Alnus: A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE that is distinguished from birch (BETULA) by its usually stalked winter buds and by cones that remain on the branches after the small, winged nutlets are released.Betulaceae: A plant family of the order Fagales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. They have simple, serrate, alternate leaves. Male flowers are borne in long, pendulous catkins; the female in shorter, pendulous or erect catkins. The fruit is usually a small nut or a short-winged samara.Diarylheptanoids: A group of compounds consisting of two aromatic rings separated by seven carbons (HEPTANES) and having various substituents. The best known member is CURCUMIN.Frankia: Genus of BACTERIA in the family Frankiaceae. They are nitrogen-fixing root-nodule symbionts of many species of woody dicotyledonous plants.Betula: A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE. The tree has smooth, resinous, varicolored or white bark, marked by horizontal pores (lenticels), which usually peels horizontally in thin sheets.Corylus: A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE known for the edible nuts.Elettaria: A plant genus of the family ZINGIBERACEAE, order Zingiberales, subclass Zingiberidae. Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton is the source of Cardamom used in SPICES.Inflorescence: A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Teucrium: A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE. Members contain teuscordonin. There have been reports of hepatoxicity by this genus.Arecaceae: The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Republic of Korea: The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Fagaceae: A plant family of the order Fagales subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida.Juglans: A plant genus of the family JUGLANDACEAE that provides the familiar walnut.MissouriErigeron: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that is similar to CONYZA. Members contain SESQUITERPENES.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Fraxinus: A plant genus of the family OLEACEAE. Members contain secoiridoid glucosides.Myrica: A plant genus of the family MYRICACEAE. Members contain myricanol. The common name of bayberry is similar to the name barberry which is used for BERBERIS and MAHONIA.Magnolia: A plant genus of the family MAGNOLIACEAE. The germacranolide sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, and costunolide diepoxide have been isolated from the leaves. Bark contains honokiol and magnolol. Parts are an ingredient of Banxia Houpo Tang.Ailanthus: A plant genus of the family SIMAROUBACEAE. Members contain ailantinols and other quassinoids.Conium: A plant genus of the family APIACEAE that is a source of coniine.Acacia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).Anacardiaceae: The sumac plant family in the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are tropical and subtropical trees, shrubs, and woody vines that have resin ducts in the bark. The sap of many of the species is irritating to the skin.Juglandaceae: The walnut plant family of the order Juglandales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mainly temperate zone trees.Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.Truncated Hemoglobins: A family of hemoglobin-like proteins found in BACTERIA; PLANTS; and unicellular eukaryotes. Truncated hemoglobins are distantly related to vertebrate hemoglobins and are typically shorter than vertebrate hemoglobins by 20-40 residues.Vitreoscilla: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic or microaerophilic, colorless filaments. It is nonfruiting, motile by gliding, and found in freshwater sediments and cow dung. One species (V. stercoraria) is considered morphologically to be a streptobacillus. That species is strictly aerobic and produces a homodimeric bacterial hemoglobin, especially under oxygen-limited growth conditions. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Nitric Oxide: A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.Arcidae: A family of ark shell mollusks, in the class BIVALVIA. They have soft bodies with platelike GILLS enclosed within two shells hinged together.Pollen: The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.PolandNorwaySoil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Ponds: Inland bodies of standing FRESHWATER usually smaller than LAKES. They can be man-made or natural but there is no universal agreement as to their exact size. Some consider a pond to be a small body of water that is shallow enough for sunlight to reach the bottom.Murraya: A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Members contain murrayanine, koenine, isomahanine, kwangsine, siamenol, murrayafoline A, murrayaquinone A and other cytotoxic carbazolequinones.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)MichiganSeasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Nuts: Botanically, a type of single-seeded fruit in which the pericarp enclosing the seed is a hard woody shell. In common usage the term is used loosely for any hard, oil-rich kernel. Of those commonly eaten, only hazel, filbert, and chestnut are strictly nuts. Walnuts, pecans, almonds, and coconuts are really drupes. Brazil nuts, pistachios, macadamias, and cashews are really seeds with a hard shell derived from the testa rather than the pericarp.WingPicea: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen, pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark. Each of the linear, spirally arranged leaves is jointed near the stem on a separate woody base.Avalanches: Mass of snow and/or ice falling down a mountain or incline.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Hagfishes: Common name for a family of eel-shaped jawless fishes (Myxinidae), the only family in the order MYXINIFORMES. They are not true vertebrates.Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.

Cavitation fatigue. Embolism and refilling cycles can weaken the cavitation resistance of xylem. (1/60)

Although cavitation and refilling cycles could be common in plants, it is unknown whether these cycles weaken the cavitation resistance of xylem. Stem or petiole segments were tested for cavitation resistance before and after a controlled cavitation-refilling cycle. Cavitation was induced by centrifugation, air drying of shoots, or soil drought. Except for droughted plants, material was not significantly water stressed prior to collection. Cavitation resistance was determined from "vulnerability curves" showing the percentage loss of conductivity versus xylem pressure. Two responses were observed. "Resilient" xylem (Acer negundo and Alnus incana stems) showed no change in cavitation resistance after a cavitation-refilling cycle. In contrast, "weakened" xylem (Populus angustifolia, P. tremuloides, Helianthus annuus stems, and Aesculus hippocastanum petioles) showed considerable reduction in cavitation resistance. Weakening was observed whether cavitation was induced by centrifugation, air dehydration, or soil drought. Observations from H. annuus showed that weakening was proportional to the embolism induced by stress. Air injection experiments indicated that the weakened response was a result of an increase in the leakiness of the vascular system to air seeding. The increased air permeability in weakened xylem could result from rupture or loosening of the cellulosic mesh of interconduit pit membranes during the water stress and cavitation treatment.  (+info)

Reinforcement of genetic coherence in a two-locus model. (2/60)

BACKGROUND: In order to maintain populations as units of reproduction and thus enable anagenetic evolution, genetic factors must exist which prevent continuing reproductive separation or enhance reproductive contact. This evolutionary principle is called genetic coherence and it marks the often ignored counterpart of cladistic evolution. Possibilities of the evolution of genetic coherence are studied with the help of a two-locus model with two alleles at each locus. The locus at which viability selection takes place is also the one that controls the fusion of gametes. The second locus acts on the first by modifying the control of the fusion probabilities. It thus acts as a mating modifier whereas the first locus plays the role of the object of selection and mating. Genetic coherence is enhanced by modifications which confer higher probabilities of fusion to heterotypic gametic combinations (resulting in heterozygous zygotes) at the object locus. RESULTS: It is shown that mutants at the mating modifier locus, which increase heterotypic fusions but do not lower the homotpyic fusions relative to the resident allele at the object locus, generally replace the resident allele. Since heterozygote advantage at the object locus is a necessary condition for this result to hold true, reinforcement of genetic coherence can be claimed for this case. If the homotypic fusions are lowered, complex situations may arise which may favor or disfavor the mutant depending on initial frequencies and recombination rates. To allow for a generalized analysis including alternative models of genetic coherence as well as the estimation of its degrees in real populations, an operational concept for the measurement of this degree is developed. The resulting index is applied to the interpretation of data from crossing experiments in Alnus species designed to detect incompatibility relations.  (+info)

Comparative analysis of pollen counts of Corylus, Alnus and Betula in Szczecin, Warsaw and Lublin (2000-2001). (3/60)

The aim of the study was to compare the airborne concentrations of allergenic pollen produced by three early flowering tree taxa (Corylus, Alnus, Betula) in the cities of Warsaw (central Poland), Lublin (eastern Poland) and Szczecin (western Poland) during the years 2000-2001. Measurements were performed by the volumetric method. Pollen seasons were defined as the periods in which 95% of the total catch occurred. The highest concentration and annual pollen count of Corylus was measured in Lublin in both seasons, while the highest annual pollen counts of Alnus and Betula were noted in Warsaw, where the annual pollen count of Betula in 2001 was four times higher than in 2000 and equalled 5,376 grains in m3 per 24 h. Significant differences in the pollen count of the examined taxa were observed between two seasons: the pollen count of Corylus was higher in 2000 than in 2001, while for Alnus and Betula the opposite was the case. The longest pollen seasons were observed at low annual pollen counts for the pollen of Corylus. Results of the study reveal significant differences between the seasons and the cities. The differences concern the dates of the appearance of pollen grains in the air, the duration of the presence of sporomorphs and the maximum concentrations in particular seasons. The pollen counts of alder, birch and hazel trees are determined by the weather, diversity of local flora and specific rhythm of pollination of particular taxa.  (+info)

Performance of an age series of alnus-cardamom plantations in the Sikkim Himalaya: productivity, energetics and efficiencies. (4/60)

Biomass, net primary productivity, energetics and energy efficiencies were estimated in an age series of Alnus-cardamom plantations in the eastern Himalaya. The impact of stand age (5, 10, 15, 20, 30 and 40 years) on the performance of mixtures of N2-fixing (Alnus nepalensis) and non-N2-fixing (large cardamom) plants was studied. Large cardamom (Amomum subulatum) is the most important perennial cash crop in the region and is cultivated predominantly under Alnus trees. Net primary productivity was lowest (7 t ha(-1) per year) in the 40-year-old stand and was more than three times higher (22 t ha(-1) per year) in the 15-year-old stand. Agronomic yield of large cardamom peaked between 15 and 20 years of age. Cardamom productivity doubled from the 5- to the 15-year-old stand, and then decreased with plantation age to reach a minimum in the 40-year-old stand. Performance of cardamom in association of N2-fixing Alnus remained beneficial until 20 years of age. Annual net energy fixation was highest (444 x 10(6) kJ ha(-1) per year) in the 15-year-old stand, being 1.4 times that of the 5-year-old stand and 2.9-times that of the 40-year-old stand. Inverse relationships of production efficiency, energy conversion efficiency and energy utilized in N2-fixation against stand age, and a positive relationship between production efficiency and energy conversion efficiency suggest that the younger plantations are more productive. The Alnus-cardamom plantation system will be sustainable by adopting a rotational cycle of 15 to 20 years.  (+info)

Performance of an age series of Alnus-cardamom plantations in the Sikkim Himalaya: nutrient dynamics. (5/60)

Nutrient cycling, nutrient use efficiency and nitrogen fixation in an age series of Alnus-cardamom plantations were studied in the eastern Himalaya. The impact of stand age (5, 10, 15, 20, 30 and 40 years) on the nutrient dynamics of mixtures of N2-fixing (Alnus nepalensis) and non-N2-fixing (large cardamom) plants was assessed. Foliar nutrient concentrations of Alnus decreased with advancing age groups of plantations and showed an inverse relationship with stand age. Annual N fixation increased from the 5-year-old stand (52 kg ha(-1)), peaking in the 15-year-old stand (155 kg ha(-1)) and then decreased with increasing plantation age. Nitrogen and phosphorus uptake was lowest in the 40-year-old stand, and highest in the 15- and 5-year-old stand, respectively. Nutrient storage in understorey cardamom was very high: up to 31 % N and 59 % P of the stand total in the 15-year-old stand. Nutrient use efficiency was higher (with faster turnover times) in younger stands and decreased (with slower turnover times) in older plantations. Nitrogen retranslocation showed a strong positive relationship with stand age, while that of P was inversely related to stand age. Nutrient standing stock, uptake and return were also highest in the 15-year-old stand. Nitrogen and P cycling in Alnus-cardamom plantations was functionally balanced. Nutrient cycling and dynamics indicated that Alnus-cardamom plantations performed sustainably up to 15-20 years. The management practice should be altered to incorporate replantation after this age.  (+info)

Regulation of nodulation in the absence of N2 is different in actinorhizal plants with different infection pathways. (6/60)

Root nodulation in actinorhizal plants, like Discaria trinervis and Alnus incana, is subject to feedback regulatory mechanisms that control infection by Frankia and nodule development. Nodule pattern in the root system is controlled by an autoregulatory process that is induced soon after inoculation with Frankia. The final number of nodules, as well as nodule biomass in relation to plant biomass, are both modulated by a second mechanism which seems to be related to the N status of the plant. Mature nodules are, in part, involved in the latter process, since nodule excision from the root system releases the inhibition of infection and nodule development. To study the effect of N(2) fixation in this process, nodulated D. trinervis and A. incana plants were incubated under a N(2)-free atmosphere. Discaria trinervis is an intercellularly infected species while A. incana is infected intracellularly, via root hairs. Both symbioses responded with an increment in nodule biomass, but with different strategies. Discaria trinervis increased the biomass of existing nodules without significant development of new nodules, while in A. incana nodule biomass increased due to the development of nodules from new infections, but also from the release of arrested infections. It appears that in D. trinervis nodules there is an additional source for inhibition of new infections and nodule development that is independent of N(2) fixation and nitrogen assimilation. It is proposed here that the intercellular Frankia filaments commonly present in the D. trinervis nodule apex, is the origin for the autoregulatory signals that sustain the blockage of initiated nodule primordia and prevent new roots from infections. When turning to A. incana plants, it seems likely that this signal is related to the early autoregulation of nodulation in A. incana seedlings and is no longer present in mature nodules. Thus, actinorhizal symbioses belonging to relatively distant phylogenetic groups and displaying different infection pathways, show different feedback regulatory processes that control root nodulation by Frankia.  (+info)

Hypervariable spacer regions are good sites for developing specific PCR-RFLP markers and PCR primers for screening actinorhizal symbionts. (7/60)

While the ribosomal RNA like highly conserved genes are good molecular chronometers for establishing phylogenetic relationships, they can also be useful in securing the amplification of adjoining hyper-variable regions. These regions can then be used for developing specific PCR primers or PCR-RFL profiles to be used as molecular markers. We report here the use of ITS region of rrn operon of Frankia for developing PCR-RFL profiles capable of discriminating between closely related frankiae. We have also made use of the ITS1 region of the nuclear rrn operon of Alnus nepalensis (D Don) for designing a PCR primer for specific amplification of nuclear DNA of this tree.  (+info)

Local and systemic effects of phosphorus and nitrogen on nodulation and nodule function in Alnus incana. (8/60)

Phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) effects on nodulation, nitrogenase activity and plant growth were studied in the root-hair-infected actinorhizal plant Alnus incana (L.) Moench. A split-root experiment, as well as a short-term experiment with entire root systems and a broader range of P concentrations, showed that P effects were specific on nodulation and not a general stimulation via a plant growth effect. These results indicate that nodule initiation and nodule growth have a high P demand. The split-root assay, comprising seven combinations of two N and two P levels, showed that P could counteract systemic N inhibition of nodulation, but did not counteract N inhibition of nitrogenase activity.  (+info)

Background Recent climatic history has strongly impacted plant populations, but little is known about its effect on microbes. Alders, which host few and specific symbionts, have high genetic diversity in glacial refugia. Here, we tested the prediction that communities of root symbionts survived in refugia with their host populations. We expected to detect endemic symbionts and a higher species richness in refugia as compared to recolonized areas. Methods We sampled ectomycorrhizal (EM) root tips and the nitrogen-fixing actinomycete Frankia communities in eight sites colonized by Alnus glutinosa subsp. barbata close to the Caucasus in Georgia. Three sites were located in the Colchis, one major Eurasian climatic refugia for Arcto-Tertiary flora and alders, and five sites were located in the recolonized zone. Endemic symbionts and plant ITS variants were detected by comparing sequences to published data from Europe and another Tertiary refugium, the Hyrcanian forest. Species richness and community
This week we take a look at another invaluable native tree species ~ Alnus glutinosa (Alder). Flowering in spring, with seed ripening in autumn, alder is a common sight in marsh and fen areas, alongside lakes and in wet areas of woods.
The North Eastern region of India is undergoing industrial development at a faster rate than expected. Roads form the main system of transportation and communication owing to the hilly topography of the region. Automobiles discharge a number of gaseous and trace metal contaminants. Human activities like stone grinding, road construction and sand milling also increase the atmospheric dust and heavy metal contaminant level. These contaminants get settled on leaf surfaces at roadsides and enter in contact with phylloplane microorganisms. This study compares microorganisms on leaf surfaces of alder (Alnus nepalensis (Betulaceae)) on roadside and non-roadside environments. Two sites dominated by alder were selected. One at a busy road intersection on the National Highway no. 44 in Shillong with high traffic density (8000-9000 heavy vehicles/day), taken as the polluted site and the other one in a forest approximately 500 m away from the roadside considered as the unpolluted site. Analysis of ...
The aim of this study was to assess how higher soil temperatures and increased nitrogen (N) availability, mediated by the N-2 fixation of different Alnus species, affect soil nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. We measured rates of N2O emission in situ under non-N-2-fixing tree species or grassland (controls) and under Alnus species by the closed chamber technique along a temperature gradient of 5.7K from the lowlands to the upper montane belt in Switzerland. Similar soil conditions and representative tree and bush taxa at a given elevation were a key prerequisite for the site selection. Across the 12 test plots, and irrespective of the elevation, N2O emissions were on average 12-fold larger in Alnus stands than in non-N-2-fixing vegetation. The mean emission was 1.30.2kgN(2)O-Nha(-1) under Alnus and 0.10.1kgN(2)O-Nha(-1) under non-N-2-fixing vegetation from mid-June to mid-October. The largest rates of emission were observed in Alnus viridis (Chaix.) D.C. shrubland at 1680m a.s.l. (mid-elevation), ...
Alnus glutinosa (black or common alder): up to 700m above sea level, especially on moist sites (stream banks, ditches, forest mires).. Alnus viridis (Green Alder): shrub, subalpine to montane (predominantly at timber line) on silicate soils with ample surface water supply, superseding Pinus mugo (which grows at similar elevations on limestone). Alnus incana (grey or speckled alder): widespread, but absent in Western Europe, used for reforestation and stabilization of slopes and embankments, blooms February to March - usually a bit earlier than black alder.. Alnus x spaethii: the product of a hybridisation, the source of pollen up to two months before other alder species in European cities where it is planted (for example, Christmas hay fever in parts of Switzerland) ...
Description from Flora of China. Trees or shrubs deciduous. Buds stalked with 2(or 3) scales or sessile with several overlapping scales. Leaves usually serrate or dentate, rarely incised or entire. Male inflorescence elongate, pendulous, cylindric, with numerous overlapping bracts, each bract subtending (3 or)4(or 5) bracteoles and 3 flowers; calyx 4-lobed; stamens (1-)4; anthers 2-loculed, thecae connate, apex glabrous. Female inflorescence 1, or 2-numerous in a raceme or panicle, ovoid or ellipsoid, conelike; bracts numerous, overlapping, woody, persistent, apex 5-lobulate, each bract subtending 2 flowers. Nutlets 2 in each bract axil, compressed, with membranous or papery wings. Fl. mainly spring, Alnus formosana and A. nepalensis autumn.. Three or more divergent subgroups (subgenera) of Alnus are often treated as separate genera (J. J. Furlow, J. Arnold Arbor. 71: 1-67. 1990). Various Alnus species are grown to protect dikes, some are valued for timber, and the roots have nodules with ...
Black alder trees are fast-growing, water-loving, highly adaptable, deciduous trees that hail from Europe. These trees have many uses in the home landscape and a number of qualities that make them highly attractive. Learn more in this article.
Methane (CH4) is an important greenhouse gas that is predominantly emitted to the atmosphere from anoxic wetland ecosystems. Understanding the sources and emissions of CH4 is crucially important for climate change predictions; however, there are significant discrepancies between CH4 source estimates derived via so-called bottom-up and top-down methods. Here we report CH4 emission from the stems of mature wetland alder (Alnus glutinosa) trees in the UK, a common tree of northern hemisphere floodplains and wetlands. The alder stems most likely behave as conduits for soil-produced CH4 either in the gaseous or aqueous phase, and may, therefore, help to reconcile methodological differences in the way the wetland CH4 source is estimated. Alder tree stems emitted average peak CH4 fluxes of 101 μg CH4 m−2 h−1 (on a stem area basis) in early October, a rate that is similar to that obtained from mature Japanese ash (Fraxinus mandshurica var. japonica) in Japan and amounting to approximately 20% of ...
A pot experiment with Alnus incana(L.) Moench growing in sand was set up to compare the amounts of nitrogen released from plants shoot litter with that released below ground as root litter and/or...
Nitrogen incorporation from red alder (Alnus rubra Bong.) into an Oregon upland mesic forest soil was studied by tracing the fate of 15N added as 15N-labeled alder leaf litter. The recovery of 15N in vegetation, litter, light- and heavy-fractions of the soil, the chloroform-labile (microbial biomass) pool, and the whole soil were investigated after a 21-month field incubation of the labeled litter. 15N abundances well in excess of normal values were measured in vegetation growing in the plots, perhaps 3% of the 15N excess initially added. Additionally, the recovery of initial 15N after 21 months was 31% in remaining litter, 34% in the upper 5 cm of soil, and 4% in the 5-15 cm depth class. Alder litter had lost 78% of its mass, 77% of the total initial N (14N + 15N), and 64% of the initial 15N. 15N recovery was higher in the light fraction than in the heavy fraction. The soil heavy fraction accounted for 77 to 88% of the total soil N; however, the concentration of N in the light fraction was 3.5 ...
Habit: fast-growing, multi-stemmed deciduous shrub usually forming dense thickets. The bark is thin, smooth, and reddish brown turning dark gray with age. Leaves are shiny green with a slightly sticky underside and edges with fine long pointed teeth. Male catkins form on the tips of branches drooping about 4 in (10 cm). On the same twig the female cone-like catkins bloom from late spring to mid-summer. The seeds are surrounded by papery wings. Sitka alder has a shallow root system.. Ecology: sitka alder can be found along streams, in damp woods, and on moist mountain slopes where the soil remains moist all year. It grows at middle elevations 1640 ft (500m) but prefers the moist cool sites of higher elevations 3000-7000 ft (914-2134 m). Establishes well in disturbed areas, such as avalanche chutes, and places recently glaciated.. Growing Conditions: full sun to partial shade, moist to wet soil. It is moderately shade tolerant.. Sitka alder has the ability to fix nitrogen, increasing fertility of ...
Alder also announced it entered into a definitive preferred stock purchase agreement with certain institutional and other accredited investors affiliated with or managed by Redmile Group LLC.. "Under the terms of the agreement, the investors have committed to purchase up to $250 million of non-voting Class A Preferred Stock during the three-year term of the agreement, with an initial purchase of $100 million of Class A Preferred Stock," said Alder.. "Purchases are subject to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions. Each share of Class A Preferred Stock is convertible into ten shares of Alders common stock upon certain conditions.. "Alder intends to use the net proceeds from the financing to fund payments under Alders European patent settlement and global license agreement with Teva Pharmaceuticals International GmbH announced today, eptinezumab infusion commercialization-readiness activities, and for working capital and general corporate purposes.". ...
Rubus nepalensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Red Alder. List of various diseases cured by Red Alder. How Red Alder is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Names of Red Alder in various languages of the world are also given.
In Pokémon Black and White, Alder appears as the Champion of Unova. The player first meets him on Route 5, where he is seen with Cheren, whom he is telling what is important about being a Champion. He appears at several points in the game to help the player put a stop to the plans of Team Plasma, Ghetsis and N. During the first time the player challenges the Pokémon League, Alder battles N but is defeated, so the player battles N instead. In the past, Alders starter Pokémon died of illness, and in despair over not being able to save it, he began traveling around aimlessly. Before his partners death, the two of them madly pursued strength, much in the way of Cheren. The identity of this Pokémon is never mentioned. However, it seems its death changed the way Alder looks at life. Also, Ghetsiss dialogue suggests that he may not have actually won the title of Champion, instead being requested by the Pokémon League to take the position. ...
1. Leaf blades all very broadly rounded to truncate or notched at apex, obovate to suborbicular in outline; plant an erect, usually single-trunked tree spread from cultivation.. A. glutinosa. 1. Leaf blades all or mostly acute (barely obtuse) to short-acuminate at apex, roughly ovate to elliptic in outline; tall native shrub, usually many-stemmed.. 2. Staminate aments expanding to maturity in early spring, before the leaves begin to open; filaments almost fully adnate to the perianth, the anthers appearing sessile; leaves not glutinous, both finely serrate and more coarsely dentate or obscurely lobed, the appearance being one of teeth quite varying in size and regularity; nut not winged at maturity (but so thin when immature as sometimes to be misleading).. A. incana. 2. Staminate aments expanding at the same time as the leaves; filaments free, ca. 0.5-1 mm long; leaves glutinous (with shiny sticky dots and veinlets) especially beneath and when young, finely and regularly serrate but not ...
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 19:441-450...Fuyuko Sasakura , 1 Toshiki Uchiumi , 2 Yoshikazu Shimoda , 3 Akihiro Suzuki , 4 Katsumi Takenouchi , 1 Shiro Higashi , 2 and Mikiko Abe 2...© 2006 The American Phytopathological Society...
Flora of China Editorial Committee. 1999. Flora of China (Cycadaceae through Fagaceae). 4: 1-453. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis ...
Alnus tenuifolia is a deciduous tree 15-20 m (49-66 ft) tall with smooth grey bark even in old age, its life span being a maximum of 60 to 100 years. The leaves are matte green, ovoid, 5-11 cm (2.0-4.3 in) long and 4-8 cm (1.6-3.1 in) broad. The flowers are catkins, appearing early in spring before the leaves emerge, the male catkins pendulous and 5-10 cm (2-4 in) long, the female catkins 1.5 cm (0.6 in) long and one cm broad when mature in late autumn. The seeds are small, 1-2 mm (0.04-0.08 in) long, and light brown with a narrow encircling wing. The grey alder has a shallow root system, and is marked not only by vigorous production of stump suckers, but also by root suckers, especially in the northern parts of its range. The wood resembles that of the black alder, but is somewhat paler and of little economic value.. It is in flower in March, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) ...
I discovered Smooth Alder, Alnus serrulata, along the shore, one after another until I realized that this bush was all over the place! Id been walking right by it without noticing the catkins or cones. Its a beauty, isnt it ...
We made a list of all the plants that we are currently growing in our container garden. Some of the plants we brought with us from our old garden. Included in these are a number of plants that we raised from seed. When growing plants from seed, each one is genetically distinct from the others. Although the majority will usually look quite similar when growing trees such as birch or alder, occasionally one can be pleasantly surprised. In 2006 we sowed seed of Betula albosinensis and an unusual alder, Alnus fruticosa. We potted up the germinated seeds and after a few years some plants were planted in the garden. From each of the two species, we got one individual amongst the seedlings which displayed characteristics remarkably different from the rest of their seedling batch; dwarf bushy plants! In the case of the Birch, after nine years our selected plant now measures less than 1 meter and has a bushy habit, all other plants grew much taller and average about 3 meters or more. From the alders only ...
Notice to Investors The tender offer (the Offer) for the outstanding common stock of Alder referred to in this company communication has not yet commenced. The description contained in this communication is neither an offer to purchase nor a solicitation of an offer to sell any securities, nor is it a substitute for the tender offer materials that Lundbeck and Purchaser will file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC). The solicitation and offer to buy the common stock of Alder will only be made pursuant to an offer to purchase and related tender offer materials. At the time the Offer is commenced, Lundbeck will file a tender offer statement on Schedule TO and thereafter Alder will file a solicitation/recommendation statement on Schedule 14D-9 with the SEC with respect to the Offer. THE TENDER OFFER MATERIALS (INCLUDING AN OFFER TO PURCHASE, A RELATED LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL AND CERTAIN OTHER OFFER DOCUMENTS) AND THE SOLICITATION/ RECOMMENDATION STATEMENT ON SCHEDULE 14D-9 WILL ...
Healing Herb Info is dedicated to bringing its users all the information they need to make an informed decision about using a natural, herbal remedy.
Looking for a low maintenance, deer resistant, perennial shrub that can be grown in sun or shade? Consider Fothergilla (also known as witch alder). Witch alder, unlike its better known cousin witch hazel, is not grown for medicinal uses but...
Dr Joanna (Asia) Alder. Associate Lecturer and The Futures Award Coordinator. Joanna Alder, Dr Joanna Alder, Dr. Joanna Alder, Asia Alder, Dr. Asia Alder, tourism in Poland, migrants, Derby, migrants in Derby, Polish community in Derby ...
Source: http://www.nasdaq.com/ (RTTNews.com) - Alder BioPharmaceuticals, Inc. (ALDER) announced positive top-line data from two clinical trials evaluating
Several people have written me asking for more information on using Alder as a lymphatic. So I wanted to do two things here, one is to specify the exact preparation I have been using, and secondly to list my original sources that suggested Alder as a lymphatic, as I think the references are rather obscure…
Several people have written me asking for more information on using Alder as a lymphatic. So I wanted to do two things here, one is to specify the exact preparation I have been using, and secondly to list my original sources that suggested Alder as a lymphatic, as I think the references are rather obscure…
In a recent survey undertaken by Alder Training, employers in the Health & Social Care sector have commented on the high level of support and the quality of training delivered by Alder Training. Comments included: , read more. ...
Laila Jafri, Samreen Saleem, Ihsan-ul-Haq, Nazif Ullah, Tamara P. Kondrytuk, John M. Pezzuto and Bushra Mirza (2014) Hedra nepalensis: a novel source of natural cancer chemopreventive and anticancerous compounds in process of (in Process of Submission) Laila Jafri, Samreen Saleem, Ihsan-ul-Haq, Nazif Ullah and Bushra Mirza (2014). In vitro assessment of antioxidant potential and determination of polyphenolic compounds of Hedera nepalensis K. Koch. Arabian Journal of Chemistry. DOI: 10.1016/j.arabjc.2014.05.002.. Nazif Ullah, Ihsan-ul-Haq, Naila Safdar and Bushra Mirza (2013), Physiological and Biochemical Mechanisms of Allelopathy Mediated by the Allelochemical Extracts of Phytolacca latbenia (Moq.) H. Walter, Toxicology and Industrial Health. DOI: 10.1177/0748233713483205.. Nazif Ullah, Ihsan-ul Haq, Bushra Mirza (2013), Phytotoxicity evaluation and phytochemical analysis of three medicinally important plants from Pakistan. Toxicology and Industrial Health. DOI: 10.1177/0748233712472527.. Naila ...
Laila Jafri, Samreen Saleem, Ihsan-ul-Haq, Nazif Ullah, Tamara P. Kondrytuk, John M. Pezzuto and Bushra Mirza (2014) Hedra nepalensis: a novel source of natural cancer chemopreventive and anticancerous compounds in process of (in Process of Submission) Laila Jafri, Samreen Saleem, Ihsan-ul-Haq, Nazif Ullah and Bushra Mirza (2014). In vitro assessment of antioxidant potential and determination of polyphenolic compounds of Hedera nepalensis K. Koch. Arabian Journal of Chemistry. DOI: 10.1016/j.arabjc.2014.05.002.. Nazif Ullah, Ihsan-ul-Haq, Naila Safdar and Bushra Mirza (2013), Physiological and Biochemical Mechanisms of Allelopathy Mediated by the Allelochemical Extracts of Phytolacca latbenia (Moq.) H. Walter, Toxicology and Industrial Health. DOI: 10.1177/0748233713483205.. Nazif Ullah, Ihsan-ul Haq, Bushra Mirza (2013), Phytotoxicity evaluation and phytochemical analysis of three medicinally important plants from Pakistan. Toxicology and Industrial Health. DOI: 10.1177/0748233712472527.. Naila ...
Though less often seen in garden centres Miscanthus nepalensis is a treasure to be sought after and cherished. Evocatively named, Himalayan Fairy Grass, this is a far from common ornamental grass and if treated with respect grows well in many UK gardens. Specimen One Here in a neighbours well tended garden Miscanthus nepalensis looks regal…
Lactarius glyciosmus. [ Basidiomycota > Russulales > Russulaceae > Lactarius . . . ]. by Michael Kuo. Lactarius glyciosmus is a drab little mushroom, but two things make it pretty easy to identify: it is mycorrhizal with birch, and it smells like coconuts. On the West Coast Lactarius glyciosmus might be confused with Lactarius cocosiolens, which also smells like coconuts but features a slimy brownish orange cap and appears in coastal, birch-less forests. Whether or not our North American version of Lactarius glyciosmus is the same as the original, European species (first described by Fries in 1818), has not been established.. Thanks to the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago for facilitating study of the Lactarius glyciosmus collection cited below.. Description:. Ecology: Mycorrhizal with paper birch (possibly also with other birches); also reported with alder; growing alone, scattered, or gregariously; late summer and fall; widely distributed in North America wherever the host trees ...
Craneflies of the genus Lipsothrix inhabit decomposing wood in streams. The life cycles and ecological relationships of L. nigrilinea (Doane) and L. fenderi Alexander were investigated to determine how they exploit and respond to the wood habitat and their role in degradation of woody debris in western Oregon. Surveys of the western states and provinces provided data on geographical distribution of the four western species, and a key is given to the five species known from America north of Mexico. The non-adult stages are spent within single logs, primarily red alder (Alnus rubra), in headwater streams where disturbance by abrasion is minimized. The two species are sympatric in soft logs in constant contact with water. L. fenderi larvae are found in a wider variety of wood types, including harder wood, other species of wood, and in marginal habitats in which they are more susceptible to desiccation and interactions with the semi-terrestrial community. Habitat selection may relate to the ...
Analysis of plant and soil components of an alder (Alnus rugosa [Du Roi] Spreng.) community that had invaded the bed of an abandoned mill pond showed an average annual N accretion of about 85 kg/ha. Most (93%) of the N in the ecosystem was found in the soil and there was a strong correlation between soil moisture content and N concentration. This may have resulted in part from more favorable condi ...
uuid": "e4ad4307-37a1-4183-beec-921ec07a361c", "type": "records", "etag": "6cb890cbdb5221e54b3677b2174a3b0f4be4b3a9", "data": { "dwc:startDayOfYear": "211", "dwc:specificEpithet": "ilicina", "dwc:kingdom": "Fungi", "dwc:recordedBy": "I.M. Brodo; W.B. Schofield", "dwc:order": "Arthoniales", "dwc:habitat": "along a shallow stream and shore in Thuja-Alnus forest; at edge of beach; Alnus sinuata", "dwc:scientificNameAuthorship": "Taylor", "dwc:occurrenceID": "e4ad4307-37a1-4183-beec-921ec07a361c", "id": "69977", "dwc:stateProvince": "British Columbia", "dwc:eventDate": "1967-07-30", "dwc:collectionID": "ca9232e9-9401-4c90-9845-d00fe37f0ac2", "dwc:country": "Canada", "idigbio:recordId": "urn:uuid:e4ad4307-37a1-4183-beec-921ec07a361c", "dwc:decimalLatitude": "53.6333333", "dwc:basisOfRecord": "PreservedSpecimen", "dwc:genus": "Arthonia", "dwc:family": "Arthoniaceae", "dc:rights": "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/", "dwc:identifiedBy": "T.L. Esslinger: Checklist of North America, 2001", ...
uuid": "896cdc81-8464-4055-8ea8-bbd375a31341", "type": "records", "etag": "a56171bb4f72e07f8c56a671b41760157d70cbe8", "data": { "dwc:specificEpithet": "hemisphaericum", "dwc:county": "Flathead", "dwc:recordedBy": "Harold Goree", "dwc:georeferenceSources": "georef batch tool 2015-04-23; GeoLocate", "dwc:order": "Caliciales", "dwc:habitat": "on trunks and branches of Alnus, usually living trees", "dwc:scientificNameAuthorship": "G.E. Howard", "dwc:occurrenceID": "64c630c6-0f6e-4e6e-8697-46876f526fbb", "dwc:dateIdentified": "1967", "id": "1607122", "dwc:stateProvince": "Montana", "dwc:eventDate": "1885-02-00", "dwc:collectionID": "ef6d1fd7-8440-4e2d-bccf-85feddb1c08c", "dwc:institutionCode": "COLO", "dwc:country": "United States", "idigbio:recordId": "urn:uuid:64c630c6-0f6e-4e6e-8697-46876f526fbb", "dwc:georeferenceRemarks": "pattern: Red Meadow Creek; manually moved to intersection of creek and road", "symbiota:recordEnteredBy": "tnash", "dwc:kingdom": "Fungi", "dwc:decimalLatitude": "48.805192", ...
Luc Simon (lsimon at alnus.for.ulaval.ca) wrote: ,: In article ,33f5rr$2k5 at mercury.hgmp.mrc.ac.uk,, pdezoysa at crc.ac.uk (Priyal ,: A. De Zoysa (now at Royal Free)) wrote: ,: , Does anyone out rhere know of any commercial software or public domain shareware that ,: , will enable me to read DNA sequences from scanned autorads of sequencing gels ? Bio Image (formerly Millipore Imaging Systems) has the DNA Film Reader/ Sequence Assembly Manager. An extremely sexy product (very biased opinion) that allows on line image viewing/editing of the assembled sequences after automatic base calling. 1-800-BIOIMAGE for details. Steve Smith B I Systems smith at bioimage.millipore.com ...
Teva Pharmaceuticals International has entered a global licence agreement with Alder BioPharmaceuticals for anti-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) antibodies and their usage techniques.
The Grainline Alder Shirtdess sewing pattern is a loosely fitted sleeveless shirtdress with two interesting options that make it great for spring and summer.
My first notion that something out of the ordinary may be inhabiting the woods of the Pacific Northwest came from a story my Grandfather told me. He owned an eighty acre farm near Battle Ground, Washington. He spoke of seeing a five foot tall monkey running across a hayfield he was cutting. It ran across a field hopped a fence and disappeared into the woods. I was about eight years old when I first heard the story. Three years later I had my own experience. I was with a small group of kids in a forty acre cow pasture. Along the west fence line was a dense forest and bushes. As we approached, the trees exploded with activity. Thirty foot alder trees began swaying violently, then two inch limbs were being pulled off.All of a sudden the loudest vocalization I have ever heard an animal make was belted out from the dense woods. I was less than thirty feet away from the vocalizer. I later described the sound, to my parents, as a cross between a lion roar and an elephant trumpet. It was a chord of ...
Lactarius aurantiacus Lactarius mitissimus Lactarius aurantiofulvus oranssirousku brandriska Orange milkcap enyhe tejelőgomba aranys rga tejelőgomba narancssz nű tejelőgomba oranž riisikas Milder Milchling Orangebrauner Milchling oranje melkzwam Orangebrauner Milchling Orange M lkehat mleczaj delikatny branngul riske Švelnusis piengrybis mleczaj pomarańczowy ...
Ormus Minerals for Natural Nutritional Energy and how it can bless your life and health. What is Ormus? Well it is something that is all around us in the Air, Water, Land and the food we eat. Now with todays technology we have learned how to use it as a Energy Nutrition supplement to help our lives be fuller of Life.
Mountain Stone short incense sticks. Weathered, sandalwood, quiet. Tennen Made in Japan / Japan Dry Garden Series / Includes 100 short sticks / 2.75 long / 2
Best organic natural dry shampoo for men & women. Restores volume to flat limp hair and improves body and texture. GQ Magazine, Goop, & Mens Journal approved.
For at rapportere et problem med webstedet, sendes en e-mail på engelsk til vores offentligt arkiverede postliste [email protected] Se Debians kontaktside for andre kontaktoplysninger. Webstedets kildekode er tilgængelig.. Senest opdateret: Lør 16. dec 2017 kl. 19.48.57 UTC ...
Best organic natural dry shampoo for men & women. Restores volume to flat limp hair and improves body and texture. GQ Magazine, Goop, & Mens Journal approved.
Det er to alderstopper for påvisning av cøliaki. Den første er i spedbarnsalderen etter introduksjon av gluten i kosten. Den andre, og største toppen, er i 30-40 årsalderen. Den vanligste alderen for når diagnosen stilles, er ved 40 år. Likevel kan diagnosen stilles i alle aldre.. Muligheten for å utvikle cøliaki er til stede allerede fra fødselen. Det foreligger en genetisk faktor som kan påvises ved funn av vevstypene HLA-DQ2 eller -DQ8 i blodet. Symptomer opptrer likevel tidligst når spedbarnet får tilført glutenholdig mat. Det er derfor ikke riktig å si at en person er "født med cøliaki". Noen barn blir hurtig og alvorlig syke, andre barn utvikler symptomer gradvis over måneder eller år. Andre igjen har få eller ingen åpenbare plager i barneårene, men utvikler tegn på cøliaki i voksen alder. Enkelte kan forbli så godt som symptomfri hele livet, men likevel ha skadet tarm. Mange får som nevnt stilt diagnosen i voksen alder (30-60 år gamle).. ...
Calibrate your devices to G7 and balance your color. G7 is an industry standard certification and often its the first step to consistent color management.
I should premise that I use the term Struggle for Existence in a large and metaphorical sense, including dependence of one being on another, and including (which is more important) not only the life of the individual, but success in leaving progeny. Two canine animals in a time of dearth, may be truly said to struggle with each other which shall get food and live. But a plant on the edge of a desert is said to struggle for life against the drought, though more properly it should be said to be dependent on the moisture. A plant which annually produces a thousand seeds, of which on an average only one comes to maturity, may be more truly said to struggle with the plants of the same and other kinds which already clothe the ground. The missletoe is dependent on the apple and a few other trees, but can only in a far-fetched sense be said to struggle with these trees, for if too many of these parasites grow on the same tree, it will languish and die. But several seedling missletoes, growing close ...
"Alnus Peak". BC Geographical Names. "Ross Cox, Mount". BC Geographical Names. "Mallard Peak". BC Geographical Names. "Scott, ...
The caterpillars feed on a number of deciduous trees.(Quercus sp., Alnus sp., Prunus sp., Salix sp., Tilia sp., Malus sp., ...
Alnus incana subsp. tenuifolia - the grey alder or thinleaf alder, native to western North America.. ... Mountain alder is a common name for two different alders: Alnus viridis subsp. crispa - the green alder, native to western ...
Alnus incana subsp. tenuifolia (thinleaf alder), bark used to dye deerskin reddish brown. Amaranthus blitoides (mat amaranth), ...
In winter, for example, the horses eat Salix spp., Pyrus communis, Malus sylvatica, Pinus sylvestris, Rosa spp., and Alnus spp ...
compactum); Japanese rose (Rosa rugosa); alder (Alnus glutinosa); sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides); wood sage (Teucreum ...
Betulaceae Alnus sp. Betula luminifera aff. Carpinus miocenica Sapindaceae † Acer angustilobum † Acer tribolatum Anacardiaceae ...
Alnus nepalensis, a pioneer tree species, grows gregariously and forms pure patches of forests on newly exposed slopes, in ... Alnus nepalensis forests; Schima wallichii-Castanopsis indica hygrophile forest; Schima-Pinus forest; Pinus roxburghii forests ... Alnus nepalensis, Ardisia thyrsiflora, Ilex spp, Macaranga pustulata, Trichilia cannoroides, Celtis tetranda, Wenlendia ...
Subalpine vegetation belt, 1,400-1,600 metres (4,600-5,200 ft) to 2,100 metres (6,900 ft) (only northern slopes); Alnus viridis ...
Betuloideae Alnus Mill. 1754-alder Betula L. 1753-birch Coryloideae Carpinus L. 1753-hornbeam Corylus L. 1753-hazel Ostrya Scop ... In the past, the family was often divided into two families, Betulaceae (Alnus, Betula) and Corylaceae (the rest). Recent ...
Alder (Alnus sp.) Caucasian wing nut (Pterocarya pterocarpa), hybrid poplar (Populus), and long-stem oak (Quercus longipes) are ...
Flora Europaea: Alnus Flora of Bolivia: Alnus Flora of China: Alnus Flora of North America: Alnus Flora of Pakistan: Alnus. ... Russian Far East Alnus paniculata Nakai: Korea Alnus serrulatoides Callier: Japan Alnus vermicularis Nakai: Korea Alnus × ... Unknown subgenus Alnus djavanshirii H.Zare: Iran Alnus dolichocarpa H.Zare, Amini & Assadi: Iran Alnus fauriei H.Lév. & Vaniot ... Alnus firma Siebold & Zucc. - Kyūshū Island in Japan Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. - Black alder. Europe, Central Asia. Alnus ...
The Thinleaf alder (Alnus incana subsp. tenuifolia) Interior Alaska from Yukon River Valley west to mouth of Yukon River, south ... Alder Alnus spp. (cuukvaguaq sg cuukvaguak dual cuukvaguat pl, auguqsuli ~ auguqsuliq, caarilluk, caarin in Yup'ik and Cup'ik, ... The mountain alder or American green alder (Alnus viridis subsp. crispa) widely distributed in interior Alaska north to ...
Ageratum) Alnus spp. (Alder) Alyssum spp. (Alyssum) Althaea rosea (Hollyhock) (*) Amelanchier spp. (Serviceberry) Anemone spp ...
Subalpine vegetation belt, 1,400- 1,600 m to 2,100 m (only northern slopes); Alnus viridis ssp. suaveolens, Acer pseudoplatanus ...
Alnus ssp., Sambucus nigra, Ulmus ssp., Salix ssp., Acer ssp., Fraxinus ssp. and other central-European trees. The Po Valley ...
Alnus spp.) seemingly started to decline around 2000 years ago due to a decrease in temperature. At the same time the Norway ...
It is a fen overgrown with generally small trees of species such as willow (Salix spp.) or alder (Alnus spp.). In general, fens ...
The larvae feed on various deciduous trees and plants: Betula sp., Alnus incana, Salix sp., Polygonum spp., Chenopodium album, ...
These include willow (Salix sp.), sedge (Carex sp.), stream monkey flower (Mimulus sp.) and red alder (Alnus oregona). These ...
Alnus glutinosa; Juodalksnis)* Grey Alder (Alnus incana; Baltalksnis)* Silver Birch (Betula pendula; Karpotasis beržas or ... Frangula alnus; Paprastasis šaltekšnis) Sour Cherry (Prunus cerasus; Paprastoji vyšnia) Bird Cherry or Hackberry (Prunus padus ...
These include willow (Salix sp.), sedge (Carex sp.), stream monkey flower (Mimulus sp.) and red alder (Alnus oregona). These ...
Leaves of alder (Alnus sp.) are also found, as well as the leaves or needles and seeds of pines (Pinus sp.), the golden larch ( ...
The rivers flow through deep canyons and open valleys, with the vegetation along the riverbanks dominated by Alnus, Salix, ... Alnus glutinosa), etc. It is mixed with shrub vegetation of blackberry (Rubus spp.), dog rose, etc. At many places shrubs, ...
The larvae feed on Alnus species. Bug Guide Images Macromoths of Northwest Forests and Woodlands. ...
Alnus acuminata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T32025A2808218. . Downloaded on 24 February 2018.. ... Alnus acuminata is a tree species widespread in Central and South America. This species has a wide distribution. There are some ... Alnus acuminata is a widespread montane species. It is more common in the higher elevations of Guatemala and Costa Rica than ... A stem borer (Scolytodes alni) has been reported to affect populations of Alnus acuminata in Costa Rica during the dry season ...
Alnus firma is a species of Alnus from Japan. "Alnus firma in Redlist". Media related to Alnus firma at Wikimedia Commons Data ...
Both the common name alder buckthorn and species name alnus refer to its association with alders (Alnus) on damp sites. Unlike ... Collins ISBN 0-00-220013-9. Flora Europaea: Frangula alnus Den virtuella floran: Frangula alnus (in Swedish, with detailed maps ... Frangula alnus was probably introduced to North America about 200 years ago, and in Canada about 100 years ago. It was planted ... "Frangula alnus Mill". The Plant List: A Working list of All Plant Species. Rushforth, K. (1999). Trees of Britain and Europe. ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Alnus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ...
Genus: Alnus. Subgenus: A. subg. Alnus Species: Alnus serrulata Name[edit]. Alnus serrulata (Aiton) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: ... Alnus noveboracensis Britton, Torreya: 124 (1904).. *Alnus rugosa var. obtusifolia (Regel) H.J.P.Winkl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), ... Alnus oblongata (Aiton) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: 335 (1805).. *Alnus glutinosa var. oblongata (Aiton) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 550 ... Alnus latifolia Desf., Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3: 352 (1829).. *Alnus macrophylla Desf. ex Corrie, Millers Dict. Gard.: 157 ( ...
Green cuttings of Alnus incana(L.) Moench, consisting of one internode and one leaf with its axillary bud, were easily rooted ... Alnus incana Cuttings Growth chamber Nutrient solution Rooting This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check ... Green cuttings ofAlnus incana (L.) Moench, consisting of one internode and one leaf with its axillary bud, were easily rooted ... Huss-Danell, K. 1980 Nitrogen fixation and biomass production in clones ofAlnus incana. New Phytol.85, 503-511.Google Scholar ...
Taxonomy - Alnus glutinosa (European alder) (Betula alnus var. glutinosa) (SPECIES) Basket 0 ... Alnus. See also. › botanical.com. › delta-intkey.com. › dendro.cnre.vt.edu. › edis.ifas.ufl.edu. › keyserver.lucidcentral.org. ...
Scientific name: Alnus glutinosa. Pronunciation: AL-nus gloo-tih-N0-suh. Common name(s): Common alder, black alder, european ... Alnus glutinosa: Common Alder1. Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 ...
in the case of Alnus, bacteria (actinomycetes) in the genus Frankia. The leaves and bark are rich in tannins, so alders have ...
mainly spring, Alnus formosana and A. nepalensis autumn.. Three or more divergent subgroups (subgenera) of Alnus are often ... Alnus Mill. 桤木属 Description from Flora of China. Trees or shrubs deciduous. Buds stalked with 2(or 3) scales or sessile with ... Various Alnus species are grown to protect dikes, some are valued for timber, and the roots have nodules with nitrogen-fixing ...
Alnus viridis. £6.00. Green alder. A medium shrub to 2.5 m (8 ft) high. Like other alders, it is an excellent nitrogen-fixer. ...
Five age series stands of Alnus nepalensisD. Don monocultures have been selected from the Pankhasari range of the Kalimpong ... Age series plantations Alnus nepalensis Eastern Himalayas Soil nutrients Soil properties This is a preview of subscription ... Five age series stands ofAlnus nepalensis D. Don monocultures have been selected from the Pankhasari range of the Kalimpong ... Sharma Eklabya and Ambasht R S 1984 Seasonal variation in nitrogen fixation by different ages of root nodules ofAlnus ...
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Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Alnus hirsuta (Betulaceae) in Korea * * Huh Man Kyu HUH Man Kyu ... Genetic Variation of Alnus trabeculosa Populations in Japan : Miyamoto Naoko , Kuramoto Noritsugu , Hoshi Hiroshi ... Spatial distribution of genetic individuals in thickets of Alnus incana ssp. rugosa, a clonal shrub HUENNEKE L. F. ... Genetic differentiation among 22 mature populations of green alder (Alnus crispa) in Central Quebec. BOUSQUET J. ...
genus: !Alnus Mill. Other names with Alnus fruticosa var. mandshurica Callier ex C.K. Schneid. as basionym: Duschekia ... Alnus fruticosa var. mandshurica Callier ex C.K. Schneid. Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser Concept: Andean Bryophytes. Bolivia ... Home , Name Search , Alnus mandshurica (Callier ex C.K. Schneid.) Hand.-Mazz. ...
Alnus incana subsp. rugosa is very similar in appearance to Alnus serrulata (smooth alder or hazel alder). Rugosa means ... Alnus incana, commonly called European gray alder, is a large pyramidal tree that grows to 40-60 tall. It is native to Europe ... rugosa, synonymous with and formerly known as Alnus rugosa, is a fast-growing, thicket forming, deciduous, spreading small tree ...
The ectomycorrhizas of Lactarius cuspidoaurantiacus and Lactarius herrerae associated with Alnus acuminata in Central Mexico. ... AlnusBasidiomycotaCluster AnalysisDNA, FungalDNA, PlantDNA, Ribosomal SpacerMexicoMicroscopyMolecular Sequence DataMycorrhizae ... Two pure Alnus acuminata stands established in a montane forest in central Mexico (Puebla State) were monitored between 2010 ... The ectomycorrhizas of Lactarius cuspidoaurantiacus and Lactarius herrerae associated with Alnus acuminata in Central Mexico.. ...
Alnus rugosa Ab.IgG:ACnc:Pt:Ser:Qn. Known as: Smooth Alder IgG Qn, Alnus rugosa , Ab.IgG:ACnc:Pt:Siero:Qn, Alnus rugosa , IgG: ...
Klischies, Martina; Zenk, Meinhart H. (1978): Stereochemistry of C-methylation in the biosynthesis of rhododendrin in Alnus and ... Betula alba; Alnus glutinosa; Betulaceae; cinnamic acid pathway; C-methylation; stereochemistry; rhododendrin; phenylpropanoid ...
ALNUS RUBRA POLLEN (UNII: Z0F2YK1B7H) (ALNUS RUBRA POLLEN - UNII:Z0F2YK1B7H) ALNUS RUBRA POLLEN. 6 [hp_X] in 1 mL. ... ALNUS SERRULATA BARK (UNII: BQ5P19J9OL) (ALNUS SERRULATA BARK - UNII:BQ5P19J9OL) ALNUS SERRULATA BARK. 6 [hp_X] in 1 mL. ... ALNUS RHOMBIFOLIA POLLEN (UNII: 7X8HL8GRTM) (ALNUS RHOMBIFOLIA POLLEN - UNII:7X8HL8GRTM) ALNUS RHOMBIFOLIA POLLEN. 6 [hp_X] in ... 6X, 12X, 30X, Alder 6X, 12X, 30X, Ailanthus Glandulosus (Tree of Heaven) 6X, 12X, 30X, Alnus Serrulata (Red Alder) 6X, 12X, 30X ...
To understand the function of hemoglobin (Hb) in actinorhizal symbiosis, we characterized a Hb of Alnus firma, AfHb1. A cDNA ...
... but pollen grainsof Alnus appeared simultaneously in both towns. In 1999, annual totals of Alnus, Corylus and Betula ... Comparison of Alnus, Corylus and Betula pollen counts in Lublin (Poland) andSkien (Norway).. ...
A Nodule-Specific Gene Family from Alnus glutinosa Encodes Glycine- and Histidine-Rich Proteins Expressed in the Early Stages ... and histidinerich proteins have been isolated from cDNA libraries from Alnus glutinosa root nodules. Expression of the ...
Alnus (Allergen), homeopathic remedy. Remedia Homeopátia. Hatékony homeopátiás gyógyszerkészítmények előállítása saját ...
  • Izolovanje i identifikacija diarilheptanoida iz biljnih vrsta crna jova (Alnus gltinosa (L.) Gaertn. (gov.rs)
  • Frangula alnus is one of just two food plants (the other being Rhamnus cathartica) used by the Common Brimstone butterfly Gonepteryx rhamni. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frangula alnus was probably introduced to North America about 200 years ago, and in Canada about 100 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • But when Frangula alnus invades and grows in these locations, its dense canopy prevents light from reaching the ground and therefore prevents other seedlings from growing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hemlock-oak stands, which tend to be older stands of trees, are much less suitable for Frangula alnus because the density of the tree canopy creates a more shady environment that is not as suitable for Frangula alnus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Suspensions or solutions with 1% of Chinese galls ( Galla chinensis , GC) or 1% of tannic acid (TA), inhibited germination of conidia or mycelium growth of Fusarium graminearum (FG) by 98%-100% or by 75%-80%, respectively, whereas dried bark from buckthorn ( Frangula alnus , FA) showed no effect at this concentration. (mdpi.com)
  • Common buckthorn - Frangula alnus Mill. (koop-phyto.org)
  • mainly spring, Alnus formosana and A. nepalensis autumn. (efloras.org)
  • Five age series stands of Alnus nepalensis D. Don monocultures have been selected from the Pankhasari range of the Kalimpong forest division in the Eastern Himalayas. (springer.com)
  • Sharma Eklabya and Ambasht R S 1984 Seasonal variation in nitrogen fixation by different ages of root nodules of Alnus nepalensis plantations, in the Eastern Himalayas. (springer.com)
  • Abstract: Seed mortality due to low winter temperatures has been proposed as an explanation for the lack of seedling recruitment in natural populations of the rare riparian species Alnus maritima, but other factors such as the absence of essential root symbionts or canopy clearing disturbances could also limit establishment of new individuals. (castaneajournal.com)
  • These results demonstrate the importance of both host specificity and environmental variation in determining patterns of symbiont distribution in natural populations of Alnus. (alaska.edu)
  • In this study, the chemotaxonomic power of diarylheptanoids, such as hirsutanonol-5-O-beta-d-glucopyranoside, rubranoside A, oregonin, platyphylloside, alnuside A and hirsutanonol, has been investigated in combination with principal component analysis (PCA) for differentiation of Alnus species. (ac.rs)
  • Alnus species are a rich source of diarylheptanoids. (gov.rs)
  • És un projecte en curs que té com a objectiu recollir les plantes més comunes de la nostra flora. (ub.edu)
  • Three or more divergent subgroups (subgenera) of Alnus are often treated as separate genera (J. J. Furlow, J. Arnold Arbor. (efloras.org)
  • Mohammad Ali Pourmalekshah A.A., Moayeri M.H., Parsakhoo A. (2019): Effect of the root biotechnical characteristics of Alnus subcordata, Paulownia fortunei and Populus deltoides on the soil mechanics. (agriculturejournals.cz)
  • The effect of the root biotechnical characteristics of Alnus subcordata, Paulownia fortunei and Populus deltoides each one in 2-, 10- and 15-year-old plantations was assessed. (agriculturejournals.cz)
  • We measured rates of N2O emission in situ under non-N-2-fixing tree species or grassland (controls) and under Alnus species by the closed chamber technique along a temperature gradient of 5.7K from the lowlands to the upper montane belt in Switzerland. (unibas.ch)