A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, motile bacteria that occur in water and soil. Some are common inhabitants of the intestinal tract of vertebrates. These bacteria occasionally cause opportunistic infections in humans.
The type species of gram negative bacteria in the genus ALCALIGENES, found in soil. It is non-pathogenic, non-pigmented, and used for the production of amino acids.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. It cannot utilize FRUCTOSE; GLUCOSE; or MALTOSE for energy.
Benzoic acid or benzoic acid esters substituted with one or more chlorine atoms.
An enzyme found in bacteria. It catalyzes the reduction of FERREDOXIN and other substances in the presence of molecular hydrogen and is involved in the electron transport of bacterial photosynthesis.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.
An herbicide with irritant effects on the eye and the gastrointestinal system.
A genus of gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore forming rods. Soil and water are regarded as the natural habitat. They are sometimes isolated from a hospital environment and humans.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
A bacterial protein from Pseudomonas, Bordetella, or Alcaligenes which operates as an electron transfer unit associated with the cytochrome chain. The protein has a molecular weight of approximately 16,000, contains a single copper atom, is intensively blue, and has a fluorescence emission band centered at 308nm.
Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.
The type species of gram negative, aerobic bacteria in the genus ACHROMOBACTER. Previously in the genus ALCALIGENES, the classification and nomenclature of this species has been frequently emended. The two subspecies, Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans are associated with infections.
A group of enzymes that oxidize diverse nitrogenous substances to yield nitrite. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 1.
Aminobenzenesulfonic acids. Organic acids that are used in the manufacture of dyes and organic chemicals and as reagents.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
A product of fermentation. It is a component of the butanediol cycle in microorganisms. In mammals it is oxidized to carbon dioxide.
A trace element with the atomic symbol Ni, atomic number 28, and atomic weight 58.69. It is a cofactor of the enzyme UREASE.
Salts and esters of hydroxybutyric acid.
Non-heme iron-containing enzymes that incorporate two atoms of OXYGEN into the substrate. They are important in biosynthesis of FLAVONOIDS; GIBBERELLINS; and HYOSCYAMINE; and for degradation of AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Derivatives of adipic acid. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain a 1,6-carboxy terminated aliphatic structure.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
A group of 1,2-benzenediols that contain the general formula R-C6H5O2.
A gram-negative, facultatively chemoautotrophic bacterium, formerly called Wautersia eutropha, found in water and soil.
Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.
Oxidases that specifically introduce DIOXYGEN-derived oxygen atoms into a variety of organic molecules.
A family of gram-negative, aerobic, non-spore forming rods or cocci. Well known genera include ACHROMOBACTER; ALCALIGENES; and BORDETELLA.
Salts and esters of gentisic acid.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Salts of chromic acid containing the CrO(2-)4 radical.
The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)
Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The first chemical element in the periodic table. It has the atomic symbol H, atomic number 1, and atomic weight [1.00784; 1.00811]. It exists, under normal conditions, as a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic gas. Hydrogen ions are PROTONS. Besides the common H1 isotope, hydrogen exists as the stable isotope DEUTERIUM and the unstable, radioactive isotope TRITIUM.
A parasexual process in BACTERIA; ALGAE; FUNGI; and ciliate EUKARYOTA for achieving exchange of chromosome material during fusion of two cells. In bacteria, this is a uni-directional transfer of genetic material; in protozoa it is a bi-directional exchange. In algae and fungi, it is a form of sexual reproduction, with the union of male and female gametes.
A species of BORDETELLA that is parasitic and pathogenic. It is found in the respiratory tract of domestic and wild mammalian animals and can be transmitted from animals to man. It is a common cause of bronchopneumonia in lower animals.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria whose cells are minute coccobacilli. It consists of both parasitic and pathogenic species.
Infections with bacteria of the genus BORDETELLA.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of WHOOPING COUGH. Its cells are minute coccobacilli that are surrounded by a slime sheath.
A chronic inflammation in which the NASAL MUCOSA gradually changes from a functional to a non-functional lining without mucociliary clearance. It is often accompanied by degradation of the bony TURBINATES, and the foul-smelling mucus which forms a greenish crust (ozena).
A species of BORDETELLA with similar morphology to BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS, but growth is more rapid. It is found only in the RESPIRATORY TRACT of humans.
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens and the human intestinal tract. Most strains are nonhemolytic.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A genus of free-living soil amoebae that produces no flagellate stage. Its organisms are pathogens for several infections in humans and have been found in the eye, bone, brain, and respiratory tract.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
A widely occurring subclass of c type cytochromes which function as electron carriers in the electron transport chain in photosynthetic and denitrifying BACTERIA.
Salts of nitrous acid or compounds containing the group NO2-. The inorganic nitrites of the type MNO2 (where M=metal) are all insoluble, except the alkali nitrites. The organic nitrites may be isomeric, but not identical with the corresponding nitro compounds. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).

Analysis of the nitrous oxide reduction genes, nosZDFYL, of Achromobacter cycloclastes. (1/705)

The structural gene, nosZ, for the monomeric N2O reductase has been cloned and sequenced from the denitrifying bacterium Achromobacter cycloclastes. The nosZ gene encodes a protein of 642 amino acid residues and the deduced amino acid sequence showed homology to the previously derived sequences for the dimeric N2O reductases. The relevant DNA region of about 3.6 kbp was also sequenced and found to consist of four genes, nosDFYL based on the similarity with the N2O reduction genes of Pseudomonas stutzeri. The gene product of A. cycloclastes nosF (299 amino acid residues) has a consensus ATP-binding sequence, and the nos Y gene encodes a hydrophobic protein (273 residues) with five transmembrane segments, suggesting the similarity with an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter which has two distinct domains of a highly hydrophobic region and ATP-binding sites. The nosL gene encodes a protein of 193 amino acid residues and the derived sequence showed a consensus sequence of lipoprotein modification/processing site. The expression of nosZ gene in Escherichia coli cells and the comparison of the translated sequences of the nosDFYL genes with those of bacterial transport genes for inorganic ions are discussed.  (+info)

Nitrate removal in closed-system aquaculture by columnar denitrification. (2/705)

The columnar denitrification method of nitrate-nitrogen removal from high-density, closed system, salmonid aquaculture was investigated and found to be feasible. However, adequate chemical monitoring was found to be necessary for the optimization and quality control of this method. When methanol-carbon was not balanced with inlet nitrate-nitrogen, the column effluent became unsatisfactory for closed-system fish culture due to the presence of excess amounts of nitrite, ammonia, sulfide, and dissolved organic carbon. Sulfide production was also influenced by column maturity and residence time. Methane-carbon was found to be unsatisfactory as an exogenous carbon source. Endogenous carbon could not support high removal efficiencies. Freshwater columns adpated readily to an artificial seawater with a salinity of 18% without observable inhibition. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the bacterial flora was mainly rod forms with the Peritricha (protozoa) dominating as the primary consumers. Denitrifying bacteria isolated from freshwater columns were tentatively identified as species of Pseudomonas and Alcaligenes. A pilot plant column was found to behave in a manner similar to the laboratory columns except that nitrite production was never observed.  (+info)

Biochemical characterization and solution structure of nitrous oxide reductase from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans (NCIMB 11015). (3/705)

Nitrous oxide reductase (N2OR) is the terminal enzyme involved in denitrification by microbes. No three-dimensional structural information has been published for this enzyme. We have isolated and characterised N2OR from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans (AxN2OR) as a homodimer of M(r) 134,000 containing seven to eight copper atoms per dimer. Comparison of sequence and compositional data with other N2ORs suggests that AxN2OR is typical and can be expected to have similar domain folding and subunit structure to other members of this family of enzymes. We present synchrotron X-ray-scattering data, analysed using a model-independent method for shape restoration, which gave a approximately 20 A resolution structure of the enzyme in solution, providing a glimpse of the structure of any N2OR and shedding light on the molecular architecture of the molecule. The specific activity of AxN2OR was approximately 6 mumol of N2O reduced.min-1. (mg of protein)-1; N2OR activity showed both base and temperature activation. The visible spectrum exhibited an absorption maximum at 550 nm with a shoulder at 635 nm. On oxidation with K3Fe(CN)6, the absorption maximum shifted to 540 nm and a new shoulder at 480 nm appeared. Reduction under anaerobic conditions resulted in the formation of an inactive blue form of the enzyme with a broad absorption maximum at 650 nm. As isolated, the enzyme shows an almost featureless EPR spectrum, which changes on oxidation to give an almost completely resolved seven-line hyperfine signal in the gII region, g = 2.18, with AII = 40 G, consistent with the enzyme being partially reduced as isolated. Both the optical and EPR spectra of the oxidized enzyme are characteristic of the presence of a CuA centre.  (+info)

PCR detection of genes encoding nitrite reductase in denitrifying bacteria. (4/705)

Using consensus regions in gene sequences encoding the two forms of nitrite reductase (Nir), a key enzyme in the denitrification pathway, we designed two sets of PCR primers to amplify cd1- and Cu-nir. The primers were evaluated by screening defined denitrifying strains, denitrifying isolates from wastewater treatment plants, and extracts from activated sludge. Sequence relationships of nir genes were also established. The cd1 primers were designed to amplify a 778 to 799-bp region of cd1-nir in the six published sequences. Likewise, the Cu primers amplified a 473-bp region in seven of the eight published Cu-nir sequences. Together, the two sets of PCR primers amplified nir genes in nine species within four genera, as well as in four of the seven sludge isolates. The primers did not amplify genes of nondenitrifying strains. The Cu primers amplified the expected fragment in all 13 sludge samples, but cd1-nir fragments were only obtained in five samples. PCR products of the expected sizes were verified as nir genes after hybridization to DNA probes, except in one case. The sequenced nir fragments were related to other nir sequences, demonstrating that the primers amplified the correct gene. The selected primer sites for Cu-nir were conserved, while broad-range primers targeting conserved regions of cd1-nir seem to be difficult to find. We also report on the existence of Cu-nir in Paracoccus denitrificans Pd1222.  (+info)

The blue copper-containing nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans: cloning of the nirA gene and characterization of the recombinant enzyme. (5/705)

The nirA gene encoding the blue dissimilatory nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans has been cloned and sequenced. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the characterization of a gene encoding a blue copper-containing nitrite reductase. The deduced amino acid sequence exhibits a high degree of similarity to other copper-containing nitrite reductases from various bacterial sources. The full-length protein included a 24-amino-acid leader peptide. The nirA gene was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and was shown to be exported to the periplasm. Purification was achieved in a single step, and analysis of the recombinant Nir enzyme revealed that cleavage of the signal peptide occurred at a position identical to that for the native enzyme isolated from A. xylosoxidans. The recombinant Nir isolated directly was blue and trimeric and, on the basis of electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and metal analysis, possessed only type 1 copper centers. This type 2-depleted enzyme preparation also had a low nitrite reductase enzyme activity. Incubation of the periplasmic fraction with copper sulfate prior to purification resulted in the isolation of an enzyme with a full complement of type 1 and type 2 copper centers and a high specific activity. The kinetic properties of the recombinant enzyme were indistinguishable from those of the native nitrite reductase isolated from A. xylosoxidans. This rapid isolation procedure will greatly facilitate genetic and biochemical characterization of both wild-type and mutant derivatives of this protein.  (+info)

Transcriptional organization of the czc heavy-metal homeostasis determinant from Alcaligenes eutrophus. (6/705)

The Czc system of Alcaligenes eutrophus mediates resistance to cobalt, zinc, and cadmium through ion efflux catalyzed by the CzcCB2A cation-proton antiporter. DNA sequencing of the region upstream of the czcNICBADRS determinant located on megaplasmid pMOL30 revealed the 5' end of czcN and a gene for a MgtC-like protein which is transcribed in the orientation opposite that of czc. Additional open reading frames upstream of czc had no homologs in the current databases. Using oligonucleotide-probed Northern blotting experiments, a 500-nucleotide czcN message and a 400-nucleotide czcI message were found, and the presence of 6, 200-nucleotide czcCBA message (D. Van der Lelie et al., Mol. Microbiol. 23:493-503, 1997) was confirmed. Induction of czcN, czcI, czcCBA, and czcDRS followed a similar pattern: transcription was induced best by 300 microM zinc, less by 300 microM cobalt, and only slightly by 300 microM cadmium. Reverse transcription-PCR gave evidence for additional continuous transcription from czcN to czcC and from czcD to czcS, but not between czcA and czcD nor between czcS and a 131-amino-acid open reading frame following czcS. The CzcR putative response regulator was purified and shown to bind in the 5' region of czcN. A reporter strain carrying a czcNIC-lacZ-czcBADRS determinant on plasmid pMOL30 was constructed, as were DeltaczcR and DeltaczcS mutants of this strain and of AE128(pMOL30) wild type. Experiments on (i) growth of these strains in liquid culture containing 5 mM Zn2+, (ii) induction of the beta-galactosidase in the reporter strains by zinc, cobalt, and cadmium, and (iii) cDNA analysis of czcCBA mRNA synthesis under inducing and noninducing conditions showed that the CzcRS two-component regulatory system is involved in Czc regulation.  (+info)

Re-evaluation of the primary structure of Ralstonia eutropha phasin and implications for polyhydroxyalkanoic acid granule binding. (7/705)

Sequence analysis of several cDNAs encoding the phasin protein of Ralstonia eutropha indicated that the carboxyl terminus of the resulting derived protein sequence is different from that reported previously. This was confirmed by: (1) sequencing of the genomic DNA; (2) SDS-PAGE and peptide analysis of wild-type and recombinant phasin; and (3) mass spectrometry of wild-type phasin protein. The results have implications for the model proposed for the binding of this protein to polyhydroxyalkanoic acid granules in the bacterium.  (+info)

Phospholipid bound to the flavohemoprotein from Alcaligenes eutrophus. (8/705)

The structurally characterized flavohemoprotein from Alcaligenes eutrophus (FHP) contains a phospholipid-binding site with 1-16 : 0-2-cyclo-17 : 0-diacyl-glycerophospho-ethanolamine and 1-16 : 0-2-cyclo-17 : 0-diacyl-glycerophospho-glycerol as the major occupying compounds. The structure of the phospholipid is characterized by its compact form, due to the -sc/beta/-sc conformation of the glycerol and the nonlinear arrangement of the sn-1- and sn-2-fatty acid chains. The phospholipid-binding site is located adjacent to the heme molecule at the bottom of a large cavity. The fatty acid chains form a large number of van der Waal's contacts with nonpolar side chains, whereas the glycerophosphate moiety, which points towards the entrance of the channel, is linked to the protein matrix by polar interactions. The thermodynamically stable globin module of FHP, obtained after cleaving off the oxidoreductase module, also contains the phospholipid and can therefore be considered as a phospholipid-binding protein. Single amino acid exchanges designed to decrease the lipid-binding site revealed both the possibility of blocking incorporation of the phospholipid and its capability to evade steric barriers. Conformational changes in the phospholipid can also be induced by binding heme-ligating compounds. Phospholipid binding is not a general feature of flavohemoproteins, because the Escherichia coli and the yeast protein exhibit less and no lipid affinity, respectively.  (+info)

Siderophore production in response to iron limitation was observed in Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34, and the corresponding siderophore was named alcaligin E. Alcaligin E was characterized as a phenolate-type siderophore containing neither catecholate nor hydroxamate groups, Alcaligin E promoted the growth of siderophore-deficient A. eutrophus mutants under iron-restricted
Role of arginine residues of D-aminoacylase from Alcaligenes xylosoxydans subsp. xylosoxydans A-6.: To investigate the role of arginine in the folding of d-amin
Colonization by Alcaligenes xylosoxidans in children with cystic fibrosis: a retrospective clinical study conducted by means of molecular epidemiological investigation
Gentaur molecular products has all kinds of products like :search , AbD \ GOAT ANTI ALCALIGENES SPP CHOLINE OXIDASE, Product Type Polyclonal Antibody, Specificity CHOLINE OXIDASE, Target Species Bacterial, Host Goat, Format Purified, Isotypes Polyclonal IgG, Applicati \ 2080-5050 for more molecular products just contact us
A sandy loam soil near field capacity moisture content (psi = -0.050 MPa) or air dried (psi = -300 MPa) was inoculated with about 3 x 10(7) CFU of Enterobacter cloacae JP120 and Alcaligenes eutrophus AEO106(pRO101) per g and incubated in 40-g portions at 17 degrees C in closed or open Erlenmeyer flasks. In the field-moist soil, selective plating, direct viable counts, and DNA hybridization showed only minor changes in the numbers of E. cloacae and A. eutrophus cells with time (14 days), and the results obtained with the three detection methods generally agreed. In the air-dried soil, the majority of both bacteria were found as intact DNA-carrying cells that were neither culturable nor viable by the methods employed in this study. The numbers of culturable E. cloacae and A. eutrophus cells dropped to 10(5) and 10(2) CFU/g, respectively, 2 h after inoculation. Direct viable counts showed that only about 1% of the cells detected by immunofluorescence microscopy were viable, but a fraction of viable ...
1ET7: Catalytic roles for two water bridged residues (Asp-98 and His-255) in the active site of copper-containing nitrite reductase.
1l9s: Directing the mode of nitrite binding to a copper-containing nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6: characterization of an active site isoleucine.
TWENTY FIVE Aspergillus isolates were screened from Giza Governorate and Saint Catherine Protectorate soils in Egypt. The antimicrobial activity of the crude extracts was tested against two Gram positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis NRRL-B-4219, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC29213), four Gram negative bacteria (Alcaligenes faecalis B-170, Escherichia coli ATCC25922, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC10131, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC27953), and one yeast (Candida albicans ATCC10231). The antioxidant activity using free radical scavenging model was assayed for the crude extracts. The antitumor activity for all of crude extracts was determined against HCT116 (Colon carcinoma cell line), HEPG2 (Liver carcinoma cell line), and MCF-7 (Breast carcinoma cell line). Aspergillus nomius was the most potent fungal species accordingly, it was chosen for bioactivity assay. Identification of this species was further confirmed at the molecular level based on nuclear ribosomal DNA 18s identities. An accession number, LC199488, was
1GS6: Biochemical and Crystallographic Studies of the met144Ala, Asp92Asn and His254Phe Mutants of the Nitrite Reductase from Alcaligenes Xylosoxidans Provide Insight Into the Enzyme Mechanism.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Eight strains of hydrogen bacteria belonging to the genera Hydrogenomonas, Pseudomonas, Nocardia, and to coryneform bacteria have been analyzed with respect to the cytochrome patterns. All strains...
Alcaligenes Polysaccharides are manufactured by Hakuto under the tradename Alcasealan, and probably distributed in Europe by Nagase. It is described as a natural polysaccharides produced from fermentation. The polymer chain of Alcasealan forms a three-dimension network to hold free water as well as binding it. This 3D network has a unique characteristic which forms a moisturising film on the skin with unique lightweight texture. Alcasealan is widely used as emulsion and dispersion stabiliser; it also helps to suspense powders and glitters in cosmetics formulations. ...
This is a water gelling agent made from a Gram-negative bacteria, similar to xanthan gum.. A 0.001% concentration can thicken up a product quite nicely, which is good because it costs more than $10 000 for a kilo.. Beyond thickening water, it also has moisturizing properties, similar to hyaluronic acid.. Is it better or worth the money? Im not sure - but if the popularity of this ingredient increases, the cost will go down. Much of the cost is the low yield from production. You can read more about how its produced here.. Japanese and Korean suppliers tend to have many unique and interesting raw materials, from my experience.. Its found in a few commercial products, which are very luxury and expensive (as is to be expected).. ...
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Achromobacter species derived from the sputa of CF patients are garnering increasing attention. Indeed, improvements in diagnostic techniques enabling the correct distinction of these species from other CF pathogens, such as P. aeruginosa, and selective antimicrobial pressures may have contributed to their initial recognition (19, 23), although their rates did not appear to be changing over the last decade (7). Our study is the first to report epidemiological and clinical outcome data for CF patients infected with Achromobacter species in a North American cohort.. The cumulative prevalence of Achromobacter isolation of 11% in our center is comparable to those previously reported for small centers, which ranged from 5 to 29% (11, 12), although this spans 3 decades, making the incidence of infection very low. While others have reported that older patients and patients with greater lung disease burden appear to be predisposed to infection with Achromobacter species (11, 18), we did not observe any ...
Achromobacter sp. AO22 (formerly Alcaligenes sp. AO22), a bacterial strain isolated from a lead-contaminated industrial site in Australia, was previously found to be resistant to moderate to high levels of mercury, copper and other heavy metals. However, the nature and location of the genetic basis for mercuric ion resistance in this strain, had not been previously identified. Achromobacter sp. AO22 contains a functional mer operon with all four essential genes (merRTPA) and shows |99% DNA sequence identity to that of Tn501. The mer operon was present on a transposon, designated TnAO22, captured by introducing a broad-host-range IncP plasmid into Achromobacter sp. AO22 and subsequently transferring it to E. coli recipients. The transposition frequency of TnAO22 was 10-2 to 10-3 per target plasmid transferred. Analysis of TnAO22 sequence revealed it belonged to the Tn21 subgroup of the Tn3 superfamily of transposons, with the transposition module having |99% identity with Tn5051 of a Pseudomonas putida
2-Aminobenzenesulphonic acid (2AS) is degraded by Alcaligenes sp. strain O-1 via a previously detected but unidentified intermediate. A mutant of strain O-1 was found to excrete this intermediate, which was isolated and identified by m.s., 1H- and 13C-n.m.r. as 3-sulphocatechol (3SC). Proteins from cell extracts of strain O-1 were separated by anion-exchange chromatography. A multicomponent oxygenase was observed to convert 1 mol each of NADH, O2 and 2AS into 1 mol each of 3SC, NH3 and NAD+. The enzyme presumably catalysed formation of the ring of a 2-amino-2,3-diol moiety, and elimination in the amino group led to a rearomatization. 3SC was further degraded via meta ring cleavage, which could be prevented by inactivation of the 3-sulphocatechol-2,3-dioxygenase (3SC23O) with 3-chlorocatechol. In Tris buffer, the separated 3SC23O catalysed the reaction of 1 mol each of 3SC and O2 involving a transient yellow intermediate, and release of 1 mol of sulphite and two organic products. The major ...
This large outbreak (N = 12) of A. xylosoxidans bloodstream infections was caused by 1 strain, which was also isolated from CVC biofilm. Symptoms of bloodstream infection probably occurred when flushes detached bacteria from the CVC biofilm. The prospective study found that 3 (10%) of 29 patients had A. xylosoxidans-positive blood cultures. Our case-control and prospective studies support the association of A. xylosoxidans bloodstream infection and CVCs, and our molecular biologic studies confirm A. xylosoxidans biofilm of the same outbreak strain on a CVC. A. xylosoxidans outbreaks reported to date have been associated with healthcare and contamination of hospital products (1,2,5,12-14), but none occurred in an outpatient setting.. The cause of this outbreak most likely was the use of contaminated multidose vials of heparin or saline flushes, leading to the formation of an A. xylosoxidans biofilm on CVCs. Case-patient 1 had been hospitalized from late October through early November at Hospital ...
Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis ATCC ® 8750™ Designation: 16 TypeStrain=True Application: Produces nitrilase Quality control strain Quality control strain for Autobac products
Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis ATCC ® 35655™ Designation: LRA 41 02 82 TypeStrain=False Application: Quality control strain Quality control strain for API products
The nickel resistance determinant ncrABCY was identified in Leptospirillum ferriphilum UBK03. Within this operon, ncrA and ncrC encode two membrane proteins that form an efflux system, and ncrB encodes NcrB, which belongs to an uncharacterized family (DUF156) of proteins. How this determinant is regulated remains unknown. Our data indicate that expression of the nickel resistance determinant is induced by nickel. The promoter of ncrA, designated pncrA, was cloned into the promoter probe vector pPR9TT, and co-transformed with either a wild-type or mutant nickel resistance determinant. The results revealed that ncrB encoded a transcriptional regulator that could regulate the expression of ncrA, ncrB, and ncrC. A GC-rich inverted repeat sequence was identified in the promoter pncrA. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSAs) and footprinting assays showed that purified NcrB could specifically bind to the inverted repeat sequence of pncrA in vitro; this was confirmed by bacterial one-hybrid analysis.
A Megaplasmid-Borne Anaerobic Ribonucleotide Reductase in Alcaligenes eutrophus H16: The conjugative 450-kb megaplasmid pHG1 is essential for the anaerobic grow
The biopharmaceutical industry needs faster and more efficient development of new drugs and their market introduction as well as shorter process development times for both upstream and downstream operations. It has become more commonplace to use high-throughput development techniques to save time (1). Development is also sped up by applying platform technologies based on the unsurpassed selectivity of protein A resins (2,3,4,5,6), which is the foundation for downstream processing of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). This is the second of two articles…. ...
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In nature a significant part of the microbial activity is concentrated at or near oxic/anoxic interfaces, where oxygen concentrations are often low. Bacteria possessing different kinetic characteristics for oxygen and employing distinct metabolic pathways for the degradation of (halo)aromatic substrates for which oxygen is needed as co-substrate may have to compete with each other in such environments. In this study the competitiveness of Pseudomonas sp. strain A3 relative to Alcaligenes sp. strain L6 was tested in batch and in continuous cultures. While both of these strains are able to metabolise 3-chlorobenzoate (3CBA), the former was isolated under air saturating conditions and employs the catechol pathway, whereas the latter was isolated under reduced partial pressures of oxygen and was capable of metabolising 3CBA via the gentisate pathway. Competition experiments in batch culture resulted in pure cultures of Pseudomonas sp. strain A3 under air saturating conditions. However, if reduced ...
It is generally assumed that tethering enhances rates of electron harvesting and delivery to active sites in multidomain enzymes by proximity and sampling mechanisms. Here, we explore this idea in a tethered 3-domain, trimeric copper-containing nitrite reductase. By reverse engineering, we find that …
Background and Aims: Food is of paramount importance to the sustenance of human health, on that basis this study was initiated with a view to determining bacterial agents associated with the vended foods and to investigating antibacterial resistance of the isolates. Methods: Twelve food samples from vendors were randomly collected from ten locations within Lagos environs. The food samples were analyzed bacteriologically by standard methods. The isolates were identified and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing using standard procedures. Results: The total plate counts of bacteria recorded was between 2.98 × 103 cfu/g in Jollofrice and 4.09 × 104 cfu/g in Salad. Seventy-six bacterial isolates made up of six genera; Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurium, Alcaligenes spp., Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter spp., Serratia marcensens and Proteus spp. were identified. Most of the bacterial isolates were moderately sensitive to cotrimoxazole, nalidixic acid, amoxicillin and nitrofurantion
Knowledge and management of aquatic ecosystems (formerly Bulletin Français de la Pèche et de la Pisciculture), an international journal on freshwater ecosystem
strict aerobe by thioglyoclate test, negative carb fermentation, positive citrate, negative indole, positive urease, catalase positive, gram negative rod,positive decarboxylation tests......I think I have Alcaligenes faecalis or pseudomonas aerugenosa. Motility was positive from the deep stab. I think my test results match those organism except for the positive urease ...
bacteria HoxJ protein: putative histidine protein kinase and molecular hydrogen sensor; GenBank U82565 (Alcaligenes hydrogenophilus)
Dodgson, K.S., Spencer, B. and Williams, K. (1956). „Studies on sulphatases. 13. The hydrolysis of substituted phenyl sulphates by the arylsulphatase of Alcaligenes metacaligenes. Biochem. J. 64: 216-221. PMID 13363831 ...
Achromobacter xylosoxidans (formerly Alcaligenes xylosoxidans) is a Gram-negative, aerobic, oxidase and catalase-positive, motile bacterium with peritrichous flagella, from the genus Achromobacter. It is generally found in wet environments. Achromobacter xylosoxidans can cause infections such as bacteremia, especially in patients with cystic fibrosis. In 2013, the complete genome of an A. xylosoxidans strain from a patient with cystic fibrosis was sequenced. A. xylosoxidans is a Gram-negative rod that does not form spores. It is motile, with peritrichous flagella that distinguish it from Pseudomonas species, and is oxidase-positive, catalase-positive, and citrate-positive. It is urease and indole-negative. It produces acid oxidatively from xylose, but not from lactose, maltose, mannitol, or sucrose. It grows well on MacConkey agar and other inhibitory growth media such as deoxycholate, Salmonella-Shigella, and nalidixic acid-cetrimide agars. It is usually resistant to a variety of antibiotics ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Class 1 integrons and tetracycline resistance genes in Alcaligenes, Arthrobacter, and Pseudomonas spp. isolated from pigsties and manured soil. AU - Agersø, Yvonne. AU - Sandvang, Dorthe. PY - 2005. Y1 - 2005. N2 - The presence of tetracycline resistance (Tc-r) genes and class I integrons (in-1), and their ability to cotransfer were investigated in Tc-r gram-negative (185 strains) and gram-positive (72 strains) bacteria from Danish farmland and pigsties. The isolates belonged to the groups or species Escherichia coli, Enterobacter spp., Arthrobacter spp., Alcaligenes spp., Pseudomonas spp., and Corynebacterium glutamicum. The 257 isolates were screened for in-1. Eighty-one of the gram-negative isolates were also screened for the Tc-r genes tet(A), tet(B), and tet(C), and all (n = 72) gram-positive isolates were screened for tet(33). Fourteen (7%) of the soil isolates and eleven (25%) of the pigsty isolates contained in-1. All isolates that contained tet genes also contained ...
Introduction: Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a water‐borne organism that causes healthcare‐associated infections and has been isolated from blood, cerebrospinal fluid, stool, urine, sputum, peritoneal fluid, skin, ear discharge, wounds, abscesses, bone, joints, endocardium and central venous catheters, mostly in immunocompromised patients. Case presentation: We describe here the rare case of a young immunocompetent alcoholic male admitted with symptoms of acute pancreatitis who failed to improve with conventional management. Blood culture later showed the growth of A. xylosoxidans. The patient improved when he was treated with antibiotics as per the sensitivity report. Conclusion: Although Achromobacter is rarely isolated from clinical samples, it should never be assumed to be a contaminant as this infection has propensity for progression to fatal bacteraemia, even in apparently healthy individuals.
Achromobacter spp. are recognized as emerging pathogens in hospitalized as well as in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. From 2012 to 2015, we collected 69 clinical isolates (41 patient) of Achromobacter spp. from 13 patients with CF (CF isolates, n = 32) and 28 patients receiving care for other health conditions (non-CF isolates, n = 37). Molecular epidemiology and virulence potential of isolates were examined. Antimicrobial susceptibility, motility, ability to form biofilms and binding affinity to mucin, collagen, and fibronectin were tested to assess their virulence traits. The nrdA gene sequencing showed that A. xylosoxidans was the most prevalent species in both CF and non-CF patients. CF patients were also colonized with A. dolens/A, ruhlandii, A. insuavis, and A. spiritinus strains while non-CF group was somewhat less heterogenous, although A. insuavis, A. insolitus, and A. piechaudii strains were detected beside A. xylosoxidans. Three strains displayed clonal distribution, one amon...g ...
To the Editor: The carbapenems (meropenem and imipenem), the ß-lactams with the broadest spectrum, are stable to most ß-lactamases (1). Therefore, they are often used as antibiotics of last resort for treating nosocomial infections due to gram-negative bacteria resistant to other ß-lactams. Resistance to carbapenems and susceptibility to other ß-lactams in Pseudomonas aeruginosa is common as a result of reduced drug accumulation or increased expression of pump efflux (1).. Several extended-spectrum ß-lactamases have been reported in P. aeruginosa, but only two, IMP-1 and VIM-1, possess an extended hydrolysis profile that includes carbapenems (2-5). The chromosome-borne and plasmid-mediated carbapenem-hydrolyzing ß-lactamase, IMP-1, has been described in several gram-negative rods, including P. aeruginosa, P. cepacia, Alcaligenes xylosoxydans, and Enterobacteriaceae isolates in Japan (4,6). Recently, a chromosome-borne carbapenem-hydrolyzing ß-lactamase, VIM-1, was reported from a clinical ...
1.Chen GQ, Wu Q. 2005. The application of polyhydroxyalkanoates as tissue engineering materials. Biomaterials. 26:6565-6578 2. Doi Y, Kunioka M, Nakamura Y, Soga K. 1986. Nuclear magnetic resonance studies on poly(B-hydroxybutyrate) and a copolyester of B-hydroxybutyrate and B-hydroxyvalerate isolated from Alcaligenes eutrophus H16. Macromolecules. 19:2860-2864 3. Endy D. 2005. Foundations for engineering biology. Nature. 438(7067):449-53 4. International Genetically Engineered Machines competition. 15 Jun 2008. 26 Jul 2008. ,http://igem.org, 5. Holmes PA. 1985. Applications of PHB - a microbially produced biodegradable thermoplastic. Physics in technology. 16:32-36 6. Kang Z, Wang Q, and H Zhang. 2008. Construction of a stress-induced system in Escherichia coli for efficient polyhydroxyalkanoates production. Biotechnological Products and Process Engineering. 79:203-208 7. Knight TF. 2003. Idempotent Vector Design for Standard Assembly of BioBricks. Tech. rep., MIT Synthetic Biology Working ...
Bacteria capable of degrading polymeric products were isolated from several sources including tap water, sediment, and a deteriorated polymeric product. Alcaligenes xylosoxidans; T2, Pseudomonas aeruginosa GP10, and Nocardia corynebacterioides S3 were able to utilize rubber products as a sole source of carbon and energy. These microorganisms showed different growth patterns in mineral salt media (MSM) supplemented with rubber strips or with the rubber extract. A. xylosoxidans T2, P. aeruginosa GP10 and N. corynebacterioides S3 reduced the weight of the rubber product by approximately 2.0, 4.0 and 5.3%, respectively, after 70 days of incubation with the rubber product in MSM. On average, 0.45 mg (water-soluble carbon) g(-1) of the rubber product was released into solution phase after 7 days of incubation. Growth of N. corynebacterloides S3 was initially slower but exceeded the other two bacteria upon colonization of the polymer products. N. corynebacterioides S3 formed a dense biofilm on surfaces ...
Design of Enzyme Reactor. Geoff Greer Joseph Gvildys Aaron McGregor April 2 nd , 2007. Enzyme Selection. Transpeptidation Trypsin or Achromobacter lyticus proteinase I Optimal enzyme conditions 4 o C and a pH of 7. Eli Lilly. Enzyme Immobilization. Benefits Slideshow 209542 by...
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Biopolymers for Geotechnical Applications. A number of bacteria, e.g., Alcaligenes eutrophus, have been employed to produce large amounts of intracellular polyester, poly-β-hydroxy butyrate or valerate. These polymer mixtures or copolymers are only sparingly soluble in water, and are stable between pH 3-11 under 10-100°C. These polymers are found to be ideal binders for soil that the strength of soil can be enhanced. For porous media such as sand or clay the permeability can be reduced to almost one million fold; therefore, the bacteria derived polymers are perfect plugging agents for stopping the plumes of subsurface pollutants. This is obviously usethl for on-site contaminant-control for hazardous wastes or chemicals. The microbial polymers, including the extracellulosic polymer, can be used as selective plugging agents, so that the concentration of pollutant can be partitioned (or bio-barrier) in different zones and pockets to allow bioremediation to follow (zonal bioremediation
ID PHG153 preliminary; circular DNA; SYN; 4381 BP. XX AC IG9825; XX DT 01-JUL-1995 (Rel. 11, Created) DT 01-JUL-1995 (Rel. 12, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE E. coli plasmid vector pHG153 - complete. XX KW cloning vector. XX OS Cloning vector OC Artificial sequences; Cloning vehicles. XX RN [1] RC pHG134 from pBR322 & linker RC pHG138 from pUC8 & linker RC pHG140 from pUC8 & linker RC pHG144 from pBR322 & linker RC pHG146 from pUC8 & linkers RC pHG153 from pBR322 & linkers RC pHG155 from pHG153 RC pHG161 from pBR322 & linker RC pHG163 from pHG155 RC pHG165 from pHG163 & pHG146 RC pHG171 from pHG165 & pUC9 RC pHG173 from pHG165 & linker RC pHG175 from pBR322 & linkers RC pHG177 from pHG175 RC pHG179 from pHG165 & pHG175 RC pHG327 from pHG165 & pUC18 RC pHG329 from pHG165 & pUC19 RC pHG331 from pHG146 & pUC18 RC pHG333 from pHG146 & pUC19 RC pHG335 from pHG146 & pUC9 RA Stewart G.S., Lubinsky-Mink S., Jackson C.G., Cassel A., Kuhn J.; RT pHG165: a pBR322 copy number derivative of pUC8 for cloning ...
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Looking for online definition of Achromobacter xylosoxidans in the Medical Dictionary? Achromobacter xylosoxidans explanation free. What is Achromobacter xylosoxidans? Meaning of Achromobacter xylosoxidans medical term. What does Achromobacter xylosoxidans mean?
Biological degradation of phenol by Alcaligenes faecalis with high biodegradation activity and high tolerance was investigated at 25C. Phenol could be utilized by the bacteria as the sole carbon and energy sources. The cell growth and substrate degradation of phenol as single substrates for Alcaligenes faecalis in batch cultures (shaking flasks) were investigated at different initial phenol concentrations. Phenol was observed to be an inhibitory compound. Particularly, when free cells grew on a high concentration of phenol, substrate inhibition was observed and the higher the concentration of phenol, the longer was the lag period. The lag time and whole required time for phenol biodegradation was considerably decreased by immobilized cells due to improvement of cells resistance against high Phenol concentration by cell immobilization compared to free cells. Required time for completely degrade initial phenol of 700 and 1000 ppm by free and immobilized cells is 56, 101 and 35, 72 hours ...
In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, quorum sensing (QS) regulates the production of secondary metabolites, many of which are antimicrobials that impact on polymicrobial community composition. Consequently, quenching QS modulates the environmental impact of P. aeruginosa. To identify bacteria capable of inactivating the QS signal molecule 2-heptyl-3- hydroxy-4(1H)-quinolone (PQS), a minimal medium containing PQS as the sole carbon source was used to enrich a Malaysian rainforest soil sample. This yielded an Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain (Q19) that inactivated PQS, yielding a new fluorescent compound (I-PQS) confirmed as PQS-derived using deuterated PQS. The I-PQS structure was elucidated using mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy as 2-heptyl-2-hydroxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline- 3,4-dione (HHQD). Achromobacter xylosoxidans Q19 oxidized PQS congeners with alkyl chains ranging from C1 to C5 and also N-methyl PQS, yielding the corresponding 2-hydroxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3,4- diones, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - NiFe hydrogenase active site biosynthesis. T2 - Identification of Hyp protein complexes in Ralstonia eutropha. AU - Jones, Anne K.. AU - Lenz, Oliver. AU - Strack, Angelika. AU - Buhrke, Thorsten. AU - Friedrich, Bärbel. PY - 2004/10/26. Y1 - 2004/10/26. N2 - Biosynthesis of the NiFe hydrogenase active site is a complex process involving the action of the Hyp proteins: HypA-HypF. Here we investigate the mechanism of NiFe site biosynthesis in Ralstonia eutropha by examining the interactions between HypC, HypD, HypE, and HypF1. Using an affinity purification procedure based on the Strep-tag, II, we purified HypC and HypE from different genetic backgrounds as complexes with other hydrogenase-related proteins and characterized them using immunological analysis. Copurification of HypC and HoxH, the active site-containing subunit of the soluble hydrogenase in R. eutropha, from several different genetic backgrounds suggests that this complex forms early in the maturation process. With ...
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Methyl 4-fluorobenzoate 403-33-8 MSDS report, Methyl 4-fluorobenzoate MSDS safety technical specifications search, Methyl 4-fluorobenzoate safety information specifications ect.
This study aimed at producing C6-C8 medium-chain carboxylates (MCCAs) directly from gaseous CO using mixed culture. The yield and C2-C8 product composition were investigated when CO was continuously fed with gradually increasing partial pressure. The maximal concentrations of n-caproate, n-heptylate, and n-caprylate were 1.892, 1.635, and 1.033 mmol L−1, which were achieved at the maximal production rates of 0.276, 0.442, and 0.112 mmol L−1 day−1, respectively. Microbial analysis revealed that long-term acclimation and high CO partial pressure were important to establish a CO-tolerant and CO-utilizing chain-elongating microbiome, rich in Acinetobacter, Alcaligenes, and Rhodobacteraceae and capable of forming MCCAs solely from CO. These results demonstrated that carboxylate and syngas platform could be integrated in a shared growth vessel, and could be a promising one-step technique to convert gaseous syngas to preferable liquid biochemicals, thereby avoiding the necessity to coordinate syngas
Methyl 2-bromo-5-fluorobenzoate; CAS Number: 6942-39-8; find Apollo Scientific Ltd-APO455834847 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar products & more at Sigma-Aldrich
ID W8WYL2_CASDE Unreviewed; 561 AA. AC W8WYL2; DT 14-MAY-2014, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 14-MAY-2014, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 19. DE SubName: Full=Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CDM24848.1}; DE EC=1.1.5.3 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CDM24848.1}; GN ORFNames=BN940_11951 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CDM24848.1}; OS Castellaniella defragrans 65Phen. OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Burkholderiales; OC Alcaligenaceae; Castellaniella. OX NCBI_TaxID=1437824 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CDM24848.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000019805}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CDM24848.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000019805} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=65Phen {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CDM24848.1}; RX PubMed=24952578; DOI=10.1186/1471-2180-14-164; RA Petasch J., Disch E.M., Markert S., Becher D., Schweder T., Huttel B., RA Reinhardt R., Harder J.; RT The oxygen-independent metabolism of cyclic monoterpenes in RT Castellaniella defragrans 65Phen.; RL BMC ...
Research outputs, collaborations and relationships for Research Center for Zoonosis Control (CZC), Hokkaido University published between 1 December 2019 - 30 November 2020 as tracked by the Nature Index.
Black dots contaminant phenonmenon: helpful paper - posted in Tissue and Cell Culture: Dear all,It seems like many researcher faced with this bizarre black dancing dots in cell culture, and me too! So Ive search about this issue and found one paper that published in Biologicals 2010. Gray JS, Birmingham JM, Fenton JI.Got black swimming dots in your cell culture? Identification of Achromobacter as a novel cell culture contaminant Biologicals. 2010 Mar;38(2):273-7. Epub 2009 Nov 18....
Acorda Therapeutics Inc (NASDAQ: ACOR), a biopharmaceutical company that develops therapies for neurological disorders, on Tuesday announced that ...
This webcast is for JMP Clinical users. See examples of how to use JMP Clinical to examine adverse events, abnormal findings and drug efficacy indicators to help expedite the review, analysis and reporting of clinical trials.
Di*late .] [L. dilatare; either fr. di- = dis- + latus wide, not the same word as latus, used as p. p. of ferre to bear (see Latit...
Bacteria which give negative results for the indole test include: Actinobacillus spp., Aeromonas salmonicida, Alcaligenes sp., ...
stewartii) succinoglycan (Alcaligenes faecalis var. myxogenes, Sinorhizobium meliloti) xanthan (Xanthomonas campestris) welan ( ... Alcaligenes spp.) Extracellular matrix in multi-cellular organisms Exopolymer Staudt C, Horn H, Hempel DC, Neu TR (2004). " ... Alcaligenes faecalis var. myxogenes) cyclosophorans (Agrobacterium spp., Rhizobium spp. and Xanthomonas spp.) dextran ( ... Alcaligenes viscosus, Zymomonas mobilis, Bacillus subtilis) pullulan (Aureobasidium pullulans) scleroglucan (Sclerotium rolfsii ...
... blue copper protein from Alcaligenes faecalis; cupredoxin (CPC) from Cucumis sativus (Cucumber) peelings; cusacyanin (basic ...
Schneider, K.; Cammack, R.; Schlegel, G. & Hall, D. (1979). "The iron-sulphur centres of soluble hydrogenase from Alcaligenes ... H. eutrophus was then renamed Alcaligenes eutropha because it was a micro-organism with degenerated peritrichous flagellation. ... 1995). "Transfer of two Burkholderia and an Alcaligenes species to Ralstonia gen. nov.: proposal of Ralstonia pickettii ( ... Schneider, K.; Schlegel, H. (1976). "Purification and properties of soluble hydrogenase from Alcaligenes eutrophus H 16". ...
Deveryshetty J, Phale PS (October 2010). "Biodegradation of phenanthrene by Alcaligenes sp. strain PPH: partial purification ...
for Alcaligenes paradoxus (Davis 1969). 1991. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 41: 445-450 PDF Online[ ...
... were originally classified in the genera Alcaligenes along with V. paradoxus (Alcaligenes eutrophus and Alicaligenes paradoxus ... nov., for Alcaligenes paradoxus (Davis 1969)". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 41 (3): 445-450. doi:10.1099/ ...
Monias, B. L. (1928). "Classification of Bacterium alcaligenes pyocyaneum and fluorescens". J Infect Dis. 43 (4): 330-334. doi: ...
It can be found in Alcaligenes species. The enzyme 4-chlorobenzoate dehalogenase uses 4-chlorobenzoate and H2O to produce 4- ...
... pp.294-300 Received as revised 22 February The Lysis of Gram-negative Alcaligenes eutrophus and Alcaligenes latus by Palmitoyl ... Straininfo of Alcaligenes latus UniProt Lee, SY; Choi Ji, Han K; Song, JY (1999). "Removal of endotoxin during purification of ... Alcaligenes latus has been reclassified as Azohydromonas lata. "IPSN LPSN". Retrieved 14 October 2017. ... "Reclassification of Alcaligenes latus strains IAM 12599T and IAM 12664 and Pseudomonas saccharophila as Azohydromonas lata gen ...
Wakayama M, Hayashi S, Yatsuda Y, Katsuno Y, Sakai K, Moriguchi M (1996). "Overproduction of D-aminoacylase from Alcaligenes ... "Cloning and sequencing of a gene encoding D-aminoacylase from Alcaligenes xylosoxydans subsp. xylosoxydans A-6 and expression ...
Nakajima M, Shirokane Y, Mizusawa K (1980). "A new amidinohydrolase, methylguanidine amidinohydrolase from Alcaligenes sp. N-42 ...
Ermler U, Siddiqui RA, Cramm R, Friedrich B (December 1995). "Crystal structure of the flavohemoglobin from Alcaligenes ... "Phospholipid bound to the flavohemoprotein from Alcaligenes eutrophus". Eur. J. Biochem. 262 (2): 396-405. doi:10.1046/j.1432- ...
Open pan-genome has been observed in environmental isolates such as Alcaligenes sp. and Serratia sp., showing a sympatric ... Basharat Z, Yasmin A, He T, Tong Y (2018). "Genome sequencing and analysis of Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. phenolicus MB207". ...
Hiatt, Howard H; Horecker, B L (13 October 1955). "D-erythrose metabolism in a strain of Alcaligenes faecalis". Journal of ...
In Alcaligenes eutrophus the gene for this is hoxN. Well known nickel organometalic (or organonickel) compounds include ...
It was reported to be produced by Alcaligenes faecalis var. myxogenes. Subsequently, the taxonomy of this non-pathogenic ... Production by a Mutant of Alcaligenes faecalis var myxogenes in Defined Medium". Agric Biol Chem. 30: 764-769. doi:10.1271/ ...
Mauger J, Nagasawa T, Yamada H (1990). "Occurrence of a novel nitrilase, arylacetonitrilase, in Alcaligenes faecalis JM3". Arch ... Nagasawa T, Mauger J, Yamada H (1990). "A novel nitrilase, arylacetonitrilase, of Alcaligenes faecalis JM3 Purification and ...
"Cloning and sequence analysis of czc genes in Alcaligenes sp. strain CT14". Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 60 (4): 699-704. doi: ...
June 1, 1994). "Oxygenation and spontaneous deamination of 2-aminobenzenesulphonic acid in Alcaligenes sp. strain O-1 with ... benzenesulphonic and 4-toluenesulphonic acids in Alcaligenes sp. strain O-1". Microbiology. 140 (7): 1713-22. doi:10.1099/ ...
"Purification and characterization of dichloromuconate cycloisomerase from Alcaligenes eutrophus JMP 134". Biochem. J. 266 (3): ...
"Oxygenation and spontaneous deamination of 2-aminobenzenesulphonic acid in Alcaligenes sp. strain O-1 with subsequent meta ring ... benzenesulphonic and 4-toluenesulphonic acids in Alcaligenes sp. strain O-1". Microbiology. 140 ( Pt 7) (7): 1713-22. doi: ...
However, caffeine dehydrogenase has also been found as a monomeric structure in Alcaligenes sp. strain CF8 (65 kDa) and a ... In addition, the caffeine dehydrogenase found in Alcaligenes species CF8 may be useful in waste treatment and biosensor ... CBB1 and in several species within the genera Alcaligenes, Rhodococcus, and Klebsiella. Caffeine dehydrogenase found in ... "Purification and characterization of a novel caffeine oxidase from Alcaligenes species". Journal of Biotechnology. 125 (3): 319 ...
Alcaligenes faecalis, Pseudomonas, and Illyobacter delafieldi, are obtained from anaerobic sludge. Comamonas testosteroni and ...
Schneider K, Schlegel HG (1976). "Purification and properties of soluble hydrogenase from Alcaligenes eutrophus H 16". Biochim ...
Furthermore, PRK isolated from Alcaligenes eutrophus has been shown to use uridine triphosphate (UTP) and guanosine ... some catalytic and molecular properties of phosphoribulokinase from Alcaligenes eutrophus". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA ...
Yabuuchi, E.; Kosako, Y.; Yano, I.; Hotta, H.; Nishiuchi, Y. (1995). "Transfer of two Burkholderia and an Alcaligenes species ... Notable species demonstrated as suitable for use as bioremediation agents include: P. alcaligenes, which can degrade polycyclic ...
"Transfer of two Burkholderia and an Alcaligenes species To ralstonia gen. nov.: Proposal of Ralstonia pickettii (Ralston, ...
Yamamoto K, Oishi K, Fujimatsu I, Komatsu K (1991). "Production of R-(−)-mandelic acid from mandelonitrile by Alcaligenes ...
"Purification and properties of cis-phenanthrene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase in Alcaligenes faecalis AFK2". Agric. Biol. Chem. 52 ...
The name Alcaligenes has its origin in Arabic and Greek and means "alkali-producing". It was named in 1919. "Alcaligenes - ... "Alcaligenes". "Alcaligenes". Malek-Marín T et al. (2009) A case of endocarditis of difficult diagnosis in dialysis: could "pest ... Alcaligenes is a genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. The species are motile with amphitrichous flagella and ... Strains of Alcaligenes (such as A. faecalis) are found mostly in the intestinal tracts of vertebrates, decaying materials, ...
Alcaligenes venustus is a bacterium which has been reclassified to Halomonas venusta. IPSN lpsn.dsmz.de Straininfo Alcaligenes ...
Alcaligenes bronchisepticus. Other names i. › "Alcaligenes bronchicanis" (Ferry 1911) Haupt 1935. › "Alcaligenes ... Alcaligenes bronchicanis. › Bacillus bronchicanis. › Bacillus bronchisepticus. › Bacterium bronchisepticus. › Bordetella ...
Alcaligenes strains were grown in mineral salts medium (20) containing 0.4% succinate (SN) or 0.2% fructose and 0.2% glycesd ( ... The proteobacterium Alcaligenes eutrophus is one of the best-studied facultative lithoautotrophs and well adapted to the ... A novel multicomponent regulatory system mediates H2 sensing in Alcaligenes eutrophus Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you ... A novel multicomponent regulatory system mediates H2 sensing in Alcaligenes eutrophus. Oliver Lenz and Bärbel Friedrich ...
Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis ATCC ® 8750™ Designation: 16 TypeStrain=True Application: Produces nitrilase Quality ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : X05518 Alcaligenes faecalis (ATCC 8750) 5S ribosomal RNA. Nucleotide (GenBank) : AF114786 Alcaligenes ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 8750™) Strain Designations: 16 [NCIB 8156] / Type Strain: ... Genomic DNA from Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis strain 16 [ATCC® 8750™] (ATCC® 8750D-5™) Add to ...
Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis ATCC ® 35655-MINI-PACK™ Designation: LRA 41 02 82 TypeStrain=False Application: ATCC ® ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers ATCC® 35655-MINI-PACK™ frozen 6 ready-to-use vials of ATCC® 35655 ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 35655-MINI-PACK™) Strain Designations: LRA 41 02 82 / Type ...
Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis ATCC ® 35655™ Designation: LRA 41 02 82 TypeStrain=False Application: Quality control ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 35655™) Strain Designations: LRA 41 02 82 / Type Strain: no ... Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis Castellani and Chalmers (ATCC® 35655-MINI-PACK™) Add to ...
What is Alcaligenes xylosoxidans? Meaning of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans medical term. What does Alcaligenes xylosoxidans mean? ... Looking for online definition of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans in the Medical Dictionary? Alcaligenes xylosoxidans explanation free ... Alcaligenes xylosoxidans. Also found in: Encyclopedia. Alcaligenes xylosoxidans. a bacterial species isolated from blood, ... Alcaligenes xylosoxidans. A species that does not ferment glucose. It has been implicated rarely in lung infections in patients ...
sp,Q59168,HDDL_ALCXX 2-haloacid dehalogenase, configuration-inverting OS=Alcaligenes xylosoxydans xylosoxydans OX=85698 GN=dhlC ... Alcaligenes xylosoxydans xylosoxydans (Achromobacter xylosoxidans). ,p>This subsection of the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/ ...
... of a cluster of Alcaligenes ruhlandii, a type of Gram-negative bacterium. A. ruhlandii is one of those species of aerobic ... False-colour scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a cluster of Alcaligenes ruhlandii, a type of Gram-negative bacterium. A. ...
Asp92Asn and His254Phe Mutants of the Nitrite Reductase from Alcaligenes Xylosoxidans Provide Insight Into the Enzyme Mechanism ... Crystal structure of M144A mutant of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans Nitrite Reductase. *DOI: 10.2210/pdb1gs6/pdb ...
Asp92Asn and His254Phe Mutants of the Nitrite Reductase from Alcaligenes Xylosoxidans Provide Insight Into the Enzyme Mechanism ...
This bacterium was named ,i,Alcaligenes faecalis,/i, strain MOR02. Microscopic analyses revealed that the bacteria are located ... 16S rRNA gene phylogeny of 24 Alcaligenes spp., including A. defragrans, A. xylosoxidans, and several substrains of A. faecalis ... More recently, the bacteria Flavobacterium sp., Providencia vermicola, and Alcaligenes faecalis were isolated from the nematode ... Lysenko and Weiser [8] isolated bacteria associated with S. carpocapsae, such as Alcaligenes, Pseudomonas, and Acinetobacter ...
Alcaligenes answers are found in the Tabers Medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, ... Alcaligenes is a sample topic from the Tabers Medical Dictionary. To view other topics, please sign in or purchase a ... Alcaligenes xylosoxidans. A species that does not ferment glucose. It has been implicated rarely in lung infections in patients ... Alcaligenes faecalis. A species normally found in the human intestine. It has been associated with hospital-acquired septicemia ...
Other roles of Alcaligenes eutrophus. Bioremediation Agent. Alcaligenes eutrophus have developed resistance to heavy metal ions ... Synthesis in Alcaligenes eutrophus. In A. eutrophus, the synthesis of PHB involves glucose as a carbon source and three enzymes ... Alcaligenes eutrophus forms PHB as a way of fixing carbon and as a form of intercellular storage [4]. When the bacterium runs ... Alcaligenes eutrophus synthesizes different kind of polymers based on the carbon source it is exposed to in the media. For ...
Jin-Feng Zhang, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Yu-Guo Zheng, Improvement of nitrilase production from a newly isolated Alcaligenes faecalis ... A novel synthesis of iminodiacetic acid: Biocatalysis by whole Alcaligenes faecalis ZJB-09133 cells from iminodiacetonitrile. ... A strain with the capability of producing nitrilase, ZJB-09133, was isolated and identified, and later named Alcaligenes ...
All but one were identified as Alcaligenes xylosoxidans; the remaining isolate was identified as Alcaligenes faecalis (formerly ... Twenty-one isolates of Alcaligenes species were recovered from the respiratory tract of 16 patients at Texas Childrens ... Epidemiological investigation of infections due to Alcaligenes species in children and patients with cystic fibrosis: use of ... We conclude that, similar to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Alcaligenes species (most often A. xylosoxidans) colonize the respiratory ...
Tn5563, a transposon encoding putative mercuric ion transport proteins located on plasmid pRA2 of Pseudomonas alcaligenes.. Yeo ... Sequence analysis of pRA2, an endogenous 33-kb plasmid from Pseudomonas alcaligenes NCIB 9867 (strain P25X), revealed the ...
Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34 is a facultative chemolithotroph with plasmid-bound resistance to heavy metals.. M Mergeay, D Nies, ... Alcaligenes eutrophus strain CH34, which was isolated as a bacterium resistant to cobalt, zinc, and cadmium ions, shares with A ... Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34 is a facultative chemolithotroph with plasmid-bound resistance to heavy metals. ... Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34 is a facultative chemolithotroph with plasmid-bound resistance to heavy metals. ...
Liu J, Huang XF, Lu LJ, Xu JC, Wen Y, Yang DH, Zhou Q (2010) Optimization of biodemulsifier production from Alcaligenes sp. S- ... Peng KM, Liu J, Lu LJ, Yin W, Huang XF (2016) Cell surface properties of the demulsifying strain Alcaligenes sp. S-XJ-1 ... Chemically modified surface functional groups of Alcaligenes sp. S-XJ-1 to enhance its demulsifying capability. ... Analysis of biological demulsification process of water-in-oil emulsion by Alcaligenes sp. S-XJ-1. Bioresour Technol 101(21): ...
... of 188 patients with chronic suppurative otitis media in Angola were co-colonized with fluoroquinolone-resistant Alcaligenes ... Strains of Alcaligenes faecalis from clinical material. J Infect. 1997;35:167-9. DOIPubMed ... Fluoroquinolone-Resistant Alcaligenes faecalis Related to Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media, Angola On This Page ... Endophthalmitis caused by Alcaligenes faecalis: a case series. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2013;21:446-8. DOIPubMed ...
Analysis of a 24-kilodalton protein associated with the polyhydroxyalkanoic acid granules in Alcaligenes eutrophus.. R ... Analysis of a 24-kilodalton protein associated with the polyhydroxyalkanoic acid granules in Alcaligenes eutrophus. ... Analysis of a 24-kilodalton protein associated with the polyhydroxyalkanoic acid granules in Alcaligenes eutrophus. ... Analysis of a 24-kilodalton protein associated with the polyhydroxyalkanoic acid granules in Alcaligenes eutrophus. ...
Whilst it has been shown that DAD is a tetramer in solution, the recently solved crystal structure of the Alcaligenes sp. 4HAP ...
Further experiments on the potassium uptake by Alcaligenes faecalis Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you ... Further experiments on the potassium uptake by Alcaligenes faecalis. R HEMS, HA KREBS ...
Siderophore production in response to iron limitation was observed in Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34, and the corresponding ... Siderophore-mediated iron uptake in Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34 and identification of aleB encoding the ferric iron-alcaligin E ... Siderophore-mediated iron uptake in Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34 and identification of aleB encoding the ferric iron-alcaligin E ... Siderophore production in response to iron limitation was observed in Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34, and the corresponding ...
Met144Ala mutation of the copper-containing nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans reverses the intramolecular ... Met144Ala mutation of the copper-containing nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans reverses the intramolecular ...
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... strain S2 was identified as Pseudomonas alcaligenes. P. alcaligenes S2 was mutagenized with Tn5 and four mutants showing ... Pseudomonas alcaligenes mutants lecithin solubilization Tn5 This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. ... To characterize the genes of P. alcaligenes S2 involved in solubilization of lecithin, the EcoR I fragments of the chromosomes ... The secretion of lecithinase of Pseudomonas alcaligenes S2 was via type II secretion pathway. ...
The amo gene of Alcaligenes faecalis strain NR was amplified successfully, and 1639 bp length DNA sequence was obtained. This ... 成功扩增粪产碱杆菌Alcaligenes faecalis NR基因组DNA中amo基因序列,得到长度为1639bp的DNA序列。该段序列包含1个完整的开放阅读框(ORF),编码长度为346aa的多肽链。经过BLAST在线比对分析,该序列为AMO蛋白质
Fate of Enterobacter cloacae JP120 and Alcaligenes eutrophus AEO106(pRO101) in soil during water stress: effects on ... Fate of Enterobacter cloacae JP120 and Alcaligenes eutrophus AEO106(pRO101) in soil during water stress: effects on ... Fate of Enterobacter cloacae JP120 and Alcaligenes eutrophus AEO106(pRO101) in soil during water stress: effects on ... Fate of Enterobacter cloacae JP120 and Alcaligenes eutrophus AEO106(pRO101) in soil during water stress: effects on ...
  • In this report we describe a novel signal transduction system regulating hydrogenase gene ( hox ) expression in the proteobacterium Alcaligenes eutrophus . (pnas.org)
  • The proteobacterium Alcaligenes eutrophus is one of the best-studied facultative lithoautotrophs and well adapted to the changing chemical environment. (pnas.org)
  • Alcaligenes eutrophus. (kenyon.edu)
  • Alcaligenes eutrophus (sometimes referred as Ralstonia metallidurans , Figure 1) is a gram negative bacillus with an optimum-growth temperature of 30 ̊C [1]. (kenyon.edu)
  • In 1989, Sinskey and Peoples identified the location of phbA and phbB genes on plasmid, a single helix double-stranded loop DNA that can replicate independently of the chromosomal DNA, pAeT29 of E. coli and found that their expressions were under the control of Alcaligenes eutrophus promoter. (kenyon.edu)
  • Moreover, Sinskey and Peoples also proposed that Alcaligenes eutrophus had at least two P-ketothiolase and acetoace- tyl-CoA reductase enzymes. (kenyon.edu)
  • Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34 is a facultative chemolithotroph with plasmid-bound resistance to heavy metals. (asm.org)
  • Analysis of a 24-kilodalton protein associated with the polyhydroxyalkanoic acid granules in Alcaligenes eutrophus. (asm.org)
  • A 5.0-kbp genomic EcoRI restriction fragment which complemented a third subclass of polyhydroxyalkanoic acid (PHA)-leaky mutants of A. eutrophus that accumulated PHA at a lower rate than the wild type was cloned from Alcaligenes eutrophus H16. (asm.org)
  • Siderophore production in response to iron limitation was observed in Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34, and the corresponding siderophore was named alcaligin E. Alcaligin E was characterized as a phenolate-type siderophore containing neither catecholate nor hydroxamate groups, Alcaligin E promoted the growth of siderophore-deficient A. eutrophus mutants under iron-restricted conditions and promoted Fe-59 uptake by iron-limited cells. (rti.org)
  • Fate of Enterobacter cloacae JP120 and Alcaligenes eutrophus AEO106(pRO101) in soil during water stress: effects on culturability and viability. (asm.org)
  • A sandy loam soil near field capacity moisture content (psi = -0.050 MPa) or air dried (psi = -300 MPa) was inoculated with about 3 x 10(7) CFU of Enterobacter cloacae JP120 and Alcaligenes eutrophus AEO106(pRO101) per g and incubated in 40-g portions at 17 degrees C in closed or open Erlenmeyer flasks. (asm.org)
  • Molecular characterization of a deletion-prone region of plasmid pAE1 of Alcaligenes eutrophus H1. (growkudos.com)
  • Alcaligenes venustus is a bacterium which has been reclassified to Halomonas venusta. (wikipedia.org)
  • False-colour scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a cluster of Alcaligenes ruhlandii, a type of Gram-negative bacterium. (sciencephoto.com)
  • This bacterium was named Alcaligenes faecalis strain MOR02. (hindawi.com)
  • Alcaligenes faecalis ZD02, a Novel Nematicidal Bacterium with an Extracellular Serine Protease Virulence Factor. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A heavy-metal tolerant novel bacterium, Alcaligenes pakistanensis sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Classification of Bacterium alcaligenes pyocyaneum and fluorescens. (dsmz.de)
  • Alcaligenes faecalis is a Gram-negative, non-fermentative bacterium that is strictly motile and aerobic. (essaykitchen.net)
  • Proteus mirabilis was the second roquinolone-resistant Alcaligenes faecalis , commonly found most common bacterium (n = 7), followed by Klebsiella in birds. (cdc.gov)
  • A chitinase-producing bacterium isolated from seafood effluent was identified as Alcaligenes faecalis AU02. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Alcaligenes faecalis is the predominant Gram-negative bacterium inhabiting gut-associated lymphoid tissues, Peyer's patches. (elsevier.com)
  • Alcaligenes species have been increasingly recovered over the past decade from patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). An experiment recently examined the frequency of correct identification of Alcaligenes species by microbiology labs affiliated with American CF patient care centers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Epidemiological investigation of infections due to Alcaligenes species in children and patients with cystic fibrosis: use of repetitive-element-seq. (nih.gov)
  • Twenty-one isolates of Alcaligenes species were recovered from the respiratory tract of 16 patients at Texas Children's Hospital over a 1-year period. (nih.gov)
  • We conclude that, similar to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Alcaligenes species (most often A. xylosoxidans) colonize the respiratory tract of intubated children and of patients with CF. Colonization of patients with CF was associated with an exacerbation of pulmonary symptoms. (nih.gov)
  • During studies of ear disharge caused by otitis media, we detected the gram-negative bacillus Alcaligenes faecalis in addition to the commonly isolated bacterial species ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, strain AER10 T is a representative of a novel species in the genus Alcaligenes , for which the name Alcaligenes endophyticus sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Alcaligenes genus level. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Some During studies of ear disharge caused by otitis media, patients in the geographic area also used cockroach paste, we detected the gram-negative bacillus Alcaligenes faeca- palm oil, sweet olive oil, sewing machine oil, or breast lis in addition to the commonly isolated bacterial species milk to prevent ear discharge. (cdc.gov)
  • PHA depolymerase activities for Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Role of arginine residues of D-aminoacylase from Alcaligenes xylosoxydans subsp. (mysciencework.com)
  • A Novel Inducer, γ-Methyl-d-Leucine, of D-Aminoacylase from Alcaligenes Denitrificans Subsp. (elsevier.com)
  • Sequence analysis of pRA2, an endogenous 33-kb plasmid from Pseudomonas alcaligenes NCIB 9867 (strain P25X), revealed the presence of a 6256-bp transposon of the Tn3 family, designated Tn5563. (nih.gov)
  • The 2489-bp IS1491 was isolated from a Pseudomonas alcaligenes NCIB 9867 (strain P25X) 4.8-kb PstI chromosomal fragment. (nus.edu.sg)
  • Purification and characterization of the nitrilase from Alcaligenes faecalis ATCC 8750 responsible for enantioselective hydrolysis of mandelonitrile. (atcc.org)
  • X05518 Alcaligenes faecalis (ATCC 8750) 5S ribosomal RNA. (atcc.org)
  • The maintenance of naphthalene utilization activity is studied in Pseudomonas putida (ATCC 17484) and an Alcaligenes sp. (asm.org)
  • Effect of Tween 80 on the production of curdlan by Alcaligenes faecalis ATCC 31749. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Azithromycin-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, azithromycin-ceftazidime, and azithromycin-doxycycline or azithromycin-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole inhibited 40, 20, and 22% of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia , Burkholderia cepacia complex, and Achromobacter ( Alcaligenes ) xylosoxidans strains, respectively. (asm.org)
  • Among the organisms within the Alcaligenes genus, Alcaligenes faecalis remains the only one with clinical importance after some were transferred to Achromobacter genus. (essaykitchen.net)
  • Characterization of Alcaligenes faecalis strain AD15 indicating biocontrol activity against plant pathogens. (semanticscholar.org)
  • 2009. Characterization and Optimization of Extracellular Alkaline Lipase Production by Alcaligenes sp. (ilmuveteriner.com)
  • Abstract Alcaligenes xylosoxidans is an aerobic, motile, oxidase and catalase positive, nonfermentative Gram negative bacillus. (journaldatabase.info)
  • Alcaligenes is a genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lysenko and Weiser [ 8 ] isolated bacteria associated with S. carpocapsae , such as Alcaligenes, Pseudomonas , and Acinetobacter spp. (hindawi.com)
  • Among the many hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria, the Alcaligenes are characterized by their ability in forming two hydrogenases: an NAD-reducing hydrogenase found in the cytoplasm and a membrane-bound hydrogenase [2]. (kenyon.edu)
  • Cell-surface functional groups (amino, carboxyl, hydroxyl, as well as phosphate) were chemically modified in various ways to enhance the demulsification capability of the demulsifying bacteria Alcaligenes sp. (springer.com)
  • AF114786 Alcaligenes faecalis copper dependent nitrite reductase (nir) gene, partial cds. (atcc.org)
  • In 2002, we investigated a cluster of patients with Alcaligenes xylosoxidans bloodstream infections by conducting a matched case-control study and a prospective study. (cdc.gov)
  • Two isolates, Alcaligenes xylosoxidans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, were found at all twelve locations and in a very high percentage of the samples collected (72% and 92% of the 36 samples respectively). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • We examined β-lactamase activities by the UV spectrophotometric method ( 22 ) using crude cell extracts from PCR-positive strains of 44 Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 2 Alcaligenes xylosoxidans isolates, which were collected in Gunma University Hospital, Maebashi, Japan, over the past 7 years with no duplication among the patients. (asm.org)
  • Alcaligenes latus was used to produce a new poly-sacchardide bioabsorbent that can absorb water at more than 1,000 times its own weight, approximately 5 times greater than that of currently used commercially available synthetic high polymer absorbents. (cosmetoscope.com)
  • This study presents 100% degradation of H-acid under optimized conditions using Alcaligenes latus, isolated from textile industrial effluent. (iisc.ernet.in)
  • Reclassification of Alcaligenes latus IAM 12599T, IAM 12664, and Pseudomonas saccharophila as Azohydromonas lata gen. nov. comb. (straininfo.net)
  • Alcaligenes Polysaccharides are manufactured by Hakuto under the tradename " Alcasealan ", and probably distributed in Europe by Nagase . (cosmetoscope.com)
  • Most (89%) strains of microbial agents in these tests were correctly identified by the referring laboratories as Alcaligenes xylosoxidans. (wikipedia.org)
  • To characterize the genes of P. alcaligenes S2 involved in solubilization of lecithin, the EcoR I fragments of the chromosomes from the four mutant strains carrying a single transposon were cloned, and the DNA sequences flanking the Tn5 were determined. (springer.com)
  • Tn5563, a transposon encoding putative mercuric ion transport proteins located on plasmid pRA2 of Pseudomonas alcaligenes. (nih.gov)
  • First Reported Case of Alcaligenes Faecalis Peritonitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dialysis-associated Alcaligenes xylosoxidans peritonitis: a pediatric case. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Other gram-negative rods that may be found in sputum of CF patients include Burkholderia cepacia, Alcaligenes xylosoxidans , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (Beringer & Appleman, 2000). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The unique predilection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia cepacia complex for the CF lung has been well described ( 4 ), but other gram-negative bacilli, including Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Alcaligenes xylosoxidans , are being recovered from CF patients with increasing frequency ( 1 ). (asm.org)
  • The amo gene of Alcaligenes faecalis strain NR was amplified successfully, and 1639 bp length DNA sequence was obtained. (hanspub.org)
  • We have cloned and sequenced a DNA fragment that encodes the arylmalonate decarboxylase (AMDase) gene from Alcaligenes bronchisepticus KU 1201. (elsevier.com)
  • Miyamoto, K & Ohta, H 1992, ' Cloning and heterologous expression of a novel arylmalonate decarboxylase gene from Alcaligenes bronchisepticus KU 1201 ', Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology , vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 234-238. (elsevier.com)
  • Kinetic aspects of the bioconversion of 4-chlorobenzoate to 4-hydroxybenzoate by Alcaligenes denitrificans NTB-1 immobilized in carrageenan. (wur.nl)
  • Oxygenation and spontaneous deamination of 2-aminobenzenesulphonic acid in Alcaligenes sp. (biochemj.org)
  • 2-Aminobenzenesulphonic acid (2AS) is degraded by Alcaligenes sp. (biochemj.org)
  • Both ORF1 and ORF2 displayed homology to the IstA-like and IstB-like transposases encoded by the IS21 family of insertion sequences, which include two IS elements previously isolated from P. alcaligenes P25X, IS1474, and IS1475 (Yeo, C. C., and Poh, C. L. (1997). (nus.edu.sg)
  • Alcaligenes faecalis causes nosocomial sepsis, arising from contaminated hemodialysis or intravenous fluid, in immunocompromised patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcaligenes bronchisepticus" (Ferry 1912) Bergey et al. (uniprot.org)
  • Taber's Medical Dictionary, Taber's Online, https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/732370/all/Alcaligenes. (tabers.com)
  • the remaining isolate was identified as Alcaligenes faecalis (formerly Alcaligenes odorans). (nih.gov)
  • The isolate Mc250, an Alcaligenes faecalis strain, resisted to 10 mM of As (III) and 800 mM of As (V). In the presence of this strain, atomic spectrometer detected a reduction of 55% for As (III) and 72% for As (V) respectively in 10 mM and 500 mM solution. (conicyt.cl)
  • Maintenance and induction of naphthalene degradation activity in Pseudomonas putida and an Alcaligenes sp. (asm.org)
  • Biological degradation of phenol by Alcaligenes faecalis with high biodegradation activity and high tolerance was investigated at 25C. (getpaper.ir)
  • The cell growth and substrate degradation of phenol as single substrates for Alcaligenes faecalis in batch cultures (shaking flasks) were investigated at different initial phenol concentrations. (getpaper.ir)
  • We found that 20 (10.6%) of 188 patients with chronic suppurative otitis media in Angola were co-colonized with fluoroquinolone-resistant Alcaligenes faecalis , commonly found in birds. (cdc.gov)