Allomyces: A genus of aquatic fungi in the phylum BLASTOCLADIOMYCOTA. It is abundant in warmer climates and exhibits true alternation of generations.Chytridiomycota: A phylum of fungi that was formerly considered a subdivision of Phycomycetes. They are the only fungi that produce motile spores (zoospores) at some stage in their life cycle. Most are saprobes but they also include examples of plant, animal, and fungal pathogens.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Spores, Fungal: Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.National Human Genome Research Institute (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports research into the mapping of the human genome and other organism genomes. The National Center for Human Genome Research was established in 1989 and re-named the National Human Genome Research Institute in 1997.Hylobates: A genus of the family HYLOBATIDAE consisting of six species. The members of this genus inhabit rain forests in southeast Asia. They are arboreal and differ from other anthropoids in the great length of their arms and very slender bodies and limbs. Their major means of locomotion is by swinging from branch to branch by their arms. Hylobates means dweller in the trees. Some authors refer to Symphalangus and Nomascus as Hylobates. The six genera include: H. concolor (crested or black gibbon), H. hoolock (Hoolock gibbon), H. klossii (Kloss's gibbon; dwarf siamang), H. lar (common gibbon), H. pileatus (pileated gibbon), and H. syndactylus (siamang). H. lar is also known as H. agilis (lar gibbon), H. moloch (agile gibbon), and H. muelleri (silvery gibbon).Genome-Wide Association Study: An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.Human Genome Project: A coordinated effort of researchers to map (CHROMOSOME MAPPING) and sequence (SEQUENCE ANALYSIS, DNA) the human GENOME.Genome, Human: The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Oomycetes: Eukaryotes in the group STRAMENOPILES, formerly considered FUNGI, whose exact taxonomic level is unsettled. Many consider Oomycetes (Oomycota) a phylum in the kingdom Stramenopila, or alternatively, as Pseudofungi in the phylum Heterokonta of the kingdom Chromista. They are morphologically similar to fungi but have no close phylogenetic relationship to them. Oomycetes are found in both fresh and salt water as well as in terrestrial environments. (Alexopoulos et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th ed, pp683-4). They produce flagellated, actively motile spores (zoospores) that are pathogenic to many crop plants and FISHES.Phytophthora infestans: A species of parasitic OOMYCETES in the family Peronosporaceae that is the causative agent of late blight of potato.Phytophthora: A genus of destructive parasitic OOMYCETES in the family Peronosporaceae, order Peronosporales, affecting numerous fruit, vegetable, and other crops. Differentiation of zoospores usually takes place in the sporangium and no vesicle is formed. It was previously considered a fungus.SculptureSolanum tuberosum: A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The starchy roots are used as food. SOLANINE is found in green parts.ArchivesBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Ciliophora: A phylum of EUKARYOTES characterized by the presence of cilia at some time during the life cycle. It comprises three classes: KINETOFRAGMINOPHOREA; OLIGOHYMENOPHOREA; and POLYMENOPHOREA.Mucor: A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Mucoraceae, order Mucorales. It is primarily saprophytic, but may cause MUCORMYCOSIS in man from spores germinating in the lungs.Neurospora crassa: A species of ascomycetous fungi of the family Sordariaceae, order SORDARIALES, much used in biochemical, genetic, and physiologic studies.Volvox: A genus of GREEN ALGAE in the family Volvocaceae. They form spherical colonies of hundreds or thousands of bi-flagellated cells in a semi-transparent gelatinous ball.Dictyostelium: A genus of protozoa, formerly also considered a fungus. Its natural habitat is decaying forest leaves, where it feeds on bacteria. D. discoideum is the best-known species and is widely used in biomedical research.Myxomycetes: A division of organisms that exist vegetatively as complex mobile plasmodia, reproduce by means of spores, and have complex life cycles. They are now classed as protozoa but formerly were considered fungi.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Bowhead Whale: The species Balaena mysticetus, in the family Balaenidae, found in the colder waters of the Northern Hemisphere. The common name is derived from the extreme arching of the lower jaw.Evidence-Based Nursing: A way of providing nursing care that is guided by the integration of the best available scientific knowledge with nursing expertise. This approach requires nurses to critically assess relevant scientific data or research evidence, and to implement high-quality interventions for their nursing practice.Nursing Research: Research carried out by nurses, generally in clinical settings, in the areas of clinical practice, evaluation, nursing education, nursing administration, and methodology.Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Ascomycota: A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Botrytis: A mitosporic Leotiales fungal genus of plant pathogens. It has teleomorphs in the genus Botryotina.Oxalic Acid: A strong dicarboxylic acid occurring in many plants and vegetables. It is produced in the body by metabolism of glyoxylic acid or ascorbic acid. It is not metabolized but excreted in the urine. It is used as an analytical reagent and general reducing agent.Gout: Hereditary metabolic disorder characterized by recurrent acute arthritis, hyperuricemia and deposition of sodium urate in and around the joints, sometimes with formation of uric acid calculi.Weevils: BEETLES in the family Curculionidae and the largest family in the order COLEOPTERA. They have a markedly convex shape and many are considered pests.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Cytoskeleton: The network of filaments, tubules, and interconnecting filamentous bridges which give shape, structure, and organization to the cytoplasm.Cicatrix: The fibrous tissue that replaces normal tissue during the process of WOUND HEALING.Wasps: Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.Cicatrix, Hypertrophic: An elevated scar, resembling a KELOID, but which does not spread into surrounding tissues. It is formed by enlargement and overgrowth of cicatricial tissue and regresses spontaneously.Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Trichloroethylene: A highly volatile inhalation anesthetic used mainly in short surgical procedures where light anesthesia with good analgesia is required. It is also used as an industrial solvent. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of the vapor can lead to cardiotoxicity and neurological impairment.Developmental Biology: The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.Attentional Blink: Temporary visual deficit or impaired visual processing occurring in a rapid serial visual presentation task. After a person identifies the first of two visual targets, the ability to detect the second target is impaired for the next few hundred milliseconds. This phenomenon is called attentional blink.Embryology: The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Transforming Growth Factor beta3: A TGF-beta subtype that plays role in regulating epithelial-mesenchymal interaction during embryonic development. It is synthesized as a precursor molecule that is cleaved to form mature TGF-beta3 and TGF-beta3 latency-associated peptide. The association of the cleavage products results in the formation a latent protein which must be activated to bind its receptor.Emergency Medical Technicians: Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.
Eye evolution: two eyes can be better than one. (1/1)(+info)
Chytridiomycetes: Features and Significance| Phycomycotina
i) Some of the soil-inhabiting Chytridiomycetes attack the underground as well as aerial parts of the higher plants and cause diseases which are of great economic significance. For example, Synchytrium endobioticum causes black wart disease of potato; Urophlyctis alfalfae causes crown wart of alfalfa (Medicago); and Physoderma maydis causes brown spot disease of maize (Zea mays). (ii) Many chytrids indirectly harm humans and animals. They parasitize and destroy the phytoplanktonic forms of algae that form an important link in food chain of aquatic ecosystems. (iii) Various species of Allomyces and Blastocladiella have been found to be valuable research tools in studying morphogenesis. (iv) Species of Coelomomyces (C. anophelescia) are endoparasites on mosquito larvae and can be utilized for the biological control of the mosquito (Anopheles spp.), which is an important vector for the spread of malaria in human beings. ...
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Beyond Pesticides Daily News Blog » Blog Archive Pesticide Drift from Fields Impact Amphibian Populations - Beyond Pesticides...
Researchers from the Cooperative Wildlife Research Laboratory, Southern Illinois University and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) examined the chronic toxicity of two of the insecticides most commonly used in the Central Valley- chlorpyrifos and endosulfan, to larval Pacific treefrogs (Pseudacris regilla) and foothill yellow-legged frogs (Rana boylii), the amphibians with declining populations that live and breed in meadows surrounding the Sierra Nevada. The results are discussed in "Toxicity of Two Insecticides to California, USA, Anurans and Its Relevance to Declining Amphibian Populations." The study used laboratory testing to examine how the insecticides affected the two frogs at environmentally realistic concentrations. During testing, tadpoles were observed at various stages of development to see how the insecticides affected their growth and health.. The researchers found that endosulfan was more toxic than chlorpyrifos to both species, and tadpoles of both species developed abnormalities ...
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future applications in combating acne, kind 1 diabetes, and cancer cells. Although even more study is needed to confirm some uses of CBD oil, it is toning up as a possibly appealing and versatile treatment.. In June 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved one kind of CBD as a therapy for individuals with two rare and also specific kinds of epilepsy, particularly Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) or Dravet syndrome (DS).. The brand name of this drug is Epidiolex.. A lot more normally, marijuana acquired CBD items are not yet lawful at the federal level yet are legal under the legislations of some states. Hemp obtained CBD products which contain less than 0.3% THC are legal federally however are still prohibited in particular states.. People have to examine their states legislations and also those of anywhere they plan to take a trip. They have to bear in mind that the FDA do not authorize or regulate nonprescription CBD items. Consequently, labeling may be inaccurate. ...
Ralph Emerson (botanist)
One of his major contributions was a paper on they cytogenetics and cytotaxonomy of Allomyces. Beyond Allomyces and other ... It was during this time that he began his research into aquatic fungi, specifically the Allomyces, a research passion that ... Since the beginning of his academic career, Ralph Emerson had an interest in water molds, beginning with the genus Allomyces. ... "Studies of the nutrition and metabolism of the aquatic phycomycete, Allomyces." American Journal of Botany (1954): 146-152. ...
In Allomyces, the thallus (body) is attached by rhizoids, and has an erect trunk on which reproductive organs are formed at the ... The most remarkable are those members, such as Allomyces that demonstrate determinant, differentiated growth. As stated above, ... As well, two (once) popular model organisms-Allomyces macrogynus and Blastocladiella emersonii-belong to this phylum. ... Robertson 1974 Genus Blastocladia Reinsch 1877 Genus Allomyces Butler 1911 [Septocladia Coker & Grant 1922] James, T.Y.; et al ...
List of sequenced fungi genomes
Fungal Genetics Stock Center
... anomalus R.Emers. 1941 Allomyces arbusculus E.J.Butler 1911 Allomyces catenoides Sparrow 1964 Allomyces cystogenus R. ... 1941 Allomyces javanicus Kniep 1929 Allomyces macrogynus (R.Emers.) R.Emers. & C.M.Wilson 1954 Allomyces moniliformis Coker & ... Braxton 1926 Allomyces neomoniliformis Indoh 1940 Allomyces reticulatus R. Emers. & J.A.Robertson 1974 Allomyces strangulata ... Allomyces is a genus of chytrid fungi in the family Blastocladiaceae. It was circumscribed by British mycologist Edwin John ...
... is commonly grown in media with casein hydrolysate and yeast extracts as the source of nitrogen and growth ... Allomyces macrogynus is a species of fungus in the family Blastocladiaceae. It was first described by mycologist Ralph Emerson ... The genome of Allomyces macrogynus has been sequenced and this makes it desirable to review an organism of interesting ... Allomyces macrogynus also shows chemotropism in the growing hyphal organisms by which the rhizoids can grow towards amino acid ...
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Allomyces - Wikipedia
Allomyces anomalus R.Emers. 1941 Allomyces arbusculus E.J.Butler 1911 Allomyces catenoides Sparrow 1964 Allomyces cystogenus R. ... 1941 Allomyces javanicus Kniep 1929 Allomyces macrogynus (R.Emers.) R.Emers. & C.M.Wilson 1954 Allomyces moniliformis Coker & ... Braxton 1926 Allomyces neomoniliformis Indoh 1940 Allomyces reticulatus R. Emers. & J.A.Robertson 1974 Allomyces strangulata ... Allomyces is a genus of chytrid fungi in the family Blastocladiaceae. It was circumscribed by British mycologist Edwin John ...
Allomyces catenoides - Wikipedia
Relation Between Basophilia and Fine Structure of Cytoplasm in the Fungus Allomyces macrogynus Em | Journal of Cell Biology |...
Relation Between Basophilia and Fine Structure of Cytoplasm in the Fungus Allomyces macrogynus Em Benigna Blondel, Benigna ... THE DEVELOPMENT OF BASAL BODIES AND FLAGELLA IN ALLOMYCES ARBUSCULUS THE MICROFIBRILLAR STRUCTURE OF THE CELL WALLS OF THE ... In a fungus, Allomyces macrogynus Em., staining tests have revealed changes in the location of cytoplasmic basophilia following ... Benigna Blondel, Gilbert Turian; Relation Between Basophilia and Fine Structure of Cytoplasm in the Fungus Allomyces macrogynus ...
The tubulin cytoskeleton and its sites of nucleation in hyphal tips of Allomyces macrogynus<...
The tubulin cytoskeleton and its sites of nucleation in hyphal tips of Allomyces macrogynus. / Roberson, Robert; Vargas, M. M. ... Roberson, R & Vargas, MM 1994, The tubulin cytoskeleton and its sites of nucleation in hyphal tips of Allomyces macrogynus, ... Roberson, Robert ; Vargas, M. M. / The tubulin cytoskeleton and its sites of nucleation in hyphal tips of Allomyces macrogynus ... The tubulin cytoskeleton and its sites of nucleation in hyphal tips of Allomyces macrogynus. Protoplasma. 1994 Mar 1;182(1-2): ...
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NHGRI Aims To Sequence Primate Genomes ( The National Human Genome Research Inst...)
Status of Fungal Genome projects | Broad Institute
Fungi | Idaho State University
Idaho State University, a Carnegie-classified doctoral research and teaching institution founded in 1901, attracts students from around the world to its Idaho campuses. ISU offers access to high-quality education in more than 250 programs. Over 13,000 students attend ISU, receiving education and training in those programs.
What's New | Broad Institute
Evolutionary, structural and functional analysis of the caleosin/peroxygenase gene family in the Fungi | Springer for Research ...
For example, in the case of the basal species, Rozella allomyces, three of the five major CLO/PXG motifs appear to be missing ... Next to this clade we find species belonging to the Blastocladiomycota (Allomyces macrogynus and Catenaria anguillulae), ... Allomyces macrogynus (AmaCLO1), Spizellomyces punctatus (SpCLO1), Mitosporidium daphnia (MdCLO1) and Rozella allomycis (RaCLO1) ... Allomyces macrogymus (AmaCLO), Rozella allomycis (RaCLO) were obtained from NCBI (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/) via local ...
Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C
Examination 3 |Ascomycota
13. In comparing Arachniotus trisporus and Aspergillus amstelodami, it is found that: ~(both produce catenu~e conidia) (the conidia of both are colored) (the conidia of neither are colored) (thet~asci are very different) ~(in both, the asci have a scattered arrangement) (in both, the ascocarp has a firm and well-defined peridium) (both produce chlamydospores) (both produce racquet mycelium) (their natural habitats are similar.) ...
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Pommerville J. Analysis of gamete and zygote motility in Allomyces. Exp Cell Res. 1978;113:161-172. [PubMed] ... Development of Rozella in Allomyces - a single zoospore produced numerous zoosporangia and resistant sporangia. Can J Bot. 1980 ... The significance of meiosis in Allomyces. Science. 1949;110:86-88. [PubMed] ... in Allomyces, female gametes produce a sesquiterpene pheromone, sirenin, that attracts male gametes . In these organsisms, ...
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Systematic and searchable classification of cytochrome P450 proteins encoded by fungal and oomycete genomes | BMC Genomics |...
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Introduction to the Chytridiomycota
Allomyces in the Devonian. Nature 367:601. Image of Allomyces courtesy Tom Volk at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse. ... Some Devonian forms are parasitic on rhyniophytes and closely resemble the modern genus Allomyces (Blastocladiales), both in ... Allomyces). For more on chytrids:. Visit the Neocallimastix Page, all about an anaerobic chytrid with unusual organelles. You ...
Gene Expansion Shapes Genome Architecture in the Human Pathogen Lichtheimia corymbifera: An Evolutionary Genomics Analysis in...
- 1941 Allomyces javanicus Kniep 1929 Allomyces macrogynus (R.Emers. (wikipedia.org)
- In a fungus, Allomyces macrogynus Em. (rupress.org)
- The tubulin cytoskeleton in hyphal tip cells of Allomyces macrogynus was detected with an α-tubulin monoclonal antibody and analyzed with microscopic and immunoblot techniques. (elsevier.com)
- Roberson, R & Vargas, MM 1994, ' The tubulin cytoskeleton and its sites of nucleation in hyphal tips of Allomyces macrogynus ', Protoplasma , vol. 182, no. 1-2, pp. 19-31. (elsevier.com)
- The mitochondrial DNA of Allomyces macrogynus: the complete genomic sequence from an ancestral fungus. (nih.gov)
- Cleavage of cytoplasm within the oligonucleate zoosporangia of allomyces macrogynus. (semanticscholar.org)
- Cytokinesis of the binucleate zoosporangia of Allomyces macrogynus. (semanticscholar.org)
- Control treatments of zoospore formation in living sporangia of Allomyces macrogynus were observed with video-enhanced differential interference contrast optics (A through D) and confocal microscopy after FM4-64 staining (E through H). Minutes and seconds in the upper left corners indicate postinduction times. (asmscience.org)
- Staying in the Kingdom Fungi, we next arrive at a divergence leading to Rozella allomycis [ 4 ] ( Figure 2A ), an intracellular parasite of the Blastocladiomycota fungus Allomyces . (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Female sexual cells of the aquatic fungus Allomyces release the isoprenoid syrenin, a stimulus of chemotaxis of male sexual cells toward female cells. (thefreedictionary.com)