moment he is properly ...
While acute mountain sickness is experienced shortly after ascent to high altitude, chronic mountain sickness may develop only ... Sahota, I; Panwar, N (September 2013). "Prevalence of Chronic Mountain Sickness in high altitude districts of Himachal Pradesh ... 2005). "Consensus statement on chronic and subacute high altitude diseases". High Altitude Medicine & Biology. 6 (2): 147-57. ... "Genetic variation in SENP1 and ANP32D as predictors of chronic mountain sickness". High Altitude Medicine & Biology. 15 (4): ...
Doug is exhausted and suffering from altitude sickness. With them is Scott, exhausted and ill from high-altitude pulmonary ... Madan Khatri Chhetri flies a high altitude mission to take Beck to hospital. Meanwhile, one of Scott's guides, Anatoli, finds ...
... it is also used to alleviate altitude sickness. Coca leaves are chewed during work in the fields as well as during breaks in ... It is based on agriculture in the lower altitude regions, and on pastoral farming in the higher regions of the Puna. The ... typical Andean community extends over several altitude ranges and thus includes the cultivation of a variety of arable crops ...
Powley, Tanya (1 May 2020). "Alex Cruz, BA boss suffering from altitude sickness". Financial Times. Retrieved 16 May 2020. ...
Crew members dropping like flies with altitude sickness. Lol! What a week. I'll have tons of Mammoth pics to post. Archived ...
Acute mountain sickness (AMS) may develop into high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) or high altitude cerebral edema (HACE), ... Roach, Robert; Stepanek, Jan; Hackett, Peter (2002). "Acute Mountain Sickness and High-Altitude Cerebral Edema". Medical ... 289 Altitude sickness results from climbing rapidly to elevations beyond 2,500 metres (approximately 8,000 feet). The process ... both of which are life-threatening and require immediate transportation to a lower altitude. Carbon monoxide poisoning may ...
Lowland visitors run the risk of altitude sickness. The shallow lake collects muddy waters from the surrounding grassy plateau ... Its low-altitude matrix of streams supports the great mass of Chinese people, the most numerous on Earth. The Yellow River ... The Yellow River descends from Gyaring Lake in the high plains of Tibet at an altitude of 4,293 m (14,085 ft). The distance ... Around it is a half-ring of high-altitude, high-prominence mountains, "sacred" to the ancient religions of China, which were ...
Session 2 Altitude decompression sickness - A. A. Pilmanis; Treatment of altitude decompression sickness - P. N Kimbrell; ... Van Liew; Survival Models for Altitude Decompression Sickness - N Kannan; Multinomial Bubble Score Model - P Tikuisis, KA. ... Wachholtz, CJ; Dovenbarger, JA; Bond, BG; Bennett, PB (1989); Altitude exposure in decompression sickness reported to the ... Driving to altitude after diving and decompression sickness. Uguccioni, DM; Dear, GdeL; Dovenbarger, JA; Feinglos, M; Moon, RE ...
... and high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE). High-altitude cerebral edema is a severe and sometimes fatal form of altitude sickness ... Altitude-related illnesses can be prevented most effectively with slow ascent to high altitudes, an average ascent of 300 to ... Dehnert, Christoph; Bärtsch, Peter (2017). "[Acute Mountain Sickness and High-Altitude Cerebral Edema]". Therapeutische Umschau ... These hypoxia-related illnesses include acute mountain sickness (AMS), high-altitude pulmonary edema, ...
In 1941, altitude decompression sickness was first treated with hyperbaric oxygen. and the revised US Navy Decompression Tables ... "Altitude-induced Decompression Sickness" (PDF). AM-400-95/2 Medical Facts for Pilots. Washington, DC: Federal Aviation ... "Altitude decompression sickness: hyperbaric therapy results in 145 cases". Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 48 (8 ... "A Comparison of the High-Altitude and High-Pressure Syndromes of Decompression Sickness", Br. J. Ind. Med., 1960, 17, 181. ...
This is one contributor to high altitude sickness. On the other hand, if the switch to oxygen homeostasis is incomplete, then ... "Online high altitude oxygen calculator". Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2007. ... Everest (at an altitude of 8,848 m or 29,029 ft) the total atmospheric pressure is 33.7 kPa, of which 7.1 kPa (or 21%) is ... At altitude this variation in the ventilation/perfusion ratio of alveoli from the tops of the lungs to the bottoms is ...
It is considered particularly effective against altitude sickness. It also is used as an anesthetic and analgesic to alleviate ... Coca is traditionally cultivated in the lower altitudes of the eastern slopes of the Andes (the Yungas), or the highlands ...
... had symptoms of altitude sickness. However, he did not make the connection between altitude and these ... On 10 July 1902 he explored the Northeast ridge of the K2 with one of the Austrians and reached an altitude of 6,700 metres, ... Three Nepalese carriers and a Swiss participant lose their lives, falling into a crevasse at an altitude of 6,500 metres. The ... The weather conditions deteriorated the following days and one of the climbers suffered from high altitude pulmonary edema. The ...
This is one contributor to high altitude sickness. On the other hand, if the switch to oxygen homeostasis is incomplete, then ... "Online high altitude oxygen calculator". Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2007. ... the pressure in the lungs also decreases at the same rate with altitude. At altitude, a pressure differential is still required ... The lower viscosity of air at altitude allows air to flow more easily and this also helps compensate for any loss of pressure ...
Altitude sickness, the mildest form being acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a harmful effect of high altitude, caused by rapid ... Look up altitude sickness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Altitude sickness. Travel at ... Chronic mountain sickness may occur after long-term exposure to high altitude. Altitude sickness typically occurs only above ... However, in extreme cases, altitude sickness can be fatal. High altitude illness can be classified according to the altitude: ...
Altitude Sickness There are a lot of beautiful hikes in New Mexico, and Albuquerque is no exception since some of the ... Altitude Sickness Tips. To cure altitude sickness, your body must either acclimatize or descend to a level its used to. Get ... Altitude Sickness and High Altitudes. Though Albuquerque is a desert, the citys altitude is over 5,000 feet, at least one mile ... Altitude sickness can occur after one to two days of being in a high altitude environment. It can happen to anyone regardless ...
Visit HowStuffWorks to learn more about altitude sickness causing brain swelling. ... Altitude sickness can take three basic forms: acute mountain sickness, high-altitude pulmonary edema and high-altitude cerebral ... High-altitude cerebral edema is the rarest of the three types of altitude sickness, but its also the most dangerous. In high- ... The first step to handling high-altitude cerebral edema is immediate descent to a lower altitude. Treatment for high-altitude ...
I actually wanted to show this particular blog, "Altitude Sickness. , Phoebe" together with my best pals on fb. I reallyjust ...
Medgate explains altitude sickness and gives some tips. ... Medgate: Acute altitude sickness can set in at around 2,000 ... How best to avoid altitude sickness: Cover a difference in altitude of only 300-500 metres per day. This gives your body time ... Anyone can suffer from acute altitude sickness, although young people are more likely to be affected as it occurs less often in ... Between 20% and 40% of mountaineers suffer from altitude sickness. Many people arent even aware of it, because the symptoms ...
The Rocky Mountain Altitude was one of the bikes that piqued my interest, so when Jonty at Revolution Bicycles told me he had a ...
... just so happen to be at high altitudes. Cusco, Lake Titicaca, and The Colca Canyon are all at high elevations. Here is what you ... Trekking at Altitude. What Is Altitude Sickness?. Lets start by looking at what high altitude is. High altitude starts to ... How will Altitude sickness affect my trip?. Mild altitude sickness should not interfere too much with your normal activity on ... How can I tell if I am suffering from altitude sickness? Common mild symptoms of altitude sickness may include:. Headache. ...
Get to its Types, Symptoms and Prevention of Altitude Sickness. Be ready to take necessary precautions while traveling, ... While trekking or moving to places having high elevations people get prone to High Altitude Sickness. ... Types of Altitude Sickness. There are three categories of altitude sickness with common and severe form. The types are as ... Acute Mountain Sickness is the most common form of altitude sickness. This type of sickness is suffered by most people. The ...
Altitude Sickness: Cathartic exersize, of love and loss. My rest period theory was incorrect. The rest was welcome and I popped ... Tagged Altitude Sickness: Cathartic exersize of love and loss, Brady Crain Related Posts. *. ... One comment on "Altitude Sickness: Cathartic exersize, of love and loss" * polly says: ...
Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a major health issue for people travelling to high altitudes. This study was designed to ... Clinical and biochemical indices of people with high-altitude experience linked to acute mountain sickness.. ... Clinical and biochemical indices of people with high-altitude experience linked to acute mountain sickness. ... Clinical and biochemical indices of people with high-altitude experience linked to acute mountain sickness. ...
Mild cases of altitude sickness can be treated by going to a lower altitude, using an oxygen machine or taking an over-the- ... In rare cases, altitude sickness can become extreme, effecting the brain and lungs, in that case it can be deadly and its ... What Is Altitude Sickness-and How Can You Avoid It?. #p994fb7843208efbc1d9e88703ece9f2c { min-height: 215px; height: auto ! ... Altitude sickness is one of those oddities thats a little bit mysterious and very annoying. ...
By Anne,2020-04-27T19:16:16+00:00April 27th, 2020,B: Overland General,Comments Off on Altitude sickness and availability of ... Altitude sickness and availability of oxygen Please contact a physician who can prescribe Diamox, a medication that can be ... Groups taking Diamox experience little or no symptoms of altitude sickness. For the smooth operation of the tour, your personal ... taken in advance to prevent altitude sickness in Tibet.. ...
... altitude sickness could be your downfall. To learn more, find a specialist in Land O Lakes, FL today! ... Altitude Sickness Treatment in Land O Lakes, FL. What Is High Altitude Sickness?. High altitude sickness, also known as acute ... How to Treat Altitude Sickness. If your altitude sickness symptoms are mild, your body may adapt to the altitude change on its ... AMS is the first of three types of altitude sickness. The two more severe high altitude sicknesses are:. * High-altitude ...
... we collectively seem to have experienced pretty much every symptom of altitude sickness, only the mild versions thankfully. ... Dehydration is the major cause of headache at higher altitude. People tend to think ... After having spent nearly a couple of months at higher altitude, ... HAPE / HACE : Severe cases of altitude sickness can lead to ... Walk to a higher altitude, but stay at a lower altitude. This would save you a lot !!! ...
An ECG may be helpful in the diagnosis of altitude sickness. Findings on an ECG suggestive of altitude sickness include:[1][2] ... An ECG may be helpful in the diagnosis of altitude sickness. Findings on an ECG suggestive of altitude sickness include ... American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Altitude sickness electrocardiogram All Images. X-rays. Echo & Ultrasound. CT Images. ... Saurenmann P, Koller EA (1984). "The ECG changes due to altitude and to catecholamines". Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 53 ( ...
Affordable prices . Vermox Internet . Drugs & Medications - Cialis diamox altitude sickness dosing.U diamox altitude sickness ... drug formulation and delivery diamox altitude sickness dosing. See who you know at PharmaForYou diamox altitude sickness dosing ... Aspirin with pack size online clomid purchase best for men in diamox altitude sickness, a été diamox altitude ... johannesburg oral jelly over the counter wo super kaufen place clichy diamox altitude sickness dosing diamox altitude sickness ...
Order Altitude Sickness Tablets (Diamox) online from our UK registered online doctor and pharmacy service. Make sure youre ... What is Altitude Sickness?. Altitude sickness is the term for conditions that people travelling to high or extreme altitudes ... Can altitude sickness kill you?. Altitude sickness can be a life-threatening condition and HAPE or HACE must be treated as ... Altitude sickness occurs when people travel to high altitudes too quickly. High altitudes are described by the NHS as being ...
... also known as altitude or mountain sickness, affects many people every year. Read important information before your trip to the ... Altitude Sickness. Elevation sickness, also known as altitude or mountain sickness, affects many people every year. While many ... Most instances of altitude sickness are mild and heal quickly. In rare cases, altitude sickness can become severe and cause ... Other names for this condition are altitude sickness or high altitude pulmonary edema. It typically occurs at about 8,000 feet ...
Altitude sickness is caused by a lack of oxygen in the body. Read more... ... Category: Prevent altitude sickness Tags: altitude sickness. About Altitude Dream. Altitude Dream is the market leader in the ... 8 tips against altitude sickness. Altitude Dream Pip Tesselaar (44) slept for up to 12 hours in the height tent. Altitude Dream ... TESTED: Altitude acclimatization for Pobeda. Altitude Dream Jan Van Den Broeck prepares himself for the season in height tent. ...
Altitude illness can be a serious threat to your life so learn about altitude sickness, its signs, symptoms, means of ... Types of altitude illness. Acute mountain sickness. This is the most common form of altitude sickness as it affects up to 50% ... High-altitude pulmonary edema. HAPE is a potentially fatal condition since this form of altitude sickness leads to problems ... Altitude sickness and acclimatization. The first documented accounts of altitude illness date back to more than 2000 years ago ...
Altitude Sickness is a disorder caused by quick ascent at high altitude. It usually ocours when climb quickly in high mountain, ... Altitude Sickness or Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). Altitude sickness is a serious consideration if you are climbing or ... Vaccinations and Altitude Sickness. Vaccinations. We recommend that you see your doctor and dentist for a check-up before ... General Information on Nepal Access to Nepal Passport and Visa Climate and Weather Vaccination and Altitude Sickness Money and ...
What is altitude sickness?Altitude sickness has three forms. Mild altitude sickness is call... ... people die of altitude sickness. All of these deaths are preventable. If you are travelling above 2500m (8000ft), read this ... What is altitude sickness?. Altitude sickness has three forms. Mild altitude sickness is calledacute mountain sickness (AMS)and ... How to Avoid Altitude Sickness. *The most reliable way to avoid altitude sickness is to ascend to altitude slowly, say spending ...
... : What is it?. Mountain sickness has three main forms: Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), High Altitude Cerebral ... Acclimatization and Altitude Sickness on Kilimanjaro. The altitude of Mount Kilimanjaro, African continents highest peak is ... Source: High Altitude Medicine and Biology]. Acclimatization: Preventing Altitude Sickness. The term acclimatization or " ... This is not necessarily associated with altitude sickness, but can be uncomfortable and disruptive. The Institute for Altitude ...
Explore the challenges of altitude sickness during Mount Kilimanjaro climbing. Understand symptoms, prevention, and how to stay ... What is Altitude Sickness?. Altitude sickness is also known as mountain sickness, and it can be defined as a group of common ... Understanding Altitude Moumtaim Sickness. Altitude sickness, or Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), occurs when an individual cannot ... What Are The Symptoms Of Altitude Sickness?. The Symptoms of Altitude Sickness can range from mild to the medical emergency. So ...
What is altitude sickness?. Altitude sickness is a number of symptoms that can occur from ascending to high altitudes more ... Pregnancy does not appear to be a direct cause of altitude sickness but the effects of lower oxygen levels on the foetus have ... It is important to differentiate from other illnesses and altitude sickness should be assumed unless proven otherwise. The ... This passive transportation seems less likely to cause altitude sickness because very little personal exertion is required. ...
Altitude Sickness * What is altitude sickness? * What are the types of altitude sickness? ... What causes altitude sickness? * What are the symptoms of altitude sickness? * How can doctors tell if I have altitude sickness ... How do doctors treat altitude sickness? * How can I prevent altitude sickness? ...
Altitude sickness, oxygen, and dehydration. A 2017 study. in mice found a possible link between environmental levels of oxygen ... Muhm, J. M., et al. (2007). Effects of aircraft-cabin altitude on passenger discomfort.. ...
Read our blog post on how to handle altitude sickness to make the most of your trip! ... Many of Colombias popular travel destinations are located at high altitudes. ... What you can do to deal with altitude sickness?. The first step is to prepare well before traveling to higher altitudes. In a ... In Colombia, this means being aware of the high altitude areas and preparing for a trip there. Altitude sickness is no fun and ...
If youre heading to an altitude of 8000 feet or more, altitude sickness symptoms can start to set in because of lower oxygen ... Are you looking for altitude help? Try our zaca recovery chewables that compliment oxygen therapy for altitude sickness and ... If youre heading to an altitude of 8000 feet or more, altitude sickness symptoms can start to set in because of lower oxygen ... How does oxygen help altitude sickness? Overexposure to high altitudes changes the balance of oxygen in the body. High ...
  • Acute mountain sickness can progress to high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) with associated shortness of breath or high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) with associated confusion. (
  • At very high altitude, humans can get either high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), or high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE). (
  • Furthermore, there is more chances of getting complicated HAPE and HACE sicknesses. (
  • High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) is another dangerous form which causes fluid buildup in the brain. (
  • More serious form of AMS are high altitude cerebral edema or HACE and high altitude pulmonary edema or HAPE . (
  • HACE stands for high altitude cerebral oedema. (
  • Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) and High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). (
  • Complications resulting from severe mountain sickness are HAPE and HACE. (
  • High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE): This syndrome occurs when symptoms of AMS become severe enough to cause swelling of the brain. (
  • When we talk about Kilimanjaro Altitude Sickness, whilst hypoxia or generalized hypoxia are correct terms we tend to refer to either Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), HAPE, or HACE. (
  • This is known as high altitude cerebral edema (HACE), in which fluid builds up within the brain. (
  • There are other, severe forms of Altitude Sickness, called HAPE and HACE. (
  • High-Altitude Cerebral Edema, also known as HACE is a serious medical condition affecting one's brain. (
  • High altitude cerebral edema or, HACE, is a build-up of fluid in the brain. (
  • If we move too quickly into higher altitudes, then we are likely to suffer from oxygen deficiency in the forms of Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) and High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) which can be life threatening. (
  • 3. High altitude cerebral Edema (HACE): this generally occurs when fluids build up within the brain which can make it swell with fluid changing the mental state of the person. (
  • High-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) is the most severe form of altitude sickness and happens when there's fluid in the brain. (
  • HAPE and cerebral edema (HACE) are the most ominous of these symptoms, whereas acute mountain sickness, retinal hemorrhages, and peripheral edema are the milder forms of the disease. (
  • Altitude sickness, the mildest form being acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a harmful effect of high altitude, caused by rapid exposure to low amounts of oxygen at high elevation. (
  • Chronic mountain sickness may occur after long-term exposure to high altitude. (
  • citation needed] Those individuals with the lowest initial partial pressure of end-tidal pCO2 (the lowest concentration of carbon dioxide at the end of the respiratory cycle, a measure of a higher alveolar ventilation) and corresponding high oxygen saturation levels tend to have a lower incidence of acute mountain sickness than those with high end-tidal pCO2 and low oxygen saturation levels. (
  • Altitude sickness can take three basic forms: acute mountain sickness, high-altitude pulmonary edema and high-altitude cerebral edema. (
  • People who ascend from lower elevations to higher ones too quickly are more at risk for high-altitude cerebral edema than those who take it slowly and wait for signs of acute mountain sickness to pass. (
  • If you feel any signs of mountain sickness -- like headaches, nausea, fatigue, difficulty sleeping, shortness of breath or swelling -- you need to stop your ascent until all of the symptoms go away, even if it takes days. (
  • Acute Mountain Sickness is the most common form of altitude sickness. (
  • Clinical and biochemical indices of people with high-altitude experience linked to acute mountain sickness. (
  • Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a major health issue for people travelling to high altitudes. (
  • The ailment, also called acute mountain sickness, typically starts to begin affecting some people at around 8,000 feet. (
  • High altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a common ailment that occurs due to a lack of oxygen at high altitudes, usually above 8,000 feet or 2,400 meters. (
  • Elevation sickness, also known as altitude or mountain sickness, affects many people every year. (
  • Hikers, skiers, and adventurers who travel to high altitudes can sometimes develop acute mountain sickness. (
  • What causes acute mountain sickness? (
  • This can result in acute mountain sickness. (
  • Pushing yourself to quickly hike up a mountain, for example, may cause acute mountain sickness. (
  • What are the symptoms of acute mountain sickness? (
  • The symptoms of acute mountain sickness generally appear within hours of moving to higher altitudes. (
  • Severe cases of acute mountain sickness can cause more intense symptoms and affect your heart, lungs, muscles, and nervous system. (
  • Who is at risk for acute mountain sickness? (
  • Your risk of experiencing acute mountain sickness is greater if you live by or near the sea and are unaccustomed to higher altitudes. (
  • If you're planning on traveling to a high elevation and have any of the above conditions or take any of the above medications, talk to your doctor about how best to avoid developing acute mountain sickness. (
  • How is acute mountain sickness diagnosed? (
  • How is acute mountain sickness treated? (
  • Treatment for acute mountain sickness varies depending on its severity. (
  • How can I prevent acute mountain sickness? (
  • You can take some important preventive steps to reduce your chances of acute mountain sickness. (
  • Review the symptoms of mountain sickness so you can recognize and treat them quickly if they occur. (
  • Mild altitude sickness is called acute mountain sickness (AMS) and is quite similar to a hangover - it causes headache, nausea, and fatigue. (
  • Find out more about the cause, symptoms and treatment of acute mountain sickness. (
  • As with everything, many 'quack' treatments and untested herbal remedies are claimed to prevent mountain sickness. (
  • What are the other names for acute mountain sickness? (
  • Acute mountain sickness is sometimes colloquially referred to as altitude sickness or mountain sickness and in South America it is called soroche. (
  • Acute mountain sickness can be diagnosed using a self-assessment score sheet. (
  • If you have recently ascended to over 2500m, have a headache and your total score is 3 points or more on the score sheet, then you have acute mountain sickness. (
  • Since then it has been an invaluable tool for research into acute mountain sickness (AMS). (
  • As such in 2018 a newly revised Lake Louise Acute Mountain Sickness Score was agreed by consensus and published. (
  • Altitude sickness is also known as mountain sickness, and it can be defined as a group of common symptoms which are caused by walking or climbing very fast to an altitude or elevation that is higher. (
  • Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS): Symptoms can include headache that may progress from mild to excruciating, loss of appetite which may include nausea and vomiting, and fatigue that may progress to complete apathy. (
  • If you're heading to an altitude of 8000 feet or more, altitude sickness symptoms can start to set in because of lower oxygen levels (hypoxia) can trigger the onset of and aggravate your acute mountain sickness (AMS). (
  • In a study done in Keystone Colorado, patients that were given oxygen by facemask for two hours showed immediate relief of acute mountain sickness.² It was just as effective as for patients that simulated altitude descent, basically decreasing their altitude. (
  • Kilimanjaro Altitude Sickness which is also called acute mountain sickness is the Physical distress from difficulty in adjusting to the lower oxygen at a higher altitude level. (
  • This may lead to High Altitude Pulmonary Edema conditions associated with severe acute mountain sickness and occurs because of fluid build-up in the lungs. (
  • Next, it will cause, High Altitude Cerebral Edema which is a condition associated with severe acute mountain sickness, this makes the tissues of the brain swell and build fluid in cranium. (
  • And some people experience a series of symptoms (headaches, fatigue, nausea) that add up to acute mountain sickness, or AMS. (
  • Doing Adventure activities may be at risk for (acute mountain sickness). (
  • While annoying and uncomfortable, altitude sickness, or acute mountain sickness , can get worse. (
  • Commonly known as Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), it affects around 25% of hikers on the famous Inca Trail in Peru due to its extreme change in elevation. (
  • Altitude sickness, also known as Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), is a common affliction among those who visit high-altitude locations such as the Peruvian Andes on the Inca Trail. (
  • Altitude sickness, also called Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), hypobaropathy and soroche, is an illness caused by exposure to the low air pressure, especially low partial pressure of oxygen, which many climbers experience at high altitudes. (
  • By building in acclimatization days "hike high, sleep low" and rest days increases your chances of adequate adaptation, resulting in lower incidence of mountain sickness. (
  • In high-altitude cerebral edema, your brain swells due to retained fluids and the diminished oxygen reaching it. (
  • Treatment for high-altitude cerebral edema includes oxygen supplements and administration of dexamethasone to reduce the swelling of the brain. (
  • The reason for this is that the body can't absorb oxygen efficiently at higher altitudes. (
  • This change takes time as your body will adapt to the reduction of oxygen and the reason why if you go from low to high altitude too quickly, you may feel symptoms of altitude sickness. (
  • The reason behind altitude sickness is due to the less oxygen exposure in high altitudes. (
  • Mild cases of altitude sickness can be treated by going to a lower altitude, using an oxygen machine or taking an over-the-counter pain reliever (to offset the headache). (
  • In these situations, your body is unable to acclimate to higher altitudes, specifically the decrease in oxygen levels. (
  • Higher altitudes have lower levels of oxygen and decreased air pressure. (
  • Altitude sickness is caused by a oxygen deficiency In the body. (
  • However, as the altitude increases, the air pressure drops due to the decrease in weight from the air column above: the air becomes 'thinner' and contains fewer molecules of oxygen. (
  • The oxygen there is less dense than at low altitudes, which makes it more difficult to breathe and optimize oxygenation. (
  • At high altitude there is less oxygen and our body tries to adapt by increasing the rate and depth of breathing, as well as the heart rate. (
  • The inability of the body to function under low oxygen levels is the main cause of Altitude Sickness. (
  • You should remember that on high altitude or elevation, the level of air pressure is lower and so is the level of oxygen compared to that on lower levels. (
  • Anyone that goes to higher altitude without giving their body enough time to adjust to the change in oxygen level and air pressure can be affected by altitude sickness. (
  • Well, the truth about higher altitudes or elevations is that they have lower oxygen levels as well as lower air pressure that the lower altitudes. (
  • So when somebody climbs too fast to high altitude, when somebody climbs too fast to high altitude, they do not give their body ample time to familiarize with the change in air-pressure and oxygen levels. (
  • Do Oxygen Bars Work for Altitude Sickness? (
  • Hence, makes sense in the growing popularity of oxygen bars for altitude sickness. (
  • In this post you'll learn how oxygen bars work for preventing or treating high altitude sickness , how oxygen relates to altitude sickness, and other facts about oxygen bars you might be curious about. (
  • If you're traveling to a high altitude place and you're worried about altitude sickness, you might be considering using an oxygen bar as a preventive measure or as a treatment once you arrive at your destination. (
  • How does oxygen help altitude sickness? (
  • Overexposure to high altitudes changes the balance of oxygen in the body. (
  • High altitudes contain less oxygen and deprives the body from getting adequate supply of oxygen and causes symptoms of altitude sickness. (
  • Thankfully, oxygen therapy exists which can help cut down your chances of altitude sickness which helps replenish oxygen being lost to allow the body to work more efficiently. (
  • Oxygen bars sell pure oxygen as a natural means to reduce symptoms of altitude sickness , as well as a way to boost energy and even improve the look of your skin. (
  • Popularity of oxygen bars for altitude sickness. (
  • At The Arrabelle at Vail Square, they offer Altitude Recovery Kits ($50) -- the package includes 20 minutes of oxygen, a peppermint oil foot rub, and Zaca tablets to help combat any nausea or fatigue. (
  • In conclusion, the bottom line is that oxygen bars can provide some relief for altitude sickness and can work best if used before you feel altitude sickness as a prevention. (
  • 1. Can Oxygen Bars at Ski Resorts Really Help You Beat Altitude Sickness? (
  • While altitude sickness indiscriminately affects marathon runners and couch potatoes alike, getting your lung capacity up through cardio activity could help you absorb more oxygen at higher altitudes, thus helping you fight some of the effects of being up high. (
  • Altitude sickness is caused when humans reach higher altitude levels with a change of barometric pressure and lower oxygen levels before their body has had time to properly adapt. (
  • The combination of wind, strong sun, cold, low oxygen, and dry air creates a hostile atmosphere for trekkers on the high altitude. (
  • The prime cause of the High Altitude Sickness is the amount of oxygen available in the atmosphere goes on decreasing as the altitude increases. (
  • At high altitudes and low pressures, each breath takes in less oxygen, and transfers less to the blood. (
  • At high altitude, the amount of oxygen will be thinned. (
  • Provides pure oxygen can help severe respiratory problems due to altitude sickness of the climbers. (
  • However, oxygen therapy is not as effective as the down to a lower altitude. (
  • Altitude sickness sufferers with severe symptoms or worse have to down the mountain, even after getting oxygen treatments. (
  • The combination of less oxygen and lower air pressure found at high altitudes pose a health hazard, which can manifest in one or more forms of altitude sickness. (
  • Because the air is "thinner" at higher altitudes, when you ascend too quickly, your body struggles to get the oxygen it needs. (
  • Altitude sickness and shortened shifts due to limited oxygen slowed progress, and extremely high winds and lightning shut down the jobsite on many occasions. (
  • Altitude sickness happens when you travel to a higher altitude at a faster rate than your body can adjust to the lower oxygen levels in mountainous areas. (
  • Since blood oxygenation is a large part of why you get symptoms of altitude sickness, increasing your blood oxygen levels can help you get rid of headache, nausea, and fatigue faster. (
  • The treatment of high-altitude pulmonary edema includes rest, administration of oxygen, and descent to a lower altitude. (
  • After having spent nearly a couple of months at higher altitude, we collectively seem to have experienced pretty much every symptom of altitude sickness, only the mild versions thankfully. (
  • Dehydration is the major cause of headache at higher altitude. (
  • Loss of appetite is as common as headache at higher altitude. (
  • Long days on the trail at higher altitude such as 5000m can be exhausting not only physically, but mentally. (
  • Yes, it is not a place to give-in to peer pressure at higher altitude. (
  • Never ascend to sleep at a higher altitude if you have the symptoms. (
  • So prior to going to a higher altitude, ensure that you are well versed with these symptoms, as this will help catch the altitude sickness before it turns out to be dangerous. (
  • Everyone who climbs to a higher altitude will not get altitude sickness if you maintain the proper Health precautions and it is also unpredictable as to who will be vulnerable to the altitude sickness. (
  • It is important to be aware of these symptoms if you are planning a trip to a higher altitude location like Machu Picchu or any other place with an elevation over 8,000 feet. (
  • Their bodies have adjusted to the higher altitude over a long period of time in such a way that they aren't easily affected. (
  • That's why gradually ascending to a higher altitude is the number one thing you can do to prevent altitude sickness. (
  • Whether you choose an IV Bar or mobile IV therapy, by staying hydrated - and not traveling to a higher altitude too quickly - you stand a better chance of preventing altitude sickness altogether. (
  • Some dangerous forms of altitude sickness can lead to life threatening issues. (
  • While the effects of AMS are similar to a hangover and typically do not require medical treatment, AMS is a warning sign that you are at a heightened risk of experiencing more serious forms of altitude sickness. (
  • Nonetheless, in some cases, symptoms of some forms of altitude sickness can appear at elevations as low as 2000m. (
  • Some forms of Altitude Sickness are mild and don't require major medical intervention, while others are an emergency that requires an evacuation off the mountain. (
  • It is recommended that at high altitude any symptoms of headache, nausea, shortness of breath, or vomiting be assumed to be altitude sickness. (
  • Other symptoms of altitude sickness include fatigue, nausea/vomiting, and sleep disruptions. (
  • Be prepared to stop ascending if symptoms of altitude illness occur (headache, fatigue, nausea). (
  • At a higher elevation which has a high-altitude level includes headache, shortness of breath, nausea, and inability to exercise. (
  • People who suffer from altitude sickness often experience symptoms like nausea, dizziness, headache, and fatigue which can be an annoying inconvenience or even life threatening depending on severity and altitude. (
  • Typical symptoms of altitude sickness include fatigue, breathing difficulty, headache and nausea. (
  • If you experience nausea or vomiting, anti-Emetic possibility effectively relieves nausea on altitude sickness, such as promethazine . (
  • In any case, you don't want the nausea, headache, and fatigue that come with altitude sickness to derail your trip. (
  • The earliest description of altitude sickness is attributed to a Chinese text from around 30 BCE that describes "Big Headache Mountains", possibly referring to the Karakoram Mountains around Kilik Pass. (
  • Headaches are the primary symptom used to diagnose altitude sickness, although a headache is also a symptom of dehydration. (
  • Characterized by a throbbing headache, queasy stomach, dizziness and feelings of exhaustion, altitude sickness is caused by traveling to high places too quickly. (
  • The first documented accounts of altitude illness date back to more than 2000 years ago when a Chinese official named Too Kin described the region of the Himalayan Karakoram Pass as "Big Headache Mountain" because of the difficulties experienced by travelers moving across the area. (
  • If you only feel a little dizzy or have a slight headache, you can try to take a break at lower altitude and give your body some more time to acclimatize (at least 12 hours) and then continue the hike. (
  • AMS does not present as a slow, gradual worsening of lesser altitude-related symptoms like breathlessness or headache. (
  • But if your headache persists and worsens along with one or more of the symptoms listed, you should understand that it is the early onset of altitude sickness. (
  • You'll probably hear people tell you that getting a headache at altitude is normal. (
  • Altitude sickness typically occurs only above 2,500 metres (8,000 ft), though some are affected at lower altitudes. (
  • Descent to lower altitudes alleviates the symptoms of HAPE. (
  • If you are from a sea level place or are used to lower altitudes, please keep that in mind - most people feel tired until they adjust, and that feeling is intensified if you go hiking or rock climbing without being careful. (
  • However, young people, people residing in lower altitudes and those who are suffering from respiratory diseases are more susceptible to altitude sickness. (
  • People living at lower altitudes and enjoy a holiday. (
  • Altitude sickness typically occurs above 3,300 meters (10,000 ft.) though some are affected at lower altitudes. (
  • Hydration is that much more important in high-altitude environments because you dehydrate faster than at lower altitudes. (
  • With mild symptoms, it can help to spend a rest day at the same altitude to recover. (
  • Cusco is located at an altitude of 3,400 meters (11,200ft) and it is common for many visitors to experience some mild symptoms of altitude sickness in Cusco , or 'soroche' as it is known locally. (
  • Mild altitude sickness should not interfere too much with your normal activity on your Peru trip . (
  • If your altitude sickness symptoms are mild, your body may adapt to the altitude change on its own. (
  • Altitude sickness can range from mild, unpleasant symptoms to a potentially fatal condition that rapidly progresses. (
  • Most instances of altitude sickness are mild and heal quickly. (
  • The Symptoms of Altitude Sickness can range from mild to the medical emergency. (
  • In case you develop any signs of mild altitude sickness, we recommend that you stop going any higher but rather return to an altitude that is lower. (
  • Therefore in most cases of altitude sickness are mild but it can also be life-threatening. (
  • If you feel even mild symptoms of Altitude Sickness, tell your guide. (
  • Mild altitude sickness is bearable and can be controlled with sufficient rest and drinking lots of water. (
  • Pain medication can be used to treat mild headaches caused by altitude sickness, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. (
  • To cure altitude sickness, your body must either acclimatize or descend to a level it's used to. (
  • When skiing, hiking, or sightseeing, a person may go to high altitudes during the day and descend to sleep at a more comfort-able altitude a night. (
  • If anyone is experiencing severe altitude sickness, descend to a lower altitude as soon as possible and the symptoms should gradually improve. (
  • It is always recommended not to continue if your symptoms fail to improve and descend if the symptoms get worst at the same altitude. (
  • If they are really getting worse then you should descend back to altitudes of 500m-1000m at sleeping level to prevent further complications. (
  • People are likely to die within one hour of developing such symptoms so please descend to a lower altitude as soon as possible. (
  • You might want to consider taking acetazolamide (Diamox), as it's been shown to help with altitude sickness, but consult your doctor beforehand. (
  • Official Drugstore, Price Abilify diamox altitude sickness dosing . (
  • Viagra is indicated for the treatment of erectile dysfunction in men diamox altitude sickness dosing . (
  • Best Online Drugstore diamox altitude sickness dosing . (
  • Drugs & Medications - Cialis diamox altitude sickness dosing .U diamox altitude sickness dosing . (
  • Free Delivery, Zithromax 500mg Cost diamox altitude sickness dosing. (
  • Medication Guide diamox altitude sickness dosing .A de C. Anafranil pharmacie gratuit pilules: October 29, 2014, 19:47. (
  • Aspirin with pack size online clomid purchase best for men in diamox altitude sickness dosing .com, a été diamox altitude sickness dosing . (
  • You can order Diamox for altitude sickness online with our UK registered online doctor. (
  • 8. Take Diamox to deal with the high altitude! (
  • Diamox can reduce the symptoms of high altitude sickness. (
  • It is this fluid which can sometimes lead to the very severe effects of altitude sickness. (
  • There are drugs out there that claim to reduce the effects of altitude sickness, but we're not doctors. (
  • Whether you are attempting a strenuous hike like the Inca Trail or just visiting somewhere at a much higher elevation than usual, the effects of altitude sickness can be serious and unpleasant. (
  • The best proven treatment of altitude sickness is acclimatization . (
  • Everest and K2 are "ultra" altitude, where acclimatization is impossible. (
  • Ensure that you have some acclimatization days where you sleep at the same altitude for a couple nights before ascending. (
  • The rate of ascent, the altitude attained, availability of acclimatization days, the amount of physical activity at high altitude, and individual susceptibility are contributing factors to the incidence and severity of high-altitude illness. (
  • Anyone can suffer from acute altitude sickness, although young people are more likely to be affected as it occurs less often in people over the age of 50. (
  • AMS most commonly occurs as a result of traveling to high altitudes at a rapid pace, specifically 500mm per day, while doing activities such as climbing, hiking, or driving. (
  • Altitude sickness occurs when people travel to high altitudes too quickly. (
  • This does not work equally well for everyone and this is why altitude sickness occurs. (
  • 2. High altitude pulmonary Edema (HAPE): this normally occurs when fluids build up within the lungs making breathing very difficult. (
  • Altitude sickness occurs if you ascend too quickly without allowing your body to adjust properly to the rarefied air. (
  • Altitude sickness, also known as soroche in Peru , is a condition that occurs when you climb to a high altitude too quickly. (
  • High-altitude pulmonary edema generally occurs 2-4 days after rapid ascent to altitudes in excess of 2500 m. (
  • In rare cases, altitude sickness can become extreme, effecting the brain and lungs, in that case it can be deadly and it's imperative that those affected get to a lower altitude and seek medical help. (
  • As is heart and lungs are working at a high gear at altitude, walking faster only puts more pressure and leads to crash. (
  • In rare cases, altitude sickness can become severe and cause complications with the lungs or brain. (
  • The reduced air pressure has other problems associated with it as well, allowing fluid to collect outside of the cells, around the brain (High Altitude Cerebral Edema) and the lungs (High Altitude Pulmonary Edema), both very serious conditions. (
  • Please note that severe altitude sickness may lead to fluid accumulating in the lungs as well as in the brain especially if not treated. (
  • High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE): The symptoms of AMS may progress to congestion in the lungs with or without brain involvement. (
  • Even if you're in great shape, your lungs will still be working overtime at high altitude. (
  • According to Web MD's website, "Altitude sickness can affect your lungs and brain. (
  • High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema, or HAPE, is a very dangerous altitude-related condition that affects your lungs. (
  • High altitude pulmonary edema or HAPE, is a build-up of fluid in the lungs and can be fatal within hours. (
  • You can't exactly train for hunting at altitude without, well, altitude, but being in good shape makes it far more likely your lungs will be able to cope with the challenges of increased elevation. (
  • High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a buildup of fluid in the lungs that can be very dangerous and even life-threatening. (
  • altitude sickness is more uncomfortable, with unpleasant symptoms such as vomiting, intense headaches, and shortness of breath. (
  • If you are intending to trek above 3000m, you should consult your doctor and discuss the causes, symptoms and treatment of altitude sickness before you travel to Nepal. (
  • Coca leaves have been used traditionally by people in some countries and regions for health benefits, for example, for the relief of gastrointestinal problems and respiratory ailments and treatment of altitude sickness. (
  • Though altitude illness can affect anyone, people who quickly ascend at high elevations such as backpackers, climbers, and those who fly to a high altitude and proceed directly to a higher area are more likely to experience altitude sickness. (
  • In addition, Mount Kilimanjaro records the highest altitude level in Africa which makes some of the climbers observe Kilimanjaro Altitude Sickness Symptoms if not properly prepared to attempt the climb. (
  • This is the only summit to offer nontechnical climb and makes it easier for the new climbers to start their summit but the only thing which needs to be taken care of is, proper preparation for altitude conditions which may cause some of the health conditions while Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro . (
  • This condition often attacks the climbers at an altitude of 2,438 meters above sea level. (
  • That's why you have to ascend to high altitudes gradually -- to let your body adjust. (
  • Death has usually occurred because the person continued to ascend with symptoms that should have been recognized as altitude sickness. (
  • Making sure that you do not ascend too quickly and taking precautions like drinking plenty of fluids and staying warm can help prevent altitude sickness from occurring in the first place. (
  • The Andes Mountains and Himalaya are among the places that require visitors to ascend to high altitude. (
  • The faster the rate of ascent and the higher a person ascends, the more likely they are to suffer from altitude sickness. (
  • The severity of the symptoms depends on the altitude reached, the rate of ascent, the time spent at the high altitude, and the person's overall health. (
  • The ventilatory response to a relatively hypoxic stimulus can be divided into four phases: (1) initial increase on ascent, (2) subsequent course over hours and weeks, (3) deacclimatization on descent, and (4) long-term response of high-altitude natives. (
  • Altitude sickness can occur after one to two days of being in a high altitude environment. (
  • Altitude sickness occur anywhere when hiking above 3500 meters. (
  • Altitude sickness is a number of symptoms that can occur from ascending to high altitudes more quickly than the body can adjust. (
  • Altitude sickness can occur in some places in Colombia but if you come prepared you shouldn't worry too much. (
  • The Kilimanjaro Altitude Sickness Symptoms will occur within a few hours after the arrival. (
  • HAPE may occur after Acute Altitude Sickness has been ignored and symptoms allowed to advance. (
  • Altitude sickness is a difficult condition to endure and can occur when your body is not properly acclimated to high elevation - especially over 8,000 feet above sea level. (
  • Altitude sickness is a common condition that can occur when someone climbs to the plateau too fast. (
  • People who aren't accustomed to such high altitudes sometimes suffer from altitude sickness when first visiting the city. (
  • Between 20% and 40% of mountaineers suffer from altitude sickness. (
  • There is no hard and fast rule as to why people might suffer from altitude sickness. (
  • Altitude sickness is the term for conditions that people travelling to high or extreme altitudes may suffer from. (
  • For example, it is possible to suffer from altitude sickness only at higher elevations or that anyone can get it regardless of his or her physical condition, age, weight or previous experience in high altitude environments. (
  • The Himalayas represent the biggest risk, where 50 percent or more of trekkers on popular high altitude routes suffer some form of altitude illness. (
  • Is it serious to suffer from altitude sickness? (
  • Is it possible to suffer altitude sickness on the Inca Trail? (
  • for some otherwise healthy people, acute altitude sickness can begin to appear at around 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) above sea level, such as at many mountain ski resorts, equivalent to a pressure of 80 kilopascals (0.79 atm). (
  • Medgate: Acute altitude sickness can set in at around 2,000 metres above sea level. (
  • If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of acute altitude sickness, tell your guide immediately. (
  • In most cases, it proceeds symptoms of Acute Altitude Sickness that have been ignored, or the individual continues ascending the mountain despite feeling altitude sickness. (
  • It affects each of us in varying degrees, and who it hits worst is still a mystery-neither your age nor gender nor fitness level seems to help in predicting whether or not you will experience altitude sickness. (
  • People can experience altitude sickness at 5,000 feet, but most start feeling symptoms around 8,000, and they get more pronounced the higher you go. (
  • That being said, acetazolamide is the most common pill used to prevent and reduce the symptoms of altitude sickness. (
  • Skiers, hikers and anyone planning a trip a location that is significantly higher than what they are used to should be know the signs and symptoms of altitude sickness and how to prevent and treat it. (
  • If you plan on climbing the Inca Trail it's important to stay alert to signs and symptoms of altitude sickness so that your journey can be enjoyed safely. (
  • It's the most common type of altitude sickness and feels similar to having a hangover. (
  • Altitude sickness is quite similar to hangover or sea sickness: You're nauseous, weakened, dizzy, your head aches and it can feel difficult to breathe. (
  • High Altitude Pulmonary Edema is a severe form of altitude sickness causing breathlessness. (
  • Traveling to and living at high altitude regions have become more common. (
  • To prevent altitude sickness, you have to climb gradually, making sure not to increase the elevation you sleep at by more than a thousand feet (300 meters) each day. (
  • A significant proportion of people who climb over 9,000ft develop some symptoms relating to altitude. (
  • While most visitors to Tibet aren't planning on climbing Mt. Everest, the altitude alone is enough to knock you on your feet, even minus the strenuous climb. (
  • As you climb to higher altitudes, it's important to allow your body time to adjust. (
  • Be cautious of any climbing tour operator encouraging you to complete a climb in 5 days or less, as this greatly increases one's chances of getting altitude sickness. (
  • If you want to climb the mountain, know how to cure this altitude sickness. (
  • Don't climb higher if you are suffering any symptoms of altitude sickness. (
  • Plus, if you already contracted high-altitude pulmonary edema, your chances of high-altitude cerebral edema grow. (
  • Any pre-existing conditions should be discussed with a medical professional before going to high altitude because some conditions may increase the chances of getting altitude sickness (like congenital heart disease) and other conditions may worsen in high altitudes. (
  • Alcohol, smoking and psycho-active substances can increase the chances of suffering from altitude sickness or worsen the symptoms so you should steer clear of those a few days before and during a hike. (
  • Don't go too fast up the mountain, longer climbs allow you to acclimatize better and reduce your chances of altitude sickness. (
  • As dehydration presents many of the same symptoms as altitude sickness, your chances of being allowed to continue are best if you stay hydrated. (
  • Risk factors include a prior episode of altitude sickness, a high degree of activity, and a rapid increase in elevation. (
  • Sickness is prevented by gradually increasing elevation by no more than 300 metres (1,000 ft) per day. (
  • However, an altitude or elevation over 18,000 feet is considered extremely high. (
  • Symptoms usually come on within 12 to 24 hours of reaching a higher elevation and then gets better within a day or two as your body adjusts to the change in altitude. (
  • Signs of high-altitude cerebral edema are confusion, disorientation, bad headaches, vomiting, seizures , a sense of imbalance that causes difficulty walking and coma. (
  • If you haven't hiked in mountains and high-desert terrain before though, it is wise to learn about altitude sickness and how to prevent it from happening. (
  • Though it's easier and less painful to prevent altitude sickness. (
  • Can I take drugs to prevent altitude sickness? (
  • If your next elk hunt will take you to the high country, you need to know the signs of altitude sickness and how to deal with them-or better yet, prevent them altogether. (
  • Coca leaves have been used for thousands of years by the people of the Andean region for their ability to help prevent altitude sickness. (
  • Taking alpha-lipoic acid by mouth along with vitamin C and vitamin E does not seem to prevent altitude sickness. (
  • People can respond to high altitude in different ways. (
  • People with pre-existing heart or lung conditions are also at a higher risk for high-altitude cerebral edema than those who are healthy. (
  • It's hard to tell if you will be affected by altitude sickness as some people can be more susceptible than others regardless of age, sex, or physical condition. (
  • The risk of altitude sickness is seen in 20% of people when they are at a height of 8,000 m and 40% people, at a height of 10,000 m. (
  • This type of sickness is suffered by most people. (
  • This means that the risk of developing altitude sickness is the same for people of all fitness levels. (
  • While many people start experiencing symptoms, they have no idea they are actually dealing with a very serious illness which is brought on by the altitude they are at while exploring or traveling in the mountains. (
  • For more than 10 years we have been helping athletes realize their dreams and bringing people without altitude sickness to the mountain of their dreams. (
  • Most people who have ever gone at altitude know that there are various dangers related to high altitude travel , climbing, and being at higher elevations, in general. (
  • Note that altitude sickness can affect anyone, however, some people just cannot tolerate high altitudes well and are much more likely to develop this disorder. (
  • This shows that people have witnessed and known about the effects of traveling at high altitude for thousands of years. (
  • Every year, people die of altitude sickness. (
  • Most people remain well at altitudes of up to 2500m, the equivalent barometric pressure to which aeroplane cabins are pressurised. (
  • Being what's known as a "walk-up", without the need for ropes and climbing gear, some people underestimate the potential for serious, life-threatening situations as a result of the altitude. (
  • However, in most instances people having heard disease or lung complication are advised to avoid such high altitudes. (
  • People are exposed to high altitudes in different ways. (
  • There are many people throughout the world who make a living at higher altitudes. (
  • People have very different reactions to altitude, and if you think you'll get off the hook just because you're in good shape, you're wrong - altitude sickness discriminates no one. (
  • [ 2 , 3 ] Young people and previously acclimatized people reascending to a high altitude following a short stay at low altitude seem to be more predisposed to HAPE. (
  • Recently, military operations involving troops traveling from ground level to high-altitude environments in a relatively short time and operations involving soldiers doing strenuous activities at higher altitudes have resulted in many cases of DCS. (
  • An altitude from 8,000 feet to 12,000 feet above sea level is considered high, while and altitude of 12,000 to 18,000 is considered very high. (
  • How best to avoid altitude sickness: Cover a difference in altitude of only 300-500 metres per day. (
  • Staying hydrated before, and throughout your trip is vital to avoid unpleasant altitude sickness symptoms. (
  • What Is Altitude Sickness-and How Can You Avoid It? (
  • You might be able to avoid complications by simply returning to a lower altitude. (
  • Anything above 2,400 m.a.s.l. can cause altitude sickness and you should prepare properly to avoid this. (
  • Following these tips might not help you avoid the effects of high-altitude completely, but they should help diminish them enough to enjoy your trip. (
  • Everest base camp trekking and how to avoid high altitude sickness! (
  • After 3500m, it is possible to get high altitude sickness anywhere in the Himalayas, but if trekkers follow the rules can avoid it. (
  • Here some tips on how to avoid high altitude sickness. (
  • The best treatment for high altitude sickness is prevention. (
  • This post is dedicated to a condition known as altitude sickness , its signs and symptoms, means of prevention as well as proper treatment. (
  • With an extreme case of altitude sickness, it's better not to continue the hike. (
  • If you have a more moderate case of altitude sickness, your symptoms might feel more intense and not improve. (
  • This is the most frequent type of altitude sickness encountered. (
  • Diarrhoea is never a symptom of altitude sickness and fever rarely is. (
  • It is important to remember that everyone regardless of age, sex and physical fitness levels is susceptible to altitude sickness. (
  • This passive transportation seems less likely to cause altitude sickness because very little personal exertion is required. (
  • The US Army studies show that carbohydrates increase ventilation, and are the most efficient fuel for high altitude exertion. (
  • Cold weather and physical exertion at high altitude are other predisposing factors. (
  • There are lots of interesting facts and statistics about altitude illness. (
  • If you read the whole post, you'd find and more interesting things about altitude illness. (
  • Altitude illness is a condition associated with travel to elevations above 2500m. (
  • Learn and recognise the early symptoms of altitude illness and tell our staff and your colleagues. (
  • Altitude illness bothers anyone. (
  • High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a potentially fatal form of severe high-altitude illness, a type of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema caused by hypoxia. (
  • High-altitude illness may result from short-term exposures to altitudes in excess of 2000-2500 m (6562 -8202 ft). (
  • Also see Altitude Illness - Cerebral Syndromes and Altitude Illness - Pulmonary Syndromes . (
  • it also includes advice about preventing and treating common travel-related ailments such as altitude illness, motion sickness, and jet lag. (