Alcaligenes faecalis: The type species of gram negative bacteria in the genus ALCALIGENES, found in soil. It is non-pathogenic, non-pigmented, and used for the production of amino acids.Alcaligenes: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, motile bacteria that occur in water and soil. Some are common inhabitants of the intestinal tract of vertebrates. These bacteria occasionally cause opportunistic infections in humans.Enterococcus faecalis: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens and the human intestinal tract. Most strains are nonhemolytic.Azurin: A bacterial protein from Pseudomonas, Bordetella, or Alcaligenes which operates as an electron transfer unit associated with the cytochrome chain. The protein has a molecular weight of approximately 16,000, contains a single copper atom, is intensively blue, and has a fluorescence emission band centered at 308nm.Penicillin Amidase: An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of penicillin to penicin and a carboxylic acid anion. EC 3.5.1.11.Nitrite Reductases: A group of enzymes that oxidize diverse nitrogenous substances to yield nitrite. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 1.Achromobacter: A genus of gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore forming rods. Soil and water are regarded as the natural habitat. They are sometimes isolated from a hospital environment and humans.Pseudomonas alcaligenes: A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. It cannot utilize FRUCTOSE; GLUCOSE; or MALTOSE for energy.Cyclamen: A plant genus of the family PRIMULACEAE that contains triterpenoid saponins.Achromobacter denitrificans: The type species of gram negative, aerobic bacteria in the genus ACHROMOBACTER. Previously in the genus ALCALIGENES, the classification and nomenclature of this species has been frequently emended. The two subspecies, Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans are associated with infections.Pantoea: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, straight rods which are motile by peritrichous flagella. Most strains produce a yellow pigment. This organism is isolated from plant surfaces, seeds, soil, and water, as well as from animals and human wounds, blood, and urine. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Pseudomonas: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Aerobiosis: Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Copper: A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections: Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Electron Transport: The process by which ELECTRONS are transported from a reduced substrate to molecular OXYGEN. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984, p270)Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Chlorobenzoates: Benzoic acid or benzoic acid esters substituted with one or more chlorine atoms.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hydrogenase: An enzyme found in bacteria. It catalyzes the reduction of FERREDOXIN and other substances in the presence of molecular hydrogen and is involved in the electron transport of bacterial photosynthesis.

Kerstersia gyiorum gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel Alcaligenes faecalis-like organism isolated from human clinical samples, and reclassification of Alcaligenes denitrificans Ruger and Tan 1983 as Achromobacter denitrificans comb. nov. (1/29)

A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on nine isolates recovered from various human clinical samples. Phenotypically, these isolates resembled Alcaligenes faecalis. Whole-cell protein analysis distinguished two different species, and this was confirmed by DNA-DNA hybridizations. Cellular fatty acid analysis and 16S rDNA sequence analysis indicated that these isolates were related to the genera Alcaligenes, Bordetella, Achromobacter and Pigmentiphaga and belonged to the family Alcaligenaceae. On the basis of the results of this study, the organisms were classified in a novel genus, Kerstersia gen. nov. This genus comprises one species, Kerstersia gyiorum sp. nov. (type strain LMG 5906(T)=API 184-2-84(T)=CCUG 47000(T)), and several unnamed isolates. The DNA G+C content of members of the genus Kerstersia is between 61.5 and 62.9 mol%. On the basis of previously published DNA-DNA hybridization results and data from chemotaxonomic studies, it is proposed that Alcaligenes denitrificans Ruger and Tan 1983 be reclassified as Achromobacter denitrificans comb. nov.  (+info)

Side-on copper-nitrosyl coordination by nitrite reductase. (2/29)

A copper-nitrosyl intermediate forms during the catalytic cycle of nitrite reductase, the enzyme that mediates the committed step in bacterial denitrification. The crystal structure of a type 2 copper-nitrosyl complex of nitrite reductase reveals an unprecedented side-on binding mode in which the nitrogen and oxygen atoms are nearly equidistant from the copper cofactor. Comparison of this structure with a refined nitrite-bound crystal structure explains how coordination can change between copper-oxygen and copper-nitrogen during catalysis. The side-on copper-nitrosyl in nitrite reductase expands the possibilities for nitric oxide interactions in copper proteins such as superoxide dismutase and prions.  (+info)

Bacterium-based NO2- biosensor for environmental applications. (3/29)

A sensitive NO2- biosensor that is based on bacterial reduction of NO2- to N2O and subsequent detection of the N2O by a built-in electrochemical N2O sensor was developed. Four different denitrifying organisms lacking NO3- reductase activity were assessed for use in the biosensor. The relevant physiological aspects examined included denitrifying characteristics, growth rate, NO2- tolerance, and temperature and salinity effects on the growth rate. Two organisms were successfully used in the biosensor. The preferred organism was Stenotrophomonas nitritireducens, which is an organism with a denitrifying pathway deficient in both NO3- and N2O reductases. Alternatively Alcaligenes faecalis could be used when acetylene was added to inhibit its N2O reductase. The macroscale biosensors constructed exhibited a linear NO2- response at concentrations up to 1 to 2 mM. The detection limit was around 1 microM NO2-, and the 90% response time was 0.5 to 3 min. The sensor signal was specific for NO2-, and interference was observed only with NH2OH, NO, N2O, and H2S. The sensor signal was affected by changes in temperature and salinity, and calibration had to be performed in a system with a temperature and an ionic strength comparable to those of the medium analyzed. A broad range of water bodies could be analyzed with the biosensor, including freshwater systems, marine systems, and oxic-anoxic wastewaters. The NO2- biosensor was successfully used for long-term online monitoring in wastewater. Microscale versions of the NO2- biosensor were constructed and used to measure NO2- profiles in marine sediment.  (+info)

Genetic diversity and horizontal transfer of genes involved in oxidation of reduced phosphorus compounds by Alcaligenes faecalis WM2072. (4/29)

Enrichment was performed to isolate organisms that could utilize reduced phosphorus compounds as their sole phosphorus sources. One isolate that grew well with either hypophosphite or phosphite was identified by 16S rRNA gene analysis as a strain of Alcaligenes faecalis. The genes required for oxidation of hypophosphite and phosphite by this organism were identified by using transposon mutagenesis and include homologs of the ptxD and htxA genes of Pseudomonas stutzeri WM88, which encode an NAD-dependent phosphite dehydrogenase (PtxD) and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent hypophosphite dioxygenase (HtxA). This organism also has the htxB, htxC, and htxD genes that comprise an ABC-type transporter, presumably for hypophosphite and phosphite transport. The role of these genes in reduced phosphorus metabolism was confirmed by analyzing the growth of mutants in which these genes were deleted. Sequencing data showed that htxA, htxB, htxC, and htxD are virtually identical to their homologs in P. stutzeri at the DNA level, indicating that horizontal gene transfer occurred. However, A. faecalis ptxD is very different from its P. stutzeri homolog and represents a new ptxD lineage. Therefore, this gene has ancient evolutionary roots in bacteria. These data suggest that there is strong evolutionary selection for the ability of microorganisms to oxidize hypophosphite and phosphite.  (+info)

Tn5393d, a complex Tn5393 derivative carrying the PER-1 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase gene and other resistance determinants. (5/29)

In Alcaligenes faecalis FL-424/98, a clinical isolate that produces the PER-1 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase, the bla(PER-1) gene was found to be carried on a 44-kb nonconjugative plasmid, named pFL424, that was transferred to Escherichia coli by electroporation. Investigation of the genetic context of the bla(PER-1) gene in pFL424 by means of a combined cloning and PCR mapping approach revealed that the gene is associated with a transposonlike element of the Tn3 family. This 14-kb element is a Tn5393 derivative of original structure, named Tn5393d, which contains the transposition module and the strAB genes typical of other members of the Tn5393 lineage plus additional resistance determinants, including the bla(PER-1) gene and a new allelic variant of the aphA6 aminoglycoside phosphotransferase gene, named aphA6b, whose product is active against kanamycin, streptomycin, and amikacin. Tn5393d apparently originated from the consecutive insertion of two composite transposons into a Tn5393 backbone carrying the aphA6b and the bla(PER-1) genes, respectively. The putative composite transposon carrying bla(PER-1), named Tn4176, is made of two original and nonidentical insertion sequences of the IS4 family, named IS1387a and IS1387b, of which one is interrupted by the insertion of an original insertion sequence of the IS30 family, named IS1066. In pFL424, Tn5393d is inserted into a Tn501-like mercury resistance transposon. Transposition of Tn5393d or modules thereof containing the bla(PER-1) gene from pFL424 to small multicopy plasmids or to a bacterial artificial chromosome was not detected in an E. coli host harboring both replicons.  (+info)

Calorimetric and spectroscopic investigations of the thermal denaturation of wild type nitrite reductase. (6/29)

Nitrite reductase (NiR) is a multicopper protein, with a trimeric structure containing two types of copper site: type 1 is present in each subunit whereas type 2 is localized at the subunits interface. The paper reports on the thermal behaviour of wild type NiR from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6. The temperature-induced changes of the copper centres are characterized by optical spectroscopy and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and by establishing the thermal stability by differential scanning calorimetry. The calorimetric profile of the enzyme shows a single endothermic peak with maximum heat absorption at T(m) approximately 100 degrees C, revealing an exceptional thermal stability. The thermal transition is irreversible and the scan rate dependence of the calorimetric trace indicates that the denaturation of NiR is kinetically controlled. The divergence of the activation energy values determined by different methods is used as a criterion for the inapplicability of the one-step irreversible model. The best fit of the DSC profiles is obtained when the classical Lumry-Eyring model, N<-->U-->F, is considered. The simulation results indicate that the irreversible step prevails on the reversible one. Moreover, it is found that the conformational changes within the type-1 copper environments precede the denaturation of the whole protein. No evidence of protein dissociation within the temperature range investigated was observed.  (+info)

Characteristics of ammonium removal by heterotrophic nitrification-aerobic denitrification by Alcaligenes faecalis No. 4. (7/29)

Alcaligenes faecalis no. 4 has heterotrophic nitrification and aerobic denitrification abilities. By taking the nitrogen balance under different culture conditions, 40-50% of removed NH4+-N was denitrified and about one-half of removed NH4+-N was converted to intracellular nitrogen. The maximum ammonium removal rate of no. 4 (28.9 mg-N/l/h) and its denitrification rate at high-strength NH4+-N of about 1200 ppm in aerated batch experiments at a C/N ratio of 10 were 5-40 times higher than those of other bacteria with the same ability. Only a few percent of the removed ammonium was converted to nitrite, and the main denitrification process was speculated to be via hydroxylamine which was produced by ammonium oxidation.  (+info)

Tryptophan tryptophylquinone cofactor biogenesis in the aromatic amine dehydrogenase of Alcaligenes faecalis. Cofactor assembly and catalytic properties of recombinant enzyme expressed in Paracoccus denitrificans. (8/29)

The heterologous expression of tryptophan trytophylquinone (TTQ)-dependent aromatic amine dehydrogenase (AADH) has been achieved in Paracoccus denitrificans. The aauBEDA genes and orf-2 from the aromatic amine utilization (aau) gene cluster of Alcaligenes faecalis were placed under the regulatory control of the mauF promoter from P. denitrificans and introduced into P. denitrificans using a broad-host-range vector. The physical, spectroscopic and kinetic properties of the recombinant AADH were indistinguishable from those of the native enzyme isolated from A. faecalis. TTQ biogenesis in recombinant AADH is functional despite the lack of analogues in the cloned aau gene cluster for mauF, mauG, mauL, mauM and mauN that are found in the methylamine utilization (mau) gene cluster of a number of methylotrophic organisms. Steady-state reaction profiles for recombinant AADH as a function of substrate concentration differed between 'fast' (tryptamine) and 'slow' (benzylamine) substrates, owing to a lack of inhibition by benzylamine at high substrate concentrations. A deflated and temperature-dependent kinetic isotope effect indicated that C-H/C-D bond breakage is only partially rate-limiting in steady-state reactions with benzylamine. Stopped-flow studies of the reductive half-reaction of recombinant AADH with benzylamine demonstrated that the KIE is elevated over the value observed in steady-state turnover and is independent of temperature, consistent with (a) previously reported studies with native AADH and (b) breakage of the substrate C-H bond by quantum mechanical tunnelling. The limiting rate constant (k(lim)) for TTQ reduction is controlled by a single ionization with pK(a) value of 6.0, with maximum activity realized in the alkaline region. Two kinetically influential ionizations were identified in plots of k(lim)/K(d) of pK(a) values 7.1 and 9.3, again with the maximum value realized in the alkaline region. The potential origin of these kinetically influential ionizations is discussed.  (+info)

*Alcaligenes faecalis

... faecalis: A. faecalis parafaecalis. In 2005, a second subspecies of A. faecalis was described: A. faecalis phenolicus. A. ... Alcaligenes faecalis is a species of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria commonly found in the environment. It was originally ... A. faecalis was first described in 1919 by Castellani and Chalmers. In 2001, previously unidentified isolates of Alcaligenes ... A. faecalis has been used for the production of nonstandard amino acids. A. faecalis is a Gram-negative bacterium which appears ...

*Alcaligenes denitrificans

doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02609-0. "SPECIES Alcaligenes faecalis". UniProt. Georg M. Garrity. Sc.D. (2005). "The Proteobacteria Part C ... List of prokaryotic names with standing in nomenclature (LSPN). "Alcaligenes faecalis". Straininfo.net. Archived from the ... Alcaligenes denitrificans is a Gram-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, strictly aerobic, motile bacterium with ... Yabuuchi et al propose that Alcaligenes denitrificans should be classified as a subspecies of 'Achromobacter xylosoxidans (A. x ...

*Extracellular polymeric substance

Alcaligenes faecalis var myxogenes, Sinorhizobium meliloti) xanthan (Xanthomonas campestris) welan (Alcaligenes spp.) ... Alcaligenes faecalis var. myxogenes) cyclosophorans (Agrobacterium spp., Rhizobium spp. and Xanthomonas spp.) dextran ( ... Alcaligenes viscosus, Zymomonas mobilis, Bacillus subtilis) pullulan (Aureobasidium pullulans) scleroglucan (Sclerotium rolfsii ...

*Plastocyanin family of copper-binding proteins

... blue copper protein from Alcaligenes faecalis; cupredoxin (CPC) from Cucumis sativus (Cucumber) peelings; cusacyanin (basic ...

*Alcaligenes

Strains of Alcaligenes (such as A. faecalis) are found mostly in the intestinal tracts of vertebrates, decaying materials, ... Kavuncuoglu, F.; Unal, A.; Oguzhan, N.; Tokgoz, B.; Oymak, O.; Utas, C. (2010). "First Reported Case of Alcaligenes Faecalis ... Alcaligenes faecalis causes nosocomial septicemia, arising from contaminated hemodialysis or intravenous fluid, in ... "First Reported Case of Alcaligenes Faecalis Peritonitis." Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis 30.1 ( ...

*Bordetella avium

B. avium was first described as Alcaligenes faecalis. LPSN bacterio.net Archived September 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ...

*Erythrose

Hiatt, Howard H; Horecker, B L (13 October 1955). "D-erythrose metabolism in a strain of Alcaligenes faecalis". Journal of ...

*Arylacetonitrilase

Mauger J, Nagasawa T & Yamada H (1990). "Occurrence of a novel nitrilase, arylacetonitrilase, in Alcaligenes faecalis JM3". ... Nagasawa T, Mauger J, Yamada H (1990). "A novel nitrilase, arylacetonitrilase, of Alcaligenes faecalis JM3 Purification and ...

*Polyhydroxybutyrate

Acidovorax faecalis, Aspergillus fumigatus and Variovorax paradoxus are soil microbes capable of degradation. Alcaligenes ... faecalis, Pseudomonas, and Illyobacter delafieldi, are obtained from anaerobic sludge. Comamonas testosteroni and Pseudomonas ...

*Mandelamide amidase

... mandelic acid from mandelonitrile by Alcaligenes faecalis ATCC 8750". Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57 (10): 3028-32. PMC 183915 . ...

*Cis-3,4-dihydrophenanthrene-3,4-diol dehydrogenase

"Purification and properties of cis-phenanthrene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase in Alcaligenes faecalis AFK2". Agric. Biol. Chem. 52 ...

*Maleate isomerase

"Gene cloning and characterization of maleate cis-trans isomerase from Alcaligenes faecalis". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 239 ...

*Arsenate reductase (azurin)

Ellis PJ, Conrads T, Hille R, Kuhn P (2001). "Crystal structure of the 100 kDa arsenite oxidase from Alcaligenes faecalis in ... Anderson GL, Williams J, Hille R (1992). "The purification and characterization of arsenite oxidase from Alcaligenes faecalis, ...

*Aralkylamine dehydrogenase (azurin)

"Crystal structure of an electron transfer complex between aromatic amine dehydrogenase and azurin from Alcaligenes faecalis". ...

*Cupriavidus gilardii

Apr 1999). "Classification of Alcaligenes faecalis-like isolates from the environment and human clinical samples as Ralstonia ...

*Curdlan

The production of curdlan by Alcaligenes faecalis is being developed to be used in gel production as well. Extracellular and ...

*2-Formylbenzoate dehydrogenase

"Isolation and some properties of NAD-linked 2-carboxybenzaldehyde dehydrogenase in Alcaligenes faecalis AFK 2 grown on ...

*Clausena anisata

Alcaligenes faecalis, Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Flavobacterium suaveolens, Leuconostoc mesenteroides ssp. ...

*Denitrification

... organisms identified as having these genes include Alcaligenes faecalis, Alcaligenes xylosoxidans, many in the Pseudomonas ...

*Kerstersia gyiorum

nov., a novel Alcaligenes faecalis-like organism isolated from human clinical samples, and reclassification of Alcaligenes ...

*Beta-glucan

... and Alcaligenes faecalis, which also produce (1→3)β-D-glucan. This test can aid in the detection of Aspergillus, Candida, and ...

*Rieske protein

X-ray structure of Rieske subunit of arsenite oxidase from Alcaligenes faecalis PDB: 2I7F​ - X-ray structure of the ...

*List of MeSH codes (B03)

Alcaligenes MeSH B03.440.400.425.117.050.200 --- Alcaligenes faecalis MeSH B03.440.400.425.117.075 --- Bordetella MeSH B03.440. ... Alcaligenes MeSH B03.660.075.027.050.200 --- Alcaligenes faecalis MeSH B03.660.075.027.075 --- Bordetella MeSH B03.660.075.027. ... Enterococcus faecalis MeSH B03.510.400.800.280.300 --- Enterococcus faecium MeSH B03.510.400.800.500 --- Lactococcus MeSH ... Pseudomonas alcaligenes MeSH B03.440.400.425.625.625.325 --- Pseudomonas fluorescens MeSH B03.440.400.425.625.625.350 --- ...

*Indole test

Alcaligenes sp., most Bacillus sp., Bordetella sp., Enterobacter sp., most Haemophilus sp., most Klebsiella sp., Neisseria sp ... Enterococcus faecalis, and Vibrio sp.escherochia coli Lactobacillus reuteri . Bacteria which give negative results for the ...

*Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

Aeromonas hydrophila Alcaligenes xylosoxidans Bartonella henselae Bordetella pertussis (pertussis) Brucella spp. Burkholderia ... epidermidis Staphylococcus saprophyticus Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Streptococcus agalactiae Streptococcus faecalis ...
Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis ATCC ® 35655™ Designation: LRA 41 02 82 TypeStrain=False Application: Quality control strain Quality control strain for API products
Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis ATCC ® 8750™ Designation: 16 TypeStrain=True Application: Produces nitrilase Quality control strain Quality control strain for Autobac products
Biological degradation of phenol by Alcaligenes faecalis with high biodegradation activity and high tolerance was investigated at 25C. Phenol could be utilized by the bacteria as the sole carbon and energy sources. The cell growth and substrate degradation of phenol as single substrates for Alcaligenes faecalis in batch cultures (shaking flasks) were investigated at different initial phenol concentrations. Phenol was observed to be an inhibitory compound. Particularly, when free cells grew on a high concentration of phenol, substrate inhibition was observed and the higher the concentration of phenol, the longer was the lag period. The lag time and whole required time for phenol biodegradation was considerably decreased by immobilized cells due to improvement of cells resistance against high Phenol concentration by cell immobilization compared to free cells. Required time for completely degrade initial phenol of 700 and 1000 ppm by free and immobilized cells is 56, 101 and 35, 72 hours ...
Drinking water treatment plants based on groundwater may suffer from incomplete ammonium removal, which deteriorates drinking water quality.
Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about Biochemical Journal.. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address.. ...
strict aerobe by thioglyoclate test, negative carb fermentation, positive citrate, negative indole, positive urease, catalase positive, gram negative rod,positive decarboxylation tests......I think I have Alcaligenes faecalis or pseudomonas aerugenosa. Motility was positive from the deep stab. I think my test results match those organism except for the positive urease ...
strict aerobe by thioglyoclate test, negative carb fermentation, positive citrate, negative indole, positive urease, catalase positive, gram negative rod,positive decarboxylation tests......I think I have Alcaligenes faecalis or pseudomonas aerugenosa. Motility was positive from the deep stab. I think my test results match those organism except for the positive urease ...
The CF center called me a few days ago to let me know that two new bugs have set up residence in my lungs. Ive never cultured these particular bugs before. They are Stenotrophomonas Maltiphilia and Alcaligenes Faecalis. Try saying those names three times really fast! Seriously, who names these things?? The steno malt is the more worrisome one I guess. Ive been put on two different antibiotics. which I will take twice a day for three months to try to eradicate them. I have been feeling yucky this week...low grade fevers, short of breath, more coughing, no energy. It may or may not be caused by the bugs, probably is just a normal typical flare up...but this hasnt been a great week for me. Im guessing that IVs might not be too far away in my future. Hopefully the antibiotics will help me feel better. And hoping to get rid of the bugs before they start a real party in there!!! Go away ...
1J9Q: Alternate substrate binding modes to two mutant (D98N and H255N) forms of nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6: structural model of a transient catalytic intermediate
1J9R: Alternate substrate binding modes to two mutant (D98N and H255N) forms of nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6: structural model of a transient catalytic intermediate
At present, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) up to 49% is permitted in an Indian Joint Venture Company for setting up hardware, Up-linking HUB or Teleports and complying with guidelines of GOI and Ministry of Information and Broadcasting for Up-linking and broadcasting. India Government, Public Sector Mulla & Mulla & Craigie Blunt & Caroe 25 Jan 2006
Copper-containing nitrite reductases (NiRs) are enzymes that efficiently reduce nitrite to nitric oxide in potent denitrifying bacteria. There has been an interest in their application in amperometric biosensors for monitoring nitrite levels in natural and waste waters. NiRs have a complex enzyme mechanism and depend on nitrite concentration and pH. Although the mechanism has been intensively studied, it is still controversial. In this thesis, a combined fluorescence and electrochemical method is used to simultaneously monitor the nitrite turn-over rate of a NiR from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6 and the oxidation state of the type-1 copper electron transfer site inside the enzyme. The catalytic activity of NiR is measured electrochemically by exploiting a direct electron transfer to fluorescently labelled enzyme molecules immobilised on modified gold, whereas the redox state of the type-1 copper site is determined from fluorescence intensity changes caused by F6rster resonance energy transfer (FRET) ...
Recently, the structure of a Cu-containing nitrite reductase (NiR) from Hyphomicrobium denitrificans (HdNiR) has been reported, establishing the existence of a new family of Cu-NiR where an additional
1l9s: Directing the mode of nitrite binding to a copper-containing nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6: characterization of an active site isoleucine.
The SCOP classification for the Quinohemoprotein amine dehydrogenase A chain, domain 3 superfamily including the families contained in it. Additional information provided includes InterPro annotation (if available), Functional annotation, and SUPERFAMILY links to genome assignments, alignments, domain combinations, taxonomic visualisation and hidden Markov model information.
The mechanism of the enzymatic degradation of poly([R]-3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) was investigated by using well-defined model substrates, including both linear and cyclic [R]-3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and [R]-3-hydroxyvalerate (3HV) oligomers, with two different PHB depolymerases. The linear and cyclic oligomers containing from 2 to 10 repeating units were hydrolyzed in solutions of the depolymerase isolated from Aspergillus fumigatus and Alcaligenes faecalis, and the rates of hydrolysis and types of products formed were characterized. Both of the depolymerases catalyzed the hydrolysis of the cyclic oligomers (macrolides) which contained more than three 3HB and 3HV repeating units. The degradation reactions of the linear and cyclic 3HB oligomers with the A. fumigatus depolymerase gave similar ratios of monomer-to-dimer products, but PHB itself formed mostly monomer on hydrolysis, indicating that the enzymatic hydrolysis reactions occurred by different mechanisms for these different types of ...
Phosphorus Compounds Inorganic Basic Chemicals: Producer of phosphate products in China. Products include labile calcium phosphate and food-grade tricalcium phosphate, as well as the salts of boron, magnesium, zinc, aluminum,
Reference: Raiskina M.E., Metabolism of macro-energy phosphorus compounds in the heart, Voprosy meditsinskoi khimii, 1959, vol: 5(2), 83-97 ...
In a BIM for a mononuclear centre, the central atom (metal) is written first, followed by the endogenous ligands (amino acid residues), and then the exogenous ligands, e.g. water. If the ligating atom needs to be indicated to avoid ambiguity, the symbol for this is separated from the ligand symbol by a dot, e.g. NE.His stands for the Nε atom of a His residue. This is a simplistic description that does not take into account the stereochemistry at the metal atom. The polyhedral symbol is not mandatory for it may be unknown. It also does not make sense for polynuclear metal centres (see below).. Example 4.1 in Table 4 shows a mononuclear centre found in the blue copper protein azurin. In this centre, one copper atom is coordinated by the Nδ atoms of two His residues, one mainchain oxygen derived from Gly, one Sδ atom of a Met residue and one Sγ atom of a Cys residue. The coordination geometry is trigonal bipyramidal (TBPY-5; the polyhedral symbols used are as in Table S3 in Additional file ...
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The bacterial redox protein azurin has been shown to be able to enter into cancer cells and induce apoptosis by stabilizing p53. Although the formation of a complex between the two proteins has been demonstrated, little is known about their binding ...
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TWENTY FIVE Aspergillus isolates were screened from Giza Governorate and Saint Catherine Protectorate soils in Egypt. The antimicrobial activity of the crude extracts was tested against two Gram positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis NRRL-B-4219, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC29213), four Gram negative bacteria (Alcaligenes faecalis B-170, Escherichia coli ATCC25922, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC10131, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC27953), and one yeast (Candida albicans ATCC10231). The antioxidant activity using free radical scavenging model was assayed for the crude extracts. The antitumor activity for all of crude extracts was determined against HCT116 (Colon carcinoma cell line), HEPG2 (Liver carcinoma cell line), and MCF-7 (Breast carcinoma cell line). Aspergillus nomius was the most potent fungal species accordingly, it was chosen for bioactivity assay. Identification of this species was further confirmed at the molecular level based on nuclear ribosomal DNA 18s identities. An accession number, LC199488, was
Alcaligenes é um gênero de bactérias gram-negativas aeróbicas da família Alcaligenaceae. Madigan M; Martinko J (editors). (2005). Brock Biology of Microorganisms 11th ed. ed. [S.l.]: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-144329-1 !CS1 manut: Texto extra (link) Alcaligenes - Kenyon College ...
Biochemists at the University of Georgia have discovered an unusual phosphorus-containing compound in an extreme heat-loving bacterium -- a discovery that will advance thinking about how life exists near the boiling point in underwater volcanic vents
The WikiPremed MCAT Course is an open access, comprehensive learning program for college physics, chemistry, biology, and organic chemistry within a unified, spiraling curriculum.
Role of arginine residues of D-aminoacylase from Alcaligenes xylosoxydans subsp. xylosoxydans A-6.: To investigate the role of arginine in the folding of d-amin
A method for depositing copper on a titanium-containing surface of a substrate is provided. The method includes forming a patterned catalyst material on the substrate, such that the titanium-containing surface is exposed in selected regions. The catalyst material has an oxidation half-reaction potential having a magnitude that is greater than a magnitude of a reduction half-reaction potential of titanium dioxide. Copper is then deposited from an electroless solution onto the exposed regions of the titanium-containing surface.
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A growing interest has manifested itself within the past two or three years in phytin and phytic acid, and in some of the compounds of the latter. Posternak first isolated this substance from the seeds of the red fir, pumpkin, pea, bean, white and yellow lupine and potato. Patten and Hart obtained the substance from wheat bran, and Hart and Tottingham found it in corn meal, oats and barley. The organic phosphorus materials obtained by alcoholic precipitations of aqueous or dilute acid extracts from these various sources are not identical, but ultimate analyses show a fair degree of similarity. Thus the phosphorus varies between 14 and 17 per cent, and they all contain varying amounts of magnesium, potassium and calcium. There has been prepared also, from the phytin from most of these sources, the free phytic acid, corresponding to the formula C2H8P2O9, (an-hydro-oxy-methylene-phosphoric acid, Posternak), or C6H24P6O27, (Neuberg, Starkenstein).
An electroconductive polymer composition of the invention contains a conductive polymer and a trivalent phosphorus compound. The trivalent phosphorus compound is preferably a compound represented by
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Phosphorus(V) oxide, 99.99%, Alfa Aesar™ 500g Phosphorus(V) oxide, 99.99%, Alfa Aesar™ Inorganic Phosphorus Compounds
Looking for online definition of Achromobacter xylosoxidans in the Medical Dictionary? Achromobacter xylosoxidans explanation free. What is Achromobacter xylosoxidans? Meaning of Achromobacter xylosoxidans medical term. What does Achromobacter xylosoxidans mean?
Studies in intermolecular electron transfer between the copper-containing proteins azurin I and nitrate reductase from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans ...
The oxidation and exchange reactions of simple phosphorus compounds and the behaviour of a range of low valent triphenylphosphine complexes of the transition metals in liquid hydrogen chloride at room temperature were studied by (^31)P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. When oxidation did occur, the phosphorus was oxidised from the +3 to the +5 oxidation state. In general, five co-ordinate fluorine containing phosphorus(V) species were produced from the oxidation of phosphorus(III) fluoride and four co-ordinate species of type PBr(_x)C1(_4-x)(^+) (O ≤ x ≤ 4) from the oxidation of phosphorus(ill) bromide or chloride. The (^31)P n.m.r. chemical shifts of the complete series PBr(_x)C1(_4-x)(^+) (O ≤ x ≤ 4) were recorded in solution for the first time, stabilised by tetrachloroborate anions in liquid hydrogen chloride. The protonation of a series of oxygen containing phosphorus (V) compounds in the solvent at room temperature was investigated using P n.m.r. spectroscopy. A measure of ...
0784] In one embodiment, amounts of chelating phosphorus species of the invention added during polymerization are chosen from the following: 1 to 5000 ppm; 1 to 1000 ppm, 1 to 900 ppm, 1 to 800 ppm, 1 to 700 ppm. 1 to 600 ppm, 1 to 500 ppm, 1 to 400 ppm, 1 to 350 ppm, 1 to 300 ppm, 1 to 250 ppm, 1 to 200 ppm, 1 to 150 ppm, 1 to 100 ppm; 1 to 60 ppm; 2 to 5000 ppm; 2 to 1000 ppm, 2 to 900 ppm, 2 to 800 ppm, 2 to 700 ppm. 2 to 600 ppm, 2 to 500 ppm, 2 to 400 ppm, 2 to 350 ppm, 2 to 300 ppm, 2 to 250 ppm, 2 to 200 ppm, 2 to 150 ppm, 2 to 100 ppm; 2 to 60 ppm; 2 to 20 ppm, 3 to 5000 ppm; 3 to 1000 ppm, 3 to 900 ppm, 3 to 800 ppm, 3 to 700 ppm. 3 to 600 ppm, 3 to 500 ppm, 3 to 400 ppm, 3 to 350 ppm, 3 to 300 ppm, 3 to 250 ppm, 3 to 200 ppm, 3 to 150 ppm, 3 to 100 ppm; 3 to 60 ppm; 3 to 20 ppm, 4 to 5000 ppm; 4 to 1000 ppm, 4 to 900 ppm, 4 to 800 ppm, 4 to 700 ppm, 4 to 600 ppm, 4 to 500 ppm, 4 to 400 ppm, 4 to 350 ppm, 4 to 300 ppm, 4 to 250 ppm, 4 to 200 ppm, 4 to 150 ppm, 4 to 100 ppm; 4 to 60 ppm; ...
Alcaligenes Polysaccharides are manufactured by Hakuto under the tradename "Alcasealan", and probably distributed in Europe by Nagase. It is described as a "natural polysaccharides produced from fermentation. The polymer chain of Alcasealan forms a three-dimension network to hold free water as well as binding it. This 3D network has a unique characteristic which forms a moisturising film on the skin with unique lightweight texture. Alcasealan is widely used as emulsion and dispersion stabiliser; it also helps to suspense powders and glitters in cosmetics formulations. ...
Sabale S. S.*, Koli A.D., Marathe R. J. and Phatake Y. B.. ABSTRACT. The secondary metabolites from microorganisms play a vital role in developing new chemotherapeutics. Microorganisms especially bacteria produce different secondary metabolites which had proved to be one of the most important source of lead compounds. In the present study potent azurin producing bacteria were isolated and screen from from three soil samples (Maharashtra, India) and identified by morphological, biochemical and molecular method (16s r DNA) as Pseudomonas aeruginosa which produce a biologically active protein azurin, that has array of bioactivities. The produced azurin was extracted and qualitatively characterized by using conventional and modern analytical methods. The spectroscopic study shows lambda max of produced protein as 225nm. Finally the production process of azurin was optimized by classical method. The selected strain of bacteria produces maximum azurin in selective media-I containing yeast extract and ...
Abstract Spray drying could be a suitable method for preserving microorganisms, as it allows large quantities of cultures to be dried at low cost. The aims of this paper were to ev..
Principal Investigator:HIRAMATSU Osamu, Project Period (FY):1994 - 1995, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Developmental Scientific Research (B), Research Field:Biomedical engineering/Biological material science
Achromobacter xylosoxidans (formerly Alcaligenes xylosoxidans) is a Gram-negative, aerobic, oxidase and catalase-positive, motile bacterium with peritrichous flagella, from the genus Achromobacter. It is generally found in wet environments. Achromobacter xylosoxidans can cause infections such as bacteremia, especially in patients with cystic fibrosis. In 2013, the complete genome of an A. xylosoxidans strain from a patient with cystic fibrosis was sequenced. A. xylosoxidans is a Gram-negative rod that does not form spores. It is motile, with peritrichous flagella that distinguish it from Pseudomonas species, and is oxidase-positive, catalase-positive, and citrate-positive. It is urease and indole-negative. It produces acid oxidatively from xylose, but not from lactose, maltose, mannitol, or sucrose. It grows well on MacConkey agar and other inhibitory growth media such as deoxycholate, Salmonella-Shigella, and nalidixic acid-cetrimide agars. It is usually resistant to a variety of antibiotics ...
Shared Genotypes of Achromobacter xylosoxidans Strains Isolated from Patients at a Cystic Fibrosis Rehabilitation Center: During a study examining transmission
This work was supported by the Grants-in-Aid from Ministry of Education, Culture, Science, Sport, and Technology through Grants-in-Aid of Specially Promoted Science and Technology (No. 22000009). We are also grateful to the computational facility at the Institute of Molecular Science, Okazaki (Japan). ...
Nakon zabrane korištenja nekih bromiranih spojeva kao sredstava za gašenje požara (BFR), fosforni spojevi počinju se sve više koristiti te je 2006. godine u Europi njihov udio u ukupnoj potrošnji iznosio 20%. Spojevi fosfora kao sredstva za gašenje požara (PFR) sve se više predlažu kao alternativa umjesto bromiranih spojeva. Fosforna sredstva za gašenje požara mogu se podijeliti u tri glavne skupine: anorganske, organske i one koji sadrže halogene elemente. Većina tih spojeva ima mehanizam djelovanja u čvrstoj fazi gorenja materijala, pri čemu nastaje čađa, no neki su aktivni i u plinovitoj fazi. Neki fosforovi spojevi su reaktivna sredstva za gašenje, što znači da su kemijski vezani za polimer, dok su druga aditivna sredstva i pomiješaju se u polimere. U literaturi se fosforovi spojevi navode kao potencijalne zamjene za bromirana sredstva. Nehalogenirani fosforovi spojevi često se koriste kao plastifikatori. Informacije o djelovanju fosforovih spojeva za gašenje požara ...
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Pantoea agglomerans HsvG protein: hsv - host-specific virulence factor; isolated from Erwinia herbicola; amino acid sequence in first source; GenBank U61275
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Chemists at the University of California, Riverside have accomplished in the lab what until now was considered impossible: transform a family of compounds which are acids into bases.. As our chemistry lab sessions have taught us, acids are substances that taste sour and react with metals and bases (bases are the chemical opposite of acids). For example, compounds of the element boron are acidic while nitrogen and phosphorus compounds are basic.. The research, reported in the July 29 issue of Science, makes possible a vast array of chemical reactions - such as those used in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, manufacturing new materials, and research academic institutions.. "The result is totally counterintuitive," said Guy Bertrand, a distinguished professor of chemistry, who led the research. "When I presented preliminary results from this research at a conference recently, the audience was incredulous, saying this was simply unachievable. But we have achieved it. We have ...
This is a water gelling agent made from a Gram-negative bacteria, similar to xanthan gum.. A 0.001% concentration can thicken up a product quite nicely, which is good because it costs more than $10 000 for a kilo.. Beyond thickening water, it also has moisturizing properties, similar to hyaluronic acid.. Is it better or worth the money? Im not sure - but if the popularity of this ingredient increases, the cost will go down. Much of the cost is the low yield from production. You can read more about how its produced here.. Japanese and Korean suppliers tend to have many unique and interesting raw materials, from my experience.. Its found in a few commercial products, which are very luxury and expensive (as is to be expected).. ...
TABLE-US-00004 TABLE 4 (MIC value (unit: ppm)) Embodiment 1 Comparison A Comparison B Bacteria 1 Alcaligenes faecalis 1 8 80 2 Alcaligenes viscolactis 1 8 80 3 Ascophyta pisi 10 4 Autotrophic bacteria 20 5 Aster yellows 1 6 Acinetobacter calcoaceticus 4 7 Achrcmobacter gulyatus 1 8 Aerobacter aerogenes 1 9 Aerobacter cloacae 1 8 80 10 Blastomyces italicum 1 11 Bacillus cereus 1 8 80 12 Bacillus mycoides 1 8 80 13 Bacillus subtillis 10 10 80 14 Bacillus megaterrium 10 10 80 15 Bacillus anthracis 10 10 80 16 Bacillus punctatum 10 10 80 17 Bacterium vulgaro 1 18 Bacterium pyocyaneum 1 19 Blastomyces deematidis 1 20 Bacterroid fragilis 3 21 Campylobacter fetus 3 22 Clostridium perfringens 3 23 Clostridium difficile 3 24 Corticium fuciforme 3 25 Clostridium botulinum 3 26 Cloechera apiculata 10 27 Cellulomonas iugis 1 28 Campylobacter jejuni/coli 10 29 Dactylium dendroides 3 30 Diplodia viticol 3 31 Debaryamyces hansenii 15 32 Desulfovibrio desullfuricans 1 33 Endothia paracitica 1 34 Escherichia ...
View Notes - Review for Chapter 21-23 from CHEM CHEM 01C at UC Riverside. Review for Chapter 21-Electrochemistry Half-reaction method for balancing redox reactions (Lecture Notes pg 6-14)
Autotrophic ammonium oxidation in membrane-aerated biofilm reactors (MABRs) can make treatment of ammonium-rich wastewaters more energy-efficient, especially within the context of short-cut ammonium removal. The challenge is to exclusively enrich ammonium-oxidizing bacteria (AOB). To achieve nitritation, strategies to suppress nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) are needed, which are ideally grounded on an understanding of underlying mechanisms. In this study, a nitrifying MABR was operated under intermittent aeration. During eight months of operation, AOB dominated, while NOB were suppressed. On the basis of dissolved oxygen (DO), ammonium, nitrite, and nitrate profiles within the biofilm and in the bulk, a 1-dimensional nitrifying biofilm model was developed and calibrated. The model was utilized to explore the potential mechanisms of NOB suppression associated with intermittent aeration, considering DO limitation, direct pH effects on enzymatic activities, and indirect pH effects on activity via ...
Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a ubiquitous Gram-negative non-fermenting rod, recently characterized as an emerging pathogen in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Its pathogenic potential and prevalent transmission routes are still unclear. This study investigated the PFGE genetic pattern and antimicrobial resistance profile of 42 A. xylosoxidans isolates obtained over 4 years from the respiratory tract of 22 CF patients. By genotypic analysis, 31 isolates were attributed to 8 distinct PFGE patterns (A-H), whereas 11 isolates were not typable because their DNA was not restricted by XbaI and DraI restriction enzymes. The majority of the isolates showed multidrug resistance; imipenem and piperacillin were the most active drugs. During the course of A. xylosoxidans chronic infection forced expiratory volume and body mass index values were not significantly lowered. The demonstration of widespread antibiotic resistance underscores the importance of antibiogram-directed therapy. Our data suggest that in ...
Other names: ATCC 27155, Bacillus milletiae, Bacterium herbicola, CCUG 539, CFBP 3845, CIP 57.51, DSM 3493, Enterobacter agglomerans, Erwinia herbicola, Erwinia milletiae, ICMP 12534, ICPB 3435, NBRC 102470, NCTC 9381, P. agglomerans, Pantoea agglomerans, Pantoea herbicola, Pseudomonas herbicola ...
Other names: ATCC 27155, Bacillus milletiae, Bacterium herbicola, CCUG 539, CFBP 3845, CIP 57.51, DSM 3493, Enterobacter agglomerans, Erwinia herbicola, Erwinia milletiae, ICMP 12534, ICPB 3435, NBRC 102470, NCTC 9381, P. agglomerans, Pantoea agglomerans, Pantoea herbicola, Pseudomonas herbicola ...
Studies on the anaerobic and aerobic growth of Alcaligenes eutrophus bacteria show that the same growth factor suffice for both aerobic and anaerobic growth, thus supporting Mathava and Ligy formulation of photosynthesis and carbon assimilation in these forms, and his thesis that the previously observed need for peptone or yeast extract could be attributed to their content of essential growth factors. A bottle technique for anaerobic cultures and a flask technique for aerobic culture are described in detail. Photosynthesis in A. eutrophus bacteria is best observed when they are grown anaerobically. The experiments described here indicate that the culture media had to be modified to conform to certain special requirement imposed by anaerobic growth; the required growth factors remained the same. A. eutrophus bacteria display the same growth pattern in both aerobic and anaerobic condition in ethylene substrate while there were some slight changes of its growth pattern in both aerobic and anaerobic ...
Looking for online definition of Achromobacter cobalamini in the Medical Dictionary? Achromobacter cobalamini explanation free. What is Achromobacter cobalamini? Meaning of Achromobacter cobalamini medical term. What does Achromobacter cobalamini mean?
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BioreclamationIVT is the complete resource for all biologicals including human clinical samples, hepatocytes, subcellular fractions and biological matrices.
BioreclamationIVT is the complete resource for all biologicals including human clinical samples, hepatocytes, subcellular fractions and biological matrices.
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Alcaligenaceae é uma família de bactérias da ordem Burkholderiales. Os seguintes gêneros são reconhecidos para a família: Achromobacter Yabuuchi & Yano 1981 Advenella Coenye, Vanlaere, Samyn, Falsen, Larsson & Vandamme 2005 Alcaligenes Castellani & Chalmers 1919 Azohydromonas Xie & Yokota 2005 Bordetella Moreno-López 1952 Brackiella Willems, Gilhaus, beer, Mietke, Gelderblom, Burghardt, Voigt & Reissbrodt 2002 Candidimonas Vaz-Moreira, Figueira, Lopes, de Brandt, Vandamme, Nunes & Manaia 2011 Castellaniella Kämpfer, Denger, Cook, Lee, Jäckel, Denner & Busse 2006 Derxia Jensen, Petersen, De & Bhattacharya 1960 Kerstersia Coenye, Vancanneyt, Cnokaert, Falsen, Swings & Vandamme 2003 Oligella Rossau, Kersters, Falsen, Jantzen, Segers, Union, Nehls & De Ley 1987 Paenalcaligenes Kämpfer, Falsen, Langer, Lodders & Busse 2010 Paralcaligenes Kim, Yoo, Weon, Kim, Anadham, Suh & Kwon 2011 Parapusillimonas Kim, Kim, Im, Srinivasan & Yang 2010 Pelistega Vandamme, Segers, Ryll, Hommez, Vancanneyt, ...
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BDH2 antibody [2G1] (3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, type 2) for FACS, ICC/IF, IHC-P, WB. Anti-BDH2 mAb (GTX84831) is tested in Human samples. 100% Ab-Assurance.
Dodgson, K.S., Spencer, B. and Williams, K. (1956). „Studies on sulphatases. 13. The hydrolysis of substituted phenyl sulphates by the arylsulphatase of Alcaligenes metacaligenes". Biochem. J. 64: 216-221. PMID 13363831 ...
From Proto-Indo-European *per- ("to hit"), with two possible root extensions in *pr-em- and *pr-es- and with pressus for *prestus contaminated by pressī. See the same kind of extensions in Ancient Greek τρέμω (trémō)-τρέ(σ)ω (tré(s)ō) and in the more dissimilated Latin tremō-terreō (, *terseō).. ...

Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers ATCC ®Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers ATCC ®

faecalis ATCC ® 8750™ Designation: 16 TypeStrain=True Application: Produces nitrilase Quality control strain Quality control ... Alcaligenes faecalis 5S rRNA, partial sequence. Nucleotide (GenBank) : X05518 Alcaligenes faecalis (ATCC 8750) 5S ribosomal RNA ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 8750™) Strain Designations: 16 [NCIB 8156] / Type Strain: ... Genomic DNA from Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis strain 16 [ATCC® 8750™] (ATCC® 8750D-5™) Add to ...
more infohttps://www.atcc.org/Products/Collections/Preceptrol_Cultures/8750.aspx

Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers ATCC ®Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers ATCC ®

faecalis ATCC ® 35655™ Designation: LRA 41 02 82 TypeStrain=False Application: Quality control strain Quality control strain ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 35655™) Strain Designations: LRA 41 02 82 / Type Strain: no ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 35655-MINI-PACK™) Add to ...
more infohttps://www.atcc.org/en/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/By_Instrument/35655.aspx?slp=1

دانلود مقاله BIODEGRADATION OF PHENOL USING FREE AND IMMOBIIZED ALCALIGENES FAECALISدانلود مقاله BIODEGRADATION OF PHENOL USING FREE AND IMMOBIIZED ALCALIGENES FAECALIS

... سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۸ ... The cell growth and substrate degradation of phenol as single substrates for Alcaligenes faecalis in batch cultures (shaking ... These results indicate that immobilized Alcaligenes faecalis possesses a good application potential in the treatment of phenol- ... Biological degradation of phenol by Alcaligenes faecalis with high biodegradation activity and high tolerance was investigated ...
more infohttp://www.getpaper.ir/biodegradation-of-phenol-using-free-and-immobiized-alcaligenes-faecalis.htm

Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers ATCC ®Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers ATCC ®

faecalis ATCC ® 35655-MINI-PACK™ Designation: LRA 41 02 82 TypeStrain=False Application: ATCC ® 35655-MINI-PACK™ consists of 6 ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers ATCC® 35655-MINI-PACK™ frozen 6 ready-to-use vials of ATCC® 35655 ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 35655-MINI-PACK™) Strain Designations: LRA 41 02 82 / Type ...
more infohttp://atcc.org/en/Products/Cells_and_Microorganisms/ATCC_Minis/35655-MINI-PACK.aspx

Alcaligenes faecalis - WikipediaAlcaligenes faecalis - Wikipedia

... faecalis: A. faecalis parafaecalis. In 2005, a second subspecies of A. faecalis was described: A. faecalis phenolicus. A. ... Alcaligenes faecalis is a species of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria commonly found in the environment. It was originally ... A. faecalis was first described in 1919 by Castellani and Chalmers. In 2001, previously unidentified isolates of Alcaligenes ... A. faecalis has been used for the production of nonstandard amino acids. A. faecalis is a Gram-negative bacterium which appears ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcaligenes_faecalis

Further experiments on the potassium uptake by Alcaligenes faecalis | Biochemical JournalFurther experiments on the potassium uptake by Alcaligenes faecalis | Biochemical Journal

Further experiments on the potassium uptake by Alcaligenes faecalis Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you ... Further experiments on the potassium uptake by Alcaligenes faecalis. R HEMS, HA KREBS ...
more infohttp://www.biochemj.org/content/82/1/80

A novel synthesis of iminodiacetic acid: Biocatalysis by whole Alcaligenes faecalis ZJB-09133 cells from iminodiacetonitrile -...A novel synthesis of iminodiacetic acid: Biocatalysis by whole Alcaligenes faecalis ZJB-09133 cells from iminodiacetonitrile -...

Jin-Feng Zhang, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Yu-Guo Zheng, Improvement of nitrilase production from a newly isolated Alcaligenes faecalis ... A novel synthesis of iminodiacetic acid: Biocatalysis by whole Alcaligenes faecalis ZJB-09133 cells from iminodiacetonitrile. ... and later named Alcaligenes faecalis ZJB-09133. In addition, the detailed biocatalysis of iminodiacetonitrile to produce IDA ...
more infohttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/btpr.603/abstract

异养硝化菌Alcaligenes faecalis NR氨单加氧酶PCR扩增及异养硝化菌Alcaligenes faecalis NR氨单加氧酶PCR扩增及

The amo gene of Alcaligenes faecalis strain NR was amplified successfully, and 1639 bp length DNA sequence was obtained. This ... 成功扩增粪产碱杆菌Alcaligenes faecalis NR基因组DNA中amo基因序列,得到长度为1639bp的DNA序列。该段序列包含1个完整的开放阅读框(ORF),编码长度为346aa的多肽链。经过BLAST在线比对分析,该序列为AMO蛋白质
more infohttps://www.hanspub.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=20968

Plant Probiotic Bacterial Endophyte, Alcaligenes faecalis, Modulates Plant Growth and Forskolin Biosynthesis in Coleus...Plant Probiotic Bacterial Endophyte, Alcaligenes faecalis, Modulates Plant Growth and Forskolin Biosynthesis in Coleus...

Alcaligenes faecalis Plant-probiotic bacterial endophyte Coleus forskohlii Forskolin CfTPSs CfCYP76AH15 CfACT1-8 ... Plant Probiotic Bacterial Endophyte, Alcaligenes faecalis, Modulates Plant Growth and Forskolin Biosynthesis in Coleus ... Native bacterial endophyte, CFRB1 (Alcaligenes faecalis), significantly modulates primary plant productivity and forskolin ... Biochemical and histochemical analyses revealing endophytic Alcaligenes faecalis mediated suppression of oxidative stress in ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12602-019-09582-1

Alcaligenes faecalis ZD02, a Novel Nematicidal Bacterium with an Extracellular Serine Protease Virulence Factor. - Semantic...Alcaligenes faecalis ZD02, a Novel Nematicidal Bacterium with an Extracellular Serine Protease Virulence Factor. - Semantic...

In this study, we describe a novel nematicidal bacterium named Alcaligenes faecalis ZD02. A. faecalis ZD02 was isolated from ... In addition, A. faecalis ZD02 fermentation broth showed toxicity against C. elegans and Meloidogyne incognita. To identify the ... Using C. elegans as the target model, we found that both A. faecalis ZD02 and the virulence factor Esp can damage the ... The discovery that A. faecalis ZD02 has nematicidal activity provides a novel bacterial resource for the control of RKNs. ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Alcaligenes-faecalis-ZD02%2C-a-Novel-Nematicidal-with-Ju-Lin/5686197958a61b4e86a15c67374b4b79908fa7e0

der protein (Alcaligenes faecalis) - STRING interaction networkder protein (Alcaligenes faecalis) - STRING interaction network

Alcaligenes faecalis. NCBI taxonomy Id: 511. Other names: A. faecalis, ATCC 8750, Alcaligenes faecalis, Alcaligenes sp. BP11, ...
more infohttps://string-db.org/network/511.JT27_15230

nagZ protein (Alcaligenes faecalis) - STRING interaction networknagZ protein (Alcaligenes faecalis) - STRING interaction network

Alcaligenes faecalis. NCBI taxonomy Id: 511. Other names: A. faecalis, ATCC 8750, Alcaligenes faecalis, Alcaligenes sp. BP11, ...
more infohttps://string-db.org/network/511.JT27_17405

Copper in the structure of Crystal Structure of Nitrite Reductase HIS255ASP Mutant From Alcaligenes Faecalis S-6 (pdb 1et7)Copper in the structure of Crystal Structure of Nitrite Reductase HIS255ASP Mutant From Alcaligenes Faecalis S-6 (pdb 1et7)

Crystal Structure of Nitrite Reductase HIS255ASP Mutant From Alcaligenes Faecalis S-6 ... Copper in the structure of Crystal Structure of Nitrite Reductase HIS255ASP Mutant From Alcaligenes Faecalis S-6 (pdb 1et7). ... sites of Copper atom in the structure of Crystal Structure of Nitrite Reductase HIS255ASP Mutant From Alcaligenes Faecalis S-6 ...
more infohttp://copper.atomistry.com/pdb1et7.html

Copper in the structure of Structure of Nitrite Bound to Oxidized Alcaligenes Faecalis Nitrite Reductase At Cryo Temperature ...Copper in the structure of Structure of Nitrite Bound to Oxidized Alcaligenes Faecalis Nitrite Reductase At Cryo Temperature ...

Structure of Nitrite Bound to Oxidized Alcaligenes Faecalis Nitrite Reductase At Cryo Temperature ... The binding sites of Copper atom in the structure of Structure of Nitrite Bound to Oxidized Alcaligenes Faecalis Nitrite ... Copper in the structure of Structure of Nitrite Bound to Oxidized Alcaligenes Faecalis Nitrite Reductase At Cryo Temperature ( ...
more infohttp://copper.atomistry.com/pdb1as6.html

Unusual causes of peritonitis in a peritoneal dialysis patient: Alcaligenes faecalis and Pantoea agglomerans | Annals of...Unusual causes of peritonitis in a peritoneal dialysis patient: Alcaligenes faecalis and Pantoea agglomerans | Annals of...

... year-old female who was undergoing peritoneal dialysis presented with peritonitis caused by Alcaligenes faecalis and Pantoea ... From: Unusual causes of peritonitis in a peritoneal dialysis patient: Alcaligenes faecalis and Pantoea agglomerans ...
more infohttps://ann-clinmicrob.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1476-0711-10-12/email/correspondent/c1/new

Bacterial Preceptrol Cultures Page 1Bacterial Preceptrol Cultures Page 1

Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 35655™) ATCC® Number: 35655™ Strain Designations: LRA 41 02 ...
more infohttp://atcc.org/en/Products/Cells_and_Microorganisms/Bacteria/Preceptrol_Cultures.aspx

TUNDRA | Smore NewslettersTUNDRA | Smore Newsletters

Alcaligenes faecalis Scientific name is alcaligenes faecalis. No pigmentation No needed soil ...
more infohttps://www.smore.com/ba98u

LMG 18246 Strain Passport - StrainInfoLMG 18246 Strain Passport - StrainInfo

Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis strain ATCC 35655 16S-23S ribosomal RNA intergenic spacer, complete sequence. ATCC 35655 ...
more infohttp://www.straininfo.net/strains/44303

API 185-2-84 Strain Passport - StrainInfoAPI 185-2-84 Strain Passport - StrainInfo

Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis. all known species names for this strain. Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis. ...
more infohttp://www.straininfo.net/strains/3204

PDB 1l9s structure summary ‹ Protein Data Bank in Europe (PDBe) ‹ EMBL-EBIPDB 1l9s structure summary ‹ Protein Data Bank in Europe (PDBe) ‹ EMBL-EBI

Directing the mode of nitrite binding to a copper-containing nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6: characterization ... Source organism: Alcaligenes faecalis. Primary publication:. Directing the mode of nitrite binding to a copper-containing ... Source organism: Alcaligenes faecalis. Expression system: Escherichia coli. UniProt: *Canonical: P38501 (Residues: 40-376; ... CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE I257T VARIANT OF THE COPPER-CONTAINING NITRITE REDUCTASE FROM ALCALIGENES FAECALIS S-6. ...
more infohttp://www.ebi.ac.uk/pdbe/entry/pdb/1l9s

Intrinsic Fluorescence of Proteins | SpringerLinkIntrinsic Fluorescence of Proteins | SpringerLink

Pseudomonas fluorescens II; Alcaligenes faecalis; Alcaligenes dentrificans R.P. Ambler in Recent Developments in Chemical ... Alcaligenes denitrificans G.E. Norris, B.F. Anderson, E.N. Baker and S.V. Rumball, J.Mol.Biol. 138 309 (1979)CrossRefGoogle ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4757-1634-4_38

Patent US4600692 - Immobilized cells for preparing phenylalanine - Google PatentsPatent US4600692 - Immobilized cells for preparing phenylalanine - Google Patents

This yield was obtained from a strain of Alcaligenes faecalis. The two strains of E. coli surveyed showed a 38.5% and a 53% ... Saccharomyces cervisiae, E. coli, Alcaligenes faecalis and Pseudomonas dachunae cells were immobilized in separate batches with ... faecalis .01 M .014 M ,.002 MP. dacunhae .024 M .028 M ,.002 M______________________________________ (The references to "ASP" ... These were then compared with the use of free cells of Pseudomonas and Alcaligenes under otherwise similar conditions. The ...
more infohttp://www.google.ca/patents/US4600692
  • Native bacterial endophyte, CFRB1 ( Alcaligenes faecalis ), significantly modulates primary plant productivity and forskolin content under pot and field conditions. (springer.com)
  • Taber's Medical Dictionary, Taber's Online, https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/732370/all/Alcaligenes. (tabers.com)