Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.BooksClassification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Red Cross: International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.Vanilla: A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).Paeonia: A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Rhizoctonia: A mitosporic Ceratobasidiaceae fungal genus that is an important plant pathogen affecting potatoes and other plants. There are numerous teleomorphs.Reduviidae: A family of winged insects of the suborder HETEROPTERA, called assassin bugs, because most prey on other insects. However one subfamily, TRIATOMINAE, attacks humans and other vertebrates and transmits Chagas disease.RNA Viruses: Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.Pest Control, Biological: Use of naturally-occuring or genetically-engineered organisms to reduce or eliminate populations of pests.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Ascomycota: A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Biological Control Agents: Organisms, biological agents, or biologically-derived agents used strategically for their positive or adverse effect on the physiology and/or reproductive health of other organisms.Xylariales: An order of ascomycetous FUNGI which includes many economically important plant parasites as well as saprophytes.RNA, Double-Stranded: RNA consisting of two strands as opposed to the more prevalent single-stranded RNA. Most of the double-stranded segments are formed from transcription of DNA by intramolecular base-pairing of inverted complementary sequences separated by a single-stranded loop. Some double-stranded segments of RNA are normal in all organisms.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Aminopterin: A folic acid derivative used as a rodenticide that has been shown to be teratogenic.International Classification of Diseases: A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.Workflow: Description of pattern of recurrent functions or procedures frequently found in organizational processes, such as notification, decision, and action.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.ArchivesBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Plant Viruses: Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)

A conserved hairpin structure in Alfamovirus and Bromovirus subgenomic promoters is required for efficient RNA synthesis in vitro. (1/3)

The coat protein gene in RNA 3 of alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV; genus Alfamovirus, family Bromoviridae) is translated from the subgenomic RNA 4. Analysis of the subgenomic promoter (sgp) in minus-strand RNA 3 showed that a sequence of 37 nt upstream of the RNA 4 start site (nt +1) was sufficient for full sgp activity in an in vitro assay with the purified viral RNA-dependent RNA-polymerase (RdRp). The sequence of nt -6 to -29 could be folded into a potential hairpin structure with a loop represented by nt -16, -17, and -18, and a bulge involving nt -23. By introducing mutations that disrupted base pairing and compensatory mutations that restored base pairing, it was shown that base pairing in the top half of the putative stem (between the loop and bulge) was essential for sgp activity, whereas base pairing in the bottom half of the stem was less stringently required. Deletion of the bulged residue A-23 or mutation of this residue into a C strongly reduced sgp activity, but mutation of A-23 into U or G had little effect on sgp activity. Mutation of loop residues A-16 and A-17 affected sgp activity, whereas mutation of U-18 did not. Using RNA templates corresponding to the sgp of brome mosaic virus (BMV; genus Bromovirus, family Bromoviridae) and purified BMV RdRp, evidence was obtained indicating that also in BMV RNA a triloop hairpin structure is required for sgp activity.  (+info)

Antigens produced in plants by infection with chimeric plant viruses immunize against rabies virus and HIV-1. (2/3)

The coat protein (CP) of alfalfa mosaic virus was used as a carrier molecule to express antigenic peptides from rabies virus and HIV. The antigens were separately cloned into the reading frame of alfalfa mosaic virus CP and placed under the control of the subgenomic promoter of tobacco mosaic virus CP in the 30BRz vector. The in vitro transcripts of recombinant virus with sequences encoding the antigenic peptides were synthesized from DNA constructs and used to inoculate tobacco plants. The plant-produced protein (virus particles) was purified and used for immunization of mice. Both antigens elicited specific virus-neutralizing antibodies in immunized mice.  (+info)

Tubule-forming capacity of the movement proteins of alfalfa mosaic virus and brome mosaic virus. (3/3)

The structural phenotype of the movement proteins (MPs) of two representatives of the Bromoviridae, alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) and brome mosaic virus (BMV), was studied in protoplasts. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that the MPs of these viruses, for which there has been no evidence of a tubule-guided mechanism, assemble into long tubular structures at the surface of the infected protoplast. Electron microscopy and immunogold analysis confirmed the presence of both MP and virus particles in the tubules induced by AMV and BMV. The significance of the tubule-forming properties of these viral MPs is discussed.  (+info)

*Alfamovirus

Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Bromoviridae Genus: Alfamovirus Alfalfa mosaic virus Viruses in Alfamovirus have ... Alfamovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Bromoviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently only one ...

*Alfalfa mosaic virus

It is the only Alfamovirus of the Bromoviridae family. In 1931 Weimer J.L. was the first to report AMV in alfalfa (Medicago ...

*Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA

Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5' UTR stem-loop Neeleman, L; Linthorst HJ; Bol JF (2004). "Efficient translation of alfamovirus ...

*Taxonomic list of viruses

Alfamovirus Alfalfa mosaic virus Genus: Anulavirus Amazon lily mild mottle virus Pelargonium zonate spot virus Genus: ...

*List of MeSH codes (B04)

... alfamovirus MeSH B04.715.081.050.050 --- alfalfa mosaic virus MeSH B04.715.081.080 --- bromovirus MeSH B04.715.081.180 --- ... alfamovirus MeSH B04.715.464.040.050 --- alfalfa mosaic virus MeSH B04.715.464.080 --- bromovirus MeSH B04.715.464.100 --- ... alfamovirus MeSH B04.820.081.050.050 --- alfalfa mosaic virus MeSH B04.820.081.080 --- bromovirus MeSH B04.820.081.180 --- ... alfamovirus MeSH B04.820.464.040.050 --- alfalfa mosaic virus MeSH B04.820.464.080 --- bromovirus MeSH B04.820.464.150 --- ...

*List of genera of viruses

Contents Top 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 3alikevirus 77likevirus Ahjdlikevirus Alfamovirus ...

*Bromoviridae

Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Bromoviridae Genus: Alfamovirus Alfalfa mosaic virus Genus: Anulavirus Amazon lily ...
ID JX857635; SV 1; linear; genomic RNA; STD; VRL; 302 BP. XX AC JX857635; XX DT 18-NOV-2012 (Rel. 114, Created) DT 18-NOV-2012 (Rel. 114, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Alfalfa mosaic virus isolate LZ1 coat protein gene, partial cds. XX KW . XX OS Alfalfa mosaic virus OC Viruses; ssRNA viruses; ssRNA positive-strand viruses, no DNA stage; OC Bromoviridae; Alfamovirus. XX RN [1] RP 1-302 RA Zhaohui W., Keqin H.; RT "Identification of viral pathogens inducing Medicago sativa mosaic disease RT in Zhangye Gansu"; RL Unpublished. XX RN [2] RP 1-302 RA Zhaohui W., Keqin H.; RT ; RL Submitted (22-SEP-2012) to the INSDC. RL Central Laboratory of Technical Center, Gansu Exit-Entry Inspection and RL Quarantine Bureau, No. 2168, Nanhe Road, Lanzhou, Gansu 730010, China XX DR MD5; 6cbfd4060891d7958346d37c49178c70. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..302 FT /organism="Alfalfa mosaic virus" FT /host="Medicago sativa" FT /isolate="LZ1" FT /mol_type="genomic RNA" FT /country="China" FT ...
387440791 - EP 0832191 A4 2000-11-15 - RECOMBINANT VIRAL NUCLEIC ACIDS - [origin: WO9640867A1] The present invention relates to a recombinant viral nucleic acid selected from a (+) sense, single stranded RNA virus possessing a native subgenomic promoter encoding for a first viral subgenomic promoter, a nucleic acid sequence that codes for a viral coat protein whose transcription is regulated by the first viral subgenomic promoter, a second viral subgenomic promoter and a second nucleic acid sequence whose transcription is regulated by the second viral subgenomic promoter. The first and second viral subgenomic promoters of the recombinant viral nucleic acid do not have homologous sequences relative to each other. The recombinant viral nucleic acid provides the particular advantage that it systematically transcribes the second nucleic acid in the host. Host organisms encompassed by the present invention include procaryotes and eucaryotes, particularly animals and plants. The present invention also relates
Abstract Peptide fragments from alfalfa mosaic virus involved multiple antigenic components directing and empowering the immune system to protect the host from infection. MHC molec..
See on Scoop.it - Virology NewsIn brome mosaic virus, both the replication of the genomic (+)-RNA strands and the transcription of the subgenomic RNA are carried out by the viral replicase. The production of (−)-RNA strands is dependent on the formation of an AUA triloop in the stem-loop C (SLC) hairpin in the 3′-untranslated region…

Viruses  | Free Full-Text | Viruses Infecting the Plant Pathogenic Fungus Rhizoctonia solani | HTMLViruses | Free Full-Text | Viruses Infecting the Plant Pathogenic Fungus Rhizoctonia solani | HTML

There are currently six genera in the family, including Alfamovirus, Anulavirus, Bromovirus, Cucumovirus, Ilarvirus, and ...
more infohttps://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/11/12/1113/htm

Alfamovirus - Biology-Online DictionaryAlfamovirus - Biology-Online Dictionary

Alfamovirus a genus of the family bromoviridae with a wide host range. Transmission is by aphids and the type species is ... Retrieved from "https://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/index.php?title=Alfamovirus&oldid=64249" ...
more infohttps://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Alfamovirus

Alfamovirus - WikipediaAlfamovirus - Wikipedia

Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Bromoviridae Genus: Alfamovirus Alfalfa mosaic virus Viruses in Alfamovirus have ... Alfamovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Bromoviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently only one ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfamovirus

Alfalfa mosaic virus - WikipediaAlfalfa mosaic virus - Wikipedia

It is the only Alfamovirus of the Bromoviridae family. In 1931 Weimer J.L. was the first to report AMV in alfalfa (Medicago ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfalfa_mosaic_virus

Virus-Taxonomie - WikipediaVirus-Taxonomie - Wikipedia

Genus Alfamovirus. *Genus Anulavirus. *Genus Bromovirus (früher Tricornavirus). *Genus Cucumovirus, mit Species Peanut stunt ...
more infohttps://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virus-Taxonomie

The Big Picture Book of Viruses - Baltimore ListingThe Big Picture Book of Viruses - Baltimore Listing

Alfamovirus. alfalfa mosaic virus. Plants. Ilarvirus. tobacco streak virus. Plants. Bromovirus. brome mosaic virus. Plants. ...
more infohttp://www.virology.net/Big_Virology/BVFamilyGroup.html

Diseases of SoybeanDiseases of Soybean

Genus Alfamovirus; Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV). Bean common mosaic. Genus Potyvirus; Bean common mosaic virus (BCMV), peanut ...
more infohttps://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/resources/commonnames/Pages/Soybean.aspx

Diseases of BeanDiseases of Bean

Genus Alfamovirus; Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) Angular mosaic. Genus Carlavirus; Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV) Bean calico ...
more infohttps://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/resources/commonnames/Pages/Bean.aspx

Record detailsRecord details

AMV is a phytopathogen that can lead to necrosis and yellow mosaics on a large variety of plant species, including commercially important crops ...
more infohttp://bch.cbd.int/database/record.shtml?documentid=103885

Alfalfa mosaic virus, TEM - Stock Image - M080/0035 - Science Photo LibraryAlfalfa mosaic virus, TEM - Stock Image - M080/0035 - Science Photo Library

This plant virus is an alfamovirus, and has an RNA (ribonucleic acid) genome. It was first identified in 1931 in the alfalfa ...
more infohttps://www.sciencephoto.com/media/249630/view

EMBOSS: drfinddataEMBOSS: drfinddata

Alfamovirus ID RNAVirusDB Name RNA virus genome database (RNAVirusDB) Desc RNA virus genome database. URL http://tree.bio.ed.ac ...
more infohttp://emboss.sourceforge.net/apps/release/6.5/emboss/apps/drfinddata.html

Differentiation Study between Alfalfa Mosaic Virus and Red Clover Mottle Virus Affecting Broad Bean by Biological and Molecular...Differentiation Study between Alfalfa Mosaic Virus and Red Clover Mottle Virus Affecting Broad Bean by Biological and Molecular...

Alignment of the amino acid sequences of AMV-Eg with AMV Tc-2 of Alfamovirus genus and some viruses of the Ilarvirus genus. ... Phylogenetic tree constructed with deduced amino acid sequences of AMV-Eg with AMV Tc-2 of Alfamovirus genus and some viruses ... The amino acid sequence corresponding to 550 bp fragment was compared with Alfalfa mosaic virus, the sole member of Alfamovirus ... Isolation and host range studies showed that broad bean plants infected by two viruses, one of the Alfamovirus and the other of ...
more infohttps://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=ijv.2010.224.239&org=10

Viruses  | Free Full-Text | Deletions within the 3 Non-Translated Region of Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA4 Do Not Affect...Viruses | Free Full-Text | Deletions within the 3' Non-Translated Region of Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA4 Do Not Affect...

Neeleman, L.; Linthorst, H.J.; Bol, J.F. Efficient translation of alfamovirus RNAs requires the binding of coat protein dimers ...
more infohttp://mdpi.com/1999-4915/5/7/1802/htm

Research in Plant DiseaseResearch in Plant Disease

Alfamovirus. 속에 속하며, 세계적으로 광범위하게 분포되어 있다. 넓은 기주 범위를 가지며 즙액 및 종자에 의한 전염과 진딧물에 의한 전염이 가능한 것으로 알려져 있다(Mueller와 Grau, 2007; Hiruki와 ... Alfamovirus. 속의 알팔파 모자이크바이러스(. Alfalfa mosaic virus. , AMV)가 초석잠에 감염하는 것으로 보고되어 있다(Lirong 등, 1986; Fuji 등, 2003). 본 연구에서는 최근( ... Alfamovirus. 와 Ilarvirus. 는 Bromoviridae. 에 속하는 바이러스로 AMV의 1a 단백질 일부가 상동성이 있어 증폭된 것으로 추정되었다. 또한 각 바이러스의 외피 단백질에 대한 specific ...
more infohttp://www.online-rpd.org/journal/view.html?uid=1603&vmd=Full

Non-canonical Translation in Plant RNA VirusesNon-canonical Translation in Plant RNA Viruses

The non-polyadenylated Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV, genus Alfamovirus, family Bromoviridae) RNA requires the viral CP for ... Neeleman L., Linthorst H. J., Bol J. F. (2004). Efficient translation of alfamovirus RNAs requires the binding of coat protein ...
more infohttp://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5382211/

Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on...Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on...

Potato yellowing alfamovirus. Nematodes:. Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner. et Buhrer.) Nickle.. Globodera pallida (Stone.) ...
more infohttps://iea.uoregon.edu/treaty-text/2000-russiavietnamplantquarantine

Frontiers | Viral and Cellular Factors Involved in Phloem Transport of Plant Viruses | Plant ScienceFrontiers | Viral and Cellular Factors Involved in Phloem Transport of Plant Viruses | Plant Science

Alfamovirus, Cucumovirus, Closterovirus, Mastrevirus, Begomovirus, Dianthovirus, Carmovirus, Necrovirus, Tobamovirus, ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2013.00154/full

In Vitro Analysis of Translation Enhancers | Springer for Research & DevelopmentIn Vitro Analysis of Translation Enhancers | Springer for Research & Development

6. Neeleman, L., Linthorst, H. J., and Bol, J. F. (2004) Efficient translation of alfamovirus RNAs requires the binding of coat ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/protocol/10.1007/978-1-59745-102-4_8

Genus: Oleavirus<...Genus: Oleavirus<...

The 3′-termini of the RNAs are similar to those of the viruses belonging to genera Alfamovirus and Ilarvirus, but do not ...
more infohttps://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv-reports/ictv_online_report/positive-sense-rna-viruses/w/bromoviridae/1110/genus-oleavirus
  • The 3′-termini of the RNAs are similar to those of the viruses belonging to genera Alfamovirus and Ilarvirus , but do not interact with CP to activate replication. (ictvonline.org)
  • Ten additional viruses are listed in EPPO PM 4/28 Standard: Alfalfa mosaic alfamovirus, Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus, Potato aucuba mosaic potexvirus, Potato mop-top pomovirus, Potato V potyvirus, Tobacco mosaic tobamovirus, Tobacco necrosis necrovirus, Tobacco rattle tobravirus, Tomato black ring nepovirus, and Tomato mosaic tobamovirus. (eppo.int)