AlaskaInuits: Inuktitut-speakers generally associated with the northern polar region.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)United States Indian Health Service: A division of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that is responsible for the public health and the provision of medical services to NATIVE AMERICANS in the United States, primarily those residing on reservation lands.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Siberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.Population Groups: Individuals classified according to their sex, racial origin, religion, common place of living, financial or social status, or some other cultural or behavioral attribute. (UMLS, 2003)SculptureCenters for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.): An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.Construction Materials: Supplies used in building.Calcium Carbonate: Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.WyomingPoa: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that contains the Poa p Ia allergen and allergen C KBGP.ArizonaRivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Sadism: A condition in which there is a derivation of pleasure from inflicting pain, discomfort or humiliation on another person or persons. The sexual significance of sadistic wishes or behavior may be conscious or unconscious.Atlantic OceanEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.WashingtonIndianaHistory, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Camping: Living outdoors as a recreational activity.Attentional Blink: Temporary visual deficit or impaired visual processing occurring in a rapid serial visual presentation task. After a person identifies the first of two visual targets, the ability to detect the second target is impaired for the next few hundred milliseconds. This phenomenon is called attentional blink.Ice Cover: A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Sloths: Slow-moving exclusively arboreal mammals that inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.Ruminants: A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.Mammoths: An extinct genus of large mammals in the family Elephantidae that fed by grazing on low vegetation. Most died out at the end of the last ice age.Abelmoschus: A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE, order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae best known for okra.Ectoparasitic Infestations: Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.Extinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.BooksInternet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Dictionaries, ChemicalUser-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Airports: Terminal facilities used for aircraft takeoff and landing and including facilities for handling passengers. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)Aviation: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Aerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Military Medicine: The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.Ericaceae: The heath plant family of the order Ericales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are generally shrubs or small trees. Leaves are alternate, simple, and leathery; flowers are symmetrical with a 4- or 5-parted corolla of partly fused petals.Collagen Type VI: A non-fibrillar collagen that forms a network of MICROFIBRILS within the EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX of CONNECTIVE TISSUE. The alpha subunits of collagen type VI assemble into antiparallel, overlapping dimers which then align to form tetramers.Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: Rare cutaneous eruption characterized by extensive KERATINOCYTE apoptosis resulting in skin detachment with mucosal involvement. It is often provoked by the use of drugs (e.g., antibiotics and anticonvulsants) or associated with PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA. It is considered a continuum of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.Saints: Persons officially recognized or acknowledged as pre-eminent for consecration, holiness, and piety, especially through canonization by a branch of the Christian church. (From Webster, 3d ed)Helminthiasis, Animal: Infestation of animals with parasitic worms of the helminth class. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Bence Jones Protein: An abnormal protein with unusual thermosolubility characteristics that is found in the urine of patients with MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

Different prevalences of Renibacterium salmoninarum detected by ELISA in Alaskan chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha spawned from freshwater and seawater. (1/747)

Soluble antigen of Renibacterium salmoninarum (Rs) was detected by a polyclonal enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) at significantly higher prevalences in adult chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha that matured in freshwater than in the same cohort of fish spawned after maturation in seawater. The cumulative results were consistent during 4 yr of comparison at the Little Port Walter Hatchery on Baranof Island, Alaska, USA. Possible causes for this difference are discussed. Maturation of chinook salmon broodstock in seawater has become a practical strategy at this hatchery to reduce the prevalence of Rs-positive parent fish and the numbers of culled eggs.  (+info)

Mercury in Alaskan Eskimo mothers and infants. (2/747)

The potential danger of natural mercury accumulation in the diet of the Eskimo is evaluated through mercury levels determined in cord blood, placenta, maternal blood, hair, and milk of 38 maternal-infant pairs from Anchorage and the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. Although mercury levels are not discernably dangerous, trends to larger accumulations in maternal and fetal RBC and placental tissue with proximity to the sea and consumption of seals during pregnancy provide the basis for considering possible indicators of neonatal involvement. Mercury level in RBC from cord blood appeared as the best potential indicator of this involvement, although relationships with the mother's diet and level of mercury in the placenta also appear useful. In this area, average and maximal mercury levels in cord blood are 39 and 78 ng/ml, respectively, far below the acknowledged toxic level in infants of these mothers who eat seals or fish every day during their pregnancy.  (+info)

Clinical services assessment and reengineering: lessons learned. (3/747)

Healthcare enterprises often "acquire and install" picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) without examining many of the care delivery processes and information flows that will be affected. Many times these unexamined factors can delay or be the cause of failure of the PACS project. This article presents issues that were worked through as part of a PACS clinical services assessment and reengineering analysis for several US military medical treatment facilities.  (+info)

Seroepidemiology of California and Bunyamwera serogroup (Bunyaviridae) virus infections in native populations of Alaska. (4/747)

This study investigated the geographic distribution and prevalence of antibodies to California and Bunyamwera serogroup viruses in Native populations of Alaska, and demographic and ecologic risk factors associated with exposure. Sera (n = 1,635) from 18 communities were screened using an ELISA. All age groups were tested for antibodies to Jamestown Canyon (JC), Inkoo (INK), snowshoe hare (SSH), and Northway (NOR) viruses; persons > or = 45 years old (n = 90) from six communities were additionally tested for antibodies to Tahyna (TAH), Batai (BAT), Cache Valley (CV), and Sindbis (SIN) viruses. Thirty free-ranging mammals were tested by a plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT) for antibodies to all eight viruses and to Getah (GET) virus. In Natives, overall antibody prevalence was 24.9% (JC = 17.6%, monotypic JC = 6.5%, INK = 11.1%, monotypic INK = 0.6%, SSH = 6.8%, monotypic SSH = 3.5%, and NOR = 6.2%). Five TAH, CV, and BAT virus exposures may be serologic cross-reactions, and no SIN virus antibodies were detected. Sindbis-like virus antibodies were found in 30% of the mammals. Most mammals had antibodies to NOR (83.3%) and California serogroup (70.0%) viruses; no GET virus exposures were found. Significant risk factors for human bunyavirus exposures were age group, ethnic-linguistic group, biotic province, climate zone, terrestrial vegetation, and presence of some ungulates and small mammals in communities. Sex was not a significant risk factor.  (+info)

Severe respiratory syncytial virus disease in Alaska native children. RSV Alaska Study Group. (5/747)

Hospitalization rates for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection range from 1 to 20/1000 infants. To determine the rate and severity of RSV infections requiring hospitalization for infants in the Yukon-Kuskokwim (YK) Delta of Alaska, a 3-year prospective surveillance study was conducted. The annual rate of RSV hospitalization for YK Delta infants <1 year of age was 53-249/1000. RSV infection was the most frequent cause of infant hospitalization. RSV disease severity did not differ among non-high-risk infants in the YK Delta and at Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH). On average, 1/125 infants born in the YK Delta required mechanical ventilation for RSV infection. During the peak season, approximately $1034/child <3 years of age was spent on RSV hospitalization in the YK Delta. In YK Delta infants +info)

Outbreak of influenza A infection among travelers--Alaska and the Yukon Territory, May-June 1999. (6/747)

On June 18, 1999, CDC and Health Canada received reports from public health authorities in Alaska and the Yukon Territory about clusters of febrile respiratory illness and associated pneumonia among travelers and tourism workers. This report presents information about the outbreak. Laboratory evidence, including rapid influenza A antigen-detection tests and viral cultures from respiratory specimens, has implicated influenza A virus as the cause of illness.  (+info)

Epizootiology of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus in Pacific herring from the spawn-on-kelp fishery in Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA. (7/747)

Both the prevalence and tissue titer of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) increased in Pacific herring Clupea pallasi following their introduction into net pens (pounds) used in the closed pound spawn-on-kelp (SOK) fishery in Prince William Sound, Alaska. VHSV was also found in water samples from inside and outside the SOK pounds after herring had been confined for several days; however, water samples taken near wild free-ranging, spawning herring either failed to test positive or tested weakly positive for virus. Little or no virus was found in tissue samples from free-ranging, spawning herring captured from the vicinity of the pounds, nor did the prevalence of VHSV increase following spawning as it did in impounded herring. The data indicated that increased prevalences of VHSV were correlated with confinement of herring for the closed pound SOK fishery and that infection was spread within the pounds through waterborne exposure to virus particles originating from impounded fish. In addition, pounds containing predominantly young fish had higher prevalences of VHSV, suggesting that older fish may be partially immune, perhaps as a result of previous infection with the virus. Operation of SOK pounds during spawning seasons in which young herring predominate may amplify the disease and possibly exacerbate the population fluctuations observed in wild herring stocks.  (+info)

Asthma prevalence among American Indian and Alaska Native children. (8/747)

OBJECTIVES: Although asthma is the most common chronic childhood illness in the United States, little is known about its prevalence among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children. The authors used the latest available household survey data to estimate the prevalence of asthma in this population. METHODS: The authors analyzed data for children ages 1 through 17 years from the 1987 Survey of American Indians and Alaska Natives (SAIAN) and the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey (NMES). At least one member of each AI/AN household included in the SAIAN was eligible for services through the Indian Health Service. RESULTS: The weighted prevalence of parent-reported asthma was 7.06% among 2288 AI/AN children ages 1-17 (95% CI 5.08, 9.04), compared with a US estimate of 8.40% for children ages 1-17 based on the 1987 NMES (95% CI 7.65, 9.15). The AI/AN sample was too small to yield stable estimates for a comparison between AI/AN children and all US children when the data were stratified according to household income and metropolitan vs non-metropolitan residence. The unadjusted asthma prevalence rates were similar for AI/AN children and for children in the NMES sample. CONCLUSIONS: In 1987, the prevalence of parent-reported asthma was similar for AI/AN children in the SAIAN sample and for children in the NMES sample. More recent data are needed to better understand the current prevalence of asthma among AI/AN children.  (+info)

  • The Alaska Marine Highway ferries move people and vehicles between communities in Southeast and connect Southeast Alaska via the Inside Passage to Prince Rupert, BC, and Bellingham, WA, and to southcentral Alaska via Cross-Gulf sailings between Juneau and Whittier. (
  • Guests are Senator Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), Bruce Botelho, Mayor of Juneau, AK, and Beth Kerttula, Minority Leader/Alaska State House of Representatives. (
  • [ citation needed ] She marked what would become a resurgence of pageant winners entering the performing arts throughout the 2000s, most notably professional violinist Audrey Solomon, Miss Alaska 2000, as well as Miss Alaska 2001 and 2003, who performed on Broadway . (
  • Bethel, Alaska - Children had lower rates of tooth extractions and more preventive care in Alaska Native communities served frequently by Dental Health Aide Therapists (DHATs) than residents in communities not receiving any DHAT services, according to a new study released by the University of Washington. (
  • For example, Sitka spruce is migrating from the upper Alaska Peninsula west toward the Aleutians and southwest toward the Kodiak Island Archipelago, while alder has increased dramatically in the region over the last several centuries. (
  • Russia controlled Alaska from the turn of the 19th century until October 18, 1867, when Alaska was transferred to the U.S. As the Russian capital of Alaska, Sitka was the center of Russia's fur-trading empire and a port of international trade, controlling trading posts from California to the Aleutians. (
  • The majority of Southeast Alaska lies within Tongass National Forest, the largest national forest in the United States. (
  • Together with our friends at Salmon State and Trout Unlimited-Alaska, we are proud to release a new video created to explain how the federal Roadless Rule protects Alaska's Tongass National Forest. (
  • Alaska Wilderness League had a busy week recently in Washington, D.C., defending the Tongass National Forest from the Trump administration's efforts to remove Roadless Rule protections. (
  • A summary of the preliminary harvests and values by the Alaska Dept. of Fish and Game shows that Alaska's total 2020 salmon catch came in at just under 117 million fish, a 44% decrease from last season's haul of 208.3 million fish, and the 13th lowest on record. (
  • The total halibut catch limit for 2020, which includes Alaska, the West Coast states and British Columbia, totaled 35.5 million pounds. (
  • Discarded halibut in 2020 is estimated at just over 5 million pounds, down from 6.56 million in 2019, nearly all of which was taken in Alaska non-halibut fisheries (4.68 million pounds). (
  • After following the Alaska Dividend since 1999, and I want to share six lessons that supporters of progressive economic policy should learn from what I call "the Alaska model," but first some basic background. (
  • In 1999, a ballot initiative proposed diverting funds from the APF was rejected by more than 80 percent of Alaska voters. (
  • Southeast Alaska , sometimes referred to as the Alaska Panhandle , is the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Alaska , bordered to the east by the northern half of the Canadian province of British Columbia . (
  • Southeast Alaska is the northern terminus of the Inside Passage , a protected waterway of convoluted passages between islands and fjords, beginning in Puget Sound in Washington state. (
  • Southeast Alaska has a land area of 35,138 square miles (91,010 km 2 ) [ citation needed ] comprising seven entire boroughs and two census areas , in addition to the portion of the Yakutat Borough lying east of 141° West longitude. (
  • Major bodies of water of Southeast Alaska include Glacier Bay , Lynn Canal , Icy Strait , Chatham Strait , Stephens Passage , Frederick Sound , Sumner Strait , and Clarence Strait . (
  • Southeast Alaska is a temperate rain forest within the Pacific temperate rain forest zone, as classified by the World Wildlife Fund 's ecoregion system, which extends from northern California to Prince William Sound . (
  • Major industries in Southeast Alaska include commercial fishing and tourism (primarily the cruise ship industry). (
  • This site contains a pictoral description of Southeast Alaska, its caves, and its geologic history. (
  • Comprised of a narrow strip of mainland backed up against the Coast Mountains and Canada, and hundreds of islands of the Alexander Archipelago, Southeast forms the all-water route to Alaska known as the Inside Passage. (
  • Southeast Alaska lies between 54°40' and 60° north latitude, the same as Scotland and southern Sweden. (
  • The largest island in the region is Prince of Wales Island (third largest island in the U.S.). Prince of Wales Island also has the most extensive road system in Southeast Alaska. (
  • As the Russian population moved out, and the fur trade declined, so did interest in Southeast Alaska. (
  • Alaska state officials and the Alaska congressional delegation have attempted to force on Southeast Alaska communities and the region's economies something they don't want or need: a revival of large-scale clear-cutting. (
  • At Southeast Alaska, 14.3 million salmon crossed the docks valued at just over $50 million to fishermen. (
  • For example, four island and one mainland subspecies of ermine, Mustela erminea, have been described as endemic to southeast Alaska alone. (
  • We found three distinct (1.5-3.6% uncorrected 'p') lineages of ermine, all of which occur in southeast Alaska. (
  • One lineage includes a southeast Alaska endemic and specimens from Alaska (outside of southeast) and Eurasia. (
  • The close relationships of these purported endemics to ermine outside of southeast Alaska suggest that they colonized the region from Beringian and southern glacial refugia, respectively, following deglaciation of the NPC. (
  • The third lineage appears restricted to the Prince of Wales Island complex in southeast Alaska (two subspecies) and Grah. (
  • Numerous species of animals, such as Dall's sheep, black bear, and Trumpeter Swans, also reach the limits of their statewide range in Southwest Alaska parklands. (
  • This coastline spans 1,200 miles in the northern Gulf of Alaska, from the heavily glaciated Kenai Fjords National Park on the Kenai Peninsula to sparsely glaciated Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve on the Alaska Peninsula. (
  • Gulf of Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1100, p. 153-155. (
  • The Miss Alaska competition is a scholarship pageant that selects the representative for the state of Alaska in the Miss America pageant. (
  • Unlike most state-level pageants in the Miss America system, Alaska allows any eligible woman to enter the Miss Alaska pageant without first having to win a local qualifying pageant. (
  • In 1976, a state referendum created the Alaska Permanent Fund (APF), a portfolio of diversified assets, into which the government would invest a small part of the state's oil revenue each year as a way to turn the temporary stream of oil money into permanent wealth. (
  • In 1982, the state government finally decided to distribute part of the returns from that fund as a yearly dividend, and the Alaska model was born. (
  • And during the 1990s and 2000s it helped Alaska become the only US state in which equality rose rather than fell (for more on this, see this book on the Alaska model I co-edited with Michael W. Howard). (
  • But Alaska is the only coastal state without a current coastal zone management plan. (
  • This diversity feature is shared by each of the Southwest Alaska Network parklands, which collectively span three Alaska climatic zones and 11 ecoregions. (
  • To better understand the role of past climatic change in generating diversity in the region, we examined DNA sequence variation in the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene of 210 ermine from across North America, with an emphasis on Alaska and British Columbia. (
  • The landscapes of the northern Alaska Peninsula and Kenai Peninsula have been shaped by volcanism, tectonic uplift and subsidence, and broad-scale glaciation. (
  • At the Alaska Peninsula, the salmon value came in at $16.6 million this summer on a harvest of 8.7 million fish, compared to $49 million on landings of nearly 27 million salmon last year. (
  • Our study used a novel community-based approach to integrate local knowledge with scientific analysis to document and estimate the relative effects that specific environmental conditions are having on access to subsistence resources across Interior Alaska. (
  • Tamped down prices due to toppled markets caused by the COVID-19 pandemic combined with low salmon returns to many Alaska regions added up to reduced paychecks for fishermen and will mean lower tax revenues for fishing communities. (
  • Some salmon facts: 95 percent of wild salmon eaten by Americans comes from Alaska, but Alaska salmon provides only about 13 percent of the global supply. (
  • Christi A. Patten, Ph.D. , a tobacco cessation researcher at Mayo Clinic's campus in Minnesota who has worked with this population for nearly 15 years, says all forms of tobacco use are an accepted cultural norm in some rural Alaska Native communities. (
  • Compare similar native health facilities that have expanded in urban Alaska with the proposed expansion in rural Alaska. (
  • Is there a need for expansion with native health care facilities in rural Alaska? (
  • Southwest Alaska parks are places where land and water meet. (
  • Coastal Aleutian, low-Arctic, interior-boreal, and Pacific coastal floras and faunas converge in southwest Alaska, with Southwest Alaska parklands supporting 60% of the state's vascular plant flora. (
  • Approximately one-fifth of the landmass within Southwest Alaska parklands is covered by ice or permanent snowfields. (
  • Southwest Alaska parklands contain almost one-third of the marine coastline in the National Park System. (
  • Alaska has more miles of coastline than the rest of the country combined. (
  • Many are pushing private investors and the U.S. government to invest in the region, saying the Alaska coastline has tremendous implications for the U.S. economy, environment and security. (
  • Groups of infants receiving the different vaccines did not differ significantly by sex, ethnicity, degree Alaska Native or age at vaccination. (