Nutritional Requirements: The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.Nutrition Policy: Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.Housing, AnimalRecommended Dietary Allowances: The amounts of various substances in the diet recommended by governmental guidelines as needed to sustain healthy life.Confined Spaces: A space which has limited openings for entry and exit combined with unfavorable natural ventilation such as CAVES, refrigerators, deep tunnels, pipelines, sewers, silos, tanks, vats, mines, deep trenches or pits, vaults, manholes, chimneys, etc.Crowding: An excessive number of individuals, human or animal, in relation to available space.Animal Welfare: The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Vitamins: Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Minerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Trace Elements: A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Pyridoxic Acid: The catabolic product of most of VITAMIN B 6; (PYRIDOXINE; PYRIDOXAL; and PYRIDOXAMINE) which is excreted in the urine.Micronutrients: Essential dietary elements or organic compounds that are required in only small quantities for normal physiologic processes to occur.Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Ascorbic Acid: A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.Nutritive Value: An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.Food, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Calcium, Dietary: Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Hoof and Claw: Highly keratinized processes that are sharp and curved, or flat with pointed margins. They are found especially at the end of the limbs in certain animals.Pyridoxine: The 4-methanol form of VITAMIN B 6 which is converted to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. Although pyridoxine and Vitamin B 6 are still frequently used as synonyms, especially by medical researchers, this practice is erroneous and sometimes misleading (EE Snell; Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 585 pg 1, 1990).Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Methyl n-Butyl Ketone: An industrial solvent which causes nervous system degeneration. MBK is an acronym often used to refer to it.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Scurvy: An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Social Security: Government sponsored social insurance programs.Riboflavin Deficiency: A dietary deficiency of riboflavin causing a syndrome chiefly marked by cheilitis, angular stomatitis, glossitis associated with a purplish red or magenta-colored tongue that may show fissures, corneal vascularization, dyssebacia, and anemia. (Dorland, 27th ed)Weaning: Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Food Additives: Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Vitamin A: Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.Ascorbic Acid Deficiency: A condition due to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), characterized by malaise, lethargy, and weakness. As the disease progresses, joints, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues may become the sites of hemorrhage. Ascorbic acid deficiency frequently develops into SCURVY in young children fed unsupplemented cow's milk exclusively during their first year. It develops also commonly in chronic alcoholism. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1177)Riboflavin: Nutritional factor found in milk, eggs, malted barley, liver, kidney, heart, and leafy vegetables. The richest natural source is yeast. It occurs in the free form only in the retina of the eye, in whey, and in urine; its principal forms in tissues and cells are as FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE and FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE.Folic Acid: A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (POACEAE). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia.Diet, Vegetarian: Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Vitamin B 6 Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 6 in the diet, characterized by dermatitis, glossitis, cheilosis, and stomatitis. Marked deficiency causes irritability, weakness, depression, dizziness, peripheral neuropathy, and seizures. In infants and children typical manifestations are diarrhea, anemia, and seizures. Deficiency can be caused by certain medications, such as isoniazid.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Salaries and Fringe Benefits: The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Iron: A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.ItalyFood: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Vitamin E: A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.Deficiency Diseases: A condition produced by dietary or metabolic deficiency. The term includes all diseases caused by an insufficient supply of essential nutrients, i.e., protein (or amino acids), vitamins, and minerals. It also includes an inadequacy of calories. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)United StatesAge Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Biological Availability: The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.Thiamine: 3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.Vitamin B Complex: A group of water-soluble vitamins, some of which are COENZYMES.Vitamin A Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Phosphorus, Dietary: Phosphorus used in foods or obtained from food. This element is a major intracellular component which plays an important role in many biochemical pathways relating to normal physiological functions. High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. Low concentrations of dietary phosphorus cause an increase in calcitriol in the blood and osteoporosis.Diet Records: Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Least-Squares Analysis: A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Vitamin B 12: A cobalt-containing coordination compound produced by intestinal micro-organisms and found also in soil and water. Higher plants do not concentrate vitamin B 12 from the soil and so are a poor source of the substance as compared with animal tissues. INTRINSIC FACTOR is important for the assimilation of vitamin B 12.Vitamin D: A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.Great BritainAnimals, Suckling: Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.Food Services: Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Selenium: An element with the atomic symbol Se, atomic number 34, and atomic weight 78.96. It is an essential micronutrient for mammals and other animals but is toxic in large amounts. Selenium protects intracellular structures against oxidative damage. It is an essential component of GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.beta Carotene: A carotenoid that is a precursor of VITAMIN A. It is administered to reduce the severity of photosensitivity reactions in patients with erythropoietic protoporphyria (PORPHYRIA, ERYTHROPOIETIC). (From Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Engewood, CO, 1995.)Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Aspartate Aminotransferases: Enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the conversion of L-aspartate and 2-ketoglutarate to oxaloacetate and L-glutamate. EC 2.6.1.1.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Pyridoxal Phosphate: This is the active form of VITAMIN B 6 serving as a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. During transamination of amino acids, pyridoxal phosphate is transiently converted into pyridoxamine phosphate (PYRIDOXAMINE).Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Absorption: The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Erythrocytes: Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Dietary Fiber: The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Intestinal Absorption: Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Pregnancy, Animal: The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Homocysteine: A thiol-containing amino acid formed by a demethylation of METHIONINE.Phosphorus: A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.IndiaBreast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Magnesium: A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.EnglandVegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Copper: A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
An individual allowance, such as an Assigned amount unit (AAU) or its near-equivalent European Union Allowance (EUA), may have ... For trading purposes, one allowance or CER is considered equivalent to one metric ton of CO2 emissions. These allowances can be ... Emission allowances[edit]. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the 'caps' or quotas for Greenhouse gases for the developed Annex 1 ... By permitting allowances to be bought and sold, an operator can seek out the most cost-effective way of reducing its emissions ...
The operators within the ETS may reassign or trade their allowances by several means:. *privately, moving allowances between ... If emission exceeds what is permitted by its allowances, an installation must purchase allowances from others. Conversely, if ... the price of allowances would fall to four Euros.[59] The 2012 closing price for an EU allowance with a December 2013 contract ... The price of allowances increased more or less steadily to a peak level in April 2006 of about €30 per tonne CO2.[32] In late ...
Main article: Jobseeker's Allowance. Jobseeker's Allowance rates[edit]. JSA for a single person is changed annually, and at 3 ... "Jobseeker's Allowance". Directgov.. *^ Source: Benefit & Tax Credit Rates 2006 - © Citizens Advice Bureau (United Kingdom) and ... Benefits include the Rent Supplement, the Mortgage Interest Supplement and the Fuel Allowance, among others. People on a low ... Mobility allowances (Indennità di mobilità),: if the Redundancy Fund does not allow the company to re-establish a good ...
Weekly supplementary allowances of rationed foods for invalids. Disease Food. supplementary. allowance Quantity Coupons to be. ... Initially the allowance was for about one new outfit per year; as the war progressed the points were reduced, until buying a ...
Cost-of-living allowance[edit]. See also: Cost of living. The real purchasing power of fixed payments is eroded by inflation ...
Monte Carlo: better allowance for randomness[edit]. Finally, a newer method for determining the adequacy of a retirement plan ... Allowances such as housing and subsistence are not used to calculate a member's retired pay. Members awarded the Medal of Honor ...
See also Marriage; Allowances, see Executors and Administrators; Amendments, see Pleading; Ancestors, see Descent and ... Allowance for Prosecution of Suit, Permanent Alimony, Division of Property of Spouses, Change of Wife's Name, Custody of ... Allowances, Claims, Death (Survivorship, Actions for Death, Death Certificate, Uniform Anatomical Gift Act, Living Wills); ... Allowances; Claims; Death; Decedents' Estates; Descent and Distribution; Executors and Administrators; Fiduciaries; Intestacy; ...
"Allowances". The New Yorker. February 13-20, 2012. Retrieved November 14, 2014. "Rockland". The New Yorker. May 19, 2014. ...
Allowances. $6.566 billion. $-3 billion. $0.125 billion. - 950. Undistributed Offsetting Receipts. $-99.635 billion. $-100 ...
Allowances. $- 950. Undistributed Offsetting Receipts. $-37,620 Total. $1,560,484 Deficit/Surplus[edit]. The proposed budget ...
"Allowances modernisation". Brighton & Hove City Council. Brighton & Hove City Council. Retrieved 2 October 2014. "The Leader". ... The United Kingdom Census 2011 showed a substantial fall in the proportion of the population claiming Jobseeker's Allowance or ... Their council reformed their allowances to equalise them with other staff at the organisation conducting similar work. The ...
The vocational grid directs an allowance or denial of benefits. Applicants may hire a lawyer to help them apply or appeal. ... The SSA also has an expedited processing program for certain conditions designated as receiving compassionate allowances. The ... "Compassionate Allowances". Social Security Administration. "Social Security Disability Insurance: Participation Trends and ...
Eleanor Florence Rathbone, Eva M. Hubback (1943). Family allowances: ... with an epilogue by Lord Beveridge and a new chapter ... on The family allowances movement 1924-1947, by Eva M. Hubback. Allen and Unwin. Eva Marian Spielman Hubback (1947). The ...
1 allowance) Married. (2 allowances) Married, two children. (4 allowances) $50,000 $1,693 / 17% $1,870 / 32% $1,870 / 32% ...
2 allowances. *introduce a WTO compliant border adjustment system to level the playing field between European companies and ...
Religious allowancesEdit. Chinese generals pay tribute to the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum at the Temple of the Azure Clouds on July 6 ...
The personnel allowance is the same for all members; the office and mail allowances vary based on the members' district's ... the franking allowance can be used to pay for personnel expenses if the member so chooses. In 2011 this allowance averaged $1.4 ... "Congressional Salaries and Allowances" (PDF). Congressional Research Service Report for Congress. United States House of ... Travel allowanceEdit. Each member-elect and one staffer can be paid for one round trip between their home in their ...
Taxation of allowances: Expenditure for which reimbursement is claimed under the provisions of the Green Book should be wholly ... "Repayment of Allowances by MP". Westminster, United Kingdom: Parliament of the United Kingdom. 19 June 2009. Archived from the ... "Members' allowance expenditure 2007-08: explanatory notes". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 23 ... "Allowances by MP". Westminster, United Kingdom: Parliament of the United Kingdom. 18 June 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2009. " ...
The power plant emits nitric oxide for which it has an emission allowance from the Ontario Emissions Trading Registry. Nitric ... "List of Allowances". Ontario Emissions Trading Registry. Retrieved 2010-03-30. "Ontario Emissions Trading Registry Account: ...
Markdown strategy is referred to as "Markdown Optimization". Discounts and allowances. ...
For it is still the UK government that is the delegator of emissions, and it is they who negotiate the UK allowances with the ... Enhanced Capital Allowances. Accessed 16/12/2011 "What is the ECA Scheme". Accessed 6/1/2013 Archived January 21, 2013, at the ... It has now closed to new participants but allowances are still traded. While this may appear as recourse to the market to ... The UK ETS was a voluntary cap-and-trade scheme where participants were allocated an allowance of emissions, which included ...
... pay and allowances. [3] 10 USC 527. Authority to suspend sections 523, 525, and 526. [4] 10 USC 601. Positions of importance ...
National Research Council (US) Subcommittee on the Tenth Edition of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (1989). "10". In ... National Academies Press (US). Recommended Dietary Allowances. National Academies Press (US). doi:10.17226/1349. Thus, a ...
... pay and allowances. [12] 10 USC 527. Authority to suspend sections 523, 525, and 526. [13] Proclamation 7463 of September 14, ...
Recommended Dietary Allowances. National Research Council, Reprint and Circular Series, No. 122. 1945. pp. 3-18. 4 Water , ...
... and meet Recommended Dietary Allowances for nutrients." They give recommendations on meeting nutrient requirements for those ...
Personal carbon allowances. BMJ 2006; 332 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.332.7554.1387 (Published 08 June 2006) Cite this as ...
EU Allowances are Climate credits (or Carbon credits) used in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS). EU ... By April 30 of each year, operators of installations covered by the EU ETS must surrender an EU Allowance for each ton of CO2 ... Allowances are issued by the EU Member States into Member State Registry accounts. ...
Brokerage allowance - From the point of view of the manufacturer, any brokerage fee paid is similar to a promotional allowance ... These include an allowance for creating and maintaining an in-store display or a co-op advertising allowance. ... Discounts and allowances are reductions to a basic price of goods or services. They can occur anywhere in the distribution ... Some discounts and allowances are forms of sales promotion. Many are price discrimination methods that allow the seller to ...
The art student lived on an allowance of $300 a month. When I was in first grade, my parents gave me an allowance of 50 cents a ... an addition or deduction based on an extenuating or qualifying circumstance: an allowance for profit; an allowance for ... a sum of money allotted or granted for a particular purpose, as for expenses: Her allowance for the business trip was $200. ... sanction; tolerance: the allowance of slavery. *a prescribed difference in dimensions of two closely fitting mating parts with ...
To ask Mr Chancellor of the Exchequer, what estimate he has made of the tax relief given to companies and limited liability partnerships for insurance...
... Lawrence H. Summers. Chapter in NBER book The Effects of ... This chapter first appeared as NBER working paper w1941, Investment Incentives and the Discounting of Depreciation Allowances, ...
Though, she is not familiar with taxes or retirement, she does know the value of each of her $6 of weekly allowance.. In fact, ... This site helps children manage their allowances and chores as if they were managing their own small business, she said.. When ...
Compassionate Allowances 101 Presentation. An overview of Compassionate Allowances and MS, presented by James Edrington and ... How are conditions added to the list of Compassionate Allowances?. *How does a person with a Compassionate Allowances apply for ... MS in the Social Security Administration Compassionate Allowances The Compassionate Allowances (CAL) initiative is a way to ... What is the Compassionate Allowances Initiative?. The Compassionate Allowances (CAL) initiative is a way to expedite the ...
A ministers housing allowance (sometimes called a parsonage allowance or a rental allowance) is excludable from gross income ... Im a minister and receive a salary plus a housing allowance. Is the housing allowance considered income and where do I report ... Include any amount of the allowance that you cant exclude as wages on line 1 of Form 1040, U.S. Individual Income Tax Return ... If your congregation furnishes housing in kind as pay for your services as a minister instead of a housing allowance, you may ...
Allowances. Generally, allowances are added to normal earnings and the amount to withhold is calculated on the total amount of ... For more information, refer to Withholding for allowances.. Leave loading. If you pay leave loading as a lump sum, use Tax ...
Emergency allowances in the community health services Br Med J 1978; 2 :1091 ... Emergency allowances in the community health services. Br Med J 1978; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6144.1091-b ( ...
We analyze the design of a policy of family allowances and of public pensions in such a setting, under distinct informational ... "Childbearing Age, Family Allowances, and Social Security," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" halshs-00916613, HAL ... "Childbearing Age, Family Allowances, and Social Security," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 80(2 ... "Childbearing age, family allowances and social security," CORE Discussion Papers 2011059, Université catholique de Louvain, ...
To wit: The toy-flush CEO of FAO Schwarz hasnt gotten around to setting an allowance for his daughter, the kids of Pitney ... allowances in the age of a cashless society, and its unsurprising to learn that the ease of iTunes-esque online shopping has ... which has revealing info on the allowance-giving habits of some notable New Yorkers. ... a href=http://online.wsj.com/public/article/SB116804006374468632-vAcHgQzkZ3Xkf71yytdiQ5dDvHQ_20080105.html,Allowance 2.0,/a ...
Explore Fidelitys various pension allowance guides to help you. ... Explore the different pension allowances to make the most of ... Lifetime allowance Annual allowance Tapered annual allowance Carry forward allowance Money purchase annual allowance ... Find out more about lifetime allowance Annual allowance. The annual allowance is the limit on how much you can save into your ... View pension allowances Back View pension allowances. View pension allowances Overview Pension tax relief ...
encoded search term (What are the recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) for vitamin A?) and What are the recommended dietary ... What are the recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) for vitamin A?. Updated: Dec 26, 2017 ... the recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) for vitamin A are given as mcg of retinol activity equivalents (RAE). The RDAs for ... allowances (RDAs) for vitamin A? What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Adjuncts to the Forensic ...
The cost-of-living allowance paid to U.S. troops in Germany and Turkey is going up by as much as 100 percent starting with the ... Benefits Allowances Europe Turkey Military Pay © Copyright 2019 Stars and Stripes. All rights reserved. This material may not ... KAISERSLAUTERN, Germany -- The cost-of-living allowance paid to U.S. troops in Germany and Turkey is going up by as much as 100 ... Individual COLA allowances vary according to a members rank, years in service and number of dependents, among other factors. ...
Compassionate Allowances are a way of quickly identifying diseases and other medical conditions that clearly qualify for Social ... The Compassionate Allowances program provides expedited review of disability applications from people with severely disabling ... Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) Included on Newest Disease Listing of Compassionate Allowances ...
FactCheck: Cuts to Disability Living Allowance By Patrick Worrall Rightly or wrongly, the government has taken steps to curb ...
The request resulted from a prior decision which held that the employee was entitled to a transportation allowance for travel ... employee to per diem or actual expense allowances. ... employee to per diem or actual expense allowances. The request ... Thus, both new hires and transferees may be authorized a subsistence allowance at Washington, D.C. since, under the ... resulted from a prior decision which held that the employee was entitled to a transportation allowance for travel between her ...
Find out more about carers allowance and how you can claim it. ... Carers Allowance is the main welfare benefit to help carers. ... Carers Allowance is the main welfare benefit to help carers. You may still be able to claim it, even if you dont think of ... Call the Carers Allowance Unit on 0800 731 0297 (textphone: 0800 731 0317) or visit GOV.UK to download a claim form or make a ... You dont have to be related to or live with the person you care for to claim Carers Allowance. Its extra money each week for ...
"Disability Living Allowance is an outdated benefit... and needs reform to better reflect todays understanding of disability," ... It is the start of the replacement of Disability Living Allowance (DLA) by Personal Independence Payments (PIP). ... Many have also experienced - or heard - horror stories about controversial Employment Support Allowance assessments carried out ...
Philip Hammond is under pressure to make the marriage tax allowance more generous after a survey found that three times as many ... The allowance that we have, however, is failing to make an impact, being that 90 per cent of it cannot be transferred." ... Philip Hammond is under pressure to make the marriage tax allowance more generous after a survey found that three times as many ... "The Budget in the spring is the perfect opportunity to increase the amount of money invested in the allowance so we can help ...
Allowance Tags Thursday, Aug 18, 2016 at 6:00 am Ourly.help Lets Parents Pay Kids for Completing Chores ...
Since 4 July 2007, the Pre-Retirement Allowance is closed to new applicants but existing recipients may continue to get it. ... The Pre-Retirement Allowance is a means-tested payment for people aged 55 and over who consider themselves retired rather than ... Fuel Allowance. The National Fuel Scheme provides an allowance to low-income households that are unable to meet their heating ... The Pre-Retirement Allowance (PRETA) is for people in Ireland aged 55 and over who have left the labour force. It is means- ...
  • It is the start of the replacement of Disability Living Allowance (DLA) by Personal Independence Payments (PIP). (bbc.co.uk)
  • Disability Living Allowance is an outdated benefit. (bbc.co.uk)
  • If you are under age 65, you may be able to get Disability Living Allowance. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • Disability Living Allowance - sometimes referred to as DLA - is a tax-free benefit for children and adults who need help with personal care or have walking difficulties because they are physically or mentally disabled. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • Who can get Disability Living Allowance? (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • You can get Disability Living Allowance whether or not you work. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • You will not usually need a medical examination when you claim for Disability Living Allowance. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • If you start to get Disability Living Allowance it might increase the amount of other benefits or credits you're entitled to, such as Income Support, Pension Credit, Housing Benefit, Council Tax Benefit, Working Tax Credit and Child Tax Credit. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • Disability Living Allowance (DLA) is a tax free benefit for disabled people needing help with care or mobility. (tht.org.uk)
  • The Personal Independence Payment (PIP) replaces Disability Living Allowance for working-age people from 8 April 2013. (tht.org.uk)
  • Until recently, Pollyanna's mother Sarah received higher-rate Disability Living Allowance, which provided valuable support in the form of a Blue Badge for the family car, and a mobility vehicle big enough to transport a wheelchair. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Sarah also received a carer's allowance, linked to the Disability Living Allowance, in recognition that Sarah takes Pollyanna to regular hospital appointments, is responsible for the prosthetic leg, and is a support to her daughter when problems (and there are several) arise. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Many have also experienced - or heard - horror stories about controversial Employment Support Allowance assessments carried out by Atos, one of the companies contracted to do PIPs assessments on behalf of the government. (bbc.co.uk)
  • To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, pursuant to the Answer of 16 May 2018 to Question 142517 on employment support allowance, which Minister authorised revisions to the wording of ESA65B letters to claimants' GPs. (parliament.uk)
  • One piece of equipment for a child/infant (e.g. approved restraint system (car seat), playpen or stroller) will be permitted at no charge in addition to the checked baggage allowance. (westjet.com)
  • EU Allowances are Climate credits (or Carbon credits) used in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS). (wikipedia.org)
  • This study examines the martingale difference hypothesis (MDH) for the carbon emission allowance market within the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) during the Phase I and the Phase II, using both daily and weekly data over the 2005-2009 period. (repec.org)
  • The results show that the emission allowance allocated by the government should always be insufficient to satisfy the ex-post emission demand at the industry level, even with low-carbon investment. (springer.com)
  • we firstly discuss the situation where the emission allowances per product is linear with carbon emission reduction rate. (springer.com)
  • HARTFORD - Less carbon dioxide is polluting the air in the Northeast, prompting state environmental officials to cut allowances for emissions in one of only two cap-and-trade programs in the United States. (thehour.com)
  • An auction is scheduled for September for power plants to buy the reduced number of allowances to emit carbon dioxide. (thehour.com)
  • The price of an allowance to emit one short ton of carbon dioxide is sensitive to actions by regulators. (thehour.com)
  • And we live in one of them: Massachusetts is one of 10 Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic states participating in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), which is about to impose a cap-and-trade system that will force the region's power providers to either lower their own carbon emissions below pre-defined limits or buy enough carbon "allowances" from other plant owners to cover their excess. (xconomy.com)
  • A key premise of cap-and-trade schemes is that they're more efficient at reducing emissions than rigid pollution caps, since the opportunity to sell carbon allowances gives companies an incentive to get below their own emissions cap by innovating-for example, by installing better pollution-control equipment or switching to non-fossil-fuel energy sources. (xconomy.com)
  • But cap-and-trade systems only work if there's a transparent marketplace where polluters can buy and sell carbon allowances. (xconomy.com)
  • For instance, if the government sets a $13-17 price for carbon, and a utility has bought 1,000 regional allowances at $3.50 each, the utility would receive only about 250 federal allowances, meaning that it would have to spend more on down the line. (environmentalleader.com)
  • This site helps children manage their allowances and chores as if they were managing their own small business, she said. (washingtontimes.com)
  • To wit: The toy-flush CEO of FAO Schwarz hasn't gotten around to setting an allowance for his daughter, the kids of Pitney Bowes CEO Michael J. Critelli earn "market price" for those chores they choose to do, and Charles Schumer's offspring receive an "undisclosed bi-weekly sum. (nymag.com)
  • If there's any debate about allowances these days, it's usually whether parents should require children to do chores to receive one. (star-telegram.com)
  • Students required to do chores for their allowance received an average score of 52.1 percent, not that much lower. (star-telegram.com)
  • The scores of teens with allowances tied to chores were a close second because they, too, must have regular discussions with parents about whether they earned their pay or not, Mandell says. (star-telegram.com)
  • But she says allowances -- with chores -- work. (star-telegram.com)
  • Age Appropriate Chores, Rules, Allowance. (healthboards.com)
  • A decision was requested regarding the entitlement of a Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) employee to per diem or actual expense allowances. (gao.gov)
  • One study, for instance, found that American youngsters didn't understand that an allowance was supposed to be an education on money management, and some considered it an entitlement instead, he says. (star-telegram.com)
  • A Councillor may by notice in writing given to the Solicitor to the Council elect to forego any part of her/his entitlement to an allowance under this scheme. (bathnes.gov.uk)
  • Thus, both new hires and transferees may be authorized a subsistence allowance at Washington, D.C. since, under the circumstances presented, it was a training or temporary duty site, not a permanent duty station. (gao.gov)
  • SBAs cannot be claimed for the cost of the land itself, for integral features and fixtures or for costs which also qualify for plant and machinery allowances. (pinsentmasons.com)
  • To qualify for Trade Readjustment Allowances you must be laid off on or after the impact date and before the ending date of the certification. (floridajobs.org)
  • You don't have to be on a benefit to qualify for a Disability Allowance. (workandincome.govt.nz)
  • KAISERSLAUTERN, Germany -- The cost-of-living allowance paid to U.S. troops in Germany and Turkey is going up by as much as 100 percent starting with the Feb. 15 paycheck, despite a stronger dollar. (military.com)
  • The allowance, which Downing Street said showed the Government values commitment by recognising marriage and civil partnerships in the tax system, is not available to couples that include higher rate taxpayers - in which one spouse is paid £42,285. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • If the structure is purchased unused from a developer who is a trader for tax purposes, the allowances will be available on the price paid to the developer, after deducting non-qualifying expenditure. (pinsentmasons.com)
  • In addition to conscripts and those on alternative service, the allowance is paid to reserves called-up for refresher training, women who are military service volunteers. (stm.fi)
  • This allowance is in addition to all other allowances authorized in this Joint Travel Regulation (JTR) and may be paid in advance. (dod.mil)
  • Usually local housing allowance is paid to the claimant but we can pay it directly to the landlord if we decide a claimant meets our safeguarding criteria. (glasgow.gov.uk)
  • The allowance is paid to the applicant within one week of the granting of the allowance. (tartu.ee)
  • If the contract reflects more than the total consideration you paid, ONRR may require you to determine the byproduct transportation allowance under paragraph (b) of this section. (cornell.edu)
  • Utilities buying allowances from regional programs would be able to trade in their regional allowances at a value equal to what they paid. (environmentalleader.com)
  • Subject to paragraphs 10,11 and 12, for each year a Basic Allowance shall be paid to each Councillor. (bathnes.gov.uk)
  • The allowance will be paid monthly. (bathnes.gov.uk)
  • Subject to paragraphs 10,11 and 12, for each year a Special Responsibility Allowance shall be paid to those Councillors who have been appointed or recognised by the Council or have been notified to the Chief Executive or Solicitor to the Council by their Group as holding the special responsibilities in relation to the Authority that are specified in Schedule 1 to this scheme. (bathnes.gov.uk)
  • Special Responsibility Allowances will be paid monthly. (bathnes.gov.uk)
  • Any such responsibilities shall be notified to the Solicitor to the Council along with the value of the allowance to be paid from within the Group's total allowance. (bathnes.gov.uk)
  • Though there is no minor league season to speak of, the Rangers on Friday informed their minor leaguers they will continue to be paid a $400 per week allowance, at least through July. (dallasnews.com)
  • Women with disabilities shall be paid Rs 3,000 per month as special allowance for child care. (indianexpress.com)
  • And remember that this tax year - 2018/19 - is the last opportunity that someone who has continually been a high earner has to be able to make the most of any of their unused £40,000 annual allowance from 2015/16 (as from 2016/17 their annual allowance would have been tapered). (moneymarketing.co.uk)
  • The new patent allowance complements iBio's Australian version of the patent (serial no. 2007215082) that was issued in October of 2012. (globenewswire.com)
  • The request resulted from a prior decision which held that the employee was entitled to a transportation allowance for travel between her residence and a temporary duty station in Arlington, Virginia. (gao.gov)
  • a) For transportation costs you incur under an arm's-length contract , the transportation allowance will be the reasonable, actual costs you incurred for transporting the byproducts under that contract . (cornell.edu)
  • i) To calculate a return on undepreciated capital investment, multiply the remaining undepreciated capital balance as of the beginning of the period for which you are calculating the transportation allowance by the rate of return provided in paragraph (k) of this section. (cornell.edu)
  • The above limits would be automatically raised by 25 per cent every time the Dearness Allowance on the revised pay structure goes up by 50 per cent. (indianexpress.com)
  • The aim of the supplementary social allowance is to contribute to and improve the coping skills of a person and a family and to cover in part the indispensable expenses of a less privileged person or family that are not compensated for with other state or local allowances and services. (tartu.ee)
  • cut expenses by strictly allowancing the sales representatives. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Is the housing allowance considered income and where do I report it? (irs.gov)
  • A minister's housing allowance (sometimes called a parsonage allowance or a rental allowance) is excludable from gross income for income tax purposes but not for self-employment tax purposes. (irs.gov)
  • If your congregation furnishes housing in kind as pay for your services as a minister instead of a housing allowance, you may exclude the fair market rental value of the housing from income, but you must include the fair market rental value of the housing in net earnings from self-employment for self-employment tax purposes. (irs.gov)
  • The National Fuel Scheme provides an allowance to low-income households that are unable to meet their heating needs. (citizensinformation.ie)
  • One-quarter of high school students receiving unconditional allowances had no plans to go to any college -- regardless of family income -- compared with 10.5 percent of all students surveyed, Mandell says. (star-telegram.com)
  • The tapered allowance applies if your 'adjusted income' is more than £150,000. (which.co.uk)
  • If your total adjusted income is between £150,000 and £210,000, you lose £1 of annual allowance (starting at £40,000) for every £2 of adjusted income. (which.co.uk)
  • Once your income reaches £210,000, you'll be left with an annual allowance of £10,000. (which.co.uk)
  • The table below shows how your annual allowance reduces as your income increases above £150,000. (which.co.uk)
  • Andrew Goodsell concluded: "Having access to a larger tax free savings and investment allowance will help the over 50s plan their retirement income more efficiently and we do urge people to look out for competitive rates to ensure they invest their money wisely. (saga.co.uk)
  • I examine the effects of the introduction of the Spouse's Allowance to the Canadian Income Security (IS) system on the retirement behavior of couples. (nber.org)
  • Granting of the allowance may be refused if the applicant's income or the immovables and movables in their ownership ensure them or their family with sufficient funds for coping. (tartu.ee)
  • The study also found that only 21 per cent supported further increases in the personal allowance from the current level of £11,000, while 65 per cent of people were opposed. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • In the ordinary course of its reviews of filings, the staff asked a number of registrants why significant favorable or unfavorable trends in the quality of the loan portfolio, as evidenced by statistical data presented in Management's Discussion and Analysis and/or in the notes to the financial statements, did not correspond with decreases or increases in the allowance for loan losses reported in the financial statements. (sec.gov)
  • In FRR No. 28, the Commission noted that certain registrants had appeared to lack adequate documentation of procedures for performing detailed reviews of loan portfolios and for determining amounts of allowances and provisions for loan losses. (sec.gov)
  • Several registrants that recorded loan loss allowances for pools of loans did not maintain documentation indicating how the amounts of the loan loss allowances were determined or how the amounts related to the composition of the loan pool at any particular balance sheet date. (sec.gov)
  • I just flew to MAN-DEL last month with a 40kg luggage allowance on Qatar. (tripadvisor.co.uk)
  • The change is effective for all tickets issued on or after 4th May.The new, generous allowance has been implemented across the airline's extensive network of over 100 destinations globally- 30kg for Economy Class passengers, 40kg for Business and 50kg for First. (breakingtravelnews.com)
  • Conscripts or people performing alternative service and their spouses may receive a means-tested conscripts' allowance. (stm.fi)
  • If Yes , fill out the online Pre-screening form to receive a Trade Readjustment Allowances information packet. (floridajobs.org)
  • An allowance is any payment that employees receive from an employer for using their own vehicle in connection with or in the course of their office or employment without having to account for its use. (canada.ca)
  • A Massachusetts energy-trading startup is gearing up to host the nation's first auction for greenhouse gas emissions allowances. (xconomy.com)
  • All 30.8 million allowances under the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) were sold at auction this week, fetching an average price of $3.23 per allowance. (environmentalleader.com)
  • In particular, the guidance focuses on the documentation the staff normally would expect registrants to prepare and maintain in support of their allowances for loan losses. (sec.gov)
  • The guidance in this staff accounting bulletin is being issued in light of the March 10, 1999 Joint Interagency Letter to Financial Institutions in which the staff agreed to provide, in parallel with guidance provided by the federal banking agencies, guidance on loan loss allowance methodologies and supporting documentation. (sec.gov)
  • On July 6, 2001, the federal banking agencies issued their guidance through the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) as interagency guidance, 'Policy Statement on Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses Methodologies and Documentation for Banks and Savings Institutions. (sec.gov)
  • Individual COLA allowances vary according to a member's rank, years in service and number of dependents, among other factors. (military.com)
  • Domiciliary Care Allowance (DCA) is a monthly payment for a child aged under 16 with a severe disability, who requires ongoing care and attention, substantially over and above the care and attention usually required by a child of the same age. (citizensinformation.ie)
  • Disability Allowance is a weekly payment for people who have regular, ongoing costs because of a disability, such as visits to the doctor or hospital, medicines, extra clothing or travel. (workandincome.govt.nz)
  • This document amends the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) adjudication regulations to provide for payment of a monetary allowance for an individual with disability from one or more covered birth defects who is a child of a woman Vietnam veteran and to provide for the identification of covered birth defects, to implement recent legislation. (federalregister.gov)
  • This staff accounting bulletin expresses certain of the staff's views on the development, documentation, and application of a systematic methodology as required by Financial Reporting Release No. 28 for determining allowances for loan and lease losses in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. (sec.gov)
  • One of the GAO's principal findings was that most of the reviewed institutions' loan loss allowances included large supplemental reserves that generally were not linked to an analysis of loss exposure or supported by evidence. (sec.gov)
  • Another, involving nearly 1,100 U.S. ninth-graders, Mandell says, warned that allowances could weaken the development of work values. (star-telegram.com)
  • This means that eligibility for Domiciliary Care Allowance is not based on the type of impairment or disease, but on the resulting lack of function of body or mind which means the child needs extra care and attention. (citizensinformation.ie)
  • The allowance is granted by a child protection specialist or a social work specialist on the basis of the submitted documents. (tartu.ee)