Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.
Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.
A republic in western Africa, southwest of ALGERIA and west of MALI. Its capital is Nouakchott.
A belief or practice which lacks adequate basis for proof; an embodiment of fear of the unknown, magic, and ignorance.
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
The rigid framework of connected bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports its soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for MUSCLES.
A family of snakes comprising the boas, anacondas, and pythons. They occupy a variety of habitats through the tropics and subtropics and are arboreal, aquatic or fossorial (burrowing). Some are oviparous, others ovoviviparous. Contrary to popular opinion, they do not crush the bones of their victims: their coils exert enough pressure to stop a prey's breathing, thus suffocating it. There are five subfamilies: Boinae, Bolyerinae, Erycinae, Pythoninae, and Tropidophiinae. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, p315-320)
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
A complex body of social, cultural, and religious beliefs and practices evolved in and largely confined to the Indian subcontinent and marked by a caste system, an outlook tending to view all forms and theories as aspects of one eternal being and truth, and the practice of the way of works, the way of knowledge, or the way of devotion as a means of release from the round of rebirths. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Single or multi-sheet notices made to attract attention to events, activities, causes, goods, or services. They are for display, usually in a public place and are chiefly pictorial.
The stonecrop plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida that grow in warm, dry regions. The leaves are thick. The flower clusters are red, yellow, or white.
A plant genus of the family Aloeaceae, order Liliales (or Asphodelaceae, Asparagales in APG system) which is used medicinally. It contains anthraquinone glycosides such as aloin-emodin or aloe-emodin (EMODIN).
The force applied by the masticatory muscles in dental occlusion.
The back (or posterior) of the FOOT in PRIMATES, found behind the ANKLE and distal to the TOES.
Any one of five terminal digits of the vertebrate FOOT.
Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.
Dressings comprised of a self-adhesive matrix to which hydrophilic absorbent particles are embedded. The particles consist of CELLULOSE derivatives; calcium ALGINATES; PECTINS; or GELS. The utility is based on providing a moist environment for WOUND HEALING.
Use of computers or computer systems for doing routine clerical work, e.g., billing, records pertaining to the administration of the office, etc.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.
In the YIN-YANG system of philosophy and medicine, a lack of vital energy (called yangxu in Chinese). It manifests itself in various systemic and organic diseases. (The Pinyin Chinese-English Dictionary, 1979)
In the YIN-YANG system of philosophy and medicine, an insufficiency of body fluid (called yinxu), manifesting often as irritability, thirst, constipation, etc. (The Pinyin Chinese-English Dictionary, 1979).
The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.
Niobium. A metal element atomic number 41, atomic weight 92.906, symbol Nb. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Electrical devices that are composed of semiconductor material, with at least three connections to an external electronic circuit. They are used to amplify electrical signals, detect signals, or as switches.
The comparison of the quantity of meaningful data to the irrelevant or incorrect data.
Large herbivorous tropical American lizards.
Bites inflicted by humans.
Bites by snakes. Bite by a venomous snake is characterized by stinging pain at the wound puncture. The venom injected at the site of the bite is capable of producing a deleterious effect on the blood or on the nervous system. (Webster's 3d ed; from Dorland, 27th ed, at snake, venomous)
Invasion of the site of trauma by pathogenic microorganisms.

Temperature-dependent sex determination: upregulation of SOX9 expression after commitment to male development. (1/262)

In mammals, birds and reptiles the morphological development of the gonads appear to be conserved. This conservation is evident despite the different sex determining switches employed by these vertebrate groups. Mammals exhibit chromosomal sex determination (CSD) where the key sex determining switch is the Y-linked gene, SRY. Although SRY is the trigger for testis determination in mammals, it is not conserved in other vertebrate groups. However, a gene closely related to SRY, the highly conserved transcription factor, SOX9, plays an important role in the testis pathway of mammals and birds. In contrast to the CSD mechanism evident in mammals and birds, many reptiles exhibit temperature dependent sex determination (TSD) where the egg incubation temperature triggers sex determination. Here we examine the expression of SOX9 during gonadogenesis in the American alligator, (Alligator mississippiensis), a reptile that exhibits TSD. Alligator SOX9 is expressed in the embryonic testis but not in the ovary. However, the timing of SOX9 upregulation in the developing testis is not consistent with a role for this gene in the early stages of alligator sex determination. Since SOX9 upregulation in male embryos coincides with the structural organisation of the testis, SOX9 may operate farther downstream in the vertebrate sex differentiation pathway than previously postulated.  (+info)

The existence of Merkel cells in the lingual connective tissue of the Surinam caiman, Caiman crocodilus crocodilus (order Crocodilia). (2/262)

The tongue of the Surinam caiman (a reptilian species) was studied by light microscopy including immunohistochemistry for protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5), and transmission electron microscopy. The connective tissue immediately under taste buds housed a cluster of cells immunoreactive for PGP 9.5. These cells synapsed on nerves, and their cytoplasm contained characteristic granules of 90 nm in the mean diameter, glycogen particles, and bundles of intermediate filaments. In light of these ultrastructural features, they were identified as Merkel cells. The Merkel cells were also surrounded by Schwann cells. These findings indicate that the present Merkel cell-neurite-Schwann cell complex is comparable to the avian Merkel corpuscle. On the basis of the granule localization in the cytoplasm, the caiman Merkel cell was presumed to be involved in not only mechanoreception but also endocrine or paracrine functions.  (+info)

Origin of gene overlap: the case of TCP1 and ACAT2. (3/262)

The human acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase 2 gene, ACAT2, codes for a thiolase, an enzyme involved in lipid metabolism. The human T-complex protein 1 gene, TCP1, encodes a molecular chaperone of the chaperonin family. The two genes overlap by their 3'-untranslated regions, their coding sequences being located on opposite DNA strands in a tail-to-tail orientation. To find out how the overlap might have arisen in evolution, the homologous genes of the zebrafish, the African toad, caiman, platypus, opossum, and wallaby were identified. In each species, standard or long polymerase chain reactions were used to determine whether the ACAT2 and TCP1 homologs are closely linked and, if so, whether they overlap. The results reveal that the overlap apparently arose during the transition from therapsid reptiles to mammals and has been retained for >200 million years. Part of the overlapping untranslated region shows remarkable sequence conservation. The overlap presumably arose during the chromosomal rearrangement that brought the two unrelated and previously separated genes together. One or both of the transposed genes found by chance signals that are necessary for the processing of their transcripts to be present on the noncoding strand of the partner gene.  (+info)

Identification and characterization of proteins synthesized de novo and secreted by the reproductive tract of the American alligator, Alligator mississippiensis. (4/262)

The objectives of this study were to identify, characterize and examine differences in proteins synthesized de novo and secreted by different regions of the reproductive tract of the American alligator, Alligator mississippiensis, during three reproductive (vitellogenic, gravid, post-clutch) and one non-reproductive state. After capture, alligators from lakes in north central Florida were anaesthetized, the reproductive tract excised aseptically, the size of any follicle determined, and different functional regions of the tract dissected out and partitioned for explant culture. Analysis of the biosynthetic activity indicated regional variations within the tract, differences among reproductive groups and region by status interactions. When oviductal regions were considered regardless of reproductive status, the greatest incorporation of [3H]Leu into secreted nondialysable macromolecules was by the anterior and posterior infundibulum and oviductal tube compared with the transition zone and the uterus. When status was included, the biosynthetic activity of the anterior and posterior portion of the tract in non-reproductive alligators was not different, whereas that of the posterior region of the reproductive group (vitellogenic, gravid, post-clutch) was significantly lower than that of the anterior region. This finding indicates that regulation of protein synthesis and secretion by the non-reproductive alligator tract is different from that in the tract of the reproductive group. Explant-conditioned media were analysed by one-dimensional and two-dimensional SDS-PAGE and fluorography. Sixteen major proteins in culture media were identified as de novo synthesized, by relative molecular weight, by isoelectric point and by differences in distribution determined for reproductive status and oviductal region. Six proteins were examined by N-terminal amino acid microsequence analysis. On the basis of a 29 amino acid sequence, the major oviductal protein, alligator protein 1 (aP1: M(r) 55,000, basic), found in the infundibulum and tube of vitellogenic alligators, was identical to the major protein isolated from alligator egg albumen. Four proteins (aP4-aP7) were sequenced and shown to be significantly related to immunoglobulin heavy chains from several species. This study demonstrated that a large number of proteins are synthesized de novo and released by the female alligator reproductive tract and that there are biosynthetic activity differences by reproductive status and region. Six proteins have been identified, several of which may be incorporated into alligator egg albumen and some of which appear to be different from proteins found in the egg albumens of other species.  (+info)

What determines the bending strength of compact bone? (5/262)

The bending strength of a wide variety of bony types is shown to be nearly linearly proportional to Young's modulus of elasticity/100. A somewhat closer and more satisfactory fit is obtained if account is taken of the variation of yield strain with Young's modulus. This finding strongly suggests that bending strength is determined by the yield strain. The yield stress in tension, which might be expected to predict the bending strength, underestimates the true bending strength by approximately 40 %. This may be explained by two phenomena. (1) The post-yield deformation of the bone material allows a greater bending moment to be exerted after the yield point has been reached, thereby increasing the strength as calculated from beam formulae. (2) Loading in bending results in a much smaller proportion of the volume of the specimens being raised to high stresses than is the case in tension, and this reduces the likelihood of a weak part of the specimen being loaded to failure.  (+info)

Evolution of the ventricles. (6/262)

We studied the evolution of ventricles by macroscopic examination of the hearts of marine cartilaginous and bony fish, and by angiocardiography and gross examination of the hearts of air-breathing freshwater fish, frogs, turtles, snakes, and crocodiles. A right-sided, thin-walled ventricular lumen is seen in the fish, frog, turtle, and snake. In fish, there is external symmetry of the ventricle, internal asymmetry, and a thick-walled left ventricle with a small inlet chamber. In animals such as frogs, turtles, and snakes, the left ventricle exists as a small-cavitied contractile sponge. The high pressure generated by this spongy left ventricle, the direction of the jet, the ventriculoarterial orientation, and the bulbar spiral valve in the frog help to separate the systemic and pulmonary circulations. In the crocodile, the right aorta is connected to the left ventricle, and there is a complete interventricular septum and an improved left ventricular lumen when compared with turtles and snakes. The heart is housed in a rigid pericardial cavity in the shark, possibly to protect it from changing underwater pressure. The pericardial cavity in various species permits movements of the heart-which vary depending on the ventriculoarterial orientation and need for the ventricle to generate torque or spin on the ejected blood- that favor run-off into the appropriate arteries and their branches. In the lower species, it is not clear whether the spongy myocardium contributes to myocardial oxygenation. In human beings, spongy myocardium constitutes a rare form of congenital heart disease.  (+info)

Reptilian chemistry: characterization of dianeackerone, a secretory product from a crocodile. (7/262)

The major volatile component in the paracloacal glandular secretion of the adult African dwarf crocodile (Osteolaemus tetraspis) was isolated and characterized as a 19-carbon aromatic ketone, dianeackerone (3,7-diethyl-9-phenyl-2-nonanone). This ketone is absent from the secretion of immatures. Careful examination of dianeackerone samples isolated from individual adults revealed that this ketone occurs as both the (3S, 7S) and (3S, 7R) stereoisomers, with different individuals presenting strikingly different ratios of the isomeric forms. Our initial suspicion that the stereoisomeric dianeackerones might be indicators of gender proved untenable, leaving the role of these glandular constituents a challenge for future study.  (+info)

Reptilian chemistry: characterization of a family of dianeackerone-related steroidal esters from a crocodile secretion. (8/262)

The African dwarf crocodile, Osteolaemus tetraspis (Crocodilidae, Reptilia), possesses a pair of skin glands, the paracloacal glands, the secretion of which is thought to be used to mark nest sites or attract mates. Ten aromatic steroidal esters were isolated from this secretion and characterized on the basis of NMR spectroscopic investigations, electrospray ionization-MS analyses, and chemical degradation. These esters, which account for more than 90% of the paracloacal glandular secretion, are derived from either cholesterol or cholestanol, esterified with a C-20 or C-22 acid closely related to dianeackerone, the only significant volatile compound found in this secretion.  (+info)

Adult male American alligators measure 3.4 to 4.6 m (11.2 to 15.1 ft) in length, and can weigh up to 453 kg (999 lb). Females are smaller, measuring 2.6 to 3 m (8.5 to 9.8 ft) in length. The American alligator inhabits freshwater wetlands, such as marshes and cypress swamps from Texas to southeastern and coastal North Carolina. It is distinguished from the sympatric American crocodile by its broader snout, with overlapping jaws and darker coloration, and is less tolerant of saltwater but more tolerant of cooler climates than the American crocodile, which is found only in tropical climates. American alligators are apex predators and consume fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Hatchlings feed mostly on invertebrates. They play an important role as ecosystem engineers in wetland ecosystems through the creation of alligator holes, which provide both wet and dry habitats for other organisms. Throughout the year, in particular during the breeding season, American alligators bellow to ...
We examined indices of salt gland function both in vivo and in vitro and the ultrastructual morphology of the salt secreting tissue of the estuarine crocodile, Crocodylus porosus to determine its long-term adaptive capacity and phenotypic plasticity following chronic exposure to hypo- and hyperosmotic environmental conditions. As previously established, salt glands play a pivotal role in the maintenance of osmotic homeostasis in C. porosus living in hyperosmotic conditions. However, little was known about long-term effects of prolonged exposure to hyperosmotic environments on the maintenance of osmotic homeostasis. All haematological values measured in this study for SW-acclimated animals were within the ranges reported for wild-caught C. porosus living in water bodies of varying salinities (Grigg, 1981; Wells et al., 1991), suggesting that SW-acclimated crocodiles were able to successfully maintain osmotic homeostasis despite extended exposure to hyperosmotic conditions. Moreover, extended ...
Floridas fearsome lord of the swamps, the American alligator, ranks sixth in the world in the power of its bite.The strongest bite belongs to the saltwater crocodile, a Pacific ocean species
The saltwater crocodile is most commonly found on the coasts of northern Australia, and the islands of New Guinea and Indonesia. It ranges west as far as the shores of Sri Lanka and eastern India, all
The (maximal) bite force of the Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) is estimated around 22,000 Newton (refer to YouTube interview with Ofer Kobi, a crocodile conservation ranger and croc farm owner, time 7:50-8:00, Hebrew , where he estimates the bite force as above 2 metric tons). However, I didnt find a proper reference for this. Dr. Gregory Erickson measured the bite forces of a 5.2 meters long Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) and obtained a value of about 16,000+ Newton and estimated a 6.7 meters long Saltwater Crocodile can exert a bite twice as strong (about 34,000 Newton). See Paper by Gregory Erickson et al. Interesting to note that Erickson measured small Nile Crocodile (total body length , 3 meters) so it does not represent the bite force of a full adult big crocodile.. Remarks on units of force:. 1 Newton = 1 kg * 1 meter / sec^2. $1 \ \mathrm{Newton} = \frac{\mathrm{kg} \times \mathrm{meter}}{\mathrm{second}^2}$. 1 Newton = 0.224808943 lbf = 0.225 lbf (pound-force). 10,000 ...
Alligators experience large but variable increases in LES pressure during bouts of ventilation compared with apnea. The increase in pressure generally ranged from 200% to 3000%. However, on rare occasions, no pressure increase was seen coincident with ventilation. Fluctuations in LES pressure during apnea and ventilation have also been observed in anesthetized piglets (Kiatchoosakun et al., 2002). Kiatchoosakun et al. (2002) used hypoxia to stimulate respiratory rate and found a peak increase in LES pressure of 49% (from a baseline of 0.65±0.09kPa to 1.0±0.12kPa). This increase in LES pressure was blocked by atropine, indicating cholinergic control of LES tone. A decline in LES pressure accompanied the development of apnea during a subsequent hyperoxic exposure. These authors suggest that a loss of respiratory neural output might contribute to the loss of LES tone. A cholinergic-dependent neuromuscular control of the LES is also observed in humans. Thus, the changes in pressure observed within ...
Ruhana, Hassan and Nur Fatimah, Mohd Azizi and Muhammad Amirul Arib, Md Adzhar and Mohd Izwan Zulaini, Abdul Gani and Rambli, Ahmad and Leh, Charles Moi Ung (2018) A Taphonomic Study of Crocodylus porosus (Crocodylidae) and Tomistoma schlegelii (Gavialidae) Remains from Western Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo: Applications for Public Education. Trends in Undergraduate Research, 1 (1). pp. 23-32. ISSN 2637-093X ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
To explore CR1 distribution in C. porosus, macroarrays were screened with CR1b-derived overgos or a combination of CR1a and CR1b overgos. Comparison of the CR1b- and CR1a/b-probed macroarrays revealed that the CR1a and CR1b subfamilies are not distinguishable in our assay, i.e., virtually no differences in hybridization pattern and intensity were observed when comparing the CR1b and CR1a/CR1b filters (data not shown). It was clear, however, that elements similar to CR1a and b are fairly abundant in C. porosus. Examination of one-quarter of the CR1a/b-probed macroarray (Figure 3A) indicates that 8.9% of clones show hybridization to the CR1a/b overgos while CR1b overgo hybridization to a filter stamped with the contents of a single 384-well plate from the BAC library suggests that 12.8% of clones (49 of 384) are positive for the CR1b overgo (Figure 4). Densitometric analysis of the macroarray reveals that there is a six-fold variation in positive clone hybridization intensity. If the lightest, but ...
Define Archosauria. Archosauria synonyms, Archosauria pronunciation, Archosauria translation, English dictionary definition of Archosauria. Noun 1. Archosauria - a large subclass of diapsid reptiles including: crocodiles; alligators; dinosaurs; pterosaurs; plesiosaurs; ichthyosaurs; thecodonts...
American Alligator - Beware of this fast swimmer and powerful biter in the Southeast rivers and fresh waters. It can grow to be 14 ft or perhaps more!
Seems like nothing is more fascinating to a second grader than crocodiles and other semi-monsters. Usually, kids wonder about the difference between alligators and crocodiles. This book, part of the Which Animal is Which? series, gives definitive answers for that difference in a way that second graders can understand.. Alligators live in fresh water. Crocodiles can live in salt water. The reptiles snouts are shaped differently. Alligators have a wider jaw and are a darker color. Only a few of an alligators top teeth show when its mouth is closed. Crocodiles show most of their teeth with their mouths closed. Alligator mothers make mounds for their eggs. Crocodile mothers dig holes. Alligator mothers stay with the babies for up to a year. Crocodiles leave the young once they reach the water. All these ideas are easily accessible and memorable for kids.. The photographs included provide wonderful illustrations of the concepts discussed. Who can resist the smile of a crocodile? And its amazing ...
A crocodile farm or alligator farm is an establishment for breeding and raising of crocodilians in order to produce crocodile and alligator meat, leather, and other goods. Many species of both alligators and crocodiles are farmed internationally. In Louisiana alone, alligator farming is a $60 to $70 million industry. Though not truly domesticated, alligators and crocodiles have been bred in farms since at least the early 20th century. Most of these early businesses, such as St. Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park, established in 1893, were farms in name only, primarily keeping alligators and crocodiles as a tourist attraction. Only in the 1960s did commercial operations that either harvested eggs from the wild or bred alligators on-site begin to appear. This was largely driven by diminishing stocks of wild alligators, which had been hunted nearly to extinction by that time. As the American alligator was placed under official protection in 1967 (under a law preceding the 1973 Endangered ...
An accurate count of annual crocodile attacks on humans is difficult to obtain. Many of the areas in which humans and large crocodiles come into contact are remote, impoverished, or in areas of political unrest. Crocodile attacks are not always reported to local authorities, and some reports are difficult to verify. Nevertheless, some information does exist: for example, it was reported by CAMPFIRE in Zimbabwe that in the first ten months of the year in 2005 crocodiles were the number one cause of death in humans where wildlife was involved - with the number of deaths cited as 13. Unlike other man-eating crocodiles, such as the saltwater crocodile, the Nile crocodile lives in proximity to human populations, so contact is more frequent. Although most attacks are not reported, the Nile crocodile is estimated to kill hundreds (possibly thousands) of people each year, which is more than all other crocodilian species combined.[2][3] One study posited the number of attacks by Nile crocodiles per ...
Over their monthlong expedition, photographer Trevor Frost and filmmaker Melissa Lesh set out to capture photos and videos of saltwater crocodiles that no one has seen before- the dinners-eye view. They had nine successful deployments, which captured what is likely the first videos ever of a saltwater crocodile attack from the inside of its mouth.When Frost first went to Australia a few years ago, he was shocked to find out that there are still crocodile hunters. He became fascinated with the subculture surrounding saltwater crocodiles, the largest living reptile. Saltwater crocodiles grow to about 20 feet in length and can weigh over 2,200 pounds. And if that doesnt seem like danger enough for a hunter, saltwater crocs have the strongest recorded bite force of any animal on the planet-anywhere between 3,000 and 5,000 pounds per square inch. That kind of force can easily crush a human skull. There were only an estimated 3,000 saltwater crocs left in Australia by 1970, but now some scientists say there
Over their monthlong expedition, photographer Trevor Frost and filmmaker Melissa Lesh set out to capture photos and videos of saltwater crocodiles that no one has seen before- the dinners-eye view. They had nine successful deployments, which captured what is likely the first videos ever of a saltwater crocodile attack from the inside of its mouth.When Frost first went to Australia a few years ago, he was shocked to find out that there are still crocodile hunters. He became fascinated with the subculture surrounding saltwater crocodiles, the largest living reptile. Saltwater crocodiles grow to about 20 feet in length and can weigh over 2,200 pounds. And if that doesnt seem like danger enough for a hunter, saltwater crocs have the strongest recorded bite force of any animal on the planet-anywhere between 3,000 and 5,000 pounds per square inch. That kind of force can easily crush a human skull. There were only an estimated 3,000 saltwater crocs left in Australia by 1970, but now some scientists say there
Using our CAMP discovery process and only 100 μl of alligator plasma, we have previously identified five novel antimicrobial peptides from A. mississippiensis that exhibit antibacterial activity [8]. Our bioprospecting-based process provides a unique access to the antimicrobial peptidome, and is a significant advance in the effort to identify novel antimicrobial peptides in nature. In this study, we present detailed characterization of the structure and function of three alligator plasma-derived peptides: Apo5, Apo6, and A1P. We demonstrated that Apo5, Apo6, and A1P are potent antimicrobial peptides that extend their efficacy against multi-drug resistant and clinically relevant pathogens, such as A. baumannii. The two peptides Apo5 and Apo6 are both derived from a predicted apolipoprotein C-1 in A. mississippiensis. Apolipoproteins bind lipids; apolipoprotein C-1 in particular is known to bind phospholipids and is a marker of apoptosis [11, 12, 43, 44]. Apo6 is a smaller derivative of Apo5; ...
The name alligator comes from the Portuguese word lagarto (lat. Lacerta, t. E. A lizard) and commonly used in South America from the British and Dutch colonists, as well as in North America; The name of this animal caiman give negros Guiana and French colonists. True alligators come from Australia. They are named in honor of the Alligator River. Chinese and American alligators belong to the family of crocodiles and bear the name of a completely undeserved. Crocodiles are in the language of the salt gland. If they swallow too much salt water, excess salts are recovered through them into the environment ...
Background Crocodilians (Order Crocodylia) are an ancient vertebrate group of tremendous ecological, social, and evolutionary importance. They are the only extant reptilian members of Archosauria, a monophyletic group that also includes birds, dinosaurs, and pterosaurs. Consequently, crocodilian genomes represent a gateway through which the molecular evolution of avian lineages can be explored. To facilitate comparative genomics within Crocodylia and between crocodilians and other archosaurs, we have constructed a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library for the Australian saltwater crocodile, Crocodylus porosus. This is the first BAC library for a crocodile and only the second BAC resource for a crocodilian. Results The C. porosus BAC library consists of 101,760 individually archived clones stored in 384-well microtiter plates. Not I digestion of random clones indicates an average insert size of 102 kb. Based on a genome size estimate of 2778 Mb, the library affords 3.7 fold (3.7×) coverage of
Ecology. Habitat. Fresh Water swamps and waterways only.. Distribution. Diet. Carnivorous, Fish, snakes, frogs, turtles, birds, and mammals.. Ecological Web. Activity and Behavior. Activity Pattern. Alligators are active durring the day and at night, this is considered cathemeral. Durring the day alligators thermoregulate and bask in the sun. Alligators hunt and feed primarily at night.. Behavior. Social Behavior. Young alligators stay near their hatchling site and form a tight social group. This behavior aids in survival and protection from predators. As adults, alligators do have loose social contact. Reproductive Behavior. Offspring. Between 30-50 eggs are laid in a ground litter nest for their incubation period. The eggs are then covered so that the temperature can rise. Warmer temperatures produce males, cooler temperatures produce females.. Conservation. Status. Historical. Current Threats. Our Role. ...
Posted on 05/18/2013 2:08:28 PM PDT by LibWhacker. An international team of scientists led by Prof Cheng-Ming Chuong from the University of Southern California has discovered unique cellular and molecular mechanisms behind tooth renewal in American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis).. Their findings, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pave the way for tooth regeneration in people. Humans naturally only have two sets of teeth baby teeth and adult teeth. Ultimately, we want to identify stem cells that can be used as a resource to stimulate tooth renewal in adult humans who have lost teeth. But, to do that, we must first understand how they renew in other animals and why they stop in people, Prof Chuong said. Whereas most vertebrates can replace teeth throughout their lives, human teeth are naturally replaced only once, despite the lingering presence of a band of epithelial tissue called the dental lamina, which is crucial to tooth development. Because alligators ...
ID A0A151MF56_ALLMI Unreviewed; 2363 AA. AC A0A151MF56; DT 08-JUN-2016, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 08-JUN-2016, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 11. DE RecName: Full=Voltage-dependent N-type calcium channel subunit alpha {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU003808}; GN ORFNames=Y1Q_0005596 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYO23157.1}; OS Alligator mississippiensis (American alligator). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Archelosauria; Archosauria; Crocodylia; Alligatoridae; Alligatorinae; OC Alligator. OX NCBI_TaxID=8496 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYO23157.1}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYO23157.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000050525} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=KSC_2009_1 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYO23157.1}; RX PubMed=22293439; DOI=10.1186/gb-2012-13-1-415; RA St John J.A., Braun E.L., Isberg S.R., Miles L.G., Chong A.Y., RA Gongora J., Dalzell P., Moran C., Bedhom B., Abzhanov A., RA Burgess S.C., Cooksey A.M., Castoe T.A., Crawford N.G., ...
ID A0A151M8E8_ALLMI Unreviewed; 1151 AA. AC A0A151M8E8; DT 08-JUN-2016, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 08-JUN-2016, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 5. DE SubName: Full=Transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 6 isoform B {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYO20775.1}; GN Name=TRPM6 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYO20775.1}; GN ORFNames=Y1Q_0012636 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYO20775.1}; OS Alligator mississippiensis (American alligator). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Archelosauria; Archosauria; Crocodylia; Alligatoridae; Alligatorinae; OC Alligator. OX NCBI_TaxID=8496 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYO20775.1}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYO20775.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000050525} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=KSC_2009_1 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYO20775.1}; RX PubMed=22293439; DOI=10.1186/gb-2012-13-1-415; RA St John J.A., Braun E.L., Isberg S.R., Miles L.G., Chong A.Y., RA Gongora J., Dalzell P., Moran C., Bedhom B., Abzhanov A., RA ...
Yesterday a new study was released in the journal of Physiological and Biochemical Zoology. Researchers from the University of Utah, studied the effects of the well documented right-to-left shunt in crocodylians.Okay, lets get the exposition out of the way first.. Mammals and birds are both characterized by a 4 chambered heart. This heart allows the complete separation of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood streams. Less publicized, but equally as important, this separation also allows for a pressure differential to exist between the two ventricular chambers. That way the right - pulmonary side - of the heart can pump deoxygenated blood at low pressure to the delicate walls of the alveoli in the lungs, while the left - systemic side - of the heart, can pump oxygenated blood at much higher pressure (~7 times higher) to the entire body.. Reptiles and amphibians differ from mammals and birds, in that they have a heart divided into 3 chambers (two atria, one ventricle). This allows for mixing of ...
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General Information: Alligators do not truely hibernate, but they do undergo periods of dormancy in cold weather. They are known to search out caves in the banks of waterways and use them as dens. Females usually have a small range, while males occupy areas of greater than two miles. Both sexes become more active and extend their territory during the breeding months of April and May.. Special Anatomical, Physiological, or Behavioral Adaptations: Modern Alligators have many adaptations that make them well suited to their wetland envirnment. Their eyes, ears, and nose are positioned to peek out just above the waterline so they can locate prey without being easily identified. Their eyes and nostrils close by reflex when the animal goes underwater, and they have a transparent third eyelid, or nictitating membrane, that covers the eye as the animal moves through the water.. Reproduction: Sexual maturity is based upon the size of the Alligator. Both sexes are usually considered mature when they reach ...
Mycoplasma alligatoris is a species of bacteria in the Mycoplasma genus. It is classified in the Bacteria domain, Firmicutes phylum, Mollicutes class, Mycoplasma order, and Mycoplasmataceae family. Many organisms of the Mycoplasma genus are known pathogens in humans and animal species. Mycoplasma alligatoris is known to elicit a fatal disease with inflammatory characteristics that can cause rapid death of alligators and caimans. Mycoplasma alligatoris was first isolated in a study led by D. R. Brown of six captive alligators showing signs of pneumonia, polyserositis (inflammation of serous membranes), and multifocal arthritis. The isolates were obtained from various organs, blood, synovial fluid, and cerebrospinal fluid and subject to various experimental tests for identification purposes. Primary isolates were cultured in ATCC medium 98 agar containing 105 U penicillin G 1−1, 10 5 U polymyin B 1 −1, 65 mg cefoperazone 1 −1 and 20% (v/v) fetal bovine serum in 5% CO2 atmosphere or in ...
Average weight: between 600 and 2,000 pounds., Nile crocs are characterized by their lizard-shaped bodies and scaly hides., Coloring: ranges from drab green or brownish to a blackish tone on the dorsa
Snap!: A Book about Alligators and Crocodiles. Melvin Berger. Publisher: ScholasticFormat: Paperback. What is the difference between an alligator and a crocodile? How are they born? Find out the answers to these questions and many more in this Level 3 Hello Reader Science bookDid you know that a crocodile is usually longer, weighs more, and can outswim alligators? Children will learn all about these aquatic creatures-everything from where they live, what they eat, and how they survive-in this non-fiction easy reader.Renowned authors Melvin and Gilda Berger have created yet another fascinating science book. With simple, accessible text and brilliant photographs, SNAP A BOOK ABOUT ALLIGATORS AND CROCODILES is sure to be a big hit with parents and teachers alike. GST Note: GST is included in the price of this item. GST is included in the freight.. ...
Quietly sneak upon this Crocodile. I was about 30 yards away and ending up closer to just about 15 feet. I had to walk behind trees of course and when as i got closer it notice me and open its jaws. So what you think? gaping or lunch. After all, one jump and it swam away. …
In the wild, most nutria probably live less than 3 years; captive animals, however, may live 15 to 20 years. Predation, disease and parasitism, water level fluctuations, habitat quality, highway traffic, and weather extremes affect mortality. Annual mortality of nutria is between 60% and 80%. Predators of nutria include humans (through regulated harvest), alligators (Alligator mississippiensis), garfish (Lepisosteus spp.), bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), and other birds of prey, turtles, snakes such as the cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus), and several carnivorous mammals. Nutria densities vary greatly. In Louisiana, autumn densities of about 18 animals per acre (44/ha) have been found in floating freshwater marshes. In Oregon, summer densities in freshwater marshes may be 56 animals per acre (138/ha). Sex ratios range from 0.6 to 1.6 males per female. In summer, nutria live on the ground in dense vegetation, but at other times of the year they use burrows. Burrows may be those ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Immunohistochemical Localization of Laminin and Cytokeratin in Embryonic Alligator Gonads. AU - Smith, Craig A.. AU - Joss, Jean M.P.. PY - 1995/1/1. Y1 - 1995/1/1. N2 - Gonadal sex differentiation is temperature‐dependent in Alligator mississippiensis; testis differentiation occurs in embryos incubated at 33°C and ovary differentiation occurs in embryos incubated at 30°C. Laminin and cytokeratin were examined immunohistochemically in the gonads of alligator embryos incubated at these temperatures. The aim of this study was to determine whether these structural proteins show the same sex‐specific expression patterns reported for mammalian embryos, and to assess their usefulness as early markers of gonadal differentiation in species with temperature‐dependent sex determination. Laminin delineated enlarged seminiferous cords in differentiating testes from developmental stage 23 to hatching. Laminin distribution was more diffuse and revealed smaller cords of cells in ...
Come see alligators on display with your kids at the Key West Aquarium. Year after year the Aquarium is rated as one of the top Key West Florida Attractions.
A resemblance between a long-lost African crocodile and modern American crocs goes beyond the shared bump on their snouts. New analyses of a roughly 7-million-year old skull from the extinct Crocodylus checchiai suggest that crocodiles journeyed from Africa to the Americas millions of years ago, researchers report July 23 in Scientific Reports. Unearthed in the 1930s, the fossil came from whats now Libya and sat for decades in a museum. With CT scanning, scientists have now mapped the skulls structure, revealing hidden anatomical features that tie the animal closely to the four species of American crocodiles alive today.. It really looks like an American true crocodile, but it comes from Africa, says Massimo Delfino, a paleoherpetologist at the University of Turin in Italy.. Genetic analyses had already linked the Nile crocodile with its American kin. Though scientists suspected that crocs long ago colonized one of the locales before journeying to the other, the fossil record hadnt painted ...
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grant DEB#1545288, 10/1/2015-9/30/19 and DEB#1929393, 09/01/2019-08/31/2024. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.. ...
In the spirit of Halloween, find out which scary animals are most likely to give us the heebie-jeebies and what you should do if you encounter your worst animal nightmare.
This new knowledge could assist in the conservation and breeding strategy of Australian freshwater and saltwater crocodiles.. Dr Jaime Gongora, research project leader from the University of Sydneys Faculty of Veterinary Science said Alligators and crocodiles occupy an evolutionary mid-point between mammals and birds so they provide a unique link. Our research helps address fundamental questions about how evolution drives and maintains genetic diversity of the immune genes.. The study looked at the diversity and evolutionary mechanisms of two primary gene classes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), key components of the immune system. The study investigated 20 species of crocodilians including the two Australian crocodile species; freshwater and saltwater crocodiles.. This research helps to close a gap in our knowledge of immune gene evolution particularly since the crocodilian families (crocodiles and alligators) diverged from a common ancestor 90 million years ago.. The MHC is ...
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In November, two American alligators were flown from the Poconos to Wisconsin to undergo surgery. The story took a sad turn Tuesday morning when one of the alligators died unexpectedly. The alligators had been recovering in their own personalized enclosures built in the basement of the veterinary hospital.
On Friday, October 25, I completed the aerial challenge course at the Alligator Farm in St Augustine, Florida! It took me about an hour and half as I walked across swinging elements and bridges. There were several ziplines, also. Underneath me were a lot of alligators...I must say that was very interesting. I also saw lemurs and several species of birds. There were many different species of alligators and crocodiles. I met Scott Brown the manager of the course. I got a workout, but it was an enjoyable workout! - at Alligator Farm. ...
Where Pv is the new percentage value, Iv is the initial value on the specific day and D0 represents the value on Day 0. Data were log transformed (log10[x+1]) and analysis of variance (IBM SPSS Statistics 19) was used to compare results from the different groups. Non-parametric, bivariate correlation (Spearmans rho) analyses (IBM SPSS Statistics 19) were conducted in order to determine relationships between biochemical parameters and infection dose.. Results. Blood glucose. The mean concentration of blood glucose for the three experimental groups is shown in Table 2. In the high-infection and medium-infection groups, initial peaks in blood glucose values were observed on Day 14 PI and Day 7 PI, respectively. This was followed by a slight decrease the following week. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences in blood glucose concentrations on Day 28 PI between the high-infection and low-infection groups and between the medium-infection and low-infection groups (p , 0.05). No ...
Discussion. Crocodilians differ from other egg laying archosaurs (dinosaurs and birds) in that they lack medullary bone in the endosteal cavities of the long bones (Schweitzer et al. 2007). The epiphyses of the long bones in crocodiles therefore often appear eroded as more of the remodelling seems to take place on the outside of the bone, as seen in the cases described. Therefore, a certain degree of erosion may have to be considered normal.. In early stages of osteoarthropathy, the periosteal surface of the epiphyses alone appears to be affected and shows deep longitudinal furrows up to and undermining the articular surfaces. In advanced stages, there is collapse of the articular surface, which, in turn, can stimulate an inflammatory reaction in the form of osteoarthritis.. The cases described here originated from routine post-mortem examinations and are therefore random findings without any particular geographical or epidemiological pattern. The wild specimens came from the Limpopo province ...
Seven alligators were submitted to the Tifton Veterinary Diagnostic and Investigational Laboratory for necropsy during two epizootics in the fall of 2001 and 2002. The alligators were raised in temperature-controlled buildings and fed a diet of horsemeat supplemented with vitamins and minerals. Histologic findings in the juvenile alligators were multiorgan necrosis, heterophilic granulomas, and heterophilic perivasculitis and were most indicative of septicemia or bacteremia. Histologic findings in a hatchling alligator were random foci of necrosis in multiple organs and mononuclear perivascular encephalitis, indicative of a viral cause. West Nile virus was isolated from submissions in 2002. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results on all submitted case samples were positive for West Nile virus for one of four cases associated with the 2001 epizootic and three of three cases associated with the 2002 epizootic. RT-PCR analysis was positive for West Nile virus in the ...
The Cayman branch, which has no local staff or customers, is operated from Mexico by HSBC subsidiary HBMX. Its services are not related to HSBC Premier, the retail arm of HSBC in the Cayman Islands. HSBC had acquired the Cayman branch through its purchase of Mexican bank Bital in November 2002, which in turn had received authorisation from Cayman banking regulators in 1980 to offer Cayman US dollar accounts to its customers. At its peak in 2008, HBMX maintained over 60,000 accounts with assets of $2.1 billion in its Cayman branch. Any HMBX branch across Mexico had the authority to open a Cayman account for clients. HBMX offered US dollar services through its correspondent account with HSBC in the US. The report said it had no evidence that HSBC US was ever informed of the use of the correspondent account in this way. The accounts allowed HSBC in Mexico to circumvent local regulations which prohibit Mexican residents from maintaining US dollar accounts in Mexico. The Subcommittee report, which ...
American alligators are found in the southeastern United States from Virginia along the Atlantic coast to Florida and into the Gulf of Mexico in Texas. This large freshwater alligator generally resides in swamps, rivers and lakes but can tolerate some salinity and brackish environments. This species can burrow and hibe
Of course Im just having a bit of fun. None of those possibilities are true, youll be pleased to hear. Actually, its been known for a long time that crocodilians (or crocodylians if you want to be pedantic) can climb out of the water onto floating logs and low branches. We didnt publish a paper to point this out, but rather we wanted to explore how widespread this was, and look into the reasons why crocodiles might do this, and even allow us to speculate on how extinct crocodyliforms may have behaved. After all, if you look at a modern crocodile and think theres no way it could climb a tree, youre not going to assume a fossil crocodyliform with a similar morphology is going to be able to do it either. Well, heres a cool thing, some modern species can climb trees, and they can do so remarkably well, often getting several metres off the ground up relatively steep trunks and branches. The modern crocodilian limb is more adaptable than you might have thought ...
Chromosome locations Select an organism by typing or scrolling Adelie penguin African clawed frog African savanna elephant Ailuropoda melanoleuca Alligator mississippiensis Alligator sinensis alpaca American alligator American beaver American crow American pika Anas platyrhynchos Aotus nancymaae Aptenodytes forsteri Arabian camel Australian saltwater crocodile Bactrian camel black flying fox black snub-nosed monkey Bolivian squirrel monkey Bos taurus bottlenose cfh symbol Brandts bat budgerigar Callithrix jacchus Callorhinchus milii Camelus bactrianus Camelus dromedarius Camelus ferus Canis lupus familiaris Capra hircus Castor canadensis cattle Cavia porcellus Cercocebus atys Chaetura pelagica chicken chimney swift chimpanzee Chinchilla lanigera Chinese alligator Chinese hamster Chlorocebus sabaeus Chrysemys picta collared flycatcher Columba livia common starling Condylura cristata Corvus brachyrhynchos Coturnix japonica crab-eating macaque crested ibis Cricetulus griseus Crocodylus porosus ...
Should Belize save the Belize Crocodile? We have both the alligator and the crocodile in Belize? It seems, that crocodiles, despite having a brain the size of an avocado seed and being a highly instinctive feeding machine, has something else going for it. A crocodile is territorial and has a homesite. If you take it away from the homesite, it will come back. It has a homing instinct, superior to many other species. Recently, in south Florida, a Crocodile, dubbed Snaggletooth some months back, that lived in the ponds of a golf course, about 75 miles north of here. Was trapped as it was scaring golfers. This fella is 150 pounds and quite easily could tear off your leg. Crocodiles take a bite and then spin their bodies like a corkscrew, to disorientate the victim and pull them under to drown. They can also climb over fences, porches, walls and run at 30 mph. for short distances. Now Snaggletooth is an eight footer and quite easily could do mayhem to some careless golfer trying to get his golf ...
Looking for online definition of crocodile shagreen in the Medical Dictionary? crocodile shagreen explanation free. What is crocodile shagreen? Meaning of crocodile shagreen medical term. What does crocodile shagreen mean?
Coloring Pages for Kids Alligator and Crocodile Coloring Pages. A is for Ant Coloring Page. Free Printable Alligator Coloring Pages For Kids Crocodile Coloring Pages Crocodile Illustration Animal Coloring Pages This image of A Is For Alligator Coloring Page in the category of coloring pages is a part of our vast gallery of coloring book […]
Back at the house Daniel welcomed me with a present: A Southern Alligator Lizard, GERRHONOTUS MULTICARINATUS. Id been looking for one of these because its a bit unusual, despite the fact that its abundant and frequently seen here, and it looks a lot like the normal fence lizard, which we also have. In fact, at first I had a hard time distinguishing alligator lizards from fence lizards. It must be a case of convergent evolution because the two species are very unrelated, being in entirely different families and even suborders. You can see the taxonomic relationships among different kinds of lizards on my Lizard Classification Page at www.backyardnature.net/lizclass.htm.There youll observe that alligator lizards are about as unrelated to average lizards (iguanid lizards) such as fence lizards and anoles, as are Gila Monsters. One difference between alligator lizards and regular lizards is that their have bony scales (osteoderms) encasing them so effectively that their bodies are fairly ...
How to Draw a Cartoon Alligator Head. Want to brag about your drawing of an alligator to your friends? Well, stick with this article to find out how to draw a quick, simple, cartoon drawing of an alligator! Start off your alligator with...
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Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arbovirus distributed widely in tropical regions of the world that causes a febrile and often painful disease in adults and children. Recent outbreaks of CHIKV infection in the Caribbean have raised concerns about establishment of this virus in North America. A significant question about the transmission cycle of CHIKV is whether non-human reservoir hosts are important in maintenance or transmission of the virus. We conducted experimental infections with CHIKV and discovered that several reptiles and amphibians developed viremia of sufficient magnitude to possibly serve as reservoir hosts. One or two strains of CHIKV were inoculated into a variety of ball pythons, Burmese pythons, Northern garter snakes, American alligators, green iguanas, painted turtles, leopard frogs, Bufo species toads and cane toads. Viremia was not detected in alligators or cane toads but all other species developed viremia at variable magnitude. Peak viremia in the other species varied from 2.8
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Louisianas abundant fresh, brackish and marine water resources, heavy soils, flat lands, temperate water and semi-tropical climate ensured that the state would be a leader in aquaculture. During the 20th century commercial aquaculture industries developed in Louisiana for finfishes including channel catfish, baitfish, tilapia and recreational sport fishes; crustaceans including freshwater crawfish and soft-shell blue crabs; and reptiles including the American alligator and red-eared turtles. The states enormous estuarine-based oyster industry dates from the 19th century and entered the 21st century as the dominant source of cultured oysters in the United States. Research was done in the area of saltwater shrimp culture in the 1960s and 1970s. Aquaculture is one of Louisianas major animal industries. The Louisiana aquaculture industry includes more than 2,000 diverse operations throughout the state, and a potpourri of aquatic animals show promise for developing more significant private ...
ost living crocs, he said. Two living crocodiles -- the Cuban and Siamese crocodiles -- also have horns, but those of the Olduvai crocodile were more prominent. Of course, horns probably would have given the crocodile a devilish appearance, as if that were needed on a man-eating crocodile. Brochu and his colleagues based their conclusions on fossils collected over many decades. Some were collected in 2007 by a team led by Robert Blumenschine of Rutgers University and Jackson Njau, then of the National Natural History Museum of Tanzania. But others were collected as long ago as the 1930s and kept in museums in Kenya and the United Kingdom. Most of these fossils, by themselves, are fragmentary and not very impressive, but together, they reveal a crocodile different from any of its living relatives. It would have looked more or less like a Nile crocodile except for a deeper snout and, of course, the horns, Brochu said. Apart from the very scary image projected by the beast, Brochu said that ...
Hibernation in an appropriate environment not only is important for the survival of hibernators in winter, but also is crucial for breeding in the following season for many hibernating species. However, the genetic and epigenetic mechanism underlying this process remain unclear. In the current study, we performed an integrative multi-omics analysis of gonads collected from Chinese alligators that overwintered in wild cave and artificial warmroom to explore transcriptomic and epigenomic alternations in these organs. The data revealed that in the breeding season, female alligators were more strongly affected in terms of gene expression than males by non-hibernation because of overwintering in a warm room, especially for genes related to oocyte maturation, and this effect commenced in winter with the downregulation of STAR, which is the rate limiting factor of steroid biosynthesis. Further, miRNAs were found to play essential roles in this negative effect of overwintering in the warm room on hibernation.
Background Crocodilians exhibit a spectrum of rostral shape from long snouted (longirostrine), through to short snouted (brevirostrine) morphologies. The proportional length of the mandibular symphysis correlates consistently with rostral shape, forming as much as 50% of the mandibles length in longirostrine forms, but 10% in brevirostrine crocodilians. Here we analyse the structural consequences of an elongate mandibular symphysis in relation to feeding behaviours. Methods/Principal Findings Simple beam and high resolution Finite Element (FE) models of seven species of crocodile were analysed under loads simulating biting, shaking and twisting. Using beam theory, we statistically compared multiple hypotheses of which morphological variables should control the biomechanical response. Brevi- and mesorostrine morphologies were found to consistently outperform longirostrine types when subject to equivalent biting, shaking and twisting loads. The best predictors of performance for biting and twisting
The Cayman Islands Government Department of Environment (DOE) has commenced the first stage of a Government funded initiative aimed at large scale removal of green iguana in Grand Cayman. As part of that process, the DOE is issuing a Request For Information (RFI) for the purposes of gathering information about the marketplace in order to assist in the determination of local capacity to deliver green iguana culling services.. Grand Cayman is suffering from an explosive population increase of invasive green iguanas, which now number approximately 1.1 million and are now threatening to reach approximately 4.6 million by 2020 unless massive control measures are implemented.. This alien invasive species is causing serious social, economic and environmental damage, affecting homeowners, tourism facilities, businesses, farmers, natural ecosystems and endangered species. Calls for a solution from all these stakeholders and the community at large are growing louder as the iguana population ...
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Minnesota Zoo Located in Apple Valley, Minnesota African Fruit Bat The African Fruit Bat is originated from Africa. They eat fruit plants and spread the seeds all over the ground to help then reproduce. These bats are adaptable to any place as long as they have food and shelter. The African Fruit Bat eats figs, mangoes, dates, and any other fruit. Atlantic Reef Fish The Atlantic Reef Fish contain many fish from the Atlantic Coast. This Exhibit is very fascinating to children especially because they like to look at the sharks. Did you know that the wingspan of a southern stingray can reach up to 5 feet. West African Dwarf Crocodile The West African Dwarf Crocodile lives in and around slow-moving streams and is a thick, dark scales covering all over the Crocodile. They have yellow bellies and the young are about 11 inches long at hatching. These crocodiles eat fish, invertebrates, and other water creatures. Some people hunt and eat crocodiles. The Dhole is a primitive canine species with a compact ...
BATON ROUGE, LA-In a breakthrough study that contradicts decades of understanding about the nature of alligator-drunkard relations, Louisiana State University researchers have concluded that peoples drunkenness does not impair the ancient reptiles ability to inflict enormous physical harm.. Our data strongly indicates that human intoxication does not transform an alligator into a docile creature that enjoys wrestling, said professor Ryder McCrory, chair of the Wildlife Taunting Department of LSUs prestigious Center For Bullying And Hazing Studies. Despite its slow-witted demeanor and tendency to bask motionlessly in the hot sun, its a mistake to believe that an alligator will passively tolerate a half nelson, no matter how much Southern Comfort is fueling it. ...
A woman who was visiting a client for an in-home nail appointment during lockdown in South Carolina was attacked and killed by an alligator in South Carolina, according to a police report released Tuesday. Cynthia Covert, 58, drowned Friday after an alligator repeatedly pulled her into a pond on Kiawah Island, according to a report from the Charleston County Sheriffs Office. Her death has been ruled an accident, according to paralegal and public information officer Karli
Pterosaurs and dinosaurs are closely related, meaning they share a number of features, but are still distinct groups, or clades as we call them in biology. They both belong to a group called the Archosauria, which includes crocodilians, dinosaurs (including birds, as they evolved from dinosaurs and therefore are dinosaurs by definition), and pterosaurs. Archosaurs share a number of characteristics including an antorbital fenestra (a hole in the skull in front of the eye) and teeth set in sockets. However, early in archosaurian evolution there was a split between crocodilians and their close relatives (the crurotarsans or pseudosuchians) and birds and their closest relatives, including dinosaurs and pterosaurs (known as the avemetatarsalians). Avemetatarsalia is a mouthful, but its pretty easy to break down. Basically this group is united by a bird-like ankle, among other features. Within this group is another group called the Ornithodira, which means bird-neck, again uniting the group with ...
Tephrosia cenerea (exists in at least 3 marsh locations on Cayman Brac). Botanists have catalogued most of the wild plants in this country. The definitive works are Dr. George Proctors Flora of the Cayman Islands, second edition, and F.J. Burtons Threatened Plants of the Cayman Islands: The Red List. For the complete citation of both books you may check the field guides section of this present nature blog, www.naturenotes19n79w.ky. But a book is no sooner published than it is out of date. Its not a complaint, its a thank you because the books make it easier for amateur and professional plant sleuths to develop their knowledge. In the process they may find gaps or errors.. One such gap is the listings for Cayman Brac. Many plants that live here in the wild are credited in the references for Grand Cayman, Little Cayman or both but not for Cayman Brac. These plants have been here all along but have been missed. And no wonder - this island has few resident scientists, is difficult for ...
Buy and download royalty-free image ID 4656354: Cartoon Image of a Crocodile or Alligator Wearing Sunglasses by ChromaCo from Crestock Stock Photos
|p|Incredible fossils of an ancient crocodile cousin and a dinosaur with shark-like teeth have been found in Brazil, scientists say.|/p|
WIMAUMA, Fla. - A man riding a motorcycle hit an alligator that was crossing a rural Florida road, throwing him from his bike.. The Florida Highway Patrol said in a news release that 27-year-old Calun Nelson was riding his motorcycle south of Tampa early Friday when he saw the more than 10-foot (3.05-meter) alligator crossing the road in front of him. He tried to avoid the gator, but couldnt.. Troopers say Nelson was taken to a Tampa hospital with serious injuries.. Television station WFLA reports an alligator trapper was called to retrieve the gators body.. Its the second accident this week in Florida involving an alligator. On Tuesday a driver on Interstate 75 escaped serious injury when she hit an alligator near Sarasota.. ...
Last week, 73 crocodile hatchlings were rescued by a team of specialists at Florida Power & Lights nuclear plant and dozens more are expected to emerge soon.
Buy The Lizards, Crocodiles, and Turtles of Honduras (9780674984165): Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation: NHBS - James R McCranie, Harvard University Press
In what looked like a scene from a primetime TV medical drama, a team at the University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine has successfully removed a shoe from the stomach of a giant crocodile.
While Republicans cry crocodile tears over Benghazi, it s too bad they didnt have as much concern for the soldiers fighting in Afghanistan, which makes their outrage a little misleading.The US troops fighting this war on terror are being sent into ambushes, and then left on their own to die after being surrounded by the enemy.In 2002, soldiers were sent to the top of Takur Gar mountain in Afghanistan. They were told their was no resistance yet when they attempted to gain this vantage point the mountain top was controlled by the enemy. A horrendous fight ensued with many American soldiers dying in this ambush.Congressional Medal of Honor winner Dakota Meyer in his book, tells of his own personal harrowing battle in Afghanistan. The troops were sent into an ambush in one of the fiercest battles in Afghanistan, and U.S.troops quickly became surrounded and trapped. Meanwhile, the ones giving the orders are the officers safely ensconced in the rear, in their air conditioned offices, theyre not even on
Once upon a time, in a kingdom far away, there were two twin princes. The older twin excelled at everything, and the younger one failed at just as much. The two were so different that it was a wonder that the same blood flowed through their veins. It was like pairing up a giant and a dwarf. The younger brother grew up with a severe inferiority complex and developed an extremely dark personality. He started to enjoy collecting ferocious animals, one in particular being a crocodile from another kingdom. He put the crocodile in a cage, where he tormented it. It was the only time he could ever feel strong. Years went by, and it was finally time for the heir to take the throne. Of course, the chosen heir was none other than the eldest of the twin brothers. Jealous, the younger prince stormed off to his room. He sat there, staring at his crocodile. If only I could get the crocodile to kill my brother… he thought. Just then a strange voice resonated in the room and the prince could feel his body ...
Its hard to make friends when youre always stinging or biting someone.... Down by the great big, brilliant blue river, a not-so-bright crocodile and an equally pea-brained scorpion lived peacefully by themselves. One day, the scorpion realized he needed help getting across the river. Could they control their natural instincts long enough to make it across together?. Rebecca and Ed Emberley offer a sprightly new twist on another classic tale with colorful artwork so bold and bright it snaps off the page. ...
A cheeky crocodile met its match when it tried to use some hippopotamuses as stepping stones in Serengeti national park, Tanzania
This Costa Rican fisherman has a very sweet friend to count upon: a four-and-a-half metre long crocodile. Read on to know the history behind their everlasting friendship.
Crocodile rolling walker - Pediatric Posterior Gait Trainer. Kids walker adjusts to individual childs height. Walker is placed behind the child.
Egypt travel agents, Egyptian tour operators, egypt travel consultants and other companies who provide travel services to Egypt: Crocodile Egypt Travel in Cairo, Egypt
A new study, published today in Nature Ecology and Evolution, reveals that birds skulls evolved differently to their relatives and ancestors, and develop more like those of young dinosaurs and crocodiles.. Birds are the only surviving members of a group of feathered dinosaurs, and are close cousins to modern crocodilians (alligators, crocodiles and gavials). However, birds have unique skeletons, particularly their beaked skulls, which have wider dome-shaped cranial bones to accommodate proportionally larger brains and eyes.. Previously, Dr Arkhat Abzhanov, from the Department of Life Sciences at Imperial, and colleagues determined that the shape of the birds skulls most resemble those of young non-avian (non-birdlike) dinosaurs.. This evolutionary phenomenon is known as paedomorphism - where an adult retains features that are usually only seen at the young stages (embryo or baby) in its ancestors. Paedomorphism is caused by a change in timing of developmental events of an organism - for ...
By Linda Ballou, NABBWs Adventure Travel Associate From the extreme arid red center of Australia, our Overseas Adventure Travel group flew to North Queensland during the onset of the wet season from January to April. This region receives on average 10-feet of rain each year. Our gracious accommodations at the Beach House in Palm Cove overlooked a stunning white sand beach. The tropical waters looked inviting, but informed tourists kept to the shore. Saltwater crocodiles lurk in these waters along with box and stinger jellyfish in the summer. A massive swimming pool replicating a sandy... Read More. ...
Caiman lizard: Caiman lizard,, any member of a genus (Dracaena) of lizards in the family Teiidae. These lizards (D. guianensis and D. paraguayensis) are found streamside in forested areas
The company plans to manufacture small quantities of marihuana derivatives for research purposes. In reference to drug code 7360 (Marihuana), the company plans to bulk manufacture cannabidiol. In reference to drug code 7370 (Tetrahydrocannabinols), the company will manufacture a synthetic THC. No other activity for this drug code is authorized for this registration.. No comments or objections have been received. DEA has considered the factors in 21 U.S.C. 823(a) and determined that the registration of Cayman Chemical Company to manufacture the listed basic classes of controlled substances is consistent with the public interest at this time. DEA has investigated Cayman Chemical Company to ensure that the companys registration is consistent with the public interest. The investigation has included inspection and testing of the companys physical security systems, verification of the companys compliance with state and local laws, and a review of the companys background and history. Therefore, ...
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The blood bank has set an ambitious goal of 500 new donors by the end of 2017, and it needs the public to help make it happen.. The blood bank told Cayman 27 its noticed an uptick in the need for blood over the last two years. It said incidents of gun violence help exacerbate the need for donor blood, as shooting victims often require several units, which can quickly deplete the blood stock.. [Blood donors] are there for a purpose, and that blood is there to help save lives, said Medical Technologist Greg Honeyghan. Thats the purpose of any blood bank; your blood will go as far as saving somebodys life - even improving it.. The blood bank says volunteers from Rotaract and Rotary Central helped them sign up thirty potential new donors at this years Taste of Cayman.. ...
You can find information about Royal Cayman Islands Police Service (RCIPS) Cayman Islands including Address, Website, Contact Number, Directions and more.
The Ritz-Carlton, Grand Cayman: The restaurants are awesome - See 3,030 traveller reviews, 1,984 candid photos, and great deals for The Ritz-Carlton, Grand Cayman at TripAdvisor.
My research focuses mainly on the evolution of Crocodylomorpha, specifically the 200 million year old crocodylomorph group of Neosuchia which contains all modern species of crocodile, alligator and the gharial. I am working on reconstructing their ancestral relationships, the timing of when the different families arose and how they achieved their biogeographical distribution. In addition, I also work on the methodology of phylogenetic reconstruction, looking at how we can improve the accuracy of reconstruction by using continuous characters and different methods of character weighting. In particular, I focus on how the problematic effects of homoplasy and convergent evolution can be mitigated by using these new methods.. ...
1992). Crocodiles and Alligators. Blitz. pp. 48-51. ISBN 978-1-85391-092-0. Robertshaw, David (2006). "Mechanisms for the ... Nuwer, Rachel (13 May 2013). "Solving an alligator mystery may help humans regrow lost teeth". Smithsonian.com. Retrieved 4 ...
King, F. W. (1989). "Conservation and management". In Ross, C. A.; Garnett, S. (eds.). Crocodiles and alligators. New York: ... "Florida's alligator management program, an update - 1987-1995". Proceedings of the thirteenth working meeting of crocodile ... In that year, a printer made a spur-of-the-moment decision to print an alligator emblem on a shipment of the schools football ... The American Alligator to be designated as the Mississippi State Reptile; provide...02/21 Approved by Governor "State symbols ...
Lang, J.W. "Sex Determination."Crocodiles and Alligators. Ross, C.A. Garnett, S. Dr. Facts on File, New York. 1989. 120. ... www.iucnredlist.org/species/46585/11062418 Crocodile Specialist Group (1996). "Caiman latirostris". IUCN Red List of Threatened ...
1992). Crocodiles and Alligators. Blitz. p. 220. ISBN 9781853910920. Britton, Adam. "Captive care". Crocodilian.com. Retrieved ... 1992). Crocodiles and Alligators. Blitz. pp. 62, 119. ISBN 9781853910920. Choi, H. (2004). "Paleosuchus palpebrosus: Dwarf ... Alligator) palpebrosus (Merrem, 1820), Jacaretinga moschifer (Spix, 1825), Champsa palpebrosa (Wagler, 1830), Alligator ... Crocodile Specialist Group (1996). "Paleosuchus palpebrosus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 1996: e.T46587A11062803. doi ...
Penny, M. (1991). Alligators and Crocodiles. Crescent Books. ISBN 978-0-517-07012-3. Hunter, L. (2011). Carnivores of the World ... A crocodile likely would need to be a mature adult male (more than 3.7 m (12 ft) and 300 kg (660 lb)) to make a successful ... Only tigers and saltwater crocodiles have been reported to kill adult gaur. However, the habitat and distribution of gaur and ... Guggisberg, C. A. W. (1972). Crocodiles. Their Natural History, Folklore and Conservation. Newton Abbot, England: David & ...
ISBN 978-0-226-73639-6. Ross, S Charles A.; Garnett, Stephen (1989). Crocodiles and Alligators. Checkmark Books. ISBN 978-0- ... Crocodiles are frequent targets of hippo aggression, probably because they often inhabit the same riparian habitats; crocodiles ... Nile crocodiles, lions and spotted hyenas are known to prey on young hippos. However, due to their aggression and size, adult ... Aggregations of crocodiles have also been seen to dispatch still-living male hippos that have been previously injured in mating ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Ross, Charles A. (ed.) (1992). Crocodiles and Alligators. Blitz. pp. 62, 121-124. ISBN ... Crocodile Specialist Group 1996. Paleosuchus trigonatus 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species., IUCN Downloaded on 29 July ... The genus name Paleosuchus is derived from the Greek palaios meaning "ancient" and soukhos meaning "crocodile". This refers to ... the belief that this crocodile comes from an ancient lineage that diverged from other species of caimans some 30 million years ...
Alligators and Crocodiles". School Library Journal. 50 (9): 194. Jollimore, Karen (December 1998). "Welcome to the world series ... Booklist called it "a useful resource for middle-graders". Reviewing Alligators and Crocodiles, Frogs and Toads and Penguins ...
1989). Crocodiles and Alligators. Checkmark Books. ISBN 978-0-8160-2174-1. Anonymous. "Proposal for Inclusion of Species on the ... Additionally, crocodiles, especially Nile crocodiles in Africa, readily kill and eat swimming pelicans. Since 1998, the great ...
2010). Crocodiles. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Third Edition. IUCN/SSC Crocodile Specialist Group: Darwin. "The ... Xing, J.H. (2010). Chinese Alligator Alligator sinensis. Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Pp. 5-9 in: Manolis, S. ... This is the only other place besides the United States that is native to an alligator and paddlefish species. In 2010, the ... narrow-ridged finless porpoise and the Yangtze alligator. These animals numbers went into freefall from the combined effects of ...
Crocodiles and Alligators. Sydney: Surrey Beatty and Sons. pp. 273−294. Lang, J. W. & Kumar, P. (2013). "Behavioral ecology of ... In Crocodile Specialist Group (ed.). Crocodiles. Proceedings of the 24th Working Meeting of the Crocodile Specialist Group in ... Daudin, F. M. (1802). "Le crocodile à bec étroit ou le grand Gavial [The straight-snouted crocodile or the great Gavial]". ... Proceedings of the 22nd Working Meeting of the IUCN-SSC Crocodile Specialist Group. Gland: IUCN Crocodile Specialist Group. pp ...
Crocodiles and Alligators. Sydney: Surrey Beatty. pp. 253-257. [1]. Accessed 31 January 2009. Jackson, Donald C. (2002). " ... In particular, during the capture of large crocodiles, the animals' use of their glycolytic muscles often alter the blood's pH ... Cases are recorded in which particularly large crocodiles which put up extreme resistance to capture later died of the ...
Gordon, Gareth (7 February 2017). "Crocodiles, alligators and Irish language". Retrieved 24 September 2019. "DUP and Sinn Féin ... With regard to the proposed act, she said "If you feed a crocodile, it will keep coming back for more." This remark was widely ... Devenport, Mark (9 May 2017). "Language issue still has (crocodile) teeth". Retrieved 24 September 2019. ...
Magnusson, W.E. Vliet, K.A. Pooley, A.C. and Whitaker, R. "Reproduction." Crocodiles and Alligators (illustrated ed.). Ross, ... Ross, Charles A.; Garnett, Stephen (1989). Crocodiles and Alligators (illustrated ed.). New York: Facts on File. pp. 58-73. ... Lang, J.W. "Sex Determination." Crocodiles and Alligators (illustrated ed.). Ross, Charles A. Garnett, Stephen (1989). New York ... Alderton, David (1991). "Common Caiman Caiman crocodilus.". Crocodiles & Alligators of the World (illustrated ed.). Facts on ...
Grenard, S. (1991). Handbook of Alligators and Crocodiles. Malabar, Florida: Kreiger. Choi, C. Q. (2014-05-04). "Spinning ... A common method to estimate the size of crocodiles and crocodile-like reptiles is the use of the length of the skull measured ... 20 (1). Woodward, A. R.; White, J. H.; Linda, S. B. (1995). "Maximum size of the alligator (Alligator mississippiensis)". J. ... the clade containing living crocodiles, alligators and gharials). Within this group it is most closely related to the North ...
Grenard, S. (1991). Handbook of alligators and crocodiles. Malabar, FL: Krieger. Jackman, B., & Scott, J. (2012). The marsh ... although anecdotally Nile crocodiles may opportunistically and rarely prey upon a wild dog. When briefly unprotected, wild dog ...
1992). Crocodiles and Alligators. Blitz. pp. 48-51. ISBN 978-1-85391-092-0. .. ... "Solving an alligator mystery may help humans regrow lost teeth". Smithsonian.com. Retrieved 4 November 2013 ...
Crocodiles and alligators are farmed commercially. Their hides are tanned and used to make leather goods such as shoes and ... Large crocodiles, especially the saltwater crocodile and Nile crocodile, attack and kill hundreds of people each year in ... Retrieved 13 March 2006 from the Crocodile Specialist Group, Crocodile Species List, FAQ. Kjellgren, Eric. "Crocodiles". ... Crocodile meat is occasionally eaten as an "exotic" delicacy in the western world. Alligator meat is farmed for human ...
Alderton, D. (1991). Crocodiles and Alligators of the World. New York: Facts on File Publications. Media related to Paleosuchus ...
1806-1807 Crocodile (1806) - broken up 1816. Daphne (1806) - sold 1816. Cossack (1806) - broken up 1816. Cyane (1806) - ... Alligator (1821) - sold 1865. Termagant (1822) - renamed Herald 1824, sold 1862. Samarang (1822) - sold 1883. Andromeda (-) - ... Crocodile (1825) - sold 1861. Alarm (-) - re-ordered as Conway class vessel Daphne (-) - cancelled 1832 Porcupine (-) - ... Crocodile (1781) - wrecked 1784. Siren (1779) - wrecked 1781. Pandora (1779) - wrecked 1791. Champion (1779) - sold 1816. ...
"Oldest captive crocodile dies". The Nation. March 9, 1997. Retrieved July 30, 2010. St. Augustine Alligator Farm. ... By then, he was a very old crocodile, and one of the largest and tamest captive crocodiles in existence. When he died, he was ... crocodile and was the favorite of the alligator farm and people around the nation. After many years, Gomek died of heart ... Augustine Alligator Farm - and 70 years old. There is a tribute to Gomek near his enclosure, which now houses his successor ...
Unlike the far-more dangerous saltwater and Nile crocodiles, the majority of alligators avoid contact with humans if possible, ... Crocodiles[edit]. Main article: Crocodile attack. Crocodile attacks on people are common in places where crocodiles are native ... "Body of boy snatched by gator found in Disney lagoon".. *^ "'Aggressive' Gator Kills Burglary Suspect - AOL News". 16 November ... Alligators[edit]. Main article: List of fatal alligator attacks in the United States by decade ...
It also has Nile crocodiles and American alligators.[citation needed] The gardens include roads paved with black stone flags ...
Hall, Diana (2015-08-13). "Crikey! 150 Toronto crocodiles, alligators rescued by reptile zoo". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2019-11- ... Among them is Canada's largest crocodile, a 4-metre (13 ft), 1,000-pound (450 kg) Nile crocodile named Induna. The zoo also ...
Alligators and Crocodiles) • American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) Testudines (Turtles) • Western painted turtle ( ...
Alligators are the noisiest, while some crocodile species are almost completely silent. Adult female New Guinea crocodiles and ... Family Alligatoridae Genus Alligator American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) Chinese alligator (Alligator sinensis) ... the mugger crocodile, the American crocodile, the gharial, and the freshwater crocodile. The Nile crocodile has a reputation as ... The species on which there is most data are the saltwater crocodile, the Nile crocodile, and the American alligator. Other ...
It is the tallest free-standing drop tower in North America at 335 feet (102 m). Alligators and crocodiles can be observed here ... The African Queen featured live animals, including alligators, crocodiles, rhinoceroses and spider monkeys. A colorful South ... Among the exhibits are a Nile crocodile named Sobek, meerkats, two prides of lions, a pack of spotted hyenas, three hippos ...
Crocodilians such as alligators and crocodiles also have gizzards. Dinosaurs that are believed to have had gizzards based on ... crocodiles, alligators, dinosaurs including birds), earthworms, some gastropods, some fish, and some crustaceans. This ...
It is absent in the snakes, alligators, and crocodiles.[96]. Many turtles, tortoises, and lizards have proportionally very ... Crocodile leather is made into wallets, briefcases, purses, handbags, belts, hats, and shoes. Crocodile oil has been used for ... crocodiles, gharials, caimans, and alligators), 24 species;[5] and Aves (birds), approximately 10,000 species.[7] ... Crocodiles are protected in many parts of the world, and are farmed commercially. Their hides are tanned and used to make ...
Crocodilia: crocodiles, alligators, caimans and gharials. *Aves: modern birds. *Mammalia: mammals. CladisticsEdit. Stem group ... The diapsids (a subgroup of the sauropsids) began to diversify during the Triassic, giving rise to the turtles, crocodiles, and ... Traditionally, birds are not considered a type of reptile, but crocodiles are more closely related to birds than they are to ... Subclass Diapsida - diapsids, including crocodiles, dinosaurs (includes birds), lizards, snakes and turtles ...
The males of this species grow to maximum total length of 73 cm (29 in): body 58 cm (23 in), tail 15 cm (5.9 in). Females grow to a maximum total length of 58 cm (23 in). The males are surprisingly long and slender compared to the females.[3]. The head has a short snout, more so in males than in females. The eyes are large and surrounded by 9-16 circumorbital scales. The orbits (eyes) are separated by 7-9 scales. The nostril is like a slit and separated from the eye by two scales. The eye and the supralabials are separated by a single row of scales. The supralabials number 7-10, of which the fourth is enlarged.[3] The body is covered with elongated, heavily keeled dorsal scales that give this animal a unique 'shaggy' idea to its skin, almost bristly appearance. The scales around the head and neck are the longest, decreasing posteriorly. Midbody, the dorsal scales are in 15-19 rows. There are 149-166 ventral scales and 35-64 subcaudals. The anal scale is single.[2][3]. ...
All crocodilians, such as alligators, crocodiles, gharials and caimans. *All snakes, such as cobras, vipers, pythons and boas ...
An organ found in the digestive tract of some animals, including archosaurs (pterosaurs, crocodiles, alligators, and dinosaurs ...
Treatment requires keeping the person from being repeatedly bitten and possible symptomatic use of antihistamines and corticosteroids (either topically or systemically).[5] There however is no evidence that medications improve outcomes and symptoms usually resolve without treatment in 1-2 weeks.[3][4] Avoiding repeated bites can be difficult, since it usually requires eradicating bed bugs from a home or workplace; eradication frequently requires a combination of pesticide and non-pesticide approaches.[3] Pesticides that have historically been found to be effective include pyrethroids, dichlorvos and malathion.[4] Resistance to pesticides has increased significantly over time and there are concerns of negative health effects from their usage.[3] Mechanical approaches such as vacuuming up the insects and heat-treating or wrapping mattresses have been recommended.[3] Once established, bed bugs are extremely difficult to get rid of.[3] This frequently requires a combination of nonpesticide ...
The caimans are predators and, like the alligators and the crocodiles, their diet consists of a great deal of fish. The caimans ... The calcium rivets on their scales make their hides stiffer, and thus less valuable, than those of alligators and crocodiles, ... West African slender snouted crocodile (Mecistops cataphractus). *Central African slender-snouted crocodile (Mecistops ... Caimans are distinguished from alligators, their closest relatives, by a few defining features: a lack of a bony septum between ...
Order Crocodilia (crocodiles, gavials, caimans, and alligators): 23 species. *Order Sphenodontia (Tuatara from New Zealand): 2 ... Clockwise from above left: Green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas), Tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus), Nile crocodile (Crocodylus ... Crocodiles are more closely related to birds than they are to lizards. Theropod dinosaurs are even more closely related, ... Amniota, Mammals, reptiles (turtles, lizards, Sphenodon, crocodiles, birds) and their extinct relatives. Version 01 January ...
... the American crocodile and alligator can take a surprisingly large number of sandhill cranes, especially recent fledglings.[22] ...
Alligator mississippiensis) or an American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus). Using its considerable size and dagger-like bill, a ... An occasional adult heron or, more likely, an unsteady fledgling may be snatched by an American alligator ( ...
Crocodile motifs are common in Brno. A "krokodýl" (crocodile in Czech language) is the local stuffed baguette, and the city ... Brno Alligators), two rugby teams (RC Dragon Brno, RC Bystrc) and others. Tennis player Lucie Šafářová comes from Brno as well ... In reality the dragon was a crocodile, the preserved body of which is now displayed at the entrance of the Old Town Hall. ...
... as part of the primordial reptilian brain is confirmed by its disproportionate size in modern reptiles such as the crocodile, ...
American crocodiles are more susceptible to cold weather than American alligators.[33] While an American alligator can survive ... American crocodiles are also paler and more grayish than the relatively dark-hued American alligator. This crocodile species ... The only other crocodiles present within the American crocodile's range are the Morelet's crocodile and the critically ... In addition, an American crocodile/Cuban crocodile hybrid was recently discovered in the Cancún area. The crocodile likely ...
The reptile house contains specimens of over 100 species from all over the world, including crocodiles and pythons. ... Chinese alligator, and Chinese giant salamander. Other endangered or threatened species housed there include a Siberian tiger, ...
The Really Independent Florida Crocodile, a parody of the Alligator, is a monthly magazine started by students.[169] ... RTS also provides other campus services, including Gator Aider (during football games), S.N.A.P, and Later Gator nighttime ... "The Independent Florida Alligator. Retrieved January 26, 2018.. *^ Career Resource Center. "UF Career Resource Center". Crc.ufl ... "The Independent Florida Alligator. Retrieved May 29, 2015.. *^ writer, Diane Chun Staff. "Emerging diseases research center to ...
American meatloaf is typically eaten with some kind of sauce or relish. Many recipes[14] call for a pasta sauce or tomato sauce to be poured over the loaf to form a crust during baking. The tomato-based sauce may be replaced with simple brown gravy or onion gravy, or a can of cream of mushroom soup may be substituted, but the meatloaf is prepared in a similar manner. Barbecue sauce, tomato ketchup, or a mixture of tomato ketchup and mustard may also be used. American meatloaf may be topped with plain ketchup or a "meatloaf sauce" consisting of ketchup and brown sugar mixed. Another variety of meatloaf is prepared by "frosting" it with mashed potatoes, drizzling it with a small amount of butter, and browning in the oven ...
... (FCR) is the ratio of inputs to outputs; it is the inverse of "feed efficiency" which is the ratio of outputs to inputs.[2] FCR is widely used in hog and poultry production, while FE is used more commonly with cattle.[2] Being a ratio the FCR is dimensionless, that is, it is not affected by the units of measurement used to determine the FCR.[3] FCR a function of the animal's genetics[4] and age,[5] the quality and ingredients of the feed,[5] and the conditions in which the animal is kept,[1][6] and storage and use of the feed by the farmworkers.[7] As a rule of thumb, the daily FCR is low for young animals (when relative growth is large) and increases for older animals (when relative growth tends to level out). However FCR is a poor basis to use for selecting animals to improve genetics, as that results in larger animals that costs more to feed; instead Residual Feed Intake (RFI) is used which is independent of size.[8] RFI uses for output the difference between actual ...
crododile & alligator[edit]. Crocodile is in "Poultry and game" section, while alligator is in "Fish and seawood" section. Does ... crocodile meat is also considered a delicacy in crocodile#Crocodile products. 85.76.22.126 (talk) 02:16, 18 November 2015 (UTC ... There's an article about alligator meat, while there's not much of crocodile as food, only a picture caption and this: ... that mean crocodile is a land animal and alligator a water animal?. ...
Alligator. *Bat. *Bear. *Crocodile. *Guinea pig. *Kangaroo. *Monkey. *Pangolin. *Rat. *Hare and Rabbit ...
... alligator, crocodile, tuna, emu, horse, camel, and earthworm have entered the market.[7] ...
... associated with crocodiles and alligators, but probably relied on more typical meat-slicing techniques.[4] Many species, such ... The altogether more appropriate name Parasuchia ("alongside the crocodiles", as they resembled crocodiles to a great degree) ... Differences from crocodiles[edit]. Despite their great similarities in appearance and lifestyle, there are still a number of ... For one thing, the phytosaur ankle structure is much more primitive than that of any crocodile. Also, phytosaurs lack the bony ...
Studies on the health effects of vegetarian diets observe heterogeneous effects on mortality. One review found a decreased overall risk of all cause mortality, cancer (except breast) and cardiovascular disease;[47] however, a meta-analysis found lower risk for ischemic heart disease and cancer but no effect on overall mortality or cerebrovascular disease.[48] Possible limitations include varying definitions used of vegetarianism, and the observation of increased risk of lung cancer mortality in those on a vegetarian diet for less than five years.[48] An analysis pooling two large studies found vegetarians in the UK have similar all cause mortality as meat eaters.[49] An older meta analysis found similar results, only finding decreased mortality in vegetarians, pescatarians, and irregular meat eaters in ischemic heart disease, but not from any other cause.[50] Vegetarian diets have been shown to prevent and treat gallstones, cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis, dementia, diverticular ...
Juvenile chickens of less than 28 days of age at slaughter in the United Kingdom are marketed as poussin. Mature chicken is sold as small, medium or large. Whole mature chickens are marketed in the United States as fryers, broilers, and roasters. Fryers are the smallest size (2.5-4 lbs dressed for sale), and the most common, as chicken reach this size quickly (about 7 weeks). Most dismembered packaged chicken would be sold whole as fryers. Broilers are larger than fryers. They are typically sold whole. Roasters, or roasting hens, are the largest chickens commonly sold (3-5 months and 6-8 lbs) and are typically more expensive. Even larger and older chickens are called stewing chickens but these are no longer usually found commercially. The names reflect the most appropriate cooking method for the surface area to volume ratio. As the size increases, the volume (which determines how much heat must enter the bird for it to be cooked) increases faster than the surface area (which determines how fast ...
The alligator clips may be covered in insulation to prevent inadvertent shorting. Clips may be made of copper or steel. ... Crocodile clips, also called automotive clips, on a set of jumper cables ... Jumper cables, also known as booster cables or jump leads, are a pair of insulated wires of sufficient capacity with alligator ... Alligator clips are generally marked by black (−) and red (+) to indicate the polarity.[2] ...
2010 structural comparisons of Stegosaurus plates to Alligator osteoderms seem to support the conclusion that the potential for ... similar to those seen in crocodiles and many lizards today. They were not directly attached to the animal's skeleton, instead ...
... alligators, crocodiles, lizards, and snakes; aquatic pets, such as fish, freshwater and saltwater snails, amphibians like frogs ...
Alligators and crocodiles either lay their eggs in mounds of decomposing vegetation or lay them in holes they dig in the ground ...
Crocodiles, alligators, and ducks showed elevated aerobic capacity following exercise training.[160][161][162] No effect of ... Owerkowicz T, Baudinette RV (2008). "Exercise training enhances aerobic capacity in juvenile estuarine crocodiles (Crocodylus ... Alligator mississippiensis)". Journal of Comparative Physiology B. 179 (8): 921-31. doi:10.1007/s00360-009-0374-0. PMC 2768110. ... "Exhaustive exercise training enhances aerobic capacity in American alligator ( ...
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The most obvious way to tell a crocodile, left, from an alligator, is from their snouts: Those of alligators are wider and ... When an alligator closes its mouth, you tend to see only its upper teeth. Crocodiles on the other hand flash a toothy grin with ... Alligators have U-shaped faces that are wide and short, while crocodiles have slender almost V-shaped muzzles. And if youre ... How do you tell an alligator from a crocodile? And no, dad joke enthusiasts, the answer isnt that you see one later and the ...
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  • Now, researchers from Japan have identified what they believe to be another feature that sets the reptiles apart: Alligators tend to have shorter humerus bones in their forelimbs and shorter femurs in their hind limbs than crocodiles, the team reported last week. (nytimes.com)
  • Femurs in hind limbs and humerus bones in forelimbs of crocodiles are longer than in alligators, which may explain observed differences in how the two reptiles get around. (nytimes.com)
  • California banned importation of products made from alligators and crocodiles for commercial use, but lawmakers passed a temporary exemption in 2006 after a resurgence of the reptiles in Louisiana and Florida. (washingtontimes.com)
  • We often think of alligators and crocodiles simultaneously, and, in fact, they are related, but these reptiles aren't exactly the same. (greatamericancountry.com)
  • The American alligator and crocodile diet consists of fish, various mammals, birds, insects, crabs and other reptiles-basically whatever they can sink their teeth into. (greatamericancountry.com)
  • Cayman (alligator) belongs only to the New World, the family of reptiles, which, together with gavials and proper discharge of crocodiles armored or armored lizards (Loricata). (blogspot.com)
  • According to Hekkala, "[Crocodilians] are the other lineage of living archosaurs," a.k.a. " ruling reptiles ," which have two lineages: "There's the lineage that includes dinosaurs and birds and then there's the lineage that includes crocodiles, and they're each other's closest relatives," she says. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Piped statues for charming water features and fountains, or ornamental sculptures to enhance your outdoor living space, this gallery showcases reptiles, turtles, alligators and snails with artistic panache. (statue.com)
  • Alligators and crocodiles are the world's largest reptiles and the closest living relatives of dinosaurs. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • We all know never to smile at a crocodile, but there's a whole lot more to these large, water dwelling reptiles. (insureandgo.com)
  • Most reptiles can be classified into three large groups: the turtles (order Chelonia), the snakes and lizards (order Squamata), and the alligators and crocodiles (order Crocodilia). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The specimens mostly belonged to extinct crocodilians, which is the supergroup that encompasses both alligators and crocodiles, as well as caimans and gharials . (nytimes.com)
  • The group includes alligators, caimans, crocodiles and gharials. (greatamericancountry.com)
  • Crocodilians - alligators, crocodiles, caimans and gharials - inhabit tropical and warm-temperate lowlands in Africa, Asia, Australia and the Americas. (mote.org)
  • Alligators and caimans their counterparts don't have the glands and are forced to live only in fresh water, unlike their brethren. (blogspot.com)
  • This exciting wild animal show is a favorite South Dakota attraction and features alligators, crocodiles, and caimans in a fun, informative, and interactive presentation. (reptilegardens.com)
  • The class Crocodylia consists of twenty-two species of alligators, caimans, gharials, and crocodiles worldwide, and is most closely related to birds (class Aves). (encyclopedia.com)
  • An order that includes the crocodiles, Alligatoridae (alligators and caimans), and Gavialidae (gavials), derived from thecodontian ( Thecodontia ) ancestors and closely related to the dinosaurs and pterosaurs. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Crocodile Specialist Bank is a worldwide network of people actively involved in the conservation of the world's 23 living species of alligators, crocodiles, caimans, and gharials in the wild. (pbs.org)
  • This bony plate is present in caimans, but is rarely present in the American alligator. (wikipedia.org)
  • This produced the belief that the Chinese alligator's relationship with other crocodilians was between caimans and American alligators. (wikipedia.org)
  • These surprising findings suggest crocodilians - which include alligators, crocodiles and their close relatives - might, via seeds they poop out or regurgitate, act a bit like Johnny Appleseed, helping forests grow by planting seeds across their territories. (livescience.com)
  • Although early research suggested crocodilians were unable to digest sugars and other plant-based nutrients, subsequent work with the American alligator has demonstrated otherwise. (livescience.com)
  • Some crocodilians make transoceanic journeys - some crocodilians, such as the saltwater crocodile, have been found to wander 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometers), swimming from island to island," Platt said. (livescience.com)
  • For the last year and a half, University of Delaware doctoral student Colin Kern has been annotating the genome of the American alligator, the salt water crocodile and the Indian gharial to help researchers from multiple institutions determine the ancestral patterns of evolution among archosaurs, which include crocodilians, dinosaurs and birds. (phys.org)
  • American alligators and American crocodiles aren't the only crocodilians enjoying Florida's sunshine. (mote.org)
  • There are a lot of myths out there about crocodilians, the order to which both alligators and crocodiles belong. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Male crocodilians will occasionally cannibalize young, but "typically, when you see a crocodile or an alligator with babies in its mouth, it's helping, not hurting. (mentalfloss.com)
  • The St. Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park in Florida has reported many interesting behaviors from crocodilians: young alligators eating their vegetables, others swallowing their food underwater, crocodiles feeding their young, and now Caiman yacare eating the eggs of a conspecific as she was in the process of oviposition. (alligatorfarm.com)
  • There is still not a consensus among biologists that the American and Chinese alligators belong to the same genus, despite multiple studies comparing the biochemistry, histology, and various other aspects of the two crocodilians. (wikipedia.org)
  • The American alligator ( Alligator mississippiensis ), perhaps the most recognized symbol of the Everglades, affects nearly all aquatic life in the ecosystem in some way. (ufl.edu)
  • Though on the brink of extinction in the 1960s, over a million American alligators ( Alligator mississippiensis ) now inhabit the coastal states of the Southeast, from Texas to North Carolina. (greatamericancountry.com)
  • The American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) is also found in south Florida, among other places. (usgs.gov)
  • It and the American alligator (A. mississippiensis) are the only living species in the genus Alligator of the family Alligatoridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are two living alligator species: the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) and the Chinese alligator. (blogspot.com)
  • As reported on the St. Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park website , captive American alligators Alligator mississippiensis were observed eating from elderberry plants in 2000, and were definitely eating plant material (rather than grabbing at small animals lurking in the foliage). (scienceblogs.com)
  • The American crocodile ( Crocodylus acutus ) is a coastal species that occurs in parts of Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean, and south Florida. (ufl.edu)
  • 2008. Risk perception and acceptance of the American crocodile ( Crocodylus acutus ) in south Florida . (ufl.edu)
  • 2007. The American Crocodile ( Crocodylus acutus ) in Florida: Recommendations for Endangered Species Recovery and Ecosystem Restoration . (ufl.edu)
  • 2007. Recent nesting of the American crocodile ( Crocodylus acutus ) in Everglades National Park, Florida, USA. (ufl.edu)
  • The American crocodile ( Crocodylus acutus ) is much less aggressive compared with the notorious Nile and Australian saltwater crocodiles. (greatamericancountry.com)
  • The American crocodile ( Crocodylus acutus ) is a species of crocodilian found in the Neotropics . (wikipedia.org)
  • The species was redescribed as Crocodylus floridanus by William Temple Hornaday in 1875, [11] [12] when Hornaday and C. E. Jackson were sent to Florida to collect alligator hides. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the discovery of the Miocene species Crocodylus checchiai indicates that it, the Orinoco crocodile , Morelet's crocodile , and the Cuban crocodile all share an ancestor hailing from Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • The American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) lives in several places within the Americas, including Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean, and south Florida. (usgs.gov)
  • Christopher M. Murray1,2, Peter Russo3, Alexander Zorrilla4, and Caleb D. McMahan5 The freshwater crocodile inhabiting Papua New Guinea, currently recognized as Crocodylus novaeguineae, exhibits morphological, molecular, and ecological divergence between the northern and southern versants of the Central Highlands and occupies separate evolutionary trajectories. (alligatorfarm.com)
  • The data support the inclusion of the Malayan gharial in the Family Gavialidae, and the shift of the African slender-snouted crocodile from the genus Crocodylus to the monophyletic genus Mecistops. (alligatorfarm.com)
  • The American alligator is one of only two living species of alligators, the other a native of China. (pestweb.com)
  • Scientists investigated 18 species of crocodilian, ranging from the American alligator to the fearsome Nile crocodile, and found evidence that 13 of those species devoured fruit of some kind, including a variety of berries, legumes, nuts and grains. (livescience.com)
  • I had found seeds in crocodiles before, but I had just assumed they were not important - and when I talked with other crocodilian biologists, everyone had the same experience," Platt told LiveScience. (livescience.com)
  • Like any other large crocodilian, the American crocodile is potentially dangerous to humans, though it tends not to be as aggressive as some other species. (wikipedia.org)
  • pinyin: yángzǐ'è), also known as the Yangtze alligator, China alligator, or historically the muddy dragon, is a crocodilian endemic to China. (wikipedia.org)
  • An Alligator is a crocodilian in the genus Alligator. (blogspot.com)
  • The largest crocodilian, the Nile crocodile, reaches a length of about 6 meters (20 feet). (encyclopedia.com)
  • We started with the chicken because birds are the most similar group of species to crocodiles, and chicken is probably the most well-studied bird," said Kern. (phys.org)
  • We saw a variety of really amazing birds… and, what we really came for: alligators! (kidsoutandabout.com)
  • At the end of the day we saw turtles, alligators, manatees, a crocodile, and a ton of unique birds and fish throughout a variety of ecosystems. (kidsoutandabout.com)
  • American crocodiles have a four-chambered heart like birds. (angelfire.com)
  • American alligators are known to hunt birds with the aid of sticks. (zoo.com)
  • The alligators will balance branches on their heads as they sit still, tricking birds into thinking it's a place they can nest. (zoo.com)
  • In his study, Dinets describes how American alligators and mugger crocodiles use sticks to capture birds, a process so simple it's terrifying. (listverse.com)
  • The most obvious way to tell a crocodile, left, from an alligator, is from their snouts: Those of alligators are wider and shorter, and crocodiles' top and bottom teeth are interlaced and visible when their mouths are closed. (nytimes.com)
  • When an alligator closes its mouth, you tend to see only its upper teeth. (nytimes.com)
  • Crocodiles on the other hand flash a toothy grin with their top and bottom teeth interlacing. (nytimes.com)
  • The strongest bite belongs to the saltwater crocodile, a Pacific ocean species that crunches down with 3,700 pounds of pressure, according to a new study led by Florida State University biology professor Greg Erickson, whose team strapped down 83 alligators and crocodiles and placed measuring devices between their teeth. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Crocodile clips are typically serrated and have small teeth. (rs-online.com)
  • American crocodiles have conical, pointed teeth on the top jaw which interlock with those on the bottom jaw. (angelfire.com)
  • How many teeth does the average alligator have in its mouth? (zoo.com)
  • Alligators have about 74-80 teeth in their mouths at any one time. (zoo.com)
  • Lost teeth will be replaced, and an alligator will go through 2000-3000 teeth in their lifetime. (zoo.com)
  • Crocodiles show most of their teeth with their mouths closed. (2ndgradereading.net)
  • Snag a few ideas that you can sink your teeth into and we'll see ya later alligator. (pinterest.de)
  • I heard that alligators have overlapping teeth that come out like tusks, but crocs teeth are all inside their mouths. (blogspot.com)
  • Alligators have an average of 75 teeth. (blogspot.com)
  • Yet all blood plasma samples drawn from 125 American alligators across 12 sites in Florida and South Carolina contained at least six of the 15 perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs) that were tracked in the alligator study. (earthscape.org)
  • While alligators are abundant throughout Florida in a variety of freshwater habitats, Everglades populations tend to be lower density and in poorer condition than those in the north. (ufl.edu)
  • The National Park Service supports monitoring of crocodile growth and survival in northeastern Florida Bay, through the Modified Water Deliveries to Everglades National Park project. (ufl.edu)
  • Florida Power & Light Company supports crocodile monitoring at the Turkey Point Power Plant site. (ufl.edu)
  • 2011. The American Crocodile in Biscayne Bay, Florida . (ufl.edu)
  • By modifying wetland habitats, the American alligator has become a keystone species to parts of the Louisiana bayou and Florida Everglades. (greatamericancountry.com)
  • There are approximately 500 to 1,500 American crocodiles in the U.S., only found in the fresh and saltwater wetlands of southern Florida such as Biscayne National Park and Everglades National Park . (greatamericancountry.com)
  • Status and Conservation of the America n Crocodile in Florida: Recovering an Endangered Species While Restoring an Endangered Ecosystem. (mote.org)
  • American crocodiles are found in the souther tip of Florida, including the Florida Keys. (angelfire.com)
  • It is the most widespread of the four extant species of crocodiles from the Americas , with populations present from South Florida and the coasts of Mexico to as far south as Peru and Venezuela. (wikipedia.org)
  • Johnny Alligator is a crocodile plush, this skinny guy came up from Florida not long ago. (mauagang.com)
  • This is a native alligator in North America and occurs from southeast Texas to Florida and north to the eastern parts of North and South Carolina. (pestweb.com)
  • The name alligator comes from Spanish el lagarto (the lizard), the name by which early Spanish explorers and settlers in Florida called the alligator. (blogspot.com)
  • According to the Everglades National Park website, the largest alligator ever recorded in Florida was 17 feet 5 inches. (blogspot.com)
  • Monitoring data are combined and displayed on a map in "stoplight" colors to represent the status of the alligator and crocodile populations and progress toward meeting restoration goals. (ufl.edu)
  • 2011. Estimating trends in alligator populations from nightlight survey data . (ufl.edu)
  • Currently, the greatest threat to the American alligator and crocodile populations in the U.S. is habitat destruction. (greatamericancountry.com)
  • There are people recently who have been training captive populations of crocodiles to come to a clicker so that they can get their veterinary treatment, and it's working," Hekkala says. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Adult American alligator. (livescience.com)
  • This wallet is made with beautiful authentic American Alligator skin that is tanned brown and treated with a satin finish. (ebay.com)
  • Despite a resurgence of its population, the American alligator is listed as threatened by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service while its cousin, the American crocodile, is listed as both endangered and threatened. (washingtontimes.com)
  • UD doctoral student Colin Kern has been annotating the genome of the American alligator, the salt water crocodile and the Indian gharial. (phys.org)
  • As surely as there is no other Everglades, no other single species defines the Everglades as does the American alligator. (usgs.gov)
  • Florida's fearsome lord of the swamps, the American alligator, ranks sixth in the world in the power of its bite. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The American alligator bit with a force of 2,980 pounds. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Although this ranked fifth among the species tested, Erickson said it really ranks sixth, behind the American crocodile, a rare species for which he was unable to test the largest specimens. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The saltwater crocodile tested was 17 feet, and the American alligator was 13 feet. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Genuine American Louisiana Alligator wallets with full leather linings. (dann-online.com)
  • In wetland ecosystems, the American alligator constructs small ponds that retain water during the dry season, acting as oases for other aquatic animals. (greatamericancountry.com)
  • The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Commission still classifies the American alligator as threatened, however, because of its similarity to the American crocodile, also a threatened species. (greatamericancountry.com)
  • American crocodiles are a threatened species but are still protected from illegal harassing, poaching or killing under the federal Endangered Species Act. (greatamericancountry.com)
  • Looks like American crocodile, but slightly broader snout and regular pattern of bony plates on back. (mote.org)
  • American Crocodile: species profile. (mote.org)
  • The American crocodile is perhaps one of the largest species of crocodiles. (angelfire.com)
  • The area around the eyes of mature American crocodiles have a distinct swelling. (angelfire.com)
  • American crocodiles are not the traditional green in colour. (angelfire.com)
  • These plates are more reduced in the American crocodile than in other species. (angelfire.com)
  • American crocodiles prefer saltwater, and are found primarily in saltwater swamps and marshes, sometimes swimming into the ocean. (angelfire.com)
  • American crocodiles have a slow rate of digestion during the cold weather, allowing them to go for months without food. (angelfire.com)
  • American crocodiles will also eat carcasses. (angelfire.com)
  • American crocodiles hunt by remaining completely motionless in the water. (angelfire.com)
  • American crocodiles swallow stones to aide in digestion and to help stabilize them in the water. (angelfire.com)
  • The American crocodile has few enemies. (angelfire.com)
  • American crocodiles reach sexual maturity at 8-10 years of age or 6-8 ft (1.8-2.4 m) in length. (angelfire.com)
  • The American crocodile shares its habitat with the American alligator and the Cuban crocodile. (angelfire.com)
  • Not to be confused with the American alligator . (wikipedia.org)
  • The habitat of the American crocodile consists largely of coastal areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other crocodiles also have tolerance to saltwater due to salt glands underneath the tongue, but the American crocodile is the only species other than the saltwater crocodile to commonly live and thrive in saltwater. (wikipedia.org)
  • Until 2020, the evolution of the American crocodile was poorly understood. (wikipedia.org)
  • The snout is longer and narrower than that of the American alligator , but broader on average than that of the Orinoco crocodile . (wikipedia.org)
  • American crocodiles are also paler and more grayish than the relatively dark-hued American alligator. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chinese and American alligators belong to the family of crocodiles and bear the name of a completely undeserved. (blogspot.com)
  • The genus Alligator had previously contained only the American alligator since its creation in 1807. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1947, it was suggested to group the Chinese alligator in a separate genus from its American relative, due to the Chinese alligator's bony plate on its upper eyelid. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the time, the plate was thought to not appear in the American alligator at all. (wikipedia.org)
  • This and the fact that the American alligator does infrequently have a bony plate on its eyelid have caused Caigator sinensis to now be classified as a synonym of Alligator sinensis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The image shows an American crocodile. (hindustantimes.com)
  • The video sequence included here shows an American alligator eating kumquats. (scienceblogs.com)
  • If you are in croc or alligator territory, stay out of the water. (triviachamp.com)
  • If a croc came into your life and you were looking for a cool croc name , these classic crocodile characters might inspire it. (ranker.com)
  • There are three major groups in Crocodilya - alligators, crocodiles, and gavials. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Alligators and crocodiles integrate biological impacts of hydrological operations, affecting them at all life stages through three key aspects of Everglades ecology: (1) food webs, (2) diversity and productivity, and (3) freshwater flow. (usgs.gov)
  • The crocodile was declared endangered in 1975, and although the population has significantly recovered and was reclassified as threatened in 2007, it continues to face issues related to habitat loss from development and effects of altered freshwater flow into estuaries. (ufl.edu)
  • Because of their key ecological roles and sensitivity to freshwater flow, alligators and crocodiles have been identified as a system-wide indicator of the health of Everglades environments. (ufl.edu)
  • For alligators, we monitor relative density (number of alligators per kilometer), body condition (measured as length/weight ratio), and percent of alligator holes that are occupied. (ufl.edu)
  • 2010. Spatial distribution of alligator holes in the central Everglades . (ufl.edu)
  • Crocodile mothers dig holes. (2ndgradereading.net)
  • Unlike their cousin the alligator, the fourth bottom tooth on all crocodiles is visible when their mouths are closed. (greatamericancountry.com)
  • A long time ago, people would observe the crocodiles and alligators digging up nests and having hatchlings in their mouths, and they would think that they were eating them. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Saltwater crocodiles have one of the strongest bite forces ever measured. (zoo.com)
  • Saltwater crocodiles have been measured to have a bite force of a staggering 3,700 psi. (zoo.com)
  • Maniac is one of a few giant saltwater crocodiles in the known world. (reptilegardens.com)
  • Caiman crocodile/alligator skin on front, and. (ebay.com)
  • Features: Handmade Authentic Belly Alligator/Crocodile Skin Handbag/Shoulder Bag in Tan colour Measurements: 8' wide, 8' high, 4' deep Materials: Quality genuine belly caiman crocodile skins. (thaiorientalleather.com)
  • Men and women who are saltwater or estuarine crocodile lovers can use this cool animal design! (thoseshirts.com)
  • According to Arvind Pawar, a member of the Wildlife Rescue trust, the crocodile was found in the residential Tarsali area of the district with an injury on its tail. (hindustantimes.com)
  • The crocodile was rescued by the Wildlife Department. (hindustantimes.com)
  • They average at 12 ft (3.5 m) in length, with a maximum length of 23 ft (7 m) longer than the infamous Nile crocodile. (angelfire.com)
  • New species of crocodiles have been discovered thanks to increased study - it's likely that the Nile Crocodile is actually a separate species from the West African crocodile, for instance. (zoo.com)
  • The shipment of genuine Louisiana Alligator and genuine Crocodile straps arrived today. (blogspot.com)
  • Genuine Alligator wallet has a lined pouch for credit cards or money and a magnetic clip for money or business cards. (ebay.com)
  • Check out ALL our Genuine Alligator products! (ebay.com)
  • It has a shiny finish which accentuates the distinctive tile pattern and unique natural markings of Genuine Alligator. (ebay.com)
  • Genuine Alligator is one of the most durable exotic skins. (ebay.com)
  • The item is for one new, never used Handmade Genuine Alligator - Crocodile Premium Leather Bifold Wallet. (ebay.com)
  • Mint Condition and burnished with a lustrous finish, these oxfords are handcrafted from genuine calf leather with genuine alligator accentuating the vamp. (ebay.com)
  • AB2075 will help secure our economic recovery while keeping the strong conservation safeguards in place of the alligator and crocodile species used in the trade," Cannella said. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The black alligator and crocodile straps, as expected, look good with everything. (blogspot.com)
  • Crocodiles and alligators are infamous carnivores, but it turns out they do not live on meat alone - scientists have unexpectedly discovered that these predators occasionally snack on fruit as well. (livescience.com)
  • Not only is there the danger that your beloved animal may fall victim to one of these predators, your pet may inadvertently scare a crocodile into attacking or attract a hungry one. (triviachamp.com)
  • The name alligator comes from the Portuguese word lagarto (lat. (blogspot.com)
  • Paulus Edward Pieris Deraniyagala described the genus Caigator the same year, which only contained the Chinese alligator, making its scientific name Caigator sinensis. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, paleontology has shown that the Chinese alligator has evolved from other now-extinct members of the genus Alligator. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meanwhile, a crocodile on the edge of the upper jaw, near the snout has a wrinkle, which includes sticking up fourth tooth of the lower jaw, an alligator that tooth enters into the groove located on the edge of the upper jaw. (blogspot.com)
  • Crocodiles have long, narrow snouts, and the 4th tooth of the lower jaw is outside when the mouth is closed. (blogspot.com)
  • Beautiful alligator skin has Cognac coloring. (ebay.com)
  • I have alligator straps in Black, Blue and Cognac. (blogspot.com)
  • Stainless steel is incredibly hard wearing and resistant to corrosion, making it a popular choice for crocodile clips. (rs-online.com)
  • However, stainless steel can be a difficult material to solder, which you may need to take into consideration when choosing the right crocodile clip for your application. (rs-online.com)
  • I wondered about the blue alligator strap, but I really like the blue alligator on the stainless steel cased prototype Ka La watch with its blue hands and hour markers. (blogspot.com)
  • Our product range includes a wide range of Electrobot Crocodile Clips, 20pcs 35MM Crocodile Clamps Metal Alligator Clip Crocodile Electrical Cl and REES52 BOSET BO Motor 100 RPM 2 Pieces BO Wheel 2 Pieces BO Motor Clamp with Screws 2 Pieces. (indiamart.com)
  • Estate sale find: Men's genuine leather bi-fold Alligator skin flip up wallet in a brown/luggage color. (ebay.com)
  • Genuine handcrafted 100% Alligator Skin Slim Premium Card Holder. (ebay.com)
  • 100% Genuine Crocodile alligator wallet new genuine skin leather bags. (ebay.com)
  • SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) - The state Senate on Thursday approved a five-year extension allowing the sale of products made with crocodile and alligator skin, which often are used in luxury goods. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Because the amendment does not exclude preowned items, it poses a particularly unique challenge with respect to the resale or repair of alligator or crocodile skin items within the state of California that were sold prior to Jan. 1, 2020. (loeb.com)
  • Crocodiles and alligators have some of the most acutely sensitive skin in the animal kingdom, new research has found. (conicl.com)
  • It is easy to look at an alligator and think that their tough skin would be nearly impervious to touch. (conicl.com)
  • Alligator belts or crocodile belts in the market are offered at its expensive prices since it is made from original and pure natural skin of crocodile and alligator. (crocodile-bag.com)
  • In the selection process of the store that you're going to purchase the belt, you need to consider choosing the best provider that offers only those authentic and originally made belts from alligator or crocodile skin. (crocodile-bag.com)
  • Crocodile skin is different. (blogspot.com)
  • Alligator and crocodile skin is a classic. (blogspot.com)
  • There are protuberances, which form rows 2-2-2 on the skin of the head of an alligator. (blogspot.com)
  • The lines on the skin of an alligator is a little chaotic, and pattern of scales are not geometric (as it is on the crocodile skin). (blogspot.com)
  • Alligator skin is more expensive than crocodile leather. (blogspot.com)
  • But as in the case of alligator skin, abdominal part of the skin is the most valuable and expensive part. (blogspot.com)
  • Crocodile skin wallets and alligator skin wallets may differ in price. (blogspot.com)
  • Alligators only have them on part of their jaw, but crocodiles actually have the pits all over their skin, everywhere-all over their face, all over their bodies, and they're unbelievably sensitive to pressure, and these were only recently discovered," Hekkala says. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Injection of crocodiles with α-MSH caused the skin to lighten. (alligatorfarm.com)
  • He said that the alligator lived in "caverns" in the day and hunted at night, and that humans targeted its meat and skin, with its gall bladder having multiple medical purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Featuring the finest hand made construction, these black crocodile and horn back skin shoes will get you noticed. (ebay.com)
  • Genuine REAL CROCODILE alligator skin belt brown leather new. (12thpintbrewery.com)
  • Genuine REAL CROCODILE alligator skin belt brown leather new 40 42 44,alligator skin belt brown leather new 40 42 44 Genuine REAL CROCODILE, Shoes & Accessories, Men, Men's Accessories,Genuine REAL CROCODILE alligator skin belt brown leather new, 40 42 44Clothing, 20% Rabatt, Jetzt kaufen Unglaubliches Einkaufsparadies Online-Einkaufszentrum Jetzt online einkaufen Alles zu tollen Preisen - Zufriedenheit garantiert. (12thpintbrewery.com)
  • Zu - Diese Trikots sind einlagige Gerät-Twill-Schriftzug, Der Schraubstock kann bis zu einer Breite von 12, Genuine REAL CROCODILE alligator skin belt brown leather new 40 42 44 . (12thpintbrewery.com)
  • Die verwendeten Lacke sind mit dem blauen Engel ausgezeichnet, Genuine REAL CROCODILE alligator skin belt brown leather new 40 42 44 , ❤ Beste Galeriequalität für Deinen Kunstdruck, Krümmung der Wirbelsäule (Skoliose). (12thpintbrewery.com)
  • Alligators and crocodiles are the charismatic megafauna of the Everglades. (usgs.gov)
  • The Everglades is the only place in the world where both alligators and crocodiles exist. (usgs.gov)
  • A few years ago, on a solo-trip to Ft. Lauderdale, I took an airboat ride through the Everglades and saw a bunch of Alligators in their natural habitat. (kidsoutandabout.com)
  • and growth and survival of crocodiles in North Key Largo, Biscayne Bay, and coastal areas of Everglades National Park. (ufl.edu)
  • The greatest biological difference between alligators and crocodiles is that alligators do not have functioning salt glands on their tongues. (greatamericancountry.com)
  • This cheeky crocodile teddy has a teal body, green spikes and a toothy grin. (mauagang.com)
  • Do not bother trying to pry a crocodiles jaws open. (triviachamp.com)
  • It is also helpful for the manipulation of non-food objects in their jaws, such as when carrying their young and may be necessary for female alligators and crocodiles, as part of their parental behavior includes "delicately" breaking open their eggs when they are ready to hatch. (conicl.com)
  • This is a crocodile-shaped tree that has grown from the ground with splashing water shown as blades of grass and a bird that has grown at the top of the tree but is trying to 'get away' from the jaws of the crocodile. (artpal.com)
  • Crocodiles have very strong jaws. (blogspot.com)
  • Mote scientist Melissa Bernhard studied chemicals called endocrine disruptors and their possible effects on biological signaling in alligators' bodies. (mote.org)
  • Yes, both crocodiles and alligators are surprisingly fast on land, however they tire quickly and are generally lazy. (triviachamp.com)
  • Surprisingly, crocodiles and alligators have both been observed eating a fairly wide variety of fruits and vegetables in addition to their predictable and expected diet of meat. (zoo.com)
  • Crocodiles and alligators are surprisingly fast on land. (methodshop.com)
  • What is the difference between an alligator and a crocodile? (graysonline.com)
  • What's the difference between alligators and crocodiles? (lolzombie.com)
  • Usually, kids wonder about the difference between alligators and crocodiles. (2ndgradereading.net)
  • Do you know the difference between alligators and crocodiles. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Incidentally, does anyone actually know the difference between crocodiles and alligators (our trip to the museum was not very educational). (blogspot.com)
  • the crocodile component uses juvenile growth and hatchling survival. (usgs.gov)
  • The dark brown crocodile leather is a timeless feature that captures the eye of every single onlooker. (bikerringshop.com)
  • Not just any boots, but well made alligator leather boots. (hubpages.com)
  • It would astonish many people to know that the Civil War created a demand for high-quality alligator leather, and in turn started a massive slaughter of alligators. (hubpages.com)
  • Crocodile clips can be constructed from a variety of metals, but the most common are steel (stainless, nickel plated or gold plated) and copper. (rs-online.com)