ArchivesBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)RNA Viruses: Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Plant Viruses: Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Amaranthus: A plant genus, in the family AMARANTHACEAE, best known as a source of high-protein grain crops and of Red Dye No. 2 (AMARANTH DYE). Tumbleweed sometimes refers to Amaranthus but more often refers to SALSOLA.Amaranth Dye: A sulfonic acid-based naphthylazo dye used as a coloring agent for foodstuffs and medicines and as a dye and chemical indicator. It was banned by the FDA in 1976 for use in foods, drugs, and cosmetics. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Weed Control: The prevention of growth and or spread of unwanted plants.Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Betaine-Aldehyde Dehydrogenase: An NAD+ dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of betain aldehyde to BETAINE.Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxylase: An enzyme with high affinity for carbon dioxide. It catalyzes irreversibly the formation of oxaloacetate from phosphoenolpyruvate and carbon dioxide. This fixation of carbon dioxide in several bacteria and some plants is the first step in the biosynthesis of glucose. EC 4.1.1.31.Plant Lectins: Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.Plant Pathology: The study of infectious diseases associated with plants.BooksNobel PrizeBook SelectionHistory, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Thiamine: 3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.Book Reviews as Topic: Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.Isatin: An indole-dione that is obtained by oxidation of indigo blue. It is a MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITOR and high levels have been found in urine of PARKINSONISM patients.Acanthaceae: A plant family of the order Lamiales. It is characterized by simple leaves in opposite pairs, cystoliths (enlarged cells containing crystals of calcium carbonate), and bilaterally symmetrical and bisexual flowers that are usually crowded together. The common name for Ruellia of wild petunia is easily confused with PETUNIA.Lettuce: Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Luteovirus: A genus of plant viruses that infects both monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants. Its organisms are persistently transmitted by aphids, and weeds may provide reservoirs of infection.Potyvirus: A large genus of plant viruses of the family POTYVIRIDAE which infect mainly plants of the Solanaceae. Transmission is primarily by aphids in a non-persistent manner. The type species is potato virus Y.Tospovirus: A genus of plant viruses in the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. Tomato spotted wilt virus is the type species. Transmission occurs by at least nine species of thrips.Mosaic Viruses: Viruses which produce a mottled appearance of the leaves of plants.Aphids: A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.Alfalfa mosaic virus: The type species of the genus ALFAMOVIRUS that is non-persistently transmitted by aphids.Peas: A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)Brassica: A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).Thysanoptera: An order of very small, fringed-wing INSECTS including many agricultural pests.Midwestern United States: The geographic area of the midwestern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not indicated. The states usually included in this region are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin.Cucumovirus: A genus of plant viruses of the family BROMOVIRIDAE, which infect cucurbits and solanaceous plants. Transmission occurs via aphids in a non-persistent manner, and also via seeds. The type species Cucumber mosaic virus, a CUCUMOVIRUS, should not be confused with Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus, a TOBAMOVIRUS.Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.Water Cycle: Circulation of water among various ecological systems, in various states, on, above, and below the surface of the earth.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Phaseolus: A plant genus in the family FABACEAE which is the source of edible beans and the lectin PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS.Medicago sativa: A plant species of the family FABACEAE widely cultivated for ANIMAL FEED.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Amino Acids, Cyclic: A class of amino acids characterized by a closed ring structure.Medical Records: Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Receptors, Pattern Recognition: A large family of cell surface receptors that bind conserved molecular structures (PAMPS) present in pathogens. They play important roles in host defense by mediating cellular responses to pathogens.3' Untranslated Regions: The sequence at the 3' end of messenger RNA that does not code for product. This region contains transcription and translation regulating sequences.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Hepatitis C: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.5' Untranslated Regions: The sequence at the 5' end of the messenger RNA that does not code for product. This sequence contains the ribosome binding site and other transcription and translation regulating sequences.RNA: A polynucleotide consisting essentially of chains with a repeating backbone of phosphate and ribose units to which nitrogenous bases are attached. RNA is unique among biological macromolecules in that it can encode genetic information, serve as an abundant structural component of cells, and also possesses catalytic activity. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)Hepacivirus: A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE causing parenterally-transmitted HEPATITIS C which is associated with transfusions and drug abuse. Hepatitis C virus is the type species.Immunity, Innate: The capacity of a normal organism to remain unaffected by microorganisms and their toxins. It results from the presence of naturally occurring ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS, constitutional factors such as BODY TEMPERATURE and immediate acting immune cells such as NATURAL KILLER CELLS.Mummies: Bodies preserved either by the ancient Egyptian technique or due to chance under favorable climatic conditions.Luteoviridae: A family of RNA plant viruses infecting disparate plant families. They are transmitted by specific aphid vectors. There are three genera: LUTEOVIRUS; Polerovirus; and Enamovirus.Wasps: Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.Buchnera: A genus of gram-negative bacteria which are obligately intracellular endosymbionts of APHIDS. The bacteria are found within specialized cells in the aphid body cavity.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)

Expression of alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein in tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) deficient in the production of its native coat protein supports long-distance movement of a chimeric TMV. (1/80)

Alfalfa mosaic virus (AlMV) coat protein is involved in systemic infection of host plants, and a specific mutation in this gene prevents the virus from moving into the upper uninoculated leaves. The coat protein also is required for different viral functions during early and late infection. To study the role of the coat protein in long-distance movement of AlMV independent of other vital functions during virus infection, we cloned the gene encoding the coat protein of AlMV into a tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-based vector Av. This vector is deficient in long-distance movement and is limited to locally inoculated leaves because of the lack of native TMV coat protein. Expression of AlMV coat protein, directed by the subgenomic promoter of TMV coat protein in Av, supported systemic infection with the chimeric virus in Nicotiana benthamiana, Nicotiana tabacum MD609, and Spinacia oleracea. The host range of TMV was extended to include spinach as a permissive host. Here we report the alteration of a host range by incorporating genetic determinants from another virus.  (+info)

Alfalfa mosaic virus RNAs serve as cap donors for tomato spotted wilt virus transcription during coinfection of Nicotiana benthamiana. (2/80)

Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) was shown to use alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) RNAs as cap donors in vivo during a mixed infection in Nicotiana benthamiana. By use of nested reverse transcription-PCR, TSWV N and NSs mRNAs provided with capped leader sequences derived from all four AMV RNAs could be cloned and sequenced. The sequence specificity of the putative TSWV endonuclease involved is discussed.  (+info)

Effect of C-terminal mutations of alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein on dimer formation and assembly in vitro. (3/80)

The coat protein (CP) of alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) strain 425 assembles to bacilliform or rod-shaped particles in the presence of nucleic acids or to T = 1 empty icosahedral particles in the absence of nucleic acids. To study the determinants of CP assembly, recombinant CPs (rCPs) that contained a (His)(6) region were expressed in Escherichia coli. Wt rCP and a mutant rCP, which lacked the last nine amino acids of the C terminus (amino acids 213-221), assembled to particles that were identical in electron micrographs. However, a mutant rCP, which lacked the last 18 amino acids of the C terminus (amino acids 204-221), did not assemble. Likewise, a mutant with alanine substitutions at W(191), F(197), and P(198) did not assemble. Furthermore rCP with a single alanine substitution at W(191) did not assemble, whereas the rCP, which had an arginine and an alanine substitution at A(196) and F(197), respectively, formed rod-shaped particles. The mutations that prevented assembly prevented dimer formation, which indicates that dimers are the minimal building blocks of particles. Our results indicate that two separate regions in the C terminus of AMV CP are critical for dimer formation and assembly and that changes in key amino acids in one of the regions affect both assembly and particle morphology.  (+info)

A conformational switch at the 3' end of a plant virus RNA regulates viral replication. (4/80)

3' untranslated regions of alfamo- and ilar-virus RNAs fold into a series of stem-loop structures to which the coat protein binds with high affinity. This binding plays a role in initiation of infection ('genome activation') and has been thought to substitute for a tRNA-like structure that is found at the 3' termini of related plant viruses. We propose the existence of an alternative conformation of the 3' ends of alfamo- and ilar-virus RNAs, including a pseudoknot. Based on (i) phylogenetic comparisons, (ii) in vivo and in vitro functional analyses of mutants in which the pseudoknot has been disrupted or restored by compensatory mutations, (iii) competition experiments between coat protein and viral replicase, and (iv) investigation of the effect of magnesium, we demonstrate that this pseudoknot is required for replication of alfalfa mosaic virus. This conformation resembles the tRNA-like structure of the related bromo- and cucumo-viruses. A low but specific interaction with yeast CCA-adding enzyme was found. The existence of two mutually exclusive conformations for the 3' termini of alfamo- and ilar-virus RNAs could enable the virus to switch from translation to replication and vice versa. The role of coat protein in this modulation and in genome activation is discussed.  (+info)

In vitro transcription by the turnip yellow mosaic virus RNA polymerase: a comparison with the alfalfa mosaic virus and brome mosaic virus replicases. (5/80)

Recently, we showed that the main determinant in the tRNA-like structure of turnip yellow mosaic virus RNA to initiate minus-strand synthesis in vitro is the 3' ACCA end. By mutational analysis of the 3'-terminal hairpin, we show here that only a non-base-paired ACCA end is functional and that the stability of the wild-type 3'-proximal hairpin is the most favorable, in that it has the lowest DeltaG value and a high transcription efficiency. With a nested set of RNA fragments, we show that the minimum template length is 9 nucleotides and that transcription is improved with increasing the length of the template. The results also suggest that proper base stacking contributes to efficient transcription initiation. Internal initiation is shown to take place on every NPyCPu sequence of a nonstructured template. However, the position of the internal initiation site in the template is important, and competition between the different sites takes place. Internal initiation was also studied with the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of brome mosaic virus (BMV) and alfalfa mosaic virus (AlMV). The BMV polymerase can start internally on ACCA sequences, though inefficiently. Unexpectedly, the polymerases of both AlMV and BMV can start efficiently on an internal AUGC sequence.  (+info)

The complete nucleotide sequence of apple mosaic virus (ApMV) RNA 1 and RNA 2: ApMV is more closely related to alfalfa mosaic virus than to other ilarviruses. (6/80)

The complete nucleotide sequences of apple mosaic virus RNA 1 and 2 have been characterized. Apple mosaic virus RNA 1 is 3476 nucleotides in length and encodes a single large open reading frame (ORF), whereas apple mosaic virus RNA 2 is 2979 nucleotides in length and also encodes a single ORF. The amino acid sequences encoded by RNA 1 and 2 show similarity to all of the other ilarviruses for which sequence data are available, but both are more closely related to alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) than to other ilarviruses. Points of similarity include the absence of ORF 2b, present on the RNA 2 of all previously characterized ilarviruses. The close relationship to AMV also occurs in the movement protein, encoded by RNA 3, but not with the coat protein. These data suggest that the present taxonomy should be revised, and that AMV should be considered an aphid-transmissible ilarvirus.  (+info)

Genetic dissection of the multiple functions of alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein in viral RNA replication, encapsidation, and movement. (7/80)

Coat protein (CP) of alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) binds as a dimer to the 3' termini of the three genomic RNAs and is required for initiation of infection, asymmetric plus-strand RNA accumulation, virion formation, and spread of the virus in plants. A mutational analysis of the multiple functions of AMV CP was made. Mutations that interfered with CP dimer formation in the two-hybrid system had little effect on the initiation of infection or plus-strand RNA accumulation but interfered with virion formation and reduced or abolished cell-to-cell movement of the virus in plants. Six of the 7 basic amino acids in the N-terminal arm of CP (positions 5, 6, 10, 13, 16, and 25) could be deleted or mutated into alanine without affecting any step of the replication cycle except systemic movement in plants. Mutation of Arg-17 interfered with initiation of infection (as previously shown by others) and cell-to-cell movement of the virus but not with plus-strand RNA accumulation or virion formation. The results indicate that in addition to the RNA-binding domain, different domains of AMV CP are involved in initiation of infection, plus-strand RNA accumulation, virion formation, cell-to-cell movement, and systemic spread of the virus.  (+info)

RNAs 1 and 2 of Alfalfa mosaic virus, expressed in transgenic plants, start to replicate only after infection of the plants with RNA 3. (8/80)

RNAs 1 and 2 of the tripartite genome of Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) encode the two viral replicase subunits. Full-length DNA copies of RNAs 1 and 2 were used to transform tobacco plants (R12 lines). None of the transgenic lines showed resistance to AMV infection. In healthy R12 plants, the transcripts of the viral cDNAs were copied by the transgenic viral replicase into minus-strand RNAs but subsequent steps in replication were blocked. When the R12 plants were inoculated with AMV RNA 3, this block was lifted and the transgenic RNAs 1 and 2 were amplified by the transgenic replicase together with RNA 3. The transgenic expression of RNAs 1 and 2 largely circumvented the role of coat protein (CP) in the inoculum that is required for infection of nontransgenic plants. The results for the first time demonstrate the role of CP in AMV plus-strand RNA synthesis at the whole plant level.  (+info)

*Alfalfa mosaic virus

... (AMV), also known as Lucerne mosaic virus or Potato calico virus, is a worldwide distributed phytopathogen ... Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5' UTR stem-loop ICTVdB Management (2006). " ... Jaspars E.M.J.; Bos L. (1980). "Alfalfa mosaic virus". AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses. Hyo Won Jung; Hye Jin Jung; Wan Soo ... Freeman A.; Aftab M. (2006). "Temperature pulse viruses: alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV)". Agriculture Notes: 1-3. Spangenberg G. ( ...

*Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA

The Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) coat protein binding (CPB) RNA is an RNA element which is found in the 3' UTR of the genome. AMV ... Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5' UTR stem-loop Neeleman, L; Linthorst HJ; Bol JF (2004). "Efficient translation of alfamovirus ... Page for Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA at Rfam. ...

*Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5' UTR stem-loop

Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA Vlot, AC; Bol JF (2003). "The 5′ Untranslated Region of Alfalfa Mosaic ... The Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5' UTR stem-loop represents a putative stem-loop structure found in the 5' UTR in RNA 1 of ... This family is required for negative strand RNA synthesis in the alfalfa mosaic virus and may also be involved in positive ... Page for Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5' UTR stem-loop at Rfam. ... alfalfa mosaic virus. RNA 1 is responsible for encoding the ...

*Soybean mosaic virus

"Soybean mosaic virus and Alfalfa mosaic virus". WISCONSIN FIELD CROPS PATHOLOGY. Retrieved 2017-12-11. Maroof, Saghai; A, M.; ... Soybean crinkle leaf virus ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: Soybean mosaic virus Family Groups - The Baltimore Method ... Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) is a member of the plant virus genus Potyvirus (family Potyviridae). It infects mainly plants ... Calvert LA, Ghabrial SA (1983). "Enhancement by Soybean mosaic virus of Bean pod mottle virus Titer in Doubly Infected Soybean ...

*Alfamovirus

Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Bromoviridae Genus: Alfamovirus Alfalfa mosaic virus Viruses in Alfamovirus have ... the type species Alfalfa mosaic virus. Diseases associated with this genus include: mosaics. ... Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded rna virus transcription, using the ... The virus exits the host cell by tubule-guided viral movement. Plants serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are ...

*Salicylic acid

"Induction by Salicylic Acid of Pathogenesis-related Proteins and Resistance to Alfalfa Mosaic Virus Infection in Various Plant ...

*Chamaecrista rotundifolia

It has also been affected by alfalfa mosaic virus in Africa and some cases of anthracnose in West Africa and there are reports ... In rat-feeding tests, round-leaf cassia was found to have equal nutritive value to alfalfa which is another more common forage ... "Alfalfa The Queen of Forage Crops". Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service. Retrieved 18 November 2013 from http://www2.ca.uky. ...

*List of cis-regulatory RNA elements

23S methyl RNA motif 6C RNA Actino-pnp RNA motif AdoCbl riboswitch Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA Alfalfa ... Bamboo mosaic virus satellite RNA cis-regulatory element Bovine leukaemia virus RNA packaging signal Citrus tristeza virus ... Hepatitis C virus 3'X element Hepatitis C virus stem-loop VII Hepatitis E virus cis-reactive element HIV gag stem loop 3 (GSL3 ... Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) primer binding site (PBS) RtT RNA Rubella virus 3' cis-acting element S-element SerC leader Simian ...

*List of MeSH codes (B04)

... maize streak virus MeSH B04.715.464.040 --- alfamovirus MeSH B04.715.464.040.050 --- alfalfa mosaic virus MeSH B04.715.464.080 ... vesicular stomatitis-indiana virus MeSH B04.820.464.040 --- alfamovirus MeSH B04.820.464.040.050 --- alfalfa mosaic virus MeSH ... yellow fever virus MeSH B04.820.250.400 --- gb virus a MeSH B04.820.250.405 --- gb virus b MeSH B04.820.250.410 --- GB virus C ... alfalfa mosaic virus MeSH B04.715.081.080 --- bromovirus MeSH B04.715.081.180 --- cucumovirus MeSH B04.715.081.400 --- ...

*AMV

... a British advertising agency Alfalfa mosaic virus, a plant virus of the family Bromoviridae All Mobile Video, a sound stage ...

*Acyrthosiphon kondoi

... and the aphid can be a vector of alfalfa mosaic virus, lucerne transient streak virus and lucerne Australian latent virus in ... as well as cucumber mosaic virus, bean yellow mosaic virus and watermelon mosaic virus in other crops. "Blue Aphid, ... ISBN 978-0-12-158861-8. Barlow, Vonny M. (24 April 2013). "Blue alfalfa aphid, Acyrthosiphon kondoi Shinji". Alfalfa & Forage ... The blue alfalfa aphid (Acyrthosiphon kondoi), also known as bluegreen aphid, is an aphid in the superfamily Aphidoidea in the ...

*Bromoviridae

Alfalfa mosaic virus Genus: Anulavirus Amazon lily mild mottle virus Pelargonium zonate spot virus Genus: Bromovirus Broad bean ... virus Apple mosaic virus Asparagus virus 2 Blackberry chlorotic ringspot virus Blueberry shock virus Citrus leaf rugose virus ... mottle virus Brome mosaic virus Cassia yellow blotch virus Cowpea chlorotic mottle virus Melandrium yellow fleck virus Spring ... necrotic ringspot virus Spinach latent virus Strawberry necrotic shock virus Tobacco streak virus Tulare apple mosaic virus ...

*Potato mop-top virus

... these symptoms are very similar to those caused by alfalfa mosaic virus). Interestingly, plants showing no symptoms of PMTV ... Potato mop-top virus (PMTV) is a plant pathogenic virus transmitted through the vector Spongospora subterranea that affects ... By taking control of the cell's cellular machinery, the virus can replicate. The virus then moves onto more potato cells and ... doi: 10.1007/s00705-015-2381-7 ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: Potato mop-top virus Family Groups - The Baltimore Method ...

*Willard Gibbs Award

... for the isolation of other viruses such as cucumber mosaic, alfalfa mosaic, tobacco necrosis, jaundice of silkworms ... with ... "For his outstanding contributions to the chemistry of viruses beginning with the isolation of tobacco virus and its ... their identification as distinct nucleoproteins; and for distinguished research on the influence virus with subsequent ...

*Pea enation mosaic virus

It is spread by green or pea aphids and affects legumes as pea, alfalfa, broadbean or sweet pea mostly in temperate regions. ... Pea enation mosaic virus (PEMV) is a plant pathogenic virus. The two RNAs of the disease are now categorised as two separate, ... ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: Pea enation mosaic virus Family Groups - The Baltimore Method. ... Powell, CA; Zoeten GA (July 1977). "Replication of pea enation mosaic virus RNA in isolated pea nuclei". Proceedings of the ...

*Mosaic virus

Alfalfa mosaic virus Beet mosaic virus Cassava mosaic virus (in the begomovirus genus) Cowpea mosaic virus Cucumber mosaic ... virus Panicum mosaic satellite virus Plum pox virus (in the potyvirus genus) Squash mosaic virus Tobacco mosaic virus (in the ... Mosaic viruses are plant viruses that cause the leaves to have a speckled appearance. Mosaic virus is not a taxon. Species ... Mosaic Viruses at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) "Mosaic Virus Diseases of Vine Crops" at ...

*Aphis craccivora

... peanut stunt virus, subterranean clover stunt virus, bean common mosaic virus, cucumber mosaic virus and alfalfa mosaic virus ... The aphid is the vector of a number of plant viruses including groundnut rosette virus, peanut mottle virus, ... It may move back to alfalfa later in the year. In Belarus, lupine is an important host plant and in Ukraine, Acacia is most ... The eggs hatch in early spring and the first larvae are known as fundatrix (stem mothers) and feed at first on alfalfa. These ...

*List of virus species

3 reptarenavirus Alfalfa cryptic virus 1 Alfalfa dwarf cytorhabdovirus Alfalfa mosaic virus Algerian watermelon mosaic virus ... virus Yaba monkey tumor virus Yam mild mosaic virus Yam mosaic virus Yam spherical virus Yam virus X Yambean mosaic virus ... mosaic virus Sida mosaic Alagoas virus Sida mosaic Bolivia virus 1 Sida mosaic Bolivia virus 2 Sida mosaic Sinaloa virus Sida ... mosaic necrosis virus Bean common mosaic virus Bean dwarf mosaic virus Bean golden mosaic virus Bean golden yellow mosaic virus ...

*Bean yellow mosaic virus

... alfalfa (Medicago sativa), vetch (Vicia sativa), lupine (Lupinus luteus), Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), Fenugreek ( ... Plant Viruses Online - Bean yellow mosaic potyvirus ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: Bean yellow mosaic virus Family ... Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) is a plant pathogenic virus in the genus Potyvirus and the virus family Potyviridae. Like other ... This virus makes two kinds of viral inclusions, laminiated aggregates and a nuclear inclusion. "Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV ...

*Soybean aphid

Soybean dwarf virus, Abaca mosaic virus, Alfalfa mosaic virus, Beet mosaic virus, Tobacco vein-banding virus, Tobacco ringspot ... virus, Bean yellow mosaic virus, Mungbean mosaic virus, Peanut mottle virus, Peanut stripe poty virus, and Peanut mosaic virus ... In China, the most important virus vectored by the soybean aphid is Soybean mosaic virus, which can cause yield loss and ... In addition to Soybean mosaic virus, the soybean aphid is capable of transmitting Soybean stunt virus, ...

*Taxonomic list of viruses

Alfalfa mosaic virus Genus: Anulavirus Amazon lily mild mottle virus Pelargonium zonate spot virus Genus: Bromovirus Broad bean ... mosaic virus Wild tomato mosaic virus Wisteria vein mosaic virus Yam mild mosaic virus Yam mosaic virus Yambean mosaic virus ... virus X Lily virus X Malva mosaic virus Mint virus X Narcissus mosaic virus Nerine virus X Opuntia virus X Papaya mosaic virus ... mosaic virus Glycine mosaic virus Pea green mottle virus Pea mild mosaic virus Quail pea mosaic virus Radish mosaic virus Red ...

*Geminiviridae

... mosaic virus Sida mosaic Alagoas virus Sida mosaic Bolivia virus 1 Sida mosaic Bolivia virus 2 Sida mosaic Sinaloa virus Sida ... Alfalfa leaf curl virus Euphorbia caput-medusae latent virus French bean severe leaf curl virus Plantago lanceolata latent ... virus Bean calico mosaic virus Bean chlorosis virus Bean dwarf mosaic virus Bean golden mosaic virus Bean golden yellow mosaic ... mosaic virus Rose leaf curl virus Senecio yellow mosaic virus Sida golden mosaic Braco virus Sida golden mosaic Buckup virus ...

*Peanut stunt virus

... the type member of which is Cucumber mosaic virus . The three members of this genus are positive-stranded RNA viruses with a ... alfalfa or perennial peanuts) and then is spread further into the field by aphids. It can be spread in perennial crops by ... Description of Plant Viruses:What are viruses? Description of Plant Viruses: Bromovirideae Description of Plant Viruses: ... ICTVdB ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: Peanut stunt virus Plant Viruses Online - Peanut stunt cucumovirus Family Groups ...

*List of model organisms

SV40 T4 phage Tobacco mosaic virus Herpes simplex virus Escherichia coli (E. coli) - This common, Gram-negative gut bacterium ... Genetics, Molecular biology, Agronomy) Medicago truncatula is a model legume, closely related to the common alfalfa. Its rather ... Mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running have larger midbrains: support for the mosaic model of brain evolution. ...

*Pharming (genetics)

... used Tobacco mosaic virus to develop reagents and patient-specific vaccines for Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Papillomavirus vaccine ... Alfalfa page on Medicago website Archived October 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Company website Press on Pharming Purchase ... Dow AgroSciences - poultry vaccine against Newcastle disease virus (first PMP to be approved for marketing by the USDA Center ... plants in greenhouses Medicago has a system for pharming in alfalfa that their website says is "not suited for the production ...

*Genetically modified crops

Many strains of corn have been developed in recent years to combat the spread of Maize dwarf mosaic virus, a costly virus that ... "UPDATE 3-U.S. farmers get approval to plant GMO alfalfa". Reuters. 2011-01-27. Retrieved 2016-02-11. "Infographics: Global ... The viruses are watermelon, cucumber and zucchini/courgette yellow mosaic. Squash was the second GM crop to be approved by US ... Papaya, potatoes, and squash have been engineered to resist viral pathogens such as cucumber mosaic virus which, despite its ...
Abstract Peptide fragments from alfalfa mosaic virus involved multiple antigenic components directing and empowering the immune system to protect the host from infection. MHC molec..
ID JX857635; SV 1; linear; genomic RNA; STD; VRL; 302 BP. XX AC JX857635; XX DT 18-NOV-2012 (Rel. 114, Created) DT 18-NOV-2012 (Rel. 114, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Alfalfa mosaic virus isolate LZ1 coat protein gene, partial cds. XX KW . XX OS Alfalfa mosaic virus OC Viruses; ssRNA viruses; ssRNA positive-strand viruses, no DNA stage; OC Bromoviridae; Alfamovirus. XX RN [1] RP 1-302 RA Zhaohui W., Keqin H.; RT "Identification of viral pathogens inducing Medicago sativa mosaic disease RT in Zhangye Gansu"; RL Unpublished. XX RN [2] RP 1-302 RA Zhaohui W., Keqin H.; RT ; RL Submitted (22-SEP-2012) to the INSDC. RL Central Laboratory of Technical Center, Gansu Exit-Entry Inspection and RL Quarantine Bureau, No. 2168, Nanhe Road, Lanzhou, Gansu 730010, China XX DR MD5; 6cbfd4060891d7958346d37c49178c70. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..302 FT /organism="Alfalfa mosaic virus" FT /host="Medicago sativa" FT /isolate="LZ1" FT /mol_type="genomic RNA" FT /country="China" FT ...
Transgenic Plants that Express the Coat Protein Genes of Tobacco Mosaic Virus or Alfalfa Mosaic Virus Interfere with Disease Development of Some Nonrelated Viruses. Edwin J. Anderson, David M. Stark, Richard S. Nelson, Patricia A. Powell, Nilgen E. Tumer, and Roger N. Beachy. Pages 1284-1290. VIEW ABSTRACT , VIEW ARTICLE. ...
Under conditions of natural alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) spread, five plant species found associated with annual Medicago spp. (medics) were infected commonly and another seven sporadically. Ten of these were new records. Because seed of herbaceous plant hosts provides a possible route for virus persistence through dry summer conditions, AMV seed transmission was tested for in alternative hosts. Of ten species systemically infected by sap inoculation with AMV, seed transmission was detected in Melilotus indica (l0%), Ornithopus compressus (0 1%) and Stachys arvensis (2%). Seed of seven naturally infected potential alternative host species was tested, and seed transmission found in Crassula decumbens (0. 1%), M. indica (3%), 0. compressus (0.2%), S. arvensis (0.4%) and Trifolium subterraneum (2%). Carry-over of AMV through seed transmission was detected in seedlings of Hypochaeris glabra (0.2%) and M. indica (0.6-0.8%) that germinated naturally in the field. In grazed, self-regenerated Medicago ...
Citation: Shah, D.A., Dillard, H.R., Mazumdar-Leighton, S., Gonsalves, D., Nault, B.A. 2006. Incidence, spacial patterns and association among viruses in snap beans and alfalfa in New York. Plant Disease 90:203-210. Interpretive Summary: In recent years, symptoms induced by viruses have been associated with yield losses on a wide scale in processing snap bean in the Midwest and Northeast US. Epidemics caused by viruses have coincided with the recent introduction of the soybean aphid, raising the question of how important aphid-transmitted viruses may be in causing the disease and yield reduction in snap bean. We surveyed commercial snap bean fields in New York for the aphis-transmitted viruses Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV), Cucumber mosaic virus (CYVV) and the Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV)/Clover yellow vein virus (CYVV) complex in 2002 and 2003, using ELISA. Since alfalfa is a possible source of these viruses, we included snap bean fields that were either adjacent to or remote from alfalfa. ...
Diseases caused by aphid-transmitted viruses such as Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) have increased in snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in the Midwestern United States. Plants immediately surrounding agricultural fields may serve as primary virus inocula for aphids to acquire and transmit to bean crops.
Plant Disease, Volume 96, Issue 4, Page 506-514, April 2012.http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-02-11-0089 | Plant health
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Aphid mummy (Acyrthosiphon pisum) on a bean leaf. The aphid was parasitized by an aphid wasp which laid its egg inside the live aphid. The newly hatched wasp larvae used the aphid body contents for food, eventually killing the aphid. This insect transmits alfalfa mosaic virus (rhabdovirus) and pea enation mosaic (isometric) virus. Magnification: x5 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image F017/4055
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a perennial herb that is indigenous to the Middle East. Because of its deep root system, Alfalfa is better able to absorb minerals from the soil than other plants. Therefore, Alfalfa is a rich source of vitamins and minerals, as well as Chlorophyll. NOW® Alfalfa Leaf Caps contain only Organic Alfalfa, so its free of pesticide and herbicide residues.
Includes: alfalfas complex root system, alfalfa nutrients, alfalfa facts, resources, where to find alfalfa supplements online, and conclusion.
IT IS A BEST PRESENTATION ABOUT ALFALFA AND AELOVARE. IT IS TOTALLY HTPERLINKED.YOU WILL FIND EVERY THINGING IT SO SEE IT AND YOU CAN ALSO DOWNLOAD IT. THANKS …
Здравсвуйте пользователи форума amv.at.ua, вчера пользователь под ником Olechkalype просила меня выложить супермодные новинки Компьютерные аксессуары/Графические планшеты в 2014, а так же сотовые бренда Intuos Pro Special Ed., так вот наконецто нашла время для этого, админы прошу не удалять, а перенести в соответствующий раздел, если я ошиблась например Компьютерные аксессуары/Графические планшеты ))) всех обнимаю ...
pyroglutamyl-tyrosyl-prolinamide: from alfalfa; RN given refers to (D)-tyrosyl isomer; RN for cpd without isomeric designation not avail 10/92
Пожалуй, самым разочаровывающим итогом 2013 года стало сползание в экономический застой. На протяжении года снижались как темпы роста промышленности, так и ВВП. Если в начале года еще казалось, что экономика вот-вот разгонится и из состояния «технической рецессии» войдет в фазу роста, то уже весной тональность заявлений финансовых властей смен ...
Filed samples and seedlings of 51 leguminous forage species were tested for alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) in routine monitoring of seed multiplication fields of the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Ethiopia. The virus was detected in 24 species and a solanaceous weed Solanum nigrum. Of these, the following 17 species are being reported for the first time as hosts of the virus in world literature: Aeschynomene falcata, Centrosema pascuorum, Chamaecrista rotundifolia, Desmanthus virgatus, Desmodium intortum, Leucaena leucocephala, Macroptilium atropurpureum, Macroptilium lathyroides, Macrotyloma axillare, Medicago truncatula, Neonotonia wightii, Sesbania sesban, Stylosanthes scabra, Trifolium calocephala, T. steudneri, T. tembense and Vigna parkeri. The solanaceous weed S. nigrum was suspected to play a role in the virus epidemiology. The level of seed infection varied from 0.00 percent to about 13.00 percent. Infectivity studies on 5 isolates of the virus revealed heterogeneity in ...
While we certainly do not equate the seriousness of Zika with agricultural problems, the Zika virus can serve as a reminder about aspects of the many plant-infecting viruses, from alfalfa mosaic to zucchini yellow mosaic, that affect vegetables.. ...
Ameristand 403T Alfalfa Seed - Ameristand 403T may be the best alfalfa available. University trials revealed Ameristand 403T scored the highest in best yield, best winter survival rating, and best grazing tolerance. Ameristand 403T Alfalfa is also adapted to much of the US, including all of the Northern US and much of the South.
Ermmm... teringat plak KakNgah masa mula2 consume Alfalfa nih... semuanya gara-gara nak menyusukan anak kecil KakNgah, Alhamdulillah... sangat2 membantu. Tapi apa yang buat KakNgah lagi berpuas hati apabila masalah keputihan KakNgah dapat di atasi dengan Alfalfa Complex, sebenarnya KakNgah pun tak tahu Alfalfa Complex dapat membantu dalam masalah keputihan. Selepas join member baru KakNgah tahu…
Bevan, M.W.; Mason, S.E.; Goelet, P., 1985: Expression of tobacco mosaic virus coat protein by a cauliflower mosaic virus promoter in plants transformed by Agrobacterium
The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is a significant insect pest of soybean in the north-central region of the United States and southern Canada, and if left untreated can reduce yield value by $2.4 billion annually. The soybean aphid is native to eastern Asia, where soybean was first domesticated, and was first detected in the United States in 2000. It quickly spread within 4 years of its discovery across 22 states and three provinces of Canada. Heavy infestations can result in a covering of sooty mold, yellow and wrinkled leaves, stunted plants, and aborted pods leading to significant yield loss of 40% or more. It can also transmit plant viruses such as Soybean mosaic virus and Alfalfa mosaic virus. The soybean aphid has a complex life cycle that involves different physical forms, sexual stages, and two host plant species-soybean and buckthorn (the overwintering host). Plant nutrition, natural enemies, climate, and weather all affect population growth rate, but the
Prune dwarf virus (PDV) is an Ilarvirus systemically infecting almond trees and other Prunus species and spreading through pollen, among other means. We have studied strategies based on coat protein (cp) gene to block PDV replication in host plant cells. A Portuguese isolate of PDV was obtained from infected almond leaves and used to produce the cDNA of the cp gene. Various constructs were prepared based on this sequence, aiming for the transgenic expression of the original or modified PDV coat protein (cpPDVSense and cpPDVMutated) or for the expression of cpPDV RNA (cpPDVAntisense and cpPDVwithout start codon). All constructs were tested in a PDV host model, Nicotiana benthamiana, and extensive molecular characterization and controlled infections were performed on transformants and their progenies. Transgenic plants expressing the coat protein RNA were able to block the proliferation of a PDV isolate sharing only 91% homology with the isolate used for cpPDV cloning, as evaluated by DAS-ELISA on newly
BioAssay record AID 147488 submitted by ChEMBL: Inhibitory concentration of compound against influenza viral coat protein neuraminidase.
... Alfalfa has a powerful reputation as a healing herb. It is a healthy and nutritious source of chlorophyll, beta carotene, calcium, and the vitamins D, E and K. Alfalfa has laxative, diuretic and antiseptic effects.
The National Alfalfa & Forage Alliance is an alliance between the growers, North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference, genetic suppliers and university segments of the alfalfa and alfalfa seed industry.
With alfalfa hay prices double or even triple what anyone has ever seen and supplies at their lowest level in decades, alfalfa growers have a robust market in which to deploy a variety of genetic options and production strategies, according to nationally known alfalfa expert Dan Undersander.
With alfalfa hay prices double or even triple what anyone has ever seen and supplies at their lowest level in decades, alfalfa growers have a robust market in which to deploy a variety of genetic options and production strategies, according to nationally known alfalfa expert Dan Undersander.
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... Vitakraft Small Animal Alfalfa Slims are crunchy, vegetable flavored treats enriched with vitamins and minerals that are healthy and fun to chew for your pet bunny.   Nibble stick treats for pet rabbits Crunchy ve...
Angela Brett -- Appetite is just one of the many A-words on the all-encompassing lists of what alfalfa might possibly improve. Apparently there is one documented case of alfalfa overdose which resulted in mild anaemia and leucopenia ...
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The legume alfalfa has been used throughout history as a dietary and medicinal aid. It may help lower blood glucose and cholesterol levels, and people...
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By Dan Martens, University of Minnesota Extension. FOLEY, Minn. (06/04/15) - A few very small alfalfa weevil larva have been found is some fields. Sometimes we see alfalfa weevil larva, armyworms, or cutworms chewing off new growth. With a cool spring, alfalfa weevil are further behind and may not limit regrowth much this year; but could be a problem later in the second crop. Remember, there are problems with spraying routinely when insects are not present at threshold levels. Its bad for the bank account, bad for resistance reasons, and bad for the environment.. For all alfalfa insects it is important to consider the pre-harvest window for insecticides. If close to harvest, it could be better to harvest a little earlier if the weather allows and then watch the next crop. Spraying earlier or later in the day can reduce risk to foraging bees and other pollinators. Even when alfalfa isnt blooming, clovers or other plants mixed in the field can be. Here are some scouting notes.. ALFALFA WEEVIL. ...
Schwabe German Alfalfa Tonic eliminates symptoms of fatigue and leads to an increase in appetite while stomach complaints are improved simultaneously. Wholesome nutrition for the entire family
Feel free to use and share this content, but please do so under the conditions of our Creative Commons license and our Rules for Use. Thanks ...
Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is the principal oilseed in North Dakota with 1.3 million ha planted in 2003. To benchmark current soybean viruses, surveys were conducted in 2001 and 2002. In August 2001 leaves were collected arbitrarily from 124 soybean fields from 13 eastern counties. In 2002, leaves from plants showing virus-like symptoms were collected from 84 fields in Cass, Grand Forks, Richland, and Traill counties. All leaves were frozen at -80°C until processed. Sap was extracted in 0.02 M phosphate buffer and samples were tested for presence of viruses with DAS ELISA kits from Agdia (Elkhart, IN). Leaf samples from 2001 were tested for presence of Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) and Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) while samples from 2002 were tested for BPMV, SMV, Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) and Tobacco streak virus (TSV). Also, food grade seed was collected from 21 seed lots grown in the Red River Valley in 2001. Seeds were hydrated in distilled water, seed coats were removed and ground in ...
A carboxy-terminal peptide of the poliovirus replicase protein (p63) was chemically synthesized, coupled to bovine serum albumin carrier, and injected into rabbits. The resulting antisera reacted with six virus-specific proteins from HeLa cells infected with poliovirus: NCVP 0b, NCVP 1b, NCVP 2, a protein of about 60,000 daltons, p63, and NCVP 6b. The identity of the 60,000-dalton protein is not known, but the other results were consistent with previous experimental approaches which demonstrated that p63 and the other four polypeptides have common coding sequences. An amino-terminal peptide of p63 failed to elicit an immune response in rabbits. Antibodies raised against the p63 carboxy-terminal peptide inhibited poliovirus replicase and polyuridylic acid polymerase activities in vitro, providing strong support for earlier suggestions that these activities are a property of a single virus-specific polypeptide. ...
Read "Structural characterization of Tobacco etch virus coat protein mutants, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
For nearly 1,500 years, cultures all over the world have been using alfalfa as a herbal remedy for many illnesses. The herb is believed to have originated from the Middle East where the Arabs referred to it as "the father of all foods" as they knew it was useful in a variety of forms. Physicians in early Chinese cultures used young alfalfa leaves in the treatment of digestive and kidney disorders. It was also believed to be useful in arthritis patients. Although the herb originated in the Middle East, it appeared in the thirteen colonies in 1736 and was used by the English and Americans to treat upset stomach ...
Alfalfa Blotch Leafminer by Bryan Jensen, Integrated Pest Management Program University of Wisconsin - Madison Introduction The alfalfa blotc
mosaics - MedHelps mosaics Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for mosaics. Find mosaics information, treatments for mosaics and mosaics symptoms.
A modified Berlese funnel system was developed to extract alfalfa weevil larvae (Hypera postica) from quadrats 30.5 cm on a side. Data from this system were comp.wed with simultaneous data from a hand sorting extraction system. In most instances, the modified Berlese system was as efficient as the hand sorting method and the number of man hours required to process samples by hand was far greater than that required by the Berlese system.
Hey there not sure if anyone knows much about Gonadal Mosaic but thats what the geneticist told me I have meaning that some of my eggs have the mutation and s…
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A virus survey was conducted during the spring and autumn of 2001 and 2002 to determine the presence, prevalence and distribution in Spain of the viruses that are most commonly found infecting lettuce and Brassica worldwide. Crop plants showing virus symptoms from the principal lettuce and Brassica-growing regions of Spain, and some samples of the annual and perennial flora nearby, were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays using specific commercial antibodies against the following viruses: Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV), Broad bean wilt virus 1 (BBWV-1), Beet western yellows virus (BWYV), Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV), Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Lettuce mosaic virus (LMV), Pea seed-borne mosaic virus (PSbMV), Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) and Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV). Samples were also tested with a Potyvirus genus antibody. Virus incidence was much lower in spring than in autumn, especially in 2001. In spring 2002, CMV and LMV were the most prevalent viruses in lettuce, while CaMV ...
Citation: Tatineni, S., French, R.C. 2014. The c-terminus of wheat streak mosaic virus coat protein is involved in differential infection of wheat and maize through host-specific long-distance transport. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 27:150-162. Interpretive Summary: Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) is the most economically important virus infecting wheat in the Great Plains. In addition to wheat, WSMV can infect barley, corn and oats. Viral coat proteins serve many functions in almost every aspect of the virus life-cycle. Understanding the roles of coat proteins in the virus life-cycle could provide important clues for developing new management strategies by interrupting the disease cycle. In this study, we found that single amino acid changes in the coat protein had a dramatic effect on how WSMV infects corn, whereas these same amino acid changes had no effect on wheat. Furthermore, we showed that certain amino acid substitutions prevented virus entry into the vascular system of corn. ...
Abel, P. P., Nelson, R. S., De, B., Hoffmann, N., Rogers, S. G., Fraley, R. T., and Beachy, R. N. 1986. Delay of disease development in transgenic plants that express the tobacco mosaic virus coat protein gene. Science 232:738-743. Almeida, A. M. R., Piuga, F. F., Marin, S. R. R., Kitajima, E. W., Gaspar, J. O., Oliveira, T. G., and Moraes, T. G. 2005. Detection and partial characterization of a carlavirus causing stem necrosis of soybean in Brazil. Fitopatol. Bras. 30:191-194.. Almeida, A. M. R., Piuga, F. F., Kitajima, E. W., Gaspar, J. O., Valentin, N., Benato, L. C., Marin, S. R. R., Binneck, E., Oliveira, T. G., Belintani, P., Guerzoni, R. A., Nunes, J., Hoffmann, L., Nora, P. S., Nepomuceno, A. L., Meyer, M. C., and Almeida, L. A. 2003. Necrose da haste da soja. Embrapa Soja: Londrina, PR, Brazil. Aragão, F. J. L., and Faria, J. C. 2009. First transgenic geminivirus-resistant plant in the field. Nat. Biotechnol. 27:1086-1088.. Aragão, F. J. L., and Faria, J. C. 2010. Proposta de ...
Under conditions of low ionic strength and a pH ranging between about 3.7 and 5.0,solutions of purified coat proteins of cowpea chlorotic mottle virus (CCMV) form sphericalmultishell structures in the absence of viral RNA. The outer surfaces of the shells in thesestructures are negatively charged, whereas the inner surfaces are positively charged due to a disordered cationic N-terminal domain of the capsid protein, the arginine-rich RNA-binding motif that protrudes into the interior. We show that the main forces stabilizing these .... ...
builds and maintains bones and teeth; helps clot blood, aids in vitality and endurance; regulates heart rhythm, soothes nerves.Iron - required in manufacturing hemoglobin; helps carry oxygen in the blood.Manganese is a trace element that is thought to be involved with the bodys use of carbohydrates from food. This helps alfalfa lower blood sugar levels. Because alfalfa may have a lowering effect on blood sugar, alfalfa may increase the effectiveness of medications used for the treatment of diabetes.Potassium - necessary for normal muscle tone, nerves, heart action and enzyme reactions; digests fats.Phosphorus - needed for normal bone and tooth structure. Interrelated with action of calcium and Vitamin D. Improves nourishment of nerve tissue.Chlorine (chloride) - an essential electrolyte which cleans and purifies the body; regulates fat, sugar and starch metabolism.Sodium - regulates fluid balance throughout body; neutralizes acids, prevents clotting of blood; activates spleen, bowels and ...
Alfalfa growers are encouraged to check the Alfalfa Weevil Fact Sheet prepared by Dr. Julie Soroka (AAFC-Saskatoon) and additional information can be accessed by reviewing the Alfalfa Weevil Page extracted from the "Field crop and forage pests and their natural enemies in western Canada - Identification and management field guide" (Philip et al. 2015). That guide is available in both a free English-enhanced or French-enhanced version. ...
5. Alfalfa. Alfalfa is an herbal gout cure that I decided to give a try earlier for this past year. Ive probably used it for a total of six months so far and I have to say the results have been amazing! It is quite the herb. I was at a nutritional meeting with some friends and a nutrition expert and the subject of alfalfa was brought up. I was unaware that alfalfa would help with gout. The expert discussed how this potent herb was great for arthritis and it got my mind churning. I decided to give it a try for gout. After all, gout is a form of arthritis. After a month I actually weaned myself off the cherry juice to see what would happen. I wanted to check alfalfas potency by itself. To my surprise I think it worked better than cherries. In fact, from time to time Id take ibuprofen even while drinking cherry concentrate for gout. Usually when I felt a small flare up coming on. It had done wonders to keep an acute attack at bay. However, with alfalfa, I hardly ever have to take ibuprofen. This ...
FAIRVIEW, Alta. - The Peace Region Forage Seed Association has taken steps to educate people about genetically modified alfalfa. It has hired Bill and
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Fall dormancy and freezing tolerance characterized as two important phenotypic traits, have great effects on productivity and persistence of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Despite the fact that one of the most limiting traits for alfalfa freezing tolerance in winter is fall dormancy, the interplay between fall dormancy and cold acclimation processes of alfalfa remains largely unknown. We compared the plant regrowth, winter survival, raffinose and amino acids accumulation, and genome-wide differentially expressed genes of fall-dormant cultivar with non-dormant cultivar under cold acclimation. Averaged over both years, the non-dormant alfalfa exhibited largely rapid regrowth compared with fall dormant alfalfa after last cutting in autumn, but the winter survival rate of fall dormant alfalfa was about 34-fold higher than that of non-dormant alfalfa. The accumulation of raffinose and amino acids were significantly increased in fall dormant alfalfa, whereas were decreased in non-dormant alfalfa under cold
The Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences reported an interesting study in 2008 regarding alfalfas potential to limit the development and progression of atherosclerosis. The study involved 20 male rabbits separated into four distinctive groups, two of which were supplemented with alfalfa in addition to their regular diets similar to the other two groups. This process lasted for 12 full weeks, after which blood samples were collected in order to evaluate the results. The alfalfa groups ended up with slightly diminished total and LDL (bad) cholesterol levels but most importantly with significantly higher HDL (good) cholesterol levels. It was also clearly apparent that the formation of fatty streaks within the arteries was heavily reduced under the influence of alfalfa ...
Ive been pleased with it so far," McPhail said. "Were seeing an increase in nitrogen in the soil and overall it has proven to be a wise decision. Our livestock can graze on it when were not cutting and get some of the protein they need in their diets. Its a versatile crop that is easy to maintain and use.". While he is pleased with his alfalfa crop, McPhail said he would do one thing differently next time.. "Id plant 15-inch rows," he said. "We planted on 7½-inch rows and the bermudagrass was suppressed more than I would like for it to be. So were going to bigger rows next time.". Research conducted at Clemson University by Bill Stringer, professor emeritus, indicates alfalfa can be successfully established in 8-inch, 16-inch or 24-inch rows with bermudagrass becoming more competitive as the row spacing increases. Wider rows decrease shading by the alfalfa. However, the impact of these wider rows on alfalfa stand life were not measured in the two-year study and are unknown.. "Its a ...
China Natural Spray Dried Alfalfa Powder (Fruit and Vegetable Powder), Find details about China Alfalfa Powder, Fruit Juice Powder from Natural Spray Dried Alfalfa Powder (Fruit and Vegetable Powder) - Qinghai General Health Bio-Science Co., LLC.
Culinary / Nutrition. - High in vitamins (B, A, D, E, and K) and minerals (biotin, folic acid, iron, magnesium, potassium).. - Brewed as a tea drink.. - Dried alfalfa is considered as good, if not better, than fresh alfalfa.. Folkloric traditional benefits and uses of alfalfa. - Decoction used to boost energy.. - Anecdotal reports on use as diuretic, treatment of bladder problems, diabetes, dyspepsia, and asthma.. - In South American traditional medicine, used for diuresis, kidney and vesicular swelling, and lung ailments.. Other uses. - Fodder: Primary use as feed for high-producing dairy cows, because of high protein content and easily digestible fiber. Popular as livestock forage: horses, goats, sheep, cattle.. - Plant serves as a commercial source of chlorophyll and carotene. (6). Concerns. - Contraindications:. FDA issued an advisory for children, the elderly, and those with compromised immune systems to avoid eating alfalfa sprouts because of frequent bacterial contamination (S. enterica, ...
We already have published several articles about alfalfa weevils, armyworms, and black cutworms, but an update and another reminder to keep a close watch on these pests are in order. Alfalfa weevils. As I indicated in last weeks issue of the Bulletin (no. 6, May 4, 2007), alfalfa weevils have been actively feeding in many alfalfa fields in the southern half of Illinois, and their feeding in the crowns may delay regrowth significantly. Mike Roegge, University of Illinois Extension educator in Quincy, observed lots of alfalfa weevil larvae feeding in a field in Adams County, and the field had not been showing signs of regrowing since the freezing temperatures earlier this spring. He indicated that the field needed to be treated and that other fields in western Illinois already have been treated with insecticides. Economic thresholds (which should be used with a grain of salt in freeze-damaged alfalfa) and insecticides suggested for alfalfa weevil control were published in issue 2 of the Bulletin ...
Alfalfa also called lucerne, is a perennial flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world.
Graham PH, Sadowksy MJ, Keyser HH, Barnet YM, Bradley RS, Cooper JE, De Ley DJ, Jarvis BDW, Roslycky EB, Strijdom BW, Young JPW ...
Alhamdulillah. segala pujian untukNya dengan Rahmat dan Nikmat yang dikurniakan. Petang ni saya nak share Keistimewaan ALFALFA pada wanita sepanjang saya mengamalkan ALFALFA.. Syukur Alhamdulillah masalah keputihan yang saya alami sejak anak dara lagi telah pun selesai.. Pelbagai produk telah digunakan tetapi keputihan tetap ada..Masalah keputihan saya menjadi lebih parah apabila saya mengandung. Semakin meningkat…
MS2 COAT PROTEIN, MS2 COAT PROTEIN, MS2 COAT PROTEIN, 5-R(*AP*CP*AP*UP*GP*AP*GP*GP*AP*U ONEP *AP*CP*CP*CP*AP*UP*GP*U)-3, 5-R(*AP*CP*AP*UP*GP*AP*GP*GP*AP*U ONEP *AP*CP*CP*CP*AP*UP*GP*U)-3 ...
This festive Mexican jello looks like multi-colored mosaic gelatin. It does take a bit of time so youll want to make it a day ahead (maybe even two).
I realize this might become too big to handle, but Ive been mulling over the idea of having another round of oils analyzed as it pertains to engine protecting for the Airheads. Obviously everyones interested in ZDDP, but there are certainly other parameters to consider. My records show that Jeff DiCarlo presented something in the ON late 1999 followed by several updates by Matt Parkhouse in 2002 as well as 2009. I work at a company that, along with a wide variety of contract research,
Did you know alfalfa has a codependency issue? Alfalfa forage crops depend on seed production. Growing alfalfa seed depends on bees for pollination. Bees depend on the pollen and nectar resources of alfalfa flowers for reproduction and survival.
Viruses are among the simplest biological systems and are highly effective vehicles to deliver genetic material into susceptible host cells. Artificial viruses can be used as model systems for providing insights into natural viruses and can be considered a testing ground for developing artificial life. Moreover, they are used in biomedical and biotechnological applications, such as delivery of nucleic acids for gene therapy and as scaffolds in material science. Recently, for the first time, we have been able to develop an artificial viral coat protein that coats individual nucleic acids in a similar way as natural viral coat proteins do. The artificial virus particles produced using these proteins protect their nucleic acid cargo and feature significant transfection efficiency. In the present project we want to build on this exciting result and achieve a further highly ambitious milestone: the replication of an artificial virus particle in E. coli, from an artificial viral genome.. This project ...
Reminder - The larval stage of this weevil feeds on alfalfa leaves in a manner that characterizes the pest as a "skeletonizer". The green larva featuring a dorsal, white line down the length of its body has a dark brown head capsule and will grow to 9mm long. Alfalfa growers are encouraged to check the Alfalfa Weevil Fact Sheet prepared by Dr. Julie Soroka (AAFC-Saskatoon). ...
Examination of an alfalfa field in northeast Nebraska this week revealed some alfalfa weevil larvae (under threshold at just over one larvae/sweep) and a surprisingly high population of pea aphids. This was somewhat unexpected due to the recent winds and rain which often dislodge aphids from plant stems, resulting in reduced pea aphid numbers. See story for biocontrol information and aphid scouting and treatment recommendations.
With its bright green leaves and sweet, grassy aroma, Alfalfa is perfect for your favorite tea blend or sprinkle on salads, soups and more! It is commonly used for cattle and livestock feed.
Another drought year ahead or not, adding more forages to the grazing mix helps during the annual summer slump, says a University of Missouri Extension forage specialist.Rob Kallenbach, Columbia, advocates more alfalfa, although the legume called
Alfalfa is extremely high in vitamins and minerals, especially Vitamin K, which helps to coagulate bleeding. It is recommended to take this herb at least six weeks before the due date to build up the reserves of Vitamin K, which can help prevent postpartum bleeding
Alfalfa sprouts benefits include improving digestion, boosting growth and repair, managing diabetes, and healing the skin. It is rich in antioxidants and vitamin C.
These moths will mate and then begin ovipositing in soybean and/or alfalfa fields. Eggs hatch in approximately 10-14 days and the larvae will again start feeding on leaves of either crop. By this time of year, the larval feeding is usually of little consequence relative to yield. However, really late planted soybeans, and all alfalfa fields, should be closely monitored to ensure leaf feeding in either crop does not affect pod fill in soybeans or leaf area in alfalfa.. Soybean Podworms. These insect pests seem to be on about the same developmental schedule as green cloverworms. So, late planted soybeans may be at risk for bean feeding within the pods.. ...
I have been having hell with Moons health, but I think I have it figured out. Last fall, I figured out the ulcer thing, so was doing all the reading and research on that. I bought some alfalfa for the benefits it provides as far as gastric ulcers...Didnt take me more than a couple of weeks to remember WHY I havent had Moon on alfalfa all along...It has a horrible effect on his respiratory. I had just momentarily forgot that. His breathing becomes labored and when I was riding him, it was like he was completely winded. This time the alarm bells went off quickly and I immediately removed alfalfa from his diet (which pissed him off to no end), put him on an immune booster and contacted an herbalist to see what is the best things to feed to assist the respiratory system ...
Diseases start from heart, from mind, from the conception of the world and from mental imbalance. A suppression of feelings, emotions and inner feelings lead in time to the accumulation of stress, frustration, negative and pessimistic thoughts, all this leads to physical and mental illness.
Sebagai ibu menyusu, saya sedar dan tahu ibu-ibu menyusu yang lain juga memerlukan sokongan dari segi moral dan juga pemakanan yang seimbang untuk menjayakan fasa penyusuan susu ibu. Jadi, untuk anda yang memilih UmmiIrfan.Com, setiap pembelian anda akan disertakan sekali tips dan jadual makan vitamin yang betul untuk mendapatkan hasil seperti yang diinginkan. ☺︉ ...
Background Feeding alfalfa hay is often recommended for its buffering components, like protein and calcium, to prevent lesions of the gastric mucosa in horses. Until now, there has been no information...
Transcribed from accompanying material: In folder of press releases about alfalfa, stapled together [with] not: Alfalfa Weevil Pictures.; Transcribed from accompanying press release: Dr. W. V. Campbell, entomologist at North Carolina State, inspects a sticky trap used in studying the movements of the alfalfa weevil ...
Monsanto Canada Inc. and Forage Genetics International have developed an alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) event with reduced lignin compared to conventional alfalfa at the same stage of growth.
The alfalfa plant, bearing blue and purple blossoms, is considered a nutritional supplement and a body cleanser. Its leaves, growing in groups of three, are thought to nourish the body by stimulating the appetite, acting as a laxative and diuretic and providing such nutrients as fiber, protein, calcium and vitamin A (beta carotene). Target Ailments ...
4Easysoft DVD to AMV Converter is especially developed to convert DVD to AMV/MTV that most of S1 MP3 players can import and play. It can rip any of your favorite DVDs to AMV or MP3, MP2, WAV audios for smooth playback.
I have been a frequent visitor to this site for the past year and a half, but have never posted before. Ive learned a lot from the stories shared in here, primarily pertaining to situations that occurred at Mosaic prior to my joining them in Spring of 2006. A little over a month ago, I chose to leave Mosaic after finally coming to terms that its "community of faith, love and hope" didnt embrace me fully as a human being. While the reasons for my departure are not in any way like the ones described in this site, nevertheless the pain and hurt experienced in the process of leaving is. Im also quite familiar with the duality of Erwins personality (on stage vs off stage). That in itself, made me weary of him a long time ago, though I did fall victim to his charming persona in the beginning. There are a lot of things Im grateful to Mosaic. First, I came to Christ while at Mosaic. Also, it provided me with the opportunity to meet some quality human beings. In the two years at Mosaic, I managed to ...
Magic Forum: a little info on herbs - ALFALFA AKA: Buffalo grass, Chilean clover RX: leaves (not sprouts) in infusions, tablets and capsules Alfalfa leaves have wonderful healing powers....
My myspace is: myspace****/deathfiend77 This is my very first AMV to Mushroomhead 12 Hundred.. I used Windows movie maker, and this is what I got. I think it came out as best as it possibly could considering that I had 1 episode of Bleach ( a very bad filler), and like 3 episodes of blood. So Enjoy :) Mushroomhead Mushroomhead Mushroomhead Mushroomhead Mushroomhead Mushroomhead Mushroomhead Mushroomhead Mushoomhead Mushroomhead Mushroomhead Mushroomhead Mushroomhead Mushroomhead
MS2 COAT PROTEIN, MS2 COAT PROTEIN, MS2 COAT PROTEIN, 5-R(*AP*CP*AP*UP*CP*GP*CP*GP*AP*UP *UP*AP*CP*GP*GP*AP*UP*GP*U)-3, 5-R(*AP*CP*AP*UP*CP*GP*CP*GP*AP*UP *UP*AP*CP*GP*GP*AP*UP*GP*U)-3 ...

Patent US7332654 - Lettuce cultivar 40-0401159-B - Google PatentsPatent US7332654 - Lettuce cultivar 40-0401159-B - Google Patents

Coat protein-mediated resistance has been conferred upon transformed plants against alfalfa mosaic virus, cucumber mosaic virus ... tobacco streak virus, potato virus X, potato virus Y, tobacco etch virus, tobacco rattle virus and tobacco mosaic virus. Id. ... S. A lettuce mosaic potyvirus (LMV) coat protein gene introduced into Lactuca sativa in order to increase its resistance to LMV ... P. A virus-specific antibody. See, for example, Tavladoraki et al., Nature 366:469 (1993), who show that transgenic plants ...
more infohttp://www.google.com/patents/US7332654

Alfalfa mosaic virus - WikipediaAlfalfa mosaic virus - Wikipedia

Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5 UTR stem-loop. References[edit]. *^ ICTVdB Management (2006). "Alfalfa mosaic virus". In: ICTVdB- ... Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV), also known as Lucerne mosaic virus or Potato calico virus, is a worldwide distributed phytopathogen ... Freeman A.; Aftab M. (2006). "Temperature pulse viruses: alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV)". Agriculture Notes: 1-3.. ... "Alfalfa mosaic virus". AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses.. *^ Hyo Won Jung; Hye Jin Jung; Wan Soo Yun; Hye Ja Kim; Young ll ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfalfa_mosaic_virus

Alfalfa mosaic virus, TEM - Stock Image - M080/0035 - Science Photo LibraryAlfalfa mosaic virus, TEM - Stock Image - M080/0035 - Science Photo Library

Coloured transmission electron micrograph (TEM) of virus particles (virions) of the alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV). ... Alfalfa mosaic virus. Coloured transmission electron micrograph (TEM) of virus particles (virions) of the alfalfa mosaic virus ... The virus is transmitted by several species of aphids, and also, in alfalfa plants, by pollen into the seeds. Magnification: ... It was first identified in 1931 in the alfalfa plant (Medicago sativa), an important forage crop for livestock. This virus also ...
more infohttps://www.sciencephoto.com/media/249630/view

First report of the infection of alfalfa mosaic virus in Salvia sclarea in Hungary | SpringerLinkFirst report of the infection of alfalfa mosaic virus in Salvia sclarea in Hungary | SpringerLink

First report of the infection of alfalfa mosaic virus in Salvia sclarea in Hungary. ... Similar symptoms caused by alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) infections were reported earlier affecting clary sage in Italy and ... basilicum strongly suggested the infection with alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV).. For molecular characterization, RT-PCR primers ... The presence of the virus in Salvia sclarea was confirmed by Northern blot using the cloned PCR product as a probe. Based on ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs42161-018-0117-8

Molecular breeding of transgenic white clover ( Trifolium repens L.) with field resistance to Alfalfa mosaic virus through the...Molecular breeding of transgenic white clover ( Trifolium repens L.) with field resistance to Alfalfa mosaic virus through the...

... such as Alfalfa mosaic virus(AMV), cause significant reductions in the productivity and vegetative persistence of white clover ... LB - left border of T-DNA region; P35S2 - enhanced Cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter; AMV CP - Alfalfa mosaic virus CP gene ... McLaughlin MR (1991) A greenhouse method for aphid inoculation of alfalfa mosaic virus in white clover by co-culture of virus, ... Crill P, Hanson EW, Hagedorn DJ (1971) Resistance and tolerance to alfalfa mosaic virus in alfalfa. Phytopathol 61:369-371 ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11248-011-9557-z

Viruses  | Free Full-Text | Deletions within the 3 Non-Translated Region of Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA4 Do Not Affect...Viruses | Free Full-Text | Deletions within the 3' Non-Translated Region of Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA4 Do Not Affect...

... and examined the effect of these deletions on replication and translation of chimeric Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) expressing ... These data suggest that the 3 NTR of AlMV sgRNA4 contains potential elements necessary for virus encapsidation. ... long-distance movement and virus accumulation varied significantly in N. benthamiana. ... Alfalfa mosaic virus (AlMV) RNAs 1 and 2 with deletions in their 3 non‑translated regions (NTRs) have been previously shown to ...
more infohttp://mdpi.com/1999-4915/5/7/1802/htm

Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA - WikipediaAlfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA - Wikipedia

The Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) coat protein binding (CPB) RNA is an RNA element which is found in the 3 UTR of the genome. AMV ... Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5 UTR stem-loop Neeleman, L; Linthorst HJ; Bol JF (2004). "Efficient translation of alfamovirus ... Page for Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA at Rfam. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfalfa_mosaic_virus_coat_protein_binding_(CPB)_RNA

Differentiation Study between Alfalfa Mosaic Virus and Red Clover Mottle Virus Affecting Broad Bean by Biological and Molecular...Differentiation Study between Alfalfa Mosaic Virus and Red Clover Mottle Virus Affecting Broad Bean by Biological and Molecular...

Differentiation Study between Alfalfa Mosaic Virus and Red Clover Mottle Virus Affecting Broad Bean by Biological and Molecular ... Alfalfa Mosaic Virus. The amino acid sequence corresponding to 550 bp fragment was compared with Alfalfa mosaic virus, the sole ... of Alfalfa mosaic virus Egyptian isolate (AMV-Eg, GQ923686), Alfalfa mosaic virus of Leiden strain 425 (AMVTc-2, AAA46289), ... Squash mosaic virus (SqMV-R, BAB62139), Squash mosaic virus isolate CH 99/211 (SqMV-P1, ABZ89551), Squash mosaic virus of RdRp ...
more infohttps://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=ijv.2010.224.239&org=10

Temperate Pulse Viruses: Alfalfa Mosaic Virus (AMV)Temperate Pulse Viruses: Alfalfa Mosaic Virus (AMV)

... Note Number: AG1206. Published: August 2006. Updated: September 2010. ... Table1: Percentage of pulse crops infected with alfalfa mosaic virus in south eastern Australia and within crop virus incidence ... Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) was first identified infecting lucerne in the USA, and is now distributed worldwide. The main source ... Temperate Pulse Viruses: Alfalfa Mosaic Virus (AMV) ... Temperate Pulse Viruses: Alfalfa Mosaic Virus (AMV) * Temperate ...
more infohttp://agriculture.vic.gov.au/agriculture/pests-diseases-and-weeds/plant-diseases/grains-pulses-and-cereals/temperate-pulse-viruses-alfalfa-mosaic-virus-amv

Non-canonical Translation in Plant RNA VirusesNon-canonical Translation in Plant RNA Viruses

3′-UTR mediated translation of the Alfalfa mosaic virus genome The non-polyadenylated Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV, genus ... The Panicum mosaic virus-like Translation Enhancer (PTE) was first identified in Panicum mosaic virus (PMV, genus Panicovirus, ... Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV, genus Potyvirus, family Potyviridae), and Triticum mosaic virus (TriMV; genus Poacevirus, family ... Chen S.-C., Olsthoorn R. C. (2010). In vitro and in vivo studies of the RNA conformational switch in Alfalfa mosaic virus. J. ...
more infohttp://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5382211/

Amaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)Amaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)

Alfalfa mosaic virus. Pathogen Aphis craccivora. Herbivore Aphis gossypii. Herbivore Bemisia tabaci. Herbivore ...
more infohttps://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/4648

The Big Picture Book of Viruses - Baltimore ListingThe Big Picture Book of Viruses - Baltimore Listing

alfalfa mosaic virus. Plants. Ilarvirus. tobacco streak virus. Plants. Bromovirus. brome mosaic virus. Plants. ... Viral Diseases - Virus Names - Virus Families - Virus Hosts - Viruses By Genome Type Big Picture Book of Viruses - FAQ - Submit ... Group I: dsDNA Viruses *Group II: The ssDNA Viruses *Group III: dsRNA Viruses *Group IV: (+)sense RNA Viruses *Group V: (-) ... Nudaurelia capensis b-like viruses. Nudaurelia capensis b virus. Invertebrates. Nudaurelia capensis w-like viruses. Nudaurelia ...
more infohttp://www.virology.net/Big_Virology/BVFamilyGroup.html

Diseases of SoybeanDiseases of Soybean

Alfalfa mosaic. Genus Alfamovirus; Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV). Bean common mosaic. Genus Potyvirus; Bean common mosaic virus ( ... Euphorbia mosaic. Genus Begomovirus; Euphorbia mosaic virus (EuMV). Glycine mosaic. Genus Comovirus; Glycine mosaic virus (GMV) ... Pepper golden mosaic virus (PepGMV). Quail pea mosaic. Genus Comovirus; Quail pea mosaic virus (QPMV). Rhynchosia golden mosaic ... Genus Carmovirus; Soybean yellow mottle mosaic virus (SYMMV). Tobacco mosaic. Genus Tobamovirus; Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), ...
more infohttps://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/resources/commonnames/Pages/Soybean.aspx

Diseases of BeanDiseases of Bean

Alfalfa mosaic. Genus Alfamovirus; Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) Angular mosaic. Genus Carlavirus; Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV ... Bean rugose mosaic virus (BRMV) Bean severe mosaic. Genus Comovirus; Cowpea severe mosaic virus (CPSMV), Quail pea mosaic virus ... Bean common mosaic virus (BCMV) Bean dwarf mosaic Genus Begomovirus; Bean dwarf mosaic virus (BDMV) Bean golden mosaic Genus ... Bean golden yellow mosaic virus (BGYMV) Bean mild mosaic Genus Carmovirus; Bean mild mosaic virus (BMMV) Bean necrosis mosaic. ...
more infohttps://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/resources/commonnames/Pages/Bean.aspx

DIGITAL.CSIC: The incidence and distribution of viruses infecting lettuce, cultivated Brassica and associated natural...DIGITAL.CSIC: The incidence and distribution of viruses infecting lettuce, cultivated Brassica and associated natural...

Alfalfa mosaic virus. Broad bean wilt virus 1. Beet western yellows virus. Cauliflower mosaic virus. Cucumber mosaic virus. ... Lettuce mosaic virus. Pea seed-borne mosaic virus. Turnip mosaic virus. Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV). Virus reservoirs. ... Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Lettuce mosaic virus (LMV), Pea seed-borne mosaic virus (PSbMV), Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) and ... Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV), Broad bean wilt virus 1 (BBWV-1), Beet western yellows virus (BWYV), Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV ...
more infohttps://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/11280

Crop and Non-Crop Plants as Potential Reservoir...Crop and Non-Crop Plants as Potential Reservoir...

... and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) have increased in snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in the Midwestern United States. Plants ... immediately surrounding agricultural fields may serve as primary virus inocula for aphids to acquire and transmit to bean crops ... Diseases caused by aphid-transmitted viruses such as Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) ... Diseases caused by aphid-transmitted viruses such as Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) have increased ...
more infohttp://www.scoop.it/t/plant-health/p/1450915984/2012/03/19/crop-and-non-crop-plants-as-potential-reservoir-hosts-of-alfalfa-mosaic-virus-and-cucumber-mosaic-virus-for-spread-to-commercial-snap-bean

Organism RegistryOrganism Registry

Alfalfa mosaic virus Alfalfa mosaic virus 103752 Amaranthus hybridus Slim Amaranth 111928 Ananas comosus Pineapple ... Watermelon mosaic virus 2 (WMV-2) NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH WATERMELON MOSAIC VIRUS 1 ... Ustilago maydis Virus 4 (UmV4) 100342 Vaccinia virus Poxvirus Vaccinia virus is well known for its role as a vaccine (its ... Bovine viral diarrhea virus 2 BVDV-2 The virus genome is positive-strand RNA that is translated to form a single virus ...
more infohttps://bch.cbd.int/database/organism-registry/

Record detailsRecord details

Alfalfa mosaic virus - Wikipedia. Alfalfa Mosaic Virus - Desk Encyclopedia of Plant and Fungal Virology. ... AMV is a phytopathogen that can lead to necrosis and yellow mosaics on a large variety of plant species, including commercially ... First reported in 1931 by Weimer J.L. in alfalfa (Medicago sativa) ...
more infohttp://bch.cbd.int/database/record.shtml?documentid=103885

Filman D[au] - PubMed - NCBIFilman D[au] - PubMed - NCBI

Cofolding organizes alfalfa mosaic virus RNA and coat protein for replication.. Guogas LM, Filman DJ, Hogle JM, Gehrke L. ... Catching a virus in the act of RNA release: a novel poliovirus uncoating intermediate characterized by cryo-electron microscopy ... The crystal structure of an unusual processivity factor, herpes simplex virus UL42, bound to the C terminus of its cognate ... Molecular tectonic model of virus structural transitions: the putative cell entry states of poliovirus. ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=search&term=Filman+D%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50

Program in VirologyProgram in Virology

Guogas, L. M., Filman, D. J., Hogle, J. M., and Gehrke, L. (2004). Cofolding organizes alfalfa mosaic virus RNA and coat ... Reichert, V. L., Choi, M., Petrillo, J. E., and Gehrke, L. (2007). Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein bridges RNA and RNA- ... including dengue fever virus, West Nile virus, and hepatitis C virus. All of the viral RNAs studied in the lab lack a poly(A) ... We are working to test a hypothesis stating that the lack of the poly(A) tail gives the virus a functional advantage(s) over ...
more infohttps://www.hms.harvard.edu/dms/virology/fac/Gehrke.php

Plant Virology, Book by Roger Hull (Other) | chapters.indigo.caPlant Virology, Book by Roger Hull (Other) | chapters.indigo.ca

E. Replication of Brome Mosaic Virus. F. Replication of Cucumber Mosaic Virus. G. Replication of Alfalfa Mosaic Virus. H. ... Assembly of Icosahedral Viruses. A. Bromoviruses. B. Alfalfa Mosaic Virus. C. Other Viruses. D. RNA Selection During Assembly ... Viruses of Lower Plants. A. Viruses of Algae. B. Viruses of Fungi. C. Viruses of Ferns. D. Viruses of Gymnosperms. E. Summary. ... K. Replication of Turnip Yellow Mosaic Virus. L. Replication of Other (+)-Strand RNA Viruses. M. Discussion. V. Replication of ...
more infohttps://www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/plant-virology/9780080535999-item.html
  • Nucleic acid sequence analysis of smallest and biggest bands revealed of 100 and 95% sequence identity with other Red Clover Mottle Virus (RCMV) and Alfalfa Mosaic Virus (AMV) isolates, respectively. (scialert.net)
  • The RCMV is a member of the genus Comovirus , family Secoviridae, which represents nonenveloped plant viruses with icosahedral capsids and bipartite, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genomes. (scialert.net)
  • Finally, future research perspectives on the unusual translational strategies of +ssRNA viruses are discussed, including parallelisms between viral and host mRNAs mechanisms of translation, particularly for host mRNAs which are translated under stress conditions. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The virus is spread by a number of common aphid species, as well as being seed transmitted in some species. (vic.gov.au)
  • During surveys of the Wimmera cropping region over a number of years the following aphid vectors of AMV were found, they include blue green aphid ( Acyrthosiphon kondoi ), cowpea aphid ( Aphis craccivora ), foxglove aphid ( Aulacorthum solani ), ornate aphid ( Myzus ornatus ), green peach aphid ( Myzus persicae ), and spotted alfalfa aphid ( Thryoaphis trifolii forma maculata ). (vic.gov.au)
  • This virus also infects a wide range of other plants, including tomato, tobacco, pea and potato plants. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Previously, we constructed a self-replicating vector, pA7248AMV, based on the genetic elements of potato virus X (PVX), and have shown that this vector can be used for the expression of recombinant proteins in Nicotiana benthamiana . (frontiersin.org)
  • 1997. Viruses in the northern potato-producing regions of Saudi Arabia. (edu.sa)
  • 1998. Potato viruses in central Saudi Arabia. (edu.sa)
  • Identification of alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) and other viruses from wild and cultivated plant species and reaction of the available potato cultivars to AMV in Saudi Arabia. (edu.sa)
  • 2000. Viruses associated with potato diseases in the east and south of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. (edu.sa)
  • Transmission of the virus occurs mainly by some aphids (plant lice), by seeds or by pollen to the seed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The virus is transmitted by several species of aphids, and also, in alfalfa plants, by pollen into the seeds. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Aphids spread the viruses from seed-infected plants to healthy plants. (vic.gov.au)
  • This means that spread of the virus is generally over short distances, as aphids only remain infective for periods from a few minutes up to a few hours. (vic.gov.au)
  • Although aphids rarely colonise chickpea plants, they still probe them as they move through the crop spreading the viruses. (vic.gov.au)
  • Plants immediately surrounding agricultural fields may serve as primary virus inocula for aphids to acquire and transmit to bean crops. (scoop.it)
  • We are working to test a hypothesis stating that the lack of the poly(A) tail gives the virus a functional advantage(s) over the cellular RNAs. (harvard.edu)
  • AMV is a very variable plant virus and several strains with minor differences exist (strain Q, strain S, strain 425, strain AlMV-B, strain AlMV- S,...). Distinction is based on different symptoms in one or two chosen hosts and also on, for example, differential physico-chemical properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Online Resource 2 Summary of Alfalfa mosaic virus strains used for isolation of the AMV CP gene and for viral inoculation experiments. (springer.com)
  • This is a list of representative viruses (grouped by genome structure) compiled from: 'Virus Taxonomy', the Sixth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) 1995. (virology.net)
  • Viral diseases, such as Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV), cause significant reductions in the productivity and vegetative persistence of white clover plants in the field. (springer.com)
  • (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • 2013 ), and in fact the host range of a given virus may be determined by its ability to efficiently translate viral mRNAs using host translation factors, as we have shown recently for a plant virus (Truniger et al. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Occurrence Of Viruses Infecting Watermelon, Other Cucurbits, and Weeds in the Parts of Southern United States. (plantmanagementnetwork.org)
  • 1997. Viruses infecting cucurbits in Riyadh, Gassim and Hail regions of Saudi Arabia. (edu.sa)
  • First Report of Zucchini Yellow Mosaic Virus on cucurbits in the central region of Saudi Arabia. (edu.sa)
  • Similar symptoms caused by alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) infections were reported earlier affecting clary sage in Italy and Bulgaria (Bellardi et al. (springer.com)
  • Bellardi MG, Autonell CR, Bertaccini A (1999) Virus and phytoplasma infections on officinal plants in Emilia-Romagna. (springer.com)
  • Online Resource 3 Summary of climatic data collected near the Hamilton, Victoria and Howlong, NSW sites for field evaluation of transgenic virus-resistant white clover plants. (springer.com)
  • Differentiation and Distribution of Cordyline Viruses 1-4 in Hawaiian ti Plants ( Cordyline fruticosa L. (mdpi.com)
  • Here, we constructed various mutants by deleting sequences within the 3′ NTR of AlMV subgenomic (sg) RNA4 (same as of RNA3) and examined the effect of these deletions on replication and translation of chimeric Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) expressing AlMV sgRNA4 from the TMV CP sg promoter (Av/A4) in tobacco protoplasts and Nicotiana benthamiana plants. (mdpi.com)
  • This study aimed to identifying the causal virus (es) inducing wilting and necrotic symptoms on broad bean plants. (scialert.net)
  • Two viruses were isolated and biologically purified by single local lesion method on Phaseolus vulgaris plants. (scialert.net)
  • 2016 ). From a strategic point of view, understanding how viruses translate their own proteins may significantly contribute to the identification of therapeutic (Robert et al. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • However, until now no trails to study status of that virus or other unidentified viruses on faba bean have been done. (scialert.net)
  • The Cornell thrips-resistant tomato lines, with and without the virus resistance genes, will be used by Mutschler-Chu and an interdisciplinary team of eight other scientists from seven other institutions nationwide as part of a new five-year, $3.75 million project to control thrips and TOSPO viruses in tomatoes. (scoop.it)
  • The edible AIDS vaccine with the HIV glycoprotein gp120 gene has been condemned as dangerous by a number of AIDS virologists [7-because the gp120 gene and gene product can undermine our immune system and generate new viruses and bacteria that cause diseases. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • The AMV is one of the most biologically variable plant viruses and numerous natural variants having different pathogenicity ( Hajimorad and Francki, 1991 ). (scialert.net)
  • Worldwide, this crop is known to be naturally infected by about 44 viruses ( Cockbain, 1983 ), which cause considerable yield losses. (scialert.net)
  • Roger Hull graduated in Botany from Cambridge University in 1960, and subsequently studied plant virus epidemiology at London University's Wye College, gaining a PhD in 1964. (indigo.ca)
  • A virus survey was conducted during the spring and autumn of 2001 and 2002 to determine the presence, prevalence and distribution in Spain of the viruses that are most commonly found infecting lettuce and Brassica worldwide. (csic.es)
  • 2002. Squash leaf curl virus (SqLCV) and other begomoviruses in Saudi Arabia. (edu.sa)
  • The induction of modified plasmodesmata during cell-cell movement of alfalfa mosaic virus. (wur.nl)
  • These data suggest that the 3′ NTR of AlMV sgRNA4 contains potential elements necessary for virus encapsidation. (mdpi.com)
  • We have identified a non-structured region in the hepatitis C virus (HCV) 3' untranslated region RNA that activates innate immune signaling by interacting with the RNA helicase RIG-I. We hypothesize that RIG-I senses both the 5' 3P and RNA sequence or structure, and current work is focused on understanding how RIG-I and other RNA helicases are activated to initiate an immune response. (harvard.edu)
  • Canarypox virus (CNPV) is an avipoxvirus and etiologic agent of canarypox, a disease of birds both in the wild and in commercial aviaries, where significant losses result. (cbd.int)
  • They also transmit such diseases as the tomato spotted wilt virus, causing millions of dollars in damage to U.S. agricultural crops each year. (scoop.it)
  • Yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) in Saudi Arabia. (edu.sa)
  • Its backbone is about 5 kb shorter than the original vector and it contains an expression cassette for the silencing suppressor, P24, from grapevine leafroll-associated virus-2 alongside PVX genetic elements, thus eliminating the need of co-agroinfiltration. (frontiersin.org)
  • We also describe other translation strategies used by plant viruses to optimize the usage of the coding capacity of their very compact genomes, including leaky scanning initiation, ribosomal frameshifting and stop-codon readthrough. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)