A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE that is distinguished from birch (BETULA) by its usually stalked winter buds and by cones that remain on the branches after the small, winged nutlets are released.
A plant family of the order Fagales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. They have simple, serrate, alternate leaves. Male flowers are borne in long, pendulous catkins; the female in shorter, pendulous or erect catkins. The fruit is usually a small nut or a short-winged samara.
A group of compounds consisting of two aromatic rings separated by seven carbons (HEPTANES) and having various substituents. The best known member is CURCUMIN.
Genus of BACTERIA in the family Frankiaceae. They are nitrogen-fixing root-nodule symbionts of many species of woody dicotyledonous plants.
A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE. The tree has smooth, resinous, varicolored or white bark, marked by horizontal pores (lenticels), which usually peels horizontally in thin sheets.
A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE known for the edible nuts.
A plant genus of the family ZINGIBERACEAE, order Zingiberales, subclass Zingiberidae. Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton is the source of Cardamom used in SPICES.
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
The reproductive organs of plants.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE. Members contain teuscordonin. There have been reports of hepatoxicity by this genus.
The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A plant family of the order Fagales subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida.
A plant genus of the family JUGLANDACEAE that provides the familiar walnut.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that is similar to CONYZA. Members contain SESQUITERPENES.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A plant genus of the family OLEACEAE. Members contain secoiridoid glucosides.
A plant genus of the family MYRICACEAE. Members contain myricanol. The common name of bayberry is similar to the name barberry which is used for BERBERIS and MAHONIA.
A plant genus of the family MAGNOLIACEAE. The germacranolide sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, and costunolide diepoxide have been isolated from the leaves. Bark contains honokiol and magnolol. Parts are an ingredient of Banxia Houpo Tang.
A plant genus of the family SIMAROUBACEAE. Members contain ailantinols and other quassinoids.
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE that is a source of coniine.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).
The sumac plant family in the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are tropical and subtropical trees, shrubs, and woody vines that have resin ducts in the bark. The sap of many of the species is irritating to the skin.
The walnut plant family of the order Juglandales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mainly temperate zone trees.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
A family of hemoglobin-like proteins found in BACTERIA; PLANTS; and unicellular eukaryotes. Truncated hemoglobins are distantly related to vertebrate hemoglobins and are typically shorter than vertebrate hemoglobins by 20-40 residues.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic or microaerophilic, colorless filaments. It is nonfruiting, motile by gliding, and found in freshwater sediments and cow dung. One species (V. stercoraria) is considered morphologically to be a streptobacillus. That species is strictly aerobic and produces a homodimeric bacterial hemoglobin, especially under oxygen-limited growth conditions. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
A family of ark shell mollusks, in the class BIVALVIA. They have soft bodies with platelike GILLS enclosed within two shells hinged together.

Cavitation fatigue. Embolism and refilling cycles can weaken the cavitation resistance of xylem. (1/60)

Although cavitation and refilling cycles could be common in plants, it is unknown whether these cycles weaken the cavitation resistance of xylem. Stem or petiole segments were tested for cavitation resistance before and after a controlled cavitation-refilling cycle. Cavitation was induced by centrifugation, air drying of shoots, or soil drought. Except for droughted plants, material was not significantly water stressed prior to collection. Cavitation resistance was determined from "vulnerability curves" showing the percentage loss of conductivity versus xylem pressure. Two responses were observed. "Resilient" xylem (Acer negundo and Alnus incana stems) showed no change in cavitation resistance after a cavitation-refilling cycle. In contrast, "weakened" xylem (Populus angustifolia, P. tremuloides, Helianthus annuus stems, and Aesculus hippocastanum petioles) showed considerable reduction in cavitation resistance. Weakening was observed whether cavitation was induced by centrifugation, air dehydration, or soil drought. Observations from H. annuus showed that weakening was proportional to the embolism induced by stress. Air injection experiments indicated that the weakened response was a result of an increase in the leakiness of the vascular system to air seeding. The increased air permeability in weakened xylem could result from rupture or loosening of the cellulosic mesh of interconduit pit membranes during the water stress and cavitation treatment.  (+info)

Reinforcement of genetic coherence in a two-locus model. (2/60)

BACKGROUND: In order to maintain populations as units of reproduction and thus enable anagenetic evolution, genetic factors must exist which prevent continuing reproductive separation or enhance reproductive contact. This evolutionary principle is called genetic coherence and it marks the often ignored counterpart of cladistic evolution. Possibilities of the evolution of genetic coherence are studied with the help of a two-locus model with two alleles at each locus. The locus at which viability selection takes place is also the one that controls the fusion of gametes. The second locus acts on the first by modifying the control of the fusion probabilities. It thus acts as a mating modifier whereas the first locus plays the role of the object of selection and mating. Genetic coherence is enhanced by modifications which confer higher probabilities of fusion to heterotypic gametic combinations (resulting in heterozygous zygotes) at the object locus. RESULTS: It is shown that mutants at the mating modifier locus, which increase heterotypic fusions but do not lower the homotpyic fusions relative to the resident allele at the object locus, generally replace the resident allele. Since heterozygote advantage at the object locus is a necessary condition for this result to hold true, reinforcement of genetic coherence can be claimed for this case. If the homotypic fusions are lowered, complex situations may arise which may favor or disfavor the mutant depending on initial frequencies and recombination rates. To allow for a generalized analysis including alternative models of genetic coherence as well as the estimation of its degrees in real populations, an operational concept for the measurement of this degree is developed. The resulting index is applied to the interpretation of data from crossing experiments in Alnus species designed to detect incompatibility relations.  (+info)

Comparative analysis of pollen counts of Corylus, Alnus and Betula in Szczecin, Warsaw and Lublin (2000-2001). (3/60)

The aim of the study was to compare the airborne concentrations of allergenic pollen produced by three early flowering tree taxa (Corylus, Alnus, Betula) in the cities of Warsaw (central Poland), Lublin (eastern Poland) and Szczecin (western Poland) during the years 2000-2001. Measurements were performed by the volumetric method. Pollen seasons were defined as the periods in which 95% of the total catch occurred. The highest concentration and annual pollen count of Corylus was measured in Lublin in both seasons, while the highest annual pollen counts of Alnus and Betula were noted in Warsaw, where the annual pollen count of Betula in 2001 was four times higher than in 2000 and equalled 5,376 grains in m3 per 24 h. Significant differences in the pollen count of the examined taxa were observed between two seasons: the pollen count of Corylus was higher in 2000 than in 2001, while for Alnus and Betula the opposite was the case. The longest pollen seasons were observed at low annual pollen counts for the pollen of Corylus. Results of the study reveal significant differences between the seasons and the cities. The differences concern the dates of the appearance of pollen grains in the air, the duration of the presence of sporomorphs and the maximum concentrations in particular seasons. The pollen counts of alder, birch and hazel trees are determined by the weather, diversity of local flora and specific rhythm of pollination of particular taxa.  (+info)

Performance of an age series of alnus-cardamom plantations in the Sikkim Himalaya: productivity, energetics and efficiencies. (4/60)

Biomass, net primary productivity, energetics and energy efficiencies were estimated in an age series of Alnus-cardamom plantations in the eastern Himalaya. The impact of stand age (5, 10, 15, 20, 30 and 40 years) on the performance of mixtures of N2-fixing (Alnus nepalensis) and non-N2-fixing (large cardamom) plants was studied. Large cardamom (Amomum subulatum) is the most important perennial cash crop in the region and is cultivated predominantly under Alnus trees. Net primary productivity was lowest (7 t ha(-1) per year) in the 40-year-old stand and was more than three times higher (22 t ha(-1) per year) in the 15-year-old stand. Agronomic yield of large cardamom peaked between 15 and 20 years of age. Cardamom productivity doubled from the 5- to the 15-year-old stand, and then decreased with plantation age to reach a minimum in the 40-year-old stand. Performance of cardamom in association of N2-fixing Alnus remained beneficial until 20 years of age. Annual net energy fixation was highest (444 x 10(6) kJ ha(-1) per year) in the 15-year-old stand, being 1.4 times that of the 5-year-old stand and 2.9-times that of the 40-year-old stand. Inverse relationships of production efficiency, energy conversion efficiency and energy utilized in N2-fixation against stand age, and a positive relationship between production efficiency and energy conversion efficiency suggest that the younger plantations are more productive. The Alnus-cardamom plantation system will be sustainable by adopting a rotational cycle of 15 to 20 years.  (+info)

Performance of an age series of Alnus-cardamom plantations in the Sikkim Himalaya: nutrient dynamics. (5/60)

Nutrient cycling, nutrient use efficiency and nitrogen fixation in an age series of Alnus-cardamom plantations were studied in the eastern Himalaya. The impact of stand age (5, 10, 15, 20, 30 and 40 years) on the nutrient dynamics of mixtures of N2-fixing (Alnus nepalensis) and non-N2-fixing (large cardamom) plants was assessed. Foliar nutrient concentrations of Alnus decreased with advancing age groups of plantations and showed an inverse relationship with stand age. Annual N fixation increased from the 5-year-old stand (52 kg ha(-1)), peaking in the 15-year-old stand (155 kg ha(-1)) and then decreased with increasing plantation age. Nitrogen and phosphorus uptake was lowest in the 40-year-old stand, and highest in the 15- and 5-year-old stand, respectively. Nutrient storage in understorey cardamom was very high: up to 31 % N and 59 % P of the stand total in the 15-year-old stand. Nutrient use efficiency was higher (with faster turnover times) in younger stands and decreased (with slower turnover times) in older plantations. Nitrogen retranslocation showed a strong positive relationship with stand age, while that of P was inversely related to stand age. Nutrient standing stock, uptake and return were also highest in the 15-year-old stand. Nitrogen and P cycling in Alnus-cardamom plantations was functionally balanced. Nutrient cycling and dynamics indicated that Alnus-cardamom plantations performed sustainably up to 15-20 years. The management practice should be altered to incorporate replantation after this age.  (+info)

Regulation of nodulation in the absence of N2 is different in actinorhizal plants with different infection pathways. (6/60)

Root nodulation in actinorhizal plants, like Discaria trinervis and Alnus incana, is subject to feedback regulatory mechanisms that control infection by Frankia and nodule development. Nodule pattern in the root system is controlled by an autoregulatory process that is induced soon after inoculation with Frankia. The final number of nodules, as well as nodule biomass in relation to plant biomass, are both modulated by a second mechanism which seems to be related to the N status of the plant. Mature nodules are, in part, involved in the latter process, since nodule excision from the root system releases the inhibition of infection and nodule development. To study the effect of N(2) fixation in this process, nodulated D. trinervis and A. incana plants were incubated under a N(2)-free atmosphere. Discaria trinervis is an intercellularly infected species while A. incana is infected intracellularly, via root hairs. Both symbioses responded with an increment in nodule biomass, but with different strategies. Discaria trinervis increased the biomass of existing nodules without significant development of new nodules, while in A. incana nodule biomass increased due to the development of nodules from new infections, but also from the release of arrested infections. It appears that in D. trinervis nodules there is an additional source for inhibition of new infections and nodule development that is independent of N(2) fixation and nitrogen assimilation. It is proposed here that the intercellular Frankia filaments commonly present in the D. trinervis nodule apex, is the origin for the autoregulatory signals that sustain the blockage of initiated nodule primordia and prevent new roots from infections. When turning to A. incana plants, it seems likely that this signal is related to the early autoregulation of nodulation in A. incana seedlings and is no longer present in mature nodules. Thus, actinorhizal symbioses belonging to relatively distant phylogenetic groups and displaying different infection pathways, show different feedback regulatory processes that control root nodulation by Frankia.  (+info)

Hypervariable spacer regions are good sites for developing specific PCR-RFLP markers and PCR primers for screening actinorhizal symbionts. (7/60)

While the ribosomal RNA like highly conserved genes are good molecular chronometers for establishing phylogenetic relationships, they can also be useful in securing the amplification of adjoining hyper-variable regions. These regions can then be used for developing specific PCR primers or PCR-RFL profiles to be used as molecular markers. We report here the use of ITS region of rrn operon of Frankia for developing PCR-RFL profiles capable of discriminating between closely related frankiae. We have also made use of the ITS1 region of the nuclear rrn operon of Alnus nepalensis (D Don) for designing a PCR primer for specific amplification of nuclear DNA of this tree.  (+info)

Local and systemic effects of phosphorus and nitrogen on nodulation and nodule function in Alnus incana. (8/60)

Phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) effects on nodulation, nitrogenase activity and plant growth were studied in the root-hair-infected actinorhizal plant Alnus incana (L.) Moench. A split-root experiment, as well as a short-term experiment with entire root systems and a broader range of P concentrations, showed that P effects were specific on nodulation and not a general stimulation via a plant growth effect. These results indicate that nodule initiation and nodule growth have a high P demand. The split-root assay, comprising seven combinations of two N and two P levels, showed that P could counteract systemic N inhibition of nodulation, but did not counteract N inhibition of nitrogenase activity.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Bioactivity of Hirsutanolol, Oregonin and Genkwanin, Isolated from the Seeds of Alnus glutinosa (Betulaceae). AU - Kumarasamy, Y.. AU - Cox, P. J.. AU - Jaspars, Marcel. AU - Nahar, L.. AU - Sarker, S. D.. PY - 2006. Y1 - 2006. N2 - The antibacterial and free radical scavenging activity, and the general toxicity of two diarylheptanoids, hirsutanolol (1) and oregonin (2), and a flavonoid, genkwanin (3), isolated from the methanol extract of the seeds of Alnus glutinosa, were assessed by the 96 well-based serial dilution antibacterial assay using resazurin as an indicator of cell growth, the DPPH assay, and the brine shrimp lethality assay, respectively.. AB - The antibacterial and free radical scavenging activity, and the general toxicity of two diarylheptanoids, hirsutanolol (1) and oregonin (2), and a flavonoid, genkwanin (3), isolated from the methanol extract of the seeds of Alnus glutinosa, were assessed by the 96 well-based serial dilution antibacterial assay using resazurin ...
Diarylheptanoids from the barks of Alnus viridis ssp. viridis (green alder) and Alnus glutinosa (black alder) were explored for anti-quorum sensing activity. Chemicals with anti-quorum sensing activity have recently been examined for antimicrobial applications. The anti-quorum sensing activity of the selected diarylheptanoids was determined using two biosensors, namely Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and Chromobacterium violaceum CV026. Although all of the investigated compounds negatively influenced the motility of P. aeruginosa PAO1, four were able to inhibit biofilm formation of this human opportunistic pathogen for 40-70%. Three of the diarylheptanoids (3, 4, and 5) negatively influenced the biosynthesis of pyocyanin, which is under the control of quorum sensing. Platyphyllenone (7) and hirsutenone (5) were able to inhibit the biosynthesis of violacein in C. violaceum CV026, with 5 being able to inhibit the synthesis of both biopigments. Only one of the tested diarylheptanoids (1) was ...shown ...
Background Recent climatic history has strongly impacted plant populations, but little is known about its effect on microbes. Alders, which host few and specific symbionts, have high genetic diversity in glacial refugia. Here, we tested the prediction that communities of root symbionts survived in refugia with their host populations. We expected to detect endemic symbionts and a higher species richness in refugia as compared to recolonized areas. Methods We sampled ectomycorrhizal (EM) root tips and the nitrogen-fixing actinomycete Frankia communities in eight sites colonized by Alnus glutinosa subsp. barbata close to the Caucasus in Georgia. Three sites were located in the Colchis, one major Eurasian climatic refugia for Arcto-Tertiary flora and alders, and five sites were located in the recolonized zone. Endemic symbionts and plant ITS variants were detected by comparing sequences to published data from Europe and another Tertiary refugium, the Hyrcanian forest. Species richness and community
This week we take a look at another invaluable native tree species ~ Alnus glutinosa (Alder). Flowering in spring, with seed ripening in autumn, alder is a common sight in marsh and fen areas, alongside lakes and in wet areas of woods.
Trees belonging to the Casuarinaceae and Betulaceae families play an important ecological role and are useful tools in forestry for degraded land rehabilitation and reforestation. These functions are linked to their capacity to establish symbiotic relationships with a nitrogen-fixing soil bacterium of the genus Frankia. However, the molecular mechanisms controlling the establishment of these symbioses are poorly understood. The aim of this work was to identify potential transcription factors involved in the establishment and functioning of actinorhizal symbioses. We identified 202 putative transcription factors by in silico analysis in 40 families in Casuarina glauca (Casuarinaceae) and 195 in 35 families in Alnus glutinosa (Betulaceae) EST databases. Based on published transcriptome datasets and quantitative PCR analysis, we found that 39% and 26% of these transcription factors were regulated during C. glauca and A. glutinosa-Frankia interactions, respectively. Phylogenetic studies confirmed the
The North Eastern region of India is undergoing industrial development at a faster rate than expected. Roads form the main system of transportation and communication owing to the hilly topography of the region. Automobiles discharge a number of gaseous and trace metal contaminants. Human activities like stone grinding, road construction and sand milling also increase the atmospheric dust and heavy metal contaminant level. These contaminants get settled on leaf surfaces at roadsides and enter in contact with phylloplane microorganisms. This study compares microorganisms on leaf surfaces of alder (Alnus nepalensis (Betulaceae)) on roadside and non-roadside environments. Two sites dominated by alder were selected. One at a busy road intersection on the National Highway no. 44 in Shillong with high traffic density (8000-9000 heavy vehicles/day), taken as the polluted site and the other one in a forest approximately 500 m away from the roadside considered as the unpolluted site. Analysis of ...
The aim of this study was to assess how higher soil temperatures and increased nitrogen (N) availability, mediated by the N-2 fixation of different Alnus species, affect soil nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. We measured rates of N2O emission in situ under non-N-2-fixing tree species or grassland (controls) and under Alnus species by the closed chamber technique along a temperature gradient of 5.7K from the lowlands to the upper montane belt in Switzerland. Similar soil conditions and representative tree and bush taxa at a given elevation were a key prerequisite for the site selection. Across the 12 test plots, and irrespective of the elevation, N2O emissions were on average 12-fold larger in Alnus stands than in non-N-2-fixing vegetation. The mean emission was 1.30.2kgN(2)O-Nha(-1) under Alnus and 0.10.1kgN(2)O-Nha(-1) under non-N-2-fixing vegetation from mid-June to mid-October. The largest rates of emission were observed in Alnus viridis (Chaix.) D.C. shrubland at 1680m a.s.l. (mid-elevation), ...
Alnus glutinosa (black or common alder): up to 700m above sea level, especially on moist sites (stream banks, ditches, forest mires).. Alnus viridis (Green Alder): shrub, subalpine to montane (predominantly at timber line) on silicate soils with ample surface water supply, superseding Pinus mugo (which grows at similar elevations on limestone). Alnus incana (grey or speckled alder): widespread, but absent in Western Europe, used for reforestation and stabilization of slopes and embankments, blooms February to March - usually a bit earlier than black alder.. Alnus x spaethii: the product of a hybridisation, the source of pollen up to two months before other alder species in European cities where it is planted (for example, Christmas hay fever in parts of Switzerland) ...
Alnus glutinosa (black or common alder): up to 700m above sea level, especially on moist sites (stream banks, ditches, forest mires).. Alnus viridis (Green Alder): shrub, subalpine to montane (predominantly at timber line) on silicate soils with ample surface water supply, superseding Pinus mugo (which grows at similar elevations on limestone). Alnus incana (grey or speckled alder): widespread, but absent in Western Europe, used for reforestation and stabilization of slopes and embankments, blooms February to March - usually a bit earlier than black alder.. Alnus x spaethii: the product of a hybridisation, the source of pollen up to two months before other alder species in European cities where it is planted (for example, Christmas hay fever in parts of Switzerland) ...
Description from Flora of China. Trees or shrubs deciduous. Buds stalked with 2(or 3) scales or sessile with several overlapping scales. Leaves usually serrate or dentate, rarely incised or entire. Male inflorescence elongate, pendulous, cylindric, with numerous overlapping bracts, each bract subtending (3 or)4(or 5) bracteoles and 3 flowers; calyx 4-lobed; stamens (1-)4; anthers 2-loculed, thecae connate, apex glabrous. Female inflorescence 1, or 2-numerous in a raceme or panicle, ovoid or ellipsoid, conelike; bracts numerous, overlapping, woody, persistent, apex 5-lobulate, each bract subtending 2 flowers. Nutlets 2 in each bract axil, compressed, with membranous or papery wings. Fl. mainly spring, Alnus formosana and A. nepalensis autumn.. Three or more divergent subgroups (subgenera) of Alnus are often treated as separate genera (J. J. Furlow, J. Arnold Arbor. 71: 1-67. 1990). Various Alnus species are grown to protect dikes, some are valued for timber, and the roots have nodules with ...
Black alder trees are fast-growing, water-loving, highly adaptable, deciduous trees that hail from Europe. These trees have many uses in the home landscape and a number of qualities that make them highly attractive. Learn more in this article.
Methane (CH4) is an important greenhouse gas that is predominantly emitted to the atmosphere from anoxic wetland ecosystems. Understanding the sources and emissions of CH4 is crucially important for climate change predictions; however, there are significant discrepancies between CH4 source estimates derived via so-called bottom-up and top-down methods. Here we report CH4 emission from the stems of mature wetland alder (Alnus glutinosa) trees in the UK, a common tree of northern hemisphere floodplains and wetlands. The alder stems most likely behave as conduits for soil-produced CH4 either in the gaseous or aqueous phase, and may, therefore, help to reconcile methodological differences in the way the wetland CH4 source is estimated. Alder tree stems emitted average peak CH4 fluxes of 101 μg CH4 m−2 h−1 (on a stem area basis) in early October, a rate that is similar to that obtained from mature Japanese ash (Fraxinus mandshurica var. japonica) in Japan and amounting to approximately 20% of ...
A pot experiment with Alnus incana(L.) Moench growing in sand was set up to compare the amounts of nitrogen released from plants shoot litter with that released below ground as root litter and/or...
Álvarez-Valle H. 1956. Estudio forestal del Jaúl (Alnus jorullensis HBK) en Costa Rica. MSc. Thesis, Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias Agrícolas, Costa Rica. Araujo P, Iturre M, 2006. Ordenación de bosques irregulares. Facultad de Ciencias Forestales. Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estereo. ISBN: 978-987-1676-39-2. Calderón M. 2007. Extracción y caracterización fisicoquímica del extracto colorante de la corteza de Aliso común (Alnus jorullensis Humboldt, Bonpland & Kunth), proveniente de San Lucas Sacatepéquez Guatemala. MSc. Thesis, Universidad de San Carlos, Guatemala. Carranza E, Madrigal X. 1995. Betulaceae. Flora del Bajío y de regiones adyacentes Fascículo 39, Instituto de Ecología, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad y Coordinación de la Investigación Científica de la Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, México. Chapela F. 2012. Estado de los bosques en México. Consejo Civil ...
Cardiovascular System Support: Black Alder is a robust pioneering tree. It colonizes along the rivers edge and protects surrounding trees from excess humidity with its radicular tuberosities . The use of Black Alder in Phytotherapy primarily relates to the cardiovascular system. Black Alder also acts on the respiratory system and is especially important for ear, nose and throat health. It also has a role in the cerebral, digestive, musculoskeletal and urogenital systems.*Phytoembryotherapy: Phytoembryotherapy is a branch of phytotherapy that specifically incorporates plant embryological tissues (buds, young shoots, etc.) containing plant meristem cells, undifferentiated, fast dividing cells which contain the plants genetic blueprint and material.Rich In Beneficial Phytonutrients: These embryonic tissues are rich in beneficial phyto-nutrients including: growth factors and plant hormones, enzymes, nucleic acids, oligoelements, and phytonutrients such as polyphenols and flavonoids. These embryological
This calendar shows when specific trees are flowering (in the Netherlands). The calendar is video-based. Every tree is explained by a short video. Corylus aveilana Alnus incana Alnus glutinosa Salix viminalis Taxus Bacatta Populus x more Carpinus Betulus Betula pendula more information ,, Fagus sylvatica Quercus robur […]. ...
Abstract. In Arctic ecosystems, increasing temperatures are driving the expansion of nitrogen (N) fixing shrubs across tundra landscapes. The implications of this expansion to the biogeochemistry of Arctic ecosystems is of critical importance, yet many details about the form, location, and availability of N from these shrubs remain unknown. To address this knowledge gap, the spatiotemporal variability of nitrate (NO3−) and its environmental and edaphic controls were investigated at an alder (Alnus viridis spp. fruticosa) dominated permafrost tundra landscape in the Seward Peninsula, Alaska, USA. Soil pore water was collected from locations within alder shrubland growing along a well-drained hillslope and compared to soil pore water collected from locations outside (upslope, downslope, and between) the alder shrubland. δ15N and δ18O of soil pore water were consistent with the predicted range of NO3− produced through microbial degradation of N-rich alder shrub organic matter. Soil pore water ...
Nitrogen incorporation from red alder (Alnus rubra Bong.) into an Oregon upland mesic forest soil was studied by tracing the fate of 15N added as 15N-labeled alder leaf litter. The recovery of 15N in vegetation, litter, light- and heavy-fractions of the soil, the chloroform-labile (microbial biomass) pool, and the whole soil were investigated after a 21-month field incubation of the labeled litter. 15N abundances well in excess of normal values were measured in vegetation growing in the plots, perhaps 3% of the 15N excess initially added. Additionally, the recovery of initial 15N after 21 months was 31% in remaining litter, 34% in the upper 5 cm of soil, and 4% in the 5-15 cm depth class. Alder litter had lost 78% of its mass, 77% of the total initial N (14N + 15N), and 64% of the initial 15N. 15N recovery was higher in the light fraction than in the heavy fraction. The soil heavy fraction accounted for 77 to 88% of the total soil N; however, the concentration of N in the light fraction was 3.5 ...
Habit: fast-growing, multi-stemmed deciduous shrub usually forming dense thickets. The bark is thin, smooth, and reddish brown turning dark gray with age. Leaves are shiny green with a slightly sticky underside and edges with fine long pointed teeth. Male catkins form on the tips of branches drooping about 4 in (10 cm). On the same twig the female cone-like catkins bloom from late spring to mid-summer. The seeds are surrounded by papery wings. Sitka alder has a shallow root system.. Ecology: sitka alder can be found along streams, in damp woods, and on moist mountain slopes where the soil remains moist all year. It grows at middle elevations 1640 ft (500m) but prefers the moist cool sites of higher elevations 3000-7000 ft (914-2134 m). Establishes well in disturbed areas, such as avalanche chutes, and places recently glaciated.. Growing Conditions: full sun to partial shade, moist to wet soil. It is moderately shade tolerant.. Sitka alder has the ability to fix nitrogen, increasing fertility of ...
Alder also announced it entered into a definitive preferred stock purchase agreement with certain institutional and other accredited investors affiliated with or managed by Redmile Group LLC.. Under the terms of the agreement, the investors have committed to purchase up to $250 million of non-voting Class A Preferred Stock during the three-year term of the agreement, with an initial purchase of $100 million of Class A Preferred Stock, said Alder.. Purchases are subject to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions. Each share of Class A Preferred Stock is convertible into ten shares of Alders common stock upon certain conditions.. Alder intends to use the net proceeds from the financing to fund payments under Alders European patent settlement and global license agreement with Teva Pharmaceuticals International GmbH announced today, eptinezumab infusion commercialization-readiness activities, and for working capital and general corporate purposes.. ...
Rubus nepalensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
Core competence of other disciplines are as well as cooperations with partners from science and industry essential to realize our projects and services in order to grant the best possible and innovative pollen information on a scientific basis. High-quality services, which we want to provide for free, are in need of different partnerships. We pay special attention to the preservation of our independence and objectivity and not to face our users with direct advertising.. ...
Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Red Alder. List of various diseases cured by Red Alder. How Red Alder is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Names of Red Alder in various languages of the world are also given.
In Pokémon Black and White, Alder appears as the Champion of Unova. The player first meets him on Route 5, where he is seen with Cheren, whom he is telling what is important about being a Champion. He appears at several points in the game to help the player put a stop to the plans of Team Plasma, Ghetsis and N. During the first time the player challenges the Pokémon League, Alder battles N but is defeated, so the player battles N instead. In the past, Alders starter Pokémon died of illness, and in despair over not being able to save it, he began traveling around aimlessly. Before his partners death, the two of them madly pursued strength, much in the way of Cheren. The identity of this Pokémon is never mentioned. However, it seems its death changed the way Alder looks at life. Also, Ghetsiss dialogue suggests that he may not have actually won the title of Champion, instead being requested by the Pokémon League to take the position. ...
1. Leaf blades all very broadly rounded to truncate or notched at apex, obovate to suborbicular in outline; plant an erect, usually single-trunked tree spread from cultivation.. A. glutinosa. 1. Leaf blades all or mostly acute (barely obtuse) to short-acuminate at apex, roughly ovate to elliptic in outline; tall native shrub, usually many-stemmed.. 2. Staminate aments expanding to maturity in early spring, before the leaves begin to open; filaments almost fully adnate to the perianth, the anthers appearing sessile; leaves not glutinous, both finely serrate and more coarsely dentate or obscurely lobed, the appearance being one of teeth quite varying in size and regularity; nut not winged at maturity (but so thin when immature as sometimes to be misleading).. A. incana. 2. Staminate aments expanding at the same time as the leaves; filaments free, ca. 0.5-1 mm long; leaves glutinous (with shiny sticky dots and veinlets) especially beneath and when young, finely and regularly serrate but not ...
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 19:441-450...Fuyuko Sasakura , 1 Toshiki Uchiumi , 2 Yoshikazu Shimoda , 3 Akihiro Suzuki , 4 Katsumi Takenouchi , 1 Shiro Higashi , 2 and Mikiko Abe 2...© 2006 The American Phytopathological Society...
Flora of China Editorial Committee. 1999. Flora of China (Cycadaceae through Fagaceae). 4: 1-453. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis ...
Alnus tenuifolia is a deciduous tree 15-20 m (49-66 ft) tall with smooth grey bark even in old age, its life span being a maximum of 60 to 100 years. The leaves are matte green, ovoid, 5-11 cm (2.0-4.3 in) long and 4-8 cm (1.6-3.1 in) broad. The flowers are catkins, appearing early in spring before the leaves emerge, the male catkins pendulous and 5-10 cm (2-4 in) long, the female catkins 1.5 cm (0.6 in) long and one cm broad when mature in late autumn. The seeds are small, 1-2 mm (0.04-0.08 in) long, and light brown with a narrow encircling wing. The grey alder has a shallow root system, and is marked not only by vigorous production of stump suckers, but also by root suckers, especially in the northern parts of its range. The wood resembles that of the black alder, but is somewhat paler and of little economic value.. It is in flower in March, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) ...
I discovered Smooth Alder, Alnus serrulata, along the shore, one after another until I realized that this bush was all over the place! Id been walking right by it without noticing the catkins or cones. Its a beauty, isnt it ...
We made a list of all the plants that we are currently growing in our container garden. Some of the plants we brought with us from our old garden. Included in these are a number of plants that we raised from seed. When growing plants from seed, each one is genetically distinct from the others. Although the majority will usually look quite similar when growing trees such as birch or alder, occasionally one can be pleasantly surprised. In 2006 we sowed seed of Betula albosinensis and an unusual alder, Alnus fruticosa. We potted up the germinated seeds and after a few years some plants were planted in the garden. From each of the two species, we got one individual amongst the seedlings which displayed characteristics remarkably different from the rest of their seedling batch; dwarf bushy plants! In the case of the Birch, after nine years our selected plant now measures less than 1 meter and has a bushy habit, all other plants grew much taller and average about 3 meters or more. From the alders only ...
Notice to Investors The tender offer (the Offer) for the outstanding common stock of Alder referred to in this company communication has not yet commenced. The description contained in this communication is neither an offer to purchase nor a solicitation of an offer to sell any securities, nor is it a substitute for the tender offer materials that Lundbeck and Purchaser will file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC). The solicitation and offer to buy the common stock of Alder will only be made pursuant to an offer to purchase and related tender offer materials. At the time the Offer is commenced, Lundbeck will file a tender offer statement on Schedule TO and thereafter Alder will file a solicitation/recommendation statement on Schedule 14D-9 with the SEC with respect to the Offer. THE TENDER OFFER MATERIALS (INCLUDING AN OFFER TO PURCHASE, A RELATED LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL AND CERTAIN OTHER OFFER DOCUMENTS) AND THE SOLICITATION/ RECOMMENDATION STATEMENT ON SCHEDULE 14D-9 WILL ...
Healing Herb Info is dedicated to bringing its users all the information they need to make an informed decision about using a natural, herbal remedy.
Looking for a low maintenance, deer resistant, perennial shrub that can be grown in sun or shade? Consider Fothergilla (also known as witch alder). Witch alder, unlike its better known cousin witch hazel, is not grown for medicinal uses but...
Think you might have alder allergy? Test for 294 allergens including alder with our easy to use home-based test. Read more and get tested here ||
Dr Joanna (Asia) Alder. Associate Lecturer and The Futures Award Coordinator. Joanna Alder, Dr Joanna Alder, Dr. Joanna Alder, Asia Alder, Dr. Asia Alder, tourism in Poland, migrants, Derby, migrants in Derby, Polish community in Derby ...
The alder fly hatch is a massive hatch on the upper Androscoggin. It draws a large number of fish (and, occasionally, some monsters) up to the surface. Ive missed this event over the last two years because of conflicts in my schedule. However, this year I was fortunate to find a day off during the hatch.. I arose early on July 4th with nervous anticipation to make the three-hour drive up north. My excitement grew as I geared up at Spot A and saw large numbers of alder flies everywhere without sight of another angler.. However, it soon died down, as the fishing was very slow. I threw dries and nymphs, but only managed one fallfish over three hours. I feared that my Androscoggin Curse would never lift. Eventually, I walked back to my car for lunch at high noon, scorched and dejected. Before I left, I decided that I would try one more spot.. My expectations were low as I geared up at Spot B, for fishing at high noon on a hot summer day spells the end to all fishing at large rivers. However, a ...
Source: http://www.nasdaq.com/ (RTTNews.com) - Alder BioPharmaceuticals, Inc. (ALDER) announced positive top-line data from two clinical trials evaluating
Several people have written me asking for more information on using Alder as a lymphatic. So I wanted to do two things here, one is to specify the exact preparation I have been using, and secondly to list my original sources that suggested Alder as a lymphatic, as I think the references are rather obscure…
Several people have written me asking for more information on using Alder as a lymphatic. So I wanted to do two things here, one is to specify the exact preparation I have been using, and secondly to list my original sources that suggested Alder as a lymphatic, as I think the references are rather obscure…
In a recent survey undertaken by Alder Training, employers in the Health & Social Care sector have commented on the high level of support and the quality of training delivered by Alder Training. Comments included: , read more. ...
Laila Jafri, Samreen Saleem, Ihsan-ul-Haq, Nazif Ullah, Tamara P. Kondrytuk, John M. Pezzuto and Bushra Mirza (2014) Hedra nepalensis: a novel source of natural cancer chemopreventive and anticancerous compounds in process of (in Process of Submission) Laila Jafri, Samreen Saleem, Ihsan-ul-Haq, Nazif Ullah and Bushra Mirza (2014). In vitro assessment of antioxidant potential and determination of polyphenolic compounds of Hedera nepalensis K. Koch. Arabian Journal of Chemistry. DOI: 10.1016/j.arabjc.2014.05.002.. Nazif Ullah, Ihsan-ul-Haq, Naila Safdar and Bushra Mirza (2013), Physiological and Biochemical Mechanisms of Allelopathy Mediated by the Allelochemical Extracts of Phytolacca latbenia (Moq.) H. Walter, Toxicology and Industrial Health. DOI: 10.1177/0748233713483205.. Nazif Ullah, Ihsan-ul Haq, Bushra Mirza (2013), Phytotoxicity evaluation and phytochemical analysis of three medicinally important plants from Pakistan. Toxicology and Industrial Health. DOI: 10.1177/0748233712472527.. Naila ...
Laila Jafri, Samreen Saleem, Ihsan-ul-Haq, Nazif Ullah, Tamara P. Kondrytuk, John M. Pezzuto and Bushra Mirza (2014) Hedra nepalensis: a novel source of natural cancer chemopreventive and anticancerous compounds in process of (in Process of Submission) Laila Jafri, Samreen Saleem, Ihsan-ul-Haq, Nazif Ullah and Bushra Mirza (2014). In vitro assessment of antioxidant potential and determination of polyphenolic compounds of Hedera nepalensis K. Koch. Arabian Journal of Chemistry. DOI: 10.1016/j.arabjc.2014.05.002.. Nazif Ullah, Ihsan-ul-Haq, Naila Safdar and Bushra Mirza (2013), Physiological and Biochemical Mechanisms of Allelopathy Mediated by the Allelochemical Extracts of Phytolacca latbenia (Moq.) H. Walter, Toxicology and Industrial Health. DOI: 10.1177/0748233713483205.. Nazif Ullah, Ihsan-ul Haq, Bushra Mirza (2013), Phytotoxicity evaluation and phytochemical analysis of three medicinally important plants from Pakistan. Toxicology and Industrial Health. DOI: 10.1177/0748233712472527.. Naila ...
1. For any mistake in identification or for becoming efloraofindia e-group member (for contributing towards building of efloraofindia or otherwise), pl. mail to [email protected] or [email protected] 2. For better viewing of species pages, colour scheme & formatting is being followed as: Description of the species, Details of other flora species on the same page, Uses/ harms, Distribution, Abundance/ Location/ Flowering time & date, Habit & habitat, Etymology & pronunciation, Other interesting information, stories etc., Others, Botanical names, Common names, Main point of discussion below, Discussion about Botanical names.. ...
Though less often seen in garden centres Miscanthus nepalensis is a treasure to be sought after and cherished. Evocatively named, Himalayan Fairy Grass, this is a far from common ornamental grass and if treated with respect grows well in many UK gardens. Specimen One Here in a neighbours well tended garden Miscanthus nepalensis looks regal…
Lactarius glyciosmus. [ Basidiomycota > Russulales > Russulaceae > Lactarius . . . ]. by Michael Kuo. Lactarius glyciosmus is a drab little mushroom, but two things make it pretty easy to identify: it is mycorrhizal with birch, and it smells like coconuts. On the West Coast Lactarius glyciosmus might be confused with Lactarius cocosiolens, which also smells like coconuts but features a slimy brownish orange cap and appears in coastal, birch-less forests. Whether or not our North American version of Lactarius glyciosmus is the same as the original, European species (first described by Fries in 1818), has not been established.. Thanks to the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago for facilitating study of the Lactarius glyciosmus collection cited below.. Description:. Ecology: Mycorrhizal with paper birch (possibly also with other birches); also reported with alder; growing alone, scattered, or gregariously; late summer and fall; widely distributed in North America wherever the host trees ...
Craneflies of the genus Lipsothrix inhabit decomposing wood in streams. The life cycles and ecological relationships of L. nigrilinea (Doane) and L. fenderi Alexander were investigated to determine how they exploit and respond to the wood habitat and their role in degradation of woody debris in western Oregon. Surveys of the western states and provinces provided data on geographical distribution of the four western species, and a key is given to the five species known from America north of Mexico. The non-adult stages are spent within single logs, primarily red alder (Alnus rubra), in headwater streams where disturbance by abrasion is minimized. The two species are sympatric in soft logs in constant contact with water. L. fenderi larvae are found in a wider variety of wood types, including harder wood, other species of wood, and in marginal habitats in which they are more susceptible to desiccation and interactions with the semi-terrestrial community. Habitat selection may relate to the ...
Wingspan 18-20 mm.. This moth flies at dusk and at night from late June, into July. By day it rests in trees and tall bushes in Oak woodland. It has a distinctive broad reddish area in the middle of the forewing.. Distributed rather locally through England and Wales, it also occurs in Ireland. The larvae feed on a range of trees, including oak (Quercus) and alder (Alnus), usually within a folded leaf. ...
Analysis of plant and soil components of an alder (Alnus rugosa [Du Roi] Spreng.) community that had invaded the bed of an abandoned mill pond showed an average annual N accretion of about 85 kg/ha. Most (93%) of the N in the ecosystem was found in the soil and there was a strong correlation between soil moisture content and N concentration. This may have resulted in part from more favorable condi ...
uuid: e4ad4307-37a1-4183-beec-921ec07a361c, type: records, etag: 6cb890cbdb5221e54b3677b2174a3b0f4be4b3a9, data: { dwc:startDayOfYear: 211, dwc:specificEpithet: ilicina, dwc:kingdom: Fungi, dwc:recordedBy: I.M. Brodo; W.B. Schofield, dwc:order: Arthoniales, dwc:habitat: along a shallow stream and shore in Thuja-Alnus forest; at edge of beach; Alnus sinuata, dwc:scientificNameAuthorship: Taylor, dwc:occurrenceID: e4ad4307-37a1-4183-beec-921ec07a361c, id: 69977, dwc:stateProvince: British Columbia, dwc:eventDate: 1967-07-30, dwc:collectionID: ca9232e9-9401-4c90-9845-d00fe37f0ac2, dwc:country: Canada, idigbio:recordId: urn:uuid:e4ad4307-37a1-4183-beec-921ec07a361c, dwc:decimalLatitude: 53.6333333, dwc:basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimen, dwc:genus: Arthonia, dwc:family: Arthoniaceae, dc:rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/, dwc:identifiedBy: T.L. Esslinger: Checklist of North America, 2001, ...
uuid: 896cdc81-8464-4055-8ea8-bbd375a31341, type: records, etag: a56171bb4f72e07f8c56a671b41760157d70cbe8, data: { dwc:specificEpithet: hemisphaericum, dwc:county: Flathead, dwc:recordedBy: Harold Goree, dwc:georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2015-04-23; GeoLocate, dwc:order: Caliciales, dwc:habitat: on trunks and branches of Alnus, usually living trees, dwc:scientificNameAuthorship: G.E. Howard, dwc:occurrenceID: 64c630c6-0f6e-4e6e-8697-46876f526fbb, dwc:dateIdentified: 1967, id: 1607122, dwc:stateProvince: Montana, dwc:eventDate: 1885-02-00, dwc:collectionID: ef6d1fd7-8440-4e2d-bccf-85feddb1c08c, dwc:institutionCode: COLO, dwc:country: United States, idigbio:recordId: urn:uuid:64c630c6-0f6e-4e6e-8697-46876f526fbb, dwc:georeferenceRemarks: pattern: Red Meadow Creek; manually moved to intersection of creek and road, symbiota:recordEnteredBy: tnash, dwc:kingdom: Fungi, dwc:decimalLatitude: 48.805192, ...
Alnus; Betula; Carpinus betulus; Castanea sativa; Fagus sylvatica; Sorbus; and several species of lime tree (Tilia cordata, ...
Broad beans (Amharic: baqella) are one of the most popular legumes in Ethiopia. They are tightly coupled with every aspect of Ethiopian life. They are mainly used as an alternative to peas to prepare a flour called shiro, which is used to make shiro wot (a stew almost ubiquitous in Ethiopian dishes). During the fasting period in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church tradition called Tsome Filliseta, Tsome arbeå, Tsome Tahsas, and Tsome Hawaria (which are in August, end of February-April, mid-November-beginning of January and June-July), two uncooked spicy vegetable dishes are made using broad beans. The first is Hilibet, a thin, white paste of broad bean flour mixed with pieces of onion, green pepper, garlic, and other spices based on personal taste. The second is siljo, a fermented, sour, spicy thin yellow paste of broad bean flour. Both are served with other stews and injera (a pancake-like bread) during lunch and dinner. Baqella nifro (boiled broad beans) are eaten as a snack during some holidays ...
Determining that a tree is a spruce is not difficult; evergreen needles that are more or less quadrangled, and especially the pulvinus, give it away. Beyond that, determination can become more difficult. Intensive sampling in the Smithers/Hazelton/Houston area of British Columbia showed Douglas (1975),[10] according to Coates et al. (1994),[11] that cone scale morphology was the feature most useful in differentiating species of spruce; the length, width, length: width ratio, the length of free scale (the distance from the imprint of the seed wing to the tip of the scale), and the percentage free scale (length of free scale as a percentage of the total length of the scale) were most useful in this regard. Daubenmire (1974),[12] after range-wide sampling, had already recognized the importance of the 2 latter characters. Taylor (1959)[13] had noted that the most obvious morphological difference between typical Picea glauca and typical P. engelmannii was the cone scale, and Horton ...
They differ from the alders (Alnus, other genus in the family) in that the female catkins are not woody and disintegrate at ...
In the past, the family was often divided into two families, Betulaceae (Alnus, Betula) and Corylaceae (the rest). Recent ...
Christians have traditionally used wine during worship services as a means of remembering the blood of Jesus Christ which was shed for the remission of sins. Christians who oppose the partaking of alcoholic beverages sometimes use grape juice or water as the "cup" or "wine" in the Lord's Supper.[39] The Catholic Church continues to use wine in the celebration of the Eucharist because it is part of the tradition passed down through the ages starting with Jesus Christ at the Last Supper, where Catholics believe the consecrated bread and wine literally become the body and blood of Jesus Christ, a dogma known as transubstantiation.[40] Wine is used (not grape juice) both due to its strong Scriptural roots, and also to follow the tradition set by the early Christian Church.[41] The Code of Canon Law of the Catholic Church (1983), Canon 924 says that the wine used must be natural, made from grapes of the vine, and not corrupt.[42] In some circumstances, a priest may obtain special permission to use ...
Quebracho produces tannins that can be extracted in quebracho sawmills from the heartwood of both red (Schinopsis lorentzii)[3] and white quebracho (Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco). Logs are inserted into planers to produce chips that are used to produce the quebracho extract by boiling them in vats.[4] It is used for fine leather tanning and imparts a red-brown color. Ordinary or warm soluble quebracho (also known as insoluble Quebracho) is the natural extract obtained directly from the quebracho wood. This type of extract is rich in condensed tannins of natural high molecular weight (phlobaphenes), which are not easily soluble. Its use is therefore limited to addition of small amounts during the process of tanning leather intended for shoe soles in hot liquids (temperature above 35 °C) to improve the yield and the water-proofness of the leather. The cold soluble extracts are obtained by subjecting the ordinary extract to a sulphiting process which transforms the phlobaphenes into completely ...
... and those that arise from symbiotic interactions with Actinobacteria Frankia in some plant genera such as Alnus, vary ...
"Alnus Peak". BC Geographical Names. "Ross Cox, Mount". BC Geographical Names. "Mallard Peak". BC Geographical Names. "Scott, ...
The caterpillars feed on a number of deciduous trees.(Quercus sp., Alnus sp., Prunus sp., Salix sp., Tilia sp., Malus sp., ...
The buds of many woody plants, especially in temperate or cold climates, are protected by a covering of modified leaves called scales which tightly enclose the more delicate parts of the bud. Many bud scales are covered by a gummy substance which serves as added protection. When the bud develops, the scales may enlarge somewhat but usually just drop off, leaving a series of horizontally-elongated scars on the surface of the growing stem. By means of these scars one can determine the age of any young branch, since each year's growth ends in the formation of a bud, the formation of which produces an additional group of bud scale scars. Continued growth of the branch causes these scars to be obliterated after a few years so that the total age of older branches cannot be determined by this means. In many plants scales do not form over the bud, and the bud is then called a naked bud.[1] The minute underdeveloped leaves in such buds are often excessively hairy. Naked buds are found in some shrubs, ...
Alnus incana (ament) Determinate or cymose[edit]. Determinate simple inflorescences are generally called cymose. The main kind ...
... and Alnus spp. Additionally, Przewalski horses may dig for Festuca spp., Bromus inermis and Elymus repens that grow beneath the ...
Subalpine vegetation belt, 1,400- 1,600 m to 2,100 m (only northern slopes); Alnus viridis ssp. suaveolens, Acer pseudoplatanus ...
Alnus incana subsp. tenuifolia - the grey alder or thinleaf alder, native to western North America. This page is an index of ... Mountain alder is a common name for two different alders: Alnus alnobetula subsp. crispa - the green alder, native to western ...
"Alder - Alnus glutinosa". Conservation Volunteers Northern Ireland. Retrieved 6 August 2011. Standish, Dominic (2003). " ...
Alnus incana subsp. tenuifolia (thinleaf alder), bark used to dye deerskin reddish brown. Amaranthus blitoides (mat amaranth), ...
and Alnus sp. This species can be found in Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Surinam, United ...
In winter the horses eat Salix spp., Pyrus communis, Malus sylvatica, Pinus sylvestris, Rosa spp., and Alnus spp. Additionally ...
compactum); Japanese rose (Rosa rugosa); alder (Alnus glutinosa); sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides); wood sage (Teucreum ...
Betulaceae Alnus sp. Betula luminifera aff. Carpinus miocenica Sapindaceae † Acer angustilobum † Acer tribolatum Anacardiaceae ...
Nepalese alder (Alnus nepalensis), a pioneer tree species, grows gregariously and forms pure patches of forests on newly ... Alnus nepalensis forests; Schima wallichii-Castanopsis indica hygrophile forest; Schima-Pinus forest; Pinus roxburghii forests ... Alnus nepalensis), marlberry (Ardisia thyrsiflora), holly (Ilex spp), Macaranga pustulata, Trichilia cannoroides, hackberry ( ...
Subalpine vegetation belt, 1,400-1,600 metres (4,600-5,200 ft) to 2,100 metres (6,900 ft) (only northern slopes); Alnus viridis ...
Alnus henedae Sugim. Alnus hybrida Rchb. Alnus laciniata Ehrh. Alnus lobata Nyman Alnus microphylla Arv.-Touv. Alnus ... Flora Europaea: Alnus Flora of Bolivia: Alnus Flora of China: Alnus Flora of North America: Alnus Flora of Pakistan: Alnus. ... aschersoniana Callier Alnus × koehnei Callier Alnus × ljungeri Murai Alnus × purpusii Callier Alnus × silesiaca Fiek Alnus × ... Alnus dimitrovii Jordanov & Kitanov Alnus djavanshirii H.Zare - Iran Alnus dolichocarpa H.Zare, Amini & Assadi - Iran Alnus ...
Alder (Alnus sp.) Caucasian wing nut (Pterocarya pterocarpa), hybrid poplar (Populus), and long-stem oak (Quercus longipes) are ...
The Thinleaf alder (Alnus incana subsp. tenuifolia) Interior Alaska from Yukon River Valley west to mouth of Yukon River, south ... Alder Alnus spp. (cuukvaguaq sg cuukvaguak dual cuukvaguat pl, auguqsuli ~ auguqsuliq, caarilluk, caarin in Yup'ik and Cup'ik, ... The mountain alder or American green alder (Alnus viridis subsp. crispa) widely distributed in interior Alaska north to ...
Ageratum) Alnus spp. (Alder) Alyssum spp. (Alyssum) Althaea rosea (Hollyhock) (*) Amelanchier spp. (Serviceberry) Anemone spp ...
The hosts of L. warnieri are usually willow (Salix spp.), elm (Ulmus spp.), cottonwood (Populus spp.), alder (Alnus spp.) and ...
Alnus glutinosa (uk); Alnus glutinosa (fi); Alno nigra, Alnus glutinosa (eo); Alnus alnus, Alnus glutinosa (cs); Ontano nero, ... Alnus glutinosa (de); Вольха клейкая, Alnus glutinosa (be); Alnus glutinosa (bg); Rødel, Alnus glutinosa (da); Alnus glutinosa ... Betula alnus, Alnus barbata (az); must lepp (et); Клей лулпу, Alnus glutinosa (udm); عود أحمر (aeb-arab); Alnus glutinosa (vls ... Alnus glutinosa (gl); Grönal, Alnus glutinosa, Albark (sv); Olcha czarna, Alnus glutinosa (pl); Svart-or (nb); Alnus glutinosa ...
Alnus jorullensis (it); Alnus jorullensis (fr); Alnus jorullensis (is); Alnus jorullensis (ast); Alnus jorullensis (ru); Alnus ... Alnus jorullensis (bg); Alnus jorullensis (ro); Alnus jorullensis (vi); Alnus jorullensis (sv); Alnus jorullensis (az); Alnus ... Alnus jorullensis (uk); Alnus jorullensis (la); Alnus jorullensis (es); Мексикаысь лулпу (udm); Alnus jorullensis (ceb); Alnus ... Alnus acuminata var. jorullensis, Mexican alder, Alnus acuminata var jorullensis (es); Alnus jorullensis (udm); Alnus ...
Alnus acuminata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T32025A2808218. . Downloaded on 24 February 2018.. ... Alnus acuminata is a tree species widespread in Central and South America. This species has a wide distribution. There are some ... Alnus acuminata is a widespread montane species. It is more common in the higher elevations of Guatemala and Costa Rica than ... A stem borer (Scolytodes alni) has been reported to affect populations of Alnus acuminata in Costa Rica during the dry season ...
Alnus firma is a species of Alnus from Japan. "Alnus firma in Redlist". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.old-form url Media ... related to Alnus firma at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Alnus firma at Wikispecies v t e. ...
"Frangula alnus". Plants for a Future. Frangula alnus - information, genetic conservation units and related resources. European ... Both the common name alder buckthorn and specific epithet alnus refer to its association with alders (Alnus) on damp sites. ... Collins ISBN 0-00-220013-9. Flora Europaea: Frangula alnus Den virtuella floran: Frangula alnus (in Swedish, with detailed maps ... Frangula alnus was probably introduced to North America about 200 years ago, and in Canada about 100 years ago. It was planted ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Alnus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ...
Genus: Alnus. Subgenus: Alnus subg. Alnobetula Species: Alnus mandschurica Name[edit]. Alnus mandschurica (Callier) Hand.-Mazz. ... Alnus fruticosa var. rufinervis Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 16: 66 (1940).. *Alnus mandschurica var. pubescens (Nakai) A.I.Baranov in T ... Alnus mandschurica f. pubescens (Nakai) Kitag., Neolin. Fl. Manshur.: 212 (1979).. *Alnus mandschurica f. barbinervis (Nakai) W ... Alnus fruticosa f. barbinervis Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 16: 67 (1940).. *Alnus fruticosa var. pubescens Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 16: 66 ( ...
Genus: Alnus. Subgenus: A. subg. Alnus Species: Alnus serrulata Name[edit]. Alnus serrulata (Aiton) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: ... Alnus noveboracensis Britton, Torreya: 124 (1904).. *Alnus rugosa var. obtusifolia (Regel) H.J.P.Winkl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), ... Alnus oblongata (Aiton) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: 335 (1805).. *Alnus glutinosa var. oblongata (Aiton) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 550 ... Alnus latifolia Desf., Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3: 352 (1829).. *Alnus macrophylla Desf. ex Corrie, Millers Dict. Gard.: 157 ( ...
EXTRACT OF FRANGULA ALNUS, FRANGULA ALNUS (GLOSSY BUCKTHORN) BARK EXTRACT, FRANGULA ALNUS BARK EXTRACT, FRANGULA ALNUS EXTRACT ... Frangula Alnus Bark Extract is an extract of the dried bark of the buckthorn, Frangula alnus. ... FRANGULA ALNUS (GLOSSY BUCKTHORN) BARK EXTRACT. Click here for all products containing this ingredient ... BUCKTHORN (FRANGULA ALNUS) EXTRACT, BUCKTHORN EXTRACT, EXTRACT OF BUCKTHORN, ...
Green cuttings of Alnus incana(L.) Moench, consisting of one internode and one leaf with its axillary bud, were easily rooted ... Alnus incana Cuttings Growth chamber Nutrient solution Rooting This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check ... Green cuttings ofAlnus incana (L.) Moench, consisting of one internode and one leaf with its axillary bud, were easily rooted ... Huss-Danell, K. 1980 Nitrogen fixation and biomass production in clones ofAlnus incana. New Phytol.85, 503-511.Google Scholar ...
Taxonomy - Alnus glutinosa (European alder) (Betula alnus var. glutinosa) (SPECIES) Basket 0 ... Alnus. See also. › botanical.com. › delta-intkey.com. › dendro.cnre.vt.edu. › edis.ifas.ufl.edu. › keyserver.lucidcentral.org. ...
Scientific name: Alnus glutinosa. Pronunciation: AL-nus gloo-tih-N0-suh. Common name(s): Common alder, black alder, european ... Alnus glutinosa: Common Alder1. Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 ...
in the case of Alnus, bacteria (actinomycetes) in the genus Frankia. The leaves and bark are rich in tannins, so alders have ...
Alnus serrulata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft 9in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. The species is monoecious ( ... Alnus hirsuta. Tree. 18.0. 3-7 MH. SN. MWe. 0. 0. Alnus incana. Grey Alder, Speckled alder, Thinleaf alder, White Alder. Tree. ... Alnus glutinosa. Alder, European alder , Common Alder, Black Alder. Tree. 25.0. 3-7 F. MH. SN. MWe. 0. 3. 5. ... Alnus serrulata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft 9in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. The species is monoecious ( ...
mainly spring, Alnus formosana and A. nepalensis autumn.. Three or more divergent subgroups (subgenera) of Alnus are often ... Alnus Mill. 桤木属 Description from Flora of China. Trees or shrubs deciduous. Buds stalked with 2(or 3) scales or sessile with ... Various Alnus species are grown to protect dikes, some are valued for timber, and the roots have nodules with nitrogen-fixing ...
Alnus viridis. £6.00. Green alder. A medium shrub to 2.5 m (8 ft) high. Like other alders, it is an excellent nitrogen-fixer. ...
Core competence of other disciplines are as well as cooperations with partners from science and industry essential to realize our projects and services in order to grant the best possible and innovative pollen information on a scientific basis. High-quality services, which we want to provide for free, are in need of different partnerships. We pay special attention to the preservation of our independence and objectivity and not to face our users with direct advertising.. ...
Five age series stands of Alnus nepalensisD. Don monocultures have been selected from the Pankhasari range of the Kalimpong ... Age series plantations Alnus nepalensis Eastern Himalayas Soil nutrients Soil properties This is a preview of subscription ... Five age series stands ofAlnus nepalensis D. Don monocultures have been selected from the Pankhasari range of the Kalimpong ... Sharma Eklabya and Ambasht R S 1984 Seasonal variation in nitrogen fixation by different ages of root nodules ofAlnus ...
... a new record from Alnus leaf litter submerged in freshwater. The degradation of nicosulfuron by P. cucumerina AR1 was achieved ... a new record from Alnus leaf litter submerged in freshwater. The degradation of nicosulfuron by P. cucumerina AR1 was achieved ... Alnus leaves and commercial wood-sticks (hazel wood) were macerated overnight in sterile water before being cut in 1 cm2 ... Nicosulfuron Degradation by an Ascomycete Fungus Isolated From Submerged Alnus Leaf Litter. Louis Carles1, Florent Rossi1, ...
Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Alnus hirsuta (Betulaceae) in Korea * * Huh Man Kyu HUH Man Kyu ... Genetic Variation of Alnus trabeculosa Populations in Japan : Miyamoto Naoko , Kuramoto Noritsugu , Hoshi Hiroshi ... Spatial distribution of genetic individuals in thickets of Alnus incana ssp. rugosa, a clonal shrub HUENNEKE L. F. ... Genetic differentiation among 22 mature populations of green alder (Alnus crispa) in Central Quebec. BOUSQUET J. ...
genus: !Alnus Mill. Other names with Alnus fruticosa var. mandshurica Callier ex C.K. Schneid. as basionym: Duschekia ... Alnus fruticosa var. mandshurica Callier ex C.K. Schneid. Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser Concept: Andean Bryophytes. Bolivia ... Home , Name Search , Alnus mandshurica (Callier ex C.K. Schneid.) Hand.-Mazz. ...
It was also grown at one time for making charcoal because the ground charcoal from F. alnus made the best gunpowder. ...
Alnus incana subsp. rugosa is very similar in appearance to Alnus serrulata (smooth alder or hazel alder). Rugosa means ... Alnus incana, commonly called European gray alder, is a large pyramidal tree that grows to 40-60 tall. It is native to Europe ... rugosa, synonymous with and formerly known as Alnus rugosa, is a fast-growing, thicket forming, deciduous, spreading small tree ...
The ectomycorrhizas of Lactarius cuspidoaurantiacus and Lactarius herrerae associated with Alnus acuminata in Central Mexico. ... AlnusBasidiomycotaCluster AnalysisDNA, FungalDNA, PlantDNA, Ribosomal SpacerMexicoMicroscopyMolecular Sequence DataMycorrhizae ... Two pure Alnus acuminata stands established in a montane forest in central Mexico (Puebla State) were monitored between 2010 ... The ectomycorrhizas of Lactarius cuspidoaurantiacus and Lactarius herrerae associated with Alnus acuminata in Central Mexico.. ...
Alnus rugosa Ab.IgG:ACnc:Pt:Ser:Qn. Known as: Smooth Alder IgG Qn, Alnus rugosa , Ab.IgG:ACnc:Pt:Siero:Qn, Alnus rugosa , IgG: ...
Klischies, Martina; Zenk, Meinhart H. (1978): Stereochemistry of C-methylation in the biosynthesis of rhododendrin in Alnus and ... Betula alba; Alnus glutinosa; Betulaceae; cinnamic acid pathway; C-methylation; stereochemistry; rhododendrin; phenylpropanoid ...
オオバヤシャブシ花粉症に合併する口腔アレルギー症候群 : 疫学調査ならびに花粉抗原との関係 [in Japanese] Oral allergy syndrome associated with Alnus sieboldiana Matumura ... EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDY OF ALNUS SIEBOLDIANA MATSUMURA (ALDER) POLLINOSIS
ALNUS RUBRA POLLEN (UNII: Z0F2YK1B7H) (ALNUS RUBRA POLLEN - UNII:Z0F2YK1B7H) ALNUS RUBRA POLLEN. 6 [hp_X] in 1 mL. ... ALNUS SERRULATA BARK (UNII: BQ5P19J9OL) (ALNUS SERRULATA BARK - UNII:BQ5P19J9OL) ALNUS SERRULATA BARK. 6 [hp_X] in 1 mL. ... ALNUS RHOMBIFOLIA POLLEN (UNII: 7X8HL8GRTM) (ALNUS RHOMBIFOLIA POLLEN - UNII:7X8HL8GRTM) ALNUS RHOMBIFOLIA POLLEN. 6 [hp_X] in ... 6X, 12X, 30X, Alder 6X, 12X, 30X, Ailanthus Glandulosus (Tree of Heaven) 6X, 12X, 30X, Alnus Serrulata (Red Alder) 6X, 12X, 30X ...
To understand the function of hemoglobin (Hb) in actinorhizal symbiosis, we characterized a Hb of Alnus firma, AfHb1. A cDNA ...
  • Alnus glutinosa lusus obtusifolia Regel , Nouv. (wikimedia.org)
  • Bajuk, L. A., Gordon, J. C. and Promnitz, L. C. 1978 Greenhouse evaluation of the growth potential of Alnus glutinosa clones. (springer.com)
  • Dawson, J. O., Quarrels, K. H., and Sun, S.-H. 1979 Infection of two promising Alnus glutinosa clones via crushed-nodule inocula and actinomycetous isolates of North American origin. (springer.com)
  • Gill, C. J. 1975 The ecological significance of adventitious rooting as a response to flooding in woody species, with special reference to Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. (springer.com)
  • Gordon, J. C. and Wheeler, C. T. 1978 Whole plant studies on photosynthesis and acetylene reduction in Alnus glutinosa . (springer.com)
  • Alnus glutinosa (European alder) (Betula alnus var. (uniprot.org)
  • Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. (uniprot.org)
  • Two cDNAs representing different members ( agNt84 and ag164 ) of a gene family encoding glycine- and histidinerich proteins have been isolated from cDNA libraries from Alnus glutinosa root nodules. (apsnet.org)
  • Alnus Glutinosa is an excellent remedy for all conditions arising from inflammatory disorders, especially those of a chronic nature, regardless of their origin. (pureprescriptions.com)
  • Antioxidant, Antibacterial Activities and General Toxicity of Alnus glutinosa, Fraxinus excelsior and Papaver rhoeas', Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research , Volume 4(Number 2), pp. 101-103. (ac.ir)
  • Alnus glutinosa, Fraxinus excelsior and Papaver rhoeas have long been used in folkloric medicine for the treatment of various ailments. (ac.ir)
  • Betula alnus glutinosa (L.) Ehrh. (theferns.info)
  • Alnus Glutinosa is a robust pioneering tree. (iplanethealth.com)
  • The Alnus Glutinosa bud is round and sticky, and mimics this signature in the treatment of acute venous thrombitis. (iplanethealth.com)
  • The Alnus Glutinosa bud also has an affinity for the arterial capillaries and thus helps facilitate cerebral perfusion, circulation and oxygenation. (iplanethealth.com)
  • By this doctrine, Alnus Glutinosa also helps with the resolution of painful hydrogenoid rheumatism. (iplanethealth.com)
  • This week we take a look at another invaluable native tree species ~ Alnus glutinosa (Alder). (compassionateroots.co.uk)
  • Alnus glutinosa has separate male and female flowers, making it a monoecious plant. (compassionateroots.co.uk)
  • This siskin is certainly making themselves at home on this Alnus glutinosa. (compassionateroots.co.uk)
  • Supercritical fluid extraction of Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. (elsevier.com)
  • Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Supercritical fluid extraction of Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. (elsevier.com)
  • Concentrations of six diarylheptanoids in the bark extracts of two natural populations of Alnus glutinosa (black alder) and Alnus incana (gray alder) were determined by -ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). PCA clearly shows the separation of three groups. (ac.rs)
  • Cvrković T, Jović J, Mitrović M, Petrović A, Krnjajić S, Malembic-Maher S, Toševski I. First report of alder yellows phytoplasma on common alder (Alnus glutinosa) in Serbia. (ac.rs)
  • The two most common species used to make their guitars are the black alder ( Alnus glutinosa ) and the red alder ( Alnus rubra ). (thespruce.com)
  • Akkermans, ADL, van Straten, J & Roelofsen, W 1976, Nitrogenase activity of nodule homogenates of Alnus glutinosa: a comparison with the Rhizobium-pea system . (wur.nl)
  • Sucrose synthase and enolase expression in actinorhizal nodules of Alnus glutinosa: comparison with legume nodules. (wur.nl)
  • To compare carbon metabolism in legume and actinorhizal nodules, sucrose synthase and enolase cDNA clones were isolated from a cDNA library, obtained from actinorhizal nodules of Alnus glutinosa. (wur.nl)
  • Frangula alnus, commonly known as alder buckthorn, glossy buckthorn, or breaking buckthorn, is a tall deciduous shrub in the family Rhamnaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both the common name alder buckthorn and specific epithet alnus refer to its association with alders (Alnus) on damp sites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Allozyme variablity in natural populations of green alder (Alnus crispa) in Quebec. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Genetic differentiation among 22 mature populations of green alder (Alnus crispa) in Central Quebec. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Alloyzyme variation within and among mature populations of speckled alder (Alnus rugosa) and relationships with green alder (A. crista). (nii.ac.jp)
  • Alnus incana , commonly called European gray alder, is a large pyramidal tree that grows to 40-60' tall. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • rugosa is very similar in appearance to Alnus serrulata (smooth alder or hazel alder). (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • N 2 fixing alder ( Alnus viridis spp. (usda.gov)
  • Green alder ( Alnus viridis ssp. (usda.gov)
  • This study compares microorganisms on leaf surfaces of alder (Alnus nepalensis (Betulaceae)) on roadside and non-roadside environments. (ucr.ac.cr)
  • Alder trees and shrubs ( Alnus spp. (thespruce.com)
  • The aim of this set of studies was to provide such information for the symbiosis between alder ( Alnus spp. (alaska.edu)
  • Alnus incana var. (wikimedia.org)
  • Green cuttings of Alnus incana (L.) Moench, consisting of one internode and one leaf with its axillary bud, were easily rooted in aerated liquid substrate under growth-chamber conditions. (springer.com)
  • Huss-Danell, K. 1978 Nitrogenase activity measurements in intact plants of Alnus incana . (springer.com)
  • Huss-Danell, K. 1980 Nitrogen fixation and biomass production in clones of Alnus incana . (springer.com)
  • Huss-Danell, K., Eliasson, L. and Öhberg, I. 1980 Conditions for rooting of leafy cuttings of Alnus incana . (springer.com)
  • Spatial distribution of genetic individuals in thickets of Alnus incana ssp. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Demography of a clonal shrub, Alnus incana ssp.rugosa (Betulaceae) Amer. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Alnus incana subsp. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • Shelter ~ Shrub formed species make great shelter for wildlife such as Alnus incana subsp. (compassionateroots.co.uk)
  • The systematics of the American species of Alnus (Betulaceae). (wikimedia.org)
  • Diarylheptanoids are a group of secondary metabolites widely distributed in the Betulaceae family and characteristic for Alnus species. (ac.rs)
  • Alnus serrulata f. emarginata Fernald , Rhodora 47: 359 (1945). (wikimedia.org)
  • Alnus serrulata f. noveboracensis ( Britton ) Fernald , Rhodora 47: 358 (1945). (wikimedia.org)
  • Alnus serrulata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft 9in). (pfaf.org)
  • The recent bark of the Alnus serrulata , Aiton. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • A tree about 30 feet high, the bark of which contains tannin, and is employed for the same purposes as the Alnus serrulata. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • rugosa and Alnus serrulata . (compassionateroots.co.uk)
  • Alnus serrulata (Ait. (ashs.org)
  • http://michiganflora.net/genus.aspx?id=Alnus. (michiganflora.net)
  • Pentacyclic triterpenoids with a C-27 hydroxymethyl group have been found in species of the genus Alnus for the first time. (ac.rs)
  • Alnus acuminata is a tree species widespread in Central and South America. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Alnus acuminata is a widespread montane species. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Alnus firma is a species of Alnus from Japan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Satoo, S. 1963 Air-layering of Alnus species. (springer.com)
  • Various Alnus species are grown to protect dikes, some are valued for timber, and the roots have nodules with nitrogen-fixing bacteria. (efloras.org)
  • Two pure Alnus acuminata stands established in a montane forest in central Mexico (Puebla State) were monitored between 2010 and 2013 to confirm and recognize the ectomycorrhizal (EcM) systems of A. acuminata with Lactarius cuspidoaurantiacus and Lactarius herrerae, two recently described species. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The aim of this study was to assess how higher soil temperatures and increased nitrogen (N) availability, mediated by the N-2 fixation of different Alnus species, affect soil nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. (unibas.ch)
  • We measured rates of N2O emission in situ under non-N-2-fixing tree species or grassland (controls) and under Alnus species by the closed chamber technique along a temperature gradient of 5.7K from the lowlands to the upper montane belt in Switzerland. (unibas.ch)
  • Differences in soil temperature along the elevation gradient did not affect the release of N2O in non-N-2-fixing vegetation or across the different Alnus species. (unibas.ch)
  • Abstract: Seed mortality due to low winter temperatures has been proposed as an explanation for the lack of seedling recruitment in natural populations of the rare riparian species Alnus maritima, but other factors such as the absence of essential root symbionts or canopy clearing disturbances could also limit establishment of new individuals. (castaneajournal.com)
  • In this study, the chemotaxonomic power of diarylheptanoids, such as hirsutanonol-5-O-beta-d-glucopyranoside, rubranoside A, oregonin, platyphylloside, alnuside A and hirsutanonol, has been investigated in combination with principal component analysis (PCA) for differentiation of Alnus species. (ac.rs)
  • Betula alnus var. (wikimedia.org)
  • Comparison of Alnus, Corylus and Betula pollen counts in Lublin (Poland) andSkien (Norway). (aaem.pl)
  • The beginning of pollenseasons for Corylus and Betula were observed 1-3 weeks earlier in Lublin than in Skien, but pollen grainsof Alnus appeared simultaneously in both towns. (aaem.pl)
  • In 1999, annual totals of Alnus, Corylus and Betula pollengrains were considerably less numerous in Skien than in Lublin. (aaem.pl)
  • Betula Alnus , Linné). (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Aerobiological data for Corylus, Alnus, and Betula pollen counts were obtained from nine cities in Poland and covered between five and 16 years of measurements. (github.io)
  • Cumulative growing degree days proved to be the single most important predictor variable in the random forest models of Corylus, Alnus, and Betula. (github.io)
  • Frangula alnus is one of just two food plants (the other being Rhamnus cathartica) used by the common brimstone butterfly (Gonepteryx rhamni). (wikipedia.org)
  • Frangula alnus was probably introduced to North America about 200 years ago, and in Canada about 100 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • But when Frangula alnus invades and grows in these locations, its dense canopy prevents light from reaching the ground and therefore prevents other seedlings from growing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hemlock-oak stands, which tend to be older stands of trees, are much less suitable for Frangula alnus because the density of the tree canopy creates a more shady environment that is not as suitable for Frangula alnus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frangula Alnus Bark Extract is an extract of the dried bark of the buckthorn, Frangula alnus. (ewg.org)
  • Suspensions or solutions with 1% of Chinese galls ( Galla chinensis , GC) or 1% of tannic acid (TA), inhibited germination of conidia or mycelium growth of Fusarium graminearum (FG) by 98%-100% or by 75%-80%, respectively, whereas dried bark from buckthorn ( Frangula alnus , FA) showed no effect at this concentration. (mdpi.com)
  • Alnus alnobetula subsp. (wikimedia.org)
  • Alnus viridis subsp. (usda.gov)
  • Our objectives were to determine the range of oxygen tension under which Alnus maritima subsp. (ashs.org)
  • Sharma Eklabya and Ambasht R S 1984 Seasonal variation in nitrogen fixation by different ages of root nodules of Alnus nepalensis plantations, in the Eastern Himalayas. (springer.com)
  • Study isolated 10 compounds from the bark of Alnus japonica. (2beingfit.com)
  • Seven derivatives of pentacyclic triterpene acids (1-7) were isolated from the bark of Alnus viridis ssp. (ac.rs)
  • These results demonstrate the importance of both host specificity and environmental variation in determining patterns of symbiont distribution in natural populations of Alnus. (alaska.edu)
  • mainly spring, Alnus formosana and A. nepalensis autumn. (efloras.org)
  • Five age series stands of Alnus nepalensis D. Don monocultures have been selected from the Pankhasari range of the Kalimpong forest division in the Eastern Himalayas. (springer.com)
  • Three or more divergent subgroups (subgenera) of Alnus are often treated as separate genera (J. J. Furlow, J. Arnold Arbor. (efloras.org)
  • Mohammad Ali Pourmalekshah A.A., Moayeri M.H., Parsakhoo A. (2019): Effect of the root biotechnical characteristics of Alnus subcordata, Paulownia fortunei and Populus deltoides on the soil mechanics. (agriculturejournals.cz)
  • The effect of the root biotechnical characteristics of Alnus subcordata, Paulownia fortunei and Populus deltoides each one in 2-, 10- and 15-year-old plantations was assessed. (agriculturejournals.cz)
  • To understand the function of hemoglobin (Hb) in actinorhizal symbiosis, we characterized a Hb of Alnus firma , AfHb1. (apsnet.org)
  • Alnus incisa Steud. (theferns.info)
  • The scientific name of Japanese alnus is Alnus japonica Steud. (2beingfit.com)
  • Two diarylheptanoids, oregonin and hirsutanone were isolated by bioassay-guided fractionation of the methanol extracts of the leaves of Alnus japonica Steud and their structures were elucidated from their spectroscopic data. (2beingfit.com)
  • Community, population, and growth dynamics of Alnus tenuifolia: implications for nutrient cycling on an interior Alaskan floodplain. (lternet.edu)
  • Alnus mandschurica f. barbinervis ( Nakai ) W.Lee , Lin. (wikimedia.org)
  • Study isolated reported the inhibitory effects of two diarylheptanoids from the methanolic extracts of Alnus japonica leaves on the expression of adhesion molecules in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. (2beingfit.com)
  • Of the nine diarylheptanoids isolated from Alnus japonica, hirsutenone (compound 2) showed the most potent PL inhibitory effect. (2beingfit.com)