Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Alcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Noonan Syndrome: A genetically heterogeneous, multifaceted disorder characterized by short stature, webbed neck, ptosis, skeletal malformations, hypertelorism, hormonal imbalance, CRYPTORCHIDISM, multiple cardiac abnormalities (most commonly including PULMONARY VALVE STENOSIS), and some degree of INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. The phenotype bears similarities to that of TURNER SYNDROME that occurs only in females and has its basis in a 45, X karyotype abnormality. Noonan syndrome occurs in both males and females with a normal karyotype (46,XX and 46,XY). Mutations in a several genes (PTPN11, KRAS, SOS1, NF1 and RAF1) have been associated the the NS phenotype. Mutations in PTPN11 are the most common. LEOPARD SYNDROME, a disorder that has clinical features overlapping those of Noonan Syndrome, is also due to mutations in PTPN11. In addition, there is overlap with the syndrome called neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome due to mutations in NF1.Alcohol Dehydrogenase: A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.LEOPARD Syndrome: An autosomal dominant disorder with an acronym of its seven features (LENTIGO; ELECTROCARDIOGRAM abnormalities; ocular HYPERTELORISM; PULMONARY STENOSIS; abnormal genitalia; retardation of growth; and DEAFNESS or SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS). This syndrome is caused by mutations of PTPN11 gene encoding the non-receptor PROTEIN TYROSINE PHOSPHATASE, type 11, and is an allelic to NOONAN SYNDROME. Features of LEOPARD syndrome overlap with those of NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1 which is caused by mutations in the NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1 GENES.Stress Disorders, Traumatic: Anxiety disorders manifested by the development of characteristic symptoms following a psychologically traumatic event that is outside the normal range of usual human experience. Symptoms include re-experiencing the traumatic event, increased arousal, and numbing of responsiveness to or reduced involvement with the external world. Traumatic stress disorders can be further classified by the time of onset and the duration of these symptoms.Bipolar Disorder: A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.Parasomnias: Movements or behaviors associated with sleep, sleep stages, or partial arousals from sleep that may impair sleep maintenance. Parasomnias are generally divided into four groups: arousal disorders, sleep-wake transition disorders, parasomnias of REM sleep, and nonspecific parasomnias. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p191)Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Masturbation: Sexual stimulation or gratification of the self.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Environmental Remediation: Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute: A class of traumatic stress disorders that is characterized by the significant dissociative states seen immediately after overwhelming trauma. By definition it cannot last longer than 1 month, if it persists, a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (STRESS DISORDERS, POST-TRAUMATIC) is more appropriate.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.Mood Disorders: Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An umbrella term used to describe a pattern of disabilities and abnormalities that result from fetal exposure to ETHANOL during pregnancy. It encompasses a phenotypic range that can vary greatly between individuals, but reliably includes one or more of the following: characteristic facial dysmorphism, FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION, central nervous system abnormalities, cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction, BIRTH DEFECTS. The level of maternal alcohol consumption does not necessarily correlate directly with disease severity.Societies, Nursing: Societies whose membership is limited to nurses.Marfan Syndrome: An autosomal dominant disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE with abnormal features in the heart, the eye, and the skeleton. Cardiovascular manifestations include MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE, dilation of the AORTA, and aortic dissection. Other features include lens displacement (ectopia lentis), disproportioned long limbs and enlarged DURA MATER (dural ectasia). Marfan syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene encoding fibrillin, a major element of extracellular microfibrils of connective tissue.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)alpha-Synuclein: A synuclein that is a major component of LEWY BODIES that plays a role in neurodegeneration and neuroprotection.Pachyonychia Congenita: A group of inherited ectodermal dysplasias whose most prominent clinical feature is hypertrophic nail dystrophy resulting in PACHYONYCHIA. Several specific subtypes of pachyonychia congenita have been associated with mutations in genes that encode KERATINS.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Alcohol-Related Disorders: Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.Frasier Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE and GONADAL DYSGENESIS in phenotypic females with karyotype of 46,XY or female individual with a normal 46,XX karyotype. It is caused by donor splice-site mutations of Wilms tumor suppressor gene (GENES, WILMS TUMOR) on chromosome 11.Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Abnormalities, MultipleAlcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Alcohol Oxidoreductases: A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on primary and secondary alcohols as well as hemiacetals. They are further classified according to the acceptor which can be NAD+ or NADP+ (subclass 1.1.1), cytochrome (1.1.2), oxygen (1.1.3), quinone (1.1.5), or another acceptor (1.1.99).Benzyl Alcohols: Alcohols derived from the aryl radical (C6H5CH2-) and defined by C6H5CHOH. The concept includes derivatives with any substituents on the benzene ring.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Supranuclear Palsy, Progressive: A degenerative disease of the central nervous system characterized by balance difficulties; OCULAR MOTILITY DISORDERS (supranuclear ophthalmoplegia); DYSARTHRIA; swallowing difficulties; and axial DYSTONIA. Onset is usually in the fifth decade and disease progression occurs over several years. Pathologic findings include neurofibrillary degeneration and neuronal loss in the dorsal MESENCEPHALON; SUBTHALAMIC NUCLEUS; RED NUCLEUS; pallidum; dentate nucleus; and vestibular nuclei. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1076-7)Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Kidney Diseases, Cystic: A heterogeneous group of hereditary and acquired disorders in which the KIDNEY contains one or more CYSTS unilaterally or bilaterally (KIDNEY, CYSTIC).Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Schizophrenic Psychology: Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.Chernobyl Nuclear Accident: April 25th -26th, 1986 nuclear power accident that occurred at Chernobyl in the former USSR (Ukraine) located 80 miles north of Kiev.Cerebellar Diseases: Diseases that affect the structure or function of the cerebellum. Cardinal manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, GAIT ATAXIA, and MUSCLE HYPOTONIA.Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.Parkinson Disease: A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)Central Nervous System Depressants: A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).Ectodermal Dysplasia: A group of hereditary disorders involving tissues and structures derived from the embryonic ectoderm. They are characterized by the presence of abnormalities at birth and involvement of both the epidermis and skin appendages. They are generally nonprogressive and diffuse. Various forms exist, including anhidrotic and hidrotic dysplasias, FOCAL DERMAL HYPOPLASIA, and aplasia cutis congenita.Benzyl Alcohol: A colorless liquid with a sharp burning taste and slight odor. It is used as a local anesthetic and to reduce pain associated with LIDOCAINE injection. Also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutic aid, and in perfumery and flavoring.Fatty Alcohols: Usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4 carbons, derived from natural fats and oils, including lauryl, stearyl, oleyl, and linoleyl alcohols. They are used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents, plastics, and lube oils and in textile manufacture. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Antipsychotic Agents: Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Alcohol Deterrents: Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Polyvinyl Alcohol: A polymer prepared from polyvinyl acetates by replacement of the acetate groups with hydroxyl groups. It is used as a pharmaceutic aid and ophthalmic lubricant as well as in the manufacture of surface coatings artificial sponges, cosmetics, and other products.Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Synucleins: A family of homologous proteins of low MOLECULAR WEIGHT that are predominately expressed in the BRAIN and that have been implicated in a variety of human diseases. They were originally isolated from CHOLINERGIC FIBERS of TORPEDO.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Lewy Bodies: Intracytoplasmic, eosinophilic, round to elongated inclusions found in vacuoles of injured or fragmented neurons. The presence of Lewy bodies is the histological marker of the degenerative changes in LEWY BODY DISEASE and PARKINSON DISEASE but they may be seen in other neurological conditions. They are typically found in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but they are also seen in the basal forebrain, hypothalamic nuclei, and neocortex.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Phobic Disorders: Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.Dementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Age of Onset: The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.United StatesChild Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Temperance: Habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural appetite, especially but not exclusively the consumption of alcohol.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)tau Proteins: Microtubule-associated proteins that are mainly expressed in neurons. Tau proteins constitute several isoforms and play an important role in the assembly of tubulin monomers into microtubules and in maintaining the cytoskeleton and axonal transport. Aggregation of specific sets of tau proteins in filamentous inclusions is the common feature of intraneuronal and glial fibrillar lesions (NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; NEUROPIL THREADS) in numerous neurodegenerative disorders (ALZHEIMER DISEASE; TAUOPATHIES).Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium: An acute organic mental disorder induced by cessation or reduction in chronic alcohol consumption. Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure and heart rate, dilated pupils, and diaphoresis). This condition may occasionally be fatal. It was formerly called delirium tremens. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1175)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Mutation, Missense: A mutation in which a codon is mutated to one directing the incorporation of a different amino acid. This substitution may result in an inactive or unstable product. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, King & Stansfield, 5th ed)DNA Mutational Analysis: Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Brain Diseases: Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.Amyloid beta-Peptides: Peptides generated from AMYLOID BETA-PEPTIDES PRECURSOR. An amyloid fibrillar form of these peptides is the major component of amyloid plaques found in individuals with Alzheimer's disease and in aged individuals with trisomy 21 (DOWN SYNDROME). The peptide is found predominantly in the nervous system, but there have been reports of its presence in non-neural tissue.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Binge Drinking: Drinking an excessive amount of ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES in a short period of time.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Tic Disorders: Disorders characterized by recurrent TICS that may interfere with speech and other activities. Tics are sudden, rapid, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations which may be exacerbated by stress and are generally attenuated during absorbing activities. Tic disorders are distinguished from conditions which feature other types of abnormal movements that may accompany another another condition. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Nerve Tissue ProteinsMolecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Alcohol-Induced Disorders: Disorders stemming from the misuse and abuse of alcohol.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Borderline Personality Disorder: A personality disorder marked by a pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (DSM-IV)Propanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of PROPANOL (C3H7OH).Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Autoantibodies: Antibodies that react with self-antigens (AUTOANTIGENS) of the organism that produced them.Somatoform Disorders: Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a another medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-V)Mice, Transgenic: Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Beer: An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Sleep Disorders: Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Multiple Myeloma: A malignancy of mature PLASMA CELLS engaging in monoclonal immunoglobulin production. It is characterized by hyperglobulinemia, excess Bence-Jones proteins (free monoclonal IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAINS) in the urine, skeletal destruction, bone pain, and fractures. Other features include ANEMIA; HYPERCALCEMIA; and RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.Amino Alcohols: Compounds possessing both a hydroxyl (-OH) and an amino group (-NH2).Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Impulse Control Disorders: Disorders whose essential features are the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the individual or to others. Individuals experience an increased sense of tension prior to the act and pleasure, gratification or release of tension at the time of committing the act.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Antisocial Personality Disorder: A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Combat Disorders: Neurotic reactions to unusual, severe, or overwhelming military stress.Lymphoproliferative Disorders: Disorders characterized by proliferation of lymphoid tissue, general or unspecified.Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry): The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.Mice, Inbred C57BLGene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Alcohol-Induced Disorders, Nervous System: Acute and chronic neurologic disorders associated with the various neurologic effects of ETHANOL. Primary sites of injury include the brain and peripheral nerves.1-Propanol: A colorless liquid made by oxidation of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Movement Disorders: Syndromes which feature DYSKINESIAS as a cardinal manifestation of the disease process. Included in this category are degenerative, hereditary, post-infectious, medication-induced, post-inflammatory, and post-traumatic conditions.tert-Butyl AlcoholMembrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.Speech Disorders: Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Acetaldehyde: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Marijuana Abuse: The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.Dysthymic Disorder: Chronically depressed mood that occurs for most of the day more days than not for at least 2 years. The required minimum duration in children to make this diagnosis is 1 year. During periods of depressed mood, at least 2 of the following additional symptoms are present: poor appetite or overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy or fatigue, low self esteem, poor concentration or difficulty making decisions, and feelings of hopelessness. (DSM-IV)Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Binge-Eating Disorder: A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Myeloproliferative Disorders: Conditions which cause proliferation of hemopoietically active tissue or of tissue which has embryonic hemopoietic potential. They all involve dysregulation of multipotent MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS, most often caused by a mutation in the JAK2 PROTEIN TYROSINE KINASE.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Dissociative Disorders: Sudden temporary alterations in the normally integrative functions of consciousness.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Temporomandibular Joint Disorders: A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Behavior, Addictive: The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Wine: Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Liver Diseases, Alcoholic: Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.Conversion Disorder: A disorder whose predominant feature is a loss or alteration in physical functioning that suggests a physical disorder but that is actually a direct expression of a psychological conflict or need.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts research focused on improving the treatment and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems to reduce the health, social, and economic consequences of this disease. NIAAA, NIMH, and NIDA were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.Butanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of butanol (C4H9OH).Aldehyde Dehydrogenase: An enzyme that oxidizes an aldehyde in the presence of NAD+ and water to an acid and NADH. This enzyme was formerly classified as EC 1.1.1.70.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Tobacco Use Disorder: Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.Phenylethyl Alcohol: An antimicrobial, antiseptic, and disinfectant that is used also as an aromatic essence and preservative in pharmaceutics and perfumery.Schizotypal Personality Disorder: A personality disorder in which there are oddities of thought (magical thinking, paranoid ideation, suspiciousness), perception (illusions, depersonalization), speech (digressive, vague, overelaborate), and behavior (inappropriate affect in social interactions, frequently social isolation) that are not severe enough to characterize schizophrenia.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Affect: The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.Neurotic Disorders: Disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the individual and recognized by him or her as being unacceptable. Social relationships may be greatly affected but usually remain within acceptable limits. The disturbance is relatively enduring or recurrent without treatment.Pentanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of pentanol (C5H11OH).Nervous System Diseases: Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.2-Propanol: An isomer of 1-PROPANOL. It is a colorless liquid having disinfectant properties. It is used in the manufacture of acetone and its derivatives and as a solvent. Topically, it is used as an antiseptic.Hexanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of hexanol (C6H11OH).Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures: A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)RussiaPeer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Antimanic Agents: Agents that are used to treat bipolar disorders or mania associated with other affective disorders.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Naltrexone: Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Psychotherapy, Brief: Any form of psychotherapy designed to produce therapeutic change within a minimal amount of time, generally not more than 20 sessions.Affective Disorders, Psychotic: Disorders in which the essential feature is a severe disturbance in mood (depression, anxiety, elation, and excitement) accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, gross impairment in reality testing, etc.Personality Inventory: Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Sugar Alcohols: Polyhydric alcohols having no more than one hydroxy group attached to each carbon atom. They are formed by the reduction of the carbonyl group of a sugar to a hydroxyl group.(From Dorland, 28th ed)Street Drugs: Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.

Do alcohol and cocaine abuse alter the course of HIV-associated dementia complex? (1/893)

Although psychoactive drugs are commonly used by AIDS patients, it is unclear whether commonly abused drugs, such as cocaine and ethanol, affect the course of HIV-associated dementia (HADC). Epidemiological studies have resulted in conflicting conclusions as to what role, if any, abused drugs play in HADC. In this review we discuss the clinical and pathological evidence that cocaine and ethanol might exacerbate the detrimental effects of HIV infection on the brain. We also review studies of cocaine and ethanol effects on various components of the immune system both in the presence and absence of retroviral infection. Data from these studies indicate that cocaine and ethanol have profound effects on the immune system that, in many respects, are enhanced by retroviral infection. We conclude that abused drugs likely affect the course of HADC but that proof awaits an examination of their interactive effects in an appropriate in vivo system of retroviral encephalitis.  (+info)

Regional cerebral glucose metabolism and blood flow in a patient with Marchiafava-Bignami disease. (2/893)

We report functional neuroimaging studies of a 54-year-old man with Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD). Glucose metabolic images obtained by [18F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography showed diffusely reduced whole brain metabolism and strongly decreased metabolism in the frontal and parietal lobes, orbital gyrus, and thalamus. Cerebral perfusion images showed a similarly decreased radioactivity pattern as the metabolic images. Functional neuroimages would be useful for understanding the pathophysiologic processes of MBD.  (+info)

Identifying alcohol-related harm in young drinkers: the role of accident and emergency departments. (3/893)

Data are presented from a screening study of ambulant attendees at two London Accident and Emergency (A&E) departments. Among young people (aged 16-24 years), 37.2% were drinking harmfully [an Alcohol-Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score of 8 or more]; 17.3% admitted to drinking alcohol in the 6 h prior to attendance; and 14.6% considered that their attendance was alcohol related. Young women were as likely as men to score 8 or over. This age group had nearly twice the odds of scoring highly on the AUDIT, compared to those over 25 years old, and were more likely to report that their attendance was alcohol related. Screening in A&E departments would identify considerable numbers of young people who might benefit from brief intervention, but the problems of doing so are acknowledged.  (+info)

Alcoholism in the elderly. (4/893)

Alcohol abuse and alcoholism are common but underrecognized problems among older adults. One third of older alcoholic persons develop a problem with alcohol in later life, while the other two thirds grow older with the medical and psychosocial sequelae of early-onset alcoholism. The common definitions of alcohol abuse and dependence may not apply as readily to older persons who have retired or have few social contacts. Screening instruments can be used by family physicians to identify older patients who have problems related to alcohol. The effects of alcohol may be increased in elderly patients because of pharmacologic changes associated with aging. Interactions between alcohol and drugs, prescription and over-the-counter, may also be more serious in elderly persons. Physiologic changes related to aging can alter the presentation of medical complications of alcoholism. Management of alcohol withdrawal in elderly persons should be closely supervised by a health care professional. Alcohol treatment programs with an elder-specific focus may improve outcomes in some patients.  (+info)

Substance abuse and the kidney. (5/893)

Substance abuse has been increasing steadily in the UK and some other countries. Recent evidence suggests more than 40% of young people have tried illicit drugs at some time. There are numerous medical consequences to recreational drug use, and a physician should always consider substance abuse in any unexplained illness. The renal complications of drug abuse are also becoming more frequent, and may encompass a spectrum of glomerular, interstitial and vascular diseases. Although some substances are directly nephrotoxic, a number of other mechanisms are also involved. These effects are often chronic and irreversible, but occasionally acute with possible recovery. The rapid growth of illicit drug use is clearly a major public health problem. We review the commonly used substances of abuse and their associations with renal disease.  (+info)

Early changes in left ventricular function in chronic asymptomatic alcoholics: relation to the duration of heavy drinking. (6/893)

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess preclinical cardiac abnormalities in chronic alcoholic patients and possible differences among alcoholics related to the duration of heavy drinking. BACKGROUND: Chronic excessive alcohol intake has been reported as a possible cause of dilated cardiomyopathy. However, before the appearance of severe cardiac dysfunction, subtle signs of cardiac abnormalities may be identified. METHODS: We studied 30 healthy subjects (age 44 +/- 8 years) and 89 asymptomatic alcoholics (age 45 +/- 8 years, p = NS) divided into three groups, with short (S, 5-9 years, n = 31), intermediate (I, 10-15 years, n = 31) and long (L, 16-28 years, n = 27) duration of alcoholism. Transmitral early (E) and late (A) Doppler flow velocities, E/A ratio, deceleration time of E (DT) and isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) were obtained. Left ventricular (LV) wall thickness and volumes were also determined by echocardiography, and LV mass and ejection fraction (EF) were calculated. RESULTS: The alcoholics had prolonged IVRT (92 +/- 11 vs. 83 +/- 7 ms, p < 0.001), longer DT (180 +/- 20 vs. 170 +/- 10 ms, p < 0.01), smaller E/A (1.25 +/- 0.34 vs. 1.40 +/- 0.32, p < 0.05), larger LV volumes (73 +/- 8 vs. 65 +/- 7 ml/m2, p < 0.001 for end-diastolic volume index; 25 +/- 4 vs. 21 +/- 2 ml/m2, p < 0.001 for end-systolic volume index), higher LV mass index (92 +/- 14 vs. 78 +/- 8 g/m2, p < 0.001) and thicker posterior wall (9 +/- 1 vs. 8 +/- 1 mm, p < 0.001). Ejection fraction did not differ between the two groups (66 +/- 4 vs. 67 +/- 2%). Deceleration time of the early transmitral flow velocity was longer in groups L (187 +/- 18 ms) and I (185 +/- 16 ms) compared with group S (168 +/- 17 ms, p < 0.001 for L and I vs. S), whereas A was higher in group L compared with S (43 +/- 10 vs. 51 +/- 10 cm/s, p < 0.005). Multiple regression analysis identified duration of heavy drinking as the most important variable affecting DT and A. CONCLUSIONS: Left ventricular dilation with preserved EF and impaired LV relaxation characterized LV function in chronic asymptomatic alcoholic patients. It appeared that the progression of abnormalities in LV diastolic filling related to the duration of alcoholism.  (+info)

The burden of alcohol misuse on an inner-city general hospital. (7/893)

Alcohol consumption in the UK has been increasing steadily. We prospectively studied the burden on hospital services caused by overt alcohol misuse, in an inner-city hospital in north-west England. All Accident & Emergency (A&E) patients were assessed to determine whether their hospital attendance was alcohol-related, and whether this resulted in admission and/or generated new out-patient appointments. Over 2 months, 1915 patients attended A&E with alcohol-related problems, accounting for 12% of attendances; 50% were aged 18-39 years, and acute alcohol intoxication was the commonest presenting complaint. Overall, 6.2% of all hospital admissions were due to alcohol-related problems. Over 2800 new out-patient visits were likely to have been generated over an 18-month period from initial attendance with an alcohol-related problem, mostly for orthopaedic clinics. The burden placed by overt alcohol-related problems on hospitals is enormous, both in terms of the emergency and out-patient services. The implementation of education, screening and intervention strategies in A&E departments, and employment of key trained personnel, should be considered, to optimize the clinical management of these patients.  (+info)

Do drinking surveys predict changes in population-based alcohol problem indicators? (8/893)

We examined per capita alcohol consumption and survey-based measures of alcohol use in Ontario in relation to indicators of alcohol problems for the period 1977-1997. Per capita consumption and percentage of daily drinkers were significantly related to problem indicators, but percentage of drinkers and percentage of heavy drinkers were not. Of the measures we examined, per capita consumption was the strongest indicator of alcohol problems.  (+info)

*Alcohol and pregnancy

Alcohol use not only can result in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), but it can result in one or many other disorders and ... Not all infants exposed to alcohol in utero will have defects related to the alcohol consumption. Alcohol use during pregnancy ... Medicine portal Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Smoking and pregnancy Long-term effects of alcohol consumption "Guidelines for ... Alcohol in pregnancy is the use of alcohol (also known formally as ethanol) during gestation. This also includes the time ...

*DSM-5

"Sleep disorders related to another mental disorder, and sleep disorders related to a general medical condition" were deleted. ... bereavement disorder Caffeine use disorder Internet gaming disorder Neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol ... rather than disorders of early onset). A new chapter on obsessive-compulsive and related disorders includes four new disorders ... excoriation (skin-picking) disorder, hoarding disorder, substance-/medication-induced obsessive-compulsive and related disorder ...

*Disease theory of alcoholism

Frequency and quantity of alcohol use are not related to the presence of the condition; that is, people can drink a great deal ... However, with recent advances in neuroscience, it is clear that dependence is as much a disorder of the brain as any other ... The craving that an alcoholic feels for alcohol can be as strong as the need for food or water. An alcoholic will continue to ... Harm_reduction#Alcohol Tina Rosenberg (April 26, 2016). "The shelter that gives wine to alcoholics Giving free booze to ...

*Alcohol dehydrogenase

Sher KJ, Grekin ER, Williams NA (2005). "The development of alcohol use disorders". Annual Review of Clinical Psychology. 1: ... Differences in the sequences of ADH in different species have been used to create phylogenies showing how closely related ... Alcohol dehydrogenase is also involved in the toxicity of other types of alcohol: For instance, it oxidizes methanol to produce ... For example, young women are unable to process alcohol at the same rate as young men because they do not express the alcohol ...

*Jane Aronson

Alcohol-Related Disorders and Children Adopted from Abroad. Richard P. Barth, Madelyn Freundlich, and David Brodzinsky. ... Alcohol-Related Birth Defects and International Adoption. International Adoption: Challenges and Opportunities. Parent Network ... Issues related to Human Immunodeficiency Virus transmission in schools, child care, medical setting, the home, and community. ... Adoption & Prenatal Alcohol Drug Exposure: Research, Policy, and Practice. Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute and Child ...

*Colonia (United States)

Investigators hypothesize that these symptoms are directly related to alcohol use disorders. Their results showed that ... Mier, N., Ory, M. G., Zhan, D., Conkling, M., Sharkey, J. R., & Burdine, J. N. (2008). Health-related quality of life among ... For Mexican Americans born in the United States, 27% of women and 20% of men met the criteria for anxiety disorders. Mexican ... The research provides statistical data and analysis as well as a discussion about the importance of a health-related quality of ...

*Healthcare in Germany

... followed by alcohol-related disorders and hernias. For women, the top diagnoses related to pregnancies, breast cancer, and ... Health-related margins are the fitness and spa facilities, assisted living, and health tourism. According to this basic idea an ... Germany introduced Diagnosis-Related Group activity-based payment for hospitals (with a soft cap budget limit) (Busse & Blümel ... contribution based on their salary if they are enrolled in the public subsystem whereas private insurers charge risk-related ...

*Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006

Part 1 of the Act deals with alcohol-related violence and disorder. (ss. 1 to 27) Part 2 deals with weapons. (ss. 28 to 51) ... Part 3 deals with a miscellany: football disorder, sexual offences, anti-social behaviour, parenting orders, mobile phone ...

*Pediatric neuropsychology

Acquired Neuropsychological Disorders Prenatal Substance Exposure (e.g., Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Alcohol Related ... In addition to assessing and treating children with medical disorders such as traumatic brain injury, brain tumors or epilepsy ... The neuropsychological evaluation is used to determine the pattern of brain-related strengths and weaknesses to understand the ... Gouvier, W. M. D., Baumeister, A., & Ijaola, K., (2009). Neuropsychological disorders of children. In J. L. Matson, F. Andrasik ...

*Binge drinking

... alcohol-related birth defects as well as alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders. The affected children after birth can ... According to the NIAAA definition of "heavy drinkers", men may be at risk for alcohol-related problems if their alcohol ... see this related article). For the purpose of identifying an alcohol use disorder when assessing binge drinking, using a time ... are thought to cause a profound increase in the risk of developing an alcohol-related disorder (ICD-10, harmful use/dependence ...

*Giovanni Gasbarrini

... alcohol-related disorders and genetic syndromes of the gastrointestinal tract, to name a few. Giovanni Gasbarrini contribution ... He is a pioneer of pathophysiological research in a variety of gastric, intestinal and liver disorders at an international ...

*Designated Public Places Order

DPPOs are implemented by local councils in order to address alcohol-related crime and disorder in public places. As of June ... gave councils the power to do so where they were satisfied that areas were suffering from alcohol-related crime and disorder. A ... A number of local authorities have used DPPOs to successfully reduce alcohol-related anti-social behaviour (ASB), but have ... drinking and confiscate alcohol or containers of alcohol from people they believe are consuming or about to consume alcohol in ...

*Policing and Crime Act 2009

... e all face a cost from alcohol-related disorder and I have a duty to crack down on irresponsible promotions that can fuel ... It amends the law on aviation security, alcohol misuse, proceeds of crime, extradition and gang related violence. The ... It was also announced there would be a ban on cheap alcohol promotions. Jacqui Smith told BBC News that she did not want to ... There are a number of changes regarding the way that the police deal with alcohol misuse. The Act amends the power that the ...

*National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

The laboratories and researchers housed within NIAAA seek to unravel the biological basis of alcohol use disorders and related ... and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems. The NIAAA functions both as a funding agency that supports research ... The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), as part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, supports and ... by external research institutions and as a research institution itself, where alcohol research is carried out in‐house. It ...

*Occupational rehabilitation

These CMDs may include anxiety disorders, alcohol dependence, addiction-related disorders, suicidal ideation, and depression A ... Many workers have an increased risk of developing common mental disorders (CMDs) in the workplace due to job stressors such as ... and employers to encourage a supportive work environment that empowers the worker to reach productivity and other work related ... evaluation of a problem solving intervention to prevent recurrent sickness absence in workers with common mental disorders". ...

*Paranoid personality disorder

... obsessive-compulsive disorder or alcohol and substance-related disorders. Criteria for other personality disorder diagnoses are ... schizoid personality disorder schizotypal personality disorder narcissistic personality disorder avoidant personality disorder ... Psychology portal DSM-IV codes (personality disorders) ICD-10 codes (personality disorders) Delusional disorder Delusions of ... Paranoid personality disorder - International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision ...

*Sterling Clarren

... alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, static encephalopathy:alcohol exposed and penatal alcohol exposed. He was the ... "Fetal alcohol syndrome & fetal alcohol spectrum disorders." In: M.L. Wolrich. (ed.). Disorders of Development & Learning. ... "Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in the context of alcohol exposure in utero". In: P. Accardo, T.A. Blondis, B. Whitman ... Sterling K. Clarren is one of the world's leading researchers into Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), an umbrella term ...

*Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test

"Screening for alcohol use and alcohol related problems". NIAAA Publications. Retrieved 23 September 2015. Bush, K; Kivlahan, DR ... The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is a ten-question test developed by a World Health Organization-sponsored ... Ambulatory Care Quality Improvement Project (ACQUIP). Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test". Archives of Internal Medicine ... Alcoholism Substance abuse CAGE Questionnaire CRAFFT Screening Test Paddington Alcohol Test Severity of Alcohol Dependence ...

*Nancy M. Petry

"National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC-III) , National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and ... "Disordered Gambling Among Racial and Ethnic Groups in the US: Results From the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and ... Petry has been involved analyzing data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a large-scale ... "Gambling Level and Psychiatric and Medical Disorders in Older Adults: Results From the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol ...

*Nature Cure hospital, Hyderabad

Alcohol Addiction 8. Gynecology related problems including Menstrual Disorders. Also Hormonal Imbalance related Infertility. ... 1. Obesity 2. Disorders related to Spine - Arthritis, Osteo Arthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis 3. Gastroenteritis Related Diseases ... Pulmonary Disorders - Bronchitis, Bronchial Asthma, Sinusitis 11. Migraine Headaches - 12. Muscular Disorders - Fibromyalgia, ... This 184-bed hospital provides a holistic and natural way of healing to various kinds of disorders and diseases.[citation ...

*Schizoaffective disorder

Alcohol-Related Psychosis at eMedicine Leweke FM, Koethe D (June 2008). "Cannabis and psychiatric disorders: it is not only ... About half of those with schizoaffective disorder use drugs or alcohol excessively. There is evidence that alcohol abuse via a ... Schizoaffective disorder is defined by mood disorder-free psychosis in the context of a long-term psychotic and mood disorder. ... Most patients diagnosed with DSM-IV schizoaffective disorder are later diagnosed with a different disorder, and that disorder ...

*Massachusetts Council on Compulsive Gambling

... and co-morbidity of DSM-IV antisocial personality syndromes and alcohol and specific drug use disorders in the United States: ... Results from the e National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2005; 66: ... Opioid use disorder (e.g., Oxycontin, morphine): 1.4% Cocaine use disorder: 2.8% Amphetamine use disorder (e.g., ... methamphetamine): 2% Antisocial personality disorder: 3.6% Obsessive-compulsive disorder: 1.6% Schizophrenic disorders: 0.6% ...

*Alcohol (drug)

Yuan Liu; Walter A. Hunt (6 December 2012). The "Drunken" Synapse: Studies of Alcohol-Related Disorders. Springer Science & ... Alcohol use is directly related to considerable morbidity and mortality, for instance due to overdose and alcohol-related ... The leading chronic alcohol-related condition associated with death is alcoholic liver disease. Alcohol dependence is also ... Ethanol is also known chemically as alcohol, ethyl alcohol, or drinking alcohol. It is a simple alcohol with a molecular ...

*Addiction psychology

... to psychologists whom demonstrated proficiency in the psychological treatment of alcohol and other substance-related disorders ... alcohol, and smoking. Process addictions relate to non-substance related behaviors such as gambling, spending, sexual activity ... Individualized drug counseling not only focuses on reducing or stopping illicit drug or alcohol use; it also addresses related ... Addictive behaviors include problematic use of alcohol, nicotine, and other drugs as well as disorders involving gambling, ...

*Psychiatric history

The patient may have more than one problem and these may be related, such as posttraumatic stress disorder and alcohol abuse or ... Many psychiatric disorders have a genetic component and the biological family history is thus relevant. Clinical experience ... Thus a patient who presents with clinical depression whose mother also suffered from the same disorder and responded well to ... Apart from the genetic factors, research has shown that illnesses in the parents such as depression and alcohol abuse are ...

*Veterans benefits for post-traumatic stress disorder in the United States

... psychiatric disability compensation and rehabilitation policies for combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), ... was a result of his or her abuse of alcohol or drugs." Matthew J. Friedman of the National Center for PTSD notes that: PTSD is ... "Mental Disorders (Other Than PTSD and Eating Disorders) Disability Benefits Questionnaire (VA Form 21-0960P-3, Oct 2012)" (PDF ... Note: The General Rating Formula for Mental Disorders appears immediately under 9440 Chronic adjustment disorder on the third ...

*Stress in the aviation industry

A (2004). "Alcohol and Stress in the Military". Military Trauma and Stress Related Disorders. Mahon, Martin. J. (2005). " ... Professional pilots can experience stress in flight, on the ground during work-related activities, and during personal time ... Millions of veterans struggle with post-traumatic stress injuries, unhealthy coping strategies such as alcohol or substance ...
Alcohol use disorder Alcohol use disorder dsm 5 Alcohol use disorder icd 10 Alcohol use disorders identification test Alcohol use disorder dsm 5 code Alcohol use disorder definition Alcohol use disorder treatment Alcohol use disorder dsm 5 criteria Alcoho ➥ Alcohol use disorder Alcohol use disorder dsm 5 Alcohol use disorder icd 10 Alcohol use disorders identification test Alcohol use disorder dsm 5 code Alcohol use disorder definition Alcohol use disorder treatment Alcohol use disorder dsm 5 criteria Alcohol use disorder moderate Alcohol use disorder in remission Alcohol use disorder identification test Alcohol use disorder symptoms Alcohol use disorder statistics Alcohol use disorder axis Alcohol use disorder assessment Alcohol use disorder and depression Alcohol use disorder and alcoholism Alcohol use disorder australia Alcohol use disorder and associated disabilities Alcohol use disorder audit Alcohol use disorder ati Alcohol-use disorder as the dsm-5 Alcohol use disorder and alcohol dependence
SHIP.md - Number of hospital discharges due to alcohol-related disorders. According to SAMHSAs National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), more than half of all adults drink alcohol, with 6.6% meeting criteria for an alcohol use disorder. Among Americans aged 12 or older, the use of illicit drugs has increased over the last decade from 8.3% of the population using illicit drugs in the past month in 2002 to 9.4% (24.6 million people) in 2013. Of those, 8.2 million people met criteria for a substance use disorder in the past year. The misuse of prescription drugs is second only to marijuana as the nations most common drug problem after alcohol and tobacco, leading to troubling increases in opioid overdoses in the past decade. SHIP.md, Maryland
This gets used when a clinician thinks that Alcohol may be the cause of or may have contributed to your problem but you do not have symptoms that match any of the other diagnoses close enough to get that other label. Yes, I know that these labels can be somewhat subjective. Despite the best efforts to create very precise categories for issues, there are some problems that just do not fit the existing categories. Still, Professionals need some sort of label for what they are treating and not every client fits these labels exactly.. Those are the five Alcohol-Related disorders. More on this and related topics coming up in the "What is" series of counselorssoapbox.com blog posts.. FYI. These "What is" sometimes "What are" posts are my efforts to explain terms commonly used in Mental Health, Clinical Counseling, Substance Use Disorder Counseling, Psychology, Life Coaching and related disciplines in a plain language way. Many are based on the new DSM-5; some of the older posts were based on the ...
A recently published Yale-affiliated study may change the way doctors treat alcohol-use disorders in patients who smoke cigarettes.. Smokers recovering from alcohol dependence often continue smoking in an effort to alleviate the discomfort of withdrawal, according to the study. But the researchers determined that this cigarette use has an adverse impact on patients likelihood of staying sober in the long-run. Patients in treatment for alcohol-use disorders who smoke cigarettes are far less likely to relapse if they are concurrently treated for cigarette smoking habits, the study indicated.. "What we found is that adults with a past alcohol-use disorder who were smokers were more likely to meet criteria for alcohol-use disorders three years later, compared to adults with a past alcohol-use disorder who were not smoking," first author and Yale School of. Medicine psychiatry professor Andrea Weinberger said.. Past research on the subject has generally focused on how alcohol use affects patients ...
This study was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and determine the optimum cut-off scores for clinical use of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D) and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) against a reference psychiatric diagnostic interview, in TB and anti-retroviral therapy (ART) patients in primary care in Zambia. Methods. This was a cross-sectional study in 16 primary level care clinics. Consecutive sampling was used to select 649 participants who started TB treatment or ART in the preceding month. Participants were first interviewed using the CES-D and AUDIT, and subsequently with a psychiatric diagnostic interview for current major depressive disorder (MDD) and alcohol use disorders (AUDs) using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). The diagnostic accuracy was calculated using the Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve (AUROC). The optimum cut-off scores for clinical use were calculated using sensitivity ...
Evidence-based recommendations on diagnosing and managing physical complications caused by alcohol-use disorders in adults and young people
Evidence-based recommendations on diagnosing and managing physical complications caused by alcohol-use disorders in adults and young people
At follow-up the two intervention groups combined were not drinking significantly less than the untreated control group patients, though there was a non-significant trend in this direction among the 42% of patients who at the start of the trial had been assessed as at-risk drinkers or alcohol abusers rather than dependent or drinking relatively rarely but heavily when they did. Among this same set of patients - the typical targets for brief interventions - significantly fewer offered intervention (25% v. 41%) met the studys criterion for binge drinking at the end of the trial.. However, especially among abuse/at-risk drinkers, the intervention groups had been drinking more at the start of the trial. This meant that though they ended up drinking about the same, the reduction in average consumption was significantly greater among patients offered an intervention. When the sample was divided by severity level, this reduction remained significant only among the abuse/at-risk drinkers. After ...
Alcohol is the most widely used (and overused) substance (drug) in the United States. The majority of people who drink are able to drink in moderation. We might call these people occasional, light, or moderate drinkers. They have never met diagnostic criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence. However, about 7% of the people in the United States DO meet these diagnostic criteria (NIAAA, 2004; Miller, Forcehimes and Zweben, 2011).
Alcohol is the most widely used (and overused) substance (drug) in the United States. The majority of people who drink are able to drink in moderation. We might call these people occasional, light, or moderate drinkers. They have never met diagnostic criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence. However, about 7% of the people in the United States DO meet these diagnostic criteria (NIAAA, 2004; Miller, Forcehimes and Zweben, 2011).
M Alañón Pardo, M Moreno Perulero, E Vila Torres, A Martín Siguero, A Fernández Marchante, M Franco Sereno, I Benet Giménez, R Pérez Serrano, A Alañón Pardo, C Encinas Barrios ...
OBJECTIVES: Most individuals with alcohol use disorders receive no treatment for their disorder. Past research suggests that a major reason for this is that individuals with alcohol use disorders do not perceive a need for treatment. The research presented here had two objectives. First, to provide updated estimates of the percentage of individuals with alcohol use disorders who perceive a need for treatment, and among those, the percentage who receive any treatment for alcohol use disorders.
The university environment reinforces positive alcohol-related expectations and motivations for drinking among undergraduate students. High levels of hazardous consumption in this population lead to significant negative alcohol-related consequences, for individuals and those around them. This study sought to explore the contexts in which those who engage in hazardous drinking consume alcohol, their perceptions of safety and harm, and receptivity to health messages. Undergraduate university students (n = 69; aged 17 - 24 of both genders [57% female]) were purposively recruited into one of seven focus groups after screening with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to select for hazardous drinking (score, >8) or moderate drinking. A focus group interview schedule was developed, which was informed by theory and tested for validity by a panel of experts. Qualitative analysis of the data revealed four thematic clusters: positive expectations; inescapable culture; defining
An accurate alcohol history cannot be obtained by merely asking how many units an individual drinks, but should be systematically approached. This may be particularly pertinent within primary care, given that patients and staff often develop close and trusting relationships with whole families. Failure to adopt a systematic screening approach is unfortunate, as specific alcohol screening tools are available. In particular, the questionnaire, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), can reliably detect hazardous drinking in the primary care setting.(2) Perhaps more importantly, AUDIT has been shown to be patient-friendly and inoffensive when used to obtain a patients medical history (see Figure 1).(3). [[nip36_52_fig1 ...
건강행태 지표는 지역사회건강조사지에 포함되어 있는 변수에서 심뇌혈관 질환과 관련이 있다고 판단되는 변수들로 흡연, 음주, body mass index (BMI), 중증도 이상 신체활동, 수면시간 등 5가지 변수를 선택하였다. 흡연 문항은 비 흡연, 현재 흡연, 과거 흡연으로 구분하였고, 음주 문항에서 음주율은 알코올 의존정도척도(Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, AUDIT)를 이용하여 비 음주, 정상 음주, 문제 음주로 구분하였다. 알코올의존정도척도는 민감도와 특이성에서 적절한 것으로 평가되고 있으며 [8] , 많은 연구에서 활용되는 자기보고용 알코올 남용 및 의존 평가척도이다. BMI는 체질량지수(체중[kg]/신장2 [m2])에 따라 BMI가 18.5 미만일 경우 저체중, 18.5 이상에서 25 미만은 정상, 25 이상은 비만으로 구분하였다. 중증도 이상 신체활동은 최근 1주일 동안 중등도 ...
In the Vantaa Depression Study, psychiatric out- and inpatients with DSM-IV MDD and aged 20-59 years at were followed from baseline to 6 months, 18 months, and 5 years. We investigated course of depression, smoking, and comorbid alcohol-use disorders among the 214 patients (79.6% of 269) participating at least three time points; differences between smoking versus nonsmoking patients, and covariation of MDD, smoking, and alcohol-use disorders. ...
This is a carefully designed animal study, which looked in detail at the effects of alcohol on the brains of adolescent rhesus monkeys. The fact that it used adolescent primates rather than adult rats or mice makes the results more relevant to humans. It also used a control group for comparison of brain changes. The results suggest that chronic alcohol consumption may alter the process of brain development in adolescents.. The researchers suggest that this early damage may be permanent, and could increase an individuals vulnerability to alcohol-related disorders. Such early damage may also underlie deficits in spatial learning, short-term memory and higher-level cognitive function (executive function) seen in adult alcoholics.. However, only limited conclusions can be drawn from a study in just seven monkeys. Also, the monkeys drank a substantial amount of alcohol every day for 11 months, and the teenage human equivalent would presumably be heavy, chronic alcohol misuse, rather than episodic ...
Irish drugs and alcohol research, data, policy and sources of evidence on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, crime and consequences.
Irish drugs and alcohol research, data, policy and sources of evidence on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, crime and consequences.
Learn more about Symptoms of Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) at Reston Hospital Center Main Page Risk Factors Symptoms ...
Learn more about Symptoms of Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) at Grand Strand Medical Center Main Page Risk Factors Symptoms ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Strategies for Treatment of Young Adults with Alcohol Use Disorders (R01) PAS-10-246. NIAAA
Learn more about Alcohol Use Disorder at Memorial Health DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
Learn more about Alcohol Use Disorder at Reston Hospital Center DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
Care guide for Alcohol Use Disorder (Ambulatory Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
PeaceHealth endeavors to provide comprehensive health care information, however some topics in this database describe services and procedures not offered by our providers or within our facilities because they do not comply with, nor are they condoned by, the ethics policies of our organization.. ...
Alcohol-related deaths rising Men still drink more than women Units explained The number of people in the UK dying from alcohol-related problems is continuing to rise. Office for...
This indicator is available in the following set of views in the "By topic" section of the Global Health Observatory. These links will open a new browser tab or window onto the selected view. ...
Im safe from smoking related problems by my genetic makeup. People who delude themselves into thinking smoking poses a minimal risk because of thei
Old age can be lived the proper way if you have a positive mindset. Age related problems are mostly mind related and you have to overcome it to live a fruitful life, full of zeal and zest.
Do you want a drink so badly you cant think of anything else? Find out if you meet the latest criteria for an alcohol use disorder (AUD) diagnosis.
Hi, I need some assistance with the following questions: 1) You have two pieces of Al metal - one is a thin piece of Al foil, and the other is a thick block. Both have the same length and width. Which will absorb more heat when.
Benalla mitre 10 trading hours #### ANALYSIS OF BINARY OPTION SIGNALS EUR/AUD Trading spaces episode descriptions #### Forex Brokers‎ Dalfsen
Kaner E, et al. [15], DOnofrio G, et al. [22] Kaner and colleagues [15] undertook a pragmatic trial of three brief intervention strategies in primary care settings as part of the large multi-center Screening and Intervention Programme for Sensible drinking (SIPS) trial conducted in the UK. Over 3500 patients across 29 primary care practices participated in this cluster randomized trial. Practices were assigned to one of three interventions of increasing levels of intensity: simple feedback plus a patient information leaflet (provided for all interventions); a five-minute structured brief intervention delivered by practice staff; or a brief intervention followed by a 20-minute motivational interviewing session delivered at a follow-up visit by an alcohol counselor. The primary outcome was drinking status as measured by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT).. Hazardous and harmful drinking decreased in all treatment conditions at six and 12 months, but the odds of having a ...
Background: Topiramate (Topamax) decreases cravings for alcohol by reducing corticomesolimbic dopamine release. A preliminary trial showed that topiramate improved drinking patterns in patients with alcohol dependence. Johnson and colleagues conducted a more definitive randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study designed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of topiramate in the treatment of alcoholism.. The Study: The study included patients 18 to 65 years of age with alcohol dependence. Male participants drank at least 35 drinks per week, and female participants drank more than 28 drinks per week. Participants also had negative urine toxicology findings, with limited exceptions, and a score of 8 or more on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Exclusion criteria were extensive and mostly related to severe alcoholism, other psychiatric or health conditions (e.g., Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., axis I disorders), substance abuse over the ...
Health, ...Several medications can help people with alcohol use disorders maintai...The work published today in the Journal of the American Medical As...Although alcohol use disorders are associated with many health problem... There are many studies that have tried to show whether certain medica...,Medications,can,help,adults,with,alcohol,use,disorders,reduce,drinking,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
The proportion of Aboriginal mothers in Western Australia with an alcohol diagnosis (23.1%) is ten times greater than for non-Aboriginal mothers (2.3%). There has been a six-fold increase in the percentage of non-Aboriginal births with a maternal alcohol diagnosis recorded during pregnancy and a 100-fold increase for Aboriginal births. Around 70% of the mothers of children diagnosed with FAS did not have an alcohol diagnosis recorded during pregnancy and 18% of the mothers had no record of an alcohol diagnosis. ...
Alcohol use disorders in elderly people are a common but underrecognised problem. They are frequently associated with particular precipitants such as loss, social isolation and medical and psychiatric comorbidity. There is some evidence to suggest that elderly people benefit as much from treatment as do younger patients. However, owing to the difficulty of identifying and treating alcohol use disorders in elderly people, services need to develop an outreach approach. This should include the provision of well-placed information explaining the problem and the type of help available (Goodman & Ward, 1995).. Training and awareness among health practitioners is important to change attitudes and identify alcohol misuse in elderly people. Good liaison between services is essential for promoting continuity of care (Derry, 2000). This is particularly important in the case of specialist substance misuse and psychogeriatric services. In view of the complexity of the health and social issues involved, ...
Results Four trials (n=618) were included, comparing a brief motivational interview with usual care (2 trials), personalised feedback or an educational brochure. In two studies, motivational interview was significantly associated with a reduction in alcohol-use while two studies showed no effect attributable to the intervention. Successful interventions were either delivered at a distance from the event or included booster sessions. Motivational interview favoured a reduction in alcohol-related problems in all but one study. Benefits were sustained over 12 months.. ...
The answers to the AUDIT questions are described in Figure 1. Approximately one in three individuals abstained from alcohol and, of those who drank, 70.3% drank more than two doses. In addition, excessive sporadic drinking (binge drinking24*) was observed in 32.3%, i.e. ingestion of five doses or more at one time, at least once a month. Results showed that 6.8% of those interviewed had already caused problems to themselves or to others after drinking, and 10.3% reported that a relative, friend or doctor had shown concern regarding their drinking habits.. The prevalence of alcohol use disorders in the population was 18.4% (95%CI 16.6% - 20.3%), being three times greater in men (29.9%, 95%CI 26.7% - 33.2%) than in women (9.3%, 95%CI 7.4% - 11.1%). A higher prevalence of alcohol use disorders was also observed among younger, light-skinned black, single, better schooled, richer, employed, smokers, uncovered by the FHP and who had not seen a doctor in the previous two weeks (Table 1).. Table 2 shows ...
Adolescence is considered to be the most important period for the prevention of substance use and misuse (SUM). The aim of this study was to investigate the problem of SUM and to establish potentially important factors associated with SUM in Kosovar adolescents. Multi-stage simple random sampling was used to select participants. At the end of their high school education, 980 adolescents (623 females) ages 17 to 19 years old were enrolled in the study. The prevalence of smoking, alcohol consumption (measured by Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test-AUDIT), and illegal drug use (dependent variables), as well as socio-demographic, scholastic, familial, and sports-related factors (independent variables), were assessed. Boys smoke cigarettes more often than girls with daily-smoking prevalence of 16% among boys and 9% among girls (OR = 1.85, 95% = CI 1.25-2.75). The prevalence of harmful drinking (i.e., AUDIT scores of >10) is found to be alarming (41% and 37% for boys and girls, respectively; OR = 1.13
World Health Assembly, 36. (‎1983)‎. Alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems: development of national policies and programmes. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/160567 ...
RNA in cells is always associated with RNA-binding proteins that regulate all aspects of RNA metabolism including RNA splicing, export from the nucleus, RNA localization, mRNA turn-over as well as translation. Given their diverse functions, cells express a variety of RNA-binding proteins, which play important roles in the pathologies of a number of diseases. In this review we focus on the effect of alcohol on different RNA-binding proteins and their possible contribution to alcohol-related disorders, and discuss the role of these proteins in the development of neurological diseases and cancer. We further discuss the conventional methods and newer techniques that are employed to identify RNA-binding proteins.
There was a 39 percent increase from 1997 to 2007 in U.S. patients leaving hospitals against doctors advice, officials of a U.S. agency said.. The report by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, part of the U.S. Departments of Health and Human Services, said the number of cases rose from 264,000 in 1997 to 368,000 in 2007.. The top five reasons for the hospitalization were: 25,600 had chest pain with no determined cause; 25,300 had alcohol-related disorders; 21,000 had substance-related disorders; 13,000 had depression or other mood disorders; and 12,500 had diabetes with complications.. The report said:. -- 27 percent of the patients who left against medical advice were on Medicaid or Medicare.. -- Men were roughly 1.5 times more likely than women to leave.. -- Patients from the U.S. Northeast left hospitals at a rate of 2 per 1,000. The rate for the rest of the country was 1 per 1,000.. ...
Guidelines for the newly created alcohol use disorder accurately identify the vast majority people with severe alcohol-related mental health issues.
Objectives: We investigated longitudinal associations between occupation and alcohol use disorders (AUDs) across early- to mid-adult life. Methods: Longitudinal trajectories of work substantive complexity were constructed by growth mixture modeling of occupational data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and O*NET work variables. The association between work trajectories and AUDs w
The latest statistics, released in August by the government, show that alcohol problems are on the rise. An estimated 17.6 million American adults -- 8.5 percent of the population -- now fit the diagnostic criteria for having an alcohol-use disorder. Alcohol abuse is often defined as recurrent drinking that disrupts work, school or home life or occurs in hazardous situations; alcohol dependence, also known as alcoholism, is defined as impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with drinking, withdrawal symptoms or high tolerance to alcohol.. ...
Study shows that alcohol consumption, in particular heavy drinking and alcohol-use disorders, is an important risk factor for the incidence of pneumonia
704,803 (2.7%) patients identified with AUDs had a threefold higher risk of death (HR = 2.98; 95% CI: 2.96-3.00) and died on average 12.2 years younger (men: 10.4, 95% CI: 10.3-10.5; women: 13.7, 95% CI: 13.6-13.9). AUDs were associated with significantly higher risks of hospital admission for all alcohol-attributable disease categories: digestive diseases, cancers (exception: breast cancer), cardiovascular diseases, dementia, infectious diseases, and injuries. Elevated risks were highest for liver diseases that were associated with about two-third of deaths in patients with AUDs (men: 64.3%; women: 71.1%).. CONCLUSIONS ...
A new report from the UK finds that when it comes to treating alcohol-related ailments, middle-aged patients cost Englands National Health Service significantly more than younger adults.. And while it makes sense that booze would take more of a toll on older adults than the younger set - after all, theyve got quite a few more years of drinking under their proverbial belts - the magnitude of the cost difference is whats startling: Alcohol-related hospital admissions for 55- to 74-year olds cost 10 times that of 16- to 24-year-olds. The number of older patients admitted for alcohol-related problems was about eight times higher than the number of younger patients admitted.. The report, from the UKs national agency on alcohol misuse, found that overall alcohol-related hospital admissions cost England nearly £2 billion in 2010-2011.. Agency chief Eric Appleby said its a "common perception" in England that young people are responsible for rising alcohol treatment costs, but "our findings show ...
Investigating dual process theories of learning using electrodermal conditioning in humans. Using mindfulness to extinguish conditioned fear. Application of tDCS to the control of perceptual learning and its relation to face recognition. Using tDCS in conjunction with inhibition training to address gambling and alcohol disorders. Computational modelling of the interaction between cognitive contyrol and associative learning ...
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... ...
OFFICIAL health statistics found that there were 35,926 alcohol-related discharges in Scotland during 2012/13 compared with 38,776 in 2011/12.
LONDON (Reuters Life!) - The number of Britons dying of alcohol-related causes has fallen but there are still more than twice as many such deaths than in 199
27 yrs old Male asked about Penis related problem, 1 doctor answered this and 205 people found it useful. Get your query answered 24*7 only on | Practo Consult
CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: Approximation algorithms for the minimumlength corridor and related problems
An introduction to the general linguistic study of aspect. Topics covered include the relation of tense and aspect, the morphology and the semantics of aspect, and structuralist and philosop. Publication.
mLnmol aud forex trend Combination Therapy - aud forex trend, forex commodity pool operator, macd and trend line forex chart, john grace forex, 5mt forex forum
NEW LAWS aimed at curbing binge drinking and tackling alcohol-related public disorder are due to come into force by this summer…
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Hoff, Audrey I_AUD/0000 -- Discover Life
Using ozforex reviews #### AUD USD FOREX CRUNCH CALENDAR Supply and demand forex trading in a nutshell miniatures #### Andrey pavlov forex cargo
Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment ...
Unhealthy alcohol use threatens the health benefits seen with antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected (HIV+) patients. Although research has demonstrated the efficacy of brief interventions, motivational counseling, and medications to treat unhealthy alcohol use in HIV uninfected patients, there is limited research or use of these treatments in HIV+ patients. We have demonstrated that integrated treatment of addiction in HIV clinics is feasible. Stepped care algorithms can facilitate the evaluation of varying intensities of treatments for unhealthy alcohol use. The proposed study will compare onsite Integrated Stepped Care treatment (ISC) to treatment as usual (TAU) in three, linked, 6-month randomized clinical trials in 642 HIV+ patients with unhealthy alcohol use. Screened patients are randomized to ISC or TAU after determining that they meet criteria for either 1) at-risk drinking, 2) alcohol abuse or dependence or 3) moderate alcohol consumption in the presence of liver disease. ISC ...
Background. The number of patients with alcohol-related burns admitted to burn units has increased. It has been reported previously that alcohol-related burns are an indicator of alcohol dependence, but there are few studies addressing alcohol use several years after burn injury.. Objective. To investigate alcohol consumption 2-7 years after burn injury and to examine possible contributing factors.. Methods. Consecutive adult patients with burns (n = 67) were included during hospitalization, and an interview was performed at 2-7 (mean = 4.6) years after burn. Data assessed at baseline were injury characteristics, sociodemographic variables, coping, and psychiatric disorders. At follow-up, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test was used to identify at-risk drinking.. Results. Overall, 22% of the burns were alcohol-related; however, this was not associated with at-risk drinking at follow-up. Of the former patients with burns, 17 (25%) were identified as having an at-risk drinking pattern at ...
Aim: This study examined the levels of occupational stress and burnout among surgeons in Fiji. Methods: A document set comprising a cover letter; a consent form; a sociodemographic and supplementary information questionnaire; the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI); the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12); the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT); and the Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) questionnaires were provided to surgeons from three public divisional hospitals in Fiji. Thirty-six of 43 (83.7%) invited surgeons participated in the study.Results: According to their MBI scores, surgeons suffered from low (10, 27.8%), moderate (23, 63.9%), and high (3, 8.3%) levels of burnout. Comparatively, 23 (63.9%) demonstrated moderate burnout according to their ProQOL scores. Substantial psychiatric morbidity was observed in 16 (44.0%) surgeons per their GHQ-12 scores. Consumption of alcohol was noted in 29 (80.6%) surgeons and 12 (33.4%) had AUDIT scores characterizing their alcohol use
Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com. A recent study by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has found that adults who underwent common bariatric surgery to lose weight had a higher risk of developing alcohol use disorder (AUD) two years after having the surgery.. With 1,945 participants in the study, researchers looked at alcohol consumption and alcohol disorder systems from the Longitudinal Assessment of bariatric Surgery (LABS). LABS, a NIH-funded project, examined patients who had weight-loss surgery at one of 10 hospitals throughout the U.S. Study participants completed the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification (AUDIT) test approximately 30 days after the surgery as well as one and two years after the surgery. The test was created by the World Health Organization and aimed to identify symptoms of alcohol use disorder, otherwise known as alcoholism. Symptoms of the disorder include alcohol use and dependence.. "Given a standardized quantity of alcohol, patients reach a higher peak alcohol level ...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
Emotion Regulation Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders provides step-by-step, detailed procedures for assessing and treating emotion regulation difficulties in individuals diagnosed with an alcohol use disorder (AUD). The Emotion Regulation Treatment…
Puerarin is an isoflavone component extracted from Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) and has been demonstrated to alleviate alcohol-related disorder. The purpose of this study was to examine whether puerarin ameliorates chronic alcoholic liver injury through inhibition of endotxin gut-leakage, the subsequent Kupffer cells (KCs) activation and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) receptors expression. Rats were provided with the Liber-DeCarli liquid diet for eight weeks. Puerarin (90 mg and 180 mg/kg.d) was orally administered from the beginning of the third week till the end of the experiment. Chronic alcohol intake caused increased serum ALT, AST, hepatic GGT and TG levels as well as fatty liver and neutrophil infiltration in hepatic lobules determined by biochemical and histological assay. A significant increase of liver tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. These pathological effects correlated with increased endotoxin level in portal vein and up-regulated protein ...
Mental and behavioural disorders as a consequence of excessive alcohol consumption accounted for more than half of alcohol-related mortality in 2002. It mainly concerns alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. Liver diseases caused by excessive alcohol consumption are the second most important cause of death of all alcohol-related deaths.. The share of mental disorders slightly rose from 56 percent in 1996 to 59 percent in 2002, whereas the share of liver diseases caused by alcohol consumption decreased by 37 percent in 1996 to 34 percent in 2002.. Anouschka van der Meulen (Statistics Netherlands), Jacqueline Verdurmen and Margriet van Laar (Trimbos-instituut in Utrecht). ...
A new report into the impact of alcohol-related harms on our community has found that alcohol kills four times as many Australians every year as those killed on our roads. Michael Thorn, Chief Executive, Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education, outlines the findings of the new research and calls for urgent policy and legislative action to reduce the current rate of harms. He writes:. Alcohol kills. Fifteen Australians every day, 5,554 Australians every year.. Thats four times the number of people killed on our roads each year, an unacceptable alcohol death toll that continues to climb.. Death, disease, illness and injury. The report, Alcohols Burden of Disease in Australia, jointly funded by the Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education and VicHealth, reveals the devastating extent of alcohols impact. Its the first such study in ten years, and the findings are disturbing. If ever there were findings to up-end our national denial, to jolt us from our complacency, to inform and to ...
Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) ranks third in the list of preventable causes of morbidity and mortality in United States having a major national impact affecting over 18 million people and causing over 100,000 deaths annually. The prevalence of AUDs, in combination with limited clinical efficacy of currently approved FDA drugs in the treatment of this disorder signifies the importance for development of novel therapeutic agents. Alcohol is known to modulate a multitude of receptors in the brain to induce its cellular and behavioral effects. Recent electrophysiological findings from our laboratory, coupled with genomic studies, have suggested that the ionotropic receptor, P2X4 receptor (P2X4R) is a critical target that is modulated by ethanol. P2X4R activity has been demonstrated to be inhibited by ethanol at intoxicating and anesthetic concentrations. Recent evidence from our laboratory using electrophysiological strategies has shown that the FDA approved antiparasitic agent, ivermectin (IVM) ...
Treatment depends on how bad the alcohol use disorder is. Some people are able to cut back to a moderate level of drinking with help from a counselor. People who are physically dependent on alcohol may need medical treatment and may need to stay in a hospital or treatment center.. Your doctor may decide you need detoxification, or detox, before you start treatment. You need detox when you are physically dependent on alcohol. When you go through detox, you may need medicine to help with withdrawal symptoms.. After detox, you focus on staying alcohol-free, or sober. Most people receive some type of therapy, such as group counseling. You also may need medicine to help you stay sober.. When you are sober, youve taken the first step toward recovery. To gain full recovery, you need to take steps to improve other areas of your life, such as learning to deal with work and family. This makes it easier to stay sober.. You will likely need support to stay sober and in recovery. This can include counseling ...
Three new articles published this week in PLoS Medicine:. In a cost-effectiveness study, Bruce R Schackman and colleagues compare early versus standard antiretroviral treatment (ART) for HIV in Haiti and reveal that the new WHO guidelines for early ART initiation can be cost-effective in resource-poor settings.. Kimmo Herttua and colleagues show that living alone is associated with a substantially increased risk of alcohol-related mortality, irrespective of gender, socioeconomic status, or cause of death, and that this effect was exacerbated after a price reduction in alcohol in 2004.. Wietse Tol and colleagues lay out a consensus-based research agenda for mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian settings.. Remember you can comment on, annotate and rate any PLoS Medicine article and see the views, citations and other indications of impact of an article on that articles metrics tab.. ...
Alcohol-related psychosis is a secondary psychosis that manifests as prominent hallucinations and delusions occurring in a variety of alcohol-related conditions. For patients with alcohol use disorder, previously known as alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence, psychosis can occur during phases of acute intoxication or withdrawal, with or witho...
Alcohol is linked to many disease categories. Alcohol-use disorders, cancer, cardiovascular disease, liver cirrhosis, and injury are the most important disease categories causally affected by alcohol. Although light to moderate drinking may have a beneficial effect on cardiovascular disease, this benefit is restricted to older people only," they say. Moreover, such benefits are swamped by the negative effects of heavy drinking, which often affect younger people who have more DALYs to lose The analysis also showed that for much of the world, the beneficial effects of alcohol are essentially irrelevant because of drinking habits, demographics, and lower prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular ...
The sensitivity of the CAGE questionnaire was thought to be 75%. More recent studies, however, show that the sensitivity is lower, particularly in populations with a lower prevalence, such as among fe... more
This report describes some aspects of the drinking behavior of a nationally representative cohort of men and women in the United States in 1988. The data are drawn from the 1988 round of the NLSY, which include interviews with 10,466 men and women who were 23 to 30 years of age. The descriptive analyses showed that males drank both more frequently and in heavier quantities than females. Blacks drank less heavily and less often than whites and Hispanics. Socioeconomic status is associated with less abstaining, but more modest drinking patterns. Men and women who were married and those who were parents were less likely to drink, in terms of both frequency and quantity. Twenty percent of the sample reported experiencing at least one alcohol-related problem in the past year. About 15 percent of the sample experienced alcohol-related aggression problems, and the same proportion experienced problems involving loss of control over alcohol intake. Alcohol-related problems in the workplace were rare, ...
Comments, concepts and statistics about Short term use of oral corticosteroids and related harms among adults in the United States: population based cohort study.
Despite considerable evidence of higher rates of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in men than in women, there is a dearth of research into the underlying causes of this disparity. As the gap in high risk drinking between men and women closes, it is critical to disentangle the biological factors that may place men and women at different risk for the development of AUDs as well as AUD-associated health problems. While sex differences in alcohol drinking have been reported in animal models and in human alcoholics, it increasingly seems that consummatory behavior may be dissociated from propensity toward inflexible and cue-elicited drug seeking and taking that characterize alcohol use disorders ...
A seizure medication called topiramate, sometimes prescribed as a treatment for alcohol use disorder has positive effects on heavy drinking-related harm
Proclamation by the President: National Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month, 2007: National Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month provides an opportunity to underscore our commitment to stopping alcohol and drug abuse before it starts and to helping citizens in need overcome addiction and rebuild their lives...
Naltrexone was approved to treat alcohol disorders more than 20 years ago. But many doctors still dont know that when combined with counseling it can help people resist the urge to drink too much.
in Alcoholism, Clinical & Experimental Research (2008), 32(12), 2100-6. BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies suggest that initiation of alcohol drinking at an early age is associated with an increased risk of developing an alcohol use disorder later in life. Nevertheless ... [more ▼]. BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies suggest that initiation of alcohol drinking at an early age is associated with an increased risk of developing an alcohol use disorder later in life. Nevertheless, relatively few studies using animal models have investigated the relationship between age of onset of drinking and ethanol drinking patterns in adulthood. Besides age at drinking onset, other factors such as gender could also affect the pattern of development of alcohol consumption. In rodents, many studies have shown that females drink more than males. However, even if it is assumed that hormonal changes occurring at puberty could explain these differences, only one study performed in rats has investigated the ...
The PDF document below contains a list of NHIS alcohol-related topics, by year, for all years in which alcohol questions were asked from 1977 through 2017. For the question text associated with each topic, search the questionnaires which can be accessed from the Adult Alcohol Use Questions ...
COMMUNITY EDUCATION HEALTH JUSTICE nwaf North West Alcohol Forum Ltd. Assessment of Incidences of Alcohol-Related Brain Injury (ARBI) in the HSE West (Donegal, Sligo, Leitrim) and Western Health and Social
New York: The more a Facebook user gets involved in alcohol-related posts, the more likely he or she is to consider consuming alcohol, a new study says.
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Nutrition and Alcohol-Related Health Outcomes (R03) PA-10-240. NIAAA
A person needs to meet at least 2 of the above 11 criteria to be diagnosed with an alcohol use disorder. The severity of addiction is determined by the number of criteria met.
With the onset of winter, the problems like cough, cold and other breath related problems become common. No matter how much the body & soul try to adjust...
Canadas Low Risk Drinking Guidelines These guidelines, intended for Canadians of legal drinking age who choose to drink alcohol, are informed by the most recent and best available scientific research and evidence. They are intended to provide consistent information across the country to help Canadians moderate their alcohol consumption and reduce their immediate and long-term alcohol-related harm. ...
Alcohol use is a costly social and personal problem and while our youth should not be using alcohol at all, statistics indicate that in the US, alcoholism is on the rise, with nearly 30 per cent of all adults in the US having had an alcohol use disorder (AUD) at some point in their lives.. ...
Alcoholism (alcohol use disorder) is a disease that affects over 14 million people in the U.S. Get the facts on the symptoms, treatment, and long-term effects of alcoholism and alcohol abuse.
Alcohol use disorder, or alcoholism, is an addiction to alcohol. Heres what you need to know about symptoms, treatment, prevention, and more.
Alcohol use disorder is a diagnosis made when an individual has severe problems related to drinking alcohol. Alcohol use disorder can cause major health, social, and economic problems, and can endanger affected individuals and others through behaviors prompted by impaired decision-making and lowered inhibitions, such as aggression, unprotected sex, or driving while intoxicated.. Alcohol use disorder is a broad diagnosis that encompasses several commonly used terms describing problems with drinking. It includes alcoholism, also called alcohol addiction, which is a long-lasting (chronic) condition characterized by a powerful, compulsive urge to drink alcohol and the inability to stop drinking after starting. In addition to alcoholism, alcohol use disorder includes alcohol abuse, which involves problem drinking without addiction.. Habitual excessive use of alcohol changes the chemistry of the brain and leads to tolerance, which means that over time the amount of alcohol ingested needs to be ...
The pilot aimed to test how widely courts used the Alcohol Abstinence Monitoring Requirement, the number of participants who complied with the requirement, and the effectiveness of the tags in monitoring alcohol abstinence. Information was gathered through surveys with stakeholders and offenders, interviews with stakeholders, and analysis of performance monitoring data.. Offenders were eligible for the Alcohol Abstinence Monitoring Requirement if they committed an offence for which alcohol was a contributing factor, and if they drunk alcohol below non-dependent levels (scoring less than 20 on the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test). Following a recommendation from the Mayor of London Office for Policing and Crime, offences linked to domestic abuse were excluded due to concerns over unintended consequences, such as abstinence creating additional risks for victims, or the scheme diverting attention away from specific interventions designed to tackle the offending behaviour. Offenders ...
Inhalant use, inhalant-use disorders, and antisocial behavior: findings from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). (2010) The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a multistage national survey of 43,093 U.S. residents, examined the lifetime prevalence of 20 childhood and adult antisocial behaviors in inhalant users with inhalant-use disorders (IUD+) and without IUDs (IUD-). Respondents with IUDs had pervasively elevated levels of antisocial conduct, including diverse forms of early-onset and interpersonally violent behavior. IUD+ and IUD- respondents were significantly younger and more likely to be unemployed, to be male, to have never married, and to report family and personal histories of alcohol and drug problems than inhalant nonusers. Family histories of alcohol problems and personal histories of drug problems were significantly more prevalent among IUD+ respondents, compared with IUD- respondents. In bivariate analyses, ...
14Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.. The role of the appetite stimulant and suppressing hormones ghrelin and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), respectively, in alcohol reinforcement has been established in preclinical studies. In clinical studies exogenous ghrelin has been shown to induce craving in patients with alcohol use disorder while three months treatment with a GLP-1 agonist lowered alcohol intake in a small pilot study comprising type 2 diabetic patients. Therefore it is not farfetched to assume that genetic variations (SNPs) in these systems could affect reward and addiction regulatory mechanisms. For the past decade we have investigated variations in genes of the gut-brain axis in various cohorts. Our analyses identify mainly two SNPs in the ghrelin system and one in the GLP-1 receptor as being more frequently associated with reward-related phenotypes including alcohol use disorder, alcohol use ...
Objective: To examine whether self-medication with drugs confers risk of comorbid mood and drug use disorders.. Method: A longitudinal, nationally representative survey was conducted by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) assessed DSM-IV-TR psychiatric disorders, self-medication, and sociodemographic variables at 2 time points. A total of 34,653 adult, US participants completed both waves of the survey. Wave 1 was conducted between 2001 and 2002, and Wave 2 interviews took place 3 years later (2004-2005). Logistic regression and population attributable fractions were calculated to obtain estimates of the association between self-medication and incident disorders.. Results: Logistic regression analyses revealed that self-medication with drugs conferred a heightened risk of new-onset drug dependence among those with baseline mood disorders (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 7.65; 95% CI, 3.70-15.82; P , ...
Levy B. Autonomic nervous system arousal and cognitive functioning in bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord 2012: 00: 000-000. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.. Objective: Previous theories about the etiology of cognitive dysfunction in bipolar disorder (BD) emphasized trait factors such as neurological impairment. State factors, other than mood symptoms, that may exacerbate functional deficits have not yet been considered. The purpose of this study was to examine autonomic nervous system (ANS) arousal following cognitive challenge. The study compared patients with BD and healthy controls (HC) in physiological measures and neuropsychological test scores.. Methods: Thirty euthymic patients with BD and 22 HC completed the study. Participants completed mood [Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS)], anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), and substance abuse (Drug Abuse Screening Test-20 item and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification ...
There is strong evidence that increasing alcohol outlet density increases alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harms; using regulatory authority (e.g., licensing and zoning) to reduce or limit outlet density can reduce excessive alcohol consumption and related harms (CG-Alcohol, Campbell 2009, Jernigan 2013, NIAAA-College drinking 2002).. Government policies that limit or ban establishments that sell or serve alcohol, or otherwise reduce alcohol outlet density, have been shown to reduce both consumption and harm, particularly in isolated environments without other sources of alcohol (CG-Alcohol). Such policies are suggested strategies to reduce drinking among college students and other underage drinkers (RAND-Imm 2007, NIAAA-College drinking 2002).. ...

Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder and delirium in the general population | The British Journal of PsychiatryAlcohol-induced psychotic disorder and delirium in the general population | The British Journal of Psychiatry

Treatment and alcohol-related morbidity in AIPS. The time from onset of alcohol use disorder to first treatment contact for ... Alcohol has a central role in substance use disorders,1 and alcohol use disorders are associated with a considerable burden in ... Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder was diagnosed only if a primary psychotic disorder had been ruled out. In alcohol-induced ... The outcome of alcohol-induced psychotic disorder - a follow-up study of men with alcohol-induced psychotic disorder.] Tampere ...
more infohttp://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/197/3/200

Alcoholic cardiomyopathyAlcoholic cardiomyopathy

Definition of Alcoholic cardiomyopathy, symptoms of Alcoholic cardiomyopathy, treatment of Alcoholic cardiomyopathy, and ... prevention of Alcoholic cardiomyopathy. Exams and Tests Alcoholic cardiomyopathy. ... Alcoholic cardiomyopathy. Definition. Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a disorder in which excessive, habitual use of alcohol ... Medical dictionary Med-Terms.net is a searchable dictionary of medical terms from medicine and related fields. Search for ...
more infohttp://diseasereference.net/info/alcoholic-cardiomyopathy/206917.html

Neural-Immune Interactions in Brain Function and Alcohol Related Disorders | SpringerLinkNeural-Immune Interactions in Brain Function and Alcohol Related Disorders | SpringerLink

... neuropsychiatric disorders and addiction. "Neural-Immune Interaction in Brain Function and Alcohol Related Disorders" ... integrates emerging knowledge on neural-immune interactions with related key discoveries in alcohol research to provide a ... active researchers in the fields of neuroimmune research and alcohol use disorders. ... 1.National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and, Division of Neuroscience and BehaviorNIHBethesdaUSA ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-1-4614-4729-0

Alcohol-related disorders | Medical HumanitiesAlcohol-related disorders | Medical Humanities

You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our cookies policy. ...
more infohttps://mh.bmj.com/collection/alcohol-related-disorders-0

Alcohol-related disorders | Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & PsychiatryAlcohol-related disorders | Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry

A REVIEW OF STRESS AND ENDOGENOUS OPIOID INTERACTION IN ALCOHOL ADDICTION E Emsley, R Lees, A Lingford-Hughes, D Nutt ... NEURAL CORRELATES OF WAITING IMPULSIVITY: A DIMENSIONAL APPROACH TO ALCOHOL MISUSE Laurel S Morris, Prantik Kundu, Kwangyeol ... EUNATRAEMIC HYPOKALAEMIC CENTRAL PONTINE MYELINOLYSIS IN AN ALCOHOLIC LADY WITH BULIMIA Emily Pegg, Rebecca Exley, Shuja ... Mild traumatic brain injury and epilepsy: alcohol misuse may underpin the association Killian A Welch, Christopher Derry ...
more infohttp://jnnp.bmj.com/taxonomy/term/3253

Alcohol-related disorders | Evidence-Based NursingAlcohol-related disorders | Evidence-Based Nursing

Maternal alcohol-use disorder is associated with increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome and infant death from other ... Survey finds only 15% of emergency departments have formal alcohol screening and intervention policies for trauma patients ... A brief therapist-delivered intervention reduces self-reported aggression and alcohol consequences in adolescents who present ...
more infohttps://ebn.bmj.com/collection/alcohol-related-disorders

Alcohol and related disorders | Encyclopedia.comAlcohol and related disorders | Encyclopedia.com

... mood disorders (bipolar and major depression) and anxiety disorders. Source for information on Alcohol and related disorders: ... Long-term and uncontrollable harmful consumption can cause alcohol-related disorders that include: antisocial personality ... Definition Alcoholism is defined as alcohol seeking and consumption behavior that is harmful. ... Alcohol-related disorders are groups of disorders that can result in persons who are long-term users of alcohol. These ...
more infohttps://www.encyclopedia.com/psychology/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/alcohol-and-related-disorders

Neural-Immune Interactions in Brain Function and Alcohol Related Disorders -  - bøker(9781489995780) | Adlibris BokhandelNeural-Immune Interactions in Brain Function and Alcohol Related Disorders - - bøker(9781489995780) | Adlibris Bokhandel

Sendes innen 5‑7 virkedager.. Kjøp boken Neural-Immune Interactions in Brain Function and Alcohol Related Disorders av (ISBN ... Function and Alcohol Related Disorders focuses on neural-immune interactions in areas directly related to alcohol use disorders ... Neural-Immune Interactions in Brain Function and Alcohol Related Disorders heftet, Engelsk, 2012 ... The close relevance of these topics to neural-immune interactions and alcohol use disorders warrants future discussion and more ...
more infohttps://www.adlibris.com/no/bok/neural-immune-interactions-in-brain-function-and-alcohol-related-disorders-9781489995780

Medicine for alcohol related disorders - What Does the Doctor Say?Medicine for alcohol related disorders - What Does the Doctor Say?

Front on medicine for alcohol related disorders: Alcohol and drugs may cause a mood disorder. ... Alcohol blackouts: Get help to stop drinking alcohol. Blackouts from drinking alcohol are dangerous and a sign of alcohol abuse ... addictions to alcohol and other drugs are actually a metabolic disorder wherein the brain does not process alcohol or other ... Are drug-alcohol addictions a diagnosed mental illness? Is it a way of life that may involve disorders? ...
more infohttps://www.healthtap.com/topics/medicine-for-alcohol-related-disorders

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders | American Academy of PediatricsFetal Alcohol Syndrome and Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders | American Academy of Pediatrics

fetal alcohol syndrome • ARND = alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder • ARBD = alcohol-related birth defects. ... and the terms alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder and alcohol-related birth defects have been proposed to identify ... Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from ... Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Committee on Substance Abuse and Committee on Children ...
more infohttps://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/106/2/358?ijkey=842b0a14e03f7ed643b6bca3cc450b6e9a42e846&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Emergency Department Screening and Intervention for Patients With Alcohol-Related Disorders: A Pilot Study | The Journal of the...Emergency Department Screening and Intervention for Patients With Alcohol-Related Disorders: A Pilot Study | The Journal of the...

For example, the Paddington Alcohol Test, also designed to screen patients for alcohol-related disorders in EDs, consists of ... Nor, to our knowledge, has an SBIR program previously been validated as a useful measure for alcohol-related disorders. The use ... Emergency Department Screening and Intervention for Patients With Alcohol-Related Disorders: A Pilot Study. The Journal of the ... Context: Physicians in emergency departments (EDs) treat more patients with alcohol-related disorders than do those in primary ...
more infohttps://jaoa.org/article.aspx?articleid=2093501

Alcohol Related Disorders | MEDCHROMEAlcohol Related Disorders | MEDCHROME

Manufacture: C6H12 O6 (sugar) ----zymase----, 2 CO2+ 2C 2 H 5 OH Metabolism of Alcohol: Alcohol is ... Home > Presentations > Alcohol Related Disorders. Alcohol Related Disorders. Editor December 9, 20092009-12-09T22:04:55+00:00 ... Alcoholic Seizures (Rum Fits):. *Generalized tonic clonic seizures occur in about 10% of alcohol dependence ptn. After 12- 48 ... Alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Abrupt cessation or rapid decrease in amount of alcohol consumption causes:. *Minor withdrawal ...
more infohttp://medchrome.com/downloads/presentations/alcohol-related-disorder/

Fenland pubs see significant drop in alcohol related crime and disorder - Peterborough TelegraphFenland pubs see significant drop in alcohol related crime and disorder - Peterborough Telegraph

Alcohol-related crime and disorder linked to the night-time economy in Fenland has dropped thanks to joint working by police ... Alcohol related disorder has fallen Published: 15:19 Tuesday 22 November 2016 ... Alcohol-related crime and disorder linked to the night-time economy in Fenland has dropped thanks to joint working by police ... To report alcohol-related crime or disorder, call police on 101 or Crimestoppers, anonymously, on 0800 555111. Information can ...
more infohttps://www.peterboroughtoday.co.uk/news/crime/fenland-pubs-see-significant-drop-in-alcohol-related-crime-and-disorder-1-7692296

Early Childhood Neurobehavioral Assessment for the Differential Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Alcohol-Related...Early Childhood Neurobehavioral Assessment for the Differential Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Alcohol-Related...

Early ChildhoodNeurobehavioral Assessmentfor theDifferential Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Syndromeand Alcohol-Related ... Neurodevelopmental Disorder Bethesda Marriott Hotel Bethesda, Maryland March 8-10, 2000 ... Differential Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. and Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder. Bethesda Marriott Hotel. ... "alcohol-related neurobehavioral disorder" (ARND) to refer to alcohol-exposed children displaying neurobehavioral effects in the ...
more infohttps://www.niaaa.nih.gov/about-niaaa/our-work/ICCFASD/proceedings/archived/march-2000

Most recent papers with the keyword alcohol related disorders and drug therapy and psychotherapy | Read by QxMDMost recent papers with the keyword alcohol related disorders and drug therapy and psychotherapy | Read by QxMD

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling trauma and stress-related disorder that may occur after a person ... Bipolar disorder and alcohol use disorder represent a significant comorbid population, which is significantly worse than either ... Individuals with alcohol and/or drug use disorders often fail to receive care, or evidence-based care, yet the literature shows ... www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22983943/bipolar-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder-a-review ...
more infohttps://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/74438

Frontiers | Therapeutic Prospects of Cannabidiol for Alcohol Use Disorder and Alcohol-Related Damages on the Liver and the...Frontiers | Therapeutic Prospects of Cannabidiol for Alcohol Use Disorder and Alcohol-Related Damages on the Liver and the...

By reducing alcohol-related processes of steatosis in the liver, and brain alcohol-related damage, CBD could improve both the ... By reducing alcohol-related processes of steatosis in the liver, and brain alcohol-related damage, CBD coul... ... Many experimental data suggest that CBD could have several types of application in alcohol use disorder (AUD) and alcohol- ... Moreover, CBD has been shown to reduce alcohol-related steatosis and fibrosis in the liver by reducing lipid accumulation, ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2019.00627/full

Related NICE quality standards | Alcohol-use disorders: diagnosis and management | Quality standards | NICERelated NICE quality standards | Alcohol-use disorders: diagnosis and management | Quality standards | NICE

Evidence-based statements to deliver quality improvements in the diagnosis and management of alcohol-use disorders in children ... Related NICE quality standards. Related NICE quality standards. * Alcohol: preventing harmful use in the community (2015) NICE ... Alcohol-use disorders: diagnosis and management. Quality standard [QS11]. Published date: August 2011. ... Quality statement 8: Medically assisted alcohol withdrawal - setting * Quality statement 9: Medically assisted alcohol ...
more infohttps://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/qs11/chapter/related-nice-quality-standards

2017/18 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code F10: Alcohol related disorders2017/18 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code F10: Alcohol related disorders

Alcohol related disorders. 2016 2017 2018 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code *F10 should not be used for reimbursement purposes as ... Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol. ... drug dependence and related mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use (F10.--F19.-) ... drug dependence and related mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use (F10.- -F19.-) ...
more infohttp://www.icd10data.com/ICD10CM/Codes/F01-F99/F10-F19/F10-/F10

Patients with HCV, alcohol-use disorder had increased risk for liver-related mortalityPatients with HCV, alcohol-use disorder had increased risk for liver-related mortality

... disorder had an increased risk for mortality by liver-related causes compared with those with an alcohol-use disorder, but not ... Patients with hepatitis C virus infection and alcohol-use ... alcohol-use disorder had increased risk for liver-related ... "HCV infection in patients with [alcohol-use disorder] is associated with an increased risk of overall and liver-related ... "HCV infection in patients with [alcohol-use disorder] is associated with an increased risk of overall and liver-related ...
more infohttps://www.healio.com/hepatology/hepatitis-c/news/online/%7B68b4fe79-78ce-4761-ba8a-47c6281d9902%7D/patients-with-hcv-alcohol-use-disorder-had-increased-risk-for-liver-related-mortality

Predictors and Costs of 30-Day Readmissions After Index Hospitalizations for Alcohol-Related Disorders in U.S. Adults<...Predictors and Costs of 30-Day Readmissions After Index Hospitalizations for Alcohol-Related Disorders in U.S. Adults<...

Alcohol-related disorders (ARD) are the fourth leading cause of 30-day readmissions. Yet, there is a dearth of national-level ... Alcohol-related disorders (ARD) are the fourth leading cause of 30-day readmissions. Yet, there is a dearth of national-level ... Alcohol-related disorders (ARD) are the fourth leading cause of 30-day readmissions. Yet, there is a dearth of national-level ... Alcohol-related disorders (ARD) are the fourth leading cause of 30-day readmissions. Yet, there is a dearth of national-level ...
more infohttps://nebraska.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/predictors-and-costs-of-30-day-readmissions-after-index-hospitali

Pioglitazone for the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govPioglitazone for the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Alcohol-Related Disorders. Substance-Related Disorders. Chemically-Induced Disorders. Mental Disorders. Ethanol. Pioglitazone. ... Pioglitazone for the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder (PAUSE). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Background: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and heavy drinking are common among Veterans with 42.2% of Veterans having a life-time ... Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is common among Veterans but medication treatment is used infrequently and the impact of these ...
more infohttps://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03864146?term=Behaviors+and+Mental+Disorders%5BCONDITION-BROWSE-BRANCH%5D&recrs=abc&map_cntry=US&map_state=US%3AMN&fund=01&rank=9

Impact Of Alcohol Use And Related Disorders On HIV Continuum Of Care - IOGT InternationalImpact Of Alcohol Use And Related Disorders On HIV Continuum Of Care - IOGT International

Alcohol Harm Alcohol Industry Lobbyism alcohol marketing Alcohol Policy Alcohol Taxation Alcohol Use Disorder Alcohol Violence ... The Impact of Alcohol Use and Related Disorders on the HIV Continuum of Care: a Systematic Review. Alcohol and the HIV ... "The Impact of Alcohol Use and Related Disorders on the HIV Continuum of Care: A Systematic Review: Alcohol and the HIV ... Impact Of Alcohol Use And Related Disorders On HIV Continuum Of Care. Author. Panagiotis Vagenas, Marwan M. Azar, Michael M. ...
more infohttp://iogt.org/reports/impact-alcohol-use-related-disorders-hiv-continuum-care/

Items where Subject is G Health and disease | Substance related disorder | Dual diagnosis (comorbidity) - Drugs and AlcoholItems where Subject is "G Health and disease | Substance related disorder | Dual diagnosis (comorbidity)" - Drugs and Alcohol

Irish drugs and alcohol research, data, policy and sources of evidence on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, crime and ... Drugs and Alcohol (18239)*G Health and disease (4501)*Substance related disorder (361)*Dual diagnosis (comorbidity) (152) ... Farren, Conor Kevin and Hill, Kevin P and Weiss, Roger D (2012) Bipolar disorder and alcohol use disorder: a review. Current ... a rapid review of experiences of living with alcohol-related brain damage (ARBD). London: Alcohol Change UK. 29 p. ...
more infohttps://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/view/subjects/GC12.html

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder-Is This a Ciliopathy? - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govFetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder-Is This a Ciliopathy? - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Fetal Diseases. Alcohol-Induced Disorders. Alcohol-Related Disorders. Ciliopathies. Disease. ... Genetics Home Reference related topics: Cranioectodermal dysplasia MedlinePlus related topics: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders ... Substance-Related Disorders. Chemically-Induced Disorders. Abnormalities, Multiple. Congenital Abnormalities. Genetic Diseases ... Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder-Is This a Ciliopathy?. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility ...
more infohttps://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03802708?term=fetal+alcohol+children&rank=16

Liver | Encyclopedia.comLiver | Encyclopedia.com

Alcohol-related liver disorders. Liver disorders related to alcohol include fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and alcoholic ... Alcohol-related liver disorders. Liver disorders related to alcohol include fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and alcoholic ... Fatty liver, the most common alcohol-related liver disorder, causes liver enlargement and abdominal discomfort. Swollen livers ... Fatty liver, the most common alcohol-related liver disorder, causes liver enlargement and abdominal discomfort. Swollen livers ...
more infohttps://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/anatomy-and-physiology/anatomy-and-physiology/liver
  • 4 In addition, the ACEP has received an NHTSA grant to develop an alcohol-screening and brief intervention tool to help ED physicians address alcohol-related injuries. (jaoa.org)
  • Despite greater public awareness, improved terminology, and an accruing body of research, the lack of uniformly accepted diagnostic criteria for FAS and other related disorders has critically limited efforts to determine accurate prevalence figures, expand awareness and prevention campaigns, actuate early identification and intervention programs, and delineate the full continuum of alcohol-related conditions. (aappublications.org)
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling trauma and stress-related disorder that may occur after a person experiences a traumatic event, and evokes a combination of intrusion and avoidance symptoms, negative alterations in cognitions and mood, and alterations in arousal and reactivity. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Thus, neural-immune interactions provide a new frame work for understanding the role of the neuroimmune system in normal brain function, neurodevelopment, and a variety of neurological disorders. (adlibris.com)
  • Summary: The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) invite new (type 1) and competitive renewal (type 2) applications for the Autism Centers of Excellence: Centers Program, hereafter termed ACE Centers. (nih.gov)
  • Family history heart disease,had heart echo I have diastolic dysfunction no drugs no alcohol or smoking what can I do to help it. (healthtap.com)
  • Of the patients with HCV, researchers found that 14.2% met standard criteria for alcohol-related liver disease . (healio.com)
  • Women may be more susceptible to alcohol-related liver problems than men, but the disease is common in both men and women. (drugrehab.com)
  • As part of the fiscal year 2002 appropriations legislation, Congress mandated that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) develop diagnostic guidelines for FAS and related disorders and integrate them broadly across medical and allied health professions' training curricula. (aappublications.org)
  • This block comprises a range of mental disorders grouped together on the basis of their having in common a demonstrable etiology in cerebral disease, brain injury, or other insult leading to cerebral dysfunction. (icd10data.com)
  • Explains the prevalence of this disease, details how alcohol damages the liver, medication interactions, and prospects for treatment. (dmoztools.net)
  • Streissguth et al 5,8 traced the natural history of alcohol-affected children into adulthood and demonstrated the profound, pervasive, and persistent nature of the disorder. (aappublications.org)
  • These disorders can affect the person's metabolism, gastrointestinal tract, nervous system , bone marrow (the matter in bones that forms essential blood cells) and can cause endocrine (hormone) problems. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Impact of Alcohol Use and Related Disorders on the HIV Continuum of Care: A Systematic Review: Alcohol and the HIV Continuum of Care. (iogt.org)
  • This systematic review examined the impact of alcohol use and AUDs on the HIV treatment cascade in recent years, as ART is being expanded to more patients. (iogt.org)
  • Alcohol use is prevalent globally with numerous adverse consequences to human health, including HIV progression, in people living with HIV (PLH). (iogt.org)
  • Are drug-alcohol addictions a diagnosed mental illness? (healthtap.com)
  • SAMHSA has reported that approximately one in five, or 43.6 million, American adults have experienced some form of mental illness in the past year, and eight percent, or 20.2 million had a substance use disorder. (astho.org)
  • The authority for planning, monitoring, evaluating, and financing publicly funded treatment and prevention services for mental illness and alcohol and drug addiction in Washington County, Ohio. (dmoztools.net)
  • These advances have a far reaching impact on many areas of neuroscience, including alcohol research. (adlibris.com)