Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.
Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.
Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.
Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
Persons who have a history of physical or psychological dependence on ETHANOL.
FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to chronic excess ALCOHOL DRINKING.
Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. It is characterized by NECROSIS of HEPATOCYTES, infiltration by NEUTROPHILS, and deposit of MALLORY BODIES. Depending on its severity, the inflammatory lesion may be reversible or progress to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells that is due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. The fatty changes in the alcoholic fatty liver may be reversible, depending on the amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES accumulated.
A genus known for fibers obtained from their leaves: sisal from A. sisalana, henequen from A. fourcroyoides and A. cantala, or Manila-Maguey fiber from A. cantala. Some species provide a sap that is fermented to an intoxicating drink, called pulque in Mexico. Some contain agavesides.
Acute or chronic INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS due to excessive ALCOHOL DRINKING. Alcoholic pancreatitis usually presents as an acute episode but it is a chronic progressive disease in alcoholics.
An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
An organization of self-proclaimed alcoholics who meet frequently to reinforce their practice of abstinence.
Habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural appetite, especially but not exclusively the consumption of alcohol.
Substances added to foods and medicine to improve the quality of taste.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
An acute organic mental disorder induced by cessation or reduction in chronic alcohol consumption. Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure and heart rate, dilated pupils, and diaphoresis). This condition may occasionally be fatal. It was formerly called delirium tremens. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1175)
Tumors or cancer of the PHARYNX.
A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Nebraska" is a state located in the central United States and does not have a medical definition. If you have any medical terms or concepts you would like defined, I would be happy to help!
A large class of organic compounds having more than one PHENOL group.
Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
**I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Wyoming" is a U.S. state and not a term used in medical definitions.**
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)
Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Lithuania" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. It is a country located in northeastern Europe, bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and the Baltic Sea to the west. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help answer them!
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.
Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Antineoplastic agent that is also used as a veterinary anesthetic. It has also been used as an intermediate in organic synthesis. Urethane is suspected to be a carcinogen.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).
A chemical process for separating the components of a liquid mixture by boiling and collecting condensed vapors.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A condition where damage to the peripheral nervous system (including the peripheral elements of the autonomic nervous system) is associated with chronic ingestion of alcoholic beverages. The disorder may be caused by a direct effect of alcohol, an associated nutritional deficiency, or a combination of factors. Clinical manifestations include variable degrees of weakness; ATROPHY; PARESTHESIAS; pain; loss of reflexes; sensory loss; diaphoresis; and postural hypotension. (From Arch Neurol 1995;52(1):45-51; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1146)
A group of mental disorders associated with organic brain damage and caused by poisoning from alcohol.
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Mechanical food dispensing machines.
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Infection of humans or animals with hookworms other than those caused by the genus Ancylostoma or Necator, for which the specific terms ANCYLOSTOMIASIS and NECATORIASIS are available.
The time frame after a meal or FOOD INTAKE.
Hydrochloric acid present in GASTRIC JUICE.
The evacuation of food from the stomach into the duodenum.
A mental disorder associated with chronic ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) and nutritional deficiencies characterized by short term memory loss, confabulations, and disturbances of attention. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1139)
Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.
A beverage made from ground COFFEA beans (SEEDS) infused in hot water. It generally contains CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE unless it is decaffeinated.
A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.
The infusion of leaves of CAMELLIA SINENSIS (formerly Thea sinensis) as a beverage, the familiar Asian tea, which contains CATECHIN (especially epigallocatechin gallate) and CAFFEINE.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Brazil" is not a medical term or concept, it is a country located in South America, known officially as the Federative Republic of Brazil. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or science, I'd be happy to help answer those!
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A plant genus of the family STERCULIACEAE. This is the source of the kola nut which contains CAFFEINE and is used in popular beverages.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Tumors or cancer of the MOUTH.
The consumption of liquids.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.

Alcohol intake and the risk of lung cancer: influence of type of alcoholic beverage. (1/662)

Alcohol consumption has been associated with an increased risk of lung cancer, but the antioxidants in wine may, in theory, provide protection. This association was studied in 28,160 men and women subjects from three prospective studies conducted in 1964-1992 in Copenhagen, Denmark. After adjustment for age, smoking, and education, a low to moderate alcohol intake (1-20 drinks per week) was not associated with an increased risk of lung cancer. Men who consumed 21-41 and more than 41 drinks per week had relative risks of 1.23 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.88-1.74) and 1.57 (95% CI 1.06-2.33), respectively. The risk of lung cancer differed according to the type of alcohol consumed: After abstainers were excluded, drinkers of 1-13 and more than 13 glasses of wine per week had relative risks of 0.78 (95% CI 0.63-0.97) and 0.44 (95% CI 0.22-0.86), respectively, as compared with nondrinkers of wine (p for trend = 0.002). Corresponding relative risks for beer intake were 1.09 (95% CI 0.83-1.43) and 1.36 (95% CI 1.02-1.82), respectively (p for trend = 0.01); for spirits, they were 1.21 (95% CI 0.97-1.50) and 1.46 (95% CI 0.99-2.14), respectively (p for trend = 0.02). In women, the ability to detect associations with high alcohol intake and type of beverage was limited because of a limited range of alcohol intake. The authors concluded that in men, a high consumption of beer and spirits is associated with an increased risk of lung cancer, whereas wine intake may protect against the development of lung cancer.  (+info)

Type of alcoholic drink and risk of major coronary heart disease events and all-cause mortality. (2/662)

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of beer, spirits, and wine drinking on coronary heart disease (CHD) events (fatal and nonfatal) and all-cause mortality. METHODS: Men aged 40 to 59 years (n = 7735) were drawn at random from one general practice in each of 24 British towns and followed up for an average of 16.8 years. RESULTS: Regular drinkers showed a significantly lower relative risk of CHD, but no all-cause mortality, than occasional drinkers, even after adjustment for potential confounders. The benefit for CHD of regular drinking was seen within both beer drinkers and spirit drinkers but not among men who reported wine drinking. However, all men who reported wine drinking (both occasional and regular) showed significantly lower age-adjusted risks of CHD and all-cause mortality than men drinking beer or spirits; beer and spirit drinkers showed similar risks. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that regular intake of all alcoholic drinks is associated with a lower risk of CHD, but not all-cause mortality, than occasional drinking. A large part, but not all, of the greater benefit seen in wine drinkers relative to other drinkers can be attributed to advantageous lifestyle characteristics (e.g., low rates of smoking and obesity).  (+info)

Fluid intake and the risk of bladder cancer in men. (3/662)

BACKGROUND: Studies in animals have shown that the frequency of urination is inversely associated with the level of potential carcinogens in the urothelium. In humans, an increase in total fluid intake may reduce contact time between carcinogens and urothelium by diluting urinary metabolites and increasing the frequency of voiding. The data on fluid intake in relation to the risk of bladder cancer are inconclusive. METHODS: We examined the relation between total fluid intake and the risk of bladder cancer over a period of 10 years among 47,909 participants in the prospective Health Professionals Follow-up Study. There were 252 newly diagnosed cases of bladder cancer during the follow-up period. Information on total fluid intake was derived from the reported frequency of consumption of the 22 types of beverages on the food-frequency questionnaire, which was completed by each of the 47,909 participants who were free of cancer in 1986. Logistic-regression analyses were performed to adjust for known and suspected risk factors for bladder cancer. RESULTS: Total daily fluid intake was inversely associated with the risk of bladder cancer; the multivariate relative risk was 0.51 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.32 to 0.80) for the highest quintile of total daily fluid intake (>2531 ml per day) as compared with the lowest quintile (<1290 ml per day). The consumption of water contributed to a lower risk (relative risk, 0.49 [95 percent confidence interval, 0.28 to 0.86] for > or =1440 ml [6 cups] per day vs. <240 ml [1 cup] per day), as did the consumption of other fluids (relative risk, 0.63 [95 percent confidence interval, 0.39 to 0.99] for >1831 ml per day vs. <735 ml per day). CONCLUSIONS: A high fluid intake is associated with a decreased risk of bladder cancer in men.  (+info)

Does the concept of a standard drink apply to viticultural societies? (4/662)

The use of standard drink units (SDUs) in the measurement of individual alcohol consumption has become widely popular in recent years. However, the ethanol content of drinks varies from country to country and is usually arrived at without scientific backing. The present study was designed to establish an SDU for a predominantly wine-drinking country (Spain). Two field studies were simultaneously conducted to gather data about home and public alcohol consumption in eight regions of the country with a total of 10751 subjects. The average alcohol content of a drink was very similar for wine and beer, whereas in the case of spirits it was almost double. Relevant differences were found across regions, drinking settings and city sizes. A Spanish SDU was set at 10 g of ethanol for wine and beer, with a measure of spirits accounting for two SDUs. The use of SDUs should be encouraged in primary health care settings. However, dispersion of data suggests that, when SDU is used as a screening tool, additional information should always be obtained in borderline cases.  (+info)

Alcohol intake, beverage preference, and risk of hip fracture in men and women. Copenhagen Centre for Prospective Population Studies. (5/662)

The authors prospectively studied the association between quantity and type of alcohol intake and risk of hip fracture among 17,868 men and 13,917 women. Analyses were based on pooled data from three population studies conducted in 1964-1992 in Copenhagen, Denmark. During follow-up, 500 first hip fractures were identified in women and 307 in men. A low to moderate weekly alcohol intake (1-27 drinks for men and 1-13 drinks for women) was not associated with hip fracture. Among men, the relative risk of hip fracture gradually increased for those who drank 28 drinks or more per week (relative risk (RR) = 1.75, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06-2.89 for 28-41 drinks; RR = 5.28, 95% CI 2.60-10.70 for 70 or more drinks) as compared with abstainers. Women who drank 14-27 drinks per week had an age-adjusted relative risk of hip fracture of 1.44 (95% CI 1.03-2.03), but the association weakened after adjustment for confounders (RR = 1.32, 95% CI 0.92-1.87). The risk of hip fracture differed according to the type of alcohol preferred: preferrers of beer had a higher risk of hip fracture (RR = 1.46, 95% CI 1.11-1.91) than preferrers of other types of alcoholic beverages. The corresponding relative risks for preferrers of wine and spirits were 0.77 (95% CI 0.58-1.03) and 0.82 (95% CI 0.58-1.14), respectively. In conclusion, an alcohol intake within the current European drinking limits does not influence the risk of hip fracture, whereas an alcohol intake of more than 27 drinks per week is a major risk factor for men.  (+info)

Effect of ethanol on the urinary excretion of cyclohexanol and cyclohexanediols, biomarkers of the exposure to cyclohexanone, cyclohexane and cyclohexanol in humans. (6/662)

OBJECTIVES: This study explored the acute effect of ethanol (EtOH) on the urinary excretion of cyclohexanol (CH-ol), 1,2- and 1,4-cyclohexanediol (CH-diol), biomarkers of exposure to important solvents, and chemical intermediates cyclohexanone (CH-one), cyclohexane (CH) and cyclohexanol. METHODS: Volunteers (5-8 in each group) were exposed for 8 hours either to CH-one, CH or CH-ol vapor at concentrations of about 200, 1000, and 200 mg/m3, respectively, with concomitant ingestion of EtOH (4 14-g doses taken during the exposure). Urine was collected for 72 hours and analyzed for CH-ol and CH-diols using a procedure involving acidic hydrolysis and gas chromatographic determination. RESULTS: The metabolic yields of CH-ol, 1,2-, and 1,4-CH-diol, respectively, in the exposures with EtOH were as follows: 11.3%, 36%, 23% after the exposure to CH-one, 3.1%, 15%, 8% after the exposure to CH, and 6.6%, 24%, 18% after the exposure to CH-ol. [The corresponding values obtained previously in matching experiments without EtOH were as follows: 1.0%, 39%, 18% (CH-one); 0.5%, 23%, 11% (CH); and 1.1%, 19%, 8% (CH-ol).] The excretion curves of the metabolites in the exposures with EtOH were not delayed when compared with the corresponding curves of a comparison group. CONCLUSIONS: The urinary excretion of CH-diols is much less sensitive to EtOH than that of CH-ol. It is recommended to employ CH-diols as useful and more reliable biomarkers of exposure to CH-one, CH and CH-ol in field examinations.  (+info)

Plasma endothelin-1 elevation associated with alcohol-induced variant angina. (7/662)

Vasospastic angina as a result of alcohol ingestion has been reported, but the mechanism of alcohol-induced coronary artery spasm is presently unknown. This report presents 2 cases of alcohol-induced variant angina (VA) with elevated levels of plasma endothelin-1 after alcohol ingestion. In case 1, the plasma endothelin-1 concentration was 3.15 pg/ml before drinking (normal <2.30 pg/ml) and increased to 4.09 pg/ml when measured 5 h after alcohol ingestion. After 2 months of abstinence, the plasma endothelin-1 concentration was 2.88 pg/ml and 6 months after abstinence, it decreased to 2.03 pg/ml (normal range). In case 2, the plasma endothelin-1 concentration was 2.44 pg/ml before drinking and increased to 4.36 pg/ml when measured 5 h after alcohol ingestion. After 2 months of abstinence, the plasma endothelin-1 concentration was 3.04 pg/ml and 6 months after abstinence, it decreased to 2.09 pg/ml (normal range). These 2 cases suggest that a relationship may exist between alcohol-induced VA and elevation in the plasma endothelin-1 concentration after alcohol ingestion.  (+info)

Alcohol consumption and cognitive performance in the Framingham Heart Study. (8/662)

Recent studies have indicated that moderate alcohol intake may be beneficial to cognitive functioning in women, although not necessarily in men. Data from the Framingham Heart Study, a large, prospective study of cardiovascular disease in Framingham, Massachusetts, were used to examine the relation between alcohol consumption and cognitive ability. The major research question was whether a different alcohol-cognition relation would be found for male and female drinkers. Men (n = 733) and women (n = 1,053), aged 55-88 years, were queried as to their weekly intake of alcohol, and these data were used to construct groups of abstainers, very light, light, moderate, and heavy drinkers. Data from earlier reports of alcohol consumption were also examined. Participants were administered eight tests which reflect performance in the domains of verbal memory, learning, visual organization and memory, attention, abstract reasoning, and concept formation. Multivariate linear regression analyses were used with statistical adjustment for age, education, occupation, cardiovascular disease, and associated risk factors. Women who drank moderately (2-4 drinks/day) showed superior performance in many cognitive domains relative to abstainers. For men, superior performance was found within the range of 4-8 drinks/day, although fewer significant relations were observed. These results were confirmed by prospective analyses of 24-year drinking history.  (+info)

Alcoholic beverages are drinks that contain ethanol (ethyl alcohol), which is produced by the fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches. The amount of alcohol in a drink is measured in terms of "alcohol content" or "alcohol by volume" (ABV). Different types of alcoholic beverages include:

1. Beer: A fermented beverage made from grains, such as barley, wheat, or rye. The alcohol content of beer typically ranges from 3-6% ABV.
2. Wine: A fermented beverage made from grapes or other fruits. The alcohol content of wine usually falls between 10-15% ABV.
3. Spirits (or liquors): Distilled beverages with higher alcohol content, typically ranging from 40-50% ABV. Examples include vodka, whiskey, rum, gin, and tequila.
4. Fortified wines: Wines that have had a distilled spirit added to them, increasing their alcohol content. Examples include port, sherry, and madeira, which typically contain 17-20% ABV.
5. Malt beverages: Fermented beverages made from malted barley or other grains, with additional flavorings or sweeteners. These can range in alcohol content from around 4-8% ABV.

It is important to note that excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages can lead to various health issues, including addiction, liver disease, and an increased risk of accidents and injuries. Moderate drinking is generally defined as up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men, although individual tolerance and sensitivity to alcohol may vary.

A beverage is a drink intended for human consumption. The term is often used to refer to any drink that is not alcoholic or, in other words, non-alcoholic beverages. This includes drinks such as water, juice, tea, coffee, and soda. However, it can also include alcoholic drinks like beer, wine, and spirits.

In a medical context, beverages are often discussed in relation to their impact on health. For example, sugary drinks like soda and energy drinks have been linked to obesity, diabetes, and other health problems. On the other hand, drinks like water and unsweetened tea can help to keep people hydrated and may have other health benefits.

It's important for individuals to be mindful of their beverage choices and to choose options that are healthy and support their overall well-being. This may involve limiting sugary drinks, choosing water or unsweetened tea instead of soda, and avoiding excessive caffeine intake.

Beer is a fermented alcoholic beverage typically made from malted barley, hops, water, and yeast. The brewing process involves steeping the malt in water to create a sugary solution called wort, which is then boiled with hops for flavor and preservation. After cooling, the wort is fermented with yeast, which converts the sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide. There are many varieties of beer, including ales, lagers, stouts, and porters, that differ in their ingredients, brewing methods, and flavor profiles. The alcohol content of beer generally ranges from 3% to 12% ABV (alcohol by volume).

'Wine' is not typically defined in medical terms, but it is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermentation of grape juice. It contains ethanol and can have varying levels of other compounds depending on the type of grape used, the region where it was produced, and the method of fermentation.

In a medical context, wine might be referred to in terms of its potential health effects, which can vary. Moderate consumption of wine, particularly red wine, has been associated with certain health benefits, such as improved cardiovascular health. However, heavy or excessive drinking can lead to numerous health problems, including addiction, liver disease, heart disease, and an increased risk of various types of cancer.

It's important to note that while moderate consumption may have some health benefits, the potential risks of alcohol consumption generally outweigh the benefits for many people. Therefore, it's recommended that individuals who do not currently drink alcohol should not start drinking for health benefits. Those who choose to drink should do so in moderation, defined as up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men.

Carbonated beverages, also known as fizzy drinks or soft drinks, are drinks that contain carbon dioxide gas which is dissolved under pressure to give them their effervescent quality. The process of carbonation involves infusing carbon dioxide into the drink, usually by passing it through a solution of sugar and water, resulting in a bubbly and slightly acidic beverage.

Carbonated beverages can be categorized into various types based on their ingredients and flavorings. Some common examples include:

1. Soda or soft drinks: These are non-alcoholic carbonated beverages that typically contain carbonated water, high fructose corn syrup or sugar, artificial flavors, and colorings. Examples include Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Sprite, and 7 Up.
2. Sparkling water: This is carbonated water without any added flavorings or sweeteners. It can be plain or infused with natural fruit flavors.
3. Seltzer water: Similar to sparkling water, seltzer water is artificially carbonated and may contain mineral salts for taste.
4. Tonic water: This is a carbonated beverage that contains quinine, sugar, and sometimes added flavorings. It is often used as a mixer in cocktails.
5. Beer and cider: These are alcoholic beverages that undergo fermentation and carbonation processes to produce their fizzy quality.

Carbonated beverages can have negative health effects when consumed excessively, including tooth decay, obesity, and increased risk of type 2 diabetes. It is recommended to consume them in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

'Alcohol drinking' refers to the consumption of alcoholic beverages, which contain ethanol (ethyl alcohol) as the active ingredient. Ethanol is a central nervous system depressant that can cause euphoria, disinhibition, and sedation when consumed in small to moderate amounts. However, excessive drinking can lead to alcohol intoxication, with symptoms ranging from slurred speech and impaired coordination to coma and death.

Alcohol is metabolized in the liver by enzymes such as alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH). The breakdown of ethanol produces acetaldehyde, a toxic compound that can cause damage to various organs in the body. Chronic alcohol drinking can lead to a range of health problems, including liver disease, pancreatitis, cardiovascular disease, neurological disorders, and increased risk of cancer.

Moderate drinking is generally defined as up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men, where a standard drink contains about 14 grams (0.6 ounces) of pure alcohol. However, it's important to note that there are no safe levels of alcohol consumption, and any level of drinking carries some risk to health.

Ethanol is the medical term for pure alcohol, which is a colorless, clear, volatile, flammable liquid with a characteristic odor and burning taste. It is the type of alcohol that is found in alcoholic beverages and is produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts.

In the medical field, ethanol is used as an antiseptic and disinfectant, and it is also used as a solvent for various medicinal preparations. It has central nervous system depressant properties and is sometimes used as a sedative or to induce sleep. However, excessive consumption of ethanol can lead to alcohol intoxication, which can cause a range of negative health effects, including impaired judgment, coordination, and memory, as well as an increased risk of accidents, injuries, and chronic diseases such as liver disease and addiction.

Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a chronic relapsing brain disorder characterized by an impaired ability to stop or control alcohol consumption despite adverse social, occupational, or health consequences. It is defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) as a problematic pattern of alcohol use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as manifested by at least two of the following, occurring within a 12-month period:

1. Alcohol is often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended.
2. There is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control alcohol use.
3. A great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain, use, or recover from the effects of alcohol.
4. Craving, or a strong desire or urge to use alcohol, is present.
5. Recurrent alcohol use results in a failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, or home.
6. Alcohol use continues despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of alcohol.
7. Important social, occupational, or recreational activities are given up or reduced because of alcohol use.
8. Recurrent alcohol use is in situations in which it is physically hazardous.
9. Alcohol use is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problem that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by alcohol.
10. Tolerance, as defined by either of the following:
a) A need for markedly increased amounts of alcohol to achieve intoxication or desired effect.
b) A markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of alcohol.
11. Withdrawal, as manifested by either of the following:
a) The characteristic withdrawal syndrome for alcohol (refer to DSM-5 for further details).
b) Alcohol (or a closely related substance, such as a benzodiazepine) is taken to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms.

The severity of alcohol use disorder is classified as mild, moderate, or severe based on the number of criteria met:

* Mild: 2-3 criteria met
* Moderate: 4-5 criteria met
* Severe: 6 or more criteria met

It's important to note that alcohol use disorder is a complex condition with various factors contributing to its development and course. If you or someone you know is struggling with alcohol use, it's crucial to seek professional help from a healthcare provider or a mental health specialist for an accurate assessment and appropriate treatment.

Alcoholic Liver Cirrhosis is a medical condition characterized by irreversible scarring (fibrosis) and damage to the liver caused by excessive consumption of alcohol over an extended period. The liver's normal structure and function are progressively impaired as healthy liver tissue is replaced by scarred tissue, leading to the formation of nodules (regenerative noduli).

The condition typically develops after years of heavy drinking, with a higher risk for those who consume more than 60 grams of pure alcohol daily. The damage caused by alcoholic liver cirrhosis can be life-threatening and may result in complications such as:

1. Ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdomen)
2. Encephalopathy (neurological dysfunction due to liver failure)
3. Esophageal varices (dilated veins in the esophagus that can rupture and bleed)
4. Hepatorenal syndrome (kidney failure caused by liver disease)
5. Increased susceptibility to infections
6. Liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma)
7. Portal hypertension (increased blood pressure in the portal vein that supplies blood to the liver)

Abstaining from alcohol and managing underlying medical conditions are crucial for slowing down or halting disease progression. Treatment may involve medications, dietary changes, and supportive care to address complications. In severe cases, a liver transplant might be necessary.

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a term that encompasses a spectrum of liver disorders caused by excessive alcohol consumption. The three main stages of ALD are:

1. Fatty Liver: This is the earliest stage of ALD, characterized by the accumulation of fat droplets within liver cells (hepatocytes). It's often reversible with abstinence from alcohol.

2. Alcoholic Hepatitis: This is a more severe form of ALD, characterized by inflammation and damage to the liver cells. It can range from mild to severe, and severe cases can lead to liver failure. Symptoms may include jaundice, abdominal pain, and fever.

3. Cirrhosis: This is the most advanced stage of ALD, characterized by widespread scarring (fibrosis) and nodular transformation of the liver. It's irreversible and can lead to complications such as liver failure, portal hypertension, and increased risk of liver cancer.

The development and progression of ALD are influenced by various factors, including the amount and duration of alcohol consumption, genetic predisposition, nutritional status, and co-existing viral hepatitis or other liver diseases. Abstaining from alcohol is the most effective way to prevent and manage ALD.

Alcoholic hepatitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation and damage to the liver caused by excessive alcohol consumption. It is a type of hepatitis that specifically results from alcohol abuse, rather than from viral infections or other causes. The condition can vary in severity, and long-term heavy drinking increases the risk of developing alcoholic hepatitis.

The inflammation in alcoholic hepatitis can lead to symptoms such as jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and fever. In severe cases, it can cause liver failure, which may be life-threatening. Treatment typically involves alcohol abstinence, supportive care, and medications to manage symptoms and prevent further liver damage. In some cases, hospitalization and more intensive treatments may be necessary.

Alcoholism is a chronic and often relapsing brain disorder characterized by the excessive and compulsive consumption of alcohol despite negative consequences to one's health, relationships, and daily life. It is also commonly referred to as alcohol use disorder (AUD) or alcohol dependence.

The diagnostic criteria for AUD include a pattern of alcohol use that includes problems controlling intake, continued use despite problems resulting from drinking, development of a tolerance, drinking that leads to risky behaviors or situations, and withdrawal symptoms when not drinking.

Alcoholism can cause a wide range of physical and psychological health problems, including liver disease, heart disease, neurological damage, mental health disorders, and increased risk of accidents and injuries. Treatment for alcoholism typically involves a combination of behavioral therapies, medications, and support groups to help individuals achieve and maintain sobriety.

Alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) is a condition in which there is accumulation of fat in the liver due to heavy and prolonged alcohol consumption. The medical definition of "alcoholic fatty liver" is:

"A buildup of fat in the liver (steatosis) caused by excessive alcohol consumption, leading to inflammation, damage, and possible progression to more severe liver diseases such as alcoholic hepatitis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis."

Excessive alcohol intake causes the liver to prioritize metabolizing alcohol over its other functions, which leads to an accumulation of fatty acids in the liver cells (hepatocytes). Over time, this can result in inflammation, scarring, and ultimately liver failure if not treated or if alcohol consumption continues.

AFLD is often reversible if the individual stops consuming alcohol, allowing the liver to recover and repair itself. However, continued alcohol use will exacerbate the condition and may lead to more severe liver diseases.

'Agave' is a genus of plants, primarily found in hot and dry regions of the Americas. It is not a medical term or concept. Agave plants are known for their rosette-shaped arrangement of stiff, sharp leaves, and many species produce a tall flowering stalk after several years of growth. Some agave species are cultivated for the production of various products, such as tequila, a distilled beverage made from the blue agave plant (Agave tequilana), and agave nectar or syrup, derived from several different species.

While not directly related to medical terminology, it is worth noting that some agave species have been used in traditional medicine for various purposes, such as treating skin conditions, wounds, or digestive issues. However, these uses are not well-studied and should not be considered a substitute for evidence-based modern medical treatments.

Alcoholic pancreatitis is a specific type of pancreatitis, which is inflammation of the pancreas. This condition is caused by excessive and prolonged consumption of alcohol. The exact mechanism by which alcohol induces pancreatitis is not fully understood, but it is believed that alcohol causes damage to the cells of the pancreas, leading to inflammation. This can result in abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, and increased heart rate. Chronic alcoholic pancreatitis can also lead to serious complications such as diabetes, malnutrition, and pancreatic cancer. Treatment typically involves supportive care, such as hydration, pain management, and nutritional support, along with abstinence from alcohol. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged tissue or to relieve blockages in the pancreas.

Alcoholic intoxication, also known as alcohol poisoning, is a condition that occurs when a person consumes a large amount of alcohol in a short period of time. This can lead to an increase in the concentration of alcohol in the blood, which can affect the normal functioning of the body's organs and systems.

The symptoms of alcoholic intoxication can vary depending on the severity of the condition, but they may include:

* Confusion or disorientation
* Slurred speech
* Poor coordination
* Staggering or difficulty walking
* Vomiting
* Seizures
* Slow or irregular breathing
* Low body temperature (hypothermia)
* Pale or blue-tinged skin
* Unconsciousness or coma

Alcoholic intoxication can be a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment. If you suspect that someone has alcohol poisoning, it is important to seek medical help right away. Treatment may include supportive care, such as providing fluids and oxygen, and monitoring the person's vital signs. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.

It is important to note that alcoholic intoxication can occur even at relatively low levels of alcohol consumption, especially in people who are not used to drinking or who have certain medical conditions. It is always best to drink in moderation and to be aware of the potential risks associated with alcohol consumption.

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a international fellowship of individuals who have had a drinking problem and wish to do something about it. AA is nonprofessional, self-supporting, multiracial, apolitical, and available almost everywhere. There are no age or education requirements, and membership is open to anyone who wants to do something about their drinking problem.

AA's primary purpose is to help alcoholics stop drinking, though the organization also aims to inspire personal growth and improve the quality of life for its members. AA's program of recovery is based on the Twelve Steps, a set of principles that, when practiced as a way of life, can expel the obsession to drink and enable the sufferer to become happily and usefully whole.

The organization holds regular meetings where members share their experiences, strength, and hope to help one another recover from alcoholism. AA also offers sponsorship, where more experienced members work with newer members to guide them through the Twelve Step program.

It's important to note that while AA has helped many people achieve and maintain sobriety, it is not the only path to recovery from alcoholism. Other evidence-based treatments, such as medication-assisted treatment and behavioral therapy, are also effective for some individuals.

In the context of medicine and health, "temperance" refers to moderation or self-restraint in the consumption of potentially harmful substances, particularly alcohol. It promotes a balanced lifestyle that avoids excessive habits, such as overeating, substance abuse, or any other activities that could negatively impact one's health.

However, it is important to note that "temperance" itself is not a medical term per se but has been used in various historical and social contexts related to health promotion and disease prevention.

Flavoring agents are substances added to foods, beverages, pharmaceuticals, and sometimes even medical devices to enhance or modify their taste and aroma. They can be natural, derived from plants or animals, or synthetic, created in a laboratory. Flavoring agents do not necessarily provide any nutritional value and are typically used in small quantities.

In a medical context, flavoring agents may be added to medications to improve patient compliance, especially for children or individuals who have difficulty swallowing pills. These agents can help mask the unpleasant taste of certain medicines, making them more palatable and easier to consume. However, it is essential to ensure that the use of flavoring agents does not interfere with the medication's effectiveness or safety.

I believe you may have mixed up the terms "medicine" and "commerce." Commerce is a broad term that refers to the buying and selling of goods and services. It is not typically used in a medical context, so it does not have a specific medical definition. However, I can provide you with some related terms that might be helpful:

1. Medical commerce: This term generally refers to the business aspects of healthcare, such as the buying and selling of medical supplies, equipment, and services. It may also refer to the economic relationships between various stakeholders in the healthcare system, including providers, insurers, pharmaceutical companies, and patients.
2. Telemedicine commerce: This term specifically refers to the use of technology to facilitate remote consultations and transactions between healthcare providers and patients. Examples include online appointment scheduling, virtual consultations, and electronic prescribing.
3. Medical tourism: This is a form of commerce where people travel to other countries to receive medical treatment or procedures that may be less expensive or more accessible than in their home country. It can also refer to the business of providing medical services to international patients.
4. Healthcare marketing: This term refers to the activities and strategies used by healthcare organizations to promote their products, services, and brands to potential customers. It includes advertising, public relations, social media, content marketing, and other tactics designed to build awareness, generate leads, and drive sales.

I hope this information is helpful! Let me know if you have any further questions or concerns.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Taxes" is not a medical term. It refers to a compulsory financial charge or levy imposed on individuals or entities by a governmental authority to fund various public expenditures and services. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I'd be happy to help!

Alcohol withdrawal delirium, also known as delirium tremens (DTs), is a serious and potentially life-threatening complication that can occur in people who are dependent on alcohol and suddenly stop or significantly reduce their consumption. It is a form of alcohol withdrawal syndrome that is characterized by the sudden onset of severe confusion, agitation, hallucinations, tremors, and autonomic hyperactivity.

The diagnostic criteria for alcohol withdrawal delirium, as outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), include:

1. Disturbance in consciousness (i.e., reduced clarity of awareness of the environment) with reduced ability to focus, sustain, or shift attention.
2. A change in cognition (such as memory deficit, disorientation, or language disturbance) or the development of a perceptual disturbance that is not better explained by another medical condition or substance use disorder.
3. The disturbance develops over a short period of time (usually hours to a few days) and tends to fluctuate throughout the day.
4. There is evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings that the symptoms are caused by alcohol withdrawal.
5. The symptoms cannot be better explained by another medical condition, medication use, or substance intoxication or withdrawal.

Alcohol withdrawal delirium is a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment in a hospital setting. Treatment typically involves the use of medications to manage symptoms, such as benzodiazepines to reduce agitation and prevent seizures, and antipsychotic medications to treat hallucinations and delusions. Supportive care, such as fluid and electrolyte replacement, may also be necessary to prevent dehydration and other complications.

Pharyngeal neoplasms refer to abnormal growths or tumors in the pharynx, which is the part of the throat that lies behind the nasal cavity and mouth, and above the esophagus and larynx. These growths can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

Pharyngeal neoplasms can occur in any part of the pharynx, which is divided into three regions: the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx. The most common type of pharyngeal cancer is squamous cell carcinoma, which arises from the flat cells that line the mucosal surface of the pharynx.

Risk factors for developing pharyngeal neoplasms include tobacco use, heavy alcohol consumption, and infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). Symptoms may include sore throat, difficulty swallowing, ear pain, neck masses, and changes in voice or speech. Treatment options depend on the type, size, location, and stage of the neoplasm, and may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these approaches.

Acetaldehyde is a colorless, volatile, and flammable liquid with a pungent odor. It is the simplest aldehyde, with the formula CH3CHO. Acetaldehyde is an important intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol and is produced by the oxidation of ethanol by alcohol dehydrogenase. It is also a naturally occurring compound that is found in small amounts in various foods and beverages, such as fruits, vegetables, and coffee.

Acetaldehyde is a toxic substance that can cause a range of adverse health effects, including irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, nausea, vomiting, and headaches. It has been classified as a probable human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Long-term exposure to acetaldehyde has been linked to an increased risk of certain types of cancer, including cancers of the oral cavity, esophagus, and liver.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Nebraska" is a state in the central United States and not a medical term. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I'd be happy to help with those!

Polyphenols are a type of phytochemical, which are naturally occurring compounds found in plant-based foods. They contain multiple phenol units and can be classified into several subgroups, including flavonoids, stilbenes, tannins, and lignans. These compounds have been studied for their potential health benefits due to their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immune-modulating properties. They are found in a wide variety of foods such as fruits, vegetables, tea, wine, chocolate, and cereals.

Dietary sucrose is a type of sugar that is commonly found in the human diet. It is a disaccharide, meaning it is composed of two monosaccharides: glucose and fructose. Sucrose is naturally occurring in many fruits and vegetables, but it is also added to a wide variety of processed foods and beverages as a sweetener.

In the body, sucrose is broken down into its component monosaccharides during digestion, which are then absorbed into the bloodstream and used for energy. While small amounts of sucrose can be part of a healthy diet, consuming large amounts of added sugars, including sucrose, has been linked to a variety of negative health outcomes, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease. Therefore, it is recommended that people limit their intake of added sugars and focus on getting their sugars from whole foods, such as fruits and vegetables.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Wyoming" is not a medical term or condition. It is the name of a state, the 44th state to be admitted into the United States of America. Wyoming is located in the western part of the country and is known for its natural beauty, including Yellowstone National Park, which is partially located within its borders. If you have any questions about medical terms or conditions, I'd be happy to try to help answer those for you!

A diet, in medical terms, refers to the planned and regular consumption of food and drinks. It is a balanced selection of nutrient-rich foods that an individual eats on a daily or periodic basis to meet their energy needs and maintain good health. A well-balanced diet typically includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products.

A diet may also be prescribed for therapeutic purposes, such as in the management of certain medical conditions like diabetes, hypertension, or obesity. In these cases, a healthcare professional may recommend specific restrictions or modifications to an individual's regular diet to help manage their condition and improve their overall health.

It is important to note that a healthy and balanced diet should be tailored to an individual's age, gender, body size, activity level, and any underlying medical conditions. Consulting with a healthcare professional, such as a registered dietitian or nutritionist, can help ensure that an individual's dietary needs are being met in a safe and effective way.

Alcohol withdrawal seizures are a type of seizure that can occur as a result of alcohol withdrawal in individuals who have developed physical dependence on alcohol. These seizures typically occur within 48 hours after the last drink, but they can sometimes happen up to five days later. They are often accompanied by other symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, such as tremors, anxiety, nausea, and increased heart rate.

Alcohol withdrawal seizures are caused by changes in the brain's chemistry that occur when a person who is dependent on alcohol suddenly stops or significantly reduces their alcohol intake. Alcohol affects the neurotransmitters in the brain, particularly gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate. When a person drinks heavily and frequently, the brain adjusts to the presence of alcohol by reducing the number of GABA receptors and increasing the number of glutamate receptors.

When a person suddenly stops drinking, the brain is thrown out of balance, and the reduced number of GABA receptors and increased number of glutamate receptors can lead to seizures. Alcohol withdrawal seizures are a medical emergency and require immediate treatment to prevent complications such as status epilepticus (prolonged seizures) or brain damage. Treatment typically involves administering benzodiazepines, which help to calm the brain and reduce the risk of seizures.

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a type of cardiomyopathy (a disease of the heart muscle) that is caused by excessive alcohol consumption. The condition is characterized by the progressive weakening and enlargement of the heart muscle, which can lead to heart failure. Over time, alcoholic cardiomyopathy can cause the heart to become weakened and unable to pump blood efficiently throughout the body. This can result in symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, irregular heartbeat, and fluid retention.

The exact mechanism by which alcohol causes cardiomyopathy is not fully understood, but it is thought to involve a combination of factors, including direct toxic effects of alcohol on the heart muscle, nutritional deficiencies, and genetic predisposition. Treatment for alcoholic cardiomyopathy typically involves lifestyle changes such as abstaining from alcohol, as well as medications to manage symptoms and improve heart function. In severe cases, hospitalization or surgery may be necessary.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Lithuania" is not a medical term. It is a country in Northern Europe, the southernmost of the three Baltic states. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you!

I am not aware of a specific medical definition for the term "marketing." In general, marketing refers to the activities involved in promoting, selling, and distributing a product or service. This can include market research, product development, advertising, public relations, sales, and customer service. Marketing is used in many industries, including healthcare, to connect with and engage customers, build brand awareness, and increase sales.

"Food analysis" is not a medical term per se, but it falls under the broader field of food science and nutrition. Food analysis refers to the laboratory methods and techniques used to determine the composition and quality of food products. This can include testing for nutrients (such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals), contaminants (like heavy metals, pesticides, or allergens), and other components that may affect the safety, quality, or authenticity of food.

The results of food analysis can be used to ensure compliance with regulatory standards, develop new food products, assess the nutritional value of diets, investigate food-borne illnesses, and monitor trends in food consumption. While not a medical definition, food analysis is an important tool for promoting public health and preventing diet-related diseases.

Sweetening agents are substances that are added to foods or drinks to give them a sweet taste. They can be natural, like sugar (sucrose), honey, and maple syrup, or artificial, like saccharin, aspartame, and sucralose. Artificial sweeteners are often used by people who want to reduce their calorie intake or control their blood sugar levels. However, it's important to note that some sweetening agents may have potential health concerns when consumed in large amounts.

Urethane is not a term typically used in medical definitions. However, in the field of chemistry and pharmacology, urethane is an ethyl carbamate ester which has been used as a general anesthetic. It is rarely used today due to its potential carcinogenic properties and the availability of safer alternatives.

In the context of materials science, polyurethanes are a class of polymers that contain urethane linkages (-NH-CO-O-) in their main chain. They are widely used in various applications such as foam insulation, coatings, adhesives, and medical devices due to their versatile properties like flexibility, durability, and resistance to abrasion.

Fermentation is a metabolic process in which an organism converts carbohydrates into alcohol or organic acids using enzymes. In the absence of oxygen, certain bacteria, yeasts, and fungi convert sugars into carbon dioxide, hydrogen, and various end products, such as alcohol, lactic acid, or acetic acid. This process is commonly used in food production, such as in making bread, wine, and beer, as well as in industrial applications for the production of biofuels and chemicals.

"Energy intake" is a medical term that refers to the amount of energy or calories consumed through food and drink. It is an important concept in the study of nutrition, metabolism, and energy balance, and is often used in research and clinical settings to assess an individual's dietary habits and health status.

Energy intake is typically measured in kilocalories (kcal) or joules (J), with one kcal equivalent to approximately 4.184 J. The recommended daily energy intake varies depending on factors such as age, sex, weight, height, physical activity level, and overall health status.

It's important to note that excessive energy intake, particularly when combined with a sedentary lifestyle, can lead to weight gain and an increased risk of chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. On the other hand, inadequate energy intake can lead to malnutrition, decreased immune function, and other health problems. Therefore, it's essential to maintain a balanced energy intake that meets individual nutritional needs while promoting overall health and well-being.

A patent, in the context of medicine and healthcare, generally refers to a government-granted exclusive right for an inventor to manufacture, use, or sell their invention for a certain period of time, typically 20 years from the filing date. In the medical field, patents may cover a wide range of inventions, including new drugs, medical devices, diagnostic methods, and even genetic sequences.

The purpose of patents is to provide incentives for innovation by allowing inventors to profit from their inventions. However, patents can also have significant implications for access to medical technologies and healthcare costs. For example, a patent on a life-saving drug may give the patent holder the exclusive right to manufacture and sell the drug, potentially limiting access and driving up prices.

It's worth noting that the patent system is complex and varies from country to country. In some cases, there may be ways to challenge or circumvent patents in order to increase access to medical technologies, such as through compulsory licensing or generic substitution.

Central Nervous System (CNS) depressants are a class of drugs that slow down the activity of the CNS, leading to decreased arousal and decreased level of consciousness. They work by increasing the inhibitory effects of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain, which results in sedation, relaxation, reduced anxiety, and in some cases, respiratory depression.

Examples of CNS depressants include benzodiazepines, barbiturates, non-benzodiazepine hypnotics, and certain types of pain medications such as opioids. These drugs are often used medically to treat conditions such as anxiety, insomnia, seizures, and chronic pain, but they can also be misused or abused for their sedative effects.

It is important to use CNS depressants only under the supervision of a healthcare provider, as they can have serious side effects, including addiction, tolerance, and withdrawal symptoms. Overdose of CNS depressants can lead to coma, respiratory failure, and even death.

Distillation is a laboratory technique or industrial process in which a mixture is heated to produce a vapor, which is then condensed and collected as a purified liquid. In the medical context, distillation may refer to the process of extracting or purifying certain substances, such as essential oils from plants or alcohol for use in medicinal preparations. It is also used in the production of pharmaceuticals and chemical compounds. The process works by taking advantage of differences in volatility between components in a mixture: those with lower boiling points vaporize first and are condensed separately, allowing for their isolation.

Smoking is not a medical condition, but it's a significant health risk behavior. Here is the definition from a public health perspective:

Smoking is the act of inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning tobacco that is commonly consumed through cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. The smoke contains over 7,000 chemicals, including nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, and numerous toxic and carcinogenic substances. These toxins contribute to a wide range of diseases and health conditions, such as lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and various other cancers, as well as adverse reproductive outcomes and negative impacts on the developing fetus during pregnancy. Smoking is highly addictive due to the nicotine content, which makes quitting smoking a significant challenge for many individuals.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "fruit" is not a medical term per se. It is a common term used to describe the part of a plant that develops from the ovary after flowering and contains seeds. However, in a nutritional or dietary context, "fruits" are often referred to as foods that are typically sweet and juicy, and come from plants' flowers. They are rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, making them an essential part of a healthy diet. But in a strict medical sense, there isn't a specific definition for "fruit."

"Food habits" refer to the established patterns or behaviors that individuals develop in relation to their food choices and eating behaviors. These habits can include preferences for certain types of foods, meal timing, portion sizes, and dining experiences. Food habits are influenced by a variety of factors including cultural background, personal beliefs, taste preferences, social norms, and economic resources. They can have significant impacts on an individual's nutritional status, overall health, and quality of life.

It is important to note that while "food habits" may not be a formal medical term, it is often used in the context of nutrition and public health research and interventions to describe the behaviors related to food choices and eating patterns.

Phenols, also known as phenolic acids or phenol derivatives, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group (-OH) attached to an aromatic hydrocarbon ring. In the context of medicine and biology, phenols are often referred to as a type of antioxidant that can be found in various foods and plants.

Phenols have the ability to neutralize free radicals, which are unstable molecules that can cause damage to cells and contribute to the development of chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and neurodegenerative disorders. Some common examples of phenolic compounds include gallic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, and ellagic acid, among many others.

Phenols can also have various pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and analgesic effects. However, some phenolic compounds can also be toxic or irritating to the body in high concentrations, so their use as therapeutic agents must be carefully monitored and controlled.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

Alcoholic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that occurs due to excessive alcohol consumption. It's caused by the toxic effects of alcohol and its byproducts on nerves throughout the body, particularly in the peripheral nervous system. The condition typically develops over time, with symptoms becoming more severe as alcohol abuse continues.

The symptoms of alcoholic neuropathy can vary widely depending on which nerves are affected. However, common symptoms include:

1. Numbness or tingling in the arms and legs
2. Muscle weakness and cramps
3. Loss of reflexes
4. Difficulty with balance and coordination
5. Pain or burning sensations in the extremities
6. Heat intolerance
7. Bladder and bowel dysfunction
8. Sexual dysfunction

Treatment for alcoholic neuropathy typically involves addressing the underlying alcohol abuse, as well as managing symptoms with medications and physical therapy. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to monitor and manage complications. It's important to note that abstaining from alcohol is the only way to prevent further nerve damage and improve symptoms over time.

Alcoholic psychosis is a term used to describe a group of psychiatric disorders that are directly related to alcohol abuse or withdrawal. The two most common types of alcoholic psychosis are Wernicke's encephalopathy and Korsakoff's syndrome, which often occur together and are referred to as Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.

Wernicke's encephalopathy is a acute neurological disorder characterized by confusion, memory loss, difficulty with muscle coordination, and abnormal eye movements. It is caused by a thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency that is often seen in people who are chronic alcoholics.

Korsakoff's syndrome, on the other hand, is a chronic memory disorder characterized by severe memory loss and confusion. People with Korsakoff's syndrome often have difficulty learning new information and may confabulate, or make up information, to fill in gaps in their memory.

Both Wernicke's encephalopathy and Korsakoff's syndrome are serious conditions that require immediate medical attention. Treatment typically involves administering thiamine and other vitamins, as well as providing supportive care to help manage symptoms. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary.

It is important to note that alcohol abuse can also lead to other types of psychosis, such as delirium tremens (DTs), which is a severe form of alcohol withdrawal that can cause confusion, hallucinations, and seizures. If you or someone you know is struggling with alcohol abuse, it is important to seek professional help as soon as possible.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), alcohol-related disorders are a category of mental disorders defined by a problematic pattern of alcohol use that leads to clinically significant impairment or distress. The disorders include:

1. Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD): A chronic relapsing brain disorder characterized by an impaired ability to stop or control alcohol use despite adverse social, occupational, or health consequences. AUD can be mild, moderate, or severe, and recovery is possible regardless of severity. The symptoms include problems controlling intake of alcohol, continued use despite problems resulting from drinking, development of a tolerance, drinking that leads to risky situations, or withdrawal symptoms when not drinking.
2. Alcohol Intoxication: A state of acute impairment in mental and motor function caused by the recent consumption of alcohol. The symptoms include slurred speech, unsteady gait, nystagmus, impaired attention or memory, stupor, or coma. In severe cases, it can lead to respiratory depression, hypothermia, or even death.
3. Alcohol Withdrawal: A syndrome that occurs when alcohol use is heavily reduced or stopped after prolonged and heavy use. The symptoms include autonomic hyperactivity, increased hand tremor, insomnia, nausea or vomiting, transient visual, tactile, or auditory hallucinations or illusions, psychomotor agitation, anxiety, and grand mal seizures.
4. Other Alcohol-Induced Disorders: These include alcohol-induced sleep disorder, alcohol-induced sexual dysfunction, and alcohol-induced major neurocognitive disorder.

It is important to note that alcohol use disorders are complex conditions that can be influenced by a variety of factors, including genetics, environment, and personal behavior. If you or someone you know is struggling with alcohol use, it is recommended to seek professional help.

A nutrition survey is not a medical term per se, but it is a research method used in the field of nutrition and public health. Here's a definition:

A nutrition survey is a study design that systematically collects and analyzes data on dietary intake, nutritional status, and related factors from a defined population or sample. It aims to describe the nutritional situation, identify nutritional problems, and monitor trends in a population over time. Nutrition surveys can be cross-sectional, longitudinal, or community-based and may involve various data collection methods such as interviews, questionnaires, observations, physical measurements, and biological samples. The results of nutrition surveys are used to inform nutrition policies, programs, and interventions aimed at improving the nutritional status and health outcomes of populations.

A cross-sectional study is a type of observational research design that examines the relationship between variables at one point in time. It provides a snapshot or a "cross-section" of the population at a particular moment, allowing researchers to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition and identify potential risk factors or associations.

In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of participants at a single time point, and the variables of interest are measured simultaneously. This design can be used to investigate the association between exposure and outcome, but it cannot establish causality because it does not follow changes over time.

Cross-sectional studies can be conducted using various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, or medical examinations. They are often used in epidemiology to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition in a population and to identify potential risk factors that may contribute to its development. However, because cross-sectional studies only provide a snapshot of the population at one point in time, they cannot account for changes over time or determine whether exposure preceded the outcome.

Therefore, while cross-sectional studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying potential associations between variables, further research using other study designs, such as cohort or case-control studies, is necessary to establish causality and confirm any findings.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "life style" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It generally refers to the way an individual or group lives, including their habits, behaviors, and preferences in areas such as diet, exercise, recreation, and stress management. Some lifestyle factors can have a significant impact on health outcomes and risk for certain diseases. However, it is not a medical term with a specific clinical meaning.

Automatic food dispensers are medical devices that automatically deliver specific amounts of food or nutritional supplements to patients, particularly those who have difficulty feeding themselves due to physical impairments or disorders. These devices can be programmed to dispense measured portions at scheduled times, ensuring that patients receive adequate nutrition and hydration. They can help reduce the risk of malnutrition, dehydration, and aspiration pneumonia in vulnerable populations, such as those with dysphagia, neurological disorders, or advanced age. Automatic food dispensers may also be used in clinical research settings to standardize and control the delivery of precise nutritional interventions.

A diet survey is a questionnaire or interview designed to gather information about an individual's eating habits and patterns. It typically includes questions about the types and quantities of foods and beverages consumed, meal frequency and timing, and any dietary restrictions or preferences. The purpose of a diet survey is to assess an individual's nutritional intake and identify areas for improvement or intervention in order to promote health and prevent or manage chronic diseases. Diet surveys may also be used in research settings to gather data on the eating habits of larger populations.

"Sex factors" is a term used in medicine and epidemiology to refer to the differences in disease incidence, prevalence, or response to treatment that are observed between males and females. These differences can be attributed to biological differences such as genetics, hormones, and anatomy, as well as social and cultural factors related to gender.

For example, some conditions such as autoimmune diseases, depression, and osteoporosis are more common in women, while others such as cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer are more prevalent in men. Additionally, sex differences have been observed in the effectiveness and side effects of various medications and treatments.

It is important to consider sex factors in medical research and clinical practice to ensure that patients receive appropriate and effective care.

Hookworm infections are parasitic diseases caused by the ingestion or penetration of hookworm larvae (immature worms) into the human body. The two main species that infect humans are Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale.

The infection typically occurs through skin contact with contaminated soil, often when walking barefoot on dirty ground. The larvae then penetrate the skin, enter the bloodstream, and travel to the lungs where they mature further. They are coughed up and swallowed, eventually reaching the small intestine, where they attach to the intestinal wall and feed on blood.

Hookworm infections can cause a range of symptoms, including abdominal pain, diarrhea, anemia, weight loss, and fatigue. In severe cases, chronic hookworm infections can lead to serious complications such as protein malnutrition and heart failure. Treatment typically involves the use of anti-parasitic medications, such as albendazole or mebendazole, which kill the adult worms and allow the body to expel them. Preventive measures include improving sanitation and hygiene practices, wearing shoes in areas with contaminated soil, and regular deworming of at-risk populations.

The postprandial period is the time frame following a meal, during which the body is engaged in the process of digestion, absorption, and assimilation of nutrients. In a medical context, this term generally refers to the few hours after eating when the body is responding to the ingested food, particularly in terms of changes in metabolism and insulin levels.

The postprandial period can be of specific interest in the study and management of conditions such as diabetes, where understanding how the body handles glucose during this time can inform treatment decisions and strategies for maintaining healthy blood sugar levels.

Gastric acid, also known as stomach acid, is a digestive fluid produced in the stomach. It's primarily composed of hydrochloric acid (HCl), potassium chloride (KCl), and sodium chloride (NaCl). The pH of gastric acid is typically between 1.5 and 3.5, making it a strong acid that helps to break down food by denaturing proteins and activating digestive enzymes.

The production of gastric acid is regulated by the enteric nervous system and several hormones. The primary function of gastric acid is to initiate protein digestion, activate pepsinogen into the active enzyme pepsin, and kill most ingested microorganisms. However, an excess or deficiency in gastric acid secretion can lead to various gastrointestinal disorders such as gastritis, ulcers, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Gastric emptying is the process by which the stomach empties its contents into the small intestine. In medical terms, it refers to the rate and amount of food that leaves the stomach and enters the duodenum, which is the first part of the small intestine. This process is regulated by several factors, including the volume and composition of the meal, hormonal signals, and neural mechanisms. Abnormalities in gastric emptying can lead to various gastrointestinal symptoms and disorders, such as gastroparesis, where the stomach's ability to empty food is delayed.

Alcohol Amnestic Disorder is not listed as a separate disorder in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which is used by mental health professionals to diagnose mental conditions. However, it was previously included in earlier editions as a subtype of Amnestic Disorder due to the effects of substance use or exposure to toxins.

Alcohol Amnestic Disorder is characterized by significant memory impairment that is directly caused by alcohol consumption. This disorder can result in anterograde amnesia, which is the inability to form new memories after drinking, and/or retrograde amnesia, which involves forgetting previously learned information or personal experiences.

The diagnosis of Alcohol Amnestic Disorder typically requires a comprehensive medical and neuropsychological evaluation to determine the extent and nature of memory impairment, as well as to rule out other potential causes for cognitive decline. Treatment usually involves a combination of abstinence from alcohol, pharmacotherapy, and psychosocial interventions to address substance use disorder and any co-occurring mental health conditions.

Energy drinks are defined in the medical literature as beverages that contain caffeine, often along with other ingredients like sugars, vitamins, and various herbal supplements. The caffeine content in these drinks can range from 70 to 240 milligrams per serving, which is roughly equivalent to one to three cups of coffee.

The purpose of energy drinks is to provide a quick boost of energy and alertness, primarily through the stimulant effects of caffeine. However, it's important to note that consuming large amounts of caffeine can lead to negative side effects such as insomnia, nervousness, restlessness, rapid heart rate, and upset stomach.

Additionally, some energy drinks contain high levels of sugar, which can contribute to weight gain, tooth decay, and other health problems when consumed in excess. It's important for individuals to consume these beverages in moderation and be aware of their caffeine and sugar content.

Coffee is defined in medical terms as a beverage prepared from the roasted seeds of the Coffea plant. It contains caffeine, a stimulant that can help increase alertness, improve mood, and boost mental and physical performance. Coffee also contains antioxidants and other bioactive compounds that may have health benefits. However, excessive consumption of coffee can lead to side effects such as insomnia, nervousness, restlessness, and rapid heart rate. It's important to consume coffee in moderation and be aware of its potential interactions with medications and medical conditions.

Flavonoids are a type of plant compounds with antioxidant properties that are beneficial to health. They are found in various fruits, vegetables, grains, and wine. Flavonoids have been studied for their potential to prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer due to their ability to reduce inflammation and oxidative stress.

There are several subclasses of flavonoids, including:

1. Flavanols: Found in tea, chocolate, grapes, and berries. They have been shown to improve blood flow and lower blood pressure.
2. Flavones: Found in parsley, celery, and citrus fruits. They have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
3. Flavanonols: Found in citrus fruits, onions, and tea. They have been shown to improve blood flow and reduce inflammation.
4. Isoflavones: Found in soybeans and legumes. They have estrogen-like effects and may help prevent hormone-related cancers.
5. Anthocyanidins: Found in berries, grapes, and other fruits. They have antioxidant properties and may help improve vision and memory.

It is important to note that while flavonoids have potential health benefits, they should not be used as a substitute for medical treatment or a healthy lifestyle. It is always best to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Tea" is not a medical term. It generally refers to a hot beverage made by infusing the leaves of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) in hot water. There are various types of tea including black, green, white, oolong, and herbal teas, but these are not medical terms. If you have any medical concerns or questions, I'd be happy to try to help if I can, but it would be helpful if you could provide more context or clarify what you're asking about.

I apologize, but "Brazil" is not a medical term or condition. It is the largest country in both South America and Latin America by land area and population. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health concerns, please provide more information and I will do my best to help.

Choice behavior refers to the selection or decision-making process in which an individual consciously or unconsciously chooses one option over others based on their preferences, values, experiences, and motivations. In a medical context, choice behavior may relate to patients' decisions about their healthcare, such as selecting a treatment option, choosing a healthcare provider, or adhering to a prescribed medication regimen. Understanding choice behavior is essential in shaping health policies, developing patient-centered care models, and improving overall health outcomes.

A case-control study is an observational research design used to identify risk factors or causes of a disease or health outcome. In this type of study, individuals with the disease or condition (cases) are compared with similar individuals who do not have the disease or condition (controls). The exposure history or other characteristics of interest are then compared between the two groups to determine if there is an association between the exposure and the disease.

Case-control studies are often used when it is not feasible or ethical to conduct a randomized controlled trial, as they can provide valuable insights into potential causes of diseases or health outcomes in a relatively short period of time and at a lower cost than other study designs. However, because case-control studies rely on retrospective data collection, they are subject to biases such as recall bias and selection bias, which can affect the validity of the results. Therefore, it is important to carefully design and conduct case-control studies to minimize these potential sources of bias.

"Cola" is not a medical term. It is a type of flavored carbonated soft drink that originated in the United States. The term "cola" comes from the name of the kola nut, which contains caffeine and has been used as a flavoring ingredient in these drinks. There are many brands of cola, but the two most well-known are Coca-Cola and Pepsi-Cola.

Colas typically contain carbonated water, high fructose corn syrup or sugar, caramel color, phosphoric acid, natural flavors (including extracts of the kola nut), and sometimes caffeine. Some people may use the term "cola" to refer specifically to Coca-Cola or Pepsi-Cola, while others may use it as a generic term for any type of cola-flavored soft drink.

While colas are widely consumed around the world, they have been associated with certain health concerns due to their high sugar content and other ingredients. For example, excessive consumption of colas has been linked to obesity, tooth decay, and bone density loss. However, it's important to note that these risks can be mitigated by consuming colas in moderation and maintaining a balanced diet.

In the field of medicine, "time factors" refer to the duration of symptoms or time elapsed since the onset of a medical condition, which can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Understanding time factors is crucial in determining the progression of a disease, evaluating the effectiveness of treatments, and making critical decisions regarding patient care.

For example, in stroke management, "time is brain," meaning that rapid intervention within a specific time frame (usually within 4.5 hours) is essential to administering tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a clot-busting drug that can minimize brain damage and improve patient outcomes. Similarly, in trauma care, the "golden hour" concept emphasizes the importance of providing definitive care within the first 60 minutes after injury to increase survival rates and reduce morbidity.

Time factors also play a role in monitoring the progression of chronic conditions like diabetes or heart disease, where regular follow-ups and assessments help determine appropriate treatment adjustments and prevent complications. In infectious diseases, time factors are crucial for initiating antibiotic therapy and identifying potential outbreaks to control their spread.

Overall, "time factors" encompass the significance of recognizing and acting promptly in various medical scenarios to optimize patient outcomes and provide effective care.

A mouth neoplasm refers to an abnormal growth or tumor in the oral cavity, which can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Malignant mouth neoplasms are also known as oral cancer. They can develop on the lips, gums, tongue, roof and floor of the mouth, inside the cheeks, and in the oropharynx (the middle part of the throat at the back of the mouth).

Mouth neoplasms can have various causes, including genetic factors, tobacco use, alcohol consumption, and infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). Symptoms may include a lump or thickening in the oral soft tissues, white or red patches, persistent mouth sores, difficulty swallowing or speaking, and numbness in the mouth. Early detection and treatment of mouth neoplasms are crucial for improving outcomes and preventing complications.

The term "drinking" is commonly used to refer to the consumption of beverages, but in a medical context, it usually refers to the consumption of alcoholic drinks. According to the Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary, "drinking" is defined as:

1. The act or habit of swallowing liquid (such as water, juice, or alcohol)
2. The ingestion of alcoholic beverages

It's important to note that while moderate drinking may not pose significant health risks for some individuals, excessive or binge drinking can lead to a range of negative health consequences, including addiction, liver disease, heart disease, and increased risk of injury or violence.

"Age factors" refer to the effects, changes, or differences that age can have on various aspects of health, disease, and medical care. These factors can encompass a wide range of issues, including:

1. Physiological changes: As people age, their bodies undergo numerous physical changes that can affect how they respond to medications, illnesses, and medical procedures. For example, older adults may be more sensitive to certain drugs or have weaker immune systems, making them more susceptible to infections.
2. Chronic conditions: Age is a significant risk factor for many chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and arthritis. As a result, age-related medical issues are common and can impact treatment decisions and outcomes.
3. Cognitive decline: Aging can also lead to cognitive changes, including memory loss and decreased decision-making abilities. These changes can affect a person's ability to understand and comply with medical instructions, leading to potential complications in their care.
4. Functional limitations: Older adults may experience physical limitations that impact their mobility, strength, and balance, increasing the risk of falls and other injuries. These limitations can also make it more challenging for them to perform daily activities, such as bathing, dressing, or cooking.
5. Social determinants: Age-related factors, such as social isolation, poverty, and lack of access to transportation, can impact a person's ability to obtain necessary medical care and affect their overall health outcomes.

Understanding age factors is critical for healthcare providers to deliver high-quality, patient-centered care that addresses the unique needs and challenges of older adults. By taking these factors into account, healthcare providers can develop personalized treatment plans that consider a person's age, physical condition, cognitive abilities, and social circumstances.

Health surveys are research studies that collect data from a sample population to describe the current health status, health behaviors, and healthcare utilization of a particular group or community. These surveys may include questions about various aspects of health such as physical health, mental health, chronic conditions, lifestyle habits, access to healthcare services, and demographic information. The data collected from health surveys can be used to monitor trends in health over time, identify disparities in health outcomes, develop and evaluate public health programs and policies, and inform resource allocation decisions. Examples of national health surveys include the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS).

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Pennsylvania Virginia Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control Maryland Alcohol Beverage Control Alcoholic beverages in Sweden ... National Alcohol Beverage Control Association - United States North Carolina Alcoholic Beverage Control Commission Pennsylvania ... An alcohol monopoly is a government monopoly on manufacturing and/or retailing of some or all alcoholic beverages, such as beer ... there are some alcoholic beverage control states, where alcohol wholesale is controlled by a state government operation and ...
Its composition is tightly defined by government regulations in countries that tax alcoholic beverages. Denatured alcohol is ... In order to avoid paying beverage taxes on alcohol that is not meant to be consumed, the alcohol is usually "denatured", or ... the use of denatured alcohol unsuitable for beverages avoids excise taxes on alcohol. Aversive agent Bitterant Isopropyl ... In many countries, sales of alcoholic beverages are heavily taxed for revenue and public health policy purposes (see Pigovian ...
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Definition of alcoholic beverage varies internationally, e.g., the United States defines an alcoholic beverage as "any beverage ... Wine law Alcohol exclusion laws Alcohol advertising Drunk driving law by country Public intoxication Non-alcoholic beverage § ... or alcoholic beverages. Common alcoholic beverages include beer, wine, (hard) cider, and distilled spirits (e.g., vodka, rum, ... The alcohol law in Finland was changed in 2018, allowing grocery stores to sell beverages with an alcohol content up to 5.5% ...
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... in relation to a beverage) is a measure of the content of ethanol (alcohol) in an alcoholic beverage. The term was originally ... The measurement of alcohol content and the statement of content on bottles of alcoholic beverages is regulated by law in many ... "Labelling requirements for alcoholic beverages". Canadian Food Inspection Agency. 23 April 2015. Archived from the original on ... To make 50% alcohol by volume fraction, one would take 50 parts alcohol and 50 parts water, measured separately, and then mix ...
Aroma of Beer, Wine and Distilled Alcoholic Beverages MERCK INDEX (10th ed.). 1983. "Fusel Oil" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ... isoamyl alcohol (isopentanol) 2-methyl-1-butanol - sometimes called "active" amyl alcohol isobutyl alcohol - one of the least ... chiefly amyl alcohol) produced as a by-product of alcoholic fermentation. The word Fusel [ˈfuːzl̩] is German for "bad liquor". ... However, in other beverages, such as Korn, vodka and lagers, the presence of alcohols other than ethanol is considered a fault ...
"Greg Holland appointed Chair of Alcohol Beverages Australia". www.drinkstrade.com.au. Retrieved 2019-12-09. "Alcohol Beverages ... "Our Members". Alcohol Beverages Australia. Retrieved 2020-01-06. "Greg Holland appointed Chair of ABA with AGW Tony Battaglene ... Alcohol Beverages Australia (ABA) is an Australian non-profit membership-based organisation that represents retailers, ... "Should Australia's alcohol consumption guidelines be relaxed?". 2GB. 2019-12-10. Retrieved 2019-12-09. McCauley, Dana (2019-10- ...
Alcohol and alcoholism are also studied by the state at the Portland Alcohol Research Center. Alcohol laws in Oregon permit the ... The U.S. state of Oregon has an extensive history of laws regulating the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages, dating ... In 1844, the Oregon Territory voted to prohibit alcoholic beverages. This is often referred to as the first prohibition in the ... It has been an alcoholic beverage control state, with the Oregon Liquor and Cannabis Commission holding a monopoly over the ...
Its important to know how alcohol affects you and how much is too much. ... Many people drink alcohol. Drinking too much can take a serious toll on your health. ... Alcohol use and safe drinking (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Calorie count - Alcoholic beverages (Medical ... Alcohol Topics (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism) * Alcohol Use: Weighing Risks and Benefits (Mayo Foundation ...
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... than in the food and beverage category overall (up 25%). ... wellness have since 2017 grown more quickly with beverage ... Social Standards (SS) says, "Consumer interest in beverage alcohol is down. U.S. consumer conversations about Beverage Alcohol ... related conversations in beverage alcohol, and over 85% growth in conversations about low‑and no‑alcohol consumption, with a ... wellness have since 2017 grown more quickly with beverage alcohol (up 48%) than in the food and beverage category overall (up ...
But many people may not be aware that alcohol use can increase their cancer risk. ... Most people know that heavy alcohol use can cause health problems. ... Overall, the amount of alcohol someone drinks over time, not the type of alcoholic beverage, seems to be the most important ... Alcohol and Cancer Risk. 2018. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/alcohol/alcohol-fact-sheet on ...
02,4; ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE PREFERRED Sec.03,20; 13,602 1. Beer Sec.04,5) 8,343 2. Wine 10,128 3. Liquor 2,588 4. No preference ... Am an alcoholic 214 04. Thought might become an alcoholic 154 05. Had problem with drinking 1,089 06. Have responsibility to ... Alcohol Supplement, 1988. DSN: CC37.NHIS88.ALCOHOL ABSTRACT Each year, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) ... and data from the alcohol questionnaire beginning in location 336. The location and arrangement of specific alcohol data fields ...
... ready-to-drink alcoholic beverages (RTDs) were the most popular among those aged 18 to 24 years, with over 56 percent of ... Value of alcoholic beverages exports from Australia FY 2014-2023. *Value of alcoholic beverages imports to Australia FY 2014- ... Alcoholic beverages market in Australia. Beer industry in Mexico. Beer industry in the United States. Wine in France. Alcoholic ... Statistics on " Alcoholic beverages market in Australia " The most important statistics. *Alcoholic drinks market revenue in ...
Pregnant women seeking replacement to alcoholic beverages may be misled by these labels, unknowingly exposing themselves and ... Alcohol content in declared non-to low alcoholic beverages: implications to pregnancy Can J Clin Pharmacol. 2010 Winter;17(1): ... Methods: Forty-five different beverages claiming to contain no or low alcohol content in the Canadian market were tested for ... The objective of this study was to quantify ethanol concentrations in Canadian beverages claiming to contain no or low alcohol ...
... data also looks at the effects alcohol can have on miscarriages. ... New study finds 1 in 9 women reported drinking alcohol while ... The CDC report also observed specific drinking patterns such as binge drinking four or more beverages in one occasion, which ... New study finds 1 in 9 women reported drinking alcohol while pregnant. New data also looks at the effects alcohol can have on ... Hartmann, this problem with alcohol exposure leading to miscarriage or fetal alcohol syndrome could be really remediated." ...
... alcoholic drink, wine glasses icon in flat style. Available in PNG and SVG formats. ... Alcoholic beverage, Champagne, Alcoholic drink, Wine glasses icons in Flat styles ...
Has a minimum price been set for alcoholic beverages?. The Alcohol Act does not set any minimum price for alcoholic beverages, ... Prohibition of rebates on the price of alcoholic beverages. Offering and paying rebates on the price of alcoholic beverages ... While no upper or lower limit has been set for the pricing of alcoholic beverages in the Alcohol Act, any volume discounts are ... An alcoholic beverage cannot be more expensive when bought individually than what its price is as a similar portion in a multi- ...
We conducted a study of mortality, showing as the cause of death of alcoholic beverage consumption. To this end, the data were ... It has been observed that the consumption of alcoholic beverages in Sergipe has been showing increasing levels of mortality in ... Carcinogenicity of alcoholic beverages. Lancet Oncol. 2007 Apr;8(4):292-3. [ Links ]. ... In Sergipe a predominance of deaths regarding mental and behavioral disorders due to alcohol and related to the alcoholic liver ...
... to put aside the commercial production of beverages and to produce alcohol available to health centers and municipalities in ... 03/21/coronavirus-en-la-argentina-una-cerveceria-artesanal-y-una-destileria-se-unieron-para-producir-y-donar-alcohol-en-gel-a- ...
150 alcohol abuse individuals (cases); 150 non-alcohol abuse individuals (controls)). All cases were using homemade alcoholic ... Conclusion: In view of these findings, Sudanese homemade alcoholic beverages cause oral epithelial atypical changes, which lead ... Cytological changes in oral epithelium due to Sudanese homemade alcoholic beverages. RSBO (Online) [online]. 2013, vol.10, n.1 ... For the cytological atypia among alcohol abuse individuals, the adjusted OR and the 95% CI were found to be 5 (4.34-5.84) and P ...
... and public health implications of mixing alcohol with caffeine or energy drinks. ... The CDC Caffeine and Alcohol fact sheet discusses the dangers, prevalence, ... Caffeinated Alcoholic Beverages. *Caffeinated Alcoholic Beverages (CABs) were premixed beverages popular in the 2000s12 that ... They were malt or distilled spirits-based beverages and they usually had a higher alcohol content than beer (e.g., 12% alcohol ...
Learn about the effects of alcohol in older adults and how you can identify and get help for alcohol misuse and alcohol use ... Many people enjoy an alcoholic beverage or two on occasion with friends or family, but alcohol can be addictive. As we age, ... What are signs of alcohol misuse or alcohol use disorder?. *Getting the help you need for alcohol misuse or alcohol use ... What are signs of alcohol misuse or alcohol use disorder?. Alcohol misuse or alcohol use disorder is a pattern of drinking that ...
Have You Been Pronouncing These Boozy Beverages Wrong?. Its a rhetorical question, youve definitely been saying them wrong. ... Frosé Is The Mouth-Watering Alcoholic Drink You Need To Try This Summer. ...
... reformers lobbied for tighter restrictions on the sale and purchase of alcoholic beverages. When prohibition outlawed alcohol ... realized the popularity of alcohol-based remedies. J. C. Ayer marketed a number of different tonics that included alcohol for a ... realized the popularity of alcohol-based remedies. J. C. Ayer marketed a number of different tonics that included alcohol for a ... During Prohibition, a woman smuggles a personal serving of "giggle water" or alcohol in a hollow cane to add to her drink, 1922 ...
... was 14 Thousand Metric Tons. Discover more data with NationMaster! ... Norway - Alcoholic Beverages Export Volume Thousand Metric Tons - 2014 to 2019. Since 2014, Norway Alcoholic Beverages Export ... How does Norway rank in Alcoholic Beverages Export Volume?. #. 132 Countries. Thousand Metric Tons. Last. YoY. 5‑years CAGR. ... At 14 Thousand Metric Tons in 2019, the country was number 79 among other countries in Alcoholic Beverages Export Volume. ...
... but the precise nature of the caffeine/alcohol interaction is not yet fully understood. ... The increasing popularity of caffeinated alcoholic energy drinks is concerning, especially among young adults, ... And individuals are still free to mix their own caffeine/alcohol beverages. In fact, some UK-licensed alcohol chains offer ... Alcohol Alcohol. 2012;47(4):370-371. © 2012 Oxford University Press Copyright 2007 Medical Council on Alcohol. Published by ...
Alcohol marketing practices in Africa: findings from the Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria AND Uganda  ...
But many people may not be aware that alcohol use can increase their cancer risk. ... Most people know that heavy alcohol use can cause health problems. ... Overall, the amount of alcohol someone drinks over time, not the type of alcoholic beverage, seems to be the most important ... Alcohol and Cancer Risk. 2018. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/alcohol/alcohol-fact-sheet on ...
3. Service of Alcohol at Events. 3.1 On campus events. 3.1.1 The provision of alcoholic beverages and service for all on-campus ... No more than two drink tickets for alcoholic beverages may be provided as part of admission to an event. Queens University ... 4.2.1 No individual will be served more than two alcoholic beverages, per order and in accordance with any exception listed ... 5.6 Any reference to transportation that is sponsored by manufacturers or representatives of alcoholic beverages or by off- ...
State regulations are updated quarterly; we currently have two versions available. Below is a comparison between our most recent version and the prior quarterly release. More comparison features will be added as we have more versions to compare.. ...
If You Choose to Have an Alcoholic Drink:. If you are going to have an alcohol containing beverage, it is best to do so just ... the level of alcohol in your breast milk will also decrease. Breast milk continues to contain alcohol if alcohol is still in ... Breastfeeding your baby while consuming alcohol can pose a risk to your infant if he or she consumes breast milk with alcohol. ... does NOT reduce the amount of alcohol present in your milk quicker. As your alcohol blood level falls over time, ...
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... asking what evidence there was for compulsory labelling of alcoholic beverages impacting on behaviour:. Dame Sally Davies: "I ... Alcohol manufacturers and supermarkets have labelled quite a lot - I think it is about 90% - of alcohol that is on sale. The ... Adapted from Alcohol Concern press release. New data released by charity Alcohol Concern show that nearly 1 in 6 Brits ... Dry January is Alcohol Concerns annual campaign (since 2012) challenging people to go booze free for 31 days. In 2016, the ...
Alcoholic And Non-Alcoholic Beverages Market Demand, Alcoholic And Non-Alcoholic Beverages Market Trends, Alcoholic And Non- ... Alcoholic Beverages Market Analysis, Alcoholic And Non-Alcoholic Beverages Market Growth, Alcoholic And Non-Alcoholic Beverages ... Alcoholic And Non-Alcoholic Beverages Market Forecast, Alcoholic And Non-Alcoholic Beverages Market Challenges ... Non-Alcoholic Beverages. Worldwide Alcoholic And Non-Alcoholic Beverages Market by Key Players: Danone, Kraft Foods, Attitude ...
Alcohol marketing practices in Africa: findings from the Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria AND Uganda  ...
If you are repackaging alcoholic products or beverages, describe how you will determine the volume of your final fill of the ... Indicate how you will accurately measure the volume and alcoholic strength of bulk alcohol corrected to 20°C that you receive, ... Excise (Volume - Alcoholic excisable goods) Determination 2019 and Excise (Alcoholic Strength of Excisable Goods) Determination ... repackage excisable alcohol products or concessional spirits including bulk excisable alcohol products ...
The African Region is faced with a growing burden of harmful alcohol consumption and its disastrous effects. ... regulating the marketing of alcoholic beverages (in particular to younger people);. *regulating and restricting availability of ... Factors affecting alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm A variety of factors have been identified at the individual and ... Alcohol Alcohol is a psychoactive substance with dependence-producing properties that has been widely used in many cultures for ...
It is a fact that the effect of use of alcohol except under medical advice is primarily negative. ... Why We Should Not Use Alcohol and Drugs Alcohol is the most frequently abused drug in the world. ... Proverbs 23:19-20 A wise person will not be among the drinkers of alcoholic beverages. ... Alcohol is the most frequently abused drug in the world. It is a fact that the effect of use of alcohol except under medical ...
Where and how adolescents obtain alcoholic beverages. Cite CITE. Title : Where and how adolescents obtain alcoholic beverages. ... Lower legal blood alcohol limits for young drivers. Cite CITE. Title : Lower legal blood alcohol limits for young drivers. ... Title : The sale of alcoholic beverages to minors. Personal Author(s) : OLeary, D;Gorman, D M;Speer, P W; Published Date : ... Patterns of acquisition of alcoholic beverages by underage youth were studied, using focus group methods with a sample of ...
  • Ethanol is the type of alcohol found in alcoholic drinks, whether they are beers, wines, liquors (distilled spirits), or other drinks. (cancer.org)
  • Non- or low alcoholic wines and beers may be a risk-reduction strategy to help alcohol-dependent individuals to prevent or limit ethanol consumption. (nih.gov)
  • The ethanol in alcohol acts like a poison. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • uncountable ) Beverages containing ethanol , collectively. (wiktionary.org)
  • Alcoholic drinks contain different percentages of ethanol, but in general, a standard size drink of any type - 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof liquor - contains about the same amount of ethanol (about half an ounce). (cancer.org)
  • The objective of this study was to quantify ethanol concentrations in Canadian beverages claiming to contain no or low alcohol content. (nih.gov)
  • Forty-five different beverages claiming to contain no or low alcohol content in the Canadian market were tested for ethanol concentration using gas chromatography. (nih.gov)
  • Thirteen (29%) of the beverages contained ethanol levels higher than the declared concentration on their label. (nih.gov)
  • Six beverages claiming to contain no alcohol were found to contain greater than 1% ethanol. (nih.gov)
  • Pregnant women seeking replacement to alcoholic beverages may be misled by these labels, unknowingly exposing themselves and their unborn babies to ethanol. (nih.gov)
  • The abusive consumption of alcohol expresses itself into a serious public health problem throughout the world. (bvsalud.org)
  • Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, which people usually refer to as fetal alcohol syndrome, happen when a developing baby gets exposure to alcohol during gestation. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome affects many aspects of functioning, and it can cause brain damage. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Doctors have not yet established a safe level of alcohol consumption during pregnancy, so the best strategy for preventing fetal alcohol syndrome is to abstain altogether from alcohol at this time. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Alcohol consumption in pregnancy may result in serious adverse fetal outcome. (nih.gov)
  • Some people with a history of excessive alcohol use develop nutritional deficiencies that further damage brain function. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Alcohol and alcoholism are also studied by the state at the Portland Alcohol Research Center. (wikipedia.org)
  • To prevent deaths related to alcohol consumption (14), ways of prevention and health promotion are necessary, including those regarding the school population (15) , aiming at the reduction of consumption and consequent reduction of the risk of disease and early death. (bvsalud.org)
  • Binge drinking raises your risk of injuries, car crashes, and alcohol overdose. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Vitamin supplements and complete abstinence from alcohol may reverse symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome within the first 2 years after stopping drinking. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The company has released a report which claims to have found the reasons for turmoil in beverage alcohol: a 48% increase in health & wellness‑related conversations in beverage alcohol, and over 85% growth in conversations about low‑and no‑alcohol consumption, with a significant decrease in conversations about casual & heavy drinking occasions. (forbes.com)
  • Drinking even small amounts of alcohol is linked with an increased risk of breast cancer in women. (cancer.org)
  • According to a Roy Morgan single source survey conducted in the 12 months to March 2023 in Australia, ready-to-drink alcoholic beverages (RTDs) were the most popular among those aged 18 to 24 years, with over 56 percent of respondents in this age category reporting drinking RTDs during the survey period. (statista.com)
  • Heavy alcohol consumption is defined as a pattern of drinking that exceeds a specified daily amount (e.g. three drinks a day) or quantity per occasion (e.g. five drinks on an occasion, at least once a week) and is considered high-risk drinking. (who.int)
  • 5 Mustonen H et al, Alcohol drinking in Namibia. (who.int)
  • In: Obot IS and Room R, Alcohol, gender and drinking problems: perspectives from low and middle income countries, Geneva, World Health Organization, 2005, pp.143 - 167. (who.int)
  • However, when a person drinks to excess, the liver cannot filter the alcohol fast enough, and this triggers immediate changes in the brain. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The heavy consumption of high-alcohol drinks is more likely to cause alcohol poisoning. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Overall, the amount of alcohol someone drinks over time, not the type of alcoholic beverage, seems to be the most important factor in raising cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • When the liver is not able to filter this poison quickly enough, a person can develop signs of alcohol poisoning or alcohol overdose. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • An overdose of alcohol affects the brain's ability to sustain basic life functions. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • An untreated alcohol overdose can be fatal. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The higher a person's blood alcohol concentration, the higher their risk of alcohol overdose. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In a healthy person, the liver quickly filters alcohol, helping the body get rid of the drug. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Over time, excessive alcohol consumption can damage both the brain and liver, causing lasting damage. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The precise symptoms of alcohol-related brain damage depend on a person's overall health, how much they drink, and how well their liver functions, among other factors. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People who have smaller bodies, drink alcohol less frequently, or have a history of liver disease are also more vulnerable to alcohol poisoning. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Long-term alcohol use has been linked to an increased risk of liver cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Regular, heavy alcohol use can damage the liver, leading to inflammation and scarring, which might be why it raises the risk of liver cancer. (cancer.org)
  • However, there are reports which state that moderate intake of alcohol has a protective effect regarding cardiovascular disease, which presents lower mortality rates compared to teetotalers and people who take part in exaggerated use (13) . (bvsalud.org)
  • This might be because alcohol can help harmful chemicals in tobacco get inside the cells that line the mouth, throat, and esophagus. (cancer.org)
  • The disease burden attributable to harmful use of alcohol is significant at global level and in the African Region. (who.int)
  • If you are going to drink, it's important to know how alcohol affects you and how much is too much. (medlineplus.gov)
  • DSN: CC37.NHIS88.ALCOHOL ABSTRACT Each year, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) conducts the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). (cdc.gov)
  • In 1988, the NHIS included a special health topic questionnaire about alcohol consumption patterns and related subjects. (cdc.gov)
  • METHODOLOGY The tape contains data from the NHIS basic health and demographic questionnaire in the first section, and data from the alcohol questionnaire beginning in location 336. (cdc.gov)
  • This report summarizes the findings of a cognitive interview study to test questions on alcohol consumption for use in the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the National health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). (cdc.gov)
  • The purpose of this cognitive interviewing study was to evaluate questions with the aim of developing a core set of alcohol consumption questions that could be used by both NHIS and NHANES as well as to evaluate questions that may be used on each survey individually. (cdc.gov)
  • According to SS, conversations among consumers indicate a macro trend that we are concerned about what goes into our bodies, which spills into the beverage alcohol category. (forbes.com)
  • Excessive alcohol consumption can have long-lasting effects on neurotransmitters in the brain, decreasing their effectiveness or even mimicking them. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The drugs, the alcohol and the lawful use, with great reach and social acceptance, however, their excessive consumption causes medical, psychological, professional and family problems, leading to high economic and social costs (3-4) . (bvsalud.org)
  • Many Americans drink alcohol at least occasionally. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Who should not drink alcohol? (medlineplus.gov)
  • For each of these cancers, the more alcohol you drink, the higher your cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • Ready-to-drink includes premixed alcohol and alcopops. (statista.com)
  • It has been an alcoholic beverage control state, with the Oregon Liquor and Cannabis Commission holding a monopoly over the sale of all distilled beverages, since Prohibition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike states that allow liquor sales in grocery stores, liquor in Oregon is sold only in OLCC run liquor stores and establishments that have liquor licenses, and the OLCC has strict guidelines and training to ensure that all licensed venues understand how to safely sell and serve alcoholic beverages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol laws in Oregon permit the sale of beer, wine, and liquor, for on- or off-premises consumption, between 7 a.m. and 2:30 a.m. (wikipedia.org)
  • The alcohol intake was evaluated in 193 countries, and it was found that worldwide about 2.5 million people die every year because of abusive consumption, resulting in approximately 4.0% of total deaths (4) , which is a serious problem for public health (6) . (bvsalud.org)
  • Over time, alcohol abuse can cause permanent brain damage. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Alcohol abuse makes it more difficult for the body to absorb this nutrient, but other issues, such as severe eating disorders, cancer , AIDS , and conditions that affect the body's ability to absorb nutrients, may also cause Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • By extension, the word came to refer to any fluid obtained by distillation, including "alcohol of wine", the distilled essence of wine. (wiktionary.org)
  • Alcohol use accounts for about 6% of all cancers and 4% of all cancer deaths in the United States. (cancer.org)
  • The objective of this study was to describe the deaths which are caused by alcohol in Sergipe between 1998 and 2010. (bvsalud.org)
  • Alcohol is considered a major contributor to the disease burden and premature deaths worldwide (1) . (bvsalud.org)
  • Research regarding addiction in the European Union between 1980 and 2003, has shown that deaths related to alcohol accounted for over 10% of all mortality, and the authors highlighted the importance of national prevention strategies (16) . (bvsalud.org)
  • Alcohol use clearly raises the risk of these cancers. (cancer.org)
  • People with severe symptoms of intoxication or symptoms that last many hours are at risk of alcohol poisoning . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Yet many people don't know about the link between alcohol use and cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Alcohol probably also increases the risk of cancer of the stomach , and might affect the risk of some other cancers as well. (cancer.org)
  • Alcohol use has been linked with a higher risk of cancers of the colon and rectum. (cancer.org)
  • Heavy alcohol use can also cause problems at home, at work, and with friends. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In this report, over 4% of all beverage alcohol social media conversations mention topics related to health and wellness. (forbes.com)
  • Health Survey3 showed that 42.3% of Zambian adolescent students between 13 and 15 years old were current consumers of alcohol, and from those, 42.8%, had already been drunk at least once in their lives. (who.int)
  • 7. At its one-hundred-and-twenty-second session, the WHO Executive Board recommended a resolution on alcohol for adoption at the Sixty-first World Health Assembly in 2008. (who.int)
  • The U.S. state of Oregon has an extensive history of laws regulating the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages, dating back to 1844. (wikipedia.org)
  • Avoiding or cutting back on alcohol may be an important way for many women to lower their risk of breast cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Alcohol can also affect your coordination and physical control. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Alcohol use is one of the most important preventable risk factors for cancer, along with tobacco use and excess body weight. (cancer.org)
  • But for some types of cancer, most notably breast cancer, consuming even small amounts of alcohol can increase risk. (cancer.org)
  • Alcohol can raise estrogen levels in the body, which may explain some of the increased risk. (cancer.org)
  • The overall response rate for the Alcohol survey was about 87 percent, yielding 43,809 interviews. (cdc.gov)
  • According to a WHO STEPS survey,1 large percentages of respondents in Cameroon (84%), Mozambique (77.2%) and Cote d'Ivoire (71%) had drunk alcohol in the previous 12 months. (who.int)
  • The same survey in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2005 showed that in the previous 12 months only 53.7% of women reported not having drunk alcohol. (who.int)
  • The report goes onto say that non‑alcoholic products & flavored spirits have an average relationship to carbohydrate counting and "are therefore unlikely to be impacted by its fluctuations. (forbes.com)
  • SS makes the point that the beverage alcohol category drives conversations more so than at any particular brand level, adding, "By plotting the connection between a trend and a product (or brand) against the product's growth over time, we can discover whether the product will benefit from the trend. (forbes.com)
  • This was repealed in 1845, but prohibition was reinstated in 1915, four years before the national alcohol prohibition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consumer interest in low‑alcohol increased more than 80% in the last two years, and the upward trend is not seasonal, which implies consumers are sticking with this new way of consuming beverage alcohol. (forbes.com)
  • Workplace, social, physical, legal, family and other related violence are also (5) singled out as problems related to alcohol use. (bvsalud.org)
  • Proposed by African Region Member States through Rwanda, the resolution called for the development of a global strategy to be submitted in 2010 with inputs from Member States and requested countries to monitor and strengthen national responses to alcohol use. (who.int)
  • Certain social sectors or circumstances should be free of alcohol and in particular should not be consumed during childhood and adolescence (12) . (bvsalud.org)
  • Growth of categories like vermouth and sherry-up more than 20% YoY-suggest to SS that low alcohol by volume (ABV) consumers seek balance between low potency and high flavor. (forbes.com)
  • In Namibia, 32.8% were current alcohol consumers and 31.8% had already been drunk. (who.int)
  • Alcohol may also limit how these cells can repair damage to their DNA caused by the chemicals in tobacco. (cancer.org)
  • Generally, the alcohol-related fields are laid out in descending order of the number of types of drinkers asked those questions. (cdc.gov)