The type species of gram negative bacteria in the genus ALCALIGENES, found in soil. It is non-pathogenic, non-pigmented, and used for the production of amino acids.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, motile bacteria that occur in water and soil. Some are common inhabitants of the intestinal tract of vertebrates. These bacteria occasionally cause opportunistic infections in humans.
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens and the human intestinal tract. Most strains are nonhemolytic.
A bacterial protein from Pseudomonas, Bordetella, or Alcaligenes which operates as an electron transfer unit associated with the cytochrome chain. The protein has a molecular weight of approximately 16,000, contains a single copper atom, is intensively blue, and has a fluorescence emission band centered at 308nm.
An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of penicillin to penicin and a carboxylic acid anion. EC
A group of enzymes that oxidize diverse nitrogenous substances to yield nitrite. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 1.
A genus of gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore forming rods. Soil and water are regarded as the natural habitat. They are sometimes isolated from a hospital environment and humans.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. It cannot utilize FRUCTOSE; GLUCOSE; or MALTOSE for energy.
A plant genus of the family PRIMULACEAE that contains triterpenoid saponins.
The type species of gram negative, aerobic bacteria in the genus ACHROMOBACTER. Previously in the genus ALCALIGENES, the classification and nomenclature of this species has been frequently emended. The two subspecies, Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans are associated with infections.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, straight rods which are motile by peritrichous flagella. Most strains produce a yellow pigment. This organism is isolated from plant surfaces, seeds, soil, and water, as well as from animals and human wounds, blood, and urine. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
The process by which ELECTRONS are transported from a reduced substrate to molecular OXYGEN. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984, p270)
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Benzoic acid or benzoic acid esters substituted with one or more chlorine atoms.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
An enzyme found in bacteria. It catalyzes the reduction of FERREDOXIN and other substances in the presence of molecular hydrogen and is involved in the electron transport of bacterial photosynthesis.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A genus of free-living soil amoebae that produces no flagellate stage. Its organisms are pathogens for several infections in humans and have been found in the eye, bone, brain, and respiratory tract.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Salts of nitrous acid or compounds containing the group NO2-. The inorganic nitrites of the type MNO2 (where M=metal) are all insoluble, except the alkali nitrites. The organic nitrites may be isomeric, but not identical with the corresponding nitro compounds. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Nitrate reduction process generally mediated by anaerobic bacteria by which nitrogen available to plants is converted to a gaseous form and lost from the soil or water column. It is a part of the nitrogen cycle.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
Stable potassium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element potassium, but differ in atomic weight. K-41 is a stable potassium isotope.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
An antiseptic and disinfectant aromatic alcohol.
Microbial, plant, or animal cells which are immobilized by attachment to solid structures, usually a column matrix. A common use of immobilized cells is in biotechnology for the bioconversion of a substrate to a particular product. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE known for the fruit which is the source of the luffa sponge and the seeds which contain luffin.
A family of gram-negative, coccoid microorganisms, in the order CHLAMYDIALES, pathogenic for vertebrates. Genera include CHLAMYDIA and CHLAMYDOPHILA.
Infections with bacteria of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A DNA amplification technique based upon the ligation of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES. The probes are designed to exactly match two adjacent sequences of a specific target DNA. The chain reaction is repeated in three steps in the presence of excess probe: (1) heat denaturation of double-stranded DNA, (2) annealing of probes to target DNA, and (3) joining of the probes by thermostable DNA ligase. After the reaction is repeated for 20-30 cycles the production of ligated probe is measured.
A selective increase in the number of copies of a gene coding for a specific protein without a proportional increase in other genes. It occurs naturally via the excision of a copy of the repeating sequence from the chromosome and its extrachromosomal replication in a plasmid, or via the production of an RNA transcript of the entire repeating sequence of ribosomal RNA followed by the reverse transcription of the molecule to produce an additional copy of the original DNA sequence. Laboratory techniques have been introduced for inducing disproportional replication by unequal crossing over, uptake of DNA from lysed cells, or generation of extrachromosomal sequences from rolling circle replication.
An order of obligately intracellular, gram-negative bacteria that have the chlamydia-like developmental cycle of replication. This is a two-stage cycle that includes a metabolically inactive infectious form, and a vegetative form that replicates by binary fission. Members of Chlamydiales are disseminated by aerosol or by contact. There are at least six recognized families: CHLAMYDIACEAE, Criblamydiaceae, Parachlamydiaceae, Rhabdochlamydia, Simkaniaceae, and Waddliaceae.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.

Kerstersia gyiorum gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel Alcaligenes faecalis-like organism isolated from human clinical samples, and reclassification of Alcaligenes denitrificans Ruger and Tan 1983 as Achromobacter denitrificans comb. nov. (1/29)

A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on nine isolates recovered from various human clinical samples. Phenotypically, these isolates resembled Alcaligenes faecalis. Whole-cell protein analysis distinguished two different species, and this was confirmed by DNA-DNA hybridizations. Cellular fatty acid analysis and 16S rDNA sequence analysis indicated that these isolates were related to the genera Alcaligenes, Bordetella, Achromobacter and Pigmentiphaga and belonged to the family Alcaligenaceae. On the basis of the results of this study, the organisms were classified in a novel genus, Kerstersia gen. nov. This genus comprises one species, Kerstersia gyiorum sp. nov. (type strain LMG 5906(T)=API 184-2-84(T)=CCUG 47000(T)), and several unnamed isolates. The DNA G+C content of members of the genus Kerstersia is between 61.5 and 62.9 mol%. On the basis of previously published DNA-DNA hybridization results and data from chemotaxonomic studies, it is proposed that Alcaligenes denitrificans Ruger and Tan 1983 be reclassified as Achromobacter denitrificans comb. nov.  (+info)

Side-on copper-nitrosyl coordination by nitrite reductase. (2/29)

A copper-nitrosyl intermediate forms during the catalytic cycle of nitrite reductase, the enzyme that mediates the committed step in bacterial denitrification. The crystal structure of a type 2 copper-nitrosyl complex of nitrite reductase reveals an unprecedented side-on binding mode in which the nitrogen and oxygen atoms are nearly equidistant from the copper cofactor. Comparison of this structure with a refined nitrite-bound crystal structure explains how coordination can change between copper-oxygen and copper-nitrogen during catalysis. The side-on copper-nitrosyl in nitrite reductase expands the possibilities for nitric oxide interactions in copper proteins such as superoxide dismutase and prions.  (+info)

Bacterium-based NO2- biosensor for environmental applications. (3/29)

A sensitive NO2- biosensor that is based on bacterial reduction of NO2- to N2O and subsequent detection of the N2O by a built-in electrochemical N2O sensor was developed. Four different denitrifying organisms lacking NO3- reductase activity were assessed for use in the biosensor. The relevant physiological aspects examined included denitrifying characteristics, growth rate, NO2- tolerance, and temperature and salinity effects on the growth rate. Two organisms were successfully used in the biosensor. The preferred organism was Stenotrophomonas nitritireducens, which is an organism with a denitrifying pathway deficient in both NO3- and N2O reductases. Alternatively Alcaligenes faecalis could be used when acetylene was added to inhibit its N2O reductase. The macroscale biosensors constructed exhibited a linear NO2- response at concentrations up to 1 to 2 mM. The detection limit was around 1 microM NO2-, and the 90% response time was 0.5 to 3 min. The sensor signal was specific for NO2-, and interference was observed only with NH2OH, NO, N2O, and H2S. The sensor signal was affected by changes in temperature and salinity, and calibration had to be performed in a system with a temperature and an ionic strength comparable to those of the medium analyzed. A broad range of water bodies could be analyzed with the biosensor, including freshwater systems, marine systems, and oxic-anoxic wastewaters. The NO2- biosensor was successfully used for long-term online monitoring in wastewater. Microscale versions of the NO2- biosensor were constructed and used to measure NO2- profiles in marine sediment.  (+info)

Genetic diversity and horizontal transfer of genes involved in oxidation of reduced phosphorus compounds by Alcaligenes faecalis WM2072. (4/29)

Enrichment was performed to isolate organisms that could utilize reduced phosphorus compounds as their sole phosphorus sources. One isolate that grew well with either hypophosphite or phosphite was identified by 16S rRNA gene analysis as a strain of Alcaligenes faecalis. The genes required for oxidation of hypophosphite and phosphite by this organism were identified by using transposon mutagenesis and include homologs of the ptxD and htxA genes of Pseudomonas stutzeri WM88, which encode an NAD-dependent phosphite dehydrogenase (PtxD) and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent hypophosphite dioxygenase (HtxA). This organism also has the htxB, htxC, and htxD genes that comprise an ABC-type transporter, presumably for hypophosphite and phosphite transport. The role of these genes in reduced phosphorus metabolism was confirmed by analyzing the growth of mutants in which these genes were deleted. Sequencing data showed that htxA, htxB, htxC, and htxD are virtually identical to their homologs in P. stutzeri at the DNA level, indicating that horizontal gene transfer occurred. However, A. faecalis ptxD is very different from its P. stutzeri homolog and represents a new ptxD lineage. Therefore, this gene has ancient evolutionary roots in bacteria. These data suggest that there is strong evolutionary selection for the ability of microorganisms to oxidize hypophosphite and phosphite.  (+info)

Tn5393d, a complex Tn5393 derivative carrying the PER-1 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase gene and other resistance determinants. (5/29)

In Alcaligenes faecalis FL-424/98, a clinical isolate that produces the PER-1 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase, the bla(PER-1) gene was found to be carried on a 44-kb nonconjugative plasmid, named pFL424, that was transferred to Escherichia coli by electroporation. Investigation of the genetic context of the bla(PER-1) gene in pFL424 by means of a combined cloning and PCR mapping approach revealed that the gene is associated with a transposonlike element of the Tn3 family. This 14-kb element is a Tn5393 derivative of original structure, named Tn5393d, which contains the transposition module and the strAB genes typical of other members of the Tn5393 lineage plus additional resistance determinants, including the bla(PER-1) gene and a new allelic variant of the aphA6 aminoglycoside phosphotransferase gene, named aphA6b, whose product is active against kanamycin, streptomycin, and amikacin. Tn5393d apparently originated from the consecutive insertion of two composite transposons into a Tn5393 backbone carrying the aphA6b and the bla(PER-1) genes, respectively. The putative composite transposon carrying bla(PER-1), named Tn4176, is made of two original and nonidentical insertion sequences of the IS4 family, named IS1387a and IS1387b, of which one is interrupted by the insertion of an original insertion sequence of the IS30 family, named IS1066. In pFL424, Tn5393d is inserted into a Tn501-like mercury resistance transposon. Transposition of Tn5393d or modules thereof containing the bla(PER-1) gene from pFL424 to small multicopy plasmids or to a bacterial artificial chromosome was not detected in an E. coli host harboring both replicons.  (+info)

Calorimetric and spectroscopic investigations of the thermal denaturation of wild type nitrite reductase. (6/29)

Nitrite reductase (NiR) is a multicopper protein, with a trimeric structure containing two types of copper site: type 1 is present in each subunit whereas type 2 is localized at the subunits interface. The paper reports on the thermal behaviour of wild type NiR from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6. The temperature-induced changes of the copper centres are characterized by optical spectroscopy and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and by establishing the thermal stability by differential scanning calorimetry. The calorimetric profile of the enzyme shows a single endothermic peak with maximum heat absorption at T(m) approximately 100 degrees C, revealing an exceptional thermal stability. The thermal transition is irreversible and the scan rate dependence of the calorimetric trace indicates that the denaturation of NiR is kinetically controlled. The divergence of the activation energy values determined by different methods is used as a criterion for the inapplicability of the one-step irreversible model. The best fit of the DSC profiles is obtained when the classical Lumry-Eyring model, N<-->U-->F, is considered. The simulation results indicate that the irreversible step prevails on the reversible one. Moreover, it is found that the conformational changes within the type-1 copper environments precede the denaturation of the whole protein. No evidence of protein dissociation within the temperature range investigated was observed.  (+info)

Characteristics of ammonium removal by heterotrophic nitrification-aerobic denitrification by Alcaligenes faecalis No. 4. (7/29)

Alcaligenes faecalis no. 4 has heterotrophic nitrification and aerobic denitrification abilities. By taking the nitrogen balance under different culture conditions, 40-50% of removed NH4+-N was denitrified and about one-half of removed NH4+-N was converted to intracellular nitrogen. The maximum ammonium removal rate of no. 4 (28.9 mg-N/l/h) and its denitrification rate at high-strength NH4+-N of about 1200 ppm in aerated batch experiments at a C/N ratio of 10 were 5-40 times higher than those of other bacteria with the same ability. Only a few percent of the removed ammonium was converted to nitrite, and the main denitrification process was speculated to be via hydroxylamine which was produced by ammonium oxidation.  (+info)

Tryptophan tryptophylquinone cofactor biogenesis in the aromatic amine dehydrogenase of Alcaligenes faecalis. Cofactor assembly and catalytic properties of recombinant enzyme expressed in Paracoccus denitrificans. (8/29)

The heterologous expression of tryptophan trytophylquinone (TTQ)-dependent aromatic amine dehydrogenase (AADH) has been achieved in Paracoccus denitrificans. The aauBEDA genes and orf-2 from the aromatic amine utilization (aau) gene cluster of Alcaligenes faecalis were placed under the regulatory control of the mauF promoter from P. denitrificans and introduced into P. denitrificans using a broad-host-range vector. The physical, spectroscopic and kinetic properties of the recombinant AADH were indistinguishable from those of the native enzyme isolated from A. faecalis. TTQ biogenesis in recombinant AADH is functional despite the lack of analogues in the cloned aau gene cluster for mauF, mauG, mauL, mauM and mauN that are found in the methylamine utilization (mau) gene cluster of a number of methylotrophic organisms. Steady-state reaction profiles for recombinant AADH as a function of substrate concentration differed between 'fast' (tryptamine) and 'slow' (benzylamine) substrates, owing to a lack of inhibition by benzylamine at high substrate concentrations. A deflated and temperature-dependent kinetic isotope effect indicated that C-H/C-D bond breakage is only partially rate-limiting in steady-state reactions with benzylamine. Stopped-flow studies of the reductive half-reaction of recombinant AADH with benzylamine demonstrated that the KIE is elevated over the value observed in steady-state turnover and is independent of temperature, consistent with (a) previously reported studies with native AADH and (b) breakage of the substrate C-H bond by quantum mechanical tunnelling. The limiting rate constant (k(lim)) for TTQ reduction is controlled by a single ionization with pK(a) value of 6.0, with maximum activity realized in the alkaline region. Two kinetically influential ionizations were identified in plots of k(lim)/K(d) of pK(a) values 7.1 and 9.3, again with the maximum value realized in the alkaline region. The potential origin of these kinetically influential ionizations is discussed.  (+info)

Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis ATCC ® 35655™ Designation: LRA 41 02 82 TypeStrain=False Application: Quality control strain Quality control strain for API products
Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis ATCC ® 8750™ Designation: 16 TypeStrain=True Application: Produces nitrilase Quality control strain Quality control strain for Autobac products
Biological degradation of phenol by Alcaligenes faecalis with high biodegradation activity and high tolerance was investigated at 25C. Phenol could be utilized by the bacteria as the sole carbon and energy sources. The cell growth and substrate degradation of phenol as single substrates for Alcaligenes faecalis in batch cultures (shaking flasks) were investigated at different initial phenol concentrations. Phenol was observed to be an inhibitory compound. Particularly, when free cells grew on a high concentration of phenol, substrate inhibition was observed and the higher the concentration of phenol, the longer was the lag period. The lag time and whole required time for phenol biodegradation was considerably decreased by immobilized cells due to improvement of cells resistance against high Phenol concentration by cell immobilization compared to free cells. Required time for completely degrade initial phenol of 700 and 1000 ppm by free and immobilized cells is 56, 101 and 35, 72 hours ...
Drinking water treatment plants based on groundwater may suffer from incomplete ammonium removal, which deteriorates drinking water quality.
Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about Biochemical Journal.. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address.. ...
strict aerobe by thioglyoclate test, negative carb fermentation, positive citrate, negative indole, positive urease, catalase positive, gram negative rod,positive decarboxylation tests......I think I have Alcaligenes faecalis or pseudomonas aerugenosa. Motility was positive from the deep stab. I think my test results match those organism except for the positive urease ...
Chemie Int. Ed., 2012. 51: p. 3696-3972. [3] Mélanie Hall and Andreas S. Bommarius. Enantioenriched compounds via enzyme-catalyzed ...
1J9R: Alternate substrate binding modes to two mutant (D98N and H255N) forms of nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6: structural model of a transient catalytic intermediate
Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology,. Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience,. Engineered Biosystems Building, 950 Atlantic Drive N.W., GA 30322, USA. #School of Chemistry ...
At present, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) up to 49% is permitted in an Indian Joint Venture Company for setting up hardware, Up-linking HUB or Teleports and complying with guidelines of GOI and Ministry of Information and Broadcasting for Up-linking and broadcasting. India Government, Public Sector Mulla & Mulla & Craigie Blunt & Caroe 25 Jan 2006
Recently, the structure of a Cu-containing nitrite reductase (NiR) from Hyphomicrobium denitrificans (HdNiR) has been reported, establishing the existence of a new family of Cu-NiR where an additional
1l9s: Directing the mode of nitrite binding to a copper-containing nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6: characterization of an active site isoleucine.
1ET7: Catalytic roles for two water bridged residues (Asp-98 and His-255) in the active site of copper-containing nitrite reductase.
The SCOP classification for the Quinohemoprotein amine dehydrogenase A chain, domain 3 superfamily including the families contained in it. Additional information provided includes InterPro annotation (if available), Functional annotation, and SUPERFAMILY links to genome assignments, alignments, domain combinations, taxonomic visualisation and hidden Markov model information.
The mechanism of the enzymatic degradation of poly([R]-3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) was investigated by using well-defined model substrates, including both linear and cyclic [R]-3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and [R]-3-hydroxyvalerate (3HV) oligomers, with two different PHB depolymerases. The linear and cyclic oligomers containing from 2 to 10 repeating units were hydrolyzed in solutions of the depolymerase isolated from Aspergillus fumigatus and Alcaligenes faecalis, and the rates of hydrolysis and types of products formed were characterized. Both of the depolymerases catalyzed the hydrolysis of the cyclic oligomers (macrolides) which contained more than three 3HB and 3HV repeating units. The degradation reactions of the linear and cyclic 3HB oligomers with the A. fumigatus depolymerase gave similar ratios of monomer-to-dimer products, but PHB itself formed mostly monomer on hydrolysis, indicating that the enzymatic hydrolysis reactions occurred by different mechanisms for these different types of ...
Phosphorus Compounds Inorganic Basic Chemicals: Producer of phosphate products in China. Products include labile calcium phosphate and food-grade tricalcium phosphate, as well as the salts of boron, magnesium, zinc, aluminum,
Reference: Raiskina M.E., Metabolism of macro-energy phosphorus compounds in the heart, Voprosy meditsinskoi khimii, 1959, vol: 5(2), 83-97 ...
Chemistry of Plant Phosphorus Compounds è un libro in lingua di Frank Arlen W. pubblicato da Elsevier Science Ltd nella collana Elsevier Science Ltd (Hardcover) - ISBN: 9780124071940
In a BIM for a mononuclear centre, the central atom (metal) is written first, followed by the endogenous ligands (amino acid residues), and then the exogenous ligands, e.g. water. If the ligating atom needs to be indicated to avoid ambiguity, the symbol for this is separated from the ligand symbol by a dot, e.g. NE.His stands for the Nε atom of a His residue. This is a simplistic description that does not take into account the stereochemistry at the metal atom. The polyhedral symbol is not mandatory for it may be unknown. It also does not make sense for polynuclear metal centres (see below).. Example 4.1 in Table 4 shows a mononuclear centre found in the blue copper protein azurin. In this centre, one copper atom is coordinated by the Nδ atoms of two His residues, one mainchain oxygen derived from Gly, one Sδ atom of a Met residue and one Sγ atom of a Cys residue. The coordination geometry is trigonal bipyramidal (TBPY-5; the polyhedral symbols used are as in Table S3 in Additional file ...
The bacterial redox protein azurin has been shown to be able to enter into cancer cells and induce apoptosis by stabilizing p53. Although the formation of a complex between the two proteins has been demonstrated, little is known about their binding ...
Fryzuk, M. D. ; Johnson, S. A. ; Patrick, B. O. ; Albinati, A. ; Mason, S. A. ; Koetzle, T. F. New Mode Of Coordination For The Dinitrogen Ligand: Formation, Bonding, And Reactivity Of A Tantalum Complex With A Bridging N-2 Unit That Is Both Side-On And End-On. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2001, 123, 3960-3973. ...
Informacija apie visus Lietuvos vaistinėse pardavinėjamus vaistus, maisto papildus, medicinines prekes bei visas Lietuvos vaistinių tinklų akcijas.
Members of the Acidovorax genus are frequently encountered in association with PAH degradation, notably that of phenanthrene, but prior to this work little was known of the underlying genetic determinants behind the phenotype. The particular Acidovorax strain used in this study has genes very similar in sequence and arrangement to those in Alcaligenes faecalis AFK2, and the initial dioxygenase sequence is also highly similar to those in several Burkholderia strains, although not to that of Burkholderia sp. strain RP007. These observations suggest that this particular genotype may be widespread among some PAH-degrading members of the order Burkholderiales.. Unfortunately for comparative purposes, while the genes determined in this study bear significant resemblance to the Alcaligenes faecalis AFK2 sequences deposited in GenBank, there does not appear to be a publication associated with the entry (GenBank accession number AB024945). However, other previously published research on AFK2 revealed the ...
TWENTY FIVE Aspergillus isolates were screened from Giza Governorate and Saint Catherine Protectorate soils in Egypt. The antimicrobial activity of the crude extracts was tested against two Gram positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis NRRL-B-4219, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC29213), four Gram negative bacteria (Alcaligenes faecalis B-170, Escherichia coli ATCC25922, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC10131, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC27953), and one yeast (Candida albicans ATCC10231). The antioxidant activity using free radical scavenging model was assayed for the crude extracts. The antitumor activity for all of crude extracts was determined against HCT116 (Colon carcinoma cell line), HEPG2 (Liver carcinoma cell line), and MCF-7 (Breast carcinoma cell line). Aspergillus nomius was the most potent fungal species accordingly, it was chosen for bioactivity assay. Identification of this species was further confirmed at the molecular level based on nuclear ribosomal DNA 18s identities. An accession number, LC199488, was
The Tg2576 mouse, which carries the Swedish mutant form of human beta-amyloid precursor protein (hAPP(swe)), develops Alzheimers Disease (AD)-like phenotype (synaptic pathology, cognitive impairment and beta amyloid -A beta-plaques.) in the absence of significant neuronal loss. We have analyzed the hippocampal proteome of Tg2576, focusing on changes at 7 months of age, when A beta levels begin to increase but cognitive symptoms are still not evident, and at 16 months, when most AD-like features are manifested. Proteins differentially expressed with respect to wild-type animals were grouped according to their biological function and assessed in the context of AD. Metabolic enzymes, propionyl-CoA carboxylase, which has not been previously related to AD, and glutamine synthetase, which is a key enzyme for ammonium removal, were among deregulated proteins. Mitochondria of young animals have to cope with the metabolic stress and elevated ATP demand caused by overexpression of hAPP(swe). ...
Biochemists at the University of Georgia have discovered an unusual phosphorus-containing compound in an extreme heat-loving bacterium -- a discovery that will advance thinking about how life exists near the boiling point in underwater volcanic vents
The WikiPremed MCAT Course is an open access, comprehensive learning program for college physics, chemistry, biology, and organic chemistry within a unified, spiraling curriculum.
Role of arginine residues of D-aminoacylase from Alcaligenes xylosoxydans subsp. xylosoxydans A-6.: To investigate the role of arginine in the folding of d-amin
A method for depositing copper on a titanium-containing surface of a substrate is provided. The method includes forming a patterned catalyst material on the substrate, such that the titanium-containing surface is exposed in selected regions. The catalyst material has an oxidation half-reaction potential having a magnitude that is greater than a magnitude of a reduction half-reaction potential of titanium dioxide. Copper is then deposited from an electroless solution onto the exposed regions of the titanium-containing surface.
We havent talked much yet about properly balancing half-reactions, but I know that there are a lot more steps involved, such as adding H2O to balance any oxygens and adding H+ to balance any hydrogens. The number of electrons you add should be to properly balance the charges on both sides, and yes the number of electrons for each half-reaction should equal each other (you can multiply one half-reaction by a certain factor to get them to equal each other) so that they cancel out. Prof Lavelle might discuss this further (or not!) so I wouldnt worry too much about it ...
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Special guest DJ Pioneer joins us for Part II of MC Kie Presents on GetDarkerTV, alongside live Sax from CJ Turner & Bongo Ben on the drums. […]. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A comparison of the mechanism for the reductive half-reaction between pea seedling and other copper amine oxidases (CAOs). AU - Prabhakar, Rajeev. AU - Siegbahn, Per E.M.. PY - 2003/7/30. Y1 - 2003/7/30. N2 - In a previous DFT study a mechanism for the reductive half-reaction of pea seedling amine oxidase (PSAO) was suggested. In many of the suggested steps a lysine at the active site plays an important role. However, this lysine is not found in other amine oxidases. The primary aim of the present DFT study is therefore to investigate alternative mechanisms for those amine oxidases (CAO) where the lysine residue is not present. One of the most important roles suggested for the lysine in PSAO was to protonate the O2-site of TPQ before the critical C-H bond cleavage of the substrate. In the absence of lysine the O2-site of TPQ is now suggested to be protonated by a water ligand on the copper metal complex, in line with experimental suggestions. In other steps the role of lysine is ...
Content is to be added here. Family GH128 contains b-1,3-glucanases that cleave b-1,3 linkages in various b-glucans such as lentinan from Lentinula edodes, laminarin from Laminaria digitata, pachyman from Poria cocos and curdlan from Alcaligenes faecalis. The first GH128 enzyme, GLU1, was cloned from L. edodes fruiting bodies (shiitake mushroom). GLU1 did not degrade b-1,3-linkages within b-1,3-1,4-glucans such as barley glucan, indicating the enzyme is categorized into EC [1]. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Susceptibilities of enterococci to twelve antibiotics. AU - Tofte, R. W.. AU - Solliday, J. A.. AU - Crossley, K. B.. PY - 1984. Y1 - 1984. N2 - The susceptibilities of 347 urine isolates of enterococci (Streptococcus faecalis, 44%; S. faecalis subsp. zymogenes, 37%; S. faecalis subsp. liquefaciens, 19%) to ampicillin, azlocillin, mezlocillin, piperacillin, vancomycin, gentamicin, erythromycin, rosaramicin, rifampin, rifampin plus trimethoprim (1:4), trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (1:20), and chloramphenicol were determined by the agar dilution technique. There were no significant differences in susceptibility to individual agents among the subspecies of S. faecalis. Azlocillin and mezlocillin (MIC for 90% of isolates, 0.78 μg/ml) and piperacillin, ampicillin and vancomycin (MIC for 90% of isolates, 1.56 μg/ml) were the most active agents and were significantly more potent than the other reference antibiotics tested.. AB - The susceptibilities of 347 urine isolates of ...
It is generally assumed that tethering enhances rates of electron harvesting and delivery to active sites in multidomain enzymes by proximity and sampling mechanisms. Here, we explore this idea in a tethered 3-domain, trimeric copper-containing nitrite reductase. By reverse engineering, we find that …
An electroconductive polymer composition of the invention contains a conductive polymer and a trivalent phosphorus compound. The trivalent phosphorus compound is preferably a compound represented by
UCL Discovery is UCLs open access repository, showcasing and providing access to UCL research outputs from all UCL disciplines.
Phosphorus(V) oxide, 99.99%, Alfa Aesar™ 500g Phosphorus(V) oxide, 99.99%, Alfa Aesar™ Inorganic Phosphorus Compounds
Looking for online definition of Achromobacter xylosoxidans in the Medical Dictionary? Achromobacter xylosoxidans explanation free. What is Achromobacter xylosoxidans? Meaning of Achromobacter xylosoxidans medical term. What does Achromobacter xylosoxidans mean?
The oxidation and exchange reactions of simple phosphorus compounds and the behaviour of a range of low valent triphenylphosphine complexes of the transition metals in liquid hydrogen chloride at room temperature were studied by (^31)P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. When oxidation did occur, the phosphorus was oxidised from the +3 to the +5 oxidation state. In general, five co-ordinate fluorine containing phosphorus(V) species were produced from the oxidation of phosphorus(III) fluoride and four co-ordinate species of type PBr(_x)C1(_4-x)(^+) (O ≤ x ≤ 4) from the oxidation of phosphorus(ill) bromide or chloride. The (^31)P n.m.r. chemical shifts of the complete series PBr(_x)C1(_4-x)(^+) (O ≤ x ≤ 4) were recorded in solution for the first time, stabilised by tetrachloroborate anions in liquid hydrogen chloride. The protonation of a series of oxygen containing phosphorus (V) compounds in the solvent at room temperature was investigated using P n.m.r. spectroscopy. A measure of ...
penicillin G acylase, alpha-subunitpenicillin G acylase, beta-subunit4-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)-1-PIPERAZINE ETHANESULFONIC ACIDCALCIUM IONGLYCEROL
Today industrial development trends are toward smaller, hotter, more compact and overloaded hydraulic systems with high power transfer requirements. This results in significantly extending the severity of operation of hydraulic equipment. Vanderbilt Chemicals, LLC offers a broad range of antioxidants, corrosion inhibitors, antiwear and extreme pressure additives to lubricate the critical hydraulic system components such as pump, control valves, motor / actuators. We also offer excellent friction reducers and antiwear to reduce friction and prevent wear of sliding vane, piston or gear pumps.
Alcaligenes Polysaccharides are manufactured by Hakuto under the tradename Alcasealan, and probably distributed in Europe by Nagase. It is described as a natural polysaccharides produced from fermentation. The polymer chain of Alcasealan forms a three-dimension network to hold free water as well as binding it. This 3D network has a unique characteristic which forms a moisturising film on the skin with unique lightweight texture. Alcasealan is widely used as emulsion and dispersion stabiliser; it also helps to suspense powders and glitters in cosmetics formulations. ...
Next-day shipping cDNA ORF clones derived from AT5G28350 Quinoprotein amine dehydrogenase, beta chain-like; RIC1-like guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor available at GenScript, starting from $99.00.
Sabale S. S.*, Koli A.D., Marathe R. J. and Phatake Y. B.. ABSTRACT. The secondary metabolites from microorganisms play a vital role in developing new chemotherapeutics. Microorganisms especially bacteria produce different secondary metabolites which had proved to be one of the most important source of lead compounds. In the present study potent azurin producing bacteria were isolated and screen from from three soil samples (Maharashtra, India) and identified by morphological, biochemical and molecular method (16s r DNA) as Pseudomonas aeruginosa which produce a biologically active protein azurin, that has array of bioactivities. The produced azurin was extracted and qualitatively characterized by using conventional and modern analytical methods. The spectroscopic study shows lambda max of produced protein as 225nm. Finally the production process of azurin was optimized by classical method. The selected strain of bacteria produces maximum azurin in selective media-I containing yeast extract and ...
Principal Investigator:HIRAMATSU Osamu, Project Period (FY):1994 - 1995, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Developmental Scientific Research (B), Research Field:Biomedical engineering/Biological material science
PER-22 was intended to be a tool to help auditors in transfer pricing audits but has in fact led to an overcomplicated and burdensome process.
Achromobacter xylosoxidans (formerly Alcaligenes xylosoxidans) is a Gram-negative, aerobic, oxidase and catalase-positive, motile bacterium with peritrichous flagella, from the genus Achromobacter. It is generally found in wet environments. Achromobacter xylosoxidans can cause infections such as bacteremia, especially in patients with cystic fibrosis. In 2013, the complete genome of an A. xylosoxidans strain from a patient with cystic fibrosis was sequenced. A. xylosoxidans is a Gram-negative rod that does not form spores. It is motile, with peritrichous flagella that distinguish it from Pseudomonas species, and is oxidase-positive, catalase-positive, and citrate-positive. It is urease and indole-negative. It produces acid oxidatively from xylose, but not from lactose, maltose, mannitol, or sucrose. It grows well on MacConkey agar and other inhibitory growth media such as deoxycholate, Salmonella-Shigella, and nalidixic acid-cetrimide agars. It is usually resistant to a variety of antibiotics ...
Shared Genotypes of Achromobacter xylosoxidans Strains Isolated from Patients at a Cystic Fibrosis Rehabilitation Center: During a study examining transmission
Creation of new shapes/designs and materials of construction in the metal working process often results in high friction, high temperature and tool wear. Vanderbilt Chemicals, LLC provides specialized additives to meet these new demands being placed on the metalworking lubricant. Our range of high performance corrosion inhibitors can minimize the ferrous and non-ferrous alloys corrosion by water. We also offer a wide range of extreme pressure, friction reducer and antiwear additives to enhance lubricity and extreme pressure performance and thereby reduce friction and wear between cutting tool and work piece.
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Pantoea agglomerans HsvG protein: hsv - host-specific virulence factor; isolated from Erwinia herbicola; amino acid sequence in first source; GenBank U61275
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
InterPro provides functional analysis of proteins by classifying them into families and predicting domains and important sites. We combine protein signatures from a number of member databases into a single searchable resource, capitalising on their individual strengths to produce a powerful integrated database and diagnostic tool.
This is a water gelling agent made from a Gram-negative bacteria, similar to xanthan gum.. A 0.001% concentration can thicken up a product quite nicely, which is good because it costs more than $10 000 for a kilo.. Beyond thickening water, it also has moisturizing properties, similar to hyaluronic acid.. Is it better or worth the money? Im not sure - but if the popularity of this ingredient increases, the cost will go down. Much of the cost is the low yield from production. You can read more about how its produced here.. Japanese and Korean suppliers tend to have many unique and interesting raw materials, from my experience.. Its found in a few commercial products, which are very luxury and expensive (as is to be expected).. ...
Alcaligenes faecalis var. myxogenes, Sinorhizobium meliloti) xanthan (Xanthomonas campestris) welan (Alcaligenes spp.) ... Alcaligenes faecalis var. myxogenes) cyclosophorans (Agrobacterium spp., Rhizobium spp. and Xanthomonas spp.) dextran ( ... Alcaligenes viscosus, Zymomonas mobilis, Bacillus subtilis) pullulan (Aureobasidium pullulans) scleroglucan (Sclerotium rolfsii ...
... blue copper protein from Alcaligenes faecalis; cupredoxin (CPC) from Cucumis sativus (Cucumber) peelings; cusacyanin (basic ...
Basharat Z, Yasmin A, He T, Tong Y (2018). "Genome sequencing and analysis of Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. phenolicus MB207". ... Open pan-genome has been observed in environmental isolates such as Alcaligenes sp. and Serratia sp., showing a sympatric ...
Hiatt, Howard H; Horecker, B L (13 October 1955). "D-erythrose metabolism in a strain of Alcaligenes faecalis". Journal of ...
It was reported to be produced by Alcaligenes faecalis var. myxogenes. Subsequently, the taxonomy of this non-pathogenic ... Production by a Mutant of Alcaligenes faecalis var myxogenes in Defined Medium". Agric Biol Chem. 30: 764-769. doi:10.1271/ ...
Mauger J, Nagasawa T, Yamada H (1990). "Occurrence of a novel nitrilase, arylacetonitrilase, in Alcaligenes faecalis JM3". Arch ... Nagasawa T, Mauger J, Yamada H (1990). "A novel nitrilase, arylacetonitrilase, of Alcaligenes faecalis JM3 Purification and ...
Acidovorax faecalis, Aspergillus fumigatus and Variovorax paradoxus are soil microbes capable of degradation. Alcaligenes ... faecalis, Pseudomonas, and Illyobacter delafieldi, are obtained from anaerobic sludge. Comamonas testosteroni and Pseudomonas ...
... mandelic acid from mandelonitrile by Alcaligenes faecalis ATCC 8750". Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57 (10): 3028-32. PMC 183915. ...
"Purification and properties of cis-phenanthrene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase in Alcaligenes faecalis AFK2". Agric. Biol. Chem. 52 ...
... has been utilized by multiple bacteria species, including Pseudomonas fluorescens, Alcaligenes faecalis, ... "Gene cloning and characterization of maleate cis-trans isomerase from Alcaligenes faecalis". Biochemical and Biophysical ... In a study using Pseudomonas alcaligenes XD-1, conversion rate from maleic acid into fumaric acid could be achieved as high as ... "Improvement of production rate and yield of fumaric acid from maleic acid by heat treatment of Pseudomonas alcaligenes strain ...
Acidovorax faecalis, Aspergillus fumigatus and Variovorax paradoxus have been found in soil, Alcaligenes faecalis, Pseudomonas ... Some of these microbes such as Alcaligenes faecalis AE122, can utilize this reaction to attain its sole source of carbon. As ... Among the most studied, Alcaligenes faecalis, uses this depolymerase to metabolize Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), breaking it down ... depolymerase from Alcaligenes faecalis T1". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects. 880 (1): 46-53. doi:10.1016 ...
Ellis PJ, Conrads T, Hille R, Kuhn P (2001). "Crystal structure of the 100 kDa arsenite oxidase from Alcaligenes faecalis in ... Anderson GL, Williams J, Hille R (1992). "The purification and characterization of arsenite oxidase from Alcaligenes faecalis, ...
succinoglycan (Alcaligenes faecalis var myxogenes, Sinorhizobium meliloti). *xanthan (Xanthomonas campestris). *welan ( ...
"Crystal structure of an electron transfer complex between aromatic amine dehydrogenase and azurin from Alcaligenes faecalis". ...
Apr 1999). "Classification of Alcaligenes faecalis-like isolates from the environment and human clinical samples as Ralstonia ...
"Isolation and some properties of NAD-linked 2-carboxybenzaldehyde dehydrogenase in Alcaligenes faecalis AFK 2 grown on ...
Alcaligenes faecalis, Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Flavobacterium suaveolens, Leuconostoc mesenteroides ssp. ...
... organisms identified as having these genes include Alcaligenes faecalis, Alcaligenes xylosoxidans, many in the genus ...
nov., a novel Alcaligenes faecalis-like organism isolated from human clinical samples, and reclassification of Alcaligenes ...
... and Alcaligenes faecalis, which also produce (1→3)β-D-glucan. This test can aid in the detection of Aspergillus, Candida, and ...
X-ray structure of Rieske subunit of arsenite oxidase from Alcaligenes faecalis PDB: 2I7F​ - X-ray structure of the ...
Alcaligenes MeSH B03.440.400.425.117.050.200 - Alcaligenes faecalis MeSH B03.440.400.425.117.075 - Bordetella MeSH B03.440. ... Alcaligenes MeSH B03.660. - Alcaligenes faecalis MeSH B03.660.075.027.075 - Bordetella MeSH B03.660.075.027. ... Enterococcus faecalis MeSH B03.510.400.800.280.300 - Enterococcus faecium MeSH B03.510.400.800.500 - Lactococcus MeSH B03.510. ... Pseudomonas alcaligenes MeSH B03.660.250.580.590.210 - Pseudomonas fluorescens MeSH B03.660.250.580.590.230 - Pseudomonas fragi ...
Strains of Alcaligenes (such as A. faecalis) are found mostly in the intestinal tracts of vertebrates, decaying materials, ... Kavuncuoglu, F.; Unal, A.; Oguzhan, N.; Tokgoz, B.; Oymak, O.; Utas, C. (2010). "First Reported Case of Alcaligenes Faecalis ... Alcaligenes faecalis causes nosocomial sepsis, arising from contaminated hemodialysis or intravenous fluid, in ... The name Alcaligenes has its origin in Arabic and Greek and means "alkali-producing". It was named in 1919. "Alcaligenes - ...
"Alcaligenes faecalis". Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. "Achromobacter denitrificans". DSMZ ... doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02609-0. PMID 14657111.[permanent dead link] "SPECIES Alcaligenes faecalis". UniProt. Georg M. Garrity. Sc.D ... Alcaligenes denitrificans is a Gram-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, strictly aerobic, motile bacterium with ... denitrificans). "Genus Alcaligenes". LPSN. List of prokaryotic names with standing in nomenclature (LSPN). Retrieved 2013-07-20 ...
... faecalis: A. faecalis parafaecalis. In 2005, a second subspecies of A. faecalis was described: A. faecalis phenolicus. A. ... Alcaligenes faecalis is a species of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria commonly found in the environment. It was originally ... A. faecalis was first described in 1919 by Castellani and Chalmers. In 2001, previously unidentified isolates of Alcaligenes ... Type strain of Alcaligenes faecalis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase v t e. ...
Alcaligenes faecalis, Pseudomonas, and Illyobacter delafieldi, are obtained from anaerobic sludge. Comamonas testosteroni and ... Pseudomonas lemoigne, Comamonas sp. Acidovorax faecalis, Aspergillus fumigatus and Variovorax paradoxus are soil microbes ...
Bacteria which give negative results for the indole test include: Actinobacillus spp., Aeromonas salmonicida, Alcaligenes sp., ... Enterococcus faecalis, Vibrio sp., and Lactobacillus reuteri. ...
... and Alcaligenes faecalis, which also produce (1→3)β-D-glucan.[25] This test can aid in the detection of Aspergillus, Candida, ...
... faecalis: A. faecalis parafaecalis. In 2005, a second subspecies of A. faecalis was described: A. faecalis phenolicus. A. ... Alcaligenes faecalis is a species of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria commonly found in the environment. It was originally ... A. faecalis was first described in 1919 by Castellani and Chalmers. In 2001, previously unidentified isolates of Alcaligenes ... Type strain of Alcaligenes faecalis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase v t e. ...
faecalis ATCC ® 8750™ Designation: 16 TypeStrain=True Application: Produces nitrilase Quality control strain Quality control ... Alcaligenes faecalis 5S rRNA, partial sequence. Nucleotide (GenBank) : X05518 Alcaligenes faecalis (ATCC 8750) 5S ribosomal RNA ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 8750™) Strain Designations: 16 [NCIB 8156] / Type Strain: ... Genomic DNA from Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis strain 16 [ATCC® 8750™] (ATCC® 8750D-5™) Add to ...
faecalis ATCC ® 35655-MINI-PACK™ Designation: LRA 41 02 82 TypeStrain=False Application: ATCC ® 35655-MINI-PACK™ consists of 6 ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers ATCC® 35655-MINI-PACK™ frozen 6 ready-to-use vials of ATCC® 35655 ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 35655-MINI-PACK™) Strain Designations: LRA 41 02 82 / Type ...
faecalis ATCC ® 35655™ Designation: LRA 41 02 82 TypeStrain=False Application: Quality control strain Quality control strain ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 35655™) Strain Designations: LRA 41 02 82 / Type Strain: no ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 35655-MINI-PACK™) Add to ...
This bacterium was named ,i,Alcaligenes faecalis,/i, strain MOR02. Microscopic analyses revealed that the bacteria are located ... faecalis,/i, MOR02 killed more than 70% ,i,G. mellonella,/i, larvae 96 h after injection. A correlation of experimental data ... "Draft genome sequence of Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis NCIB 8687 (CCUG 2071)," Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 194, no. 18 ... 16S rRNA gene phylogeny of 24 Alcaligenes spp., including A. defragrans, A. xylosoxidans, and several substrains of A. faecalis ...
Jin-Feng Zhang, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Yu-Guo Zheng, Improvement of nitrilase production from a newly isolated Alcaligenes faecalis ... A novel synthesis of iminodiacetic acid: Biocatalysis by whole Alcaligenes faecalis ZJB-09133 cells from iminodiacetonitrile. ... and later named Alcaligenes faecalis ZJB-09133. In addition, the detailed biocatalysis of iminodiacetonitrile to produce IDA ...
... patients with chronic suppurative otitis media in Angola were co-colonized with fluoroquinolone-resistant Alcaligenes faecalis ... Strains of Alcaligenes faecalis from clinical material. J Infect. 1997;35:167-9. DOIPubMed ... Fluoroquinolone-Resistant Alcaligenes faecalis Related to Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media, Angola On This Page ... Endophthalmitis caused by Alcaligenes faecalis: a case series. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2013;21:446-8. DOIPubMed ...
Further experiments on the potassium uptake by Alcaligenes faecalis Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you ... Further experiments on the potassium uptake by Alcaligenes faecalis. R HEMS, HA KREBS ...
The ATCC Licensed Derivative Emblem, the ATCC Licensed Derivative word mark and the ATCC catalog marks are trademarks of ATCC. Microbiologics, Inc. is licensed to use these trademarks and to sell products derived from ATCC® cultures. Look for the ATCC Licensed Derivative © Emblem for products derived from ATCC© cultures. ...
The amo gene of Alcaligenes faecalis strain NR was amplified successfully, and 1639 bp length DNA sequence was obtained. This ... 成功扩增粪产碱杆菌Alcaligenes faecalis NR基因组DNA中amo基因序列,得到长度为1639bp的DNA序列。该段序列包含1个完整的开放阅读框(ORF),编码长度为346aa的多肽链。经过BLAST在线比对分析,该序列为AMO蛋白质
Alcaligenes faecalis Plant-probiotic bacterial endophyte Coleus forskohlii Forskolin CfTPSs CfCYP76AH15 CfACT1-8 ... Plant Probiotic Bacterial Endophyte, Alcaligenes faecalis, Modulates Plant Growth and Forskolin Biosynthesis in Coleus ... Native bacterial endophyte, CFRB1 (Alcaligenes faecalis), significantly modulates primary plant productivity and forskolin ... Biochemical and histochemical analyses revealing endophytic Alcaligenes faecalis mediated suppression of oxidative stress in ...
In this study, we describe a novel nematicidal bacterium named Alcaligenes faecalis ZD02. A. faecalis ZD02 was isolated from ... In addition, A. faecalis ZD02 fermentation broth showed toxicity against C. elegans and Meloidogyne incognita. To identify the ... Using C. elegans as the target model, we found that both A. faecalis ZD02 and the virulence factor Esp can damage the ... The discovery that A. faecalis ZD02 has nematicidal activity provides a novel bacterial resource for the control of RKNs. ...
Alcaligenes faecalis. NCBI taxonomy Id: 511. Other names: A. faecalis, ATCC 8750, Alcaligenes faecalis, Alcaligenes sp. BP11, ...
Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 35655™) ATCC® Number: 35655™ Strain Designations: LRA 41 02 ...
Among the organisms within the Alcaligenes genus, Alcaligenes faecalis remains the only one with clinical ... Alcaligenes faecalis is a Gram-negative, non-fermentative bacterium that is strictly motile and aerobic. This bacterium is ... Alcaligenes Faecalis: Habitat, Disease, and Treatment. Alcaligenes faecalis is a Gram-negative, non-fermentative bacterium that ... Among the organisms within the Alcaligenes genus, Alcaligenes faecalis remains the only one with clinical importance after some ...
Alcaligenes faecalis Scientific name is alcaligenes faecalis. No pigmentation No needed soil ...
... سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۸ ... The cell growth and substrate degradation of phenol as single substrates for Alcaligenes faecalis in batch cultures (shaking ... These results indicate that immobilized Alcaligenes faecalis possesses a good application potential in the treatment of phenol- ... Biological degradation of phenol by Alcaligenes faecalis with high biodegradation activity and high tolerance was investigated ...
Tolerance Tests of Alcaligenes faecalis BW1 Extract. Zahir Ilham, Ibnsouda Saad; Houari, Abdellah; Iraqui, Mohammed; Ibnsouda, ... Study of the influence of certain parameters on the extract of Alcaligenes faecalis by using either discs or well diffusion ... Antibacterial metabolites of Alcaligenes faecalis BW1 extract resist to the action of gastric pH, gallbladder bile and hydrogen ... Alcaligenes faecalis/physiology , Anti-Infective Agents/physiology , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacokinetics , Bacteria/ ...
The focus of this study was to evaluate the antimycobacterial activity of Alcaligenes faecalis BW1 extract and to purify it ... Partial Purification and Antimycobacterial Screening of the Ethyl Acetate Extract of Alcaligenes faecalis BW1. ... Crude extract of A. faecalis BW1 was obtained by using ethyl acetate as an organic solvent and its antimycobacterial effect was ... Various metabolites of A. faecalis BW1 are responsible for the sought effect or they could act synergistically to inhibit ...
Alcaligenes faecalis ATCC. 8750. 1 106 Bacillus subtilis ATCC. 12100. 1 106 ...
Pseudomonas fluorescens II; Alcaligenes faecalis; Alcaligenes dentrificans R.P. Ambler in Recent Developments in Chemical ... Alcaligenes denitrificans G.E. Norris, B.F. Anderson, E.N. Baker and S.V. Rumball, J.Mol.Biol. 138 309 (1979)CrossRefGoogle ...
This yield was obtained from a strain of Alcaligenes faecalis. The two strains of E. coli surveyed showed a 38.5% and a 53% ... Saccharomyces cervisiae, E. coli, Alcaligenes faecalis and Pseudomonas dachunae cells were immobilized in separate batches with ... faecalis .01 M .014 M ,.002 MP. dacunhae .024 M .028 M ,.002 M______________________________________ (The references to "ASP" ... These were then compared with the use of free cells of Pseudomonas and Alcaligenes under otherwise similar conditions. The ...
Directing the mode of nitrite binding to a copper-containing nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6: characterization ... Source organism: Alcaligenes faecalis. Primary publication:. Directing the mode of nitrite binding to a copper-containing ... Source organism: Alcaligenes faecalis. Expression system: Escherichia coli. UniProt: *Canonical: P38501 (Residues: 40-376; ... CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE I257T VARIANT OF THE COPPER-CONTAINING NITRITE REDUCTASE FROM ALCALIGENES FAECALIS S-6. ...
Alcaligenes xylosoxidans, A. faecalis. *Aeromonas hydrophila, Aeromonas spp. *Elizabethkingia anophelis, E. meningosepticum ...
B. alcaligenes faecalis septicemia and meningitis in the newborn. Report of an unusual case. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 1967 ... B. alcaligenes faecalis septicemia and meningitis in the newborn. Report of an unusual case. ...
New molecular packing in a crystal of pseudoazurin from Alcaligenes faecalis: a double-helical arrangement of blue copper. ... A new molecular packing of pseudoazurin from A. faecalis shows a right-handed double helix composed of blue copper sites. ...
Alcaligenes faecalis. 98% probability. Bruker Biotyper MS. Burkholderia pseudomallei. 2.18 score*. Vitek MS Burkholderia ...
  • Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. (
  • Genomic DNA from Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. (
  • Microbiologics : 0911P Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. (
  • Genome sequencing and analysis of Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. (
  • Alcaligenes aquatilis faecalis subsp. (
  • Based on 16S rDNA sequence analysis and the low degree of DNA relatedness between other members of Achromobacter species, Yabuuchi et al propose that Alcaligenes denitrificans should be classified as a subspecies of 'Achromobacter xylosoxidans (A. x. subsp. (
  • Alcaligenes xylosoxydans subsp. (
  • Purification and characterization of the nitrilase from Alcaligenes faecalis ATCC 8750 responsible for enantioselective hydrolysis of mandelonitrile. (
  • X05518 Alcaligenes faecalis (ATCC 8750) 5S ribosomal RNA. (
  • Effect of Tween 80 on the production of curdlan by Alcaligenes faecalis ATCC 31749. (
  • AF114786 Alcaligenes faecalis copper dependent nitrite reductase (nir) gene, partial cds. (
  • 8. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 4 , wherein the cupredoxin peptide is from an organism selected from the group consisting of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Alcaligenes faecalis, Achromobacter xylosoxidan, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Methylomonas sp. (
  • We hypothesized that the unknown organism was Alcaligenes faecalis, a motile Gram-negative bacillus that resides in water, soil, blood, urine, and feces (Herrera n.p. (
  • Among the organisms within the Alcaligenes genus, Alcaligenes faecalis remains the only one with clinical importance after some were transferred to Achromobacter genus. (
  • During studies of ear disharge caused by otitis media, we detected the gram-negative bacillus Alcaligenes faecalis in addition to the commonly isolated bacterial species ( 3 ). (
  • Some During studies of ear disharge caused by otitis media, patients in the geographic area also used cockroach paste, we detected the gram-negative bacillus Alcaligenes faeca- palm oil, sweet olive oil, sewing machine oil, or breast lis in addition to the commonly isolated bacterial species milk to prevent ear discharge. (
  • A. faecalis is a Gram-negative bacterium which appears rod-shaped and motile under a microscope. (
  • This bacterium was named Alcaligenes faecalis strain MOR02. (
  • Alcaligenes faecalis ZD02, a Novel Nematicidal Bacterium with an Extracellular Serine Protease Virulence Factor. (
  • Alcaligenes faecalis is a Gram-negative, non-fermentative bacterium that is strictly motile and aerobic. (
  • Proteus mirabilis was the second roquinolone-resistant Alcaligenes faecalis , commonly found most common bacterium (n = 7), followed by Klebsiella in birds. (
  • Alcaligenes denitrificans is a Gram-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, strictly aerobic, motile bacterium with peritrichous flagella, from the genus Alcaligenes. (
  • A chitinase-producing bacterium isolated from seafood effluent was identified as Alcaligenes faecalis AU02. (
  • Alcaligenes faecalis is the predominant Gram-negative bacterium inhabiting gut-associated lymphoid tissues, Peyer's patches. (
  • Molecular identification of phosphate solubilizing bacterium (Alcaligenes faecalis) and its interaction effect with Bradyrhizobium japonicum on growth and yield of soybean (Glycine max L. (
  • Alcaligenes faecalis is a species of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria commonly found in the environment. (
  • Lysenko and Weiser [ 8 ] isolated bacteria associated with S. carpocapsae , such as Alcaligenes, Pseudomonas , and Acinetobacter spp. (
  • Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Alcaligenes genus level. (
  • Similar results were obtained with other bacteria such as Acidovorax delafieldii (DSM50403), Alcaligenes faecalis ( 14 ), a Comamonas sp. (
  • Unknown bacteria determined to be Alcaligenes faecalis because of its morphological, physiological and metabolic properties. (
  • Total of 47 different bacteria strains were isolated and the finally screened isolates were identified as Alcaligenes sp. (
  • Characterization of Alcaligenes faecalis strain AD15 indicating biocontrol activity against plant pathogens. (
  • The purification and characterization of arsenite oxidase from Alcaligenes faecalis, a molybdenum-containing hydroxylase. (
  • Anti-mycobacterial metabolites of Alcaligenes faecalis BW1 extract are compatible with rifampicin and could be administered orally as antitubercular agents after their purification, identification in further work . (
  • Partial Purification and Antimycobacterial Screening of the Ethyl Acetate Extract of Alcaligenes faecalis BW1. (
  • Partial purification of A. faecalis BW1 extract was performed by using thin layer chromatography and active substances responsible for the biological activity were localized. (
  • Although A. faecalis is considered to be alkali-tolerant, it maintains a neutral pH in its cytosol to prevent the damaging or denaturing of its charged species and macromolecules. (
  • A. faecalis was growing in polymicrobial communities, and P. aeruginosa was the predominant species in 10 (50%) of the patients. (
  • 3 ). A. faecalis may reside in the human microbiome of lis from birds would be a likely explanation for the ap- the gastrointestinal tract but only occasionally causes dis- pearance of this particular bacterial species among this ease. (
  • Epidemiological investigation of infections due to Alcaligenes species in children and patients with cystic fibrosis: use of repetitive-element-seq. (
  • Twenty-one isolates of Alcaligenes species were recovered from the respiratory tract of 16 patients at Texas Children's Hospital over a 1-year period. (
  • We conclude that, similar to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Alcaligenes species (most often A. xylosoxidans) colonize the respiratory tract of intubated children and of patients with CF. Colonization of patients with CF was associated with an exacerbation of pulmonary symptoms. (
  • Other glucose nonfermenters, like Stenotrophomonas maltophilia , Alcaligenes xylosoxidans , R. pickettii , and Burkholderia gladioli , can frequently be found as well, but their role in the decline of pulmonary function is unclear ( 14 , 19 , 30 ). (
  • Alcaligenes aquatilis and Alcaligenes faecalis UMYU001 (MN519483.1). (
  • The enantiomerically enriched amides were subsequently deacylated in the presence of the penicillin G acylase from Alcaligenes faecalis . (
  • In 2001, previously unidentified isolates of Alcaligenes were classified as a new subspecies of A. faecalis: A. faecalis parafaecalis. (
  • We tested A. faecalis isolates against a series of selected antimicrobial drugs by using broth microdilution ( Technical Appendix Table) and found 100% were susceptible to aminoglycoside amikacin, cephalosporins, and colistin. (
  • We tested A. faecalis isolates against a series of select- hronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a common ed antimicrobial drugs by using broth microdilution (on- condition in developing countries and in original pop- line Technical Appendix Table) and found 100% were sus- ulations such as the Inuit ( 1 ). (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: B. alcaligenes faecalis septicemia and meningitis in the newborn. (
  • A. faecalis was first described in 1919 by Castellani and Chalmers. (
  • The impact of acidic pH of gastric juice , bile , hydrogen peroxide , pancreatic enzymes and lysozyme on the antimycobacterial activity of Alcaligenes faecalis BW1 extract was evaluated by agar diffusion method . (
  • The focus of this study was to evaluate the antimycobacterial activity of Alcaligenes faecalis BW1 extract and to purify it partially. (
  • The results showed that A. faecalis BW1 produced compounds with antimycobacterial activity. (
  • Crystal structure of the 100 kDa arsenite oxidase from Alcaligenes faecalis in two crystal forms at 1.64 A and 2.03 A. (
  • In 2005, a second subspecies of A. faecalis was described: A. faecalis phenolicus. (
  • A. faecalis phenolicus is distinguished by its ability to use phenol as a carbon source. (
  • and Alcaligenes faecalis CHASTELLANI and CHALMERS, 1 strain. (
  • The other frequently isolated strains belonged to the genera Alcaligenes , Carnobacterium , Lysinibacillus , Microbacterium , Paenarthrobacter , Rhodococcus , Serratia and Stenotrophomonas . (
  • Biodegradation of anionic surfactants by Alcaligenes faecalis, Enterobacter cloacae and Serratia marcescens strains isolated from industrial wastewater. (
  • To highlight whether metabolites of Alcaligenes faecalis BW1 extract can be administered orally for their possible antimycobacterial effects. (
  • Antibacterial metabolites of Alcaligenes faecalis BW1 extract resist to the action of gastric pH , gallbladder bile and hydrogen peroxide . (
  • Various metabolites of A. faecalis BW1 are responsible for the sought effect or they could act synergistically to inhibit mycobacterial growth . (
  • D00104 Alcaligenes faecalis 5S rRNA, partial sequence. (
  • Berry AM. B. alcaligenes faecalis septicemia and meningitis in the newborn. (
  • Gram-negative bacillary infections (bacteremias)- ( E. coli , A. aerogenes, A. faecalis , Salmonella , Shigella and P. mirabilis) . (
  • Biological degradation of phenol by Alcaligenes faecalis with high biodegradation activity and high tolerance was investigated at 25C. (
  • We found that 20 (10.6%) of 188 patients with chronic suppurative otitis media in Angola were co-colonized with fluoroquinolone-resistant Alcaligenes faecalis , commonly found in birds. (
  • The amo gene of Alcaligenes faecalis strain NR was amplified successfully, and 1639 bp length DNA sequence was obtained. (
  • The gene sequence showed 99% homology with Alcaligenes faecalis. (
  • Based on the gene sequence homology, it was identified as A. faecalis. (
  • M22508 A.faecalis 16S ribosomal RNA, complete cds. (
  • Thus, endophytic isolate, A. faecalis (CFRB1), could be deployed as a novel bio-stimulant for enhancing in planta forskolin content during cultivation of C. forskohlii . (
  • the remaining isolate was identified as Alcaligenes faecalis (formerly Alcaligenes odorans). (
  • Additionally, toxicity assays determined that 1 μ g of supernatant extract from A. faecalis MOR02 killed more than 70% G. mellonella larvae 96 h after injection. (
  • The antioxidant activity of A. faecalis AU02 culture supernatant was determined through scavenging ability on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) as 84%, and the antioxidant compound was characterized by TLC and its FT-IR spectrum. (
  • In addition, chitinase from A. faecalis AU02 was purified and characterized, and the antioxidant activity of the culture supernatant was analyzed. (
  • Tolerance Tests of Alcaligenes faecalis BW1 Extract. (
  • Study of the influence of certain parameters on the extract of Alcaligenes faecalis by using either discs or well diffusion methods against M. smegmatis. (
  • Crude extract of A. faecalis BW1 was obtained by using ethyl acetate as an organic solvent and its antimycobacterial effect was investigated by agar discs diffusion method . (
  • A. faecalis has been used for the production of nonstandard amino acids. (
  • Most cases occur in immunocompromised hosts, but in rare instances, A. faecalis infection has been described in patients who had acute otitis media, peritonitis, and eye or urinary tract infections ( 4 - 6 ). (
  • The natural habitats of A. faecalis include the natural environment, water, and soil. (
  • A. faecalis may reside in the human microbiome of the gastrointestinal tract but only occasionally causes disease. (
  • Native bacterial endophyte, CFRB1 ( Alcaligenes faecalis ), significantly modulates primary plant productivity and forskolin content under pot and field conditions. (
  • A. faecalis is frequently found in bird fecal specimens and can also cause opportunistic infections in these animals ( 7 ). (
  • We found that 20 (10.6%) patients were colonized by A. faecalis ( Table ). (
  • Originally, A. faecalis was found in feces, hence its name, but was later discovered in other human environments (Bizet and Bizet, p. 1). (
  • In the hospital environment, A. faecalis can be found in wet places and equipment such as dialysis systems and respirators. (
  • Taber's Medical Dictionary, Taber's Online, (
  • Hexaacylated A. faecalis lipid A showed moderate agonistic activity towards TLR4-mediated signaling and the ability to elicit a discrete interleukin-6 release in human cell lines and mice. (