A genus of GRAM-POSITIVE ENDOSPORE-FORMING RODS, in the family Alicyclobacillaceae, containing a unique lipid in their membranes.
Rod-shaped bacteria that form endospores and are gram-positive. Representative genera include BACILLUS and CLOSTRIDIUM.
An agent thought to have disinfectant properties and used as an expectorant. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p747)
Bacteria that form endospores and are gram-positive. Representative genera include BACILLUS; CLOSTRIDIUM; MICROMONOSPORA; SACCHAROPOLYSPORA; and STREPTOMYCES.
An exocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-glucosidic linkages of 1,4-beta-D-glucans resulting in successive removal of GLUCOSE units.
Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A group of nine islands and several islets belonging to Portugal in the north Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Portugal. The islands are named after the acores, the Portuguese for goshawks, living there in abundance. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p102 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p42)
A plant species of the family ACTINIDIACEAE, order Theales.
The mallow family of the order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. Members include GOSSYPIUM, okra (ABELMOSCHUS), HIBISCUS, and CACAO. The common names of hollyhock and mallow are used for several genera of Malvaceae.
A family of bacteria which produce endospores. They are mostly saprophytes from soil, but a few are insect or animal parasites or pathogens.
Cycloheptanes are hydrocarbons characterized by a seven-membered carbon ring, with each carbon atom bonded to either another carbon atom or a hydrogen atom, and having the molecular formula (C7H14).
Enzymes of the isomerase class that catalyze the transfer of acyl-, phospho-, amino- or other groups from one position within a molecule to another. EC 5.4.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
Aerobic bacteria are types of microbes that require oxygen to grow and reproduce, and use it in the process of respiration to break down organic matter and produce energy, often found in environments where oxygen is readily available such as the human body's skin, mouth, and intestines.
Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.
A genus of BACILLACEAE that are spore-forming, rod-shaped cells. Most species are saprophytic soil forms with only a few species being pathogenic.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Organic compounds containing the carboxy group (-COOH). This group of compounds includes amino acids and fatty acids. Carboxylic acids can be saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Habitat of hot water naturally heated by underlying geologic processes. Surface hot springs have been used for BALNEOLOGY. Underwater hot springs are called HYDROTHERMAL VENTS.
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The study of microorganisms living in a variety of environments (air, soil, water, etc.) and their pathogenic relationship to other organisms including man.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The extent to which an enzyme retains its structural conformation or its activity when subjected to storage, isolation, and purification or various other physical or chemical manipulations, including proteolytic enzymes and heat.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
A form of interference microscopy in which variations of the refracting index in the object are converted into variations of intensity in the image. This is achieved by the action of a phase plate.
The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.
Hydrocarbon rings which contain two ketone moieties in any position. They can be substituted in any position except at the ketone groups.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A bacterial DNA topoisomerase II that catalyzes ATP-dependent breakage of both strands of DNA, passage of the unbroken strands through the breaks, and rejoining of the broken strands. Gyrase binds to DNA as a heterotetramer consisting of two A and two B subunits. In the presence of ATP, gyrase is able to convert the relaxed circular DNA duplex into a superhelix. In the absence of ATP, supercoiled DNA is relaxed by DNA gyrase.
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.

Structure of endoglucanase Cel9A from the thermoacidophilic Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius. (1/15)

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Influence of different filling, cooling, and storage conditions on the growth of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris CRA7152 in orange juice. (2/15)

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Expression of an extremely acidic beta-1,4-glucanase from thermoacidophilic Alicyclobacillus sp. A4 in Pichia pastoris is improved by truncating the gene sequence. (3/15)

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Molecular simulations provide new insights into the role of the accessory immunoglobulin-like domain of Cel9A. (4/15)

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Identification and characterization of a bacterial glutamic peptidase. (5/15)

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Squalene-hopene cyclases. (6/15)

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Complete genome sequence of Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius strain Tc-4-1. (7/15)

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Adsorption of beta-galactosidase of Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius on wild type and mutants spores of Bacillus subtilis. (8/15)

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Alicyclobacillus is a genus of bacteria that are characterized by their ability to produce endospores and their resistance to high temperatures. These bacteria are gram-positive, rod-shaped, and facultatively anaerobic, meaning they can grow in the presence or absence of oxygen. They are commonly found in soil, water, and food, particularly acidic foods such as fruit juices and sauces. Some species of Alicyclobacillus can produce compounds that give off a smoky or medicinal odor and taste, which can affect the quality and safety of food products.

"Gram-Positive Endospore-Forming Rods" is a term that refers to a specific group of bacteria with certain defining characteristics. Here's the medical definition:

Gram-Positive: These are bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain used in Gram staining, a common laboratory technique for the differential staining of bacteria. The cell walls of these bacteria contain a thick layer of peptidoglycan and teichoic acids, which retain the stain.

Endospore-Forming: These are bacteria that can form endospores under adverse conditions. Endospores are highly resistant structures that can survive extreme conditions like high temperatures, radiation, and chemicals. They allow the bacterium to remain dormant until favorable conditions return.

Rods: This refers to the shape of the bacteria. Rod-shaped bacteria are also known as bacilli.

So, when we say 'Gram-Positive Endospore-Forming Rods', we're referring to a group of bacteria that have a rod shape, retain the crystal violet stain in Gram staining (Gram-positive), and can form highly resistant endospores under unfavorable conditions. Examples of such bacteria include Bacillus species and Clostridium species.

Guaiacol is not a medical term per se, but it is a chemical compound with potential applications in the medical field. Here's a general definition:

Guaiacol (also known as 2-methoxyphenol) is an organic compound that belongs to the class of phenols. It is a colorless or slightly yellow oily liquid with a characteristic smoky odor, and it is soluble in alcohol and ether but only sparingly soluble in water. Guaiacol occurs naturally in the smoke of wood fires and is also found in certain plants, such as guaiacum and creosote bush. It has antimicrobial properties and is used in some medical and industrial applications, including as a precursor for the synthesis of other chemicals.

Gram-positive endospore-forming bacteria are a type of bacteria that possess certain characteristic features.

1. Gram-Positive: These bacteria appear purple under the microscope when stained using the Gram stain technique, which differentiates bacterial types based on their cell wall composition. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick peptidoglycan layer in their cell walls and teichoic acids, making them retain the crystal violet stain used in this process.

2. Endospore-Forming: These bacteria can form endospores under adverse environmental conditions, such as extreme temperatures, pH levels, or nutrient deprivation. Endospores are highly resistant, dormant structures that contain DNA and some essential enzymes. They can survive in harsh environments for extended periods and germinate into vegetative cells when conditions improve.

These bacteria include several pathogenic species, such as Bacillus anthracis (causes anthrax), Clostridium tetani (causes tetanus), and Clostridium botulinum (produces botulinum toxin). Proper identification and understanding their characteristics are crucial for developing effective infection control measures, treatment strategies, and prevention methods.

Glucan 1,4-beta-Glucosidase is an enzyme that breaks down certain types of complex carbohydrates known as beta-glucans. Specifically, this enzyme hydrolyzes the beta-1,4 glycosidic bonds in glucans, releasing individual glucose molecules. It is found in various organisms, including bacteria, fungi, and plants. In humans, it plays a role in the digestion of certain dietary fibers and may have potential applications in medical and industrial settings, such as in the treatment of bacterial infections or the production of biofuels.

A beverage is a drink intended for human consumption. The term is often used to refer to any drink that is not alcoholic or, in other words, non-alcoholic beverages. This includes drinks such as water, juice, tea, coffee, and soda. However, it can also include alcoholic drinks like beer, wine, and spirits.

In a medical context, beverages are often discussed in relation to their impact on health. For example, sugary drinks like soda and energy drinks have been linked to obesity, diabetes, and other health problems. On the other hand, drinks like water and unsweetened tea can help to keep people hydrated and may have other health benefits.

It's important for individuals to be mindful of their beverage choices and to choose options that are healthy and support their overall well-being. This may involve limiting sugary drinks, choosing water or unsweetened tea instead of soda, and avoiding excessive caffeine intake.

I'm not aware of any medical definitions for "Azores." The Azores is a group of nine volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean, located about 850 miles west of Portugal. They are an autonomous region of Portugal and have a population of around 250,000 people. The islands are known for their beautiful landscapes, mild climate, and unique flora and fauna.

If you have any specific questions related to the Azores or if there is something specific you would like to know about the region in a medical context, please let me know and I will do my best to help!

'Actinidia' is a genus of woody climbing plants native to East Asia, commonly known as "kiwifruit" or "Chinese gooseberries." The most commercially important species in this genus is Actinidia deliciosa, which produces the familiar fuzzy green kiwifruit. Other species in the genus include Actinidia arguta (smooth skin kiwi or kiwi berry) and Actinidia chinensis (golden kiwi). These plants are known for their edible fruit, which contains high levels of vitamin C and other nutrients. In a medical context, 'Actinidia' may be mentioned in relation to the health benefits of consuming kiwifruit or its potential use in natural medicine.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Malvaceae" is not a medical term. It is a taxonomic category in botany, referring to the mallow family of plants, which includes over 4,000 species. Some plants in this family have been used in traditional medicine, but Malvaceae itself does not have a specific medical definition.

Bacillaceae is a family of Gram-positive bacteria that are typically rod-shaped (bacilli) and can form endospores under adverse conditions. These bacteria are widely distributed in nature, including in soil, water, and the gastrointestinal tracts of animals. Some members of this family are capable of causing disease in humans, such as Bacillus anthracis, which causes anthrax, and Bacillus cereus, which can cause foodborne illness. Other genera in this family include Lysinibacillus, Paenibacillus, and Jeotgalibacillus.

Cycloheptanes are organic compounds that consist of a seven-membered carbon ring, also known as a heptane ring, with each carbon atom bonded to either another carbon atom or a hydrogen atom. The chemical structure of cycloheptanes can be represented by the formula C7H14.

Cycloheptanes are classified as saturated hydrocarbons because all of the carbon-carbon bonds in the ring are single bonds. This means that there are no double or triple bonds between any of the carbon atoms in the ring.

Cycloheptanes have a variety of uses in the chemical industry, including as intermediates in the synthesis of other chemicals and as solvents. They can also be found in some natural sources, such as certain essential oils.

It is worth noting that cycloheptanes are not commonly encountered in medical contexts, as they do not have direct relevance to human health or disease. However, like all chemical compounds, cycloheptanes can potentially have toxic effects if ingested, inhaled, or otherwise introduced into the body in large enough quantities.

Intramolecular transferases are a specific class of enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a functional group from one part of a molecule to another within the same molecule. These enzymes play a crucial role in various biochemical reactions, including the modification of complex carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids. By facilitating intramolecular transfers, these enzymes help regulate cellular processes, signaling pathways, and metabolic functions.

The systematic name for this class of enzymes is: [donor group]-transferring intramolecular transferases. The classification system developed by the Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (NC-IUBMB) categorizes them under EC 2.5. This category includes enzymes that transfer alkyl or aryl groups, other than methyl groups; methyl groups; hydroxylyl groups, including glycosyl groups; and various other specific functional groups.

Examples of intramolecular transferases include:

1. Protein kinases (EC 2.7.11): Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a phosphate group from ATP to a specific amino acid residue within a protein, thereby regulating protein function and cellular signaling pathways.
2. Glycosyltransferases (EC 2.4): Enzymes that facilitate the transfer of glycosyl groups between donor and acceptor molecules; some of these enzymes can catalyze intramolecular transfers, playing a role in the biosynthesis and modification of complex carbohydrates.
3. Methyltransferases (EC 2.1): Enzymes that transfer methyl groups between donor and acceptor molecules; some of these enzymes can catalyze intramolecular transfers, contributing to the regulation of gene expression and other cellular processes.

Understanding the function and regulation of intramolecular transferases is essential for elucidating their roles in various biological processes and developing targeted therapeutic strategies for diseases associated with dysregulation of these enzymes.

Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is a type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes, which are complex structures inside cells where protein synthesis occurs. The "16S" refers to the sedimentation coefficient of the rRNA molecule, which is a measure of its size and shape. In particular, 16S rRNA is a component of the smaller subunit of the prokaryotic ribosome (found in bacteria and archaea), and is often used as a molecular marker for identifying and classifying these organisms due to its relative stability and conservation among species. The sequence of 16S rRNA can be compared across different species to determine their evolutionary relationships and taxonomic positions.

Ribosomal DNA (rDNA) refers to the specific regions of DNA in a cell that contain the genes for ribosomal RNA (rRNA). Ribosomes are complex structures composed of proteins and rRNA, which play a crucial role in protein synthesis by translating messenger RNA (mRNA) into proteins.

In humans, there are four types of rRNA molecules: 18S, 5.8S, 28S, and 5S. These rRNAs are encoded by multiple copies of rDNA genes that are organized in clusters on specific chromosomes. In humans, the majority of rDNA genes are located on the short arms of acrocentric chromosomes 13, 14, 15, 21, and 22.

Each cluster of rDNA genes contains both transcribed and non-transcribed spacer regions. The transcribed regions contain the genes for the four types of rRNA, while the non-transcribed spacers contain regulatory elements that control the transcription of the rRNA genes.

The number of rDNA copies varies between species and even within individuals of the same species. The copy number can also change during development and in response to environmental factors. Variations in rDNA copy number have been associated with various diseases, including cancer and neurological disorders.

Aerobic bacteria are a type of bacteria that require oxygen to live and grow. These bacteria use oxygen as the final electron acceptor in their respiratory chain to generate energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Aerobic bacteria can be found in various environments, including soil, water, and the air, as well as on the surfaces of living things. Some examples of aerobic bacteria include species of Pseudomonas, Bacillus, and Staphylococcus.

It's worth noting that some bacteria can switch between aerobic and anaerobic metabolism depending on the availability of oxygen. These bacteria are called facultative anaerobes. In contrast, obligate anaerobes are bacteria that cannot tolerate oxygen and will die in its presence.

rRNA (ribosomal RNA) is not a type of gene itself, but rather a crucial component that is transcribed from genes known as ribosomal DNA (rDNA). In cells, rRNA plays an essential role in protein synthesis by assembling with ribosomal proteins to form ribosomes. Ribosomes are complex structures where the translation of mRNA into proteins occurs. There are multiple types of rRNA molecules, including 5S, 5.8S, 18S, and 28S rRNAs in eukaryotic cells, each with specific functions during protein synthesis.

In summary, 'Genes, rRNA' would refer to the genetic regions (genes) that code for ribosomal RNA molecules, which are vital components of the protein synthesis machinery within cells.

'Bacillus' is a genus of rod-shaped, gram-positive bacteria that are commonly found in soil, water, and the gastrointestinal tracts of animals. Many species of Bacillus are capable of forming endospores, which are highly resistant to heat, radiation, and chemicals, allowing them to survive for long periods in harsh environments. The most well-known species of Bacillus is B. anthracis, which causes anthrax in animals and humans. Other species of Bacillus have industrial or agricultural importance, such as B. subtilis, which is used in the production of enzymes and antibiotics.

Phylogeny is the evolutionary history and relationship among biological entities, such as species or genes, based on their shared characteristics. In other words, it refers to the branching pattern of evolution that shows how various organisms have descended from a common ancestor over time. Phylogenetic analysis involves constructing a tree-like diagram called a phylogenetic tree, which depicts the inferred evolutionary relationships among organisms or genes based on molecular sequence data or other types of characters. This information is crucial for understanding the diversity and distribution of life on Earth, as well as for studying the emergence and spread of diseases.

Carboxylic acids are organic compounds that contain a carboxyl group, which is a functional group made up of a carbon atom doubly bonded to an oxygen atom and single bonded to a hydroxyl group. The general formula for a carboxylic acid is R-COOH, where R represents the rest of the molecule.

Carboxylic acids can be found in various natural sources such as in fruits, vegetables, and animal products. Some common examples of carboxylic acids include formic acid (HCOOH), acetic acid (CH3COOH), propionic acid (C2H5COOH), and butyric acid (C3H7COOH).

Carboxylic acids have a variety of uses in industry, including as food additives, pharmaceuticals, and industrial chemicals. They are also important intermediates in the synthesis of other organic compounds. In the body, carboxylic acids play important roles in metabolism and energy production.

Molecular sequence data refers to the specific arrangement of molecules, most commonly nucleotides in DNA or RNA, or amino acids in proteins, that make up a biological macromolecule. This data is generated through laboratory techniques such as sequencing, and provides information about the exact order of the constituent molecules. This data is crucial in various fields of biology, including genetics, evolution, and molecular biology, allowing for comparisons between different organisms, identification of genetic variations, and studies of gene function and regulation.

Bacterial DNA refers to the genetic material found in bacteria. It is composed of a double-stranded helix containing four nucleotide bases - adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C) - that are linked together by phosphodiester bonds. The sequence of these bases in the DNA molecule carries the genetic information necessary for the growth, development, and reproduction of bacteria.

Bacterial DNA is circular in most bacterial species, although some have linear chromosomes. In addition to the main chromosome, many bacteria also contain small circular pieces of DNA called plasmids that can carry additional genes and provide resistance to antibiotics or other environmental stressors.

Unlike eukaryotic cells, which have their DNA enclosed within a nucleus, bacterial DNA is present in the cytoplasm of the cell, where it is in direct contact with the cell's metabolic machinery. This allows for rapid gene expression and regulation in response to changing environmental conditions.

'Hot Springs' are a type of geothermal feature where water is heated by the Earth's internal heat and emerges from the ground at temperatures greater than the surrounding air temperature. The water in hot springs can range in temperature from warm to extremely hot, and it is often rich in minerals such as calcium, magnesium, sulfur, and sodium.

People have been using hot springs for thousands of years for various purposes, including relaxation, recreation, and therapeutic benefits. The heat and mineral content of the water can help to soothe sore muscles, improve circulation, and promote healing in some cases. However, it is important to note that not all hot springs are safe for bathing, as some may contain harmful bacteria or pollutants. It is always recommended to check with local authorities before using a hot spring for therapeutic purposes.

Fatty acids are carboxylic acids with a long aliphatic chain, which are important components of lipids and are widely distributed in living organisms. They can be classified based on the length of their carbon chain, saturation level (presence or absence of double bonds), and other structural features.

The two main types of fatty acids are:

1. Saturated fatty acids: These have no double bonds in their carbon chain and are typically solid at room temperature. Examples include palmitic acid (C16:0) and stearic acid (C18:0).
2. Unsaturated fatty acids: These contain one or more double bonds in their carbon chain and can be further classified into monounsaturated (one double bond) and polyunsaturated (two or more double bonds) fatty acids. Examples of unsaturated fatty acids include oleic acid (C18:1, monounsaturated), linoleic acid (C18:2, polyunsaturated), and alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3, polyunsaturated).

Fatty acids play crucial roles in various biological processes, such as energy storage, membrane structure, and cell signaling. Some essential fatty acids cannot be synthesized by the human body and must be obtained through dietary sources.

Bacterial RNA refers to the genetic material present in bacteria that is composed of ribonucleic acid (RNA). Unlike higher organisms, bacteria contain a single circular chromosome made up of DNA, along with smaller circular pieces of DNA called plasmids. These bacterial genetic materials contain the information necessary for the growth and reproduction of the organism.

Bacterial RNA can be divided into three main categories: messenger RNA (mRNA), ribosomal RNA (rRNA), and transfer RNA (tRNA). mRNA carries genetic information copied from DNA, which is then translated into proteins by the rRNA and tRNA molecules. rRNA is a structural component of the ribosome, where protein synthesis occurs, while tRNA acts as an adapter that brings amino acids to the ribosome during protein synthesis.

Bacterial RNA plays a crucial role in various cellular processes, including gene expression, protein synthesis, and regulation of metabolic pathways. Understanding the structure and function of bacterial RNA is essential for developing new antibiotics and other therapeutic strategies to combat bacterial infections.

I apologize, but there seems to be a misunderstanding. "Soil microbiology" is not a medical term; rather, it is a branch of microbiology that deals with the study of microorganisms in soil. It involves understanding the diversity, ecology, and biochemistry of bacteria, fungi, algae, protozoa, and other microscopic life forms found in soil. This field has applications in agriculture, environmental science, and waste management but is not directly related to medical definitions or human health.

Hydrogen-ion concentration, also known as pH, is a measure of the acidity or basicity of a solution. It is defined as the negative logarithm (to the base 10) of the hydrogen ion activity in a solution. The standard unit of measurement is the pH unit. A pH of 7 is neutral, less than 7 is acidic, and greater than 7 is basic.

In medical terms, hydrogen-ion concentration is important for maintaining homeostasis within the body. For example, in the stomach, a high hydrogen-ion concentration (low pH) is necessary for the digestion of food. However, in other parts of the body such as blood, a high hydrogen-ion concentration can be harmful and lead to acidosis. Conversely, a low hydrogen-ion concentration (high pH) in the blood can lead to alkalosis. Both acidosis and alkalosis can have serious consequences on various organ systems if not corrected.

Bacterial typing techniques are methods used to identify and differentiate bacterial strains or isolates based on their unique characteristics. These techniques are essential in epidemiological studies, infection control, and research to understand the transmission dynamics, virulence, and antibiotic resistance patterns of bacterial pathogens.

There are various bacterial typing techniques available, including:

1. **Bacteriophage Typing:** This method involves using bacteriophages (viruses that infect bacteria) to identify specific bacterial strains based on their susceptibility or resistance to particular phages.
2. **Serotyping:** It is a technique that differentiates bacterial strains based on the antigenic properties of their cell surface components, such as capsules, flagella, and somatic (O) and flagellar (H) antigens.
3. **Biochemical Testing:** This method uses biochemical reactions to identify specific metabolic pathways or enzymes present in bacterial strains, which can be used for differentiation. Commonly used tests include the catalase test, oxidase test, and various sugar fermentation tests.
4. **Molecular Typing Techniques:** These methods use genetic markers to identify and differentiate bacterial strains at the DNA level. Examples of molecular typing techniques include:
* **Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE):** This method uses restriction enzymes to digest bacterial DNA, followed by electrophoresis in an agarose gel under pulsed electrical fields. The resulting banding patterns are analyzed and compared to identify related strains.
* **Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST):** It involves sequencing specific housekeeping genes to generate unique sequence types that can be used for strain identification and phylogenetic analysis.
* **Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS):** This method sequences the entire genome of a bacterial strain, providing the most detailed information on genetic variation and relatedness between strains. WGS data can be analyzed using various bioinformatics tools to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), gene deletions or insertions, and other genetic changes that can be used for strain differentiation.

These molecular typing techniques provide higher resolution than traditional methods, allowing for more accurate identification and comparison of bacterial strains. They are particularly useful in epidemiological investigations to track the spread of pathogens and identify outbreaks.

Aerobiosis is the process of living, growing, and functioning in the presence of oxygen. It refers to the metabolic processes that require oxygen to break down nutrients and produce energy in cells. This is in contrast to anaerobiosis, which is the ability to live and grow in the absence of oxygen.

In medical terms, aerobiosis is often used to describe the growth of microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, that require oxygen to survive and multiply. These organisms are called aerobic organisms, and they play an important role in many biological processes, including decomposition and waste breakdown.

However, some microorganisms are unable to grow in the presence of oxygen and are instead restricted to environments where oxygen is absent or limited. These organisms are called anaerobic organisms, and their growth and metabolism are referred to as anaerobiosis.

DNA Sequence Analysis is the systematic determination of the order of nucleotides in a DNA molecule. It is a critical component of modern molecular biology, genetics, and genetic engineering. The process involves determining the exact order of the four nucleotide bases - adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T) - in a DNA molecule or fragment. This information is used in various applications such as identifying gene mutations, studying evolutionary relationships, developing molecular markers for breeding, and diagnosing genetic diseases.

The process of DNA Sequence Analysis typically involves several steps, including DNA extraction, PCR amplification (if necessary), purification, sequencing reaction, and electrophoresis. The resulting data is then analyzed using specialized software to determine the exact sequence of nucleotides.

In recent years, high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies have revolutionized the field of genomics, enabling the rapid and cost-effective sequencing of entire genomes. This has led to an explosion of genomic data and new insights into the genetic basis of many diseases and traits.

Environmental Microbiology is a branch of microbiology that deals with the study of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other microscopic entities, that are found in various environments such as water, soil, air, and organic matter. This field focuses on understanding how these microbes interact with their surroundings, their role in various ecological systems, and their impact on human health and the environment. It also involves studying the genetic and biochemical mechanisms that allow microorganisms to survive and thrive in different environmental conditions, as well as the potential uses of microbes for bioremediation, bioenergy, and other industrial applications.

Temperature, in a medical context, is a measure of the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment. It is usually measured using a thermometer and reported in degrees Celsius (°C), degrees Fahrenheit (°F), or kelvin (K). In the human body, normal core temperature ranges from about 36.5-37.5°C (97.7-99.5°F) when measured rectally, and can vary slightly depending on factors such as time of day, physical activity, and menstrual cycle. Elevated body temperature is a common sign of infection or inflammation, while abnormally low body temperature can indicate hypothermia or other medical conditions.

Enzyme stability refers to the ability of an enzyme to maintain its structure and function under various environmental conditions, such as temperature, pH, and the presence of denaturants or inhibitors. A stable enzyme retains its activity and conformation over time and across a range of conditions, making it more suitable for industrial and therapeutic applications.

Enzymes can be stabilized through various methods, including chemical modification, immobilization, and protein engineering. Understanding the factors that affect enzyme stability is crucial for optimizing their use in biotechnology, medicine, and research.

In a medical context, "hot temperature" is not a standard medical term with a specific definition. However, it is often used in relation to fever, which is a common symptom of illness. A fever is typically defined as a body temperature that is higher than normal, usually above 38°C (100.4°F) for adults and above 37.5-38°C (99.5-101.3°F) for children, depending on the source.

Therefore, when a medical professional talks about "hot temperature," they may be referring to a body temperature that is higher than normal due to fever or other causes. It's important to note that a high environmental temperature can also contribute to an elevated body temperature, so it's essential to consider both the body temperature and the environmental temperature when assessing a patient's condition.

Phase-contrast microscopy is a type of optical microscopy that allows visualization of transparent or translucent specimens, such as living cells and their organelles, by increasing the contrast between areas with different refractive indices within the sample. This technique works by converting phase shifts in light passing through the sample into changes in amplitude, which can then be observed as differences in brightness and contrast.

In a phase-contrast microscope, a special condenser and objective are used to create an optical path difference between the direct and diffracted light rays coming from the specimen. The condenser introduces a phase shift for the diffracted light, while the objective contains a phase ring that compensates for this shift in the direct light. This results in the direct light appearing brighter than the diffracted light, creating contrast between areas with different refractive indices within the sample.

Phase-contrast microscopy is particularly useful for observing unstained living cells and their dynamic processes, such as cell division, motility, and secretion, without the need for stains or dyes that might affect their viability or behavior.

Base composition in genetics refers to the relative proportion of the four nucleotide bases (adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine) in a DNA or RNA molecule. In DNA, adenine pairs with thymine, and guanine pairs with cytosine, so the base composition is often expressed in terms of the ratio of adenine + thymine (A-T) to guanine + cytosine (G-C). This ratio can vary between species and even between different regions of the same genome. The base composition can provide important clues about the function, evolution, and structure of genetic material.

Quinones are a class of organic compounds that contain a fully conjugated diketone structure. This structure consists of two carbonyl groups (C=O) separated by a double bond (C=C). Quinones can be found in various biological systems and synthetic compounds. They play important roles in many biochemical processes, such as electron transport chains and redox reactions. Some quinones are also known for their antimicrobial and anticancer properties. However, some quinones can be toxic or mutagenic at high concentrations.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "fruit" is not a medical term per se. It is a common term used to describe the part of a plant that develops from the ovary after flowering and contains seeds. However, in a nutritional or dietary context, "fruits" are often referred to as foods that are typically sweet and juicy, and come from plants' flowers. They are rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, making them an essential part of a healthy diet. But in a strict medical sense, there isn't a specific definition for "fruit."

DNA gyrase is a type II topoisomerase enzyme that plays a crucial role in the negative supercoiling and relaxation of DNA in bacteria. It functions by introducing transient double-stranded breaks into the DNA helix, allowing the strands to pass through one another and thereby reducing positive supercoils or introducing negative supercoils as required for proper DNA function, replication, and transcription.

DNA gyrase is composed of two subunits, GyrA and GyrB, which form a heterotetrameric structure (AB-BA) in the functional enzyme. The enzyme's activity is targeted by several antibiotics, such as fluoroquinolones and novobiocin, making it an essential target for antibacterial drug development.

In summary, DNA gyrase is a bacterial topoisomerase responsible for maintaining the correct supercoiling of DNA during replication and transcription, which can be inhibited by specific antibiotics to combat bacterial infections.

Food contamination is the presence of harmful microorganisms, chemicals, or foreign substances in food or water that can cause illness or injury to individuals who consume it. This can occur at any stage during production, processing, storage, or preparation of food, and can result from various sources such as:

1. Biological contamination: This includes the presence of harmful bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi that can cause foodborne illnesses. Examples include Salmonella, E. coli, Listeria, and norovirus.

2. Chemical contamination: This involves the introduction of hazardous chemicals into food, which may occur due to poor handling practices, improper storage, or exposure to environmental pollutants. Common sources of chemical contamination include pesticides, cleaning solvents, heavy metals, and natural toxins produced by certain plants or fungi.

3. Physical contamination: This refers to the presence of foreign objects in food, such as glass, plastic, hair, or insects, which can pose a choking hazard or introduce harmful substances into the body.

Preventing food contamination is crucial for ensuring food safety and protecting public health. Proper hygiene practices, temperature control, separation of raw and cooked foods, and regular inspections are essential measures to minimize the risk of food contamination.

Parte, A.C. "Alicyclobacillus". LPSN. Chang, Su-Sen; Kang, Dong-Hyun (29 September 2008). "Alicyclobacillus spp. in the Fruit ... 1996 as Alicyclobacillus disulfidooxidans comb. Nov., and emended description of the genus Alicyclobacillus". International ... nov., and reclassification of Alicyclobacillus pohliae as Effusibacillus pohliae comb. nov. and Alicyclobacillus consociatus as ... Alicyclobacillus is a genus of Gram-variable, rod-shaped, spore-forming bacteria. The bacteria are able to grow in acidic ...
... is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ... "Alicyclobacillus herbarius sp. nov., a novel bacterium containing omega-cycloheptane fatty acids, isolated from herbal tea". ...
... is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, thermophilic bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic ... "Description of Alicyclobacillus montanus sp. nov., a mixotrophic bacterium isolated from acidic hot springs". International ...
... can oxidize iron and sulfur, as can Alicyclobacillus disulfidooxidans, A. ferrooxydans, and A. tolerans ... Alicyclobacillus fodiniaquatilis was isolated from a different copper mine. Guo, X; You, X.-Y; Liu, L.-J; Zhang, J.-Y; Liu, S.- ... Type strain of Alicyclobacillus aeris at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase v t e (Articles with short description ... Alicyclobacillus aeris is a species of Gram positive/Gram variable, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic ...
Other Alicyclobacillus species that are able to oxidize iron include A. disulfidooxidans, A. pohliae, and A. tolerans. The ... Jiang, C.-Y; Liu, Y; Liu, Y.-Y; You, X.-Y; Guo, X; Liu, S.-J (2008). "Alicyclobacillus ferrooxydans sp. nov., a ferrous- ... Alicyclobacillus ferrooxydans is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ...
nov., Alicyclobacillus macrosporangiidus sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus sacchari sp. nov. And Alicyclobacillus shizuokensis sp. nov ... Alicyclobacillus contaminans sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus fastidiosus sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus kakegawensis sp. ... Alicyclobacillus contaminans is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ... which also discovered 5 other species of Alicyclobacillus: A. fastidiosus, A. kakegawensis, A. macrosporangiidus, A. sacchari, ...
1996 as Alicyclobacillus disulfidooxidans comb. Nov., and emended description of the genus Alicyclobacillus". International ... It was reclassified as Alicyclobacillus in 2005. The name is derived from the Latin duplus (double), sulfur (sulfur), and oxido ... Alicyclobacillus disulfidooxidans (formerly Sulfobacillus disulfidooxidansis) a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, ... thermotolerans, which was classified as Alicyclobacillus tolerans. The optimum growth temperature for A. disulfidooxidans is 35 ...
... was among the first three species reclassified from the genus Bacillus to the newly created ... Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic, ... but further 16S rRNA studies found that the species belonged in the newly created genus Alicyclobacillus. The species name is ... Alicyclobacillus gen. Nov". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 42 (2): 263-269. doi:10.1099/00207713-42-2-263. ...
nov., Alicyclobacillus macrosporangiidus sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus sacchari sp. nov. And Alicyclobacillus shizuokensis sp. nov ... Alicyclobacillus contaminans sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus fastidiosus sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus kakegawensis sp. ... Alicyclobacillus sacchari is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and produce ... which also discovered 5 other species of Alicyclobacillus: A. contaminans, A. fastidiosus, A. kakegawensis, A. ...
... is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ... Tsuruoka, N. (1 July 2003). "Alicyclobacillus sendaiensis sp. nov., a novel acidophilic, slightly thermophilic species isolated ...
"Alicyclobacillus." (2007). "Alicyclobacillus acidiphilus" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Alicyclobacillus ... Alicyclobacillus acidiphilus is a thermo-acidophilic, omega-alicyclic fatty acid-containing bacterium. It's aerobic, gram- ... Matsubara, H. (2002). "Alicyclobacillus acidiphilus sp. nov., a novel thermo-acidophilic, omega-alicyclic fatty acid-containing ... Goto, Keiichi; Tanaka, Takashi; Yamamoto, Rie; Suzuki, Teiichi; Tokuda, Hajime (2007). "Characteristics of Alicyclobacillus". ...
nov., Alicyclobacillus macrosporangiidus sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus sacchari sp. nov. And Alicyclobacillus shizuokensis sp. nov ... Alicyclobacillus contaminans sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus fastidiosus sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus kakegawensis sp. ... Alicyclobacillus kakegawensis is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ... Alicyclobacillus kakegawensis was found during a Japanese survey of various beverages and environments, which also discovered 5 ...
nov., Alicyclobacillus macrosporangiidus sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus sacchari sp. nov. And Alicyclobacillus shizuokensis sp. nov ... Alicyclobacillus contaminans sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus fastidiosus sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus kakegawensis sp. ... Alicyclobacillus fastidiosus is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ... the bacteria would start to die off after 7 days when plated on typical agar for isolating Alicyclobacillus. Additionally, the ...
... is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ... "Alicyclobacillus hesperidum sp. nov. and a related genomic species from solfataric soils of Sao Miguel in the Azores". ...
... was among the first three species reclassified from the genus Bacillus to the newly created ... Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ... but further 16S rRNA studies found that the species belonged in the newly created genus Alicyclobacillus. The species name is ... Alicyclobacillus gen. Nov". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 42 (2): 263-269. doi:10.1099/00207713-42-2-263. ...
1996 as Alicyclobacillus disulfidooxidans comb. Nov., and emended description of the genus Alicyclobacillus". International ... Alicyclobacillus tolerans is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and produced ... It was reclassified as Alicyclobacillus in 2005. The species name refers to the ability to tolerate changes in temperature and ... A. tolerans was reclassified to Alicyclobacillus along with Sulfobacillus disulfidooxidans, which was classified as ...
... is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ... Kim, Min Goo; Lee, Jae-Chan; Park, Dong-Jin; Li, Wen-Jun; Kim, Chang-Jin (18 July 2014). "Alicyclobacillus tengchongensis sp. ...
... is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ... but further 16S rRNA studies found that the species belonged in the newly created genus Alicyclobacillus. The species name ... Alicyclobacillus gen. Nov". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 42 (2): 263-269. doi:10.1099/00207713-42-2-263. ... cycloheptanicus was among the first three species reclassified from the genus Bacillus to the newly created Alicyclobacillus in ...
... is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ... "Alicyclobacillus fodiniaquatilis sp. nov., isolated from acid mine water". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary ...
... is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, thermophilic bacterium. The bacteria are ... Simbahan, J. (1 September 2004). "Alicyclobacillus vulcanalis sp. nov., a thermophilic, acidophilic bacterium isolated from ... Boyce, Angela (2015). "Characterisation of a novel thermostable endoglucanase from Alicyclobacillus vulcanalis of potential ... "Purification and Characterization of a Novel β-Galactosidase From the Thermoacidophile Alicyclobacillus vulcanalis". Applied ...
nov., Alicyclobacillus macrosporangiidus sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus sacchari sp. nov. And Alicyclobacillus shizuokensis sp. nov ... Alicyclobacillus contaminans sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus fastidiosus sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus kakegawensis sp. ... Alicyclobacillus shizuokensis is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ... which also discovered 5 other species of Alicyclobacillus: A. contaminans, A. fastidiosus, A. kakegawensis, A. ...
nov., Alicyclobacillus macrosporangiidus sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus sacchari sp. nov. And Alicyclobacillus shizuokensis sp. nov ... Alicyclobacillus contaminans sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus fastidiosus sp. nov., Alicyclobacillus kakegawensis sp. ... Alicyclobacillus macrosporangiidus is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and ... which also discovered 5 other species of Alicyclobacillus: A. contaminans, A. fastidiosus, A. kakegawensis, A. sacchari, and A ...
Type strain of Alicyclobacillus dauci at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase v t e (Articles with short description ... Alicyclobacillus dauci is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and produced ... Nakano, C; Takahashi, N; Tanaka, N; Okada, S (2014). "Alicyclobacillus dauci sp. nov., a slightly thermophilic, acidophilic ...
... is a species of Gram positive, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria are acidophilic and produced ... Goto, K. (1 September 2003). "Alicyclobacillus pomorum sp. nov., a novel thermo-acidophilic, endospore-forming bacterium that ... does not possess -alicyclic fatty acids, and emended description of the genus Alicyclobacillus". International Journal of ...
... is a species of acidophilic, thermophilic, strictly aerobic, bacterium. The bacteria Gram ... Kusube, M; Sugihara, A; Moriwaki, Y; Ueoka, T; Shimane, Y; Minegishi, H (2014). "Alicyclobacillus cellulosilyticus sp. nov., a ...
Imperio, T.; Viti, C.; Marri, L. (1 January 2008). "Alicyclobacillus pohliae sp. nov., a thermophilic, endospore-forming ... Several bacterial species were first described from Mount Melbourne's geothermal terrains: Alicyclobacillus pohliae from the ...
Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius subsp. rittmannii is used in studied of thermophilic enzymes. Another thermophilic bacteria ... The bacterial species Anoxybacillus amylolyticus and the subspecies Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius subsp. rittmannii were ...
nov., and reclassification of Alicyclobacillus pohliae as Effusibacillus pohliae comb. nov. and Alicyclobacillus consociatus as ... The species was originally grouped with genus Alicyclobacillus, as it was closely related to A. pohliae. However, further ... Glaeser, S. P.; Falsen, E.; Martin, K.; Kampfer, P. (19 April 2013). "Alicyclobacillus consociatus sp. nov., isolated from a ...
nov., and reclassification of Alicyclobacillus pohliae as Effusibacillus pohliae comb. nov. and Alicyclobacillus consociatus as ... It was also found that two other previously described organisms in the genus Alicyclobacillus, A. consociatus and A. pohliae ... doi:10.1099/ijs.0.055814-0. Imperio, T.; Viti, C.; Marri, L. (1 January 2008). "Alicyclobacillus pohliae sp. nov., a ... doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65092-0. Glaeser, S. P.; Falsen, E.; Martin, K.; Kampfer, P. (19 April 2013). "Alicyclobacillus consociatus ...
nov., and reclassification of Alicyclobacillus pohliae as Effusibacillus pohliae comb. nov. and Alicyclobacillus consociatus as ... The species was originally grouped with genus Alicyclobacillus. However, further research found that A. pohliae and ... Imperio, T.; Viti, C.; Marri, L. (1 January 2008). "Alicyclobacillus pohliae sp. nov., a thermophilic, endospore-forming ... Alicyclobacillus consociatus belonged in a newly described genus Effusibacillus, and were renamed accordingly. The optimum ...
Parte, A.C. "Alicyclobacillus". LPSN. Chang, Su-Sen; Kang, Dong-Hyun (29 September 2008). "Alicyclobacillus spp. in the Fruit ... 1996 as Alicyclobacillus disulfidooxidans comb. Nov., and emended description of the genus Alicyclobacillus". International ... nov., and reclassification of Alicyclobacillus pohliae as Effusibacillus pohliae comb. nov. and Alicyclobacillus consociatus as ... Alicyclobacillus is a genus of Gram-variable, rod-shaped, spore-forming bacteria. The bacteria are able to grow in acidic ...
Inactivation of alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris using high pressure homogenization and dimethyl dicarbonate. Wei Chen, ... Chen, W., Harte, F. M., Davidson, P. M., & Golden, D. A. (2013). Inactivation of alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris using high ... Inactivation of alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris using high pressure homogenization and dimethyl dicarbonate. In: Journal of ... Inactivation of alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris using high pressure homogenization and dimethyl dicarbonate. Journal of food ...
Alicyclobacillus consociatus sp. nov., isolated from a human clinical specimen Stefanie P. Glaeser, Enevold Falsen, Karin ... The G+C content of the DNA was 47 mol%. Strain CCUG 53762T therefore represents a novel species of the genus Alicyclobacillus ... Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity comparisons, strain CCUG 53762T was grouped into the genus Alicyclobacillus , most ... for which we propose the name Alicyclobacillus consociatus sp. nov., with CCUG 53762T ( = CCM 8439T) as the type strain. ...
Alicyclobacillus spp. / Thermophilic acidophilic bacteria (TAB) & Guaiacol Producing TAB in Fruit Juice Proficiency Test FMOE20 ...
PubMed:Use of a multivariate approach to assess the incidence of Alicyclobacillus spp. in concentrate fruit juices marketed in ...
Identification of medicinal off-flavours generated by Alicyclobacillus species in orange juice using GC-olfactometry and GC-MS ...
Alicyclobacillus RSV_genus459 Bacteria;Firmicutes;Bacilli;Bacillales;Alicyclobacillaceae;NA RSV_genus460 Bacteria;Firmicutes; ...
Qualitative detection and differentiation of Alicyclobacillus spp., Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius and Alicyclobacillus ... Qualitative detection and identification of Alicyclobacillus spp., Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius and Alicyclobacillus ... GEN-IAL® QuickGEN PCR Kit Alicyclobacillus Differentiation high ...
Characterization and Genome Study of a Newly Isolated Temperate Phage Belonging to a New Genus Targeting Alicyclobacillus ... Fruit Juice Spoilage by Alicyclobacillus: Detection and Control Methods-A Comprehensive Review. Patra Sourri, Chrysoula C. ...
Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris 10 min 30 ppm 99.998% kill. Bacillus cereus spores 5 min 200 ppm 99.999% kill. ...
Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris 100 pmoL; 1,000 pmoL AapCas12b (C2c1) Nuclease Alicyclobacillus acidiphilus 100 pmoL; 1,000 ... AacCas12b is derived from Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris, and its optimal reaction temperature is 48°C. AapCas12b is derived ... from Alicyclobacillus acidophilus, and its optimal reaction temperature is 60°C. Compared to AacCas12b, AapCas12b is more ...
InnScience is a company that provides a B2B platform that connects academia and industry, and removes logistical barriers to access specialized scientific and industrial products. It promotes collaboration, particularly in sectors like agriculture, mining, and food, facilitating the scaling of research and technologies. Moreover, it acts as a specialized sourcing site for scientific and industrial requirements, offering comprehensive solutions to businesses and researchers ...
Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius subsp. acidocaldarius DSM 446 Bacteria decreased coverage 0.0000152961 n/a -. ...
Genome: Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius subsp. acidocaldarius Tc-4-1 (NC_017167.1); Phylum: Firmicutes ... "Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius subsp. acidocaldarius Tc-4-1 ";i:3;s:10:"Firmicutes";i:4;s:4:"1239";i:5;s:13:"141355-141441";i: ... "Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius subsp. acidocaldarius Tc-4-1 ";i:3;s:10:"Firmicutes";i:4;s:4:"1239";i:5;s:13:"296454-296516";i: ... "Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius subsp. acidocaldarius Tc-4-1 ";i:3;s:10:"Firmicutes";i:4;s:4:"1239";i:5;s:13:"450167-450249";i: ...
Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius subsp. acidocaldarius DSM 446,. arsenate reductase (thioredoxin). 3e-09. 60.8. ...
Acetic acid bacteria are a large group of obligate aerobic gram negative bacteria with the ability to oxidize ethanol to acetic acid. They are widely distributed in natural habitats and classified into the family Acetobacteraceae.. ...
However, a recent report described a GH51 arabinofuranosidase from Alicyclobacillus sp. A4 that displays both α-l- ... However, a recent report described a GH51 arabinofuranosidase from Alicyclobacillus sp. A4 that displays both α-l- ... However, a recent report described a GH51 arabinofuranosidase from Alicyclobacillus sp. A4 that displays both α-l- ... However, a recent report described a GH51 arabinofuranosidase from Alicyclobacillus sp. A4 that displays both α-l- ...
Alicyclobacillus mengziensis (UP000663505) Alicyclobacillus montanus (UP000184016) Alicyclobacillus sp. SO9 (UP000595468) ... Alicyclobacillus Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius subsp. acidocaldarius (strain ATCC 270... (UP000001917) Alicyclobacillus ... Alicyclobacillus ferrooxydans (UP000050482) Alicyclobacillus hesperidum (UP000182589) Alicyclobacillus macrosporangiidus ( ... acidoterrestris (strain ATCC 49025 / DSM 3922 / CIP 1... (UP000829401) Alicyclobacillus cellulosilyticus (UP000637695) ...
2015). Effects of Preservatives on Alicyclobacillus Acidoterrestris Growth and Guaiacol Production. Int. J. Meals Microbiol. ...
Alicyclobacillus/classificação , Alicyclobacillus/isolamento & purificação , Bebidas/microbiologia , Filtração/instrumentação ... Dilutions of four different species of Alicyclobacillus were filtered onto HGM, incubated on orange serum agar (50 degrees C, ... The objective was to develop a simple, rapid, and sensitive approach for differentiation of Alicyclobacillus spp. by attenuated ... Rapid detection and differentiation of Alicyclobacillus species in fruit juice using hydrophobic grid membranes and attenuated ...
Production of isofloridoside from galactose and glycerol using α-galactosidase fromAlicyclobacillus hesperidum. Enzyme Microb ...
Isolation and characterization of a new family 42 β-galactosidase from the thermoacidophilic bacterium Alicyclobacillus ...
Microbial analysis identified Alicyclobacillus, Hydrotalea, and Pseudolabrys taxa with the highest relative abundance in TC15, ...
... of predictive models for the effect of storage temperature and pH on the growth boundaries and kinetics of Alicyclobacillus ...
Alicyclobacillus), a gram-positive rod-shaped prokaryote found in acid hot springs up to 65°C (De Rosa M et al., Chem Commm ... Alicyclobacillus in the formation water and oil samples (Rodrigues DC et al., Org Geochem 2005, 36, 1443). ...
Vinlab Micro, therefore, offers Lactic Acid Bacteria Cultures specific for Lactobacillus and Leuconostoc, Alicyclobacillus ...
Alicyclobacillus B3.353.500.50 Alien Hand Syndrome C23.888.592.604.80.500 F1.700.80.249 Allium J2.500.850.100 Allolevivirus ...
Alicyclobacillus B3.353.500.50 Alien Hand Syndrome C23.888.592.604.80.500 F1.700.80.249 Allium J2.500.850.100 Allolevivirus ...
  • A. acidoterrestris is considered the most important spoilage species within the genus Alicyclobacillus, but A. acidocaldarius, A. pomorum, and A. herbarius have also been isolated from spoiled product. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the emergence of Alicyclobacillus as a spoilage organism has led some researchers to advocate using A. acidoterrestris as the reference organism to design pasteurization processes for high acid foods, just as the thermal death time of Clostridium botulinum was used to design the sterilization process for low acid canned foods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vegetative cells and spores of five strains of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris (N-1100, N-1108, N-1096, SAC, and OS-CAJ) were screened for their sensitivity to high pressure homogenization (HPH, 0 to 300 MPa) in Bacillus acidoterrestris thermophilic broth. (psu.edu)
  • 2015). Effects of Preservatives on Alicyclobacillus Acidoterrestris Growth and Guaiacol Production. (estrogen-receptor.com)
  • Development and validation of predictive models for the effect of storage temperature and pH on the growth boundaries and kinetics of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris ATCC in fruit drinks. (auracleanmax.co.uk)
  • The first Alicyclobacillus species was isolated in 1967 from hot springs, and was named Bacillus acidocaldarius. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius subsp. (iiserkol.ac.in)
  • i:1;a:19:{i:0;i:1;i:1;s:11:"NC_017167.1";i:2;s:61:"Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius subsp. (iiserkol.ac.in)
  • Alicyclobacillus species can have a D95-value of over 8 minutes (requiring treatment of over 8 minutes at 95 °C to kill 90% of spores). (wikipedia.org)
  • A. consociatus and A. pohliae were originally classified in genus Alicyclobacillus, but were later reclassified into the novel genus Effusibacillus in 2014. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alicyclobacillus is a genus of Gram-variable, rod-shaped, spore-forming bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most Alicyclobacillus species optimally grow in the 40-55 °C range. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soil is a common habitat for species of Alicyclobacillus, and is likely the source for contamination of food products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vinlab Micro, therefore, offers Lactic Acid Bacteria Cultures specific for Lactobacillus and Leuconostoc, Alicyclobacillus Bacteria Cultures for Thermo-Acidophilic Bacteria, and Bacteria Cultures for broad spectrum quantification of bacterial species. (vinlab.com)
  • One survey of 8556 samples of fruit and vegetable juices found Alicyclobacillus in 13% of samples, while another study found Alicyclobacillus in 6% out of 180 samples, and another found the bacteria in 14% out of 75 samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, a group of heat-resistant, thermo-acidophilic bacteria known as Alicyclobacillus, capable of forming spores, can potentially lead to spoilage of commercially processed fruit juices. (unipd.it)
  • Alicyclobacillus is a gram-positive, strictly aerobic, acidophilic and thermophilic spoilage bacteria, especially important for the fruit juice industry, where it has been shown to produce high amounts of guaiacol imparting off-flavors to fruit juices. (r-biopharm.com)
  • Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris is considered the most important spoilage species within the Alicyclobacillus genera, but other e.g. (r-biopharm.com)
  • The customer had a concern involving the spoilage microorganism, Alicyclobacillus, which grows in the soil and attaches itself to the fruit prior to arrival for processing. (evoqua.com)
  • Prevent spoilage - While harmful organisms like Alicyclobacillus can survive pasteurization and acidic conditions, PURAC® FIT Plus prevents vegetative cells and spores from taking hold in your juice-based drink product. (corbion.com)
  • Different microbiological techniques have been developed to identify Alicyclobacillus strains, and among them, the most efficient approach is the IFU Method No 12, which was developed by the Working Group on Microbiology of the International Fruit and Juice Association (IFU). (unipd.it)
  • 10. Rapid discrimination of Alicyclobacillus strains in apple juice by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. (nih.gov)
  • Validation of the Method on the Detection of Alicyclobacillus spp. (unipd.it)
  • Therefore, the purpose of this article is to validate IFU's Alicyclobacillus detection method for the accredited microbiology laboratory at Merieux Nutrisciences in Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal under the ISO 16140-2 standards. (unipd.it)
  • one specific system for the detection of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris (FAM/DQ). (r-biopharm.com)
  • To avoid false negative PCR-results due to inhibitory components in the samples, an internal control (ROX/DQ) is amplified together in the same reaction vessel with the Alicyclobacillus specific sequence. (r-biopharm.com)
  • A Novel Glycoside Hydrolase Family 113 Endo-β-1,4-Mannanase from Alicyclobacillus sp. (nih.gov)