Opportunistic fungal infection by a member of ALTERNARIA genus.
Fungal infections caused by TRICHOSPORON that may become systemic especially in an IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST. Clinical manifestations range from superficial cutaneous infections to systemic lesions in multiple organs.
A mitosporic Loculoascomycetes fungal genus including several plant pathogens and at least one species which produces a highly phytotoxic antibiotic. Its teleomorph is Lewia.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
Transference of an organ between individuals of the same species or between individuals of different species.
A human or animal whose immunologic mechanism is deficient because of an immunodeficiency disorder or other disease or as the result of the administration of immunosuppressive drugs or radiation.

Antifungal susceptibility profile of clinical Alternaria spp. identified by molecular methods. (1/7)

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Alternaria induces STAT6-dependent acute airway eosinophilia and epithelial FIZZ1 expression that promotes airway fibrosis and epithelial thickness. (2/7)

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STAT6 regulates natural helper cell proliferation during lung inflammation initiated by Alternaria. (3/7)

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Cutaneous alternariosis with trichosporon infection in a heart transplant recipient: a case report. (4/7)

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Alternaria alternata in a case of mass in the lung. (5/7)

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Innate type 2 response to Alternaria extract enhances ryegrass-induced lung inflammation. (6/7)

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Alternaria keratitis after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty. (7/7)

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TY - JOUR. T1 - Alternariosis after liver transplantation. AU - Benito, Natividad. AU - Moreno, Asunción. AU - Puig, Jordi. AU - Rimola, Antoni. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2001/12/15. Y1 - 2001/12/15. N2 - Alternaria is a saprophytic fungus that is increasingly recognized as a human pathogen, particularly in immunocompromised hosts, including solid-organ transplant recipients. Although combined surgical and medical treatment seem to be useful in the management of this infection, an optimal antifungal therapy remains to be defined. Only four cases of alternariosis after orthotopic liver transplantation have been reported. We describe an additional case and review the literature on infections due to Alternaria in organ transplant recipients, with special emphasis on treatment.. AB - Alternaria is a saprophytic fungus that is increasingly recognized as a human pathogen, particularly in immunocompromised hosts, including solid-organ transplant ...
Moradian N, Ochs HD, Sedikies C, Hamblin MR, Camargo CA Jr, Martinez JA, Biamonte JD, Abdollahi M, Torres PJ, Nieto JJ, Ogino S, Seymour JF, Abraham A, Cauda V, Gupta S, Ramakrishna S, Sellke FW, Sorooshian A, Wallace Hayes A, Martinez-Urbistondo M, Gupta M, Azadbakht L, Esmaillzadeh A, Kelishadi R, Esteghamati A, Emam-Djomeh Z, Majdzadeh R, Palit P, Badali H, Rao I, Saboury AA, Jagan Mohan Rao L, Ahmadieh H, Montazeri A, Fadini GP, Pauly D, Thomas S, Moosavi-Movahed AA, Aghamohammadi A, Behmanesh M, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Ghavami S, Mehran R, Uddin LQ, Von Herrath M, Mobasher B, Rezaei N. ...
B cells have a central role in the pathogenesis of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), an animal model of the autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis. In this report, a specific subset of an innate type of B cells, B-1 B cells, have been studied for the involvement in CIA. The B-1 B cells were shown to produce small amounts of collagen-specific antibodies upon stimulation in vitro, suggesting that they play a minor role in the development of CIA. This report also includes how marginal zone B cells, another innate type of B cells with natural collagen-reactivity, can be identified in the medullary sinuses of lymph nodes of collagen-immunized mice, implying involvement in auto antigen trapping. ...
Study suggests new therapeutic targets for virally-induced asthma attacks. When children with asthma get the flu, they often land in the hospital gasping for air. Researchers at Childrens Hospital Boston have found a previously unknown biological pathway explaining why influenza induces asthma attacks. Studies in a mouse model, published online May 29 by the journal Nature Immunology, reveal that influenza activates a newly recognized group of immune cells called natural helper cells presenting a completely new set of drug targets for asthma.. If activation of these cells, or their asthma-inducing secretions, could be blocked, asthmatic children could be more effectively protected when they get the flu and possibly other viral infections, says senior investigator Dale Umetsu, MD, PhD, of Childrens Division of Immunology.. Although most asthma is allergic in nature, attacks triggered by viral infection tend to be what put children in the hospital, reflecting the fact that this type of asthma ...
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ThyroLibrum is a thyroid support supplement that has a natural helper and booster complex formula that may improve thyroid metabolism.
Innate and innate-like lymphocytes are newly appreciated tissue-resident immune cells with vital roles in the initiation of tissue inflammation. As early responders during tissue perturbation, these cells are integral in shaping both protective and pathologic immune responses, as well as contributing during normal tissue development and remodeling. We are particularly focused on innate lymphocytes that are associated with type 2/allergic immune responses. Through understanding the local signals and micro-environments that regulate these innate type 2 immune responses, we hope to manipulate these pathways to limit allergic pathology (asthma, allergy, atopic dermatitis) or promote allergic responses in settings of chronic, low-grade inflammatory diseases (cardiovascular disease, obesity/diabetes,) where we and others have found type 2 immunity to be beneficial.. One area of laboratory focus is on the epidemic of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Obesity promotes local inflammation in visceral adipose ...
The Microbe collection is a diverse group of mAbs that recognize primarily surface components of prokaryotes including bacteria and viruses
LTi cells are members of the larger family of ILCs that were recently shown to play major roles in intestinal immunity and homeostasis. A first subset, termed natural killer cells, was first described 35 yr ago (Kiessling et al., 1976) and replicates the cytokine expression profile of Th1 cells. A second subset, termed nuocytes, or natural helper cells, replicates the cytokine expression profile of Th2 cells and expands shortly after helminth infection (Moro et al., 2010; Neill et al., 2010; Saenz et al., 2010). A third subset, which includes LTi cells and NK22 cells, expresses LTα1β2 and IL-22, which are both involved in cross talk with epithelial cells to deliver antiapoptotic signals and induce the expression of antimicrobial peptides (Spits and Di Danto, 2011). This latter subset is characterized by the expression of RORγt and, as with Th17 cells (Ivanov et al., 2006), requires RORγt for its development (Eberl et al., 2004). In addition to RORγt, the development of LTi cells from CLPs ...
Interleukin 25 (IL-25) is a major alarmin cytokine, capable of initiating and amplifying the type 2 immune response to helminth parasites. However its role in the later effector phase of clearing chronic infection remains unclear. The helminth Heligmosomoides polygyrus establishes long-term infections in susceptible C57BL/6 mice, but is slowly expelled in BALB/c mice from day 14 onwards. We noted that IL-25R (Il17rb)-deficient BALB/c mice were unable to expel parasites despite type 2 immune activation comparable to the wild-type. We then established that in C57BL/6 mice, IL-25 adminstered late in infection (days 14-17) drove immunity. Moreover when IL-25 and IL-4 were delivered to Rag1-deficient mice, the combination resulted in near complete expulsion of the parasite, even following administration of an anti-CD90 antibody to deplete innate lymphoid cells (ILCs). Hence, effective anti-helminth immunity during chronic infection requires an innate effector cell population that is synergistically ...
University of Chicago developmental neuroscientists have found specific brain markers that predict generosity in children. Those neural markers appear to be linked to both social and moral evaluation processes. There are many sorts of prosocial behaviors. Although young children are natural helpers, their perspective on sharing resources tends to be selfish. Jean Decety, the Irving B. Harris Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry, and Jason Cowell, a postdoctoral scholar in Decety s Ch...
احمدی­ زاده اصفهانی آ، صدروی م و کاظمی ش (1398) تاثیر نانوکیتوزان بر بیماری سوختگی زودهنگام گوجه‌فرنگی. دانش بیماری‌شناسی گیاهی 8(2):109-102. DOI: 10.2982/PPS.8.2.102 مقدمه: سوختگی زودهنگام ناشی از گونه­ های Alternaria یکی از بیماری‌های مهم­ گوجه­ فرنگی در جهان است. این بیماری از بیشتر مناطق ایران با آلودگی تا 90 درصد گزارش شده ...
Alternaria is a cosmopolitan fungal genus widely distributing in soil and organic matter. It includes saprophytic, endophytic and pathogenic species. At least 268 metabolites from Alternaria fungi have been reported in the past few decades. They mainly include nitrogen-containing metabolites, steroids, terpenoids, pyranones, quinones, and phenolics. This review aims to briefly summarize the structurally different metabolites produced by Alternaria fungi, as well as their occurrences, biological activities and functions. Some considerations related to synthesis, biosynthesis, production and applications of the metabolites from Alternaria fungi are also discussed.
Acute airway obstruction is much more common in infants and children than in adults because of their unique anatomic and physiologic features. Even in young patients with partial airway occlusion, symptoms can be severe and potentially life-threatening. Factors that predispose children to airway com
Alternaria induces a rapid innate eosinophilia and ILC2 response which is suppressed by HESAlternaria, without OVA, was administered intransally to BALB/c mice
Objective: Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) significantly reduces the post-transplantation morbidity in patients eligible for partial-thickness c
This study was carried out to identify unknown Alternaria species or less known as plant pathogenic anamorphic fungi from Benghazi District. Plant materials with fungal signs and symptoms were collected and examined to identify causal agents. Five species-A. brassicae (on Eruca sativa), A. longipes (on Nicotiana glauca), A. tenuissima (on Ficus carica), A. triticicola (on Hordeum vulgare L.) and Alternaria state of Pleospora infectoria (on Avena sativa)-were reported as plant pathogenic and new to Libyan mycobiota.
The aim of the study was to analyse the relationship between meteorologicalconditions and Alternaria and Cladosporium spore concentrations in the air of Zagreb in August 2002 andAugust 2003. These months were chosen because they represented climatic extremes. A 7-day VPPS 2000 Hirstvolumetric...
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Westernized countries are experiencing striking increases in the prevalence of asthma. The inflammatory airway response in asthma may be the result of immune cells that are dysregulated towards environmental factors. The long-term goal of this project is to better understand the pathophysiologic mechanisms of persistent and recurrent Th2-type airway inflammation in asthma patients. Exposure to the fungus, Alternaria, is implicated in the development and exacerbation of human asthma. After intranasal exposure to Alternaria, naive mice showed eosinophilic airway inflammation, enhanced Th2 sensitization to innocuous antigens, and airway hyperreactivity. Alternaria activated dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro; this activation induced DCs to express costimulatory molecules and certain cytokines, and it inhibited production by DCs of the IL-12 family molecules and IL-10. Bioactive enzymes from Alternaria and a novel category of innate immune receptor, ...
Ashok N Babu, Tomohiro Murakawa, Joshua M Thurman, Edmund J Miller, Peter M Henson, Martin R Zamora, Norbert F Voelkel, Mark R Nicolls
The Alternaria japonica Yoshii (1941) is Permitted - s11 for the whole of state and is not assigned to any control category for a local government area at this time ...
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Boala și patogenul cauzator Pătarea brună a frunzelor de tomate (alternarioza) Alternaria porri (Ell) Neerg.f.sp.solani (Ell et Mert.... Citeste mai departe. ...
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From BioPortfolio: Air pressure changes in the creation and bursting of the type-1 big bubble in deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty: an ex vivo study Eye advance online publicati...
Mean preoperative visual acuity was 0.29 ± 0.18 in the big-bubble group and 0.25 ± 0.15 in the microbubble group. Postoperatively, all patients showed a regular interface between donor and recipient tissue. At 24 months, mean best-corrected visual acuity was 0.84 ± 0.16 in the big-bubble group and 0.68 ± 0.17 in the microbubble group (p = 0.013), and mean central corneal thickness was 530 ± 39 µm in the big-bubble group and 545 ± 30 µm in the microbubble group. Astigmatism was 2.41 ± 1.29 D and 3.59 ± 1.48 D (p = 0.036), respectively, while endothelial cell density was 1,671 ± 371 in the big-bubble group and 1,567 ± 275 in the microbubble group.. ...
The use of overlay sutures and fibrin glue in DLK is a time efficient and effective technique. We propose that this technique may be used routinely in cases where donor corneal button appears to fit well in the stromal bed at the time of surgery, that is, where there is no disparity in the thickness …
Fungi belonging to the genus Alternaria are common pathogens of fruit and vegetables with some species able to produce secondary metabolites dangerous to human health. Twenty-eight Alternaria isolates from rocket and cabbage were investigated for their mycotoxin production. Five different Alternaria toxins were extracted from synthetic liquid media and from plant material (cabbage, cultivated rocket, cauliflower). A modified Czapek-Dox medium was used for the in vitro assay. Under these conditions, more than 80% of the isolates showed the ability to produce at least one mycotoxin, generally with higher levels for tenuazonic acid. However, the same isolates analyzed in vivo seemed to lose their ability to produce tenuazonic acid. For the other mycotoxins; alternariol, alternariol monomethyl ether, altenuene and tentoxin a good correlation between in vitro and in vivo production was observed. In vitro assay is a useful tool to predict the possible mycotoxin contamination under field and greenhouse
Optimization of polysaccharide production by Alternaria alternata By A.R.El-shamy and Nehad, E.A* From Department of Chemistry of Natural and Microbial Products, National Research Center,
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Acute Airway Obstruction Associated with Granulation Tissue of Tracheostoma-A Case Report. AU - 建宏, 郭. PY - 2005. Y1 - 2005. M3 - 期刊論文. VL - 43. JO - Asian Journal of Anesthesiology. JF - Asian Journal of Anesthesiology. SN - 2468-824X. IS - 3. ER - ...
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DALK is an established surgical technique for treatment of stromal corneal diseases, such as keratoconus. Several preparation steps are challenging such as localisation of instruments within the stroma or estimation of remaining tissue thickness in relation to DM because they cannot be visualised precisely by conventional en-face microscopy. Approaches, such as the preoperative measurement of the stromal thickness using Pentacam16 are feasible. However, intraoperative visualisation of the trephination depth and placement of the needle would be superior over preoperative measurements and would aid the surgeon during the procedure.. OCT has been used to image the anterior segment of the eye17 prior to and after deep anterior keratoplasty to plan surgical steps and to analyse the operative outcome.18 By contrast, online intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT), enables to visualise tissues and, to a certain extent, instruments in virtual cross-section of the region of interest, thereby ...
This study was aimed at evaluating the influence of 5637-conditioned medium (5637-CM) and human recombinant cytokines on both expression and function of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in TF-1, a GM-CSF/IL-3-dependent acute myeloid leukemia cell line which constitutively expresses functional P-gp. P-gp expression was measured by flow cytometry using MRK16 monoclonal antibody. P-gp function was measured by rhodamine 123 (Rh 123) efflux kinetics. When TF-1 cells were cultured with 5637-CM (50% v/v), both P-gp expression and P-gp efflux capacity were increased in a time-dependent manner with a 4-fold increase in P-gp expression level at day 6 whereas TF-1 cell differentiation status remained unchanged as assessed by morphological studies, phenotypical and cytochemistry analysis. Recombinant cytokines including GM-CSF, G-CSF, IL-1 beta, IL-6, stem cell factor, LIF, erythropoietin, and IL-3 had no effect on P-gp expression whereas TNF alpha induced dose- and time-dependent P-gp and mdr-1 gene overexpression. However,
The tangerine pathotype of Alternaria alternata is the aetiological agent of Alternaria brown spot on tangerines. In the state of Paraíba, Brazil, its occurrence on
The genus Alternaria includes numerous phytopathogenic species, many of which are economically relevant. Traditionally, identification has been based on morphology, but is often hampered by the tendency of some strains to become sterile in culture and by the existence of species-complexes of morphologically similar taxa. This study aimed to assess if strains of four closely-related plant pathogens, i.e., accurately Alternaria dauci (ten strains), Alternaria porri (six), Alternaria solani (ten), and Alternaria tomatophila (ten) could be identified using multilocus phylogenetic analysis and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionisation Time of Flight (MALDI-TOF) profiling of proteins. Phylogenetic analyses were performed on three loci, i.e., the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of rRNA, and the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gpd) and Alternaria major antigen (Alt a 1) genes. Phylogenetic trees based on ITS sequences did not differentiate strains of A. solani, A. tomatophila, and ...
The production of mycotoxins by Alternaria alternata in cellulosic ceiling tiles was examined with thin-layer chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography procedures. Alternariol and alternariol monomethyl ether were found in ceiling tile extracts, whereas extracts of control rice cultures of all three isolates produced these...
Viral single standed RNA is sensed by cells via toll-like receptor (TLR)-7 and TLR-8. We have recently shown that stimulating TLR-7 and TLR-8 relaxes airway smo...
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The purpose is to report a case of Candida interface infection after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). A 23-year-old female patient underwent DALK surgery in the left eye for keratoconus. Four weeks after the surgery, she presented with asymptomatic white-cream colored deposits at the graft-host interface. Epithelial ingrowth was our first possible diagnosis because there were no symptoms or signs of inflammation. However, progression of the lesion under steroid treatment and the appearance of inflammation signs after tapering the steroid treatment raised suspicion of fungal keratitis. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT), ultrasound biomicroscopy, confocal microscopy and microbiologic examinations of the cornea were performed to evaluate the lesion. Anterior segment OCT and ultrasound biomicroscopy confirmed the lesion to be at the interface. The confocal scan disclosed hyper-reflective deposits and surrounding inflammatory cells but there were no hyphae-like ...
FANTA, NORA; ORTEGA, XIMENA and PEREZ, LUZ M. The development of Alternaria alternata is prevented by chitinases and ß-1,3- glucanases from Citrus limon seedlings. Biol. Res. [online]. 2003, vol.36, n.3-4, pp.411-420. ISSN 0716-9760. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-97602003000300012.. In addition to phytoalexin synthesis, the defense response of intact Citrus limon seedlings against Alternaria alternata involves both constitutive and induced enzyme activities such as chitinases (Ch) and ß-1,3-glucanases (Glu). A. alternata conidial germination was prevented by protein extracts from inoculated lemon seedlings, but also by extracts from mock-inoculated specimens. On the other hand, degradation of mycelia was accomplished only by protein extracts from inoculated seedlings. The presence of six Ch isoenzymes and of four Glu isoenzymes was detected in protein extracts from mock-inoculated seedlings. As a result of fungal inoculation, the isoenzyme pattern of Ch and Glu changed, making possible the ...
Brown apical necrosis (BAN) of walnut (Juglans regia L.) causes premature fruit drop and yield losses and has been reported to be an important walnut production problem in Spain, Italy, France, and Turkey (1,2). A number of organisms have been associated with BAN on walnut: Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis, Fusarium spp., and Alternaria spp. (3). Since the spring of 2007, BAN was observed in 50 to 60% of the trees in walnut orchards in Taian City and Laiwu City, Shandong Province, China. Surface-disinfested tissue from premature walnut fruits was placed onto potato dextrose agar. Alternaria spp., X. arboricola pv. juglandis, and Pantoea agglomerans (formerly Enterobacter agglomerans) were isolated 76, 35, and 45% of the time, respectively. The P. agglomerans cultures formed a yellow lawn and were rod shaped with the body length of 1.5 to 3.0 μm, width of 0.5 to 1.0 μm, and four to six flagella. In biochemical tests, these bacteria were gram negative, lactose positive, and indole negative. ...
They resemble small moths with wings coated in a powdery white wax and are often discovered on the underside of leaves. Whiteflies can infest a wide range of vegetation and vegetable crops together with melon, eggplant, bean, cabbage, tomato and broccoli. Fruit flies are a big threat to horticulture. These insect pests can infect a wide variety of vegetables and fruits and destroy them. For a small variety of lace bugs, use a powerful jet of water from a backyard hose to knock the pests of the plant and possibly kill the nymphs. The Australian plague locust is a significant insect pests of crops and pastures throughout Australia. Sooty moulds Alternaria species †Sooty mould seems as black, dry powder on leaves similar to chimney soot.. Some issues can be merely annoying, whereas others could cause main harm. Here are solutions for safely and naturally coping with some frequent backyard issues. As with their relations the aphids, mealybugs, and scale, a whitefly population can develop ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Acute Airway Obstruction and Pulmonary Edema. AU - Hurlbert, Barbara J.. PY - 1978/3/27. Y1 - 1978/3/27. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0018277595&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0018277595&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1001/jama.1978.03280400021005. DO - 10.1001/jama.1978.03280400021005. M3 - Letter. C2 - 633524. AN - SCOPUS:0018277595. VL - 239. SP - 1281. JO - JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association. JF - JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association. SN - 0002-9955. IS - 13. ER - ...
Fizz was a large bi-monthly fanzine that began as Fiz in 1992. Originally founded by Cathy Rundell and Wendy McConnell in Los Angeles, Fiz published 13 issues before the two friends parted and Rundell moved to Seattle, WA in 1994. She then added an extra z to the title, became its sole publisher, and picked up a lot of contributors in her new hometown. Fizz went on to publish 10 more issues from 1994-1998. Both Fiz and Fizz were printed on newsprint with a glossy color cover and some spot color inside. Each issue featured lots of rock and punk band interviews, art, columns and features, often with a humorous angle. One of the highlights each issue was Rundells pre-teen daughter Vivien interviewing various musicians, including Billy Idol, the Ramones, Mudhoney and Lemmy from Motorhead (where she asked him if he liked toy trolls). Contributors included Carolyn Kellogg, Jen Dalton, Dave McConnell, Jill Jones, Randy Horton, Nick Scott (of the band Popdefect), Debbie Patino, Falling James (of ...
Alt a 1 is recognised by approximately 80% to 100% of all Alternaria-allergic patients (29,55). rAlt a 1 has been shown to be similar to natural Alt a 1. In a study of A. alternata-sensitised individuals, 85.7% to ,90% were shown to be sensitised to to rAlt a 1 (25,29). Similarly, in a study of patients with A. alternata allergy, sensitisation could be detected by means of skin test. No false-positive results were obtained with control patients, even at the highest concentration (14). Evaluation of recombinant Alt a 1 using skin test was positive in 6 of 7 individuals allergic to Alternaria. In contrast, in a study using commercially available A. alternata extracts, researchers failed to correctly diagnose Alternaria-allergic patients in 2/10 cases (25 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A novel chitinase isozyme in tobacco BY-2 cells induced by the autoclaved Alternaria alternata culture medium. AU - Saito, Mikako. AU - Shinya, Tomonori. AU - Hanai, Kazunari. AU - Katagi, Tetsuya. AU - Matsuoka, Hideaki. PY - 2004/10. Y1 - 2004/10. N2 - BY-2 cells form a linear linkage of several cells. Such a unique configuration is thought to be suitable for the cell-to-cell communication analysis in vivo that is the basis of the elucidation of the systemic acquired resistance in plants. Since chitinase is one of the typical stress response proteins in plants, BY-2 cells were treated with various biotic and abiotic stresses to investigate if chitinase could be induced in BY-2 cells. Among 33 stresses, the autoclaved Alternaria alternata culture medium could induce at least three chitinase isozymes. The amount of each isozyme was very small but the most abundant one, TBC-1, could be successfully isolated at the yield of 2μg from 2.4kg wet matter of BY-2 cells. The N-terminal ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Unexpected blood clot-induced acute airway obstruction in a patient with inactive pulmonary tuberculosis during lumbar spine surgery in the prone position - A case report. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Isolation and Bioactivity of Secondary Metabolites from Solid Culture of the Fungus, Alternaria sonchi. by Anna Dalinova, Leonid Chisty, Dmitry Kochura, Varvara Garnyuk, Maria Petrova, Darya Prokofieva, Anton Yurchenko, Vsevolod Dubovik, Alexander Ivanov, Sergey Smirnov, Andrey Zolotarev, Alexander Berestetskiy. Biomolecules. Read more related scholarly scientific articles and abstracts.
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Alternariosis appears on the skin as red pustules that may produce ulcers over time. Alternaria tenuissima is a prolific ... Cutaneous and subcutaneous alternariosis is a skin or tissue infection caused by members of the genus Alternaria, most commonly ... Because of the inability of A. tenuissima to invade healthy host tissue, alternariosis tends to be restricted to people with ... Cushing's syndrome and immunosuppressive therapies are some of the typical settings in which alternariosis has been reported. ...
The terms alternariosis and alternariatoxicosis are used for disorders in humans and animals caused by a fungus in this genus. ...
African histoplasmosis Alternariosis Antibiotic candidiasis (iatrogenic candidiasis) Black piedra Candidal intertrigo Candidal ...
... is an infection by Alternaria, presenting cutaneously as focal, ulcerated papules and plaques. Treatment with ... ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. Matson DR, Eudy JD, Matson SC (January 2010). "Cutaneous alternariosis in an adolescent patient". Pediatr ...
The most commonly known pathogen is Candida albicans, causing roughly 70% of fungemias, followed by Candida glabrata with 10%, Aspergillus with 1% and Saccharomyces as the fourth most common.[citation needed] However, the frequency of infection by C. glabrata, Saccharomyces boulardii, Candida tropicalis, C. krusei and C. parapsilosis is increasing, perhaps because significant use of fluconazole is common or due to increase in antibiotic use.[citation needed]. New emerging pathogen: Candida auris is an emerging multidrug-resistant (MDR) yeast that can cause invasive infections and is associated with high mortality. It was first described in 2009 after being isolated from external ear discharge of a patient in Japan. Since the 2009 report, C. auris infections, specifically fungemia, have been reported from South Korea, India, South Africa, and Kuwait. Although published reports are not available, C. auris has also been identified in Colombia, Venezuela, Pakistan, and the United Kingdom.[3]. ...
Primary infection, although poorly understood due to lack of data, is thought to occur through inhalation of the conidia through the respiratory tract, after inhaling fungal conidia produced by the mycelial form of P. brasiliensis.[10][16] This occurs predominantly in childhood and young adulthood, after exposure to agricultural activity.[9] Infection may occur through direct skin inoculation, although this is rare.[11] After inhalation into the alveoli, there is rapid multiplication of the organism in the lung tissue, sometimes spreading via the venous and lymphatic systems.[10] Approximately 2% of people develop clinical features after the initial asymptomatic infection.[11] The type of immune response determines the clinical manifestation of the infection, with children and HIV co-infected individuals most commonly developing the acute/subacute disseminated disease.[10] Most of those infected develop a Type 1 T-cell (Th1) mediated immune response, resulting in alveolitis and compact granuloma ...
... (also known as "rose gardener's disease"[1]) is a disease caused by the infection of the fungus Sporothrix schenckii.[2] This fungal disease usually affects the skin, although other rare forms can affect the lungs, joints, bones, and even the brain. Because roses can spread the disease, it is one of a few diseases referred to as rose-thorn or rose-gardeners' disease.[3] Because S. schenckii is naturally found in soil, hay, sphagnum moss, and plants, it usually affects farmers, gardeners, and agricultural workers.[2] It enters through small cuts and abrasions in the skin to cause the infection. In case of sporotrichosis affecting the lungs, the fungal spores enter through the respiratory pathways. Sporotrichosis can also be acquired from handling cats with the disease; it is an occupational hazard for veterinarians. Sporotrichosis progresses slowly - the first symptoms may appear 1 to 12 weeks (average 3 weeks) after the initial exposure to the fungus. Serious complications can ...
C. krusei grows at a maximum temperature of 43-45 °C. Although most of the medically important Candida spp. require biotin for growth and some have additional vitamin requirements, only C. krusei can grow in vitamin-free media. However, of the medically important Candida spp., C. krusei is perhaps the only species which grows on Sabouraud's dextrose agar as spreading colonies with a matte or a rough whitish yellow surface, in contrast to the convex colonies of other Candida spp. This characteristic, together with its "long grain rice" appearance on microscopy, helps the definitive identification of the species. A complex variety of fatty acids has been demonstrated as metabolites when C. krusei is grown in culture media containing lactose, it is also able to produce a number of short-chain carboxylic acids when cultured in saliva supplemented with glucose; these include acetate, pyruvate, succinate, propionate, formate and lactate. The biological role of these, if any, is as yet unknown. ...
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Toxoplasmosis is becoming a global health hazard as it infects 30-50% of the world human population. Clinically, the life-long presence of the parasite in tissues of a majority of infected individuals is usually considered asymptomatic. However, a number of studies show that this 'asymptomatic infection' may also lead to development of other human pathologies. ... The seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis correlated with various disease burden. Statistical associations does not necessarily mean causality. The precautionary principle suggests however that possible role of toxoplasmosis as a triggering factor responsible for development of several clinical entities deserves much more attention and financial support both in everyday medical practice and future clinical research ...
Alternariosis. *Amebiasis cutis. *Ant venom. *Aquarium granuloma. *Arcanobacterium haemolyticum infection. *Asymmetric ...
Candida yeasts are generally present in healthy humans, frequently part of the human body's normal oral and intestinal flora, and particularly on the skin; however, their growth is normally limited by the human immune system and by competition of other microorganisms, such as bacteria occupying the same locations in the human body.[41] Candida requires moisture for growth, notably on the skin.[42] For example, wearing wet swimwear for long periods of time is believed to be a risk factor.[43] Candida can also cause diaper rashes in babies.[35] In extreme cases, superficial infections of the skin or mucous membranes may enter the bloodstream and cause systemic Candida infections. Factors that increase the risk of candidiasis include HIV/AIDS, mononucleosis, cancer treatments, steroids, stress, antibiotic usage, diabetes, and nutrient deficiency. Hormone replacement therapy and infertility treatments may also be predisposing factors.[44] Use of inhaled corticosteroids increases risk of candidiasis ...
Rapid in office testing can be done with scraping of the nail, skin, or scalp. Characteristic hyphae can be seen interspersed among the epithelial cells. Trichophyton tonsurans, the causative agent of tinea capitis (scalp infection) can be seen as solidly packed arthrospores within the broken hairshafts scraped from the plugged black dots of the scalp.. Fungal culture medium is used for positive identification of the species. Usually fungal growth is noted in 5 to 14 days. Microscopic morphology of the micro- and macroconidia is the most reliable identification character, but a good slide preparation is needed, and also needed is the stimulation of sporulation in some strains. Culture characteristics such as surface texture, topography and pigmentation are variable so they are the least reliable criteria for identification. Clinical information such as the appearance of the lesion, site, geographic location, travel history, animal contacts and race is also important, especially in identifying ...
Recent debate has centered on whether the Basidiobolaceae should be included in the Entomophthorales, or raised to ordinal status. Molecular systematics approaches so far give an ambiguous answer. Some analyses suggest the Basdiobolaceae are more closely related to certain chytrid fungi than to the Entomophthorales.[3] Others find weak support to maintain them in the Entomophthorales.[4] Morphological characters can be found to support either hypothesis. ...
Not every hospital in the USA is required to publicize details of infectious outbreaks which occur within their facilities. In 2014, details of a lethal mucormycosis outbreak[13] which occurred in 2008 emerged after television and newspaper reports responded to an article in a pediatric medical journal.[14] Contaminated hospital linen was found to be spreading the infection. A cluster of infections occurred in the wake of the 2011 Joplin tornado. As of July 19, a total of 18 suspected cases of cutaneous mucormycosis had been identified, of which 13 were confirmed. A confirmed case was defined as 1) necrotizing soft-tissue infection requiring antifungal treatment or surgical debridement in a person injured in the tornado, 2) with illness onset on or after May 22 and 3) positive fungal culture or histopathology and genetic sequencing consistent with a Mucormycete. No additional cases related to that outbreak have been reported since June 17. Ten patients required admission to an intensive-care ...
For patients who are unresponsive to fluconazole, options are limited. Several case reports have studied the efficacy of three newer antifungal agents in the treatment of disease that is refractory to first-line therapy: posaconazole and voriconazole (triazole compounds similar in structure to fluconazole) and caspofungin (glucan synthesis inhibitor of the echinocandin structural class). However, these drugs have not been FDA approved, and clinical trials are lacking. Susceptibility testing of Coccidioides species in one report revealed uniform susceptibility to most antifungal agents, including these newer drugs. In very severe cases, combination therapy with amphotericin B and an azole have been postulated, although no trials have been conducted. Caspofungin in combination with fluconazole has been cited as beneficial in a case report of a 31-year-old Asian patient with coccidioidal pneumonia. In a case report of a 23-year-old Black male with HIV and coccidioidal meningitis, combination ...
Alternariosis · Fungal folliculitis · Fusarium (Fusariosis) · Granuloma gluteale infantum · Hyalohyphomycosis · Otomycosis · ...
Alternariosis is an infection by Alternaria, presenting cutaneously as focal, ulcerated papules and plaques. Treatment with ... ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. Matson DR, Eudy JD, Matson SC (January 2010). "Cutaneous alternariosis in an adolescent patient". Pediatr ...
Alternariosis is an infection by alternaria, presenting cutaneously as focal, ulcerated papules and plaques. Treatment with ... Alternariosis is an infection by alternaria, presenting cutaneously as focal, ulcerated papules and plaques. Treatment with ... Alternariosis is an infection by alternaria, presenting cutaneously as focal, ulcerated papules and plaques. Treatment with ... A 69-year-old female with alternariosis in her left forearm and electron micrograph of her skin showing sporangiophores of ...
... alternariosis explanation free. What is alternariosis? Meaning of alternariosis medical term. What does alternariosis mean? ... Looking for online definition of alternariosis in the Medical Dictionary? ... Cutaneous Alternariosis Role of Corticosteroids-Induced Cutaneous Fragility.. Skin bleaching and global White supremacy: by way ... Cutaneous alternariosis and its diagnosis in an inmunocompromised patient.. Dermatomicose e ceratite micotica causada por ...
... we report three cases of kidney-transplanted patients with different clinical presentations of cutaneous alternariosis and we ... Cutaneous Alternariosis Caused by Alternaria infectoria: Three Cases in Kidney Transplant Patients. Leonor Lopes 1. ... "Cutaneous Alternariosis Caused by Alternaria infectoria: Three Cases in Kidney Transplant Patients." Healthcare 1, no. 1: 100- ... Lopes L, Borges-Costa J, Soares-Almeida L, Filipe P, Neves F, Santana A, Guerra J, Kutzner H. Cutaneous Alternariosis Caused by ...
Uenotsuchi, T., Moroi, Y., Urabe, K., Fukagawa, S., Tsuji, G., Matsuda, T., & Furue, M. (2005). Cutaneous alternariosis with ... Cutaneous alternariosis with chronic granulomatous disease. In: European Journal of Dermatology. 2005 ; Vol. 15, No. 5. pp. 406 ... Uenotsuchi, T, Moroi, Y, Urabe, K, Fukagawa, S, Tsuji, G, Matsuda, T & Furue, M 2005, Cutaneous alternariosis with chronic ... title = "Cutaneous alternariosis with chronic granulomatous disease",. abstract = "We report here a case of dermal cutaneous ...
Benito, N, Moreno, A, Puig, J & Rimola, A 2001, Alternariosis after liver transplantation, Transplantation, vol. 72, no. 11, ... Benito N, Moreno A, Puig J, Rimola A. Alternariosis after liver transplantation. Transplantation. 2001 Dec 15;72(11):1840-1843 ... Benito, N., Moreno, A., Puig, J., & Rimola, A. (2001). Alternariosis after liver transplantation. Transplantation, 72(11), 1840 ... Alternariosis after liver transplantation. / Benito, Natividad; Moreno, Asunción; Puig, Jordi; Rimola, Antoni. ...
title = "A case of cutaneous alternariosis in liver transplant patient",. abstract = "A case of cutaneous alternariosis is ... Jae, Y. C., Ju, H. L., & Kwang, H. L. (2006). A case of cutaneous alternariosis in liver transplant patient. Korean Journal of ... Jae, YC, Ju, HL & Kwang, HL 2006, A case of cutaneous alternariosis in liver transplant patient, Korean Journal of Medical ... A case of cutaneous alternariosis in liver transplant patient. / Jae, Yong Chang; Ju, Hee Lee; Kwang, Hoon Lee. ...
Alternariosis is an infection by alternaria, presenting cutaneously as focal, ulcerated papules and plaques.[1]:330 ... This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article Alternariosis; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution- ... "Cutaneous alternariosis in an adolescent patient". Pediatr Dermatol 27 (1): 98-100. PMID 20199426. doi:10.1111/j.1525- ...
Cutaneous alternariosis. Case report.. Stenderup J, Bruhn M, Gadeberg C, Stenderup A. ...
Alternariosis 2.jpg 1,796 × 3,176; 2.26 MB. *. Alternariosis.jpg 3,740 × 3,286; 3.77 MB. ...
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A Case of Cutaneous Alternariosis in Liver Transplant Patient A Case of Cutaneous Alternariosis in Liver Transplant Patient / ... A case of cutaneous alternariosis is reported in a 61-year-old female who underwent liver transplantation one year earlier. The ... Agar , Alternaria , Alternariosis , Amylases , Biopsy , Chloramphenicol , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hyphae , ...
Spontaneously Healed Primary Cutaneous Alternariosis: Reports of 2 Cases Spontaneously Healed Primary Cutaneous Alternariosis: ... Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Alternariosis Language: Korean Journal: Korean Journal of ... Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Alternariosis Language: Korean Journal: Korean Journal of ...
Acral Hemorrhagic Bullae 1. Aspergillosis (J Am Acad Dermatol 1985;12:313) 2. Fusarium (J Am Acad Dermatol 1990;23:393) 3. Trichosporon (Mayo Clin Proc 1983;58:684)
Refractory Cutaneous Alternariosis Successfully Treated With Mohs Surgery and Full-Thickness Skin Grafting. Simpson, Cory L.; ...
Alternariosis. Dermatophytosis (Majocchis granuloma). Protothecosis. Amebiasis. Acne congobata/acne keloidalis. Hidradenitis ...
A Case of Cutaneous Alternariosis YATSUZUKA Kazuki, SHIRAISHI Ken, UTSUNOMIYA Ryo, TOHYAMA Mikiko, YARITA Kyouko, KAMEI ...
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Alternariosis (diagnosis, drug therapy) *Antifungal Agents (therapeutic use) *Fluconazole (therapeutic use) *Humans ...
Alternariosis appears on the skin as red pustules that may produce ulcers over time. Alternaria tenuissima is a prolific ... Cutaneous and subcutaneous alternariosis is a skin or tissue infection caused by members of the genus Alternaria, most commonly ... Because of the inability of A. tenuissima to invade healthy host tissue, alternariosis tends to be restricted to people with ... Cushings syndrome and immunosuppressive therapies are some of the typical settings in which alternariosis has been reported. ...
The onset of cutaneous alternariosis led to a steroid dose reduction and cyclosporine replacement by tacrolimus. Clear-cut ...
Alternariosis / complications * Alternariosis / immunology* * Animals * Antigens, Fungal / immunology * Antigens, Plant / ...
Cutaneous alternariosis Clinical diagnosis and therapeutic options. [German] Hautarzt. 2004;55(12):1137-1142 ...
Most reported cases of alternariosis have occurred in patients with immunodeficiency. The majority of cases were... ...
Cutaneous alternariosis due to Alternaria chlamydospora after bone marrow transplantation. Acta Derm Venereol 79:244.. ...
Gilaberte M, Batralot R, Torres JM et al (2005) Cutaneous alternariosis in transplant recipients: clinicopathologic review of 9 ...
... as dermato-mycotoxicosis professionalis or alternariosis. Criteria for classifying a case of mycosis as occupational disease ...
Multifocal cutaneous alternariosis in a 70-year-old Kenyan renal transplant patient. Dermatol Online J. 2014 Jul; 20(7). ...
Alternariosis after liver transplantation. Transplantation 2001 72(11):1840-43.. [Google Scholar]. [5]. Rossmann. SN. , Cernoch ...
Alternariosis, Candidid, Tinea Circinata, Barbers Itch, Perlèche, Valley Fever, Reticuloendotheliosis, Darlings Disease, Cave ...
  • Cutaneous Alternariosis Role of Corticosteroids-Induced Cutaneous Fragility. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cutaneous alternariosis and its diagnosis in an inmunocompromised patient. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cutaneous alternariosis in a liver transplant recipient. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Herein, we report three cases of kidney-transplanted patients with different clinical presentations of cutaneous alternariosis and we discuss the treatment options. (mdpi.com)
  • We report here a case of dermal cutaneous alternariosis in a 69-year-old man with X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). (elsevier.com)
  • However, there are some reports of cutaneous alternariosis in immunocompromised patients. (elsevier.com)
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case of cutaneous alternariosis in CGD and the response to fluconazole, a drug not usually used for this mycosis. (elsevier.com)
  • A case of cutaneous alternariosis is reported in a 61-year-old female who underwent liver transplantation one year earlier. (elsevier.com)
  • The onset of cutaneous alternariosis led to a steroid dose reduction and cyclosporine replacement by tacrolimus. (nih.gov)
  • Multifocal cutaneous alternariosis in a 70-year-old Kenyan renal transplant patient. (umassmed.edu)
  • Cutaneous alternariosis by alternaria chlamydospora in a patient with bone marrow transplantation. (drvalks.com)
  • Calabrò G, Nino M, Gallo L, Scalvenzi M (2008) Cutaneous alternariosis in a kidney transplantation recipient: report of a case. (edu.pl)
  • a kidney disease usually caused by streptococcal nephritogenic strains and may present with sudden onset of gross hematuria, hypertension, edema and, occasionally, acute renal [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Twenty-seven other cases of cutaneous alternariosis have been described so far in renal transplant recipients. (symptoma.com)
  • We present a case of a liver transplant patient with cutaneous alternariosis and no response to amphotericin B lipid or surgical debridement of the lesions. (atorvastatin2020.site)
  • Fungal and yeast infections (including cases of fulminant fungal pericarditis, mucormycosis, Aspergillus fumigatus infection, and cutaneous alternariosis) can be precipitated or aggravated by glucocorticoid treatment (SEDA-17, 449) (SEDA-18, 390) (SEDA-20, 377) (SEDA-21, 418) (SEDA-22, 449) (283-286). (drugtimes.org)
  • syndrome (AIDS) and typical scabies subsequently devel- The infant's post From the Departments of Dermatology (Drs Jucowics and Don) Cutaneous alternariosis in association with Department of Dermatology, Cases 2 and 3 had iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome. (hiddenmarshdistillery.com)
  • Alternariosis is an infection by alternaria, presenting cutaneously as focal, ulcerated papules and plaques. (dbpedia.org)
  • Cutaneous and subcutaneous alternariosis is a skin or tissue infection caused by members of the genus Alternaria, most commonly A. alternata and A. tenuissima. (wikipedia.org)
  • Occurrence of AM-toxin an ACT-toxin producing Alternaria Alternata in North America : The pathogen for new alternariosis on Delicious lines in North Carolina apple orchards was found to produce AM-toxin I by bioassay and HPLC analysis, and to fall into the apple pathotype of Alternaria alternate. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Besides infection, fungi may also cause non-invasive forms of skin disease, as dermato-mycotoxicosis professionalis or alternariosis. (aaem.pl)
  • Only four cases of alternariosis after orthotopic liver transplantation have been reported. (uab.cat)
  • Many human health disorders - related to alternariosis and alternariatoxicosis - can be caused by these fungi, although serious infections are rare. (aurametrix.com)
  • Most reported cases of alternariosis have occurred in patients with immunodeficiency. (koreamed.org)
  • Alternariosis appears on the skin as red pustules that may produce ulcers over time. (wikipedia.org)