Alfalfa mosaic virus
Plant Viral Movement Proteins
Tobacco Mosaic Virus
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Nucleic Acid Conformation
A genus of plant viruses of the family BROMOVIRIDAE, which infect cucurbits and solanaceous plants. Transmission occurs via aphids in a non-persistent manner, and also via seeds. The type species Cucumber mosaic virus, a CUCUMOVIRUS, should not be confused with Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus, a TOBAMOVIRUS.
Plants, Genetically Modified
Amino Acid Sequence
3' Untranslated Regions
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
Peptide Chain Initiation, Translational
A process of GENETIC TRANSLATION whereby the formation of a peptide chain is started. It includes assembly of the RIBOSOME components, the MESSENGER RNA coding for the polypeptide to be made, INITIATOR TRNA, and PEPTIDE INITIATION FACTORS; and placement of the first amino acid in the peptide chain. The details and components of this process are unique for prokaryotic protein biosynthesis and eukaryotic protein biosynthesis.
Immobility Response, Tonic
Cucumber Mosaic Virus Satellite
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Expression of alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein in tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) deficient in the production of its native coat protein supports long-distance movement of a chimeric TMV. (1/80)Alfalfa mosaic virus (AlMV) coat protein is involved in systemic infection of host plants, and a specific mutation in this gene prevents the virus from moving into the upper uninoculated leaves. The coat protein also is required for different viral functions during early and late infection. To study the role of the coat protein in long-distance movement of AlMV independent of other vital functions during virus infection, we cloned the gene encoding the coat protein of AlMV into a tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-based vector Av. This vector is deficient in long-distance movement and is limited to locally inoculated leaves because of the lack of native TMV coat protein. Expression of AlMV coat protein, directed by the subgenomic promoter of TMV coat protein in Av, supported systemic infection with the chimeric virus in Nicotiana benthamiana, Nicotiana tabacum MD609, and Spinacia oleracea. The host range of TMV was extended to include spinach as a permissive host. Here we report the alteration of a host range by incorporating genetic determinants from another virus. (+info)
Alfalfa mosaic virus RNAs serve as cap donors for tomato spotted wilt virus transcription during coinfection of Nicotiana benthamiana. (2/80)Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) was shown to use alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) RNAs as cap donors in vivo during a mixed infection in Nicotiana benthamiana. By use of nested reverse transcription-PCR, TSWV N and NSs mRNAs provided with capped leader sequences derived from all four AMV RNAs could be cloned and sequenced. The sequence specificity of the putative TSWV endonuclease involved is discussed. (+info)
Effect of C-terminal mutations of alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein on dimer formation and assembly in vitro. (3/80)The coat protein (CP) of alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) strain 425 assembles to bacilliform or rod-shaped particles in the presence of nucleic acids or to T = 1 empty icosahedral particles in the absence of nucleic acids. To study the determinants of CP assembly, recombinant CPs (rCPs) that contained a (His)(6) region were expressed in Escherichia coli. Wt rCP and a mutant rCP, which lacked the last nine amino acids of the C terminus (amino acids 213-221), assembled to particles that were identical in electron micrographs. However, a mutant rCP, which lacked the last 18 amino acids of the C terminus (amino acids 204-221), did not assemble. Likewise, a mutant with alanine substitutions at W(191), F(197), and P(198) did not assemble. Furthermore rCP with a single alanine substitution at W(191) did not assemble, whereas the rCP, which had an arginine and an alanine substitution at A(196) and F(197), respectively, formed rod-shaped particles. The mutations that prevented assembly prevented dimer formation, which indicates that dimers are the minimal building blocks of particles. Our results indicate that two separate regions in the C terminus of AMV CP are critical for dimer formation and assembly and that changes in key amino acids in one of the regions affect both assembly and particle morphology. (+info)
A conformational switch at the 3' end of a plant virus RNA regulates viral replication. (4/80)3' untranslated regions of alfamo- and ilar-virus RNAs fold into a series of stem-loop structures to which the coat protein binds with high affinity. This binding plays a role in initiation of infection ('genome activation') and has been thought to substitute for a tRNA-like structure that is found at the 3' termini of related plant viruses. We propose the existence of an alternative conformation of the 3' ends of alfamo- and ilar-virus RNAs, including a pseudoknot. Based on (i) phylogenetic comparisons, (ii) in vivo and in vitro functional analyses of mutants in which the pseudoknot has been disrupted or restored by compensatory mutations, (iii) competition experiments between coat protein and viral replicase, and (iv) investigation of the effect of magnesium, we demonstrate that this pseudoknot is required for replication of alfalfa mosaic virus. This conformation resembles the tRNA-like structure of the related bromo- and cucumo-viruses. A low but specific interaction with yeast CCA-adding enzyme was found. The existence of two mutually exclusive conformations for the 3' termini of alfamo- and ilar-virus RNAs could enable the virus to switch from translation to replication and vice versa. The role of coat protein in this modulation and in genome activation is discussed. (+info)
In vitro transcription by the turnip yellow mosaic virus RNA polymerase: a comparison with the alfalfa mosaic virus and brome mosaic virus replicases. (5/80)Recently, we showed that the main determinant in the tRNA-like structure of turnip yellow mosaic virus RNA to initiate minus-strand synthesis in vitro is the 3' ACCA end. By mutational analysis of the 3'-terminal hairpin, we show here that only a non-base-paired ACCA end is functional and that the stability of the wild-type 3'-proximal hairpin is the most favorable, in that it has the lowest DeltaG value and a high transcription efficiency. With a nested set of RNA fragments, we show that the minimum template length is 9 nucleotides and that transcription is improved with increasing the length of the template. The results also suggest that proper base stacking contributes to efficient transcription initiation. Internal initiation is shown to take place on every NPyCPu sequence of a nonstructured template. However, the position of the internal initiation site in the template is important, and competition between the different sites takes place. Internal initiation was also studied with the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of brome mosaic virus (BMV) and alfalfa mosaic virus (AlMV). The BMV polymerase can start internally on ACCA sequences, though inefficiently. Unexpectedly, the polymerases of both AlMV and BMV can start efficiently on an internal AUGC sequence. (+info)
The complete nucleotide sequence of apple mosaic virus (ApMV) RNA 1 and RNA 2: ApMV is more closely related to alfalfa mosaic virus than to other ilarviruses. (6/80)The complete nucleotide sequences of apple mosaic virus RNA 1 and 2 have been characterized. Apple mosaic virus RNA 1 is 3476 nucleotides in length and encodes a single large open reading frame (ORF), whereas apple mosaic virus RNA 2 is 2979 nucleotides in length and also encodes a single ORF. The amino acid sequences encoded by RNA 1 and 2 show similarity to all of the other ilarviruses for which sequence data are available, but both are more closely related to alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) than to other ilarviruses. Points of similarity include the absence of ORF 2b, present on the RNA 2 of all previously characterized ilarviruses. The close relationship to AMV also occurs in the movement protein, encoded by RNA 3, but not with the coat protein. These data suggest that the present taxonomy should be revised, and that AMV should be considered an aphid-transmissible ilarvirus. (+info)
Genetic dissection of the multiple functions of alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein in viral RNA replication, encapsidation, and movement. (7/80)Coat protein (CP) of alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) binds as a dimer to the 3' termini of the three genomic RNAs and is required for initiation of infection, asymmetric plus-strand RNA accumulation, virion formation, and spread of the virus in plants. A mutational analysis of the multiple functions of AMV CP was made. Mutations that interfered with CP dimer formation in the two-hybrid system had little effect on the initiation of infection or plus-strand RNA accumulation but interfered with virion formation and reduced or abolished cell-to-cell movement of the virus in plants. Six of the 7 basic amino acids in the N-terminal arm of CP (positions 5, 6, 10, 13, 16, and 25) could be deleted or mutated into alanine without affecting any step of the replication cycle except systemic movement in plants. Mutation of Arg-17 interfered with initiation of infection (as previously shown by others) and cell-to-cell movement of the virus but not with plus-strand RNA accumulation or virion formation. The results indicate that in addition to the RNA-binding domain, different domains of AMV CP are involved in initiation of infection, plus-strand RNA accumulation, virion formation, cell-to-cell movement, and systemic spread of the virus. (+info)
RNAs 1 and 2 of Alfalfa mosaic virus, expressed in transgenic plants, start to replicate only after infection of the plants with RNA 3. (8/80)RNAs 1 and 2 of the tripartite genome of Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) encode the two viral replicase subunits. Full-length DNA copies of RNAs 1 and 2 were used to transform tobacco plants (R12 lines). None of the transgenic lines showed resistance to AMV infection. In healthy R12 plants, the transcripts of the viral cDNAs were copied by the transgenic viral replicase into minus-strand RNAs but subsequent steps in replication were blocked. When the R12 plants were inoculated with AMV RNA 3, this block was lifted and the transgenic RNAs 1 and 2 were amplified by the transgenic replicase together with RNA 3. The transgenic expression of RNAs 1 and 2 largely circumvented the role of coat protein (CP) in the inoculum that is required for infection of nontransgenic plants. The results for the first time demonstrate the role of CP in AMV plus-strand RNA synthesis at the whole plant level. (+info)
Molecular and partial biological characterization of the coat protein sequences of Iranian alfalfa mosaic virus isolates<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Molecular and partial biological characterization of the coat protein sequences of Iranian alfalfa mosaic virus isolates. AU - Mangeli, Fatemeh. AU - Massumi, Hossain. AU - Alipour, Fereshteh. AU - Maddahian, Mohammad. AU - Heydarnejad, Jahangir. AU - Hosseinipour, Akbar. AU - Amid-Motlagh, Mohammad Hadi. AU - Azizizadeh, Morteza. AU - Varsani, Arvind. N1 - Funding Information: This research work was supported by the Iran National Science Foundation (INSF; Grant No. 93004315). PY - 2019/8/15. Y1 - 2019/8/15. N2 - Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) is one of the most important viruses that cause significant losses to alfalfa worldwide. A total of 1066 symptomatic alfalfa, 143 weeds and other secondary hosts were collected and assayed for AMV infection. The virus was detected in 360 samples (33.8% incidence) of alfalfa by plate-trapped antigen (PTA)-ELISA. Among the weed species and the other plants tested, potato, pepper and seven weed species were infected with AMV. The coat protein (CP) ...
The location of coat protein and viral RNAs of alfalfa mosaic virus in infected tobacco leaves and protoplasts
The location of coat protein of alfalfa mosaic virus (AIMV) strain 425 was determined in protoplasts isolated from infected tobacco leaves and in in vitro inoculated tobacco protoplasts, using immunocytochemistry on ultrathin frozen sections labeled with colloidal gold. In infected tobacco leaves 5 days postinoculation (p.i.) coat protein is present ... read more in the cytoplasm and nucleus, especially around the nucleolus. In in vitro inoculated tobacco protoplasts coat protein was not present in the nucleus 6 hr p.i. These results indicate that the presence of coat protein in the nucleus is not necessary for viral replication. However, coat protein could be detected in the nucleus 48 hr p.i. Probably coat protein or virus particles accumulate in the nucleus late in infection. Minus-strand RNA, as part of the replication complex, could be detected in a 650 g pellet fraction of infected tobacco leaves but not in the nucleus, suggesting that replication of AIMV occurs outside the nucleus. show ...
Alfalfa mosaic virus - Wikipedia
AMV infects over 600 plant species in 70 families (experimental and natural hosts). Some hosts: potato (Solanum tuberosum), pea (Pisum sativum), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), bluebeard (Caryopteris incana), ... Symptoms vary from wilting, white flecks, malformation like dwarfing, ringspots, mottles, mosaics to necrosis depending on the virus strain, host variety, stage of growth at infection and environmental conditions. Signs of infection can persist or disappear quickly. The virus can be detected in each part of the host plant. The virions are mainly found in the cytoplasm of the infected plant (as inclusion bodies). Inclusions of Alfalfa mosaic virus In vitro AMV has a longevity of 1-4 days (sometimes much longer). Temperature and light are the environmental factors that have the greatest influence on the multiplication and movement of AMV in the plant and thus indirectly on the symptoms. Under low temperature the appearance of necrosis for example is less ...
ID HQ332378; SV 1; linear; genomic RNA; STD; VRL; 311 BP
ID HQ332378; SV 1; linear; genomic RNA; STD; VRL; 311 BP. XX AC HQ332378; XX DT 01-AUG-2011 (Rel. 109, Created) DT 01-AUG-2011 (Rel. 109, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Alfalfa mosaic virus isolate DA-03 coat protein-like gene, partial DE sequence. XX KW . XX OS Alfalfa mosaic virus OC Viruses; Riboviria; Bromoviridae; Alfamovirus. XX RN  RP 1-311 RA Degirmenci K., Akbas B.; RT Characterization of different Alfalfa mosaic virus isolates; RL Unpublished. XX RN  RP 1-311 RA Degirmenci K., Akbas B.; RT ; RL Submitted (24-SEP-2010) to the INSDC. RL Phytopathology, Plant Protection Central Research Institute, Fatih Sultan RL Mehmet Bulvari No: 66, Ankara 06172, Turkey XX DR MD5; 29edf3d5d3e6115579c83b09ee13dfd0. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..311 FT /organism=Alfalfa mosaic virus FT /host=Medicago sativa (alfalfa) FT /isolate=DA-03 FT /mol_type=genomic RNA FT /country=Turkey FT /collection_date=Apr-2010 FT /db_xref=taxon:12321 FT misc_feature ...
ID JX857635; SV 1; linear; genomic RNA; STD; VRL; 302 BP
ID JX857635; SV 1; linear; genomic RNA; STD; VRL; 302 BP. XX AC JX857635; XX DT 18-NOV-2012 (Rel. 114, Created) DT 18-NOV-2012 (Rel. 114, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Alfalfa mosaic virus isolate LZ1 coat protein gene, partial cds. XX KW . XX OS Alfalfa mosaic virus OC Viruses; ssRNA viruses; ssRNA positive-strand viruses, no DNA stage; OC Bromoviridae; Alfamovirus. XX RN  RP 1-302 RA Zhaohui W., Keqin H.; RT Identification of viral pathogens inducing Medicago sativa mosaic disease RT in Zhangye Gansu; RL Unpublished. XX RN  RP 1-302 RA Zhaohui W., Keqin H.; RT ; RL Submitted (22-SEP-2012) to the INSDC. RL Central Laboratory of Technical Center, Gansu Exit-Entry Inspection and RL Quarantine Bureau, No. 2168, Nanhe Road, Lanzhou, Gansu 730010, China XX DR MD5; 6cbfd4060891d7958346d37c49178c70. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..302 FT /organism=Alfalfa mosaic virus FT /host=Medicago sativa FT /isolate=LZ1 FT /mol_type=genomic RNA FT /country=China FT ...
Pathogenesis of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Soybean (Glycine max) and Expression of Chimeric Rabies Peptide in Virus-Infected...
Phytopathology 91:941-947...Phytopathology 91:941-947...Pathogenesis of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Soybean (Glycine max) and Expression of Chimeric Rabies Peptide in Virus-Infected Soybean Plants...Nina Fleysh , Deepali Deka , Maria Drath , Hilary Koprowski , and Vidadi Yusibov...
Publication : USDA ARS
Citation: Shah, D.A., Dillard, H.R., Mazumdar-Leighton, S., Gonsalves, D., Nault, B.A. 2006. Incidence, spacial patterns and association among viruses in snap beans and alfalfa in New York. Plant Disease 90:203-210. Interpretive Summary: In recent years, symptoms induced by viruses have been associated with yield losses on a wide scale in processing snap bean in the Midwest and Northeast US. Epidemics caused by viruses have coincided with the recent introduction of the soybean aphid, raising the question of how important aphid-transmitted viruses may be in causing the disease and yield reduction in snap bean. We surveyed commercial snap bean fields in New York for the aphis-transmitted viruses Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV), Cucumber mosaic virus (CYVV) and the Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV)/Clover yellow vein virus (CYVV) complex in 2002 and 2003, using ELISA. Since alfalfa is a possible source of these viruses, we included snap bean fields that were either adjacent to or remote from alfalfa. ...
Crop and Non-Crop Plants as Potential Reservoir...
Diseases caused by aphid-transmitted viruses such as Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) have increased in snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in the Midwestern United States. Plants immediately surrounding agricultural fields may serve as primary virus inocula for aphids to acquire and transmit to bean crops. Plant Disease, Volume 96, Issue 4, Page 506-514, April 2012.http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-02-11-0089 | Plant health
Aphid mummy on a bean leaf, SEM - Stock Image F017/4055 - Science Photo Library
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Aphid mummy (Acyrthosiphon pisum) on a bean leaf. The aphid was parasitized by an aphid wasp which laid its egg inside the live aphid. The newly hatched wasp larvae used the aphid body contents for food, eventually killing the aphid. This insect transmits alfalfa mosaic virus (rhabdovirus) and pea enation mosaic (isometric) virus. Magnification: x5 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image F017/4055
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02 Февраля 2014 - AMV by Uchiha-style
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pyroglutamyl-tyrosyl-prolinamide Summary Report | CureHunter
pyroglutamyl-tyrosyl-prolinamide: from alfalfa; RN given refers to (D)-tyrosyl isomer; RN for cpd without isomeric designation not avail 10/92
05 Февраля 2014 - AMV by Uchiha-style
Пожалуй, самым разочаровывающим итогом 2013 года стало сползание в экономический застой. На протяжении года снижались как темпы роста промышленности, так и ВВП. Если в начале года еще казалось, что экономика вот-вот разгонится и из состояния «технической рецессии» войдет в фазу роста, то уже весной тональность заявлений финансовых властей смен ...
Serological Investigation of Virus Diseases of Tobacco Plant (Nicotiana tabaccum L.) In Korea -Korean journal of applied...
우리나라 잎담배에 발생하고 있는 바이러스의 종류와 감염상을 조사하기 위하여 전주지방에서 Burley종 (Burley-21) 20개체, 부천연초시험장 포장에시 황색종(Hicks) 20개체를 병징별로 채집하여 혈청학적인 방법에 의해 실시했다. 검정대상 바이러스는 Tobacco mosaic virus(TMV), Cucumber mosaic virus(CMV), Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV), Potato virus X(PVX) 및 Potato virus Y(PVY)등 5종으로 TMV, AMV, CMV는 한천내확산법으로 PVX, PVY는 미량침강법으로 실시하여 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1. 공시이병개체중에서 TMV, CMV, AMV, P X 및 PVY 등 5종의 바이러스가 검출되었다. 2. 조사된 40개체중 각 바이러스의 감염율은 AMV |TEX|$67.5\%$|/TEX|, CMV |TEX|$60.0\%$|/TEX|, TMV|TEX|$47.5\%$|/TEX|PVY|TEX|$17.5\%$|/TEX|, PVX|TEX|$10.0\%$|/TEX|의 순이었다. 3. Burley종에서는 TMV감염율이 |TEX|$15.0\%$|/TEX|로 황색종의 |TEX|$80.0\%$|/TEX|보다 현저히 낮았다. 4.
The N-terminal Region of the Plantago asiatica mosaic virus Coat Protein Is Required for Cell-to-Cell Movement but Is...
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 22:677-685...Johji Ozeki,1 Masayoshi Hashimoto,1 Ken Komatsu,1 Kensaku Maejima,1 Misako Himeno,1 Hiroko Senshu,1 Takeshi Kawanishi,1 Satoshi Kagiwada,2 Yasuyuki Yamaji,1 and Shigetou Namba1...
Disease Control Archives - Page 3 of 16 - Growing Produce
While we certainly do not equate the seriousness of Zika with agricultural problems, the Zika virus can serve as a reminder about aspects of the many plant-infecting viruses, from alfalfa mosaic to zucchini yellow mosaic, that affect vegetables.. ...
Alfalfa Complex ~ Mengurangkan Masalah Keputihan Anda. - kakngahsihat.wordpress.com
Ermmm... teringat plak KakNgah masa mula2 consume Alfalfa nih... semuanya gara-gara nak menyusukan anak kecil KakNgah, Alhamdulillah... sangat2 membantu. Tapi apa yang buat KakNgah lagi berpuas hati apabila masalah keputihan KakNgah dapat di atasi dengan Alfalfa Complex, sebenarnya KakNgah pun tak tahu Alfalfa Complex dapat membantu dalam masalah keputihan. Selepas join member baru KakNgah tahu…
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Western Alfalfa & Forage Symposium 2017 - Agricultural Issues Center
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Expression of tobacco mosaic virus coat protein by a cauliflower mosaic virus promoter in plants transformed by Agrobacterium
Bevan, M.W.; Mason, S.E.; Goelet, P., 1985: Expression of tobacco mosaic virus coat protein by a cauliflower mosaic virus promoter in plants transformed by Agrobacterium
Expression of prune dwarf Ilarvirus coat protein sequences in Nicotiana benthamiana plants interferes with PDV systemic...
Prune dwarf virus (PDV) is an Ilarvirus systemically infecting almond trees and other Prunus species and spreading through pollen, among other means. We have studied strategies based on coat protein (cp) gene to block PDV replication in host plant cells. A Portuguese isolate of PDV was obtained from infected almond leaves and used to produce the cDNA of the cp gene. Various constructs were prepared based on this sequence, aiming for the transgenic expression of the original or modified PDV coat protein (cpPDVSense and cpPDVMutated) or for the expression of cpPDV RNA (cpPDVAntisense and cpPDVwithout start codon). All constructs were tested in a PDV host model, Nicotiana benthamiana, and extensive molecular characterization and controlled infections were performed on transformants and their progenies. Transgenic plants expressing the coat protein RNA were able to block the proliferation of a PDV isolate sharing only 91% homology with the isolate used for cpPDV cloning, as evaluated by DAS-ELISA on newly
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North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference
The National Alfalfa & Forage Alliance is an alliance between the growers, North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference, genetic suppliers and university segments of the alfalfa and alfalfa seed industry.
Scouting Advised for Alfalfa Weevil | CropWatch | University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Alfalfa weevils have been reported damaging alfalfa in southeast Nebraska; scouting for this pest is crucial for alfalfa producers over the next few weeks.
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Apronyms: ALFALFA (2)
Angela Brett -- Appetite is just one of the many A-words on the all-encompassing lists of what alfalfa might possibly improve. Apparently there is one documented case of alfalfa overdose which resulted in mild anaemia and leucopenia ...
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Weight Control Benefits of Alfalfa | LIVESTRONG.COM
The legume alfalfa has been used throughout history as a dietary and medicinal aid. It may help lower blood glucose and cholesterol levels, and people...
Relationship Between Saponin Content in Alfalfa and Aphid Development - Acta Biologica Cracoviensia s. Botanica - PAN...
PAN Czytelnia Czasopism, Relationship Between Saponin Content in Alfalfa and Aphid Development - Acta Biologica Cracoviensia s. Botanica
Can alfalfa help people get taller? - Answers
No. Your height and body type depend on genetics. If your parents arent tall, chances are you wont be either. There are always exceptions to the rule, but eating certain foods, exercising, stetching, etc. wont make you any taller. Wrong!! I grew 1 inch taller through stretching and hanging on a bar! Its hard work but it can be done. Alfalfa wont make you taller
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Alfalfa weevils are on the prowl | Hay and Forage Magazine
Although spring brings with it many welcomed signs, one that is not included in that group is alfalfa weevil activity. Already, several states are reporting weevil adult and/or larval activity.
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Alfalfa terbukti mempunyai pelbagai kesan dan khasiat yang menakjubkan.Apakah itu Alfalfa?Alfalfa merupakan raja segala tumbuhan dan raja segala herba. Ia
A call for a Day of Action to Stop GM Alfalfa was issued by the National Farmers Union-Ontario. - The Cornwall Free News
For more information on GM Alfalfa: www.cban.ca/alfalfa. Why is GM Alfalfa Such a Huge Threat?. GM contamination is inevitable because alfalfa is a perennial crop pollinated by insects. In Ontario, weeds are becoming resistant to glyphosate (the active ingredient in Monsantos herbicide Roundup): another glyphosate tolerant crop like Roundup Ready alfalfa would increase these weeds. Alfalfa is almost always grown in a mix with grasses and establishes readily without the use of herbicides. Farmers dont want or need Roundup Ready alfalfa. If genetically modified (GM, also called genetically engineered or GE) alfalfa is released in Eastern Canada it will have negative impacts on a wide range of farmers and farming systems, both conventional and organic. For more information see www.cban.ca/alfalfa. Why is Alfalfa Important?. Alfalfa (commonly harvested as hay) is a high-protein forage fed to animals like dairy cows, beef cattle, lambs, poultry and pigs. Its also used to build nutrients in the ...
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Check Alfalfa Regrowth | County Agriculture Educator in Stearns County | Extension County Offices | University of Minnesota...
By Dan Martens, University of Minnesota Extension. FOLEY, Minn. (06/04/15) - A few very small alfalfa weevil larva have been found is some fields. Sometimes we see alfalfa weevil larva, armyworms, or cutworms chewing off new growth. With a cool spring, alfalfa weevil are further behind and may not limit regrowth much this year; but could be a problem later in the second crop. Remember, there are problems with spraying routinely when insects are not present at threshold levels. Its bad for the bank account, bad for resistance reasons, and bad for the environment.. For all alfalfa insects it is important to consider the pre-harvest window for insecticides. If close to harvest, it could be better to harvest a little earlier if the weather allows and then watch the next crop. Spraying earlier or later in the day can reduce risk to foraging bees and other pollinators. Even when alfalfa isnt blooming, clovers or other plants mixed in the field can be. Here are some scouting notes.. ALFALFA WEEVIL. ...
Alamosa News | Eye on Extension: Grazing alfalfa in the fall can be a challenge
VALLEY - In the fall cattle producers often look for feed sources to help put weight on their cows before winter. One option is the grazing of alfalfa fields that have some regrowth. However, the grazing of alfalfa has some risks after a hard freeze. Alfalfa reacts two ways to a hard freeze. Nitrate levels can increase, but rarely to hazardous levels. Freezing also causes alfalfa to be more likely to cause bloat for a few days after the frost. Then, several days later after plants begin to wilt or grow again; alfalfa becomes less likely to cause bloat. So waiting to graze alfalfa until well after a hard freeze is a good, safer management practice.. So what is bloat? Bloat is a buildup of gas in the digestive system, commonly the rumen of ruminant animals. As with most animals this gas is lost thru eructation (belching). Sometimes there is an interruption and the gas builds up faster than it is lost. This trapped gas may form a foam or froth in the rumen that further prevents it from being ...
Alfalfa as a Staple in Rotation and Pasture - Practical Farmers of Iowa
John and his sons have made alfalfa a central part of their crop rotation. At their dairy farm, alfalfa is left in production for three years, then injected with manure after the final cutting. Afterwards, a cereal rye cover crop is seeded in the fall, chopped and bagged in the spring, then strip-tilled in preparation for corn to be planted into green rye. A new alfalfa seeding will be vertically tilled, rolled, planted, then rolled once more.. For nurse crops, John uses multiple species and mixes including triticale, peas, clover, teff and sorghum. He recommends having more than one species as it offers insurance that something will succeed. Alfalfa is a tough crop, but he advises that it should not be smothered with a nurse crop. If soil fertility is adequate, John suggests keeping fertility inputs for the nurse crop low as to limit its growth.. John is a believer in alfalfas benefits and encourages others to adopt it into their rotations. By including it in his rotation, he has seen ...
An indoor screening method for reduced fall dormancy in alfalfa - Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
Fall dormancy is a determinant factor of alfalfa yield in northern climate but selection for that trait is often done to the detriment of freezing tolerance. Selection for low dormancy in the field is a tedious process that depends on unpredictable fall conditions allowing the identification of less dormant genotypes. Here we describe two screening methods entirely performed indoor for the selection for low dormancy in alfalfa without negative impact of freezing tolerance. One method is for semi-dormant cultivars and includes successive freezing stress to simultaneously improve freezing tolerance and the other is for winterhardy dormant cultivars. In both approaches, alfalfa is exposed to a critical photoperiod during four weeks that allows to discriminate between dormant and less-dormant genotypes. These approaches can be used to generate recurrently selected populations that are progressively less dormant.. ...
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Scientists Create New Toolbox to Better Study Alfalfa | Dairy Herd Management
To accelerate alfalfa research and cultivar development, scientists at the Noble Research Institute developed the Alfalfa Breeders Toolbox, a web-based portal to allow alfalfa breeders and researchers share data.
Dyan Health Care: Alfalfa Complex Kaya Vitamin
Alfalfa mengandungi vitamin B, C, E dan K dalam jumlah yang seimbang. Mengandungi mineral Kalsium, Magnesium, Kalium, Fosforus dan Zat Besi. Alfalfa turut mengandungi, Flourida, Protein, Mineral Surih, Serat, Asid Lemak dan Antioksidan.. ...
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Alfalfa weevil images - Crop & Pest Report
Feel free to use and share this content, but please do so under the conditions of our Creative Commons license and our Rules for Use. Thanks ...
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Alfalfa mosaic virus
... coat protein binding (CPB) RNA Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5′ UTR stem-loop Viral diseases of potato ICTVdB ... Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV), also known as Lucerne mosaic virus or Potato calico virus, is a worldwide distributed phytopathogen ... Victoria, Springer, 356 p. Media related to Alfalfa mosaic virus at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Alfalfa mosaic virus at ... Jaspars E.M.J.; Bos L. (1980). "Alfalfa mosaic virus". AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses. Hyo Won Jung; Hye Jin Jung; Wan Soo ...
Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA
The Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) coat protein binding (CPB) RNA is an RNA element which is found in the 3′ UTR of the genome. AMV ... Page for Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA at Rfam v t e (Articles with short description, Short description ... Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5′ UTR stem-loop Neeleman L, Linthorst HJ, Bol JF (January 2004). "Efficient translation of ...
Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5′ UTR stem-loop
Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA Vlot AC, Bol JF (October 2003). "The 5′ untranslated region of alfalfa ... The Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5′ UTR stem-loop represents a putative stem-loop structure found in the 5′ UTR in RNA 1 of ... Page for Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5′ UTR stem-loop at Rfam v t e (Cis-regulatory RNA elements, Bromoviridae, All stub ... This family is required for negative strand RNA synthesis in the alfalfa mosaic virus and may also be involved in positive ...
... carrot thin leaf virus; celery mosaic virus; and alfalfa mosaic virus. In 2015, a novel Poison Hemlock Virus Y (PHVY) was ... The virus was shown serologically to be related to potyviruses. Conium plants are poisonous to a variety of animals including ... The plants serve as a host for several viruses, bacteria, and insects, including the carrot rust fly, Psila rosae; the ... Nury, Saeedeh; Hosseini, Ahmad; Gibbs, Adrian J.; Mohammadi, Musa (March 2020). "Poison hemlock virus Y (PHVY), a novel ...
Soybean mosaic virus
"Soybean mosaic virus and Alfalfa mosaic virus". WISCONSIN FIELD CROPS PATHOLOGY. Retrieved 2017-12-11. Maroof, Saghai; A, M.; ... Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) is a member of the plant virus genus Potyvirus (family Potyviridae). It infects mainly plants ... Calvert LA, Ghabrial SA (1983). "Enhancement by Soybean mosaic virus of Bean pod mottle virus Titer in Doubly Infected Soybean ... Latent infection has been reported in several hosts." p. 355-390 ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: Soybean mosaic virus ...
... by alfalfa mosaic virus in Queensland". Australasian Plant Pathology. 26 (2): 115. doi:10.1071/AP97017. S2CID 28064036. v t e ( ...
Willard Gibbs Award
... for the isolation of other viruses such as cucumber mosaic, alfalfa mosaic, tobacco necrosis, jaundice of silkworms ... with ... "For his outstanding contributions to the chemistry of viruses beginning with the isolation of tobacco virus and its ... their identification as distinct nucleoproteins; and for distinguished research on the influence virus with subsequent ...
"Induction by Salicylic Acid of Pathogenesis-related Proteins or Resistance to Alfalfa Mosaic Virus Infection in Various Plant ... In 1979, salicylates were found to be involved in induced defenses of tobacco against tobacco mosaic virus. In 1987, salicylic ...
"Induction by Salicylic Acid of Pathogenesis-related Proteins and Resistance to Alfalfa Mosaic Virus Infection in Various Plant ... induced by compatible and incompatible interactions of pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV) in Capsicum chinense L3 plants". ...
"Induction by Salicylic Acid of Pathogenesis-related Proteins and Resistance to Alfalfa Mosaic Virus Infection in Various Plant ... plants and Arabidopsis with salicylic acid resulted in higher resistance of infection by the alfalfa and tobacco mosaic viruses ... In an experiment using virus-induced gene silencing of two calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) in a wild tobacco ( ... Many biotic stresses affect photosynthesis, as chewing insects reduce leaf area and virus infections reduce the rate of ...
Paul Joseph Kaesberg
These particles looked nothing like the known spherical species of the alfalfa mosaic virus, so they discovered a new isolate ... the southern bean mosaic virus, the tomato bushy stunt virus, and the tobacco necrosis virus. All three of the viruses had a ... After taking electron micrographs of the bromegrass mosaic virus and the yellow turnip mosaic virus under light shadowing and ... In 1958, Kaesberg and colleagues discovered a mosaic virus found in alfalfa creates three macromolecules after infecting a ...
Potato mop-top virus
... these symptoms are very similar to those caused by alfalfa mosaic virus). Plants showing no symptoms of PMTV tend to produce ... "Potato Tuber Viruses: Mop-top Management" (PDF). Mallik I, Gudmestad NC (2014-10-10). "First Report of Potato mop top virus ... Potato mop-top virus (PMTV) is a plant pathogenic virus transmitted through the vector Spongospora subterranea that affects ... ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: Potato mop-top virus Family Groups - The Baltimore Method (CS1: long volume value, ...
Viral diseases of potato
The viruses that usually produce these symptoms in potato are "alfalfa mosaic virus" (AMV), potato aucuba mosaic virus (PAMV), ... However, potato virus X (PVX), potato virus Y (PVY), and potato leafroll virus (PLRV) are the most important viruses worldwide ... Potato leaf mosaic symptoms can be caused by different viruses individually or in combination. Some of them are potato virus X ... The virus is not spread or transmitted mechanically. In plant pathology, "mosaic" is a symptom, characteristic of many viruses ...
It has also been affected by alfalfa mosaic virus in Africa and some cases of anthracnose in West Africa and there are reports ... In rat-feeding tests, round-leaf cassia was found to have equal nutritive value to alfalfa which is another more common forage ... "Alfalfa The Queen of Forage Crops". Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service. Retrieved 18 November 2013 from http://www2.ca.uky. ...
List of cis-regulatory RNA elements
23S methyl RNA motif 6C RNA Actino-pnp RNA motif AdoCbl riboswitch Alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein binding (CPB) RNA Alfalfa ... Bamboo mosaic virus satellite RNA cis-regulatory element Bovine leukaemia virus RNA packaging signal Citrus tristeza virus ... Hepatitis C virus 3'X element Hepatitis C virus stem-loop VII Hepatitis E virus cis-reactive element HIV gag stem loop 3 (GSL3 ... Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) primer binding site (PBS) RtT RNA Rubella virus 3′ cis-acting element S-element SerC leader Simian ...
List of MeSH codes (B04)
... maize streak virus MeSH B04.715.464.040 - alfamovirus MeSH B04.715.464.040.050 - alfalfa mosaic virus MeSH B04.715.464.080 - ... vesicular stomatitis-indiana virus MeSH B04.820.464.040 - alfamovirus MeSH B04.820.464.040.050 - alfalfa mosaic virus MeSH ... yellow fever virus MeSH B04.820.250.400 - gb virus a MeSH B04.820.250.405 - gb virus b MeSH B04.820.250.410 - GB virus C MeSH ... alfalfa mosaic virus MeSH B04.715.081.080 - bromovirus MeSH B04.715.081.180 - cucumovirus MeSH B04.715.081.400 - ilarvirus MeSH ...
... a video consisting of anime clips arranged to a song Alfalfa mosaic virus, a plant virus of the family Bromoviridae Anterior ... medullary velum, a part of the structure of the brain Avian myeloblastosis virus, a virus of the genus Alpharetrovirus AMV, the ...
Polyadenylate tails are observed in several RNA viruses, including Influenza A, Coronavirus, Alfalfa mosaic virus, and Duck ... Simian virus 40 late polyadenylation signal (SVLPA) Proudfoot NJ, Furger A, Dye MJ (February 2002). "Integrating mRNA ... "Inhibition of host poly(A)-binding protein by virus ~ ViralZone". viralzone.expasy.org. Edmonds, Mary; Abrams, Richard (April ... Tail of Influenza A Virus mRNA Is Synthesized by Reiterative Copying of a U Track in the Virion RNA Template". Journal of ...
... and the aphid can be a vector of alfalfa mosaic virus, lucerne transient streak virus and lucerne Australian latent virus in ... as well as cucumber mosaic virus, bean yellow mosaic virus and watermelon mosaic virus in other crops. "Blue Aphid, ... ISBN 978-0-12-158861-8. Barlow, Vonny M. (24 April 2013). "Blue alfalfa aphid, Acyrthosiphon kondoi Shinji". Alfalfa & Forage ... It is mainly a pest of plants in the family Leguminosae including alfalfa, pea, lentil and cowpea. Its host range in North ...
... because the RRA contains a promoter sequence derived from the plant pathogen figwort mosaic virus. The USDA granted the ... Alfalfa hay is a widely used protein and fiber source for meat rabbits. In poultry diets, dehydrated alfalfa and alfalfa leaf ... "Commodity Fact Sheet Alfalfa Information compiled by the California Alfalfa and Forage Association" (PDF). Alfalfa.ucdavis.edu ... Wikibooks has more on the topic of: Alfalfa Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on Alfalfa Look up alfalfa in Wiktionary, ...
Pea enation mosaic virus
... alfalfa, broadbean or sweet pea mostly in temperate regions. Symptoms include chlorotic, translucent or necrotic lesions, ... Pea enation mosaic virus 1 is an Enamovirus Pea enation mosaic virus 2 is an Umbravirus They are spread by green- or pea aphids ... Pea enation mosaic virus (PEMV) is really two plant pathogenic viruses. The two RNAs of the disease are now categorised as two ... ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: Pea enation mosaic virus Family Groups - The Baltimore Method v t e (Articles with short ...
Bean yellow mosaic virus
... alfalfa (Medicago sativa), vetch (Vicia sativa), lupine (Lupinus luteus), black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), fenugreek ( ... Plant Viruses Online - Bean yellow mosaic potyvirus ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: Bean yellow mosaic virus Family ... Bean yellow mosaic virus is a plant pathogenic virus in the genus Potyvirus and the virus family Potyviridae. Like other ... A mosaic disease, believed to be bean yellow mosaic virus, was first reported in the early 1900s infecting garden peas (Pisum ...
... peanut stunt virus, subterranean clover stunt virus, bean common mosaic virus, cucumber mosaic virus and alfalfa mosaic virus ... The aphid is the vector of a number of plant viruses including groundnut rosette virus, peanut mottle virus, ... It may move back to alfalfa later in the year. In Belarus, lupine is an important host plant and in Ukraine, Acacia is most ... The eggs hatch in early spring and the first larvae are known as fundatrix (stem mothers) and feed at first on alfalfa. These ...
Alfalfa enamovirus 1 Birdsfoot trefoil enamovirus 1 Citrus vein enation virus Grapevine enamovirus 1 Pea enation mosaic virus 1 ... The virus exits the host cell by tubule-guided viral movement. Plants serve as the natural host. The virus is transmitted via a ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2020 Release". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). March 2021. Retrieved 21 May 2021. ... Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method ...
... virus Blackberry virus S Citrus sudden death-associated virus Grapevine asteroid mosaic associated virus Grapevine Syrah virus ... The genus contains the following species: Alfalfa virus F Bermuda grass etched-line ... 1 Maize rayado fino virus Nectarine marafivirus M Oat blue dwarf virus Olive latent virus 3 Peach marafivirus D Viruses in ... The virus exits the host cell by monopartite non-tubule guided viral movement. Plants serve as the natural host. The virus is ...
Alfalfa virus S Arachis pintoi virus Blackberry virus E Garlic mite-borne filamentous virus Senna yellow mosaic virus Vanilla ... Acarallexivirus Garlic virus A Garlic virus B Garlic virus C Garlic virus D Garlic virus E Garlic virus X Shallot virus X ... Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method of transcription. The virus exits the host cell by tripartite non- ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2020 Release". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). March 2021. Retrieved 15 May 2021. ...
The following species are recognized: Alfalfa dwarf cytorhabdovirus Barley yellow striate mosaic cytorhabdovirus Broccoli ... The virus exits the host cell by budding, and tubule-guided viral movement. Plants serve as the natural host. The virus is ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2020 Release". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). March 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2021. ... Replication follows the negative stranded RNA virus replication model. Negative stranded RNA virus transcription, using ...
Soybean dwarf virus, Abaca mosaic virus, Alfalfa mosaic virus, Beet mosaic virus, Tobacco vein-banding virus, Tobacco ringspot ... virus, Bean yellow mosaic virus, Mungbean mosaic virus, Peanut mottle virus, Peanut stripe poty virus, and Peanut mosaic virus ... In China, the most important virus vectored by the soybean aphid is Soybean mosaic virus, which can cause yield loss and ... In addition to Soybean mosaic virus, the soybean aphid is capable of transmitting Soybean stunt virus, ...
... protein accumulation and enhanced resistance to tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) infection. Exposure to pathogens causes a cascade of ... It is found in alfalfa (lucerne), bee's wax, and some waxy leaf cuticles. Synthetic plant hormones or PGRs are used in a number ...
A virus with LUZ24-like morphology and a highly mosaic genome". Journal of Structural Biology. 200 (3): 343-359. doi:10.1016/j. ... S. meliloti fix atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia for their legume symbionts, such as alfalfa. S. meliloti forms a symbiotic ... Sinorhizobium virus M12 (alias DNA phage ΦM12, type species) Species: Sinorhizobium virus N3 (alias ΦN3) Ba S, Willems A, de ... As of March 2020 the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) has accepted the following species in its Master ...
Genetically modified crops
Many strains of corn have been developed in recent years to combat the spread of Maize dwarf mosaic virus, a costly virus that ... "UPDATE 3-U.S. farmers get approval to plant GMO alfalfa". Reuters. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2016. "Infographics: ... The viruses are watermelon, cucumber and zucchini/courgette yellow mosaic. Squash was the second GM crop to be approved by US ... Papaya, potatoes, and squash have been engineered to resist viral pathogens such as cucumber mosaic virus which, despite its ...
There's evidence that T. intermedium also has resistance to wheat streak mosaic virus, the Aceria tosichella mite, Barley ... Because it heads relatively late, it can be grown effectively in mixture with alfalfa to increase its productivity, longevity, ... These are Barley yellow dwarf and wheat streak mosaic diseases, viral diseases which can cause complete yield loss without ...
South African wine
These virus-infected vines have a shortened lifespan and difficulties with photosynthesis, which can lead to poor ripening of ... Many growers gave up on winemaking, and instead chose to plant orchards and alfalfa fields to feed the growing ostrich feather ... Industry body ABSA Top 10 Pinotage South African Pinotage Wine Competition Mosaic Top 5 Pinot Noir Wine Awards South African ... The first phase launched in the late 20th century focused on virus-free and yield controlling rootstock as well as clonal ...
158 health workers contracted the virus and two died. 46% of the cases were treated at hospitals run by Servicios de Salud de ... These include bananas, cherimoyas, mameys, melons, cucumbers, tomatillos, jicama, squash, alfalfa, cotton, peanuts, onions and ... is the Glorieta de La Luna with Venetian mosaic by José García Narezo. Along the main street, Paseo de la Reforma, there are ... The federal government announced it would pay the families of health workers who died because of the virus MXN $50,000. Morelos ...
Alfalfa mosaic virus on Soybean in Wisconsin - Badger Crop Doc
You are here: Home / Soybean / Soybean Diseases / Soybean Virus / Alfalfa mosaic virus / Alfalfa mosaic virus on Soybean in ... Alfalfa mosaic virus on Soybean in Wisconsin August 1, 2014. /in Alfalfa mosaic virus, Soybean, Soybean Diseases, Soybean Virus ... Incidence of Alfalfa mosaic virus, Bean pod mottle virus, and Soybean mosaic virus in Nebraska soybean fields. Online. Plant ... Alfalfa mosaic virus. Alfalfa mosaic virus is transmitted in low levels in soybean seed (Tolin, 1999). Aphids transmit AMV. ...
Agdia Expands Their AmplifyRP® Field of Use to Include Detection of Conferred Traits and Native Plant Genes | Company
Agdia Releases ImmunoStrip® for Detection of Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) October 4, 2022 ... Agdia Expands ImmunoStrip® Catalog with Release of Lettuce Mosaic Virus Assay, Improves LMV ELISA Assay October 31, 2022 ... Agdia Launches Rapid Molecular Test Kit for Tomato Mottle Mosaic Virus (ToMMV) November 9, 2022 ... Plum pox virus and Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, in plant tissue. When paired with Agdias AmpliFire® isothermal ...
Diseases of Red Clover
Mosaic disease Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) Alsike clover mosaic virus Bean yellow mosaic virus Clover mild mosaic virus Clover ... yellow mosaic virus Common pea mosaic virus Cowpea mosaic comovirus Croatian clover mosaic potyvirus Cucumber mosaic ... White clover mosaic virus Red clover cryptovirus Red clover cryptovirus 1 & 2 Red clover vein mosaic Red clover vein mosaic ... Wisconsin pea streak virus Wilt Broadbean wilt fabavirus Witches broom Witches broom virus Yellow dwarf Potato yellow dwarf ...
Publication : USDA ARS
DAC-ELISA tests produced positive results for alfalfa mosaic virus (AIMV) and a mixture of viruses, including cucumber mosaic, ... These isolates were checked by serology and found to contain a virus that reacted with alfalfa mosaic virus (AIMV) as well as ... Title: AN UNUSUAL STRAIN OF ALFALFA MOSAIC VIRUS DETECTED IN CROTALARIA SPP. GERMPLASM IN GEORGIA Author. Gillaspie, Athey - ... An unusual strain of alfalfa mosaic virus detected in crotalaria spp. germplasm in georgia. Plant Pathology Journal 5(3): 397- ...
Xianzhou Nie - Search Results - PubMed
Potato Tuber Necrosis Induced by Alfalfa Mosaic Virus Depends on Potato Cultivar Rather Than on Virus Strain. Nie X, Dickison V ... Extreme Resistance to Potato Virus A in Potato Cultivar Barbara is Independently Mediated by Ra and Rysto. Huang W, Nie B, Tu Z ... Genetic Diversity of Potato virus Y in Potato Production Areas in Northeast China. Bai Y, Han S, Gao Y, Zhang W, Fan G, Qiu C, ... Genetic diversity of strawberry mild yellow edge virus from eastern Canada. Xiang Y, Nie X, Bernardy M, Liu JJ, Su L, Bhagwat B ...
Agdia Releases Rapid Isothermal Assay for Detection of Quarantine Bacterium | Company
Agdia Releases ImmunoStrip® for Detection of Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) October 4, 2022 ... Agdia Expands ImmunoStrip® Catalog with Release of Lettuce Mosaic Virus Assay, Improves LMV ELISA Assay October 31, 2022 ... Agdia Launches Rapid Molecular Test Kit for Tomato Mottle Mosaic Virus (ToMMV) November 9, 2022 ...
overwintering - Winter-Summer in OZ 'Comparison' / Aussie Blabberers | Page 119 | The Hot Pepper
This is what it is called : alfalfa mosaic virus.. Apparently powdery mildew and white mold (sclerotinia disease) are ... The only virus I could think of is one that is spread by aphids and the leaves start to distort like your little ones on the ... The only virus I could think of is one that is spread by aphids and the leaves start to distort like your little ones on the ...
Subcelullar localization of proteins associated with Prune dwarf virus replication<...
In this paper we demonstrate that PDV replication, is similar to that of Alfalfa mosaic virus and is strongly connected with ... In this paper we demonstrate that PDV replication, is similar to that of Alfalfa mosaic virus and is strongly connected with ... In this paper we demonstrate that PDV replication, is similar to that of Alfalfa mosaic virus and is strongly connected with ... In this paper we demonstrate that PDV replication, is similar to that of Alfalfa mosaic virus and is strongly connected with ...
The 3a Protein from Cucumber Mosaic Virus Increases the Gating Capacity of Plasmodesmata in Transgenic Tobacco Plants |...
... in the cell-to-cell spread of the virus. ... encoded by RNA 3 of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), is the ... Poirson A., Turner A. P., Giovane C., Berna A., Roberts K., Godefroy-Colburn T. 1993; Effect of the alfalfa mosaic virus ... Godefroy-Colburn T., Gagey M. J., Berna A., Stussi-Garaud C. 1986; A non-structural protein of alfalfa mosaic virus in the ... Van Der Kuyl A. C., Neeleman L., Bol J. F. 1991; Complementation and recombination between alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 3 mutants ...
DIR 089/2008 | Office of the Gene Technology Regulator
Calico / Potato / Agriculture: Pest Management Guidelines / UC Statewide IPM Program (UC IPM)
Alfalfa mosaic virus is transmitted by many species of aphids. Transmission of the virus is most likely to occur when aphids ... the usual hosts for this virus. Infection often occurs on edges of fields located near alfalfa. Little or no secondary spread ... migrate into potato fields from nearby alfalfa or clover fields, ... Plant certified seed tubers and avoid planting near alfalfa or ...
MESH TREE NUMBER CHANGES - 2015 MeSH
D27.720.280.165.55 Alfalfa mosaic virus B4.820.464.40.50 Alfamovirus B4.820.464.40 Alkane 1-Monooxygenase D8.811.682.690. ... J1.576.655.968 Tobacco Mosaic Virus B4.820.464.725.800 Tobacco Use F1.145.928 F1.145.958 Tobacco Use Cessation F1.145.928.968 ... Mosaic Viruses B4.820.464 Mossy Fibers, Hippocampal A8.663.542.145.750.500 A8.675.542.145.750.500 A11.671.501.145.750.500 ... E5.481.500.550 Plum Pox Virus B4.820.464.600.600 Post-Exposure Prophylaxis N2.421.143.827.733 Posterior Horn Cells A8.186. ...
POSTERS | | Journal of Plant Pathology
DETECTION OF ALFALFA MOSAIC VIRUS BY IC-RT-PCR IN VIBURNUM OPULUS. G. Parrella, L. Cavicchi, S. Rosati and M.G. Bellardi. - ... GENETIC CONTROL OF RESISTANCE TO SOIL-BORNE CEREAL MOSAIC VIRUS IN DURUM WHEAT. M. Maccaferri, R. Francia, C. Ratti, C. Rubies ... MULTIPLEX REAL TIME RT-PCR FOR TOMATO CHLOROSIS VIRUS AND TOMATO INFECTIOUS CHLOROSIS VIRUS IN TOMATO PLANTS AND WHITEFLIES. A ... AN INTEGRATED STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF GRAPEVINE LEAFROLL-ASSCOCIATED VIRUS 1, GRAPEVINE VIRUS A AND GRAPEVINE RUPESTRIS STEM ...
Alfalfa Mosaic Virus in Vegetable Crops Alfalfa mosaic virus has a very wide host range and can infect over 400 plant species ... The virus can be seed transmitted in some specie in plants. Symptoms of alfalfa mosaic include bright yellow mosaic or calico ... The primary source of inoculum is usually the weeds r alfalfa infected with the virus. It is important to rogue out plants ... In Yuma area we have detected the virus in lettuce, datura, spinach, swiss chard, alfalfa etc. ...
Patents Examined by Che S. Chereskin - Justia Patents Search
... enhancer sequence derived from the untranslated leader sequence from the mRNA of the coat protein gene of alfalfa mosaic virus ... Induction of resistance to virus diseases by transformation of plants with a portion of a plant virus genome involving a read- ... Abstract: The present invention describes a method for the induction of resistance in a plant host to a RNA or DNA virus ... Abstract: The invention described herein discloses a virus-induced resistance that may be transferred from one plant generation ...
Alfalfa mosaic virus - Preferred Concept UI. M0026884. Scope note. The type species of the genus ALFAMOVIRUS that is non- ... virus del mosaico de la alfalfa. Scope note:. Especie tipo del género ALFAMOVIRUS que se transmite de modo no persistente por ... Virus del Mosaico de la Alfalfa Spanish from Spain Descriptor. ... Alfalfa mosaic virus [B04.715.081.050.050] Alfalfa mosaic virus ... Alfalfa mosaic virus Descriptor Spanish: ... Alfalfa mosaic virus [B04.715.464.040.050] Alfalfa mosaic virus ...
Code System Concept
Peppers: Year-Round IPM Program-UC IPM
Bromoviridae | ICTV
Alfamo: from alfalfa mosaic virus.. Anula: from Latin "anular" for the concentric symptom associated with infection by this ... Type species Alfalfa mosaic virus. Distinguishing features. Alfamoviruses are transmitted in a non-persistent manner by at ... The CP is required for activation of replication, but may be substituted with CP from alfalfa mosaic virus (genus Alfamovirus). ... Bromo: from Brome mosaic, also, from Bromus (host of Brome mosaic virus). ...
Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV, A1MV). Synonyms: Lucerne mosaic virus, Potato calico virus ... Synonyms: Mungbean mosaic virus (MBRV), Bean common mosaic virus - serotype B, Azuki bean mosaic virus, Bean mosaic virus, Bean ... Pea mosaic virus, Bean virus 2, Canna mosaic virus (Brierley and Smith, 1948), Gladiolus mosaic virus, Gloriosa stripe mosaic ... Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV), Other acronym: CpMV. Synonyms: Cowpea yellow mosaic virus (CYMV), Cowpea mosaic yellow strain virus ...
US (MA): Monson-based cultivation facility faces mold problems
Alfalfa Mosaic Virus in Vegetable Crops Alfalfa mosaic virus has a very wide host range and can infect over 400 plant species ... The virus can be seed transmitted in some specie in plants. Symptoms of alfalfa mosaic include bright yellow mosaic or calico ... The primary source of inoculum is usually the weeds r alfalfa infected with the virus. It is important to rogue out plants ... In Yuma area we have detected the virus in lettuce, datura, spinach, swiss chard, alfalfa etc. ...
Poison hemlock : Conium maculatum - Apiaceae (Carrot)
The Plant Pathology Journal
Identification of Alfalfa Mosaic Virus from Soybean S H Lee, Y M Choi, J S Kim, B J Chung Plant Pathol J. 1985;1(1):33-37. ... Studies on Mild Mutants of Tabacco Mosaic Virus 1. Induction of Mild Mutants and Their Characteristics Jang Kyung Vhoi, Kyung ... Citrus mosaic sadwavirus. (CiMV) in Some Citrus Cultivars and Effect of CiMV Infection on Citrus Fruit Quality ...
Biblioteca Digital do Portal Bolsas de Estudo
Details of DPV Viola mottle virus and References
... alfalfa mosaic virus RNA. Centre lane: viola mottle virus RNA. Right lane: tobacco mosaic virus RNA. ... papaya mosaic, pepino mosaic or white clover mosaic viruses. Antisera to viola mottle virus did not react with cymbidium mosaic ... foxtail mosaic virus (Short, 1981), nerine virus X (Agapanthus isolate) (Phillips & Brunt, 1980) and tulip virus X (Mowat, 1979 ... Cucumber mosaic virus is also common in V. odorata but can be easily distinguished from viola mottle virus by serological ...
Pesquisa | Portal Regional da BVS
Infectivity of an alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) isolate from Leonotis nepetaefolia in different tomato cultivars was analyzed. ... tomato mottle mosaic virus and tomato mosaic virus, which recognizes the viral movement protein (MP). However, tomato brown ... Host-specific loss of sequences of an alfalfa mosaic virus isolate during systemic infection. ... Particularly, Tm-22 was used during recent decades to confer resistance against tobacco mosaic virus, ...
Search for Pathological
Molecular Characterization of Alfalfa Mosaic Virus and Its Effect on Basil (Ocimum basilicum) Tissues in Egypt ... Biological and Molecular Identification of Severe Zucchini Yellow Mosaic Virus from Cucurbita pepo cv. Eskandarani ... Mareks Disease Virus in Egypt Historical Overview and Current Research Based on the Major MDV-Encoded Oncogene Meq ... Molecular Detection of Hepatitis E Virus in Layer Chickens: A Possible Public Health Risk in Pakistan ...
SoybeanEnation mosaic virusCowpeaCucumber mosaiCloverDiseaseProteinAphidsPotyvirusTobamovirusPotatoPlantsAnthracnoseDISEASESSymptomsAssayVectorsMildInfectionImmunoStripDetectionNicotianaCarrotIsolateTransmitDwarfMelonsLettucePlantLeafPutativeWheatWidespreadCropStrainCankerSpeciesYellowAqueousCannabisSoilGROWSerology
- Alfalfa mosaic virus symptoms on soybean leaves in the field. (badgercropdoc.com)
- These symptoms are indicative of Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) on soybean. (badgercropdoc.com)
- Alfalfa mosaic virus is transmitted in low levels in soybean seed (Tolin, 1999). (badgercropdoc.com)
- Severe symptoms of Alfalfa mosaic virus on soybean leaflets. (badgercropdoc.com)
- Co-infection of soybean by AMV and Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) can also occur (Malapi-Nelson et la., 2009). (badgercropdoc.com)
- One reason for this is that many species of aphids can move into a soybean field and transmit the virus. (badgercropdoc.com)
- Incidence of Alfalfa mosaic virus , Bean pod mottle virus , and Soybean mosaic virus in Nebraska soybean fields. (badgercropdoc.com)
- Co-infection of soybean with soybean mosaic virus and alfalfa mosaic virus results in disease synergism and alteration in accumulation level of both viruses. (badgercropdoc.com)
- Seasonal progression, symptom development, and yield effect of Alfalfa mosaic virus epidemics on soybean in Wisconsin. (badgercropdoc.com)
- Please list any other brought in fertility sources that you use (specific rock powders, lime, soybean / alfalfa meal, specific purchased pre-mixes, etc)and how often it's used. (naturallygrown.org)
Enation mosaic virus2
- In the Palouse region, these include Pea enation mosaic virus, Bean leaf roll virus, Pea streak virus, and Alfalfa mosaic virus. (legumevirusproject.org)
- In addition, Pea enation mosaic virus and Bean leaf roll virus are not seed born so they must be carried into the crop by aphids from distant sources. (legumevirusproject.org)
- DAC-ELISA tests produced positive results for alfalfa mosaic virus (AIMV) and a mixture of viruses, including cucumber mosaic, blackeye cowpea mosaic, peanut stunt, and white clover mosaic viruses. (usda.gov)
- The 3a protein, encoded by RNA 3 of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), is the putative movement protein of viral progeny in infected plants. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Mutational analysis of cis - acting sequences and gene function in RNA 3 of cucumber mosaic virus. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Even though they are not as common as the previous ones, we cannot forget Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV) and Tomato Ringspot Virus (TomRSV). (cannabisground.com)
- Cell-to-cell trafficking of macromolecules through plasmodesmata potentiated by the red clover necrotic mosaic virus movement protein. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Transmission of the virus is most likely to occur when aphids migrate into potato fields from nearby alfalfa or clover fields, the usual hosts for this virus. (ucanr.edu)
- Plant certified seed tubers and avoid planting near alfalfa or clover. (ucanr.edu)
- Viola mottle virus did not react with antisera to strains CC10 and K11 of cactus virus X, or to clover yellow mosaic , narcissus mosaic , papaya mosaic , pepino mosaic or white clover mosaic viruses. (dpvweb.net)
- As plant germplasm is being regenerated at the Griffin, GA germplasm maintenance site, the appearance of possible disease symptoms is monitored to prevent new viruses from entering the U.S. Viruses isolates from Crotalaria (rattlepod or sunn hemp) produced unusual symptoms on Nicotiana benthamiana assay plants. (usda.gov)
- It is also an alternate host for alfalfa mosaic virus and crown fungus, which causes oat rust disease. (glideclubgdynia.pl)
- The pea aphid is more difficult to manage when it is vectoring disease causing viruses. (legumevirusproject.org)
- 5%) and there was little or no evidence of virus disease or presence of virus in the pea crop. (legumevirusproject.org)
- Populations of the alfalfa caterpillar can be reduced successfully by airplane application of the polyhedra virus, spreading an epidemic of wilt disease- polyhedrosis-among the pest. (ucanr.edu)
- Cantaloupe mosaic-a virus disease-has cut the production of early-summer melons in the desert valleys of southern California, particularly in the Imperial Valley. (ucanr.edu)
- The yellow stripes, mosaic and chlorotic spot symptoms of the disease resemble the viral infection in garlic reported to occur worldwide. (researcherslinks.com)
- These results are consistent with the idea that the CMV 3 a protein is involved in the modification of plasmodesmata and, therefore, in the cell-to-cell spread of the virus. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Visualization and characterization of tobacco mosaic virus movement protein binding to single-stranded nucleic acids. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Molecular characterization and biological function of the movement protein of tobacco mosaic virus in transgenic plants. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- An N- proximal sequence of the alfalfa mosaic virus movement protein is necessary for association with cell walls in transgenic plants. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- A non-structural protein of alfalfa mosaic virus in the walls of infected tobacco cells. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- The structure of alfalfa mosaic virus capsid protein assembled as a T=1 icosahedral particle at 4.0-A resolution. (versila.com)
- A virus with filamentous particles c. 480 nm long, consisting of one type of coat protein and one molecule of single-stranded RNA. (dpvweb.net)
- Recombinant DNA polymerase from Bacillus stearothermophilus and thermostable engineered reverse transcriptase from Moloney Murine Leukemia Virus were expressed using a prokaryotic system and purified by fast protein liquid chromatography. (bvsalud.org)
- Particularly, Tm-22 was used during recent decades to confer resistance against tobacco mosaic virus, tomato mottle mosaic virus and tomato mosaic virus, which recognizes the viral movement protein (MP). (bvsalud.org)
- Cellular and virus encoded lncRNAs are emerging as novel regulatory factors which can escape the anti-protein environment in the virus infected cells and are likely to be conserved across the species. (researcherslinks.com)
- Plant viruses are a protein capsid that contains genetic material. (cannabisground.com)
- As soon as the viruses reach the host cells they shed from their protein capsid and begin to thrive. (cannabisground.com)
- When the virus reaches the host cell, it releases itself from its protein capsid to liberate its viral RNA strand and begins to replicate its own genome. (cannabisground.com)
- Spraying insecticides to control aphids in order to reduce virus transmission has shown to be unsuccessful. (badgercropdoc.com)
- Remember, spraying aphids below threshold with an insecticide will only control the vector and won't solve your virus problem. (badgercropdoc.com)
- Alfalfa mosaic virus is transmitted by many species of aphids. (ucanr.edu)
- In Idaho, pea aphids can become very abundant in some years, reaching densities capable of causing direct injury to the crop, and reducing yield, even in the absence of viruses. (legumevirusproject.org)
- 1991). In years when aphid population growth is slow and virus is not suspected, insecticide treatments for aphids can often avoided entirely or are not required until well into the growing season, near flowering. (legumevirusproject.org)
- These two viruses are persistently transmitted by the aphids. (legumevirusproject.org)
- Newborn aphids are always virus free, but acquire the virus soon after feeding. (legumevirusproject.org)
- These delays in time to acquire persistently transmitted viruses provide the produce a cushion that can allow virus spread to be reduced by suppressing the aphids with insecticides. (legumevirusproject.org)
- If aphids are detected in the crop and are suspected to be carrying viruses (viruliferous) aggressive and early treatment can limit virus infections to the crop plants first colonized by the aphids. (legumevirusproject.org)
- Virus epidemics have always occurred when aphids are unusually abundant (see Aphid Outbreaks Since 1983, below). (legumevirusproject.org)
- As part of this Legume Virus Project we are collecting data on the occurrence of virus in immigrating aphids, as measured using a laboratory technique. (legumevirusproject.org)
- We expect that on some years virus will be more prevalent in immigrants - possibly the majority of aphids will be viruliferous - and that on such years producers should plan to treat aggressively. (legumevirusproject.org)
- To find out the prevalence of virus in immigrating aphids for a given season go to Locations & Data , where we will be posting information within a few days of capturing aphids in traps located throughout the Palouse region. (legumevirusproject.org)
- These viruses also use aphids and seeds as vectors and the leaves of the plant show mottling and poor growth too. (cannabisground.com)
- Again both aphids and seeds are believed to be the main vectors to expand these two disgusting viruses. (cannabisground.com)
- Unlike many arthropod viral vectors, such as aphids, thrips, and whiteflies, beetles do not transmit viruses in their saliva. (floristtrends.com)
- Aphids feed on carrot foliage, but they are a key pest because they can transmit diseases such as motley dwarf virus. (pnwhandbooks.org)
- V) and the Tomato mosaic tobamovirus (ToMV), but the samples also contained Alfalfa mosaic alfamovirus (AMV), Cucumber mosaic ClIC11171014171S (CMV) and Potato Y potyvirus (PVY). (unideb.hu)
- However, tomato brown rugose fruit virus(ToBRFV), a novel tobamovirus, can avoid the protection conferred by Tm-22 due to the presence of key substitutions in the MP. (bvsalud.org)
- Extreme Resistance to Potato Virus A in Potato Cultivar Barbara is Independently Mediated by Ra and Ry sto . (nih.gov)
- Increased sensitivity of RT-PCR for Potato virus Y detection using RNA isolated by a procedure with differential centrifugation. (nih.gov)
- Development of High-Resolution DNA Melting Analysis for Simultaneous Detection of Potato Mop-Top Virus and Its Vector, Spongospora subterranea , in Soil. (nih.gov)
- Antisera to viola mottle virus did not react with cymbidium mosaic or potato X viruses ( Lisa & Dellavalle, 1977 , and unpublished data). (dpvweb.net)
- In cases where severely infected plants are identified with AMV, tests of SMV may also result in confirmation of that aphid-transmitted virus too. (badgercropdoc.com)
- The movement of viruses in plants. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- In other words, so called 'secondary spread' of the virus from initially infected plants to the rest of the crop can be limited. (legumevirusproject.org)
- These plant viruses cause plants to turn yellow and speckled and stunt plant growth. (phytotheca.com)
- Science knows much more about viruses that attack human beings than those that attack plants. (cannabisground.com)
- Obviously we know some viruses that are really pernicious for our cannabis plants. (cannabisground.com)
- Therefore, there are viruses that affect cannabis but cannot affect other types of plants with different cells. (cannabisground.com)
- Among the different viruses that can attack our cannabis plants, TMV is probably the most stable one. (cannabisground.com)
- Although there are many viruses that attack the plants, when it comes to cannabis only two have been deeply studied: Hemp Mosaic Virus (HMV) and Hemp Streak Virus (HSV). (cannabisground.com)
- If you have read our article "Insects to fight pests in cannabis plants", you know how to fight and, above all, how to prevent these viruses. (cannabisground.com)
- And if you have read our article "Biological fight against cannabis pests" you must know that the best way to prevent all type of viruses is growing very healthy plants, which is a task that begins from the very beginning in a culture. (cannabisground.com)
- Viruses are a nightmare for plants, animals and human beings. (cannabisground.com)
- When it comes to cannabis plants, besides the ones we have mentioned before, we cannot forget others, such as Tobacco Streak Ringspot Virus (TRSV), Tobacco Streak Virus (TSV), Alfalfa Mosaic Virus (AMV). (cannabisground.com)
- Arabic Mosaic Virus (ArMV) infects cannabis plants through seeds and nematodes. (cannabisground.com)
- Symptomology varies by host and ranges from mild foliar mosaic and chlorotic flecks to severe leaf necrosis, rendering plants unmarketable. (floristtrends.com)
- While feeding, beetles regurgitate foregut-borne viruliferous sap, bathing their mouthparts and transferring the virus in a semi-persistent manner to feeding wounds on healthy plants. (floristtrends.com)
- Diagnostic testing of plant materials is the primary means of identifying viruses at initial and secondary production steps and excluding infected plants before introduction into production inventories. (floristtrends.com)
- Tablets made of garlic bulbs and allamanda leaves tremendously increased germination and reduced damping-off, seed rot, seedling blight and tip over of vegetables (egg-plant, tomato, chilli) in the nursery and leaf blight, anthracnose, fruit rot, root knot and leaf curl/mosaic of tomato and carrot in the field. (researcherslinks.com)
- Virus diseases were also more common in the 2003 crop than in recent times. (uky.edu)
- It is primarily an early season pest and transmits virus diseases. (pnwhandbooks.org)
- After the isolates had been transferred from N. benthamiana plant to plant about twenty times, only the AIMV could be detected by serology and the virus still produced the same symptoms on Crotalaria and N. benthamiana. (usda.gov)
- Virus symptoms are slow to develop, so once these are detected it is too late to achieve much protection by spraying the crop. (legumevirusproject.org)
- This assay does exhibit cross-reactivity with the Scrophularia mottle virus . (floristtrends.com)
- For more on the biology see The Pea Aphid and Important Viruses it Vectors . (legumevirusproject.org)
- Burn it and use globes and especial clothes because remember human beings are good vectors for viruses. (cannabisground.com)
- Genetic diversity of strawberry mild yellow edge virus from eastern Canada. (nih.gov)
- Synonyms: Groundnut mottle virus, Peanut mild mosaic virus, Peanut severe mosaic virus. (croptrust.org)
- Studies on Mild Mutants of Tabacco Mosaic Virus 1. (ppjonline.org)
- Low dormancy means that the alfalfa will sprout and grow in our mild winter climate. (ufl.edu)
- Infection often occurs on edges of fields located near alfalfa. (ucanr.edu)
- in most species the virus caused latent infection only ( Lisa & Dellavalle, 1977 ). (dpvweb.net)
- The virus infection of the Petunia genus was examined in Hungary. (unideb.hu)
- Agdia, Inc. (Elkhart, IN) is happy to announce the introduction of a rapid, user-friendly diagnostic product on their ImmunoStrip® platform for the detection of the Nemesia ring necrosis virus . (floristtrends.com)
- Agdia's new ImmunoStrip® for detection of Nemesia ring necrosis virus was evaluated against a diverse panel of NeRNV isolates from multiple geographic regions and detected all true positives. (floristtrends.com)
- Their products are marketed as AmplifyRP ® XRT and AmplifyRP ® Acceler8 ® , and include assays for detection of Xylella fastidiosa, Clavibacter sepedonicus, Plum pox virus and Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, in plant tissue. (agdia.com)
- Virus isolates from Crotalaria species in germplasm regeneration plots in Griffin, GA were found to produce an unexpected wilting and necrosis on Nicotiana benthamiana. (usda.gov)
- Capable of being infected by multiple viruses, including ring spot virus, carrot thin leaf virus, alfalfa mosaic virus and celery mosaic virus. (msu.edu)
- Distant serological relationships were detected to cactus virus X (strain BS) and hydrangea ringspot virus ( Lisa & Dellavalle, 1977 ), foxtail mosaic virus ( Short, 1981 ), nerine virus X ( Agapanthus isolate) ( Phillips & Brunt, 1980 ) and tulip virus X ( Mowat, 1979 ). (dpvweb.net)
- Keep in mind, adults only transmit INSV, whereas only larvae acquire the virus from an infected plant. (arizona.edu)
- Once infected, the aphid can transmit virus for life. (legumevirusproject.org)
- Prune dwarf virus (PDV) is one of the most dangerous pathogens of fruit trees worldwide. (umn.edu)
- Altogether 690 samples were collected from 29 locations of Punjab and 40 locations of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa to determine the prevalence of Onion Yellow Dwarf Virus. (researcherslinks.com)
- In late October, we were seeing western flower thrips populations building on romaine at YAC, but areawide traps in lettuce, melons and alfalfa showed adult movement has decreased in the past 2 weeks. (arizona.edu)
- What's most concerning is that the virus is now beginning to spread to adjacent lettuce. (arizona.edu)
- Calls, photos, and plant samples have been coming in over the last week (8/1/2014) pertaining to soybeans exhibiting abnormal growth and varying degrees of leaf mosaic (interwoven green and yellow areas). (badgercropdoc.com)
- Plant virus movement proteins. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Plant viruses need certain kinds of host cells thrive. (cannabisground.com)
- From that moment on, new capsids and proteins get formed to carry the virus from cell to cell in the plant. (cannabisground.com)
- Moreover, we can find a cannabis plant infected by different types of viruses. (cannabisground.com)
- No therapeutics are available for plant viruses, and exclusion is the best management practice. (floristtrends.com)
- Nemesia ring necrosis virus can be spread locally via mechanical transmission and the feeding behavior of several species of herbivorous beetles in the families Chrysomelidae (leaf beetles) and Curculionidae (snout beetles or weevils). (floristtrends.com)
- Functions of 1a and 2a are putative in most cases, by analogy to related viruses. (ictv.global)
- ca, alfalfa, berseem and garlic ) and wheat monoculture. (researcherslinks.com)
- Since then, NeRNV infections have been confirmed in New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States, while the virus is thought to be widespread throughout Europe and North America. (floristtrends.com)
- However, we have seen very often how a whole crop has been ruins through a virus. (cannabisground.com)
- A big crop of organic pea seed we contracted was inadvertently sprayed with a fungicide meant for a neighbor's alfalfa field. (fedcoseeds.com)
- A nucleic acid test (RT-PCR) followed by DNA sequencing of the expected product along with the serological tests indicate that the virus is a strain of AIMV and that it may be a new strain. (usda.gov)
- On the early identification and characterization of pear blister canker viroid, apple dimple fruit viroid, peach latent mosaic viroid and chrysanthemum chlorotic mottle viroid. (upv.es)
- But, unfortunately, there are some viruses with a great range of species to attack. (cannabisground.com)
- Yuchi is susceptible to bean yellow mosaic virus. (ufl.edu)
- Sediment the virus from the aqueous phase by high speed centrifugation (78,000 g for 90 min). (dpvweb.net)
- Virus in cannabis. (cannabisground.com)
- Cannabis can be affected by other viruses too. (cannabisground.com)
- Alfalfa requires a soil pH of 6.5-7.0, high soil fertility, well-drained soils, and good management, making it difficult to manage in wildlife food plot situations. (ufl.edu)
- Many commercially available food plot blends include mid- or high-dormancy alfalfas that do not grow well in the southern United States. (ufl.edu)
- These isolates were checked by serology and found to contain a virus that reacted with alfalfa mosaic virus (AIMV) as well as combinations of other viruses. (usda.gov)