Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
Examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the larynx performed with a specially designed endoscope.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
Endoscopes for examining the interior of the larynx.
A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.
The technology of transmitting light over long distances through strands of glass or other transparent material.
In the medical field, manikins are realistic, full-size models of human bodies used for teaching and practicing medical skills, such as CPR, intubation, or surgical procedures, as they provide a realistic and safe training environment without the use of actual patients.
Apparatus, devices, or supplies intended for one-time or temporary use.
Surgical incision of the trachea.
The small thick cartilage that forms the lower and posterior parts of the laryngeal wall.
Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
Introduction of a tube into a hollow organ to restore or maintain patency if obstructed. It is differentiated from CATHETERIZATION in that the insertion of a catheter is usually performed for the introducing or withdrawing of fluids from the body.
Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
The structural changes in the number, mass, size and/or composition of the airway tissues.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
Congenital malformation characterized by MICROGNATHIA or RETROGNATHIA; GLOSSOPTOSIS and CLEFT PALATE. The mandibular abnormalities often result in difficulties in sucking and swallowing. The syndrome may be isolated or associated with other syndromes (e.g., ANDERSEN SYNDROME; CAMPOMELIC DYSPLASIA). Developmental mis-expression of SOX9 TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR gene on chromosome 17q and its surrounding region is associated with the syndrome.
Surgical formation of an opening into the trachea through the neck, or the opening so created.
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.
Fixed-wing aircraft or helicopters equipped for air transport of patients.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.
A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.
Back flow of gastric contents to the LARYNGOPHARYNX where it comes in contact with tissues of the upper aerodigestive tract. Laryngopharyngeal reflux is an extraesophageal manifestation of GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LARYNX which coordinates many functions such as voice production, breathing, swallowing, and coughing.
Endoscopes for the visualization of the interior of the bronchi.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
The vocal apparatus of the larynx, situated in the middle section of the larynx. Glottis consists of the VOCAL FOLDS and an opening (rima glottidis) between the folds.
General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.
The removal of secretions, gas or fluid from hollow or tubular organs or cavities by means of a tube and a device that acts on negative pressure.
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.
That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)
Tracheal stenosis is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal narrowing or constriction of the lumen of the trachea, which can lead to respiratory distress and other related symptoms.
Inhaling liquid or solids, such as stomach contents, into the RESPIRATORY TRACT. When this causes severe lung damage, it is called ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA.
Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.
Care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities associated with the cardiopulmonary system. It includes the therapeutic use of medical gases and their administrative apparatus, environmental control systems, humidification, aerosols, ventilatory support, bronchopulmonary drainage and exercise, respiratory rehabilitation, assistance with cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and maintenance of natural, artificial, and mechanical airways.
Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
A quaternary skeletal muscle relaxant usually used in the form of its bromide, chloride, or iodide. It is a depolarizing relaxant, acting in about 30 seconds and with a duration of effect averaging three to five minutes. Succinylcholine is used in surgical, anesthetic, and other procedures in which a brief period of muscle relaxation is called for.
A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
Acceleration produced by the mutual attraction of two masses, and of magnitude inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the two centers of mass. It is also the force imparted by the earth, moon, or a planet to an object near its surface. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)
A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.
Respiratory support system used primarily with rates of about 100 to 200/min with volumes of from about one to three times predicted anatomic dead space. Used to treat respiratory failure and maintain ventilation under severe circumstances.
A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of medical care.
The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.
Moving a patient into a specific position or POSTURE to facilitate examination, surgery, or for therapeutic purposes.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
Tendency of the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree to contract more intensely in response to a given stimulus than it does in the response seen in normal individuals. This condition is present in virtually all symptomatic patients with asthma. The most prominent manifestation of this smooth muscle contraction is a decrease in airway caliber that can be readily measured in the pulmonary function laboratory.
Inflammation of the throat (PHARYNX).
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree. The respiratory mucosa consists of various types of epithelial cells ranging from ciliated columnar to simple squamous, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Great Britain is not a medical term, but a geographical name for the largest island in the British Isles, which comprises England, Scotland, and Wales, forming the major part of the United Kingdom.
A traditional term for all the activities which a physician or other health care professional normally performs to insure the coordination of the medical services required by a patient. It also, when used in connection with managed care, covers all the activities of evaluating the patient, planning treatment, referral, and follow-up so that care is continuous and comprehensive and payment for the care is obtained. (From Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2nd ed)
Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
Generating, planning, organizing, and administering medical and nursing care and services for patients.
Narrowing of the caliber of the BRONCHI, physiologically or as a result of pharmacological intervention.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.

Rigid fibrescope Bonfils: use in simulated difficult airway by novices. (1/98)


A consensus-based template for uniform reporting of data from pre-hospital advanced airway management. (2/98)


Do videolaryngoscopes have a new role in the SIAARTI difficult airway management algorithm? (3/98)

The rigid standard Macintosh laryngoscope is the instrument used to obtain an adequate view of the larynx in most patients. In cases of unpredicted severe laryngoscopic difficulties, the SIAARTI guidelines suggest waking the patient and using fiberoptic intubation with topical anesthesia. In the last decade, many videolaryngoscopes have been produced and introduced into clinical use. They provide an excellent view of the glottis. Their role in the SIAARTI algorithm for difficult airway management is now better defined. In fact, their use could be suggested in cases of unpredicted severe laryngoscopic difficulty as a step before awakening the patient. Moreover, they could be used in predicted severe intubation difficulty as an alternative to flexible fiberscope.  (+info)

Self-poisoning suicide deaths in England: could improved medical management contribute to suicide prevention? (4/98)


Management of a patient with an unexpected obstructing carinal mass. (5/98)

Surgical procedures involving the airway or for mediastinal masses present considerable challenges for the anesthesiologist. Aside from the obvious technical challenges of providing ventilation, the anesthesiologist must share the airway with the surgeon. Careful and meticulous preoperative evaluation and preparation and intraoperative interaction with the surgical team is critical to assure control of the airway. We report a case of management of a patient with an unexpected near total obstruction of the airway from a carinal mass.  (+info)

Propofol versus sevoflurane for fiberoptic intubation under spontaneous breathing anesthesia in patients difficult to intubate. (6/98)

BACKGROUND: The most recommended technique for the management of patients with a difficult airway is fiberoptic intubation (FOI). The aim of this study was to compare propofol and sevoflurane for FOI performance in patients who were difficult to intubate. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients scheduled for maxillo-facial surgery were included in this prospective, randomized study. The airway was topically anesthetized with lidocaine 5% before performance of FOI with propofol TCI (group P) or sevoflurane (group S). The following parameters were recorded: rate of success, duration of the induction and of the FOI, BIS and PETCO2 values. A visual analogic scale (VAS) was used to monitor the technical difficulties as well as the recall of patients and their satisfaction. The respiratory and hemodynamic complications were also evaluated. RESULTS: Induction and procedure duration were significantly shorter in group S compared with group P. The rate of successful FOI was not different: 38 cases (97%) in group P and 35 cases (90%) in group S. No significant differences were observed between groups regarding BIS values and VAS values for technical difficulties and for patient recall and satisfaction. The incidence of hypertension or tachycardia was significantly higher in group S compared with group P. The incidence of respiratory complications was not significantly different between the groups, but three patients experienced obstructive dyspnea with hypoxemia. CONCLUSION: Propofol and sevoflurane provide a high success rate for the performance of FOI in patients who are difficult to intubate.  (+info)

Manual hyperinflation is associated with a low rate of adverse events when performed by experienced and trained nurses in stable critically ill patients--a prospective observational study. (7/98)

BACKGROUND: Manual hyperinflation (MH) can be performed as part of airway management in intubated and mechanically ventilated patients to mobilize airway secretions. Although previous studies demonstrated MH to be associated with hemodynamic and respiratory instability, we hypothesized MH to cause fewer adverse events (AEs) when performed by experienced and trained nurses in stable critically ill patients. METHODS: The incidence and type of AEs associated with MH were studied in a 28-bed mixed medical-surgical Intensive Care Unit. A difference in mean arterial pressure (MAP) or heart rate (HR) >15%, a decrease in peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) >5%, and a change in end-tidal (et)-CO2 >20% were considered AEs. A decrease of MAP to +info)

National census of airway management techniques used for anaesthesia in the UK: first phase of the Fourth National Audit Project at the Royal College of Anaesthetists. (8/98)


Airway management is a set of procedures and techniques used to maintain or restore the flow of air into and out of the lungs, ensuring adequate ventilation and oxygenation of the body. This is critical in medical emergencies such as respiratory arrest, cardiac arrest, trauma, and other situations where a patient may have difficulty breathing on their own.

Airway management includes various interventions, such as:

1. Basic airway maneuvers: These include chin lift, jaw thrust, and suctioning to clear the airway of obstructions.
2. Use of adjuncts: Devices like oropharyngeal (OPA) and nasopharyngeal airways (NPA) can be used to maintain an open airway.
3. Bag-valve-mask (BVM) ventilation: This is a technique where a mask is placed over the patient's face, and positive pressure is applied to the bag to help move air in and out of the lungs.
4. Endotracheal intubation: A flexible plastic tube is inserted through the mouth or nose and advanced into the trachea (windpipe) to secure the airway and allow for mechanical ventilation.
5. Supraglottic airway devices (SADs): These are alternatives to endotracheal intubation, such as laryngeal mask airways (LMAs), that provide a temporary seal over the upper airway to facilitate ventilation.
6. Surgical airway: In rare cases, when other methods fail or are not possible, a surgical airway may be established by creating an opening through the neck (cricothyrotomy or tracheostomy) to access the trachea directly.

Proper airway management requires knowledge of anatomy, understanding of various techniques and devices, and the ability to quickly assess and respond to changing clinical situations. Healthcare professionals, such as physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists, and paramedics, receive extensive training in airway management to ensure competency in managing this critical aspect of patient care.

A laryngeal mask is a type of supraglottic airway device that is used in anesthesia and critical care to secure the airway during procedures or respiratory support. It consists of an inflatable cuff that is inserted into the hypopharynx, behind the tongue, and above the laryngeal opening. The cuff forms a low-pressure seal around the laryngeal inlet, allowing for the delivery of ventilated gases to the lungs while minimizing the risk of aspiration.

Laryngeal masks are often used as an alternative to endotracheal intubation, especially in cases where intubation is difficult or contraindicated. They are also used in emergency situations for airway management and during resuscitation efforts. Laryngeal masks come in various sizes and designs, with some models allowing for the placement of a gastric tube to decompress the stomach and reduce the risk of regurgitation and aspiration.

Overall, laryngeal masks provide a safe and effective means of securing the airway while minimizing trauma and discomfort to the patient.

Intubation, intratracheal is a medical procedure in which a flexible plastic or rubber tube called an endotracheal tube (ETT) is inserted through the mouth or nose, passing through the vocal cords and into the trachea (windpipe). This procedure is performed to establish and maintain a patent airway, allowing for the delivery of oxygen and the removal of carbon dioxide during mechanical ventilation in various clinical scenarios, such as:

1. Respiratory failure or arrest
2. Procedural sedation
3. Surgery under general anesthesia
4. Neuromuscular disorders
5. Ingestion of toxic substances
6. Head and neck trauma
7. Critical illness or injury affecting the airway

The process of intubation is typically performed by trained medical professionals, such as anesthesiologists, emergency medicine physicians, or critical care specialists, using direct laryngoscopy or video laryngoscopy to visualize the vocal cords and guide the ETT into the correct position. Once placed, the ETT is secured to prevent dislodgement, and the patient's respiratory status is continuously monitored to ensure proper ventilation and oxygenation.

Laryngoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the examination of the larynx, which is the upper part of the windpipe (trachea), and the vocal cords using a specialized instrument called a laryngoscope. The laryngoscope is inserted through the mouth or nose to provide a clear view of the larynx and surrounding structures. This procedure can be performed for diagnostic purposes, such as identifying abnormalities like growths, inflammation, or injuries, or for therapeutic reasons, such as removing foreign objects or taking tissue samples for biopsy. There are different types of laryngoscopes and techniques used depending on the reason for the examination and the patient's specific needs.

Airway obstruction is a medical condition that occurs when the normal flow of air into and out of the lungs is partially or completely blocked. This blockage can be caused by a variety of factors, including swelling of the tissues in the airway, the presence of foreign objects or substances, or abnormal growths such as tumors.

When the airway becomes obstructed, it can make it difficult for a person to breathe normally. They may experience symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness. In severe cases, airway obstruction can lead to respiratory failure and other life-threatening complications.

There are several types of airway obstruction, including:

1. Upper airway obstruction: This occurs when the blockage is located in the upper part of the airway, such as the nose, throat, or voice box.
2. Lower airway obstruction: This occurs when the blockage is located in the lower part of the airway, such as the trachea or bronchi.
3. Partial airway obstruction: This occurs when the airway is partially blocked, allowing some air to flow in and out of the lungs.
4. Complete airway obstruction: This occurs when the airway is completely blocked, preventing any air from flowing into or out of the lungs.

Treatment for airway obstruction depends on the underlying cause of the condition. In some cases, removing the obstruction may be as simple as clearing the airway of foreign objects or mucus. In other cases, more invasive treatments such as surgery may be necessary.

A laryngoscope is a medical device used for direct visualization of the larynx and surrounding structures, such as the vocal cords. It consists of a handle attached to a blade that can be inserted into the mouth and throat to retract the tongue and epiglottis, providing a clear view of the laryngeal inlet. Laryngoscopes come in different sizes and shapes, and they are used during various medical procedures such as tracheal intubation, bronchoscopy, and examination of the upper aerodigestive tract. There are two main types of laryngoscopes: direct laryngoscopes and video laryngoscopes. Direct laryngoscopes provide a direct line of sight to the larynx, while video laryngoscopes use a camera at the end of the blade to transmit images to a screen, allowing for better visualization and easier intubation.

Anesthesiology is a medical specialty concerned with providing anesthesia, which is the loss of sensation or awareness, to patients undergoing surgical, diagnostic, or therapeutic procedures. Anesthesiologists are responsible for administering various types of anesthetics, monitoring the patient's vital signs during the procedure, and managing any complications that may arise. They also play a critical role in pain management before, during, and after surgery, as well as in the treatment of chronic pain conditions.

Anesthesiologists work closely with other medical professionals, including surgeons, anesthetists, nurses, and respiratory therapists, to ensure that patients receive the best possible care. They must have a thorough understanding of human physiology, pharmacology, and anatomy, as well as excellent communication skills and the ability to make quick decisions under high pressure.

The primary goal of anesthesiology is to provide safe and effective anesthesia that minimizes pain and discomfort while maximizing patient safety and comfort. This requires a deep understanding of the risks and benefits associated with different types of anesthetics, as well as the ability to tailor the anesthetic plan to each individual patient's needs and medical history.

In summary, anesthesiology is a critical medical specialty focused on providing safe and effective anesthesia and pain management for patients undergoing surgical or other medical procedures.

Fiber optic technology in the medical context refers to the use of thin, flexible strands of glass or plastic fibers that are designed to transmit light and images along their length. These fibers are used to create bundles, known as fiber optic cables, which can be used for various medical applications such as:

1. Illumination: Fiber optics can be used to deliver light to hard-to-reach areas during surgical procedures or diagnostic examinations.
2. Imaging: Fiber optics can transmit images from inside the body, enabling doctors to visualize internal structures and tissues. This is commonly used in medical imaging techniques such as endoscopy, colonoscopy, and laparoscopy.
3. Sensing: Fiber optic sensors can be used to measure various physiological parameters such as temperature, pressure, and strain within the body. These sensors can provide real-time data during surgical procedures or for monitoring patients' health status.

Fiber optic technology offers several advantages over traditional medical imaging techniques, including high resolution, flexibility, small diameter, and the ability to bend around corners without significant loss of image quality. Additionally, fiber optics are non-magnetic and can be used in MRI environments without causing interference.

A manikin is commonly referred to as a full-size model of the human body used for training in various medical and healthcare fields. Medical manikins are often made from materials that simulate human skin and tissues, allowing for realistic practice in procedures such as physical examinations, resuscitation, and surgical techniques.

These manikins can be highly advanced, with built-in mechanisms to simulate physiological responses, such as breathing, heartbeats, and pupil dilation. They may also have interchangeable parts, allowing for the simulation of various medical conditions and scenarios. Medical manikins are essential tools in healthcare education, enabling learners to develop their skills and confidence in a controlled, safe environment before working with real patients.

Disposable equipment in a medical context refers to items that are designed to be used once and then discarded. These items are often patient-care products that come into contact with patients or bodily fluids, and are meant to help reduce the risk of infection transmission. Examples of disposable medical equipment include gloves, gowns, face masks, syringes, and bandages.

Disposable equipment is intended for single use only and should not be reused or cleaned for reuse. This helps ensure that the equipment remains sterile and free from potential contaminants that could cause harm to patients or healthcare workers. Proper disposal of these items is also important to prevent the spread of infection and maintain a safe and clean environment.

A tracheotomy is a surgical procedure that involves creating an opening in the neck and through the front (anterior) wall of the trachea (windpipe). This is performed to provide a new airway for the patient, bypassing any obstruction or damage in the upper airways. A tube is then inserted into this opening to maintain it and allow breathing.

This procedure is often conducted in emergency situations when there is an upper airway obstruction that cannot be easily removed or in critically ill patients who require long-term ventilation support. Complications can include infection, bleeding, damage to surrounding structures, and difficulties with speaking, swallowing, or coughing.

The cricoid cartilage is a ring-like piece of cartilage that forms the lower part of the larynx, or voice box. It is located in the front portion of the neck, and lies just below the thyroid cartilage, which is the largest cartilage in the larynx and forms the Adam's apple.

The cricoid cartilage serves as a attachment site for several important structures in the neck, including the vocal cords and the trachea (windpipe). It plays an important role in protecting the airway during swallowing by providing a stable platform against which the food pipe (esophagus) can open and close.

In medical procedures such as rapid sequence intubation, the cricoid cartilage may be pressed downward to compress the esophagus and help prevent stomach contents from entering the airway during intubation. This maneuver is known as the "cricoid pressure" or "Sellick's maneuver."

Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is a system that provides immediate and urgent medical care, transportation, and treatment to patients who are experiencing an acute illness or injury that poses an immediate threat to their health, safety, or life. EMS is typically composed of trained professionals, such as emergency medical technicians (EMTs), paramedics, and first responders, who work together to assess a patient's condition, administer appropriate medical interventions, and transport the patient to a hospital or other medical facility for further treatment.

The goal of EMS is to quickly and effectively stabilize patients in emergency situations, prevent further injury or illness, and ensure that they receive timely and appropriate medical care. This may involve providing basic life support (BLS) measures such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), controlling bleeding, and managing airway obstructions, as well as more advanced interventions such as administering medications, establishing intravenous lines, and performing emergency procedures like intubation or defibrillation.

EMS systems are typically organized and managed at the local or regional level, with coordination and oversight provided by public health agencies, hospitals, and other healthcare organizations. EMS providers may work for private companies, non-profit organizations, or government agencies, and they may be dispatched to emergencies via 911 or other emergency response systems.

In summary, Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is a critical component of the healthcare system that provides urgent medical care and transportation to patients who are experiencing acute illnesses or injuries. EMS professionals work together to quickly assess, stabilize, and transport patients to appropriate medical facilities for further treatment.

Intubation is a medical procedure in which a flexible plastic tube called an endotracheal tube (ETT) is inserted into the patient's windpipe (trachea) through the mouth or nose. This procedure is performed to maintain an open airway and ensure adequate ventilation and oxygenation of the lungs during surgery, critical illness, or trauma.

The ETT is connected to a breathing circuit and a ventilator, which delivers breaths and removes carbon dioxide from the lungs. Intubation allows healthcare professionals to manage the patient's airway, control their breathing, and administer anesthesia during surgical procedures. It is typically performed by trained medical personnel such as anesthesiologists, emergency medicine physicians, or critical care specialists.

There are two main types of intubation: oral and nasal. Oral intubation involves inserting the ETT through the patient's mouth, while nasal intubation involves passing the tube through the nostril and into the trachea. The choice of technique depends on various factors, including the patient's medical condition, anatomy, and the reason for intubation.

General anesthesia is a state of controlled unconsciousness, induced by administering various medications, that eliminates awareness, movement, and pain sensation during medical procedures. It involves the use of a combination of intravenous and inhaled drugs to produce a reversible loss of consciousness, allowing patients to undergo surgical or diagnostic interventions safely and comfortably. The depth and duration of anesthesia are carefully monitored and adjusted throughout the procedure by an anesthesiologist or certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA) to ensure patient safety and optimize recovery. General anesthesia is typically used for more extensive surgical procedures, such as open-heart surgery, major orthopedic surgeries, and neurosurgery.

Airway remodeling is a term used to describe the structural changes that occur in the airways as a result of chronic inflammation in respiratory diseases such as asthma. These changes include thickening of the airway wall, increased smooth muscle mass, and abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix components. These alterations can lead to narrowing of the airways, decreased lung function, and increased severity of symptoms. Airway remodeling is thought to be a major contributor to the persistent airflow obstruction that is characteristic of severe asthma.

Airway resistance is a measure of the opposition to airflow during breathing, which is caused by the friction between the air and the walls of the respiratory tract. It is an important parameter in respiratory physiology because it can affect the work of breathing and gas exchange.

Airway resistance is usually expressed in units of cm H2O/L/s or Pa·s/m, and it can be measured during spontaneous breathing or during forced expiratory maneuvers, such as those used in pulmonary function testing. Increased airway resistance can result from a variety of conditions, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchitis, and bronchiectasis. Decreased airway resistance can be seen in conditions such as emphysema or after a successful bronchodilator treatment.

Pierre Robin Syndrome is a congenital condition characterized by a set of distinctive features including:

1. Micrognathia: This is the term for an abnormally small lower jaw (mandible). In Pierre Robin Syndrome, this feature is present at birth and can lead to breathing difficulties due to the tongue falling back and obstructing the airway.

2. Glossoptosis: This refers to the displacement of the tongue towards the back of the mouth. Because of the small jaw, the tongue has limited space and tends to fall back and block the airway, especially during sleep.

3. Cleft Palate: A cleft palate is a birth defect where there is an opening in the roof of the mouth (palate). This occurs because the two sides of the palate do not fuse together properly during fetal development.

The syndrome can vary in severity among individuals, and some may also have other associated conditions such as hearing problems, heart defects, or learning disabilities. The exact cause of Pierre Robin Syndrome is unknown, but it's often associated with genetic syndromes like Stickler syndrome and velocardiofacial syndrome. Treatment typically involves addressing the airway issues first, often through positioning, prone sleeping, or in severe cases, a surgical procedure to bring the jaw forward (distraction osteogenesis). The cleft palate is usually repaired with surgery within the first year of life.

A tracheostomy is a surgically created opening through the neck into the trachea (windpipe). It is performed to provide an airway in cases where the upper airway is obstructed or access to the lower airway is required, such as in prolonged intubation, severe trauma, or chronic lung diseases. The procedure involves making an incision in the front of the neck and creating a direct opening into the trachea, through which a tracheostomy tube is inserted to maintain the patency of the airway. This allows for direct ventilation of the lungs, suctioning of secretions, and prevention of complications associated with upper airway obstruction.

An emergency is a sudden, unexpected situation that requires immediate medical attention to prevent serious harm, permanent disability, or death. Emergencies can include severe injuries, trauma, cardiac arrest, stroke, difficulty breathing, severe allergic reactions, and other life-threatening conditions. In such situations, prompt medical intervention is necessary to stabilize the patient's condition, diagnose the underlying problem, and provide appropriate treatment.

Emergency medical services (EMS) are responsible for providing emergency care to patients outside of a hospital setting, such as in the home, workplace, or public place. EMS personnel include emergency medical technicians (EMTs), paramedics, and other first responders who are trained to assess a patient's condition, provide basic life support, and transport the patient to a hospital for further treatment.

In a hospital setting, an emergency department (ED) is a specialized unit that provides immediate care to patients with acute illnesses or injuries. ED staff includes physicians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals who are trained to handle a wide range of medical emergencies. The ED is equipped with advanced medical technology and resources to provide prompt diagnosis and treatment for critically ill or injured patients.

Overall, the goal of emergency medical care is to stabilize the patient's condition, prevent further harm, and provide timely and effective treatment to improve outcomes and save lives.

Emergency medicine is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of acute illnesses or injuries that require immediate medical attention. This can include conditions such as severe trauma, cardiac arrest, stroke, respiratory distress, and other life-threatening situations. Emergency medicine physicians, also known as emergency doctors or ER doctors, are trained to provide rapid assessment, diagnosis, and treatment in a fast-paced and often unpredictable environment. They work closely with other healthcare professionals, such as nurses, paramedics, and specialists, to ensure that patients receive the best possible care in a timely manner. Emergency medicine is a critical component of the healthcare system, providing essential services for patients who require immediate medical attention, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

An air ambulance is a specially equipped aircraft that transports patients to medical facilities, often in situations requiring emergency medical care and rapid transport. These aircraft are staffed with trained medical professionals, such as paramedics or nurses, and are equipped with medical equipment and supplies necessary to provide critical care during transportation.

Air ambulances can be helicopters or fixed-wing airplanes, depending on the distance of the transport and the medical needs of the patient. Helicopter air ambulances are often used for short-distance transports, such as from an accident scene to a nearby hospital, while fixed-wing airplanes are typically used for longer distances, such as between hospitals in different cities or states.

Air ambulances provide a critical service in emergency situations and can help ensure that patients receive timely and appropriate medical care. They may be called upon in a variety of circumstances, including trauma cases, cardiac emergencies, stroke, and other serious medical conditions.

Artificial respiration is an emergency procedure that can be used to provide oxygen to a person who is not breathing or is breathing inadequately. It involves manually forcing air into the lungs, either by compressing the chest or using a device to deliver breaths. The goal of artificial respiration is to maintain adequate oxygenation of the body's tissues and organs until the person can breathe on their own or until advanced medical care arrives. Artificial respiration may be used in conjunction with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in cases of cardiac arrest.

I cannot provide a medical definition for "equipment reuse" as it is not a term that is commonly used in the medical field. However, I can give you some general information about equipment reuse in healthcare settings.

Equipment reuse refers to the practice of using previously owned or disposable medical equipment and supplies multiple times after they have been sterilized or disinfected according to established protocols. This practice is often adopted by healthcare facilities as a way to reduce costs, conserve resources, and minimize waste.

Examples of medical equipment that may be reused include anesthesia breathing circuits, blood pressure cuffs, stethoscopes, and electronic thermometers. It's important to note that any reprocessed or reused medical equipment must undergo strict cleaning, disinfection, and sterilization procedures to ensure the safety of patients and healthcare workers.

Reusing medical equipment can have benefits such as reducing costs and waste, but it also carries risks if not done properly. Proper training and adherence to established protocols are crucial to ensuring that reused equipment is safe for use.

The epiglottis is a flap-like structure located at the base of the tongue, near the back of the throat (pharynx). It is made of elastic cartilage and covered with mucous membrane. The primary function of the epiglottis is to protect the trachea (windpipe) from food or liquids entering it during swallowing.

During normal swallowing, the epiglottis closes over the opening of the larynx (voice box), redirecting the food or liquid bolus into the esophagus. In this way, the epiglottis prevents aspiration, which is the entry of foreign materials into the trachea and lungs.

Inflammation or infection of the epiglottis can lead to a serious medical condition called epiglottitis, characterized by swelling, redness, and pain in the epiglottis and surrounding tissues. Epiglottitis can cause difficulty breathing, speaking, and swallowing, and requires immediate medical attention.

Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a condition in which the stomach contents, particularly acid, flow backward from the stomach into the larynx (voice box) and pharynx (throat). This is also known as extraesophageal reflux disease (EERD) or supraesophageal reflux disease (SERD). Unlike gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), where acid reflux causes symptoms such as heartburn and regurgitation, LPR may not cause classic reflux symptoms, but rather symptoms related to the upper aerodigestive tract. These can include hoarseness, throat clearing, cough, difficulty swallowing, and a sensation of a lump in the throat.

Laryngeal diseases refer to conditions that affect the structure and function of the larynx, also known as the voice box. The larynx is a complex structure composed of cartilages, muscles, membranes, and mucous glands that play essential roles in breathing, swallowing, and vocalization.

Laryngeal diseases can be categorized into several types based on their causes and manifestations. Some common laryngeal diseases include:

1. Laryngitis: Inflammation of the larynx that can cause hoarseness, throat pain, coughing, and difficulty swallowing. Acute laryngitis is often caused by viral infections or irritants, while chronic laryngitis may result from prolonged exposure to smoke, chemicals, or acid reflux.
2. Vocal cord lesions: Abnormal growths on the vocal cords, such as polyps, nodules, or cysts, that can affect voice quality and cause hoarseness, breathiness, or pain. These lesions are often caused by overuse, misuse, or trauma to the vocal cords.
3. Laryngeal cancer: Malignant tumors that develop in the larynx and can invade surrounding structures, such as the throat, neck, and chest. Laryngeal cancer is often associated with smoking, alcohol consumption, and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
4. Laryngeal stenosis: Narrowing of the airway due to scarring or thickening of the tissues in the larynx. This condition can cause difficulty breathing, wheezing, and coughing, especially during physical activity or sleep.
5. Reinke's edema: Swelling of the vocal cords caused by fluid accumulation in the mucous membrane that covers them. Reinke's edema is often associated with smoking and can cause hoarseness, low voice, and difficulty projecting the voice.
6. Laryngeal papillomatosis: A rare condition characterized by the growth of benign tumors (papillomas) in the larynx, usually caused by HPV infection. These tumors can recur and may require repeated surgeries to remove them.
7. Vocal cord paralysis: Inability of one or both vocal cords to move due to nerve damage or other medical conditions. This condition can cause hoarseness, breathiness, and difficulty speaking or swallowing.

These are some of the common laryngeal disorders that can affect a person's voice, breathing, and swallowing functions. Proper diagnosis and treatment by an otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat specialist) are essential to manage these conditions effectively and prevent complications.

A bronchoscope is a medical device that is used to examine the airways and lungs. It is a long, thin, flexible tube that is equipped with a light and a camera at its tip. The bronchoscope is inserted through the nose or mouth and down the throat, allowing the doctor to visualize the trachea, bronchi, and smaller branches of the airway system.

Bronchoscopes can be used for diagnostic purposes, such as to take tissue samples (biopsies) or to investigate the cause of symptoms like coughing up blood or difficulty breathing. They can also be used for therapeutic purposes, such as to remove foreign objects from the airways or to place stents to keep them open.

There are several types of bronchoscopes, including flexible bronchoscopes and rigid bronchoscopes. Flexible bronchoscopes are more commonly used because they are less invasive and can be used to examine smaller airways. Rigid bronchoscopes, on the other hand, are larger and stiffer, and are typically used for more complex procedures or in emergency situations.

It is important to note that the use of bronchoscopes requires specialized training and should only be performed by healthcare professionals with the appropriate expertise.

Equipment design, in the medical context, refers to the process of creating and developing medical equipment and devices, such as surgical instruments, diagnostic machines, or assistive technologies. This process involves several stages, including:

1. Identifying user needs and requirements
2. Concept development and brainstorming
3. Prototyping and testing
4. Design for manufacturing and assembly
5. Safety and regulatory compliance
6. Verification and validation
7. Training and support

The goal of equipment design is to create safe, effective, and efficient medical devices that meet the needs of healthcare providers and patients while complying with relevant regulations and standards. The design process typically involves a multidisciplinary team of engineers, clinicians, designers, and researchers who work together to develop innovative solutions that improve patient care and outcomes.

Clinical competence is the ability of a healthcare professional to provide safe and effective patient care, demonstrating the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for the job. It involves the integration of theoretical knowledge with practical skills, judgment, and decision-making abilities in real-world clinical situations. Clinical competence is typically evaluated through various methods such as direct observation, case studies, simulations, and feedback from peers and supervisors.

A clinically competent healthcare professional should be able to:

1. Demonstrate a solid understanding of the relevant medical knowledge and its application in clinical practice.
2. Perform essential clinical skills proficiently and safely.
3. Communicate effectively with patients, families, and other healthcare professionals.
4. Make informed decisions based on critical thinking and problem-solving abilities.
5. Exhibit professionalism, ethical behavior, and cultural sensitivity in patient care.
6. Continuously evaluate and improve their performance through self-reflection and ongoing learning.

Maintaining clinical competence is essential for healthcare professionals to ensure the best possible outcomes for their patients and stay current with advances in medical science and technology.

The glottis is a medical term that refers to the opening between the vocal cords (the ligaments in the larynx that produce sound when air passes through them during speech) in the human throat or larynx. It is an important structure for breathing, swallowing, and producing sounds or speech. The glottis opens during inhalation to allow air into the lungs and closes during swallowing to prevent food or liquids from entering the trachea (windpipe) and lungs.

Neck injuries refer to damages or traumas that occur in any part of the neck, including soft tissues (muscles, ligaments, tendons), nerves, bones (vertebrae), and joints (facet joints, intervertebral discs). These injuries can result from various incidents such as road accidents, falls, sports-related activities, or work-related tasks. Common neck injuries include whiplash, strain or sprain of the neck muscles, herniated discs, fractured vertebrae, and pinched nerves, which may cause symptoms like pain, stiffness, numbness, tingling, or weakness in the neck, shoulders, arms, or hands. Immediate medical attention is necessary for proper diagnosis and treatment to prevent further complications and ensure optimal recovery.

In medical terms, suction refers to the process of creating and maintaining a partial vacuum in order to remove fluids or gases from a body cavity or wound. This is typically accomplished using specialized medical equipment such as a suction machine, which uses a pump to create the vacuum, and a variety of different suction tips or catheters that can be inserted into the area being treated.

Suction is used in a wide range of medical procedures and treatments, including wound care, surgical procedures, respiratory therapy, and diagnostic tests. It can help to remove excess fluids such as blood or pus from a wound, clear secretions from the airways during mechanical ventilation, or provide a means of visualizing internal structures during endoscopic procedures.

It is important to use proper technique when performing suctioning, as excessive or improperly applied suction can cause tissue damage or bleeding. Medical professionals are trained in the safe and effective use of suction equipment and techniques to minimize risks and ensure optimal patient outcomes.

Anesthesia is a medical term that refers to the loss of sensation or awareness, usually induced by the administration of various drugs. It is commonly used during surgical procedures to prevent pain and discomfort. There are several types of anesthesia, including:

1. General anesthesia: This type of anesthesia causes a complete loss of consciousness and is typically used for major surgeries.
2. Regional anesthesia: This type of anesthesia numbs a specific area of the body, such as an arm or leg, while the patient remains conscious.
3. Local anesthesia: This type of anesthesia numbs a small area of the body, such as a cut or wound, and is typically used for minor procedures.

Anesthesia can be administered through various routes, including injection, inhalation, or topical application. The choice of anesthesia depends on several factors, including the type and duration of the procedure, the patient's medical history, and their overall health. Anesthesiologists are medical professionals who specialize in administering anesthesia and monitoring patients during surgical procedures to ensure their safety and comfort.

The larynx, also known as the voice box, is a complex structure in the neck that plays a crucial role in protection of the lower respiratory tract and in phonation. It is composed of cartilaginous, muscular, and soft tissue structures. The primary functions of the larynx include:

1. Airway protection: During swallowing, the larynx moves upward and forward to close the opening of the trachea (the glottis) and prevent food or liquids from entering the lungs. This action is known as the swallowing reflex.
2. Phonation: The vocal cords within the larynx vibrate when air passes through them, producing sound that forms the basis of human speech and voice production.
3. Respiration: The larynx serves as a conduit for airflow between the upper and lower respiratory tracts during breathing.

The larynx is located at the level of the C3-C6 vertebrae in the neck, just above the trachea. It consists of several important structures:

1. Cartilages: The laryngeal cartilages include the thyroid, cricoid, and arytenoid cartilages, as well as the corniculate and cuneiform cartilages. These form a framework for the larynx and provide attachment points for various muscles.
2. Vocal cords: The vocal cords are thin bands of mucous membrane that stretch across the glottis (the opening between the arytenoid cartilages). They vibrate when air passes through them, producing sound.
3. Muscles: There are several intrinsic and extrinsic muscles associated with the larynx. The intrinsic muscles control the tension and position of the vocal cords, while the extrinsic muscles adjust the position and movement of the larynx within the neck.
4. Nerves: The larynx is innervated by both sensory and motor nerves. The recurrent laryngeal nerve provides motor innervation to all intrinsic laryngeal muscles, except for one muscle called the cricothyroid, which is innervated by the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve. Sensory innervation is provided by the internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve and the recurrent laryngeal nerve.

The larynx plays a crucial role in several essential functions, including breathing, speaking, and protecting the airway during swallowing. Dysfunction or damage to the larynx can result in various symptoms, such as hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, or stridor (a high-pitched sound heard during inspiration).

Immobilization is a medical term that refers to the restriction of normal mobility or motion of a body part, usually to promote healing and prevent further injury. This is often achieved through the use of devices such as casts, splints, braces, slings, or traction. The goal of immobilization is to keep the injured area in a fixed position so that it can heal properly without additional damage. It may be used for various medical conditions, including fractures, dislocations, sprains, strains, and soft tissue injuries. Immobilization helps reduce pain, minimize swelling, and protect the injured site from movement that could worsen the injury or impair healing.

Aerospace medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with the health and safety of pilots, astronauts, and passengers during space travel or aircraft flight. It involves studying the effects of various factors such as altitude, weightlessness, radiation, noise, vibration, and temperature extremes on the human body, and developing measures to prevent or mitigate any adverse effects.

Aerospace medicine also encompasses the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions that occur during space travel or aircraft flight, as well as the development of medical standards and guidelines for pilot and astronaut selection, training, and fitness for duty. Additionally, it includes research into the physiological and psychological challenges of long-duration space missions and the development of countermeasures to maintain crew health and performance during such missions.

Tracheal stenosis is a medical condition characterized by the abnormal narrowing of the trachea (windpipe), which can lead to difficulty breathing. This narrowing can be caused by various factors such as inflammation, scarring, or the growth of abnormal tissue in the airway. Symptoms may include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest discomfort, particularly during physical activity. Treatment options for tracheal stenosis depend on the severity and underlying cause of the condition and may include medications, bronchodilators, corticosteroids, or surgical interventions such as laser surgery, stent placement, or tracheal reconstruction.

Respiratory aspiration is defined as the entry of foreign materials (such as food, liquids, or vomit) into the lower respiratory tract during swallowing, which includes the trachea and lungs. This can lead to respiratory complications such as pneumonia, bronchitis, or lung abscesses. Aspiration can occur in individuals with impaired swallowing function due to various conditions like neurological disorders, stroke, or anesthesia.

Inhalational anesthesia is a type of general anesthesia that is induced by the inhalation of gases or vapors. It is administered through a breathing system, which delivers the anesthetic agents to the patient via a face mask, laryngeal mask airway, or endotracheal tube.

The most commonly used inhalational anesthetics include nitrous oxide, sevoflurane, isoflurane, and desflurane. These agents work by depressing the central nervous system, causing a reversible loss of consciousness, amnesia, analgesia, and muscle relaxation.

The depth of anesthesia can be easily adjusted during the procedure by changing the concentration of the anesthetic agent. Once the procedure is complete, the anesthetic agents are eliminated from the body through exhalation, allowing for a rapid recovery.

Inhalational anesthesia is commonly used in a wide range of surgical procedures due to its ease of administration, quick onset and offset of action, and ability to rapidly adjust the depth of anesthesia. However, it requires careful monitoring and management by trained anesthesia providers to ensure patient safety and optimize outcomes.

Respiratory therapy is a healthcare profession that specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of respiratory disorders and diseases. Respiratory therapists (RTs) work under the direction of physicians to provide care for patients with conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, cystic fibrosis, sleep apnea, and neuromuscular diseases that affect breathing.

RTs use a variety of techniques and treatments to help patients breathe more easily, including oxygen therapy, aerosol medication delivery, chest physiotherapy, mechanical ventilation, and patient education. They also perform diagnostic tests such as pulmonary function studies to assess lung function and help diagnose respiratory conditions.

RTs work in a variety of healthcare settings, including hospitals, clinics, long-term care facilities, and home health agencies. They may provide care for patients of all ages, from premature infants to the elderly. The overall goal of respiratory therapy is to help patients achieve and maintain optimal lung function and quality of life.

Life support care, also known as artificial life support or mechanical ventilation, refers to medical interventions that are used to maintain and sustain the essential body functions of a patient who is unable to do so independently. These interventions can include mechanical ventilation to assist with breathing, hemodialysis to filter waste from the blood, intravenous (IV) fluids and medications to maintain circulation, and various other treatments to support organ function.

The goal of life support care is to keep a patient alive while treating their underlying medical condition, allowing time for the body to heal or providing comfort at the end of life. The use of life support can be temporary or long-term, depending on the patient's prognosis and the severity of their illness or injury.

It is important to note that decisions regarding the initiation, continuation, or withdrawal of life support care are complex and multifaceted, often requiring input from medical professionals, patients, and their families. Ethical considerations and advance directives, such as living wills and healthcare proxies, may also play a role in these decisions.

Succinylcholine is a neuromuscular blocking agent, a type of muscle relaxant used in anesthesia during surgical procedures. It works by inhibiting the transmission of nerve impulses at the neuromuscular junction, leading to temporary paralysis of skeletal muscles. This facilitates endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation during surgery. Succinylcholine has a rapid onset of action and is metabolized quickly, making it useful for short surgical procedures. However, its use may be associated with certain adverse effects, such as increased heart rate, muscle fasciculations, and potentially life-threatening hyperkalemia in susceptible individuals.

Disease management is a proactive, planned approach to identify and manage patients with chronic medical conditions. It involves a systematic and coordinated method of delivering care to patients with the goal of improving clinical outcomes, enhancing quality of life, and reducing healthcare costs. This approach typically includes elements such as evidence-based care guidelines, patient education, self-management support, regular monitoring and follow-up, and collaboration between healthcare providers and specialists.

The objective of disease management is to improve the overall health and well-being of patients with chronic conditions by providing them with the necessary tools, resources, and support to effectively manage their condition and prevent complications. By implementing a comprehensive and coordinated approach to care, disease management can help reduce hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and other costly healthcare services while improving patient satisfaction and overall health outcomes.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "gravitation" is not a term that is typically used in the context of medical definitions. Gravitation is a fundamental force that attracts two objects with mass towards each other. It is the force that causes objects to fall towards the earth and keeps the planets in orbit around the sun.

In the field of medicine, the concepts of gravity or gravitational forces are not directly relevant to the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. However, there may be some indirect applications related to physiology and human health, such as the effects of microgravity on the human body during space travel.

Brain hypoxia is a medical condition characterized by a reduced supply of oxygen to the brain. The brain requires a continuous supply of oxygen to function properly, and even a brief period of hypoxia can cause significant damage to brain cells.

Hypoxia can result from various conditions, such as cardiac arrest, respiratory failure, carbon monoxide poisoning, or high altitude exposure. When the brain is deprived of oxygen, it can lead to a range of symptoms, including confusion, disorientation, seizures, loss of consciousness, and ultimately, brain death.

Brain hypoxia is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment to prevent long-term neurological damage or death. Treatment typically involves addressing the underlying cause of hypoxia, such as administering oxygen therapy, resuscitating the heart, or treating respiratory failure. In some cases, more invasive treatments, such as therapeutic hypothermia or mechanical ventilation, may be necessary to prevent further brain damage.

I apologize, but "video recording" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It generally refers to the process of capturing and storing moving visual images on electronic media, which is used in various medical fields for different purposes such as surgical training, telemedicine consultations, or monitoring patient conditions. However, there is no unique medical meaning associated with this term.

Intraoperative complications refer to any unforeseen problems or events that occur during the course of a surgical procedure, once it has begun and before it is completed. These complications can range from minor issues, such as bleeding or an adverse reaction to anesthesia, to major complications that can significantly impact the patient's health and prognosis.

Examples of intraoperative complications include:

1. Bleeding (hemorrhage) - This can occur due to various reasons such as injury to blood vessels or organs during surgery.
2. Infection - Surgical site infections can develop if the surgical area becomes contaminated during the procedure.
3. Anesthesia-related complications - These include adverse reactions to anesthesia, difficulty maintaining the patient's airway, or cardiovascular instability.
4. Organ injury - Accidental damage to surrounding organs can occur during surgery, leading to potential long-term consequences.
5. Equipment failure - Malfunctioning surgical equipment can lead to complications and compromise the safety of the procedure.
6. Allergic reactions - Patients may have allergies to certain medications or materials used during surgery, causing an adverse reaction.
7. Prolonged operative time - Complications may arise if a surgical procedure takes longer than expected, leading to increased risk of infection and other issues.

Intraoperative complications require prompt identification and management by the surgical team to minimize their impact on the patient's health and recovery.

"Bronchi" are a pair of airways in the respiratory system that branch off from the trachea (windpipe) and lead to the lungs. They are responsible for delivering oxygen-rich air to the lungs and removing carbon dioxide during exhalation. The right bronchus is slightly larger and more vertical than the left, and they further divide into smaller branches called bronchioles within the lungs. Any abnormalities or diseases affecting the bronchi can impact lung function and overall respiratory health.

Critical care, also known as intensive care, is a medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions that require close monitoring and organ support. Critical care medicine is practiced in critical care units (ICUs) or intensive care units of hospitals. The goal of critical care is to prevent further deterioration of the patient's condition, to support failing organs, and to treat any underlying conditions that may have caused the patient to become critically ill.

Critical care involves a multidisciplinary team approach, including intensivists (specialist doctors trained in critical care), nurses, respiratory therapists, pharmacists, and other healthcare professionals. The care provided in the ICU is highly specialized and often involves advanced medical technology such as mechanical ventilation, dialysis, and continuous renal replacement therapy.

Patients who require critical care may have a wide range of conditions, including severe infections, respiratory failure, cardiovascular instability, neurological emergencies, and multi-organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Critical care is an essential component of modern healthcare and has significantly improved the outcomes of critically ill patients.

High-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) is a type of mechanical ventilation that delivers breaths at a frequency greater than 100 times per minute, typically in the range of 240-360 breaths per minute. It uses a high-pressure jet of gas to deliver small tidal volumes (usually less than 2 ml/kg of ideal body weight) into the airway.

The jet ventilation is often combined with a low-level positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) to maintain some lung volume and prevent atelectasis during exhalation. HFJV can be used in both invasive and noninvasive modes, depending on the patient's condition and requirements.

This mode of ventilation is particularly useful in patients with severe respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), bronchopleural fistula, or air leaks from lung injury, as it minimizes gas flow and reduces the risk of air leakage while still maintaining adequate oxygenation and carbon dioxide elimination. However, HFJV requires careful monitoring and expertise to ensure proper settings and avoid complications such as barotrauma, hemodynamic instability, or inadequate ventilation.

A medical audit is a systematic review and evaluation of the quality of medical care against established standards to see if it is being delivered efficiently, effectively, and equitably. It is a quality improvement process that aims to improve patient care and outcomes by identifying gaps between actual and desired practice, and implementing changes to close those gaps. Medical audits can focus on various aspects of healthcare delivery, including diagnosis, treatment, medication use, and follow-up care. The ultimate goal of medical audits is to ensure that patients receive the best possible care based on current evidence and best practices.

The Respiratory System is a complex network of organs and tissues that work together to facilitate the process of breathing, which involves the intake of oxygen and the elimination of carbon dioxide. This system primarily includes the nose, throat (pharynx), voice box (larynx), windpipe (trachea), bronchi, bronchioles, lungs, and diaphragm.

The nostrils or mouth take in air that travels through the pharynx, larynx, and trachea into the lungs. Within the lungs, the trachea divides into two bronchi, one for each lung, which further divide into smaller tubes called bronchioles. At the end of these bronchioles are tiny air sacs known as alveoli where the exchange of gases occurs. Oxygen from the inhaled air diffuses through the walls of the alveoli into the bloodstream, while carbon dioxide, a waste product, moves from the blood to the alveoli and is exhaled out of the body.

The diaphragm, a large muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen, plays a crucial role in breathing by contracting and relaxing to change the volume of the chest cavity, thereby allowing air to flow in and out of the lungs. Overall, the Respiratory System is essential for maintaining life by providing the body's cells with the oxygen needed for metabolism and removing waste products like carbon dioxide.

In medical terms, the tongue is a muscular organ in the oral cavity that plays a crucial role in various functions such as taste, swallowing, and speech. It's covered with a mucous membrane and contains papillae, which are tiny projections that contain taste buds to help us perceive different tastes - sweet, salty, sour, and bitter. The tongue also assists in the initial process of digestion by moving food around in the mouth for chewing and mixing with saliva. Additionally, it helps in forming words and speaking clearly by shaping the sounds produced in the mouth.

Patient positioning in a medical context refers to the arrangement and placement of a patient's body in a specific posture or alignment on a hospital bed, examination table, or other medical device during medical procedures, surgeries, or diagnostic imaging examinations. The purpose of patient positioning is to optimize the patient's comfort, ensure their safety, facilitate access to the surgical site or area being examined, enhance the effectiveness of medical interventions, and improve the quality of medical images in diagnostic tests.

Proper patient positioning can help prevent complications such as pressure ulcers, nerve injuries, and respiratory difficulties. It may involve adjusting the height and angle of the bed, using pillows, blankets, or straps to support various parts of the body, and communicating with the patient to ensure they are comfortable and aware of what to expect during the procedure.

In surgical settings, patient positioning is carefully planned and executed by a team of healthcare professionals, including surgeons, anesthesiologists, nurses, and surgical technicians, to optimize surgical outcomes and minimize risks. In diagnostic imaging examinations, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs, patient positioning is critical for obtaining high-quality images that can aid in accurate diagnosis and treatment planning.

Prospective studies, also known as longitudinal studies, are a type of cohort study in which data is collected forward in time, following a group of individuals who share a common characteristic or exposure over a period of time. The researchers clearly define the study population and exposure of interest at the beginning of the study and follow up with the participants to determine the outcomes that develop over time. This type of study design allows for the investigation of causal relationships between exposures and outcomes, as well as the identification of risk factors and the estimation of disease incidence rates. Prospective studies are particularly useful in epidemiology and medical research when studying diseases with long latency periods or rare outcomes.

The cervical vertebrae are the seven vertebrae that make up the upper part of the spine, also known as the neck region. They are labeled C1 to C7, with C1 being closest to the skull and C7 connecting to the thoracic vertebrae in the chest region. The cervical vertebrae have unique structures to allow for a wide range of motion in the neck while also protecting the spinal cord and providing attachment points for muscles and ligaments.

Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) or bronchial hyperreactivity (BH) is a medical term that refers to the increased sensitivity and exaggerated response of the airways to various stimuli. In people with BHR, the airways narrow (constrict) more than usual in response to certain triggers such as allergens, cold air, exercise, or irritants like smoke or fumes. This narrowing can cause symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.

BHR is often associated with asthma and other respiratory conditions, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and bronchiectasis. It is typically diagnosed through a series of tests that measure the degree of airway narrowing in response to various stimuli. These tests may include spirometry, methacholine challenge test, or histamine challenge test.

BHR can be managed with medications such as bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory drugs, which help to relax the muscles around the airways and reduce inflammation. It is also important to avoid triggers that can exacerbate symptoms and make BHR worse.

Pharyngitis is the medical term for inflammation of the pharynx, which is the back portion of the throat. This condition is often characterized by symptoms such as sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and scratchiness in the throat. Pharyngitis can be caused by a variety of factors, including viral infections (such as the common cold), bacterial infections (such as strep throat), and irritants (such as smoke or chemical fumes). Treatment for pharyngitis depends on the underlying cause of the condition, but may include medications to relieve symptoms or antibiotics to treat a bacterial infection.

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. The airway obstruction in asthma is usually reversible, either spontaneously or with treatment.

The underlying cause of asthma involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors that result in hypersensitivity of the airways to certain triggers, such as allergens, irritants, viruses, exercise, and emotional stress. When these triggers are encountered, the airways constrict due to smooth muscle spasm, swell due to inflammation, and produce excess mucus, leading to the characteristic symptoms of asthma.

Asthma is typically managed with a combination of medications that include bronchodilators to relax the airway muscles, corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, and leukotriene modifiers or mast cell stabilizers to prevent allergic reactions. Avoiding triggers and monitoring symptoms are also important components of asthma management.

There are several types of asthma, including allergic asthma, non-allergic asthma, exercise-induced asthma, occupational asthma, and nocturnal asthma, each with its own set of triggers and treatment approaches. Proper diagnosis and management of asthma can help prevent exacerbations, improve quality of life, and reduce the risk of long-term complications.

Respiratory mucosa refers to the mucous membrane that lines the respiratory tract, including the nose, throat, bronchi, and lungs. It is a specialized type of tissue that is composed of epithelial cells, goblet cells, and glands that produce mucus, which helps to trap inhaled particles such as dust, allergens, and pathogens.

The respiratory mucosa also contains cilia, tiny hair-like structures that move rhythmically to help propel the mucus and trapped particles out of the airways and into the upper part of the throat, where they can be swallowed or coughed up. This defense mechanism is known as the mucociliary clearance system.

In addition to its role in protecting the respiratory tract from harmful substances, the respiratory mucosa also plays a crucial role in immune function by containing various types of immune cells that help to detect and respond to pathogens and other threats.

A wound is a type of injury that occurs when the skin or other tissues are cut, pierced, torn, or otherwise broken. Wounds can be caused by a variety of factors, including accidents, violence, surgery, or certain medical conditions. There are several different types of wounds, including:

* Incisions: These are cuts that are made deliberately, often during surgery. They are usually straight and clean.
* Lacerations: These are tears in the skin or other tissues. They can be irregular and jagged.
* Abrasions: These occur when the top layer of skin is scraped off. They may look like a bruise or a scab.
* Punctures: These are wounds that are caused by sharp objects, such as needles or knives. They are usually small and deep.
* Avulsions: These occur when tissue is forcibly torn away from the body. They can be very serious and require immediate medical attention.

Injuries refer to any harm or damage to the body, including wounds. Injuries can range from minor scrapes and bruises to more severe injuries such as fractures, dislocations, and head trauma. It is important to seek medical attention for any injury that is causing significant pain, swelling, or bleeding, or if there is a suspected bone fracture or head injury.

In general, wounds and injuries should be cleaned and covered with a sterile bandage to prevent infection. Depending on the severity of the wound or injury, additional medical treatment may be necessary. This may include stitches for deep cuts, immobilization for broken bones, or surgery for more serious injuries. It is important to follow your healthcare provider's instructions carefully to ensure proper healing and to prevent complications.

A lung is a pair of spongy, elastic organs in the chest that work together to enable breathing. They are responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide through the process of respiration. The left lung has two lobes, while the right lung has three lobes. The lungs are protected by the ribcage and are covered by a double-layered membrane called the pleura. The trachea divides into two bronchi, which further divide into smaller bronchioles, leading to millions of tiny air sacs called alveoli, where the exchange of gases occurs.

Treatment outcome is a term used to describe the result or effect of medical treatment on a patient's health status. It can be measured in various ways, such as through symptoms improvement, disease remission, reduced disability, improved quality of life, or survival rates. The treatment outcome helps healthcare providers evaluate the effectiveness of a particular treatment plan and make informed decisions about future care. It is also used in clinical research to compare the efficacy of different treatments and improve patient care.

In a medical context, documentation refers to the process of recording and maintaining written or electronic records of a patient's health status, medical history, treatment plans, medications, and other relevant information. The purpose of medical documentation is to provide clear and accurate communication among healthcare providers, to support clinical decision-making, to ensure continuity of care, to meet legal and regulatory requirements, and to facilitate research and quality improvement initiatives.

Medical documentation typically includes various types of records such as:

1. Patient's demographic information, including name, date of birth, gender, and contact details.
2. Medical history, including past illnesses, surgeries, allergies, and family medical history.
3. Physical examination findings, laboratory and diagnostic test results, and diagnoses.
4. Treatment plans, including medications, therapies, procedures, and follow-up care.
5. Progress notes, which document the patient's response to treatment and any changes in their condition over time.
6. Consultation notes, which record communication between healthcare providers regarding a patient's care.
7. Discharge summaries, which provide an overview of the patient's hospital stay, including diagnoses, treatments, and follow-up plans.

Medical documentation must be clear, concise, accurate, and timely, and it should adhere to legal and ethical standards. Healthcare providers are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of patients' medical records and ensuring that they are accessible only to authorized personnel.

Practice guidelines, also known as clinical practice guidelines, are systematically developed statements that aim to assist healthcare professionals and patients in making informed decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. They are based on a thorough evaluation of the available scientific evidence, consensus of expert opinion, and consideration of patient preferences. Practice guidelines can cover a wide range of topics, including diagnosis, management, prevention, and treatment options for various medical conditions. They are intended to improve the quality and consistency of care, reduce unnecessary variations in practice, and promote evidence-based medicine. However, they should not replace clinical judgment or individualized patient care.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "Great Britain" is not a medical concept or condition. It is a geographical and political term referring to the largest island in the British Isles, on which the majority of England, Scotland, and Wales are located. It's also used to refer to the political union of these three countries, which is called the United Kingdom. Therefore, it doesn't have a medical definition.

Case management is a collaborative process that involves the assessment, planning, facilitation, care coordination, evaluation, and advocacy for options and services to meet an individual's health needs through communication and available resources to promote patient safety, quality of care, and cost-effective outcomes. It is commonly used in healthcare settings such as hospitals, clinics, and long-term care facilities to ensure that patients receive appropriate and timely care while avoiding unnecessary duplication of services and managing costs.

The goal of case management is to help patients navigate the complex healthcare system, improve their health outcomes, and enhance their quality of life by coordinating all aspects of their care, including medical treatment, rehabilitation, social support, and community resources. Effective case management requires a team-based approach that involves the active participation of the patient, family members, healthcare providers, and other stakeholders in the decision-making process.

The specific duties and responsibilities of a case manager may vary depending on the setting and population served, but typically include:

1. Assessment: Conducting comprehensive assessments to identify the patient's medical, psychosocial, functional, and environmental needs.
2. Planning: Developing an individualized care plan that outlines the goals, interventions, and expected outcomes of the patient's care.
3. Facilitation: Coordinating and facilitating the delivery of services and resources to meet the patient's needs, including arranging for appointments, tests, procedures, and referrals to specialists or community agencies.
4. Care coordination: Ensuring that all members of the healthcare team are aware of the patient's care plan and providing ongoing communication and support to ensure continuity of care.
5. Evaluation: Monitoring the patient's progress towards their goals, adjusting the care plan as needed, and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions.
6. Advocacy: Advocating for the patient's rights and needs, including access to healthcare services, insurance coverage, and community resources.

Overall, case management is a critical component of high-quality healthcare that helps patients achieve their health goals while managing costs and improving their overall well-being.

Hypnotics and sedatives are classes of medications that have depressant effects on the central nervous system, leading to sedation (calming or inducing sleep), reduction in anxiety, and in some cases, decreased awareness or memory. These agents work by affecting the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) in the brain, which results in inhibitory effects on neuronal activity.

Hypnotics are primarily used for the treatment of insomnia and other sleep disorders, while sedatives are often prescribed to manage anxiety or to produce a calming effect before medical procedures. Some medications can function as both hypnotics and sedatives, depending on the dosage and specific formulation. Common examples of these medications include benzodiazepines (such as diazepam and lorazepam), non-benzodiazepine hypnotics (such as zolpidem and eszopiclone), barbiturates, and certain antihistamines.

It is essential to use these medications under the guidance of a healthcare professional, as they can have potential side effects, such as drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, and impaired coordination. Additionally, long-term use or high doses may lead to tolerance, dependence, and withdrawal symptoms upon discontinuation.

Patient care management is a coordinated, comprehensive approach to providing healthcare services to individuals with chronic or complex medical conditions. It involves the development and implementation of a plan of care that is tailored to the needs of the patient, with the goal of improving clinical outcomes, enhancing quality of life, and reducing healthcare costs.

Patient care management typically involves a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, social workers, pharmacists, and other specialists as needed. The team works together to assess the patient's medical, psychological, social, and functional needs, and develop a plan of care that addresses those needs in a holistic and coordinated manner.

The plan of care may include a range of services, such as:

* Regular monitoring and management of chronic conditions
* Medication management and education
* Coordination of specialist appointments and other healthcare services
* Education and support for self-management of health conditions
* Behavioral health interventions to address mental health or substance use disorders
* Assistance with accessing community resources, such as transportation or housing

The ultimate goal of patient care management is to help patients achieve their optimal level of health and well-being, while also ensuring that healthcare services are delivered in a cost-effective and efficient manner. By coordinating care across providers and settings, patient care management can help reduce unnecessary hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and other costly interventions, while improving the overall quality of care for patients with complex medical needs.

Bronchoconstriction is a medical term that refers to the narrowing of the airways in the lungs (the bronchi and bronchioles) due to the contraction of the smooth muscles surrounding them. This constriction can cause difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath, which are common symptoms of asthma and other respiratory conditions.

Bronchoconstriction can be triggered by a variety of factors, including allergens, irritants, cold air, exercise, and emotional stress. In some cases, it may also be caused by certain medications, such as beta-blockers or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Treatment for bronchoconstriction typically involves the use of bronchodilators, which are medications that help to relax the smooth muscles around the airways and widen them, making it easier to breathe.

In the field of medicine, "time factors" refer to the duration of symptoms or time elapsed since the onset of a medical condition, which can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Understanding time factors is crucial in determining the progression of a disease, evaluating the effectiveness of treatments, and making critical decisions regarding patient care.

For example, in stroke management, "time is brain," meaning that rapid intervention within a specific time frame (usually within 4.5 hours) is essential to administering tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a clot-busting drug that can minimize brain damage and improve patient outcomes. Similarly, in trauma care, the "golden hour" concept emphasizes the importance of providing definitive care within the first 60 minutes after injury to increase survival rates and reduce morbidity.

Time factors also play a role in monitoring the progression of chronic conditions like diabetes or heart disease, where regular follow-ups and assessments help determine appropriate treatment adjustments and prevent complications. In infectious diseases, time factors are crucial for initiating antibiotic therapy and identifying potential outbreaks to control their spread.

Overall, "time factors" encompass the significance of recognizing and acting promptly in various medical scenarios to optimize patient outcomes and provide effective care.

Internship: In medical terms, an internship is a supervised program of hospital-based training for physicians and surgeons who have recently graduated from medical school. The duration of an internship typically ranges from one to three years, during which the intern engages in a variety of clinical rotations in different departments such as internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, and neurology. The primary aim of an internship is to provide newly graduated doctors with hands-on experience in patient care, diagnosis, treatment planning, and communication skills under the close supervision of experienced physicians.

Residency: A residency is a structured and intensive postgraduate medical training program that typically lasts between three and seven years, depending on the specialty. Residents are licensed physicians who have completed their internship and are now receiving advanced training in a specific area of medicine or surgery. During this period, residents work closely with experienced attending physicians to gain comprehensive knowledge and skills in their chosen field. They are responsible for managing patient care, performing surgical procedures, interpreting diagnostic tests, conducting research, teaching medical students, and participating in continuing education activities. Residency programs aim to prepare physicians for independent practice and board certification in their specialty.

In contrast to basic airway management maneuvers such as head-tilt or jaw-thrust, advanced airway management relies on the use ... Airway management includes a set of maneuvers and medical procedures performed to prevent and relieve airway obstruction. This ... Basic airway management can be divided into treatment and prevention of an obstruction in the airway. [citation needed] ... Basic airway management involves maneuvers that do not require specialized medical equipment (in contrast to advanced airway ...
... are a set of medical procedures performed in order to prevent airway obstruction and thus ensuring an ... Contrary to advanced airway management, minimal-invasive techniques does not rely on the use of medical equipment and can be ... The Wikibook First Aid has a page on the topic of: Airway Management American Heart Association American Red Cross European ... Brimacombe J, Keller C, Künzel KH, Gaber O, Boehler M, Pühringer F (2000). "Cervical spine motion during airway management: a ...
Unlike basic airway management such as head tilt/chin lift or jaw-thrust maneuver, advanced airway management relies on the use ... Advanced airway management is the subset of airway management that involves advanced training, skill, and invasiveness. It ... The A in the ABC initialism mnemonic for dealing with critically ill patients stands for airway management. Many airways are ... Pharyngeal airway devices include nasopharyngeal airways (NPAs) and oropharyngeal airways (OPAs). These devices are the ...
Airway management Invasive airway management Thyrotomy List of surgeries by type Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bronchotomy" . ... Surgical airway management (bronchotomy or laryngotomy) is the medical procedure ensuring an open airway between a patient's ... Surgical methods for airway management rely on making a surgical incision below the glottis in order to achieve direct access ... Surgical airway management is also used when a person will need a mechanical ventilator for a longer period. The surgical ...
". "Titan Airways' management buyout completed , ATWOnline". Archived from the original on 18 July 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013 ... "Three A321 freighters join Titan Airways fleet - Titan Airways". "Three A321 freighters join Titan Airways fleet". Titan ... "UK's Titan Airways to add first A330 freighter". Ch-Aviation. 19 July 2021. "Titan Airways Fleet Details and History". www. ... As of May 2023, the Titan Airways fleet consists of the following aircraft: On February 26, 2020 a Titan Airways Airbus A321- ...
Airway management Volsko, TA (October 2013). "Airway clearance therapy: finding the evidence". Respiratory Care. 58 (10): 1669- ... Airway clearance therapy is treatment that uses a number of airway clearance techniques to clear the respiratory airways of ... They also give instruction in the use of various airway clearance techniques. Airway clearance therapy uses different airway ... Phase three Using huffing coughing, mucus is moved from the smaller airways to the larger airways, and huffing needs to be ...
Management of airways relies on both minimal-invasive and invasive techniques. Lower airway obstruction is mainly caused by ... Stridor Recurrent airway obstruction Aboussouan, L.S.; Stoller, J.K (15 March 1994). "Diagnosis and management of upper airway ... It can be broadly classified into being either in the upper airway (UPA) or lower airway (LOA). Airway obstruction is a life- ... Airway obstruction is a blockage of respiration in the airway that hinders the free flow of air. ...
Brain, AIJ (1983). "The laryngeal mask airway: a new concept in airway management". British Journal of Anaesthesia. 55 (8): 801 ... A new concept in airway management. Br. J. Anaeth, 55(8), 803 Joseph R. Brimacombe, Laryngeal Mask Airway: Principles and ... The laryngeal mask had now been widely accepted as a form of airway management. From 1988 to 2017, more than 200 million ... A laryngeal mask airway has an airway tube that connects to an elliptical mask with a cuff. The cuff can either be an inflating ...
BWIA West Indies Airways provided management assistance. In September 1963, the name was shortened to Guyana Airways. In May ... "Guyana Airways fleet". aerobernie.bplaced.net. Retrieved June 20, 2022. "Guyana Airways Fleet Details and History". ... Guyana Airways was the flag carrier of Guyana. It was an important link for the Guyanese community as it provided a way into ... The company was founded by Art J. Williams and Harry Wendt in 1939 as British Guiana Airways using Ireland flying boats. ...
... is incremental step-wise approach to the management of a massively contaminated airway. Emergency airway management is often ... However, traditional airway management education has not included the integration of a simultaneous suctioning and airway ... of SALAD versus conventional emergency airway management strategies in real patients. The sporadic incidence of massive airway ... "Suction Assisted Laryngoscopy and Airway Decontamination (SALAD): A technique for improved emergency airway management". ...
"Etihad Airways' Hogan to Lead Wider Group in Management Shake-Up". Bloomberg. 8 May 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2022. Iwerson, ... "ITA Airways sigla accordo code-share con Etihad Airways" [ITA Airways signs a code-share agreement with Etihad Airways]. ... Etihad Airways were the main sponsor for the 2015 Etihad Airways GAA World Games held in Abu Dhabi and the 2016 Etihad Airways ... "Etihad Airways posts fourth consecutive year of net profit". Etihad Airways. Retrieved 24 June 2015. "Etihad Airways reports ...
This makes airway management necessary, and an NPA is one of the available tools. The purpose of the flared end is to prevent ... The correct size airway is chosen by measuring the device on the patient: the device should reach from the patient's nostril to ... In medicine, a nasopharyngeal airway, also known as an NPA, nasal trumpet (because of its flared end), or nose hose, is a type ... An NPA is often used in patients who are conscious or have an altered level of consciousness where an oropharyngeal airway ...
"US Airways" had better brand recognition worldwide than did "America West". In early 2003, US Airways management liquidated the ... "Airline Partners". US Airways. Retrieved April 21, 2014. "US Airways - US Airways Club". usairways.com. Archived from the ... questioning US Airways management's commitment to safety. US Airways transmitted a communication to all of its employees, on ... while US Airways' management team, including CEO Doug Parker, would retain most operational management positions. The ...
Kenya Airways set up a crisis management center at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi. The wreckage was discovered ... Kenya Airways Flight 507 was a scheduled Abidjan-Douala-Nairobi passenger service, operated by Kenya Airways. On 5 May 2007, ... "Aucun survivant dans le crash de l'appareil de Kenya Airways" [No survivors after the crash of a Kenya Airways plane]. Le Monde ... Kenya Airways disclosed a passenger list indicating that the 105 passengers on board were citizens of 26 countries; thirty- ...
In the year 2000, Hummingbird Island was rebranded as Trans Maldivian Airways, under new management. In the next years, TMA ... "Contact." Trans Maldivian Airways. Retrieved on April 21, 2015. "TRANS MALDIVIAN AIRWAYS (Pvt) Ltd. Ibrahim Nasir International ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trans Maldivian Airways. Aviation portal Trans Maldivian Airways (CS1 Divehi-language ... Trans Maldivian Airways (Pvt) Ltd. (TMA) is a private airline headquartered on the grounds of Velana International Airport in ...
The AIC also revealed that there were many problems with the management system in TransAsia Airways.: 148-151 Taiwan's ASC then ... The pilots protested on several occasions, but the management of TransAsia Airways apparently ignored the complaints. It did ... TransAsia Airways Flight 222 was a scheduled domestic passenger flight operated by TransAsia Airways from Kaohsiung, Taiwan, to ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to TransAsia Airways Flight 222. TransAsia Airways "復興航空說明稿 Archived 26 July 2014 at the ...
In 2013, Mid-Sea Express re-branded itself to become Fil-Asian Airways under new management. The new airline is set to relaunch ... Fil-Asian Airways, formerly Mid-Sea Express, was a Cebu-based airline with AOC issued by CAAP. It was formed in 2011 and ceased ... As Fil-Asian Airways, its slogan was "The Asian experience". The airline was operated from major airports such as Mactan-Cebu ... On March 27, 2013, its first commercial flight as Fil-Asian Airways commenced between Zamboanga and Cebu. In 2014, Fil-Asian ...
... stake and Etihad Airways will own 49%. Etihad Airways was also granted management rights over the carrier for an initial five- ... By then, Jat Airways was not a member of any alliances or partnerships but did code share on some routes with Adria Airways, ... In 2004, Jat Airways was named one of the safest airlines in Europe by the IATA. Jat Airways pilots are considered among the ... The fuselage of the aircraft had a large Jat Airways title, with Jat in red and Airways in blue. The new logo was the name Jat ...
Scant management data for Afriqiyah Airways have been published, even before the civil war of 2011. Mainly based on statements ... "Afriqiyah Airways Airbus A300 photo by L.Y.S AVIATION PHOTOGRAPHY". Retrieved 2016-10-31. "Afriqiyah Airways 5A-ONS (Airbus ... Afriqiyah Airways instead currently operates a small route network out of Mitiga International Airport. Afriqiyah Airways is a ... "Afriqiyah Airways places firm order for four more A350 XWBs". Airbus.com. 2012-11-12. Retrieved 2014-01-17. "Afriqiyah Airways ...
The management of British Airways resisted political pressure to purchase the new Airbus A300, stating that it had no ... ISBN 0-563-20718-3. British Airways (1974). British Airways annual report and accounts. British Airways Board. Portals: ... According to British Airways' management the aircraft broke even on flights holding around 40-45% of passenger capacity; in ... Imperial Airways and British Airways were nationalised in November 1939 to form the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC ...
... was established by both the management of Destination Sun Airways and the management of regional airline ... ValuJet purchased Airways Corporation on November 17, 1997, AirTran Airways and its parent Airways Corporation became ... "AirTran Airways 9955 AirTran Boulevard Orlando, FL 32827" "AirTran Airways History." (Archive) AirTran Airways. Retrieved on ... Wikivoyage Go inflight magazine AirTran Airways fleet AirTran Airways fleet age AirTran Airways seating charts AirTran Airways ...
It was mostly aimed at training Nigeria Airways' employees in airline management in order to make the airline efficient and ... Nigeria Airways had its headquarters at Airways House in Abuja at the time of dissolution.: 50 It had been moved from Murtala ... Nigeria Airways Ltd., more commonly known as Nigeria Airways, was a Nigerian airline. The company was founded in 1958 after the ... The airline was managed by a number of foreign companies, including British Airways, KLM and South African Airways. Nigeria ...
... the priority is airway management, to avoid a preventable cause of hypoxia. Common problems with the airway of patient with a ... Pediatric airway management. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7637-2066-7. "Emergency Scene Management". ... "Airway Management". Archived from the original on 21 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-19. Grande, Christopher M.; Søreide, Eldar ... Ensuring a clear airway is therefore the first step in treating any patient; once it is established that a patient's airway is ...
... airway management is secured via a surgical airway instead. There are several possible complications associated with RSI. The ... Alternative airway management devices must be immediately available, in the event the trachea cannot be intubated using ... Warner KJ, Sharar SR, Copass MK, Bulger EM (April 2009). "Prehospital management of the difficult airway: a prospective cohort ... Stone DJ and Gal TJ (2000). "Airway management". In Miller RD (ed.). Anesthesia, Volume 1 (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Churchill ...
Hagberg, Carin A. (2007-02-23). Benumof's Airway Management. Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 978-0323070171. v t e (Articles ...
... or advanced airway management should be used.[citation needed] Airway management First aid Wikimedia Commons has media related ... This maneuver and the head-tilt/chin-lift maneuver are two of the main tools of basic airway management, and they are often ... Margolis, Gregg S.; Surgeons, American Academy of Orthopaedic (2003). Paramedic: Airway Management. Jones & Bartlett Learning. ... Its "Treatment Recommendation" under "Opening the Airway" says, "Rescuers should open the airway using the head tilt-chin lift ...
Airway Management & Tracheotomy. ISBN 978-0-07-162439-8. Ellison, E. Christopher; Zollinger, Jr, Robert M. (2016). Zollinger's ... Emergency airway access Airway access for prolonged mechanical ventilation Functional or mechanical upper airway obstruction ... Tracheotomy (/ˌtreɪkiˈɒtəmi/, UK also /ˌtræki-/), or tracheostomy, is a surgical airway management procedure which consists of ... Rajendram (2017). "Tracheostomy tube displacement: An update on emergency airway management". Indian Journal of Respiratory ...
In March 2007 Highland Airways underwent a management buyout from Atlantic Holdings led by A Mossman and had 100 employees (at ... "Firm taking over Highland Airways isles route". BBC News. BBC. 25 March 2010. Retrieved 21 December 2014. "Highland Airways ... The Highland Airways fleet consisted of the following eleven aircraft at the time of its closure in March 2010: List of defunct ... Highland Airways was under talks for a buyout by Perth-based, Air Charter Scotland. Aircraft were also based at Cardiff Airport ...
Anaesthetic and airway management". Paediatr Anaesth. 7 (4): 345-8. doi:10.1046/j.1460-9592.1997.d01-90.x. PMID 9243695. S2CID ... 1994). "[Anesthetic management of a patient with Freeman-Sheldon syndrome]". Masui (in Japanese). 43 (11): 1748-53. PMID ... Cruickshanks GF, Brown S, Chitayat D (1999). "Anesthesia for Freeman-Sheldon syndrome using a laryngeal mask airway". Can J ... Namiki M, Kawamata T, Yamakage M, Matsuno A, Namiki A (2000). "[Anesthetic management of a patient with Freeman-Sheldon ...
Pollak, Andrew N. (ed.) (2011). "Chapter 9: Airway Management". Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured. ... Suction may be used to clear the airway of blood, saliva, vomit, or other secretions so that a patient may breathe. Suctioning ... In pulmonary hygiene, suction is used to remove fluids from the airways, to facilitate breathing and prevent growth of ...
In contrast to basic airway management maneuvers such as head-tilt or jaw-thrust, advanced airway management relies on the use ... Airway management includes a set of maneuvers and medical procedures performed to prevent and relieve airway obstruction. This ... Basic airway management can be divided into treatment and prevention of an obstruction in the airway. [citation needed] ... Basic airway management involves maneuvers that do not require specialized medical equipment (in contrast to advanced airway ...
The goal for the acute management of patients with stroke is to stabilize the patient and to complete initial evaluation and ... What is the primary goal for the acute management of stroke?. What is the role of glucose management in the acute management of ... What is the approach to acute management of stroke?. What is the indication for thrombolytic therapy in the acute management of ... How is blood pressure controlled in acute management of stroke?. How is hypertension controlled in the acute management of ...
The goal for the acute management of patients with stroke is to stabilize the patient and to complete initial evaluation and ... What is the primary goal for the acute management of stroke?. What is the role of glucose management in the acute management of ... What is the approach to acute management of stroke?. What is the indication for thrombolytic therapy in the acute management of ... How is blood pressure controlled in acute management of stroke?. How is hypertension controlled in the acute management of ...
... safety management services, drowning prevention research and lifesaving sport. ... Current First Aid Instructors who hold Airway Management teach Airway Management. Current First Aid Examiners who hold Airway ... Airway Management Airway Management certification provides senior and experienced lifeguards with specific knowledge and ... On a manikin, demonstrate the proper sizing, insertion, and follow-up for the use of an oropharyngeal airway. ...
Kellogg School of Management. Northwestern University 2211 Campus Drive Evanston, IL 60208 847.491.3300 * Contact Us﻽. ... One of my great joys of working at Kellogg is that Ive served as a faculty advisor for our Global Initiatives in Management ... Our trip this March to Cambodia and Vietnam was canceled during the COVID-19 outbreak, so we decided to board a Zoom Airways ...
Click here to manage your flight booking with South African Airways. ... If youre planning on local, regional or international travel, be sure to book your flight tickets with South African Airways. ...
"These were management issues at the head office.". Despite its 150 pilots and around a thousand staff, Afriqiyah is a tightly ... The other is still with Turkish Airways.. "The truth is, we need the money and we cant use them to Europe because of the ban ... A number of staff at Afriqiyah Airways head office in Tripoli took part in protests yesterday at the way the company is run, ...
Click here to manage your flight booking with South African Airways. ... If youre planning on local, regional or international travel, be sure to book your flight tickets with South African Airways. ...
Simulabs Airway Child Pediatric Airway Management Training System is a pediatric airway management trainer simulating a 5-year ... AirwayChild Pediatric Airway Management Training System. *Learn complete airway management from nasal and oral intubation-to ... Simulabs AirwayChild Pediatric Airway Management Training System is a pediatric airway management trainer simulating a 5-year- ... Simulabs AirwayChild Pediatric Airway Management Training System is a pediatric airway management trainer simulating a 5-year- ...
Simulabs Airway Child Pediatric Airway Management Training System is a pediatric airway management trainer simulating a 5-year ... AirwayChild Pediatric Airway Management Training System. *Learn complete airway management from nasal and oral intubation-to ... Simulabs AirwayChild Pediatric Airway Management Training System is a pediatric airway management trainer simulating a 5-year- ... Simulabs AirwayChild Pediatric Airway Management Training System is a pediatric airway management trainer simulating a 5-year- ...
Algorithms for management of the difficult airway. Hagberg CA, Artime CA, Aziz MF, eds. Hagberg and Benumofs Airway Management ... Airway management of patients with smoke inhalation. Berkow LC, Sakles JC, eds. Cases in Emergency Airway Management. Cambridge ... documented complications of airway management and showed that obesity was a factor in nearly half the airway management ... 3] is a key component of the approach to airway management for any patient and is a key branch point on airway algorithms. [1, ...
... March 27, 2020. by Scott Weingart, MD FCCM 112 Comments ... COVID Airway Management Thoughts. EMCrit Blog. Published on March 27, 2020. Accessed on November 30th 2023. Available at [https ... Thanks for all of the great work on finding functional alternatives for airway management. We are very concerned about ... emcrit.org/emcrit/covid-airway-management/ ].. Financial Disclosures:. Dr. Scott Weingart, Course Director, reports no relevant ...
It was real-time management unfolding around me in real-time. ... their own nuances that force the hand of real-time management, ... It was real-time management unfolding around me in real-time. Heres the scenario - my US Airways flight from Chicago to ... In Brad Clevelands book, Call Center Management on Fast Forward, he defines real-time management as "making adjustments to ... Thanks again US Airways for getting me on the ground and in-time for my connection home last Friday. Next time though, a little ...
Managing the intersection of TMD and Airway issues requires an accurate diagnosis. Participants in this course will learn how ... to evaluate the craniomandibular complex and how to manage different TMD/Airway issues. We will review appropriate therapies, ...
Effectiveness of prehospital continuous positive airway pressure in the management of acute pulmonary edema. Download Prime ... Effectiveness of prehospital continuous positive airway pressure in the management of acute pulmonary edema. Prehosp Emerg Care ... Effectiveness of Prehospital Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in the Management of Acute Pulmonary Edema. Prehosp Emerg Care ... Effectiveness of prehospital continuous positive airway pressure in the management of acute pulmonary edema.. Prehosp Emerg ...
Advising British Airways Pensions on £21 billion asset management transfer to BlackRock. ... The handover involves the airlines Airways Pension Scheme (APS) and New Airways Pension Scheme (NAPS), two of the UKs largest ... We have advised BA Pensions on the employment aspects relating to the successful transfer of the investment management of its ... Dealing with a law firm that understood the complexity of both the people and investment management elements for a transition ...
With one of the largest catalogs of medical, surgical, and diagnostic supplies available online, Medex Supply can provide your facility with all the medical equipment necessary to ensure a healthy, safe, and sterile environment. Our extensive selection, low prices, fast shipping, and friendly, knowledgeable customer service makes Medex Supply a #1 favorite with universities, hospitals, doctors, nurses, schools, laboratories, government agencies, and more.. ...
The use of supraglottic airway devices in the patient with a difficult airway is also discussed ... This issue discusses types of supraglottic airway devices that are commonly used in pediatric patients, reviews indications and ... Elective use of supraglottic airway devices for primary airway management in children with difficult airways. Br J Anaesth. ... Airway management in the ED can be indicated for respiratory arrest or failure, inability to maintain the airway due to altered ...
Sunrise Airways Management Welcomes New Airbus A320 To Haiti by The Haitian Times Jul. 16, 2017. Apr. 01, 2021. ... Sunrise Airways staff and management, led by airline CEO Philippe Bayard (pictured center-left, blue shirt), recently welcomed ... Sunrise Airways newest Airbus A320 currently operates from the carriers hub in Port-au-Prince to three destinations in Cuba ... "Weve jumped into the jet market in a big way with this new aircraft," said Philippe Bayard, President of Sunrise Airways. "Two ...
Ruediger Noppens co-authored a paper evaluating the availability of equipment for airway management in ICUs in Rhineland- ... Airway management in intensive care units in Rhineland-Palatinate : Evolution over five years. Der Anaesthesist. 2017 May;66(5 ... The availability of different types of equipment for airway management, as well as the presence of a training program for ... CONCLUSION: Most ICUs in Rhineland-Palatinate have a broad range of equipment for airway management available, and the range ...
Qatar Airways has been recognised by Alcumus ISOQAR, one of the most recognised and respected UKAS accredited certification ... Qatar Airways achieves IT Service Management System Excellence Certification By Kanchan Nath On Sep 21, 2023. ... ISO 20000 is an international standard for IT service management (ITSM), and its certification demonstrates that Qatar Airways ... "End-to-end" airline management services including international IT standards enable Qatar Airways to demonstrate excellence and ...
About US Airways US Airways, along with US Airways Shuttle and US Airways Express, operates more than 3,200 flights per day and ... FAA Validates US Airways Safety Management System. Dépèche transmise le 4 février 2011 par Business Wire ... US Airways vice president, safety and regulatory compliance. "All 32,000 US Airways employees should be very proud of this ... World Report ranked US Airways first among the major network carriers and third overall in airline safety. US Airways has also ...
Etihad Airways Deputy Group Treasurer describes the implementation and benefits of an award-winning payments project. ... particularly in financial risk management, and payments and cash management. From a risk management perspective, for example, ... by Adam Boukadida, Deputy Treasurer, Etihad Airways. Since Etihad Airways was founded in 2003, it has been one of the fastest ... Etihad Airways has a clear strategy to be the best and most innovative global airline of choice, challenging and changing the ...
British Airways Pensions has today announced the appointment of BlackRock as the outsourced chief investment officer (OCIO) for ... The agreement encompasses the assets directly under management for Airways Pension Scheme (APS) and New Airways Pension Scheme ... investment management from its in-house provider British Airways Pension Investment Management Limited (BAPIML) to BlackRock. ... British Airways (BA) Pensions Entrusts BlackRock with the Management of over £21 billion of Assets, in a Transformational ...
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Europe Airway Management Device Market raise at a CAGR 8.7% & valuing $4.35 billion by 2030. Its fragmented into product, ... Europe Airway Management Device Market Scope. The airway management device market is segmented on the basis of product, patient ... Airway Management Device Market Regional Analysis/Insights. The airway management device market is analysed and market size ... What is the growth rate of the airway management device market? The airway management device market is projected to grow at a ...
US Airways Express Flight Attendants Move To Strike If Management Fails To Negotiate Contract. January 23, 2012 ... Home » News » Media Releases » US Airways Express Flight Attendants Move To Strike If Management Fails To Negotiate Contract ... PSA is a wholly-owned subsidiary of US Airways Group, Inc. and operates as a US Airways Express carrier. Flying to over 62 ... PSA Flight Attendants have sent a loud and clear message to management that action will be taken if a new, improved agreement ...
... Hashtags 3 of 62. Hashtag. Type. Description. #ENTSurgery. Regular. Airway management, Difficult airway, ear ... Airway management, airways, Anaesthesia, Difficult airway, intubation. 18th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Difficult Airway ... Airway, Airway management, Anaesthesia, Difficult airway, Medical Education. The annual Scottish Airway Group meeting ... Youre seeing 3 of the 62 Airway management hashtags. Sign up or log in now to see up to 8 of the top Airway management ...
"Practice Guidelines for Management of the Difficult Airway" strives to improve management of difficult airways and reduce the ... Difficult Airway Management Strategy "Practice Guidelines for Management of the Difficult Airway" suggests developing a ... What Is a Difficult Airway? "Practice Guidelines for Management of the Difficult Airway," published by the American Society of ... airway trauma, and damage to teeth, state the guidelines. Grzeskowiak says, "The more difficult the airway management, the more ...
Veronica Higgs explains brachycephalic airway syndrome in dogs, including breeds affected, symptoms, and treatment options. ... Recovery and Management of Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome Dogs undergoing brachycephalic airway surgery are monitored carefully ... Treatment of Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome Medical management may be an option if clinical signs are mild or infrequent. ... Excessive weight worsens the symptoms, so medical management for brachycephalic airway syndrome includes weight loss if your ...
  • Advanced techniques require specialized medical training and equipment, and are further categorized anatomically into supraglottic devices (such as oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal airways), infraglottic techniques (such as tracheal intubation), and surgical methods (such as cricothyrotomy and tracheotomy). (wikipedia.org)
  • A difficult airway is one for which a preintubation examination identifies attributes that are likely to make laryngoscopy, intubation, bag-mask ventilation (BMV), the use of a supraglottic device, or surgical airway management more difficult than would be the case for a normal airway. (medscape.com)
  • A failed airway occurs when a provider has embarked on a certain course of airway management (eg, rapid sequence intubation/induction [RSI]) and has determined that intubation by that method will not succeed and that immediate initiation of a rescue sequence must be implemented. (medscape.com)
  • The presentation was followed by simulations at four hands-on stations, which focused on fundamental airway concepts such as bag-mask ventilation and placement of oral airways, tracheal intubation, placement of supraglottic airways, and cricothyrotomy. (nih.gov)
  • The training for emergency physicians in the advanced airway skills of rapid sequence induction and tracheal intubation is discussed. (bmj.com)
  • The Life/form Airway Management Trainer simulates a nonanesthetized patient for practicing intubation, ventilation, suction, and CPR techniques. (anatomywarehouse.com)
  • Airway Larry" simulates a non-anesthetized patient for practicing intubation, ventilation, suction, and CPR techniques. (anatomywarehouse.com)
  • Airway management trainer realistically simulates an adult airway, and the lifelike upper torso and head can be used to demonstrate and practice intubation, ventilation and suction techniques. (buyamag.com)
  • In addition it can be used to demonstrate upper airway bronchoscopy and bronchoscopy guided endotracheal intubation. (buyamag.com)
  • The intubation and ventilation techniques and devices are presented within an overall practical algorithm for the difficult airway that is applicable for emergency settings. (ceme.org)
  • Countless courses on the difficult airway, intubation, and rapid sequence intubation use plastic mannequins for hands-on practice. (ceme.org)
  • Formulate an overall strategy for different emergency airway situations emphasizing pre-procedural assessment of the "difficult" airway, indications for nasal and surgical airways, and the role of rapid sequence intubation. (ceme.org)
  • Cite the indications and techniques of emergency surgical airways including retrograde intubation, cricothyrotomy, and tracheotomy. (ceme.org)
  • Progressively, the evaluation and prediction of the possible difficulty in ventilation, oxygenation and intubation in the preoperative assessment have been standardized, while numerous devices have appeared that facilitate the way to approach the handling of the Difficult Airway. (benthambooks.com)
  • What are the various complications of airway intubation? (citizenshospitals.com)
  • Some of the complications of airway intubation include vocal cord injury, swelling, bleeding, esophageal intubation, and failure of the secured airway. (citizenshospitals.com)
  • In comatose patients in whom airway protection is of concern, endotracheal intubation may be indicated. (medscape.com)
  • Adult intubation head trainer provides a solution for varying degrees of difficulty when practicing airway management. (trucorp.com)
  • TruCorp intubation manikins are the most lifelike and hardworking airway trainers on the market today. (trucorp.com)
  • Endotracheal tubes with TaperGuard™ cuff technology have features that may help reduce the tracheal impact of intubation with a unique, taper-shaped cuff design that provides a smaller area of contact with the patient's airway than traditional barrel-shaped cuffs. (medtronic.com)
  • The best of the previous editions has been preserved, whilst new chapters on videolaryngoscopy, awake tracheal intubation, lung separation, airway ultrasonography, airway management in an epidemic and many more have been added. (usmlebookspdf.com)
  • To determine the effect of an initial airway management strategy using laryngeal tube (LT) insertion, compared with endotracheal intubation (ETI), on survival among adults with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). (nih.gov)
  • Tracheal Intubation Most patients requiring an artificial airway can be managed with tracheal intubation, which can be Orotracheal (tube inserted through the mouth) Nasotracheal (tube inserted through the nose). (msdmanuals.com)
  • Adapted from Levitan RM, Kinkle WC: The Airway Cam Pocket Guide to Intubation, ed. 2. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Airway management includes a set of maneuvers and medical procedures performed to prevent and relieve airway obstruction. (wikipedia.org)
  • or by preventing airway obstruction in cases such as anaphylaxis, the obtunded patient, or medical sedation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Airway obstruction can be caused by the tongue, foreign objects, the tissues of the airway itself, and bodily fluids such as blood and gastric contents (aspiration). (wikipedia.org)
  • Basic airway management can be divided into treatment and prevention of an obstruction in the airway. (wikipedia.org)
  • In upper airway obstruction caused by edema from infection, allergy, or trauma, corticosteroids will exert some degree of suppressive effect. (nih.gov)
  • In upper airway obstruction steroids should be delivered to the inflamed tissue in high concentration with the least delay. (nih.gov)
  • Recommended initial doses for acute airway obstruction are dexamethasone, 1.0 to 1.5 mg/kg, or methylprednisolone, 5 to 7 mg/kg. (nih.gov)
  • Steroids for anything that swells: dexamethasone and postextubation airway obstruction. (nih.gov)
  • Use of the Heimlich maneuver has improved the mortality rate of patients with complete airway obstruction, but its employment in patients with partial obstruction may produce complete obstruction. (medscape.com)
  • A needle cricothyrotomy is an emergency procedure to relieve an airway obstruction until surgery can be done to place a breathing tube ( tracheostomy or surgical cricothyrotomy ). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Cricothyroidotomy is a procedure that involves making an incision into the cricothyroid ligament to manage upper airway obstruction due to several situations, such as angioedema, foreign body obstruction, and severe facial trauma. (citizenshospitals.com)
  • The other conditions that require percutaneous tracheostomy include neurological disease, traumatic brain injury, and upper airway obstruction. (citizenshospitals.com)
  • Adjustable from normal to complete airway obstruction. (trucorp.com)
  • Mannitol absorption was compared with measurements of airflow obstruction (FEV1) and airway inflammation (FeNO). (nih.gov)
  • Mannitol absorption did not correlate with markers of airway obstruction or inflammation. (nih.gov)
  • 10. Interventional bronchoscopy from bench to bedside: new techniques for central and peripheral airway obstruction. (nih.gov)
  • 14. Management of central airway obstruction. (nih.gov)
  • 18. Interventional pulmonology techniques for immediate desobstruction of malignant central airway obstruction. (nih.gov)
  • The Staged Extubation Set is the first product specifically indicated for tracheal extubation and reintubation, adding to Cook Medical's comprehensive airway management product offering. (hospitalhealthcare.com)
  • Managing patient airways in an emergency situation can be very difficult and problems may occur following a tracheal extubation if the patient isn't able to breathe independently. (hospitalhealthcare.com)
  • Inhalation of ammonia may cause nasopharyngeal and tracheal burns, bronchiolar and alveolar edema, and airway destruction resulting in respiratory distress or failure. (cdc.gov)
  • An update in current airway management techniques, including: high flow nasal oxygen techniques, new airway assessment tools, guidelines and airway rescue techniques. (airwaymanagementacademy.com)
  • How To Insert a Nasopharyngeal Airway Nasopharyngeal airways are flexible tubes with one end flared (hence their synonym: nasal trumpets) and the other end beveled that are inserted, beveled end first, through the nares into the. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The most important intervention in any urgent or emergent situation is securing the airway and ensuring adequate ventilation. (netce.com)
  • Airway management techniques are aimed at reducing complications associated with artificial airways and mechanical ventilation, such as retained secretions. (rcjournal.com)
  • Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation. (sdsu.edu)
  • Describe laryngeal and upper airway anatomy including the structures about the laryngeal inlet, and the significance of these anatomic landmarks in terms of laryngoscopy, rescue ventilation, and surgical airway techniques. (ceme.org)
  • In the hands of experienced health care professionals, a bag-valve-mask device provides adequate temporary ventilation in many situations, allowing time to systematically achieve definitive airway control. (msdmanuals.com)
  • may be used during bag-valve-mask ventilation to keep soft tissues of the oropharynx from blocking the airway. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Emergency medical services (EMS) paramedics commonly perform ETI or insertion of supraglottic airways (SGAs), such as the LT, on patients with OHCA to facilitate oxygenation and protect the lungs from aspiration of vomitus. (nih.gov)
  • Be able to choose the most appropriate method of airway management based on a variety of patient presentations. (emergencycarebc.ca)
  • Airway difficulties may be encountered in numerous scenarios, including head and neck trauma, traumatic airway injury, morbid obesity with or without respiratory distress, thermal injury, upper-airway pathology (eg, Ludwig angina), and term pregnancy (to name only a few examples). (medscape.com)
  • If the airway blockage occurs with trauma to the head, neck, or spine, care must be taken to avoid further injury to the person. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Ideal for emergency and anaesthesia clinicians needing to maintain proficiency in emergency front of neck airway techniques. (trucorp.com)
  • Patients presenting with advanced aerodigestive malignancy and respiratory compromise often undergo tracheotomy as initial airway management. (elsevierpure.com)
  • These findings suggest that LT insertion may be considered as an initial airway management strategy in patients with OHCA, but limitations of the pragmatic design, practice setting, and ETI performance characteristics suggest that further research is warranted. (nih.gov)
  • More coherent and effective airway management was noted, new knowledge was gained, and implications from psychological research applied. (nih.gov)
  • Paramedic Bianca Hines works on best airway management practices on a manikin. (ems1.com)
  • This randomized study aimed to compare the quality and educational impact of a full-scale simulation workshop with an HF infant simulator (SimBaby™, Laerdal) or with a low- cost (LC) simulator composed of an inert infant manikin with SimBaby™ software that displays respiratory/ hemodynamic parameters on a monitor for medical education in pediatric difficult airway management . (bvsalud.org)
  • The AirSim Difficult Airway manikin is compatible with a full range of supraglottic devices. (trucorp.com)
  • the remaining are related to other causes, including airway compromise. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this course is to provide practitioners, whether in the clinic, the intensive care unit, the emergency room, or in the community as a prehospital provider, with the clinical knowledge needed to rapidly and effectively assess the patient's airway and intervene efficiently to begin to ventilate the patient in distress. (netce.com)
  • A knowledge deficit is identified in caregivers expected to provide emergency management of patients with airway anatomy altered by subspecialty surgeons. (escholarship.org)
  • There is a unique focus on airway anatomy and imaging combined with one-of-a-kind opportunity to practice the techniques on a large variety of non-embalmed, specially prepared cadavers. (ceme.org)
  • Emergency airway puncture is the placement of a hollow needle into the airway through the skin of the throat. (medlineplus.gov)
  • EMS personnel followed local protocols for confirmation of airway placement and management of OHCA, including field termination of resuscitation efforts. (nih.gov)
  • Absolute contraindications for placement of a nasopharyngeal airway include significant mid-face injuries with suspected cribriform plate (basilar skull) fracture. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Describe steps to manipulate the airway of a patient in respiratory distress. (netce.com)
  • Rusch is a medical device manufacturer with over 180 years' experience in designing airway management products, such as ET Tubes , Nasopharyngeal Airways and Laryngoscopes . (medtree.co.uk)
  • Nasopharyngeal airways do not cause patients to gag and are recommended for use in awake or semiconscious patients who may not tolerate an oropharyngeal airway due to the gag reflex. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Simulab's AirwayChild Pediatric Airway Management Training System is a pediatric airway management trainer simulating a 5-year-old child. (simulab.com)
  • This surgical airway course combines an enormous amount of airway imaging with 20 cadavers that have been specially prepared to have normal tissue turgor (not embalmed). (ceme.org)
  • The AirSim Difficult Airway is ideal for training in percutaneous tracheostomy and needle and surgical cricothyroidotomy. (trucorp.com)
  • Our AirSim Difficult Airway model facilitates training in FONA airway management, including needle and surgical cricothyroidotomy and percutaneous tracheostomy. (trucorp.com)
  • Staged extubation brings several benefits including avoidance of complications associated with failed or difficult reintubation[1] and the ability to trial the extubation process earlier while maintaining secure airway access. (hospitalhealthcare.com)
  • Failure to properly manage an artificial airway can result in retained secretions, airway obstructions, and infection. (rcjournal.com)
  • 7 Techniques such as artificial airway suctioning, removal of biofilm, subglottic secretion drainage, and cuff management have been described in the literature as ways to reduce VAEs. (rcjournal.com)
  • Airway care is a critical component of the management of acute and chronically ill patients who are mechanically ventilated. (rcjournal.com)
  • It is performed in patients with acute respiratory failure requiring long-term airway management. (citizenshospitals.com)
  • The goal for the acute management of patients with stroke is to stabilize the patient and to complete initial evaluation and assessment, including imaging and laboratory studies, within 60 minutes of patient arrival. (medscape.com)
  • [ 5 ] . A 2015 update of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association guidelines for the early management of patients with acute ischemic stroke recommends that patients eligible for intravenous t-PA should receive intravenous t-PA even if endovascular treatments are being considered and that patients should receive endovascular therapy with a stent retriever if they meet criteria. (medscape.com)
  • Be more confident and comfortable in making acute care airway management decisions. (emergencycarebc.ca)
  • This eLearning activity focuses on the basic knowledge required to understand and manage tracheostomy airways. (medtronic.com)
  • Airway management in a trauma patient can be particularly challenging when both a difficult airway and the need for rapid action collide. (medscape.com)
  • The provider must evaluate the trauma patient for airway difficulty, develop an airway management plan, and be willing to act quickly with incomplete information. (medscape.com)
  • The simplest way to determine if the airway is obstructed is by assessing whether the patient is able to speak. (wikipedia.org)
  • [ 3 ] is a key component of the approach to airway management for any patient and is a key branch point on airway algorithms. (medscape.com)
  • Airway failure during extubation is a significant risk for all patients and even more so amongst certain high risk patient groups such as those with obesity, obstructive sleep apnoea and the elderly. (hospitalhealthcare.com)
  • These patient cohorts, with difficult airways, require a clear extubation strategy to allow for potential complications during the procedure. (hospitalhealthcare.com)
  • Gaining control of the airway in a compromised patient is absolutely crucial. (netce.com)
  • Discuss the assessment of a patient prior to airway management. (netce.com)
  • Viral HEPA filters are a must in any airway management situation, and they should be placed as close to the patient in the expiratory pathway as possible. (ems1.com)
  • New chapters on the Physiologically Difficult Airway, Human Factors in Emergency Airway Management, Intubating the Highly Infections Patient, and the Massively Soiled Airway. (theairwaysite.com)
  • In an emergency situation, whenever possible, contact the receiving facility while en route to ensure preparation for a comatose, dehydrated, or hyperglycemic patient. (medscape.com)
  • Core Topics in Airway Management - Third edition is a best one that covers each and every medical airway core conceptual managements those are really really needed to manage the ICU cases which are always needs to be monitored very very carefully to maintain the airflow and circulation of the patient. (usmlebookspdf.com)
  • Percutaneous emergency airway access. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The trial did not prescribe clinical care at the receiving hospitals, including use of EMS airway, targeted temperature management, percutaneous coronary intervention, or the timing of withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy. (nih.gov)
  • Combine these details with an airway complicated by breakout teeth, tongue edema, and laryngospasm, and this airway trainer rates hard. (cpr-savers.com)
  • Make appropriate choices in the use of pharmacologic agents used to facilitate airway management. (emergencycarebc.ca)
  • Using a case-based approach, this article reviews initial trauma airway management strategies along with the rationale for evidence-based treatments. (medscape.com)
  • Cranshaw J, Nolan J. Airway management after major trauma . (litfl.com)
  • Langeron O, Birenbaum A, Amour J. Airway management in trauma. (litfl.com)
  • Basic airway management involves maneuvers that do not require specialized medical equipment (in contrast to advanced airway management). (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Treatment includes different maneuvers that aim to remove the foreign body that is obstructing the airway. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the person's airway continues to be blocked, more forceful maneuvers such as hard back slaps and abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver) can be performed. (wikipedia.org)
  • They swiftly and expertly perform invasive airway maneuvers in the ambulance on scene. (ems1.com)
  • Unlike jaw-thrust maneuvers or head tilt/chin lift in basic airway management, advanced airway management involves using advanced devices and state-of-the-art techniques. (citizenshospitals.com)
  • Below, the progression of both non-invasive and invasive airway management will be discussed in more detail, with specific attention paid to prehospital COVID-19 caveats. (ems1.com)
  • Advanced airway management is an airway management strategy that involves extensive skills, advanced training and equipment, and invasive procedures. (citizenshospitals.com)
  • The basic airway is less invasive than the advanced airway. (citizenshospitals.com)
  • The American Medical Association and Australian Resuscitation Council advocate sweeping the fingers across the back of the throat to attempt to dislodge airway obstructions, once the choking victim becomes unconscious. (wikipedia.org)
  • To evaluate the knowledge base of hospital staff regarding emergent airway management of tracheotomy and laryngectomy patients, and the impact of the introduction of a bedside airway form. (escholarship.org)
  • High-kilovolt anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of the airway are the tests of choice in patients in whom laryngeal foreign bodies are suspected. (medscape.com)
  • [ 2 ] have created difficult airway algorithms to help guide clinicians with airway management. (medscape.com)
  • The AIME course has been providing valued and practical hands-on airway management learning experiences for clinicians around the world for over 14 years. (emergencycarebc.ca)
  • Management of the airway is an important and challenging aspect of many clinicians' work and is a source of complications and litigation. (usmlebookspdf.com)
  • The risk of worsening airway injuries (eg, turning a partial tear of the larynx into a total one) through injudicious airway instrumentation must be avoided. (medscape.com)
  • In tracheobronchial foreign body removal, a bronchoscope is inserted into the airway after exposure to the larynx. (medscape.com)
  • If you're planning on local, regional or international travel, be sure to book your flight tickets with South African Airways. (flysaa.com)
  • After a competitive selection process, South African Airways (SAA) has chosen Laminaar Aviation Infotech's ARMS (Aviation Resource Management System) software to help with flight planning and aircraft tracking. (ntu.edu.sg)
  • Airway Management certification provides senior and experienced lifeguards with specific knowledge and training in the use of oxygen, suction devices, oral airways and masks/bag-valve-masks. (forestcityfirstaid.com)
  • Statistically significant results were found in self-reported confidence levels with airway skills (z = -2.803, p = .005), algorithm progression (z = -2.807, p = .005), and predicting difficulty with airway interventions based on the patient's features (z = -2.809, p = .005). (nih.gov)
  • 4. Emerging technologies for the thorax: indications, management and complications. (nih.gov)
  • Thorough knowledge of airway management algorithms will assist the emergency physician in providing optimal care and offer a rapid and effective treatment plan. (medscape.com)
  • Airway management is a primary consideration in the fields of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, anaesthesia, emergency medicine, intensive care medicine, neonatology, and first aid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Airway management in the emergency department and the role of anaesthetists and emergency physicians is reviewed. (bmj.com)
  • For most emergency, critical care and prehospital providers, airway management is a rare and episodic, providing little opportunity for practice, improvement and skill development. (apple.com)
  • This product will fill a gap in the market and help intensive care and emergency medicine personnel to deal with difficult airways during a planned extubation. (hospitalhealthcare.com)
  • We are pleased to announce the publication of the 6th edition of the Walls Manual of Emergency Airway Management by Wolters Kluwer Health. (theairwaysite.com)
  • The new 6th edition solidifies the Manual's standing as the most trusted reference on emergency airway management. (theairwaysite.com)
  • This practical reference is the foundation text for The Difficult Airway Course: Emergency™ , The Difficult Airway Course: Critical Care™ , The Difficult Airway Course: EMS™ and The Difficult Airway Course: Residency Edition™ . (theairwaysite.com)
  • We are excited to see the latest edition of the Walls Manual available," says Calvin A. Brown, III, MD, National Course Director of The Difficult Airway Course: Emergency™ and lead editor. (theairwaysite.com)
  • It is a pleasure to collaborate with so many who are committed to excellence in airway management in developing this comprehensive resource to help our colleagues confidently and effectively respond to an emergency airway, regardless of the environment. (theairwaysite.com)
  • https://shop.lww.com/The-Walls-Manual-of-Emergency-Airway-Management/p/9781975190682 or on Amazon. (theairwaysite.com)
  • Cross-sectional surveys of physicians, nurses, and respiratory therapists at a tertiary care hospital prior to and 24 months after introduction of a bedside Emergency Airway Access (EAA) form. (escholarship.org)
  • Emergency airway puncture is done in an emergency situation, when someone is choking and all other efforts to assist with breathing have failed. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Emergency airway puncture provides enough breathing support for only a very short period of time. (medlineplus.gov)
  • What makes the Practical Emergency Airway Management course different from other airway courses? (ceme.org)
  • The course is tailored to emergency physicians, but critical care physicians, hospitalists, anesthesiologists, and respiratory therapy and paramedical personnel responsible for emergency airways will also benefit from this specialized practical approach. (ceme.org)
  • We intend to reach a multitude of colleagues from all medical areas who have to manage their patients' airways: anaesthesiologists, intensivists, intra- and extra-hospital emergency physicians, pneumologists, ENT surgeons. (benthambooks.com)
  • The following is a compilation of helpful tips for managing the airway in the emergency department. (emdocs.net)
  • This is an essential text for anyone who manages the airway including trainees and specialists in anaesthesia, emergency medicine, intensive care medicine, prehospital medicine as well as nurses and other healthcare professionals. (usmlebookspdf.com)
  • Integrated in a coordinated response under the national health emergency management authorities. (who.int)
  • How To Insert an Oropharyngeal Airway Oropharyngeal airways are rigid intraoral devices that conform to the tongue and displace it away from the posterior pharyngeal wall, thereby restoring pharyngeal airway patency. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Oropharyngeal airways can cause gagging and the potential for vomiting and aspiration in conscious patients and so should be used with caution. (msdmanuals.com)
  • If the initial insertion efforts were unsuccessful, EMS personnel performed rescue airway management using any available airway technique. (nih.gov)