Alcoholics: Persons who have a history of physical or psychological dependence on ETHANOL.Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic: FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to chronic excess ALCOHOL DRINKING.Liver Diseases, Alcoholic: Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.Hepatitis, Alcoholic: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. It is characterized by NECROSIS of HEPATOCYTES, infiltration by NEUTROPHILS, and deposit of MALLORY BODIES. Depending on its severity, the inflammatory lesion may be reversible or progress to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.Fatty Liver, Alcoholic: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells that is due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. The fatty changes in the alcoholic fatty liver may be reversible, depending on the amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES accumulated.Pancreatitis, Alcoholic: Acute or chronic INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS due to excessive ALCOHOL DRINKING. Alcoholic pancreatitis usually presents as an acute episode but it is a chronic progressive disease in alcoholics.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Alcoholics Anonymous: An organization of self-proclaimed alcoholics who meet frequently to reinforce their practice of abstinence.Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic: Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).Temperance: Habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural appetite, especially but not exclusively the consumption of alcohol.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Alcoholic Neuropathy: A condition where damage to the peripheral nervous system (including the peripheral elements of the autonomic nervous system) is associated with chronic ingestion of alcoholic beverages. The disorder may be caused by a direct effect of alcohol, an associated nutritional deficiency, or a combination of factors. Clinical manifestations include variable degrees of weakness; ATROPHY; PARESTHESIAS; pain; loss of reflexes; sensory loss; diaphoresis; and postural hypotension. (From Arch Neurol 1995;52(1):45-51; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1146)Psychoses, Alcoholic: A group of mental disorders associated with organic brain damage and caused by poisoning from alcohol.Alcohol Amnestic Disorder: A mental disorder associated with chronic ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) and nutritional deficiencies characterized by short term memory loss, confabulations, and disturbances of attention. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1139)Beer: An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Wernicke Encephalopathy: An acute neurological disorder characterized by the triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and disturbances of mental activity or consciousness. Eye movement abnormalities include nystagmus, external rectus palsies, and reduced conjugate gaze. THIAMINE DEFICIENCY and chronic ALCOHOLISM are associated conditions. Pathologic features include periventricular petechial hemorrhages and neuropil breakdown in the diencephalon and brainstem. Chronic thiamine deficiency may lead to KORSAKOFF SYNDROME. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1139-42; Davis & Robertson, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp452-3)Wine: Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium: An acute organic mental disorder induced by cessation or reduction in chronic alcohol consumption. Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure and heart rate, dilated pupils, and diaphoresis). This condition may occasionally be fatal. It was formerly called delirium tremens. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1175)Central Nervous System Depressants: A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).Acetaldehyde: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1: An ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450 enzyme that metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Substrates include ETHANOL; INHALATION ANESTHETICS; BENZENE; ACETAMINOPHEN and other low molecular weight compounds. CYP2E1 has been used as an enzyme marker in the study of alcohol abuse.Liver Cirrhosis: Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.Liver Diseases: Pathological processes of the LIVER.Liver Function Tests: Blood tests that are used to evaluate how well a patient's liver is working and also to help diagnose liver conditions.Alcohol Abstinence: Non-consumption of ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Hyalin: A clear, homogenous, structureless, eosinophilic substance occurring in pathological degeneration of tissues.Pellagra: A disease due to deficiency of NIACIN, a B-complex vitamin, or its precursor TRYPTOPHAN. It is characterized by scaly DERMATITIS which is often associated with DIARRHEA and DEMENTIA (the three D's).Alcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Fatty Liver: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells resulting in a yellow-colored liver. The abnormal lipid accumulation is usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES, either as a single large droplet or multiple small droplets. Fatty liver is caused by an imbalance in the metabolism of FATTY ACIDS.Alcohol Deterrents: Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.Pancreatitis: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.Aspartate Aminotransferases: Enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the conversion of L-aspartate and 2-ketoglutarate to oxaloacetate and L-glutamate. EC 2.6.1.1.Alcohol Dehydrogenase: A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures: A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)Antisocial Personality Disorder: A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Alcohol-Induced Disorders: Disorders stemming from the misuse and abuse of alcohol.Alanine Transaminase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-alanine and 2-oxoglutarate to pyruvate and L-glutamate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.6.1.2.Korsakoff Syndrome: An acquired cognitive disorder characterized by inattentiveness and the inability to form short term memories. This disorder is frequently associated with chronic ALCOHOLISM; but it may also result from dietary deficiencies; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; NEOPLASMS; CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS; ENCEPHALITIS; EPILEPSY; and other conditions. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1139)Aldehyde Dehydrogenase: An enzyme that oxidizes an aldehyde in the presence of NAD+ and water to an acid and NADH. This enzyme was formerly classified as EC 1.1.1.70.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Hepatic Encephalopathy: A syndrome characterized by central nervous system dysfunction in association with LIVER FAILURE, including portal-systemic shunts. Clinical features include lethargy and CONFUSION (frequently progressing to COMA); ASTERIXIS; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; brisk oculovestibular reflexes; decorticate and decerebrate posturing; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; and bilateral extensor plantar reflexes (see REFLEX, BABINSKI). ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY may demonstrate triphasic waves. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1117-20; Plum & Posner, Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma, 3rd ed, p222-5)Kupffer Cells: Specialized phagocytic cells of the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM found on the luminal surface of the hepatic sinusoids. They filter bacteria and small foreign proteins out of the blood, and dispose of worn out red blood cells.Liver Transplantation: The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.Thiamine Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of THIAMINE in the diet, characterized by anorexia, irritability, and weight loss. Later, patients experience weakness, peripheral neuropathy, headache, and tachycardia. In addition to being caused by a poor diet, thiamine deficiency in the United States most commonly occurs as a result of alcoholism, since ethanol interferes with thiamine absorption. In countries relying on polished rice as a dietary staple, BERIBERI prevalence is very high. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1171)Thiamine: 3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.Pancreatitis, Chronic: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS that is characterized by recurring or persistent ABDOMINAL PAIN with or without STEATORRHEA or DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the irregular destruction of the pancreatic parenchyma which may be focal, segmental, or diffuse.Alcohol-Related Disorders: Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.Hepatitis: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Ascites: Accumulation or retention of free fluid within the peritoneal cavity.gamma-Glutamyltransferase: An enzyme, sometimes called GGT, with a key role in the synthesis and degradation of GLUTATHIONE; (GSH, a tripeptide that protects cells from many toxins). It catalyzes the transfer of the gamma-glutamyl moiety to an acceptor amino acid.Splenorenal Shunt, Surgical: Anastomosis of splenic vein to renal vein to relieve portal hypertension.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Esophageal and Gastric Varices: Dilated blood vessels in the ESOPHAGUS or GASTRIC FUNDUS that shunt blood from the portal circulation (PORTAL SYSTEM) to the systemic venous circulation. Often they are observed in individuals with portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).Event-Related Potentials, P300: A late-appearing component of the event-related potential. P300 stands for a positive deflection in the event-related voltage potential at 300 millisecond poststimulus. Its amplitude increases with unpredictable, unlikely, or highly significant stimuli and thereby constitutes an index of mental activity. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 6th ed)Gait Ataxia: Impairment of the ability to coordinate the movements required for normal ambulation (WALKING) which may result from impairments of motor function or sensory feedback. This condition may be associated with BRAIN DISEASES (including CEREBELLAR DISEASES and BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES); SPINAL CORD DISEASES; or PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES.Disulfiram: A carbamate derivative used as an alcohol deterrent. It is a relatively nontoxic substance when administered alone, but markedly alters the intermediary metabolism of alcohol. When alcohol is ingested after administration of disulfiram, blood acetaldehyde concentrations are increased, followed by flushing, systemic vasodilation, respiratory difficulties, nausea, hypotension, and other symptoms (acetaldehyde syndrome). It acts by inhibiting aldehyde dehydrogenase.Thiamine Monophosphate: Thiamine dihydrogen phosphate ester. The monophosphate ester of thiamine. Synonyms: monophosphothiamine; vitamin B1 monophosphate.Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Father-Child Relations: Interaction between the father and the child.Personality Tests: Standardized objective tests designed to facilitate the evaluation of personality.Portasystemic Shunt, Surgical: Surgical venous shunt between the portal and systemic circulation to effect decompression of the portal circulation. It is performed primarily in the treatment of bleeding esophageal varices resulting from portal hypertension. Types of shunt include portacaval, splenorenal, mesocaval, splenocaval, left gastric-caval (coronary-caval), portarenal, umbilicorenal, and umbilicocaval.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Pentoxifylline: A METHYLXANTHINE derivative that inhibits phosphodiesterase and affects blood rheology. It improves blood flow by increasing erythrocyte and leukocyte flexibility. It also inhibits platelet aggregation. Pentoxifylline modulates immunologic activity by stimulating cytokine production.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Parotid DiseasesSex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary: FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to obstruction of BILE flow (CHOLESTASIS) in the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC; BILE DUCTS, EXTRAHEPATIC). Primary biliary cirrhosis involves the destruction of small intra-hepatic bile ducts and bile secretion. Secondary biliary cirrhosis is produced by prolonged obstruction of large intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts from a variety of causes.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Hepatitis, Chronic: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER with ongoing hepatocellular injury for 6 months or more, characterized by NECROSIS of HEPATOCYTES and inflammatory cell (LEUKOCYTES) infiltration. Chronic hepatitis can be caused by viruses, medications, autoimmune diseases, and other unknown factors.Hepatorenal Syndrome: Functional KIDNEY FAILURE in patients with liver disease, usually LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL), and in the absence of intrinsic renal disease or kidney abnormality. It is characterized by intense renal vasculature constriction, reduced renal blood flow, OLIGURIA, and sodium retention.Ketosis: A condition characterized by an abnormally elevated concentration of KETONE BODIES in the blood (acetonemia) or urine (acetonuria). It is a sign of DIABETES COMPLICATION, starvation, alcoholism or a mitochondrial metabolic disturbance (e.g., MAPLE SYRUP URINE DISEASE).Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Oxidative Stress: A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).Bilirubin: A bile pigment that is a degradation product of HEME.Atrophy: Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.Pyruvate Decarboxylase: Catalyzes the decarboxylation of an alpha keto acid to an aldehyde and carbon dioxide. Thiamine pyrophosphate is an essential cofactor. In lower organisms, which ferment glucose to ethanol and carbon dioxide, the enzyme irreversibly decarboxylates pyruvate to acetaldehyde. EC 4.1.1.1.Boredom: A psychological state resulting from any activity that lacks motivation, or from enforced continuance in an uninteresting situation.Alcohol-Induced Disorders, Nervous System: Acute and chronic neurologic disorders associated with the various neurologic effects of ETHANOL. Primary sites of injury include the brain and peripheral nerves.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Hypertension, Portal: Abnormal increase of resistance to blood flow within the hepatic PORTAL SYSTEM, frequently seen in LIVER CIRRHOSIS and conditions with obstruction of the PORTAL VEIN.Hepatocytes: The main structural component of the LIVER. They are specialized EPITHELIAL CELLS that are organized into interconnected plates called lobules.Drug-Induced Liver Injury: A spectrum of clinical liver diseases ranging from mild biochemical abnormalities to ACUTE LIVER FAILURE, caused by drugs, drug metabolites, and chemicals from the environment.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Energy Drinks: Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Naltrexone: Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage: Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Aversive Therapy: A treatment that suppresses undesirable behavior by simultaneously exposing the subject to unpleasant consequences.Liver Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Portal System: A system of vessels in which blood, after passing through one capillary bed, is conveyed through a second set of capillaries before it returns to the systemic circulation. It pertains especially to the hepatic portal system.Pancreatic Diseases: Pathological processes of the PANCREAS.Lipid Peroxidation: Peroxidase catalyzed oxidation of lipids using hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor.Self-Help Groups: Organizations which provide an environment encouraging social interactions through group activities or individual relationships especially for the purpose of rehabilitating or supporting patients, individuals with common health problems, or the elderly. They include therapeutic social clubs.Nutritional Support: The administration of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient by means other than normal eating. It does not include FLUID THERAPY which normalizes body fluids to restore WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.Polyphenols: A large class of organic compounds having more than one PHENOL group.Muscular Diseases: Acquired, familial, and congenital disorders of SKELETAL MUSCLE and SMOOTH MUSCLE.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Ellagic Acid: A fused four ring compound occurring free or combined in galls. Isolated from the kino of Eucalyptus maculata Hook and E. Hemipholia F. Muell. Activates Factor XII of the blood clotting system which also causes kinin release; used in research and as a dye.Rib FracturesDiet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.Povidone-Iodine: An iodinated polyvinyl polymer used as topical antiseptic in surgery and for skin and mucous membrane infections, also as aerosol. The iodine may be radiolabeled for research purposes.Carcinoma, Hepatocellular: A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.Dextropropoxyphene: A narcotic analgesic structurally related to METHADONE. Only the dextro-isomer has an analgesic effect; the levo-isomer appears to exert an antitussive effect.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Pancreas: A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.Hepatic Veins: Veins which drain the liver.Cooking and Eating UtensilsPancreatic Pseudocyst: Cyst-like space not lined by EPITHELIUM and contained within the PANCREAS. Pancreatic pseudocysts account for most of the cystic collections in the pancreas and are often associated with chronic PANCREATITIS.Adrenal Cortex HormonesGenotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Transactional Analysis: A psychoanalytic therapy wherein each social transaction is analyzed to determine the involved ego state (whether parent-like, child-like, or adult-like) as a basis for understanding behavior.Extraversion (Psychology): A state in which attention is largely directed outward from the self.Brain Damage, Chronic: A condition characterized by long-standing brain dysfunction or damage, usually of three months duration or longer. Potential etiologies include BRAIN INFARCTION; certain NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ANOXIA, BRAIN; ENCEPHALITIS; certain NEUROTOXICITY SYNDROMES; metabolic disorders (see BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC); and other conditions.Recreation Therapy: The enhancement of physical, cognitive, emotional and social skills so an individual may participate in chosen activities. Recreational modalities are used in designed intervention strategies, incorporating individual's interests to make the therapy process meaningful and relevant.Agave: A genus known for fibers obtained from their leaves: sisal from A. sisalana, henequen from A. fourcroyoides and A. cantala, or Manila-Maguey fiber from A. cantala. Some species provide a sap that is fermented to an intoxicating drink, called pulque in Mexico. Some contain agavesides.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Buspirone: An anxiolytic agent and serotonin receptor agonist belonging to the azaspirodecanedione class of compounds. Its structure is unrelated to those of the BENZODIAZAPINES, but it has an efficacy comparable to DIAZEPAM.NebraskaGlossitis: Inflammation of the tongue.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Marital Therapy: A form of psychotherapy involving the husband and wife and directed to improving the marital relationship.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Malondialdehyde: The dialdehyde of malonic acid.Water SofteningPsychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Hepatitis C: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.Liver Circulation: The circulation of BLOOD through the LIVER.Strongyloides stercoralis: A species of parasitic nematode widely distributed in tropical and subtropical countries. The females and their larvae inhabit the mucosa of the intestinal tract, where they cause ulceration and diarrhea.Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Phenols: Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.Bible: The book composed of writings generally accepted by Christians as inspired by God and of divine authority. (Webster, 3d ed)EstoniaPharyngeal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PHARYNX.Behavior, Addictive: The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Medicine, Ayurvedic: The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.Cassia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Many species of this genus, including the medicinal C. senna and C. angustifolia, have been reclassified into the Senna genus (SENNA PLANT) and some to CHAMAECRISTA.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Liver Failure: Severe inability of the LIVER to perform its normal metabolic functions, as evidenced by severe JAUNDICE and abnormal serum levels of AMMONIA; BILIRUBIN; ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE; ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE; LACTATE DEHYDROGENASES; and albumin/globulin ratio. (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed)Hepatic Stellate Cells: Perisinusoidal cells of the liver, located in the space of Disse between HEPATOCYTES and sinusoidal endothelial cells.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Soaps: Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.Codependency (Psychology): A relational pattern in which a person attempts to derive a sense of purpose through relationships with others.Methylenetetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase (NAD+)Ethyl EthersTrypsinogen: The inactive proenzyme of trypsin secreted by the pancreas, activated in the duodenum via cleavage by enteropeptidase. (Stedman, 25th ed)Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Lipotropic Agents: Endogenous factors or drugs that increase the transport and metabolism of LIPIDS including the synthesis of LIPOPROTEINS by the LIVER and their uptake by extrahepatic tissues.Beriberi: A disease caused by a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1) and characterized by polyneuritis, cardiac pathology, and edema. The epidemic form is found primarily in areas in which white (polished) rice is the staple food, as in Japan, China, the Philippines, India, and other countries of southeast Asia. (Dorland, 27th ed)Peripheral Nervous System Diseases: Diseases of the peripheral nerves external to the brain and spinal cord, which includes diseases of the nerve roots, ganglia, plexi, autonomic nerves, sensory nerves, and motor nerves.Folic Acid Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of FOLIC ACID in the diet. Many plant and animal tissues contain folic acid, abundant in green leafy vegetables, yeast, liver, and mushrooms but destroyed by long-term cooking. Alcohol interferes with its intermediate metabolism and absorption. Folic acid deficiency may develop in long-term anticonvulsant therapy or with use of oral contraceptives. This deficiency causes anemia, macrocytic anemia, and megaloblastic anemia. It is indistinguishable from vitamin B 12 deficiency in peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, but the neurologic lesions seen in B 12 deficiency do not occur. (Merck Manual, 16th ed)Inhibition (Psychology): The interference with or prevention of a behavioral or verbal response even though the stimulus for that response is present; in psychoanalysis the unconscious restraining of an instinctual process.Transferrin: An iron-binding beta1-globulin that is synthesized in the LIVER and secreted into the blood. It plays a central role in the transport of IRON throughout the circulation. A variety of transferrin isoforms exist in humans, including some that are considered markers for specific disease states.Harm Reduction: The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.Stearates: Salts and esters of the 18-carbon saturated, monocarboxylic acid--stearic acid.Portacaval Shunt, Surgical: Surgical portasystemic shunt between the portal vein and inferior vena cava.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Taurine: A conditionally essential nutrient, important during mammalian development. It is present in milk but is isolated mostly from ox bile and strongly conjugates bile acids.Venous Pressure: The blood pressure in the VEINS. It is usually measured to assess the filling PRESSURE to the HEART VENTRICLE.Yeast, Dried: The dry cells of any suitable strain of SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE or CANDIDA. It can be obtained as a by-product from the brewing of beer or by growing on media not suitable for beer production. Dried yeast serves as a source of protein and VITAMIN B COMPLEX.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Diencephalon: The paired caudal parts of the PROSENCEPHALON from which the THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; EPITHALAMUS; and SUBTHALAMUS are derived.Opium: The air-dried exudate from the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, or its variant, P. album. It contains a number of alkaloids, but only a few - MORPHINE; CODEINE; and PAPAVERINE - have clinical significance. Opium has been used as an analgesic, antitussive, antidiarrheal, and antispasmodic.Binge Drinking: Drinking an excessive amount of ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES in a short period of time.Personality Disorders: A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.Mamillary Bodies: A pair of nuclei and associated gray matter in the interpeduncular space rostral to the posterior perforated substance in the posterior hypothalamus.Trypsin Inhibitor, Kazal Pancreatic: A pancreatic trypsin inhibitor common to all mammals. It is secreted with the zymogens into the pancreatic juice. It is a protein composed of 56 amino acid residues and is different in amino acid composition and physiological activity from the Kunitz bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (APROTININ).Pancreatic Juice: The fluid containing digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas in response to food in the duodenum.Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins: Sodium chloride-dependent neurotransmitter symporters located primarily on the PLASMA MEMBRANE of serotonergic neurons. They are different than SEROTONIN RECEPTORS, which signal cellular responses to SEROTONIN. They remove SEROTONIN from the EXTRACELLULAR SPACE by high affinity reuptake into PRESYNAPTIC TERMINALS. Regulates signal amplitude and duration at serotonergic synapses and is the site of action of the SEROTONIN UPTAKE INHIBITORS.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Vitamin B Deficiency: A condition due to deficiency in any member of the VITAMIN B COMPLEX. These B vitamins are water-soluble and must be obtained from the diet because they are easily lost in the urine. Unlike the lipid-soluble vitamins, they cannot be stored in the body fat.Endotoxins: Toxins closely associated with the living cytoplasm or cell wall of certain microorganisms, which do not readily diffuse into the culture medium, but are released upon lysis of the cells.

Research refines alcoholism treatment options. (1/90)

Every day, more than 700,000 people in the United States receive treatment for alcoholism. In recent years, much progress has been made in understanding how both psychological approaches and medications can help these patients achieve sobriety, including evaluation of existing treatment approaches and development of new ones. Continued research to refine therapies for alcoholism will have widespread benefits for alcohol-dependent people, for their families, and for society as a whole, which bears the weight of the enormous economic and social costs of problem drinking. This article reviews the current state of alcoholism treatment research.  (+info)

Naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence. (2/90)

BACKGROUND: Although naltrexone, an opiate-receptor antagonist, has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of alcohol dependence, its efficacy is uncertain. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of naltrexone as an adjunct to standardized psychosocial treatment. We randomly assigned 627 veterans (almost all men) with chronic, severe alcohol dependence to 12 months of naltrexone (50 mg once daily), 3 months of naltrexone followed by 9 months of placebo, or 12 months of placebo. All patients were offered individual counseling and programs to improve their compliance with study medication and were encouraged to attend Alcoholics Anonymous meetings. RESULTS: There were 209 patients in each group; all had been sober for at least five days before randomization. At 13 weeks, we found no significant difference in the number of days to relapse between patients in the two naltrexone groups (mean, 72.3 days) and the placebo group (mean, 62.4 days; 95 percent confidence interval for the difference between groups, -3.0 to 22.8). At 52 weeks, there were no significant differences among the three groups in the percentage of days on which drinking occurred and the number of drinks per drinking day. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings do not support the use of naltrexone for the treatment of men with chronic, severe alcohol dependence.  (+info)

Do adolescents affiliate with 12-step groups? A multivariate process model of effects. (3/90)

OBJECTIVE: Research with adolescents has revealed salutary effects for 12-step attendance on substance use outcomes, but no studies have examined the effects of 12-step affiliation, or active involvement, beyond simple measures of attendance. Prior research with adults has shown that measures of affiliation are more predictive than measures of attendance. This study (1) assessed attributes that may influence 12-step attendance and affiliation; (2) tested whether 12-step affiliation in the first 3 months posttreatment possessed unique predictive power above that attributable to attendance alone; and (3) examined the extent to which motivation, coping and self-efficacy measured at 3 months mediated the relation between 12-step affiliation and substance use outcome in the ensuing 3 months. METHOD: Adolescent inpatients (N = 74, 62% female), who were aged 14-18 years (mean [SD] = 15.9 [1.19] years), were interviewed during treatment and at 3 and 6 months postdischarge. RESULTS: More severely substance-involved youth were more motivated for abstinence and more likely to attend and affiliate with 12-step groups. A high degree of collinearity between 12-step attendance and affiliation suggested that those attending were also likely to be those actively involved. As a consequence, affiliation did not predict outcome over and above frequency of attendance. Motivation was found to influence the relationship between 12-step affiliation and future substance use outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Given the widespread treatment recommendations for adolescent 12-step involvement, more study is needed to determine what kinds and what aspects of 12-step groups and fellowships are helpful to adolescent change efforts and what alternatives should be developed.  (+info)

Is attendance at Alcoholics Anonymous meetings after inpatient treatment related to improved outcomes? A 6-month follow-up study. (4/90)

AIMS: This study investigates the relationship between attendance at Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) meetings prior to, during, and after leaving treatment, and changes in clinical outcome following inpatient alcohol treatment. METHODS: A longitudinal design was used in which participants were interviewed at admission (within 5 days of entry), and 6 months following departure. The sample comprised 150 patients in an inpatient alcohol treatment programme who met ICD-10 criteria for alcohol dependence. The full sample was interviewed at admission to treatment. Six months after departure from treatment, 120 (80%) were re-interviewed. RESULTS: Significant improvements in drinking behaviours (frequency, quantity and reported problems), psychological problems and quality of life were reported. Frequent AA attenders had superior drinking outcomes to non-AA attenders and infrequent attenders. Those who attended AA on a weekly or more frequent basis after treatment reported greater reductions in alcohol consumption and more abstinent days. This relationship was sustained after controlling for potential confounding variables. Frequent AA attendance related only to improved drinking outcomes. Despite the improved outcomes, many of the sample had alcohol and psychiatric problems at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The importance of aftercare has long been acknowledged. Despite this, adequate aftercare services are often lacking. The findings support the role of Alcoholics Anonymous as a useful aftercare resource.  (+info)

Helping other alcoholics in alcoholics anonymous and drinking outcomes: findings from project MATCH. (5/90)

OBJECTIVE: Although Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is the largest mutual-help organization for alcoholics in the world, its specific mechanisms that mobilize and sustain behavior change are poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to examine prospectively the relationship between helping other alcoholics and relapse in the year following treatment for alcohol use disorders. METHOD: Data were derived from Project MATCH, a longitudinal prospective investigation of the efficacy of three behavioral treatments for alcohol abuse and dependence. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates were used to calculate probabilities of time to alcohol relapse. To identify the unique value of helping other alcoholics when controlling for the number of AA meetings attended, proportional hazards regressions were conducted to determine whether the likelihood of relapse was lower for those who were helping other alcoholics. RESULTS: There were no demographic differences that distinguished participants in regard to involvement in helping other alcoholics, with the exception of age; those who were helping other alcoholics were, on average, 3 years older than those who were not helping alcoholics. Those who were helping were significantly less likely to relapse in the year following treatment, independent of the number of AA meetings attended. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide compelling evidence that recovering alcoholics who help other alcoholics maintain long-term sobriety following formal treatment are themselves better able to maintain their own sobriety. Clinicians who treat persons with substance abuse disorders should encourage their clients to help other recovering alcoholics to stay sober.  (+info)

Management of alcoholism in the primary care setting. (6/90)

Primary care physicians can play an important role in managing alcoholic patients. Identifying and treating alcoholism early, before it has interfered with patients' relationships and work, may increase the likelihood of prolonged recovery. Simple office interventions can help motivate patients to abstain and seek treatment. People who abuse alcohol and are unwilling to abstain can benefit from a recommendation to reduce their intake of alcohol. For alcohol-dependent patients who decide to stop drinking, primary care physicians often can manage withdrawal on an outpatient basis. Selecting an appropriate treatment program for each alcoholic patient is important, and referral to a specialist to assist in matching patients to treatments is often necessary. Primary care physicians also can help prevent relapse. Although disulfiram is of limited value, primary care physicians can support recovery by identifying coexistent psychosocial problems, helping patients to restructure their lives, and ensuring continuity of care.  (+info)

Are alcoholism treatments effective? The Project MATCH data. (7/90)

BACKGROUND: Project MATCH was the largest and most expensive alcoholism treatment trial ever conducted. The results were disappointing. There were essentially no patient-treatment matches, and three very different treatments produced nearly identical outcomes. These results were interpreted post hoc as evidence that all three treatments were quite effective. We re-analyzed the data in order to estimate effectiveness in relation to quantity of treatment. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data from a multisite clinical trial of alcohol dependent volunteers (N = 1726) who received outpatient psychosocial therapy. Analyses were confined to the primary outcome variables, percent days abstinent (PDA) and drinks per drinking day (DDD). Overall tests between treatment outcome and treatment quantity were conducted. Next, three specific groups were highlighted. One group consisted of those who dropped out immediately; the second were those who dropped out after receiving only one therapy session, and the third were those who attended 12 therapy sessions. RESULTS: Overall, a median of only 3% of the drinking outcome at follow-up could be attributed to treatment. However this effect appeared to be present at week one before most of the treatment had been delivered. The zero treatment dropout group showed great improvement, achieving a mean of 72 percent days abstinent at follow-up. Effect size estimates showed that two-thirds to three-fourths of the improvement in the full treatment group was duplicated in the zero treatment group. Outcomes for the one session treatment group were worse than for the zero treatment group, suggesting a patient self selection effect. Nearly all the improvement in all groups had occurred by week one. The full treatment group had improved in PDA by 62% at week one, and the additional 11 therapy sessions added only another 4% improvement. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that current psychosocial treatments for alcoholism are not particularly effective. Untreated alcoholics in clinical trials show significant improvement. Most of the improvement which is interpreted as treatment effect is not due to treatment. Part of the remainder appears to be due to selection effects.  (+info)

Rates and predictors of relapse after natural and treated remission from alcohol use disorders. (8/90)

AIMS: This study examined the rates and predictors of 3-year remission, and subsequent 16-year relapse, among initially untreated individuals with alcohol use disorders who did not obtain help or who participated in treatment and/or Alcoholics Anonymous in the first year after recognizing their need for help. DESIGN AND MEASURES: A sample of individuals (n = 461) who initiated help-seeking was surveyed at baseline and 1 year, 3 years, 8 years and 16 years later. Participants provided information on their life history of drinking, alcohol-related functioning and life context and coping. FINDINGS: Compared to individuals who obtained help, those who did not were less likely to achieve 3-year remission and subsequently were more likely to relapse. Less alcohol consumption and fewer drinking problems, more self-efficacy and less reliance on avoidance coping at baseline predicted 3-year remission; this was especially true of individuals who remitted without help. Among individuals who were remitted at 3 years, those who consumed more alcohol but were less likely to see their drinking as a significant problem, had less self-efficacy, and relied more on avoidance coping, were more likely to relapse by 16 years. These findings held for individuals who initially obtained help and for those who did not. CONCLUSIONS: Natural remission may be followed by a high likelihood of relapse; thus, preventive interventions may be indicated to forestall future alcohol problems among individuals who cut down temporarily on drinking on their own.  (+info)

Alcoholics Anonymous Meetings in Kahului, HI. Find phone numbers, addresses and information about Alcoholics Anonymous Meetings in Kahului.
Alcoholics Anonymous Meetings in Burnsville, MN. Find phone numbers, addresses and information about Alcoholics Anonymous Meetings in Burnsville.
There are two types of alcoholics anonymous meetings - the open meeting and the closed meeting. The open meetings will have speakers who will talk about how they drank, how AA helped them and people will share experiences. Family members and people interested in AA are welcome to attend open meetings.
Find 13 listings related to Alcoholic Anonymous Meetings in East Wenatchee on YP.com. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Alcoholic Anonymous Meetings locations in East Wenatchee, WA.
Find 3 listings related to Narcotics Anonymous Meetings in Anchorage on YP.com. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Narcotics Anonymous Meetings locations in Anchorage, AK.
Another way to make sure that people continue to attend your meeting is giving them something tangible to do. Believe it or not when most people are asked to do something they feel a responsibility to do it. So it is important when someone volunteers an idea that the Chairperson at the Coalition meeting says, "Thats a great idea, can you make that happen? How will you make it happen and by when?" Most people come to Coalition meetings because they want to actively participate and get something done. And tangible projects and work will make people feel like the Coalition meeting is more than just a meeting ...
In this Stage 1 therapy development project, we plan to develop, formalize, and derive effect size estimates of a contingency management (CM) therapy that focuses on improving health, especially as related to increasing low intensity physical activities, such as walking, resistance training, and stretching. The Healthy Activities for Prize Incentives (HAPI) intervention will be targeted toward and tested within HIV-positive substance abusers who attend HIV drop-in centers. After initial therapy development in a Stage 1a pilot project with 9 patients, the therapy manuals and materials will be adapted and refined. In a Stage 1b controlled trial, we will recruit and randomize 70 substance abusing HIV-positive patients to (a) HAPI plus 12-step facilitation therapy or (b) contingency management for abstinence plus 12-step facilitation therapy. Each intervention will consist of one weekly individual therapy session for 16 weeks. All participants will provide urine and breath specimens twice weekly ...
In this Stage 1 therapy development project, we plan to develop, formalize, and derive effect size estimates of a contingency management (CM) therapy that focuses on improving health, especially as related to increasing low intensity physical activities, such as walking, resistance training, and stretching. The Healthy Activities for Prize Incentives (HAPI) intervention will be targeted toward and tested within HIV-positive substance abusers who attend HIV drop-in centers. After initial therapy development in a Stage 1a pilot project with 9 patients, the therapy manuals and materials will be adapted and refined. In a Stage 1b controlled trial, we will recruit and randomize 70 substance abusing HIV-positive patients to (a) HAPI plus 12-step facilitation therapy or (b) contingency management for abstinence plus 12-step facilitation therapy. Each intervention will consist of one weekly individual therapy session for 16 weeks. All participants will provide urine and breath specimens twice weekly ...
now. Youll get exclusive free access to Daily Meditations, Speaker Tapes and Daily Online Video AA / NA meetings. There are over 240,000 members who are willing to share their experience, strength and hope with YOU.. Learn More About InTheRooms.com. ...
now. Youll get exclusive free access to Daily Meditations, Speaker Tapes and Daily Online Video AA / NA meetings. There are over 240,000 members who are willing to share their experience, strength and hope with YOU.. Learn More About InTheRooms.com. ...
Poor recruitment in clinical trials is well-documented. In large, multi-centre trials, communication between the coordinating centre and trial sites is essential. A commonly used communication tool is the hosting of an investigator/collaborator meeting, which offers an opportunity for sites to re-train and receive trial updates, learn from each other, share best practice and troubleshoot issues. Anecdotally, there is a perception that recruitment rates may increase after holding such a meeting. The aim of this before-and-after study was to examine any changes in recruitment after an investigator meeting. We conducted a retrospective study of nine trials at the Nottingham Clinical Trials Unit (NCTU) that were open to recruitment between 2014 and 2018. In the 8 weeks prior to the date of the investigator meeting, 82 sites (across nine trials) were open to recruitment; 60 of which attended the meeting, 22 who did not. Using meeting attendance data available in Trial Master Files (TMF) and recruitment data
Principal investigators are invited to attend the 7th Strategic Conference of Zebrafish Investigators (SCZI), hosted by the International Zebrafish Society (IZFS). The conference will be held January 14-18, 2017 at the Asilomar Conference Grounds, Pacific Grove, CA. The meeting attendance is limited to encourage discussion.. The SCZI will open on Saturday evening, January 14 with a Keynote Lecture by Anne Brunet from Stanford University at 7:00 pm, followed by an opening plenary session and a welcome reception. The meeting will end on Wednesday, January 18 after breakfast.. SCZI will feature three community sessions on topics of great importance to the zebrafish community, four plenary sessions highlighting cutting-edge research and technological advances, and numerous concurrent sessions and workshops.. ...
Northeastern Ontario Agricultural Forum - Minutes Hosted by the Northeastern Ontario Soil and Crop Improvement Association and MIRARCO March 25, 2010 Meeting Attendance Gerald Beaudry, West Nipissing SCIA Peter Beckett, Laurentian University Brian Bell, OMAFRA Nick Betts, Outreach Coordinator, SCIA Kelly Bird, NEOSCIA Pascal Brovin, Université du Québec Murray Cochrane, Algoma SCIA Normand Delorme, President…
Our aa meetings chicago is a private helper to finding the right achieving in your town with the town. with meetings in the loop, the westside, the southside, along with the northside you are able to have above 1000 possibilities from which to choose. The following information was shipped to make life easier and obtain the actual available resource which you will want when you get away from therapy. The website is divided into components where you can find each location along with the morning and time you will want to appropriatly find the conference.. Detailed with google roadmaps each and every meeting would go to a certain sort of tackle that can be sent to your cell phone for traveling instructions back and forth from each meeting. This will make life simple and easy , gets one to your destination rapidly. Try out our new website and have the right information to produce your restoration simpler this season. Will not trick with the e-book please take a online self-help guide to conferences ...
AA Noord 7:30 AM Monday through Saturday 6:00 PM Fridays (Beginners) 7:00 PM Thursday, Saturday 12:30 PM Sunday 8:00 PM Tuesday (Spanish Group) Al-Anon
Thank you ladies so much for your love and support, youve shown me through word of mouth how to keep coming back and to fight the good fight of recovery.. ...
McCall Foundation Winsted Satellite Office is a drug and alcohol rehab center based at 231 North Main Street in Winsted, CT. The primary approaches to treatment at this program include Cognitive Based Therapy, Services to Reduce the Risk of Relapse, 12-Step Facilitation Approach. The center also offers its services in various environments, including Outpatient Recovery. McCall Foundation Winsted Satellite Office also offers various programs that are tailored to meet the needs of specific people such as: Aftercare Plans, Drug Abuse Evaluation, Mental Health Treatment Services. Finally, McCall Foundation Winsted Satellite Office accepts different payment types, such as Cash Payment, Medicaid Coverage, Insurance Through Medicare. ...
Comprehensive Opioid Response with the Twelve Steps (COR-12™), embraces the latest and best research, which indicates that certain medications can be used to improve treatment engagement and future recovery outcomes for people with opioid use disorders. The use of medications has been integrated with the evidence-based, world-class Twelve Step facilitation model to form the foundation of a unique ...
List of Alcoholics Anonymous meetings in Pullman, Washington. Visiting AA groups near you is a proven way to get on a road to recovery from alcohol abuse.
Speakers at some Alcoholics Anonymous meetings and special events are recorded. AA members use and share these recordings as a way to help themselves and others.
Knowing whether a probationer is more or less likely to commit new crimes lets probation officers better match rehabilitative programs with probationers needs, Sanders said.. And using what are called "evidence-based practices" means probation officers have stopped using therapies and punishments that clearly dont work and have started using those that do, Sanders said.. For example, probation officers used to force people convicted of alcohol-related offenses to attend Alcoholics Anonymous meetings, but there was no evidence suggesting AA lowered recidivism rates.. Instead, probation officers now require attendance at cognitive-skills therapy sessions. Studies show this therapy improves impulse control and thinking skills, Sanders said. ...
Through The Opportunity Project, the bureau is connecting data-laden federal agencies with private-sector innovators who can use that data to solve real...
Individuals treated for Alzheimer’s disease had lower all-cause health care costs and lower mortality rates, compared with untreated individuals, according to data presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference.To compare all-cause mortality and economic burden between treated and untreated individuals newly diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, researchers
One of the great things about the 12 step sobriety program is that youll be able to get lots of support within almost any community. Because one of the steps in the program is to help other people when youve been helped, youll find people who have been through the program, who have been sober for a long time, but know the problems that you face. Theyll know how to help you with your life.
Dr. Uhrich responded: Why wait?. The point is that you dont have to do it alone. And it doesnt just go away like a cold. Get help and support at any 12 step meeting and get an evaluation by a psychiatrist. He may recommend only the 12 step program, or he may be able to help you even more!
The Positive Sobriety Institutes addiction experts design individualized, science based comprehensive treatment plans for professionals.
Hello again! Im back, now the mobile site is up and running I can come on here more. Quick run down and catch up, alcohol still a major stumbling block for me. Broke up with my girlfriend of two and a half years a week ago, my choice but still ****ed my head up, logical thing to do? Get smashed (lo...
Good morning. Ive been off the site for a couple of weeks but keeping up with the posts. Most of what Ive seen is people newly sober posting advice, support,...
Hey everyone! Im happy to say that I think Ive been doing pretty good. To recap I had 13 days of sobriety and then relapsed for 2 days and now Ive had 4 days of sobriety again after that....
Gabrielle Glaser-The Atlantic: The 12 steps are so deeply ingrained in the United States that many people, including doctors and therapists, believe attending meetings, earning ones sobriety chips, and never taking another sip of alcohol is the only way to get better. Hospitals, outpatient clinics, and rehab centers use the 12 steps as the basis…
I am almost at my 3 year Sobriety date! However I have a Sister who is also an Addict but she is still in her Active Addiction. She has been using for
FACEDEPOT7B Biomatric Device is a new addition and low range series of biometric Fingerprint and attendance machine. MegaMind Technosoft provider
TY - JOUR. T1 - Are alcoholism treatments effective? The Project MATCH data. AU - Cutler, Robert B.. AU - Fishbain, David A.. PY - 2005/7/14. Y1 - 2005/7/14. N2 - Background: Project MATCH was the largest and most expensive alcoholism treatment trial ever conducted. The results were disappointing. There were essentially no patient-treatment matches, and three very different treatments produced nearly identical outcomes. These results were interpreted post hoc as evidence that all three treatments were quite effective. We re-analyzed the data in order to estimate effectiveness in relation to quantity of treatment. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of data from a multisite clinical trial of alcohol dependent volunteers (N = 1726) who received outpatient psychosocial therapy. Analyses were confined to the primary outcome variables, percent days abstinent (PDA) and drinks per drinking day (DDD). Overall tests between treatment outcome and treatment quantity were conducted. Next, three specific ...
... - Amway Grand Plaza - Grand Rapids - Michigan - United States - United States - Event Overview:\r\nThe principal goal of this meeting is to educate attendees in patient blood management, which includes the timely application of evidence-based medical and surgical concepts designed to maintain hemoglobin concentration, optimize hemostasis, and minimize blood loss in an effort to improve patient outcomes. The target audience is medical professionals who care for anemic and surgical patients and administrators who are interested in improving patient outcomes while reducing healthcare costs. SABM is a multi-disciplinary organization, and meeting attendance includes a wide variety of medical specialties, comparable to the composition of our membership.\r\nExhibitor Information:\r\nWhy ExhibitThe Society for the Advancement of Blood Management has 480 members and hosts one annual meeting per year with exhibit, sponsorship and
Neglecting our recovery is like neglecting any other gift weve been given. Suppose someone gave you a new car. Would you let it sit in the driveway until the tires rotted? Would you just drive it, ignoring routine maintenance, until it expired on the road? Of course not! You would go to great lengths to maintain the condition of such a valuable gift.. Recovery is also a gift, and we have to care for it if we want to keep it. While our recovery doesnt come with an extended warranty, there is a routine maintenance schedule. This maintenance includes regular meeting attendance and various forms of service. Well have to do some daily cleaning-our Tenth Step-and, once in a while, a major Fourth Step overhaul will be required. But if we maintain the gift of recovery, thanking the Giver each day, it will continue.. The gift of recovery is one that grows with the giving. Unless we give it away, we cant keep it. But in sharing our recovery with others, we come to value it all the more. ...
New Jersey (NJ) substance abuse meetings at Narcotics Anonymous. Find New Jersey meetings for addiction recovery and group support.
NOON AWAKENINGS MEETING. Noon Awakenings will start having in-person meetings at the Alano Club on Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays starting July 10th. Online Noon Awakenings meetings will continue 7 days per week until further notice. The number of in-person and on-line meetings will change as the COVID transition continues. Alano Club address: 10728 - 124 Street, enter through the BACK DOOR. Note: there is limited parking so try to find parking on the residential side streets) ...
Directions Counseling Center is based in Watertown, Wisconsin - 53098. Directions Counseling Center accepts Cash or Self-Payment, Medicaid for Alcohol and Drug Treatment, Private Health Insurance for the following treatment approaches: Cognitive/Behavior Therapy, Relapse Prevention, 12-Step Facilitation Approach. The setting that they provide these services in are: Outpatient Rehabilitation. All of these services are provided for the following types of care: Drug and Alcohol Treatment Services. Directions Counseling Center also offers a number of special programs including: Aftercare/Continuing Care, Comprehensive Substance Abuse Assessment, Mental Health Services. ...
11 Registered Nurse - PRN - Baptist Memorial Rehab Hospital Germantown, TN, USA You want to work in a healthcare setting where you are valued and appreciated - where you receive respect from your superiors and co-workers as well as the patients/residents you treat. You want to ...... Apply Now>> ...
List of Alcoholics Anonymous meetings in Dallas, Texas. Visiting AA groups near you is a proven way to get on a road to recovery from alcohol abuse.
In heron rehab residential you will attend groups, NA meetings, lectures, individual counseling, and watch recovery orientated videos. I would not mess with the females because getting into a relationship while in treatment does not work. I have done that to.. One needs to make plans for there reentry into society for instance make a list of the meetings you plan to attend find out where they are and what time they meet. I would also check into getting some addiction therapy this will help you to unload all your negativity. This should be a great start for anyone but it takes action if you are ready to stop using heroin take action today.. Now that you are home the first thing you need to do is get yourself to a narcotics anonymous meeting. Do not say oh I have been in treatment for two weeks I need a day off because this is where it all starts with neglecting your heroin addiction recovery. I can not tell you how many people do this but my guess is that very few of them stay clean and sober for ...
Can you see the real me? - Pete Townshend. As a person who has struggled with addictions and depression throughout my life, I took the news of Robin Williams passing in 2014 hard. Like the passing of Philip Seymour Hoffman earlier that year, it hit very close to home. It reminded me that long term sobriety is no guarantee of freedom of relapse. Its still one day at a time, depending on my spiritual condition.. I staggered into my first twelve step meeting in 1985 with depression and constant suicidal thoughts running through my mind. The cumulative effects of a dysfunctional childhood, years of binge drinking and PTSD were proving too much for me carry by myself anymore. I wanted out. Twelve Step meetings were my last ditch attempt to help myself.. At first I wasnt so sure I even wanted to stop drinking. But I wanted the pain to go away so I listened to what was being said. I put down the drink and went to meetings. At some point during that first year I understood that I had been given a ...
Nevertheless, the extraordinary flowering of democratic civilization among cybermicrobes has won the admiration of many human nations, even those who themselves still decline UN membership. As Swiss spokesbeing Ursula Friedli observes: Microbes, unlike their metazoan relatives, have always eschewed centralized organization in favour of more democratic cooperative structures such as biofilms. We Swiss can relate to that. Friedli, however, denies rumours that the cybermicrobes example will finally convince Switzerland to join the UN. Maybe after the Alzheimer prion joins, well consider it, she admits. But for now, persecuted microbes seeking refuge from WHO can apply for asylum in our neutral country ...
Been around AA/NA since 1999. Im 34 and have this seen and heard almost all of it. Being in AA for 15 plus years I definitely understand criticisms of the program. Yet at its core AA really is nothing more than nothing. Yes there are occasionally meetings and some lackluster districts and hierarchy at group, district, regional and New York level but no one runs AA, there is no "clergy". There are no real leaders- or at least there shouldnt be- that is why its so hard to change AA or approach it as if it were any other organization. Its not. Its seriously just some pretty mundane "steps" written by a rather weird dead guy. People take his simple stream of consciousness writing and will literally analyze it for their whole life to gleam deep insights about "life". It is very silly. Still- I agree with three main components or "steps" of AA- examining your resentment and bitterness by viewing your part, making direct amends within reason when it will clearly help someone recover from your ...
Been around AA/NA since 1999. Im 34 and have this seen and heard almost all of it. Being in AA for 15 plus years I definitely understand criticisms of the program. Yet at its core AA really is nothing more than nothing. Yes there are occasionally meetings and some lackluster districts and hierarchy at group, district, regional and New York level but no one runs AA, there is no "clergy". There are no real leaders- or at least there shouldnt be- that is why its so hard to change AA or approach it as if it were any other organization. Its not. Its seriously just some pretty mundane "steps" written by a rather weird dead guy. People take his simple stream of consciousness writing and will literally analyze it for their whole life to gleam deep insights about "life". It is very silly. Still- I agree with three main components or "steps" of AA- examining your resentment and bitterness by viewing your part, making direct amends within reason when it will clearly help someone recover from your ...
I am assuming if you are here reading this you have realized the addiction part, and just want to make the softest possible landing you can from the dependency part. Getting clean is easy, staying clean is much harder. If you notice, I always use the term clean rather than sober. The reason I do this, is that the term sober is related to AA/NA (12 steps), and the term clean means that you arent using the drug that you wanted to stop anymore. If you are in a 12 step program there is absolutely nothing wrong with that. I was in the program for many years, my first meeting was around 1988 (Cocaine) and my last was in 2006. I havent touched coke in over 27 years, so I am forever grateful for the program. But, I also realized that running a program is not my cup of tea. I dont buy into the addiction is a disease model, I also dont believe in a higher power hanging around to help me stay clean, and I definitely dont think that staying away from every mind altering substance for the rest ...
Refusing to take a field sobriety test may be misconstrued as an admission of guilt. A DUI defense attorney can explain refusal as part of a DUI defense.
Site content is not intended to be a statement of A.A. policy. Announcements of a general interest are presented solely as a service, not as an endorsement. ...
Site content is not intended to be a statement of A.A. policy. Announcements of a general interest are presented solely as a service, not as an endorsement. ...
Answers from specialists on unable to eat. First: Compulsions and cravings are very difficult to control by self-discipline alone. Consider counseling or a 12 step group such as overeaters anonymous. Good luck!
"Alcoholics Anonymous (A. A.) Meetings in Paradise Valley, Arizona". Alcoholics Anonymous. Retrieved February 27, 2016. "The ART ... Outside organizations are also allowed to use the church's facilities, including Alcoholics Anonymous. St. Barnabas' current ...
... and Adult Children of Alcoholics (ACoA), which are based on the twelve-step program model of Alcoholics Anonymous and Celebrate ... "AA Timeline". Alcoholics Anonymous. Retrieved 2014-01-17. Al-Anon Family Groups. "Suggested Al-Anon Preamble to the Twelve ... Al-Anon was formed in 1951, 16 years after Alcoholics Anonymous was founded. Al-Anon holds the view that alcoholism is a family ... Travis, Trish (2009). The Language of the Heart, A Cultural History of the Recovery Movement from Alcoholics Anonymous to Oprah ...
Minogue SJ (May 1948). "Alcoholics Anonymous". Med. J. Aust. 1 (19): 586. PMID 18868217. Maclean, J.R.; Macdonald, D.C.; Ogden ... One patient of Janiger's, bipolar and alcoholic artist Frank Murdoch, was given a controlled, experimental dose of LSD for ...
Alcoholics Anonymous). The chapel had been rebuilt after a fire in 1978 and was reconsecrated in 1989. The majority of Catholic ...
Local Alcoholics Anonymous meetings are held on Tuesday and Thursday evenings, with a women-only session on Fridays. National ... "Alcoholics Anonymous". Reformed Church of New Hurley. Retrieved November 19, 2015. Church website. ...
Counsellor, Alcoholics Anonymous. Member, Aboriginal Reference Group, Anglicare WA, since 2008. Current Adviser on Noongar ...
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). In: Barnett, G. (ed). Encyclopedia of Social Networks. London, England: Sage, 2011. Responses to ...
in Alcoholics Anonymous Comes Of Age (1957), quoted in "History" on the Calvary-St. George's Parish website "Official History" ... Calvary has a strong connection to Alcoholics Anonymous. When the Rev. Dr. Samuel Shoemaker was the minister there, from 1925 ... Sam Shoemaker, an A.A. "Co-Founder" and Spiritual Source". Alcoholics Anonymous History. A.A. History. Retrieved February 25, ... is remembered as a co-founder and spiritual leader of Alcoholics Anonymous. Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright (1792-1854) - Dr. ...
Stuff (12 August 2005). "The chef drank too much". Alcoholics Anonymous UK. Archived from the original on 5 May 2006. Retrieved ... He became a homeless alcoholic, recovered, and founded an alcohol awareness charity. Michael was one of 6 children born to ...
Narcotics Anonymous Alcoholics Anonymous. ... Some people may exhibit alcoholic tendencies from the moment of ... Neurofeedback therapy has shown statistically significant improvements in numerous researches [2] conducted on alcoholic as ...
Robert and Anne Smith House (Akron, Ohio). Birthplace of Alcoholics Anonymous. Dr. Susan LaFlesche Picotte Memorial Hospital ( ...
Alcoholics Anonymous & Narcotics Anonymous; Assaultive Offender Therapy [4]; Thinking for A Change [5] classes; parenting ...
Galanter, Marc (2016). What is Alcoholics Anonymous? A Path from Addiction to Recovery. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN ...
Alcoholics Anonymous (February 2002). "Chapter 5: How It Works". Alcoholics Anonymous: The Story of how Many Thousands of Men ... Higher Power is a term coined in the 1930s in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and is used in other twelve-step programs. It is also ... Sources that may have contributed to the adoption of the term in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), the first twelve-step group, ... Alcoholics Anonymous World Services. December 1980. pp. 306-315. ISBN 0-916856-07-0. Bill W. (February 2002). "Spiritual ...
Alcoholics Anonymous "The Big Book" 4th edition, p. 13. Alcoholics Anonymous Comes Of Age (1957), William G. Wilson, p. 63. An ... Alcoholics Anonymous. Pass it On The Story of Bill Wilson and How The A.A. Message Reached the World, New York: Alcoholics ... Alcoholics Anonymous, p. 101. Pittman, pp. 167-8. Pittman, p. 169. Cheevers, p. 114. Pittman, p. 163. Pittman, p. 87. ... Bill Wilson, cofounder of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), was admitted to Towns Hospital four times between 1933 and 1934. On his ...
"Alcoholics Anonymous : Alcoholics Anonymous". Aa.org. Retrieved 2015-06-02. "Augustus Hare Society Pages". Augustus-hare.tripod ... Bill W., author of Alcoholics Anonymous (1939), the book which inspired the modern spiritual alcoholism recovery movement of ...
Alcoholics Anonymous & Narcotics Anonymous; Assaultive and Sex Offender Therapy; Thinking for A Change; Cage Your Rage; ...
Alcoholics Anonymous: The Big Book. Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc., 4th edition; 2002.[page needed] http://www. ... The Alcoholics Anonymous organization cites resentment as the number one offender, and one of the greatest threats to an ... alcoholic. Several of the Twelve Steps of AA involve identifying and dealing with resentment as part of the path toward ...
However, its roots date back to the early 1940s and the founding of the first Alcoholics Anonymous chapter in Philadelphia. One ... "Alcoholics Anonymous history in Pennsylvania". silkworth.net. Retrieved 2016-03-08. "A.A. History - Philadelphia A.A. ... This was the first private alcoholic treatment center in the United States. In 1948, Saul and Davis moved the Saul Clinic from ... The Malvern Institute focues on rehabilitating alcoholics and drug abusers through evidence-based care and a 12-step philosophy ...
Seiberling began the "alcoholic squad," or the first version of Alcoholics Anonymous. In their first case, Dr. Bob Smith ... Seiberling was very involved in the development of early Alcoholics Anonymous. Seiberling helped by teaching alcoholics about ... She and others of the Oxford group founded Alcoholics Anonymous. Born in Lawrenceburg, Kentucky to Judge Julius A. Buckler and ... On her gravestone is an inscription familiar to both the Oxford Group people and to the fellowship of Alcoholics Anonymous: " ...
Alcoholics Anonymous Comes of Age. New York: Alcoholics Anonymous Publishing, Inc. 1957. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-916856-02-1. AA ... Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions is a 1953 book, which explains the twenty-four basic principles of Alcoholics Anonymous and ...
Agile enterprises exist in corporate (e.g. W. L. Gore & Associates and Oticon), non-profit (e.g., Alcoholics Anonymous), ...
In 1939, Tiebout received a pre-publication copy of the book, Alcoholics Anonymous. After looking it over, he gave it to one of ... Marty Mann:The First Lady of Alcoholics Anonymous. pp. 97-99, p105. ISBN 1-59285-307-2. Pass It On: The story of Bill Wilson ... The central effect of Alcoholics Anonymous was "to develop in the person a spiritual state which will serve as a direct ... He served on the Board of Trustees of Alcoholics Anonymous from 1957-1966 and was president of the National Council on ...
Alcoholics Anonymous Comes of Age. Alcoholics Anonymous Publishing, Inc. 1957. pp. 24-25. "Rollie Hemsley is dead at 65: ... Hemsley would later attend Alcoholics Anonymous meetings to help himself sober up. He revealed his membership to the press in ...
Bufe, Charles (1988). Alcoholics Anonymous: Cult or Cure?. See Sharp Press. ISBN 978-1884365126. Bufe, Chaz (1994). An ... including a critique of Alcoholics Anonymous and two pamphlets on ideas about a future anarchist or utopian society. One was "A ...
That same year, she joined Alcoholics Anonymous and converted to Roman Catholicism. She credited her recovery to a priest, ... She hit bottom in 1949 and went into a sanitarium for alcoholics. ...
Support groups (such as Alcoholics Anonymous). The patient should be tested, and if necessary, treated for other medical ...
Alcoholics Anonymous is a fellowship of men and women who share their experience, strength and hope with each other that they ... Like most websites Alcoholics Anonymous (GB) Ltd. uses cookies. In order to deliver a personalised, responsive service and to ... you may be interested to know something about Alcoholics Anonymous and the AA programme of recovery from alcoholism. ... www.alcoholics-anonymous.org.uk/Professionals/Videos-for-Professionals ...
Alcoholics Anonymous World Services. 2002.. *^ "Alcoholics Anonymous 2007 Membership Survey" (PDF). Alcoholics Anonymous World ... "Alcoholics Anonymous 2004 Membership Survey" (PDF). Alcoholics Anonymous World Services General Service Office. 2005. Archived ... "Alcoholics Anonymous 1998 membership survey". New York: Alcoholics Anonymous World Services. 1999.. ... "The Irrationality of Alcoholics Anonymous". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2016-04-15.. *^ Beresford, Thomas (2016), Alcoholics ...
Copyright © 2020 by Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. All rights reserved. This is the official Website of the General ... A.A. Literature , eBooks , Read the Big Book and Twelve & Twelve , Alcoholics Anonymous Facsimile First Printing , Make a ... The "Blue People" graphic is a trademark of Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. All rights reserved.. ... of Alcoholics Anonymous. Videos or graphic images may not be downloaded, copied or duplicated without the express written ...
What is the difference between a drunk and an alcoholic? A drunk doesnt have... ... "Alcoholics Anonymous", 4th Edition, Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. ISBN 1-893007-17-0 ... "Alcoholics Anonymous is a fellowship of men and women who share their experience, strength and hope with each other that they ... only an alcoholic can decide if he or she is an alcoholic. I know that I am an alcoholic, and thats as far as I go.. I started ...
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These are the original Twelve Steps as published by Alcoholics Anonymous.. 1. We admitted we were powerless over alcohol-that ... Definition: Alcoholics Anonymous 12 Steps. By Wikipedia. See all Articles by Stephanie OuelletteGet Updates on Addiction and ... Overeaters Anonymous, Co-Dependents Anonymous and Emotions Anonymous. As summarized by the American Psychological Association, ... The Twelve Steps were initially published in the first edition of Alcoholics Anonymous ("The Big Book") in 1939; since then ...
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The first Twelve Step program for Recovery, it is a voluntary worldwide fellowship of men and women who meet to attain and maintain sobriety. Sobriety is maintained through sharing experience, strength and hope at group meetings and through working through the suggested Twelve Step program for recovery with a sponsor. This is an open meeting not only for students at Baylor, but also for young people in the Waco community in recovery. Contact: [email protected]
... By Darleen Prangue. See all Articles by Darleen PrangueGet Updates on ... Since the 1930s Alcoholics Anonymous has spread from the United States of America throughout the world and has transcended the ... Bill W one of the cofounders of Alcoholics Anonymous asked his doctor to speak to a fellow sufferer of the disease. Bill had ... Drug addicts and alcoholics throughout the world have been found among every walk of life and in every socioeconomic strata. ...
... AA Noord 7:30 AM Monday through Saturday. 6:00 PM Fridays (Beginners). 7:00 PM Thursday, ...
Inside Alcoholics Anonymous. A&E Television Network, June 12, 2000.. Exclusively on this website. * Peele, S. (1997), A brief ... Alcoholics Anonymous. Journal Articles and Book Chapters. *Peele, S. (1991), Commentary on The lay treatment community, in P. ...
How to Join Alcoholics Anonymous. Anyone can join AA who thinks they may have a problem with alcohol.Find a meeting that is ... Join-Alcoholics-Anonymous-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Join-Alcoholics-Anonymous-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/b6\/Join- ... Join-Alcoholics-Anonymous-Step-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Join-Alcoholics-Anonymous-Step-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/f7\/Join- ... Join-Alcoholics-Anonymous-Step-7.jpg\/v4-460px-Join-Alcoholics-Anonymous-Step-7.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/e\/e3\/Join- ...
Many people who recognize that they have a drinking problem arent aware that there are alternatives to Alcoholics Anonymous. ... Quit-Drinking-without-Alcoholics-Anonymous-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Quit-Drinking-without-Alcoholics-Anonymous-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl ... Quit-Drinking-without-Alcoholics-Anonymous-Step-1.jpg\/aid63005-v4-728px-Quit-Drinking-without-Alcoholics-Anonymous-Step-1.jpg ... Quit-Drinking-without-Alcoholics-Anonymous-Step-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Quit-Drinking-without-Alcoholics-Anonymous-Step-2.jpg","bigUrl ...
Alcoholics Anonymous, Alcoholics Anonymous Comes of Age (New York: Alcoholics Anonymous, 1957, ISBN 091685602X). ... Alcoholics Anonymous Comes of Age. A Brief History of AA. New York: Alcoholics Anonymous, 1957. ISBN 091685602X. ... Alcoholics Anonymous does receive proceeds from the sale of its book Alcoholics Anonymous, along with other published books and ... The 12 Traditions of Alcoholics Anonymous. The affairs of Alcoholics Anonymous are governed broadly by AAs Twelve Traditions, ...
A Massachusetts man was arrested for drunk driving after he drove his car onto the lawn of Alcoholics Anonymous co-founder Bill ... Wilson founded the mutual aid movement Alcoholics Anonymous with Dr. Bob Smith in 1935. Following Alcoholics Anonymouss ... Man Arrested For DUI On Alcoholics Anonymous Co-Founders Lawn. By Eric Brown @ericbrownzzz On 12/27/12 AT 10:59 PM. ... The Wilson House is used as a weekly meeting place for several Alcoholics Anonymous groups and is on the National Register of ...
This week Ive been researching the history of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and getting up to speed on all things related to ... The 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous "R" is for "Recognize." Its so basic it may sound obvious - but the obvious isnt always ...
Alcoholics Anonymous (1957). Alcoholics Anonymous Comes of Age: A Brief History of A. A. New York: Alcoholics Anonymous World ... Experience, Strength and Hope: Stories from the First Three Editions of Alcoholics Anonymous, New York: Alcoholics Anonymous, ... www.alcoholics-anonymous.org/en_pdfs/p-48_04survey.pdf AA 2004 Membership Survey 12x12 Alcoholics Anonymous p. 561 Narcotics ... Alcoholics Anonymous (PDF) (4th ed.). New York, New York: Alcoholics Anonymous World Services. pp. 1-16. ISBN 1-893007-16-2. ...
Alcoholics Anonymous, the worldwide fellowship of sobriety seekers, is the most effective path to abstinence, according to a ... Alcoholics Anonymous most effective path to alcohol abstinence. Stanford Medicine. Journal. Cochrane Database of Systematic ... Alcoholics Anonymous, the worldwide fellowship of sobriety seekers, is the most effective path to abstinence, according to a ... The researchers looked only at studies of AA; they excluded Narcotics Anonymous and organizations focused on addiction to other ...
... although hesitant to call themselves alcoholics, discovered at a certain point that their drinking... ... At 24 years old, I already know a number of people who, although hesitant to call themselves alcoholics, discovered at a ... concerns the appeal of dating a fellow alcoholic: you speak the same recovery language, you dont have to explain yourself, ...
Alcoholicos Anonimos/Alcoholics Anonymous by Joseph Kessel, 9788401450686, available at Book Depository with free delivery ...
Contact details and more information from Alcoholics Anonymous in Mumbai. Search through over 7564, NGOs database by State, ...
This is the classic text guiding the fellowship of Alcoholics Anonymous. This fourth, expanded edition relates how millions of ... Publisher: Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc.. Published Year: 1986. The fourth edition of Alcoholics Anonymous, ... Alcoholics Anonymous Big Book Pocket Edition Pocket edition Item: 2052 Other Publisher. ... This is the classic text guiding the fellowship of Alcoholics Anonymous. This fourth, expanded edition relates how millions of ...
The Mount Dora Golden Triangle Group of Alcoholics Anonymous will have a Christmas party at 6 p.m. Monday at the Leesburg ... MOUNT DORA - The Mount Dora Golden Triangle Group of Alcoholics Anonymous will have a Christmas party at 6 p.m. Monday at the ...
Gamblers Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous, Sexaholics Anonymous, dan Overeaters Anonymous. AA didirikan oleh Bill Wilson, seorang ... 12 Langkah Alcoholics Anonymous[sunting , sunting sumber]. *We admitted we were powerless over alcohol - that our lives had ... Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) adalah sebuah perkumpulan informal untuk mantan pecandu alkohol. Anggota bertemu dalam kelompok- ... Alcoholics Anonymous adalah program 12 langkah pertama yang menjadi model bagi perkumpulan-perkumpulan lainnya, misalnya Al- ...
  • Although Alcoholics Anonymous is the subject of hundreds of books and extensive research, "Staying Sober" is different because it takes a single AA group as its subject and deals not only with the members' ideology, but how AA works for them through social relationships and group dynamics. (berkeley.edu)
  • Sixteen stories are retained from the third edition, including the "Pioneers of AA" section, which helps the reader remain linked to AA's historic roots, and shows how early members applied this simple but profound program that helps alcoholics get sober today. (hazelden.org)
  • Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in the 1930s by a group of men who who turned to each other for help staying sober. (stanford.edu)
  • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) was founded in 1935 by Bill Wilson (known as Bill W.) and Dr. Robert Smith (known as Dr. Bob). (wikipedia.org)
  • Two years later, Wilson founded the mutual aid movement Alcoholics Anonymous with Dr. Bob Smith in 1935. (ibtimes.com)
  • AA began with the chance meeting of two people on May 12, 1935: Bill W., an alcoholic stockbroker from New York, and Bob S., an alcoholic surgeon in Akron, Ohio. (valorebooks.com)
  • Hosted by WAYPAA - Western Australian Young People In Alcoholics Anonymous A New Freedom and a New Happiness Friday 7th to 9th December 2018 Mercure Hotel 10 Irwin Street, Perth WA 6000 Weekend registration and masquerade dinner dance $80 - before 7.11.18. (aa.org.au)
  • Other members find their Higher Power in a friend, in nature, in the book Alcoholics Anonymous, in their AA group or any other source of outside help.A. A. Services Staff, A. A. Services is the author of 'Alcoholics Anonymous', published 2002 under ISBN 9781893007178 and ISBN 1893007170. (valorebooks.com)
  • Working-class women in Mexico are more likely to join Neurotics Anonymous or Al-Anon, a group for family members of alcoholics, Brandes said). (berkeley.edu)
  • York Street was founded in 1948 by members of Denver Alcoholics Anonymous Group One, we have served the needs of alcoholics and their families in the greater Denver, Colorado metro area ever since. (volunteermatch.org)
  • Public events begin at 3 p.m. Saturday, May 27, and include sessions from psychologists and other speakers - including longtime members - discussing how Alcoholics Anonymous programs work and their benefits to individuals, families and communities. (vaildaily.com)
  • The way that Alcoholics Anonymous members share their experiences of suffering is akin to what happens in a military unit or a musical group or a family, where the idea of 'we're all in this together' becomes particularly strong, said Keith Humphreys, professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Stanford University. (cnn.com)
  • Alcoholics Anonymous has more than 1.2 million members in the United States, encompassing more than 55,000 groups across the country. (cnn.com)
  • All AA members remain anonymous. (recovery.org)
  • In May of 1985, with the help of members from our initial group, Depressed Anonymous was started. (depressedanon.com)
  • Breaking through that denial and confronting reality is what members of Alcoholics Anonymous and Depressed Anonymous mean by "hitting bottom. (depressedanon.com)
  • Simultaneously it will help you to precisely diagnose the deception of Alcoholics Anonymous.Followers of Christ, A.A. members, and their families can ill afford to miss dozens of eye-opening revelations as David Simmons delivers his compassionate message of hope. (cokesbury.com)
  • John Kelly, who is working on the updated version of the Cochrane review concerning Alcoholics Anonymous, says that there are "positive results in favor of Twelve-Step Facilitation treatments that have emerged from the numerous NIH-sponsored randomized clinical trials completed since the original review published in 2006. (wikipedia.org)
  • This wasn't the only news in favor of Alcoholics Anonymous today. (cnn.com)
  • Oxford programs for recovery and influences of Oxford evangelism can still be detected in key practices of Alcoholics Anonymous. (wikipedia.org)
  • This week I've been researching the history of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and getting up to speed on all things related to addiction and Christian addiction recovery-for that new book project I mentioned last week. (beliefnet.com)
  • concerns the appeal of dating a fellow alcoholic: you speak the same 'recovery language,' you don't have to explain yourself, etc. (glamour.com)
  • The fourth edition of Alcoholics Anonymous , affectionately known as the Big Book, includes twenty-four new stories and continues to pass on AA's message of hope and recovery to millions. (hazelden.org)
  • This fourth edition was approved by the General Service Conference of Alcoholics Anonymous, in the hope that many more may be led toward recovery by reading its explanation of the AA program and its varied examples of personal experiences which demonstrate that the AA program works. (hazelden.org)
  • Since 1954, Twenty-Four Hours a Day has become a stable force in the recovery of many alcoholics throughout the world. (audible.com)
  • Moreover, spiritual beliefs and behaviors appear to at least partially be responsible for successful recovery from alcoholic behaviors. (cnn.com)
  • Of course, Alcoholics Anonymous isn't for everyone, and there are plenty of secular programs out there, such as Rational Recovery , that don't overtly make religiosity part of the process. (cnn.com)
  • I felt that we had possibly found a way out of depression, using the 12 spiritual principles of Alcoholics Anonymous and modeling this program of recovery for persons depressed, The Dean's response was doubtful. (depressedanon.com)
  • The 2020 National Convention of Alcoholics Anonymous is in Toowoomba - 2nd to the 5th of October. (aa.org.au)
  • Berkeley - When University of California, Berkeley, anthropologist Stanley Brandes was invited by his Mexico City shoeshine man to join him at a meeting of Alcoholics Anonymous, the longtime scholar of Spain and Latin America was a bit surprised, but he immediately agreed. (berkeley.edu)
  • A Massachusetts man was arrested for drunk driving after he drove his car onto the lawn of Alcoholics Anonymous co-founder Bill Wilson's house in Dorset, Vt. (ibtimes.com)
  • A little known book by Richard Peabody titled The Common Sense of Drinking first proffered the alcoholic could "train his mind" so that he would no longer want to drink. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The teachings follow what the Big Book of Alcoholics Anonymous prescribes. (audible.com)
  • This is the Original Big Book of Alcoholics Anonymous 1st Edition . (audible.com)
  • Alcoholics Anonymous - Big Book It's more than a book. (abebooks.co.uk)
  • Alcoholics Anonymous-The Big Book--has served as a lifeline to millions worldwide. (abebooks.co.uk)
  • This undated photo provided by Profiles In History shows a collection of 19 first-edition copies of the founding document of Alcoholics Anonymous, known to adherents as the "Big Book," that will be auctioned off in Los Angeles next month. (wate.com)
  • LOS ANGELES (AP) - A collection of 19 first-edition copies of the founding document of Alcoholics Anonymous, known to adherents as the "Big Book," will be auctioned off in Los Angeles next month. (wate.com)
  • Book Description The Anonymous Press, 2008. (abebooks.com)
  • Alcoholics Anonymous, A.A., The Big Book, and Box 4-5-9 are registered trademarks or service marks of A.A. World Services, Inc . The Grapevine, A.A. Grapevine, GV, and Box 1980 are registered trademarks or service marks of The A.A. Grapevine, Inc . (aa-intergroup.org)
  • You can earn a 5% commission by selling Alcoholics Anonymous - Big Book - First Edition on your website. (fishpond.co.nz)
  • Videos or graphic images may not be downloaded, copied or duplicated without the express written permission of Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. The "Blue People" graphic is a trademark of Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. All rights reserved. (aa.org)
  • To create this article, 13 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. (wikihow.com)
  • Many people who recognize that they have a drinking problem aren't aware that there are alternatives to Alcoholics Anonymous. (wikihow.com)
  • At 24 years old, I already know a number of people who, although hesitant to call themselves alcoholics, discovered at a certain point that their drinking was a problem and ceased drinking altogether, even socially. (glamour.com)
  • They found that participants in Alcoholics Anonymous said they increased their spiritual beliefs and practices, especially people who were low on those measures when they first began Alcoholics Anonymous. (cnn.com)
  • The basic text of the Alcoholics Anonymous, which traces its roots, explores its precepts, and presents stories from participants that demonstrate the program's effectiveness. (worldcat.org)
  • Demi Lovato has recalled her "terrible" Met Gala experience from two years ago, saying the atmosphere was so off-putting that she ended up leaving the party for an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting. (business-standard.com)
  • Bill Wilson borrowed from it heavily in composing Alcoholics Anonymous. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • AA has its prophets and dogma - Bill Wilson, Dr. Bob Smith (the co-founders) and the text Alcoholics Anonymous. (soberforever.net)
  • Bill W. and Dr. Bob tells the true story of stockbroker Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob Smith, whose relationship spawned the creation of Alcoholics Anonymous. (theatermania.com)
  • Anonymous programs draw their membership from all different races, religious backgrounds, nationalities and cultures and have in themselves formed a subculture with its basis in biology and psychology rather than geography. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Is Alcoholics Anonymous Religious? (recovery.org)
  • Changing any word of the text Alcoholics Anonymous is tantamount to deep heresy, like any religious movement. (soberforever.net)
  • In Silkworth's view, alcoholics were caught by the delusion that despite often severe consequences of the last drinking episode, no harm will be done by the next drink. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Exposing the Myth of Alcoholics Anonymous Steven Mohr If you have had a serious drinking problem in the United States of America, you might also have had serious troubles connected with that problem. (secularhumanism.org)
  • If you think you may be an alcoholic or you have a desire to stop drinking, we urge you to learn more about AA The best way to learn more is to attend an AA meeting. (ct-aa.org)
  • Approximately 21 million copies of the first three editions of 'Alcoholics Anonymous' have been distributed. (abebooks.co.uk)
  • Bill W one of the cofounders of Alcoholics Anonymous asked his doctor to speak to a fellow sufferer of the disease. (selfgrowth.com)