Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Alcoholics: Persons who have a history of physical or psychological dependence on ETHANOL.Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic: FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to chronic excess ALCOHOL DRINKING.Liver Diseases, Alcoholic: Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.Hepatitis, Alcoholic: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. It is characterized by NECROSIS of HEPATOCYTES, infiltration by NEUTROPHILS, and deposit of MALLORY BODIES. Depending on its severity, the inflammatory lesion may be reversible or progress to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.Water Intoxication: A condition resulting from the excessive retention of water with sodium depletion.Fatty Liver, Alcoholic: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells that is due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. The fatty changes in the alcoholic fatty liver may be reversible, depending on the amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES accumulated.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Pancreatitis, Alcoholic: Acute or chronic INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS due to excessive ALCOHOL DRINKING. Alcoholic pancreatitis usually presents as an acute episode but it is a chronic progressive disease in alcoholics.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Alcoholics Anonymous: An organization of self-proclaimed alcoholics who meet frequently to reinforce their practice of abstinence.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic: Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).Temperance: Habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural appetite, especially but not exclusively the consumption of alcohol.Poisoning: A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.Alcoholic Neuropathy: A condition where damage to the peripheral nervous system (including the peripheral elements of the autonomic nervous system) is associated with chronic ingestion of alcoholic beverages. The disorder may be caused by a direct effect of alcohol, an associated nutritional deficiency, or a combination of factors. Clinical manifestations include variable degrees of weakness; ATROPHY; PARESTHESIAS; pain; loss of reflexes; sensory loss; diaphoresis; and postural hypotension. (From Arch Neurol 1995;52(1):45-51; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1146)Psychoses, Alcoholic: A group of mental disorders associated with organic brain damage and caused by poisoning from alcohol.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Central Nervous System Depressants: A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).Plant Poisoning: Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: Toxic asphyxiation due to the displacement of oxygen from oxyhemoglobin by carbon monoxide.Alcohol Amnestic Disorder: A mental disorder associated with chronic ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) and nutritional deficiencies characterized by short term memory loss, confabulations, and disturbances of attention. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1139)Beer: An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.Drug Overdose: Accidental or deliberate use of a medication or street drug in excess of normal dosage.Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium: An acute organic mental disorder induced by cessation or reduction in chronic alcohol consumption. Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure and heart rate, dilated pupils, and diaphoresis). This condition may occasionally be fatal. It was formerly called delirium tremens. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1175)Wernicke Encephalopathy: An acute neurological disorder characterized by the triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and disturbances of mental activity or consciousness. Eye movement abnormalities include nystagmus, external rectus palsies, and reduced conjugate gaze. THIAMINE DEFICIENCY and chronic ALCOHOLISM are associated conditions. Pathologic features include periventricular petechial hemorrhages and neuropil breakdown in the diencephalon and brainstem. Chronic thiamine deficiency may lead to KORSAKOFF SYNDROME. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1139-42; Davis & Robertson, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp452-3)Wine: Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.Antidotes: Agents counteracting or neutralizing the action of POISONS.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Mercury PoisoningEnergy Drinks: Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.Acetaldehyde: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis.Lead PoisoningHemoperfusion: Removal of toxins or metabolites from the circulation by the passing of blood, within a suitable extracorporeal circuit, over semipermeable microcapsules containing adsorbents (e.g., activated charcoal) or enzymes, other enzyme preparations (e.g., gel-entrapped microsomes, membrane-free enzymes bound to artificial carriers), or other adsorbents (e.g., various resins, albumin-conjugated agarose).Digitoxin: A cardiac glycoside sometimes used in place of DIGOXIN. It has a longer half-life than digoxin; toxic effects, which are similar to those of digoxin, are longer lasting. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p665)Botulism: A disease caused by potent protein NEUROTOXINS produced by CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM which interfere with the presynaptic release of ACETYLCHOLINE at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION. Clinical features include abdominal pain, vomiting, acute PARALYSIS (including respiratory paralysis), blurred vision, and DIPLOPIA. Botulism may be classified into several subtypes (e.g., food-borne, infant, wound, and others). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1208)Liver Diseases: Pathological processes of the LIVER.Mushroom Poisoning: Poisoning from ingestion of mushrooms, primarily from, but not restricted to, toxic varieties.Alcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Alcohol-Induced Disorders, Nervous System: Acute and chronic neurologic disorders associated with the various neurologic effects of ETHANOL. Primary sites of injury include the brain and peripheral nerves.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Paraquat: A poisonous dipyridilium compound used as contact herbicide. Contact with concentrated solutions causes irritation of the skin, cracking and shedding of the nails, and delayed healing of cuts and wounds.Methanol: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.Liver Cirrhosis: Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.Rhododendron: A plant genus of the family ERICACEAE.Ricin: A protein phytotoxin from the seeds of Ricinus communis, the castor oil plant. It agglutinates cells, is proteolytic, and causes lethal inflammation and hemorrhage if taken internally.Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1: An ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450 enzyme that metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Substrates include ETHANOL; INHALATION ANESTHETICS; BENZENE; ACETAMINOPHEN and other low molecular weight compounds. CYP2E1 has been used as an enzyme marker in the study of alcohol abuse.Organophosphate Poisoning: Poisoning due to exposure to ORGANOPHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS, such as ORGANOPHOSPHATES; ORGANOTHIOPHOSPHATES; and ORGANOTHIOPHOSPHONATES.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Drug-Induced Liver Injury: A spectrum of clinical liver diseases ranging from mild biochemical abnormalities to ACUTE LIVER FAILURE, caused by drugs, drug metabolites, and chemicals from the environment.Aspartate Aminotransferases: Enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the conversion of L-aspartate and 2-ketoglutarate to oxaloacetate and L-glutamate. EC 2.6.1.1.Cadmium Poisoning: Poisoning occurring after exposure to cadmium compounds or fumes. It may cause gastrointestinal syndromes, anemia, or pneumonitis.Herbicides: Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.Liver Function Tests: Blood tests that are used to evaluate how well a patient's liver is working and also to help diagnose liver conditions.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Botulinum Toxins: Toxic proteins produced from the species CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM. The toxins are synthesized as a single peptide chain which is processed into a mature protein consisting of a heavy chain and light chain joined via a disulfide bond. The botulinum toxin light chain is a zinc-dependent protease which is released from the heavy chain upon ENDOCYTOSIS into PRESYNAPTIC NERVE ENDINGS. Once inside the cell the botulinum toxin light chain cleaves specific SNARE proteins which are essential for secretion of ACETYLCHOLINE by SYNAPTIC VESICLES. This inhibition of acetylcholine release results in muscular PARALYSIS.Alcohol Abstinence: Non-consumption of ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Diphtheria Toxin: An ADP-ribosylating polypeptide produced by CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE that causes the signs and symptoms of DIPHTHERIA. It can be broken into two unequal domains: the smaller, catalytic A domain is the lethal moiety and contains MONO(ADP-RIBOSE) TRANSFERASES which transfers ADP RIBOSE to PEPTIDE ELONGATION FACTOR 2 thereby inhibiting protein synthesis; and the larger B domain that is needed for entry into cells.Cholinesterase Reactivators: Drugs used to reverse the inactivation of cholinesterase caused by organophosphates or sulfonates. They are an important component of therapy in agricultural, industrial, and military poisonings by organophosphates and sulfonates.Honey: A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.Neurotoxicity Syndromes: Neurologic disorders caused by exposure to toxic substances through ingestion, injection, cutaneous application, or other method. This includes conditions caused by biologic, chemical, and pharmaceutical agents.Sodium Oxybate: The sodium salt of 4-hydroxybutyric acid. It is used for both induction and maintenance of ANESTHESIA.Alanine Transaminase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-alanine and 2-oxoglutarate to pyruvate and L-glutamate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.6.1.2.Bacterial Toxins: Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Chemical Warfare Agents: Chemicals that are used to cause the disturbance, disease, or death of humans during WARFARE.Ethylene Glycol: A colorless, odorless, viscous dihydroxy alcohol. It has a sweet taste, but is poisonous if ingested. Ethylene glycol is the most important glycol commercially available and is manufactured on a large scale in the United States. It is used as an antifreeze and coolant, in hydraulic fluids, and in the manufacture of low-freezing dynamites and resins.Hyalin: A clear, homogenous, structureless, eosinophilic substance occurring in pathological degeneration of tissues.Alcohol Dehydrogenase: A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.Alcohol-Related Disorders: Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.Foodborne Diseases: Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.Coma: A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.Rhabdomyolysis: Necrosis or disintegration of skeletal muscle often followed by myoglobinuria.Shellfish Poisoning: Poisoning from toxins present in bivalve mollusks that have been ingested. Four distinct types of shellfish poisoning are recognized based on the toxin involved.Mercury Poisoning, Nervous System: Neurologic disorders associated with exposure to inorganic and organic forms of MERCURY. Acute intoxication may be associated with gastrointestinal disturbances, mental status changes, and PARAPARESIS. Chronic exposure to inorganic mercury usually occurs in industrial workers, and manifests as mental confusion, prominent behavioral changes (including psychosis), DYSKINESIAS, and NEURITIS. Alkyl mercury poisoning may occur through ingestion of contaminated seafood or grain, and its characteristic features include POLYNEUROPATHY; ATAXIA; vision loss; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; and DEAFNESS. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch20, pp10-15)Psychoses, Substance-Induced: Psychotic organic mental disorders resulting from the toxic effect of drugs and chemicals or other harmful substance.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Pellagra: A disease due to deficiency of NIACIN, a B-complex vitamin, or its precursor TRYPTOPHAN. It is characterized by scaly DERMATITIS which is often associated with DIARRHEA and DEMENTIA (the three D's).Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Fatty Liver: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells resulting in a yellow-colored liver. The abnormal lipid accumulation is usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES, either as a single large droplet or multiple small droplets. Fatty liver is caused by an imbalance in the metabolism of FATTY ACIDS.Methomyl: A carbamate insecticide with anticholinesterase activity.Alcohol Deterrents: Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.Forensic Toxicology: The application of TOXICOLOGY knowledge to questions of law.Carbon Tetrachloride PoisoningLithium Carbonate: A lithium salt, classified as a mood-stabilizing agent. Lithium ion alters the metabolism of BIOGENIC MONOAMINES in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, and affects multiple neurotransmission systems.4-Hydroxycoumarins: Substances found in many plants, containing the 4-hydroxycoumarin radical. They interfere with vitamin K and the blood clotting mechanism, are tightly protein-bound, inhibit mitochondrial and microsomal enzymes, and are used as oral anticoagulants.Botulinum Antitoxin: Antiserum given therapeutically in BOTULISM.Sarin: An organophosphorus ester compound that produces potent and irreversible inhibition of cholinesterase. It is toxic to the nervous system and is a chemical warfare agent.Botulinum Toxins, Type A: A serotype of botulinum toxins that has specificity for cleavage of SYNAPTOSOMAL-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN 25.Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.Charcoal: An amorphous form of carbon prepared from the incomplete combustion of animal or vegetable matter, e.g., wood. The activated form of charcoal is used in the treatment of poisoning. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Suicide, Attempted: The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.2-Propanol: An isomer of 1-PROPANOL. It is a colorless liquid having disinfectant properties. It is used in the manufacture of acetone and its derivatives and as a solvent. Topically, it is used as an antiseptic.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Pancreatitis: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Drugs that inhibit cholinesterases. The neurotransmitter ACETYLCHOLINE is rapidly hydrolyzed, and thereby inactivated, by cholinesterases. When cholinesterases are inhibited, the action of endogenously released acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses is potentiated. Cholinesterase inhibitors are widely used clinically for their potentiation of cholinergic inputs to the gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder, the eye, and skeletal muscles; they are also used for their effects on the heart and the central nervous system.Aversive Therapy: A treatment that suppresses undesirable behavior by simultaneously exposing the subject to unpleasant consequences.Forensic Medicine: The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.Simarouba: A plant genus of the family SIMAROUBACEAE. Members produce quassinoids.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Ergotism: Poisoning caused by ingesting ergotized grain or by the misdirected or excessive use of ergot as a medicine.Marine Toxins: Toxic or poisonous substances elaborated by marine flora or fauna. They include also specific, characterized poisons or toxins for which there is no more specific heading, like those from poisonous FISHES.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Acetaminophen: Analgesic antipyretic derivative of acetanilide. It has weak anti-inflammatory properties and is used as a common analgesic, but may cause liver, blood cell, and kidney damage.Euphoria: An exaggerated feeling of physical and emotional well-being not consonant with apparent stimuli or events; usually of psychologic origin, but also seen in organic brain disease and toxic states.

The effects of age and alcohol intoxication on simulated driving performance, awareness and self-restraint. (1/957)

AIMS: To investigate whether, compared with middle-aged men (aged 30-50), older men (age > or =60) (i) perform more poorly on a driving simulator and (ii) are more sensitive to the effects of ethanol in terms of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and driving performance, but more aware of their driving difficulties, and therefore exercise better driving judgement. METHODS: 14 Healthy middle-aged men (mean age 36 years) were compared with 14 healthy older men (mean age 69 years) on an interactive driving simulator, while sober and while legally intoxicated (BAC >80 mg/dl). RESULTS: Older age was associated with poorer driving performance on the simulator. While sober, older men exhibited more improper braking, slower driving, greater speed variability, fewer appropriate full stops and more crashes, and spent more time executing left turns (across oncoming traffic); all values < or =0.02. BACs > or =80 mg/dl were associated with impaired driving, with more inappropriate braking, fewer appropriate full stops and more time executing left turns (all values > or =0.02) and trends towards more speed variability, more low speed collisions and more wrong turns (values <0.1). However, similar ethanol consumption did not produce higher peak BAC or more driving impairments in older drivers. While there were no differences between age groups in terms of awareness of intoxication or driving difficulties, older men were unwilling to drive while legally intoxicated because of fear of physical injury, whereas middle-aged men were more likely to avoid driving when intoxicated due to fear of legal ramifications. CONCLUSION: While both age and legal intoxication affected driving performance, older men were no more sensitive to ethanol in terms of peak BACs, driving performance or awareness/judgement than middle-aged men.  (+info)

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor modulates the pulmonary host response to endotoxin in the absence and presence of acute ethanol intoxication. (2/957)

Alcohol impairs neutrophil function and predisposes the host to infectious complications. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) increases both the number and functional activities of neutrophils. This study investigated the effects of G-CSF on the pulmonary response to endotoxin in rats with or without acute ethanol intoxication. Acute ethanol intoxication inhibited tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-2 production in the lung and suppressed the recruitment of neutrophils into the lung. Ethanol also inhibited CD11b/c expression on recruited neutrophils and suppressed the phagocytic activity of circulating neutrophils. G-CSF pretreatment up-regulated CD11b/c expression on circulating polymorphonuclear leukocytes, augmented the recruitment of neutrophils into the lung, and enhanced the phagocytic activity of circulating and recruited neutrophils in both the absence and presence of acute ethanol intoxication. G-CSF inhibited MIP-2 but not TNF-alpha production in the lung. These data suggest that G-CSF may be useful in the prevention or treatment of infections in persons immunocompromised by alcohol.  (+info)

Wine and good subjective health. (3/957)

The association of subjective, self-rated suboptimal (average or poor) health with the intake of beer, wine, and liquor and alcohol intoxication was examined in a general population sample in Finland in 1992. The odds ratios were adjusted for several possible confounders with the use of logistic regression analysis. Compared with subjects who drank no wine, suboptimal health was less frequent among both men and women who imbibed 1-4 drinks of wine, and more common among men who consumed > or = 10 drinks of wine or liquor. Moderate wine drinking seems to be related to good self-rated health.  (+info)

A case of acute renal failure and compartment syndrome after an alcoholic binge. (4/957)

A 25 year old man presented with anuria and bilateral leg pain two days after an alcoholic binge. He subsequently developed rhabdomyolysis causing acute renal failure, with compartment syndrome of both lower legs. This required urgent dialysis and fasciotomy respectively within six hours of admission. He remained dialysis dependent for three weeks and only after four months was he able to weight bear on both legs. Alcohol is a leading cause of rhabdomyolysis. Early recognition and prompt treatment is essential to prevent serious complications.  (+info)

Alcohol sales to pseudo-intoxicated bar patrons. (5/957)

OBJECTIVES: Many establishments serve alcoholic beverages to obviously intoxicated patrons despite laws against such sales. To guide the development of interventions to reduce these illegal alcohol sales, this study used actors feigning intoxication to determine whether servers recognized obvious signs of intoxication and to assess the tactics servers used when dealing with intoxicated patrons. METHODS: Male actors ages 30 to 50 acted out signs of obvious intoxication as they attempted to purchase alcoholic beverages. If served during the first attempt, these pseudo-intoxicated buyers made second purchase attempts during the same visit. Observers accompanied the actors; after each visit, actors and observers recorded the servers' behavior and comments. RESULTS: Alcoholic beverages were served to actors portraying intoxicated patrons at 68% of first purchase attempts and 53% of second purchase attempts (62% of a total of 106 purchase attempts). The most common refusal technique was a direct refusal (68% of refusals), made with either no excuse or with reference to the actors' apparent intoxication level. Servers' second most commonly used refusal technique was offering alcohol-free beverages, such as coffee or water (18% of refusals). CONCLUSIONS: Further research is needed to determine why servers who recognize intoxication serve alcoholic beverages and what training, outlet policies, and external pressures are needed to reduce illegal alcohol sales to obviously intoxicated patrons.  (+info)

Outpatient detoxification of the addicted or alcoholic patient. (6/957)

Outpatient detoxification of patients with alcohol or other drug addiction is being increasingly undertaken. This type of management is appropriate for patients in stage I or stage II of withdrawal who have no significant comorbid conditions and have a support person willing to monitor their progress. Adequate dosages of appropriate substitute medications are important for successful detoxification. In addition, comorbid psychiatric, personality and medical disorders must be managed, and social and environmental concerns need to be addressed. By providing supportive, nonjudgmental, yet assertive care, the family physician can facilitate the best possible chance for a patient's successful recovery.  (+info)

Recent heavy drinking of alcohol and embolic stroke. (7/957)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Epidemiological evidence suggests that heavy alcohol consumption increases the risk for ischemic stroke, whereas light-to-moderate alcohol intake decreases the risk, but the role of different drinking patterns has remained unclear. We investigated recent light, moderate, and heavy alcohol drinking and former heavy drinking as risk factors for acute ischemic brain infarction by etiological subtype of stroke. METHODS: We compared 212 consecutive patients aged between 16 and 60 years, who were completely evaluated for the etiology of their ischemic stroke, with 274 control subjects admitted to the emergency unit of the same hospital. ORs, as estimates of multivariate relative risks (RRs), and 95% CIs after adjustment for possible confounding variables were calculated by logistic regression. The ORs were adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipemia, current smoking, and history of migraine. RESULTS: Recent heavy drinking but not former heavy drinking was an independent risk factor for stroke (RR 1.82, 95% CI 1.08 to 3.05). Consumption of 151 to 300 g and >300 g alcohol within the week preceding the onset of stroke significantly increased the risk for cardioembolic and cryptogenic stroke. Consumption of >40 g alcohol within the preceding 24 hours increased the risk for cardiogenic embolism to the brain among those who had a high-risk source (RR 4.75, 95% CI 1.23 to 18.4), the risk for tandem embolism among those who had prominent large-artery atherosclerosis (RR 7.68, 95% CI 1.82 to 32.3), and the risk for cryptogenic stroke (RR 3.84, 95% CI 1.69 to 8.71). Light drinking did not increase the risk for stroke. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that acute drinking of intoxicating amounts of alcohol may trigger the onset of embolic stroke among subjects who have a source of thrombus in the heart or the large arteries.  (+info)

Increase in type I and type III collagens in human alcoholic liver cirrhosis. (8/957)

Collagen in bulk was isolated in about 30% yield from the livers of normal human beings and from livers of persons with alcholic cirrhosis. Analyzed chemically and examined by electron microscopy, the collagen in each case was shown to consist of two types identical with, or resembling closely, type I and type III collagens of skin. The collagen from normal liver was predominantly type I, whereas, that from cirrhotic livers consisted or approximately equal amounts of the two types. By chromatography on carboxymethyl-cellulose, the type I collagen from the cirrhotic livers showed one alpha2chain and two alpha1 chains. The alpha1 chains were separable from one another, but gel electrophoretic patterns of peptides obtained from them after treatment with CNBr were almost identical, and resembled the pattern obtained with CNBr peptides of the alpha1 chain of rat skin type I collagen. The increased collagen of both types was responsible in part for the observed distortion of the architecture of the cirrhotic livers associated with increased rigidity of the stroma. The predominance of type III collagen in the areas of collapse of architecture where, as shown by others, few fibroblasts are present, suggests that hepatocytes might have an important function in fibrogenesis during the course of liver cirrhosis.  (+info)

*Alcohol and sex

Alcohol intoxication is associated with an increased risk that people will become involved in risky sexual behaviours, such as ... Ellingboe, J (1987). "Acute effects of ethanol on sex hormones in non-alcoholic men and women". Alcohol and Alcoholism ... Alcohol intoxication can decrease sexual arousal, decrease pleasureability and intensity of orgasm, and increase difficulty in ... Frias, J; Torres, JM; Miranda, MT; Ruiz, E; Ortega, E (2002). "Effects of acute alcohol intoxication on pituitary-gonadal axis ...

*Ethanol metabolism

Prolonged exposure of the kidney and liver to these compounds in chronic alcoholics can lead to severe damage. The literature ... A remarkably higher frequency of acute alcohol intoxication among East Asians than among Caucasians could be related to the ... Ethanol, an alcohol found in nature and in alcoholic drinks, is metabolized through a complex catabolic metabolic pathway. ... Metabolism Bile Acid Biosynthesis Polymorphism of alcohol-metabolizing genes affects drinking behavior and alcoholic liver ...

*Beer

As with all alcoholic drinks, drinking while driving, operating an aircraft or heavy machinery increases the risk of an ... intoxication". The word beer comes from Old English bēor, from Proto-Germanic *beuzą, probably from Proto-Indo-European * ... Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall ... Sales of beer are four times those of wine, which is the second most popular alcoholic drink. A study published in the ...

*Alcohol withdrawal syndrome

Alcoholics who have had two or more alcohol withdrawals show more frontal lobe cognitive dysfunction than alcoholics who have ... Adaptations to the NMDA system also occur as a result of repeated alcohol intoxication and are involved in the hyper- ... The effects on the brain are similar to those seen in alcoholics who have been detoxified multiple times but not as severe as ... Alcoholics are often deficient in various nutrients, which can cause severe complications during alcohol withdrawal, such as ...

*Potomania

With little food or other sources of electrolytes, consumption of large amounts of beer or other dilute alcoholic drinks leads ... Any vomiting or GI absorptive problems due to alcohol intoxication can also compound the effect of potomania due to additional ... Hyponatremia Water intoxication Primary polydipsia Hilden, T; Svendsen, T. L. (1975). "ELECTROLYTE DISTURBANCES IN BEER ... While the symptoms of potomania are similar to other causes of hyponatremia and acute water intoxication, it should be ...

*1-Propanol

Effects include alcoholic intoxication and high anion gap metabolic acidosis. As of 2011, only one case of lethal 1-propanol ...

*Breathalyzer

Bogen, E. (June 1927). "The Diagnosis of Drunkenness-A Quantitative Study of Acute Alcoholic Intoxication". Cal West Med. 26 (6 ... The American Medical Association concludes in its Manual for Chemical Tests for Intoxication (1959): "True reactions with ... found in alcoholic beverages but also other substances similar in molecular structure or reactivity. The oldest breath analyzer ...

*Ramstore Bridge

According to the police, the person was in moderate alcoholic intoxication.. ...

*List of sports idioms

... which resemble symptoms of alcoholic intoxication (hence punch-drunk). Figuratively, it refers to a state of dazedness or ...

*Chaerophyllum temulum

... from the similarity of the symptoms elicited by poisoning by the plant to those of alcoholic intoxication. Somewhat hispid, ...

*2012 Moldova security zone incident

... who was in a state of alcoholic intoxication and driving a car that did not belong to him." The Russian Embassy in Chişinău ...

*Battle of Vyborg Bay (1790)

He then, under alcoholic intoxication, committed a series of errors which caused the fireship to drift towards the Enigheten, ...

*List of MeSH codes (F03)

... alcoholic intoxication MeSH F03.900.100.350 --- alcoholism MeSH F03.900.100.750 --- psychoses, alcoholic MeSH F03.900.100.875 ... alcoholic MeSH F03.700.750 --- schizophrenia MeSH F03.700.750.300 --- schizophrenia, catatonic MeSH F03.700.750.350 --- ...

*Danilo Ikodinović

... considered to be the medium level of alcoholic intoxication) when he hit from behind the Yugo driven by Pajica Dejanović that ...

*2014 Falcon 50 Vnukovo ground collision

"At the current time, it has been established that the driver of the snowplow was in a state of alcoholic intoxication," Tatyana ...

*Vasylkiv terrorists case

... of those who suffered in clashes with the police reveal some facts of them being in a state of alcoholic intoxication. This ...

*Haram

Khamr is the Arabic word for alcoholic drinks that cause intoxication. The Prophet declared that the prohibition was not only ... It is not permissible for a Muslim to import or export alcoholic beverages, or to work in or own a place that sells intoxicants ... Narrated by Bukhari, Narrated Abu Thaʻlabah The Prophet said: "Allah has forbidden alcoholic drinks. Whoever this verse reaches ... placed on wine, but the prohibition also included beer and other alcoholic beverages that intoxicate a person. The Prophet also ...

*Alcohol dependence

Alcohol dementia Alcohol intoxication Alcoholic beverage Disulfiram-like drug High-functioning alcoholic Long-term effects of ... However, about 18 million adult Americans are alcoholics or have alcohol problems. Alcoholism is a disease with four main ...

*History of alcoholic drinks

The Hindu Ayurvedic texts describe both the beneficent uses of alcoholic beverages and the consequences of intoxication and ... Alcoholic beverages were widely used in all segments of Chinese society, were used as a source of inspiration, were important ... Intoxication was also inconsistent with the emerging emphasis on rational mastery of self and world and on work and efficiency ... Alcoholic beverages played an important role in the Thirteen Colonies from their early days. For example, the Mayflower shipped ...

*Crimea State Medical University named after S. I. Georgievsky

... methods and approaches to medicolegal estimation of visceral pathology at alcoholic and alcoholic-narcotic intoxication with ...

*Metadoxine

... used as metadoxine immediate release formulation in developing nations for acute alcohol intoxication and chronic alcoholic ... Metadoxine, also known as pyridoxine-pyrrolidone carboxylate, is a drug used to treat chronic and acute alcohol intoxication. ... December 2008). "Acute alcohol intoxication". European journal of internal medicine. 19 (8): 561-7. doi:10.1016/j.ejim.2007.06. ... As a treatment for alcohol intoxication and liver disease, metadoxine is typically given intravenously as immediate release ...

*Russ Diamond

In fall of 2015, Diamond admitted to being an alcoholic after being cited for public intoxication. Critics point to efforts by ...

*Alcohol intoxication

In the Qur'an, there is a prohibition on the consumption of grape-based alcoholic beverages, and intoxication is considered as ... Alcohol intoxication is the result of drinking alcohol such that it enters the bloodstream faster than it can be metabolized by ... Alcohol intoxication, also known as drunkenness among other names, is a physiological condition that may result in ... Symptoms of alcohol intoxication include euphoria, flushed skin, and decreased social inhibition at lower doses, with larger ...

*List of MeSH codes (C21)

... alcoholic MeSH C21.739.100.087.750 --- psychoses, alcoholic MeSH C21.739.100.175 --- alcoholic intoxication MeSH C21.739. ... alcoholic MeSH C21.739.100.087.645.390 --- fatty liver, alcoholic MeSH C21.739.100.087.645.490 --- hepatitis, alcoholic MeSH ... alcoholic neuropathy MeSH C21.739.100.087.250 --- cardiomyopathy, alcoholic MeSH C21.739.100.087.397 --- fetal alcohol syndrome ... alcoholic neuropathy MeSH C21.613.705.200 --- dyskinesia, drug-induced MeSH C21.613.705.400 --- mptp poisoning MeSH C21.613. ...

*Jonathan Townley Crane

In Arts of Intoxication (1870), he wrote against alcoholic beverages of any kind and advocated temperance. He also wrote ... The Art of Intoxication: Its Aims and Results, University of Michigan Library, Ann Arbor, MI 2006, ISBN 978-1-4255-2398-5 ...

*Aspiration pneumonia

The right upper lobe is a common area of consolidation in alcoholics who aspirate in the prone position. Aspiration pneumonia ... intoxication, and general anaesthesia. For many types of surgical operations, patients are therefore instructed to take nothing ...

*Primary aldosteronism

In one case report, hypertension and quadriparesis resulted from intoxication with a non-alcoholic pastis (an anise-flavored ... ISBN 0-7216-0187-1. Trono D, Cereda JM, Favre L (August 1983). "[Pseudo-Conn's syndrome due to intoxication with nonalcoholic ...
Findings show that American Indians are at much greater risk than other ethnic groups.. In 2009, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide ranked as the 10th leading overall cause of death in the United States. Prior research has also shown that alcohol use disorders confer increased risk for suicide, and are second only to mood disorders as common among individuals who have committed suicide. A study of the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of suicide involving acute alcohol intoxication among U.S. ethnic minorities has found that American Indians are at much greater risk than other groups.. Results will be published in the May 2013 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and are currently available at Early View.. "I do not think that most people in the U.S. are aware that suicide is ranked as the 10th leading cause of death," said Raul Caetano, regional dean (Dallas) and professor of epidemiology at The University of Texas School of Public ...
Abstract: In alcohol intoxication proteins and lipoproteins were altered both in human and mice blood and myocardium. Besides the species independent response towards alcoholic intoxication a series of specific alterations, related to species characteristics of the animal were found ...
To deal with a hangover, it is essential for you to recognize the symptoms of the same. Traverse through the fine lines of this article to know more about alcohol hangover symptoms.
Health,Party alcohol hangovers cannot be cured by taking medications reports ...Though no drug is found to be effective in treating hangovers tolfe......,Smart,drugs,for,alcohol,hangovers,not,effective,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
The aim of the study is to improve the prognosis of the development of alcohol consumption by considering a variety of biological, psychological and social risk and protective factors. Therefore, young people who have been hospitalized due to acute alcohol intoxication within the past 5 to 12 years will be interviewed in order to assess aspects of healthy or impaired psychosocial development. The study will also include a control group of young adults who were in hospital due to other medical conditions. The identification of relevant cases will be based on medical records of several childrens hospitals. These records will be analysed with regard to potential predictors of developmental hazards and protective factors ...
Its also great exercise and very refreshing if your pregnant in warmer weather. Pregnancy hangover symptoms other tests may have been too early. I have heard stories pregnancy and psychosis men who are addicted to the tours because of the gigantic ego stroke it gives them. If it happens after day 9, there is a significant risk of the twins pregnancy hangover symptoms conjoined. You want to keep the sperm as far away from the cervix as you can, while still depositing it where it needs to go. Everyone else can only bottle feed. Pregnancy begins when the ball of cells attaches to the lining of your uterus. Acupuncture, especially when combined with Reiki, can promote relaxation and help restore sleep patterns in pregnancy hangover symptoms who find self-help techniques ineffective. Those who are having twins will be facing more movements and pregnancy rare symptoms. The screening ultrasound is carried out in real time. Since waking life pregnancy cannot occur without contributions from both sexes, ...
Compare Acid Reflux Non Alcohol Hangover Does Acid Reflux Cause Burning In The Stomach Relieving Acid Reflux During Pregnancy and What Medicine Causes Acid Reflux A single alcoholic drink is enough to trigger a hangover for of stomach acid and org, Mayo Clinic Healthy Living, and the triple-shield If you have a hangover and associated stomach ache from too much alcohol, How to get rid of a hangover stomach ache. How to Get Rid of a Hangover. Now I think youre drunk or stoned. (1983), Hangover headache and prostaglandins: Prophylactic treatment with tolfenamic acid. Kombucha is packed with acetic acid, Your hangover symptoms will fade much faster with 5 or 6 glasses of water Acid Reflux Non Alcohol Hangover What Are Best Foods For Acid Reflux with Acid Reflux Neutral Acid In The Throat and Acid Reflux And Breathing Constant Acid Reflux Some Acid Reflux Non Alcohol Hangover Aloe Pills For Acid Reflux Earl Grey Tea Acid Reflux and Natural Acid Reflux Supplements that How To Minimize Severe Acid ...
It is commonly known that alcoholism and alcohol intoxications are connected with severe violent crimes such as homicides. For instance, in Finland even 80 per cent of these crimes happen in alcohol intoxications. It has ...
An alcohol hangover refers to the mental, emotional and physical symptoms which an individual experiences after they have consumed alcohol. A hangover occurs when the person has recovered from the intoxicating effects of alcohol - that is, when the body has metabolised or processed the alcohol consumed and is sober.
Blood Alcohol Content Calc 2.0: Android app (3.4 ★, 10,000+ downloads) → The Blood Alcohol Content Calculator can show a rough estimate of your BAC given some basic...
Background. Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in rats with acute alcohol intoxication (AAI) induces greater brain injury and neurological impairment than those without AAI. It is not clear whether chronic alcohol consumption (CAC) may cause similar outcomes in ICH rats. Methods. Sixteen Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into two groups: CAC group (n = 8) fed with 10% alcohol in drinking water for 4 weeks, and Control group (n = 8) fed with water only. ICH was induced by collagenase infusion into the striata. Coronal T1-weighted imaging, T2-weighted imaging, T2*-weighted imaging, and diffusion-weighted imaging were generated with a 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner to investigate the changes of hemorrhagic volume and edema throughout the injury and recovery stages of ICH. Results. The hematoma volume was larger in the CAC group than in the control group (P , 0.001). These findings, however, cannot explain the findings that at post-ICH, progressive edema formation and neurological ...
Background. Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in rats with acute alcohol intoxication (AAI) induces greater brain injury and neurological impairment than those without AAI. It is not clear whether chronic alcohol consumption (CAC) may cause similar outcomes in ICH rats. Methods. Sixteen Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into two groups: CAC group (n = 8) fed with 10% alcohol in drinking water for 4 weeks, and Control group (n = 8) fed with water only. ICH was induced by collagenase infusion into the striata. Coronal T1-weighted imaging, T2-weighted imaging, T2*-weighted imaging, and diffusion-weighted imaging were generated with a 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner to investigate the changes of hemorrhagic volume and edema throughout the injury and recovery stages of ICH. Results. The hematoma volume was larger in the CAC group than in the control group (P , 0.001). These findings, however, cannot explain the findings that at post-ICH, progressive edema formation and neurological ...
Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This protein belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family of proteins. Aldehyde dehydrogenase is the second enzyme of the major oxidative pathway of alcohol metabolism. Two major liver isoforms of aldehyde dehydrogenase, cytosolic and mitochondrial, can be distinguished by their electrophoretic mobilities, kinetic properties, and subcellular localizations. Most Caucasians have two major isozymes, while approximately 50% of East Asians have the cytosolic isozyme but not the mitochondrial isozyme. A remarkably higher frequency of acute alcohol intoxication among East Asians than among Caucasians could be related to the absence of a catalytically active form of the mitochondrial isozyme. The increased exposure to acetaldehyde in individuals with the catalytically inactive form may also confer greater susceptibility to many types of cancer. This gene encodes a mitochondrial isoform, which has a low Km for ...
Invented as breath-analyzing products by Smith and Wesson in the late 1950s, but now, breathalyzers are instruments that are utilized in a number of professions to determine the amount of blood alcohol content by analyzing a breath sample obtained from an individual. Literally dozens of breathalyzer models exist, most hand-held. Because of their frequent use as evidence in criminal courts, their design and performance is subject to highly prescribed regulations.. Alcohol is not digested in the body; it is simply absorbed into the tissues of the mouth, throat, stomach and intestines and eventually excreted. In part, alcohol leaves the body via the breath; because the percent of the total blood alcohol that exists this way is predictable, the alcohol content of the breath can be used to calculate the total blood alcohol content, or BAC.. While the principles behind breathalyzers are sound, they can only more or less estimate BAC since they do not measure it directly. An artificially high or low ...
It is notable that a habitual or chronic drinker may develop a tolerance to the effects of alcohol, and may not show the symptoms of various intoxication stages as readily as those who do not drink often. A study from Alcohol and Alcoholism shows that people admitted to emergency departments with suspected alcohol intoxication had BAC levels varying from 0 to 0.4, and that the degree to which they showed symptoms was at least partly based on their tolerance for alcohol and how regularly they drank.. This creates a high risk not only when it comes to how much the person drinks, but also when it comes to getting sober and then returning to drinking. After a period of sobriety, the individuals tolerance drops and the large doses the person was accustomed to drinking before sobriety can become dangerous. For this reason, research-based treatment that provides the needed skills and tools to manage alcoholism and maintain sobriety into the future can help people live longer lives with lower risk of ...
Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels affect everyone differently. Generally, at .05 BAC, you may display exaggerated behavior and have loss of sma
MDGuidelines is the most trusted source of disability guidelines, disability durations, and return to work information on alcohol intoxication acute.
Care guide for Alcohol Intoxication (Aftercare Instructions). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
DUI & blood alcohol - MedHelps DUI & blood alcohol Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for DUI & blood alcohol. Find DUI & blood alcohol information, treatments for DUI & blood alcohol and DUI & blood alcohol symptoms.
Eyewitnesses are an important source of information in many criminal investigations. However, the memory of an eyewitness is not always accurate, and errors may occur that have serious consequences. Alcohol-related crimes are common and therefore, intoxicated witnesses are common. However, only a handful of published studies have described how alcohol affects eyewitnesses memory. The overall aim of the research described in this thesis was to examine how alcohol affects eyewitnesses memory. The thesis comprises three studies, which followed similar general procedures. The participants in the studies consumed an alcoholic or non-alcoholic beverage during a 15-minute period and then witnessed a film that depicting a staged kidnapping. The retention interval and recall format varied between the studies. The aim of Study I was to examine the influence of alcohol on eyewitnesses performances in a line-up setting. The participants (N = 123) were randomly assigned to a 3 (Beverage: control [0.0 ...
According to the 2000 College Alcohol Survey, "Alcohol is involved with 30% of dropouts, 36% of academic failures, 60% of violent behaviors, 64% of unsafe sexual practices, and 70% of acquaintance rapes." Effects at specific Blood Alcohol Concentration Levels: The effects of alcohol intoxication are greatly influenced by individual variations among users. Some users may become intoxicated at a much lower Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) level than is shown. ...
The paucity of randomised controlled trials is in stark contrast to the plethora of "hangover cures" marketed on the internet. This confirms the unreliability of the internet in healthcare matters.33 Our findings show that no compelling evidence exists to suggest that any conventional or complementary intervention is effective for preventing or treating alcohol hangover. Encouraging findings for their main outcome measures exist for γ linolenic acid from B officinalis, a yeast based combination preparation, and tolfenamic acid. However, only single randomised controlled trials for each of the tested interventions were available, most were of small sample size, and all used unvalidated symptom scores. Independent replications of these studies are therefore necessary. The lack of a sensitive standard outcome measure to assess the physiological and subjective effects of alcohol hangover may be one of the reasons for the small body of evidence. The development and initial validation of the hangover ...
Have you ever wondered what goes on inside your body that could cause so much suffering? The facts are intriguing... While we dont know why all the symptoms of hangover occur, scientists have uncovered some unique facts behind the physiology of the common symptoms. Here are five facts that can help you recover from it as…
Abstract. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of death intoxication by alcohol and other types of toxic agents as drugs, industrial, carbon monoxide, mushrooms and unidentified ones. 1606 deaths in the eastern part of the country were recorded during 1992-2001. The alcohol was the most frequently toxic agent, which has caused death. There were registered 1347 (83.9%) alcohol intoxication deaths from which 28% were in women and 72% in men. Higher frequencies of death have been found in urban areas (59.8) than in rural ones (40.2). Blood alcohol levels (g ) in alcohol intoxications were: 0.5-0.99; 1-1.99; 2-2.99; 3-3.99; 4 and over. The higher frequency of intoxication deaths was found at the level of alcoholemia of 1-3 g (42%), in the groups of age 50-59 years and 40-49 years, both in men and in women. 62 deaths, from which 66% males were caused by a mixture of different toxic agents. There were registered 198 (12.3%) intoxication deaths by the other types of studied agents: ...
This case study illustrates the role of blood alcohol back-extrapolation and weight-of-evidence (WOE) in an alcoholic impairment assessment
BAC stands for Blood Alcohol Content, and is the number of milligrams of alcohol per milliliter in your bloodstream. In Pennsylvania, the legal definition of drunkenness is a BAC of 0.08.. If you are a 120-lb. woman who drinks four drinks in one hour, your BAC will be 0.17. If you are a 160-lb. man who consumes five drinks in one hour, your BAC will be 0.14. Of 100 people with a BAC greater than 0.4, statistics show that one will die.. Most people think that if a few drinks make them feel good, then a lot of drinks will make them feel even better. But thats not true. This is what we call the biphasic (or two-part) effect of alcohol. Here is what happens.. People tend to feel better as their blood alcohol concentration (BAC) rises to about a level of .05/.06. Thats the first phase or part of the process. If someone drinks more and their BAC rises above .055, the negative effects of drinking increase and the consequences more severe. Thats the second phase or part of the process. So, its ...
Health,Minneapolis MN (PRWEB) September 12 2013 On the heels of the legalization of marijuana for recreational use in Colorado and Washington last week the Justice Department effectively announced it wont challenge other states attempts to legalize the drug for medical or recreational use. While marijuana is still classified as illegal eight new federal enforcem,Pet,Marijuana,Intoxication,on,the,Rise:,News,from,Pet,Poison,Helpline,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Symptoms of a hangover include a bunch of physiological and psychological effects. Which include Diarrhea, fatigue, headache, nausea, high blood pressure, overproduction of sweat.
Dysfunctional changes in physiological functioning, psychological functioning, mood state, cognitive process, or all of these, as a consequence of consumption of [alcohol]; usually disruptive, and often stemming from central nervous system impairment ...
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details ...
The device has a small ventilator at its front side. Just blow into it for some seconds and then plug it in your Android smartphones Micro USB port. Within 10 seconds, an app will check your condition compared to the BrAC and BAC standard values (breath alcohol concentration and blood alcohol concentration) values in accordance with your local law.. ...
Miami, FL (PRWEB) September 26, 2013 -- According to Fox News on 9/23 in their article, Man Charged After Allegedly Driving With .26% BAC, that Benjamin
BACKGROUND: Nuclear translocation and DNA binding of the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) is an early event in inflammatory cell activation in response to stimulation with bacterial components or cytokines. Cell activation via different receptors culminates in a common pathway leading to NF-kappaB activation and proinflammatory cytokine induction. We have previously shown that acute alcohol inhibits NF-kappaB activation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in human monocytes. Here we investigated whether acute alcohol treatment of human monocytes also inhibits NF-kappaB when induced through activation of the interleukin (IL)-1 or tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptors. METHODS: Human peripheral blood monocytes were treated with LPS, TNFalpha, and IL-1beta in the presence or absence of 25mM alcohol for 1 hr. NF-kappaB activation was determined by electrophoretic mobility shift assays using nuclear extracts. Inhibitory kappaB(alpha) (IkappaB(alpha)) was estimated by Western blotting in cytoplasmic extracts.
I came across this during research into increasing dopaminergic activity without also increasing adrenergic tone. Apparently, the feeling of getting...
Its the morning after a big night - your lips are dry, your head is throbbing and foggy, and your stomach is queasy. As much as it feels like your body is wrongly punishing you for what, as far as you can remember, was only a few drinks, its only trying to atone for what you made it endure the night before.. Click here to see 11 Foods That Will Help Cure Your Hangover. Its no surprise that drinking takes a toll on your body. Whether it takes the form of a slight headache from a glass of wine or an intense bout of physical illness from a spring break-esque night out on the town, our bodies tell us when weve taken it one drink too far, and its a physical reaction to alcohol that we all call a hangover.. Water, aspirin, and in many cases, greasy foods like fries and pizza are what we most frequently use to treat a hangover, but you may be surprised to hear that there are some healthy foods that can help cure your hangover woes, too.. To understand what you should be eating to treat a hangover, ...
The acute high lasts for approximately 3-5 hours (depending on dosage) with a peak of subjective effects at about 90-120 minutes.[30] Its common for users to describe a plateau period in drug effects, however the research suggests a smooth curve of rising then falling effects. (The top line of this graph is for a dose of 1.5 mg/kg, the middle is for 0.5 mg/kg, the bottom is the control group.) Peak subjective intoxication correlates with peak MDMA plasma levels.. As the user comes down they usually feel fatigued and become stimulus-avoidant-their foremost interest often becomes finding a quiet place to relax and rest. To combat residual stimulant effects, marijuana and benzodiazepines are often used. Disturbingly, there have been suggestions of a trend towards heroin use for this function. The hangover often lasts 24-48 hours, and is characterized by lack of motivation, focus, and loss of appetite. An atypical but still common form of hangover is the well-documented Tuesday Blues ...
Behind the glitzy ads for beer, wine and various distilled beverages stand some frightening statistics. More than 88,000 deaths annually are directly attributable to alcohol. Each death represents an average of 30 years of lost life expectancy. Ten percent of deaths of working-age Americans are due to alcohol. Acute intoxication may lead to injury, risky sexual behavior, miscarriage, and still-birth.
An assured cure for a hangover is the consumption of greasy food. However, such food should be taken before a night of drinking and not after. Greasy food slows down the absorption of alcohol in the blood. The slower the alcohol is absorbed in the blood, the less severe is the hangover.. All the cures duly noted, it is best to prevent a hangover. Keeping a check on the quantity of alcohol one consumes and adequate hydration save all the trouble caused the day after.. ...
How bad is it to take advil or tylenol for a hangover - How bad is it to take Advil or tylenol (acetaminophen) for a hangover? Not bad. Its not bad, just remember to drink lots of fluids and dont take them on an empty stomach. The better solution is to try and not get a hangover in the first place. You can do this by not drinking excessively and staying hydrated. If youre getting hangovers every time you drink, then you should think long and hard about your drinking habits.
Does usual hangover after drinking bothers you?? Here are some best and fastest ways to get rid of hangover and headache and some remedies for hangover
This post looks at hangover cures 101 and debunks the common hangover myths like does a greasy meal cure a hangover and many more!
By Lisa RapaportReuters Health - People with blood alcohol levels below the legal cutoff for being considered drunk may still be unsafe drivers if th
Canada, United States, and European countries legalized Alcohol and the trade of alcohol with globalization has resulted in an mass alcohol driven economy. In most developed countries, there are measures in place to ensure that children or teenagers do not consume alcohol due to its risk on their health. In Canada, the legal age to drink is 19. This is the age at which adolescent are usually in their first year of university, college, or in grade 13. In schools we are taught about alcohol tolerance, and how one should not consume more alcohol than their body can take, or one should not drink alone. There are a lot of health measures in place to ensure people dont die or have alcohol intoxication. Even with these measures in place, some teenagers push their boundaries and engage in risky behaviours. Now imagine, if these teenagers were not in school and there were no measures placed by the government to ensure that teenagers cannot access alcohol. What will happen ...
Whilst there have been no studies conducted on the effect of Berocca® Forward on hangovers, alcohol can affect the absorption and use of the B group vitamins. Apart from the other essential vitamins and minerals, Berocca® Forward is a vitamin B supplement which may help restore depleted levels of B-vitamins. Drinking a lot of water or other rehydrating drinks will help towards preventing or lessening most hangover symptoms. Having a Berocca® Forward may also help you rehydrate ...
If you are arrested for DUI and a breath test shows a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of .08% or higher, you are guilty. It does not matter, of course,
Alcohol impairment is a factor in nearly one-third of all traffic fatalities. In 2017, 10,874 people were killed in crashes involving a drunk driver, 29 percent of all fatalities.1
I know what youre thinking; bad title. No one with a hangover or even the memory of a hangover would relish the thought of dissecting anything. Hangovers and dissection will often result in tossing your cookies in the general proximity of the gross anatomy lab. Trust me on that fact and well leave it at…
When someone gets caught drinking and driving, the first response is to take away his license: his driving license, that is. The "license" to drink - legal permission to buy and consume alcohol in unlimited quantities - is taken to be irrevocable.. But why?. Someone who drinks and drives may not be a bad driver when sober, but we know hes a bad citizen when drunk. Probably, sober, he even knows that he shouldnt drink and drive. Once drunk, however, that knowledge leaves, along with his fine motor control, impulse control, and capacity to handle divided-attention tasks.. So heres a modest proposal: If someone is convicted of driving drunk, or beating someone up drunk, or spraying swastikas on gravestones drunk, or if hes simply one of the relatively small number of badly behaved drinkers whom the police pick up time after time for drunk & disorderly (in any jurisidiction, something like a tenth of one percent of the population, consisting of chronic d&d arrestees, accounts for something like ...
Buy high quality Alco-screen rapid breath saliva urine test devices, features ethyl alcohol urine dip test kits, detects higher levels of blood alcohol content in the human body of metabolism
As used in this Section, "percent by weight of alcohol" in the blood shall be based upon grams of alcohol per one hundred (100) milliliters of blood or two hundred ten (210) liters of breath and may be shown by chemical analysis of the persons blood, breath, saliva or urine. For the purposes of determining the alcoholic content of a persons blood under this Section, the test shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of Sections 577.020 to 577.041, RSMo ...
You know where those head pounding, stomach churning symptoms came from. Here are several hangover remedies how to deal with hangover next
Could Tramadol cause Hangover? We studied 83,165 Tramadol users who have side effects from FDA and eHealthme. Among them, 22 have Hangover. See what we found.
VitaDigest offer PartySmart Hangover 10 x 1 Capsule , Product Review For Himalaya Formula and Information, Exclusive Reivews for PartySmart Hangover 10 x 1 Capsule Himalaya
Science claims to have found the best hangover cure, but anyone whos ever had a hangover knows Sprite can only work as well as other tried and true methods
Prevention is the best cure for a hangover. The only way to avoid a pounding head and queasiness the morning after is to drink in moderation, or to stay away from alcohol entirely. But with all sorts of seasonal celebrations going on, its easy to overindulge.
Happy Hour Vitamins is a specially formulated Multivitamin for people who drink alcohol. Convenient packets makes hangover prevention easy.
Hangovers are caused by a variety of factors including the direct effect of alcohol on the systems of the body and other drinking behavior factors.
I am beginning to think I am unable to moderate. Yesterday did not go as planned. I did moderate in the beginning, but then just stopped caring. Have a hangover today and am pretty mad. I am absing for the next 20 days. What I would really like to be able to say after 20 days is "Hey, I like living this way better ... I am going to continue my abs" .... instead of white knuckling through it and then jumping right back in where I left off. I think I am really beginning to feel like a failure in this department and I know that those negative feelings do not help with my goal. I know - dont beat yourself up. To be honest, I am pretty pissed off at myself right now - and I should be - this is ridiculous (this struggle, lack of progress). I need to get honest and admit to myself that this is turning into a real problem for me. I do not want to end up like my father. It never occurred to me that maybe he also struggled the way I am before it got completely out of control. I know that we moved around ...
The downside of a fun night with alcohol, is a hangover, which is a result of dehydration that the alcohol produces. It can be overcome with these handy tips.
Oh No! A Hangover article from a Health Nut?? Get the picket signs ready, shes bringing back the Prohibition, I just know it… I could tell you that alcohol [ETOH] is a no-no and the Prohibition should have stuck around a few more decades. But Im not going to give the satisfaction of being predictable….…
A Bloody Mary may feel like the natural remedy for the morning after a binge, but next time youre suffering from a hangover forgo the vodka and tomato juice and try reaching for a Sprite.
Although hangovers are extremely common and experienced by almost everybody, surprisingly little scientific literature has been published on the topic. There is also disagreement among scientific circles about what the exact definition of a
Hangovers have long been the price of a night of overindulgence - and come January 1, you may be feeling the effects of one yourself. So how can you make
An overview of popular hangover remedies, but proceed with caution, as some of these home remedies could be potentially dangerous to your health.
Your head is pounding, the rooms spinning and your stomach is lurching - when youre hungover, reaching for painkillers can often seem like a good idea.But a ... Your next hangover ,Chinadaily Forum
one. Consume meals at mounted hrs. 2. Do not consume immediately right after a work out. three. Do not overeat. 4. If you are on insulin, ma ...
Women were more likely to describe heavily intoxicated females as as just tipsy or buzzed; whereas men were more likely to describe other men as wasted or hammered even if they were just moderately drunk.
A man, who committed a series of drunk and disorderly offences, has been banned from getting drunk anywhere in England and Wales for the next seven years.
Ass to Mouth - Drunk & Stoned Lyrics. I see the city lights tonight, I smell the evil in the air The losers stayed at home, the bastards will be Drunk & stoned The weed toni
New Behavior / Novo comportamento Its been two years since the federal drunk driving law went into effect, and the news is fabulous. According to the accountability NGO Rio Como Vamos http://www.riocomovamos.org.br/imprensa/release.php?cod_mat=1389, Rios accident death rate was down the first half of this year over 2009 by 13.72%. Comparing this past semester to the same…
Hello all What does the following sentence mean? Years later I collected the winnings (long drunk) which is why, in second-hand shops, you might find the following: Regards Matilda
We all know the feeling: you had one tipple too many, and now it’s the morning after the night before and you are PAYING FOR IT.
I drank a lot last night and was throwing up then. Now I keep throwing up bile. I cant hold down anything even water. What should I do?
Humorous views on interesting, bizarre and amusing articles, submitted by a community of millions of news junkies, with regular Photoshop contests.
Stop sabotaging your gains. If you always feel smashed the day after training, youre doing something wrong. Heres how to fix it.
News for Pain continually updated from thousands of sources on the web : Is Phillys New IV Hangover Therapy Lounge a Hangover Cure? I Tried It
Do you suffer terribly from a hangover? One of the best ways to cure a hangover is to feed your body food packed with vitamins and minerals.
The sexiest DUI arrestee of all time just pled no contest in her drunk driving case -- and the judge took no pity ... sentencing her to a grand total of…
When the weekend lands theres usually only ever one thing on your mind. Well, maybe two, but theyre interlinked. Drinking Kicking back and chilaxing with a drink or turning it into a competitive activity. The important part is the drinking
When the weekend lands theres usually only ever one thing on your mind. Well, maybe two, but theyre interlinked. Drinking Kicking back and chilaxing with a drink or turning it into a competitive activity. The important part is the drinking
I grew up in the country and we always canned all summer. I think perhaps it is a hangover from my childhood. LOL. I know how many jars my storage can handle and I do try to can them. I aim for a variety. Some years I get more of some items than other simply because of what is available. In my dream world I would be able to can enough for the year, but it just isnt possible. I go with what I can and then supplement the rest ...
This MNT Knowledge Centre article explains the symptoms and causes of hangovers and also offers some potential cures. Discover more here.
Were both 17. Late last night/early this morning, we decided to drink a little bit. Eventually we both get pretty drunk and are feeling pretty...
I am not even faintly like a rose. I wasnt even vaguely engaged. I have been drunk just twice in my life. I was standing beside his bed ...
Background: An elevated plasma osmolal gap is common in all forms of alcohol intoxication. Methyl alcohol and ethylene glycol are metabolized to compounds that produce metabolic acidosis. Isopropyl alcohol, however, is metabolized to acetone, which does not cause metabolic acidosis and cannot be metabolized to compounds that do (1). Therefore, the presence of metabolic acidosis is used to rule out isopropyl alcohol intoxication. This distinction is important because fomepizole is used to treat methyl alcohol and ethylene glycol intoxication but is contraindicated in isopropyl alcohol intoxication because it reduces the clearance of isopropyl alcohol and thus prolongs its effects (2 ...
Effect of Elaeagnus Conferta Roxb (Elaeagnaceae) Dry Fruit on the Activities of Hepatic Alcohol Dehydrogenase and Aldehyde Dehydrogenase in Mice. Chongming Wu; Rongji Dai; Jingmiao Bai; Yan Chen; Yuhong Yu; Weiwei Meng; Yulin Deng // Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research;Dec2011, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p761 Purposes: To determine the effect of Elaeagnus conferta Roxb dry fruit powder (ECR) on blood alcohol clearance and on the activities of hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH). Methods: In a randomized controlled study, acute alcohol intoxication was induced in mice... ...
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The goal of this report is to assess the relationship of varying levels of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and hospital complications in patients admitted after motor vehicle crashes. Data for the study was collected by a retrospective review of the University of Wisconsin Hospital trauma registry between 1999 and 2007 using the National Trauma Registry of the American College of Surgeons (NTRACS). Of 3729 patients, 2210 (59%) had a negative BAC, 338 (9%) 200 mg/dL. Forty-six percent of patients had one or more hospital related complications. The odds ratio (OR) for the occurrence of alcohol withdrawal in the three alcohol groups compared to the no alcohol group was 12.02 (CI 7.0-20.7), 16.81 (CI 10.4-27.2), and 30.96 (CI 19.5-49.2) as BAC increased with a clear dose response effect. While there were no significant differences in the frequency of the total hospital events following trauma across the four groups, rates of infections, coagulopathies, central nervous system events and renal complications
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Acute alcohol use is associated with impaired immune responses and decreased proinflammatory cytokine production. Our earlier studies have shown that acute alcohol intake inhibits NF-kappaB DNA binding in an IkappaBalpha-independent manner. We report using human peripheral blood monocytes and Chinese hamster ovary cells transfected with CD14 cells that acute alcohol treatment in vitro exerts NF-kappaB inhibition by disrupting phosphorylation of p65. Immunoprecipitation of p65 and IkappaBalpha revealed that acute alcohol exposure for 1 h decreased NF-kappaB-IkappaBalpha complexes in the cytoplasm. Phosphorylation of p65 at Ser(536) is mediated by IkappaB kinase (IKK)beta and is required for NF-kappaB-dependent cellular responses. We show that acute alcohol treatment decreased LPS-induced IKKalpha and IKKbeta activity resulting in decreased phosphorylation of p65 at Ser(536). Furthermore, nuclear expression of IKKalpha increased after alcohol treatment, which may contribute to inhibition of NF-kappaB.
Before getting behind the wheel, drivers can test their blood alcohol level with new apps that not only give a blood alcohol reading, but also calls a cab.
Penalties for drunk driving continue to become tougher over the years as the cost of this dangerous behavior rises. Reckless alcohol consumption among young people has also risen markedly, and it has been met with sharp intolerance. There are often lower legal limits for minor drivers and longer drivers license suspensions.. Drunk driving, driving while intoxicated (DWI), or driving under the influence (DUI), is typically determined by the alcohol content found in the drivers blood. Blood alcohol content (BAC) may be determined in two ways: through breath analysis or urinalysis. All but three states have lowered the legal limit of blood alcohol content from 0.10 to 0.08 percent. Also, thirty-four states have passed laws lowering the BAC to 0.02 percent or no amount for drivers under 21. Twelve states have also set a separate limit at 0.04 percent for commercial vehicle drivers.. Penalties for drunk driving are severe in most states. Virtually every state suspends the drivers license on a ...
1 Answer (question resolved) - Posted in: codeine, alcohol, dosage, female, blood - Answer: Your blood alcohol level will be dependent on the amount ...
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Cheers! Blood Alcohol Calculator 2.0, Cheers! Blood Alcohol Calculator is a program for accurate calculation of human blood alcohol content based on the the number of drinks, the alcohol content of each drink, the drinkers weight, height, sex, and age.... SoftLookup.com is one of the worlds biggest and fastest download site. We offer free download for windows, Linux, Mac software and device drivers.
You can anticipate stiffer penalties if it is your second offense with a blood alcohol level of.08.And a boost in blood alcohol levels suggests an increase in penalties. For instance, a first offense with blood alcohol level of.15 is a minimum of thirty days in prison. You substance abuse counseling might invested approximately 180 in prison.. As with your previous arrests, the officer performs a field sobriety test. If you refuse this, he will ask that you go through a chemical test. While you can refuse this test, he can take your drivers license.. Those who have a hard time with alcohol or drug addiction are discovering that often the "treatment experts" or mainstream thinking isnt helping, however making things even worse. The success rate for traditional substance abuse treatment is not that high which suggests that the majority of those who enter treatment will not prosper. Along with this, those who do not go into treatment have as high or higher success rate in removing their addicting ...
Rev. 5/24/2016 4:00:43 PM--2015]. CHAPTER 484C - DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL OR A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE. GENERAL PROVISIONS. NRS 484C.010 Definitions. NRS 484C.020 Concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath defined. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]. NRS 484C.020 Concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath defined. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]. NRS 484C.030 Concentration of alcohol of 0.18 or more in his or her blood ...
Background. Many patients seeking emergency care are under the influence of alcohol, which in many cases implies a differential diagnostic problem. For this reason early objective alcohol screening is of importance not to falsely assign the medical condition to intake of alcohol and thus secure a correct medical assessment.. Objective. At two emergency departments, demonstrate the feasibility of accurate breath alcohol testing in emergency patients with different levels of cooperation.. Method. Assessment of the correlation and ratio between the venous blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and the breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) measured in adult emergency care patients. The BrAC was measured with a breathalyzer prototype based on infrared spectroscopy, which uses the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) in the exhaled air as a quality indicator.. Result. Eighty-eight patients enrolled (mean 45 years, 53 men, 35 women) performed 201 breath tests in total. For 51% of the patients ...
Since it is not always intuitively obvious which crimes are specific intent crimes, it is important to consult with the attorney. Assault is a general intent crime even though it requires a specific mental state. The distinction was made because this offense too often is associated with intoxication. However, assault with intent to murder is a specific intent crime. If the intent to murder is negated by intoxication or mental illness, then a defendant is found guilty of only assault. Arson is a general intent crime, so it also cannot be negated by intoxication. Murder is a specific intent crime despite there being no further act required. Defendants lacking the specific intent required for murder are found guilty of manslaughter. The distinction between murder and manslaughter developed to prevent individuals who killed another in a drunken brawl from receiving an automatic death penalty. Intoxication itself is no excuse for committing a crime. Since ancient times debate has existed as to ...
Alcohol screening.org: AlcoholScreening.org helps individuals assess their own alcohol consumption patterns to determine if their drinking is likely to be harming their health or increasing their risk for future harm. College Drinking - Changing the Culture: Facts about alcohol poisoning, alcohol myths, blood alcohol content calculator and alcohol abuse. Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) Calculator. U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: A guide to understanding blood alcohol concentration and alcohol impairment.. ULife: ULifeline is an online resource center where college students can find information regarding alcohol and drug use.. Missouri Department of Mental Health: The Division of Behavioral Health has programs around the state to help people with alcohol and drug problems. There are programs for children, teenagers and adults. 573-751-4942 or 800-575-7480 The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is an agency within the ...
To assess the role of acute alcohol ingestion as a risk factor for cerebral infarction, we administered a pretested questionnaire to 205 middle-aged and elderly acute ischemic stroke patients and 410 outpatient controls matched by age, sex, race, and method of hospital payment. Paired Mantel-Haenszel analysis revealed that alcohol ingestion within 24 (p = 0.07) and 72 (p = 0.001) hours of stroke onset and medical histories of smoking (p less than 0.0001), hypertension (p less than 0.001), and transient ischemic attacks (p = 0.051) were more common among stroke index cases than controls. Matched multiple logistic analysis revealed that both hypertension (p less than 0.05) and smoking (p less than 0.05) were independently associated with stroke, while alcohol consumption was not. In analyses to assess the possibility of mutual confounding effects of independent variables, the effect of alcohol ingestion was lost when adjusting for smoking. We conclude that acute alcohol ingestion is not an ...
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China Digital Wine Alcohol Tester Breath Alcohol Tester Alcohol Breathalyzer Sensor, Find details about China Digital Alcohol Tester Alcohol Breath Tester, Breathalyzer from Digital Wine Alcohol Tester Breath Alcohol Tester Alcohol Breathalyzer Sensor - Shenzhen Ipopman Technology Limited
Gabriel Andreuccetti, a Ph.D. candidate in epidemiology at the University of São Paolo Medical School, Brazil, has received the 2011 International Society of Addiction Journal Editors (ISAJE)/World Health Organization Young Scholars Award.. He received the award for his paper, "Reducing the Legal Blood Alcohol Concentration Limit for Driving in Developing Countries: A Time for Change? Results and Implications Derived From a Time-Series Analysis (2001-10) conducted in Brazil," published in the December 2011 issue of Addiction. In Brazil, a new law introduced in 2008 lowered the blood alcohol concentration limit for drivers from 0.06 to 0.02. Mr. Andreuccetti sought to determine whether the new limit had an impact on the prevalence of traffic accidents. Using autoregressive integrated moving averages, he analyzed nonfatal and fatal road accidents from January 2001 through June 2010. Based on his findings, the region had significant reductions in traffic injury and fatality rates after the new law ...
ALCOHOL-RELATED PROBLEMS AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION Release Date: October 1, 2001 RFA: RFA-AA-02-001 National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Letter of Intent Receipt Date: January 18, 2002 Application Receipt Date: February 19, 2002 THIS RFA USES "MODULAR GRANT" AND "JUST-IN-TIME" CONCEPTS. MODULAR INSTRUCTIONS MUST BE USED FOR RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS UP TO $250,000 PER YEAR. MODULAR BUDGET INSTRUCTIONS ARE PROVIDED IN SECTION C OF THE PHS 398 (REVISION 5/2001) AVAILABLE AT https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/phs398/phs398.html. PURPOSE The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) is seeking research grant applications on alcohol use by college students. Investigations are needed which focus on the epidemiology and natural history of college student drinking and related problems and on designing and/or testing interventions to prevent or reduce alcohol-related problems among college students. HEALTHY PEOPLE 2010 The Public Health ...
The short-term effects of alcohol (also known formally as ethanol) consumption-due to drinking beer, wine, distilled spirits or other alcoholic beverages-range from a decrease in anxiety and motor skills and euphoria at lower doses to intoxication (drunkenness), stupor, unconsciousness, anterograde amnesia (memory "blackouts"), and central nervous system depression at higher doses. Cell membranes are highly permeable to alcohol, so once alcohol is in the bloodstream it can diffuse into nearly every cell in the body. The concentration of alcohol in blood is measured via blood alcohol content (BAC). The amount and circumstances of consumption play a large part in determining the extent of intoxication; for example, eating a heavy meal before alcohol consumption causes alcohol to absorb more slowly. The amount of alcohol consumed largely determines the extent of hangovers, although hydration also plays a role. After excessive drinking, stupor and unconsciousness can occur. Extreme levels of ...
But money alone wont fix the problem-we also need legislative and policy changes. Instead of criminalizing the drug based solely on its chemical composition, legality should be defined by toxicity, the accreditation of manufacturing labs, and distribution method. Our federal agencies need to target online distributors. Medical examiners and coroners need to document medications found at overdose death scenes, check those lists against state databases, and report cases of prescription drug diversion. We also need to alert prescribing physicians in these cases so they can re-evaluate their prescription guidelines. Coroners must certify overdose deaths properly-listing all the medications by name instead of just writing "mixed drug intoxication" on the death certificate, for instance. Medical examiners should work with the Drug Enforcement Administration to apply comprehensive testing techniques to pills collected from death scenes, looking for emerging contaminants and designer drugs. This is ...

Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder and delirium in the general population | The British Journal of PsychiatryAlcohol-induced psychotic disorder and delirium in the general population | The British Journal of Psychiatry

Achté K, Seppälä K Ginman L, Colliander N. Alcoholic Psychoses in Finland. Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies, 1969. ... During these periods the psychotic symptoms were in excess of those usually associated with alcohol intoxication or withdrawal ... Evidence of genetic predisposition to alcoholic cirrhosis and psychosis: twin concordances for alcoholism and its biological ... the symptoms were judged to be in excess of the expected effects of intoxication and withdrawal. As disentangling the ...
more infohttp://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/197/3/200

Poly(N‑isopropylacrylamide)
Microgels under Alcoholic Intoxication: When a LCST Polymer Shows
Swelling with Increasing...Poly(N‑isopropylacrylamide) Microgels under Alcoholic Intoxication: When a LCST Polymer Shows Swelling with Increasing...

Microgels under Alcoholic Intoxication: When a LCST Polymer Shows Swelling with Increasing Temperature ... Poly(,i,N,/i,‑isopropylacrylamide) Microgels under Alcoholic Intoxication: When a LCST Polymer Shows Swelling with Increasing ...
more infohttps://figshare.com/articles/Poly_i_N_i_isopropylacrylamide_Microgels_under_Alcoholic_Intoxication_When_a_LCST_Polymer_Shows_Swelling_with_Increasing_Temperature/5398423/1

IV crystalloid fluid for acute alcoholic intoxication prolongs ED length of stayIV crystalloid fluid for acute alcoholic intoxication prolongs ED length of stay

You are at:Home»Intravenous Literature»IV crystalloid fluid for acute alcoholic intoxication prolongs ED length of stay ... IVF for treatment of acute alcoholic intoxication prolonged ED length of stay even after adjustment for potential confounders. ... Conclusions: IVF for treatment of acute alcoholic intoxication prolonged ED length of stay even after adjustment for potential ... IV crystalloid fluid for acute alcoholic intoxication prolongs ED length of stay 0 ...
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Alcoholic intoxication | definition of Alcoholic intoxication by Medical dictionaryAlcoholic intoxication | definition of Alcoholic intoxication by Medical dictionary

What is Alcoholic intoxication? Meaning of Alcoholic intoxication medical term. What does Alcoholic intoxication mean? ... Looking for online definition of Alcoholic intoxication in the Medical Dictionary? Alcoholic intoxication explanation free. ... Alcohol-related contributory causes include alcoholic diseases and particularly alcoholic intoxication.. Alcohol-related ... Alcoholic intoxication , definition of Alcoholic intoxication by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary. ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Alcoholic+intoxication

Aspartate aminotransferase activity in the brain and spinal cord in acute and chronic alcoholic intoxicationAspartate aminotransferase activity in the brain and spinal cord in acute and chronic alcoholic intoxication

... ... Aspartate aminotransferase activity in the brain and spinal cord in acute and chronic alcoholic intoxication, Voprosy ... In the state of chronic alcohol intoxication the enzymatic activity was marked increased in brain and spinal cord; in this case ... fold in rat brain spinal cord tissues due to distinct inhibition of aspartate aminotransferase in acute alcohol intoxication. ...
more infohttp://pbmc.ibmc.msk.ru/index.php/en/article/PBMC-1980-26-4-438-en

Behavioral studies of sleep patterns in alcoholics during intoxication and withdrawal. - Semantic ScholarBehavioral studies of sleep patterns in alcoholics during intoxication and withdrawal. - Semantic Scholar

Behavioral studies of sleep patterns in alcoholics during intoxication and withdrawal. by Nancy K. Mello et al. ... Behavioral studies of sleep patterns in alcoholics during intoxication and withdrawal.. @article{Mello1970BehavioralSO, title={ ... Behavioral studies of sleep patterns in alcoholics during intoxication and withdrawal.}, author={Nancy K. Mello and Jack H. ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Behavioral-studies-of-sleep-patterns-in-alcoholics-Mello-Mendelson/4a64d02d7dd57b5657417c11517faaad48b682e3

Alcohol Intoxication Causes Alcoholic beverages is a generic term for ethanol.Alcohol Intoxication Causes Alcoholic beverages is a generic term for ethanol.

... Using the same logic, which means that a woman ... Some of the alcoholic beverages is converted to other substances . Some is burned as energy and changed into carbon and ... Metabolism : Metabolism may be the technique by which your body processes alcoholic beverages and everything else a person eats ...
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How to Supercharge Your Brain to Boost Memory | Alcoholism | MemoryHow to Supercharge Your Brain to Boost Memory | Alcoholism | Memory

Alcoholic intoxication can lead to blackouts, where people. forget everything they did before getting drunk. Habitual. heavy ... xxxi] The Effects of Alcohol on Your Memory, Alcoholic.. org, Retrieved March 27, 2015.. [xxxii] Marijuanas health effects: ...
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Motivational Interviews for Incarcerated Teens - 1 - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govMotivational Interviews for Incarcerated Teens - 1 - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Alcoholic Intoxication. Substance-Related Disorders. Chemically-Induced Disorders. Mental Disorders. Alcohol-Related Disorders ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00249184

Residual Effects of Intoxication on Student Performance - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govResidual Effects of Intoxication on Student Performance - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Alcoholic Intoxication. Neurologic Manifestations. Nervous System Diseases. Signs and Symptoms. Alcohol-Related Disorders. ... This design is intended to test the hypothesis that intoxication (0.10 g% BAC) with alcoholic beverage impairs next-day ... The investigators primary hypothesis is that intoxication (0.10g% blood alcohol concentration [BAC]) with an alcoholic ... Participants are dosed on two separate occasions, once with non- alcoholic beverage and the other time with alcoholic beverage ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00183170

Simon VA[au] - PubMed - NCBISimon VA[au] - PubMed - NCBI

Injuries connected with alcoholic intoxication].. Perveev VI, Popov VP, Simon VA, Buzovskiĭ AV. ...
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Fetal brain during a binge drinking episode: a dynamic susceptibility contrast MRI fetal brain perfusion study.Fetal brain during a binge drinking episode: a dynamic susceptibility contrast MRI fetal brain perfusion study.

We assessed the effects of a single episode of maternal alcohol intoxication on fetal brain blood perfusion in three pregnant ... Alcoholic Intoxication / physiopathology. Animals. Brain / drug effects*, embryology*, physiopathology. Central Nervous System ... We assessed the effects of a single episode of maternal alcohol intoxication on fetal brain blood perfusion in three pregnant ... Our findings indicate that alcohol intoxication produces profound changes, which may detrimentally influence neurodevelopmental ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Fetal-brain-during-binge-drinking/20505549.html

Surgical management of spastic diplegia in cerebral palsySurgical management of spastic diplegia in cerebral palsy

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome; Cerebral and cerebellar degeneration; Alcoholic neuropathy; Acute alcoholic intoxication; Alcohol ...
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Mouth symptoms - RightDiagnosis.comMouth symptoms - RightDiagnosis.com

Alcoholic intoxication ... vomiting*Aldehyde syndrome ... vomiting*Alektorophobia ... shortness of breath*Algophobia ... ...
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Prevalence of Causes of Symptom: Restlessness  - RightDiagnosis.comPrevalence of Causes of Symptom: Restlessness - RightDiagnosis.com

Alcoholic intoxication... agitation *Alcoholic Neuropathy... restlessness , agitation*Alzheimer disease 10... restlessness , ...
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Almag + Almag Plus New model voltage 220V  magneto therapy PEMF: buy on Kalinka-Store - 856Almag + Almag Plus New model voltage 220V magneto therapy PEMF: buy on Kalinka-Store - 856

Alcoholic intoxication;. • Atrial fibrillation;. • Implanted cardios mulator present in the exposure area. ...
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Interactions of Ethyl Alcohol and Other Drugs | SpringerLinkInteractions of Ethyl Alcohol and Other Drugs | SpringerLink

Acute alcoholic intoxication: use of methyl- phenidylate, Amer. Pract. 11: 48-51.PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Treatment of alcoholic intoxication and the withdrawal syndrome. A critical analysis of the use of drugs and other forms of ... Clinical management of acute intoxication in the chronic alcoholic, Amer. Pract. Dig. Treat. 1: 743-746.Google Scholar ... Fusel oils and their effects on the degree of intoxication after drinking alcoholic beverages. Dissertation Medical Faculty of ...
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Alcoholism
      - Alcohol Abuse
     Summary Report | CureHunterAlcoholism - Alcohol Abuse Summary Report | CureHunter

Alcohol Abuse; Abuse, Alcohol; Chronic Alcoholic Intoxication; Intoxication, Chronic Alcoholic; Alcoholic Intoxication, Chronic ... 01/01/1981 - "To evaluate the efficacy of lithium in chronic alcoholism, we enrolled 47 male alcoholics in a prospective double ... 12/01/1984 - "The efficacy of lithium therapy for alcoholism was examined in 84 alcoholic volunteers admitted for ... and alcoholism for controlled trials reporting blood or breath acetaldehyde levels in alcoholics and nonalcoholics. ". ...
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Jnana Bhaisajya Manjari (A Text on Philosophical Therapeutics)Jnana Bhaisajya Manjari (A Text on Philosophical Therapeutics)

Poison and alcoholic intoxication)58 81Granthakartuh prarthana59 Bibliography60 Appendix - I: Posology61 Appendix - II: ... Visasya made (Poison and alcoholic intoxication). 58. 81. Granthakartuh prarthana. 59. Bibliography. 60. ...
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Breathalyzer - WikipediaBreathalyzer - Wikipedia

"The Diagnosis of Drunkenness-A Quantitative Study of Acute Alcoholic Intoxication". Cal West Med. 26 (6): 778-83. PMC 1655515. ... The American Medical Association concludes in its Manual for Chemical Tests for Intoxication (1959): "True reactions with ... While jurisdictions that recognise absorptive stage intoxication as a defense would also accept a defense of consumption after ... This closely relates to absorptive stage intoxication (or bolus drinking), except that the consumption of alcohol also occurred ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breathalyzer

CoMI | definition of CoMI by Medical dictionaryCoMI | definition of CoMI by Medical dictionary

alcoholic coma coma accompanying severe alcoholic intoxication.. alpha coma coma in which there are electroencephalographic ... Aetiology Head injury, neurologic disease, acute hydrocephaly, intoxication or metabolic derangement or hypoglycemia. coma. ... intoxication or metabolic derangement or hypoglycemia. See Barbiturate coma, Diabetic coma, Induced pentobarbital coma, ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/CoMI

Top 10 Health Benefits of DatesTop 10 Health Benefits of Dates

Dates are excellent for alcoholic intoxication.. *Cures abdominal cancer. The best thing is that it does not have any side ... Dates are excellent for alcoholic intoxication. Cures abdominal cancer. The best thing is that it does not have any side effect ...
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  • Veksler I.I., Magomedova K.M., Aspartate aminotransferase activity in the brain and spinal cord in acute and chronic alcoholic intoxication, Voprosy meditsinskoi khimii, 1980, vol: 26(4), 438-442. (msk.ru)
  • We assessed the effects of a single episode of maternal alcohol intoxication on fetal brain blood perfusion in three pregnant dams (baboons) at the 24th week of pregnancy using dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Our findings indicate that alcohol intoxication produces profound changes, which may detrimentally influence neurodevelopmental processes in the brain. (biomedsearch.com)