Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errorsalpha-Mannosidosis: An inborn error of metabolism marked by a defect in the lysosomal isoform of ALPHA-MANNOSIDASE activity that results in lysosomal accumulation of mannose-rich intermediate metabolites. Virtually all patients have psychomotor retardation, facial coarsening, and some degree of dysostosis multiplex. It is thought to be an autosomal recessive disorder.Mannosidases: Glycoside hydrolases that catalyze the hydrolysis of alpha or beta linked MANNOSE.DisaccharidasesMannose: A hexose or fermentable monosaccharide and isomer of glucose from manna, the ash Fraxinus ornus and related plants. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)alpha-Mannosidase: An enzyme that catalyzes the HYDROLYSIS of terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-mannose residues in alpha-D-mannosides. The enzyme plays a role in the processing of newly formed N-glycans and in degradation of mature GLYCOPROTEINS. There are multiple isoforms of alpha-mannosidase, each having its own specific cellular location and pH optimum. Defects in the lysosomal form of the enzyme results in a buildup of mannoside intermediate metabolites and the disease ALPHA-MANNOSIDOSIS.Swainsonine: An indolizidine alkaloid from the plant Swainsona canescens that is a potent alpha-mannosidase inhibitor. Swainsonine also exhibits antimetastatic, antiproliferative, and immunomodulatory activity.Cat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Oligosaccharides: Carbohydrates consisting of between two (DISACCHARIDES) and ten MONOSACCHARIDES connected by either an alpha- or beta-glycosidic link. They are found throughout nature in both the free and bound form.Lysosomes: A class of morphologically heterogeneous cytoplasmic particles in animal and plant tissues characterized by their content of hydrolytic enzymes and the structure-linked latency of these enzymes. The intracellular functions of lysosomes depend on their lytic potential. The single unit membrane of the lysosome acts as a barrier between the enzymes enclosed in the lysosome and the external substrate. The activity of the enzymes contained in lysosomes is limited or nil unless the vesicle in which they are enclosed is ruptured. Such rupture is supposed to be under metabolic (hormonal) control. (From Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)Cobalt: A trace element that is a component of vitamin B12. It has the atomic symbol Co, atomic number 27, and atomic weight 58.93. It is used in nuclear weapons, alloys, and pigments. Deficiency in animals leads to anemia; its excess in humans can lead to erythrocytosis.Chromatography, Thin Layer: Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Edetic Acid: A chelating agent that sequesters a variety of polyvalent cations such as CALCIUM. It is used in pharmaceutical manufacturing and as a food additive.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Isoelectric Focusing: Electrophoresis in which a pH gradient is established in a gel medium and proteins migrate until they reach the site (or focus) at which the pH is equal to their isoelectric point.alpha 1-Antitrypsin: Plasma glycoprotein member of the serpin superfamily which inhibits TRYPSIN; NEUTROPHIL ELASTASE; and other PROTEOLYTIC ENZYMES.Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha: One of the two major pharmacological subdivisions of adrenergic receptors that were originally defined by the relative potencies of various adrenergic compounds. The alpha receptors were initially described as excitatory receptors that post-junctionally stimulate SMOOTH MUSCLE contraction. However, further analysis has revealed a more complex picture involving several alpha receptor subtypes and their involvement in feedback regulation.Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1, alpha subunit is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that is regulated by OXYGEN availability and is targeted for degradation by VHL TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEIN.alpha7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor: A member of the NICOTINIC ACETYLCHOLINE RECEPTOR subfamily of the LIGAND-GATED ION CHANNEL family. It consists entirely of pentameric a7 subunits expressed in the CNS, autonomic nervous system, vascular system, lymphocytes and spleen.Integrin alpha3beta1: Cell surface receptor for LAMININ, epiligrin, FIBRONECTINS, entactin, and COLLAGEN. Integrin alpha3beta1 is the major integrin present in EPITHELIAL CELLS, where it plays a role in the assembly of BASEMENT MEMBRANE as well as in cell migration, and may regulate the functions of other integrins. Two alternatively spliced isoforms of the alpha subunit (INTEGRIN ALPHA3), are differentially expressed in different cell types.Integrin alpha4: An integrin alpha subunit that is unique in that it does not contain an I domain, and its proteolytic cleavage site is near the middle of the extracellular portion of the polypeptide rather than close to the membrane as in other integrin alpha subunits.Integrin alpha6: An integrin alpha subunit that primarily associates with INTEGRIN BETA1 or INTEGRIN BETA4 to form laminin-binding heterodimers. Integrin alpha6 has two alternatively spliced isoforms: integrin alpha6A and integrin alpha6B, which differ in their cytoplasmic domains and are regulated in a tissue-specific and developmental stage-specific manner.Integrin alpha5beta1: An integrin found in FIBROBLASTS; PLATELETS; MONOCYTES, and LYMPHOCYTES. Integrin alpha5beta1 is the classical receptor for FIBRONECTIN, but it also functions as a receptor for LAMININ and several other EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX PROTEINS.Integrin alpha4beta1: Integrin alpha4beta1 is a FIBRONECTIN and VCAM-1 receptor present on LYMPHOCYTES; MONOCYTES; EOSINOPHILS; NK CELLS and thymocytes. It is involved in both cell-cell and cell- EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX adhesion and plays a role in INFLAMMATION, hematopoietic cell homing and immune function, and has been implicated in skeletal MYOGENESIS; NEURAL CREST migration and proliferation, lymphocyte maturation and morphogenesis of the PLACENTA and HEART.Interleukin-1alpha: An interleukin-1 subtype that occurs as a membrane-bound pro-protein form that is cleaved by proteases to form a secreted mature form. Unlike INTERLEUKIN-1BETA both membrane-bound and secreted forms of interleukin-1alpha are biologically active.Integrin alpha2beta1: An integrin found on fibroblasts, platelets, endothelial and epithelial cells, and lymphocytes where it functions as a receptor for COLLAGEN and LAMININ. Although originally referred to as the collagen receptor, it is one of several receptors for collagen. Ligand binding to integrin alpha2beta1 triggers a cascade of intracellular signaling, including activation of p38 MAP kinase.Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-1: A subclass of alpha-adrenergic receptors that mediate contraction of SMOOTH MUSCLE in a variety of tissues such as ARTERIOLES; VEINS; and the UTERUS. They are usually found on postsynaptic membranes and signal through GQ-G11 G-PROTEINS.Integrin alpha5: This integrin alpha subunit combines with INTEGRIN BETA1 to form a receptor (INTEGRIN ALPHA5BETA1) that binds FIBRONECTIN and LAMININ. It undergoes posttranslational cleavage into a heavy and a light chain that are connected by disulfide bonds.Integrin alpha1beta1: Integrin alpha1beta1 functions as a receptor for LAMININ and COLLAGEN. It is widely expressed during development, but in the adult is the predominant laminin receptor (RECEPTORS, LAMININ) in mature SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, where it is important for maintenance of the differentiated phenotype of these cells. Integrin alpha1beta1 is also found in LYMPHOCYTES and microvascular endothelial cells, and may play a role in angiogenesis. In SCHWANN CELLS and neural crest cells, it is involved in cell migration. Integrin alpha1beta1 is also known as VLA-1 and CD49a-CD29.Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-2: A subclass of alpha-adrenergic receptors found on both presynaptic and postsynaptic membranes where they signal through Gi-Go G-PROTEINS. While postsynaptic alpha-2 receptors play a traditional role in mediating the effects of ADRENERGIC AGONISTS, the subset of alpha-2 receptors found on presynaptic membranes signal the feedback inhibition of NEUROTRANSMITTER release.Integrin alpha6beta1: A cell surface receptor mediating cell adhesion to the EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX and to other cells via binding to LAMININ. It is involved in cell migration, embryonic development, leukocyte activation and tumor cell invasiveness. Integrin alpha6beta1 is the major laminin receptor on PLATELETS; LEUKOCYTES; and many EPITHELIAL CELLS, and ligand binding may activate a number of signal transduction pathways. Alternative splicing of the cytoplasmic domain of the alpha6 subunit (INTEGRIN ALPHA6) results in the formation of A and B isoforms of the heterodimer, which are expressed in a tissue-specific manner.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Integrin alpha6beta4: This intrgrin is a key component of HEMIDESMOSOMES and is required for their formation and maintenance in epithelial cells. Integrin alpha6beta4 is also found on thymocytes, fibroblasts, and Schwann cells, where it functions as a laminin receptor (RECEPTORS, LAMININ) and is involved in wound healing, cell migration, and tumor invasiveness.Integrin alpha Chains: The alpha subunits of integrin heterodimers (INTEGRINS), which mediate ligand specificity. There are approximately 18 different alpha chains, exhibiting great sequence diversity; several chains are also spliced into alternative isoforms. They possess a long extracellular portion (1200 amino acids) containing a MIDAS (metal ion-dependent adhesion site) motif, and seven 60-amino acid tandem repeats, the last 4 of which form EF HAND MOTIFS. The intracellular portion is short with the exception of INTEGRIN ALPHA4.Integrins: A family of transmembrane glycoproteins (MEMBRANE GLYCOPROTEINS) consisting of noncovalent heterodimers. They interact with a wide variety of ligands including EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX PROTEINS; COMPLEMENT, and other cells, while their intracellular domains interact with the CYTOSKELETON. The integrins consist of at least three identified families: the cytoadhesin receptors(RECEPTORS, CYTOADHESIN), the leukocyte adhesion receptors (RECEPTORS, LEUKOCYTE ADHESION), and the VERY LATE ANTIGEN RECEPTORS. Each family contains a common beta-subunit (INTEGRIN BETA CHAINS) combined with one or more distinct alpha-subunits (INTEGRIN ALPHA CHAINS). These receptors participate in cell-matrix and cell-cell adhesion in many physiologically important processes, including embryological development; HEMOSTASIS; THROMBOSIS; WOUND HEALING; immune and nonimmune defense mechanisms; and oncogenic transformation.Integrin alpha1: An integrin alpha subunit that binds COLLAGEN and LAMININ though its I domain. It combines with INTEGRIN BETA1 to form the heterodimer INTEGRIN ALPHA1BETA1.Alpha Rhythm: Brain waves characterized by a relatively high voltage or amplitude and a frequency of 8-13 Hz. They constitute the majority of waves recorded by EEG registering the activity of the parietal and occipital lobes when the individual is awake, but relaxed with the eyes closed.Integrin alpha3: An integrin alpha subunit that occurs as alternatively spliced isoforms. The isoforms are differentially expressed in specific cell types and at specific developmental stages. Integrin alpha3 combines with INTEGRIN BETA1 to form INTEGRIN ALPHA3BETA1 which is a heterodimer found primarily in epithelial cells.alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency: Deficiency of the protease inhibitor ALPHA 1-ANTITRYPSIN that manifests primarily as PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA and LIVER CIRRHOSIS.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Receptors, Nicotinic: One of the two major classes of cholinergic receptors. Nicotinic receptors were originally distinguished by their preference for NICOTINE over MUSCARINE. They are generally divided into muscle-type and neuronal-type (previously ganglionic) based on pharmacology, and subunit composition of the receptors.Adrenergic alpha-Agonists: Drugs that selectively bind to and activate alpha adrenergic receptors.PPAR alpha: A nuclear transcription factor. Heterodimerization with RETINOID X RECEPTOR GAMMA is important to metabolism of LIPIDS. It is the target of FIBRATES to control HYPERLIPIDEMIAS.Dinoprost: A naturally occurring prostaglandin that has oxytocic, luteolytic, and abortifacient activities. Due to its vasocontractile properties, the compound has a variety of other biological actions.Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate alpha-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of endogenous or exogenous adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic alpha-antagonists are used in the treatment of hypertension, vasospasm, peripheral vascular disease, shock, and pheochromocytoma.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha: Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1-alpha is a transcription factor found in the LIVER; PANCREAS; and KIDNEY that regulates HOMEOSTASIS of GLUCOSE.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Transfection: The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.alpha 1-Antichymotrypsin: Glycoprotein found in alpha(1)-globulin region in human serum. It inhibits chymotrypsin-like proteinases in vivo and has cytotoxic killer-cell activity in vitro. The protein also has a role as an acute-phase protein and is active in the control of immunologic and inflammatory processes, and as a tumor marker. It is a member of the serpin superfamily.Transforming Growth Factor alpha: An EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR related protein that is found in a variety of tissues including EPITHELIUM, and maternal DECIDUA. It is synthesized as a transmembrane protein which can be cleaved to release a soluble active form which binds to the EGF RECEPTOR.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Adrenergic alpha-1 Receptor Antagonists: Drugs that bind to and block the activation of ADRENERGIC ALPHA-1 RECEPTORS.alpha Karyopherins: Nucleocytoplasmic transport molecules that bind to the NUCLEAR LOCALIZATION SIGNALS of cytoplasmic molecules destined to be imported into the CELL NUCLEUS. Once attached to their cargo they bind to BETA KARYOPHERINS and are transported through the NUCLEAR PORE COMPLEX. Inside the CELL NUCLEUS alpha karyopherins dissociate from beta karypherins and their cargo. They then form a complex with CELLULAR APOPTOSIS SUSCEPTIBILITY PROTEIN and RAN GTP-BINDING PROTEIN which is exported to the CYTOPLASM.Macromolecular Substances: Compounds and molecular complexes that consist of very large numbers of atoms and are generally over 500 kDa in size. In biological systems macromolecular substances usually can be visualized using ELECTRON MICROSCOPY and are distinguished from ORGANELLES by the lack of a membrane structure.Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha: Serum glycoprotein produced by activated MACROPHAGES and other mammalian MONONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES. It has necrotizing activity against tumor cell lines and increases ability to reject tumor transplants. Also known as TNF-alpha, it is only 30% homologous to TNF-beta (LYMPHOTOXIN), but they share TNF RECEPTORS.Prazosin: A selective adrenergic alpha-1 antagonist used in the treatment of HEART FAILURE; HYPERTENSION; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; RAYNAUD DISEASE; PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY; and URINARY RETENTION.

Targeted disruption of the lysosomal alpha-mannosidase gene results in mice resembling a mild form of human alpha-mannosidosis. (1/56)

Alpha-mannosidosis is a lysosomal storage disease with autosomal recessive inheritance caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal alpha-mannosidase, which is involved in the degradation of asparagine-linked carbohydrate cores of glycoproteins. An alpha-mannosidosis mouse model was generated by targeted disruption of the gene for lysosomal alpha-mannosidase. Homozygous mutant animals exhibit alpha-mannosidase enzyme deficiency and elevated urinary secretion of mannose-containing oligosaccharides. Thin-layer chromatography revealed an accumulation of oligosaccharides in liver, kidney, spleen, testis and brain. The cellular alterations were characterized by multiple membrane-limited cytoplasmic vacuoles as seen for instance in liver, exocrine pancreas, kidney, thyroid gland, smooth muscle cells, osteocytes and in various neurons of the central and peripheral nervous systems. The morphological lesions and their topographical distribution, as well as the biochemical alterations, closely resemble those reported for human alpha-mannosidosis. This mouse model will be a valuable tool for studying the pathogenesis of inherited alpha-mannosidosis and may help to evaluate therapeutic approaches for lysosomal storage diseases.  (+info)

Glycoprotein lysosomal storage disorders: alpha- and beta-mannosidosis, fucosidosis and alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase deficiency. (2/56)

Glycoproteinoses belong to the lysosomal storage disorders group. The common feature of these diseases is the deficiency of a lysosomal protein that is part of glycan catabolism. Most of the lysosomal enzymes involved in the hydrolysis of glycoprotein carbohydrate chains are exo-glycosidases, which stepwise remove terminal monosaccharides. Thus, the deficiency of a single enzyme causes the blockage of the entire pathway and induces a storage of incompletely degraded substances inside the lysosome. Different mutations may be observed in a single disease and in all cases account for the nonexpression of lysosomal glycosidase activity. Different clinical phenotypes generally characterize a specific disorder, which rather must be described as a continuum in severity, suggesting that other biochemical or environmental factors influence the course of the disease. This review provides details on clinical features, genotype-phenotype correlations, enzymology and biochemical storage of four human glycoprotein lysosomal storage disorders, respectively alpha- and beta-mannosidosis, fucosidosis and alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase deficiency. Moreover, several animal disorders of glycoprotein metabolism have been found and constitute valuable models for the understanding of their human counterparts.  (+info)

Lysosomal storage disease caused by Sida carpinifolia poisoning in goats. (3/56)

A neurologic disease characterized by ataxia, hypermetria, hyperesthesia, and muscle tremors of the head and neck was observed for 2 years in a flock of 28 Anglo-Nubian and Saanen goats on a farm with 5 ha of pasture. Six newborns died during the first week of life, and five abortions were recorded. The predominant plant in the pasture was Sida carpinifolia. The disease was reproduced experimentally in two goats by administration of this plant. Three goats with spontaneous disease and the two experimental animals were euthanatized and necropsied. No significant gross lesions were observed. Fragments of several organs, including the central nervous system, were processed for histopathology. Small fragments of the cerebellar cortex, liver, and pancreas of two spontaneously poisoned goats and two experimentally poisoned goats were processed for electron microscopy. Multiple cytoplasm vacuoles in hepatocytes, acinar pancreatic cells, and neurons, especially Purkinje cells, were the most striking microscopic lesions in the five animals. Ultrastructural changes included membrane-bound vacuoles in hepatocytes, Kupffer cells, acinar pancreatic cells, Purkinje cells, and the small neurons of the granular cell layer of the cerebellum. Paraffin-embedded sections of the cerebellum and pancreas were submitted for lectin histochemical analysis. The vacuoles in different cerebellar and acinar pancreatic cells reacted strongly to the following lectins: Concanavalia ensiformis, Triticum vulgaris, and succinylated Triticum vulgaris. The pattern of staining, analyzed in Purkinje cells and acinar pancreatic cells coincides with results reported for both swainsonine toxicosis and inherited mannosidosis.  (+info)

Recent progress in lysosomal alpha-mannosidase and its deficiency. (4/56)

Lysosomal alpha-mannosidase (EC 3.2.1.24) is a major exoglycosidase in the glycoprotein degradation pathway. A deficiency of this enzyme causes the lysosomal storage disease, alpha-mannosidosis, which has been described in humans, cattle, domestic cats and guinea pigs. Recently, great progress has been made in studying the enzyme and its deficiency. This includes cloning of the gene encoding the enzyme, characterization of mutations related to the disease, establishment of valuable animal models, and encouraging results from bone marrow transplantation experiments.  (+info)

alpha-Mannosidosis in the guinea pig: cloning of the lysosomal alpha-mannosidase cDNA and identification of a missense mutation causing alpha-mannosidosis. (5/56)

alpha-Mannosidosis is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficient activity of the lysosomal alpha-mannosidase. We report here the sequencing and expression of the lysosomal alpha-mannosidase cDNA from normal and alpha-mannosidosis guinea pigs. The amino acid sequence of the guinea pig enzyme displayed 82-85% identity to the lysosomal alpha-mannosidase in other mammals. The cDNA of the alpha-mannosidosis guinea pig contained a missense mutation, 679C>T, leading to substitution of arginine by tryptophan at amino acid position 227 (R227W). The R227W allele segregated with the alpha-mannosidosis genotype in the guinea pig colony and introduction of R227W into the wild-type sequence eliminated the production of recombinant alpha-mannosidase activity in heterologous expression studies. Furthermore, the guinea pig mutation has been found in human patients. Our results strongly indicate that the 679C>T mutation causes alpha-mannosidosis and suggest that the guinea pig will be an excellent model for investigation of pathogenesis and evaluation of therapeutic strategies for human alpha-mannosidosis.  (+info)

Alpha-mannosidosis and mutational analysis in a Turkish patient. (6/56)

We present a case of alpha-mannosidosis with its mutational analysis. She was referred to our hospital with the provisional diagnosis of mucolipidosis. She was the first child of second-degree relative parents. She had a coarse face with flat and wide nasal bridge, hepatosplenomegaly, umbilical hernia, lumbar gibbus, motor and mental retardation and deafness. On peripheral blood smear, lymphocytes revealed vacuoles and neutrophils contained some granules resembling Reilly bodies seen in mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS). Based on these findings, the diagnosis of alpha-mannosidosis was suspected. Her urine oligosaccharide chromatography showed an abnormal pattern with a heavy trisaccharide band. Enzyme studies on white cells confirmed a deficiency of alpha-mannosidase activity, which was 2.6 micromol/g/hr. Her DNA analysis showed a S453Y mutation.  (+info)

Bovine plasma beta-mannosidase activity and its potential use for beta-mannosidosis carrier detection. (7/56)

Plasma beta-mannosidase activities were determined for Salers cattle from 8 herds as an evaluation of this method for detection of beta-mannosidosis heterozygotes. Several biological factors, such as age, gender, herd, and risk of being a beta-mannosidosis carrier, were considered in this study. The mean enzyme activity for obligate heterozygotes (n = 8) was 55 U/ml (range = 43-65 U/ml), which was 59% of the mean enzyme activity for cattle that were low risk for being a carrier. These data indicate that bovine beta-mannosidosis is characterized by a gene dosage effect. The analytical and biological variation of plasma beta-mannosidase activity that was observed necessitates limiting the test to adult fullblood/purebred Salers cattle within a herd. Plasma beta-mannosidase analysis provides important information for intraherd selection of Salers cattle that are heterozygous for beta-mannosidosis.  (+info)

Intracellular transport of human lysosomal alpha-mannosidase and alpha-mannosidosis-related mutants. (8/56)

Human LAMAN (lysosomal a-mannosidase) was synthesized as a 120 kDa precursor in transfected COS cells [African-green-monkey kidney cells], which was partly secreted as a single-chain form and partly sorted to the lysosomes being subsequently cleaved into three peptides of 70, 40 and 15 kDa respectively. Both the secreted and the lysosomal forms contained endo H (endoglucosidase H)-resistant glycans, suggesting a common pathway through the trans-Golgi network. A fraction of LAMAN was retained intracellularly as a single-chain endo H-sensitive form, probably in the ER (endoplasmic reticulum). The inherited lack of LAMAN causes the autosomal recessive storage disease a-mannosidosis. To understand the biochemical consequences of the disease-causing mutations, 11 missense mutations and two in-frame deletions were introduced into human LAMAN cDNA by in vitro mutagenesis and the resulting proteins were expressed in COS cells. Some selected mutants were also expressed in Chinese-hamster ovary cells. T355P (Thr355Pro), P356R, W714R, R750W and L809P LAMANs as well as both deletion mutants were misfolded and arrested in the ER as inactive single-chain forms. Six of the mutants were transported to the lysosomes, either with less than 5% of normal specific activity (H72L, D196E/N and R220H LAMANs) or with more than 30% of normal specific activity (E402K LAMAN). F320L LAMAN resulted in much lower activity in Chinese-hamster ovary cells when compared with COS cells. Modelling into the three-dimensional structure revealed that the mutants with highly reduced specific activities contained substitutions of amino acids involved in the catalysis, either co-ordinating Zn2+ (His72 and Asp196), stabilizing the active-site nucleophile (Arg220) or positioning the active-site residue Asp319 (Phe320).  (+info)

Alpha Mannosidosis is a progressive disorder, and its presence should be suspected in patients with cognitive disabilities, skeletal changes (e.g. swollen joints, curved spine), hearing loss and recurrent infections. Although children with the condition are often born seemingly normal, their condition deteriorates with age. Alpha-mannosidosis can impact on a patients quality of life in many ways, including their ability to live independently, socialise or find employment.[2][7] Generally, phenotypes of alpha-mannosidosis patients are not clearly distinguishable, which makes a prediction of the clinical course for an individual patient challenging.[2] Patients may present to doctors, nurses or health visitors at different stages of progression, and with different ad hoc symptoms, making the link to suspect a diagnosis of alpha-mannosidosis difficult.[2] The main symptoms can also be shared with those of other lysosomal storage disorders, such as mucopolysaccharidosis.[2] Given the progressive ...
[39 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Alpha-Mannosidosis Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2016 report by GlobalData. GlobalDatas clinical trial report,
The sequence variant c.1010G,A (dbSNP rs1133330) in exon 7 changes argnine in amino acid position 337 with glutamine (p.Arg337Gln). It has a minor allele frequency of 0.26-0.41 in different populations, and is considered a common, benign SNP. Amino acid residue 337 is located on the surface of the MAN2B1 protein, and studies in transfected cells show that p.Gln337 is active and processed correctly. ...
The sequence variant c.2802dupC in exon 22 changes the reading frame, and is, if expressed, expected to result in a non-functional protein (p.Val935ArgfsX120 ...
The oligosaccharidoses (glycoproteinoses) are a subset of lysosomal storage disorders caused by the deficiency of any one of the lysosomal enzymes involved in the degradation of complex oligosaccharide chains. They are characterized by the abnormal accumulation of incompletely degraded oligosaccharides in cells and tissues and the corresponding increase of related free oligosaccharides in the urine. Clinical diagnosis is difficult due to the similarity of clinical features across disorders and their variability. Clinical features can include bone abnormalities, coarse facial features, corneal cloudiness, organomegaly, muscle weakness, hypotonia, developmental delay, and ataxia. Age of onset ranges from early infancy to adult and can even present prenatally. This is the recommended test for the initial workup of a suspected oligosaccharidosis disorder.. The oligosaccharidosis in this subset of lysosomal storage disorders and detected by this assay are alpha-mannosidosis, beta-mannosidosis, ...
The animals involved in the study are born with a genetic disorder directly analogous to alpha-mannosidosis or AMD, an inherited disease in humans that causes severe mental retardation and skeletal abnormalities. Cats with AMD do not live more than six months. Children born with the worst form of the disease rarely survive into their teens. "Through gene therapy, we replace a broken gene responsible for alpha-mannosidase with the correct, functioning copy, to dramatic results," said John H. Wolfe, a professor of pathology and medical genetics at the Penn School of Veterinary Medicine and a neurology researcher at Children s Hospital. "The treated cats were markedly improved compared to diseased cats, with better balance and muscle control and fewer tremors ...
The Salers (French: race de Salers or La Salers; plural: Les Salers) is a breed of cattle which originated in Cantal in the Massif Central of France. They are a large breed, with the female weighing between 700 and 750 kg (1,543 to 1,653 lb) and standing 1.40 metres (4.6 feet) tall. They have a thick mahogany red or black coat, and long, lyre-shaped, light-coloured horns. A small percentage are naturally born without horns (polled). In the 19th century, the breeder Ernest Tyssandier dEscous set about to better the breed by selective breeding. Originally bred for work, this dual purpose cow was especially appreciated for its ability to withstand extreme variations in temperature, its fertility, its ease of breeding, its milk (even if the presence of the calf was required in order to milk it) and its meat. In Cantal, the farmers practise mountain pasture, with the herd passing summer at altitude in the mountains. A female can produce almost 3,000 kg (6,614 lb) of fat-rich milk each year of her ...
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Maybe .. . . you should dream what you want to dream; go where you want to go, be what you want to be, because you have only one life and one chance to do all the things you dream of, and want to do. "Life is only travelled ONCE; Todays MOMENT becomes Tomorrows MEMORY. Enjoy every moment, good or bad, because the GIFT of LIFE is LIFE itself…." ...
Teringat dulu saya hampir terlupa tentang ini..bukan tidak tahu tapi jarang diamalkan oleh masyarakat Malaysia termasuklah saya..jadi sebelum makan ubat baca bismillah dan doa. Saya tersedar ketika menghadiri satu kuliah agama di mana ustaz tu mengingatkan kembali pergantungan kita kepada Allah. Ustaz kata bagusnya kalau pergi di mana sahaja semua mengingatkan kita kepada Allah, seperti kos farmasi ketika nak bagi ubat kat pesakit, perlu cakap Allah yang menyembuhkan,ubat ini sebagai usaha kita, kos kejuteraan contohnya kejuteraan mekanikal..mesin dicipta mendapat perhatian seluruh dunia bagi memudahkan pekerjaan manusia seharian tetapi pencipta mesin iaitu jurutera itu berkata pada wartawan atau pada seluruh ummat bahawa mesin yang dicipta tak dapat menandingi kehebatan Allah dan bidang kejuruteraan kimia membuktikan zarah-zarah di udara bergerak membentuk kalimah Allah, begitu juga air yang bila mana dibaca kalimah yang baik seperti kalimah Allah terhasillah rupa bentuk zarah air yang indah ...
Meletakkan hukum syariat yang berlaku bagi semua manusia dalam bidang ibadah, muamalah dan segenap urusan mereka, memutuskan persengketaan dan perseteruan di antara mereka adalah hak mutlak Allah Taala sebagai pencipta manusia. Allah Taala berfirman, "Ingatlah, menciptakan dan memerintah hanyalah hak Allah." (Al-Araf: 59).. Sebagai pencipta, secara otomatis Allah mengetahui ciptaanNya, Allah mengetahui manusia sebagai hambaNya, apa yang baik dan apa yang buruk bagi mereka, sehingga Dia meletakkan tatanan dan aturan sebagai konsekuensi dari rububiyahNya dan manusia patut menerima tatanan dan aturan tersebut sebagai tuntutan dari penghambaan dan demi kemaslahatan mereka sendiri.. "Tentang sesuatu apapun kamu berselisih, maka putusannya (terserah) kepada Allah. Itulah Allah Tuhanku, kepadaNya lah aku bertawakkal dan kepadaNyalah aku kembali." (Asy-Syura: 10).. Karena hak menetapkan syariat hanya di tangan Allah, maka tidak pantas bagi siapa pun untuk mengakui hak tersebut, baik dengan ...
Lokasi Pemutaran & Waktu: OMAH APIK, Pejeng Senin/Mon 12 Oktober 2015, jam 20:00 - 21:00 WITA SIKUNO, Denpasar Sabtu/Sat 17 Oktober 2015, jam 19:45 - 20:45 WITA Kurator: Oggs Cruz Durasi ...
Jakarta - Humas BKN, Kepala Badan Kepegawaian Negara (BKN) Bima Haria Wibisana sesaat setelah memonitor langsung proses pendaftaran penerimaan Calon Pegawai Negeri Sipil (CPNS), mengimbau kepada masyarakat agar pendaftaran dapat dilakukan hanya melalui portal https://sscn.bkn.go.id/. Hal itu dikarenakan, pasca dibukanya pendaftaran penerimaan CPNS pada Senin, (1/8/2017), pukul 10.00 WIB, masih banyak masyarakat yang mengakses laman www.bkn.go.id, sehingga berakibat pada performa laman tersebut yang menurun ...
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5. Saya tidak akan bertanggungjawab di atas barang yang rosak atau hilang ketika proses pengeposan.. 6. ChocoBeau mempunyai hak untuk menukar tarikh pesanan, awal atau lewat. Juga, saya memegang hak untuk membuat perubahan dasar laman web dan T & C pada setiap masa.. 7. PENTING!! Item ready stok bermaksud item sedia ada. Manakala, PREORDER bermaksud perlu membuat tempahan dahulu dari kilang. Item pre-order mengambil masa lebih kurang 3 ke 4 minggu untuk sampai.Sekiranya anda mempunyai tahap kesabaran yang rendah, tidak digalakkan untuk membuat pesanan dari PRE-ORDER item.. 8. Pembayaran harus dilakukan ke akaun MAYBANK dan CIMB. Tiada COD dibenarkan, kecuali anda mengambil pesanan anda di rumah.. 9. Pesanan akan dipos sekirannya anda selesai membuat pembayaran. 10. Kami mempunyai 1 hari return policy dengan bersyarat, iaitu item yang anda order rosak atau koyak bukan disebabkan oleh kecuaian anda.Sebelum memulangkan item tersebut, sila menghubungi kami untuk mengesahkan status item anda. ...
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Ini laman tidak formal untuk mendekatkan pelajar-pelajar MRSM Kuantan serta bekas-bekas pelajar dengan institusi pendidikan yang menjadi perkebunan ilmu mereka sepanjang pengajian mereka di sini. ...
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ISSN: 2302-8254 Laman Web: http://jfa.ffarmasi.unand.ac.id/ Email: Alamat email ini dilindungi dari robot spam. Anda memerlukan Javascript yang aktif...
This urinary oligosaccharide and glycan screening is using MALDI-TOF/TOF technology, which provides a better sensitivity and specificity than the traditional TLC method. Different from the traditional TLC method, this method successfully detects subtle excretions of abnormal oligosaccharides in mucolipidosis II and III ( I cell disease) as well as other oligosaccharidoses. Conditions screened for are the following: Fucosidosis, Alpha-mannosidosis, Beta-mannosidosis, Sialidosis, Aspartylglucosaminuria, Schindler disease, Kanzaki disease, Mucolipidosis II and III ( I cell disease), Galactosialidosis, CDGIIb, Pompe disease, and Tay Sachs / Sandhoff (GM2).. ...
Results There was a consistent reduction in the patients urinary oligosaccharides after periods of being on thymoquinone from 0.5-2g/day, with gastrointestinal side effects reported at doses beyond 2 g/day. The summed time for balance tests showed a significant improvement in balance after periods on thymoquinone (p=0.047), while the SARA score and tests for dysmetria showed no significant change (p=0.34). There was no change from baseline in the urinary oligosaccharides after periods on vorinostat, with asymptomatic neutropenia noted at the standard 300 mg/day dose. ...
Reka Bentuk Grafik & Reka Bentuk Laman Web Projects for $30 - $100. Would you please go to the following site: http://www.sarasotahomes4sale.com 1. use the same format and background colors (black, tan, black, light blue) that this site has, but leave out the tabs ...
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Sila ambil perhatian bahawa kanak-kanak di bawah umur 18 tahun ("Kanak") hendaklah disertai dengan ibu bapa, penjaga menurut undang-undang dan/atau wakil yang berkenaan ketika melawati atau melayari Laman Web atau Halaman TAS dan/atau mengguna perkhidmatan yang terdapat di Laman Web dan Halaman TAS tersebut. Di mana ibu bapa, penjaga menurut undang-undang dan/atau wakil yang berkenaan telah membenarkan Kanak untuk melawati atau melayari Laman Web dan Halaman TAS, dan/atau menggunakan mana-mana perkhidmatan yang disediakan di Laman Web dan Halaman TAS, ibu bapa, penjaga menurut undang-undang dan/atau wakil yang berkenaan akan bertanggungjawab sepenuhnya untuk ...
Di Laman Blog dan Laman Web ini, saya ingin menyampaikan pengalaman, pendapat dan sedikit sebanyak apa yang saya tahu mengenai sistem penyampaian perkhidmatan kesihatan. Menu untuk Versi Bahsa terletak disebelah kiri jika laman dibuka dengan komputer desktop, laptop atau tablet. Untuk telefon guna muka Versi Bahasa Malaysia. Topik yang disentuh disenarai dibawah. Klik pada URL…
Mannosidosis is a genetic disorder characterized by a lysosomal enzyme deficiency resulting in progressive mental and physical deterioration.
Produk yang disebut dalam blog/laman web ini tidak boleh digunakan untuk tujuan diagnosis, merawat, menyembuh atau mencegah sebarang penyakit.. Maklumat dalam blog/laman web ini tidak boleh digunakan sebagai pengganti rawatan perubatan dan konsultasi doktor atau pakar pemakanan mahupun dianggap sebagai preskipsi. Sesiapa yang percaya bahawa mereka mengalami sebarang jenis penyakit atau masalah kesihatan, sila berjumpa dengan doktor berkaitan untuk diagnosis dan rawatan susulan. ...
Produk yang disebut dalam blog/laman web ini tidak boleh digunakan untuk tujuan diagnosis, merawat, menyembuh atau mencegah sebarang penyakit.. Maklumat dalam blog/laman web ini tidak boleh digunakan sebagai pengganti rawatan perubatan dan konsultasi doktor atau pakar pemakanan mahupun dianggap sebagai preskipsi. Sesiapa yang percaya bahawa mereka mengalami sebarang jenis penyakit atau masalah kesihatan, sila berjumpa dengan doktor berkaitan untuk diagnosis dan rawatan susulan. ...
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PENAFIAN: Ini adalah laman blog sokongan untuk tujuan PROMOSI sahaja. Tiada kaitan dengan laman web syarikat yang disertai. Contoh pendapatan adalah simulasi sahaja. Pendapatan sebenar bergantung kepada usaha setiap peserta. Saya tidak menjamin sebarang pendapatan TETAP. Tiada mana-mana bahagian portal ini boleh diubah, disalin, diedar, dihantar semula, disiarkan, dipamerkan, diterbitkan, dilesenkan, dipindah, dijual atau diuruskan bagi tujuan komersil dalam apa bentuk sekalipun tanpa mendapat kebenaran secara bertulis yang jelas terlebih dahulu daripada ADMIN . Admin bukalah pengamal perubatan dan tiada mana-mana artikel di dalam blog ini dapat menyokong penyembuhan secara total ...
Metaglip Le Moins Cher. bien être, comme lamitriptyline, on peut en effet avoir limpression quil y a plusieurs noyaux alors quen réalité il y a plusieurs lobes, sont dans ce dossier. Avec, Metaglip Le Moins Cher fais 2 test de grossesse positif Metaglip Le Moins Cher une prise de sang et je suis bien enceinte, publié le 031016 Blog Cours particuliers Donner des Cours Particuliers Qui Peut Donner des Cours Particuliers, à comprimer et à soulever le membre, répondit lhomme-arbre. «Voyez grand. Possible de faire un article special cuisson du poulet. toutcomment! Les labernois choisis pour assister les humains sont des chiens possédant des qualités exceptionnelles, il est indispensable de garantir des conditions de concurrence égales entre les différents États membres.. Des ampoules et ] Aujourdhui, en raison que Mme Schiappa doive partir, ce qui évidente ( ne râle t-on pas, parce Metaglip Le Moins Cher avant un traitement thrombolytique par retéplase, Metaglip Le Moins Cher. ...
adalah normal bila bayi selsema, akan datang pakej batuk dan demam sekali. kalau yang kuat sikit antibodinya, tak demam lah.. just batuk dan selsema.. itupun dah cukup buat ibu2 rasa gundah gulana bila baby kita tercungap2 nak bernafas, mukus tak berhenti mengalir (lambat lap dah jilat2 dah..hihi), dan batuk kong kong siang malam.. bila dah macam gitu keadaan baby, mestilah baby susah nak tidur.. bila baby tak lena tidur, kita pun tak lena tidur juga, betul tak? . baby Nailah saya (anak ke 3 saya), baru2 ni di serang selsema yang agak lama. sebelum ni pernah jugak selsema.. tapi sehari 2 dah sembuh sepenuhn ...
Buah ni dari pokok hutan yang tak dikenal pasti apa spesiesnya.Saudara aku cakap,dia nampak buah ni tergantung kat pokok durian dia.Dia pun curious juga,so dia kait buah ni.Pokok asal buah ni adalah jenis menjalar(vine).Walaupun buahnya tak betul-betul bulat,tapi berat.Lebih kurang 4-5kg juga dan lebar sekitar 1 kaki ...
In a new study, to be published in Nature Neuroscience, Helene Plun-Favreau and Alex Whitworth from the Neurodegeneration consortium, along with Heike Laman from Cambridge University, have established a role for Fbxo7, a gene associated with familial Parkinsons disease (PD). Helene talks about the results from the paper below: Mitochondria are the
Hakcipta Terpelihara (C) 2008++ oleh Amiene Rev. Tidak dibenarkan diterbitkan semula untuk tujuan komersial mana-mana bahagian terbitan ini dalam apa jua bentuk sama ada secara elektronik, mekanikal, disalin semula atau sebaliknya tanpa izin pemilik blog Duke Amiene Rev, iaitu Amiene Rev. Sekiranya terlanjur mengeluarkan apa-apa bahan di dalam blog ini, maka hendaklah dikreditkan kepada nama Amiene Rev sebagai penulis/pengkarya dan pautan laman blog ini, iaitu http://dukeamienerev.blogspot.com sebagai sumber asal. Bagi penerbitan yang bersifat komersil, individu atau pihak terbabit hendaklah membayar royalti kepada Amiene Rev bagi setiap karya atau tulisan yang disiarkan di penerbitan tersebut ...
Setiap web judi online menerapkan undang-undang dan transaksi online juga ada aturannya. Pemain judi online tak akan pernah luput dengan namanya transaksi uang secara online sebab memang telah jadi kebiasaan. Kultur masyarakat melaksanakan transaksi uang secara online di laman perjudian online itu tujuan untuk bermain saja dan mencari bonus. Nah, mengingat tidak seluruh bank lokal di Indonesia yang menggunakan fasilitas transaksi selama 24 jam sehingga adakalanya ada jam-jam transaksi offline. Web perjudian online pasti menerapkan bank-bank tertentu jadi untuk memberikan jadwal transaksi pasti disesuaikan secara ideal dengan masing-masing bank terkait. Nah, dengan memberikan berita jadwal offline transaksi web perjudian online diinginkan pemain akan nyaman. Informasi jadwal offline transaksi bank BRI dari website judi online merupakan untuk menghindari jam 00:00 sampai jam 06:00 setiap hari Senin sampai minggu. Transaksi deposit dan withdraw ke bank BRI milik bandar judi online dapat dijalankan ...
Pemilik blog ini tidak bertanggungjawab sekiranya berlaku kerosakan atau masalah pada system komputer pelawat semasa/sesudah melawat laman ini. Juga tidak akan bertanggungjawab terhadap kerosakan hartabenda pelawat sekiranya pelawat mencuba tutorial atau apa apa sahaja yang dipersembahkan dalam blog ini. Segala tulisan dan pandangan dalam blog ini adalah telus. Segala artikel2 atau bahan2 info adalah dipetik dari berbagai2 sumber dan disiarkan sebagai rujukan semata mata.Penulis terlebih dahulu memohon ampun dan maaf sekiranya ada antara artikel atau tulisan yang menyentuh/menganggu emosi para pelawat. Ucapan terima kasih kepada pihak sumber kerana segala rujukan adalah amat bermanafaat kepada kami , Peminat Pertanian ...
Deng Ipan, keng amanung English, teeth metung lang balangkas a mayayakit keng panga da reng dakal a vertebrates nung nu magagamit la para pamirasu, panginis at pamalangut keng pamangan. Deng aliwang animal lalu na reng mamangan carni a ausan dang carnivore keng amanung English, gagamitan diya naman ing ipan para paglaban. Deng yamut da ring ipan makapanpan lang gilagid. Deng ipan ila reng metung a pangilala (at pangmaluatan), da ring mammal. Deng Paleontologists gagamitan do reng ipan para a kilala da la reng miyayaliwang species da reng fossils at ababalu da la reng karelang ugnayan. Ing aske na ning animal atin yang kasapni keng kayang pamamangan. Alimbawa, deng tanaman masakit la lasawan keng dungus at bituka inya deng herbivores dakal la molars para paglangut, kabang den naman carnivores, kailangan de ing pangil para makamate at lapakan de ing laman. Deng tau diphyodont la, ing kabaldugan na, adua lang ilera deng ipan da. Deng mumunang ilera (ing "bingut," "gatas," "primara" o "deciduous" a ...
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Pemilik blog ini tidak bertanggungjawab sekiranya berlaku kerosakan atau masalah pada system komputer pelawat semasa/sesudah melawat laman ini. Juga tidak akan bertanggungjawab terhadap kerosakan hartabenda pelawat sekiranya pelawat mencuba tutorial atau apa apa sahaja yang dipersembahkan dalam blog ini. Segala tulisan dan pandangan dalam blog ini adalah telus. Segala artikel2 atau bahan2 info adalah dipetik dari berbagai2 sumber dan disiarkan sebagai rujukan semata mata.Penulis terlebih dahulu memohon ampun dan maaf sekiranya ada antara artikel atau tulisan yang menyentuh/menganggu emosi para pelawat. Ucapan terima kasih kepada pihak sumber kerana segala rujukan adalah amat bermanafaat kepada kami , Peminat Pertanian ...
Perkataan Millat adalah bahasa Urdu yang biasa digunakan untuk merujuk kepada negara. Laman web itu sudah mempunyai 4,300 ahli selepas tiga hari dilancarkan, kebanyakannya warga Pakistan yang boleh berbahasa Inggeris dalam lingkungan usia 20-an ...
Hampir keseluruhan artikel ataupun catatan di dalam blog ini ditulis sendiri oleh Sagahayat berpandukan bahan rujukan buku, majalah, emel, rancangan televisyen, akhbar, laman web dan sebagainya. Kembara, rekreasi dan pengalaman pula ditulis berdasarkan pengalaman Sagahayat sendiri. Fakta yang ditulis dan diterbitkan tidak sama sekali dipesong. Kisah benar pula ditulis dan diolah suai mengikut imaginasi penulis tanpa sama sekali mengubah rentetan cerita atau fakta yang terdapat dalam artikel itu. Sekiranya anda terbaca catatan yang boleh dikatakan diplagiat daripada blog anda, anda berhak menghubungi saya di emel [email protected] supaya saya dapat membuang atau mengedit catatan tersebut. Terima kasih ...
Perkataan Millat adalah bahasa Urdu yang biasa digunakan untuk merujuk kepada negara. Laman web itu sudah mempunyai 4,300 ahli selepas tiga hari dilancarkan, kebanyakannya warga Pakistan yang boleh berbahasa Inggeris dalam lingkungan usia 20-an ...
Dan jika gua bukan manusia, apakah lu sebenarnya? Lu boleh marah kalau lu follow blog ni, tp gua tak follow lu balik. Tu hak gua, salah seorang yang hidup bawah langit demokrasi. Motif gua berjima dengan laman sesawang ni pun adalah sebagai diari yg kelak gua tua gua dapat ingat kembali memori masa gua muda :) .Gua bangga dengan Diaridosa yang tak seberapa ini, kerana Diaridosa inilah sejujur-jujur hati gua. Achtung, gua selalu menipu di realiti tp penulisan gua bukan begitu. Gua tak harap orang follow, gua cuma nak menulis. Terimakasih kepada pembaca yang setia. \m ...
Hakcipta Terpelihara (C) 2008++ oleh Amiene Rev. Tidak dibenarkan diterbitkan semula untuk tujuan komersial mana-mana bahagian terbitan ini dalam apa jua bentuk sama ada secara elektronik, mekanikal, disalin semula atau sebaliknya tanpa izin pemilik blog Duke Amiene Rev, iaitu Amiene Rev. Sekiranya terlanjur mengeluarkan apa-apa bahan di dalam blog ini, maka hendaklah dikreditkan kepada nama Amiene Rev sebagai penulis/pengkarya dan pautan laman blog ini, iaitu http://dukeamienerev.blogspot.com sebagai sumber asal. Bagi penerbitan yang bersifat komersil, individu atau pihak terbabit hendaklah membayar royalti kepada Amiene Rev bagi setiap karya atau tulisan yang disiarkan di penerbitan tersebut ...
Edit 31/10/2012 : Gara-gara post ni yang bertajuk Seriusss..rinduuu ada yang bertanya .. dengan siapa CF bercinta? hahaha gelak bes00 CF dibuatnyee.. bercinta dengan BLOG ni lah.. blog ni lah terapi buat CF.. suka duka bersama.. hari ni 800 post dah terhasil di laman blog ni .. semoga kita dapat berkongsi ilmu bersama ...
Admin blog ini tidak akan bertanggungjawab ke atas sebarang kerugian, kehilangan atau kerosakan yang dialami dalam penggunaan sebarang maklumat yang dicapai daripada laman blog ini. Terima kasih. ...
I wonder if I have a mild form of SPD or it is just autistic sensory weirdness. I am hypersensitive to touch and tactile pain. I have weirdness about food
LMNA Mannosidosis, alpha-, types I and II; 248500; MAN2B1 Mannosidosis, beta; 248510; MANBA Maple syrup urine disease, type Ia ... RAG1 Alpha-2-plasmin inhibitor deficiency; 262850; PLI Alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase deficiency; 203740; OGDH Alpha- ... NLRP3 Mucolipidosis II alpha/beta; 252500; GNPTAB Mucolipidosis III alpha/beta; 252600; GNPTAB Mucolipidosis III gamma; 252605 ... methylacetoacetic aciduria; 203750; ACAT1 Alpha-thalassemia myelodysplasia syndrome, somatic; 300448; ATRX Alpha-thalassemia ...
... and skeletal abnormalities in children with alpha-mannosidosis. After beginning to provide clinical services for children with ... "Allogeneic hematopoietic SCT for alpha-mannosidosis: an analysis of 17 patients". Bone Marrow Transplant. 47 (3): 352-9. doi: ...
The plant contains the alkaloid swainsonine causing alpha-mannosidosis, a risk to grazing livestock. In 2014, thousands of ...
There are two types: alpha-Mannosidase beta-Mannosidase A deficiency is associated with mannosidosis. A family of mannosidases ...
"Alpha-mannosidosis.". Orphanet J Rare Dis 3: 21. PMC 2515294. PMID 18651971. doi:10.1186/1750-1172-3-21. ... alpha-Mannosidase na US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) ... GeneReviews/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on Alpha-Mannosidosis. *OMIM entries on Alpha-Mannosidosis ...
GeneReviews/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on Alpha-Mannosidosis OMIM entries on Alpha-Mannosidosis alpha-Mannosidase at the US National ... alpha-Mannosidase (EC 3.2.1.24, alpha-D-mannosidase, p-nitrophenyl-alpha-mannosidase, alpha-D-mannopyranosidase, 1,2-alpha- ... exo-alpha-mannosidase) is an enzyme involved in the cleavage of the alpha form of mannose. Its systematic name is alpha-D- ... Malm D, Nilssen Ø (2008). "Alpha-mannosidosis". Orphanet J Rare Dis. 3: 21. doi:10.1186/1750-1172-3-21. PMC 2515294 . PMID ...
... alpha-mannosidosis, Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome, cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome, Ras pathway disorders, transient neonatal ...
Wolman disease Oligosaccharide Alpha-mannosidosis Beta-mannosidosis Aspartylglucosaminuria Fucosidosis Lysosomal transport ... gangliosidoses Alpha-galactosidase Fabry disease (alpha-galactosidase A) Schindler disease (alpha-galactosidase B) Beta- ... Locoweed Mannosidosis Molecular chaperone therapy Winchester B, Vellodi A, Young E (2000). "The molecular basis of lysosomal ...
... alpha-mannosidosis MeSH C18.452.648.202.607.750 --- beta-mannosidosis MeSH C18.452.648.202.670 --- mucolipidoses MeSH C18.452. ... alpha-mannosidosis MeSH C18.452.648.595.577.750 --- beta-mannosidosis MeSH C18.452.648.595.600 --- mucopolysaccharidoses MeSH ...
... alpha-mannosidosis MeSH C16.320.565.202.607.750 --- beta-mannosidosis MeSH C16.320.565.202.670 --- mucolipidoses MeSH C16.320. ... alpha-mannosidosis MeSH C16.320.565.580.577.750 --- beta-mannosidosis MeSH C16.320.565.580.600 --- mucopolysaccharidoses MeSH ... alpha-thalassemia MeSH C16.320.070.875.150 --- beta-thalassemia MeSH C16.320.077.090 --- anemia, diamond-blackfan MeSH C16.320. ... alpha-thalassemia MeSH C16.320.365.826.100.350 --- hydrops fetalis MeSH C16.320.365.826.150 --- beta-thalassemia MeSH C16.320. ...
Fucosidosis Aspartylglucosaminuria Alpha-mannosidosis Other Wolman disease (acid lipase deficiency) Immunodeficiencies T-cell ...
Acromegaly Alpha-mannosidosis type II Aspartylglycosaminuria Battaglia Neri syndrome Borjeson Syndrome Chromosome 6q deletion ... alpha B lysosomal) McCune-Albright Syndrome Mental retardation (X-linked - epilepsy - progressive joint contractures - typical ... Immunodeficiency due to defect in MAPBP-interacting protein Infantile sialic acid storage disorder Job syndrome Mannosidosis ( ...
... and can cleave all known types of alpha-mannosidic linkages. Defects in the gene cause lysosomal alpha-mannosidosis (AM), a ... The enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-mannose residues in alpha-D-mannosides, ... A domain, which is found in the central region adopts a structure consisting of three alpha helices, in an immunoglobulin/ ... The domain is predominantly found in the enzyme alpha-mannosidase. Henrissat B, Callebaut I, Mornon JP, Fabrega S, Lehn P, ...
... is a deficiency in mannosidase, an enzyme. There are two types: Alpha-mannosidosis Beta-mannosidosis Swainsonine ... Mannosidosis at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). ...
Beta-mannosidase Alpha-mannosidosis "Mannosidosis, beta A, lysosomal , Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - an ... via lectin histochemistry to distinguish between α-mannosidosis and beta-mannosidosis. In terms of beta-mannosidosis treatment ... Beta-mannosidosis is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Affected individuals appear normal at birth, and can have a ... "beta-mannosidosis". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-07-13. Enns, Gregory M.; Steiner, Robert D.; Cowan, Tina M. (2009 ...
GeneReviews/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on Alpha-Mannosidosis OMIM entries on Alpha-Mannosidosis ISMRD page on alpha-mannosidosis Hide ... Alpha-mannosidosis type 1 at NIH's Office of Rare Diseases Alpha-mannosidosis type 2 at NIH's Office of Rare Diseases. ... Alpha-mannosidosis is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficient activity of the enzyme alpha-D-mannosidase. In humans it ... The worldwide incidence of alpha-mannosidosis is in the range of 1 per 500,000 to 1 per 1,000,000. Mannosidosis is found in all ...
Alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase deficiency Alpha-L-iduronidase deficiency Alpha-mannosidosis Alpha-sarcoglycanopathy Alpha- ... thalassemia Alpha thalassemia abnormal morphogenesis Alpha-thalassemia mental retardation syndrome Alport syndrome Alport ... Alpers disease Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency Alpha-2 deficient collagen disease ...
mannosidosis *Alpha-mannosidosis. *Beta-mannosidosis. *Sialidosis. *Schindler disease. Other. *solute carrier family (Salla ...
This lysosomal storage disorder is caused by a deficiency in the enzyme alpha-NAGA (alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase), ... International Society for Mannosidosis & Related Diseases, ISMRD). Retrieved 2008-11-13. "Schindler Disease". National ... A deficiency of the alpha-NAGA enzyme leads to an accumulation of glycosphingolipids throughout the body. This accumulation of ... Schindler disease, also known as Kanzaki disease and alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase deficiency is a rare disease found in ...
... genetic types Mannosidosis Manouvrier syndrome Mansonelliasis Mantle cell lymphoma Marashi-Gorlin syndrome Marburg fever ... Male pseudohermaphroditism due to 17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency Male pseudohermaphroditism due to 5-alpha- ...
Disruption of Golgi alpha-mannosidase II with swainsonine induces hybrid-type glycans. These glycans have a Man5GlcNAc2 core ... Castanospermine Mannosidosis Stegelmeier BL, Molyneux RJ, Elbein AD, James LF (May 1995). "The lesions of locoweed (Astragalus ... It is a potent inhibitor of Golgi alpha-mannosidase II, an immunomodulator, and a potential chemotherapy drug. As a toxin in ...
... not elsewhere classified Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency Bisalbuminaemia (E88.1) Lipodystrophy, not elsewhere classified (E88.2 ... Defects in glycoprotein degradation Aspartylglucosaminuria Fucosidosis Mannosidosis Sialidosis (mucolipidosis I) (E77.8) Other ... Testicular hypofunction 5-Alpha-reductase deficiency (with male pseudohermaphroditism) Testicular hypogonadism NOS (E30) ...
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Malm D, Nilssen O (2008). "Alpha-mannosidosis". Orphanet J Rare Dis. ... a b c d e f g h Borgwardt L, Lund AM, Dali CI (2014). Alpha-mannosidosis - a review of genetic, clinical findings and options ... rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/alpha-mannosidosis/ *^ Guide to understanding mannosidosis. Society for Mucopolysaccharide ... "Alpha-mannosidosis" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (July 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template ...
Check for Discount on Alpha-Mannosidosis Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2016 report by GlobalData. GlobalDatas clinical ... Alpha-Mannosidosis Therapeutics, Global, Clinical Trials and Average Enrollment by Top Countries, 2016* 6. Alpha-Mannosidosis ... Alpha-Mannosidosis Therapeutics Clinical Trials, North America, Top Countries, 2016* 9. Proportion of Alpha-Mannosidosis to ... Alpha-Mannosidosis Therapeutics, Global, Clinical Trials and Average Enrollment by Top Countries, 2016* 6. Alpha-Mannosidosis ...
Alpha-mannosidosis is a rare inherited disorder that causes problems in many organs and tissues of the body. Explore symptoms, ... medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/alpha-mannosidosis/ Alpha-mannosidosis. ... Mutations in the MAN2B1 gene cause alpha-mannosidosis. This gene provides instructions for making the enzyme alpha-mannosidase ... Intracellular transport of human lysosomal alpha-mannosidase and alpha-mannosidosis-related mutants. Biochem J. 2004 Jul 15;381 ...
BMT Emerges as Leading Therapy for Treating Alpha Mannosidosis. Statistics show that alpha mannosidosis affects one in every 10 ... Alpha mannosidosis is an inherited medical condition tissues and organs of the human body to function in abnormal ways. The ... North America alpha mannosidosis market is also expected to witness a remarkable growth rate in the coming years. The orphan ... Alpha Mannosidosis Market Professional Survey Report 2017 Comprehensive Analysis and Market studies Research Report 2024. Press ...
Confirmed diagnosis of alpha-mannosidosis based on alpha mannosidase activity ,10% of normal in leukocytes or fibroblasts or ... Genetics Home Reference related topics: Alpha-mannosidosis Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Alpha- ... Interventional Study to Assess Efficacy and Safety of Velmanase Alfa in Patients With Alpha Mannosidosis (SHAMAN). The safety ... alpha-Mannosidosis. Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors. Metabolism, Inborn Errors. Genetic Diseases, Inborn. Lysosomal ...
Alpha-mannosidosis: functional cloning of the lysosomal alpha-mannosidase cDNA and identification of a mutation in two affected ... a-Mannosidosis (MIM 248500) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder resulting from deficient activity of lysosomal ... Leu replacement at a position which is conserved among class 2 alpha-mannosidases from several species. ... alpha-mannosidase (LAMAN) (EC 3.2.1.24). The disease is characterized by massive intracellular accumulation of mannose-rich ...
... adolescents and children with mild to moderate forms of alpha-mannosidosis.. Alpha-mannosidosis is a rare inherited enzyme ... As alpha-mannosidosis is a very rare disease, the CHMPagreed that it is not possible to provide comprehensive data on the ... Because alpha-mannosidosis is a very rare disease, Lamzede was granted an orphan designation. As always at time of approval, ... The symptoms of alpha-mannosidosis range from mild to moderate and severe. Individuals with early onset severe and rapid ...
... and a patient pool with high disposable incomes will continue to keep North America at the forefront of the alpha mannosidosis ... Global Alpha Mannosidosis Market: Exclusivity Norms for Orphan Drugs in Europe and North America Ensure Sustainable Profits, ... Global Alpha Mannosidosis Market: Exclusivity Norms for Orphan Drugs in Europe and North America Ensure Sustainable Profits, ... Lamazym, an enzyme replacement therapy for treatment of alpha mannosidosis, is designated as an orphan drug in the U.S. and the ...
METHODS To study the genotype-phenotype relationship for alpha-mannosidosis 66 patients were included. Based on the predicted ... and biochemical data were done to investigate the potential relationship between genotype and phenotype in alpha-mannosidosis. ... leading to loss of lysosomal alpha-mannosidase activity. Symptoms include intellectual disabilities, hearing impairment, motor ... BACKGROUND Alpha-mannosidosis is caused by mutations in MAN2B1, ... alpha-Mannosidosis: functional cloning of the lysosomal alpha- ...
The goal of this study is to identify and validate a new biochemical marker for alpha-mannosidosis from the plasma of affected ... Mutations in the MAN2B1 gene cause alpha-mannosidosis. This gene provides instructions for making the enzyme alpha-mannosidase ... Alpha-mannosidosis is a rare lysosomal storage disorder of the Glycoprotein family of diseases and is closely related to ... Alpha-mannosidosis is a rare inherited disorder that causes problems in many organs and tissues of the body. Affected ...
... is best thought of as a continuum of disease that is generally broken down into three forms: a mild, slowly ... Alpha-mannosidosis is a rare genetic disorder characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme alpha-D-mannosidase. ... Alpha-mannosidosis is a rare genetic disorder characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme alpha-D-mannosidase. Alpha- ... Alpha-mannosidosis is caused by mutations of the MAN2B1 gene. This genetic mutation is inherited as an autosomal recessive ...
alpha-Mannosidosis Mutation Database. A database on mutations, genotypes and the clinical and molecular aspects of alpha- ...
Alpha mannosidosis is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency of alpha-mannosidase enzyme ... Demonstration of deficient alpha-mannosidase enzyme activity is considered the gold standard to confirm a diagnosis of alpha- ... This biochemical test is a quantitative measurement of alpha-mannosidase enzyme activity and can be used as a 1st tier test for ... patients with a clinical suspicion of alpha-mannosidosis. ... Alpha-mannosidosis : Alpha-mannosidase Enzyme Analysis. PRINT ...
What is Alpha-Mannosidosis? Compare Alpha-Mannosidosis symptoms Alpha-Mannosidosis treatments and . Share online in the health ... Learn about Alpha-Mannosidosis and other health conditions at HealtheTreatment. ... About Alpha-Mannosidosis. Alpha-mannosidosis is a rare genetic disorder characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme alpha-D- ... Alpha-mannosidosis is best thought of as a continuum of disease that is generally broken down into three forms: a mild, slowly ...
Velmanase alfa for treating alpha-mannosidosis [ID800] In development [GID-HST10010] Expected publication date: TBC ...
Velmanase alfa for treating alpha-mannosidosis [ID800] In development [GID-HST10010] Expected publication date: 20 November ...
It is caused by mutations of the MAN2B1 gene, which lead to alpha-mannosidase deficiency. AM is associated with facial ... which may also be referred to as lysosomal acid hydrolase alpha-mannosidase or LAHAM. ... Alpha-mannosidosis (AM) is a lysosomal storage disease, ... Home Alpha-Mannosidosis Alpha-Mannosidosis Alpha-mannosidosis ... Alpha-Mannosidosis. Deficiency of Alpha-Mannosidase. Alpha-mannosidosis (AM) is a lysosomal storage disease, which may also be ...
... information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Alpha-mannosidosis ... Alpha-mannosidosis Title Other Names:. Lysosomal alpha-D-mannosidase deficiency; Alpha mannosidase B deficiency; Mannosidosis, ... Alpha mannosidosis is caused by a mutations. in the MAN2B1 gene. , which codifies a type of enzyme. (lysosomal alpha- ... 2014; http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/alpha-mannosidosis. *Malm D & Nilssen O. Alpha-Mannosidosis. GeneReview. 2012; http ...
Mannosidosis. alpha-Mannosidosis. Mannosidase Deficiency Diseases. Mosses. Bryopsida. Bryophyta. Pneumocystis carinii. ...
Alpha mannosidosis. Gaucher Disease. Thalassemia major. Sickle cell disease (SCD). Diamond Blackfan Anemia (DBA). ... Alpha-mannosidosis Osteopetrosis Krabbe Disease Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis ...
beta-Mannosidosis: An inborn error of metabolism marked by a defect in the lysosomal isoform of BETA-MANNOSIDASE that results ... 10/08/1999 - "Glycoprotein lysosomal storage disorders: alpha- and beta-mannosidosis, fucosidosis and alpha-N- ... respectively alpha- and beta-mannosidosis, fucosidosis and alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase deficiency. ". ... alpha- and beta-mannosidosis, fucosidosis, aspartylglucosaminuria, and alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase deficiency (Schindler ...
GeneReviews/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on Alpha-Mannosidosis OMIM entries on Alpha-Mannosidosis alpha-Mannosidase at the US National ... alpha-Mannosidase (EC 3.2.1.24, alpha-D-mannosidase, p-nitrophenyl-alpha-mannosidase, alpha-D-mannopyranosidase, 1,2-alpha- ... exo-alpha-mannosidase) is an enzyme involved in the cleavage of the alpha form of mannose. Its systematic name is alpha-D- ... Malm D, Nilssen Ø (2008). "Alpha-mannosidosis". Orphanet J Rare Dis. 3: 21. doi:10.1186/1750-1172-3-21. PMC 2515294 . PMID ...
alpha-Mannosidosis 2018-03-23 Authorised Scenesse afamelanotide. Protoporphyria, Erythropoietic 2014-12-22 Authorised ...
alpha-Mannosidosis. Metabolic Diseases. Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors. Metabolism, Inborn Errors. Genetic Diseases, ... Alpha-mannosidosis Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II Niemann-Pick Disease Niemann-Pick Disease Type A Neuronal Ceroid ... Alpha-mannosidosis Frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism-17 Inclusion body myopathy with early-onset Paget disease and ... Alpha-Mannosidosis Sanfilippo Mucopolysaccharidoses Biological: DUOC-01 Phase 1 ...
3. Alpha-Mannosidosis. 4. Alport syndrome -- mental retardation -- midface hypoplasia -- elliptocytosis. 5. Angiofollicular ...
  • In humans it is known to be caused by an autosomal recessive genetic mutation in the gene MAN2B1, located on chromosome 19, affecting the production of the enzyme alpha-D-mannosidase, resulting in its deficiency. (wikipedia.org)
  • A defective alpha-mannosidase enzyme, which normally helps to break down complex sugars derived from glycoproteins in the lysosome, causes sugar build up and impairs cell function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients may present to doctors, nurses or health visitors at different stages of progression, and with different ad hoc symptoms, making the link to suspect a diagnosis of alpha-mannosidosis difficult. (wikipedia.org)
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