AlbaniaCommunism: A totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production with the professed aim of establishing a classless society.Cemeteries: Areas set apart as burial grounds.Socialism: A system of government in which means of production and distribution of goods are controlled by the state.AzerbaijanYugoslavia: Created as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in 1918. Yugoslavia became the official name in 1929. BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA; CROATIA; and SLOVENIA formed independent countries 7 April 1992. Macedonia became independent 8 February 1994 as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (MACEDONIA REPUBLIC).Capitalism: A political and economic system characterized by individual rights, by private or corporate ownership of capital goods, and by prices, production, and the distribution of goods that are determined mainly by competition in a free market. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)TurkmenistanCopyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Diving: An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.Reptiles: Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.Great Lakes Region: The geographic area of the Great Lakes in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. It usually includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.Mars: The fourth planet in order from the sun. Its two natural satellites are Deimos and Phobos. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the solar system.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Chronology as Topic: The temporal sequence of events that have occurred.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Germany, EastWar Crimes: Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.National Socialism: The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Christianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Islam: A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.United Arab Emirates: A federation of seven states on the southeast portion of the Arabian peninsula: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaiwain. In 1820 a treaty of peace was concluded between Great Britain and native rulers. During the 19th century the rulers agreed to suppression of the slave trade and restriction of foreign relations to Great Britain. The Trucial Council was established in 1952 and defense treaties with Great Britain terminated. In 1971 an independent six-member federation was formed, with Ras al-Khaimah joining the federation in 1972. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1250)Dugong: A genus of the order Sirenia characterized by a notched tail, the presence of nasal bones and a long nasal cavity, and large columnar teeth lacking enamel. Dugongs inhabit the coastal waters of the Indian Ocean, Red Sea, and the Malay Archipelago. (From Scott, Concise Encyclopedia Biology, 1996)Arabs: Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.KuwaitMiddle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Balkan Peninsula: A peninsula in Southeast EUROPE between the Adriatic and Ionian seas on the West and Aegean and Black Seas on the East. (from www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/balkan%20peninsula)Mediterranean SeaGeography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Serbia: A republic located south of HUNGARY, west of ROMANIA and BULGARIA, and part of the former YUGOSLAVIA. The capital is Belgrade.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)GreeceVeronica: A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. Members contain bis-sesquiterpene and iridoid glucosides.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Economic Development: Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Accounts Payable and Receivable: Short-term debt obligations and assets occurring in the regular course of operational transactions.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.WalesJournal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Hinduism: A complex body of social, cultural, and religious beliefs and practices evolved in and largely confined to the Indian subcontinent and marked by a caste system, an outlook tending to view all forms and theories as aspects of one eternal being and truth, and the practice of the way of works, the way of knowledge, or the way of devotion as a means of release from the round of rebirths. (From Webster, 3d ed)Gene Products, tax: Transcriptional trans-acting proteins of the promoter elements found in the long terminal repeats (LTR) of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The tax (trans-activator x; x is undefined) proteins act by binding to enhancer elements in the LTR.

Antibiotic resistance conferred by a conjugative plasmid and a class I integron in Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor strains isolated in Albania and Italy. (1/90)

Multidrug-resistant Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor strains isolated during the 1994 outbreak of cholera in Albania and Italy were characterized for the molecular basis of antibiotic resistance. All strains were found to be resistant to tetracycline, streptomycin, spectinomycin, trimethoprim, sulfathiazole, and the vibriostatic compound O/129 (2,4-diamino-6,7-diisopropylteridine). Resistance genes were self-transferable by a conjugative plasmid of about 60 MDa, with the exception of spectinomycin resistance, which was conferred by the aadA1 gene cassette located in the bacterial chromosome within a class 1 integron. The resistance to trimethoprim and O/129 was conferred by the dfrA1 gene, which was present on the plasmid. Although the dfrA1 gene is known to be borne on an integron cassette, class 1, 2, or 3 intI genes were not detected as part of the plasmid DNA from the strains studied.  (+info)

Genomic characterization of human and environmental polioviruses isolated in Albania. (2/90)

Between April and December 1996, a serious outbreak of poliomyelitis occurred in Albania; almost 140 subjects were involved, and the episode presented an unusually high mortality rate (12%). During the outbreak, water samples from the Lana River in Tirana, Albania, and stool samples from two cases of paralytic poliomyelitis were collected and analyzed for the presence of polioviruses. Six polioviruses were isolated from the environmental and human samples, according to standard methods. All the samples were characterized by partial genomic sequencing of 330 bases across the 5' untranslated region (5'-UTR) (nucleotide positions 200 to 530) and of 300 bases across the VP1 region (nucleotide positions 2474 to 2774). Comparison of these sequences with those present in data banks permitted the identification of environmental isolates Lana A and Lana B as, respectively, a Sabin-like type 2 poliovirus and an intertypic recombinant poliovirus (Sabin-like type 2/wild type 1), both bearing a G instead of an A at nucleotide position 481. The two other environmental polioviruses were similar to the isolates from the paralytic cases. They were characterized by a peculiar 5'-UTR and by a VP1 region showing 98% homology with the Albanian epidemic type 1 isolates reported by other authors. This study confirms the environmental circulation in Albania of recombinant poliovirus strains, likely sustained by a massive vaccination effort and by the presence in the environment of a type 1 poliovirus, as isolated from the Lana River in Tirana about 2 months before the first case of symptomatic acute flaccid paralysis was reported in this town.  (+info)

Maternal and paternal lineages in Albania and the genetic structure of Indo-European populations. (3/90)

Mitochondrial DNA HV1 sequences and Y chromosome haplotypes (DYS19 STR and YAP) were characterised in an Albanian sample and compared with those of several other Indo-European populations from the European continent. No significant difference was observed between Albanians and most other Europeans, despite the fact that Albanians are clearly different from all other Indo-Europeans linguistically. We observe a general lack of genetic structure among Indo-European populations for both maternal and paternal polymorphisms, as well as low levels of correlation between linguistics and genetics, even though slightly more significant for the Y chromosome than for mtDNA. Altogether, our results show that the linguistic structure of continental Indo-European populations is not reflected in the variability of the mitochondrial and Y chromosome markers. This discrepancy could be due to very recent differentiation of Indo-European populations in Europe and/or substantial amounts of gene flow among these populations.  (+info)

HBV, HCV and HDV infections in Albanian refugees in Southern Italy (Apulia region). (4/90)

The seroprevalence of hepatitis B, C and D markers was assessed in a sample of 670 Albanian refugees in Southern Italy in 1997. The mean age was 25 years (S.D. = 12.3). Of study subjects 62.1% (95% CI: 58.4-65.7) were positive for anti-HBc antibodies and 13.6% (95% CI: 10.9-16.1) for HBsAg. The prevalence of anti-HBs was 47.6% (95% CI: 43.8-51.3). Among HBsAg carriers the prevalence of HBeAg was 7.7% (95% CI: 2.2-13.1). The highest carrier rate for HBsAg (25.5%; 95% CI: 16.7-34.3) was found in the age group 21-25 years. A relevant finding was a prevalence of HBsAg of 8.1% in children 10 years and under. The prevalence of anti-HCV antibodies was 0.3% (95% CI: 0.0-0.7) while only one of the HBsAg carriers was positive for anti-HDV (1.1%, 95% CI: 0-3.2). In Albania, hepatitis B infection represents a public health priority that should be addressed by a universal vaccination campaign.  (+info)

Appendicectomies in Albanians in Greece: outcomes in a highly mobile immigrant patient population. (5/90)

BACKGROUND: Albanian immigrants in Greece comprise a highly mobile population with unknown health care profile. We aimed to assess whether these immigrants were more or less likely to undergo laparotomy for suspected appendicitis with negative findings (negative appendicectomy), by performing a controlled study with individual (1:4) matching. We used data from 6 hospitals in the Greek prefecture of Epirus that is bordering Albania. RESULTS: Among a total of 2027 non-incidental appendicectomies for suspected appendicitis performed in 1994-1999, 30 patients with Albanian names were matched (for age, sex, time of operation and hospital) to 120 patients with Greek names. The odds for a negative appendicectomy were 3.4-fold higher (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24-9.31, p = 0.02) in Albanian immigrants than in matched Greek-name subjects. The difference was most prominent in men (odds ratio 20.0, 95% CI, 1.41-285, p = 0.02) while it was not formally significant in women (odds ratio 1.56, 95% CI, 0.44-5.48). The odds for perforation were 1.25-fold higher in Albanian-name immigrants than in Greek-name patients (95% CI 0.44- 3.57). CONCLUSIONS: Albanian immigrants in Greece are at high risk for negative appendicectomies. Socioeconomic, cultural and language parameters underlying health care inequalities in highly mobile immigrant populations need better study.  (+info)

A population-based assessment of human rights abuses committed against ethnic Albanian refugees from Kosovo. (6/90)

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed patterns of displacement and human rights abuses among Kosovar refugees in Macedonia and Albania. METHODS: Between April 19 and May 3, 1999, 1180 ethnic Albanian refugees living in 31 refugee camps and collective centers in Macedonia and Albania were interviewed. RESULTS: The majority (68%) of participants reported that their families were directly expelled from their homes by Serb forces. Overall, 50% of participants saw Serb police or soldiers burning the houses of others, 16% saw Serb police or soldiers burn their own home, and 14% witnessed Serb police or soldiers killing someone. Large percentages of participants saw destroyed mosques, schools, or medical facilities. Thirty-one percent of respondents reported human rights abuses committed against their household members, including beatings, killings, torture, forced separation and disappearances, gunshot wounds, and sexual assault. CONCLUSIONS: The present findings confirm that Serb forces engaged in a systematic and brutal campaign to forcibly expel the ethnic Albanian population of Kosovo. In the course of these mass deportations, Serb forces committed widespread abuses of human rights against ethnic Albanians.  (+info)

Medical education in Albania: current situation and perspective, with reference to primary care. (7/90)

A radical primary health care-oriented reform of the medical services in Albania is now under way, calling for adequate revision in medical education. The reform has started in 1994. In January 1997, the Department of Family Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Tirana, was established for the development of general practice and family medicine, and with it a new era in medical education in Albania has begun. Mutual agreements for international collaborations are being realized, modern medical textbooks are being published, and the importance of continuous medical education is gaining a deserved appreciation. Here we describe medical education in Albania, including undergraduate education, vocational training, and continuing professional development. The emphasis is given on primary care, with some suggestions for concrete actions that would improve the current situation. A brief descriptive account is given of the ongoing Albanian medical education reform, primarily in the field of primary health care, which assumes its most interesting global aspects and at the same time reflects the unique demands of the country.  (+info)

Management of refugee crisis in Albania during the 1999 Kosovo conflict. (8/90)

The report presents key data on Kosovo refugees in Albania during the 1999 crisis in Kosovo. In a three-month period, from March through May 1999, Albania received, accommodated, and cared for 479,223 officially registered refugees from Kosovo (FR Yugoslavia). Many foreign governmental and non-governmental organizations helped the Albanian government during the crisis. The Government cooperated with the organizations through Government Commission, which appointed a Special Coordinator to the Emergency Management Group that coordinated factors and actions in the field. A Health Desk was established by the Emergency Management Group to provide an overview of the health impact of the crisis upon refugees and domestic Albanian population. There were no serious outbreaks of infectious diseases, but the Health Desk registered 2,165 cases of diarrhea without and 14 cases of diarrhea with blood in the stool. Scabies and lice affected around 4% of the refugees. After the refugees returned to Kosovo, Emergency Management Group continued to coordinate the work on the rehabilitation of the refugee-affected areas. In this phase, humanitarian emergency work served as a bridge between emergency activities and normal development.  (+info)

A delegation sent by a postwar Albanian National Assembly that met at Durrës in December 1918 defended Albanian interests at the Paris Peace Conference, but the conference denied Albania official representation. The National Assembly, anxious to keep Albania intact, expressed willingness to accept Italian protection and even an Italian prince as a ruler so long as it would mean Albania did not lose territory.. But in January 1920, at the Paris Peace Conference, negotiators from France, Britain, Italy and Greece agreed to divide Albania among Yugoslavia, Italy, and Greece as a diplomatic expedient aimed at finding a compromise solution to the territorial conflict between Italy and Yugoslavia. The deal (with the Valona territory and areas of south-central Albania given to Italy) was done behind the Albanians backs and in the absence of a United States negotiator.. This deal created huge anti-Italian resentment between many Albanians and in May 1920 the Italians (even because of demobilisation of ...
Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Albania allied itself first with the USSR (until 1960), and then with China (to 1978). In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic Communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, a dilapidated physical infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents. Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. International observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the restoration of political stability following the collapse of pyramid schemes in 1997; however, there have been claims of electoral fraud in every one of Albanias post-communist elections. The 2009 general ...
With its 3,020,209 people, Albania is the 137th largest country in the world by population. It is the 143rd largest country in the world by area with 28,748 square kilometers. Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939, and occupied by Germany in 1943. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Albania allied itself first with the USSR (until 1960), and then with China (to 1978). In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, dilapidated infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents. Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. International observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the ...
THERE are few better examples of investment penetration for strategic political reasons than the penetration of Albania by Italy during the last decade.(1) Economically, Albania is unattractive. Five centuries of Turkish suzerainty terminated in 1912 with Albanian social organization still based on the tribe or clan, and blood feuds have only lately ceased to be common. It has scanty resources, of which agriculture must be reckoned the most promising,(2) and until recently it has remained isolated from the main stream of modern economic development. Yet this mountainous, poverty-stricken little country with its population of one million has become a bone of contention in international politics, and a glance at the map will show why. From the Bay of Valona near the southern extremity of Albanias Adriatic coast, it is only forty-five miles across the narrow Straits of Otranto to the heel of the Italian boot. Any power which controls the southern portion of Albania has potential control over the ...
GDP Growth Rate in Albania is expected to be 0.60 percent by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. Looking forward, we estimate GDP Growth Rate in Albania to stand at 0.60 in 12 months time. In the long-term, the Albania GDP Growth Rate is projected to trend around 0.40 percent in 2020, according to our econometric models. Albanias most important sector is the services sector (60 percent of GDP) with banking, communications and tourism being the most important. Banking has been a heavy recipient of foreign direct investment and is the strongest sector. Remittances also have a big importance for the economy and account for around 8 percent of GDP. Agriculture dominated by small family owned operations employs almost half of the labour force, but accounts for only 20 percent of GDP. The manufacturing industry is responsible for 20 percent of GDP. On the expenditure side, household consumption is the main component of GDP and accounts for
Gold Reserves in Albania is expected to be 1.59 Tonnes by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. Looking forward, we estimate Gold Reserves in Albania to stand at 1.64 in 12 months time. In the long-term, the Albania Gold Reserves is projected to trend around 1.76 Tonnes in 2020, according to our econometric models. Gold Reserves are countrys gold assets held or controlled by the central bank. This page provides - Albania Gold Reserves - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news.
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On Nov. 7, Albanias High Criminal Court changed the sentences of two Muslim Albanians from prison to house arrest. The detainees, Xhezair Fishti and Medat Hasani, who are Salafists, were arrested in November 2016 by Albanian counter-terrorism units on suspicion of planning an attack on the Israeli national football team, which was scheduled to play Albania on Nov. 12, 2016.. These Salafists were two of some 150 Muslims who the Albanian police detained that month. Albanian authorities, who generally regard Muslims with suspicion, conducted mass arrests and closed the borders with Kosovo and Macedonia. They did this so that Muslim Albanian fans could not attend the football match between Albania and Israel and shout anti-Israeli and pro-Palestinian slogans.. However, out of the 150 people who were detained, four were singled out as terrorist suspects and accused of plotting to attack the Israeli team. This counterterrorism operation was coordinated along with the Kosovar police, which, for its ...
The average annual growth rate of the Albanian population for the period 1960-90 was 2.4 percent, or approximately three to four times higher than that of other European countries. Population growth was actively encouraged by the government, which deemed it essential for the further strengthening and prosperity of socialist society. Albania had a population of 3,335,000 in July 1991, compared with 2,761,000 in mid-1981 and 1,626,000 in 1960. The most sparsely populated Balkan country until 1965, Albania attained a population density of 111 inhabitants per square kilometer in 1989--the highest in the Balkans. The 1991 growth rate was 1.8 percent. In 1991 Albania had a birth rate of 24 per 1,000, and its death rate had declined from 14 per 1,000 in 1950 to 5 per 1,000. A concomitant of the reduced death rate was an increase in life expectancy. Official Albanian sources indicated that average life expectancy at birth increased from fifty-three years in 1950 to seventy-two years for males and ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! This article analyses the determinants of inflation in Albania during the transition period. We attempt to explain why Albania was successful in reducing inflation, by the end of 1995, to a level comparable to many countries in the European Union. We discuss the relative importance of monetary, fiscal and external variables, and we highlight the role of remittances by emigrants. Using vector autoregression analysis, we demonstrate how shocks to money growth and remittances affect the subsequent paths of inflation and the exchange rate. Our main conclusion is that, while there are important lessons from the Albanian experience for other ex-communist countries, the presence of large-scale emigration and huge remittance flows makes Albania unique among European countries in transition, in the extent to which these factors aided the anti-inflation programme. However, recent events have demonstrated that political stability and control of the informal financial sector are
So, what does this have to do with Albania, and the lessons that we are learning here? While visiting with a new member of the church this week, I asked her about the attitudes toward work and opportunity here in Albania. Her response was this. They say that it has been 22 years since the end of communism here, but the first 12 years were chaos. We have only had, really, about 10 years of democracy here. She and I both agreed that it is early in the history of democracy for Albania. Many of them have already left for America or other countries, seeking the same independence and opportunity that our ancestors were looking for when they first migrated to America. It is our hope that opportunity will come to Albania-for all Albanian people, so they can stay here and build up the land that they all love so much. May God help them to do it. May we stand ready to assist in any way that we can ...
So, what does this have to do with Albania, and the lessons that we are learning here? While visiting with a new member of the church this week, I asked her about the attitudes toward work and opportunity here in Albania. Her response was this. They say that it has been 22 years since the end of communism here, but the first 12 years were chaos. We have only had, really, about 10 years of democracy here. She and I both agreed that it is early in the history of democracy for Albania. Many of them have already left for America or other countries, seeking the same independence and opportunity that our ancestors were looking for when they first migrated to America. It is our hope that opportunity will come to Albania-for all Albanian people, so they can stay here and build up the land that they all love so much. May God help them to do it. May we stand ready to assist in any way that we can ...
The present publication takes stock of the progress made by Albania in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2002. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations contained in the first review. This second Environmental Performance Reviews also covers 10 issues of importance to Albania related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular the sustainable management of water resources, waste management, forestry, biodiversity and protected areas, energy and environment, and environmental health. ...
Article 1 The Republic of Albania accedes in the European Patent Convention according to the text attached to this law. Article 2 This law enters into force 15 days after its publication in the Official Gazette. Proclaimed by the Decree No. 6338 dated 17.11.2009 of the President of the Republic of Albania, Bamir Topi. ...
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As governments seek to expand access to quality health care services, policy makers in many countries are confronting the problem of informal payments to medical personnel. The aim of this study was to help health planners in Albania understand informal payments occurring in government health facilities. Researchers used in-depth interviews and focus groups with 131 general public and provider informants in three districts. The results suggest that factors promoting informal payments in Albania include perceived low salaries of health staff; a belief that good health is worth any price; the desire to get better service; the fear of being denied treatment; and the tradition of giving a gift to express gratitude. Members of the general public also believe informal payments create uncertainties and anxiety during the care-seeking process, while providers perceive that informal payments harm their professional reputation, induce unnecessary medical interventions, and create discontinuity of care. ...
Albania has a total population of 3,600,523 people, as of a 2007 estimate. [5] It is the 131th most populated country in the world. The nationality is called Albanian. Major ethnic groups include Albanians, which make up 95% of the population, Greeks, which make up 3% of the population, and others, like Vlach, Gypsy, Serb, Macedonian, and Bulgarian, which make up 2% of the population. [6] The major religions practiced in the country are Islam, Roman Catholicism, and Albanian Orthodoxy. [7] Languages spoken in Albania include Albanian (official), Greek, Vlach, Romani, and Slavic dialects. [8] ...
The A A gill article from The Sunday Times was written as if the guy has a personal vendetta against Albania and every Albanian.Having visited the country recently and having ongoing regular contact with Albanians from various backgrounds - rich and poor, muslim and catholic, educated and just street wise, Ghegs and Tosks -I became angry as I read each sentence. I was sitting confortably in my English suburban garden drinking tea probably packed into boxes by hardworking Albanians in some hot and dusty UK packing plant. How dare AA Gill be so rude about Albania and its people. It also made me sad, because the writer just went on and on throwing insults with absolutely no substatiation. Who was this writer with the arrogant style "A A Gill". Having researched him a bit, I find that Anthony A Gill makes his living by being very controversial. Hes Scottish and is primarily a restaurant and tv critic. If its any consolation to Albanians reading this, he doesnt like the English either!! I have ...
TIRANA, Albania (AP) - Albanias national elections Sunday were marred by violence after an exchange of gunfire wounded a candidate and killed a supporter of a rival party, tainting what had been a largely peaceful campaign and threatening to undermine the countrys bid to join the European Union
TIRANA, Albania (AP) - Albania's main opposition Democratic Party again has decided to boycott Parliament in response to the legislature's suspension of its ...
For the crime of being an Albanian, a seven-year-old girl can not get a visa to travel to Italy once a month for a blood transfusion that will keep her alive. This is the story of one of my work colleagues, Iris*. Her daughter, once a pretty, happy girl, is unrecognizably bloated from the heavy medications she must now take in order to live. If Iris had permission to travel to Italy, for two days once a month, Iriss daughter would not have to take these disfiguring medications. Her parents live in Italy, in a city in the north, and doctors in a hospital there have agreed to treat the little girl, which they have certified in writing. Not good enough, the Italian embassy says. Hospitals in Albania do not have the equipment or the expertise to treat the little girl and, thus, Iris wants to bring her to Italy for treatment. She has no intention on settling there because, as she told me, her family, another daughter and her husband, are here in Albania.. Forget trying to get treatment in Greece; ...
REC Albania is an Albanian legal entity registered under the Law on Non-profit Organisations. As part of the REC country office network, REC Albania works to fulfill the RECs mission by supporting NGOs, environmental institutions at the national, regional and local levels, and various...
The rapporteur declared that he had received many complaints for the public administration, which he had passed to the Ombudsman.. "The ambitious reform for the public administration in Albania is absolutely vital, because it makes way to all other reforms. For this reason, I have given more attention to this reform on the draft-report. The implementation of the new Law for Civilian Service has started. It aims to reduce corruption and make a more depoliticized and more professional administration. I have received many letters from Albanian citizens who complain about the public administration, and I have spoken with the Ombudsman for how important it is to follow them and take actions. Corruption and organized crime need to be fought in all levels, with successful efforts that involve all institutions in a more strategic approach. For starting the accession negotiations, Albania must support stable reforms, especially as regards the fight against corruption. Things must have positive and ...
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What a great opportunity! God has opened the door for me to teach and minister in Albania & Kosovo. This is especially amazing because Albania was actually the first country in the world to officially declare themselves as atheist - of course now they are mostly muslim. I ask for your special prayers & support [...]
To determine the genetic architecture of trout in Albania, 87 individuals were collected from 19 riverine and lacustrine sites in Albania, FYROM and Greece. All individuals were analyzed for sequence variation in the mtDNA control region. Among fourteen haplotypes detected, four previously unpublished haplotypes, bearing a close relationship to haplotypes of the Adriatic and marmoratus lineages of Salmo trutta, were revealed. Ten previously described haplotypes, characteristic of S. ohridanus, S. letnica and the Adriatic and Mediterranean lineages of S. trutta, were also detected. Haplotypes detected in this study were placed in a well supported branch of S. ohridanus, and a cluster of Mediterranean - Adriatic - marmoratus haplotypes, which were further delimited into three subdivisions of Mediterranean, marmoratus, and a previously non-described formation of four Adriatic haplotypes (Balkan cluster). Haplotypes of the Balkan cluster and the other Adriatic haplotypes, do not represent a contiguous
H.E. Ambassador Spiro Koçi, Resident Representative of the Republic of Albania to the IAEA, and Kwaku Aning, IAEA Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Technical Cooperation, have signed Albanias Country Programme Framework (CPF) for the period of 2012 - 2017 on 29 March 2012. A Country Programme Framework (CPF) is the frame of reference for the medium-term planning of technical cooperation between a Member State and the IAEA and identifies priority areas where the transfer of nuclear technology and technical cooperation resources will be directed to support national development goals ...
Learn how to call Albania from Bangladesh. Out complete resource guide gives you the Albania country code & Bangladeshi dialing code to make your international calls.
means people of the Alveolar shop, operational and respiratory transmission, Lab degree, abuse and section of coronavirus, epidemic Topics, and student Program. also concerned every shop Italy and Albania: Financial Relations in the. shop Italy and Albania: Financial Relations in the Fascist Period (Library of International Relations): PSYC-115 and STAT-202 or STAT-203.
Since 1992, the U.S. Government has delivered foreign aid to support Albanias development, stability and integration into Europe. U.S. aid has helped Albania transition from the most isolated and repressive communist state in Europe to a democracy with a market-oriented economy.
Visit InternetLocalClassifieds.com to Buy or Sell New or Used Hospital Machinery Albania or View All Types of Hospital Machinery Albania. This is the best online classifieds site which provides you all the amenities that are required to ...
A stones throw from Tactical Technologies was 1911 North Fort Myer Drive, the brown building in the center and the headquarters of CIA fronts involving Ted Shackley, Thomas Clines, Edwin Wilson, and the shipping agent for the ill-fated SS Poet.. In a May 25, 1981, Wackenhut Inter-Office memo, Fair is named as "Dr. Harry D. Fair, Chief, Propulsion Technology, Applied Science Division" of the U.S. Armys Picatinny Arsenal in Dover, New Jersey. The same memo states that the Santa Rosa Indians pledged to the Cabazons that their land could be used for the testing of a "rail gun.". It is unclear what Nichols meant by using biological warfare agents in small countries bordering Albania, then a Chinese ally, and large countries bordering the Soviet Union, which included China. However, the possibility that the CIA and its contractors were contemplating a "false flag" biological attack on Albania from non-aligned Yugoslavia that may have been blamed on Moscow and a "false flag" retaliatory biological ...
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/The_History_of_Albania.html?id=hXMKAQAAIAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareThe History of Albania ...
Albania-English: English Teachers in Albania gives information on, and access to a non-commercial email discussion list to support teachers of English (ESL/TESL/EFL/TEFL) in Albania ...
Get great Italy vs Albania tickets on 24/03/2017 at excellent prices, Official tickets, buy Italy vs Albania tickets now & secure your seats.
4 VITET E SUKSESIT DHE ZHVILLIMIT TE VAZHDUESHEM PER TÜV AUSTRIA ALBANIA. Këtë vit TÜV AUSTRIA ALBANIA feston katër vjetorin e prezencës së suksesshme në fushën e auditimeve, çertifikimeve, inspektimeve teknike dhe trajnimeve në Shqipëri dhe Kosovë. ...
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Albania is new to casino gambling, though Albanian officials hope to add four casinos to the one which already exists, Regency Casino Tirana. Albanians will eventually attract other gaming interests to invest in casino resorts on the Adriatic and Ionian coast, to go along with their brisk lottery and sports betting venues.
+2 Radio - Tirana County, Albania - Listen to free internet radio, sports, music, news, podcasts, talk, and audiobooks. Stream live events, live play-by-play NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL, college football, NCAA basketball, and Premier League matches. CNN, MSNBC, Fox News, ESPN, BBC, NPR.
Stock Photo 4409-60725: Download ANCIANA andando con bastón por una calle de barrio cerca del centro de Tirana. República de Albania. Stock Photos. Search over 12 million royalty free images and rights managed stock photography
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SKOPJE, Macedonia - More than 1,000 ethnic Albanians marched in the capital of Macedonia on Sunday to mark the 100th anniversary of Albanias independence from the Ottoman Empire. Some politicians have opposed such celebrations, saying they could stoke ethnic tensions in Macedonia.. The prime ministers of neighboring Albania and Kosovo, Sali Berisha and Hashim Thaci, were expected to attend the celebrations later Sunday at Skopjes sports center.. The anniversary celebrations in Macedonias capital are scheduled to last for four days, and similar festivities will take place later this week in the capitals of Kosovo and Albania.. Ethnic Albanians make up about 25 percent of Macedonias population of 2.1 million, but tension with the countrys Slavic-speaking Macedonian majority has remained high since a six-month armed ethnic Albanian insurgency in 2001 to demand greater autonomy in minority areas.. For nearly five centuries, Albania was at the heart of a sprawling Ottoman Empire, but it declared ...
UNICEF steps in. In March 2004 the Government allocated $150,000 to purchase anti-retroviral drugs and signed an agreement to purchase them through UNICEF. Four months later, Luiza and her children began treatment. "In these 12 years, Albania has gone through a new experience in treating people living with HIV/AIDS," says Dr Arjan Harxhi, a clinicial professor of medicine at Tirana University and an infectious diseases specialist at Tirana Hospital. "I must say that today the situation has improved with regard to attitudes and behaviours among health personnel. Fighting the fear and stigma was the biggest challenge. The doctors and nurses were more careful than necessary when they worked with the HIV patients. They put on gloves even when it was not necessary. We have worked with these health personnel to help them fight the fear of getting infected by explaining the ways of HIV transmission and how to administer the treatment properly.". In 2005, UNICEF supported the production of a manual for ...
The Albanian government is moving to crack down on the illegal trafficking of refugees through Albania to countries in Western Europe and beyond. Tirana has opened an international center intended ...
TIRANA, Albania (AP) - Tens of thousands of Albanians are protesting the government's economic policies, claiming they are leading to rising taxes and energy...
Bank of Albania. ABSTRACT. This paper aims to present the main developments of banking and finance in Albania in a historical perspective. This historical overview might help to better understand not only the great difficulties and obstacles the country faced in the past but also the successes it achieved. It is widely known that the financial system, especially the banking sector, is considered as very important as it serves as a catalyst for the economic development of the country. And this is because financial depth determines economic growth. The paper also highlights the future challenges that the Albanian financial system will face within the context of the countrys European integration and the EU harmonization of the financial policies.. Keywords: Historical perspectives; Financial system; Bank-dominated system; Panics; EU integration JEL classification: G21, G22, N24. Acknowledgements: All the opinions expressed in this paper belong to the authors and do not necessary represent those of ...
Albanian cuisine consists of local dishes from around the country of Albania. Many of these dishes are typical of the Balkans and indeed the Mediterranean, but some are local specialties. The main meal of the Albanians is lunch and it is usually accompanied by a salad of fresh vegetables, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, green peppers, olives, olive oil, vinegar and salt.. ...
Downloadable! Land consolidation has been viewed by policy makers as panacea for tackling the inherited challenges of Albania´s egalitarian land reform. The paper argues that farmers´ efforts towards farm consolidation through land purchase and rent-in are affected by overall structural factors. Farm structure, farm-orientation and other socio-economic factors play an important role in farmers´ decision to purchase and rent-in agricultural land. Rental market has been the most common mechanism for consolidation, although agriculture land rent is not suitable for all agriculture activities, such as those which require long term investments.
Prostitution in Albania is illegal but widespread.[5] Prior to the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, ... "Sex Work in Albania - an Overview". SWAN. 1 October 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2018.. ... prostitution in Albania was virtually unknown. The migration from rural areas to the cities, and economic problems that ...
Albania[edit]. In Albania a gymnasium (Albanian Gjimnaz) education takes three years following a compulsory nine-year ... Albania: Gjimnazi 3 Years, after 9 years (4 years primary school and 5 years lower high school) of education, ends with Matura ...
Albania[edit]. A full Albanian name consists of a given name (Albanian: emër), patronymic (Albanian: atësi) and family name ( ... which is more prevalent in certain regions of Albania and Kosovo. ...
Albania[edit]. Main articles: Counties of Albania, Districts of Albania, and Municipalities of Albania ... "On the Organization and Functioning of the Local Government, Republic of Albania, 2000" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) ... There are overall 2980 villages/communities (Albanian: fshat) in all Albania. Each district has its council which is composed ...
Albania[edit]. After the Italian invasion of Albania, the Royal Albanian Army, police and gendarmerie were amalgamated into the ... The most significant support of Germany came from the European Axis powers of the Balkans.[citation needed] Albania, being an ... Their agenda was the creation of "Great Albania.". Slovenia[edit]. The Slovene Home Guard, was a collaborationist force, formed ...
Highways in Albania form part of the recent Albanian road system. Following the collapse of communism in 1991, the first ... highways in Albania started being constructed, The first was SH2, connecting Tirane with Durrës via Vora. Since the 2000s, main ...
Albania[edit]. Main article: Law enforcement in Albania. RENEA demonstrating a take-down during an exhibition in 2010. RENEA is ...
Albania[edit]. In Albania, middle school is included in the primary education which lasts 9 years and attendance is mandatory. ...
Albania[edit]. Unlike many other Eastern European countries under Nazi occupation, Albania-which has a mixed Muslim and ... Mehmet Shehu - a resistance fighter in Albania who allowed Jews to enter Albania, and refused to hand the Jews over to The ... During the war, some parts of Kosovo and Macedonia which were occupied by the Axis powers were annexed to Albania, and an ... Between February and March in 1939, King Zog I of Albania granted asylum to 300 Jewish refugees before being overthrown by the ...
Albania[edit]. In 1967 all religion in Communist Albania was banned, along with the practice of circumcision. The practice was ... Vickers, Miranda; Pettifer, James (1997). Albania: From Anarchy to a Balkan Identity. Hurst. ISBN 9781850652908. .. ...
Albania[edit]. Main article: Irreligion in Albania. According to the 2011 Albanian census found 2.5% of Albania were atheists.[ ...
During the Fascist Italy presence in Albania in 1939-43 and the Nazi Germany presence in Albania in 1943-44 the magazine had to ... The disbandment of the League in 2007, had the Association of the Young Modern Artists of Albania take over the magazine, which ... This time it was published in Gjirokaster, and now in an independent Albania. Urani Rumbo published several articles in Drita, ... In 1920 Urani Rumbo and others had published a declaration which signified the birth of the Women's Union in Albania (Albanian ...
Albania; Greece; West Turkey) Callimorpha dominula rossica Kolenati, 1846 (Caucasus, Transcaucasia, except Talysh Mountains; ...
In 1358, Karl rose against the rule of the Anjou and managed to drive them out of Durrës from Epirus and Albania. He ruled most ... Albania. Retrieved 15 November 2011. Johann Georg von Hahn (1867). Reise durch die Gebiete des Drin und Wardar: im Auftrage der ... Tirana, Albania: Toena. p. 309. ISBN 99927-1-622-3. Retrieved 2012-04-23. Fine, John V. A. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A ... The first mention of the Topia is from 1329, when Tanusio Topia was mentioned as one of the counts of Albania. In 1338, Tanusio ...
Historical Dictionary of Albania Second Edition. Plymouth, UK: Scarecrow Press. 2010. p. 294. Skendi, Stavro (ed). Albania. New ... He joined the resistance forces after the Italian invasion of Albania in 1939 and joined the Communist Party of Albania (from ... In 1952 he became a member of the General Council of the Trade Unions of Albania and served as its Chairman from 1970-82. In ... Rita Marko (born February 17, 1920) was an Albanian political figure who served in a number of positions in Albania during its ...
Albania , 2015 America's Got Talent , US , 2017 NBA Halftimes Charlotte Hornets (Multiple Appearances) Chicago Bulls Cleveland ... France Germany Italy Japan Malaysia Monaco Norway Portugal Spain Switzerland United Kingdom United States England Albania And ...
Albania in Occupation and War: From Fascism to Communism, 1940-1945. London: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd. 2005. p. 348. Hoxha (1984), ... Albania as Dictatorship and Democracy: From Isolation to the Kosovo War, 1946-1998. London: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd. 2006. p. 461 ... Nishani, who was not a member of the ruling Party of Labour of Albania, served as the first Chairman of the Presidium of the ... Albania. New York, NY: Frederick A. Praeger. 1956. p. 78. Enver Hoxha. The Titoites. Tirana: 8 Nëntori Publishing House. 1982. ...
Fundamental Statue Albanian Royal Army Leka, Crown Prince of Albania Charles Sudetic. "Interwar Albania, 1918-41". Albania: A ... Albania had four ports: Durrës, Shëngjin, Vlorë, and Sarandë. Albania's main exports were petroleum, animal skins, cheese, ... In 1939, the value of Albania's imports was four times that of its exports. About seventy percent of Albania's exports went to ... This company dealt with Albania's natural resources. Albania also possessed: bitumen, lignite, iron, chromite, copper, bauxite ...
Historical Dictionary of Albania. Scarecrow Press. p. 405. ISBN 978-0-8108-7380-3. Gillian Gloyer (2012). Albania. Bradt Travel ... In 1996, Albania included the Royal tombs of Selca e Poshtme in the UNESCO World heritage list of proposals. From 1969 to 1972 ... The Illyrian Tombs of Selca e Poshtme (Albanian: Varret e Selcës së Poshtme) are located near the town of Pogradec in Albania ... Selca e Poshtme as a candidate for UNESCO World Heritage Site Gilkes, O., Albania An Archaeological Guide, I.B.Tauris 2012, ...
Albania • Andorra • Armenia • Austria • Azerbaijan • Belarus • Belgium • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Bulgaria • Croatia • Cyprus ...
During the war he joined the Communist Party of Albania (Party of Labour of Albania after 1948) and became a member of its ... His son Gramoz Pashko was an economist who co-founded the Democratic Party of Albania in 1990. Skendi, Stavro (ed). Albania. ...
Mary of Blachernae Church, Berat (Albania), second half of the 16th century. 18th century icon painting by Kostandin Shpataraku ... 45-6. ISBN 978-1-4438-7578-3. Gillian Gloyer (7 January 2015). Albania. Bradt Travel Guides. pp. 123-4. ISBN 978-1-84162-855-4 ... Albania. The museum is located inside the Church of the Dormition of St Mary in the castle quarter Berat. The museum was named ...
Caucasian Albania "ARRĀN - Encyclopaedia Iranica. C. E. Bosworth". iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 2014-12-11. "ALBANIA - ... He then made a mutiny against his overlords and retreated to Caucasian Albania. Where he wrote a letter to Constans II and ... In 637 Varaz Grigor was baptised and declared Christianity as the official religion of Caucasian Albania, thus making his son, ... Thus Javanshir became the king of Caucasian Albania. Javanshir was known for his bravery and intelligence; he fought against ...
Albania. Toumanoff, Cyril. Chronology of the Early Kings of Iberia. Traditio 25 (1969), p. 22. Movses Kaghankatvatsi. The ... Persian name of Albania). The family's rule came to an end after the assassination of Varaz-Tiridates II by Nerseh Pilippean in ... assumed the title of Arranshah and ruled significant part of Caucasian Albania. Peroz (330-361) Unknown (361-394) Bakur I (394- ...
Albania in Occupation and War: From Fascism to Communism, 1940-1945. London: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd. 2005. p. 487. See also Omari ... Albania. New York, NY: Frederick A. Praeger. 1956. p. 23. Milorad M. Drachkovitch (ed). East Central Europe: Yesterday, Today ... Socialist Albania since 1944: Domestic and Foreign Developments. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. 1978. pp. 18-20. Academy of ... The Democratic Front, organized and led by the Communist Party of Albania, won all 82 seats. As the Albanian National ...
Albania - Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions. O K E N H U T C ... If you decide to travel to Albania:. *Enroll in the Smart ... Review the Crime and Safety Report for Albania.. *U.S. citizens who travel abroad should always have a contingency plan for ... Exercise normal precautions in Albania. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory. ...
Albania. See also[edit]. *(countries of Europe) lando di Europa; Albania, Andora, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bielorusia, ... Appendix:Place names in Albania. *(countries of Europe) country of Europe; Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, ... Albania in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary. , Oxford: Clarendon Press ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Albania&oldid=48035676" ...
In southern Albania, urban centres of central Albania and partially in northern Albania, the status of Christianity dominates ... From the early days of interwar Albania and due to Albanias heterogeneous religious makeup, Albanias political leadership ... Tirana, Albania. Retrieved 8 April 2011.. *^ Likmeta, Besar (14 May 2015). "Erdogan Takes War on Gulen Movement to Albania". ... Albania · Kosovo. Croatia · Greece · Italy · Montenegro · North Macedonia · Serbia. Diaspora. Australia · Bulgaria · Denmark · ...
Driving in Albania should hold no fear for competent drivers. However, the roads are often in a terrible state so opt for a 4 x ... Im sitting in a bar in Tirana, Albania, and theres not a gangster in sight. What there is is a 20ft-long counter packed with ... Back in the late Eighties a VJV trip was the only way to visit Albania, which was ruled by a paranoid communist dictatorship ... We fly direct into Tirana to begin VJVs new "Classical Tour of Albania" itinerary - and theres not a sheep dip in sight. The ...
In Albania, controversy over recycling foreign waste that could mean big business ... Albanian minister of foreign affairs: Albania is ready to move closer to EU ...
Biodiversity of Albania. References[edit]. *^ "The quality of Albanian natural waters and the human impact". researchgate.net. ... "Liqeni I Ulzes in Albania". protectedplanet.net.. *^ "REHABILITATION OF KOMAN HYDRO POWER PLANT" (PDF). documents.worldbank.org ... Having a surface area of 176.3 km2 (68.07 sq mi), only 46.3 km2 (17.88 sq mi) belongs to Albania. The Prespa National Park was ... Almost 110 km2 (42 sq mi) belongs to Albania; zhe water leaves Lake Ohrid through its only outlet, the Black Drin river flowing ...
Mr Nano is wary of taking on Albanias powerful gangsters.. Still, Albanias new-found if precarious stability has brought back ... But Albania is still not out of its mess. It has a bad reputation as a transit point for smuggled drugs, often imported from ... Together, they are host to some 650,000 Albanians, most of them illegal guests, out of the 3.4m who were living in Albania a ... But if they pass off reasonably smoothly, Albania may be able to make a start on catching up with some of its Balkan neighbours ...
... many companies operating in Albania are returning their data to Albania. The two largest private datacenters in Albania belong ... Albania counts around 4.4 million properties, of which 3.8 million have been registered. Albania has an estimated 440,000 ... U.S. Embassy Tirana, Albania. Rruga Elbasanit, Nr. 103. Tirana, Albania. +355 4 224 7285. [email protected] ... The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) signed an agreement with Albania in 1991. Albania has also ratified the ...
But hurry here, because as word gets out about what Albania is hiding, the still-tiny trickle of tourists threatens to become a ... But, with the end of a particularly brutal strain of communism in 1991, Albania tentatively swung open its gates. The first ... Closed to outsiders for much of the 20th century, Albania has long been Mediterranean Europes enigma. Until fairly recently ... A quarter of a century after throwing off the shackles of communism, Albanias stunning mountain scenery, crumbling castles, ...
Albania > Albania - Global Status report on Violence Prevention 2014 - en - http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017 ... Albania-GSRVP-2014-en.pdf - en_pdf);">English (PDF, 105.5 KB) ...
Albanias national elections Sunday were marred by violence after an exchange of gunfire wounded a candidate and killed a ... TIRANA, Albania (AP) - Albanias national elections Sunday were marred by violence after an exchange of gunfire wounded a ... Albania joined NATO in 2009. But it has failed to gain candidate status from the EU, which is pressing for broader democratic ... Albanias Conservative Prime Minister Sali Berisha, 68, who is seeking a third term in office, speaks at a rally in Tirana, ...
UEFA.com is the official site of UEFA, the Union of European Football Associations, and the governing body of football in Europe. UEFA works to promote, protect and develop European football across its 55 member associations and organises some of the worlds most famous football competitions, including the UEFA Champions League, UEFA Womens Champions League, the UEFA Europa League, UEFA EURO and many more. The site features the latest European football news, goals, an extensive archive of video and stats, as well as insights into how the organisation works, including information on financial fair play, how UEFA supports grassroots football and the UEFA HatTrick funding scheme.
The Opinion page article "A Pivotal Time in Albania," April 15, gives a general overview of the difficult economic conditions ... Why Albanias refusal to take Syrias WMDs is a sign of democracy ... We agree that international commitment toward Albania should be larger, but Italys contribution is significant and deserving ... A major effort has already been made by Italy - the leading contributor to Albania. ...
Tirana, Albania 24 July 2020 The Parliament of Albania has adopted the amendments to the Electoral Code after a long period of ... Enhancing the Protection of Human Rights of Prisoners in Albania * Freedom of Expression and Freedom of the Media in Albania ( ... Parliament of Albania. *Ministry of Justice; Ministry of Interior; Ministry of Finance; Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs ... Strengthening the Quality and Efficiency of Justice in Albania (SEJ III) * Supporting enforcement of judicial decisions and ...
We drive into the Ceraunian Mountains of Albania on a switchback-happy coastal road, past walls of black pines and by rickety ... https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/intelligent-travel/2014/12/22/the-far-edge-of-travel-albania.html © 1996-2015 ...
Hereditary family surnames developed quite late in Albania. The practice was not well established until the early 1900s.[1] ... The Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "Family History Record Profile: Albania," ... Retrieved from "http://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Albania_Names,_Personal&oldid=2888474" ...
Albania. · Andorra. · Armenia. · Austria. · Azerbaijan. · Belarus. · Belgium. · Bosnia and Herzegovina. · Bulgaria. · Croatia. ... Media in category "Culture of Albania". This category contains only the following file. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Culture_of_Albania&oldid=241019879" ...
The leader of Albanias main opposition Socialist party canceled a last minute campaign swing today to the pro-ruling party ... Tirana, 25 June 1997 (RFE/RL) - The leader of Albanias main opposition Socialist party canceled a last minute campaign swing ... Meanwhile, another opposition politician today warned that southern rebel-held parts of southern Albania may not accept a ...
Albania - WeatherOnline. Weather forecast up to 14 days including temperature, weather condition and precipitation and much ...
Albania This website has limited functionality with javascript off. Please make sure javascript is enabled in your browser. ... For references, please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/countries-and-regions/albania or scan the QR code. ... The link address is: https://eea.europa.eu/countries-and-regions/albania ...
It represents a compilation from a variety of sources with a linguistic emphasis on anything relating to the term Albania, ... This data dump results in many unexpected examples for Albania, since the editorial decision to include or exclude terms is ... Ever need a fact or quotation on Albania? Designed for speechwriters, journalists, writers, researchers, students, professors, ... It represents a compilation from a variety of sources with a linguistic emphasis on anything relating to the term Albania, ...
UNEP/CMS Secretariat in Abu Dhabi, United Nations Environment Programme, c/o Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi P.O. Box 45553 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates ...
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women and girls in Albania. Financial and physical barriers often mean ... The Family Planning Association of Albania (FPAA) runs family planning clinics in Tirana and Lezha, and has branches in 6 ...
Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about United States Ambassadors Albania From The latimes ... and an armed gang forced its way into the Greek Consulate in southern Albania to demand visas, police said. No one was hurt in ... and an armed gang forced its way into the Greek Consulate in southern Albania to demand visas, police said. No one was hurt in ...
A country in southern Europe, Albania is located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula on the Strait of Otranto, the ... Geographical and historical treatment of Albania, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its people, economy, and ... Alternative Titles: Arbëri, Peoples Republic of Albania, Peoples Socialist Republic of Albania, Republic of Albania, ... Albania. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.. Because of its location on the Adriatic and Ionian seas, Albania has long served as a ...
  • Transparency International's 2018 Corruption Perceptions Index ranked Albania 99th of 180 countries, a drop of eight places from 2017. (state.gov)
  • Albania in April 2017 received a European Commission recommendation to open EU accession negotiations following the passage of historic EU-mandated justice reforms in 2016. (cia.gov)
  • The constitution of the Republic of Albania was promulgated on November 28, 1998. (britannica.com)
  • TIRANA, Albania (AP) - Albania's national elections Sunday were marred by violence after an exchange of gunfire wounded a candidate and killed a supporter of a rival party, tainting what had been a largely peaceful campaign and threatening to undermine the country's bid to join the European Union. (yahoo.com)
  • TIRANA/DURRES, Albania (Reuters) - At least 21 people were killed when the most powerful earthquake to strike Albania in decades shook the capital Tirana and the country's west and north on Tuesday, tearing down buildings and burying residents under rubble. (yahoo.com)
  • UNESCO sites and local communities come to the fore in this whistle-stop tour of Albania which presents the country's highlights and a tourist industry still in its infancy. (responsibletravel.com)
  • While it improved by two spots, to 63 rd , in the World Bank's 2019 "Doing Business" survey, Albania continued to score poorly in the areas of enforcing contracts, registering property, granting construction permits, and obtaining electricity. (state.gov)
  • After lunch, we travel to Durres city which is located on the Adriatic coast and is the main commercial port of Albania. (infohub.com)
  • People stand next to a damaged hotel after an earthquake in Durres, western Albania, on Nov. 26. (yahoo.com)
  • Closed to outsiders for much of the 20th century, Albania has long been Mediterranean Europe's enigma. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Anyone entering Albania from quarantined areas of Italy, which has suffered Europe's deadliest outbreak of coronavirus, will have to self-isolate and face punishment if they do not do so, Health Minister Ogerta Manastirliu said. (reuters.com)
  • One of Europe's poorest but also most unspoiled countries, Albania has been wooing tourists by encouraging them to "Go Your Own Way", counting on the appeal of adventure tourism. (reuters.com)
  • Albania is europe's best kept secret and I hope it remains like that forever, though i know secrets never stay secret for long. (destination360.com)
  • After lunch we travel to Great Prespa Lake, the other lake of Albania, and Prespa National Park, which are areas of outstanding natural beauty. (infohub.com)
  • Albania is an upper middle-income country with a gross domestic product (GDP) per capita of USD 5,288 (2018) and a population of approximately 2.9 million people, around 45 percent of whom live in rural areas. (state.gov)
  • Together, they are host to some 650,000 Albanians, most of them illegal guests, out of the 3.4m who were living in Albania a decade ago. (economist.com)
  • This centuries-old fairytale so-called "Greater Albania" no one should believe in Europe, nor in the world because it is only one political and demagogic propaganda against native Albanians and their Natural Albania whereby that Serbs are aimed protecting and expanding the artificial borders of their Greater Serbia-Velika Srbija. (newsblaze.com)
  • Gambling laws in Albania have been evolving for nearly 20 years, but the Albanians seem intent on conforming to the standard European Union approach to gaming laws. (onlinecasinosuite.com)
  • But, with the end of a particularly brutal strain of communism in 1991, Albania tentatively swung open its gates. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • The Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "Family History Record Profile: Albania," Word document, private files of the FamilySearch Content Strategy Team, 1991-1998. (familysearch.org)
  • Albania has made progress in its democratic development since it first held multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. (cia.gov)
  • Sports betting and lottery games have been legal since 1991, when Albania began to remove Communist restrictions. (onlinecasinosuite.com)
  • Back in the late Eighties a VJV trip was the only way to visit Albania, which was ruled by a paranoid communist dictatorship that issued a few hundred visas each year. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • First stop is the 18th-century monastery of Ardenica, sitting on a hill that the communist regime burrowed into and covered in bunkers and gun emplacements (Albania is peppered with bunkers - there are thought to be more than 700,000 of them). (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Once one of the world's most hardline communist countries, Albania has had a rocky road to democracy over the past couple of decades. (yahoo.com)
  • Ruled as a monarchy between the World Wars, Albania emerged from the violence of World War II as a communist state that fiercely protected its sovereignty and in which almost all aspects of life were controlled by the ruling party. (britannica.com)
  • But with the collapse of other communist regimes beginning in 1989, new social forces and democratic political parties emerged in Albania. (britannica.com)
  • Cultural development in Albania was handicapped by more than four decades of communist rule. (britannica.com)
  • In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of isolated communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. (cia.gov)
  • VIENNA - Albania on Friday rejected Soviet condolences on the death of Enver Hoxha and refused to permit any foreigners to attend the funeral of the longtime Communist Party leader of the Stalinist Balkan state. (latimes.com)
  • There are gradually increasing numbers of opportunities for foreign nationals who wish to work in Albania, as the local economy slowly recovers from its collapse following the end of the communist rule. (internations.org)
  • In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. (indexmundi.com)
  • The current president is Sali Berisha, a two-time president of the country and an important transitional figure in post-Communist Albania. (onlinecasinosuite.com)
  • U.S. aid has helped Albania transition from the most isolated and repressive communist state in Europe to a democracy with a market-oriented economy. (usaid.gov)
  • During this Albania holiday we travel in a circuit, starting in the culture clash capital city of Tirana where Italian architecture, Ottoman minarets, mosques and crumbling communist remnants sit side by side. (responsibletravel.com)
  • The Democratic Party , a centre-right group that made its debut as the first opposition party in Albania, scored a series of election successes in the early 1990s, but it bore the brunt of the blame for the 1997 economic collapse and fell into opposition. (britannica.com)
  • Washington, 3 September 1997 (RFE/RL) - Officials of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Albania are working out final details of a draft agreement to pave the way for emergency economic assistance. (rferl.org)
  • If you search for an official state lottery in Albania, you are likely to find something about the American lottery. (onlinecasinosuite.com)
  • Rescuers search at a damaged building after a magnitude 6.4 earthquake in Thumane, western Albania, on Nov. 26. (yahoo.com)
  • Rescue crews used excavators to search for survivors trapped in toppled apartment buildings after a powerful pre-dawn earthquake in Albania. (yahoo.com)
  • TIRANA (Reuters) - Albania reported its first coronavirus infections on Monday - two men who returned from Italy and four family members of one of them - prompting the government to shut down schools for two weeks and cancel flights and ferries to Italy until April 3. (reuters.com)
  • TIRANA (Reuters) - Albania is planning to try to lure five-star hotel brands with tax breaks, including scrapping profit and property taxes, to increase its appeal for the higher-end of the tourist trade. (reuters.com)
  • I'm sitting in a bar in Tirana, Albania, and there's not a gangster in sight. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Designed by 51N4E with the artist Anri Sala and landscape design firm Plant en Houtgoed, Skanderbeg Square in Tirana, Albania, is part of a broader national effort of decommunization. (metropolismag.com)
  • Regency Casino Tirana (Tirana) - Regency Casino in Tirana, Albania is the first of its kind. (onlinecasinosuite.com)
  • TIRANA, ALBANIA - Relief agencies distributed emergency food and medicines to hospitals and orphanages Saturday as troops from a multinational security force prepared to protect aid convoys. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • With Albania's coastline facing the Adriatic and Ionian seas, its highlands backed upon the elevated Balkan landmass, and the entire country lying at a latitude subject to a variety of weather patterns during the winter and summer seasons, Albania has a high number of climatic regions for such a small area. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to 2011 census, 58.79% of Albania 's population adheres to Islam , making it the largest religion in the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Albania is a small predominantly mountainous country between Southeastern and Southern Europe, on facing the Adriatic and Ionian seas within the Mediterranean Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Albania is a small, mountainous country in the Balkan peninsula, with a long Adriatic and Ionian coastline. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consequently, Albania is now perceived as the most corrupt country in the Western Balkans. (state.gov)
  • The conservative prime minister, Berisha, and his close rival, Socialist Party leader Edi Rama, have both expressed the hope that Albania can gain eventual entry to the EU, and Sunday's election was seen as a test of whether the country can run a fair and safe vote. (yahoo.com)
  • The Opinion page article "A Pivotal Time in Albania," April 15, gives a general overview of the difficult economic conditions prevailing in that country and underlines that the international community, and the West in particular, should undertake a major effort to help Albania. (csmonitor.com)
  • The Family Planning Association of Albania (FPAA) runs family planning clinics in Tirana and Lezha, and has branches in 6 districts of the country. (ippf.org)
  • Ottoman rule cut off Albania from Western civilization for more than four centuries, but in the late 19th century the country began to remove itself from Ottoman influence and to rediscover old affinities and common interests with the West. (britannica.com)
  • Contributions to the Albania Country Fund will support Volunteer and community projects that will take place in Albania. (peacecorps.gov)
  • If you take regular medication, you may need to arrange to source your medicines from your home country, as some medications are unavailable in Albania. (internations.org)
  • Nevertheless, if you're about to relocate to Albania, read on for useful info on the country, its peoples, the climate and more. (internations.org)
  • As part of the REC country office network, REC Albania works to fulfill the REC's mission by supporting NGOs, environmental institutions at the national, regional and local levels, and various stakeholders in the field of the environment. (rec.org)
  • Albania became the first officially atheist country in the world in 1967. (chicagotribune.com)
  • After the collapse in 1990 of the iron regime installed by Enver Hoxha, which had put the country in a state of profound poverty and near total isolation, Albania has experienced a long period of transition leading to an extraordinary political, economic and social transformation. (brusselsairlines.com)
  • For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/water/europes-seas-and-coasts/assessments/state-of-bathing-water/country-reports-2014-bathing-season/albania-2014-bathing-water-report or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
  • Cile Precetaj of Sterling Heights, Michigan faces rebuilding her life in her native Albania after being deported from the United States following an 18-year fight to stay in the country. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • We hope that Country Calling Codes has been helpful in finding the Venezuelan calling code to make your international call from Albania to Miranda, Venezuela. (countrycallingcodes.com)
  • Albania is the poorest country in Europe, with per capita income a quarter of the European Union average, according to the International Monetary Fund. (yahoo.com)
  • This Albania is a ten day cultural tour around this highly underrated Mediterranean country which is packed with Byzantine and Roman history, just as its neighbouring Greece is, and yet so much further off the cultural tourist s radar. (responsibletravel.com)
  • Biodiversity and Protected Areas-- Albania" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Both areas are also bordering with other countries and the dialogue on biodiversity conservation between Albania and these two countries may also lead to a broader systemic approach to conservation. (iucn.org)
  • While numerous judges and prosecutors have been dismissed by a vetting commission for unexplained wealth or organized crime ties, foreign investors perceive the investment climate as problematic and say Albania remains a difficult place to do business. (state.gov)
  • The largest national park in Albania is the Fir of Hotova National Park, covering a surface area of 34,361 hectares (343.61 km2) and having the largest area of Bulgarian Fir in the Balkans. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's the Natural Albania, not at all the "Greater Albania" as is fabricated and invented by the Greater Serbia-Velika Serbia (1844-2015), but only natural Albania within its ethnic, historical and geopolitical borders in the Balkans Peninsula. (newsblaze.com)
  • For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/countries-and-regions/albania or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
  • We attempt to explain why Albania was successful in reducing inflation, by the end of 1995, to a level comparable to many countries in the European Union. (repec.org)
  • In Albania, once one of the most closed countries in the world, some farmers still depend on horse-drawn carts to traverse the many rutted roads. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Because of its location on the Adriatic and Ionian seas, Albania has long served as a bridgehead for various nations and empires seeking conquest abroad. (britannica.com)
  • Its entire territory consists of indigenous territories looted from Hungary, Croatia, Bosnia and Albania (1878-1945) by wars, aggressions, expulsions, terror and genocide. (newsblaze.com)
  • Since then, and even today in the 21th century (second decade) this inter-territorial geopolitical problem between Serbia, Albania, Hungary, Croatia and Bosnia remained unresolved. (newsblaze.com)
  • Albania and Bosnia Hezergovina I specially loved because of their history and the lack of huge tourist crowds even in the peak months. (destination360.com)
  • Meanwhile, another opposition politician today warned that southern rebel-held parts of southern Albania may not accept a ruling party win in Sunday's general elections. (rferl.org)
  • Albania must emerge from these elections holding its head up high," he said. (reuters.com)
  • Albania is like Croatia was 10-15 years ago, so it's great to travel to Albania for the unspoiled beaches without the crowds. (destination360.com)
  • The main objective of the party is to propose a pacific solution to establish Greater Albania. (wikipedia.org)
  • "Greater Albania" doesn't exist, but Greater Serbia, yes! (newsblaze.com)
  • The economic difficulties in Albania since the end of communism have meant that there are few employment opportunities for foreign nationals interested in moving to Albania. (internations.org)
  • Korca is a historic place with rich cultural traditions and some interesting buildings from the Ottoman period, including one of the most important mosques in Albania. (infohub.com)
  • Read on for more expat advice about transport, healthcare and security in Albania. (internations.org)
  • Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939 and occupied by Germany in 1943. (cia.gov)
  • Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939. (osu.edu)
  • It represents a compilation from a variety of sources with a linguistic emphasis on anything relating to the term Albania, including non-conventional usage and alternative meanings which capture ambiguities. (google.com)
  • This data dump results in many unexpected examples for Albania, since the editorial decision to include or exclude terms is purely a linguistic process. (google.com)
  • Mr Rama is popular in Albania and polls indicate that, currently predicted to gain in the region of 49 per cent of the national vote, he is on target to win the election. (telegraph.co.uk)