Gammaproteobacteria: A group of the proteobacteria comprised of facultatively anaerobic and fermentative gram-negative bacteria.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Prince Edward Island: An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)Portraits as Topic: Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)American Civil War: 1861-1865 conflict between the Union (Northern states) and the 11 Southern states that seceded and were organized as the Confederate States of America.Body Image: Individuals' concept of their own bodies.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Prokaryotic Cells: Cells lacking a nuclear membrane so that the nuclear material is either scattered in the cytoplasm or collected in a nucleoid region.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Lawyers: Persons whose profession is to give legal advice and assistance to clients and represent them in legal matters. (American Heritage Dictionary, 3d ed)Child Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Bites, Human: Bites inflicted by humans.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Information Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.

Predominant growth of Alcanivorax during experiments on "oil spill bioremediation" in mesocosms. (1/17)

Mesocosm experiments were performed to study the changes on bacterial community composition following oil spill in marine environment. The analysis of 16S crDNA revealed a shift in the structure of initial bacterial population that was drastically different from that one measured after 15 days. The results showed that, after 15 days, bacteria closely related to the genus Alcanivorax became the dominant group of bacterial community in petroleum-contaminated sea water nitrogen and phosphorus amended. This suggested that these bacteria played the most important role in the process of bioremediation of oil-contaminated marine environments.  (+info)

Analysis of storage lipid accumulation in Alcanivorax borkumensis: Evidence for alternative triacylglycerol biosynthesis routes in bacteria. (2/17)

Marine hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria, like Alcanivorax borkumensis, play a globally important role in bioremediation of petroleum oil contamination in marine ecosystems. Accumulation of storage lipids, serving as endogenous carbon and energy sources during starvation periods, might be a potential adaptation mechanism for coping with nutrient limitation, which is a frequent stress factor challenging those bacteria in their natural marine habitats. Here we report on the analysis of storage lipid biosynthesis in A. borkumensis strain SK2. Triacylglycerols (TAGs) and wax esters (WEs), but not poly(hydroxyalkanoic acids), are the principal storage lipids present in this and other hydrocarbonoclastic bacterial species. Although so far assumed to be a characteristic restricted to gram-positive actinomycetes, substantial accumulation of TAGs corresponding to a fatty acid content of more than 23% of the cellular dry weight is the first characteristic of large-scale de novo TAG biosynthesis in a gram-negative bacterium. The acyltransferase AtfA1 (ABO_2742) exhibiting wax ester synthase/acyl-coenzyme A:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (WS/DGAT) activity plays a key role in both TAG and WE biosynthesis, whereas AtfA2 (ABO_1804) was dispensable for storage lipid formation. However, reduced but still substantial residual TAG levels in atfA1 and atfA2 knockout mutants compellingly indicate the existence of a yet unknown WS/DGAT-independent alternative TAG biosynthesis route. Storage lipids of A. borkumensis were enriched in saturated fatty acids and accumulated as insoluble intracytoplasmic inclusions exhibiting great structural variety. Storage lipid accumulation provided only a slight growth advantage during short-term starvation periods but was not required for maintaining viability and long-term persistence during extended starvation phases.  (+info)

Alcanivorax balearicus sp. nov., isolated from Lake Martel. (3/17)

A bacterial strain designated MACL04(T) was isolated from Lake Martel, a subterraneous saline lake in Mallorca (Spain). The complete 16S rRNA gene sequence of this strain showed nearly 100 % similarity to that of Alcanivorax dieselolei B-5(T). Despite this high similarity, strain MACL04(T) showed phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular differences with respect to A. dieselolei, indicating that strain MACL04(T) represents a separate species. Cells of strain MACL04(T) were motile by means of a single polar or subpolar flagellum and colonies formed on media containing 1 % (v/v) Tween 20 were opaque and mucoid, with blue-green iridescence. The generation time of strain MACL04(T) in this medium was approximately half that of A. dieselolei B-5(T) and strain MACL04(T) did not produce lipases after incubation for 5 days. Strain MACL04(T) did not require NaCl for growth and grew in the presence of up to 15 % (w/v) NaCl. The strain was able to use alkanes as a sole carbon source; however, glucose could also be used, albeit weakly, as a carbon source. Several amino acids and organic acids were used as carbon sources. Strain MACL04(T) produced acid in media containing pyruvate as the sole carbon source. The major fatty acids were C(19 : 0) cyclo omega8c and C(16 : 0). The fatty acid C(16 : 1)omega8c, present in strain MACL04(T), was not detected in the recognized Alcanivorax species. The sequences of the large and short 16S-23S intergenic spacer regions showed similarities of 97.2 and 98.8 % (ungapped) with respect to A. dieselolei B-5(T). Partial sequences of gyrB and alkb genes showed 94.0 % similarity between strain MACL04(T) and A. dieselolei B-5(T). The G+C content of strain MACL04(T) was 62.8 mol%. The data from this polyphasic study indicate that strain MACL04(T) represents a novel species of the genus Alcanivorax, for which the name Alcanivorax balearicus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MACL04(T) (=LMG 22508(T)=CECT 5683(T)).  (+info)

Alcanivorax hongdengensis sp. nov., an alkane-degrading bacterium isolated from surface seawater of the straits of Malacca and Singapore, producing a lipopeptide as its biosurfactant. (4/17)

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Denitrifying activity and homologous enzyme analysis of Alcanivorax dieselolei strain N1203. (5/17)

An Alcanivorax dieselolei strain, termed strain N1203, was isolated from the consortia of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) combined with denitrifying bacteria from our previous study and was shown to have ability to reduce nitrate to nitrite to either nitrous oxide or molecular nitrogen. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences established strain N1203 as a member of the species Alcanivorax dieselolei. In addition, the ability of strain N1203 to utilize various organic substrates as the sole carbon source, supplemented with carbohydrates, amino acids, and n-alkane compounds, was investigated, and this strain was found to have a narrow substrate range of growth such as grycerol, succinate, ethanol and n-alkane hydrocarbon. Furthermore, N1203's stepwise denitrifying activity, utilizing succinate and hexadecane as sole carbon sources, was measured. Gene fragments of nirK and qnorB genes, which are involved in denitrifying activities, were obtained, cloned and sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis for these two genes showed that both the nirK and qnorB sequences, although found in separate branches within clusters, formed subclusters branching from uncultured environmental clones. This demonstrated the typical uniqueness of these genes from any cultivated denitrifiers. Thus, strain N1203 is novel type of denitrifying bacteria that demonstrated denitrifying activities when cultivated using succinate as the sole carbon source.  (+info)

Analysis of lipid export in hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria of the genus Alcanivorax: identification of lipid export-negative mutants of Alcanivorax borkumensis SK2 and Alcanivorax jadensis T9. (6/17)

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Kangiella japonica sp. nov., isolated from a marine environment. (7/17)

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Isolation and characterization of a mutant of the marine bacterium Alcanivorax borkumensis SK2 defective in lipid biosynthesis. (8/17)

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Alcanivorax borkumensis is a marine bacterium that has ability to grow on limited substrates that mainly is alkanes. The ability to use wide range of hydrocarbons is advantage of this bacterium to other marine community bacteria. A. borkumensis have two genetic systems for alkane biodegradation. The First system is alkane hydroxylase (alk-B1and alk-B2) and the second system is cytochrome P450. Until now there is not any report on cloning of cytochrome P450 gene of A. borkumensis. In this study cytochrome P450 gene from A. borkumensis was cloned. At first P450 gene was cloned in pBluescript plasmid by blunt cloning and insertion was confirmed by colony PCR. Then P450 gene was cloned in PET-26 expression vector and finally, IPTG induced gene expression in E.coli BL-21 bacterium. It was shown that longer induction time led to more expression level. The recombinant enzyme has difference absorbance in 450 nm that confirmed the activity of this recombinant enzyme.
Terpenoids, also known as isoprenoids, are a large class of natural products consisting of isoprene (C5) units. There are two biosynthetic pathways, the mevalonate pathway [MD:M00095] and the non-mevalonate pathway or the MEP/DOXP pathway [MD:M00096], for the terpenoid building blocks: isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP). The action of prenyltransferases then generates higher-order building blocks: geranyl diphosphate (GPP), farsenyl diphosphate (FPP), and geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP), which are the precursors of monoterpenoids (C10), sesquiterpenoids (C15), and diterpenoids (C20), respectively. Condensation of these building blocks gives rise to the precursors of sterols (C30) and carotenoids (C40). The MEP/DOXP pathway is absent in higher animals and fungi, but in green plants the MEP/DOXP and mevalonate pathways co-exist in separate cellular compartments. The MEP/DOXP pathway, operating in the plastids, is responsible for the formation of essential oil ...
sThere are two distinct types of bacteria based on the structure of their cell walls. Gram-positive bacteria have a single-membrane cell wall, while Gram-negative bacteria have a double-membrane cell wall. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria are Gram-positive, while the oil-eating bacteria are Gram-negative. But! A component of the double-membrane cell wall structure of Gram-negative bacteria can irritate human skin, causing inflammation and activating the immune system. In other words, oil-eating bacteria, just because they are Gram-negative, can cause skin rashes. In the case of Alcanivorax borkumensis, the reaction can erupt on the skin like MRSA infections. To make things a little scarier, some of the oil-eating bacteria have been genetically modified, or otherwise bioengineered, to better eat the oil - including Alcanivorax borkumensis and some of the Pseudomonas. Oil-eating bacteria produce bio-films. According to Nurse Schmidt, studies have found that bio-films ...
Plays a role in peptidoglycan recycling by cleaving the terminal beta-1,4-linked N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) from peptide-linked peptidoglycan fragments, giving rise to free GlcNAc, anhydro-N-acetylmuramic acid and anhydro-N-acetylmuramic acid-linked peptides.
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Marco, Antonio and Marín, Ignacio (2007) A general strategy to determine the congruence between a hierarchical and a non-hierarchical classification. BMC Bioinformatics, 8. 442 - ?. ISSN 1471-2105 McKew, BA and Coulon, F and Osborn, AM and Timmis, KN and McGenity, TJ (2007) Determining the identity and roles of oil-metabolizing marine bacteria from the Thames estuary, UK. Environmental Microbiology, 9 (1). 165 - 176. ISSN 1462-2912 McKew, BA and Coulon, F and Yakimov, MM and Denaro, R and Genovese, M and Smith, CJ and Osborn, AM and Timmis, KN and McGenity, TJ (2007) Efficacy of intervention strategies for bioremediation of crude oil in marine systems and effects on indigenous hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria. Environmental Microbiology, 9 (6). 1562 - 1571. ISSN 1462-2912 Meaburn, Emma and Harlaar, Nicole and Craig, Ian W and Schalkwyk, Leonard C and Plomin, Robert (2007) Genomewide gene expression profiles as a biological basis for non-shared environment: MZ twins discordant for reading ...
Biohazard level, growth media and temperature, gram stain, industrial applications and more information for Alcanivorax jadensis.
A quarter of the worlds seaborne oil goes through the Malacca Strait. But a spate of pirate attacks in the past two and a half months has led to theft of millions of liters of black gold stolen. DW examines the issue.
Compare 341 hotels in Malacca using 13893 real guest reviews. Earn free nights and get our Price Guarantee - booking has never been easier on Hotels.com!
ish ish, cant wait to NOT see those food pictures.. turn on ppls saliva but cannot fulfill one loorrr.. so better dun look at those food pics tat u sure will publish one loor.. hhehe actually.. frankly.. pls share with me.. can see better than nothing.. at least can fantasize.. :) ...
Do you plant vegetables in your garden ? I have been trying to plant ladys finger (okra) in my little backyard in Malacca. I have a buddy from Malacca who now live in SJ. He has acute diabetes.. :( Someone told me drinking ladys fingers juice can lower the blood sugar and I recommended him to try. It works quite ok for him.. :) He is a retiree. Diabetic medicine is not cheap (even before GST) and his children kind of dont take care of him much. You know vegetable is also not
Neue Hesperiden des indischen Archipels und Ost-Africas aus der Collection des Herrn H. Ribbe in Blasewitz-Dresden, gesammelt von den Herren: C. Ribbe auf Celebes, Java un den Aru-Inseln, K nstler auf Malacca (Perak); K hn auf West-Guinea (Jekar); Menger auf Ceylon Berl. ent. Z. 29 (2) : 225-232 ...
There are 14 eight-letter words containing 3A and 2C: ALPACCAS BACCARAS BACCARAT ... CHAMPACA MACCABAW MALACCAS. Every word on this site can be used while playing scrabble. Create other lists, that begin with or end with letters of your choice.
Alkane-degrading bacteria have developed different ways to accommodate alkane oxidation. In order to regulate alkane oxidation in E. coli, genes encoding a regulatory mechanism controlled by alkane levels must be incorporated. High alkane levels can then be used to activate expression of specific genes involved in the alkane degradation. Two types of regulatory constructs will be created in the form of BioBricks to achieve this. The first construct proposed is based on a catabolic repression pathway encoded by the P.putida Gpo1 OCT plamid. The second mechanism makes use of a global regulator protein from E.coli which is known to bind to regions of promoters known to activate genes involved in the degradation of non-glucose carbon sources. The BioBricks including these mechanisms will be implemented in Escherichia coli K12 and characterized and evaluated on it regulating capabilities controlled by alkane levels. ...
Terendak Military Cemetery, Malaysia Location The Terendak Military Cemetery is situated within the Terendak Camp, Malacca. The Camp is located on the West Coast, thirteen miles north of Malacca on the Malacca-Masjid Tanah Road. The camp at Malacca was built by the governments of Great Britain, Australia and New Zealand during 1957-1959 to house the 28th Commonwealth Infantry Brigade on its move from North Malaysia in 1959-1960.
Putrajaya was erected after 495 years the Malay Empire of Malacca collapsed in 1511 to the colonialists.The Malay Empire of Malacca was established by Parameswara, a Malay Prince in 1400 after he was driven out of Palembang, the capital of old Malay Empire of Srivijaya established around 200 AD century and perished to the Majapahit and cease to exist in 1400. ...
Malaysia Taxis and Car Rental Taxis are readily available for tourists in larger cities like Georgetown, Kuala Lumpur and Malacca, but in the small...
I love driving the Prado, for all the wrong reasons. Its got a clunky manual gearbox, a heavy clutch pedal, soft suspension that will squat and dive with every touch of the throttle and brake, not to mention roll when steering. Its precisely these that make it an engaging drive- its extremely difficult to drive really smoothly. And Ive mastered it. (At least I think so.) Last CNY, I drove my family along the back roads from Kuala Pilah to Malacca. Being smooth on roads sprinkled with fast straights, sharp hairpins and long blind curves was a challenge, and my parents remarked (its quite a rare occasion) that the ride was a gentle one (I was actually going quite fast ...
If you have time, Id appreciate your answers to this questionnaire: * In what ways is MACL superior to other CLs, MacScheme, other Schemes and lisps? * If you could change or add three things, what would they be? * What do you use MACL for? * Do you use the application builder? * Do you use it for interactive (graphical, point-and-click) interfaces? If so, does the interface have a good response? For a real application would it be necessary to recode some or all of it in C or Pascal? * If youve used MacScheme+Toolkit, and have still more time to indulge me, please answer the previous questions with respect to that product. Thanks, Patrick -- Patrick Logan, uunet!mntgfx!plogan Mentor Graphics Corp. 8500 SW Creekside, Beaverton, Oregon 97005-7191 ...
Plasmid pKS104 from Dr. Jay Keaslings lab contains the insert fadD (M3351), atfA and is published in Nature. 2010 Jan 28;463(7280):559-62. This plasmid is available through Addgene.
The Green Party is accusing a crown research institute of trying to censor a critical report into its genetic engineering research methods.
Literature on hydrocarbon degradation in extreme hypersaline media presents studies that point to a negative effect of salinity increase on hydrocarbonoclastic activity, while several others report an opposite tendency. Based on information available
​ Subdivisions Main articles: States and federal territories of Malaysia, Divisions of Malaysia, and Districts of Malaysia Perlis Kedah Penang Kelantan Terengganu Perak Selangor Negeri Sembilan Malacca Johor Pahang Sarawak Sabah Labuan Kuala Lumpur Putrajaya West Malaysia East Malaysia (Blue) States (Red) Federal Territories South China Sea Strait of Malacca Gulf of Thailand Sulu Sea Celebes Sea Brunei…
A web-based solution used by 75% of the tanker industry with the most accurate vessel information. Q88.com has been proven to reduce cost up to 30% by facilitating the information management process which increases the efficiency, accuracy and competitiveness of your company.
Carduncellus es un género de plantas con flores perteneciente a la familia Asteraceae. Comprende unas 60 especies descritas y, de estas, 12 aceptadas. El género fue descrito por Michel Adanson y publicado en Familles des Plantes, vol. 2, p. 116, 1763[2]. Carduncellus arborescens L.) Sweet Carduncellus balearicus (J.J.Rodr.) G.López Carduncellus coeruleus (L.) C.Presl Carduncellus cuatrecasasii G.López Carduncellus dianius Webb Carduncellus fruticosus (Maire) Hanelt in Feddes Carduncellus hispanicus Boiss. ex DC. Carduncellus mareoticus (Delile) Hanelt in Feddes Carduncellus mitissimus (L.) DC. in Lam. & DC. Carduncellus monspelliensium All. Carduncellus pinnatus (Desf.) DC. Carduncellus rhiphaeus (Font Quer & Pau) G.López López González, G. , Sobre la clasificación del complejo Carthamus-Carduncellus (Asteraceae, Cardueae-Centaureinae) y su tratamiento en Flora Ibérica. Acta Bot. Malac., vol. 37, p. 79-92, 2012 Carduncellus en The Plant List, vers. 1.1, 2013 (fecha del dato: 11-2-2012) ...
The Alkanivore E.coli strain has been designed to carry the genes required for the conversion of medium (C5-C13) and long chain (C15-C36) alkanes. A general scheme for the oxidation of the alkanes is illustrated in figure 1. To create the alkane degradation constructs a number of genes encoding for alkane degradation enzymes were synthesized and combined with promoters and ribosome binding sites obtained from the BioBrick distribution plates. Combination of these genes resulted in the following BioBrick constructs (the intermediates have also been submitted to the registry). ...
Johor: State of Malaysia, southernmost state of Peninsular (West) Malaysia. Its 250-mile (400-km) coastline along the Strait of Malacca and South China Sea also winds around the Republic...
Serving the Inland Northwest since 1883. Spokesman.com provides breaking and in-depth coverage of Spokane area news, sports and community.
Fifth, "an inlet of the sea for Hagoth," is an interesting idea. In Malay, there is an inlet in Olsens Narrow Neck area (around Hat Yai in Thailand), but it is on the east coast. The inlets on the west coast are merely inward curvatures of the coast-the best of these would be at Hat Samran off the Malacca Strait. Further north, from Ko Lanta to Mueang Phuket, there are areas where a ship building industry could have existed, but none fully protected from the sea sufficient to warrant a large shipbuilding center. However, in South America, there is a complete bay that is protected by a central island (Bay of Guayaquil) and providing enormous space and facilities for shipbuilding, docks, and launching and recovering ships. Even today, this area is the location of such ship building and shipping. From the eastern edge of this bay to the one-time location of the Atlantic Ocean before the rest of the continent was driven upward by the plate action, is 26 miles-Mormons day and a half distance for a ...
Looking for Myeik? Find out information about Myeik. a city and port in southern Burma, in the district of Tenasserim, on the Malacca Peninsula. Located at the point where the Tenasserim River flows into the... Explanation of Myeik
We are worlds apart but guess what, both our barbers use the same type of chairs :). They are now collectibles and can be bought at good price. A pub here use it for a contest where someone sits in it with the head back and a gallon of beer is poured down his throat. How ghastly. Such a great picture. If you change the man, I swear you can find such a barber shop in Malacca, Malaysia. ...
Les activités liées à lindustrie du pétrole conduisent souvent à la contamination aux hydrocarbures des sols et de leau. Pendant de nombreuses années, des méthodes mécaniques et chimiques ont été le seul moyen pour éliminer les hydrocarbures provenant de sites contaminés. Puisque ces méthodes ont souvent une efficacité limitée et peuvent être très coûteux, lobjectif est de les remplacer par des méthodes plus efficaces et plus rentables, tels que la dégradation microbienne de micro-organismes indigènes dans leau et le sol capables de dégrader les contaminants dhydrocarbures. Dans ce travail, métagénome de sédiments marins huile polluée a été analysée en utilisant des méthodes bioinformatiques dans le but dévaluer la biopotentiel des communautés microbiennes pour lassainissement de la contamination aux hydrocarbures. Les cibles étaient des enzymes impliquées dans la dégradation aérobie des alcanes à court et à longue chaîne ainsi que des enzymes pour ...
Shi, Qiang, Petrick, Gert, Quack, Birgit, Marandino, Christa and Wallace, Douglas W.R. (2013) An experimental study of volatile halocarbon production in surface seawater . ...
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Characterization of a pyrene-degrading Mycobacterium sp. strain CH-2.: Mycobacterium sp strain CH-2 was isolated from a manufactured gas plant contaminated with
By Kunle Obadina. Maritime resources are critical to maritime states because they harbour vital resources which include oil and gas, cobalt, manganese nodules among others. In this era of economic diversification drive in Nigeria, the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) need not look too far. Nigerias maritime resources could serve as major source of foreign reserve if properly harnessed. However, in order to benefit from the huge maritime resources, the FGN need to improve its efforts at addressing the security threats confronting Nigerias maritime domain. Threats associated with maritime environment as have been witnessed in the Straits of Hormuz, Malacca, Singapore, Gulf of Guinea (GoG) among others include piracy, poaching, and even terrorism. Therefore protection of the maritime environment is vital if Nigeria is to exploit these abundant sea resources as part of the government diversification drive toward enhancing national development.. In Nigeria, the Nigerian Navy (NN) alongside other ...
Unbeknownst to the Sultan, Light had acted without the approval of the East India Company when he promised military protection. When the Company failed to aid Kedah when it was attacked by Siam, the Sultan tried to retake the island in 1790. The attempt was unsuccessful, and the Sultan was forced to cede the island to the Company for an honorarium of 6,000Spanish dollars per annum. This was later increased to 10,000 dollars, with Province Wellesley on the mainland of the Malay Peninsula being added to Penang in 1800. An annual honorarium of 10,000 ringgits continues to this day be paid by the Malaysian Federal Government to the state of Kedah.. In 1826, Penang, along with Malacca and Singapore, became part of the Straits Settlements under the British administration in India, moving to direct British colonial rule in 1867. In 1946 it became part of the Malayan Union, before becoming in 1948 a state of the Federation of Malaya, which gained independence in 1957 and became Malaysia in 1963.. The ...
Python brongersmai, commonly known as Brongersmas short-tailed python, the blood python, or the red short-tailed python, is a species of python, a nonvenomous snake endemic to the Malay Peninsula. The specific name, brongersmai, is in honor of Dutch herpetologist Leo Brongersma. P. brongersmai is found in peninsular (Western) Malaysia, Sumatra east of the central dividing range of mountains, Bangka Island and other islands in the Strait of Malacca, including the Lingga Islands, Riau islands, and Pinang. and Thailand. The natural habitat of P. brongersmai is often marshes and tropical swamps. P. brongersmai is a primarily crepuscular species - usually active around dawn and dusk. Hatchlings of P. brongersmai range from 25-43 cm (10-17 in) in total length (including tail). Adult males typically range from 91-152 cm (36-60 in) in total length, and females between 120-180 cm (48-72 in) although a few have been recorded at 240 cm (96 in). These snakes generally look overweight due to their robust ...
With his characteristic warmth, inventiveness and brilliant wit, Alexander McCall Smith gives us more of the gloriously entertaining comings and goings at 44 Scotland Street, the Edinburgh townhouse. Six-year-old prodigy Bertie perseveres in his heroic struggle for truth and balanced good sense against his insufferable mother and her crony, the psychotherapist Dr Fairbairn, going as far as to make a short-lived bid for freedom on a trip to Paris with the Edinburgh youth orchestra. Domenica sets off on an anthropological odyssey with pirates in the Malacca Straits, while Pat attracts several handsome admirers, including a toothsome suitor named Wolf. And Big Lou, eternal source of coffee and good advice to her friends, has love, heartbreak and erstwhile boyfriend Eddies misdemeanours on her own mind.show more ...
Microbial interactions have a key role in global geochemical cycles. Although we possess significant knowledge about the general biochemical processes occurring in microbial communities, we are often unable to decipher key functions of individual microorganisms within the environment in part owing to the inability to cultivate or study them in isolation. Here, we circumvent this shortcoming through the use of single-cell genome sequencing and a novel low-input metatranscriptomics protocol to reveal the intricate metabolic capabilities and microbial interactions of an alkane-degrading methanogenic community. This methanogenic consortium oxidizes saturated hydrocarbons under anoxic conditions through a thus-far-uncharacterized biochemical process. The genome sequence of a dominant bacterial member of this community, belonging to the genus Smithella, was sequenced and served as the basis for subsequent analysis through metabolic reconstruction. Metatranscriptomic data generated from less than 500 ...
Sultan Hussein Mohamed Shah (b. 1776-d. 5 September 1835, Malacca) or Tengku Long (or Sulong, which means eldest in Malay) or Tengku Hussein, was the eldest son of Sultan Mahmud Shah (b. 1761 - d. 14 January 1811, Lingga), the last Sultan of the Johore-Riau-Lingga empire. As the eldest son, Tengku Hussein was customarily the rightful heir but the throne went instead to his younger brother Tengku Abdul Rahman. Capitalising on the succession dispute, the British reinstated Hussein as the Sultan of Johore as part of their strategy to gain a foothold in the Far East trade routes.
Expression of MEPCE (BCDIN3, FLJ20257, MePCE) in esophagus tissue. Antibody staining with HPA051587 and CAB026384 in immunohistochemistry.
From the Indian point of view, all these Chinese development projects in the region are part of the larger Chinese plan to encircle India. For Indian military analysts and policy makers, the Chinese are everywhere in the region, including the Indian Ocean, which India has traditionally considered as its sphere of influence. The encirclement of India with ports, also known as the string of pearls, can be looked at from another perspective. Chinese are trying to safeguard their national interest and protect its economy. Chinas dependence on imported oil and natural gas has led it to think of possible openings in this part of the world, rather than depending completely on the Malacca Strait for the passage of its vessels. They are trying to protect their back. In case of a future conflict with the US, China does not want the US to be successful in blockading its shipping lane. The reason behind developing ports in the Indian Ocean is to ensure continued oil and energy flow to China. It is wrong ...
Now I try to learn how to create interesting videos. The following is one of my first few attempts to create video with interest. This video was filmed by me at at the 25th Anniversary of the Nonyas and Babas at Malacca in late 2012. There were around 700 participants from Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand and Australia. I am not a Peranakan (Straits-born Chinese adopting the Malay culture), Instead of sitting down with strangers making small talk, I took my camera to the dance floor and tried to do some videos. One video may be of interest to viewers ...
The largest Sikh festival in the world outside Punjab, which commemorates the death anniversary of a revered saint, will be held in the Malaysian state of Malacca next week.
Re: Flower Horn swimming vertically 11/15/06 Thank you for your reply. Is there a need for me to use the Metronidazole and Nitrofuranace? Regards, ,Mmm, no... wont make a difference here... This seems to be entirely a physical/nervous damage injury. Bob Fenner, Sick Flowerhorn 11/15/06 Hi Chuck, Thanks for your reply, but theres nothing stuck in my fishs mouth, and I think its fin rot is back. Its eyes are bulging as well! Any other suggestions? Thanks! Lirong , I think your Flowerhorn has an internal and external infection. Do a 50% water change, vacuum the gravel and clean the filter. Treat the tank with Nitrofuranace and Metronidazole or Clout.-Chuck, Flowerhorn - 10/18/06 Great website and thumbs up to the crew for an excellent job, ,Thanks Ivan, MacL here with you tonight. Sorry for the delay in response., I have a few questions but Ill first tell you more about my Flowerhorn. Ive had him for three years now and always fed him a diet of pellets, small live shrimp and occasionally the ...
This Histri was built automatically but not manually verified. As a consequence, the Histri can be incomplete or can contain errors ...
In a 1998 study, tritium concentrations in surface seawater and atmospheric water vapor (10 meters above the surface) were sampled at the following locations: the Sulu Sea, the Fremantle Bay, the Bay of Bengal, the Penang Bay, and the Strait of Malacca.[38] Results indicated that the tritium concentration in surface seawater was highest at the Fremantle Bay (approximately 0.40 Bq/liter), which could be accredited to the mixing of runoff of freshwater from nearby lands due to large amounts found in coastal waters.[38] Typically, lower concentrations were found between 35 and 45 degrees south latitude and near the equator. Results also indicated that (in general) tritium has decreased over the years (up to 1997) due to the physical decay of bomb tritium in the Indian Ocean. As for water vapor, the tritium concentration was approximately one order of magnitude greater than surface seawater concentrations (ranging from 0.46 to 1.15 Bq/liter).[38] Therefore, the water vapor tritium is not affected by ...
A systematic investigation was conducted to identify factors related to HRQL in COPD patients. Three generic instruments covering basic dimensions of HRQL were supplemented with a disease-specific measure and clinical indicators. Together, these measures examined the effects of COPD on lung function, symptoms, physical function, psychosocial function and emotional status. The presented results show that the measures within each of these groups are highly related internally, but only moderately to poorly between each other. However, an orderly sequence of relationships between these groups of measures can be outlined. Measures of lung function, showed moderate correlations with measures of physical function, small with measures of psychosocial function and nonsignificant correlations with measures of emotional status. This continuum is most evident in the correlation series for FEV1 (table 2⇑) and for MACL (fig. 1⇑). This model of relationships is of importance for guiding the choice of ...
Since ancient times, Southeast Asia has been an important link in the trade routes connecting China with India, Arabia and Europe. Contacts between China and the states of the Malay-Indonesian archipelago were reported as early as the fifth century AD, and Chinese tradespeople began to settle in this region in the 15th century. Chinese communities emerged in the port cities of Java, Sumatra and other islands of the archipelago, and especially along the west coast of the Malay Peninsula, in what would become known as the Straits Settlements: Penang, Malacca and Singapore.This book provides a detailed account of the development of the Straits Chinese social and material culture. The text is illustrated with many historical photographs, and a very large selection of high quality colour plates of architecture, furniture, costumes, beadwork, textiles, embroidery, gold and silver jewellery, domestic objects and ceramics.

The Prokaryotes, Volume 9: Gammaproteobacteria: Eugene Rosenberg, Edward F DeLong, Stephen Lory, Erko Stackebrandt, Fabiano...The Prokaryotes, Volume 9: Gammaproteobacteria: Eugene Rosenberg, Edward F DeLong, Stephen Lory, Erko Stackebrandt, Fabiano...

Alcanivoraceae. - Hahellaceae and Litoricolaceae. - Halomonadaceae. - Pseudomonadaceae. - Moraxellaceae. - Alteromonadaceae. - ...
more infohttps://www.nhbs.com/the-prokaryotes-volume-9-book

Alcanivoracaceae - WikipediaAlcanivoracaceae - Wikipedia

The Alcanivoraceae are a family of Proteobacteria. Cells of the species are rod-shaped. The type genus is Alcanivorax. " ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcanivoracaceae

dict.md | Adict.md | A

Alcanivoraceae. Alcanivorax. Alcanivorax balearicus. Alcanivorax balearicus Rivas et al. 2007. Alcanivorax borkumensis. ...
more infohttp://en.dict.md/A/183

OpenAIRE | Microbes on a Bottle: Substrate, Season and GeograOpenAIRE | Microbes on a Bottle: Substrate, Season and Geogra

A small proportion of taxa, notably, members of the Cryomorphaceae and Alcanivoraceae, were significantly discriminant of PET ...
more infohttps://explore.openaire.eu/search/publication?articleId=dedup_wf_001::649490ef4f574b1c3d02155a5249d6c2

Species browser outputSpecies browser output

Synonym: ALCANIVORACEAE Synonym: ALCANIVORACACEAE CORRIG. GOLYSHIN ET AL. 2005 {ID:224372,} ALCANIVORAX Synonym: ALCANIVORAX ...
more infohttp://pbil.univ-lyon1.fr/cgi-bin/acnuc_sp?nom=OCEANOSPIRILLALES&db=HOGENOM&ident=ACNUC6774

Magill, C.<...Magill, C.<...

My research characterizes molecular and isotopic compositions of sedimentary organic matter as a tool for reconstructing ancient environmental conditions. My current projects utilize carbon and deuterium signatures of biomarkers - the molecular remains of algae and plants - to trace hydroclimate and ecosystem fragmentation in eastern Africa during major junctures in human evolution, ca. 6-to-1 million years ago. In tropical lake systems, deuterium composition of biomarkers reflects local water cycle dynamics, which in turn are sensitive to seasonality, precipitation intensity and monsoon circulation. Carbon isotope compositions are also linked to hydroclimate through the influences of water on plant community composition and structure. Recently, I have become interested in the utility of landscape biomarkers - such as n-alkylresorcinols - preserved in ancient soils towards mapping wetland environments and spatial distributions of water. This quantitative approach to environmental ...
more infohttps://researchportal.hw.ac.uk/en/persons/clayton-magill

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