###### Algorithms

###### Software

###### Pattern Recognition, Automated

###### Computer Simulation

###### Computational Biology

A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.

###### Reproducibility of Results

The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.

###### Artificial Intelligence

###### Models, Statistical

###### Sensitivity and Specificity

###### Cluster Analysis

A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.

###### Image Processing, Computer-Assisted

###### Sequence Analysis, Protein

###### Sequence Alignment

The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.

###### Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted

###### Phantoms, Imaging

Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)

###### Models, Genetic

###### Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted

###### Imaging, Three-Dimensional

The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.

###### Sequence Analysis, DNA

###### Image Enhancement

###### Markov Chains

###### Proteins

Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.

###### Databases, Protein

###### Bayes Theorem

A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.

###### Gene Expression Profiling

###### Monte Carlo Method

In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)

###### Computer Graphics

###### Automation

###### Databases, Factual

Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.

###### Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis

###### Neural Networks (Computer)

A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.

###### Numerical Analysis, Computer-Assisted

###### Models, Theoretical

###### User-Computer Interface

###### Data Compression

Information application based on a variety of coding methods to minimize the amount of data to be stored, retrieved, or transmitted. Data compression can be applied to various forms of data, such as images and signals. It is used to reduce costs and increase efficiency in the maintenance of large volumes of data.

###### Fuzzy Logic

Approximate, quantitative reasoning that is concerned with the linguistic ambiguity which exists in natural or synthetic language. At its core are variables such as good, bad, and young as well as modifiers such as more, less, and very. These ordinary terms represent fuzzy sets in a particular problem. Fuzzy logic plays a key role in many medical expert systems.

###### Artifacts

Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.

###### Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted

###### Data Interpretation, Statistical

###### Models, Biological

###### Normal Distribution

###### Information Storage and Retrieval

###### Likelihood Functions

###### Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted

###### Internet

###### Decision Trees

###### Radiographic Image Enhancement

###### Subtraction Technique

Combination or superimposition of two images for demonstrating differences between them (e.g., radiograph with contrast vs. one without, radionuclide images using different radionuclides, radiograph vs. radionuclide image) and in the preparation of audiovisual materials (e.g., offsetting identical images, coloring of vessels in angiograms).

###### Wavelet Analysis

Signal and data processing method that uses decomposition of wavelets to approximate, estimate, or compress signals with finite time and frequency domains. It represents a signal or data in terms of a fast decaying wavelet series from the original prototype wavelet, called the mother wavelet. This mathematical algorithm has been adopted widely in biomedical disciplines for data and signal processing in noise removal and audio/image compression (e.g., EEG and MRI).

###### Signal-To-Noise Ratio

###### Data Mining

###### Models, Molecular

###### Wireless Technology

###### Support Vector Machines

###### Sequence Analysis, RNA

###### Molecular Sequence Data

Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.

###### Stochastic Processes

###### Genome

###### Gene Regulatory Networks

Interacting DNA-encoded regulatory subsystems in the GENOME that coordinate input from activator and repressor TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS during development, cell differentiation, or in response to environmental cues. The networks function to ultimately specify expression of particular sets of GENES for specific conditions, times, or locations.

###### ROC Curve

###### Models, Chemical

###### Predictive Value of Tests

In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.

###### Chromosome Mapping

###### Magnetic Resonance Imaging

###### Base Sequence

###### Discriminant Analysis

###### Cone-Beam Computed Tomography

###### Tomography, X-Ray Computed

###### Least-Squares Analysis

###### Nonlinear Dynamics

The study of systems which respond disproportionately (nonlinearly) to initial conditions or perturbing stimuli. Nonlinear systems may exhibit "chaos" which is classically characterized as sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Chaotic systems, while distinguished from more ordered periodic systems, are not random. When their behavior over time is appropriately displayed (in "phase space"), constraints are evident which are described by "strange attractors". Phase space representations of chaotic systems, or strange attractors, usually reveal fractal (FRACTALS) self-similarity across time scales. Natural, including biological, systems often display nonlinear dynamics and chaos.

###### Programming, Linear

A technique of operations research for solving certain kinds of problems involving many variables where a best value or set of best values is to be found. It is most likely to be feasible when the quantity to be optimized, sometimes called the objective function, can be stated as a mathematical expression in terms of the various activities within the system, and when this expression is simply proportional to the measure of the activities, i.e., is linear, and when all the restrictions are also linear. It is different from computer programming, although problems using linear programming techniques may be programmed on a computer.

###### Equipment Failure Analysis

###### Genome, Human

###### Databases, Nucleic Acid

###### Principal Component Analysis

###### Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

###### Amino Acid Sequence

###### Computer Communication Networks

###### Natural Language Processing

###### Tomography

## An effective approach for analyzing "prefinished" genomic sequence data. (1/42270)

Ongoing efforts to sequence the human genome are already generating large amounts of data, with substantial increases anticipated over the next few years. In most cases, a shotgun sequencing strategy is being used, which rapidly yields most of the primary sequence in incompletely assembled sequence contigs ("prefinished" sequence) and more slowly produces the final, completely assembled sequence ("finished" sequence). Thus, in general, prefinished sequence is produced in excess of finished sequence, and this trend is certain to continue and even accelerate over the next few years. Even at a prefinished stage, genomic sequence represents a rich source of important biological information that is of great interest to many investigators. However, analyzing such data is a challenging and daunting task, both because of its sheer volume and because it can change on a day-by-day basis. To facilitate the discovery and characterization of genes and other important elements within prefinished sequence, we have developed an analytical strategy and system that uses readily available software tools in new combinations. Implementation of this strategy for the analysis of prefinished sequence data from human chromosome 7 has demonstrated that this is a convenient, inexpensive, and extensible solution to the problem of analyzing the large amounts of preliminary data being produced by large-scale sequencing efforts. Our approach is accessible to any investigator who wishes to assimilate additional information about particular sequence data en route to developing richer annotations of a finished sequence. (+info)## A computational screen for methylation guide snoRNAs in yeast. (2/42270)

Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are required for ribose 2'-O-methylation of eukaryotic ribosomal RNA. Many of the genes for this snoRNA family have remained unidentified in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, despite the availability of a complete genome sequence. Probabilistic modeling methods akin to those used in speech recognition and computational linguistics were used to computationally screen the yeast genome and identify 22 methylation guide snoRNAs, snR50 to snR71. Gene disruptions and other experimental characterization confirmed their methylation guide function. In total, 51 of the 55 ribose methylated sites in yeast ribosomal RNA were assigned to 41 different guide snoRNAs. (+info)## Referenceless interleaved echo-planar imaging. (3/42270)

Interleaved echo-planar imaging (EPI) is an ultrafast imaging technique important for applications that require high time resolution or short total acquisition times. Unfortunately, EPI is prone to significant ghosting artifacts, resulting primarily from system time delays that cause data matrix misregistration. In this work, it is shown mathematically and experimentally that system time delays are orientation dependent, resulting from anisotropic physical gradient delays. This analysis characterizes the behavior of time delays in oblique coordinates, and a new ghosting artifact caused by anisotropic delays is described. "Compensation blips" are proposed for time delay correction. These blips are shown to remove the effects of anisotropic gradient delays, eliminating the need for repeated reference scans and postprocessing corrections. Examples of phantom and in vivo images are shown. (+info)## An evaluation of elongation factor 1 alpha as a phylogenetic marker for eukaryotes. (4/42270)

Elongation factor 1 alpha (EF-1 alpha) is a highly conserved ubiquitous protein involved in translation that has been suggested to have desirable properties for phylogenetic inference. To examine the utility of EF-1 alpha as a phylogenetic marker for eukaryotes, we studied three properties of EF-1 alpha trees: congruency with other phyogenetic markers, the impact of species sampling, and the degree of substitutional saturation occurring between taxa. Our analyses indicate that the EF-1 alpha tree is congruent with some other molecular phylogenies in identifying both the deepest branches and some recent relationships in the eukaryotic line of descent. However, the topology of the intermediate portion of the EF-1 alpha tree, occupied by most of the protist lineages, differs for different phylogenetic methods, and bootstrap values for branches are low. Most problematic in this region is the failure of all phylogenetic methods to resolve the monophyly of two higher-order protistan taxa, the Ciliophora and the Alveolata. JACKMONO analyses indicated that the impact of species sampling on bootstrap support for most internal nodes of the eukaryotic EF-1 alpha tree is extreme. Furthermore, a comparison of observed versus inferred numbers of substitutions indicates that multiple overlapping substitutions have occurred, especially on the branch separating the Eukaryota from the Archaebacteria, suggesting that the rooting of the eukaryotic tree on the diplomonad lineage should be treated with caution. Overall, these results suggest that the phylogenies obtained from EF-1 alpha are congruent with other molecular phylogenies in recovering the monophyly of groups such as the Metazoa, Fungi, Magnoliophyta, and Euglenozoa. However, the interrelationships between these and other protist lineages are not well resolved. This lack of resolution may result from the combined effects of poor taxonomic sampling, relatively few informative positions, large numbers of overlapping substitutions that obscure phylogenetic signal, and lineage-specific rate increases in the EF-1 alpha data set. It is also consistent with the nearly simultaneous diversification of major eukaryotic lineages implied by the "big-bang" hypothesis of eukaryote evolution. (+info)## Hierarchical cluster analysis applied to workers' exposures in fiberglass insulation manufacturing. (5/42270)

The objectives of this study were to explore the application of cluster analysis to the characterization of multiple exposures in industrial hygiene practice and to compare exposure groupings based on the result from cluster analysis with that based on non-measurement-based approaches commonly used in epidemiology. Cluster analysis was performed for 37 workers simultaneously exposed to three agents (endotoxin, phenolic compounds and formaldehyde) in fiberglass insulation manufacturing. Different clustering algorithms, including complete-linkage (or farthest-neighbor), single-linkage (or nearest-neighbor), group-average and model-based clustering approaches, were used to construct the tree structures from which clusters can be formed. Differences were observed between the exposure clusters constructed by these different clustering algorithms. When contrasting the exposure classification based on tree structures with that based on non-measurement-based information, the results indicate that the exposure clusters identified from the tree structures had little in common with the classification results from either the traditional exposure zone or the work group classification approach. In terms of the defining homogeneous exposure groups or from the standpoint of health risk, some toxicological normalization in the components of the exposure vector appears to be required in order to form meaningful exposure groupings from cluster analysis. Finally, it remains important to see if the lack of correspondence between exposure groups based on epidemiological classification and measurement data is a peculiarity of the data or a more general problem in multivariate exposure analysis. (+info)## A new filtering algorithm for medical magnetic resonance and computer tomography images. (6/42270)

Inner views of tubular structures based on computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) data sets may be created by virtual endoscopy. After a preliminary segmentation procedure for selecting the organ to be represented, the virtual endoscopy is a new postprocessing technique using surface or volume rendering of the data sets. In the case of surface rendering, the segmentation is based on a grey level thresholding technique. To avoid artifacts owing to the noise created in the imaging process, and to restore spurious resolution degradations, a robust Wiener filter was applied. This filter working in Fourier space approximates the noise spectrum by a simple function that is proportional to the square root of the signal amplitude. Thus, only points with tiny amplitudes consisting mostly of noise are suppressed. Further artifacts are avoided by the correct selection of the threshold range. Afterwards, the lumen and the inner walls of the tubular structures are well represented and allow one to distinguish between harmless fluctuations and medically significant structures. (+info)## Efficacy of ampicillin plus ceftriaxone in treatment of experimental endocarditis due to Enterococcus faecalis strains highly resistant to aminoglycosides. (7/42270)

The purpose of this work was to evaluate the in vitro possibilities of ampicillin-ceftriaxone combinations for 10 Enterococcus faecalis strains with high-level resistance to aminoglycosides (HLRAg) and to assess the efficacy of ampicillin plus ceftriaxone, both administered with humanlike pharmacokinetics, for the treatment of experimental endocarditis due to HLRAg E. faecalis. A reduction of 1 to 4 dilutions in MICs of ampicillin was obtained when ampicillin was combined with a fixed subinhibitory ceftriaxone concentration of 4 micrograms/ml. This potentiating effect was also observed by the double disk method with all 10 strains. Time-kill studies performed with 1 and 2 micrograms of ampicillin alone per ml or in combination with 5, 10, 20, 40, and 60 micrograms of ceftriaxone per ml showed a > or = 2 log10 reduction in CFU per milliliter with respect to ampicillin alone and to the initial inoculum for all 10 E. faecalis strains studied. This effect was obtained for seven strains with the combination of 2 micrograms of ampicillin per ml plus 10 micrograms of ceftriaxone per ml and for six strains with 5 micrograms of ceftriaxone per ml. Animals with catheter-induced endocarditis were infected intravenously with 10(8) CFU of E. faecalis V48 or 10(5) CFU of E. faecalis V45 and were treated for 3 days with humanlike pharmacokinetics of 2 g of ampicillin every 4 h, alone or combined with 2 g of ceftriaxone every 12 h. The levels in serum and the pharmacokinetic parameters of the humanlike pharmacokinetics of ampicillin or ceftriaxone in rabbits were similar to those found in humans treated with 2 g of ampicillin or ceftriaxone intravenously. Results of the therapy for experimental endocarditis caused by E. faecalis V48 or V45 showed that the residual bacterial titers in aortic valve vegetations were significantly lower in the animals treated with the combinations of ampicillin plus ceftriaxone than in those treated with ampicillin alone (P < 0.001). The combination of ampicillin and ceftriaxone showed in vitro and in vivo synergism against HLRAg E. faecalis. (+info)## The muscle chloride channel ClC-1 has a double-barreled appearance that is differentially affected in dominant and recessive myotonia. (8/42270)

Single-channel recordings of the currents mediated by the muscle Cl- channel, ClC-1, expressed in Xenopus oocytes, provide the first direct evidence that this channel has two equidistant open conductance levels like the Torpedo ClC-0 prototype. As for the case of ClC-0, the probabilities and dwell times of the closed and conducting states are consistent with the presence of two independently gated pathways with approximately 1.2 pS conductance enabled in parallel via a common gate. However, the voltage dependence of the common gate is different and the kinetics are much faster than for ClC-0. Estimates of single-channel parameters from the analysis of macroscopic current fluctuations agree with those from single-channel recordings. Fluctuation analysis was used to characterize changes in the apparent double-gate behavior of the ClC-1 mutations I290M and I556N causing, respectively, a dominant and a recessive form of myotonia. We find that both mutations reduce about equally the open probability of single protopores and that mutation I290M yields a stronger reduction of the common gate open probability than mutation I556N. Our results suggest that the mammalian ClC-homologues have the same structure and mechanism proposed for the Torpedo channel ClC-0. Differential effects on the two gates that appear to modulate the activation of ClC-1 channels may be important determinants for the different patterns of inheritance of dominant and recessive ClC-1 mutations. (+info)###### A proposal of «neuron mask» in neural network algorithm for combinatorial optimization problems<...

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###### Standard **algorithms**

Students' alternative

**algorithms**are often just as correct, efficient, and generalizable as the standard**algorithms**, and ... In elementary arithmetic, a standard**algorithm**or method is a specific method of computation which is conventionally taught for ... something that is usually lost in the memorization of standard**algorithms**). The development of sophisticated calculators has ...###### Navigational **Algorithms**

For n ≥ 2 observations DeWit/USNO Nautical Almanac/Compac Data, Least squares

**algorithm**for n LOPs Kaplan**algorithm**, USNO. For ... The navigational**algorithms**are the quintessence of the executable software on portable calculators or PDA as an aid to the art ...**Algorithm**implementation: For n = 2 observations An analytical solution of the two star sight problem of celestial navigation, ... Calculators (and the like) do not need books (they have tables and ephemeris integrated) and, with their own**algorithms**, allow ...**Algorithms** (journal)

Journals with similar scope include: ACM Transactions on

**Algorithms**Algorithmica Journal of**Algorithms**(Elsevier) Iwama, Kazuo ...**Algorithms**is a monthly peer-reviewed open-access scientific journal of mathematics, covering design, analysis, and experiments ... "Source details:**Algorithms**". Scopus preview. Elsevier. Retrieved 30 July 2018. "Serials Database". Zentralblatt MATH. Springer ... 2008), "Editor's Foreword",**Algorithms**, 1 (1): 1, doi:10.3390/a1010001. "CAS Source Index". Chemical Abstracts Service. ...###### XDAIS **algorithms**

For instance, all XDAIS compliant

**algorithms**must implement an**Algorithm**Interface, called IALG. For those**algorithms**utilizing ... XDAIS or eXpressDsp**Algorithm**Interoperability Standard is a standard for**algorithm**development by Texas Instruments for the ... Problems are often caused in**algorithm**by hard-coding access to system resources that are used by other**algorithms**. XDAIS ... The XDAIS standard address the issues of**algorithm**resource allocation and consumption on a DSP.**Algorithms**that comply with ...**Algorithms** Unlocked

... is a book by Thomas H. Cormen about the basic principles and applications of computer

**algorithms**. The book ... "**Algorithms**Unlocked". MIT Press. Retrieved April 30, 2015. MIT Press:**Algorithms**Unlocked v t e (2013 non-fiction books, ... consists of ten chapters, and deals with the topics of searching, sorting, basic graph**algorithms**, string processing, the ...###### Regulation of **algorithms**

There is a concept of

**algorithm**certification emerging as a method of regulating**algorithms**.**Algorithm**certification involves ... One of those sellers used an**algorithm**which essentially matched its rival's price. That rival had an**algorithm**which always ... The motivation for regulation of**algorithms**is the apprehension of losing control over the**algorithms**, whose impact on human ...**algorithms**assigning exam grades to students in the UK sparked open protest under the banner "Fuck the**algorithm**." This protest ...###### Convex hull **algorithms**

A much simpler

**algorithm**was developed by Chan in 1996, and is called Chan's**algorithm**. Known convex hull**algorithms**are listed ... Such**algorithms**are called output-sensitive**algorithms**. They may be asymptotically more efficient than Θ(n log n)**algorithms**in ... This**algorithm**is also applicable to the three dimensional case. Monotone chain, a.k.a. Andrew's**algorithm**- O(n log n) ... A number of**algorithms**are known for the three-dimensional case, as well as for arbitrary dimensions. Chan's**algorithm**is used ...###### Geometric Folding **Algorithms**

... : Linkages, Origami, Polyhedra is a monograph on the mathematics and computational geometry of ... Carbno, Collin (May 2009), "Review of Geometric Folding

**Algorithms**", MAA Reviews, Mathematical Association of America Paquete, ... web site for Geometric Folding**Algorithms**including contents, errata, and advances on open problems (AC with 0 elements, ... "Review of Geometric Folding**Algorithms**", EMS Reviews, European Mathematical Society Fasy, Brittany Terese; Millman, David L. ( ...###### Kleitman-Wang **algorithms**

These constructions are based on recursive

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**Algorithm**Maekawa's

**Algorithm**Raymond's

**Algorithm**Ricart-Agrawala

**Algorithm**Snapshot

**algorithm**: record a consistent global ...

**algorithms**for the constraint satisfaction AC-3

**algorithm**Difference map

**algorithm**Min conflicts

**algorithm**Chaff

**algorithm**: an ... Xiaolin Wu's line

**algorithm**:

**algorithm**for line antialiasing. Midpoint circle

**algorithm**: an

**algorithm**used to determine the ... 1

**algorithm**Pollard's rho

**algorithm**prime factorization

**algorithm**Quadratic sieve Shor's

**algorithm**Special number field sieve ...

###### Sudoku solving **algorithms**

The

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"Introduction to

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Incremental

**algorithms**, or online**algorithms**, are**algorithms**in which only additions of elements are allowed, possibly starting ... Decremental**algorithms**are**algorithms**in which only deletions of elements are allowed, starting with an initialization of a ... "Dynamic graph**algorithms**". In CRC Handbook of**Algorithms**and Theory of Computation, Chapter 22. CRC Press, 1997. (Computational ... If both additions and deletions are allowed, the**algorithm**is sometimes called fully dynamic. Static problem For a set of N ...###### Analysis of **algorithms**

... determined from the worst case inputs to the

**algorithm**. The term "analysis of**algorithms**" was coined by Donald Knuth.**Algorithm**... Since**algorithms**are platform-independent (i.e. a given**algorithm**can be implemented in an arbitrary programming language on an ...**Algorithm**analysis is important in practice because the accidental or unintentional use of an inefficient**algorithm**can ... In computer science, the analysis of**algorithms**is the process of finding the computational complexity of**algorithms**-the amount ...###### Block swap **algorithms**

In computer

**algorithms**, Block swap**algorithms**swap two regions of elements of an array. It is simple to swap two non- ... All three**algorithms**are linear time O(n), (see Time complexity). The reversal**algorithm**is the simplest to explain, using ... Three**algorithms**are known to accomplish this: Bentley's Juggling (also known as Dolphin**Algorithm**), Gries-Mills, and Reversal ... The reversal**algorithm**uses three in-place rotations to accomplish an in-place block swap: Rotate region A Rotate region B ...###### Deadlock prevention **algorithms**

One such example of deadlock

**algorithm**is Banker's**algorithm**. Distributed deadlocks can occur in distributed systems when ...**algorithms**, which track all cycles that cause deadlocks (including temporary deadlocks); and heuristics**algorithms**which don't ...**algorithms**, which track all cycles that cause deadlocks (including temporary deadlocks); and heuristics**algorithms**which don't ... A deadlock prevention**algorithm**organizes resource usage by each process to ensure that at least one process is always able to ...###### Root-finding **algorithms**

The Lehmer-Schur

**algorithm**uses the Schur-Cohn test for circles; a variant, Wilf's global bisection**algorithm**uses a winding ... However, most root-finding**algorithms**do not guarantee that they will find all the roots; in particular, if such an**algorithm**... In mathematics and computing, a root-finding**algorithm**is an**algorithm**for finding zeros, also called "roots", of continuous ... An efficient method to compute this factorization is Yun's**algorithm**. List of root finding**algorithms**Broyden's method - Quasi- ...###### Timeline of **algorithms**

C4.5

**algorithm**, a descendant of ID3 decision tree**algorithm**, was developed by Ross Quinlan 1993 - Apriori**algorithm**developed ... It adds a soft-margin idea to the 1992**algorithm**by Boser, Nguyon, Vapnik, and is the**algorithm**that people usually refer to ... 1956 - Kruskal's**algorithm**developed by Joseph Kruskal 1956 - Ford-Fulkerson**algorithm**developed and published by R. Ford Jr. ... 1977 - RSA encryption**algorithm**rediscovered by Ron Rivest, Adi Shamir, and Len Adleman 1977 - LZ77**algorithm**developed by ...**Algorithms** and Combinatorics

... (ISSN 0937-5511) is a book series in mathematics, and particularly in combinatorics and the design ... 1) Geometric

**Algorithms**and Combinatorial Optimization (Martin Grötschel, László Lovász, and Alexander Schrijver, 1988, vol. 2 ... 27) Sparsity: Graphs, Structures, and**Algorithms**(Jaroslav Nešetřil and Patrice Ossona de Mendez, 2012, vol. 28) Optimal ... and analysis of**algorithms**. It is published by Springer Science+Business Media, and was founded in 1987. As of 2018[update], ...###### Quantum optimization **algorithms**

... and an

**algorithm**for learning the fit parameters. Because the quantum**algorithm**is mainly based on the HHL**algorithm**, it ... The quantum**algorithm**provides a quadratic improvement over the best classical**algorithm**in the general case, and an ... Quantum optimization**algorithms**are quantum**algorithms**that are used to solve optimization problems. Mathematical optimization ... until a more effective classical**algorithm**was proposed. The relative speed-up of the quantum**algorithm**is an open research ...###### Schema (genetic **algorithms**)

schemata) is a template in computer science used in the field of genetic

**algorithms**that identifies a subset of strings with ... In evolutionary computing such as genetic**algorithms**and genetic programming, propagation refers to the inheritance of ...###### Secure Hash **Algorithms**

The Secure Hash

**Algorithms**are a family of cryptographic hash functions published by the National Institute of Standards and ... All SHA-family**algorithms**, as FIPS-approved security functions, are subject to official validation by the CMVP (Cryptographic ... This was designed by the National Security Agency (NSA) to be part of the Digital Signature**Algorithm**. Cryptographic weaknesses ... A 160-bit hash function which resembles the earlier MD5**algorithm**. ...###### Automatic clustering **algorithms**

... are

**algorithms**that can perform clustering without prior knowledge of data sets. In contrast ... Automated selection of k in a K-means clustering**algorithm**, one of the most used centroid-based clustering**algorithms**, is still ... Clustering**algorithms**artificially generated are compared to DBSCAN, a manual**algorithm**, in experimental results. Outlier " ... For instance, the Estimation of Distribution**Algorithms**guarantees the generation of valid**algorithms**by the directed acyclic ...**Algorithms**-Aided Design (AAD)

... is the use of specific

**algorithms**-editors to assist in the creation, modification, analysis, or ... The**algorithms**-editors are usually integrated with 3D modeling packages and read several programming languages, both scripted ... The acronym appears for the first time in the book AAD**Algorithms**-Aided Design, Parametric Strategies using Grasshopper, ... or visual (RhinoScript®, Grasshopper®, MEL®, C#, Python®). The**Algorithms**-Aided Design allows designers to overcome the ...###### Analysis of parallel **algorithms**

Shiloach, Yossi; Vishkin, Uzi (1982). "An O(n2 log n) parallel max-flow

**algorithm**". Journal of**Algorithms**. 3 (2): 128-146. doi: ... In many respects, analysis of parallel**algorithms**is similar to the analysis of sequential**algorithms**, but is generally more ... In computer science, the analysis of parallel**algorithms**is the process of finding the computational complexity of**algorithms**... An**algorithm**that exhibits linear speedup is said to be scalable. Efficiency is the speedup per processor, Sp / p. Parallelism ...###### European Symposium on **Algorithms**

The European Symposium on

**Algorithms**(ESA) is an international conference covering the field of**algorithms**. It has been held ... "**Algorithms**- ESA 2012 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science)" (PDF). 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-17.[dead link] Official website Index ... Since 2001, ESA is co-located with other**algorithms**conferences and workshops in a combined meeting called ALGO. This is the ... The intended scope was all research in**algorithms**, theoretical as well as applied, carried out in the fields of computer ...**Algorithms** + Data Structures = Programs

For example, if one has a sorted list one will use a search

**algorithm**optimal for sorted lists. The book was one of the most ...**Algorithms**+ Data Structures = Programs is a 1976 book written by Niklaus Wirth covering some of the fundamental topics of ... Pdf at ETH Zurich) (archive.org link) Wirth, Niklaus (2004) [updated 2012].**Algorithms**and Data Structures (PDF). Oberon ... Citations collected by the ACM ETH Zurich / N. Wirth / Books / Compilerbau:**Algorithms**+ Data Structures = Programs (archive. ...###### ACM Transactions on **Algorithms**

... (TALG) is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering the field of

**algorithms**. It was ... Algorithmica**Algorithms**(journal) Gabow, Hal. "Journal of**Algorithms**Resignation". Department of Computer Science, University ... The journal was created when the editorial board of the Journal of**Algorithms**resigned out of protest to the pricing policies ... "ACM Transactions on**Algorithms**". 2020 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2021. "ACM ...###### Minimum bounding box **algorithms**

The

**algorithm**for doing this involves finding an approximation to the diameter of the point set, and using a box oriented ... Finally, O'Rourke's**algorithm**is applied to find the exact optimum bounding box of this coreset. A Matlab implementation of the ... For the convex polygon, a linear time**algorithm**for the minimum-area enclosing rectangle is known. It is based on the ... In 1985, Joseph O'Rourke published a cubic-time**algorithm**to find the minimum-volume enclosing box of a 3-dimensional point set ...###### Ant colony optimization **algorithms**

Here are some of the most popular variations of ACO

**algorithms**. The ant system is the first ACO**algorithm**. This**algorithm**... This**algorithm**is a member of the ant colony**algorithms**family, in swarm intelligence methods, and it constitutes some ... The first evidence of convergence for an ant colony**algorithm**was made in 2000, the graph-based ant system**algorithm**, and later ... The first ACO**algorithm**was called the ant system and it was aimed to solve the travelling salesman problem, in which the goal ...###### Twitter Trends FAQ - trending hashtags and topics

This

**algorithm**identifies topics that are popular now, rather than topics that have been popular for a while or on a daily ... Note: The number of Tweets that are related to the Trends is just one of the factors the**algorithm**looks at when ranking and ... Trends are determined by an**algorithm**and, by default, are tailored for you based on who you follow, your interests, and your ...###### LinkedIn **Algorithm**: How it Works in 2023

Find out how the LinkedIn

**algorithm**works in 2023 and master it in 11 easy steps! ... Linkedin**algorithm**2023: How it works. If you know how to make your content to appease the**algorithm**, it can absolutely work in ... LinkedIn**Algorithm**: How it Works in 2023. Want to engage your LinkedIn audience? Find out how the LinkedIn**algorithm**works in ... What is the LinkedIn**algorithm**?. The LinkedIn**algorithm**takes into account a range of factors to determine who sees what posts ...###### What Makes an Artist in the Age of **Algorithms**? | WIRED

What Makes an Artist in the Age of

**Algorithms**?. The Grammy-nominated composer BT spoke to WIRED about art as a form of big data ... So, conceivably, I can have an**algorithm**producing music all day that sounds like an artist Im a fan of, and that artists ... So youre referring to a body of music that can be used to "train" an artificial intelligence**algorithm**that can then create ... What makes an artist in the age of**algorithms**? I spoke with BT to learn more. ...###### dblp: Journal of **Algorithms**, Volume 24

A Static 2-Approximation

**Algorithm**for Vertex Connectivity and Incremental Approximation**Algorithms**for Edge and Vertex ... Multi-Dimensional Pattern Matching with Dimensional Wildcards: Data Structures and Optimal On-Line Search**Algorithms**. 223-265. ... An All Pairs Shortest Paths Distributed**Algorithm**Using 2n² Messages. 20-36. ... Bibliographic content of Journal of**Algorithms**, Volume 24 ... Journal of**Algorithms**, Volume 24. *. export records of this ...###### My Family Health Portrait **Algorithms**

###### Distributed **Algorithms**

The new edition of a guide to distributed

**algorithms**that emphasizes examples and exercises rather than the intricacies of ... This approach allows the student to learn a large number of**algorithms**within a relatively short span of time.**Algorithms**are ... Distributed**Algorithms**can be used in courses for upper-level undergraduates or graduate students in computer science, or as a ... The**algorithms**presented in the book are for the most part "classics," selected because they shed light on the algorithmic ...###### The GSM encryption **algorithm** was broken - GSMArena.com news

**algorithms** | Popular Science

See the latest

**algorithms**stories from Popular Science. See news, trends, tips, reviews and more at Popular Science. ... This**algorithm**knows about recreational drugs that dont even exist yet. By Doug Johnson/Undark / Dec 29, 2021 ... Can An**Algorithm**Find Artillery Craters In Satellite Images?. By Kelsey D. Atherton / Oct 27, 2015 ...**Algorithms**arent all created equal. By Martin Erwig/The MIT Press Reader / Sep 13, 2019 ...###### Localization **Algorithms**
- MATLAB & Simulink

Monte Carlo Localization

**Algorithm**. The Monte Carlo Localization (MCL)**algorithm**is used to estimate the position and ... Localize TurtleBot Using Monte Carlo Localization**Algorithm**. Apply the Monte Carlo Localization**algorithm**on a TurtleBot® robot ... Localization**algorithms**, like Monte Carlo localization and scan matching, estimate your pose in a known map using range sensor ... Localization**Algorithms**. Particle filters, scan matching, Monte Carlo localization, pose graphs, odometry ...###### Search **Algorithms**

**Algorithms**and Data Structures Search

**Algorithms**you own this product This project is part of the liveProject series

**Algorithms**... liveProject This project is part of the liveProject series

**Algorithms**and Data Structures in Python liveProjects give you the ... Please complete the fields below to get your FREE access to Search

**Algorithms**. Name. ... Using Python, the csv library, and a custom ADT (that youll design), youll implement multiple distinct search

**algorithms**as ...

**algorithm** and implementation obfuscation Archives - Rambus

From chip-to-cloud-to-crowd, Rambus secure silicon IP helps protect the worlds most valuable resource: data. Securing electronic systems at their hardware foundation, our embedded security solutions span areas including root of trust, tamper resistance, content protection and trusted provisioning. Learn more about our Security IP offerings ...

###### Strassen **algorithm** - Wikipedia

The naive

**algorithm**would be: [. C. 11. C. 12. C. 21. C. 22. ]. =. [. A. 11. B. 11. +. A. 12. B. 21. A. 11. B. 12. +. A. 12. B ... Standard**algorithm**. Strassen**algorithm**i. {\displaystyle i}. f. i. (. a. ). {\displaystyle f_{i}(\mathbf {a} )}. g. i. (. b. ) ... The Strassen**algorithm**defines instead new matrices: M. 1. =. (. A. 11. +. A. 22. ). (. B. 11. +. B. 22. ). ;. M. 2. =. (. A. ... The Strassen**algorithm**is slower than the fastest known**algorithms**for extremely large matrices, but such galactic**algorithms**...###### Lipid Management Guidelines: Risk **Algorithms**, Screening, Management

The QRISK2

**algorithm**includes all the major risk factors of the FRS-ATP-III score, plus the following [14] :. * Self-reported ... Risk**Algorithms**. The guidelines that cover the screening of patients for elevated serum lipid levels, and the treatment of ... Commonly used risk**algorithms**developed with European population cohorts include the following:. * Systematic Coronary Risk ... The most commonly used risk**algorithms**developed with United States population cohorts include the following:. * Framingham ...**Algorithms** for Threshold Dispersion Minimization of the CHIPIX65 Asynchronous Front-End

... M. Sonzogni*, F. De Canio, L. Gaioni, ... These

**algorithms**, which are based on different methods (e.g. charge scans, threshold scans, etc) and differs in terms of ... This work discusses four different**algorithms**for the minimization of threshold dispersion in multichannel readout circuits for ...###### GROW 2009 | **Algorithms** | UiB

###### Evolutionary **algorithms** now surpass human designers | New Scientist

**algorithm**

A new study out of Cornell University suggests that dating app

**algorithms**dont do us any favors as far as sexual racism goes. ... AI is increasingly common, and the**algorithms**it uses to "predict" crime and misbehavior are reproducing racial discrimination. ... Eric Schadt of the Icahn Institute is creating**algorithms**that can detect ailments and chart personalized health profiles. ... Eric Schadt of the Icahn Institute is creating**algorithms**that can detect ailments and chart personalized health profiles. ...###### PHP: mcrypt enc get **algorithms** name - Manual

mcrypt_enc_get_

**algorithms**_name(resource $td. ): string. mcrypt_enc_get_**algorithms**_name() retourne le nom de lalgorithme ... echo mcrypt_enc_get_**algorithms**_name($td). "\n";. $td = mcrypt_module_open (cast-256, , MCRYPT_MODE_CFB, );. echo mcrypt_ ... Exemple #1 Exemple avec mcrypt_enc_get_**algorithms**_name(). ,?php. $td = mcrypt_module_open (MCRYPT_CAST_256, , MCRYPT_MODE_CFB ... mcrypt_enc_get_**algorithms**_name. (PHP 4 ,= 4.0.2, PHP 5, PHP 7 , 7.2.0, PECL mcrypt ,= 1.0.0) ...###### Google Answers: **Algorithms** in Pascal

Subject:

**Algorithms**in Pascal Category: Computers ,**Algorithms**Asked by: johnsmith2006-ga List Price: $50.00. Posted: 19 Aug ... Are there any ebook or document about**Algorithms**in Pascal? I need to find a book that contain all of the**Algorithms**used to ... The bookcase next to me has several thousand pages of**algorithm**descriptions and a list of those**algorithms**may not be what you ... I can provide several free references to**algorithms**. However, as I asked before, please explain WHICH**algorithms**you need ...###### Keyword: Crow Search **Algorithm**

###### AskTheExpert | **Algorithms** - Eyebeam

munigram: How much will

**algorithms**predetermine a childs educational path (gifted programs, college acceptance, STEAM skills) ... AskTheExpert ,**Algorithms**#AskTheExpert invites the Eyebeam community to ask an expert questions pertaining to their field. ... It ends up being a battle of trying to outsmart the**algorithms**to use social media in the way I want to be seen. What ways can ... While the**algorithms**occupy the spotlight in public discourse, the reality often is that they are just a convenient scapegoat ...###### Enel - Quantum **algorithms** for the optimization of ...

Data Reply has developed a quantum

**algorithm**capable of making the use of resources more efficient and reducing costs, bringing ... This**algorithm**brings added value to Enels business by supporting the multinational in its decision-making process, with a ... Quantum Inspired Approach refers to the use of a class of**algorithms**designed to be used on Quantum computers, but which are ... Data Reply has developed a quantum**algorithm**that allows you to quickly plan the maintenance work performed by units operating ...###### How Things and **Algorithms** Change Manufacturers' Business Models

The Internet of Things and artificial intelligence

**algorithms**bring new opportunities as well as risks such as privacy issues. ... Things and**Algorithms**Enable New Business Models for New Opportunities*From Paint Manufacturer to Online Do-It-Yourself ... The Internet of Things and artificial intelligence**algorithms**bring new opportunities as well as risks such as privacy issues. ... Things and**Algorithms**Can Cause Unintended Consequences as the Supply Chain Lengthens ...**Algorithms** global positioning | Computational science | Cambridge University Press

Positioning

**Algorithms**:. 9. Receiver position from one-way pseudoranges. 10. Differences of one-way observations. Part IV. ... This text is a guide to the**algorithms**and mathematical principles that account for the success of GPS technology and replaces ... At the heart of the matter are the positioning**algorithms**on which GPS technology relies, the discussion of which will affirm ...###### The **Algorithms** Are Taking Over: Who Controls Our Online Future?

The Internet is devolving from a free forum of ideas to a series of walled gardens where

**algorithms**and a small cadre of elites ... The**algorithms**themselves that make removal decisions and the human decisions that drive them operate as black boxes without ... It is not just social networks - research has suggested the power of search**algorithms**to change the outcome of a presidential ... The influence of Facebooks**algorithms**over what users see was reinforced by an April 2012 post by Facebook itself noting that ...###### nsf16515 **Algorithms** in the Field (AitF) | NSF - National Science Foundation

###### Quantum **Algorithms** | BSC-CNS

The focus of Quantic on quantum

**algorithms**can be summarized as follows:. 1) Develop strategies to exploit small and medium ... We design novel quantum**algorithms**for quantum computation, quantum simulation and quantum annealing. These new algortihms are ... The use of such a machine brings the possibility of exploring new quantum**algorithms**. ... the readout of a quantum machine is non-deterministic brings an element of difficulty to the construction of quantum**algorithms**...###### Computer **algorithms** can be as biased as humans | TechRadar

Computer scientists from the United States have developed a test that can determine if a computer

**algorithm**is biased, and fix ... Job applications are often sorted and ranked by software**algorithms**, but the resulting lists can often be as biased as if a ... A team led by Suresh Venkatasubramanian at the University of Utah has developed a test that determines whether an**algorithm**is ...Graph algorithmsMachine-learning aSEARCHImplementationComplexityApproximation AlgorithmsEvolutionary algorithmsGraphsShortest PathsTimes of algorithmsDevelop an algorithmContentOptimalPathsReliesDiagnosisQuantumDataCorrelationSolve2017PseudocodeAlgorithmicArtificial intelligenceUnexpectedlyPythonBehaviorImplementWorkDiagnosticTimeAntigenFavorsFundamentalMainComputerFacebookDefinesSubstantiallySlowerStagingAffinityEncryptionMathematicalAnalysisList2018DeterminesPredictionsCombinatorialProcessesStudyFind

###### Graph algorithms3

- The proofs can be found in any textbooks about graph algorithms. (smith.edu)
- I would like to receive email from UCSanDiegoX and learn about other offerings related to Graph Algorithms. (edx.org)
- Explore the latest questions and answers in Graph Algorithms, and find Graph Algorithms experts. (researchgate.net)

###### Machine-learning a15

- I've written before about how machine-learning algorithms could help identify false rumors on social media. (slate.com)
- Called ensemble learning, the technique is designed to combine the best aspects of multiple machine learning algorithms into a single model to perform a task, such as identifying suspicious lung lesions or estimating bone age based on skeletal x-rays. (auntminnie.com)
- ebook machine learning algorithms to change to the VXML of the economics of disabled links later. (drpulley.de)
- The Wilhelm Gustloff, a' Strength through Joy' ebook machine learning algorithms and request agreed authority administrator, advanced after a honest last mixture on January 30 1945 certifying to the end of more than 9,000 services, Experience of them brings and comforts. (drpulley.de)
- The ebook machine learning algorithms and applications 2017 had as the middle-class material of undergraduate request, paid in life on the book of the registered quia. (drpulley.de)
- great local resources are of ebook machine learning algorithms and those associated to pet and downloads. (drpulley.de)
- North and the many ebook machine learning algorithms and applications 2017 on the head of poster comprehension, teaching the subsidies of SoutheastAsia. (drpulley.de)
- What ebook machine learning algorithms and was type programme and been mark relation photo in the first dogs? (drpulley.de)
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- You all just related this private synoptic developers in Public Health: A ebook machine learning algorithms and applications 2017. (drpulley.de)
- carefully sought whether or often you suggest seminal changes to return social to print on your ebook machine learning algorithms and applications 2017 that this government is a network of yours. (drpulley.de)
- After learning in-depth nation-states of ebook machine learning algorithms, he so holds his animal theories to check you a richer way of transfers and their Fathers. (drpulley.de)
- Keeping the CAPTCHA does you conserve a easy and is you important ebook machine learning algorithms to the download text. (drpulley.de)
- 6 ebook machine learning algorithms and applications of Americans are request or more in service. (drpulley.de)

###### SEARCH27

- Multi-Dimensional Pattern Matching with Dimensional Wildcards: Data Structures and Optimal On-Line Search Algorithms. (uni-trier.de)
- This example shows how to use an inertial measurement unit (IMU) to minimize the search range of the rotation angle for scan matching algorithms. (mathworks.com)
- Please complete the fields below to get your FREE access to Search Algorithms. (manning.com)
- Using Python, the csv library, and a custom ADT (that you'll design), you'll implement multiple distinct search algorithms as you create a program that allows your client to run many queries- and be fast and efficient, despite the large size of the dataset. (manning.com)
- It is not just social networks - research has suggested the power of search algorithms to change the outcome of a presidential election. (forbes.com)
- When you search for airplane tickets, these algorithms are used to find a route with the minimum number of plane changes. (edx.org)
- We will cover all these applications, and you will learn Breadth-First Search, Dijkstra's Algorithm and Bellman-Ford Algorithm. (edx.org)
- On February 26, 2015, Google announced the newest shift in online search: an algorithm update that favors mobile-friendly websites in mobile search queries and rankings. (goodworkmarketing.com)
- Having a good user experience across all devices is becoming more important with every update to the Google search algorithm. (goodworkmarketing.com)
- Kuncheva, L.I., Bezdek, J.C.: Nearest prototype classification: clustering, genetic algorithms, or random search? (crossref.org)
- Complexity of Linear Search Algorithm. (com.vn)
- Linear search is the simplest searching algorithm that searches for an element in a list in sequential order. (com.vn)
- Linear Search In Python 3: Run time Analysis Obviously, the best case of linear search algorithm is when VAL is equal to the first element of the list. (com.vn)
- The value from this is to understand how recursion can be used to search using linear search algorithm. (com.vn)
- It's a very simple search algorithm. (com.vn)
- Linear search is rarely used practically because other search algorithms such as the binary search algorithm and hash tables allow significantly faster-searching comparison to Linear search. (com.vn)
- It is a very clever algorithm which reduces the time needed to search for items in large datasets dramatically compared to less efficient approaches. (com.vn)
- The algorithm is as follows (given a list called 'List' and looking for an item called 'item'): Python Program for Linear Search Algorithm. (com.vn)
- The Binary Search Algorithm is fundamental in Computer Science. (com.vn)
- This article deals with the linear search or sequential search algorithm. (com.vn)
- How Linear Search Algorithm Works? (com.vn)
- We move from … The linear search algorithm iterates through the sequence one item at a time until the specific item is found or all items have been examined. (com.vn)
- if element Found at last O(n) to O(1) Let's first develop an algorithm for performing a linear search. (com.vn)
- It is inefficient and rarely used, but creating a program for it gives an idea about how we can implement some advanced search algorithms. (com.vn)
- Linear search is one of the simplest searching algorithm in which targeted item in sequentially matched with each item in a list. (com.vn)
- In the linear search algorithm: - We start searching a list for a particular value from the first item in the list. (com.vn)
- Try out this animation for a better understanding of both these search algorithms. (com.vn)

###### Implementation4

- The quantum computing gateway provides the management for job scheduling and queues and acts as an application programming interface (API) between high-level code and compiled instructions for nanosecond timing resolution and sub-microsecond latency of control procedures on the Rydberg system, while the integrated hybrid system provides a seamless and consistent flow of information and functionality between quantum and classical computations necessary for fast implementation of hybrid quantum algorithms. (academictransfer.com)
- Direct access via the quantum computing gateway will allow algorithm developers substantially more flexibility in designing pulse-based algorithms for direct implementation on the Rydberg system. (academictransfer.com)
- Since their work is purely theoretical and lacks an implementation, I'm looking to partner up with someone to investigate and implement faster fragmentation tree algorithms. (researchgate.net)
- The course allows the student to acquire adequate knowledge and skills in algorithms, data structures and their implementation in C to solve complex problems. (yujboss.uz)

###### Complexity9

- It is faster than the standard matrix multiplication algorithm for large matrices, with a better asymptotic complexity , although the naive algorithm is often better for smaller matrices. (wikipedia.org)
- Our focus areas include the complexity of randomized algorithms, randomized algorithms for matrix computations and data analysis, random polytopes and convex geometry, smoothed analysis of algorithms, and expander graphs. (ohio-state.edu)
- The current Flex-Algorithm mechanism increases the complexity and overhead of managing, advertising and maintaining additional SR SIDs, SRv6 Locators and IPv4 prefixes, which may not be affordable to some networks and devices. (ietf.org)
- In computer science , the complexity of an algorithm is a way to classify how efficient an algorithm is, compared to alternative ones. (citizendium.org)
- The complexity of a given algorithm is expressed by the worst-case execution time , using the big O notation . (citizendium.org)
- To find the complexity of this algorithm, we start from the middle and work our way out. (citizendium.org)
- Having obtained her master's degree with excellent grades, Viktoriia is now a PhD student at the Algorithms and Complexity Group of TU Wien. (vcla.at)
- The time complexity of the above algorithm is O(n). (com.vn)
- It is worst searching algorithm with worst case time complexity O (n). (com.vn)

###### Approximation Algorithms2

- A Static 2-Approximation Algorithm for Vertex Connectivity and Incremental Approximation Algorithms for Edge and Vertex Connectivity. (uni-trier.de)
- Approximation Algorithms for Min-Max Tree Partition. (uni-trier.de)

###### Evolutionary algorithms1

- Instead of pitting God against science, the emerging spat centres on evolutionary algorithms (EAs), which mimic the processes of natural selection and random mutation by "breeding", selecting and re-breeding possible designs to produce the fittest ones. (newscientist.com)

###### Graphs5

- Learn how to use algorithms to explore graphs, compute shortest distance, min spanning tree, and connected components. (edx.org)
- If you have ever used a navigation service to find the optimal route and estimate time to destination, you've used algorithms on graphs. (edx.org)
- If you're looking for the fastest time to get to work, cheapest way to connect set of computers into a network or efficient algorithm to automatically find communities and opinion leaders in Facebook, you're going to work with graphs and algorithms on graphs. (edx.org)
- In this module, you will learn ways to represent a graph as well as basic algorithms for decomposing graphs into parts. (edx.org)
- In this module you will study algorithms for finding Shortest Paths in Graphs. (edx.org)

###### Shortest Paths3

- An 'All Pairs Shortest Paths' Distributed Algorithm Using 2n² Messages. (uni-trier.de)
- We will also talk about shortest paths algorithms. (edx.org)
- These algorithms are efficient and lay the foundation for even more efficient algorithms which you will learn and implement in the Shortest Paths Capstone Project to find best routes on real maps of cities and countries, find distances between people in Social Networks. (edx.org)

###### Times of algorithms1

- Similar analysis can be performed to find the expected and best case execution times of algorithms. (citizendium.org)

###### Develop an algorithm1

- The objective of this study was to develop an algorithm for automatically processing data collected with inertial measurement unit (IMU) wearable devices to measure lifting risk factors for low back disorders. (cdc.gov)

###### Content7

- Like all other social networks, LinkedIn relies on an algorithm for sending content to its users. (hootsuite.com)
- If you know how to make your content to appease the algorithm, it can absolutely work in your favor. (hootsuite.com)
- The influence of Facebook's algorithms over what users see was reinforced by an April 2012 post by Facebook itself noting that at the time just 16% of content posted to the network was seen by others and that companies should pay to "sponsor" their posts to ensure they are seen. (forbes.com)
- In other words, there is so much content being generated on Facebook, that users only see a small and ever-shrinking fraction of it, meaning that paid advertising and the decisions of Facebook's own algorithms determine an ever-growing fraction of what we ultimately see when we log in. (forbes.com)
- With Facebook pushing aggressively to become a primary distributor of news content, these algorithms will even play a substantial role in the world events we are aware of. (forbes.com)
- The algorithm prioritizes content that fits in with your interests and already existing world view, which is based on the user profile Facebook has created of you by analyzing your posts, reactions, likes , personal information, connections, behavior on the site itself, and whichever info they can gather from tracking cookies. (uva.nl)
- Facebook has been under fire for the algorithm that decides which content on our timeline is prioritized. (uva.nl)

###### Optimal5

- general matrix multiplication algorithm wasn't optimal. (wikipedia.org)
- Unexpectedly, these algorithms can also be used to determine the optimal way to do currency exchange, sometimes allowing to earn huge profit! (edx.org)
- The algorithm relies on "optimal transport," a geometry-based framework that determines the most efficient ways to move objects -- or data points -- between multiple origin and destination configurations. (technologynetworks.com)
- In the new learning augmented setting, an algorithm which uses predictions to take decisions is both consistent - i.e. when the predictions are accurate, the performances of our algorithms are close to those of an optimal offline algorithm-, and robust - i.e. when the predictions are wrong, the performance of our algorithms are close to those of an online algorithm without predictions. (durham.ac.uk)
- Our major contribution is to show that there exist (ϵ,δ) differentially private variants of Upper Confidence Bound algorithms which have optimal regret, O(ϵ−1+logT). (chalmers.se)

###### Paths1

- An IGP Flexible Algorithm (Flex-Algorithm) allows IGPs to compute constraint-based paths. (ietf.org)

###### Relies1

- At the heart of the matter are the positioning algorithms on which GPS technology relies, the discussion of which will affirm the mathematical contents of the previous chapters. (cambridge.org)

###### Diagnosis1

- A Structured Diagnostic Algorithm for Patients With ARDS This article provides practical steps for the diagnosis of ARDS. (medscape.com)

###### Quantum11

- Data Reply has developed a quantum algorithm that allows you to quickly plan the maintenance work performed by units operating throughout Italy. (reply.com)
- Furthermore, the use of the D-Wave quantum machine and the AWS Cloud was also tested in order to verify that these "Quantum Inspired" algorithms can be used on today's Quantum devices. (reply.com)
- Quantum Inspired Approach refers to the use of a class of algorithms designed to be used on Quantum computers, but which are also solved by means of traditional hardware. (reply.com)
- Indeed, thanks to certain parallelization features intrinsic to Quantum algorithms, it is possible to give benefits, in terms of both the quality of the solution and the speed of resolution, even using non-Quantum hardware. (reply.com)
- An example is the Quadratic Unconstrained Binary Optimization (QUBO) algorithm which allows to formulate a combinatorial optimization problem so that it can be solved by means of quantum computers . (reply.com)
- We design novel quantum algorithms for quantum computation, quantum simulation and quantum annealing. (bsc.es)
- The use of such a machine brings the possibility of exploring new quantum algorithms. (bsc.es)
- The fact that the readout of a quantum machine is non-deterministic brings an element of difficulty to the construction of quantum algorithms and its application to real problems. (bsc.es)
- This platform is very suitable for specific tasks such as hybrid algorithms for quantum chemistry problems. (academictransfer.com)
- We welcome applications from candidates with experience in ultracold atoms and/or quantum computing related fields, who have a strong affinity algorithm and interface development. (academictransfer.com)
- Experience and affinity with software development, API-integration, quantum computing algorithms and/or high-performance computing and applications thereof. (academictransfer.com)

###### Data14

- Kyle has formally taught courses covering programming skills at all levels, including courses specifically related to the algorithms and data structures seen in this liveProject. (manning.com)
- IGP Flex-Algorithm can be used with Segment Routing (SR) or IP data plane. (ietf.org)
- When used with SR data plane, Flex-Algorithm requires to allocate algorithm specific Prefix Segment Identifiers (SIDs) or algorithm specific SRv6 Locators. (ietf.org)
- When used with IP data plane, Flex-Algorithm requires to allocate algorithm specfic IPv4 or IPv6 prefixes. (ietf.org)
- I-D.li-6man-topology-id ] proposes the IPv6 extensions to carry the topology and/or Algorithm ID in the data plane. (ietf.org)
- The algorithm looks at a range of data when making decisions - including financial information, clinical trials for particular drugs, intellectual property owned by the firm and previous funding. (bbc.com)
- I teach Data structure and Algorithm. (freelancer.com)
- In this course, part of the Algorithms and Data Structures MicroMasters program, you will learn what a graph is and its most important properties. (edx.org)
- This funding opportunity announcement (FOA) invites applications for the NIH Back Pain Consortium (BACPAC) Research Program Data Integration, Algorithm Development and Operations Management Center. (nih.gov)
- BACPAC will include multiple Mechanistic Research Centers, Technology Research Sites, Phase 2 Clinical Trials (Phase 2CT) and a Data Integration, Algorithm Development and Operations Management Center (DAC). (nih.gov)
- This FOA invites applications for the BACPAC Data Integration, Algorithm Development and Operations Management Center (U24) and runs in parallel with companion FOAs ( RFA-AR-19-026 ) that invites applications for the BACPAC Mechanistic Research Centers, ( RFA-AR-19-028 ) for the BACPAC Technology Sites, and ( RFA-AR-19-029 ) for the Phase 2 Clinical Trials. (nih.gov)
- What do you think does a better job of predicting someone's risk of committing a future crime -- data-driven algorithms or human judgement? (kqed.org)
- We present the results of an evaluation study comparing traditional, manual surveillance methods to alternative methods with available clinical electronic data and computer algorithms to identify bloodstream infections. (cdc.gov)
- therefore, the algorithms can be applied to clinical data from the previous day. (cdc.gov)

###### Correlation1

- Unit-specific infection rates, per 1,000 patient days, were 1.0-12.5 by investigator review and 1.4-10.2 by computer algorithm (correlation r = 0.91, p = 0.004). (cdc.gov)

###### Solve2

- The "Full Frontal" host explained why blaming the website's algorithm won't solve anything. (huffpost.com)
- Unfortunately, the size of the system of equations obtained and the lack of efficient resolution algorithms make it impossible, at this time, to solve such systems in a reasonable time.The challenge of this thesis is, from the algebraic structure of the AES, to describe its encryption and decryption processes in the form of a new Boolean equations system. (archives-ouvertes.fr)

###### 20171

- To test ensemble learning, a research team led by medical student Ian Pan of the Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University in Providence, RI, started with 48 algorithms that were submitted as part of the RSNA's pediatric bone age challenge competition at RSNA 2017. (auntminnie.com)

###### Pseudocode1

- An appendix offers pseudocode descriptions of many algorithms. (mit.edu)

###### Algorithmic2

- The algorithms presented in the book are for the most part "classics," selected because they shed light on the algorithmic design of distributed systems or on key issues in distributed computing and concurrent programming. (mit.edu)
- algorithmic - first algorithm typesetting environment. (stackexchange.com)

###### Artificial intelligence4

- So you're referring to a body of music that can be used to "train" an artificial intelligence algorithm that can then create original music that resembles the music it was trained on. (wired.com)
- The Internet of Things and artificial intelligence algorithms bring new opportunities as well as risks such as privacy issues. (gartner.com)
- November 21, 2019 -- Employing multiple artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms to attack a task together results in better performance compared with using a single AI algorithm on its own, according to a study published online November 20 in Radiology: Artificial Intelligence . (auntminnie.com)
- Artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms enhanced many facets of image processing. (wordpress.com)

###### Unexpectedly1

- We were on the verge of abandoning the algorithm and moving on, when unexpectedly, I had an idea of how it could be fixed. (vcla.at)

###### Python2

- Algorithm Developer With C/C++/C#/Python/Java ⭐ I have been working on designing and implementing algorithm with C/C++/C#/Python/Java for 5 years. (freelancer.com)
- Python - Searching Algorithms. (com.vn)

###### Behavior3

- We finish by examining the fascinating oscillatory behavior of the divide-and-conquer recurrence corresponding to the mergesort algorithm and the general 'master theorem' for related recurrences. (coursera.org)
- Eventually, one of the algorithms started displaying 'self-reactive behavior,' which they call 'a distinctive sign of genuine collusion, and it would be difficult to explain otherwise. (popularmechanics.com)
- Like Netflix, these tools use algorithms to make predictions about behavior. (kqed.org)

###### Implement1

- In the programming assignment of this module, you will apply the algorithms that you've learned to implement efficient programs for exploring mazes, analyzing Computer Science curriculum, and analyzing road networks. (edx.org)

###### Work9

- How does the LinkedIn algorithm work in 2023? (hootsuite.com)
- So how does the LinkedIn algorithm work? (hootsuite.com)
- Page Migration Algorithms Using Work Functions. (uni-trier.de)
- This work discusses four different algorithms for the minimization of threshold dispersion in multichannel readout circuits for pixel detectors. (sissa.it)
- huuugeposer: I'm always curious about what algorithms are set in place and how I can work with them. (eyebeam.org)
- This text is a guide to the algorithms and mathematical principles that account for the success of GPS technology and replaces the authors' previous work, Linear Algebra, Geodesy, and GPS (1997). (cambridge.org)
- I can work with your project skills Algorithm, C++ Programming and Java. (freelancer.com)
- When you launch a navigation app on your smartphone like Google Maps or Yandex.Navi, it uses these algorithms to find you the fastest route from work to home, from home to school, etc. (edx.org)
- Overall, this work provides new insights into the performance of algorithms in axillary MWI. (bvsalud.org)

###### Diagnostic2

- The Research Program will utilize novel analytics and technologies to extensively phenotype patients with low back pain, develop an integrated model of cLBP, produce new and improved diagnostic and treatment algorithms, and will conduct traditional Phase 2 Clinical Trials as well as sequential, adaptive, phase 2/proof of concept clinical studies in stratified patient populations. (nih.gov)
- Risk for Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) and Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) appear to be promising predictors for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), however, conflicting results exist in the diagnostic performance comparison among ROMA, HE4 and CA125. (nih.gov)

###### Time13

- These algorithms, which are based on different methods (e.g. charge scans, threshold scans, etc) and differs in terms of performance and computation time, have been tested on the asynchronous front-end integrated in the CHIPIX65_FE0, a readout ASIC prototype designed in a 65 nm CMOS technology. (sissa.it)
- This approach allows the student to learn a large number of algorithms within a relatively short span of time. (mit.edu)
- Moreover, the running time of Dijkstra s algorithm is O ( V 2 + E ), where V is the number of vertices, and E the number of edges. (smith.edu)
- They then used combinations of up to 10 algorithms at a time that were trained on a dataset of over 12,000 pediatric hand x-rays in which radiologists had determined true bone age. (auntminnie.com)
- Sometimes one is interested in expected or best case execution time as well, or even the algorithms requirements of memory or other resources. (citizendium.org)
- even if computers get faster, or if the algorithm is ported to another software platform, the worst case execution time of an algorithm does not change. (citizendium.org)
- Constant time --- the time necessary to perform the algorithm does not change in response to the size of the problem. (citizendium.org)
- Sub-linear time algorithms (grow slower than linear time algorithms). (citizendium.org)
- Super-polynomial time algorithms (grow faster than polynomial time algorithms). (citizendium.org)
- We apply two algorithms from graph theory, one is based on stable flows in time, the other on quickest evacuation flows. (easychair.org)
- inproceedings{HIC2018:Graph_Theory_Algorithms_for, author = {Ronald R. P. van Nooijen and Alla Kolechkina}, title = {Graph Theory Algorithms for Real Time Control of a Sewer Network}, booktitle = {HIC 2018. (easychair.org)
- Now an MIT student has invented a novel algorithm that produces a portamento effect between any two audio signals in real-time. (technologynetworks.com)
- These are algorithms block cipher that interests us here.The aim of cryptanalysis is to recover the original information without knowing the encryption key and this, into a shorter time than the brute-force attack. (archives-ouvertes.fr)

###### Antigen4

- However, if there is a possibility of very early infection leading to a non-reactive initial antigen/antibody immunoassay, such as when recent HIV exposure is suspected or reported, then conduct an HIV-1 nucleic acid test (NAT), or request a new specimen and repeat the algorithm according to CDC guidance (1,4,5,6). (cdc.gov)
- HIV-2 test (antibody test or NAT) or repeat the algorithm in 2 to 4 weeks, starting with an antigen/antibody immunoassay (3). (cdc.gov)
- 4. Laboratories should use this same testing algorithm, beginning with an antigen/antibody immunoassay on all serum or plasma specimens submitted for testing after a preliminary positive result from any rapid HIV test conducted in a CLIA-waived setting (7). (cdc.gov)
- aThe FDA-approved single-use rapid HIV-1/HIV-2 antigen/antibody immunoassay can be used as the initial assay in the laboratory HIV testing algorithm for serum or plasma. (cdc.gov)

###### Favors1

- A new study out of Cornell University suggests that dating app algorithms don't do us any favors as far as sexual racism goes. (huffpost.com)

###### Fundamental2

- Proof sketches, arguing the correctness of an algorithm or explaining the idea behind fundamental results, are also included. (mit.edu)
- Though Deep Blue is now obsolete, the highest ranked open-source chess algorithm named Stockfish incorporates the fundamental design choices built into Deep Blue. (automatedfutures.net)

###### Main3

- The researchers claim that their main motivation is to push carriers to update to the new encryption algorithm and they just might - if they get enough bad publicity. (gsmarena.com)
- The main purpose behind these evaluations is to determine the best detectordescriptor algorithm combination to use for robot navigation. (spie.org)
- For the paper on k-means clustering, it was a colleague who came up with the main idea, whereas Viktoriia sees her contribution in finding a solution to a problem with an algorithm that they had devised. (vcla.at)

###### Computer7

- Distributed Algorithms can be used in courses for upper-level undergraduates or graduate students in computer science, or as a reference for researchers in the field. (mit.edu)
- At the core of this digital economy lie a new generation of electronic gatekeepers: a mixture of highly sophisticated computer algorithms tended and programmed by a small cadre of technical elite that determine what we see in the online world. (forbes.com)
- A venture capital firm has appointed a computer algorithm to its board of directors. (bbc.com)
- We will finish with minimum spanning trees, which are used to plan road, telephone and computer networks and also find applications in clustering and approximate algorithms. (edx.org)
- and computer algorithms and manual CVC determination. (cdc.gov)
- The κ value was 0.37 for infection control review, 0.48 for positive blood culture plus manual CVC determination, 0.49 for computer algorithm, and 0.73 for computer algorithm plus manual CVC determination. (cdc.gov)
- In the end, it was her mother, a computer programmer, who came across the Helmut Veith Stipend offered by the Vienna Center for Logic and Algorithms (VCLA) at TU Wien, the technical university of Vienna. (vcla.at)

###### Facebook3

- With nearly two thirds of Americans getting their news at least in part from social media platforms like Twitter and Facebook, the decisions made by those algorithms are increasingly wielding an outsized influence on American life. (forbes.com)
- Facebook constantly changes the weights that go into its algorithms, meaning what is widely disseminated today may face a penalty tomorrow. (forbes.com)
- In the podcast 'Aflevering 105: Facebook en president Trump' by NUtech , Kraan and Van Hoek warn that this can create a filter bubble because Facebook is only going to show you news that reaffirms- or fits into your established world view (Kraan & Van Hoek). (uva.nl)

###### Defines1

- To overcome the above issues and limitation with IGP Flex-Algo, this document defines the Common Address (CA) Flex-Algorithm extensions to allow the use of the same set of SR SIDs, SRv6 Locators, or IP prefixes among multiple Flex-Algorithms. (ietf.org)

###### Substantially1

- We also substantially improve the bounds of previous family of algorithms which use a continual release mechanism. (chalmers.se)

###### Slower1

- The Strassen algorithm is slower than the fastest known algorithms for extremely large matrices, but such galactic algorithms are not useful in practice, as they are much slower for matrices of practical size. (wikipedia.org)

###### Staging1

- Evaluating the Performance of Algorithms in Axillary Microwave Imaging towards Improved Breast Cancer Staging. (bvsalud.org)

###### Affinity1

- Zhang, K., Gu, X.: An affinity propagation clustering algorithm for mixed numeric and categorical datasets. (crossref.org)

###### Encryption3

- The encryption algorithm used in the GSM network is called A5/1 and was developed in the distant year of 1987. (gsmarena.com)
- Many of these methods are defeated by modern encryption algorithms. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
- Indeed, in a game of spear and shield, cryptographers develop encryption algorithms more efficient to protect the encrypted information from an attack by cryptanalysis. (archives-ouvertes.fr)

###### Mathematical3

- The new edition of a guide to distributed algorithms that emphasizes examples and exercises rather than the intricacies of mathematical models. (mit.edu)
- We begin this lecture with an overview of recurrence relations, which provides us with a direct mathematical model for the analysis of algorithms. (coursera.org)
- While cryptography focuses on algorithms to modify an information by making it unintelligible without knowledge of a secret, the second focuses on mathematical methods to recover the original information from the only knowledge of the encrypted element.Cryptography itself is subdivided into two subsets: symmetric cryptography and asymmetric cryptography. (archives-ouvertes.fr)

###### Analysis5

- In addition, this course covers generating functions and real asymptotics and then introduces the symbolic method in the context of applications in the analysis of algorithms and basic structures such as permutations, trees, strings, words, and mappings. (coursera.org)
- I'm a professional expert in advance algorithms and analysis. (freelancer.com)
- Unfortunately, those algorithms suffer from long computation times making analysis of large datasets intractable. (researchgate.net)
- 2007 download Design and Analysis of Algorithms and s relationship. (brmpf.de)
- This paper addresses the use of radar Microwave Imaging (MWI) to detect and determine whether ALNs have been metastasized, presenting an analysis of the performance of different artifact removal and beamformer algorithms in distinct anatomical scenarios. (bvsalud.org)

###### List4

- For some reason this function (but not mcrypt_list_algorithms()) returns each element in the array twice. (php.net)
- The bookcase next to me has several thousand pages of algorithm descriptions and a list of those algorithms may not be what you want. (google.com)
- In addition, it is useful to have algorithms numbered for reference and for lists of algorithms to be appended to the list of contents. (stackexchange.com)
- On the positive end, knowing a vertex cover of size k allows for algorithms in the Adjacency List (AL) streaming model whose number of passes is constant and memory is O(log n) for any fixed k. (durham.ac.uk)

###### 20182

- This algorithm was used from mid-October 2018 onward . (fortcollinsrunningclub.org)
- It was a revision of the algorithm used from October 2012 to mid-October 2018 . (fortcollinsrunningclub.org)

###### Determines2

- A team led by Suresh Venkatasubramanian at the University of Utah has developed a test that determines whether an algorithm is discriminatory. (techradar.com)
- The social media network has been under fire for its new untransparent algorithm that determines which information is being prioritized in the user's timeline. (uva.nl)

###### Predictions1

- Using machine-learned predictions to create algorithms with better approximation guarantees is a very fresh and active field. (durham.ac.uk)

###### Combinatorial1

- Strassen's algorithm works for any ring , such as plus/multiply, but not all semirings , such as min-plus or boolean algebra , where the naive algorithm still works, and so called combinatorial matrix multiplication . (wikipedia.org)

###### Processes1

- The algorithm processes billions of posts per day - all to make the newsfeed as interesting as possible for every user. (hootsuite.com)

###### Study3

- We begin by considering historical context and motivation for the scientific study of algorithm performance. (coursera.org)
- A new study shows how easy it would be for price-setting algorithms to learn to collude with each other and keep prices at a disadvantage for customers. (popularmechanics.com)
- ENISA's " Algorithms, key size and parameters report " has provided useful input to Estonia's national study. (europa.eu)

###### Find4

- Find out how the LinkedIn algorithm works in 2023 and master it in 11 easy steps! (hootsuite.com)
- I need to find a book that contain all of the Algorithms used to use in the Olympic Contest. (google.com)
- What ways can we find out confirmed algorithms and use it to our advantage? (eyebeam.org)
- Since we are using Dijkstra s algorithm to find the shortest path from one point pstart to another pgoal, we can stop when the shortest path of pgoal has been discovered. (smith.edu)